Period
to 15 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 15 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 20 30 34
Rank change year-on-year +10 +4 +25
Contract jobs citing Python 7,746 6,618 5,262
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.43% 6.41% 5.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.59% 15.27% 12.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,212 4,790 3,539
UK median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 120 142 76
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -3.85%
10th Percentile £23.49 £25.03 £19.23
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.45 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,682 43,341 41,656
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.80% 41.99% 40.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,868 30,431 28,590
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +5.33%
10th Percentile £319 £308 £285
90th Percentile £644 £638 £590
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 698 779 876
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £39.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +0.95% +5.67%
10th Percentile £16.54 £16.25 £14.47
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.30 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £39.75
% change year-on-year +6.25% +0.63% +6.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 7,182 £525 - 2,602
London +2 4,651 £550 - 1,373
UK excluding London +12 3,003 £475 +5.56% 1,378
South East +11 844 £450 -5.26% 365
North of England +5 712 £490 +2.08% 236
Scotland +10 411 £475 +15.15% 88
South West +14 375 £480 +16.36% 223
North West +8 337 £500 - 115
Midlands +26 307 £475 -2.06% 116
Yorkshire +2 293 £460 -8.00% 88
East of England -8 269 £425 - 290
West Midlands +4 167 £487 +2.58% 69
East Midlands +35 134 £450 -10.00% 47
Wales -7 89 £456 +1.27% 37
North East +16 86 £500 -6.54% 33
Northern Ireland +47 35 £340 -5.62% 23

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,641 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
2 2,624 (33.88%) DevOps
3 2,585 (33.37%) Linux
4 2,481 (32.03%) Java
5 2,428 (31.35%) Amazon AWS
6 1,923 (24.83%) SQL
7 1,857 (23.97%) Jenkins
8 1,838 (23.73%) Docker
9 1,699 (21.93%) Ansible
10 1,492 (19.26%) Finance
11 1,424 (18.38%) Git (software)
12 1,247 (16.10%) JavaScript
13 1,244 (16.06%) Bash Shell
14 1,218 (15.72%) Puppet
15 1,139 (14.70%) Kubernetes
16 1,124 (14.51%) Test Automation
17 1,121 (14.47%) Continuous Integration
18 1,117 (14.42%) Terraform
19 1,049 (13.54%) Ruby
20 978 (12.63%) Perl
21 952 (12.29%) Unix
22 951 (12.28%) Hadoop
23 936 (12.08%) Big Data
24 935 (12.07%) Analytics
25 906 (11.70%) Opscode Chef
26 903 (11.66%) Microsoft Azure
27 890 (11.49%) Windows
28 833 (10.75%) TDD
29 817 (10.55%) Open Source
30 813 (10.50%) Data Science

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 747 (9.64%) Apache Spark
2 457 (5.90%) Elasticsearch
3 403 (5.20%) Apache
4 309 (3.99%) nginx
5 273 (3.52%) Confluence
6 226 (2.92%) Tomcat
7 162 (2.09%) SAS
8 151 (1.95%) Cloud Foundry
9 134 (1.73%) OpenStack
10 91 (1.17%) IIS
11 86 (1.11%) JBoss
12 83 (1.07%) Apache Solr
13 82 (1.06%) WebSphere
14 69 (0.89%) WebLogic
15 57 (0.74%) Jupyter
16 56 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
17 47 (0.61%) SharePoint
18 41 (0.53%) Apache Pig
19 33 (0.43%) CMS
19 33 (0.43%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 217 (2.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 63 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 58 (0.75%) MS Visio
4 44 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
5 40 (0.52%) Chatbot
6 38 (0.49%) Microsoft Project
7 18 (0.23%) SPSS
8 11 (0.14%) Simulink
9 9 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 8 (0.10%) Maya
11 7 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.052%) HipChat
12 4 (0.052%) Houdini
12 4 (0.052%) NUKE
13 3 (0.039%) 3ds Max
13 3 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
13 3 (0.039%) GNU Octave
14 2 (0.026%) Autodesk Smoke
14 2 (0.026%) Doxygen
14 2 (0.026%) InVision
Business Applications
1 17 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
2 16 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.21%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 14 (0.18%) ION MarketView
4 8 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
4 8 (0.10%) Unica
5 7 (0.090%) AquaLogic BPM
6 5 (0.065%) Magento
7 4 (0.052%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.052%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.039%) Endur
8 3 (0.039%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.026%) Dynamics AX
9 2 (0.026%) Markit EDM
9 2 (0.026%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.026%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.026%) PolarLake
9 2 (0.026%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.026%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.026%) ReMetrica
Cloud Services
1 2,428 (31.35%) Amazon AWS
2 903 (11.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 505 (6.52%) Google Cloud Platform
4 376 (4.85%) Amazon S3
5 369 (4.76%) GitHub
6 366 (4.73%) Serverless
7 356 (4.60%) Amazon EC2
8 337 (4.35%) AWS CloudFormation
9 286 (3.69%) AWS Lambda
10 249 (3.21%) PaaS
11 230 (2.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 182 (2.35%) OpenShift
13 164 (2.12%) Amazon EMR
14 159 (2.05%) IaaS
15 136 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
16 120 (1.55%) SaaS
17 100 (1.29%) npm
18 82 (1.06%) Route 53
19 80 (1.03%) Datadog
20 78 (1.01%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 307 (3.96%) HTTP
2 271 (3.50%) Firewall
3 239 (3.09%) TCP/IP
4 211 (2.72%) SSL
5 166 (2.14%) DNS
6 144 (1.86%) Internet
7 87 (1.12%) LAN
8 84 (1.08%) VPN
9 82 (1.06%) Wireless
10 73 (0.94%) DHCP
11 71 (0.92%) WAN
12 59 (0.76%) BGP
13 54 (0.70%) MPLS
14 51 (0.66%) Network Security
15 49 (0.63%) OSPF
16 48 (0.62%) SNMP
17 46 (0.59%) VLAN
18 44 (0.57%) Kerberos
19 43 (0.56%) SSH
20 42 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 951 (12.28%) Hadoop
2 936 (12.08%) Big Data
3 647 (8.35%) PostgreSQL
4 613 (7.91%) NoSQL
5 598 (7.72%) MongoDB
6 506 (6.53%) Relational Database
7 472 (6.09%) MySQL
8 470 (6.07%) SQL Server
9 401 (5.18%) Apache Hive
10 302 (3.90%) Apache Cassandra
11 243 (3.14%) Data Warehouse
12 182 (2.35%) HBase
13 178 (2.30%) Amazon Redshift
14 175 (2.26%) RDBMS
15 168 (2.17%) Redis
16 157 (2.03%) Power BI
17 146 (1.88%) Impala
18 129 (1.67%) Data Lake
19 122 (1.58%) Amazon RDS
20 113 (1.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,857 (23.97%) Jenkins
2 1,424 (18.38%) Git (software)
3 638 (8.24%) JIRA
4 457 (5.90%) Selenium
5 391 (5.05%) Maven
6 281 (3.63%) Subversion
7 258 (3.33%) TeamCity
8 246 (3.18%) Cucumber
9 213 (2.75%) GitLab
10 203 (2.62%) Sonatype Nexus
11 183 (2.36%) Bitbucket
12 182 (2.35%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 170 (2.19%) Artifactory
14 165 (2.13%) Gatling
15 153 (1.98%) Gradle
16 149 (1.92%) JUnit
17 131 (1.69%) gulp
18 130 (1.68%) Ant
19 122 (1.58%) Visual Studio Team System
20 117 (1.51%) SonarQube
General
1 1,492 (19.26%) Finance
2 705 (9.10%) Banking
3 326 (4.21%) Front Office
4 267 (3.45%) Retail
5 178 (2.30%) Telecoms
6 152 (1.96%) Investment Banking
7 128 (1.65%) Marketing
8 75 (0.97%) Financial Institution
9 71 (0.92%) Games
9 71 (0.92%) Legal
10 67 (0.86%) Publishing
11 59 (0.76%) Advertising
12 52 (0.67%) Electronics
13 49 (0.63%) Manufacturing
14 42 (0.54%) Law
15 34 (0.44%) Back Office
16 26 (0.34%) Automotive
16 26 (0.34%) Retail Banking
17 23 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
18 18 (0.23%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,543 (32.83%) Developer
2 1,558 (20.11%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,090 (14.07%) Python Developer
4 574 (7.41%) AWS Engineer
5 517 (6.67%) Data Engineer
6 446 (5.76%) Python Engineer
7 438 (5.65%) AWS DevOps
8 419 (5.41%) Architect
9 404 (5.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 343 (4.43%) Data Scientist
11 329 (4.25%) Software Engineer
12 328 (4.23%) Java Developer
13 327 (4.22%) Analyst
14 255 (3.29%) Senior Developer
15 245 (3.16%) Cloud Engineer
16 196 (2.53%) Big Data Engineer
17 191 (2.47%) Consultant
18 178 (2.30%) Software Developer
19 171 (2.21%) Senior DevOps
20 165 (2.13%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 658 (8.49%) Node.js
2 584 (7.54%) HTML
3 568 (7.33%) Web Services
4 495 (6.39%) Kafka
5 475 (6.13%) Django
6 463 (5.98%) CSS
7 417 (5.38%) React
8 404 (5.22%) AngularJS
8 404 (5.22%) REST
9 334 (4.31%) .NET
10 322 (4.16%) Elastic Stack
11 311 (4.01%) JSON
12 295 (3.81%) XML
13 271 (3.50%) RESTful
14 261 (3.37%) Spring
15 251 (3.24%) NumPy
16 247 (3.19%) Flask
17 236 (3.05%) Pandas
18 233 (3.01%) HTML5
19 183 (2.36%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 660 (8.52%) Analytical Skills
2 415 (5.36%) Algorithms
3 309 (3.99%) Greenfield Project
4 203 (2.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 197 (2.54%) Derivative
6 175 (2.26%) Linux Command Line
7 174 (2.25%) Data Structures
8 173 (2.23%) Data Centre
9 164 (2.12%) User Experience
10 156 (2.01%) Mobile App
11 151 (1.95%) Self-Motivation
12 149 (1.92%) Public Cloud
13 141 (1.82%) Fintech
14 129 (1.67%) Fixed Income
15 107 (1.38%) Enterprise Software
16 82 (1.06%) Cloud Native
17 81 (1.05%) Hedge funds
17 81 (1.05%) Management Information System
18 73 (0.94%) Equities
19 65 (0.84%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 2,585 (33.37%) Linux
2 952 (12.29%) Unix
3 890 (11.49%) Windows
4 447 (5.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 238 (3.07%) CentOS
6 205 (2.65%) Ubuntu
7 141 (1.82%) Android
8 116 (1.50%) Windows Server
9 107 (1.38%) Apple iOS
10 57 (0.74%) Solaris
11 42 (0.54%) Debian
12 38 (0.49%) Mac OS X
13 27 (0.35%) CoreOS
14 26 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
15 24 (0.31%) Embedded Linux
16 20 (0.26%) Fedora
17 18 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
18 17 (0.22%) Kali Linux
19 14 (0.18%) Windows 7
20 13 (0.17%) DC/OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,641 (34.10%) Agile Software Development
2 2,624 (33.88%) DevOps
3 1,124 (14.51%) Test Automation
4 1,121 (14.47%) Continuous Integration
5 935 (12.07%) Analytics
6 833 (10.75%) TDD
7 817 (10.55%) Open Source
8 813 (10.50%) Data Science
9 789 (10.19%) Software Engineering
10 784 (10.12%) Configuration Management
11 770 (9.94%) Scrum
12 736 (9.50%) Microservices
13 636 (8.21%) Machine Learning
14 568 (7.33%) Problem-Solving
15 497 (6.42%) ETL
16 496 (6.40%) Computer Science
17 475 (6.13%) OO
18 424 (5.47%) Continuous Delivery
19 415 (5.36%) BDD
20 408 (5.27%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 2,481 (32.03%) Java
2 1,923 (24.83%) SQL
3 1,247 (16.10%) JavaScript
4 1,244 (16.06%) Bash Shell
5 1,049 (13.54%) Ruby
6 978 (12.63%) Perl
7 804 (10.38%) C++
8 800 (10.33%) C#
9 651 (8.40%) Scala
10 531 (6.86%) R
11 509 (6.57%) PowerShell
12 492 (6.35%) Go
13 430 (5.55%) Shell Script
14 395 (5.10%) C
15 278 (3.59%) Groovy
16 274 (3.54%) PHP
17 144 (1.86%) MATLAB
18 123 (1.59%) ES6
19 117 (1.51%) Java 8
20 108 (1.39%) VBA
Qualifications
1 570 (7.36%) Security Cleared
2 562 (7.26%) Degree
3 431 (5.56%) SC Cleared
4 205 (2.65%) Computer Science Degree
5 162 (2.09%) PhD
6 144 (1.86%) AWS Certification
7 111 (1.43%) Master's Degree
8 101 (1.30%) DV Cleared
9 72 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
10 57 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
11 51 (0.66%) RHCE
12 48 (0.62%) CISSP
13 43 (0.56%) CCNP
14 42 (0.54%) Numerate Degree
15 40 (0.52%) CCNA
16 28 (0.36%) ISTQB
17 24 (0.31%) CISM
18 19 (0.25%) SANS
19 18 (0.23%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
19 18 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 248 (3.20%) QA
2 75 (0.97%) GDPR
3 72 (0.93%) Data Quality
4 24 (0.31%) HMG Infosec
4 24 (0.31%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 24 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 24 (0.31%) JSP 440
5 20 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 19 (0.25%) FINRA
7 17 (0.22%) SLA
8 16 (0.21%) MISRA
9 11 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 11 (0.14%) MISRA C
10 9 (0.12%) PMO
11 8 (0.10%) IFRS
11 8 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 8 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 7 (0.090%) HIPAA
12 7 (0.090%) MiFID
13 6 (0.077%) EMIR
System Software
1 1,838 (23.73%) Docker
2 161 (2.08%) VMware Infrastructure
3 142 (1.83%) Active Directory
4 122 (1.58%) HDFS
5 99 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
6 90 (1.16%) Apache Flume
7 50 (0.65%) NFS
8 47 (0.61%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 42 (0.54%) Hyper-V
10 41 (0.53%) KVM
11 40 (0.52%) Firmware
12 39 (0.50%) VirtualBox
13 36 (0.46%) vSphere
14 35 (0.45%) Xen
15 25 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
16 17 (0.22%) etcd
17 16 (0.21%) VMware NSX
18 15 (0.19%) flannel
19 13 (0.17%) Postfix
19 13 (0.17%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 1,699 (21.93%) Ansible
2 1,218 (15.72%) Puppet
3 1,139 (14.70%) Kubernetes
4 1,117 (14.42%) Terraform
5 906 (11.70%) Opscode Chef
6 206 (2.66%) Packer
7 196 (2.53%) Grafana
8 186 (2.40%) Kibana
9 178 (2.30%) Nagios
10 176 (2.27%) Prometheus
11 129 (1.67%) Salt
12 121 (1.56%) Hadoop YARN
12 121 (1.56%) ZABBIX
13 109 (1.41%) logstash
14 106 (1.37%) Mesos
15 84 (1.08%) Docker Swarm
16 83 (1.07%) Rancher
17 63 (0.81%) Consul
18 52 (0.67%) Oozie
18 52 (0.67%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 658 (8.49%) Oracle
2 501 (6.47%) Google
3 463 (5.98%) Microsoft
4 439 (5.67%) Splunk
5 411 (5.31%) Red Hat
6 249 (3.21%) VMware
7 237 (3.06%) Tableau
8 229 (2.96%) Cloudera
9 144 (1.86%) Cisco
10 125 (1.61%) Hortonworks
11 124 (1.60%) Atlassian
12 109 (1.41%) IBM
13 107 (1.38%) New Relic
14 90 (1.16%) ServiceNow
15 78 (1.01%) Informatica
15 78 (1.01%) SaltStack
16 72 (0.93%) Adobe
17 71 (0.92%) Alteryx
18 65 (0.84%) Teradata
19 58 (0.75%) SAP