Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK > England
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 37 41 40
Rank change year-on-year +4 -1 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5125 4600 4468
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.40% 4.70% 4.34%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.38% 5.58% 5.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 3613 3068 3100
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £308 £300 £280
90th Percentile £603 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £445 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 50 74
England median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £27.50 £31.70 £27.50
90th Percentile £50.77 £59.31 £51.25
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +13.64%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80305 82432 84439
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.63% 84.16% 81.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 54036 54950 55644
England median daily rate £450 £425 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +0.47% +5.75%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +2.91% +3.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1882 2137 2504
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.43 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.76% +8.58% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.43 £11.50 £11.26
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +8 2707 £500 +11.11% 377
South East +2 881 £413 +5.77% 145
North of England +5 631 £400 - 178
Midlands +2 390 £388 +3.33% 76
North West +5 293 £400 - 92
South West +11 287 £375 - 49
Yorkshire +13 279 £413 +3.13% 71
East of England -3 231 £425 +1.49% 79
West Midlands +1 222 £400 +8.84% 37
East Midlands +10 165 £375 -6.25% 36
North East +13 67 £413 +21.32% 15
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3267 (63.75%) Agile Software Development
2 2191 (42.75%) Java
3 1524 (29.74%) TDD
4 1414 (27.59%) Continuous Integration
5 1352 (26.38%) Selenium
6 1330 (25.95%) Scrum
7 1277 (24.92%) JavaScript
8 1264 (24.66%) Git (software)
9 1215 (23.71%) BDD
10 1143 (22.30%) Jenkins
11 1055 (20.59%) QA
12 982 (19.16%) JIRA
13 947 (18.48%) SQL
14 933 (18.20%) Finance
15 908 (17.72%) Cucumber
16 854 (16.66%) HTML
17 845 (16.49%) C#
18 813 (15.86%) DevOps
19 778 (15.18%) Linux
20 740 (14.44%) CSS
21 717 (13.99%) Banking
22 708 (13.81%) Python
23 701 (13.68%) Web Services
24 696 (13.58%) REST
25 582 (11.36%) .NET
26 580 (11.32%) Amazon AWS
27 542 (10.58%) AngularJS
28 526 (10.26%) Kanban
29 524 (10.22%) OO
30 517 (10.09%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 456 (8.90%) Confluence
2 134 (2.61%) Apache
3 114 (2.22%) JBoss
4 108 (2.11%) Tomcat
5 93 (1.81%) CMS
6 87 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
7 78 (1.52%) Apache Spark
8 64 (1.25%) WebSphere
9 59 (1.15%) nginx
10 56 (1.09%) WildFly
11 54 (1.05%) SharePoint
12 50 (0.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 49 (0.96%) WebLogic
14 30 (0.59%) Drupal
15 29 (0.57%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 28 (0.55%) OpenStack
17 24 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
18 22 (0.43%) IIS
19 19 (0.37%) Mule
20 16 (0.31%) Jetty
Applications
1 68 (1.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.25%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.12%) Mingle
9 6 (0.12%) Pipeline Pilot
9 6 (0.12%) Simulink
10 2 (0.039%) GIMP
11 1 (0.020%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.020%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.020%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.020%) HipChat
11 1 (0.020%) InVision
Business Applications
1 32 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.57%) Magento
3 19 (0.37%) ION MarketView
4 12 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.21%) Markit EDM
6 10 (0.20%) Bloomberg TOMS
7 8 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.12%) RMDS
10 5 (0.098%) Endur
10 5 (0.098%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.078%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.059%) IntelliMatch
12 3 (0.059%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.059%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.059%) SunGard Martini
12 3 (0.059%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.039%) Remedy ITSM
13 2 (0.039%) SAP ERP
13 2 (0.039%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 580 (11.32%) Amazon AWS
2 312 (6.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 168 (3.28%) GitHub
4 98 (1.91%) npm
5 76 (1.48%) Amazon EC2
5 76 (1.48%) PaaS
6 70 (1.37%) Slack
7 69 (1.35%) SaaS
8 61 (1.19%) IaaS
9 56 (1.09%) Serverless
10 43 (0.84%) Amazon S3
10 43 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
11 41 (0.80%) Cloud Computing
12 40 (0.78%) OpenShift
13 37 (0.72%) AWS Lambda
14 36 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
15 35 (0.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 31 (0.60%) Sauce Labs
17 26 (0.51%) BrowserStack
18 21 (0.41%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 285 (5.56%) HTTP
2 124 (2.42%) TCP/IP
3 101 (1.97%) Internet
4 70 (1.37%) SSL
5 52 (1.01%) Wireless
6 47 (0.92%) DNS
7 38 (0.74%) SMS
8 28 (0.55%) Firewall
9 27 (0.53%) Bluetooth
10 21 (0.41%) Network Security
11 20 (0.39%) LTE
12 18 (0.35%) PuTTY
12 18 (0.35%) WinSCP
13 15 (0.29%) 4G
14 14 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
15 13 (0.25%) VPN
16 11 (0.21%) IPsec
16 11 (0.21%) LDAP
16 11 (0.21%) NAS
16 11 (0.21%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 421 (8.21%) Relational Database
2 344 (6.71%) MongoDB
3 338 (6.60%) SQL Server
4 309 (6.03%) NoSQL
5 209 (4.08%) MySQL
6 187 (3.65%) RDBMS
7 185 (3.61%) PostgreSQL
8 180 (3.51%) Big Data
9 131 (2.56%) Hadoop
10 120 (2.34%) Redis
11 79 (1.54%) Apache Cassandra
12 68 (1.33%) Oracle Database
13 63 (1.23%) Data Warehouse
14 44 (0.86%) DB2
15 40 (0.78%) SQL Server 2012
16 39 (0.76%) Apache Hive
17 38 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 35 (0.68%) SQL Server 2016
19 34 (0.66%) SQL Server 2008
20 32 (0.62%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1352 (26.38%) Selenium
2 1264 (24.66%) Git (software)
3 1143 (22.30%) Jenkins
4 982 (19.16%) JIRA
5 908 (17.72%) Cucumber
6 507 (9.89%) WebDriver
7 458 (8.94%) JUnit
8 381 (7.43%) Maven
9 370 (7.22%) Subversion
10 270 (5.27%) SoapUI
11 236 (4.60%) SpecFlow
12 229 (4.47%) TeamCity
13 227 (4.43%) JMeter
14 181 (3.53%) Team Foundation Server
15 171 (3.34%) Jasmine
16 159 (3.10%) Appium
17 158 (3.08%) Protractor
18 157 (3.06%) Visual Studio
19 151 (2.95%) gulp
20 146 (2.85%) HP UFT
General
1 933 (18.20%) Finance
2 717 (13.99%) Banking
3 236 (4.60%) Investment Banking
4 218 (4.25%) Retail
5 159 (3.10%) Telecoms
6 142 (2.77%) Games
7 135 (2.63%) Front Office
8 111 (2.17%) Marketing
9 61 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 54 (1.05%) Financial Institution
11 47 (0.92%) Retail Banking
12 45 (0.88%) Back Office
12 45 (0.88%) Electronics
13 29 (0.57%) Legal
13 29 (0.57%) Publishing
14 28 (0.55%) Law
15 24 (0.47%) Advertising
16 23 (0.45%) Billing
17 20 (0.39%) Corporate Banking
18 16 (0.31%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2005 (39.12%) Developer
2 746 (14.56%) Tester
3 705 (13.76%) Analyst
4 686 (13.39%) Java Developer
5 561 (10.95%) Test Analyst
6 490 (9.56%) Automation Tester
7 345 (6.73%) Test Engineer
8 269 (5.25%) Automation Test Analyst
9 254 (4.96%) Senior Developer
10 244 (4.76%) DevOps Engineer
11 210 (4.10%) Developer in Test
12 209 (4.08%) C# Developer
13 203 (3.96%) JavaScript Developer
14 202 (3.94%) .NET Developer
15 189 (3.69%) Test Automation Engineer
16 164 (3.20%) QA Engineer
17 143 (2.79%) QA Tester
18 142 (2.77%) Agile Developer
18 142 (2.77%) Architect
19 138 (2.69%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 854 (16.66%) HTML
2 740 (14.44%) CSS
3 701 (13.68%) Web Services
4 696 (13.58%) REST
5 582 (11.36%) .NET
6 542 (10.58%) AngularJS
7 498 (9.72%) HTML5
8 497 (9.70%) RESTful
9 434 (8.47%) Spring
10 425 (8.29%) JSON
11 416 (8.12%) Node.js
12 339 (6.61%) React
12 339 (6.61%) SOAP
13 288 (5.62%) XML
14 278 (5.42%) Gherkin
15 271 (5.29%) CSS3
16 212 (4.14%) jQuery
17 208 (4.06%) Hibernate
18 170 (3.32%) Sass
19 161 (3.14%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 296 (5.78%) Analytical Skills
2 260 (5.07%) Mobile App
3 230 (4.49%) Computer Science
4 180 (3.51%) User Experience
5 160 (3.12%) Greenfield Project
6 128 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 101 (1.97%) Data Structures
8 92 (1.80%) Virtual Team
9 91 (1.78%) Fintech
10 81 (1.58%) Linux Command Line
11 75 (1.46%) Equities
12 62 (1.21%) Algorithms
12 62 (1.21%) Derivative
13 61 (1.19%) Fixed Income
14 52 (1.01%) Public Cloud
15 49 (0.96%) Enterprise Software
16 48 (0.94%) N-Tier
17 39 (0.76%) Management Information System
18 37 (0.72%) STB
19 30 (0.59%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 778 (15.18%) Linux
2 430 (8.39%) Unix
3 357 (6.97%) Windows
4 226 (4.41%) Android
5 213 (4.16%) Apple iOS
6 159 (3.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 104 (2.03%) Mac OS X
8 62 (1.21%) VMS
9 43 (0.84%) Windows Server
10 37 (0.72%) CentOS
11 29 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.51%) Ubuntu
13 22 (0.43%) Solaris
14 19 (0.37%) Windows 10
15 14 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.20%) HPUX
17 9 (0.18%) AIX
18 8 (0.16%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
20 6 (0.12%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3267 (63.75%) Agile Software Development
2 1524 (29.74%) TDD
3 1414 (27.59%) Continuous Integration
4 1330 (25.95%) Scrum
5 1215 (23.71%) BDD
6 813 (15.86%) DevOps
7 526 (10.26%) Kanban
8 524 (10.22%) OO
9 517 (10.09%) Test Scripting
10 512 (9.99%) Software Engineering
11 490 (9.56%) Open Source
12 473 (9.23%) Continuous Delivery
13 460 (8.98%) SDLC
14 450 (8.78%) Unit Testing
15 410 (8.00%) Test Strategy
16 385 (7.51%) Microservices
17 376 (7.34%) Configuration Management
18 374 (7.30%) Mentoring
19 346 (6.75%) Regression Testing
20 344 (6.71%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2191 (42.75%) Java
2 1277 (24.92%) JavaScript
3 947 (18.48%) SQL
4 845 (16.49%) C#
5 708 (13.81%) Python
6 406 (7.92%) Ruby
7 261 (5.09%) Scala
8 193 (3.77%) Groovy
9 165 (3.22%) C++
10 151 (2.95%) ES6
11 134 (2.61%) Bash Shell
12 129 (2.52%) PHP
13 127 (2.48%) Perl
14 115 (2.24%) Apple Swift
15 108 (2.11%) C
15 108 (2.11%) PowerShell
16 100 (1.95%) Shell Script
17 98 (1.91%) TypeScript
18 73 (1.42%) T-SQL
19 71 (1.39%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 374 (7.30%) Security Cleared
2 335 (6.54%) Degree
3 260 (5.07%) SC Cleared
4 233 (4.55%) ISTQB
5 220 (4.29%) ISEB
6 101 (1.97%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 94 (1.83%) Computer Science Degree
8 70 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
9 41 (0.80%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.51%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.39%) PMP
12 17 (0.33%) Master's Degree
12 17 (0.33%) PMI Certification
13 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.18%) MCSE
15 8 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.16%) CISSP
15 8 (0.16%) ISEB Practitioner
16 6 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
16 6 (0.12%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1055 (20.59%) QA
2 56 (1.09%) MiFID
3 45 (0.88%) WCAG
4 26 (0.51%) Disclosure Scotland
5 24 (0.47%) Data Quality
6 15 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.23%) EMIR
7 12 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.20%) Dodd-Frank
9 9 (0.18%) WAI
10 8 (0.16%) SLA
11 6 (0.12%) GCP
12 5 (0.098%) ISO 26262
12 5 (0.098%) PMO
13 4 (0.078%) GDPR
14 3 (0.059%) AIFMD
14 3 (0.059%) DO-178B
14 3 (0.059%) IFRS
14 3 (0.059%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.059%) SEPA
System Software
1 442 (8.62%) Docker
2 26 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (0.49%) Active Directory
4 15 (0.29%) HDFS
4 15 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
4 15 (0.29%) vSphere
5 14 (0.27%) Firmware
6 12 (0.23%) VirtualBox
7 11 (0.21%) Apache Flume
7 11 (0.21%) iptables
8 10 (0.20%) Hyper-V
8 10 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
9 8 (0.16%) oVirt
9 8 (0.16%) RHEV
9 8 (0.16%) Xen
10 3 (0.059%) LXC
11 2 (0.039%) OpenAM
11 2 (0.039%) Virtual Desktop
11 2 (0.039%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.020%) KVM
Systems Management
1 296 (5.78%) Puppet
2 236 (4.60%) Ansible
3 199 (3.88%) Opscode Chef
4 167 (3.26%) HP Quality Center
5 136 (2.65%) Kubernetes
6 112 (2.19%) Terraform
7 64 (1.25%) Kibana
8 43 (0.84%) Grafana
9 37 (0.72%) logstash
10 32 (0.62%) Salt
11 23 (0.45%) Prometheus
11 23 (0.45%) Rancher
12 19 (0.37%) ITRS Geneos
13 16 (0.31%) StatsD
14 15 (0.29%) Nagios
14 15 (0.29%) ZABBIX
15 14 (0.27%) Packer
16 11 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
16 11 (0.21%) Consul
16 11 (0.21%) SELinux
Vendors
1 343 (6.69%) Microsoft
2 330 (6.44%) Oracle
3 211 (4.12%) HP
4 131 (2.56%) Google
5 111 (2.17%) Red Hat
6 110 (2.15%) Salesforce.com
7 107 (2.09%) Atlassian
8 77 (1.50%) SAP
9 70 (1.37%) New Relic
10 69 (1.35%) Splunk
11 68 (1.33%) Perforce
12 65 (1.27%) IBM
13 58 (1.13%) Sybase
14 57 (1.11%) VMware
15 55 (1.07%) hybris
16 38 (0.74%) Xamarin
17 35 (0.68%) Adobe
18 32 (0.62%) AppDynamics
19 30 (0.59%) WSO2
20 29 (0.57%) Twitter