Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
East of England > Hertfordshire
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 20 19 27
Rank change year-on-year -1 +8 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 108 95 76
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 6.92% 7.37% 5.27%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.28% 30.16% 27.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 90 95 46
Hertfordshire median daily rate £378 £375 £314
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.73% +19.52% -5.28%
10th Percentile £168 £233 £213
90th Percentile £504 £450 £450
East of England median daily rate £386 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +10.36% - +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 1
Hertfordshire median hourly rate - £15.00 £11.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +36.36% -
East of England median hourly rate £35.50 £35.38 £10.00
% change year-on-year +0.35% +253.75% -71.43%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Hertfordshire
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 411 315 281
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 26.35% 24.44% 19.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 279 208 165
Hertfordshire median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £260 £254 £288
90th Percentile £564 £575 £525
East of England median daily rate £450 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 1 4
Hertfordshire median hourly rate £25.00 £15.00 £10.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +42.86% -49.84%
10th Percentile £13.30 £15.00 £8.48
90th Percentile £56.25 £15.00 £31.55
East of England median hourly rate £35.50 £38.88 £35.00
% change year-on-year -8.68% +11.07% -6.54%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Hertfordshire

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Hertfordshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Hertfordshire

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Hertfordshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Contract Job Locations in Hertfordshire

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Hertfordshire region over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Watford +16 41 £363 +20.83% 8
Hemel Hempstead +2 22 £385 +4.76% 6
Rickmansworth -7 7 £175 -52.70% 1
Welwyn Garden City -21 5 £450 +28.57% 3
St Albans -3 4 £300 -23.08% 5
Hatfield 0 3 £350 -12.50% 2
Borehamwood -3 1 £375 +36.36% 1
Stevenage -12 1 £213 - 2
CSS
East of England

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Hertfordshire region with a requirement for CSS.

1 96 (88.89%) HTML
2 83 (76.85%) JavaScript
3 36 (33.33%) HTML5
4 35 (32.41%) AngularJS
4 35 (32.41%) .NET
5 32 (29.63%) jQuery
6 31 (28.70%) SQL
7 30 (27.78%) C#
8 29 (26.85%) Agile Software Development
9 27 (25.00%) MVC
10 26 (24.07%) Web Development
10 26 (24.07%) CSS3
11 25 (23.15%) ASP.NET
12 24 (22.22%) TDD
13 23 (21.30%) Java
14 22 (20.37%) PHP
14 22 (20.37%) Front End Development
15 20 (18.52%) Git (software)
16 17 (15.74%) MySQL
17 16 (14.81%) SQL Server
17 16 (14.81%) Software Engineering
18 15 (13.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
19 14 (12.96%) Web Services
19 14 (12.96%) Linux
20 13 (12.04%) XHTML
20 13 (12.04%) E-Commerce
20 13 (12.04%) REST
20 13 (12.04%) Kanban
20 13 (12.04%) gulp
21 12 (11.11%) Java 8

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Hertfordshire by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (10.19%) Apache
2 8 (7.41%) SharePoint
2 8 (7.41%) SharePoint 2013
3 7 (6.48%) Elasticsearch
4 4 (3.70%) WordPress
5 3 (2.78%) CMS
5 3 (2.78%) IIS
6 2 (1.85%) Jupyter
6 2 (1.85%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (1.85%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.85%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.93%) InVision
2 1 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 9 (8.33%) Magento
2 2 (1.85%) Dynamics CRM
Cloud Services
1 12 (11.11%) Amazon AWS
2 6 (5.56%) Office 365
3 5 (4.63%) Microsoft Azure
4 4 (3.70%) Google Analytics
5 2 (1.85%) Heroku
6 1 (0.93%) GitHub
6 1 (0.93%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 8 (7.41%) HTTP
2 2 (1.85%) DNS
2 2 (1.85%) FTP
2 2 (1.85%) Internet
2 2 (1.85%) SSL
2 2 (1.85%) TCP/IP
3 1 (0.93%) LAN
3 1 (0.93%) WAN
3 1 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 17 (15.74%) MySQL
2 16 (14.81%) SQL Server
3 10 (9.26%) Relational Database
4 6 (5.56%) MongoDB
5 3 (2.78%) SQL Server 2014
6 2 (1.85%) Looker
6 2 (1.85%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (1.85%) RDBMS
6 2 (1.85%) SQL Server 2008
7 1 (0.93%) Big Data
7 1 (0.93%) Crystal Reports
7 1 (0.93%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.93%) SQL Server 2000
7 1 (0.93%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 20 (18.52%) Git (software)
2 13 (12.04%) gulp
3 12 (11.11%) Visual Studio
4 9 (8.33%) webpack
5 8 (7.41%) JIRA
5 8 (7.41%) Team Foundation Server
6 7 (6.48%) Jenkins
7 6 (5.56%) Visual Studio Code
8 5 (4.63%) Jasmine
9 4 (3.70%) Grunt
10 3 (2.78%) IntelliJ
10 3 (2.78%) Mocha
11 2 (1.85%) Babel
11 2 (1.85%) git-flow
11 2 (1.85%) GitLab
11 2 (1.85%) Gradle
11 2 (1.85%) Protractor
11 2 (1.85%) Spock
12 1 (0.93%) Gatling
12 1 (0.93%) Geb
General
1 8 (7.41%) Retail
2 5 (4.63%) Marketing
3 4 (3.70%) Finance
3 4 (3.70%) Law
4 3 (2.78%) Automotive
4 3 (2.78%) Publishing
5 2 (1.85%) Back Office
5 2 (1.85%) Telecoms
6 1 (0.93%) Advertising
6 1 (0.93%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 91 (84.26%) Developer
2 19 (17.59%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 15 (13.89%) .NET Developer
4 12 (11.11%) Java Developer
5 11 (10.19%) C# Developer
6 10 (9.26%) Angular Developer
6 10 (9.26%) Full Stack Developer
7 9 (8.33%) C# .NET Developer
8 8 (7.41%) Magento Developer
8 8 (7.41%) SharePoint Developer
8 8 (7.41%) UI Developer
9 7 (6.48%) Senior Developer
9 7 (6.48%) Web Developer
10 6 (5.56%) Consultant
11 5 (4.63%) ASP.NET Developer
11 5 (4.63%) Backend Developer
11 5 (4.63%) JavaScript Developer
11 5 (4.63%) React Developer
12 4 (3.70%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
12 4 (3.70%) UI Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 96 (88.89%) HTML
2 36 (33.33%) HTML5
3 35 (32.41%) .NET
3 35 (32.41%) AngularJS
4 32 (29.63%) jQuery
5 26 (24.07%) CSS3
6 25 (23.15%) ASP.NET
7 15 (13.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
8 14 (12.96%) Web Services
9 13 (12.04%) REST
9 13 (12.04%) XHTML
10 12 (11.11%) React
11 11 (10.19%) ASP.NET MVC
11 11 (10.19%) Dropwizard
12 10 (9.26%) ASP.NET Web API
13 9 (8.33%) LAMP
14 8 (7.41%) JSON
14 8 (7.41%) RESTful
15 7 (6.48%) Angular 2
15 7 (6.48%) XSL
Miscellaneous
1 8 (7.41%) User Experience
2 7 (6.48%) Greenfield Project
3 5 (4.63%) Social Media
4 4 (3.70%) Algorithms
4 4 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (2.78%) Linux Command Line
5 3 (2.78%) Tandem
6 1 (0.93%) Vector Graphics
6 1 (0.93%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 14 (12.96%) Linux
2 2 (1.85%) Windows
3 1 (0.93%) Windows Server
3 1 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
3 1 (0.93%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (26.85%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (25.00%) MVC
3 26 (24.07%) Web Development
4 24 (22.22%) TDD
5 22 (20.37%) Front End Development
6 16 (14.81%) Software Engineering
7 13 (12.04%) E-Commerce
7 13 (12.04%) Kanban
8 12 (11.11%) BDD
8 12 (11.11%) OO
9 10 (9.26%) Scrum
10 9 (8.33%) Open Source
10 9 (8.33%) Workflow
11 8 (7.41%) Continuous Integration
11 8 (7.41%) OO PHP
12 7 (6.48%) Infrastructure Management
12 7 (6.48%) Microservices
13 6 (5.56%) OOP
13 6 (5.56%) Responsive Web Design
13 6 (5.56%) Web Application Development
Programming Languages
1 83 (76.85%) JavaScript
2 31 (28.70%) SQL
3 30 (27.78%) C#
4 23 (21.30%) Java
5 22 (20.37%) PHP
6 12 (11.11%) Java 8
7 9 (8.33%) ES6
7 9 (8.33%) TypeScript
8 8 (7.41%) PowerShell
9 6 (5.56%) T-SQL
10 4 (3.70%) Python
11 2 (1.85%) C
11 2 (1.85%) Groovy
11 2 (1.85%) R
12 1 (0.93%) MATLAB
12 1 (0.93%) VB.NET
12 1 (0.93%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 5 (4.63%) Security Cleared
2 2 (1.85%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.78%) QA
1 3 (2.78%) SLA
2 2 (1.85%) WCAG
3 1 (0.93%) GDPR
System Software
1 4 (3.70%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (2.78%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.85%) Docker Swarm
2 2 (1.85%) Mesos
Vendors
1 11 (10.19%) Microsoft
2 10 (9.26%) Zend
3 8 (7.41%) Nintex
4 7 (6.48%) Google
5 6 (5.56%) Oracle
6 4 (3.70%) Sony
7 3 (2.78%) IBM
7 3 (2.78%) New Relic
8 2 (1.85%) Cognos
8 2 (1.85%) hybris
8 2 (1.85%) Jaspersoft
8 2 (1.85%) SAP
9 1 (0.93%) Adobe
9 1 (0.93%) Demandware
9 1 (0.93%) Percona
9 1 (0.93%) Salesforce.com