Period
to 23 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 38 24 37
Rank change year-on-year -14 +13 -1
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 3,454 6,460 5,111
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.24% 7.07% 5.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.13% 8.09% 6.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,329 4,339 3,652
England median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 48 76
England median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -5.56% +14.30%
10th Percentile £16.45 £20.99 £23.67
90th Percentile £70.50 £49.13 £64.75
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -1.18% - +7.95%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 56,306 79,810 79,952
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.47% 87.40% 86.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 37,039 53,321 53,909
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £290 £300 £285
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,806 1,965 1,884
England median hourly rate £22.50 £23.50 £23.14
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.26% +1.56% -2.57%
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.44 £11.35
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.06 £49.75
UK median hourly rate £22.88 £23.50 £23.00
% change year-on-year -2.66% +2.17% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -21 1,552 £500 - 425
South East -6 691 £463 +2.78% 274
North of England -14 464 £425 - 276
South West -4 340 £425 - 148
Midlands -10 221 £413 -2.94% 143
Yorkshire -5 198 £450 +5.88% 116
East of England -4 176 £450 -2.96% 112
North East +3 142 £425 -1.45% 38
West Midlands -16 125 £444 +1.43% 67
North West -53 125 £439 +3.24% 122
East Midlands -1 94 £413 +3.13% 76
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,039 (59.03%) Agile Software Development
2 1,106 (32.02%) Java
3 926 (26.81%) DevOps
4 910 (26.35%) Selenium
5 846 (24.49%) JavaScript
6 751 (21.74%) Scrum
7 747 (21.63%) C#
8 732 (21.19%) Continuous Integration
9 725 (20.99%) SQL
10 695 (20.12%) TDD
11 690 (19.98%) Azure
12 658 (19.05%) Jenkins
13 651 (18.85%) Git (software)
14 588 (17.02%) JIRA
15 574 (16.62%) QA
16 549 (15.89%) BDD
17 543 (15.72%) Cucumber
18 539 (15.61%) Python
19 509 (14.74%) HTML
20 482 (13.95%) Finance
21 478 (13.84%) .NET
22 477 (13.81%) Security Cleared
23 467 (13.52%) CSS
24 455 (13.17%) Linux
25 447 (12.94%) AWS
26 434 (12.57%) Microservices
27 420 (12.16%) Docker
28 398 (11.52%) Microsoft
29 338 (9.79%) Software Engineering
30 334 (9.67%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 279 (8.08%) Confluence
2 72 (2.08%) Apache
2 72 (2.08%) Tomcat
3 44 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
3 44 (1.27%) nginx
4 38 (1.10%) WebLogic
5 36 (1.04%) Apache Spark
6 35 (1.01%) SharePoint
7 20 (0.58%) JBoss
7 20 (0.58%) OpenStack
8 17 (0.49%) CMS
9 14 (0.41%) Jetty
10 13 (0.38%) IIS
11 12 (0.35%) Cloud Foundry
11 12 (0.35%) Drupal
11 12 (0.35%) SAS
12 11 (0.32%) Anypoint
12 11 (0.32%) NServiceBus
12 11 (0.32%) Umbraco
13 9 (0.26%) Mule
Applications
1 29 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.58%) Microsoft Project
3 17 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.12%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.087%) Windchill
8 2 (0.058%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.058%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.029%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.029%) Autodesk Inventor
9 1 (0.029%) CATIA
9 1 (0.029%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.029%) Simulink
9 1 (0.029%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 38 (1.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
3 12 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
3 12 (0.35%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.29%) BusinessWorks
5 9 (0.26%) thinkFolio
6 8 (0.23%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
9 4 (0.12%) Maximo
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle Financials
9 4 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
9 4 (0.12%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.087%) ION MarketView
10 3 (0.087%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.087%) SAP FI-CA
10 3 (0.087%) SAP PSCD
11 2 (0.058%) SAP EWM
Cloud Services
1 690 (19.98%) Azure
2 447 (12.94%) AWS
3 233 (6.75%) GitHub
4 122 (3.53%) PaaS
5 105 (3.04%) GCP
6 90 (2.61%) Serverless
7 80 (2.32%) Power Platform
8 69 (2.00%) IaaS
9 52 (1.51%) OpenShift
10 50 (1.45%) SaaS
11 44 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
12 39 (1.13%) Azure Active Directory
13 38 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
13 38 (1.10%) BrowserStack
13 38 (1.10%) npm
14 35 (1.01%) Google Analytics
15 34 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
15 34 (0.98%) Slack
16 26 (0.75%) Heroku
17 23 (0.67%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 163 (4.72%) HTTP
2 96 (2.78%) TCP/IP
3 47 (1.36%) SSL
4 43 (1.24%) DNS
5 38 (1.10%) Firewall
5 38 (1.10%) Internet
6 27 (0.78%) DHCP
7 24 (0.69%) VPN
8 23 (0.67%) DSL
9 21 (0.61%) Ethernet
9 21 (0.61%) Wireless
10 19 (0.55%) IPv6
11 18 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
11 18 (0.52%) Wireshark
12 17 (0.49%) HTTPS
12 17 (0.49%) IPv4
12 17 (0.49%) Multicast
13 16 (0.46%) Kerberos
14 14 (0.41%) WLAN
15 13 (0.38%) Broadband
Database & Business Intelligence
1 234 (6.77%) SQL Server
2 179 (5.18%) Relational Database
3 168 (4.86%) NoSQL
4 140 (4.05%) MongoDB
5 91 (2.63%) Data Lake
6 88 (2.55%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 86 (2.49%) Data Warehouse
7 86 (2.49%) MySQL
8 82 (2.37%) PostgreSQL
9 79 (2.29%) Big Data
10 78 (2.26%) Power BI
11 53 (1.53%) Redis
12 45 (1.30%) Azure SQL Database
13 42 (1.22%) HDInsight
14 37 (1.07%) Hadoop
15 33 (0.96%) Amazon Redshift
16 32 (0.93%) Oracle Database
17 31 (0.90%) Apache Cassandra
18 23 (0.67%) RDBMS
19 20 (0.58%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 910 (26.35%) Selenium
2 658 (19.05%) Jenkins
3 651 (18.85%) Git (software)
4 588 (17.02%) JIRA
5 543 (15.72%) Cucumber
6 221 (6.40%) WebDriver
7 181 (5.24%) Visual Studio
8 176 (5.10%) SpecFlow
9 171 (4.95%) JMeter
9 171 (4.95%) JUnit
10 160 (4.63%) Maven
11 138 (4.00%) Visual Studio Team System
12 121 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
13 120 (3.47%) SoapUI
14 115 (3.33%) Postman
15 110 (3.18%) Gatling
16 108 (3.13%) TeamCity
17 79 (2.29%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 75 (2.17%) gulp
19 67 (1.94%) Bitbucket
General
1 482 (13.95%) Finance
2 224 (6.49%) Public Sector
3 198 (5.73%) Banking
4 97 (2.81%) Retail
5 68 (1.97%) Telecoms
6 53 (1.53%) Manufacturing
7 48 (1.39%) Front Office
8 42 (1.22%) Law
9 41 (1.19%) Marketing
10 38 (1.10%) Investment Banking
11 34 (0.98%) Electronics
12 31 (0.90%) Back Office
13 30 (0.87%) Legal
14 29 (0.84%) Retail Banking
15 24 (0.69%) Games
16 22 (0.64%) Financial Institution
17 21 (0.61%) Publishing
18 16 (0.46%) Advertising
19 13 (0.38%) Police
20 12 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,217 (35.23%) Developer
2 467 (13.52%) Tester
3 364 (10.54%) Analyst
4 312 (9.03%) Test Analyst
5 310 (8.98%) Test Engineer
6 296 (8.57%) Automation Tester
7 258 (7.47%) Java Developer
8 213 (6.17%) DevOps Engineer
9 181 (5.24%) Senior Developer
10 145 (4.20%) Test Automation Engineer
11 134 (3.88%) Software Developer
12 120 (3.47%) Automation Test Analyst
13 118 (3.42%) .NET Developer
14 116 (3.36%) Software Engineer
14 116 (3.36%) Test Manager
15 109 (3.16%) C# Developer
16 102 (2.95%) Test Leader
17 93 (2.69%) Architect
18 90 (2.61%) JavaScript Developer
19 89 (2.58%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 509 (14.74%) HTML
2 478 (13.84%) .NET
3 467 (13.52%) CSS
4 329 (9.53%) RESTful
5 323 (9.35%) Node.js
6 311 (9.00%) AngularJS
7 310 (8.98%) Web Services
8 297 (8.60%) REST
9 274 (7.93%) Spring
10 262 (7.59%) React
11 253 (7.32%) JSON
12 212 (6.14%) XML
13 210 (6.08%) HTML5
14 184 (5.33%) Gherkin
15 151 (4.37%) SOAP
16 132 (3.82%) Spring Boot
17 114 (3.30%) CSS3
18 105 (3.04%) ASP.NET
19 104 (3.01%) Redux
20 91 (2.63%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 220 (6.37%) Analytical Skills
2 149 (4.31%) User Experience
3 95 (2.75%) Mobile App
4 80 (2.32%) Data Structures
5 75 (2.17%) Greenfield Project
6 65 (1.88%) Algorithms
7 64 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
8 55 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 53 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
10 45 (1.30%) Virtual Team
11 37 (1.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 34 (0.98%) Blog
12 34 (0.98%) Equities
13 33 (0.96%) Management Information System
14 32 (0.93%) Derivative
15 29 (0.84%) Cloud Native
16 27 (0.78%) Public Cloud
17 24 (0.69%) Fixed Income
18 21 (0.61%) Data Centre
18 21 (0.61%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 455 (13.17%) Linux
2 280 (8.11%) Windows
3 250 (7.24%) Unix
4 68 (1.97%) Android
5 66 (1.91%) Apple iOS
6 57 (1.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 48 (1.39%) Ubuntu
8 40 (1.16%) Mac OS X
9 37 (1.07%) CentOS
9 37 (1.07%) Windows Server
10 32 (0.93%) Mac OS
11 20 (0.58%) Debian
12 16 (0.46%) Windows 10
13 10 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
14 9 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
15 8 (0.23%) VMS
16 7 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
18 5 (0.14%) Solaris
19 4 (0.12%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,039 (59.03%) Agile Software Development
2 926 (26.81%) DevOps
3 751 (21.74%) Scrum
4 732 (21.19%) Continuous Integration
5 695 (20.12%) TDD
6 549 (15.89%) BDD
7 434 (12.57%) Microservices
8 338 (9.79%) Software Engineering
9 334 (9.67%) Test Scripting
10 303 (8.77%) Problem-Solving
11 287 (8.31%) Kanban
11 287 (8.31%) Open Source
12 271 (7.85%) Continuous Delivery
13 269 (7.79%) Test Strategy
14 226 (6.54%) SDLC
15 220 (6.37%) Unit Testing
16 217 (6.28%) Regression Testing
17 214 (6.20%) Continuous Deployment
18 205 (5.94%) Performance Testing
19 204 (5.91%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,106 (32.02%) Java
2 846 (24.49%) JavaScript
3 747 (21.63%) C#
4 725 (20.99%) SQL
5 539 (15.61%) Python
6 235 (6.80%) Ruby
7 188 (5.44%) PowerShell
8 187 (5.41%) Scala
9 174 (5.04%) TypeScript
10 153 (4.43%) Java 8
11 127 (3.68%) C++
12 124 (3.59%) C
13 112 (3.24%) Bash Shell
14 80 (2.32%) ES6
15 72 (2.08%) Shell Script
16 63 (1.82%) T-SQL
17 62 (1.80%) Groovy
18 59 (1.71%) Perl
19 58 (1.68%) PHP
20 52 (1.51%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 477 (13.81%) Security Cleared
2 331 (9.58%) SC Cleared
3 249 (7.21%) ISTQB
4 201 (5.82%) Degree
5 197 (5.70%) ISEB
6 117 (3.39%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 72 (2.08%) DV Cleared
8 67 (1.94%) BPSS Clearance
9 40 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
10 30 (0.87%) Master's Degree
11 17 (0.49%) ISEB Practitioner
12 16 (0.46%) DBS Check
13 10 (0.29%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 9 (0.26%) AWS Certification
15 8 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
16 7 (0.20%) BC Cleared
17 5 (0.14%) CISSP
17 5 (0.14%) MCSE
17 5 (0.14%) PhD
18 4 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 574 (16.62%) QA
2 56 (1.62%) WCAG
3 22 (0.64%) Data Quality
4 19 (0.55%) GDPR
5 14 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (0.14%) JTAG
7 4 (0.12%) MiFID
8 3 (0.087%) EMIR
8 3 (0.087%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.087%) PMO
8 3 (0.087%) SLA
9 2 (0.058%) HL7
9 2 (0.058%) NIST
9 2 (0.058%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.029%) GxP
10 1 (0.029%) IFRS
10 1 (0.029%) ISO 26262
10 1 (0.029%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.029%) PSD2
10 1 (0.029%) Solvency II
System Software
1 420 (12.16%) Docker
2 81 (2.35%) Virtual Machines
3 73 (2.11%) Active Directory
4 30 (0.87%) vSphere
5 29 (0.84%) VMware Infrastructure
6 14 (0.41%) HDFS
7 6 (0.17%) Firmware
8 5 (0.14%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.12%) LXC
9 4 (0.12%) NFS
10 3 (0.087%) KVM
10 3 (0.087%) oVirt
10 3 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
10 3 (0.087%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.058%) iptables
11 2 (0.058%) NDS
11 2 (0.058%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.058%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.058%) VMware NSX
12 1 (0.029%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 286 (8.28%) Kubernetes
2 186 (5.39%) Ansible
3 155 (4.49%) Terraform
4 116 (3.36%) Puppet
5 76 (2.20%) Opscode Chef
6 50 (1.45%) Grafana
7 46 (1.33%) Kibana
8 45 (1.30%) HP Quality Center
9 40 (1.16%) HP ALM
10 24 (0.69%) Packer
11 14 (0.41%) OpenView Configuration Management
12 12 (0.35%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.35%) Nagios
13 10 (0.29%) Prometheus
13 10 (0.29%) Salt
14 9 (0.26%) HAProxy
15 8 (0.23%) Control-M
16 7 (0.20%) SCCM
17 6 (0.17%) WSUS
18 5 (0.14%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 398 (11.52%) Microsoft
2 205 (5.94%) Oracle
3 162 (4.69%) Google
4 94 (2.72%) SAP
5 82 (2.37%) Atlassian
6 60 (1.74%) VMware
7 57 (1.65%) HP
8 36 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
9 35 (1.01%) Splunk
10 33 (0.96%) hybris
11 30 (0.87%) IBM
12 27 (0.78%) MuleSoft
13 26 (0.75%) Adobe
14 25 (0.72%) webMethods
15 24 (0.69%) Cisco
15 24 (0.69%) ServiceNow
15 24 (0.69%) Tableau
16 23 (0.67%) New Relic
17 22 (0.64%) Red Hat
18 17 (0.49%) Informatica