Period
to 12 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 12 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
12 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 16 11 20
Rank change year-on-year -5 +9 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 478 507 488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 8.13% 8.95% 6.99%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.06% 28.36% 24.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 322 376 372
North West median daily rate £380 £363 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.83% -3.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £268 £274 £250
90th Percentile £488 £475 £488
England median daily rate £428 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +0.59% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 5 0
North West median hourly rate £30.00 £37.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% - -
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £35.69
% change year-on-year +5.00% +12.09% +13.21%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,987 1,788 1,974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 33.78% 31.57% 28.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,373 1,209 1,384
North West median daily rate £400 £400 £389
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.96% -2.88%
10th Percentile £308 £300 £275
90th Percentile £550 £525 £500
England median daily rate £475 £462 £425
% change year-on-year +2.76% +8.76% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 48 29
North West median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +23.08% -7.14%
10th Percentile £11.70 £18.53 £15.45
90th Percentile £57.70 £50.51 £44.80
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 12 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 12 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -5 286 £375 +3.45% 304
Cheshire +9 85 £375 - 83
Lancashire +18 61 £432 +32.85% 33
Merseyside -16 30 £400 -1.84% 41
Cumbria - 11 £440 - 2
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 12 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 450 (94.14%) HTML
2 372 (77.82%) JavaScript
3 221 (46.23%) Agile Software Development
4 173 (36.19%) HTML5
5 166 (34.73%) AngularJS
6 137 (28.66%) jQuery
7 133 (27.82%) .NET
8 124 (25.94%) C#
9 120 (25.10%) Front End Development
10 118 (24.69%) CSS3
11 116 (24.27%) Java
12 111 (23.22%) Git (software)
13 99 (20.71%) React
14 86 (17.99%) Node.js
14 86 (17.99%) TDD
15 83 (17.36%) User Experience
16 74 (15.48%) MVC
17 72 (15.06%) SQL
18 71 (14.85%) ASP.NET
19 68 (14.23%) SQL Server
19 68 (14.23%) Web Services
20 66 (13.81%) XML
21 65 (13.60%) RESTful
22 64 (13.39%) Test Automation
23 60 (12.55%) Scrum
24 59 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
25 57 (11.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 54 (11.30%) Microsoft
27 51 (10.67%) Sass
28 48 (10.04%) JIRA

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (5.23%) Confluence
2 19 (3.97%) CMS
3 13 (2.72%) WordPress
4 12 (2.51%) SharePoint
5 6 (1.26%) Apache
5 6 (1.26%) Apache Solr
5 6 (1.26%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (1.26%) Mule
6 5 (1.05%) Tomcat
7 4 (0.84%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 4 (0.84%) WebLogic
8 3 (0.63%) nginx
8 3 (0.63%) SharePoint 2013
8 3 (0.63%) Umbraco
8 3 (0.63%) WebSphere
9 2 (0.42%) Commerce Server
9 2 (0.42%) Drupal
9 2 (0.42%) Sitecore CMS
10 1 (0.21%) Liferay
10 1 (0.21%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 15 (3.14%) Photoshop
2 13 (2.72%) Adobe Illustrator
3 6 (1.26%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (1.05%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (0.84%) Fireworks
5 4 (0.84%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.84%) OmniGraffle
5 4 (0.84%) UXPin
6 2 (0.42%) InDesign
6 2 (0.42%) InVision
6 2 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
7 1 (0.21%) Acrobat
7 1 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.21%) Adobe Premiere
7 1 (0.21%) CATIA
7 1 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 26 (5.44%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (2.09%) Magento
3 1 (0.21%) Primavera
3 1 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.21%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 40 (8.37%) Microsoft Azure
2 34 (7.11%) Amazon AWS
3 16 (3.35%) GitHub
4 9 (1.88%) Dynamics 365
4 9 (1.88%) npm
5 8 (1.67%) Google Analytics
6 6 (1.26%) Apigee
7 4 (0.84%) SaaS
7 4 (0.84%) Yarn
8 3 (0.63%) BrowserStack
9 2 (0.42%) Adobe Analytics
9 2 (0.42%) Office 365
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon EC2
10 1 (0.21%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.21%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.21%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
10 1 (0.21%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 15 (3.14%) Internet
2 4 (0.84%) Broadband
3 2 (0.42%) AMQP
3 2 (0.42%) HTTP
4 1 (0.21%) Intranet
4 1 (0.21%) Skype
4 1 (0.21%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 68 (14.23%) SQL Server
2 41 (8.58%) MySQL
3 29 (6.07%) MongoDB
4 22 (4.60%) Relational Database
5 19 (3.97%) RavenDB
6 18 (3.77%) PostgreSQL
7 12 (2.51%) RDBMS
8 7 (1.46%) NoSQL
9 4 (0.84%) Oracle Database
9 4 (0.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 3 (0.63%) Big Data
10 3 (0.63%) Redis
10 3 (0.63%) ZAP BI
11 2 (0.42%) Amazon Redshift
11 2 (0.42%) MariaDB
11 2 (0.42%) QlikView
11 2 (0.42%) SQL Server 2012
11 2 (0.42%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 1 (0.21%) Azure SQL Database
12 1 (0.21%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 111 (23.22%) Git (software)
2 48 (10.04%) JIRA
3 47 (9.83%) Jenkins
4 28 (5.86%) gulp
5 25 (5.23%) Axure RP
6 23 (4.81%) Grunt
6 23 (4.81%) Selenium
6 23 (4.81%) Visual Studio
7 20 (4.18%) Bitbucket
7 20 (4.18%) Karma Test Runner
8 18 (3.77%) Gradle
9 16 (3.35%) Maven
10 14 (2.93%) webpack
11 13 (2.72%) JMeter
11 13 (2.72%) JUnit
12 12 (2.51%) Cucumber
13 11 (2.30%) Protractor
13 11 (2.30%) SoapUI
14 10 (2.09%) Eclipse
14 10 (2.09%) Mercurial
General
1 34 (7.11%) Finance
2 23 (4.81%) Retail
3 9 (1.88%) Games
3 9 (1.88%) Marketing
4 8 (1.67%) Banking
4 8 (1.67%) Legal
5 7 (1.46%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.05%) Back Office
7 4 (0.84%) Interactive Media
7 4 (0.84%) Local Government
7 4 (0.84%) Manufacturing
8 2 (0.42%) Billing
8 2 (0.42%) Electronics
8 2 (0.42%) Multimedia
9 1 (0.21%) Aerospace
9 1 (0.21%) Military
9 1 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 384 (80.33%) Developer
2 82 (17.15%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 62 (12.97%) .NET Developer
4 52 (10.88%) JavaScript Developer
5 36 (7.53%) Java Developer
6 35 (7.32%) C# Developer
7 33 (6.90%) UI Developer
8 30 (6.28%) Full Stack Developer
8 30 (6.28%) HTML Developer
9 29 (6.07%) Angular Developer
10 28 (5.86%) Designer
11 27 (5.65%) React Developer
12 26 (5.44%) HTML CSS Developer
13 25 (5.23%) C# .NET Developer
14 19 (3.97%) PHP Developer
15 18 (3.77%) Senior Developer
16 16 (3.35%) Android Developer
16 16 (3.35%) UX Designer
17 14 (2.93%) Tester
18 13 (2.72%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 450 (94.14%) HTML
2 173 (36.19%) HTML5
3 166 (34.73%) AngularJS
4 137 (28.66%) jQuery
5 133 (27.82%) .NET
6 118 (24.69%) CSS3
7 99 (20.71%) React
8 86 (17.99%) Node.js
9 71 (14.85%) ASP.NET
10 68 (14.23%) Web Services
11 66 (13.81%) XML
12 65 (13.60%) RESTful
13 57 (11.92%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 51 (10.67%) Sass
15 44 (9.21%) Ajax
16 37 (7.74%) Spring
17 36 (7.53%) JSON
17 36 (7.53%) REST
18 30 (6.28%) LESS
19 29 (6.07%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 83 (17.36%) User Experience
2 25 (5.23%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (4.81%) Greenfield Project
3 23 (4.81%) Mobile App
4 14 (2.93%) Computer Science
5 13 (2.72%) Semantic Web
6 10 (2.09%) NHS
7 7 (1.46%) Algorithms
8 4 (0.84%) 3D Graphics
8 4 (0.84%) Graphic Design
8 4 (0.84%) RIA
8 4 (0.84%) Social Media
9 3 (0.63%) Animation
9 3 (0.63%) Enterprise Software
9 3 (0.63%) Linux Command Line
9 3 (0.63%) Self-Motivation
9 3 (0.63%) Taxonomies
10 2 (0.42%) Fintech
11 1 (0.21%) Mobile Banking
11 1 (0.21%) Mobile Payment
Operating Systems
1 23 (4.81%) Android
2 17 (3.56%) Linux
3 9 (1.88%) Apple iOS
4 8 (1.67%) Unix
5 5 (1.05%) Windows
6 2 (0.42%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (0.21%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 221 (46.23%) Agile Software Development
2 120 (25.10%) Front End Development
3 86 (17.99%) TDD
4 74 (15.48%) MVC
5 64 (13.39%) Test Automation
6 60 (12.55%) Scrum
7 59 (12.34%) Continuous Integration
8 46 (9.62%) Web Development
9 45 (9.41%) Responsive Web Design
10 40 (8.37%) Unit Testing
11 34 (7.11%) Web Design
12 33 (6.90%) BDD
13 32 (6.69%) CRM
14 30 (6.28%) OOP
15 29 (6.07%) E-Commerce
16 28 (5.86%) OO
16 28 (5.86%) Software Engineering
17 26 (5.44%) Workflow
18 25 (5.23%) Problem-Solving
19 23 (4.81%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 372 (77.82%) JavaScript
2 124 (25.94%) C#
3 116 (24.27%) Java
4 72 (15.06%) SQL
5 42 (8.79%) PHP
6 29 (6.07%) Python
7 21 (4.39%) C++
8 20 (4.18%) TypeScript
9 19 (3.97%) C
10 13 (2.72%) Ruby
11 11 (2.30%) ES6
12 9 (1.88%) Scala
13 8 (1.67%) Java 8
13 8 (1.67%) PL/SQL
14 6 (1.26%) Objective-C
14 6 (1.26%) R
14 6 (1.26%) T-SQL
14 6 (1.26%) VB.NET
15 5 (1.05%) Groovy
16 4 (0.84%) VB
Qualifications
1 32 (6.69%) Degree
2 20 (4.18%) Security Cleared
3 11 (2.30%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (1.88%) SC Cleared
5 3 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.42%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.21%) APMP
7 1 (0.21%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.21%) Numerate Degree
7 1 (0.21%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (1.88%) QA
2 8 (1.67%) WAI
3 1 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.21%) GDPR
System Software
1 10 (2.09%) Docker
2 1 (0.21%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 6 (1.26%) Kibana
1 6 (1.26%) logstash
2 3 (0.63%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.21%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 54 (11.30%) Microsoft
2 25 (5.23%) Oracle
3 21 (4.39%) Adobe
4 18 (3.77%) Google
5 15 (3.14%) SAP
6 6 (1.26%) ServiceNow
7 5 (1.05%) Zend
8 3 (0.63%) hybris
8 3 (0.63%) Sitecore
8 3 (0.63%) Telerik
8 3 (0.63%) Twitter
8 3 (0.63%) Xamarin
9 2 (0.42%) DevExpress
9 2 (0.42%) Tealium
10 1 (0.21%) Apple
10 1 (0.21%) Cypress Semiconductor
10 1 (0.21%) Facebook
10 1 (0.21%) Red Hat
10 1 (0.21%) Salesforce.com
10 1 (0.21%) SmartCo