Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 115 136 145
Rank change year-on-year +21 +9 0
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 2,131 1,689 1,796
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.26% 1.91% 1.77%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.63% 2.25% 2.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,504 1,144 1,289
England median daily rate £475 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.76% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £310
90th Percentile £600 £598 £588
UK median daily rate £473 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +11.18% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 39 16
England median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.47% -1.16% +7.50%
10th Percentile £35.06 £31.25 £31.25
90th Percentile £53.98 £61.90 £50.63
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £42.25 £42.50
% change year-on-year +17.16% -0.59% +8.97%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 80,892 75,217 85,792
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.83% 85.14% 84.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 53,797 49,549 57,201
England median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £269
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +0.11% +5.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,242 1,939 2,035
England median hourly rate £22.50 £24.49 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.11% +3.09% +12.71%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.35 £11.72
90th Percentile £50.75 £51.25 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -12.00% +4.17% +11.63%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +34 1,173 £513 +4.06% 258
South East +12 369 £450 +5.88% 104
North of England -43 227 £388 +3.33% 114
South West +23 152 £375 +7.14% 69
Midlands -9 144 £375 +10.70% 62
North West -30 113 £375 - 72
Yorkshire -16 102 £398 +6.00% 35
East Midlands +11 95 £375 +11.11% 25
East of England +28 68 £450 +12.50% 40
West Midlands -39 49 £400 +14.70% 37
North East -32 12 £350 - 7
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,155 (54.20%) Agile Software Development
2 903 (42.37%) JavaScript
3 848 (39.79%) TDD
4 667 (31.30%) C#
5 651 (30.55%) .NET
6 641 (30.08%) Java
7 636 (29.85%) HTML
8 572 (26.84%) CSS
9 545 (25.57%) Git (software)
10 529 (24.82%) Test Automation
11 516 (24.21%) SQL
12 473 (22.20%) BDD
13 465 (21.82%) Scrum
14 457 (21.45%) SQL Server
15 446 (20.93%) Finance
16 436 (20.46%) AngularJS
17 430 (20.18%) Web Services
18 418 (19.62%) Continuous Integration
19 407 (19.10%) MVC
20 393 (18.44%) Jenkins
21 374 (17.55%) React
22 364 (17.08%) RESTful
23 358 (16.80%) HTML5
23 358 (16.80%) Node.js
24 312 (14.64%) CSS3
25 293 (13.75%) REST
26 288 (13.51%) jQuery
26 288 (13.51%) Software Engineering
26 288 (13.51%) OO
27 269 (12.62%) Spring

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 127 (5.96%) Confluence
2 99 (4.65%) Elasticsearch
3 85 (3.99%) Apache
4 67 (3.14%) NServiceBus
5 66 (3.10%) CMS
6 47 (2.21%) Apache Spark
7 39 (1.83%) Tomcat
8 38 (1.78%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 37 (1.74%) IIS
10 24 (1.13%) Mule
10 24 (1.13%) SharePoint
11 22 (1.03%) WebLogic
12 20 (0.94%) Liferay
12 20 (0.94%) WebSphere
13 19 (0.89%) JBoss
14 18 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 14 (0.66%) GemFire
15 14 (0.66%) GlassFish
16 12 (0.56%) Apache Solr
17 11 (0.52%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 24 (1.13%) Microsoft Excel
1 24 (1.13%) Photoshop
2 16 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 10 (0.47%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (0.47%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.42%) Adobe Illustrator
5 8 (0.38%) GIMP
6 7 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
7 3 (0.14%) Acrobat
7 3 (0.14%) SOLIDWORKS
8 2 (0.094%) Fireworks
8 2 (0.094%) Spreadsheet
9 1 (0.047%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 33 (1.55%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.47%) Magento
2 10 (0.47%) Oracle Payables
2 10 (0.47%) Oracle Receivables
3 9 (0.42%) Endur
3 9 (0.42%) Payment Gateway
4 8 (0.38%) Elite 3E
5 6 (0.28%) Oracle EBS R12
6 5 (0.23%) Global One
7 4 (0.19%) ION MarketView
7 4 (0.19%) Markit EDM
7 4 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
7 4 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 4 (0.19%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.19%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.19%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
8 3 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 3 (0.14%) SAP PS
Cloud Services
1 264 (12.39%) Amazon AWS
2 250 (11.73%) Microsoft Azure
3 97 (4.55%) npm
4 78 (3.66%) Serverless
5 73 (3.43%) Cloud Computing
6 36 (1.69%) GitHub
7 32 (1.50%) AWS Lambda
8 22 (1.03%) Dynamics 365
8 22 (1.03%) SaaS
9 21 (0.99%) Google Cloud Platform
10 20 (0.94%) NuGet
11 19 (0.89%) PaaS
11 19 (0.89%) Yarn
12 18 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
13 15 (0.70%) Amazon S3
13 15 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (0.61%) OpenShift
15 12 (0.56%) Amazon Kinesis
16 7 (0.33%) CloudFront
17 6 (0.28%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 138 (6.48%) HTTP
2 52 (2.44%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.55%) Internet
4 28 (1.31%) FTP
5 14 (0.66%) SSL
6 11 (0.52%) DMARC
7 10 (0.47%) SMS
8 8 (0.38%) DKIM
9 7 (0.33%) BGP
9 7 (0.33%) OSPF
10 6 (0.28%) DNS
10 6 (0.28%) VLAN
11 5 (0.23%) HTTPS
11 5 (0.23%) Wi-Fi
12 4 (0.19%) AMQP
12 4 (0.19%) DHCP
12 4 (0.19%) FIX Connectivity
12 4 (0.19%) Kerberos
13 3 (0.14%) Intranet
13 3 (0.14%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 457 (21.45%) SQL Server
2 117 (5.49%) Relational Database
3 97 (4.55%) NoSQL
4 93 (4.36%) MySQL
5 78 (3.66%) Big Data
6 72 (3.38%) MongoDB
7 67 (3.14%) PostgreSQL
8 55 (2.58%) Oracle Database
9 44 (2.06%) Hadoop
10 43 (2.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 41 (1.92%) Data Warehouse
12 40 (1.88%) RDBMS
13 36 (1.69%) Redis
14 34 (1.60%) SQL Server Reporting Services
15 32 (1.50%) Apache Cassandra
16 27 (1.27%) SQL Server 2012
17 21 (0.99%) Oracle Database 12c
18 20 (0.94%) HBase
18 20 (0.94%) SQL Server 2008
19 17 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 545 (25.57%) Git (software)
2 393 (18.44%) Jenkins
3 223 (10.46%) JIRA
4 153 (7.18%) JUnit
5 151 (7.09%) Selenium
6 132 (6.19%) webpack
7 125 (5.87%) Mockito
8 124 (5.82%) Maven
9 116 (5.44%) Mocha
10 108 (5.07%) gulp
11 102 (4.79%) TeamCity
12 101 (4.74%) Jasmine
13 98 (4.60%) Visual Studio
14 93 (4.36%) NUnit
15 91 (4.27%) Grunt
16 85 (3.99%) Gradle
17 79 (3.71%) Subversion
18 74 (3.47%) Team Foundation Server
19 66 (3.10%) Octopus Deploy
19 66 (3.10%) SonarQube
General
1 446 (20.93%) Finance
2 235 (11.03%) Banking
3 84 (3.94%) Retail
4 64 (3.00%) Front Office
5 45 (2.11%) Investment Banking
6 41 (1.92%) Financial Institution
7 30 (1.41%) Publishing
8 29 (1.36%) Marketing
9 22 (1.03%) Back Office
10 17 (0.80%) Manufacturing
11 16 (0.75%) Telecoms
12 14 (0.66%) Automotive
13 13 (0.61%) Games
13 13 (0.61%) Law
14 10 (0.47%) Aerospace
14 10 (0.47%) Legal
14 10 (0.47%) Retail Banking
15 9 (0.42%) Pharmaceutical
16 8 (0.38%) Billing
17 6 (0.28%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,692 (79.40%) Developer
2 320 (15.02%) .NET Developer
3 288 (13.51%) C# Developer
4 278 (13.05%) Java Developer
5 199 (9.34%) Senior Developer
6 170 (7.98%) React Developer
7 165 (7.74%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 150 (7.04%) JavaScript Developer
9 141 (6.62%) Full Stack Developer
10 123 (5.77%) C# .NET Developer
11 86 (4.04%) Software Engineer
12 83 (3.89%) Node.js Developer
13 79 (3.71%) Angular Developer
14 76 (3.57%) UI Developer
15 65 (3.05%) SQL Developer
16 63 (2.96%) Software Developer
17 59 (2.77%) Analyst
18 55 (2.58%) iOS Developer
19 49 (2.30%) Python Developer
20 46 (2.16%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 651 (30.55%) .NET
2 636 (29.85%) HTML
3 572 (26.84%) CSS
4 436 (20.46%) AngularJS
5 430 (20.18%) Web Services
6 374 (17.55%) React
7 364 (17.08%) RESTful
8 358 (16.80%) HTML5
8 358 (16.80%) Node.js
9 312 (14.64%) CSS3
10 293 (13.75%) REST
11 288 (13.51%) jQuery
12 269 (12.62%) Spring
13 267 (12.53%) ASP.NET
14 207 (9.71%) ASP.NET Web API
15 195 (9.15%) XML
16 189 (8.87%) .NET Framework
17 179 (8.40%) Redux
18 176 (8.26%) JSON
19 170 (7.98%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 190 (8.92%) User Experience
2 107 (5.02%) Computer Science
3 101 (4.74%) Analytical Skills
4 100 (4.69%) Greenfield Project
5 81 (3.80%) Enterprise Software
5 81 (3.80%) Mobile App
6 64 (3.00%) Fintech
7 47 (2.21%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 43 (2.02%) Derivative
9 41 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
10 38 (1.78%) Fixed Income
11 34 (1.60%) Management Information System
12 32 (1.50%) Hedge funds
13 31 (1.45%) Data Structures
14 30 (1.41%) Equities
15 29 (1.36%) Algorithms
15 29 (1.36%) iPad
16 26 (1.22%) iPhone
17 22 (1.03%) N-Tier
18 19 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 189 (8.87%) Linux
2 129 (6.05%) Unix
3 115 (5.40%) Windows
4 92 (4.32%) Apple iOS
5 81 (3.80%) Android
6 18 (0.84%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.42%) VMS
8 8 (0.38%) Solaris
9 7 (0.33%) Windows Server 2012
10 6 (0.28%) CentOS
11 5 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
12 4 (0.19%) OpenVMS
12 4 (0.19%) SUSE
12 4 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
12 4 (0.19%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 1 (0.047%) AIX
13 1 (0.047%) Mac OS X
13 1 (0.047%) Windows Phone
13 1 (0.047%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (0.047%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,155 (54.20%) Agile Software Development
2 848 (39.79%) TDD
3 529 (24.82%) Test Automation
4 473 (22.20%) BDD
5 465 (21.82%) Scrum
6 418 (19.62%) Continuous Integration
7 407 (19.10%) MVC
8 288 (13.51%) OO
8 288 (13.51%) Software Engineering
9 265 (12.44%) Microservices
10 247 (11.59%) Front End Development
11 230 (10.79%) DevOps
12 219 (10.28%) SDLC
13 186 (8.73%) E-Commerce
14 185 (8.68%) Problem-Solving
15 178 (8.35%) Multithreading
16 176 (8.26%) Web Development
17 165 (7.74%) Continuous Delivery
18 161 (7.56%) SOA
19 143 (6.71%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 903 (42.37%) JavaScript
2 667 (31.30%) C#
3 641 (30.08%) Java
4 516 (24.21%) SQL
5 167 (7.84%) Python
6 136 (6.38%) ES6
6 136 (6.38%) TypeScript
7 118 (5.54%) T-SQL
8 116 (5.44%) C++
9 92 (4.32%) Java 8
10 82 (3.85%) PHP
11 79 (3.71%) Scala
12 64 (3.00%) C
13 62 (2.91%) Apple Swift
14 57 (2.67%) Groovy
15 51 (2.39%) Shell Script
16 48 (2.25%) Objective-C
17 46 (2.16%) PL/SQL
18 31 (1.45%) PowerShell
18 31 (1.45%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 137 (6.43%) Degree
2 78 (3.66%) Security Cleared
3 60 (2.82%) SC Cleared
4 59 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 16 (0.75%) BPSS Clearance
6 14 (0.66%) Microsoft Certification
7 13 (0.61%) Master's Degree
7 13 (0.61%) Siebel Certification
8 11 (0.52%) ISTQB
9 10 (0.47%) ISEB
10 7 (0.33%) HND
10 7 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
11 4 (0.19%) PhD
12 3 (0.14%) DV Cleared
12 3 (0.14%) MCTS
13 2 (0.094%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.094%) CTC Cleared
13 2 (0.094%) MBA
13 2 (0.094%) OCA
13 2 (0.094%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 179 (8.40%) QA
2 10 (0.47%) GCP
3 5 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
3 5 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 5 (0.23%) PCI DSS
4 4 (0.19%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.14%) 21 CFR Part 11
5 3 (0.14%) GLP
5 3 (0.14%) GMP
5 3 (0.14%) GxP
5 3 (0.14%) ISO 20022
5 3 (0.14%) Solvency II
6 2 (0.094%) ARP4754
6 2 (0.094%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.094%) PMO
6 2 (0.094%) SEPA
6 2 (0.094%) WAI
7 1 (0.047%) DO-178B
7 1 (0.047%) MiFID
7 1 (0.047%) WCAG
System Software
1 179 (8.40%) Docker
2 30 (1.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 9 (0.42%) Active Directory
4 6 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.23%) HDFS
6 2 (0.094%) Firmware
7 1 (0.047%) Apache Flume
7 1 (0.047%) Squid
7 1 (0.047%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 79 (3.71%) Ansible
2 78 (3.66%) Puppet
3 62 (2.91%) Kubernetes
4 55 (2.58%) Opscode Chef
5 27 (1.27%) Hadoop YARN
6 18 (0.84%) HP ALM
6 18 (0.84%) Salt
7 14 (0.66%) Prometheus
8 9 (0.42%) Oracle Identity Management
8 9 (0.42%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 8 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
10 7 (0.33%) Terraform
11 6 (0.28%) BladeLogic
11 6 (0.28%) Docker Swarm
12 4 (0.19%) HP Quality Center
12 4 (0.19%) Nagios
13 3 (0.14%) CFEngine
13 3 (0.14%) Kibana
14 2 (0.094%) Grafana
15 1 (0.047%) Rancher
Vendors
1 249 (11.68%) Microsoft
2 181 (8.49%) Oracle
3 53 (2.49%) Adobe
4 47 (2.21%) Google
5 41 (1.92%) Perforce
6 40 (1.88%) Atlassian
6 40 (1.88%) IBM
7 30 (1.41%) SAP
8 25 (1.17%) Coverity
8 25 (1.17%) MuleSoft
9 23 (1.08%) Sybase
10 22 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
11 18 (0.84%) HP
11 18 (0.84%) TIBCO
12 17 (0.80%) Sitecore
13 16 (0.75%) Tableau
14 15 (0.70%) Siebel
15 14 (0.66%) Zend
16 12 (0.56%) Apple
16 12 (0.56%) Splunk