Period
to 17 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 17 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > North West
6 months to
17 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 99 88 95
Rank change year-on-year -11 +7 +15
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 127 132 137
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 2.11% 2.33% 2.14%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.54% 2.82% 2.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 100 93 89
North West median daily rate £388 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% -6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £281
90th Percentile £538 £485 £505
England median daily rate £473 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 4
North West median hourly rate £43.00 £43.75 £45.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.71% -3.58% +21.00%
10th Percentile £41.50 £42.50 £39.14
90th Percentile £44.50 £47.00 £49.93
England median hourly rate £49.50 £46.25 £40.50
% change year-on-year +7.03% +14.20% +8.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 5,000 4,673 5,470
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 83.03% 82.61% 85.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,166 3,014 3,511
North West median daily rate £413 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% - -
10th Percentile £263 £263 £250
90th Percentile £575 £588 £573
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 280 207 166
North West median hourly rate £22.47 £27.00 £24.22
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.80% +11.50% -16.50%
10th Percentile £11.55 £11.67 £12.13
90th Percentile £48.75 £52.55 £53.25
England median hourly rate £22.10 £25.00 £23.10
% change year-on-year -11.61% +8.25% +4.98%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West over the 6 months to 17 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the North West

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the North West region over the 6 months to 17 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -9 77 £400 +6.67% 35
Cheshire +4 40 £375 - 21
Cumbria -2 4 £300 -15.79%
Lancashire -24 3 £650 +111.38% 2
Merseyside -13 2 £473 +18.13% 13
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 17 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 59 (46.46%) Java
2 50 (39.37%) .NET
2 50 (39.37%) Continuous Integration
3 49 (38.58%) Agile Software Development
4 48 (37.80%) Test Automation
5 47 (37.01%) JavaScript
6 43 (33.86%) Jenkins
7 38 (29.92%) Git (software)
8 36 (28.35%) HTML
8 36 (28.35%) CSS
9 33 (25.98%) AngularJS
10 32 (25.20%) Android
11 30 (23.62%) Scrum
12 28 (22.05%) MVC
12 28 (22.05%) Android Development
13 25 (19.69%) TDD
13 25 (19.69%) C#
13 25 (19.69%) Android SDK
14 23 (18.11%) SQL
14 23 (18.11%) HTML5
15 22 (17.32%) Software Engineering
15 22 (17.32%) Microsoft
15 22 (17.32%) CSS3
16 21 (16.54%) Linux
16 21 (16.54%) JIRA
16 21 (16.54%) Amazon AWS
17 20 (15.75%) Confluence
17 20 (15.75%) C++
17 20 (15.75%) DevOps
18 19 (14.96%) Gradle

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (15.75%) Confluence
2 12 (9.45%) IIS
3 10 (7.87%) Apache
3 10 (7.87%) Jetty
3 10 (7.87%) Mongrel
3 10 (7.87%) nginx
3 10 (7.87%) Tomcat
3 10 (7.87%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.57%) CMS
4 2 (1.57%) SAS
4 2 (1.57%) Sitecore CMS
4 2 (1.57%) WebSphere Application Server
5 1 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
5 1 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.79%) K2 blackpearl
5 1 (0.79%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 2 (1.57%) Adobe Illustrator
1 2 (1.57%) Fireworks
1 2 (1.57%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.57%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 1 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
1 1 (0.79%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 21 (16.54%) Amazon AWS
2 14 (11.02%) Cloud Computing
2 14 (11.02%) Google Cloud Platform
3 12 (9.45%) Microsoft Azure
4 10 (7.87%) Amazon EC2
4 10 (7.87%) Google App Engine
5 5 (3.94%) IaaS
6 4 (3.15%) AWS CloudFormation
6 4 (3.15%) Yarn
7 3 (2.36%) GitHub
7 3 (2.36%) npm
8 2 (1.57%) SaaS
9 1 (0.79%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.79%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.79%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 15 (11.81%) HTTP
2 14 (11.02%) DHCP
2 14 (11.02%) DNS
2 14 (11.02%) FTP
2 14 (11.02%) IPsec
2 14 (11.02%) TCP/IP
3 10 (7.87%) SSL
4 4 (3.15%) Internet
5 1 (0.79%) Firewall
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (14.96%) SQL Server
2 9 (7.09%) Relational Database
3 4 (3.15%) MySQL
4 3 (2.36%) Hazelcast
5 2 (1.57%) MongoDB
5 2 (1.57%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.57%) SAS Enterprise Guide
5 2 (1.57%) SQL Server 2014
6 1 (0.79%) Amazon Redshift
6 1 (0.79%) CouchDB
6 1 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.79%) DB2
6 1 (0.79%) Hadoop
6 1 (0.79%) Oracle Database
6 1 (0.79%) Oracle Reports
6 1 (0.79%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.79%) PowerCenter
6 1 (0.79%) RavenDB
6 1 (0.79%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1 (0.79%) Star Schema
Development Applications
1 43 (33.86%) Jenkins
2 38 (29.92%) Git (software)
3 21 (16.54%) JIRA
4 19 (14.96%) Gradle
5 14 (11.02%) JUnit
6 10 (7.87%) Travis CI
7 7 (5.51%) Subversion
8 5 (3.94%) Android Studio
8 5 (3.94%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (3.94%) Mocha
8 5 (3.94%) Selenium
8 5 (3.94%) TeamCity
9 4 (3.15%) Axure RP
9 4 (3.15%) gulp
9 4 (3.15%) Karma Test Runner
9 4 (3.15%) Maven
9 4 (3.15%) Visual Studio
10 3 (2.36%) IntelliJ
10 3 (2.36%) Mercurial
10 3 (2.36%) Mockito
General
1 10 (7.87%) Banking
2 6 (4.72%) Finance
3 3 (2.36%) Retail
4 2 (1.57%) Automotive
4 2 (1.57%) Front Office
4 2 (1.57%) Law
4 2 (1.57%) Manufacturing
5 1 (0.79%) Avionics
5 1 (0.79%) Back Office
5 1 (0.79%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 94 (74.02%) Developer
2 26 (20.47%) Android Developer
3 16 (12.60%) .NET Developer
4 13 (10.24%) C# Developer
5 12 (9.45%) Java Developer
6 11 (8.66%) DevOps Engineer
7 10 (7.87%) PHP Developer
8 9 (7.09%) Software Engineer
9 8 (6.30%) C# .NET Developer
9 8 (6.30%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
10 6 (4.72%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
11 5 (3.94%) ASP.NET Developer
11 5 (3.94%) C# ASP.NET Developer
12 4 (3.15%) AWS DevOps
12 4 (3.15%) Consultant
12 4 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
12 4 (3.15%) Java Engineer
12 4 (3.15%) JavaScript Developer
12 4 (3.15%) SAP Developer
12 4 (3.15%) SAPUI5 Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (39.37%) .NET
2 36 (28.35%) CSS
2 36 (28.35%) HTML
3 33 (25.98%) AngularJS
4 25 (19.69%) Android SDK
5 23 (18.11%) HTML5
6 22 (17.32%) CSS3
7 18 (14.17%) Ionic Framework
8 17 (13.39%) Node.js
8 17 (13.39%) Web Services
9 16 (12.60%) Android NDK
9 16 (12.60%) REST
9 16 (12.60%) RESTful
10 12 (9.45%) .NET Framework
10 12 (9.45%) React
10 12 (9.45%) Spring
11 11 (8.66%) ASP.NET
11 11 (8.66%) JSON
11 11 (8.66%) SOAP
12 10 (7.87%) Servlets
Miscellaneous
1 10 (7.87%) Analytical Skills
1 10 (7.87%) Mobile App
2 6 (4.72%) Greenfield Project
2 6 (4.72%) Management Information System
2 6 (4.72%) User Experience
3 5 (3.94%) Data Structures
3 5 (3.94%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
3 5 (3.94%) Enterprise Software
4 4 (3.15%) Self-Motivation
5 2 (1.57%) Blog
5 2 (1.57%) Equities
5 2 (1.57%) NHS
5 2 (1.57%) Pricing Data
6 1 (0.79%) Algorithms
6 1 (0.79%) Mobile Banking
6 1 (0.79%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 32 (25.20%) Android
2 21 (16.54%) Linux
3 10 (7.87%) Windows
4 3 (2.36%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.57%) Embedded Linux
5 2 (1.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 2 (1.57%) Unix
6 1 (0.79%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (39.37%) Continuous Integration
2 49 (38.58%) Agile Software Development
3 48 (37.80%) Test Automation
4 30 (23.62%) Scrum
5 28 (22.05%) Android Development
5 28 (22.05%) MVC
6 25 (19.69%) TDD
7 22 (17.32%) Software Engineering
8 20 (15.75%) DevOps
9 18 (14.17%) Secure Coding
10 17 (13.39%) OO
11 16 (12.60%) Cryptography
11 16 (12.60%) Pair Programming
12 15 (11.81%) Configuration Management
12 15 (11.81%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (11.02%) OOP
14 13 (10.24%) BDD
14 13 (10.24%) Front End Development
15 10 (7.87%) Kanban
15 10 (7.87%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 59 (46.46%) Java
2 47 (37.01%) JavaScript
3 25 (19.69%) C#
4 23 (18.11%) SQL
5 20 (15.75%) C++
6 19 (14.96%) C
7 11 (8.66%) PHP
8 7 (5.51%) Python
9 6 (4.72%) Kotlin
10 4 (3.15%) ABAP
10 4 (3.15%) Bash Shell
10 4 (3.15%) Scala
10 4 (3.15%) T-SQL
10 4 (3.15%) TypeScript
11 3 (2.36%) Delphi
11 3 (2.36%) Groovy
11 3 (2.36%) Shell Script
12 2 (1.57%) ES6
12 2 (1.57%) Java 8
12 2 (1.57%) SAS Macro
Qualifications
1 7 (5.51%) Security Cleared
2 5 (3.94%) Degree
2 5 (3.94%) SC Cleared
3 4 (3.15%) HND
4 3 (2.36%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (1.57%) SAS Certification
6 1 (0.79%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.79%) MCTS
6 1 (0.79%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.94%) QA
2 2 (1.57%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 10 (7.87%) VMware Infrastructure
1 10 (7.87%) Xen
2 8 (6.30%) Docker
Systems Management
1 16 (12.60%) Puppet
2 7 (5.51%) Opscode Chef
3 6 (4.72%) Ansible
4 4 (3.15%) Salt
4 4 (3.15%) Terraform
Vendors
1 22 (17.32%) Microsoft
2 16 (12.60%) Google
3 14 (11.02%) Oracle
4 10 (7.87%) VMware
5 6 (4.72%) SAP
6 2 (1.57%) Adobe
6 2 (1.57%) IBM
6 2 (1.57%) Sitecore
6 2 (1.57%) Telerik
7 1 (0.79%) Cloudera
7 1 (0.79%) Cognos
7 1 (0.79%) EnterpriseDB
7 1 (0.79%) Informatica
7 1 (0.79%) Pega
7 1 (0.79%) Perforce
7 1 (0.79%) ServiceNow
7 1 (0.79%) Tableau