Period
to 17 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 17 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK
6 months to
17 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 12 10 18
Rank change year-on-year -2 +8 +5
Contract jobs citing Linux 8884 10423 8546
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 9.29% 9.58% 7.58%
As % of the Operating Systems category 44.67% 42.97% 34.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 5834 6975 5375
UK median daily rate £465 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.33% +9.09% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £275
90th Percentile £613 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £410 £375
% change year-on-year +3.66% +9.33% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 222 310
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +4.17%
10th Percentile £24.80 £18.09 £17.51
90th Percentile £51.05 £48.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% -

Linux is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 19887 24257 24490
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 20.79% 22.30% 21.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 12502 15309 14286
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
10th Percentile £190 £209 £185
90th Percentile £588 £575 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +3.33% +7.14% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1142 1289 1943
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.50 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.03% - +3.13%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.60 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £43.75 £40.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
% change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 17 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the UK

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux over the 6 months to 17 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the UK

Linux
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the UK over the 6 months to 17 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 8103 £475 +5.56% 1362
UK excluding London 0 4588 £425 +3.66% 812
London 0 4158 £513 +7.89% 617
South East 0 1639 £425 - 246
North of England 0 981 £425 +3.66% 199
Midlands -3 483 £423 -0.59% 93
North West -1 445 £425 +0.59% 105
East of England +7 438 £447 +11.75% 110
Scotland +5 409 £415 +7.10% 58
South West +4 375 £425 +6.25% 96
Yorkshire -2 348 £450 +2.86% 81
West Midlands -5 275 £475 +14.46% 57
Northern Ireland +23 209 £420 +40.00% 6
East Midlands 0 208 £375 -11.76% 36
North East +3 196 £350 +11.55% 13
Wales +4 79 £425 +6.25% 5

For the 6 months to 17 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Linux.

1 2966 (33.39%) Unix
2 2692 (30.30%) Java
3 2579 (29.03%) DevOps
4 2494 (28.07%) Python
5 2437 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
6 2275 (25.61%) Windows
7 1808 (20.35%) Amazon AWS
8 1774 (19.97%) Puppet
9 1744 (19.63%) SQL
10 1708 (19.23%) Jenkins
11 1694 (19.07%) Git (software)
12 1614 (18.17%) Finance
13 1537 (17.30%) Oracle
14 1530 (17.22%) Ansible
15 1471 (16.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
16 1436 (16.16%) Docker
17 1355 (15.25%) Red Hat
18 1309 (14.73%) Continuous Integration
19 1223 (13.77%) Configuration Management
20 1163 (13.09%) VMware
21 1150 (12.94%) Security Cleared
22 1068 (12.02%) Perl
23 1058 (11.91%) Bash Shell
24 1015 (11.43%) JavaScript
25 938 (10.56%) Ruby
26 888 (10.00%) Opscode Chef
27 886 (9.97%) SC Cleared
28 873 (9.83%) MySQL
29 865 (9.74%) Banking
30 847 (9.53%) Open Source

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 744 (8.37%) Apache
2 544 (6.12%) Tomcat
3 438 (4.93%) Confluence
4 410 (4.62%) JBoss
5 339 (3.82%) OpenStack
6 306 (3.44%) Elasticsearch
7 289 (3.25%) WebLogic
8 269 (3.03%) nginx
9 259 (2.92%) Apache Spark
10 250 (2.81%) WebSphere
11 209 (2.35%) IIS
12 103 (1.16%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 87 (0.98%) MS Exchange
14 86 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
15 85 (0.96%) SharePoint
16 75 (0.84%) Apache Solr
17 72 (0.81%) SAS
18 68 (0.77%) CMS
19 58 (0.65%) Drupal
20 57 (0.64%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 83 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
2 77 (0.87%) Microsoft Excel
3 39 (0.44%) MS Visio
4 23 (0.26%) HipChat
4 23 (0.26%) Photoshop
5 22 (0.25%) Microsoft Project
6 19 (0.21%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 11 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
8 8 (0.090%) Simulink
8 8 (0.090%) Spreadsheet
9 7 (0.079%) Stata
10 6 (0.068%) Chatbot
10 6 (0.068%) Houdini
10 6 (0.068%) Maya
10 6 (0.068%) NUKE
11 5 (0.056%) SPSS
12 4 (0.045%) Doxygen
12 4 (0.045%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.034%) InVision
13 3 (0.034%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 27 (0.30%) SAP ERP
2 24 (0.27%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
3 19 (0.21%) ION MarketView
4 16 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
5 15 (0.17%) RMDS
6 14 (0.16%) Magento
6 14 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
7 13 (0.15%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
8 12 (0.14%) Oracle Retail
8 12 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
9 11 (0.12%) Maximo
9 11 (0.12%) Temenos T24
10 10 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
10 10 (0.11%) Markit EDM
10 10 (0.11%) Oracle 11i
10 10 (0.11%) Payment Gateway
11 9 (0.10%) Actimize
11 9 (0.10%) SAP Hybris
12 8 (0.090%) Oracle BPM
13 7 (0.079%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 1808 (20.35%) Amazon AWS
2 607 (6.83%) Microsoft Azure
3 319 (3.59%) GitHub
4 258 (2.90%) AWS CloudFormation
5 234 (2.63%) Amazon EC2
6 227 (2.56%) PaaS
7 221 (2.49%) IaaS
8 194 (2.18%) Amazon S3
9 189 (2.13%) OpenShift
10 169 (1.90%) Cloud Computing
11 124 (1.40%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 104 (1.17%) SaaS
13 92 (1.04%) Google Cloud Platform
14 80 (0.90%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 73 (0.82%) Office 365
16 71 (0.80%) Amazon ELB
17 67 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
18 59 (0.66%) Route 53
19 39 (0.44%) Amazon SQS
20 30 (0.34%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 741 (8.34%) Firewall
2 672 (7.56%) TCP/IP
3 635 (7.15%) HTTP
4 515 (5.80%) DNS
5 395 (4.45%) SAN
6 382 (4.30%) SSL
7 339 (3.82%) LDAP
8 272 (3.06%) VPN
9 250 (2.81%) WAN
10 227 (2.56%) LAN
11 197 (2.22%) Internet
12 177 (1.99%) DHCP
13 152 (1.71%) Network Security
14 138 (1.55%) NAS
15 130 (1.46%) SSH
16 111 (1.25%) Kerberos
17 107 (1.20%) Wireless
18 89 (1.00%) HTTPS
19 75 (0.84%) IPsec
20 71 (0.80%) Fibre Channel
Database & Business Intelligence
1 873 (9.83%) MySQL
2 726 (8.17%) Relational Database
3 665 (7.49%) SQL Server
4 592 (6.66%) MongoDB
5 568 (6.39%) PostgreSQL
6 469 (5.28%) Hadoop
7 453 (5.10%) NoSQL
8 434 (4.89%) Big Data
9 333 (3.75%) Oracle Database
10 243 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 233 (2.62%) RDBMS
12 205 (2.31%) Apache Hive
13 198 (2.23%) HBase
14 171 (1.92%) DB2
15 117 (1.32%) Amazon RDS
16 114 (1.28%) Data Warehouse
17 113 (1.27%) Redis
18 97 (1.09%) KDB
19 85 (0.96%) Impala
20 83 (0.93%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1708 (19.23%) Jenkins
2 1694 (19.07%) Git (software)
3 738 (8.31%) JIRA
4 497 (5.59%) Maven
5 478 (5.38%) Subversion
6 330 (3.71%) Sonatype Nexus
7 303 (3.41%) JUnit
8 237 (2.67%) TeamCity
9 232 (2.61%) GitLab
10 200 (2.25%) Cucumber
11 198 (2.23%) Artifactory
12 178 (2.00%) Bitbucket
13 175 (1.97%) Selenium
14 167 (1.88%) IntelliJ
15 166 (1.87%) Vagrant
16 151 (1.70%) Ant
17 133 (1.50%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 129 (1.45%) Eclipse
19 125 (1.41%) Gradle
20 116 (1.31%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 1614 (18.17%) Finance
2 865 (9.74%) Banking
3 346 (3.89%) Front Office
4 322 (3.62%) Telecoms
5 302 (3.40%) Investment Banking
6 186 (2.09%) Marketing
7 164 (1.85%) Retail
8 149 (1.68%) Manufacturing
9 140 (1.58%) Electronics
10 91 (1.02%) Financial Institution
11 63 (0.71%) Games
12 55 (0.62%) Publishing
13 52 (0.59%) Legal
14 45 (0.51%) Law
15 42 (0.47%) Back Office
16 33 (0.37%) Billing
17 31 (0.35%) Advertising
18 26 (0.29%) Retail Banking
19 25 (0.28%) French Language
20 24 (0.27%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2485 (27.97%) Developer
2 1532 (17.24%) DevOps Engineer
3 891 (10.03%) Java Developer
4 781 (8.79%) Linux Engineer
5 636 (7.16%) Administrator
6 497 (5.59%) Consultant
7 471 (5.30%) AWS Engineer
8 446 (5.02%) Analyst
9 436 (4.91%) Architect
10 422 (4.75%) AWS DevOps
11 404 (4.55%) Linux/Unix DevOps
12 369 (4.15%) C++ Developer
13 359 (4.04%) AWS DevOps Engineer
14 343 (3.86%) Senior Developer
15 341 (3.84%) Systems Administrator
16 329 (3.70%) Linux Administrator
17 318 (3.58%) Linux DevOps Engineer
18 308 (3.47%) Cloud Engineer
19 269 (3.03%) Software Engineer
20 236 (2.66%) Linux Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 834 (9.39%) Web Services
2 807 (9.08%) HTML
3 746 (8.40%) CSS
4 641 (7.22%) REST
5 629 (7.08%) Spring
6 551 (6.20%) XML
7 542 (6.10%) JSON
8 476 (5.36%) Middleware
9 466 (5.25%) Node.js
10 420 (4.73%) RESTful
11 358 (4.03%) Elastic Stack
12 343 (3.86%) J2EE
13 327 (3.68%) HTML5
14 325 (3.66%) .NET
15 321 (3.61%) SOAP
16 282 (3.17%) AngularJS
17 252 (2.84%) Kafka
18 225 (2.53%) jQuery
19 219 (2.47%) LAMP
20 211 (2.38%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 596 (6.71%) Analytical Skills
2 433 (4.87%) Data Centre
3 336 (3.78%) Computer Science
4 264 (2.97%) Linux Command Line
5 240 (2.70%) Clustering
6 195 (2.19%) Greenfield Project
7 177 (1.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 162 (1.82%) Public Cloud
9 160 (1.80%) Management Information System
10 153 (1.72%) User Experience
11 141 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
12 135 (1.52%) Equities
13 129 (1.45%) Replication
14 111 (1.25%) PKI
15 103 (1.16%) Algorithms
16 101 (1.14%) Fintech
16 101 (1.14%) Private Cloud
17 95 (1.07%) Client/Server
17 95 (1.07%) Fixed Income
18 87 (0.98%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 2966 (33.39%) Unix
2 2275 (25.61%) Windows
3 1471 (16.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 664 (7.47%) Solaris
5 663 (7.46%) CentOS
6 551 (6.20%) Windows Server
7 479 (5.39%) AIX
8 413 (4.65%) Ubuntu
9 240 (2.70%) Windows Server 2012
10 233 (2.62%) Windows Server 2008
11 228 (2.57%) Mac OS X
12 170 (1.91%) SUSE
13 136 (1.53%) HPUX
14 122 (1.37%) Debian
15 94 (1.06%) Windows Server 2003
16 90 (1.01%) Windows 7
17 89 (1.00%) Mac OS
18 64 (0.72%) Windows 10
19 63 (0.71%) Android
20 62 (0.70%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 2579 (29.03%) DevOps
2 2437 (27.43%) Agile Software Development
3 1309 (14.73%) Continuous Integration
4 1223 (13.77%) Configuration Management
5 847 (9.53%) Open Source
6 775 (8.72%) Scrum
7 773 (8.70%) TDD
8 766 (8.62%) Test Automation
9 676 (7.61%) Software Engineering
10 640 (7.20%) Microservices
11 625 (7.04%) Migration
12 529 (5.95%) Continuous Delivery
13 490 (5.52%) ITIL
14 448 (5.04%) OO
15 383 (4.31%) Mentoring
16 371 (4.18%) Load Balancing
17 362 (4.07%) High Availability
18 355 (4.00%) Analytics
18 355 (4.00%) SDLC
19 347 (3.91%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 2692 (30.30%) Java
2 2494 (28.07%) Python
3 1744 (19.63%) SQL
4 1068 (12.02%) Perl
5 1058 (11.91%) Bash Shell
6 1015 (11.43%) JavaScript
7 938 (10.56%) Ruby
8 737 (8.30%) C++
9 706 (7.95%) Shell Script
10 436 (4.91%) PowerShell
11 405 (4.56%) Scala
12 402 (4.52%) C
13 381 (4.29%) PHP
14 334 (3.76%) C#
15 220 (2.48%) Korn
16 209 (2.35%) Go
17 206 (2.32%) PL/SQL
18 125 (1.41%) Groovy
19 102 (1.15%) T-SQL
20 69 (0.78%) R
Qualifications
1 1150 (12.94%) Security Cleared
2 886 (9.97%) SC Cleared
3 462 (5.20%) Degree
4 139 (1.56%) Computer Science Degree
5 128 (1.44%) Cisco Certification
6 126 (1.42%) CISSP
7 123 (1.38%) DV Cleared
8 88 (0.99%) RHCE
9 85 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 72 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
11 69 (0.78%) CCNA
12 68 (0.77%) CCNP
13 59 (0.66%) SANS
14 56 (0.63%) AWS Certification
15 53 (0.60%) RHCSA
16 51 (0.57%) MCSE
17 42 (0.47%) ISEB
18 38 (0.43%) CISM
19 36 (0.41%) ISTQB
20 34 (0.38%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 260 (2.93%) QA
2 89 (1.00%) SLA
3 68 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
4 67 (0.75%) PCI DSS
5 55 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 39 (0.44%) MiFID
7 35 (0.39%) Data Quality
8 17 (0.19%) JSP 440
9 15 (0.17%) GCP
9 15 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 14 (0.16%) GPG13
11 13 (0.15%) MISRA
12 11 (0.12%) PMO
13 10 (0.11%) Def Stans
13 10 (0.11%) NIST 800
14 9 (0.10%) ISO 20022
15 8 (0.090%) COBIT
15 8 (0.090%) EMIR
15 8 (0.090%) MISRA C
16 7 (0.079%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1436 (16.16%) Docker
2 576 (6.48%) Active Directory
3 571 (6.43%) VMware Infrastructure
4 207 (2.33%) Virtual Machines
5 157 (1.77%) vSphere
6 152 (1.71%) VMware ESXi
7 143 (1.61%) Hyper-V
8 136 (1.53%) HDFS
9 102 (1.15%) NFS
10 91 (1.02%) KVM
11 82 (0.92%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 79 (0.89%) Xen
13 77 (0.87%) Apache Flume
14 75 (0.84%) Veritas Cluster Server
15 71 (0.80%) vCloud
16 66 (0.74%) Oracle RAC
17 54 (0.61%) Samba
18 53 (0.60%) LXC
19 50 (0.56%) Veritas Volume Manager
20 48 (0.54%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 1774 (19.97%) Puppet
2 1530 (17.22%) Ansible
3 888 (10.00%) Opscode Chef
4 642 (7.23%) Kubernetes
5 592 (6.66%) Terraform
6 224 (2.52%) Nagios
7 208 (2.34%) logstash
8 204 (2.30%) Kibana
9 127 (1.43%) ZABBIX
10 110 (1.24%) Grafana
11 106 (1.19%) NetBackup
12 100 (1.13%) Packer
13 93 (1.05%) Graphite
14 90 (1.01%) Prometheus
15 86 (0.97%) Salt
16 84 (0.95%) HAProxy
17 83 (0.93%) SCCM
18 75 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
18 75 (0.84%) Rancher
19 73 (0.82%) Tivoli Storage Manager
Vendors
1 1537 (17.30%) Oracle
2 1355 (15.25%) Red Hat
3 1163 (13.09%) VMware
4 623 (7.01%) Microsoft
5 427 (4.81%) Cisco
6 414 (4.66%) IBM
7 335 (3.77%) HP
8 279 (3.14%) Sybase
9 274 (3.08%) Splunk
10 266 (2.99%) Google
11 235 (2.65%) SAP
12 227 (2.56%) Citrix
13 202 (2.27%) Veritas
14 172 (1.94%) Atlassian
15 163 (1.83%) Sun
16 154 (1.73%) EMC
17 149 (1.68%) F5
17 149 (1.68%) TIBCO
18 140 (1.58%) NetApp
19 129 (1.45%) Cloudera