Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 557 678 666
Rank change year-on-year +121 -12 +56
Contract jobs citing PhD 251 227 237
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.30% 0.22% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.48% 1.17% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 177 123 198
UK median daily rate £600 £600 £620
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - -3.23% +7.83%
10th Percentile £363 £407 £453
90th Percentile £805 £850 £838
UK excluding London median daily rate £595 £500 £550
% change year-on-year +19.00% -9.09% +17.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 11 6
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £44.00 £33.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.32% +33.33% -26.67%
10th Percentile £18.00 £33.75 £16.64
90th Percentile £55.58 £51.25 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.03 - £24.90

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 16,950 19,474 19,384
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.34% 18.74% 18.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,376 11,492 11,854
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.88% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £224
90th Percentile £644 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £423 £400
% change year-on-year +6.51% +5.63% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 855 955 928
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £25.00 £27.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +40.00% -7.41% +3.85%
10th Percentile £15.00 £12.63 £12.05
90th Percentile £58.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £25.31 £29.00
% change year-on-year +38.29% -12.72% +7.41%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +127 247 £600 - 174
London +92 179 £600 -7.69% 67
UK excluding London +78 69 £595 +19.00% 119
South East +54 34 £550 - 29
East of England +34 16 £600 +82.48% 44
North of England +37 14 £650 +20.93% 7
North West +31 12 £625 +8.70% 4
Wales +32 2 £450 -
North East - 2 £1,100 - 3
Midlands +45 1 - - 12
West Midlands +34 1 - - 4
Scotland +23 1 - - 11
South West -3 1 £425 -19.05% 15

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 186 (74.10%) Data Science
2 181 (72.11%) Python
3 170 (67.73%) Machine Learning
4 129 (51.39%) Computer Science
5 126 (50.20%) Mathematics
6 101 (40.24%) Statistics
7 91 (36.25%) Artificial Intelligence
8 89 (35.46%) Degree
9 85 (33.86%) Algorithms
10 76 (30.28%) SQL
11 74 (29.48%) Analytics
12 71 (28.29%) Natural Language Processing
13 70 (27.89%) C++
14 61 (24.30%) Finance
15 59 (23.51%) R
16 55 (21.91%) Visualisation
17 53 (21.12%) Deep Learning
18 50 (19.92%) Physics
19 49 (19.52%) Apache Spark
20 47 (18.73%) Analytical Skills
20 47 (18.73%) Java
21 44 (17.53%) Software Engineering
21 44 (17.53%) Computer Vision
22 43 (17.13%) Big Data
23 36 (14.34%) Azure
24 33 (13.15%) TensorFlow
25 32 (12.75%) Pandas
26 31 (12.35%) Microservices
26 31 (12.35%) Hadoop
27 30 (11.95%) Agile Software Development

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (19.52%) Apache Spark
2 21 (8.37%) Jupyter
3 11 (4.38%) Apache
4 7 (2.79%) Elasticsearch
5 6 (2.39%) BizTalk Server
5 6 (2.39%) SAS
6 2 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (0.80%) Apache Pig
6 2 (0.80%) DNN
7 1 (0.40%) Ethereum
Applications
1 3 (1.20%) GNU Octave
2 2 (0.80%) Stata
3 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.40%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.40%) Distributed Ledger
1 1 (0.40%) Quorum
Cloud Services
1 36 (14.34%) Azure
2 29 (11.55%) AWS
3 14 (5.58%) Power Platform
4 10 (3.98%) GCP
5 8 (3.19%) PaaS
6 6 (2.39%) Azure Machine Learning
6 6 (2.39%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (1.20%) Azure Data Factory
7 3 (1.20%) Azure Stack
8 2 (0.80%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.80%) Azure Active Directory
8 2 (0.80%) GitHub
8 2 (0.80%) Mimecast
9 1 (0.40%) Amazon Neptune
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.39%) Internet
2 4 (1.59%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.40%) RS-485
3 1 (0.40%) VSAT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 43 (17.13%) Big Data
2 31 (12.35%) Hadoop
3 21 (8.37%) NoSQL
4 18 (7.17%) Data Mining
5 14 (5.58%) Power BI
6 12 (4.78%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (3.19%) GIS
8 7 (2.79%) SQL Server
9 6 (2.39%) Geospatial Data
9 6 (2.39%) Triplestore
10 5 (1.99%) Apache Hive
11 4 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 4 (1.59%) Amazon Redshift
11 4 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.59%) Redis
11 4 (1.59%) Text Mining
12 3 (1.20%) BigQuery
12 3 (1.20%) Blockchain
12 3 (1.20%) MySQL
12 3 (1.20%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 23 (9.16%) Git (software)
2 4 (1.59%) Visual Studio
3 2 (0.80%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (0.40%) LabVIEW
General
1 61 (24.30%) Finance
2 21 (8.37%) Banking
3 19 (7.57%) Front Office
4 15 (5.98%) Advertising
5 12 (4.78%) Investment Banking
6 11 (4.38%) Legal
6 11 (4.38%) Marketing
7 6 (2.39%) Automotive
7 6 (2.39%) Public Sector
8 5 (1.99%) Manufacturing
8 5 (1.99%) Pharmaceutical
9 4 (1.59%) Law
10 3 (1.20%) Games
10 3 (1.20%) Retail
10 3 (1.20%) Retail Banking
10 3 (1.20%) Social Science
10 3 (1.20%) Telecoms
11 2 (0.80%) Publishing
12 1 (0.40%) International Banking
12 1 (0.40%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 158 (62.95%) Data Scientist
2 36 (14.34%) Senior Data Scientist
3 22 (8.76%) Machine Learning Scientist
4 19 (7.57%) Developer
5 14 (5.58%) Analyst
6 10 (3.98%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 8 (3.19%) C# Developer
7 8 (3.19%) Qualitative Analyst
7 8 (3.19%) Quantitative Analyst
7 8 (3.19%) Quantitative Developer
7 8 (3.19%) Software Engineer
8 7 (2.79%) C++ Developer
8 7 (2.79%) Python Developer
9 6 (2.39%) Data Engineer
10 5 (1.99%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
10 5 (1.99%) C# Quant Developer
10 5 (1.99%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 5 (1.99%) C++/C# Developer
10 5 (1.99%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
10 5 (1.99%) Research Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 71 (28.29%) Natural Language Processing
2 33 (13.15%) TensorFlow
3 32 (12.75%) Pandas
4 26 (10.36%) scikit-learn
5 22 (8.76%) NumPy
6 14 (5.58%) Keras
7 12 (4.78%) PySpark
8 8 (3.19%) Flask
8 8 (3.19%) OpenNLP
8 8 (3.19%) WPF
9 6 (2.39%) PyTorch
10 5 (1.99%) .NET
11 4 (1.59%) .NET Framework
11 4 (1.59%) Entity Framework
11 4 (1.59%) JSON
11 4 (1.59%) Kafka
11 4 (1.59%) Managed Extensibility Framework
11 4 (1.59%) OpenMP
11 4 (1.59%) Silverlight
11 4 (1.59%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 85 (33.86%) Algorithms
2 47 (18.73%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (4.78%) User Experience
4 9 (3.59%) Data Structures
4 9 (3.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 8 (3.19%) Credit Risk
6 6 (2.39%) Derivative
6 6 (2.39%) Internet of Things
6 6 (2.39%) Lidar
6 6 (2.39%) Market Risk
6 6 (2.39%) Self-Motivation
6 6 (2.39%) Semantic Web
7 5 (1.99%) Greenfield Project
7 5 (1.99%) Robotics
7 5 (1.99%) Smart City
8 4 (1.59%) Data Centre
9 3 (1.20%) Clustering
9 3 (1.20%) Management Information System
10 2 (0.80%) FMCG
11 1 (0.40%) CUDA
Operating Systems
1 5 (1.99%) Linux
2 3 (1.20%) Windows
3 2 (0.80%) Unix
4 1 (0.40%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 186 (74.10%) Data Science
2 170 (67.73%) Machine Learning
3 129 (51.39%) Computer Science
4 126 (50.20%) Mathematics
5 101 (40.24%) Statistics
6 91 (36.25%) Artificial Intelligence
7 74 (29.48%) Analytics
8 55 (21.91%) Visualisation
9 53 (21.12%) Deep Learning
10 50 (19.92%) Physics
11 44 (17.53%) Computer Vision
11 44 (17.53%) Software Engineering
12 31 (12.35%) Microservices
13 30 (11.95%) Agile Software Development
13 30 (11.95%) Data Analysis
14 27 (10.76%) Statistical Analysis
15 24 (9.56%) Open Source
16 21 (8.37%) Statistical Modelling
17 19 (7.57%) Data Visualisation
18 18 (7.17%) Operations Research
Programming Languages
1 181 (72.11%) Python
2 76 (30.28%) SQL
3 70 (27.89%) C++
4 59 (23.51%) R
5 47 (18.73%) Java
6 21 (8.37%) Scala
7 20 (7.97%) C#
8 19 (7.57%) MATLAB
9 8 (3.19%) C
10 4 (1.59%) XAML
11 3 (1.20%) Bash Shell
11 3 (1.20%) PL/SQL
12 2 (0.80%) Fortran
12 2 (0.80%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.80%) VBA
13 1 (0.40%) Embedded C++
13 1 (0.40%) Gremlin
13 1 (0.40%) Perl
13 1 (0.40%) Ruby
13 1 (0.40%) SPARQL
Qualifications
1 89 (35.46%) Degree
2 25 (9.96%) Master's Degree
3 11 (4.38%) Numerate Degree
4 7 (2.79%) Security Cleared
5 3 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.20%) SC Cleared
6 2 (0.80%) CISA
6 2 (0.80%) CISM
6 2 (0.80%) CISSP
6 2 (0.80%) GCFA
6 2 (0.80%) GCIH
6 2 (0.80%) MBA
7 1 (0.40%) CFA
7 1 (0.40%) HND
7 1 (0.40%) PgMP
7 1 (0.40%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.40%) PMP
7 1 (0.40%) Postgraduate
7 1 (0.40%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.99%) Data Quality
1 5 (1.99%) GxP
2 4 (1.59%) QA
2 4 (1.59%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.40%) Basel III
3 1 (0.40%) Good Clinical Practice
3 1 (0.40%) MiFID
System Software
1 14 (5.58%) Docker
2 3 (1.20%) Firmware
3 2 (0.80%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 2 (0.80%) CASB
1 2 (0.80%) Kubernetes
2 1 (0.40%) Kibana
Vendors
1 27 (10.76%) Tableau
2 11 (4.38%) Microsoft
3 7 (2.79%) Alteryx
4 6 (2.39%) Databricks
5 3 (1.20%) Dataiku
5 3 (1.20%) Google
5 3 (1.20%) MapR
5 3 (1.20%) Palantir
6 2 (0.80%) Darktrace
6 2 (0.80%) EXASOL
6 2 (0.80%) Murex
6 2 (0.80%) Thycotic
7 1 (0.40%) Agilent
7 1 (0.40%) Hortonworks
7 1 (0.40%) IBM
7 1 (0.40%) Qualtrics
7 1 (0.40%) Sun
7 1 (0.40%) Xilinx