Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 11 12
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +8
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,664 4,592 4,834
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 8.35% 8.56% 8.71%
As % of the Operating Systems category 37.96% 40.85% 39.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,701 2,807 3,061
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £311 £305 £285
90th Percentile £588 £588 £560
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 152 194 169
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.81 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.64% +4.51% +6.67%
10th Percentile £26.01 £25.00 £15.75
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 12,287 11,242 12,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 22.00% 20.96% 21.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,923 6,499 7,132
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £365
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +2.74% +0.83%
10th Percentile £148 £150 £165
90th Percentile £550 £550 £525
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,149 986 1,059
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £16.71 £15.36
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.23% +8.79% -4.03%
10th Percentile £10.92 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £17.46 £17.50 £16.25
% change year-on-year -0.21% +7.69% -1.52%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -8 1,372 £450 - 467
North of England -5 1,005 £450 +5.88% 377
South West +13 672 £475 +15.15% 256
East of England +3 573 £450 +12.50% 305
Midlands -4 480 £425 - 204
Scotland 0 441 £425 - 60
North West -3 426 £450 +4.65% 207
Yorkshire -1 416 £425 -10.05% 140
West Midlands -9 320 £403 -10.56% 104
North East -2 170 £450 +13.21% 30
East Midlands -3 154 £445 +18.60% 99
Wales -14 92 £425 +4.62% 52
Northern Ireland 0 38 £425 -4.49% 19
South Coast - 2 - -
Isle of Man - 2 - - 1
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,552 (33.28%) Windows
2 1,526 (32.72%) DevOps
3 1,460 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
4 1,248 (26.76%) Python
5 1,196 (25.64%) Unix
6 1,166 (25.00%) Java
7 1,153 (24.72%) Amazon AWS
8 1,140 (24.44%) Jenkins
9 1,110 (23.80%) Git (software)
10 1,065 (22.83%) Ansible
11 984 (21.10%) Puppet
12 905 (19.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 904 (19.38%) Docker
14 873 (18.72%) SQL
15 818 (17.54%) Security Cleared
16 805 (17.26%) Oracle
17 795 (17.05%) Red Hat
18 711 (15.24%) Configuration Management
19 709 (15.20%) Continuous Integration
20 675 (14.47%) VMware
21 638 (13.68%) SC Cleared
22 596 (12.78%) Bash Shell
23 587 (12.59%) Test Automation
24 581 (12.46%) JavaScript
25 550 (11.79%) Perl
26 542 (11.62%) Terraform
27 538 (11.54%) Microsoft
28 526 (11.28%) Finance
29 510 (10.93%) Software Engineering
30 507 (10.87%) MySQL

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 395 (8.47%) Apache
2 308 (6.60%) Confluence
3 228 (4.89%) Tomcat
4 213 (4.57%) nginx
5 175 (3.75%) JBoss
6 127 (2.72%) WebSphere
7 117 (2.51%) IIS
8 97 (2.08%) WebLogic
9 96 (2.06%) Elasticsearch
10 92 (1.97%) Apache Spark
11 88 (1.89%) OpenStack
12 78 (1.67%) MS Exchange
12 78 (1.67%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 52 (1.11%) SharePoint
14 33 (0.71%) Tuxedo
15 29 (0.62%) Cloud Foundry
16 28 (0.60%) Jetty
17 27 (0.58%) Mongrel
18 20 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
19 19 (0.41%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 51 (1.09%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (0.56%) Microsoft Excel
3 17 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 9 (0.19%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 8 (0.17%) Chatbot
6 6 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.11%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.11%) Simulink
8 3 (0.064%) HipChat
8 3 (0.064%) SPSS
9 2 (0.043%) Houdini
9 2 (0.043%) Maya
9 2 (0.043%) NUKE
10 1 (0.021%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.021%) CATIA
10 1 (0.021%) Fireworks
10 1 (0.021%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.021%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 37 (0.79%) Remedy ITSM
2 17 (0.36%) Magento
2 17 (0.36%) Oracle BPM
3 9 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
3 9 (0.19%) Oracle Utilities
3 9 (0.19%) Siebel CRM
4 8 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
6 6 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
6 6 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
6 6 (0.13%) Remedy AR System
7 5 (0.11%) HFM
7 5 (0.11%) Maximo
8 4 (0.086%) Dynamics AX
8 4 (0.086%) Oracle Cash Management
8 4 (0.086%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.064%) ENOVIA
9 3 (0.064%) Oracle EBS R12
9 3 (0.064%) SAP Hybris
9 3 (0.064%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 1,153 (24.72%) Amazon AWS
2 492 (10.55%) Microsoft Azure
3 223 (4.78%) Amazon EC2
3 223 (4.78%) GitHub
4 188 (4.03%) IaaS
5 167 (3.58%) PaaS
6 157 (3.37%) AWS CloudFormation
7 132 (2.83%) Cloud Computing
8 127 (2.72%) Amazon S3
9 122 (2.62%) Google Cloud Platform
10 121 (2.59%) OpenShift
11 106 (2.27%) Office 365
12 104 (2.23%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 92 (1.97%) Route 53
14 82 (1.76%) Serverless
15 73 (1.57%) SaaS
16 62 (1.33%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 57 (1.22%) Amazon ELB
18 56 (1.20%) Google Analytics
19 52 (1.11%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 422 (9.05%) Firewall
2 408 (8.75%) TCP/IP
3 367 (7.87%) HTTP
4 341 (7.31%) DNS
5 220 (4.72%) SSL
6 177 (3.80%) SAN
7 149 (3.19%) VPN
8 134 (2.87%) DHCP
9 127 (2.72%) WAN
10 126 (2.70%) LAN
11 116 (2.49%) Internet
12 73 (1.57%) Network Security
13 68 (1.46%) IPsec
14 66 (1.42%) FTP
14 66 (1.42%) NAS
15 65 (1.39%) Wireless
16 60 (1.29%) VoIP
17 55 (1.18%) Wi-Fi
18 53 (1.14%) VLAN
19 52 (1.11%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 507 (10.87%) MySQL
2 390 (8.36%) SQL Server
3 347 (7.44%) MongoDB
4 296 (6.35%) Relational Database
5 288 (6.17%) PostgreSQL
6 245 (5.25%) Big Data
7 244 (5.23%) Hadoop
8 241 (5.17%) NoSQL
9 195 (4.18%) Oracle Database
10 94 (2.02%) Amazon RDS
11 91 (1.95%) RDBMS
12 89 (1.91%) Apache Cassandra
13 71 (1.52%) DB2
14 65 (1.39%) HBase
15 64 (1.37%) Oracle Database 11g
16 62 (1.33%) MariaDB
16 62 (1.33%) Oracle Database 12c
17 48 (1.03%) Apache Hive
18 45 (0.96%) Redis
19 44 (0.94%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1,140 (24.44%) Jenkins
2 1,110 (23.80%) Git (software)
3 485 (10.40%) JIRA
4 301 (6.45%) Subversion
5 229 (4.91%) Selenium
6 211 (4.52%) Maven
7 188 (4.03%) Cucumber
8 185 (3.97%) JUnit
9 182 (3.90%) GitLab
10 155 (3.32%) Sonatype Nexus
11 121 (2.59%) Artifactory
12 108 (2.32%) Eclipse
13 105 (2.25%) Ant
14 99 (2.12%) Bitbucket
15 89 (1.91%) Visual Studio
16 88 (1.89%) IntelliJ
17 81 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 73 (1.57%) SonarQube
19 69 (1.48%) TeamCity
20 66 (1.42%) Gradle
General
1 526 (11.28%) Finance
2 160 (3.43%) Banking
3 130 (2.79%) Telecoms
4 67 (1.44%) Manufacturing
5 65 (1.39%) Electronics
6 59 (1.27%) Marketing
7 55 (1.18%) Retail
8 51 (1.09%) Aerospace
9 47 (1.01%) Law
10 31 (0.66%) Automotive
11 25 (0.54%) Military
12 22 (0.47%) Financial Institution
13 21 (0.45%) Back Office
14 18 (0.39%) Publishing
15 15 (0.32%) Billing
15 15 (0.32%) Games
15 15 (0.32%) Legal
15 15 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
16 14 (0.30%) Investment Banking
17 10 (0.21%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 969 (20.78%) Developer
2 866 (18.57%) DevOps Engineer
3 341 (7.31%) Architect
4 314 (6.73%) Administrator
5 311 (6.67%) Linux Engineer
6 307 (6.58%) Java Developer
7 260 (5.57%) AWS Engineer
8 241 (5.17%) Software Engineer
9 238 (5.10%) Analyst
10 215 (4.61%) AWS DevOps
11 195 (4.18%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 184 (3.95%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 170 (3.64%) Systems Administrator
14 138 (2.96%) Consultant
15 136 (2.92%) Linux Administrator
16 132 (2.83%) Cloud Engineer
17 113 (2.42%) Linux/Unix DevOps
17 113 (2.42%) Support Engineer
18 111 (2.38%) DBA
19 102 (2.19%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 369 (7.91%) Web Services
2 358 (7.68%) JSON
3 348 (7.46%) HTML
3 348 (7.46%) Spring
4 311 (6.67%) REST
5 309 (6.63%) Middleware
6 279 (5.98%) XML
7 278 (5.96%) Node.js
8 276 (5.92%) CSS
9 242 (5.19%) SOAP
10 241 (5.17%) RESTful
11 213 (4.57%) AngularJS
12 204 (4.37%) Elastic Stack
13 178 (3.82%) .NET
14 169 (3.62%) J2EE
15 164 (3.52%) jQuery
16 156 (3.34%) Kafka
16 156 (3.34%) RabbitMQ
17 135 (2.89%) Spring Boot
18 129 (2.77%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 316 (6.78%) Analytical Skills
2 209 (4.48%) Data Centre
3 139 (2.98%) Management Information System
3 139 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
4 136 (2.92%) Linux Command Line
5 113 (2.42%) Public Cloud
6 111 (2.38%) Clustering
7 77 (1.65%) Hybrid Cloud
8 74 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
9 70 (1.50%) PKI
9 70 (1.50%) Replication
10 57 (1.22%) User Experience
11 55 (1.18%) Virtual Team
12 54 (1.16%) Greenfield Project
13 47 (1.01%) Cloud Native
13 47 (1.01%) Private Cloud
14 43 (0.92%) Mobile App
15 42 (0.90%) Mainframe
16 41 (0.88%) Algorithms
16 41 (0.88%) Cyberthreat
Operating Systems
1 1,552 (33.28%) Windows
2 1,196 (25.64%) Unix
3 905 (19.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 431 (9.24%) Windows Server
5 401 (8.60%) CentOS
6 223 (4.78%) Solaris
7 197 (4.22%) Ubuntu
8 147 (3.15%) AIX
9 108 (2.32%) Windows Server 2012
10 85 (1.82%) Embedded Linux
11 84 (1.80%) Windows Server 2008
12 52 (1.11%) Windows 7
13 51 (1.09%) Debian
14 50 (1.07%) Android
15 47 (1.01%) Mac OS X
15 47 (1.01%) SUSE
16 42 (0.90%) Oracle Linux
17 41 (0.88%) Windows 10
18 33 (0.71%) Windows Server 2003
19 30 (0.64%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,526 (32.72%) DevOps
2 1,460 (31.30%) Agile Software Development
3 711 (15.24%) Configuration Management
4 709 (15.20%) Continuous Integration
5 587 (12.59%) Test Automation
6 510 (10.93%) Software Engineering
7 493 (10.57%) Problem-Solving
8 487 (10.44%) Scrum
9 433 (9.28%) Open Source
10 379 (8.13%) TDD
11 375 (8.04%) ITIL
12 315 (6.75%) Microservices
13 300 (6.43%) Migration
14 263 (5.64%) Continuous Delivery
15 257 (5.51%) BDD
16 243 (5.21%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 234 (5.02%) Kanban
18 231 (4.95%) Deployment Automation
19 201 (4.31%) SDLC
20 183 (3.92%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,248 (26.76%) Python
2 1,166 (25.00%) Java
3 873 (18.72%) SQL
4 596 (12.78%) Bash Shell
5 581 (12.46%) JavaScript
6 550 (11.79%) Perl
7 408 (8.75%) Ruby
8 397 (8.51%) Shell Script
9 352 (7.55%) C++
10 335 (7.18%) PowerShell
11 284 (6.09%) C
12 243 (5.21%) C#
13 241 (5.17%) PHP
14 163 (3.49%) Scala
15 112 (2.40%) Groovy
16 95 (2.04%) Go
17 94 (2.02%) PL/SQL
18 83 (1.78%) Java 8
19 56 (1.20%) R
20 55 (1.18%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 818 (17.54%) Security Cleared
2 638 (13.68%) SC Cleared
3 343 (7.35%) Degree
4 142 (3.04%) DV Cleared
5 75 (1.61%) Cisco Certification
5 75 (1.61%) Computer Science Degree
6 71 (1.52%) BPSS Clearance
7 54 (1.16%) CCNA
8 51 (1.09%) AWS Certification
9 49 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
10 47 (1.01%) CISSP
11 38 (0.81%) CCNP
11 38 (0.81%) ISTQB
12 35 (0.75%) MCSE
13 34 (0.73%) CISM
14 29 (0.62%) RHCE
15 25 (0.54%) ISEB
16 24 (0.51%) ITIL Certification
17 16 (0.34%) CREST Certified
17 16 (0.34%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 114 (2.44%) QA
2 77 (1.65%) SLA
3 51 (1.09%) GDPR
4 37 (0.79%) PCI DSS
5 33 (0.71%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 28 (0.60%) Data Quality
7 27 (0.58%) JSP 440
8 24 (0.51%) HMG Infosec
8 24 (0.51%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 24 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 23 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
10 19 (0.41%) FINRA
11 9 (0.19%) ISO 9001
12 8 (0.17%) COBIT
12 8 (0.17%) ISAE 3402
12 8 (0.17%) ISO 22301
12 8 (0.17%) ISO 31000
12 8 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 5 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
13 5 (0.11%) MISRA
System Software
1 904 (19.38%) Docker
2 408 (8.75%) Active Directory
3 388 (8.32%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (2.38%) Virtual Machines
5 95 (2.04%) vSphere
6 91 (1.95%) VMware ESXi
7 82 (1.76%) Hyper-V
8 78 (1.67%) Oracle RAC
9 64 (1.37%) NFS
10 62 (1.33%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 60 (1.29%) HDFS
12 53 (1.14%) XenApp
13 50 (1.07%) Virtual Servers
14 47 (1.01%) Xen
15 39 (0.84%) Firmware
16 37 (0.79%) XenDesktop
17 32 (0.69%) KVM
18 21 (0.45%) Microsoft Virtual Server
18 21 (0.45%) Postfix
18 21 (0.45%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1,065 (22.83%) Ansible
2 984 (21.10%) Puppet
3 542 (11.62%) Terraform
4 466 (9.99%) Opscode Chef
5 423 (9.07%) Kubernetes
6 135 (2.89%) Grafana
7 132 (2.83%) Nagios
8 112 (2.40%) SCCM
9 88 (1.89%) Kibana
10 87 (1.87%) SCOM
11 85 (1.82%) Packer
12 76 (1.63%) Prometheus
13 69 (1.48%) ZABBIX
14 63 (1.35%) Hadoop YARN
14 63 (1.35%) Salt
15 62 (1.33%) Red Hat Satellite
16 53 (1.14%) Docker Swarm
17 52 (1.11%) HAProxy
18 49 (1.05%) NetBackup
19 48 (1.03%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 805 (17.26%) Oracle
2 795 (17.05%) Red Hat
3 675 (14.47%) VMware
4 538 (11.54%) Microsoft
5 283 (6.07%) Cisco
6 263 (5.64%) Google
7 224 (4.80%) IBM
8 148 (3.17%) HP
9 141 (3.02%) Splunk
10 131 (2.81%) Citrix
11 114 (2.44%) NetApp
12 102 (2.19%) Atlassian
13 76 (1.63%) SAP
14 74 (1.59%) ServiceNow
15 73 (1.57%) EMC
16 72 (1.54%) McAfee
17 64 (1.37%) BMC
17 64 (1.37%) Cloudera
18 63 (1.35%) Remedy
19 57 (1.22%) Sybase