Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 4 July 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 42 44 35
Rank change year-on-year +2 -9 0
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 3,739 2,705 2,123
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.15% 5.13% 5.75%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 5.74% 5.75% 6.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,720 1,841 1,499
10th Percentile £400 £350 £328
25th Percentile £460 £406 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £675 £594 £575
90th Percentile £775 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £550 £485 £495
% change year-on-year +13.40% -2.02% +4.21%
Number of hourly rates quoted 41 50 19
10th Percentile £31.25 £23.75 £27.33
25th Percentile £42.50 £31.25 £31.25
Median hourly rate £60.00 £44.17 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +35.84% +3.93% -3.41%
75th Percentile £67.50 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £82.50 £62.25 £65.31
UK median hourly rate £57.50 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +27.78% +5.88% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 65,134 47,064 32,200
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 89.79% 89.24% 87.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 46,490 32,539 21,930
10th Percentile £350 £313 £302
25th Percentile £448 £406 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £588
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,587 1,398 863
10th Percentile £13.25 £11.83 £12.50
25th Percentile £16.50 £15.00 £15.80
Median hourly rate £28.00 £24.00 £22.61
Median % change year-on-year +16.67% +6.15% -1.27%
75th Percentile £53.75 £46.50 £45.00
90th Percentile £67.50 £59.33 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £29.00 £24.80 £22.85
% change year-on-year +16.96% +8.51% +0.44%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London +6 2,223 £600 +14.29% 316
South East +11 437 £470 +2.68% 138
North of England -4 364 £510 +16.57% 174
North West +10 229 £525 +23.53% 83
Midlands -6 177 £455 +15.92% 79
South West -15 166 £520 +13.97% 87
West Midlands -21 120 £450 +12.50% 52
Yorkshire -24 112 £490 +8.89% 61
East of England -18 75 £490 +30.67% 68
East Midlands +19 57 £525 +39.07% 27
North East -9 30 £600 +43.28% 30
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,123 (56.78%) Agile
2 1,279 (34.21%) DevOps
3 1,223 (32.71%) Java
4 1,208 (32.31%) CI/CD
5 949 (25.38%) Azure
6 835 (22.33%) JavaScript
7 831 (22.23%) Python
8 791 (21.16%) AWS
9 776 (20.75%) Finance
10 771 (20.62%) Git (software)
11 739 (19.76%) Scrum
12 733 (19.60%) TDD
12 733 (19.60%) SQL
13 724 (19.36%) Microservices
14 693 (18.53%) Social Skills
15 691 (18.48%) JIRA
16 690 (18.45%) QA
17 671 (17.95%) Selenium
18 656 (17.54%) C#
19 636 (17.01%) Security Cleared
20 632 (16.90%) Jenkins
21 570 (15.24%) Kubernetes
22 567 (15.16%) Continuous Integration
23 543 (14.52%) BDD
24 524 (14.01%) Docker
25 518 (13.85%) SC Cleared
26 516 (13.80%) Software Engineering
27 513 (13.72%) .NET
28 481 (12.86%) Linux
29 454 (12.14%) Terraform

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 380 (10.16%) Confluence
2 63 (1.68%) Apache Spark
3 59 (1.58%) Apache
4 51 (1.36%) nginx
5 40 (1.07%) SharePoint
6 35 (0.94%) Cloud Foundry
7 31 (0.83%) CMS
8 28 (0.75%) SAS
8 28 (0.75%) Tomcat
9 27 (0.72%) Oracle Workflow
10 23 (0.62%) Apache Airflow
11 21 (0.56%) BizTalk Server
11 21 (0.56%) WebSphere
12 18 (0.48%) Mule
12 18 (0.48%) WebLogic
13 16 (0.43%) Ethereum
13 16 (0.43%) OpenStack
14 13 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 9 (0.24%) GeoServer
16 8 (0.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 56 (1.50%) Microsoft Excel
2 19 (0.51%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 11 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
6 3 (0.080%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
7 1 (0.027%) Adobe XD
7 1 (0.027%) Chatbot
7 1 (0.027%) InVision
7 1 (0.027%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.027%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 63 (1.68%) Oracle ERP
1 63 (1.68%) Oracle Payables
1 63 (1.68%) Oracle Receivables
2 62 (1.66%) Oracle Cash Management
3 19 (0.51%) SAP S/4HANA
4 15 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 15 (0.40%) SAP FI-CA
4 15 (0.40%) SAP PSCD
5 14 (0.37%) Oracle General Ledger
6 11 (0.29%) SAP IS-U
7 9 (0.24%) Maximo
7 9 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
8 8 (0.21%) assyst
8 8 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
9 6 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 6 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
10 5 (0.13%) MoSes
10 5 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
10 5 (0.13%) SAP FI
11 4 (0.11%) Finacle
Cloud Services
1 949 (25.38%) Azure
2 791 (21.16%) AWS
3 347 (9.28%) Azure DevOps
4 266 (7.11%) Serverless
5 230 (6.15%) GitHub
6 224 (5.99%) GCP
7 156 (4.17%) PaaS
8 146 (3.90%) AWS Lambda
9 100 (2.67%) SaaS
10 99 (2.65%) AWS CloudFormation
11 85 (2.27%) OpenShift
12 79 (2.11%) Power Platform
13 77 (2.06%) Amazon S3
14 68 (1.82%) BrowserStack
15 66 (1.77%) Amazon EC2
16 65 (1.74%) IaaS
17 64 (1.71%) Tricentis Tosca
18 55 (1.47%) Azure AKS
19 53 (1.42%) Microsoft 365
20 51 (1.36%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 109 (2.92%) HTTP
2 77 (2.06%) DNS
3 57 (1.52%) TCP/IP
4 44 (1.18%) IPv4
5 42 (1.12%) HTTPS
6 35 (0.94%) Network Security
7 31 (0.83%) FTP
7 31 (0.83%) SSH
8 28 (0.75%) Internet
9 26 (0.70%) FIX Connectivity
9 26 (0.70%) VPN
10 25 (0.67%) DHCP
10 25 (0.67%) Wireless
11 21 (0.56%) SMTP
12 20 (0.53%) Firewall
13 19 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
14 18 (0.48%) Bluetooth
15 14 (0.37%) IPv6
15 14 (0.37%) MQTT
16 13 (0.35%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 293 (7.84%) SQL Server
2 159 (4.25%) Relational Database
3 154 (4.12%) MongoDB
4 140 (3.74%) MySQL
4 140 (3.74%) PostgreSQL
5 139 (3.72%) NoSQL
6 122 (3.26%) Big Data
7 109 (2.92%) Data Warehouse
8 81 (2.17%) Oracle Database
9 80 (2.14%) Oracle Reports
10 73 (1.95%) Power BI
11 67 (1.79%) Amazon RDS
12 65 (1.74%) DynamoDB
13 41 (1.10%) Elasticsearch
14 37 (0.99%) Hadoop
15 33 (0.88%) RDBMS
16 32 (0.86%) Oracle Database 12c
17 31 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
17 31 (0.83%) Redis
18 29 (0.78%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 771 (20.62%) Git (software)
2 691 (18.48%) JIRA
3 671 (17.95%) Selenium
4 632 (16.90%) Jenkins
5 401 (10.72%) Cucumber
6 221 (5.91%) GitLab
7 213 (5.70%) Postman
8 208 (5.56%) Maven
9 203 (5.43%) Cypress.io
10 178 (4.76%) TeamCity
11 175 (4.68%) JMeter
11 175 (4.68%) SpecFlow
12 149 (3.99%) JUnit
13 139 (3.72%) Bitbucket
14 136 (3.64%) SoapUI
15 129 (3.45%) REST Assured
16 118 (3.16%) Visual Studio
17 107 (2.86%) WebDriver
18 89 (2.38%) NUnit
19 75 (2.01%) Artifactory
General
1 776 (20.75%) Finance
2 693 (18.53%) Social Skills
3 394 (10.54%) Banking
4 314 (8.40%) Public Sector
5 284 (7.60%) Analytical Skills
6 180 (4.81%) Investment Banking
7 102 (2.73%) Front Office
8 79 (2.11%) Telecoms
9 73 (1.95%) Retail
10 69 (1.85%) Billing
11 66 (1.77%) Legal
12 62 (1.66%) General Ledger
13 53 (1.42%) Influencing Skills
14 52 (1.39%) Marketing
15 50 (1.34%) Games
16 48 (1.28%) Manufacturing
17 41 (1.10%) Financial Institution
17 41 (1.10%) Presentation Skills
18 36 (0.96%) Back Office
19 34 (0.91%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1,203 (32.17%) Developer
2 360 (9.63%) Tester
3 302 (8.08%) Java Developer
4 285 (7.62%) Test Engineer
5 274 (7.33%) Analyst
6 273 (7.30%) DevOps Engineer
7 241 (6.45%) Automation Tester
8 174 (4.65%) Senior Developer
9 173 (4.63%) Test Analyst
10 156 (4.17%) Software Engineer
11 153 (4.09%) Architect
12 147 (3.93%) Test Manager
13 146 (3.90%) QA Engineer
14 140 (3.74%) Test Leader
15 138 (3.69%) Test Automation Engineer
16 119 (3.18%) Python Developer
16 119 (3.18%) Software Developer
17 104 (2.78%) .NET Developer
18 102 (2.73%) AWS Engineer
19 93 (2.49%) C# Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 513 (13.72%) .NET
2 420 (11.23%) HTML
3 418 (11.18%) React
4 414 (11.07%) REST
5 371 (9.92%) CSS
6 357 (9.55%) RESTful
7 305 (8.16%) Node.js
8 299 (8.00%) Spring
9 287 (7.68%) Kafka
10 216 (5.78%) AngularJS
11 215 (5.75%) JSON
12 205 (5.48%) Web Services
13 201 (5.38%) Spring Boot
14 169 (4.52%) HTML5
15 146 (3.90%) XML
16 140 (3.74%) SOAP
17 133 (3.56%) .NET Framework
18 123 (3.29%) .NET Core
19 107 (2.86%) ASP.NET
20 102 (2.73%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 159 (4.25%) User Experience
2 131 (3.50%) Mobile App
3 123 (3.29%) Algorithms
4 92 (2.46%) Greenfield Project
5 91 (2.43%) Fixed Income
6 88 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
7 82 (2.19%) Data Structures
7 82 (2.19%) Virtual Team
8 81 (2.17%) Public Cloud
9 79 (2.11%) Cloud Native
10 50 (1.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 47 (1.26%) Data Protection Act
12 46 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
13 45 (1.20%) Derivative
14 40 (1.07%) Linux Command Line
15 39 (1.04%) Management Information System
16 34 (0.91%) Enterprise Software
16 34 (0.91%) Video Conferencing
17 30 (0.80%) Hedge funds
18 27 (0.72%) IoT
Operating Systems
1 481 (12.86%) Linux
2 195 (5.22%) Windows
3 173 (4.63%) Unix
4 82 (2.19%) Android
5 81 (2.17%) Apple iOS
6 41 (1.10%) Mac OS X
7 32 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 19 (0.51%) CentOS
9 17 (0.45%) Windows Server
10 12 (0.32%) Ubuntu
11 11 (0.29%) Debian
12 10 (0.27%) Embedded Linux
12 10 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
13 9 (0.24%) AIX
14 7 (0.19%) VMS
14 7 (0.19%) Windows 10
15 4 (0.11%) Mac OS
16 3 (0.080%) Amazon Linux
16 3 (0.080%) Kali Linux
16 3 (0.080%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,123 (56.78%) Agile
2 1,279 (34.21%) DevOps
3 1,208 (32.31%) CI/CD
4 739 (19.76%) Scrum
5 733 (19.60%) TDD
6 724 (19.36%) Microservices
7 567 (15.16%) Continuous Integration
8 543 (14.52%) BDD
9 516 (13.80%) Software Engineering
10 453 (12.12%) Software Testing
11 388 (10.38%) Problem-Solving
12 336 (8.99%) Continuous Delivery
13 325 (8.69%) SDLC
14 300 (8.02%) Test Strategy
15 277 (7.41%) Analytics
16 273 (7.30%) Functional Testing
17 258 (6.90%) Kanban
18 251 (6.71%) Mentoring
19 247 (6.61%) Regression Testing
20 245 (6.55%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,223 (32.71%) Java
2 835 (22.33%) JavaScript
3 831 (22.23%) Python
4 733 (19.60%) SQL
5 656 (17.54%) C#
6 305 (8.16%) TypeScript
7 209 (5.59%) Bash
8 198 (5.30%) PowerShell
9 141 (3.77%) Go
10 133 (3.56%) C++
11 103 (2.75%) Scala
12 97 (2.59%) C
13 79 (2.11%) Shell Script
14 70 (1.87%) Kotlin
15 60 (1.60%) PL/SQL
15 60 (1.60%) Ruby
16 46 (1.23%) Rust
17 43 (1.15%) Groovy
18 39 (1.04%) ES6
19 30 (0.80%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 636 (17.01%) Security Cleared
2 518 (13.85%) SC Cleared
3 225 (6.02%) ISTQB
4 160 (4.28%) Degree
5 118 (3.16%) ISEB
6 89 (2.38%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 70 (1.87%) DV Cleared
8 67 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
9 41 (1.10%) BPSS Clearance
10 16 (0.43%) AWS Certification
11 13 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
12 12 (0.32%) CCNA
12 12 (0.32%) TOGAF Certification
13 11 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.24%) Master's Degree
15 8 (0.21%) CISSP
15 8 (0.21%) HNC
15 8 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
16 7 (0.19%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 7 (0.19%) MCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 690 (18.45%) QA
2 135 (3.61%) Accessibility
3 36 (0.96%) WCAG
4 23 (0.62%) GDPR
5 22 (0.59%) Data Quality
6 11 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 7 (0.19%) EMIR
7 7 (0.19%) IFRS
7 7 (0.19%) NIST
8 6 (0.16%) CRD IV
8 6 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 6 (0.16%) SLA
9 5 (0.13%) COBIT
9 5 (0.13%) GRC
9 5 (0.13%) ISO 9000
9 5 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 5 (0.13%) PMO
10 4 (0.11%) GxP
11 3 (0.080%) Disclosure Scotland
11 3 (0.080%) IFRS 17
System Software
1 524 (14.01%) Docker
2 27 (0.72%) Virtual Machines
3 23 (0.62%) VMware Infrastructure
4 18 (0.48%) Active Directory
4 18 (0.48%) NFS
5 11 (0.29%) vCloud
6 10 (0.27%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
6 10 (0.27%) KVM
7 9 (0.24%) vSphere
8 8 (0.21%) iptables
8 8 (0.21%) Xen
9 7 (0.19%) OpenSSH
9 7 (0.19%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.11%) HDFS
10 4 (0.11%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.11%) Oracle Clusterware
10 4 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
11 3 (0.080%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 3 (0.080%) Varnish
11 3 (0.080%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 570 (15.24%) Kubernetes
2 454 (12.14%) Terraform
3 284 (7.60%) Ansible
4 64 (1.71%) Puppet
5 62 (1.66%) Grafana
6 52 (1.39%) Packer
7 49 (1.31%) Consul
8 39 (1.04%) Kibana
9 38 (1.02%) HP ALM
9 38 (1.02%) Prometheus
10 33 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
11 26 (0.70%) HP Quality Center
12 21 (0.56%) Argo
13 20 (0.53%) Docker Swarm
14 16 (0.43%) Istio
15 14 (0.37%) Fluentd
16 13 (0.35%) HP Fortify
16 13 (0.35%) Salt
16 13 (0.35%) ZABBIX
17 12 (0.32%) BladeLogic
Vendors
1 373 (9.98%) Oracle
2 362 (9.68%) Microsoft
3 99 (2.65%) SAP
4 95 (2.54%) Google
5 92 (2.46%) Databricks
6 73 (1.95%) AppDynamics
7 70 (1.87%) ServiceNow
8 63 (1.68%) Atlassian
9 56 (1.50%) IBM
9 56 (1.50%) Salesforce.com
9 56 (1.50%) Splunk
10 47 (1.26%) VMware
11 46 (1.23%) Dynatrace
12 41 (1.10%) HP
13 39 (1.04%) Red Hat
14 33 (0.88%) ION Trading
15 23 (0.62%) Telerik
15 23 (0.62%) TIBCO
16 22 (0.59%) Talend
17 21 (0.56%) Adobe