The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 3 months to 28 May 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
3 months to
28 May 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 30 44 62
Rank change year-on-year +14 +18  
Contract jobs citing Python 2803 2296 1679
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.26% 4.21% 3.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 14.87% 10.93% 8.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 1912 1575 1164
Median daily rate £492 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.47% +5.55%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £350 £350 £300
10% offered a daily rate of more than £625 £600 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £375
% change year-on-year - +13.33%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 60 21 33
Median hourly rate £42.88 £37.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.87% -7.50%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £32.40 £9.00 £23.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.50 £62.50 £52.19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £37.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +11.48% -7.50%  

Python is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 18852 21008 20783
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.11% 38.52% 37.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 12849 14467 13780
Median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 382 470 428
Median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.33% +4.16%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £22.00 £12.50 £19.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £36.40
% change year-on-year +13.33% +3.02%  

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Python as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Programming Languages category.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 3 months to 28 May 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 3 months to 28 May 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 2637 £500 +5.26% 1020
London +15 1694 £520 +4.00% 536
South East +6 333 £425 -5.55% 152
City of London +16 280 £543 +14.21% 114
Yorkshire +18 165 £425 -5.55% 50
West Yorkshire +31 130 £420 +5.00% 34
Leeds +26 118 £420 -4.00% 30
Surrey +38 112 £425 -5.55% 33
East of England 0 108 £394 -13.69% 119
South West +10 103 £425 - 70
Scotland +19 96 £400 +4.91% 39
North West +15 92 £425 +0.59% 55
West Midlands +71 71 £460 +8.23% 24
Hampshire +2 65 £401 -5.76% 26
Edinburgh +2 63 £413 +3.12% 30
Manchester +18 55 £375 -9.09% 44
Berkshire +12 51 £513 +13.88% 39
Cambridgeshire -1 50 £394 -14.86% 90
Cambridge +2 38 £338 -28.94% 83
Buckinghamshire +4 35 £438 +20.68% 6
Oxfordshire +18 32 £475 +26.66% 30
North East +49 30 £463 -2.63% 2
Bristol +19 30 £425 +9.67% 32
South Yorkshire -4 30 £500 - 10
East Midlands +8 28 £463 +36.02% 12
Sheffield +2 28 £500 - 9
Devon -1 28 £425 - 7
Milton Keynes -6 28 £388 +6.89% 4
Redhill - 28 £425 - 3
Shropshire +56 27 £500 - 2

For the 6 months to 28 May 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2225 (40.98%) Linux
2 2071 (38.14%) Agile Software Development
3 2042 (37.61%) Java
4 1502 (27.66%) DevOps
5 1245 (22.93%) Ruby
6 1136 (20.92%) SQL
7 1082 (19.93%) Amazon AWS
8 1079 (19.87%) Git (software)
9 1069 (19.69%) Jenkins
10 1001 (18.43%) Puppet
11 975 (17.96%) JavaScript
12 964 (17.75%) Finance
13 940 (17.31%) Ansible
14 883 (16.26%) Bash Shell
15 866 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
16 844 (15.54%) Unix
17 840 (15.47%) Perl
18 827 (15.23%) Docker
19 769 (14.16%) Test Automation
20 750 (13.81%) HTML
21 734 (13.52%) Configuration Management
22 730 (13.44%) Big Data
23 669 (12.32%) Hadoop
24 668 (12.30%) Open Source
25 666 (12.27%) TDD
26 646 (11.90%) Opscode Chef
27 625 (11.51%) Scala
28 599 (11.03%) CSS
29 558 (10.28%) Django
30 549 (10.11%) Scrum

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 497 (9.15%) Apache Spark
2 326 (6.00%) Apache
3 279 (5.14%) Elasticsearch
4 249 (4.59%) Confluence
5 202 (3.72%) nginx
6 185 (3.41%) Tomcat
7 140 (2.58%) OpenStack
8 128 (2.36%) Cloud Foundry
9 110 (2.03%) SAS
10 100 (1.84%) Apache Pig
11 83 (1.53%) JBoss
12 67 (1.23%) CMS
13 65 (1.20%) Apache Solr
14 64 (1.18%) WebLogic
15 52 (0.96%) IIS
16 41 (0.76%) WebSphere
17 32 (0.59%) Drupal
18 27 (0.50%) Jupyter
19 22 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
20 21 (0.39%) WordPress
Applications
1 81 (1.49%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (0.85%) Spreadsheet
3 39 (0.72%) Photoshop
4 31 (0.57%) SPSS
5 17 (0.31%) Doxygen
6 16 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
7 10 (0.18%) Stata
8 4 (0.074%) GNU Octave
8 4 (0.074%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 3 (0.055%) HipChat
9 3 (0.055%) S-PLUS
9 3 (0.055%) Weka
10 2 (0.037%) Maya
10 2 (0.037%) MS Visio
10 2 (0.037%) Simulink
11 1 (0.018%) 3ds Max
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Captivate
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Premiere
11 1 (0.018%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 51 (0.94%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 9 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
3 8 (0.15%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
4 6 (0.11%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 5 (0.092%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.074%) FINCAD Analytics
6 4 (0.074%) Front Arena
7 3 (0.055%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.055%) RMDS
8 2 (0.037%) SAP ERP
9 1 (0.018%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.018%) Dynamics NAV
9 1 (0.018%) Magento
9 1 (0.018%) Oracle BPM
9 1 (0.018%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.018%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.018%) Relativity
9 1 (0.018%) SAP MDM
9 1 (0.018%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 1082 (19.93%) Amazon AWS
2 303 (5.58%) Microsoft Azure
3 198 (3.65%) PaaS
4 128 (2.36%) AWS CloudFormation
5 122 (2.25%) Amazon EC2
6 119 (2.19%) GitHub
7 103 (1.90%) Amazon S3
7 103 (1.90%) IaaS
8 81 (1.49%) Google Cloud Platform
9 63 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
10 57 (1.05%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 51 (0.94%) SaaS
12 46 (0.85%) OpenShift
13 44 (0.81%) Amazon EMR
14 38 (0.70%) Datadog
14 38 (0.70%) Google Analytics
15 37 (0.68%) AWS Lambda
16 35 (0.64%) Heroku
17 28 (0.52%) Amazon ELB
17 28 (0.52%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 400 (7.37%) HTTP
2 302 (5.56%) TCP/IP
3 190 (3.50%) SSL
4 180 (3.31%) Firewall
5 167 (3.08%) DNS
6 116 (2.14%) Internet
7 74 (1.36%) LDAP
8 56 (1.03%) Wireless
9 46 (0.85%) HTTPS
10 45 (0.83%) Network Security
11 39 (0.72%) VPN
12 37 (0.68%) DHCP
13 35 (0.64%) SAN
14 33 (0.61%) Kerberos
14 33 (0.61%) SSH
15 26 (0.48%) LAN
15 26 (0.48%) WAN
16 25 (0.46%) NAS
16 25 (0.46%) SNMP
17 23 (0.42%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 730 (13.44%) Big Data
2 669 (12.32%) Hadoop
3 478 (8.80%) PostgreSQL
4 458 (8.43%) Relational Database
5 439 (8.08%) MongoDB
6 427 (7.86%) MySQL
7 393 (7.24%) NoSQL
8 282 (5.19%) SQL Server
9 273 (5.03%) Apache Hive
10 192 (3.54%) Apache Cassandra
11 142 (2.62%) HBase
12 128 (2.36%) Data Warehouse
13 120 (2.21%) RDBMS
14 110 (2.03%) Redis
15 106 (1.95%) Oracle Database
16 78 (1.44%) Impala
17 52 (0.96%) Data Mining
18 46 (0.85%) Sqoop
19 45 (0.83%) Amazon Redshift
19 45 (0.83%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 1079 (19.87%) Git (software)
2 1069 (19.69%) Jenkins
3 513 (9.45%) JIRA
4 321 (5.91%) Selenium
5 312 (5.75%) Subversion
6 254 (4.68%) Maven
7 203 (3.74%) Cucumber
8 159 (2.93%) JUnit
9 135 (2.49%) Vagrant
10 120 (2.21%) TeamCity
11 104 (1.92%) Gradle
11 104 (1.92%) WebDriver
12 90 (1.66%) Ant
13 89 (1.64%) Sonatype Nexus
14 88 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 87 (1.60%) Bitbucket
16 80 (1.47%) gulp
17 67 (1.23%) Hudson
18 57 (1.05%) Travis CI
19 56 (1.03%) Eclipse
General
1 964 (17.75%) Finance
2 484 (8.91%) Banking
3 219 (4.03%) Investment Banking
4 199 (3.66%) Front Office
5 168 (3.09%) Telecoms
6 132 (2.43%) Marketing
7 100 (1.84%) Electronics
8 92 (1.69%) Retail
9 66 (1.22%) Manufacturing
10 55 (1.01%) Games
11 52 (0.96%) Law
12 34 (0.63%) Financial Institution
13 30 (0.55%) Billing
14 27 (0.50%) Back Office
15 25 (0.46%) Publishing
16 15 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
17 14 (0.26%) Automotive
17 14 (0.26%) Legal
18 9 (0.17%) Advertising
19 8 (0.15%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2193 (40.39%) Developer
2 977 (17.99%) Python Developer
3 832 (15.32%) DevOps Engineer
4 342 (6.30%) Java Developer
5 330 (6.08%) Analyst
6 271 (4.99%) AWS Engineer
7 269 (4.95%) Linux Engineer
8 234 (4.31%) Architect
9 231 (4.25%) Senior Developer
10 227 (4.18%) AWS DevOps
11 198 (3.65%) AWS DevOps Engineer
12 188 (3.46%) Data Engineer
13 187 (3.44%) Consultant
14 178 (3.28%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 166 (3.06%) Scala Developer
16 161 (2.97%) Data Scientist
17 155 (2.85%) Administrator
18 154 (2.84%) Software Engineer
19 149 (2.74%) Tester
20 147 (2.71%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 750 (13.81%) HTML
2 599 (11.03%) CSS
3 558 (10.28%) Django
4 484 (8.91%) Web Services
5 437 (8.05%) Node.js
6 411 (7.57%) REST
7 356 (6.56%) JSON
8 310 (5.71%) HTML5
9 304 (5.60%) XML
10 293 (5.40%) AngularJS
11 281 (5.17%) RESTful
12 250 (4.60%) .NET
13 236 (4.35%) Spring
14 228 (4.20%) Flask
15 198 (3.65%) CSS3
16 195 (3.59%) Elastic Stack
17 193 (3.55%) Kafka
18 176 (3.24%) jQuery
19 159 (2.93%) Ajax
20 137 (2.52%) React
Miscellaneous
1 414 (7.62%) Analytical Skills
2 276 (5.08%) Computer Science
3 209 (3.85%) Algorithms
4 169 (3.11%) Greenfield Project
5 151 (2.78%) User Experience
6 129 (2.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 119 (2.19%) Linux Command Line
8 111 (2.04%) Fixed Income
9 107 (1.97%) Derivative
10 103 (1.90%) Data Centre
11 97 (1.79%) Public Cloud
12 84 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
13 78 (1.44%) Fintech
14 76 (1.40%) Management Information System
15 74 (1.36%) Clustering
16 72 (1.33%) Mobile App
17 66 (1.22%) Data Structures
18 51 (0.94%) Equities
19 40 (0.74%) Hedge funds
20 35 (0.64%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 2225 (40.98%) Linux
2 844 (15.54%) Unix
3 548 (10.09%) Windows
4 405 (7.46%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 281 (5.17%) CentOS
6 224 (4.13%) Ubuntu
7 81 (1.49%) Android
8 76 (1.40%) Windows Server
9 71 (1.31%) Mac OS X
10 65 (1.20%) Solaris
11 63 (1.16%) Debian
12 59 (1.09%) Apple iOS
13 50 (0.92%) AIX
14 42 (0.77%) Mac OS
15 36 (0.66%) Windows Server 2008
16 33 (0.61%) Windows Server 2012
17 31 (0.57%) CoreOS
18 25 (0.46%) SUSE
19 20 (0.37%) Embedded Linux
20 16 (0.29%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 2071 (38.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1502 (27.66%) DevOps
3 866 (15.95%) Continuous Integration
4 769 (14.16%) Test Automation
5 734 (13.52%) Configuration Management
6 668 (12.30%) Open Source
7 666 (12.27%) TDD
8 549 (10.11%) Scrum
9 518 (9.54%) Analytics
10 426 (7.85%) Software Engineering
11 336 (6.19%) Web Development
12 333 (6.13%) OO
13 324 (5.97%) Continuous Delivery
14 301 (5.54%) BDD
15 277 (5.10%) SDLC
16 271 (4.99%) Machine Learning
17 263 (4.84%) Microservices
18 250 (4.60%) Business Intelligence
19 216 (3.98%) Visualisation
20 215 (3.96%) Mathematics
Programming Languages
1 2042 (37.61%) Java
2 1245 (22.93%) Ruby
3 1136 (20.92%) SQL
4 975 (17.96%) JavaScript
5 883 (16.26%) Bash Shell
6 840 (15.47%) Perl
7 625 (11.51%) Scala
8 517 (9.52%) C++
9 505 (9.30%) C#
10 385 (7.09%) R
11 329 (6.06%) PHP
12 299 (5.51%) C
13 280 (5.16%) Shell Script
14 256 (4.71%) Go
15 240 (4.42%) PowerShell
16 158 (2.91%) Groovy
17 82 (1.51%) MATLAB
18 76 (1.40%) VBA
19 71 (1.31%) PL/SQL
20 66 (1.22%) Korn
Qualifications
1 414 (7.62%) Degree
2 368 (6.78%) Security Cleared
3 238 (4.38%) SC Cleared
4 98 (1.80%) Computer Science Degree
5 93 (1.71%) PhD
6 62 (1.14%) DV Cleared
7 50 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
8 46 (0.85%) ISEB
9 39 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
9 39 (0.72%) CISSP
10 35 (0.64%) ISTQB
11 30 (0.55%) Master's Degree
11 30 (0.55%) RHCE
12 28 (0.52%) CCNP
13 27 (0.50%) SANS
14 26 (0.48%) AWS Certification
15 25 (0.46%) CCNA
16 23 (0.42%) CEH
16 23 (0.42%) GIAC
16 23 (0.42%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 211 (3.89%) QA
2 64 (1.18%) Data Quality
3 42 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
4 27 (0.50%) MiFID
5 23 (0.42%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.22%) SLA
7 9 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 7 (0.13%) WCAG
9 6 (0.11%) GCP
10 3 (0.055%) EMIR
10 3 (0.055%) IAS 39
10 3 (0.055%) IFRS
10 3 (0.055%) IFRS 9
10 3 (0.055%) ISO/IEC 27002
11 2 (0.037%) COBIT
11 2 (0.037%) PMO
11 2 (0.037%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 2 (0.037%) Solvency II
12 1 (0.018%) HL7
12 1 (0.018%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 827 (15.23%) Docker
2 166 (3.06%) VMware Infrastructure
3 122 (2.25%) HDFS
4 101 (1.86%) Active Directory
5 66 (1.22%) Virtual Machines
6 65 (1.20%) Apache Flume
7 50 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 41 (0.76%) vSphere
9 38 (0.70%) VirtualBox
10 33 (0.61%) Hyper-V
10 33 (0.61%) LXC
11 31 (0.57%) KVM
12 29 (0.53%) NFS
13 28 (0.52%) Xen
14 22 (0.41%) Firmware
14 22 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
15 20 (0.37%) vCloud
16 17 (0.31%) Samba
17 14 (0.26%) Snort
18 12 (0.22%) XenServer
Systems Management
1 1001 (18.43%) Puppet
2 940 (17.31%) Ansible
3 646 (11.90%) Opscode Chef
4 291 (5.36%) Kubernetes
5 279 (5.14%) Terraform
6 147 (2.71%) Nagios
7 144 (2.65%) logstash
8 139 (2.56%) Kibana
9 117 (2.15%) Salt
10 83 (1.53%) Hadoop YARN
11 71 (1.31%) Graphite
12 65 (1.20%) Mesos
12 65 (1.20%) ZABBIX
13 64 (1.18%) Grafana
14 51 (0.94%) Oozie
15 42 (0.77%) HAProxy
15 42 (0.77%) Packer
16 38 (0.70%) SELinux
17 31 (0.57%) Prometheus
17 31 (0.57%) Rancher
Vendors
1 528 (9.72%) Oracle
2 364 (6.70%) Red Hat
3 284 (5.23%) VMware
4 255 (4.70%) Google
5 198 (3.65%) Splunk
6 188 (3.46%) Microsoft
7 121 (2.23%) Cloudera
8 99 (1.82%) Tableau
9 95 (1.75%) SaltStack
10 82 (1.51%) SAP
11 75 (1.38%) IBM
12 74 (1.36%) Atlassian
13 71 (1.31%) Sybase
14 70 (1.29%) Cisco
15 59 (1.09%) Hortonworks
16 56 (1.03%) HP
17 44 (0.81%) EMC
18 43 (0.79%) TIBCO
19 38 (0.70%) Bloomberg
20 36 (0.66%) NetApp
Exeter, Devon
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £350 - £420 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Source Technology
Rate: £550 per day Remote working 5 days per week
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
FRG Technology Consulting
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £450 - £490 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
CoreCom Consulting
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Intec Select
Rate: From £500 to £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £400 - £420 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
McGregor Boyall
Rate: £500 - £600 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Posted: 2 days ago
London
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Computer Futures
Rate: competitive
Posted: 5 days ago
Farnborough, Hampshire
Austin Fraser
Posted: 4 days ago
North West London
Oblix IT
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day + Flexibility to work from home
Posted: 2 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 6 days ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £475 - £550 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Red10
Rate: £400 - £525 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £450.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £400 per day 6 months initially likely to extend
Posted: 5 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Rullion
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
London
LA International
Posted: 5 days ago
Central London / West End
X4 Group
Rate: Market related
Posted: 2 days ago
Knutsford, Cheshire
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day + /
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Client Server
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
TEKsystems
Rate: £500 - £650 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Cambridgeshire
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Rate: £300 - £500 Per Day
Posted: 6 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Stafford-Sharp Associates
Rate: £400.00 - £450.00 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
South East London
IT Resource Transformation
Rate: Excellent day rate
Posted: 2 days ago