Period
to 20 April 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 April 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
20 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 12 14 14
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 -3
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,580 2,411 3,237
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the South East 12.54% 12.09% 12.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.38% 29.82% 30.30%
Number of salaries quoted 1,348 2,180 2,971
10th Percentile £31,250 £28,750 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £35,000 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £45,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year +11.11% - +5.88%
75th Percentile £57,500 £57,500 £57,500
90th Percentile £63,750 £66,250 £67,500
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,378 8,085 10,683
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 42.67% 40.54% 40.16%
Number of salaries quoted 4,503 6,963 9,256
10th Percentile £32,650 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £42,500 £38,000 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £65,000 £63,000 £61,250
90th Percentile £75,000 £72,500 £71,250
England median annual salary £57,500 £55,000 £53,500
% change year-on-year +4.55% +2.80% +7.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Trend in the South East

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Salary trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Histogram in the South East

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 20 April 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 20 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -3 463 £50,000 - 110
Hampshire +3 437 £42,500 -3.95% 55
Berkshire -8 244 £50,000 -4.76% 48
Surrey +1 242 £52,500 +5.00% 39
West Sussex +4 207 £50,000 +5.26% 16
Oxfordshire 0 139 £50,000 +11.11% 46
East Sussex -5 125 £42,500 -5.56% 27
Buckinghamshire -5 80 £47,500 - 16
Sussex +6 43 £50,000 +25.00% 1
Kent -10 41 £42,500 +13.33% 25
Home Counties -3 2 £90,000 +28.57%
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 20 April 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,471 (93.10%) HTML
2 1,379 (87.28%) JavaScript
3 659 (41.71%) Agile Software Development
4 600 (37.97%) C#
5 551 (34.87%) .NET
6 482 (30.51%) SQL
7 432 (27.34%) AngularJS
8 413 (26.14%) HTML5
9 408 (25.82%) Front End Development
10 395 (25.00%) Git (software)
11 388 (24.56%) React
12 381 (24.11%) Web Development
13 378 (23.92%) MVC
14 374 (23.67%) PHP
15 357 (22.59%) Scrum
16 352 (22.28%) jQuery
17 332 (21.01%) Azure
18 313 (19.81%) User Experience
19 294 (18.61%) SQL Server
20 279 (17.66%) Java
21 277 (17.53%) .NET Core
22 264 (16.71%) ASP.NET
23 255 (16.14%) Vue.js
24 236 (14.94%) Node.js
25 231 (14.62%) CSS3
26 230 (14.56%) MySQL
27 229 (14.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
28 227 (14.37%) Microservices
29 219 (13.86%) Unit Testing
30 209 (13.23%) OOP

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 166 (10.51%) CMS
2 91 (5.76%) WordPress
3 67 (4.24%) Apache
4 54 (3.42%) EPiServer
5 48 (3.04%) IIS
6 31 (1.96%) Confluence
7 25 (1.58%) Tomcat
8 19 (1.20%) NServiceBus
9 18 (1.14%) Drupal
9 18 (1.14%) GemFire
9 18 (1.14%) SharePoint
10 17 (1.08%) Umbraco
11 16 (1.01%) JBoss
12 15 (0.95%) Joomla!
13 13 (0.82%) Apache Spark
13 13 (0.82%) Elasticsearch
13 13 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
14 12 (0.76%) Apache Solr
15 11 (0.70%) WebLogic
16 10 (0.63%) nginx
Applications
1 38 (2.41%) Sketch
2 30 (1.90%) InVision
3 28 (1.77%) Photoshop
4 15 (0.95%) Adobe Illustrator
4 15 (0.95%) Figma
5 13 (0.82%) Microsoft Excel
6 12 (0.76%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 7 (0.44%) Adobe XD
8 5 (0.32%) MS Visio
9 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
9 3 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.13%) InDesign
11 1 (0.063%) Marvel
11 1 (0.063%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 18 (1.14%) Magento
2 10 (0.63%) OpenCart
3 9 (0.57%) Payment Gateway
4 5 (0.32%) nopCommerce
4 5 (0.32%) Remedy ITSM
4 5 (0.32%) Shopify
5 2 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.13%) Odoo
6 1 (0.063%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 332 (21.01%) Azure
2 114 (7.22%) AWS
2 114 (7.22%) SaaS
3 44 (2.78%) GitHub
4 33 (2.09%) GCP
5 32 (2.03%) Google Analytics
6 18 (1.14%) Power Platform
7 17 (1.08%) Adobe Creative Cloud
7 17 (1.08%) PaaS
8 15 (0.95%) npm
9 14 (0.89%) Azure App Service
9 14 (0.89%) Serverless
10 13 (0.82%) Azure Active Directory
10 13 (0.82%) IaaS
11 12 (0.76%) Azure Functions
12 11 (0.70%) Azure Storage
13 9 (0.57%) ShareGate
13 9 (0.57%) Slack
14 7 (0.44%) Microsoft 365
15 6 (0.38%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 44 (2.78%) HTTP
2 13 (0.82%) SSL
3 12 (0.76%) Skype
4 9 (0.57%) Internet
5 7 (0.44%) TCP/IP
6 5 (0.32%) VPN
7 4 (0.25%) DNS
8 3 (0.19%) Intranet
9 2 (0.13%) Extranet
9 2 (0.13%) Network Security
10 1 (0.063%) AMQP
10 1 (0.063%) Firewall
10 1 (0.063%) Reverse Proxy
10 1 (0.063%) RFID
10 1 (0.063%) RTP
10 1 (0.063%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 294 (18.61%) SQL Server
2 230 (14.56%) MySQL
3 72 (4.56%) Relational Database
4 71 (4.49%) NoSQL
5 36 (2.28%) Azure SQL Database
6 34 (2.15%) MongoDB
7 30 (1.90%) Redis
8 29 (1.84%) SQLPlus
9 25 (1.58%) MariaDB
10 23 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
11 16 (1.01%) Big Data
12 14 (0.89%) HBase
13 13 (0.82%) Power BI
13 13 (0.82%) RDBMS
13 13 (0.82%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 7 (0.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 5 (0.32%) SQL Server 2016
15 5 (0.32%) SQLite
16 4 (0.25%) Data Warehouse
16 4 (0.25%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 395 (25.00%) Git (software)
2 100 (6.33%) JIRA
3 75 (4.75%) Visual Studio
4 69 (4.37%) Jenkins
5 50 (3.16%) Bitbucket
6 47 (2.97%) JUnit
7 43 (2.72%) NUnit
8 41 (2.59%) webpack
9 37 (2.34%) gulp
10 34 (2.15%) Team Foundation Server
11 33 (2.09%) IntelliJ
12 31 (1.96%) Protractor
13 30 (1.90%) Eclipse
13 30 (1.90%) TeamCity
14 29 (1.84%) Selenium
15 27 (1.71%) Subversion
15 27 (1.71%) Visual Studio Team System
16 23 (1.46%) Octopus Deploy
17 22 (1.39%) Cucumber
17 22 (1.39%) Grunt
General
1 155 (9.81%) Finance
2 101 (6.39%) Marketing
3 58 (3.67%) Retail
4 47 (2.97%) Law
5 21 (1.33%) Games
6 19 (1.20%) Banking
7 17 (1.08%) Manufacturing
7 17 (1.08%) Public Sector
8 16 (1.01%) Electronics
9 14 (0.89%) Telecoms
10 11 (0.70%) Multimedia
11 6 (0.38%) Automotive
11 6 (0.38%) Local Government
12 4 (0.25%) Aerospace
12 4 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
13 3 (0.19%) Advertising
14 2 (0.13%) Financial Institution
14 2 (0.13%) Legal
14 2 (0.13%) Publishing
15 1 (0.063%) Military
Job Titles
1 1,259 (79.68%) Developer
2 315 (19.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 259 (16.39%) .NET Developer
4 244 (15.44%) Senior Developer
5 226 (14.30%) Software Developer
6 185 (11.71%) C# Developer
7 155 (9.81%) PHP Developer
8 150 (9.49%) Full Stack Developer
9 145 (9.18%) Web Developer
10 141 (8.92%) C# .NET Developer
11 99 (6.27%) Software Engineer
12 81 (5.13%) C# Software Developer
12 81 (5.13%) JavaScript Developer
12 81 (5.13%) Junior
13 79 (5.00%) .NET Software Developer
13 79 (5.00%) Senior Software Developer
14 69 (4.37%) Junior Developer
15 63 (3.99%) Lead Developer
15 63 (3.99%) React Developer
16 52 (3.29%) Senior .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,471 (93.10%) HTML
2 551 (34.87%) .NET
3 432 (27.34%) AngularJS
4 413 (26.14%) HTML5
5 388 (24.56%) React
6 352 (22.28%) jQuery
7 277 (17.53%) .NET Core
8 264 (16.71%) ASP.NET
9 255 (16.14%) Vue.js
10 236 (14.94%) Node.js
11 231 (14.62%) CSS3
12 229 (14.49%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 199 (12.59%) RESTful
14 181 (11.46%) .NET Framework
15 180 (11.39%) Web Services
16 161 (10.19%) Sass
17 160 (10.13%) REST
18 143 (9.05%) ASP.NET MVC
19 115 (7.28%) ASP.NET Web API
20 113 (7.15%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 313 (19.81%) User Experience
2 134 (8.48%) Analytical Skills
3 89 (5.63%) Enterprise Software
4 82 (5.19%) Greenfield Project
5 60 (3.80%) Self-Motivation
6 52 (3.29%) Mobile App
7 31 (1.96%) Organisational Skills
8 23 (1.46%) Linux Command Line
9 15 (0.95%) Data Structures
10 13 (0.82%) iPad
11 9 (0.57%) N-Tier
12 7 (0.44%) Analytical Mindset
12 7 (0.44%) Marketing Technology
12 7 (0.44%) RIA
13 6 (0.38%) Acoustics
13 6 (0.38%) Algorithms
13 6 (0.38%) Video Conferencing
13 6 (0.38%) Xbox
14 5 (0.32%) CMDB
14 5 (0.32%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 195 (12.34%) Linux
2 152 (9.62%) Windows
3 37 (2.34%) Android
4 36 (2.28%) Apple iOS
5 30 (1.90%) Windows Server
6 28 (1.77%) Unix
7 14 (0.89%) Ubuntu
8 8 (0.51%) CentOS
9 3 (0.19%) VMS
10 1 (0.063%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 659 (41.71%) Agile Software Development
2 408 (25.82%) Front End Development
3 381 (24.11%) Web Development
4 378 (23.92%) MVC
5 357 (22.59%) Scrum
6 227 (14.37%) Microservices
7 219 (13.86%) Unit Testing
8 209 (13.23%) OOP
9 202 (12.78%) Software Engineering
10 172 (10.89%) TDD
11 151 (9.56%) OO
12 142 (8.99%) DevOps
13 121 (7.66%) Computer Science
13 121 (7.66%) SOLID
14 116 (7.34%) E-Commerce
15 106 (6.71%) Mentoring
16 89 (5.63%) Problem-Solving
17 85 (5.38%) Test Automation
18 80 (5.06%) Analytical Thinking
18 80 (5.06%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,379 (87.28%) JavaScript
2 600 (37.97%) C#
3 482 (30.51%) SQL
4 374 (23.67%) PHP
5 279 (17.66%) Java
6 206 (13.04%) TypeScript
7 134 (8.48%) Python
8 93 (5.89%) T-SQL
9 61 (3.86%) ES6
10 27 (1.71%) C++
11 24 (1.52%) VB.NET
12 23 (1.46%) PHP 7
13 19 (1.20%) Shell Script
14 18 (1.14%) Apple Swift
14 18 (1.14%) Objective-C
15 16 (1.01%) Groovy
16 15 (0.95%) PowerShell
17 12 (0.76%) Scala
17 12 (0.76%) XPath
18 11 (0.70%) VB
Qualifications
1 201 (12.72%) Degree
2 61 (3.86%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (1.33%) OCP
3 21 (1.33%) Oracle Certification
4 16 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
5 13 (0.82%) Security Cleared
6 12 (0.76%) AWS Certification
7 10 (0.63%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.57%) HND
9 8 (0.51%) CIW
9 8 (0.51%) OCA
10 4 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.25%) Master's Degree
10 4 (0.25%) Six Sigma Black Belt
11 3 (0.19%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.13%) DV Cleared
12 2 (0.13%) HNC
13 1 (0.063%) ISEB
13 1 (0.063%) PhD
13 1 (0.063%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 74 (4.68%) QA
2 7 (0.44%) Actionable Recommendations
3 3 (0.19%) GDPR
4 2 (0.13%) Good Clinical Practice
4 2 (0.13%) WCAG
5 1 (0.063%) SLA
5 1 (0.063%) WAI
System Software
1 141 (8.92%) Docker
2 17 (1.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.82%) HDFS
4 3 (0.19%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 95 (6.01%) Kubernetes
2 26 (1.65%) Ansible
3 16 (1.01%) Puppet
4 15 (0.95%) Terraform
5 7 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (0.32%) HP UCMDB
7 3 (0.19%) Kibana
7 3 (0.19%) vRealize
8 2 (0.13%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 146 (9.24%) Microsoft
2 69 (4.37%) Google
3 58 (3.67%) Adobe
4 36 (2.28%) VMware
5 33 (2.09%) Oracle
6 24 (1.52%) Sitecore
7 17 (1.08%) Okta
7 17 (1.08%) Salesforce.com
8 13 (0.82%) Xamarin
9 11 (0.70%) SAP
10 10 (0.63%) WooCommerce
11 9 (0.57%) Xceptor
12 8 (0.51%) Sage
12 8 (0.51%) Telerik
13 7 (0.44%) Remedy
13 7 (0.44%) Splunk
14 6 (0.38%) Pardot
14 6 (0.38%) ServiceNow
14 6 (0.38%) webMethods
15 5 (0.32%) HP