Period
to 2 March 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 2 March 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
2 Mar 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 11 14 20
Rank change year-on-year +3 +6 +6
Contract jobs citing Python 5,147 5,936 7,573
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 10.71% 8.92% 7.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.99% 21.83% 17.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,035 4,222 5,270
Median daily rate £513 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.38% - -
10th Percentile £363 £375 £363
90th Percentile £700 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £490 £475
% change year-on-year -8.16% +3.16% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 130 109 117
Median hourly rate £34.94 £44.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.59% -2.22% +12.50%
10th Percentile £21.00 £18.25 £21.25
90th Percentile £53.88 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.13 £44.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -24.72% -2.22% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,802 27,192 42,903
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.19% 40.88% 43.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,801 19,046 30,417
Median daily rate £483 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.58% - +3.26%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £323
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £433 £425
% change year-on-year -1.73% +1.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 462 505 661
Median hourly rate £42.50 £43.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.30% +2.35% +6.25%
10th Percentile £15.46 £17.08 £17.00
90th Percentile £60.90 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.88% - +6.25%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 2 March 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 2 March 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,182 £525 - 2,282
London +2 2,834 £550 - 1,132
Work from Home +2 1,675 £501 -4.67% 482
UK excluding London +5 1,357 £450 -8.16% 1,288
North of England +16 339 £450 -10.00% 299
South East -9 268 £450 -5.26% 295
South West +8 250 £500 -4.76% 174
Scotland 0 191 £450 -10.00% 101
North West +14 175 £450 -14.29% 172
Yorkshire +18 156 £450 -10.00% 97
East of England +3 135 £450 - 200
Midlands +8 122 £425 -15.00% 175
West Midlands +2 82 £400 -23.81% 111
Wales -7 53 £400 -18.16% 27
East Midlands +23 35 £425 +10.39% 62
Northern Ireland +11 9 £450 +50.00% 17
North East -16 9 £525 +20.00% 30

For the 6 months to 2 March 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 1,880 (36.53%) AWS
2 1,731 (33.63%) Agile Software Development
3 1,656 (32.17%) DevOps
4 1,423 (27.65%) Java
5 1,377 (26.75%) Azure
6 1,350 (26.23%) SQL
7 1,187 (23.06%) Finance
8 1,090 (21.18%) Linux
9 1,027 (19.95%) Kubernetes
10 979 (19.02%) Docker
11 972 (18.88%) Terraform
12 955 (18.55%) JavaScript
13 879 (17.08%) Jenkins
14 858 (16.67%) Software Engineering
15 769 (14.94%) Git (software)
16 768 (14.92%) Ansible
17 652 (12.67%) GCP
18 639 (12.41%) Analytics
19 631 (12.26%) Microservices
20 599 (11.64%) Serverless
21 561 (10.90%) Bash Shell
21 561 (10.90%) Web Services
22 549 (10.67%) Test Automation
23 543 (10.55%) React
24 532 (10.34%) Security Cleared
25 485 (9.42%) Node.js
26 482 (9.36%) Data Science
27 476 (9.25%) Front Office
28 443 (8.61%) JIRA
29 438 (8.51%) Banking

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 384 (7.46%) Apache Spark
2 299 (5.81%) Apache
3 231 (4.49%) Confluence
4 186 (3.61%) Elasticsearch
5 108 (2.10%) Apache Airflow
6 86 (1.67%) SAS
7 78 (1.52%) nginx
8 69 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
9 61 (1.19%) Jupyter
10 46 (0.89%) SharePoint
11 43 (0.84%) Tomcat
12 36 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
13 31 (0.60%) JBoss
14 26 (0.51%) ArcGIS
14 26 (0.51%) IIS
15 24 (0.47%) OpenStack
16 23 (0.45%) WebSphere
17 21 (0.41%) CMS
18 17 (0.33%) Mule
18 17 (0.33%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 72 (1.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 28 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
3 13 (0.25%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
4 11 (0.21%) SPSS
5 8 (0.16%) MS Visio
6 7 (0.14%) Stata
7 5 (0.097%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.058%) Simulink
9 2 (0.039%) Maya
9 2 (0.039%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.019%) Adobe After Effects
10 1 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.019%) Adobe Premiere
10 1 (0.019%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.019%) CINEMA 4D
10 1 (0.019%) Doxygen
10 1 (0.019%) Photoshop
10 1 (0.019%) Revit
10 1 (0.019%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 15 (0.29%) Markit EDM
2 14 (0.27%) Eagle PACE
3 7 (0.14%) Dynamics CRM
3 7 (0.14%) Magento
3 7 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 6 (0.12%) ION MarketView
4 6 (0.12%) SAP CRM
4 6 (0.12%) SunGard Martini
5 5 (0.097%) Sentinel
6 4 (0.078%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.078%) FINCAD Analytics
6 4 (0.078%) Shopify
7 3 (0.058%) ContrOCC
8 2 (0.039%) Fredhopper
8 2 (0.039%) OpenText Process Suite
8 2 (0.039%) Oracle EBS
8 2 (0.039%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.039%) SAP Hybris
8 2 (0.039%) Sonata
8 2 (0.039%) StreamServe
Cloud Services
1 1,880 (36.53%) AWS
2 1,377 (26.75%) Azure
3 652 (12.67%) GCP
4 599 (11.64%) Serverless
5 431 (8.37%) AWS Lambda
6 298 (5.79%) Amazon S3
7 293 (5.69%) GitHub
8 239 (4.64%) Amazon EC2
9 225 (4.37%) AWS CloudFormation
10 213 (4.14%) Power Platform
11 169 (3.28%) PaaS
12 132 (2.56%) Amazon EKS
13 120 (2.33%) Amazon ECS
14 112 (2.18%) Azure Data Factory
15 95 (1.85%) OpenShift
16 91 (1.77%) SaaS
17 90 (1.75%) IaaS
18 89 (1.73%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 87 (1.69%) Virtual Private Cloud
20 81 (1.57%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 177 (3.44%) Firewall
2 126 (2.45%) DNS
3 107 (2.08%) TCP/IP
4 87 (1.69%) HTTP
5 53 (1.03%) Network Security
6 50 (0.97%) SSL
7 47 (0.91%) VPN
8 45 (0.87%) WAN
9 43 (0.84%) Internet
10 42 (0.82%) DHCP
11 41 (0.80%) Wireless
12 38 (0.74%) LAN
12 38 (0.74%) Wi-Fi
13 35 (0.68%) BGP
13 35 (0.68%) MPLS
13 35 (0.68%) VLAN
14 33 (0.64%) SSH
15 32 (0.62%) OSPF
16 31 (0.60%) Wireshark
17 30 (0.58%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 378 (7.34%) Big Data
2 333 (6.47%) PostgreSQL
3 290 (5.63%) SQL Server
4 274 (5.32%) Data Warehouse
5 267 (5.19%) Hadoop
6 209 (4.06%) NoSQL
7 205 (3.98%) Power BI
8 203 (3.94%) Relational Database
9 197 (3.83%) MySQL
10 188 (3.65%) Tableau
11 175 (3.40%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 166 (3.23%) Data Lake
13 159 (3.09%) Amazon RDS
13 159 (3.09%) MongoDB
14 138 (2.68%) Apache Hive
15 127 (2.47%) Azure SQL Database
16 124 (2.41%) BigQuery
17 108 (2.10%) Amazon Redshift
18 71 (1.38%) RDBMS
19 67 (1.30%) Apache Ignite
Development Applications
1 879 (17.08%) Jenkins
2 769 (14.94%) Git (software)
3 443 (8.61%) JIRA
4 301 (5.85%) GitLab
5 182 (3.54%) Maven
6 132 (2.56%) Bitbucket
7 124 (2.41%) Artifactory
8 123 (2.39%) Selenium
9 104 (2.02%) Sonatype Nexus
10 96 (1.87%) Gradle
11 90 (1.75%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 87 (1.69%) CircleCI
13 85 (1.65%) Visual Studio
14 84 (1.63%) TeamCity
15 80 (1.55%) Cucumber
16 77 (1.50%) SonarQube
17 69 (1.34%) JUnit
18 60 (1.17%) Travis CI
19 59 (1.15%) gulp
20 51 (0.99%) Subversion
General
1 1,187 (23.06%) Finance
2 476 (9.25%) Front Office
3 438 (8.51%) Banking
4 310 (6.02%) Public Sector
5 142 (2.76%) Investment Banking
6 134 (2.60%) Marketing
7 132 (2.56%) Telecoms
8 83 (1.61%) Retail
9 65 (1.26%) Electronics
10 64 (1.24%) Manufacturing
11 50 (0.97%) Back Office
12 47 (0.91%) Games
13 45 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
14 44 (0.85%) Law
15 26 (0.51%) Advertising
16 25 (0.49%) Financial Institution
16 25 (0.49%) Retail Banking
17 21 (0.41%) Publishing
18 16 (0.31%) Legal
19 14 (0.27%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,777 (34.52%) Developer
2 709 (13.78%) Python Developer
3 642 (12.47%) DevOps Engineer
4 551 (10.71%) Data Engineer
5 430 (8.35%) Python Engineer
6 402 (7.81%) Software Engineer
7 357 (6.94%) AWS Engineer
8 320 (6.22%) Analyst
9 215 (4.18%) Developer/Software Engineer
10 212 (4.12%) React Developer
11 207 (4.02%) Azure Engineer
12 187 (3.63%) Data Scientist
13 185 (3.59%) Architect
14 184 (3.57%) Cloud Engineer
15 179 (3.48%) AWS DevOps
16 172 (3.34%) Senior Developer
17 167 (3.24%) Java Developer
18 148 (2.88%) Consultant
19 146 (2.84%) Data Analyst
20 141 (2.74%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 561 (10.90%) Web Services
2 543 (10.55%) React
3 485 (9.42%) Node.js
4 344 (6.68%) .NET
5 341 (6.63%) AngularJS
6 310 (6.02%) Kafka
7 287 (5.58%) REST
8 217 (4.22%) HTML
9 211 (4.10%) RESTful
10 204 (3.96%) Django
11 166 (3.23%) Spring
12 161 (3.13%) NumPy
13 160 (3.11%) CSS
13 160 (3.11%) JSON
14 153 (2.97%) PySpark
15 148 (2.88%) Elastic Stack
16 143 (2.78%) Flask
17 142 (2.76%) Vue.js
18 140 (2.72%) Pandas
19 125 (2.43%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 349 (6.78%) Analytical Skills
2 290 (5.63%) Derivative
3 281 (5.46%) Equities
4 232 (4.51%) Fixed Income
5 207 (4.02%) Hedge funds
6 201 (3.91%) Cloud Native
7 192 (3.73%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 172 (3.34%) Algorithms
9 160 (3.11%) User Experience
10 120 (2.33%) Public Cloud
11 117 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
12 110 (2.14%) Data Structures
13 93 (1.81%) Data Centre
14 88 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
15 82 (1.59%) Mobile App
16 81 (1.57%) Blog
17 78 (1.52%) Self-Motivation
18 53 (1.03%) Management Information System
19 48 (0.93%) Equity Derivative
20 47 (0.91%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,090 (21.18%) Linux
2 416 (8.08%) Windows
3 262 (5.09%) Unix
4 189 (3.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 104 (2.02%) CentOS
6 88 (1.71%) Windows Server
7 58 (1.13%) Ubuntu
8 57 (1.11%) Android
9 47 (0.91%) Apple iOS
10 37 (0.72%) Windows Server 2016
11 28 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
12 22 (0.43%) Windows 10
13 16 (0.31%) Debian
13 16 (0.31%) Solaris
14 15 (0.29%) OpenWrt
15 14 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
16 13 (0.25%) Mac OS
16 13 (0.25%) Mac OS X
17 11 (0.21%) AIX
17 11 (0.21%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,731 (33.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,656 (32.17%) DevOps
3 858 (16.67%) Software Engineering
4 639 (12.41%) Analytics
5 631 (12.26%) Microservices
6 549 (10.67%) Test Automation
7 482 (9.36%) Data Science
8 435 (8.45%) Infrastructure as Code
9 428 (8.32%) Machine Learning
10 418 (8.12%) TDD
11 406 (7.89%) Scrum
12 391 (7.60%) Asset Management
13 372 (7.23%) Business Intelligence
14 365 (7.09%) ETL
15 355 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
16 327 (6.35%) Open Source
17 319 (6.20%) Problem-Solving
18 291 (5.65%) Data Modelling
19 287 (5.58%) Data Engineering
20 276 (5.36%) Investment Management
Programming Languages
1 1,423 (27.65%) Java
2 1,350 (26.23%) SQL
3 955 (18.55%) JavaScript
4 561 (10.90%) Bash Shell
5 419 (8.14%) C#
6 409 (7.95%) C++
7 394 (7.65%) PowerShell
8 359 (6.97%) Scala
9 342 (6.64%) R
10 274 (5.32%) Perl
11 272 (5.28%) Go
12 228 (4.43%) Ruby
13 225 (4.37%) Kotlin
14 222 (4.31%) TypeScript
15 212 (4.12%) C
16 208 (4.04%) Shell Script
17 127 (2.47%) Groovy
18 114 (2.21%) PL/SQL
19 92 (1.79%) PHP
20 83 (1.61%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 532 (10.34%) Security Cleared
2 408 (7.93%) SC Cleared
3 332 (6.45%) Degree
4 90 (1.75%) DV Cleared
5 79 (1.53%) PhD
6 71 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
7 64 (1.24%) Cisco Certification
8 61 (1.19%) AWS Certification
9 46 (0.89%) CCNP
10 44 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
11 39 (0.76%) CCNA
12 28 (0.54%) Master's Degree
13 27 (0.52%) Novell Certification
14 24 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
15 21 (0.41%) CCIE
16 17 (0.33%) DBS Check
16 17 (0.33%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
17 13 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
18 12 (0.23%) CISSP
19 10 (0.19%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 193 (3.75%) QA
2 104 (2.02%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.45%) SLA
4 19 (0.37%) GDPR
5 16 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.25%) NIST
7 11 (0.21%) IFRS
7 11 (0.21%) IFRS 9
7 11 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
8 10 (0.19%) JTAG
8 10 (0.19%) PCI DSS
9 6 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 17025
9 6 (0.12%) MiFID
9 6 (0.12%) OASIS TOSCA
10 4 (0.078%) ISO 26262
10 4 (0.078%) PMO
11 3 (0.058%) HIPAA
11 3 (0.058%) RMADS
11 3 (0.058%) WCAG
System Software
1 979 (19.02%) Docker
2 116 (2.25%) Active Directory
3 96 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 85 (1.65%) Virtual Machines
5 49 (0.95%) HDFS
6 38 (0.74%) vSphere
7 28 (0.54%) GlusterFS
7 28 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
8 22 (0.43%) VMware NSX
9 19 (0.37%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 15 (0.29%) NFS
11 12 (0.23%) Firmware
12 9 (0.17%) GridGain
12 9 (0.17%) Varnish
13 8 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 8 (0.16%) Hyper-V
14 7 (0.14%) Ceph
14 7 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
14 7 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
15 6 (0.12%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,027 (19.95%) Kubernetes
2 972 (18.88%) Terraform
3 768 (14.92%) Ansible
4 274 (5.32%) Puppet
5 251 (4.88%) Opscode Chef
6 160 (3.11%) Prometheus
7 157 (3.05%) Grafana
8 93 (1.81%) Kibana
9 58 (1.13%) Packer
10 56 (1.09%) Consul
11 47 (0.91%) Istio
12 44 (0.85%) Argo
13 40 (0.78%) Salt
14 39 (0.76%) logstash
15 36 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
16 35 (0.68%) Rancher
17 24 (0.47%) Fluentd
18 22 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
19 20 (0.39%) Control-M
20 19 (0.37%) Nagios
Vendors
1 322 (6.26%) Google
2 305 (5.93%) Oracle
3 291 (5.65%) Microsoft
4 216 (4.20%) Splunk
5 206 (4.00%) Databricks
6 160 (3.11%) VMware
7 151 (2.93%) Red Hat
8 103 (2.00%) Cisco
9 98 (1.90%) Atlassian
10 87 (1.69%) SAP
11 85 (1.65%) AppDynamics
12 77 (1.50%) MuleSoft
13 66 (1.28%) Bloomberg
14 64 (1.24%) IBM
15 60 (1.17%) Cloudera
16 49 (0.95%) F5
17 44 (0.85%) Alteryx
18 43 (0.84%) Hortonworks
19 41 (0.80%) EMC
19 41 (0.80%) ServiceNow