Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 562 650 668
Rank change year-on-year +88 +18 -54
Contract jobs citing JPA 299 227 203
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.32% 0.23% 0.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.98% 0.77% 0.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 217 177 139
England median daily rate £475 £420 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.10% +1.82% -2.94%
10th Percentile £342 £312 £312
90th Percentile £597 £563 £540
UK median daily rate £438 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +9.38% - -5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 2
England median hourly rate £48.75 £38.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.81% -13.89% -
10th Percentile £44.63 £30.75 £42.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £48.75 £38.75 £45.00
% change year-on-year +25.81% -13.89% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30485 29636 30170
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.41% 30.67% 28.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 21696 20704 20910
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 342 509
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% - +10.29%
10th Percentile £18.70 £14.56 £14.98
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +8.70%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +2 125 £513 +2.50% 13
North of England +84 57 £450 +9.76% 12
South East +21 47 £400 - 4
North West +49 41 £450 +12.50% 11
East of England -5 27 £449 +7.49% 3
South West +14 19 £420 +1.51% 4
Midlands +16 17 £400 +4.23% 10
East Midlands 0 15 £400 +5.96% 5
Yorkshire +15 11 £425 -5.56% 1
North East +59 5 £350 +7.69%
West Midlands +22 2 £425 -17.07% 5
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 293 (97.99%) Java
2 212 (70.90%) Spring
3 202 (67.56%) Agile Software Development
4 197 (65.89%) Hibernate
5 164 (54.85%) Web Services
6 156 (52.17%) TDD
7 152 (50.84%) SQL
8 138 (46.15%) REST
9 134 (44.82%) Oracle
10 113 (37.79%) Jenkins
11 101 (33.78%) Maven
12 96 (32.11%) Git (software)
13 91 (30.43%) Java EE
14 89 (29.77%) HTML
15 88 (29.43%) JavaScript
16 85 (28.43%) Spring Boot
17 82 (27.42%) Microservices
18 81 (27.09%) Relational Database
18 81 (27.09%) SOAP
19 80 (26.76%) Linux
19 80 (26.76%) JIRA
20 79 (26.42%) Continuous Integration
21 78 (26.09%) JUnit
22 77 (25.75%) Scrum
23 76 (25.42%) RESTful
24 75 (25.08%) XML
25 72 (24.08%) MVC
26 68 (22.74%) JSON
27 66 (22.07%) EJB
28 63 (21.07%) CSS

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (16.05%) Confluence
2 36 (12.04%) WebLogic
2 36 (12.04%) WebSphere
3 33 (11.04%) Tomcat
4 32 (10.70%) JBoss
5 21 (7.02%) GlassFish
6 16 (5.35%) Apache
7 15 (5.02%) Liferay
7 15 (5.02%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 13 (4.35%) WildFly
9 11 (3.68%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (3.01%) Jetty
10 9 (3.01%) SharePoint
11 8 (2.68%) Apache Solr
11 8 (2.68%) Cloud Foundry
11 8 (2.68%) WebSphere Application Server
12 7 (2.34%) Oracle Workflow
13 5 (1.67%) Apache Spark
14 4 (1.34%) IBM Domino
14 4 (1.34%) IIS
Applications
1 2 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.67%) Microsoft Project
1 2 (0.67%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.67%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (1.34%) Loan IQ
3 2 (0.67%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.33%) BusinessWorks
4 1 (0.33%) Oracle SCM
4 1 (0.33%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 25 (8.36%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (4.68%) GitHub
3 8 (2.68%) Cloud Computing
4 6 (2.01%) Google Cloud Platform
4 6 (2.01%) Microsoft Azure
5 5 (1.67%) Bluemix
5 5 (1.67%) IBM Cloud
5 5 (1.67%) PaaS
5 5 (1.67%) SaaS
6 3 (1.00%) Amazon EC2
6 3 (1.00%) IaaS
7 2 (0.67%) Amazon S3
7 2 (0.67%) Amazon SQS
7 2 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.67%) Google App Engine
7 2 (0.67%) Google Compute Engine
7 2 (0.67%) Serverless
8 1 (0.33%) Firebase
8 1 (0.33%) npm
8 1 (0.33%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 10 (3.34%) LDAP
1 10 (3.34%) SMS
2 8 (2.68%) HTTP
3 6 (2.01%) Firewall
4 5 (1.67%) Internet
5 4 (1.34%) Intranet
6 2 (0.67%) AMQP
6 2 (0.67%) BIG-IP
6 2 (0.67%) NetScaler
6 2 (0.67%) Network Security
6 2 (0.67%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.33%) CTI
7 1 (0.33%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.33%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (27.09%) Relational Database
2 59 (19.73%) RDBMS
3 52 (17.39%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (11.71%) MongoDB
5 33 (11.04%) SQL Server
6 32 (10.70%) MySQL
7 30 (10.03%) Oracle Database
8 25 (8.36%) NoSQL
9 24 (8.03%) Big Data
9 24 (8.03%) HBase
10 21 (7.02%) Hadoop
11 20 (6.69%) Oracle Database 12c
12 13 (4.35%) DB2
13 8 (2.68%) Data Warehouse
13 8 (2.68%) Oracle Database 11g
13 8 (2.68%) Oracle Exadata
13 8 (2.68%) Snowflake Schema
14 7 (2.34%) MariaDB
15 6 (2.01%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
15 6 (2.01%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 113 (37.79%) Jenkins
2 101 (33.78%) Maven
3 96 (32.11%) Git (software)
4 80 (26.76%) JIRA
5 78 (26.09%) JUnit
6 43 (14.38%) Gradle
7 39 (13.04%) Eclipse
8 34 (11.37%) Mockito
9 32 (10.70%) IntelliJ
10 24 (8.03%) Subversion
11 21 (7.02%) JProfiler
12 19 (6.35%) Ant
13 17 (5.69%) Selenium
14 15 (5.02%) SonarQube
15 14 (4.68%) Sonatype Nexus
16 13 (4.35%) Hudson
17 12 (4.01%) SoapUI
18 11 (3.68%) Cucumber
19 8 (2.68%) Flyway
20 7 (2.34%) TeamCity
General
1 61 (20.40%) Finance
2 47 (15.72%) Banking
3 16 (5.35%) Retail
4 11 (3.68%) Marketing
5 8 (2.68%) Telecoms
6 6 (2.01%) Automotive
6 6 (2.01%) Financial Institution
6 6 (2.01%) Manufacturing
7 5 (1.67%) Electronics
7 5 (1.67%) Games
8 3 (1.00%) Investment Banking
8 3 (1.00%) Retail Banking
8 3 (1.00%) Wholesale Banking
9 2 (0.67%) German Language
10 1 (0.33%) Dutch Language
10 1 (0.33%) French Language
10 1 (0.33%) Legal
10 1 (0.33%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.33%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 247 (82.61%) Developer
2 206 (68.90%) Java Developer
3 39 (13.04%) Senior Developer
4 31 (10.37%) Senior Java Developer
5 20 (6.69%) Architect
6 17 (5.69%) J2EE Developer
7 15 (5.02%) WebSphere Developer
8 12 (4.01%) Java Engineer
8 12 (4.01%) Solutions Architect
9 11 (3.68%) Java/J2EE Developer
9 11 (3.68%) Lead Developer
10 10 (3.34%) Software Engineer
11 9 (3.01%) Java Software Engineer
11 9 (3.01%) Lead Java Developer
12 8 (2.68%) Software Developer
13 7 (2.34%) Java Software Developer
13 7 (2.34%) Senior J2EE Developer
13 7 (2.34%) Technical Leader
14 6 (2.01%) Agile Java Developer
14 6 (2.01%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 212 (70.90%) Spring
2 197 (65.89%) Hibernate
3 164 (54.85%) Web Services
4 138 (46.15%) REST
5 91 (30.43%) Java EE
6 89 (29.77%) HTML
7 85 (28.43%) Spring Boot
8 81 (27.09%) SOAP
9 76 (25.42%) RESTful
10 75 (25.08%) XML
11 68 (22.74%) JSON
12 66 (22.07%) EJB
13 63 (21.07%) CSS
14 55 (18.39%) AngularJS
15 49 (16.39%) HTML5
16 48 (16.05%) J2EE
16 48 (16.05%) JSP
17 46 (15.38%) JMS
17 46 (15.38%) Spring MVC
18 35 (11.71%) JAXB
Miscellaneous
1 30 (10.03%) Enterprise Software
2 26 (8.70%) User Experience
3 11 (3.68%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (3.68%) Greenfield Project
3 11 (3.68%) Online Banking
4 9 (3.01%) Computer Science
5 4 (1.34%) Data Structures
5 4 (1.34%) N-Tier
5 4 (1.34%) Public Cloud
6 3 (1.00%) Clustering
6 3 (1.00%) Mobile App
7 2 (0.67%) DataPower
7 2 (0.67%) Fat Client
7 2 (0.67%) PKI
7 2 (0.67%) Thin Client
8 1 (0.33%) Algorithms
8 1 (0.33%) Client/Server
8 1 (0.33%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.33%) Private Cloud
8 1 (0.33%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 80 (26.76%) Linux
2 38 (12.71%) Unix
3 9 (3.01%) Windows
4 8 (2.68%) Mac OS X
5 6 (2.01%) Android
5 6 (2.01%) Apple iOS
5 6 (2.01%) Oracle Linux
6 5 (1.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (1.34%) Windows Server
8 3 (1.00%) HPUX
9 2 (0.67%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.33%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 202 (67.56%) Agile Software Development
2 156 (52.17%) TDD
3 82 (27.42%) Microservices
4 79 (26.42%) Continuous Integration
5 77 (25.75%) Scrum
6 72 (24.08%) MVC
7 63 (21.07%) Test Automation
8 62 (20.74%) BDD
9 60 (20.07%) OO
10 52 (17.39%) Unit Testing
11 50 (16.72%) Data Modelling
12 35 (11.71%) DevOps
12 35 (11.71%) High Availability
13 32 (10.70%) Event-Driven Architecture
13 32 (10.70%) SOA
14 31 (10.37%) Pair Programming
15 29 (9.70%) SDLC
16 26 (8.70%) Open Source
16 26 (8.70%) Performance Testing
16 26 (8.70%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 293 (97.99%) Java
2 152 (50.84%) SQL
3 88 (29.43%) JavaScript
4 34 (11.37%) PL/SQL
5 26 (8.70%) Groovy
6 11 (3.68%) Scala
7 10 (3.34%) Shell Script
8 9 (3.01%) C++
9 8 (2.68%) Python
10 5 (1.67%) C
10 5 (1.67%) R
10 5 (1.67%) T-SQL
11 4 (1.34%) ES6
11 4 (1.34%) VB.NET
12 3 (1.00%) Bash Shell
12 3 (1.00%) Perl
13 1 (0.33%) Assembly Language
13 1 (0.33%) Ruby
13 1 (0.33%) TypeScript
13 1 (0.33%) VC++
Qualifications
1 15 (5.02%) Degree
2 8 (2.68%) Security Cleared
3 6 (2.01%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.67%) CFA
5 2 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (7.02%) QA
2 4 (1.34%) GCP
System Software
1 45 (15.05%) Docker
2 3 (1.00%) HDFS
3 2 (0.67%) OpenAM
3 2 (0.67%) OpenIDM
4 1 (0.33%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 12 (4.01%) Puppet
2 8 (2.68%) Ansible
3 3 (1.00%) Hadoop YARN
4 2 (0.67%) Business Desktop Deployment
4 2 (0.67%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.33%) Kubernetes
5 1 (0.33%) Terraform
Vendors
1 134 (44.82%) Oracle
2 30 (10.03%) Perforce
3 16 (5.35%) HP
3 16 (5.35%) IBM
4 11 (3.68%) CA
5 10 (3.34%) Microsoft
6 9 (3.01%) CA Agile Central
7 8 (2.68%) Red Hat
7 8 (2.68%) SAP
8 4 (1.34%) Sencha
9 3 (1.00%) Adobe
9 3 (1.00%) Cisco
9 3 (1.00%) Google
9 3 (1.00%) Luciad
9 3 (1.00%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.67%) Citrix
10 2 (0.67%) F5
10 2 (0.67%) ForgeRock
10 2 (0.67%) Misys
11 1 (0.33%) Splunk