Period
to 31 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 31 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
31 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 556 638 668
Rank change year-on-year +82 +30 -30
Contract jobs citing PhD 146 256 230
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.27% 0.22%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.07% 1.36% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 75 173 181
Median daily rate £575 £550 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% -8.33% -3.23%
10th Percentile £345 £325 £413
90th Percentile £890 £810 £775
UK excluding London median daily rate £563 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +12.50% +11.11% -33.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 9
Median hourly rate £52.50 £50.00 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +63.93% -7.58%
10th Percentile £51.25 £26.44 £28.57
90th Percentile £60.00 £53.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £33.19 £30.35
% change year-on-year - +9.33% +23.89%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 13,686 18,759 19,638
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.94% 19.45% 19.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,292 11,296 11,908
Median daily rate £473 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £255 £263 £231
90th Percentile £640 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 660 851 877
Median hourly rate £35.00 £31.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.90% +31.91% -14.55%
10th Percentile £15.50 £12.50 £12.48
90th Percentile £57.05 £52.50 £50.10
Median hourly rate £34.00 £27.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year +23.64% +10.00% -9.09%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 31 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 31 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +59 139 £575 +1.77% 196
London +32 84 £575 -4.17% 77
UK excluding London +134 61 £563 +12.50% 124
South East +116 27 £595 +19.00% 35
East of England +30 13 £433 -3.89% 59
North of England +78 11 £491 -6.43% 7
North West +45 8 £479 - 2
Scotland +25 6 £450 +28.57% 3
Work from Home +9 4 £595 +16.10% 7
South West +39 3 £413 -31.25% 9
North East - 2 £1,100 - 1
Midlands +56 1 £140 -70.13% 9
Yorkshire +47 1 - - 4
East Midlands +28 1 £140 -71.28% 5

For the 6 months to 31 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 96 (65.75%) Data Science
2 94 (64.38%) Python
3 93 (63.70%) Computer Science
3 93 (63.70%) Machine Learning
4 87 (59.59%) Mathematics
5 57 (39.04%) Statistics
5 57 (39.04%) Degree
6 53 (36.30%) Artificial Intelligence
7 49 (33.56%) Physics
8 45 (30.82%) Analytics
8 45 (30.82%) Deep Learning
9 42 (28.77%) Algorithms
10 40 (27.40%) Agile Software Development
11 35 (23.97%) TensorFlow
12 32 (21.92%) Apache Spark
13 31 (21.23%) Visualisation
14 30 (20.55%) SQL
15 28 (19.18%) Statistical Modelling
15 28 (19.18%) Analytical Skills
15 28 (19.18%) Master's Degree
16 27 (18.49%) Pandas
16 27 (18.49%) Azure
17 26 (17.81%) Big Data
18 22 (15.07%) Open Source
18 22 (15.07%) C++
19 21 (14.38%) Git (software)
20 19 (13.01%) Data Mining
20 19 (13.01%) Finance
21 18 (12.33%) Java
21 18 (12.33%) Natural Language Processing

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (21.92%) Apache Spark
2 12 (8.22%) Jupyter
3 10 (6.85%) Apache
4 6 (4.11%) DNN
5 5 (3.42%) SAS
6 2 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.68%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.68%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (4.79%) Stata
2 4 (2.74%) Chatbot
3 1 (0.68%) GNU Octave
3 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.68%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.68%) Microsoft Project
3 1 (0.68%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.68%) PTC Creo
3 1 (0.68%) Siemens NX
3 1 (0.68%) SOLIDWORKS
3 1 (0.68%) SPSS
Cloud Services
1 27 (18.49%) Azure
2 13 (8.90%) GCP
3 11 (7.53%) AWS
4 10 (6.85%) PaaS
5 8 (5.48%) Azure Machine Learning
6 4 (2.74%) Power Platform
7 3 (2.05%) Azure LUIS
8 2 (1.37%) Amazon S3
9 1 (0.68%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.05%) DVB
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (17.81%) Big Data
2 19 (13.01%) Data Mining
3 16 (10.96%) NoSQL
4 10 (6.85%) GIS
5 8 (5.48%) Electronic Patient Records
5 8 (5.48%) Geospatial Data
6 6 (4.11%) Flink
7 5 (3.42%) Amazon DynamoDB
8 4 (2.74%) Power BI
9 3 (2.05%) Apache Hive
9 3 (2.05%) Hadoop
9 3 (2.05%) PostgreSQL
9 3 (2.05%) QlikView
10 2 (1.37%) Blockchain
10 2 (1.37%) MongoDB
10 2 (1.37%) Redis
10 2 (1.37%) Relational Database
10 2 (1.37%) Triplestore
11 1 (0.68%) Amazon Redshift
11 1 (0.68%) Impala
Development Applications
1 21 (14.38%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.74%) Visual Studio
General
1 19 (13.01%) Finance
2 7 (4.79%) Front Office
2 7 (4.79%) Pharmaceutical
3 6 (4.11%) Electronics
3 6 (4.11%) Social Science
4 5 (3.42%) Telecoms
5 4 (2.74%) Advertising
5 4 (2.74%) Banking
6 3 (2.05%) Manufacturing
6 3 (2.05%) Marketing
6 3 (2.05%) Public Sector
6 3 (2.05%) Publishing
7 2 (1.37%) Automotive
7 2 (1.37%) Law
8 1 (0.68%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.68%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.68%) International Banking
8 1 (0.68%) Investment Banking
Job Titles
1 79 (54.11%) Data Scientist
2 27 (18.49%) Senior Data Scientist
3 14 (9.59%) Machine Learning Scientist
4 12 (8.22%) Developer
5 8 (5.48%) Analyst
6 6 (4.11%) Qualitative Analyst
6 6 (4.11%) Quantitative Analyst
6 6 (4.11%) Software Engineer
6 6 (4.11%) Statistician
7 5 (3.42%) Consultant
7 5 (3.42%) Quantitative Developer
8 4 (2.74%) Data Science Expert
8 4 (2.74%) Senior Software Engineer
8 4 (2.74%) User Researcher
8 4 (2.74%) WPF Developer
9 3 (2.05%) C# Developer
9 3 (2.05%) C# WPF Developer
9 3 (2.05%) DTV Engineer
9 3 (2.05%) Java Developer
9 3 (2.05%) Programmer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (23.97%) TensorFlow
2 27 (18.49%) Pandas
3 18 (12.33%) Keras
3 18 (12.33%) Natural Language Processing
3 18 (12.33%) NumPy
4 16 (10.96%) scikit-learn
5 15 (10.27%) PySpark
6 12 (8.22%) SciPy
7 11 (7.53%) MLlib
8 9 (6.16%) PyTorch
9 6 (4.11%) .NET
9 6 (4.11%) .NET Core
9 6 (4.11%) D3.js
9 6 (4.11%) Samza
9 6 (4.11%) WS-I
10 4 (2.74%) .NET Framework
10 4 (2.74%) Entity Framework
10 4 (2.74%) Managed Extensibility Framework
10 4 (2.74%) WCF
10 4 (2.74%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 42 (28.77%) Algorithms
2 28 (19.18%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (5.48%) Lidar
4 6 (4.11%) Smart City
4 6 (4.11%) User Experience
5 5 (3.42%) Data Structures
5 5 (3.42%) Derivative
6 4 (2.74%) Embedded Systems
6 4 (2.74%) Robotics
7 3 (2.05%) Digital TV
7 3 (2.05%) Interactive TV
7 3 (2.05%) IPTV
7 3 (2.05%) Market Risk
7 3 (2.05%) Video\Live Streaming
8 2 (1.37%) Credit Risk
8 2 (1.37%) CUDA
8 2 (1.37%) Life Science
8 2 (1.37%) Renewable Energy
9 1 (0.68%) Analogue Electronics
9 1 (0.68%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 3 (2.05%) Android
1 3 (2.05%) Apple iOS
1 3 (2.05%) Embedded Linux
1 3 (2.05%) Linux
1 3 (2.05%) Windows
2 2 (1.37%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 96 (65.75%) Data Science
2 93 (63.70%) Computer Science
2 93 (63.70%) Machine Learning
3 87 (59.59%) Mathematics
4 57 (39.04%) Statistics
5 53 (36.30%) Artificial Intelligence
6 49 (33.56%) Physics
7 45 (30.82%) Analytics
7 45 (30.82%) Deep Learning
8 40 (27.40%) Agile Software Development
9 31 (21.23%) Visualisation
10 28 (19.18%) Statistical Modelling
11 22 (15.07%) Open Source
12 17 (11.64%) Data Analysis
12 17 (11.64%) Data Visualisation
13 16 (10.96%) Reinforcement Learning
14 14 (9.59%) Software Engineering
15 13 (8.90%) Neural Network
15 13 (8.90%) Problem-Solving
16 12 (8.22%) Data Engineering
Programming Languages
1 94 (64.38%) Python
2 30 (20.55%) SQL
3 22 (15.07%) C++
4 18 (12.33%) Java
5 11 (7.53%) MATLAB
5 11 (7.53%) R
6 10 (6.85%) C#
7 8 (5.48%) Scala
8 4 (2.74%) C
8 4 (2.74%) XAML
9 3 (2.05%) T-SQL
10 2 (1.37%) SHACL
11 1 (0.68%) Embedded C
11 1 (0.68%) Embedded C++
11 1 (0.68%) JavaScript
11 1 (0.68%) VBA
Qualifications
1 57 (39.04%) Degree
2 28 (19.18%) Master's Degree
3 15 (10.27%) Numerate Degree
4 5 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (2.05%) MBA
6 2 (1.37%) Postgraduate
6 2 (1.37%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.37%) Security Cleared
6 2 (1.37%) Sun Certification
7 1 (0.68%) CFA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.05%) GDPR
2 2 (1.37%) PMO
2 2 (1.37%) QA
3 1 (0.68%) CDISC
3 1 (0.68%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.68%) Good Clinical Practice
3 1 (0.68%) IFRS
3 1 (0.68%) IFRS 9
3 1 (0.68%) ISO 13485
3 1 (0.68%) MiFID
System Software
1 3 (2.05%) Firmware
Vendors
1 17 (11.64%) Tableau
2 10 (6.85%) Microsoft
3 9 (6.16%) Google
4 6 (4.11%) Databricks
5 3 (2.05%) SAP
6 2 (1.37%) Cognizant
7 1 (0.68%) Alteryx
7 1 (0.68%) Canon
7 1 (0.68%) IBM
7 1 (0.68%) Murex
7 1 (0.68%) PTC
7 1 (0.68%) Qualtrics
7 1 (0.68%) Siemens
7 1 (0.68%) Xilinx