Period
to 18 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
18 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 14,271 12,690 13,465
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.79% 13.36% 12.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.50% 32.13% 31.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,036 8,815 9,463
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £360 £331 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +3.53% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 109 140 163
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.66% +9.33% -6.25%
10th Percentile £15.40 £25.97 £12.25
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +13.33% -6.25%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,309 39,501 42,553
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.78% 41.57% 38.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,707 27,068 29,190
UK median daily rate £460 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.63% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £599
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 789 805 932
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +9.33% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.25 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.63 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -3.27% +12.00% +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 18 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 18 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,050 £500 +2.41% 3,445
London 0 7,711 £550 +4.76% 1,617
UK excluding London 0 6,356 £440 +3.53% 2,076
South East +2 1,833 £450 - 532
North of England -1 1,737 £425 - 579
Scotland 0 789 £425 +13.33% 169
North West -1 781 £425 -2.86% 324
Yorkshire 0 775 £438 +2.94% 208
Midlands +4 708 £425 - 218
East of England +1 585 £475 +5.56% 258
South West -5 457 £425 +6.25% 241
West Midlands -4 406 £450 - 128
East Midlands +7 299 £425 +1.19% 89
North East +3 184 £400 +14.29% 47
Northern Ireland +1 131 £460 +11.52% 33
Wales -6 125 £433 +6.79% 45
Channel Islands -6 4 - - 1

For the 6 months to 18 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,150 (50.10%) Agile Software Development
2 3,731 (26.14%) Spring
3 3,436 (24.08%) TDD
4 3,222 (22.58%) JavaScript
5 2,768 (19.40%) SQL
6 2,746 (19.24%) Jenkins
7 2,725 (19.09%) Finance
8 2,656 (18.61%) Test Automation
9 2,633 (18.45%) Microservices
10 2,619 (18.35%) DevOps
11 2,593 (18.17%) Git (software)
12 2,554 (17.90%) Amazon AWS
13 2,511 (17.60%) Linux
14 2,507 (17.57%) Scrum
15 2,409 (16.88%) Java 8
16 2,359 (16.53%) Python
17 2,265 (15.87%) Web Services
18 2,156 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
19 2,140 (15.00%) REST
20 2,004 (14.04%) Docker
21 1,937 (13.57%) BDD
22 1,907 (13.36%) Oracle
23 1,807 (12.66%) RESTful
24 1,798 (12.60%) HTML
25 1,780 (12.47%) Banking
26 1,723 (12.07%) Maven
27 1,595 (11.18%) OO
28 1,569 (10.99%) AngularJS
29 1,547 (10.84%) Spring Boot
30 1,488 (10.43%) Hibernate

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 821 (5.75%) Tomcat
2 786 (5.51%) Confluence
3 761 (5.33%) Apache
4 736 (5.16%) Apache Spark
5 605 (4.24%) WebSphere
6 496 (3.48%) Elasticsearch
7 487 (3.41%) JBoss
8 415 (2.91%) WebLogic
9 250 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 237 (1.66%) Cloud Foundry
11 190 (1.33%) Mule
12 173 (1.21%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 165 (1.16%) CMS
14 147 (1.03%) nginx
15 143 (1.00%) OpenStack
16 139 (0.97%) Apache Solr
17 113 (0.79%) Jetty
18 96 (0.67%) WildFly
19 91 (0.64%) WebSphere Application Server
20 89 (0.62%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 111 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 64 (0.45%) Photoshop
3 48 (0.34%) Microsoft Office
4 46 (0.32%) MS Visio
5 28 (0.20%) GIMP
6 21 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 15 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
7 15 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.084%) Microsoft Project
9 11 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
10 10 (0.070%) CATIA
10 10 (0.070%) Fireworks
11 9 (0.063%) HipChat
11 9 (0.063%) Stata
12 5 (0.035%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 5 (0.035%) OmniGraffle
13 3 (0.021%) InVision
13 3 (0.021%) SPSS
14 2 (0.014%) AutoCAD
14 2 (0.014%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 85 (0.60%) ION MarketView
2 38 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
3 31 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 28 (0.20%) Payment Gateway
5 26 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
6 24 (0.17%) Magento
7 21 (0.15%) Oracle EBS
8 18 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
9 15 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
9 15 (0.11%) Oracle ERP
10 14 (0.098%) Actimize
11 13 (0.091%) Maximo
12 12 (0.084%) Oracle EBS R12
13 11 (0.077%) Endur
13 11 (0.077%) R3 Corda
14 10 (0.070%) ENOVIA
14 10 (0.070%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
14 10 (0.070%) Remedy ITSM
14 10 (0.070%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 8 (0.056%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 2,554 (17.90%) Amazon AWS
2 933 (6.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 454 (3.18%) GitHub
4 297 (2.08%) Google Cloud Platform
5 291 (2.04%) Amazon EC2
6 285 (2.00%) PaaS
7 273 (1.91%) Amazon S3
8 210 (1.47%) Serverless
9 183 (1.28%) OpenShift
10 171 (1.20%) AWS Lambda
11 134 (0.94%) SaaS
12 131 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
13 123 (0.86%) npm
14 118 (0.83%) IaaS
15 106 (0.74%) AWS CloudFormation
16 104 (0.73%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 97 (0.68%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 78 (0.55%) Slack
19 68 (0.48%) Heroku
20 63 (0.44%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 517 (3.62%) HTTP
2 276 (1.93%) TCP/IP
3 207 (1.45%) SSL
4 162 (1.14%) DNS
5 142 (1.00%) Internet
6 117 (0.82%) FTP
7 90 (0.63%) Firewall
8 85 (0.60%) Kerberos
9 83 (0.58%) SMS
10 51 (0.36%) DHCP
11 49 (0.34%) IPsec
12 47 (0.33%) SSH
13 38 (0.27%) VPN
14 33 (0.23%) PuTTY
15 32 (0.22%) AMQP
15 32 (0.22%) Network Security
16 30 (0.21%) Ethernet
17 27 (0.19%) SNMP
18 26 (0.18%) WinSCP
19 25 (0.18%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,324 (9.28%) NoSQL
2 1,098 (7.69%) Relational Database
3 1,068 (7.48%) Big Data
4 976 (6.84%) MongoDB
5 907 (6.36%) Hadoop
6 885 (6.20%) PostgreSQL
7 857 (6.01%) MySQL
8 792 (5.55%) SQL Server
9 472 (3.31%) Apache Cassandra
10 423 (2.96%) RDBMS
11 401 (2.81%) Oracle Database
12 371 (2.60%) HBase
13 343 (2.40%) Apache Hive
14 216 (1.51%) Data Warehouse
15 204 (1.43%) Redis
16 176 (1.23%) Amazon Redshift
17 172 (1.21%) Amazon RDS
18 165 (1.16%) DB2
19 141 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
20 125 (0.88%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,746 (19.24%) Jenkins
2 2,593 (18.17%) Git (software)
3 1,723 (12.07%) Maven
4 1,396 (9.78%) JIRA
5 1,340 (9.39%) Selenium
6 1,106 (7.75%) Cucumber
7 1,105 (7.74%) JUnit
8 549 (3.85%) Gradle
9 503 (3.52%) Subversion
10 473 (3.31%) Mockito
11 423 (2.96%) Eclipse
12 330 (2.31%) SoapUI
13 317 (2.22%) WebDriver
14 269 (1.88%) SonarQube
15 260 (1.82%) Ant
16 255 (1.79%) TeamCity
17 249 (1.74%) IntelliJ
18 248 (1.74%) Bitbucket
19 232 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
20 219 (1.53%) JMeter
General
1 2,725 (19.09%) Finance
2 1,780 (12.47%) Banking
3 747 (5.23%) Front Office
4 518 (3.63%) Investment Banking
5 461 (3.23%) Retail
6 303 (2.12%) Telecoms
7 217 (1.52%) Games
8 214 (1.50%) Marketing
9 145 (1.02%) Manufacturing
10 132 (0.92%) Financial Institution
11 120 (0.84%) Back Office
12 117 (0.82%) Electronics
13 116 (0.81%) Advertising
14 96 (0.67%) Law
15 89 (0.62%) Publishing
16 69 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 64 (0.45%) Legal
18 53 (0.37%) Automotive
19 34 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 24 (0.17%) Military
Job Titles
1 8,599 (60.26%) Developer
2 5,735 (40.19%) Java Developer
3 1,347 (9.44%) Senior Developer
4 1,013 (7.10%) Senior Java Developer
5 961 (6.73%) Architect
6 758 (5.31%) DevOps Engineer
7 719 (5.04%) Java Engineer
8 593 (4.16%) Analyst
9 541 (3.79%) Software Engineer
10 472 (3.31%) Full Stack Developer
11 440 (3.08%) Tester
12 363 (2.54%) Lead Developer
13 347 (2.43%) Solutions Architect
14 330 (2.31%) Agile Developer
14 330 (2.31%) AWS Engineer
15 310 (2.17%) JavaScript Developer
16 306 (2.14%) Test Analyst
17 302 (2.12%) Automation Tester
18 296 (2.07%) Data Engineer
19 291 (2.04%) Lead Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,731 (26.14%) Spring
2 2,265 (15.87%) Web Services
3 2,140 (15.00%) REST
4 1,807 (12.66%) RESTful
5 1,798 (12.60%) HTML
6 1,569 (10.99%) AngularJS
7 1,547 (10.84%) Spring Boot
8 1,488 (10.43%) Hibernate
9 1,370 (9.60%) Node.js
10 1,337 (9.37%) CSS
11 1,319 (9.24%) XML
12 1,216 (8.52%) JSON
13 1,213 (8.50%) SOAP
14 1,204 (8.44%) J2EE
15 1,119 (7.84%) Kafka
16 917 (6.43%) React
17 896 (6.28%) .NET
18 806 (5.65%) HTML5
19 595 (4.17%) Middleware
20 588 (4.12%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 820 (5.75%) Greenfield Project
2 697 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
3 547 (3.83%) User Experience
4 528 (3.70%) Computer Science
5 467 (3.27%) Mobile App
6 454 (3.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 357 (2.50%) Fintech
8 307 (2.15%) Algorithms
9 297 (2.08%) Enterprise Software
10 293 (2.05%) Derivative
11 269 (1.88%) Fixed Income
12 230 (1.61%) Equities
13 227 (1.59%) Data Structures
13 227 (1.59%) Self-Motivation
14 198 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
15 144 (1.01%) Data Centre
15 144 (1.01%) Public Cloud
16 124 (0.87%) Virtual Team
17 110 (0.77%) Hedge funds
18 103 (0.72%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,511 (17.60%) Linux
2 1,487 (10.42%) Unix
3 700 (4.91%) Windows
4 667 (4.67%) Android
5 372 (2.61%) Apple iOS
6 328 (2.30%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 143 (1.00%) CentOS
8 138 (0.97%) Windows Server
9 120 (0.84%) Ubuntu
10 82 (0.57%) Mac OS X
11 66 (0.46%) Solaris
12 62 (0.43%) VMS
13 55 (0.39%) AIX
14 44 (0.31%) Windows Server 2012
15 31 (0.22%) Debian
16 22 (0.15%) Mac OS
17 19 (0.13%) HPUX
17 19 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
18 16 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
19 15 (0.11%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,150 (50.10%) Agile Software Development
2 3,436 (24.08%) TDD
3 2,656 (18.61%) Test Automation
4 2,633 (18.45%) Microservices
5 2,619 (18.35%) DevOps
6 2,507 (17.57%) Scrum
7 2,156 (15.11%) Continuous Integration
8 1,937 (13.57%) BDD
9 1,595 (11.18%) OO
10 1,399 (9.80%) Software Engineering
11 1,203 (8.43%) Open Source
12 1,070 (7.50%) Problem-Solving
13 983 (6.89%) Kanban
14 887 (6.22%) E-Commerce
15 789 (5.53%) SDLC
16 784 (5.49%) SOA
17 780 (5.47%) Multithreading
18 747 (5.23%) MVC
19 703 (4.93%) Continuous Delivery
20 702 (4.92%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,222 (22.58%) JavaScript
2 2,768 (19.40%) SQL
3 2,409 (16.88%) Java 8
4 2,359 (16.53%) Python
5 1,270 (8.90%) Scala
6 1,131 (7.93%) C#
7 815 (5.71%) C++
8 779 (5.46%) Ruby
9 523 (3.66%) Perl
10 514 (3.60%) Groovy
11 491 (3.44%) Bash Shell
12 414 (2.90%) Shell Script
13 386 (2.70%) PHP
14 383 (2.68%) PL/SQL
15 371 (2.60%) C
16 293 (2.05%) Go
17 226 (1.58%) Kotlin
18 220 (1.54%) TypeScript
19 209 (1.46%) ES6
20 171 (1.20%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,128 (7.90%) Security Cleared
2 856 (6.00%) SC Cleared
3 792 (5.55%) Degree
4 240 (1.68%) Computer Science Degree
5 181 (1.27%) ISEB
6 167 (1.17%) ISTQB
7 132 (0.92%) DV Cleared
8 122 (0.85%) BPSS Clearance
9 97 (0.68%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 72 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
11 68 (0.48%) Master's Degree
12 50 (0.35%) AWS Certification
13 40 (0.28%) PhD
14 34 (0.24%) ISEB Practitioner
15 26 (0.18%) TOGAF Certification
16 24 (0.17%) Sun Certification
17 23 (0.16%) DBS Check
18 21 (0.15%) CISSP
19 16 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
20 15 (0.11%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 766 (5.37%) QA
2 109 (0.76%) GCP
3 88 (0.62%) Data Quality
4 68 (0.48%) GDPR
5 57 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
6 56 (0.39%) SLA
7 37 (0.26%) PMO
8 31 (0.22%) PCI DSS
9 22 (0.15%) MiFID
10 19 (0.13%) PSD2
11 18 (0.13%) EMIR
12 16 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 13 (0.091%) Dodd-Frank
13 13 (0.091%) SEPA
14 10 (0.070%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 9 (0.063%) WCAG
16 7 (0.049%) HIPAA
17 5 (0.035%) HL7
17 5 (0.035%) ISO 20022
17 5 (0.035%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 2,004 (14.04%) Docker
2 230 (1.61%) HDFS
3 140 (0.98%) VMware Infrastructure
4 137 (0.96%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 125 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
6 90 (0.63%) Active Directory
7 75 (0.53%) Apache Flume
8 71 (0.50%) vSphere
9 32 (0.22%) Xen
10 21 (0.15%) OpenAM
11 16 (0.11%) Hyper-V
11 16 (0.11%) KVM
11 16 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
12 15 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
13 13 (0.091%) VirtualBox
14 11 (0.077%) etcd
14 11 (0.077%) Virtual Servers
15 10 (0.070%) Varnish
16 8 (0.056%) LXC
16 8 (0.056%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 1,039 (7.28%) Ansible
2 869 (6.09%) Puppet
3 820 (5.75%) Kubernetes
4 622 (4.36%) Opscode Chef
5 597 (4.18%) Terraform
6 168 (1.18%) Kibana
7 147 (1.03%) Hadoop YARN
8 129 (0.90%) Nagios
9 111 (0.78%) Mesos
10 108 (0.76%) Grafana
11 100 (0.70%) logstash
12 95 (0.67%) Packer
13 93 (0.65%) Consul
14 90 (0.63%) Oozie
15 84 (0.59%) Salt
16 67 (0.47%) ZABBIX
17 66 (0.46%) HP ALM
18 63 (0.44%) Docker Swarm
19 60 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
20 48 (0.34%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 1,907 (13.36%) Oracle
2 494 (3.46%) Microsoft
3 482 (3.38%) Google
4 447 (3.13%) IBM
5 343 (2.40%) Red Hat
6 253 (1.77%) Splunk
7 250 (1.75%) Adobe
8 243 (1.70%) Atlassian
9 224 (1.57%) SAP
10 211 (1.48%) VMware
11 191 (1.34%) TIBCO
12 179 (1.25%) MuleSoft
13 166 (1.16%) hybris
14 158 (1.11%) Sybase
15 157 (1.10%) webMethods
16 155 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
17 139 (0.97%) Cloudera
18 124 (0.87%) HP
19 118 (0.83%) AppDynamics
20 112 (0.78%) Hortonworks