Period
to 25 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 25 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
25 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 27 31 47
Rank change year-on-year +4 +16 +18
Contract jobs citing Python 6,629 5,364 4,095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.63% 5.63% 3.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 15.76% 13.83% 9.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,747 3,708 2,860
UK median daily rate £525 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.53% +2.70% +2.78%
10th Percentile £363 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £625 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +11.76% +3.03% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 162 74 100
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00
10th Percentile £24.50 £25.95 £25.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £47.50 £55.08
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £40.00

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,068 38,782 41,512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.08% 40.74% 38.45%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,575 26,696 28,269
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.24% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £290 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £382 £375
% change year-on-year +4.71% +1.87% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 765 858 1,043
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.80 £15.00 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.61 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +10.29%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 25 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 25 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +7 6,231 £525 +9.38% 2,537
London +3 4,191 £550 +10.00% 1,297
UK excluding London +4 2,370 £475 +11.76% 1,368
South East -4 680 £475 +7.04% 366
North of England +6 594 £483 +13.53% 260
North West +12 285 £500 +17.65% 151
East of England +4 277 £450 +1.12% 337
Yorkshire -9 266 £470 +9.30% 96
South West +15 254 £450 - 171
Scotland -1 244 £425 +6.25% 86
Midlands +33 235 £500 +11.11% 105
West Midlands +33 151 £500 +11.11% 63
Wales -3 78 £475 -5.00% 24
East Midlands +5 72 £500 +25.00% 41
North East +34 47 £535 +30.49% 13
Northern Ireland -20 18 £400 +3.90% 19

For the 6 months to 25 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,465 (37.19%) Linux
2 2,338 (35.27%) Java
3 2,230 (33.64%) Agile Software Development
4 2,185 (32.96%) DevOps
5 1,862 (28.09%) Amazon AWS
6 1,481 (22.34%) Jenkins
7 1,426 (21.51%) SQL
8 1,402 (21.15%) Ruby
9 1,378 (20.79%) Docker
10 1,362 (20.55%) Ansible
11 1,338 (20.18%) Git (software)
12 1,275 (19.23%) Bash Shell
13 1,244 (18.77%) Finance
14 1,080 (16.29%) Puppet
15 1,079 (16.28%) Continuous Integration
16 1,071 (16.16%) JavaScript
17 952 (14.36%) Unix
18 898 (13.55%) Perl
19 847 (12.78%) Configuration Management
20 826 (12.46%) Big Data
21 801 (12.08%) TDD
22 800 (12.07%) Test Automation
23 776 (11.71%) Opscode Chef
24 753 (11.36%) C#
25 749 (11.30%) C++
26 732 (11.04%) Open Source
27 723 (10.91%) Banking
28 711 (10.73%) Analytics
29 707 (10.67%) Windows
30 702 (10.59%) Hadoop

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 687 (10.36%) Apache Spark
2 403 (6.08%) Apache
3 342 (5.16%) Confluence
4 276 (4.16%) nginx
5 227 (3.42%) Elasticsearch
6 222 (3.35%) Tomcat
7 128 (1.93%) OpenStack
8 122 (1.84%) Cloud Foundry
9 113 (1.70%) SAS
10 88 (1.33%) Apache Pig
11 84 (1.27%) Jupyter
12 83 (1.25%) JBoss
13 56 (0.84%) IIS
14 55 (0.83%) WebSphere
15 43 (0.65%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 41 (0.62%) Apache Solr
17 40 (0.60%) CMS
18 38 (0.57%) Apache Airflow
18 38 (0.57%) WebLogic
19 29 (0.44%) Jetty
Applications
1 160 (2.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 38 (0.57%) Spreadsheet
3 29 (0.44%) SPSS
4 27 (0.41%) Microsoft Office
5 23 (0.35%) HipChat
6 15 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 13 (0.20%) Simulink
8 12 (0.18%) Photoshop
9 9 (0.14%) Chatbot
10 8 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
11 7 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
11 7 (0.11%) Stata
12 6 (0.091%) Doxygen
13 5 (0.075%) CINEMA 4D
13 5 (0.075%) Weka
14 4 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.060%) Vectorworks
15 3 (0.045%) Houdini
15 3 (0.045%) Maya
15 3 (0.045%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 29 (0.44%) Payment Gateway
2 19 (0.29%) RMDS
3 13 (0.20%) Magento
4 9 (0.14%) ReMetrica
5 8 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 8 (0.12%) Temenos T24
6 7 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
6 7 (0.11%) ION MarketView
6 7 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 6 (0.091%) SAP ERP
7 6 (0.091%) Summit
7 6 (0.091%) SunGard GMI
8 4 (0.060%) HiPortfolio
8 4 (0.060%) Odoo
9 3 (0.045%) BondVision
9 3 (0.045%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.045%) Radian6
10 2 (0.030%) R3 Corda
10 2 (0.030%) Relativity
10 2 (0.030%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 1,862 (28.09%) Amazon AWS
2 594 (8.96%) Microsoft Azure
3 320 (4.83%) GitHub
4 285 (4.30%) Amazon EC2
5 265 (4.00%) Serverless
6 264 (3.98%) AWS CloudFormation
7 247 (3.73%) Amazon S3
8 239 (3.61%) Google Cloud Platform
9 206 (3.11%) AWS Lambda
10 202 (3.05%) PaaS
11 158 (2.38%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 131 (1.98%) IaaS
13 124 (1.87%) Cloud Computing
14 116 (1.75%) OpenShift
15 115 (1.73%) Route 53
16 92 (1.39%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 87 (1.31%) SaaS
18 69 (1.04%) Amazon ELB
19 56 (0.84%) npm
20 52 (0.78%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 292 (4.40%) TCP/IP
2 254 (3.83%) HTTP
3 237 (3.58%) Firewall
4 194 (2.93%) DNS
5 143 (2.16%) SSL
6 112 (1.69%) Internet
7 76 (1.15%) Network Security
8 75 (1.13%) DHCP
9 73 (1.10%) Wireless
10 70 (1.06%) WAN
11 67 (1.01%) LAN
12 64 (0.97%) VPN
13 58 (0.87%) SAN
14 43 (0.65%) VLAN
15 39 (0.59%) Kerberos
16 36 (0.54%) SMS
17 35 (0.53%) MPLS
18 34 (0.51%) BIG-IP
19 32 (0.48%) Bluetooth
20 31 (0.47%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 826 (12.46%) Big Data
2 702 (10.59%) Hadoop
3 543 (8.19%) NoSQL
4 538 (8.12%) MySQL
5 483 (7.29%) PostgreSQL
6 459 (6.92%) Relational Database
7 435 (6.56%) MongoDB
8 431 (6.50%) SQL Server
9 287 (4.33%) Apache Hive
10 252 (3.80%) Data Warehouse
11 223 (3.36%) Apache Cassandra
12 189 (2.85%) RDBMS
13 188 (2.84%) Amazon RDS
14 158 (2.38%) HBase
15 133 (2.01%) Oracle Database
16 114 (1.72%) Redis
17 113 (1.70%) Power BI
18 111 (1.67%) Amazon Redshift
19 87 (1.31%) Data Mining
20 72 (1.09%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,481 (22.34%) Jenkins
2 1,338 (20.18%) Git (software)
3 603 (9.10%) JIRA
4 320 (4.83%) Maven
5 271 (4.09%) TeamCity
6 267 (4.03%) Selenium
7 262 (3.95%) Subversion
8 221 (3.33%) Sonatype Nexus
9 175 (2.64%) Cucumber
10 138 (2.08%) Artifactory
11 136 (2.05%) JUnit
12 125 (1.89%) Bitbucket
13 121 (1.83%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 119 (1.80%) Gradle
15 108 (1.63%) Ant
16 107 (1.61%) GitLab
17 104 (1.57%) SonarQube
18 99 (1.49%) Visual Studio
19 79 (1.19%) Vagrant
20 72 (1.09%) WebDriver
General
1 1,244 (18.77%) Finance
2 723 (10.91%) Banking
3 371 (5.60%) Front Office
4 272 (4.10%) Investment Banking
5 174 (2.62%) Retail
6 163 (2.46%) Telecoms
7 146 (2.20%) Marketing
8 106 (1.60%) Games
9 100 (1.51%) Publishing
10 98 (1.48%) Electronics
11 76 (1.15%) Manufacturing
12 53 (0.80%) Financial Institution
13 44 (0.66%) Law
13 44 (0.66%) Retail Banking
14 31 (0.47%) Advertising
14 31 (0.47%) Automotive
15 29 (0.44%) Back Office
16 22 (0.33%) French Language
17 21 (0.32%) Legal
18 18 (0.27%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,194 (33.10%) Developer
2 1,347 (20.32%) DevOps Engineer
3 927 (13.98%) Python Developer
4 529 (7.98%) AWS Engineer
5 441 (6.65%) AWS DevOps
6 408 (6.15%) Data Engineer
7 390 (5.88%) AWS DevOps Engineer
8 362 (5.46%) Java Developer
9 350 (5.28%) Analyst
10 331 (4.99%) Data Scientist
11 303 (4.57%) Linux Engineer
12 288 (4.34%) Architect
13 247 (3.73%) Senior Developer
14 230 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
15 219 (3.30%) Linux/Unix DevOps
16 208 (3.14%) Consultant
17 207 (3.12%) Senior DevOps
18 202 (3.05%) Software Engineer
19 188 (2.84%) Big Data Engineer
20 186 (2.81%) Linux DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 646 (9.75%) Web Services
2 548 (8.27%) HTML
3 495 (7.47%) Node.js
4 456 (6.88%) CSS
5 374 (5.64%) Django
6 357 (5.39%) REST
7 338 (5.10%) Kafka
8 302 (4.56%) .NET
9 290 (4.37%) RESTful
10 281 (4.24%) AngularJS
11 266 (4.01%) XML
12 259 (3.91%) Elastic Stack
13 256 (3.86%) React
14 237 (3.58%) JSON
15 227 (3.42%) Spring
16 214 (3.23%) HTML5
17 204 (3.08%) Flask
18 166 (2.50%) Pandas
19 151 (2.28%) jQuery
20 147 (2.22%) NumPy
Miscellaneous
1 609 (9.19%) Analytical Skills
2 404 (6.09%) Computer Science
3 279 (4.21%) Algorithms
4 201 (3.03%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 183 (2.76%) Derivative
6 159 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
7 158 (2.38%) Fixed Income
8 154 (2.32%) Public Cloud
9 122 (1.84%) Fintech
10 119 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
11 116 (1.75%) User Experience
12 115 (1.73%) Data Centre
13 113 (1.70%) Data Structures
14 107 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
15 91 (1.37%) Management Information System
16 86 (1.30%) Mobile App
17 83 (1.25%) Equities
18 68 (1.03%) Clustering
18 68 (1.03%) Private Cloud
19 65 (0.98%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 2,465 (37.19%) Linux
2 952 (14.36%) Unix
3 707 (10.67%) Windows
4 434 (6.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 245 (3.70%) CentOS
6 136 (2.05%) Ubuntu
7 80 (1.21%) Windows Server
8 75 (1.13%) Android
9 74 (1.12%) Solaris
10 68 (1.03%) Mac OS X
11 45 (0.68%) CoreOS
12 41 (0.62%) Apple iOS
12 41 (0.62%) Debian
13 34 (0.51%) AIX
13 34 (0.51%) Windows Server 2008
14 30 (0.45%) Windows Server 2012
15 19 (0.29%) Windows 10
16 17 (0.26%) Windows 7
17 15 (0.23%) Embedded Linux
18 14 (0.21%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,230 (33.64%) Agile Software Development
2 2,185 (32.96%) DevOps
3 1,079 (16.28%) Continuous Integration
4 847 (12.78%) Configuration Management
5 801 (12.08%) TDD
6 800 (12.07%) Test Automation
7 732 (11.04%) Open Source
8 711 (10.73%) Analytics
9 616 (9.29%) Data Science
10 608 (9.17%) Scrum
11 539 (8.13%) Machine Learning
12 527 (7.95%) Continuous Delivery
13 525 (7.92%) Software Engineering
14 414 (6.25%) Microservices
15 368 (5.55%) OO
16 347 (5.23%) Mathematics
17 323 (4.87%) BDD
18 315 (4.75%) Business Intelligence
18 315 (4.75%) ETL
19 305 (4.60%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,338 (35.27%) Java
2 1,426 (21.51%) SQL
3 1,402 (21.15%) Ruby
4 1,275 (19.23%) Bash Shell
5 1,071 (16.16%) JavaScript
6 898 (13.55%) Perl
7 753 (11.36%) C#
8 749 (11.30%) C++
9 638 (9.62%) Scala
10 549 (8.28%) R
11 348 (5.25%) PHP
12 345 (5.20%) Groovy
12 345 (5.20%) Shell Script
13 335 (5.05%) Go
14 328 (4.95%) PowerShell
15 269 (4.06%) C
16 140 (2.11%) VBA
17 93 (1.40%) MATLAB
18 87 (1.31%) PL/SQL
19 71 (1.07%) Korn
Qualifications
1 544 (8.21%) Degree
2 455 (6.86%) Security Cleared
3 299 (4.51%) SC Cleared
4 128 (1.93%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (1.67%) PhD
6 76 (1.15%) AWS Certification
7 75 (1.13%) Master's Degree
8 59 (0.89%) Numerate Degree
9 54 (0.81%) Cisco Certification
10 45 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
11 43 (0.65%) CISSP
12 33 (0.50%) CCNP
12 33 (0.50%) DV Cleared
12 33 (0.50%) ISTQB
13 21 (0.32%) ISEB
14 19 (0.29%) CISM
14 19 (0.29%) SANS
15 16 (0.24%) CCSP
16 15 (0.23%) CCNA
17 14 (0.21%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 276 (4.16%) QA
2 68 (1.03%) GCP
3 63 (0.95%) Data Quality
4 47 (0.71%) MiFID
5 37 (0.56%) GDPR
6 31 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
7 25 (0.38%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 22 (0.33%) PCI DSS
9 15 (0.23%) SLA
10 14 (0.21%) EMIR
11 10 (0.15%) ISO 26262
12 9 (0.14%) CESG Infosec
12 9 (0.14%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 8 (0.12%) GAAP
13 8 (0.12%) Solvency II
14 7 (0.11%) MISRA
15 6 (0.091%) PMO
16 5 (0.075%) Dodd-Frank
16 5 (0.075%) IEC 62304
16 5 (0.075%) MISRA C
System Software
1 1,378 (20.79%) Docker
2 143 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
3 114 (1.72%) HDFS
4 103 (1.55%) Apache Flume
5 88 (1.33%) Virtual Machines
6 72 (1.09%) Active Directory
7 39 (0.59%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 37 (0.56%) Firmware
9 27 (0.41%) KVM
10 25 (0.38%) Hyper-V
10 25 (0.38%) NFS
10 25 (0.38%) VMware ESXi
11 24 (0.36%) VMware NSX
12 21 (0.32%) Xen
13 17 (0.26%) etcd
13 17 (0.26%) vSphere
14 15 (0.23%) Varnish
14 15 (0.23%) vCloud
15 14 (0.21%) Samba
15 14 (0.21%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 1,362 (20.55%) Ansible
2 1,080 (16.29%) Puppet
3 776 (11.71%) Opscode Chef
4 623 (9.40%) Kubernetes
5 586 (8.84%) Terraform
6 158 (2.38%) Kibana
7 139 (2.10%) logstash
7 139 (2.10%) Nagios
8 115 (1.73%) Mesos
9 114 (1.72%) Packer
10 110 (1.66%) Grafana
11 107 (1.61%) Salt
12 91 (1.37%) Oozie
13 87 (1.31%) ZABBIX
14 69 (1.04%) Prometheus
15 68 (1.03%) Rancher
16 63 (0.95%) Hadoop YARN
17 58 (0.87%) Consul
18 57 (0.86%) HAProxy
19 56 (0.84%) HP ALM
Vendors
1 576 (8.69%) Oracle
2 374 (5.64%) Red Hat
3 321 (4.84%) Google
4 310 (4.68%) Splunk
5 301 (4.54%) Microsoft
6 216 (3.26%) VMware
7 210 (3.17%) Tableau
8 180 (2.72%) Atlassian
9 124 (1.87%) Cloudera
10 122 (1.84%) IBM
11 97 (1.46%) Cisco
12 92 (1.39%) SAP
13 85 (1.28%) SaltStack
14 80 (1.21%) HP
15 70 (1.06%) Sybase
16 68 (1.03%) Hortonworks
17 67 (1.01%) F5
18 66 (1.00%) New Relic
19 65 (0.98%) TIBCO
20 47 (0.71%) CA