Period
to 27 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 27 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
27 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 33 34 36
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +5
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 4,936 5,507 4,542
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.93% 5.97% 5.35%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.78% 6.88% 6.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,272 3,734 3,073
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £325 £315 £300
90th Percentile £613 £600 £588
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 56 43
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +8.97% -7.14%
10th Percentile £27.00 £24.09 £32.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £74.75 £71.72
UK median hourly rate £38.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -7.32% +9.33% -10.71%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 72,763 80,101 72,747
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 87.41% 86.78% 85.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,336 53,212 47,880
England median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £306 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,959 2,200 1,910
England median hourly rate £25.12 £22.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.18% -12.00% -
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.25 £11.49
90th Percentile £52.60 £50.00 £51.50
UK median hourly rate £25.12 £21.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +16.84% -14.00% -0.73%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 27 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 27 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 2,485 £500 - 217
South East +1 875 £450 +5.88% 116
North of England +1 750 £430 +7.50% 115
South West -13 340 £438 +12.90% 87
North West +16 315 £425 +6.25% 63
Yorkshire -7 307 £475 +18.75% 40
Midlands -11 294 £400 -3.03% 90
East of England -13 184 £474 +5.28% 78
West Midlands -19 174 £431 +1.47% 49
North East +34 127 £375 -3.54% 12
East Midlands 0 109 £360 -5.26% 41
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 27 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,076 (62.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,831 (37.09%) Java
3 1,461 (29.60%) Selenium
4 1,252 (25.36%) JavaScript
5 1,249 (25.30%) DevOps
6 1,198 (24.27%) Continuous Integration
7 1,189 (24.09%) TDD
8 1,146 (23.22%) Scrum
8 1,146 (23.22%) Jenkins
9 1,044 (21.15%) Git (software)
10 999 (20.24%) BDD
11 965 (19.55%) SQL
12 914 (18.52%) QA
13 898 (18.19%) C#
14 894 (18.11%) Cucumber
15 885 (17.93%) Python
16 874 (17.71%) JIRA
17 811 (16.43%) Amazon AWS
18 804 (16.29%) Microsoft Azure
19 799 (16.19%) Finance
20 757 (15.34%) Microservices
21 738 (14.95%) Linux
22 694 (14.06%) HTML
23 645 (13.07%) CSS
24 636 (12.88%) Web Services
25 625 (12.66%) .NET
26 616 (12.48%) Docker
27 533 (10.80%) RESTful
28 526 (10.66%) REST
29 490 (9.93%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 433 (8.77%) Confluence
2 108 (2.19%) Elasticsearch
3 101 (2.05%) Apache
4 84 (1.70%) Apache Spark
5 73 (1.48%) CMS
6 68 (1.38%) Tomcat
7 54 (1.09%) SharePoint
8 53 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
9 52 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 39 (0.79%) nginx
11 36 (0.73%) Mule
11 36 (0.73%) WebSphere
12 34 (0.69%) JBoss
13 26 (0.53%) WebLogic
14 24 (0.49%) IIS
15 16 (0.32%) Apache Solr
15 16 (0.32%) BizTalk Server
15 16 (0.32%) Umbraco
16 15 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
17 14 (0.28%) Anypoint
Applications
1 55 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.34%) Photoshop
4 9 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.081%) Adobe Illustrator
8 3 (0.061%) Zeplin
9 2 (0.041%) InfoPath
9 2 (0.041%) Simulink
10 1 (0.020%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 1 (0.020%) Figma
10 1 (0.020%) InVision
10 1 (0.020%) MS Visio
10 1 (0.020%) Sketch
10 1 (0.020%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 68 (1.38%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 13 (0.26%) Magento
4 12 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
6 10 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.16%) SAP FI
8 7 (0.14%) Fredhopper
9 6 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 4 (0.081%) BusinessWorks
10 4 (0.081%) Dynamics NAV
10 4 (0.081%) Oracle BPM
10 4 (0.081%) Summit
11 3 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.061%) Markit EDM
11 3 (0.061%) Oracle Receivables
11 3 (0.061%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.061%) SAP ERP
11 3 (0.061%) SAP FI-CA
11 3 (0.061%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 811 (16.43%) Amazon AWS
2 804 (16.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 201 (4.07%) GitHub
4 157 (3.18%) PaaS
5 151 (3.06%) Google Cloud Platform
6 113 (2.29%) Serverless
7 95 (1.92%) IaaS
8 94 (1.90%) SaaS
9 87 (1.76%) Amazon EC2
10 84 (1.70%) Amazon S3
11 78 (1.58%) BrowserStack
12 70 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
13 68 (1.38%) Sauce Labs
14 65 (1.32%) Power Platform
15 61 (1.24%) Dynamics 365
16 60 (1.22%) AWS CloudFormation
17 53 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
18 52 (1.05%) AWS Lambda
19 50 (1.01%) Slack
20 46 (0.93%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 250 (5.06%) HTTP
2 117 (2.37%) TCP/IP
3 80 (1.62%) DNS
4 76 (1.54%) SSL
5 61 (1.24%) Internet
6 51 (1.03%) FTP
7 49 (0.99%) DHCP
8 47 (0.95%) IPsec
9 31 (0.63%) Firewall
10 21 (0.43%) MQTT
11 16 (0.32%) Skype
12 14 (0.28%) Network Security
12 14 (0.28%) VPN
12 14 (0.28%) Wireless
13 9 (0.18%) DSL
13 9 (0.18%) LAN
13 9 (0.18%) WAN
13 9 (0.18%) Wireshark
14 8 (0.16%) VLAN
14 8 (0.16%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 334 (6.77%) MongoDB
2 324 (6.56%) SQL Server
3 299 (6.06%) NoSQL
4 291 (5.90%) Relational Database
5 204 (4.13%) MySQL
6 159 (3.22%) Big Data
7 148 (3.00%) Data Warehouse
8 119 (2.41%) PostgreSQL
9 108 (2.19%) RDBMS
10 97 (1.97%) Hadoop
11 78 (1.58%) Apache Cassandra
12 75 (1.52%) Redis
13 63 (1.28%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 63 (1.28%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 59 (1.20%) Power BI
15 57 (1.15%) Data Lake
16 45 (0.91%) Blockchain
17 43 (0.87%) Oracle Database
18 41 (0.83%) Amazon RDS
19 40 (0.81%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 1,461 (29.60%) Selenium
2 1,146 (23.22%) Jenkins
3 1,044 (21.15%) Git (software)
4 894 (18.11%) Cucumber
5 874 (17.71%) JIRA
6 390 (7.90%) WebDriver
7 318 (6.44%) SpecFlow
8 306 (6.20%) Maven
9 291 (5.90%) JMeter
10 263 (5.33%) JUnit
11 250 (5.06%) Visual Studio
12 248 (5.02%) SoapUI
13 203 (4.11%) Visual Studio Team System
14 197 (3.99%) Bitbucket
15 190 (3.85%) TeamCity
16 166 (3.36%) Subversion
17 164 (3.32%) Team Foundation Server
18 156 (3.16%) Mockito
19 129 (2.61%) Appium
20 122 (2.47%) Jasmine
General
1 799 (16.19%) Finance
2 355 (7.19%) Banking
3 194 (3.93%) Retail
4 111 (2.25%) Marketing
5 91 (1.84%) Front Office
6 75 (1.52%) Telecoms
7 67 (1.36%) Games
7 67 (1.36%) Investment Banking
8 61 (1.24%) Manufacturing
9 59 (1.20%) Financial Institution
10 50 (1.01%) Electronics
11 41 (0.83%) Legal
12 38 (0.77%) Law
13 24 (0.49%) Back Office
14 19 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
15 18 (0.36%) Advertising
15 18 (0.36%) Billing
16 17 (0.34%) Publishing
17 15 (0.30%) Automotive
18 14 (0.28%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,734 (35.13%) Developer
2 781 (15.82%) Tester
3 590 (11.95%) Analyst
4 512 (10.37%) Automation Tester
5 505 (10.23%) Test Analyst
6 414 (8.39%) Test Engineer
7 385 (7.80%) Java Developer
8 314 (6.36%) DevOps Engineer
9 243 (4.92%) Senior Developer
10 229 (4.64%) Test Automation Engineer
11 217 (4.40%) Automation Test Analyst
12 163 (3.30%) Developer in Test
13 162 (3.28%) Software Developer
14 148 (3.00%) Test Manager
15 147 (2.98%) JavaScript Developer
16 146 (2.96%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
17 144 (2.92%) QA Engineer
18 143 (2.90%) .NET Developer
19 140 (2.84%) Full Stack Developer
20 133 (2.69%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 694 (14.06%) HTML
2 645 (13.07%) CSS
3 636 (12.88%) Web Services
4 625 (12.66%) .NET
5 533 (10.80%) RESTful
6 526 (10.66%) REST
7 487 (9.87%) Node.js
8 466 (9.44%) AngularJS
9 436 (8.83%) React
10 368 (7.46%) Spring
11 353 (7.15%) JSON
12 308 (6.24%) HTML5
13 294 (5.96%) SOAP
14 247 (5.00%) XML
15 244 (4.94%) Gherkin
16 180 (3.65%) Spring Boot
17 167 (3.38%) CSS3
18 156 (3.16%) Redux
19 139 (2.82%) .NET Framework
20 130 (2.63%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 271 (5.49%) Analytical Skills
2 230 (4.66%) User Experience
3 218 (4.42%) Mobile App
4 149 (3.02%) Greenfield Project
5 130 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
6 95 (1.92%) Linux Command Line
7 79 (1.60%) Public Cloud
8 74 (1.50%) Algorithms
9 67 (1.36%) Virtual Team
10 66 (1.34%) Data Structures
11 61 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
12 51 (1.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 50 (1.01%) Management Information System
14 45 (0.91%) Derivative
15 40 (0.81%) Video on Demand
16 36 (0.73%) Hedge funds
17 35 (0.71%) Equities
18 32 (0.65%) Data Protection Act
18 32 (0.65%) Fixed Income
19 29 (0.59%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 738 (14.95%) Linux
2 405 (8.21%) Unix
3 310 (6.28%) Windows
4 143 (2.90%) Apple iOS
5 142 (2.88%) Mac OS X
6 131 (2.65%) Android
7 67 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 30 (0.61%) Windows Server
9 27 (0.55%) Ubuntu
10 22 (0.45%) CentOS
11 18 (0.36%) VMS
12 16 (0.32%) Windows 10
13 10 (0.20%) Mac OS
14 7 (0.14%) Debian
15 2 (0.041%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.020%) Embedded Linux
16 1 (0.020%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.020%) tvOS
16 1 (0.020%) Windows 7
16 1 (0.020%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,076 (62.32%) Agile Software Development
2 1,249 (25.30%) DevOps
3 1,198 (24.27%) Continuous Integration
4 1,189 (24.09%) TDD
5 1,146 (23.22%) Scrum
6 999 (20.24%) BDD
7 757 (15.34%) Microservices
8 490 (9.93%) Test Scripting
9 472 (9.56%) Kanban
10 470 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
11 454 (9.20%) Test Strategy
12 444 (9.00%) Continuous Deployment
13 438 (8.87%) Open Source
14 413 (8.37%) Continuous Delivery
15 377 (7.64%) Manual Testing
16 373 (7.56%) SDLC
17 371 (7.52%) Software Engineering
18 355 (7.19%) Web Development
19 345 (6.99%) Regression Testing
20 335 (6.79%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,831 (37.09%) Java
2 1,252 (25.36%) JavaScript
3 965 (19.55%) SQL
4 898 (18.19%) C#
5 885 (17.93%) Python
6 254 (5.15%) Java 8
7 248 (5.02%) Ruby
8 199 (4.03%) TypeScript
9 191 (3.87%) PowerShell
10 159 (3.22%) Scala
11 158 (3.20%) Bash Shell
12 141 (2.86%) ES6
13 130 (2.63%) C++
14 90 (1.82%) Groovy
15 86 (1.74%) Perl
16 81 (1.64%) PHP
17 80 (1.62%) PL/SQL
18 79 (1.60%) T-SQL
19 71 (1.44%) C
20 69 (1.40%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 393 (7.96%) Security Cleared
2 297 (6.02%) ISTQB
3 253 (5.13%) SC Cleared
4 236 (4.78%) Degree
5 230 (4.66%) ISEB
6 119 (2.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 99 (2.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 67 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
9 59 (1.20%) DV Cleared
10 31 (0.63%) DBS Check
11 24 (0.49%) AWS Certification
12 22 (0.45%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 10 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
15 8 (0.16%) ACCA
15 8 (0.16%) SANS
16 7 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
16 7 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
17 6 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
17 6 (0.12%) OSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 914 (18.52%) QA
2 36 (0.73%) GDPR
3 27 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
4 22 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.38%) WCAG
6 9 (0.18%) PMO
7 8 (0.16%) SLA
8 7 (0.14%) HL7
8 7 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 6 (0.12%) NCSC
10 5 (0.10%) NIST
10 5 (0.10%) PSD2
11 3 (0.061%) PCI DSS
12 2 (0.041%) Dublin Core
12 2 (0.041%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.041%) MiFID
12 2 (0.041%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 2 (0.041%) Section 508
13 1 (0.020%) GxP
13 1 (0.020%) WAI
System Software
1 616 (12.48%) Docker
2 80 (1.62%) Active Directory
2 80 (1.62%) Virtual Machines
3 19 (0.38%) Apache Flume
4 15 (0.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 12 (0.24%) HDFS
6 10 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
7 6 (0.12%) Hyper-V
7 6 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 6 (0.12%) RACF
7 6 (0.12%) vSphere
8 4 (0.081%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.061%) Oracle RAC
9 3 (0.061%) oVirt
9 3 (0.061%) RHEV
9 3 (0.061%) XenApp
10 2 (0.041%) Postfix
10 2 (0.041%) Snort
11 1 (0.020%) Firmware
11 1 (0.020%) Xen
Systems Management
1 378 (7.66%) Kubernetes
2 270 (5.47%) Ansible
3 249 (5.04%) Puppet
4 186 (3.77%) Opscode Chef
5 177 (3.59%) Terraform
6 54 (1.09%) HP Quality Center
7 53 (1.07%) HP ALM
7 53 (1.07%) Kibana
8 34 (0.69%) Grafana
9 22 (0.45%) logstash
10 20 (0.41%) CA Service Virtualization
11 19 (0.38%) Control-M
12 18 (0.36%) Packer
12 18 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
13 13 (0.26%) Salt
14 12 (0.24%) CloudHub
14 12 (0.24%) Nagios
15 10 (0.20%) Hadoop YARN
16 9 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
17 8 (0.16%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 433 (8.77%) Microsoft
2 292 (5.92%) Oracle
3 168 (3.40%) Google
4 132 (2.67%) HP
5 104 (2.11%) SAP
6 99 (2.01%) Atlassian
7 87 (1.76%) Splunk
8 83 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
9 77 (1.56%) Adobe
10 71 (1.44%) IBM
11 68 (1.38%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 57 (1.15%) MuleSoft
13 49 (0.99%) Red Hat
14 37 (0.75%) hybris
15 32 (0.65%) Informatica
16 31 (0.63%) Tableau
17 30 (0.61%) AppDynamics
17 30 (0.61%) Cadence
18 29 (0.59%) New Relic
18 29 (0.59%) Xamarin