Period
to 26 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 26 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
26 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 15 25 29
Rank change year-on-year +10 +4 +16
Contract jobs citing Python 7,562 7,214 5,632
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.30% 7.16% 6.14%
As % of the Programming Languages category 19.41% 16.48% 14.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,039 4,949 3,908
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £488
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.69% +3.72%
10th Percentile £381 £363 £328
90th Percentile £700 £675 £648
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 136 114
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.25 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.09% +0.61% +7.89%
10th Percentile £20.35 £12.50 £28.40
90th Percentile £53.75 £53.13 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - +6.67%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,958 43,763 38,131
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.74% 43.44% 41.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,986 30,525 26,137
UK median daily rate £475 £460 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.26% +5.14% +4.17%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £615
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £407 £395
% change year-on-year +4.42% +3.04% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 713 776 814
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.88 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.20% -1.51% +9.21%
10th Percentile £19.70 £16.38 £17.08
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +8.75% -3.61% +9.21%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 26 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 26 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +10 7,035 £538 +2.38% 1,340
London +2 4,611 £550 - 737
UK excluding London +7 2,847 £475 +5.56% 671
South East +5 776 £475 - 159
North of England +11 767 £500 +11.11% 100
South West +14 386 £525 +10.53% 96
Yorkshire +6 366 £500 +11.11% 35
Scotland +13 354 £450 +5.88% 42
North West +14 339 £489 +7.12% 51
East of England -1 250 £475 +5.56% 209
Midlands -9 212 £475 - 41
West Midlands -17 134 £475 -5.00% 29
Wales -6 96 £450 -5.26% 9
East Midlands +7 78 £413 -2.94% 12
North East +7 59 £450 +20.00% 14
Northern Ireland -13 11 £475 +4.40% 17
Channel Islands - 2 £469 -

For the 6 months to 26 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,801 (37.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,767 (36.59%) Amazon AWS
3 2,536 (33.54%) DevOps
4 2,488 (32.90%) Java
5 2,097 (27.73%) Linux
6 2,007 (26.54%) SQL
7 1,694 (22.40%) Docker
8 1,559 (20.62%) Jenkins
9 1,484 (19.62%) Finance
10 1,382 (18.28%) Ansible
11 1,371 (18.13%) Git (software)
12 1,354 (17.91%) Microsoft Azure
13 1,260 (16.66%) Kubernetes
14 1,166 (15.42%) JavaScript
15 1,120 (14.81%) Bash Shell
16 1,093 (14.45%) Terraform
17 1,092 (14.44%) Big Data
18 1,032 (13.65%) Data Science
19 956 (12.64%) Continuous Integration
20 954 (12.62%) Analytics
20 954 (12.62%) Apache Spark
21 951 (12.58%) Test Automation
22 865 (11.44%) Ruby
23 863 (11.41%) Google Cloud Platform
24 858 (11.35%) Hadoop
25 856 (11.32%) Software Engineering
26 846 (11.19%) Machine Learning
27 823 (10.88%) Puppet
28 743 (9.83%) TDD
29 710 (9.39%) Open Source

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 954 (12.62%) Apache Spark
2 422 (5.58%) Apache
3 309 (4.09%) Elasticsearch
4 256 (3.39%) Confluence
5 221 (2.92%) nginx
6 155 (2.05%) Apache Airflow
7 149 (1.97%) Tomcat
8 130 (1.72%) SAS
9 120 (1.59%) Cloud Foundry
10 102 (1.35%) OpenStack
11 76 (1.01%) Jupyter
12 73 (0.97%) JBoss
13 72 (0.95%) WebSphere
14 65 (0.86%) IIS
15 44 (0.58%) WebLogic
16 36 (0.48%) Apache Pig
17 35 (0.46%) Luigi
18 28 (0.37%) ArcGIS
18 28 (0.37%) CMS
18 28 (0.37%) SharePoint
Applications
1 160 (2.12%) Microsoft Excel
2 59 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (0.54%) SPSS
4 36 (0.48%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 25 (0.33%) Stata
6 16 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
7 11 (0.15%) MS Visio
8 10 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
9 9 (0.12%) Maya
10 6 (0.079%) Blender
10 6 (0.079%) Weka
10 6 (0.079%) ZBrush
11 5 (0.066%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.066%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.066%) Simulink
12 2 (0.026%) CATIA
12 2 (0.026%) InVision
12 2 (0.026%) PTC Creo
12 2 (0.026%) Siemens NX
12 2 (0.026%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 26 (0.34%) Distributed Ledger
2 21 (0.28%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 17 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
4 16 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
5 13 (0.17%) R3 Corda
6 7 (0.093%) Endur
7 6 (0.079%) Remedy ITSM
8 5 (0.066%) Actimize
8 5 (0.066%) Magento
8 5 (0.066%) SAP ERP
9 4 (0.053%) Eloqua
9 4 (0.053%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.053%) SAP Hybris
9 4 (0.053%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.040%) C-CURE
10 3 (0.040%) Payment Gateway
11 2 (0.026%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.026%) Oracle Retail
11 2 (0.026%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 2 (0.026%) Workfront
Cloud Services
1 2,767 (36.59%) Amazon AWS
2 1,354 (17.91%) Microsoft Azure
3 863 (11.41%) Google Cloud Platform
4 555 (7.34%) Serverless
5 521 (6.89%) Amazon S3
6 445 (5.88%) AWS Lambda
7 444 (5.87%) AWS CloudFormation
8 393 (5.20%) GitHub
9 389 (5.14%) Amazon EC2
10 219 (2.90%) Amazon ECS
11 217 (2.87%) Power Platform
12 213 (2.82%) PaaS
13 211 (2.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 200 (2.64%) OpenShift
15 178 (2.35%) Amazon SQS
15 178 (2.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 162 (2.14%) Amazon EMR
17 142 (1.88%) Amazon Kinesis
17 142 (1.88%) IaaS
18 133 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 218 (2.88%) Firewall
2 199 (2.63%) HTTP
3 150 (1.98%) TCP/IP
4 145 (1.92%) DNS
5 137 (1.81%) Internet
6 92 (1.22%) SSL
7 82 (1.08%) WAN
8 79 (1.04%) VPN
9 70 (0.93%) BGP
10 60 (0.79%) LAN
11 58 (0.77%) DHCP
12 53 (0.70%) OSPF
13 51 (0.67%) Network Security
14 38 (0.50%) Wireless
15 36 (0.48%) MPLS
16 35 (0.46%) VLAN
17 34 (0.45%) Kerberos
17 34 (0.45%) SAN
18 33 (0.44%) Multicast
19 31 (0.41%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,092 (14.44%) Big Data
2 858 (11.35%) Hadoop
3 688 (9.10%) NoSQL
4 573 (7.58%) PostgreSQL
5 474 (6.27%) MongoDB
6 438 (5.79%) MySQL
7 396 (5.24%) Data Warehouse
8 384 (5.08%) SQL Server
9 369 (4.88%) Apache Hive
10 360 (4.76%) Relational Database
11 284 (3.76%) Amazon RDS
12 281 (3.72%) Apache Cassandra
13 233 (3.08%) Amazon Redshift
14 213 (2.82%) Power BI
15 190 (2.51%) Data Lake
16 160 (2.12%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 141 (1.86%) RDBMS
18 138 (1.82%) HBase
19 134 (1.77%) BigQuery
20 121 (1.60%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,559 (20.62%) Jenkins
2 1,371 (18.13%) Git (software)
3 606 (8.01%) JIRA
4 275 (3.64%) Selenium
5 236 (3.12%) Maven
6 220 (2.91%) GitLab
7 193 (2.55%) Bitbucket
8 188 (2.49%) Cucumber
9 182 (2.41%) Artifactory
10 174 (2.30%) Sonatype Nexus
11 151 (2.00%) TeamCity
12 139 (1.84%) Subversion
13 124 (1.64%) SonarQube
14 117 (1.55%) Gradle
15 116 (1.53%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 101 (1.34%) Visual Studio Team System
17 97 (1.28%) gulp
18 92 (1.22%) RStudio
19 88 (1.16%) JUnit
20 77 (1.02%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1,484 (19.62%) Finance
2 626 (8.28%) Banking
3 310 (4.10%) Front Office
4 225 (2.98%) Retail
5 201 (2.66%) Investment Banking
6 155 (2.05%) Marketing
7 118 (1.56%) Financial Institution
8 114 (1.51%) Telecoms
9 96 (1.27%) Games
10 62 (0.82%) Legal
11 59 (0.78%) Manufacturing
12 56 (0.74%) Law
13 53 (0.70%) Electronics
13 53 (0.70%) Publishing
14 52 (0.69%) Advertising
15 47 (0.62%) Retail Banking
16 30 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
17 19 (0.25%) Automotive
18 17 (0.22%) Aerospace
18 17 (0.22%) German Language
Job Titles
1 2,382 (31.50%) Developer
2 1,303 (17.23%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,197 (15.83%) Python Developer
4 758 (10.02%) Data Engineer
5 622 (8.23%) Python Engineer
6 584 (7.72%) AWS Engineer
7 436 (5.77%) Data Scientist
8 402 (5.32%) Architect
9 387 (5.12%) AWS DevOps
10 365 (4.83%) Cloud Engineer
11 349 (4.62%) Analyst
12 326 (4.31%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 310 (4.10%) Java Developer
14 306 (4.05%) Software Engineer
15 253 (3.35%) AWS Developer
16 244 (3.23%) Senior Developer
17 229 (3.03%) Big Data Engineer
18 216 (2.86%) Consultant
19 152 (2.01%) Senior DevOps
20 147 (1.94%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 619 (8.19%) Web Services
2 593 (7.84%) Kafka
3 584 (7.72%) Node.js
4 460 (6.08%) HTML
5 437 (5.78%) Django
6 403 (5.33%) REST
7 381 (5.04%) RESTful
8 375 (4.96%) .NET
9 367 (4.85%) React
10 362 (4.79%) CSS
11 335 (4.43%) AngularJS
12 301 (3.98%) JSON
13 277 (3.66%) Flask
14 271 (3.58%) Pandas
15 239 (3.16%) PySpark
16 212 (2.80%) XML
17 207 (2.74%) Elastic Stack
18 203 (2.68%) NumPy
19 197 (2.61%) Spring
20 165 (2.18%) Natural Language Processing
Miscellaneous
1 486 (6.43%) Analytical Skills
2 393 (5.20%) Algorithms
3 287 (3.80%) Greenfield Project
4 213 (2.82%) Public Cloud
5 174 (2.30%) Data Structures
6 165 (2.18%) User Experience
7 146 (1.93%) Fixed Income
7 146 (1.93%) Hedge funds
7 146 (1.93%) Linux Command Line
8 140 (1.85%) Data Centre
9 135 (1.79%) Self-Motivation
10 118 (1.56%) Mobile App
11 106 (1.40%) Derivative
12 94 (1.24%) Data Protection Act
13 85 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
14 80 (1.06%) Cloud Native
15 75 (0.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 65 (0.86%) PKI
17 62 (0.82%) Management Information System
18 49 (0.65%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2,097 (27.73%) Linux
2 681 (9.01%) Windows
3 625 (8.27%) Unix
4 343 (4.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 187 (2.47%) CentOS
6 129 (1.71%) Windows Server
7 108 (1.43%) Android
7 108 (1.43%) Apple iOS
8 105 (1.39%) Ubuntu
9 52 (0.69%) Solaris
10 45 (0.60%) Mac OS
11 34 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
12 33 (0.44%) Mac OS X
13 30 (0.40%) Windows 10
14 29 (0.38%) Debian
15 20 (0.26%) CoreOS
15 20 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
16 18 (0.24%) Fedora
17 17 (0.22%) AIX
17 17 (0.22%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,801 (37.04%) Agile Software Development
2 2,536 (33.54%) DevOps
3 1,032 (13.65%) Data Science
4 956 (12.64%) Continuous Integration
5 954 (12.62%) Analytics
6 951 (12.58%) Test Automation
7 856 (11.32%) Software Engineering
8 846 (11.19%) Machine Learning
9 743 (9.83%) TDD
10 710 (9.39%) Open Source
11 681 (9.01%) Microservices
12 668 (8.83%) Scrum
13 632 (8.36%) Configuration Management
14 500 (6.61%) Problem-Solving
15 491 (6.49%) ETL
16 474 (6.27%) Computer Science
17 453 (5.99%) Visualisation
18 426 (5.63%) Business Intelligence
19 421 (5.57%) Infrastructure as Code
20 415 (5.49%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,488 (32.90%) Java
2 2,007 (26.54%) SQL
3 1,166 (15.42%) JavaScript
4 1,120 (14.81%) Bash Shell
5 865 (11.44%) Ruby
6 689 (9.11%) Scala
7 670 (8.86%) C++
8 612 (8.09%) Perl
9 608 (8.04%) C#
10 598 (7.91%) R
11 546 (7.22%) PowerShell
12 449 (5.94%) Go
13 349 (4.62%) Shell Script
14 333 (4.40%) C
15 272 (3.60%) PHP
16 224 (2.96%) Groovy
17 124 (1.64%) MATLAB
18 115 (1.52%) Java 8
19 92 (1.22%) VBA
20 90 (1.19%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 570 (7.54%) Security Cleared
2 546 (7.22%) Degree
3 418 (5.53%) SC Cleared
4 211 (2.79%) PhD
5 162 (2.14%) AWS Certification
6 159 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
7 112 (1.48%) DV Cleared
8 104 (1.38%) Master's Degree
9 83 (1.10%) Cisco Certification
10 52 (0.69%) CCNP
11 51 (0.67%) CISSP
12 47 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
13 42 (0.56%) Numerate Degree
14 29 (0.38%) CCIE
15 28 (0.37%) RHCE
16 27 (0.36%) CTC Cleared
17 24 (0.32%) CISM
18 22 (0.29%) CCNA
19 21 (0.28%) OSCP
20 19 (0.25%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 200 (2.64%) QA
2 131 (1.73%) Data Quality
3 53 (0.70%) GDPR
4 39 (0.52%) NIST
5 28 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.28%) NCSC
8 13 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
9 12 (0.16%) COBIT
9 12 (0.16%) MiFID
10 11 (0.15%) SLA
11 7 (0.093%) Cyber Essentials
11 7 (0.093%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 6 (0.079%) HMG Infosec
12 6 (0.079%) JSP 440
13 5 (0.066%) MISRA
14 4 (0.053%) DO-178B
14 4 (0.053%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
14 4 (0.053%) PA-DSS
15 3 (0.040%) GxP
System Software
1 1,694 (22.40%) Docker
2 147 (1.94%) Active Directory
3 120 (1.59%) VMware Infrastructure
4 93 (1.23%) HDFS
5 89 (1.18%) Virtual Machines
6 81 (1.07%) Apache Flume
7 31 (0.41%) VMware ESXi
8 30 (0.40%) Hyper-V
9 28 (0.37%) KVM
10 23 (0.30%) Firmware
11 22 (0.29%) vSphere
12 21 (0.28%) VMware NSX
13 19 (0.25%) etcd
13 19 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
14 18 (0.24%) Snort
15 16 (0.21%) Squid
16 15 (0.20%) Ceph
17 14 (0.19%) flannel
17 14 (0.19%) SkyDNS
18 11 (0.15%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 1,382 (18.28%) Ansible
2 1,260 (16.66%) Kubernetes
3 1,093 (14.45%) Terraform
4 823 (10.88%) Puppet
5 575 (7.60%) Opscode Chef
6 141 (1.86%) Packer
7 121 (1.60%) Prometheus
8 110 (1.45%) Grafana
9 104 (1.38%) Kibana
10 73 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
11 70 (0.93%) Nagios
12 60 (0.79%) Salt
13 59 (0.78%) logstash
14 55 (0.73%) Consul
15 50 (0.66%) Docker Swarm
15 50 (0.66%) HAProxy
16 47 (0.62%) Graphite
17 45 (0.60%) Mesos
18 38 (0.50%) ZABBIX
19 37 (0.49%) Rancher
Vendors
1 687 (9.08%) Google
2 462 (6.11%) Oracle
3 451 (5.96%) Microsoft
4 339 (4.48%) Red Hat
5 272 (3.60%) Tableau
6 269 (3.56%) Splunk
7 189 (2.50%) VMware
8 162 (2.14%) Cloudera
9 152 (2.01%) Cisco
10 141 (1.86%) Atlassian
11 118 (1.56%) Databricks
12 104 (1.38%) SAP
13 102 (1.35%) IBM
14 92 (1.22%) Hortonworks
15 81 (1.07%) Informatica
16 74 (0.98%) Talend
17 70 (0.93%) HP
18 68 (0.90%) ServiceNow
19 63 (0.83%) New Relic
20 61 (0.81%) CheckPoint