Period
to 25 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
25 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 14 14 17
Rank change year-on-year 0 +3 -7
Permanent jobs citing CSS 2,048 1,557 3,052
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the South East 12.55% 12.71% 11.59%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.61% 30.78% 29.40%
Number of salaries quoted 1,509 1,426 2,753
10th Percentile £31,250 £27,625 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £36,250 £33,750
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £47,500 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.56% -
75th Percentile £57,500 £58,750 £56,250
90th Percentile £65,000 £70,000 £65,000
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,917 5,059 10,382
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 42.38% 41.28% 39.41%
Number of salaries quoted 5,129 4,400 9,028
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £30,000
25th Percentile £41,250 £39,750 £36,250
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £50,000 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
75th Percentile £65,000 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £77,500 £75,000 £72,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +10.00%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Trend in the South East

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Salary trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Histogram in the South East

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 25 July 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 25 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hampshire +6 756 £42,500 -5.56% 63
Thames Valley -3 585 £50,000 - 105
Berkshire -15 308 £55,000 +4.76% 61
Surrey -5 249 £47,500 -5.00% 34
East Sussex -5 192 £45,000 +12.50% 30
West Sussex -2 179 £47,500 - 20
Oxfordshire +8 159 £49,500 +13.14% 19
Buckinghamshire -2 118 £42,500 -15.00% 25
Kent +3 62 £42,500 +41.67% 23
Home Counties -10 2 £90,000 +28.57%
Sussex - 1 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 July 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,726 (84.28%) HTML
2 1,622 (79.20%) JavaScript
3 933 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
4 800 (39.06%) React
5 796 (38.87%) AngularJS
6 751 (36.67%) C#
7 715 (34.91%) .NET
8 591 (28.86%) SQL
9 579 (28.27%) Git (software)
10 499 (24.37%) User Experience
11 481 (23.49%) Front End Development
12 468 (22.85%) Azure
13 460 (22.46%) MVC
14 459 (22.41%) Node.js
15 452 (22.07%) Degree
16 448 (21.88%) Software Engineering
17 441 (21.53%) HTML5
18 439 (21.44%) Web Development
19 432 (21.09%) Scrum
20 422 (20.61%) jQuery
21 407 (19.87%) Java
22 403 (19.68%) PHP
23 388 (18.95%) Microservices
24 376 (18.36%) Unit Testing
25 373 (18.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 362 (17.68%) RESTful
26 362 (17.68%) SQL Server
27 359 (17.53%) Computer Science
28 343 (16.75%) ASP.NET
29 341 (16.65%) Finance

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 209 (10.21%) Apache
2 205 (10.01%) CMS
3 174 (8.50%) GemFire
4 166 (8.11%) Apache Spark
5 128 (6.25%) WordPress
6 66 (3.22%) IIS
7 45 (2.20%) EPiServer
8 38 (1.86%) Confluence
9 29 (1.42%) Umbraco
10 24 (1.17%) SharePoint
11 23 (1.12%) Joomla!
12 18 (0.88%) Apache Solr
13 17 (0.83%) Tomcat
14 16 (0.78%) Elasticsearch
14 16 (0.78%) Kentico
14 16 (0.78%) nginx
15 15 (0.73%) NServiceBus
16 12 (0.59%) Drupal
16 12 (0.59%) Sitecore CMS
17 7 (0.34%) MODX
Applications
1 42 (2.05%) Sketch
2 33 (1.61%) InVision
3 31 (1.51%) Photoshop
4 28 (1.37%) Figma
5 20 (0.98%) Campfire
6 14 (0.68%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 14 (0.68%) Adobe Illustrator
7 11 (0.54%) Adobe XD
8 10 (0.49%) Microsoft Excel
9 7 (0.34%) GIMP
10 6 (0.29%) InDesign
11 5 (0.24%) Zeplin
12 4 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
12 4 (0.20%) MS Visio
13 3 (0.15%) UXPin
14 1 (0.049%) Acrobat
14 1 (0.049%) FrameMaker
14 1 (0.049%) Marvel
14 1 (0.049%) RoboHelp
14 1 (0.049%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 33 (1.61%) Magento
2 16 (0.78%) Shopify
3 8 (0.39%) WebTrends
4 7 (0.34%) Payment Gateway
4 7 (0.34%) Remedy ITSM
5 5 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.15%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.098%) NetSuite
8 2 (0.098%) nopCommerce
9 1 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
9 1 (0.049%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 468 (22.85%) Azure
2 299 (14.60%) AWS
3 208 (10.16%) GitHub
4 128 (6.25%) SaaS
5 114 (5.57%) Amazon Kinesis
6 105 (5.13%) GCP
7 49 (2.39%) npm
8 37 (1.81%) OpenShift
9 32 (1.56%) Google Analytics
10 28 (1.37%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 23 (1.12%) Azure Active Directory
12 20 (0.98%) PaaS
13 19 (0.93%) Power Platform
14 15 (0.73%) Microsoft 365
15 11 (0.54%) DigitalOcean
15 11 (0.54%) Dynamics 365
16 10 (0.49%) Asana
16 10 (0.49%) Power Automate
16 10 (0.49%) PowerApps
17 9 (0.44%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 25 (1.22%) DNS
2 24 (1.17%) HTTP
3 20 (0.98%) Broadband
4 14 (0.68%) Internet
5 7 (0.34%) SSL
5 7 (0.34%) VPN
6 5 (0.24%) MQTT
7 3 (0.15%) Intranet
8 2 (0.098%) Extranet
8 2 (0.098%) Network Security
8 2 (0.098%) WEP
9 1 (0.049%) 4G
9 1 (0.049%) 5G
9 1 (0.049%) Firewall
9 1 (0.049%) FTP
9 1 (0.049%) HTTPS
9 1 (0.049%) Reverse Proxy
9 1 (0.049%) RTP
9 1 (0.049%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 362 (17.68%) SQL Server
2 307 (14.99%) MySQL
3 236 (11.52%) NoSQL
4 215 (10.50%) Relational Database
5 192 (9.38%) MariaDB
6 173 (8.45%) PostgreSQL
6 173 (8.45%) Redis
7 167 (8.15%) HBase
8 121 (5.91%) Big Data
9 37 (1.81%) MongoDB
10 29 (1.42%) Azure SQL Database
11 21 (1.03%) RDBMS
12 18 (0.88%) Power BI
13 17 (0.83%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 14 (0.68%) Oracle Database
15 12 (0.59%) SQLPlus
16 11 (0.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 10 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
18 5 (0.24%) Couchbase
18 5 (0.24%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 579 (28.27%) Git (software)
2 244 (11.91%) Jenkins
3 201 (9.81%) Cypress.io
3 201 (9.81%) Protractor
4 200 (9.77%) JUnit
5 195 (9.52%) Storybook
6 189 (9.23%) Cucumber
7 179 (8.74%) IntelliJ
8 177 (8.64%) Eclipse
8 177 (8.64%) Gradle
8 177 (8.64%) Sonatype Nexus
9 161 (7.86%) Mockito
10 137 (6.69%) JIRA
11 114 (5.57%) Artifactory
12 102 (4.98%) Visual Studio
13 76 (3.71%) webpack
14 75 (3.66%) SonarQube
15 60 (2.93%) Bitbucket
16 46 (2.25%) gulp
17 44 (2.15%) Grunt
General
1 341 (16.65%) Finance
2 278 (13.57%) Social Skills
3 214 (10.45%) Law
4 197 (9.62%) Banking
5 194 (9.47%) Inclusion and Diversity
6 117 (5.71%) Marketing
7 93 (4.54%) Retail
8 77 (3.76%) Analytical Skills
9 25 (1.22%) Organisational Skills
10 21 (1.03%) Games
11 20 (0.98%) Electronics
11 20 (0.98%) Telecoms
12 18 (0.88%) Public Sector
13 16 (0.78%) Manufacturing
14 12 (0.59%) Automotive
15 9 (0.44%) Police
15 9 (0.44%) Publishing
16 8 (0.39%) Local Government
17 7 (0.34%) Aerospace
17 7 (0.34%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 1,484 (72.46%) Developer
2 347 (16.94%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 288 (14.06%) .NET Developer
4 257 (12.55%) Software Developer
5 255 (12.45%) Software Engineer
6 235 (11.47%) Senior Developer
7 229 (11.18%) C# Developer
8 193 (9.42%) PHP Developer
9 167 (8.15%) C# .NET Developer
10 159 (7.76%) Full Stack Developer
11 145 (7.08%) Web Developer
12 102 (4.98%) React Developer
13 99 (4.83%) Junior
14 92 (4.49%) JavaScript Developer
15 89 (4.35%) Junior Developer
16 87 (4.25%) Principal Engineer
16 87 (4.25%) Principal Software Engineer
17 84 (4.10%) Lead Developer
18 81 (3.96%) Designer
19 73 (3.56%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,726 (84.28%) HTML
2 800 (39.06%) React
3 796 (38.87%) AngularJS
4 715 (34.91%) .NET
5 459 (22.41%) Node.js
6 441 (21.53%) HTML5
7 422 (20.61%) jQuery
8 373 (18.21%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 362 (17.68%) RESTful
10 343 (16.75%) ASP.NET
11 320 (15.63%) CSS3
12 317 (15.48%) .NET Core
13 288 (14.06%) Redux
14 276 (13.48%) Web Services
15 235 (11.47%) Spring
16 233 (11.38%) REST
16 233 (11.38%) Vue.js
17 225 (10.99%) JSON
18 209 (10.21%) .NET Framework
19 207 (10.11%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 499 (24.37%) User Experience
2 172 (8.40%) Linux Command Line
3 144 (7.03%) Self-Motivation
4 127 (6.20%) Greenfield Project
5 86 (4.20%) Mobile App
6 50 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
7 22 (1.07%) Algorithms
8 21 (1.03%) Legacy Systems
9 20 (0.98%) iPad
10 16 (0.78%) Data Structures
11 12 (0.59%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (0.49%) Video Conferencing
12 10 (0.49%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.44%) Management Information System
14 8 (0.39%) Digital Media
15 7 (0.34%) CMDB
15 7 (0.34%) Marketing Technology
15 7 (0.34%) N-Tier
16 6 (0.29%) Legacy Code
16 6 (0.29%) Life Science
Operating Systems
1 322 (15.72%) Linux
2 183 (8.94%) Unix
3 124 (6.05%) Windows
4 76 (3.71%) Android
4 76 (3.71%) Apple iOS
5 32 (1.56%) Windows Server
6 11 (0.54%) VMS
7 5 (0.24%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.098%) Windows 10
8 2 (0.098%) Windows Server 2019
9 1 (0.049%) SUSE
9 1 (0.049%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 933 (45.56%) Agile Software Development
2 481 (23.49%) Front End Development
3 460 (22.46%) MVC
4 448 (21.88%) Software Engineering
5 439 (21.44%) Web Development
6 432 (21.09%) Scrum
7 388 (18.95%) Microservices
8 376 (18.36%) Unit Testing
9 359 (17.53%) Computer Science
10 335 (16.36%) DevOps
11 312 (15.23%) TDD
12 296 (14.45%) OO
13 226 (11.04%) OOP
14 193 (9.42%) Cross-Browser Testing
14 193 (9.42%) Digital Banking
15 188 (9.18%) Clean Code
16 172 (8.40%) Test Automation
17 170 (8.30%) E-Commerce
18 167 (8.15%) Validation
19 166 (8.11%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 1,622 (79.20%) JavaScript
2 751 (36.67%) C#
3 591 (28.86%) SQL
4 407 (19.87%) Java
5 403 (19.68%) PHP
6 296 (14.45%) TypeScript
7 248 (12.11%) Python
8 171 (8.35%) Groovy
9 167 (8.15%) Shell Script
10 128 (6.25%) T-SQL
11 66 (3.22%) ES6
12 34 (1.66%) PHP 7
13 32 (1.56%) VB.NET
14 31 (1.51%) C++
15 22 (1.07%) Objective-C
15 22 (1.07%) PL/SQL
16 21 (1.03%) Apple Swift
16 21 (1.03%) Ruby
17 13 (0.63%) C
17 13 (0.63%) VB
Qualifications
1 452 (22.07%) Degree
2 168 (8.20%) OCP
2 168 (8.20%) Oracle Certification
3 118 (5.76%) Computer Science Degree
4 38 (1.86%) Microsoft Certification
5 35 (1.71%) Master's Degree
6 21 (1.03%) AWS Certification
7 19 (0.93%) Security Cleared
8 12 (0.59%) SC Cleared
9 11 (0.54%) HND
10 7 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.34%) CIW
10 7 (0.34%) OCA
11 4 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
12 2 (0.098%) HNC
12 2 (0.098%) ISEB
12 2 (0.098%) ISTQB
13 1 (0.049%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.049%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.049%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 95 (4.64%) QA
2 46 (2.25%) Accessibility
3 27 (1.32%) WCAG
4 23 (1.12%) GDPR
5 12 (0.59%) Actionable Recommendations
6 4 (0.20%) WAI
7 3 (0.15%) ISO 13485
7 3 (0.15%) SLA
8 2 (0.098%) Good Clinical Practice
9 1 (0.049%) Data Quality
System Software
1 166 (8.11%) HDFS
2 159 (7.76%) Docker
3 121 (5.91%) VMware Infrastructure
4 7 (0.34%) Active Directory
5 5 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
7 3 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 175 (8.54%) Ansible
2 93 (4.54%) Kubernetes
3 62 (3.03%) Opscode Chef
4 11 (0.54%) Kibana
5 10 (0.49%) Terraform
6 9 (0.44%) Active Directory Federation Services
7 7 (0.34%) HP UCMDB
8 4 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
8 4 (0.20%) Puppet
9 2 (0.098%) OpenNebula
9 2 (0.098%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.098%) vRealize
10 1 (0.049%) Grafana
Vendors
1 201 (9.81%) VMware
2 192 (9.38%) Okta
3 188 (9.18%) Microsoft
4 112 (5.47%) Adobe
5 83 (4.05%) Google
6 56 (2.73%) Oracle
7 32 (1.56%) Xamarin
8 23 (1.12%) WooCommerce
8 23 (1.12%) Zend
9 20 (0.98%) Telerik
10 18 (0.88%) Sitecore
11 17 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
12 16 (0.78%) Atlassian
13 15 (0.73%) IBM
14 13 (0.63%) Remedy
15 12 (0.59%) Sage
16 10 (0.49%) ServiceNow
17 7 (0.34%) BMC
17 7 (0.34%) Mercator
17 7 (0.34%) Splunk