Period
to 29 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 29 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
29 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 34 33 30
Rank change year-on-year -1 -3 +11
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 1,476 4,396 6,119
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 5.70% 5.57% 6.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.57% 6.39% 7.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,017 2,956 4,172
Median daily rate £475 £475 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.15% +4.49%
10th Percentile £313 £333 £320
90th Percentile £644 £625 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 28 39
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 22,475 68,837 80,891
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.86% 87.16% 87.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 14,406 45,666 54,053
Median daily rate £475 £475 £468
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +1.60% +3.89%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 785 1,982 2,173
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.65 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +41.99% +17.38% -14.29%
10th Percentile £12.63 £11.80 £11.18
90th Percentile £54.88 £53.75 £50.25
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.00 £20.80
% change year-on-year +45.83% +15.41% -16.37%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 29 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 29 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -4 809 £525 +5.00% 239
North of England +9 253 £450 +4.65% 146
South East -12 141 £465 +3.33% 114
North West +14 120 £450 +2.86% 62
Yorkshire +13 101 £450 - 50
Midlands +5 91 £358 -10.54% 43
East of England +15 82 £450 - 32
South West -11 74 £400 -5.88% 41
West Midlands +4 52 £360 -10.00% 28
East Midlands +10 37 £315 -23.64% 14
North East -5 33 £485 +17.58% 34
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 29 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 916 (62.06%) Agile Software Development
2 684 (46.34%) Java
3 500 (33.88%) DevOps
4 387 (26.22%) AWS
5 382 (25.88%) TDD
6 369 (25.00%) Git (software)
7 345 (23.37%) Jenkins
7 345 (23.37%) Scrum
8 344 (23.31%) Azure
9 338 (22.90%) Python
10 336 (22.76%) Selenium
11 332 (22.49%) BDD
12 300 (20.33%) Security Cleared
13 296 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
14 294 (19.92%) SQL
14 294 (19.92%) Microservices
15 268 (18.16%) JIRA
16 262 (17.75%) Linux
17 261 (17.68%) Cucumber
18 245 (16.60%) QA
18 245 (16.60%) JavaScript
18 245 (16.60%) Docker
19 236 (15.99%) SC Cleared
20 231 (15.65%) Finance
21 215 (14.57%) REST
22 194 (13.14%) Kubernetes
23 189 (12.80%) Unix
24 186 (12.60%) Public Sector
25 177 (11.99%) C#
26 171 (11.59%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 149 (10.09%) Confluence
2 42 (2.85%) Mule
3 34 (2.30%) Apache Spark
4 33 (2.24%) Cloud Foundry
5 32 (2.17%) Elasticsearch
6 27 (1.83%) WebLogic
7 22 (1.49%) Apache
8 20 (1.36%) JBoss
8 20 (1.36%) Tomcat
9 12 (0.81%) Apache Airflow
9 12 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 12 (0.81%) SharePoint
10 10 (0.68%) Red Hat Fuse
11 7 (0.47%) CMS
11 7 (0.47%) nginx
11 7 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
12 5 (0.34%) Jetty
12 5 (0.34%) MQSeries
12 5 (0.34%) Oracle Self-Service HR
13 4 (0.27%) Umbraco
Applications
1 32 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
3 5 (0.34%) Microsoft Project
3 5 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.27%) Figma
5 1 (0.068%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.068%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.068%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 14 (0.95%) BASE24
2 12 (0.81%) SunGard Martini
3 11 (0.75%) Dynamics CRM
3 11 (0.75%) Teamcenter
4 8 (0.54%) ION MarketView
4 8 (0.54%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.34%) Oracle ERP
5 5 (0.34%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.27%) Workfront
7 3 (0.20%) Endur
7 3 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
7 3 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
7 3 (0.20%) SAP FI-CA
7 3 (0.20%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.14%) Magento
8 2 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
8 2 (0.14%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 387 (26.22%) AWS
2 344 (23.31%) Azure
3 114 (7.72%) GitHub
4 70 (4.74%) GCP
5 64 (4.34%) Serverless
6 59 (4.00%) Slack
7 47 (3.18%) PaaS
8 45 (3.05%) AWS Lambda
8 45 (3.05%) IaaS
9 38 (2.57%) Power Platform
10 33 (2.24%) Azure Functions
11 28 (1.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 28 (1.90%) SaaS
12 27 (1.83%) BrowserStack
13 23 (1.56%) npm
14 22 (1.49%) Coveralls
14 22 (1.49%) Logic Apps
14 22 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 21 (1.42%) AWS CloudFormation
16 20 (1.36%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 51 (3.46%) HTTP
2 46 (3.12%) SSL
3 33 (2.24%) DNS
4 30 (2.03%) TCP/IP
5 29 (1.96%) HTTPS
6 22 (1.49%) Firewall
7 14 (0.95%) ATM
8 13 (0.88%) DSL
9 11 (0.75%) Internet
10 10 (0.68%) Kerberos
10 10 (0.68%) Wireless
11 8 (0.54%) Reverse Proxy
12 7 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
13 6 (0.41%) Broadband
13 6 (0.41%) DHCP
13 6 (0.41%) LTE
13 6 (0.41%) Skype
13 6 (0.41%) SSH
14 5 (0.34%) 3GPP
14 5 (0.34%) 5G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 113 (7.66%) MongoDB
2 95 (6.44%) SQL Server
3 82 (5.56%) NoSQL
4 80 (5.42%) Relational Database
5 57 (3.86%) Oracle Database
6 52 (3.52%) MySQL
7 45 (3.05%) Big Data
8 40 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
8 40 (2.71%) PostgreSQL
9 36 (2.44%) Data Lake
10 34 (2.30%) Hadoop
10 34 (2.30%) RDBMS
11 31 (2.10%) Power BI
12 22 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 21 (1.42%) Oracle Database 11g
14 19 (1.29%) OLTP
15 17 (1.15%) Oracle Database 12c
16 16 (1.08%) Amazon RDS
17 15 (1.02%) Azure SQL Database
17 15 (1.02%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 369 (25.00%) Git (software)
2 345 (23.37%) Jenkins
3 336 (22.76%) Selenium
4 268 (18.16%) JIRA
5 261 (17.68%) Cucumber
6 124 (8.40%) Maven
7 120 (8.13%) JUnit
8 99 (6.71%) JMeter
9 87 (5.89%) SoapUI
10 84 (5.69%) Mockito
11 73 (4.95%) Subversion
12 70 (4.74%) WebDriver
13 64 (4.34%) GitLab
14 61 (4.13%) Sonatype Nexus
15 59 (4.00%) Jasmine
16 54 (3.66%) Visual Studio
17 53 (3.59%) Cypress.io
18 52 (3.52%) SonarQube
19 49 (3.32%) Postman
20 47 (3.18%) SpecFlow
General
1 231 (15.65%) Finance
2 186 (12.60%) Public Sector
3 148 (10.03%) Banking
4 52 (3.52%) Investment Banking
5 48 (3.25%) Front Office
6 24 (1.63%) Marketing
7 20 (1.36%) Telecoms
8 14 (0.95%) Financial Institution
9 12 (0.81%) Electronics
9 12 (0.81%) Manufacturing
9 12 (0.81%) Police
10 11 (0.75%) Retail
10 11 (0.75%) Retail Banking
11 9 (0.61%) Games
12 6 (0.41%) Back Office
12 6 (0.41%) Pharmaceutical
12 6 (0.41%) Social Housing
13 5 (0.34%) Automotive
13 5 (0.34%) Legal
14 4 (0.27%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 579 (39.23%) Developer
2 183 (12.40%) Java Developer
3 181 (12.26%) Tester
4 126 (8.54%) Test Engineer
5 100 (6.78%) DevOps Engineer
6 97 (6.57%) Automation Tester
7 89 (6.03%) Analyst
8 72 (4.88%) Test Automation Engineer
9 70 (4.74%) Senior Developer
10 67 (4.54%) Test Analyst
11 64 (4.34%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 55 (3.73%) Architect
12 55 (3.73%) QA Engineer
13 47 (3.18%) Python Developer
14 45 (3.05%) Test Manager
15 41 (2.78%) .NET Developer
16 40 (2.71%) Java Engineer
16 40 (2.71%) React Developer
17 39 (2.64%) C# Developer
18 37 (2.51%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 215 (14.57%) REST
2 153 (10.37%) Spring
3 152 (10.30%) HTML
4 147 (9.96%) Node.js
5 139 (9.42%) .NET
6 137 (9.28%) CSS
7 131 (8.88%) Web Services
8 117 (7.93%) JSON
8 117 (7.93%) React
9 108 (7.32%) Spring Boot
10 103 (6.98%) SOAP
11 100 (6.78%) XML
12 99 (6.71%) RESTful
13 88 (5.96%) HTML5
14 82 (5.56%) Gherkin
15 80 (5.42%) AngularJS
16 76 (5.15%) Redux
17 62 (4.20%) Sass
18 55 (3.73%) jQuery
19 52 (3.52%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 127 (8.60%) User Experience
2 100 (6.78%) Mobile App
3 74 (5.01%) Analytical Skills
4 29 (1.96%) Algorithms
4 29 (1.96%) Fixed Income
5 26 (1.76%) Self-Motivation
6 25 (1.69%) Data Structures
7 23 (1.56%) Derivative
8 21 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (1.42%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (1.29%) Management Information System
10 18 (1.22%) Client/Server
10 18 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 18 (1.22%) Virtual Team
11 14 (0.95%) EMV
12 13 (0.88%) N-Tier
13 12 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
13 12 (0.81%) Tandem
14 9 (0.61%) Equities
15 8 (0.54%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 262 (17.75%) Linux
2 189 (12.80%) Unix
3 120 (8.13%) Windows
4 91 (6.17%) Mac OS X
5 72 (4.88%) Android
6 68 (4.61%) Apple iOS
7 12 (0.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 8 (0.54%) Windows Server
9 7 (0.47%) Mac OS
9 7 (0.47%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.34%) CentOS
10 5 (0.34%) Debian
11 4 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.14%) AIX
12 2 (0.14%) Android TV
12 2 (0.14%) VMS
12 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (0.14%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.068%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 916 (62.06%) Agile Software Development
2 500 (33.88%) DevOps
3 382 (25.88%) TDD
4 345 (23.37%) Scrum
5 332 (22.49%) BDD
6 296 (20.05%) Continuous Integration
7 294 (19.92%) Microservices
8 171 (11.59%) Kanban
9 169 (11.45%) Continuous Delivery
10 145 (9.82%) Continuous Deployment
11 134 (9.08%) Pair Programming
11 134 (9.08%) Test Scripting
12 130 (8.81%) Problem-Solving
13 129 (8.74%) Regression Testing
14 116 (7.86%) Unit Testing
15 115 (7.79%) Performance Testing
15 115 (7.79%) Web Development
16 111 (7.52%) Front End Development
17 104 (7.05%) Open Source
18 103 (6.98%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 684 (46.34%) Java
2 338 (22.90%) Python
3 294 (19.92%) SQL
4 245 (16.60%) JavaScript
5 177 (11.99%) C#
6 145 (9.82%) Java 8
7 76 (5.15%) Kotlin
8 64 (4.34%) Scala
9 59 (4.00%) Bash Shell
9 59 (4.00%) Shell Script
10 52 (3.52%) Ruby
11 51 (3.46%) Apple Swift
12 45 (3.05%) PowerShell
13 43 (2.91%) C++
14 40 (2.71%) Perl
15 37 (2.51%) TypeScript
16 34 (2.30%) PL/SQL
17 25 (1.69%) C
17 25 (1.69%) Groovy
18 19 (1.29%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 300 (20.33%) Security Cleared
2 236 (15.99%) SC Cleared
3 84 (5.69%) ISTQB
4 67 (4.54%) ISEB
5 55 (3.73%) Degree
6 45 (3.05%) BPSS Clearance
7 44 (2.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 24 (1.63%) DBS Check
8 24 (1.63%) DV Cleared
9 20 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
10 9 (0.61%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 6 (0.41%) ISEB Practitioner
12 4 (0.27%) PhD
13 3 (0.20%) Cisco Certification
14 2 (0.14%) AWS Certification
14 2 (0.14%) CCNA
14 2 (0.14%) JNCIA
15 1 (0.068%) (ISC)2 CCSP
15 1 (0.068%) Master's Degree
15 1 (0.068%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 245 (16.60%) QA
2 43 (2.91%) WCAG
3 14 (0.95%) Data Quality
4 11 (0.75%) ISO 8583
5 7 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 5 (0.34%) GDPR
6 5 (0.34%) ISO 9001
7 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.20%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.14%) NIST
8 2 (0.14%) PMO
8 2 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.068%) GMP
9 1 (0.068%) GxP
9 1 (0.068%) JSP 440
9 1 (0.068%) JTAG
9 1 (0.068%) MiFID
9 1 (0.068%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.068%) Section 508
9 1 (0.068%) SLA
System Software
1 245 (16.60%) Docker
2 18 (1.22%) Active Directory
3 14 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
4 10 (0.68%) Oracle Clusterware
4 10 (0.68%) Oracle RAC
5 6 (0.41%) Firmware
6 4 (0.27%) HDFS
6 4 (0.27%) NDS
6 4 (0.27%) NetIQ eDirectory
6 4 (0.27%) NFS
6 4 (0.27%) Virtual Desktop
7 3 (0.20%) VMware Infrastructure
7 3 (0.20%) vSphere
7 3 (0.20%) XenApp
7 3 (0.20%) XenDesktop
8 2 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.068%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.068%) RACF
9 1 (0.068%) Virtual Servers
9 1 (0.068%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 194 (13.14%) Kubernetes
2 86 (5.83%) Terraform
3 81 (5.49%) Ansible
4 69 (4.67%) Puppet
5 56 (3.79%) Opscode Chef
6 31 (2.10%) Prometheus
7 17 (1.15%) Grafana
8 15 (1.02%) Zipkin
9 14 (0.95%) HP ALM
9 14 (0.95%) HP Quality Center
9 14 (0.95%) Kibana
10 12 (0.81%) Data Guard
11 10 (0.68%) Nagios
11 10 (0.68%) Oracle RMAN
11 10 (0.68%) Salt
12 9 (0.61%) Rancher
13 8 (0.54%) Single Sign-On
13 8 (0.54%) ZABBIX
14 7 (0.47%) Packer
15 5 (0.34%) logstash
Vendors
1 157 (10.64%) Oracle
2 122 (8.27%) Microsoft
3 59 (4.00%) Splunk
4 53 (3.59%) AppDynamics
5 42 (2.85%) Google
6 36 (2.44%) SAP
7 30 (2.03%) Databricks
8 22 (1.49%) HP
9 21 (1.42%) Atlassian
9 21 (1.42%) Informatica
10 18 (1.22%) MuleSoft
11 17 (1.15%) IBM
12 16 (1.08%) webMethods
13 13 (0.88%) Blue Coat
13 13 (0.88%) F5
13 13 (0.88%) Hortonworks
14 12 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
14 12 (0.81%) SunGard
15 11 (0.75%) ION Trading
16 10 (0.68%) Tableau