Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 38 29 41
Rank change year-on-year -9 +12 +3
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 4,176 6,295 4,873
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.40% 6.66% 5.29%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.24% 7.66% 6.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,788 4,250 3,390
England median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £335 £325 £308
90th Percentile £625 £600 £603
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £438
% change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 42 62
England median hourly rate £44.00 £40.38 £41.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.98% -3.29% +4.38%
10th Percentile £22.30 £20.45 £17.85
90th Percentile £51.05 £55.37 £50.72
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.38 £40.50
% change year-on-year +11.46% -0.31% +2.87%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 66,939 82,142 79,662
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.62% 86.88% 86.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 44,498 54,858 53,292
England median daily rate £475 £473 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £644 £631
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £450
% change year-on-year +4.51% +1.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,003 2,195 1,876
England median hourly rate £24.12 £21.00 £24.72
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +14.86% -15.03% +9.84%
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.62 £24.66
% change year-on-year +16.38% -16.37% +9.60%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -11 1,994 £500 - 386
South East -6 808 £450 +5.88% 253
North of England -6 531 £425 +4.62% 268
South West -10 361 £425 +6.25% 130
Midlands -16 241 £400 -1.23% 143
Yorkshire -1 240 £425 +6.25% 106
East of England -6 226 £450 -2.70% 138
North West -32 158 £438 +2.94% 123
North East +22 132 £425 +6.25% 39
East Midlands -1 116 £423 +12.67% 51
West Midlands -32 116 £400 -5.88% 89
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,541 (60.85%) Agile Software Development
2 1,288 (30.84%) Java
3 1,212 (29.02%) Selenium
4 1,102 (26.39%) DevOps
5 979 (23.44%) JavaScript
6 941 (22.53%) C#
7 918 (21.98%) Scrum
8 906 (21.70%) Continuous Integration
9 903 (21.62%) TDD
10 839 (20.09%) SQL
11 835 (20.00%) Jenkins
12 826 (19.78%) Git (software)
13 821 (19.66%) QA
14 774 (18.53%) Azure
15 719 (17.22%) BDD
16 716 (17.15%) JIRA
17 712 (17.05%) Python
18 696 (16.67%) Cucumber
19 652 (15.61%) Finance
20 561 (13.43%) .NET
21 558 (13.36%) Microservices
22 547 (13.10%) AWS
23 546 (13.07%) Linux
24 532 (12.74%) HTML
25 510 (12.21%) Docker
26 477 (11.42%) CSS
27 437 (10.46%) Microsoft
28 423 (10.13%) Web Services
29 416 (9.96%) Security Cleared
30 413 (9.89%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 321 (7.69%) Confluence
2 106 (2.54%) Apache
3 93 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
4 77 (1.84%) Tomcat
5 62 (1.48%) Apache Spark
6 59 (1.41%) SharePoint
7 50 (1.20%) nginx
8 37 (0.89%) JBoss
9 33 (0.79%) WebLogic
10 27 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
11 22 (0.53%) CMS
11 22 (0.53%) IIS
11 22 (0.53%) Mule
12 19 (0.45%) WebSphere
13 18 (0.43%) Jetty
14 17 (0.41%) Drupal
15 16 (0.38%) NServiceBus
16 14 (0.34%) Umbraco
17 13 (0.31%) Adobe Experience Manager
18 10 (0.24%) OpenStack
Applications
1 41 (0.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 27 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 14 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 12 (0.29%) Microsoft Project
5 5 (0.12%) Zeplin
6 4 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.096%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.072%) Chatbot
8 2 (0.048%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.024%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.024%) Simulink
9 1 (0.024%) Sketch
9 1 (0.024%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 57 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.53%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 13 (0.31%) Magento
4 9 (0.22%) BusinessWorks
5 8 (0.19%) SAP ERP
6 7 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
6 7 (0.17%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle Cash Management
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle General Ledger
8 5 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 4 (0.096%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.096%) Fredhopper
9 4 (0.096%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.096%) SAP FI
9 4 (0.096%) thinkFolio
10 3 (0.072%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 774 (18.53%) Azure
2 547 (13.10%) AWS
3 234 (5.60%) GitHub
4 133 (3.18%) GCP
5 100 (2.39%) PaaS
6 80 (1.92%) Serverless
7 79 (1.89%) Power Platform
8 67 (1.60%) BrowserStack
9 65 (1.56%) OpenShift
10 62 (1.48%) IaaS
11 58 (1.39%) Sauce Labs
12 52 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
13 51 (1.22%) SaaS
14 50 (1.20%) Cloud Computing
15 49 (1.17%) Azure Data Factory
16 46 (1.10%) Slack
17 45 (1.08%) npm
18 37 (0.89%) Amazon S3
19 34 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
20 31 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 156 (3.74%) HTTP
2 72 (1.72%) TCP/IP
3 40 (0.96%) DNS
4 39 (0.93%) Firewall
4 39 (0.93%) SSL
5 38 (0.91%) Internet
6 18 (0.43%) VPN
7 16 (0.38%) Wireless
8 15 (0.36%) Multicast
9 14 (0.34%) DHCP
9 14 (0.34%) FTP
10 13 (0.31%) IPsec
11 12 (0.29%) SSH
12 10 (0.24%) Network Security
13 8 (0.19%) DSL
13 8 (0.19%) Skype
13 8 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
14 7 (0.17%) DVB
14 7 (0.17%) iSCSI
15 6 (0.14%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 307 (7.35%) SQL Server
2 217 (5.20%) Relational Database
3 193 (4.62%) NoSQL
4 181 (4.33%) MongoDB
5 141 (3.38%) MySQL
6 132 (3.16%) Big Data
7 113 (2.71%) Data Warehouse
8 98 (2.35%) PostgreSQL
9 72 (1.72%) Hadoop
9 72 (1.72%) Power BI
10 63 (1.51%) Data Lake
11 61 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 56 (1.34%) Redis
13 46 (1.10%) Oracle Database
14 43 (1.03%) RDBMS
15 40 (0.96%) Apache Cassandra
16 37 (0.89%) Azure SQL Database
16 37 (0.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 35 (0.84%) SQL Server 2014
18 30 (0.72%) SQL Server 2017
Development Applications
1 1,212 (29.02%) Selenium
2 835 (20.00%) Jenkins
3 826 (19.78%) Git (software)
4 716 (17.15%) JIRA
5 696 (16.67%) Cucumber
6 282 (6.75%) WebDriver
7 251 (6.01%) JMeter
8 239 (5.72%) SpecFlow
9 196 (4.69%) JUnit
10 190 (4.55%) Maven
10 190 (4.55%) Visual Studio
11 185 (4.43%) Visual Studio Team System
12 158 (3.78%) Team Foundation Server
13 154 (3.69%) SoapUI
14 149 (3.57%) TeamCity
15 130 (3.11%) Bitbucket
16 106 (2.54%) Subversion
17 103 (2.47%) Gatling
18 98 (2.35%) Sonatype Nexus
19 97 (2.32%) Appium
General
1 652 (15.61%) Finance
2 276 (6.61%) Banking
3 237 (5.68%) Public Sector
4 134 (3.21%) Retail
5 81 (1.94%) Telecoms
6 75 (1.80%) Front Office
7 62 (1.48%) Manufacturing
8 57 (1.36%) Games
9 54 (1.29%) Legal
10 51 (1.22%) Marketing
11 50 (1.20%) Investment Banking
12 49 (1.17%) Law
13 45 (1.08%) Financial Institution
14 31 (0.74%) Electronics
15 22 (0.53%) Publishing
16 21 (0.50%) Back Office
16 21 (0.50%) Retail Banking
17 17 (0.41%) Advertising
17 17 (0.41%) Police
18 14 (0.34%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,450 (34.72%) Developer
2 586 (14.03%) Tester
3 480 (11.49%) Analyst
4 405 (9.70%) Test Analyst
5 392 (9.39%) Test Engineer
6 360 (8.62%) Automation Tester
7 272 (6.51%) Java Developer
8 260 (6.23%) DevOps Engineer
9 203 (4.86%) Test Automation Engineer
10 195 (4.67%) Senior Developer
11 163 (3.90%) Automation Test Analyst
12 161 (3.86%) Test Manager
13 152 (3.64%) Software Developer
14 138 (3.30%) Software Engineer
15 121 (2.90%) C# Developer
16 118 (2.83%) QA Engineer
16 118 (2.83%) Test Leader
17 116 (2.78%) .NET Developer
18 112 (2.68%) Developer in Test
19 110 (2.63%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 561 (13.43%) .NET
2 532 (12.74%) HTML
3 477 (11.42%) CSS
4 423 (10.13%) Web Services
5 411 (9.84%) RESTful
6 389 (9.32%) Node.js
7 377 (9.03%) REST
8 372 (8.91%) React
9 350 (8.38%) AngularJS
10 291 (6.97%) Spring
11 289 (6.92%) JSON
12 244 (5.84%) HTML5
13 230 (5.51%) XML
14 219 (5.24%) SOAP
15 214 (5.12%) Gherkin
16 149 (3.57%) Redux
17 137 (3.28%) CSS3
18 131 (3.14%) Spring Boot
19 121 (2.90%) .NET Core
20 120 (2.87%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 221 (5.29%) Analytical Skills
2 220 (5.27%) User Experience
3 151 (3.62%) Mobile App
4 129 (3.09%) Greenfield Project
5 83 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
6 76 (1.82%) Linux Command Line
7 72 (1.72%) Data Structures
8 58 (1.39%) Algorithms
9 57 (1.36%) Enterprise Software
10 53 (1.27%) Equities
11 49 (1.17%) Management Information System
12 47 (1.13%) Derivative
13 40 (0.96%) Virtual Team
14 38 (0.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 35 (0.84%) Blog
16 32 (0.77%) EPoS
17 30 (0.72%) Data Centre
18 29 (0.69%) STB
19 26 (0.62%) Fixed Income
19 26 (0.62%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 546 (13.07%) Linux
2 306 (7.33%) Windows
3 280 (6.70%) Unix
4 120 (2.87%) Android
5 116 (2.78%) Apple iOS
6 78 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 77 (1.84%) Mac OS X
8 46 (1.10%) Windows Server
9 43 (1.03%) Ubuntu
10 39 (0.93%) CentOS
11 35 (0.84%) Windows 10
12 30 (0.72%) Mac OS
13 20 (0.48%) Debian
14 7 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
14 7 (0.17%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.14%) VMS
15 6 (0.14%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
17 4 (0.096%) Windows 7
18 3 (0.072%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,541 (60.85%) Agile Software Development
2 1,102 (26.39%) DevOps
3 918 (21.98%) Scrum
4 906 (21.70%) Continuous Integration
5 903 (21.62%) TDD
6 719 (17.22%) BDD
7 558 (13.36%) Microservices
8 413 (9.89%) Kanban
9 382 (9.15%) Software Engineering
10 374 (8.96%) Test Strategy
11 368 (8.81%) Test Scripting
12 327 (7.83%) Regression Testing
13 319 (7.64%) Unit Testing
14 316 (7.57%) SDLC
15 312 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
16 311 (7.45%) Continuous Delivery
17 295 (7.06%) Manual Testing
18 285 (6.82%) Performance Testing
19 276 (6.61%) Continuous Deployment
20 257 (6.15%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 1,288 (30.84%) Java
2 979 (23.44%) JavaScript
3 941 (22.53%) C#
4 839 (20.09%) SQL
5 712 (17.05%) Python
6 261 (6.25%) Ruby
7 193 (4.62%) PowerShell
8 161 (3.86%) TypeScript
9 145 (3.47%) C++
9 145 (3.47%) Scala
10 142 (3.40%) Java 8
11 105 (2.51%) Bash Shell
12 95 (2.27%) C
13 88 (2.11%) PHP
14 87 (2.08%) ES6
15 80 (1.92%) Shell Script
16 68 (1.63%) PL/SQL
17 62 (1.48%) Perl
18 59 (1.41%) T-SQL
19 56 (1.34%) Go
Qualifications
1 416 (9.96%) Security Cleared
2 281 (6.73%) ISTQB
3 268 (6.42%) SC Cleared
4 229 (5.48%) Degree
5 199 (4.77%) ISEB
6 113 (2.71%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 74 (1.77%) DV Cleared
8 70 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
9 61 (1.46%) BPSS Clearance
10 20 (0.48%) Master's Degree
11 16 (0.38%) DBS Check
12 12 (0.29%) ISEB Practitioner
13 10 (0.24%) SANS
14 8 (0.19%) AWS Certification
15 7 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 6 (0.14%) BC Cleared
17 5 (0.12%) CISSP
17 5 (0.12%) Microsoft Certification
17 5 (0.12%) OSCP
17 5 (0.12%) SSCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 821 (19.66%) QA
2 44 (1.05%) WCAG
3 21 (0.50%) GDPR
4 18 (0.43%) Data Quality
5 15 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
6 8 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 8 (0.19%) PMO
7 6 (0.14%) NIST
8 5 (0.12%) PCI DSS
8 5 (0.12%) PSD2
9 4 (0.096%) HL7
10 3 (0.072%) EMIR
10 3 (0.072%) JTAG
10 3 (0.072%) MiFID
10 3 (0.072%) SLA
11 2 (0.048%) GxP
11 2 (0.048%) ISO 9001
12 1 (0.024%) GAMP
12 1 (0.024%) PMBOK
12 1 (0.024%) TARGET2
System Software
1 510 (12.21%) Docker
2 70 (1.68%) Active Directory
3 57 (1.36%) Virtual Machines
4 32 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.41%) vSphere
6 8 (0.19%) HDFS
6 8 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 8 (0.19%) LXC
7 6 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
8 5 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (0.096%) KVM
9 4 (0.096%) RACF
10 3 (0.072%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.072%) oVirt
10 3 (0.072%) XenApp
11 2 (0.048%) NDS
11 2 (0.048%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.048%) Snort
11 2 (0.048%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.048%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 315 (7.54%) Kubernetes
2 200 (4.79%) Ansible
3 164 (3.93%) Terraform
4 131 (3.14%) Puppet
5 82 (1.96%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (1.46%) HP Quality Center
7 40 (0.96%) Grafana
8 39 (0.93%) Kibana
9 38 (0.91%) HP ALM
10 13 (0.31%) Salt
11 11 (0.26%) HAProxy
11 11 (0.26%) Packer
12 10 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
13 9 (0.22%) Control-M
13 9 (0.22%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.22%) ZABBIX
14 8 (0.19%) Oozie
14 8 (0.19%) SCCM
15 7 (0.17%) Host Intrusion Detection System
15 7 (0.17%) Network Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 437 (10.46%) Microsoft
2 220 (5.27%) Oracle
3 162 (3.88%) Google
4 82 (1.96%) SAP
5 73 (1.75%) Salesforce.com
6 72 (1.72%) Atlassian
7 70 (1.68%) HP
8 63 (1.51%) Cypress Semiconductor
9 60 (1.44%) VMware
10 55 (1.32%) Red Hat
11 51 (1.22%) Splunk
12 40 (0.96%) Databricks
13 39 (0.93%) IBM
13 39 (0.93%) MuleSoft
14 37 (0.89%) Tableau
15 25 (0.60%) Adobe
16 24 (0.57%) AppDynamics
17 23 (0.55%) hybris
18 22 (0.53%) ServiceNow
19 21 (0.50%) New Relic