Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £600 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
4 Jul 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 3 2 1
Rank change year-on-year -1 -1 +2
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,054 938 782
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 24.11% 29.34% 28.54%
As % of the Job Titles category 25.81% 31.32% 30.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 847 765 614
10th Percentile £439 £407 £375
25th Percentile £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £600 £525
Median % change year-on-year - +14.29% -
75th Percentile £725 £675 £625
90th Percentile £814 £738 £688
Central London median daily rate £600 £600 £525
% change year-on-year - +14.29% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 3
10th Percentile - - £29.30
25th Percentile £51.25 - £38.00
Median hourly rate £52.50 - £55.00
75th Percentile £65.38 - £59.38
90th Percentile £72.35 - £60.50
Central London median hourly rate £52.50 - £55.00
% change year-on-year - - +233.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 4,083 2,995 2,566
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.39% 93.68% 93.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,018 2,197 1,925
10th Percentile £358 £350 £306
25th Percentile £463 £450 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £563 £550 £500
Median % change year-on-year +2.27% +10.00% -2.44%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £600
90th Percentile £775 £713 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £544 £500
% change year-on-year +1.10% +8.80% -2.44%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 39 37
10th Percentile £17.10 £12.30 £12.47
25th Percentile £25.94 £14.06 £14.38
Median hourly rate £44.50 £23.00 £26.00
Median % change year-on-year +93.48% -11.54% +30.00%
75th Percentile £55.38 £31.08 £38.75
90th Percentile £64.55 £38.65 £54.10
Central London median hourly rate £43.00 £23.00 £26.22
% change year-on-year +86.96% -12.28% +31.10%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 4 July 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 4 July 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London Bridge +6 3 £500 -16.67%
Moorgate - 2 £565 -
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 4 July 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 372 (35.29%) Agile
2 357 (33.87%) Java
3 294 (27.89%) Finance
4 268 (25.43%) JavaScript
5 247 (23.43%) TDD
6 228 (21.63%) SQL
7 223 (21.16%) Banking
8 207 (19.64%) C#
9 204 (19.35%) Microservices
10 200 (18.98%) .NET
11 175 (16.60%) HTML
11 175 (16.60%) Front Office
12 173 (16.41%) React
12 173 (16.41%) CI/CD
13 151 (14.33%) Python
14 150 (14.23%) Azure
15 149 (14.14%) DevOps
16 142 (13.47%) AWS
17 138 (13.09%) Social Skills
18 132 (12.52%) CSS
19 129 (12.24%) Docker
19 129 (12.24%) Full Stack Development
20 128 (12.14%) Git (software)
21 127 (12.05%) Spring
22 121 (11.48%) SQL Server
23 119 (11.29%) REST
24 104 (9.87%) AngularJS
25 100 (9.49%) Kubernetes
26 97 (9.20%) Multithreading
27 96 (9.11%) Software Engineering

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 35 (3.32%) Confluence
2 19 (1.80%) Apache
2 19 (1.80%) SharePoint
3 15 (1.42%) Apache Spark
4 12 (1.14%) Tomcat
5 10 (0.95%) CMS
6 9 (0.85%) Drupal
6 9 (0.85%) WebLogic
7 7 (0.66%) JBoss
8 6 (0.57%) IIS
9 5 (0.47%) Apache Solr
9 5 (0.47%) IBM HTTP Server
10 4 (0.38%) Apache Pig
11 3 (0.28%) Anypoint
11 3 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
11 3 (0.28%) Cloud Foundry
11 3 (0.28%) Headless CMS
11 3 (0.28%) Oracle Coherence
11 3 (0.28%) WordPress
12 2 (0.19%) GlassFish
Applications
1 12 (1.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 2 (0.19%) InfoPath
3 1 (0.095%) Adobe Illustrator
3 1 (0.095%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (0.47%) Endur
2 4 (0.38%) Dynamics CRM
3 3 (0.28%) Visualfiles
4 2 (0.19%) FINCAD Analytics
4 2 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
4 2 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.19%) PeopleSoft HRMS
4 2 (0.19%) SAP S/4HANA
4 2 (0.19%) WebTrends
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.095%) Oracle Utilities
5 1 (0.095%) Orchestrade
5 1 (0.095%) RMDS
5 1 (0.095%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.095%) SAP BPC
5 1 (0.095%) Temenos Globus
5 1 (0.095%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.095%) TIBCO iProcess
Cloud Services
1 150 (14.23%) Azure
2 142 (13.47%) AWS
3 32 (3.04%) Azure DevOps
3 32 (3.04%) GitHub
3 32 (3.04%) Power Platform
4 31 (2.94%) GCP
5 29 (2.75%) Serverless
6 21 (1.99%) AWS Lambda
7 20 (1.90%) Datadog
8 18 (1.71%) Amazon EC2
8 18 (1.71%) SaaS
9 15 (1.42%) Power Automate
10 14 (1.33%) PowerApps
11 13 (1.23%) AWS CloudFormation
12 12 (1.14%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.95%) Azure Data Factory
14 9 (0.85%) Cloud Computing
14 9 (0.85%) Google Analytics
14 9 (0.85%) IaaS
15 8 (0.76%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 9 (0.85%) HTTP
1 9 (0.85%) Internet
2 6 (0.57%) DNS
3 4 (0.38%) HTTPS
4 3 (0.28%) LAN
4 3 (0.28%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.19%) AMQP
5 2 (0.19%) Firewall
5 2 (0.19%) Intranet
5 2 (0.19%) SSL
6 1 (0.095%) Broadband
6 1 (0.095%) FTP
6 1 (0.095%) IPFS
6 1 (0.095%) Kerberos
6 1 (0.095%) MQTT
6 1 (0.095%) S/MIME
6 1 (0.095%) SMS
6 1 (0.095%) SMTP
6 1 (0.095%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 121 (11.48%) SQL Server
2 62 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
3 46 (4.36%) NoSQL
4 41 (3.89%) Relational Database
5 37 (3.51%) MySQL
6 31 (2.94%) MongoDB
7 23 (2.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 22 (2.09%) Power BI
9 21 (1.99%) DynamoDB
9 21 (1.99%) Redis
10 20 (1.90%) Big Data
10 20 (1.90%) RDBMS
11 19 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
12 18 (1.71%) Data Warehouse
13 17 (1.61%) Oracle Database
14 11 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 9 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 8 (0.76%) Amazon RDS
17 7 (0.66%) Data Lake
17 7 (0.66%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 128 (12.14%) Git (software)
2 72 (6.83%) JIRA
3 59 (5.60%) Jenkins
4 47 (4.46%) Maven
4 47 (4.46%) TeamCity
5 45 (4.27%) Cucumber
6 23 (2.18%) JUnit
7 21 (1.99%) Visual Studio
8 17 (1.61%) Gradle
8 17 (1.61%) NUnit
8 17 (1.61%) webpack
9 16 (1.52%) GitLab
10 15 (1.42%) Moq
11 14 (1.33%) git-flow
12 12 (1.14%) IntelliJ
12 12 (1.14%) Mockito
13 11 (1.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 11 (1.04%) Selenium
14 10 (0.95%) Cypress.io
15 9 (0.85%) gulp
General
1 294 (27.89%) Finance
2 223 (21.16%) Banking
3 175 (16.60%) Front Office
4 138 (13.09%) Social Skills
5 90 (8.54%) Investment Banking
6 52 (4.93%) Financial Institution
7 44 (4.17%) Analytical Skills
7 44 (4.17%) Legal
8 23 (2.18%) Games
9 22 (2.09%) Retail
10 20 (1.90%) Publishing
11 12 (1.14%) Documentation Skills
12 10 (0.95%) Advertising
13 9 (0.85%) International Banking
14 7 (0.66%) Marketing
15 6 (0.57%) Public Sector
16 4 (0.38%) Automotive
16 4 (0.38%) Law
16 4 (0.38%) Organisational Skills
16 4 (0.38%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 200 (18.98%) .NET
2 175 (16.60%) HTML
3 173 (16.41%) React
4 132 (12.52%) CSS
5 127 (12.05%) Spring
6 119 (11.29%) REST
7 104 (9.87%) AngularJS
8 94 (8.92%) Kafka
9 91 (8.63%) Node.js
10 89 (8.44%) HTML5
11 69 (6.55%) RESTful
12 65 (6.17%) Spring Boot
13 62 (5.88%) .NET Core
14 59 (5.60%) ASP.NET
15 48 (4.55%) .NET Framework
16 42 (3.98%) Web Services
17 40 (3.80%) Redux
18 39 (3.70%) CSS3
19 34 (3.23%) XML
20 32 (3.04%) GraphQL
Miscellaneous
1 67 (6.36%) Greenfield Project
2 62 (5.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 48 (4.55%) User Experience
4 45 (4.27%) Hedge funds
5 44 (4.17%) Fixed Income
6 36 (3.42%) Derivative
7 27 (2.56%) Enterprise Software
8 21 (1.99%) Cloud Native
9 20 (1.90%) Data Structures
10 18 (1.71%) Credit Risk
11 15 (1.42%) Algorithms
12 14 (1.33%) Market Risk
13 13 (1.23%) Equities
14 12 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
15 10 (0.95%) Mobile App
16 9 (0.85%) Clustering
16 9 (0.85%) Management Information System
17 7 (0.66%) Social Media
18 6 (0.57%) Linux Command Line
18 6 (0.57%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 36 (3.42%) Linux
2 24 (2.28%) Windows
3 19 (1.80%) Unix
4 15 (1.42%) Android
5 9 (0.85%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.095%) AIX
6 1 (0.095%) Mesosphere
6 1 (0.095%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 372 (35.29%) Agile
2 247 (23.43%) TDD
3 204 (19.35%) Microservices
4 173 (16.41%) CI/CD
5 149 (14.14%) DevOps
6 129 (12.24%) Full Stack Development
7 97 (9.20%) Multithreading
8 96 (9.11%) Software Engineering
9 93 (8.82%) Test Automation
10 86 (8.16%) Continuous Integration
10 86 (8.16%) OO
11 85 (8.06%) Electronic Trading
12 81 (7.69%) Scrum
13 77 (7.31%) Unit Testing
14 67 (6.36%) Front End Development
15 65 (6.17%) Fintech
16 61 (5.79%) Low Latency
17 60 (5.69%) Problem-Solving
18 51 (4.84%) Analytics
19 50 (4.74%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 357 (33.87%) Java
2 268 (25.43%) JavaScript
3 228 (21.63%) SQL
4 207 (19.64%) C#
5 151 (14.33%) Python
6 96 (9.11%) TypeScript
7 59 (5.60%) C++
8 55 (5.22%) Kotlin
9 37 (3.51%) PHP
10 29 (2.75%) Scala
11 27 (2.56%) Ruby
12 24 (2.28%) ES6
12 24 (2.28%) PL/SQL
13 17 (1.61%) T-SQL
14 15 (1.42%) C
14 15 (1.42%) Go
15 14 (1.33%) PowerShell
16 11 (1.04%) Bash
17 9 (0.85%) Apex Code
17 9 (0.85%) VBA
Qualifications
1 40 (3.80%) Degree
2 32 (3.04%) Security Cleared
3 25 (2.37%) SC Cleared
4 14 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.28%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.19%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.19%) Tableau Certification
8 1 (0.095%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.095%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.095%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.095%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.095%) PhD
8 1 (0.095%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 39 (3.70%) GDPR
2 29 (2.75%) QA
3 18 (1.71%) PMO
4 12 (1.14%) Accessibility
5 3 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.28%) EMIR
5 3 (0.28%) MiFID
5 3 (0.28%) WCAG
6 1 (0.095%) CDISC
6 1 (0.095%) COREP
6 1 (0.095%) FINREP
6 1 (0.095%) IFRS
6 1 (0.095%) IFRS 17
6 1 (0.095%) LOINC
6 1 (0.095%) SNOMED CT
6 1 (0.095%) Solvency II
System Software
1 129 (12.24%) Docker
2 6 (0.57%) Virtual Machines
3 3 (0.28%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.095%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.095%) VMware Infrastructure
4 1 (0.095%) VMware NSX
4 1 (0.095%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 100 (9.49%) Kubernetes
2 46 (4.36%) Terraform
3 21 (1.99%) Ansible
4 5 (0.47%) Control-M
5 4 (0.38%) Grafana
5 4 (0.38%) Prometheus
5 4 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
6 2 (0.19%) Kibana
6 2 (0.19%) logstash
6 2 (0.19%) Microsoft Intune
7 1 (0.095%) Ambari
7 1 (0.095%) Opscode Chef
7 1 (0.095%) PowerCLI
7 1 (0.095%) Puppet
7 1 (0.095%) vRealize
7 1 (0.095%) vRealize Orchestrator
7 1 (0.095%) WMI
Vendors
1 92 (8.73%) Oracle
2 84 (7.97%) Microsoft
3 24 (2.28%) Google
4 21 (1.99%) DevExpress
4 21 (1.99%) TIBCO
5 15 (1.42%) ServiceNow
6 14 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
7 13 (1.23%) Zend
8 10 (0.95%) Sybase
9 8 (0.76%) Atlassian
9 8 (0.76%) Sitecore
10 7 (0.66%) Bloomberg
10 7 (0.66%) MuleSoft
10 7 (0.66%) Murex
10 7 (0.66%) OpenLink
11 6 (0.57%) Databricks
12 4 (0.38%) IBM
12 4 (0.38%) SolarWinds
13 3 (0.28%) ION Trading
13 3 (0.28%) SAP