Period
to 19 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
19 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 11 11 19
Rank change year-on-year 0 +8 +9
Contract jobs citing CSS 639 467 567
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 10.94% 8.55% 7.36%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 31.87% 27.65% 28.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 435 316 388
North West median daily rate £375 £350 £361
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.14% -3.11% +11.15%
10th Percentile £252 £263 £250
90th Percentile £495 £475 £500
England median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +6.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 14 9
North West median hourly rate £13.54 £40.00 £26.83
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -66.16% +49.09% -
10th Percentile £12.65 £14.05 £16.98
90th Percentile £23.40 £42.63 £41.47
England median hourly rate £45.00 £36.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% +4.35% +16.95%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,005 1,689 2,000
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 34.33% 30.94% 25.96%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,354 1,123 1,362
North West median daily rate £400 £388 £379
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% +2.38% +0.93%
10th Percentile £290 £270 £273
90th Percentile £538 £500 £519
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 58 60
North West median hourly rate £37.50 £40.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.25% +8.11% +12.91%
10th Percentile £12.83 £18.52 £17.26
90th Percentile £61.91 £50.00 £47.33
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.38 £37.75
% change year-on-year +5.25% +6.97% +7.86%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 19 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 19 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester +4 416 £375 +7.14% 257
Cheshire +19 108 £350 -9.68% 72
Lancashire +19 66 £444 +48.08% 38
Merseyside -21 20 £400 +14.29% 20
Cumbria - 7 £325 - 2
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 19 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 591 (92.49%) HTML
2 499 (78.09%) JavaScript
3 263 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
4 213 (33.33%) HTML5
5 195 (30.52%) CSS3
6 192 (30.05%) AngularJS
7 190 (29.73%) Front End Development
8 147 (23.00%) jQuery
9 134 (20.97%) Git (software)
10 129 (20.19%) .NET
11 128 (20.03%) Java
12 127 (19.87%) User Experience
13 125 (19.56%) TDD
14 124 (19.41%) C#
15 122 (19.09%) MVC
16 119 (18.62%) React
17 118 (18.47%) PHP
18 117 (18.31%) Node.js
19 111 (17.37%) SQL
20 90 (14.08%) ASP.NET
21 85 (13.30%) Sass
22 84 (13.15%) Scrum
23 80 (12.52%) SQL Server
24 79 (12.36%) MySQL
25 77 (12.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
26 68 (10.64%) Web Services
27 62 (9.70%) Web Development
28 61 (9.55%) E-Commerce
29 59 (9.23%) REST
30 58 (9.08%) Ajax

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (6.42%) CMS
2 27 (4.23%) WordPress
3 22 (3.44%) Drupal
4 20 (3.13%) Tomcat
5 17 (2.66%) Apache
6 11 (1.72%) WebSphere
7 9 (1.41%) Umbraco
8 8 (1.25%) SharePoint
9 7 (1.10%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (1.10%) Joomla!
10 6 (0.94%) IIS
11 5 (0.78%) Commerce Server
11 5 (0.78%) Confluence
12 4 (0.63%) EPiServer
12 4 (0.63%) Mongoose
12 4 (0.63%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.63%) WebLogic Portal
13 2 (0.31%) nginx
13 2 (0.31%) Sitecore CMS
14 1 (0.16%) Liferay
Applications
1 27 (4.23%) Adobe Illustrator
2 22 (3.44%) Photoshop
3 9 (1.41%) InVision
4 6 (0.94%) Adobe After Effects
5 5 (0.78%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 5 (0.78%) Adobe Premiere
5 5 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
6 3 (0.47%) Fireworks
7 2 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.16%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 24 (3.76%) Magento
2 5 (0.78%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.16%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.16%) OpenCart
3 1 (0.16%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 27 (4.23%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (4.07%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (1.88%) GitHub
4 9 (1.41%) npm
4 9 (1.41%) SaaS
5 8 (1.25%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
6 7 (1.10%) Google Analytics
7 5 (0.78%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.63%) Dynamics 365
9 3 (0.47%) Adobe Analytics
9 3 (0.47%) Yarn
10 2 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
11 1 (0.16%) Adobe Creative Cloud
11 1 (0.16%) AdWords
11 1 (0.16%) Amazon ElastiCache
11 1 (0.16%) Amazon S3
11 1 (0.16%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 16 (2.50%) Internet
2 8 (1.25%) Broadband
3 6 (0.94%) HTTP
4 3 (0.47%) TCP/IP
5 2 (0.31%) FTP
5 2 (0.31%) SMS
5 2 (0.31%) SSL
6 1 (0.16%) AMQP
6 1 (0.16%) Firewall
6 1 (0.16%) Intranet
6 1 (0.16%) Intrusion Detection
Database & Business Intelligence
1 80 (12.52%) SQL Server
2 79 (12.36%) MySQL
3 28 (4.38%) Relational Database
4 25 (3.91%) NoSQL
5 16 (2.50%) MongoDB
6 13 (2.03%) RavenDB
7 9 (1.41%) PostgreSQL
8 8 (1.25%) CouchDB
8 8 (1.25%) Neo4j
9 6 (0.94%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 5 (0.78%) DB2
10 5 (0.78%) RDBMS
11 4 (0.63%) Redis
11 4 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
12 3 (0.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 2 (0.31%) Azure SQL Database
13 2 (0.31%) Big Data
13 2 (0.31%) Blockchain
13 2 (0.31%) Couchbase
13 2 (0.31%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 134 (20.97%) Git (software)
2 48 (7.51%) Grunt
3 36 (5.63%) Karma Test Runner
4 35 (5.48%) Axure RP
5 29 (4.54%) gulp
6 28 (4.38%) Jasmine
7 22 (3.44%) JIRA
8 21 (3.29%) Selenium
9 20 (3.13%) Jenkins
10 19 (2.97%) Visual Studio
11 15 (2.35%) webpack
12 13 (2.03%) Subversion
13 11 (1.72%) Bitbucket
14 9 (1.41%) Protractor
15 7 (1.10%) Cucumber
15 7 (1.10%) Mercurial
15 7 (1.10%) SonarQube
15 7 (1.10%) Team Foundation Server
16 6 (0.94%) GitLab
16 6 (0.94%) TeamCity
General
1 51 (7.98%) Finance
2 29 (4.54%) Retail
3 26 (4.07%) Marketing
4 14 (2.19%) Telecoms
5 8 (1.25%) Games
5 8 (1.25%) Local Government
6 7 (1.10%) Interactive Media
7 6 (0.94%) Electronics
8 5 (0.78%) Banking
9 4 (0.63%) Manufacturing
10 3 (0.47%) Back Office
10 3 (0.47%) Multimedia
11 2 (0.31%) Law
11 2 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
12 1 (0.16%) Advertising
12 1 (0.16%) Legal
12 1 (0.16%) Military
Job Titles
1 522 (81.69%) Developer
2 145 (22.69%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 82 (12.83%) JavaScript Developer
4 73 (11.42%) .NET Developer
5 61 (9.55%) PHP Developer
6 52 (8.14%) Java Developer
7 43 (6.73%) Designer
7 43 (6.73%) Full Stack Developer
8 39 (6.10%) React Developer
9 38 (5.95%) HTML Developer
10 30 (4.69%) Senior Developer
10 30 (4.69%) UX Designer
11 28 (4.38%) HTML CSS Developer
12 27 (4.23%) C# Developer
13 22 (3.44%) Angular Developer
14 20 (3.13%) ASP.NET Developer
14 20 (3.13%) Web Developer
15 19 (2.97%) Node.js Developer
16 18 (2.82%) C# .NET Developer
17 17 (2.66%) Magento Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 591 (92.49%) HTML
2 213 (33.33%) HTML5
3 195 (30.52%) CSS3
4 192 (30.05%) AngularJS
5 147 (23.00%) jQuery
6 129 (20.19%) .NET
7 119 (18.62%) React
8 117 (18.31%) Node.js
9 90 (14.08%) ASP.NET
10 85 (13.30%) Sass
11 77 (12.05%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 68 (10.64%) Web Services
13 59 (9.23%) REST
14 58 (9.08%) Ajax
15 53 (8.29%) SOAP
16 49 (7.67%) XML
17 43 (6.73%) LESS
17 43 (6.73%) RESTful
18 33 (5.16%) JSON
18 33 (5.16%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 127 (19.87%) User Experience
2 41 (6.42%) Greenfield Project
3 32 (5.01%) Mobile App
4 27 (4.23%) Analytical Skills
5 12 (1.88%) Algorithms
6 8 (1.25%) CESG
6 8 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
6 8 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
6 8 (1.25%) Semantic Web
7 6 (0.94%) Computer Science
7 6 (0.94%) Fintech
7 6 (0.94%) Social Media
8 5 (0.78%) NHS
9 4 (0.63%) Web 2.0
9 4 (0.63%) Wiki
10 3 (0.47%) e-Learning
10 3 (0.47%) Management Information System
10 3 (0.47%) Raspberry Pi
10 3 (0.47%) Taxonomies
10 3 (0.47%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 31 (4.85%) Android
2 29 (4.54%) Apple iOS
3 23 (3.60%) Linux
4 16 (2.50%) Windows
5 11 (1.72%) Unix
6 5 (0.78%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 263 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
2 190 (29.73%) Front End Development
3 125 (19.56%) TDD
4 122 (19.09%) MVC
5 84 (13.15%) Scrum
6 62 (9.70%) Web Development
7 61 (9.55%) E-Commerce
8 52 (8.14%) BDD
9 47 (7.36%) Responsive Web Design
10 39 (6.10%) Continuous Integration
11 38 (5.95%) OO
11 38 (5.95%) Software Engineering
12 36 (5.63%) Test Automation
13 33 (5.16%) Unit Testing
14 32 (5.01%) Wireframes
15 28 (4.38%) Kanban
16 25 (3.91%) Problem-Solving
17 23 (3.60%) Prototyping
17 23 (3.60%) Web Design
18 22 (3.44%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 499 (78.09%) JavaScript
2 128 (20.03%) Java
3 124 (19.41%) C#
4 118 (18.47%) PHP
5 111 (17.37%) SQL
6 35 (5.48%) Python
7 21 (3.29%) Ruby
7 21 (3.29%) TypeScript
8 18 (2.82%) ES6
9 15 (2.35%) Java 8
10 13 (2.03%) Groovy
11 11 (1.72%) T-SQL
12 8 (1.25%) Apex Code
12 8 (1.25%) COBOL
12 8 (1.25%) Go
13 7 (1.10%) VB
14 6 (0.94%) C++
15 5 (0.78%) PHP 7
15 5 (0.78%) Scala
16 4 (0.63%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 22 (3.44%) Security Cleared
2 21 (3.29%) Degree
3 13 (2.03%) SC Cleared
4 7 (1.10%) CESG Certified Professional
4 7 (1.10%) IISP
5 6 (0.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 5 (0.78%) CISMP
7 1 (0.16%) CISSP
7 1 (0.16%) Computer Science Degree
7 1 (0.16%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.16%) GCED
7 1 (0.16%) GCFA
7 1 (0.16%) GCIA
7 1 (0.16%) GCIH
7 1 (0.16%) GIAC
7 1 (0.16%) GREM
7 1 (0.16%) GSEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 8 (1.25%) QA
2 6 (0.94%) WAI
3 4 (0.63%) PCI DSS
4 1 (0.16%) CESG Infosec
4 1 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.16%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 1 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 12 (1.88%) Docker
2 3 (0.47%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 5 (0.78%) Puppet
1 5 (0.78%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
2 4 (0.63%) Opscode Chef
2 4 (0.63%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
3 3 (0.47%) Kubernetes
4 2 (0.31%) Ansible
5 1 (0.16%) IBM BigFix
5 1 (0.16%) Plesk
Vendors
1 46 (7.20%) Microsoft
2 29 (4.54%) Oracle
3 25 (3.91%) Adobe
4 9 (1.41%) Google
5 8 (1.25%) Salesforce.com
5 8 (1.25%) SAP
5 8 (1.25%) ServiceNow
6 7 (1.10%) Atlassian
6 7 (1.10%) SOASTA, Inc
7 4 (0.63%) Capita
7 4 (0.63%) WooCommerce
7 4 (0.63%) Zend
8 3 (0.47%) BT
8 3 (0.47%) Tealium
8 3 (0.47%) Twitter
9 2 (0.31%) DevExpress
9 2 (0.31%) hybris
9 2 (0.31%) Sitecore
9 2 (0.31%) Xamarin
10 1 (0.16%) Tableau