Period
to 18 October 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
18 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 2,446 2,397 2,140
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 34.89% 34.97% 32.04%
As % of the Job Titles category 36.57% 36.88% 33.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,100 1,999 1,815
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £388 £363 £325
90th Percentile £688 £688 £650
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -2.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 1 3
City of London median hourly rate £32.50 £41.00 £54.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.73% -24.42% +35.61%
10th Percentile £14.65 £39.00 £46.32
90th Percentile £87.35 £43.00 £79.37
Central London median hourly rate £32.50 £38.25 £54.25
% change year-on-year -15.03% -29.49% +35.61%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 6,688 6,500 6,386
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.41% 94.82% 95.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,293 5,094 5,093
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £308
90th Percentile £675 £675 £655
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £465
% change year-on-year - +7.53% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 89 76
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £17.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +3.60% -3.47%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.70 £11.25
90th Percentile £25.50 £30.75 £42.57
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.10 £17.21
% change year-on-year +3.31% +5.19% -4.40%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 18 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 18 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge +2 100 £525 +101.92%
Moorgate -1 20 £425 -19.05%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 18 October 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 956 (39.08%) Agile Software Development
2 816 (33.36%) Java
3 760 (31.07%) JavaScript
4 737 (30.13%) Finance
5 626 (25.59%) TDD
6 560 (22.89%) SQL
7 543 (22.20%) C#
8 522 (21.34%) HTML
9 466 (19.05%) .NET
10 429 (17.54%) CSS
11 423 (17.29%) AngularJS
12 390 (15.94%) Banking
13 344 (14.06%) SQL Server
14 342 (13.98%) React
15 308 (12.59%) Git (software)
16 298 (12.18%) Microservices
17 288 (11.77%) Amazon AWS
18 281 (11.49%) HTML5
19 277 (11.32%) Spring
20 276 (11.28%) REST
21 273 (11.16%) Microsoft Azure
21 273 (11.16%) Python
22 269 (11.00%) Front Office
23 266 (10.87%) Docker
24 254 (10.38%) Node.js
25 252 (10.30%) Greenfield Project
26 247 (10.10%) BDD
27 246 (10.06%) MVC
28 239 (9.77%) Java 8
29 237 (9.69%) Front End Development

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 118 (4.82%) Elasticsearch
2 111 (4.54%) Apache Spark
3 51 (2.09%) CMS
4 43 (1.76%) Apache
5 37 (1.51%) WordPress
6 31 (1.27%) Tomcat
7 24 (0.98%) WebSphere
8 23 (0.94%) Drupal
9 21 (0.86%) WebLogic
10 18 (0.74%) SharePoint
11 17 (0.70%) JBoss
12 16 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 15 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
13 15 (0.61%) Confluence
14 14 (0.57%) NServiceBus
15 12 (0.49%) Umbraco
16 11 (0.45%) Sitecore CMS
17 10 (0.41%) IBM Domino
17 10 (0.41%) MQSeries
18 9 (0.37%) SAS
Applications
1 69 (2.82%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
3 13 (0.53%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
5 7 (0.29%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.25%) InVision
7 5 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
8 4 (0.16%) Acrobat
8 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.16%) Fireworks
8 4 (0.16%) MS Visio
8 4 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
9 3 (0.12%) InDesign
9 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 2 (0.082%) Snapchat
11 1 (0.041%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.041%) Camtasia
Business Applications
1 15 (0.61%) ION MarketView
2 13 (0.53%) Dynamics CRM
3 9 (0.37%) Dynamics AX
4 7 (0.29%) Magento
5 5 (0.20%) Markit EDM
6 4 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.12%) Dynamics NAV
7 3 (0.12%) FastStats
7 3 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.12%) Shopify
8 2 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.082%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.082%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.082%) SDL Web 8
8 2 (0.082%) thinkFolio
9 1 (0.041%) Distributed Ledger
9 1 (0.041%) PeopleSoft HCM
9 1 (0.041%) Sage X3
9 1 (0.041%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 1 (0.041%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 288 (11.77%) Amazon AWS
2 273 (11.16%) Microsoft Azure
3 42 (1.72%) Heroku
4 37 (1.51%) GitHub
5 33 (1.35%) Serverless
6 29 (1.19%) Google Cloud Platform
7 28 (1.14%) npm
8 21 (0.86%) Amazon S3
8 21 (0.86%) PaaS
9 20 (0.82%) Cloud Computing
10 19 (0.78%) Amazon SQS
11 18 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
12 17 (0.70%) Amazon EC2
12 17 (0.70%) Dynamics 365
13 10 (0.41%) IaaS
14 9 (0.37%) Salesforce Service Cloud
15 8 (0.33%) Apigee
16 7 (0.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 7 (0.29%) Azure Active Directory
16 7 (0.29%) Google Play
Communications & Networking
1 65 (2.66%) HTTP
2 38 (1.55%) SSL
2 38 (1.55%) TCP/IP
3 31 (1.27%) FTP
4 26 (1.06%) DNS
5 15 (0.61%) Intranet
6 8 (0.33%) Internet
7 5 (0.20%) AMQP
8 3 (0.12%) Kerberos
9 2 (0.082%) Firewall
9 2 (0.082%) SMS
10 1 (0.041%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.041%) Cisco ICM
10 1 (0.041%) DMARC
10 1 (0.041%) HTTPS
10 1 (0.041%) LAN
10 1 (0.041%) Network Security
10 1 (0.041%) Skype
10 1 (0.041%) SMTP
10 1 (0.041%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (14.06%) SQL Server
2 153 (6.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 129 (5.27%) NoSQL
4 124 (5.07%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 119 (4.87%) Relational Database
6 108 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
7 103 (4.21%) MongoDB
8 97 (3.97%) PostgreSQL
9 91 (3.72%) MySQL
10 89 (3.64%) Big Data
11 78 (3.19%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 76 (3.11%) Power BI
13 63 (2.58%) Hadoop
14 49 (2.00%) Apache Cassandra
15 40 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
16 39 (1.59%) RDBMS
16 39 (1.59%) Redis
17 34 (1.39%) Cosmos DB
18 33 (1.35%) SQL Server 2016
19 28 (1.14%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 308 (12.59%) Git (software)
2 156 (6.38%) Jenkins
3 115 (4.70%) Maven
4 95 (3.88%) JUnit
5 85 (3.48%) gulp
6 83 (3.39%) JIRA
7 72 (2.94%) Selenium
8 62 (2.53%) Gradle
9 59 (2.41%) webpack
10 56 (2.29%) Mockito
11 55 (2.25%) Cucumber
11 55 (2.25%) Jasmine
12 49 (2.00%) Visual Studio
13 48 (1.96%) TeamCity
14 41 (1.68%) Grunt
15 38 (1.55%) Karma Test Runner
16 37 (1.51%) NUnit
17 36 (1.47%) GitLab
18 35 (1.43%) Subversion
19 32 (1.31%) SpecFlow
General
1 737 (30.13%) Finance
2 390 (15.94%) Banking
3 269 (11.00%) Front Office
4 138 (5.64%) Investment Banking
5 58 (2.37%) Retail
6 52 (2.13%) Advertising
7 44 (1.80%) Financial Institution
8 40 (1.64%) Back Office
9 34 (1.39%) Marketing
10 32 (1.31%) Publishing
11 25 (1.02%) Law
12 23 (0.94%) Games
13 22 (0.90%) Telecoms
14 7 (0.29%) Legal
14 7 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
14 7 (0.29%) Retail Banking
15 6 (0.25%) Automotive
15 6 (0.25%) Digital Economy
15 6 (0.25%) Multimedia
16 5 (0.20%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 522 (21.34%) HTML
2 466 (19.05%) .NET
3 429 (17.54%) CSS
4 423 (17.29%) AngularJS
5 342 (13.98%) React
6 281 (11.49%) HTML5
7 277 (11.32%) Spring
8 276 (11.28%) REST
9 254 (10.38%) Node.js
10 188 (7.69%) RESTful
11 160 (6.54%) Web Services
12 153 (6.26%) Redux
13 152 (6.21%) ASP.NET
14 138 (5.64%) CSS3
15 135 (5.52%) jQuery
16 129 (5.27%) ASP.NET Web API
17 112 (4.58%) Spring Boot
18 108 (4.42%) Sass
19 102 (4.17%) XML
20 100 (4.09%) JSON
Miscellaneous
1 252 (10.30%) Greenfield Project
2 156 (6.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 145 (5.93%) Fintech
4 122 (4.99%) User Experience
5 117 (4.78%) Fixed Income
6 113 (4.62%) Equities
7 106 (4.33%) Computer Science
8 90 (3.68%) Derivative
9 81 (3.31%) Analytical Skills
10 64 (2.62%) Mobile App
11 53 (2.17%) Algorithms
12 45 (1.84%) Data Structures
13 41 (1.68%) Market Risk
14 36 (1.47%) Credit Risk
15 31 (1.27%) Hedge funds
16 29 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
17 26 (1.06%) iPad
18 25 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
19 22 (0.90%) Reinsurance
20 21 (0.86%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 160 (6.54%) Linux
2 90 (3.68%) Unix
3 64 (2.62%) Apple iOS
4 52 (2.13%) Android
5 44 (1.80%) Windows
6 6 (0.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 5 (0.20%) Ubuntu
7 5 (0.20%) VMS
7 5 (0.20%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.12%) CentOS
8 3 (0.12%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
8 3 (0.12%) Solaris
9 2 (0.082%) Mac OS
9 2 (0.082%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.041%) Windows Embedded Compact
10 1 (0.041%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 956 (39.08%) Agile Software Development
2 626 (25.59%) TDD
3 298 (12.18%) Microservices
4 247 (10.10%) BDD
5 246 (10.06%) MVC
6 237 (9.69%) Front End Development
7 234 (9.57%) Scrum
8 218 (8.91%) OO
9 206 (8.42%) Multithreading
10 203 (8.30%) Continuous Integration
11 177 (7.24%) DevOps
12 172 (7.03%) Business Intelligence
13 160 (6.54%) Test Automation
14 157 (6.42%) Web Development
15 144 (5.89%) Unit Testing
16 136 (5.56%) Low Latency
17 135 (5.52%) Software Engineering
18 130 (5.31%) E-Commerce
19 121 (4.95%) Problem-Solving
20 114 (4.66%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 816 (33.36%) Java
2 760 (31.07%) JavaScript
3 560 (22.89%) SQL
4 543 (22.20%) C#
5 273 (11.16%) Python
6 239 (9.77%) Java 8
7 127 (5.19%) T-SQL
8 124 (5.07%) PHP
9 118 (4.82%) TypeScript
10 99 (4.05%) ES6
11 80 (3.27%) Scala
12 61 (2.49%) VBA
13 59 (2.41%) C++
14 52 (2.13%) Kotlin
15 45 (1.84%) Ruby
16 43 (1.76%) PowerShell
17 37 (1.51%) C
18 35 (1.43%) PL/SQL
19 32 (1.31%) VB.NET
20 27 (1.10%) Perl
Qualifications
1 129 (5.27%) Degree
2 44 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
3 18 (0.74%) Security Cleared
4 14 (0.57%) SC Cleared
5 11 (0.45%) PhD
6 8 (0.33%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.20%) Sun Certification
8 4 (0.16%) Numerate Degree
8 4 (0.16%) Siebel Certification
9 3 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.082%) CCSA
10 2 (0.082%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.082%) OCPJP
11 1 (0.041%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.041%) DV Cleared
11 1 (0.041%) IBM Certification
11 1 (0.041%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
11 1 (0.041%) MCSE
11 1 (0.041%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.041%) MOS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 64 (2.62%) QA
2 13 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
4 6 (0.25%) SLA
4 6 (0.25%) WCAG
5 3 (0.12%) MiFID
6 2 (0.082%) Basel III
6 2 (0.082%) GDPR
6 2 (0.082%) HL7
6 2 (0.082%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.041%) IFRS
7 1 (0.041%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.041%) PMO
7 1 (0.041%) WAI
System Software
1 266 (10.87%) Docker
2 12 (0.49%) HDFS
3 4 (0.16%) Active Directory
4 3 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.12%) Oracle RAC
4 3 (0.12%) VMware Infrastructure
4 3 (0.12%) vSphere
5 2 (0.082%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.082%) Varnish
5 2 (0.082%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.041%) etcd
6 1 (0.041%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.041%) Platform Symphony
Systems Management
1 119 (4.87%) Kubernetes
2 52 (2.13%) Ansible
3 30 (1.23%) Puppet
4 24 (0.98%) Docker Swarm
4 24 (0.98%) Terraform
5 20 (0.82%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.45%) Prometheus
7 10 (0.41%) Kibana
7 10 (0.41%) logstash
8 9 (0.37%) Grafana
9 8 (0.33%) Mesos
10 6 (0.25%) Control-M
11 5 (0.20%) Marathon
12 4 (0.16%) Graphite
13 3 (0.12%) Capistrano
13 3 (0.12%) Packer
13 3 (0.12%) Single Sign-On
14 2 (0.082%) Hadoop YARN
14 2 (0.082%) Matomo
15 1 (0.041%) rkt
Vendors
1 167 (6.83%) Microsoft
2 124 (5.07%) Oracle
3 48 (1.96%) Salesforce.com
4 47 (1.92%) Splunk
5 45 (1.84%) Google
6 43 (1.76%) Tableau
7 36 (1.47%) IBM
8 34 (1.39%) TIBCO
9 31 (1.27%) Sybase
10 21 (0.86%) Adobe
10 21 (0.86%) Apple
11 19 (0.78%) ION Trading
12 14 (0.57%) Sitecore
13 13 (0.53%) SAP
14 11 (0.45%) Atlassian
15 8 (0.33%) AppDynamics
15 8 (0.33%) Cadence
16 7 (0.29%) Citrix
16 7 (0.29%) Demandware
16 7 (0.29%) ServiceNow