Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for Penetration Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Penetration Testing over the 6 months to 7 August 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Penetration Testing
Central London > City of London
6 months to
7 Aug 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 179 165 132
Rank change year-on-year -14 -33 +86
Contract jobs citing Penetration Testing 18 5 5
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 0.40% 0.14% 0.22%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 0.44% 0.16% 0.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 12 4 4
10th Percentile £551 £336 £316
25th Percentile £555 £445 £378
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £613 £571 £500
Median % change year-on-year +7.22% +14.25% -4.76%
75th Percentile £725 £650 £588
90th Percentile - £673 -
Central London median daily rate £600 £518 £425
% change year-on-year +15.94% +21.76% -19.05%

Penetration Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 4,126 3,161 1,986
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.63% 91.28% 89.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,936 2,319 1,458
10th Percentile £375 £363 £338
25th Percentile £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £700 £646 £601
90th Percentile £784 £725 £686
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £520
% change year-on-year +4.55% +5.77% -0.95%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 40 37
10th Percentile £17.90 £11.15 £12.62
25th Percentile £24.25 £14.81 £17.00
Median hourly rate £45.37 £25.25 £37.50
Median % change year-on-year +79.68% -32.67% +97.37%
75th Percentile £57.50 £35.00 £46.00
90th Percentile £77.53 £67.98 £54.10
Central London median hourly rate £42.87 £23.23 £36.00
% change year-on-year +84.59% -35.49% +84.62%

Penetration Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing Penetration Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Penetration Testing in the City of London

Penetration Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Penetration Testing in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Penetration Testing in the City of London

Penetration Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Penetration Testing in the City of London over the 6 months to 7 August 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Penetration Testing in the City of London

For the 6 months to 7 August 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Penetration Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for Penetration Testing.

1 8 (44.44%) Azure
1 8 (44.44%) Cybersecurity
2 7 (38.89%) Firewall
3 6 (33.33%) Python
3 6 (33.33%) Agile
3 6 (33.33%) Security Operations
4 5 (27.78%) PKI
4 5 (27.78%) CISSP
4 5 (27.78%) Windows
5 4 (22.22%) Linux
5 4 (22.22%) Java
5 4 (22.22%) Finance
5 4 (22.22%) GIAC
5 4 (22.22%) Business Continuity
5 4 (22.22%) Information Security
5 4 (22.22%) Vulnerability Management
5 4 (22.22%) Microsoft 365
5 4 (22.22%) AWS
5 4 (22.22%) Vulnerability Scanning
5 4 (22.22%) Application Security
5 4 (22.22%) Azure Sentinel
6 3 (16.67%) Zscaler
6 3 (16.67%) Infrastructure as Code
6 3 (16.67%) CrowdStrike
6 3 (16.67%) Darktrace
6 3 (16.67%) Ansible
6 3 (16.67%) DevOps
6 3 (16.67%) Mentoring
6 3 (16.67%) Terraform
6 3 (16.67%) SIEM

Penetration Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 2 (11.11%) CMS
1 2 (11.11%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 3 (16.67%) Microsoft Excel
1 3 (16.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
1 3 (16.67%) MS Visio
2 1 (5.56%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 8 (44.44%) Azure
2 4 (22.22%) AWS
2 4 (22.22%) Azure Sentinel
2 4 (22.22%) Microsoft 365
3 2 (11.11%) Azure DevOps
4 1 (5.56%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (5.56%) IaaS
4 1 (5.56%) PaaS
4 1 (5.56%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (38.89%) Firewall
2 3 (16.67%) Cisco ASA
2 3 (16.67%) Network Security
2 3 (16.67%) Wireless
3 2 (11.11%) DNS
4 1 (5.56%) DHCP
4 1 (5.56%) TCP/IP
4 1 (5.56%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1 (5.56%) DB2
1 1 (5.56%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 1 (5.56%) Android Studio
1 1 (5.56%) Apktool
1 1 (5.56%) Burp Suite
1 1 (5.56%) Cycript
1 1 (5.56%) Cydia Substrate
1 1 (5.56%) IDA Disassembler
1 1 (5.56%) jadx
1 1 (5.56%) Radare
1 1 (5.56%) Xcode
General
1 4 (22.22%) Finance
2 2 (11.11%) Analytical Skills
2 2 (11.11%) Publishing
2 2 (11.11%) Social Skills
3 1 (5.56%) Financial Institution
3 1 (5.56%) Influencing Skills
3 1 (5.56%) Legal
3 1 (5.56%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 4 (22.22%) Security Engineer
2 3 (16.67%) Administrator
3 2 (11.11%) Analyst
3 2 (11.11%) Cybersecurity Engineer
3 2 (11.11%) Penetration Tester
3 2 (11.11%) Tester
3 2 (11.11%) Vulnerability Analyst
3 2 (11.11%) Vulnerability Management Analyst
4 1 (5.56%) 3rd Line Engineer
4 1 (5.56%) 3rd Line Infrastructure Engineer
4 1 (5.56%) Cybersecurity Consultant
4 1 (5.56%) DB2 Administrator
4 1 (5.56%) DB2 DBA
4 1 (5.56%) Firewall Architect
4 1 (5.56%) Infrastructure Specialist
4 1 (5.56%) Mobile Engineer
4 1 (5.56%) SCCM Engineer
4 1 (5.56%) SCCM Infrastructure Engineer
4 1 (5.56%) Senior Tester
4 1 (5.56%) VMware Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2 (11.11%) .NET
1 2 (11.11%) Node.js
2 1 (5.56%) AngularJS
2 1 (5.56%) LDAP
2 1 (5.56%) OAuth
2 1 (5.56%) SAML
2 1 (5.56%) Spring
2 1 (5.56%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 5 (27.78%) PKI
2 2 (11.11%) Cyberthreat
2 2 (11.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
2 2 (11.11%) Security Operations Centre
3 1 (5.56%) Algorithms
3 1 (5.56%) Cloud Native
3 1 (5.56%) CMDB
3 1 (5.56%) Data Centre
3 1 (5.56%) Hedge funds
3 1 (5.56%) Management Information System
3 1 (5.56%) Mobile App
3 1 (5.56%) Replication
3 1 (5.56%) SCADA
3 1 (5.56%) YARA
Operating Systems
1 5 (27.78%) Windows
2 4 (22.22%) Linux
3 2 (11.11%) Android
3 2 (11.11%) Unix
4 1 (5.56%) AIX
4 1 (5.56%) Apple iOS
4 1 (5.56%) Ubuntu
4 1 (5.56%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 8 (44.44%) Cybersecurity
2 6 (33.33%) Agile
2 6 (33.33%) Security Operations
3 4 (22.22%) Application Security
3 4 (22.22%) Business Continuity
3 4 (22.22%) Information Security
3 4 (22.22%) Vulnerability Management
3 4 (22.22%) Vulnerability Scanning
4 3 (16.67%) Change Management
4 3 (16.67%) DevOps
4 3 (16.67%) Infrastructure as Code
4 3 (16.67%) Mentoring
4 3 (16.67%) SIEM
4 3 (16.67%) Vulnerability Assessment
5 2 (11.11%) Continuous Improvement
5 2 (11.11%) Cryptography
5 2 (11.11%) ITIL
5 2 (11.11%) Risk Management
5 2 (11.11%) Security Testing
5 2 (11.11%) Stakeholder Management
Programming Languages
1 6 (33.33%) Python
2 4 (22.22%) Java
3 3 (16.67%) PowerShell
4 1 (5.56%) Apple Swift
4 1 (5.56%) Bash
4 1 (5.56%) C
4 1 (5.56%) C#
4 1 (5.56%) C++
4 1 (5.56%) JavaScript
4 1 (5.56%) Kotlin
4 1 (5.56%) Objective-C
4 1 (5.56%) Perl
4 1 (5.56%) Shell Script
4 1 (5.56%) SQL
Qualifications
1 5 (27.78%) CISSP
2 4 (22.22%) GIAC
3 3 (16.67%) OSCP
4 2 (11.11%) CREST Certified
4 2 (11.11%) ISACA
5 1 (5.56%) APMP
5 1 (5.56%) CCNA
5 1 (5.56%) CEH
5 1 (5.56%) CISA
5 1 (5.56%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (5.56%) CISM
5 1 (5.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (5.56%) Degree
5 1 (5.56%) GPEN
5 1 (5.56%) GXPN
5 1 (5.56%) OSCE
5 1 (5.56%) OSWP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (16.67%) SLA
2 2 (11.11%) NIST
3 1 (5.56%) GDPR
3 1 (5.56%) PMO
System Software
1 1 (5.56%) Active Directory
1 1 (5.56%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 3 (16.67%) Ansible
1 3 (16.67%) Terraform
2 1 (5.56%) QRadar
2 1 (5.56%) SCCM
2 1 (5.56%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 3 (16.67%) Cisco
1 3 (16.67%) CrowdStrike
1 3 (16.67%) Darktrace
1 3 (16.67%) Microsoft
1 3 (16.67%) Zscaler
2 2 (11.11%) Qualys
2 2 (11.11%) Sitecore
3 1 (5.56%) IBM
3 1 (5.56%) Oracle
3 1 (5.56%) Veeam
3 1 (5.56%) VMware