Period
to 24 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 24 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
24 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 12 12 13
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +6
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,466 4,486 5,566
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 8.41% 9.10% 9.18%
As % of the Operating Systems category 39.58% 42.24% 38.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,716 2,794 3,523
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £307 £300 £280
90th Percentile £575 £565 £550
UK median daily rate £490 £460 £435
% change year-on-year +6.52% +5.75% +5.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 154 132 208
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -4.76% +12.00%
10th Percentile £12.75 £23.75 £20.00
90th Percentile £56.75 £51.25 £52.25
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +16.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 11,283 10,621 14,367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 21.26% 21.53% 23.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,428 6,148 8,283
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £163 £171 £188
90th Percentile £538 £538 £525
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,050 901 1,080
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £15.86 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.88% -3.88% +4.76%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £46.28 £45.00 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £17.47 £16.50 £17.00
% change year-on-year +5.85% -2.94% +5.20%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 24 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK excluding London

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 24 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -2 1,656 £463 +8.82% 530
North of England -2 1,088 £420 -1.18% 372
Midlands -1 519 £440 +3.53% 198
Yorkshire -2 460 £425 -3.41% 126
North West -4 425 £440 +3.53% 208
South West +5 390 £450 +4.65% 246
East of England -1 368 £425 -5.56% 272
Scotland -15 335 £415 +3.75% 97
West Midlands -7 292 £460 -3.16% 131
East Midlands +12 224 £410 +16.98% 66
North East +2 203 £365 -5.19% 38
Wales -17 95 £421 -6.39% 43
Northern Ireland -35 20 £455 +8.33% 27
South Coast +1 3 £500 -
Channel Islands - 1 £175 - 1
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 24 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,378 (30.86%) Windows
2 1,363 (30.52%) DevOps
3 1,325 (29.67%) Agile Software Development
4 1,146 (25.66%) Unix
5 1,145 (25.64%) Java
5 1,145 (25.64%) Python
6 1,123 (25.15%) Jenkins
7 1,023 (22.91%) Git (software)
8 920 (20.60%) Puppet
9 896 (20.06%) Amazon AWS
10 855 (19.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 844 (18.90%) Oracle
12 827 (18.52%) Ansible
13 776 (17.38%) Docker
14 747 (16.73%) SQL
14 747 (16.73%) Red Hat
15 711 (15.92%) Continuous Integration
16 694 (15.54%) Security Cleared
17 651 (14.58%) Configuration Management
18 606 (13.57%) Bash Shell
19 604 (13.52%) JavaScript
20 552 (12.36%) VMware
21 545 (12.20%) SC Cleared
22 537 (12.02%) Microsoft Azure
23 526 (11.78%) Web Services
24 513 (11.49%) Test Automation
25 508 (11.37%) Microsoft
26 498 (11.15%) Opscode Chef
27 494 (11.06%) Finance
28 440 (9.85%) Scrum

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 378 (8.46%) Apache
2 221 (4.95%) Confluence
3 198 (4.43%) Tomcat
4 165 (3.69%) JBoss
5 147 (3.29%) Apache Spark
6 130 (2.91%) WebSphere
7 127 (2.84%) Elasticsearch
7 127 (2.84%) nginx
8 125 (2.80%) WebLogic
9 121 (2.71%) IIS
10 107 (2.40%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 80 (1.79%) OpenStack
12 58 (1.30%) MS Exchange
13 57 (1.28%) WebSphere Application Server
14 47 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
15 42 (0.94%) Oracle Service Bus
16 40 (0.90%) SharePoint
17 31 (0.69%) GemFire
18 29 (0.65%) CMS
18 29 (0.65%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 68 (1.52%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (0.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 24 (0.54%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
5 10 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
7 4 (0.090%) Simulink
8 3 (0.067%) HipChat
8 3 (0.067%) Photoshop
9 2 (0.045%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.022%) CATIA
10 1 (0.022%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 28 (0.63%) Oracle Applications
2 27 (0.60%) Magento
3 25 (0.56%) Siebel CRM
4 21 (0.47%) Oracle Utilities
5 13 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
6 12 (0.27%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
7 9 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.18%) BusinessWorks
8 8 (0.18%) Dynamics CRM
9 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.11%) Oracle EBS R12
9 5 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
10 3 (0.067%) ENOVIA
10 3 (0.067%) TIBCO iProcess
11 2 (0.045%) Oracle ERP
11 2 (0.045%) Remedy AR System
11 2 (0.045%) SAP BPC
11 2 (0.045%) SAP Business ByDesign
11 2 (0.045%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 896 (20.06%) Amazon AWS
2 537 (12.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 183 (4.10%) PaaS
4 168 (3.76%) GitHub
5 167 (3.74%) IaaS
6 134 (3.00%) Amazon EC2
7 127 (2.84%) AWS CloudFormation
8 123 (2.75%) OpenShift
9 102 (2.28%) Google Cloud Platform
10 87 (1.95%) Office 365
11 78 (1.75%) Amazon S3
12 77 (1.72%) SaaS
13 72 (1.61%) Serverless
14 64 (1.43%) Slack
15 57 (1.28%) Cloud Computing
16 54 (1.21%) AWS Lambda
17 41 (0.92%) Amazon ELB
17 41 (0.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 35 (0.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 34 (0.76%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 373 (8.35%) Firewall
2 287 (6.43%) TCP/IP
3 236 (5.28%) HTTP
4 210 (4.70%) DNS
5 178 (3.99%) SAN
6 139 (3.11%) SSL
7 103 (2.31%) Network Security
8 94 (2.10%) VPN
9 90 (2.02%) WAN
10 85 (1.90%) DHCP
11 71 (1.59%) FTP
12 70 (1.57%) Internet
13 67 (1.50%) SMS
14 62 (1.39%) LAN
15 58 (1.30%) SNMP
16 53 (1.19%) SSH
17 49 (1.10%) Kerberos
18 46 (1.03%) Wireless
19 45 (1.01%) VLAN
20 38 (0.85%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 414 (9.27%) MySQL
2 348 (7.79%) SQL Server
3 345 (7.73%) Relational Database
4 290 (6.49%) PostgreSQL
5 271 (6.07%) Big Data
6 262 (5.87%) Oracle Database
7 238 (5.33%) Hadoop
8 235 (5.26%) MongoDB
9 186 (4.16%) NoSQL
10 137 (3.07%) Apache Cassandra
11 115 (2.58%) Oracle Database 11g
12 109 (2.44%) RDBMS
13 97 (2.17%) HBase
14 95 (2.13%) Redis
15 94 (2.10%) DB2
16 88 (1.97%) Apache Hive
17 83 (1.86%) Oracle Database 12c
18 71 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
19 55 (1.23%) Oracle Reports
20 53 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,123 (25.15%) Jenkins
2 1,023 (22.91%) Git (software)
3 425 (9.52%) JIRA
4 204 (4.57%) Selenium
4 204 (4.57%) Subversion
5 186 (4.16%) Maven
6 176 (3.94%) Sonatype Nexus
7 168 (3.76%) Cucumber
8 128 (2.87%) JUnit
9 118 (2.64%) Eclipse
10 114 (2.55%) Bitbucket
11 109 (2.44%) TeamCity
12 104 (2.33%) Artifactory
13 99 (2.22%) Vagrant
14 84 (1.88%) Ant
15 77 (1.72%) Gradle
16 76 (1.70%) GitLab
17 67 (1.50%) SoapUI
18 66 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 60 (1.34%) SonarQube
General
1 494 (11.06%) Finance
2 138 (3.09%) Banking
3 128 (2.87%) Telecoms
4 61 (1.37%) Marketing
5 54 (1.21%) Electronics
6 49 (1.10%) Retail
7 46 (1.03%) Manufacturing
8 37 (0.83%) Law
9 25 (0.56%) Back Office
10 23 (0.52%) Publishing
11 20 (0.45%) Aerospace
11 20 (0.45%) Automotive
11 20 (0.45%) Games
11 20 (0.45%) Military
12 16 (0.36%) Financial Institution
12 16 (0.36%) Legal
13 12 (0.27%) German Language
14 11 (0.25%) French Language
15 10 (0.22%) Investment Banking
15 10 (0.22%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 1,029 (23.04%) Developer
2 878 (19.66%) DevOps Engineer
3 313 (7.01%) Java Developer
4 299 (6.70%) Linux Engineer
5 297 (6.65%) Administrator
6 260 (5.82%) Architect
7 235 (5.26%) AWS Engineer
8 229 (5.13%) Analyst
9 228 (5.11%) Software Engineer
10 200 (4.48%) AWS DevOps
11 195 (4.37%) Consultant
12 193 (4.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
13 187 (4.19%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 165 (3.69%) Systems Administrator
15 158 (3.54%) Python Developer
16 145 (3.25%) Cloud Engineer
17 140 (3.13%) Linux Administrator
18 132 (2.96%) Linux/Unix DevOps
19 130 (2.91%) DBA
20 112 (2.51%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 526 (11.78%) Web Services
2 383 (8.58%) REST
3 378 (8.46%) HTML
4 312 (6.99%) CSS
5 301 (6.74%) Middleware
6 290 (6.49%) Spring
7 288 (6.45%) JSON
8 254 (5.69%) RESTful
9 247 (5.53%) Node.js
10 240 (5.37%) XML
11 207 (4.64%) SOAP
12 193 (4.32%) .NET
13 187 (4.19%) AngularJS
13 187 (4.19%) Kafka
14 166 (3.72%) RabbitMQ
15 147 (3.29%) J2EE
16 137 (3.07%) Elastic Stack
17 122 (2.73%) jQuery
18 115 (2.58%) Django
19 109 (2.44%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 325 (7.28%) Analytical Skills
2 203 (4.55%) Data Centre
3 181 (4.05%) Linux Command Line
4 144 (3.22%) Computer Science
5 130 (2.91%) Enterprise Software
6 111 (2.49%) Greenfield Project
7 109 (2.44%) Clustering
8 104 (2.33%) Management Information System
9 80 (1.79%) Replication
9 80 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
10 69 (1.55%) Public Cloud
11 65 (1.46%) User Experience
12 60 (1.34%) Virtual Team
13 45 (1.01%) Client/Server
14 43 (0.96%) PKI
15 41 (0.92%) Mainframe
16 37 (0.83%) Algorithms
17 30 (0.67%) Private Cloud
18 27 (0.60%) Hybrid Cloud
19 23 (0.52%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 1,378 (30.86%) Windows
2 1,146 (25.66%) Unix
3 855 (19.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 367 (8.22%) Windows Server
5 254 (5.69%) CentOS
6 245 (5.49%) AIX
6 245 (5.49%) Solaris
7 149 (3.34%) Ubuntu
8 114 (2.55%) Windows Server 2012
9 73 (1.63%) HPUX
10 69 (1.55%) SUSE
11 65 (1.46%) Windows 10
12 63 (1.41%) Windows 7
13 62 (1.39%) Windows Server 2008
14 54 (1.21%) Android
15 53 (1.19%) Mac OS X
16 46 (1.03%) Debian
17 43 (0.96%) Embedded Linux
17 43 (0.96%) Windows Server 2003
18 39 (0.87%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,363 (30.52%) DevOps
2 1,325 (29.67%) Agile Software Development
3 711 (15.92%) Continuous Integration
4 651 (14.58%) Configuration Management
5 513 (11.49%) Test Automation
6 440 (9.85%) Scrum
7 437 (9.79%) Open Source
8 436 (9.76%) TDD
9 428 (9.58%) Problem-Solving
10 387 (8.67%) Software Engineering
11 341 (7.64%) ITIL
12 287 (6.43%) BDD
13 259 (5.80%) Continuous Delivery
14 249 (5.58%) Microservices
15 235 (5.26%) Deployment Automation
16 216 (4.84%) Web Development
17 210 (4.70%) SDLC
18 205 (4.59%) OO
19 194 (4.34%) Migration
20 190 (4.25%) Change Management
Programming Languages
1 1,145 (25.64%) Java
1 1,145 (25.64%) Python
2 747 (16.73%) SQL
3 606 (13.57%) Bash Shell
4 604 (13.52%) JavaScript
5 408 (9.14%) Ruby
6 400 (8.96%) Shell Script
7 398 (8.91%) Perl
8 295 (6.61%) C++
9 276 (6.18%) C
10 261 (5.84%) PowerShell
11 257 (5.75%) PHP
12 174 (3.90%) C#
13 141 (3.16%) Scala
14 117 (2.62%) PL/SQL
15 101 (2.26%) Groovy
16 74 (1.66%) Java 8
17 64 (1.43%) Go
18 47 (1.05%) Embedded C
19 46 (1.03%) Korn
Qualifications
1 694 (15.54%) Security Cleared
2 545 (12.20%) SC Cleared
3 302 (6.76%) Degree
4 72 (1.61%) DV Cleared
5 54 (1.21%) BPSS Clearance
6 49 (1.10%) ISEB
7 48 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
8 45 (1.01%) ISTQB
9 37 (0.83%) AWS Certification
9 37 (0.83%) Cisco Certification
10 35 (0.78%) CISSP
11 34 (0.76%) Microsoft Certification
12 31 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 30 (0.67%) RHCE
14 27 (0.60%) MCSE
15 23 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
16 22 (0.49%) CCNA
16 22 (0.49%) CCNP
17 21 (0.47%) ISEB Practitioner
18 19 (0.43%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 122 (2.73%) QA
2 88 (1.97%) SLA
3 46 (1.03%) GCP
4 41 (0.92%) Data Quality
5 25 (0.56%) GDPR
6 24 (0.54%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 21 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 17 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
9 14 (0.31%) PMO
10 9 (0.20%) ISO 9001
11 8 (0.18%) RMADS
12 6 (0.13%) HIPAA
13 5 (0.11%) COBIT
13 5 (0.11%) Cyber Essentials
13 5 (0.11%) TickIT
14 4 (0.090%) GPG13
14 4 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 4 (0.090%) JSP 440
15 3 (0.067%) ECSS
System Software
1 776 (17.38%) Docker
2 327 (7.32%) Active Directory
2 327 (7.32%) VMware Infrastructure
3 112 (2.51%) Virtual Machines
4 92 (2.06%) Hyper-V
5 87 (1.95%) HDFS
6 86 (1.93%) vSphere
7 82 (1.84%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 81 (1.81%) VMware ESXi
9 46 (1.03%) Xen
10 41 (0.92%) Apache Flume
10 41 (0.92%) NFS
11 37 (0.83%) Virtual Servers
12 36 (0.81%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 34 (0.76%) XenApp
14 27 (0.60%) Oracle RAC
15 26 (0.58%) KVM
16 23 (0.52%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 23 (0.52%) Virtual Desktop
17 19 (0.43%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 920 (20.60%) Puppet
2 827 (18.52%) Ansible
3 498 (11.15%) Opscode Chef
4 438 (9.81%) Terraform
5 299 (6.70%) Kubernetes
6 113 (2.53%) Nagios
7 107 (2.40%) Packer
8 90 (2.02%) SCCM
9 68 (1.52%) Salt
10 63 (1.41%) Kibana
11 61 (1.37%) Hadoop YARN
12 58 (1.30%) HP ALM
12 58 (1.30%) SCOM
13 55 (1.23%) Tivoli
14 54 (1.21%) Grafana
15 45 (1.01%) NetBackup
16 39 (0.87%) logstash
17 38 (0.85%) Rancher
17 38 (0.85%) WSUS
18 37 (0.83%) SELinux
Vendors
1 844 (18.90%) Oracle
2 747 (16.73%) Red Hat
3 552 (12.36%) VMware
4 508 (11.37%) Microsoft
5 258 (5.78%) IBM
6 227 (5.08%) HP
7 193 (4.32%) Cisco
8 175 (3.92%) Splunk
9 155 (3.47%) Google
10 133 (2.98%) Citrix
11 94 (2.10%) NetApp
12 85 (1.90%) Atlassian
13 76 (1.70%) Sun
13 76 (1.70%) Veritas
14 69 (1.55%) Cloudera
15 63 (1.41%) CheckPoint
16 57 (1.28%) CA
16 57 (1.28%) New Relic
17 55 (1.23%) F5
17 55 (1.23%) ServiceNow