The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK / England
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 37 41 49
Rank change year-on-year +4 +8  
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2258 2201 1939
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.25% 4.44% 3.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.19% 5.32% 4.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1525 1464 1319
Median daily rate £425 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 21 27
Median hourly rate £39.50 £42.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.95% +12.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £34.00 £28.50 £25.70
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £51.17 £52.00 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £38.50 £34.90
% change year-on-year -0.64% +10.31%  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36460 41364 41331
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 84.71% 83.50% 80.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 23944 27759 26979
Median daily rate £450 £446 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.84% +7.53%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.89%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 956 965 1150
Median hourly rate £32.00 £27.25 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.43% +4.80%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £12.55 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £47.83 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.50 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +17.54% -5.00%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Test Automation as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +4 1077 £475 +5.55% 317
South East -2 369 £388 -3.12% 127
Yorkshire +27 174 £425 +6.25% 44
South West +16 170 £375 - 50
East of England +43 129 £447 +11.81% 53
North West +3 125 £394 -1.56% 89
East Midlands +18 82 £388 +19.23% 28
West Midlands +15 80 £369 +5.35% 33
North East +32 47 £370 +13.84% 15
Midlands +10 1 £370 -1.33% 61
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2998 (66.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1822 (40.19%) Java
3 1361 (30.02%) TDD
4 1344 (29.65%) Continuous Integration
5 1309 (28.88%) Selenium
6 1166 (25.72%) Scrum
7 1089 (24.02%) JavaScript
8 1042 (22.99%) Jenkins
9 1016 (22.41%) Git (software)
10 941 (20.76%) BDD
11 903 (19.92%) QA
12 898 (19.81%) SQL
13 821 (18.11%) HTML
14 807 (17.80%) JIRA
15 790 (17.43%) C#
16 785 (17.32%) Linux
17 775 (17.10%) CSS
18 752 (16.59%) Cucumber
19 732 (16.15%) DevOps
20 729 (16.08%) Python
21 701 (15.46%) Finance
22 657 (14.49%) Web Services
23 566 (12.49%) REST
24 539 (11.89%) WebDriver
25 530 (11.69%) .NET
26 528 (11.65%) Test Scripting
27 527 (11.63%) Open Source
28 526 (11.60%) Software Engineering
29 476 (10.50%) Ruby
30 469 (10.35%) AngularJS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 328 (7.24%) Confluence
2 110 (2.43%) Apache
3 108 (2.38%) Tomcat
4 103 (2.27%) JBoss
5 84 (1.85%) CMS
6 77 (1.70%) SharePoint
7 68 (1.50%) Apache Spark
7 68 (1.50%) Elasticsearch
8 64 (1.41%) nginx
9 53 (1.17%) WebLogic
10 50 (1.10%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 46 (1.01%) WebSphere
12 28 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
13 25 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 24 (0.53%) IIS
15 18 (0.40%) NServiceBus
16 16 (0.35%) OpenStack
17 15 (0.33%) Apache Solr
18 12 (0.26%) Drupal
18 12 (0.26%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 49 (1.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.38%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.044%) Mingle
7 2 (0.044%) Simulink
8 1 (0.022%) GIMP
8 1 (0.022%) HipChat
8 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 46 (1.01%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 31 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.53%) Magento
4 22 (0.49%) Oracle Applications
5 6 (0.13%) Endur
5 6 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.088%) RMDS
6 4 (0.088%) SunGard Martini
7 3 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.066%) Eloqua
7 3 (0.066%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.066%) Loan IQ
7 3 (0.066%) Maximo
8 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.044%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.044%) SAP CO
8 2 (0.044%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.044%) SAP MM
8 2 (0.044%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 368 (8.12%) Amazon AWS
2 204 (4.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 135 (2.98%) GitHub
4 47 (1.04%) PaaS
4 47 (1.04%) SaaS
5 45 (0.99%) OpenShift
6 39 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
7 37 (0.82%) IaaS
8 36 (0.79%) Cloud Computing
9 31 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 29 (0.64%) AWS Lambda
11 27 (0.60%) AWS CloudFormation
12 26 (0.57%) Slack
13 24 (0.53%) Google Analytics
14 23 (0.51%) BrowserStack
15 21 (0.46%) Sauce Labs
16 17 (0.38%) Amazon S3
17 14 (0.31%) Salesforce Service Cloud
18 13 (0.29%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
18 13 (0.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 375 (8.27%) HTTP
2 144 (3.18%) Internet
3 128 (2.82%) TCP/IP
4 105 (2.32%) SSL
5 58 (1.28%) LDAP
6 29 (0.64%) Network Security
6 29 (0.64%) PuTTY
7 28 (0.62%) WinSCP
8 27 (0.60%) DNS
8 27 (0.60%) Wireless
9 26 (0.57%) Firewall
10 18 (0.40%) Kerberos
10 18 (0.40%) Wireshark
11 15 (0.33%) LTE
12 14 (0.31%) Extranet
12 14 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
13 12 (0.26%) 4G
14 11 (0.24%) Bluetooth
15 10 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.20%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 379 (8.36%) Relational Database
2 331 (7.30%) SQL Server
3 245 (5.40%) MongoDB
4 184 (4.06%) NoSQL
5 168 (3.71%) PostgreSQL
6 139 (3.07%) MySQL
7 122 (2.69%) Hadoop
8 110 (2.43%) Big Data
9 94 (2.07%) Oracle Database
10 88 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
11 74 (1.63%) Redis
12 68 (1.50%) RDBMS
13 56 (1.24%) SQL Server 2012
14 50 (1.10%) DB2
15 44 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
16 43 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
17 40 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
18 33 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
19 31 (0.68%) Oracle Database 10g
20 30 (0.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1309 (28.88%) Selenium
2 1042 (22.99%) Jenkins
3 1016 (22.41%) Git (software)
4 807 (17.80%) JIRA
5 752 (16.59%) Cucumber
6 539 (11.89%) WebDriver
7 371 (8.18%) JUnit
8 328 (7.24%) Subversion
9 267 (5.89%) Team Foundation Server
10 241 (5.32%) Maven
10 241 (5.32%) SoapUI
11 219 (4.83%) SpecFlow
12 188 (4.15%) HP UFT
13 186 (4.10%) TeamCity
14 144 (3.18%) JMeter
15 141 (3.11%) gulp
16 140 (3.09%) Gradle
17 138 (3.04%) Visual Studio
18 129 (2.85%) Grunt
19 115 (2.54%) Jasmine
General
1 701 (15.46%) Finance
2 462 (10.19%) Banking
3 176 (3.88%) Retail
4 120 (2.65%) Games
5 115 (2.54%) Investment Banking
6 113 (2.49%) Telecoms
7 107 (2.36%) Marketing
8 102 (2.25%) Front Office
9 61 (1.35%) Electronics
10 60 (1.32%) Manufacturing
11 48 (1.06%) Back Office
12 43 (0.95%) Legal
13 37 (0.82%) Publishing
14 26 (0.57%) Retail Banking
15 21 (0.46%) Financial Institution
16 20 (0.44%) Corporate Banking
16 20 (0.44%) Law
17 19 (0.42%) Advertising
18 10 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
19 9 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1814 (40.02%) Developer
2 709 (15.64%) Tester
3 611 (13.48%) Analyst
4 528 (11.65%) Java Developer
5 509 (11.23%) Test Analyst
6 469 (10.35%) Automation Tester
7 289 (6.38%) Test Engineer
8 232 (5.12%) DevOps Engineer
9 230 (5.07%) Automation Test Analyst
10 222 (4.90%) Senior Developer
11 183 (4.04%) C# Developer
12 176 (3.88%) QA Engineer
13 174 (3.84%) Scala Developer
14 172 (3.79%) .NET Developer
15 171 (3.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 159 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
17 151 (3.33%) Test Manager
18 141 (3.11%) Test Automation Engineer
19 133 (2.93%) Developer in Test
20 131 (2.89%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 821 (18.11%) HTML
2 775 (17.10%) CSS
3 657 (14.49%) Web Services
4 566 (12.49%) REST
5 530 (11.69%) .NET
6 469 (10.35%) AngularJS
7 458 (10.10%) RESTful
8 446 (9.84%) HTML5
9 438 (9.66%) JSON
10 395 (8.71%) Spring
11 374 (8.25%) Node.js
12 366 (8.07%) XML
13 338 (7.46%) SOAP
14 326 (7.19%) CSS3
15 266 (5.87%) React
16 239 (5.27%) Gherkin
17 234 (5.16%) jQuery
18 182 (4.02%) ASP.NET
19 181 (3.99%) Ajax
20 168 (3.71%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 275 (6.07%) Analytical Skills
2 207 (4.57%) User Experience
3 205 (4.52%) Mobile App
4 166 (3.66%) Computer Science
5 110 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 96 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
7 78 (1.72%) Data Structures
8 71 (1.57%) Algorithms
9 55 (1.21%) Enterprise Software
10 48 (1.06%) Fixed Income
11 45 (0.99%) STB
12 44 (0.97%) Linux Command Line
12 44 (0.97%) Management Information System
13 42 (0.93%) Derivative
14 41 (0.90%) iPhone
15 39 (0.86%) Equities
16 34 (0.75%) Fintech
17 29 (0.64%) iPad
18 26 (0.57%) Virtual Team
19 25 (0.55%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 785 (17.32%) Linux
2 398 (8.78%) Unix
3 289 (6.38%) Windows
4 227 (5.01%) Apple iOS
5 174 (3.84%) Android
6 143 (3.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 101 (2.23%) Mac OS X
8 46 (1.01%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.77%) CentOS
9 35 (0.77%) Mac OS
10 33 (0.73%) Ubuntu
11 31 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
12 17 (0.38%) Solaris
13 9 (0.20%) VMS
14 8 (0.18%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.11%) AIX
17 4 (0.088%) Windows Server 2003
18 3 (0.066%) Debian
18 3 (0.066%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2998 (66.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1361 (30.02%) TDD
3 1344 (29.65%) Continuous Integration
4 1166 (25.72%) Scrum
5 941 (20.76%) BDD
6 732 (16.15%) DevOps
7 528 (11.65%) Test Scripting
8 527 (11.63%) Open Source
9 526 (11.60%) Software Engineering
10 440 (9.71%) Kanban
11 404 (8.91%) Test Strategy
12 400 (8.82%) Unit Testing
13 386 (8.52%) Configuration Management
14 377 (8.32%) OO
15 359 (7.92%) Regression Testing
16 358 (7.90%) Continuous Delivery
17 352 (7.77%) Web Development
18 343 (7.57%) MVC
19 341 (7.52%) Mentoring
20 329 (7.26%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 1822 (40.19%) Java
2 1089 (24.02%) JavaScript
3 898 (19.81%) SQL
4 790 (17.43%) C#
5 729 (16.08%) Python
6 476 (10.50%) Ruby
7 368 (8.12%) Scala
8 194 (4.28%) Groovy
9 159 (3.51%) Perl
10 150 (3.31%) C++
11 130 (2.87%) Bash Shell
12 117 (2.58%) PHP
13 106 (2.34%) Shell Script
14 101 (2.23%) Apple Swift
14 101 (2.23%) C
15 96 (2.12%) ES6
16 95 (2.10%) PowerShell
17 80 (1.76%) PL/SQL
18 59 (1.30%) Objective-C
19 49 (1.08%) VB
Qualifications
1 322 (7.10%) Security Cleared
2 300 (6.62%) ISTQB
3 268 (5.91%) ISEB
4 233 (5.14%) Degree
5 207 (4.57%) SC Cleared
6 120 (2.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 84 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
8 67 (1.48%) BPSS Clearance
9 33 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 22 (0.49%) ISEB Practitioner
11 17 (0.38%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.29%) CESG Certified Professional
13 12 (0.26%) Master's Degree
14 11 (0.24%) RHCE
15 9 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
15 9 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
16 8 (0.18%) MBA
17 7 (0.15%) RHCSA
18 5 (0.11%) OCP
18 5 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 903 (19.92%) QA
2 55 (1.21%) MiFID
3 37 (0.82%) Disclosure Scotland
4 29 (0.64%) WCAG
5 24 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.49%) Dodd-Frank
7 18 (0.40%) EMIR
8 14 (0.31%) HL7
9 12 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 11 (0.24%) PCI DSS
11 10 (0.22%) WAI
12 7 (0.15%) SLA
13 6 (0.13%) GMP
14 5 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 5 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 3 (0.066%) GxP
16 2 (0.044%) GDPR
16 2 (0.044%) ISO 9000
16 2 (0.044%) ISO 9001
16 2 (0.044%) PMO
System Software
1 373 (8.23%) Docker
2 44 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
3 34 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.64%) vSphere
5 25 (0.55%) Active Directory
5 25 (0.55%) VirtualBox
6 21 (0.46%) Apache Flume
7 16 (0.35%) HDFS
8 14 (0.31%) Firmware
9 12 (0.26%) Shibboleth
10 7 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (0.15%) Xen
11 6 (0.13%) Terminal Services
11 6 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
12 5 (0.11%) LXC
13 3 (0.066%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.066%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.066%) XenServer
14 2 (0.044%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 256 (5.65%) Puppet
2 188 (4.15%) Ansible
3 175 (3.86%) Opscode Chef
4 128 (2.82%) HP Quality Center
5 103 (2.27%) Kubernetes
6 53 (1.17%) Terraform
7 48 (1.06%) Kibana
8 40 (0.88%) Grafana
9 24 (0.53%) Rancher
10 21 (0.46%) HockeyApp
11 20 (0.44%) vRealize
12 15 (0.33%) Salt
13 14 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 13 (0.29%) OpenAM
15 12 (0.26%) logstash
15 12 (0.26%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
17 10 (0.22%) Consul
17 10 (0.22%) Mesos
18 9 (0.20%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 378 (8.34%) Oracle
2 312 (6.88%) Microsoft
3 205 (4.52%) HP
4 197 (4.35%) Google
5 110 (2.43%) Red Hat
6 79 (1.74%) SAP
7 70 (1.54%) VMware
8 68 (1.50%) Atlassian
9 66 (1.46%) IBM
10 59 (1.30%) Splunk
11 55 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
12 48 (1.06%) Apple
13 46 (1.01%) New Relic
14 43 (0.95%) Xamarin
15 39 (0.86%) Sybase
16 38 (0.84%) WSO2
17 32 (0.71%) Adobe
17 32 (0.71%) Sitecore
18 31 (0.68%) Perforce
19 29 (0.64%) hybris
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £440 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 21 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £235 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 20 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Spring Technology
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £410 per day + SC Clearance granted
Posted: 19 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
AMS contingency
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
IntaPeople
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Woking, Surrey
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £275 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: Yesterday
London
Salt
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Gloucestershire
CPS Group UK
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Streamline Connections
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Winchester, Hampshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £440 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Posted: Yesterday
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £375 to £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
ANSON MCCADE
Rate: £500 - £650
Posted: 3 days ago