Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
UK > England
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 127 140 133
Rank change year-on-year +13 -7 +15
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 1862 1852 1897
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.98% 1.89% 1.81%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.34% 2.24% 2.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 1367 1244 1314
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £325 £308 £300
90th Percentile £613 £575 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 9 16
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £31.25 £27.34 £31.88
90th Percentile £50.25 £49.50 £41.88
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year +1.19% +8.39% +3.33%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79501 82625 86049
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 84.69% 84.18% 81.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 53476 55123 56736
England median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £288 £265 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1856 2135 2506
England median hourly rate £24.00 £24.41 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.68% +8.49% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.38 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £23.63 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -1.56% +6.67% +18.42%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Unit Testing in England over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Unit Testing in England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the England region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London 0 962 £500 +5.26% 80
South East +39 335 £450 +12.50% 44
North of England -10 237 £375 -6.25% 63
Midlands +56 162 £355 -6.58% 34
North West +17 137 £375 -6.25% 38
South West +16 116 £350 -5.41% 11
East Midlands +37 93 £350 -12.50% 18
Yorkshire -39 75 £388 -3.13% 17
West Midlands +48 68 £375 - 16
East of England -53 43 £400 +18.52% 24
North East +22 27 £375 -14.29% 8
Unit Testing
UK

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 1014 (54.46%) Agile Software Development
2 723 (38.83%) TDD
2 723 (38.83%) JavaScript
3 687 (36.90%) Java
4 568 (30.50%) C#
5 542 (29.11%) .NET
6 534 (28.68%) HTML
7 528 (28.36%) SQL
8 465 (24.97%) Git (software)
9 461 (24.76%) Scrum
10 458 (24.60%) CSS
11 445 (23.90%) Test Automation
12 427 (22.93%) Continuous Integration
13 414 (22.23%) MVC
14 387 (20.78%) Web Services
15 366 (19.66%) AngularJS
16 344 (18.47%) SQL Server
16 344 (18.47%) BDD
17 329 (17.67%) Finance
18 314 (16.86%) RESTful
19 302 (16.22%) REST
20 290 (15.57%) OO
21 283 (15.20%) HTML5
22 280 (15.04%) Jenkins
23 279 (14.98%) ASP.NET
24 258 (13.86%) Spring
25 252 (13.53%) Software Engineering
25 252 (13.53%) Linux
26 249 (13.37%) JUnit
27 239 (12.84%) Node.js

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (5.26%) Apache
2 83 (4.46%) CMS
3 78 (4.19%) Confluence
4 75 (4.03%) Apache Spark
5 70 (3.76%) JBoss
6 63 (3.38%) Elasticsearch
7 58 (3.11%) Tomcat
8 57 (3.06%) SharePoint
9 40 (2.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 30 (1.61%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 27 (1.45%) WebLogic
12 24 (1.29%) GlassFish
13 23 (1.24%) Apache Solr
13 23 (1.24%) Umbraco
14 22 (1.18%) Drupal
15 18 (0.97%) WebSphere
16 17 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
16 17 (0.91%) IIS
17 16 (0.86%) iPlanet
17 16 (0.86%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 27 (1.45%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.54%) MS Visio
3 9 (0.48%) Microsoft Office
4 8 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
5 7 (0.38%) Adobe Illustrator
6 6 (0.32%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 6 (0.32%) Pipeline Pilot
7 5 (0.27%) Photoshop
8 3 (0.16%) InVision
8 3 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 3 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
9 2 (0.11%) OmniGraffle
10 1 (0.054%) LaTeX
Business Applications
1 27 (1.45%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.70%) Magento
3 11 (0.59%) Oracle BPM
4 9 (0.48%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 7 (0.38%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.38%) Temenos T24
6 5 (0.27%) Kondor
6 5 (0.27%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.21%) Adobe Campaign
7 4 (0.21%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.21%) Hyperion Planning
7 4 (0.21%) SAP CO
7 4 (0.21%) SAP FI/CO
8 3 (0.16%) HFM
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
8 3 (0.16%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.16%) SunGard Martini
9 2 (0.11%) Endur
9 2 (0.11%) SAP MM
9 2 (0.11%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 211 (11.33%) Amazon AWS
2 127 (6.82%) Microsoft Azure
3 57 (3.06%) npm
4 52 (2.79%) GitHub
5 29 (1.56%) Cloud Computing
6 25 (1.34%) PaaS
6 25 (1.34%) SaaS
7 18 (0.97%) Serverless
8 13 (0.70%) Office 365
9 12 (0.64%) Firebase
10 11 (0.59%) OpenShift
11 9 (0.48%) Amazon EC2
11 9 (0.48%) Amazon S3
11 9 (0.48%) Yarn
12 8 (0.43%) G Suite
13 7 (0.38%) Google Cloud Platform
14 6 (0.32%) Amazon SQS
14 6 (0.32%) IaaS
15 5 (0.27%) AWS Lambda
15 5 (0.27%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 73 (3.92%) HTTP
2 49 (2.63%) TCP/IP
3 28 (1.50%) Internet
4 23 (1.24%) Firewall
5 17 (0.91%) DNS
6 13 (0.70%) FTP
6 13 (0.70%) SSL
7 11 (0.59%) LDAP
8 10 (0.54%) FCoE
8 10 (0.54%) iSCSI
8 10 (0.54%) SAN
8 10 (0.54%) WAN
9 8 (0.43%) Kerberos
10 6 (0.32%) NAS
11 5 (0.27%) SMS
12 4 (0.21%) ICMP
13 3 (0.16%) 3G
13 3 (0.16%) Skype
13 3 (0.16%) VLAN
14 2 (0.11%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 344 (18.47%) SQL Server
2 134 (7.20%) Relational Database
3 127 (6.82%) NoSQL
4 97 (5.21%) Big Data
5 93 (4.99%) MongoDB
6 90 (4.83%) Hadoop
7 77 (4.14%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 71 (3.81%) MySQL
9 68 (3.65%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 67 (3.60%) RDBMS
11 61 (3.28%) Data Warehouse
12 57 (3.06%) PostgreSQL
13 45 (2.42%) Oracle Database
14 39 (2.09%) Apache Cassandra
15 31 (1.66%) SQL Server 2008
15 31 (1.66%) SQL Server 2012
16 29 (1.56%) SQL Server 2016
16 29 (1.56%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 28 (1.50%) SQL Server 2014
18 27 (1.45%) HBase
Development Applications
1 465 (24.97%) Git (software)
2 280 (15.04%) Jenkins
3 249 (13.37%) JUnit
4 170 (9.13%) JIRA
5 161 (8.65%) Maven
6 125 (6.71%) Mockito
7 106 (5.69%) Selenium
8 103 (5.53%) Gradle
9 98 (5.26%) NUnit
10 95 (5.10%) gulp
11 94 (5.05%) TeamCity
12 86 (4.62%) Subversion
13 74 (3.97%) Team Foundation Server
14 72 (3.87%) Eclipse
14 72 (3.87%) Visual Studio
15 67 (3.60%) Cucumber
15 67 (3.60%) webpack
16 66 (3.54%) Mocha
17 63 (3.38%) Jasmine
18 56 (3.01%) IntelliJ
General
1 329 (17.67%) Finance
2 237 (12.73%) Banking
3 90 (4.83%) Front Office
4 62 (3.33%) Investment Banking
5 46 (2.47%) Publishing
5 46 (2.47%) Retail
6 27 (1.45%) Marketing
7 24 (1.29%) Back Office
8 19 (1.02%) Law
9 18 (0.97%) Games
10 15 (0.81%) Financial Institution
10 15 (0.81%) Retail Banking
11 13 (0.70%) Telecoms
12 11 (0.59%) Legal
13 10 (0.54%) Advertising
14 7 (0.38%) Manufacturing
15 3 (0.16%) Automotive
15 3 (0.16%) Billing
15 3 (0.16%) International Banking
16 2 (0.11%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 1512 (81.20%) Developer
2 335 (17.99%) Java Developer
3 271 (14.55%) .NET Developer
4 242 (13.00%) Senior Developer
5 221 (11.87%) C# Developer
6 137 (7.36%) JavaScript Developer
7 108 (5.80%) C# .NET Developer
8 92 (4.94%) SQL Developer
9 84 (4.51%) Full Stack Developer
10 83 (4.46%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 81 (4.35%) iOS Developer
12 76 (4.08%) Android Developer
13 75 (4.03%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
14 66 (3.54%) Software Engineer
15 65 (3.49%) HTML Developer
16 64 (3.44%) Agile Developer
17 61 (3.28%) ASP.NET Developer
18 59 (3.17%) Python Developer
19 56 (3.01%) Senior .NET Developer
20 53 (2.85%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 542 (29.11%) .NET
2 534 (28.68%) HTML
3 458 (24.60%) CSS
4 387 (20.78%) Web Services
5 366 (19.66%) AngularJS
6 314 (16.86%) RESTful
7 302 (16.22%) REST
8 283 (15.20%) HTML5
9 279 (14.98%) ASP.NET
10 258 (13.86%) Spring
11 239 (12.84%) Node.js
12 229 (12.30%) jQuery
13 201 (10.79%) React
14 199 (10.69%) CSS3
15 193 (10.37%) JSON
16 173 (9.29%) ASP.NET Web API
17 164 (8.81%) ASP.NET MVC
18 156 (8.38%) XML
19 140 (7.52%) .NET Framework
20 135 (7.25%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 152 (8.16%) User Experience
2 87 (4.67%) Greenfield Project
3 81 (4.35%) Computer Science
4 79 (4.24%) Mobile App
5 71 (3.81%) Analytical Skills
6 70 (3.76%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 58 (3.11%) Derivative
8 55 (2.95%) Enterprise Software
9 48 (2.58%) Fintech
10 45 (2.42%) Fixed Income
11 31 (1.66%) Virtual Team
12 28 (1.50%) Data Structures
13 27 (1.45%) Algorithms
13 27 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
13 27 (1.45%) N-Tier
14 24 (1.29%) iPad
15 23 (1.24%) Management Information System
16 22 (1.18%) iPhone
17 21 (1.13%) Data Centre
18 20 (1.07%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 252 (13.53%) Linux
2 147 (7.89%) Unix
3 117 (6.28%) Apple iOS
4 109 (5.85%) Android
5 92 (4.94%) Windows
6 24 (1.29%) Solaris
7 18 (0.97%) AIX
7 18 (0.97%) SUSE
8 17 (0.91%) HPUX
9 16 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 13 (0.70%) Windows Server
11 11 (0.59%) Mac OS
12 9 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 7 (0.38%) CentOS
14 3 (0.16%) Embedded Linux
15 1 (0.054%) Fedora
15 1 (0.054%) Windows 10
15 1 (0.054%) Windows Embedded Compact
15 1 (0.054%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1014 (54.46%) Agile Software Development
2 723 (38.83%) TDD
3 461 (24.76%) Scrum
4 445 (23.90%) Test Automation
5 427 (22.93%) Continuous Integration
6 414 (22.23%) MVC
7 344 (18.47%) BDD
8 290 (15.57%) OO
9 252 (13.53%) Software Engineering
10 160 (8.59%) Web Development
11 158 (8.49%) Front End Development
12 147 (7.89%) DevOps
13 134 (7.20%) SDLC
14 122 (6.55%) Kanban
15 113 (6.07%) OOP
16 112 (6.02%) Microservices
16 112 (6.02%) SOLID
17 111 (5.96%) Pair Programming
18 107 (5.75%) E-Commerce
19 96 (5.16%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 723 (38.83%) JavaScript
2 687 (36.90%) Java
3 568 (30.50%) C#
4 528 (28.36%) SQL
5 160 (8.59%) Python
6 133 (7.14%) T-SQL
7 128 (6.87%) C++
8 98 (5.26%) Scala
9 85 (4.56%) TypeScript
10 83 (4.46%) PL/SQL
11 78 (4.19%) ES6
12 77 (4.14%) Apple Swift
13 74 (3.97%) Objective-C
14 60 (3.22%) PHP
15 58 (3.11%) Shell Script
16 53 (2.85%) Bash Shell
17 48 (2.58%) Perl
18 44 (2.36%) Ruby
19 40 (2.15%) C
19 40 (2.15%) VBA
Qualifications
1 126 (6.77%) Degree
2 82 (4.40%) Security Cleared
3 58 (3.11%) SC Cleared
4 45 (2.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (1.24%) Master's Degree
6 15 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
7 12 (0.64%) PhD
8 9 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
9 8 (0.43%) ISEB
10 7 (0.38%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.27%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.21%) DV Cleared
12 4 (0.21%) MCITP
12 4 (0.21%) MCTS
13 3 (0.16%) AWS Certification
13 3 (0.16%) Siebel Certification
14 2 (0.11%) DBS Check
14 2 (0.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
14 2 (0.11%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 150 (8.06%) QA
2 21 (1.13%) MiFID
3 15 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 10 (0.54%) WAI
5 9 (0.48%) WCAG
6 7 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
7 3 (0.16%) EMIR
7 3 (0.16%) GAAP
7 3 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 2 (0.11%) IEC 62304
8 2 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 1 (0.054%) COBIT
9 1 (0.054%) DICOM
9 1 (0.054%) ISO 14001
9 1 (0.054%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 119 (6.39%) Docker
2 36 (1.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 26 (1.40%) HDFS
4 18 (0.97%) Active Directory
5 14 (0.75%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.70%) Samba
7 8 (0.43%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.43%) KVM
7 8 (0.43%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 7 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
9 6 (0.32%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.16%) Platform Symphony
10 3 (0.16%) Varnish
11 2 (0.11%) LXC
Systems Management
1 71 (3.81%) Ansible
2 65 (3.49%) Puppet
3 58 (3.11%) Opscode Chef
4 37 (1.99%) Terraform
5 19 (1.02%) Kubernetes
6 18 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
7 15 (0.81%) Oozie
8 6 (0.32%) OpenView
9 5 (0.27%) logstash
9 5 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Management
9 5 (0.27%) Oracle Identity Manager
9 5 (0.27%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.21%) Kibana
10 4 (0.21%) Mesos
11 3 (0.16%) Ambari
11 3 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
12 2 (0.11%) BladeLogic
12 2 (0.11%) Forefront Identity Manager
12 2 (0.11%) Icinga
12 2 (0.11%) Nagios
Vendors
1 221 (11.87%) Oracle
2 209 (11.22%) Microsoft
3 40 (2.15%) Apple
4 37 (1.99%) Red Hat
5 36 (1.93%) Perforce
6 35 (1.88%) IBM
7 33 (1.77%) Adobe
8 32 (1.72%) Google
9 28 (1.50%) HP
9 28 (1.50%) SAP
10 20 (1.07%) Sybase
11 19 (1.02%) Coverity
12 17 (0.91%) TIBCO
12 17 (0.91%) VMware
13 16 (0.86%) Atlassian
13 16 (0.86%) DevExpress
13 16 (0.86%) Sitecore
13 16 (0.86%) Sun
14 13 (0.70%) Cisco
14 13 (0.70%) F5