The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 3 months to 24 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
24 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Unit Testing
UK / England
Rank 134 139 143
Rank change year-on-year +5 +4  
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 777 855 777
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.86% 1.75% 1.62%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.23% 2.11% 2.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 505 618 503
Median daily rate £425 £413 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.03% +3.12%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £313 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £391 £375 £345
% change year-on-year +4.33% +8.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 12 8
Median hourly rate £41.25 £42.25 £38.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.36% +10.45%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £37.75 £35.00 £31.30
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £49.25 £46.20 £45.90
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £44.85 £37.50
% change year-on-year -9.69% +19.60%  

Unit Testing is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 34806 40518 38294
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in England 83.27% 82.93% 80.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 23035 26911 24118
Median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +2.94%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £280
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +2.50% -  
Number of hourly rates quoted 869 1000 1121
Median hourly rate £35.75 £37.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.66% +36.36%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £55.00 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £39.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -7.69% +30.00%  

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in England citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 3 months to 24 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 3 months to 24 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 3 months to 24 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -19 311 £500 +5.26% 93
South East +39 170 £401 +6.80% 51
Yorkshire +17 60 £400 - 20
South West -8 57 £363 +3.57% 28
North West 0 51 £400 -11.11% 34
East Midlands +14 44 £338 +3.84% 13
North East +16 30 £350 -18.60% 4
West Midlands +7 26 £400 +14.28% 21
East of England -24 23 £413 +21.32% 31
Midlands +1 1 - - 3
Unit Testing
UK

Unit Testing
Top 30 Related IT Skills in England

For the 6 months to 24 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 837 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
2 613 (39.29%) Java
3 502 (32.18%) JavaScript
4 463 (29.68%) SQL
5 462 (29.62%) TDD
6 421 (26.99%) C#
7 414 (26.54%) .NET
8 379 (24.29%) HTML
9 350 (22.44%) Scrum
10 345 (22.12%) Web Services
11 344 (22.05%) CSS
12 300 (19.23%) Git (software)
13 296 (18.97%) Continuous Integration
14 291 (18.65%) MVC
15 257 (16.47%) SQL Server
16 255 (16.35%) Finance
17 244 (15.64%) Spring
18 235 (15.06%) REST
19 233 (14.94%) Software Engineering
20 232 (14.87%) Oracle
20 232 (14.87%) OO
21 225 (14.42%) RESTful
21 225 (14.42%) AngularJS
22 224 (14.36%) HTML5
23 216 (13.85%) BDD
24 193 (12.37%) QA
25 189 (12.12%) Linux
26 188 (12.05%) Jenkins
27 185 (11.86%) JUnit
28 183 (11.73%) ASP.NET

Unit Testing
Top Related IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 79 (5.06%) Confluence
2 74 (4.74%) WebSphere
3 50 (3.21%) Tomcat
4 47 (3.01%) JBoss
5 45 (2.88%) SharePoint
6 39 (2.50%) Apache Spark
7 34 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
7 34 (2.18%) WebSphere Application Server
8 30 (1.92%) CMS
9 27 (1.73%) Apache
9 27 (1.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 18 (1.15%) CICS
10 18 (1.15%) WebSphere Process Server
11 17 (1.09%) WebLogic
12 16 (1.03%) Drupal
12 16 (1.03%) NServiceBus
13 14 (0.90%) IIS
14 11 (0.71%) Alfresco
15 10 (0.64%) Mule
16 9 (0.58%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 90 (5.77%) MS Excel
2 19 (1.22%) MS Office
3 12 (0.77%) Photoshop
3 12 (0.77%) Spreadsheet
4 8 (0.51%) MS PowerPoint
5 4 (0.26%) Adobe Illustrator
6 3 (0.19%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.13%) InVision
7 2 (0.13%) LaTeX
7 2 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.064%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 27 (1.73%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.71%) Endur
2 11 (0.71%) Oracle BPM
2 11 (0.71%) Temenos T24
3 9 (0.58%) Dynamics AX
4 6 (0.38%) Oracle Retail
4 6 (0.38%) SAP EHS
5 5 (0.32%) ION MarketView
6 4 (0.26%) Magento
6 4 (0.26%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.26%) SAP ERP
6 4 (0.26%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.26%) SAP FI/CO
7 3 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.13%) FastStats
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 101 (6.47%) Amazon AWS
2 71 (4.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 59 (3.78%) GitHub
4 28 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
5 18 (1.15%) Office 365
6 14 (0.90%) SaaS
7 8 (0.51%) Google Analytics
7 8 (0.51%) PaaS
8 6 (0.38%) Amazon ElastiCache
8 6 (0.38%) IaaS
8 6 (0.38%) TestFlight
9 5 (0.32%) Amazon Kinesis
9 5 (0.32%) G Suite
10 4 (0.26%) Amazon EC2
10 4 (0.26%) AWS CloudFormation
10 4 (0.26%) Google Cloud Platform
11 3 (0.19%) Amazon S3
11 3 (0.19%) AWS Lambda
11 3 (0.19%) CloudFront
11 3 (0.19%) Oracle CX
Communications & Networking
1 43 (2.76%) HTTP
2 33 (2.12%) Internet
3 19 (1.22%) LDAP
4 9 (0.58%) TCP/IP
5 6 (0.38%) FTP
6 5 (0.32%) Intranet
6 5 (0.32%) SSL
7 4 (0.26%) DNS
7 4 (0.26%) SAN
8 3 (0.19%) AMQP
8 3 (0.19%) SMS
8 3 (0.19%) WAN
9 2 (0.13%) Firewall
9 2 (0.13%) iSCSI
9 2 (0.13%) NAS
10 1 (0.064%) BIG-IP
10 1 (0.064%) IPsec
10 1 (0.064%) LAN
10 1 (0.064%) Wireless
10 1 (0.064%) WPA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 257 (16.47%) SQL Server
2 103 (6.60%) Relational Database
3 79 (5.06%) MySQL
4 71 (4.55%) MongoDB
5 67 (4.29%) PostgreSQL
6 50 (3.21%) NoSQL
7 48 (3.08%) Hadoop
7 48 (3.08%) Oracle Database
8 46 (2.95%) Big Data
9 45 (2.88%) RDBMS
10 41 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
11 39 (2.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 37 (2.37%) SQL Server 2008
13 33 (2.12%) DB2
13 33 (2.12%) SQL Server 2012
14 29 (1.86%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 27 (1.73%) Oracle Database 11g
16 25 (1.60%) Apache Hive
17 23 (1.47%) SQL Server 2005
18 21 (1.35%) Redis
Development Applications
1 300 (19.23%) Git (software)
2 188 (12.05%) Jenkins
3 185 (11.86%) JUnit
4 170 (10.90%) JIRA
5 149 (9.55%) Selenium
6 134 (8.59%) Maven
7 131 (8.40%) Cucumber
8 120 (7.69%) Mockito
9 94 (6.03%) Team Foundation Server
10 91 (5.83%) Subversion
11 90 (5.77%) Visual Studio
12 78 (5.00%) NUnit
13 61 (3.91%) Moq
14 60 (3.85%) Eclipse
15 58 (3.72%) Ant
16 53 (3.40%) SoapUI
17 51 (3.27%) gulp
18 49 (3.14%) TeamCity
19 48 (3.08%) Gradle
19 48 (3.08%) Jasmine
General
1 255 (16.35%) Finance
2 139 (8.91%) Banking
3 56 (3.59%) Retail
4 29 (1.86%) Back Office
5 28 (1.79%) Manufacturing
6 27 (1.73%) Investment Banking
7 26 (1.67%) Publishing
8 22 (1.41%) Games
9 21 (1.35%) Front Office
10 19 (1.22%) Marketing
11 16 (1.03%) Telecoms
12 12 (0.77%) Law
13 10 (0.64%) Financial Institution
14 8 (0.51%) Avionics
15 7 (0.45%) Advertising
15 7 (0.45%) Electronics
16 6 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
17 5 (0.32%) Billing
17 5 (0.32%) Legal
18 4 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 1140 (73.08%) Developer
2 268 (17.18%) Java Developer
3 192 (12.31%) .NET Developer
4 162 (10.38%) C# Developer
5 146 (9.36%) Senior Developer
6 97 (6.22%) JavaScript Developer
7 94 (6.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 82 (5.26%) SQL Developer
9 79 (5.06%) C# .NET Developer
10 70 (4.49%) Software Engineer
11 65 (4.17%) Oracle Developer
12 64 (4.10%) Analyst
13 63 (4.04%) Software Developer
14 62 (3.97%) Consultant
15 60 (3.85%) WPF Developer
16 57 (3.65%) Angular Developer
17 54 (3.46%) Agile Developer
18 53 (3.40%) Tester
19 44 (2.82%) Full Stack Developer
20 38 (2.44%) iOS Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 414 (26.54%) .NET
2 379 (24.29%) HTML
3 345 (22.12%) Web Services
4 344 (22.05%) CSS
5 244 (15.64%) Spring
6 235 (15.06%) REST
7 225 (14.42%) AngularJS
7 225 (14.42%) RESTful
8 224 (14.36%) HTML5
9 183 (11.73%) ASP.NET
10 177 (11.35%) XML
11 170 (10.90%) jQuery
12 147 (9.42%) CSS3
13 142 (9.10%) SOAP
14 133 (8.53%) .NET Framework
14 133 (8.53%) JSON
15 118 (7.56%) Node.js
16 117 (7.50%) ASP.NET MVC
16 117 (7.50%) Hibernate
17 114 (7.31%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 99 (6.35%) User Experience
2 87 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
3 58 (3.72%) Mobile App
4 40 (2.56%) Computer Science
5 39 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 28 (1.79%) Client/Server
7 26 (1.67%) iPad
8 25 (1.60%) Derivative
9 24 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
9 24 (1.54%) Mainframe
10 23 (1.47%) Fixed Income
11 21 (1.35%) Virtual Team
12 20 (1.28%) Data Centre
12 20 (1.28%) Data Structures
13 18 (1.15%) Linux Command Line
13 18 (1.15%) Management Information System
13 18 (1.15%) RIA
14 15 (0.96%) Fintech
15 11 (0.71%) Equities
16 9 (0.58%) SWIFT
Operating Systems
1 189 (12.12%) Linux
2 115 (7.37%) Unix
3 74 (4.74%) Windows
4 71 (4.55%) Apple iOS
5 68 (4.36%) Android
6 13 (0.83%) Windows XP
7 12 (0.77%) Windows 10
7 12 (0.77%) zOS
8 11 (0.71%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 9 (0.58%) Mac OS X
9 9 (0.58%) Windows Server
10 7 (0.45%) Solaris
11 6 (0.38%) CentOS
12 5 (0.32%) Windows Phone
13 4 (0.26%) Mac OS X Server
13 4 (0.26%) Windows Phone 8
13 4 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
14 3 (0.19%) Ubuntu
14 3 (0.19%) Windows Server 2008
14 3 (0.19%) Windows Vista
Processes & Methodologies
1 837 (53.65%) Agile Software Development
2 462 (29.62%) TDD
3 350 (22.44%) Scrum
4 296 (18.97%) Continuous Integration
5 291 (18.65%) MVC
6 233 (14.94%) Software Engineering
7 232 (14.87%) OO
8 216 (13.85%) BDD
9 148 (9.49%) Automated Testing
10 145 (9.29%) DevOps
11 118 (7.56%) Integration Testing
12 115 (7.37%) Front End Development
13 112 (7.18%) Pair Programming
14 104 (6.67%) Web Development
15 101 (6.47%) SDLC
16 100 (6.41%) SOA
16 100 (6.41%) Test Automation
17 96 (6.15%) E-Commerce
18 92 (5.90%) User Acceptance Testing
19 88 (5.64%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 613 (39.29%) Java
2 502 (32.18%) JavaScript
3 463 (29.68%) SQL
4 421 (26.99%) C#
5 129 (8.27%) Python
6 110 (7.05%) Scala
7 73 (4.68%) C++
8 72 (4.62%) PL/SQL
9 68 (4.36%) PHP
10 65 (4.17%) Shell Script
11 57 (3.65%) Ruby
11 57 (3.65%) T-SQL
12 56 (3.59%) VB.NET
13 53 (3.40%) Objective-C
14 49 (3.14%) Groovy
15 37 (2.37%) Apple Swift
15 37 (2.37%) Perl
16 35 (2.24%) C
17 34 (2.18%) ES6
18 33 (2.12%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 100 (6.41%) Security Cleared
2 77 (4.94%) Degree
3 60 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 15 (0.96%) DV Cleared
5 13 (0.83%) ISEB
6 11 (0.71%) BPSS Clearance
6 11 (0.71%) Microsoft Certification
7 10 (0.64%) Sun Certification
8 7 (0.45%) ISTQB
9 6 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
10 5 (0.32%) PMI Certification
11 3 (0.19%) CFA
11 3 (0.19%) HND
11 3 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
11 3 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 3 (0.19%) PhD
12 2 (0.13%) CCNP
12 2 (0.13%) Cisco Certification
12 2 (0.13%) MCP
12 2 (0.13%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (12.37%) QA
2 16 (1.03%) Data Quality
3 14 (0.90%) SDET
4 4 (0.26%) Basel III
4 4 (0.26%) CRD IV
4 4 (0.26%) WAI
5 3 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.13%) MiFID
6 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.13%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.064%) ARP4754
7 1 (0.064%) HMG Security Policy Framework
7 1 (0.064%) IEC 61508
7 1 (0.064%) PMO
7 1 (0.064%) SLA
System Software
1 54 (3.46%) Docker
2 27 (1.73%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 5 (0.32%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 4 (0.26%) HDFS
5 4 (0.26%) LXC
5 4 (0.26%) VirtualBox
5 4 (0.26%) VMware ESXi
6 3 (0.19%) Hyper-V
6 3 (0.19%) RACF
6 3 (0.19%) Varnish
7 2 (0.13%) NFS
7 2 (0.13%) Samba
7 2 (0.13%) Squid
7 2 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
8 1 (0.064%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.064%) KVM
8 1 (0.064%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 47 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
2 39 (2.50%) Puppet
3 27 (1.73%) Ansible
4 18 (1.15%) Terraform
5 14 (0.90%) CA Service Virtualization
5 14 (0.90%) OMEGAMON
6 12 (0.77%) Oracle Identity Management
6 12 (0.77%) Oracle Identity Manager
7 11 (0.71%) CA Endevor
7 11 (0.71%) Oozie
8 7 (0.45%) Control-M
8 7 (0.45%) Hadoop YARN
9 6 (0.38%) HockeyApp
10 5 (0.32%) Capistrano
10 5 (0.32%) Kibana
10 5 (0.32%) logstash
10 5 (0.32%) Nagios
10 5 (0.32%) SCCM
11 4 (0.26%) Norton AntiVirus
11 4 (0.26%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
Vendors
1 232 (14.87%) Oracle
2 169 (10.83%) Microsoft
3 52 (3.33%) SAP
4 48 (3.08%) IBM
5 34 (2.18%) Atlassian
6 33 (2.12%) Google
7 21 (1.35%) CA
7 21 (1.35%) Teradata
8 20 (1.28%) Splunk
9 19 (1.22%) VMware
10 16 (1.03%) ATG
11 15 (0.96%) Perforce
12 14 (0.90%) Apple
12 14 (0.90%) Red Hat
12 14 (0.90%) Syncsort
13 13 (0.83%) Talend
14 12 (0.77%) Salesforce.com
14 12 (0.77%) Tableau
14 12 (0.77%) Zend
15 11 (0.71%) OpenLink
Taunton, Somerset
Experis Ltd
Rate: £325 - £350 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £400 - £500 per day + Flexi Working (Some WFH)
Posted: 18 hours ago
Midlands
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £325 per day
Posted: 9 hours ago
Greater Manchester
Progressive Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £301 per day + competitive
Posted: Yesterday
North West
Ideal Training
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £320 per day + working inside IR35
Posted: 2 days ago
Farnham, Surrey
TLP Consultancy Ltd.
Rate: £250 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Austin Fraser
Rate: £0.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £40,000 to £50,000 per annum (Day rates up to £340pd)
Posted: 3 days ago
London
Contino Solutions Limited
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified NEG
Posted: 4 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600.00 - £700.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £325 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Sports Leaders UK
Rate: From £30,000 to £35,000 per annum
Posted: 10 days ago
Towcester, Northamptonshire
Stafford-Sharp Associates
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 3 days ago
Barnsley, United Kingdom
Barnsley Borough Council
Rate: £33,437 - £36,379
Posted: 7 days ago
Newcastle, County Down
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 4 days ago
Manchester
Pearson Frank
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Cambridge
OHO Group Ltd.
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 10 days ago