Period
to 15 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
15 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 37 34 44
Rank change year-on-year -3 +10 0
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 6,066 6,128 4,619
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.82% 5.94% 4.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 6.15% 6.25% 4.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,699 4,757 3,524
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £465
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +7.53% +3.33%
10th Percentile £388 £362 £325
90th Percentile £675 £656 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 37 28 22
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £37.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.36% +10.10% -12.57%
10th Percentile £35.00 £35.35 £30.75
90th Percentile £58.88 £50.25 £51.95
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £41.15 £37.25
% change year-on-year +9.36% +10.47% -12.87%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 98,694 97,988 97,540
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.71% 94.94% 94.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,351 64,962 63,626
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.29%
10th Percentile £270 £258 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £395
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,030 2,868 3,307
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.76 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -2.78% +2.86% -

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java Developer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 15 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 15 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 5,533 £525 +4.48% 1,160
London -5 3,422 £550 - 620
UK excluding London -5 2,582 £450 +5.88% 639
South East 0 803 £500 +5.26% 188
North of England -12 529 £438 +2.94% 129
Scotland -3 328 £425 +11.84% 62
Midlands +32 314 £450 +12.50% 92
North West -12 269 £425 +0.59% 62
East of England +9 242 £510 +20.00% 64
South West -12 221 £425 +3.03% 67
Yorkshire -17 216 £450 +5.88% 47
West Midlands +32 194 £450 +33.33% 48
East Midlands +11 116 £450 +5.88% 44
Wales -3 104 £450 - 28
North East +3 45 £406 -4.41% 20
Northern Ireland -5 45 £425 - 10
Channel Islands - 2 - -

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 15 December 2018, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 6,065 (99.98%) Java
2 3,519 (58.01%) Agile Software Development
3 3,065 (50.53%) Spring
4 2,162 (35.64%) TDD
5 2,091 (34.47%) Java 8
6 1,883 (31.04%) Microservices
7 1,560 (25.72%) Spring Boot
8 1,249 (20.59%) REST
9 1,243 (20.49%) JavaScript
10 1,236 (20.38%) Hibernate
11 1,197 (19.73%) Git (software)
12 1,189 (19.60%) Finance
13 1,176 (19.39%) Docker
14 1,149 (18.94%) Maven
15 1,138 (18.76%) Jenkins
16 1,108 (18.27%) Amazon AWS
17 1,068 (17.61%) RESTful
18 1,046 (17.24%) BDD
19 1,015 (16.73%) SQL
20 996 (16.42%) Web Services
21 952 (15.69%) Continuous Integration
22 925 (15.25%) Banking
23 912 (15.03%) Scrum
24 885 (14.59%) DevOps
25 866 (14.28%) Oracle
26 847 (13.96%) HTML
27 835 (13.77%) AngularJS
28 806 (13.29%) JUnit
29 804 (13.25%) NoSQL
30 763 (12.58%) OO

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 482 (7.95%) Tomcat
2 369 (6.08%) WebSphere
3 329 (5.42%) WebLogic
4 275 (4.53%) Confluence
5 266 (4.39%) Elasticsearch
6 262 (4.32%) Apache
7 244 (4.02%) JBoss
8 183 (3.02%) Apache Spark
9 173 (2.85%) OpenStack
10 122 (2.01%) Mule
11 103 (1.70%) Jetty
12 93 (1.53%) WildFly
13 74 (1.22%) MQSeries
13 74 (1.22%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 61 (1.01%) CMS
15 54 (0.89%) Apache Solr
16 45 (0.74%) Cloud Foundry
16 45 (0.74%) Oracle Service Bus
17 38 (0.63%) nginx
18 32 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (0.21%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
3 9 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.13%) MS Visio
5 6 (0.099%) Chatbot
6 3 (0.049%) GIMP
6 3 (0.049%) Photoshop
7 2 (0.033%) EngageOne
7 2 (0.033%) Microsoft Office
8 1 (0.016%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 31 (0.51%) ION MarketView
2 18 (0.30%) Oracle BPM
3 8 (0.13%) Oracle EBS R12
4 7 (0.12%) AquaLogic BPM
5 5 (0.082%) Endur
6 4 (0.066%) Global One
6 4 (0.066%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.049%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.033%) Distributed Ledger
8 2 (0.033%) R3 Corda
9 1 (0.016%) Actimize
9 1 (0.016%) BusinessWorks
9 1 (0.016%) Dynamics CRM
9 1 (0.016%) LatentZero
9 1 (0.016%) Maximo
9 1 (0.016%) Oracle Applications
9 1 (0.016%) Oracle EBS
9 1 (0.016%) Oracle General Ledger
9 1 (0.016%) SunGard Martini
9 1 (0.016%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 1,108 (18.27%) Amazon AWS
2 418 (6.89%) Microsoft Azure
3 198 (3.26%) GitHub
4 110 (1.81%) Google Cloud Platform
5 83 (1.37%) Amazon EC2
6 59 (0.97%) PaaS
7 56 (0.92%) Serverless
8 45 (0.74%) Amazon S3
9 43 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
10 41 (0.68%) Apigee
11 35 (0.58%) npm
12 33 (0.54%) OpenShift
13 30 (0.49%) Heroku
14 28 (0.46%) Cloud Computing
15 26 (0.43%) Amazon SQS
15 26 (0.43%) IaaS
15 26 (0.43%) SaaS
16 21 (0.35%) AWS CloudFormation
17 19 (0.31%) Google Analytics
18 14 (0.23%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 166 (2.74%) HTTP
2 76 (1.25%) TCP/IP
3 72 (1.19%) SSL
4 39 (0.64%) Kerberos
5 35 (0.58%) FTP
6 26 (0.43%) Internet
7 25 (0.41%) DNS
8 22 (0.36%) AMQP
9 14 (0.23%) Firewall
10 12 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
10 12 (0.20%) SNMP
11 11 (0.18%) HTTPS
11 11 (0.18%) SMS
12 10 (0.16%) Skype
13 9 (0.15%) DSL
13 9 (0.15%) Software-Defined Networking
14 7 (0.12%) SMPP
15 6 (0.099%) Cisco Nexus
15 6 (0.099%) SSH
16 5 (0.082%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 804 (13.25%) NoSQL
2 557 (9.18%) MongoDB
3 545 (8.98%) PostgreSQL
4 541 (8.92%) Relational Database
5 441 (7.27%) MySQL
6 304 (5.01%) Hadoop
7 291 (4.80%) Big Data
8 270 (4.45%) SQL Server
9 260 (4.29%) Apache Cassandra
10 241 (3.97%) RDBMS
11 129 (2.13%) Redis
12 120 (1.98%) HBase
13 116 (1.91%) Oracle Database
14 86 (1.42%) DB2
15 84 (1.38%) Couchbase
16 69 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 39 (0.64%) Neo4j
18 37 (0.61%) Riak
19 34 (0.56%) Oracle Database 11g
20 31 (0.51%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 1,197 (19.73%) Git (software)
2 1,149 (18.94%) Maven
3 1,138 (18.76%) Jenkins
4 806 (13.29%) JUnit
5 504 (8.31%) JIRA
6 362 (5.97%) Cucumber
7 350 (5.77%) Mockito
8 305 (5.03%) Gradle
9 258 (4.25%) Subversion
10 229 (3.78%) Eclipse
11 219 (3.61%) Selenium
12 190 (3.13%) SonarQube
13 169 (2.79%) NUnit
14 167 (2.75%) MSTest
15 152 (2.51%) IntelliJ
16 122 (2.01%) TeamCity
17 121 (1.99%) GitLab
18 118 (1.95%) Bitbucket
19 110 (1.81%) Ant
20 103 (1.70%) jMock
General
1 1,189 (19.60%) Finance
2 925 (15.25%) Banking
3 513 (8.46%) Front Office
4 316 (5.21%) Investment Banking
5 133 (2.19%) Retail
6 113 (1.86%) Games
7 103 (1.70%) Telecoms
8 62 (1.02%) Marketing
9 50 (0.82%) Financial Institution
10 44 (0.73%) Advertising
11 41 (0.68%) Back Office
12 37 (0.61%) Manufacturing
13 36 (0.59%) Electronics
14 23 (0.38%) Publishing
15 21 (0.35%) Law
16 19 (0.31%) Automotive
17 13 (0.21%) Aerospace
17 13 (0.21%) Billing
17 13 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
18 11 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,065 (50.53%) Spring
2 1,560 (25.72%) Spring Boot
3 1,249 (20.59%) REST
4 1,236 (20.38%) Hibernate
5 1,068 (17.61%) RESTful
6 996 (16.42%) Web Services
7 847 (13.96%) HTML
8 835 (13.77%) AngularJS
9 650 (10.72%) CSS
10 615 (10.14%) Kafka
11 612 (10.09%) J2EE
12 494 (8.14%) SOAP
13 493 (8.13%) JSON
14 491 (8.09%) JMS
15 442 (7.29%) XML
16 435 (7.17%) React
17 419 (6.91%) Node.js
18 398 (6.56%) HTML5
19 380 (6.26%) Java EE
20 348 (5.74%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 702 (11.57%) Greenfield Project
2 237 (3.91%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 221 (3.64%) Fintech
4 185 (3.05%) Derivative
5 180 (2.97%) Equities
6 179 (2.95%) Fixed Income
7 143 (2.36%) Analytical Skills
8 131 (2.16%) Algorithms
9 113 (1.86%) Enterprise Software
10 112 (1.85%) Data Structures
11 108 (1.78%) User Experience
12 86 (1.42%) Mobile App
13 85 (1.40%) Linux Command Line
14 72 (1.19%) Equity Derivative
15 63 (1.04%) Cloud Native
16 57 (0.94%) Self-Motivation
17 36 (0.59%) Virtual Team
18 35 (0.58%) Hedge funds
19 33 (0.54%) Reference Data
20 29 (0.48%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 662 (10.91%) Linux
2 504 (8.31%) Unix
3 113 (1.86%) Windows
4 84 (1.38%) VMS
5 76 (1.25%) Android
6 52 (0.86%) Apple iOS
7 34 (0.56%) Mac OS X
8 23 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 20 (0.33%) Ubuntu
10 18 (0.30%) Solaris
11 12 (0.20%) CentOS
12 2 (0.033%) Windows Server
13 1 (0.016%) AIX
13 1 (0.016%) Embedded Linux
13 1 (0.016%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.016%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,519 (58.01%) Agile Software Development
2 2,162 (35.64%) TDD
3 1,883 (31.04%) Microservices
4 1,046 (17.24%) BDD
5 952 (15.69%) Continuous Integration
6 912 (15.03%) Scrum
7 885 (14.59%) DevOps
8 763 (12.58%) OO
9 736 (12.13%) Test Automation
10 604 (9.96%) Multithreading
11 502 (8.28%) Software Engineering
12 436 (7.19%) MVC
13 385 (6.35%) Open Source
14 369 (6.08%) Kanban
15 330 (5.44%) Pair Programming
16 320 (5.28%) Low Latency
17 305 (5.03%) Unit Testing
18 304 (5.01%) SDLC
19 301 (4.96%) Problem-Solving
20 299 (4.93%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 6,065 (99.98%) Java
2 2,091 (34.47%) Java 8
3 1,243 (20.49%) JavaScript
4 1,015 (16.73%) SQL
5 365 (6.02%) Scala
6 328 (5.41%) Python
7 189 (3.12%) C#
8 166 (2.74%) Groovy
9 161 (2.65%) PL/SQL
10 122 (2.01%) C++
11 112 (1.85%) Kotlin
12 106 (1.75%) Java 9
13 98 (1.62%) Shell Script
13 98 (1.62%) TypeScript
14 80 (1.32%) Ruby
15 76 (1.25%) ES6
16 70 (1.15%) Perl
17 68 (1.12%) JPQL
18 67 (1.10%) Bash Shell
19 60 (0.99%) C
Qualifications
1 474 (7.81%) Security Cleared
2 376 (6.20%) SC Cleared
3 281 (4.63%) Degree
4 128 (2.11%) Computer Science Degree
5 51 (0.84%) BPSS Clearance
6 42 (0.69%) DV Cleared
7 20 (0.33%) AWS Certification
8 18 (0.30%) Master's Degree
9 12 (0.20%) DBS Check
10 10 (0.16%) Sun Certification
11 9 (0.15%) CTC Cleared
12 7 (0.12%) ISEB
12 7 (0.12%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.082%) BC Cleared
13 5 (0.082%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.066%) Numerate Degree
15 3 (0.049%) CFA
15 3 (0.049%) HND
16 1 (0.016%) MOS
16 1 (0.016%) Oracle Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (2.14%) QA
2 23 (0.38%) Disclosure Scotland
3 14 (0.23%) GDPR
3 14 (0.23%) PMO
4 9 (0.15%) ISO 20022
5 5 (0.082%) EMIR
6 4 (0.066%) HL7
6 4 (0.066%) MiFID
6 4 (0.066%) SLA
7 3 (0.049%) Dodd-Frank
8 2 (0.033%) PSD2
9 1 (0.016%) ECSS
9 1 (0.016%) IFRS
9 1 (0.016%) IFRS 9
9 1 (0.016%) MIL-STD-1553
9 1 (0.016%) WCAG
System Software
1 1,176 (19.39%) Docker
2 73 (1.20%) HDFS
3 56 (0.92%) vSphere
4 53 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
5 51 (0.84%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 11 (0.18%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
8 7 (0.12%) Firmware
9 5 (0.082%) Active Directory
9 5 (0.082%) OpenAM
10 3 (0.049%) KVM
11 1 (0.016%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.016%) OpenIDM
11 1 (0.016%) Shibboleth
11 1 (0.016%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 437 (7.20%) Kubernetes
2 415 (6.84%) Ansible
3 317 (5.23%) Puppet
4 313 (5.16%) Opscode Chef
5 174 (2.87%) Terraform
6 71 (1.17%) Cobbler
7 59 (0.97%) Hadoop YARN
7 59 (0.97%) Kibana
8 40 (0.66%) logstash
9 38 (0.63%) Docker Swarm
10 37 (0.61%) Mesos
11 31 (0.51%) Grafana
12 29 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
13 26 (0.43%) Marathon
14 21 (0.35%) Rancher
15 20 (0.33%) Prometheus
16 13 (0.21%) CA Single Sign-On
16 13 (0.21%) Consul
17 12 (0.20%) Amdocs OSS
18 10 (0.16%) linkerd
Vendors
1 866 (14.28%) Oracle
2 164 (2.70%) Google
3 102 (1.68%) Sybase
4 101 (1.67%) IBM
5 88 (1.45%) MuleSoft
6 87 (1.43%) Microsoft
7 71 (1.17%) TIBCO
8 58 (0.96%) VMware
9 57 (0.94%) WSO2
10 55 (0.91%) Atlassian
11 49 (0.81%) SAP
12 43 (0.71%) Adobe
13 41 (0.68%) ION Trading
14 36 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
14 36 (0.59%) webMethods
15 30 (0.49%) Splunk
16 25 (0.41%) Red Hat
17 19 (0.31%) Reuters
18 18 (0.30%) AppDynamics
18 18 (0.30%) FXall