Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > South East
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 15 12 17
Rank change year-on-year -3 +5 -5
Permanent jobs citing CSS 2,082 1,077 2,878
As % of all permanent jobs advertised in the South East 11.72% 13.66% 11.33%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.90% 30.31% 29.34%
Number of salaries quoted 1,527 990 2,618
10th Percentile £31,250 £30,000 £27,500
25th Percentile £36,250 £37,500 £32,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £47,500 £50,000 £45,000
Median % change year-on-year -5.00% +11.11% -
75th Percentile £60,000 £61,250 £55,000
90th Percentile £67,500 £70,000 £64,250
England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £47,500
% change year-on-year - +5.26% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 7,205 3,553 9,808
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in the South East 40.55% 45.06% 38.62%
Number of salaries quoted 5,238 3,108 8,519
10th Percentile £33,750 £32,500 £29,750
25th Percentile £42,000 £41,688 £37,500
Median annual salary (50th Percentile) £52,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
75th Percentile £66,250 £65,000 £62,500
90th Percentile £78,750 £75,000 £72,500
England median annual salary £60,000 £57,500 £55,000
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% +4.76%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Trend in the South East

3-month moving average salary quoted in jobs citing CSS in the South East.

Salary trend for CSS in the South East

CSS
Salary Histogram in the South East

Salary distribution for jobs citing CSS in the South East over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Salary histogram for CSS in the South East

CSS
Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the South East region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hampshire +5 827 £43,500 -3.33% 78
Thames Valley -4 563 £50,000 -4.76% 87
Berkshire -9 321 £55,000 - 32
East Sussex +3 235 £46,250 +15.63% 20
Surrey -18 222 £47,500 -11.21% 32
West Sussex -1 142 £47,500 -9.52% 15
Buckinghamshire 0 123 £41,000 -13.68% 39
Oxfordshire -3 119 £50,000 - 16
Kent -9 75 £45,000 +12.50% 36
Sussex - 9 £35,000 -
Home Counties - 1 £85,000 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the South East region with a requirement for CSS.

1 1,788 (85.88%) HTML
2 1,664 (79.92%) JavaScript
3 943 (45.29%) Agile Software Development
4 876 (42.07%) React
5 768 (36.89%) AngularJS
6 654 (31.41%) C#
7 643 (30.88%) .NET
8 613 (29.44%) Full Stack Development
9 598 (28.72%) Git (software)
10 517 (24.83%) SQL
11 506 (24.30%) User Experience
12 496 (23.82%) Front End Development
13 476 (22.86%) Azure
14 475 (22.81%) PHP
15 472 (22.67%) Node.js
16 458 (22.00%) Degree
17 456 (21.90%) MVC
18 451 (21.66%) Software Engineering
19 437 (20.99%) Web Development
20 432 (20.75%) jQuery
21 427 (20.51%) HTML5
22 390 (18.73%) Java
23 379 (18.20%) Unit Testing
24 377 (18.11%) Scrum
25 376 (18.06%) RESTful
26 373 (17.92%) MySQL
27 369 (17.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
28 366 (17.58%) TDD
29 359 (17.24%) Microservices
30 358 (17.20%) DevOps

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 233 (11.19%) CMS
2 216 (10.37%) Apache
3 184 (8.84%) GemFire
3 184 (8.84%) WordPress
4 181 (8.69%) Apache Spark
5 40 (1.92%) Confluence
5 40 (1.92%) Umbraco
6 38 (1.83%) IIS
7 33 (1.59%) Drupal
8 29 (1.39%) EPiServer
8 29 (1.39%) Joomla!
8 29 (1.39%) SharePoint
9 25 (1.20%) nginx
10 16 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
10 16 (0.77%) Tomcat
11 14 (0.67%) Kentico
12 13 (0.62%) Apache Solr
12 13 (0.62%) MODX
13 10 (0.48%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.34%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 54 (2.59%) Figma
2 38 (1.83%) InVision
3 34 (1.63%) Sketch
4 29 (1.39%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.96%) Campfire
6 17 (0.82%) Microsoft Office
7 13 (0.62%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 13 (0.62%) Adobe XD
8 12 (0.58%) Zeplin
9 10 (0.48%) InDesign
10 9 (0.43%) Adobe Illustrator
10 9 (0.43%) GIMP
10 9 (0.43%) MS Visio
11 6 (0.29%) UXPin
12 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
13 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
14 2 (0.096%) Chatbot
15 1 (0.048%) Acrobat
15 1 (0.048%) Marvel
15 1 (0.048%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 57 (2.74%) Magento
2 20 (0.96%) Payment Gateway
3 12 (0.58%) Shopify
4 10 (0.48%) WebTrends
5 5 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
5 5 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 3 (0.14%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.14%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.096%) nopCommerce
8 2 (0.096%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 476 (22.86%) Azure
2 312 (14.99%) AWS
3 242 (11.62%) GitHub
4 187 (8.98%) SaaS
5 126 (6.05%) Amazon Kinesis
6 113 (5.43%) GCP
7 62 (2.98%) npm
8 40 (1.92%) OpenShift
9 29 (1.39%) Google Analytics
10 20 (0.96%) Microsoft 365
11 19 (0.91%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 19 (0.91%) Power Platform
12 17 (0.82%) PaaS
13 16 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
13 16 (0.77%) GitHub Actions
14 13 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
14 13 (0.62%) Yarn
15 12 (0.58%) Serverless
16 11 (0.53%) Power Automate
16 11 (0.53%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 34 (1.63%) DNS
2 32 (1.54%) HTTP
3 20 (0.96%) Broadband
4 10 (0.48%) MQTT
5 9 (0.43%) SSL
6 8 (0.38%) Internet
7 7 (0.34%) TCP/IP
8 3 (0.14%) VPN
9 2 (0.096%) Intranet
9 2 (0.096%) WEP
10 1 (0.048%) 4G
10 1 (0.048%) 5G
10 1 (0.048%) FTP
10 1 (0.048%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.048%) Network Security
10 1 (0.048%) SMS
10 1 (0.048%) VoIP
10 1 (0.048%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 373 (17.92%) MySQL
2 301 (14.46%) SQL Server
3 217 (10.42%) NoSQL
4 214 (10.28%) Relational Database
5 206 (9.89%) MariaDB
6 195 (9.37%) PostgreSQL
7 193 (9.27%) Redis
8 181 (8.69%) HBase
9 139 (6.68%) Big Data
10 37 (1.78%) MongoDB
11 18 (0.86%) Oracle Database
12 17 (0.82%) Azure SQL Database
13 16 (0.77%) Power BI
14 12 (0.58%) Hadoop
15 11 (0.53%) RDBMS
15 11 (0.53%) SQLite
16 8 (0.38%) Couchbase
16 8 (0.38%) Data Warehouse
17 7 (0.34%) Apache Hive
17 7 (0.34%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 598 (28.72%) Git (software)
2 291 (13.98%) Jenkins
3 220 (10.57%) Cypress.io
4 213 (10.23%) JUnit
5 210 (10.09%) Protractor
5 210 (10.09%) Storybook
6 203 (9.75%) Cucumber
7 195 (9.37%) IntelliJ
8 188 (9.03%) Eclipse
8 188 (9.03%) Gradle
9 184 (8.84%) Sonatype Nexus
10 176 (8.45%) Mockito
11 126 (6.05%) Artifactory
12 123 (5.91%) JIRA
13 101 (4.85%) webpack
14 96 (4.61%) SonarQube
15 82 (3.94%) Visual Studio
16 51 (2.45%) Bitbucket
17 36 (1.73%) Grunt
18 35 (1.68%) gulp
General
1 345 (16.57%) Finance
2 312 (14.99%) Social Skills
3 219 (10.52%) Law
4 213 (10.23%) Banking
4 213 (10.23%) Inclusion and Diversity
5 130 (6.24%) Marketing
6 93 (4.47%) Retail
7 60 (2.88%) Analytical Skills
8 26 (1.25%) Games
9 21 (1.01%) Manufacturing
9 21 (1.01%) Publishing
10 19 (0.91%) Electronics
11 16 (0.77%) Organisational Skills
12 15 (0.72%) Public Sector
13 12 (0.58%) Telecoms
14 11 (0.53%) Local Government
15 9 (0.43%) Automotive
15 9 (0.43%) Police
16 8 (0.38%) Presentation Skills
17 6 (0.29%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,578 (75.79%) Developer
2 374 (17.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 265 (12.73%) Senior Developer
4 262 (12.58%) PHP Developer
5 254 (12.20%) Software Engineer
6 242 (11.62%) Software Developer
7 218 (10.47%) .NET Developer
8 214 (10.28%) Full Stack Developer
9 196 (9.41%) C# Developer
10 130 (6.24%) Web Developer
11 124 (5.96%) C# .NET Developer
12 118 (5.67%) React Developer
13 99 (4.76%) Principal Engineer
13 99 (4.76%) Principal Software Engineer
14 97 (4.66%) Java Developer
15 84 (4.03%) JavaScript Developer
16 82 (3.94%) Junior
17 74 (3.55%) Junior Developer
18 73 (3.51%) C# Software Developer
19 72 (3.46%) Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,788 (85.88%) HTML
2 876 (42.07%) React
3 768 (36.89%) AngularJS
4 643 (30.88%) .NET
5 472 (22.67%) Node.js
6 432 (20.75%) jQuery
7 427 (20.51%) HTML5
8 376 (18.06%) RESTful
9 369 (17.72%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 311 (14.94%) CSS3
11 293 (14.07%) Redux
12 291 (13.98%) ASP.NET
13 268 (12.87%) Web Services
14 260 (12.49%) Spring
15 254 (12.20%) JSON
16 245 (11.77%) .NET Core
17 243 (11.67%) REST
18 231 (11.10%) Express
19 229 (11.00%) Sass
20 208 (9.99%) Tailwind CSS
Miscellaneous
1 506 (24.30%) User Experience
2 187 (8.98%) Linux Command Line
3 163 (7.83%) Greenfield Project
4 149 (7.16%) Self-Motivation
5 79 (3.79%) Mobile App
6 32 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
7 27 (1.30%) Algorithms
7 27 (1.30%) Legacy Code
8 25 (1.20%) e-Learning
9 24 (1.15%) Legacy Systems
9 24 (1.15%) Virtual Team
10 17 (0.82%) iPad
11 15 (0.72%) Smartphone
12 14 (0.67%) Management Information System
13 13 (0.62%) Learning Management System
13 13 (0.62%) Life Science
14 12 (0.58%) Animation
15 11 (0.53%) N-Tier
16 9 (0.43%) Tandem
17 8 (0.38%) Digital Media
Operating Systems
1 325 (15.61%) Linux
2 202 (9.70%) Unix
3 92 (4.42%) Android
4 90 (4.32%) Apple iOS
5 89 (4.27%) Windows
6 25 (1.20%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.43%) VMS
8 7 (0.34%) Ubuntu
9 2 (0.096%) Windows 10
9 2 (0.096%) Windows Server 2019
10 1 (0.048%) CentOS
10 1 (0.048%) SUSE
10 1 (0.048%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 943 (45.29%) Agile Software Development
2 613 (29.44%) Full Stack Development
3 496 (23.82%) Front End Development
4 456 (21.90%) MVC
5 451 (21.66%) Software Engineering
6 437 (20.99%) Web Development
7 379 (18.20%) Unit Testing
8 377 (18.11%) Scrum
9 366 (17.58%) TDD
10 359 (17.24%) Microservices
11 358 (17.20%) DevOps
12 344 (16.52%) OO
13 338 (16.23%) Computer Science
14 207 (9.94%) Cross-Browser Testing
14 207 (9.94%) Problem-Solving
15 205 (9.85%) OOP
16 203 (9.75%) Digital Banking
17 190 (9.13%) E-Commerce
18 186 (8.93%) Validation
19 174 (8.36%) Business Continuity
Programming Languages
1 1,664 (79.92%) JavaScript
2 654 (31.41%) C#
3 517 (24.83%) SQL
4 475 (22.81%) PHP
5 390 (18.73%) Java
6 282 (13.54%) TypeScript
7 246 (11.82%) Python
8 187 (8.98%) Groovy
9 182 (8.74%) Shell Script
10 80 (3.84%) T-SQL
11 55 (2.64%) ES6
12 47 (2.26%) PHP 7
13 34 (1.63%) C
14 33 (1.59%) Ruby
15 29 (1.39%) VB.NET
16 23 (1.10%) C++
17 19 (0.91%) PL/SQL
18 18 (0.86%) PHP 5
18 18 (0.86%) VB
19 14 (0.67%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 458 (22.00%) Degree
2 174 (8.36%) OCP
2 174 (8.36%) Oracle Certification
3 111 (5.33%) Computer Science Degree
4 31 (1.49%) Master's Degree
5 26 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
5 26 (1.25%) Security Cleared
6 17 (0.82%) SC Cleared
7 15 (0.72%) AWS Certification
8 10 (0.48%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.24%) BPSS Clearance
10 4 (0.19%) DBS Check
10 4 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 2 (0.096%) HND
11 2 (0.096%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.096%) MBA
12 1 (0.048%) DV Cleared
12 1 (0.048%) ISEB
12 1 (0.048%) ISTQB
12 1 (0.048%) NVQ Level 3
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (4.42%) QA
2 63 (3.03%) Accessibility
3 38 (1.83%) WCAG
4 20 (0.96%) GDPR
5 6 (0.29%) WAI
6 5 (0.24%) Actionable Recommendations
6 5 (0.24%) ISO 13485
7 3 (0.14%) SLA
8 1 (0.048%) Data Quality
System Software
1 181 (8.69%) HDFS
2 144 (6.92%) Docker
3 132 (6.34%) VMware Infrastructure
4 10 (0.48%) Active Directory
5 7 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 4 (0.19%) KVM
7 3 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
8 1 (0.048%) Virtual Servers
8 1 (0.048%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 187 (8.98%) Ansible
2 67 (3.22%) Kubernetes
3 66 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
4 12 (0.58%) Terraform
5 10 (0.48%) Kibana
6 9 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
7 7 (0.34%) Active Directory Federation Services
8 4 (0.19%) Consul
8 4 (0.19%) Packer
8 4 (0.19%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (0.14%) HP UCMDB
9 3 (0.14%) OpenNebula
10 1 (0.048%) Computer Emergency Response Teams
10 1 (0.048%) Grafana
10 1 (0.048%) Puppet
10 1 (0.048%) vRealize
Vendors
1 207 (9.94%) Okta
1 207 (9.94%) VMware
2 169 (8.12%) Microsoft
3 133 (6.39%) Adobe
4 58 (2.79%) Google
5 48 (2.31%) Xamarin
6 47 (2.26%) Oracle
7 45 (2.16%) WooCommerce
8 31 (1.49%) Zend
9 23 (1.10%) Telerik
10 17 (0.82%) Atlassian
11 14 (0.67%) ServiceNow
11 14 (0.67%) Sitecore
12 12 (0.58%) Salesforce.com
13 10 (0.48%) IBM
14 9 (0.43%) Sage
15 8 (0.38%) Splunk
16 7 (0.34%) Omniture
16 7 (0.34%) Remedy
17 6 (0.29%) Spotify