Period
to 19 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 19 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
England > South East
6 months to
19 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 291 344 370
Rank change year-on-year +53 +26 +6
Contract jobs citing JPA 88 30 31
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 0.52% 0.19% 0.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.63% 0.68% 0.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 24 23
South East median daily rate £425 £481 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.69% +20.31% +23.08%
10th Percentile £400 £335 £333
90th Percentile £525 £571 £519
England median daily rate £480 £440 £438
% change year-on-year +9.09% +0.57% +12.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 2
South East median hourly rate - - £44.75
England median hourly rate - £52.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year - +38.16% -5.00%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the South East with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
South East
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 5,401 4,399 4,848
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the South East 31.69% 27.43% 26.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,465 2,687 3,173
South East median daily rate £425 £408 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.29% +1.88% +6.67%
10th Percentile £312 £294 £275
90th Percentile £575 £544 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 104 86 116
South East median hourly rate £42.50 £42.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.58% +6.88% +14.29%
10th Percentile £10.74 £13.13 £12.25
90th Percentile £54.63 £55.75 £54.13
England median hourly rate £41.52 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.51% +8.00% +4.17%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in the South East

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the South East.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in the South East

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in the South East.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in the South East

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the South East

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in the South East over the 6 months to 19 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in the South East

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the South East

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in the South East.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in the South East

JPA
Contract Job Locations in the South East

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the South East region over the 6 months to 19 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Surrey - 30 £425 - 1
Hampshire +13 26 £425 - 3
West Sussex +3 17 £483 -5.67% 2
Thames Valley -17 9 £438 +10.76% 1
East Sussex - 5 £500 - 1
Berkshire -11 4 £450 +14.36%
Buckinghamshire +6 3 - -
Oxfordshire -4 2 £415 -5.14% 1
Sussex - 1 £438 -
JPA
England

For the 6 months to 19 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the South East region with a requirement for JPA.

1 88 (100.00%) Java
2 68 (77.27%) Hibernate
3 63 (71.59%) Spring
4 53 (60.23%) Web Services
5 52 (59.09%) Jenkins
6 51 (57.95%) Oracle
7 46 (52.27%) Java 8
8 40 (45.45%) EJB
9 37 (42.05%) Agile Software Development
10 34 (38.64%) EJB 3.0
10 34 (38.64%) RESTful
11 33 (37.50%) REST
11 33 (37.50%) JSP
12 32 (36.36%) SOAP
12 32 (36.36%) JMS
12 32 (36.36%) Unit Testing
13 31 (35.23%) PostgreSQL
13 31 (35.23%) Linux
14 30 (34.09%) Git (software)
14 30 (34.09%) Oracle Database
15 28 (31.82%) Scrum
16 27 (30.68%) Spring Boot
17 26 (29.55%) Tomcat
18 25 (28.41%) Enterprise Software
19 24 (27.27%) Test Automation
20 23 (26.14%) SQL
21 21 (23.86%) MVC
21 21 (23.86%) SOA
21 21 (23.86%) JAX-RS
22 20 (22.73%) Relational Database

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in the South East by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (29.55%) Tomcat
2 17 (19.32%) GlassFish
2 17 (19.32%) WebLogic
3 15 (17.05%) Liferay
4 13 (14.77%) Apache
5 10 (11.36%) GemFire
6 7 (7.95%) Mule
7 6 (6.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 4 (4.55%) Apache Solr
9 3 (3.41%) Confluence
10 2 (2.27%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (2.27%) JBoss
10 2 (2.27%) Jetty
10 2 (2.27%) Oracle Workflow
10 2 (2.27%) WildFly
11 1 (1.14%) Alfresco
11 1 (1.14%) Joomla!
Applications
1 7 (7.95%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (2.27%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 8 (9.09%) OpenShift
2 2 (2.27%) Serverless
3 1 (1.14%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (12.50%) TCP/IP
2 1 (1.14%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (35.23%) PostgreSQL
2 30 (34.09%) Oracle Database
3 20 (22.73%) Relational Database
4 17 (19.32%) Oracle Database 12c
5 14 (15.91%) RDBMS
6 12 (13.64%) MongoDB
7 9 (10.23%) Big Data
8 7 (7.95%) HBase
8 7 (7.95%) SQL Server
9 4 (4.55%) NoSQL
10 3 (3.41%) MySQL
11 2 (2.27%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (2.27%) Couchbase
11 2 (2.27%) Hadoop
11 2 (2.27%) Oracle Database 10g
11 2 (2.27%) Oracle Database 11g
11 2 (2.27%) Redis
11 2 (2.27%) Riak
12 1 (1.14%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 52 (59.09%) Jenkins
2 30 (34.09%) Git (software)
3 19 (21.59%) Selenium
4 18 (20.45%) JIRA
5 16 (18.18%) Mockito
6 14 (15.91%) JUnit
6 14 (15.91%) Maven
7 10 (11.36%) Cucumber
8 9 (10.23%) Gradle
9 8 (9.09%) Subversion
10 7 (7.95%) Cobertura
11 5 (5.68%) Ant
11 5 (5.68%) Liquibase
12 4 (4.55%) MSBuild
12 4 (4.55%) NUnit
12 4 (4.55%) Sonatype Nexus
12 4 (4.55%) Team Foundation Server
12 4 (4.55%) Vagrant
12 4 (4.55%) Visual Studio
12 4 (4.55%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 11 (12.50%) Finance
2 2 (2.27%) Retail
3 1 (1.14%) Banking
Job Titles
1 83 (94.32%) Developer
2 72 (81.82%) Java Developer
3 24 (27.27%) Senior Developer
3 24 (27.27%) Senior Java Developer
4 9 (10.23%) JSP Developer
5 7 (7.95%) Software Engineer
6 5 (5.68%) Agile Developer
6 5 (5.68%) Agile Java Developer
6 5 (5.68%) Java Engineer
6 5 (5.68%) Java Software Engineer
6 5 (5.68%) Senior Java Engineer
6 5 (5.68%) Senior Java Software Engineer
6 5 (5.68%) Senior Software Engineer
7 4 (4.55%) AWS Developer
7 4 (4.55%) AWS Engineer
7 4 (4.55%) AWS Software Engineer
7 4 (4.55%) Developer/Software Engineer
7 4 (4.55%) e-Learning Developer
7 4 (4.55%) Full Stack Developer
7 4 (4.55%) Solr Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 68 (77.27%) Hibernate
2 63 (71.59%) Spring
3 53 (60.23%) Web Services
4 40 (45.45%) EJB
5 34 (38.64%) EJB 3.0
5 34 (38.64%) RESTful
6 33 (37.50%) JSP
6 33 (37.50%) REST
7 32 (36.36%) JMS
7 32 (36.36%) SOAP
8 27 (30.68%) Spring Boot
9 21 (23.86%) JAX-RS
10 19 (21.59%) Java EE
10 19 (21.59%) JAXB
10 19 (21.59%) Struts
10 19 (21.59%) XML
11 16 (18.18%) AngularJS
11 16 (18.18%) XSLT
12 15 (17.05%) EclipseLink
12 15 (17.05%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 25 (28.41%) Enterprise Software
2 8 (9.09%) Computer Science
3 7 (7.95%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (7.95%) Clustering
4 4 (4.55%) e-Learning
5 2 (2.27%) Fat Client
5 2 (2.27%) Thin Client
6 1 (1.14%) RIA
6 1 (1.14%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 31 (35.23%) Linux
2 17 (19.32%) Unix
3 10 (11.36%) Android
4 8 (9.09%) Apple iOS
5 3 (3.41%) Windows
6 2 (2.27%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 37 (42.05%) Agile Software Development
2 32 (36.36%) Unit Testing
3 28 (31.82%) Scrum
4 24 (27.27%) Test Automation
5 21 (23.86%) MVC
5 21 (23.86%) SOA
6 20 (22.73%) Continuous Integration
7 19 (21.59%) SDLC
8 18 (20.45%) Microservices
8 18 (20.45%) TDD
9 14 (15.91%) Software Engineering
10 11 (12.50%) BDD
10 11 (12.50%) Multithreading
11 10 (11.36%) Integration Testing
11 10 (11.36%) OWASP
11 10 (11.36%) System Testing
12 8 (9.09%) API Development
13 7 (7.95%) Continuous Delivery
13 7 (7.95%) Scaled Agile Framework
14 6 (6.82%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 88 (100.00%) Java
2 46 (52.27%) Java 8
3 23 (26.14%) SQL
4 17 (19.32%) PL/SQL
5 14 (15.91%) Shell Script
6 10 (11.36%) JavaScript
7 4 (4.55%) C#
7 4 (4.55%) Python
7 4 (4.55%) XAML
8 3 (3.41%) VBA
9 2 (2.27%) C++
10 1 (1.14%) Kotlin
Qualifications
1 15 (17.05%) Degree
2 7 (7.95%) Numerate Degree
3 5 (5.68%) SC Cleared
3 5 (5.68%) Security Cleared
4 2 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (7.95%) QA
System Software
1 10 (11.36%) Docker
2 4 (4.55%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 15 (17.05%) HP ALM
2 11 (12.50%) Ansible
2 11 (12.50%) Puppet
3 7 (7.95%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (2.27%) Cobbler
4 2 (2.27%) Kibana
4 2 (2.27%) logstash
5 1 (1.14%) SELinux
Vendors
1 51 (57.95%) Oracle
2 15 (17.05%) HP
3 7 (7.95%) Microsoft
4 4 (4.55%) IBM
5 3 (3.41%) Apple
6 1 (1.14%) SAP