Period
to 23 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for JPA skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited JPA over the 6 months to 23 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Persistence API (JPA)
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 547 589 633
Rank change year-on-year +42 +44 +22
Contract jobs citing JPA 317 266 236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.34% 0.29% 0.24%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 0.95% 0.89% 0.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 226 191 181
England median daily rate £488 £475 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +11.76% +6.25%
10th Percentile £388 £350 £313
90th Percentile £586 £600 £560
UK median daily rate £480 £450 £401
% change year-on-year +6.67% +12.29% +0.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 6 6
England median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.33% +52.17% -23.33%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £52.50 £34.50
% change year-on-year -33.33% +52.17% -23.33%

JPA is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 33,386 29,989 30,114
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 35.32% 32.54% 30.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,767 21,222 21,088
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.56%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 300 359 358
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.22% +6.67% +0.68%
10th Percentile £16.93 £18.70 £13.50
90th Percentile £57.63 £52.50 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £41.57 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.93% +6.67% -

JPA
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing JPA as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing JPA in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for JPA in England

JPA
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for JPA in England

JPA
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing JPA within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +27 154 £500 -4.76% 26
South East +7 47 £415 -0.95% 13
North of England -18 38 £400 -11.11% 12
Midlands +9 32 £450 +5.88% 14
East of England +8 25 £525 +23.89% 10
North East +15 22 £400 +14.29% 5
South West -22 22 £525 +25.00% 5
West Midlands -3 21 £450 +5.88% 4
North West -32 12 £400 -11.11% 3
East Midlands +12 11 £450 +7.78% 10
Yorkshire -10 4 £438 +6.06% 4
JPA
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing JPA also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for JPA.

1 315 (99.37%) Java
2 264 (83.28%) Hibernate
3 235 (74.13%) Spring
4 193 (60.88%) Agile Software Development
5 171 (53.94%) Jenkins
6 169 (53.31%) Web Services
7 145 (45.74%) Git (software)
8 144 (45.43%) REST
9 135 (42.59%) TDD
10 132 (41.64%) Microservices
11 126 (39.75%) BDD
12 122 (38.49%) Java 8
13 111 (35.02%) Maven
13 111 (35.02%) JavaScript
14 107 (33.75%) Spring Boot
15 102 (32.18%) Oracle
15 102 (32.18%) JIRA
16 96 (30.28%) SQL
17 95 (29.97%) AngularJS
18 89 (28.08%) MVC
19 88 (27.76%) PostgreSQL
20 86 (27.13%) Scrum
21 84 (26.50%) RESTful
22 78 (24.61%) JMS
23 77 (24.29%) Kafka
24 74 (23.34%) JSON
25 73 (23.03%) JUnit
26 69 (21.77%) HTML
27 67 (21.14%) CSS
27 67 (21.14%) Continuous Integration

JPA
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 66 (20.82%) Tomcat
2 55 (17.35%) Confluence
3 48 (15.14%) Apache
4 37 (11.67%) JBoss
5 34 (10.73%) Elasticsearch
6 24 (7.57%) Mule
7 23 (7.26%) WebLogic
8 19 (5.99%) Apache Solr
9 18 (5.68%) WebSphere
10 17 (5.36%) GlassFish
11 14 (4.42%) Jetty
12 10 (3.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 9 (2.84%) Cloud Foundry
14 7 (2.21%) CMS
15 6 (1.89%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 6 (1.89%) WildFly
16 5 (1.58%) Oracle Workflow
17 2 (0.63%) Alfresco
17 2 (0.63%) ArcGIS
17 2 (0.63%) Commerce Server
Applications
1 9 (2.84%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 8 (2.52%) SAP Hybris
2 6 (1.89%) Oracle BPM
3 1 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 45 (14.20%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (6.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (3.79%) Apigee
4 9 (2.84%) IaaS
4 9 (2.84%) PaaS
5 7 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (1.58%) SaaS
7 3 (0.95%) Amazon SQS
8 2 (0.63%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.32%) GitHub
9 1 (0.32%) Google Cloud Platform
9 1 (0.32%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 4 (1.26%) SMS
1 4 (1.26%) TCP/IP
2 3 (0.95%) Firewall
2 3 (0.95%) Intranet
2 3 (0.95%) Network Security
3 1 (0.32%) AMQP
3 1 (0.32%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 88 (27.76%) PostgreSQL
2 55 (17.35%) Relational Database
3 39 (12.30%) MySQL
3 39 (12.30%) SQL Server
4 35 (11.04%) HBase
5 30 (9.46%) MongoDB
6 27 (8.52%) NoSQL
7 25 (7.89%) Hadoop
8 23 (7.26%) Big Data
9 17 (5.36%) RDBMS
10 13 (4.10%) Endeca
11 12 (3.79%) Apache Cassandra
12 11 (3.47%) Oracle Database
13 10 (3.15%) Amazon Redshift
14 9 (2.84%) Oracle Database 12c
15 7 (2.21%) Oracle Database 10g
15 7 (2.21%) Oracle Database 11g
16 6 (1.89%) Redis
17 3 (0.95%) Data Warehouse
17 3 (0.95%) DB2
Development Applications
1 171 (53.94%) Jenkins
2 145 (45.74%) Git (software)
3 111 (35.02%) Maven
4 102 (32.18%) JIRA
5 73 (23.03%) JUnit
6 57 (17.98%) Gradle
7 51 (16.09%) Eclipse
8 49 (15.46%) Subversion
9 33 (10.41%) Selenium
10 27 (8.52%) JMeter
11 26 (8.20%) Cucumber
12 23 (7.26%) SoapUI
13 21 (6.62%) Mockito
14 20 (6.31%) Hudson
14 20 (6.31%) Liquibase
15 18 (5.68%) NeoLoad
16 15 (4.73%) DbUnit
16 15 (4.73%) Mercurial
16 15 (4.73%) Rational Team Concert
17 14 (4.42%) Ant
General
1 26 (8.20%) Banking
2 24 (7.57%) Finance
3 22 (6.94%) Retail
4 7 (2.21%) Marketing
5 4 (1.26%) Front Office
5 4 (1.26%) Legal
6 3 (0.95%) Advertising
6 3 (0.95%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.63%) Back Office
7 2 (0.63%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.63%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.32%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 276 (87.07%) Developer
2 246 (77.60%) Java Developer
3 66 (20.82%) Senior Developer
3 66 (20.82%) Senior Java Developer
4 36 (11.36%) Architect
5 20 (6.31%) Technical Architect
6 18 (5.68%) Java Architect
7 17 (5.36%) Agile Developer
8 16 (5.05%) Lead Developer
8 16 (5.05%) Lead Java Developer
9 15 (4.73%) Agile Java Developer
9 15 (4.73%) JavaScript Developer
10 14 (4.42%) Full Stack Developer
11 12 (3.79%) Software Engineer
12 11 (3.47%) Java Engineer
13 10 (3.15%) AWS Developer
13 10 (3.15%) Java Technical Architect
13 10 (3.15%) Scala Developer
14 9 (2.84%) Java Software Engineer
14 9 (2.84%) SQL Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 264 (83.28%) Hibernate
2 235 (74.13%) Spring
3 169 (53.31%) Web Services
4 144 (45.43%) REST
5 107 (33.75%) Spring Boot
6 95 (29.97%) AngularJS
7 84 (26.50%) RESTful
8 78 (24.61%) JMS
9 77 (24.29%) Kafka
10 74 (23.34%) JSON
11 69 (21.77%) HTML
12 67 (21.14%) CSS
13 63 (19.87%) XML
14 57 (17.98%) J2EE
15 52 (16.40%) Spring MVC
16 51 (16.09%) EJB
17 49 (15.46%) Java EE
18 48 (15.14%) SOAP
19 46 (14.51%) Apache Camel
20 39 (12.30%) JSON Schema
Miscellaneous
1 18 (5.68%) User Experience
2 13 (4.10%) Computer Science
3 12 (3.79%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (3.79%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (2.21%) Self-Motivation
5 5 (1.58%) Clustering
6 4 (1.26%) Replication
7 3 (0.95%) e-Learning
8 2 (0.63%) Fintech
8 2 (0.63%) NHS
9 1 (0.32%) Algorithms
9 1 (0.32%) Enterprise Software
9 1 (0.32%) Hedge funds
9 1 (0.32%) Mainframe
9 1 (0.32%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 58 (18.30%) Linux
2 18 (5.68%) Unix
3 8 (2.52%) Windows
4 6 (1.89%) Solaris
5 4 (1.26%) Android
6 2 (0.63%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.63%) Debian
6 2 (0.63%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.63%) Oracle Linux
6 2 (0.63%) VMS
7 1 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 193 (60.88%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (42.59%) TDD
3 132 (41.64%) Microservices
4 126 (39.75%) BDD
5 89 (28.08%) MVC
6 86 (27.13%) Scrum
7 67 (21.14%) Continuous Integration
8 53 (16.72%) Software Engineering
9 42 (13.25%) Pair Programming
10 39 (12.30%) Kanban
11 37 (11.67%) Test Automation
11 37 (11.67%) UML
12 31 (9.78%) Performance Testing
13 29 (9.15%) DevOps
14 27 (8.52%) Continuous Delivery
14 27 (8.52%) Workflow
15 26 (8.20%) Event-Driven Architecture
15 26 (8.20%) Open Source
16 25 (7.89%) SOA
17 24 (7.57%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 315 (99.37%) Java
2 122 (38.49%) Java 8
3 111 (35.02%) JavaScript
4 96 (30.28%) SQL
5 30 (9.46%) PL/SQL
6 29 (9.15%) Groovy
7 15 (4.73%) C
8 14 (4.42%) T-SQL
9 10 (3.15%) Scala
10 5 (1.58%) Python
11 3 (0.95%) C++
11 3 (0.95%) Kotlin
11 3 (0.95%) Ruby
11 3 (0.95%) Shell Script
11 3 (0.95%) TypeScript
12 2 (0.63%) Java 9
13 1 (0.32%) Bash Shell
13 1 (0.32%) C#
13 1 (0.32%) R
13 1 (0.32%) XAML
Qualifications
1 33 (10.41%) Security Cleared
2 25 (7.89%) Degree
3 15 (4.73%) DV Cleared
4 14 (4.42%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.95%) Computer Science Degree
6 2 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.63%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (5.99%) QA
2 2 (0.63%) PMO
3 1 (0.32%) GDPR
System Software
1 62 (19.56%) Docker
2 7 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
2 7 (2.21%) vSphere
3 4 (1.26%) Active Directory
3 4 (1.26%) vCloud
4 3 (0.95%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 21 (6.62%) Kibana
1 21 (6.62%) logstash
2 18 (5.68%) Puppet
3 15 (4.73%) Ansible
4 13 (4.10%) Opscode Chef
5 10 (3.15%) Terraform
6 6 (1.89%) Kubernetes
7 2 (0.63%) Cobbler
8 1 (0.32%) SELinux
Vendors
1 102 (32.18%) Oracle
2 17 (5.36%) Microsoft
3 15 (4.73%) Google
4 13 (4.10%) SAP
5 11 (3.47%) VMware
6 10 (3.15%) hybris
7 9 (2.84%) AppDynamics
8 8 (2.52%) IBM
9 6 (1.89%) Adobe
9 6 (1.89%) Perforce
10 4 (1.26%) Informatica
10 4 (1.26%) Splunk
11 3 (0.95%) MuleSoft
12 2 (0.63%) Cadence
13 1 (0.32%) BT
13 1 (0.32%) Red Hat
13 1 (0.32%) TIBCO