Period
to 7 December 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Engineer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Engineer
UK
6 months to
7 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 342 282 397
Rank change year-on-year -60 +115 -14
Contract jobs requiring a Java Engineer 657 325 484
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.73% 0.86% 0.60%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.78% 0.93% 0.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 529 261 333
10th Percentile £425 £400 £413
25th Percentile £500 £438 £469
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £525 £550
Median % change year-on-year +9.52% -4.55% -
75th Percentile £688 £650 £625
90th Percentile £750 £713 £711
UK excluding London median daily rate £525 £416 £475
% change year-on-year +26.13% -12.37% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 3
10th Percentile £56.20 £38.69 £38.25
25th Percentile £62.79 £40.38 £39.38
Median hourly rate £71.00 £43.25 £42.50
Median % change year-on-year +64.16% +1.76% -3.41%
75th Percentile £75.00 £44.38 £44.38
90th Percentile " £48.50 £44.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.00 £43.75 £42.50
% change year-on-year +48.57% +2.94% -3.41%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 83,707 34,765 75,515
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.47% 92.43% 94.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,622 23,587 50,509
10th Percentile £300 £256 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £506 £473 £451
Median % change year-on-year +6.98% +4.83% +0.17%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £563
90th Percentile £700 £650 £645
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,180 1,274 2,729
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £14.25 £13.75
Median hourly rate £20.00 £23.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -13.04% +22.99% +6.86%
75th Percentile £45.78 £45.00 £42.40
90th Percentile £62.81 £57.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% -

Java Engineer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Engineer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Engineer in the UK

Java Engineer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Engineer.

Daily rate trend for Java Engineer in the UK

Java Engineer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Engineer over the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Engineer in the UK

Java Engineer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Engineer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Engineer in the UK

Java Engineer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Engineer over the 6 months to 7 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Engineer in the UK

Java Engineer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Engineer within the UK over the 6 months to 7 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -90 485 £600 +11.63% 205
London -110 352 £600 +9.09% 121
Work from Home -26 253 £550 +15.79% 58
UK excluding London -52 156 £525 +26.13% 94
South West -18 50 £494 +52.08% 18
Scotland -43 29 £550 +28.65% 5
North of England -67 22 £525 +27.27% 25
South East -70 19 £500 -4.76% 21
Wales -10 18 £525 - 4
Midlands -62 12 £515 +19.42% 10
Yorkshire -38 11 £461 -0.27% 8
West Midlands -59 8 £585 +35.65% 5
North West -61 8 £538 +30.30% 16
East of England -45 6 £540 +27.06% 10
East Midlands - 4 £515 - 4
North East -3 3 £525 +23.53% 1

Java Engineer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 7 December 2021, Java Engineer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Engineer in the job title.

1 657 (100.00%) Java
2 375 (57.08%) Software Engineering
3 311 (47.34%) AWS
4 270 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
5 237 (36.07%) Microservices
6 205 (31.20%) DevOps
7 199 (30.29%) Spring
8 195 (29.68%) Docker
9 190 (28.92%) Kubernetes
10 186 (28.31%) Kafka
11 162 (24.66%) Spring Boot
12 147 (22.37%) Finance
13 141 (21.46%) Azure
14 136 (20.70%) Python
15 120 (18.26%) JavaScript
16 117 (17.81%) TDD
17 105 (15.98%) Test Automation
18 100 (15.22%) GCP
19 98 (14.92%) SQL
20 96 (14.61%) Social Skills
21 87 (13.24%) Banking
22 84 (12.79%) Terraform
23 83 (12.63%) Git (software)
24 80 (12.18%) Continuous Integration
24 80 (12.18%) Full Stack Development
25 78 (11.87%) Jenkins
26 77 (11.72%) NoSQL
27 76 (11.57%) REST
28 74 (11.26%) Scrum
28 74 (11.26%) Node.js

Java Engineer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 27 (4.11%) Apache Spark
2 21 (3.20%) Apache Airflow
3 19 (2.89%) Cloud Foundry
4 15 (2.28%) Apache
4 15 (2.28%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (1.67%) Tomcat
6 10 (1.52%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (1.22%) JBoss
8 7 (1.07%) Confluence
9 6 (0.91%) WebSphere
10 5 (0.76%) nginx
11 4 (0.61%) WildFly
12 3 (0.46%) IIS
12 3 (0.46%) OpenStack
13 2 (0.30%) Mule
14 1 (0.15%) Appian
14 1 (0.15%) CMS
Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Mathcad
2 1 (0.15%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.30%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 311 (47.34%) AWS
2 141 (21.46%) Azure
3 100 (15.22%) GCP
4 38 (5.78%) GitHub
5 33 (5.02%) Serverless
6 28 (4.26%) Amazon S3
7 25 (3.81%) AWS Lambda
7 25 (3.81%) OpenShift
8 18 (2.74%) Apigee
9 16 (2.44%) SaaS
10 15 (2.28%) Datadog
11 12 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
11 12 (1.83%) Slack
12 8 (1.22%) Amazon EKS
13 7 (1.07%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (1.07%) Amazon ECS
14 6 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
15 5 (0.76%) BrowserStack
16 4 (0.61%) Kong
16 4 (0.61%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 25 (3.81%) HTTP
2 16 (2.44%) HTTPS
3 7 (1.07%) Kerberos
4 4 (0.61%) Firewall
4 4 (0.61%) TCP/IP
5 3 (0.46%) VPN
6 1 (0.15%) 3GPP
6 1 (0.15%) 5G
6 1 (0.15%) BIG-IP
6 1 (0.15%) MQTT
6 1 (0.15%) NetScaler
6 1 (0.15%) Network Security
6 1 (0.15%) SSH
6 1 (0.15%) SSL
6 1 (0.15%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 77 (11.72%) NoSQL
2 71 (10.81%) PostgreSQL
3 36 (5.48%) MongoDB
4 33 (5.02%) Relational Database
5 28 (4.26%) MySQL
6 24 (3.65%) Hadoop
7 22 (3.35%) Big Data
8 21 (3.20%) Redis
9 20 (3.04%) SQL Server
10 19 (2.89%) RDBMS
11 16 (2.44%) Geospatial Data
11 16 (2.44%) GIS
12 15 (2.28%) Couchbase
13 14 (2.13%) Apache Cassandra
14 12 (1.83%) Oracle Database
15 11 (1.67%) Apache Hive
15 11 (1.67%) HBase
16 9 (1.37%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 9 (1.37%) Amazon RDS
16 9 (1.37%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 83 (12.63%) Git (software)
2 78 (11.87%) Jenkins
3 56 (8.52%) Maven
4 55 (8.37%) Selenium
5 51 (7.76%) Gradle
6 40 (6.09%) Cucumber
7 35 (5.33%) JIRA
8 30 (4.57%) JUnit
9 26 (3.96%) TeamCity
10 22 (3.35%) WebDriver
11 20 (3.04%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 20 (3.04%) GitLab
12 19 (2.89%) Eclipse
13 16 (2.44%) NetBeans
13 16 (2.44%) Rational DOORS
13 16 (2.44%) Rational Rhapsody
13 16 (2.44%) Rational Team Concert
14 12 (1.83%) TestCafe
15 10 (1.52%) Mockito
16 9 (1.37%) Postman
General
1 147 (22.37%) Finance
2 96 (14.61%) Social Skills
3 87 (13.24%) Banking
4 28 (4.26%) Front Office
5 16 (2.44%) Analytical Skills
6 12 (1.83%) Retail
7 8 (1.22%) Automotive
7 8 (1.22%) Financial Institution
7 8 (1.22%) Investment Banking
7 8 (1.22%) Marketing
8 7 (1.07%) Law
8 7 (1.07%) Manufacturing
9 6 (0.91%) Influencing Skills
9 6 (0.91%) Public Sector
9 6 (0.91%) Publishing
9 6 (0.91%) Telecoms
10 5 (0.76%) Pharmaceutical
11 4 (0.61%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.30%) Games
12 2 (0.30%) Presentation Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 199 (30.29%) Spring
2 186 (28.31%) Kafka
3 162 (24.66%) Spring Boot
4 76 (11.57%) REST
5 74 (11.26%) Node.js
6 72 (10.96%) Web Services
7 60 (9.13%) React
8 54 (8.22%) gRPC
9 51 (7.76%) RESTful
10 29 (4.41%) AngularJS
11 25 (3.81%) OAuth
12 21 (3.20%) Protocol Buffers
12 21 (3.20%) SOAP
13 19 (2.89%) Vert.x
14 18 (2.74%) XML
15 17 (2.59%) CSS
16 16 (2.44%) CORBA
16 16 (2.44%) Motif
17 15 (2.28%) Hibernate
17 15 (2.28%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 58 (8.83%) Greenfield Project
2 36 (5.48%) Cloud Native
3 23 (3.50%) Fixed Income
4 21 (3.20%) Derivative
4 21 (3.20%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 18 (2.74%) Equities
5 18 (2.74%) Hedge funds
6 16 (2.44%) Client/Server
6 16 (2.44%) Legacy Applications
7 14 (2.13%) User Experience
8 13 (1.98%) Algorithms
9 9 (1.37%) Legacy Systems
10 8 (1.22%) Data Structures
10 8 (1.22%) Public Cloud
10 8 (1.22%) Social Media
11 5 (0.76%) Enterprise Software
11 5 (0.76%) Mobile Banking
11 5 (0.76%) Mobile Payment
11 5 (0.76%) Self-Motivation
12 4 (0.61%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 66 (10.05%) Linux
2 28 (4.26%) Unix
3 22 (3.35%) Windows
4 12 (1.83%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 7 (1.07%) VMS
6 6 (0.91%) CentOS
7 3 (0.46%) Android
8 2 (0.30%) Apple iOS
9 1 (0.15%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 375 (57.08%) Software Engineering
2 270 (41.10%) Agile Software Development
3 237 (36.07%) Microservices
4 205 (31.20%) DevOps
5 117 (17.81%) TDD
6 105 (15.98%) Test Automation
7 80 (12.18%) Continuous Integration
7 80 (12.18%) Full Stack Development
8 74 (11.26%) Scrum
9 70 (10.65%) BDD
10 64 (9.74%) SDLC
11 55 (8.37%) Asset Management
12 50 (7.61%) Clean Code
13 45 (6.85%) Analytics
14 40 (6.09%) Investment Management
14 40 (6.09%) Problem-Solving
15 39 (5.94%) Fintech
16 36 (5.48%) OO
17 32 (4.87%) Continuous Delivery
18 30 (4.57%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 657 (100.00%) Java
2 136 (20.70%) Python
3 120 (18.26%) JavaScript
4 98 (14.92%) SQL
5 72 (10.96%) Java 8
6 45 (6.85%) TypeScript
7 36 (5.48%) Scala
8 33 (5.02%) C++
9 29 (4.41%) C
9 29 (4.41%) Java 11
9 29 (4.41%) Kotlin
10 15 (2.28%) R
11 12 (1.83%) C#
12 10 (1.52%) PL/SQL
13 8 (1.22%) Go
14 7 (1.07%) Shell Script
15 5 (0.76%) Groovy
15 5 (0.76%) Ruby
16 4 (0.61%) Perl
17 3 (0.46%) PHP
Qualifications
1 71 (10.81%) Security Cleared
2 51 (7.76%) SC Cleared
3 35 (5.33%) Degree
4 9 (1.37%) Computer Science Degree
4 9 (1.37%) DV Cleared
5 6 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
6 2 (0.30%) Master's Degree
7 1 (0.15%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 65 (9.89%) QA
2 17 (2.59%) Accessibility
3 2 (0.30%) Basel II
4 1 (0.15%) Data Quality
System Software
1 195 (29.68%) Docker
2 23 (3.50%) Apache ZooKeeper
3 9 (1.37%) HDFS
4 2 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (0.15%) Apache Flume
5 1 (0.15%) Hyper-V
5 1 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 190 (28.92%) Kubernetes
2 84 (12.79%) Terraform
3 45 (6.85%) Grafana
4 25 (3.81%) Ansible
4 25 (3.81%) Rancher
5 24 (3.65%) Prometheus
6 21 (3.20%) Bosun
7 14 (2.13%) Puppet
8 13 (1.98%) Kibana
9 11 (1.67%) VictorOps
10 4 (0.61%) Oozie
10 4 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.46%) Consul
11 3 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
12 2 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
12 2 (0.30%) Istio
12 2 (0.30%) Mesos
12 2 (0.30%) SCCM
13 1 (0.15%) Argo
13 1 (0.15%) Kiali
Vendors
1 59 (8.98%) Oracle
2 24 (3.65%) Confluent
3 16 (2.44%) Google
3 16 (2.44%) Microsoft
4 10 (1.52%) Adobe
5 9 (1.37%) MuleSoft
6 8 (1.22%) IBM
6 8 (1.22%) Sybase
7 6 (0.91%) Dynatrace
7 6 (0.91%) Red Hat
7 6 (0.91%) Splunk
8 5 (0.76%) Databricks
9 4 (0.61%) Perforce
9 4 (0.61%) Salesforce.com
10 3 (0.46%) Atlassian
10 3 (0.46%) F5
10 3 (0.46%) Greenplum
10 3 (0.46%) Talend
10 3 (0.46%) TIBCO
10 3 (0.46%) webMethods