Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 10 22 24
Rank change year-on-year +12 +2 -8
Contract jobs citing CSS 509 490 529
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 8.95% 7.11% 6.17%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 28.40% 25.43% 26.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 377 374 362
North West median daily rate £363 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.33% +7.14% +7.69%
10th Percentile £266 £250 £263
90th Percentile £475 £484 £500
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 10
North West median hourly rate £37.50 - £40.50
10th Percentile £19.10 - £23.60
90th Percentile £42.50 - £47.33
England median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £31.76
% change year-on-year +18.06% +13.35% -9.26%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1792 1927 2029
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 31.53% 27.95% 23.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 1218 1350 1268
North West median daily rate £400 £388 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.23% -3.13% +17.99%
10th Percentile £299 £275 £275
90th Percentile £538 £500 £540
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 48 27 66
North West median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +10.29% +0.98%
10th Percentile £18.53 £15.40 £16.16
90th Percentile £50.51 £44.85 £45.67
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester +7 353 £363 -3.33% 78
Merseyside +18 60 £400 - 9
Cheshire -15 59 £375 - 27
Lancashire +10 17 £325 - 11
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 465 (91.36%) HTML
2 400 (78.59%) JavaScript
3 199 (39.10%) HTML5
4 184 (36.15%) Agile Software Development
5 179 (35.17%) CSS3
6 162 (31.83%) Front End Development
7 137 (26.92%) AngularJS
8 123 (24.17%) C#
8 123 (24.17%) .NET
9 122 (23.97%) Git (software)
9 122 (23.97%) jQuery
10 117 (22.99%) TDD
11 113 (22.20%) PHP
12 105 (20.63%) MVC
13 97 (19.06%) Node.js
14 95 (18.66%) React
15 85 (16.70%) Sass
16 75 (14.73%) MySQL
16 75 (14.73%) ASP.NET
17 72 (14.15%) Java
18 71 (13.95%) User Experience
19 69 (13.56%) SQL
19 69 (13.56%) Scrum
20 65 (12.77%) SQL Server
21 64 (12.57%) Web Development
22 60 (11.79%) Unit Testing
23 55 (10.81%) Web Services
24 54 (10.61%) gulp
25 53 (10.41%) Finance
25 53 (10.41%) Test Automation

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 52 (10.22%) CMS
2 38 (7.47%) WordPress
3 30 (5.89%) Drupal
4 23 (4.52%) Umbraco
5 18 (3.54%) Tomcat
6 14 (2.75%) WebSphere
7 12 (2.36%) Confluence
7 12 (2.36%) SharePoint
8 11 (2.16%) Elasticsearch
9 10 (1.96%) Sitecore CMS
10 8 (1.57%) ExpressionEngine
11 6 (1.18%) Apache
11 6 (1.18%) IIS
12 4 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 4 (0.79%) Commerce Server
12 4 (0.79%) NServiceBus
13 3 (0.59%) Apache Solr
13 3 (0.59%) Mongoose
13 3 (0.59%) nginx
13 3 (0.59%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 24 (4.72%) Photoshop
2 22 (4.32%) Adobe Illustrator
3 7 (1.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 5 (0.98%) OmniGraffle
5 4 (0.79%) LaTeX
6 3 (0.59%) Camtasia
6 3 (0.59%) Fireworks
6 3 (0.59%) InVision
6 3 (0.59%) UXPin
7 1 (0.20%) Adobe After Effects
7 1 (0.20%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 43 (8.45%) Magento
2 6 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
3 4 (0.79%) Dynamics NAV
4 1 (0.20%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 1 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 21 (4.13%) npm
2 18 (3.54%) GitHub
3 14 (2.75%) Amazon AWS
4 8 (1.57%) Microsoft Azure
5 7 (1.38%) SaaS
6 5 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
6 5 (0.98%) Office 365
7 4 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
7 4 (0.79%) Serverless
8 3 (0.59%) Adobe Creative Cloud
8 3 (0.59%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 2 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
9 2 (0.39%) Azure Active Directory
9 2 (0.39%) OneDrive
9 2 (0.39%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 2 (0.39%) Yammer
10 1 (0.20%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.20%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.20%) Firebase
10 1 (0.20%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 7 (1.38%) SMS
2 6 (1.18%) Internet
3 5 (0.98%) DNS
4 4 (0.79%) HTTP
5 3 (0.59%) TCP/IP
6 2 (0.39%) Intranet
7 1 (0.20%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.20%) CTI
7 1 (0.20%) Firewall
7 1 (0.20%) NFC
7 1 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
7 1 (0.20%) Skype
7 1 (0.20%) SSL
7 1 (0.20%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 75 (14.73%) MySQL
2 65 (12.77%) SQL Server
3 27 (5.30%) MongoDB
4 20 (3.93%) NoSQL
5 13 (2.55%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 10 (1.96%) DB2
6 10 (1.96%) Relational Database
7 7 (1.38%) Oracle Database
7 7 (1.38%) SQL Server 2014
7 7 (1.38%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 4 (0.79%) RDBMS
8 4 (0.79%) SQL Server 2005
8 4 (0.79%) SQL Server 2008
8 4 (0.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 3 (0.59%) PostgreSQL
10 2 (0.39%) MariaDB
10 2 (0.39%) SQL Server 2012
10 2 (0.39%) SQL Server 2016
11 1 (0.20%) Big Data
11 1 (0.20%) Redis
Development Applications
1 122 (23.97%) Git (software)
2 54 (10.61%) gulp
3 40 (7.86%) Grunt
4 37 (7.27%) Jenkins
5 24 (4.72%) JIRA
6 18 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
7 16 (3.14%) Mocha
7 16 (3.14%) webpack
8 13 (2.55%) SonarQube
9 12 (2.36%) Jasmine
10 11 (2.16%) Axure RP
10 11 (2.16%) Cucumber
10 11 (2.16%) Visual Studio
11 9 (1.77%) Gradle
11 9 (1.77%) Karma Test Runner
12 7 (1.38%) Maven
12 7 (1.38%) Selenium
13 6 (1.18%) Babel
14 5 (0.98%) GitLab
14 5 (0.98%) NUnit
General
1 53 (10.41%) Finance
2 33 (6.48%) Retail
3 14 (2.75%) Banking
4 10 (1.96%) Marketing
5 8 (1.57%) Games
6 4 (0.79%) Manufacturing
6 4 (0.79%) Pharmaceutical
7 3 (0.59%) Financial Institution
7 3 (0.59%) Interactive Media
7 3 (0.59%) Multimedia
8 2 (0.39%) Law
9 1 (0.20%) Advertising
9 1 (0.20%) Back Office
9 1 (0.20%) Legal
9 1 (0.20%) Publishing
9 1 (0.20%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 433 (85.07%) Developer
2 138 (27.11%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 81 (15.91%) JavaScript Developer
4 51 (10.02%) .NET Developer
4 51 (10.02%) PHP Developer
5 43 (8.45%) HTML Developer
6 39 (7.66%) Magento Developer
7 35 (6.88%) HTML CSS Developer
8 34 (6.68%) Web Developer
9 31 (6.09%) C# Developer
10 28 (5.50%) Java Developer
11 27 (5.30%) C# .NET Developer
11 27 (5.30%) Senior Developer
12 26 (5.11%) Angular Developer
13 24 (4.72%) Designer
14 20 (3.93%) Full Stack Developer
15 19 (3.73%) Node.js Developer
16 18 (3.54%) UI Developer
17 17 (3.34%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 15 (2.95%) Drupal Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 465 (91.36%) HTML
2 199 (39.10%) HTML5
3 179 (35.17%) CSS3
4 137 (26.92%) AngularJS
5 123 (24.17%) .NET
6 122 (23.97%) jQuery
7 97 (19.06%) Node.js
8 95 (18.66%) React
9 85 (16.70%) Sass
10 75 (14.73%) ASP.NET
11 55 (10.81%) Web Services
12 51 (10.02%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 42 (8.25%) JSON
14 36 (7.07%) ASP.NET Web API
15 34 (6.68%) REST
16 32 (6.29%) ASP.NET MVC
17 31 (6.09%) .NET Framework
18 30 (5.89%) Angular 2
18 30 (5.89%) Laravel
19 29 (5.70%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 71 (13.95%) User Experience
2 51 (10.02%) Greenfield Project
3 32 (6.29%) Mobile App
4 22 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
5 9 (1.77%) Computer Science
6 5 (0.98%) Graphic Design
6 5 (0.98%) Interactive TV
6 5 (0.98%) Social Media
6 5 (0.98%) W3C
7 4 (0.79%) Digital Media
7 4 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
7 4 (0.79%) NHS
7 4 (0.79%) Video on Demand
7 4 (0.79%) Web 2.0
8 3 (0.59%) e-Learning
8 3 (0.59%) Fintech
8 3 (0.59%) Mobile Banking
8 3 (0.59%) N-Tier
8 3 (0.59%) Smartphone
9 2 (0.39%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 27 (5.30%) Android
2 22 (4.32%) Linux
3 13 (2.55%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.96%) Unix
5 8 (1.57%) Oracle Linux
5 8 (1.57%) Windows
6 1 (0.20%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.20%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 184 (36.15%) Agile Software Development
2 162 (31.83%) Front End Development
3 117 (22.99%) TDD
4 105 (20.63%) MVC
5 69 (13.56%) Scrum
6 64 (12.57%) Web Development
7 60 (11.79%) Unit Testing
8 53 (10.41%) Responsive Web Design
8 53 (10.41%) Test Automation
9 38 (7.47%) Continuous Integration
10 37 (7.27%) BDD
10 37 (7.27%) E-Commerce
11 36 (7.07%) Kanban
12 31 (6.09%) Web Design
13 29 (5.70%) Software Engineering
14 23 (4.52%) Wireframes
15 16 (3.14%) Project Management
16 15 (2.95%) Android Development
16 15 (2.95%) OO
17 14 (2.75%) Prototyping
Programming Languages
1 400 (78.59%) JavaScript
2 123 (24.17%) C#
3 113 (22.20%) PHP
4 72 (14.15%) Java
5 69 (13.56%) SQL
6 26 (5.11%) TypeScript
7 18 (3.54%) ES6
8 15 (2.95%) C++
9 14 (2.75%) T-SQL
10 10 (1.96%) C
11 9 (1.77%) Python
12 8 (1.57%) Ruby
13 7 (1.38%) ECMAScript
13 7 (1.38%) VB.NET
14 5 (0.98%) PowerShell
15 4 (0.79%) Fortran
16 3 (0.59%) XAML
17 2 (0.39%) Perl
17 2 (0.39%) PL/SQL
17 2 (0.39%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 13 (2.55%) Degree
2 6 (1.18%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (0.59%) OCPJP
3 3 (0.59%) Security Cleared
4 2 (0.39%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.20%) CESG Certified Professional
5 1 (0.20%) CISMP
5 1 (0.20%) IISP
5 1 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 14 (2.75%) QA
2 2 (0.39%) COBIT
2 2 (0.39%) Data Quality
System Software
1 13 (2.55%) Docker
2 2 (0.39%) Active Directory
2 2 (0.39%) UAG
3 1 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 1 (0.20%) ISA Server
3 1 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (1.18%) Rancher
2 2 (0.39%) Business Desktop Deployment
3 1 (0.20%) Ansible
3 1 (0.20%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
3 1 (0.20%) Wonderware InTouch
Vendors
1 36 (7.07%) Microsoft
2 23 (4.52%) Oracle
3 19 (3.73%) Adobe
4 15 (2.95%) Zend
5 13 (2.55%) Sitecore
5 13 (2.55%) Xamarin
6 9 (1.77%) DevExpress
7 8 (1.57%) Perforce
8 3 (0.59%) Capita
8 3 (0.59%) ServiceNow
9 2 (0.39%) Atlassian
9 2 (0.39%) Google
9 2 (0.39%) hybris
9 2 (0.39%) IBM
9 2 (0.39%) Kony
9 2 (0.39%) Telerik
10 1 (0.20%) BEA
10 1 (0.20%) Cisco
10 1 (0.20%) Citrix
10 1 (0.20%) Red Hat