Period
to 19 June 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
19 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 3 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,781 2,309 2,128
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 27.65% 33.47% 34.29%
As % of the Job Titles category 29.49% 35.32% 35.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,451 1,974 1,751
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £413 £363 £338
90th Percentile £685 £713 £663
Central London median daily rate £525 £505 £493
% change year-on-year +3.96% +2.54% +6.49%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 11 2
City of London median hourly rate £84.00 £21.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +290.70% -43.42% -23.23%
10th Percentile £34.55 £13.25 £33.15
90th Percentile £133.45 £33.75 £42.45
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year +62.79% -43.42% -23.23%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 6,040 6,537 5,956
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.76% 94.77% 95.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,671 5,161 4,576
City of London median daily rate £520 £500 £490
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.00% +2.04% +3.16%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £688 £663
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 110 71
City of London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £17.77
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.30% +5.23% -10.00%
10th Percentile £11.25 £12.45 £12.52
90th Percentile £56.50 £33.90 £30.07
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £17.00
% change year-on-year +12.30% +10.00% -14.97%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 19 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 19 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -1 115 £525 +10.53%
Moorgate -17 5 - -
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 19 June 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 760 (42.67%) Agile Software Development
2 619 (34.76%) Java
3 554 (31.11%) JavaScript
4 460 (25.83%) Finance
5 446 (25.04%) TDD
6 403 (22.63%) SQL
7 384 (21.56%) HTML
8 345 (19.37%) CSS
9 314 (17.63%) Microservices
10 308 (17.29%) C#
11 290 (16.28%) React
12 262 (14.71%) .NET
13 254 (14.26%) Python
14 246 (13.81%) Banking
15 240 (13.48%) AngularJS
16 231 (12.97%) Docker
17 229 (12.86%) SQL Server
18 221 (12.41%) Git (software)
19 205 (11.51%) Node.js
19 205 (11.51%) Spring
20 204 (11.45%) Microsoft Azure
21 197 (11.06%) Amazon AWS
22 184 (10.33%) HTML5
23 174 (9.77%) BDD
23 174 (9.77%) RESTful
24 171 (9.60%) DevOps
25 165 (9.26%) Scrum
26 164 (9.21%) Greenfield Project
27 155 (8.70%) REST
28 150 (8.42%) Kubernetes

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (4.44%) Elasticsearch
2 63 (3.54%) Apache Spark
3 51 (2.86%) Confluence
4 33 (1.85%) SharePoint
5 26 (1.46%) CMS
6 24 (1.35%) Apache
7 12 (0.67%) JBoss
7 12 (0.67%) WordPress
8 11 (0.62%) WebLogic
9 10 (0.56%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 10 (0.56%) WebSphere
10 9 (0.51%) Drupal
11 7 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
11 7 (0.39%) IPython
11 7 (0.39%) Umbraco
12 6 (0.34%) Gunicorn
12 6 (0.34%) Magnolia
13 5 (0.28%) EPiServer
13 5 (0.28%) Mule
13 5 (0.28%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
Applications
1 42 (2.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (0.22%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.22%) Sketch
4 3 (0.17%) Acrobat
4 3 (0.17%) InDesign
4 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
5 2 (0.11%) Mingle
6 1 (0.056%) Adobe XD
6 1 (0.056%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.056%) UXPin
6 1 (0.056%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 25 (1.40%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
3 5 (0.28%) BusinessWorks
3 5 (0.28%) Markit EDM
4 4 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
5 3 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
5 3 (0.17%) Magento
5 3 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
5 3 (0.17%) Sage 200
6 2 (0.11%) Eloqua
6 2 (0.11%) Global One
6 2 (0.11%) MultiChain
6 2 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
6 2 (0.11%) Quorum
7 1 (0.056%) BASE24
7 1 (0.056%) Decalog
7 1 (0.056%) Endur
7 1 (0.056%) Infor CRM
7 1 (0.056%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 204 (11.45%) Microsoft Azure
2 197 (11.06%) Amazon AWS
3 75 (4.21%) Power Platform
4 57 (3.20%) Serverless
5 46 (2.58%) Google Cloud Platform
6 34 (1.91%) GitHub
7 30 (1.68%) AWS Lambda
8 26 (1.46%) Dynamics 365
9 20 (1.12%) Azure Functions
10 17 (0.95%) Amazon SQS
11 16 (0.90%) Office 365
12 15 (0.84%) PaaS
13 13 (0.73%) Amazon EC2
13 13 (0.73%) Amazon S3
13 13 (0.73%) Heroku
13 13 (0.73%) npm
14 11 (0.62%) Apigee
14 11 (0.62%) Azure Data Factory
15 10 (0.56%) AWS CloudFormation
16 9 (0.51%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 36 (2.02%) HTTP
2 17 (0.95%) TCP/IP
3 16 (0.90%) FTP
3 16 (0.90%) SSL
4 13 (0.73%) DNS
5 4 (0.22%) Kerberos
6 3 (0.17%) AMQP
6 3 (0.17%) SMTP
7 2 (0.11%) Firewall
7 2 (0.11%) Internet
7 2 (0.11%) Intranet
7 2 (0.11%) SAN
7 2 (0.11%) Wireshark
8 1 (0.056%) 3GPP
8 1 (0.056%) LAN
8 1 (0.056%) NAS
8 1 (0.056%) NFC
8 1 (0.056%) Reverse Proxy
8 1 (0.056%) SNMP
8 1 (0.056%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 229 (12.86%) SQL Server
2 107 (6.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 85 (4.77%) NoSQL
3 85 (4.77%) PostgreSQL
4 77 (4.32%) MongoDB
4 77 (4.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 75 (4.21%) Power BI
6 73 (4.10%) MySQL
7 72 (4.04%) Relational Database
8 68 (3.82%) Big Data
9 66 (3.71%) Data Warehouse
10 57 (3.20%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 36 (2.02%) Redis
12 35 (1.97%) Apache Cassandra
13 27 (1.52%) Blockchain
14 26 (1.46%) Azure SQL Database
15 25 (1.40%) Hadoop
16 24 (1.35%) Cosmos DB
16 24 (1.35%) Oracle Database
17 20 (1.12%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 221 (12.41%) Git (software)
2 83 (4.66%) Jenkins
3 82 (4.60%) JIRA
4 67 (3.76%) Maven
5 59 (3.31%) webpack
6 43 (2.41%) gulp
6 43 (2.41%) Subversion
7 38 (2.13%) Cucumber
7 38 (2.13%) Selenium
7 38 (2.13%) Team Foundation Server
8 36 (2.02%) JUnit
9 35 (1.97%) Mocha
10 29 (1.63%) Jasmine
10 29 (1.63%) Visual Studio
11 27 (1.52%) TeamCity
12 24 (1.35%) Gradle
13 23 (1.29%) Gatling
13 23 (1.29%) GitLab
14 22 (1.24%) Grunt
15 18 (1.01%) Bitbucket
General
1 460 (25.83%) Finance
2 246 (13.81%) Banking
3 140 (7.86%) Front Office
4 80 (4.49%) Investment Banking
5 64 (3.59%) Retail
6 27 (1.52%) Back Office
7 22 (1.24%) Financial Institution
8 20 (1.12%) Marketing
9 16 (0.90%) Games
9 16 (0.90%) Publishing
10 15 (0.84%) Law
11 11 (0.62%) Advertising
12 9 (0.51%) Retail Banking
12 9 (0.51%) Telecoms
13 5 (0.28%) French Language
13 5 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.22%) Billing
15 3 (0.17%) Legal
16 2 (0.11%) Automotive
16 2 (0.11%) Digital Economy
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 384 (21.56%) HTML
2 345 (19.37%) CSS
3 290 (16.28%) React
4 262 (14.71%) .NET
5 240 (13.48%) AngularJS
6 205 (11.51%) Node.js
6 205 (11.51%) Spring
7 184 (10.33%) HTML5
8 174 (9.77%) RESTful
9 155 (8.70%) REST
10 135 (7.58%) Web Services
11 126 (7.07%) Redux
12 105 (5.90%) Kafka
13 94 (5.28%) Spring Boot
14 85 (4.77%) ASP.NET
15 78 (4.38%) Sass
16 76 (4.27%) XML
17 74 (4.15%) jQuery
18 69 (3.87%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 68 (3.82%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 164 (9.21%) Greenfield Project
2 79 (4.44%) User Experience
3 74 (4.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 69 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
5 55 (3.09%) Equities
6 52 (2.92%) Mobile App
7 47 (2.64%) Data Structures
8 46 (2.58%) Derivative
9 40 (2.25%) Algorithms
10 38 (2.13%) Hedge funds
11 35 (1.97%) Fixed Income
12 34 (1.91%) Equity Derivative
13 31 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
14 24 (1.35%) Data Protection Act
15 16 (0.90%) Self-Motivation
16 14 (0.79%) Client/Server
17 12 (0.67%) Virtual Team
18 10 (0.56%) Linux Command Line
18 10 (0.56%) Market Risk
19 8 (0.45%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 122 (6.85%) Linux
2 49 (2.75%) Unix
3 41 (2.30%) Android
4 40 (2.25%) Apple iOS
4 40 (2.25%) Windows
5 5 (0.28%) Mac OS
5 5 (0.28%) Windows Server 2012
6 4 (0.22%) Mac OS X
6 4 (0.22%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.11%) tvOS
7 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.056%) CentOS
8 1 (0.056%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 760 (42.67%) Agile Software Development
2 446 (25.04%) TDD
3 314 (17.63%) Microservices
4 174 (9.77%) BDD
5 171 (9.60%) DevOps
6 165 (9.26%) Scrum
7 146 (8.20%) Front End Development
8 139 (7.80%) Software Engineering
9 131 (7.36%) SDLC
10 128 (7.19%) MVC
11 126 (7.07%) Fintech
12 114 (6.40%) Business Intelligence
13 109 (6.12%) Continuous Integration
13 109 (6.12%) Test Automation
14 106 (5.95%) OO
15 102 (5.73%) Problem-Solving
16 101 (5.67%) Web Development
17 88 (4.94%) Analytics
17 88 (4.94%) Unit Testing
18 82 (4.60%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 619 (34.76%) Java
2 554 (31.11%) JavaScript
3 403 (22.63%) SQL
4 308 (17.29%) C#
5 254 (14.26%) Python
6 137 (7.69%) Java 8
7 93 (5.22%) TypeScript
8 86 (4.83%) ES6
9 77 (4.32%) Scala
10 69 (3.87%) T-SQL
11 65 (3.65%) PHP
12 57 (3.20%) C++
13 51 (2.86%) Kotlin
14 46 (2.58%) Ruby
15 33 (1.85%) Go
16 28 (1.57%) VBA
17 24 (1.35%) Bash Shell
18 23 (1.29%) PowerShell
19 21 (1.18%) Apex Code
20 20 (1.12%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 63 (3.54%) Degree
2 39 (2.19%) Security Cleared
3 32 (1.80%) SC Cleared
4 18 (1.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 8 (0.45%) PhD
6 7 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
7 6 (0.34%) Master's Degree
8 3 (0.17%) ACCA
8 3 (0.17%) ITIL Certification
9 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
9 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
9 2 (0.11%) SAFe Agilist
10 1 (0.056%) AWS Certification
10 1 (0.056%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.056%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (2.75%) QA
2 15 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 5 (0.28%) PCI DSS
3 5 (0.28%) Solvency II
3 5 (0.28%) WCAG
4 3 (0.17%) SLA
5 2 (0.11%) Basel III
5 2 (0.11%) MiFID
6 1 (0.056%) EMIR
6 1 (0.056%) GDPR
6 1 (0.056%) IFRS
6 1 (0.056%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 231 (12.97%) Docker
2 14 (0.79%) Active Directory
3 9 (0.51%) HDFS
4 4 (0.22%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.17%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.11%) Varnish
7 1 (0.056%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.056%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.056%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.056%) OpenDJ
7 1 (0.056%) OpenIDM
7 1 (0.056%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.056%) zsh
Systems Management
1 150 (8.42%) Kubernetes
2 41 (2.30%) Terraform
3 27 (1.52%) Ansible
4 16 (0.90%) Mesos
5 15 (0.84%) Marathon
6 12 (0.67%) Docker Swarm
7 10 (0.56%) Istio
8 6 (0.34%) Hadoop YARN
9 4 (0.22%) Grafana
10 3 (0.17%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 3 (0.17%) Puppet
10 3 (0.17%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.11%) Kibana
11 2 (0.11%) linkerd
11 2 (0.11%) Opscode Chef
11 2 (0.11%) SCCM
12 1 (0.056%) Automic
12 1 (0.056%) HP ALM
12 1 (0.056%) Prometheus
12 1 (0.056%) rkt
Vendors
1 147 (8.25%) Microsoft
2 67 (3.76%) Oracle
3 60 (3.37%) Google
4 31 (1.74%) Salesforce.com
5 29 (1.63%) Splunk
6 25 (1.40%) Tableau
7 23 (1.29%) Atlassian
8 16 (0.90%) Adobe
8 16 (0.90%) Sybase
9 14 (0.79%) ServiceNow
10 13 (0.73%) TIBCO
11 11 (0.62%) hybris
12 9 (0.51%) Cognos
12 9 (0.51%) IBM
12 9 (0.51%) MuleSoft
13 8 (0.45%) SAP
13 8 (0.45%) Sitecore
13 8 (0.45%) Xamarin
14 6 (0.34%) Informatica
15 5 (0.28%) Hyperion