Period
to 21 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 30 40 65
Rank change year-on-year +10 +25 +7
Contract jobs citing Python 6330 4940 3538
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.37% 4.65% 3.10%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.20% 11.59% 8.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 4537 3314 2467
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £663 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +1.18% +4.94% +11.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 125 75 82
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £39.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.85% -2.50% +23.08%
10th Percentile £26.08 £17.78 £23.35
90th Percentile £54.86 £48.60 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +18.52%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41655 42605 43559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.94% 40.12% 38.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 28934 29274 29458
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £306 £281 £264
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 783 907 987
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.09%
10th Percentile £15.83 £14.20 £15.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +1.35% +13.85%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +11 5927 £500 +5.26% 908
London +12 4044 £525 +5.00% 443
UK excluding London +15 2224 £430 +1.18% 482
South East -8 642 £450 +0.11% 159
North of England +30 472 £450 +2.56% 106
East of England +11 297 £425 -5.56% 111
Scotland +10 276 £400 +6.67% 13
Yorkshire +24 253 £450 - 60
Midlands +79 241 £450 +8.11% 36
South West +15 220 £400 -8.57% 53
North West +21 184 £475 +11.76% 44
West Midlands +66 148 £475 +15.15% 12
East Midlands +39 88 £425 +13.33% 24
Wales +15 72 £475 -5.00% 3
North East +48 48 £475 +11.76% 2
Northern Ireland -45 15 £455 +15.92%

For the 6 months to 21 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2566 (40.54%) Linux
2 2275 (35.94%) Java
3 2196 (34.69%) Agile Software Development
4 1852 (29.26%) DevOps
5 1527 (24.12%) Amazon AWS
6 1417 (22.39%) SQL
7 1294 (20.44%) Finance
8 1270 (20.06%) Git (software)
9 1258 (19.87%) Jenkins
10 1180 (18.64%) Ruby
11 1162 (18.36%) Docker
12 1094 (17.28%) Ansible
13 1064 (16.81%) Unix
14 1051 (16.60%) JavaScript
15 1043 (16.48%) Bash Shell
16 1022 (16.15%) Puppet
17 1001 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
18 899 (14.20%) Perl
19 834 (13.18%) Configuration Management
20 789 (12.46%) Big Data
21 754 (11.91%) Test Automation
22 731 (11.55%) TDD
23 725 (11.45%) Banking
24 714 (11.28%) Open Source
25 692 (10.93%) HTML
26 682 (10.77%) C++
27 679 (10.73%) Windows
28 670 (10.58%) Opscode Chef
29 667 (10.54%) Hadoop
30 625 (9.87%) Analytics

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 590 (9.32%) Apache Spark
2 332 (5.24%) Apache
3 308 (4.87%) Confluence
4 279 (4.41%) Elasticsearch
5 234 (3.70%) nginx
6 217 (3.43%) Tomcat
7 160 (2.53%) OpenStack
8 92 (1.45%) SAS
9 89 (1.41%) JBoss
10 86 (1.36%) IIS
11 85 (1.34%) Cloud Foundry
12 70 (1.11%) Apache Solr
13 68 (1.07%) CMS
14 63 (1.00%) Apache Pig
15 47 (0.74%) WebLogic
16 37 (0.58%) WebSphere
17 28 (0.44%) Jetty
17 28 (0.44%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 26 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
19 24 (0.38%) Jupyter
Applications
1 127 (2.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.65%) Spreadsheet
3 27 (0.43%) HipChat
4 24 (0.38%) Photoshop
5 20 (0.32%) SPSS
6 18 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
7 15 (0.24%) Doxygen
8 13 (0.21%) Chatbot
9 10 (0.16%) Simulink
10 9 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
11 8 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
11 8 (0.13%) Pipeline Pilot
11 8 (0.13%) Stata
12 6 (0.095%) Houdini
12 6 (0.095%) Maya
12 6 (0.095%) NUKE
13 5 (0.079%) MS Visio
14 4 (0.063%) Adobe Illustrator
14 4 (0.063%) FrameMaker
14 4 (0.063%) XMetaL
Business Applications
1 27 (0.43%) SAP ERP
2 21 (0.33%) RMDS
3 18 (0.28%) ION MarketView
4 7 (0.11%) Odoo
5 6 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
6 5 (0.079%) Dynamics CRM
6 5 (0.079%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 5 (0.079%) SunGard GMI
7 4 (0.063%) BusinessWorks
7 4 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.047%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.047%) Magento
8 3 (0.047%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 2 (0.032%) Payment Gateway
9 2 (0.032%) R3 Corda
9 2 (0.032%) SAP CRM
9 2 (0.032%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.032%) Summit
10 1 (0.016%) BondVision
10 1 (0.016%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 1527 (24.12%) Amazon AWS
2 361 (5.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 262 (4.14%) GitHub
4 245 (3.87%) AWS CloudFormation
5 195 (3.08%) PaaS
6 182 (2.88%) Amazon EC2
7 168 (2.65%) Serverless
8 154 (2.43%) Google Cloud Platform
9 148 (2.34%) Amazon S3
10 116 (1.83%) IaaS
11 107 (1.69%) Cloud Computing
12 98 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
13 95 (1.50%) OpenShift
14 91 (1.44%) SaaS
15 83 (1.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 70 (1.11%) Route 53
17 61 (0.96%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 51 (0.81%) Amazon EMR
18 51 (0.81%) npm
18 51 (0.81%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 350 (5.53%) HTTP
2 307 (4.85%) TCP/IP
3 251 (3.97%) Firewall
4 222 (3.51%) DNS
5 179 (2.83%) SSL
6 109 (1.72%) LDAP
7 98 (1.55%) Network Security
8 96 (1.52%) Internet
9 90 (1.42%) Wireless
10 78 (1.23%) VPN
11 77 (1.22%) WAN
12 72 (1.14%) LAN
13 61 (0.96%) DHCP
13 61 (0.96%) HTTPS
14 51 (0.81%) IPsec
15 49 (0.77%) Bluetooth
16 42 (0.66%) Kerberos
17 39 (0.62%) Wi-Fi
18 33 (0.52%) SAN
19 30 (0.47%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 789 (12.46%) Big Data
2 667 (10.54%) Hadoop
3 539 (8.52%) NoSQL
4 518 (8.18%) PostgreSQL
5 513 (8.10%) MySQL
6 474 (7.49%) MongoDB
7 461 (7.28%) Relational Database
8 414 (6.54%) SQL Server
9 300 (4.74%) Apache Hive
10 237 (3.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 177 (2.80%) RDBMS
12 170 (2.69%) Data Warehouse
13 152 (2.40%) HBase
14 134 (2.12%) Amazon RDS
15 128 (2.02%) Oracle Database
16 104 (1.64%) Impala
17 99 (1.56%) Sqoop
18 87 (1.37%) Redis
19 81 (1.28%) Data Mining
20 74 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1270 (20.06%) Git (software)
2 1258 (19.87%) Jenkins
3 603 (9.53%) JIRA
4 311 (4.91%) Maven
5 279 (4.41%) Subversion
6 236 (3.73%) Selenium
7 213 (3.36%) Cucumber
8 177 (2.80%) TeamCity
9 174 (2.75%) Sonatype Nexus
10 145 (2.29%) JUnit
11 137 (2.16%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 127 (2.01%) Vagrant
13 114 (1.80%) Artifactory
14 103 (1.63%) Ant
15 101 (1.60%) Bitbucket
16 99 (1.56%) Gradle
17 77 (1.22%) WebDriver
18 68 (1.07%) gulp
19 67 (1.06%) Team Foundation Server
20 62 (0.98%) GitLab
General
1 1294 (20.44%) Finance
2 725 (11.45%) Banking
3 362 (5.72%) Front Office
4 343 (5.42%) Investment Banking
5 216 (3.41%) Telecoms
6 202 (3.19%) Marketing
7 150 (2.37%) Electronics
8 128 (2.02%) Retail
9 94 (1.48%) Manufacturing
10 65 (1.03%) Publishing
11 62 (0.98%) Games
12 52 (0.82%) Financial Institution
13 37 (0.58%) Law
14 33 (0.52%) Retail Banking
15 32 (0.51%) Advertising
16 24 (0.38%) Back Office
17 22 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
18 21 (0.33%) French Language
19 20 (0.32%) Automotive
20 18 (0.28%) Legal
Job Titles
1 2369 (37.42%) Developer
2 1057 (16.70%) DevOps Engineer
3 1028 (16.24%) Python Developer
4 412 (6.51%) Java Developer
5 386 (6.10%) AWS Engineer
6 378 (5.97%) Analyst
7 319 (5.04%) Linux Engineer
8 312 (4.93%) AWS DevOps
9 296 (4.68%) Data Engineer
10 273 (4.31%) Data Scientist
11 268 (4.23%) Senior Developer
12 267 (4.22%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 230 (3.63%) Architect
14 198 (3.13%) Linux/Unix DevOps
15 196 (3.10%) C++ Developer
16 194 (3.06%) Consultant
17 180 (2.84%) Cloud Engineer
18 175 (2.76%) Administrator
19 169 (2.67%) Big Data Engineer
20 167 (2.64%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 692 (10.93%) HTML
2 610 (9.64%) Web Services
3 593 (9.37%) Node.js
4 550 (8.69%) CSS
5 455 (7.19%) Django
6 440 (6.95%) REST
7 353 (5.58%) RESTful
8 342 (5.40%) Kafka
9 317 (5.01%) JSON
10 297 (4.69%) AngularJS
11 291 (4.60%) HTML5
12 288 (4.55%) XML
13 273 (4.31%) .NET
14 263 (4.15%) Elastic Stack
15 253 (4.00%) Spring
16 203 (3.21%) React
17 184 (2.91%) Flask
18 172 (2.72%) CSS3
19 165 (2.61%) jQuery
20 124 (1.96%) Ajax
Miscellaneous
1 550 (8.69%) Analytical Skills
2 345 (5.45%) Computer Science
3 211 (3.33%) Algorithms
4 197 (3.11%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 195 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
6 174 (2.75%) Fixed Income
7 167 (2.64%) Derivative
8 122 (1.93%) Data Centre
9 117 (1.85%) Fintech
10 112 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 109 (1.72%) User Experience
12 108 (1.71%) Public Cloud
13 103 (1.63%) Linux Command Line
14 86 (1.36%) Clustering
15 79 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
16 77 (1.22%) Equities
17 69 (1.09%) Credit Risk
18 63 (1.00%) Market Risk
19 61 (0.96%) PKI
20 55 (0.87%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 2566 (40.54%) Linux
2 1064 (16.81%) Unix
3 679 (10.73%) Windows
4 405 (6.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 239 (3.78%) CentOS
6 185 (2.92%) Ubuntu
7 132 (2.09%) Solaris
8 77 (1.22%) Windows Server
9 75 (1.18%) Android
10 66 (1.04%) Debian
11 58 (0.92%) Mac OS X
12 52 (0.82%) Apple iOS
13 46 (0.73%) Windows 7
14 45 (0.71%) Mac OS
15 44 (0.70%) AIX
16 39 (0.62%) CoreOS
17 36 (0.57%) Windows Server 2008
18 26 (0.41%) VMS
18 26 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
19 17 (0.27%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 2196 (34.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1852 (29.26%) DevOps
3 1001 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
4 834 (13.18%) Configuration Management
5 754 (11.91%) Test Automation
6 731 (11.55%) TDD
7 714 (11.28%) Open Source
8 625 (9.87%) Analytics
9 612 (9.67%) Scrum
10 505 (7.98%) Software Engineering
11 426 (6.73%) Machine Learning
12 395 (6.24%) Microservices
13 378 (5.97%) OO
14 355 (5.61%) Continuous Delivery
15 323 (5.10%) BDD
16 303 (4.79%) Mathematics
17 300 (4.74%) Web Development
18 289 (4.57%) SDLC
19 281 (4.44%) Business Intelligence
20 279 (4.41%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 2275 (35.94%) Java
2 1417 (22.39%) SQL
3 1180 (18.64%) Ruby
4 1051 (16.60%) JavaScript
5 1043 (16.48%) Bash Shell
6 899 (14.20%) Perl
7 682 (10.77%) C++
8 619 (9.78%) C#
9 567 (8.96%) Scala
10 436 (6.89%) R
11 392 (6.19%) Shell Script
12 361 (5.70%) Go
13 305 (4.82%) C
14 302 (4.77%) PHP
15 278 (4.39%) PowerShell
16 194 (3.06%) Groovy
17 141 (2.23%) Korn
18 118 (1.86%) VBA
19 80 (1.26%) T-SQL
20 74 (1.17%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 461 (7.28%) Security Cleared
2 425 (6.71%) Degree
3 330 (5.21%) SC Cleared
4 122 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 85 (1.34%) PhD
6 49 (0.77%) AWS Certification
7 45 (0.71%) CISSP
8 44 (0.70%) Master's Degree
9 40 (0.63%) Numerate Degree
10 39 (0.62%) BPSS Clearance
10 39 (0.62%) CEH
11 36 (0.57%) DV Cleared
12 34 (0.54%) SANS
13 31 (0.49%) RHCE
14 26 (0.41%) Cisco Certification
15 22 (0.35%) GIAC
16 21 (0.33%) CCNP
17 19 (0.30%) ISEB
18 18 (0.28%) CREST Certified
19 16 (0.25%) Postgraduate
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 253 (4.00%) QA
2 61 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 51 (0.81%) MiFID
4 46 (0.73%) Disclosure Scotland
5 37 (0.58%) GCP
6 22 (0.35%) PCI DSS
7 12 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.16%) SLA
9 9 (0.14%) ISO 26262
10 8 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
10 8 (0.13%) DO-178B
10 8 (0.13%) WCAG
11 7 (0.11%) AS 2805
11 7 (0.11%) ISO 8583
12 5 (0.079%) MISRA
12 5 (0.079%) Solvency II
13 4 (0.063%) IFRS
13 4 (0.063%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.047%) EMIR
14 3 (0.047%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1162 (18.36%) Docker
2 163 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 132 (2.09%) HDFS
4 117 (1.85%) Apache Flume
5 98 (1.55%) Active Directory
6 79 (1.25%) Virtual Machines
7 44 (0.70%) KVM
8 41 (0.65%) VirtualBox
9 39 (0.62%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 37 (0.58%) Firmware
10 37 (0.58%) LXC
10 37 (0.58%) Xen
11 36 (0.57%) NFS
12 34 (0.54%) Hyper-V
13 31 (0.49%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 26 (0.41%) Samba
15 23 (0.36%) vSphere
16 22 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
17 17 (0.27%) VMware NSX
18 15 (0.24%) etcd
Systems Management
1 1094 (17.28%) Ansible
2 1022 (16.15%) Puppet
3 670 (10.58%) Opscode Chef
4 496 (7.84%) Kubernetes
5 490 (7.74%) Terraform
6 165 (2.61%) logstash
7 131 (2.07%) Kibana
8 125 (1.97%) Nagios
9 98 (1.55%) Packer
10 94 (1.48%) Mesos
11 91 (1.44%) Hadoop YARN
12 87 (1.37%) Oozie
13 86 (1.36%) Salt
14 83 (1.31%) Grafana
15 82 (1.30%) ZABBIX
16 57 (0.90%) Consul
17 55 (0.87%) Prometheus
18 54 (0.85%) Graphite
18 54 (0.85%) Rancher
19 52 (0.82%) Ambari
Vendors
1 560 (8.85%) Oracle
2 366 (5.78%) Red Hat
3 322 (5.09%) Microsoft
4 277 (4.38%) VMware
5 264 (4.17%) Google
6 223 (3.52%) Splunk
7 164 (2.59%) Tableau
8 145 (2.29%) SAP
9 135 (2.13%) IBM
10 125 (1.97%) Atlassian
11 119 (1.88%) Cloudera
12 109 (1.72%) TIBCO
13 78 (1.23%) Sybase
14 73 (1.15%) Cisco
14 73 (1.15%) SaltStack
15 61 (0.96%) Hortonworks
16 54 (0.85%) F5
17 53 (0.84%) ServiceNow
18 50 (0.79%) HP
19 49 (0.77%) Sun