Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Bristol with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
South West > Bristol
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 21 40 38
Rank change year-on-year +19 -2 +15
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 173 89 78
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Bristol 8.16% 4.54% 4.49%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 9.60% 5.49% 5.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 120 61 61
Bristol median daily rate £395 £350 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.86% -16.67% +12.00%
10th Percentile £245 £250 £310
90th Percentile £488 £488 £538
South West median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 0 0
Bristol median hourly rate £40.75 - -
South West median hourly rate £41.00 £35.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +17.14% -22.22% +40.63%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Bristol with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Bristol
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 1,802 1,621 1,479
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Bristol 84.96% 82.62% 85.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,220 1,098 1,063
Bristol median daily rate £413 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £275 £256 £255
90th Percentile £538 £532 £550
South West median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 45 72
Bristol median hourly rate £41.50 £28.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.21% +12.00% +51.52%
10th Percentile £15.44 £12.43 £12.00
90th Percentile £67.63 £49.00 £45.93
South West median hourly rate £41.68 £35.00 £29.60
% change year-on-year +19.08% +18.24% -22.11%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend in Bristol

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Bristol.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Bristol

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Bristol

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Bristol

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in Bristol

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Bristol

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation in Bristol over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in Bristol

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Bristol region with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 118 (68.21%) Agile Software Development
2 86 (49.71%) Selenium
3 58 (33.53%) SQL
4 57 (32.95%) Git (software)
5 52 (30.06%) Scrum
6 51 (29.48%) Problem-Solving
7 49 (28.32%) C#
8 48 (27.75%) Java
8 48 (27.75%) Continuous Integration
9 47 (27.17%) Cucumber
9 47 (27.17%) Microsoft
10 45 (26.01%) Analytical Skills
11 35 (20.23%) SQL Server
12 34 (19.65%) Oracle
13 33 (19.08%) SpecFlow
14 32 (18.50%) .NET
15 31 (17.92%) Manual Testing
16 30 (17.34%) Gherkin
16 30 (17.34%) HTML
17 29 (16.76%) Test Scripting
17 29 (16.76%) QA
18 28 (16.18%) Microsoft Azure
18 28 (16.18%) DevOps
18 28 (16.18%) API Testing
19 27 (15.61%) Jenkins
20 26 (15.03%) JUnit
20 26 (15.03%) MVC
21 25 (14.45%) JavaScript
21 25 (14.45%) Linux
22 22 (12.72%) Unix

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills in Bristol by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (6.94%) Confluence
2 10 (5.78%) CMS
2 10 (5.78%) Drupal
3 6 (3.47%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
3 6 (3.47%) Tomcat
4 4 (2.31%) Apache
4 4 (2.31%) Jetty
5 2 (1.16%) Apache Spark
5 2 (1.16%) JBoss
5 2 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (1.16%) WildFly
6 1 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 5 (2.89%) Microsoft Excel
1 5 (2.89%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.16%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.58%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 28 (16.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 21 (12.14%) Amazon AWS
3 14 (8.09%) npm
4 13 (7.51%) NuGet
5 8 (4.62%) BrowserStack
6 5 (2.89%) Amazon EC2
6 5 (2.89%) Amazon S3
6 5 (2.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
7 4 (2.31%) IaaS
7 4 (2.31%) PaaS
8 3 (1.73%) Office 365
8 3 (1.73%) SaaS
9 2 (1.16%) GitHub
9 2 (1.16%) Sauce Labs
10 1 (0.58%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.58%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 22 (12.72%) HTTP
2 1 (0.58%) SSL
2 1 (0.58%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (20.23%) SQL Server
2 8 (4.62%) Relational Database
3 3 (1.73%) MongoDB
4 2 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
4 2 (1.16%) Big Data
4 2 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
4 2 (1.16%) Oracle Reports
4 2 (1.16%) RDBMS
5 1 (0.58%) MySQL
Development Applications
1 86 (49.71%) Selenium
2 57 (32.95%) Git (software)
3 47 (27.17%) Cucumber
4 33 (19.08%) SpecFlow
5 27 (15.61%) Jenkins
6 26 (15.03%) JUnit
7 20 (11.56%) WebDriver
8 19 (10.98%) JIRA
8 19 (10.98%) Team Foundation Server
9 15 (8.67%) NUnit
10 14 (8.09%) Visual Studio Coded UI
10 14 (8.09%) XMLUnit
11 13 (7.51%) Hudson
11 13 (7.51%) Moq
11 13 (7.51%) xUnit.net
12 12 (6.94%) Maven
13 11 (6.36%) SoapUI
13 11 (6.36%) Subversion
14 9 (5.20%) JMeter
15 8 (4.62%) CruiseControl
General
1 19 (10.98%) Finance
2 8 (4.62%) Advertising
3 6 (3.47%) Back Office
3 6 (3.47%) Retail
4 5 (2.89%) Marketing
5 4 (2.31%) Aerospace
6 3 (1.73%) Banking
6 3 (1.73%) Law
6 3 (1.73%) Telecoms
7 2 (1.16%) Electronics
7 2 (1.16%) Games
7 2 (1.16%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.58%) Billing
Job Titles
1 39 (22.54%) Developer
2 37 (21.39%) Analyst
2 37 (21.39%) Tester
3 31 (17.92%) Test Analyst
4 17 (9.83%) Automation Test Analyst
5 15 (8.67%) Automation Tester
6 13 (7.51%) Software Tester
7 11 (6.36%) Test Leader
8 10 (5.78%) Test Engineer
9 8 (4.62%) .NET Developer
9 8 (4.62%) Scala Developer
10 6 (3.47%) Agile Developer
10 6 (3.47%) Java Automation Tester
10 6 (3.47%) Lead Developer
10 6 (3.47%) Selenium Automation Tester
10 6 (3.47%) Selenium Tester
11 5 (2.89%) Agile Test Analyst
11 5 (2.89%) Architect
11 5 (2.89%) Test Manager
11 5 (2.89%) Test Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (18.50%) .NET
2 30 (17.34%) Gherkin
2 30 (17.34%) HTML
3 22 (12.72%) ASP.NET
4 20 (11.56%) CSS
4 20 (11.56%) JSON
5 19 (10.98%) XML
6 18 (10.40%) ASP.NET Web API
7 17 (9.83%) Node.js
8 16 (9.25%) RESTful
9 15 (8.67%) REST
9 15 (8.67%) Web Services
10 14 (8.09%) .NET Framework
10 14 (8.09%) ASP.NET Core
11 13 (7.51%) Autofac
11 13 (7.51%) Code First Entity Framework
11 13 (7.51%) D3.js
11 13 (7.51%) Entity Framework
11 13 (7.51%) Redux
12 12 (6.94%) React
Miscellaneous
1 45 (26.01%) Analytical Skills
2 22 (12.72%) Self-Motivation
3 13 (7.51%) Linux Command Line
4 6 (3.47%) Fintech
5 5 (2.89%) Computer Science
5 5 (2.89%) Wiki
6 4 (2.31%) Management Information System
7 3 (1.73%) Enterprise Software
7 3 (1.73%) Smart Meter
8 2 (1.16%) Algorithms
8 2 (1.16%) Data Structures
8 2 (1.16%) N-Tier
8 2 (1.16%) User Experience
8 2 (1.16%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (14.45%) Linux
2 22 (12.72%) Unix
3 17 (9.83%) Windows
4 3 (1.73%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (1.16%) VMS
5 2 (1.16%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 118 (68.21%) Agile Software Development
2 52 (30.06%) Scrum
3 51 (29.48%) Problem-Solving
4 48 (27.75%) Continuous Integration
5 31 (17.92%) Manual Testing
6 29 (16.76%) Test Scripting
7 28 (16.18%) API Testing
7 28 (16.18%) DevOps
8 26 (15.03%) MVC
9 22 (12.72%) TDD
10 20 (11.56%) Acceptance Criteria
10 20 (11.56%) Unit Testing
11 19 (10.98%) Migration
11 19 (10.98%) Test Strategy
12 18 (10.40%) Digital Transformation Programme
12 18 (10.40%) SDLC
13 17 (9.83%) SDET
13 17 (9.83%) Web Development
14 16 (9.25%) Dependency Injection
15 15 (8.67%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 58 (33.53%) SQL
2 49 (28.32%) C#
3 48 (27.75%) Java
4 25 (14.45%) JavaScript
5 21 (12.14%) Python
6 17 (9.83%) PowerShell
7 12 (6.94%) Ruby
8 9 (5.20%) C++
8 9 (5.20%) VBScript
9 8 (4.62%) Scala
10 5 (2.89%) Bash Shell
10 5 (2.89%) C
10 5 (2.89%) Korn
10 5 (2.89%) Shell Script
11 3 (1.73%) Java 8
12 2 (1.16%) JPQL
13 1 (0.58%) PHP
13 1 (0.58%) TypeScript
13 1 (0.58%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 20 (11.56%) ISEB
2 15 (8.67%) Degree
3 13 (7.51%) ISTQB
4 9 (5.20%) BPSS Clearance
5 8 (4.62%) Security Cleared
6 6 (3.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 5 (2.89%) SC Cleared
8 3 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (1.73%) DBS Check
8 3 (1.73%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (16.76%) QA
2 9 (5.20%) WCAG
3 1 (0.58%) HL7
System Software
1 15 (8.67%) Docker
2 1 (0.58%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 9 (5.20%) Kubernetes
1 9 (5.20%) WMI
2 6 (3.47%) Ansible
3 5 (2.89%) Opscode Chef
3 5 (2.89%) Puppet
4 3 (1.73%) HP Quality Center
5 1 (0.58%) Kibana
5 1 (0.58%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 47 (27.17%) Microsoft
2 34 (19.65%) Oracle
3 8 (4.62%) Google
4 7 (4.05%) Cadence
5 3 (1.73%) SAP
6 2 (1.16%) hybris
6 2 (1.16%) Perforce
6 2 (1.16%) Red Hat
6 2 (1.16%) VMware
7 1 (0.58%) Adobe
7 1 (0.58%) Cisco
7 1 (0.58%) Juniper
7 1 (0.58%) Ruckus Wireless
7 1 (0.58%) Siemens
7 1 (0.58%) Talend