Period
to 20 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 20 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
20 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 125 146 131
Rank change year-on-year +21 -15 +31
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 1,894 1,659 1,830
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.07% 1.84% 1.85%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.45% 2.19% 2.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,382 1,115 1,281
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £300 £300
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 19 18
England median hourly rate £43.75 £40.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.02% +8.00% -0.66%
10th Percentile £24.82 £34.75 £31.93
90th Percentile £51.38 £50.00 £43.33
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.88 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.98% +2.19% +6.67%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77,453 75,596 81,978
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.60% 84.04% 82.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 52,346 50,436 53,969
England median daily rate £450 £433 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.05% +1.76% +6.12%
10th Percentile £293 £269 £263
90th Percentile £638 £619 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,783 2,059 2,503
England median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +8.70% +15.00%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.34 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -4.08% +3.16% +18.75%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 20 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +10 978 £500 +5.26% 252
South East +43 397 £450 +5.88% 118
North of England -11 199 £375 -6.25% 152
Midlands +44 143 £366 -3.62% 74
South West +15 126 £400 +14.29% 56
North West -8 111 £375 -6.25% 84
East Midlands +40 84 £350 -7.28% 39
Yorkshire -14 74 £420 +5.00% 60
West Midlands +31 59 £375 - 35
East of England -28 43 £400 +23.08% 62
North East +12 18 £425 -2.97% 8
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 20 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,048 (55.33%) Agile Software Development
2 761 (40.18%) TDD
3 733 (38.70%) JavaScript
4 707 (37.33%) Java
5 572 (30.20%) C#
6 544 (28.72%) SQL
6 544 (28.72%) .NET
7 498 (26.29%) HTML
8 495 (26.14%) Test Automation
9 471 (24.87%) Git (software)
10 461 (24.34%) Continuous Integration
11 449 (23.71%) CSS
12 427 (22.54%) Scrum
13 412 (21.75%) Web Services
14 405 (21.38%) BDD
15 404 (21.33%) MVC
16 394 (20.80%) AngularJS
17 374 (19.75%) SQL Server
18 353 (18.64%) Finance
19 327 (17.27%) REST
20 320 (16.90%) RESTful
21 313 (16.53%) Jenkins
22 270 (14.26%) Spring
23 266 (14.04%) Linux
24 264 (13.94%) HTML5
25 260 (13.73%) OO
26 255 (13.46%) React
27 248 (13.09%) Oracle
28 247 (13.04%) Node.js
29 241 (12.72%) ASP.NET

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 105 (5.54%) Apache
2 89 (4.70%) Confluence
3 82 (4.33%) Elasticsearch
4 64 (3.38%) Apache Spark
5 62 (3.27%) CMS
6 53 (2.80%) Tomcat
7 48 (2.53%) SharePoint
8 45 (2.38%) JBoss
9 43 (2.27%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 42 (2.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 27 (1.43%) Apache Solr
11 27 (1.43%) GlassFish
11 27 (1.43%) Liferay
12 20 (1.06%) WebLogic
13 17 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
14 15 (0.79%) IIS
14 15 (0.79%) Umbraco
14 15 (0.79%) WebSphere
15 14 (0.74%) Drupal
15 14 (0.74%) GemFire
Applications
1 24 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
2 6 (0.32%) Pipeline Pilot
3 5 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.16%) Microsoft Office
5 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.053%) EngageOne
7 1 (0.053%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 28 (1.48%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (1.21%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
3 8 (0.42%) Magento
4 7 (0.37%) BusinessWorks
4 7 (0.37%) Temenos T24
5 6 (0.32%) Oracle ERP
5 6 (0.32%) SAP FI
6 5 (0.26%) Hyperion Planning
6 5 (0.26%) Kondor
6 5 (0.26%) SAP CO
6 5 (0.26%) SAP FI/CO
6 5 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
7 4 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.16%) HFM
8 3 (0.16%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 2 (0.11%) Global One
9 2 (0.11%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 207 (10.93%) Amazon AWS
2 138 (7.29%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (3.96%) GitHub
4 58 (3.06%) npm
5 43 (2.27%) Cloud Computing
6 30 (1.58%) Serverless
7 24 (1.27%) PaaS
8 18 (0.95%) Dynamics 365
9 15 (0.79%) SaaS
10 14 (0.74%) Amazon S3
10 14 (0.74%) Office 365
11 13 (0.69%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
12 11 (0.58%) Amazon EC2
13 10 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
13 10 (0.53%) Yarn
14 9 (0.48%) Amazon SQS
14 9 (0.48%) OpenShift
15 8 (0.42%) CloudFront
15 8 (0.42%) G Suite
16 7 (0.37%) Amazon ElastiCache
Communications & Networking
1 95 (5.02%) HTTP
2 47 (2.48%) TCP/IP
3 26 (1.37%) Internet
4 17 (0.90%) Firewall
5 9 (0.48%) FTP
6 8 (0.42%) DNS
6 8 (0.42%) Kerberos
6 8 (0.42%) SSL
7 5 (0.26%) FCoE
7 5 (0.26%) iSCSI
7 5 (0.26%) SAN
7 5 (0.26%) SMS
7 5 (0.26%) WAN
8 3 (0.16%) 3G
8 3 (0.16%) HTTPS
8 3 (0.16%) Skype
9 2 (0.11%) Bluetooth
9 2 (0.11%) Intranet
9 2 (0.11%) NAS
9 2 (0.11%) snoop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 374 (19.75%) SQL Server
2 126 (6.65%) Relational Database
3 124 (6.55%) NoSQL
4 97 (5.12%) Big Data
5 86 (4.54%) Hadoop
6 78 (4.12%) MongoDB
7 75 (3.96%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 74 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
9 69 (3.64%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 68 (3.59%) RDBMS
11 66 (3.48%) MySQL
12 59 (3.12%) Oracle Database
13 58 (3.06%) Data Warehouse
14 41 (2.16%) HBase
15 38 (2.01%) SQL Server 2008
16 35 (1.85%) Apache Cassandra
17 33 (1.74%) SQL Server 2012
18 29 (1.53%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 27 (1.43%) Oracle Database 12c
20 25 (1.32%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 471 (24.87%) Git (software)
2 313 (16.53%) Jenkins
3 238 (12.57%) JUnit
4 179 (9.45%) JIRA
5 173 (9.13%) Maven
6 160 (8.45%) Mockito
7 123 (6.49%) NUnit
8 122 (6.44%) Selenium
9 116 (6.12%) Gradle
10 114 (6.02%) TeamCity
11 102 (5.39%) Subversion
12 94 (4.96%) Visual Studio
13 86 (4.54%) webpack
14 85 (4.49%) Cucumber
15 82 (4.33%) Mocha
16 79 (4.17%) gulp
17 78 (4.12%) Team Foundation Server
18 75 (3.96%) Jasmine
19 68 (3.59%) Ant
20 67 (3.54%) Eclipse
General
1 353 (18.64%) Finance
2 223 (11.77%) Banking
3 86 (4.54%) Front Office
4 53 (2.80%) Investment Banking
5 42 (2.22%) Publishing
6 37 (1.95%) Retail
7 35 (1.85%) Marketing
8 22 (1.16%) Law
9 20 (1.06%) Back Office
10 14 (0.74%) Games
11 12 (0.63%) Advertising
11 12 (0.63%) Retail Banking
12 11 (0.58%) Telecoms
13 10 (0.53%) Financial Institution
14 9 (0.48%) Legal
15 8 (0.42%) Billing
16 6 (0.32%) Manufacturing
17 4 (0.21%) General Ledger
17 4 (0.21%) International Banking
18 3 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,520 (80.25%) Developer
2 364 (19.22%) Java Developer
3 238 (12.57%) Senior Developer
4 237 (12.51%) C# Developer
5 228 (12.04%) .NET Developer
6 153 (8.08%) JavaScript Developer
7 98 (5.17%) SQL Developer
8 97 (5.12%) C# .NET Developer
9 87 (4.59%) React Developer
10 84 (4.44%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 74 (3.91%) Software Engineer
12 73 (3.85%) Full Stack Developer
13 72 (3.80%) Senior Java Developer
14 67 (3.54%) iOS Developer
14 67 (3.54%) Python Developer
15 66 (3.48%) Agile Developer
16 61 (3.22%) WPF Developer
17 57 (3.01%) C# WPF Developer
17 57 (3.01%) Software Developer
18 56 (2.96%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 544 (28.72%) .NET
2 498 (26.29%) HTML
3 449 (23.71%) CSS
4 412 (21.75%) Web Services
5 394 (20.80%) AngularJS
6 327 (17.27%) REST
7 320 (16.90%) RESTful
8 270 (14.26%) Spring
9 264 (13.94%) HTML5
10 255 (13.46%) React
11 247 (13.04%) Node.js
12 241 (12.72%) ASP.NET
13 237 (12.51%) jQuery
14 208 (10.98%) JSON
15 198 (10.45%) CSS3
16 185 (9.77%) ASP.NET Web API
17 181 (9.56%) XML
18 179 (9.45%) .NET Framework
19 149 (7.87%) SOAP
20 145 (7.66%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 135 (7.13%) User Experience
2 96 (5.07%) Greenfield Project
3 70 (3.70%) Mobile App
4 69 (3.64%) Computer Science
5 67 (3.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 64 (3.38%) Enterprise Software
6 64 (3.38%) Fintech
7 63 (3.33%) Analytical Skills
8 52 (2.75%) Virtual Team
9 48 (2.53%) Derivative
10 37 (1.95%) Linux Command Line
11 36 (1.90%) Fixed Income
12 26 (1.37%) Algorithms
13 24 (1.27%) iPad
14 23 (1.21%) iPhone
15 22 (1.16%) N-Tier
16 20 (1.06%) Equities
16 20 (1.06%) Management Information System
17 19 (1.00%) Client/Server
18 17 (0.90%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 266 (14.04%) Linux
2 141 (7.44%) Unix
3 95 (5.02%) Apple iOS
3 95 (5.02%) Windows
4 77 (4.07%) Android
5 18 (0.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 17 (0.90%) Windows Server
7 15 (0.79%) Solaris
8 9 (0.48%) CentOS
8 9 (0.48%) Ubuntu
9 8 (0.42%) SUSE
10 7 (0.37%) AIX
10 7 (0.37%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
11 6 (0.32%) HPUX
12 3 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.053%) Fedora
13 1 (0.053%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.053%) Windows Embedded Compact
13 1 (0.053%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,048 (55.33%) Agile Software Development
2 761 (40.18%) TDD
3 495 (26.14%) Test Automation
4 461 (24.34%) Continuous Integration
5 427 (22.54%) Scrum
6 405 (21.38%) BDD
7 404 (21.33%) MVC
8 260 (13.73%) OO
9 231 (12.20%) Software Engineering
10 153 (8.08%) Microservices
11 144 (7.60%) Front End Development
12 139 (7.34%) SDLC
13 135 (7.13%) Web Development
14 130 (6.86%) DevOps
15 127 (6.71%) Configuration Management
16 120 (6.34%) Kanban
17 108 (5.70%) E-Commerce
18 107 (5.65%) Pair Programming
19 102 (5.39%) Mentoring
20 100 (5.28%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 733 (38.70%) JavaScript
2 707 (37.33%) Java
3 572 (30.20%) C#
4 544 (28.72%) SQL
5 182 (9.61%) Python
6 123 (6.49%) T-SQL
7 102 (5.39%) TypeScript
8 93 (4.91%) C++
8 93 (4.91%) ES6
9 89 (4.70%) PL/SQL
10 75 (3.96%) Scala
11 71 (3.75%) Apple Swift
12 64 (3.38%) Ruby
13 61 (3.22%) Shell Script
14 60 (3.17%) Objective-C
15 54 (2.85%) PHP
16 36 (1.90%) Groovy
16 36 (1.90%) Perl
17 35 (1.85%) VBA
17 35 (1.85%) XPath
Qualifications
1 105 (5.54%) Degree
2 67 (3.54%) Security Cleared
3 54 (2.85%) SC Cleared
4 31 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 19 (1.00%) Master's Degree
6 17 (0.90%) BPSS Clearance
7 14 (0.74%) PhD
8 8 (0.42%) ISEB
8 8 (0.42%) ISTQB
9 7 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
10 4 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.16%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.11%) MCITP
12 2 (0.11%) MCTS
12 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.11%) PMI Certification
12 2 (0.11%) Sun Certification
13 1 (0.053%) A+ Certification
13 1 (0.053%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 146 (7.71%) QA
2 15 (0.79%) Data Quality
3 13 (0.69%) HL7
4 12 (0.63%) MiFID
5 8 (0.42%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 8 (0.42%) WAI
6 7 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.32%) WCAG
8 3 (0.16%) GAAP
9 2 (0.11%) EMIR
9 2 (0.11%) GDPR
9 2 (0.11%) IEC 62304
9 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.053%) COBIT
10 1 (0.053%) DICOM
10 1 (0.053%) ISO 14001
10 1 (0.053%) ISO 9001
10 1 (0.053%) PCI DSS
10 1 (0.053%) PMO
10 1 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 107 (5.65%) Docker
2 51 (2.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 39 (2.06%) HDFS
4 17 (0.90%) Active Directory
5 9 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
6 8 (0.42%) Samba
7 7 (0.37%) Virtual Machines
8 2 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 2 (0.11%) KVM
8 2 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
8 2 (0.11%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 1 (0.053%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 96 (5.07%) Ansible
2 95 (5.02%) Puppet
3 83 (4.38%) Opscode Chef
4 33 (1.74%) Hadoop YARN
5 30 (1.58%) Terraform
6 24 (1.27%) Kubernetes
7 9 (0.48%) BladeLogic
8 7 (0.37%) Oozie
9 5 (0.26%) Nagios
9 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Management
9 5 (0.26%) Oracle Identity Manager
10 4 (0.21%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.21%) Kibana
10 4 (0.21%) logstash
11 3 (0.16%) Ambari
11 3 (0.16%) Mesos
11 3 (0.16%) Prometheus
12 2 (0.11%) HockeyApp
12 2 (0.11%) Icinga
12 2 (0.11%) Rancher
Vendors
1 248 (13.09%) Oracle
2 211 (11.14%) Microsoft
3 48 (2.53%) Adobe
4 37 (1.95%) Apple
4 37 (1.95%) HP
5 34 (1.80%) IBM
6 31 (1.64%) Google
6 31 (1.64%) SAP
7 29 (1.53%) Perforce
8 28 (1.48%) TIBCO
9 27 (1.43%) Red Hat
10 26 (1.37%) Coverity
11 19 (1.00%) Atlassian
11 19 (1.00%) Salesforce.com
12 17 (0.90%) Sitecore
13 15 (0.79%) Sybase
14 14 (0.74%) DevExpress
15 12 (0.63%) Bloomberg
16 11 (0.58%) Tableau
16 11 (0.58%) Twitter