Period
to 18 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 18 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 672 468 576
Rank change year-on-year -204 +108 +111
Contract jobs citing PhD 140 63 254
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.17% 0.20% 0.30%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.90% 0.82% 1.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 87 37 192
10th Percentile £400 £333 £407
25th Percentile £500 £413 £500
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £500 £600
Median % change year-on-year +7.50% -16.67% +2.13%
75th Percentile £750 £650 £675
90th Percentile £800 £735 £813
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £450 £575
% change year-on-year -11.11% -21.74% +9.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 9 7
10th Percentile £29.31 £32.95 £17.75
25th Percentile £36.83 £35.50 £19.82
Median hourly rate £48.75 £45.00 £52.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.33% -14.29% +19.32%
75th Percentile £85.81 £61.25 £53.75
90th Percentile £138.13 £64.00 £56.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.30 £57.50 £37.03
% change year-on-year -57.74% +55.27% -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 15,621 7,664 17,000
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.63% 24.83% 19.99%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,129 5,151 10,818
10th Percentile £313 £290 £261
25th Percentile £413 £387 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £563
90th Percentile £688 £644 £649
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £461 £441
% change year-on-year +2.98% +4.59% +6.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 693 301 772
10th Percentile £12.30 £15.04 £14.01
25th Percentile £16.25 £20.25 £17.50
Median hourly rate £33.00 £31.61 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year +4.40% -20.98% +74.44%
75th Percentile £54.00 £48.17 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.53 £61.25 £59.74
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £27.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +9.09% -31.25% +73.91%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 18 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 10 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -209 105 £660 +27.23% 162
London -167 78 £713 +18.75% 54
Work from Home -204 49 £500 +17.65% 21
UK excluding London -164 29 £400 -11.11% 118
South East -85 15 £400 -5.88% 28
East of England -50 8 £518 -3.72% 37
Midlands -77 3 £600 +26.32% 5
Scotland - 3 - - 8
East Midlands -38 2 £600 +26.32% 2
West Midlands - 1 £375 - 3

For the 6 months to 18 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 85 (60.71%) Python
2 67 (47.86%) Degree
3 50 (35.71%) Finance
4 44 (31.43%) Data Science
5 42 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
6 37 (26.43%) Social Skills
7 36 (25.71%) Mathematics
8 35 (25.00%) Software Engineering
9 32 (22.86%) Analytics
10 31 (22.14%) Algorithms
11 29 (20.71%) SQL
12 27 (19.29%) Machine Learning
12 27 (19.29%) Azure
13 26 (18.57%) Computer Science
14 25 (17.86%) Git (software)
15 24 (17.14%) AWS
15 24 (17.14%) Power BI
15 24 (17.14%) Power Platform
16 23 (16.43%) Visualisation
16 23 (16.43%) Business Intelligence
17 22 (15.71%) Econometrics
17 22 (15.71%) Physics
18 21 (15.00%) Data Visualisation
19 20 (14.29%) GCP
19 20 (14.29%) Dataiku
20 19 (13.57%) Data Engineering
20 19 (13.57%) Coaching
20 19 (13.57%) Statistics
20 19 (13.57%) C++
21 18 (12.86%) Front Office

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (5.00%) Apache Spark
2 5 (3.57%) SAS
3 1 (0.71%) Apache Pig
3 1 (0.71%) Jupyter
3 1 (0.71%) OpenStack
Applications
1 1 (0.71%) Stata
1 1 (0.71%) Zemax
Business Applications
1 1 (0.71%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
1 1 (0.71%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 27 (19.29%) Azure
2 24 (17.14%) AWS
2 24 (17.14%) Power Platform
3 20 (14.29%) GCP
4 18 (12.86%) Azure Data Factory
4 18 (12.86%) Serverless
5 17 (12.14%) Azure Functions
6 2 (1.43%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.71%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.71%) Azure Machine Learning
7 1 (0.71%) Facebook Ads
7 1 (0.71%) GitHub
7 1 (0.71%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 3 (2.14%) Wireless
2 2 (1.43%) 5G
3 1 (0.71%) 3GPP
3 1 (0.71%) MIMO
3 1 (0.71%) OFDM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (17.14%) Power BI
2 7 (5.00%) Big Data
3 3 (2.14%) Data Mining
3 3 (2.14%) Relational Database
3 3 (2.14%) Tableau
4 2 (1.43%) Hadoop
4 2 (1.43%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (1.43%) RDBMS
5 1 (0.71%) Apache Cassandra
5 1 (0.71%) Apache Hive
5 1 (0.71%) Data Mart
5 1 (0.71%) Geospatial Data
5 1 (0.71%) MySQL
5 1 (0.71%) Neo4j
5 1 (0.71%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 25 (17.86%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.86%) Visual Studio
3 3 (2.14%) Bitbucket
3 3 (2.14%) git-flow
3 3 (2.14%) IntelliJ
3 3 (2.14%) JIRA
3 3 (2.14%) TeamCity
4 2 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
5 1 (0.71%) LabVIEW
5 1 (0.71%) MLflow
General
1 50 (35.71%) Finance
2 37 (26.43%) Social Skills
3 18 (12.86%) Front Office
4 16 (11.43%) Back Office
5 13 (9.29%) Banking
6 12 (8.57%) Presentation Skills
7 10 (7.14%) Social Science
8 9 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
9 8 (5.71%) Investment Banking
10 7 (5.00%) Marketing
11 3 (2.14%) Electronics
11 3 (2.14%) Law
11 3 (2.14%) Pharmaceutical
12 2 (1.43%) Influencing Skills
12 2 (1.43%) Public Sector
12 2 (1.43%) Retail
13 1 (0.71%) Advertising
13 1 (0.71%) Games
13 1 (0.71%) Legal
13 1 (0.71%) Police
Job Titles
1 40 (28.57%) Data Scientist
1 40 (28.57%) Developer
2 28 (20.00%) Quantitative Developer
3 23 (16.43%) Senior Data Scientist
4 19 (13.57%) Analyst
5 13 (9.29%) Qualitative Analyst
5 13 (9.29%) Quantitative Analyst
6 12 (8.57%) C# Developer
7 7 (5.00%) Analyst Developer
7 7 (5.00%) Python Developer
7 7 (5.00%) User Researcher
8 6 (4.29%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
8 6 (4.29%) C# Quant Developer
8 6 (4.29%) Java Developer
8 6 (4.29%) Machine Learning Engineer
8 6 (4.29%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
8 6 (4.29%) Software Engineer
9 5 (3.57%) Java Quantitative Developer
9 5 (3.57%) Senior Analyst
10 4 (2.86%) Machine Learning Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (12.86%) TensorFlow
2 12 (8.57%) .NET
2 12 (8.57%) Keras
3 10 (7.14%) .NET Framework
3 10 (7.14%) NumPy
4 9 (6.43%) PyTorch
5 8 (5.71%) SciPy
6 5 (3.57%) React
6 5 (3.57%) REST
6 5 (3.57%) RESTful
7 4 (2.86%) Entity Framework
7 4 (2.86%) Managed Extensibility Framework
7 4 (2.86%) OpenCV
7 4 (2.86%) WCF
7 4 (2.86%) WPF
8 3 (2.14%) FIX Protocol
8 3 (2.14%) Kafka
8 3 (2.14%) Protocol Buffers
9 2 (1.43%) Autofac
9 2 (1.43%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 31 (22.14%) Algorithms
2 17 (12.14%) Tandem
3 12 (8.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 8 (5.71%) Data Structures
4 8 (5.71%) User Experience
5 6 (4.29%) Legacy Applications
6 3 (2.14%) Analytical Mindset
6 3 (2.14%) FMCG
6 3 (2.14%) Life Science
6 3 (2.14%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (1.43%) Data Protection Act
7 2 (1.43%) Derivative
7 2 (1.43%) Fixed Income
7 2 (1.43%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (1.43%) Management Information System
7 2 (1.43%) Social Media
8 1 (0.71%) Linux Command Line
8 1 (0.71%) Marketing Technology
8 1 (0.71%) Optoelectronics
8 1 (0.71%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 8 (5.71%) Linux
2 5 (3.57%) Unix
3 3 (2.14%) VMS
4 2 (1.43%) Windows
5 1 (0.71%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 44 (31.43%) Data Science
2 42 (30.00%) Agile Software Development
3 36 (25.71%) Mathematics
4 35 (25.00%) Software Engineering
5 32 (22.86%) Analytics
6 27 (19.29%) Machine Learning
7 26 (18.57%) Computer Science
8 23 (16.43%) Business Intelligence
8 23 (16.43%) Visualisation
9 22 (15.71%) Econometrics
9 22 (15.71%) Physics
10 21 (15.00%) Data Visualisation
11 19 (13.57%) Coaching
11 19 (13.57%) Data Engineering
11 19 (13.57%) Statistics
12 18 (12.86%) Data Extraction
12 18 (12.86%) Data Munging
12 18 (12.86%) Test Automation
12 18 (12.86%) The Twelve-Factor App
13 14 (10.00%) Deep Learning
Programming Languages
1 85 (60.71%) Python
2 29 (20.71%) SQL
3 19 (13.57%) C++
4 18 (12.86%) R
5 15 (10.71%) C#
6 11 (7.86%) Java
7 7 (5.00%) Perl
8 6 (4.29%) C
8 6 (4.29%) MATLAB
9 4 (2.86%) XAML
10 3 (2.14%) Scala
10 3 (2.14%) SPARQL
11 2 (1.43%) Julia
12 1 (0.71%) Haskell
12 1 (0.71%) JavaScript
12 1 (0.71%) ML
Qualifications
1 67 (47.86%) Degree
2 14 (10.00%) Numerate Degree
3 8 (5.71%) Master's Degree
4 6 (4.29%) SC Cleared
4 6 (4.29%) Security Cleared
5 5 (3.57%) Computer Science Degree
6 4 (2.86%) Postgraduate
7 3 (2.14%) CCNA
7 3 (2.14%) Cisco Certification
7 3 (2.14%) CISM
7 3 (2.14%) MCAD
7 3 (2.14%) Microsoft Certification
7 3 (2.14%) OCMJD
8 2 (1.43%) BPSS Clearance
9 1 (0.71%) PgMP
9 1 (0.71%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.71%) PMP
9 1 (0.71%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.14%) Cyber Essentials
1 3 (2.14%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
1 3 (2.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (1.43%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.71%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 5 (3.57%) Docker
Systems Management
1 3 (2.14%) Kubernetes
2 2 (1.43%) Terraform
3 1 (0.71%) Ansible
3 1 (0.71%) Grafana
Vendors
1 20 (14.29%) Dataiku
2 3 (2.14%) Google
2 3 (2.14%) Microsoft
3 2 (1.43%) Facebook
4 1 (0.71%) Databricks
4 1 (0.71%) Sparx
4 1 (0.71%) Spotify