Period
to 28 March 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 28 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
28 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 14 20 26
Rank change year-on-year +6 +6 +7
Contract jobs citing Python 5,562 7,478 6,880
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 8.82% 7.73% 6.78%
As % of the Programming Languages category 21.74% 17.90% 15.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,799 5,050 4,925
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £375 £363 £365
90th Percentile £700 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £483 £475
% change year-on-year +3.56% +1.64% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 124 119 148
Median hourly rate £41.50 £44.92 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.60% +12.29% -
10th Percentile £18.33 £21.20 £19.34
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £50.57
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £45.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year -10.00% +12.50% +2.24%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 25,579 41,770 43,288
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.55% 43.19% 42.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,278 29,187 30,318
Median daily rate £480 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.05% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +3.90%
Number of hourly rates quoted 584 689 793
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.50 £16.61
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £50.77
Median hourly rate £39.77 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -6.42% +6.25% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 28 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 28 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +6 5,099 £525 - 2,468
London +2 3,078 £550 - 1,262
UK excluding London +14 2,356 £500 +3.56% 1,380
South East +17 658 £475 -2.56% 352
North of England +3 473 £500 - 279
South West +11 446 £515 -0.96% 182
Scotland 0 247 £500 +5.26% 122
East of England +17 232 £450 -5.26% 228
Yorkshire +4 210 £513 +6.77% 85
Work from Home +7 198 £525 - 145
North West +4 192 £525 -2.78% 155
Midlands +3 174 £500 +5.26% 165
West Midlands +17 138 £525 +5.11% 109
Wales +19 117 £490 +3.16% 36
North East +13 70 £450 -10.00% 39
East Midlands -25 33 £385 -14.44% 56
Northern Ireland -12 9 £300 -6.40% 19

For the 6 months to 28 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 1,889 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,879 (33.78%) AWS
3 1,735 (31.19%) Java
4 1,646 (29.59%) DevOps
5 1,344 (24.16%) Linux
6 1,325 (23.82%) SQL
7 1,147 (20.62%) Docker
8 1,079 (19.40%) Azure
9 1,014 (18.23%) Finance
10 1,010 (18.16%) Kubernetes
11 884 (15.89%) Git (software)
12 882 (15.86%) JavaScript
13 879 (15.80%) Jenkins
14 878 (15.79%) Ansible
15 830 (14.92%) Software Engineering
15 830 (14.92%) Terraform
16 692 (12.44%) GCP
17 686 (12.33%) Data Science
18 657 (11.81%) Analytics
19 637 (11.45%) Security Cleared
20 606 (10.90%) Machine Learning
21 584 (10.50%) Bash Shell
22 569 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
23 566 (10.18%) Test Automation
24 561 (10.09%) Big Data
25 549 (9.87%) C#
26 541 (9.73%) Microservices
27 525 (9.44%) C++
28 524 (9.42%) Web Services
29 515 (9.26%) Serverless

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 494 (8.88%) Apache Spark
2 194 (3.49%) Confluence
3 153 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
4 132 (2.37%) Apache
5 90 (1.62%) nginx
6 78 (1.40%) SAS
7 74 (1.33%) Tomcat
8 67 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
9 61 (1.10%) OpenStack
10 58 (1.04%) Jupyter
11 52 (0.93%) Apache Airflow
12 33 (0.59%) WebLogic
13 27 (0.49%) WebSphere
14 24 (0.43%) ArcGIS
15 21 (0.38%) IIS
16 19 (0.34%) SharePoint
17 16 (0.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 14 (0.25%) JBoss
19 13 (0.23%) Luigi
20 11 (0.20%) CMS
Applications
1 110 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.76%) Microsoft Office
3 14 (0.25%) MS Visio
4 13 (0.23%) SPSS
5 12 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 8 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
7 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 4 (0.072%) InDesign
8 4 (0.072%) Photoshop
8 4 (0.072%) Simulink
8 4 (0.072%) Stata
9 2 (0.036%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.018%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.018%) Blender
10 1 (0.018%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.018%) Microsoft Project
10 1 (0.018%) MODO
10 1 (0.018%) PlantUML
10 1 (0.018%) Weka
Business Applications
1 28 (0.50%) FINCAD Analytics
2 25 (0.45%) Remedy ITSM
3 19 (0.34%) Dynamics CRM
4 18 (0.32%) Oracle EBS
5 16 (0.29%) Markit EDM
5 16 (0.29%) PolarLake
6 11 (0.20%) Eagle PACE
7 8 (0.14%) Adobe Campaign
8 7 (0.13%) SAP ERP
8 7 (0.13%) Sophis RISQUE
9 6 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 6 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 5 (0.090%) BusinessWorks
10 5 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.090%) SAP CRM
10 5 (0.090%) SAP IS-U
11 4 (0.072%) Shopify
12 3 (0.054%) Front Arena
12 3 (0.054%) Magento
12 3 (0.054%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 1,879 (33.78%) AWS
2 1,079 (19.40%) Azure
3 692 (12.44%) GCP
4 515 (9.26%) Serverless
5 373 (6.71%) AWS Lambda
6 360 (6.47%) Amazon S3
7 324 (5.83%) Amazon EC2
8 284 (5.11%) AWS CloudFormation
9 272 (4.89%) GitHub
10 245 (4.40%) OpenShift
11 216 (3.88%) Power Platform
12 132 (2.37%) Amazon ECS
13 123 (2.21%) PaaS
14 121 (2.18%) Amazon SQS
15 99 (1.78%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 97 (1.74%) Amazon Kinesis
17 83 (1.49%) Azure Data Factory
18 79 (1.42%) Cloud Computing
19 71 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 71 (1.28%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 169 (3.04%) Firewall
2 166 (2.98%) HTTP
3 142 (2.55%) TCP/IP
4 94 (1.69%) DNS
5 84 (1.51%) VPN
6 73 (1.31%) BGP
7 72 (1.29%) DHCP
7 72 (1.29%) Internet
8 63 (1.13%) SNMP
8 63 (1.13%) WAN
9 60 (1.08%) Wireshark
10 58 (1.04%) HTTPS
11 56 (1.01%) LAN
11 56 (1.01%) Wireless
12 54 (0.97%) OSPF
13 52 (0.93%) Network Security
14 51 (0.92%) IPv6
15 50 (0.90%) IPv4
16 42 (0.76%) MPLS
16 42 (0.76%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 561 (10.09%) Big Data
2 399 (7.17%) Hadoop
3 357 (6.42%) NoSQL
4 311 (5.59%) PostgreSQL
5 298 (5.36%) SQL Server
6 273 (4.91%) MySQL
7 262 (4.71%) Relational Database
8 254 (4.57%) Data Warehouse
9 235 (4.23%) MongoDB
10 233 (4.19%) Amazon Redshift
11 213 (3.83%) Power BI
12 205 (3.69%) Amazon RDS
13 178 (3.20%) Data Lake
14 136 (2.45%) Amazon Athena
15 133 (2.39%) Apache Cassandra
16 121 (2.18%) Apache Hive
17 117 (2.10%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 105 (1.89%) RDBMS
19 97 (1.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 93 (1.67%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 884 (15.89%) Git (software)
2 879 (15.80%) Jenkins
3 406 (7.30%) JIRA
4 228 (4.10%) GitLab
5 160 (2.88%) Bitbucket
6 122 (2.19%) Artifactory
7 121 (2.18%) Selenium
8 118 (2.12%) Maven
9 107 (1.92%) CircleCI
10 93 (1.67%) Cucumber
10 93 (1.67%) Subversion
11 85 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 84 (1.51%) Sonatype Nexus
13 83 (1.49%) RStudio
14 79 (1.42%) TeamCity
15 65 (1.17%) Travis CI
16 60 (1.08%) Visual Studio
17 55 (0.99%) Visual Studio Team System
18 53 (0.95%) SonarQube
19 46 (0.83%) gulp
General
1 1,014 (18.23%) Finance
2 410 (7.37%) Banking
3 396 (7.12%) Front Office
4 299 (5.38%) Public Sector
5 151 (2.71%) Telecoms
6 131 (2.36%) Investment Banking
7 110 (1.98%) Marketing
8 81 (1.46%) Retail
9 74 (1.33%) Games
10 65 (1.17%) Manufacturing
11 50 (0.90%) Electronics
12 37 (0.67%) Law
13 32 (0.58%) Legal
14 27 (0.49%) Aerospace
15 26 (0.47%) Advertising
15 26 (0.47%) Financial Institution
15 26 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
15 26 (0.47%) Publishing
16 22 (0.40%) Back Office
17 13 (0.23%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,821 (32.74%) Developer
2 804 (14.46%) DevOps Engineer
3 799 (14.37%) Python Developer
4 497 (8.94%) Data Engineer
5 447 (8.04%) Python Engineer
6 436 (7.84%) AWS Engineer
7 369 (6.63%) Software Engineer
8 305 (5.48%) Data Scientist
9 294 (5.29%) Architect
10 266 (4.78%) Analyst
11 255 (4.58%) Java Developer
12 227 (4.08%) AWS DevOps
13 210 (3.78%) Senior Developer
14 200 (3.60%) AWS DevOps Engineer
15 199 (3.58%) AWS Developer
16 188 (3.38%) Cloud Engineer
17 136 (2.45%) Azure Engineer
18 128 (2.30%) Full Stack Developer
19 123 (2.21%) Consultant
20 122 (2.19%) Platform Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 524 (9.42%) Web Services
2 428 (7.70%) Node.js
3 335 (6.02%) React
4 310 (5.57%) AngularJS
5 298 (5.36%) Kafka
6 291 (5.23%) .NET
7 290 (5.21%) Django
8 263 (4.73%) REST
9 246 (4.42%) HTML
10 222 (3.99%) Flask
11 204 (3.67%) CSS
12 203 (3.65%) Pandas
13 188 (3.38%) RESTful
14 184 (3.31%) PySpark
15 172 (3.09%) TensorFlow
16 166 (2.98%) NumPy
17 163 (2.93%) Spring
18 154 (2.77%) JSON
19 133 (2.39%) Elastic Stack
20 123 (2.21%) scikit-learn
Miscellaneous
1 470 (8.45%) Analytical Skills
2 282 (5.07%) Greenfield Project
3 252 (4.53%) Derivative
4 246 (4.42%) Fixed Income
5 225 (4.05%) Algorithms
6 185 (3.33%) Equities
7 160 (2.88%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 160 (2.88%) Hedge funds
8 131 (2.36%) Public Cloud
9 113 (2.03%) Data Structures
10 106 (1.91%) Data Centre
10 106 (1.91%) User Experience
11 105 (1.89%) Linux Command Line
12 97 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
13 71 (1.28%) Blog
14 64 (1.15%) Enterprise Software
15 61 (1.10%) Mobile App
16 60 (1.08%) Cloud Native
17 54 (0.97%) Management Information System
18 43 (0.77%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,344 (24.16%) Linux
2 425 (7.64%) Windows
3 302 (5.43%) Unix
4 199 (3.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 111 (2.00%) CentOS
6 90 (1.62%) Windows Server
7 89 (1.60%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.93%) Android
9 49 (0.88%) Apple iOS
10 47 (0.85%) Amazon Linux
11 23 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
12 21 (0.38%) Debian
12 21 (0.38%) Mac OS
12 21 (0.38%) Mac OS X
13 19 (0.34%) Windows Server 2016
14 18 (0.32%) VMS
15 17 (0.31%) Windows Server 2008
16 13 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
17 12 (0.22%) Windows 10
18 11 (0.20%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,889 (33.96%) Agile Software Development
2 1,646 (29.59%) DevOps
3 830 (14.92%) Software Engineering
4 686 (12.33%) Data Science
5 657 (11.81%) Analytics
6 606 (10.90%) Machine Learning
7 569 (10.23%) Continuous Integration
8 566 (10.18%) Test Automation
9 541 (9.73%) Microservices
10 441 (7.93%) Scrum
11 429 (7.71%) TDD
12 387 (6.96%) Open Source
13 381 (6.85%) Business Intelligence
14 364 (6.54%) Problem-Solving
15 361 (6.49%) ETL
16 353 (6.35%) Configuration Management
17 346 (6.22%) Infrastructure as Code
18 320 (5.75%) Computer Science
19 312 (5.61%) Visualisation
20 308 (5.54%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,735 (31.19%) Java
2 1,325 (23.82%) SQL
3 882 (15.86%) JavaScript
4 584 (10.50%) Bash Shell
5 549 (9.87%) C#
6 525 (9.44%) C++
7 479 (8.61%) R
8 428 (7.70%) Ruby
9 408 (7.34%) Scala
10 373 (6.71%) PowerShell
11 311 (5.59%) Perl
12 309 (5.56%) Go
13 277 (4.98%) C
14 228 (4.10%) PHP
15 202 (3.63%) Shell Script
16 176 (3.16%) Groovy
17 93 (1.67%) TypeScript
18 75 (1.35%) T-SQL
19 69 (1.24%) VBA
20 58 (1.04%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 637 (11.45%) Security Cleared
2 462 (8.31%) SC Cleared
3 349 (6.27%) Degree
4 149 (2.68%) DV Cleared
5 115 (2.07%) Cisco Certification
6 97 (1.74%) PhD
7 76 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
8 74 (1.33%) CCNP
9 63 (1.13%) AWS Certification
9 63 (1.13%) Master's Degree
10 55 (0.99%) CCIE
11 49 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
11 49 (0.88%) CCNA
12 46 (0.83%) Numerate Degree
13 32 (0.58%) DBS Check
14 31 (0.56%) CCIE Routing and Switching
14 31 (0.56%) Microsoft Certification
15 24 (0.43%) CCDA
16 22 (0.40%) SANS
17 21 (0.38%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 164 (2.95%) QA
2 75 (1.35%) Data Quality
3 40 (0.72%) GDPR
4 14 (0.25%) SLA
5 13 (0.23%) NIST
6 12 (0.22%) Disclosure Scotland
7 11 (0.20%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.16%) JTAG
9 8 (0.14%) MiFID
10 7 (0.13%) DO-254
10 7 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 7 (0.13%) NCSC
11 6 (0.11%) Basel III
11 6 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.072%) HIPAA
12 4 (0.072%) PSD2
13 3 (0.054%) EMIR
13 3 (0.054%) ISO 9000
13 3 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
13 3 (0.054%) RMADS
System Software
1 1,147 (20.62%) Docker
2 118 (2.12%) VMware Infrastructure
3 71 (1.28%) Virtual Machines
4 70 (1.26%) Active Directory
5 66 (1.19%) HDFS
6 33 (0.59%) Hyper-V
7 30 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
7 30 (0.54%) VMware NSX
8 28 (0.50%) vSphere
9 22 (0.40%) Firmware
10 14 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 14 (0.25%) NFS
11 12 (0.22%) KVM
12 9 (0.16%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.11%) Virtual Servers
13 6 (0.11%) VirtualBox
14 5 (0.090%) BusyBox
14 5 (0.090%) Oracle RAC
15 4 (0.072%) RACF
15 4 (0.072%) Snort
Systems Management
1 1,010 (18.16%) Kubernetes
2 878 (15.79%) Ansible
3 830 (14.92%) Terraform
4 482 (8.67%) Puppet
5 323 (5.81%) Opscode Chef
6 72 (1.29%) Packer
7 64 (1.15%) Salt
8 63 (1.13%) Prometheus
9 59 (1.06%) Docker Swarm
10 54 (0.97%) Grafana
11 46 (0.83%) Nagios
12 37 (0.67%) Kibana
13 35 (0.63%) vCenter Server
14 34 (0.61%) logstash
15 32 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
16 31 (0.56%) Rancher
17 23 (0.41%) Amdocs OSS
17 23 (0.41%) Netcool
17 23 (0.41%) Netcool/OMNIbus
18 20 (0.36%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 496 (8.92%) Google
2 359 (6.45%) Microsoft
3 347 (6.24%) Oracle
4 215 (3.87%) Red Hat
4 215 (3.87%) Tableau
5 170 (3.06%) Cisco
6 160 (2.88%) VMware
7 158 (2.84%) Splunk
8 116 (2.09%) Databricks
9 94 (1.69%) Atlassian
10 91 (1.64%) Cloudera
11 80 (1.44%) SAP
12 72 (1.29%) IBM
13 62 (1.11%) Juniper
14 50 (0.90%) Informatica
15 49 (0.88%) Bloomberg
16 46 (0.83%) Hortonworks
17 45 (0.81%) Salesforce.com
18 42 (0.76%) SolarWinds
19 39 (0.70%) ServiceNow