Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 30 37 63
Rank change year-on-year +7 +26 +11
Contract jobs citing Python 6607 5163 3573
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.41% 4.90% 3.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.29% 12.16% 8.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 4807 3471 2480
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +2.51%
10th Percentile £360 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +13.10%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 75 79
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% -3.85% +20.00%
10th Percentile £25.25 £17.78 £24.03
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.50 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.13% - +22.14%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43210 42451 43594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.91% 40.33% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 30200 29151 29477
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £283 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 801 886 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.44 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.96% +0.67% +19.05%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +9 6210 £513 +7.89% 1344
London +8 4250 £538 +7.50% 729
UK excluding London +13 2294 £450 +5.88% 667
South East -6 659 £460 +2.22% 176
North of England +24 516 £468 +8.72% 133
East of England +15 302 £425 - 180
Yorkshire +24 266 £475 +8.57% 54
Scotland +4 261 £400 +6.67% 37
South West +8 242 £400 -11.11% 72
Midlands +64 238 £475 +5.56% 54
North West +24 210 £485 +14.12% 69
West Midlands +48 144 £475 +11.76% 30
East Midlands +30 86 £450 +13.21% 24
Wales +16 74 £450 -10.00% 9
North East +41 54 £535 +25.88% 10
Northern Ireland -42 16 £400 +1.91% 6

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2617 (39.61%) Linux
2 2369 (35.86%) Java
3 2234 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
4 2020 (30.57%) DevOps
5 1690 (25.58%) Amazon AWS
6 1514 (22.92%) SQL
7 1372 (20.77%) Jenkins
8 1337 (20.24%) Finance
9 1282 (19.40%) Git (software)
10 1274 (19.28%) Docker
11 1228 (18.59%) Ruby
12 1169 (17.69%) Ansible
13 1119 (16.94%) Bash Shell
14 1068 (16.16%) Unix
15 1067 (16.15%) JavaScript
16 1047 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
17 1039 (15.73%) Puppet
18 930 (14.08%) Perl
19 860 (13.02%) Configuration Management
20 814 (12.32%) Big Data
21 767 (11.61%) TDD
22 765 (11.58%) Banking
23 762 (11.53%) Test Automation
24 758 (11.47%) C++
25 709 (10.73%) Open Source
26 707 (10.70%) Opscode Chef
27 701 (10.61%) Windows
28 682 (10.32%) Hadoop
29 680 (10.29%) C#
30 653 (9.88%) Analytics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 646 (9.78%) Apache Spark
2 332 (5.02%) Apache
3 316 (4.78%) Confluence
4 258 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
5 250 (3.78%) nginx
6 206 (3.12%) Tomcat
7 176 (2.66%) OpenStack
8 96 (1.45%) Cloud Foundry
9 94 (1.42%) SAS
10 88 (1.33%) IIS
11 77 (1.17%) JBoss
12 68 (1.03%) Apache Pig
13 61 (0.92%) Apache Solr
14 56 (0.85%) CMS
15 45 (0.68%) Jupyter
16 42 (0.64%) WebLogic
17 40 (0.61%) WebSphere
18 31 (0.47%) Apache Airflow
18 31 (0.47%) Oracle SOA Suite
19 29 (0.44%) Jetty
Applications
1 152 (2.30%) Microsoft Excel
2 39 (0.59%) Spreadsheet
3 29 (0.44%) Microsoft Office
4 27 (0.41%) HipChat
5 23 (0.35%) SPSS
6 21 (0.32%) Photoshop
7 13 (0.20%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.18%) Doxygen
8 12 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 11 (0.17%) Simulink
10 10 (0.15%) Pipeline Pilot
11 9 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
12 8 (0.12%) Houdini
12 8 (0.12%) Maya
12 8 (0.12%) NUKE
13 7 (0.11%) Stata
14 6 (0.091%) MS Visio
15 5 (0.076%) Adobe Illustrator
15 5 (0.076%) Weka
16 4 (0.061%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 27 (0.41%) SAP ERP
2 25 (0.38%) RMDS
3 21 (0.32%) ION MarketView
4 10 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
5 8 (0.12%) Odoo
6 6 (0.091%) Magento
6 6 (0.091%) Oracle BPM
6 6 (0.091%) SunGard GMI
6 6 (0.091%) Temenos T24
7 5 (0.076%) BusinessWorks
8 4 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
9 3 (0.045%) BondVision
9 3 (0.045%) Dynamics NAV
9 3 (0.045%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 3 (0.045%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 3 (0.045%) Summit
10 2 (0.030%) Dynamics AX
10 2 (0.030%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.030%) Relativity
10 2 (0.030%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1690 (25.58%) Amazon AWS
2 426 (6.45%) Microsoft Azure
3 319 (4.83%) GitHub
4 257 (3.89%) AWS CloudFormation
5 220 (3.33%) Amazon EC2
6 209 (3.16%) Serverless
7 200 (3.03%) PaaS
8 198 (3.00%) Amazon S3
9 177 (2.68%) Google Cloud Platform
10 124 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
11 120 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
12 119 (1.80%) IaaS
13 109 (1.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 105 (1.59%) OpenShift
15 98 (1.48%) Route 53
16 93 (1.41%) SaaS
17 66 (1.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 55 (0.83%) Slack
19 54 (0.82%) Amazon EMR
20 52 (0.79%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 327 (4.95%) TCP/IP
2 319 (4.83%) HTTP
3 253 (3.83%) Firewall
4 218 (3.30%) DNS
5 183 (2.77%) SSL
6 124 (1.88%) Internet
7 96 (1.45%) LDAP
8 86 (1.30%) Wireless
9 84 (1.27%) Network Security
10 82 (1.24%) VPN
11 76 (1.15%) LAN
12 75 (1.14%) WAN
13 67 (1.01%) DHCP
14 46 (0.70%) Bluetooth
15 43 (0.65%) Kerberos
16 40 (0.61%) SAN
17 38 (0.58%) HTTPS
18 37 (0.56%) IPsec
19 36 (0.54%) Wi-Fi
20 30 (0.45%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 814 (12.32%) Big Data
2 682 (10.32%) Hadoop
3 570 (8.63%) NoSQL
4 520 (7.87%) MySQL
5 519 (7.86%) PostgreSQL
6 486 (7.36%) Relational Database
7 464 (7.02%) MongoDB
8 456 (6.90%) SQL Server
9 296 (4.48%) Apache Hive
10 245 (3.71%) Apache Cassandra
11 203 (3.07%) RDBMS
12 185 (2.80%) Data Warehouse
13 164 (2.48%) HBase
14 162 (2.45%) Amazon RDS
15 137 (2.07%) Oracle Database
16 97 (1.47%) Impala
17 95 (1.44%) Data Mining
18 91 (1.38%) Sqoop
19 85 (1.29%) Amazon Redshift
20 82 (1.24%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1372 (20.77%) Jenkins
2 1282 (19.40%) Git (software)
3 592 (8.96%) JIRA
4 327 (4.95%) Maven
5 278 (4.21%) Subversion
6 233 (3.53%) Selenium
7 216 (3.27%) TeamCity
8 215 (3.25%) Cucumber
9 191 (2.89%) Sonatype Nexus
10 143 (2.16%) JUnit
11 140 (2.12%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 117 (1.77%) Artifactory
13 114 (1.73%) Ant
13 114 (1.73%) Bitbucket
14 111 (1.68%) Vagrant
15 105 (1.59%) Gradle
16 79 (1.20%) WebDriver
17 76 (1.15%) GitLab
18 74 (1.12%) Team Foundation Server
19 73 (1.10%) SonarQube
General
1 1337 (20.24%) Finance
2 765 (11.58%) Banking
3 423 (6.40%) Front Office
4 348 (5.27%) Investment Banking
5 222 (3.36%) Telecoms
6 199 (3.01%) Marketing
7 150 (2.27%) Retail
8 145 (2.19%) Electronics
9 103 (1.56%) Publishing
10 93 (1.41%) Manufacturing
11 64 (0.97%) Games
12 55 (0.83%) Financial Institution
13 45 (0.68%) Retail Banking
14 35 (0.53%) Advertising
14 35 (0.53%) Law
15 23 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
16 22 (0.33%) Legal
17 21 (0.32%) Automotive
18 20 (0.30%) French Language
19 18 (0.27%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 2400 (36.33%) Developer
2 1194 (18.07%) DevOps Engineer
3 1042 (15.77%) Python Developer
4 456 (6.90%) AWS Engineer
5 399 (6.04%) Java Developer
6 384 (5.81%) AWS DevOps
7 380 (5.75%) Analyst
8 335 (5.07%) Data Scientist
9 328 (4.96%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 317 (4.80%) Data Engineer
11 311 (4.71%) Linux Engineer
12 258 (3.90%) Senior Developer
13 245 (3.71%) Architect
14 207 (3.13%) Cloud Engineer
15 203 (3.07%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 197 (2.98%) C++ Developer
17 189 (2.86%) Consultant
18 172 (2.60%) Software Engineer
19 171 (2.59%) Big Data Engineer
20 170 (2.57%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 647 (9.79%) Web Services
2 638 (9.66%) HTML
3 535 (8.10%) Node.js
4 505 (7.64%) CSS
5 424 (6.42%) REST
6 418 (6.33%) Django
7 370 (5.60%) Kafka
8 344 (5.21%) RESTful
9 304 (4.60%) JSON
10 298 (4.51%) XML
11 285 (4.31%) .NET
12 284 (4.30%) AngularJS
13 272 (4.12%) Elastic Stack
14 264 (4.00%) HTML5
15 241 (3.65%) Spring
16 229 (3.47%) Flask
17 204 (3.09%) React
18 153 (2.32%) jQuery
19 144 (2.18%) Pandas
20 139 (2.10%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 603 (9.13%) Analytical Skills
2 393 (5.95%) Computer Science
3 235 (3.56%) Algorithms
4 222 (3.36%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 205 (3.10%) Greenfield Project
6 202 (3.06%) Fixed Income
7 172 (2.60%) Derivative
8 132 (2.00%) Data Centre
9 123 (1.86%) Fintech
10 121 (1.83%) Public Cloud
11 113 (1.71%) Data Structures
12 100 (1.51%) User Experience
13 93 (1.41%) Enterprise Software
14 90 (1.36%) Clustering
15 89 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
16 87 (1.32%) Equities
17 80 (1.21%) Credit Risk
18 66 (1.00%) Mobile App
19 57 (0.86%) Management Information System
20 56 (0.85%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 2617 (39.61%) Linux
2 1068 (16.16%) Unix
3 701 (10.61%) Windows
4 399 (6.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 236 (3.57%) CentOS
6 167 (2.53%) Ubuntu
7 130 (1.97%) Solaris
8 83 (1.26%) Windows Server
9 79 (1.20%) Android
10 59 (0.89%) Mac OS X
11 53 (0.80%) Debian
12 51 (0.77%) Apple iOS
13 45 (0.68%) Windows 7
14 41 (0.62%) AIX
15 38 (0.58%) CoreOS
16 36 (0.54%) Mac OS
17 35 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
18 25 (0.38%) Windows Server 2012
19 18 (0.27%) VMS
20 17 (0.26%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2234 (33.81%) Agile Software Development
2 2020 (30.57%) DevOps
3 1047 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
4 860 (13.02%) Configuration Management
5 767 (11.61%) TDD
6 762 (11.53%) Test Automation
7 709 (10.73%) Open Source
8 653 (9.88%) Analytics
9 595 (9.01%) Scrum
10 535 (8.10%) Software Engineering
11 484 (7.33%) Machine Learning
12 414 (6.27%) Continuous Delivery
13 404 (6.11%) Microservices
14 376 (5.69%) OO
15 355 (5.37%) BDD
16 338 (5.12%) Mathematics
17 295 (4.46%) Business Intelligence
18 292 (4.42%) SDLC
19 281 (4.25%) Kanban
20 280 (4.24%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2369 (35.86%) Java
2 1514 (22.92%) SQL
3 1228 (18.59%) Ruby
4 1119 (16.94%) Bash Shell
5 1067 (16.15%) JavaScript
6 930 (14.08%) Perl
7 758 (11.47%) C++
8 680 (10.29%) C#
9 562 (8.51%) Scala
10 490 (7.42%) R
11 404 (6.11%) Shell Script
12 348 (5.27%) Go
13 338 (5.12%) PHP
14 322 (4.87%) C
15 288 (4.36%) PowerShell
16 215 (3.25%) Groovy
17 157 (2.38%) VBA
18 125 (1.89%) Korn
19 85 (1.29%) PL/SQL
19 85 (1.29%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 493 (7.46%) Security Cleared
2 469 (7.10%) Degree
3 331 (5.01%) SC Cleared
4 139 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 103 (1.56%) PhD
6 58 (0.88%) AWS Certification
7 50 (0.76%) Numerate Degree
8 49 (0.74%) Master's Degree
9 45 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
10 38 (0.58%) CISSP
11 35 (0.53%) DV Cleared
12 31 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
13 27 (0.41%) CEH
14 26 (0.39%) RHCE
15 24 (0.36%) ISTQB
15 24 (0.36%) SANS
16 22 (0.33%) ISEB
17 19 (0.29%) CTC Cleared
18 18 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
19 17 (0.26%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 284 (4.30%) QA
2 49 (0.74%) MiFID
3 47 (0.71%) Data Quality
4 44 (0.67%) Disclosure Scotland
5 40 (0.61%) GCP
6 23 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 16 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 12 (0.18%) SLA
9 10 (0.15%) ISO 26262
10 8 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
10 8 (0.12%) DO-178B
10 8 (0.12%) MISRA
10 8 (0.12%) WCAG
11 7 (0.11%) AS 2805
11 7 (0.11%) ISO 8583
12 6 (0.091%) EMIR
13 5 (0.076%) OASIS TOSCA
13 5 (0.076%) Solvency II
14 4 (0.061%) MISRA C
15 3 (0.045%) IFRS
System Software
1 1274 (19.28%) Docker
2 146 (2.21%) VMware Infrastructure
3 121 (1.83%) HDFS
4 120 (1.82%) Apache Flume
5 99 (1.50%) Active Directory
6 91 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
7 42 (0.64%) KVM
8 39 (0.59%) NFS
9 38 (0.58%) Hyper-V
10 35 (0.53%) Xen
11 34 (0.51%) LXC
12 33 (0.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 33 (0.50%) Firmware
13 31 (0.47%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 29 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
15 26 (0.39%) Samba
16 25 (0.38%) VirtualBox
17 21 (0.32%) vSphere
18 17 (0.26%) Varnish
19 16 (0.24%) etcd
Systems Management
1 1169 (17.69%) Ansible
2 1039 (15.73%) Puppet
3 707 (10.70%) Opscode Chef
4 541 (8.19%) Terraform
5 529 (8.01%) Kubernetes
6 160 (2.42%) logstash
7 140 (2.12%) Kibana
8 126 (1.91%) Nagios
9 111 (1.68%) Packer
10 107 (1.62%) Mesos
11 92 (1.39%) Grafana
12 87 (1.32%) Oozie
13 86 (1.30%) Salt
14 78 (1.18%) Hadoop YARN
15 77 (1.17%) ZABBIX
16 66 (1.00%) Prometheus
16 66 (1.00%) Rancher
17 60 (0.91%) Consul
18 58 (0.88%) Ambari
19 47 (0.71%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 602 (9.11%) Oracle
2 343 (5.19%) Red Hat
3 342 (5.18%) Microsoft
4 281 (4.25%) Splunk
5 259 (3.92%) Google
6 258 (3.90%) VMware
7 204 (3.09%) Tableau
8 149 (2.26%) Atlassian
9 146 (2.21%) IBM
10 144 (2.18%) SAP
11 112 (1.70%) Cloudera
12 104 (1.57%) TIBCO
13 94 (1.42%) Sybase
14 81 (1.23%) Cisco
15 74 (1.12%) SaltStack
16 66 (1.00%) HP
17 56 (0.85%) Hortonworks
17 56 (0.85%) Rackspace
18 53 (0.80%) ServiceNow
19 51 (0.77%) F5