The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK / England
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 133 132 130
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2  
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 833 941 902
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.94% 1.90% 1.76%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.28% 2.27% 2.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 579 671 589
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £320 £320 £297
10% offered a daily rate of more than £580 £574 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 5 2
Median hourly rate £42.50 £47.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.52% +11.76%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.50 £43.00 £40.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.80 £57.50 £44.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.88 £43.00 £37.40
% change year-on-year -0.29% +14.97%  

Unit Testing is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 36460 41364 41331
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 84.71% 83.50% 80.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 23944 27759 26979
Median daily rate £450 £446 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.84% +7.53%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £593
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.89%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 956 965 1150
Median hourly rate £32.00 £27.25 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.43% +4.80%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £12.50 £12.55 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £47.83 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.50 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +17.54% -5.00%  

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 432 £493 +3.68% 116
South East +14 137 £450 +28.57% 73
North West +31 68 £375 -10.71% 35
South West +19 50 £350 -3.44% 21
Yorkshire -32 43 £375 -6.25% 12
West Midlands +30 32 £338 -3.57% 21
East of England -12 25 £405 -5.81% 21
East Midlands -19 25 £315 -3.07% 15
North East +21 11 £300 -9.09% 7
Midlands -2 1 £450 - 37
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 841 (52.69%) Agile Software Development
2 608 (38.10%) Java
3 577 (36.15%) JavaScript
4 557 (34.90%) TDD
5 493 (30.89%) C#
6 476 (29.82%) SQL
7 471 (29.51%) .NET
8 422 (26.44%) HTML
9 419 (26.25%) CSS
10 400 (25.06%) Test Automation
11 378 (23.68%) Scrum
12 362 (22.68%) Git (software)
13 348 (21.80%) MVC
14 346 (21.68%) Web Services
15 343 (21.49%) Continuous Integration
16 284 (17.79%) Spring
17 283 (17.73%) SQL Server
18 268 (16.79%) Finance
19 254 (15.91%) HTML5
20 252 (15.79%) AngularJS
21 250 (15.66%) RESTful
22 249 (15.60%) REST
23 245 (15.35%) ASP.NET
24 243 (15.23%) OO
24 243 (15.23%) Jenkins
25 232 (14.54%) BDD
26 220 (13.78%) Software Engineering
27 204 (12.78%) jQuery
28 197 (12.34%) QA
28 197 (12.34%) JUnit

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 73 (4.57%) JBoss
2 66 (4.14%) Confluence
2 66 (4.14%) WebSphere
3 57 (3.57%) Apache
4 56 (3.51%) Tomcat
5 50 (3.13%) SharePoint
6 48 (3.01%) CMS
7 44 (2.76%) WebSphere Application Server
8 29 (1.82%) WebLogic
9 26 (1.63%) NServiceBus
9 26 (1.63%) WebSphere Process Server
10 23 (1.44%) Apache Spark
11 21 (1.32%) Elasticsearch
12 19 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 17 (1.07%) IIS
14 15 (0.94%) Drupal
15 13 (0.81%) Mule
16 9 (0.56%) Umbraco
17 8 (0.50%) Apache Solr
17 8 (0.50%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 35 (2.19%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (0.88%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (0.88%) Photoshop
3 11 (0.69%) Spreadsheet
4 9 (0.56%) Adobe Illustrator
4 9 (0.56%) MS Visio
5 5 (0.31%) LaTeX
5 5 (0.31%) OmniGraffle
6 4 (0.25%) InVision
7 2 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 1 (0.063%) Microsoft Project
8 1 (0.063%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 20 (1.25%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.69%) Endur
2 11 (0.69%) Magento
3 10 (0.63%) Dynamics AX
4 9 (0.56%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.38%) SAP ERP
5 6 (0.38%) SDL Web 8
6 5 (0.31%) SAP EHS
7 4 (0.25%) Oracle Retail
8 3 (0.19%) ION MarketView
8 3 (0.19%) Oracle BPM
8 3 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
8 3 (0.19%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.19%) SAP BPC
8 3 (0.19%) SunGard Martini
9 2 (0.13%) FastStats
9 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
9 2 (0.13%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 120 (7.52%) Amazon AWS
2 92 (5.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 56 (3.51%) GitHub
4 23 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
5 15 (0.94%) SaaS
6 13 (0.81%) Office 365
7 10 (0.63%) PaaS
8 9 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
8 9 (0.56%) AWS Lambda
9 8 (0.50%) Amazon S3
9 8 (0.50%) Google Cloud Platform
10 7 (0.44%) Amazon SQS
10 7 (0.44%) CloudFront
11 6 (0.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (0.38%) Amazon ElastiCache
12 4 (0.25%) Google Analytics
12 4 (0.25%) Oracle CX
12 4 (0.25%) Oracle Service Cloud
12 4 (0.25%) TestFlight
13 3 (0.19%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 56 (3.51%) HTTP
2 36 (2.26%) Internet
3 15 (0.94%) TCP/IP
4 9 (0.56%) FTP
4 9 (0.56%) LDAP
4 9 (0.56%) SSL
5 8 (0.50%) DNS
6 6 (0.38%) BIG-IP
6 6 (0.38%) Intranet
7 5 (0.31%) Bluetooth
7 5 (0.31%) ZigBee
8 4 (0.25%) ICMP
8 4 (0.25%) Wireless
9 2 (0.13%) Firewall
9 2 (0.13%) SMS
9 2 (0.13%) WAN
10 1 (0.063%) CTI
10 1 (0.063%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.063%) Extranet
10 1 (0.063%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 283 (17.73%) SQL Server
2 92 (5.76%) MongoDB
2 92 (5.76%) Relational Database
3 75 (4.70%) MySQL
4 70 (4.39%) NoSQL
5 60 (3.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 57 (3.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 51 (3.20%) Hadoop
8 48 (3.01%) Big Data
9 45 (2.82%) Data Warehouse
10 44 (2.76%) Oracle Database
11 41 (2.57%) PostgreSQL
12 40 (2.51%) SQL Server 2012
13 34 (2.13%) RDBMS
14 31 (1.94%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 27 (1.69%) SQL Server 2008
16 22 (1.38%) Apache Hive
17 21 (1.32%) Oracle Database 11g
17 21 (1.32%) Redis
18 19 (1.19%) DB2
Development Applications
1 362 (22.68%) Git (software)
2 243 (15.23%) Jenkins
3 197 (12.34%) JUnit
4 161 (10.09%) JIRA
5 151 (9.46%) Maven
6 127 (7.96%) Selenium
7 126 (7.89%) Mockito
8 114 (7.14%) Team Foundation Server
9 106 (6.64%) Cucumber
10 84 (5.26%) gulp
11 80 (5.01%) Subversion
12 79 (4.95%) Visual Studio
13 77 (4.82%) Gradle
13 77 (4.82%) NUnit
14 73 (4.57%) Eclipse
14 73 (4.57%) Jasmine
15 63 (3.95%) TeamCity
16 60 (3.76%) IntelliJ
16 60 (3.76%) Moq
17 59 (3.70%) Grunt
General
1 268 (16.79%) Finance
2 158 (9.90%) Banking
3 67 (4.20%) Retail
4 53 (3.32%) Front Office
5 38 (2.38%) Investment Banking
6 32 (2.01%) Publishing
7 18 (1.13%) Games
7 18 (1.13%) Manufacturing
8 17 (1.07%) Back Office
9 16 (1.00%) Telecoms
10 15 (0.94%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.94%) Marketing
11 12 (0.75%) Law
12 7 (0.44%) Retail Banking
13 5 (0.31%) Advertising
13 5 (0.31%) Aerospace
13 5 (0.31%) Avionics
13 5 (0.31%) Pharmaceutical
14 4 (0.25%) Billing
15 3 (0.19%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1245 (78.01%) Developer
2 298 (18.67%) Java Developer
3 265 (16.60%) .NET Developer
4 174 (10.90%) C# Developer
4 174 (10.90%) Senior Developer
5 110 (6.89%) JavaScript Developer
6 98 (6.14%) C# .NET Developer
7 93 (5.83%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 90 (5.64%) SQL Developer
9 82 (5.14%) Full Stack Developer
10 73 (4.57%) Consultant
11 57 (3.57%) Angular Developer
12 55 (3.45%) Software Developer
13 53 (3.32%) Agile Developer
14 51 (3.20%) ASP.NET Developer
15 50 (3.13%) Analyst
15 50 (3.13%) Oracle Developer
16 47 (2.94%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
16 47 (2.94%) WPF Developer
17 46 (2.88%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 471 (29.51%) .NET
2 422 (26.44%) HTML
3 419 (26.25%) CSS
4 346 (21.68%) Web Services
5 284 (17.79%) Spring
6 254 (15.91%) HTML5
7 252 (15.79%) AngularJS
8 250 (15.66%) RESTful
9 249 (15.60%) REST
10 245 (15.35%) ASP.NET
11 204 (12.78%) jQuery
12 171 (10.71%) CSS3
13 164 (10.28%) XML
14 155 (9.71%) SOAP
15 143 (8.96%) Hibernate
15 143 (8.96%) Node.js
16 136 (8.52%) ASP.NET Web API
17 134 (8.40%) ASP.NET MVC
18 132 (8.27%) JSON
19 126 (7.89%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 104 (6.52%) User Experience
2 80 (5.01%) Analytical Skills
3 78 (4.89%) Greenfield Project
4 74 (4.64%) Mobile App
5 68 (4.26%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 48 (3.01%) Computer Science
7 36 (2.26%) Data Structures
8 31 (1.94%) Derivative
9 29 (1.82%) Virtual Team
10 28 (1.75%) Client/Server
11 23 (1.44%) Linux Command Line
12 22 (1.38%) Fixed Income
13 21 (1.32%) Enterprise Software
13 21 (1.32%) Management Information System
14 18 (1.13%) Fintech
15 17 (1.07%) Algorithms
15 17 (1.07%) Equities
15 17 (1.07%) RIA
16 16 (1.00%) Hedge funds
17 12 (0.75%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 180 (11.28%) Linux
2 98 (6.14%) Unix
3 76 (4.76%) Android
4 68 (4.26%) Windows
5 59 (3.70%) Apple iOS
6 8 (0.50%) Windows 10
7 7 (0.44%) Windows XP
8 6 (0.38%) Windows Server
9 5 (0.31%) CentOS
9 5 (0.31%) Solaris
10 4 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
11 3 (0.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 3 (0.19%) SUSE
12 2 (0.13%) AIX
12 2 (0.13%) HPUX
12 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X Server
12 2 (0.13%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 2 (0.13%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.063%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 841 (52.69%) Agile Software Development
2 557 (34.90%) TDD
3 400 (25.06%) Test Automation
4 378 (23.68%) Scrum
5 348 (21.80%) MVC
6 343 (21.49%) Continuous Integration
7 243 (15.23%) OO
8 232 (14.54%) BDD
9 220 (13.78%) Software Engineering
10 183 (11.47%) DevOps
11 146 (9.15%) Pair Programming
12 137 (8.58%) Front End Development
13 136 (8.52%) Web Development
14 108 (6.77%) Integration Testing
14 108 (6.77%) Microservices
15 107 (6.70%) SDLC
16 101 (6.33%) E-Commerce
17 100 (6.27%) SOA
18 94 (5.89%) Kanban
19 91 (5.70%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 608 (38.10%) Java
2 577 (36.15%) JavaScript
3 493 (30.89%) C#
4 476 (29.82%) SQL
5 106 (6.64%) Scala
6 100 (6.27%) C++
7 99 (6.20%) Python
8 84 (5.26%) T-SQL
9 68 (4.26%) PHP
10 61 (3.82%) PL/SQL
11 60 (3.76%) VB.NET
12 59 (3.70%) TypeScript
13 50 (3.13%) Shell Script
14 46 (2.88%) Bash Shell
15 44 (2.76%) ES6
16 43 (2.69%) C
17 41 (2.57%) Objective-C
18 36 (2.26%) Groovy
19 31 (1.94%) Apple Swift
20 30 (1.88%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 87 (5.45%) Degree
2 81 (5.08%) Security Cleared
3 51 (3.20%) SC Cleared
4 22 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (0.81%) ISEB
6 12 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.63%) DV Cleared
7 10 (0.63%) Master's Degree
8 8 (0.50%) ISTQB
9 7 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
9 7 (0.44%) Siebel Certification
10 5 (0.31%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 5 (0.31%) Oracle Certification
11 3 (0.19%) CFA
11 3 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
11 3 (0.19%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.19%) Sun Certification
12 2 (0.13%) HND
12 2 (0.13%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 197 (12.34%) QA
2 15 (0.94%) MiFID
3 9 (0.56%) Data Quality
4 6 (0.38%) Def Stans
4 6 (0.38%) DO-178B
4 6 (0.38%) IEC 61508
5 3 (0.19%) WAI
6 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.063%) ARP4754
7 1 (0.063%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.063%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.063%) MISRA
7 1 (0.063%) PMO
7 1 (0.063%) SLA
System Software
1 57 (3.57%) Docker
2 17 (1.07%) Active Directory
3 10 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 7 (0.44%) Varnish
5 5 (0.31%) HDFS
5 5 (0.31%) VMware Infrastructure
6 4 (0.25%) Platform Symphony
7 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
7 3 (0.19%) KVM
7 3 (0.19%) LXC
7 3 (0.19%) RACF
8 2 (0.13%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.063%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.063%) Oracle RAC
9 1 (0.063%) Samba
9 1 (0.063%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 1 (0.063%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 30 (1.88%) Opscode Chef
2 27 (1.69%) Puppet
3 23 (1.44%) Ansible
4 22 (1.38%) Terraform
5 17 (1.07%) Oozie
6 12 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
7 6 (0.38%) Consul
7 6 (0.38%) Control-M
7 6 (0.38%) Prometheus
8 5 (0.31%) Kubernetes
9 4 (0.25%) Oracle Identity Management
9 4 (0.25%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 3 (0.19%) logstash
10 3 (0.19%) Mesos
10 3 (0.19%) SCCM
10 3 (0.19%) TeamSite
10 3 (0.19%) WSUS
10 3 (0.19%) zSecure
11 2 (0.13%) Jamf Pro
11 2 (0.13%) Kibana
Vendors
1 190 (11.90%) Oracle
2 171 (10.71%) Microsoft
3 38 (2.38%) Google
4 37 (2.32%) IBM
5 36 (2.26%) SAP
6 21 (1.32%) Atlassian
7 18 (1.13%) Perforce
8 16 (1.00%) ATG
9 14 (0.88%) ServiceNow
10 13 (0.81%) Infragistics
10 13 (0.81%) Tableau
11 11 (0.69%) Apple
11 11 (0.69%) MuleSoft
11 11 (0.69%) OpenLink
11 11 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
11 11 (0.69%) Siebel
12 10 (0.63%) HP
12 10 (0.63%) Typemock
13 9 (0.56%) Red Hat
13 9 (0.56%) Telerik
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Reed Technology
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Interact Consulting
Rate: From £400 to £425 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £425 - £525 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Roc Search
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Morgan Mckinley
Rate: £450 - £600 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
Haysfm
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
AMS contingency
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Gloucestershire
CPS Group UK
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Robert Walters
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Pioneer Search
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Up to £600 per annum
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Haybrook IT Resourcing Ltd
Rate: Up to £500 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Rate: £Neg (Day Rate)
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Salt
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Knutsford, Cheshire
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: Yesterday
London
IT Talent Solutions
Rate: From £325 to £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Rullion
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Roc Search
Posted: Yesterday
Chester, Cheshire
Icore Tech
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Macclesfield, Cheshire
Source Technology
Rate: From £450 to £600 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
North London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Salt
Rate: £500.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
London
Talent Point Ltd
Rate: £500 - £525 per day + extensions
Posted: 6 days ago