Period
to 22 January 2022

The median contractor rate for a Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies in the City of London during the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Developer
Central London > City of London
6 months to
22 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 3 1 1
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 0
Contract jobs requiring a Developer 1,012 588 1,477
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 25.50% 28.16% 29.66%
As % of the Job Titles category 27.61% 30.48% 31.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 787 469 1,246
10th Percentile £413 £363 £390
25th Percentile £497 £438 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £688 £638 £625
90th Percentile £775 £725 £688
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
% change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile £65.25 - £61.67
Median hourly rate £66.50 - £63.33
75th Percentile £67.75 - £65.00
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate £66.50 - £63.33
% change year-on-year - - +233.32%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the City of London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
City of London
Contract vacancies in the City of London with a recognized job title 3,665 1,929 4,652
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.34% 92.39% 93.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,840 1,457 3,664
10th Percentile £358 £306 £300
25th Percentile £463 £413 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £515 £500
Median % change year-on-year +6.80% +3.00% -
75th Percentile £650 £603 £600
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
Central London median daily rate £550 £510 £500
% change year-on-year +7.84% +2.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 20 60
10th Percentile £13.88 £16.58 £12.38
25th Percentile £18.63 £20.74 £14.19
Median hourly rate £34.75 £24.75 £19.75
Median % change year-on-year +40.40% +25.32% +5.61%
75th Percentile £51.50 £36.69 £25.50
90th Percentile £62.50 £46.18 £49.50
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £26.50 £20.00
% change year-on-year +32.08% +32.50% +6.95%

Developer
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings that featured Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Developer in the City of London over the 6 months to 22 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Developer in the City of London.

Hourly rate trend for Developer in the City of London

Developer
Contract Job Locations in the City of London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Developer within the City of London region over the 6 months to 22 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London Bridge - 9 £738 -
Developer
Central London

Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London

For the 6 months to 22 January 2022, Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region featuring Developer in the job title.

1 364 (35.97%) Agile Software Development
2 307 (30.34%) Java
3 268 (26.48%) Finance
4 238 (23.52%) TDD
5 235 (23.22%) SQL
6 228 (22.53%) JavaScript
7 200 (19.76%) C#
8 185 (18.28%) .NET
9 176 (17.39%) Python
10 174 (17.19%) Azure
11 173 (17.09%) Banking
12 162 (16.01%) DevOps
13 159 (15.71%) AWS
14 158 (15.61%) React
15 157 (15.51%) CI/CD
16 145 (14.33%) HTML
17 144 (14.23%) CSS
18 135 (13.34%) Microservices
19 125 (12.35%) SQL Server
20 121 (11.96%) Full Stack Development
21 119 (11.76%) AngularJS
22 117 (11.56%) Docker
23 116 (11.46%) Software Engineering
24 115 (11.36%) Git (software)
24 115 (11.36%) Front Office
25 109 (10.77%) Social Skills
26 104 (10.28%) Oracle
27 100 (9.88%) Spring
28 94 (9.29%) Scrum
29 88 (8.70%) BDD

Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (3.06%) SharePoint
2 23 (2.27%) Apache Spark
3 22 (2.17%) CMS
4 16 (1.58%) Confluence
5 14 (1.38%) WebLogic
6 10 (0.99%) Apache
6 10 (0.99%) IIS
7 8 (0.79%) Drupal
8 7 (0.69%) Headless CMS
9 6 (0.59%) JBoss
10 5 (0.49%) Moodle
11 4 (0.40%) Appian
11 4 (0.40%) Oracle Coherence
11 4 (0.40%) Red Hat Fuse
11 4 (0.40%) WordPress
12 3 (0.30%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.30%) nginx
12 3 (0.30%) NServiceBus
12 3 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 3 (0.30%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 42 (4.15%) Microsoft Excel
2 7 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
4 2 (0.20%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 12 (1.19%) TIBCO iProcess
2 7 (0.69%) FINCAD Analytics
3 5 (0.49%) ION MarketView
4 4 (0.40%) Dynamics CRM
4 4 (0.40%) SunGard Martini
5 3 (0.30%) Temenos Globus
5 3 (0.30%) Temenos T24
6 2 (0.20%) Magento
6 2 (0.20%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.20%) Orchestrade
6 2 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 1 (0.099%) CA PPM
7 1 (0.099%) Cognos Controller
7 1 (0.099%) Maximo
7 1 (0.099%) Northgate Housing
7 1 (0.099%) RMDS
7 1 (0.099%) SAP BPC
7 1 (0.099%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 174 (17.19%) Azure
2 159 (15.71%) AWS
3 46 (4.55%) Power Platform
4 41 (4.05%) GitHub
5 30 (2.96%) GCP
6 25 (2.47%) Serverless
7 23 (2.27%) SaaS
8 17 (1.68%) AWS CloudFormation
9 15 (1.48%) Power Automate
9 15 (1.48%) PowerApps
10 14 (1.38%) Amazon S3
11 12 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
12 11 (1.09%) Azure Data Factory
12 11 (1.09%) Azure Service Bus
13 9 (0.89%) PaaS
14 8 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
14 8 (0.79%) Azure Logic Apps
14 8 (0.79%) IaaS
14 8 (0.79%) Snowflake
15 7 (0.69%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 14 (1.38%) HTTP
2 8 (0.79%) Internet
3 5 (0.49%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.30%) BGP
4 3 (0.30%) DNS
4 3 (0.30%) IPsec
4 3 (0.30%) LAN
4 3 (0.30%) SSL
5 2 (0.20%) AMQP
5 2 (0.20%) MQTT
6 1 (0.099%) Firewall
6 1 (0.099%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.099%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.099%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 125 (12.35%) SQL Server
2 50 (4.94%) NoSQL
3 46 (4.55%) Oracle Database
4 40 (3.95%) PostgreSQL
5 38 (3.75%) MySQL
6 35 (3.46%) Power BI
7 30 (2.96%) Relational Database
8 29 (2.87%) Big Data
8 29 (2.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 28 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
10 27 (2.67%) MongoDB
11 22 (2.17%) Tableau
12 14 (1.38%) RDBMS
12 14 (1.38%) Redis
13 12 (1.19%) SQL Server Reporting Services
14 9 (0.89%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 8 (0.79%) Data Lake
15 8 (0.79%) Parquet
16 7 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 7 (0.69%) Hadoop
Development Applications
1 115 (11.36%) Git (software)
2 66 (6.52%) Jenkins
3 49 (4.84%) JIRA
4 46 (4.55%) Visual Studio
5 31 (3.06%) Maven
6 23 (2.27%) webpack
7 19 (1.88%) Cucumber
8 18 (1.78%) Team Foundation Server
9 16 (1.58%) GitLab
10 14 (1.38%) CircleCI
11 13 (1.28%) Grunt
12 12 (1.19%) gulp
13 11 (1.09%) Jasmine
14 9 (0.89%) GoCD
15 8 (0.79%) Bitbucket
15 8 (0.79%) Octopus Deploy
15 8 (0.79%) Subversion
15 8 (0.79%) TeamCity
16 7 (0.69%) Gatling
16 7 (0.69%) JUnit
General
1 268 (26.48%) Finance
2 173 (17.09%) Banking
3 115 (11.36%) Front Office
4 109 (10.77%) Social Skills
5 83 (8.20%) Investment Banking
6 38 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
7 24 (2.37%) Retail
8 23 (2.27%) Games
9 19 (1.88%) Financial Institution
10 16 (1.58%) Back Office
11 13 (1.28%) Legal
12 12 (1.19%) Publishing
13 11 (1.09%) Marketing
14 8 (0.79%) Law
15 7 (0.69%) Advertising
16 5 (0.49%) International Banking
16 5 (0.49%) Presentation Skills
16 5 (0.49%) Public Sector
16 5 (0.49%) Telecoms
17 3 (0.30%) Billing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (18.28%) .NET
2 158 (15.61%) React
3 145 (14.33%) HTML
4 144 (14.23%) CSS
5 119 (11.76%) AngularJS
6 100 (9.88%) Spring
7 76 (7.51%) Node.js
8 72 (7.11%) .NET Framework
9 69 (6.82%) REST
10 62 (6.13%) RESTful
11 54 (5.34%) ASP.NET
11 54 (5.34%) Kafka
12 50 (4.94%) HTML5
13 49 (4.84%) Sass
14 47 (4.64%) Vue.js
15 45 (4.45%) JSON
15 45 (4.45%) Web Services
16 44 (4.35%) XML
17 40 (3.95%) .NET Core
18 38 (3.75%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 73 (7.21%) Greenfield Project
2 65 (6.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 63 (6.23%) Fixed Income
4 55 (5.43%) User Experience
5 49 (4.84%) Derivative
6 26 (2.57%) Data Structures
7 25 (2.47%) Management Information System
8 24 (2.37%) Mobile App
9 22 (2.17%) Enterprise Software
9 22 (2.17%) Equities
9 22 (2.17%) Hedge funds
10 12 (1.19%) Algorithms
11 11 (1.09%) Legacy Systems
11 11 (1.09%) Social Media
12 7 (0.69%) Cloud Native
13 6 (0.59%) e-Learning
13 6 (0.59%) Learning Management System
13 6 (0.59%) Public Cloud
13 6 (0.59%) Self-Motivation
14 5 (0.49%) SCORM
Operating Systems
1 56 (5.53%) Linux
2 52 (5.14%) Windows
3 42 (4.15%) Unix
4 22 (2.17%) Android
5 20 (1.98%) Apple iOS
6 12 (1.19%) Mesosphere
7 4 (0.40%) Mac OS
7 4 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.40%) Windows Server
8 2 (0.20%) Windows 10
9 1 (0.099%) Android TV
9 1 (0.099%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 364 (35.97%) Agile Software Development
2 238 (23.52%) TDD
3 162 (16.01%) DevOps
4 157 (15.51%) CI/CD
5 135 (13.34%) Microservices
6 121 (11.96%) Full Stack Development
7 116 (11.46%) Software Engineering
8 94 (9.29%) Scrum
9 88 (8.70%) BDD
10 83 (8.20%) Front End Development
11 81 (8.00%) SDLC
12 73 (7.21%) Continuous Integration
13 63 (6.23%) OO
14 62 (6.13%) Analytics
14 62 (6.13%) Problem-Solving
15 59 (5.83%) Fintech
16 58 (5.73%) Multithreading
16 58 (5.73%) Test Automation
17 56 (5.53%) MVC
18 53 (5.24%) Business Intelligence
Programming Languages
1 307 (30.34%) Java
2 235 (23.22%) SQL
3 228 (22.53%) JavaScript
4 200 (19.76%) C#
5 176 (17.39%) Python
6 71 (7.02%) TypeScript
7 47 (4.64%) C++
8 45 (4.45%) VBA
9 43 (4.25%) PHP
9 43 (4.25%) T-SQL
10 42 (4.15%) Kotlin
11 41 (4.05%) Scala
12 40 (3.95%) Ruby
13 32 (3.16%) PL/SQL
14 28 (2.77%) VB
15 26 (2.57%) VB.NET
16 24 (2.37%) C
16 24 (2.37%) Java 11
16 24 (2.37%) Java 8
17 18 (1.78%) ES6
Qualifications
1 41 (4.05%) Degree
2 31 (3.06%) Security Cleared
3 26 (2.57%) SC Cleared
4 19 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
5 6 (0.59%) AWS Certification
6 5 (0.49%) Sun Certification
7 3 (0.30%) BPSS Clearance
7 3 (0.30%) CTC Cleared
7 3 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
7 3 (0.30%) OCPJP
7 3 (0.30%) PhD
8 1 (0.099%) ACCA
8 1 (0.099%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (3.06%) QA
2 17 (1.68%) Accessibility
3 13 (1.28%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.99%) GDPR
5 3 (0.30%) SLA
6 2 (0.20%) WCAG
7 1 (0.099%) COREP
7 1 (0.099%) FINREP
7 1 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.099%) MiFID
System Software
1 117 (11.56%) Docker
2 7 (0.69%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.099%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.099%) LXC
4 1 (0.099%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.099%) Terminal Server
4 1 (0.099%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 73 (7.21%) Kubernetes
2 49 (4.84%) Terraform
3 21 (2.08%) Ansible
4 7 (0.69%) Grafana
4 7 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
4 7 (0.69%) Prometheus
5 3 (0.30%) Kibana
5 3 (0.30%) Marathon
5 3 (0.30%) Mesos
6 2 (0.20%) Control-M
6 2 (0.20%) Packer
6 2 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
7 1 (0.099%) Bugsnag
7 1 (0.099%) MIIS
Vendors
1 104 (10.28%) Oracle
2 69 (6.82%) Microsoft
3 28 (2.77%) Salesforce.com
4 18 (1.78%) TIBCO
5 13 (1.28%) AppDynamics
6 9 (0.89%) Google
7 8 (0.79%) Alteryx
7 8 (0.79%) DevExpress
7 8 (0.79%) Sybase
8 7 (0.69%) Databricks
9 6 (0.59%) Cloudera
9 6 (0.59%) Informatica
9 6 (0.59%) ION Trading
9 6 (0.59%) ServiceNow
9 6 (0.59%) Talend
10 4 (0.40%) Conga
10 4 (0.40%) Nintex
10 4 (0.40%) SAP
10 4 (0.40%) SunGard
11 3 (0.30%) OutSystems