Python
UK

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 9 December 2023 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

6 months to
9 Dec 2023
Same period 2022 Same period 2021
Rank 14 12 12
Rank change year-on-year -2 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Python 4,415 8,619 9,154
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 9.93% 11.21% 10.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.26% 29.80% 26.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,160 6,113 6,611
10th Percentile £400 £425 £413
25th Percentile £475 £512 £475
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £600 £550
Median % change year-on-year -4.17% +9.09% +4.76%
75th Percentile £700 £700 £650
90th Percentile £788 £800 £738
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £540 £500
% change year-on-year -2.78% +8.00% +11.11%
Number of hourly rates quoted 127 120 93
10th Percentile £37.00 £34.50 £19.48
25th Percentile £46.18 £47.50 £25.63
Median hourly rate £60.00 £65.00 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +52.94% +21.43%
75th Percentile £70.00 £70.30 £55.00
90th Percentile £77.50 £75.00 £65.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £65.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -7.69% +54.76% +35.48%

All Programming Languages
UK

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 13,687 28,921 34,723
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 30.77% 37.62% 38.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,738 20,698 25,289
10th Percentile £360 £400 £363
25th Percentile £431 £466 £431
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £565 £525
Median % change year-on-year -2.65% +7.62% +10.53%
75th Percentile £650 £675 £638
90th Percentile £750 £775 £713
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £518 £470
% change year-on-year -3.38% +10.11% +10.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 418 496 430
10th Percentile £31.85 £25.50 £18.60
25th Percentile £46.94 £46.63 £29.63
Median hourly rate £61.42 £62.50 £48.26
Median % change year-on-year -1.73% +29.51% +13.55%
75th Percentile £70.00 £67.50 £60.00
90th Percentile £78.23 £74.76 £70.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.00 £65.00 £46.43
% change year-on-year - +40.00% +7.98%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 9 December 2023.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 9 December 2023.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 9 December 2023. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -2 3,749 £575 -4.17% 3,351
London -1 2,446 £600 -4.00% 1,850
Work from Home -1 1,806 £575 -4.17% 1,736
UK excluding London 0 1,413 £525 -2.78% 1,876
South East 0 349 £525 -4.55% 624
South West +5 283 £575 +4.55% 244
Scotland -3 268 £530 +4.33% 157
North of England -11 246 £525 -4.55% 337
North West -7 157 £525 -4.55% 177
East of England +1 127 £475 -9.52% 281
Midlands +14 111 £513 -2.38% 183
Yorkshire -18 79 £550 - 125
West Midlands +9 77 £550 +4.76% 122
East Midlands +23 33 £440 -16.19% 61
Wales -17 21 £438 -23.91% 41
Northern Ireland -1 19 £400 -21.95% 29
North East +3 10 £445 -22.27% 37

Python
Co-occurring Skills and Capabilities by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same employment type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 212 (4.80%) Confluence
2 204 (4.62%) Apache
3 194 (4.39%) Apache Airflow
4 143 (3.24%) Apache Spark
5 63 (1.43%) nginx
6 56 (1.27%) Jupyter
7 50 (1.13%) SAS
8 41 (0.93%) OpenStack
9 33 (0.75%) BizTalk Server
10 23 (0.52%) SharePoint
11 18 (0.41%) Tomcat
12 15 (0.34%) IIS
13 11 (0.25%) Luigi
14 10 (0.23%) Apache Solr
15 9 (0.20%) CMS
16 8 (0.18%) WordPress
17 7 (0.16%) GeoServer
17 7 (0.16%) Tornado
18 6 (0.14%) ArcGIS
18 6 (0.14%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 106 (2.40%) Microsoft Excel
2 50 (1.13%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
5 7 (0.16%) Simulink
5 7 (0.16%) SPSS
5 7 (0.16%) Trello
6 6 (0.14%) MS Visio
6 6 (0.14%) Stata
7 5 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.068%) CATIA
8 3 (0.068%) Mathematica
9 2 (0.045%) Blender
9 2 (0.045%) Fusion 360
9 2 (0.045%) Sketch
10 1 (0.023%) Adobe Illustrator
10 1 (0.023%) FileZilla
10 1 (0.023%) FrameMaker
10 1 (0.023%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.023%) Mathcad
Business Applications
1 17 (0.39%) ION MarketView
2 14 (0.32%) Distributed Ledger
3 13 (0.29%) Oracle EBS
4 5 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
4 5 (0.11%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 4 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
5 4 (0.091%) Shopify
6 3 (0.068%) DELMIA
6 3 (0.068%) ENOVIA
6 3 (0.068%) Odoo
6 3 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
6 3 (0.068%) Workday HCM
7 2 (0.045%) Endur
7 2 (0.045%) IntelliMatch
7 2 (0.045%) Magento
7 2 (0.045%) SAP BPC
7 2 (0.045%) SystmOne
8 1 (0.023%) Aareon QL
8 1 (0.023%) Oracle Utilities
8 1 (0.023%) SAP FSCM
Cloud Services
1 1,572 (35.61%) AWS
2 1,167 (26.43%) Azure
3 482 (10.92%) GCP
4 353 (8.00%) Serverless
5 288 (6.52%) GitHub
6 277 (6.27%) AWS Lambda
7 269 (6.09%) Power Platform
8 238 (5.39%) Amazon S3
9 231 (5.23%) Azure DevOps
10 164 (3.71%) AWS CloudFormation
11 138 (3.13%) Azure Data Factory
12 137 (3.10%) SaaS
13 122 (2.76%) OpenShift
14 101 (2.29%) Amazon EC2
15 99 (2.24%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 93 (2.11%) dbt
17 92 (2.08%) PaaS
18 86 (1.95%) GitHub Actions
19 84 (1.90%) Azure Synapse Analytics
19 84 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 238 (5.39%) Firewall
2 173 (3.92%) DNS
3 153 (3.47%) TCP/IP
4 99 (2.24%) HTTP
4 99 (2.24%) Network Security
5 93 (2.11%) VPN
6 87 (1.97%) SAN
7 74 (1.68%) Internet
8 73 (1.65%) BGP
9 59 (1.34%) SSL
10 52 (1.18%) VLAN
11 47 (1.06%) DHCP
11 47 (1.06%) MPLS
12 45 (1.02%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 39 (0.88%) IPv4
14 37 (0.84%) OSPF
14 37 (0.84%) WAN
15 35 (0.79%) Wireless
16 33 (0.75%) LAN
17 32 (0.72%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 269 (6.09%) PostgreSQL
2 262 (5.93%) Power BI
3 238 (5.39%) SQL Server
4 235 (5.32%) Big Data
4 235 (5.32%) Data Warehouse
5 211 (4.78%) Relational Database
6 168 (3.81%) Tableau
7 164 (3.71%) Data Lake
8 163 (3.69%) MySQL
9 160 (3.62%) MongoDB
10 153 (3.47%) NoSQL
11 126 (2.85%) Amazon RDS
12 103 (2.33%) Hadoop
13 93 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
14 89 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
15 82 (1.86%) Amazon Redshift
16 76 (1.72%) Amazon Athena
17 74 (1.68%) DynamoDB
18 60 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 59 (1.34%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 606 (13.73%) Git
2 454 (10.28%) Jenkins
3 298 (6.75%) JIRA
4 155 (3.51%) GitLab
5 141 (3.19%) Bitbucket
6 85 (1.93%) Selenium
7 84 (1.90%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 72 (1.63%) Artifactory
9 65 (1.47%) TeamCity
10 57 (1.29%) Cypress.io
11 41 (0.93%) Sonatype Nexus
12 39 (0.88%) SonarQube
13 38 (0.86%) Cucumber
14 34 (0.77%) Maven
14 34 (0.77%) Robot Framework
15 31 (0.70%) JUnit
15 31 (0.70%) Postman
16 30 (0.68%) Subversion
17 25 (0.57%) Liquibase
18 20 (0.45%) MLflow
General
1 1,092 (24.73%) Finance
2 887 (20.09%) Social Skills
3 532 (12.05%) Banking
4 421 (9.54%) Analytical Skills
5 300 (6.80%) Front Office
6 287 (6.50%) Public Sector
7 209 (4.73%) Investment Banking
8 76 (1.72%) Presentation Skills
9 70 (1.59%) Telecoms
10 69 (1.56%) Marketing
10 69 (1.56%) Retail
11 55 (1.25%) Back Office
12 51 (1.16%) Financial Institution
13 41 (0.93%) Electronics
14 40 (0.91%) Manufacturing
15 36 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
16 35 (0.79%) Organisational Skills
17 34 (0.77%) Inclusion and Diversity
18 32 (0.72%) Law
19 27 (0.61%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 1,122 (25.41%) Developer
2 486 (11.01%) Python Developer
3 479 (10.85%) Data Engineer
4 432 (9.78%) DevOps Engineer
5 415 (9.40%) Senior
6 297 (6.73%) Analyst
7 293 (6.64%) Python Engineer
8 277 (6.27%) Software Engineer
9 253 (5.73%) AWS Engineer
10 226 (5.12%) Lead
11 207 (4.69%) Architect
12 166 (3.76%) Azure Engineer
12 166 (3.76%) Cloud Engineer
13 153 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
14 128 (2.90%) Linux Engineer
15 118 (2.67%) Data Analyst
16 116 (2.63%) Data Scientist
17 113 (2.56%) Security Engineer
18 109 (2.47%) Senior Developer
19 105 (2.38%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 268 (6.07%) Kafka
2 241 (5.46%) REST
3 230 (5.21%) React
4 229 (5.19%) .NET
5 215 (4.87%) Pandas
6 169 (3.83%) Node.js
7 158 (3.58%) PySpark
8 152 (3.44%) JSON
9 151 (3.42%) NumPy
10 145 (3.28%) Django
11 134 (3.04%) HTML
12 118 (2.67%) CSS
13 112 (2.54%) RESTful
13 112 (2.54%) TensorFlow
14 103 (2.33%) PyTorch
15 95 (2.15%) XML
16 90 (2.04%) Flask
17 86 (1.95%) gRPC
18 82 (1.86%) Elastic Stack
19 81 (1.83%) AngularJS
Miscellaneous
1 172 (3.90%) Algorithms
2 170 (3.85%) Cloud Native
3 136 (3.08%) Derivative
4 116 (2.63%) Data Protection Act
5 115 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 109 (2.47%) Fixed Income
7 98 (2.22%) Public Cloud
8 90 (2.04%) Data Structures
9 80 (1.81%) Distributed Systems
10 78 (1.77%) Equities
11 76 (1.72%) Product Ownership
12 72 (1.63%) Greenfield Project
12 72 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
13 71 (1.61%) Data Centre
13 71 (1.61%) Hedge funds
14 70 (1.59%) Legacy Systems
15 69 (1.56%) Management Information System
16 65 (1.47%) Market Risk
17 49 (1.11%) Onboarding
17 49 (1.11%) Private Cloud
Operating Systems
1 1,045 (23.67%) Linux
2 515 (11.66%) Windows
3 342 (7.75%) Unix
4 207 (4.69%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 160 (3.62%) Windows Server
6 61 (1.38%) Ubuntu
7 56 (1.27%) Debian
8 46 (1.04%) CentOS
9 37 (0.84%) Solaris
10 27 (0.61%) Android
10 27 (0.61%) Windows Server 2019
11 24 (0.54%) AIX
12 19 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
13 18 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
14 16 (0.36%) Apple iOS
14 16 (0.36%) Oracle Linux
15 15 (0.34%) Data ONTAP
15 15 (0.34%) Embedded Linux
16 14 (0.32%) Mac OS
17 12 (0.27%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,171 (26.52%) DevOps
2 1,141 (25.84%) Agile
3 1,027 (23.26%) CI/CD
4 614 (13.91%) Problem-Solving
5 612 (13.86%) Software Engineering
6 551 (12.48%) Analytics
7 453 (10.26%) Infrastructure as Code
8 449 (10.17%) Test Automation
9 393 (8.90%) Data Modelling
10 372 (8.43%) Data Science
11 367 (8.31%) ETL
12 359 (8.13%) Machine Learning
13 351 (7.95%) Computer Science
14 312 (7.07%) Containerisation
15 309 (7.00%) Visualisation
16 304 (6.89%) Business Intelligence
17 282 (6.39%) Data Pipeline
18 265 (6.00%) Data Engineering
19 258 (5.84%) Scrum
20 252 (5.71%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,372 (31.08%) SQL
2 968 (21.93%) Java
3 586 (13.27%) JavaScript
4 580 (13.14%) Bash
5 553 (12.53%) PowerShell
6 396 (8.97%) C#
7 377 (8.54%) C++
8 335 (7.59%) Go
9 272 (6.16%) Perl
10 212 (4.80%) TypeScript
11 182 (4.12%) R
12 180 (4.08%) C
13 174 (3.94%) Ruby
14 157 (3.56%) Shell Script
15 150 (3.40%) Scala
16 78 (1.77%) T-SQL
17 77 (1.74%) PL/SQL
18 57 (1.29%) PHP
19 49 (1.11%) MATLAB
20 48 (1.09%) Rust
Qualifications
1 686 (15.54%) Security Cleared
2 532 (12.05%) SC Cleared
3 482 (10.92%) Degree
4 204 (4.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 161 (3.65%) DV Cleared
6 146 (3.31%) Master's Degree
7 87 (1.97%) AWS Certification
8 60 (1.36%) PhD
9 56 (1.27%) Azure Certification
10 55 (1.25%) Cisco Certification
11 51 (1.16%) CISSP
12 45 (1.02%) AWS Certified Solutions Architect
13 42 (0.95%) BPSS Clearance
14 39 (0.88%) CCNP
15 27 (0.61%) RHCSA
16 22 (0.50%) CCNA
16 22 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
16 22 (0.50%) RHCE
17 18 (0.41%) AWS Certified Cloud Practitioner
17 18 (0.41%) AWS Certified Developer
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 191 (4.33%) Data Quality
2 174 (3.94%) QA
3 45 (1.02%) Accessibility
4 40 (0.91%) GDPR
5 37 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 37 (0.84%) NIST
6 21 (0.48%) PCI DSS
7 18 (0.41%) SOC 2
8 15 (0.34%) SLA
9 12 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 11 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
11 10 (0.23%) Actionable Recommendations
12 9 (0.20%) MiFID
13 8 (0.18%) JTAG
13 8 (0.18%) WCAG
14 7 (0.16%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
15 6 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
15 6 (0.14%) GxP
15 6 (0.14%) HIPAA
16 5 (0.11%) PMO
System Software
1 666 (15.08%) Docker
2 155 (3.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 129 (2.92%) Active Directory
4 46 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (0.77%) VMware ESXi
6 32 (0.72%) vSphere
7 30 (0.68%) NFS
8 27 (0.61%) Firmware
9 19 (0.43%) Hyper-V
10 17 (0.39%) OpenAM
10 17 (0.39%) VMware NSX
11 16 (0.36%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.34%) Virtual Servers
13 14 (0.32%) Virtual Desktop
14 12 (0.27%) KVM
14 12 (0.27%) Varnish
15 9 (0.20%) Ceph
16 8 (0.18%) ProxySG
17 7 (0.16%) GPFS
18 6 (0.14%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 871 (19.73%) Kubernetes
2 681 (15.42%) Terraform
3 595 (13.48%) Ansible
4 174 (3.94%) Grafana
5 144 (3.26%) Puppet
6 139 (3.15%) Prometheus
7 105 (2.38%) Progress Chef
8 86 (1.95%) Packer
9 55 (1.25%) Consul
9 55 (1.25%) Nagios
10 52 (1.18%) ITRS Geneos
11 48 (1.09%) Kibana
12 43 (0.97%) ZABBIX
13 28 (0.63%) SCCM
14 25 (0.57%) Single Sign-On
15 23 (0.52%) Argo
16 22 (0.50%) logstash
17 21 (0.48%) Active Directory Federation Services
17 21 (0.48%) HAProxy
18 19 (0.43%) Salt
Vendors
1 415 (9.40%) Microsoft
2 263 (5.96%) Databricks
3 261 (5.91%) Oracle
4 257 (5.82%) Google
5 231 (5.23%) VMware
6 226 (5.12%) Red Hat
7 165 (3.74%) Splunk
8 100 (2.27%) Cisco
9 70 (1.59%) Dynatrace
9 70 (1.59%) SAP
10 69 (1.56%) Atlassian
11 66 (1.49%) F5
12 62 (1.40%) TOWER Software
13 59 (1.34%) ServiceNow
14 58 (1.31%) IBM
15 57 (1.29%) Salesforce
16 55 (1.25%) CyberArk
17 45 (1.02%) NetApp
18 44 (1.00%) HP
19 42 (0.95%) MuleSoft