Period
to 27 October 2020

The median contractor rate for a Java Developer was £536 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java Developer
UK
6 months to
27 Oct 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 46 61 36
Rank change year-on-year +15 -25 -3
Contract jobs requiring a Java Developer 1,501 3,093 6,076
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 4.64% 3.67% 5.91%
As % of the Job Titles category 5.02% 3.90% 6.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,254 2,344 4,783
Median daily rate £536 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.14% +2.44% +2.50%
10th Percentile £375 £400 £381
90th Percentile £750 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £463 £450 £450
% change year-on-year +2.78% - +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 19 15 34
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% -5.56% +9.76%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £39.25 £45.00
% change year-on-year -10.83% -12.78% +11.11%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 29,886 79,357 97,348
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.32% 94.11% 94.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,834 52,099 64,113
Median daily rate £468 £463 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +2.78% +2.27%
10th Percentile £256 £260 £269
90th Percentile £656 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £418
% change year-on-year - +1.80% +4.38%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,206 2,856 3,105
Median hourly rate £27.50 £20.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +37.50% +11.11% -3.73%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.07
90th Percentile £54.00 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £22.00 £18.17 £17.50
% change year-on-year +21.11% +3.80% -

Java Developer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Java Developer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Daily rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java Developer.

Hourly rate trend for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java Developer over the 6 months to 27 October 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java Developer in the UK

Java Developer
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java Developer within the UK over the 6 months to 27 October 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +15 1,347 £550 +1.85% 458
London +17 993 £600 +4.35% 242
UK excluding London +8 403 £463 +2.78% 259
Work from Home +23 249 £475 -8.43% 106
North of England +15 139 £500 +11.11% 69
Yorkshire +20 67 £523 +12.67% 19
South West +30 66 £513 +13.89% 22
North West +8 52 £500 +14.29% 31
East of England +59 49 £500 +6.67% 17
South East +13 46 £450 -5.21% 70
Scotland -17 44 £425 -5.56% 32
Northern Ireland -1 26 £431 +0.23% 7
Midlands -2 26 £413 -10.81% 37
North East +38 20 £450 -4.76% 19
West Midlands -5 14 £428 -7.96% 24
East Midlands +19 12 £315 -33.68% 13
Wales +24 7 £350 -15.66% 5

Java Developer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 27 October 2020, Java Developer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Java Developer in the job title.

1 1,499 (99.87%) Java
2 755 (50.30%) Agile Software Development
3 587 (39.11%) Spring
4 571 (38.04%) Microservices
5 467 (31.11%) Finance
6 446 (29.71%) AWS
7 419 (27.91%) Banking
8 401 (26.72%) Java 8
9 392 (26.12%) TDD
10 386 (25.72%) Docker
11 340 (22.65%) Kubernetes
12 313 (20.85%) Spring Boot
13 299 (19.92%) Front Office
14 294 (19.59%) SQL
15 273 (18.19%) Web Services
16 261 (17.39%) Azure
17 250 (16.66%) Jenkins
18 240 (15.99%) BDD
19 225 (14.99%) Git (software)
20 224 (14.92%) Linux
21 221 (14.72%) Investment Banking
22 215 (14.32%) Fixed Income
23 214 (14.26%) DevOps
24 212 (14.12%) Multithreading
25 207 (13.79%) Software Engineering
25 207 (13.79%) Oracle
26 204 (13.59%) Maven
27 201 (13.39%) REST
28 197 (13.12%) JavaScript
29 190 (12.66%) Test Automation

Java Developer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 82 (5.46%) Apache
2 66 (4.40%) Mule
3 58 (3.86%) Confluence
4 57 (3.80%) Red Hat Fuse
5 44 (2.93%) Elasticsearch
6 43 (2.86%) WebLogic
7 38 (2.53%) Apache Spark
8 33 (2.20%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 32 (2.13%) JBoss
10 29 (1.93%) Oracle Service Bus
11 24 (1.60%) Tomcat
12 23 (1.53%) WebSphere
13 10 (0.67%) AquaLogic
14 7 (0.47%) Apache ServiceMix
14 7 (0.47%) BizTalk Server
14 7 (0.47%) Cloud Foundry
15 6 (0.40%) CMS
16 5 (0.33%) CICS
16 5 (0.33%) Oracle Workflow
17 4 (0.27%) Anypoint
Applications
1 4 (0.27%) Microsoft Excel
1 4 (0.27%) MS Visio
2 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.067%) LaTeX
3 1 (0.067%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 25 (1.67%) ION MarketView
2 11 (0.73%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.27%) RMDS
4 2 (0.13%) Dynamics CRM
4 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.067%) Markit EDM
5 1 (0.067%) SAP Hybris
5 1 (0.067%) SunGard Martini
5 1 (0.067%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 446 (29.71%) AWS
2 261 (17.39%) Azure
3 127 (8.46%) GCP
4 84 (5.60%) Serverless
5 78 (5.20%) AWS Lambda
6 77 (5.13%) Amazon ECS
7 59 (3.93%) Apigee
8 48 (3.20%) Amazon EC2
9 43 (2.86%) OpenShift
10 41 (2.73%) Amazon S3
11 31 (2.07%) Amazon SQS
12 25 (1.67%) GitHub
13 24 (1.60%) AWS CloudFormation
14 11 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
15 10 (0.67%) AWS Fargate
16 9 (0.60%) Amazon Kinesis
16 9 (0.60%) Boomi
17 8 (0.53%) Amazon ElastiCache
17 8 (0.53%) SaaS
18 6 (0.40%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.00%) HTTP
2 13 (0.87%) SSL
3 12 (0.80%) HTTPS
4 9 (0.60%) Internet
5 6 (0.40%) FIX Connectivity
5 6 (0.40%) FTP
6 4 (0.27%) Skype
7 2 (0.13%) SMS
7 2 (0.13%) SSH
7 2 (0.13%) TCP/IP
7 2 (0.13%) WebEx
8 1 (0.067%) AMQP
8 1 (0.067%) DAB
8 1 (0.067%) DNS
8 1 (0.067%) Ethernet
8 1 (0.067%) Firewall
8 1 (0.067%) Tactical Data Link
Database & Business Intelligence
1 161 (10.73%) MongoDB
2 143 (9.53%) MySQL
3 136 (9.06%) SQL Server
4 117 (7.79%) Relational Database
5 116 (7.73%) PostgreSQL
6 106 (7.06%) NoSQL
7 62 (4.13%) Amazon Redshift
8 45 (3.00%) RDBMS
9 36 (2.40%) Apache Cassandra
10 34 (2.27%) Hazelcast
11 33 (2.20%) Amazon RDS
12 31 (2.07%) Hadoop
13 30 (2.00%) Oracle Database
14 21 (1.40%) Amazon Aurora
15 18 (1.20%) Big Data
16 17 (1.13%) DB2
17 14 (0.93%) Redis
18 13 (0.87%) Oracle Database 11g
19 12 (0.80%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 11 (0.73%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 250 (16.66%) Jenkins
2 225 (14.99%) Git (software)
3 204 (13.59%) Maven
4 110 (7.33%) JUnit
5 93 (6.20%) Mockito
6 83 (5.53%) JIRA
7 79 (5.26%) GitLab
8 73 (4.86%) Artifactory
9 67 (4.46%) Cucumber
10 62 (4.13%) Gradle
11 38 (2.53%) Subversion
12 32 (2.13%) SonarQube
13 30 (2.00%) Selenium
14 23 (1.53%) Eclipse
15 19 (1.27%) RStudio
16 18 (1.20%) jMock
16 18 (1.20%) TeamCity
17 17 (1.13%) IntelliJ
18 14 (0.93%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 14 (0.93%) WebDriver
General
1 467 (31.11%) Finance
2 419 (27.91%) Banking
3 299 (19.92%) Front Office
4 221 (14.72%) Investment Banking
5 146 (9.73%) Public Sector
6 45 (3.00%) Manufacturing
7 44 (2.93%) Marketing
7 44 (2.93%) Telecoms
8 43 (2.86%) Electronics
9 27 (1.80%) Financial Institution
10 13 (0.87%) Retail
11 10 (0.67%) Advertising
12 9 (0.60%) Back Office
13 6 (0.40%) Games
13 6 (0.40%) Retail Banking
14 4 (0.27%) Corporate Banking
14 4 (0.27%) French Language
14 4 (0.27%) Law
15 2 (0.13%) Prime Brokerage
16 1 (0.067%) Police
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 587 (39.11%) Spring
2 313 (20.85%) Spring Boot
3 273 (18.19%) Web Services
4 201 (13.39%) REST
5 157 (10.46%) AngularJS
6 153 (10.19%) Kafka
7 145 (9.66%) RESTful
8 124 (8.26%) HTML
9 120 (7.99%) J2EE
10 111 (7.40%) Middleware
11 110 (7.33%) Apache Camel
12 97 (6.46%) XML
13 96 (6.40%) SOAP
14 94 (6.26%) Hibernate
14 94 (6.26%) JSON
15 92 (6.13%) React
16 80 (5.33%) CSS
17 73 (4.86%) ActiveMQ
18 66 (4.40%) JAX-RS
18 66 (4.40%) Swagger
Miscellaneous
1 215 (14.32%) Fixed Income
2 144 (9.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 108 (7.20%) Derivative
4 106 (7.06%) Equities
5 102 (6.80%) Greenfield Project
6 81 (5.40%) Hedge funds
7 60 (4.00%) Analytical Skills
8 44 (2.93%) Data Structures
9 38 (2.53%) Enterprise Software
10 33 (2.20%) Algorithms
11 20 (1.33%) Mobile App
12 19 (1.27%) Public Cloud
13 15 (1.00%) Equity Derivative
14 14 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
14 14 (0.93%) Pricing Data
14 14 (0.93%) Virtual Team
15 13 (0.87%) Clustering
16 10 (0.67%) Market Risk
17 9 (0.60%) Credit Risk
18 8 (0.53%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 224 (14.92%) Linux
2 141 (9.39%) Unix
3 66 (4.40%) Mac OS X
4 16 (1.07%) Windows
5 15 (1.00%) Android
6 10 (0.67%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 4 (0.27%) zOS
8 3 (0.20%) Solaris
9 2 (0.13%) Windows Server
9 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2016
10 1 (0.067%) AIX
10 1 (0.067%) Mac OS
10 1 (0.067%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.067%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.067%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 755 (50.30%) Agile Software Development
2 571 (38.04%) Microservices
3 392 (26.12%) TDD
4 240 (15.99%) BDD
5 214 (14.26%) DevOps
6 212 (14.12%) Multithreading
7 207 (13.79%) Software Engineering
8 190 (12.66%) Test Automation
9 170 (11.33%) Scrum
10 150 (9.99%) Electronic Trading
11 132 (8.79%) Low Latency
12 129 (8.59%) Problem-Solving
13 123 (8.19%) Asset Management
14 119 (7.93%) Pair Programming
15 118 (7.86%) Continuous Integration
15 118 (7.86%) OO
16 91 (6.06%) SDLC
17 87 (5.80%) Web Development
18 85 (5.66%) Continuous Deployment
19 81 (5.40%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 1,499 (99.87%) Java
2 401 (26.72%) Java 8
3 294 (19.59%) SQL
4 197 (13.12%) JavaScript
5 188 (12.52%) Python
6 92 (6.13%) Scala
7 68 (4.53%) Kotlin
8 58 (3.86%) C++
9 46 (3.06%) Shell Script
10 41 (2.73%) C#
11 35 (2.33%) PL/SQL
11 35 (2.33%) TypeScript
12 32 (2.13%) XPath
13 26 (1.73%) T-SQL
14 23 (1.53%) R
15 15 (1.00%) C
16 14 (0.93%) Perl
17 13 (0.87%) Groovy
18 10 (0.67%) Clojure
18 10 (0.67%) Go
Qualifications
1 161 (10.73%) Security Cleared
2 121 (8.06%) SC Cleared
3 65 (4.33%) Degree
4 25 (1.67%) BPSS Clearance
4 25 (1.67%) DV Cleared
5 24 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (1.07%) DBS Check
7 13 (0.87%) Numerate Degree
8 9 (0.60%) OCPJP
8 9 (0.60%) Sun Certification
9 8 (0.53%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.33%) AWS Certification
11 4 (0.27%) PhD
12 2 (0.13%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 20 (1.33%) QA
2 5 (0.33%) MiFID
3 3 (0.20%) Data Quality
3 3 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
3 3 (0.20%) PMO
4 2 (0.13%) GDPR
4 2 (0.13%) ISO 9001
4 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 1 (0.067%) Good Clinical Practice
5 1 (0.067%) IFRS
5 1 (0.067%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.067%) NCSC
System Software
1 386 (25.72%) Docker
2 5 (0.33%) Postfix
3 3 (0.20%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.13%) Active Directory
4 2 (0.13%) VMware Infrastructure
4 2 (0.13%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 340 (22.65%) Kubernetes
2 59 (3.93%) Terraform
3 30 (2.00%) Ansible
4 18 (1.20%) Prometheus
5 12 (0.80%) Kibana
6 11 (0.73%) Grafana
7 9 (0.60%) Zipkin
8 6 (0.40%) Puppet
9 5 (0.33%) logstash
9 5 (0.33%) Rundeck
10 4 (0.27%) HP Quality Center
10 4 (0.27%) Opscode Chef
11 3 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.13%) linkerd
12 2 (0.13%) NetIQ Identity Manager
12 2 (0.13%) Tivoli
13 1 (0.067%) Control-M
13 1 (0.067%) Docker Swarm
13 1 (0.067%) Knative
13 1 (0.067%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 207 (13.79%) Oracle
2 80 (5.33%) Google
3 52 (3.46%) SAP
4 42 (2.80%) ION Trading
5 40 (2.66%) Sybase
6 27 (1.80%) WSO2
7 26 (1.73%) BEA
7 26 (1.73%) Talend
8 25 (1.67%) MuleSoft
9 22 (1.47%) Atlassian
9 22 (1.47%) webMethods
10 21 (1.40%) TIBCO
11 15 (1.00%) IBM
12 13 (0.87%) Bloomberg
12 13 (0.87%) Microsoft
12 13 (0.87%) Red Hat
13 11 (0.73%) Salesforce.com
14 10 (0.67%) Confluent
14 10 (0.67%) Informatica
15 9 (0.60%) Splunk