Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 29 June 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
29 Jun 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 13 12 16
Rank change year-on-year -1 +4 -1
Contract jobs citing Python 8,995 6,799 3,945
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 10.18% 10.50% 9.60%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.73% 26.00% 23.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,391 4,848 2,804
10th Percentile £425 £375 £378
25th Percentile £502 £450 £438
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £525
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% - -
75th Percentile £700 £638 £638
90th Percentile £788 £700 £725
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £475 £488
% change year-on-year +10.53% -2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 106 94 64
10th Percentile £19.91 £21.09 £19.18
25th Percentile £34.44 £25.25 £22.13
Median hourly rate £50.81 £35.69 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +42.36% -16.02% -5.56%
75th Percentile £59.98 £50.00 £48.25
90th Percentile £65.75 £59.63 £60.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.56 £37.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +40.15% -11.76% -5.56%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 32,434 26,155 17,028
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 36.72% 40.40% 41.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,664 18,422 12,039
10th Percentile £394 £340 £325
25th Percentile £463 £413 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +5.26%
75th Percentile £669 £600 £588
90th Percentile £763 £696 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £500 £446 £450
% change year-on-year +12.23% -1.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 527 464 287
10th Percentile £18.58 £16.55 £17.80
25th Percentile £35.00 £25.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate £52.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +22.35% - -3.41%
75th Percentile £62.88 £53.75 £50.00
90th Percentile £73.50 £64.00 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.85 £41.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year +24.02% -3.53% -4.49%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 29 June 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 29 June 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England 0 7,293 £600 +11.11% 2,203
London 0 5,109 £625 +12.61% 1,067
Work from Home -1 4,659 £575 +9.52% 1,102
UK excluding London -6 2,098 £525 +10.53% 1,268
South East -1 511 £525 +7.69% 246
North of England -5 462 £550 +15.79% 296
Scotland 0 364 £520 +14.29% 112
South West -11 271 £525 +10.53% 184
North West -3 254 £550 +15.79% 151
East of England +7 237 £556 +11.70% 251
Yorkshire -5 198 £550 +16.40% 102
Midlands -4 191 £500 +14.29% 143
West Midlands -11 155 £525 +16.67% 90
Wales -15 64 £550 +27.17% 19
East Midlands -14 34 £500 +25.00% 53
North East +3 26 £625 +26.26% 43
Northern Ireland +4 22 £493 +4.79% 17

For the 6 months to 29 June 2022, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 3,160 (35.13%) AWS
2 3,088 (34.33%) Agile
3 2,986 (33.20%) DevOps
4 2,860 (31.80%) SQL
5 2,698 (29.99%) Azure
6 2,408 (26.77%) CI/CD
7 2,388 (26.55%) Java
8 2,130 (23.68%) Finance
9 2,027 (22.53%) Linux
10 1,945 (21.62%) Kubernetes
11 1,840 (20.46%) Terraform
12 1,703 (18.93%) Docker
13 1,528 (16.99%) Analytics
13 1,528 (16.99%) Git (software)
14 1,507 (16.75%) Social Skills
15 1,458 (16.21%) GCP
16 1,418 (15.76%) Ansible
17 1,397 (15.53%) Jenkins
17 1,397 (15.53%) Software Engineering
18 1,377 (15.31%) JavaScript
19 1,069 (11.88%) Test Automation
20 1,068 (11.87%) Security Cleared
21 1,031 (11.46%) Bash
22 963 (10.71%) Banking
23 925 (10.28%) React
24 905 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
24 905 (10.06%) Serverless
25 902 (10.03%) Infrastructure as Code
26 899 (9.99%) JIRA
27 895 (9.95%) Problem-Solving

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 680 (7.56%) Apache Spark
2 429 (4.77%) Confluence
3 370 (4.11%) Apache
4 226 (2.51%) Apache Airflow
5 164 (1.82%) nginx
6 116 (1.29%) SAS
7 75 (0.83%) OpenStack
8 57 (0.63%) Jupyter
8 57 (0.63%) Tomcat
9 55 (0.61%) WebSphere
10 49 (0.54%) SharePoint
11 45 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
12 35 (0.39%) IIS
13 34 (0.38%) Mule
14 33 (0.37%) Traefik
15 29 (0.32%) CMS
16 28 (0.31%) Apache Solr
17 20 (0.22%) JBoss
18 19 (0.21%) Apache Pig
19 18 (0.20%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 270 (3.00%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (0.58%) Microsoft Office
3 49 (0.54%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 41 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
5 35 (0.39%) MS Visio
6 19 (0.21%) SPSS
7 11 (0.12%) Microsoft Project
8 8 (0.089%) Chatbot
9 6 (0.067%) Maya
10 5 (0.056%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.044%) Houdini
11 4 (0.044%) Stata
12 2 (0.022%) AutoCAD
12 2 (0.022%) Blender
12 2 (0.022%) InVision
12 2 (0.022%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.022%) Simulink
12 2 (0.022%) Sketch
13 1 (0.011%) GIMP
13 1 (0.011%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 12 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
2 11 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
3 9 (0.10%) Magento
4 7 (0.078%) Oracle Cash Management
4 7 (0.078%) RMDS
4 7 (0.078%) SunGard Martini
5 6 (0.067%) Oracle Receivables
5 6 (0.067%) Shopify
5 6 (0.067%) thinkFolio
6 4 (0.044%) Dynamics CRM
6 4 (0.044%) Oracle AML
6 4 (0.044%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.044%) SAP S/4HANA
7 3 (0.033%) Advent Geneva
7 3 (0.033%) NetSuite
7 3 (0.033%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.022%) Eikon
8 2 (0.022%) FINCAD Analytics
8 2 (0.022%) ION MarketView
8 2 (0.022%) SAP HCM
Cloud Services
1 3,160 (35.13%) AWS
2 2,698 (29.99%) Azure
3 1,458 (16.21%) GCP
4 905 (10.06%) Serverless
5 623 (6.93%) AWS Lambda
6 611 (6.79%) Azure DevOps
7 548 (6.09%) GitHub
8 474 (5.27%) Amazon S3
9 473 (5.26%) Power Platform
10 458 (5.09%) AWS CloudFormation
11 361 (4.01%) Amazon EC2
12 352 (3.91%) Azure Data Factory
13 267 (2.97%) PaaS
14 265 (2.95%) OpenShift
15 203 (2.26%) Amazon ECS
16 182 (2.02%) Amazon EKS
17 181 (2.01%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 180 (2.00%) SaaS
19 169 (1.88%) Google Kubernetes Engine
20 159 (1.77%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 303 (3.37%) DNS
2 293 (3.26%) Firewall
3 180 (2.00%) TCP/IP
4 130 (1.45%) VPN
5 126 (1.40%) HTTP
6 112 (1.25%) DHCP
7 110 (1.22%) Internet
8 104 (1.16%) Network Security
9 103 (1.15%) BGP
10 92 (1.02%) SSL
11 90 (1.00%) SSH
12 67 (0.74%) Wireshark
13 63 (0.70%) MPLS
13 63 (0.70%) Wireless
14 61 (0.68%) OSPF
15 57 (0.63%) WAN
16 56 (0.62%) Kerberos
17 52 (0.58%) FTP
18 51 (0.57%) SMTP
19 49 (0.54%) Multicast
Database & Business Intelligence
1 656 (7.29%) Big Data
2 583 (6.48%) PostgreSQL
3 565 (6.28%) SQL Server
4 543 (6.04%) Data Warehouse
5 463 (5.15%) NoSQL
6 456 (5.07%) Power BI
7 407 (4.52%) Hadoop
8 405 (4.50%) Data Lake
9 377 (4.19%) Relational Database
10 342 (3.80%) MongoDB
11 329 (3.66%) MySQL
12 287 (3.19%) Tableau
13 282 (3.14%) BigQuery
14 258 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
15 207 (2.30%) Amazon RDS
16 179 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
17 169 (1.88%) Apache Hive
18 155 (1.72%) Azure SQL Database
19 126 (1.40%) DynamoDB
20 125 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,528 (16.99%) Git (software)
2 1,397 (15.53%) Jenkins
3 899 (9.99%) JIRA
4 495 (5.50%) GitLab
5 253 (2.81%) Maven
6 206 (2.29%) Artifactory
7 193 (2.15%) Bitbucket
8 187 (2.08%) Selenium
9 171 (1.90%) TeamCity
10 165 (1.83%) Subversion
11 140 (1.56%) CircleCI
12 138 (1.53%) Cucumber
13 121 (1.35%) Gradle
14 118 (1.31%) Sonatype Nexus
15 105 (1.17%) SonarQube
16 92 (1.02%) JUnit
17 76 (0.84%) Travis CI
17 76 (0.84%) Visual Studio
18 70 (0.78%) gulp
19 66 (0.73%) git-flow
General
1 2,130 (23.68%) Finance
2 1,507 (16.75%) Social Skills
3 963 (10.71%) Banking
4 905 (10.06%) Analytical Skills
5 714 (7.94%) Front Office
6 556 (6.18%) Public Sector
7 411 (4.57%) Investment Banking
8 157 (1.75%) Presentation Skills
8 157 (1.75%) Telecoms
9 135 (1.50%) Marketing
10 129 (1.43%) Retail
11 122 (1.36%) Financial Institution
12 118 (1.31%) Legal
13 100 (1.11%) Influencing Skills
14 88 (0.98%) Pharmaceutical
15 83 (0.92%) Documentation Skills
16 74 (0.82%) Law
17 71 (0.79%) Publishing
18 64 (0.71%) Back Office
19 44 (0.49%) Inclusion and Diversity
Job Titles
1 2,622 (29.15%) Developer
2 1,334 (14.83%) Python Developer
3 1,220 (13.56%) DevOps Engineer
4 1,107 (12.31%) Data Engineer
5 679 (7.55%) AWS Engineer
6 642 (7.14%) Python Engineer
7 557 (6.19%) Analyst
8 551 (6.13%) Software Engineer
9 478 (5.31%) Architect
10 445 (4.95%) Azure Engineer
11 363 (4.04%) Cloud Engineer
12 338 (3.76%) Senior Developer
13 275 (3.06%) AWS DevOps
14 270 (3.00%) AWS Developer
15 257 (2.86%) Java Developer
16 246 (2.73%) AWS DevOps Engineer
17 244 (2.71%) Data Scientist
18 224 (2.49%) Developer/Software Engineer
19 222 (2.47%) Data Analyst
20 220 (2.45%) GCP Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 925 (10.28%) React
2 690 (7.67%) Kafka
3 524 (5.83%) Django
4 520 (5.78%) REST
5 501 (5.57%) .NET
6 479 (5.33%) HTML
7 473 (5.26%) Node.js
8 410 (4.56%) CSS
9 406 (4.51%) Pandas
10 403 (4.48%) Flask
11 365 (4.06%) PySpark
12 305 (3.39%) NumPy
13 298 (3.31%) JSON
14 276 (3.07%) RESTful
15 261 (2.90%) Spring
16 256 (2.85%) AngularJS
17 200 (2.22%) XML
18 187 (2.08%) Elastic Stack
19 177 (1.97%) Spring Boot
20 170 (1.89%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 386 (4.29%) Algorithms
2 369 (4.10%) Derivative
3 331 (3.68%) Public Cloud
4 319 (3.55%) Equities
5 318 (3.54%) Data Structures
6 295 (3.28%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 284 (3.16%) Hedge funds
8 283 (3.15%) Cloud Native
8 283 (3.15%) Fixed Income
9 265 (2.95%) Greenfield Project
10 243 (2.70%) Data Protection Act
11 203 (2.26%) User Experience
12 175 (1.95%) Linux Command Line
13 173 (1.92%) Self-Motivation
14 156 (1.73%) Data Centre
15 129 (1.43%) Management Information System
16 121 (1.35%) Legacy Systems
17 95 (1.06%) Enterprise Software
17 95 (1.06%) Hybrid Cloud
18 83 (0.92%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 2,027 (22.53%) Linux
2 740 (8.23%) Windows
3 568 (6.31%) Unix
4 279 (3.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 140 (1.56%) Windows Server
6 118 (1.31%) CentOS
7 108 (1.20%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.58%) Android
9 50 (0.56%) Apple iOS
10 45 (0.50%) Windows Server 2016
11 40 (0.44%) Solaris
12 29 (0.32%) VMS
12 29 (0.32%) Windows 10
13 28 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
14 26 (0.29%) Mac OS
15 24 (0.27%) Windows Server 2019
16 21 (0.23%) Amazon Linux
17 19 (0.21%) AIX
18 17 (0.19%) SUSE
19 16 (0.18%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,088 (34.33%) Agile
2 2,986 (33.20%) DevOps
3 2,408 (26.77%) CI/CD
4 1,528 (16.99%) Analytics
5 1,397 (15.53%) Software Engineering
6 1,069 (11.88%) Test Automation
7 902 (10.03%) Infrastructure as Code
8 895 (9.95%) Problem-Solving
9 886 (9.85%) Scrum
10 869 (9.66%) Microservices
11 798 (8.87%) Data Science
12 754 (8.38%) ETL
13 652 (7.25%) Full Stack Development
14 645 (7.17%) Continuous Integration
15 627 (6.97%) Machine Learning
16 624 (6.94%) Business Intelligence
17 622 (6.91%) TDD
18 605 (6.73%) Data Engineering
19 604 (6.71%) Data Modelling
20 548 (6.09%) Data Pipeline
Programming Languages
1 2,860 (31.80%) SQL
2 2,388 (26.55%) Java
3 1,377 (15.31%) JavaScript
4 1,031 (11.46%) Bash
5 867 (9.64%) C#
6 841 (9.35%) PowerShell
7 730 (8.12%) Go
8 681 (7.57%) C++
9 609 (6.77%) Scala
10 512 (5.69%) TypeScript
11 466 (5.18%) R
12 413 (4.59%) Perl
13 400 (4.45%) Ruby
14 388 (4.31%) C
15 312 (3.47%) Shell Script
16 261 (2.90%) Groovy
17 173 (1.92%) PL/SQL
18 164 (1.82%) PHP
19 150 (1.67%) VBA
20 109 (1.21%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,068 (11.87%) Security Cleared
2 879 (9.77%) SC Cleared
3 502 (5.58%) Degree
4 173 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
5 153 (1.70%) DV Cleared
6 123 (1.37%) PhD
7 110 (1.22%) AWS Certification
8 107 (1.19%) BPSS Clearance
9 100 (1.11%) Cisco Certification
10 63 (0.70%) CCNP
11 56 (0.62%) CISSP
11 56 (0.62%) Master's Degree
12 38 (0.42%) CCNA
13 30 (0.33%) CCIE
14 29 (0.32%) Numerate Degree
15 26 (0.29%) ISTQB
16 24 (0.27%) CISM
16 24 (0.27%) FFIEC
17 22 (0.24%) JNCIA
18 20 (0.22%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 375 (4.17%) QA
2 244 (2.71%) Data Quality
3 127 (1.41%) Accessibility
4 78 (0.87%) GDPR
5 44 (0.49%) SLA
6 32 (0.36%) NCSC
7 31 (0.34%) NIST
8 26 (0.29%) PCI DSS
9 24 (0.27%) GLBA
10 18 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 16 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
11 16 (0.18%) PMO
11 16 (0.18%) WCAG
12 15 (0.17%) MiFID
13 9 (0.10%) HL7
13 9 (0.10%) ISO 20022
13 9 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 8 (0.089%) IFRS
15 4 (0.044%) IFRS 9
15 4 (0.044%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1,703 (18.93%) Docker
2 232 (2.58%) VMware Infrastructure
3 192 (2.13%) Active Directory
4 108 (1.20%) HDFS
5 83 (0.92%) Virtual Machines
6 81 (0.90%) vSphere
7 44 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
8 40 (0.44%) NFS
9 39 (0.43%) VMware NSX
10 27 (0.30%) KVM
11 23 (0.26%) Oracle RAC
12 22 (0.24%) Ceph
13 17 (0.19%) Hyper-V
14 15 (0.17%) ProxySG
15 14 (0.16%) iptables
16 11 (0.12%) Apache Flume
16 11 (0.12%) VirtualBox
17 10 (0.11%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 10 (0.11%) Virtual Desktop
17 10 (0.11%) Xen
Systems Management
1 1,945 (21.62%) Kubernetes
2 1,840 (20.46%) Terraform
3 1,418 (15.76%) Ansible
4 450 (5.00%) Puppet
5 329 (3.66%) Grafana
6 320 (3.56%) Opscode Chef
7 297 (3.30%) Prometheus
8 199 (2.21%) Packer
9 128 (1.42%) Kibana
10 109 (1.21%) Consul
11 90 (1.00%) Docker Swarm
12 89 (0.99%) Istio
13 72 (0.80%) ITRS Geneos
14 63 (0.70%) Argo
15 61 (0.68%) ZABBIX
16 49 (0.54%) HAProxy
17 45 (0.50%) logstash
18 43 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
19 39 (0.43%) Nagios
20 38 (0.42%) Graphite
Vendors
1 813 (9.04%) Microsoft
2 624 (6.94%) Oracle
3 621 (6.90%) Google
4 575 (6.39%) Databricks
5 336 (3.74%) Splunk
6 321 (3.57%) VMware
7 220 (2.45%) Red Hat
8 182 (2.02%) Cisco
9 116 (1.29%) ServiceNow
10 111 (1.23%) Atlassian
11 98 (1.09%) SAP
12 93 (1.03%) IBM
13 86 (0.96%) Informatica
14 75 (0.83%) F5
15 71 (0.79%) Dynatrace
16 65 (0.72%) Bloomberg
17 61 (0.68%) Cloudera
18 58 (0.64%) AppDynamics
18 58 (0.64%) Palo Alto
18 58 (0.64%) TIBCO