Period
to 21 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 21 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 608 610 615
Rank change year-on-year +2 +5 +32
Contract jobs citing PhD 57 46 55
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.10% 0.085% 0.096%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.49% 0.41% 0.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 27 25 33
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £550 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +18.92% +12.12%
10th Percentile £320 £300 £232
90th Percentile £588 £641 £825
UK median daily rate £600 £620 £600
% change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 0
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £24.90 -
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £33.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year +33.33% -26.67% +65.59%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,746 11,114 13,607
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 21.18% 20.63% 23.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,630 6,433 8,390
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +0.65%
10th Percentile £240 £206 £230
90th Percentile £575 £553 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 723 719 715
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.50 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.64% - +9.74%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £12.13
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.63
UK median hourly rate £25.31 £26.25 £26.00
% change year-on-year -3.58% +0.96% +4.00%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK excluding London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK excluding London

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK excluding London

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK excluding London

PhD
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -1 19 £550 - 42
North of England +4 13 £538 +13.16% 17
East of England -2 12 £329 -40.22% 67
Yorkshire -2 10 £525 +31.25% 6
Midlands -10 6 £425 -32.00% 8
Scotland -14 4 £450 -10.00% 11
North West -21 3 £575 +4.55% 5
West Midlands -21 3 £350 -44.00% 4
East Midlands - 3 £463 - 4
Wales -27 2 - - 1
South West -15 1 £525 - 14
PhD
UK

For the 6 months to 21 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for PhD.

1 39 (68.42%) Python
2 35 (61.40%) Machine Learning
3 33 (57.89%) Data Science
4 31 (54.39%) Computer Science
5 23 (40.35%) Mathematics
6 21 (36.84%) R
7 18 (31.58%) Natural Language Processing
8 17 (29.82%) Artificial Intelligence
9 16 (28.07%) Degree
9 16 (28.07%) Algorithms
10 15 (26.32%) Statistics
11 14 (24.56%) Deep Learning
12 13 (22.81%) Analytical Skills
12 13 (22.81%) SQL
13 12 (21.05%) Analytics
14 11 (19.30%) Linux
14 11 (19.30%) Visualisation
14 11 (19.30%) Hadoop
15 10 (17.54%) C++
15 10 (17.54%) MATLAB
15 10 (17.54%) Random Forest
16 9 (15.79%) Finance
17 8 (14.04%) Java
17 8 (14.04%) Physics
17 8 (14.04%) Master's Degree
17 8 (14.04%) Support Vector Machines
17 8 (14.04%) Big Data
18 7 (12.28%) Data Quality
18 7 (12.28%) Amazon AWS
18 7 (12.28%) Cloud Computing

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 5 (8.77%) Apache Spark
2 3 (5.26%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (3.51%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 1 (1.75%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 7 (12.28%) Amazon AWS
1 7 (12.28%) Cloud Computing
2 3 (5.26%) Google Cloud Platform
3 2 (3.51%) Amazon EC2
3 2 (3.51%) Amazon EMR
3 2 (3.51%) Amazon S3
3 2 (3.51%) IaaS
3 2 (3.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 2 (3.51%) PaaS
4 1 (1.75%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 4 (7.02%) Wireless
2 2 (3.51%) 3G
2 2 (3.51%) 3GPP
2 2 (3.51%) 5G
2 2 (3.51%) Internet
2 2 (3.51%) LTE
2 2 (3.51%) MIMO
2 2 (3.51%) Radio Access Network
2 2 (3.51%) VoLTE
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (19.30%) Hadoop
2 8 (14.04%) Big Data
3 6 (10.53%) MongoDB
4 5 (8.77%) Apache Cassandra
5 4 (7.02%) HBase
5 4 (7.02%) NoSQL
5 4 (7.02%) Sqoop
6 3 (5.26%) Data Mining
6 3 (5.26%) KNIME
6 3 (5.26%) Relational Database
7 2 (3.51%) RDBMS
8 1 (1.75%) Apache Hive
8 1 (1.75%) Cloudera CDH
8 1 (1.75%) Impala
8 1 (1.75%) OLAP
Development Applications
1 2 (3.51%) Git (software)
1 2 (3.51%) JIRA
1 2 (3.51%) Visual Studio
General
1 9 (15.79%) Finance
2 5 (8.77%) Marketing
3 4 (7.02%) Banking
3 4 (7.02%) Law
4 3 (5.26%) Arabic Language
4 3 (5.26%) Games
4 3 (5.26%) Hindi Language
5 2 (3.51%) Indonesian Language
5 2 (3.51%) Investment Banking
5 2 (3.51%) Malayalam Language
5 2 (3.51%) Pharmaceutical
5 2 (3.51%) Tamil Language
6 1 (1.75%) Electronics
6 1 (1.75%) Italian Language
6 1 (1.75%) Publishing
6 1 (1.75%) Retail
6 1 (1.75%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 31 (54.39%) Data Scientist
2 4 (7.02%) Developer
2 4 (7.02%) Senior Data Scientist
3 2 (3.51%) Architect
3 2 (3.51%) C# Developer
3 2 (3.51%) C# WPF Developer
3 2 (3.51%) Machine Learning Scientist
3 2 (3.51%) MATLAB Developer
3 2 (3.51%) OSS Architect
3 2 (3.51%) OSS Solutions Architect
3 2 (3.51%) Research Manager
3 2 (3.51%) Software Engineer
3 2 (3.51%) Solutions Architect
3 2 (3.51%) WPF Developer
4 1 (1.75%) Electronics Engineer
4 1 (1.75%) Integration Engineer
4 1 (1.75%) Junior
4 1 (1.75%) Programme Manager
4 1 (1.75%) Project Manager
4 1 (1.75%) Software Integration Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (31.58%) Natural Language Processing
2 6 (10.53%) TensorFlow
3 4 (7.02%) Kafka
3 4 (7.02%) scikit-learn
4 3 (5.26%) OpenGL
4 3 (5.26%) OpenGL ES
4 3 (5.26%) SpaCy
5 2 (3.51%) .NET Framework
5 2 (3.51%) Bokeh
5 2 (3.51%) CoreNLP
5 2 (3.51%) DirectX
5 2 (3.51%) ggplot
5 2 (3.51%) Pandas
5 2 (3.51%) Seaborn
5 2 (3.51%) Silverlight
5 2 (3.51%) Theano
5 2 (3.51%) Vulkan
5 2 (3.51%) WCF
5 2 (3.51%) WinForms
5 2 (3.51%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 31 (54.39%) Computer Science
2 16 (28.07%) Algorithms
3 13 (22.81%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (8.77%) Virtual Team
5 3 (5.26%) GPGPU
6 2 (3.51%) CUDA
6 2 (3.51%) Data Centre
6 2 (3.51%) Life Science
6 2 (3.51%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (1.75%) CMDB
7 1 (1.75%) Hedge funds
7 1 (1.75%) Photography
7 1 (1.75%) PMI
7 1 (1.75%) Renewable Energy
7 1 (1.75%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 11 (19.30%) Linux
2 5 (8.77%) Android
2 5 (8.77%) Unix
3 2 (3.51%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 35 (61.40%) Machine Learning
2 33 (57.89%) Data Science
3 23 (40.35%) Mathematics
4 17 (29.82%) Artificial Intelligence
5 15 (26.32%) Statistics
6 14 (24.56%) Deep Learning
7 12 (21.05%) Analytics
8 11 (19.30%) Visualisation
9 10 (17.54%) Random Forest
10 8 (14.04%) Physics
10 8 (14.04%) Support Vector Machines
11 6 (10.53%) Applied Mathematics
11 6 (10.53%) Bayesian Methods
11 6 (10.53%) Convolutional Neural Network
11 6 (10.53%) Naive Bayes
11 6 (10.53%) Neural Network
11 6 (10.53%) Prototyping
12 5 (8.77%) Agile Software Development
12 5 (8.77%) Mentoring
12 5 (8.77%) Reinforcement Learning
Programming Languages
1 39 (68.42%) Python
2 21 (36.84%) R
3 13 (22.81%) SQL
4 10 (17.54%) C++
4 10 (17.54%) MATLAB
5 8 (14.04%) Java
6 7 (12.28%) C
7 4 (7.02%) Bash Shell
7 4 (7.02%) C#
7 4 (7.02%) Perl
8 3 (5.26%) Scala
9 1 (1.75%) Fortran
Qualifications
1 16 (28.07%) Degree
2 8 (14.04%) Master's Degree
3 3 (5.26%) Security Cleared
4 2 (3.51%) Numerate Degree
4 2 (3.51%) SC Cleared
5 1 (1.75%) PgMP
5 1 (1.75%) PMI Certification
5 1 (1.75%) PMP
5 1 (1.75%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (12.28%) Data Quality
2 5 (8.77%) QA
System Software
1 4 (7.02%) Apache Flume
2 2 (3.51%) Docker
3 1 (1.75%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 2 (3.51%) Kubernetes
1 2 (3.51%) Netcool
1 2 (3.51%) NSN NetAct
1 2 (3.51%) OpenView
1 2 (3.51%) TeMIP
Vendors
1 4 (7.02%) Hortonworks
2 3 (5.26%) Google
3 2 (3.51%) Dataiku
3 2 (3.51%) Facebook
3 2 (3.51%) Tableau
4 1 (1.75%) BMC
4 1 (1.75%) Intel
4 1 (1.75%) Microsoft
4 1 (1.75%) Nokia
4 1 (1.75%) Remedy
4 1 (1.75%) SAP
4 1 (1.75%) VMware