Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 131 124 143
Rank change year-on-year -7 +19 -9
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 1,841 1,902 1,655
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.02% 2.06% 1.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.32% 2.40% 2.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,255 1,386 1,114
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £350 £325 £300
90th Percentile £625 £621 £575
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 16 19
England median hourly rate £49.50 £47.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.21% +17.28% +8.00%
10th Percentile £40.50 £24.82 £34.75
90th Percentile £51.00 £51.38 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £48.50 £47.50 £40.88
% change year-on-year +2.11% +16.21% +2.19%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,259 79,369 76,677
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.96% 85.96% 85.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,940 53,613 51,048
England median daily rate £475 £450 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
10th Percentile £300 £286 £263
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,949 1,842 2,154
England median hourly rate £23.50 £23.26 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.04% -2.07% +5.56%
10th Percentile £11.34 £11.26 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.75 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £22.92
% change year-on-year +2.17% +0.34% -0.34%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +13 1,029 £525 +5.00% 270
South East -23 341 £450 - 143
North of England -6 205 £390 +4.00% 143
North West +5 121 £388 +3.33% 78
South West -37 112 £425 +6.25% 82
Midlands -36 108 £402 +10.90% 83
Yorkshire -17 67 £400 -4.76% 47
East Midlands -8 60 £400 +14.29% 38
West Midlands -31 48 £435 +16.00% 45
East of England -1 45 £430 +7.50% 43
North East -5 17 £390 -6.87% 18
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,059 (57.52%) Agile Software Development
2 701 (38.08%) TDD
3 697 (37.86%) JavaScript
4 560 (30.42%) Java
5 541 (29.39%) Git (software)
6 500 (27.16%) C#
7 499 (27.10%) HTML
8 497 (27.00%) CSS
9 481 (26.13%) .NET
10 475 (25.80%) SQL
11 419 (22.76%) Test Automation
12 409 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
13 408 (22.16%) Scrum
14 400 (21.73%) AngularJS
15 379 (20.59%) BDD
16 338 (18.36%) Jenkins
17 324 (17.60%) REST
18 320 (17.38%) SQL Server
19 316 (17.16%) Node.js
20 306 (16.62%) Software Engineering
21 300 (16.30%) MVC
22 295 (16.02%) Finance
23 285 (15.48%) Web Services
24 275 (14.94%) HTML5
25 272 (14.77%) React
26 265 (14.39%) Amazon AWS
27 256 (13.91%) OO
28 251 (13.63%) RESTful
29 218 (11.84%) Microservices
30 216 (11.73%) Linux

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 128 (6.95%) Confluence
2 103 (5.59%) Apache
3 69 (3.75%) Elasticsearch
4 47 (2.55%) CMS
5 42 (2.28%) Apache Spark
6 38 (2.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 32 (1.74%) Tomcat
8 30 (1.63%) SharePoint
9 27 (1.47%) IIS
9 27 (1.47%) WebLogic
9 27 (1.47%) WebSphere
10 26 (1.41%) NServiceBus
11 25 (1.36%) Apache Solr
12 22 (1.20%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 21 (1.14%) Drupal
14 19 (1.03%) JBoss
15 16 (0.87%) Jetty
16 15 (0.81%) Umbraco
17 10 (0.54%) Mongrel
17 10 (0.54%) nginx
Applications
1 23 (1.25%) Microsoft Excel
2 16 (0.87%) Photoshop
3 6 (0.33%) Spreadsheet
4 4 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
5 3 (0.16%) Acrobat
5 3 (0.16%) InVision
5 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 2 (0.11%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.054%) Adobe Creative Suite
7 1 (0.054%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 19 (1.03%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.60%) Endur
3 10 (0.54%) Workday HCM
4 8 (0.43%) Oracle Retail
5 6 (0.33%) Magento
6 5 (0.27%) SAP CO
6 5 (0.27%) SAP FI
6 5 (0.27%) SAP FI/CO
7 4 (0.22%) SAP PS
8 3 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
8 3 (0.16%) Maximo
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
8 3 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
9 2 (0.11%) Kondor
9 2 (0.11%) MoSes
9 2 (0.11%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 265 (14.39%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (11.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 115 (6.25%) Serverless
4 89 (4.83%) AWS Lambda
5 78 (4.24%) GitHub
6 50 (2.72%) npm
7 45 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
8 42 (2.28%) Cloud Computing
9 36 (1.96%) AWS CloudFormation
9 36 (1.96%) Google Cloud Platform
10 24 (1.30%) Amazon S3
11 23 (1.25%) Amazon Kinesis
12 20 (1.09%) Azure Functions
13 19 (1.03%) Dynamics 365
13 19 (1.03%) PaaS
14 17 (0.92%) IaaS
14 17 (0.92%) SaaS
15 16 (0.87%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 16 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
15 16 (0.87%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 94 (5.11%) HTTP
2 42 (2.28%) Internet
2 42 (2.28%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.79%) SSL
4 29 (1.58%) FTP
5 25 (1.36%) DNS
6 15 (0.81%) DHCP
6 15 (0.81%) IPsec
7 13 (0.71%) Intranet
8 7 (0.38%) BIG-IP
9 6 (0.33%) Wi-Fi
10 5 (0.27%) DLNA
10 5 (0.27%) Firewall
10 5 (0.27%) HTTPS
10 5 (0.27%) UPnP
11 4 (0.22%) Bluetooth
11 4 (0.22%) SSH
12 3 (0.16%) AMQP
12 3 (0.16%) Kerberos
12 3 (0.16%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 320 (17.38%) SQL Server
2 112 (6.08%) MySQL
3 88 (4.78%) Relational Database
4 82 (4.45%) PostgreSQL
5 72 (3.91%) Big Data
6 71 (3.86%) NoSQL
7 65 (3.53%) MongoDB
8 60 (3.26%) Data Warehouse
9 58 (3.15%) Hadoop
10 46 (2.50%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 44 (2.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 41 (2.23%) HBase
13 35 (1.90%) Couchbase
14 33 (1.79%) SQL Server 2012
15 25 (1.36%) Apache Cassandra
15 25 (1.36%) Parquet
16 23 (1.25%) DB2
16 23 (1.25%) Oracle Database
16 23 (1.25%) RDBMS
17 21 (1.14%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 541 (29.39%) Git (software)
2 338 (18.36%) Jenkins
3 198 (10.76%) JIRA
4 175 (9.51%) Selenium
5 158 (8.58%) JUnit
6 144 (7.82%) Maven
7 126 (6.84%) Mocha
8 115 (6.25%) TeamCity
9 104 (5.65%) Visual Studio
10 102 (5.54%) Team Foundation Server
11 93 (5.05%) Gradle
12 85 (4.62%) Jasmine
13 81 (4.40%) Subversion
14 80 (4.35%) Mockito
15 78 (4.24%) webpack
16 68 (3.69%) NUnit
17 63 (3.42%) Cucumber
18 62 (3.37%) Octopus Deploy
19 58 (3.15%) Eclipse
19 58 (3.15%) gulp
General
1 295 (16.02%) Finance
2 161 (8.75%) Banking
3 98 (5.32%) Retail
4 88 (4.78%) Front Office
5 50 (2.72%) Investment Banking
6 25 (1.36%) Back Office
7 22 (1.20%) Financial Institution
7 22 (1.20%) Games
8 19 (1.03%) Manufacturing
9 16 (0.87%) Advertising
10 15 (0.81%) Marketing
11 13 (0.71%) Automotive
11 13 (0.71%) Telecoms
12 10 (0.54%) Electronics
12 10 (0.54%) Law
12 10 (0.54%) Publishing
13 7 (0.38%) Legal
13 7 (0.38%) Retail Banking
14 6 (0.33%) Aerospace
15 3 (0.16%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,399 (75.99%) Developer
2 220 (11.95%) Java Developer
3 219 (11.90%) .NET Developer
4 192 (10.43%) Senior Developer
5 174 (9.45%) C# Developer
6 135 (7.33%) React Developer
7 133 (7.22%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 111 (6.03%) Software Engineer
9 101 (5.49%) Full Stack Developer
10 88 (4.78%) JavaScript Developer
11 67 (3.64%) Angular Developer
12 65 (3.53%) C# .NET Developer
13 59 (3.20%) Software Developer
14 56 (3.04%) Analyst
15 53 (2.88%) Android Developer
16 48 (2.61%) SQL Developer
17 46 (2.50%) iOS Developer
18 44 (2.39%) PHP Developer
19 42 (2.28%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 42 (2.28%) Node.js Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 499 (27.10%) HTML
2 497 (27.00%) CSS
3 481 (26.13%) .NET
4 400 (21.73%) AngularJS
5 324 (17.60%) REST
6 316 (17.16%) Node.js
7 285 (15.48%) Web Services
8 275 (14.94%) HTML5
9 272 (14.77%) React
10 251 (13.63%) RESTful
11 215 (11.68%) Spring
12 189 (10.27%) CSS3
13 175 (9.51%) .NET Framework
14 169 (9.18%) JSON
15 166 (9.02%) ASP.NET
16 157 (8.53%) jQuery
17 154 (8.37%) XML
18 143 (7.77%) ASP.NET Web API
19 139 (7.55%) Sass
20 117 (6.36%) Redux
Miscellaneous
1 139 (7.55%) User Experience
2 134 (7.28%) Analytical Skills
3 108 (5.87%) Greenfield Project
4 69 (3.75%) Mobile App
5 58 (3.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 58 (3.15%) Linux Command Line
6 47 (2.55%) Fintech
7 44 (2.39%) Data Structures
8 43 (2.34%) Virtual Team
9 42 (2.28%) Derivative
10 39 (2.12%) Algorithms
11 37 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
12 31 (1.68%) Fixed Income
13 30 (1.63%) Self-Motivation
14 25 (1.36%) Equities
15 24 (1.30%) Hedge funds
16 20 (1.09%) Management Information System
17 18 (0.98%) N-Tier
18 11 (0.60%) Video on Demand
19 10 (0.54%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 216 (11.73%) Linux
2 142 (7.71%) Unix
3 92 (5.00%) Android
4 78 (4.24%) Windows
5 76 (4.13%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.36%) Embedded Linux
7 15 (0.81%) VMS
8 12 (0.65%) Solaris
9 9 (0.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 7 (0.38%) SUSE
10 7 (0.38%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 7 (0.38%) Windows Server
11 5 (0.27%) CentOS
12 3 (0.16%) OpenVMS
12 3 (0.16%) Windows 10
13 2 (0.11%) AIX
13 2 (0.11%) Debian
13 2 (0.11%) MVS
13 2 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.054%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,059 (57.52%) Agile Software Development
2 701 (38.08%) TDD
3 419 (22.76%) Test Automation
4 409 (22.22%) Continuous Integration
5 408 (22.16%) Scrum
6 379 (20.59%) BDD
7 306 (16.62%) Software Engineering
8 300 (16.30%) MVC
9 256 (13.91%) OO
10 218 (11.84%) Microservices
11 201 (10.92%) Problem-Solving
12 194 (10.54%) Front End Development
13 183 (9.94%) DevOps
14 168 (9.13%) SDLC
15 149 (8.09%) SOA
16 145 (7.88%) Pair Programming
17 124 (6.74%) Multithreading
18 121 (6.57%) Kanban
18 121 (6.57%) OOP
19 119 (6.46%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 697 (37.86%) JavaScript
2 560 (30.42%) Java
3 500 (27.16%) C#
4 475 (25.80%) SQL
5 216 (11.73%) Python
6 154 (8.37%) C++
7 141 (7.66%) ES6
8 107 (5.81%) PHP
9 102 (5.54%) T-SQL
10 98 (5.32%) C
11 92 (5.00%) TypeScript
12 82 (4.45%) Shell Script
13 71 (3.86%) Java 8
14 59 (3.20%) Scala
15 54 (2.93%) Apple Swift
16 51 (2.77%) Go
17 49 (2.66%) Bash Shell
18 41 (2.23%) Objective-C
19 34 (1.85%) PL/SQL
20 33 (1.79%) Perl
Qualifications
1 152 (8.26%) Degree
2 75 (4.07%) Security Cleared
3 65 (3.53%) SC Cleared
4 34 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
6 12 (0.65%) Master's Degree
7 8 (0.43%) DBS Check
8 5 (0.27%) Numerate Degree
9 4 (0.22%) AWS Certification
9 4 (0.22%) ISEB
10 3 (0.16%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 3 (0.16%) PhD
10 3 (0.16%) SAS Certification
11 2 (0.11%) BC Cleared
11 2 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
11 2 (0.11%) DV Cleared
11 2 (0.11%) ISTQB
11 2 (0.11%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.054%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.054%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 173 (9.40%) QA
2 9 (0.49%) Data Quality
2 9 (0.49%) WCAG
3 6 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
3 6 (0.33%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.27%) HL7
4 5 (0.27%) PMO
5 4 (0.22%) IFRS
6 3 (0.16%) GDPR
6 3 (0.16%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.16%) Solvency II
7 1 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.054%) MiFID
7 1 (0.054%) MISRA
7 1 (0.054%) WAI
System Software
1 214 (11.62%) Docker
2 38 (2.06%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 31 (1.68%) HDFS
4 11 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
4 11 (0.60%) Xen
5 7 (0.38%) Active Directory
6 5 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
7 4 (0.22%) Apache Flume
8 2 (0.11%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 1 (0.054%) Samba
9 1 (0.054%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 82 (4.45%) Kubernetes
2 62 (3.37%) Ansible
3 44 (2.39%) Puppet
4 41 (2.23%) Hadoop YARN
4 41 (2.23%) Opscode Chef
5 23 (1.25%) Terraform
6 15 (0.81%) Oracle Identity Management
6 15 (0.81%) Oracle Identity Manager
7 12 (0.65%) Kibana
8 11 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
9 10 (0.54%) logstash
10 7 (0.38%) CFEngine
10 7 (0.38%) Control-M
10 7 (0.38%) Rancher
11 5 (0.27%) Oozie
11 5 (0.27%) Salt
12 4 (0.22%) Rundeck
13 3 (0.16%) CloudHub
13 3 (0.16%) Prometheus
14 2 (0.11%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 208 (11.30%) Microsoft
2 167 (9.07%) Oracle
3 56 (3.04%) Google
4 42 (2.28%) Splunk
5 31 (1.68%) Adobe
5 31 (1.68%) SAP
6 27 (1.47%) IBM
7 23 (1.25%) Atlassian
8 22 (1.20%) TIBCO
9 20 (1.09%) Sybase
10 18 (0.98%) Informatica
11 15 (0.81%) Okta
11 15 (0.81%) Sitecore
11 15 (0.81%) Zend
12 14 (0.76%) Tableau
13 11 (0.60%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.60%) VMware
14 10 (0.54%) Bloomberg
14 10 (0.54%) DevExpress
14 10 (0.54%) Workday