Period
to 27 January 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
27 Jan 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 55 64 39
Rank change year-on-year +9 -25 -5
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 1,690 2,480 5,351
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.94% 3.47% 5.46%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.26% 3.69% 5.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,608 1,953 4,278
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £368 £400 £398
90th Percentile £725 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £433 £450 £450
% change year-on-year -3.72% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 4 21
Median hourly rate £55.00 £47.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £41.55 £23.56 £40.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £66.10 £64.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £58.00 £45.00 £50.00
% change year-on-year +28.89% -10.00% +11.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 39,625 67,135 92,777
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.49% 93.85% 94.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,912 44,891 62,526
Median daily rate £470 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% - -
10th Percentile £256 £238 £267
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,435 2,482 2,746
Median hourly rate £23.43 £18.00 £17.55
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.17% +2.56% -1.07%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £10.92
90th Percentile £58.00 £50.00 £48.75
Median hourly rate £19.50 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +11.43% - -

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 27 January 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 27 January 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 1,440 £550 - 511
London +9 1,088 £600 +4.35% 301
UK excluding London +1 412 £433 -3.72% 255
Work from Home -1 395 £500 - 124
North of England +7 110 £460 -3.16% 79
Scotland +8 69 £395 -12.22% 34
South West +25 66 £468 +3.89% 27
North West +9 48 £450 - 45
South East -2 45 £413 -13.16% 60
East of England +77 40 £500 +25.00% 19
Midlands -12 39 £428 -4.89% 26
North East +36 32 £489 +15.06% 12
Yorkshire -13 30 £450 -8.86% 22
West Midlands -15 30 £428 -4.89% 19
Northern Ireland -1 28 £431 +1.41% 8
Wales +12 15 £375 -16.67% 2
East Midlands +25 9 £315 -25.88% 7

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 January 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 1,686 (99.76%) Java
2 801 (47.40%) Spring
3 785 (46.45%) Agile Software Development
4 653 (38.64%) Microservices
5 459 (27.16%) Finance
6 455 (26.92%) Banking
6 455 (26.92%) Docker
6 455 (26.92%) Spring Boot
7 410 (24.26%) TDD
8 399 (23.61%) Java 8
9 396 (23.43%) Kubernetes
10 359 (21.24%) AWS
11 335 (19.82%) SQL
12 329 (19.47%) Front Office
13 313 (18.52%) Jenkins
14 293 (17.34%) REST
15 289 (17.10%) Git (software)
16 258 (15.27%) JavaScript
17 241 (14.26%) Web Services
18 239 (14.14%) Multithreading
19 236 (13.96%) Maven
20 233 (13.79%) BDD
21 227 (13.43%) Linux
22 225 (13.31%) DevOps
23 224 (13.25%) Investment Banking
24 219 (12.96%) Scrum
25 205 (12.13%) Security Cleared
26 201 (11.89%) Oracle
27 197 (11.66%) AngularJS
28 194 (11.48%) Kafka

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 123 (7.28%) Mule
2 86 (5.09%) Red Hat Fuse
3 72 (4.26%) Elasticsearch
4 70 (4.14%) Apache
5 65 (3.85%) Confluence
6 54 (3.20%) WebLogic
7 49 (2.90%) Apache Spark
8 45 (2.66%) JBoss
9 27 (1.60%) WebSphere
10 24 (1.42%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 24 (1.42%) Tomcat
11 18 (1.07%) Cloud Foundry
12 13 (0.77%) Camunda
12 13 (0.77%) Oracle Service Bus
13 10 (0.59%) Apache ServiceMix
13 10 (0.59%) BizTalk Server
13 10 (0.59%) CICS
14 6 (0.36%) CMS
15 5 (0.30%) Apache Solr
16 4 (0.24%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 1 (0.059%) Microsoft Office
1 1 (0.059%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 22 (1.30%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.36%) RMDS
3 4 (0.24%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.12%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.12%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
5 1 (0.059%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.059%) Minerva
5 1 (0.059%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.059%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.059%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.059%) SunGard Martini
5 1 (0.059%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.059%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 359 (21.24%) AWS
2 155 (9.17%) Azure
3 102 (6.04%) GCP
4 74 (4.38%) Serverless
5 55 (3.25%) AWS Lambda
6 52 (3.08%) Amazon ECS
7 45 (2.66%) Apigee
8 44 (2.60%) OpenShift
9 41 (2.43%) GitHub
10 28 (1.66%) Amazon EC2
11 27 (1.60%) Amazon S3
12 22 (1.30%) PaaS
13 21 (1.24%) SaaS
14 18 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
15 17 (1.01%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 17 (1.01%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
17 14 (0.83%) Boomi
18 13 (0.77%) AWS Fargate
19 11 (0.65%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 48 (2.84%) HTTP
2 13 (0.77%) FTP
2 13 (0.77%) Internet
3 11 (0.65%) SSL
4 7 (0.41%) TCP/IP
5 5 (0.30%) HTTPS
6 4 (0.24%) Network Security
7 3 (0.18%) DNS
7 3 (0.18%) FIX Connectivity
7 3 (0.18%) SMS
8 2 (0.12%) AMQP
8 2 (0.12%) Broadband
8 2 (0.12%) LAN
8 2 (0.12%) SSH
8 2 (0.12%) VPN
9 1 (0.059%) ASN.1
9 1 (0.059%) DAB
9 1 (0.059%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.059%) Kerberos
9 1 (0.059%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 159 (9.41%) Relational Database
2 129 (7.63%) MySQL
3 121 (7.16%) NoSQL
4 118 (6.98%) PostgreSQL
5 103 (6.09%) MongoDB
6 80 (4.73%) SQL Server
7 46 (2.72%) Hadoop
8 36 (2.13%) Apache Cassandra
8 36 (2.13%) RDBMS
9 28 (1.66%) Amazon Redshift
9 28 (1.66%) Oracle Database
10 26 (1.54%) Big Data
11 24 (1.42%) Hazelcast
12 20 (1.18%) Redis
13 17 (1.01%) Amazon RDS
14 12 (0.71%) Amazon Aurora
14 12 (0.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 12 (0.71%) Blockchain
14 12 (0.71%) DB2
15 10 (0.59%) Adabas
Development Applications
1 313 (18.52%) Jenkins
2 289 (17.10%) Git (software)
3 236 (13.96%) Maven
4 130 (7.69%) JUnit
5 107 (6.33%) JIRA
6 83 (4.91%) Gradle
7 80 (4.73%) GitLab
8 74 (4.38%) Cucumber
9 58 (3.43%) Mockito
10 46 (2.72%) Subversion
11 37 (2.19%) Artifactory
12 36 (2.13%) Selenium
13 32 (1.89%) SonarQube
14 30 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 28 (1.66%) Ant
16 26 (1.54%) Eclipse
17 23 (1.36%) Bitbucket
18 22 (1.30%) TeamCity
19 20 (1.18%) jMock
20 18 (1.07%) Hudson
General
1 459 (27.16%) Finance
2 455 (26.92%) Banking
3 329 (19.47%) Front Office
4 224 (13.25%) Investment Banking
5 108 (6.39%) Public Sector
6 52 (3.08%) Marketing
7 50 (2.96%) Telecoms
8 47 (2.78%) Manufacturing
9 45 (2.66%) Electronics
10 27 (1.60%) Retail
11 23 (1.36%) Financial Institution
12 14 (0.83%) Retail Banking
13 10 (0.59%) Advertising
13 10 (0.59%) Back Office
14 8 (0.47%) Games
15 7 (0.41%) Automotive
16 5 (0.30%) Law
17 4 (0.24%) Aerospace
17 4 (0.24%) Corporate Banking
18 2 (0.12%) French Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 801 (47.40%) Spring
2 455 (26.92%) Spring Boot
3 293 (17.34%) REST
4 241 (14.26%) Web Services
5 197 (11.66%) AngularJS
6 194 (11.48%) Kafka
7 190 (11.24%) RESTful
8 183 (10.83%) Middleware
9 181 (10.71%) Apache Camel
10 157 (9.29%) HTML
11 151 (8.93%) JSON
12 134 (7.93%) Hibernate
13 124 (7.34%) React
14 117 (6.92%) XML
15 113 (6.69%) Spring Integration
16 98 (5.80%) Node.js
17 97 (5.74%) CSS
18 95 (5.62%) J2EE
19 87 (5.15%) SOAP
20 72 (4.26%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 157 (9.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 155 (9.17%) Fixed Income
3 104 (6.15%) Greenfield Project
4 76 (4.50%) Derivative
5 69 (4.08%) Equities
6 55 (3.25%) Analytical Skills
6 55 (3.25%) Data Structures
7 44 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
8 39 (2.31%) Hedge funds
9 34 (2.01%) Mobile App
10 31 (1.83%) Algorithms
11 23 (1.36%) Cloud Native
12 22 (1.30%) Public Cloud
13 21 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
14 20 (1.18%) Credit Risk
15 18 (1.07%) Clustering
16 17 (1.01%) Mainframe
16 17 (1.01%) Market Risk
17 16 (0.95%) Linux Command Line
18 12 (0.71%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 227 (13.43%) Linux
2 152 (8.99%) Unix
3 20 (1.18%) Mac OS X
4 19 (1.12%) Windows
5 18 (1.07%) Android
6 7 (0.41%) Apple iOS
7 6 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 3 (0.18%) Solaris
9 2 (0.12%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.059%) AIX
10 1 (0.059%) CentOS
10 1 (0.059%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.059%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.059%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.059%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (0.059%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 785 (46.45%) Agile Software Development
2 653 (38.64%) Microservices
3 410 (24.26%) TDD
4 239 (14.14%) Multithreading
5 233 (13.79%) BDD
6 225 (13.31%) DevOps
7 219 (12.96%) Scrum
8 194 (11.48%) Software Engineering
9 192 (11.36%) Low Latency
10 191 (11.30%) Electronic Trading
11 164 (9.70%) OO
12 156 (9.23%) Test Automation
13 154 (9.11%) Continuous Integration
14 111 (6.57%) SDLC
15 97 (5.74%) Problem-Solving
16 95 (5.62%) Continuous Delivery
17 94 (5.56%) Unit Testing
18 84 (4.97%) Computer Science
19 82 (4.85%) Open Source
20 68 (4.02%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,686 (99.76%) Java
2 399 (23.61%) Java 8
3 335 (19.82%) SQL
4 258 (15.27%) JavaScript
5 185 (10.95%) Python
6 112 (6.63%) Scala
7 81 (4.79%) C++
8 73 (4.32%) Kotlin
8 73 (4.32%) PL/SQL
9 55 (3.25%) Shell Script
10 50 (2.96%) TypeScript
11 40 (2.37%) C#
12 29 (1.72%) XPath
13 26 (1.54%) Go
14 21 (1.24%) Groovy
15 18 (1.07%) C
15 18 (1.07%) Perl
16 15 (0.89%) COBOL
17 14 (0.83%) ES6
18 13 (0.77%) Haskell
Qualifications
1 205 (12.13%) Security Cleared
2 172 (10.18%) SC Cleared
3 85 (5.03%) Degree
4 34 (2.01%) Computer Science Degree
5 28 (1.66%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.30%) Numerate Degree
7 10 (0.59%) AWS Certification
8 8 (0.47%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.41%) CTC Cleared
9 7 (0.41%) OCPJP
9 7 (0.41%) Sun Certification
10 6 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
11 5 (0.30%) PhD
12 3 (0.18%) DBS Check
13 2 (0.12%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (1.24%) QA
2 9 (0.53%) PMO
3 6 (0.36%) MiFID
4 3 (0.18%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.12%) GDPR
6 1 (0.059%) IFRS
6 1 (0.059%) IFRS 9
6 1 (0.059%) NCSC
6 1 (0.059%) SLA
System Software
1 455 (26.92%) Docker
2 10 (0.59%) Time Sharing Option
3 7 (0.41%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 3 (0.18%) HDFS
4 3 (0.18%) Postfix
4 3 (0.18%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.12%) GridGain
5 2 (0.12%) vSphere
6 1 (0.059%) Active Directory
6 1 (0.059%) NDS
6 1 (0.059%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 396 (23.43%) Kubernetes
2 66 (3.91%) Ansible
3 60 (3.55%) Terraform
4 18 (1.07%) Prometheus
5 17 (1.01%) Grafana
6 16 (0.95%) Puppet
7 6 (0.36%) Opscode Chef
8 5 (0.30%) Kibana
8 5 (0.30%) Rundeck
9 4 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
10 3 (0.18%) Docker Swarm
10 3 (0.18%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.18%) Oozie
11 2 (0.12%) Salt
11 2 (0.12%) vRealize
12 1 (0.059%) CloudHub
12 1 (0.059%) Istio
12 1 (0.059%) linkerd
12 1 (0.059%) Rancher
12 1 (0.059%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 201 (11.89%) Oracle
2 55 (3.25%) Google
3 49 (2.90%) SAP
4 45 (2.66%) ION Trading
5 44 (2.60%) webMethods
6 36 (2.13%) TIBCO
7 35 (2.07%) Atlassian
8 34 (2.01%) BEA
8 34 (2.01%) Sybase
9 31 (1.83%) MuleSoft
10 27 (1.60%) WSO2
11 25 (1.48%) Splunk
12 22 (1.30%) Talend
13 21 (1.24%) Informatica
14 17 (1.01%) AppDynamics
15 16 (0.95%) IBM
15 16 (0.95%) Red Hat
16 15 (0.89%) Murex
17 13 (0.77%) Microsoft
18 11 (0.65%) Confluent