Period
to 21 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 553 633 656
Rank change year-on-year +80 +23 -15
Contract jobs citing PhD 179 259 236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.26% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.22% 1.34% 1.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 102 169 182
UK median daily rate £595 £575 £620
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.48% -7.26% -
10th Percentile £377 £325 £425
90th Percentile £750 £838 £775
UK excluding London median daily rate £585 £463 £480
% change year-on-year +26.49% -3.55% -28.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 5
UK median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% - +36.36%
10th Percentile £35.00 £36.57 £31.70
90th Percentile £56.88 £53.75 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £33.19 £37.75
% change year-on-year - -12.09% +54.08%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 14,668 19,258 19,275
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.43% 19.43% 18.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,026 11,524 11,834
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £260 £259 £225
90th Percentile £638 £633 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 669 913 852
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £30.00 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.67% +20.00% -9.09%
10th Percentile £14.70 £12.55 £12.03
90th Percentile £57.00 £51.00 £50.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.00 £28.62 £25.83
% change year-on-year +15.29% +10.81% -6.07%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 12 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +92 174 £595 +2.37% 236
London +51 114 £600 - 88
UK excluding London +120 64 £585 +26.49% 172
South East +103 30 £590 +21.03% 38
North of England +77 14 £650 +26.83% 12
East of England +29 13 £650 +73.33% 58
North West +49 12 £600 - 5
Scotland +22 4 £450 +28.57% 20
South West +27 2 £413 -31.25% 13
North East - 2 £1,100 - 3
Midlands +58 1 £140 -68.89% 27
East Midlands +38 1 £140 -71.28% 14

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 128 (71.51%) Data Science
2 125 (69.83%) Machine Learning
3 123 (68.72%) Python
4 108 (60.34%) Computer Science
5 96 (53.63%) Mathematics
6 68 (37.99%) Statistics
7 63 (35.20%) Algorithms
8 62 (34.64%) Artificial Intelligence
9 60 (33.52%) Degree
10 57 (31.84%) Analytics
11 50 (27.93%) SQL
12 49 (27.37%) Physics
13 44 (24.58%) Deep Learning
14 40 (22.35%) Agile Software Development
15 39 (21.79%) Natural Language Processing
15 39 (21.79%) Apache Spark
15 39 (21.79%) Analytical Skills
16 36 (20.11%) Visualisation
17 35 (19.55%) TensorFlow
18 33 (18.44%) Finance
18 33 (18.44%) C++
19 30 (16.76%) Java
19 30 (16.76%) Big Data
20 29 (16.20%) Git (software)
21 28 (15.64%) Open Source
22 27 (15.08%) scikit-learn
22 27 (15.08%) Pandas
23 26 (14.53%) Statistical Modelling
24 25 (13.97%) Azure
25 24 (13.41%) R

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 39 (21.79%) Apache Spark
2 12 (6.70%) Jupyter
3 9 (5.03%) Apache
4 6 (3.35%) DNN
4 6 (3.35%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (1.68%) SAS
6 2 (1.12%) Apache Airflow
6 2 (1.12%) Apache Pig
7 1 (0.56%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (3.91%) Stata
2 3 (1.68%) Chatbot
3 2 (1.12%) GNU Octave
3 2 (1.12%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.56%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.56%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.56%) PTC Creo
4 1 (0.56%) Siemens NX
4 1 (0.56%) SOLIDWORKS
4 1 (0.56%) SPSS
Cloud Services
1 25 (13.97%) Azure
2 14 (7.82%) AWS
3 10 (5.59%) GCP
3 10 (5.59%) PaaS
4 9 (5.03%) Power Platform
5 8 (4.47%) Azure Machine Learning
6 2 (1.12%) Amazon S3
6 2 (1.12%) Azure LUIS
7 1 (0.56%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (2.23%) Wi-Fi
2 2 (1.12%) DVB
3 1 (0.56%) RS-485
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (16.76%) Big Data
2 21 (11.73%) NoSQL
3 20 (11.17%) Data Mining
4 17 (9.50%) Hadoop
5 10 (5.59%) GIS
6 9 (5.03%) Power BI
7 8 (4.47%) Electronic Patient Records
7 8 (4.47%) Geospatial Data
8 7 (3.91%) PostgreSQL
9 6 (3.35%) Flink
10 5 (2.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 5 (2.79%) SQL Server
11 4 (2.23%) Apache Hive
11 4 (2.23%) Text Mining
12 3 (1.68%) MongoDB
12 3 (1.68%) Relational Database
13 2 (1.12%) Amazon Redshift
13 2 (1.12%) Blockchain
13 2 (1.12%) QlikView
13 2 (1.12%) Redis
Development Applications
1 29 (16.20%) Git (software)
2 5 (2.79%) Visual Studio
3 2 (1.12%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 33 (18.44%) Finance
2 8 (4.47%) Front Office
2 8 (4.47%) Pharmaceutical
3 6 (3.35%) Banking
3 6 (3.35%) Manufacturing
4 5 (2.79%) Advertising
4 5 (2.79%) Electronics
4 5 (2.79%) Social Science
4 5 (2.79%) Telecoms
5 4 (2.23%) Marketing
6 3 (1.68%) Law
7 2 (1.12%) Automotive
7 2 (1.12%) Investment Banking
7 2 (1.12%) Legal
7 2 (1.12%) Public Sector
8 1 (0.56%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.56%) International Banking
8 1 (0.56%) Publishing
8 1 (0.56%) Retail
8 1 (0.56%) Wholesale Banking
Job Titles
1 113 (63.13%) Data Scientist
2 34 (18.99%) Senior Data Scientist
3 20 (11.17%) Machine Learning Scientist
4 13 (7.26%) Developer
5 10 (5.59%) Analyst
6 7 (3.91%) Qualitative Analyst
6 7 (3.91%) Quantitative Analyst
6 7 (3.91%) Software Engineer
7 6 (3.35%) Statistician
8 5 (2.79%) Quantitative Developer
8 5 (2.79%) WPF Developer
9 4 (2.23%) C# Developer
9 4 (2.23%) C# WPF Developer
9 4 (2.23%) Consultant
9 4 (2.23%) Data Science Expert
10 3 (1.68%) Data Analyst
10 3 (1.68%) Java Developer
10 3 (1.68%) Senior Analyst
10 3 (1.68%) Senior Quantitative Analyst
10 3 (1.68%) User Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (21.79%) Natural Language Processing
2 35 (19.55%) TensorFlow
3 27 (15.08%) Pandas
3 27 (15.08%) scikit-learn
4 21 (11.73%) Keras
5 20 (11.17%) NumPy
6 16 (8.94%) PySpark
7 10 (5.59%) PyTorch
8 9 (5.03%) SciPy
9 8 (4.47%) MLlib
10 7 (3.91%) OpenNLP
11 6 (3.35%) D3.js
11 6 (3.35%) Samza
11 6 (3.35%) WPF
11 6 (3.35%) WS-I
12 5 (2.79%) .NET
12 5 (2.79%) .NET Framework
12 5 (2.79%) Entity Framework
12 5 (2.79%) Silverlight
12 5 (2.79%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 63 (35.20%) Algorithms
2 39 (21.79%) Analytical Skills
3 8 (4.47%) Lidar
3 8 (4.47%) User Experience
4 6 (3.35%) Data Structures
4 6 (3.35%) Derivative
4 6 (3.35%) Smart City
5 5 (2.79%) Robotics
6 4 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
7 3 (1.68%) Embedded Systems
7 3 (1.68%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (1.68%) Market Risk
8 2 (1.12%) Credit Risk
8 2 (1.12%) CUDA
8 2 (1.12%) Digital TV
8 2 (1.12%) Interactive TV
8 2 (1.12%) IPTV
8 2 (1.12%) Life Science
8 2 (1.12%) Renewable Energy
8 2 (1.12%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 6 (3.35%) Linux
2 4 (2.23%) Windows
3 2 (1.12%) Android
3 2 (1.12%) Apple iOS
3 2 (1.12%) Embedded Linux
3 2 (1.12%) Unix
4 1 (0.56%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 128 (71.51%) Data Science
2 125 (69.83%) Machine Learning
3 108 (60.34%) Computer Science
4 96 (53.63%) Mathematics
5 68 (37.99%) Statistics
6 62 (34.64%) Artificial Intelligence
7 57 (31.84%) Analytics
8 49 (27.37%) Physics
9 44 (24.58%) Deep Learning
10 40 (22.35%) Agile Software Development
11 36 (20.11%) Visualisation
12 28 (15.64%) Open Source
13 26 (14.53%) Statistical Modelling
14 24 (13.41%) Data Analysis
15 21 (11.73%) Software Engineering
16 20 (11.17%) Computer Vision
17 18 (10.06%) Problem-Solving
18 16 (8.94%) Microservices
19 15 (8.38%) Data Visualisation
19 15 (8.38%) Reinforcement Learning
Programming Languages
1 123 (68.72%) Python
2 50 (27.93%) SQL
3 33 (18.44%) C++
4 30 (16.76%) Java
5 24 (13.41%) R
6 14 (7.82%) MATLAB
7 13 (7.26%) Scala
8 12 (6.70%) C#
9 6 (3.35%) C
10 5 (2.79%) XAML
11 3 (1.68%) T-SQL
12 2 (1.12%) Bash Shell
12 2 (1.12%) VBA
13 1 (0.56%) Embedded C
13 1 (0.56%) Embedded C++
13 1 (0.56%) Fortran
13 1 (0.56%) JavaScript
Qualifications
1 60 (33.52%) Degree
2 22 (12.29%) Master's Degree
3 16 (8.94%) Numerate Degree
4 5 (2.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 3 (1.68%) MBA
6 2 (1.12%) Postgraduate
6 2 (1.12%) SC Cleared
6 2 (1.12%) Security Cleared
6 2 (1.12%) Sun Certification
7 1 (0.56%) CFA
7 1 (0.56%) PgMP
7 1 (0.56%) PMI Certification
7 1 (0.56%) PMP
7 1 (0.56%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (1.68%) Data Quality
1 3 (1.68%) QA
2 2 (1.12%) GDPR
2 2 (1.12%) PMO
3 1 (0.56%) CDISC
3 1 (0.56%) Good Clinical Practice
3 1 (0.56%) IFRS
3 1 (0.56%) IFRS 9
3 1 (0.56%) ISO 13485
3 1 (0.56%) MiFID
System Software
1 3 (1.68%) Firmware
Vendors
1 23 (12.85%) Tableau
2 8 (4.47%) Google
3 7 (3.91%) Databricks
3 7 (3.91%) Microsoft
4 6 (3.35%) Alteryx
5 1 (0.56%) Canon
5 1 (0.56%) Dataiku
5 1 (0.56%) IBM
5 1 (0.56%) Murex
5 1 (0.56%) Palantir
5 1 (0.56%) PTC
5 1 (0.56%) Qualtrics
5 1 (0.56%) SAP
5 1 (0.56%) Siemens
5 1 (0.56%) Xilinx