Period
to 17 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Python skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Python
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 20 27 34
Rank change year-on-year +7 +7 +15
Contract jobs citing Python 7,519 6,649 5,331
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.70% 6.61% 5.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 17.53% 15.74% 13.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,047 4,755 3,688
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +10.53% +2.15%
10th Percentile £363 £363 £325
90th Percentile £688 £675 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £475 £425
% change year-on-year - +11.76% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 114 162 77
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.75% - -0.62%
10th Percentile £21.25 £24.50 £22.76
90th Percentile £51.25 £52.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.25 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +10.63% - -

Python is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,890 42,247 38,999
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.92% 41.99% 40.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,059 29,686 26,814
UK median daily rate £475 £455 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.40% +7.06% +3.03%
10th Percentile £323 £310 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 694 771 866
UK median hourly rate £42.38 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.96% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.08 £16.75 £14.93
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Python
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Python as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Python.

Contractor daily rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Python in the UK

Python
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Python over the 6 months to 17 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Python in the UK

Python
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Python within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 7,026 £525 - 3,101
London +3 4,554 £550 - 1,503
UK excluding London +10 2,875 £475 - 1,781
South East +9 783 £475 - 436
North of England +3 698 £500 +2.56% 345
South West +7 410 £500 +11.11% 259
Yorkshire +8 331 £463 -2.63% 131
Scotland +9 312 £500 +17.65% 99
Midlands +14 299 £469 -6.25% 168
North West -3 284 £523 +4.60% 183
East of England +4 257 £450 - 389
West Midlands +2 188 £500 +2.46% 100
East Midlands +32 106 £450 -10.00% 67
Wales -5 96 £450 -9.09% 52
North East +23 87 £500 -6.54% 31
Northern Ireland +37 45 £330 -15.42% 33
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 17 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Python also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Python.

1 2,629 (34.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,594 (34.50%) DevOps
3 2,519 (33.50%) Linux
4 2,497 (33.21%) Amazon AWS
5 2,390 (31.79%) Java
6 1,820 (24.21%) Jenkins
7 1,814 (24.13%) Docker
8 1,789 (23.79%) SQL
9 1,645 (21.88%) Ansible
10 1,432 (19.05%) Git (software)
11 1,402 (18.65%) Finance
12 1,222 (16.25%) JavaScript
13 1,216 (16.17%) Bash Shell
14 1,159 (15.41%) Kubernetes
15 1,134 (15.08%) Terraform
16 1,125 (14.96%) Puppet
17 1,121 (14.91%) Test Automation
18 1,022 (13.59%) Microsoft Azure
19 1,019 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
20 1,016 (13.51%) Ruby
21 940 (12.50%) Big Data
22 922 (12.26%) Hadoop
23 877 (11.66%) Perl
24 867 (11.53%) Unix
25 861 (11.45%) Analytics
26 858 (11.41%) Data Science
27 808 (10.75%) Windows
28 803 (10.68%) Software Engineering
29 801 (10.65%) Configuration Management
30 783 (10.41%) Open Source

Python
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 773 (10.28%) Apache Spark
2 434 (5.77%) Elasticsearch
3 406 (5.40%) Apache
4 315 (4.19%) nginx
5 287 (3.82%) Confluence
6 212 (2.82%) Tomcat
7 152 (2.02%) SAS
8 140 (1.86%) Cloud Foundry
9 128 (1.70%) OpenStack
10 83 (1.10%) IIS
10 83 (1.10%) JBoss
11 74 (0.98%) Jupyter
12 73 (0.97%) WebLogic
13 70 (0.93%) WebSphere
14 68 (0.90%) Apache Airflow
15 63 (0.84%) Apache Solr
16 45 (0.60%) SharePoint
17 39 (0.52%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 35 (0.47%) Apache Pig
18 35 (0.47%) Apache Qpid
Applications
1 168 (2.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 56 (0.74%) Microsoft Office
2 56 (0.74%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 35 (0.47%) Chatbot
3 35 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
4 34 (0.45%) MS Visio
5 18 (0.24%) SPSS
6 12 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 11 (0.15%) Maya
8 8 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.080%) InVision
10 5 (0.066%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.066%) Blender
10 5 (0.066%) Simulink
10 5 (0.066%) Stata
10 5 (0.066%) ZBrush
11 4 (0.053%) Houdini
11 4 (0.053%) NUKE
12 3 (0.040%) GNU Octave
12 3 (0.040%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 25 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 23 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
3 12 (0.16%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 11 (0.15%) Actimize
5 9 (0.12%) Endur
5 9 (0.12%) Unica
6 7 (0.093%) Distributed Ledger
7 6 (0.080%) SAP Hybris
8 5 (0.066%) AquaLogic BPM
8 5 (0.066%) Oracle EBS R12
9 4 (0.053%) ION MarketView
9 4 (0.053%) Magento
9 4 (0.053%) NetSuite
10 3 (0.040%) C-CURE
10 3 (0.040%) R3 Corda
10 3 (0.040%) Remedy ITSM
10 3 (0.040%) Sentinel
11 2 (0.027%) Dynamics AX
11 2 (0.027%) Dynamics NAV
11 2 (0.027%) FastStats
Cloud Services
1 2,497 (33.21%) Amazon AWS
2 1,022 (13.59%) Microsoft Azure
3 571 (7.59%) Google Cloud Platform
4 375 (4.99%) Serverless
5 355 (4.72%) AWS CloudFormation
6 328 (4.36%) GitHub
7 322 (4.28%) Amazon S3
8 299 (3.98%) AWS Lambda
9 288 (3.83%) Amazon EC2
10 256 (3.40%) PaaS
11 176 (2.34%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 166 (2.21%) Amazon EMR
13 160 (2.13%) IaaS
14 150 (1.99%) OpenShift
15 125 (1.66%) Cloud Computing
16 124 (1.65%) SaaS
17 98 (1.30%) Datadog
18 95 (1.26%) Amazon CloudWatch
19 81 (1.08%) npm
20 77 (1.02%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 316 (4.20%) HTTP
2 276 (3.67%) Firewall
3 242 (3.22%) TCP/IP
4 216 (2.87%) SSL
5 165 (2.19%) DNS
6 131 (1.74%) Internet
7 120 (1.60%) VPN
8 91 (1.21%) LAN
9 86 (1.14%) DHCP
10 84 (1.12%) WAN
11 83 (1.10%) Wireless
12 70 (0.93%) VLAN
13 65 (0.86%) BGP
14 63 (0.84%) MPLS
15 56 (0.74%) OSPF
16 54 (0.72%) Network Security
17 53 (0.70%) SNMP
18 52 (0.69%) Kerberos
19 51 (0.68%) SSH
20 42 (0.56%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 940 (12.50%) Big Data
2 922 (12.26%) Hadoop
3 662 (8.80%) PostgreSQL
4 597 (7.94%) NoSQL
5 542 (7.21%) MongoDB
6 469 (6.24%) MySQL
7 438 (5.83%) Relational Database
8 414 (5.51%) Apache Hive
9 368 (4.89%) SQL Server
10 313 (4.16%) Apache Cassandra
11 254 (3.38%) Data Warehouse
12 165 (2.19%) HBase
13 163 (2.17%) Redis
14 161 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
15 158 (2.10%) Amazon Redshift
16 139 (1.85%) RDBMS
17 134 (1.78%) Data Lake
18 132 (1.76%) Power BI
19 121 (1.61%) Oracle Database
20 115 (1.53%) Impala
Development Applications
1 1,820 (24.21%) Jenkins
2 1,432 (19.05%) Git (software)
3 640 (8.51%) JIRA
4 412 (5.48%) Selenium
5 399 (5.31%) Maven
6 267 (3.55%) Subversion
7 232 (3.09%) TeamCity
8 230 (3.06%) GitLab
9 227 (3.02%) Sonatype Nexus
10 208 (2.77%) Cucumber
11 169 (2.25%) Bitbucket
12 164 (2.18%) Artifactory
13 150 (1.99%) Gradle
14 148 (1.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 146 (1.94%) Gatling
16 141 (1.88%) gulp
17 133 (1.77%) JUnit
18 125 (1.66%) SonarQube
19 115 (1.53%) Ant
20 97 (1.29%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,402 (18.65%) Finance
2 678 (9.02%) Banking
3 282 (3.75%) Front Office
4 241 (3.21%) Retail
5 155 (2.06%) Investment Banking
5 155 (2.06%) Telecoms
6 151 (2.01%) Marketing
7 77 (1.02%) Legal
8 66 (0.88%) Advertising
9 64 (0.85%) Financial Institution
10 61 (0.81%) Games
10 61 (0.81%) Publishing
11 57 (0.76%) Electronics
11 57 (0.76%) Manufacturing
12 43 (0.57%) Law
13 40 (0.53%) Retail Banking
14 33 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
15 23 (0.31%) Automotive
16 20 (0.27%) Back Office
17 19 (0.25%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 2,323 (30.90%) Developer
2 1,473 (19.59%) DevOps Engineer
3 1,012 (13.46%) Python Developer
4 574 (7.63%) AWS Engineer
5 529 (7.04%) Data Engineer
6 491 (6.53%) Python Engineer
7 442 (5.88%) Architect
8 433 (5.76%) AWS DevOps
9 395 (5.25%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 349 (4.64%) Software Engineer
11 339 (4.51%) Data Scientist
12 295 (3.92%) Analyst
13 272 (3.62%) Java Developer
14 270 (3.59%) Cloud Engineer
15 226 (3.01%) Senior Developer
16 221 (2.94%) Big Data Engineer
17 206 (2.74%) Software Developer
18 202 (2.69%) Consultant
19 181 (2.41%) Senior DevOps
20 164 (2.18%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 662 (8.80%) Node.js
2 592 (7.87%) Web Services
3 583 (7.75%) HTML
4 487 (6.48%) Kafka
5 463 (6.16%) Django
6 454 (6.04%) CSS
7 404 (5.37%) AngularJS
8 398 (5.29%) REST
9 394 (5.24%) React
10 340 (4.52%) .NET
11 337 (4.48%) Elastic Stack
12 330 (4.39%) JSON
13 327 (4.35%) RESTful
14 285 (3.79%) NumPy
15 268 (3.56%) XML
16 266 (3.54%) Pandas
17 261 (3.47%) Flask
18 223 (2.97%) Spring
19 221 (2.94%) HTML5
20 214 (2.85%) PySpark
Miscellaneous
1 629 (8.37%) Analytical Skills
2 362 (4.81%) Algorithms
3 298 (3.96%) Greenfield Project
4 186 (2.47%) Fintech
5 183 (2.43%) User Experience
6 178 (2.37%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 166 (2.21%) Data Structures
7 166 (2.21%) Public Cloud
8 165 (2.19%) Data Centre
9 157 (2.09%) Self-Motivation
10 153 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
11 152 (2.02%) Mobile App
12 143 (1.90%) Derivative
13 94 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
14 93 (1.24%) Hedge funds
15 92 (1.22%) Fixed Income
16 75 (1.00%) Management Information System
17 69 (0.92%) Cloud Native
18 68 (0.90%) PKI
19 65 (0.86%) Hybrid Cloud
Operating Systems
1 2,519 (33.50%) Linux
2 867 (11.53%) Unix
3 808 (10.75%) Windows
4 411 (5.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 216 (2.87%) CentOS
6 166 (2.21%) Ubuntu
7 140 (1.86%) Android
8 116 (1.54%) Apple iOS
9 106 (1.41%) Windows Server
10 50 (0.66%) Mac OS X
11 46 (0.61%) Solaris
12 36 (0.48%) Debian
13 34 (0.45%) Embedded Linux
14 31 (0.41%) CoreOS
15 26 (0.35%) Windows Server 2012
16 22 (0.29%) Fedora
17 17 (0.23%) Kali Linux
18 15 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
19 14 (0.19%) Oracle Linux
19 14 (0.19%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,629 (34.96%) Agile Software Development
2 2,594 (34.50%) DevOps
3 1,121 (14.91%) Test Automation
4 1,019 (13.55%) Continuous Integration
5 861 (11.45%) Analytics
6 858 (11.41%) Data Science
7 803 (10.68%) Software Engineering
8 801 (10.65%) Configuration Management
9 783 (10.41%) Open Source
10 773 (10.28%) TDD
11 730 (9.71%) Microservices
12 703 (9.35%) Machine Learning
13 680 (9.04%) Scrum
14 545 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
15 457 (6.08%) Computer Science
16 443 (5.89%) OO
17 441 (5.87%) Continuous Delivery
18 434 (5.77%) ETL
19 414 (5.51%) BDD
20 350 (4.65%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,390 (31.79%) Java
2 1,789 (23.79%) SQL
3 1,222 (16.25%) JavaScript
4 1,216 (16.17%) Bash Shell
5 1,016 (13.51%) Ruby
6 877 (11.66%) Perl
7 745 (9.91%) C++
8 708 (9.42%) C#
9 642 (8.54%) Scala
10 506 (6.73%) R
11 488 (6.49%) PowerShell
12 471 (6.26%) Go
13 390 (5.19%) Shell Script
14 347 (4.61%) C
15 297 (3.95%) PHP
16 235 (3.13%) Groovy
17 114 (1.52%) Java 8
18 111 (1.48%) ES6
19 109 (1.45%) MATLAB
20 77 (1.02%) VBA
Qualifications
1 632 (8.41%) Security Cleared
2 557 (7.41%) Degree
3 460 (6.12%) SC Cleared
4 178 (2.37%) PhD
5 172 (2.29%) Computer Science Degree
6 144 (1.92%) AWS Certification
7 118 (1.57%) DV Cleared
7 118 (1.57%) Master's Degree
8 73 (0.97%) RHCE
9 72 (0.96%) Cisco Certification
10 70 (0.93%) BPSS Clearance
11 53 (0.70%) CISSP
12 49 (0.65%) CCNP
13 43 (0.57%) Numerate Degree
14 33 (0.44%) CCNA
15 27 (0.36%) CISM
16 25 (0.33%) CCIE
17 21 (0.28%) ISTQB
17 21 (0.28%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 18 (0.24%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 254 (3.38%) QA
2 63 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 50 (0.66%) GDPR
4 30 (0.40%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 29 (0.39%) HMG Infosec
5 29 (0.39%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 29 (0.39%) JSP 440
6 22 (0.29%) PCI DSS
7 17 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
8 11 (0.15%) SLA
9 10 (0.13%) MiFID
10 9 (0.12%) FINRA
10 9 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 8 (0.11%) HIPAA
11 8 (0.11%) IFRS
11 8 (0.11%) MISRA
11 8 (0.11%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 4 (0.053%) PMO
12 4 (0.053%) PSD2
13 3 (0.040%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 1,814 (24.13%) Docker
2 147 (1.96%) Active Directory
3 140 (1.86%) VMware Infrastructure
4 98 (1.30%) HDFS
5 93 (1.24%) Apache Flume
6 90 (1.20%) Virtual Machines
7 45 (0.60%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 45 (0.60%) NFS
8 43 (0.57%) KVM
9 38 (0.51%) Firmware
10 35 (0.47%) Hyper-V
11 31 (0.41%) vSphere
12 28 (0.37%) VirtualBox
12 28 (0.37%) Xen
13 26 (0.35%) etcd
14 23 (0.31%) flannel
15 21 (0.28%) Ceph
15 21 (0.28%) SkyDNS
16 20 (0.27%) VMware ESXi
17 18 (0.24%) Squid
Systems Management
1 1,645 (21.88%) Ansible
2 1,159 (15.41%) Kubernetes
3 1,134 (15.08%) Terraform
4 1,125 (14.96%) Puppet
5 770 (10.24%) Opscode Chef
6 161 (2.14%) Kibana
7 158 (2.10%) Grafana
7 158 (2.10%) Packer
8 151 (2.01%) Prometheus
9 146 (1.94%) Nagios
10 114 (1.52%) ZABBIX
11 107 (1.42%) Salt
12 105 (1.40%) logstash
13 97 (1.29%) Hadoop YARN
14 96 (1.28%) Docker Swarm
15 87 (1.16%) Mesos
16 73 (0.97%) Rancher
17 68 (0.90%) HAProxy
18 51 (0.68%) Graphite
19 50 (0.66%) Oozie
Vendors
1 552 (7.34%) Oracle
2 519 (6.90%) Google
3 453 (6.02%) Microsoft
4 416 (5.53%) Splunk
5 375 (4.99%) Red Hat
6 230 (3.06%) Cloudera
7 220 (2.93%) VMware
8 192 (2.55%) Tableau
9 165 (2.19%) Cisco
10 130 (1.73%) Hortonworks
11 123 (1.64%) Atlassian
12 96 (1.28%) ServiceNow
13 91 (1.21%) New Relic
14 79 (1.05%) SaltStack
15 71 (0.94%) IBM
16 70 (0.93%) SAP
17 64 (0.85%) Adobe
18 58 (0.77%) AppDynamics
18 58 (0.77%) F5
19 56 (0.74%) Qualys