Period
to 14 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 14 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

PhD
UK
6 months to
14 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 692 684 743
Rank change year-on-year -8 +59 +42
Contract jobs citing PhD 196 161 162
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.19% 0.17% 0.15%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.02% 0.86% 0.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 118 123 119
UK median daily rate £550 £620 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -11.29% +3.33% +14.29%
10th Percentile £413 £451 £373
90th Percentile £800 £813 £800
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +10.81% +8.82% -1.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 2
UK median hourly rate £40.75 £27.40 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.74% -39.12% +35.97%
10th Percentile £28.93 £16.64 £37.50
90th Percentile £50.88 £46.98 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.21 £19.30 -
% change year-on-year +56.54% - -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 19,135 18,618 23,246
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.70% 19.47% 21.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,342 11,302 14,518
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £240 £250 £245
90th Percentile £625 £600 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.13% +5.26% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 931 939 809
UK median hourly rate £22.75 £29.92 £27.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -23.96% +8.41% +22.67%
10th Percentile £12.63 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £51.30 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.00 £30.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -23.33% +7.14% +16.09%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 14 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 14 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 187 £550 -11.29% 199
London +5 151 £575 -7.26% 85
UK excluding London -18 40 £513 +10.81% 124
South East -21 11 £550 - 41
East of England +1 10 £404 -29.77% 55
North of England -13 6 £563 +32.35% 4
Northern Ireland - 5 - - 3
Yorkshire -13 4 £513 +28.13% 3
Midlands - 4 £350 - 7
West Midlands - 4 £350 - 7
South West -3 2 £525 - 7
North West -15 2 £613 +44.12% 1
Scotland -46 2 £375 -28.57% 7

For the 6 months to 14 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 122 (62.24%) Python
2 105 (53.57%) Mathematics
3 103 (52.55%) Data Science
4 89 (45.41%) Machine Learning
5 87 (44.39%) Computer Science
6 73 (37.24%) Algorithms
7 71 (36.22%) Analytics
8 69 (35.20%) C++
9 63 (32.14%) Finance
9 63 (32.14%) Degree
10 61 (31.12%) R
11 45 (22.96%) Analytical Skills
12 42 (21.43%) Statistics
13 41 (20.92%) Deep Learning
14 39 (19.90%) Big Data
15 38 (19.39%) SQL
16 37 (18.88%) TensorFlow
17 33 (16.84%) Hadoop
18 31 (15.82%) Problem-Solving
19 30 (15.31%) Natural Language Processing
20 29 (14.80%) Java
21 27 (13.78%) Keras
22 25 (12.76%) Visualisation
22 25 (12.76%) Software Engineering
22 25 (12.76%) Physics
23 24 (12.24%) Artificial Intelligence
23 24 (12.24%) Linux
23 24 (12.24%) Front Office
23 24 (12.24%) Agile Software Development
24 23 (11.73%) Master's Degree

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (11.73%) Apache Spark
2 16 (8.16%) SAS
3 8 (4.08%) nginx
4 6 (3.06%) SharePoint
5 3 (1.53%) OpenStack
6 2 (1.02%) Apache
6 2 (1.02%) Apache Solr
6 2 (1.02%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (1.02%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.51%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.51%) CMS
7 1 (0.51%) Jadu
7 1 (0.51%) Jupyter
Applications
1 5 (2.55%) Chatbot
Business Applications
1 1 (0.51%) Finacle
1 1 (0.51%) FLEXCUBE
1 1 (0.51%) Remedy ITSM
1 1 (0.51%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 17 (8.67%) Amazon AWS
2 9 (4.59%) Cloud Computing
3 5 (2.55%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (1.53%) Google Cloud Platform
4 3 (1.53%) IaaS
4 3 (1.53%) PaaS
5 2 (1.02%) Amazon EMR
5 2 (1.02%) GitHub
6 1 (0.51%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.51%) Azure Data Factory
6 1 (0.51%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (5.61%) 5G
2 7 (3.57%) LTE
3 6 (3.06%) 3G
4 5 (2.55%) 3GPP
4 5 (2.55%) TCP/IP
4 5 (2.55%) Wireless
5 4 (2.04%) 4G
6 3 (1.53%) 802.11
6 3 (1.53%) Radio Access Network
6 3 (1.53%) VoLTE
7 2 (1.02%) Internet
7 2 (1.02%) MIMO
8 1 (0.51%) GSM
8 1 (0.51%) SMS
8 1 (0.51%) UMTS
8 1 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 39 (19.90%) Big Data
2 33 (16.84%) Hadoop
3 17 (8.67%) NoSQL
4 16 (8.16%) Apache Cassandra
5 15 (7.65%) HBase
6 12 (6.12%) MongoDB
7 11 (5.61%) Data Mining
7 11 (5.61%) Sqoop
8 7 (3.57%) Amazon RDS
9 6 (3.06%) Apache Hive
10 4 (2.04%) Impala
10 4 (2.04%) Relational Database
11 3 (1.53%) KNIME
11 3 (1.53%) PostgreSQL
12 2 (1.02%) Blockchain
12 2 (1.02%) Data Warehouse
12 2 (1.02%) Power BI
13 1 (0.51%) Data Lake
13 1 (0.51%) GIS
13 1 (0.51%) Text Mining
Development Applications
1 12 (6.12%) Git (software)
2 4 (2.04%) Visual Studio
3 2 (1.02%) Eclipse
4 1 (0.51%) JIRA
4 1 (0.51%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 63 (32.14%) Finance
2 24 (12.24%) Front Office
3 20 (10.20%) Banking
4 15 (7.65%) Investment Banking
5 14 (7.14%) Marketing
6 5 (2.55%) Financial Institution
6 5 (2.55%) Law
7 4 (2.04%) Games
8 3 (1.53%) Automotive
8 3 (1.53%) Manufacturing
9 2 (1.02%) Advertising
9 2 (1.02%) Publishing
10 1 (0.51%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.51%) Electronics
10 1 (0.51%) Retail
10 1 (0.51%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.51%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 94 (47.96%) Data Scientist
2 32 (16.33%) Developer
3 20 (10.20%) Quantitative Developer
4 19 (9.69%) Analyst
5 17 (8.67%) Qualitative Analyst
5 17 (8.67%) Quantitative Analyst
6 11 (5.61%) Analyst Developer
6 11 (5.61%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
7 9 (4.59%) Computer Scientist
7 9 (4.59%) Computer Vision Scientist
8 7 (3.57%) Data Engineer
8 7 (3.57%) Python Engineer
9 6 (3.06%) Machine Learning Scientist
9 6 (3.06%) Software Engineer
10 5 (2.55%) C++ Developer
10 5 (2.55%) Low Latency C++ Developer
10 5 (2.55%) Senior Data Scientist
11 4 (2.04%) Computer Engineer
11 4 (2.04%) Computer Vision Engineer
11 4 (2.04%) Research Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (18.88%) TensorFlow
2 30 (15.31%) Natural Language Processing
3 27 (13.78%) Keras
4 15 (7.65%) Kafka
5 14 (7.14%) Pandas
6 12 (6.12%) NumPy
7 9 (4.59%) OpenCV
7 9 (4.59%) Theano
8 8 (4.08%) Flask
9 7 (3.57%) scikit-learn
10 4 (2.04%) .NET
10 4 (2.04%) WPF
11 3 (1.53%) 802.1X
11 3 (1.53%) Bokeh
11 3 (1.53%) D3.js
11 3 (1.53%) ggplot
11 3 (1.53%) SciPy
11 3 (1.53%) Seaborn
11 3 (1.53%) Spring
11 3 (1.53%) WinForms
Miscellaneous
1 87 (44.39%) Computer Science
2 73 (37.24%) Algorithms
3 45 (22.96%) Analytical Skills
4 17 (8.67%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 9 (4.59%) Derivative
6 7 (3.57%) Fixed Income
7 6 (3.06%) Hedge funds
8 5 (2.55%) Data Structures
8 5 (2.55%) Equity Derivative
8 5 (2.55%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 5 (2.55%) User Experience
9 4 (2.04%) Life Science
10 3 (1.53%) Credit Risk
10 3 (1.53%) Data Centre
10 3 (1.53%) Infotainment
10 3 (1.53%) RIA
10 3 (1.53%) Virtual Team
11 2 (1.02%) Acoustics
11 2 (1.02%) GPGPU
11 2 (1.02%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 24 (12.24%) Linux
2 8 (4.08%) Unix
3 4 (2.04%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 105 (53.57%) Mathematics
2 103 (52.55%) Data Science
3 89 (45.41%) Machine Learning
4 71 (36.22%) Analytics
5 42 (21.43%) Statistics
6 41 (20.92%) Deep Learning
7 31 (15.82%) Problem-Solving
8 25 (12.76%) Physics
8 25 (12.76%) Software Engineering
8 25 (12.76%) Visualisation
9 24 (12.24%) Agile Software Development
9 24 (12.24%) Artificial Intelligence
10 18 (9.18%) Computer Vision
11 17 (8.67%) Prototyping
12 16 (8.16%) Random Forest
13 15 (7.65%) Applied Mathematics
13 15 (7.65%) Convolutional Neural Network
13 15 (7.65%) Creative Problem-Solving
13 15 (7.65%) Quantitative Research
14 13 (6.63%) Predictive Analytics
Programming Languages
1 122 (62.24%) Python
2 69 (35.20%) C++
3 61 (31.12%) R
4 38 (19.39%) SQL
5 29 (14.80%) Java
6 22 (11.22%) MATLAB
7 19 (9.69%) C#
8 18 (9.18%) Scala
9 10 (5.10%) C
10 6 (3.06%) JavaScript
11 4 (2.04%) Perl
12 3 (1.53%) VB
12 3 (1.53%) VBA
13 2 (1.02%) VC++
14 1 (0.51%) Ada
14 1 (0.51%) Fortran
14 1 (0.51%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 63 (32.14%) Degree
2 23 (11.73%) Master's Degree
3 13 (6.63%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (1.02%) MBA
4 2 (1.02%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.51%) SC Cleared
5 1 (0.51%) Security Cleared
5 1 (0.51%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (9.18%) QA
2 16 (8.16%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.51%) EMIR
3 1 (0.51%) GCP
3 1 (0.51%) IFRS
3 1 (0.51%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 13 (6.63%) Apache Flume
2 10 (5.10%) Docker
3 2 (1.02%) HDFS
3 2 (1.02%) Platform Symphony
4 1 (0.51%) Firmware
4 1 (0.51%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 3 (1.53%) Netcool
1 3 (1.53%) NSN NetAct
1 3 (1.53%) OpenView
1 3 (1.53%) TeMIP
2 2 (1.02%) Terraform
3 1 (0.51%) Kibana
Vendors
1 15 (7.65%) Microsoft
2 14 (7.14%) Google
2 14 (7.14%) Hortonworks
3 8 (4.08%) Oracle
4 7 (3.57%) Tableau
5 5 (2.55%) Ciena
6 3 (1.53%) Cloudera
6 3 (1.53%) Databricks
7 2 (1.02%) Alteryx
7 2 (1.02%) Capita
7 2 (1.02%) MapR
7 2 (1.02%) Nokia
8 1 (0.51%) BMC
8 1 (0.51%) Dataiku
8 1 (0.51%) Remedy
8 1 (0.51%) SAP
8 1 (0.51%) VMware