Period
to 29 November 2021

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £575 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
29 Nov 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 60 50 65
Rank change year-on-year -10 +15 -29
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 3,263 1,540 2,857
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 3.69% 4.27% 3.49%
As % of the Job Titles category 3.95% 4.62% 3.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,495 1,215 2,164
10th Percentile £425 £375 £400
25th Percentile £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £575 £550 £525
Median % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
75th Percentile £688 £688 £625
90th Percentile £775 £750 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £493 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +9.56% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 18 1 7
10th Percentile £55.55 " £38.95
25th Percentile £57.00 " £43.13
Median hourly rate £65.50 £42.00 £50.00
Median % change year-on-year +55.95% -16.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £71.50 " £55.67
90th Percentile £73.55 " £66.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £65.50 - £45.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 82,682 33,365 76,938
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.43% 92.44% 94.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,909 22,635 51,416
10th Percentile £300 £256 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £460
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +3.26% +2.22%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £563
90th Percentile £700 £650 £648
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,158 1,200 2,742
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £14.00 £13.94
Median hourly rate £20.00 £22.50 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -11.11% +20.32% +6.86%
75th Percentile £45.97 £45.00 £42.00
90th Percentile £62.85 £57.50 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £19.61 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.74% +12.03% -

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 29 November 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 29 November 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -11 2,652 £600 +9.09% 716
London -16 1,919 £625 +0.81% 440
Work from Home -16 835 £560 +12.46% 201
UK excluding London +7 819 £493 +9.56% 333
North of England +6 218 £511 +13.61% 116
Scotland +28 207 £450 +9.09% 43
North West +8 128 £500 +11.11% 71
South East -37 104 £500 +15.94% 47
South West -24 98 £500 +5.26% 31
Midlands -32 78 £466 +12.89% 48
West Midlands -10 72 £495 +15.65% 39
East of England -25 70 £545 +9.55% 26
Yorkshire -24 63 £500 +11.11% 33
Northern Ireland +3 35 £475 +10.21% 13
North East -1 29 £563 +11.11% 12
Wales -30 12 £469 +10.29% 9
East Midlands -42 4 £413 +30.95% 8

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 29 November 2021, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 3,263 (100.00%) Java
2 1,611 (49.37%) Spring
3 1,597 (48.94%) Agile Software Development
4 1,328 (40.70%) Microservices
5 1,110 (34.02%) Spring Boot
6 867 (26.57%) TDD
7 817 (25.04%) Finance
8 789 (24.18%) Java 8
9 694 (21.27%) Docker
10 691 (21.18%) AWS
11 685 (20.99%) Banking
12 684 (20.96%) Jenkins
13 654 (20.04%) SQL
14 631 (19.34%) Git (software)
15 602 (18.45%) Kubernetes
16 510 (15.63%) Maven
17 489 (14.99%) Oracle
18 483 (14.80%) REST
19 482 (14.77%) JavaScript
20 475 (14.56%) Social Skills
21 461 (14.13%) Software Engineering
21 461 (14.13%) BDD
22 460 (14.10%) RESTful
23 444 (13.61%) Multithreading
24 443 (13.58%) Linux
24 443 (13.58%) DevOps
25 440 (13.48%) Scrum
26 406 (12.44%) Front Office
27 404 (12.38%) Test Automation
28 398 (12.20%) Investment Banking

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 141 (4.32%) Confluence
2 80 (2.45%) JBoss
3 79 (2.42%) Tomcat
4 76 (2.33%) Apache
4 76 (2.33%) Apache Spark
5 72 (2.21%) WebLogic
6 68 (2.08%) Mule
7 67 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
8 56 (1.72%) Red Hat Fuse
9 53 (1.62%) WebSphere
10 30 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
11 27 (0.83%) Oracle Workflow
12 20 (0.61%) Jetty
12 20 (0.61%) Oracle Coherence
13 13 (0.40%) Camunda
13 13 (0.40%) CMS
13 13 (0.40%) OpenStack
14 11 (0.34%) GemFire
14 11 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.25%) SharePoint
Applications
1 19 (0.58%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.031%) Figma
2 1 (0.031%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 36 (1.10%) ION MarketView
2 6 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
2 6 (0.18%) TIBCO iProcess
3 5 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
4 4 (0.12%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.061%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.061%) Dynamics CRM
5 2 (0.061%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
5 2 (0.061%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.031%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 1 (0.031%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 691 (21.18%) AWS
2 367 (11.25%) Azure
3 219 (6.71%) GCP
4 131 (4.01%) Serverless
5 99 (3.03%) OpenShift
6 97 (2.97%) AWS Lambda
7 85 (2.60%) GitHub
8 77 (2.36%) Amazon SQS
9 71 (2.18%) Amazon S3
10 51 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
10 51 (1.56%) Amazon ECS
11 44 (1.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 39 (1.20%) Apigee
13 28 (0.86%) Amazon EKS
14 27 (0.83%) SaaS
15 25 (0.77%) AWS CloudFormation
16 23 (0.70%) AWS Step Functions
16 23 (0.70%) IaaS
17 19 (0.58%) Route 53
18 18 (0.55%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.02%) HTTP
2 23 (0.70%) FIX Connectivity
3 22 (0.67%) TCP/IP
4 21 (0.64%) SSL
5 15 (0.46%) MQTT
6 8 (0.25%) Internet
7 6 (0.18%) AMQP
8 5 (0.15%) Firewall
9 4 (0.12%) DSL
9 4 (0.12%) SSH
10 3 (0.092%) FTP
10 3 (0.092%) LAN
11 2 (0.061%) Kerberos
11 2 (0.061%) RTP
11 2 (0.061%) VPN
12 1 (0.031%) BGP
12 1 (0.031%) DNS
12 1 (0.031%) Intranet
12 1 (0.031%) Multicast
12 1 (0.031%) Radio Access Network
Database & Business Intelligence
1 297 (9.10%) NoSQL
2 290 (8.89%) MongoDB
3 265 (8.12%) Relational Database
4 206 (6.31%) MySQL
5 198 (6.07%) PostgreSQL
6 160 (4.90%) SQL Server
7 104 (3.19%) Redis
8 98 (3.00%) Oracle Database
9 95 (2.91%) Big Data
10 77 (2.36%) RDBMS
11 66 (2.02%) Hazelcast
12 65 (1.99%) Apache Cassandra
13 54 (1.65%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 45 (1.38%) DB2
15 41 (1.26%) BusinessObjects
16 32 (0.98%) Hadoop
17 25 (0.77%) Amazon Aurora
17 25 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
17 25 (0.77%) Apache Ignite
18 18 (0.55%) HBase
Development Applications
1 684 (20.96%) Jenkins
2 631 (19.34%) Git (software)
3 510 (15.63%) Maven
4 295 (9.04%) JUnit
5 236 (7.23%) JIRA
6 170 (5.21%) Mockito
7 140 (4.29%) Gradle
8 135 (4.14%) Cucumber
9 110 (3.37%) GitLab
10 87 (2.67%) Bitbucket
11 69 (2.11%) TeamCity
12 63 (1.93%) Selenium
13 62 (1.90%) SonarQube
13 62 (1.90%) Subversion
14 61 (1.87%) IntelliJ
15 42 (1.29%) JMeter
16 41 (1.26%) Atlassian Bamboo
17 39 (1.20%) Eclipse
18 37 (1.13%) Artifactory
19 35 (1.07%) CircleCI
General
1 817 (25.04%) Finance
2 685 (20.99%) Banking
3 475 (14.56%) Social Skills
4 406 (12.44%) Front Office
5 398 (12.20%) Investment Banking
6 174 (5.33%) Public Sector
7 161 (4.93%) Analytical Skills
8 70 (2.15%) Retail
9 55 (1.69%) Manufacturing
10 44 (1.35%) Telecoms
11 36 (1.10%) Electronics
12 35 (1.07%) Financial Institution
13 30 (0.92%) Marketing
14 23 (0.70%) Games
15 18 (0.55%) Documentation Skills
16 17 (0.52%) Back Office
17 16 (0.49%) Law
18 14 (0.43%) Inclusion and Diversity
19 12 (0.37%) Retail Banking
20 9 (0.28%) Publishing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,611 (49.37%) Spring
2 1,110 (34.02%) Spring Boot
3 483 (14.80%) REST
4 460 (14.10%) RESTful
5 391 (11.98%) Kafka
6 348 (10.67%) React
7 335 (10.27%) Web Services
8 302 (9.26%) Hibernate
9 298 (9.13%) AngularJS
10 248 (7.60%) Node.js
11 221 (6.77%) JSON
12 213 (6.53%) HTML
13 204 (6.25%) Apache Camel
14 203 (6.22%) J2EE
15 188 (5.76%) CSS
16 157 (4.81%) Middleware
17 155 (4.75%) XML
18 131 (4.01%) JPA
19 120 (3.68%) SOAP
20 114 (3.49%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 250 (7.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 205 (6.28%) Fixed Income
3 179 (5.49%) Derivative
4 174 (5.33%) Data Structures
5 151 (4.63%) Algorithms
6 141 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
7 127 (3.89%) Data Protection Act
8 99 (3.03%) Equities
9 71 (2.18%) Enterprise Software
10 69 (2.11%) User Experience
11 46 (1.41%) Hedge funds
12 40 (1.23%) Hybrid Cloud
13 39 (1.20%) Legacy Systems
14 38 (1.16%) Virtual Team
15 33 (1.01%) Cloud Native
16 32 (0.98%) Public Cloud
17 26 (0.80%) Client/Server
18 21 (0.64%) Credit Risk
18 21 (0.64%) Management Information System
19 20 (0.61%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 443 (13.58%) Linux
2 303 (9.29%) Unix
3 63 (1.93%) Windows
4 40 (1.23%) Mac OS X
5 19 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 13 (0.40%) Mac OS
7 12 (0.37%) Android
8 7 (0.21%) Apple iOS
8 7 (0.21%) Mesosphere
9 6 (0.18%) Debian
9 6 (0.18%) VMS
10 4 (0.12%) CentOS
10 4 (0.12%) Solaris
11 3 (0.092%) Ubuntu
11 3 (0.092%) Windows Server
12 1 (0.031%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,597 (48.94%) Agile Software Development
2 1,328 (40.70%) Microservices
3 867 (26.57%) TDD
4 461 (14.13%) BDD
4 461 (14.13%) Software Engineering
5 444 (13.61%) Multithreading
6 443 (13.58%) DevOps
7 440 (13.48%) Scrum
8 404 (12.38%) Test Automation
9 387 (11.86%) Full Stack Development
10 283 (8.67%) Low Latency
11 254 (7.78%) Continuous Integration
12 252 (7.72%) Problem-Solving
13 249 (7.63%) OO
14 243 (7.45%) Pair Programming
15 214 (6.56%) Electronic Trading
15 214 (6.56%) SDLC
16 163 (5.00%) Unit Testing
17 150 (4.60%) Event-Driven
18 148 (4.54%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 3,263 (100.00%) Java
2 789 (24.18%) Java 8
3 654 (20.04%) SQL
4 482 (14.77%) JavaScript
5 389 (11.92%) Java 11
6 277 (8.49%) Python
7 154 (4.72%) C++
8 134 (4.11%) TypeScript
9 126 (3.86%) Scala
10 120 (3.68%) Shell Script
11 119 (3.65%) PL/SQL
12 80 (2.45%) C#
13 69 (2.11%) Kotlin
14 55 (1.69%) C
15 37 (1.13%) Bash Shell
16 34 (1.04%) Ruby
17 32 (0.98%) Java 9
18 31 (0.95%) Go
19 27 (0.83%) Groovy
20 26 (0.80%) Perl
Qualifications
1 251 (7.69%) Security Cleared
2 206 (6.31%) SC Cleared
3 144 (4.41%) Degree
4 57 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
5 39 (1.20%) Sun Certification
6 37 (1.13%) BPSS Clearance
7 33 (1.01%) OCPJP
8 23 (0.70%) DV Cleared
9 18 (0.55%) Master's Degree
10 12 (0.37%) PhD
11 5 (0.15%) DBS Check
11 5 (0.15%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 5 (0.15%) Numerate Degree
12 3 (0.092%) AWS Certification
13 1 (0.031%) CFA
13 1 (0.031%) CTC Cleared
13 1 (0.031%) Novell Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 84 (2.57%) QA
2 41 (1.26%) Accessibility
3 16 (0.49%) Data Quality
4 14 (0.43%) PMO
5 4 (0.12%) GDPR
6 3 (0.092%) EMIR
6 3 (0.092%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.092%) MiFID
6 3 (0.092%) WCAG
7 1 (0.031%) Basel II
7 1 (0.031%) DICOM
7 1 (0.031%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.031%) Dodd-Frank
7 1 (0.031%) ISO 15022
7 1 (0.031%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.031%) PSD2
7 1 (0.031%) SLA
System Software
1 694 (21.27%) Docker
2 8 (0.25%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.21%) HDFS
4 5 (0.15%) Postfix
4 5 (0.15%) Virtual Machines
4 5 (0.15%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (0.12%) Platform Symphony
6 3 (0.092%) Varnish
6 3 (0.092%) vSphere
7 2 (0.061%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 602 (18.45%) Kubernetes
2 145 (4.44%) Ansible
3 112 (3.43%) Terraform
4 77 (2.36%) Grafana
5 46 (1.41%) Prometheus
6 41 (1.26%) Kibana
7 16 (0.49%) logstash
7 16 (0.49%) Puppet
8 13 (0.40%) Opscode Chef
9 11 (0.34%) Graphite
10 7 (0.21%) Istio
11 6 (0.18%) Oozie
12 5 (0.15%) Docker Swarm
13 4 (0.12%) ITRS Geneos
14 3 (0.092%) Consul
14 3 (0.092%) Hadoop YARN
14 3 (0.092%) Kiali
14 3 (0.092%) Red Hat Satellite
15 2 (0.061%) Galera Cluster
15 2 (0.061%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 489 (14.99%) Oracle
2 111 (3.40%) ION Trading
3 64 (1.96%) Google
4 59 (1.81%) IBM
5 50 (1.53%) WSO2
6 49 (1.50%) TIBCO
7 47 (1.44%) Sybase
8 46 (1.41%) webMethods
9 42 (1.29%) Informatica
10 41 (1.26%) Red Hat
11 40 (1.23%) BEA
12 36 (1.10%) SAP
13 34 (1.04%) Splunk
13 34 (1.04%) Sun
14 32 (0.98%) Microsoft
15 26 (0.80%) CA
16 24 (0.74%) Solace
17 23 (0.70%) Atlassian
18 19 (0.58%) MuleSoft
19 18 (0.55%) Bloomberg