Period
to 21 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java 11 skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java 11 over the 6 months to 21 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java SE 11
UK
6 months to
21 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 401 410 810
Rank change year-on-year +9 +400 -
Contract jobs citing Java 11 441 93 21
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.55% 0.32% 0.024%
As % of the Programming Languages category 1.39% 0.75% 0.057%
Number of daily rates quoted 326 62 17
10th Percentile £438 £414 £393
25th Percentile £500 £450 £488
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £500 £550
Median % change year-on-year +14.90% -9.09% -
75th Percentile £650 £550 £675
90th Percentile £700 £671 £685
UK excluding London median daily rate £508 £473 £425
% change year-on-year +7.41% +11.18% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Median hourly rate £71.00 - -
UK excluding London median hourly rate - - -

Java 11 is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,743 12,449 37,054
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 39.76% 42.30% 42.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,679 8,701 25,923
10th Percentile £350 £313 £320
25th Percentile £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.63% +1.06%
75th Percentile £619 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £425
% change year-on-year +3.45% +2.35% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 462 248 626
10th Percentile £16.53 £13.00 £19.21
25th Percentile £25.00 £20.76 £34.00
Median hourly rate £45.00 £39.25 £44.96
Median % change year-on-year +14.65% -12.70% +8.33%
75th Percentile £57.59 £47.50 £51.00
90th Percentile £66.68 £55.00 £55.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £44.50
% change year-on-year +7.14% -5.62% +5.95%

Java 11
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java 11 as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java 11 in the UK

Java 11
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java 11.

Daily rate trend for Java 11 in the UK

Java 11
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java 11 over the 6 months to 21 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java 11 in the UK

Java 11
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java 11 within the UK over the 6 months to 21 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -25 337 £575 +15.00% 105
London -10 229 £600 +14.29% 79
UK excluding London -46 133 £508 +7.41% 28
Work from Home -162 130 £575 +15.00% 34
East of England -34 39 £565 +18.95% 8
North of England -56 31 £540 +20.00% 7
Scotland - 31 £450 - 1
North West -46 14 £540 +20.00% 7
South East - 13 £620 - 5
North East - 12 £625 -
Midlands - 9 £501 - 1
West Midlands - 9 £501 - 1
Wales - 6 £650 - 1
Yorkshire - 5 £488 -
South West - 4 £576 - 5

For the 6 months to 21 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Java 11 also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java 11.

1 441 (100.00%) Java
2 302 (68.48%) Spring
3 293 (66.44%) Microservices
4 292 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
5 242 (54.88%) Spring Boot
6 231 (52.38%) Java 8
7 217 (49.21%) TDD
8 167 (37.87%) AWS
9 162 (36.73%) Docker
10 139 (31.52%) DevOps
11 125 (28.34%) BDD
12 113 (25.62%) REST
12 113 (25.62%) Kubernetes
13 111 (25.17%) Jenkins
14 107 (24.26%) Scrum
15 91 (20.63%) Pair Programming
16 90 (20.41%) Mockito
17 89 (20.18%) MySQL
18 88 (19.95%) React
19 87 (19.73%) Kafka
20 82 (18.59%) JUnit
20 82 (18.59%) SQL
20 82 (18.59%) Git (software)
21 81 (18.37%) JavaScript
22 73 (16.55%) Oracle
23 72 (16.33%) NoSQL
24 71 (16.10%) JIRA
24 71 (16.10%) Finance
25 68 (15.42%) Test Automation
26 67 (15.19%) Azure

Java 11
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (12.24%) Confluence
2 29 (6.58%) Elasticsearch
3 15 (3.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
4 14 (3.17%) CMS
4 14 (3.17%) OpenStack
5 7 (1.59%) Apache
6 5 (1.13%) WebLogic
7 4 (0.91%) Cloud Foundry
7 4 (0.91%) JBoss
7 4 (0.91%) WebSphere
8 3 (0.68%) Apache Spark
9 2 (0.45%) GeoServer
9 2 (0.45%) Tomcat
10 1 (0.23%) Apache Solr
10 1 (0.23%) CoreMedia CMS
10 1 (0.23%) Mule
10 1 (0.23%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
1 1 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 167 (37.87%) AWS
2 67 (15.19%) Azure
3 64 (14.51%) GCP
4 52 (11.79%) Serverless
5 48 (10.88%) OpenShift
6 44 (9.98%) AWS Lambda
7 25 (5.67%) GitHub
8 24 (5.44%) Amazon S3
9 22 (4.99%) SaaS
10 17 (3.85%) Amazon ECS
11 16 (3.63%) Amazon SQS
12 12 (2.72%) AWS CloudFormation
13 10 (2.27%) Amazon EC2
14 8 (1.81%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (1.81%) PaaS
15 7 (1.59%) Azure Service Bus
15 7 (1.59%) GitHub Actions
16 6 (1.36%) Azure Active Directory
16 6 (1.36%) Azure Cosmos DB
16 6 (1.36%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 20 (4.54%) HTTP
2 2 (0.45%) Broadband
2 2 (0.45%) TCP/IP
2 2 (0.45%) WebEx
3 1 (0.23%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (20.18%) MySQL
2 72 (16.33%) NoSQL
3 56 (12.70%) MongoDB
4 54 (12.24%) PostgreSQL
5 50 (11.34%) Oracle Database
6 38 (8.62%) Relational Database
7 25 (5.67%) Amazon Aurora
8 21 (4.76%) Redis
9 9 (2.04%) Hadoop
9 9 (2.04%) Informix
10 7 (1.59%) Oracle Reports
10 7 (1.59%) SQL Server
11 6 (1.36%) Amazon RDS
12 5 (1.13%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 5 (1.13%) RDBMS
13 4 (0.91%) Apache Cassandra
13 4 (0.91%) Couchbase
13 4 (0.91%) Spatial Data
14 3 (0.68%) GIS
15 2 (0.45%) Azure SQL Database
Development Applications
1 111 (25.17%) Jenkins
2 90 (20.41%) Mockito
3 82 (18.59%) Git (software)
3 82 (18.59%) JUnit
4 71 (16.10%) JIRA
5 54 (12.24%) Maven
6 24 (5.44%) SonarQube
7 20 (4.54%) Gradle
8 18 (4.08%) Checkstyle
8 18 (4.08%) Cypress.io
9 13 (2.95%) Bitbucket
10 12 (2.72%) GitLab
11 11 (2.49%) Grunt
11 11 (2.49%) gulp
12 10 (2.27%) TestNG
13 9 (2.04%) IntelliJ
14 8 (1.81%) Cucumber
14 8 (1.81%) EasyMock
14 8 (1.81%) TeamCity
15 7 (1.59%) WebDriver
General
1 71 (16.10%) Finance
2 61 (13.83%) Social Skills
3 41 (9.30%) Banking
4 30 (6.80%) Public Sector
5 29 (6.58%) Retail
6 25 (5.67%) Front Office
7 16 (3.63%) Marketing
8 12 (2.72%) Presentation Skills
9 10 (2.27%) Influencing Skills
10 9 (2.04%) Automotive
11 6 (1.36%) Investment Banking
12 5 (1.13%) Telecoms
13 4 (0.91%) Retail Banking
14 3 (0.68%) Analytical Skills
14 3 (0.68%) Electronics
14 3 (0.68%) Legal
14 3 (0.68%) Manufacturing
15 1 (0.23%) Financial Institution
15 1 (0.23%) French Language
Job Titles
1 366 (82.99%) Developer
2 311 (70.52%) Java Developer
3 62 (14.06%) Senior Developer
4 59 (13.38%) Senior Java Developer
5 22 (4.99%) Technical Leader
6 19 (4.31%) Backend Developer
7 18 (4.08%) Java Engineer
8 17 (3.85%) React Developer
9 15 (3.40%) Core Java Developer
9 15 (3.40%) Software Developer
10 11 (2.49%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
11 10 (2.27%) Cloud Developer
11 10 (2.27%) SC Cleared Java Developer
12 9 (2.04%) Architect
12 9 (2.04%) Lead Developer
13 8 (1.81%) Full Stack Developer
13 8 (1.81%) Java Architect
14 7 (1.59%) AWS DevOps
14 7 (1.59%) Lead Java Developer
14 7 (1.59%) Senior Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 302 (68.48%) Spring
2 242 (54.88%) Spring Boot
3 113 (25.62%) REST
4 88 (19.95%) React
5 87 (19.73%) Kafka
6 42 (9.52%) J2SE
6 42 (9.52%) RESTful
6 42 (9.52%) Spring Security
7 36 (8.16%) Swagger
8 35 (7.94%) OAuth
9 34 (7.71%) XML
10 32 (7.26%) Web Services
11 31 (7.03%) CSS
12 29 (6.58%) OAuth2
13 28 (6.35%) Apache Camel
14 26 (5.90%) GraphQL
15 24 (5.44%) RabbitMQ
16 23 (5.22%) Hibernate
17 22 (4.99%) SOAP
18 21 (4.76%) OpenJDK
Miscellaneous
1 39 (8.84%) Hybrid Cloud
2 25 (5.67%) Greenfield Project
2 25 (5.67%) Legacy Systems
3 23 (5.22%) User Experience
4 22 (4.99%) Enterprise Software
5 20 (4.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 15 (3.40%) Mobile App
7 13 (2.95%) Social Media
8 12 (2.72%) Algorithms
9 10 (2.27%) Data Structures
9 10 (2.27%) Private Cloud
10 9 (2.04%) Data Protection Act
10 9 (2.04%) Legacy Code
10 9 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
11 7 (1.59%) Fixed Income
12 6 (1.36%) Client/Server
13 3 (0.68%) Derivative
13 3 (0.68%) Life Science
13 3 (0.68%) NHS
13 3 (0.68%) Renewable Energy
Operating Systems
1 54 (12.24%) Linux
2 23 (5.22%) Unix
3 10 (2.27%) Debian
3 10 (2.27%) VMS
4 4 (0.91%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 293 (66.44%) Microservices
2 292 (66.21%) Agile Software Development
3 217 (49.21%) TDD
4 139 (31.52%) DevOps
5 125 (28.34%) BDD
6 107 (24.26%) Scrum
7 91 (20.63%) Pair Programming
8 68 (15.42%) Test Automation
9 62 (14.06%) Software Engineering
10 60 (13.61%) E-Commerce
11 57 (12.93%) Unit Testing
12 56 (12.70%) Multithreading
13 40 (9.07%) Analytics
13 40 (9.07%) Continuous Integration
13 40 (9.07%) User Stories
14 35 (7.94%) Scaled Agile Framework
15 34 (7.71%) Mentoring
16 33 (7.48%) Epics
17 32 (7.26%) Continuous Delivery
18 30 (6.80%) Infrastructure as Code
Programming Languages
1 441 (100.00%) Java
2 231 (52.38%) Java 8
3 82 (18.59%) SQL
4 81 (18.37%) JavaScript
5 41 (9.30%) Python
6 24 (5.44%) TypeScript
7 11 (2.49%) Go
7 11 (2.49%) Scala
8 4 (0.91%) Bash Shell
9 3 (0.68%) C
9 3 (0.68%) C++
9 3 (0.68%) Groovy
9 3 (0.68%) Kotlin
9 3 (0.68%) T-SQL
10 2 (0.45%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.23%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 34 (7.71%) OCPJP
1 34 (7.71%) Security Cleared
1 34 (7.71%) Sun Certification
2 33 (7.48%) SC Cleared
3 9 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
3 9 (2.04%) Degree
4 5 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (0.45%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.23%) DV Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (6.80%) Accessibility
2 12 (2.72%) QA
3 3 (0.68%) PMO
4 1 (0.23%) GDPR
4 1 (0.23%) HMG Security Policy Framework
4 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 162 (36.73%) Docker
2 6 (1.36%) Active Directory
3 2 (0.45%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 113 (25.62%) Kubernetes
2 32 (7.26%) Grafana
3 27 (6.12%) Terraform
4 16 (3.63%) Kibana
5 8 (1.81%) Ansible
6 2 (0.45%) Istio
6 2 (0.45%) Prometheus
7 1 (0.23%) HP Fortify
7 1 (0.23%) logstash
7 1 (0.23%) Rundeck
7 1 (0.23%) WebInspect
Vendors
1 73 (16.55%) Oracle
2 34 (7.71%) Sun
3 26 (5.90%) Google
4 15 (3.40%) Adobe
5 7 (1.59%) Perforce
5 7 (1.59%) VMware
6 6 (1.36%) Dynatrace
6 6 (1.36%) Microsoft
7 5 (1.13%) Splunk
8 4 (0.91%) SAP
9 3 (0.68%) Bloomberg
9 3 (0.68%) Fidessa
9 3 (0.68%) IBM
9 3 (0.68%) ION Trading
9 3 (0.68%) Pega
9 3 (0.68%) Solace
9 3 (0.68%) WSO2
10 2 (0.45%) CA
10 2 (0.45%) CA Agile Central
11 1 (0.23%) Red Hat