Period
to 23 November 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 14 21
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7 +9
Contract jobs citing Python 4,099 7,177 7,573
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.39% 8.73% 7.30%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.21% 21.08% 16.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,294 4,930 5,219
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £375 £363
90th Percentile £713 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £500 £463
% change year-on-year -10.00% +8.11% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 133 122
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -21.35% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £20.19 £19.18 £21.25
90th Percentile £52.25 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £44.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year -21.35% +4.71% +3.34%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 15,065 34,041 46,373
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.88% 41.41% 44.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,816 23,469 32,683
Median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £308 £325 £318
90th Percentile £675 £650 £640
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 427 696 682
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £41.57
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +2.24% +3.93%
10th Percentile £13.00 £18.00 £16.69
90th Percentile £58.00 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £37.50 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -11.76% +1.19% +5.00%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 November 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3,519 £525 -2.33% 1,779
London +4 2,450 £550 - 862
UK excluding London +10 1,133 £450 -10.00% 1,035
Work from Home -1 939 £525 +5.00% 334
North of England +13 332 £450 -9.09% 294
South East +7 234 £450 -5.26% 253
South West +10 162 £481 -8.43% 114
Yorkshire +11 159 £450 -10.00% 95
North West +18 157 £450 -6.49% 166
Scotland 0 140 £404 -19.25% 90
East of England +3 117 £425 -15.00% 160
Midlands +28 98 £425 -12.82% 92
West Midlands +22 68 £435 -11.90% 62
Wales -2 34 £450 -5.26% 19
East Midlands +23 28 £405 -7.43% 30
Northern Ireland +10 21 £400 -30.43% 13
North East -9 15 £495 +5.88% 33

For the 6 months to 23 November 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 1,512 (36.89%) AWS
2 1,349 (32.91%) Java
3 1,334 (32.54%) Agile Software Development
4 1,226 (29.91%) DevOps
5 1,116 (27.23%) SQL
6 1,039 (25.35%) Finance
7 1,003 (24.47%) Azure
8 908 (22.15%) Linux
9 840 (20.49%) Kubernetes
10 784 (19.13%) Jenkins
10 784 (19.13%) Docker
11 783 (19.10%) JavaScript
12 734 (17.91%) Terraform
13 723 (17.64%) Software Engineering
14 589 (14.37%) Web Services
14 589 (14.37%) Ansible
15 574 (14.00%) Git (software)
16 553 (13.49%) Banking
17 539 (13.15%) GCP
18 483 (11.78%) Bash Shell
18 483 (11.78%) Serverless
19 473 (11.54%) Front Office
20 472 (11.52%) Microservices
21 469 (11.44%) React
22 465 (11.34%) Analytics
22 465 (11.34%) Asset Management
23 461 (11.25%) Security Cleared
24 443 (10.81%) Test Automation
25 416 (10.15%) Node.js
26 412 (10.05%) Derivative

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 292 (7.12%) Apache Spark
2 256 (6.25%) Apache
3 194 (4.73%) Confluence
4 149 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
5 107 (2.61%) Cloud Foundry
6 79 (1.93%) SAS
7 71 (1.73%) nginx
8 64 (1.56%) Tomcat
9 47 (1.15%) Apache Airflow
10 33 (0.81%) Mule
11 32 (0.78%) Jupyter
12 26 (0.63%) SharePoint
13 25 (0.61%) JBoss
14 22 (0.54%) OpenStack
15 20 (0.49%) IIS
15 20 (0.49%) WebLogic
16 19 (0.46%) ArcGIS
17 18 (0.44%) CMS
18 14 (0.34%) MQSeries
18 14 (0.34%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 84 (2.05%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.56%) Microsoft Office
3 19 (0.46%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 12 (0.29%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.24%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.20%) SPSS
7 4 (0.098%) Maya
8 2 (0.049%) LaTeX
8 2 (0.049%) Microsoft Project
8 2 (0.049%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.049%) Stata
8 2 (0.049%) Windchill
9 1 (0.024%) Blender
9 1 (0.024%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.024%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 27 (0.66%) Markit EDM
2 26 (0.63%) Eagle PACE
3 13 (0.32%) SunGard Martini
4 10 (0.24%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 5 (0.12%) ContrOCC
5 5 (0.12%) Magento
5 5 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.098%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.073%) Dynamics AX
7 3 (0.073%) FINCAD Analytics
7 3 (0.073%) ION MarketView
7 3 (0.073%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.073%) Oracle Applications
7 3 (0.073%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.049%) Aligne
8 2 (0.049%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.049%) OpenText Process Suite
8 2 (0.049%) Oracle Payables
8 2 (0.049%) StreamServe
8 2 (0.049%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,512 (36.89%) AWS
2 1,003 (24.47%) Azure
3 539 (13.15%) GCP
4 483 (11.78%) Serverless
5 392 (9.56%) AWS Lambda
6 268 (6.54%) Amazon S3
7 238 (5.81%) Amazon EC2
8 224 (5.46%) AWS CloudFormation
9 214 (5.22%) GitHub
10 176 (4.29%) Amazon ECS
11 163 (3.98%) Power Platform
12 133 (3.24%) OpenShift
13 120 (2.93%) PaaS
14 98 (2.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 97 (2.37%) Amazon EKS
16 91 (2.22%) Azure Data Factory
17 86 (2.10%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 72 (1.76%) IaaS
19 63 (1.54%) Apigee
20 58 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 154 (3.76%) Firewall
2 124 (3.03%) DNS
3 96 (2.34%) TCP/IP
4 88 (2.15%) HTTP
5 66 (1.61%) DHCP
6 52 (1.27%) Network Security
7 49 (1.20%) SSL
8 46 (1.12%) VPN
9 45 (1.10%) WAN
10 38 (0.93%) BGP
11 35 (0.85%) LAN
12 34 (0.83%) VLAN
13 33 (0.81%) IPv6
14 32 (0.78%) SSH
15 29 (0.71%) Wi-Fi
16 28 (0.68%) OSPF
16 28 (0.68%) SNMP
16 28 (0.68%) Wireless
17 25 (0.61%) Reverse Proxy
18 24 (0.59%) IPv4
Database & Business Intelligence
1 334 (8.15%) Big Data
2 308 (7.51%) PostgreSQL
3 300 (7.32%) SQL Server
4 246 (6.00%) MySQL
5 234 (5.71%) Hadoop
6 215 (5.25%) Data Warehouse
7 200 (4.88%) NoSQL
8 179 (4.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 161 (3.93%) Amazon Redshift
10 158 (3.85%) Power BI
11 146 (3.56%) Amazon RDS
12 138 (3.37%) MongoDB
13 132 (3.22%) Relational Database
14 128 (3.12%) Tableau
15 117 (2.85%) Apache Hive
16 111 (2.71%) Data Lake
17 92 (2.24%) Azure SQL Database
18 83 (2.02%) BigQuery
19 65 (1.59%) Oracle Database
20 57 (1.39%) Redis
Development Applications
1 784 (19.13%) Jenkins
2 574 (14.00%) Git (software)
3 331 (8.08%) JIRA
4 262 (6.39%) GitLab
5 158 (3.85%) Artifactory
6 143 (3.49%) Maven
7 105 (2.56%) Selenium
8 93 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 90 (2.20%) Cucumber
10 88 (2.15%) Bitbucket
11 85 (2.07%) Sonatype Nexus
12 75 (1.83%) Gradle
13 72 (1.76%) JUnit
14 71 (1.73%) CircleCI
15 65 (1.59%) TeamCity
16 60 (1.46%) RStudio
17 58 (1.41%) Vagrant
18 57 (1.39%) Subversion
19 39 (0.95%) IntelliJ
19 39 (0.95%) Xcode
General
1 1,039 (25.35%) Finance
2 553 (13.49%) Banking
3 473 (11.54%) Front Office
4 227 (5.54%) Public Sector
5 214 (5.22%) Investment Banking
6 97 (2.37%) Marketing
7 75 (1.83%) Telecoms
8 70 (1.71%) Back Office
9 58 (1.41%) Retail
10 45 (1.10%) Manufacturing
11 44 (1.07%) Electronics
11 44 (1.07%) Games
12 40 (0.98%) Law
13 33 (0.81%) Financial Institution
14 30 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
15 23 (0.56%) Advertising
15 23 (0.56%) French Language
16 18 (0.44%) Retail Banking
17 15 (0.37%) Publishing
18 13 (0.32%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 1,391 (33.94%) Developer
2 591 (14.42%) Python Developer
3 471 (11.49%) DevOps Engineer
4 389 (9.49%) Data Engineer
5 365 (8.90%) Python Engineer
6 363 (8.86%) Software Engineer
7 355 (8.66%) AWS Engineer
8 237 (5.78%) Developer/Software Engineer
9 220 (5.37%) Analyst
10 177 (4.32%) Java Developer
11 175 (4.27%) AWS Developer
12 172 (4.20%) Architect
13 161 (3.93%) Cloud Engineer
14 149 (3.64%) JavaScript Developer
15 144 (3.51%) AWS DevOps
16 133 (3.24%) Azure Engineer
16 133 (3.24%) Senior Developer
17 123 (3.00%) Data Scientist
18 119 (2.90%) Python Software Engineer
19 116 (2.83%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 589 (14.37%) Web Services
2 469 (11.44%) React
3 416 (10.15%) Node.js
4 382 (9.32%) AngularJS
5 295 (7.20%) REST
6 248 (6.05%) .NET
7 202 (4.93%) HTML
8 188 (4.59%) Vue.js
9 184 (4.49%) Kafka
10 181 (4.42%) Spring
11 168 (4.10%) RESTful
12 156 (3.81%) CSS
12 156 (3.81%) Django
13 143 (3.49%) JSON
14 135 (3.29%) Spring Boot
15 125 (3.05%) gRPC
16 115 (2.81%) Elastic Stack
17 111 (2.71%) Pandas
18 103 (2.51%) PySpark
19 102 (2.49%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 412 (10.05%) Derivative
2 397 (9.69%) Fixed Income
3 340 (8.29%) Equities
4 320 (7.81%) Hedge funds
5 275 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
6 245 (5.98%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 168 (4.10%) Greenfield Project
8 134 (3.27%) Algorithms
9 115 (2.81%) User Experience
10 104 (2.54%) Mobile App
11 98 (2.39%) Linux Command Line
12 93 (2.27%) Cloud Native
13 79 (1.93%) Public Cloud
14 74 (1.81%) Blog
15 73 (1.78%) Data Structures
16 57 (1.39%) Management Information System
17 52 (1.27%) Self-Motivation
18 48 (1.17%) Enterprise Software
19 47 (1.15%) Data Centre
20 43 (1.05%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 908 (22.15%) Linux
2 307 (7.49%) Windows
3 205 (5.00%) Unix
4 160 (3.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 106 (2.59%) CentOS
6 83 (2.02%) Apple iOS
7 81 (1.98%) Android
8 64 (1.56%) Windows Server
9 51 (1.24%) Ubuntu
10 36 (0.88%) Debian
11 31 (0.76%) Windows Server 2016
12 22 (0.54%) Windows 10
13 21 (0.51%) Solaris
13 21 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
14 17 (0.41%) Mac OS X
15 13 (0.32%) Mac OS
16 8 (0.20%) SUSE
17 7 (0.17%) Embedded Linux
18 5 (0.12%) AIX
18 5 (0.12%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,334 (32.54%) Agile Software Development
2 1,226 (29.91%) DevOps
3 723 (17.64%) Software Engineering
4 472 (11.52%) Microservices
5 465 (11.34%) Analytics
5 465 (11.34%) Asset Management
6 443 (10.81%) Test Automation
7 383 (9.34%) Data Science
8 347 (8.47%) Scrum
9 324 (7.90%) Machine Learning
10 322 (7.86%) Investment Management
11 301 (7.34%) Open Source
12 293 (7.15%) TDD
13 289 (7.05%) Continuous Integration
14 282 (6.88%) Infrastructure as Code
15 264 (6.44%) Business Intelligence
15 264 (6.44%) ETL
16 238 (5.81%) Problem-Solving
17 225 (5.49%) Data Modelling
18 221 (5.39%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 1,349 (32.91%) Java
2 1,116 (27.23%) SQL
3 783 (19.10%) JavaScript
4 483 (11.78%) Bash Shell
5 379 (9.25%) C++
6 371 (9.05%) C#
7 356 (8.69%) R
8 298 (7.27%) PowerShell
9 275 (6.71%) Perl
10 234 (5.71%) Scala
11 212 (5.17%) Kotlin
12 209 (5.10%) Go
13 198 (4.83%) Ruby
14 182 (4.44%) C
15 172 (4.20%) Shell Script
16 148 (3.61%) TypeScript
17 101 (2.46%) Groovy
18 98 (2.39%) PHP
19 97 (2.37%) Java 8
20 80 (1.95%) VBA
Qualifications
1 461 (11.25%) Security Cleared
2 332 (8.10%) SC Cleared
3 238 (5.81%) Degree
4 89 (2.17%) DV Cleared
5 60 (1.46%) AWS Certification
6 55 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
7 45 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
7 45 (1.10%) Numerate Degree
8 40 (0.98%) PhD
9 34 (0.83%) BPSS Clearance
10 32 (0.78%) CCNP
11 28 (0.68%) CCNA
11 28 (0.68%) Master's Degree
12 26 (0.63%) CCIE
13 20 (0.49%) Sun Certification
14 17 (0.41%) Novell Certification
15 16 (0.39%) DBS Check
16 12 (0.29%) CCA
17 11 (0.27%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 10 (0.24%) CompTIA Security+
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 165 (4.03%) QA
2 58 (1.41%) Data Quality
3 23 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 22 (0.54%) SLA
5 16 (0.39%) NIST
6 14 (0.34%) PCI DSS
7 10 (0.24%) GDPR
8 7 (0.17%) IFRS
8 7 (0.17%) IFRS 9
8 7 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 17025
8 7 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 5 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
9 5 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
9 5 (0.12%) PSD2
10 4 (0.098%) HIPAA
10 4 (0.098%) ISO 26262
10 4 (0.098%) OASIS TOSCA
10 4 (0.098%) PMO
11 3 (0.073%) ISO 9001
11 3 (0.073%) JTAG
System Software
1 784 (19.13%) Docker
2 105 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 94 (2.29%) VMware Infrastructure
4 63 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
5 35 (0.85%) vSphere
6 27 (0.66%) HDFS
7 21 (0.51%) GlusterFS
8 20 (0.49%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 19 (0.46%) VMware ESXi
9 19 (0.46%) VMware NSX
10 17 (0.41%) Hyper-V
11 13 (0.32%) NFS
12 10 (0.24%) VMware Workstation
13 8 (0.20%) Virtual Desktop
14 7 (0.17%) Firmware
15 6 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
16 5 (0.12%) Gluster
16 5 (0.12%) Varnish
16 5 (0.12%) vCloud
16 5 (0.12%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 840 (20.49%) Kubernetes
2 734 (17.91%) Terraform
3 589 (14.37%) Ansible
4 269 (6.56%) Puppet
5 204 (4.98%) Opscode Chef
6 143 (3.49%) Prometheus
7 132 (3.22%) Grafana
8 78 (1.90%) Kibana
9 76 (1.85%) Packer
10 55 (1.34%) Salt
11 40 (0.98%) logstash
12 36 (0.88%) Consul
13 33 (0.81%) Argo
13 33 (0.81%) Single Sign-On
14 32 (0.78%) Nagios
15 20 (0.49%) ZABBIX
16 18 (0.44%) Rancher
17 17 (0.41%) Istio
18 15 (0.37%) Rundeck
19 14 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
Vendors
1 328 (8.00%) Google
2 266 (6.49%) Oracle
3 224 (5.46%) Splunk
4 213 (5.20%) Microsoft
5 183 (4.46%) Databricks
6 133 (3.24%) VMware
7 121 (2.95%) Red Hat
8 98 (2.39%) Atlassian
9 94 (2.29%) AppDynamics
10 90 (2.20%) Cloudera
11 87 (2.12%) Cisco
12 78 (1.90%) Bloomberg
13 73 (1.78%) MuleSoft
14 59 (1.44%) SAP
15 52 (1.27%) F5
16 50 (1.22%) Hortonworks
17 42 (1.02%) Dell
18 35 (0.85%) IBM
19 34 (0.83%) EMC
20 31 (0.76%) Sybase