Period
to 13 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 1 1 2
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 2,512 2,461 2,081
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 35.19% 34.24% 31.93%
As % of the Job Titles category 36.94% 36.17% 33.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,179 2,101 1,765
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% -
10th Percentile £406 £369 £325
90th Percentile £688 £713 £674
Central London median daily rate £525 £510 £468
% change year-on-year +2.94% +8.92% -1.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 2 2
City of London median hourly rate £19.00 £46.05 £52.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -58.74% -11.66% +30.31%
10th Percentile £12.10 £29.34 £45.66
90th Percentile £84.50 £63.60 £56.68
Central London median hourly rate £19.00 £35.50 £52.12
% change year-on-year -46.48% -31.89% +30.31%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 6,800 6,804 6,227
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 95.26% 94.67% 95.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,368 5,399 4,938
City of London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £300 £313 £313
90th Percentile £675 £688 £663
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 92 73
City of London median hourly rate £18.70 £17.00 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% -2.86% -6.67%
10th Percentile £13.00 £11.25 £12.58
90th Percentile £25.70 £30.75 £54.03
Central London median hourly rate £18.70 £18.05 £17.21
% change year-on-year +3.60% +4.90% -4.40%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge 0 190 £525 -4.55% 1
Moorgate -8 17 £525 -
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 1,068 (42.52%) Agile Software Development
2 884 (35.19%) Java
3 745 (29.66%) JavaScript
4 719 (28.62%) Finance
5 673 (26.79%) TDD
6 593 (23.61%) SQL
7 516 (20.54%) HTML
8 494 (19.67%) C#
9 425 (16.92%) .NET
10 423 (16.84%) Banking
11 418 (16.64%) AngularJS
12 416 (16.56%) CSS
13 347 (13.81%) Microservices
14 329 (13.10%) React
15 327 (13.02%) SQL Server
16 311 (12.38%) Amazon AWS
17 295 (11.74%) Git (software)
18 291 (11.58%) Spring
19 285 (11.35%) Microsoft Azure
20 281 (11.19%) Greenfield Project
21 275 (10.95%) Front Office
22 268 (10.67%) OO
22 268 (10.67%) Node.js
23 267 (10.63%) REST
24 265 (10.55%) HTML5
25 263 (10.47%) Docker
26 259 (10.31%) BDD
26 259 (10.31%) Python
27 256 (10.19%) Front End Development
28 234 (9.32%) Scrum

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 133 (5.29%) Elasticsearch
2 130 (5.18%) Apache Spark
3 49 (1.95%) WebSphere
4 47 (1.87%) Tomcat
5 45 (1.79%) CMS
6 41 (1.63%) WebLogic
7 40 (1.59%) WordPress
8 37 (1.47%) Apache
9 31 (1.23%) OpenStack
10 25 (1.00%) Drupal
11 21 (0.84%) Confluence
12 20 (0.80%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 17 (0.68%) SharePoint
14 16 (0.64%) Cloud Foundry
15 15 (0.60%) IPython
16 14 (0.56%) JBoss
17 10 (0.40%) NServiceBus
17 10 (0.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 8 (0.32%) IBM Domino
18 8 (0.32%) MQSeries
Applications
1 67 (2.67%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
3 12 (0.48%) Photoshop
4 7 (0.28%) InVision
4 7 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
5 6 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
6 5 (0.20%) Fireworks
7 4 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.12%) Acrobat
8 3 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 3 (0.12%) InDesign
8 3 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.12%) MS Visio
9 2 (0.080%) Snapchat
10 1 (0.040%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.040%) Camtasia
10 1 (0.040%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 17 (0.68%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.36%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.28%) Markit EDM
4 5 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
5 4 (0.16%) Magento
5 4 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 3 (0.12%) Endur
6 3 (0.12%) FastStats
6 3 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 2 (0.080%) R3 Corda
7 2 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.040%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.040%) Decalog
8 1 (0.040%) Distributed Ledger
8 1 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
8 1 (0.040%) PeopleSoft HCM
8 1 (0.040%) Sage X3
8 1 (0.040%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 1 (0.040%) SAP CRM
8 1 (0.040%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 311 (12.38%) Amazon AWS
2 285 (11.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 50 (1.99%) GitHub
4 40 (1.59%) Serverless
5 38 (1.51%) Heroku
6 32 (1.27%) Google Cloud Platform
7 24 (0.96%) Dynamics 365
7 24 (0.96%) npm
8 22 (0.88%) AWS Lambda
9 21 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
9 21 (0.84%) PaaS
10 19 (0.76%) Amazon EC2
10 19 (0.76%) Amazon S3
11 18 (0.72%) Amazon SQS
12 11 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
13 9 (0.36%) AWS CloudFormation
13 9 (0.36%) Azure Functions
14 8 (0.32%) Google Play
15 7 (0.28%) Amazon Kinesis
15 7 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 55 (2.19%) HTTP
2 31 (1.23%) TCP/IP
3 29 (1.15%) FTP
4 28 (1.11%) SSL
5 26 (1.04%) DNS
6 13 (0.52%) Intranet
7 10 (0.40%) Internet
8 3 (0.12%) DMARC
8 3 (0.12%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.12%) SMTP
8 3 (0.12%) SSH
9 2 (0.080%) Multicast
10 1 (0.040%) AMQP
10 1 (0.040%) Bluetooth
10 1 (0.040%) Cisco Nexus
10 1 (0.040%) Kerberos
10 1 (0.040%) LAN
10 1 (0.040%) Network Security
10 1 (0.040%) SNMP
10 1 (0.040%) VPN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 327 (13.02%) SQL Server
2 163 (6.49%) NoSQL
3 150 (5.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 139 (5.53%) MongoDB
5 116 (4.62%) MySQL
6 110 (4.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 107 (4.26%) PostgreSQL
8 102 (4.06%) Data Warehouse
8 102 (4.06%) Relational Database
9 88 (3.50%) Big Data
10 73 (2.91%) Power BI
11 72 (2.87%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 65 (2.59%) Redis
13 64 (2.55%) Apache Cassandra
14 61 (2.43%) Hadoop
15 44 (1.75%) RDBMS
16 34 (1.35%) Cosmos DB
16 34 (1.35%) SQL Server 2012
17 33 (1.31%) SQL Server 2016
18 31 (1.23%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 295 (11.74%) Git (software)
2 143 (5.69%) Jenkins
3 122 (4.86%) Maven
4 92 (3.66%) JIRA
5 91 (3.62%) gulp
6 90 (3.58%) JUnit
7 69 (2.75%) Selenium
8 59 (2.35%) NUnit
9 58 (2.31%) Gradle
10 53 (2.11%) Team Foundation Server
10 53 (2.11%) Visual Studio
11 52 (2.07%) Cucumber
12 50 (1.99%) Mockito
12 50 (1.99%) webpack
13 47 (1.87%) Subversion
14 46 (1.83%) Jasmine
14 46 (1.83%) TeamCity
15 45 (1.79%) MSTest
16 40 (1.59%) Grunt
17 39 (1.55%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 719 (28.62%) Finance
2 423 (16.84%) Banking
3 275 (10.95%) Front Office
4 132 (5.25%) Investment Banking
5 57 (2.27%) Retail
6 36 (1.43%) Financial Institution
7 34 (1.35%) Back Office
8 32 (1.27%) Publishing
9 31 (1.23%) Advertising
10 29 (1.15%) Marketing
11 23 (0.92%) Law
12 16 (0.64%) Games
13 14 (0.56%) Telecoms
14 7 (0.28%) Legal
14 7 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
15 6 (0.24%) Billing
15 6 (0.24%) Digital Economy
15 6 (0.24%) Multimedia
16 4 (0.16%) Automotive
16 4 (0.16%) Prime Brokerage
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 516 (20.54%) HTML
2 425 (16.92%) .NET
3 418 (16.64%) AngularJS
4 416 (16.56%) CSS
5 329 (13.10%) React
6 291 (11.58%) Spring
7 268 (10.67%) Node.js
8 267 (10.63%) REST
9 265 (10.55%) HTML5
10 182 (7.25%) RESTful
11 167 (6.65%) Redux
12 143 (5.69%) Spring Boot
13 138 (5.49%) Web Services
14 134 (5.33%) ASP.NET
15 132 (5.25%) jQuery
16 114 (4.54%) XML
17 108 (4.30%) Kafka
18 106 (4.22%) Sass
19 105 (4.18%) ASP.NET Web API
19 105 (4.18%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 281 (11.19%) Greenfield Project
2 166 (6.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 125 (4.98%) User Experience
4 124 (4.94%) Fintech
5 119 (4.74%) Equities
6 114 (4.54%) Fixed Income
7 90 (3.58%) Derivative
8 73 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
9 64 (2.55%) Algorithms
10 63 (2.51%) Data Structures
11 62 (2.47%) Mobile App
12 46 (1.83%) Hedge funds
13 31 (1.23%) Equity Derivative
14 30 (1.19%) Self-Motivation
15 27 (1.07%) Market Risk
16 25 (1.00%) Enterprise Software
17 23 (0.92%) Reinsurance
18 21 (0.84%) Credit Risk
19 18 (0.72%) Client/Server
20 15 (0.60%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 158 (6.29%) Linux
2 86 (3.42%) Unix
3 56 (2.23%) Android
4 48 (1.91%) Apple iOS
5 28 (1.11%) Windows
6 6 (0.24%) Mac OS X
7 3 (0.12%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (0.12%) VMS
8 2 (0.080%) Mac OS
8 2 (0.080%) Solaris
8 2 (0.080%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.040%) tvOS
9 1 (0.040%) Windows Server
9 1 (0.040%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,068 (42.52%) Agile Software Development
2 673 (26.79%) TDD
3 347 (13.81%) Microservices
4 268 (10.67%) OO
5 259 (10.31%) BDD
6 256 (10.19%) Front End Development
7 234 (9.32%) Scrum
8 222 (8.84%) MVC
9 217 (8.64%) Continuous Integration
10 196 (7.80%) DevOps
11 194 (7.72%) Multithreading
12 178 (7.09%) Test Automation
13 174 (6.93%) Business Intelligence
14 139 (5.53%) Web Development
15 137 (5.45%) SDLC
16 136 (5.41%) Low Latency
17 134 (5.33%) Unit Testing
18 132 (5.25%) Software Engineering
19 125 (4.98%) Computer Science
20 123 (4.90%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 884 (35.19%) Java
2 745 (29.66%) JavaScript
3 593 (23.61%) SQL
4 494 (19.67%) C#
5 259 (10.31%) Python
6 216 (8.60%) Java 8
7 121 (4.82%) T-SQL
8 117 (4.66%) PHP
9 100 (3.98%) TypeScript
10 88 (3.50%) ES6
11 82 (3.26%) Scala
12 72 (2.87%) C++
13 67 (2.67%) Kotlin
14 58 (2.31%) VBA
15 37 (1.47%) C
15 37 (1.47%) PowerShell
16 36 (1.43%) Ruby
17 33 (1.31%) PL/SQL
18 22 (0.88%) Go
19 21 (0.84%) Apple Swift
Qualifications
1 131 (5.21%) Degree
2 40 (1.59%) Computer Science Degree
3 21 (0.84%) Security Cleared
4 15 (0.60%) SC Cleared
5 7 (0.28%) PhD
6 5 (0.20%) Master's Degree
6 5 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
7 4 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.12%) DBS Check
8 3 (0.12%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 3 (0.12%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.12%) Sun Certification
9 2 (0.080%) ACCA
9 2 (0.080%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.080%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.040%) Cisco Certification
10 1 (0.040%) IBM Certification
10 1 (0.040%) MOS
10 1 (0.040%) RHCE
10 1 (0.040%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 61 (2.43%) QA
2 13 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 12 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 7 (0.28%) SLA
4 7 (0.28%) WCAG
5 2 (0.080%) IFRS
5 2 (0.080%) MiFID
6 1 (0.040%) Basel III
6 1 (0.040%) GDPR
6 1 (0.040%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.040%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.040%) WAI
System Software
1 263 (10.47%) Docker
2 10 (0.40%) HDFS
3 7 (0.28%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
4 6 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 6 (0.24%) vSphere
5 5 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
6 2 (0.080%) Varnish
7 1 (0.040%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.040%) etcd
7 1 (0.040%) OpenAM
7 1 (0.040%) Time Sharing Option
7 1 (0.040%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 137 (5.45%) Kubernetes
2 78 (3.11%) Ansible
3 47 (1.87%) Opscode Chef
4 46 (1.83%) Puppet
5 41 (1.63%) Terraform
6 25 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
7 8 (0.32%) Kibana
7 8 (0.32%) logstash
8 6 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
9 5 (0.20%) Grafana
10 4 (0.16%) Capistrano
10 4 (0.16%) Graphite
10 4 (0.16%) Prometheus
11 3 (0.12%) Packer
12 2 (0.080%) Control-M
12 2 (0.080%) Istio
12 2 (0.080%) Marathon
12 2 (0.080%) Mesos
13 1 (0.040%) Consul
13 1 (0.040%) rkt
Vendors
1 156 (6.21%) Microsoft
2 136 (5.41%) Oracle
3 61 (2.43%) Splunk
4 49 (1.95%) Tableau
5 45 (1.79%) Google
6 39 (1.55%) IBM
6 39 (1.55%) Salesforce.com
7 37 (1.47%) Sybase
8 31 (1.23%) TIBCO
9 19 (0.76%) Atlassian
9 19 (0.76%) ION Trading
10 17 (0.68%) Adobe
11 16 (0.64%) Apple
12 11 (0.44%) ServiceNow
12 11 (0.44%) Terracotta
13 10 (0.40%) Cadence
14 9 (0.36%) Bloomberg
14 9 (0.36%) SAP
14 9 (0.36%) Sitecore
15 8 (0.32%) MuleSoft