Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
UK > Wales
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 18 21 14
Rank change year-on-year +3 -7 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 108 114 158
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 8.45% 8.00% 10.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.76% 24.00% 32.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 87 116
Wales median daily rate £421 £400 £323
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.31% +24.03% -14.00%
10th Percentile £263 £290 £214
90th Percentile £575 £525 £400
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 6
Wales median hourly rate - - £29.50
UK median hourly rate £41.25 £32.50 £31.76
% change year-on-year +26.92% +2.33% -5.19%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 389 475 485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 30.44% 33.33% 33.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 270 359 388
Wales median daily rate £403 £425 £355
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.29% +19.72% +1.43%
10th Percentile £267 £268 £265
90th Percentile £575 £575 £479
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.24% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 13
Wales median hourly rate £55.00 £20.30 £29.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +170.90% -31.18% +24.21%
10th Percentile £32.50 £19.30 £9.35
90th Percentile £77.50 £21.27 £58.81
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Wales

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Wales

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Wales over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Wales

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Wales

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Wales region over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +2 64 £375 -6.25% 40
West Wales +12 36 £493 +10.99% 9
North Wales -2 2 £318 -6.62% 7
CSS
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Wales region with a requirement for CSS.

1 108 (100.00%) HTML
2 91 (84.26%) JavaScript
3 63 (58.33%) Agile Software Development
4 59 (54.63%) SQL
5 51 (47.22%) Git (software)
6 49 (45.37%) Node.js
7 44 (40.74%) Java
7 44 (40.74%) Web Services
8 41 (37.96%) NoSQL
9 38 (35.19%) RESTful
10 36 (33.33%) Amazon AWS
11 35 (32.41%) Serverless
11 35 (32.41%) Python
12 34 (31.48%) Dropwizard
12 34 (31.48%) Open Source
12 34 (31.48%) PaaS
12 34 (31.48%) HTML5
12 34 (31.48%) CQRS
13 33 (30.56%) .NET
14 31 (28.70%) C#
15 30 (27.78%) CSS3
16 23 (21.30%) Web Development
16 23 (21.30%) SQL Server
16 23 (21.30%) ASP.NET
16 23 (21.30%) AngularJS
17 22 (20.37%) MVC
18 18 (16.67%) Unit Testing
18 18 (16.67%) Scrum
19 17 (15.74%) TDD
20 16 (14.81%) ASP.NET Web API

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (4.63%) CMS
2 3 (2.78%) SharePoint
2 3 (2.78%) WordPress
3 2 (1.85%) Apache
3 2 (1.85%) SharePoint 2010
3 2 (1.85%) Umbraco
4 1 (0.93%) Drupal
4 1 (0.93%) Elasticsearch
4 1 (0.93%) MODX
4 1 (0.93%) SAS
4 1 (0.93%) Tomcat
4 1 (0.93%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (1.85%) Adobe Illustrator
1 2 (1.85%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 1 (0.93%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 36 (33.33%) Amazon AWS
2 35 (32.41%) Serverless
3 34 (31.48%) PaaS
4 11 (10.19%) npm
5 3 (2.78%) Office 365
6 2 (1.85%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.63%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 41 (37.96%) NoSQL
2 23 (21.30%) SQL Server
3 7 (6.48%) SQL Server 2005
4 5 (4.63%) MongoDB
4 5 (4.63%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (3.70%) Couchbase
5 4 (3.70%) RavenDB
5 4 (3.70%) Relational Database
5 4 (3.70%) SQL Server 2008
5 4 (3.70%) SQL Server 2012
6 3 (2.78%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.93%) MySQL
7 1 (0.93%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.93%) Oracle Database 10g
7 1 (0.93%) Oracle Database 11g
7 1 (0.93%) Oracle Database 12c
7 1 (0.93%) SAS Data Integration Studio
7 1 (0.93%) SAS Enterprise Guide
Development Applications
1 51 (47.22%) Git (software)
2 10 (9.26%) Grunt
2 10 (9.26%) gulp
3 9 (8.33%) SonarQube
4 7 (6.48%) Visual Studio
5 6 (5.56%) Jenkins
5 6 (5.56%) NUnit
6 4 (3.70%) MbUnit
6 4 (3.70%) Mercurial
6 4 (3.70%) MSTest
6 4 (3.70%) Selenium
6 4 (3.70%) SpecFlow
6 4 (3.70%) TeamCity
7 3 (2.78%) Eclipse
7 3 (2.78%) Gradle
7 3 (2.78%) JProfiler
7 3 (2.78%) JUnit
8 2 (1.85%) Dreamweaver
8 2 (1.85%) JSUnit
8 2 (1.85%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 11 (10.19%) Finance
2 5 (4.63%) Retail
3 4 (3.70%) Banking
3 4 (3.70%) Marketing
4 3 (2.78%) Telecoms
5 2 (1.85%) Advertising
5 2 (1.85%) Electronics
5 2 (1.85%) Manufacturing
6 1 (0.93%) Games
6 1 (0.93%) Local Government
6 1 (0.93%) Retail Finance
Job Titles
1 99 (91.67%) Developer
2 29 (26.85%) Java Developer
3 19 (17.59%) .NET Developer
4 12 (11.11%) UI Developer
5 9 (8.33%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 9 (8.33%) PHP Developer
6 8 (7.41%) Web Developer
7 6 (5.56%) Full Stack Developer
8 5 (4.63%) React Developer
9 4 (3.70%) AWS Developer
9 4 (3.70%) C# Developer
9 4 (3.70%) Consultant
9 4 (3.70%) JavaScript Developer
9 4 (3.70%) Software Developer
9 4 (3.70%) User Experience Consultant
10 3 (2.78%) C# .NET Developer
10 3 (2.78%) Cloud Developer
10 3 (2.78%) SC Cleared Java Developer
10 3 (2.78%) Senior Developer
11 2 (1.85%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 108 (100.00%) HTML
2 49 (45.37%) Node.js
3 44 (40.74%) Web Services
4 38 (35.19%) RESTful
5 34 (31.48%) Dropwizard
5 34 (31.48%) HTML5
6 33 (30.56%) .NET
7 30 (27.78%) CSS3
8 23 (21.30%) AngularJS
8 23 (21.30%) ASP.NET
9 16 (14.81%) ASP.NET Web API
10 15 (13.89%) jQuery
11 11 (10.19%) Ajax
11 11 (10.19%) JSON
12 10 (9.26%) WCF
13 9 (8.33%) React
14 8 (7.41%) Angular 2
15 7 (6.48%) ASP.NET Web Forms
15 7 (6.48%) REST
16 6 (5.56%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 10 (9.26%) User Experience
2 7 (6.48%) Greenfield Project
3 1 (0.93%) Fintech
3 1 (0.93%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 3 (2.78%) Linux
2 1 (0.93%) AIX
2 1 (0.93%) Amazon Linux
2 1 (0.93%) Android
2 1 (0.93%) Apple iOS
2 1 (0.93%) CentOS
2 1 (0.93%) Unix
2 1 (0.93%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 63 (58.33%) Agile Software Development
2 34 (31.48%) CQRS
2 34 (31.48%) Open Source
3 23 (21.30%) Web Development
4 22 (20.37%) MVC
5 18 (16.67%) Scrum
5 18 (16.67%) Unit Testing
6 17 (15.74%) TDD
7 13 (12.04%) Responsive Web Design
7 13 (12.04%) Test Automation
8 11 (10.19%) OO
9 10 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
10 9 (8.33%) BDD
10 9 (8.33%) Performance Optimisation
11 8 (7.41%) Front End Development
12 7 (6.48%) E-Commerce
12 7 (6.48%) Software Engineering
13 6 (5.56%) Prototyping
13 6 (5.56%) Rapid Prototyping
13 6 (5.56%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 91 (84.26%) JavaScript
2 59 (54.63%) SQL
3 44 (40.74%) Java
4 35 (32.41%) Python
5 31 (28.70%) C#
6 13 (12.04%) PHP
7 9 (8.33%) T-SQL
8 6 (5.56%) TypeScript
9 2 (1.85%) ES6
9 2 (1.85%) PowerShell
10 1 (0.93%) Perl
10 1 (0.93%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 15 (13.89%) Security Cleared
2 11 (10.19%) SC Cleared
3 10 (9.26%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.93%) BC Cleared
4 1 (0.93%) DBS Check
4 1 (0.93%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.70%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.93%) GDPR
System Software
1 1 (0.93%) KVM
1 1 (0.93%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 1 (0.93%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 9 (8.33%) Perforce
2 6 (5.56%) Microsoft
3 4 (3.70%) Oracle
4 2 (1.85%) SAP
5 1 (0.93%) Apple
5 1 (0.93%) IBM