Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 11 15
Rank change year-on-year -3 +4 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 3,731 4,716 4,459
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 13.32% 15.10% 13.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.18% 35.55% 34.44%
Number of salaries quoted 3,418 4,380 4,119
South East median annual salary £45,000 £42,500 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £28,750 £27,000 £27,500
90th Percentile £65,000 £61,250 £57,500
England median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £42,500
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 11,595 13,265 12,949
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 41.40% 42.46% 38.54%
Number of salaries quoted 9,931 11,508 11,335
South East median annual salary £47,500 £45,000 £45,000
Median salary % change year-on-year +5.56% - +2.27%
10th Percentile £30,750 £28,250 £28,750
90th Percentile £70,000 £66,250 £65,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Salary trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Histogram in the South East

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Salary histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Thames Valley -1 1,346 £50,000 +17.65% 224
Hampshire -4 945 £40,000 - 91
Berkshire -2 705 £55,000 +22.22% 93
Surrey +1 543 £45,000 +12.50% 106
West Sussex -1 386 £42,500 - 38
East Sussex 0 349 £42,500 +3.03% 28
Buckinghamshire 0 330 £47,500 +11.76% 59
Oxfordshire +1 312 £45,000 +12.50% 72
Kent -1 143 £42,000 +5.00% 90
Isle of Wight -1 10 £32,500 +13.04% 1
Middlesex 0 6 £50,000 +40.85%
Home Counties - 3 £35,000 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 3,468 (92.95%) HTML
2 3,353 (89.87%) JavaScript
3 1,687 (45.22%) .NET
4 1,678 (44.97%) C#
5 1,645 (44.09%) Agile Software Development
6 1,417 (37.98%) jQuery
7 1,365 (36.59%) AngularJS
8 1,326 (35.54%) MVC
9 1,164 (31.20%) HTML5
10 1,064 (28.52%) ASP.NET
11 1,035 (27.74%) SQL
12 994 (26.64%) SQL Server
13 904 (24.23%) Web Development
14 802 (21.50%) Git (software)
15 782 (20.96%) CSS3
16 744 (19.94%) PHP
17 701 (18.79%) Front End Development
18 674 (18.06%) Scrum
19 634 (16.99%) Java
20 621 (16.64%) ASP.NET MVC
21 600 (16.08%) Web Services
22 598 (16.03%) User Experience
23 594 (15.92%) React
24 581 (15.57%) MySQL
25 580 (15.55%) TDD
26 491 (13.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
27 482 (12.92%) Sass
28 454 (12.17%) Software Engineering
29 444 (11.90%) ASP.NET Web API
30 443 (11.87%) .NET Framework

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 180 (4.82%) CMS
2 166 (4.45%) IIS
3 110 (2.95%) WordPress
4 93 (2.49%) Elasticsearch
5 80 (2.14%) Tomcat
6 73 (1.96%) Apache
7 63 (1.69%) Umbraco
8 58 (1.55%) Drupal
9 43 (1.15%) Confluence
9 43 (1.15%) SharePoint
10 26 (0.70%) nginx
11 25 (0.67%) Sitecore CMS
12 17 (0.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 16 (0.43%) Kentico
14 13 (0.35%) EPiServer
14 13 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
15 12 (0.32%) Documentum
15 12 (0.32%) OpenStack
16 9 (0.24%) Apache Solr
17 8 (0.21%) concrete5
Applications
1 121 (3.24%) Photoshop
2 46 (1.23%) Adobe Illustrator
3 37 (0.99%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 19 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
5 16 (0.43%) Adobe After Effects
5 16 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
6 15 (0.40%) Chatbot
6 15 (0.40%) OmniGraffle
7 11 (0.29%) MS Visio
8 8 (0.21%) GIMP
9 7 (0.19%) InVision
10 6 (0.16%) Fireworks
11 5 (0.13%) Adobe Captivate
11 5 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
12 4 (0.11%) InDesign
13 3 (0.080%) UXPin
14 2 (0.054%) 3ds Max
14 2 (0.054%) Adobe Premiere
14 2 (0.054%) Inkscape
15 1 (0.027%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 36 (0.96%) Magento
2 15 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
3 6 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.16%) WebTrends
4 5 (0.13%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.054%) SAP Business ByDesign
5 2 (0.054%) SAP CO
5 2 (0.054%) SAP FI
5 2 (0.054%) SAP FI/CO
5 2 (0.054%) SAP IS-U
6 1 (0.027%) Distributed Ledger
6 1 (0.027%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.027%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.027%) SAP Business One
Cloud Services
1 388 (10.40%) Microsoft Azure
2 258 (6.92%) Amazon AWS
3 144 (3.86%) SaaS
4 99 (2.65%) GitHub
5 76 (2.04%) npm
6 45 (1.21%) Serverless
7 26 (0.70%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (0.67%) Google Analytics
9 20 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
10 18 (0.48%) Amazon SQS
10 18 (0.48%) Office 365
11 12 (0.32%) Amazon S3
11 12 (0.32%) DigitalOcean
12 11 (0.29%) Cloud Computing
12 11 (0.29%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.27%) PaaS
14 9 (0.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
14 9 (0.24%) Firebase
14 9 (0.24%) Google Cloud Platform
15 8 (0.21%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 87 (2.33%) HTTP
2 46 (1.23%) Internet
3 20 (0.54%) Intranet
4 16 (0.43%) TCP/IP
5 15 (0.40%) RIP
6 12 (0.32%) DNS
7 10 (0.27%) SMS
8 9 (0.24%) HTTPS
8 9 (0.24%) Wireless
9 8 (0.21%) FTP
9 8 (0.21%) SSH
10 6 (0.16%) Broadband
10 6 (0.16%) Extranet
10 6 (0.16%) Firewall
10 6 (0.16%) IMAP
10 6 (0.16%) SMTP
10 6 (0.16%) SSL
11 5 (0.13%) iBeacon
11 5 (0.13%) VoIP
12 4 (0.11%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 994 (26.64%) SQL Server
2 581 (15.57%) MySQL
3 185 (4.96%) NoSQL
4 180 (4.82%) MongoDB
5 160 (4.29%) Relational Database
6 122 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
7 86 (2.31%) Big Data
8 73 (1.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 70 (1.88%) SQL Server 2008
10 69 (1.85%) SQL Server 2012
11 55 (1.47%) Redis
12 44 (1.18%) Oracle Database
12 44 (1.18%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 35 (0.94%) SQL Server 2016
14 34 (0.91%) RDBMS
15 24 (0.64%) MariaDB
15 24 (0.64%) SQL Server 2005
16 22 (0.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 20 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
18 18 (0.48%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 802 (21.50%) Git (software)
2 278 (7.45%) Visual Studio
3 230 (6.16%) Team Foundation Server
4 212 (5.68%) JIRA
5 168 (4.50%) Subversion
6 156 (4.18%) webpack
7 151 (4.05%) Jenkins
8 140 (3.75%) gulp
9 101 (2.71%) NUnit
9 101 (2.71%) Selenium
10 88 (2.36%) Maven
11 76 (2.04%) Grunt
12 62 (1.66%) Jasmine
13 55 (1.47%) TeamCity
14 54 (1.45%) Eclipse
15 53 (1.42%) Octopus Deploy
16 51 (1.37%) Axure RP
16 51 (1.37%) Bitbucket
17 47 (1.26%) JUnit
18 44 (1.18%) Gradle
General
1 374 (10.02%) Finance
2 163 (4.37%) Retail
3 149 (3.99%) Marketing
4 77 (2.06%) Manufacturing
5 50 (1.34%) Games
6 38 (1.02%) Automotive
7 35 (0.94%) Electronics
8 29 (0.78%) Advertising
9 26 (0.70%) Publishing
10 23 (0.62%) Telecoms
11 21 (0.56%) Aerospace
11 21 (0.56%) Banking
12 13 (0.35%) Back Office
12 13 (0.35%) Law
13 12 (0.32%) Hindi Language
13 12 (0.32%) Punjabi Language
13 12 (0.32%) Urdu Language
14 10 (0.27%) Legal
14 10 (0.27%) Multimedia
14 10 (0.27%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 3,200 (85.77%) Developer
2 776 (20.80%) .NET Developer
3 621 (16.64%) C# Developer
4 543 (14.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 533 (14.29%) Software Developer
6 496 (13.29%) Senior Developer
7 446 (11.95%) Full Stack Developer
8 435 (11.66%) C# .NET Developer
9 416 (11.15%) Web Developer
10 385 (10.32%) JavaScript Developer
11 367 (9.84%) PHP Developer
12 273 (7.32%) Java Developer
13 250 (6.70%) ASP.NET Developer
14 227 (6.08%) C# ASP.NET Developer
15 222 (5.95%) Junior
16 213 (5.71%) C# Software Developer
17 207 (5.55%) .NET Software Developer
18 204 (5.47%) Angular Developer
19 202 (5.41%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
20 200 (5.36%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,468 (92.95%) HTML
2 1,687 (45.22%) .NET
3 1,417 (37.98%) jQuery
4 1,365 (36.59%) AngularJS
5 1,164 (31.20%) HTML5
6 1,064 (28.52%) ASP.NET
7 782 (20.96%) CSS3
8 621 (16.64%) ASP.NET MVC
9 600 (16.08%) Web Services
10 594 (15.92%) React
11 491 (13.16%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 482 (12.92%) Sass
13 444 (11.90%) ASP.NET Web API
14 443 (11.87%) .NET Framework
15 414 (11.10%) Node.js
16 406 (10.88%) XML
17 396 (10.61%) REST
18 349 (9.35%) RESTful
19 285 (7.64%) Ajax
20 272 (7.29%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 598 (16.03%) User Experience
2 239 (6.41%) Greenfield Project
3 225 (6.03%) Mobile App
4 144 (3.86%) Analytical Skills
5 132 (3.54%) Enterprise Software
6 110 (2.95%) Fintech
7 78 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
8 39 (1.05%) Graphic Design
9 36 (0.96%) Linux Command Line
10 35 (0.94%) Algorithms
10 35 (0.94%) N-Tier
10 35 (0.94%) W3C
11 29 (0.78%) Driving Licence
12 27 (0.72%) Data Structures
13 26 (0.70%) Life Science
13 26 (0.70%) Social Media
14 24 (0.64%) RIA
15 23 (0.62%) Video on Demand
16 21 (0.56%) e-Learning
16 21 (0.56%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 350 (9.38%) Linux
2 258 (6.92%) Windows
3 147 (3.94%) Android
3 147 (3.94%) Apple iOS
4 50 (1.34%) Unix
5 33 (0.88%) Windows Server
6 17 (0.46%) Debian
7 13 (0.35%) Ubuntu
8 12 (0.32%) Windows Phone
8 12 (0.32%) Windows Phone 8
9 9 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 8 (0.21%) CentOS
11 7 (0.19%) Amazon Linux
11 7 (0.19%) Mac OS X
12 5 (0.13%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 4 (0.11%) Windows 7
14 3 (0.080%) Mac OS
14 3 (0.080%) VMS
14 3 (0.080%) Windows XP
15 1 (0.027%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,645 (44.09%) Agile Software Development
2 1,326 (35.54%) MVC
3 904 (24.23%) Web Development
4 701 (18.79%) Front End Development
5 674 (18.06%) Scrum
6 580 (15.55%) TDD
7 454 (12.17%) Software Engineering
8 366 (9.81%) OO
9 339 (9.09%) Unit Testing
10 307 (8.23%) Computer Science
11 278 (7.45%) Problem-Solving
12 277 (7.42%) OOP
13 263 (7.05%) E-Commerce
14 253 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
15 250 (6.70%) Test Automation
16 223 (5.98%) BDD
17 199 (5.33%) Responsive Web Design
18 167 (4.48%) SDLC
18 167 (4.48%) SOLID
19 151 (4.05%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 3,353 (89.87%) JavaScript
2 1,678 (44.97%) C#
3 1,035 (27.74%) SQL
4 744 (19.94%) PHP
5 634 (16.99%) Java
6 215 (5.76%) Python
7 205 (5.49%) TypeScript
8 199 (5.33%) T-SQL
9 160 (4.29%) ES6
10 143 (3.83%) VB.NET
11 134 (3.59%) C++
12 83 (2.22%) Java 8
13 63 (1.69%) Ruby
14 37 (0.99%) C
14 37 (0.99%) PL/SQL
15 29 (0.78%) PHP 5
16 27 (0.72%) Scala
17 24 (0.64%) PHP 7
18 23 (0.62%) F#
18 23 (0.62%) Perl
Qualifications
1 390 (10.45%) Degree
2 123 (3.30%) Computer Science Degree
3 20 (0.54%) Security Cleared
4 19 (0.51%) Master's Degree
5 13 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
6 11 (0.29%) PhD
7 10 (0.27%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 10 (0.27%) SC Cleared
8 9 (0.24%) DBS Check
9 8 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
10 5 (0.13%) ISTQB
11 3 (0.080%) TOGAF Certification
12 1 (0.027%) APMP
12 1 (0.027%) Chartered Engineer
12 1 (0.027%) CITP
12 1 (0.027%) HND
12 1 (0.027%) ISEB
12 1 (0.027%) MCTS
12 1 (0.027%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (4.34%) QA
2 30 (0.80%) PCI DSS
3 28 (0.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 26 (0.70%) ISO 9001
5 21 (0.56%) SLA
6 14 (0.38%) GDPR
7 12 (0.32%) ISO 14001
8 8 (0.21%) DICOM
9 7 (0.19%) WAI
9 7 (0.19%) WCAG
10 6 (0.16%) GAMP
11 2 (0.054%) HL7
11 2 (0.054%) PA-DSS
11 2 (0.054%) PMO
System Software
1 170 (4.56%) Docker
2 10 (0.27%) LXC
3 9 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.13%) Firmware
5 4 (0.11%) Apache Flume
5 4 (0.11%) HDFS
5 4 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
6 3 (0.080%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.080%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.080%) VirtualBox
7 1 (0.027%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.027%) Forefront TMG
7 1 (0.027%) Varnish
7 1 (0.027%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.027%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 48 (1.29%) Kubernetes
2 22 (0.59%) Ansible
3 20 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
4 18 (0.48%) Kibana
5 12 (0.32%) logstash
5 12 (0.32%) Terraform
6 6 (0.16%) Capistrano
6 6 (0.16%) Packer
7 5 (0.13%) Puppet
8 4 (0.11%) Oozie
8 4 (0.11%) Rundeck
9 3 (0.080%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.027%) Consul
10 1 (0.027%) Docker Swarm
10 1 (0.027%) Nagios
10 1 (0.027%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 436 (11.69%) Microsoft
2 197 (5.28%) Oracle
3 108 (2.89%) Adobe
4 78 (2.09%) Xamarin
5 67 (1.80%) Google
6 62 (1.66%) Zend
7 31 (0.83%) Sitecore
8 29 (0.78%) Telerik
9 23 (0.62%) SAP
10 15 (0.40%) MuleSoft
11 11 (0.29%) IBM
12 10 (0.27%) EMC
12 10 (0.27%) Facebook
12 10 (0.27%) VMware
13 9 (0.24%) Twitter
13 9 (0.24%) Unisys
14 8 (0.21%) WooCommerce
15 6 (0.16%) Actuate
15 6 (0.16%) DevExpress
15 6 (0.16%) hybris