Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CI/CD
Central London > City of London
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 19 17
Rank change year-on-year +6 -2 +7
Contract jobs citing CI/CD 487 223 246
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the City of London 11.54% 7.75% 7.91%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 12.64% 8.48% 8.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 383 182 207
10th Percentile £463 £425 £425
25th Percentile £518 £463 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £625 £575 £575
Median % change year-on-year +8.70% - +4.55%
75th Percentile £738 £650 £650
90th Percentile £813 £717 £707
Central London median daily rate £600 £575 £550
% change year-on-year +4.35% +4.55% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
10th Percentile - - -
25th Percentile - - £53.75
Median hourly rate - - £57.50
75th Percentile - - £61.25
90th Percentile - - -
Central London median hourly rate - - £57.50
% change year-on-year - - +447.62%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the City of London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
City of London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 3,854 2,631 2,747
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the City of London 91.35% 91.48% 88.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,900 1,911 2,046
10th Percentile £388 £340 £334
25th Percentile £475 £431 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £515
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% +1.94% -1.90%
75th Percentile £688 £638 £602
90th Percentile £775 £713 £675
Central London median daily rate £570 £525 £500
% change year-on-year +8.57% +5.00% -4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 29 50
10th Percentile £18.50 £8.00 £12.42
25th Percentile £21.06 £12.38 £14.41
Median hourly rate £40.50 £23.45 £24.06
Median % change year-on-year +72.71% -2.54% +23.38%
75th Percentile £54.38 £28.75 £39.25
90th Percentile £62.50 £38.40 £52.55
Central London median hourly rate £40.50 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +102.50% -20.00% +26.58%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in the City of London

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the City of London.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the City of London

CI/CD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the City of London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in the City of London.

Daily rate trend for CI/CD in the City of London

CI/CD
Daily Rate Histogram in the City of London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in the City of London over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CI/CD in the City of London

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the City of London region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 269 (55.24%) DevOps
2 218 (44.76%) Agile
3 209 (42.92%) AWS
4 194 (39.84%) Terraform
5 192 (39.43%) Docker
6 174 (35.73%) Kubernetes
7 164 (33.68%) Azure
8 155 (31.83%) Jenkins
9 136 (27.93%) Infrastructure as Code
10 129 (26.49%) Java
11 125 (25.67%) Finance
12 114 (23.41%) Python
13 103 (21.15%) Git (software)
14 98 (20.12%) Microservices
15 92 (18.89%) Serverless
16 91 (18.69%) TDD
17 82 (16.84%) Continuous Integration
18 78 (16.02%) Test Automation
19 75 (15.40%) REST
20 74 (15.20%) JavaScript
21 73 (14.99%) SQL
22 70 (14.37%) PowerShell
22 70 (14.37%) Social Skills
23 62 (12.73%) JIRA
24 60 (12.32%) Ansible
25 57 (11.70%) Microsoft
26 56 (11.50%) Spring
27 55 (11.29%) Software Engineering
28 52 (10.68%) Data Protection
29 50 (10.27%) .NET

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the City of London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (9.03%) Confluence
2 20 (4.11%) Apache Spark
3 8 (1.64%) Tomcat
4 7 (1.44%) Apache Airflow
4 7 (1.44%) NServiceBus
5 6 (1.23%) Elasticsearch
6 5 (1.03%) WebLogic
7 4 (0.82%) SharePoint
8 3 (0.62%) Apache
8 3 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
8 3 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
9 2 (0.41%) Apache Pig
9 2 (0.41%) GlassFish
9 2 (0.41%) IIS
9 2 (0.41%) nginx
10 1 (0.21%) Camunda
10 1 (0.21%) JBoss
10 1 (0.21%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.21%) Oracle Coherence
10 1 (0.21%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.41%) Cloudability
2 1 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.21%) ION MarketView
Cloud Services
1 209 (42.92%) AWS
2 164 (33.68%) Azure
3 92 (18.89%) Serverless
4 47 (9.65%) GitHub
5 41 (8.42%) AWS Lambda
6 37 (7.60%) GCP
7 36 (7.39%) SaaS
8 32 (6.57%) AWS CloudFormation
8 32 (6.57%) PaaS
9 27 (5.54%) IaaS
10 26 (5.34%) Amazon S3
11 23 (4.72%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 19 (3.90%) Amazon EC2
12 19 (3.90%) Snowflake
13 18 (3.70%) Amazon EKS
13 18 (3.70%) OpenShift
14 17 (3.49%) Amazon ECS
14 17 (3.49%) AWS CodePipeline
15 16 (3.29%) Power Platform
16 15 (3.08%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 23 (4.72%) DNS
2 11 (2.26%) SSL
3 10 (2.05%) Internet
4 8 (1.64%) Firewall
4 8 (1.64%) VPN
5 5 (1.03%) HTTP
5 5 (1.03%) tcpdump
6 4 (0.82%) DHCP
6 4 (0.82%) Network Security
7 3 (0.62%) IPv6
7 3 (0.62%) Kerberos
7 3 (0.62%) NGN
7 3 (0.62%) SD-WAN
7 3 (0.62%) TCP/IP
7 3 (0.62%) WAN
8 1 (0.21%) AMQP
8 1 (0.21%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (8.62%) NoSQL
2 35 (7.19%) Data Warehouse
3 34 (6.98%) SQL Server
4 33 (6.78%) MongoDB
5 24 (4.93%) Big Data
6 22 (4.52%) Relational Database
7 20 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
8 12 (2.46%) Data Lake
9 11 (2.26%) Redis
10 10 (2.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 10 (2.05%) RDBMS
11 9 (1.85%) MySQL
12 7 (1.44%) Amazon RDS
12 7 (1.44%) Power BI
13 6 (1.23%) Data Vault
13 6 (1.23%) Hadoop
13 6 (1.23%) Oracle Database
13 6 (1.23%) Parquet
13 6 (1.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 5 (1.03%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 155 (31.83%) Jenkins
2 103 (21.15%) Git (software)
3 62 (12.73%) JIRA
4 49 (10.06%) TeamCity
5 48 (9.86%) GitLab
6 39 (8.01%) Cucumber
7 38 (7.80%) Maven
8 17 (3.49%) Bitbucket
9 15 (3.08%) webpack
10 14 (2.87%) Moq
10 14 (2.87%) NUnit
11 13 (2.67%) Terragrunt
12 12 (2.46%) CircleCI
13 10 (2.05%) Visual Studio
14 9 (1.85%) JUnit
15 8 (1.64%) Artifactory
15 8 (1.64%) Selenium
16 7 (1.44%) Gradle
17 6 (1.23%) SonarQube
17 6 (1.23%) Subversion
General
1 125 (25.67%) Finance
2 70 (14.37%) Social Skills
3 48 (9.86%) Financial Institution
3 48 (9.86%) Legal
4 39 (8.01%) Banking
5 18 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
6 17 (3.49%) Front Office
7 15 (3.08%) Tech for Good
8 14 (2.87%) Investment Banking
9 9 (1.85%) Retail
10 8 (1.64%) Public Sector
11 5 (1.03%) Presentation Skills
12 4 (0.82%) Documentation Skills
12 4 (0.82%) Inclusion and Diversity
12 4 (0.82%) Law
13 3 (0.62%) Automotive
13 3 (0.62%) Influencing Skills
13 3 (0.62%) International Banking
13 3 (0.62%) Organisational Skills
13 3 (0.62%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 178 (36.55%) Developer
2 86 (17.66%) DevOps Engineer
3 67 (13.76%) Java Developer
4 37 (7.60%) Architect
4 37 (7.60%) Senior Developer
5 32 (6.57%) AWS Engineer
6 31 (6.37%) Senior DevOps
7 27 (5.54%) AWS DevOps
8 25 (5.13%) .NET Developer
8 25 (5.13%) Cloud Engineer
9 24 (4.93%) Azure Engineer
10 22 (4.52%) AWS DevOps Engineer
11 19 (3.90%) Data Engineer
12 16 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
12 16 (3.29%) Senior DevOps Engineer
13 15 (3.08%) Senior .NET Developer
14 14 (2.87%) Java Engineer
15 13 (2.67%) AWS Architect
15 13 (2.67%) Node.js Developer
15 13 (2.67%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 75 (15.40%) REST
2 56 (11.50%) Spring
3 50 (10.27%) .NET
4 42 (8.62%) RESTful
5 40 (8.21%) Node.js
5 40 (8.21%) React
6 38 (7.80%) Kafka
7 36 (7.39%) HTML
8 34 (6.98%) AngularJS
9 32 (6.57%) CSS
10 25 (5.13%) RabbitMQ
11 24 (4.93%) Spring Boot
12 21 (4.31%) .NET Core
12 21 (4.31%) JSON
13 20 (4.11%) Web Services
13 20 (4.11%) XML
14 18 (3.70%) ASP.NET
14 18 (3.70%) HTML5
15 16 (3.29%) ASP.NET Core
16 15 (3.08%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 45 (9.24%) Hedge funds
2 41 (8.42%) Cloud Native
3 38 (7.80%) Public Cloud
4 18 (3.70%) Greenfield Project
5 17 (3.49%) User Experience
6 16 (3.29%) Hybrid Cloud
7 15 (3.08%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (1.23%) Data Centre
8 6 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
8 6 (1.23%) Legacy Systems
8 6 (1.23%) Mobile App
8 6 (1.23%) Virtual Team
9 5 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
9 5 (1.03%) Management Information System
10 4 (0.82%) Blockchain
10 4 (0.82%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 3 (0.62%) Replication
12 2 (0.41%) Credit Risk
12 2 (0.41%) Mainframe
12 2 (0.41%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 48 (9.86%) Linux
2 20 (4.11%) Windows
3 9 (1.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 5 (1.03%) Ubuntu
4 5 (1.03%) Windows Server
5 4 (0.82%) CentOS
5 4 (0.82%) Unix
5 4 (0.82%) Windows Server 2008
6 3 (0.62%) Windows Server 2012
7 2 (0.41%) Android
7 2 (0.41%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.41%) Solaris
8 1 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.21%) SUSE
8 1 (0.21%) VMS
8 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.21%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 269 (55.24%) DevOps
2 218 (44.76%) Agile
3 136 (27.93%) Infrastructure as Code
4 98 (20.12%) Microservices
5 91 (18.69%) TDD
6 82 (16.84%) Continuous Integration
7 78 (16.02%) Test Automation
8 55 (11.29%) Software Engineering
9 52 (10.68%) Data Protection
10 50 (10.27%) Continuous Delivery
11 46 (9.45%) Scrum
12 43 (8.83%) Full Stack Development
12 43 (8.83%) Migration
13 39 (8.01%) Configuration Management
13 39 (8.01%) Platform Engineering
14 32 (6.57%) AOP
14 32 (6.57%) Unit Testing
15 31 (6.37%) Data Science
15 31 (6.37%) SDLC
16 29 (5.95%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 129 (26.49%) Java
2 114 (23.41%) Python
3 74 (15.20%) JavaScript
4 73 (14.99%) SQL
5 70 (14.37%) PowerShell
6 31 (6.37%) C#
7 30 (6.16%) Bash
8 20 (4.11%) Go
9 18 (3.70%) TypeScript
10 16 (3.29%) Ruby
11 13 (2.67%) Scala
12 11 (2.26%) ES6
13 10 (2.05%) Kotlin
14 9 (1.85%) Perl
15 8 (1.64%) PHP
16 7 (1.44%) Groovy
17 5 (1.03%) Shell Script
17 5 (1.03%) T-SQL
18 2 (0.41%) C
18 2 (0.41%) VBA
Qualifications
1 28 (5.75%) Security Cleared
2 25 (5.13%) SC Cleared
3 16 (3.29%) Degree
4 12 (2.46%) AWS Certification
5 8 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
6 3 (0.62%) TOGAF Certification
7 2 (0.41%) BPSS Clearance
7 2 (0.41%) Master's Degree
7 2 (0.41%) Microsoft Certification
8 1 (0.21%) (ISC)2 CCSP
8 1 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.21%) CISSP
8 1 (0.21%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
8 1 (0.21%) MCSE
8 1 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
8 1 (0.21%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (10.06%) GDPR
2 13 (2.67%) QA
3 7 (1.44%) Data Quality
4 3 (0.62%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.41%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 192 (39.43%) Docker
2 12 (2.46%) Active Directory
3 9 (1.85%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (1.03%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.62%) VMware ESXi
6 2 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 1 (0.21%) Firmware
7 1 (0.21%) Hyper-V
7 1 (0.21%) NFS
7 1 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
7 1 (0.21%) Veritas File System
7 1 (0.21%) Veritas Volume Manager
7 1 (0.21%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 194 (39.84%) Terraform
2 174 (35.73%) Kubernetes
3 60 (12.32%) Ansible
4 16 (3.29%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (2.87%) Grafana
5 14 (2.87%) Puppet
6 10 (2.05%) Packer
6 10 (2.05%) Prometheus
7 6 (1.23%) Icinga
8 5 (1.03%) BladeLogic
8 5 (1.03%) Salt
9 4 (0.82%) Nagios
10 3 (0.62%) Control-M
10 3 (0.62%) QRadar
10 3 (0.62%) Tivoli
11 2 (0.41%) EMC NetWorker
11 2 (0.41%) Netcool
11 2 (0.41%) Red Hat Satellite
11 2 (0.41%) SCCM
11 2 (0.41%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 57 (11.70%) Microsoft
2 23 (4.72%) Oracle
3 13 (2.67%) TIBCO
4 12 (2.46%) Google
5 9 (1.85%) Databricks
5 9 (1.85%) Splunk
6 8 (1.64%) BMC
7 7 (1.44%) ServiceNow
8 6 (1.23%) Cloudera
8 6 (1.23%) Red Hat
8 6 (1.23%) Talend
9 5 (1.03%) Atlassian
9 5 (1.03%) IBM
9 5 (1.03%) VMware
10 4 (0.82%) AppDynamics
10 4 (0.82%) EMC
10 4 (0.82%) PagerDuty
11 3 (0.62%) CyberArk
11 3 (0.62%) MuleSoft
11 3 (0.62%) Spotify