Period
to 16 November 2019

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 63 35 34
Rank change year-on-year -28 -1 +10
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 2,961 6,175 6,054
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 3.55% 5.94% 5.88%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.78% 6.27% 6.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,202 4,767 4,646
UK median daily rate £525 £515 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.94% +3.00% +9.29%
10th Percentile £400 £388 £363
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 35 31
UK median hourly rate £36.00 £45.00 £41.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +9.36% +8.29%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.00 £35.50
90th Percentile £56.80 £54.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £45.00 £41.15
% change year-on-year -20.00% +9.36% +10.10%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 78,405 98,494 97,717
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.09% 94.76% 94.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,318 64,958 64,391
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £448
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +0.56% +5.29%
10th Percentile £256 £269 £261
90th Percentile £644 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,923 3,077 2,923
UK median hourly rate £19.71 £18.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.50% -3.74% +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.00 £10.96
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £47.97
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £18.00
% change year-on-year +2.86% -2.78% +2.86%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -26 2,672 £550 +4.76% 893
London -22 1,786 £575 +4.55% 533
UK excluding London -47 1,134 £450 - 419
North of England -30 296 £465 +9.41% 116
South East -97 234 £463 -7.50% 93
Scotland -15 181 £450 +10.09% 43
South West -19 163 £450 +5.88% 47
Yorkshire -10 140 £475 +8.57% 41
North West -35 135 £444 +4.41% 59
Midlands -38 121 £463 +2.78% 60
West Midlands -21 85 £463 +2.78% 34
East of England -71 62 £456 -10.54% 44
Northern Ireland -3 47 £431 +1.29% 7
East Midlands -35 36 £450 +6.26% 26
Wales -20 25 £415 -7.78% 9
North East -26 20 £473 +18.13% 16
Channel Islands +2 8 - -

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 2,959 (99.93%) Java
2 1,671 (56.43%) Agile Software Development
3 1,392 (47.01%) Spring
4 1,143 (38.60%) Microservices
5 978 (33.03%) TDD
6 891 (30.09%) Java 8
7 771 (26.04%) Finance
8 694 (23.44%) AWS
9 689 (23.27%) Spring Boot
10 627 (21.18%) JavaScript
11 587 (19.82%) Docker
12 524 (17.70%) SQL
13 496 (16.75%) Web Services
14 490 (16.55%) Scrum
15 487 (16.45%) Banking
16 479 (16.18%) Git (software)
17 472 (15.94%) AngularJS
18 465 (15.70%) REST
19 455 (15.37%) Jenkins
20 451 (15.23%) BDD
21 423 (14.29%) RESTful
22 411 (13.88%) JUnit
23 386 (13.04%) Maven
23 386 (13.04%) DevOps
24 377 (12.73%) Hibernate
25 345 (11.65%) Kafka
26 342 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
27 328 (11.08%) HTML
28 317 (10.71%) Software Engineering
29 313 (10.57%) Kubernetes

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 121 (4.09%) Apache
2 120 (4.05%) Confluence
3 102 (3.44%) Tomcat
4 79 (2.67%) Elasticsearch
5 68 (2.30%) Apache Spark
6 60 (2.03%) JBoss
7 41 (1.38%) WebLogic
8 39 (1.32%) WebSphere
9 25 (0.84%) Cloud Foundry
10 24 (0.81%) CMS
11 23 (0.78%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 22 (0.74%) Jetty
13 21 (0.71%) Apache Solr
14 13 (0.44%) Alfresco
15 12 (0.41%) OpenStack
16 10 (0.34%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 10 (0.34%) WildFly
17 9 (0.30%) Camunda
17 9 (0.30%) Oracle Service Bus
18 8 (0.27%) Mule
Applications
1 12 (0.41%) GIMP
1 12 (0.41%) Photoshop
2 4 (0.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.034%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.034%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.034%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 21 (0.71%) ION MarketView
2 9 (0.30%) FINCAD Analytics
3 8 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.27%) PolarLake
4 6 (0.20%) Markit EDM
5 5 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
6 4 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
6 4 (0.14%) R3 Corda
6 4 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
6 4 (0.14%) Temenos T24
6 4 (0.14%) thinkFolio
7 3 (0.10%) Dynamics CRM
8 2 (0.068%) Magento
8 2 (0.068%) Payment Gateway
9 1 (0.034%) CSG Singleview
9 1 (0.034%) Kondor
9 1 (0.034%) Loan IQ
9 1 (0.034%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.034%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 694 (23.44%) AWS
2 195 (6.59%) Azure
3 121 (4.09%) Amazon EC2
4 92 (3.11%) Serverless
5 91 (3.07%) Amazon SQS
6 86 (2.90%) GCP
7 74 (2.50%) AWS Lambda
8 69 (2.33%) Amazon S3
9 63 (2.13%) OpenShift
10 62 (2.09%) GitHub
11 43 (1.45%) AWS CloudFormation
12 28 (0.95%) PaaS
13 24 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
14 22 (0.74%) Amazon ECS
15 20 (0.68%) SaaS
16 17 (0.57%) Amazon Kinesis
17 15 (0.51%) Slack
18 13 (0.44%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 12 (0.41%) AWS Step Functions
19 12 (0.41%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 70 (2.36%) HTTP
2 36 (1.22%) TCP/IP
3 27 (0.91%) Internet
4 26 (0.88%) FTP
5 22 (0.74%) SSL
6 17 (0.57%) Multicast
7 14 (0.47%) SSH
8 11 (0.37%) DNS
8 11 (0.37%) HTTPS
9 10 (0.34%) Kerberos
10 8 (0.27%) Skype
11 5 (0.17%) Firewall
12 4 (0.14%) FIX Connectivity
13 3 (0.10%) VoIP
14 2 (0.068%) Bluetooth
14 2 (0.068%) CTI
14 2 (0.068%) NFC
14 2 (0.068%) Reverse Proxy
14 2 (0.068%) Unified Communications
15 1 (0.034%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 242 (8.17%) NoSQL
2 228 (7.70%) PostgreSQL
3 206 (6.96%) MongoDB
4 180 (6.08%) MySQL
5 172 (5.81%) Relational Database
6 130 (4.39%) SQL Server
7 106 (3.58%) Big Data
8 87 (2.94%) RDBMS
9 85 (2.87%) Hadoop
10 81 (2.74%) Apache Cassandra
11 80 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
12 72 (2.43%) Oracle Database
13 47 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 44 (1.49%) DB2
15 39 (1.32%) Redis
16 38 (1.28%) Amazon Aurora
17 35 (1.18%) HBase
18 23 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
19 19 (0.64%) Neo4j
20 18 (0.61%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 479 (16.18%) Git (software)
2 455 (15.37%) Jenkins
3 411 (13.88%) JUnit
4 386 (13.04%) Maven
5 251 (8.48%) Mockito
6 193 (6.52%) JIRA
7 157 (5.30%) Cucumber
8 133 (4.49%) Gradle
9 107 (3.61%) Selenium
10 105 (3.55%) SonarQube
11 74 (2.50%) jMock
11 74 (2.50%) Subversion
12 73 (2.47%) Eclipse
13 71 (2.40%) DbUnit
14 56 (1.89%) Ant
14 56 (1.89%) TeamCity
15 55 (1.86%) Bitbucket
16 50 (1.69%) IntelliJ
17 44 (1.49%) GitLab
18 35 (1.18%) RStudio
General
1 771 (26.04%) Finance
2 487 (16.45%) Banking
3 291 (9.83%) Front Office
4 195 (6.59%) Investment Banking
5 173 (5.84%) Public Sector
6 45 (1.52%) Retail
7 42 (1.42%) Marketing
8 34 (1.15%) Manufacturing
9 32 (1.08%) Telecoms
10 26 (0.88%) Financial Institution
11 25 (0.84%) Electronics
12 23 (0.78%) Games
13 20 (0.68%) Retail Banking
14 12 (0.41%) Advertising
14 12 (0.41%) Publishing
15 9 (0.30%) Law
16 8 (0.27%) Legal
17 7 (0.24%) Automotive
18 5 (0.17%) Back Office
19 3 (0.10%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,392 (47.01%) Spring
2 689 (23.27%) Spring Boot
3 496 (16.75%) Web Services
4 472 (15.94%) AngularJS
5 465 (15.70%) REST
6 423 (14.29%) RESTful
7 377 (12.73%) Hibernate
8 345 (11.65%) Kafka
9 328 (11.08%) HTML
10 289 (9.76%) J2EE
11 285 (9.63%) React
12 266 (8.98%) CSS
13 262 (8.85%) SOAP
14 233 (7.87%) Node.js
15 218 (7.36%) JSON
16 195 (6.59%) XML
17 149 (5.03%) HTML5
17 149 (5.03%) JPA
18 113 (3.82%) RabbitMQ
19 101 (3.41%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 299 (10.10%) Greenfield Project
2 169 (5.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 151 (5.10%) Derivative
4 145 (4.90%) Equities
5 130 (4.39%) Fixed Income
6 99 (3.34%) Data Structures
7 94 (3.17%) Analytical Skills
8 73 (2.47%) Algorithms
9 70 (2.36%) Enterprise Software
10 69 (2.33%) Equity Derivative
10 69 (2.33%) User Experience
11 52 (1.76%) Virtual Team
12 39 (1.32%) Linux Command Line
13 38 (1.28%) Mobile App
14 33 (1.11%) Self-Motivation
15 26 (0.88%) Public Cloud
16 25 (0.84%) Cloud Native
17 23 (0.78%) Credit Risk
17 23 (0.78%) Pricing Data
18 19 (0.64%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 301 (10.17%) Linux
2 217 (7.33%) Unix
3 52 (1.76%) Windows
4 30 (1.01%) Android
5 29 (0.98%) Mac OS X
6 24 (0.81%) CentOS
7 14 (0.47%) Ubuntu
8 13 (0.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.37%) Mac OS
10 7 (0.24%) Debian
11 5 (0.17%) Apple iOS
12 3 (0.10%) Solaris
13 2 (0.068%) VMS
14 1 (0.034%) AIX
14 1 (0.034%) Embedded Linux
14 1 (0.034%) MVS
14 1 (0.034%) Oracle Linux
14 1 (0.034%) OS/2
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,671 (56.43%) Agile Software Development
2 1,143 (38.60%) Microservices
3 978 (33.03%) TDD
4 490 (16.55%) Scrum
5 451 (15.23%) BDD
6 386 (13.04%) DevOps
7 342 (11.55%) Continuous Integration
8 317 (10.71%) Software Engineering
9 291 (9.83%) Test Automation
10 269 (9.08%) OO
11 259 (8.75%) Multithreading
12 214 (7.23%) Pair Programming
13 195 (6.59%) Unit Testing
14 192 (6.48%) Kanban
15 185 (6.25%) Open Source
16 176 (5.94%) Fintech
17 175 (5.91%) Low Latency
18 143 (4.83%) E-Commerce
19 137 (4.63%) Analytics
19 137 (4.63%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,959 (99.93%) Java
2 891 (30.09%) Java 8
3 627 (21.18%) JavaScript
4 524 (17.70%) SQL
5 300 (10.13%) Python
6 129 (4.36%) Scala
7 113 (3.82%) TypeScript
8 101 (3.41%) C++
9 89 (3.01%) C#
10 86 (2.90%) ES6
11 76 (2.57%) Kotlin
12 61 (2.06%) Shell Script
13 60 (2.03%) R
14 58 (1.96%) Groovy
15 57 (1.93%) PL/SQL
16 40 (1.35%) C
17 37 (1.25%) Bash Shell
17 37 (1.25%) Clojure
18 34 (1.15%) Ruby
19 28 (0.95%) Perl
Qualifications
1 305 (10.30%) Security Cleared
2 245 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 108 (3.65%) Degree
4 44 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 32 (1.08%) DV Cleared
6 22 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
7 15 (0.51%) Sun Certification
8 14 (0.47%) AWS Certification
9 11 (0.37%) OCPJP
10 8 (0.27%) DBS Check
10 8 (0.27%) Master's Degree
11 5 (0.17%) ISEB
11 5 (0.17%) ISTQB
12 2 (0.068%) BC Cleared
12 2 (0.068%) CTC Cleared
12 2 (0.068%) MBA
12 2 (0.068%) Numerate Degree
13 1 (0.034%) CISA
13 1 (0.034%) CISM
13 1 (0.034%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (1.65%) QA
2 10 (0.34%) MiFID
3 8 (0.27%) WCAG
4 5 (0.17%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.17%) EMIR
4 5 (0.17%) GDPR
4 5 (0.17%) SEPA
5 4 (0.14%) PCI DSS
6 3 (0.10%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.068%) HL7
8 1 (0.034%) Dodd-Frank
8 1 (0.034%) PSD2
System Software
1 587 (19.82%) Docker
2 36 (1.22%) Postfix
3 31 (1.05%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (1.05%) vSphere
4 9 (0.30%) Virtual Machines
5 8 (0.27%) HDFS
6 4 (0.14%) GridGain
7 3 (0.10%) Active Directory
7 3 (0.10%) OpenAM
7 3 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.068%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 1 (0.034%) Firmware
9 1 (0.034%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 313 (10.57%) Kubernetes
2 103 (3.48%) Terraform
3 88 (2.97%) Ansible
4 33 (1.11%) Puppet
5 19 (0.64%) Grafana
6 18 (0.61%) Opscode Chef
7 16 (0.54%) Kibana
8 15 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
9 11 (0.37%) Prometheus
10 10 (0.34%) Cobbler
10 10 (0.34%) linkerd
11 9 (0.30%) logstash
12 8 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
13 7 (0.24%) Istio
13 7 (0.24%) NetIQ Identity Manager
14 6 (0.20%) Consul
15 5 (0.17%) Oracle Identity Manager
16 3 (0.10%) Mesos
17 2 (0.068%) Oozie
17 2 (0.068%) PingFederate
Vendors
1 287 (9.69%) Oracle
2 90 (3.04%) Google
3 63 (2.13%) Sybase
4 39 (1.32%) VMware
5 34 (1.15%) MuleSoft
5 34 (1.15%) TIBCO
6 30 (1.01%) Microsoft
6 30 (1.01%) SAP
7 29 (0.98%) IBM
7 29 (0.98%) Red Hat
8 21 (0.71%) ION Trading
9 20 (0.68%) Salesforce.com
10 17 (0.57%) Atlassian
11 15 (0.51%) BEA
11 15 (0.51%) Solace
11 15 (0.51%) Sun
12 14 (0.47%) webMethods
13 13 (0.44%) WSO2
14 12 (0.41%) Charles River
15 11 (0.37%) NetIQ