Period
to 21 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Bristol with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
South West > Bristol
6 months to
21 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 21 28 36
Rank change year-on-year +7 +8 +22
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 173 103 76
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Bristol 8.19% 5.51% 4.93%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 9.58% 6.75% 5.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 125 70 55
Bristol median daily rate £413 £350 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +17.86% -10.26% +8.33%
10th Percentile £273 £263 £295
90th Percentile £538 £492 £545
South West median daily rate £434 £384 £360
% change year-on-year +13.03% +6.60% -4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 2
Bristol median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% -
10th Percentile £26.75 £37.50 £36.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £42.50 £38.75
South West median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +12.50% +6.67% +1.35%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Bristol with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Bristol
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,805 1,526 1,303
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Bristol 85.46% 81.56% 84.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,270 1,003 894
Bristol median daily rate £425 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.68% +3.33% -
10th Percentile £285 £256 £250
90th Percentile £575 £538 £563
South West median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 67 38 57
Bristol median hourly rate £38.50 £17.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +120.00% -30.00% -9.09%
10th Percentile £14.50 £11.60 £12.75
90th Percentile £62.28 £48.25 £48.00
South West median hourly rate £40.00 £31.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +29.03% -11.43% -10.54%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Bristol

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Bristol.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Bristol

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Bristol

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Bristol

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Bristol

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol over the 6 months to 21 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in Bristol

For the 6 months to 21 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Bristol region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 106 (61.27%) Agile Software Development
2 67 (38.73%) Selenium
3 63 (36.42%) Java
4 61 (35.26%) Continuous Integration
5 57 (32.95%) Git (software)
6 54 (31.21%) Scrum
7 42 (24.28%) SQL
7 42 (24.28%) Linux
7 42 (24.28%) Jenkins
7 42 (24.28%) Problem-Solving
8 40 (23.12%) Cucumber
9 38 (21.97%) Microsoft
10 36 (20.81%) JavaScript
11 35 (20.23%) C#
11 35 (20.23%) TDD
12 32 (18.50%) JUnit
12 32 (18.50%) Manual Testing
13 31 (17.92%) Python
13 31 (17.92%) BDD
14 30 (17.34%) Ruby
15 29 (16.76%) RESTful
15 29 (16.76%) HTTP
16 28 (16.18%) JIRA
16 28 (16.18%) Analytical Skills
17 26 (15.03%) Relational Database
17 26 (15.03%) Responsive Web Design
17 26 (15.03%) MVC
17 26 (15.03%) Finance
18 25 (14.45%) Configuration Management
18 25 (14.45%) Web Design

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Bristol by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (12.72%) Confluence
2 8 (4.62%) Tomcat
3 6 (3.47%) Apache
4 4 (2.31%) Apache Spark
4 4 (2.31%) JBoss
4 4 (2.31%) Jetty
5 2 (1.16%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
5 2 (1.16%) CMS
5 2 (1.16%) Drupal
5 2 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (1.16%) WildFly
6 1 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 1 (0.58%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 5 (2.89%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (2.89%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.58%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 24 (13.87%) Microsoft Azure
2 22 (12.72%) Amazon AWS
3 10 (5.78%) BrowserStack
4 7 (4.05%) IaaS
4 7 (4.05%) PaaS
5 5 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
5 5 (2.89%) Amazon S3
5 5 (2.89%) SaaS
5 5 (2.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
6 4 (2.31%) npm
6 4 (2.31%) NuGet
7 2 (1.16%) Office 365
8 1 (0.58%) Boomi
8 1 (0.58%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (0.58%) Sauce Labs
8 1 (0.58%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 29 (16.76%) HTTP
2 2 (1.16%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.58%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (15.03%) Relational Database
2 19 (10.98%) SQL Server
3 6 (3.47%) MongoDB
4 5 (2.89%) PostgreSQL
5 4 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
6 3 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
7 2 (1.16%) Big Data
7 2 (1.16%) MariaDB
7 2 (1.16%) MySQL
7 2 (1.16%) Oracle Database
7 2 (1.16%) Oracle Reports
7 2 (1.16%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 67 (38.73%) Selenium
2 57 (32.95%) Git (software)
3 42 (24.28%) Jenkins
4 40 (23.12%) Cucumber
5 32 (18.50%) JUnit
6 28 (16.18%) JIRA
7 25 (14.45%) Subversion
8 20 (11.56%) WebDriver
9 19 (10.98%) Team Foundation Server
10 17 (9.83%) Hudson
10 17 (9.83%) SpecFlow
11 16 (9.25%) Maven
12 13 (7.51%) Ant
12 13 (7.51%) JMeter
13 11 (6.36%) NUnit
14 10 (5.78%) SoapUI
15 9 (5.20%) Visual Studio
15 9 (5.20%) Visual Studio Coded UI
16 6 (3.47%) CruiseControl
16 6 (3.47%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 26 (15.03%) Finance
2 17 (9.83%) Telecoms
3 15 (8.67%) Marketing
4 13 (7.51%) Electronics
4 13 (7.51%) Manufacturing
5 7 (4.05%) Retail
6 4 (2.31%) Advertising
6 4 (2.31%) Banking
7 3 (1.73%) Billing
7 3 (1.73%) Law
8 2 (1.16%) Aerospace
8 2 (1.16%) Back Office
8 2 (1.16%) Games
9 1 (0.58%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 53 (30.64%) Developer
2 35 (20.23%) Analyst
3 34 (19.65%) Tester
4 28 (16.18%) Test Analyst
5 19 (10.98%) Agile Developer
5 19 (10.98%) Automation Tester
5 19 (10.98%) Scala Developer
6 12 (6.94%) Test Engineer
7 11 (6.36%) Automation Test Analyst
8 9 (5.20%) Java Automation Tester
8 9 (5.20%) Selenium Automation Tester
8 9 (5.20%) Selenium Tester
9 8 (4.62%) AWS Engineer
9 8 (4.62%) Software Developer
10 7 (4.05%) Ruby on Rails Developer
10 7 (4.05%) Senior Developer
10 7 (4.05%) Software Tester
10 7 (4.05%) Test Leader
11 6 (3.47%) .NET Developer
11 6 (3.47%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (16.76%) RESTful
2 25 (14.45%) REST
3 24 (13.87%) Gherkin
4 22 (12.72%) HTML
4 22 (12.72%) Ruby on Rails
5 21 (12.14%) JSON
6 20 (11.56%) Spring
7 19 (10.98%) .NET
8 18 (10.40%) Play Framework
8 18 (10.40%) Web Services
9 15 (8.67%) CSS
9 15 (8.67%) Django
9 15 (8.67%) Guice
9 15 (8.67%) SOAP
9 15 (8.67%) Spring MVC
10 12 (6.94%) ASP.NET Web API
11 11 (6.36%) ASP.NET
12 8 (4.62%) React
12 8 (4.62%) XML
13 6 (3.47%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 28 (16.18%) Analytical Skills
2 11 (6.36%) Self-Motivation
3 9 (5.20%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (2.89%) Enterprise Software
4 5 (2.89%) Management Information System
4 5 (2.89%) Wiki
5 4 (2.31%) Algorithms
5 4 (2.31%) Data Structures
5 4 (2.31%) Digital Media
5 4 (2.31%) N-Tier
6 3 (1.73%) Public Cloud
7 2 (1.16%) Digital TV
7 2 (1.16%) IPTV
7 2 (1.16%) MPEG
7 2 (1.16%) Smart Meter
7 2 (1.16%) Virtual Team
7 2 (1.16%) W3C
8 1 (0.58%) Greenfield Project
8 1 (0.58%) User Experience
8 1 (0.58%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 42 (24.28%) Linux
2 25 (14.45%) Unix
3 11 (6.36%) Windows
4 10 (5.78%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (1.16%) VMS
5 2 (1.16%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.58%) Android
6 1 (0.58%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 106 (61.27%) Agile Software Development
2 61 (35.26%) Continuous Integration
3 54 (31.21%) Scrum
4 42 (24.28%) Problem-Solving
5 35 (20.23%) TDD
6 32 (18.50%) Manual Testing
7 31 (17.92%) BDD
8 26 (15.03%) MVC
8 26 (15.03%) Responsive Web Design
9 25 (14.45%) Configuration Management
9 25 (14.45%) Web Design
10 24 (13.87%) DevOps
11 23 (13.29%) Digital Transformation Programme
12 19 (10.98%) Web Development
13 18 (10.40%) Kanban
13 18 (10.40%) Open Source
13 18 (10.40%) Test Scripting
14 17 (9.83%) API Testing
14 17 (9.83%) Continuous Deployment
15 16 (9.25%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 63 (36.42%) Java
2 42 (24.28%) SQL
3 36 (20.81%) JavaScript
4 35 (20.23%) C#
5 31 (17.92%) Python
6 30 (17.34%) Ruby
7 21 (12.14%) Scala
8 8 (4.62%) C
8 8 (4.62%) C++
8 8 (4.62%) PowerShell
9 5 (2.89%) Bash Shell
9 5 (2.89%) Korn
9 5 (2.89%) Shell Script
10 3 (1.73%) PHP
11 2 (1.16%) Java 8
11 2 (1.16%) JPQL
11 2 (1.16%) VBScript
12 1 (0.58%) Apple Swift
12 1 (0.58%) Kotlin
12 1 (0.58%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 19 (10.98%) BPSS Clearance
2 13 (7.51%) ISTQB
3 12 (6.94%) ISEB
4 11 (6.36%) Degree
5 6 (3.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 5 (2.89%) Security Cleared
7 4 (2.31%) DBS Check
8 3 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (1.73%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (1.73%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (10.98%) QA
2 3 (1.73%) HL7
3 2 (1.16%) WCAG
4 1 (0.58%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 12 (6.94%) Docker
Systems Management
1 6 (3.47%) Ansible
2 5 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
2 5 (2.89%) Puppet
3 4 (2.31%) HP Quality Center
3 4 (2.31%) Kibana
3 4 (2.31%) Kubernetes
4 2 (1.16%) WMI
5 1 (0.58%) HockeyApp
5 1 (0.58%) HP ALM
5 1 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 38 (21.97%) Microsoft
2 18 (10.40%) Oracle
3 15 (8.67%) Google
4 14 (8.09%) SAP
5 4 (2.31%) Perforce
6 3 (1.73%) Cadence
7 2 (1.16%) hybris
7 2 (1.16%) Red Hat
7 2 (1.16%) VMware
8 1 (0.58%) Adobe
8 1 (0.58%) Atlassian
8 1 (0.58%) Dell
8 1 (0.58%) HP
8 1 (0.58%) Talend