Period
to 24 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
24 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 19 11 20
Rank change year-on-year -8 +9 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 391 542 469
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 6.87% 9.98% 7.65%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 21.39% 30.36% 25.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 270 385 355
North West median daily rate £386 £363 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.55% -3.33% +5.63%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £488 £483 £495
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 5 0
North West median hourly rate £30.49 £35.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.89% - -
England median hourly rate £39.25 £43.75 £35.00
% change year-on-year -10.29% +25.00% +9.38%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,828 1,785 1,839
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 32.10% 32.87% 30.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,274 1,231 1,266
North West median daily rate £413 £388 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.45% - -
10th Percentile £307 £281 £275
90th Percentile £565 £538 £525
England median daily rate £495 £475 £425
% change year-on-year +4.21% +11.76% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 31 25
North West median hourly rate £36.23 £37.50 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.40% -3.85% +15.93%
10th Percentile £12.68 £18.00 £17.30
90th Percentile £48.13 £43.00 £55.18
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.75% - +6.67%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 24 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 24 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 24 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -7 231 £400 +10.34% 284
Cheshire +2 73 £375 +7.14% 93
Merseyside -4 40 £400 -5.88% 45
Lancashire -17 33 £338 -10.00% 51
Cumbria - 9 £440 - 2
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 362 (92.58%) HTML
2 300 (76.73%) JavaScript
3 172 (43.99%) Agile Software Development
4 135 (34.53%) .NET
5 131 (33.50%) HTML5
6 116 (29.67%) C#
7 104 (26.60%) AngularJS
8 98 (25.06%) CSS3
9 97 (24.81%) Front End Development
10 92 (23.53%) Java
11 85 (21.74%) React
11 85 (21.74%) Git (software)
12 79 (20.20%) jQuery
13 71 (18.16%) Node.js
14 69 (17.65%) Web Services
15 67 (17.14%) TDD
16 66 (16.88%) User Experience
17 62 (15.86%) Test Automation
17 62 (15.86%) ASP.NET
17 62 (15.86%) MVC
18 60 (15.35%) SQL
18 60 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
19 59 (15.09%) Microsoft
20 57 (14.58%) RESTful
20 57 (14.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
21 56 (14.32%) Web Development
22 55 (14.07%) SQL Server
23 51 (13.04%) XML
24 49 (12.53%) PHP
24 49 (12.53%) Sass

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (4.35%) WordPress
2 15 (3.84%) Confluence
3 13 (3.32%) CMS
4 9 (2.30%) SharePoint
5 8 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
6 7 (1.79%) Apache
7 6 (1.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 6 (1.53%) Apache Solr
7 6 (1.53%) Drupal
7 6 (1.53%) Mule
8 4 (1.02%) WebLogic
9 2 (0.51%) NServiceBus
9 2 (0.51%) Tomcat
9 2 (0.51%) WebSphere
10 1 (0.26%) Commerce Server
10 1 (0.26%) Joomla!
10 1 (0.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 1 (0.26%) Umbraco
Applications
1 14 (3.58%) Photoshop
2 10 (2.56%) Adobe Illustrator
3 4 (1.02%) Microsoft Office
3 4 (1.02%) MS Visio
3 4 (1.02%) OmniGraffle
3 4 (1.02%) UXPin
4 3 (0.77%) InVision
5 2 (0.51%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 2 (0.51%) Fireworks
5 2 (0.51%) InDesign
6 1 (0.26%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.26%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.26%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.26%) CATIA
6 1 (0.26%) GIMP
6 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 37 (9.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (2.81%) Magento
3 1 (0.26%) Primavera
3 1 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
3 1 (0.26%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 40 (10.23%) Microsoft Azure
2 35 (8.95%) Amazon AWS
3 20 (5.12%) Dynamics 365
4 18 (4.60%) GitHub
5 8 (2.05%) Google Analytics
6 6 (1.53%) Apigee
6 6 (1.53%) npm
7 4 (1.02%) Adobe Analytics
8 3 (0.77%) Amazon EC2
8 3 (0.77%) BrowserStack
9 2 (0.51%) Amazon S3
9 2 (0.51%) Office 365
9 2 (0.51%) SaaS
9 2 (0.51%) Yarn
10 1 (0.26%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.26%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.26%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 11 (2.81%) Internet
2 1 (0.26%) HTTP
2 1 (0.26%) Intranet
2 1 (0.26%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (14.07%) SQL Server
2 29 (7.42%) MySQL
3 18 (4.60%) RavenDB
4 14 (3.58%) MongoDB
5 13 (3.32%) Relational Database
6 10 (2.56%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (2.30%) RDBMS
8 8 (2.05%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 4 (1.02%) Oracle Database
9 4 (1.02%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 3 (0.77%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.77%) ZAP BI
11 2 (0.51%) Amazon Aurora
11 2 (0.51%) Amazon RDS
11 2 (0.51%) Azure SQL Database
11 2 (0.51%) MariaDB
11 2 (0.51%) QlikView
11 2 (0.51%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 1 (0.26%) DB2
12 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 85 (21.74%) Git (software)
2 34 (8.70%) Visual Studio
3 33 (8.44%) Jenkins
4 27 (6.91%) JIRA
5 18 (4.60%) Axure RP
5 18 (4.60%) Maven
6 16 (4.09%) Gradle
6 16 (4.09%) Selenium
7 13 (3.32%) gulp
7 13 (3.32%) JMeter
7 13 (3.32%) Mercurial
8 11 (2.81%) Karma Test Runner
9 9 (2.30%) Cucumber
9 9 (2.30%) Eclipse
9 9 (2.30%) Grunt
9 9 (2.30%) Protractor
10 8 (2.05%) JUnit
11 7 (1.79%) Bitbucket
11 7 (1.79%) Mocha
11 7 (1.79%) SoapUI
General
1 23 (5.88%) Finance
2 12 (3.07%) Retail
3 11 (2.81%) Games
4 6 (1.53%) Banking
4 6 (1.53%) Marketing
5 4 (1.02%) Legal
6 3 (0.77%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.51%) Billing
7 2 (0.51%) Publishing
7 2 (0.51%) Telecoms
8 1 (0.26%) Advertising
8 1 (0.26%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.26%) Law
8 1 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 311 (79.54%) Developer
2 55 (14.07%) .NET Developer
3 54 (13.81%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 45 (11.51%) JavaScript Developer
5 34 (8.70%) React Developer
6 30 (7.67%) Java Developer
7 29 (7.42%) Full Stack Developer
8 26 (6.65%) C# Developer
8 26 (6.65%) PHP Developer
9 23 (5.88%) C# .NET Developer
10 22 (5.63%) Senior Developer
11 20 (5.12%) Designer
12 19 (4.86%) Angular Developer
13 17 (4.35%) HTML Developer
14 16 (4.09%) HTML CSS Developer
14 16 (4.09%) Web Developer
15 14 (3.58%) CRM Developer
15 14 (3.58%) Tester
15 14 (3.58%) UI Developer
16 13 (3.32%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 362 (92.58%) HTML
2 135 (34.53%) .NET
3 131 (33.50%) HTML5
4 104 (26.60%) AngularJS
5 98 (25.06%) CSS3
6 85 (21.74%) React
7 79 (20.20%) jQuery
8 71 (18.16%) Node.js
9 69 (17.65%) Web Services
10 62 (15.86%) ASP.NET
11 57 (14.58%) RESTful
11 57 (14.58%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 51 (13.04%) XML
13 49 (12.53%) Sass
14 35 (8.95%) .NET Framework
15 31 (7.93%) REST
16 29 (7.42%) SOAP
17 23 (5.88%) Spring
18 22 (5.63%) ASP.NET Core
18 22 (5.63%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 66 (16.88%) User Experience
2 21 (5.37%) Analytical Skills
3 15 (3.84%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (3.58%) NHS
5 13 (3.32%) Semantic Web
6 9 (2.30%) Mobile App
7 7 (1.79%) RIA
8 4 (1.02%) Fintech
8 4 (1.02%) Graphic Design
9 2 (0.51%) e-Learning
9 2 (0.51%) Learning Management System
10 1 (0.26%) Algorithms
10 1 (0.26%) Data Structures
10 1 (0.26%) Digital Media
10 1 (0.26%) FMCG
10 1 (0.26%) Mobile Banking
10 1 (0.26%) Self-Motivation
10 1 (0.26%) Video on Demand
10 1 (0.26%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.26%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 15 (3.84%) Android
2 14 (3.58%) Linux
3 4 (1.02%) Apple iOS
3 4 (1.02%) Unix
3 4 (1.02%) Windows
4 2 (0.51%) Oracle Linux
5 1 (0.26%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 172 (43.99%) Agile Software Development
2 97 (24.81%) Front End Development
3 67 (17.14%) TDD
4 62 (15.86%) MVC
4 62 (15.86%) Test Automation
5 60 (15.35%) Continuous Integration
6 56 (14.32%) Web Development
7 44 (11.25%) Scrum
8 42 (10.74%) CRM
9 32 (8.18%) Unit Testing
10 29 (7.42%) OO
11 25 (6.39%) Software Engineering
12 24 (6.14%) Problem-Solving
12 24 (6.14%) Workflow
13 23 (5.88%) BDD
13 23 (5.88%) Case Management
14 22 (5.63%) E-Commerce
15 19 (4.86%) Collaborative Working
15 19 (4.86%) Data Modelling
15 19 (4.86%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 300 (76.73%) JavaScript
2 116 (29.67%) C#
3 92 (23.53%) Java
4 60 (15.35%) SQL
5 49 (12.53%) PHP
6 24 (6.14%) Python
7 21 (5.37%) ES6
8 20 (5.12%) Ruby
9 18 (4.60%) TypeScript
10 17 (4.35%) C
11 16 (4.09%) Scala
12 15 (3.84%) C++
13 9 (2.30%) PL/SQL
14 8 (2.05%) T-SQL
15 7 (1.79%) Java 8
16 6 (1.53%) R
16 6 (1.53%) VB.NET
17 3 (0.77%) VB
17 3 (0.77%) VB6
18 2 (0.51%) Go
Qualifications
1 19 (4.86%) Degree
2 13 (3.32%) Security Cleared
3 12 (3.07%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (2.05%) SC Cleared
5 2 (0.51%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.26%) APMP
6 1 (0.26%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.26%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.35%) QA
2 8 (2.05%) WAI
3 1 (0.26%) GDPR
System Software
1 2 (0.51%) Docker
1 2 (0.51%) Shibboleth
2 1 (0.26%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 7 (1.79%) Kibana
1 7 (1.79%) logstash
2 1 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 59 (15.09%) Microsoft
2 19 (4.86%) Adobe
2 19 (4.86%) Oracle
3 18 (4.60%) Google
4 13 (3.32%) SAP
5 9 (2.30%) Zend
6 4 (1.02%) Red Hat
6 4 (1.02%) Tealium
7 3 (0.77%) hybris
7 3 (0.77%) Telerik
8 2 (0.51%) Xamarin
9 1 (0.26%) Apple
9 1 (0.26%) Ensighten
9 1 (0.26%) Facebook
9 1 (0.26%) Optimizely
9 1 (0.26%) SmartCo
9 1 (0.26%) Twitter
9 1 (0.26%) WooCommerce