The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 23 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK / England
3 months to
23 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 38 41 49
Rank change year-on-year +3 +8  
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2243 2193 1936
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 5.22% 4.44% 3.79%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.16% 5.32% 4.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1519 1456 1321
Median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 21 27
Median hourly rate £39.50 £42.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.95% +12.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £34.00 £28.50 £25.70
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £51.17 £59.31 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £38.50 £34.90
% change year-on-year -0.64% +10.31%  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36435 41257 41286
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 84.75% 83.48% 80.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 23948 27689 26938
Median daily rate £450 £445 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.12% +7.22%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £383
% change year-on-year +3.75% +4.57%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 949 962 1153
Median hourly rate £32.50 £27.25 £27.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.26% +0.92%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.83 £12.55 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £48.70 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.50 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +17.54% -5.00%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Test Automation as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 3 months to 23 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in England over the 3 months to 23 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in England

Test Automation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the England region over the 3 months to 23 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +3 1071 £475 +5.55% 315
South East -4 359 £393 -1.87% 125
Yorkshire +26 175 £425 +6.25% 53
South West +18 171 £375 - 52
East of England +40 131 £447 +11.81% 53
North West +7 124 £388 -3.12% 98
East Midlands +20 82 £388 +19.23% 30
West Midlands +4 82 £369 +5.35% 40
North East +30 43 £335 +2.29% 17
Midlands +10 1 £370 -1.33% 70
Test Automation
UK

For the 6 months to 23 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3003 (66.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1823 (40.17%) Java
3 1364 (30.06%) TDD
4 1345 (29.64%) Continuous Integration
5 1304 (28.74%) Selenium
6 1171 (25.80%) Scrum
7 1090 (24.02%) JavaScript
8 1044 (23.01%) Jenkins
9 1018 (22.43%) Git (software)
10 946 (20.85%) BDD
11 900 (19.83%) QA
12 897 (19.77%) SQL
13 825 (18.18%) HTML
14 813 (17.92%) JIRA
15 793 (17.47%) C#
16 783 (17.25%) Linux
17 778 (17.14%) CSS
18 752 (16.57%) Cucumber
19 728 (16.04%) Python
20 726 (16.00%) DevOps
21 703 (15.49%) Finance
22 657 (14.48%) Web Services
23 574 (12.65%) REST
24 538 (11.86%) WebDriver
25 533 (11.75%) .NET
26 527 (11.61%) Open Source
27 524 (11.55%) Software Engineering
27 524 (11.55%) Test Scripting
28 478 (10.53%) Ruby
29 466 (10.27%) AngularJS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (7.34%) Confluence
2 109 (2.40%) Apache
3 106 (2.34%) Tomcat
4 103 (2.27%) JBoss
5 84 (1.85%) CMS
6 76 (1.67%) SharePoint
7 69 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
8 66 (1.45%) Apache Spark
9 62 (1.37%) nginx
10 53 (1.17%) WebLogic
11 51 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 46 (1.01%) WebSphere
13 28 (0.62%) Sitecore CMS
14 25 (0.55%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 24 (0.53%) IIS
16 18 (0.40%) NServiceBus
17 16 (0.35%) OpenStack
18 15 (0.33%) Apache Solr
19 12 (0.26%) Drupal
19 12 (0.26%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 48 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 34 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.46%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.37%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.044%) Mingle
7 2 (0.044%) Simulink
8 1 (0.022%) GIMP
8 1 (0.022%) HipChat
8 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 46 (1.01%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 31 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.53%) Magento
4 21 (0.46%) Oracle Applications
5 6 (0.13%) Endur
5 6 (0.13%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.088%) RMDS
6 4 (0.088%) SunGard Martini
7 3 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.066%) Eloqua
7 3 (0.066%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.066%) Loan IQ
7 3 (0.066%) Maximo
8 2 (0.044%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.044%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.044%) SAP CO
8 2 (0.044%) SAP FI
8 2 (0.044%) SAP MM
8 2 (0.044%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 368 (8.11%) Amazon AWS
2 202 (4.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 132 (2.91%) GitHub
4 48 (1.06%) SaaS
5 47 (1.04%) PaaS
6 45 (0.99%) OpenShift
7 39 (0.86%) Amazon EC2
8 37 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
8 37 (0.82%) IaaS
9 31 (0.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 28 (0.62%) AWS Lambda
11 27 (0.59%) AWS CloudFormation
12 26 (0.57%) Slack
13 22 (0.48%) BrowserStack
13 22 (0.48%) Google Analytics
13 22 (0.48%) Sauce Labs
14 16 (0.35%) Amazon S3
15 14 (0.31%) Salesforce Service Cloud
16 13 (0.29%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
16 13 (0.29%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 379 (8.35%) HTTP
2 145 (3.20%) Internet
3 127 (2.80%) TCP/IP
4 104 (2.29%) SSL
5 56 (1.23%) LDAP
6 29 (0.64%) Network Security
6 29 (0.64%) PuTTY
7 28 (0.62%) WinSCP
8 27 (0.59%) DNS
8 27 (0.59%) Wireless
9 26 (0.57%) Firewall
10 18 (0.40%) Kerberos
10 18 (0.40%) Wireshark
11 15 (0.33%) LTE
12 14 (0.31%) Extranet
12 14 (0.31%) Intrusion Detection
13 12 (0.26%) 4G
14 11 (0.24%) Bluetooth
15 10 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
16 9 (0.20%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 381 (8.40%) Relational Database
2 329 (7.25%) SQL Server
3 244 (5.38%) MongoDB
4 181 (3.99%) NoSQL
5 168 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
6 139 (3.06%) MySQL
7 120 (2.64%) Hadoop
8 107 (2.36%) Big Data
9 95 (2.09%) Oracle Database
10 87 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
11 75 (1.65%) Redis
12 69 (1.52%) RDBMS
13 56 (1.23%) SQL Server 2012
14 50 (1.10%) DB2
15 44 (0.97%) Apache Cassandra
16 43 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
17 40 (0.88%) SQL Server 2008
18 33 (0.73%) Oracle Reports
19 31 (0.68%) Oracle Database 10g
20 30 (0.66%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1304 (28.74%) Selenium
2 1044 (23.01%) Jenkins
3 1018 (22.43%) Git (software)
4 813 (17.92%) JIRA
5 752 (16.57%) Cucumber
6 538 (11.86%) WebDriver
7 369 (8.13%) JUnit
8 331 (7.29%) Subversion
9 265 (5.84%) Team Foundation Server
10 241 (5.31%) Maven
11 240 (5.29%) SoapUI
12 220 (4.85%) SpecFlow
13 185 (4.08%) HP UFT
13 185 (4.08%) TeamCity
14 143 (3.15%) JMeter
15 141 (3.11%) Gradle
16 140 (3.09%) Visual Studio
17 139 (3.06%) gulp
18 127 (2.80%) Grunt
19 116 (2.56%) Jasmine
General
1 703 (15.49%) Finance
2 466 (10.27%) Banking
3 175 (3.86%) Retail
4 120 (2.64%) Games
5 118 (2.60%) Investment Banking
6 113 (2.49%) Telecoms
7 107 (2.36%) Marketing
8 104 (2.29%) Front Office
9 61 (1.34%) Electronics
9 61 (1.34%) Manufacturing
10 48 (1.06%) Back Office
11 43 (0.95%) Legal
12 37 (0.82%) Publishing
13 24 (0.53%) Retail Banking
14 21 (0.46%) Corporate Banking
14 21 (0.46%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.44%) Advertising
15 20 (0.44%) Law
16 10 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
17 9 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1818 (40.06%) Developer
2 711 (15.67%) Tester
3 616 (13.57%) Analyst
4 530 (11.68%) Java Developer
5 512 (11.28%) Test Analyst
6 472 (10.40%) Automation Tester
7 291 (6.41%) Test Engineer
8 232 (5.11%) Automation Test Analyst
9 231 (5.09%) DevOps Engineer
10 223 (4.91%) Senior Developer
11 184 (4.05%) C# Developer
12 174 (3.83%) .NET Developer
12 174 (3.83%) QA Engineer
12 174 (3.83%) Scala Developer
13 171 (3.77%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 160 (3.53%) JavaScript Developer
15 150 (3.31%) Test Manager
16 143 (3.15%) Test Automation Engineer
17 132 (2.91%) Developer in Test
18 129 (2.84%) Selenium Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 825 (18.18%) HTML
2 778 (17.14%) CSS
3 657 (14.48%) Web Services
4 574 (12.65%) REST
5 533 (11.75%) .NET
6 466 (10.27%) AngularJS
7 460 (10.14%) RESTful
8 449 (9.89%) HTML5
9 444 (9.78%) JSON
10 395 (8.70%) Spring
11 371 (8.18%) Node.js
12 367 (8.09%) XML
13 342 (7.54%) SOAP
14 327 (7.21%) CSS3
15 267 (5.88%) React
16 237 (5.22%) Gherkin
17 234 (5.16%) jQuery
18 184 (4.05%) Ajax
19 182 (4.01%) ASP.NET
20 168 (3.70%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 277 (6.10%) Analytical Skills
2 208 (4.58%) Mobile App
2 208 (4.58%) User Experience
3 166 (3.66%) Computer Science
4 111 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 96 (2.12%) Greenfield Project
6 77 (1.70%) Data Structures
7 70 (1.54%) Algorithms
8 56 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
9 48 (1.06%) Fixed Income
10 45 (0.99%) STB
11 44 (0.97%) Management Information System
12 43 (0.95%) Derivative
12 43 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
13 42 (0.93%) Equities
14 41 (0.90%) iPhone
15 34 (0.75%) Fintech
16 29 (0.64%) iPad
17 26 (0.57%) Virtual Team
18 25 (0.55%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 783 (17.25%) Linux
2 398 (8.77%) Unix
3 291 (6.41%) Windows
4 229 (5.05%) Apple iOS
5 178 (3.92%) Android
6 144 (3.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 102 (2.25%) Mac OS X
8 45 (0.99%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.77%) Mac OS
10 34 (0.75%) CentOS
11 31 (0.68%) Ubuntu
11 31 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
12 18 (0.40%) Solaris
13 9 (0.20%) VMS
14 8 (0.18%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.13%) AIX
17 4 (0.088%) HPUX
17 4 (0.088%) Windows Server 2003
18 3 (0.066%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3003 (66.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1364 (30.06%) TDD
3 1345 (29.64%) Continuous Integration
4 1171 (25.80%) Scrum
5 946 (20.85%) BDD
6 726 (16.00%) DevOps
7 527 (11.61%) Open Source
8 524 (11.55%) Software Engineering
8 524 (11.55%) Test Scripting
9 442 (9.74%) Kanban
10 404 (8.90%) Test Strategy
11 403 (8.88%) Unit Testing
12 388 (8.55%) Configuration Management
13 383 (8.44%) OO
14 358 (7.89%) Continuous Delivery
15 357 (7.87%) Regression Testing
16 353 (7.78%) Web Development
17 346 (7.62%) MVC
18 341 (7.51%) Mentoring
19 332 (7.32%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 1823 (40.17%) Java
2 1090 (24.02%) JavaScript
3 897 (19.77%) SQL
4 793 (17.47%) C#
5 728 (16.04%) Python
6 478 (10.53%) Ruby
7 367 (8.09%) Scala
8 194 (4.28%) Groovy
9 155 (3.42%) Perl
10 152 (3.35%) C++
11 130 (2.86%) Bash Shell
12 117 (2.58%) PHP
13 107 (2.36%) Shell Script
14 103 (2.27%) Apple Swift
15 100 (2.20%) C
16 97 (2.14%) ES6
17 95 (2.09%) PowerShell
18 79 (1.74%) PL/SQL
19 59 (1.30%) Objective-C
20 49 (1.08%) VB
Qualifications
1 320 (7.05%) Security Cleared
2 297 (6.54%) ISTQB
3 265 (5.84%) ISEB
4 231 (5.09%) Degree
5 205 (4.52%) SC Cleared
6 120 (2.64%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 84 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
8 66 (1.45%) BPSS Clearance
9 33 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 21 (0.46%) ISEB Practitioner
11 17 (0.37%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.29%) CESG Certified Professional
13 11 (0.24%) Master's Degree
13 11 (0.24%) RHCE
14 9 (0.20%) CTC Cleared
14 9 (0.20%) Numerate Degree
15 8 (0.18%) MBA
16 7 (0.15%) RHCSA
17 5 (0.11%) OCP
17 5 (0.11%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 900 (19.83%) QA
2 57 (1.26%) MiFID
3 37 (0.82%) Disclosure Scotland
4 29 (0.64%) WCAG
5 24 (0.53%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.48%) Dodd-Frank
7 18 (0.40%) EMIR
8 14 (0.31%) HL7
9 12 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 11 (0.24%) PCI DSS
11 10 (0.22%) WAI
12 7 (0.15%) SLA
13 6 (0.13%) GMP
14 5 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
15 3 (0.066%) GxP
15 3 (0.066%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 2 (0.044%) GDPR
16 2 (0.044%) ISO 9000
16 2 (0.044%) ISO 9001
16 2 (0.044%) PMO
System Software
1 373 (8.22%) Docker
2 43 (0.95%) Virtual Machines
3 35 (0.77%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.64%) vSphere
5 26 (0.57%) VirtualBox
6 24 (0.53%) Active Directory
7 21 (0.46%) Apache Flume
8 16 (0.35%) HDFS
9 14 (0.31%) Firmware
10 12 (0.26%) Shibboleth
11 7 (0.15%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
11 7 (0.15%) Xen
12 6 (0.13%) Terminal Services
12 6 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
13 5 (0.11%) LXC
14 3 (0.066%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.066%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.066%) XenServer
15 2 (0.044%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 257 (5.66%) Puppet
2 189 (4.16%) Ansible
3 176 (3.88%) Opscode Chef
4 128 (2.82%) HP Quality Center
5 102 (2.25%) Kubernetes
6 53 (1.17%) Terraform
7 46 (1.01%) Kibana
8 38 (0.84%) Grafana
9 24 (0.53%) Rancher
10 21 (0.46%) HockeyApp
11 20 (0.44%) vRealize
12 15 (0.33%) Salt
13 14 (0.31%) ZABBIX
14 13 (0.29%) OpenAM
15 12 (0.26%) logstash
15 12 (0.26%) Prometheus
16 11 (0.24%) Hadoop YARN
17 10 (0.22%) Consul
17 10 (0.22%) Mesos
18 9 (0.20%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 375 (8.26%) Oracle
2 311 (6.85%) Microsoft
3 206 (4.54%) HP
4 197 (4.34%) Google
5 111 (2.45%) Red Hat
6 79 (1.74%) SAP
7 71 (1.56%) VMware
8 70 (1.54%) Atlassian
9 66 (1.45%) IBM
10 59 (1.30%) Splunk
11 55 (1.21%) Salesforce.com
12 48 (1.06%) Apple
13 46 (1.01%) New Relic
14 44 (0.97%) Xamarin
15 42 (0.93%) Sybase
16 39 (0.86%) WSO2
17 32 (0.71%) Adobe
17 32 (0.71%) Sitecore
18 31 (0.68%) Perforce
19 29 (0.64%) hybris
London
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Hull, North Humberside
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Greater Manchester
Verticality Ltd
Rate: Day rate £330-£350 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
LA International
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 13 hours ago
Nuneaton, Warwickshire
X4 Group
Rate: £200 - 225 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Surrey
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
Reed Technology
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
FIS Global
Rate: Up to £300 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £440 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £450 to £460 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £235 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Spring Technology
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £410 per day + SC Clearance granted
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
AMS contingency
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
IntaPeople
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Woking, Surrey
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £275 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Salt
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Gloucestershire
CPS Group UK
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Streamline Connections
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago