Period
to 26 September 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
26 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 1
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 494 1,739 2,417
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 27.99% 27.97% 34.58%
As % of the Job Titles category 30.29% 29.73% 36.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 408 1,476 2,094
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £363 £406 £375
90th Percentile £703 £675 £694
Central London median daily rate £548 £525 £525
% change year-on-year +4.29% - +5.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 1 5
Median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 £14.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +55.56% +55.17% -64.63%
10th Percentile £26.95 £22.25 £11.30
90th Percentile £38.50 £22.75 £73.95
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £22.50 £14.50
% change year-on-year +55.56% +55.17% -62.09%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 1,631 5,850 6,635
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.41% 94.10% 94.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,161 4,571 5,247
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% -
10th Percentile £313 £319 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 74 128
Median hourly rate £35.00 £19.75 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +77.22% +5.61% +3.89%
10th Percentile £14.50 £11.25 £13.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.00 £26.85
Median hourly rate £35.00 £20.25 £18.70
% change year-on-year +72.84% +8.29% +1.66%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 26 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 26 September 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 194 (39.27%) Java
2 168 (34.01%) Agile Software Development
3 136 (27.53%) Finance
4 114 (23.08%) SQL
5 105 (21.26%) Banking
6 103 (20.85%) TDD
6 103 (20.85%) JavaScript
7 96 (19.43%) Front Office
7 96 (19.43%) Azure
8 95 (19.23%) C#
9 91 (18.42%) Microservices
10 70 (14.17%) React
11 67 (13.56%) .NET
12 66 (13.36%) SQL Server
13 64 (12.96%) AngularJS
14 63 (12.75%) CSS
14 63 (12.75%) Scrum
15 62 (12.55%) Git (software)
16 61 (12.35%) Python
16 61 (12.35%) Docker
17 58 (11.74%) HTML
18 57 (11.54%) AWS
19 56 (11.34%) Multithreading
19 56 (11.34%) Spring
20 53 (10.73%) Test Automation
21 50 (10.12%) Fixed Income
22 49 (9.92%) DevOps
23 48 (9.72%) REST
24 47 (9.51%) TypeScript
25 44 (8.91%) BDD

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.05%) Apache Spark
2 11 (2.23%) Elasticsearch
3 10 (2.02%) SharePoint
4 6 (1.21%) Apache
5 5 (1.01%) Confluence
6 3 (0.61%) Appian
6 3 (0.61%) JBoss
6 3 (0.61%) Jupyter
6 3 (0.61%) nginx
6 3 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 3 (0.61%) WebSphere
6 3 (0.61%) WordPress
7 2 (0.40%) CMS
7 2 (0.40%) Drupal
7 2 (0.40%) Red Hat Fuse
7 2 (0.40%) SharePoint 2010
8 1 (0.20%) MQSeries
8 1 (0.20%) Mule
8 1 (0.20%) Oracle Workflow
8 1 (0.20%) Tomcat
Applications
1 10 (2.02%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (1.62%) Photoshop
3 5 (1.01%) Acrobat
4 2 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.20%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 4 (0.81%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.61%) SunGard Martini
2 3 (0.61%) Temenos T24
3 2 (0.40%) Magento
3 2 (0.40%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.20%) ION MarketView
4 1 (0.20%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.20%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.20%) Oracle ERP
4 1 (0.20%) Siebel CRM
4 1 (0.20%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 96 (19.43%) Azure
2 57 (11.54%) AWS
3 40 (8.10%) Power Platform
4 25 (5.06%) GCP
5 11 (2.23%) npm
6 10 (2.02%) Serverless
7 9 (1.82%) PaaS
8 8 (1.62%) GitHub
9 7 (1.42%) Power Automate
10 6 (1.21%) Logic Apps
10 6 (1.21%) PowerApps
11 5 (1.01%) Amazon S3
11 5 (1.01%) Azure Data Factory
11 5 (1.01%) Office 365
12 4 (0.81%) Amazon EC2
12 4 (0.81%) Azure Active Directory
12 4 (0.81%) Dynamics 365
13 3 (0.61%) Amazon ECS
13 3 (0.61%) Apigee
13 3 (0.61%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 9 (1.82%) SSL
2 8 (1.62%) HTTPS
3 4 (0.81%) Internet
4 3 (0.61%) Multicast
5 2 (0.40%) AMQP
5 2 (0.40%) DSL
5 2 (0.40%) TCP/IP
6 1 (0.20%) BGP
6 1 (0.20%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.20%) DNS
6 1 (0.20%) Firewall
6 1 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.20%) FTP
6 1 (0.20%) HTTP
6 1 (0.20%) MPLS
6 1 (0.20%) SNMP
6 1 (0.20%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 66 (13.36%) SQL Server
2 38 (7.69%) Power BI
3 31 (6.28%) Data Warehouse
4 26 (5.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 24 (4.86%) NoSQL
6 22 (4.45%) MongoDB
6 22 (4.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 19 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
7 19 (3.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 17 (3.44%) MySQL
9 12 (2.43%) Hadoop
10 11 (2.23%) Big Data
10 11 (2.23%) Relational Database
11 10 (2.02%) Azure SQL Database
12 8 (1.62%) Redis
13 6 (1.21%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
13 6 (1.21%) Data Lake
14 5 (1.01%) Apache Cassandra
14 5 (1.01%) Cosmos DB
15 4 (0.81%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 62 (12.55%) Git (software)
2 31 (6.28%) Jenkins
3 28 (5.67%) Maven
4 14 (2.83%) JUnit
5 10 (2.02%) Robot Framework
6 9 (1.82%) JIRA
7 8 (1.62%) Gradle
7 8 (1.62%) Jasmine
7 8 (1.62%) Team Foundation Server
8 7 (1.42%) Cucumber
8 7 (1.42%) PowerBuilder
8 7 (1.42%) webpack
9 6 (1.21%) Cypress.io
9 6 (1.21%) git-flow
9 6 (1.21%) GitLab
9 6 (1.21%) Mockito
9 6 (1.21%) Visual Studio
10 5 (1.01%) Octopus Deploy
10 5 (1.01%) Subversion
10 5 (1.01%) TeamCity
General
1 136 (27.53%) Finance
2 105 (21.26%) Banking
3 96 (19.43%) Front Office
4 38 (7.69%) Investment Banking
5 17 (3.44%) Public Sector
6 11 (2.23%) Financial Institution
7 9 (1.82%) Law
8 6 (1.21%) Games
8 6 (1.21%) International Banking
8 6 (1.21%) Retail
9 5 (1.01%) Marketing
10 3 (0.61%) Back Office
10 3 (0.61%) French Language
10 3 (0.61%) Local Government
10 3 (0.61%) Retail Banking
11 2 (0.40%) Police
12 1 (0.20%) Advertising
12 1 (0.20%) Electronics
12 1 (0.20%) Manufacturing
12 1 (0.20%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 70 (14.17%) React
2 67 (13.56%) .NET
3 64 (12.96%) AngularJS
4 63 (12.75%) CSS
5 58 (11.74%) HTML
6 56 (11.34%) Spring
7 48 (9.72%) REST
8 44 (8.91%) Node.js
9 34 (6.88%) Web Services
10 32 (6.48%) HTML5
10 32 (6.48%) RESTful
11 30 (6.07%) Redux
12 27 (5.47%) Kafka
13 25 (5.06%) .NET Core
13 25 (5.06%) Spring Boot
14 17 (3.44%) ASP.NET
15 16 (3.24%) ASP.NET Web API
15 16 (3.24%) CSS3
16 15 (3.04%) Sass
16 15 (3.04%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 50 (10.12%) Fixed Income
2 42 (8.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 34 (6.88%) Greenfield Project
4 28 (5.67%) User Experience
5 20 (4.05%) Derivative
6 19 (3.85%) Analytical Skills
7 7 (1.42%) Data Structures
7 7 (1.42%) Equities
7 7 (1.42%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.21%) Hedge funds
8 6 (1.21%) Market Risk
9 5 (1.01%) Algorithms
9 5 (1.01%) Enterprise Software
9 5 (1.01%) Management Information System
9 5 (1.01%) Self-Motivation
10 4 (0.81%) Animation
11 3 (0.61%) AS400
11 3 (0.61%) Credit Risk
11 3 (0.61%) Tandem
11 3 (0.61%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 36 (7.29%) Linux
2 17 (3.44%) Android
3 11 (2.23%) Unix
3 11 (2.23%) Windows
4 8 (1.62%) Apple iOS
5 2 (0.40%) Mac OS X
5 2 (0.40%) Windows 10
6 1 (0.20%) Android TV
6 1 (0.20%) Debian
6 1 (0.20%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.20%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 168 (34.01%) Agile Software Development
2 103 (20.85%) TDD
3 91 (18.42%) Microservices
4 63 (12.75%) Scrum
5 56 (11.34%) Multithreading
6 53 (10.73%) Test Automation
7 49 (9.92%) DevOps
8 44 (8.91%) BDD
9 41 (8.30%) Front End Development
10 40 (8.10%) OO
11 39 (7.89%) Business Intelligence
12 38 (7.69%) Continuous Integration
13 37 (7.49%) Software Engineering
14 31 (6.28%) Problem-Solving
15 29 (5.87%) Analytics
16 28 (5.67%) Electronic Trading
16 28 (5.67%) Unit Testing
17 27 (5.47%) OOD
18 26 (5.26%) Computer Science
18 26 (5.26%) Low Latency
Programming Languages
1 194 (39.27%) Java
2 114 (23.08%) SQL
3 103 (20.85%) JavaScript
4 95 (19.23%) C#
5 61 (12.35%) Python
6 47 (9.51%) TypeScript
7 39 (7.89%) Java 8
8 35 (7.09%) Kotlin
9 31 (6.28%) C++
9 31 (6.28%) Scala
10 24 (4.86%) PHP
11 22 (4.45%) T-SQL
12 11 (2.23%) PowerShell
13 10 (2.02%) Ruby
14 7 (1.42%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
14 7 (1.42%) ES6
15 6 (1.21%) PL/SQL
16 5 (1.01%) Apple Swift
16 5 (1.01%) C
16 5 (1.01%) VBA
Qualifications
1 23 (4.66%) Degree
2 17 (3.44%) Security Cleared
3 11 (2.23%) SC Cleared
4 8 (1.62%) Numerate Degree
5 6 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (0.81%) DV Cleared
7 2 (0.40%) PhD
8 1 (0.20%) AWS Certification
8 1 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
8 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (4.25%) QA
2 5 (1.01%) WCAG
3 4 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.40%) Solvency II
5 1 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.20%) MiFID
5 1 (0.20%) SLA
System Software
1 61 (12.35%) Docker
2 3 (0.61%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 40 (8.10%) Kubernetes
2 13 (2.63%) Terraform
3 5 (1.01%) Ansible
4 4 (0.81%) Prometheus
5 3 (0.61%) Kibana
5 3 (0.61%) logstash
5 3 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
5 3 (0.61%) Zipkin
6 2 (0.40%) Control-M
6 2 (0.40%) Rundeck
6 2 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (0.20%) Grafana
7 1 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
7 1 (0.20%) Istio
7 1 (0.20%) Netcool
7 1 (0.20%) Oozie
7 1 (0.20%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 44 (8.91%) Microsoft
2 18 (3.64%) Oracle
3 12 (2.43%) Google
4 10 (2.02%) Databricks
4 10 (2.02%) Tableau
5 7 (1.42%) Salesforce.com
6 6 (1.21%) Adobe
6 6 (1.21%) IBM
6 6 (1.21%) MuleSoft
6 6 (1.21%) ServiceNow
7 4 (0.81%) Sybase
8 3 (0.61%) Atlassian
8 3 (0.61%) Bloomberg
8 3 (0.61%) FIS
8 3 (0.61%) Mapbox
8 3 (0.61%) SAP
8 3 (0.61%) SunGard
9 2 (0.40%) Blue Prism
9 2 (0.40%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
9 2 (0.40%) WSO2