Period
to 16 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
16 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing Java 5,118 11,544 14,314
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.98% 12.42% 13.80%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.31% 29.16% 31.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,721 7,914 10,194
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £360
90th Percentile £725 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £470 £440
% change year-on-year +1.06% +6.82% +3.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 99 109
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +1.18% +3.66%
10th Percentile £20.50 £28.90 £15.40
90th Percentile £63.75 £57.58 £75.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -18.60% +1.18% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 16,345 39,585 45,457
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.46% 42.60% 43.81%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,930 27,410 31,768
Median daily rate £498 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.80% +3.26% +4.55%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £410
% change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 372 739 792
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.88% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £19.84 £16.25
90th Percentile £56.45 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -19.54% +6.10% -1.20%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java.

Daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 16 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 16 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 4,743 £538 +2.38% 988
London 0 3,051 £563 +0.45% 489
UK excluding London -4 1,924 £475 +1.06% 577
North of England -5 462 £475 +2.70% 173
South East -5 412 £475 +5.56% 129
South West -2 348 £525 +10.53% 87
Work from Home -3 294 £500 -2.44% 175
East of England -1 220 £500 - 51
North West -2 220 £450 - 98
Midlands -6 208 £425 -5.56% 58
Yorkshire -4 195 £500 +5.26% 51
Scotland -7 185 £450 - 48
West Midlands -6 131 £425 -8.60% 30
East Midlands +6 75 £424 -3.69% 27
North East -4 47 £495 +10.00% 24
Wales -9 47 £475 - 14
Northern Ireland -1 45 £450 -1.37% 18

For the 6 months to 16 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 2,441 (47.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,513 (29.56%) AWS
3 1,348 (26.34%) Python
4 1,249 (24.40%) DevOps
5 1,248 (24.38%) Microservices
6 1,207 (23.58%) Finance
7 1,159 (22.65%) SQL
8 1,116 (21.81%) Spring
9 1,095 (21.40%) JavaScript
10 961 (18.78%) Docker
11 934 (18.25%) TDD
12 923 (18.03%) Web Services
13 906 (17.70%) Test Automation
14 904 (17.66%) Jenkins
15 892 (17.43%) Azure
16 841 (16.43%) Kubernetes
17 840 (16.41%) Banking
18 819 (16.00%) Software Engineering
18 819 (16.00%) Git (software)
19 787 (15.38%) Oracle
20 783 (15.30%) Linux
21 782 (15.28%) Security Cleared
22 705 (13.77%) Spring Boot
23 694 (13.56%) Java 8
24 678 (13.25%) Scrum
25 607 (11.86%) SC Cleared
26 587 (11.47%) BDD
27 585 (11.43%) REST
28 581 (11.35%) Front Office
29 563 (11.00%) AngularJS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 271 (5.30%) Confluence
2 195 (3.81%) Apache
3 190 (3.71%) WebLogic
4 188 (3.67%) Apache Spark
5 160 (3.13%) Elasticsearch
6 153 (2.99%) Tomcat
7 95 (1.86%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 94 (1.84%) JBoss
9 85 (1.66%) WebSphere
10 82 (1.60%) Red Hat Fuse
11 81 (1.58%) Mule
12 60 (1.17%) Cloud Foundry
13 44 (0.86%) Oracle Service Bus
14 41 (0.80%) Apache Solr
15 39 (0.76%) nginx
15 39 (0.76%) SAS
16 34 (0.66%) SharePoint
17 32 (0.63%) CMS
18 28 (0.55%) MQSeries
19 25 (0.49%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 41 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 35 (0.68%) Microsoft Office
3 20 (0.39%) Microsoft Project
4 12 (0.23%) MS Visio
5 10 (0.20%) Sketch
6 8 (0.16%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 7 (0.14%) RoboHelp
7 7 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.12%) Chatbot
9 5 (0.098%) InVision
10 3 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
11 2 (0.039%) LaTeX
11 2 (0.039%) Open Workbench
12 1 (0.020%) Figma
12 1 (0.020%) Simulink
12 1 (0.020%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 20 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
2 13 (0.25%) ION MarketView
2 13 (0.25%) Oracle BPM
2 13 (0.25%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 11 (0.21%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
4 9 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
4 9 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
5 8 (0.16%) FINCAD Analytics
5 8 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
5 8 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
6 7 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
6 7 (0.14%) SAP FI-CA
7 6 (0.12%) Oracle Applications
7 6 (0.12%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 5 (0.098%) Magento
8 5 (0.098%) Oracle EBS R12
8 5 (0.098%) SAP CRM
9 4 (0.078%) Oracle ERP
9 4 (0.078%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 1,513 (29.56%) AWS
2 892 (17.43%) Azure
3 464 (9.07%) GCP
4 301 (5.88%) Serverless
5 243 (4.75%) AWS Lambda
6 223 (4.36%) OpenShift
7 206 (4.03%) Amazon EC2
8 198 (3.87%) Amazon S3
9 188 (3.67%) GitHub
10 159 (3.11%) Amazon ECS
11 133 (2.60%) AWS CloudFormation
12 116 (2.27%) SaaS
13 98 (1.91%) Amazon SQS
14 88 (1.72%) PaaS
15 86 (1.68%) Apigee
16 73 (1.43%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 70 (1.37%) Power Platform
18 48 (0.94%) IaaS
19 46 (0.90%) npm
20 43 (0.84%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 147 (2.87%) HTTP
2 96 (1.88%) Firewall
3 90 (1.76%) SSL
4 89 (1.74%) DNS
5 72 (1.41%) TCP/IP
6 47 (0.92%) Internet
7 44 (0.86%) VPN
8 43 (0.84%) HTTPS
9 38 (0.74%) FTP
10 29 (0.57%) WAN
11 25 (0.49%) DMZ
12 23 (0.45%) Kerberos
12 23 (0.45%) Wireless
13 22 (0.43%) SNMP
14 17 (0.33%) Ethernet
15 15 (0.29%) Intranet
15 15 (0.29%) Reverse Proxy
16 12 (0.23%) DHCP
17 11 (0.21%) Network Security
17 11 (0.21%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 415 (8.11%) SQL Server
2 323 (6.31%) MySQL
3 320 (6.25%) MongoDB
4 305 (5.96%) NoSQL
5 284 (5.55%) Relational Database
6 251 (4.90%) PostgreSQL
7 215 (4.20%) Big Data
8 176 (3.44%) Oracle Database
9 161 (3.15%) Hadoop
10 152 (2.97%) Amazon Redshift
11 138 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
12 125 (2.44%) RDBMS
13 119 (2.33%) Data Warehouse
14 82 (1.60%) Apache Cassandra
15 67 (1.31%) Power BI
16 59 (1.15%) Redis
17 58 (1.13%) Oracle Database 11g
18 50 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 50 (0.98%) DB2
19 47 (0.92%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 904 (17.66%) Jenkins
2 819 (16.00%) Git (software)
3 490 (9.57%) JIRA
4 443 (8.66%) Maven
5 348 (6.80%) Cucumber
6 345 (6.74%) Selenium
7 309 (6.04%) JUnit
8 242 (4.73%) GitLab
9 186 (3.63%) Gradle
10 168 (3.28%) Mockito
11 166 (3.24%) Artifactory
12 155 (3.03%) Subversion
13 141 (2.75%) Bitbucket
14 123 (2.40%) Eclipse
15 120 (2.34%) SoapUI
16 102 (1.99%) RStudio
17 95 (1.86%) JMeter
18 86 (1.68%) Ant
19 80 (1.56%) SonarQube
20 77 (1.50%) Postman
General
1 1,207 (23.58%) Finance
2 840 (16.41%) Banking
3 581 (11.35%) Front Office
4 419 (8.19%) Investment Banking
5 398 (7.78%) Public Sector
6 94 (1.84%) Telecoms
7 78 (1.52%) Marketing
8 69 (1.35%) Retail
9 63 (1.23%) Manufacturing
10 56 (1.09%) Back Office
10 56 (1.09%) Financial Institution
11 51 (1.00%) Electronics
12 37 (0.72%) Aerospace
13 35 (0.68%) Games
14 31 (0.61%) Law
15 20 (0.39%) Retail Banking
16 19 (0.37%) Publishing
17 18 (0.35%) Automotive
17 18 (0.35%) Police
18 17 (0.33%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,947 (57.58%) Developer
2 1,822 (35.60%) Java Developer
3 427 (8.34%) Senior Developer
4 355 (6.94%) Architect
5 334 (6.53%) AWS Developer
6 296 (5.78%) Software Engineer
7 284 (5.55%) AWS Engineer
8 277 (5.41%) DevOps Engineer
8 277 (5.41%) Senior Java Developer
9 261 (5.10%) Java Engineer
10 214 (4.18%) Full Stack Developer
11 170 (3.32%) Analyst
12 165 (3.22%) Python Developer
13 132 (2.58%) Lead Developer
14 131 (2.56%) Tester
15 125 (2.44%) Front Office Developer
16 117 (2.29%) Android Developer
17 115 (2.25%) Consultant
18 113 (2.21%) Python Engineer
19 110 (2.15%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,116 (21.81%) Spring
2 923 (18.03%) Web Services
3 705 (13.77%) Spring Boot
4 585 (11.43%) REST
5 563 (11.00%) AngularJS
6 490 (9.57%) Node.js
7 483 (9.44%) React
8 467 (9.12%) HTML
9 421 (8.23%) XML
10 408 (7.97%) RESTful
11 395 (7.72%) SOAP
12 383 (7.48%) .NET
13 372 (7.27%) CSS
14 345 (6.74%) J2EE
15 340 (6.64%) JSON
15 340 (6.64%) Kafka
16 222 (4.34%) Hibernate
17 221 (4.32%) HTML5
18 207 (4.04%) Middleware
19 167 (3.26%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 438 (8.56%) Fixed Income
2 341 (6.66%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 299 (5.84%) Derivative
4 267 (5.22%) Analytical Skills
5 258 (5.04%) Equities
6 241 (4.71%) Hedge funds
7 221 (4.32%) Greenfield Project
8 200 (3.91%) User Experience
9 170 (3.32%) Mobile App
10 133 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
11 91 (1.78%) Data Structures
12 84 (1.64%) Algorithms
13 70 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
14 69 (1.35%) PKI
15 66 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
16 57 (1.11%) Cloud Native
17 54 (1.06%) Virtual Team
18 53 (1.04%) Data Centre
18 53 (1.04%) Public Cloud
19 48 (0.94%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 783 (15.30%) Linux
2 489 (9.55%) Unix
3 292 (5.71%) Windows
4 229 (4.47%) Android
5 109 (2.13%) Mac OS X
6 96 (1.88%) Apple iOS
7 89 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 48 (0.94%) Windows Server
9 31 (0.61%) CentOS
10 22 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
10 22 (0.43%) Windows Server 2016
11 21 (0.41%) Solaris
12 16 (0.31%) AIX
12 16 (0.31%) Ubuntu
13 15 (0.29%) Oracle Linux
14 12 (0.23%) Debian
15 9 (0.18%) Windows 10
16 8 (0.16%) SUSE
17 7 (0.14%) Amazon Linux
18 6 (0.12%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,441 (47.69%) Agile Software Development
2 1,249 (24.40%) DevOps
3 1,248 (24.38%) Microservices
4 934 (18.25%) TDD
5 906 (17.70%) Test Automation
6 819 (16.00%) Software Engineering
7 678 (13.25%) Scrum
8 587 (11.47%) BDD
9 549 (10.73%) Continuous Integration
10 405 (7.91%) Problem-Solving
11 353 (6.90%) Asset Management
12 339 (6.62%) SDLC
13 306 (5.98%) Multithreading
14 303 (5.92%) OO
15 298 (5.82%) Open Source
16 288 (5.63%) Pair Programming
17 257 (5.02%) Analytics
18 249 (4.87%) Kanban
19 248 (4.85%) Computer Science
20 240 (4.69%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 1,348 (26.34%) Python
2 1,159 (22.65%) SQL
3 1,095 (21.40%) JavaScript
4 694 (13.56%) Java 8
5 432 (8.44%) C#
6 293 (5.72%) Scala
7 276 (5.39%) Kotlin
8 265 (5.18%) C++
9 202 (3.95%) PL/SQL
10 179 (3.50%) Bash Shell
11 170 (3.32%) Shell Script
12 154 (3.01%) R
13 148 (2.89%) Perl
14 146 (2.85%) Ruby
15 137 (2.68%) PowerShell
16 136 (2.66%) Go
17 131 (2.56%) TypeScript
18 118 (2.31%) Groovy
19 114 (2.23%) PHP
20 109 (2.13%) C
Qualifications
1 782 (15.28%) Security Cleared
2 607 (11.86%) SC Cleared
3 268 (5.24%) Degree
4 127 (2.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (2.17%) DV Cleared
6 77 (1.50%) BPSS Clearance
7 62 (1.21%) ISEB
8 55 (1.07%) ISTQB
9 42 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 40 (0.78%) DBS Check
11 27 (0.53%) Master's Degree
12 24 (0.47%) Sun Certification
13 23 (0.45%) AWS Certification
14 22 (0.43%) CISSP
15 20 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
16 14 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
17 12 (0.23%) PhD
17 12 (0.23%) SANS
18 10 (0.20%) CCA
19 9 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 269 (5.26%) QA
2 41 (0.80%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.76%) WCAG
4 24 (0.47%) GDPR
5 21 (0.41%) SLA
6 19 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 13 (0.25%) Cyber Essentials
8 12 (0.23%) HIPAA
9 10 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
9 10 (0.20%) MiFID
9 10 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 9 (0.18%) PSD2
11 7 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 20000
12 6 (0.12%) PMO
13 3 (0.059%) Basel III
13 3 (0.059%) HL7
13 3 (0.059%) ISO 9001
14 2 (0.039%) NCSC
14 2 (0.039%) NIST
14 2 (0.039%) WAI
System Software
1 961 (18.78%) Docker
2 131 (2.56%) Active Directory
3 33 (0.64%) HDFS
4 32 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
5 31 (0.61%) Virtual Machines
6 17 (0.33%) OpenAM
7 16 (0.31%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 15 (0.29%) VMware ESXi
9 14 (0.27%) NFS
10 13 (0.25%) vSphere
11 11 (0.21%) Hyper-V
11 11 (0.21%) OpenDJ
11 11 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
12 10 (0.20%) VMware Workstation
13 9 (0.18%) RACF
14 5 (0.098%) Apache Flume
14 5 (0.098%) GeoWebCache
15 4 (0.078%) NDS
16 2 (0.039%) Samba
16 2 (0.039%) Xen
Systems Management
1 841 (16.43%) Kubernetes
2 430 (8.40%) Terraform
3 320 (6.25%) Ansible
4 148 (2.89%) Puppet
5 110 (2.15%) Opscode Chef
6 72 (1.41%) Prometheus
7 66 (1.29%) Kibana
8 48 (0.94%) Grafana
9 43 (0.84%) logstash
10 38 (0.74%) Packer
10 38 (0.74%) Single Sign-On
11 25 (0.49%) Nagios
12 22 (0.43%) Zipkin
13 21 (0.41%) SCCM
14 20 (0.39%) Data Guard
15 14 (0.27%) Consul
15 14 (0.27%) Hadoop YARN
16 13 (0.25%) Docker Swarm
16 13 (0.25%) Oracle RMAN
17 12 (0.23%) Netcool
Vendors
1 787 (15.38%) Oracle
2 319 (6.23%) Google
3 247 (4.83%) Microsoft
4 182 (3.56%) SAP
5 133 (2.60%) Red Hat
6 118 (2.31%) IBM
7 108 (2.11%) Splunk
8 104 (2.03%) MuleSoft
9 82 (1.60%) Sybase
10 75 (1.47%) webMethods
11 68 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
12 64 (1.25%) AppDynamics
13 56 (1.09%) Cloudera
14 52 (1.02%) VMware
15 49 (0.96%) Informatica
16 48 (0.94%) BEA
17 47 (0.92%) Talend
18 44 (0.86%) WSO2
19 41 (0.80%) Bloomberg
20 40 (0.78%) Dell