Period
to 12 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Yorkshire with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
England > Yorkshire
6 months to
12 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 19 22 38
Rank change year-on-year +3 +16 -12
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 338 278 249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Yorkshire 6.78% 6.25% 4.65%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.80% 7.31% 5.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 231 237 131
Yorkshire median daily rate £410 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.61% +3.13% -
10th Percentile £310 £325 £298
90th Percentile £538 £575 £519
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 0
Yorkshire median hourly rate £20.80 £14.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.55% - -
England median hourly rate £40.00 £43.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -7.51% +8.13% +4.58%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Yorkshire with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Yorkshire
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,334 3,803 4,578
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Yorkshire 86.99% 85.50% 85.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,948 2,513 2,962
Yorkshire median daily rate £413 £405 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.85% +1.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £281 £261 £260
90th Percentile £556 £550 £538
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 117 101 143
Yorkshire median hourly rate £17.00 £16.00 £14.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +9.85% +0.45%
10th Percentile £10.65 £10.50 £10.54
90th Percentile £41.50 £40.00 £34.71
England median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £22.84
% change year-on-year -12.00% +9.48% +3.80%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Yorkshire

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Yorkshire.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Yorkshire

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Yorkshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Yorkshire.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Yorkshire

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Yorkshire

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Yorkshire over the 6 months to 12 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Yorkshire

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Yorkshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Yorkshire.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Yorkshire

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in Yorkshire

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the Yorkshire region over the 6 months to 12 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
West Yorkshire +6 256 £400 -4.76% 69
South Yorkshire +1 74 £425 -1.16% 14
North Yorkshire -14 5 £350 +5.66% 4
East Yorkshire -1 2 £325 -20.92% 5
Test Automation
England

For the 6 months to 12 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Yorkshire region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 199 (58.88%) Agile Software Development
2 147 (43.49%) Java
3 124 (36.69%) Selenium
4 121 (35.80%) JavaScript
5 90 (26.63%) C#
6 86 (25.44%) BDD
7 83 (24.56%) Linux
8 82 (24.26%) Microservices
9 80 (23.67%) Continuous Integration
10 78 (23.08%) TDD
11 74 (21.89%) JIRA
12 71 (21.01%) Cucumber
13 66 (19.53%) Git (software)
14 57 (16.86%) Node.js
15 55 (16.27%) Test Scripting
15 55 (16.27%) SQL
16 54 (15.98%) SDLC
17 51 (15.09%) MySQL
18 50 (14.79%) Confluence
19 49 (14.50%) Software Engineering
20 46 (13.61%) .NET
20 46 (13.61%) MongoDB
20 46 (13.61%) Jenkins
21 45 (13.31%) DevOps
22 44 (13.02%) WebDriver
22 44 (13.02%) OO
23 41 (12.13%) Scrum
24 40 (11.83%) Docker
25 39 (11.54%) REST
26 38 (11.24%) NoSQL

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Yorkshire by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 50 (14.79%) Confluence
2 8 (2.37%) Tomcat
3 6 (1.78%) SharePoint
4 5 (1.48%) nginx
5 4 (1.18%) Apache Spark
5 4 (1.18%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 3 (0.89%) Apache
7 2 (0.59%) Apache Solr
7 2 (0.59%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (0.59%) WebSphere
8 1 (0.30%) BizTalk Server
8 1 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
8 1 (0.30%) Jetty
8 1 (0.30%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (0.59%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.30%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (0.59%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (0.59%) SAP HR
1 2 (0.59%) SAP Payroll
2 1 (0.30%) Distributed Ledger
Cloud Services
1 37 (10.95%) Amazon AWS
2 28 (8.28%) Slack
3 24 (7.10%) GitHub
4 22 (6.51%) Amazon EC2
5 14 (4.14%) Microsoft Azure
6 13 (3.85%) Heroku
7 9 (2.66%) SaaS
8 8 (2.37%) IaaS
9 6 (1.78%) PaaS
10 4 (1.18%) Amazon ELB
10 4 (1.18%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.18%) Google Analytics
10 4 (1.18%) Office 365
10 4 (1.18%) Route 53
10 4 (1.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 3 (0.89%) Google Cloud Platform
11 3 (0.89%) npm
12 2 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
12 2 (0.59%) OneDrive
12 2 (0.59%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.62%) HTTP
2 12 (3.55%) SSL
3 9 (2.66%) TCP/IP
4 6 (1.78%) DNS
4 6 (1.78%) Firewall
5 5 (1.48%) DHCP
5 5 (1.48%) FTP
5 5 (1.48%) IPsec
6 4 (1.18%) Internet
7 2 (0.59%) BGP
7 2 (0.59%) Cisco ASA
7 2 (0.59%) Cisco IOS
7 2 (0.59%) Intrusion Detection
7 2 (0.59%) MPLS
7 2 (0.59%) NX-OS
7 2 (0.59%) OSPF
7 2 (0.59%) SSH
7 2 (0.59%) VPLS
7 2 (0.59%) VPN
7 2 (0.59%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (15.09%) MySQL
2 46 (13.61%) MongoDB
3 38 (11.24%) NoSQL
4 31 (9.17%) PostgreSQL
5 17 (5.03%) Relational Database
6 16 (4.73%) SQL Server
7 15 (4.44%) Amazon RDS
8 7 (2.07%) Big Data
9 6 (1.78%) Apache Cassandra
9 6 (1.78%) RDBMS
10 5 (1.48%) Apache Hive
10 5 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
10 5 (1.48%) Hadoop
10 5 (1.48%) Neo4j
10 5 (1.48%) Redis
11 3 (0.89%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 3 (0.89%) HBase
12 2 (0.59%) BusinessObjects
12 2 (0.59%) Couchbase
12 2 (0.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 124 (36.69%) Selenium
2 74 (21.89%) JIRA
3 71 (21.01%) Cucumber
4 66 (19.53%) Git (software)
5 46 (13.61%) Jenkins
6 44 (13.02%) WebDriver
7 25 (7.40%) Maven
8 18 (5.33%) Vagrant
9 15 (4.44%) PHPUnit
10 14 (4.14%) JMeter
10 14 (4.14%) Team Foundation Server
11 13 (3.85%) SoapUI
12 12 (3.55%) Gatling
13 11 (3.25%) IntelliJ
14 9 (2.66%) Protractor
14 9 (2.66%) Visual Studio Team System
15 8 (2.37%) GitLab
16 7 (2.07%) Visual Studio
17 6 (1.78%) SpecFlow
17 6 (1.78%) Subversion
General
1 17 (5.03%) Finance
2 7 (2.07%) Banking
2 7 (2.07%) Retail
3 5 (1.48%) Games
4 2 (0.59%) Law
4 2 (0.59%) Legal
4 2 (0.59%) Marketing
5 1 (0.30%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.30%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 116 (34.32%) Developer
2 65 (19.23%) Tester
3 58 (17.16%) Automation Tester
4 44 (13.02%) Test Engineer
5 43 (12.72%) Java Developer
6 41 (12.13%) Analyst
7 40 (11.83%) Test Analyst
8 34 (10.06%) Test Automation Engineer
9 18 (5.33%) Selenium Automation Tester
9 18 (5.33%) Selenium Tester
9 18 (5.33%) Software Engineer
10 17 (5.03%) Agile Tester
11 16 (4.73%) Developer in Test
11 16 (4.73%) Full Stack Developer
12 15 (4.44%) DevOps Engineer
12 15 (4.44%) PHP Developer
13 13 (3.85%) Agile Developer
13 13 (3.85%) Java Engineer
13 13 (3.85%) Test Automation Developer
14 12 (3.55%) Automation Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 57 (16.86%) Node.js
2 46 (13.61%) .NET
3 39 (11.54%) REST
4 31 (9.17%) Spring
5 29 (8.58%) Kafka
6 28 (8.28%) Spring Boot
7 24 (7.10%) HTML
7 24 (7.10%) RESTful
8 22 (6.51%) CSS
8 22 (6.51%) Hibernate
8 22 (6.51%) React
9 20 (5.92%) Gherkin
10 15 (4.44%) Doctrine
10 15 (4.44%) SOAP
11 13 (3.85%) XML
12 12 (3.55%) AngularJS
12 12 (3.55%) HTML5
13 11 (3.25%) CSS3
13 11 (3.25%) JSON
14 10 (2.96%) Elastic Stack
Miscellaneous
1 16 (4.73%) Self-Motivation
2 15 (4.44%) Analytical Skills
3 10 (2.96%) Mobile App
4 9 (2.66%) Greenfield Project
5 8 (2.37%) Management Information System
6 7 (2.07%) Mainframe
6 7 (2.07%) N-Tier
7 6 (1.78%) iSeries
8 5 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
8 5 (1.48%) IVR
8 5 (1.48%) User Experience
9 4 (1.18%) Algorithms
9 4 (1.18%) Data Centre
9 4 (1.18%) Data Structures
10 3 (0.89%) Cyberthreat
11 2 (0.59%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
11 2 (0.59%) PKI
12 1 (0.30%) Life Science
12 1 (0.30%) NHS
12 1 (0.30%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 83 (24.56%) Linux
2 27 (7.99%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 25 (7.40%) Windows
4 15 (4.44%) Unix
4 15 (4.44%) VMS
5 7 (2.07%) Mac OS X
5 7 (2.07%) Ubuntu
6 6 (1.78%) CentOS
7 2 (0.59%) Data ONTAP
7 2 (0.59%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.30%) Android
8 1 (0.30%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 199 (58.88%) Agile Software Development
2 86 (25.44%) BDD
3 82 (24.26%) Microservices
4 80 (23.67%) Continuous Integration
5 78 (23.08%) TDD
6 55 (16.27%) Test Scripting
7 54 (15.98%) SDLC
8 49 (14.50%) Software Engineering
9 45 (13.31%) DevOps
10 44 (13.02%) OO
11 41 (12.13%) Scrum
12 35 (10.36%) Non-Functional Testing
13 33 (9.76%) Web Development
14 32 (9.47%) API Testing
15 30 (8.88%) Mentoring
15 30 (8.88%) Unit Testing
16 29 (8.58%) Open Source
17 27 (7.99%) Configuration Management
17 27 (7.99%) Continuous Deployment
17 27 (7.99%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 147 (43.49%) Java
2 121 (35.80%) JavaScript
3 90 (26.63%) C#
4 55 (16.27%) SQL
5 34 (10.06%) Python
6 19 (5.62%) PHP
7 15 (4.44%) Java 8
7 15 (4.44%) PHP 7
8 12 (3.55%) Scala
9 9 (2.66%) Ruby
10 7 (2.07%) Kotlin
11 6 (1.78%) Bash Shell
11 6 (1.78%) Go
11 6 (1.78%) Perl
12 5 (1.48%) Groovy
13 4 (1.18%) Haskell
13 4 (1.18%) Shell Script
14 3 (0.89%) PowerShell
15 2 (0.59%) ES6
15 2 (0.59%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 20 (5.92%) Security Cleared
2 18 (5.33%) ISEB
3 16 (4.73%) BPSS Clearance
3 16 (4.73%) ISTQB
4 15 (4.44%) Degree
5 12 (3.55%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (3.55%) SC Cleared
6 3 (0.89%) BC Cleared
6 3 (0.89%) CCNP
6 3 (0.89%) Cisco Certification
6 3 (0.89%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 2 (0.59%) CCIE
7 2 (0.59%) CISM
7 2 (0.59%) CISSP
7 2 (0.59%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.30%) CCDP
8 1 (0.30%) Chartered Engineer
8 1 (0.30%) CISA
8 1 (0.30%) Master's Degree
8 1 (0.30%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (9.76%) QA
2 5 (1.48%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.30%) GDPR
System Software
1 40 (11.83%) Docker
2 5 (1.48%) Virtual Machines
2 5 (1.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (0.59%) XenApp
4 1 (0.30%) ACF2
4 1 (0.30%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.30%) KVM
4 1 (0.30%) QEMU
4 1 (0.30%) RACF
4 1 (0.30%) Xen
Systems Management
1 27 (7.99%) Puppet
2 18 (5.33%) Opscode Chef
3 13 (3.85%) Grafana
4 11 (3.25%) Kubernetes
5 9 (2.66%) Ansible
6 8 (2.37%) Terraform
7 7 (2.07%) Kibana
7 7 (2.07%) Prometheus
8 5 (1.48%) HP ALM
9 4 (1.18%) Packer
9 4 (1.18%) Rancher
10 3 (0.89%) HP Quality Center
11 2 (0.59%) Graphite
11 2 (0.59%) Graylog
12 1 (0.30%) Cobbler
12 1 (0.30%) HAProxy
12 1 (0.30%) Rundeck
12 1 (0.30%) Salt
12 1 (0.30%) vRealize
12 1 (0.30%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 20 (5.92%) Microsoft
2 15 (4.44%) Zend
3 9 (2.66%) Google
3 9 (2.66%) Oracle
4 8 (2.37%) HP
4 8 (2.37%) VMware
5 5 (1.48%) Cisco
5 5 (1.48%) Perfecto Mobile
6 4 (1.18%) Adobe
6 4 (1.18%) Atlassian
6 4 (1.18%) Black Duck
7 3 (0.89%) NetApp
8 2 (0.59%) CheckPoint
8 2 (0.59%) Citrix
8 2 (0.59%) EnterpriseDB
8 2 (0.59%) IBM
8 2 (0.59%) Pega
8 2 (0.59%) Red Hat
8 2 (0.59%) SAP
8 2 (0.59%) Sitecore