Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for permanent job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the salaries offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
East of England > Hertfordshire
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 18 25
Rank change year-on-year +3 +7 0
Permanent jobs citing CSS 424 551 392
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 12.29% 11.29% 8.60%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 34.08% 28.48% 22.06%
Number of salaries quoted 359 475 413
Hertfordshire median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £40,000
Median salary % change year-on-year - +25.00% -11.11%
10th Percentile £29,750 £28,750 £25,500
90th Percentile £65,000 £70,000 £62,500
East of England median annual salary £45,139 £43,500 £40,000
% change year-on-year +3.77% +8.75% +6.67%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all permanent job vacancies advertised in Hertfordshire with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
Hertfordshire
Permanent vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,244 1,935 1,777
As % of all permanent IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire 36.07% 39.66% 38.99%
Number of salaries quoted 1,015 1,697 1,545
Hertfordshire median annual salary £51,500 £52,500 £50,000
Median salary % change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% +7.53%
10th Percentile £31,250 £31,250 £31,250
90th Percentile £72,500 £71,250 £70,000
East of England median annual salary £50,000 £50,000 £45,000
% change year-on-year - +11.11% +5.88%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in Hertfordshire

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Hertfordshire.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Salary Trend in Hertfordshire

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for salaries quoted in permanent IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire.

Salary trend for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Salary Histogram in Hertfordshire

The salary distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in Hertfordshire over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Salary histogram for CSS in Hertfordshire

CSS
Job Locations in Hertfordshire

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median salaries quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the Hertfordshire region over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Permanent
IT Job Ads
Median Salary
Past 6 Months
Median Salary
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Watford -2 104 £50,000 - 11
Hemel Hempstead +10 53 £50,000 +11.11% 6
St Albans -2 53 £50,000 -13.04% 11
Stevenage +6 30 £52,500 +31.25% 4
Welwyn Garden City +19 26 £55,000 -8.33% 2
Bishop's Stortford +14 19 £29,000 +11.54% 7
Hatfield -18 15 £51,500 -4.19% 1
Waltham Cross - 12 £53,750 - 2
Potters Bar 0 7 £42,500 -10.53% 3
Welwyn - 7 £63,000 -
Hertford +6 6 £22,500 -15.09% 2
Borehamwood -6 6 £43,000 +17.81% 5
Letchworth -5 5 £30,000 -
Berkhamsted - 4 £31,500 - 2
Baldock - 3 £27,500 -
Harpenden +9 2 £43,750 -2.78% 1
Abbots Langley - 2 £58,750 - 4
Hitchin -1 1 £55,000 +78.86% 2
CSS
East of England

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all permanent job ads across the Hertfordshire region with a requirement for CSS.

1 394 (92.92%) HTML
2 365 (86.08%) JavaScript
3 237 (55.90%) C#
4 227 (53.54%) .NET
5 203 (47.88%) Agile Software Development
6 154 (36.32%) ASP.NET
7 147 (34.67%) SQL
8 146 (34.43%) AngularJS
9 138 (32.55%) MVC
10 119 (28.07%) Web Development
11 118 (27.83%) jQuery
12 102 (24.06%) TDD
13 99 (23.35%) User Experience
14 96 (22.64%) SQL Server
15 93 (21.93%) Microsoft
16 81 (19.10%) React
17 78 (18.40%) Scrum
18 73 (17.22%) Front End Development
18 73 (17.22%) HTML5
19 66 (15.57%) Web Services
19 66 (15.57%) XML
19 66 (15.57%) .NET Framework
20 61 (14.39%) PHP
20 61 (14.39%) OO
20 61 (14.39%) Git (software)
21 59 (13.92%) Problem-Solving
22 55 (12.97%) Java
23 53 (12.50%) MySQL
23 53 (12.50%) Software Engineering
23 53 (12.50%) ASP.NET MVC

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in Hertfordshire by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.72%) SharePoint
2 16 (3.77%) IIS
3 11 (2.59%) JBoss
3 11 (2.59%) Tomcat
4 9 (2.12%) Umbraco
5 8 (1.89%) CMS
5 8 (1.89%) Drupal
6 7 (1.65%) Confluence
7 6 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (1.18%) Apache
8 5 (1.18%) SharePoint 2013
9 4 (0.94%) Sitecore CMS
10 3 (0.71%) NServiceBus
11 2 (0.47%) WordPress
12 1 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
12 1 (0.24%) WebSphere
Applications
1 21 (4.95%) Photoshop
2 11 (2.59%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.94%) Chatbot
4 3 (0.71%) Adobe Illustrator
4 3 (0.71%) InDesign
5 2 (0.47%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.24%) GIMP
6 1 (0.24%) InVision
6 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 9 (2.12%) Magento
2 4 (0.94%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.47%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.47%) WebTrends
4 1 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.24%) JDE OneWorld
4 1 (0.24%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 47 (11.08%) Microsoft Azure
2 38 (8.96%) Amazon AWS
3 33 (7.78%) SaaS
4 12 (2.83%) Office 365
5 8 (1.89%) Amazon CloudWatch
5 8 (1.89%) IaaS
5 8 (1.89%) PaaS
6 7 (1.65%) Google Analytics
7 5 (1.18%) npm
8 3 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
8 3 (0.71%) Serverless
9 2 (0.47%) Google App Engine
9 2 (0.47%) Google Cloud Platform
10 1 (0.24%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 26 (6.13%) HTTP
2 15 (3.54%) TCP/IP
3 11 (2.59%) Internet
4 4 (0.94%) Firewall
4 4 (0.94%) SMS
4 4 (0.94%) VPN
5 2 (0.47%) VoIP
6 1 (0.24%) Extranet
6 1 (0.24%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 96 (22.64%) SQL Server
2 53 (12.50%) MySQL
3 26 (6.13%) MongoDB
4 25 (5.90%) Relational Database
5 19 (4.48%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 13 (3.07%) Redis
7 11 (2.59%) Crystal Reports
8 10 (2.36%) MS Access
9 6 (1.42%) QlikView
9 6 (1.42%) SQL Server 2008
10 5 (1.18%) NoSQL
11 4 (0.94%) PostgreSQL
11 4 (0.94%) SQL Server 2016
12 3 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 3 (0.71%) DB2
12 3 (0.71%) SQLite
13 2 (0.47%) RavenDB
13 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
13 2 (0.47%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 1 (0.24%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 61 (14.39%) Git (software)
2 52 (12.26%) Visual Studio
3 40 (9.43%) NUnit
4 22 (5.19%) Atlassian Bamboo
4 22 (5.19%) Team Foundation Server
5 20 (4.72%) Octopus Deploy
6 16 (3.77%) Moq
7 13 (3.07%) StyleCop
7 13 (3.07%) Subversion
8 12 (2.83%) webpack
9 9 (2.12%) Jenkins
10 8 (1.89%) gulp
11 7 (1.65%) JIRA
11 7 (1.65%) Xcode
12 6 (1.42%) Selenium
12 6 (1.42%) TeamCity
13 5 (1.18%) Bitbucket
13 5 (1.18%) WebDriver
14 4 (0.94%) Hudson
14 4 (0.94%) PostCSS
General
1 32 (7.55%) Retail
2 25 (5.90%) Finance
3 18 (4.25%) Pharmaceutical
4 12 (2.83%) Telecoms
5 11 (2.59%) Marketing
6 5 (1.18%) Publishing
7 4 (0.94%) Legal
8 3 (0.71%) Automotive
9 2 (0.47%) Electronics
9 2 (0.47%) French Language
9 2 (0.47%) Games
Job Titles
1 330 (77.83%) Developer
2 115 (27.12%) C# Developer
3 102 (24.06%) .NET Developer
4 86 (20.28%) Full Stack Developer
5 66 (15.57%) C# .NET Developer
6 57 (13.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 46 (10.85%) Senior Developer
8 42 (9.91%) ASP.NET Developer
9 41 (9.67%) Software Developer
10 39 (9.20%) JavaScript Developer
11 33 (7.78%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 29 (6.84%) Web Developer
13 20 (4.72%) Angular Developer
14 19 (4.48%) Junior
15 18 (4.25%) PHP Developer
16 16 (3.77%) .NET Web Developer
16 16 (3.77%) C# Software Developer
17 15 (3.54%) Graduate
17 15 (3.54%) Software Engineer
18 14 (3.30%) Junior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 394 (92.92%) HTML
2 227 (53.54%) .NET
3 154 (36.32%) ASP.NET
4 146 (34.43%) AngularJS
5 118 (27.83%) jQuery
6 81 (19.10%) React
7 73 (17.22%) HTML5
8 66 (15.57%) .NET Framework
8 66 (15.57%) Web Services
8 66 (15.57%) XML
9 53 (12.50%) ASP.NET MVC
9 53 (12.50%) CSS3
9 53 (12.50%) Node.js
10 49 (11.56%) Sass
11 46 (10.85%) JSON
12 42 (9.91%) RESTful
13 39 (9.20%) KnockoutJS
14 34 (8.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 34 (8.02%) Vue.js
15 33 (7.78%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 99 (23.35%) User Experience
2 39 (9.20%) Analytical Skills
3 32 (7.55%) Greenfield Project
4 22 (5.19%) Enterprise Software
5 16 (3.77%) Mobile App
6 8 (1.89%) Robotics
7 6 (1.42%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.18%) Fintech
8 5 (1.18%) iPhone
9 4 (0.94%) Private Cloud
10 3 (0.71%) Photography
11 1 (0.24%) Media Streaming
11 1 (0.24%) Social Media
11 1 (0.24%) Social Network
Operating Systems
1 32 (7.55%) Windows
2 21 (4.95%) Android
3 18 (4.25%) Windows Server
4 16 (3.77%) Linux
5 13 (3.07%) Apple iOS
6 4 (0.94%) CentOS
6 4 (0.94%) Ubuntu
6 4 (0.94%) Windows 10
6 4 (0.94%) Windows 8
6 4 (0.94%) Windows Phone
6 4 (0.94%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 203 (47.88%) Agile Software Development
2 138 (32.55%) MVC
3 119 (28.07%) Web Development
4 102 (24.06%) TDD
5 78 (18.40%) Scrum
6 73 (17.22%) Front End Development
7 61 (14.39%) OO
8 59 (13.92%) Problem-Solving
9 53 (12.50%) Software Engineering
10 46 (10.85%) Unit Testing
11 45 (10.61%) Mentoring
12 35 (8.25%) Kanban
13 31 (7.31%) Computer Science
14 30 (7.08%) Workflow
15 29 (6.84%) Continuous Integration
15 29 (6.84%) DevOps
16 28 (6.60%) E-Commerce
17 24 (5.66%) Prototyping
18 23 (5.42%) Project Management
18 23 (5.42%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 365 (86.08%) JavaScript
2 237 (55.90%) C#
3 147 (34.67%) SQL
4 61 (14.39%) PHP
5 55 (12.97%) Java
6 53 (12.50%) TypeScript
7 36 (8.49%) T-SQL
8 20 (4.72%) C++
9 19 (4.48%) Ruby
10 15 (3.54%) Python
11 14 (3.30%) ES6
12 13 (3.07%) Apex Code
13 12 (2.83%) PowerShell
14 11 (2.59%) VB.NET
15 10 (2.36%) VBA
16 9 (2.12%) C
16 9 (2.12%) XAML
17 4 (0.94%) Bash Shell
18 3 (0.71%) Kotlin
19 2 (0.47%) VB
Qualifications
1 39 (9.20%) Degree
2 10 (2.36%) HND
3 7 (1.65%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (1.65%) MCSD
3 7 (1.65%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (1.42%) Postgraduate
5 4 (0.94%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.24%) OCP
6 1 (0.24%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (0.24%) PhD
6 1 (0.24%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.42%) QA
2 5 (1.18%) WAI
3 1 (0.24%) GDPR
System Software
1 13 (3.07%) Docker
2 11 (2.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 8 (1.89%) vSphere
4 7 (1.65%) Hyper-V
4 7 (1.65%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.94%) Active Directory
5 4 (0.94%) iptables
5 4 (0.94%) Samba
5 4 (0.94%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 8 (1.89%) Ansible
1 8 (1.89%) Business Desktop Deployment
1 8 (1.89%) Kubernetes
1 8 (1.89%) SCOM
1 8 (1.89%) Terraform
2 6 (1.42%) Consul
2 6 (1.42%) Graphite
3 4 (0.94%) Nagios
Vendors
1 93 (21.93%) Microsoft
2 24 (5.66%) VMware
3 23 (5.42%) Salesforce.com
4 19 (4.48%) Xamarin
5 14 (3.30%) Oracle
6 12 (2.83%) Adobe
7 10 (2.36%) Google
8 8 (1.89%) Demandware
9 7 (1.65%) IBM
9 7 (1.65%) Optimizely
10 6 (1.42%) Tableau
11 5 (1.18%) Nintex
12 4 (0.94%) Red Hat
12 4 (0.94%) Sitecore
13 2 (0.47%) WooCommerce
13 2 (0.47%) XMPie
13 2 (0.47%) Zend
14 1 (0.24%) Adaptive Insights
14 1 (0.24%) JD Edwards
14 1 (0.24%) Xerox