Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > Wales
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 11 26 17
Rank change year-on-year +15 -9 +24
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 199 76 113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 12.10% 6.29% 7.98%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 13.75% 7.47% 9.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 182 58 75
Wales median daily rate £400 £375 £445
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -15.73% +25.35%
10th Percentile £313 £276 £280
90th Percentile £486 £475 £538
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Wales median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £43.13 £40.00
% change year-on-year -4.93% +7.81% +6.67%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,447 1,018 1,197
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 87.96% 84.27% 84.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,021 686 834
Wales median daily rate £415 £378 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.93% -5.63% +12.36%
10th Percentile £285 £177 £214
90th Percentile £575 £540 £575
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 51 42 54
Wales median hourly rate £15.00 £22.69 £19.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.89% +15.62% +28.69%
10th Percentile £10.75 £13.00 £10.58
90th Percentile £42.00 £53.85 £63.55
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.14 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.93% +2.84% +2.27%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Wales

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Wales

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Wales over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Wales

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Wales

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Wales region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +13 189 £400 +6.67% 36
West Wales +8 4 £419 - 2
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 152 (76.38%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (44.22%) Scrum
3 68 (34.17%) TDD
4 66 (33.17%) Selenium
5 60 (30.15%) Git (software)
6 57 (28.64%) Project Management
6 57 (28.64%) SQL Server
6 57 (28.64%) JIRA
7 56 (28.14%) Cucumber
8 49 (24.62%) Continuous Integration
8 49 (24.62%) Jenkins
9 46 (23.12%) Java
10 44 (22.11%) Web Services
11 43 (21.61%) SQL
12 42 (21.11%) C#
12 42 (21.11%) Kanban
13 41 (20.60%) QA
14 40 (20.10%) Software Engineering
14 40 (20.10%) SDLC
15 38 (19.10%) PHP
15 38 (19.10%) Oracle
16 36 (18.09%) SOA
16 36 (18.09%) Continuous Improvement
17 35 (17.59%) Regression Testing
18 34 (17.09%) Data Warehouse
18 34 (17.09%) .NET
19 33 (16.58%) MySQL
20 31 (15.58%) SOAP
21 30 (15.08%) Finance
22 28 (14.07%) Relational Database

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (12.06%) Confluence
2 11 (5.53%) WebSphere
3 9 (4.52%) WebSphere Application Server
4 3 (1.51%) Tomcat
4 3 (1.51%) WebLogic
5 2 (1.01%) Apache
6 1 (0.50%) IIS
6 1 (0.50%) Mule
6 1 (0.50%) WildFly
Applications
1 7 (3.52%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (1.51%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.51%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 22 (11.06%) Microsoft Azure
2 17 (8.54%) Amazon AWS
3 4 (2.01%) SaaS
4 2 (1.01%) GitHub
4 2 (1.01%) IaaS
4 2 (1.01%) NuGet
4 2 (1.01%) PaaS
4 2 (1.01%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 10 (5.03%) VPN
2 7 (3.52%) HTTP
3 6 (3.02%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.51%) Internet
4 3 (1.51%) Wireless
5 2 (1.01%) DNS
5 2 (1.01%) SSH
5 2 (1.01%) tcpdump
6 1 (0.50%) DSL
6 1 (0.50%) ISDN
6 1 (0.50%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 57 (28.64%) SQL Server
2 34 (17.09%) Data Warehouse
3 33 (16.58%) MySQL
4 28 (14.07%) Relational Database
5 12 (6.03%) Big Data
6 10 (5.03%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (3.52%) HPCC
8 6 (3.02%) SQL Server 2012
9 3 (1.51%) Blockchain
10 2 (1.01%) Apache Hive
10 2 (1.01%) Hadoop
11 1 (0.50%) Couchbase
11 1 (0.50%) MongoDB
11 1 (0.50%) NoSQL
11 1 (0.50%) Power BI
11 1 (0.50%) Redis
11 1 (0.50%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 66 (33.17%) Selenium
2 60 (30.15%) Git (software)
3 57 (28.64%) JIRA
4 56 (28.14%) Cucumber
5 49 (24.62%) Jenkins
6 27 (13.57%) Subversion
7 20 (10.05%) Maven
8 17 (8.54%) SoapUI
8 17 (8.54%) Visual Studio
9 15 (7.54%) WebDriver
10 14 (7.04%) SpecFlow
11 12 (6.03%) Artifactory
11 12 (6.03%) Visual Studio Team System
12 11 (5.53%) JUnit
13 9 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
14 8 (4.02%) Rational DOORS
15 7 (3.52%) Mercurial
15 7 (3.52%) TeamCity
16 6 (3.02%) Rational Team Concert
16 6 (3.02%) SonarQube
General
1 30 (15.08%) Finance
2 14 (7.04%) Publishing
3 9 (4.52%) Banking
4 5 (2.51%) Investment Banking
4 5 (2.51%) Legal
4 5 (2.51%) Military
5 4 (2.01%) Financial Institution
5 4 (2.01%) Games
6 2 (1.01%) Dutch Language
6 2 (1.01%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.50%) Law
Job Titles
1 65 (32.66%) Developer
2 59 (29.65%) Test Engineer
3 35 (17.59%) Test Automation Engineer
4 32 (16.08%) PHP Developer
4 32 (16.08%) Tester
5 24 (12.06%) Automation Tester
6 19 (9.55%) Software Engineer
7 18 (9.05%) PHP Software Engineer
8 17 (8.54%) Agile Developer
9 16 (8.04%) Analyst
10 15 (7.54%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 15 (7.54%) PHP Zend Developer
10 15 (7.54%) Test Analyst
11 14 (7.04%) Quality Engineer
12 13 (6.53%) .NET Developer
12 13 (6.53%) Java Developer
12 13 (6.53%) QA Engineer
12 13 (6.53%) Software Developer
13 11 (5.53%) Software Test Engineer
14 9 (4.52%) QA Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (22.11%) Web Services
2 34 (17.09%) .NET
3 31 (15.58%) SOAP
4 17 (8.54%) AngularJS
4 17 (8.54%) REST
5 15 (7.54%) Spring
6 13 (6.53%) Spring Boot
7 12 (6.03%) Hibernate
8 11 (5.53%) J2EE
8 11 (5.53%) Laravel
8 11 (5.53%) RESTful
9 9 (4.52%) .NET Framework
9 9 (4.52%) JMS
9 9 (4.52%) JSF
9 9 (4.52%) Node.js
10 8 (4.02%) ASP.NET
10 8 (4.02%) HTML
11 7 (3.52%) ASP.NET Web API
12 6 (3.02%) jQuery
12 6 (3.02%) Nightwatchjs
Miscellaneous
1 9 (4.52%) Greenfield Project
2 6 (3.02%) Analytical Skills
3 4 (2.01%) Management Information System
4 3 (1.51%) Blog
4 3 (1.51%) Linux Command Line
4 3 (1.51%) Self-Motivation
4 3 (1.51%) User Experience
5 2 (1.01%) Computer Science
5 2 (1.01%) Virtual Team
6 1 (0.50%) Digital Media
6 1 (0.50%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 9 (4.52%) Windows
2 5 (2.51%) Unix
3 3 (1.51%) Linux
4 2 (1.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 152 (76.38%) Agile Software Development
2 88 (44.22%) Scrum
3 68 (34.17%) TDD
4 57 (28.64%) Project Management
5 49 (24.62%) Continuous Integration
6 42 (21.11%) Kanban
7 40 (20.10%) SDLC
7 40 (20.10%) Software Engineering
8 36 (18.09%) Continuous Improvement
8 36 (18.09%) SOA
9 35 (17.59%) Regression Testing
10 28 (14.07%) API Testing
11 27 (13.57%) Test Management
12 25 (12.56%) BDD
13 24 (12.06%) Customer-Centric Approach
13 24 (12.06%) Customer-Centricity
14 22 (11.06%) Test Scripting
14 22 (11.06%) User Acceptance Testing
15 19 (9.55%) Product Management
16 18 (9.05%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 46 (23.12%) Java
2 43 (21.61%) SQL
3 42 (21.11%) C#
4 38 (19.10%) PHP
5 21 (10.55%) Groovy
6 18 (9.05%) Python
7 17 (8.54%) JavaScript
8 12 (6.03%) Ruby
9 10 (5.03%) Java 8
10 4 (2.01%) Perl
10 4 (2.01%) PowerShell
11 3 (1.51%) TypeScript
12 2 (1.01%) Bash Shell
12 2 (1.01%) Go
12 2 (1.01%) R
13 1 (0.50%) C
13 1 (0.50%) Scala
Qualifications
1 19 (9.55%) Security Cleared
2 13 (6.53%) SC Cleared
3 8 (4.02%) Degree
4 6 (3.02%) ISEB
5 5 (2.51%) ISTQB
6 4 (2.01%) CISSP
6 4 (2.01%) TOGAF Certification
7 3 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (1.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 2 (1.01%) MCP
8 2 (1.01%) Microsoft Certification
8 2 (1.01%) SSCP
9 1 (0.50%) CCNA
9 1 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
9 1 (0.50%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.50%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 41 (20.60%) QA
2 3 (1.51%) Disclosure Scotland
3 2 (1.01%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.01%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 17 (8.54%) Docker
2 2 (1.01%) iptables
2 2 (1.01%) NFS
Systems Management
1 11 (5.53%) Opscode Chef
2 5 (2.51%) Kubernetes
3 4 (2.01%) Ansible
4 2 (1.01%) Puppet
5 1 (0.50%) Automic
5 1 (0.50%) logstash
5 1 (0.50%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 38 (19.10%) Oracle
2 27 (13.57%) Zend
3 23 (11.56%) Microsoft
4 17 (8.54%) IBM
5 3 (1.51%) Adobe
6 2 (1.01%) Cloudera
6 2 (1.01%) Hortonworks
6 2 (1.01%) Micro Focus
6 2 (1.01%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.01%) Remedy
6 2 (1.01%) SAP
7 1 (0.50%) EMC