Period
to 21 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 22 30
Rank change year-on-year +8 +8 +12
Contract jobs citing Python 7,594 7,466 6,335
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.94% 7.29% 6.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.28% 16.38% 15.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,125 5,066 4,539
UK median daily rate £533 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.52% +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £388 £363 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £488 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +8.33% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 132 125
UK median hourly rate £44.78 £42.50 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.37% +4.94% +3.85%
10th Percentile £20.44 £18.99 £26.08
90th Percentile £52.85 £52.50 £54.86
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.50 £41.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +7.23% -2.35% +6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,688 45,580 41,660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.01% 44.54% 41.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,740 31,986 28,938
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £321 £314 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £418 £400
% change year-on-year +1.80% +4.38% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 688 692 783
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £19.45 £16.29 £15.83
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.50 £40.50
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.94% +8.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 7,023 £540 +2.86% 2,725
London +7 4,642 £550 - 1,296
UK excluding London +9 2,813 £488 +8.33% 1,648
South East +9 820 £475 - 415
North of England +10 627 £488 +2.63% 314
South West +13 430 £525 +10.53% 256
Scotland +7 358 £488 +8.33% 157
East of England +24 310 £500 +17.65% 302
North West +4 284 £463 -7.50% 149
Yorkshire +14 277 £500 +11.11% 130
Midlands -12 155 £463 +8.82% 143
West Midlands -13 91 £463 +2.78% 93
Wales +8 90 £450 -1.25% 35
North East +11 66 £464 -4.87% 35
East Midlands -16 64 £463 +13.50% 48
Northern Ireland -1 23 £575 +32.34% 26

For the 6 months to 21 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,835 (37.33%) Agile Software Development
2 2,600 (34.24%) AWS
3 2,482 (32.68%) DevOps
4 2,402 (31.63%) Java
5 2,058 (27.10%) Linux
6 1,922 (25.31%) SQL
7 1,628 (21.44%) Docker
8 1,561 (20.56%) Finance
9 1,371 (18.05%) Azure
10 1,267 (16.68%) Ansible
11 1,260 (16.59%) Jenkins
12 1,248 (16.43%) Git (software)
13 1,236 (16.28%) Kubernetes
14 1,168 (15.38%) JavaScript
15 1,036 (13.64%) Bash Shell
16 1,024 (13.48%) Terraform
17 984 (12.96%) Data Science
18 966 (12.72%) Software Engineering
19 958 (12.62%) Analytics
20 932 (12.27%) GCP
21 928 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
22 884 (11.64%) Big Data
23 829 (10.92%) Machine Learning
24 828 (10.90%) Apache Spark
25 777 (10.23%) Test Automation
26 765 (10.07%) Ruby
27 760 (10.01%) C++
27 760 (10.01%) Microservices
28 738 (9.72%) Google
29 735 (9.68%) Hadoop

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 828 (10.90%) Apache Spark
2 377 (4.96%) Apache
3 272 (3.58%) Elasticsearch
4 262 (3.45%) Confluence
5 132 (1.74%) nginx
6 115 (1.51%) Apache Airflow
6 115 (1.51%) SAS
6 115 (1.51%) Tomcat
7 100 (1.32%) Jupyter
8 99 (1.30%) JBoss
9 77 (1.01%) OpenStack
10 59 (0.78%) IIS
10 59 (0.78%) WebLogic
11 57 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
12 45 (0.59%) WebSphere
13 42 (0.55%) SharePoint
14 37 (0.49%) ArcGIS
15 27 (0.36%) GeoServer
15 27 (0.36%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 18 (0.24%) Luigi
Applications
1 144 (1.90%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (0.61%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.41%) SPSS
4 23 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 9 (0.12%) Stata
6 8 (0.11%) MS Visio
7 7 (0.092%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.079%) Weka
9 5 (0.066%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.053%) Simulink
11 3 (0.040%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.026%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.026%) Sketch
13 1 (0.013%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.013%) Autodesk Inventor
13 1 (0.013%) InVision
13 1 (0.013%) Microsoft Project
13 1 (0.013%) PTC Creo
13 1 (0.013%) Siemens NX
13 1 (0.013%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 20 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
2 18 (0.24%) FINCAD Analytics
3 15 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
3 15 (0.20%) Sonata
3 15 (0.20%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
4 13 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 12 (0.16%) Dynamics CRM
6 8 (0.11%) Magento
6 8 (0.11%) Remedy ITSM
7 7 (0.092%) R3 Corda
8 6 (0.079%) Oracle Financials
8 6 (0.079%) Unit4 Business World
9 5 (0.066%) Eikon
9 5 (0.066%) Markit EDM
9 5 (0.066%) NetSuite
9 5 (0.066%) Oracle EBS
10 4 (0.053%) PolarLake
10 4 (0.053%) Relativity
10 4 (0.053%) SAP Hybris
11 3 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 2,600 (34.24%) AWS
2 1,371 (18.05%) Azure
3 932 (12.27%) GCP
4 601 (7.91%) Serverless
5 496 (6.53%) Amazon S3
6 467 (6.15%) GitHub
7 455 (5.99%) AWS Lambda
8 376 (4.95%) AWS CloudFormation
9 336 (4.42%) Amazon EC2
10 250 (3.29%) OpenShift
11 248 (3.27%) Power Platform
12 191 (2.52%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 187 (2.46%) PaaS
14 174 (2.29%) Amazon ECS
15 158 (2.08%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 154 (2.03%) Amazon SQS
17 149 (1.96%) IaaS
18 140 (1.84%) Amazon Kinesis
19 135 (1.78%) Amazon EMR
20 133 (1.75%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 199 (2.62%) Firewall
2 157 (2.07%) HTTP
3 136 (1.79%) DNS
4 127 (1.67%) TCP/IP
5 124 (1.63%) Internet
6 88 (1.16%) VPN
7 81 (1.07%) WAN
8 72 (0.95%) SSL
9 60 (0.79%) BGP
10 53 (0.70%) LAN
11 47 (0.62%) SAN
12 43 (0.57%) DHCP
13 41 (0.54%) Wireless
14 39 (0.51%) Network Security
15 38 (0.50%) OSPF
16 36 (0.47%) Intrusion Detection
17 34 (0.45%) Wi-Fi
18 27 (0.36%) Cisco ASA
18 27 (0.36%) Multicast
19 26 (0.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 884 (11.64%) Big Data
2 735 (9.68%) Hadoop
3 564 (7.43%) PostgreSQL
4 530 (6.98%) NoSQL
5 422 (5.56%) MySQL
6 392 (5.16%) MongoDB
7 381 (5.02%) Data Warehouse
8 378 (4.98%) SQL Server
9 342 (4.50%) Relational Database
10 268 (3.53%) Apache Hive
11 261 (3.44%) Amazon Redshift
12 234 (3.08%) Amazon RDS
13 233 (3.07%) Data Lake
14 229 (3.02%) Power BI
15 200 (2.63%) BigQuery
16 166 (2.19%) Apache Cassandra
17 159 (2.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 139 (1.83%) RDBMS
19 133 (1.75%) Amazon Athena
20 100 (1.32%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,260 (16.59%) Jenkins
2 1,248 (16.43%) Git (software)
3 573 (7.55%) JIRA
4 215 (2.83%) Selenium
5 207 (2.73%) GitLab
6 179 (2.36%) Sonatype Nexus
7 164 (2.16%) Maven
8 161 (2.12%) Bitbucket
9 158 (2.08%) TeamCity
10 141 (1.86%) Cucumber
11 134 (1.76%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 132 (1.74%) Subversion
13 128 (1.69%) Artifactory
14 103 (1.36%) Visual Studio Team System
15 98 (1.29%) SonarQube
16 87 (1.15%) CircleCI
17 85 (1.12%) RStudio
18 77 (1.01%) Gradle
19 60 (0.79%) JUnit
19 60 (0.79%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,561 (20.56%) Finance
2 626 (8.24%) Banking
3 448 (5.90%) Front Office
4 281 (3.70%) Public Sector
5 196 (2.58%) Investment Banking
6 177 (2.33%) Retail
7 133 (1.75%) Telecoms
8 129 (1.70%) Marketing
9 125 (1.65%) Financial Institution
10 84 (1.11%) Games
11 73 (0.96%) Legal
12 64 (0.84%) Manufacturing
13 57 (0.75%) Publishing
14 54 (0.71%) Law
15 53 (0.70%) Electronics
16 51 (0.67%) Advertising
17 46 (0.61%) Retail Banking
18 27 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
19 20 (0.26%) Aerospace
20 15 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,448 (32.24%) Developer
2 1,236 (16.28%) Python Developer
3 1,169 (15.39%) DevOps Engineer
4 771 (10.15%) Data Engineer
5 583 (7.68%) Python Engineer
6 545 (7.18%) AWS Engineer
7 437 (5.75%) Data Scientist
8 415 (5.46%) Software Engineer
9 408 (5.37%) Architect
10 367 (4.83%) Analyst
11 345 (4.54%) Senior Developer
12 333 (4.39%) Cloud Engineer
13 330 (4.35%) Java Developer
14 299 (3.94%) AWS DevOps
15 262 (3.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
16 209 (2.75%) AWS Developer
17 196 (2.58%) Consultant
18 160 (2.11%) Azure Engineer
18 160 (2.11%) Full Stack Developer
19 153 (2.01%) Senior Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 639 (8.41%) Node.js
2 628 (8.27%) Web Services
3 506 (6.66%) Kafka
4 453 (5.97%) React
5 428 (5.64%) Django
6 417 (5.49%) AngularJS
7 409 (5.39%) HTML
8 389 (5.12%) .NET
9 362 (4.77%) REST
10 334 (4.40%) CSS
11 301 (3.96%) Flask
12 285 (3.75%) JSON
13 276 (3.63%) Pandas
14 253 (3.33%) RESTful
15 239 (3.15%) PySpark
16 209 (2.75%) NumPy
17 208 (2.74%) Spring
18 180 (2.37%) Natural Language Processing
19 171 (2.25%) XML
20 136 (1.79%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 497 (6.54%) Analytical Skills
2 374 (4.92%) Algorithms
3 336 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
4 231 (3.04%) Fixed Income
5 220 (2.90%) Derivative
6 195 (2.57%) Public Cloud
7 165 (2.17%) User Experience
8 146 (1.92%) Data Structures
9 144 (1.90%) Data Centre
10 139 (1.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 134 (1.76%) Linux Command Line
12 126 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
13 121 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
14 109 (1.44%) Equities
15 104 (1.37%) Hedge funds
16 93 (1.22%) Cloud Native
17 89 (1.17%) Mobile App
18 81 (1.07%) Clustering
19 73 (0.96%) Management Information System
20 60 (0.79%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 2,058 (27.10%) Linux
2 661 (8.70%) Windows
3 599 (7.89%) Unix
4 365 (4.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 188 (2.48%) CentOS
6 138 (1.82%) Windows Server
7 121 (1.59%) Ubuntu
8 94 (1.24%) Apple iOS
9 91 (1.20%) Android
10 59 (0.78%) Mac OS X
11 54 (0.71%) Mac OS
12 43 (0.57%) Solaris
13 32 (0.42%) Amazon Linux
13 32 (0.42%) VMS
13 32 (0.42%) Windows Server 2012
14 29 (0.38%) Debian
14 29 (0.38%) Embedded Linux
15 25 (0.33%) Windows 10
15 25 (0.33%) Windows Server 2008
16 18 (0.24%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,835 (37.33%) Agile Software Development
2 2,482 (32.68%) DevOps
3 984 (12.96%) Data Science
4 966 (12.72%) Software Engineering
5 958 (12.62%) Analytics
6 928 (12.22%) Continuous Integration
7 829 (10.92%) Machine Learning
8 777 (10.23%) Test Automation
9 760 (10.01%) Microservices
10 734 (9.67%) TDD
11 709 (9.34%) Scrum
12 595 (7.84%) Configuration Management
13 555 (7.31%) Open Source
14 536 (7.06%) ETL
15 511 (6.73%) Computer Science
16 489 (6.44%) Problem-Solving
17 474 (6.24%) Visualisation
18 448 (5.90%) Infrastructure as Code
19 438 (5.77%) Migration
20 425 (5.60%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 2,402 (31.63%) Java
2 1,922 (25.31%) SQL
3 1,168 (15.38%) JavaScript
4 1,036 (13.64%) Bash Shell
5 765 (10.07%) Ruby
6 760 (10.01%) C++
7 713 (9.39%) C#
8 620 (8.16%) R
9 592 (7.80%) Scala
10 577 (7.60%) Perl
11 563 (7.41%) PowerShell
12 459 (6.04%) Go
13 333 (4.39%) Shell Script
14 331 (4.36%) C
15 272 (3.58%) PHP
16 195 (2.57%) Groovy
17 90 (1.19%) VBA
18 84 (1.11%) Java 8
18 84 (1.11%) TypeScript
19 80 (1.05%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 678 (8.93%) Security Cleared
2 515 (6.78%) Degree
3 454 (5.98%) SC Cleared
4 189 (2.49%) PhD
5 175 (2.30%) AWS Certification
6 153 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
7 146 (1.92%) DV Cleared
8 97 (1.28%) Cisco Certification
9 71 (0.93%) Master's Degree
10 64 (0.84%) CCNP
11 55 (0.72%) BPSS Clearance
12 50 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
13 42 (0.55%) CCNA
14 37 (0.49%) Microsoft Certification
14 37 (0.49%) RHCE
15 36 (0.47%) CISSP
16 31 (0.41%) DBS Check
17 27 (0.36%) MCSA
18 22 (0.29%) CCIE
19 19 (0.25%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 185 (2.44%) QA
2 87 (1.15%) Data Quality
3 57 (0.75%) NIST
4 46 (0.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 30 (0.40%) PCI DSS
6 21 (0.28%) GDPR
7 20 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 19 (0.25%) COBIT
9 18 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
10 16 (0.21%) NCSC
10 16 (0.21%) SLA
11 13 (0.17%) MiFID
12 9 (0.12%) EMIR
12 9 (0.12%) GxP
12 9 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 5 (0.066%) HMG Infosec
13 5 (0.066%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 5 (0.066%) JSP 440
13 5 (0.066%) JTAG
14 4 (0.053%) PMO
System Software
1 1,628 (21.44%) Docker
2 172 (2.26%) VMware Infrastructure
3 107 (1.41%) Active Directory
4 79 (1.04%) HDFS
5 77 (1.01%) Virtual Machines
6 73 (0.96%) Hyper-V
7 40 (0.53%) VMware ESXi
8 36 (0.47%) Apache Flume
9 34 (0.45%) vSphere
10 27 (0.36%) Firmware
10 27 (0.36%) VMware NSX
11 21 (0.28%) VirtualBox
12 19 (0.25%) KVM
13 13 (0.17%) Snort
14 12 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 11 (0.14%) Samba
15 11 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
16 10 (0.13%) NFS
17 9 (0.12%) LXC
17 9 (0.12%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,267 (16.68%) Ansible
2 1,236 (16.28%) Kubernetes
3 1,024 (13.48%) Terraform
4 718 (9.45%) Puppet
5 511 (6.73%) Opscode Chef
6 115 (1.51%) Grafana
7 109 (1.44%) Salt
8 102 (1.34%) Packer
9 77 (1.01%) Prometheus
10 70 (0.92%) Kibana
11 64 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
12 63 (0.83%) Nagios
13 62 (0.82%) Consul
14 44 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
15 39 (0.51%) Suricata
16 34 (0.45%) ZABBIX
17 33 (0.43%) logstash
17 33 (0.43%) Rancher
18 32 (0.42%) Nessus
19 31 (0.41%) HAProxy
Vendors
1 738 (9.72%) Google
2 490 (6.45%) Microsoft
3 463 (6.10%) Oracle
4 358 (4.71%) Red Hat
5 270 (3.56%) Splunk
6 266 (3.50%) Tableau
7 240 (3.16%) VMware
8 154 (2.03%) Databricks
9 149 (1.96%) Cisco
10 142 (1.87%) Atlassian
11 135 (1.78%) Cloudera
12 133 (1.75%) IBM
13 100 (1.32%) Informatica
14 97 (1.28%) SAP
15 80 (1.05%) HP
16 77 (1.01%) Hortonworks
17 76 (1.00%) Bloomberg
18 72 (0.95%) Talend
19 71 (0.93%) ServiceNow
20 65 (0.86%) CheckPoint