Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 34 41 41
Rank change year-on-year +7 0 +11
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5093 4589 4539
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.43% 4.68% 4.32%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.41% 5.55% 5.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 3584 3060 3146
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £300 £280
90th Percentile £603 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 49 73
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £27.50 £31.65 £27.50
90th Percentile £50.77 £59.31 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +7.14%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79501 82625 86049
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.69% 84.18% 81.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 53476 55123 56736
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1856 2135 2506
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.41 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.68% +8.49% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.38 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 2671 £500 +11.11% 223
South East +4 876 £409 +4.81% 97
North of England +7 633 £400 - 136
Midlands +2 386 £380 +1.33% 56
South West +13 297 £375 - 20
North West +10 290 £400 - 70
Yorkshire +14 285 £413 +3.06% 56
East of England -11 230 £425 +3.03% 50
West Midlands 0 217 £400 +10.34% 24
East Midlands +15 166 £375 -6.25% 31
North East +17 66 £413 +23.13% 10
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3253 (63.87%) Agile Software Development
2 2199 (43.18%) Java
3 1506 (29.57%) TDD
4 1400 (27.49%) Continuous Integration
5 1329 (26.09%) Selenium
5 1329 (26.09%) Scrum
6 1272 (24.98%) JavaScript
7 1252 (24.58%) Git (software)
8 1201 (23.58%) BDD
9 1138 (22.34%) Jenkins
10 1048 (20.58%) QA
11 978 (19.20%) JIRA
12 944 (18.54%) SQL
13 922 (18.10%) Finance
14 892 (17.51%) Cucumber
15 855 (16.79%) HTML
16 845 (16.59%) C#
17 801 (15.73%) DevOps
18 783 (15.37%) Linux
19 737 (14.47%) CSS
20 710 (13.94%) Banking
21 708 (13.90%) Python
22 699 (13.72%) Web Services
23 692 (13.59%) REST
24 583 (11.45%) .NET
25 574 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
26 538 (10.56%) AngularJS
27 525 (10.31%) OO
28 521 (10.23%) Test Scripting
29 516 (10.13%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 454 (8.91%) Confluence
2 130 (2.55%) Apache
3 106 (2.08%) JBoss
4 104 (2.04%) Tomcat
5 95 (1.87%) CMS
6 85 (1.67%) Elasticsearch
7 79 (1.55%) Apache Spark
8 65 (1.28%) WebSphere
9 61 (1.20%) nginx
10 53 (1.04%) SharePoint
10 53 (1.04%) WildFly
11 51 (1.00%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 50 (0.98%) WebLogic
13 30 (0.59%) Drupal
14 29 (0.57%) OpenStack
15 28 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 23 (0.45%) Cloud Foundry
17 19 (0.37%) Mule
18 17 (0.33%) IIS
18 17 (0.33%) Jetty
Applications
1 66 (1.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.51%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
5 15 (0.29%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.26%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.12%) Mingle
9 6 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
9 6 (0.12%) Simulink
10 2 (0.039%) GIMP
11 1 (0.020%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.020%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.020%) HipChat
11 1 (0.020%) InVision
Business Applications
1 32 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 27 (0.53%) Magento
3 19 (0.37%) ION MarketView
4 12 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.22%) Markit EDM
6 10 (0.20%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 8 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.12%) RMDS
10 5 (0.098%) Endur
10 5 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.079%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.059%) IntelliMatch
12 3 (0.059%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.059%) Remedy ITSM
12 3 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.059%) SunGard Martini
12 3 (0.059%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.039%) SAP ERP
13 2 (0.039%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 574 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
2 309 (6.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 167 (3.28%) GitHub
4 94 (1.85%) npm
5 75 (1.47%) Amazon EC2
6 74 (1.45%) PaaS
7 70 (1.37%) Slack
8 67 (1.32%) SaaS
9 62 (1.22%) IaaS
10 55 (1.08%) Serverless
11 46 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
12 42 (0.82%) Amazon S3
13 40 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
14 39 (0.77%) OpenShift
15 36 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
16 34 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 30 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
17 30 (0.59%) Sauce Labs
18 25 (0.49%) BrowserStack
19 21 (0.41%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 285 (5.60%) HTTP
2 123 (2.42%) TCP/IP
3 102 (2.00%) Internet
4 70 (1.37%) SSL
5 52 (1.02%) Wireless
6 48 (0.94%) DNS
7 37 (0.73%) SMS
8 28 (0.55%) Firewall
9 27 (0.53%) Bluetooth
10 21 (0.41%) Network Security
11 20 (0.39%) LTE
11 20 (0.39%) PuTTY
11 20 (0.39%) WinSCP
12 15 (0.29%) 4G
12 15 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
13 13 (0.26%) VPN
14 12 (0.24%) LDAP
15 11 (0.22%) IPsec
15 11 (0.22%) NAS
15 11 (0.22%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 410 (8.05%) Relational Database
2 341 (6.70%) MongoDB
3 336 (6.60%) SQL Server
4 304 (5.97%) NoSQL
5 207 (4.06%) MySQL
6 180 (3.53%) PostgreSQL
7 178 (3.49%) Big Data
7 178 (3.49%) RDBMS
8 128 (2.51%) Hadoop
9 114 (2.24%) Redis
10 78 (1.53%) Apache Cassandra
11 69 (1.35%) Oracle Database
12 64 (1.26%) Data Warehouse
13 44 (0.86%) DB2
14 42 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
15 41 (0.81%) Apache Hive
16 38 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 36 (0.71%) SQL Server 2008
18 34 (0.67%) SQL Server 2016
19 32 (0.63%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1329 (26.09%) Selenium
2 1252 (24.58%) Git (software)
3 1138 (22.34%) Jenkins
4 978 (19.20%) JIRA
5 892 (17.51%) Cucumber
6 504 (9.90%) WebDriver
7 452 (8.87%) JUnit
8 376 (7.38%) Maven
9 364 (7.15%) Subversion
10 268 (5.26%) SoapUI
11 234 (4.59%) SpecFlow
12 223 (4.38%) TeamCity
13 216 (4.24%) JMeter
14 186 (3.65%) Team Foundation Server
15 167 (3.28%) Jasmine
16 159 (3.12%) Visual Studio
17 155 (3.04%) Protractor
18 154 (3.02%) Appium
19 149 (2.93%) gulp
20 146 (2.87%) HP UFT
General
1 922 (18.10%) Finance
2 710 (13.94%) Banking
3 237 (4.65%) Investment Banking
4 212 (4.16%) Retail
5 158 (3.10%) Telecoms
6 139 (2.73%) Games
7 134 (2.63%) Front Office
8 112 (2.20%) Marketing
9 60 (1.18%) Manufacturing
10 53 (1.04%) Financial Institution
11 48 (0.94%) Retail Banking
12 45 (0.88%) Electronics
13 44 (0.86%) Back Office
14 29 (0.57%) Publishing
15 28 (0.55%) Law
15 28 (0.55%) Legal
16 23 (0.45%) Advertising
16 23 (0.45%) Billing
17 19 (0.37%) Corporate Banking
18 16 (0.31%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1997 (39.21%) Developer
2 741 (14.55%) Tester
3 708 (13.90%) Analyst
4 683 (13.41%) Java Developer
5 566 (11.11%) Test Analyst
6 489 (9.60%) Automation Tester
7 345 (6.77%) Test Engineer
8 274 (5.38%) Automation Test Analyst
9 251 (4.93%) Senior Developer
10 236 (4.63%) DevOps Engineer
11 208 (4.08%) Developer in Test
12 207 (4.06%) .NET Developer
13 204 (4.01%) C# Developer
14 200 (3.93%) JavaScript Developer
15 188 (3.69%) Test Automation Engineer
16 164 (3.22%) QA Engineer
17 143 (2.81%) Architect
18 140 (2.75%) QA Tester
19 138 (2.71%) Agile Developer
20 137 (2.69%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 855 (16.79%) HTML
2 737 (14.47%) CSS
3 699 (13.72%) Web Services
4 692 (13.59%) REST
5 583 (11.45%) .NET
6 538 (10.56%) AngularJS
7 498 (9.78%) HTML5
8 491 (9.64%) RESTful
9 430 (8.44%) Spring
10 416 (8.17%) JSON
11 413 (8.11%) Node.js
12 342 (6.72%) SOAP
13 336 (6.60%) React
14 291 (5.71%) XML
15 271 (5.32%) Gherkin
16 270 (5.30%) CSS3
17 210 (4.12%) jQuery
18 208 (4.08%) Hibernate
19 165 (3.24%) Sass
20 159 (3.12%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 292 (5.73%) Analytical Skills
2 255 (5.01%) Mobile App
3 230 (4.52%) Computer Science
4 179 (3.51%) User Experience
5 158 (3.10%) Greenfield Project
6 128 (2.51%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 101 (1.98%) Data Structures
8 93 (1.83%) Virtual Team
9 86 (1.69%) Fintech
10 78 (1.53%) Linux Command Line
11 76 (1.49%) Equities
12 62 (1.22%) Algorithms
12 62 (1.22%) Derivative
13 61 (1.20%) Fixed Income
14 53 (1.04%) Public Cloud
15 49 (0.96%) N-Tier
16 46 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
17 39 (0.77%) Management Information System
18 38 (0.75%) STB
19 30 (0.59%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 783 (15.37%) Linux
2 419 (8.23%) Unix
3 353 (6.93%) Windows
4 221 (4.34%) Android
5 206 (4.04%) Apple iOS
6 161 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 102 (2.00%) Mac OS X
8 60 (1.18%) VMS
9 45 (0.88%) Windows Server
10 38 (0.75%) CentOS
11 30 (0.59%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.51%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.41%) Solaris
14 19 (0.37%) Windows 10
15 14 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.20%) HPUX
17 9 (0.18%) AIX
18 8 (0.16%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
20 6 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3253 (63.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1506 (29.57%) TDD
3 1400 (27.49%) Continuous Integration
4 1329 (26.09%) Scrum
5 1201 (23.58%) BDD
6 801 (15.73%) DevOps
7 525 (10.31%) OO
8 521 (10.23%) Test Scripting
9 516 (10.13%) Kanban
10 511 (10.03%) Software Engineering
11 485 (9.52%) Open Source
12 472 (9.27%) Continuous Delivery
13 462 (9.07%) SDLC
14 445 (8.74%) Unit Testing
15 419 (8.23%) Test Strategy
16 381 (7.48%) Microservices
17 376 (7.38%) Configuration Management
18 373 (7.32%) Mentoring
19 351 (6.89%) Regression Testing
20 341 (6.70%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2199 (43.18%) Java
2 1272 (24.98%) JavaScript
3 944 (18.54%) SQL
4 845 (16.59%) C#
5 708 (13.90%) Python
6 402 (7.89%) Ruby
7 259 (5.09%) Scala
8 193 (3.79%) Groovy
9 164 (3.22%) C++
10 146 (2.87%) ES6
11 136 (2.67%) Bash Shell
12 127 (2.49%) PHP
13 126 (2.47%) Perl
14 112 (2.20%) Apple Swift
15 108 (2.12%) C
15 108 (2.12%) PowerShell
16 98 (1.92%) TypeScript
17 96 (1.88%) Shell Script
18 74 (1.45%) T-SQL
19 68 (1.34%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 375 (7.36%) Security Cleared
2 333 (6.54%) Degree
3 261 (5.12%) SC Cleared
4 238 (4.67%) ISTQB
5 222 (4.36%) ISEB
6 105 (2.06%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 92 (1.81%) Computer Science Degree
8 73 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
9 41 (0.81%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.37%) PMP
12 17 (0.33%) Master's Degree
13 16 (0.31%) PMI Certification
14 11 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
15 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
16 9 (0.18%) MCSE
17 8 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
17 8 (0.16%) CISSP
18 6 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
18 6 (0.12%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1048 (20.58%) QA
2 56 (1.10%) MiFID
3 45 (0.88%) WCAG
4 27 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
5 24 (0.47%) Data Quality
6 14 (0.27%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.24%) EMIR
8 11 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
10 9 (0.18%) SLA
11 8 (0.16%) WAI
12 6 (0.12%) GCP
13 5 (0.098%) ISO 26262
14 4 (0.079%) GDPR
14 4 (0.079%) PMO
15 3 (0.059%) AIFMD
15 3 (0.059%) DO-178B
15 3 (0.059%) IFRS
15 3 (0.059%) IFRS 9
15 3 (0.059%) SEPA
System Software
1 440 (8.64%) Docker
2 28 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
3 24 (0.47%) Active Directory
4 17 (0.33%) Virtual Machines
4 17 (0.33%) vSphere
5 15 (0.29%) Firmware
5 15 (0.29%) HDFS
6 12 (0.24%) VirtualBox
7 11 (0.22%) Apache Flume
7 11 (0.22%) iptables
8 10 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
9 9 (0.18%) Xen
10 8 (0.16%) oVirt
10 8 (0.16%) RHEV
11 3 (0.059%) LXC
12 2 (0.039%) OpenAM
12 2 (0.039%) Virtual Desktop
13 1 (0.020%) KVM
13 1 (0.020%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 289 (5.67%) Puppet
2 231 (4.54%) Ansible
3 193 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
4 167 (3.28%) HP Quality Center
5 137 (2.69%) Kubernetes
6 111 (2.18%) Terraform
7 63 (1.24%) Kibana
8 42 (0.82%) Grafana
9 32 (0.63%) logstash
9 32 (0.63%) Salt
10 24 (0.47%) Rancher
11 23 (0.45%) Prometheus
12 19 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
13 15 (0.29%) StatsD
13 15 (0.29%) ZABBIX
14 14 (0.27%) Packer
15 13 (0.26%) Oozie
16 12 (0.24%) Consul
17 11 (0.22%) SELinux
18 10 (0.20%) Mesos
Vendors
1 344 (6.75%) Microsoft
2 323 (6.34%) Oracle
3 213 (4.18%) HP
4 134 (2.63%) Google
5 113 (2.22%) Red Hat
6 108 (2.12%) Atlassian
7 107 (2.10%) Salesforce.com
8 77 (1.51%) SAP
9 71 (1.39%) New Relic
10 67 (1.32%) Perforce
11 63 (1.24%) Splunk
12 59 (1.16%) IBM
12 59 (1.16%) Sybase
12 59 (1.16%) VMware
13 55 (1.08%) hybris
14 37 (0.73%) Xamarin
15 35 (0.69%) Adobe
16 32 (0.63%) AppDynamics
17 30 (0.59%) WSO2
18 28 (0.55%) Twitter