Period
to 10 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 10 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 644 661 698
Rank change year-on-year +17 +37 +20
Contract jobs citing PhD 241 239 191
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.23% 0.19%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.20% 1.24% 0.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 133 202 132
UK median daily rate £600 £620 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.23% +3.33% -
10th Percentile £363 £450 £363
90th Percentile £838 £838 £850
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £550 £600
% change year-on-year -9.09% -8.33% +45.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 6 4
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £33.00 £41.01
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +33.33% -19.53% +31.78%
10th Percentile £33.75 £16.64 £33.34
90th Percentile £51.25 £47.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £24.90 -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 20,038 19,300 21,211
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 19.07% 18.84% 20.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,898 11,877 13,274
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £256 £220 £240
90th Percentile £625 £609 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +1.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 968 884 851
UK median hourly rate £26.10 £25.31 £26.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% -2.65% +4.00%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £51.00 £49.06 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.50 £26.68 £27.00
% change year-on-year -0.68% -1.18% +7.48%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PhD.

Contractor daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -31 233 £600 -3.23% 265
London 0 179 £650 +4.00% 109
UK excluding London -12 58 £500 -9.09% 171
South East -20 19 £550 - 56
East of England -10 14 £300 -45.45% 62
North of England -6 12 £550 +15.79% 13
Yorkshire -2 10 £525 +31.25% 2
Midlands -7 6 £425 -32.00% 7
Scotland -15 4 £450 - 9
West Midlands -18 3 £350 -44.00% 4
East Midlands - 3 £463 - 3
North West -12 2 £613 +11.36% 5
Wales - 2 - - 1
South West - 1 £525 - 18

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 161 (66.80%) Python
2 137 (56.85%) Data Science
3 125 (51.87%) Mathematics
4 122 (50.62%) Machine Learning
5 105 (43.57%) Computer Science
6 99 (41.08%) Degree
7 94 (39.00%) Analytics
8 78 (32.37%) Finance
9 73 (30.29%) R
10 71 (29.46%) Statistics
11 70 (29.05%) Algorithms
12 61 (25.31%) SQL
13 59 (24.48%) C++
14 57 (23.65%) Deep Learning
15 55 (22.82%) Hadoop
16 50 (20.75%) Agile Software Development
16 50 (20.75%) Master's Degree
17 48 (19.92%) Analytical Skills
18 47 (19.50%) Artificial Intelligence
19 46 (19.09%) TensorFlow
20 43 (17.84%) Apache Spark
21 40 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
21 40 (16.60%) Big Data
22 39 (16.18%) Natural Language Processing
22 39 (16.18%) Problem-Solving
22 39 (16.18%) MATLAB
23 36 (14.94%) Banking
24 35 (14.52%) Physics
25 34 (14.11%) C#
26 30 (12.45%) Keras

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (17.84%) Apache Spark
2 21 (8.71%) SAS
3 16 (6.64%) SharePoint
4 3 (1.24%) Apache Pig
4 3 (1.24%) OpenStack
5 2 (0.83%) Apache
5 2 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (0.83%) Jupyter
6 1 (0.41%) Apache Solr
6 1 (0.41%) CMS
6 1 (0.41%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.41%) Luigi
Applications
1 14 (5.81%) Microsoft Excel
1 14 (5.81%) Spreadsheet
2 11 (4.56%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.83%) GNU Octave
3 2 (0.83%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.41%) LaTeX
4 1 (0.41%) SPSS
4 1 (0.41%) Stata
Business Applications
1 1 (0.41%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 40 (16.60%) Amazon AWS
2 29 (12.03%) Microsoft Azure
3 16 (6.64%) Google Cloud Platform
4 11 (4.56%) Amazon EMR
5 10 (4.15%) Azure Active Directory
5 10 (4.15%) Mimecast
6 9 (3.73%) Cloud Computing
7 3 (1.24%) Amazon S3
8 2 (0.83%) Amazon EC2
8 2 (0.83%) IaaS
8 2 (0.83%) PaaS
9 1 (0.41%) Azure Data Factory
9 1 (0.41%) GitHub
9 1 (0.41%) Office 365
9 1 (0.41%) SaaS
9 1 (0.41%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 5 (2.07%) Internet
2 4 (1.66%) Wireless
3 2 (0.83%) 3G
3 2 (0.83%) 3GPP
3 2 (0.83%) 5G
3 2 (0.83%) LTE
3 2 (0.83%) MIMO
3 2 (0.83%) Radio Access Network
3 2 (0.83%) VoLTE
4 1 (0.41%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (22.82%) Hadoop
2 40 (16.60%) Big Data
3 23 (9.54%) Apache Hive
4 17 (7.05%) MongoDB
4 17 (7.05%) NoSQL
5 16 (6.64%) Data Mining
6 15 (6.22%) Relational Database
7 14 (5.81%) SQL Server
8 12 (4.98%) Apache Cassandra
8 12 (4.98%) HBase
9 11 (4.56%) Sqoop
10 6 (2.49%) Impala
11 4 (1.66%) Data Warehouse
11 4 (1.66%) Power BI
12 3 (1.24%) MySQL
12 3 (1.24%) PostgreSQL
12 3 (1.24%) Text Mining
13 2 (0.83%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 2 (0.83%) KNIME
13 2 (0.83%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 9 (3.73%) Git (software)
2 3 (1.24%) JIRA
3 2 (0.83%) ERwin
3 2 (0.83%) Visual Studio
4 1 (0.41%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 78 (32.37%) Finance
2 36 (14.94%) Banking
3 26 (10.79%) Investment Banking
4 24 (9.96%) Marketing
5 16 (6.64%) Front Office
6 12 (4.98%) Retail
7 7 (2.90%) Games
8 5 (2.07%) Advertising
8 5 (2.07%) Financial Institution
8 5 (2.07%) Law
9 3 (1.24%) Arabic Language
9 3 (1.24%) Hindi Language
9 3 (1.24%) Legal
9 3 (1.24%) Pharmaceutical
9 3 (1.24%) Publishing
10 2 (0.83%) Electronics
10 2 (0.83%) Indonesian Language
10 2 (0.83%) Malayalam Language
10 2 (0.83%) Tamil Language
11 1 (0.41%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 123 (51.04%) Data Scientist
2 43 (17.84%) Developer
3 36 (14.94%) Quantitative Developer
4 25 (10.37%) C# Developer
5 22 (9.13%) Analyst
5 22 (9.13%) C# Quant Developer
6 18 (7.47%) C# Pricing Developer
6 18 (7.47%) Pricing Developer
7 14 (5.81%) Excel Developer
8 10 (4.15%) Security Analyst
9 9 (3.73%) C++ Developer
10 8 (3.32%) Computer Scientist
10 8 (3.32%) Computer Vision Scientist
10 8 (3.32%) Senior Analyst
10 8 (3.32%) Senior Data Scientist
11 7 (2.90%) C++ Quantitative Developer
12 6 (2.49%) Computer Engineer
12 6 (2.49%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 6 (2.49%) Qualitative Analyst
12 6 (2.49%) Quantitative Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (19.09%) TensorFlow
2 39 (16.18%) Natural Language Processing
3 30 (12.45%) Keras
4 28 (11.62%) Caffe
5 24 (9.96%) Theano
6 16 (6.64%) .NET
7 14 (5.81%) ASP.NET
7 14 (5.81%) ASP.NET Core
7 14 (5.81%) Kafka
8 12 (4.98%) OpenCV
8 12 (4.98%) PySpark
9 10 (4.15%) Torch
10 8 (3.32%) NumPy
11 6 (2.49%) MLlib
11 6 (2.49%) Pandas
12 5 (2.07%) Matplotlib
12 5 (2.07%) SciPy
13 4 (1.66%) scikit-learn
14 3 (1.24%) D3.js
14 3 (1.24%) OpenGL ES
Miscellaneous
1 70 (29.05%) Algorithms
2 48 (19.92%) Analytical Skills
3 24 (9.96%) Derivative
4 18 (7.47%) Hedge funds
5 16 (6.64%) Credit Derivative
6 14 (5.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 13 (5.39%) Self-Motivation
8 11 (4.56%) Management Information System
9 10 (4.15%) User Experience
10 6 (2.49%) Fixed Income
11 5 (2.07%) Acoustics
11 5 (2.07%) Robotics
11 5 (2.07%) Virtual Team
12 4 (1.66%) Credit Risk
12 4 (1.66%) Data Structures
12 4 (1.66%) Life Science
13 3 (1.24%) GPGPU
14 2 (0.83%) CUDA
14 2 (0.83%) Market Risk
14 2 (0.83%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 24 (9.96%) Linux
2 6 (2.49%) Unix
3 5 (2.07%) Android
3 5 (2.07%) Windows
4 2 (0.83%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 137 (56.85%) Data Science
2 125 (51.87%) Mathematics
3 122 (50.62%) Machine Learning
4 105 (43.57%) Computer Science
5 94 (39.00%) Analytics
6 71 (29.46%) Statistics
7 57 (23.65%) Deep Learning
8 50 (20.75%) Agile Software Development
9 47 (19.50%) Artificial Intelligence
10 39 (16.18%) Problem-Solving
11 35 (14.52%) Physics
12 28 (11.62%) Visualisation
13 25 (10.37%) Creative Problem-Solving
13 25 (10.37%) Prototyping
14 23 (9.54%) Neural Network
15 22 (9.13%) Computer Vision
16 21 (8.71%) Convolutional Neural Network
16 21 (8.71%) Data Analysis
16 21 (8.71%) ETL
16 21 (8.71%) Operations Research
Programming Languages
1 161 (66.80%) Python
2 73 (30.29%) R
3 61 (25.31%) SQL
4 59 (24.48%) C++
5 39 (16.18%) MATLAB
6 34 (14.11%) C#
7 26 (10.79%) Scala
8 23 (9.54%) Java
9 15 (6.22%) VBA
10 12 (4.98%) C
11 7 (2.90%) Perl
12 4 (1.66%) Ada
12 4 (1.66%) Bash Shell
13 3 (1.24%) JavaScript
14 1 (0.41%) Fortran
14 1 (0.41%) PowerShell
14 1 (0.41%) VB
Qualifications
1 99 (41.08%) Degree
2 50 (20.75%) Master's Degree
3 20 (8.30%) Numerate Degree
4 11 (4.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 10 (4.15%) CISA
5 10 (4.15%) CISM
5 10 (4.15%) CISSP
5 10 (4.15%) GCFA
5 10 (4.15%) GCIH
6 4 (1.66%) Security Cleared
7 3 (1.24%) SC Cleared
8 2 (0.83%) MBA
9 1 (0.41%) PMI Certification
9 1 (0.41%) PMP
9 1 (0.41%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (7.88%) QA
2 13 (5.39%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.41%) EMIR
3 1 (0.41%) GDPR
3 1 (0.41%) IFRS
3 1 (0.41%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 11 (4.56%) Apache Flume
2 10 (4.15%) Active Directory
3 3 (1.24%) HDFS
4 2 (0.83%) Docker
5 1 (0.41%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 10 (4.15%) CASB
2 2 (0.83%) Kubernetes
2 2 (0.83%) Netcool
2 2 (0.83%) NSN NetAct
2 2 (0.83%) OpenView
2 2 (0.83%) TeMIP
3 1 (0.41%) Kibana
3 1 (0.41%) Oozie
Vendors
1 27 (11.20%) Google
2 23 (9.54%) Microsoft
3 20 (8.30%) Hortonworks
4 16 (6.64%) Oracle
5 10 (4.15%) Darktrace
5 10 (4.15%) Thycotic
6 9 (3.73%) Cloudera
7 6 (2.49%) Tableau
8 2 (0.83%) Dataiku
8 2 (0.83%) Facebook
9 1 (0.41%) Alteryx
9 1 (0.41%) BMC
9 1 (0.41%) Databricks
9 1 (0.41%) Intel
9 1 (0.41%) Nokia
9 1 (0.41%) Remedy
9 1 (0.41%) VMware