The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 3 months to 29 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England / North West
3 months to
29 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 80 84 99
Rank change year-on-year +4 +15  
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 48 74 55
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 1.86% 1.91% 1.52%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.26% 2.32% 1.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 25 36 33
Median daily rate £400 £450 £338
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.11% +33.33%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £285 £311 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £500 £450
UK excluding London median daily rate £394 £375 £344
% change year-on-year +5.00% +9.09%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 4 0
Median hourly rate £42.00 £36.25 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.86% -  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £43.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year -6.89% +16.00%  

Unit Testing is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
North West
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 2120 3183 2847
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the North West 82.04% 82.27% 78.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 1337 1929 1547
Median daily rate £400 £400 £400
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £290 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £396
% change year-on-year +2.50% +1.01%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 109 118 130
Median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.66% -6.25%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £16.00 £13.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.75 £38.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year -7.14% +28.33%  

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the North West citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West over the 3 months to 29 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the North West region over the 3 months to 29 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester 0 22 £335 -33.00% 17
Cheshire +19 10 £500 +43.88% 9
Merseyside +8 8 £400 - 1
Lancashire +18 6 - - 4
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 29 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the North West region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 56 (53.85%) Agile Software Development
2 45 (43.27%) Java
3 36 (34.62%) HTML
3 36 (34.62%) CSS
4 32 (30.77%) JavaScript
5 31 (29.81%) SQL
6 30 (28.85%) Finance
6 30 (28.85%) TDD
7 29 (27.88%) .NET
8 27 (25.96%) Continuous Integration
9 25 (24.04%) Oracle
10 24 (23.08%) Git (software)
10 24 (23.08%) Software Engineering
11 23 (22.12%) MVC
11 23 (22.12%) Web Services
11 23 (22.12%) OO
11 23 (22.12%) AngularJS
12 21 (20.19%) SDLC
12 21 (20.19%) C#
12 21 (20.19%) Scrum
12 21 (20.19%) HTML5
13 20 (19.23%) Spring
13 20 (19.23%) JUnit
13 20 (19.23%) SOAP
13 20 (19.23%) BDD
13 20 (19.23%) CSS3
14 19 (18.27%) SQL Server
15 18 (17.31%) REST
16 17 (16.35%) J2EE
16 17 (16.35%) Hibernate

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (6.73%) CMS
2 6 (5.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 6 (5.77%) WebSphere
3 5 (4.81%) Drupal
3 5 (4.81%) Elasticsearch
3 5 (4.81%) Oracle Service Bus
3 5 (4.81%) Sitecore CMS
4 4 (3.85%) Umbraco
5 3 (2.88%) Kentico
5 3 (2.88%) WebLogic
6 2 (1.92%) EPiServer
7 1 (0.96%) BizTalk Server
7 1 (0.96%) Confluence
7 1 (0.96%) IIS
7 1 (0.96%) Jetty
7 1 (0.96%) Mongrel
7 1 (0.96%) nginx
7 1 (0.96%) Tomcat
7 1 (0.96%) WebLogic Portal
7 1 (0.96%) WebSphere Portal
Applications
1 4 (3.85%) MS Excel
2 3 (2.88%) MS PowerPoint
3 2 (1.92%) MS Office
Business Applications
1 3 (2.88%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.96%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.96%) Dynamics CRM
2 1 (0.96%) SAP QM
Cloud Services
1 6 (5.77%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (4.81%) GitHub
2 5 (4.81%) Google Analytics
3 2 (1.92%) AWS CloudFormation
3 2 (1.92%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
4 1 (0.96%) Amazon EC2
4 1 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
4 1 (0.96%) Google App Engine
4 1 (0.96%) Google Cloud Platform
4 1 (0.96%) Microsoft Azure
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.81%) LDAP
2 1 (0.96%) DHCP
2 1 (0.96%) DNS
2 1 (0.96%) FTP
2 1 (0.96%) HTTP
2 1 (0.96%) IPsec
2 1 (0.96%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (18.27%) SQL Server
2 10 (9.62%) Oracle Database
2 10 (9.62%) Oracle Database 11g
3 8 (7.69%) Oracle Reports
4 7 (6.73%) SQL Server 2008
5 5 (4.81%) RDBMS
5 5 (4.81%) Relational Database
6 4 (3.85%) MySQL
6 4 (3.85%) Oracle ODI
6 4 (3.85%) PostgreSQL
7 3 (2.88%) DB2
7 3 (2.88%) JasperReports
8 2 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
8 2 (1.92%) NoSQL
8 2 (1.92%) SQL Server 2000
8 2 (1.92%) SQL Server 2005
9 1 (0.96%) Couchbase
9 1 (0.96%) PowerCenter
9 1 (0.96%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 24 (23.08%) Git (software)
2 20 (19.23%) JUnit
3 14 (13.46%) Jenkins
3 14 (13.46%) Selenium
4 9 (8.65%) Bitbucket
5 8 (7.69%) Eclipse
5 8 (7.69%) JIRA
5 8 (7.69%) Rational DOORS
5 8 (7.69%) Rational Rhapsody
6 6 (5.77%) Mockito
6 6 (5.77%) Team Foundation Server
6 6 (5.77%) Visual Studio
7 5 (4.81%) Cucumber
7 5 (4.81%) gulp
7 5 (4.81%) IntelliJ
7 5 (4.81%) JMeter
7 5 (4.81%) Oracle Forms
7 5 (4.81%) VectorCAST
8 4 (3.85%) Hudson
8 4 (3.85%) Subversion
General
1 30 (28.85%) Finance
2 17 (16.35%) Banking
3 8 (7.69%) Avionics
4 5 (4.81%) Back Office
5 4 (3.85%) Manufacturing
6 3 (2.88%) Aerospace
6 3 (2.88%) Military
6 3 (2.88%) Telecoms
7 2 (1.92%) Games
8 1 (0.96%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 67 (64.42%) Developer
2 24 (23.08%) Java Developer
3 12 (11.54%) .NET Developer
4 10 (9.62%) Consultant
4 10 (9.62%) Oracle Developer
5 8 (7.69%) Software Engineer
6 6 (5.77%) Software Developer
7 5 (4.81%) C# Developer
7 5 (4.81%) Senior Consultant
7 5 (4.81%) Senior Developer
8 4 (3.85%) Angular Developer
8 4 (3.85%) Automation Consultant
8 4 (3.85%) Java WebSphere Developer
8 4 (3.85%) Middleware Developer
8 4 (3.85%) Senior Java Developer
8 4 (3.85%) Systems Engineer
8 4 (3.85%) WebSphere Developer
9 3 (2.88%) C# .NET Developer
9 3 (2.88%) Drupal Consultant
9 3 (2.88%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (34.62%) CSS
1 36 (34.62%) HTML
2 29 (27.88%) .NET
3 23 (22.12%) AngularJS
3 23 (22.12%) Web Services
4 21 (20.19%) HTML5
5 20 (19.23%) CSS3
5 20 (19.23%) SOAP
5 20 (19.23%) Spring
6 18 (17.31%) REST
7 17 (16.35%) Hibernate
7 17 (16.35%) J2EE
7 17 (16.35%) jQuery
8 14 (13.46%) Spring Boot
9 13 (12.50%) .NET Framework
9 13 (12.50%) Java EE
10 12 (11.54%) Ajax
10 12 (11.54%) JPA
10 12 (11.54%) XML
11 11 (10.58%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 15 (14.42%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (5.77%) Derivative
2 6 (5.77%) OTC Derivatives
3 4 (3.85%) Client/Server
4 2 (1.92%) iPad
4 2 (1.92%) New Media
4 2 (1.92%) User Experience
4 2 (1.92%) Virtual Team
4 2 (1.92%) Web 2.0
5 1 (0.96%) Augmented Reality
5 1 (0.96%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 1 (0.96%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 3 (2.88%) Android
1 3 (2.88%) Apple iOS
1 3 (2.88%) Windows
2 2 (1.92%) Linux
2 2 (1.92%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 56 (53.85%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (28.85%) TDD
3 27 (25.96%) Continuous Integration
4 24 (23.08%) Software Engineering
5 23 (22.12%) MVC
5 23 (22.12%) OO
6 21 (20.19%) Scrum
6 21 (20.19%) SDLC
7 20 (19.23%) BDD
8 15 (14.42%) Integration Testing
9 12 (11.54%) Automated Testing
9 12 (11.54%) Test Scripting
10 11 (10.58%) Data Modelling
11 10 (9.62%) HOOD
12 9 (8.65%) OOP
13 8 (7.69%) Configuration Management
13 8 (7.69%) Manual Testing
14 7 (6.73%) Performance Testing
14 7 (6.73%) Security Testing
14 7 (6.73%) Usability Testing
Programming Languages
1 45 (43.27%) Java
2 32 (30.77%) JavaScript
3 31 (29.81%) SQL
4 21 (20.19%) C#
5 8 (7.69%) Ada
5 8 (7.69%) Python
6 7 (6.73%) Perl
7 5 (4.81%) C
8 4 (3.85%) TypeScript
9 3 (2.88%) PL/SQL
10 2 (1.92%) Objective-C
10 2 (1.92%) PHP
10 2 (1.92%) Shell Script
10 2 (1.92%) VB.NET
10 2 (1.92%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
11 1 (0.96%) ActionScript
11 1 (0.96%) ActionScript 2.0
11 1 (0.96%) C++
11 1 (0.96%) Scala
11 1 (0.96%) X++
Qualifications
1 9 (8.65%) Degree
2 7 (6.73%) Security Cleared
3 4 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 3 (2.88%) HND
5 2 (1.92%) DV Cleared
5 2 (1.92%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (8.65%) QA
2 2 (1.92%) Data Quality
System Software
1 7 (6.73%) Docker
2 1 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 8 (7.69%) Opscode Chef
1 8 (7.69%) Puppet
2 5 (4.81%) Ansible
2 5 (4.81%) Kibana
2 5 (4.81%) logstash
3 2 (1.92%) Capistrano
3 2 (1.92%) Control-M
3 2 (1.92%) Nagios
4 1 (0.96%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
4 1 (0.96%) Oracle Identity Management
4 1 (0.96%) Oracle Identity Manager
Vendors
1 25 (24.04%) Oracle
2 11 (10.58%) Microsoft
3 8 (7.69%) Google
4 5 (4.81%) Sitecore
4 5 (4.81%) Splunk
5 4 (3.85%) SAP
6 3 (2.88%) Perforce
7 2 (1.92%) Ab Initio
7 2 (1.92%) Teradata
8 1 (0.96%) Informatica
8 1 (0.96%) VMware
8 1 (0.96%) Xamarin
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