Period
to 24 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
East of England > Hertfordshire
6 months to
24 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 26 29 27
Rank change year-on-year +3 -2 -11
Contract jobs citing CSS 88 71 77
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 5.99% 5.84% 5.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.11% 20.17% 28.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 69 51 54
Hertfordshire median daily rate £375 £350 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69% -1.52%
10th Percentile £222 £130 £265
90th Percentile £500 £513 £447
East of England median daily rate £388 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +10.71% - +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 1
Hertfordshire median hourly rate £12.50 - £11.00
10th Percentile £11.25 - £9.00
90th Percentile £13.75 - £13.00
East of England median hourly rate £35.50 £31.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +14.52% -27.06% +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Hertfordshire
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 365 352 272
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 24.83% 28.95% 19.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 199 242 159
Hertfordshire median daily rate £425 £425 £385
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.39% +1.99%
10th Percentile £279 £251 £285
90th Percentile £550 £575 £580
East of England median daily rate £450 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +12.50% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 4 8
Hertfordshire median hourly rate £16.11 £39.31 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -59.02% +48.35% -29.33%
10th Percentile £12.02 £36.25 £8.78
90th Percentile £44.63 £44.26 £42.00
East of England median hourly rate £40.00 £36.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +9.59% -2.67% -6.25%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Hertfordshire

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Hertfordshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Hertfordshire

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Hertfordshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Hertfordshire

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Hertfordshire region over the 6 months to 24 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Watford +10 35 £365 +16.80% 15
Hemel Hempstead +12 16 £350 -2.78% 11
Rickmansworth -1 5 £160 -
Hatfield 0 4 £400 - 1
Hertford -2 4 £375 -
Stevenage -11 2 £213 -29.17% 5
Welwyn Garden City -16 2 £545 +14.74% 1
Borehamwood - 2 £365 - 3
Letchworth - 2 £388 - 1
St Albans +3 1 £325 - 14
CSS
East of England

For the 6 months to 24 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Hertfordshire region with a requirement for CSS.

1 88 (100.00%) HTML
2 74 (84.09%) JavaScript
3 36 (40.91%) Agile Software Development
4 33 (37.50%) MVC
4 33 (37.50%) jQuery
5 28 (31.82%) SQL
6 26 (29.55%) .NET
7 24 (27.27%) XHTML
7 24 (27.27%) HTML5
8 22 (25.00%) AngularJS
8 22 (25.00%) C#
9 20 (22.73%) PHP
9 20 (22.73%) E-Commerce
10 19 (21.59%) SQL Server
11 18 (20.45%) Java
11 18 (20.45%) ASP.NET
11 18 (20.45%) Web Services
11 18 (20.45%) TDD
12 17 (19.32%) MySQL
12 17 (19.32%) Linux
12 17 (19.32%) Magento
12 17 (19.32%) Git (software)
12 17 (19.32%) Web Development
13 16 (18.18%) Relational Database
13 16 (18.18%) ASP.NET Web API
13 16 (18.18%) Microsoft
14 15 (17.05%) XML
14 15 (17.05%) Ajax
14 15 (17.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 15 (17.05%) Front End Development

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Hertfordshire by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (15.91%) Apache
2 8 (9.09%) IIS
3 5 (5.68%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (4.55%) nginx
5 3 (3.41%) CMS
6 2 (2.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 2 (2.27%) Jupyter
6 2 (2.27%) SharePoint
6 2 (2.27%) Tomcat
6 2 (2.27%) WordPress
7 1 (1.14%) Confluence
7 1 (1.14%) Drupal
7 1 (1.14%) SharePoint 2013
7 1 (1.14%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.14%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (4.55%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (4.55%) Photoshop
2 3 (3.41%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (1.14%) InVision
Business Applications
1 17 (19.32%) Magento
2 1 (1.14%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (1.14%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (1.14%) JDE OneWorld
2 1 (1.14%) Maximo
2 1 (1.14%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 3 (3.41%) Amazon AWS
1 3 (3.41%) SaaS
2 2 (2.27%) Google Analytics
3 1 (1.14%) Cloud Computing
3 1 (1.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 1 (1.14%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 7 (7.95%) HTTP
2 4 (4.55%) DNS
2 4 (4.55%) IMAP
2 4 (4.55%) Internet
2 4 (4.55%) SMTP
3 1 (1.14%) LAN
3 1 (1.14%) WAN
3 1 (1.14%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (21.59%) SQL Server
2 17 (19.32%) MySQL
3 16 (18.18%) Relational Database
4 8 (9.09%) SQL Server 2008
5 5 (5.68%) SQL Server 2014
6 3 (3.41%) NoSQL
7 2 (2.27%) Looker
7 2 (2.27%) MongoDB
7 2 (2.27%) PostgreSQL
7 2 (2.27%) Redis
8 1 (1.14%) DB2
8 1 (1.14%) Hazelcast
8 1 (1.14%) Oracle Database
8 1 (1.14%) Oracle Reports
8 1 (1.14%) Spotfire
Development Applications
1 17 (19.32%) Git (software)
2 12 (13.64%) Visual Studio
3 8 (9.09%) gulp
3 8 (9.09%) webpack
4 6 (6.82%) Team Foundation Server
5 5 (5.68%) Jasmine
5 5 (5.68%) Subversion
6 4 (4.55%) Grunt
6 4 (4.55%) Vagrant
7 3 (3.41%) Karma Test Runner
7 3 (3.41%) Mercurial
7 3 (3.41%) Mocha
8 2 (2.27%) Babel
8 2 (2.27%) Bitbucket
8 2 (2.27%) git-flow
8 2 (2.27%) IntelliJ
8 2 (2.27%) Jenkins
9 1 (1.14%) Eclipse
9 1 (1.14%) PostCSS
9 1 (1.14%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 10 (11.36%) Finance
2 8 (9.09%) Marketing
3 4 (4.55%) Retail
4 3 (3.41%) Automotive
4 3 (3.41%) Games
4 3 (3.41%) Publishing
5 1 (1.14%) Multimedia
5 1 (1.14%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 77 (87.50%) Developer
2 17 (19.32%) .NET Developer
3 15 (17.05%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 12 (13.64%) C# Developer
5 11 (12.50%) C# .NET Developer
5 11 (12.50%) Magento Developer
6 9 (10.23%) JavaScript Developer
7 8 (9.09%) Full Stack Developer
7 8 (9.09%) Web Developer
8 7 (7.95%) Java Developer
9 6 (6.82%) Lead Developer
9 6 (6.82%) Senior Developer
9 6 (6.82%) UI Developer
10 5 (5.68%) Consultant
10 5 (5.68%) React Developer
11 4 (4.55%) Elasticsearch Developer
12 3 (3.41%) Administrator
12 3 (3.41%) Angular Developer
12 3 (3.41%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 3 (3.41%) HTML CSS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 88 (100.00%) HTML
2 33 (37.50%) jQuery
3 26 (29.55%) .NET
4 24 (27.27%) HTML5
4 24 (27.27%) XHTML
5 22 (25.00%) AngularJS
6 18 (20.45%) ASP.NET
6 18 (20.45%) Web Services
7 16 (18.18%) ASP.NET Web API
8 15 (17.05%) Ajax
8 15 (17.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 15 (17.05%) XML
9 13 (14.77%) ASP.NET MVC
9 13 (14.77%) CSS3
9 13 (14.77%) JSON
9 13 (14.77%) KnockoutJS
10 11 (12.50%) .NET Framework
10 11 (12.50%) LAMP
11 10 (11.36%) React
11 10 (11.36%) XSL
Miscellaneous
1 11 (12.50%) User Experience
2 9 (10.23%) W3C
3 8 (9.09%) Greenfield Project
4 5 (5.68%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (5.68%) Tandem
5 3 (3.41%) Computer Science
5 3 (3.41%) Linux Command Line
5 3 (3.41%) Social Media
5 3 (3.41%) Vector Graphics
6 2 (2.27%) Algorithms
6 2 (2.27%) Blog
7 1 (1.14%) Mobile App
7 1 (1.14%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (1.14%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 17 (19.32%) Linux
2 11 (12.50%) Windows
3 5 (5.68%) Windows Server
4 1 (1.14%) Android
4 1 (1.14%) Apple iOS
4 1 (1.14%) CentOS
4 1 (1.14%) Ubuntu
4 1 (1.14%) Unix
4 1 (1.14%) Windows Server 2008
4 1 (1.14%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 36 (40.91%) Agile Software Development
2 33 (37.50%) MVC
3 20 (22.73%) E-Commerce
4 18 (20.45%) TDD
5 17 (19.32%) Web Development
6 15 (17.05%) Front End Development
7 12 (13.64%) BDD
8 10 (11.36%) Continuous Integration
8 10 (11.36%) OO
8 10 (11.36%) OO PHP
9 9 (10.23%) Kanban
9 9 (10.23%) Open Source
10 8 (9.09%) API Development
10 8 (9.09%) Scrum
10 8 (9.09%) SDLC
10 8 (9.09%) Web Application Development
11 6 (6.82%) Responsive Web Design
11 6 (6.82%) Web Accessibility
12 5 (5.68%) Analytics
12 5 (5.68%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 74 (84.09%) JavaScript
2 28 (31.82%) SQL
3 22 (25.00%) C#
4 20 (22.73%) PHP
5 18 (20.45%) Java
6 8 (9.09%) T-SQL
7 7 (7.95%) ES6
8 6 (6.82%) Java 8
9 5 (5.68%) TypeScript
10 3 (3.41%) PowerShell
10 3 (3.41%) Ruby
11 2 (2.27%) C++
11 2 (2.27%) Python
11 2 (2.27%) R
11 2 (2.27%) VBScript
12 1 (1.14%) Groovy
12 1 (1.14%) MATLAB
12 1 (1.14%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 4 (4.55%) Degree
2 2 (2.27%) Computer Science Degree
3 1 (1.14%) HND
3 1 (1.14%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.41%) SLA
2 1 (1.14%) GDPR
2 1 (1.14%) QA
System Software
1 1 (1.14%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (2.27%) Ansible
Vendors
1 16 (18.18%) Microsoft
2 13 (14.77%) Zend
3 6 (6.82%) IBM
4 5 (5.68%) Google
5 3 (3.41%) Adobe
5 3 (3.41%) hybris
5 3 (3.41%) Oracle
5 3 (3.41%) SAP
6 2 (2.27%) Cognos
6 2 (2.27%) Jaspersoft
6 2 (2.27%) Nintex
7 1 (1.14%) Apple
7 1 (1.14%) Atlassian
7 1 (1.14%) JD Edwards
7 1 (1.14%) New Relic
7 1 (1.14%) Tableau
7 1 (1.14%) TIBCO