Period
to 24 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > North West
6 months to
24 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 15 21
Rank change year-on-year +2 +6 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 517 498 505
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 8.78% 8.66% 6.91%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.07% 27.45% 26.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 346 371 373
North West median daily rate £375 £363 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.45% -3.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £258 £275 £256
90th Percentile £488 £463 £500
England median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 4 3
North West median hourly rate £15.00 £24.75 £20.78
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -39.39% +19.10% -48.05%
10th Percentile £11.76 £10.08 £19.20
90th Percentile £35.50 £42.00 £32.96
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +23.08% +3.14%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the North West with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
North West
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 2,062 1,814 1,929
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the North West 35.03% 31.56% 26.38%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,399 1,222 1,342
North West median daily rate £400 £398 £385
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.63% +3.25% -3.75%
10th Percentile £300 £296 £275
90th Percentile £550 £500 £512
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 55 40
North West median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% +21.21% -5.71%
10th Percentile £11.96 £18.30 £18.47
90th Percentile £63.10 £50.00 £44.78
England median hourly rate £42.13 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.31% +9.59% -1.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the North West

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the North West.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the North West

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the North West

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the North West.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the North West

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the North West over the 6 months to 24 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the North West

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the North West

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the North West region over the 6 months to 24 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Manchester -3 345 £375 +6.38% 257
Cheshire +5 77 £365 -2.78% 75
Lancashire +30 58 £439 +37.03% 37
Merseyside -15 21 £400 - 24
Cumbria - 10 £325 - 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the North West region with a requirement for CSS.

1 475 (91.88%) HTML
2 403 (77.95%) JavaScript
3 232 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
4 174 (33.66%) HTML5
4 174 (33.66%) AngularJS
5 147 (28.43%) jQuery
6 132 (25.53%) Front End Development
7 121 (23.40%) CSS3
8 119 (23.02%) C#
9 118 (22.82%) .NET
10 107 (20.70%) Git (software)
11 106 (20.50%) React
12 104 (20.12%) Java
12 104 (20.12%) TDD
13 99 (19.15%) MVC
14 96 (18.57%) SQL
15 85 (16.44%) Node.js
16 83 (16.05%) User Experience
17 78 (15.09%) Scrum
18 69 (13.35%) SQL Server
19 65 (12.57%) ASP.NET
20 62 (11.99%) PHP
21 59 (11.41%) Web Services
22 53 (10.25%) Sass
23 52 (10.06%) RESTful
24 50 (9.67%) Continuous Integration
24 50 (9.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
24 50 (9.67%) MySQL
25 49 (9.48%) XML
26 48 (9.28%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the North West by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (4.06%) WordPress
2 18 (3.48%) Confluence
3 17 (3.29%) CMS
4 12 (2.32%) SharePoint
4 12 (2.32%) Tomcat
5 9 (1.74%) WebSphere
6 8 (1.55%) Drupal
7 6 (1.16%) Apache
8 5 (0.97%) Commerce Server
9 3 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.58%) nginx
9 3 (0.58%) SharePoint 2013
9 3 (0.58%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.58%) Umbraco
10 2 (0.39%) Apache Solr
10 2 (0.39%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.39%) Mule
11 1 (0.19%) Cloud Foundry
11 1 (0.19%) Liferay
11 1 (0.19%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 17 (3.29%) Adobe Illustrator
2 16 (3.09%) Photoshop
3 6 (1.16%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 6 (1.16%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.77%) Fireworks
4 4 (0.77%) MS Visio
4 4 (0.77%) OmniGraffle
4 4 (0.77%) UXPin
5 3 (0.58%) InVision
6 1 (0.19%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.19%) Adobe After Effects
6 1 (0.19%) Adobe Premiere
6 1 (0.19%) InDesign
6 1 (0.19%) Microsoft Excel
6 1 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 12 (2.32%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (2.13%) Magento
3 1 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
3 1 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 32 (6.19%) Microsoft Azure
2 31 (6.00%) Amazon AWS
3 12 (2.32%) GitHub
4 10 (1.93%) npm
5 9 (1.74%) Google Analytics
6 7 (1.35%) SaaS
7 5 (0.97%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 5 (0.97%) Yarn
8 3 (0.58%) Adobe Analytics
8 3 (0.58%) BrowserStack
8 3 (0.58%) Dynamics 365
9 2 (0.39%) Office 365
10 1 (0.19%) Amazon S3
10 1 (0.19%) Azure Active Directory
10 1 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
10 1 (0.19%) Salesforce Service Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 14 (2.71%) Internet
2 6 (1.16%) Broadband
3 3 (0.58%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.39%) AMQP
4 2 (0.39%) HTTP
5 1 (0.19%) Intranet
5 1 (0.19%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 69 (13.35%) SQL Server
2 50 (9.67%) MySQL
3 32 (6.19%) MongoDB
4 24 (4.64%) Relational Database
5 15 (2.90%) NoSQL
6 14 (2.71%) PostgreSQL
6 14 (2.71%) RavenDB
7 9 (1.74%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.16%) Neo4j
9 5 (0.97%) CouchDB
10 4 (0.77%) DB2
10 4 (0.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 3 (0.58%) Big Data
11 3 (0.58%) Redis
11 3 (0.58%) SQL Server 2008
11 3 (0.58%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 3 (0.58%) ZAP BI
12 2 (0.39%) Amazon Redshift
12 2 (0.39%) MariaDB
12 2 (0.39%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 107 (20.70%) Git (software)
2 42 (8.12%) JIRA
3 34 (6.58%) Jenkins
4 31 (6.00%) Karma Test Runner
5 30 (5.80%) Axure RP
5 30 (5.80%) Grunt
5 30 (5.80%) gulp
6 20 (3.87%) Selenium
7 18 (3.48%) Bitbucket
8 16 (3.09%) Jasmine
9 15 (2.90%) Cucumber
10 14 (2.71%) Visual Studio
11 13 (2.51%) webpack
12 11 (2.13%) JUnit
12 11 (2.13%) Maven
13 10 (1.93%) Gradle
13 10 (1.93%) Mercurial
13 10 (1.93%) Protractor
14 8 (1.55%) Mocha
14 8 (1.55%) SoapUI
General
1 36 (6.96%) Finance
2 29 (5.61%) Retail
3 16 (3.09%) Marketing
4 11 (2.13%) Telecoms
5 7 (1.35%) Interactive Media
5 7 (1.35%) Legal
6 6 (1.16%) Electronics
6 6 (1.16%) Games
6 6 (1.16%) Local Government
7 5 (0.97%) Back Office
8 4 (0.77%) Manufacturing
9 3 (0.58%) Banking
10 2 (0.39%) Multimedia
10 2 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.19%) Billing
11 1 (0.19%) Law
Job Titles
1 424 (82.01%) Developer
2 97 (18.76%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 72 (13.93%) JavaScript Developer
4 68 (13.15%) .NET Developer
5 35 (6.77%) Full Stack Developer
5 35 (6.77%) HTML Developer
5 35 (6.77%) React Developer
6 34 (6.58%) Designer
7 32 (6.19%) C# Developer
7 32 (6.19%) HTML CSS Developer
8 31 (6.00%) Java Developer
9 30 (5.80%) UI Developer
10 25 (4.84%) PHP Developer
11 23 (4.45%) Angular Developer
12 20 (3.87%) C# .NET Developer
13 18 (3.48%) UX Designer
14 17 (3.29%) Senior Developer
15 15 (2.90%) ASP.NET Developer
16 13 (2.51%) Python Developer
17 12 (2.32%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 475 (91.88%) HTML
2 174 (33.66%) AngularJS
2 174 (33.66%) HTML5
3 147 (28.43%) jQuery
4 121 (23.40%) CSS3
5 118 (22.82%) .NET
6 106 (20.50%) React
7 85 (16.44%) Node.js
8 65 (12.57%) ASP.NET
9 59 (11.41%) Web Services
10 53 (10.25%) Sass
11 52 (10.06%) RESTful
12 50 (9.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 49 (9.48%) XML
14 47 (9.09%) Ajax
14 47 (9.09%) REST
15 41 (7.93%) JSON
16 37 (7.16%) LESS
17 33 (6.38%) Spring
18 31 (6.00%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 83 (16.05%) User Experience
2 27 (5.22%) Mobile App
3 22 (4.26%) Greenfield Project
4 20 (3.87%) Analytical Skills
5 13 (2.51%) Computer Science
6 10 (1.93%) Algorithms
7 8 (1.55%) Semantic Web
8 5 (0.97%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.77%) 3D Graphics
9 4 (0.77%) Graphic Design
9 4 (0.77%) NHS
9 4 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (0.77%) Social Media
10 3 (0.58%) CESG
10 3 (0.58%) Linux Command Line
10 3 (0.58%) Raspberry Pi
10 3 (0.58%) Taxonomies
11 2 (0.39%) Animation
11 2 (0.39%) Data Structures
11 2 (0.39%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 25 (4.84%) Android
2 19 (3.68%) Linux
3 18 (3.48%) Apple iOS
4 10 (1.93%) Windows
5 7 (1.35%) Unix
6 5 (0.97%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 232 (44.87%) Agile Software Development
2 132 (25.53%) Front End Development
3 104 (20.12%) TDD
4 99 (19.15%) MVC
5 78 (15.09%) Scrum
6 50 (9.67%) Continuous Integration
7 48 (9.28%) Responsive Web Design
8 45 (8.70%) Unit Testing
8 45 (8.70%) Web Development
9 41 (7.93%) Test Automation
10 37 (7.16%) BDD
11 36 (6.96%) Web Design
12 32 (6.19%) E-Commerce
13 30 (5.80%) Software Engineering
14 29 (5.61%) OOP
15 28 (5.42%) OO
16 26 (5.03%) SDLC
17 25 (4.84%) Prototyping
18 24 (4.64%) Analytics
19 22 (4.26%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 403 (77.95%) JavaScript
2 119 (23.02%) C#
3 104 (20.12%) Java
4 96 (18.57%) SQL
5 62 (11.99%) PHP
6 27 (5.22%) Python
7 18 (3.48%) TypeScript
8 13 (2.51%) C++
9 10 (1.93%) Ruby
10 9 (1.74%) C
11 8 (1.55%) Java 8
12 7 (1.35%) ES6
12 7 (1.35%) T-SQL
13 6 (1.16%) Groovy
13 6 (1.16%) Objective-C
13 6 (1.16%) PHP 7
14 5 (0.97%) Apex Code
15 3 (0.58%) PL/SQL
15 3 (0.58%) R
15 3 (0.58%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 31 (6.00%) Degree
2 18 (3.48%) Security Cleared
3 10 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
4 8 (1.55%) SC Cleared
5 4 (0.77%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (0.58%) CESG Certified Professional
6 3 (0.58%) IISP
7 1 (0.19%) CISMP
7 1 (0.19%) DBS Check
7 1 (0.19%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
7 1 (0.19%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (1.16%) WAI
2 5 (0.97%) QA
3 1 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 11 (2.13%) Docker
2 1 (0.19%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 3 (0.58%) Kubernetes
1 3 (0.58%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
2 2 (0.39%) Kibana
2 2 (0.39%) logstash
2 2 (0.39%) Puppet
3 1 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
3 1 (0.19%) Plesk
Vendors
1 41 (7.93%) Microsoft
2 28 (5.42%) Oracle
3 16 (3.09%) Adobe
3 16 (3.09%) SAP
4 13 (2.51%) Google
5 8 (1.55%) ServiceNow
6 5 (0.97%) hybris
6 5 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
7 4 (0.77%) Sitecore
7 4 (0.77%) Zend
8 3 (0.58%) Tealium
8 3 (0.58%) Twitter
8 3 (0.58%) WooCommerce
8 3 (0.58%) Xamarin
9 2 (0.39%) Apigee
9 2 (0.39%) DevExpress
9 2 (0.39%) SmartCo
9 2 (0.39%) Telerik
10 1 (0.19%) Apple
10 1 (0.19%) Cypress Semiconductor