Period
to 28 September 2021

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
28 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 3 1 2
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 -1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,062 497 1,730
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 28.61% 27.95% 28.20%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.82% 30.25% 29.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 852 384 1,450
10th Percentile £413 £363 £406
25th Percentile £500 £450 £463
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £688 £633 £613
90th Percentile £774 £707 £675
Central London median daily rate £600 £545 £525
% change year-on-year +10.09% +3.81% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 2
10th Percentile £65.73 £24.95 £11.45
25th Percentile £66.44 £27.13 £13.25
Median hourly rate £68.25 £31.50 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +116.67% +90.91% +13.79%
75th Percentile £69.44 £36.13 £19.75
90th Percentile £69.78 £38.45 £21.55
Central London median hourly rate £68.25 £31.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year +116.67% +90.91% +13.79%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 3,446 1,643 5,784
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.83% 92.41% 94.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,578 1,221 4,575
10th Percentile £358 £313 £316
25th Percentile £456 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £513
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.44% +2.50%
75th Percentile £650 £600 £600
90th Percentile £738 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £500 £501
% change year-on-year +10.00% -0.20% +0.20%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 27 70
10th Percentile £13.68 £16.00 £11.25
25th Percentile £15.71 £20.00 £12.57
Median hourly rate £28.00 £36.00 £17.83
Median % change year-on-year -22.22% +101.91% -4.65%
75th Percentile £37.75 £46.88 £23.35
90th Percentile £62.55 £54.10 £45.00
Central London median hourly rate £27.75 £35.50 £19.50
% change year-on-year -21.83% +82.05% +4.28%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 28 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 28 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge - 7 £625 -
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 28 September 2021, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 424 (39.92%) Agile Software Development
2 352 (33.15%) Java
3 306 (28.81%) TDD
4 301 (28.34%) Finance
5 274 (25.80%) SQL
6 244 (22.98%) Azure
7 223 (21.00%) Banking
8 216 (20.34%) JavaScript
9 215 (20.24%) C#
10 192 (18.08%) DevOps
11 184 (17.33%) Microservices
11 184 (17.33%) .NET
12 180 (16.95%) AWS
13 177 (16.67%) React
14 169 (15.91%) Git (software)
15 166 (15.63%) Python
16 164 (15.44%) AngularJS
17 147 (13.84%) Front Office
18 145 (13.65%) Spring
19 140 (13.18%) HTML
20 139 (13.09%) Full Stack Development
21 136 (12.81%) Docker
22 129 (12.15%) CSS
23 125 (11.77%) TypeScript
24 114 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
25 108 (10.17%) SQL Server
26 105 (9.89%) Node.js
27 103 (9.70%) Investment Banking
27 103 (9.70%) Software Engineering
28 102 (9.60%) BDD

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (3.58%) SharePoint
2 22 (2.07%) Apache Spark
3 15 (1.41%) CMS
4 11 (1.04%) Apache
4 11 (1.04%) nginx
5 10 (0.94%) Confluence
6 8 (0.75%) SharePoint 2010
7 7 (0.66%) IIS
8 6 (0.56%) Moodle
8 6 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.38%) Appian
9 4 (0.38%) Drupal
9 4 (0.38%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (0.38%) JBoss
9 4 (0.38%) WordPress
10 3 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
10 3 (0.28%) Red Hat Fuse
10 3 (0.28%) SAS
10 3 (0.28%) Tornado
10 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
Applications
1 37 (3.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (0.75%) InfoPath
3 7 (0.66%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 3 (0.28%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.19%) Chatbot
5 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (0.66%) ION MarketView
2 5 (0.47%) Summit
2 5 (0.47%) SunGard Martini
3 4 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.38%) Magento
4 3 (0.28%) FINCAD Analytics
5 2 (0.19%) CA PPM
5 2 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.094%) Adobe Campaign
6 1 (0.094%) Front Arena
6 1 (0.094%) Global One
6 1 (0.094%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.094%) Northgate Housing
6 1 (0.094%) OpenText VIM for SAP
6 1 (0.094%) RMDS
6 1 (0.094%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 244 (22.98%) Azure
2 180 (16.95%) AWS
3 43 (4.05%) Power Platform
4 35 (3.30%) GitHub
5 30 (2.82%) GCP
6 26 (2.45%) Serverless
7 25 (2.35%) Microsoft 365
8 16 (1.51%) SaaS
9 15 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
10 13 (1.22%) Power Automate
11 12 (1.13%) PowerApps
12 11 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
13 10 (0.94%) Azure Data Factory
14 9 (0.85%) Slack
15 8 (0.75%) Azure Functions
15 8 (0.75%) Workato
16 7 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
16 7 (0.66%) Amazon SQS
16 7 (0.66%) Azure Logic Apps
16 7 (0.66%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 10 (0.94%) HTTP
2 8 (0.75%) BGP
3 7 (0.66%) TCP/IP
4 5 (0.47%) Internet
5 2 (0.19%) Broadband
5 2 (0.19%) LAN
5 2 (0.19%) VoIP
6 1 (0.094%) AMQP
6 1 (0.094%) DNS
6 1 (0.094%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 108 (10.17%) SQL Server
2 39 (3.67%) Power BI
3 35 (3.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 32 (3.01%) Data Warehouse
5 30 (2.82%) NoSQL
6 29 (2.73%) Tableau
7 26 (2.45%) MySQL
7 26 (2.45%) Oracle Database
8 23 (2.17%) Relational Database
9 22 (2.07%) Big Data
10 19 (1.79%) MongoDB
10 19 (1.79%) PostgreSQL
11 14 (1.32%) Hazelcast
12 12 (1.13%) Hadoop
12 12 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 11 (1.04%) Redis
14 9 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
14 9 (0.85%) RDBMS
14 9 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 9 (0.85%) Tableau Server
Development Applications
1 169 (15.91%) Git (software)
2 84 (7.91%) Jenkins
3 56 (5.27%) JIRA
4 51 (4.80%) Visual Studio
5 26 (2.45%) Maven
6 18 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
7 16 (1.51%) JUnit
8 15 (1.41%) Cucumber
9 13 (1.22%) Jasmine
9 13 (1.22%) Subversion
9 13 (1.22%) TeamCity
9 13 (1.22%) webpack
10 11 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 10 (0.94%) Team Foundation Server
12 9 (0.85%) Karma Test Runner
12 9 (0.85%) Mockito
13 8 (0.75%) Bitbucket
13 8 (0.75%) gulp
14 7 (0.66%) Grunt
14 7 (0.66%) JSUnit
General
1 301 (28.34%) Finance
2 223 (21.00%) Banking
3 147 (13.84%) Front Office
4 103 (9.70%) Investment Banking
5 87 (8.19%) Social Skills
6 38 (3.58%) Analytical Skills
7 31 (2.92%) Retail
8 25 (2.35%) Games
9 14 (1.32%) Marketing
9 14 (1.32%) Public Sector
10 11 (1.04%) Legal
11 8 (0.75%) Financial Institution
11 8 (0.75%) Publishing
12 6 (0.56%) Telecoms
13 5 (0.47%) Advertising
14 4 (0.38%) Documentation Skills
14 4 (0.38%) International Banking
15 3 (0.28%) Law
15 3 (0.28%) Manufacturing
16 2 (0.19%) Prime Brokerage
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 184 (17.33%) .NET
2 177 (16.67%) React
3 164 (15.44%) AngularJS
4 145 (13.65%) Spring
5 140 (13.18%) HTML
6 129 (12.15%) CSS
7 105 (9.89%) Node.js
8 75 (7.06%) RESTful
9 69 (6.50%) Web Services
10 62 (5.84%) Spring Boot
11 61 (5.74%) HTML5
12 58 (5.46%) Kafka
13 46 (4.33%) Redux
13 46 (4.33%) REST
14 43 (4.05%) Sass
15 42 (3.95%) CSS3
16 41 (3.86%) .NET Framework
17 40 (3.77%) jQuery
18 36 (3.39%) GraphQL
18 36 (3.39%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 80 (7.53%) Fixed Income
1 80 (7.53%) Greenfield Project
2 78 (7.34%) Derivative
3 75 (7.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 45 (4.24%) User Experience
5 36 (3.39%) Data Structures
6 35 (3.30%) Equities
7 34 (3.20%) Market Risk
8 30 (2.82%) Enterprise Software
8 30 (2.82%) Interest Rate Derivative
8 30 (2.82%) Mobile App
9 24 (2.26%) Credit Risk
10 16 (1.51%) Management Information System
11 15 (1.41%) Self-Motivation
12 14 (1.32%) Algorithms
12 14 (1.32%) Client/Server
13 13 (1.22%) Hedge funds
14 10 (0.94%) Legacy Systems
15 9 (0.85%) Public Cloud
16 7 (0.66%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 39 (3.67%) Linux
2 28 (2.64%) Windows
3 27 (2.54%) Android
3 27 (2.54%) Apple iOS
4 15 (1.41%) Unix
5 4 (0.38%) Windows Server
6 3 (0.28%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 1 (0.094%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.094%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 424 (39.92%) Agile Software Development
2 306 (28.81%) TDD
3 192 (18.08%) DevOps
4 184 (17.33%) Microservices
5 139 (13.09%) Full Stack Development
6 114 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
7 103 (9.70%) Software Engineering
8 102 (9.60%) BDD
9 84 (7.91%) Scrum
10 83 (7.82%) Multithreading
11 76 (7.16%) Electronic Trading
12 68 (6.40%) Test Automation
13 66 (6.21%) Front End Development
14 65 (6.12%) Low Latency
15 62 (5.84%) SDLC
16 61 (5.74%) MVC
17 56 (5.27%) Web Development
18 55 (5.18%) Analytics
18 55 (5.18%) Unit Testing
19 53 (4.99%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 352 (33.15%) Java
2 274 (25.80%) SQL
3 216 (20.34%) JavaScript
4 215 (20.24%) C#
5 166 (15.63%) Python
6 125 (11.77%) TypeScript
7 61 (5.74%) C++
8 47 (4.43%) Kotlin
9 45 (4.24%) Scala
10 43 (4.05%) Java 8
11 41 (3.86%) PHP
12 38 (3.58%) Java 11
12 38 (3.58%) VBA
13 29 (2.73%) T-SQL
14 24 (2.26%) PowerShell
15 23 (2.17%) VB
16 22 (2.07%) VB.NET
17 20 (1.88%) PL/SQL
17 20 (1.88%) Ruby
18 18 (1.69%) C
Qualifications
1 30 (2.82%) Degree
2 16 (1.51%) Computer Science Degree
3 13 (1.22%) Security Cleared
4 12 (1.13%) SC Cleared
5 5 (0.47%) Sun Certification
6 4 (0.38%) AWS Certification
7 3 (0.28%) OCPJP
8 2 (0.19%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.094%) BC Cleared
9 1 (0.094%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.094%) ITIL Certification
9 1 (0.094%) Numerate Degree
9 1 (0.094%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (2.17%) QA
2 10 (0.94%) Accessibility
3 4 (0.38%) PMO
3 4 (0.38%) WCAG
4 3 (0.28%) Basel III
4 3 (0.28%) CRD IV
4 3 (0.28%) EMIR
4 3 (0.28%) MiFID
5 2 (0.19%) GDPR
5 2 (0.19%) SLA
6 1 (0.094%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.094%) Solvency II
System Software
1 136 (12.81%) Docker
2 4 (0.38%) Platform Symphony
3 1 (0.094%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.094%) Terminal Server
3 1 (0.094%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 86 (8.10%) Kubernetes
2 19 (1.79%) Ansible
3 16 (1.51%) Terraform
4 5 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
5 4 (0.38%) Grafana
5 4 (0.38%) Prometheus
6 3 (0.28%) Marathon
6 3 (0.28%) Puppet
7 2 (0.19%) Bugsnag
7 2 (0.19%) Control-M
7 2 (0.19%) Kibana
7 2 (0.19%) Mesos
Vendors
1 97 (9.13%) Oracle
2 39 (3.67%) Microsoft
3 26 (2.45%) Salesforce.com
4 14 (1.32%) Google
4 14 (1.32%) ION Trading
5 10 (0.94%) Nintex
6 9 (0.85%) Alteryx
6 9 (0.85%) Sybase
7 7 (0.66%) ServiceNow
7 7 (0.66%) Solace
8 6 (0.56%) Adobe
8 6 (0.56%) Databricks
8 6 (0.56%) Splunk
9 5 (0.47%) SunGard
10 4 (0.38%) Cisco
10 4 (0.38%) Juniper
10 4 (0.38%) MuleSoft
10 4 (0.38%) Murex
10 4 (0.38%) TIBCO
10 4 (0.38%) Workday