Period
to 21 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
21 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 594 1,479 2,315
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 28.39% 29.63% 34.23%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.86% 31.72% 36.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 549 1,258 2,042
Median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
10th Percentile £363 £390 £406
90th Percentile £725 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
Median hourly rate - £63.33 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +233.32% -21.79%
Central London median hourly rate - £63.33 £19.00
% change year-on-year - +233.32% -21.79%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 1,925 4,662 6,427
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.02% 93.39% 95.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,447 3,676 5,058
Median daily rate £515 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.00% - -
10th Percentile £305 £300 £300
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £510 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 60 80
Median hourly rate £24.75 £19.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +25.32% +5.61% +13.33%
10th Percentile £16.58 £12.38 £12.74
90th Percentile £46.18 £49.50 £27.43
Median hourly rate £26.50 £20.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +32.50% +6.95% +3.89%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 21 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 258 (43.43%) Java
2 208 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
3 160 (26.94%) TDD
4 158 (26.60%) JavaScript
5 146 (24.58%) Banking
6 129 (21.72%) Finance
7 120 (20.20%) Microservices
8 111 (18.69%) Spring
9 105 (17.68%) Front Office
10 100 (16.84%) SQL
11 94 (15.82%) React
12 93 (15.66%) Docker
13 91 (15.32%) Azure
14 88 (14.81%) AWS
15 87 (14.65%) HTML
16 86 (14.48%) C#
17 85 (14.31%) Python
18 81 (13.64%) AngularJS
19 79 (13.30%) DevOps
19 79 (13.30%) Git (software)
19 79 (13.30%) Multithreading
20 77 (12.96%) Software Engineering
21 73 (12.29%) CSS
22 71 (11.95%) Jenkins
23 66 (11.11%) Kubernetes
24 64 (10.77%) .NET
24 64 (10.77%) Scrum
25 60 (10.10%) REST
26 59 (9.93%) HTML5
26 59 (9.93%) Java 8

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (2.86%) Elasticsearch
2 9 (1.52%) Apache Spark
3 8 (1.35%) Appian
4 7 (1.18%) Apache
4 7 (1.18%) Red Hat Fuse
4 7 (1.18%) SharePoint
5 6 (1.01%) NServiceBus
6 5 (0.84%) CMS
6 5 (0.84%) Confluence
6 5 (0.84%) JBoss
6 5 (0.84%) Mule
6 5 (0.84%) nginx
6 5 (0.84%) WebSphere
7 4 (0.67%) WordPress
8 3 (0.51%) Camunda
8 3 (0.51%) Oracle Coherence
9 2 (0.34%) Alfresco
9 2 (0.34%) Apache Airflow
9 2 (0.34%) Drupal
9 2 (0.34%) Jupyter
Applications
1 4 (0.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
2 1 (0.17%) InVision
2 1 (0.17%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.17%) Sketch
2 1 (0.17%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 7 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (0.67%) FINCAD Analytics
3 3 (0.51%) SunGard Martini
3 3 (0.51%) Temenos T24
4 2 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
4 2 (0.34%) Magento
4 2 (0.34%) Maximo
4 2 (0.34%) thinkFolio
5 1 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
5 1 (0.17%) Elite 3E
5 1 (0.17%) Global One
5 1 (0.17%) Kondor
5 1 (0.17%) OpenText MBPM
5 1 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 91 (15.32%) Azure
2 88 (14.81%) AWS
3 25 (4.21%) Power Platform
3 25 (4.21%) Serverless
4 20 (3.37%) GCP
5 16 (2.69%) SaaS
6 14 (2.36%) GitHub
6 14 (2.36%) PaaS
7 9 (1.52%) Amazon EC2
7 9 (1.52%) AWS CloudFormation
8 8 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (1.35%) npm
9 7 (1.18%) Amazon ECS
9 7 (1.18%) Amazon ElastiCache
9 7 (1.18%) Amazon S3
9 7 (1.18%) Azure Functions
9 7 (1.18%) IaaS
10 5 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
10 5 (0.84%) Apigee
10 5 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.85%) Internet
2 8 (1.35%) HTTP
3 5 (0.84%) Firewall
4 4 (0.67%) DNS
4 4 (0.67%) SSL
4 4 (0.67%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.51%) FTP
5 3 (0.51%) Multicast
6 2 (0.34%) AMQP
7 1 (0.17%) BGP
7 1 (0.17%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.17%) Extranet
7 1 (0.17%) Intranet
7 1 (0.17%) MPLS
7 1 (0.17%) NAS
7 1 (0.17%) SNMP
7 1 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 50 (8.42%) SQL Server
2 31 (5.22%) MongoDB
3 26 (4.38%) Data Warehouse
4 23 (3.87%) NoSQL
5 22 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
5 22 (3.70%) Power BI
6 21 (3.54%) Relational Database
7 16 (2.69%) MySQL
7 16 (2.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 15 (2.53%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 13 (2.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 12 (2.02%) Oracle Database
11 11 (1.85%) RDBMS
12 8 (1.35%) Redis
13 7 (1.18%) Hadoop
13 7 (1.18%) Tableau
14 5 (0.84%) Hazelcast
15 4 (0.67%) Amazon RDS
15 4 (0.67%) Big Data
15 4 (0.67%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 79 (13.30%) Git (software)
2 71 (11.95%) Jenkins
3 35 (5.89%) Maven
4 22 (3.70%) JUnit
5 14 (2.36%) webpack
6 12 (2.02%) Gradle
7 11 (1.85%) Mockito
7 11 (1.85%) TeamCity
8 9 (1.52%) JIRA
9 8 (1.35%) Cucumber
9 8 (1.35%) Subversion
10 7 (1.18%) MSBuild
11 6 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 6 (1.01%) Gatling
11 6 (1.01%) gulp
11 6 (1.01%) Robot Framework
12 5 (0.84%) Grunt
12 5 (0.84%) Hudson
12 5 (0.84%) Jasmine
12 5 (0.84%) Selenium
General
1 146 (24.58%) Banking
2 129 (21.72%) Finance
3 105 (17.68%) Front Office
4 53 (8.92%) Investment Banking
5 13 (2.19%) Back Office
6 10 (1.68%) Retail
7 9 (1.52%) Financial Institution
7 9 (1.52%) International Banking
7 9 (1.52%) Public Sector
8 7 (1.18%) Games
9 5 (0.84%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.51%) Advertising
10 3 (0.51%) French Language
11 2 (0.34%) Law
12 1 (0.17%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.17%) Corporate Banking
12 1 (0.17%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.17%) Marketing
12 1 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.17%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 111 (18.69%) Spring
2 94 (15.82%) React
3 87 (14.65%) HTML
4 81 (13.64%) AngularJS
5 73 (12.29%) CSS
6 64 (10.77%) .NET
7 60 (10.10%) REST
8 59 (9.93%) HTML5
9 57 (9.60%) Spring Boot
10 56 (9.43%) Web Services
11 52 (8.75%) Node.js
12 49 (8.25%) Kafka
13 45 (7.58%) RESTful
14 39 (6.57%) CSS3
15 34 (5.72%) Redux
16 27 (4.55%) Sass
17 25 (4.21%) GraphQL
17 25 (4.21%) Vue.js
18 23 (3.87%) LESS
19 22 (3.70%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 48 (8.08%) Greenfield Project
2 42 (7.07%) Fixed Income
2 42 (7.07%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 32 (5.39%) Derivative
4 18 (3.03%) User Experience
5 16 (2.69%) Analytical Skills
6 14 (2.36%) Market Risk
7 13 (2.19%) Equities
8 12 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
9 11 (1.85%) Credit Risk
10 10 (1.68%) Self-Motivation
11 9 (1.52%) Algorithms
11 9 (1.52%) Data Structures
11 9 (1.52%) Grid Computing
12 8 (1.35%) Clustering
13 7 (1.18%) Data Centre
13 7 (1.18%) Mobile App
13 7 (1.18%) Public Cloud
14 6 (1.01%) Cloud Native
15 5 (0.84%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 42 (7.07%) Linux
2 15 (2.53%) Unix
3 14 (2.36%) Android
4 8 (1.35%) Apple iOS
5 7 (1.18%) Windows
6 1 (0.17%) Android TV
6 1 (0.17%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (35.02%) Agile Software Development
2 160 (26.94%) TDD
3 120 (20.20%) Microservices
4 79 (13.30%) DevOps
4 79 (13.30%) Multithreading
5 77 (12.96%) Software Engineering
6 64 (10.77%) Scrum
7 58 (9.76%) Continuous Integration
8 55 (9.26%) BDD
9 50 (8.42%) Low Latency
10 46 (7.74%) Test Automation
11 44 (7.41%) OO
12 41 (6.90%) Electronic Trading
12 41 (6.90%) Front End Development
13 34 (5.72%) Migration
14 32 (5.39%) Unit Testing
14 32 (5.39%) Web Development
15 31 (5.22%) MVC
15 31 (5.22%) Risk Management
16 30 (5.05%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 258 (43.43%) Java
2 158 (26.60%) JavaScript
3 100 (16.84%) SQL
4 86 (14.48%) C#
5 85 (14.31%) Python
6 59 (9.93%) Java 8
7 53 (8.92%) TypeScript
8 42 (7.07%) Kotlin
9 38 (6.40%) C++
10 33 (5.56%) PHP
11 26 (4.38%) Scala
12 19 (3.20%) PL/SQL
13 16 (2.69%) Ruby
14 12 (2.02%) Go
15 11 (1.85%) ES6
15 11 (1.85%) T-SQL
16 7 (1.18%) PowerShell
17 6 (1.01%) Apple Swift
18 5 (0.84%) Perl
19 4 (0.67%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 28 (4.71%) Security Cleared
2 26 (4.38%) SC Cleared
3 23 (3.87%) Degree
4 12 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.84%) PhD
6 4 (0.67%) AWS Certification
6 4 (0.67%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.51%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (3.20%) QA
2 3 (0.51%) MiFID
3 2 (0.34%) Dodd-Frank
3 2 (0.34%) WCAG
4 1 (0.17%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.17%) SLA
System Software
1 93 (15.66%) Docker
2 3 (0.51%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.34%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 2 (0.34%) etcd
3 2 (0.34%) Varnish
4 1 (0.17%) HDFS
4 1 (0.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.17%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 66 (11.11%) Kubernetes
2 20 (3.37%) Terraform
3 8 (1.35%) Ansible
3 8 (1.35%) Opscode Chef
4 4 (0.67%) Netcool
5 3 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.34%) Consul
6 2 (0.34%) Control-M
6 2 (0.34%) Grafana
6 2 (0.34%) Prometheus
6 2 (0.34%) Puppet
6 2 (0.34%) Rundeck
6 2 (0.34%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.17%) Istio
7 1 (0.17%) Kibana
7 1 (0.17%) logstash
7 1 (0.17%) MIIS
7 1 (0.17%) Salt
7 1 (0.17%) Tivoli
7 1 (0.17%) vRealize
Vendors
1 43 (7.24%) Microsoft
2 41 (6.90%) Oracle
3 8 (1.35%) MuleSoft
4 7 (1.18%) IBM
5 6 (1.01%) Google
5 6 (1.01%) Sybase
6 5 (0.84%) AppDynamics
7 4 (0.67%) Atlassian
7 4 (0.67%) Murex
7 4 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (0.67%) ServiceNow
7 4 (0.67%) SevOne
7 4 (0.67%) Talend
8 3 (0.51%) FIS
8 3 (0.51%) SAP
8 3 (0.51%) SunGard
9 2 (0.34%) Confluent
9 2 (0.34%) Databricks
9 2 (0.34%) Dynatrace
9 2 (0.34%) Roku