Period
to 24 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 24 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
24 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 11 19
Rank change year-on-year -1 +8 +4
Contract jobs citing Linux 8805 10494 8466
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.26% 9.54% 7.44%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.78% 42.72% 34.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 5800 7009 5321
UK median daily rate £460 £443 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.95% +7.27% +3.13%
10th Percentile £315 £300 £270
90th Percentile £613 £590 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +4.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 170 232 295
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% -
10th Percentile £23.64 £18.09 £17.28
90th Percentile £51.30 £49.39 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -

Linux is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19663 24565 24757
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.68% 22.33% 21.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 12400 15460 14359
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £193 £210 £181
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1140 1303 1958
UK median hourly rate £16.39 £16.50 £16.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.67% +2.10% +1.75%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.50 £44.50 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £16.50 £15.86
% change year-on-year -6.06% +4.04% +2.32%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 24 July 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 24 July 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 24 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 7984 £475 +5.56% 1379
UK excluding London +1 4636 £425 +6.25% 865
London 0 4027 £500 +5.26% 570
South East 0 1635 £425 +1.19% 288
North of England 0 1013 £425 +3.66% 200
Midlands -2 476 £450 +8.43% 81
North West 0 454 £425 +1.19% 107
East of England +9 419 £450 +5.88% 150
Scotland +5 412 £400 - 43
South West +2 390 £425 +9.68% 88
Yorkshire -1 360 £450 +3.75% 86
West Midlands -1 282 £475 +14.46% 52
Northern Ireland +23 204 £420 +40.00% 1
North East +4 202 £375 +20.97% 7
East Midlands -5 192 £375 -11.76% 29
Wales +18 114 £444 +14.52% 12

For the 6 months to 24 July 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2882 (32.73%) Unix
2 2716 (30.85%) Java
3 2607 (29.61%) DevOps
4 2527 (28.70%) Agile Software Development
5 2501 (28.40%) Python
6 2234 (25.37%) Windows
7 1767 (20.07%) Amazon AWS
8 1766 (20.06%) Puppet
9 1737 (19.73%) Git (software)
10 1729 (19.64%) Jenkins
11 1721 (19.55%) SQL
12 1569 (17.82%) Finance
13 1558 (17.69%) Oracle
14 1518 (17.24%) Ansible
15 1457 (16.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 1383 (15.71%) Red Hat
17 1361 (15.46%) Docker
18 1318 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
19 1313 (14.91%) Configuration Management
20 1187 (13.48%) VMware
21 1175 (13.34%) Security Cleared
22 1066 (12.11%) Bash Shell
23 1059 (12.03%) Perl
24 1041 (11.82%) JavaScript
25 985 (11.19%) Ruby
26 922 (10.47%) SC Cleared
27 899 (10.21%) Open Source
28 883 (10.03%) Opscode Chef
29 847 (9.62%) MySQL
30 843 (9.57%) Web Services

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 744 (8.45%) Apache
2 528 (6.00%) Tomcat
3 435 (4.94%) Confluence
4 422 (4.79%) JBoss
5 316 (3.59%) WebLogic
6 312 (3.54%) OpenStack
7 287 (3.26%) nginx
8 282 (3.20%) Elasticsearch
9 266 (3.02%) WebSphere
10 228 (2.59%) Apache Spark
11 209 (2.37%) IIS
12 101 (1.15%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 94 (1.07%) SharePoint
14 88 (1.00%) MS Exchange
15 78 (0.89%) Cloud Foundry
16 66 (0.75%) Apache Solr
17 64 (0.73%) CMS
18 58 (0.66%) Drupal
19 57 (0.65%) SAS
20 56 (0.64%) WordPress
Applications
1 88 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
2 67 (0.76%) Microsoft Excel
3 36 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 20 (0.23%) HipChat
5 18 (0.20%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 18 (0.20%) Microsoft Project
6 17 (0.19%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.091%) Simulink
9 7 (0.080%) Adobe Illustrator
9 7 (0.080%) SPSS
9 7 (0.080%) Stata
10 4 (0.045%) Chatbot
10 4 (0.045%) Doxygen
10 4 (0.045%) InfoPath
11 3 (0.034%) Houdini
11 3 (0.034%) Maya
11 3 (0.034%) NUKE
12 2 (0.023%) OrCAD
13 1 (0.011%) Mozilla Thunderbird
Business Applications
1 25 (0.28%) SAP ERP
2 21 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
3 20 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
4 19 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
5 15 (0.17%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 15 (0.17%) RMDS
6 14 (0.16%) ION MarketView
6 14 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
6 14 (0.16%) Temenos T24
7 13 (0.15%) BusinessWorks
7 13 (0.15%) Payment Gateway
8 11 (0.12%) Oracle Retail
9 10 (0.11%) Magento
9 10 (0.11%) Maximo
9 10 (0.11%) Oracle Utilities
10 9 (0.10%) Oracle EBS R12
10 9 (0.10%) Remedy ITSM
11 8 (0.091%) Actimize
11 8 (0.091%) SAP Hybris
12 6 (0.068%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 1767 (20.07%) Amazon AWS
2 595 (6.76%) Microsoft Azure
3 300 (3.41%) GitHub
4 272 (3.09%) AWS CloudFormation
5 221 (2.51%) PaaS
6 216 (2.45%) Amazon EC2
7 212 (2.41%) IaaS
8 184 (2.09%) Amazon S3
9 178 (2.02%) OpenShift
10 160 (1.82%) Cloud Computing
11 112 (1.27%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 99 (1.12%) SaaS
13 93 (1.06%) Google Cloud Platform
14 71 (0.81%) Amazon ELB
15 69 (0.78%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 68 (0.77%) AWS Lambda
17 65 (0.74%) Office 365
18 54 (0.61%) Route 53
19 36 (0.41%) Amazon SQS
20 32 (0.36%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 703 (7.98%) Firewall
2 680 (7.72%) TCP/IP
3 665 (7.55%) HTTP
4 496 (5.63%) DNS
5 419 (4.76%) SSL
6 374 (4.25%) SAN
7 329 (3.74%) LDAP
8 267 (3.03%) VPN
9 242 (2.75%) WAN
10 226 (2.57%) LAN
11 189 (2.15%) Internet
12 174 (1.98%) DHCP
13 156 (1.77%) Network Security
14 130 (1.48%) NAS
15 120 (1.36%) Kerberos
16 119 (1.35%) SSH
17 100 (1.14%) Wireless
18 90 (1.02%) HTTPS
19 84 (0.95%) IPsec
20 83 (0.94%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 847 (9.62%) MySQL
2 712 (8.09%) Relational Database
3 660 (7.50%) SQL Server
4 590 (6.70%) MongoDB
5 569 (6.46%) PostgreSQL
6 462 (5.25%) NoSQL
7 460 (5.22%) Hadoop
8 436 (4.95%) Big Data
9 384 (4.36%) Oracle Database
10 256 (2.91%) Apache Cassandra
11 227 (2.58%) RDBMS
12 195 (2.21%) Apache Hive
13 174 (1.98%) HBase
14 154 (1.75%) DB2
15 126 (1.43%) Redis
16 117 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
16 117 (1.33%) Oracle Database 11g
17 97 (1.10%) Amazon RDS
18 93 (1.06%) KDB
19 78 (0.89%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1737 (19.73%) Git (software)
2 1729 (19.64%) Jenkins
3 711 (8.07%) JIRA
4 498 (5.66%) Subversion
5 491 (5.58%) Maven
6 297 (3.37%) Sonatype Nexus
7 289 (3.28%) JUnit
8 254 (2.88%) TeamCity
9 217 (2.46%) GitLab
10 213 (2.42%) Cucumber
11 187 (2.12%) Selenium
12 175 (1.99%) Artifactory
13 170 (1.93%) Vagrant
14 159 (1.81%) Bitbucket
15 154 (1.75%) Ant
16 150 (1.70%) IntelliJ
17 127 (1.44%) Eclipse
18 125 (1.42%) Team Foundation Server
19 120 (1.36%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 120 (1.36%) Gradle
General
1 1569 (17.82%) Finance
2 832 (9.45%) Banking
3 337 (3.83%) Front Office
4 306 (3.48%) Telecoms
5 279 (3.17%) Investment Banking
6 168 (1.91%) Marketing
7 153 (1.74%) Retail
8 136 (1.54%) Manufacturing
9 128 (1.45%) Electronics
10 83 (0.94%) Financial Institution
11 55 (0.62%) Games
12 53 (0.60%) Law
13 50 (0.57%) Publishing
14 48 (0.55%) Legal
15 45 (0.51%) Back Office
16 34 (0.39%) Billing
17 26 (0.30%) Retail Banking
18 23 (0.26%) French Language
19 21 (0.24%) Advertising
20 19 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2463 (27.97%) Developer
2 1522 (17.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 886 (10.06%) Java Developer
4 751 (8.53%) Linux Engineer
5 591 (6.71%) Administrator
6 469 (5.33%) Consultant
7 456 (5.18%) Architect
8 448 (5.09%) AWS Engineer
9 432 (4.91%) Analyst
10 403 (4.58%) AWS DevOps
11 389 (4.42%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 355 (4.03%) C++ Developer
13 338 (3.84%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 325 (3.69%) Senior Developer
15 319 (3.62%) Systems Administrator
16 311 (3.53%) Linux Administrator
17 302 (3.43%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 301 (3.42%) Cloud Engineer
19 285 (3.24%) Software Engineer
20 225 (2.56%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 843 (9.57%) Web Services
2 842 (9.56%) HTML
3 752 (8.54%) CSS
4 625 (7.10%) REST
5 617 (7.01%) Spring
6 529 (6.01%) JSON
7 511 (5.80%) XML
8 458 (5.20%) Node.js
9 437 (4.96%) Middleware
10 385 (4.37%) RESTful
11 351 (3.99%) J2EE
12 348 (3.95%) HTML5
13 347 (3.94%) Elastic Stack
14 340 (3.86%) .NET
15 330 (3.75%) SOAP
16 264 (3.00%) AngularJS
17 236 (2.68%) jQuery
18 233 (2.65%) Kafka
19 220 (2.50%) LAMP
19 220 (2.50%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 562 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
2 423 (4.80%) Data Centre
3 333 (3.78%) Computer Science
4 265 (3.01%) Linux Command Line
5 248 (2.82%) Clustering
6 200 (2.27%) Greenfield Project
7 164 (1.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 164 (1.86%) Management Information System
8 154 (1.75%) Public Cloud
9 135 (1.53%) Enterprise Software
10 129 (1.47%) User Experience
11 128 (1.45%) Equities
12 119 (1.35%) Replication
13 112 (1.27%) Fintech
14 105 (1.19%) Client/Server
14 105 (1.19%) PKI
15 101 (1.15%) Algorithms
16 95 (1.08%) Fixed Income
17 86 (0.98%) Private Cloud
18 81 (0.92%) Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2882 (32.73%) Unix
2 2234 (25.37%) Windows
3 1457 (16.55%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 660 (7.50%) CentOS
5 623 (7.08%) Solaris
6 556 (6.31%) Windows Server
7 489 (5.55%) AIX
8 413 (4.69%) Ubuntu
9 250 (2.84%) Windows Server 2012
10 246 (2.79%) Windows Server 2008
11 236 (2.68%) Mac OS X
12 153 (1.74%) SUSE
13 126 (1.43%) HPUX
14 124 (1.41%) Debian
15 100 (1.14%) Windows Server 2003
16 90 (1.02%) Mac OS
17 83 (0.94%) Windows 7
18 75 (0.85%) Android
19 68 (0.77%) Windows 10
20 62 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2607 (29.61%) DevOps
2 2527 (28.70%) Agile Software Development
3 1318 (14.97%) Continuous Integration
4 1313 (14.91%) Configuration Management
5 899 (10.21%) Open Source
6 806 (9.15%) Test Automation
7 788 (8.95%) Scrum
8 737 (8.37%) TDD
9 672 (7.63%) Software Engineering
10 625 (7.10%) Microservices
11 594 (6.75%) Migration
12 525 (5.96%) Continuous Delivery
13 481 (5.46%) ITIL
14 437 (4.96%) OO
15 393 (4.46%) SDLC
16 378 (4.29%) Mentoring
17 357 (4.05%) Web Development
18 353 (4.01%) High Availability
19 337 (3.83%) Analytics
20 325 (3.69%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 2716 (30.85%) Java
2 2501 (28.40%) Python
3 1721 (19.55%) SQL
4 1066 (12.11%) Bash Shell
5 1059 (12.03%) Perl
6 1041 (11.82%) JavaScript
7 985 (11.19%) Ruby
8 725 (8.23%) C++
9 683 (7.76%) Shell Script
10 433 (4.92%) Scala
11 427 (4.85%) PowerShell
12 406 (4.61%) C
13 387 (4.40%) PHP
14 357 (4.05%) C#
15 236 (2.68%) PL/SQL
16 199 (2.26%) Go
16 199 (2.26%) Korn
17 118 (1.34%) Groovy
18 99 (1.12%) T-SQL
19 78 (0.89%) R
Qualifications
1 1175 (13.34%) Security Cleared
2 922 (10.47%) SC Cleared
3 464 (5.27%) Degree
4 134 (1.52%) Computer Science Degree
5 133 (1.51%) CISSP
6 131 (1.49%) DV Cleared
7 128 (1.45%) Cisco Certification
8 97 (1.10%) RHCE
9 84 (0.95%) Microsoft Certification
10 78 (0.89%) BPSS Clearance
11 70 (0.80%) CCNA
12 68 (0.77%) SANS
13 65 (0.74%) CCNP
14 55 (0.62%) RHCSA
15 50 (0.57%) ISEB
16 49 (0.56%) MCSE
17 47 (0.53%) AWS Certification
18 39 (0.44%) ISTQB
19 37 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
20 34 (0.39%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 249 (2.83%) QA
2 94 (1.07%) SLA
3 71 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
4 66 (0.75%) PCI DSS
5 49 (0.56%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 37 (0.42%) MiFID
7 27 (0.31%) Data Quality
8 26 (0.30%) JSP 440
9 15 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 12 (0.14%) GPG13
10 12 (0.14%) PMO
11 11 (0.12%) GCP
11 11 (0.12%) MISRA
12 10 (0.11%) Def Stans
13 9 (0.10%) ISO 20022
14 8 (0.091%) ISO 9001
14 8 (0.091%) MISRA C
15 7 (0.080%) COBIT
15 7 (0.080%) FATCA
15 7 (0.080%) NIST 800
System Software
1 1361 (15.46%) Docker
2 602 (6.84%) VMware Infrastructure
3 582 (6.61%) Active Directory
4 200 (2.27%) Virtual Machines
5 148 (1.68%) VMware ESXi
6 146 (1.66%) vSphere
7 144 (1.64%) Hyper-V
8 124 (1.41%) HDFS
9 89 (1.01%) NFS
10 85 (0.97%) KVM
11 82 (0.93%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 81 (0.92%) Oracle RAC
12 81 (0.92%) vCloud
13 80 (0.91%) Xen
14 79 (0.90%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 66 (0.75%) Apache Flume
16 52 (0.59%) LXC
17 48 (0.55%) Firmware
18 46 (0.52%) Veritas Volume Manager
19 40 (0.45%) Samba
Systems Management
1 1766 (20.06%) Puppet
2 1518 (17.24%) Ansible
3 883 (10.03%) Opscode Chef
4 569 (6.46%) Kubernetes
5 530 (6.02%) Terraform
6 234 (2.66%) Nagios
7 187 (2.12%) Kibana
8 174 (1.98%) logstash
9 119 (1.35%) ZABBIX
10 105 (1.19%) NetBackup
11 102 (1.16%) Grafana
12 99 (1.12%) Graphite
13 97 (1.10%) Packer
14 94 (1.07%) Salt
15 83 (0.94%) Prometheus
16 82 (0.93%) SCCM
17 77 (0.87%) HAProxy
18 70 (0.80%) Tivoli Storage Manager
19 67 (0.76%) Mesos
20 64 (0.73%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 1558 (17.69%) Oracle
2 1383 (15.71%) Red Hat
3 1187 (13.48%) VMware
4 618 (7.02%) Microsoft
5 417 (4.74%) Cisco
6 413 (4.69%) IBM
7 347 (3.94%) HP
8 280 (3.18%) Splunk
9 273 (3.10%) Sybase
10 271 (3.08%) Google
11 224 (2.54%) Citrix
12 214 (2.43%) SAP
13 204 (2.32%) Veritas
14 175 (1.99%) Atlassian
15 162 (1.84%) TIBCO
16 158 (1.79%) EMC
17 156 (1.77%) Sun
18 128 (1.45%) NetApp
19 122 (1.39%) Cloudera
19 122 (1.39%) F5
London
Hays Finance Technology
Posted: 20 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Edgar Cowen
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Oxfordshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £395 - £485 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £400.00 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
Montash
Rate: £400 - £600 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £400.00 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £450.00 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Pioneer Search
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Central London / West End
Aim Hire Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Negotiable Daily Rate. 3 month contract with possible exte
Posted: 13 hours ago
Surrey
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £275 - £300 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Spring Technology
Posted: 20 hours ago
West London
Spencer Rose
Rate: From £380 to £385 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Sopra Steria Recruitment
Rate: Negotiable day rate
Posted: 19 hours ago
Wiltshire
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £450.00 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £500 - £530 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Colston Consulting
Rate: £325 - £400 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Central London / West End
Aim Hire Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Negotiable Daily Rate. 3 month contract with possible exte
Posted: 13 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £530 to £574 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
PCR
Rate: £230 - £255 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £270 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Surrey
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: Competitive Daily Rate
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Premier Group Recruitment
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £600 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago
London
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £449 to £599 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
City, London
Thebes IT
Posted: 20 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 12 hours ago
Surrey
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £500.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago