Period
to 6 June 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 6 June 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
6 Jun 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 163 137 122
Rank change year-on-year -26 -15 +22
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 629 1,562 2,000
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.57% 1.89% 2.18%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.83% 2.15% 2.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 439 1,086 1,430
Median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +11.76%
10th Percentile £350 £359 £325
90th Percentile £650 £631 £600
UK median daily rate £488 £475 £465
% change year-on-year +2.63% +2.15% +9.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 26 17
Median hourly rate £43.25 £43.75 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.14% +2.94% -
10th Percentile £35.00 £38.75 £34.58
90th Percentile £48.75 £52.63 £96.60
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year -2.86% +2.94% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 34,323 72,513 79,896
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 85.87% 87.57% 87.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,951 48,153 53,004
Median daily rate £475 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £300 £308 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,126 1,912 2,131
Median hourly rate £28.75 £25.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.00% +13.64% -12.00%
10th Percentile £12.83 £12.00 £11.18
90th Percentile £53.75 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £30.00 £24.91 £22.00
% change year-on-year +20.43% +13.23% -12.00%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 6 June 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 6 June 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -24 331 £538 +2.38% 43
South East +53 141 £463 +2.78% 30
South West +14 54 £421 -15.72% 20
North of England -22 48 £380 -10.59% 61
East of England +44 35 £400 -11.11% 14
North West 0 22 £430 +9.21% 34
Midlands -36 17 £425 -10.53% 15
Yorkshire +14 13 £375 -11.76% 15
North East +12 13 £384 -14.72% 12
West Midlands -4 10 £448 -5.79% 10
East Midlands -2 7 £425 -15.00% 5
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 6 June 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 310 (49.28%) Agile Software Development
2 222 (35.29%) JavaScript
3 220 (34.98%) C#
4 208 (33.07%) SQL
5 190 (30.21%) .NET
6 178 (28.30%) Java
7 173 (27.50%) Git (software)
8 160 (25.44%) Security Cleared
9 153 (24.32%) HTML
10 150 (23.85%) SQL Server
11 144 (22.89%) Scrum
11 144 (22.89%) TDD
12 143 (22.73%) Oracle
13 133 (21.14%) SC Cleared
14 131 (20.83%) Web Services
15 129 (20.51%) CSS
16 126 (20.03%) Microsoft
17 123 (19.55%) Azure
18 121 (19.24%) DevOps
19 117 (18.60%) REST
20 115 (18.28%) Continuous Integration
21 113 (17.97%) AngularJS
22 102 (16.22%) Test Automation
22 102 (16.22%) Finance
23 100 (15.90%) SOAP
24 91 (14.47%) Software Engineering
24 91 (14.47%) React
25 76 (12.08%) .NET Framework
26 75 (11.92%) Python
27 74 (11.76%) OO

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (4.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
2 23 (3.66%) Apache
3 17 (2.70%) NServiceBus
3 17 (2.70%) Tomcat
4 15 (2.38%) Confluence
5 12 (1.91%) SharePoint
5 12 (1.91%) WebLogic
6 10 (1.59%) Elasticsearch
6 10 (1.59%) WebSphere
7 9 (1.43%) Cloud Foundry
8 6 (0.95%) Apache Spark
8 6 (0.95%) IIS
9 5 (0.79%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 5 (0.79%) BizTalk Server
9 5 (0.79%) Drupal
9 5 (0.79%) SharePoint 2013
10 4 (0.64%) CMS
10 4 (0.64%) WordPress
11 3 (0.48%) JBoss
11 3 (0.48%) Mule
Applications
1 17 (2.70%) Photoshop
2 13 (2.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 10 (1.59%) Acrobat
4 6 (0.95%) Sketch
5 5 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
6 2 (0.32%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 1 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.16%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 41 (6.52%) Oracle Payables
2 28 (4.45%) Oracle Cash Management
3 25 (3.97%) Oracle Receivables
4 21 (3.34%) Oracle ERP
5 17 (2.70%) Remedy ITSM
6 9 (1.43%) Magento
7 8 (1.27%) Oracle EBS
8 7 (1.11%) Shopify
9 6 (0.95%) Dynamics AX
10 4 (0.64%) Dynamics NAV
11 3 (0.48%) Oracle General Ledger
12 2 (0.32%) Oracle Applications
12 2 (0.32%) SAP S/4HANA
12 2 (0.32%) Siebel CRM
13 1 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
13 1 (0.16%) Oracle Payroll
13 1 (0.16%) SAP HR
13 1 (0.16%) SAP Payroll
13 1 (0.16%) SAP SD
13 1 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 123 (19.55%) Azure
2 73 (11.61%) AWS
3 35 (5.56%) SaaS
4 33 (5.25%) Serverless
5 25 (3.97%) AWS Lambda
6 21 (3.34%) GitHub
7 20 (3.18%) GCP
8 17 (2.70%) OpenShift
9 15 (2.38%) npm
9 15 (2.38%) PaaS
10 9 (1.43%) AWS Step Functions
11 7 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
11 7 (1.11%) Power Platform
12 6 (0.95%) Amazon S3
12 6 (0.95%) BlazeMeter
12 6 (0.95%) Firebase
12 6 (0.95%) Yarn
13 5 (0.79%) Amazon ECS
13 5 (0.79%) Amazon SQS
14 4 (0.64%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 22 (3.50%) SNMP
2 21 (3.34%) HTTP
3 11 (1.75%) Firewall
4 9 (1.43%) DOCSIS
4 9 (1.43%) TCP/IP
5 8 (1.27%) Internet
5 8 (1.27%) Wireless
6 6 (0.95%) Wireshark
7 5 (0.79%) 802.11
7 5 (0.79%) Broadband
7 5 (0.79%) DSL
7 5 (0.79%) Ethernet
7 5 (0.79%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.79%) IPv4
7 5 (0.79%) IPv6
7 5 (0.79%) Telnet
7 5 (0.79%) UPnP
7 5 (0.79%) WLAN
7 5 (0.79%) WPA
7 5 (0.79%) WPA2
Database & Business Intelligence
1 150 (23.85%) SQL Server
2 44 (7.00%) Relational Database
3 34 (5.41%) NoSQL
4 27 (4.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 24 (3.82%) MySQL
6 22 (3.50%) MongoDB
6 22 (3.50%) Oracle Database
7 21 (3.34%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 18 (2.86%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (1.75%) Big Data
9 11 (1.75%) RDBMS
10 10 (1.59%) Oracle Database 11g
11 8 (1.27%) Cosmos DB
11 8 (1.27%) Redis
12 7 (1.11%) Data Lake
12 7 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
12 7 (1.11%) Oracle Reports
12 7 (1.11%) PostgreSQL
12 7 (1.11%) Power BI
13 6 (0.95%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 173 (27.50%) Git (software)
2 65 (10.33%) Jenkins
3 52 (8.27%) JIRA
3 52 (8.27%) Team Foundation Server
4 49 (7.79%) TeamCity
5 47 (7.47%) Visual Studio
6 44 (7.00%) Selenium
7 34 (5.41%) Subversion
8 29 (4.61%) Cucumber
9 25 (3.97%) SpecFlow
10 22 (3.50%) Jasmine
10 22 (3.50%) Mockito
11 21 (3.34%) Postman
12 18 (2.86%) SoapUI
13 17 (2.70%) gulp
13 17 (2.70%) Mocha
13 17 (2.70%) Moq
14 16 (2.54%) Octopus Deploy
15 15 (2.38%) JUnit
15 15 (2.38%) NUnit
General
1 102 (16.22%) Finance
2 58 (9.22%) Banking
3 47 (7.47%) Public Sector
4 43 (6.84%) Front Office
5 39 (6.20%) General Ledger
6 27 (4.29%) Investment Banking
7 19 (3.02%) Retail
8 14 (2.23%) Telecoms
9 9 (1.43%) Games
9 9 (1.43%) Marketing
10 7 (1.11%) Back Office
10 7 (1.11%) Electronics
11 6 (0.95%) Manufacturing
12 5 (0.79%) Retail Banking
13 4 (0.64%) Law
14 3 (0.48%) Avionics
14 3 (0.48%) Billing
14 3 (0.48%) Local Government
15 2 (0.32%) Corporate Banking
15 2 (0.32%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 464 (73.77%) Developer
2 93 (14.79%) .NET Developer
3 81 (12.88%) C# Developer
4 73 (11.61%) Java Developer
5 39 (6.20%) Senior Developer
6 36 (5.72%) React Developer
7 34 (5.41%) Software Engineer
8 33 (5.25%) Angular Developer
9 32 (5.09%) Full Stack Developer
9 32 (5.09%) Software Developer
9 32 (5.09%) SQL Developer
10 31 (4.93%) UI Developer
11 28 (4.45%) JavaScript Developer
12 26 (4.13%) C# .NET Developer
12 26 (4.13%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 22 (3.50%) Architect
14 21 (3.34%) Oracle Developer
14 21 (3.34%) WPF Developer
15 20 (3.18%) C# WPF Developer
16 19 (3.02%) Electronic Trading Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 190 (30.21%) .NET
2 153 (24.32%) HTML
3 131 (20.83%) Web Services
4 129 (20.51%) CSS
5 117 (18.60%) REST
6 113 (17.97%) AngularJS
7 100 (15.90%) SOAP
8 91 (14.47%) React
9 76 (12.08%) .NET Framework
10 71 (11.29%) RESTful
11 70 (11.13%) ASP.NET
11 70 (11.13%) Node.js
12 68 (10.81%) HTML5
13 59 (9.38%) Spring
13 59 (9.38%) XML
14 54 (8.59%) JSON
15 48 (7.63%) jQuery
16 46 (7.31%) Entity Framework
16 46 (7.31%) WPF
17 42 (6.68%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 69 (10.97%) User Experience
2 36 (5.72%) Analytical Skills
3 28 (4.45%) Fixed Income
4 14 (2.23%) Enterprise Software
4 14 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
4 14 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
5 12 (1.91%) W3C
6 11 (1.75%) Data Structures
6 11 (1.75%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 10 (1.59%) Reinsurance
8 9 (1.43%) Virtual Team
9 8 (1.27%) Cloud Native
10 7 (1.11%) Mobile App
11 5 (0.79%) Data Centre
11 5 (0.79%) Hedge funds
11 5 (0.79%) IPTV
11 5 (0.79%) Management Information System
11 5 (0.79%) N-Tier
11 5 (0.79%) Public Cloud
12 4 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 72 (11.45%) Windows
2 56 (8.90%) Linux
3 21 (3.34%) Windows Server
4 20 (3.18%) Android
5 16 (2.54%) Apple iOS
6 11 (1.75%) Unix
7 7 (1.11%) Windows 10
8 3 (0.48%) VMS
8 3 (0.48%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.48%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.16%) tvOS
10 1 (0.16%) Windows 7
10 1 (0.16%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 310 (49.28%) Agile Software Development
2 144 (22.89%) Scrum
2 144 (22.89%) TDD
3 121 (19.24%) DevOps
4 115 (18.28%) Continuous Integration
5 102 (16.22%) Test Automation
6 91 (14.47%) Software Engineering
7 74 (11.76%) BDD
7 74 (11.76%) OO
8 70 (11.13%) MVC
9 69 (10.97%) Web Development
10 67 (10.65%) Problem-Solving
11 63 (10.02%) Microservices
12 62 (9.86%) ERP
12 62 (9.86%) Integration Testing
13 61 (9.70%) Migration
14 48 (7.63%) Data Migration
14 48 (7.63%) SDLC
14 48 (7.63%) SOA
15 46 (7.31%) OOP
Programming Languages
1 222 (35.29%) JavaScript
2 220 (34.98%) C#
3 208 (33.07%) SQL
4 178 (28.30%) Java
5 75 (11.92%) Python
6 71 (11.29%) PL/SQL
7 64 (10.17%) Shell Script
8 51 (8.11%) T-SQL
9 47 (7.47%) PowerShell
10 42 (6.68%) C++
11 36 (5.72%) TypeScript
12 30 (4.77%) PHP
13 26 (4.13%) C
14 24 (3.82%) ES6
15 20 (3.18%) Perl
16 18 (2.86%) Java 8
17 14 (2.23%) Kotlin
18 13 (2.07%) Bash Shell
19 11 (1.75%) Apple Swift
19 11 (1.75%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 160 (25.44%) Security Cleared
2 133 (21.14%) SC Cleared
3 54 (8.59%) Degree
4 30 (4.77%) DV Cleared
5 25 (3.97%) Computer Science Degree
6 8 (1.27%) Master's Degree
7 5 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.48%) CCNA
8 3 (0.48%) CCNP
8 3 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
9 2 (0.32%) HND
9 2 (0.32%) ISTQB
9 2 (0.32%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 2 (0.32%) PhD
10 1 (0.16%) CHECK Team Member
10 1 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
10 1 (0.16%) Postgraduate
10 1 (0.16%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 60 (9.54%) QA
2 8 (1.27%) Solvency II
3 6 (0.95%) WCAG
4 3 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.32%) GDPR
5 2 (0.32%) PMO
5 2 (0.32%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.16%) DICOM
6 1 (0.16%) HL7
6 1 (0.16%) MiFID
System Software
1 59 (9.38%) Docker
2 9 (1.43%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.95%) Microsoft App-V
3 6 (0.95%) Virtual Desktop
4 5 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.16%) NFS
Systems Management
1 40 (6.36%) Kubernetes
2 17 (2.70%) Amdocs OSS
2 17 (2.70%) Netcool
2 17 (2.70%) Netcool/OMNIbus
3 16 (2.54%) Ansible
4 9 (1.43%) Terraform
5 7 (1.11%) Puppet
6 6 (0.95%) SCCM
6 6 (0.95%) WSUS
7 5 (0.79%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (0.48%) Consul
8 3 (0.48%) HP ALM
8 3 (0.48%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.48%) MIIS
8 3 (0.48%) Packer
8 3 (0.48%) Rundeck
9 2 (0.32%) HAProxy
9 2 (0.32%) OpenNebula
9 2 (0.32%) ZABBIX
10 1 (0.16%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 143 (22.73%) Oracle
2 126 (20.03%) Microsoft
3 29 (4.61%) IBM
4 23 (3.66%) Google
5 20 (3.18%) Cisco
6 19 (3.02%) SAP
6 19 (3.02%) Siebel
7 17 (2.70%) BMC
7 17 (2.70%) Cramer
7 17 (2.70%) Remedy
7 17 (2.70%) ServiceNow
7 17 (2.70%) xMatters
8 16 (2.54%) Adobe
9 15 (2.38%) DevExpress
9 15 (2.38%) Nokia
9 15 (2.38%) RedGate
10 11 (1.75%) Huawei
11 9 (1.43%) hybris
12 8 (1.27%) Xamarin
13 7 (1.11%) Hyperion