Period
to 12 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 2 1 3
Rank change year-on-year -1 +2 -2
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 692 1,207 2,058
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 28.73% 29.88% 30.28%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.73% 32.02% 32.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 553 984 1,724
10th Percentile £378 £388 £409
25th Percentile £461 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.76% - -
75th Percentile £638 £625 £619
90th Percentile £725 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.76% - +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 3
Median hourly rate - £57.50 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year - +202.63% -11.63%
Central London median hourly rate - £57.50 £19.00
% change year-on-year - +202.63% -11.63%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 2,252 3,769 6,409
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.48% 93.29% 94.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,668 2,881 4,982
10th Percentile £325 £300 £313
25th Percentile £425 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £597
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £513
% change year-on-year +5.00% -2.44% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 24 57 59
10th Percentile £12.11 £12.42 £11.75
25th Percentile £15.94 £14.38 £14.25
Median hourly rate £23.00 £21.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +12.30% -
75th Percentile £27.25 £38.68 £23.45
90th Percentile £37.03 £52.25 £37.50
Central London median hourly rate £23.00 £20.50 £19.25
% change year-on-year +12.20% +6.49% +2.94%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -6 2 £600 +33.33%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 12 April 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 286 (41.33%) Agile Software Development
2 282 (40.75%) Java
3 204 (29.48%) TDD
4 173 (25.00%) JavaScript
5 153 (22.11%) Finance
6 145 (20.95%) Banking
7 142 (20.52%) Microservices
8 126 (18.21%) DevOps
9 125 (18.06%) Spring
10 120 (17.34%) Azure
11 112 (16.18%) Docker
12 108 (15.61%) AWS
12 108 (15.61%) Front Office
13 103 (14.88%) SQL
13 103 (14.88%) React
14 102 (14.74%) HTML
15 98 (14.16%) C#
16 96 (13.87%) Kubernetes
17 91 (13.15%) Git (software)
18 87 (12.57%) .NET
19 86 (12.43%) Software Engineering
20 84 (12.14%) Multithreading
21 82 (11.85%) CSS
21 82 (11.85%) Python
22 77 (11.13%) AngularJS
23 72 (10.40%) BDD
24 70 (10.12%) Continuous Integration
25 68 (9.83%) Jenkins
26 67 (9.68%) Spring Boot
27 66 (9.54%) Low Latency

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (1.73%) Apache Spark
2 11 (1.59%) SharePoint
3 10 (1.45%) Apache
3 10 (1.45%) Elasticsearch
4 9 (1.30%) Red Hat Fuse
5 8 (1.16%) NServiceBus
6 7 (1.01%) CMS
6 7 (1.01%) nginx
7 5 (0.72%) Cloud Foundry
7 5 (0.72%) Drupal
7 5 (0.72%) Oracle Coherence
8 4 (0.58%) Apache Airflow
8 4 (0.58%) Appian
8 4 (0.58%) Mule
8 4 (0.58%) WordPress
9 3 (0.43%) Alfresco
9 3 (0.43%) Camunda
9 3 (0.43%) SharePoint 2010
10 2 (0.29%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.29%) Jupyter
Applications
1 3 (0.43%) InfoPath
1 3 (0.43%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (0.87%) Summit
2 5 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.58%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.29%) IntelliMatch
4 2 (0.29%) Magento
4 2 (0.29%) Maximo
5 1 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.14%) Elite 3E
5 1 (0.14%) Global One
5 1 (0.14%) Kondor
5 1 (0.14%) OpenText MBPM
5 1 (0.14%) OpenText VIM for SAP
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle 11i
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
5 1 (0.14%) Oracle Receivables
5 1 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 120 (17.34%) Azure
2 108 (15.61%) AWS
3 31 (4.48%) Serverless
4 22 (3.18%) Power Platform
5 21 (3.03%) GitHub
6 20 (2.89%) SaaS
7 17 (2.46%) GCP
8 14 (2.02%) PaaS
9 10 (1.45%) AWS Lambda
9 10 (1.45%) Azure Functions
10 9 (1.30%) Amazon EC2
11 8 (1.16%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (1.01%) Amazon ECS
12 7 (1.01%) Amazon Kinesis
13 6 (0.87%) Amazon ElastiCache
13 6 (0.87%) Apigee
13 6 (0.87%) Dynamics 365
13 6 (0.87%) Microsoft 365
13 6 (0.87%) Slack
14 5 (0.72%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 11 (1.59%) Internet
2 9 (1.30%) HTTP
3 3 (0.43%) DNS
3 3 (0.43%) Multicast
3 3 (0.43%) SSL
4 2 (0.29%) Firewall
4 2 (0.29%) FTP
4 2 (0.29%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.29%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.29%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.14%) DECT
5 1 (0.14%) Extranet
5 1 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
5 1 (0.14%) Intranet
5 1 (0.14%) IPv4
5 1 (0.14%) IPv6
5 1 (0.14%) NAS
5 1 (0.14%) PPP
5 1 (0.14%) UPnP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (6.21%) SQL Server
2 24 (3.47%) MongoDB
3 23 (3.32%) NoSQL
4 21 (3.03%) Tableau
5 20 (2.89%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (2.89%) Power BI
6 19 (2.75%) MySQL
6 19 (2.75%) Relational Database
7 16 (2.31%) Data Warehouse
8 15 (2.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 12 (1.73%) Tableau Desktop
9 12 (1.73%) Tableau Server
10 11 (1.59%) Oracle Database
11 10 (1.45%) RDBMS
11 10 (1.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 8 (1.16%) Big Data
12 8 (1.16%) Redis
12 8 (1.16%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 7 (1.01%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (1.01%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 91 (13.15%) Git (software)
2 68 (9.83%) Jenkins
3 26 (3.76%) JIRA
4 25 (3.61%) Maven
5 18 (2.60%) Octopus Deploy
6 16 (2.31%) JUnit
7 14 (2.02%) Cucumber
8 10 (1.45%) TeamCity
9 9 (1.30%) Mockito
9 9 (1.30%) webpack
10 8 (1.16%) Bitbucket
11 7 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 7 (1.01%) Gradle
11 7 (1.01%) Jasmine
11 7 (1.01%) Subversion
11 7 (1.01%) Visual Studio
12 6 (0.87%) Mocha
12 6 (0.87%) Selenium
13 5 (0.72%) Eclipse
13 5 (0.72%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 153 (22.11%) Finance
2 145 (20.95%) Banking
3 108 (15.61%) Front Office
4 54 (7.80%) Investment Banking
5 13 (1.88%) Retail
6 8 (1.16%) Financial Institution
6 8 (1.16%) Games
7 6 (0.87%) Back Office
7 6 (0.87%) Marketing
8 5 (0.72%) International Banking
9 4 (0.58%) Public Sector
10 3 (0.43%) Advertising
10 3 (0.43%) Law
10 3 (0.43%) Legal
10 3 (0.43%) Retail Banking
10 3 (0.43%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.29%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.29%) Publishing
12 1 (0.14%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.14%) General Ledger
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 125 (18.06%) Spring
2 103 (14.88%) React
3 102 (14.74%) HTML
4 87 (12.57%) .NET
5 82 (11.85%) CSS
6 77 (11.13%) AngularJS
7 67 (9.68%) Spring Boot
8 65 (9.39%) Node.js
9 54 (7.80%) HTML5
9 54 (7.80%) Kafka
10 49 (7.08%) Web Services
11 44 (6.36%) REST
12 43 (6.21%) RESTful
13 39 (5.64%) Redux
14 33 (4.77%) CSS3
14 33 (4.77%) Sass
15 28 (4.05%) GraphQL
16 24 (3.47%) Hibernate
17 22 (3.18%) Ruby on Rails
18 21 (3.03%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 60 (8.67%) Greenfield Project
2 50 (7.23%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 47 (6.79%) Fixed Income
4 33 (4.77%) Derivative
5 29 (4.19%) Enterprise Software
6 25 (3.61%) User Experience
7 24 (3.47%) Self-Motivation
8 17 (2.46%) Analytical Skills
9 16 (2.31%) Market Risk
10 15 (2.17%) Credit Risk
10 15 (2.17%) Mobile App
11 14 (2.02%) Data Structures
12 13 (1.88%) Grid Computing
13 12 (1.73%) Equities
14 11 (1.59%) Algorithms
15 9 (1.30%) Clustering
16 8 (1.16%) Public Cloud
17 6 (0.87%) Cloud Native
18 5 (0.72%) Management Information System
18 5 (0.72%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 39 (5.64%) Linux
2 21 (3.03%) Android
3 19 (2.75%) Unix
4 14 (2.02%) Apple iOS
5 3 (0.43%) Mac OS
5 3 (0.43%) Windows
6 1 (0.14%) OpenWrt
Processes & Methodologies
1 286 (41.33%) Agile Software Development
2 204 (29.48%) TDD
3 142 (20.52%) Microservices
4 126 (18.21%) DevOps
5 86 (12.43%) Software Engineering
6 84 (12.14%) Multithreading
7 72 (10.40%) BDD
8 70 (10.12%) Continuous Integration
9 66 (9.54%) Low Latency
10 65 (9.39%) Test Automation
11 59 (8.53%) Electronic Trading
11 59 (8.53%) Scrum
12 51 (7.37%) Front End Development
13 43 (6.21%) Migration
14 41 (5.92%) Analytics
15 40 (5.78%) SDLC
16 37 (5.35%) Continuous Improvement
17 36 (5.20%) OO
18 32 (4.62%) Problem-Solving
18 32 (4.62%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 282 (40.75%) Java
2 173 (25.00%) JavaScript
3 103 (14.88%) SQL
4 98 (14.16%) C#
5 82 (11.85%) Python
6 61 (8.82%) Java 8
6 61 (8.82%) TypeScript
7 44 (6.36%) C++
8 42 (6.07%) Kotlin
9 32 (4.62%) Scala
10 25 (3.61%) PHP
11 24 (3.47%) Ruby
12 20 (2.89%) PowerShell
13 17 (2.46%) ES6
13 17 (2.46%) Go
13 17 (2.46%) PL/SQL
14 11 (1.59%) T-SQL
15 8 (1.16%) Perl
16 6 (0.87%) Apple Swift
17 5 (0.72%) C
Qualifications
1 31 (4.48%) Degree
2 27 (3.90%) SC Cleared
2 27 (3.90%) Security Cleared
3 14 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (0.87%) PhD
5 5 (0.72%) AWS Certification
6 1 (0.14%) BC Cleared
6 1 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
6 1 (0.14%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.14%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (3.03%) QA
2 2 (0.29%) Dodd-Frank
2 2 (0.29%) MiFID
3 1 (0.14%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.14%) JTAG
System Software
1 112 (16.18%) Docker
2 5 (0.72%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.14%) etcd
4 1 (0.14%) HDFS
4 1 (0.14%) Varnish
4 1 (0.14%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 96 (13.87%) Kubernetes
2 20 (2.89%) Terraform
3 14 (2.02%) Ansible
4 5 (0.72%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.43%) Puppet
5 3 (0.43%) vRealize
6 2 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
6 2 (0.29%) Istio
6 2 (0.29%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 1 (0.14%) Consul
7 1 (0.14%) Grafana
7 1 (0.14%) MIIS
7 1 (0.14%) Netcool
7 1 (0.14%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.14%) Salt
7 1 (0.14%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 54 (7.80%) Oracle
2 39 (5.64%) Microsoft
3 18 (2.60%) MuleSoft
4 9 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
5 7 (1.01%) Google
6 6 (0.87%) Talend
7 5 (0.72%) Solace
7 5 (0.72%) Sybase
8 4 (0.58%) Nintex
8 4 (0.58%) SAP
8 4 (0.58%) TIBCO
9 3 (0.43%) Adobe
9 3 (0.43%) Apple
9 3 (0.43%) Murex
9 3 (0.43%) UiPath
9 3 (0.43%) VMware
10 2 (0.29%) Cadence
10 2 (0.29%) Citrix
10 2 (0.29%) IBM
10 2 (0.29%) OpenText