Period
to 26 January 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,426 2,324 2,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 29.48% 34.20% 33.82%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.58% 36.04% 35.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,195 2,005 2,077
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £390 £409 £363
90th Percentile £688 £688 £713
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £505
% change year-on-year - +3.96% +6.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 4
City of London median hourly rate £63.33 £59.75 £24.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.99% +145.94% -55.21%
10th Percentile £61.67 £26.68 £21.25
90th Percentile £65.00 £92.63 £55.81
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £46.05
% change year-on-year - -23.99% -15.12%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 4,515 6,448 6,726
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.34% 94.88% 94.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,478 5,037 5,355
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
10th Percentile £300 £300 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 65 80 95
City of London median hourly rate £20.50 £18.70 £17.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.63% +10.00% -3.75%
10th Percentile £12.45 £12.98 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.85 £33.08 £31.00
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £18.70 £18.10
% change year-on-year +12.30% +3.31% +5.69%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 26 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +7 24 £500 -4.76% 2
London Bridge -4 18 £475 -9.52% 1
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 January 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 532 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
2 435 (30.50%) Java
3 390 (27.35%) JavaScript
4 342 (23.98%) TDD
5 333 (23.35%) Finance
6 316 (22.16%) SQL
7 274 (19.21%) HTML
8 269 (18.86%) C#
9 260 (18.23%) CSS
10 253 (17.74%) Python
11 229 (16.06%) .NET
11 229 (16.06%) Microservices
12 217 (15.22%) AngularJS
13 190 (13.32%) React
14 183 (12.83%) SQL Server
15 170 (11.92%) Azure
16 167 (11.71%) Greenfield Project
17 165 (11.57%) Banking
18 154 (10.80%) Spring
19 151 (10.59%) AWS
20 136 (9.54%) Front End Development
21 129 (9.05%) Scrum
22 128 (8.98%) Microsoft
23 127 (8.91%) Docker
24 126 (8.84%) BDD
25 124 (8.70%) Git (software)
26 113 (7.92%) Front Office
26 113 (7.92%) DevOps
27 111 (7.78%) Business Intelligence
28 109 (7.64%) Test Automation

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (3.09%) Elasticsearch
2 36 (2.52%) CMS
3 29 (2.03%) SharePoint
4 25 (1.75%) Apache Spark
5 20 (1.40%) Confluence
6 18 (1.26%) Apache
7 16 (1.12%) WordPress
8 14 (0.98%) IIS
9 13 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
10 11 (0.77%) JBoss
11 10 (0.70%) WebLogic
12 9 (0.63%) Umbraco
13 8 (0.56%) Drupal
14 7 (0.49%) Sitecore CMS
14 7 (0.49%) Tomcat
15 6 (0.42%) Jetty
15 6 (0.42%) nginx
16 5 (0.35%) SAS
16 5 (0.35%) SharePoint 2013
16 5 (0.35%) WebSphere
Applications
1 32 (2.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.35%) Photoshop
2 5 (0.35%) Zeplin
3 4 (0.28%) Sketch
4 3 (0.21%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.21%) InVision
4 3 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.14%) Adobe XD
5 2 (0.14%) Lectora
5 2 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 2 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.070%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.070%) Adobe Illustrator
6 1 (0.070%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 24 (1.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.70%) Magento
3 6 (0.42%) Temenos T24
4 5 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.35%) Sophis RISQUE
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle FAH
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle Payables
5 4 (0.28%) Oracle Receivables
6 3 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Cash Management
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
6 3 (0.21%) Oracle Internet Expenses
7 2 (0.14%) Cognos TM1
7 2 (0.14%) HFM
7 2 (0.14%) ION MarketView
7 2 (0.14%) Maximo
7 2 (0.14%) Oracle Financials
7 2 (0.14%) Temenos Globus
Cloud Services
1 170 (11.92%) Azure
2 151 (10.59%) AWS
3 61 (4.28%) Power Platform
4 57 (4.00%) GCP
5 46 (3.23%) GitHub
6 40 (2.81%) Serverless
7 25 (1.75%) Dynamics 365
8 19 (1.33%) PaaS
9 18 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
10 17 (1.19%) Azure Data Factory
10 17 (1.19%) npm
11 16 (1.12%) AWS Lambda
11 16 (1.12%) Office 365
11 16 (1.12%) SaaS
12 11 (0.77%) Azure Active Directory
13 9 (0.63%) Amazon S3
14 8 (0.56%) Amazon Cognito
14 8 (0.56%) Azure Functions
15 7 (0.49%) Data Lake Analytics
16 6 (0.42%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 24 (1.68%) HTTP
2 12 (0.84%) TCP/IP
3 11 (0.77%) FTP
3 11 (0.77%) SSL
4 9 (0.63%) DNS
4 9 (0.63%) Multicast
5 3 (0.21%) Internet
6 2 (0.14%) Firewall
6 2 (0.14%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
6 2 (0.14%) VPN
7 1 (0.070%) AMQP
7 1 (0.070%) Broadband
7 1 (0.070%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.070%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.070%) Intranet
7 1 (0.070%) IPv4
7 1 (0.070%) IPv6
7 1 (0.070%) SMTP
7 1 (0.070%) SSH
7 1 (0.070%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 183 (12.83%) SQL Server
2 82 (5.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 70 (4.91%) MySQL
4 60 (4.21%) Power BI
5 58 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
6 56 (3.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 52 (3.65%) NoSQL
8 47 (3.30%) MongoDB
9 45 (3.16%) PostgreSQL
10 39 (2.73%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 28 (1.96%) Relational Database
12 26 (1.82%) Azure SQL Database
13 24 (1.68%) Hadoop
14 18 (1.26%) Big Data
14 18 (1.26%) Oracle Database
14 18 (1.26%) Redis
15 17 (1.19%) Data Lake
16 15 (1.05%) SQL Server 2016
17 14 (0.98%) Oracle Reports
18 11 (0.77%) KDB
Development Applications
1 124 (8.70%) Git (software)
2 54 (3.79%) Jenkins
3 53 (3.72%) JIRA
4 51 (3.58%) TeamCity
5 36 (2.52%) Visual Studio
6 30 (2.10%) Maven
7 25 (1.75%) gulp
7 25 (1.75%) Team Foundation Server
8 23 (1.61%) JUnit
9 22 (1.54%) webpack
10 21 (1.47%) Octopus Deploy
11 18 (1.26%) Gradle
11 18 (1.26%) Selenium
12 17 (1.19%) Mockito
13 16 (1.12%) GitLab
14 14 (0.98%) Grunt
14 14 (0.98%) Jasmine
14 14 (0.98%) Subversion
15 12 (0.84%) Cucumber
16 11 (0.77%) Bitbucket
General
1 333 (23.35%) Finance
2 165 (11.57%) Banking
3 113 (7.92%) Front Office
4 51 (3.58%) Investment Banking
5 32 (2.24%) Marketing
6 26 (1.82%) Advertising
7 23 (1.61%) Games
8 22 (1.54%) Law
8 22 (1.54%) Retail
9 16 (1.12%) Financial Institution
9 16 (1.12%) Public Sector
10 11 (0.77%) Back Office
11 8 (0.56%) Publishing
12 7 (0.49%) Telecoms
13 6 (0.42%) International Banking
14 5 (0.35%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.28%) Automotive
16 3 (0.21%) Electronics
16 3 (0.21%) Manufacturing
17 2 (0.14%) Legal
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 274 (19.21%) HTML
2 260 (18.23%) CSS
3 229 (16.06%) .NET
4 217 (15.22%) AngularJS
5 190 (13.32%) React
6 154 (10.80%) Spring
7 106 (7.43%) REST
8 100 (7.01%) Node.js
9 98 (6.87%) RESTful
10 94 (6.59%) Web Services
11 89 (6.24%) Redux
12 83 (5.82%) HTML5
13 79 (5.54%) Kafka
14 78 (5.47%) Spring Boot
15 52 (3.65%) .NET Core
15 52 (3.65%) ASP.NET
16 46 (3.23%) CSS3
17 44 (3.09%) .NET Framework
18 43 (3.02%) XML
19 42 (2.95%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 167 (11.71%) Greenfield Project
2 73 (5.12%) User Experience
3 43 (3.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 39 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
5 38 (2.66%) Equities
6 30 (2.10%) Hedge funds
7 28 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
8 27 (1.89%) Data Structures
9 26 (1.82%) Derivative
9 26 (1.82%) Self-Motivation
10 25 (1.75%) Mobile App
11 21 (1.47%) Algorithms
12 19 (1.33%) Fixed Income
13 12 (0.84%) Market Risk
14 10 (0.70%) Virtual Team
15 8 (0.56%) iPad
15 8 (0.56%) W3C
16 7 (0.49%) Credit Risk
16 7 (0.49%) Equity Derivative
17 6 (0.42%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 70 (4.91%) Linux
2 38 (2.66%) Unix
3 36 (2.52%) Android
4 34 (2.38%) Apple iOS
5 28 (1.96%) Windows
6 4 (0.28%) VMS
7 3 (0.21%) Mac OS X
8 2 (0.14%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 2 (0.14%) Solaris
8 2 (0.14%) Ubuntu
8 2 (0.14%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.070%) Windows 7
9 1 (0.070%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 532 (37.31%) Agile Software Development
2 342 (23.98%) TDD
3 229 (16.06%) Microservices
4 136 (9.54%) Front End Development
5 129 (9.05%) Scrum
6 126 (8.84%) BDD
7 113 (7.92%) DevOps
8 111 (7.78%) Business Intelligence
9 109 (7.64%) Test Automation
10 105 (7.36%) Continuous Integration
11 92 (6.45%) OO
12 88 (6.17%) Multithreading
13 81 (5.68%) Web Development
14 76 (5.33%) Software Engineering
15 70 (4.91%) Fintech
16 69 (4.84%) Unit Testing
17 67 (4.70%) SDLC
18 66 (4.63%) Pair Programming
19 62 (4.35%) MVC
20 60 (4.21%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 435 (30.50%) Java
2 390 (27.35%) JavaScript
3 316 (22.16%) SQL
4 269 (18.86%) C#
5 253 (17.74%) Python
6 99 (6.94%) TypeScript
7 80 (5.61%) Java 8
8 69 (4.84%) PHP
9 59 (4.14%) Scala
10 53 (3.72%) Ruby
10 53 (3.72%) T-SQL
11 49 (3.44%) C++
12 41 (2.88%) Kotlin
13 33 (2.31%) ES6
13 33 (2.31%) Go
14 32 (2.24%) PL/SQL
15 28 (1.96%) PowerShell
16 23 (1.61%) Apex Code
17 20 (1.40%) Apple Swift
17 20 (1.40%) VBA
Qualifications
1 72 (5.05%) Degree
2 40 (2.81%) Security Cleared
3 35 (2.45%) SC Cleared
4 19 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (0.28%) MCITP
5 4 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
5 4 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
6 3 (0.21%) BC Cleared
6 3 (0.21%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.14%) CTC Cleared
7 2 (0.14%) ISEB
7 2 (0.14%) ISTQB
7 2 (0.14%) PhD
8 1 (0.070%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.070%) DBS Check
8 1 (0.070%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.070%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 1 (0.070%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 1 (0.070%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 52 (3.65%) QA
2 15 (1.05%) Data Quality
3 10 (0.70%) WCAG
4 5 (0.35%) MiFID
5 4 (0.28%) EMIR
6 1 (0.070%) DICOM
6 1 (0.070%) GxP
6 1 (0.070%) HL7
6 1 (0.070%) PMO
6 1 (0.070%) SLA
System Software
1 127 (8.91%) Docker
2 15 (1.05%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.70%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.28%) HDFS
4 4 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (0.21%) Varnish
6 1 (0.070%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.070%) Firmware
6 1 (0.070%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 94 (6.59%) Kubernetes
2 23 (1.61%) Terraform
3 21 (1.47%) Ansible
4 12 (0.84%) Puppet
5 11 (0.77%) Docker Swarm
6 9 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
7 7 (0.49%) MIIS
8 6 (0.42%) Cobbler
8 6 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
9 5 (0.35%) Istio
10 4 (0.28%) Kibana
10 4 (0.28%) logstash
10 4 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
11 3 (0.21%) Control-M
12 1 (0.070%) Grafana
12 1 (0.070%) ITRS Geneos
12 1 (0.070%) Mesos
12 1 (0.070%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 1 (0.070%) Prometheus
12 1 (0.070%) Rancher
Vendors
1 128 (8.98%) Microsoft
2 91 (6.38%) Oracle
3 62 (4.35%) Google
4 33 (2.31%) Salesforce.com
5 28 (1.96%) Tableau
6 17 (1.19%) Sitecore
7 13 (0.91%) Informatica
7 13 (0.91%) Sybase
8 12 (0.84%) Atlassian
9 10 (0.70%) Adobe
9 10 (0.70%) Facebook
9 10 (0.70%) SAP
10 7 (0.49%) Cognos
10 7 (0.49%) Hyperion
10 7 (0.49%) ServiceNow
10 7 (0.49%) Solace
10 7 (0.49%) SunGard
10 7 (0.49%) Vermilion
11 6 (0.42%) IBM
11 6 (0.42%) Temenos