Period
to 23 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 23 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
23 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 12 14 22
Rank change year-on-year +2 +8 +8
Contract jobs citing Python 3,366 7,639 7,317
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.33% 8.68% 7.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.79% 20.60% 16.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,626 5,252 5,061
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £350 £385 £363
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 110 139 130
Median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +8.43% +2.47%
10th Percentile £20.00 £21.18 £17.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £53.75 £52.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £41.25
% change year-on-year -22.22% +9.09% -1.79%

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 12,564 37,086 44,950
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.29% 42.16% 44.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,279 25,656 31,601
Median daily rate £488 £475 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% - +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £320 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +1.18% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 323 675 710
Median hourly rate £35.00 £44.00 £41.53
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.45% +5.95% +3.83%
10th Percentile £14.00 £20.26 £16.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £55.80 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +3.57% +4.35%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Python.

Daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Python.

Hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 23 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 23 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3,031 £525 -2.33% 1,571
London +4 2,113 £550 - 778
UK excluding London +11 1,023 £450 -5.26% 896
Work from Home +1 504 £500 - 240
North of England +5 291 £450 -5.26% 201
South East +4 218 £463 -2.63% 196
South West +14 162 £481 -8.43% 143
North West +10 152 £475 +2.70% 94
Yorkshire +4 113 £425 -15.00% 82
Scotland -1 113 £400 -14.89% 75
East of England +6 101 £445 -11.00% 147
Midlands +35 69 £438 -7.89% 102
West Midlands +37 52 £450 -5.26% 74
Wales +8 49 £450 - 25
Northern Ireland +12 25 £400 -30.43% 7
North East +10 24 £450 -6.25% 25
East Midlands +15 15 £405 -15.84% 28

For the 6 months to 23 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 1,281 (38.06%) AWS
2 1,210 (35.95%) Java
3 1,119 (33.24%) Agile Software Development
4 1,065 (31.64%) DevOps
5 966 (28.70%) SQL
6 945 (28.07%) Finance
7 792 (23.53%) Azure
8 702 (20.86%) Linux
9 661 (19.64%) Kubernetes
10 637 (18.92%) Docker
11 626 (18.60%) JavaScript
12 606 (18.00%) Jenkins
13 603 (17.91%) Software Engineering
14 561 (16.67%) Web Services
15 541 (16.07%) Banking
15 541 (16.07%) Terraform
16 478 (14.20%) GCP
17 467 (13.87%) Git (software)
18 453 (13.46%) Asset Management
19 452 (13.43%) Ansible
20 426 (12.66%) Front Office
21 425 (12.63%) Analytics
22 424 (12.60%) Security Cleared
23 406 (12.06%) Microservices
24 389 (11.56%) Serverless
25 382 (11.35%) Derivative
26 379 (11.26%) Fixed Income
27 373 (11.08%) Test Automation
28 358 (10.64%) Bash Shell
29 354 (10.52%) Hedge funds

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 262 (7.78%) Apache Spark
2 196 (5.82%) Apache
3 158 (4.69%) Confluence
4 113 (3.36%) Elasticsearch
5 70 (2.08%) Cloud Foundry
6 69 (2.05%) Tomcat
7 64 (1.90%) SAS
8 44 (1.31%) nginx
9 32 (0.95%) Jupyter
10 28 (0.83%) Apache Airflow
11 22 (0.65%) CMS
12 20 (0.59%) Mule
13 18 (0.53%) JBoss
14 17 (0.51%) SharePoint
15 16 (0.48%) OpenStack
16 15 (0.45%) IIS
16 15 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 14 (0.42%) Apache Pig
18 13 (0.39%) ArcGIS
19 12 (0.36%) WebLogic
Applications
1 82 (2.44%) Microsoft Excel
2 22 (0.65%) Microsoft Office
3 12 (0.36%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 11 (0.33%) Chatbot
5 10 (0.30%) MS Visio
6 5 (0.15%) Maya
7 3 (0.089%) Spreadsheet
7 3 (0.089%) SPSS
8 2 (0.059%) LaTeX
8 2 (0.059%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.059%) Stata
8 2 (0.059%) Windchill
9 1 (0.030%) Blender
9 1 (0.030%) CPLEX
9 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 27 (0.80%) Markit EDM
2 26 (0.77%) Eagle PACE
3 12 (0.36%) SunGard Martini
4 8 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
5 5 (0.15%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
6 4 (0.12%) ContrOCC
6 4 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
6 4 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 3 (0.089%) Adobe Campaign
7 3 (0.089%) Magento
7 3 (0.089%) Oracle 11i
7 3 (0.089%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.059%) Dynamics AX
8 2 (0.059%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.059%) OpenText Process Suite
8 2 (0.059%) Oracle ERP
8 2 (0.059%) StreamServe
8 2 (0.059%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 1,281 (38.06%) AWS
2 792 (23.53%) Azure
3 478 (14.20%) GCP
4 389 (11.56%) Serverless
5 342 (10.16%) AWS Lambda
6 229 (6.80%) Amazon S3
7 195 (5.79%) Amazon EC2
8 189 (5.61%) AWS CloudFormation
9 167 (4.96%) Amazon ECS
10 151 (4.49%) OpenShift
11 133 (3.95%) Power Platform
12 110 (3.27%) GitHub
13 74 (2.20%) Amazon SQS
13 74 (2.20%) Apigee
14 72 (2.14%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 72 (2.14%) PaaS
15 63 (1.87%) Azure Data Factory
16 58 (1.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 55 (1.63%) Amazon EKS
18 54 (1.60%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 113 (3.36%) DNS
2 100 (2.97%) Firewall
3 96 (2.85%) HTTP
4 66 (1.96%) TCP/IP
5 55 (1.63%) DHCP
6 36 (1.07%) Network Security
7 35 (1.04%) SSL
8 34 (1.01%) BGP
9 32 (0.95%) VPN
9 32 (0.95%) WAN
10 27 (0.80%) LAN
11 26 (0.77%) SNMP
12 24 (0.71%) SSH
13 23 (0.68%) IPv4
13 23 (0.68%) IPv6
14 22 (0.65%) OSPF
14 22 (0.65%) VLAN
15 21 (0.62%) Cisco Nexus
16 19 (0.56%) Internet
17 18 (0.53%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 342 (10.16%) Big Data
2 274 (8.14%) PostgreSQL
3 264 (7.84%) Hadoop
3 264 (7.84%) SQL Server
4 250 (7.43%) MySQL
5 197 (5.85%) Amazon Redshift
6 186 (5.53%) NoSQL
7 164 (4.87%) Relational Database
8 163 (4.84%) Data Warehouse
9 144 (4.28%) Amazon RDS
10 136 (4.04%) MongoDB
11 133 (3.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 132 (3.92%) Power BI
13 111 (3.30%) Apache Hive
14 82 (2.44%) Data Lake
15 65 (1.93%) RDBMS
16 64 (1.90%) Oracle Database
17 58 (1.72%) Impala
18 53 (1.57%) Azure SQL Database
19 52 (1.54%) BigQuery
Development Applications
1 606 (18.00%) Jenkins
2 467 (13.87%) Git (software)
3 250 (7.43%) JIRA
4 229 (6.80%) GitLab
5 161 (4.78%) Artifactory
6 92 (2.73%) RStudio
7 89 (2.64%) Maven
8 74 (2.20%) Bitbucket
9 72 (2.14%) JUnit
10 64 (1.90%) Subversion
10 64 (1.90%) TeamCity
11 58 (1.72%) Gradle
11 58 (1.72%) Selenium
12 55 (1.63%) Cucumber
12 55 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
13 45 (1.34%) CircleCI
14 39 (1.16%) SonarQube
15 37 (1.10%) Vagrant
16 36 (1.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 29 (0.86%) Visual Studio
General
1 945 (28.07%) Finance
2 541 (16.07%) Banking
3 426 (12.66%) Front Office
4 261 (7.75%) Investment Banking
5 155 (4.60%) Public Sector
6 83 (2.47%) Back Office
7 62 (1.84%) Telecoms
8 61 (1.81%) Marketing
9 39 (1.16%) Retail
10 36 (1.07%) Manufacturing
11 34 (1.01%) Games
12 33 (0.98%) Electronics
13 27 (0.80%) Law
13 27 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
14 25 (0.74%) Financial Institution
14 25 (0.74%) French Language
15 22 (0.65%) Aerospace
16 20 (0.59%) Advertising
17 17 (0.51%) Legal
18 10 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 1,197 (35.56%) Developer
2 525 (15.60%) Python Developer
3 349 (10.37%) AWS Engineer
4 347 (10.31%) DevOps Engineer
5 319 (9.48%) Data Engineer
6 285 (8.47%) Python Engineer
7 264 (7.84%) Software Engineer
8 226 (6.71%) AWS Developer
9 180 (5.35%) Java Developer
10 177 (5.26%) Analyst
11 169 (5.02%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 162 (4.81%) Architect
13 143 (4.25%) Cloud Engineer
14 122 (3.62%) AWS DevOps
14 122 (3.62%) Data Scientist
15 118 (3.51%) Java Engineer
15 118 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
16 112 (3.33%) Senior Developer
17 96 (2.85%) AWS Software Engineer
18 92 (2.73%) Python Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 561 (16.67%) Web Services
2 330 (9.80%) AngularJS
2 330 (9.80%) React
3 261 (7.75%) Node.js
4 221 (6.57%) REST
5 190 (5.64%) .NET
6 180 (5.35%) HTML
7 162 (4.81%) Vue.js
8 154 (4.58%) Kafka
9 137 (4.07%) CSS
10 133 (3.95%) Django
11 131 (3.89%) Spring
12 114 (3.39%) gRPC
12 114 (3.39%) RESTful
13 110 (3.27%) PySpark
14 108 (3.21%) Pandas
15 107 (3.18%) JSON
16 104 (3.09%) OAuth
17 102 (3.03%) Spring Boot
18 96 (2.85%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 382 (11.35%) Derivative
2 379 (11.26%) Fixed Income
3 354 (10.52%) Hedge funds
4 304 (9.03%) Equities
5 261 (7.75%) Analytical Skills
6 236 (7.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 156 (4.63%) Greenfield Project
8 118 (3.51%) Algorithms
9 86 (2.55%) Mobile App
10 79 (2.35%) Linux Command Line
11 78 (2.32%) User Experience
12 71 (2.11%) Cloud Native
13 58 (1.72%) Public Cloud
14 55 (1.63%) Management Information System
15 51 (1.52%) Data Structures
16 50 (1.49%) Blog
17 47 (1.40%) Reference Data
18 45 (1.34%) Enterprise Software
19 42 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
20 37 (1.10%) Credit Derivative
Operating Systems
1 702 (20.86%) Linux
2 230 (6.83%) Windows
3 215 (6.39%) Unix
4 127 (3.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 91 (2.70%) CentOS
6 63 (1.87%) Android
7 55 (1.63%) Apple iOS
8 53 (1.57%) Windows Server
9 33 (0.98%) Ubuntu
10 28 (0.83%) Windows Server 2016
11 27 (0.80%) Debian
12 19 (0.56%) Solaris
13 18 (0.53%) Mac OS X
14 17 (0.51%) Windows Server 2012
15 15 (0.45%) Mac OS
16 13 (0.39%) Windows 10
17 6 (0.18%) Embedded Linux
17 6 (0.18%) Oracle Linux
18 5 (0.15%) Amazon Linux
18 5 (0.15%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,119 (33.24%) Agile Software Development
2 1,065 (31.64%) DevOps
3 603 (17.91%) Software Engineering
4 453 (13.46%) Asset Management
5 425 (12.63%) Analytics
6 406 (12.06%) Microservices
7 373 (11.08%) Test Automation
8 354 (10.52%) Data Science
9 317 (9.42%) Investment Management
10 293 (8.70%) Machine Learning
11 288 (8.56%) Scrum
12 249 (7.40%) Continuous Integration
13 226 (6.71%) TDD
14 220 (6.54%) ETL
14 220 (6.54%) Open Source
15 218 (6.48%) Business Intelligence
16 206 (6.12%) Problem-Solving
17 200 (5.94%) Infrastructure as Code
18 192 (5.70%) Visualisation
19 187 (5.56%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 1,210 (35.95%) Java
2 966 (28.70%) SQL
3 626 (18.60%) JavaScript
4 358 (10.64%) Bash Shell
5 322 (9.57%) R
6 316 (9.39%) C#
7 297 (8.82%) C++
8 228 (6.77%) Perl
9 225 (6.68%) PowerShell
10 178 (5.29%) Ruby
11 177 (5.26%) Scala
12 165 (4.90%) Go
13 153 (4.55%) Shell Script
14 141 (4.19%) C
15 114 (3.39%) Kotlin
16 105 (3.12%) TypeScript
17 91 (2.70%) VBA
18 87 (2.58%) PHP
19 78 (2.32%) Groovy
20 68 (2.02%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 424 (12.60%) Security Cleared
2 313 (9.30%) SC Cleared
3 218 (6.48%) Degree
4 80 (2.38%) DV Cleared
5 68 (2.02%) Computer Science Degree
6 40 (1.19%) AWS Certification
7 36 (1.07%) Numerate Degree
8 34 (1.01%) PhD
9 31 (0.92%) Cisco Certification
10 30 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
11 24 (0.71%) Master's Degree
11 24 (0.71%) Sun Certification
12 22 (0.65%) CCNP
13 20 (0.59%) CCIE
14 18 (0.53%) CCNA
15 15 (0.45%) CCA
16 13 (0.39%) DBS Check
17 10 (0.30%) CCDA
17 10 (0.30%) PMI Certification
18 9 (0.27%) CCIE Routing and Switching
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 119 (3.54%) QA
2 52 (1.54%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.59%) GDPR
4 19 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.53%) SLA
6 10 (0.30%) NIST
6 10 (0.30%) PCI DSS
7 9 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials
8 8 (0.24%) HIPAA
9 5 (0.15%) PSD2
10 4 (0.12%) Disclosure Scotland
10 4 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 3 (0.089%) ISO 20022
11 3 (0.089%) ISO 9001
12 2 (0.059%) AICPA
12 2 (0.059%) COBIT
12 2 (0.059%) SEPA
13 1 (0.030%) FINREP
13 1 (0.030%) HL7
13 1 (0.030%) TARGET2
System Software
1 637 (18.92%) Docker
2 97 (2.88%) Active Directory
3 75 (2.23%) VMware Infrastructure
4 35 (1.04%) Virtual Machines
5 34 (1.01%) HDFS
6 26 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 18 (0.53%) Hyper-V
8 16 (0.48%) vSphere
9 14 (0.42%) VMware NSX
10 12 (0.36%) VMware ESXi
11 11 (0.33%) NFS
12 10 (0.30%) VMware Workstation
13 8 (0.24%) OpenAM
14 5 (0.15%) GeoWebCache
14 5 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
14 5 (0.15%) Samba
15 4 (0.12%) Firmware
15 4 (0.12%) vCloud
15 4 (0.12%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 4 (0.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 661 (19.64%) Kubernetes
2 541 (16.07%) Terraform
3 452 (13.43%) Ansible
4 236 (7.01%) Puppet
5 159 (4.72%) Opscode Chef
6 76 (2.26%) Prometheus
7 68 (2.02%) Packer
8 65 (1.93%) Grafana
9 59 (1.75%) Kibana
10 41 (1.22%) Salt
11 32 (0.95%) logstash
12 29 (0.86%) Nagios
13 22 (0.65%) Single Sign-On
14 17 (0.51%) Consul
15 14 (0.42%) Rundeck
16 13 (0.39%) Argo
16 13 (0.39%) ZABBIX
17 12 (0.36%) SCCM
18 9 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
18 9 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 329 (9.77%) Google
2 271 (8.05%) Oracle
3 189 (5.61%) Microsoft
4 176 (5.23%) Splunk
5 125 (3.71%) Databricks
6 120 (3.57%) Tableau
7 117 (3.48%) Cloudera
8 106 (3.15%) VMware
9 89 (2.64%) Red Hat
10 64 (1.90%) AppDynamics
10 64 (1.90%) Cisco
11 63 (1.87%) Bloomberg
12 61 (1.81%) MuleSoft
13 58 (1.72%) Atlassian
14 53 (1.57%) Hortonworks
15 42 (1.25%) SAP
16 39 (1.16%) F5
17 35 (1.04%) Sybase
18 34 (1.01%) Dell
19 32 (0.95%) SaltStack