Period
to 27 January 2022

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 27 January 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 12 12 15
Rank change year-on-year 0 +3 +5
Contract jobs citing Python 8,989 4,686 6,194
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 10.24% 11.04% 8.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.63% 26.65% 21.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,497 3,405 4,218
10th Percentile £413 £350 £375
25th Percentile £488 £425 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £513 £525
Median % change year-on-year +12.20% -2.38% -
75th Percentile £675 £613 £625
90th Percentile £750 £700 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £508 £450 £488
% change year-on-year +12.78% -7.69% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 95 100 106
10th Percentile £22.29 £19.83 £18.84
25th Percentile £27.62 £22.47 £25.75
Median hourly rate £48.58 £32.50 £44.51
Median % change year-on-year +49.48% -26.97% +4.72%
75th Percentile £60.50 £45.91 £49.00
90th Percentile £66.65 £55.13 £53.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £48.52 £30.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +59.08% -30.68% +3.53%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,749 17,581 29,153
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 38.43% 41.41% 40.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,577 12,388 20,416
10th Percentile £369 £313 £325
25th Percentile £444 £389 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +13.16% - -
75th Percentile £638 £575 £575
90th Percentile £725 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £430
% change year-on-year +11.76% -1.16% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 444 428 535
10th Percentile £19.52 £14.93 £16.50
25th Percentile £31.25 £24.00 £23.00
Median hourly rate £49.00 £42.50 £43.00
Median % change year-on-year +15.29% -1.16% +1.85%
75th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £50.00
90th Percentile £71.46 £59.13 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.50 £42.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +13.10% -1.18% -

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 27 January 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -1 7,114 £575 +9.52% 2,792
London -3 4,930 £600 +9.09% 1,505
Work from Home -1 2,775 £550 +10.00% 582
UK excluding London -10 2,048 £508 +12.78% 1,465
South East +8 534 £525 +23.53% 320
North of England -15 385 £525 +16.67% 292
South West -4 333 £500 - 194
Scotland -4 272 £475 +11.11% 147
Yorkshire -12 213 £519 +15.28% 81
East of England -7 210 £535 +21.94% 259
Midlands -22 167 £500 +17.65% 194
North West -25 164 £540 +20.00% 175
Wales +11 128 £525 +25.75% 36
West Midlands -14 116 £511 +27.69% 134
East Midlands -19 45 £483 +13.53% 59
Northern Ireland +7 30 £475 +12.03% 24
North East +2 14 £525 +5.00% 36
Isle of Man - 2 £425 -

For the 6 months to 27 January 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,196 (35.55%) AWS
2 2,954 (32.86%) SQL
3 2,836 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
4 2,681 (29.83%) DevOps
5 2,415 (26.87%) Azure
6 2,366 (26.32%) CI/CD
7 2,189 (24.35%) Java
8 1,920 (21.36%) Finance
9 1,833 (20.39%) Linux
10 1,677 (18.66%) Terraform
11 1,649 (18.34%) Kubernetes
12 1,596 (17.76%) Docker
13 1,577 (17.54%) Analytics
14 1,467 (16.32%) JavaScript
15 1,428 (15.89%) Social Skills
16 1,371 (15.25%) Git (software)
17 1,327 (14.76%) Jenkins
18 1,297 (14.43%) Software Engineering
19 1,213 (13.49%) GCP
20 1,188 (13.22%) Ansible
21 1,083 (12.05%) Bash
22 963 (10.71%) Test Automation
23 889 (9.89%) Data Science
24 888 (9.88%) Serverless
24 888 (9.88%) Security Cleared
25 887 (9.87%) C#
26 828 (9.21%) Infrastructure as Code
27 794 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
28 784 (8.72%) ETL
29 783 (8.71%) Banking

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 707 (7.87%) Apache Spark
2 376 (4.18%) Apache
3 296 (3.29%) Confluence
4 294 (3.27%) Apache Airflow
5 247 (2.75%) Elasticsearch
6 143 (1.59%) SAS
7 115 (1.28%) nginx
8 86 (0.96%) Jupyter
9 74 (0.82%) SharePoint
10 70 (0.78%) OpenStack
11 57 (0.63%) Tomcat
12 39 (0.43%) WebSphere
13 33 (0.37%) ArcGIS
14 30 (0.33%) Cloud Foundry
15 28 (0.31%) Ethereum
15 28 (0.31%) JBoss
16 26 (0.29%) Luigi
17 25 (0.28%) Gunicorn
18 22 (0.24%) BizTalk Server
18 22 (0.24%) CMS
Applications
1 211 (2.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (0.47%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.36%) MS Visio
4 21 (0.23%) Chatbot
5 20 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 20 (0.22%) SPSS
6 15 (0.17%) Stata
7 10 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.067%) Blender
9 5 (0.056%) FrameMaker
9 5 (0.056%) Microsoft Project
10 4 (0.044%) Simulink
11 3 (0.033%) LaTeX
11 3 (0.033%) Maya
12 2 (0.022%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.022%) Notepad++
13 1 (0.011%) CPLEX
13 1 (0.011%) Houdini
13 1 (0.011%) InDesign
13 1 (0.011%) PrintSoft PReS
Business Applications
1 30 (0.33%) Sentinel
2 29 (0.32%) SunGard Martini
3 23 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
4 10 (0.11%) RMDS
5 9 (0.10%) Distributed Ledger
6 8 (0.089%) SAP Hybris
6 8 (0.089%) Shopify
6 8 (0.089%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
7 7 (0.078%) FINCAD Analytics
8 5 (0.056%) Dynamics CRM
8 5 (0.056%) Magento
8 5 (0.056%) Workday HCM
9 4 (0.044%) ContrOCC
9 4 (0.044%) ION MarketView
9 4 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
10 3 (0.033%) IBM Planning Analytics
10 3 (0.033%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 3 (0.033%) thinkFolio
11 2 (0.022%) Loan IQ
11 2 (0.022%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 3,196 (35.55%) AWS
2 2,415 (26.87%) Azure
3 1,213 (13.49%) GCP
4 888 (9.88%) Serverless
5 603 (6.71%) Power Platform
6 540 (6.01%) GitHub
7 537 (5.97%) AWS Lambda
8 505 (5.62%) AWS CloudFormation
9 435 (4.84%) Amazon S3
10 349 (3.88%) Azure Data Factory
11 263 (2.93%) Amazon EC2
12 260 (2.89%) PaaS
13 201 (2.24%) Amazon ECS
14 188 (2.09%) IaaS
15 179 (1.99%) SaaS
15 179 (1.99%) Snowflake
16 164 (1.82%) Azure Synapse Analytics
17 158 (1.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 158 (1.76%) Cloud Computing
18 142 (1.58%) Amazon EKS
Communications & Networking
1 211 (2.35%) Firewall
2 172 (1.91%) TCP/IP
3 163 (1.81%) HTTP
4 146 (1.62%) DNS
5 102 (1.13%) Network Security
6 87 (0.97%) Internet
7 80 (0.89%) WAN
8 77 (0.86%) BGP
9 69 (0.77%) VPN
10 59 (0.66%) SSL
11 58 (0.65%) Kerberos
12 56 (0.62%) LAN
13 50 (0.56%) SAN
14 48 (0.53%) Wireless
15 46 (0.51%) Wi-Fi
16 42 (0.47%) MPLS
17 40 (0.44%) OSPF
18 36 (0.40%) Multicast
19 33 (0.37%) DHCP
20 29 (0.32%) SD-WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 651 (7.24%) Big Data
2 601 (6.69%) Data Warehouse
3 587 (6.53%) Power BI
4 535 (5.95%) PostgreSQL
5 497 (5.53%) SQL Server
6 484 (5.38%) Data Lake
7 463 (5.15%) NoSQL
8 407 (4.53%) Hadoop
8 407 (4.53%) Relational Database
9 380 (4.23%) Tableau
10 301 (3.35%) MongoDB
11 276 (3.07%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 276 (3.07%) Amazon Redshift
12 267 (2.97%) MySQL
13 217 (2.41%) Apache Hive
14 199 (2.21%) BigQuery
15 193 (2.15%) Amazon RDS
16 191 (2.12%) Azure SQL Database
17 152 (1.69%) Metadata
18 147 (1.64%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,371 (15.25%) Git (software)
2 1,327 (14.76%) Jenkins
3 649 (7.22%) JIRA
4 491 (5.46%) GitLab
5 265 (2.95%) Bitbucket
6 241 (2.68%) Artifactory
7 205 (2.28%) TeamCity
8 182 (2.02%) Selenium
9 160 (1.78%) Subversion
10 155 (1.72%) Maven
11 135 (1.50%) SonarQube
12 120 (1.33%) Sonatype Nexus
13 119 (1.32%) Cucumber
14 91 (1.01%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 79 (0.88%) CircleCI
16 73 (0.81%) Visual Studio
17 65 (0.72%) Gradle
18 64 (0.71%) JUnit
19 62 (0.69%) JMeter
20 61 (0.68%) Robot Framework
General
1 1,920 (21.36%) Finance
2 1,428 (15.89%) Social Skills
3 783 (8.71%) Banking
4 753 (8.38%) Analytical Skills
5 580 (6.45%) Front Office
6 491 (5.46%) Public Sector
7 347 (3.86%) Investment Banking
8 211 (2.35%) Presentation Skills
9 150 (1.67%) Marketing
10 149 (1.66%) Telecoms
11 143 (1.59%) Retail
12 132 (1.47%) Financial Institution
13 102 (1.13%) Legal
14 86 (0.96%) Influencing Skills
15 73 (0.81%) Publishing
16 68 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
17 66 (0.73%) Documentation Skills
18 63 (0.70%) Law
19 61 (0.68%) Manufacturing
20 60 (0.67%) Games
Job Titles
1 2,833 (31.52%) Developer
2 1,384 (15.40%) Python Developer
3 1,337 (14.87%) Data Engineer
4 854 (9.50%) DevOps Engineer
5 727 (8.09%) Python Engineer
6 694 (7.72%) AWS Engineer
7 509 (5.66%) Software Engineer
8 508 (5.65%) Analyst
9 437 (4.86%) Architect
10 405 (4.51%) Cloud Engineer
11 398 (4.43%) Azure Engineer
12 326 (3.63%) Senior Developer
13 293 (3.26%) Data Scientist
14 288 (3.20%) Java Developer
15 238 (2.65%) Data Analyst
16 229 (2.55%) AWS Developer
17 224 (2.49%) AWS DevOps
18 216 (2.40%) Full Stack Developer
19 204 (2.27%) Platform Engineer
20 197 (2.19%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 779 (8.67%) React
2 686 (7.63%) Kafka
3 550 (6.12%) REST
4 504 (5.61%) .NET
5 495 (5.51%) Node.js
6 485 (5.40%) HTML
7 411 (4.57%) Django
8 404 (4.49%) Pandas
9 385 (4.28%) CSS
10 383 (4.26%) PySpark
11 382 (4.25%) AngularJS
12 349 (3.88%) Flask
13 342 (3.80%) JSON
14 310 (3.45%) NumPy
15 303 (3.37%) RESTful
16 209 (2.33%) XML
17 178 (1.98%) HTML5
18 172 (1.91%) Elastic Stack
19 168 (1.87%) Spring
20 161 (1.79%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 335 (3.73%) Algorithms
2 331 (3.68%) Derivative
3 304 (3.38%) Equities
4 272 (3.03%) Cloud Native
5 260 (2.89%) Data Structures
6 250 (2.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 242 (2.69%) Greenfield Project
7 242 (2.69%) Hedge funds
8 240 (2.67%) Public Cloud
9 218 (2.43%) Fixed Income
10 213 (2.37%) User Experience
11 163 (1.81%) Data Protection Act
12 139 (1.55%) Data Centre
12 139 (1.55%) Self-Motivation
13 134 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
14 106 (1.18%) Hybrid Cloud
15 86 (0.96%) Management Information System
16 85 (0.95%) NHS
17 75 (0.83%) Legacy Systems
18 73 (0.81%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 1,833 (20.39%) Linux
2 734 (8.17%) Windows
3 521 (5.80%) Unix
4 249 (2.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 130 (1.45%) Windows Server
6 112 (1.25%) CentOS
7 94 (1.05%) Ubuntu
8 58 (0.65%) Solaris
9 52 (0.58%) Android
10 39 (0.43%) Apple iOS
11 30 (0.33%) Windows 10
12 26 (0.29%) Debian
13 25 (0.28%) AIX
14 22 (0.24%) Mac OS
15 20 (0.22%) Embedded Linux
15 20 (0.22%) Oracle Linux
15 20 (0.22%) Windows Server 2012
15 20 (0.22%) Windows Server 2016
16 18 (0.20%) SUSE
17 15 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,836 (31.55%) Agile Software Development
2 2,681 (29.83%) DevOps
3 2,366 (26.32%) CI/CD
4 1,577 (17.54%) Analytics
5 1,297 (14.43%) Software Engineering
6 963 (10.71%) Test Automation
7 889 (9.89%) Data Science
8 828 (9.21%) Infrastructure as Code
9 794 (8.83%) Problem-Solving
10 784 (8.72%) ETL
11 776 (8.63%) Microservices
12 760 (8.45%) Business Intelligence
13 746 (8.30%) Data Engineering
14 711 (7.91%) Data Modelling
15 672 (7.48%) Continuous Integration
15 672 (7.48%) Full Stack Development
16 665 (7.40%) TDD
17 654 (7.28%) Scrum
18 647 (7.20%) Visualisation
19 588 (6.54%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 2,954 (32.86%) SQL
2 2,189 (24.35%) Java
3 1,467 (16.32%) JavaScript
4 1,083 (12.05%) Bash
5 887 (9.87%) C#
6 768 (8.54%) PowerShell
7 655 (7.29%) C++
8 613 (6.82%) Scala
9 507 (5.64%) R
10 502 (5.58%) Go
11 445 (4.95%) Ruby
12 420 (4.67%) TypeScript
13 366 (4.07%) Perl
14 283 (3.15%) C
14 283 (3.15%) Groovy
15 279 (3.10%) Shell Script
16 163 (1.81%) PHP
17 143 (1.59%) VBA
18 139 (1.55%) PL/SQL
19 122 (1.36%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 888 (9.88%) Security Cleared
2 651 (7.24%) SC Cleared
3 516 (5.74%) Degree
4 156 (1.74%) Computer Science Degree
5 131 (1.46%) DV Cleared
6 128 (1.42%) AWS Certification
7 119 (1.32%) BPSS Clearance
8 96 (1.07%) PhD
9 84 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
10 59 (0.66%) CCNP
11 57 (0.63%) Master's Degree
12 42 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
13 40 (0.44%) CISSP
14 31 (0.34%) RHCE
15 29 (0.32%) CCIE
16 28 (0.31%) Microsoft Certification
17 23 (0.26%) ISTQB
18 19 (0.21%) CCNA
19 18 (0.20%) DBS Check
20 17 (0.19%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 336 (3.74%) QA
2 271 (3.01%) Data Quality
3 114 (1.27%) Accessibility
4 106 (1.18%) GDPR
5 48 (0.53%) NCSC
6 30 (0.33%) SLA
7 28 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 25 (0.28%) Disclosure Scotland
9 22 (0.24%) IFRS
10 20 (0.22%) NIST
10 20 (0.22%) PMO
11 19 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 18 (0.20%) WCAG
13 17 (0.19%) PCI DSS
14 15 (0.17%) Basel II
14 15 (0.17%) IFRS 9
15 11 (0.12%) Actionable Recommendations
15 11 (0.12%) GLBA
16 6 (0.067%) HL7
17 5 (0.056%) MiFID
System Software
1 1,596 (17.76%) Docker
2 207 (2.30%) Active Directory
3 178 (1.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 93 (1.03%) HDFS
5 86 (0.96%) Virtual Machines
6 58 (0.65%) NFS
7 51 (0.57%) vSphere
8 44 (0.49%) VMware NSX
9 33 (0.37%) VMware ESXi
10 24 (0.27%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 23 (0.26%) Firmware
12 16 (0.18%) Apache Flume
13 15 (0.17%) KVM
14 12 (0.13%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 11 (0.12%) Hyper-V
16 9 (0.10%) Slurm Workload Manager
17 8 (0.089%) vCloud
17 8 (0.089%) VirtualBox
18 7 (0.078%) Virtual Desktop
19 6 (0.067%) iptables
Systems Management
1 1,677 (18.66%) Terraform
2 1,649 (18.34%) Kubernetes
3 1,188 (13.22%) Ansible
4 352 (3.92%) Puppet
5 270 (3.00%) Opscode Chef
6 269 (2.99%) Grafana
7 230 (2.56%) Prometheus
8 170 (1.89%) Kibana
9 102 (1.13%) BladeLogic
10 92 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
11 83 (0.92%) Packer
12 78 (0.87%) Istio
13 67 (0.75%) Consul
14 64 (0.71%) logstash
15 59 (0.66%) ITRS Geneos
16 47 (0.52%) Nagios
16 47 (0.52%) Rancher
17 40 (0.44%) ZABBIX
18 37 (0.41%) HAProxy
18 37 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 576 (6.41%) Oracle
2 570 (6.34%) Microsoft
3 552 (6.14%) Databricks
4 521 (5.80%) Google
5 273 (3.04%) VMware
6 223 (2.48%) Splunk
7 183 (2.04%) Red Hat
8 144 (1.60%) Informatica
9 125 (1.39%) Cloudera
10 124 (1.38%) Cisco
11 93 (1.03%) Atlassian
12 89 (0.99%) IBM
13 76 (0.85%) SAP
14 64 (0.71%) Citrix
15 60 (0.67%) Sybase
16 59 (0.66%) Alteryx
17 57 (0.63%) Hortonworks
18 54 (0.60%) Teradata
19 49 (0.55%) TIBCO
20 47 (0.52%) Talend