Period
to 16 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 16 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 520 524 615
Rank change year-on-year +4 +91 0
Contract jobs citing JPA 347 310 268
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.37% 0.35% 0.26%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.07% 1.09% 0.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 254 221 206
England median daily rate £480 £447 £444
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.38% +0.73% +14.52%
10th Percentile £375 £323 £316
90th Percentile £575 £584 £550
UK median daily rate £478 £438 £430
% change year-on-year +9.14% +1.74% +14.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 8 4
England median hourly rate - £52.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +38.16% -5.00%
UK median hourly rate - £52.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year - +38.16% -5.00%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 32,503 28,330 29,605
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 34.36% 32.41% 29.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,075 19,615 20,934
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £306 £295
90th Percentile £631 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 356 369 379
England median hourly rate £41.52 £40.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.51% +8.00% +4.17%
10th Percentile £15.24 £16.20 £13.50
90th Percentile £58.13 £53.80 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +4.17%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 16 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 16 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +5 141 £500 -9.09% 37
South East +32 90 £425 -8.11% 5
North of England -15 58 £400 -2.44% 7
Midlands -35 31 £400 - 6
North West -30 27 £500 +19.04% 4
North East +19 22 £400 +3.90%
South West -16 16 £525 +25.00% 4
East Midlands -20 16 £425 +6.25% 2
West Midlands -15 15 £400 - 3
East of England -27 11 £525 +9.09% 8
Yorkshire -22 9 £425 +3.66% 3
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 16 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 347 (100.00%) Java
2 279 (80.40%) Hibernate
3 255 (73.49%) Spring
4 193 (55.62%) Agile Software Development
5 185 (53.31%) Web Services
6 164 (47.26%) Jenkins
7 149 (42.94%) Java 8
8 129 (37.18%) REST
9 126 (36.31%) Oracle
10 118 (34.01%) TDD
11 114 (32.85%) Git (software)
12 110 (31.70%) Microservices
13 105 (30.26%) Spring Boot
14 90 (25.94%) BDD
14 90 (25.94%) SQL
14 90 (25.94%) Tomcat
15 89 (25.65%) Maven
16 87 (25.07%) JIRA
17 86 (24.78%) RESTful
18 85 (24.50%) JavaScript
19 84 (24.21%) PostgreSQL
20 81 (23.34%) Scrum
20 81 (23.34%) EJB
20 81 (23.34%) MVC
21 78 (22.48%) J2EE
22 75 (21.61%) AngularJS
23 73 (21.04%) Relational Database
23 73 (21.04%) Linux
24 72 (20.75%) JUnit
25 70 (20.17%) Java EE

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 90 (25.94%) Tomcat
2 52 (14.99%) Apache
3 39 (11.24%) Confluence
4 36 (10.37%) WebSphere
5 32 (9.22%) GlassFish
5 32 (9.22%) JBoss
6 24 (6.92%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (6.92%) WebLogic
7 22 (6.34%) Jetty
8 19 (5.48%) Liferay
9 14 (4.03%) Mule
10 13 (3.75%) WebSphere Application Server
11 11 (3.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 10 (2.88%) GemFire
13 9 (2.59%) WebSphere Portal
14 6 (1.73%) Apache Solr
14 6 (1.73%) CMS
15 5 (1.44%) Commerce Server
15 5 (1.44%) WildFly
16 4 (1.15%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 7 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.44%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 4 (1.15%) SAP Hybris
2 2 (0.58%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.29%) Oracle Applications
Cloud Services
1 34 (9.80%) Amazon AWS
2 8 (2.31%) OpenShift
3 5 (1.44%) IaaS
3 5 (1.44%) PaaS
4 4 (1.15%) Serverless
5 3 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
5 3 (0.86%) Amazon SQS
6 2 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
6 2 (0.58%) BrowserStack
6 2 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (0.58%) GitHub
6 2 (0.58%) Microsoft Azure
6 2 (0.58%) SaaS
7 1 (0.29%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.29%) IBM Cloud
7 1 (0.29%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.75%) TCP/IP
2 4 (1.15%) SMS
3 3 (0.86%) Intranet
4 2 (0.58%) Broadband
4 2 (0.58%) Firewall
4 2 (0.58%) HTTP
4 2 (0.58%) Network Security
5 1 (0.29%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 84 (24.21%) PostgreSQL
2 73 (21.04%) Relational Database
3 35 (10.09%) MySQL
3 35 (10.09%) Oracle Database
4 34 (9.80%) Big Data
4 34 (9.80%) HBase
4 34 (9.80%) SQL Server
5 32 (9.22%) RDBMS
6 29 (8.36%) Hadoop
7 25 (7.20%) MongoDB
8 22 (6.34%) NoSQL
9 20 (5.76%) Oracle Database 12c
10 13 (3.75%) DB2
11 12 (3.46%) Endeca
12 11 (3.17%) Redis
13 9 (2.59%) Amazon Redshift
14 7 (2.02%) Apache Cassandra
15 4 (1.15%) Couchbase
15 4 (1.15%) Oracle Database 11g
15 4 (1.15%) Riak
Development Applications
1 164 (47.26%) Jenkins
2 114 (32.85%) Git (software)
3 89 (25.65%) Maven
4 87 (25.07%) JIRA
5 72 (20.75%) JUnit
6 57 (16.43%) Gradle
7 49 (14.12%) Subversion
8 45 (12.97%) Eclipse
9 33 (9.51%) Mockito
10 29 (8.36%) Selenium
11 23 (6.63%) Cucumber
12 21 (6.05%) Hudson
13 17 (4.90%) JProfiler
14 16 (4.61%) Liquibase
15 15 (4.32%) Ant
16 13 (3.75%) IntelliJ
17 8 (2.31%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 8 (2.31%) Rational Team Concert
17 8 (2.31%) SonarQube
17 8 (2.31%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 29 (8.36%) Retail
2 28 (8.07%) Finance
3 25 (7.20%) Banking
4 6 (1.73%) Games
5 5 (1.44%) Front Office
6 3 (0.86%) Marketing
6 3 (0.86%) Music Industry
6 3 (0.86%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.58%) Advertising
7 2 (0.58%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.29%) Back Office
8 1 (0.29%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 301 (86.74%) Developer
2 258 (74.35%) Java Developer
3 50 (14.41%) Senior Developer
3 50 (14.41%) Senior Java Developer
4 24 (6.92%) Architect
5 17 (4.90%) WebSphere Developer
6 16 (4.61%) Software Engineer
6 16 (4.61%) Technical Architect
7 15 (4.32%) Java Engineer
8 13 (3.75%) AWS Developer
8 13 (3.75%) Java Software Engineer
9 12 (3.46%) Lead Developer
9 12 (3.46%) Lead Java Developer
10 11 (3.17%) Agile Developer
10 11 (3.17%) Agile Java Developer
10 11 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
10 11 (3.17%) Java Architect
11 9 (2.59%) Java Technical Architect
11 9 (2.59%) JavaScript Developer
11 9 (2.59%) JSP Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 279 (80.40%) Hibernate
2 255 (73.49%) Spring
3 185 (53.31%) Web Services
4 129 (37.18%) REST
5 105 (30.26%) Spring Boot
6 86 (24.78%) RESTful
7 81 (23.34%) EJB
8 78 (22.48%) J2EE
9 75 (21.61%) AngularJS
10 70 (20.17%) Java EE
11 69 (19.88%) SOAP
12 68 (19.60%) JMS
13 65 (18.73%) JSP
14 64 (18.44%) Kafka
15 63 (18.16%) JSON
16 59 (17.00%) HTML
17 51 (14.70%) XML
18 49 (14.12%) Spring MVC
19 48 (13.83%) EJB 3.0
20 45 (12.97%) CSS
Miscellaneous
1 29 (8.36%) Enterprise Software
2 23 (6.63%) User Experience
3 16 (4.61%) Computer Science
4 15 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
5 14 (4.03%) Analytical Skills
6 9 (2.59%) Clustering
7 4 (1.15%) e-Learning
8 3 (0.86%) Algorithms
8 3 (0.86%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (0.58%) Data Structures
9 2 (0.58%) Fat Client
9 2 (0.58%) Mobile App
9 2 (0.58%) Replication
9 2 (0.58%) Thin Client
10 1 (0.29%) Fintech
10 1 (0.29%) Hedge funds
10 1 (0.29%) Mainframe
10 1 (0.29%) Management Information System
10 1 (0.29%) RIA
10 1 (0.29%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 73 (21.04%) Linux
2 24 (6.92%) Unix
3 14 (4.03%) Android
4 11 (3.17%) Apple iOS
5 10 (2.88%) Windows
6 5 (1.44%) Oracle Linux
7 3 (0.86%) Debian
8 2 (0.58%) Solaris
8 2 (0.58%) Windows 2000
8 2 (0.58%) Windows Vista
9 1 (0.29%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (55.62%) Agile Software Development
2 118 (34.01%) TDD
3 110 (31.70%) Microservices
4 90 (25.94%) BDD
5 81 (23.34%) MVC
5 81 (23.34%) Scrum
6 58 (16.71%) Unit Testing
7 53 (15.27%) Continuous Integration
7 53 (15.27%) Software Engineering
8 51 (14.70%) Test Automation
9 46 (13.26%) SOA
10 42 (12.10%) OO
11 39 (11.24%) Pair Programming
12 36 (10.37%) Data Modelling
12 36 (10.37%) DevOps
13 34 (9.80%) SDLC
14 33 (9.51%) Event-Driven Architecture
15 32 (9.22%) Digital Transformation Programme
16 31 (8.93%) Performance Testing
17 29 (8.36%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 347 (100.00%) Java
2 149 (42.94%) Java 8
3 90 (25.94%) SQL
4 85 (24.50%) JavaScript
5 27 (7.78%) Groovy
6 24 (6.92%) PL/SQL
7 14 (4.03%) Shell Script
8 11 (3.17%) T-SQL
9 8 (2.31%) C
9 8 (2.31%) Scala
10 6 (1.73%) Python
11 5 (1.44%) C#
12 4 (1.15%) PHP
12 4 (1.15%) XAML
13 3 (0.86%) C++
13 3 (0.86%) VBA
14 2 (0.58%) R
14 2 (0.58%) Ruby
15 1 (0.29%) Kotlin
15 1 (0.29%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 30 (8.65%) Degree
2 22 (6.34%) Security Cleared
3 10 (2.88%) SC Cleared
4 8 (2.31%) DV Cleared
5 7 (2.02%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.86%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (7.78%) QA
2 4 (1.15%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 44 (12.68%) Docker
2 4 (1.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 3 (0.86%) VMware Infrastructure
3 3 (0.86%) vSphere
4 2 (0.58%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.58%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 20 (5.76%) Puppet
2 18 (5.19%) Ansible
3 16 (4.61%) HP ALM
4 11 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
5 9 (2.59%) Terraform
6 5 (1.44%) Kibana
6 5 (1.44%) logstash
7 4 (1.15%) Cobbler
8 3 (0.86%) Kubernetes
9 1 (0.29%) SELinux
Vendors
1 126 (36.31%) Oracle
2 20 (5.76%) IBM
3 18 (5.19%) Microsoft
4 17 (4.90%) Perforce
5 16 (4.61%) HP
6 9 (2.59%) SAP
7 6 (1.73%) Google
7 6 (1.73%) hybris
7 6 (1.73%) Informatica
8 5 (1.44%) AppDynamics
8 5 (1.44%) Splunk
8 5 (1.44%) VMware
9 3 (0.86%) Apple
9 3 (0.86%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.58%) Adobe
10 2 (0.58%) FatWire
10 2 (0.58%) New Relic
10 2 (0.58%) Roku
11 1 (0.29%) BT
11 1 (0.29%) Twitter