Period
to 21 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 21 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
21 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 545 507 581
Rank change year-on-year -38 +74 +19
Contract jobs citing JPA 329 310 286
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.35% 0.36% 0.29%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 1.07% 1.14% 1.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 233 200
England median daily rate £466 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.71% +2.41% +8.50%
10th Percentile £351 £319 £313
90th Percentile £556 £563 £525
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
% change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +10.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 0
England median hourly rate £45.00 £51.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.20% - -
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £51.25 -
% change year-on-year -12.20% - -

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 30,648 27,132 28,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 33.07% 31.84% 28.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,792 18,805 19,952
England median daily rate £475 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.95% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £288
90th Percentile £625 £606 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £435 £425
% change year-on-year +9.20% +2.35% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 321 341 440
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £38.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +5.81% +10.71%
10th Percentile £17.50 £17.00 £15.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.50 £57.00
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.50 £38.75
% change year-on-year +1.23% +4.52% +10.71%

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 21 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 21 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -31 113 £500 +5.15% 37
South East +41 110 £425 -2.86% 15
North of England -4 54 £413 +6.45% 7
Midlands -18 38 £400 - 9
North West +1 36 £375 +4.17% 3
West Midlands +3 19 £400 -3.03% 5
East Midlands -13 19 £400 - 4
Yorkshire -11 13 £450 +7.14% 2
East of England -37 9 £450 -5.26% 6
North East +35 5 £400 +4.23% 2
South West -19 3 £400 -6.76% 7
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 21 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 328 (99.70%) Java
2 244 (74.16%) Hibernate
3 232 (70.52%) Spring
4 193 (58.66%) Web Services
5 190 (57.75%) Agile Software Development
6 155 (47.11%) Java 8
7 154 (46.81%) Jenkins
8 143 (43.47%) TDD
9 142 (43.16%) REST
10 136 (41.34%) Oracle
11 123 (37.39%) SQL
12 108 (32.83%) Microservices
13 105 (31.91%) Spring Boot
14 99 (30.09%) EJB
15 96 (29.18%) RESTful
16 94 (28.57%) SOAP
17 92 (27.96%) Git (software)
18 91 (27.66%) Relational Database
19 90 (27.36%) Unit Testing
20 85 (25.84%) Maven
21 84 (25.53%) MVC
22 82 (24.92%) PostgreSQL
22 82 (24.92%) Java EE
23 81 (24.62%) Linux
24 79 (24.01%) JUnit
24 79 (24.01%) BDD
25 78 (23.71%) Scrum
26 77 (23.40%) HTML
27 75 (22.80%) JavaScript
27 75 (22.80%) J2EE

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 55 (16.72%) Tomcat
2 46 (13.98%) WebSphere
3 45 (13.68%) Confluence
4 41 (12.46%) GlassFish
5 37 (11.25%) Liferay
6 36 (10.94%) WebLogic
7 28 (8.51%) JBoss
8 21 (6.38%) Apache
9 18 (5.47%) WebSphere Application Server
10 15 (4.56%) Jetty
11 14 (4.26%) Elasticsearch
12 12 (3.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 11 (3.34%) Mule
14 10 (3.04%) Cloud Foundry
14 10 (3.04%) GemFire
14 10 (3.04%) WebSphere Portal
15 7 (2.13%) IBM Domino
16 6 (1.82%) Mule ESB
16 6 (1.82%) Oracle Workflow
17 5 (1.52%) Commerce Server
Applications
1 9 (2.74%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (1.52%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.30%) Oracle SCM
Cloud Services
1 31 (9.42%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (4.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 8 (2.43%) OpenShift
4 7 (2.13%) Google Cloud Platform
5 5 (1.52%) PaaS
5 5 (1.52%) Serverless
6 4 (1.22%) Amazon EC2
6 4 (1.22%) IaaS
7 3 (0.91%) Amazon SQS
7 3 (0.91%) GitHub
8 2 (0.61%) AWS CloudFormation
8 2 (0.61%) BrowserStack
8 2 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
9 1 (0.30%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.30%) Bluemix
9 1 (0.30%) IBM Cloud
9 1 (0.30%) Sumo Logic
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.95%) TCP/IP
2 7 (2.13%) HTTP
3 3 (0.91%) Firewall
4 2 (0.61%) Broadband
4 2 (0.61%) Internet
5 1 (0.30%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 91 (27.66%) Relational Database
2 82 (24.92%) PostgreSQL
3 59 (17.93%) Oracle Database
4 55 (16.72%) RDBMS
5 42 (12.77%) SQL Server
6 40 (12.16%) Oracle Database 12c
7 37 (11.25%) MySQL
8 35 (10.64%) Big Data
9 31 (9.42%) MongoDB
10 30 (9.12%) HBase
11 27 (8.21%) Hadoop
12 22 (6.69%) DB2
13 21 (6.38%) NoSQL
14 7 (2.13%) Oracle Database 10g
14 7 (2.13%) Oracle Database 11g
15 6 (1.82%) Redis
16 5 (1.52%) Amazon Redshift
16 5 (1.52%) MariaDB
17 4 (1.22%) Apache Cassandra
18 3 (0.91%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 154 (46.81%) Jenkins
2 92 (27.96%) Git (software)
3 85 (25.84%) Maven
4 79 (24.01%) JUnit
5 66 (20.06%) JIRA
6 60 (18.24%) Gradle
7 42 (12.77%) Eclipse
8 40 (12.16%) Mockito
9 39 (11.85%) Subversion
10 36 (10.94%) Selenium
11 32 (9.73%) JProfiler
12 22 (6.69%) Cucumber
13 21 (6.38%) IntelliJ
14 18 (5.47%) Ant
15 16 (4.86%) SonarQube
16 15 (4.56%) Hudson
17 7 (2.13%) Cobertura
17 7 (2.13%) JBehave
18 6 (1.82%) Flyway
19 5 (1.52%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 34 (10.33%) Finance
2 31 (9.42%) Banking
3 16 (4.86%) Retail
4 9 (2.74%) Games
5 4 (1.22%) Marketing
6 3 (0.91%) Retail Banking
7 2 (0.61%) Advertising
7 2 (0.61%) Front Office
7 2 (0.61%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.61%) Music Industry
8 1 (0.30%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.30%) German Language
8 1 (0.30%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.30%) Legal
8 1 (0.30%) Local Government
8 1 (0.30%) Publishing
8 1 (0.30%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 297 (90.27%) Developer
2 258 (78.42%) Java Developer
3 43 (13.07%) Senior Developer
4 42 (12.77%) Senior Java Developer
5 19 (5.78%) WebSphere Developer
6 13 (3.95%) J2EE Developer
7 12 (3.65%) Java/J2EE Developer
8 11 (3.34%) Java Engineer
9 9 (2.74%) Agile Developer
9 9 (2.74%) Agile Java Developer
9 9 (2.74%) Java Software Engineer
9 9 (2.74%) JSP Developer
9 9 (2.74%) Lead Developer
9 9 (2.74%) Lead Java Developer
9 9 (2.74%) Software Engineer
10 7 (2.13%) Architect
10 7 (2.13%) Full Stack Developer
11 6 (1.82%) SQL Developer
11 6 (1.82%) Technical Architect
12 4 (1.22%) MySQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 244 (74.16%) Hibernate
2 232 (70.52%) Spring
3 193 (58.66%) Web Services
4 142 (43.16%) REST
5 105 (31.91%) Spring Boot
6 99 (30.09%) EJB
7 96 (29.18%) RESTful
8 94 (28.57%) SOAP
9 82 (24.92%) Java EE
10 77 (23.40%) HTML
11 75 (22.80%) J2EE
11 75 (22.80%) JSP
12 72 (21.88%) JSON
13 65 (19.76%) EJB 3.0
14 60 (18.24%) XML
15 56 (17.02%) JMS
16 54 (16.41%) CSS
16 54 (16.41%) Spring MVC
17 51 (15.50%) AngularJS
18 50 (15.20%) Struts
Miscellaneous
1 53 (16.11%) Enterprise Software
2 25 (7.60%) User Experience
3 14 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
4 12 (3.65%) Computer Science
5 11 (3.34%) Clustering
6 7 (2.13%) Public Cloud
7 4 (1.22%) Fat Client
7 4 (1.22%) N-Tier
7 4 (1.22%) Thin Client
8 2 (0.61%) Algorithms
8 2 (0.61%) Data Structures
8 2 (0.61%) Mobile App
8 2 (0.61%) Replication
9 1 (0.30%) e-Learning
9 1 (0.30%) IPTV
9 1 (0.30%) Linux Command Line
9 1 (0.30%) Management Information System
9 1 (0.30%) RIA
9 1 (0.30%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 81 (24.62%) Linux
2 33 (10.03%) Unix
3 12 (3.65%) Android
4 11 (3.34%) Apple iOS
4 11 (3.34%) Windows
5 5 (1.52%) Mac OS X
5 5 (1.52%) Oracle Linux
6 3 (0.91%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 3 (0.91%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.61%) Solaris
7 2 (0.61%) Windows 2000
7 2 (0.61%) Windows Vista
8 1 (0.30%) Debian
8 1 (0.30%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 190 (57.75%) Agile Software Development
2 143 (43.47%) TDD
3 108 (32.83%) Microservices
4 90 (27.36%) Unit Testing
5 84 (25.53%) MVC
6 79 (24.01%) BDD
7 78 (23.71%) Scrum
8 72 (21.88%) Test Automation
9 66 (20.06%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (13.98%) OO
10 46 (13.98%) SOA
11 38 (11.55%) Event-Driven Architecture
12 37 (11.25%) Data Modelling
13 35 (10.64%) DevOps
13 35 (10.64%) Pair Programming
14 33 (10.03%) SDLC
15 32 (9.73%) Performance Testing
15 32 (9.73%) Software Engineering
16 28 (8.51%) Kanban
17 26 (7.90%) RAD
Programming Languages
1 328 (99.70%) Java
2 155 (47.11%) Java 8
3 123 (37.39%) SQL
4 75 (22.80%) JavaScript
5 47 (14.29%) PL/SQL
6 27 (8.21%) Groovy
7 15 (4.56%) Shell Script
8 7 (2.13%) Scala
9 6 (1.82%) C#
9 6 (1.82%) R
10 5 (1.52%) PHP
11 4 (1.22%) C
11 4 (1.22%) XAML
12 3 (0.91%) Python
12 3 (0.91%) VBA
13 1 (0.30%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 24 (7.29%) Degree
2 17 (5.17%) Security Cleared
3 12 (3.65%) SC Cleared
4 9 (2.74%) Numerate Degree
5 4 (1.22%) OCP
5 4 (1.22%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.30%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (8.51%) QA
2 7 (2.13%) GCP
3 4 (1.22%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.30%) SLA
System Software
1 47 (14.29%) Docker
2 3 (0.91%) VMware Infrastructure
2 3 (0.91%) vSphere
3 2 (0.61%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.30%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 35 (10.64%) HP ALM
2 17 (5.17%) Ansible
3 15 (4.56%) Puppet
4 9 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
4 9 (2.74%) Terraform
5 6 (1.82%) Kubernetes
6 2 (0.61%) Cobbler
7 1 (0.30%) Kibana
7 1 (0.30%) logstash
Vendors
1 136 (41.34%) Oracle
2 35 (10.64%) HP
3 28 (8.51%) IBM
4 26 (7.90%) Perforce
5 11 (3.34%) Microsoft
6 5 (1.52%) SAP
7 4 (1.22%) Google
7 4 (1.22%) MuleSoft
8 3 (0.91%) Apple
8 3 (0.91%) Informatica
8 3 (0.91%) Red Hat
8 3 (0.91%) Splunk
8 3 (0.91%) VMware
9 2 (0.61%) Adobe
9 2 (0.61%) CA
9 2 (0.61%) FatWire
9 2 (0.61%) New Relic
9 2 (0.61%) Roku
10 1 (0.30%) CA Agile Central
10 1 (0.30%) Capita