The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 3 months to 28 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK / England
3 months to
28 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 448 489 506
Rank change year-on-year +41 +17  
Contract jobs citing JPA 135 131 116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.31% 0.26% 0.23%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.97% 0.91% 0.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 90 91 86
Median daily rate £450 £450 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +12.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £374 £350 £325
10% offered a daily rate of more than £577 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £375
% change year-on-year - +13.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 2 1
Median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.83% -10.00%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +45.83% -10.00%  

JPA is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 13914 14379 14025
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 32.19% 29.08% 27.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 9669 10238 9552
Median daily rate £450 £425 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +9.67%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £588 £571 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 179 197
Median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.05% -3.87%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £22.00 £18.80 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing JPA as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 3 months to 28 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 3 months to 28 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 44 £550 +20.87% 15
South West +17 23 £420 +8.38% 8
East of England +13 23 £472 +13.05% 6
North West +40 18 £450 - 7
South East +20 10 £500 - 1
East Midlands -18 6 £418 +23.70% 1
Yorkshire +2 3 £363 -19.44% 5
West Midlands - 3 £400 - 2
North East +72 2 - -
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 28 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 316 (98.75%) Java
2 269 (84.06%) Spring
3 241 (75.31%) Hibernate
4 192 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
5 144 (45.00%) SQL
5 144 (45.00%) Web Services
6 143 (44.69%) Oracle
7 129 (40.31%) REST
8 128 (40.00%) TDD
9 118 (36.88%) Git (software)
10 117 (36.56%) XML
11 115 (35.94%) Continuous Integration
12 110 (34.38%) SOAP
13 108 (33.75%) Jenkins
14 100 (31.25%) Java EE
15 98 (30.63%) JavaScript
16 97 (30.31%) J2EE
17 96 (30.00%) JUnit
17 96 (30.00%) Maven
18 82 (25.63%) Scrum
19 81 (25.31%) MVC
20 80 (25.00%) HTML
21 75 (23.44%) Relational Database
22 74 (23.13%) OO
23 73 (22.81%) Unit Testing
24 72 (22.50%) Finance
25 71 (22.19%) Linux
26 69 (21.56%) Test Automation
27 67 (20.94%) JBoss
28 62 (19.38%) PL/SQL

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 67 (20.94%) JBoss
2 57 (17.81%) WebLogic
3 43 (13.44%) Tomcat
4 34 (10.63%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 23 (7.19%) WebSphere
6 22 (6.88%) Mule
7 21 (6.56%) Confluence
8 10 (3.13%) Mule ESB
9 8 (2.50%) Apache
9 8 (2.50%) Oracle Workflow
10 7 (2.19%) GlassFish
10 7 (2.19%) Jetty
11 5 (1.56%) Oracle Coherence
11 5 (1.56%) WebSphere Application Server
12 2 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 2 (0.63%) Apache Spark
12 2 (0.63%) Oracle Application Server
12 2 (0.63%) Oracle Service Bus
12 2 (0.63%) WebSphere Process Server
12 2 (0.63%) WildFly
Business Applications
1 17 (5.31%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (4.06%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 9 (2.81%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (2.19%) Payment Gateway
5 6 (1.88%) Unica
6 2 (0.63%) Global One
6 2 (0.63%) SunGard Martini
7 1 (0.31%) Actimize
7 1 (0.31%) Loan IQ
Cloud Services
1 27 (8.44%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (2.81%) Amazon EC2
2 9 (2.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
3 6 (1.88%) Silverpop
4 5 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
4 5 (1.56%) PaaS
5 4 (1.25%) OpenShift
6 3 (0.94%) Bluemix
6 3 (0.94%) GitHub
6 3 (0.94%) IaaS
6 3 (0.94%) IBM Cloud
6 3 (0.94%) Microsoft Azure
7 2 (0.63%) Heroku
8 1 (0.31%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.31%) Firebase
8 1 (0.31%) G Suite
8 1 (0.31%) Google App Engine
8 1 (0.31%) Google Cloud Platform
8 1 (0.31%) Twilio
Communications & Networking
1 14 (4.38%) HTTP
1 14 (4.38%) LDAP
2 3 (0.94%) TCP/IP
3 2 (0.63%) AMQP
3 2 (0.63%) Internet
3 2 (0.63%) SMS
3 2 (0.63%) SMTP
4 1 (0.31%) CTI
4 1 (0.31%) Firewall
4 1 (0.31%) HTTPS
4 1 (0.31%) Intranet
4 1 (0.31%) Network Security
4 1 (0.31%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (23.44%) Relational Database
2 52 (16.25%) Oracle Database
3 42 (13.13%) MongoDB
4 36 (11.25%) MySQL
4 36 (11.25%) RDBMS
5 30 (9.38%) SQL Server
6 27 (8.44%) Oracle Database 11g
7 26 (8.13%) NoSQL
8 21 (6.56%) Oracle Database 10g
9 17 (5.31%) Oracle Database 12c
10 16 (5.00%) MariaDB
10 16 (5.00%) PostgreSQL
11 10 (3.13%) Endeca
12 8 (2.50%) DB2
13 7 (2.19%) Big Data
14 6 (1.88%) Redis
15 3 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
15 3 (0.94%) GIS
15 3 (0.94%) Hazelcast
15 3 (0.94%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 118 (36.88%) Git (software)
2 108 (33.75%) Jenkins
3 96 (30.00%) JUnit
3 96 (30.00%) Maven
4 61 (19.06%) JIRA
5 58 (18.13%) Mockito
6 44 (13.75%) Subversion
7 38 (11.88%) Eclipse
8 32 (10.00%) Gradle
9 30 (9.38%) IntelliJ
10 26 (8.13%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 20 (6.25%) JProfiler
12 18 (5.63%) Selenium
13 17 (5.31%) Cucumber
13 17 (5.31%) SonarQube
14 12 (3.75%) Ant
14 12 (3.75%) Hudson
14 12 (3.75%) Mercurial
15 10 (3.13%) SoapUI
16 7 (2.19%) WebStorm
General
1 72 (22.50%) Finance
2 50 (15.63%) Banking
3 21 (6.56%) Marketing
4 14 (4.38%) Telecoms
5 13 (4.06%) Electronics
5 13 (4.06%) Manufacturing
5 13 (4.06%) Retail
6 9 (2.81%) Investment Banking
7 7 (2.19%) Games
8 3 (0.94%) Wholesale Banking
9 2 (0.63%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.63%) Legal
9 2 (0.63%) Multimedia
10 1 (0.31%) Automotive
10 1 (0.31%) Billing
10 1 (0.31%) Publishing
10 1 (0.31%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 257 (80.31%) Developer
2 226 (70.63%) Java Developer
3 32 (10.00%) Senior Developer
4 30 (9.38%) Architect
5 22 (6.88%) Solutions Architect
6 21 (6.56%) Java Engineer
6 21 (6.56%) Senior Java Developer
7 14 (4.38%) Full Stack Developer
7 14 (4.38%) J2EE Developer
7 14 (4.38%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 13 (4.06%) Agile Developer
8 13 (4.06%) Agile Java Developer
9 12 (3.75%) Software Engineer
10 11 (3.44%) E-Commerce Architect
10 11 (3.44%) Java Software Engineer
11 10 (3.13%) E-Commerce Solution Architect
11 10 (3.13%) Endeca Developer
12 9 (2.81%) Digital Developer
13 8 (2.50%) Integration Developer
13 8 (2.50%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 269 (84.06%) Spring
2 241 (75.31%) Hibernate
3 144 (45.00%) Web Services
4 129 (40.31%) REST
5 117 (36.56%) XML
6 110 (34.38%) SOAP
7 100 (31.25%) Java EE
8 97 (30.31%) J2EE
9 80 (25.00%) HTML
10 62 (19.38%) JSON
11 60 (18.75%) JMS
12 57 (17.81%) CSS
12 57 (17.81%) Spring Boot
13 56 (17.50%) Spring MVC
14 55 (17.19%) RESTful
15 54 (16.88%) AngularJS
16 44 (13.75%) EJB
17 41 (12.81%) XSLT
18 39 (12.19%) EclipseLink
19 36 (11.25%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 35 (10.94%) Enterprise Software
2 18 (5.63%) Analytical Skills
3 17 (5.31%) Computer Science
4 15 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
4 15 (4.69%) User Experience
5 7 (2.19%) Data Structures
5 7 (2.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 4 (1.25%) Client/Server
7 3 (0.94%) Algorithms
7 3 (0.94%) iPad
7 3 (0.94%) Mobile App
8 2 (0.63%) Clustering
8 2 (0.63%) Credit Risk
8 2 (0.63%) iSeries
8 2 (0.63%) Market Risk
8 2 (0.63%) Replication
8 2 (0.63%) Virtual Team
9 1 (0.31%) Derivative
9 1 (0.31%) Equities
9 1 (0.31%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 71 (22.19%) Linux
2 54 (16.88%) Unix
3 16 (5.00%) Mac OS X
4 7 (2.19%) Windows
5 5 (1.56%) Android
6 4 (1.25%) Apple iOS
6 4 (1.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.63%) Solaris
8 1 (0.31%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.31%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 192 (60.00%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (40.00%) TDD
3 115 (35.94%) Continuous Integration
4 82 (25.63%) Scrum
5 81 (25.31%) MVC
6 74 (23.13%) OO
7 73 (22.81%) Unit Testing
8 69 (21.56%) Test Automation
9 53 (16.56%) Microservices
10 51 (15.94%) SDLC
11 50 (15.63%) BDD
11 50 (15.63%) SOA
12 45 (14.06%) Software Engineering
13 44 (13.75%) Data Modelling
14 35 (10.94%) DevOps
15 28 (8.75%) Integration Testing
16 24 (7.50%) Workflow
17 22 (6.88%) Event-Driven Architecture
18 19 (5.94%) UML
19 18 (5.63%) RAD
Programming Languages
1 316 (98.75%) Java
2 144 (45.00%) SQL
3 98 (30.63%) JavaScript
4 62 (19.38%) PL/SQL
5 21 (6.56%) Bash Shell
6 14 (4.38%) Python
7 13 (4.06%) C++
7 13 (4.06%) Shell Script
8 12 (3.75%) Scala
9 11 (3.44%) C
9 11 (3.44%) Perl
10 10 (3.13%) Assembly Language
11 8 (2.50%) Groovy
12 6 (1.88%) PHP
13 3 (0.94%) ES6
13 3 (0.94%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.63%) C#
14 2 (0.63%) Ruby
14 2 (0.63%) VB.NET
15 1 (0.31%) VC++
Qualifications
1 28 (8.75%) Security Cleared
2 19 (5.94%) SC Cleared
3 12 (3.75%) Degree
4 7 (2.19%) DV Cleared
5 6 (1.88%) Sun Certification
6 3 (0.94%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.63%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (5.31%) QA
2 1 (0.31%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.31%) FATCA
System Software
1 14 (4.38%) Docker
2 2 (0.63%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
3 1 (0.31%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 10 (3.13%) Ansible
2 6 (1.88%) Puppet
3 4 (1.25%) Opscode Chef
4 3 (0.94%) Control-M
4 3 (0.94%) Kubernetes
5 2 (0.63%) BladeLogic
5 2 (0.63%) OpenAM
5 2 (0.63%) OpenIDM
6 1 (0.31%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 143 (44.69%) Oracle
2 23 (7.19%) SAP
3 21 (6.56%) Perforce
4 19 (5.94%) IBM
5 11 (3.44%) Red Hat
6 10 (3.13%) hybris
7 7 (2.19%) Talend
8 6 (1.88%) Pega
8 6 (1.88%) Zend
9 5 (1.56%) Luciad
10 4 (1.25%) Atlassian
10 4 (1.25%) Microsoft
10 4 (1.25%) Sybase
11 2 (0.63%) Adobe
11 2 (0.63%) Calypso
11 2 (0.63%) Fidessa
11 2 (0.63%) Murex
11 2 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
11 2 (0.63%) Sophis
11 2 (0.63%) SunGard
West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Knutsford, Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Uniting Ambition
Rate: £400 - 450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Cambridge
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 7 days ago
Brentwood, Essex
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire
AMS contingency
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 20 days ago
East London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Gloucestershire
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 - £440 per day
Posted: 27 days ago