Period
to 12 July 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 3 1
Rank change year-on-year +2 -2 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 775 1,866 2,411
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 28.62% 27.69% 33.94%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.66% 29.56% 35.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 606 1,556 2,055
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £411 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £713
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £505
% change year-on-year - +3.96% +1.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 12
Median hourly rate £55.00 £84.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -34.52% +290.70% -43.42%
10th Percentile £28.10 £34.55 £12.58
90th Percentile £59.75 £133.45 £32.55
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £84.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year -58.33% +290.70% -39.44%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 2,528 6,313 6,738
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.35% 93.69% 94.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,810 4,909 5,299
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £306 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £513 £500
% change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +3.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 76 122
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +12.30% +5.23%
10th Percentile £12.73 £11.25 £12.53
90th Percentile £48.23 £56.50 £32.70
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £18.70
% change year-on-year +66.67% +12.30% +10.00%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Moorgate +18 3 £450 -
London Bridge +2 2 £400 -23.81%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 272 (35.10%) Agile Software Development
2 259 (33.42%) Java
3 204 (26.32%) Finance
4 184 (23.74%) C#
5 177 (22.84%) SQL
6 157 (20.26%) JavaScript
7 148 (19.10%) TDD
8 137 (17.68%) .NET
9 136 (17.55%) Microservices
10 114 (14.71%) SQL Server
10 114 (14.71%) Banking
11 109 (14.06%) Azure
12 107 (13.81%) Python
13 104 (13.42%) CSS
14 103 (13.29%) Front Office
14 103 (13.29%) React
15 101 (13.03%) HTML
16 93 (12.00%) AngularJS
17 85 (10.97%) Spring
18 83 (10.71%) Docker
19 76 (9.81%) AWS
20 71 (9.16%) Node.js
21 70 (9.03%) Greenfield Project
21 70 (9.03%) Test Automation
22 68 (8.77%) DevOps
23 66 (8.52%) Scrum
24 65 (8.39%) REST
25 64 (8.26%) Kubernetes
25 64 (8.26%) Multithreading
26 62 (8.00%) Microsoft

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (4.13%) Apache Spark
2 28 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (1.29%) Apache
3 10 (1.29%) SharePoint
4 9 (1.16%) CMS
4 9 (1.16%) Confluence
5 8 (1.03%) WordPress
6 5 (0.65%) Drupal
7 4 (0.52%) Cloud Foundry
8 3 (0.39%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.26%) Appian
9 2 (0.26%) BizTalk Server
9 2 (0.26%) Jupyter
9 2 (0.26%) NetWeaver
9 2 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 2 (0.26%) Oracle Workflow
9 2 (0.26%) SAS
9 2 (0.26%) SharePoint 2010
9 2 (0.26%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.13%) IBM HTTP Server
Applications
1 29 (3.74%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (1.16%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.77%) Acrobat
4 2 (0.26%) Figma
4 2 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.13%) Adobe XD
5 1 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.13%) InVision
5 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.13%) Sketch
5 1 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.13%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 9 (1.16%) Magento
2 6 (0.77%) Dynamics CRM
2 6 (0.77%) Sophis RISQUE
3 3 (0.39%) Endur
3 3 (0.39%) Front Arena
4 2 (0.26%) Markit EDM
4 2 (0.26%) Maximo
4 2 (0.26%) PeopleSoft Financials
4 2 (0.26%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.26%) SAP Business ByDesign
4 2 (0.26%) Temenos T24
5 1 (0.13%) Cognos TM1
5 1 (0.13%) Dynamics AX
5 1 (0.13%) ION MarketView
5 1 (0.13%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
5 1 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.13%) Shopify
5 1 (0.13%) Siebel CRM
5 1 (0.13%) Temenos Globus
Cloud Services
1 109 (14.06%) Azure
2 76 (9.81%) AWS
3 36 (4.65%) Power Platform
4 35 (4.52%) GCP
5 17 (2.19%) Serverless
6 16 (2.06%) GitHub
7 8 (1.03%) AWS Lambda
7 8 (1.03%) npm
7 8 (1.03%) SaaS
8 7 (0.90%) Azure Data Factory
8 7 (0.90%) PaaS
9 6 (0.77%) Dynamics 365
9 6 (0.77%) Logic Apps
10 5 (0.65%) Amazon ECS
11 4 (0.52%) Azure Active Directory
11 4 (0.52%) Cloud Computing
11 4 (0.52%) G Suite
12 3 (0.39%) Amazon S3
12 3 (0.39%) Datadog
12 3 (0.39%) Power Automate
Communications & Networking
1 12 (1.55%) SSL
2 8 (1.03%) HTTPS
3 6 (0.77%) HTTP
4 3 (0.39%) DNS
4 3 (0.39%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.26%) FTP
5 2 (0.26%) Multicast
6 1 (0.13%) Broadband
6 1 (0.13%) DSL
6 1 (0.13%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.13%) OpenVPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 114 (14.71%) SQL Server
2 44 (5.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 41 (5.29%) Data Warehouse
4 36 (4.65%) Power BI
5 34 (4.39%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 27 (3.48%) NoSQL
7 25 (3.23%) MySQL
7 25 (3.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 24 (3.10%) PostgreSQL
9 19 (2.45%) Big Data
10 17 (2.19%) MongoDB
10 17 (2.19%) Relational Database
11 14 (1.81%) Azure SQL Database
12 13 (1.68%) Hadoop
13 11 (1.42%) Redis
14 10 (1.29%) RDBMS
15 8 (1.03%) OLAP
16 6 (0.77%) BigQuery
16 6 (0.77%) Parquet
17 5 (0.65%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 61 (7.87%) Git (software)
2 29 (3.74%) Jenkins
3 22 (2.84%) Maven
4 20 (2.58%) JIRA
4 20 (2.58%) JUnit
4 20 (2.58%) Visual Studio
5 19 (2.45%) Team Foundation Server
6 13 (1.68%) Gradle
7 12 (1.55%) Cucumber
7 12 (1.55%) GitLab
7 12 (1.55%) Mockito
8 10 (1.29%) Jasmine
8 10 (1.29%) Octopus Deploy
9 8 (1.03%) Ant
9 8 (1.03%) TeamCity
10 7 (0.90%) git-flow
11 6 (0.77%) Android Studio
11 6 (0.77%) Protractor
11 6 (0.77%) Subversion
12 5 (0.65%) Selenium
General
1 204 (26.32%) Finance
2 114 (14.71%) Banking
3 103 (13.29%) Front Office
4 47 (6.06%) Investment Banking
5 20 (2.58%) Public Sector
6 19 (2.45%) Games
7 16 (2.06%) Marketing
8 15 (1.94%) Law
9 12 (1.55%) Retail
10 10 (1.29%) Financial Institution
10 10 (1.29%) International Banking
11 9 (1.16%) Publishing
12 6 (0.77%) Advertising
13 4 (0.52%) Back Office
14 3 (0.39%) Automotive
14 3 (0.39%) Local Government
15 2 (0.26%) Billing
15 2 (0.26%) Police
16 1 (0.13%) French Language
16 1 (0.13%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 137 (17.68%) .NET
2 104 (13.42%) CSS
3 103 (13.29%) React
4 101 (13.03%) HTML
5 93 (12.00%) AngularJS
6 85 (10.97%) Spring
7 71 (9.16%) Node.js
8 65 (8.39%) REST
9 50 (6.45%) Redux
10 42 (5.42%) RESTful
11 41 (5.29%) Kafka
12 39 (5.03%) Web Services
13 36 (4.65%) HTML5
14 35 (4.52%) Spring Boot
15 33 (4.26%) ASP.NET
16 30 (3.87%) WCF
17 27 (3.48%) .NET Core
17 27 (3.48%) WPF
18 23 (2.97%) jQuery
18 23 (2.97%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 70 (9.03%) Greenfield Project
2 47 (6.06%) Fixed Income
3 44 (5.68%) User Experience
4 42 (5.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 33 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
6 22 (2.84%) Derivative
7 20 (2.58%) Mobile App
8 16 (2.06%) Enterprise Software
9 15 (1.94%) Hedge funds
10 14 (1.81%) Market Risk
11 13 (1.68%) Data Structures
12 12 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
13 10 (1.29%) Cloud Native
13 10 (1.29%) Credit Risk
14 8 (1.03%) Algorithms
15 7 (0.90%) Equities
15 7 (0.90%) Management Information System
16 6 (0.77%) Reinsurance
17 5 (0.65%) Animation
17 5 (0.65%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 37 (4.77%) Android
2 35 (4.52%) Linux
3 24 (3.10%) Apple iOS
4 15 (1.94%) Windows
5 12 (1.55%) Unix
6 3 (0.39%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.39%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.13%) Debian
7 1 (0.13%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.13%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.13%) Windows 7
7 1 (0.13%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 272 (35.10%) Agile Software Development
2 148 (19.10%) TDD
3 136 (17.55%) Microservices
4 70 (9.03%) Test Automation
5 68 (8.77%) DevOps
6 66 (8.52%) Scrum
7 64 (8.26%) Multithreading
8 60 (7.74%) BDD
9 56 (7.23%) Continuous Integration
10 49 (6.32%) Front End Development
11 44 (5.68%) Business Intelligence
11 44 (5.68%) OO
12 43 (5.55%) Software Engineering
13 41 (5.29%) Analytics
14 39 (5.03%) SDLC
15 38 (4.90%) Web Development
16 35 (4.52%) Problem-Solving
17 34 (4.39%) Pair Programming
17 34 (4.39%) Unit Testing
18 31 (4.00%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 259 (33.42%) Java
2 184 (23.74%) C#
3 177 (22.84%) SQL
4 157 (20.26%) JavaScript
5 107 (13.81%) Python
6 58 (7.48%) TypeScript
7 47 (6.06%) Java 8
8 44 (5.68%) Kotlin
9 42 (5.42%) C++
10 40 (5.16%) PHP
11 34 (4.39%) Scala
12 32 (4.13%) T-SQL
13 27 (3.48%) VB.NET
14 26 (3.35%) Ruby
15 24 (3.10%) VBA
16 14 (1.81%) PowerShell
17 11 (1.42%) ES6
18 10 (1.29%) C
19 9 (1.16%) Apple Swift
20 8 (1.03%) Go
Qualifications
1 33 (4.26%) Degree
2 26 (3.35%) Security Cleared
3 21 (2.71%) SC Cleared
4 9 (1.16%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
6 2 (0.26%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.26%) DV Cleared
6 2 (0.26%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.13%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.13%) ISEB
7 1 (0.13%) ISTQB
7 1 (0.13%) MCITP
7 1 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 33 (4.26%) QA
2 4 (0.52%) Data Quality
2 4 (0.52%) MiFID
2 4 (0.52%) Solvency II
2 4 (0.52%) WCAG
3 1 (0.13%) Basel III
3 1 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 83 (10.71%) Docker
2 6 (0.77%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 64 (8.26%) Kubernetes
2 18 (2.32%) Terraform
3 10 (1.29%) Ansible
4 9 (1.16%) Kibana
5 5 (0.65%) logstash
6 4 (0.52%) Prometheus
7 3 (0.39%) Zipkin
8 2 (0.26%) Docker Swarm
8 2 (0.26%) Istio
8 2 (0.26%) Puppet
9 1 (0.13%) Control-M
9 1 (0.13%) Grafana
9 1 (0.13%) HP Quality Center
9 1 (0.13%) MIIS
9 1 (0.13%) Oozie
9 1 (0.13%) Opscode Chef
9 1 (0.13%) Rancher
Vendors
1 62 (8.00%) Microsoft
2 48 (6.19%) Oracle
3 24 (3.10%) Google
4 11 (1.42%) OpenLink
4 11 (1.42%) Tableau
5 10 (1.29%) Salesforce.com
6 8 (1.03%) Adobe
6 8 (1.03%) Databricks
6 8 (1.03%) Murex
6 8 (1.03%) SAP
7 7 (0.90%) Cognos
8 6 (0.77%) Sophis
8 6 (0.77%) SunGard
9 5 (0.65%) Informatica
9 5 (0.65%) Mapbox
9 5 (0.65%) ServiceNow
10 4 (0.52%) Bloomberg
10 4 (0.52%) CA
10 4 (0.52%) IBM
10 4 (0.52%) Sybase