Period
to 20 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 11 18
Rank change year-on-year -1 +7 +5
Contract jobs citing Linux 8837 10491 8454
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.28% 9.53% 7.49%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.91% 42.67% 34.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 5830 7022 5294
UK median daily rate £463 £443 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.34% +7.45% +3.13%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £275
90th Percentile £613 £593 £599
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +6.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 172 240 291
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +8.11% -1.33%
10th Percentile £23.78 £18.00 £16.75
90th Percentile £51.66 £49.46 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -

Linux is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19676 24589 24681
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.66% 22.34% 21.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 12415 15458 14290
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.88%
10th Percentile £195 £210 £181
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1136 1323 1946
UK median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +2.10% +1.00%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.53 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £44.50 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £16.50 £15.85
% change year-on-year -6.06% +4.10% +2.26%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 20 July 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 20 July 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8001 £475 +5.56% 1425
UK excluding London +1 4650 £425 +6.25% 920
London 0 4029 £500 +5.26% 588
South East 0 1639 £425 +3.03% 286
North of England 0 1018 £425 +3.66% 193
Midlands -3 479 £450 +8.43% 104
North West 0 452 £425 +1.19% 104
East of England +9 420 £450 +5.88% 157
Scotland +5 414 £400 - 62
South West +2 386 £425 +8.28% 96
Yorkshire -1 365 £450 +4.65% 76
West Midlands -2 284 £475 +14.46% 64
North East +5 206 £374 +20.65% 13
Northern Ireland +20 204 £420 +40.00% 1
East Midlands 0 193 £363 -14.71% 40
Wales +19 115 £450 +20.00% 19
Isle of Man - 1 £350 -

For the 6 months to 20 July 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2891 (32.71%) Unix
2 2729 (30.88%) Java
3 2610 (29.53%) DevOps
4 2543 (28.78%) Agile Software Development
5 2504 (28.34%) Python
6 2250 (25.46%) Windows
7 1767 (20.00%) Puppet
8 1761 (19.93%) Amazon AWS
9 1737 (19.66%) Git (software)
10 1727 (19.54%) Jenkins
11 1726 (19.53%) SQL
12 1571 (17.78%) Finance
13 1567 (17.73%) Oracle
14 1509 (17.08%) Ansible
15 1461 (16.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 1400 (15.84%) Red Hat
17 1353 (15.31%) Docker
18 1328 (15.03%) Configuration Management
19 1315 (14.88%) Continuous Integration
20 1195 (13.52%) VMware
21 1193 (13.50%) Security Cleared
22 1069 (12.10%) Bash Shell
23 1057 (11.96%) Perl
24 1044 (11.81%) JavaScript
25 1000 (11.32%) Ruby
26 938 (10.61%) SC Cleared
27 908 (10.27%) Open Source
28 881 (9.97%) Opscode Chef
29 848 (9.60%) HTML
29 848 (9.60%) Web Services

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 747 (8.45%) Apache
2 527 (5.96%) Tomcat
3 435 (4.92%) Confluence
4 434 (4.91%) JBoss
5 318 (3.60%) WebLogic
6 313 (3.54%) OpenStack
7 289 (3.27%) nginx
8 282 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
9 268 (3.03%) WebSphere
10 223 (2.52%) Apache Spark
11 212 (2.40%) IIS
12 103 (1.17%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 93 (1.05%) SharePoint
14 88 (1.00%) MS Exchange
15 75 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
16 64 (0.72%) Apache Solr
16 64 (0.72%) CMS
17 56 (0.63%) Drupal
18 55 (0.62%) SAS
19 54 (0.61%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 88 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
2 67 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 36 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.18%) HipChat
6 16 (0.18%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.091%) Simulink
9 7 (0.079%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.079%) SPSS
9 7 (0.079%) Stata
10 4 (0.045%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.045%) Doxygen
10 4 (0.045%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.023%) Houdini
11 2 (0.023%) Maya
11 2 (0.023%) NUKE
11 2 (0.023%) OrCAD
12 1 (0.011%) Mathematica
Business Applications
1 25 (0.28%) SAP ERP
2 22 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
2 22 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
3 19 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 16 (0.18%) RMDS
5 15 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 15 (0.17%) Oracle 11i
6 14 (0.16%) ION MarketView
6 14 (0.16%) Temenos T24
7 13 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 12 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
9 10 (0.11%) Magento
9 10 (0.11%) Maximo
9 10 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
10 9 (0.10%) Oracle Retail
11 8 (0.091%) Actimize
11 8 (0.091%) Oracle EBS R12
11 8 (0.091%) Remedy ITSM
11 8 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
12 6 (0.068%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1761 (19.93%) Amazon AWS
2 585 (6.62%) Microsoft Azure
3 297 (3.36%) GitHub
4 268 (3.03%) AWS CloudFormation
5 222 (2.51%) PaaS
6 216 (2.44%) Amazon EC2
7 213 (2.41%) IaaS
8 184 (2.08%) Amazon S3
9 174 (1.97%) OpenShift
10 158 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
11 110 (1.24%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 97 (1.10%) SaaS
13 90 (1.02%) Google Cloud Platform
14 70 (0.79%) Amazon ELB
15 69 (0.78%) AWS Lambda
16 68 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 65 (0.74%) Office 365
18 53 (0.60%) Route 53
19 38 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
20 32 (0.36%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 698 (7.90%) Firewall
2 681 (7.71%) TCP/IP
3 676 (7.65%) HTTP
4 499 (5.65%) DNS
5 423 (4.79%) SSL
6 372 (4.21%) SAN
7 332 (3.76%) LDAP
8 265 (3.00%) VPN
9 239 (2.70%) WAN
10 223 (2.52%) LAN
11 191 (2.16%) Internet
12 173 (1.96%) DHCP
13 157 (1.78%) Network Security
14 129 (1.46%) NAS
15 123 (1.39%) Kerberos
16 118 (1.34%) SSH
17 102 (1.15%) Wireless
18 91 (1.03%) HTTPS
19 84 (0.95%) IPsec
19 84 (0.95%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 838 (9.48%) MySQL
2 716 (8.10%) Relational Database
3 665 (7.53%) SQL Server
4 587 (6.64%) MongoDB
5 561 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
6 459 (5.19%) NoSQL
7 457 (5.17%) Hadoop
8 438 (4.96%) Big Data
9 391 (4.42%) Oracle Database
10 254 (2.87%) Apache Cassandra
11 226 (2.56%) RDBMS
12 196 (2.22%) Apache Hive
13 168 (1.90%) HBase
14 148 (1.67%) DB2
15 127 (1.44%) Redis
16 120 (1.36%) Oracle Database 11g
17 117 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
18 97 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
19 95 (1.08%) KDB
20 84 (0.95%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1737 (19.66%) Git (software)
2 1727 (19.54%) Jenkins
3 707 (8.00%) JIRA
4 505 (5.71%) Subversion
5 484 (5.48%) Maven
6 293 (3.32%) JUnit
6 293 (3.32%) Sonatype Nexus
7 251 (2.84%) TeamCity
8 216 (2.44%) GitLab
9 215 (2.43%) Cucumber
10 188 (2.13%) Selenium
11 170 (1.92%) Artifactory
12 163 (1.84%) Vagrant
13 154 (1.74%) Ant
14 153 (1.73%) Bitbucket
15 149 (1.69%) IntelliJ
16 130 (1.47%) Eclipse
17 126 (1.43%) Team Foundation Server
18 120 (1.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 118 (1.34%) Gradle
General
1 1571 (17.78%) Finance
2 827 (9.36%) Banking
3 337 (3.81%) Front Office
4 298 (3.37%) Telecoms
5 279 (3.16%) Investment Banking
6 161 (1.82%) Marketing
7 152 (1.72%) Retail
8 134 (1.52%) Manufacturing
9 125 (1.41%) Electronics
10 82 (0.93%) Financial Institution
11 54 (0.61%) Games
12 53 (0.60%) Law
13 50 (0.57%) Publishing
14 49 (0.55%) Legal
15 45 (0.51%) Back Office
16 34 (0.38%) Billing
17 26 (0.29%) Retail Banking
18 23 (0.26%) French Language
19 20 (0.23%) Advertising
20 19 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2478 (28.04%) Developer
2 1527 (17.28%) DevOps Engineer
3 894 (10.12%) Java Developer
4 765 (8.66%) Linux Engineer
5 586 (6.63%) Administrator
6 469 (5.31%) Consultant
7 455 (5.15%) Architect
8 454 (5.14%) AWS Engineer
9 442 (5.00%) Analyst
10 408 (4.62%) AWS DevOps
11 387 (4.38%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 354 (4.01%) C++ Developer
13 345 (3.90%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 326 (3.69%) Senior Developer
15 315 (3.56%) Systems Administrator
16 307 (3.47%) Linux Administrator
17 303 (3.43%) Cloud Engineer
18 302 (3.42%) Linux DevOps Engineer
19 285 (3.23%) Software Engineer
20 229 (2.59%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 848 (9.60%) HTML
1 848 (9.60%) Web Services
2 757 (8.57%) CSS
3 631 (7.14%) REST
4 624 (7.06%) Spring
5 530 (6.00%) JSON
6 506 (5.73%) XML
7 465 (5.26%) Node.js
8 443 (5.01%) Middleware
9 393 (4.45%) RESTful
10 357 (4.04%) J2EE
11 349 (3.95%) HTML5
12 348 (3.94%) Elastic Stack
13 344 (3.89%) .NET
14 328 (3.71%) SOAP
15 263 (2.98%) AngularJS
16 236 (2.67%) jQuery
17 231 (2.61%) Kafka
18 221 (2.50%) Play Framework
19 219 (2.48%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 562 (6.36%) Analytical Skills
2 414 (4.68%) Data Centre
3 340 (3.85%) Computer Science
4 262 (2.96%) Linux Command Line
5 251 (2.84%) Clustering
6 196 (2.22%) Greenfield Project
7 169 (1.91%) Management Information System
8 165 (1.87%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 156 (1.77%) Public Cloud
10 136 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
11 129 (1.46%) User Experience
12 128 (1.45%) Equities
13 118 (1.34%) Replication
14 110 (1.24%) Fintech
15 106 (1.20%) PKI
16 105 (1.19%) Client/Server
17 102 (1.15%) Algorithms
18 100 (1.13%) Fixed Income
19 85 (0.96%) Private Cloud
20 80 (0.91%) Data Structures
Operating Systems
1 2891 (32.71%) Unix
2 2250 (25.46%) Windows
3 1461 (16.53%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 657 (7.43%) CentOS
5 624 (7.06%) Solaris
6 558 (6.31%) Windows Server
7 497 (5.62%) AIX
8 412 (4.66%) Ubuntu
9 255 (2.89%) Windows Server 2008
9 255 (2.89%) Windows Server 2012
10 239 (2.70%) Mac OS X
11 155 (1.75%) SUSE
12 129 (1.46%) HPUX
13 124 (1.40%) Debian
14 105 (1.19%) Windows Server 2003
15 97 (1.10%) Mac OS
16 81 (0.92%) Windows 7
17 75 (0.85%) Android
18 65 (0.74%) Windows 10
19 62 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2610 (29.53%) DevOps
2 2543 (28.78%) Agile Software Development
3 1328 (15.03%) Configuration Management
4 1315 (14.88%) Continuous Integration
5 908 (10.27%) Open Source
6 821 (9.29%) Test Automation
7 787 (8.91%) Scrum
8 747 (8.45%) TDD
9 675 (7.64%) Software Engineering
10 629 (7.12%) Microservices
11 594 (6.72%) Migration
12 522 (5.91%) Continuous Delivery
13 489 (5.53%) ITIL
14 439 (4.97%) OO
15 394 (4.46%) SDLC
16 382 (4.32%) Mentoring
17 368 (4.16%) Web Development
18 351 (3.97%) High Availability
19 333 (3.77%) Analytics
20 320 (3.62%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 2729 (30.88%) Java
2 2504 (28.34%) Python
3 1726 (19.53%) SQL
4 1069 (12.10%) Bash Shell
5 1057 (11.96%) Perl
6 1044 (11.81%) JavaScript
7 1000 (11.32%) Ruby
8 721 (8.16%) C++
9 683 (7.73%) Shell Script
10 435 (4.92%) Scala
11 430 (4.87%) PowerShell
12 409 (4.63%) C
13 384 (4.35%) PHP
14 364 (4.12%) C#
15 241 (2.73%) PL/SQL
16 203 (2.30%) Go
17 202 (2.29%) Korn
18 119 (1.35%) Groovy
19 99 (1.12%) T-SQL
20 77 (0.87%) R
Qualifications
1 1193 (13.50%) Security Cleared
2 938 (10.61%) SC Cleared
3 469 (5.31%) Degree
4 143 (1.62%) Computer Science Degree
5 138 (1.56%) CISSP
6 132 (1.49%) Cisco Certification
7 131 (1.48%) DV Cleared
8 98 (1.11%) RHCE
9 84 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 80 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
11 72 (0.81%) SANS
12 71 (0.80%) CCNA
13 65 (0.74%) CCNP
14 55 (0.62%) RHCSA
15 50 (0.57%) ISEB
16 49 (0.55%) MCSE
17 47 (0.53%) AWS Certification
18 38 (0.43%) CISM
18 38 (0.43%) ISTQB
19 36 (0.41%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 252 (2.85%) QA
2 98 (1.11%) SLA
3 72 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
4 67 (0.76%) PCI DSS
5 48 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 38 (0.43%) MiFID
7 28 (0.32%) Data Quality
8 27 (0.31%) JSP 440
9 15 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 12 (0.14%) GPG13
10 12 (0.14%) PMO
11 11 (0.12%) MISRA
12 10 (0.11%) Def Stans
13 9 (0.10%) ISO 20022
14 8 (0.091%) GCP
14 8 (0.091%) ISO 9001
14 8 (0.091%) MISRA C
15 7 (0.079%) COBIT
15 7 (0.079%) FATCA
15 7 (0.079%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1353 (15.31%) Docker
2 613 (6.94%) VMware Infrastructure
3 584 (6.61%) Active Directory
4 199 (2.25%) Virtual Machines
5 152 (1.72%) VMware ESXi
6 151 (1.71%) vSphere
7 143 (1.62%) Hyper-V
8 119 (1.35%) HDFS
9 88 (1.00%) KVM
10 86 (0.97%) NFS
11 84 (0.95%) Oracle RAC
11 84 (0.95%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 82 (0.93%) Xen
13 80 (0.91%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 80 (0.91%) vCloud
14 65 (0.74%) Apache Flume
15 52 (0.59%) LXC
16 48 (0.54%) Firmware
17 47 (0.53%) Veritas Volume Manager
18 39 (0.44%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1767 (20.00%) Puppet
2 1509 (17.08%) Ansible
3 881 (9.97%) Opscode Chef
4 563 (6.37%) Kubernetes
5 531 (6.01%) Terraform
6 232 (2.63%) Nagios
7 188 (2.13%) Kibana
8 175 (1.98%) logstash
9 117 (1.32%) ZABBIX
10 105 (1.19%) NetBackup
11 101 (1.14%) Grafana
12 100 (1.13%) Graphite
13 96 (1.09%) Salt
14 95 (1.08%) Packer
15 83 (0.94%) Prometheus
16 82 (0.93%) SCCM
17 77 (0.87%) HAProxy
18 69 (0.78%) Red Hat Satellite
18 69 (0.78%) Tivoli Storage Manager
19 65 (0.74%) Mesos
Vendors
1 1567 (17.73%) Oracle
2 1400 (15.84%) Red Hat
3 1195 (13.52%) VMware
4 629 (7.12%) Microsoft
5 417 (4.72%) IBM
6 412 (4.66%) Cisco
7 349 (3.95%) HP
8 278 (3.15%) Splunk
9 273 (3.09%) Google
10 269 (3.04%) Sybase
11 220 (2.49%) Citrix
12 209 (2.37%) SAP
13 205 (2.32%) Veritas
14 172 (1.95%) Atlassian
15 161 (1.82%) TIBCO
16 159 (1.80%) EMC
16 159 (1.80%) Sun
17 128 (1.45%) NetApp
18 120 (1.36%) Cloudera
19 116 (1.31%) F5
Reigate, Surrey
LEXSTRA
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Intega IT
Rate: Market Daily Rate
Posted: 3 hours ago
St. Albans, Hertfordshire
X4 Group
Rate: £230 - 270 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £449 to £599 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £550 - £600 per day + Outside IR35
Posted: 6 hours ago
West London
Michael Bailey Associates
Rate: Market rates
Posted: Yesterday
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Accenture
Rate: From £31,424 to £49,850 per annum
Posted: 7 hours ago
Isleworth, Middlesex
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
City, London
Linux Recruit
Rate: £600 - £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Accenture
Rate: Dependant on role
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Smethwick, West Midlands (County)
Experis Ltd
Rate: £295 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £550 - £650 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
Central London / West End
Nationwide People Ltd
Rate: £375 - £425 Per Day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Syntax Consultancy Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day (DOE)
Posted: 22 hours ago
South East London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Linux Recruit
Rate: £600 - £650 per day + Flexible working culture
Posted: Yesterday
Preston, Lancashire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 23 hours ago
South West London
Interact Consulting
Rate: 625-675pd
Posted: Yesterday
Kidlington, Oxfordshire
Square One Resources
Rate: From £450 to £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
TEKsystems
Rate: £250 - £460 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £650 - £750 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Slough, Berkshire
TD Group
Rate: Competitive day rate offered to the right candidate
Posted: 2 hours ago
South East London
Keystream Resources Limited
Rate: Up to £50,000 per annum
Posted: 3 days ago
London
ISL
Rate: £400.00 - £500.00 per annum + Benefits
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £27000 - £31000 per annum
Posted: 22 hours ago
Belfast, County Antrim
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £400 - £420 per day
Posted: Yesterday