Period
to 25 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for C++ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C++ over the 6 months to 25 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C++
UK
6 months to
25 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 155 107 112
Rank change year-on-year -48 +5 +22
Contract jobs citing C++ 1,507 752 1,861
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 1.78% 2.36% 2.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.49% 5.59% 5.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 991 416 932
10th Percentile £400 £333 £320
25th Percentile £475 £413 £375
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £463
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +13.51% -11.90%
75th Percentile £750 £650 £603
90th Percentile £825 £775 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £415 £420
% change year-on-year +12.05% -1.19% +1.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 40 191
10th Percentile £42.50 £39.19 £40.25
25th Percentile £46.25 £41.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate £51.88 £45.00 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +15.28% -5.26% +6.15%
75th Percentile £63.94 £48.75 £51.75
90th Percentile £69.50 £54.35 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £52.50 £45.00 £47.50
% change year-on-year +16.67% -5.26% +5.56%

C++ is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 33,544 13,444 35,421
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.54% 42.22% 41.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 24,180 9,414 24,851
10th Percentile £363 £310 £320
25th Percentile £425 £394 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £480 £475
Median % change year-on-year +9.38% +1.05% -
75th Percentile £625 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +8.82% - +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 448 279 644
10th Percentile £17.50 £12.40 £19.18
25th Percentile £25.50 £20.44 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.50 £38.50 £44.50
Median % change year-on-year +18.18% -13.48% +6.55%
75th Percentile £60.00 £47.50 £50.38
90th Percentile £68.75 £57.17 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £37.75 £44.00
% change year-on-year +19.21% -14.20% +4.43%

C++
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing C++ as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for C++ in the UK

C++
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C++.

Daily rate trend for C++ in the UK

C++
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C++ over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C++ in the UK

C++
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C++.

Hourly rate trend for C++ in the UK

C++
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C++ over the 6 months to 25 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C++ in the UK

C++
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C++ within the UK over the 6 months to 25 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -29 1,395 £600 +14.29% 1,097
London -25 892 £650 +8.33% 376
UK excluding London -36 481 £465 +12.05% 794
Work from Home -104 250 £550 +15.79% 212
South West +21 137 £470 +1.62% 141
South East -56 118 £450 +1.12% 189
East of England -23 104 £400 - 143
North of England -48 56 £500 +44.93% 122
Midlands -53 34 £450 +2.86% 125
North West -38 28 £463 +24.16% 70
West Midlands -50 26 £456 +32.25% 61
Scotland -59 24 £450 +9.76% 46
Yorkshire -34 23 £500 +48.15% 36
East Midlands -37 8 £438 - 62
Wales -24 7 £509 +18.60% 16
North East -3 5 £404 +24.23% 16
Northern Ireland -9 3 £488 +24.84% 13

For the 6 months to 25 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C++ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for C++.

1 722 (47.91%) Java
2 706 (46.85%) Python
3 539 (35.77%) C#
4 505 (33.51%) Software Engineering
5 469 (31.12%) Agile Software Development
6 378 (25.08%) SQL
7 375 (24.88%) C
8 372 (24.68%) Finance
9 370 (24.55%) Linux
10 350 (23.22%) Social Skills
11 270 (17.92%) Banking
12 265 (17.58%) Windows
13 262 (17.39%) Azure
14 256 (16.99%) .NET
15 238 (15.79%) Front Office
16 225 (14.93%) JavaScript
16 225 (14.93%) Git (software)
17 224 (14.86%) DevOps
18 221 (14.66%) Degree
19 214 (14.20%) OO
20 207 (13.74%) AWS
21 206 (13.67%) Security Cleared
22 188 (12.48%) Test Automation
23 186 (12.34%) SC Cleared
24 178 (11.81%) Multithreading
24 178 (11.81%) Computer Science
25 170 (11.28%) Jenkins
25 170 (11.28%) Oracle
26 163 (10.82%) Analytics
27 162 (10.75%) Investment Banking

C++
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (2.99%) Confluence
2 36 (2.39%) Apache Spark
3 30 (1.99%) BizTalk Server
4 29 (1.92%) Apache
5 25 (1.66%) Elasticsearch
6 18 (1.19%) DataSynapse
7 15 (1.00%) OpenStack
7 15 (1.00%) WebSphere
8 12 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
9 10 (0.66%) Oracle Coherence
10 7 (0.46%) Jupyter
11 5 (0.33%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 4 (0.27%) Luigi
12 4 (0.27%) Tomcat
13 3 (0.20%) Ethereum
13 3 (0.20%) Mule
13 3 (0.20%) SAS
14 2 (0.13%) nginx
14 2 (0.13%) Oracle Workflow
14 2 (0.13%) SharePoint
Applications
1 37 (2.46%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.73%) Simulink
3 6 (0.40%) FrameMaker
4 3 (0.20%) Maya
4 3 (0.20%) Microsoft Office
5 2 (0.13%) CPLEX
5 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.066%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.066%) Acrobat
6 1 (0.066%) Houdini
6 1 (0.066%) LaTeX
6 1 (0.066%) Mathcad
6 1 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 1 (0.066%) NUKE
6 1 (0.066%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.066%) SOLIDWORKS
6 1 (0.066%) ZBrush
Business Applications
1 41 (2.72%) SunGard Martini
2 37 (2.46%) ION MarketView
3 12 (0.80%) Orchestrade
4 6 (0.40%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.13%) BASE24
5 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.13%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
6 1 (0.066%) Magento
6 1 (0.066%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.066%) Summit
6 1 (0.066%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 262 (17.39%) Azure
2 207 (13.74%) AWS
3 122 (8.10%) GCP
4 73 (4.84%) Serverless
5 48 (3.19%) AWS CloudFormation
6 42 (2.79%) AWS Lambda
6 42 (2.79%) OpenShift
7 40 (2.65%) GitHub
8 36 (2.39%) Azure Cosmos DB
8 36 (2.39%) Azure Logic Apps
8 36 (2.39%) SaaS
9 34 (2.26%) Azure Functions
10 31 (2.06%) Apigee
11 30 (1.99%) Azure Storage
12 22 (1.46%) PaaS
13 19 (1.26%) IaaS
14 16 (1.06%) Amazon S3
14 16 (1.06%) Power Platform
15 11 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
16 10 (0.66%) Amazon EC2
Communications & Networking
1 70 (4.64%) TCP/IP
2 41 (2.72%) Ethernet
3 21 (1.39%) Network Security
4 20 (1.33%) Firewall
4 20 (1.33%) HTTP
4 20 (1.33%) LAN
5 16 (1.06%) Wireless
6 14 (0.93%) IPv4
6 14 (0.93%) WAN
6 14 (0.93%) Wi-Fi
7 11 (0.73%) Bluetooth
7 11 (0.73%) Internet
8 10 (0.66%) DNS
9 9 (0.60%) 5G
9 9 (0.60%) Modbus
10 8 (0.53%) MQTT
10 8 (0.53%) RS-232
11 7 (0.46%) BGP
11 7 (0.46%) VPN
12 6 (0.40%) 4G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (6.17%) Relational Database
2 70 (4.64%) SQL Server
3 63 (4.18%) NoSQL
4 57 (3.78%) Oracle Database
5 51 (3.38%) MongoDB
6 44 (2.92%) Oracle Database 12c
7 37 (2.46%) Azure SQL Database
8 30 (1.99%) MySQL
9 28 (1.86%) Hadoop
10 24 (1.59%) Big Data
11 21 (1.39%) PostgreSQL
12 18 (1.19%) Apache Cassandra
13 17 (1.13%) Tableau
14 15 (1.00%) Apache Ignite
14 15 (1.00%) Power BI
15 14 (0.93%) Data Warehouse
15 14 (0.93%) GIS
16 13 (0.86%) Apache Hive
17 12 (0.80%) Amazon Redshift
17 12 (0.80%) Data Mart
Development Applications
1 225 (14.93%) Git (software)
2 170 (11.28%) Jenkins
3 124 (8.23%) Subversion
4 117 (7.76%) Visual Studio
5 109 (7.23%) JIRA
6 57 (3.78%) Bitbucket
7 53 (3.52%) Artifactory
8 45 (2.99%) CppUnit
8 45 (2.99%) Oracle APEX
8 45 (2.99%) TeamCity
9 38 (2.52%) Eclipse
10 33 (2.19%) NetBeans
11 32 (2.12%) Rational DOORS
12 31 (2.06%) Robot Framework
13 30 (1.99%) Rational Rhapsody
14 25 (1.66%) Selenium
15 24 (1.59%) GitLab
16 22 (1.46%) Cucumber
16 22 (1.46%) Maven
16 22 (1.46%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 372 (24.68%) Finance
2 350 (23.22%) Social Skills
3 270 (17.92%) Banking
4 238 (15.79%) Front Office
5 162 (10.75%) Investment Banking
6 127 (8.43%) Analytical Skills
7 46 (3.05%) Presentation Skills
8 45 (2.99%) Financial Institution
9 41 (2.72%) Games
10 37 (2.46%) Law
10 37 (2.46%) Public Sector
11 36 (2.39%) Electronics
12 30 (1.99%) Aerospace
13 26 (1.73%) Automotive
14 22 (1.46%) Documentation Skills
14 22 (1.46%) Marketing
15 21 (1.39%) Telecoms
16 20 (1.33%) Military
17 19 (1.26%) Legal
18 18 (1.19%) Back Office
Job Titles
1 796 (52.82%) Developer
2 317 (21.04%) C++ Developer
3 230 (15.26%) Software Engineer
4 146 (9.69%) C# Developer
5 139 (9.22%) Java Developer
6 118 (7.83%) C++ Software Engineer
7 111 (7.37%) Python Developer
8 108 (7.17%) Front Office Developer
9 82 (5.44%) Software Developer
10 81 (5.37%) Architect
11 77 (5.11%) Quantitative Developer
12 68 (4.51%) Analyst
13 65 (4.31%) Full Stack Developer
14 61 (4.05%) Embedded Engineer
15 58 (3.85%) Data Engineer
16 52 (3.45%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 50 (3.32%) C Software Engineer
18 46 (3.05%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
19 45 (2.99%) C++/C# Developer
20 43 (2.85%) Senior Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 256 (16.99%) .NET
2 141 (9.36%) AngularJS
3 129 (8.56%) Node.js
4 105 (6.97%) XML
5 96 (6.37%) React
6 85 (5.64%) STL
7 80 (5.31%) .NET Core
8 70 (4.64%) Boost C++ Libraries
9 68 (4.51%) REST
10 67 (4.45%) .NET Framework
11 66 (4.38%) JSON
12 64 (4.25%) HTML
13 63 (4.18%) Kafka
14 58 (3.85%) Web Services
15 48 (3.19%) Middleware
16 38 (2.52%) GraphQL
17 36 (2.39%) JNI
18 34 (2.26%) Qt
18 34 (2.26%) RESTful
19 33 (2.19%) MFC
Miscellaneous
1 151 (10.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 124 (8.23%) Derivative
3 122 (8.10%) Fixed Income
4 82 (5.44%) Algorithms
5 76 (5.04%) Equities
6 65 (4.31%) Hedge funds
7 57 (3.78%) Data Structures
7 57 (3.78%) Self-Motivation
8 55 (3.65%) Legacy Systems
9 47 (3.12%) Credit Risk
10 46 (3.05%) User Experience
11 43 (2.85%) Data Protection Act
12 42 (2.79%) Cloud Native
13 37 (2.46%) Client/Server
14 34 (2.26%) Market Risk
15 32 (2.12%) Mobile App
16 31 (2.06%) Embedded Systems
17 27 (1.79%) Data Centre
17 27 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
18 24 (1.59%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 370 (24.55%) Linux
2 265 (17.58%) Windows
3 88 (5.84%) Unix
4 50 (3.32%) Android
5 38 (2.52%) Apple iOS
6 19 (1.26%) Embedded Linux
7 16 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.93%) Windows 10
9 12 (0.80%) Windows Server
10 10 (0.66%) Mac OS
11 9 (0.60%) Solaris
12 8 (0.53%) Ubuntu
13 6 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
14 4 (0.27%) CentOS
14 4 (0.27%) FreeRTOS
15 3 (0.20%) AIX
15 3 (0.20%) VxWorks
16 2 (0.13%) Mac OS X
16 2 (0.13%) SafeRTOS
16 2 (0.13%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 505 (33.51%) Software Engineering
2 469 (31.12%) Agile Software Development
3 224 (14.86%) DevOps
4 214 (14.20%) OO
5 188 (12.48%) Test Automation
6 178 (11.81%) Computer Science
6 178 (11.81%) Multithreading
7 163 (10.82%) Analytics
8 155 (10.29%) Continuous Integration
9 154 (10.22%) Microservices
10 151 (10.02%) Scrum
11 150 (9.95%) Full Stack Development
12 148 (9.82%) SDLC
13 138 (9.16%) Problem-Solving
14 128 (8.49%) TDD
15 125 (8.29%) Unit Testing
16 115 (7.63%) Mathematics
17 103 (6.83%) OOD
18 102 (6.77%) Validation
19 82 (5.44%) Electronic Trading
Programming Languages
1 722 (47.91%) Java
2 706 (46.85%) Python
3 539 (35.77%) C#
4 378 (25.08%) SQL
5 375 (24.88%) C
6 225 (14.93%) JavaScript
7 126 (8.36%) Go
8 83 (5.51%) TypeScript
9 77 (5.11%) Scala
10 66 (4.38%) Bash Shell
11 60 (3.98%) Perl
11 60 (3.98%) Ruby
12 59 (3.92%) VBA
13 53 (3.52%) Embedded C
14 48 (3.19%) Embedded C++
15 46 (3.05%) Kotlin
16 40 (2.65%) T-SQL
17 38 (2.52%) PL/SQL
18 36 (2.39%) Shell Script
19 33 (2.19%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 221 (14.66%) Degree
2 206 (13.67%) Security Cleared
3 186 (12.34%) SC Cleared
4 58 (3.85%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.19%) DV Cleared
5 18 (1.19%) PhD
6 17 (1.13%) CISSP
7 16 (1.06%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (0.86%) Master's Degree
8 13 (0.86%) Numerate Degree
9 11 (0.73%) SANS
10 10 (0.66%) CREST Certified
11 5 (0.33%) CCNA
11 5 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
12 4 (0.27%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.27%) Sun Certification
13 3 (0.20%) ISEB
13 3 (0.20%) ISTQB
13 3 (0.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (2.65%) QA
2 24 (1.59%) GDPR
3 14 (0.93%) MiFID
4 12 (0.80%) IEC 61508
5 11 (0.73%) MISRA
5 11 (0.73%) PMO
6 10 (0.66%) MISRA C
6 10 (0.66%) NCSC
7 7 (0.46%) Def Stans
7 7 (0.46%) SLA
8 4 (0.27%) ISO 26262
9 3 (0.20%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
10 2 (0.13%) DO-178B
10 2 (0.13%) DO-254
10 2 (0.13%) HIPAA
10 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 1 (0.066%) Accessibility
11 1 (0.066%) Basel II
11 1 (0.066%) JTAG
System Software
1 99 (6.57%) Docker
2 18 (1.19%) Virtual Machines
3 15 (1.00%) Firmware
4 12 (0.80%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.53%) HDFS
5 8 (0.53%) iptables
6 5 (0.33%) Active Directory
7 4 (0.27%) KVM
7 4 (0.27%) Xen
8 1 (0.066%) Apache Flume
8 1 (0.066%) Ceph
8 1 (0.066%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.066%) VirtualBox
8 1 (0.066%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 138 (9.16%) Kubernetes
2 67 (4.45%) Ansible
3 59 (3.92%) Terraform
4 44 (2.92%) BladeLogic
5 32 (2.12%) ITRS Geneos
6 16 (1.06%) Puppet
7 11 (0.73%) Nessus
8 9 (0.60%) Grafana
9 7 (0.46%) Oozie
9 7 (0.46%) Opscode Chef
9 7 (0.46%) SCCM
10 6 (0.40%) Prometheus
11 5 (0.33%) Istio
12 3 (0.20%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.20%) HP Quality Center
12 3 (0.20%) Kibana
12 3 (0.20%) Sysdig
13 2 (0.13%) Consul
13 2 (0.13%) Salt
13 2 (0.13%) SELinux
Vendors
1 170 (11.28%) Oracle
2 83 (5.51%) Microsoft
3 54 (3.58%) Google
4 42 (2.79%) FIS
5 41 (2.72%) SunGard
6 37 (2.46%) ION Trading
7 34 (2.26%) MuleSoft
8 22 (1.46%) Splunk
9 19 (1.26%) IBM
9 19 (1.26%) Sybase
10 17 (1.13%) Altiris
10 17 (1.13%) Red Hat
11 15 (1.00%) Dynatrace
12 14 (0.93%) EMC
13 12 (0.80%) TIBCO
13 12 (0.80%) VMware
14 11 (0.73%) Blue Prism
15 10 (0.66%) Atlassian
16 9 (0.60%) Embarcadero
16 9 (0.60%) Salesforce.com