Period
to 4 December 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for PhD qualifications. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered over the 6 months to 4 December 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, DPhil, EngD, Doctorate)
UK
6 months to
4 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 480 552 669
Rank change year-on-year +72 +117 -1
Contract jobs citing PhD 86 243 236
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.30% 0.23%
As % of the Qualifications category 0.97% 1.44% 1.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 57 174 130
Median daily rate £500 £600 £600
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -16.67% - -2.64%
10th Percentile £319 £363 £379
90th Percentile £735 £803 £850
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £595 £500
% change year-on-year -20.17% +19.00% -9.09%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 8 11
Median hourly rate £45.00 £52.50 £44.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -14.29% +19.32% +33.33%
10th Percentile £32.95 £18.00 £33.75
90th Percentile £61.25 £55.58 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £57.50 £37.03 -
% change year-on-year +55.27% - -

PhD is in the Academic Qualifications and Professional Certifications category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for academic qualifications or professional certifications.

All Academic and Professional Certifications
UK
Contract vacancies requiring academic qualifications or professional certifications 8,891 16,914 19,800
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 23.44% 20.59% 19.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,345 10,392 11,735
Median daily rate £475 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +2.78% +5.88%
10th Percentile £281 £259 £256
90th Percentile £638 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 578 836 974
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +32.08% +4.70%
10th Percentile £15.12 £14.36 £13.00
90th Percentile £64.50 £57.50 £51.00
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £26.50
% change year-on-year - +32.08% -1.85%

PhD
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PhD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Daily rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PhD.

Hourly rate trend for PhD in the UK

PhD
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PhD over the 6 months to 4 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PhD in the UK

PhD
Top 9 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PhD within the UK over the 6 months to 4 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +99 81 £583 -2.92% 122
London +53 57 £650 +8.33% 51
UK excluding London +185 21 £475 -20.17% 77
Work from Home -139 17 £463 -22.27% 17
South East +132 7 £350 -40.17% 23
Midlands +86 7 £475 +239.29% 8
East Midlands +52 7 £475 +239.29% 7
East of England +69 5 £320 -46.67% 18
South West +108 2 £425 - 16

For the 6 months to 4 December 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PhD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PhD.

1 43 (50.00%) Python
2 42 (48.84%) Computer Science
3 37 (43.02%) Degree
4 32 (37.21%) Mathematics
5 27 (31.40%) Machine Learning
6 26 (30.23%) Data Science
7 23 (26.74%) Java
7 23 (26.74%) Algorithms
8 22 (25.58%) Agile Software Development
8 22 (25.58%) Software Engineering
9 20 (23.26%) Analytics
10 17 (19.77%) CUDA
10 17 (19.77%) SQL
10 17 (19.77%) C++
11 16 (18.60%) Banking
11 16 (18.60%) Statistics
11 16 (18.60%) R
12 15 (17.44%) Physics
13 14 (16.28%) Psychology
13 14 (16.28%) Artificial Intelligence
13 14 (16.28%) Master's Degree
14 13 (15.12%) Quantitative Research
15 12 (13.95%) Investment Banking
15 12 (13.95%) Numerate Degree
16 11 (12.79%) Data Structures
16 11 (12.79%) Image Processing
16 11 (12.79%) Visualisation
17 10 (11.63%) Big Data
17 10 (11.63%) TensorFlow
17 10 (11.63%) Computer Vision

PhD
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (9.30%) Apache Spark
2 6 (6.98%) SAS
3 1 (1.16%) BizTalk Server
3 1 (1.16%) Confluence
Applications
1 1 (1.16%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 9 (10.47%) AWS
2 7 (8.14%) Azure
2 7 (8.14%) GCP
3 1 (1.16%) Amazon EMR
3 1 (1.16%) AWS IoT
3 1 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
3 1 (1.16%) Google Analytics
3 1 (1.16%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.16%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (11.63%) Big Data
2 7 (8.14%) Tableau
3 6 (6.98%) Spotfire
4 5 (5.81%) Hadoop
5 4 (4.65%) Data Mining
6 3 (3.49%) NoSQL
6 3 (3.49%) Relational Database
7 2 (2.33%) Blockchain
7 2 (2.33%) Text Mining
8 1 (1.16%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (1.16%) Apache Hive
8 1 (1.16%) Data Mart
8 1 (1.16%) Geospatial Data
8 1 (1.16%) Neo4j
8 1 (1.16%) PolyBase
8 1 (1.16%) Power BI
8 1 (1.16%) Triplestore
Development Applications
1 8 (9.30%) Git (software)
2 6 (6.98%) Visual Studio
3 2 (2.33%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (1.16%) JIRA
General
1 16 (18.60%) Banking
2 12 (13.95%) Investment Banking
3 10 (11.63%) Marketing
4 8 (9.30%) Finance
4 8 (9.30%) Pharmaceutical
5 7 (8.14%) Social Science
6 5 (5.81%) Front Office
7 3 (3.49%) Electronics
8 1 (1.16%) Advertising
8 1 (1.16%) Financial Institution
8 1 (1.16%) Law
8 1 (1.16%) Manufacturing
8 1 (1.16%) Music Industry
8 1 (1.16%) Police
8 1 (1.16%) Public Sector
8 1 (1.16%) Retail
8 1 (1.16%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 24 (27.91%) Developer
2 10 (11.63%) Data Scientist
3 8 (9.30%) Electronic Trading Developer
3 8 (9.30%) Electronic Trading Java Developer
3 8 (9.30%) Investment Banking Java Developer
3 8 (9.30%) Java Developer
3 8 (9.30%) Low Latency Java Developer
4 7 (8.14%) Quantitative Developer
4 7 (8.14%) Software Engineer
5 6 (6.98%) Data Programmer
5 6 (6.98%) Programmer
5 6 (6.98%) Senior Programmer
5 6 (6.98%) User Experience Researcher
5 6 (6.98%) User Researcher
6 5 (5.81%) Computer Engineer
6 5 (5.81%) Computer Vision Engineer
7 4 (4.65%) C++ Software Engineer
7 4 (4.65%) Machine Learning Engineer
7 4 (4.65%) Research Engineer
7 4 (4.65%) Research Scientist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (11.63%) TensorFlow
2 9 (10.47%) OpenCL
3 7 (8.14%) PyTorch
4 6 (6.98%) scikit-learn
4 6 (6.98%) Shiny
5 5 (5.81%) Natural Language Processing
6 4 (4.65%) OpenCV
6 4 (4.65%) RESTful
7 3 (3.49%) .NET
7 3 (3.49%) Keras
7 3 (3.49%) NumPy
8 2 (2.33%) .NET Core
8 2 (2.33%) .NET Framework
8 2 (2.33%) Autofac
8 2 (2.33%) Entity Framework
8 2 (2.33%) Managed Extensibility Framework
8 2 (2.33%) Pandas
8 2 (2.33%) Silverlight
8 2 (2.33%) WCF
8 2 (2.33%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 23 (26.74%) Algorithms
2 17 (19.77%) CUDA
3 11 (12.79%) Data Structures
4 9 (10.47%) User Experience
5 8 (9.30%) Fixed Income
6 6 (6.98%) Social Media
7 4 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (4.65%) Derivative
8 2 (2.33%) FMCG
8 2 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (2.33%) SIMD
9 1 (1.16%) Credit Risk
9 1 (1.16%) EPoS
9 1 (1.16%) Internet of Things
9 1 (1.16%) Life Science
9 1 (1.16%) PMI
9 1 (1.16%) Public Cloud
9 1 (1.16%) Renewable Energy
9 1 (1.16%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 5 (5.81%) Linux
2 2 (2.33%) Windows
3 1 (1.16%) Android
3 1 (1.16%) HPUX
3 1 (1.16%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 42 (48.84%) Computer Science
2 32 (37.21%) Mathematics
3 27 (31.40%) Machine Learning
4 26 (30.23%) Data Science
5 22 (25.58%) Agile Software Development
5 22 (25.58%) Software Engineering
6 20 (23.26%) Analytics
7 16 (18.60%) Statistics
8 15 (17.44%) Physics
9 14 (16.28%) Artificial Intelligence
9 14 (16.28%) Psychology
10 13 (15.12%) Quantitative Research
11 11 (12.79%) Image Processing
11 11 (12.79%) Visualisation
12 10 (11.63%) Computer Vision
12 10 (11.63%) OO
12 10 (11.63%) OOP
13 9 (10.47%) Deep Learning
14 8 (9.30%) Low Latency
14 8 (9.30%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 43 (50.00%) Python
2 23 (26.74%) Java
3 17 (19.77%) C++
3 17 (19.77%) SQL
4 16 (18.60%) R
5 7 (8.14%) C
5 7 (8.14%) C#
6 6 (6.98%) Scala
7 2 (2.33%) Haskell
7 2 (2.33%) Kotlin
7 2 (2.33%) XAML
8 1 (1.16%) JavaScript
8 1 (1.16%) VBA
Qualifications
1 37 (43.02%) Degree
2 14 (16.28%) Master's Degree
3 12 (13.95%) Numerate Degree
4 4 (4.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (2.33%) PMP
6 1 (1.16%) PgMP
6 1 (1.16%) PMI Certification
6 1 (1.16%) Postgraduate
6 1 (1.16%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
6 1 (1.16%) SC Cleared
6 1 (1.16%) Security Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.16%) QA
1 1 (1.16%) SLA
System Software
1 1 (1.16%) Docker
Vendors
1 6 (6.98%) Google
2 4 (4.65%) Databricks
2 4 (4.65%) Microsoft
3 2 (2.33%) IBM
4 1 (1.16%) Adobe
4 1 (1.16%) Facebook
4 1 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
4 1 (1.16%) SAP