Period
to 23 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
23 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 20 11 17
Rank change year-on-year -9 +6 -2
Permanent jobs citing CSS 1,832 1,366 2,644
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the South East 10.31% 13.65% 11.41%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.93% 30.16% 29.15%
Number of salaries quoted 1,311 1,242 2,408
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £27,500
25th Percentile £37,500 £37,500 £35,000
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
75th Percentile £62,500 £60,000 £56,250
90th Percentile £70,000 £67,450 £65,000
England median annual salary £52,500 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 6,559 4,529 9,071
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 36.93% 45.24% 39.14%
Number of salaries quoted 4,723 3,955 7,773
10th Percentile £35,000 £33,350 £31,250
25th Percentile £43,750 £42,500 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £55,000 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £68,750 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £80,000 £72,500 £72,500
England median annual salary £62,500 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +8.70% +4.55% +4.76%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Trend in the South East

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Salary trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Histogram in the South East

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 23 January 2022.

Salary histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 23 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Hampshire -5 613 £45,000 - 41
Thames Valley -6 549 £50,000 - 89
Berkshire 0 320 £55,000 +10.00% 42
Surrey -19 254 £55,000 +2.80% 43
East Sussex +3 183 £45,000 +1.12% 16
Buckinghamshire +2 122 £45,000 -5.26% 22
Oxfordshire -8 116 £50,000 - 25
West Sussex -8 100 £50,000 -13.79% 13
Kent -12 95 £40,000 -4.19% 17
Home Counties - 20 £92,500 -
Sussex -8 9 £35,000 -30.00% 2
Middlesex - 1 £42,500 -
Isle of Wight - 1 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 23 January 2022, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,689 (92.19%) HTML
2 1,555 (84.88%) JavaScript
3 752 (41.05%) Agile Software Development
4 688 (37.55%) React
5 602 (32.86%) C#
6 528 (28.82%) AngularJS
7 525 (28.66%) Full Stack Development
8 519 (28.33%) .NET
9 452 (24.67%) Git (software)
10 438 (23.91%) PHP
11 437 (23.85%) HTML5
12 429 (23.42%) SQL
13 404 (22.05%) Azure
14 380 (20.74%) MySQL
15 377 (20.58%) Front End Development
16 366 (19.98%) jQuery
17 365 (19.92%) MVC
18 361 (19.71%) Software Engineering
19 341 (18.61%) Degree
20 339 (18.50%) Web Development
21 337 (18.40%) Java
22 329 (17.96%) User Experience
23 322 (17.58%) CSS3
24 298 (16.27%) TDD
25 287 (15.67%) OO
26 285 (15.56%) Node.js
27 277 (15.12%) AWS
28 260 (14.19%) RESTful
29 258 (14.08%) Unit Testing
30 255 (13.92%) DevOps

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (10.21%) CMS
2 178 (9.72%) WordPress
3 98 (5.35%) Apache
4 53 (2.89%) Apache Spark
5 48 (2.62%) GemFire
6 44 (2.40%) Confluence
7 41 (2.24%) Umbraco
8 39 (2.13%) Drupal
9 31 (1.69%) nginx
10 28 (1.53%) SharePoint
11 23 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
11 23 (1.26%) Joomla!
12 22 (1.20%) GeoServer
13 21 (1.15%) EPiServer
14 20 (1.09%) Tomcat
15 15 (0.82%) JBoss
15 15 (0.82%) Sitecore CMS
16 14 (0.76%) Jetty
17 11 (0.60%) IIS
18 8 (0.44%) Kentico
Applications
1 38 (2.07%) Microsoft Office
2 30 (1.64%) Photoshop
3 29 (1.58%) InVision
4 26 (1.42%) Sketch
5 25 (1.36%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 21 (1.15%) Microsoft Excel
7 20 (1.09%) Adobe Illustrator
8 13 (0.71%) Campfire
9 10 (0.55%) Adobe XD
10 9 (0.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 9 (0.49%) Zeplin
11 8 (0.44%) MS Visio
12 5 (0.27%) Adobe Premiere
12 5 (0.27%) GIMP
13 4 (0.22%) InDesign
14 3 (0.16%) UXPin
15 2 (0.11%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 63 (3.44%) Magento
2 18 (0.98%) Payment Gateway
3 6 (0.33%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 4 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.16%) WebTrends
6 2 (0.11%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.11%) nopCommerce
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.055%) SAP ERP
7 1 (0.055%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 404 (22.05%) Azure
2 277 (15.12%) AWS
3 203 (11.08%) SaaS
4 146 (7.97%) GitHub
5 112 (6.11%) GCP
6 66 (3.60%) Serverless
7 54 (2.95%) Figma
8 51 (2.78%) Google Analytics
9 45 (2.46%) npm
10 42 (2.29%) Amazon Kinesis
11 36 (1.97%) AWS Lambda
12 33 (1.80%) Power Platform
13 23 (1.26%) GitHub Actions
14 21 (1.15%) AWS Fargate
15 20 (1.09%) Microsoft 365
16 14 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 13 (0.71%) Amazon S3
17 13 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
17 13 (0.71%) OpenShift
17 13 (0.71%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 50 (2.73%) HTTP
2 18 (0.98%) DNS
3 17 (0.93%) SSH
4 13 (0.71%) Broadband
5 12 (0.66%) FTP
6 10 (0.55%) SSL
6 10 (0.55%) TCP/IP
7 9 (0.49%) Intranet
7 9 (0.49%) SNA
8 8 (0.44%) Internet
9 6 (0.33%) MQTT
10 4 (0.22%) VPN
11 1 (0.055%) Network Security
11 1 (0.055%) NFC
11 1 (0.055%) VoIP
11 1 (0.055%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 380 (20.74%) MySQL
2 241 (13.16%) SQL Server
3 101 (5.51%) PostgreSQL
4 75 (4.09%) Relational Database
5 69 (3.77%) NoSQL
6 67 (3.66%) Redis
7 65 (3.55%) MariaDB
8 54 (2.95%) Big Data
9 48 (2.62%) HBase
10 42 (2.29%) MongoDB
11 32 (1.75%) GIS
12 27 (1.47%) Power BI
13 22 (1.20%) QGIS
14 20 (1.09%) SQLite
15 13 (0.71%) Oracle Database
16 12 (0.66%) RDBMS
17 9 (0.49%) Amazon RDS
17 9 (0.49%) SQL Server 2012
18 8 (0.44%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 8 (0.44%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 452 (24.67%) Git (software)
2 191 (10.43%) Jenkins
3 116 (6.33%) JIRA
4 83 (4.53%) webpack
5 71 (3.88%) IntelliJ
6 69 (3.77%) Cypress.io
7 67 (3.66%) JUnit
8 61 (3.33%) Cucumber
9 57 (3.11%) Protractor
9 57 (3.11%) Storybook
10 53 (2.89%) Gradle
11 51 (2.78%) Eclipse
12 50 (2.73%) Mockito
13 48 (2.62%) Sonatype Nexus
14 43 (2.35%) SonarQube
15 41 (2.24%) Visual Studio
16 36 (1.97%) Subversion
17 35 (1.91%) Artifactory
17 35 (1.91%) GitLab
18 33 (1.80%) Mocha
General
1 240 (13.10%) Social Skills
2 216 (11.79%) Finance
3 170 (9.28%) Marketing
4 81 (4.42%) Retail
5 71 (3.88%) Banking
6 70 (3.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
7 59 (3.22%) Law
8 48 (2.62%) Analytical Skills
9 42 (2.29%) Manufacturing
10 40 (2.18%) Organisational Skills
11 33 (1.80%) Games
12 27 (1.47%) Electronics
13 18 (0.98%) Publishing
14 17 (0.93%) Back Office
15 12 (0.66%) Local Government
15 12 (0.66%) Telecoms
16 11 (0.60%) Public Sector
17 10 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
18 9 (0.49%) Financial Institution
18 9 (0.49%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,451 (79.20%) Developer
2 259 (14.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 254 (13.86%) Software Developer
4 240 (13.10%) Senior Developer
5 233 (12.72%) PHP Developer
6 226 (12.34%) Full Stack Developer
7 219 (11.95%) Software Engineer
8 177 (9.66%) .NET Developer
9 133 (7.26%) C# Developer
10 111 (6.06%) JavaScript Developer
11 105 (5.73%) Web Developer
12 101 (5.51%) Java Developer
13 90 (4.91%) React Developer
14 81 (4.42%) C# .NET Developer
15 72 (3.93%) Junior
16 65 (3.55%) C# Software Developer
17 56 (3.06%) Junior Developer
18 55 (3.00%) SQL Developer
19 54 (2.95%) Senior Front-End Developer
20 50 (2.73%) Trainee
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,689 (92.19%) HTML
2 688 (37.55%) React
3 528 (28.82%) AngularJS
4 519 (28.33%) .NET
5 437 (23.85%) HTML5
6 366 (19.98%) jQuery
7 322 (17.58%) CSS3
8 285 (15.56%) Node.js
9 260 (14.19%) RESTful
10 230 (12.55%) ASP.NET
11 207 (11.30%) Sass
12 199 (10.86%) .NET Core
13 182 (9.93%) REST
14 179 (9.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 178 (9.72%) Web Services
16 172 (9.39%) Vue.js
17 167 (9.12%) .NET Framework
18 158 (8.62%) JSON
19 152 (8.30%) Laravel
20 129 (7.04%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 329 (17.96%) User Experience
2 130 (7.10%) Greenfield Project
3 106 (5.79%) Self-Motivation
4 77 (4.20%) Data Structures
5 75 (4.09%) Mobile App
6 48 (2.62%) Linux Command Line
7 38 (2.07%) Legacy Code
8 32 (1.75%) Algorithms
8 32 (1.75%) e-Learning
9 30 (1.64%) Legacy Systems
10 26 (1.42%) Virtual Team
11 21 (1.15%) iPad
12 20 (1.09%) Social Network
13 18 (0.98%) Management Information System
14 14 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
14 14 (0.76%) Learning Management System
14 14 (0.76%) Smartphone
15 12 (0.66%) Animation
15 12 (0.66%) iSeries
16 10 (0.55%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 235 (12.83%) Linux
2 81 (4.42%) Android
3 80 (4.37%) Apple iOS
4 61 (3.33%) Unix
5 38 (2.07%) Windows
6 27 (1.47%) Ubuntu
7 15 (0.82%) Windows Server
8 5 (0.27%) Debian
9 2 (0.11%) CentOS
10 1 (0.055%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 752 (41.05%) Agile Software Development
2 525 (28.66%) Full Stack Development
3 377 (20.58%) Front End Development
4 365 (19.92%) MVC
5 361 (19.71%) Software Engineering
6 339 (18.50%) Web Development
7 298 (16.27%) TDD
8 287 (15.67%) OO
9 258 (14.08%) Unit Testing
10 255 (13.92%) DevOps
11 252 (13.76%) Scrum
12 232 (12.66%) CI/CD
13 229 (12.50%) OOP
14 212 (11.57%) Computer Science
15 203 (11.08%) Problem-Solving
16 187 (10.21%) E-Commerce
17 182 (9.93%) Microservices
18 156 (8.52%) Artificial Intelligence
19 150 (8.19%) UX Design
20 129 (7.04%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,555 (84.88%) JavaScript
2 602 (32.86%) C#
3 438 (23.91%) PHP
4 429 (23.42%) SQL
5 337 (18.40%) Java
6 245 (13.37%) Python
7 225 (12.28%) TypeScript
8 70 (3.82%) Java 8
9 66 (3.60%) Groovy
10 61 (3.33%) C
11 50 (2.73%) PHP 7
12 49 (2.67%) Shell Script
13 47 (2.57%) C++
14 40 (2.18%) ES6
15 39 (2.13%) VB.NET
16 38 (2.07%) T-SQL
17 35 (1.91%) Ruby
18 30 (1.64%) Objective-C
19 25 (1.36%) Scala
20 22 (1.20%) Go
Qualifications
1 341 (18.61%) Degree
2 128 (6.99%) Computer Science Degree
3 94 (5.13%) OCP
3 94 (5.13%) Oracle Certification
4 49 (2.67%) CIW
4 49 (2.67%) OCA
5 43 (2.35%) Security Cleared
6 39 (2.13%) SC Cleared
7 21 (1.15%) Numerate Degree
8 14 (0.76%) DBS Check
9 13 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
10 6 (0.33%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.22%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
12 2 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
12 2 (0.11%) MBA
13 1 (0.055%) DV Cleared
13 1 (0.055%) ITIL Certification
13 1 (0.055%) NVQ Level 3
13 1 (0.055%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (4.59%) QA
2 79 (4.31%) Accessibility
3 29 (1.58%) WCAG
4 21 (1.15%) GDPR
5 8 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.27%) Data Quality
7 4 (0.22%) SLA
8 3 (0.16%) WAI
9 2 (0.11%) ISO 13485
10 1 (0.055%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 193 (10.53%) Docker
2 55 (3.00%) VMware Infrastructure
3 48 (2.62%) HDFS
4 14 (0.76%) Active Directory
4 14 (0.76%) KVM
5 3 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.055%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 70 (3.82%) Kubernetes
2 51 (2.78%) Ansible
3 29 (1.58%) Terraform
4 17 (0.93%) Kibana
5 15 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
6 14 (0.76%) Consul
6 14 (0.76%) Packer
7 5 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
7 5 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
7 5 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
8 4 (0.22%) HP UCMDB
9 1 (0.055%) Active Directory Federation Services
9 1 (0.055%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
9 1 (0.055%) OpenNebula
9 1 (0.055%) Puppet
9 1 (0.055%) SCCM
9 1 (0.055%) vRealize
Vendors
1 210 (11.46%) Microsoft
2 107 (5.84%) Adobe
3 74 (4.04%) Oracle
4 71 (3.88%) Google
5 64 (3.49%) VMware
6 56 (3.06%) Okta
7 51 (2.78%) Xamarin
8 48 (2.62%) WooCommerce
9 31 (1.69%) Zend
10 22 (1.20%) Telerik
11 18 (0.98%) IBM
12 17 (0.93%) Salesforce.com
12 17 (0.93%) Sitecore
13 15 (0.82%) ServiceNow
14 9 (0.49%) YouTube
15 7 (0.38%) Atlassian
16 6 (0.33%) CA Agile Central
16 6 (0.33%) HP
17 5 (0.27%) Sage
17 5 (0.27%) Spotify