Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 41 23 11
Rank change year-on-year -18 -12 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 118 348 663
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the North West 4.65% 6.50% 10.72%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 18.64% 20.96% 30.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 81 247 460
Median daily rate £390 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £263 £298 £250
90th Percentile £538 £488 £500
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 2 9
Median hourly rate £42.75 £15.31 £13.54
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +179.18% +13.13% -66.16%
10th Percentile £36.43 £13.26 £12.45
90th Percentile £50.08 £16.80 £32.50
England median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -30.00% +17.65% +6.25%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 633 1,660 2,176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 24.94% 30.99% 35.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 421 1,165 1,467
Median daily rate £425 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £281 £313 £300
90th Percentile £594 £575 £548
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 17 34
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.67% +7.14% -12.50%
10th Percentile £19.68 £15.39 £12.76
90th Percentile £68.75 £47.30 £51.40
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
% change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +2.54%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -3 82 £400 +3.09% 88
Cheshire -20 18 £308 -21.90% 24
Lancashire -4 10 £425 +6.25% 13
Merseyside -6 7 £475 +18.75% 18
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 114 (96.61%) HTML
2 97 (82.20%) JavaScript
3 50 (42.37%) Front End Development
4 47 (39.83%) HTML5
5 37 (31.36%) User Experience
6 34 (28.81%) Git (software)
6 34 (28.81%) Node.js
6 34 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
7 32 (27.12%) jQuery
8 31 (26.27%) Sass
9 30 (25.42%) TDD
9 30 (25.42%) React
10 25 (21.19%) Java
11 23 (19.49%) Web Development
12 22 (18.64%) AngularJS
12 22 (18.64%) Responsive Web Design
12 22 (18.64%) .NET
13 20 (16.95%) CSS3
13 20 (16.95%) Test Automation
14 18 (15.25%) C#
14 18 (15.25%) Linux
14 18 (15.25%) Web Design
15 17 (14.41%) WCAG
16 16 (13.56%) Web Accessibility
17 15 (12.71%) Public Sector
18 14 (11.86%) gulp
18 14 (11.86%) ES6
18 14 (11.86%) JSON
18 14 (11.86%) Unix
18 14 (11.86%) ASP.NET

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (6.78%) CMS
2 6 (5.08%) Apache
3 4 (3.39%) IIS
3 4 (3.39%) JBoss
3 4 (3.39%) Tomcat
4 2 (1.69%) Cloud Foundry
4 2 (1.69%) SharePoint
4 2 (1.69%) WordPress
5 1 (0.85%) Appian
5 1 (0.85%) Camunda
5 1 (0.85%) Drupal
5 1 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.85%) Joomla!
5 1 (0.85%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 1 (0.85%) Umbraco
5 1 (0.85%) WebLogic
5 1 (0.85%) WebSphere
Applications
1 7 (5.93%) Photoshop
2 6 (5.08%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (4.24%) InVision
3 5 (4.24%) Sketch
4 2 (1.69%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (1.69%) Dynamics CRM
1 2 (1.69%) Shopify
2 1 (0.85%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 11 (9.32%) AWS
1 11 (9.32%) Azure
2 7 (5.93%) GitHub
3 5 (4.24%) GCP
4 2 (1.69%) BrowserStack
4 2 (1.69%) npm
4 2 (1.69%) SaaS
5 1 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (0.85%) Google Analytics
5 1 (0.85%) Serverless
5 1 (0.85%) Slack
5 1 (0.85%) WhatsApp
5 1 (0.85%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.54%) DNS
1 3 (2.54%) HTTP
1 3 (2.54%) Internet
2 2 (1.69%) DMZ
2 2 (1.69%) Extranet
2 2 (1.69%) Intranet
3 1 (0.85%) Firewall
3 1 (0.85%) Network Security
3 1 (0.85%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (11.02%) SQL Server
2 10 (8.47%) MySQL
3 7 (5.93%) MongoDB
3 7 (5.93%) NoSQL
4 5 (4.24%) Neo4j
5 4 (3.39%) Relational Database
6 2 (1.69%) Big Data
6 2 (1.69%) OrientDB
Development Applications
1 34 (28.81%) Git (software)
2 14 (11.86%) gulp
3 11 (9.32%) Subversion
4 10 (8.47%) Grunt
4 10 (8.47%) Jasmine
4 10 (8.47%) Mocha
5 8 (6.78%) GitLab
5 8 (6.78%) JIRA
6 4 (3.39%) JUnit
7 3 (2.54%) Cucumber
7 3 (2.54%) Jenkins
7 3 (2.54%) Postman
7 3 (2.54%) Selenium
7 3 (2.54%) Visual Studio
8 2 (1.69%) Bitbucket
8 2 (1.69%) Bitbucket Server
8 2 (1.69%) Eclipse
8 2 (1.69%) GoCD
8 2 (1.69%) Team Foundation Server
8 2 (1.69%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 15 (12.71%) Public Sector
2 8 (6.78%) Finance
3 6 (5.08%) Retail
4 5 (4.24%) Law
5 3 (2.54%) Banking
5 3 (2.54%) Marketing
5 3 (2.54%) Pharmaceutical
6 2 (1.69%) Automotive
6 2 (1.69%) Manufacturing
6 2 (1.69%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.85%) Games
Job Titles
1 94 (79.66%) Developer
2 43 (36.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 13 (11.02%) React Developer
4 12 (10.17%) JavaScript Developer
5 8 (6.78%) Designer
6 7 (5.93%) C# Developer
6 7 (5.93%) Full Stack Developer
6 7 (5.93%) HTML Developer
6 7 (5.93%) PHP Developer
7 6 (5.08%) HTML CSS Developer
7 6 (5.08%) Senior Developer
7 6 (5.08%) UI Developer
8 5 (4.24%) UX Designer
9 4 (3.39%) .NET Developer
9 4 (3.39%) Software Engineer
9 4 (3.39%) Web Developer
10 3 (2.54%) Analyst
10 3 (2.54%) Angular Developer
10 3 (2.54%) Cloud Engineer
10 3 (2.54%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 114 (96.61%) HTML
2 47 (39.83%) HTML5
3 34 (28.81%) Node.js
4 32 (27.12%) jQuery
5 31 (26.27%) Sass
6 30 (25.42%) React
7 22 (18.64%) .NET
7 22 (18.64%) AngularJS
8 20 (16.95%) CSS3
9 14 (11.86%) ASP.NET
9 14 (11.86%) JSON
10 12 (10.17%) Mustache
10 12 (10.17%) RESTful
11 9 (7.63%) REST
11 9 (7.63%) Spring
11 9 (7.63%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 8 (6.78%) XML
13 7 (5.93%) Ajax
13 7 (5.93%) React Native
13 7 (5.93%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 37 (31.36%) User Experience
2 9 (7.63%) Mobile App
3 6 (5.08%) Analytical Skills
4 4 (3.39%) Cloud Native
5 2 (1.69%) Algorithms
5 2 (1.69%) Linked Data
5 2 (1.69%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.85%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (0.85%) iPad
6 1 (0.85%) iPhone
6 1 (0.85%) Learning Management System
6 1 (0.85%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 18 (15.25%) Linux
2 14 (11.86%) Unix
3 11 (9.32%) Mac OS X
4 3 (2.54%) Windows
5 2 (1.69%) Android
5 2 (1.69%) Apple iOS
5 2 (1.69%) CentOS
5 2 (1.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.85%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (42.37%) Front End Development
2 34 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
3 30 (25.42%) TDD
4 23 (19.49%) Web Development
5 22 (18.64%) Responsive Web Design
6 20 (16.95%) Test Automation
7 18 (15.25%) Web Design
8 16 (13.56%) Web Accessibility
9 13 (11.02%) Microservices
10 12 (10.17%) Continuous Deployment
10 12 (10.17%) OO
11 10 (8.47%) Pair Programming
12 8 (6.78%) DevOps
12 8 (6.78%) MVC
12 8 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
12 8 (6.78%) SOA
12 8 (6.78%) Wireframes
13 6 (5.08%) OOP
13 6 (5.08%) Scrum
13 6 (5.08%) User-Centered Design (UCD)
Programming Languages
1 97 (82.20%) JavaScript
2 25 (21.19%) Java
3 18 (15.25%) C#
4 14 (11.86%) ES6
5 13 (11.02%) SQL
6 11 (9.32%) PHP
7 10 (8.47%) TypeScript
8 4 (3.39%) VB.NET
9 3 (2.54%) Java 8
9 3 (2.54%) Python
9 3 (2.54%) T-SQL
10 2 (1.69%) Bash Shell
10 2 (1.69%) Groovy
11 1 (0.85%) C++
11 1 (0.85%) ES7
11 1 (0.85%) ES8
11 1 (0.85%) Perl
11 1 (0.85%) PHP 7
11 1 (0.85%) Ruby
11 1 (0.85%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 9 (7.63%) Security Cleared
2 7 (5.93%) BPSS Clearance
3 4 (3.39%) DBS Check
3 4 (3.39%) SC Cleared
4 3 (2.54%) Degree
5 1 (0.85%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (14.41%) WCAG
2 3 (2.54%) QA
3 2 (1.69%) GDPR
4 1 (0.85%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.85%) PMO
4 1 (0.85%) SLA
System Software
1 2 (1.69%) Active Directory
1 2 (1.69%) Docker
2 1 (0.85%) ISA Server
Systems Management
1 6 (5.08%) Kubernetes
2 3 (2.54%) Terraform
3 2 (1.69%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.85%) Plesk
Vendors
1 7 (5.93%) Microsoft
2 6 (5.08%) Google
3 4 (3.39%) Red Hat
4 2 (1.69%) Oracle
4 2 (1.69%) Xamarin
5 1 (0.85%) Atlassian
5 1 (0.85%) BEA
5 1 (0.85%) BuddyPress
5 1 (0.85%) Cisco
5 1 (0.85%) Demandware
5 1 (0.85%) IBM
5 1 (0.85%) Kony
5 1 (0.85%) Lets Encrypt
5 1 (0.85%) Salesforce.com
5 1 (0.85%) Splunk