Period
to 23 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 36 34 38
Rank change year-on-year -2 +4 +15
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5,111 4,575 4,443
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.52% 5.12% 4.53%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.52% 6.10% 5.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,652 3,051 3,082
England median daily rate £450 £425 £406
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.62% +1.56%
10th Percentile £313 £293 £283
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 42 84
England median hourly rate £45.00 £39.37 £39.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.30% -0.79% +12.58%
10th Percentile £23.67 £31.30 £28.50
90th Percentile £64.75 £55.50 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £39.37 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.95% -1.58% +14.29%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 78,362 75,019 81,191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.61% 84.03% 82.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,924 50,072 53,427
England median daily rate £450 £435 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +6.12%
10th Percentile £293 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,820 2,045 2,486
England median hourly rate £23.63 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.50% +8.70% +15.00%
10th Percentile £11.44 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.19 £49.75
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.44 £24.00
% change year-on-year -3.85% +1.83% +20.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 23 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 2,695 £500 +11.11% 687
South East +5 925 £425 +7.59% 289
North of England +2 654 £400 +1.27% 324
Midlands 0 393 £400 +6.67% 184
North West +1 298 £375 -6.25% 166
Yorkshire +9 290 £400 - 139
South West -7 260 £380 +5.56% 109
West Midlands +4 235 £400 +7.38% 84
East of England -12 200 £450 +5.88% 126
East Midlands +1 155 £380 -5.00% 98
North East -5 69 £413 +17.86% 19
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 23 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,229 (63.18%) Agile Software Development
2 2,270 (44.41%) Java
3 1,536 (30.05%) TDD
4 1,442 (28.21%) Selenium
5 1,432 (28.02%) Continuous Integration
6 1,350 (26.41%) BDD
7 1,313 (25.69%) JavaScript
8 1,285 (25.14%) Git (software)
9 1,240 (24.26%) Scrum
10 1,070 (20.94%) Jenkins
11 1,001 (19.59%) SQL
12 987 (19.31%) QA
13 967 (18.92%) Cucumber
14 947 (18.53%) Finance
15 928 (18.16%) JIRA
16 905 (17.71%) C#
17 835 (16.34%) DevOps
18 783 (15.32%) HTML
19 768 (15.03%) Linux
20 730 (14.28%) Python
21 700 (13.70%) CSS
22 690 (13.50%) REST
23 665 (13.01%) Web Services
24 630 (12.33%) .NET
25 604 (11.82%) Banking
26 582 (11.39%) Amazon AWS
27 567 (11.09%) RESTful
28 563 (11.02%) Kanban
29 539 (10.55%) AngularJS
29 539 (10.55%) Continuous Delivery

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 465 (9.10%) Confluence
2 133 (2.60%) Apache
3 102 (2.00%) JBoss
4 100 (1.96%) Tomcat
5 90 (1.76%) Elasticsearch
6 89 (1.74%) CMS
7 88 (1.72%) Apache Spark
8 75 (1.47%) WildFly
9 66 (1.29%) SharePoint
10 58 (1.13%) WebSphere
11 57 (1.12%) WebLogic
12 52 (1.02%) nginx
13 46 (0.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 28 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 26 (0.51%) Drupal
16 24 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
17 22 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
18 19 (0.37%) Jetty
18 19 (0.37%) OpenStack
19 18 (0.35%) IIS
Applications
1 60 (1.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
4 10 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 8 (0.16%) Simulink
5 8 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 6 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.12%) Mingle
6 6 (0.12%) Photoshop
6 6 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
7 2 (0.039%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.020%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
8 1 (0.020%) HipChat
8 1 (0.020%) InVision
Business Applications
1 33 (0.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.43%) Magento
3 18 (0.35%) ION MarketView
4 13 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
5 12 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 10 (0.20%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 9 (0.18%) Markit EDM
8 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.098%) Endur
10 3 (0.059%) IntelliMatch
10 3 (0.059%) Misys Midas
10 3 (0.059%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.059%) Oracle Applications
10 3 (0.059%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.059%) Summit
11 2 (0.039%) Oracle EBS R12
11 2 (0.039%) Oracle Payables
11 2 (0.039%) Oracle Receivables
11 2 (0.039%) Payment Gateway
11 2 (0.039%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 582 (11.39%) Amazon AWS
2 321 (6.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 179 (3.50%) GitHub
4 111 (2.17%) npm
5 81 (1.58%) Slack
6 78 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
7 68 (1.33%) PaaS
8 65 (1.27%) Serverless
9 59 (1.15%) IaaS
10 54 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
11 53 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
12 50 (0.98%) Amazon S3
13 47 (0.92%) SaaS
14 40 (0.78%) Google Cloud Platform
14 40 (0.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 39 (0.76%) OpenShift
16 37 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
17 35 (0.68%) Sauce Labs
18 34 (0.67%) BrowserStack
19 24 (0.47%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 255 (4.99%) HTTP
2 124 (2.43%) TCP/IP
3 96 (1.88%) Internet
4 48 (0.94%) SSL
5 46 (0.90%) SMS
6 44 (0.86%) DNS
7 33 (0.65%) Wireless
8 32 (0.63%) Firewall
9 21 (0.41%) Bluetooth
10 20 (0.39%) PuTTY
11 19 (0.37%) DHCP
11 19 (0.37%) WinSCP
12 16 (0.31%) IPsec
13 14 (0.27%) FIX Connectivity
14 12 (0.23%) VPN
15 9 (0.18%) 3G
15 9 (0.18%) ATM
15 9 (0.18%) Cisco ASA
15 9 (0.18%) Cisco Nexus
15 9 (0.18%) LTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 434 (8.49%) Relational Database
2 368 (7.20%) SQL Server
3 359 (7.02%) MongoDB
4 334 (6.53%) NoSQL
5 244 (4.77%) MySQL
6 220 (4.30%) PostgreSQL
7 208 (4.07%) RDBMS
8 180 (3.52%) Big Data
9 161 (3.15%) Redis
10 126 (2.47%) Hadoop
11 86 (1.68%) Apache Cassandra
12 82 (1.60%) Oracle Database
13 64 (1.25%) Data Warehouse
14 51 (1.00%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 45 (0.88%) SQL Server 2012
16 42 (0.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 39 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
18 33 (0.65%) Apache Hive
18 33 (0.65%) SQL Server 2016
19 32 (0.63%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 1,442 (28.21%) Selenium
2 1,285 (25.14%) Git (software)
3 1,070 (20.94%) Jenkins
4 967 (18.92%) Cucumber
5 928 (18.16%) JIRA
6 480 (9.39%) WebDriver
7 451 (8.82%) JUnit
8 439 (8.59%) Maven
9 334 (6.53%) Subversion
10 289 (5.65%) SoapUI
11 264 (5.17%) SpecFlow
12 246 (4.81%) JMeter
13 232 (4.54%) TeamCity
14 213 (4.17%) Jasmine
15 208 (4.07%) Team Foundation Server
16 183 (3.58%) Visual Studio
17 165 (3.23%) Appium
18 161 (3.15%) Bitbucket
19 156 (3.05%) SonarQube
20 154 (3.01%) gulp
General
1 947 (18.53%) Finance
2 604 (11.82%) Banking
3 195 (3.82%) Retail
4 187 (3.66%) Investment Banking
5 160 (3.13%) Games
6 153 (2.99%) Telecoms
7 108 (2.11%) Marketing
8 98 (1.92%) Front Office
9 73 (1.43%) Manufacturing
10 53 (1.04%) Electronics
11 47 (0.92%) Financial Institution
12 43 (0.84%) Back Office
13 40 (0.78%) Law
14 33 (0.65%) Retail Banking
15 30 (0.59%) Advertising
15 30 (0.59%) Publishing
16 20 (0.39%) Billing
17 19 (0.37%) Automotive
18 17 (0.33%) Legal
19 12 (0.23%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,031 (39.74%) Developer
2 726 (14.20%) Java Developer
3 714 (13.97%) Tester
4 686 (13.42%) Analyst
5 551 (10.78%) Test Analyst
6 443 (8.67%) Automation Tester
7 352 (6.89%) Test Engineer
8 292 (5.71%) Automation Test Analyst
9 276 (5.40%) Senior Developer
10 267 (5.22%) DevOps Engineer
11 213 (4.17%) Developer in Test
12 212 (4.15%) C# Developer
13 211 (4.13%) Test Automation Engineer
14 209 (4.09%) JavaScript Developer
15 185 (3.62%) .NET Developer
16 155 (3.03%) QA Engineer
17 154 (3.01%) Software Engineer
18 152 (2.97%) QA Tester
19 147 (2.88%) Agile Developer
20 144 (2.82%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 783 (15.32%) HTML
2 700 (13.70%) CSS
3 690 (13.50%) REST
4 665 (13.01%) Web Services
5 630 (12.33%) .NET
6 567 (11.09%) RESTful
7 539 (10.55%) AngularJS
8 486 (9.51%) Spring
9 471 (9.22%) Node.js
10 462 (9.04%) HTML5
11 400 (7.83%) JSON
12 350 (6.85%) React
13 308 (6.03%) SOAP
14 299 (5.85%) Gherkin
15 280 (5.48%) XML
16 259 (5.07%) CSS3
17 243 (4.75%) Hibernate
18 216 (4.23%) jQuery
19 200 (3.91%) Spring Boot
20 181 (3.54%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 260 (5.09%) Mobile App
2 251 (4.91%) Analytical Skills
3 229 (4.48%) Computer Science
4 195 (3.82%) Greenfield Project
5 171 (3.35%) User Experience
6 103 (2.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 103 (2.02%) Linux Command Line
7 99 (1.94%) Fintech
8 89 (1.74%) Virtual Team
9 79 (1.55%) Data Structures
10 72 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
11 58 (1.13%) Algorithms
11 58 (1.13%) Equities
12 54 (1.06%) Management Information System
13 53 (1.04%) Fixed Income
14 50 (0.98%) Public Cloud
15 45 (0.88%) Derivative
16 34 (0.67%) N-Tier
17 29 (0.57%) Mainframe
18 28 (0.55%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 768 (15.03%) Linux
2 422 (8.26%) Unix
3 345 (6.75%) Windows
4 239 (4.68%) Android
5 197 (3.85%) Apple iOS
6 141 (2.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 127 (2.48%) Mac OS X
8 72 (1.41%) VMS
9 46 (0.90%) Windows Server
10 34 (0.67%) Windows Server 2012
11 32 (0.63%) CentOS
12 27 (0.53%) Ubuntu
13 20 (0.39%) Windows 10
14 16 (0.31%) Solaris
15 11 (0.22%) Mac OS
16 9 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.14%) Nucleus RTOS
18 6 (0.12%) Windows 8
19 5 (0.098%) CoreOS
19 5 (0.098%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,229 (63.18%) Agile Software Development
2 1,536 (30.05%) TDD
3 1,432 (28.02%) Continuous Integration
4 1,350 (26.41%) BDD
5 1,240 (24.26%) Scrum
6 835 (16.34%) DevOps
7 563 (11.02%) Kanban
8 539 (10.55%) Continuous Delivery
9 514 (10.06%) Microservices
10 506 (9.90%) Unit Testing
11 496 (9.70%) OO
12 483 (9.45%) Test Scripting
13 480 (9.39%) Software Engineering
14 461 (9.02%) Open Source
15 439 (8.59%) SDLC
16 385 (7.53%) Configuration Management
17 362 (7.08%) Mentoring
18 352 (6.89%) Test Strategy
19 338 (6.61%) User Stories
20 323 (6.32%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,270 (44.41%) Java
2 1,313 (25.69%) JavaScript
3 1,001 (19.59%) SQL
4 905 (17.71%) C#
5 730 (14.28%) Python
6 434 (8.49%) Ruby
7 238 (4.66%) Scala
8 189 (3.70%) Groovy
9 162 (3.17%) ES6
10 146 (2.86%) C++
11 135 (2.64%) Bash Shell
12 130 (2.54%) PHP
13 129 (2.52%) Perl
14 125 (2.45%) PowerShell
15 123 (2.41%) TypeScript
16 107 (2.09%) C
17 98 (1.92%) Shell Script
18 95 (1.86%) Apple Swift
19 83 (1.62%) T-SQL
20 67 (1.31%) JPQL
Qualifications
1 435 (8.51%) Security Cleared
2 339 (6.63%) Degree
3 310 (6.07%) SC Cleared
4 211 (4.13%) ISTQB
5 185 (3.62%) ISEB
6 92 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
7 80 (1.57%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 68 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
9 59 (1.15%) DV Cleared
10 32 (0.63%) Master's Degree
11 24 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
12 20 (0.39%) PMP
13 18 (0.35%) PMI Certification
14 11 (0.22%) Microsoft Certification
15 10 (0.20%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 10 (0.20%) MCSE
16 8 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
17 7 (0.14%) CISM
17 7 (0.14%) CISSP
18 6 (0.12%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 987 (19.31%) QA
2 41 (0.80%) WCAG
3 38 (0.74%) MiFID
4 23 (0.45%) PCI DSS
5 20 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 20 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 11 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 7 (0.14%) PMO
8 6 (0.12%) GCP
9 5 (0.098%) GDPR
9 5 (0.098%) IFRS
9 5 (0.098%) IFRS 9
9 5 (0.098%) ISO 26262
9 5 (0.098%) WAI
10 3 (0.059%) DO-178B
10 3 (0.059%) Dodd-Frank
10 3 (0.059%) EMIR
10 3 (0.059%) GAMP
10 3 (0.059%) IEC 62304
10 3 (0.059%) SEPA
System Software
1 499 (9.76%) Docker
2 32 (0.63%) Active Directory
3 26 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.35%) vSphere
5 17 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.27%) HDFS
7 11 (0.22%) iptables
7 11 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
8 10 (0.20%) Firmware
8 10 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.18%) Apache Flume
10 8 (0.16%) oVirt
10 8 (0.16%) RHEV
11 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Virtual Server
12 6 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
13 5 (0.098%) Microsoft App-V
14 2 (0.039%) Varnish
14 2 (0.039%) vCloud
15 1 (0.020%) IAG
Systems Management
1 302 (5.91%) Puppet
2 242 (4.73%) Ansible
3 204 (3.99%) Opscode Chef
4 148 (2.90%) Kubernetes
5 139 (2.72%) HP Quality Center
6 112 (2.19%) Terraform
7 68 (1.33%) Kibana
8 52 (1.02%) Grafana
9 50 (0.98%) logstash
10 33 (0.65%) Salt
11 31 (0.61%) Nagios
12 23 (0.45%) StatsD
13 22 (0.43%) ITRS Geneos
13 22 (0.43%) Prometheus
14 16 (0.31%) ZABBIX
15 15 (0.29%) Packer
15 15 (0.29%) Rancher
16 14 (0.27%) CA Service Virtualization
17 13 (0.25%) Graylog
18 12 (0.23%) SELinux
Vendors
1 360 (7.04%) Oracle
2 333 (6.52%) Microsoft
3 180 (3.52%) HP
4 120 (2.35%) Atlassian
5 109 (2.13%) Salesforce.com
6 105 (2.05%) Google
7 102 (2.00%) Red Hat
8 96 (1.88%) Splunk
9 90 (1.76%) SAP
10 61 (1.19%) IBM
11 58 (1.13%) VMware
12 54 (1.06%) Perforce
13 49 (0.96%) New Relic
14 42 (0.82%) Twitter
15 39 (0.76%) hybris
16 38 (0.74%) AppDynamics
16 38 (0.74%) Bloomberg
16 38 (0.74%) Sybase
17 30 (0.59%) Adobe
18 27 (0.53%) Xamarin