Period
to 15 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for Kubernetes skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Kubernetes over the 6 months to 15 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kubernetes (k8s)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
15 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 85 137 321
Rank change year-on-year +52 +184 +227
Contract jobs citing Kubernetes 1,156 1,050 367
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 2.66% 1.89% 0.68%
As % of the Systems Management category 18.64% 13.92% 6.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 822 664 237
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £500 £484
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.31% +1.89%
10th Percentile £400 £400 £375
90th Percentile £650 £625 £605
UK median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 3 0
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £47.33 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.49% - -
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year -1.18% +21.43% -

Kubernetes is in the Systems Management category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for systems management skills.

All Systems Management Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for systems management skills 6,203 7,545 6,055
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 14.28% 13.59% 11.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,955 4,580 3,771
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £443 £423
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.69% +4.73% +5.63%
10th Percentile £225 £263 £231
90th Percentile £613 £588 £586
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 285 212
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £16.30
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +7.38% -22.39%
10th Percentile £13.00 £12.14 £10.75
90th Percentile £47.97 £47.00 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +14.29% - -16.67%

Kubernetes
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing Kubernetes as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Kubernetes in the UK excluding London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Kubernetes in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK excluding London

Kubernetes
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Kubernetes in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 15 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Kubernetes in the UK excluding London

Kubernetes
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Kubernetes in the UK excluding London

Kubernetes
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Kubernetes within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 15 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
North of England +64 327 £475 -0.52% 117
South East +45 320 £525 +5.00% 140
South West +24 235 £550 +2.33% 62
North West +41 154 £495 -1.00% 63
Yorkshire +65 118 £500 +11.11% 43
Midlands +39 91 £500 +6.67% 87
East of England +49 79 £500 -4.76% 95
Scotland -3 65 £525 +5.00% 46
North East +36 55 £438 -16.67% 11
East Midlands +38 47 £425 +6.25% 31
West Midlands +17 44 £550 +15.18% 56
Wales +34 36 £488 -4.18% 17
Northern Ireland +5 6 £575 +35.29% 1
Kubernetes
UK

For the 6 months to 15 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Kubernetes also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for Kubernetes.

1 856 (74.05%) Docker
2 787 (68.08%) DevOps
3 574 (49.65%) AWS
4 523 (45.24%) Azure
5 488 (42.21%) Agile Software Development
6 420 (36.33%) Python
7 410 (35.47%) Ansible
8 405 (35.03%) Terraform
9 379 (32.79%) Linux
10 340 (29.41%) Microservices
11 335 (28.98%) Jenkins
12 323 (27.94%) Java
13 235 (20.33%) Puppet
14 220 (19.03%) Git (software)
15 183 (15.83%) GCP
16 170 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
17 168 (14.53%) OpenShift
18 164 (14.19%) Infrastructure as Code
19 163 (14.10%) Scrum
20 155 (13.41%) JavaScript
21 150 (12.98%) Bash Shell
22 148 (12.80%) .NET
23 142 (12.28%) Test Automation
24 140 (12.11%) Opscode Chef
25 138 (11.94%) Software Engineering
26 134 (11.59%) C#
27 129 (11.16%) SQL
28 125 (10.81%) Microsoft
29 123 (10.64%) PaaS
30 119 (10.29%) TDD

Kubernetes
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (5.02%) Elasticsearch
2 50 (4.33%) Confluence
2 50 (4.33%) nginx
3 40 (3.46%) OpenStack
4 38 (3.29%) Apache
5 28 (2.42%) Cloud Foundry
6 26 (2.25%) Apache Spark
7 24 (2.08%) Tomcat
8 14 (1.21%) IIS
9 7 (0.61%) JBoss
10 5 (0.43%) Apache Pig
10 5 (0.43%) Camunda
10 5 (0.43%) WebSphere
11 3 (0.26%) Apache Solr
11 3 (0.26%) CMS
11 3 (0.26%) Drupal
11 3 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2010
11 3 (0.26%) Exchange Server 2013
11 3 (0.26%) GemFire
11 3 (0.26%) MS Exchange
Applications
1 1 (0.087%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 16 (1.38%) Sonata
2 6 (0.52%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.35%) Oracle Cash Management
4 3 (0.26%) Eikon
5 2 (0.17%) NetSuite
5 2 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.17%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.087%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.087%) Finacle
6 1 (0.087%) RMDS
6 1 (0.087%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 574 (49.65%) AWS
2 523 (45.24%) Azure
3 183 (15.83%) GCP
4 168 (14.53%) OpenShift
5 123 (10.64%) PaaS
6 103 (8.91%) Serverless
7 80 (6.92%) SaaS
8 78 (6.75%) IaaS
9 73 (6.31%) GitHub
10 65 (5.62%) AWS CloudFormation
11 54 (4.67%) Amazon EC2
12 49 (4.24%) Amazon S3
13 46 (3.98%) AWS Lambda
14 34 (2.94%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 28 (2.42%) Amazon EKS
16 27 (2.34%) Amazon ECS
17 25 (2.16%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 23 (1.99%) Amazon ELB
18 23 (1.99%) Cloud Computing
19 21 (1.82%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 30 (2.60%) DNS
2 26 (2.25%) HTTP
3 22 (1.90%) TCP/IP
4 18 (1.56%) Firewall
5 13 (1.12%) VPN
6 12 (1.04%) SSL
7 11 (0.95%) Internet
8 10 (0.87%) SAN
9 9 (0.78%) OpenVPN
9 9 (0.78%) WAN
10 8 (0.69%) DHCP
10 8 (0.69%) LAN
11 7 (0.61%) DSL
12 6 (0.52%) Broadband
12 6 (0.52%) Wireless
13 5 (0.43%) Kerberos
13 5 (0.43%) Multicast
14 4 (0.35%) FTP
14 4 (0.35%) IPsec
14 4 (0.35%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 102 (8.82%) MongoDB
2 78 (6.75%) MySQL
3 69 (5.97%) PostgreSQL
4 61 (5.28%) NoSQL
5 60 (5.19%) Big Data
6 58 (5.02%) SQL Server
7 48 (4.15%) Hadoop
8 46 (3.98%) Relational Database
9 38 (3.29%) Apache Cassandra
10 34 (2.94%) Amazon RDS
11 24 (2.08%) Oracle Database
11 24 (2.08%) RDBMS
12 21 (1.82%) Redis
13 19 (1.64%) Apache Hive
14 18 (1.56%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 18 (1.56%) Data Lake
15 17 (1.47%) MariaDB
16 15 (1.30%) BigQuery
16 15 (1.30%) HBase
17 13 (1.12%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 335 (28.98%) Jenkins
2 220 (19.03%) Git (software)
3 105 (9.08%) JIRA
4 85 (7.35%) GitLab
5 60 (5.19%) Sonatype Nexus
6 53 (4.58%) Artifactory
7 50 (4.33%) Selenium
8 49 (4.24%) Cucumber
8 49 (4.24%) SonarQube
9 48 (4.15%) Visual Studio Team System
10 46 (3.98%) Maven
11 45 (3.89%) TeamCity
12 41 (3.55%) Bitbucket
13 29 (2.51%) CircleCI
13 29 (2.51%) Mockito
14 27 (2.34%) JUnit
15 24 (2.08%) Subversion
16 22 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 20 (1.73%) Octopus Deploy
17 20 (1.73%) Vagrant
General
1 103 (8.91%) Finance
2 75 (6.49%) Public Sector
3 62 (5.36%) Banking
4 30 (2.60%) Telecoms
5 21 (1.82%) Retail
6 16 (1.38%) Publishing
7 13 (1.12%) Automotive
7 13 (1.12%) Law
8 12 (1.04%) Manufacturing
9 5 (0.43%) Financial Institution
9 5 (0.43%) Marketing
10 3 (0.26%) Games
10 3 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.17%) Back Office
11 2 (0.17%) Electronics
11 2 (0.17%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.17%) Military
12 1 (0.087%) Aerospace
12 1 (0.087%) Legal
12 1 (0.087%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 452 (39.10%) DevOps Engineer
2 257 (22.23%) Developer
3 127 (10.99%) AWS Engineer
4 109 (9.43%) AWS DevOps
5 96 (8.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
6 94 (8.13%) Azure Engineer
7 89 (7.70%) Architect
8 83 (7.18%) Azure DevOps
9 73 (6.31%) Azure DevOps Engineer
10 72 (6.23%) Cloud Engineer
11 71 (6.14%) Java Developer
12 69 (5.97%) Kubernetes Engineer
13 59 (5.10%) Senior DevOps
14 55 (4.76%) Platform Engineer
14 55 (4.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
15 47 (4.07%) Consultant
16 46 (3.98%) Senior Developer
17 38 (3.29%) Full Stack Developer
18 33 (2.85%) .NET Developer
19 32 (2.77%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 148 (12.80%) .NET
2 119 (10.29%) Node.js
3 86 (7.44%) React
4 82 (7.09%) Web Services
5 81 (7.01%) AngularJS
6 75 (6.49%) Spring
7 61 (5.28%) Kafka
8 59 (5.10%) .NET Core
9 56 (4.84%) REST
10 55 (4.76%) Spring Boot
11 51 (4.41%) HTML
12 50 (4.33%) CSS
13 49 (4.24%) RESTful
14 48 (4.15%) Elastic Stack
15 31 (2.68%) .NET Framework
16 30 (2.60%) Vue.js
17 28 (2.42%) RabbitMQ
18 25 (2.16%) jQuery
19 24 (2.08%) ASP.NET
19 24 (2.08%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 93 (8.04%) Public Cloud
2 66 (5.71%) Greenfield Project
3 58 (5.02%) Cloud Native
4 50 (4.33%) Data Centre
5 43 (3.72%) Enterprise Software
6 38 (3.29%) Analytical Skills
7 33 (2.85%) Linux Command Line
8 23 (1.99%) Hybrid Cloud
9 17 (1.47%) Self-Motivation
10 16 (1.38%) Mobile App
10 16 (1.38%) Replication
11 12 (1.04%) Private Cloud
11 12 (1.04%) User Experience
12 10 (0.87%) Clustering
12 10 (0.87%) Virtual Team
13 9 (0.78%) Algorithms
13 9 (0.78%) Management Information System
14 7 (0.61%) Life Science
15 6 (0.52%) NHS
16 5 (0.43%) IVR
Operating Systems
1 379 (32.79%) Linux
2 106 (9.17%) Windows
3 86 (7.44%) Unix
4 76 (6.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 55 (4.76%) CentOS
6 46 (3.98%) Windows Server
7 21 (1.82%) Ubuntu
8 17 (1.47%) Mac OS X
9 16 (1.38%) VMS
10 15 (1.30%) CoreOS
11 10 (0.87%) Android
11 10 (0.87%) Apple iOS
12 7 (0.61%) Solaris
12 7 (0.61%) Windows 8
13 4 (0.35%) AIX
13 4 (0.35%) Debian
14 3 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
15 2 (0.17%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.17%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
15 2 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 787 (68.08%) DevOps
2 488 (42.21%) Agile Software Development
3 340 (29.41%) Microservices
4 170 (14.71%) Continuous Integration
5 164 (14.19%) Infrastructure as Code
6 163 (14.10%) Scrum
7 142 (12.28%) Test Automation
8 138 (11.94%) Software Engineering
9 119 (10.29%) TDD
10 115 (9.95%) Configuration Management
11 97 (8.39%) Continuous Delivery
12 92 (7.96%) Kanban
13 88 (7.61%) Migration
14 85 (7.35%) BDD
15 77 (6.66%) Open Source
16 69 (5.97%) Problem-Solving
17 67 (5.80%) Mentoring
18 62 (5.36%) Site Reliability Engineering
19 50 (4.33%) Continuous Deployment
20 47 (4.07%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 420 (36.33%) Python
2 323 (27.94%) Java
3 155 (13.41%) JavaScript
4 150 (12.98%) Bash Shell
5 134 (11.59%) C#
6 129 (11.16%) SQL
7 105 (9.08%) PowerShell
8 73 (6.31%) Go
9 67 (5.80%) Shell Script
10 63 (5.45%) Ruby
11 54 (4.67%) Perl
12 51 (4.41%) TypeScript
13 49 (4.24%) Java 8
14 44 (3.81%) PHP
15 29 (2.51%) C
16 27 (2.34%) Groovy
17 22 (1.90%) Kotlin
18 16 (1.38%) Scala
19 15 (1.30%) C++
20 12 (1.04%) Rust
Qualifications
1 117 (10.12%) Security Cleared
2 83 (7.18%) SC Cleared
3 46 (3.98%) Degree
4 17 (1.47%) DV Cleared
5 16 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
5 16 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 11 (0.95%) AWS Certification
7 8 (0.69%) RHCE
8 7 (0.61%) CCA
9 6 (0.52%) SANS
10 5 (0.43%) CCNA
10 5 (0.43%) Cisco Certification
10 5 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
10 5 (0.43%) RHCSA
11 4 (0.35%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.26%) Master's Degree
12 3 (0.26%) MCSE
13 2 (0.17%) CCNP
13 2 (0.17%) CISSP
13 2 (0.17%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 27 (2.34%) QA
2 7 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 6 (0.52%) NIST
4 5 (0.43%) NCSC
5 3 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.17%) SLA
7 1 (0.087%) GDPR
7 1 (0.087%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.087%) PSD2
System Software
1 856 (74.05%) Docker
2 44 (3.81%) Virtual Machines
3 42 (3.63%) Active Directory
4 32 (2.77%) VMware Infrastructure
5 26 (2.25%) LXC
6 22 (1.90%) NFS
7 21 (1.82%) Gluster
8 14 (1.21%) GlusterFS
8 14 (1.21%) HDFS
9 11 (0.95%) Hyper-V
10 10 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 10 (0.87%) vSphere
11 5 (0.43%) Apache Flume
11 5 (0.43%) Snort
11 5 (0.43%) VirtualBox
12 4 (0.35%) Ceph
12 4 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
13 2 (0.17%) vCloud
13 2 (0.17%) Xen
14 1 (0.087%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 410 (35.47%) Ansible
2 405 (35.03%) Terraform
3 235 (20.33%) Puppet
4 140 (12.11%) Opscode Chef
5 52 (4.50%) Prometheus
6 49 (4.24%) Grafana
7 33 (2.85%) Packer
8 32 (2.77%) Rancher
9 31 (2.68%) Docker Swarm
10 28 (2.42%) Salt
11 25 (2.16%) Kibana
12 22 (1.90%) Nagios
13 11 (0.95%) Mesos
14 10 (0.87%) Consul
15 9 (0.78%) FreeIPA
15 9 (0.78%) Hadoop YARN
15 9 (0.78%) HAProxy
16 8 (0.69%) logstash
17 7 (0.61%) Marathon
18 5 (0.43%) vRealize
Vendors
1 125 (10.81%) Microsoft
2 116 (10.03%) Google
3 77 (6.66%) VMware
4 65 (5.62%) Red Hat
5 60 (5.19%) Splunk
6 54 (4.67%) Oracle
7 39 (3.37%) Atlassian
8 20 (1.73%) Cloudera
8 20 (1.73%) Veracode
9 17 (1.47%) Black Duck
10 15 (1.30%) Cisco
10 15 (1.30%) New Relic
11 13 (1.12%) Hortonworks
12 12 (1.04%) Confluent
12 12 (1.04%) Tableau
13 10 (0.87%) IBM
14 9 (0.78%) AppDynamics
15 8 (0.69%) Dell
16 7 (0.61%) Remedy
16 7 (0.61%) SAP