Period
to 22 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
22 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 21 14 11
Rank change year-on-year -7 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Linux 4,992 8,310 8,690
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.87% 8.34% 8.72%
As % of the Operating Systems category 32.60% 39.85% 42.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,147 5,311 5,771
UK median daily rate £488 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £313 £325 £325
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £430
% change year-on-year - +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 145 172 225
UK median hourly rate £44.02 £44.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.63% +11.88% -
10th Percentile £18.50 £26.01 £18.60
90th Percentile £54.50 £52.50 £51.15
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £45.00 £41.15
% change year-on-year -4.44% +9.36% +2.88%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 15,314 20,853 20,678
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 21.08% 20.92% 20.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,450 13,009 13,192
UK median daily rate £410 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.53% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £140 £160 £168
90th Percentile £600 £600 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £400 £385
% change year-on-year -1.25% +3.90% +4.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,198 1,352 1,266
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.39 £17.43
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.62% -0.22% +5.64%
10th Percentile £11.55 £11.00 £11.00
90th Percentile £48.88 £47.50 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.00 £16.28 £16.50
% change year-on-year +4.45% -1.36% +3.13%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 22 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 22 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 4,455 £500 - 2,537
UK excluding London -8 2,880 £450 - 1,888
London -7 1,998 £534 +1.67% 809
South East -14 722 £475 +5.56% 490
North of England -7 600 £450 - 391
South West -2 572 £450 -5.26% 281
Scotland -2 318 £450 +5.88% 110
North West -12 276 £465 +3.33% 225
East of England -4 274 £450 +2.86% 314
Midlands -7 271 £450 +2.86% 253
Yorkshire -3 248 £450 +2.86% 109
West Midlands +1 182 £463 +8.82% 157
East Midlands -3 89 £425 -3.41% 96
Wales +10 85 £485 +14.12% 38
North East -5 84 £430 -9.47% 57
Northern Ireland +3 45 £400 -5.88% 11
Channel Islands - 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 22 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 1,613 (32.31%) DevOps
2 1,608 (32.21%) Python
3 1,584 (31.73%) Windows
4 1,438 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
5 1,300 (26.04%) AWS
6 1,158 (23.20%) Java
7 1,068 (21.39%) Docker
8 1,025 (20.53%) Unix
9 990 (19.83%) Ansible
10 989 (19.81%) Jenkins
11 954 (19.11%) Git (software)
12 952 (19.07%) Security Cleared
13 836 (16.75%) SQL
14 816 (16.35%) Azure
15 773 (15.48%) Terraform
16 716 (14.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
17 699 (14.00%) Kubernetes
18 683 (13.68%) SC Cleared
19 677 (13.56%) Oracle
20 668 (13.38%) Finance
21 666 (13.34%) VMware
22 664 (13.30%) Puppet
23 656 (13.14%) Red Hat
24 639 (12.80%) Bash Shell
25 596 (11.94%) Continuous Integration
26 584 (11.70%) Configuration Management
27 583 (11.68%) Microsoft
28 554 (11.10%) JavaScript
29 507 (10.16%) Software Engineering
30 505 (10.12%) Test Automation

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 286 (5.73%) Apache
2 273 (5.47%) Confluence
3 193 (3.87%) Tomcat
4 172 (3.45%) nginx
5 153 (3.06%) Apache Spark
6 139 (2.78%) Elasticsearch
7 111 (2.22%) IIS
8 107 (2.14%) WebLogic
9 103 (2.06%) OpenStack
10 97 (1.94%) WebSphere
11 91 (1.82%) JBoss
12 66 (1.32%) SAS
13 49 (0.98%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 49 (0.98%) SharePoint
14 47 (0.94%) MS Exchange
15 41 (0.82%) Jetty
16 35 (0.70%) Mongrel
17 25 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
18 20 (0.40%) GeoServer
19 18 (0.36%) Jupyter
Applications
1 114 (2.28%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (0.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 32 (0.64%) MS Visio
3 12 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 10 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.12%) PlantUML
6 4 (0.080%) Mozilla Thunderbird
6 4 (0.080%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.040%) Abaqus
7 2 (0.040%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.020%) Acrobat
8 1 (0.020%) GNU Octave
8 1 (0.020%) Houdini
8 1 (0.020%) InVision
8 1 (0.020%) Maya
8 1 (0.020%) Simulink
8 1 (0.020%) Sketch
Business Applications
1 29 (0.58%) Oracle Applications
2 25 (0.50%) BusinessWorks
3 23 (0.46%) Oracle EBS
4 19 (0.38%) Remedy ITSM
4 19 (0.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 16 (0.32%) Magento
6 11 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
6 11 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
7 10 (0.20%) assyst
7 10 (0.20%) FINCAD Analytics
8 8 (0.16%) Oracle AML
8 8 (0.16%) Oracle BPM
8 8 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
9 5 (0.10%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 5 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
10 4 (0.080%) Oracle Internet Expenses
10 4 (0.080%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 4 (0.080%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.080%) SAP ERP
10 4 (0.080%) SAP HR
Cloud Services
1 1,300 (26.04%) AWS
2 816 (16.35%) Azure
3 356 (7.13%) GCP
4 270 (5.41%) Amazon EC2
5 241 (4.83%) GitHub
6 182 (3.65%) OpenShift
7 173 (3.47%) AWS CloudFormation
8 161 (3.23%) Office 365
9 156 (3.13%) Amazon S3
10 155 (3.10%) Serverless
11 138 (2.76%) PaaS
12 114 (2.28%) AWS Lambda
13 112 (2.24%) IaaS
14 86 (1.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 74 (1.48%) Route 53
16 71 (1.42%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 68 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
18 63 (1.26%) SaaS
19 62 (1.24%) Amazon ELB
20 54 (1.08%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 373 (7.47%) Firewall
2 356 (7.13%) TCP/IP
3 301 (6.03%) HTTP
4 297 (5.95%) DNS
5 189 (3.79%) VPN
6 164 (3.29%) SSL
7 160 (3.21%) DHCP
8 154 (3.08%) SAN
9 127 (2.54%) WAN
10 112 (2.24%) Internet
10 112 (2.24%) Network Security
11 111 (2.22%) LAN
12 104 (2.08%) Ethernet
13 87 (1.74%) FTP
14 81 (1.62%) Wireshark
15 73 (1.46%) Wi-Fi
16 72 (1.44%) Wireless
17 68 (1.36%) IPsec
18 66 (1.32%) SSH
19 65 (1.30%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 403 (8.07%) MySQL
2 315 (6.31%) SQL Server
3 284 (5.69%) MongoDB
4 239 (4.79%) Big Data
5 220 (4.41%) PostgreSQL
6 217 (4.35%) Oracle Database
7 209 (4.19%) Relational Database
8 198 (3.97%) NoSQL
9 178 (3.57%) Hadoop
10 146 (2.92%) Amazon RDS
11 81 (1.62%) Oracle Database 12c
12 80 (1.60%) DB2
13 77 (1.54%) RDBMS
14 74 (1.48%) Apache Hive
15 68 (1.36%) Data Warehouse
16 58 (1.16%) Oracle Database 11g
17 55 (1.10%) Apache Cassandra
18 46 (0.92%) Redis
19 40 (0.80%) Impala
20 37 (0.74%) HBase
Development Applications
1 989 (19.81%) Jenkins
2 954 (19.11%) Git (software)
3 493 (9.88%) JIRA
4 181 (3.63%) Maven
5 178 (3.57%) GitLab
6 154 (3.08%) Bitbucket
7 135 (2.70%) Selenium
8 129 (2.58%) Sonatype Nexus
9 120 (2.40%) Artifactory
10 105 (2.10%) Subversion
11 90 (1.80%) JUnit
12 87 (1.74%) Cucumber
13 86 (1.72%) Eclipse
14 84 (1.68%) SonarQube
15 81 (1.62%) TeamCity
16 74 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 67 (1.34%) Gradle
17 67 (1.34%) Visual Studio
18 66 (1.32%) Ant
19 60 (1.20%) Vagrant
General
1 668 (13.38%) Finance
2 353 (7.07%) Public Sector
3 257 (5.15%) Banking
4 159 (3.19%) Telecoms
5 106 (2.12%) Retail
6 85 (1.70%) Marketing
7 73 (1.46%) Manufacturing
8 68 (1.36%) Electronics
9 57 (1.14%) Military
10 56 (1.12%) Investment Banking
11 52 (1.04%) Front Office
12 42 (0.84%) Aerospace
13 38 (0.76%) Games
13 38 (0.76%) Law
14 29 (0.58%) Financial Institution
15 19 (0.38%) German Language
15 19 (0.38%) Publishing
16 14 (0.28%) Billing
16 14 (0.28%) Legal
16 14 (0.28%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,048 (20.99%) Developer
2 892 (17.87%) DevOps Engineer
3 288 (5.77%) Administrator
4 260 (5.21%) AWS Engineer
5 248 (4.97%) Analyst
5 248 (4.97%) Architect
6 246 (4.93%) Software Engineer
7 237 (4.75%) Java Developer
8 224 (4.49%) Linux Engineer
9 206 (4.13%) Cloud Engineer
10 194 (3.89%) Infrastructure Engineer
11 193 (3.87%) AWS DevOps
12 191 (3.83%) Consultant
13 172 (3.45%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 168 (3.37%) Senior DevOps
15 143 (2.86%) Senior DevOps Engineer
16 131 (2.62%) Senior Developer
17 128 (2.56%) Platform Engineer
18 114 (2.28%) Support Engineer
19 111 (2.22%) Linux/Unix DevOps
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 394 (7.89%) Web Services
2 314 (6.29%) .NET
3 294 (5.89%) REST
4 264 (5.29%) Node.js
5 254 (5.09%) HTML
6 249 (4.99%) Kafka
7 248 (4.97%) JSON
8 235 (4.71%) Spring
9 218 (4.37%) CSS
10 209 (4.19%) AngularJS
11 205 (4.11%) XML
12 164 (3.29%) RESTful
13 157 (3.15%) SOAP
14 155 (3.10%) Elastic Stack
15 146 (2.92%) React
16 138 (2.76%) Middleware
17 118 (2.36%) LDAP
18 113 (2.26%) RabbitMQ
19 107 (2.14%) J2EE
20 102 (2.04%) LAMP
Miscellaneous
1 319 (6.39%) Analytical Skills
2 288 (5.77%) Data Centre
3 195 (3.91%) Linux Command Line
4 118 (2.36%) Public Cloud
5 100 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
6 99 (1.98%) Clustering
7 92 (1.84%) Greenfield Project
8 86 (1.72%) Management Information System
9 85 (1.70%) Algorithms
10 84 (1.68%) Data Structures
11 65 (1.30%) PKI
12 63 (1.26%) Replication
13 61 (1.22%) Enterprise Software
14 60 (1.20%) User Experience
15 53 (1.06%) Derivative
16 45 (0.90%) Virtual Team
17 43 (0.86%) Cloud Native
18 40 (0.80%) Private Cloud
19 35 (0.70%) Mobile App
20 33 (0.66%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 1,584 (31.73%) Windows
2 1,025 (20.53%) Unix
3 716 (14.34%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 444 (8.89%) Windows Server
5 336 (6.73%) CentOS
6 266 (5.33%) Ubuntu
7 151 (3.02%) Solaris
8 134 (2.68%) Windows Server 2012
9 127 (2.54%) Windows Server 2008
10 99 (1.98%) Mac OS
11 96 (1.92%) Windows 10
12 86 (1.72%) AIX
13 82 (1.64%) Windows 7
14 81 (1.62%) Android
15 77 (1.54%) Embedded Linux
16 71 (1.42%) Debian
17 67 (1.34%) Mac OS X
18 59 (1.18%) Windows Server 2003
19 57 (1.14%) Apple iOS
20 48 (0.96%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,613 (32.31%) DevOps
2 1,438 (28.81%) Agile Software Development
3 596 (11.94%) Continuous Integration
4 584 (11.70%) Configuration Management
5 507 (10.16%) Software Engineering
6 505 (10.12%) Test Automation
7 458 (9.17%) Scrum
8 434 (8.69%) Migration
9 413 (8.27%) Microservices
10 405 (8.11%) Problem-Solving
11 363 (7.27%) Open Source
12 350 (7.01%) ITIL
13 309 (6.19%) TDD
14 262 (5.25%) Infrastructure as Code
15 247 (4.95%) Infrastructure Engineering
16 219 (4.39%) SDLC
17 198 (3.97%) Kanban
18 189 (3.79%) Analytics
19 183 (3.67%) Continuous Delivery
20 181 (3.63%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 1,608 (32.21%) Python
2 1,158 (23.20%) Java
3 836 (16.75%) SQL
4 639 (12.80%) Bash Shell
5 554 (11.10%) JavaScript
6 445 (8.91%) PowerShell
7 432 (8.65%) C++
8 373 (7.47%) Ruby
9 359 (7.19%) Shell Script
10 355 (7.11%) C
11 342 (6.85%) Perl
12 265 (5.31%) C#
13 222 (4.45%) PHP
14 169 (3.39%) Go
15 140 (2.80%) PL/SQL
16 119 (2.38%) Java 8
17 98 (1.96%) Groovy
18 97 (1.94%) Scala
19 71 (1.42%) TypeScript
20 66 (1.32%) Embedded C
Qualifications
1 952 (19.07%) Security Cleared
2 683 (13.68%) SC Cleared
3 288 (5.77%) Degree
4 196 (3.93%) DV Cleared
5 101 (2.02%) AWS Certification
6 87 (1.74%) Cisco Certification
7 68 (1.36%) CCNA
8 60 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
9 56 (1.12%) CCNP
10 54 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
10 54 (1.08%) Computer Science Degree
11 38 (0.76%) CISSP
12 34 (0.68%) MCSE
13 31 (0.62%) RHCE
14 29 (0.58%) ISTQB
15 26 (0.52%) MCSA
16 25 (0.50%) ISEB
17 24 (0.48%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
18 23 (0.46%) CISM
19 18 (0.36%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 162 (3.25%) QA
2 70 (1.40%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 65 (1.30%) PCI DSS
4 56 (1.12%) SLA
5 47 (0.94%) NIST
6 39 (0.78%) Data Quality
7 29 (0.58%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 25 (0.50%) GDPR
9 24 (0.48%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 20 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
11 15 (0.30%) NCSC
12 9 (0.18%) RMADS
13 8 (0.16%) COBIT
14 7 (0.14%) JTAG
14 7 (0.14%) PMO
15 6 (0.12%) Cyber Essentials
16 5 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 5 (0.10%) JSP 440
17 4 (0.080%) HIPAA
17 4 (0.080%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,068 (21.39%) Docker
2 427 (8.55%) Active Directory
3 370 (7.41%) VMware Infrastructure
4 140 (2.80%) Virtual Machines
5 116 (2.32%) Hyper-V
6 104 (2.08%) vSphere
7 67 (1.34%) VMware ESXi
8 51 (1.02%) XenApp
9 49 (0.98%) Xen
10 47 (0.94%) Oracle RAC
11 44 (0.88%) HDFS
12 42 (0.84%) VMware NSX
13 37 (0.74%) NFS
14 35 (0.70%) Firmware
15 34 (0.68%) Virtual Servers
16 33 (0.66%) KVM
17 30 (0.60%) LXC
18 21 (0.42%) Virtual Desktop
19 20 (0.40%) XenDesktop
20 18 (0.36%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 990 (19.83%) Ansible
2 773 (15.48%) Terraform
3 699 (14.00%) Kubernetes
4 664 (13.30%) Puppet
5 387 (7.75%) Opscode Chef
6 119 (2.38%) SCCM
7 116 (2.32%) Packer
8 103 (2.06%) Grafana
9 83 (1.66%) Nagios
10 82 (1.64%) Prometheus
11 79 (1.58%) Consul
12 65 (1.30%) Kibana
13 52 (1.04%) logstash
14 51 (1.02%) Docker Swarm
14 51 (1.02%) Salt
15 45 (0.90%) SCOM
16 43 (0.86%) Oracle RMAN
17 41 (0.82%) vRealize
18 40 (0.80%) Data Guard
19 38 (0.76%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 677 (13.56%) Oracle
2 666 (13.34%) VMware
3 656 (13.14%) Red Hat
4 583 (11.68%) Microsoft
5 289 (5.79%) Google
6 239 (4.79%) Cisco
7 195 (3.91%) Splunk
8 161 (3.23%) IBM
9 140 (2.80%) Citrix
10 125 (2.50%) HP
11 117 (2.34%) SAP
12 111 (2.22%) Atlassian
13 94 (1.88%) Cloudera
14 88 (1.76%) EMC
15 76 (1.52%) Dell
16 72 (1.44%) NetApp
17 68 (1.36%) Juniper
17 68 (1.36%) ServiceNow
18 62 (1.24%) F5
19 57 (1.14%) SolarWinds