Period
to 13 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £550 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 56 59 45
Rank change year-on-year +3 -14 -8
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 2,018 2,256 4,666
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.84% 3.77% 4.84%
As % of the Job Titles category 4.14% 4.02% 5.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,559 1,792 3,610
10th Percentile £400 £400 £400
25th Percentile £462 £450 £439
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £538 £525
Median % change year-on-year +2.33% +2.38% +5.00%
75th Percentile £650 £625 £625
90th Percentile £738 £700 £688
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £460 £464
% change year-on-year -2.17% -0.81% +9.12%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 9 20
10th Percentile £40.00 £40.88 £44.54
25th Percentile £41.19 £52.50 £48.40
Median hourly rate £50.00 £58.00 £55.00
Median % change year-on-year -13.79% +5.45% +54.93%
75th Percentile £58.00 £63.00 £60.00
90th Percentile £68.00 £66.10 £64.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £54.00 £55.00
% change year-on-year +1.85% -1.82% +22.22%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 48,693 56,183 91,309
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.77% 93.80% 94.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,398 37,314 61,632
10th Percentile £275 £225 £270
25th Percentile £375 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £463
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -0.70% +2.94%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £569
90th Percentile £660 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,680 2,155 2,660
10th Percentile £11.30 £11.50 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.83
Median % change year-on-year +20.32% +4.91% +1.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.12 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.29% - -

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 1,695 £575 +4.55% 604
London +1 1,299 £610 +6.09% 331
UK excluding London +2 490 £450 -2.17% 331
Work from Home -21 459 £500 -5.93% 179
Scotland +21 125 £423 -6.11% 44
North of England +2 96 £475 +1.12% 77
South East -4 75 £450 -4.26% 75
South West +7 73 £465 -7.00% 39
East of England +23 43 £506 +1.25% 33
North West +9 41 £473 -3.08% 43
Midlands -33 40 £415 -2.35% 44
Yorkshire -5 29 £450 -5.26% 19
West Midlands -37 28 £425 - 40
North East +20 26 £489 +13.72% 15
Northern Ireland +3 21 £431 - 10
Wales +7 16 £475 +18.75% 9
East Midlands +23 11 £413 -2.37% 4
Channel Islands - 1 - -

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 2,015 (99.85%) Java
2 970 (48.07%) Spring
3 924 (45.79%) Agile Software Development
4 781 (38.70%) Microservices
5 578 (28.64%) Spring Boot
6 569 (28.20%) Banking
7 518 (25.67%) Finance
8 515 (25.52%) TDD
9 498 (24.68%) Java 8
10 497 (24.63%) Docker
11 462 (22.89%) Kubernetes
12 404 (20.02%) SQL
13 398 (19.72%) AWS
14 367 (18.19%) Front Office
15 365 (18.09%) Jenkins
16 350 (17.34%) REST
17 328 (16.25%) JavaScript
18 327 (16.20%) Git (software)
19 316 (15.66%) Multithreading
20 307 (15.21%) BDD
21 304 (15.06%) Investment Banking
22 288 (14.27%) DevOps
23 286 (14.17%) Kafka
24 284 (14.07%) Maven
25 281 (13.92%) Scrum
26 263 (13.03%) RESTful
27 262 (12.98%) Linux
28 240 (11.89%) Oracle
28 240 (11.89%) AngularJS
29 237 (11.74%) Low Latency

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 108 (5.35%) Mule
2 72 (3.57%) Apache Spark
3 68 (3.37%) Red Hat Fuse
4 65 (3.22%) Confluence
5 63 (3.12%) Apache
6 58 (2.87%) Elasticsearch
7 48 (2.38%) Tomcat
8 46 (2.28%) WebLogic
9 36 (1.78%) JBoss
10 31 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 30 (1.49%) Oracle Coherence
12 26 (1.29%) WebSphere
13 17 (0.84%) Camunda
14 11 (0.55%) CICS
15 10 (0.50%) Apache Solr
15 10 (0.50%) CMS
15 10 (0.50%) Oracle Service Bus
16 9 (0.45%) Jetty
17 7 (0.35%) nginx
17 7 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (0.050%) Doxygen
1 1 (0.050%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 5 (0.25%) ION MarketView
2 4 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
3 3 (0.15%) Adobe Campaign
4 2 (0.099%) BusinessWorks
4 2 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
4 2 (0.099%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
4 2 (0.099%) RMDS
4 2 (0.099%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.050%) Distributed Ledger
5 1 (0.050%) Minerva
5 1 (0.050%) Oracle EBS
5 1 (0.050%) R3 Corda
5 1 (0.050%) Teamcenter
Cloud Services
1 398 (19.72%) AWS
2 189 (9.37%) Azure
3 86 (4.26%) GCP
4 70 (3.47%) Serverless
5 65 (3.22%) OpenShift
6 44 (2.18%) AWS Lambda
6 44 (2.18%) GitHub
7 34 (1.68%) Amazon ECS
8 32 (1.59%) PaaS
9 30 (1.49%) Amazon S3
9 30 (1.49%) SaaS
10 28 (1.39%) Cloud Computing
11 25 (1.24%) Apigee
12 22 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
13 18 (0.89%) AWS CloudFormation
14 17 (0.84%) Amazon EC2
14 17 (0.84%) IaaS
15 15 (0.74%) Amazon ElastiCache
15 15 (0.74%) AWS Fargate
16 13 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 42 (2.08%) HTTP
2 22 (1.09%) SSL
3 13 (0.64%) FTP
4 12 (0.59%) TCP/IP
5 11 (0.55%) Internet
6 7 (0.35%) SMS
7 5 (0.25%) DNS
7 5 (0.25%) HTTPS
7 5 (0.25%) VPN
8 4 (0.20%) Broadband
8 4 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
8 4 (0.20%) Network Security
8 4 (0.20%) SMTP
9 3 (0.15%) DMARC
9 3 (0.15%) SSH
10 2 (0.099%) AMQP
10 2 (0.099%) Kerberos
10 2 (0.099%) LAN
10 2 (0.099%) Reverse Proxy
10 2 (0.099%) SWIFTNet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 161 (7.98%) NoSQL
2 160 (7.93%) Relational Database
3 140 (6.94%) MongoDB
4 130 (6.44%) PostgreSQL
5 73 (3.62%) MySQL
6 62 (3.07%) SQL Server
7 52 (2.58%) Hadoop
8 43 (2.13%) Apache Cassandra
8 43 (2.13%) Hazelcast
9 40 (1.98%) Big Data
10 39 (1.93%) RDBMS
11 35 (1.73%) Oracle Database
12 34 (1.68%) Redis
13 25 (1.24%) DB2
14 19 (0.94%) Flink
15 16 (0.79%) Blockchain
16 15 (0.74%) HBase
17 14 (0.69%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 14 (0.69%) Apache Hive
18 13 (0.64%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 365 (18.09%) Jenkins
2 327 (16.20%) Git (software)
3 284 (14.07%) Maven
4 162 (8.03%) JUnit
5 133 (6.59%) JIRA
6 103 (5.10%) Cucumber
7 90 (4.46%) Gradle
8 76 (3.77%) Mockito
9 57 (2.82%) Subversion
10 46 (2.28%) GitLab
11 45 (2.23%) Bitbucket
12 39 (1.93%) Selenium
13 38 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 37 (1.83%) Ant
15 35 (1.73%) Eclipse
15 35 (1.73%) SonarQube
16 31 (1.54%) TeamCity
17 30 (1.49%) IntelliJ
18 20 (0.99%) Sonatype Nexus
19 16 (0.79%) Jasmine
General
1 569 (28.20%) Banking
2 518 (25.67%) Finance
3 367 (18.19%) Front Office
4 304 (15.06%) Investment Banking
5 112 (5.55%) Public Sector
6 45 (2.23%) Marketing
6 45 (2.23%) Telecoms
7 44 (2.18%) Manufacturing
8 40 (1.98%) Retail
9 34 (1.68%) Electronics
10 20 (0.99%) Financial Institution
11 15 (0.74%) Automotive
12 13 (0.64%) Retail Banking
13 11 (0.55%) Back Office
14 10 (0.50%) Games
15 8 (0.40%) Law
16 6 (0.30%) Advertising
16 6 (0.30%) Aerospace
16 6 (0.30%) Publishing
17 4 (0.20%) Private Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 970 (48.07%) Spring
2 578 (28.64%) Spring Boot
3 350 (17.34%) REST
4 286 (14.17%) Kafka
5 263 (13.03%) RESTful
6 240 (11.89%) AngularJS
7 221 (10.95%) Web Services
8 214 (10.60%) Hibernate
9 183 (9.07%) React
10 165 (8.18%) HTML
11 162 (8.03%) Middleware
12 152 (7.53%) Apache Camel
13 132 (6.54%) JSON
14 123 (6.10%) XML
15 121 (6.00%) Node.js
16 116 (5.75%) J2EE
17 110 (5.45%) Spring Integration
18 97 (4.81%) CSS
19 78 (3.87%) SOAP
20 76 (3.77%) JPA
Miscellaneous
1 199 (9.86%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 121 (6.00%) Fixed Income
3 119 (5.90%) Greenfield Project
4 99 (4.91%) Data Structures
5 84 (4.16%) Derivative
6 76 (3.77%) Enterprise Software
7 71 (3.52%) Analytical Skills
8 51 (2.53%) Algorithms
8 51 (2.53%) Equities
9 44 (2.18%) Cloud Native
10 37 (1.83%) Mobile App
11 33 (1.64%) Market Risk
11 33 (1.64%) Self-Motivation
12 29 (1.44%) Virtual Team
13 26 (1.29%) User Experience
14 24 (1.19%) Clustering
14 24 (1.19%) Credit Risk
15 23 (1.14%) Grid Computing
15 23 (1.14%) Public Cloud
16 21 (1.04%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 262 (12.98%) Linux
2 187 (9.27%) Unix
3 20 (0.99%) Android
3 20 (0.99%) Windows
4 19 (0.94%) Mac OS X
5 10 (0.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 6 (0.30%) Apple iOS
7 5 (0.25%) CentOS
7 5 (0.25%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.15%) CoreOS
9 2 (0.099%) Amazon Linux
10 1 (0.050%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.050%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 924 (45.79%) Agile Software Development
2 781 (38.70%) Microservices
3 515 (25.52%) TDD
4 316 (15.66%) Multithreading
5 307 (15.21%) BDD
6 288 (14.27%) DevOps
7 281 (13.92%) Scrum
8 237 (11.74%) Low Latency
9 208 (10.31%) Test Automation
10 206 (10.21%) Electronic Trading
11 205 (10.16%) Software Engineering
12 197 (9.76%) Continuous Integration
13 167 (8.28%) OO
14 134 (6.64%) SDLC
15 118 (5.85%) Pair Programming
16 112 (5.55%) Unit Testing
17 110 (5.45%) Problem-Solving
18 109 (5.40%) Performance Tuning
19 98 (4.86%) Continuous Delivery
20 96 (4.76%) Open Source
Programming Languages
1 2,015 (99.85%) Java
2 498 (24.68%) Java 8
3 404 (20.02%) SQL
4 328 (16.25%) JavaScript
5 173 (8.57%) Python
6 138 (6.84%) Scala
7 99 (4.91%) C++
8 98 (4.86%) Kotlin
9 83 (4.11%) PL/SQL
10 60 (2.97%) TypeScript
11 48 (2.38%) Shell Script
12 42 (2.08%) C#
13 38 (1.88%) Groovy
14 31 (1.54%) Go
15 27 (1.34%) C
16 24 (1.19%) Java 9
17 23 (1.14%) Bash Shell
18 22 (1.09%) ES6
19 19 (0.94%) XPath
20 16 (0.79%) COBOL
Qualifications
1 223 (11.05%) Security Cleared
2 192 (9.51%) SC Cleared
3 93 (4.61%) Degree
4 35 (1.73%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.29%) DV Cleared
6 22 (1.09%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (0.64%) AWS Certification
8 10 (0.50%) OCPJP
8 10 (0.50%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.40%) BPSS Clearance
10 7 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
11 6 (0.30%) Master's Degree
12 4 (0.20%) PhD
13 2 (0.099%) BC Cleared
13 2 (0.099%) CFA
14 1 (0.050%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (2.08%) QA
2 12 (0.59%) PMO
3 7 (0.35%) ISO 20022
4 6 (0.30%) MiFID
5 5 (0.25%) Data Quality
5 5 (0.25%) GDPR
6 4 (0.20%) SLA
7 2 (0.099%) ISO 15022
8 1 (0.050%) IFRS
8 1 (0.050%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 497 (24.63%) Docker
2 13 (0.64%) Apache ZooKeeper
2 13 (0.64%) Platform Symphony
3 11 (0.55%) Time Sharing Option
4 5 (0.25%) GridGain
5 4 (0.20%) HDFS
6 3 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
7 2 (0.099%) Active Directory
7 2 (0.099%) Postfix
7 2 (0.099%) vSphere
8 1 (0.050%) NDS
8 1 (0.050%) NetIQ eDirectory
8 1 (0.050%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 462 (22.89%) Kubernetes
2 83 (4.11%) Ansible
3 71 (3.52%) Terraform
4 24 (1.19%) Prometheus
5 22 (1.09%) Puppet
6 18 (0.89%) Grafana
7 13 (0.64%) Kibana
8 8 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
9 4 (0.20%) logstash
9 4 (0.20%) Oozie
10 3 (0.15%) Hadoop YARN
10 3 (0.15%) Istio
10 3 (0.15%) Zipkin
11 2 (0.099%) Argo
11 2 (0.099%) Docker Swarm
11 2 (0.099%) Salt
11 2 (0.099%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.099%) vRealize
12 1 (0.050%) Mesos
12 1 (0.050%) NetIQ Identity Manager
Vendors
1 240 (11.89%) Oracle
2 53 (2.63%) Google
3 40 (1.98%) Atlassian
4 39 (1.93%) SAP
5 35 (1.73%) TIBCO
6 32 (1.59%) ION Trading
6 32 (1.59%) MuleSoft
6 32 (1.59%) Sybase
7 31 (1.54%) BEA
7 31 (1.54%) Splunk
7 31 (1.54%) webMethods
8 29 (1.44%) IBM
9 23 (1.14%) Microsoft
10 21 (1.04%) AppDynamics
11 17 (0.84%) Informatica
12 15 (0.74%) Confluent
13 13 (0.64%) WSO2
14 12 (0.59%) Murex
14 12 (0.59%) Red Hat
15 10 (0.50%) Sun