Period
to 9 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 9 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
9 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 14 15 25
Rank change year-on-year +1 +10 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 4,001 7,828 7,425
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 9.70% 8.34% 7.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.41% 19.54% 16.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,868 5,349 5,203
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £381 £363
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 101 150 143
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +8.43% +1.22%
10th Percentile £20.50 £20.48 £12.50
90th Percentile £56.50 £53.75 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -16.67% +12.50% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 17,091 40,071 45,373
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.42% 42.68% 43.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,443 27,772 31,631
Median daily rate £500 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +5.14%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £409
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.04% +2.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 384 732 800
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -
10th Percentile £17.97 £19.89 £16.24
90th Percentile £55.70 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +8.75% -3.61%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 9 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 9 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 3,680 £525 -1.87% 1,205
London +2 2,378 £550 - 596
UK excluding London +11 1,489 £475 - 699
South East +13 387 £475 - 186
North of England +1 352 £500 +1.01% 130
South West +15 297 £505 -3.81% 103
Work from Home +2 275 £500 - 167
North West -1 163 £525 +10.53% 72
Yorkshire +1 141 £519 +3.75% 36
Scotland -9 130 £450 - 59
East of England +4 124 £475 - 98
Wales +16 99 £488 +8.33% 18
Midlands +7 86 £492 +6.38% 92
West Midlands +17 77 £513 +10.81% 71
North East +18 45 £450 - 22
Northern Ireland +25 16 £425 -5.56% 14
East Midlands -14 6 £400 -10.61% 20

For the 6 months to 9 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 1,505 (37.62%) AWS
2 1,407 (35.17%) Java
3 1,362 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
4 1,297 (32.42%) DevOps
5 1,056 (26.39%) SQL
6 933 (23.32%) Finance
7 863 (21.57%) Linux
8 835 (20.87%) Azure
9 811 (20.27%) Docker
10 809 (20.22%) Kubernetes
11 704 (17.60%) JavaScript
12 699 (17.47%) Terraform
13 688 (17.20%) Jenkins
14 659 (16.47%) Software Engineering
15 633 (15.82%) Git (software)
16 564 (14.10%) Ansible
17 550 (13.75%) GCP
18 547 (13.67%) Web Services
19 512 (12.80%) Banking
20 511 (12.77%) Analytics
21 478 (11.95%) Security Cleared
22 470 (11.75%) Big Data
23 467 (11.67%) Data Science
24 447 (11.17%) Serverless
25 444 (11.10%) Test Automation
26 420 (10.50%) C#
27 394 (9.85%) Bash Shell
28 391 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
29 382 (9.55%) Machine Learning
30 378 (9.45%) Microservices

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 359 (8.97%) Apache Spark
2 177 (4.42%) Confluence
3 148 (3.70%) Apache
4 136 (3.40%) Elasticsearch
5 73 (1.82%) Tomcat
6 71 (1.77%) SAS
7 49 (1.22%) nginx
8 36 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
9 35 (0.87%) Jupyter
10 30 (0.75%) OpenStack
11 29 (0.72%) Apache Airflow
12 25 (0.62%) SharePoint
13 22 (0.55%) IIS
14 19 (0.47%) WebLogic
15 18 (0.45%) Apache Pig
15 18 (0.45%) WebSphere
16 16 (0.40%) CMS
17 15 (0.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 13 (0.32%) GeoServer
19 12 (0.30%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 108 (2.70%) Microsoft Excel
2 49 (1.22%) Microsoft Office
3 16 (0.40%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.32%) Chatbot
6 8 (0.20%) Spreadsheet
7 5 (0.12%) SPSS
8 4 (0.100%) Simulink
9 3 (0.075%) Stata
10 2 (0.050%) LaTeX
10 2 (0.050%) SOLIDWORKS
11 1 (0.025%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.025%) Maya
11 1 (0.025%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 10 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
2 9 (0.22%) Markit EDM
2 9 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
2 9 (0.22%) PolarLake
3 8 (0.20%) Adobe Campaign
3 8 (0.20%) Oracle EBS
4 7 (0.17%) Distributed Ledger
4 7 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 7 (0.17%) Sophis RISQUE
5 5 (0.12%) Eagle PACE
5 5 (0.12%) FINCAD Analytics
5 5 (0.12%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 4 (0.100%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.100%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 3 (0.075%) BusinessWorks
7 3 (0.075%) Dynamics CRM
7 3 (0.075%) Front Arena
7 3 (0.075%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.075%) Shopify
8 2 (0.050%) Oracle ERP
Cloud Services
1 1,505 (37.62%) AWS
2 835 (20.87%) Azure
3 550 (13.75%) GCP
4 447 (11.17%) Serverless
5 351 (8.77%) AWS Lambda
6 281 (7.02%) Amazon S3
7 244 (6.10%) Amazon EC2
8 231 (5.77%) AWS CloudFormation
9 210 (5.25%) OpenShift
10 174 (4.35%) Amazon ECS
11 162 (4.05%) GitHub
12 149 (3.72%) Power Platform
13 100 (2.50%) Amazon SQS
14 80 (2.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 75 (1.87%) SaaS
16 72 (1.80%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 70 (1.75%) PaaS
18 64 (1.60%) Azure Data Factory
19 52 (1.30%) Amazon EKS
19 52 (1.30%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 135 (3.37%) HTTP
2 124 (3.10%) Firewall
3 107 (2.67%) DNS
4 94 (2.35%) TCP/IP
5 64 (1.60%) BGP
6 48 (1.20%) DHCP
6 48 (1.20%) SNMP
7 47 (1.17%) Internet
8 46 (1.15%) VPN
9 42 (1.05%) Network Security
10 41 (1.02%) WAN
11 39 (0.97%) HTTPS
12 36 (0.90%) LAN
12 36 (0.90%) OSPF
13 35 (0.87%) MPLS
14 34 (0.85%) Wireless
15 33 (0.82%) Cisco Nexus
15 33 (0.82%) IPv4
15 33 (0.82%) Wireshark
16 32 (0.80%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 470 (11.75%) Big Data
2 324 (8.10%) Hadoop
3 310 (7.75%) SQL Server
4 250 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
5 240 (6.00%) MySQL
6 239 (5.97%) NoSQL
7 217 (5.42%) Data Warehouse
8 214 (5.35%) Amazon Redshift
8 214 (5.35%) Relational Database
9 176 (4.40%) Amazon RDS
10 157 (3.92%) MongoDB
11 146 (3.65%) Power BI
12 110 (2.75%) Apache Hive
13 108 (2.70%) Data Lake
14 96 (2.40%) RDBMS
15 91 (2.27%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 75 (1.87%) Apache Cassandra
17 74 (1.85%) BigQuery
18 62 (1.55%) Data Mining
18 62 (1.55%) Impala
Development Applications
1 688 (17.20%) Jenkins
2 633 (15.82%) Git (software)
3 313 (7.82%) JIRA
4 215 (5.37%) GitLab
5 140 (3.50%) Artifactory
6 117 (2.92%) Bitbucket
7 108 (2.70%) RStudio
8 94 (2.35%) Selenium
9 92 (2.30%) Cucumber
10 78 (1.95%) Maven
11 76 (1.90%) CircleCI
11 76 (1.90%) Subversion
12 71 (1.77%) TeamCity
13 61 (1.52%) JUnit
14 57 (1.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 53 (1.32%) Sonatype Nexus
16 45 (1.12%) Travis CI
17 40 (1.00%) Gradle
17 40 (1.00%) SonarQube
18 37 (0.92%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 933 (23.32%) Finance
2 512 (12.80%) Banking
3 370 (9.25%) Front Office
4 226 (5.65%) Investment Banking
5 195 (4.87%) Public Sector
6 98 (2.45%) Telecoms
7 65 (1.62%) Marketing
8 61 (1.52%) Retail
9 51 (1.27%) Back Office
10 46 (1.15%) Games
11 31 (0.77%) Manufacturing
12 29 (0.72%) Law
12 29 (0.72%) Legal
13 28 (0.70%) Electronics
14 27 (0.67%) Financial Institution
15 22 (0.55%) Aerospace
15 22 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
16 17 (0.42%) French Language
17 16 (0.40%) Advertising
18 10 (0.25%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 1,348 (33.69%) Developer
2 582 (14.55%) Python Developer
3 500 (12.50%) DevOps Engineer
4 416 (10.40%) AWS Engineer
5 387 (9.67%) Data Engineer
6 337 (8.42%) Python Engineer
7 269 (6.72%) Software Engineer
8 224 (5.60%) AWS Developer
9 219 (5.47%) Java Developer
10 216 (5.40%) Architect
11 184 (4.60%) Data Scientist
12 176 (4.40%) Analyst
13 168 (4.20%) AWS DevOps
14 155 (3.87%) Cloud Engineer
15 135 (3.37%) Senior Developer
16 132 (3.30%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 102 (2.55%) Java Engineer
18 98 (2.45%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 93 (2.32%) Platform Engineer
20 91 (2.27%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 547 (13.67%) Web Services
2 320 (8.00%) Node.js
3 286 (7.15%) AngularJS
4 285 (7.12%) React
5 211 (5.27%) .NET
6 203 (5.07%) Kafka
7 199 (4.97%) REST
8 187 (4.67%) Django
9 183 (4.57%) HTML
10 151 (3.77%) Flask
11 148 (3.70%) RESTful
12 139 (3.47%) PySpark
13 137 (3.42%) CSS
14 134 (3.35%) Pandas
15 122 (3.05%) Spring
16 115 (2.87%) TensorFlow
17 111 (2.77%) JSON
18 109 (2.72%) Elastic Stack
19 105 (2.62%) Vue.js
20 92 (2.30%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 360 (9.00%) Analytical Skills
2 284 (7.10%) Derivative
3 277 (6.92%) Fixed Income
4 248 (6.20%) Hedge funds
5 218 (5.45%) Equities
6 183 (4.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 157 (3.92%) Greenfield Project
8 130 (3.25%) Algorithms
9 97 (2.42%) Linux Command Line
10 77 (1.92%) Cloud Native
10 77 (1.92%) Data Structures
11 75 (1.87%) Public Cloud
11 75 (1.87%) User Experience
12 70 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
13 67 (1.67%) Management Information System
14 60 (1.50%) Mobile App
15 54 (1.35%) Data Centre
16 46 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
17 40 (1.00%) Blog
18 35 (0.87%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 863 (21.57%) Linux
2 288 (7.20%) Windows
3 229 (5.72%) Unix
4 156 (3.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 87 (2.17%) CentOS
6 74 (1.85%) Windows Server
7 36 (0.90%) Android
8 31 (0.77%) Ubuntu
9 30 (0.75%) Apple iOS
10 25 (0.62%) Windows Server 2016
11 23 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.52%) Mac OS X
13 16 (0.40%) Debian
14 12 (0.30%) Mac OS
15 10 (0.25%) Amazon Linux
15 10 (0.25%) Windows 10
15 10 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
16 9 (0.22%) FreeRTOS
17 7 (0.17%) Solaris
17 7 (0.17%) ThreadX
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,362 (34.04%) Agile Software Development
2 1,297 (32.42%) DevOps
3 659 (16.47%) Software Engineering
4 511 (12.77%) Analytics
5 467 (11.67%) Data Science
6 444 (11.10%) Test Automation
7 391 (9.77%) Continuous Integration
8 382 (9.55%) Machine Learning
9 378 (9.45%) Microservices
10 369 (9.22%) Asset Management
11 342 (8.55%) Scrum
12 325 (8.12%) TDD
13 278 (6.95%) Business Intelligence
13 278 (6.95%) Open Source
14 271 (6.77%) Infrastructure as Code
15 269 (6.72%) ETL
16 253 (6.32%) Data Modelling
17 237 (5.92%) Configuration Management
18 235 (5.87%) Problem-Solving
19 224 (5.60%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 1,407 (35.17%) Java
2 1,056 (26.39%) SQL
3 704 (17.60%) JavaScript
4 420 (10.50%) C#
5 394 (9.85%) Bash Shell
6 366 (9.15%) R
7 311 (7.77%) C++
8 271 (6.77%) PowerShell
9 251 (6.27%) Ruby
10 250 (6.25%) Scala
11 228 (5.70%) Go
12 201 (5.02%) Perl
13 147 (3.67%) C
14 137 (3.42%) Shell Script
15 132 (3.30%) Groovy
16 117 (2.92%) PHP
17 104 (2.60%) TypeScript
18 93 (2.32%) T-SQL
19 81 (2.02%) VBA
20 46 (1.15%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 478 (11.95%) Security Cleared
2 366 (9.15%) SC Cleared
3 239 (5.97%) Degree
4 90 (2.25%) DV Cleared
5 73 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
6 69 (1.72%) Cisco Certification
7 49 (1.22%) PhD
8 45 (1.12%) AWS Certification
9 44 (1.10%) CCNP
10 39 (0.97%) BPSS Clearance
11 34 (0.85%) Master's Degree
12 31 (0.77%) CCIE
13 28 (0.70%) CCNA
14 24 (0.60%) Numerate Degree
15 23 (0.57%) DBS Check
16 20 (0.50%) CCDP
16 20 (0.50%) Microsoft Certification
17 18 (0.45%) CCIE Routing and Switching
17 18 (0.45%) SANS
18 14 (0.35%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 120 (3.00%) QA
2 68 (1.70%) Data Quality
3 36 (0.90%) GDPR
4 8 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 8 (0.20%) PCI DSS
4 8 (0.20%) SLA
5 6 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
5 6 (0.15%) HIPAA
5 6 (0.15%) PSD2
6 5 (0.12%) Basel III
6 5 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
6 5 (0.12%) MiFID
6 5 (0.12%) NIST
7 4 (0.100%) DO-254
8 3 (0.075%) AICPA
8 3 (0.075%) COBIT
9 2 (0.050%) JTAG
9 2 (0.050%) RMADS
9 2 (0.050%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.025%) ISO 9000
System Software
1 811 (20.27%) Docker
2 91 (2.27%) Active Directory
3 80 (2.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (1.32%) HDFS
5 32 (0.80%) VMware ESXi
6 26 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
7 24 (0.60%) vSphere
8 23 (0.57%) Hyper-V
9 16 (0.40%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 15 (0.37%) VMware NSX
11 11 (0.27%) NFS
11 11 (0.27%) OpenAM
12 10 (0.25%) VMware Workstation
13 9 (0.22%) Apache Flume
14 7 (0.17%) KVM
15 6 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
16 5 (0.12%) GeoWebCache
16 5 (0.12%) OpenDJ
16 5 (0.12%) RACF
16 5 (0.12%) Samba
Systems Management
1 809 (20.22%) Kubernetes
2 699 (17.47%) Terraform
3 564 (14.10%) Ansible
4 290 (7.25%) Puppet
5 203 (5.07%) Opscode Chef
6 61 (1.52%) Packer
6 61 (1.52%) Salt
7 58 (1.45%) Prometheus
8 55 (1.37%) Grafana
9 43 (1.07%) Kibana
10 39 (0.97%) logstash
11 32 (0.80%) Docker Swarm
12 29 (0.72%) Nagios
13 26 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
14 22 (0.55%) vCenter Server
15 19 (0.47%) SCCM
15 19 (0.47%) ZABBIX
16 17 (0.42%) Rancher
17 16 (0.40%) Consul
17 16 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 378 (9.45%) Google
2 276 (6.90%) Oracle
3 254 (6.35%) Microsoft
4 144 (3.60%) Splunk
5 140 (3.50%) Tableau
6 137 (3.42%) Red Hat
7 116 (2.90%) VMware
8 113 (2.82%) Cloudera
9 111 (2.77%) Cisco
10 108 (2.70%) Databricks
11 71 (1.77%) Atlassian
12 58 (1.45%) SAP
13 53 (1.32%) Bloomberg
14 45 (1.12%) Hortonworks
15 44 (1.10%) IBM
16 42 (1.05%) MuleSoft
17 39 (0.97%) Dell
17 39 (0.97%) Juniper
18 37 (0.92%) Sybase
19 36 (0.90%) HP