Period
to 23 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 25 32 45
Rank change year-on-year +7 +13 +19
Contract jobs citing Python 6,997 5,399 4,273
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.92% 5.87% 4.03%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.09% 14.32% 10.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,853 3,729 2,971
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 144 91 87
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +4.11%
10th Percentile £13.90 £28.75 £22.77
90th Percentile £51.98 £47.83 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,493 37,692 40,633
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.02% 40.97% 38.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,426 25,832 27,738
UK median daily rate £463 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £313 £295 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.92% +1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 775 841 982
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.23% +5.19% +10.00%
10th Percentile £16.61 £16.17 £14.13
90th Percentile £51.85 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year - +3.23% +10.71%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 6,568 £525 +5.81% 2,367
London +3 4,305 £550 +7.32% 1,222
UK excluding London +7 2,624 £463 +8.82% 1,263
South East +1 775 £475 +6.74% 309
North of England +1 688 £450 +7.14% 236
North West +6 319 £500 +21.21% 119
Yorkshire -8 312 £450 +7.14% 96
Midlands +30 268 £500 +9.89% 138
South West +27 264 £450 - 188
East of England +7 261 £450 +10.09% 272
Scotland +1 246 £425 +13.33% 79
West Midlands +27 167 £500 +8.70% 102
Wales +12 97 £475 -5.00% 27
East Midlands +19 92 £475 +11.76% 35
North East +16 59 £413 +3.13% 21
Northern Ireland -7 31 £432 +12.08% 14

For the 6 months to 23 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,640 (37.73%) Linux
2 2,421 (34.60%) DevOps
3 2,363 (33.77%) Agile Software Development
4 2,348 (33.56%) Java
5 2,102 (30.04%) Amazon AWS
6 1,651 (23.60%) Jenkins
7 1,575 (22.51%) Ansible
8 1,554 (22.21%) SQL
9 1,552 (22.18%) Docker
10 1,457 (20.82%) Git (software)
11 1,447 (20.68%) Ruby
12 1,377 (19.68%) Bash Shell
13 1,256 (17.95%) Finance
14 1,178 (16.84%) Puppet
15 1,174 (16.78%) JavaScript
16 1,148 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
17 958 (13.69%) Perl
18 935 (13.36%) Unix
19 920 (13.15%) Configuration Management
19 920 (13.15%) Big Data
20 882 (12.61%) Analytics
21 836 (11.95%) Opscode Chef
22 802 (11.46%) Test Automation
23 798 (11.40%) C++
24 792 (11.32%) Kubernetes
25 774 (11.06%) Hadoop
26 767 (10.96%) TDD
27 762 (10.89%) Apache Spark
28 758 (10.83%) Open Source
29 756 (10.80%) Windows

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 762 (10.89%) Apache Spark
2 443 (6.33%) Apache
3 328 (4.69%) nginx
4 321 (4.59%) Confluence
5 281 (4.02%) Elasticsearch
6 208 (2.97%) Tomcat
7 140 (2.00%) OpenStack
8 137 (1.96%) Cloud Foundry
9 123 (1.76%) SAS
10 108 (1.54%) Apache Pig
11 90 (1.29%) Jupyter
12 80 (1.14%) JBoss
13 74 (1.06%) WebSphere
14 56 (0.80%) WebLogic
15 55 (0.79%) Apache Solr
16 54 (0.77%) IIS
17 49 (0.70%) CMS
18 48 (0.69%) Apache Airflow
19 40 (0.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 33 (0.47%) Jetty
Applications
1 152 (2.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (0.41%) Spreadsheet
3 28 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.31%) SPSS
5 19 (0.27%) HipChat
6 15 (0.21%) Chatbot
7 14 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 10 (0.14%) Stata
9 9 (0.13%) Photoshop
10 8 (0.11%) MS Visio
11 6 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
11 6 (0.086%) Microsoft Project
11 6 (0.086%) Simulink
12 5 (0.071%) CINEMA 4D
12 5 (0.071%) Doxygen
12 5 (0.071%) Vectorworks
13 4 (0.057%) Pipeline Pilot
13 4 (0.057%) Weka
14 3 (0.043%) Houdini
14 3 (0.043%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 31 (0.44%) Payment Gateway
2 14 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 13 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
4 12 (0.17%) Magento
5 9 (0.13%) R3 Corda
5 9 (0.13%) ReMetrica
5 9 (0.13%) RMDS
6 8 (0.11%) Summit
6 8 (0.11%) Temenos T24
7 6 (0.086%) ION MarketView
8 5 (0.071%) Dynamics CRM
8 5 (0.071%) Eloqua
9 4 (0.057%) BusinessWorks
9 4 (0.057%) HiPortfolio
10 3 (0.043%) Radian6
11 2 (0.029%) Markit EDM
11 2 (0.029%) Oracle EBS
12 1 (0.014%) Dynamics NAV
12 1 (0.014%) Global One
12 1 (0.014%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 2,102 (30.04%) Amazon AWS
2 750 (10.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 330 (4.72%) GitHub
4 314 (4.49%) Google Cloud Platform
5 309 (4.42%) Amazon EC2
6 285 (4.07%) Serverless
7 279 (3.99%) AWS CloudFormation
8 263 (3.76%) Amazon S3
9 241 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
10 200 (2.86%) PaaS
11 171 (2.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 168 (2.40%) Cloud Computing
13 132 (1.89%) IaaS
14 127 (1.82%) OpenShift
15 125 (1.79%) Route 53
16 122 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 76 (1.09%) npm
18 75 (1.07%) Amazon ELB
19 71 (1.01%) SaaS
20 66 (0.94%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 297 (4.24%) TCP/IP
2 256 (3.66%) Firewall
3 239 (3.42%) HTTP
4 207 (2.96%) DNS
5 180 (2.57%) SSL
6 138 (1.97%) Internet
7 70 (1.00%) WAN
8 64 (0.91%) LAN
8 64 (0.91%) Network Security
9 60 (0.86%) VPN
10 57 (0.81%) DHCP
10 57 (0.81%) Kerberos
11 50 (0.71%) SAN
12 48 (0.69%) SMS
13 44 (0.63%) VLAN
13 44 (0.63%) Wireless
14 43 (0.61%) BGP
15 40 (0.57%) FTP
16 34 (0.49%) MPLS
17 33 (0.47%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 920 (13.15%) Big Data
2 774 (11.06%) Hadoop
3 605 (8.65%) PostgreSQL
4 604 (8.63%) MySQL
5 594 (8.49%) NoSQL
6 516 (7.37%) Relational Database
7 492 (7.03%) MongoDB
8 449 (6.42%) SQL Server
9 303 (4.33%) Apache Hive
10 294 (4.20%) Data Warehouse
11 271 (3.87%) Apache Cassandra
12 209 (2.99%) HBase
13 197 (2.82%) Amazon RDS
14 188 (2.69%) RDBMS
15 171 (2.44%) Redis
16 166 (2.37%) Amazon Redshift
17 130 (1.86%) Power BI
18 112 (1.60%) Data Mining
19 104 (1.49%) Oracle Database
20 102 (1.46%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,651 (23.60%) Jenkins
2 1,457 (20.82%) Git (software)
3 601 (8.59%) JIRA
4 283 (4.04%) Maven
5 269 (3.84%) Subversion
6 263 (3.76%) Selenium
7 253 (3.62%) TeamCity
8 243 (3.47%) Sonatype Nexus
9 176 (2.52%) Artifactory
10 161 (2.30%) Cucumber
11 155 (2.22%) GitLab
12 128 (1.83%) JUnit
13 119 (1.70%) Gradle
14 118 (1.69%) Ant
15 115 (1.64%) Bitbucket
16 110 (1.57%) Vagrant
17 109 (1.56%) SonarQube
18 106 (1.51%) Visual Studio
19 101 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 74 (1.06%) gulp
General
1 1,256 (17.95%) Finance
2 657 (9.39%) Banking
3 346 (4.94%) Front Office
4 220 (3.14%) Investment Banking
5 197 (2.82%) Retail
6 168 (2.40%) Marketing
7 164 (2.34%) Telecoms
8 140 (2.00%) Games
9 93 (1.33%) Manufacturing
10 81 (1.16%) Publishing
11 76 (1.09%) Electronics
12 50 (0.71%) Financial Institution
13 48 (0.69%) Law
14 34 (0.49%) Advertising
15 31 (0.44%) Back Office
16 30 (0.43%) Automotive
16 30 (0.43%) Retail Banking
17 25 (0.36%) French Language
18 21 (0.30%) Legal
19 15 (0.21%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,290 (32.73%) Developer
2 1,495 (21.37%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,008 (14.41%) Python Developer
4 599 (8.56%) AWS Engineer
5 500 (7.15%) AWS DevOps
6 441 (6.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 434 (6.20%) Data Engineer
8 362 (5.17%) Analyst
9 349 (4.99%) Data Scientist
10 346 (4.94%) Python Engineer
11 304 (4.34%) Java Developer
12 292 (4.17%) Architect
13 265 (3.79%) Linux Engineer
14 255 (3.64%) Senior Developer
15 252 (3.60%) Software Engineer
16 246 (3.52%) Cloud Engineer
17 241 (3.44%) Senior DevOps
18 228 (3.26%) Consultant
19 216 (3.09%) Senior DevOps Engineer
20 212 (3.03%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 655 (9.36%) Web Services
2 619 (8.85%) HTML
3 568 (8.12%) Node.js
4 501 (7.16%) CSS
5 434 (6.20%) REST
6 427 (6.10%) Django
7 419 (5.99%) Kafka
8 339 (4.84%) Elastic Stack
9 318 (4.54%) React
10 317 (4.53%) XML
11 309 (4.42%) AngularJS
12 298 (4.26%) .NET
13 282 (4.03%) JSON
14 275 (3.93%) RESTful
15 207 (2.96%) HTML5
16 203 (2.90%) Spring
17 179 (2.56%) Flask
18 171 (2.44%) Pandas
19 162 (2.32%) RabbitMQ
20 155 (2.22%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 642 (9.18%) Analytical Skills
2 449 (6.42%) Computer Science
3 344 (4.92%) Algorithms
4 226 (3.23%) Greenfield Project
5 192 (2.74%) Linux Command Line
6 185 (2.64%) Derivative
7 175 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 149 (2.13%) Fixed Income
9 145 (2.07%) Data Structures
10 137 (1.96%) User Experience
11 132 (1.89%) Fintech
12 131 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
13 127 (1.82%) Public Cloud
14 125 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
15 121 (1.73%) Data Centre
16 93 (1.33%) Mobile App
17 87 (1.24%) Management Information System
18 82 (1.17%) iPad
19 76 (1.09%) Private Cloud
20 70 (1.00%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 2,640 (37.73%) Linux
2 935 (13.36%) Unix
3 756 (10.80%) Windows
4 479 (6.85%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 265 (3.79%) CentOS
6 188 (2.69%) Ubuntu
7 102 (1.46%) Windows Server
8 81 (1.16%) Android
9 59 (0.84%) Mac OS X
10 57 (0.81%) Apple iOS
11 46 (0.66%) Debian
11 46 (0.66%) Solaris
12 45 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
13 38 (0.54%) CoreOS
14 30 (0.43%) AIX
15 25 (0.36%) Windows Server 2012
16 22 (0.31%) DC/OS
17 17 (0.24%) VMS
18 14 (0.20%) Embedded Linux
19 12 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,421 (34.60%) DevOps
2 2,363 (33.77%) Agile Software Development
3 1,148 (16.41%) Continuous Integration
4 920 (13.15%) Configuration Management
5 882 (12.61%) Analytics
6 802 (11.46%) Test Automation
7 767 (10.96%) TDD
8 758 (10.83%) Open Source
9 705 (10.08%) Data Science
10 604 (8.63%) Scrum
11 595 (8.50%) Machine Learning
12 594 (8.49%) Software Engineering
13 586 (8.38%) Problem-Solving
14 470 (6.72%) Continuous Delivery
15 446 (6.37%) Microservices
16 408 (5.83%) OO
17 406 (5.80%) ETL
18 382 (5.46%) Migration
19 372 (5.32%) Business Intelligence
20 364 (5.20%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,348 (33.56%) Java
2 1,554 (22.21%) SQL
3 1,447 (20.68%) Ruby
4 1,377 (19.68%) Bash Shell
5 1,174 (16.78%) JavaScript
6 958 (13.69%) Perl
7 798 (11.40%) C++
8 753 (10.76%) C#
9 697 (9.96%) Scala
10 592 (8.46%) R
11 391 (5.59%) PowerShell
12 375 (5.36%) Shell Script
13 361 (5.16%) PHP
14 360 (5.15%) Groovy
15 329 (4.70%) Go
16 295 (4.22%) C
17 126 (1.80%) Java 8
18 115 (1.64%) VBA
19 89 (1.27%) MATLAB
20 84 (1.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 610 (8.72%) Degree
2 571 (8.16%) Security Cleared
3 437 (6.25%) SC Cleared
4 168 (2.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 115 (1.64%) PhD
6 107 (1.53%) AWS Certification
7 83 (1.19%) Master's Degree
8 65 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
9 62 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
10 55 (0.79%) DV Cleared
11 46 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
12 42 (0.60%) CCNP
13 36 (0.51%) CISSP
14 33 (0.47%) ISTQB
15 25 (0.36%) CCNA
16 22 (0.31%) ISEB
17 16 (0.23%) RHCE
17 16 (0.23%) SANS
18 15 (0.21%) CISM
18 15 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (3.56%) QA
2 119 (1.70%) GCP
3 107 (1.53%) Data Quality
4 48 (0.69%) GDPR
5 38 (0.54%) MiFID
6 27 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 25 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
8 16 (0.23%) EMIR
9 13 (0.19%) PMO
9 13 (0.19%) SLA
10 12 (0.17%) PCI DSS
11 9 (0.13%) CESG Infosec
11 9 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 8 (0.11%) GAAP
13 6 (0.086%) Dodd-Frank
13 6 (0.086%) Solvency II
14 5 (0.071%) IEC 62304
14 5 (0.071%) MISRA
14 5 (0.071%) MISRA C
15 3 (0.043%) IFRS
System Software
1 1,552 (22.18%) Docker
2 177 (2.53%) VMware Infrastructure
3 108 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
4 107 (1.53%) HDFS
5 90 (1.29%) Apache Flume
6 78 (1.11%) Active Directory
7 48 (0.69%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 41 (0.59%) Hyper-V
9 34 (0.49%) Xen
10 32 (0.46%) Firmware
10 32 (0.46%) VirtualBox
11 27 (0.39%) NFS
12 26 (0.37%) KVM
12 26 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
13 25 (0.36%) vSphere
14 23 (0.33%) VMware NSX
15 20 (0.29%) etcd
16 16 (0.23%) vCloud
17 14 (0.20%) flannel
18 13 (0.19%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 1,575 (22.51%) Ansible
2 1,178 (16.84%) Puppet
3 836 (11.95%) Opscode Chef
4 792 (11.32%) Kubernetes
5 705 (10.08%) Terraform
6 194 (2.77%) Kibana
7 166 (2.37%) Salt
8 159 (2.27%) logstash
9 155 (2.22%) Nagios
10 154 (2.20%) Packer
11 143 (2.04%) Grafana
12 109 (1.56%) Mesos
13 101 (1.44%) HAProxy
14 87 (1.24%) ZABBIX
15 86 (1.23%) Prometheus
16 80 (1.14%) Consul
17 77 (1.10%) Oozie
18 68 (0.97%) Rancher
19 57 (0.81%) Docker Swarm
20 56 (0.80%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 665 (9.50%) Oracle
2 408 (5.83%) Red Hat
3 406 (5.80%) Google
4 387 (5.53%) Splunk
5 322 (4.60%) Microsoft
6 250 (3.57%) VMware
7 208 (2.97%) Tableau
8 196 (2.80%) Atlassian
9 164 (2.34%) Cloudera
10 128 (1.83%) IBM
11 124 (1.77%) Cisco
12 107 (1.53%) SaltStack
13 103 (1.47%) New Relic
13 103 (1.47%) SAP
14 96 (1.37%) HP
15 92 (1.31%) Hortonworks
16 72 (1.03%) Sybase
17 68 (0.97%) F5
18 61 (0.87%) Alteryx
19 58 (0.83%) Informatica