Period
to 21 October 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 30 41
Rank change year-on-year +8 +11 +25
Contract jobs citing Python 7,466 6,335 4,945
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.30% 6.38% 4.66%
As % of the Programming Languages category 16.38% 15.21% 11.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,066 4,539 3,317
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £363 £350 £325
90th Percentile £675 £663 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 132 125 75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £39.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +3.85% -2.50%
10th Percentile £18.99 £26.08 £17.78
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.86 £48.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -2.35% +6.25% -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,580 41,660 42,607
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.54% 41.93% 40.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,986 28,938 29,274
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £314 £306 £281
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £418 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +4.38% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 692 783 907
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £16.29 £15.83 £14.20
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.00 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.94% +8.00% +1.35%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 21 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 6,888 £525 +5.00% 2,802
London 0 4,471 £550 +4.76% 1,424
UK excluding London +12 2,907 £450 +4.65% 1,550
South East +12 846 £475 +5.56% 399
North of England +10 705 £475 +5.56% 288
Scotland +6 399 £450 +12.50% 119
North West +24 350 £500 +5.26% 130
South West +9 292 £475 +18.75% 205
Midlands 0 286 £425 -5.56% 137
Yorkshire -4 274 £450 - 114
East of England -3 267 £425 - 348
West Midlands -9 156 £450 -5.26% 77
East Midlands +31 128 £408 -4.12% 60
Wales +1 106 £456 -4.06% 29
North East +21 84 £488 +2.63% 44
Northern Ireland +51 32 £435 -4.51% 25

For the 6 months to 21 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,561 (34.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,522 (33.78%) Linux
3 2,477 (33.18%) DevOps
4 2,411 (32.29%) Java
5 2,268 (30.38%) Amazon AWS
6 1,844 (24.70%) Jenkins
7 1,790 (23.98%) SQL
8 1,748 (23.41%) Docker
9 1,695 (22.70%) Ansible
10 1,486 (19.90%) Git (software)
11 1,453 (19.46%) Finance
12 1,276 (17.09%) Bash Shell
13 1,271 (17.02%) Puppet
14 1,224 (16.39%) JavaScript
15 1,207 (16.17%) Continuous Integration
16 1,063 (14.24%) Terraform
17 1,052 (14.09%) Ruby
18 1,019 (13.65%) Test Automation
19 1,015 (13.59%) Kubernetes
20 971 (13.01%) Opscode Chef
21 955 (12.79%) Perl
22 950 (12.72%) Unix
23 930 (12.46%) Big Data
24 895 (11.99%) Hadoop
25 857 (11.48%) Analytics
26 856 (11.47%) Windows
27 855 (11.45%) TDD
28 822 (11.01%) C++
29 817 (10.94%) Microsoft Azure
30 809 (10.84%) Configuration Management

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 711 (9.52%) Apache Spark
2 465 (6.23%) Elasticsearch
3 401 (5.37%) Apache
4 281 (3.76%) Confluence
5 258 (3.46%) nginx
6 233 (3.12%) Tomcat
7 168 (2.25%) Cloud Foundry
8 139 (1.86%) SAS
9 102 (1.37%) OpenStack
10 87 (1.17%) WebSphere
11 81 (1.08%) Apache Solr
11 81 (1.08%) JBoss
12 75 (1.00%) IIS
13 62 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
14 56 (0.75%) WebLogic
15 53 (0.71%) Apache Pig
16 51 (0.68%) CMS
17 48 (0.64%) Jupyter
18 32 (0.43%) SharePoint
19 29 (0.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 193 (2.59%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (0.76%) MS Visio
3 43 (0.58%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 29 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
5 27 (0.36%) SPSS
6 26 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
7 24 (0.32%) Chatbot
8 11 (0.15%) Simulink
9 8 (0.11%) HipChat
10 7 (0.094%) Spreadsheet
11 6 (0.080%) Maya
12 5 (0.067%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.040%) 3ds Max
13 3 (0.040%) GNU Octave
13 3 (0.040%) Stata
14 2 (0.027%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.027%) Autodesk Smoke
14 2 (0.027%) Doxygen
14 2 (0.027%) Houdini
14 2 (0.027%) NUKE
Business Applications
1 13 (0.17%) ION MarketView
2 12 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 11 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
4 10 (0.13%) AquaLogic BPM
5 8 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
5 8 (0.11%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.080%) Magento
6 6 (0.080%) Markit EDM
7 4 (0.054%) Distributed Ledger
7 4 (0.054%) HFM
7 4 (0.054%) Unica
8 3 (0.040%) Dynamics AX
8 3 (0.040%) Sentinel
9 2 (0.027%) Global One
9 2 (0.027%) LatentZero
9 2 (0.027%) Oracle EBS
9 2 (0.027%) PolarLake
9 2 (0.027%) Remedy ITSM
9 2 (0.027%) ReMetrica
9 2 (0.027%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 2,268 (30.38%) Amazon AWS
2 817 (10.94%) Microsoft Azure
3 438 (5.87%) Google Cloud Platform
4 410 (5.49%) GitHub
5 392 (5.25%) Amazon EC2
6 383 (5.13%) Amazon S3
7 359 (4.81%) Serverless
8 326 (4.37%) AWS CloudFormation
9 302 (4.05%) AWS Lambda
10 227 (3.04%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 216 (2.89%) PaaS
12 173 (2.32%) OpenShift
13 154 (2.06%) Cloud Computing
14 144 (1.93%) IaaS
15 123 (1.65%) Amazon EMR
16 120 (1.61%) SaaS
17 116 (1.55%) npm
18 92 (1.23%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 89 (1.19%) Amazon ELB
20 81 (1.08%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 253 (3.39%) Firewall
2 243 (3.25%) HTTP
3 211 (2.83%) TCP/IP
4 195 (2.61%) SSL
5 167 (2.24%) DNS
6 136 (1.82%) Internet
7 63 (0.84%) BGP
7 63 (0.84%) VPN
8 61 (0.82%) LAN
9 59 (0.79%) Network Security
10 58 (0.78%) DHCP
10 58 (0.78%) Wireless
11 56 (0.75%) WAN
12 55 (0.74%) MPLS
13 40 (0.54%) OSPF
14 39 (0.52%) SNMP
15 37 (0.50%) Kerberos
16 35 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
17 33 (0.44%) Multicast
18 32 (0.43%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 930 (12.46%) Big Data
2 895 (11.99%) Hadoop
3 631 (8.45%) NoSQL
4 614 (8.22%) PostgreSQL
5 604 (8.09%) MongoDB
6 535 (7.17%) Relational Database
7 533 (7.14%) MySQL
8 473 (6.34%) SQL Server
9 356 (4.77%) Apache Hive
10 321 (4.30%) Apache Cassandra
11 212 (2.84%) Data Warehouse
12 206 (2.76%) Amazon Redshift
13 194 (2.60%) RDBMS
14 172 (2.30%) HBase
15 161 (2.16%) Power BI
15 161 (2.16%) Redis
16 147 (1.97%) Amazon RDS
17 144 (1.93%) Impala
18 121 (1.62%) Data Lake
19 102 (1.37%) Sqoop
Development Applications
1 1,844 (24.70%) Jenkins
2 1,486 (19.90%) Git (software)
3 617 (8.26%) JIRA
4 434 (5.81%) Selenium
5 381 (5.10%) Maven
6 258 (3.46%) Cucumber
7 256 (3.43%) Subversion
8 251 (3.36%) TeamCity
9 230 (3.08%) Sonatype Nexus
10 197 (2.64%) Artifactory
11 188 (2.52%) GitLab
12 184 (2.46%) Bitbucket
13 176 (2.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 153 (2.05%) Gatling
15 139 (1.86%) Gradle
16 134 (1.79%) JUnit
17 128 (1.71%) SonarQube
18 125 (1.67%) Vagrant
19 118 (1.58%) Ant
20 115 (1.54%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,453 (19.46%) Finance
2 698 (9.35%) Banking
3 343 (4.59%) Front Office
4 259 (3.47%) Retail
5 172 (2.30%) Telecoms
6 150 (2.01%) Investment Banking
7 133 (1.78%) Marketing
8 79 (1.06%) Financial Institution
9 69 (0.92%) Games
10 58 (0.78%) Advertising
11 56 (0.75%) Legal
12 55 (0.74%) Publishing
13 46 (0.62%) Electronics
13 46 (0.62%) Law
14 36 (0.48%) Back Office
15 35 (0.47%) Automotive
15 35 (0.47%) Manufacturing
16 25 (0.33%) Retail Banking
17 15 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
18 13 (0.17%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,636 (35.31%) Developer
2 1,492 (19.98%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,192 (15.97%) Python Developer
4 572 (7.66%) AWS Engineer
5 443 (5.93%) Data Engineer
6 426 (5.71%) AWS DevOps
7 419 (5.61%) Python Engineer
8 386 (5.17%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 371 (4.97%) Java Developer
10 332 (4.45%) Software Engineer
11 330 (4.42%) Architect
12 315 (4.22%) Data Scientist
13 304 (4.07%) Analyst
14 264 (3.54%) Senior Developer
15 228 (3.05%) Cloud Engineer
16 191 (2.56%) Linux Engineer
17 185 (2.48%) Consultant
18 179 (2.40%) Django Developer
18 179 (2.40%) Senior DevOps
19 172 (2.30%) C++ Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 632 (8.47%) Node.js
2 593 (7.94%) Web Services
3 570 (7.63%) HTML
4 527 (7.06%) Django
5 479 (6.42%) REST
6 475 (6.36%) Kafka
7 473 (6.34%) CSS
8 407 (5.45%) React
9 399 (5.34%) AngularJS
10 310 (4.15%) Elastic Stack
11 288 (3.86%) .NET
12 284 (3.80%) XML
13 269 (3.60%) JSON
14 262 (3.51%) Spring
15 240 (3.21%) RESTful
16 225 (3.01%) HTML5
17 207 (2.77%) Flask
18 203 (2.72%) Pandas
19 202 (2.71%) NumPy
20 179 (2.40%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 575 (7.70%) Analytical Skills
2 444 (5.95%) Computer Science
3 374 (5.01%) Algorithms
4 292 (3.91%) Greenfield Project
5 210 (2.81%) Derivative
6 203 (2.72%) Linux Command Line
7 183 (2.45%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 168 (2.25%) Data Centre
9 155 (2.08%) Data Structures
10 152 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
11 151 (2.02%) User Experience
12 150 (2.01%) Fixed Income
13 138 (1.85%) Mobile App
14 134 (1.79%) Fintech
14 134 (1.79%) Public Cloud
15 127 (1.70%) Enterprise Software
16 74 (0.99%) Equities
17 72 (0.96%) Cloud Native
18 71 (0.95%) Hedge funds
19 68 (0.91%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2,522 (33.78%) Linux
2 950 (12.72%) Unix
3 856 (11.47%) Windows
4 424 (5.68%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 258 (3.46%) CentOS
6 204 (2.73%) Ubuntu
7 122 (1.63%) Android
8 97 (1.30%) Windows Server
9 94 (1.26%) Apple iOS
10 80 (1.07%) Solaris
11 49 (0.66%) Debian
12 27 (0.36%) AIX
13 25 (0.33%) CoreOS
14 22 (0.29%) VMS
15 21 (0.28%) Mac OS X
16 20 (0.27%) DC/OS
16 20 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
17 19 (0.25%) Fedora
18 17 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
19 16 (0.21%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,561 (34.30%) Agile Software Development
2 2,477 (33.18%) DevOps
3 1,207 (16.17%) Continuous Integration
4 1,019 (13.65%) Test Automation
5 857 (11.48%) Analytics
6 855 (11.45%) TDD
7 809 (10.84%) Configuration Management
8 799 (10.70%) Scrum
9 757 (10.14%) Open Source
10 753 (10.09%) Software Engineering
11 723 (9.68%) Data Science
12 693 (9.28%) Microservices
13 568 (7.61%) Machine Learning
14 531 (7.11%) Problem-Solving
15 469 (6.28%) ETL
16 463 (6.20%) OO
17 436 (5.84%) BDD
18 423 (5.67%) Continuous Delivery
19 408 (5.46%) SDLC
20 384 (5.14%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 2,411 (32.29%) Java
2 1,790 (23.98%) SQL
3 1,276 (17.09%) Bash Shell
4 1,224 (16.39%) JavaScript
5 1,052 (14.09%) Ruby
6 955 (12.79%) Perl
7 822 (11.01%) C++
8 755 (10.11%) C#
9 649 (8.69%) Scala
10 490 (6.56%) Go
11 486 (6.51%) R
12 460 (6.16%) PowerShell
13 425 (5.69%) Shell Script
14 395 (5.29%) C
15 294 (3.94%) Groovy
16 286 (3.83%) PHP
17 126 (1.69%) Java 8
17 126 (1.69%) Korn
18 125 (1.67%) MATLAB
19 120 (1.61%) ES6
Qualifications
1 530 (7.10%) Degree
2 480 (6.43%) Security Cleared
3 364 (4.88%) SC Cleared
4 187 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
5 130 (1.74%) PhD
6 116 (1.55%) AWS Certification
7 81 (1.08%) DV Cleared
8 76 (1.02%) Master's Degree
9 69 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
10 51 (0.68%) CISSP
11 44 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
12 43 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
13 37 (0.50%) CCNP
14 33 (0.44%) CCNA
15 30 (0.40%) ISTQB
16 27 (0.36%) CISM
17 26 (0.35%) RHCE
18 20 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
19 16 (0.21%) SANS
20 15 (0.20%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 248 (3.32%) QA
2 83 (1.11%) Data Quality
3 80 (1.07%) GDPR
4 24 (0.32%) SLA
5 19 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 17 (0.23%) MISRA
7 16 (0.21%) FINRA
8 12 (0.16%) MiFID
8 12 (0.16%) MISRA C
8 12 (0.16%) PCI DSS
9 11 (0.15%) EMIR
10 10 (0.13%) HMG Infosec
10 10 (0.13%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 10 (0.13%) JSP 440
11 9 (0.12%) PMO
12 8 (0.11%) IFRS
13 7 (0.094%) Disclosure Scotland
13 7 (0.094%) IFRS 9
14 4 (0.054%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
15 3 (0.040%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 1,748 (23.41%) Docker
2 162 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 133 (1.78%) HDFS
4 103 (1.38%) Active Directory
5 94 (1.26%) Virtual Machines
6 67 (0.90%) Apache Flume
7 45 (0.60%) VirtualBox
8 42 (0.56%) Firmware
8 42 (0.56%) Hyper-V
9 41 (0.55%) vSphere
10 40 (0.54%) NFS
11 31 (0.42%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 28 (0.38%) KVM
12 28 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
13 21 (0.28%) etcd
13 21 (0.28%) Xen
14 20 (0.27%) flannel
15 18 (0.24%) VMware NSX
16 15 (0.20%) LXC
17 11 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
Systems Management
1 1,695 (22.70%) Ansible
2 1,271 (17.02%) Puppet
3 1,063 (14.24%) Terraform
4 1,015 (13.59%) Kubernetes
5 971 (13.01%) Opscode Chef
6 213 (2.85%) Packer
7 210 (2.81%) Nagios
8 196 (2.63%) Kibana
9 189 (2.53%) Grafana
10 183 (2.45%) Salt
11 169 (2.26%) Prometheus
12 131 (1.75%) ZABBIX
13 123 (1.65%) logstash
14 120 (1.61%) Mesos
15 112 (1.50%) Hadoop YARN
16 77 (1.03%) Rancher
17 67 (0.90%) Consul
18 63 (0.84%) Docker Swarm
19 55 (0.74%) HAProxy
20 52 (0.70%) Icinga
Vendors
1 663 (8.88%) Oracle
2 485 (6.50%) Google
3 406 (5.44%) Red Hat
4 395 (5.29%) Splunk
5 391 (5.24%) Microsoft
6 250 (3.35%) VMware
7 220 (2.95%) Tableau
8 187 (2.50%) Cloudera
9 149 (2.00%) IBM
10 134 (1.79%) Cisco
11 125 (1.67%) New Relic
12 115 (1.54%) Atlassian
13 105 (1.41%) SaltStack
14 91 (1.22%) Hortonworks
15 78 (1.04%) Adobe
16 73 (0.98%) Informatica
17 69 (0.92%) Sybase
18 61 (0.82%) Alteryx
19 58 (0.78%) CA
19 58 (0.78%) Teradata