Period
to 22 October 2019

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 1 1 1
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +1
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,738 2,466 2,394
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 29.16% 35.22% 34.90%
As % of the Job Titles category 31.10% 36.89% 36.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,462 2,118 1,997
City of London median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £406 £388 £363
90th Percentile £680 £688 £688
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 1
City of London median hourly rate £63.33 £32.50 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +94.86% -20.73% -24.42%
10th Percentile £61.67 £14.65 £39.00
90th Percentile £65.00 £87.35 £43.00
Central London median hourly rate £63.33 £32.50 £38.25
% change year-on-year +94.86% -15.03% -29.49%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 5,588 6,684 6,504
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.76% 95.46% 94.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,382 5,289 5,107
City of London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
Central London median daily rate £500 £500 £500
Number of hourly rates quoted 73 119 87
City of London median hourly rate £20.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.95% +3.89% +2.86%
10th Percentile £11.80 £13.00 £11.70
90th Percentile £50.86 £25.50 £30.75
Central London median hourly rate £20.25 £18.70 £18.40
% change year-on-year +8.29% +1.66% +5.11%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge -3 47 £525 -
Moorgate -3 22 £500 +2.56%
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 645 (37.11%) Agile Software Development
2 552 (31.76%) Java
3 538 (30.96%) JavaScript
4 465 (26.75%) Finance
5 425 (24.45%) TDD
6 414 (23.82%) SQL
7 342 (19.68%) HTML
8 331 (19.04%) CSS
9 316 (18.18%) C#
10 303 (17.43%) Microservices
11 293 (16.86%) React
12 289 (16.63%) AngularJS
13 277 (15.94%) Python
14 259 (14.90%) SQL Server
15 248 (14.27%) .NET
16 231 (13.29%) Banking
16 231 (13.29%) Azure
17 199 (11.45%) AWS
18 198 (11.39%) Docker
19 176 (10.13%) Spring
20 169 (9.72%) Greenfield Project
21 168 (9.67%) Front End Development
22 166 (9.55%) Git (software)
23 165 (9.49%) Node.js
24 164 (9.44%) BDD
25 163 (9.38%) DevOps
26 154 (8.86%) Scrum
27 145 (8.34%) TypeScript
28 143 (8.23%) Business Intelligence
29 140 (8.06%) REST

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 63 (3.62%) Elasticsearch
2 42 (2.42%) SharePoint
3 40 (2.30%) Apache Spark
4 32 (1.84%) CMS
5 27 (1.55%) Apache
5 27 (1.55%) Confluence
6 21 (1.21%) JBoss
7 14 (0.81%) IIS
8 13 (0.75%) Appian
8 13 (0.75%) WordPress
9 12 (0.69%) Tomcat
10 11 (0.63%) Cloud Foundry
11 8 (0.46%) Drupal
11 8 (0.46%) Jetty
11 8 (0.46%) TIBCO ActiveMatrix
12 7 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 7 (0.40%) SAS
12 7 (0.40%) Umbraco
13 6 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
13 6 (0.35%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 55 (3.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (0.52%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.40%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 7 (0.40%) Photoshop
4 6 (0.35%) Chatbot
5 4 (0.23%) Sketch
6 3 (0.17%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.17%) MS Visio
6 3 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
6 3 (0.17%) Zeplin
7 1 (0.058%) InfoPath
7 1 (0.058%) InVision
Business Applications
1 28 (1.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.58%) BusinessWorks
3 9 (0.52%) Dynamics AX
4 8 (0.46%) Oracle Cash Management
5 7 (0.40%) Oracle FAH
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle Assets
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle General Ledger
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle Internet Expenses
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle Payables
6 6 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle ERP
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle iProcurement
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 5 (0.29%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 4 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
8 4 (0.23%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.17%) Magento
10 2 (0.12%) Cognos TM1
10 2 (0.12%) ION MarketView
10 2 (0.12%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 231 (13.29%) Azure
2 199 (11.45%) AWS
3 80 (4.60%) Power Platform
4 66 (3.80%) GCP
5 41 (2.36%) Serverless
6 39 (2.24%) GitHub
7 28 (1.61%) Dynamics 365
8 25 (1.44%) AWS Lambda
9 24 (1.38%) Office 365
10 22 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
11 21 (1.21%) npm
12 20 (1.15%) Azure Data Factory
13 18 (1.04%) PaaS
14 17 (0.98%) SaaS
15 11 (0.63%) Amazon S3
16 10 (0.58%) Azure Functions
17 9 (0.52%) Amazon SQS
17 9 (0.52%) Apigee
18 8 (0.46%) Amazon EC2
18 8 (0.46%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 26 (1.50%) HTTP
2 12 (0.69%) FTP
3 11 (0.63%) DNS
4 10 (0.58%) SSL
4 10 (0.58%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.29%) Internet
5 5 (0.29%) Multicast
6 4 (0.23%) Intranet
7 3 (0.17%) SMTP
8 2 (0.12%) Firewall
8 2 (0.12%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 2 (0.12%) VPN
9 1 (0.058%) Broadband
9 1 (0.058%) SAN
9 1 (0.058%) SMS
9 1 (0.058%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 259 (14.90%) SQL Server
2 117 (6.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 91 (5.24%) MySQL
4 83 (4.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 79 (4.55%) Power BI
6 75 (4.32%) NoSQL
7 74 (4.26%) Data Warehouse
8 62 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
9 61 (3.51%) MongoDB
10 60 (3.45%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 52 (2.99%) Relational Database
12 45 (2.59%) Big Data
13 34 (1.96%) Hadoop
14 27 (1.55%) Azure SQL Database
15 24 (1.38%) Apache Cassandra
16 23 (1.32%) Oracle Database
17 21 (1.21%) Data Lake
18 18 (1.04%) SQL Server 2016
19 17 (0.98%) Redis
20 16 (0.92%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 166 (9.55%) Git (software)
2 69 (3.97%) Jenkins
3 57 (3.28%) TeamCity
4 56 (3.22%) JIRA
5 46 (2.65%) webpack
6 44 (2.53%) Maven
7 38 (2.19%) Visual Studio
8 32 (1.84%) gulp
9 30 (1.73%) JUnit
10 27 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
11 26 (1.50%) Jasmine
11 26 (1.50%) Selenium
11 26 (1.50%) Subversion
12 24 (1.38%) Cucumber
13 22 (1.27%) Grunt
13 22 (1.27%) Mocha
14 19 (1.09%) Gradle
14 19 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
15 18 (1.04%) Karma Test Runner
16 17 (0.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 465 (26.75%) Finance
2 231 (13.29%) Banking
3 134 (7.71%) Front Office
4 82 (4.72%) Investment Banking
5 49 (2.82%) Retail
6 30 (1.73%) Advertising
7 28 (1.61%) Marketing
8 27 (1.55%) Financial Institution
8 27 (1.55%) Public Sector
9 18 (1.04%) Back Office
9 18 (1.04%) Games
10 17 (0.98%) Law
11 13 (0.75%) Publishing
12 11 (0.63%) Telecoms
13 9 (0.52%) Retail Banking
14 6 (0.35%) International Banking
14 6 (0.35%) Legal
15 5 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
16 4 (0.23%) Automotive
17 3 (0.17%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 342 (19.68%) HTML
2 331 (19.04%) CSS
3 293 (16.86%) React
4 289 (16.63%) AngularJS
5 248 (14.27%) .NET
6 176 (10.13%) Spring
7 165 (9.49%) Node.js
8 140 (8.06%) REST
9 129 (7.42%) Redux
10 126 (7.25%) HTML5
11 119 (6.85%) Kafka
12 118 (6.79%) RESTful
13 108 (6.21%) Web Services
14 97 (5.58%) Spring Boot
15 74 (4.26%) ASP.NET
16 66 (3.80%) CSS3
17 65 (3.74%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 62 (3.57%) .NET Framework
19 61 (3.51%) XML
20 59 (3.39%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 169 (9.72%) Greenfield Project
2 82 (4.72%) User Experience
3 57 (3.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 46 (2.65%) Analytical Skills
5 44 (2.53%) Equities
6 31 (1.78%) Hedge funds
7 30 (1.73%) Algorithms
8 29 (1.67%) Mobile App
9 26 (1.50%) Derivative
9 26 (1.50%) Fixed Income
10 24 (1.38%) Data Structures
11 23 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
12 18 (1.04%) Market Risk
13 17 (0.98%) Self-Motivation
14 16 (0.92%) Equity Derivative
15 11 (0.63%) Virtual Team
16 10 (0.58%) Credit Risk
17 9 (0.52%) iPad
18 8 (0.46%) Management Information System
19 7 (0.40%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 92 (5.29%) Linux
2 44 (2.53%) Unix
3 41 (2.36%) Android
4 36 (2.07%) Windows
5 35 (2.01%) Apple iOS
6 5 (0.29%) Windows 10
7 4 (0.23%) Mac OS
8 3 (0.17%) Mac OS X
8 3 (0.17%) VMS
9 2 (0.12%) Solaris
9 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.058%) CentOS
10 1 (0.058%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.058%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 645 (37.11%) Agile Software Development
2 425 (24.45%) TDD
3 303 (17.43%) Microservices
4 168 (9.67%) Front End Development
5 164 (9.44%) BDD
6 163 (9.38%) DevOps
7 154 (8.86%) Scrum
8 143 (8.23%) Business Intelligence
9 131 (7.54%) Test Automation
10 119 (6.85%) Continuous Integration
11 118 (6.79%) Software Engineering
12 117 (6.73%) OO
13 116 (6.67%) MVC
14 107 (6.16%) Unit Testing
15 102 (5.87%) Fintech
15 102 (5.87%) Web Development
16 94 (5.41%) ETL
17 93 (5.35%) SDLC
18 85 (4.89%) Multithreading
19 76 (4.37%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 552 (31.76%) Java
2 538 (30.96%) JavaScript
3 414 (23.82%) SQL
4 316 (18.18%) C#
5 277 (15.94%) Python
6 145 (8.34%) TypeScript
7 101 (5.81%) Java 8
8 90 (5.18%) Scala
9 70 (4.03%) T-SQL
10 69 (3.97%) ES6
11 58 (3.34%) PHP
12 56 (3.22%) C++
13 49 (2.82%) Kotlin
14 41 (2.36%) Ruby
15 39 (2.24%) Go
16 33 (1.90%) Apex Code
17 31 (1.78%) VBA
18 30 (1.73%) PL/SQL
19 25 (1.44%) PowerShell
20 19 (1.09%) R
Qualifications
1 71 (4.09%) Degree
2 48 (2.76%) Security Cleared
3 44 (2.53%) SC Cleared
4 19 (1.09%) Computer Science Degree
5 9 (0.52%) Numerate Degree
6 6 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.23%) PhD
8 2 (0.12%) ISEB
8 2 (0.12%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.058%) CTC Cleared
9 1 (0.058%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.058%) HND
9 1 (0.058%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 1 (0.058%) Master's Degree
9 1 (0.058%) Microsoft Certification
9 1 (0.058%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 47 (2.70%) QA
2 13 (0.75%) Data Quality
3 6 (0.35%) WCAG
4 5 (0.29%) EMIR
4 5 (0.29%) MiFID
5 1 (0.058%) Basel III
5 1 (0.058%) DICOM
5 1 (0.058%) HL7
5 1 (0.058%) ISO 8583
5 1 (0.058%) PCI DSS
5 1 (0.058%) SLA
System Software
1 198 (11.39%) Docker
2 8 (0.46%) Active Directory
2 8 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.40%) HDFS
4 4 (0.23%) Varnish
5 3 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
6 2 (0.12%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.058%) Firmware
7 1 (0.058%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 126 (7.25%) Kubernetes
2 33 (1.90%) Terraform
3 31 (1.78%) Ansible
4 12 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
5 10 (0.58%) Marathon
5 10 (0.58%) Mesos
5 10 (0.58%) Puppet
6 9 (0.52%) Opscode Chef
7 8 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
8 7 (0.40%) Cobbler
9 6 (0.35%) MIIS
9 6 (0.35%) Single Sign-On
10 5 (0.29%) Istio
11 4 (0.23%) Grafana
12 3 (0.17%) Prometheus
13 2 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
13 2 (0.12%) Kibana
14 1 (0.058%) HP ALM
14 1 (0.058%) logstash
14 1 (0.058%) SCCM
Vendors
1 132 (7.59%) Microsoft
2 84 (4.83%) Oracle
3 65 (3.74%) Google
4 48 (2.76%) Salesforce.com
5 37 (2.13%) Tableau
6 17 (0.98%) Informatica
6 17 (0.98%) Sitecore
7 14 (0.81%) Atlassian
7 14 (0.81%) Sybase
8 13 (0.75%) TIBCO
9 10 (0.58%) ServiceNow
10 9 (0.52%) Adobe
11 8 (0.46%) Cognos
11 8 (0.46%) New Relic
11 8 (0.46%) Splunk
12 7 (0.40%) Blue Prism
12 7 (0.40%) SAP
13 6 (0.35%) Automation Anywhere
13 6 (0.35%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud
13 6 (0.35%) UiPath