Period
to 1 April 2020

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 1 2 1
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,268 2,099 2,411
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 30.05% 31.11% 33.91%
As % of the Job Titles category 32.23% 32.95% 35.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,032 1,785 2,095
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £388 £409 £363
90th Percentile £688 £687 £725
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £505
% change year-on-year - +3.96% +6.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 2 11
Median hourly rate £55.00 £82.25 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.13% +282.56% -38.57%
10th Percentile £42.00 £31.18 £21.25
90th Percentile £63.50 £133.13 £67.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
% change year-on-year - +62.79% -38.57%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 3,934 6,371 6,724
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.22% 94.41% 94.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,937 4,926 5,323
Median daily rate £500 £513 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.44% +2.50% +5.26%
10th Percentile £292 £310 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
Central London median daily rate £500 £510 £500
% change year-on-year -1.96% +2.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 76 61 104
Median hourly rate £25.00 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.69% - +3.89%
10th Percentile £12.50 £12.76 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.75 £42.00 £38.13
Median hourly rate £27.00 £19.50 £18.70
% change year-on-year +38.46% +4.28% +8.59%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram in the City of London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London Bridge 0 14 £438 -16.67%
Moorgate +14 11 £450 -14.29% 1
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 461 (36.36%) Agile Software Development
2 375 (29.57%) Java
3 311 (24.53%) JavaScript
4 293 (23.11%) Finance
5 276 (21.77%) TDD
6 275 (21.69%) SQL
7 257 (20.27%) C#
8 233 (18.38%) HTML
9 223 (17.59%) CSS
10 205 (16.17%) .NET
11 197 (15.54%) Python
11 197 (15.54%) Microservices
12 178 (14.04%) AngularJS
13 159 (12.54%) React
14 156 (12.30%) SQL Server
15 148 (11.67%) Spring
16 145 (11.44%) Banking
17 144 (11.36%) Greenfield Project
18 143 (11.28%) Azure
19 118 (9.31%) AWS
20 112 (8.83%) Docker
21 111 (8.75%) Front Office
22 108 (8.52%) Scrum
23 107 (8.44%) BDD
24 106 (8.36%) DevOps
25 103 (8.12%) Microsoft
26 98 (7.73%) Oracle
27 96 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
27 96 (7.57%) Front End Development
28 95 (7.49%) Git (software)

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (3.63%) Elasticsearch
2 32 (2.52%) Apache Spark
3 30 (2.37%) CMS
4 20 (1.58%) Confluence
5 18 (1.42%) WordPress
6 16 (1.26%) SharePoint
7 15 (1.18%) Apache
8 10 (0.79%) Cloud Foundry
9 9 (0.71%) Drupal
9 9 (0.71%) WebLogic
10 8 (0.63%) IIS
11 7 (0.55%) nginx
12 5 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 5 (0.39%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.32%) SAS
14 3 (0.24%) Ethereum
14 3 (0.24%) Sitecore CMS
14 3 (0.24%) Umbraco
15 2 (0.16%) Appian
15 2 (0.16%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 44 (3.47%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.39%) Photoshop
2 5 (0.39%) Sketch
2 5 (0.39%) Zeplin
3 3 (0.24%) Adobe XD
3 3 (0.24%) InVision
4 2 (0.16%) Acrobat
4 2 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.16%) Figma
4 2 (0.16%) Lectora
4 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.079%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.079%) InfoPath
5 1 (0.079%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 16 (1.26%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (1.10%) Magento
3 6 (0.47%) Sophis RISQUE
3 6 (0.47%) Temenos T24
4 4 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 3 (0.24%) Endur
5 3 (0.24%) Front Arena
5 3 (0.24%) Maximo
6 2 (0.16%) Dynamics AX
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle FAH
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
6 2 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
6 2 (0.16%) PeopleSoft Financials
6 2 (0.16%) SAP Business ByDesign
6 2 (0.16%) Shopify
6 2 (0.16%) Temenos Globus
7 1 (0.079%) Oracle EBS R12
7 1 (0.079%) Oracle ERP
7 1 (0.079%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.079%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 143 (11.28%) Azure
2 118 (9.31%) AWS
3 55 (4.34%) GCP
4 51 (4.02%) Power Platform
5 40 (3.15%) GitHub
6 36 (2.84%) Serverless
7 17 (1.34%) AWS Lambda
8 15 (1.18%) Dynamics 365
9 14 (1.10%) Azure Data Factory
10 13 (1.03%) SaaS
11 10 (0.79%) PaaS
12 9 (0.71%) Azure Active Directory
12 9 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
13 8 (0.63%) Azure Functions
14 7 (0.55%) Amazon Cognito
14 7 (0.55%) npm
14 7 (0.55%) Office 365
15 6 (0.47%) Apigee
15 6 (0.47%) Data Lake Analytics
15 6 (0.47%) Microsoft Flow
Communications & Networking
1 17 (1.34%) HTTP
2 9 (0.71%) SSL
3 7 (0.55%) TCP/IP
4 6 (0.47%) DNS
4 6 (0.47%) FTP
5 4 (0.32%) Multicast
6 3 (0.24%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.079%) AMQP
7 1 (0.079%) Broadband
7 1 (0.079%) DSL
7 1 (0.079%) Ethernet
7 1 (0.079%) Firewall
7 1 (0.079%) Intranet
7 1 (0.079%) IPv4
7 1 (0.079%) IPv6
7 1 (0.079%) OpenVPN
7 1 (0.079%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 156 (12.30%) SQL Server
2 63 (4.97%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 56 (4.42%) Data Warehouse
3 56 (4.42%) MySQL
4 50 (3.94%) Power BI
5 46 (3.63%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 38 (3.00%) NoSQL
7 37 (2.92%) PostgreSQL
8 34 (2.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 28 (2.21%) MongoDB
10 27 (2.13%) Azure SQL Database
10 27 (2.13%) Relational Database
11 17 (1.34%) Redis
12 15 (1.18%) Big Data
13 14 (1.10%) Data Lake
13 14 (1.10%) RDBMS
14 13 (1.03%) Hadoop
15 11 (0.87%) Oracle Database
16 10 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
16 10 (0.79%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 95 (7.49%) Git (software)
2 53 (4.18%) Jenkins
3 52 (4.10%) JIRA
4 38 (3.00%) Visual Studio
5 29 (2.29%) JUnit
6 26 (2.05%) Maven
7 22 (1.74%) Mockito
7 22 (1.74%) TeamCity
8 21 (1.66%) Team Foundation Server
9 19 (1.50%) Gradle
10 16 (1.26%) GitLab
11 14 (1.10%) Octopus Deploy
12 12 (0.95%) Cucumber
13 11 (0.87%) Ant
13 11 (0.87%) SpecFlow
14 10 (0.79%) Selenium
14 10 (0.79%) Travis CI
15 9 (0.71%) Bitbucket
15 9 (0.71%) Subversion
15 9 (0.71%) webpack
General
1 293 (23.11%) Finance
2 145 (11.44%) Banking
3 111 (8.75%) Front Office
4 58 (4.57%) Investment Banking
5 30 (2.37%) Games
5 30 (2.37%) Marketing
6 22 (1.74%) Law
7 20 (1.58%) Public Sector
8 18 (1.42%) Retail
9 17 (1.34%) Advertising
10 15 (1.18%) Financial Institution
11 11 (0.87%) Back Office
11 11 (0.87%) Publishing
12 8 (0.63%) International Banking
13 5 (0.39%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.32%) Automotive
14 4 (0.32%) Telecoms
15 3 (0.24%) Legal
16 2 (0.16%) Electronics
16 2 (0.16%) Local Government
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 233 (18.38%) HTML
2 223 (17.59%) CSS
3 205 (16.17%) .NET
4 178 (14.04%) AngularJS
5 159 (12.54%) React
6 148 (11.67%) Spring
7 93 (7.33%) REST
8 89 (7.02%) Node.js
9 84 (6.62%) RESTful
10 81 (6.39%) HTML5
11 79 (6.23%) Web Services
12 68 (5.36%) Kafka
12 68 (5.36%) Redux
13 66 (5.21%) Spring Boot
14 46 (3.63%) ASP.NET
15 41 (3.23%) CSS3
16 40 (3.15%) jQuery
17 38 (3.00%) WPF
18 35 (2.76%) Ruby on Rails
18 35 (2.76%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 144 (11.36%) Greenfield Project
2 81 (6.39%) User Experience
3 47 (3.71%) Analytical Skills
4 37 (2.92%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 31 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
5 31 (2.44%) Mobile App
6 29 (2.29%) Derivative
7 28 (2.21%) Fixed Income
8 26 (2.05%) Hedge funds
9 25 (1.97%) Self-Motivation
10 21 (1.66%) Data Structures
11 18 (1.42%) Equities
12 16 (1.26%) Algorithms
13 11 (0.87%) Cloud Native
13 11 (0.87%) Market Risk
14 9 (0.71%) W3C
15 8 (0.63%) Credit Risk
15 8 (0.63%) Virtual Team
16 6 (0.47%) Equity Derivative
16 6 (0.47%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 61 (4.81%) Linux
2 48 (3.79%) Android
3 40 (3.15%) Apple iOS
4 35 (2.76%) Windows
5 31 (2.44%) Unix
6 3 (0.24%) Windows Server
7 2 (0.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.16%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.16%) Windows 7
8 1 (0.079%) Debian
8 1 (0.079%) Mac OS
8 1 (0.079%) Mac OS X
8 1 (0.079%) Solaris
8 1 (0.079%) VMS
8 1 (0.079%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 461 (36.36%) Agile Software Development
2 276 (21.77%) TDD
3 197 (15.54%) Microservices
4 108 (8.52%) Scrum
5 107 (8.44%) BDD
6 106 (8.36%) DevOps
7 96 (7.57%) Continuous Integration
7 96 (7.57%) Front End Development
8 94 (7.41%) Test Automation
9 82 (6.47%) Multithreading
10 79 (6.23%) Business Intelligence
11 76 (5.99%) OO
12 67 (5.28%) Pair Programming
12 67 (5.28%) Software Engineering
13 65 (5.13%) Web Development
14 62 (4.89%) Fintech
15 56 (4.42%) E-Commerce
15 56 (4.42%) Unit Testing
16 55 (4.34%) Analytics
16 55 (4.34%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 375 (29.57%) Java
2 311 (24.53%) JavaScript
3 275 (21.69%) SQL
4 257 (20.27%) C#
5 197 (15.54%) Python
6 88 (6.94%) TypeScript
7 81 (6.39%) PHP
8 68 (5.36%) Java 8
9 53 (4.18%) Ruby
10 49 (3.86%) C++
11 47 (3.71%) Kotlin
12 45 (3.55%) Scala
13 43 (3.39%) T-SQL
14 33 (2.60%) VB.NET
15 32 (2.52%) VBA
16 28 (2.21%) PL/SQL
17 20 (1.58%) Go
17 20 (1.58%) PowerShell
18 19 (1.50%) Apple Swift
19 18 (1.42%) ES6
Qualifications
1 55 (4.34%) Degree
2 32 (2.52%) Security Cleared
3 27 (2.13%) SC Cleared
4 17 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
5 5 (0.39%) Master's Degree
6 4 (0.32%) MCITP
6 4 (0.32%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (0.24%) BC Cleared
8 2 (0.16%) BPSS Clearance
8 2 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
8 2 (0.16%) PhD
9 1 (0.079%) DBS Check
9 1 (0.079%) DV Cleared
9 1 (0.079%) ISEB
9 1 (0.079%) ISTQB
9 1 (0.079%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
9 1 (0.079%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.94%) QA
2 8 (0.63%) WCAG
3 7 (0.55%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.47%) MiFID
5 2 (0.16%) EMIR
5 2 (0.16%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.079%) Basel III
6 1 (0.079%) DICOM
6 1 (0.079%) GxP
6 1 (0.079%) HL7
6 1 (0.079%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.079%) PMO
6 1 (0.079%) SLA
System Software
1 112 (8.83%) Docker
2 13 (1.03%) Active Directory
3 5 (0.39%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (0.32%) HDFS
5 2 (0.16%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.079%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 87 (6.86%) Kubernetes
2 21 (1.66%) Terraform
3 15 (1.18%) Ansible
4 9 (0.71%) Kibana
5 6 (0.47%) MIIS
6 5 (0.39%) Docker Swarm
6 5 (0.39%) Istio
6 5 (0.39%) logstash
7 4 (0.32%) Hadoop YARN
7 4 (0.32%) Puppet
8 3 (0.24%) Control-M
8 3 (0.24%) Opscode Chef
9 2 (0.16%) Prometheus
9 2 (0.16%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (0.079%) Grafana
10 1 (0.079%) ITRS Geneos
10 1 (0.079%) Rancher
10 1 (0.079%) Zipkin
Vendors
1 103 (8.12%) Microsoft
2 98 (7.73%) Oracle
3 54 (4.26%) Google
4 23 (1.81%) Salesforce.com
5 20 (1.58%) Tableau
6 13 (1.03%) SAP
7 12 (0.95%) Adobe
7 12 (0.95%) Atlassian
7 12 (0.95%) OpenLink
8 11 (0.87%) Murex
8 11 (0.87%) SunGard
8 11 (0.87%) Sybase
9 10 (0.79%) Informatica
10 9 (0.71%) Facebook
11 8 (0.63%) Cognos
11 8 (0.63%) Sitecore
12 6 (0.47%) Hyperion
12 6 (0.47%) ServiceNow
12 6 (0.47%) Sophis
12 6 (0.47%) Temenos