The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England / North West
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 14 23 29
Rank change year-on-year +9 +6  
Contract jobs citing CSS 248 251 191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 8.55% 6.69% 5.14%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.41% 26.39% 23.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 175 177 128
Median daily rate £365 £370 £330
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.35% +12.12%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £296 £275 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £450 £500 £426
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 3 1
Median hourly rate £14.50 £20.78 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -30.22% -48.05%  
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £29.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year +28.57% -15.00%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
North West
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 873 951 822
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the North West 30.10% 25.35% 22.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 569 666 538
Median daily rate £388 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.33%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £525 £500
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 19 21
Median hourly rate £41.25 £28.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.73% -32.94%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £23.15 £18.80 £16.16
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.00 £56.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the North West citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester +4 135 £350 - 120
Merseyside +29 58 £400 +10.34% 19
Cheshire +1 35 £400 - 32
Lancashire -6 6 £315 -10.00% 20
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 434 (92.74%) HTML
2 376 (80.34%) JavaScript
3 200 (42.74%) HTML5
4 199 (42.52%) Agile Software Development
5 155 (33.12%) jQuery
6 147 (31.41%) CSS3
7 140 (29.91%) Git (software)
8 138 (29.49%) .NET
9 135 (28.85%) MVC
10 134 (28.63%) AngularJS
11 128 (27.35%) Front End Development
12 123 (26.28%) TDD
13 119 (25.43%) C#
14 109 (23.29%) Scrum
15 107 (22.86%) Java
16 94 (20.09%) MySQL
17 93 (19.87%) ASP.NET
18 84 (17.95%) React
19 83 (17.74%) SQL Server
19 83 (17.74%) PHP
20 81 (17.31%) SQL
21 68 (14.53%) Sass
22 66 (14.10%) Node.js
23 64 (13.68%) User Experience
24 63 (13.46%) Greenfield Project
25 60 (12.82%) gulp
26 59 (12.61%) Web Development
27 57 (12.18%) Unit Testing
28 55 (11.75%) Jenkins
28 55 (11.75%) Spring

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 38 (8.12%) Drupal
2 33 (7.05%) Umbraco
3 31 (6.62%) CMS
4 27 (5.77%) WordPress
5 14 (2.99%) Apache
6 13 (2.78%) Confluence
7 12 (2.56%) EPiServer
7 12 (2.56%) SharePoint
7 12 (2.56%) Tomcat
8 8 (1.71%) Sitecore CMS
8 8 (1.71%) WebSphere
9 7 (1.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 7 (1.50%) SAS
10 5 (1.07%) Apache Solr
10 5 (1.07%) IIS
10 5 (1.07%) SharePoint 2013
11 4 (0.85%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.64%) ExpressionEngine
12 3 (0.64%) Joomla!
12 3 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 26 (5.56%) Photoshop
2 22 (4.70%) Adobe Illustrator
3 16 (3.42%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 3 (0.64%) InVision
5 2 (0.43%) OmniGraffle
6 1 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.21%) Fireworks
6 1 (0.21%) InDesign
6 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Office
6 1 (0.21%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 20 (4.27%) Magento
2 4 (0.85%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
4 1 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.21%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 29 (6.20%) Amazon AWS
2 7 (1.50%) GitHub
2 7 (1.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (1.28%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
4 5 (1.07%) Office 365
5 4 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
6 3 (0.64%) Adobe Creative Cloud
6 3 (0.64%) Amazon EC2
6 3 (0.64%) Azure Active Directory
6 3 (0.64%) OneDrive
6 3 (0.64%) SaaS
6 3 (0.64%) Yammer
7 2 (0.43%) Amazon CloudSearch
7 2 (0.43%) AWS Lambda
7 2 (0.43%) Cloud Computing
7 2 (0.43%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 1 (0.21%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 8 (1.71%) HTTP
2 5 (1.07%) Internet
3 4 (0.85%) AMQP
3 4 (0.85%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.64%) DNS
5 1 (0.21%) BGP
5 1 (0.21%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.21%) Cisco ASA
5 1 (0.21%) EIGRP
5 1 (0.21%) Firewall
5 1 (0.21%) IP Telephony
5 1 (0.21%) LAN
5 1 (0.21%) NFC
5 1 (0.21%) OSPF
5 1 (0.21%) Skype
5 1 (0.21%) VPN
5 1 (0.21%) WAN
5 1 (0.21%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 94 (20.09%) MySQL
2 83 (17.74%) SQL Server
3 45 (9.62%) MongoDB
4 25 (5.34%) Oracle Database
5 20 (4.27%) SQL Server 2008
6 19 (4.06%) NoSQL
7 17 (3.63%) SQL Server 2014
8 10 (2.14%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 9 (1.92%) Relational Database
9 9 (1.92%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 7 (1.50%) Big Data
10 7 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
11 5 (1.07%) DB2
12 4 (0.85%) Apache Cassandra
12 4 (0.85%) Hazelcast
12 4 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 3 (0.64%) CouchDB
13 3 (0.64%) Neo4j
13 3 (0.64%) Riak
13 3 (0.64%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 140 (29.91%) Git (software)
2 60 (12.82%) gulp
3 55 (11.75%) Jenkins
4 38 (8.12%) Grunt
5 31 (6.62%) JIRA
6 25 (5.34%) Team Foundation Server
7 19 (4.06%) Jasmine
7 19 (4.06%) webpack
8 17 (3.63%) Mocha
9 15 (3.21%) Karma Test Runner
9 15 (3.21%) Visual Studio
10 12 (2.56%) Subversion
11 11 (2.35%) Axure RP
11 11 (2.35%) JUnit
11 11 (2.35%) Selenium
12 9 (1.92%) Gradle
13 8 (1.71%) Maven
14 7 (1.50%) SonarQube
15 6 (1.28%) Babel
15 6 (1.28%) SpecFlow
General
1 30 (6.41%) Finance
2 22 (4.70%) Banking
3 8 (1.71%) Marketing
4 7 (1.50%) Pharmaceutical
5 5 (1.07%) Games
6 4 (0.85%) Automotive
6 4 (0.85%) Retail
7 2 (0.43%) Investment Banking
7 2 (0.43%) Legal
7 2 (0.43%) Manufacturing
8 1 (0.21%) Advertising
8 1 (0.21%) Digital Economy
8 1 (0.21%) Interactive Media
8 1 (0.21%) Prime Brokerage
8 1 (0.21%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 414 (88.46%) Developer
2 89 (19.02%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 68 (14.53%) .NET Developer
4 55 (11.75%) JavaScript Developer
5 50 (10.68%) Java Developer
6 36 (7.69%) Senior Developer
7 35 (7.48%) HTML Developer
8 31 (6.62%) PHP Developer
9 29 (6.20%) HTML CSS Developer
10 28 (5.98%) Drupal Developer
11 26 (5.56%) C# Developer
12 24 (5.13%) Web Developer
13 22 (4.70%) Angular Developer
13 22 (4.70%) UI Developer
14 21 (4.49%) C# .NET Developer
15 20 (4.27%) Umbraco Developer
16 17 (3.63%) Software Developer
17 16 (3.42%) Designer
17 16 (3.42%) Node.js Developer
18 15 (3.21%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 434 (92.74%) HTML
2 200 (42.74%) HTML5
3 155 (33.12%) jQuery
4 147 (31.41%) CSS3
5 138 (29.49%) .NET
6 134 (28.63%) AngularJS
7 93 (19.87%) ASP.NET
8 84 (17.95%) React
9 68 (14.53%) Sass
10 66 (14.10%) Node.js
11 55 (11.75%) Spring
12 54 (11.54%) RESTful
13 50 (10.68%) ASP.NET MVC
14 44 (9.40%) Web Services
15 43 (9.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 41 (8.76%) Ajax
17 38 (8.12%) REST
18 37 (7.91%) XML
19 35 (7.48%) LESS
20 33 (7.05%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 64 (13.68%) User Experience
2 63 (13.46%) Greenfield Project
3 21 (4.49%) Mobile App
4 20 (4.27%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (1.71%) Fintech
6 7 (1.50%) Computer Science
7 6 (1.28%) Algorithms
7 6 (1.28%) Linux Command Line
7 6 (1.28%) Smartphone
7 6 (1.28%) Web 2.0
8 5 (1.07%) Data Centre
9 3 (0.64%) Augmented Reality
9 3 (0.64%) CCTV
9 3 (0.64%) Client/Server
9 3 (0.64%) iPad
9 3 (0.64%) Mobile Banking
9 3 (0.64%) N-Tier
10 2 (0.43%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.43%) Social Media
10 2 (0.43%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 39 (8.33%) Linux
2 20 (4.27%) Android
3 13 (2.78%) Unix
4 8 (1.71%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.07%) Windows
6 2 (0.43%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.21%) Debian
7 1 (0.21%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (0.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 199 (42.52%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (28.85%) MVC
3 128 (27.35%) Front End Development
4 123 (26.28%) TDD
5 109 (23.29%) Scrum
6 59 (12.61%) Web Development
7 57 (12.18%) Unit Testing
8 54 (11.54%) BDD
9 51 (10.90%) Continuous Integration
10 46 (9.83%) Responsive Web Design
11 43 (9.19%) Kanban
12 42 (8.97%) Test Automation
13 40 (8.55%) OO
14 35 (7.48%) Microservices
15 34 (7.26%) Wireframes
16 32 (6.84%) Continuous Delivery
17 28 (5.98%) Coaching
17 28 (5.98%) Open Source
18 27 (5.77%) Data Modelling
19 26 (5.56%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 376 (80.34%) JavaScript
2 119 (25.43%) C#
3 107 (22.86%) Java
4 83 (17.74%) PHP
5 81 (17.31%) SQL
6 25 (5.34%) Python
7 16 (3.42%) TypeScript
8 12 (2.56%) C++
9 11 (2.35%) C
9 11 (2.35%) ES6
9 11 (2.35%) T-SQL
10 10 (2.14%) Scala
11 9 (1.92%) VB.NET
12 7 (1.50%) Groovy
12 7 (1.50%) Ruby
13 6 (1.28%) VB
14 5 (1.07%) ECMAScript
14 5 (1.07%) Prolog
15 4 (0.85%) VB6
16 3 (0.64%) Perl
Qualifications
1 9 (1.92%) Degree
2 5 (1.07%) OCPJP
3 3 (0.64%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.43%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.43%) HNC
4 2 (0.43%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 2 (0.43%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.21%) CCNP
5 1 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
5 1 (0.21%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.21%) MCPD
5 1 (0.21%) MCSD
5 1 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.21%) OCMJD
5 1 (0.21%) OCPJWCD
5 1 (0.21%) Oracle Certification
5 1 (0.21%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (6.41%) QA
2 3 (0.64%) COBIT
System Software
1 4 (0.85%) Docker
2 3 (0.64%) Active Directory
2 3 (0.64%) UAG
2 3 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 1 (0.21%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 1 (0.21%) Ansible
1 1 (0.21%) Capistrano
1 1 (0.21%) FortiGate
1 1 (0.21%) Nagios
1 1 (0.21%) Opscode Chef
1 1 (0.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
1 1 (0.21%) Plesk
1 1 (0.21%) Puppet
Vendors
1 45 (9.62%) Oracle
2 28 (5.98%) Microsoft
3 27 (5.77%) Adobe
4 16 (3.42%) Sitecore
5 7 (1.50%) Google
6 6 (1.28%) VMware
7 5 (1.07%) PayPal
7 5 (1.07%) Zend
8 4 (0.85%) SOASTA, Inc
8 4 (0.85%) Xamarin
9 3 (0.64%) IBM
9 3 (0.64%) Twitter
10 2 (0.43%) Apigee
10 2 (0.43%) MuleSoft
10 2 (0.43%) Perforce
10 2 (0.43%) SAP
10 2 (0.43%) Telerik
11 1 (0.21%) Kofax
11 1 (0.21%) Kony
11 1 (0.21%) Yahoo!
Liverpool, Merseyside
Oscar
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 4 days ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £300 - £350 per day + + Neg
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Applause IT Innovation
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Greater Manchester
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Altrincham, Cheshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Austin Fraser
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 6 days ago
Greater Manchester
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 6 days ago