Period
to 23 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 30 44 68
Rank change year-on-year +14 +24 +15
Contract jobs citing Python 6101 4640 3249
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.35% 4.29% 2.89%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.11% 10.94% 7.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 4276 3116 2243
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £340 £325 £300
90th Percentile £650 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £390
% change year-on-year - +8.97% +11.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 106 72 63
UK median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.00% -6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £26.25 £11.69 £21.44
90th Percentile £51.88 £48.71 £54.44
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% -6.25% +6.67%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 40376 42416 42499
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.04% 39.23% 37.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 27729 29156 28274
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +0.72%
Number of hourly rates quoted 771 911 905
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +4.48%
10th Percentile £15.79 £13.28 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +4.17% +5.88%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +16 5731 £500 +5.26% 1070
London +15 3803 £525 +5.00% 623
UK excluding London +20 2220 £425 - 499
South East -3 651 £425 -5.56% 146
North of England +36 534 £425 -5.56% 104
Yorkshire +30 295 £425 -5.56% 47
East of England +8 261 £400 -9.09% 111
Midlands +106 240 £450 +12.36% 35
Scotland +9 237 £400 +6.67% 39
South West +11 223 £423 -0.47% 51
North West +44 196 £425 -5.56% 49
West Midlands +95 155 £475 +11.76% 19
East Midlands +39 83 £423 +27.07% 16
Wales +38 61 £425 -17.07% 12
North East +49 54 £475 +5.56% 8
Northern Ireland -32 23 £413 +17.77% 1

For the 6 months to 23 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2481 (40.67%) Linux
2 2200 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
3 2193 (35.94%) Java
4 1713 (28.08%) DevOps
5 1401 (22.96%) SQL
6 1314 (21.54%) Amazon AWS
7 1210 (19.83%) Ruby
8 1194 (19.57%) Finance
9 1179 (19.32%) Git (software)
10 1150 (18.85%) Jenkins
11 1042 (17.08%) Unix
12 1031 (16.90%) Docker
13 1030 (16.88%) Ansible
14 1025 (16.80%) JavaScript
15 1013 (16.60%) Puppet
16 971 (15.92%) Continuous Integration
17 954 (15.64%) Bash Shell
18 898 (14.72%) Perl
19 778 (12.75%) Configuration Management
20 766 (12.56%) Test Automation
21 751 (12.31%) Big Data
22 713 (11.69%) TDD
23 712 (11.67%) HTML
24 665 (10.90%) Opscode Chef
25 652 (10.69%) Open Source
26 648 (10.62%) Hadoop
27 642 (10.52%) Analytics
28 632 (10.36%) Banking
29 618 (10.13%) Windows
30 604 (9.90%) C++

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 508 (8.33%) Apache Spark
2 321 (5.26%) Apache
3 309 (5.06%) Elasticsearch
4 273 (4.47%) Confluence
5 206 (3.38%) nginx
6 185 (3.03%) Tomcat
7 161 (2.64%) OpenStack
8 117 (1.92%) Cloud Foundry
9 110 (1.80%) SAS
10 90 (1.48%) JBoss
11 76 (1.25%) Apache Pig
12 75 (1.23%) Apache Solr
12 75 (1.23%) IIS
13 60 (0.98%) CMS
14 43 (0.70%) WebSphere
15 42 (0.69%) WebLogic
16 29 (0.48%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 21 (0.34%) Jupyter
18 20 (0.33%) Apache Airflow
19 17 (0.28%) Jetty
Applications
1 115 (1.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (0.72%) Spreadsheet
3 36 (0.59%) Photoshop
4 22 (0.36%) SPSS
5 19 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
6 14 (0.23%) HipChat
7 11 (0.18%) Doxygen
8 9 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
9 8 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 8 (0.13%) Maya
9 8 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.13%) Stata
10 6 (0.098%) Houdini
10 6 (0.098%) MS Visio
10 6 (0.098%) NUKE
11 5 (0.082%) Simulink
12 4 (0.066%) FrameMaker
12 4 (0.066%) Pipeline Pilot
12 4 (0.066%) XMetaL
13 3 (0.049%) S-PLUS
Business Applications
1 23 (0.38%) ION MarketView
1 23 (0.38%) SAP ERP
2 11 (0.18%) RMDS
3 8 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 6 (0.098%) Oracle BPM
5 5 (0.082%) Dynamics AX
6 4 (0.066%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.066%) Dynamics NAV
6 4 (0.066%) Odoo
7 3 (0.049%) R3 Corda
8 2 (0.033%) Front Arena
8 2 (0.033%) Magento
8 2 (0.033%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
8 2 (0.033%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.033%) Sentinel
9 1 (0.016%) Adobe Campaign
9 1 (0.016%) AquaLogic BPM
9 1 (0.016%) Oracle EBS R12
9 1 (0.016%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 1314 (21.54%) Amazon AWS
2 322 (5.28%) Microsoft Azure
3 196 (3.21%) PaaS
4 190 (3.11%) AWS CloudFormation
5 187 (3.07%) GitHub
6 152 (2.49%) Amazon EC2
7 127 (2.08%) Amazon S3
8 107 (1.75%) Google Cloud Platform
9 97 (1.59%) IaaS
10 96 (1.57%) Cloud Computing
11 89 (1.46%) OpenShift
12 73 (1.20%) SaaS
13 69 (1.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 55 (0.90%) Route 53
15 53 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
16 45 (0.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 41 (0.67%) Amazon EMR
18 38 (0.62%) Heroku
19 37 (0.61%) Amazon ELB
20 33 (0.54%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 359 (5.88%) HTTP
2 276 (4.52%) TCP/IP
3 217 (3.56%) Firewall
4 207 (3.39%) DNS
5 174 (2.85%) SSL
6 107 (1.75%) Internet
7 98 (1.61%) LDAP
8 72 (1.18%) VPN
9 69 (1.13%) Network Security
10 68 (1.11%) Wireless
11 65 (1.07%) WAN
12 60 (0.98%) HTTPS
13 56 (0.92%) LAN
14 47 (0.77%) DHCP
15 39 (0.64%) IPsec
16 38 (0.62%) Kerberos
17 36 (0.59%) SAN
17 36 (0.59%) Wi-Fi
18 35 (0.57%) Bluetooth
19 30 (0.49%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 751 (12.31%) Big Data
2 648 (10.62%) Hadoop
3 539 (8.83%) PostgreSQL
4 514 (8.42%) MongoDB
5 490 (8.03%) MySQL
6 483 (7.92%) NoSQL
7 462 (7.57%) Relational Database
8 378 (6.20%) SQL Server
9 282 (4.62%) Apache Hive
10 246 (4.03%) Apache Cassandra
11 168 (2.75%) HBase
12 141 (2.31%) RDBMS
13 139 (2.28%) Data Warehouse
14 109 (1.79%) Oracle Database
15 107 (1.75%) Impala
16 95 (1.56%) Redis
17 88 (1.44%) Sqoop
18 82 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
19 72 (1.18%) Data Mining
20 61 (1.00%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1179 (19.32%) Git (software)
2 1150 (18.85%) Jenkins
3 578 (9.47%) JIRA
4 285 (4.67%) Subversion
5 268 (4.39%) Selenium
6 247 (4.05%) Maven
7 216 (3.54%) Cucumber
8 163 (2.67%) JUnit
9 147 (2.41%) Vagrant
10 135 (2.21%) Sonatype Nexus
11 126 (2.07%) TeamCity
12 106 (1.74%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 99 (1.62%) Artifactory
14 88 (1.44%) Gradle
15 85 (1.39%) WebDriver
16 79 (1.29%) Ant
17 77 (1.26%) gulp
18 75 (1.23%) Bitbucket
19 69 (1.13%) Hudson
20 65 (1.07%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1194 (19.57%) Finance
2 632 (10.36%) Banking
3 302 (4.95%) Investment Banking
4 286 (4.69%) Front Office
5 204 (3.34%) Marketing
6 203 (3.33%) Telecoms
7 126 (2.07%) Electronics
8 110 (1.80%) Retail
9 94 (1.54%) Manufacturing
10 66 (1.08%) Games
11 48 (0.79%) Financial Institution
12 45 (0.74%) Publishing
13 27 (0.44%) Law
14 26 (0.43%) Billing
15 25 (0.41%) Back Office
16 23 (0.38%) Advertising
17 19 (0.31%) Legal
18 18 (0.30%) Automotive
19 17 (0.28%) French Language
20 16 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2431 (39.85%) Developer
2 1081 (17.72%) Python Developer
3 928 (15.21%) DevOps Engineer
4 408 (6.69%) Analyst
5 379 (6.21%) Java Developer
6 312 (5.11%) AWS Engineer
7 290 (4.75%) Linux Engineer
8 269 (4.41%) Senior Developer
9 256 (4.20%) AWS DevOps
10 250 (4.10%) Data Scientist
11 228 (3.74%) Architect
12 218 (3.57%) AWS DevOps Engineer
13 195 (3.20%) Administrator
14 190 (3.11%) Data Engineer
15 189 (3.10%) Consultant
16 182 (2.98%) C++ Developer
17 181 (2.97%) Linux/Unix DevOps
18 157 (2.57%) Cloud Engineer
19 154 (2.52%) Linux DevOps Engineer
20 151 (2.48%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 712 (11.67%) HTML
2 579 (9.49%) CSS
3 558 (9.15%) Node.js
4 555 (9.10%) Web Services
5 537 (8.80%) Django
6 485 (7.95%) REST
7 354 (5.80%) JSON
8 328 (5.38%) HTML5
9 300 (4.92%) RESTful
10 299 (4.90%) AngularJS
11 296 (4.85%) XML
12 288 (4.72%) Kafka
13 264 (4.33%) Elastic Stack
14 262 (4.29%) .NET
15 245 (4.02%) Spring
16 203 (3.33%) CSS3
17 202 (3.31%) Flask
18 189 (3.10%) React
19 157 (2.57%) Ajax
19 157 (2.57%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 506 (8.29%) Analytical Skills
2 320 (5.25%) Computer Science
3 216 (3.54%) Greenfield Project
4 196 (3.21%) Algorithms
5 175 (2.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 156 (2.56%) Fixed Income
7 150 (2.46%) Derivative
8 134 (2.20%) User Experience
9 119 (1.95%) Data Centre
10 108 (1.77%) Linux Command Line
11 104 (1.70%) Fintech
12 101 (1.66%) Data Structures
13 100 (1.64%) Public Cloud
14 97 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
15 78 (1.28%) Equities
16 76 (1.25%) Clustering
17 58 (0.95%) Market Risk
18 52 (0.85%) Credit Risk
18 52 (0.85%) PKI
19 51 (0.84%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 2481 (40.67%) Linux
2 1042 (17.08%) Unix
3 618 (10.13%) Windows
4 413 (6.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 272 (4.46%) CentOS
6 205 (3.36%) Ubuntu
7 121 (1.98%) Solaris
8 67 (1.10%) Mac OS X
9 66 (1.08%) Debian
9 66 (1.08%) Windows Server
10 60 (0.98%) Android
11 55 (0.90%) Mac OS
12 51 (0.84%) Apple iOS
13 39 (0.64%) AIX
14 34 (0.56%) Windows 7
15 33 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
16 25 (0.41%) SUSE
17 24 (0.39%) CoreOS
17 24 (0.39%) Windows Server 2012
18 22 (0.36%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2200 (36.06%) Agile Software Development
2 1713 (28.08%) DevOps
3 971 (15.92%) Continuous Integration
4 778 (12.75%) Configuration Management
5 766 (12.56%) Test Automation
6 713 (11.69%) TDD
7 652 (10.69%) Open Source
8 642 (10.52%) Analytics
9 598 (9.80%) Scrum
10 458 (7.51%) Software Engineering
11 361 (5.92%) Machine Learning
12 360 (5.90%) Microservices
13 357 (5.85%) Web Development
14 334 (5.47%) OO
15 304 (4.98%) BDD
16 285 (4.67%) Continuous Delivery
17 281 (4.61%) SDLC
18 266 (4.36%) Mathematics
19 264 (4.33%) Business Intelligence
20 254 (4.16%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2193 (35.94%) Java
2 1401 (22.96%) SQL
3 1210 (19.83%) Ruby
4 1025 (16.80%) JavaScript
5 954 (15.64%) Bash Shell
6 898 (14.72%) Perl
7 604 (9.90%) C++
8 589 (9.65%) Scala
9 569 (9.33%) C#
10 397 (6.51%) R
11 393 (6.44%) Shell Script
12 321 (5.26%) Go
13 307 (5.03%) PHP
14 277 (4.54%) PowerShell
15 272 (4.46%) C
16 170 (2.79%) Groovy
17 129 (2.11%) Korn
18 97 (1.59%) VBA
19 80 (1.31%) PL/SQL
20 76 (1.25%) MATLAB
Qualifications
1 457 (7.49%) Security Cleared
2 445 (7.29%) Degree
3 333 (5.46%) SC Cleared
4 128 (2.10%) Computer Science Degree
5 80 (1.31%) PhD
6 48 (0.79%) Master's Degree
7 43 (0.70%) AWS Certification
7 43 (0.70%) CISSP
8 41 (0.67%) DV Cleared
9 40 (0.66%) BPSS Clearance
9 40 (0.66%) ISEB
10 37 (0.61%) Numerate Degree
11 33 (0.54%) RHCE
12 32 (0.52%) ISTQB
12 32 (0.52%) SANS
13 31 (0.51%) CEH
14 30 (0.49%) Cisco Certification
15 26 (0.43%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 24 (0.39%) GIAC
17 22 (0.36%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 231 (3.79%) QA
2 71 (1.16%) Data Quality
3 51 (0.84%) Disclosure Scotland
4 49 (0.80%) MiFID
5 19 (0.31%) GCP
6 18 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 9 (0.15%) SLA
8 8 (0.13%) Actionable Recommendations
8 8 (0.13%) DO-178B
9 4 (0.066%) AS 2805
9 4 (0.066%) IFRS
9 4 (0.066%) IFRS 9
9 4 (0.066%) ISO 8583
9 4 (0.066%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 4 (0.066%) WCAG
10 3 (0.049%) COBIT
10 3 (0.049%) EMIR
10 3 (0.049%) MISRA
11 2 (0.033%) DO-254
System Software
1 1031 (16.90%) Docker
2 178 (2.92%) VMware Infrastructure
3 120 (1.97%) HDFS
4 99 (1.62%) Apache Flume
5 96 (1.57%) Active Directory
6 75 (1.23%) Virtual Machines
7 50 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 46 (0.75%) Xen
9 44 (0.72%) NFS
9 44 (0.72%) VirtualBox
10 43 (0.70%) LXC
11 39 (0.64%) KVM
12 38 (0.62%) vSphere
13 34 (0.56%) Hyper-V
14 26 (0.43%) Veritas Cluster Server
14 26 (0.43%) VMware ESXi
15 23 (0.38%) Firmware
16 22 (0.36%) Samba
17 16 (0.26%) VMware NSX
18 12 (0.20%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1030 (16.88%) Ansible
2 1013 (16.60%) Puppet
3 665 (10.90%) Opscode Chef
4 446 (7.31%) Kubernetes
5 409 (6.70%) Terraform
6 176 (2.88%) logstash
7 142 (2.33%) Nagios
8 135 (2.21%) Kibana
9 93 (1.52%) Salt
10 84 (1.38%) Packer
11 80 (1.31%) Grafana
12 76 (1.25%) Mesos
13 75 (1.23%) ZABBIX
14 71 (1.16%) Hadoop YARN
15 64 (1.05%) Graphite
16 57 (0.93%) Oozie
17 54 (0.89%) HAProxy
17 54 (0.89%) Prometheus
18 48 (0.79%) Rancher
19 40 (0.66%) Consul
Vendors
1 578 (9.47%) Oracle
2 371 (6.08%) Red Hat
3 313 (5.13%) VMware
4 290 (4.75%) Microsoft
5 249 (4.08%) Google
6 215 (3.52%) Splunk
7 130 (2.13%) Cloudera
8 128 (2.10%) SAP
9 116 (1.90%) Tableau
10 111 (1.82%) IBM
11 95 (1.56%) Atlassian
12 85 (1.39%) Sybase
13 83 (1.36%) SaltStack
14 76 (1.25%) Cisco
15 73 (1.20%) TIBCO
16 65 (1.07%) Hortonworks
17 64 (1.05%) HP
18 57 (0.93%) Sun
19 48 (0.79%) ServiceNow
20 44 (0.72%) F5