Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 11 11 19
Rank change year-on-year 0 +8 -1
Contract jobs citing Linux 9318 9870 8852
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.04% 9.38% 7.79%
As % of the Operating Systems category 43.19% 43.62% 36.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 6088 6598 5675
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £319 £309 £288
90th Percentile £638 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 259 218 333
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.50% +6.67% +10.29%
10th Percentile £21.25 £15.75 £18.55
90th Percentile £50.25 £50.00 £50.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.61 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.03% +6.67% +7.14%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 21572 22626 24324
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.92% 21.49% 21.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 13717 14257 14328
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
10th Percentile £170 £200 £185
90th Percentile £600 £575 £556
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £370 £362
% change year-on-year +1.35% +2.21% +8.06%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1302 1307 1945
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.29 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.43% -1.27% +4.76%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £42.46
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.50 £15.50 £16.16
% change year-on-year +6.45% -4.08% +4.26%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 8548 £475 +5.56% 1459
UK excluding London +2 4682 £425 +1.19% 854
London -1 4503 £519 +9.21% 653
South East 0 1694 £438 +2.94% 247
North of England 0 964 £425 +3.03% 207
Midlands -1 521 £420 -1.18% 113
Scotland +5 469 £425 +13.33% 33
East of England 0 446 £425 +13.33% 147
North West -4 427 £425 - 118
South West +1 393 £421 +5.31% 92
Yorkshire -1 350 £450 +2.86% 77
West Midlands -1 282 £470 +9.30% 70
East Midlands +6 233 £375 -9.64% 43
North East +3 205 £380 +11.76% 12
Northern Ireland +1 134 £420 +1.82% 3
Wales -7 82 £435 -8.42% 13

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2977 (31.95%) Unix
2 2896 (31.08%) Java
3 2751 (29.52%) DevOps
4 2635 (28.28%) Windows
5 2617 (28.09%) Python
6 2578 (27.67%) Agile Software Development
7 2066 (22.17%) Amazon AWS
8 1928 (20.69%) Jenkins
9 1888 (20.26%) Git (software)
10 1831 (19.65%) SQL
11 1747 (18.75%) Puppet
12 1725 (18.51%) Finance
13 1670 (17.92%) Ansible
14 1588 (17.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 1542 (16.55%) Docker
16 1520 (16.31%) Oracle
17 1393 (14.95%) Continuous Integration
18 1369 (14.69%) Red Hat
19 1280 (13.74%) Configuration Management
20 1162 (12.47%) Bash Shell
21 1149 (12.33%) JavaScript
22 1139 (12.22%) VMware
23 1135 (12.18%) Security Cleared
24 999 (10.72%) Perl
25 964 (10.35%) Web Services
26 948 (10.17%) Banking
27 909 (9.76%) Opscode Chef
28 899 (9.65%) Scrum
29 891 (9.56%) MySQL
30 866 (9.29%) SC Cleared

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 765 (8.21%) Apache
2 601 (6.45%) Tomcat
3 489 (5.25%) Confluence
4 401 (4.30%) JBoss
5 331 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
6 311 (3.34%) OpenStack
7 298 (3.20%) Apache Spark
7 298 (3.20%) nginx
8 267 (2.87%) WebLogic
9 242 (2.60%) IIS
10 231 (2.48%) WebSphere
11 120 (1.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 108 (1.16%) Cloud Foundry
13 91 (0.98%) SAS
14 82 (0.88%) MS Exchange
15 81 (0.87%) SharePoint
16 74 (0.79%) CMS
17 67 (0.72%) Apache Solr
18 53 (0.57%) Oracle Application Server
19 50 (0.54%) iPlanet
Applications
1 80 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
2 70 (0.75%) Microsoft Excel
3 38 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 31 (0.33%) HipChat
5 29 (0.31%) Photoshop
6 20 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
7 13 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 12 (0.13%) Adobe Illustrator
8 12 (0.13%) Chatbot
9 10 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
10 9 (0.097%) Houdini
10 9 (0.097%) Maya
10 9 (0.097%) NUKE
11 8 (0.086%) Simulink
12 6 (0.064%) Spreadsheet
12 6 (0.064%) SPSS
13 3 (0.032%) Doxygen
13 3 (0.032%) InVision
14 2 (0.021%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.021%) OrCAD
Business Applications
1 50 (0.54%) ION MarketView
2 30 (0.32%) SAP ERP
3 26 (0.28%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 22 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 21 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
6 20 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
7 19 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
7 19 (0.20%) Temenos T24
8 17 (0.18%) Magento
9 15 (0.16%) BusinessWorks
10 14 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
11 13 (0.14%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
12 11 (0.12%) Oracle 11i
12 11 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
12 11 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
13 10 (0.11%) Markit EDM
14 9 (0.097%) Actimize
14 9 (0.097%) Oracle Retail
15 8 (0.086%) RMDS
16 7 (0.075%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 2066 (22.17%) Amazon AWS
2 750 (8.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 371 (3.98%) GitHub
4 336 (3.61%) Amazon EC2
5 281 (3.02%) AWS CloudFormation
6 266 (2.85%) Amazon S3
7 229 (2.46%) IaaS
8 220 (2.36%) PaaS
9 186 (2.00%) Cloud Computing
10 179 (1.92%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 178 (1.91%) OpenShift
12 137 (1.47%) Serverless
13 135 (1.45%) Google Cloud Platform
14 128 (1.37%) Route 53
15 121 (1.30%) SaaS
16 119 (1.28%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 119 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
17 112 (1.20%) Office 365
18 97 (1.04%) Amazon ELB
19 83 (0.89%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 839 (9.00%) Firewall
2 753 (8.08%) TCP/IP
3 570 (6.12%) DNS
4 558 (5.99%) HTTP
5 459 (4.93%) SAN
6 377 (4.05%) SSL
7 295 (3.17%) VPN
8 256 (2.75%) WAN
9 254 (2.73%) LDAP
10 232 (2.49%) LAN
11 213 (2.29%) DHCP
12 194 (2.08%) Internet
13 190 (2.04%) Network Security
14 154 (1.65%) NAS
15 115 (1.23%) SSH
15 115 (1.23%) Wireless
16 104 (1.12%) Kerberos
17 91 (0.98%) VoIP
18 89 (0.96%) Fibre Channel
19 79 (0.85%) FTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 891 (9.56%) MySQL
2 701 (7.52%) Relational Database
3 652 (7.00%) SQL Server
4 622 (6.68%) MongoDB
5 595 (6.39%) PostgreSQL
6 495 (5.31%) NoSQL
7 477 (5.12%) Hadoop
8 448 (4.81%) Big Data
9 364 (3.91%) Oracle Database
10 262 (2.81%) RDBMS
11 215 (2.31%) Apache Cassandra
12 206 (2.21%) HBase
13 192 (2.06%) Amazon RDS
13 192 (2.06%) DB2
14 141 (1.51%) Apache Hive
15 131 (1.41%) Redis
16 114 (1.22%) KDB
17 109 (1.17%) Data Warehouse
18 85 (0.91%) Oracle Database 11g
19 79 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1928 (20.69%) Jenkins
2 1888 (20.26%) Git (software)
3 841 (9.03%) JIRA
4 605 (6.49%) Maven
5 511 (5.48%) Subversion
6 349 (3.75%) JUnit
7 336 (3.61%) Sonatype Nexus
8 285 (3.06%) TeamCity
9 254 (2.73%) Cucumber
10 221 (2.37%) Artifactory
11 217 (2.33%) GitLab
12 204 (2.19%) Bitbucket
13 189 (2.03%) Selenium
14 184 (1.97%) IntelliJ
15 167 (1.79%) Mockito
16 162 (1.74%) Ant
17 160 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 158 (1.70%) Gradle
19 133 (1.43%) Eclipse
20 130 (1.40%) Vagrant
General
1 1725 (18.51%) Finance
2 948 (10.17%) Banking
3 364 (3.91%) Front Office
4 323 (3.47%) Investment Banking
5 319 (3.42%) Telecoms
6 189 (2.03%) Retail
7 168 (1.80%) Marketing
8 143 (1.53%) Electronics
9 129 (1.38%) Manufacturing
10 91 (0.98%) Games
11 89 (0.96%) Financial Institution
12 72 (0.77%) Publishing
13 61 (0.65%) Legal
14 57 (0.61%) Law
15 55 (0.59%) Retail Banking
16 39 (0.42%) Back Office
17 35 (0.38%) Advertising
18 33 (0.35%) Automotive
19 31 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
20 28 (0.30%) French Language
Job Titles
1 2521 (27.06%) Developer
2 1716 (18.42%) DevOps Engineer
3 908 (9.74%) Java Developer
4 831 (8.92%) Linux Engineer
5 661 (7.09%) Administrator
6 599 (6.43%) AWS Engineer
7 531 (5.70%) AWS DevOps
8 466 (5.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
9 465 (4.99%) Consultant
10 459 (4.93%) Architect
11 444 (4.76%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 435 (4.67%) Analyst
13 390 (4.19%) Systems Administrator
14 367 (3.94%) C++ Developer
15 361 (3.87%) Linux DevOps Engineer
16 321 (3.44%) Senior Developer
17 317 (3.40%) Linux Administrator
18 313 (3.36%) Cloud Engineer
19 294 (3.16%) Software Engineer
20 290 (3.11%) Infrastructure Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 964 (10.35%) Web Services
2 783 (8.40%) HTML
3 694 (7.45%) REST
4 679 (7.29%) CSS
5 651 (6.99%) Spring
6 562 (6.03%) JSON
7 558 (5.99%) XML
8 520 (5.58%) Node.js
9 518 (5.56%) Middleware
10 485 (5.20%) RESTful
11 428 (4.59%) AngularJS
12 358 (3.84%) Elastic Stack
13 353 (3.79%) .NET
14 350 (3.76%) HTML5
15 321 (3.44%) Kafka
16 308 (3.31%) J2EE
17 293 (3.14%) SOAP
18 273 (2.93%) jQuery
19 235 (2.52%) Spring Boot
20 207 (2.22%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 615 (6.60%) Analytical Skills
2 446 (4.79%) Data Centre
3 393 (4.22%) Computer Science
4 275 (2.95%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 261 (2.80%) Linux Command Line
6 246 (2.64%) Clustering
7 207 (2.22%) Public Cloud
8 197 (2.11%) Greenfield Project
9 161 (1.73%) Replication
10 152 (1.63%) Management Information System
11 150 (1.61%) PKI
12 148 (1.59%) User Experience
13 136 (1.46%) Algorithms
14 124 (1.33%) Enterprise Software
15 120 (1.29%) Data Structures
16 117 (1.26%) Equities
17 114 (1.22%) Virtual Team
18 106 (1.14%) Fixed Income
19 97 (1.04%) Private Cloud
20 94 (1.01%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 2977 (31.95%) Unix
2 2635 (28.28%) Windows
3 1588 (17.04%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 674 (7.23%) Windows Server
5 657 (7.05%) Solaris
6 598 (6.42%) CentOS
7 426 (4.57%) AIX
8 380 (4.08%) Ubuntu
9 309 (3.32%) Windows Server 2012
10 235 (2.52%) Windows Server 2008
11 189 (2.03%) Mac OS X
12 146 (1.57%) SUSE
13 123 (1.32%) HPUX
14 108 (1.16%) Debian
15 107 (1.15%) Windows 7
16 99 (1.06%) Android
17 98 (1.05%) Windows Server 2003
18 87 (0.93%) Windows 10
19 76 (0.82%) Apple iOS
20 75 (0.80%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2751 (29.52%) DevOps
2 2578 (27.67%) Agile Software Development
3 1393 (14.95%) Continuous Integration
4 1280 (13.74%) Configuration Management
5 899 (9.65%) Scrum
6 836 (8.97%) Test Automation
7 814 (8.74%) TDD
8 811 (8.70%) Open Source
9 736 (7.90%) Software Engineering
10 673 (7.22%) Microservices
11 562 (6.03%) Continuous Delivery
12 541 (5.81%) ITIL
13 532 (5.71%) Migration
14 472 (5.07%) OO
15 420 (4.51%) Mentoring
16 405 (4.35%) Load Balancing
17 391 (4.20%) SDLC
18 387 (4.15%) BDD
19 382 (4.10%) High Availability
20 369 (3.96%) Multithreading
Programming Languages
1 2896 (31.08%) Java
2 2617 (28.09%) Python
3 1831 (19.65%) SQL
4 1162 (12.47%) Bash Shell
5 1149 (12.33%) JavaScript
6 999 (10.72%) Perl
7 832 (8.93%) Ruby
8 794 (8.52%) C++
9 774 (8.31%) Shell Script
10 484 (5.19%) PowerShell
11 434 (4.66%) C
12 406 (4.36%) PHP
13 369 (3.96%) Scala
14 334 (3.58%) C#
15 268 (2.88%) Go
16 227 (2.44%) PL/SQL
17 205 (2.20%) Korn
18 153 (1.64%) Groovy
19 87 (0.93%) Embedded C
19 87 (0.93%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1135 (12.18%) Security Cleared
2 866 (9.29%) SC Cleared
3 556 (5.97%) Degree
4 167 (1.79%) Computer Science Degree
5 125 (1.34%) CISSP
6 118 (1.27%) DV Cleared
7 105 (1.13%) Cisco Certification
8 90 (0.97%) Microsoft Certification
9 79 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
10 75 (0.80%) AWS Certification
11 67 (0.72%) RHCE
12 63 (0.68%) CISM
13 60 (0.64%) MCSE
14 55 (0.59%) CCNA
14 55 (0.59%) CCNP
15 42 (0.45%) PhD
15 42 (0.45%) SANS
16 37 (0.40%) CEH
17 36 (0.39%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 33 (0.35%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 291 (3.12%) QA
2 96 (1.03%) SLA
3 92 (0.99%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 80 (0.86%) PCI DSS
5 61 (0.65%) Disclosure Scotland
6 54 (0.58%) MiFID
7 44 (0.47%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 41 (0.44%) GDPR
9 36 (0.39%) Data Quality
10 32 (0.34%) GCP
11 20 (0.21%) HIPAA
12 17 (0.18%) Actionable Recommendations
13 13 (0.14%) MISRA
14 12 (0.13%) COBIT
14 12 (0.13%) GPG13
14 12 (0.13%) TARGET2
15 11 (0.12%) NIST 800
16 10 (0.11%) PMO
17 8 (0.086%) AIFMD
17 8 (0.086%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 1542 (16.55%) Docker
2 605 (6.49%) Active Directory
3 536 (5.75%) VMware Infrastructure
4 227 (2.44%) Virtual Machines
5 199 (2.14%) VMware ESXi
6 184 (1.97%) Hyper-V
7 164 (1.76%) vSphere
8 133 (1.43%) HDFS
9 127 (1.36%) NFS
10 105 (1.13%) KVM
11 80 (0.86%) Samba
12 75 (0.80%) Veritas Cluster Server
13 73 (0.78%) vCloud
14 71 (0.76%) Xen
15 69 (0.74%) Apache ZooKeeper
16 66 (0.71%) Apache Flume
17 60 (0.64%) Oracle RAC
18 50 (0.54%) Firmware
18 50 (0.54%) Veritas Volume Manager
19 47 (0.50%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1747 (18.75%) Puppet
2 1670 (17.92%) Ansible
3 909 (9.76%) Opscode Chef
4 743 (7.97%) Terraform
5 680 (7.30%) Kubernetes
6 243 (2.61%) logstash
7 233 (2.50%) Nagios
8 210 (2.25%) Kibana
9 156 (1.67%) Grafana
10 128 (1.37%) ZABBIX
11 118 (1.27%) Prometheus
12 117 (1.26%) NetBackup
13 113 (1.21%) SCCM
14 111 (1.19%) Packer
15 94 (1.01%) Salt
16 85 (0.91%) Rancher
17 77 (0.83%) Tivoli Storage Manager
18 73 (0.78%) SCOM
19 67 (0.72%) Mesos
20 66 (0.71%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1520 (16.31%) Oracle
2 1369 (14.69%) Red Hat
3 1139 (12.22%) VMware
4 708 (7.60%) Microsoft
5 475 (5.10%) Cisco
6 451 (4.84%) IBM
7 376 (4.04%) Splunk
8 361 (3.87%) HP
9 260 (2.79%) Citrix
10 256 (2.75%) Sybase
11 247 (2.65%) Google
12 195 (2.09%) EMC
13 192 (2.06%) Atlassian
14 181 (1.94%) SAP
15 180 (1.93%) F5
16 179 (1.92%) Veritas
17 175 (1.88%) TIBCO
18 170 (1.82%) NetApp
19 160 (1.72%) Sun
20 137 (1.47%) Juniper