Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Embedded Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Embedded Linux over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Embedded Linux
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 709 826 821
Rank change year-on-year +117 -5 +41
Contract jobs citing Embedded Linux 96 76 79
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.12% 0.073% 0.077%
As % of the Operating Systems category 0.55% 0.35% 0.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 32 25 6
UK median daily rate £438 £388 £344
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +12.90% +12.73% +1.10%
10th Percentile £315 £328 £257
90th Percentile £575 £490 £738
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £381 £375
% change year-on-year +4.92% +1.67% +15.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 32 42
UK median hourly rate £47.50 £51.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.86% +20.00% +1.19%
10th Percentile £40.88 £42.63 £35.13
90th Percentile £52.88 £51.23 £52.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £51.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -6.86% +20.00% +2.41%

Embedded Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 17,520 21,828 21,608
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.02% 21.00% 21.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,805 13,491 13,719
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
10th Percentile £145 £163 £170
90th Percentile £613 £606 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +1.94% +3.33% +1.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,298 1,490 1,311
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50
10th Percentile £11.24 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.11 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.66
% change year-on-year +3.03% -0.96% +7.48%

Embedded Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Embedded Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Embedded Linux in the UK

Embedded Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Embedded Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Embedded Linux in the UK

Embedded Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Embedded Linux over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Embedded Linux in the UK

Embedded Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Embedded Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Embedded Linux in the UK

Embedded Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Embedded Linux over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Embedded Linux in the UK

Embedded Linux
Top 11 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Embedded Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +109 91 £438 +12.90% 91
UK excluding London +54 59 £400 +4.92% 90
London +110 33 £450 -15.89% 4
South West +4 18 £425 +9.68% 6
South East +26 16 £425 +9.68% 31
North of England +33 13 £363 +3.57% 9
East of England +27 11 £390 +7.59% 32
Yorkshire +28 9 - - 3
North West +23 3 £363 +11.54% 4
North East - 1 - - 2
Wales - 1 - - 1

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Embedded Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Embedded Linux.

1 96 (100.00%) Linux
2 67 (69.79%) Software Engineering
3 64 (66.67%) C++
4 57 (59.38%) C
5 35 (36.46%) Embedded C
6 30 (31.25%) Python
7 23 (23.96%) Embedded C++
8 22 (22.92%) TCP/IP
9 19 (19.79%) Agile Software Development
10 15 (15.63%) Device Driver
10 15 (15.63%) Law
10 15 (15.63%) Firmware
10 15 (15.63%) Embedded Systems
11 14 (14.58%) Bash Shell
11 14 (14.58%) Wi-Fi
11 14 (14.58%) Android
12 13 (13.54%) Electronics
12 13 (13.54%) Telecoms
13 12 (12.50%) REST
14 11 (11.46%) Docker
14 11 (11.46%) Bluetooth
14 11 (11.46%) VoIP
14 11 (11.46%) Ethernet
14 11 (11.46%) Computer Science
15 10 (10.42%) MQTT
16 9 (9.38%) Flask
16 9 (9.38%) Microservices
16 9 (9.38%) Yocto
16 9 (9.38%) Django
16 9 (9.38%) Degree

Embedded Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Cloud Services
1 7 (7.29%) AWS IoT
2 4 (4.17%) AWS
2 4 (4.17%) AWS Lambda
2 4 (4.17%) Serverless
3 3 (3.13%) GitHub
4 2 (2.08%) Trello
Communications & Networking
1 22 (22.92%) TCP/IP
2 14 (14.58%) Wi-Fi
3 11 (11.46%) Bluetooth
3 11 (11.46%) Ethernet
3 11 (11.46%) VoIP
4 10 (10.42%) MQTT
5 8 (8.33%) 4G
5 8 (8.33%) 5G
6 7 (7.29%) LTE
6 7 (7.29%) Wireless
7 6 (6.25%) 3G
8 5 (5.21%) Internet
9 4 (4.17%) Asterisk PBX
9 4 (4.17%) ZigBee
9 4 (4.17%) Z-Wave
10 3 (3.13%) DVB
10 3 (3.13%) VPN
11 2 (2.08%) IPv4
11 2 (2.08%) IPv6
11 2 (2.08%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2 (2.08%) Big Data
Development Applications
1 8 (8.33%) JIRA
2 7 (7.29%) Git (software)
3 6 (6.25%) ClearCase
3 6 (6.25%) ClearQuest
3 6 (6.25%) CMake
3 6 (6.25%) Redmine
4 4 (4.17%) Eclipse
5 2 (2.08%) Rational DOORS
6 1 (1.04%) GCC
6 1 (1.04%) GDB
6 1 (1.04%) Subversion
6 1 (1.04%) Visual Studio
General
1 15 (15.63%) Law
2 13 (13.54%) Electronics
2 13 (13.54%) Telecoms
3 5 (5.21%) Retail
4 4 (4.17%) Manufacturing
5 1 (1.04%) Aerospace
5 1 (1.04%) Finance
5 1 (1.04%) Games
5 1 (1.04%) Military
Job Titles
1 58 (60.42%) Embedded Engineer
2 56 (58.33%) Software Engineer
3 49 (51.04%) Embedded Software Engineer
4 15 (15.63%) Developer
5 14 (14.58%) Linux Engineer
6 13 (13.54%) Embedded Linux Engineer
7 10 (10.42%) Embedded C++ Engineer
7 10 (10.42%) Python Developer
8 9 (9.38%) C++ Software Engineer
8 9 (9.38%) Embedded C Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) C Software Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) Embedded C Software Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
9 8 (8.33%) Firmware Engineer
10 7 (7.29%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
10 7 (7.29%) C/C++ Software Engineer
10 7 (7.29%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
11 4 (4.17%) Embedded Firmware Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (12.50%) REST
2 9 (9.38%) Django
2 9 (9.38%) Flask
2 9 (9.38%) Yocto
3 5 (5.21%) Qt
3 5 (5.21%) RESTful
4 2 (2.08%) Apache Avro
4 2 (2.08%) NumPy
4 2 (2.08%) OAuth
4 2 (2.08%) ONVIF
4 2 (2.08%) XML
5 1 (1.04%) .NET
5 1 (1.04%) 802.1X
5 1 (1.04%) Android NDK
5 1 (1.04%) Middleware
5 1 (1.04%) OpenEmbedded
5 1 (1.04%) POSIX
5 1 (1.04%) RabbitMQ
5 1 (1.04%) Web Services
5 1 (1.04%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 15 (15.63%) Device Driver
1 15 (15.63%) Embedded Systems
2 8 (8.33%) Linux Command Line
2 8 (8.33%) Self-Motivation
3 7 (7.29%) Smart Home
4 6 (6.25%) Algorithms
4 6 (6.25%) Video\Live Streaming
5 5 (5.21%) STB
6 4 (4.17%) Analogue Electronics
7 3 (3.13%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (3.13%) PKI
8 2 (2.08%) CAN bus
8 2 (2.08%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 2 (2.08%) User Experience
9 1 (1.04%) Client/Server
9 1 (1.04%) Digital TV
9 1 (1.04%) IPTV
9 1 (1.04%) Mobile App
9 1 (1.04%) Over-the-Top Content
Operating Systems
1 96 (100.00%) Linux
2 14 (14.58%) Android
3 8 (8.33%) Windows
4 4 (4.17%) Windows Embedded Compact
5 2 (2.08%) CentOS
5 2 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (1.04%) Debian
6 1 (1.04%) Fedora
6 1 (1.04%) FreeRTOS
6 1 (1.04%) Ubuntu
6 1 (1.04%) uClinux
6 1 (1.04%) Unix
6 1 (1.04%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 67 (69.79%) Software Engineering
2 19 (19.79%) Agile Software Development
3 11 (11.46%) Computer Science
4 9 (9.38%) Microservices
5 8 (8.33%) Android Development
5 8 (8.33%) Product Roadmap
5 8 (8.33%) Software Delivery
6 7 (7.29%) TDD
7 6 (6.25%) Scrum
8 5 (5.21%) Embedded Software Development
9 4 (4.17%) Configuration Management
9 4 (4.17%) Device Driver Development
9 4 (4.17%) Multithreading
9 4 (4.17%) Problem-Solving
10 3 (3.13%) Matrix Management
10 3 (3.13%) Matrix Organization
10 3 (3.13%) Open Source
10 3 (3.13%) SysML
10 3 (3.13%) UML
11 2 (2.08%) Software Architecture
Programming Languages
1 64 (66.67%) C++
2 57 (59.38%) C
3 35 (36.46%) Embedded C
4 30 (31.25%) Python
5 23 (23.96%) Embedded C++
6 14 (14.58%) Bash Shell
7 8 (8.33%) Go
7 8 (8.33%) Perl
8 3 (3.13%) Assembly Language
8 3 (3.13%) Java
9 2 (2.08%) C#
10 1 (1.04%) Java 8
10 1 (1.04%) JavaScript
10 1 (1.04%) Shell Script
10 1 (1.04%) SQL
Qualifications
1 9 (9.38%) Degree
2 6 (6.25%) Security Cleared
3 5 (5.21%) SC Cleared
4 3 (3.13%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (1.04%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (7.29%) QA
2 3 (3.13%) MISRA
3 1 (1.04%) IEC 62304
3 1 (1.04%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 15 (15.63%) Firmware
2 11 (11.46%) Docker
3 2 (2.08%) BusyBox
Vendors
1 2 (2.08%) Salesforce.com
2 1 (1.04%) Axiomatics
2 1 (1.04%) BT
2 1 (1.04%) Microsoft
2 1 (1.04%) NetIQ