Period
to 20 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
20 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 14 11 12
Rank change year-on-year -3 +1 +3
Contract jobs citing Linux 8,210 8,729 8,823
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 8.28% 8.60% 9.26%
As % of the Operating Systems category 39.92% 41.60% 44.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,249 5,795 5,955
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 174 214 216
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.76% +2.50% +2.56%
10th Percentile £24.23 £16.65 £18.42
90th Percentile £53.38 £57.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% +3.90%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 20,565 20,985 19,980
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 20.73% 20.66% 20.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,874 13,427 12,605
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £158 £170 £193
90th Percentile £600 £613 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £394 £375
% change year-on-year +1.52% +5.07% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,312 1,279 1,276
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £17.00 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £11.00 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.83 £46.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.00 £15.93
% change year-on-year - +0.44% -3.45%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 20 February 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 20 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 7,555 £500 - 2,971
UK excluding London -3 4,485 £450 - 1,988
London -3 3,595 £530 +0.95% 1,144
South East -6 1,311 £450 -5.26% 518
North of England -3 1,036 £450 +5.88% 472
South West +8 666 £475 +5.56% 275
Midlands -3 487 £450 - 212
Yorkshire +7 478 £450 +4.65% 189
East of England +7 435 £425 - 352
North West -2 432 £450 +5.88% 241
Scotland +1 409 £425 - 93
West Midlands -7 324 £430 -4.56% 122
East Midlands -4 154 £450 +5.88% 88
North East -11 131 £450 +8.43% 42
Wales -5 113 £425 +2.10% 46
Northern Ireland 0 34 £425 -5.56% 21
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 20 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2,982 (36.32%) DevOps
2 2,572 (31.33%) Agile Software Development
3 2,538 (30.91%) Python
4 2,392 (29.14%) Windows
5 2,362 (28.77%) Amazon AWS
6 2,191 (26.69%) Java
7 2,103 (25.62%) Unix
8 2,069 (25.20%) Jenkins
9 1,924 (23.43%) Git (software)
10 1,864 (22.70%) Ansible
11 1,764 (21.49%) Docker
12 1,514 (18.44%) Puppet
13 1,490 (18.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 1,482 (18.05%) SQL
15 1,339 (16.31%) Security Cleared
16 1,279 (15.58%) Red Hat
17 1,260 (15.35%) Configuration Management
18 1,239 (15.09%) Continuous Integration
19 1,220 (14.86%) Finance
20 1,218 (14.84%) Terraform
21 1,209 (14.73%) Oracle
22 1,190 (14.49%) Bash Shell
23 1,059 (12.90%) SC Cleared
24 1,054 (12.84%) JavaScript
25 1,044 (12.72%) Kubernetes
26 1,025 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
27 960 (11.69%) VMware
28 949 (11.56%) Test Automation
29 899 (10.95%) Opscode Chef
30 826 (10.06%) Microsoft

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 670 (8.16%) Apache
2 497 (6.05%) Confluence
3 343 (4.18%) Tomcat
4 299 (3.64%) Elasticsearch
5 298 (3.63%) nginx
6 268 (3.26%) JBoss
7 226 (2.75%) Apache Spark
8 199 (2.42%) WebLogic
9 193 (2.35%) IIS
10 187 (2.28%) WebSphere
11 130 (1.58%) OpenStack
12 122 (1.49%) MS Exchange
13 86 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 73 (0.89%) SharePoint
15 61 (0.74%) CMS
16 60 (0.73%) Jetty
17 55 (0.67%) SAS
18 54 (0.66%) Oracle Service Bus
19 53 (0.65%) Cloud Foundry
20 50 (0.61%) Mongrel
Applications
1 71 (0.86%) Microsoft Office
2 53 (0.65%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.34%) MS Visio
4 15 (0.18%) Chatbot
5 13 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 13 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.085%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.073%) Simulink
9 5 (0.061%) HipChat
9 5 (0.061%) Maya
10 4 (0.049%) NUKE
11 3 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
11 3 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
11 3 (0.037%) Houdini
11 3 (0.037%) SPSS
12 2 (0.024%) GIMP
12 2 (0.024%) GNU Octave
12 2 (0.024%) InVision
13 1 (0.012%) iWork
Business Applications
1 22 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
1 22 (0.27%) Remedy ITSM
2 20 (0.24%) ION MarketView
3 19 (0.23%) Maximo
4 17 (0.21%) Magento
5 16 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
6 12 (0.15%) Dynamics CRM
6 12 (0.15%) Sentinel
7 11 (0.13%) Oracle Applications
8 10 (0.12%) Oracle EBS R12
9 9 (0.11%) Endur
10 7 (0.085%) Oracle Cash Management
10 7 (0.085%) Payment Gateway
11 5 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.061%) HFM
11 5 (0.061%) Oracle Retail
11 5 (0.061%) SAP S/4HANA
12 4 (0.049%) Oracle Financials
12 4 (0.049%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 2,362 (28.77%) Amazon AWS
2 1,025 (12.48%) Microsoft Azure
3 411 (5.01%) GitHub
4 388 (4.73%) Amazon EC2
5 365 (4.45%) AWS CloudFormation
6 358 (4.36%) Google Cloud Platform
7 321 (3.91%) PaaS
8 308 (3.75%) IaaS
9 261 (3.18%) Amazon S3
10 254 (3.09%) OpenShift
11 218 (2.66%) Serverless
12 216 (2.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 211 (2.57%) Cloud Computing
14 174 (2.12%) Office 365
15 168 (2.05%) Datadog
16 156 (1.90%) AWS Lambda
17 146 (1.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 145 (1.77%) SaaS
19 134 (1.63%) Route 53
20 112 (1.36%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 650 (7.92%) Firewall
2 596 (7.26%) HTTP
3 560 (6.82%) TCP/IP
4 530 (6.46%) DNS
5 349 (4.25%) SSL
6 316 (3.85%) VPN
7 238 (2.90%) DHCP
8 206 (2.51%) SAN
9 198 (2.41%) LAN
10 193 (2.35%) WAN
11 158 (1.92%) Internet
12 134 (1.63%) FTP
13 133 (1.62%) Network Security
14 129 (1.57%) IPsec
15 94 (1.14%) Kerberos
16 92 (1.12%) VLAN
17 85 (1.04%) VoIP
17 85 (1.04%) Wireless
18 76 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
19 68 (0.83%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 806 (9.82%) MySQL
2 650 (7.92%) SQL Server
3 599 (7.30%) MongoDB
4 556 (6.77%) PostgreSQL
5 516 (6.29%) Relational Database
6 482 (5.87%) Hadoop
7 462 (5.63%) NoSQL
8 426 (5.19%) Big Data
9 337 (4.10%) Oracle Database
10 223 (2.72%) Amazon RDS
11 177 (2.16%) Apache Cassandra
12 163 (1.99%) RDBMS
13 130 (1.58%) Apache Hive
14 125 (1.52%) HBase
15 117 (1.43%) Redis
16 107 (1.30%) Oracle Database 12c
17 103 (1.25%) MariaDB
18 80 (0.97%) Data Warehouse
19 78 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
20 77 (0.94%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,069 (25.20%) Jenkins
2 1,924 (23.43%) Git (software)
3 795 (9.68%) JIRA
4 486 (5.92%) Subversion
5 470 (5.72%) Maven
6 337 (4.10%) Sonatype Nexus
7 313 (3.81%) GitLab
8 275 (3.35%) Cucumber
8 275 (3.35%) Selenium
9 262 (3.19%) JUnit
10 238 (2.90%) Artifactory
11 210 (2.56%) TeamCity
12 199 (2.42%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 182 (2.22%) Bitbucket
14 180 (2.19%) Gradle
15 138 (1.68%) Hudson
16 128 (1.56%) Ant
17 124 (1.51%) Eclipse
18 122 (1.49%) SonarQube
19 116 (1.41%) Visual Studio
General
1 1,220 (14.86%) Finance
2 530 (6.46%) Banking
3 221 (2.69%) Telecoms
4 194 (2.36%) Front Office
5 153 (1.86%) Retail
6 150 (1.83%) Investment Banking
7 111 (1.35%) Marketing
8 110 (1.34%) Manufacturing
9 108 (1.32%) Electronics
10 83 (1.01%) Law
11 66 (0.80%) Financial Institution
12 51 (0.62%) Aerospace
13 48 (0.58%) Publishing
14 44 (0.54%) Games
14 44 (0.54%) Legal
15 41 (0.50%) Back Office
16 37 (0.45%) Automotive
17 31 (0.38%) Military
18 27 (0.33%) Retail Banking
19 25 (0.30%) Billing
Job Titles
1 1,849 (22.52%) Developer
2 1,735 (21.13%) DevOps Engineer
3 655 (7.98%) Java Developer
4 619 (7.54%) Linux Engineer
5 608 (7.41%) AWS Engineer
6 575 (7.00%) Architect
7 500 (6.09%) Administrator
8 482 (5.87%) AWS DevOps
9 433 (5.27%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 351 (4.28%) Analyst
11 331 (4.03%) Software Engineer
12 300 (3.65%) Linux/Unix DevOps
13 275 (3.35%) Infrastructure Engineer
14 269 (3.28%) Consultant
15 268 (3.26%) Cloud Engineer
16 245 (2.98%) Systems Administrator
17 227 (2.76%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 212 (2.58%) Linux Administrator
19 192 (2.34%) Systems Engineer
20 187 (2.28%) DBA
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 689 (8.39%) Web Services
2 667 (8.12%) HTML
3 602 (7.33%) Spring
4 597 (7.27%) REST
5 510 (6.21%) JSON
6 508 (6.19%) Node.js
7 496 (6.04%) CSS
8 416 (5.07%) Middleware
9 397 (4.84%) Elastic Stack
10 372 (4.53%) SOAP
11 364 (4.43%) XML
12 349 (4.25%) RESTful
13 348 (4.24%) AngularJS
14 347 (4.23%) .NET
15 346 (4.21%) Kafka
16 257 (3.13%) React
17 255 (3.11%) J2EE
18 237 (2.89%) HTML5
19 223 (2.72%) jQuery
20 205 (2.50%) RabbitMQ
Miscellaneous
1 481 (5.86%) Analytical Skills
2 403 (4.91%) Data Centre
3 298 (3.63%) Linux Command Line
4 241 (2.94%) Public Cloud
5 198 (2.41%) Greenfield Project
6 184 (2.24%) Management Information System
7 183 (2.23%) Self-Motivation
8 123 (1.50%) Clustering
8 123 (1.50%) Hybrid Cloud
9 114 (1.39%) Enterprise Software
10 108 (1.32%) Algorithms
10 108 (1.32%) User Experience
11 100 (1.22%) Virtual Team
12 95 (1.16%) Cloud Native
13 91 (1.11%) Replication
14 90 (1.10%) Mainframe
15 89 (1.08%) Mobile App
16 88 (1.07%) Data Structures
16 88 (1.07%) Fixed Income
17 78 (0.95%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 2,392 (29.14%) Windows
2 2,103 (25.62%) Unix
3 1,490 (18.15%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 664 (8.09%) Windows Server
5 534 (6.50%) CentOS
6 337 (4.10%) Ubuntu
7 291 (3.54%) Solaris
8 158 (1.92%) Windows Server 2012
9 151 (1.84%) Mac OS X
10 141 (1.72%) AIX
11 132 (1.61%) Windows Server 2008
12 121 (1.47%) Android
13 94 (1.14%) Embedded Linux
14 90 (1.10%) Debian
15 84 (1.02%) Apple iOS
16 70 (0.85%) Mac OS
17 66 (0.80%) Windows 7
18 63 (0.77%) Oracle Linux
19 59 (0.72%) Windows 10
20 57 (0.69%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,982 (36.32%) DevOps
2 2,572 (31.33%) Agile Software Development
3 1,260 (15.35%) Configuration Management
4 1,239 (15.09%) Continuous Integration
5 949 (11.56%) Test Automation
6 811 (9.88%) Open Source
7 755 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
8 753 (9.17%) TDD
9 735 (8.95%) Software Engineering
10 732 (8.92%) Scrum
11 663 (8.08%) Microservices
12 598 (7.28%) Migration
13 565 (6.88%) ITIL
14 537 (6.54%) Continuous Delivery
15 454 (5.53%) BDD
16 387 (4.71%) Infrastructure Engineering
17 373 (4.54%) Deployment Automation
18 371 (4.52%) Kanban
19 355 (4.32%) OO
20 308 (3.75%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 2,538 (30.91%) Python
2 2,191 (26.69%) Java
3 1,482 (18.05%) SQL
4 1,190 (14.49%) Bash Shell
5 1,054 (12.84%) JavaScript
6 775 (9.44%) Perl
7 762 (9.28%) Ruby
8 608 (7.41%) C++
9 583 (7.10%) Shell Script
10 545 (6.64%) PowerShell
11 415 (5.05%) PHP
12 374 (4.56%) C#
13 368 (4.48%) C
14 295 (3.59%) Scala
15 240 (2.92%) Go
16 226 (2.75%) Java 8
17 131 (1.60%) Groovy
17 131 (1.60%) PL/SQL
18 99 (1.21%) R
19 64 (0.78%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 1,339 (16.31%) Security Cleared
2 1,059 (12.90%) SC Cleared
3 523 (6.37%) Degree
4 202 (2.46%) DV Cleared
5 179 (2.18%) RHCE
6 169 (2.06%) AWS Certification
7 155 (1.89%) Cisco Certification
8 147 (1.79%) BPSS Clearance
9 142 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
10 99 (1.21%) Microsoft Certification
11 87 (1.06%) CCNP
12 79 (0.96%) MCSE
13 71 (0.86%) CISSP
14 65 (0.79%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
15 61 (0.74%) CCNA
16 52 (0.63%) ISTQB
17 49 (0.60%) ISEB
18 41 (0.50%) CISM
19 37 (0.45%) Master's Degree
20 28 (0.34%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 239 (2.91%) QA
2 118 (1.44%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 86 (1.05%) PCI DSS
4 72 (0.88%) SLA
5 69 (0.84%) GDPR
6 55 (0.67%) Data Quality
7 47 (0.57%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 41 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
9 29 (0.35%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 28 (0.34%) HMG Infosec
10 28 (0.34%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 28 (0.34%) JSP 440
11 13 (0.16%) COBIT
12 10 (0.12%) ISO 9001
13 9 (0.11%) ISAE 3402
13 9 (0.11%) ISO 22301
13 9 (0.11%) ISO 31000
13 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27005
13 9 (0.11%) PMO
14 8 (0.097%) Cyber Essentials
System Software
1 1,764 (21.49%) Docker
2 665 (8.10%) Active Directory
3 562 (6.85%) VMware Infrastructure
4 155 (1.89%) Virtual Machines
5 138 (1.68%) VMware ESXi
6 135 (1.64%) vSphere
7 131 (1.60%) Hyper-V
8 125 (1.52%) HDFS
9 108 (1.32%) Oracle RAC
10 91 (1.11%) NFS
11 85 (1.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 71 (0.86%) Xen
13 68 (0.83%) KVM
14 63 (0.77%) XenApp
15 61 (0.74%) Virtual Servers
16 51 (0.62%) Firmware
17 47 (0.57%) XenDesktop
18 39 (0.48%) VirtualBox
19 37 (0.45%) Apache Flume
20 35 (0.43%) Ceph
Systems Management
1 1,864 (22.70%) Ansible
2 1,514 (18.44%) Puppet
3 1,218 (14.84%) Terraform
4 1,044 (12.72%) Kubernetes
5 899 (10.95%) Opscode Chef
6 226 (2.75%) Nagios
7 178 (2.17%) Grafana
8 165 (2.01%) Packer
9 150 (1.83%) Kibana
10 146 (1.78%) SCCM
11 145 (1.77%) Prometheus
12 139 (1.69%) Docker Swarm
13 113 (1.38%) ZABBIX
14 101 (1.23%) logstash
15 100 (1.22%) HAProxy
16 98 (1.19%) Salt
17 96 (1.17%) Hadoop YARN
18 87 (1.06%) Graphite
19 82 (1.00%) SCOM
20 71 (0.86%) SELinux
Vendors
1 1,279 (15.58%) Red Hat
2 1,209 (14.73%) Oracle
3 960 (11.69%) VMware
4 826 (10.06%) Microsoft
5 514 (6.26%) Google
6 459 (5.59%) Splunk
7 434 (5.29%) Cisco
8 281 (3.42%) IBM
9 234 (2.85%) Atlassian
10 170 (2.07%) Citrix
11 159 (1.94%) HP
12 146 (1.78%) NetApp
13 142 (1.73%) Qualys
14 132 (1.61%) ServiceNow
15 129 (1.57%) SAP
16 124 (1.51%) EMC
17 117 (1.43%) Sybase
18 99 (1.21%) Dell
18 99 (1.21%) New Relic
19 94 (1.14%) Cloudera