Period
to 25 June 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
25 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 3
Rank change year-on-year -1 +2 -2
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 909 784 1,774
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 29.43% 28.57% 27.51%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.37% 30.54% 29.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 740 620 1,452
10th Percentile £413 £375 £413
25th Percentile £478 £448 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £686 £625 £613
90th Percentile £738 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +14.29% - +3.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 2
Median hourly rate - £55.00 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year - +233.33% -23.26%
Central London median hourly rate - £55.00 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +233.33% -23.26%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 2,898 2,567 6,057
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.82% 93.55% 93.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,125 1,935 4,712
10th Percentile £350 £305 £325
25th Percentile £444 £413 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £520
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -3.85% +4.00%
75th Percentile £638 £600 £596
90th Percentile £716 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £546 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +9.25% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 38 65
10th Percentile £12.23 £12.48 £11.25
25th Percentile £14.25 £14.41 £12.76
Median hourly rate £23.00 £26.22 £20.50
Median % change year-on-year -12.28% +27.90% +9.63%
75th Percentile £32.40 £39.25 £33.75
90th Percentile £39.55 £53.70 £44.80
Central London median hourly rate £22.75 £26.44 £20.00
% change year-on-year -13.96% +32.20% +6.95%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 25 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 25 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -6 3 £600 +41.18%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 25 June 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 390 (42.90%) Agile Software Development
2 341 (37.51%) Java
3 286 (31.46%) TDD
4 224 (24.64%) Finance
5 215 (23.65%) Banking
6 210 (23.10%) SQL
7 197 (21.67%) JavaScript
8 196 (21.56%) Azure
9 184 (20.24%) Microservices
10 173 (19.03%) DevOps
11 163 (17.93%) Git (software)
12 162 (17.82%) C#
13 153 (16.83%) .NET
14 148 (16.28%) Spring
15 141 (15.51%) AWS
16 139 (15.29%) Front Office
17 136 (14.96%) Docker
18 131 (14.41%) AngularJS
19 128 (14.08%) React
20 116 (12.76%) HTML
21 115 (12.65%) Python
22 105 (11.55%) TypeScript
23 101 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
24 99 (10.89%) CSS
24 99 (10.89%) Kubernetes
25 96 (10.56%) Investment Banking
25 96 (10.56%) BDD
26 91 (10.01%) Multithreading
27 87 (9.57%) Test Automation
28 85 (9.35%) Node.js

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (3.08%) SharePoint
2 23 (2.53%) Apache Spark
3 15 (1.65%) Apache
4 12 (1.32%) nginx
5 9 (0.99%) CMS
6 8 (0.88%) Red Hat Fuse
6 8 (0.88%) SharePoint 2010
7 6 (0.66%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 5 (0.55%) Appian
8 5 (0.55%) Drupal
8 5 (0.55%) JBoss
9 4 (0.44%) Cloud Foundry
9 4 (0.44%) NServiceBus
10 3 (0.33%) Camunda
10 3 (0.33%) IIS
10 3 (0.33%) SAS
10 3 (0.33%) Umbraco
10 3 (0.33%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.33%) WordPress
Applications
1 8 (0.88%) InfoPath
2 7 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.33%) Adobe Illustrator
Business Applications
1 9 (0.99%) Summit
2 5 (0.55%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.44%) Magento
4 3 (0.33%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.22%) IntelliMatch
5 2 (0.22%) ION MarketView
5 2 (0.22%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.11%) Front Arena
6 1 (0.11%) Global One
6 1 (0.11%) Kondor
6 1 (0.11%) Maximo
6 1 (0.11%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle 11i
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Applications
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Payables
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 196 (21.56%) Azure
2 141 (15.51%) AWS
3 37 (4.07%) Power Platform
4 31 (3.41%) Serverless
5 30 (3.30%) GitHub
6 21 (2.31%) Microsoft 365
7 17 (1.87%) GCP
8 15 (1.65%) SaaS
9 13 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
9 13 (1.43%) Azure Functions
10 11 (1.21%) Slack
11 10 (1.10%) PowerApps
12 9 (0.99%) Power Automate
13 7 (0.77%) PaaS
14 6 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
14 6 (0.66%) Azure Data Factory
14 6 (0.66%) Azure Logic Apps
14 6 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
15 5 (0.55%) Amazon Kinesis
15 5 (0.55%) Azure Stack
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.21%) HTTP
2 6 (0.66%) Internet
3 3 (0.33%) BGP
3 3 (0.33%) Multicast
4 2 (0.22%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.22%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.11%) Broadband
5 1 (0.11%) DECT
5 1 (0.11%) DNS
5 1 (0.11%) FIX Connectivity
5 1 (0.11%) IPv4
5 1 (0.11%) IPv6
5 1 (0.11%) PPP
5 1 (0.11%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 56 (6.16%) SQL Server
2 33 (3.63%) Power BI
3 31 (3.41%) Data Warehouse
4 30 (3.30%) Tableau
5 26 (2.86%) MySQL
5 26 (2.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 25 (2.75%) NoSQL
7 20 (2.20%) MongoDB
8 18 (1.98%) PostgreSQL
8 18 (1.98%) Tableau Desktop
8 18 (1.98%) Tableau Server
9 15 (1.65%) Relational Database
10 14 (1.54%) Big Data
11 13 (1.43%) Hazelcast
12 11 (1.21%) Redis
13 10 (1.10%) Hadoop
14 9 (0.99%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 9 (0.99%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 8 (0.88%) Oracle Database
16 7 (0.77%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 163 (17.93%) Git (software)
2 72 (7.92%) Jenkins
3 54 (5.94%) JIRA
4 32 (3.52%) Visual Studio
5 26 (2.86%) Maven
5 26 (2.86%) Octopus Deploy
6 19 (2.09%) Cucumber
7 17 (1.87%) JUnit
8 15 (1.65%) TeamCity
9 12 (1.32%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 12 (1.32%) Jasmine
9 12 (1.32%) Subversion
10 10 (1.10%) Bitbucket
10 10 (1.10%) Karma Test Runner
10 10 (1.10%) Mockito
11 7 (0.77%) Cypress.io
11 7 (0.77%) Eclipse
11 7 (0.77%) IntelliJ
11 7 (0.77%) Selenium
11 7 (0.77%) webpack
General
1 224 (24.64%) Finance
2 215 (23.65%) Banking
3 139 (15.29%) Front Office
4 96 (10.56%) Investment Banking
5 81 (8.91%) Social Skills
6 26 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (2.64%) Retail
8 16 (1.76%) Games
9 12 (1.32%) Marketing
10 11 (1.21%) Legal
11 10 (1.10%) Public Sector
12 8 (0.88%) Financial Institution
13 5 (0.55%) Publishing
14 4 (0.44%) Telecoms
15 3 (0.33%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.33%) Wearables
16 2 (0.22%) Advertising
16 2 (0.22%) Documentation Skills
16 2 (0.22%) Influencing Skills
16 2 (0.22%) Law
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 153 (16.83%) .NET
2 148 (16.28%) Spring
3 131 (14.41%) AngularJS
4 128 (14.08%) React
5 116 (12.76%) HTML
6 99 (10.89%) CSS
7 85 (9.35%) Node.js
8 67 (7.37%) RESTful
9 66 (7.26%) Spring Boot
10 59 (6.49%) Kafka
11 55 (6.05%) Web Services
12 51 (5.61%) HTML5
13 40 (4.40%) Redux
14 38 (4.18%) GraphQL
15 36 (3.96%) Sass
16 30 (3.30%) CSS3
16 30 (3.30%) REST
17 28 (3.08%) jQuery
18 27 (2.97%) .NET Core
19 25 (2.75%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 85 (9.35%) Greenfield Project
2 74 (8.14%) Fixed Income
3 69 (7.59%) Derivative
4 68 (7.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 37 (4.07%) Market Risk
6 35 (3.85%) User Experience
7 29 (3.19%) Enterprise Software
8 28 (3.08%) Credit Risk
9 27 (2.97%) Interest Rate Derivative
9 27 (2.97%) Self-Motivation
10 26 (2.86%) Equities
11 23 (2.53%) Data Structures
11 23 (2.53%) Mobile App
12 16 (1.76%) Algorithms
13 12 (1.32%) Grid Computing
14 10 (1.10%) Client/Server
15 7 (0.77%) Management Information System
16 6 (0.66%) Credit Derivative
16 6 (0.66%) Public Cloud
17 5 (0.55%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 48 (5.28%) Linux
2 21 (2.31%) Android
3 18 (1.98%) Unix
4 15 (1.65%) Apple iOS
5 8 (0.88%) Windows
6 3 (0.33%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.11%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 390 (42.90%) Agile Software Development
2 286 (31.46%) TDD
3 184 (20.24%) Microservices
4 173 (19.03%) DevOps
5 101 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
6 96 (10.56%) BDD
7 91 (10.01%) Multithreading
8 87 (9.57%) Test Automation
9 84 (9.24%) Software Engineering
10 81 (8.91%) Electronic Trading
11 78 (8.58%) Low Latency
12 73 (8.03%) Scrum
13 59 (6.49%) Front End Development
14 57 (6.27%) SDLC
15 49 (5.39%) Continuous Improvement
16 47 (5.17%) Analytics
17 45 (4.95%) Problem-Solving
17 45 (4.95%) Unit Testing
18 44 (4.84%) Business Intelligence
19 41 (4.51%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 341 (37.51%) Java
2 210 (23.10%) SQL
3 197 (21.67%) JavaScript
4 162 (17.82%) C#
5 115 (12.65%) Python
6 105 (11.55%) TypeScript
7 59 (6.49%) Java 8
8 54 (5.94%) C++
9 47 (5.17%) Kotlin
10 41 (4.51%) Scala
11 28 (3.08%) PowerShell
12 24 (2.64%) PHP
13 18 (1.98%) Ruby
14 17 (1.87%) ES6
14 17 (1.87%) Go
15 16 (1.76%) PL/SQL
16 11 (1.21%) T-SQL
17 10 (1.10%) VBA
18 8 (0.88%) Perl
19 7 (0.77%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 39 (4.29%) Degree
2 18 (1.98%) Computer Science Degree
3 11 (1.21%) SC Cleared
3 11 (1.21%) Security Cleared
4 4 (0.44%) AWS Certification
4 4 (0.44%) PhD
5 1 (0.11%) BC Cleared
5 1 (0.11%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
5 1 (0.11%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (0.11%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (1.76%) QA
2 9 (0.99%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.44%) PMO
4 3 (0.33%) Basel III
4 3 (0.33%) CRD IV
4 3 (0.33%) EMIR
4 3 (0.33%) MiFID
5 2 (0.22%) SLA
6 1 (0.11%) JTAG
6 1 (0.11%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.11%) WCAG
System Software
1 136 (14.96%) Docker
2 5 (0.55%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.33%) Platform Symphony
4 2 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 99 (10.89%) Kubernetes
2 22 (2.42%) Ansible
3 15 (1.65%) Terraform
4 2 (0.22%) Control-M
4 2 (0.22%) Istio
4 2 (0.22%) Opscode Chef
4 2 (0.22%) vRealize
4 2 (0.22%) vRealize Orchestrator
5 1 (0.11%) Bugsnag
5 1 (0.11%) Marathon
5 1 (0.11%) Puppet
Vendors
1 67 (7.37%) Oracle
2 30 (3.30%) Microsoft
3 13 (1.43%) MuleSoft
3 13 (1.43%) Salesforce.com
4 12 (1.32%) Google
5 9 (0.99%) Nintex
5 9 (0.99%) Solace
6 8 (0.88%) ION Trading
7 7 (0.77%) Adobe
7 7 (0.77%) Sybase
8 6 (0.66%) Murex
8 6 (0.66%) Workday
9 5 (0.55%) Splunk
9 5 (0.55%) Talend
9 5 (0.55%) TIBCO
10 4 (0.44%) Cisco
10 4 (0.44%) Juniper
10 4 (0.44%) ServiceNow
10 4 (0.44%) WorldPay
11 3 (0.33%) Databricks