Period
to 29 July 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
29 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 59 49 57
Rank change year-on-year -10 +8 -18
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 2,771 1,729 3,840
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.86% 4.71% 4.19%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.15% 5.05% 4.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,080 1,411 2,884
10th Percentile £413 £403 £400
25th Percentile £475 £475 £444
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% +5.00%
75th Percentile £670 £650 £625
90th Percentile £738 £750 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £480 £450
% change year-on-year -1.04% +6.67% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 27 8 13
10th Percentile £40.00 £51.00 £43.00
25th Percentile £49.90 £53.44 £50.00
Median hourly rate £60.00 £60.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year - +9.09% +50.60%
75th Percentile £65.50 £63.56 £60.00
90th Percentile £69.02 £66.53 "
UK excluding London median hourly rate £60.00 £54.00 £57.17
% change year-on-year +11.11% -5.54% +27.03%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 66,762 34,256 86,596
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.03% 93.25% 94.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 45,953 22,746 57,843
10th Percentile £300 £258 £263
25th Percentile £400 £375 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £468
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +1.60% +3.89%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £688 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,973 1,173 2,785
10th Percentile £11.49 £11.30 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.63 £14.25 £13.40
Median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year - +6.95% +6.86%
75th Percentile £43.50 £42.50 £42.62
90th Percentile £58.71 £52.90 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.77 £19.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year -6.47% +5.56% +2.86%

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 29 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 29 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 2,326 £575 +4.55% 769
London -8 1,768 £610 +1.67% 470
UK excluding London -26 685 £475 -1.04% 356
Work from Home -40 582 £518 +3.60% 193
Scotland +22 201 £444 -4.05% 46
North of England -20 149 £500 - 95
South East -17 108 £475 +1.28% 67
South West -39 69 £485 -7.62% 41
North West -12 68 £500 - 53
Midlands -21 67 £450 +9.09% 53
West Midlands -11 56 £450 +9.09% 45
East of England -25 50 £513 +1.23% 33
Yorkshire -44 43 £500 -2.91% 27
North East +16 38 £550 +17.33% 15
Northern Ireland +1 35 £475 +6.98% 10
East Midlands -18 10 £425 +15.25% 8
Wales -10 7 £475 +11.76% 11

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 29 July 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 2,771 (100.00%) Java
2 1,412 (50.96%) Spring
3 1,271 (45.87%) Agile Software Development
4 1,111 (40.09%) Microservices
5 886 (31.97%) Spring Boot
6 722 (26.06%) Banking
7 713 (25.73%) Finance
8 699 (25.23%) TDD
9 698 (25.19%) Java 8
10 591 (21.33%) Docker
11 570 (20.57%) Kubernetes
12 565 (20.39%) SQL
13 557 (20.10%) Jenkins
14 540 (19.49%) AWS
15 511 (18.44%) Git (software)
16 460 (16.60%) REST
17 443 (15.99%) Maven
18 437 (15.77%) Social Skills
19 432 (15.59%) Multithreading
20 423 (15.27%) Front Office
21 416 (15.01%) Oracle
22 411 (14.83%) Scrum
23 403 (14.54%) Investment Banking
24 392 (14.15%) BDD
25 390 (14.07%) Kafka
26 377 (13.61%) JavaScript
27 365 (13.17%) DevOps
28 362 (13.06%) Linux
29 352 (12.70%) Full Stack Development
30 343 (12.38%) RESTful

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 92 (3.32%) Confluence
2 85 (3.07%) Apache
3 79 (2.85%) Apache Spark
4 78 (2.81%) Mule
5 66 (2.38%) JBoss
6 64 (2.31%) Tomcat
7 63 (2.27%) WebLogic
8 50 (1.80%) Elasticsearch
8 50 (1.80%) Red Hat Fuse
9 43 (1.55%) Oracle Coherence
10 35 (1.26%) WebSphere
11 29 (1.05%) Cloud Foundry
12 17 (0.61%) Jetty
13 16 (0.58%) CMS
14 15 (0.54%) nginx
15 13 (0.47%) GemFire
16 12 (0.43%) OpenStack
17 9 (0.32%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 8 (0.29%) Camunda
18 8 (0.29%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 10 (0.36%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.036%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 25 (0.90%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
3 5 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.11%) Adobe Campaign
5 2 (0.072%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.072%) R3 Corda
5 2 (0.072%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.036%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.036%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.036%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 540 (19.49%) AWS
2 287 (10.36%) Azure
3 152 (5.49%) GCP
4 130 (4.69%) Serverless
5 97 (3.50%) AWS Lambda
6 75 (2.71%) OpenShift
7 65 (2.35%) Amazon SQS
7 65 (2.35%) GitHub
8 63 (2.27%) Amazon S3
9 50 (1.80%) Amazon ECS
10 46 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
11 33 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
12 31 (1.12%) SaaS
13 29 (1.05%) Amazon EKS
14 27 (0.97%) AWS CloudFormation
15 26 (0.94%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 21 (0.76%) Apigee
17 20 (0.72%) IaaS
18 17 (0.61%) PaaS
19 15 (0.54%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 43 (1.55%) HTTP
2 36 (1.30%) SSL
3 32 (1.15%) TCP/IP
4 12 (0.43%) Internet
5 10 (0.36%) FIX Connectivity
6 8 (0.29%) LAN
7 6 (0.22%) Broadband
8 5 (0.18%) SMS
9 4 (0.14%) SMTP
9 4 (0.14%) VPN
10 3 (0.11%) DMARC
10 3 (0.11%) DNS
10 3 (0.11%) Firewall
11 2 (0.072%) AMQP
11 2 (0.072%) FTP
11 2 (0.072%) Reverse Proxy
11 2 (0.072%) RTP
11 2 (0.072%) SWIFTNet
12 1 (0.036%) Kerberos
12 1 (0.036%) POP3
Database & Business Intelligence
1 248 (8.95%) NoSQL
2 214 (7.72%) Relational Database
3 197 (7.11%) MongoDB
4 163 (5.88%) PostgreSQL
5 126 (4.55%) SQL Server
6 111 (4.01%) MySQL
7 106 (3.83%) Redis
8 81 (2.92%) Hazelcast
9 72 (2.60%) Apache Cassandra
10 64 (2.31%) Big Data
11 60 (2.17%) Oracle Database
12 54 (1.95%) RDBMS
13 51 (1.84%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 42 (1.52%) Hadoop
15 34 (1.23%) DB2
16 22 (0.79%) Apache Ignite
17 20 (0.72%) BusinessObjects
18 19 (0.69%) Amazon Aurora
18 19 (0.69%) Flink
18 19 (0.69%) HBase
Development Applications
1 557 (20.10%) Jenkins
2 511 (18.44%) Git (software)
3 443 (15.99%) Maven
4 284 (10.25%) JUnit
5 193 (6.96%) JIRA
6 158 (5.70%) Cucumber
7 131 (4.73%) Mockito
8 111 (4.01%) Gradle
9 78 (2.81%) Subversion
10 77 (2.78%) Bitbucket
11 74 (2.67%) GitLab
12 73 (2.63%) IntelliJ
13 64 (2.31%) Selenium
14 61 (2.20%) TeamCity
15 58 (2.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 54 (1.95%) Eclipse
17 46 (1.66%) SonarQube
18 37 (1.34%) Ant
19 32 (1.15%) Sonatype Nexus
20 29 (1.05%) Artifactory
General
1 722 (26.06%) Banking
2 713 (25.73%) Finance
3 437 (15.77%) Social Skills
4 423 (15.27%) Front Office
5 403 (14.54%) Investment Banking
6 150 (5.41%) Analytical Skills
7 127 (4.58%) Public Sector
8 70 (2.53%) Retail
9 57 (2.06%) Manufacturing
10 37 (1.34%) Financial Institution
10 37 (1.34%) Telecoms
11 34 (1.23%) Documentation Skills
12 25 (0.90%) Electronics
13 23 (0.83%) Marketing
14 18 (0.65%) Back Office
15 16 (0.58%) Games
16 13 (0.47%) Automotive
17 10 (0.36%) Publishing
17 10 (0.36%) Retail Banking
18 9 (0.32%) Influencing Skills
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,412 (50.96%) Spring
2 886 (31.97%) Spring Boot
3 460 (16.60%) REST
4 390 (14.07%) Kafka
5 343 (12.38%) RESTful
6 320 (11.55%) React
7 307 (11.08%) AngularJS
8 291 (10.50%) Hibernate
9 237 (8.55%) Web Services
10 214 (7.72%) J2EE
11 208 (7.51%) HTML
12 181 (6.53%) Node.js
13 164 (5.92%) CSS
14 155 (5.59%) Apache Camel
15 149 (5.38%) JSON
16 136 (4.91%) Middleware
17 130 (4.69%) XML
18 118 (4.26%) JPA
19 103 (3.72%) JMS
20 99 (3.57%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 260 (9.38%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 182 (6.57%) Fixed Income
3 172 (6.21%) Data Structures
4 154 (5.56%) Greenfield Project
5 130 (4.69%) Derivative
6 122 (4.40%) Algorithms
7 87 (3.14%) Enterprise Software
8 79 (2.85%) User Experience
9 75 (2.71%) Equities
10 61 (2.20%) Data Protection Act
11 42 (1.52%) Market Risk
12 41 (1.48%) Cloud Native
12 41 (1.48%) Virtual Team
13 37 (1.34%) Legacy Systems
14 30 (1.08%) Mobile App
15 27 (0.97%) Self-Motivation
16 26 (0.94%) Hedge funds
17 25 (0.90%) Grid Computing
18 24 (0.87%) Management Information System
19 20 (0.72%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 362 (13.06%) Linux
2 269 (9.71%) Unix
3 51 (1.84%) Windows
4 19 (0.69%) Android
5 12 (0.43%) Mac OS X
6 11 (0.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 8 (0.29%) Debian
7 8 (0.29%) VMS
8 7 (0.25%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.25%) CentOS
9 6 (0.22%) Ubuntu
10 3 (0.11%) CoreOS
11 2 (0.072%) Amazon Linux
11 2 (0.072%) Android TV
11 2 (0.072%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.036%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,271 (45.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,111 (40.09%) Microservices
3 699 (25.23%) TDD
4 432 (15.59%) Multithreading
5 411 (14.83%) Scrum
6 392 (14.15%) BDD
7 365 (13.17%) DevOps
8 352 (12.70%) Full Stack Development
9 291 (10.50%) Software Engineering
10 283 (10.21%) Test Automation
11 282 (10.18%) Low Latency
12 236 (8.52%) Electronic Trading
13 223 (8.05%) Continuous Integration
14 204 (7.36%) SDLC
15 199 (7.18%) OO
16 187 (6.75%) Pair Programming
17 182 (6.57%) Problem-Solving
18 153 (5.52%) Unit Testing
19 146 (5.27%) Performance Tuning
20 126 (4.55%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 2,771 (100.00%) Java
2 698 (25.19%) Java 8
3 565 (20.39%) SQL
4 377 (13.61%) JavaScript
5 249 (8.99%) Java 11
6 207 (7.47%) Python
7 167 (6.03%) Scala
8 128 (4.62%) C++
9 119 (4.29%) PL/SQL
10 112 (4.04%) Kotlin
11 96 (3.46%) TypeScript
12 81 (2.92%) Shell Script
13 62 (2.24%) C#
14 46 (1.66%) Groovy
15 45 (1.62%) C
16 42 (1.52%) Java 9
17 34 (1.23%) Go
17 34 (1.23%) Haskell
18 26 (0.94%) ES6
19 25 (0.90%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 185 (6.68%) Security Cleared
2 171 (6.17%) SC Cleared
3 135 (4.87%) Degree
4 54 (1.95%) Computer Science Degree
5 23 (0.83%) Sun Certification
6 21 (0.76%) BPSS Clearance
7 17 (0.61%) Master's Degree
7 17 (0.61%) OCPJP
8 13 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
9 9 (0.32%) DV Cleared
10 8 (0.29%) AWS Certification
11 5 (0.18%) DBS Check
12 3 (0.11%) CFA
13 2 (0.072%) ISTQB
13 2 (0.072%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 1 (0.036%) BC Cleared
14 1 (0.036%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 75 (2.71%) QA
2 22 (0.79%) Data Quality
3 20 (0.72%) Accessibility
4 12 (0.43%) PMO
5 11 (0.40%) GDPR
6 8 (0.29%) ISO 20022
6 8 (0.29%) MiFID
7 4 (0.14%) SLA
8 3 (0.11%) EMIR
9 2 (0.072%) ISO 15022
10 1 (0.036%) Dodd-Frank
System Software
1 591 (21.33%) Docker
2 19 (0.69%) Platform Symphony
3 8 (0.29%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 4 (0.14%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
5 3 (0.11%) GridGain
5 3 (0.11%) HDFS
5 3 (0.11%) Postfix
5 3 (0.11%) Varnish
5 3 (0.11%) vSphere
6 2 (0.072%) Virtual Machines
7 1 (0.036%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 570 (20.57%) Kubernetes
2 128 (4.62%) Ansible
3 82 (2.96%) Terraform
4 49 (1.77%) Grafana
5 40 (1.44%) Kibana
6 30 (1.08%) Prometheus
7 29 (1.05%) Puppet
8 13 (0.47%) Opscode Chef
9 9 (0.32%) Istio
10 8 (0.29%) logstash
11 4 (0.14%) Zipkin
12 3 (0.11%) Kiali
12 3 (0.11%) Mesos
12 3 (0.11%) Oozie
13 2 (0.072%) Galera Cluster
13 2 (0.072%) Graphite
13 2 (0.072%) Hadoop YARN
13 2 (0.072%) linkerd
14 1 (0.036%) HP ALM
14 1 (0.036%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 416 (15.01%) Oracle
2 83 (3.00%) Google
3 76 (2.74%) ION Trading
4 47 (1.70%) Sybase
5 43 (1.55%) webMethods
6 40 (1.44%) IBM
6 40 (1.44%) TIBCO
7 39 (1.41%) Atlassian
8 36 (1.30%) BEA
9 33 (1.19%) Informatica
10 31 (1.12%) Microsoft
11 27 (0.97%) WSO2
12 26 (0.94%) SAP
13 22 (0.79%) Solace
13 22 (0.79%) Splunk
14 21 (0.76%) MuleSoft
15 20 (0.72%) CA
16 18 (0.65%) Adobe
17 17 (0.61%) Sun
18 15 (0.54%) Bloomberg