Period
to 18 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 18 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
18 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 548 547 597
Rank change year-on-year -1 +50 +104
Contract jobs citing PhD 147 99 270
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.20% 0.29%
As % of the Qualifications category 1.25% 0.87% 1.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 85 43 189
10th Percentile £408 £322 £325
25th Percentile £450 £413 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £575
Median % change year-on-year +15.00% -13.04% -
75th Percentile £725 £619 £738
90th Percentile £825 £738 £825
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £500 £488
% change year-on-year -5.00% +2.56% +14.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 6 6
10th Percentile £19.34 " £26.44
25th Percentile £23.17 £51.25 £37.06
Median hourly rate £33.50 £55.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year -39.09% +10.00% +63.93%
75th Percentile £51.56 £60.94 £53.75
90th Percentile £52.44 £68.13 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.28 £66.25 £33.19
% change year-on-year -69.40% +99.64% +9.87%

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 11,758 11,399 17,592
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.52% 23.06% 19.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,702 7,320 11,054
10th Percentile £305 £263 £263
25th Percentile £400 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £475 £470
Median % change year-on-year +2.63% +1.06% +4.44%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £563
90th Percentile £655 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £440
% change year-on-year - +2.27% +7.32%
Number of hourly rates quoted 554 462 743
10th Percentile £14.47 £14.75 £12.61
25th Percentile £19.03 £18.00 £16.89
Median hourly rate £37.50 £30.03 £30.00
Median % change year-on-year +24.90% +0.08% +39.53%
75th Percentile £50.21 £49.19 £46.19
90th Percentile £61.88 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.47 £25.50 £28.53
% change year-on-year +35.19% -10.62% +35.86%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 18 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 10 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 18 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +26 133 £575 +15.00% 242
London +14 101 £673 +41.58% 71
UK excluding London +23 27 £475 -5.00% 189
Work from Home -241 23 £450 - 31
South East +22 13 £429 -14.25% 56
East of England +16 6 £565 +13.00% 51
South West +46 4 £425 +6.25% 19
Scotland -21 3 - - 16
East Midlands +8 1 £475 +239.29% 9
Midlands +4 1 £475 +239.29% 14

For the 6 months to 18 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 90 (61.22%) Python
2 72 (48.98%) Finance
3 52 (35.37%) Degree
4 51 (34.69%) Mathematics
5 47 (31.97%) Azure
5 47 (31.97%) Data Science
6 44 (29.93%) Machine Learning
7 43 (29.25%) Agile Software Development
8 37 (25.17%) TensorFlow
9 36 (24.49%) NumPy
10 34 (23.13%) Statistics
10 34 (23.13%) Keras
11 33 (22.45%) Computer Science
12 30 (20.41%) SciPy
13 29 (19.73%) ETL
14 26 (17.69%) Analytics
15 25 (17.01%) Physics
16 24 (16.33%) Front Office
17 23 (15.65%) Artificial Intelligence
17 23 (15.65%) Social Skills
18 22 (14.97%) Analytical Skills
18 22 (14.97%) Software Engineering
19 18 (12.24%) R
19 18 (12.24%) C++
20 17 (11.56%) SQL
20 17 (11.56%) AWS
21 16 (10.88%) Algorithms
22 15 (10.20%) Coaching
22 15 (10.20%) Social Science
22 15 (10.20%) Tandem

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (6.80%) Apache Spark
2 7 (4.76%) SAS
3 2 (1.36%) Jupyter
4 1 (0.68%) Apache Airflow
4 1 (0.68%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 2 (1.36%) Blender
1 2 (1.36%) Maya
1 2 (1.36%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.36%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.68%) Simulink
2 1 (0.68%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 1 (0.68%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 47 (31.97%) Azure
2 17 (11.56%) AWS
3 14 (9.52%) GCP
4 9 (6.12%) Power Platform
5 7 (4.76%) Azure Data Factory
5 7 (4.76%) Serverless
6 6 (4.08%) Azure Functions
7 2 (1.36%) Amazon EMR
7 2 (1.36%) Amazon S3
8 1 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 1 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (0.68%) Amazon ECS
8 1 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
8 1 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (0.68%) AWS Fargate
8 1 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (0.68%) GitHub
8 1 (0.68%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 2 (1.36%) 4G
2 1 (0.68%) 3GPP
2 1 (0.68%) 5G
2 1 (0.68%) HTTP
2 1 (0.68%) LTE
2 1 (0.68%) MIMO
2 1 (0.68%) Radio Access Network
2 1 (0.68%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (6.80%) Data Mining
2 9 (6.12%) Power BI
3 7 (4.76%) Hadoop
4 6 (4.08%) Big Data
5 5 (3.40%) Tableau
6 4 (2.72%) Relational Database
7 3 (2.04%) Apache Hive
7 3 (2.04%) Data Mart
7 3 (2.04%) SQL Server
8 2 (1.36%) Amazon Redshift
8 2 (1.36%) Neo4j
8 2 (1.36%) PolyBase
8 2 (1.36%) QlikView
9 1 (0.68%) Amazon Athena
9 1 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 1 (0.68%) BigQuery
9 1 (0.68%) Electronic Patient Records
9 1 (0.68%) Geospatial Data
9 1 (0.68%) NoSQL
9 1 (0.68%) RDBMS
Development Applications
1 12 (8.16%) Git (software)
2 2 (1.36%) Visual Studio
3 1 (0.68%) Jasmine
3 1 (0.68%) Jenkins
3 1 (0.68%) Karma Test Runner
3 1 (0.68%) Moq
3 1 (0.68%) NUnit
3 1 (0.68%) Team Foundation Server
3 1 (0.68%) webpack
General
1 72 (48.98%) Finance
2 24 (16.33%) Front Office
3 23 (15.65%) Social Skills
4 22 (14.97%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (10.20%) Social Science
6 14 (9.52%) Banking
7 8 (5.44%) Investment Banking
8 7 (4.76%) Marketing
8 7 (4.76%) Presentation Skills
9 5 (3.40%) Back Office
9 5 (3.40%) Financial Institution
9 5 (3.40%) Law
10 4 (2.72%) Legal
10 4 (2.72%) Pharmaceutical
10 4 (2.72%) Retail
11 2 (1.36%) Games
11 2 (1.36%) Manufacturing
11 2 (1.36%) Public Sector
12 1 (0.68%) Advertising
12 1 (0.68%) Influencing Skills
Job Titles
1 46 (31.29%) Developer
2 38 (25.85%) Data Scientist
3 32 (21.77%) Quantitative Developer
4 31 (21.09%) Analyst
5 20 (13.61%) Qualitative Analyst
5 20 (13.61%) Quantitative Analyst
6 17 (11.56%) Senior Data Scientist
7 14 (9.52%) Python Developer
8 10 (6.80%) C# Developer
8 10 (6.80%) Energy Trading Developer
9 9 (6.12%) User Researcher
10 8 (5.44%) Analyst Developer
11 7 (4.76%) Software Engineer
12 6 (4.08%) C# Developer - Investment Banking
12 6 (4.08%) C# Quant Developer
12 6 (4.08%) Lead Developer
12 6 (4.08%) Quantitative Analyst Developer
12 6 (4.08%) User Experience Researcher
13 5 (3.40%) Computer Vision Scientist
13 5 (3.40%) Senior User Researcher
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 37 (25.17%) TensorFlow
2 36 (24.49%) NumPy
3 34 (23.13%) Keras
4 30 (20.41%) SciPy
5 12 (8.16%) .NET
5 12 (8.16%) PyTorch
6 9 (6.12%) .NET Framework
7 7 (4.76%) Pandas
7 7 (4.76%) scikit-learn
8 6 (4.08%) RESTful
9 4 (2.72%) PySpark
10 3 (2.04%) Entity Framework
10 3 (2.04%) Kafka
11 2 (1.36%) AngularJS
11 2 (1.36%) Managed Extensibility Framework
11 2 (1.36%) Matplotlib
11 2 (1.36%) Node.js
11 2 (1.36%) OpenCV
11 2 (1.36%) Velocity
11 2 (1.36%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 16 (10.88%) Algorithms
2 15 (10.20%) Tandem
3 12 (8.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 11 (7.48%) User Experience
5 6 (4.08%) Data Structures
5 6 (4.08%) Social Media
6 5 (3.40%) Credit Risk
7 4 (2.72%) FMCG
7 4 (2.72%) Market Risk
8 3 (2.04%) Augmented Reality
8 3 (2.04%) Greenfield Project
8 3 (2.04%) Life Science
9 2 (1.36%) Biotechnology
9 2 (1.36%) Equities
9 2 (1.36%) Fixed Income
9 2 (1.36%) Management Information System
9 2 (1.36%) NHS
10 1 (0.68%) EPoS
10 1 (0.68%) Verilog
10 1 (0.68%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 2 (1.36%) Windows
2 1 (0.68%) Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (34.69%) Mathematics
2 47 (31.97%) Data Science
3 44 (29.93%) Machine Learning
4 43 (29.25%) Agile Software Development
5 34 (23.13%) Statistics
6 33 (22.45%) Computer Science
7 29 (19.73%) ETL
8 26 (17.69%) Analytics
9 25 (17.01%) Physics
10 23 (15.65%) Artificial Intelligence
11 22 (14.97%) Software Engineering
12 15 (10.20%) Coaching
12 15 (10.20%) Neural Network
12 15 (10.20%) Psychology
13 14 (9.52%) Problem-Solving
13 14 (9.52%) Visualisation
14 13 (8.84%) Computer Vision
14 13 (8.84%) Decision-Making
15 12 (8.16%) DevOps
15 12 (8.16%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 90 (61.22%) Python
2 18 (12.24%) C++
2 18 (12.24%) R
3 17 (11.56%) SQL
4 14 (9.52%) C#
5 9 (6.12%) Java
6 7 (4.76%) JavaScript
7 4 (2.72%) MATLAB
7 4 (2.72%) TypeScript
8 3 (2.04%) SPARQL
9 2 (1.36%) C
9 2 (1.36%) Scala
9 2 (1.36%) XAML
10 1 (0.68%) ES6
10 1 (0.68%) Go
10 1 (0.68%) Haskell
10 1 (0.68%) Julia
10 1 (0.68%) ML
10 1 (0.68%) Perl
10 1 (0.68%) VBA
Qualifications
1 52 (35.37%) Degree
2 8 (5.44%) Computer Science Degree
3 7 (4.76%) Master's Degree
3 7 (4.76%) Numerate Degree
4 4 (2.72%) SC Cleared
4 4 (2.72%) Security Cleared
5 2 (1.36%) MCTS
5 2 (1.36%) Microsoft Certification
5 2 (1.36%) PMP
6 1 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.68%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.72%) IFRS
1 4 (2.72%) IFRS 9
2 3 (2.04%) QA
3 1 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.68%) GDPR
System Software
1 1 (0.68%) Docker
Systems Management
1 2 (1.36%) Grafana
2 1 (0.68%) Ansible
2 1 (0.68%) Terraform
Vendors
1 4 (2.72%) Databricks
2 2 (1.36%) Microsoft
3 1 (0.68%) Cadence
3 1 (0.68%) Facebook
3 1 (0.68%) Google
3 1 (0.68%) Intel
3 1 (0.68%) SAP
3 1 (0.68%) Xilinx