Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 25 30 44
Rank change year-on-year +5 +14 +21
Contract jobs citing Python 7,453 6,009 4,531
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.15% 6.26% 4.12%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.35% 15.05% 10.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,109 4,177 3,059
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £338 £325
90th Percentile £675 £650 £632
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +13.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 105 75
UK median hourly rate £41.77 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.87% +9.33% -3.85%
10th Percentile £12.50 £28.45 £16.79
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £56.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -2.44% +9.33% -6.25%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,594 39,914 42,533
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.77% 41.60% 38.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,916 27,365 29,155
UK median daily rate £463 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 798 802 924
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.61% +10.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.25 £13.26
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -2.98% +12.00% +7.14%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 6,903 £525 +5.00% 2,389
London +1 4,431 £550 +4.76% 1,232
UK excluding London +9 2,939 £450 +5.88% 1,306
South East +6 889 £469 +4.75% 367
North of England +8 800 £450 +5.88% 292
North West +27 373 £463 +8.82% 153
Scotland +1 337 £425 +6.25% 105
Yorkshire -6 337 £450 +5.88% 108
Midlands -3 280 £475 +3.26% 107
East of England +3 260 £425 +4.94% 224
South West +10 223 £475 +11.76% 166
West Midlands -12 176 £500 +5.26% 64
Wales +19 120 £475 - 24
East Midlands +6 101 £419 -0.89% 43
North East +17 90 £375 -9.47% 31
Northern Ireland +30 39 £453 +13.13% 20

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,704 (36.28%) Linux
2 2,448 (32.85%) DevOps
3 2,441 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
4 2,370 (31.80%) Java
5 2,232 (29.95%) Amazon AWS
6 1,788 (23.99%) SQL
7 1,776 (23.83%) Jenkins
8 1,682 (22.57%) Docker
9 1,647 (22.10%) Ansible
10 1,567 (21.03%) Git (software)
11 1,386 (18.60%) Finance
12 1,373 (18.42%) Bash Shell
13 1,291 (17.32%) JavaScript
14 1,234 (16.56%) Puppet
15 1,221 (16.38%) Continuous Integration
16 1,220 (16.37%) Ruby
17 1,044 (14.01%) Big Data
18 994 (13.34%) Perl
19 974 (13.07%) Analytics
20 945 (12.68%) Kubernetes
21 932 (12.51%) Configuration Management
22 930 (12.48%) Unix
23 917 (12.30%) Opscode Chef
24 864 (11.59%) Terraform
25 853 (11.45%) Hadoop
26 852 (11.43%) C++
27 840 (11.27%) Microsoft Azure
28 834 (11.19%) Test Automation
29 825 (11.07%) Windows
30 816 (10.95%) TDD

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 765 (10.26%) Apache Spark
2 389 (5.22%) Elasticsearch
3 386 (5.18%) Apache
4 327 (4.39%) Confluence
5 294 (3.94%) nginx
6 212 (2.84%) Tomcat
7 179 (2.40%) Cloud Foundry
8 147 (1.97%) SAS
9 112 (1.50%) OpenStack
10 101 (1.36%) Apache Pig
11 95 (1.27%) Apache Solr
12 80 (1.07%) JBoss
13 71 (0.95%) CMS
14 70 (0.94%) WebSphere
15 68 (0.91%) Jupyter
16 66 (0.89%) Apache Airflow
17 55 (0.74%) WebLogic
18 50 (0.67%) IIS
19 42 (0.56%) SharePoint
20 31 (0.42%) Ethereum
Applications
1 153 (2.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 29 (0.39%) Chatbot
3 26 (0.35%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.31%) HipChat
5 22 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 22 (0.30%) SPSS
6 20 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
7 14 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
8 12 (0.16%) Stata
9 11 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
10 8 (0.11%) Simulink
11 6 (0.081%) Doxygen
12 3 (0.040%) Maya
13 2 (0.027%) 3ds Max
13 2 (0.027%) CINEMA 4D
13 2 (0.027%) Photoshop
14 1 (0.013%) Houdini
14 1 (0.013%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 15 (0.20%) Distributed Ledger
2 14 (0.19%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 13 (0.17%) Payment Gateway
4 9 (0.12%) ION MarketView
4 9 (0.12%) R3 Corda
5 8 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.067%) AquaLogic BPM
6 5 (0.067%) Eloqua
6 5 (0.067%) Markit EDM
6 5 (0.067%) Oracle BPM
7 4 (0.054%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.054%) HFM
7 4 (0.054%) Magento
7 4 (0.054%) Summit
8 3 (0.040%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.040%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.027%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
9 2 (0.027%) Documaker
9 2 (0.027%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.027%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,232 (29.95%) Amazon AWS
2 840 (11.27%) Microsoft Azure
3 404 (5.42%) Google Cloud Platform
4 393 (5.27%) GitHub
5 357 (4.79%) Amazon EC2
6 316 (4.24%) Serverless
7 305 (4.09%) AWS CloudFormation
8 297 (3.98%) Amazon S3
9 281 (3.77%) AWS Lambda
10 195 (2.62%) PaaS
11 192 (2.58%) Cloud Computing
12 177 (2.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 142 (1.91%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 136 (1.82%) IaaS
15 135 (1.81%) OpenShift
16 125 (1.68%) npm
17 95 (1.27%) SaaS
18 90 (1.21%) Route 53
19 83 (1.11%) Datadog
20 78 (1.05%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 247 (3.31%) Firewall
1 247 (3.31%) TCP/IP
2 203 (2.72%) HTTP
3 196 (2.63%) DNS
4 193 (2.59%) SSL
5 121 (1.62%) Internet
6 70 (0.94%) BGP
6 70 (0.94%) Network Security
6 70 (0.94%) WAN
7 64 (0.86%) VPN
8 60 (0.81%) LAN
9 58 (0.78%) Kerberos
10 54 (0.72%) SMS
11 51 (0.68%) MPLS
12 45 (0.60%) DHCP
13 39 (0.52%) OSPF
13 39 (0.52%) SNMP
14 38 (0.51%) SAN
14 38 (0.51%) Wireless
15 35 (0.47%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,044 (14.01%) Big Data
2 853 (11.45%) Hadoop
3 687 (9.22%) PostgreSQL
4 681 (9.14%) NoSQL
5 591 (7.93%) MySQL
5 591 (7.93%) Relational Database
6 549 (7.37%) MongoDB
7 491 (6.59%) SQL Server
8 334 (4.48%) Apache Cassandra
9 329 (4.41%) Apache Hive
10 295 (3.96%) Data Warehouse
11 241 (3.23%) Amazon Redshift
12 218 (2.92%) Redis
13 216 (2.90%) RDBMS
14 214 (2.87%) HBase
15 201 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
16 149 (2.00%) Power BI
17 123 (1.65%) Impala
18 116 (1.56%) Data Lake
19 108 (1.45%) Data Mining
Development Applications
1 1,776 (23.83%) Jenkins
2 1,567 (21.03%) Git (software)
3 659 (8.84%) JIRA
4 297 (3.98%) Sonatype Nexus
5 292 (3.92%) Selenium
6 268 (3.60%) Maven
7 257 (3.45%) Subversion
8 235 (3.15%) TeamCity
9 181 (2.43%) Cucumber
10 180 (2.42%) Artifactory
11 167 (2.24%) GitLab
12 144 (1.93%) Bitbucket
13 127 (1.70%) Vagrant
14 126 (1.69%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 126 (1.69%) SonarQube
15 106 (1.42%) Visual Studio
16 102 (1.37%) Ant
16 102 (1.37%) Gradle
17 94 (1.26%) JUnit
18 85 (1.14%) Travis CI
General
1 1,386 (18.60%) Finance
2 661 (8.87%) Banking
3 354 (4.75%) Front Office
4 229 (3.07%) Retail
5 187 (2.51%) Investment Banking
6 170 (2.28%) Marketing
7 162 (2.17%) Telecoms
8 119 (1.60%) Games
9 66 (0.89%) Manufacturing
10 65 (0.87%) Financial Institution
11 58 (0.78%) Electronics
12 51 (0.68%) Law
13 42 (0.56%) Advertising
14 40 (0.54%) Publishing
15 33 (0.44%) Automotive
15 33 (0.44%) Back Office
16 23 (0.31%) French Language
17 21 (0.28%) Legal
18 19 (0.25%) Retail Banking
19 14 (0.19%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 2,660 (35.69%) Developer
2 1,508 (20.23%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,293 (17.35%) Python Developer
4 592 (7.94%) AWS Engineer
5 488 (6.55%) Data Engineer
6 456 (6.12%) AWS DevOps
7 417 (5.60%) Python Engineer
8 397 (5.33%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 362 (4.86%) Analyst
10 342 (4.59%) Data Scientist
11 326 (4.37%) Java Developer
12 289 (3.88%) Software Engineer
13 280 (3.76%) Architect
13 280 (3.76%) Senior Developer
14 236 (3.17%) Cloud Engineer
15 229 (3.07%) Linux Engineer
16 224 (3.01%) Senior DevOps
17 216 (2.90%) Consultant
18 214 (2.87%) C++ Developer
19 213 (2.86%) Django Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 671 (9.00%) HTML
2 643 (8.63%) Node.js
3 589 (7.90%) Web Services
4 556 (7.46%) Django
5 530 (7.11%) CSS
5 530 (7.11%) Kafka
6 527 (7.07%) REST
7 417 (5.60%) React
8 363 (4.87%) AngularJS
9 333 (4.47%) XML
10 328 (4.40%) Elastic Stack
11 308 (4.13%) JSON
12 281 (3.77%) .NET
13 280 (3.76%) RESTful
14 223 (2.99%) HTML5
15 210 (2.82%) Spring
16 193 (2.59%) Middleware
17 186 (2.50%) Flask
18 172 (2.31%) RabbitMQ
19 161 (2.16%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 607 (8.14%) Analytical Skills
2 465 (6.24%) Computer Science
3 412 (5.53%) Algorithms
4 256 (3.43%) Greenfield Project
5 252 (3.38%) Linux Command Line
6 220 (2.95%) Derivative
7 162 (2.17%) Data Structures
7 162 (2.17%) Fintech
8 160 (2.15%) Data Centre
9 159 (2.13%) User Experience
10 155 (2.08%) Fixed Income
11 139 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 138 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
13 122 (1.64%) Mobile App
14 121 (1.62%) Enterprise Software
15 110 (1.48%) Public Cloud
16 103 (1.38%) iPad
17 81 (1.09%) Clustering
18 77 (1.03%) Hedge funds
19 72 (0.97%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 2,704 (36.28%) Linux
2 930 (12.48%) Unix
3 825 (11.07%) Windows
4 451 (6.05%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 270 (3.62%) CentOS
6 228 (3.06%) Ubuntu
7 110 (1.48%) Windows Server
8 103 (1.38%) Android
9 85 (1.14%) Apple iOS
10 69 (0.93%) Solaris
11 49 (0.66%) Debian
12 46 (0.62%) Mac OS X
13 44 (0.59%) AIX
14 42 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
15 37 (0.50%) DC/OS
16 28 (0.38%) VMS
17 23 (0.31%) CoreOS
18 18 (0.24%) Windows Server 2012
19 15 (0.20%) Mac OS
20 14 (0.19%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,448 (32.85%) DevOps
2 2,441 (32.75%) Agile Software Development
3 1,221 (16.38%) Continuous Integration
4 974 (13.07%) Analytics
5 932 (12.51%) Configuration Management
6 834 (11.19%) Test Automation
7 816 (10.95%) TDD
8 795 (10.67%) Open Source
9 761 (10.21%) Data Science
10 698 (9.37%) Software Engineering
11 676 (9.07%) Scrum
12 636 (8.53%) Machine Learning
13 618 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
14 512 (6.87%) Microservices
15 479 (6.43%) ETL
15 479 (6.43%) OO
16 438 (5.88%) Migration
17 409 (5.49%) SDLC
18 397 (5.33%) Business Intelligence
19 368 (4.94%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,370 (31.80%) Java
2 1,788 (23.99%) SQL
3 1,373 (18.42%) Bash Shell
4 1,291 (17.32%) JavaScript
5 1,220 (16.37%) Ruby
6 994 (13.34%) Perl
7 852 (11.43%) C++
8 752 (10.09%) C#
9 690 (9.26%) Scala
10 589 (7.90%) R
11 430 (5.77%) Go
12 419 (5.62%) PowerShell
13 398 (5.34%) Shell Script
14 387 (5.19%) C
15 313 (4.20%) Groovy
16 299 (4.01%) PHP
17 119 (1.60%) Java 8
18 116 (1.56%) MATLAB
19 101 (1.36%) Korn
20 99 (1.33%) VBA
Qualifications
1 602 (8.08%) Degree
2 513 (6.88%) Security Cleared
3 412 (5.53%) SC Cleared
4 176 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 122 (1.64%) PhD
6 108 (1.45%) AWS Certification
7 77 (1.03%) Master's Degree
8 70 (0.94%) Cisco Certification
9 66 (0.89%) DV Cleared
10 55 (0.74%) Numerate Degree
11 50 (0.67%) CCNP
12 49 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
13 33 (0.44%) CCNA
14 30 (0.40%) CISSP
15 25 (0.34%) ISTQB
16 21 (0.28%) SANS
17 17 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
18 16 (0.21%) CISM
18 16 (0.21%) ISEB
18 16 (0.21%) RHCE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 240 (3.22%) QA
2 203 (2.72%) GCP
3 123 (1.65%) Data Quality
4 72 (0.97%) GDPR
5 24 (0.32%) SLA
6 20 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 18 (0.24%) MiFID
7 18 (0.24%) PMO
8 15 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
9 11 (0.15%) EMIR
10 9 (0.12%) MISRA
11 8 (0.11%) IFRS
11 8 (0.11%) MISRA C
12 6 (0.081%) IFRS 9
13 5 (0.067%) FINRA
13 5 (0.067%) IEC 62304
13 5 (0.067%) PCI DSS
14 4 (0.054%) Dodd-Frank
15 3 (0.040%) Solvency II
16 2 (0.027%) ISO 13485
System Software
1 1,682 (22.57%) Docker
2 175 (2.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 134 (1.80%) HDFS
4 117 (1.57%) Virtual Machines
5 99 (1.33%) Apache Flume
6 86 (1.15%) Active Directory
7 50 (0.67%) VirtualBox
8 49 (0.66%) Hyper-V
9 47 (0.63%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 44 (0.59%) Firmware
11 31 (0.42%) KVM
11 31 (0.42%) NFS
12 28 (0.38%) etcd
13 26 (0.35%) flannel
13 26 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
13 26 (0.35%) Xen
14 24 (0.32%) vSphere
15 19 (0.25%) Veritas Cluster Server
16 15 (0.20%) ProxySG
17 13 (0.17%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,647 (22.10%) Ansible
2 1,234 (16.56%) Puppet
3 945 (12.68%) Kubernetes
4 917 (12.30%) Opscode Chef
5 864 (11.59%) Terraform
6 219 (2.94%) Salt
7 209 (2.80%) Nagios
8 196 (2.63%) Kibana
9 190 (2.55%) Packer
10 166 (2.23%) Grafana
11 150 (2.01%) logstash
12 118 (1.58%) Mesos
13 116 (1.56%) Prometheus
14 103 (1.38%) Consul
15 102 (1.37%) ZABBIX
16 99 (1.33%) HAProxy
17 83 (1.11%) Hadoop YARN
18 76 (1.02%) Oozie
19 74 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
20 48 (0.64%) Rancher
Vendors
1 740 (9.93%) Oracle
2 488 (6.55%) Google
3 414 (5.55%) Red Hat
4 360 (4.83%) Microsoft
5 347 (4.66%) Splunk
6 255 (3.42%) VMware
7 223 (2.99%) Tableau
8 194 (2.60%) Cloudera
9 181 (2.43%) Atlassian
10 173 (2.32%) IBM
11 132 (1.77%) Cisco
12 130 (1.74%) New Relic
13 121 (1.62%) SaltStack
14 108 (1.45%) Hortonworks
15 88 (1.18%) SAP
16 82 (1.10%) Sybase
17 80 (1.07%) Talend
18 76 (1.02%) Alteryx
19 68 (0.91%) Informatica
20 66 (0.89%) HP