Period
to 30 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 30 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
30 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 505 626 544
Rank change year-on-year +121 -82 -22
Contract jobs citing JPA 78 182 333
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.19% 0.22% 0.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.61% 0.67% 1.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 54 131 258
Median daily rate £525 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% - +8.57%
10th Percentile £407 £353 £375
90th Percentile £638 £575 £571
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate - - -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 12,795 27,340 30,819
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 30.77% 32.93% 33.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,763 19,279 21,867
Median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £338 £340 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £475
% change year-on-year +2.04% +3.16% +8.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 276 330
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £42.27
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +4.11% +3.09%
10th Percentile £24.30 £18.50 £17.23
90th Percentile £63.00 £61.38 £58.88
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £42.27
% change year-on-year -17.65% +0.56% +4.36%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing JPA in England.

Daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 30 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing JPA in England.

Hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 30 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +141 46 £564 +17.50% 1
Midlands +96 14 £525 +16.67% 2
West Midlands +79 14 £525 +16.67% 1
North of England +81 12 £463 -11.90%
North East - 11 £456 -
South West +49 3 £525 +6.33% 1
South East +107 2 £550 +37.50%
Yorkshire +42 1 £530 -0.47%
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 30 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 78 (100.00%) Java
2 67 (85.90%) Spring
3 50 (64.10%) Jenkins
4 48 (61.54%) Microservices
4 48 (61.54%) Spring Boot
4 48 (61.54%) REST
4 48 (61.54%) Agile Software Development
5 46 (58.97%) Hibernate
6 44 (56.41%) JUnit
7 42 (53.85%) Java 8
8 35 (44.87%) SQL
9 34 (43.59%) SOAP
9 34 (43.59%) Web Services
9 34 (43.59%) TDD
10 33 (42.31%) Maven
11 31 (39.74%) PostgreSQL
11 31 (39.74%) Security Cleared
12 29 (37.18%) AWS
13 28 (35.90%) BDD
14 27 (34.62%) Scrum
14 27 (34.62%) SC Cleared
15 26 (33.33%) Docker
16 23 (29.49%) Git (software)
16 23 (29.49%) RESTful
17 21 (26.92%) SonarQube
17 21 (26.92%) Continuous Integration
18 20 (25.64%) AngularJS
19 19 (24.36%) Amazon EC2
20 18 (23.08%) Amazon RDS
20 18 (23.08%) DevOps

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (11.54%) Tomcat
2 8 (10.26%) JBoss
3 7 (8.97%) Confluence
4 5 (6.41%) Red Hat Fuse
5 4 (5.13%) Apache
6 2 (2.56%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.28%) Apache Spark
7 1 (1.28%) AquaLogic
7 1 (1.28%) CMS
7 1 (1.28%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (1.28%) GeoServer
7 1 (1.28%) Oracle Service Bus
7 1 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (1.28%) WebLogic
7 1 (1.28%) WildFly
Applications
1 3 (3.85%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (1.28%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 29 (37.18%) AWS
2 19 (24.36%) Amazon EC2
3 11 (14.10%) Amazon SQS
4 9 (11.54%) PaaS
5 8 (10.26%) SaaS
6 6 (7.69%) Azure
7 4 (5.13%) OpenShift
8 2 (2.56%) GCP
8 2 (2.56%) IaaS
9 1 (1.28%) Amazon ELB
9 1 (1.28%) Apigee
9 1 (1.28%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.56%) Firewall
1 2 (2.56%) HTTP
2 1 (1.28%) BIG-IP
2 1 (1.28%) NetScaler
2 1 (1.28%) SSH
2 1 (1.28%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 31 (39.74%) PostgreSQL
2 18 (23.08%) Amazon RDS
3 8 (10.26%) SQL Server
4 7 (8.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 3 (3.85%) Big Data
5 3 (3.85%) Oracle Database
6 2 (2.56%) Endeca
6 2 (2.56%) Hadoop
6 2 (2.56%) HBase
7 1 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
7 1 (1.28%) GIS
7 1 (1.28%) NoSQL
7 1 (1.28%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (1.28%) Oracle Database 11g
7 1 (1.28%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (1.28%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 50 (64.10%) Jenkins
2 44 (56.41%) JUnit
3 33 (42.31%) Maven
4 23 (29.49%) Git (software)
5 21 (26.92%) SonarQube
6 16 (20.51%) Mockito
7 11 (14.10%) DbUnit
7 11 (14.10%) jMock
8 10 (12.82%) Cucumber
8 10 (12.82%) Postman
9 9 (11.54%) Gradle
10 8 (10.26%) SoapUI
11 7 (8.97%) JIRA
11 7 (8.97%) Xcode
12 4 (5.13%) Eclipse
12 4 (5.13%) IntelliJ
12 4 (5.13%) Subversion
13 2 (2.56%) Ant
13 2 (2.56%) GitLab
13 2 (2.56%) JMeter
General
1 14 (17.95%) Public Sector
2 11 (14.10%) Banking
3 9 (11.54%) Finance
4 5 (6.41%) Marketing
5 3 (3.85%) Investment Banking
6 2 (2.56%) Retail
7 1 (1.28%) Advertising
7 1 (1.28%) Front Office
Job Titles
1 68 (87.18%) Developer
2 61 (78.21%) Java Developer
3 10 (12.82%) Applications Developer
3 10 (12.82%) SC Cleared Java Developer
4 9 (11.54%) Java Applications Developer
4 9 (11.54%) Senior Developer
4 9 (11.54%) Senior Java Developer
5 7 (8.97%) Architect
5 7 (8.97%) AWS Developer
5 7 (8.97%) Full Stack Developer
5 7 (8.97%) Java Mobile Developer
6 6 (7.69%) Backend Developer
6 6 (7.69%) Mobile Applications Developer
7 5 (6.41%) Solutions Architect
8 3 (3.85%) Java Architect
8 3 (3.85%) Mobile Solutions Architect
8 3 (3.85%) Python Developer
8 3 (3.85%) Web Applications Architect
8 3 (3.85%) Web Applications Developer
8 3 (3.85%) Web Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 67 (85.90%) Spring
2 48 (61.54%) REST
2 48 (61.54%) Spring Boot
3 46 (58.97%) Hibernate
4 34 (43.59%) SOAP
4 34 (43.59%) Web Services
5 23 (29.49%) RESTful
6 20 (25.64%) AngularJS
7 18 (23.08%) J2EE
8 16 (20.51%) Spring Cloud
9 13 (16.67%) React
10 12 (15.38%) ActiveMQ
10 12 (15.38%) JSON
11 11 (14.10%) PowerMock
12 10 (12.82%) Swagger
12 10 (12.82%) XML
13 9 (11.54%) GraphQL
13 9 (11.54%) Java EE
13 9 (11.54%) XSLT
14 8 (10.26%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 9 (11.54%) Enterprise Software
2 8 (10.26%) Mobile App
3 5 (6.41%) Public Cloud
4 4 (5.13%) User Experience
5 3 (3.85%) Algorithms
6 1 (1.28%) Analytical Skills
6 1 (1.28%) DataPower
6 1 (1.28%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 6 (7.69%) Linux
2 3 (3.85%) Unix
3 1 (1.28%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 48 (61.54%) Agile Software Development
1 48 (61.54%) Microservices
2 34 (43.59%) TDD
3 28 (35.90%) BDD
4 27 (34.62%) Scrum
5 21 (26.92%) Continuous Integration
6 18 (23.08%) DevOps
7 15 (19.23%) Multithreading
8 14 (17.95%) Kanban
9 13 (16.67%) Open Source
10 12 (15.38%) BPMN
10 12 (15.38%) Performance Testing
11 10 (12.82%) Migration
12 8 (10.26%) API Testing
12 8 (10.26%) Biometrics
12 8 (10.26%) OOP
12 8 (10.26%) Validation
13 7 (8.97%) Continuous Delivery
13 7 (8.97%) MVC
13 7 (8.97%) Progressive Web App
Programming Languages
1 78 (100.00%) Java
2 42 (53.85%) Java 8
3 35 (44.87%) SQL
4 14 (17.95%) Groovy
5 8 (10.26%) JavaScript
6 3 (3.85%) ES6
6 3 (3.85%) Python
6 3 (3.85%) VB
6 3 (3.85%) VBA
7 2 (2.56%) T-SQL
8 1 (1.28%) C
8 1 (1.28%) PL/SQL
8 1 (1.28%) Ruby
8 1 (1.28%) Scala
8 1 (1.28%) Shell Script
8 1 (1.28%) TypeScript
8 1 (1.28%) XPath
Qualifications
1 31 (39.74%) Security Cleared
2 27 (34.62%) SC Cleared
3 5 (6.41%) DV Cleared
4 1 (1.28%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (1.28%) Degree
4 1 (1.28%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.85%) Data Quality
System Software
1 26 (33.33%) Docker
2 11 (14.10%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 14 (17.95%) Kubernetes
2 1 (1.28%) Ansible
2 1 (1.28%) CA Single Sign-On
2 1 (1.28%) Kibana
2 1 (1.28%) logstash
2 1 (1.28%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 8 (10.26%) Oracle
2 3 (3.85%) IBM
2 3 (3.85%) Microsoft
3 1 (1.28%) Ariba
3 1 (1.28%) BEA
3 1 (1.28%) CA
3 1 (1.28%) Citrix
3 1 (1.28%) Cloudera
3 1 (1.28%) F5
3 1 (1.28%) Google
3 1 (1.28%) Hortonworks
3 1 (1.28%) Red Hat
3 1 (1.28%) SAP