Period
to 2 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 2 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
2 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 31 32 35
Rank change year-on-year +1 +3 +1
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2,301 5,072 5,503
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.65% 6.12% 5.92%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.59% 6.99% 6.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,554 3,388 3,794
Median daily rate £490 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £314
90th Percentile £658 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 33 36 58
Median hourly rate £35.00 £41.50 £44.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.66% -6.21% +15.69%
10th Percentile £30.00 £18.95 £24.09
90th Percentile £55.65 £47.50 £73.48
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year - -17.65% +13.33%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,922 72,532 81,024
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.77% 87.59% 87.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,357 48,215 53,780
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £306 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,146 1,896 2,143
Median hourly rate £28.75 £25.00 £22.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.00% +12.11% -10.80%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.00 £11.19
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.00 £24.70 £22.00
% change year-on-year +21.48% +12.25% -12.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 2 June 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 2 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -3 1,163 £525 +5.00% 117
South East -2 369 £465 +3.33% 69
North of England -16 278 £425 -2.58% 92
South West +3 204 £488 +11.43% 41
Midlands +16 168 £425 +1.19% 25
West Midlands +19 114 £450 - 11
North West -23 112 £400 -5.88% 46
East of England +15 104 £425 -8.65% 30
Yorkshire -9 103 £450 -5.26% 35
North East -4 64 £430 +7.50% 11
East Midlands +8 53 £400 +9.59% 14
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 2 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,369 (59.50%) Agile Software Development
2 929 (40.37%) Java
3 724 (31.46%) DevOps
4 566 (24.60%) Azure
5 550 (23.90%) Selenium
6 523 (22.73%) JavaScript
7 494 (21.47%) TDD
8 489 (21.25%) Scrum
9 488 (21.21%) SQL
10 483 (20.99%) Continuous Integration
11 455 (19.77%) AWS
12 447 (19.43%) Git (software)
13 433 (18.82%) Jenkins
14 415 (18.04%) Python
15 413 (17.95%) Security Cleared
16 391 (16.99%) BDD
17 389 (16.91%) Finance
18 382 (16.60%) C#
19 375 (16.30%) JIRA
20 369 (16.04%) Docker
21 362 (15.73%) Linux
22 346 (15.04%) Microservices
23 336 (14.60%) Cucumber
24 326 (14.17%) QA
25 325 (14.12%) SC Cleared
26 294 (12.78%) HTML
27 286 (12.43%) Kubernetes
28 262 (11.39%) CSS
29 258 (11.21%) Web Services
30 256 (11.13%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 173 (7.52%) Confluence
2 48 (2.09%) Tomcat
3 43 (1.87%) Elasticsearch
4 37 (1.61%) Apache Spark
5 36 (1.56%) Apache
6 31 (1.35%) WebLogic
7 18 (0.78%) Camunda
7 18 (0.78%) nginx
8 17 (0.74%) IIS
9 16 (0.70%) JBoss
10 13 (0.56%) SAS
11 12 (0.52%) CMS
11 12 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 8 (0.35%) SharePoint
13 7 (0.30%) ArcGIS
14 6 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
15 5 (0.22%) Jetty
15 5 (0.22%) Oracle Workflow
15 5 (0.22%) Red Hat Fuse
16 4 (0.17%) WebSphere
Applications
1 39 (1.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.91%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.22%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.13%) InVision
5 3 (0.13%) Sketch
6 2 (0.087%) Figma
6 2 (0.087%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.087%) Windchill
7 1 (0.043%) Autodesk Inventor
7 1 (0.043%) CATIA
7 1 (0.043%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 26 (1.13%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.56%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 10 (0.43%) Oracle Applications
4 9 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
5 7 (0.30%) Maximo
5 7 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
6 6 (0.26%) BASE24
6 6 (0.26%) thinkFolio
7 5 (0.22%) Oracle ERP
8 4 (0.17%) Elite 3E
8 4 (0.17%) Oracle Payables
8 4 (0.17%) Oracle Receivables
8 4 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
9 3 (0.13%) ION MarketView
9 3 (0.13%) Magento
9 3 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 3 (0.13%) SAP FI-CA
9 3 (0.13%) SAP PSCD
10 2 (0.087%) NetSuite
10 2 (0.087%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 566 (24.60%) Azure
2 455 (19.77%) AWS
3 127 (5.52%) GitHub
4 92 (4.00%) GCP
5 82 (3.56%) PaaS
6 65 (2.82%) Power Platform
7 60 (2.61%) IaaS
8 47 (2.04%) Serverless
9 38 (1.65%) SaaS
10 36 (1.56%) OpenShift
11 29 (1.26%) Slack
12 25 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
13 23 (1.00%) AWS Lambda
14 22 (0.96%) npm
15 20 (0.87%) Amazon S3
15 20 (0.87%) AWS CloudFormation
16 19 (0.83%) Dynamics 365
17 18 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
18 15 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
18 15 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 71 (3.09%) HTTP
2 38 (1.65%) TCP/IP
3 37 (1.61%) HTTPS
4 35 (1.52%) SSL
5 34 (1.48%) DNS
6 26 (1.13%) Firewall
7 22 (0.96%) Internet
8 20 (0.87%) DHCP
9 18 (0.78%) Ethernet
9 18 (0.78%) Wireless
10 14 (0.61%) IPv6
11 13 (0.56%) IPv4
12 12 (0.52%) DSL
12 12 (0.52%) Fibre Channel
12 12 (0.52%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.48%) Wireshark
13 11 (0.48%) WLAN
14 10 (0.43%) DOCSIS
15 9 (0.39%) AMQP
16 8 (0.35%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 184 (8.00%) SQL Server
2 127 (5.52%) MongoDB
3 116 (5.04%) NoSQL
4 101 (4.39%) Relational Database
5 70 (3.04%) MySQL
6 69 (3.00%) Data Lake
6 69 (3.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 65 (2.82%) PostgreSQL
7 65 (2.82%) Power BI
8 51 (2.22%) Big Data
9 43 (1.87%) Data Warehouse
9 43 (1.87%) Oracle Database
10 38 (1.65%) HDInsight
11 33 (1.43%) Redis
12 30 (1.30%) Hadoop
13 26 (1.13%) RDBMS
14 21 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
14 21 (0.91%) Azure SQL Database
14 21 (0.91%) Oracle Database 11g
15 18 (0.78%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 550 (23.90%) Selenium
2 447 (19.43%) Git (software)
3 433 (18.82%) Jenkins
4 375 (16.30%) JIRA
5 336 (14.60%) Cucumber
6 144 (6.26%) Maven
7 131 (5.69%) WebDriver
8 118 (5.13%) SoapUI
8 118 (5.13%) Visual Studio
9 108 (4.69%) JUnit
10 98 (4.26%) SpecFlow
11 97 (4.22%) JMeter
12 73 (3.17%) Postman
13 69 (3.00%) Visual Studio Team System
14 61 (2.65%) Mockito
15 59 (2.56%) GitLab
16 55 (2.39%) Team Foundation Server
17 54 (2.35%) REST Assured
17 54 (2.35%) TeamCity
18 52 (2.26%) SonarQube
General
1 389 (16.91%) Finance
2 214 (9.30%) Public Sector
3 160 (6.95%) Banking
4 50 (2.17%) Front Office
5 47 (2.04%) Investment Banking
6 46 (2.00%) Retail
7 35 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 29 (1.26%) Marketing
9 19 (0.83%) Manufacturing
10 18 (0.78%) Back Office
11 17 (0.74%) Financial Institution
11 17 (0.74%) Retail Banking
12 16 (0.70%) Electronics
13 15 (0.65%) Games
13 15 (0.65%) Police
14 13 (0.56%) Legal
15 8 (0.35%) Law
15 8 (0.35%) Publishing
16 6 (0.26%) Automotive
17 5 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 845 (36.72%) Developer
2 321 (13.95%) Tester
3 295 (12.82%) Java Developer
4 220 (9.56%) Automation Tester
5 194 (8.43%) Analyst
6 169 (7.34%) Test Engineer
7 148 (6.43%) DevOps Engineer
8 146 (6.35%) Test Analyst
9 100 (4.35%) Senior Developer
10 96 (4.17%) Architect
11 86 (3.74%) Full Stack Developer
12 82 (3.56%) Test Automation Engineer
13 75 (3.26%) Software Developer
14 71 (3.09%) Software Engineer
15 66 (2.87%) Test Manager
16 65 (2.82%) React Developer
17 59 (2.56%) Python Developer
18 56 (2.43%) .NET Developer
18 56 (2.43%) C# Developer
19 55 (2.39%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 294 (12.78%) HTML
2 262 (11.39%) CSS
3 258 (11.21%) Web Services
4 245 (10.65%) .NET
5 217 (9.43%) Spring
6 206 (8.95%) REST
7 201 (8.74%) AngularJS
8 190 (8.26%) RESTful
9 175 (7.61%) Node.js
10 169 (7.34%) React
11 127 (5.52%) HTML5
12 121 (5.26%) Spring Boot
13 114 (4.95%) JSON
14 112 (4.87%) SOAP
15 111 (4.82%) XML
16 96 (4.17%) Redux
17 80 (3.48%) Gherkin
18 61 (2.65%) ActiveMQ
19 60 (2.61%) JAX-RS
20 59 (2.56%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 152 (6.61%) User Experience
2 127 (5.52%) Analytical Skills
3 70 (3.04%) Mobile App
4 58 (2.52%) Greenfield Project
5 48 (2.09%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 37 (1.61%) Virtual Team
7 34 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
8 31 (1.35%) Self-Motivation
9 29 (1.26%) Algorithms
10 27 (1.17%) Management Information System
11 26 (1.13%) Linux Command Line
12 23 (1.00%) Cloud Native
12 23 (1.00%) Data Centre
12 23 (1.00%) Public Cloud
13 22 (0.96%) Derivative
14 20 (0.87%) Fixed Income
15 19 (0.83%) Data Structures
16 18 (0.78%) Semantic Web
17 14 (0.61%) PKI
18 12 (0.52%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 362 (15.73%) Linux
2 255 (11.08%) Windows
3 216 (9.39%) Unix
4 78 (3.39%) Mac OS X
5 52 (2.26%) Apple iOS
6 49 (2.13%) Android
6 49 (2.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 39 (1.69%) Windows Server
8 28 (1.22%) CentOS
9 25 (1.09%) Ubuntu
10 17 (0.74%) Mac OS
11 13 (0.56%) Debian
11 13 (0.56%) Solaris
12 8 (0.35%) AIX
12 8 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
13 6 (0.26%) Oracle Linux
13 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
14 5 (0.22%) VMS
15 4 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 3 (0.13%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,369 (59.50%) Agile Software Development
2 724 (31.46%) DevOps
3 494 (21.47%) TDD
4 489 (21.25%) Scrum
5 483 (20.99%) Continuous Integration
6 391 (16.99%) BDD
7 346 (15.04%) Microservices
8 256 (11.13%) Test Scripting
9 205 (8.91%) SDLC
10 203 (8.82%) Continuous Delivery
11 198 (8.60%) Problem-Solving
12 196 (8.52%) Kanban
13 195 (8.47%) Software Engineering
14 175 (7.61%) Pair Programming
15 174 (7.56%) Continuous Deployment
16 160 (6.95%) Web Development
17 159 (6.91%) Open Source
18 157 (6.82%) Regression Testing
19 152 (6.61%) Test Strategy
20 129 (5.61%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 929 (40.37%) Java
2 523 (22.73%) JavaScript
3 488 (21.21%) SQL
4 415 (18.04%) Python
5 382 (16.60%) C#
6 211 (9.17%) Java 8
7 133 (5.78%) PowerShell
8 127 (5.52%) TypeScript
9 82 (3.56%) Bash Shell
10 80 (3.48%) C++
10 80 (3.48%) Scala
11 79 (3.43%) C
12 74 (3.22%) Ruby
13 51 (2.22%) Shell Script
14 50 (2.17%) Perl
15 46 (2.00%) T-SQL
16 45 (1.96%) Kotlin
17 40 (1.74%) Groovy
18 31 (1.35%) ES6
18 31 (1.35%) PHP
Qualifications
1 413 (17.95%) Security Cleared
2 325 (14.12%) SC Cleared
3 133 (5.78%) ISTQB
4 114 (4.95%) Degree
4 114 (4.95%) ISEB
5 73 (3.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 57 (2.48%) BPSS Clearance
7 39 (1.69%) DV Cleared
8 24 (1.04%) Computer Science Degree
9 19 (0.83%) DBS Check
10 18 (0.78%) ISEB Practitioner
11 15 (0.65%) Master's Degree
12 12 (0.52%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
13 11 (0.48%) PhD
14 10 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
15 9 (0.39%) CCNA
16 7 (0.30%) AWS Certification
16 7 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
17 5 (0.22%) SANS
18 4 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 326 (14.17%) QA
2 28 (1.22%) WCAG
3 12 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.52%) SLA
4 9 (0.39%) GDPR
5 6 (0.26%) ISO 8583
6 5 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 4 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 3 (0.13%) GxP
8 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
8 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
8 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.13%) MiFID
9 2 (0.087%) EMIR
9 2 (0.087%) HL7
9 2 (0.087%) IFRS
9 2 (0.087%) NIST
9 2 (0.087%) PMO
9 2 (0.087%) Solvency II
10 1 (0.043%) JSP 440
System Software
1 369 (16.04%) Docker
2 59 (2.56%) Virtual Machines
3 45 (1.96%) Active Directory
4 20 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.56%) vSphere
6 10 (0.43%) HDFS
6 10 (0.43%) NFS
7 9 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.22%) Firmware
9 5 (0.22%) RACF
10 4 (0.17%) Oracle Clusterware
11 3 (0.13%) Hyper-V
11 3 (0.13%) VirtualBox
12 2 (0.087%) Samba
12 2 (0.087%) Virtual Desktop
12 2 (0.087%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.087%) Xen
12 2 (0.087%) XenApp
12 2 (0.087%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 286 (12.43%) Kubernetes
2 133 (5.78%) Terraform
3 131 (5.69%) Ansible
4 90 (3.91%) Puppet
5 73 (3.17%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.13%) HP ALM
7 23 (1.00%) HP Quality Center
8 22 (0.96%) Prometheus
9 16 (0.70%) Kibana
9 16 (0.70%) Zipkin
10 15 (0.65%) Packer
11 14 (0.61%) Grafana
12 10 (0.43%) Nagios
12 10 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.35%) Salt
14 7 (0.30%) OpenView Configuration Management
15 6 (0.26%) Data Guard
15 6 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
15 6 (0.26%) WSUS
16 5 (0.22%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 251 (10.91%) Microsoft
2 190 (8.26%) Oracle
3 80 (3.48%) SAP
4 62 (2.69%) Google
5 50 (2.17%) HP
6 49 (2.13%) Atlassian
7 47 (2.04%) IBM
8 40 (1.74%) Splunk
9 37 (1.61%) VMware
10 36 (1.56%) Informatica
11 27 (1.17%) Red Hat
12 23 (1.00%) hybris
13 22 (0.96%) AppDynamics
14 18 (0.78%) Adobe
14 18 (0.78%) Databricks
15 17 (0.74%) webMethods
16 16 (0.70%) Cisco
16 16 (0.70%) Salesforce.com
17 15 (0.65%) MuleSoft
17 15 (0.65%) New Relic