Period
to 20 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 124 139 127
Rank change year-on-year +15 -12 +17
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 1825 1877 1886
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.00% 1.91% 1.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.36% 2.27% 2.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 1334 1270 1291
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £320 £305 £300
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +2.94% +3.03% +4.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 35 9 13
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £31.25 £27.34 £31.80
90th Percentile £58.00 £52.25 £40.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.41% +10.67% -

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 77370 82788 85106
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.70% 84.11% 81.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 51855 55240 56174
England median daily rate £450 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £637 £606 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1782 2118 2469
England median hourly rate £25.00 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +9.09% +15.79%
10th Percentile £11.53 £11.55 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.55
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £23.75 £22.00
% change year-on-year +5.26% +7.95% +12.82%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 951 £500 +5.26% 116
South East +35 319 £450 +22.87% 50
North of England -21 228 £375 -6.25% 42
Midlands +53 155 £350 -6.67% 32
North West +7 132 £375 -6.25% 22
South West +26 115 £350 - 17
East Midlands +18 81 £350 -7.89% 15
West Midlands +46 73 £345 -8.00% 17
Yorkshire -43 71 £375 -9.09% 14
East of England -40 44 £400 +18.52% 25
North East +8 26 £356 -14.67% 6
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 970 (53.15%) Agile Software Development
2 726 (39.78%) JavaScript
3 694 (38.03%) TDD
4 643 (35.23%) Java
5 568 (31.12%) C#
6 552 (30.25%) .NET
7 527 (28.88%) HTML
8 522 (28.60%) SQL
9 481 (26.36%) Git (software)
10 478 (26.19%) CSS
11 450 (24.66%) MVC
12 435 (23.84%) Scrum
13 418 (22.90%) Continuous Integration
14 416 (22.79%) Test Automation
15 352 (19.29%) AngularJS
16 348 (19.07%) Web Services
17 338 (18.52%) SQL Server
18 329 (18.03%) Finance
19 316 (17.32%) BDD
20 301 (16.49%) REST
21 297 (16.27%) RESTful
22 295 (16.16%) ASP.NET
23 292 (16.00%) OO
24 280 (15.34%) HTML5
25 276 (15.12%) Jenkins
26 263 (14.41%) Spring
27 245 (13.42%) jQuery
28 236 (12.93%) Software Engineering
29 231 (12.66%) JUnit
30 221 (12.11%) Linux

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 97 (5.32%) Apache
2 80 (4.38%) Confluence
3 77 (4.22%) CMS
4 75 (4.11%) JBoss
5 70 (3.84%) Apache Spark
6 59 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
6 59 (3.23%) Tomcat
7 58 (3.18%) SharePoint
8 32 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 32 (1.75%) WebLogic
8 32 (1.75%) WebSphere
9 25 (1.37%) Drupal
10 23 (1.26%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 20 (1.10%) Apache Solr
12 19 (1.04%) WebSphere Application Server
13 18 (0.99%) GlassFish
13 18 (0.99%) Umbraco
14 16 (0.88%) iPlanet
14 16 (0.88%) NServiceBus
14 16 (0.88%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 34 (1.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.60%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.49%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
4 8 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 6 (0.33%) Photoshop
5 6 (0.33%) Pipeline Pilot
6 4 (0.22%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.16%) InVision
7 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 3 (0.16%) OmniGraffle
8 1 (0.055%) LaTeX
8 1 (0.055%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 21 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.49%) Magento
3 8 (0.44%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 7 (0.38%) BusinessWorks
4 7 (0.38%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.38%) Temenos T24
5 5 (0.27%) Kondor
5 5 (0.27%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.22%) Adobe Campaign
6 4 (0.22%) Endur
6 4 (0.22%) Hyperion Planning
6 4 (0.22%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.22%) SAP FI/CO
6 4 (0.22%) SDL Web 8
7 3 (0.16%) HFM
7 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
8 2 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.11%) Markit EDM
8 2 (0.11%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 193 (10.58%) Amazon AWS
2 121 (6.63%) Microsoft Azure
3 59 (3.23%) npm
4 57 (3.12%) GitHub
5 27 (1.48%) Cloud Computing
6 26 (1.42%) PaaS
6 26 (1.42%) SaaS
7 17 (0.93%) Serverless
8 13 (0.71%) Office 365
9 12 (0.66%) Firebase
10 11 (0.60%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
12 9 (0.49%) Yarn
13 8 (0.44%) G Suite
13 8 (0.44%) Google Cloud Platform
14 7 (0.38%) Amazon SQS
14 7 (0.38%) IaaS
14 7 (0.38%) OpenShift
15 6 (0.33%) AWS Lambda
16 5 (0.27%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 69 (3.78%) HTTP
2 43 (2.36%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.81%) Internet
4 23 (1.26%) Firewall
5 19 (1.04%) DNS
6 15 (0.82%) SSL
7 11 (0.60%) FTP
7 11 (0.60%) LDAP
8 10 (0.55%) FCoE
8 10 (0.55%) iSCSI
8 10 (0.55%) SAN
8 10 (0.55%) WAN
9 8 (0.44%) Kerberos
10 6 (0.33%) NAS
11 5 (0.27%) ICMP
11 5 (0.27%) SMS
12 4 (0.22%) Bluetooth
13 3 (0.16%) 3G
13 3 (0.16%) Intranet
13 3 (0.16%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 338 (18.52%) SQL Server
2 122 (6.68%) NoSQL
3 113 (6.19%) Relational Database
4 105 (5.75%) MongoDB
5 100 (5.48%) Big Data
6 90 (4.93%) Hadoop
7 80 (4.38%) MySQL
8 77 (4.22%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 68 (3.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 64 (3.51%) Data Warehouse
11 51 (2.79%) RDBMS
12 50 (2.74%) PostgreSQL
13 45 (2.47%) Oracle Database
14 34 (1.86%) Apache Cassandra
15 31 (1.70%) SQL Server 2012
16 30 (1.64%) Apache Hive
17 29 (1.59%) SQL Server 2008
17 29 (1.59%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 22 (1.21%) HBase
18 22 (1.21%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 481 (26.36%) Git (software)
2 276 (15.12%) Jenkins
3 231 (12.66%) JUnit
4 177 (9.70%) JIRA
5 151 (8.27%) Maven
6 126 (6.90%) Mockito
7 107 (5.86%) Selenium
8 106 (5.81%) gulp
9 95 (5.21%) Team Foundation Server
10 92 (5.04%) NUnit
11 91 (4.99%) Subversion
12 89 (4.88%) TeamCity
13 86 (4.71%) Gradle
14 74 (4.05%) Cucumber
15 73 (4.00%) Visual Studio
16 72 (3.95%) Jasmine
17 69 (3.78%) Mocha
18 65 (3.56%) webpack
19 61 (3.34%) Eclipse
19 61 (3.34%) Grunt
General
1 329 (18.03%) Finance
2 213 (11.67%) Banking
3 91 (4.99%) Front Office
4 55 (3.01%) Retail
5 53 (2.90%) Investment Banking
6 44 (2.41%) Publishing
7 31 (1.70%) Marketing
8 24 (1.32%) Back Office
9 20 (1.10%) Games
10 19 (1.04%) Financial Institution
10 19 (1.04%) Law
11 14 (0.77%) Retail Banking
11 14 (0.77%) Telecoms
12 11 (0.60%) Advertising
12 11 (0.60%) Legal
13 9 (0.49%) Manufacturing
14 4 (0.22%) Aerospace
14 4 (0.22%) Billing
14 4 (0.22%) Digital Economy
15 3 (0.16%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 1469 (80.49%) Developer
2 322 (17.64%) Java Developer
3 299 (16.38%) .NET Developer
4 236 (12.93%) Senior Developer
5 210 (11.51%) C# Developer
6 130 (7.12%) JavaScript Developer
7 116 (6.36%) C# .NET Developer
8 103 (5.64%) Full Stack Developer
9 96 (5.26%) SQL Developer
10 77 (4.22%) Android Developer
11 76 (4.16%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
12 75 (4.11%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
13 71 (3.89%) iOS Developer
14 68 (3.73%) ASP.NET Developer
15 59 (3.23%) Senior .NET Developer
16 57 (3.12%) Agile Developer
16 57 (3.12%) Angular Developer
16 57 (3.12%) Software Engineer
17 51 (2.79%) HTML Developer
17 51 (2.79%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 552 (30.25%) .NET
2 527 (28.88%) HTML
3 478 (26.19%) CSS
4 352 (19.29%) AngularJS
5 348 (19.07%) Web Services
6 301 (16.49%) REST
7 297 (16.27%) RESTful
8 295 (16.16%) ASP.NET
9 280 (15.34%) HTML5
10 263 (14.41%) Spring
11 245 (13.42%) jQuery
12 217 (11.89%) Node.js
13 189 (10.36%) React
14 188 (10.30%) CSS3
15 182 (9.97%) ASP.NET Web API
16 181 (9.92%) ASP.NET MVC
17 180 (9.86%) JSON
18 165 (9.04%) XML
19 136 (7.45%) .NET Framework
20 132 (7.23%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 137 (7.51%) User Experience
2 95 (5.21%) Computer Science
3 93 (5.10%) Greenfield Project
4 78 (4.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 78 (4.27%) Mobile App
5 68 (3.73%) Analytical Skills
6 54 (2.96%) Derivative
7 44 (2.41%) Enterprise Software
8 43 (2.36%) Fixed Income
9 41 (2.25%) Fintech
10 30 (1.64%) Data Structures
11 29 (1.59%) Algorithms
12 26 (1.42%) N-Tier
12 26 (1.42%) Virtual Team
13 24 (1.32%) Management Information System
14 22 (1.21%) Client/Server
14 22 (1.21%) Equities
14 22 (1.21%) Linux Command Line
15 21 (1.15%) Data Centre
15 21 (1.15%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 221 (12.11%) Linux
2 138 (7.56%) Unix
3 106 (5.81%) Android
4 100 (5.48%) Apple iOS
5 87 (4.77%) Windows
6 25 (1.37%) Solaris
7 19 (1.04%) SUSE
8 18 (0.99%) AIX
9 17 (0.93%) HPUX
10 14 (0.77%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.60%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 3 (0.16%) Windows Server 2012
13 2 (0.11%) CentOS
13 2 (0.11%) Embedded Linux
13 2 (0.11%) Ubuntu
14 1 (0.055%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
14 1 (0.055%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 970 (53.15%) Agile Software Development
2 694 (38.03%) TDD
3 450 (24.66%) MVC
4 435 (23.84%) Scrum
5 418 (22.90%) Continuous Integration
6 416 (22.79%) Test Automation
7 316 (17.32%) BDD
8 292 (16.00%) OO
9 236 (12.93%) Software Engineering
10 169 (9.26%) Web Development
11 168 (9.21%) DevOps
12 156 (8.55%) Front End Development
13 128 (7.01%) SDLC
14 127 (6.96%) SOLID
15 115 (6.30%) Pair Programming
16 114 (6.25%) Kanban
17 108 (5.92%) E-Commerce
17 108 (5.92%) Microservices
18 102 (5.59%) OOP
19 96 (5.26%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 726 (39.78%) JavaScript
2 643 (35.23%) Java
3 568 (31.12%) C#
4 522 (28.60%) SQL
5 142 (7.78%) Python
6 125 (6.85%) T-SQL
7 121 (6.63%) C++
8 96 (5.26%) Scala
9 95 (5.21%) TypeScript
10 77 (4.22%) ES6
11 76 (4.16%) PL/SQL
12 65 (3.56%) Apple Swift
13 63 (3.45%) Objective-C
14 62 (3.40%) Shell Script
15 59 (3.23%) Bash Shell
16 54 (2.96%) PHP
17 49 (2.68%) Perl
18 43 (2.36%) Ruby
19 38 (2.08%) C
19 38 (2.08%) VBA
Qualifications
1 132 (7.23%) Degree
2 90 (4.93%) Security Cleared
3 65 (3.56%) SC Cleared
4 48 (2.63%) Computer Science Degree
5 25 (1.37%) Master's Degree
6 12 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
7 10 (0.55%) ISEB
7 10 (0.55%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.49%) ISTQB
8 9 (0.49%) PhD
9 5 (0.27%) Siebel Certification
9 5 (0.27%) Sun Certification
10 4 (0.22%) DV Cleared
10 4 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 4 (0.22%) MCITP
10 4 (0.22%) MCTS
11 3 (0.16%) AWS Certification
12 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
12 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
12 2 (0.11%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 160 (8.77%) QA
2 26 (1.42%) MiFID
3 13 (0.71%) Data Quality
4 9 (0.49%) WAI
4 9 (0.49%) WCAG
5 7 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
6 4 (0.22%) Def Stans
6 4 (0.22%) DO-178B
6 4 (0.22%) IEC 61508
7 3 (0.16%) GAAP
7 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.11%) EMIR
8 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.055%) COBIT
9 1 (0.055%) DICOM
9 1 (0.055%) ISO 14001
9 1 (0.055%) ISO 9001
9 1 (0.055%) MISRA
System Software
1 111 (6.08%) Docker
2 30 (1.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 21 (1.15%) HDFS
4 19 (1.04%) Active Directory
5 15 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.71%) Samba
7 9 (0.49%) Hyper-V
7 9 (0.49%) KVM
8 8 (0.44%) Veritas Volume Manager
9 7 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
10 6 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
11 4 (0.22%) Platform Symphony
11 4 (0.22%) Varnish
12 2 (0.11%) LXC
Systems Management
1 56 (3.07%) Ansible
2 53 (2.90%) Puppet
3 50 (2.74%) Opscode Chef
4 36 (1.97%) Terraform
5 23 (1.26%) Oozie
6 16 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
7 14 (0.77%) Kubernetes
8 6 (0.33%) logstash
8 6 (0.33%) OpenView
9 5 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Management
9 5 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 5 (0.27%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.22%) Kibana
10 4 (0.22%) Mesos
11 3 (0.16%) Ambari
11 3 (0.16%) Consul
11 3 (0.16%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 3 (0.16%) WSUS
12 2 (0.11%) HockeyApp
12 2 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 209 (11.45%) Microsoft
2 198 (10.85%) Oracle
3 39 (2.14%) Apple
3 39 (2.14%) IBM
4 35 (1.92%) Google
5 32 (1.75%) Red Hat
6 31 (1.70%) SAP
7 27 (1.48%) Adobe
8 21 (1.15%) HP
8 21 (1.15%) Perforce
9 19 (1.04%) VMware
10 17 (0.93%) Sitecore
10 17 (0.93%) Sybase
11 16 (0.88%) F5
11 16 (0.88%) Sun
12 14 (0.77%) Atlassian
12 14 (0.77%) TIBCO
13 13 (0.71%) Cisco
14 12 (0.66%) Charles River
14 12 (0.66%) Tableau