Period
to 14 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 14 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
14 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 13 16 18
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +7
Contract jobs citing Python 6,004 4,503 7,313
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 10.51% 8.93% 8.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 25.90% 21.92% 18.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,354 3,202 4,916
10th Percentile £375 £375 £371
25th Percentile £438 £435 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £525 £525
75th Percentile £625 £625 £613
90th Percentile £700 £703 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £470 £488 £475
% change year-on-year -3.59% +2.63% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 100 75 121
10th Percentile £22.73 £18.25 £20.00
25th Percentile £26.19 £22.08 £32.50
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +12.50%
75th Percentile £50.00 £47.83 £50.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £58.60 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.77 £45.00
% change year-on-year +0.58% -11.62% +12.50%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,180 20,544 39,138
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.56% 40.74% 42.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,299 14,491 27,539
10th Percentile £325 £325 £325
25th Percentile £406 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
75th Percentile £594 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £660 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £428 £450 £425
% change year-on-year -5.00% +5.88% +6.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 459 366 627
10th Percentile £17.21 £17.25 £17.50
25th Percentile £25.00 £21.57 £26.25
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year - -1.16% +7.50%
75th Percentile £51.63 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £62.25 £57.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% -3.41% +10.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 14 May 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 14 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 4,778 £525 - 2,240
London +1 3,224 £550 - 1,123
Work from Home +5 1,957 £525 +5.00% 500
UK excluding London 0 1,606 £470 -3.59% 1,284
South East -6 345 £475 - 299
South West +7 322 £500 -4.76% 163
Scotland +23 304 £450 - 112
North of England +2 299 £453 -13.81% 286
North West +10 175 £450 -14.29% 141
East of England +3 131 £480 +6.67% 207
Midlands -1 128 £408 -17.47% 161
Yorkshire +4 119 £463 -10.84% 110
West Midlands -11 91 £400 -20.00% 110
Wales -2 79 £433 -11.51% 38
East Midlands +27 32 £405 -4.14% 50
Northern Ireland 0 11 £431 +43.67% 20
North East -17 6 £495 -1.00% 35

For the 6 months to 14 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,079 (34.63%) AWS
2 1,985 (33.06%) Agile Software Development
3 1,877 (31.26%) DevOps
4 1,803 (30.03%) SQL
5 1,636 (27.25%) Azure
6 1,601 (26.67%) Java
7 1,320 (21.99%) Finance
8 1,169 (19.47%) Linux
9 1,075 (17.90%) Kubernetes
10 1,069 (17.80%) JavaScript
11 1,043 (17.37%) Docker
12 1,028 (17.12%) Terraform
13 976 (16.26%) Social Skills
14 965 (16.07%) Git (software)
15 935 (15.57%) Jenkins
16 927 (15.44%) Software Engineering
17 874 (14.56%) Analytics
18 859 (14.31%) Ansible
19 793 (13.21%) GCP
20 719 (11.98%) Test Automation
21 697 (11.61%) Serverless
22 695 (11.58%) Microservices
23 618 (10.29%) Data Science
24 568 (9.46%) Security Cleared
25 557 (9.28%) Bash Shell
26 524 (8.73%) ETL
27 520 (8.66%) Web Services
27 520 (8.66%) React
28 514 (8.56%) Oracle
29 508 (8.46%) Scrum

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 439 (7.31%) Apache Spark
2 286 (4.76%) Confluence
3 276 (4.60%) Apache
4 171 (2.85%) Elasticsearch
5 154 (2.56%) Apache Airflow
6 121 (2.02%) SAS
7 87 (1.45%) nginx
8 81 (1.35%) Jupyter
9 79 (1.32%) SharePoint
10 50 (0.83%) BizTalk Server
11 40 (0.67%) Tomcat
12 37 (0.62%) Oracle Coherence
13 36 (0.60%) IIS
14 35 (0.58%) WebSphere
15 29 (0.48%) JBoss
16 28 (0.47%) OpenStack
17 27 (0.45%) CMS
18 25 (0.42%) ArcGIS
19 23 (0.38%) Cloud Foundry
19 23 (0.38%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 103 (1.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (0.73%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (0.43%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 17 (0.28%) SPSS
5 16 (0.27%) Stata
6 12 (0.20%) Chatbot
7 8 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.083%) Maya
8 5 (0.083%) MS Visio
9 4 (0.067%) Simulink
10 2 (0.033%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 2 (0.033%) AutoCAD
10 2 (0.033%) CINEMA 4D
10 2 (0.033%) Doxygen
10 2 (0.033%) Houdini
10 2 (0.033%) ZBrush
11 1 (0.017%) Final Cut Pro
11 1 (0.017%) GNU Octave
11 1 (0.017%) MotionBuilder
11 1 (0.017%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 25 (0.42%) Dynamics CRM
2 16 (0.27%) ION MarketView
3 12 (0.20%) SunGard Martini
4 11 (0.18%) Magento
4 11 (0.18%) Markit EDM
5 10 (0.17%) Eagle PACE
6 8 (0.13%) Sentinel
7 7 (0.12%) Shopify
8 6 (0.100%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.083%) Oracle EBS
9 5 (0.083%) RMDS
9 5 (0.083%) SAP CRM
9 5 (0.083%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
10 4 (0.067%) Maximo
10 4 (0.067%) Towers Watson Igloo
11 3 (0.050%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.050%) SAP Hybris
12 2 (0.033%) R3 Corda
12 2 (0.033%) SAP ERP
12 2 (0.033%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 2,079 (34.63%) AWS
2 1,636 (27.25%) Azure
3 793 (13.21%) GCP
4 697 (11.61%) Serverless
5 484 (8.06%) AWS Lambda
6 348 (5.80%) Amazon S3
7 339 (5.65%) GitHub
8 301 (5.01%) Power Platform
9 239 (3.98%) AWS CloudFormation
10 205 (3.41%) Amazon EC2
11 182 (3.03%) PaaS
12 178 (2.96%) Azure Data Factory
13 144 (2.40%) OpenShift
14 136 (2.27%) SaaS
15 128 (2.13%) Amazon EKS
16 120 (2.00%) IaaS
17 116 (1.93%) Azure Cosmos DB
18 115 (1.92%) Azure Functions
19 96 (1.60%) Amazon SQS
20 83 (1.38%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 181 (3.01%) Firewall
2 138 (2.30%) DNS
3 112 (1.87%) HTTP
4 91 (1.52%) TCP/IP
5 61 (1.02%) Network Security
6 47 (0.78%) Internet
6 47 (0.78%) Wi-Fi
7 43 (0.72%) SAN
8 42 (0.70%) SSL
8 42 (0.70%) Wireless
9 41 (0.68%) VPN
10 40 (0.67%) WAN
11 38 (0.63%) LAN
12 30 (0.50%) Wireshark
13 27 (0.45%) Multicast
14 23 (0.38%) FTP
14 23 (0.38%) Kerberos
14 23 (0.38%) MPLS
14 23 (0.38%) OSPF
15 22 (0.37%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 424 (7.06%) Big Data
2 399 (6.65%) PostgreSQL
3 349 (5.81%) Data Warehouse
4 331 (5.51%) Hadoop
5 322 (5.36%) SQL Server
6 316 (5.26%) NoSQL
7 299 (4.98%) Relational Database
8 283 (4.71%) Power BI
9 260 (4.33%) MongoDB
10 241 (4.01%) Tableau
11 211 (3.51%) MySQL
12 205 (3.41%) Data Lake
13 172 (2.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 167 (2.78%) Amazon RDS
14 167 (2.78%) BigQuery
15 164 (2.73%) Apache Hive
16 156 (2.60%) Amazon Redshift
17 149 (2.48%) Azure SQL Database
18 97 (1.62%) Oracle Database
19 87 (1.45%) Snowflake Schema
Development Applications
1 965 (16.07%) Git (software)
2 935 (15.57%) Jenkins
3 506 (8.43%) JIRA
4 305 (5.08%) GitLab
5 219 (3.65%) Maven
6 169 (2.81%) Bitbucket
7 139 (2.32%) TeamCity
8 136 (2.27%) Selenium
9 129 (2.15%) Artifactory
10 121 (2.02%) Gradle
11 112 (1.87%) Visual Studio
12 107 (1.78%) Sonatype Nexus
13 103 (1.72%) CircleCI
14 88 (1.47%) Cucumber
14 88 (1.47%) SonarQube
15 76 (1.27%) Travis CI
16 75 (1.25%) JUnit
17 69 (1.15%) gulp
18 67 (1.12%) Subversion
19 60 (1.00%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 1,320 (21.99%) Finance
2 976 (16.26%) Social Skills
3 500 (8.33%) Banking
4 464 (7.73%) Analytical Skills
5 442 (7.36%) Front Office
6 342 (5.70%) Public Sector
7 180 (3.00%) Marketing
8 171 (2.85%) Telecoms
9 166 (2.76%) Investment Banking
10 108 (1.80%) Retail
11 106 (1.77%) Presentation Skills
12 76 (1.27%) Electronics
13 73 (1.22%) Manufacturing
14 70 (1.17%) Documentation Skills
15 54 (0.90%) Back Office
16 48 (0.80%) Influencing Skills
17 42 (0.70%) Games
18 41 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
19 39 (0.65%) Law
20 31 (0.52%) Organisational Skills
Job Titles
1 1,984 (33.04%) Developer
2 797 (13.27%) Python Developer
3 713 (11.88%) DevOps Engineer
4 683 (11.38%) Data Engineer
5 434 (7.23%) Analyst
6 420 (7.00%) Python Engineer
7 358 (5.96%) AWS Engineer
8 339 (5.65%) Software Engineer
9 267 (4.45%) Azure Engineer
9 267 (4.45%) Data Scientist
10 253 (4.21%) Architect
11 217 (3.61%) React Developer
12 203 (3.38%) Cloud Engineer
13 201 (3.35%) Data Analyst
14 194 (3.23%) Java Developer
15 177 (2.95%) Senior Developer
16 161 (2.68%) AWS DevOps
17 157 (2.61%) Consultant
18 128 (2.13%) Full Stack Developer
19 127 (2.12%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 520 (8.66%) React
1 520 (8.66%) Web Services
2 455 (7.58%) Node.js
3 431 (7.18%) .NET
4 389 (6.48%) Kafka
5 319 (5.31%) AngularJS
6 290 (4.83%) Django
7 268 (4.46%) HTML
8 262 (4.36%) REST
9 221 (3.68%) PySpark
10 218 (3.63%) RESTful
11 215 (3.58%) JSON
12 206 (3.43%) CSS
13 197 (3.28%) Spring
14 196 (3.26%) Flask
15 184 (3.06%) NumPy
16 169 (2.81%) Pandas
17 166 (2.76%) XML
18 126 (2.10%) Elastic Stack
19 112 (1.87%) TensorFlow
Miscellaneous
1 250 (4.16%) Cloud Native
2 226 (3.76%) Derivative
3 216 (3.60%) Equities
4 205 (3.41%) Algorithms
5 180 (3.00%) User Experience
6 164 (2.73%) Fixed Income
7 152 (2.53%) Hedge funds
8 145 (2.42%) Data Structures
9 138 (2.30%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 133 (2.22%) Public Cloud
11 128 (2.13%) Greenfield Project
12 110 (1.83%) Self-Motivation
13 104 (1.73%) Data Centre
14 87 (1.45%) Management Information System
15 79 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
16 64 (1.07%) Mobile App
17 61 (1.02%) Equity Derivative
18 60 (1.00%) Credit Risk
19 48 (0.80%) Blog
20 47 (0.78%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 1,169 (19.47%) Linux
2 499 (8.31%) Windows
3 331 (5.51%) Unix
4 196 (3.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 99 (1.65%) CentOS
6 92 (1.53%) Windows Server
7 61 (1.02%) Ubuntu
8 49 (0.82%) Android
9 38 (0.63%) Windows Server 2012
10 35 (0.58%) Windows Server 2016
11 26 (0.43%) Apple iOS
12 25 (0.42%) Windows Server 2019
13 24 (0.40%) Solaris
14 21 (0.35%) Windows Server 2008
15 17 (0.28%) AIX
16 16 (0.27%) OpenWrt
17 14 (0.23%) Debian
17 14 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
17 14 (0.23%) Mac OS
17 14 (0.23%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,985 (33.06%) Agile Software Development
2 1,877 (31.26%) DevOps
3 927 (15.44%) Software Engineering
4 874 (14.56%) Analytics
5 719 (11.98%) Test Automation
6 695 (11.58%) Microservices
7 618 (10.29%) Data Science
8 524 (8.73%) ETL
9 508 (8.46%) Scrum
10 507 (8.44%) Machine Learning
11 501 (8.34%) TDD
12 491 (8.18%) Infrastructure as Code
13 471 (7.84%) Business Intelligence
14 451 (7.51%) Problem-Solving
15 421 (7.01%) Continuous Integration
16 408 (6.80%) Data Engineering
17 400 (6.66%) Visualisation
18 382 (6.36%) Data Pipeline
19 380 (6.33%) Data Modelling
20 336 (5.60%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,803 (30.03%) SQL
2 1,601 (26.67%) Java
3 1,069 (17.80%) JavaScript
4 557 (9.28%) Bash Shell
5 486 (8.09%) C#
6 463 (7.71%) PowerShell
7 438 (7.30%) C++
8 437 (7.28%) Scala
9 412 (6.86%) R
10 349 (5.81%) TypeScript
11 328 (5.46%) Go
12 275 (4.58%) Ruby
13 248 (4.13%) Shell Script
14 230 (3.83%) Perl
15 207 (3.45%) C
16 181 (3.01%) Kotlin
17 167 (2.78%) Groovy
18 155 (2.58%) PL/SQL
19 128 (2.13%) T-SQL
20 111 (1.85%) PHP
Qualifications
1 568 (9.46%) Security Cleared
2 483 (8.04%) Degree
3 459 (7.64%) SC Cleared
4 111 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 96 (1.60%) DV Cleared
6 91 (1.52%) PhD
7 69 (1.15%) Cisco Certification
8 58 (0.97%) AWS Certification
9 47 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
10 43 (0.72%) CCNA
11 40 (0.67%) CCNP
12 34 (0.57%) Master's Degree
13 23 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
14 22 (0.37%) CISSP
14 22 (0.37%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 19 (0.32%) CCIE
16 17 (0.28%) RHCE
17 15 (0.25%) DBS Check
17 15 (0.25%) GIAC
18 11 (0.18%) GCIH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 219 (3.65%) QA
2 150 (2.50%) Data Quality
3 31 (0.52%) GDPR
4 30 (0.50%) SLA
5 16 (0.27%) Disclosure Scotland
5 16 (0.27%) IFRS
6 14 (0.23%) IFRS 9
7 11 (0.18%) MiFID
7 11 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 10 (0.17%) JTAG
9 6 (0.100%) GRC
9 6 (0.100%) WCAG
10 5 (0.083%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.067%) HIPAA
11 4 (0.067%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 4 (0.067%) NIST
11 4 (0.067%) PMO
12 3 (0.050%) Actionable Recommendations
12 3 (0.050%) Cyber Essentials
12 3 (0.050%) NCSC
System Software
1 1,043 (17.37%) Docker
2 134 (2.23%) Active Directory
3 111 (1.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 77 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
5 71 (1.18%) HDFS
6 45 (0.75%) VMware ESXi
7 27 (0.45%) vSphere
8 21 (0.35%) Apache Flume
8 21 (0.35%) Virtual Desktop
9 19 (0.32%) VMware NSX
10 18 (0.30%) Platform Symphony
11 17 (0.28%) Hyper-V
12 16 (0.27%) Firmware
13 15 (0.25%) NFS
14 13 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 13 (0.22%) Varnish
15 11 (0.18%) BitLocker
15 11 (0.18%) GridGain
16 9 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
17 8 (0.13%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,075 (17.90%) Kubernetes
2 1,028 (17.12%) Terraform
3 859 (14.31%) Ansible
4 295 (4.91%) Puppet
5 266 (4.43%) Opscode Chef
6 169 (2.81%) Grafana
7 126 (2.10%) Prometheus
8 87 (1.45%) Kibana
9 72 (1.20%) Istio
10 50 (0.83%) Packer
11 49 (0.82%) Consul
12 41 (0.68%) Rancher
13 38 (0.63%) SCCM
14 36 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
15 34 (0.57%) logstash
16 33 (0.55%) Argo
16 33 (0.55%) Oozie
16 33 (0.55%) Salt
17 26 (0.43%) Nagios
18 24 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 514 (8.56%) Oracle
2 390 (6.50%) Google
3 382 (6.36%) Microsoft
4 291 (4.85%) Databricks
5 202 (3.36%) Splunk
6 185 (3.08%) Red Hat
7 182 (3.03%) VMware
8 120 (2.00%) SAP
9 109 (1.82%) Cisco
9 109 (1.82%) IBM
10 85 (1.42%) MuleSoft
11 74 (1.23%) Cloudera
12 61 (1.02%) Salesforce.com
13 60 (1.00%) Informatica
14 58 (0.97%) ServiceNow
15 56 (0.93%) Atlassian
16 52 (0.87%) AppDynamics
17 49 (0.82%) Alteryx
18 44 (0.73%) EMC
19 41 (0.68%) Hortonworks