Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 121 132 138
Rank change year-on-year +11 +6 -2
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 2,076 1,876 1,854
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.18% 1.98% 1.89%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.52% 2.30% 2.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,456 1,376 1,240
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
10th Percentile £345 £325 £306
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £463 £443 £425
% change year-on-year +4.52% +4.12% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 25 9
England median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.47% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £39.90 £31.25 £27.34
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.25 £49.50
UK median hourly rate £49.50 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +16.47% +1.19% +12.00%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 82,398 81,398 83,867
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 86.37% 85.93% 85.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 55,200 54,626 55,738
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £644 £638 £608
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,120 1,938 2,249
England median hourly rate £22.00 £23.11 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.79% +1.19% +3.80%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.83
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.11 £22.50
% change year-on-year -4.79% +2.70% +2.27%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +25 1,142 £525 +5.00% 290
South East -3 333 £445 -1.11% 137
North of England -4 250 £388 +3.33% 133
South West +2 144 £400 +14.29% 80
North West -11 138 £388 - 78
Midlands -31 135 £389 +7.24% 76
Yorkshire +6 94 £400 +3.23% 36
East Midlands +4 87 £375 +7.14% 36
East of England +43 72 £450 +12.50% 72
West Midlands -51 48 £435 +16.00% 40
North East -7 18 £390 +9.47% 19
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1,127 (54.29%) Agile Software Development
2 782 (37.67%) JavaScript
3 759 (36.56%) TDD
4 632 (30.44%) Java
5 604 (29.09%) C#
6 596 (28.71%) .NET
7 576 (27.75%) HTML
8 565 (27.22%) Git (software)
9 539 (25.96%) CSS
10 515 (24.81%) SQL
11 472 (22.74%) Scrum
12 457 (22.01%) Test Automation
13 426 (20.52%) SQL Server
14 420 (20.23%) Continuous Integration
15 419 (20.18%) BDD
16 406 (19.56%) AngularJS
17 366 (17.63%) Finance
18 361 (17.39%) MVC
19 360 (17.34%) Web Services
20 349 (16.81%) Node.js
21 341 (16.43%) Jenkins
22 339 (16.33%) Software Engineering
23 318 (15.32%) RESTful
24 311 (14.98%) REST
25 307 (14.79%) HTML5
26 301 (14.50%) React
27 276 (13.29%) Amazon AWS
28 263 (12.67%) OO
29 260 (12.52%) Spring
30 245 (11.80%) Microsoft Azure

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 137 (6.60%) Confluence
2 110 (5.30%) Apache
3 79 (3.81%) Elasticsearch
4 61 (2.94%) CMS
5 60 (2.89%) Apache Spark
6 59 (2.84%) NServiceBus
7 45 (2.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 41 (1.97%) IIS
9 34 (1.64%) SharePoint
10 29 (1.40%) Tomcat
11 28 (1.35%) WebLogic
12 27 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 25 (1.20%) WebSphere
14 22 (1.06%) JBoss
15 19 (0.92%) Apache Solr
16 15 (0.72%) Umbraco
17 14 (0.67%) Oracle Service Bus
18 12 (0.58%) Mule
18 12 (0.58%) nginx
19 11 (0.53%) Drupal
Applications
1 26 (1.25%) Photoshop
2 16 (0.77%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (0.24%) Adobe Illustrator
3 5 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.19%) Acrobat
4 4 (0.19%) Fireworks
5 3 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 3 (0.14%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
6 2 (0.096%) GIMP
6 2 (0.096%) InVision
6 2 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.048%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 25 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.53%) Endur
3 6 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.24%) Maximo
4 5 (0.24%) Oracle Payables
4 5 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
4 5 (0.24%) SAP CO
4 5 (0.24%) SAP FI
4 5 (0.24%) SAP FI/CO
5 4 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
5 4 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
5 4 (0.19%) Oracle Payroll
5 4 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
5 4 (0.19%) SAP PS
6 3 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
6 3 (0.14%) Magento
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
6 3 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
7 2 (0.096%) Global One
7 2 (0.096%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 276 (13.29%) Amazon AWS
2 245 (11.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 96 (4.62%) Serverless
4 76 (3.66%) AWS Lambda
5 69 (3.32%) npm
6 58 (2.79%) GitHub
7 57 (2.75%) Cloud Computing
8 48 (2.31%) Amazon EC2
9 32 (1.54%) Google Cloud Platform
10 24 (1.16%) Amazon S3
10 24 (1.16%) Dynamics 365
11 23 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
12 19 (0.92%) NuGet
12 19 (0.92%) SaaS
13 18 (0.87%) Azure Functions
14 17 (0.82%) OpenShift
15 14 (0.67%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 14 (0.67%) Amazon Kinesis
15 14 (0.67%) PaaS
15 14 (0.67%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 125 (6.02%) HTTP
2 47 (2.26%) TCP/IP
3 38 (1.83%) Internet
3 38 (1.83%) SSL
4 25 (1.20%) DNS
5 22 (1.06%) FTP
6 16 (0.77%) Intranet
7 13 (0.63%) DHCP
8 12 (0.58%) IPsec
9 10 (0.48%) BIG-IP
10 7 (0.34%) Kerberos
11 6 (0.29%) HTTPS
12 4 (0.19%) AMQP
12 4 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
13 3 (0.14%) Bluetooth
13 3 (0.14%) DLNA
13 3 (0.14%) SMS
13 3 (0.14%) UPnP
13 3 (0.14%) Wireless
14 2 (0.096%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 426 (20.52%) SQL Server
2 121 (5.83%) MySQL
3 105 (5.06%) Relational Database
4 81 (3.90%) Big Data
5 75 (3.61%) MongoDB
6 73 (3.52%) PostgreSQL
7 68 (3.28%) Data Warehouse
8 63 (3.03%) NoSQL
9 59 (2.84%) Hadoop
10 55 (2.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 34 (1.64%) Couchbase
11 34 (1.64%) SQL Server 2012
12 30 (1.45%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 30 (1.45%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 28 (1.35%) HBase
13 28 (1.35%) Oracle Database
14 26 (1.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 25 (1.20%) Power BI
16 24 (1.16%) SQL Server 2008
17 22 (1.06%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 565 (27.22%) Git (software)
2 341 (16.43%) Jenkins
3 212 (10.21%) JIRA
4 194 (9.34%) Selenium
5 158 (7.61%) JUnit
6 145 (6.98%) Maven
7 124 (5.97%) TeamCity
8 104 (5.01%) Mocha
9 99 (4.77%) webpack
10 96 (4.62%) Visual Studio
11 90 (4.34%) Gradle
11 90 (4.34%) Team Foundation Server
12 85 (4.09%) Jasmine
13 83 (4.00%) Mockito
13 83 (4.00%) Subversion
14 74 (3.56%) NUnit
15 72 (3.47%) Octopus Deploy
16 71 (3.42%) SpecFlow
17 68 (3.28%) gulp
18 57 (2.75%) Moq
General
1 366 (17.63%) Finance
2 211 (10.16%) Banking
3 112 (5.39%) Retail
4 95 (4.58%) Front Office
5 56 (2.70%) Investment Banking
6 34 (1.64%) Back Office
7 28 (1.35%) Financial Institution
8 19 (0.92%) Publishing
9 18 (0.87%) Games
10 16 (0.77%) Marketing
11 15 (0.72%) Automotive
12 14 (0.67%) Manufacturing
13 13 (0.63%) Advertising
14 10 (0.48%) Law
14 10 (0.48%) Telecoms
15 9 (0.43%) Aerospace
16 8 (0.39%) Billing
17 7 (0.34%) Retail Banking
18 6 (0.29%) Electronics
19 5 (0.24%) Legal
Job Titles
1 1,614 (77.75%) Developer
2 273 (13.15%) .NET Developer
3 261 (12.57%) Java Developer
4 228 (10.98%) C# Developer
5 196 (9.44%) Senior Developer
6 154 (7.42%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 153 (7.37%) React Developer
8 115 (5.54%) Software Engineer
9 103 (4.96%) JavaScript Developer
10 101 (4.87%) Full Stack Developer
11 90 (4.34%) C# .NET Developer
12 80 (3.85%) Angular Developer
13 72 (3.47%) Software Developer
13 72 (3.47%) SQL Developer
14 69 (3.32%) Android Developer
15 59 (2.84%) iOS Developer
16 55 (2.65%) Analyst
17 53 (2.55%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
18 52 (2.50%) PHP Developer
19 44 (2.12%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 596 (28.71%) .NET
2 576 (27.75%) HTML
3 539 (25.96%) CSS
4 406 (19.56%) AngularJS
5 360 (17.34%) Web Services
6 349 (16.81%) Node.js
7 318 (15.32%) RESTful
8 311 (14.98%) REST
9 307 (14.79%) HTML5
10 301 (14.50%) React
11 260 (12.52%) Spring
12 242 (11.66%) CSS3
13 227 (10.93%) ASP.NET
14 212 (10.21%) .NET Framework
15 195 (9.39%) jQuery
16 188 (9.06%) ASP.NET Web API
17 185 (8.91%) XML
18 166 (8.00%) JSON
19 154 (7.42%) Redux
20 151 (7.27%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 155 (7.47%) User Experience
2 138 (6.65%) Computer Science
3 111 (5.35%) Analytical Skills
4 103 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
5 87 (4.19%) Mobile App
6 71 (3.42%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 60 (2.89%) Fintech
8 59 (2.84%) Enterprise Software
9 49 (2.36%) Linux Command Line
10 48 (2.31%) Derivative
11 38 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
12 36 (1.73%) Data Structures
13 34 (1.64%) Equities
13 34 (1.64%) Fixed Income
14 31 (1.49%) Algorithms
15 29 (1.40%) Hedge funds
16 25 (1.20%) Virtual Team
17 23 (1.11%) N-Tier
18 20 (0.96%) Management Information System
19 18 (0.87%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 190 (9.15%) Linux
2 149 (7.18%) Unix
3 105 (5.06%) Android
4 92 (4.43%) Windows
5 90 (4.34%) Apple iOS
6 26 (1.25%) Embedded Linux
7 23 (1.11%) VMS
8 18 (0.87%) Solaris
9 15 (0.72%) Windows Server
10 11 (0.53%) SUSE
10 11 (0.53%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
11 7 (0.34%) OpenVMS
12 5 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 3 (0.14%) AIX
14 2 (0.096%) MVS
14 2 (0.096%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 1 (0.048%) Android TV
15 1 (0.048%) CentOS
15 1 (0.048%) Debian
15 1 (0.048%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,127 (54.29%) Agile Software Development
2 759 (36.56%) TDD
3 472 (22.74%) Scrum
4 457 (22.01%) Test Automation
5 420 (20.23%) Continuous Integration
6 419 (20.18%) BDD
7 361 (17.39%) MVC
8 339 (16.33%) Software Engineering
9 263 (12.67%) OO
10 240 (11.56%) Microservices
11 223 (10.74%) DevOps
12 218 (10.50%) Front End Development
13 212 (10.21%) Problem-Solving
14 196 (9.44%) SOA
15 184 (8.86%) SDLC
16 148 (7.13%) Pair Programming
17 144 (6.94%) Multithreading
18 140 (6.74%) Web Development
19 132 (6.36%) Kanban
20 111 (5.35%) System Testing
Programming Languages
1 782 (37.67%) JavaScript
2 632 (30.44%) Java
3 604 (29.09%) C#
4 515 (24.81%) SQL
5 214 (10.31%) Python
6 170 (8.19%) C++
7 152 (7.32%) ES6
8 122 (5.88%) T-SQL
9 118 (5.68%) PHP
10 114 (5.49%) C
11 105 (5.06%) TypeScript
12 84 (4.05%) Java 8
13 75 (3.61%) Shell Script
14 72 (3.47%) Scala
15 65 (3.13%) Apple Swift
16 57 (2.75%) Go
17 52 (2.50%) Objective-C
18 49 (2.36%) Groovy
19 41 (1.97%) Perl
20 40 (1.93%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 174 (8.38%) Degree
2 65 (3.13%) Security Cleared
3 57 (2.75%) Computer Science Degree
3 57 (2.75%) SC Cleared
4 26 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
5 18 (0.87%) Master's Degree
6 12 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
7 5 (0.24%) HND
8 4 (0.19%) DBS Check
8 4 (0.19%) ISEB
9 3 (0.14%) AWS Certification
9 3 (0.14%) BC Cleared
9 3 (0.14%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 3 (0.14%) SAS Certification
10 2 (0.096%) DV Cleared
10 2 (0.096%) ISTQB
10 2 (0.096%) Numerate Degree
10 2 (0.096%) PhD
11 1 (0.048%) PMI Certification
11 1 (0.048%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (9.54%) QA
2 6 (0.29%) ISO 20022
2 6 (0.29%) WCAG
3 4 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.19%) IFRS
4 3 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 3 (0.14%) PCI DSS
4 3 (0.14%) PMO
5 2 (0.096%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.096%) HL7
6 1 (0.048%) ARP4754
6 1 (0.048%) DO-178B
6 1 (0.048%) GDPR
6 1 (0.048%) Solvency II
6 1 (0.048%) WAI
System Software
1 220 (10.60%) Docker
2 37 (1.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 18 (0.87%) HDFS
4 9 (0.43%) Active Directory
4 9 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 9 (0.43%) Xen
5 5 (0.24%) Apache Flume
5 5 (0.24%) Microsoft App-V
6 2 (0.096%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 1 (0.048%) Samba
7 1 (0.048%) Squid
7 1 (0.048%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.048%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 93 (4.48%) Kubernetes
2 60 (2.89%) Ansible
3 43 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
3 43 (2.07%) Puppet
4 39 (1.88%) Hadoop YARN
5 21 (1.01%) Terraform
6 18 (0.87%) Oracle Identity Management
6 18 (0.87%) Oracle Identity Manager
7 10 (0.48%) CFEngine
8 9 (0.43%) Single Sign-On
9 6 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
9 6 (0.29%) Oozie
10 5 (0.24%) Kibana
10 5 (0.24%) Salt
11 4 (0.19%) logstash
11 4 (0.19%) Prometheus
12 3 (0.14%) Grafana
12 3 (0.14%) Rancher
13 2 (0.096%) CloudHub
13 2 (0.096%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 243 (11.71%) Microsoft
2 194 (9.34%) Oracle
3 55 (2.65%) Google
4 45 (2.17%) Adobe
5 39 (1.88%) Splunk
6 32 (1.54%) IBM
7 31 (1.49%) Atlassian
8 29 (1.40%) TIBCO
9 20 (0.96%) Zend
10 19 (0.92%) MuleSoft
10 19 (0.92%) SAP
10 19 (0.92%) Sybase
11 18 (0.87%) Okta
11 18 (0.87%) Tableau
12 14 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
13 13 (0.63%) Informatica
13 13 (0.63%) Red Hat
14 12 (0.58%) Perforce
14 12 (0.58%) Sitecore
15 11 (0.53%) F5