Period
to 20 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 20 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 679 676 729
Rank change year-on-year -3 +53 +30
Contract jobs citing PhD 207 205 171
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.21% 0.16%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.09% 1.10% 0.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 115 172 123
UK median daily rate £575 £620 £563
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -7.26% +10.22% -6.25%
10th Percentile £408 £453 £376
90th Percentile £838 £849 £825
UK excluding London median daily rate £513 £550 £425
% change year-on-year -6.82% +29.41% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 4 2
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £27.40 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +60.60% -39.12% +65.59%
10th Percentile £33.75 £16.64 £37.50
90th Percentile £51.25 £46.98 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £19.30 -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 19,000 18,642 22,485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 18.57% 18.76% 21.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,247 11,379 13,966
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £245 £225 £240
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 944 902 850
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £27.50 £26.74
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.09% +2.83% +12.60%
10th Percentile £12.61 £12.01 £12.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £49.98 £49.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £30.00 £27.50
% change year-on-year -16.67% +9.09% +10.00%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 20 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -7 196 £575 -7.26% 283
London -23 152 £613 -1.61% 120
UK excluding London -8 51 £513 -6.82% 177
North of England -13 13 £538 +13.16% 17
South East -6 12 £550 +22.22% 46
East of England +6 11 £329 -40.22% 70
Yorkshire -11 10 £525 +31.25% 9
Northern Ireland - 5 - - 1
Midlands -17 4 £388 -38.00% 14
North West -11 3 £575 +4.55% 3
Scotland -25 3 £538 +10.26% 11
West Midlands -17 2 £350 -44.00% 11
Wales -18 2 - - 2
East Midlands - 2 £425 - 3
South West -23 1 £525 - 16

For the 6 months to 20 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 130 (62.80%) Python
2 116 (56.04%) Data Science
3 105 (50.72%) Machine Learning
4 102 (49.28%) Mathematics
5 82 (39.61%) Computer Science
6 75 (36.23%) Degree
7 72 (34.78%) Analytics
8 65 (31.40%) Finance
9 64 (30.92%) R
9 64 (30.92%) Algorithms
10 55 (26.57%) C++
11 48 (23.19%) Statistics
12 44 (21.26%) Deep Learning
13 43 (20.77%) Analytical Skills
14 42 (20.29%) Natural Language Processing
14 42 (20.29%) SQL
15 40 (19.32%) Hadoop
16 39 (18.84%) Big Data
17 33 (15.94%) TensorFlow
17 33 (15.94%) Artificial Intelligence
18 30 (14.49%) Agile Software Development
19 28 (13.53%) Problem-Solving
20 26 (12.56%) Apache Spark
20 26 (12.56%) Visualisation
21 25 (12.08%) Amazon AWS
21 25 (12.08%) Physics
21 25 (12.08%) Master's Degree
21 25 (12.08%) Keras
22 23 (11.11%) MATLAB
23 22 (10.63%) Banking

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (12.56%) Apache Spark
2 9 (4.35%) SAS
3 6 (2.90%) SharePoint
4 4 (1.93%) nginx
5 3 (1.45%) Apache Pig
5 3 (1.45%) OpenStack
6 2 (0.97%) Apache
6 2 (0.97%) CMS
6 2 (0.97%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.97%) Jupyter
7 1 (0.48%) Apache Airflow
7 1 (0.48%) Apache Solr
7 1 (0.48%) Jadu
7 1 (0.48%) Luigi
Applications
1 12 (5.80%) Chatbot
2 8 (3.86%) Microsoft Excel
2 8 (3.86%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.97%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 1 (0.48%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 25 (12.08%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (6.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 12 (5.80%) Cloud Computing
4 11 (5.31%) Google Cloud Platform
5 4 (1.93%) Amazon EMR
6 3 (1.45%) Amazon S3
6 3 (1.45%) IaaS
6 3 (1.45%) PaaS
7 2 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
7 2 (0.97%) GitHub
8 1 (0.48%) Azure Data Factory
8 1 (0.48%) SaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.38%) 5G
2 5 (2.42%) Wireless
3 4 (1.93%) Internet
4 3 (1.45%) 3G
4 3 (1.45%) LTE
4 3 (1.45%) TCP/IP
4 3 (1.45%) VoLTE
5 2 (0.97%) 3GPP
5 2 (0.97%) MIMO
5 2 (0.97%) Radio Access Network
6 1 (0.48%) 4G
6 1 (0.48%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 40 (19.32%) Hadoop
2 39 (18.84%) Big Data
3 17 (8.21%) MongoDB
4 16 (7.73%) NoSQL
5 15 (7.25%) Data Mining
6 14 (6.76%) Apache Hive
7 13 (6.28%) HBase
8 12 (5.80%) Apache Cassandra
9 11 (5.31%) Sqoop
10 10 (4.83%) Relational Database
11 8 (3.86%) SQL Server
12 7 (3.38%) Impala
13 3 (1.45%) KNIME
13 3 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
13 3 (1.45%) Power BI
14 2 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 2 (0.97%) Blockchain
14 2 (0.97%) QlikView
14 2 (0.97%) RDBMS
15 1 (0.48%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 12 (5.80%) Git (software)
2 3 (1.45%) JIRA
3 1 (0.48%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.48%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 65 (31.40%) Finance
2 22 (10.63%) Banking
3 18 (8.70%) Marketing
4 15 (7.25%) Front Office
4 15 (7.25%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.90%) Advertising
6 5 (2.42%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.93%) Law
7 4 (1.93%) Retail
8 3 (1.45%) Arabic Language
8 3 (1.45%) Games
8 3 (1.45%) Hindi Language
8 3 (1.45%) Pharmaceutical
8 3 (1.45%) Publishing
9 2 (0.97%) Indonesian Language
9 2 (0.97%) Legal
9 2 (0.97%) Malayalam Language
9 2 (0.97%) Tamil Language
10 1 (0.48%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.48%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 105 (50.72%) Data Scientist
2 39 (18.84%) Developer
3 30 (14.49%) Quantitative Developer
4 17 (8.21%) C# Developer
5 16 (7.73%) C# Quant Developer
6 12 (5.80%) C# Pricing Developer
6 12 (5.80%) Pricing Developer
7 9 (4.35%) Analyst
7 9 (4.35%) C++ Developer
8 8 (3.86%) Excel Developer
8 8 (3.86%) Qualitative Analyst
8 8 (3.86%) Quantitative Analyst
8 8 (3.86%) Senior Data Scientist
9 7 (3.38%) Computer Scientist
9 7 (3.38%) Computer Vision Scientist
9 7 (3.38%) Machine Learning Scientist
10 6 (2.90%) Analyst Developer
10 6 (2.90%) C++ Quantitative Developer
10 6 (2.90%) Python Engineer
10 6 (2.90%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 42 (20.29%) Natural Language Processing
2 33 (15.94%) TensorFlow
3 25 (12.08%) Keras
4 16 (7.73%) Caffe
5 13 (6.28%) Kafka
6 11 (5.31%) Pandas
7 10 (4.83%) Theano
8 9 (4.35%) .NET
8 9 (4.35%) NumPy
9 8 (3.86%) ASP.NET
9 8 (3.86%) ASP.NET Core
9 8 (3.86%) OpenCV
10 7 (3.38%) scikit-learn
11 6 (2.90%) Flask
12 3 (1.45%) SciPy
12 3 (1.45%) SpaCy
13 2 (0.97%) ggplot
13 2 (0.97%) Matplotlib
13 2 (0.97%) REST
13 2 (0.97%) Seaborn
Miscellaneous
1 82 (39.61%) Computer Science
2 64 (30.92%) Algorithms
3 43 (20.77%) Analytical Skills
4 18 (8.70%) Derivative
5 15 (7.25%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 14 (6.76%) Hedge funds
7 10 (4.83%) Credit Derivative
8 8 (3.86%) Fixed Income
9 7 (3.38%) User Experience
10 6 (2.90%) Data Structures
11 5 (2.42%) Acoustics
11 5 (2.42%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
12 4 (1.93%) Life Science
12 4 (1.93%) Virtual Team
13 3 (1.45%) Data Centre
13 3 (1.45%) GPGPU
13 3 (1.45%) RIA
13 3 (1.45%) Self-Motivation
14 2 (0.97%) Augmented Reality
14 2 (0.97%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 21 (10.14%) Linux
2 7 (3.38%) Unix
3 1 (0.48%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 116 (56.04%) Data Science
2 105 (50.72%) Machine Learning
3 102 (49.28%) Mathematics
4 72 (34.78%) Analytics
5 48 (23.19%) Statistics
6 44 (21.26%) Deep Learning
7 33 (15.94%) Artificial Intelligence
8 30 (14.49%) Agile Software Development
9 28 (13.53%) Problem-Solving
10 26 (12.56%) Visualisation
11 25 (12.08%) Physics
12 22 (10.63%) Convolutional Neural Network
12 22 (10.63%) Prototyping
13 19 (9.18%) Neural Network
13 19 (9.18%) Random Forest
14 17 (8.21%) Computer Vision
15 16 (7.73%) Creative Problem-Solving
16 15 (7.25%) Predictive Modelling
16 15 (7.25%) Support Vector Machines
17 14 (6.76%) Applied Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 130 (62.80%) Python
2 64 (30.92%) R
3 55 (26.57%) C++
4 42 (20.29%) SQL
5 23 (11.11%) MATLAB
6 21 (10.14%) C#
6 21 (10.14%) Java
7 19 (9.18%) Scala
8 9 (4.35%) C
8 9 (4.35%) VBA
9 6 (2.90%) Perl
10 4 (1.93%) Ada
10 4 (1.93%) JavaScript
11 2 (0.97%) Bash Shell
12 1 (0.48%) Fortran
12 1 (0.48%) VB
Qualifications
1 75 (36.23%) Degree
2 25 (12.08%) Master's Degree
3 13 (6.28%) Numerate Degree
4 9 (4.35%) Computer Science Degree
5 4 (1.93%) Security Cleared
6 3 (1.45%) SC Cleared
7 1 (0.48%) MBA
7 1 (0.48%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (9.66%) QA
2 14 (6.76%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.48%) EMIR
3 1 (0.48%) GDPR
3 1 (0.48%) IFRS
3 1 (0.48%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 11 (5.31%) Apache Flume
2 8 (3.86%) Docker
3 4 (1.93%) HDFS
4 1 (0.48%) Firmware
4 1 (0.48%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 3 (1.45%) Netcool
1 3 (1.45%) NSN NetAct
1 3 (1.45%) OpenView
1 3 (1.45%) TeMIP
2 2 (0.97%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.48%) Kibana
3 1 (0.48%) Oozie
Vendors
1 15 (7.25%) Microsoft
2 14 (6.76%) Google
3 12 (5.80%) Hortonworks
4 8 (3.86%) Tableau
5 6 (2.90%) Oracle
6 5 (2.42%) Ciena
7 2 (0.97%) Databricks
7 2 (0.97%) Dataiku
7 2 (0.97%) Facebook
7 2 (0.97%) Nokia
8 1 (0.48%) Alteryx
8 1 (0.48%) BMC
8 1 (0.48%) Cloudera
8 1 (0.48%) Remedy
8 1 (0.48%) SAP
8 1 (0.48%) VMware