Period
to 18 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 18 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
18 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 15 11 12
Rank change year-on-year -4 +1 +7
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,449 4,583 5,303
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 8.08% 8.84% 8.89%
As % of the Operating Systems category 38.05% 41.58% 38.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,625 2,742 3,365
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +6.45%
10th Percentile £309 £305 £283
90th Percentile £575 £563 £550
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 161 169 154
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.50 £25.00 £19.23
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.05 £49.25
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,691 11,021 13,670
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 21.24% 21.25% 22.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,485 6,282 8,044
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £380 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +1.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £150 £163 £189
90th Percentile £544 £538 £525
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,183 919 1,021
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.17 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.03% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.00 £47.50 £43.28
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% +1.69%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 18 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -2 1,547 £460 +8.24% 512
North of England -4 979 £425 - 400
East of England +1 522 £445 +4.09% 299
South West +4 478 £475 +15.15% 266
Midlands -2 468 £425 +2.72% 203
North West -8 392 £450 +5.88% 218
Yorkshire -2 385 £425 -5.56% 149
Scotland -17 352 £425 - 104
West Midlands -2 295 £438 -7.89% 127
North East +4 204 £400 +14.29% 33
East Midlands -3 170 £400 +14.29% 76
Wales -4 84 £438 +10.34% 46
Northern Ireland -19 26 £412 -3.06% 22
Channel Islands - 1 £175 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,469 (33.02%) Windows
2 1,383 (31.09%) DevOps
3 1,323 (29.74%) Agile Software Development
4 1,207 (27.13%) Python
5 1,158 (26.03%) Unix
6 1,156 (25.98%) Java
7 1,108 (24.90%) Jenkins
8 1,049 (23.58%) Git (software)
9 977 (21.96%) Amazon AWS
10 952 (21.40%) Ansible
11 941 (21.15%) Puppet
12 839 (18.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 831 (18.68%) Docker
14 819 (18.41%) Oracle
15 778 (17.49%) SQL
16 719 (16.16%) Security Cleared
17 716 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
18 701 (15.76%) Red Hat
19 666 (14.97%) VMware
20 647 (14.54%) Configuration Management
21 605 (13.60%) JavaScript
22 586 (13.17%) Bash Shell
23 560 (12.59%) SC Cleared
24 553 (12.43%) Terraform
25 540 (12.14%) Microsoft Azure
26 533 (11.98%) Microsoft
27 531 (11.94%) Test Automation
28 509 (11.44%) Finance
29 499 (11.22%) Opscode Chef
30 487 (10.95%) Perl

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 377 (8.47%) Apache
2 213 (4.79%) Confluence
3 212 (4.77%) Tomcat
4 179 (4.02%) nginx
5 172 (3.87%) JBoss
6 129 (2.90%) Elasticsearch
7 127 (2.85%) WebSphere
8 120 (2.70%) WebLogic
9 118 (2.65%) IIS
10 111 (2.49%) Apache Spark
11 85 (1.91%) OpenStack
12 77 (1.73%) MS Exchange
13 70 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 63 (1.42%) SharePoint
15 47 (1.06%) WebSphere Application Server
16 40 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
17 32 (0.72%) Tuxedo
18 31 (0.70%) Oracle Service Bus
19 30 (0.67%) Jetty
20 28 (0.63%) GemFire
Applications
1 76 (1.71%) Microsoft Office
2 33 (0.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (0.49%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
5 9 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 6 (0.13%) Simulink
7 3 (0.067%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.067%) SPSS
8 2 (0.045%) CATIA
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
9 1 (0.022%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.022%) HipChat
9 1 (0.022%) Houdini
9 1 (0.022%) Maya
9 1 (0.022%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 36 (0.81%) Remedy ITSM
2 26 (0.58%) Magento
3 19 (0.43%) Oracle Applications
4 16 (0.36%) Siebel CRM
5 14 (0.31%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 14 (0.31%) Oracle Utilities
6 10 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
7 9 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.13%) Remedy AR System
10 5 (0.11%) ENOVIA
11 4 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
11 4 (0.090%) Oracle EBS R12
11 4 (0.090%) Payment Gateway
12 3 (0.067%) Oracle ERP
12 3 (0.067%) TIBCO iProcess
12 3 (0.067%) Towers Watson Igloo
13 2 (0.045%) Dynamics AX
13 2 (0.045%) SAP ERP
13 2 (0.045%) SAP GTS
Cloud Services
1 977 (21.96%) Amazon AWS
2 540 (12.14%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (4.00%) GitHub
4 158 (3.55%) Amazon EC2
5 142 (3.19%) IaaS
6 141 (3.17%) AWS CloudFormation
7 136 (3.06%) PaaS
8 121 (2.72%) Google Cloud Platform
9 110 (2.47%) OpenShift
10 103 (2.32%) Office 365
11 94 (2.11%) Amazon S3
12 74 (1.66%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 64 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
14 61 (1.37%) Amazon ELB
15 59 (1.33%) Route 53
16 58 (1.30%) Serverless
17 57 (1.28%) SaaS
18 51 (1.15%) Google Analytics
19 40 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
19 40 (0.90%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 383 (8.61%) Firewall
2 362 (8.14%) TCP/IP
3 321 (7.22%) HTTP
4 289 (6.50%) DNS
5 196 (4.41%) SSL
6 182 (4.09%) SAN
7 116 (2.61%) VPN
8 108 (2.43%) DHCP
9 97 (2.18%) WAN
10 94 (2.11%) Internet
11 87 (1.96%) LAN
12 86 (1.93%) Network Security
13 69 (1.55%) FTP
14 59 (1.33%) SSH
15 56 (1.26%) NAS
15 56 (1.26%) SNMP
16 49 (1.10%) IPsec
17 48 (1.08%) Wireless
18 46 (1.03%) VoIP
19 45 (1.01%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 459 (10.32%) MySQL
2 347 (7.80%) SQL Server
3 301 (6.77%) Relational Database
4 293 (6.59%) MongoDB
5 268 (6.02%) PostgreSQL
6 227 (5.10%) NoSQL
7 225 (5.06%) Hadoop
8 219 (4.92%) Big Data
9 211 (4.74%) Oracle Database
10 135 (3.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 98 (2.20%) Oracle Database 11g
12 92 (2.07%) RDBMS
13 88 (1.98%) DB2
14 83 (1.87%) Redis
15 71 (1.60%) HBase
16 68 (1.53%) Data Warehouse
16 68 (1.53%) Oracle Database 12c
17 51 (1.15%) Amazon RDS
18 49 (1.10%) Oracle Reports
19 46 (1.03%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,108 (24.90%) Jenkins
2 1,049 (23.58%) Git (software)
3 391 (8.79%) JIRA
4 226 (5.08%) Selenium
5 211 (4.74%) Subversion
6 180 (4.05%) Cucumber
7 176 (3.96%) Maven
8 156 (3.51%) JUnit
9 133 (2.99%) Bitbucket
10 129 (2.90%) Sonatype Nexus
11 127 (2.85%) Eclipse
12 116 (2.61%) GitLab
13 103 (2.32%) Artifactory
14 92 (2.07%) Ant
15 87 (1.96%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 85 (1.91%) IntelliJ
17 84 (1.89%) TeamCity
18 81 (1.82%) Vagrant
19 80 (1.80%) SonarQube
20 65 (1.46%) SoapUI
General
1 509 (11.44%) Finance
2 151 (3.39%) Banking
3 120 (2.70%) Telecoms
4 61 (1.37%) Retail
5 60 (1.35%) Marketing
6 53 (1.19%) Electronics
6 53 (1.19%) Manufacturing
7 39 (0.88%) Law
8 37 (0.83%) Aerospace
9 27 (0.61%) Automotive
9 27 (0.61%) Financial Institution
10 22 (0.49%) Back Office
10 22 (0.49%) Military
11 20 (0.45%) Legal
12 16 (0.36%) Publishing
13 12 (0.27%) Games
13 12 (0.27%) Mandarin Language
14 11 (0.25%) Advertising
14 11 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
15 10 (0.22%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 996 (22.39%) Developer
2 852 (19.15%) DevOps Engineer
3 297 (6.68%) Linux Engineer
4 293 (6.59%) Architect
5 285 (6.41%) Java Developer
6 282 (6.34%) Administrator
7 250 (5.62%) Software Engineer
8 243 (5.46%) Analyst
9 215 (4.83%) AWS Engineer
10 194 (4.36%) AWS DevOps
11 181 (4.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
12 179 (4.02%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 173 (3.89%) Systems Administrator
14 147 (3.30%) Consultant
14 147 (3.30%) Python Developer
15 142 (3.19%) Cloud Engineer
16 132 (2.97%) Linux Administrator
17 128 (2.88%) Support Engineer
18 118 (2.65%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 108 (2.43%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 455 (10.23%) Web Services
2 386 (8.68%) HTML
3 336 (7.55%) CSS
4 314 (7.06%) REST
5 305 (6.86%) Spring
6 303 (6.81%) JSON
6 303 (6.81%) Middleware
7 255 (5.73%) RESTful
8 243 (5.46%) XML
9 241 (5.42%) Node.js
10 225 (5.06%) AngularJS
11 212 (4.77%) SOAP
12 187 (4.20%) .NET
13 180 (4.05%) Kafka
14 161 (3.62%) Elastic Stack
15 158 (3.55%) J2EE
16 151 (3.39%) RabbitMQ
17 141 (3.17%) jQuery
18 131 (2.94%) Spring Boot
19 126 (2.83%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 277 (6.23%) Analytical Skills
2 202 (4.54%) Data Centre
3 162 (3.64%) Computer Science
4 139 (3.12%) Linux Command Line
5 125 (2.81%) Self-Motivation
6 120 (2.70%) Clustering
7 100 (2.25%) Management Information System
8 93 (2.09%) Enterprise Software
9 87 (1.96%) Public Cloud
10 78 (1.75%) PKI
11 73 (1.64%) Greenfield Project
11 73 (1.64%) Replication
12 63 (1.42%) User Experience
13 45 (1.01%) Virtual Team
14 44 (0.99%) Private Cloud
15 43 (0.97%) Mainframe
16 41 (0.92%) Algorithms
17 37 (0.83%) Client/Server
18 36 (0.81%) Cloud Native
19 27 (0.61%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 1,469 (33.02%) Windows
2 1,158 (26.03%) Unix
3 839 (18.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 417 (9.37%) Windows Server
5 334 (7.51%) CentOS
6 217 (4.88%) Solaris
7 198 (4.45%) AIX
8 189 (4.25%) Ubuntu
9 128 (2.88%) Windows Server 2012
10 90 (2.02%) Windows Server 2008
11 62 (1.39%) Android
12 58 (1.30%) Windows 7
13 56 (1.26%) Embedded Linux
14 53 (1.19%) Windows 10
15 52 (1.17%) Windows Server 2003
16 49 (1.10%) Debian
16 49 (1.10%) SUSE
17 43 (0.97%) Mac OS X
18 40 (0.90%) Apple iOS
19 37 (0.83%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,383 (31.09%) DevOps
2 1,323 (29.74%) Agile Software Development
3 716 (16.09%) Continuous Integration
4 647 (14.54%) Configuration Management
5 531 (11.94%) Test Automation
6 455 (10.23%) Scrum
7 443 (9.96%) Software Engineering
8 442 (9.93%) Problem-Solving
9 412 (9.26%) Open Source
10 408 (9.17%) TDD
11 343 (7.71%) ITIL
12 291 (6.54%) BDD
12 291 (6.54%) Microservices
13 253 (5.69%) Deployment Automation
14 227 (5.10%) Infrastructure Engineering
15 225 (5.06%) Continuous Delivery
16 218 (4.90%) Migration
17 195 (4.38%) Analytics
18 192 (4.32%) Change Management
19 181 (4.07%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,207 (27.13%) Python
2 1,156 (25.98%) Java
3 778 (17.49%) SQL
4 605 (13.60%) JavaScript
5 586 (13.17%) Bash Shell
6 487 (10.95%) Perl
7 389 (8.74%) Ruby
8 375 (8.43%) Shell Script
9 345 (7.75%) C++
10 313 (7.04%) PowerShell
11 279 (6.27%) C
12 252 (5.66%) PHP
13 229 (5.15%) C#
14 145 (3.26%) Scala
15 127 (2.85%) Groovy
16 110 (2.47%) PL/SQL
17 83 (1.87%) Go
18 53 (1.19%) Embedded C
19 49 (1.10%) Java 8
20 48 (1.08%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 719 (16.16%) Security Cleared
2 560 (12.59%) SC Cleared
3 307 (6.90%) Degree
4 96 (2.16%) DV Cleared
5 54 (1.21%) Computer Science Degree
6 53 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
6 53 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 48 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
8 46 (1.03%) CISSP
9 41 (0.92%) ISTQB
10 37 (0.83%) ISEB
11 36 (0.81%) CCNA
11 36 (0.81%) MCSE
12 34 (0.76%) CCNP
13 32 (0.72%) RHCE
14 30 (0.67%) AWS Certification
15 28 (0.63%) ITIL Certification
16 26 (0.58%) CISM
17 21 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
18 15 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 121 (2.72%) QA
2 91 (2.05%) SLA
3 49 (1.10%) GCP
4 41 (0.92%) GDPR
5 37 (0.83%) Data Quality
6 27 (0.61%) PCI DSS
7 19 (0.43%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 17 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 12 (0.27%) FINRA
9 12 (0.27%) PMO
10 11 (0.25%) JSP 440
11 8 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
11 8 (0.18%) HMG Infosec
11 8 (0.18%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 8 (0.18%) ISO 9001
12 6 (0.13%) HIPAA
12 6 (0.13%) MISRA
13 5 (0.11%) RMADS
14 4 (0.090%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 4 (0.090%) COBIT
System Software
1 831 (18.68%) Docker
2 406 (9.13%) VMware Infrastructure
3 391 (8.79%) Active Directory
4 108 (2.43%) Virtual Machines
5 98 (2.20%) VMware ESXi
6 94 (2.11%) Hyper-V
7 81 (1.82%) vSphere
8 68 (1.53%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 54 (1.21%) HDFS
10 50 (1.12%) Oracle RAC
10 50 (1.12%) Xen
11 49 (1.10%) XenApp
12 47 (1.06%) NFS
13 42 (0.94%) Virtual Servers
14 33 (0.74%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 28 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
16 24 (0.54%) Apache Flume
16 24 (0.54%) XenDesktop
17 23 (0.52%) Firmware
18 22 (0.49%) KVM
Systems Management
1 952 (21.40%) Ansible
2 941 (21.15%) Puppet
3 553 (12.43%) Terraform
4 499 (11.22%) Opscode Chef
5 382 (8.59%) Kubernetes
6 133 (2.99%) Nagios
7 112 (2.52%) Packer
8 105 (2.36%) Grafana
9 99 (2.23%) SCCM
10 94 (2.11%) Kibana
11 80 (1.80%) SCOM
12 59 (1.33%) Salt
13 51 (1.15%) Red Hat Satellite
14 49 (1.10%) HAProxy
15 46 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
15 46 (1.03%) Prometheus
16 45 (1.01%) NetBackup
17 43 (0.97%) SELinux
17 43 (0.97%) vCenter Server
18 41 (0.92%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 819 (18.41%) Oracle
2 701 (15.76%) Red Hat
3 666 (14.97%) VMware
4 533 (11.98%) Microsoft
5 253 (5.69%) IBM
6 224 (5.03%) Cisco
7 212 (4.77%) Google
8 174 (3.91%) Splunk
9 166 (3.73%) HP
10 155 (3.48%) Citrix
11 112 (2.52%) NetApp
12 73 (1.64%) Atlassian
13 66 (1.48%) Remedy
14 65 (1.46%) McAfee
15 62 (1.39%) Veritas
16 61 (1.37%) CheckPoint
17 60 (1.35%) CA
18 57 (1.28%) F5
19 56 (1.26%) SAP
20 55 (1.24%) Sun