Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 546 581 624
Rank change year-on-year +35 +43 -39
Contract jobs citing JPA 292 240 227
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.32% 0.27% 0.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.99% 0.85% 0.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 221 185 146
England median daily rate £475 £425 £414
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +2.72% +3.44%
10th Percentile £330 £309 £308
90th Percentile £575 £563 £544
UK median daily rate £438 £420 £420
% change year-on-year +4.23% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 2
England median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -16.67% -
10th Percentile £43.13 £33.50 £42.50
90th Percentile £49.38 £46.25 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £37.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -16.67% -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 29,548 28,316 29,009
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 32.50% 31.74% 29.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,286 19,631 20,220
England median daily rate £475 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £280
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.24% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 318 317 536
England median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £18.68 £15.43 £15.15
90th Percentile £52.50 £51.35 £55.55
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -15 121 £503 +5.68% 43
South East +12 71 £400 - 7
North of England +49 42 £450 +12.50% 10
North West +18 30 £418 +5.70% 6
Midlands +18 26 £400 -5.88% 2
East of England -1 21 £450 +16.13% 12
West Midlands +25 13 £425 -5.56% 1
East Midlands +3 13 £400 -2.44% 1
Yorkshire +9 9 £450 +7.14% 4
South West -13 7 £425 +2.41% 9
North East +45 3 £350 +7.69%
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 289 (98.97%) Java
2 193 (66.10%) Spring
3 191 (65.41%) Hibernate
4 178 (60.96%) Agile Software Development
5 169 (57.88%) Web Services
6 148 (50.68%) TDD
7 144 (49.32%) SQL
8 130 (44.52%) REST
9 127 (43.49%) Oracle
10 116 (39.73%) Jenkins
11 91 (31.16%) Microservices
12 89 (30.48%) EJB
13 88 (30.14%) Spring Boot
14 85 (29.11%) Linux
15 83 (28.42%) Git (software)
16 81 (27.74%) RESTful
17 80 (27.40%) HTML
18 78 (26.71%) MVC
19 77 (26.37%) Relational Database
20 76 (26.03%) Maven
20 76 (26.03%) Java EE
21 74 (25.34%) JavaScript
21 74 (25.34%) SOAP
22 72 (24.66%) PostgreSQL
23 70 (23.97%) Scrum
23 70 (23.97%) BDD
24 64 (21.92%) JIRA
25 61 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
26 60 (20.55%) CSS
27 59 (20.21%) XML

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (15.41%) Confluence
2 41 (14.04%) WebSphere
3 36 (12.33%) GlassFish
4 34 (11.64%) JBoss
4 34 (11.64%) Tomcat
5 31 (10.62%) WebLogic
6 28 (9.59%) Liferay
7 16 (5.48%) Apache
8 14 (4.79%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 13 (4.45%) WebSphere Application Server
10 12 (4.11%) Jetty
10 12 (4.11%) WildFly
11 11 (3.77%) Cloud Foundry
12 10 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
13 8 (2.74%) Apache Solr
14 7 (2.40%) IBM Domino
14 7 (2.40%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (1.71%) SharePoint
15 5 (1.71%) WebSphere Portal
16 4 (1.37%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
1 2 (0.68%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 5 (1.71%) Oracle BPM
2 4 (1.37%) Loan IQ
3 1 (0.34%) Oracle SCM
3 1 (0.34%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 24 (8.22%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (4.79%) Microsoft Azure
3 9 (3.08%) Google Cloud Platform
4 8 (2.74%) GitHub
5 6 (2.05%) PaaS
6 5 (1.71%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (1.37%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (1.37%) SaaS
8 2 (0.68%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
8 2 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
8 2 (0.68%) Bluemix
8 2 (0.68%) Google App Engine
8 2 (0.68%) Google Compute Engine
8 2 (0.68%) IaaS
8 2 (0.68%) IBM Cloud
8 2 (0.68%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 9 (3.08%) HTTP
2 5 (1.71%) Firewall
2 5 (1.71%) Internet
3 4 (1.37%) Intranet
3 4 (1.37%) SMS
4 2 (0.68%) Network Security
5 1 (0.34%) BIG-IP
5 1 (0.34%) NetScaler
5 1 (0.34%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (26.37%) Relational Database
2 72 (24.66%) PostgreSQL
3 48 (16.44%) RDBMS
4 40 (13.70%) Oracle Database
5 34 (11.64%) SQL Server
6 33 (11.30%) Oracle Database 12c
7 31 (10.62%) MySQL
8 27 (9.25%) MongoDB
9 25 (8.56%) Big Data
10 24 (8.22%) Hadoop
11 23 (7.88%) HBase
12 22 (7.53%) NoSQL
13 20 (6.85%) DB2
14 8 (2.74%) Data Warehouse
14 8 (2.74%) MariaDB
14 8 (2.74%) Oracle Exadata
14 8 (2.74%) Snowflake Schema
15 6 (2.05%) Enterprise Data Warehouse
15 6 (2.05%) Oracle Database 11g
16 5 (1.71%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 116 (39.73%) Jenkins
2 83 (28.42%) Git (software)
3 76 (26.03%) Maven
4 64 (21.92%) JIRA
5 58 (19.86%) JUnit
6 41 (14.04%) Gradle
7 33 (11.30%) Eclipse
8 28 (9.59%) Mockito
8 28 (9.59%) Subversion
9 22 (7.53%) IntelliJ
9 22 (7.53%) Selenium
10 21 (7.19%) JProfiler
11 15 (5.14%) Hudson
11 15 (5.14%) SonarQube
12 14 (4.79%) Ant
13 9 (3.08%) Cucumber
14 6 (2.05%) Bitbucket
14 6 (2.05%) SoapUI
14 6 (2.05%) Sonatype Nexus
15 5 (1.71%) Flyway
General
1 38 (13.01%) Banking
1 38 (13.01%) Finance
2 16 (5.48%) Retail
3 7 (2.40%) Games
3 7 (2.40%) Marketing
4 3 (1.03%) Automotive
4 3 (1.03%) Financial Institution
4 3 (1.03%) Retail Banking
4 3 (1.03%) Telecoms
5 2 (0.68%) Advertising
5 2 (0.68%) German Language
5 2 (0.68%) Investment Banking
6 1 (0.34%) Aerospace
6 1 (0.34%) Legal
6 1 (0.34%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.34%) Publishing
6 1 (0.34%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 249 (85.27%) Developer
2 211 (72.26%) Java Developer
3 46 (15.75%) Senior Developer
4 42 (14.38%) Senior Java Developer
5 18 (6.16%) Architect
5 18 (6.16%) WebSphere Developer
6 13 (4.45%) J2EE Developer
7 11 (3.77%) Solutions Architect
8 10 (3.42%) Java/J2EE Developer
9 9 (3.08%) Java Engineer
10 8 (2.74%) Lead Developer
11 7 (2.40%) Lead Java Developer
11 7 (2.40%) Scala Developer
11 7 (2.40%) SQL Developer
12 6 (2.05%) Java Software Engineer
12 6 (2.05%) Software Engineer
13 4 (1.37%) Data Architect
13 4 (1.37%) Java Architect
13 4 (1.37%) Senior J2EE Developer
13 4 (1.37%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 193 (66.10%) Spring
2 191 (65.41%) Hibernate
3 169 (57.88%) Web Services
4 130 (44.52%) REST
5 89 (30.48%) EJB
6 88 (30.14%) Spring Boot
7 81 (27.74%) RESTful
8 80 (27.40%) HTML
9 76 (26.03%) Java EE
10 74 (25.34%) SOAP
11 60 (20.55%) CSS
12 59 (20.21%) XML
13 58 (19.86%) J2EE
14 55 (18.84%) JSON
14 55 (18.84%) JSP
15 53 (18.15%) JMS
16 51 (17.47%) Spring MVC
17 48 (16.44%) EJB 3.0
18 44 (15.07%) JAXB
19 43 (14.73%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 39 (13.36%) Enterprise Software
2 29 (9.93%) User Experience
3 12 (4.11%) Computer Science
4 11 (3.77%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
6 7 (2.40%) N-Tier
6 7 (2.40%) Public Cloud
7 6 (2.05%) Online Banking
8 4 (1.37%) Data Structures
9 3 (1.03%) Clustering
10 2 (0.68%) Fat Client
10 2 (0.68%) Mobile App
10 2 (0.68%) Thin Client
11 1 (0.34%) Algorithms
11 1 (0.34%) DataPower
11 1 (0.34%) Linux Command Line
11 1 (0.34%) Management Information System
11 1 (0.34%) Private Cloud
11 1 (0.34%) Replication
11 1 (0.34%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 85 (29.11%) Linux
2 29 (9.93%) Unix
3 8 (2.74%) Mac OS X
4 7 (2.40%) Windows
5 6 (2.05%) Oracle Linux
6 5 (1.71%) Android
6 5 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 4 (1.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (1.03%) HPUX
8 3 (1.03%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.68%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.34%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 178 (60.96%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (50.68%) TDD
3 91 (31.16%) Microservices
4 78 (26.71%) MVC
5 70 (23.97%) BDD
5 70 (23.97%) Scrum
6 61 (20.89%) Continuous Integration
7 58 (19.86%) Test Automation
8 55 (18.84%) Unit Testing
9 39 (13.36%) Data Modelling
10 38 (13.01%) Event-Driven Architecture
10 38 (13.01%) High Availability
11 36 (12.33%) OO
12 34 (11.64%) Kanban
13 33 (11.30%) Pair Programming
13 33 (11.30%) SOA
14 29 (9.93%) Performance Testing
15 24 (8.22%) Open Source
16 23 (7.88%) Low Latency
16 23 (7.88%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 289 (98.97%) Java
2 144 (49.32%) SQL
3 74 (25.34%) JavaScript
4 45 (15.41%) PL/SQL
5 27 (9.25%) Groovy
6 8 (2.74%) R
6 8 (2.74%) Scala
7 7 (2.40%) C
8 5 (1.71%) Shell Script
9 4 (1.37%) ES6
9 4 (1.37%) T-SQL
10 3 (1.03%) C++
10 3 (1.03%) Python
11 2 (0.68%) PHP
11 2 (0.68%) VB.NET
12 1 (0.34%) C#
12 1 (0.34%) Perl
Qualifications
1 19 (6.51%) Degree
2 13 (4.45%) Security Cleared
3 9 (3.08%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 4 (1.37%) OCP
4 4 (1.37%) Oracle Certification
5 2 (0.68%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.34%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.34%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (8.90%) QA
2 7 (2.40%) GCP
3 1 (0.34%) SLA
System Software
1 51 (17.47%) Docker
2 3 (1.03%) HDFS
2 3 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
2 3 (1.03%) vSphere
3 1 (0.34%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 10 (3.42%) Puppet
2 8 (2.74%) Ansible
3 4 (1.37%) Kubernetes
3 4 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
3 4 (1.37%) Terraform
4 3 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
5 2 (0.68%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 127 (43.49%) Oracle
2 30 (10.27%) HP
3 25 (8.56%) IBM
4 21 (7.19%) Perforce
5 8 (2.74%) Microsoft
6 7 (2.40%) CA
7 6 (2.05%) Red Hat
8 5 (1.71%) CA Agile Central
8 5 (1.71%) MuleSoft
9 3 (1.03%) Adobe
9 3 (1.03%) Cisco
9 3 (1.03%) SAP
9 3 (1.03%) VMware
10 2 (0.68%) Google
10 2 (0.68%) Misys
11 1 (0.34%) Capita
11 1 (0.34%) Citrix
11 1 (0.34%) hybris
11 1 (0.34%) Imperva
11 1 (0.34%) Luciad