Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 14525 13135 11998
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.09% 12.54% 10.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.53% 31.11% 27.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 10377 9183 8118
UK median daily rate £500 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.70% +2.22% +0.56%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £410
% change year-on-year - +3.66% +5.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 141 146 231
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £39.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.56% -2.50% +9.89%
10th Percentile £26.08 £12.25 £27.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £52.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.15 £37.38 £40.00
% change year-on-year +10.10% -6.56% +14.29%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43314 42222 43547
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.00% 40.32% 38.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 30261 28989 29461
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £281 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £369
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.76% +5.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 805 881 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.18 £14.34 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +19.05%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13271 £500 +5.26% 2132
London +1 8477 £538 +7.50% 1130
UK excluding London +1 5892 £425 - 1101
South East +1 1795 £475 +5.56% 256
North of England +1 1322 £425 - 323
Scotland -1 702 £400 +10.73% 78
North West -2 631 £425 - 179
Midlands -2 600 £425 - 134
Yorkshire -1 581 £425 -2.86% 125
South West +2 543 £425 +6.25% 115
East of England -1 519 £448 +3.47% 169
West Midlands -8 307 £408 -2.40% 72
Northern Ireland +3 291 £420 +2.13% 9
East Midlands +1 280 £425 -1.16% 62
Wales -5 147 £450 -5.26% 18
North East -1 120 £400 +11.11% 19
Channel Islands +6 5 - -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7289 (50.18%) Agile Software Development
2 3727 (25.66%) Spring
3 3528 (24.29%) TDD
4 3476 (23.93%) JavaScript
5 3351 (23.07%) SQL
6 3318 (22.84%) Finance
7 2910 (20.03%) Linux
8 2604 (17.93%) Web Services
9 2562 (17.64%) Git (software)
10 2530 (17.42%) Jenkins
11 2494 (17.17%) Test Automation
12 2493 (17.16%) Banking
13 2426 (16.70%) Scrum
14 2385 (16.42%) Python
15 2334 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
16 2283 (15.72%) DevOps
17 2278 (15.68%) HTML
18 2203 (15.17%) Oracle
19 2166 (14.91%) REST
20 2120 (14.60%) Microservices
21 2098 (14.44%) Amazon AWS
22 1962 (13.51%) BDD
23 1814 (12.49%) RESTful
24 1748 (12.03%) Unix
25 1728 (11.90%) Maven
26 1718 (11.83%) Docker
27 1704 (11.73%) AngularJS
28 1702 (11.72%) CSS
29 1513 (10.42%) OO
30 1503 (10.35%) Hibernate

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 924 (6.36%) Tomcat
2 807 (5.56%) Apache Spark
3 794 (5.47%) Confluence
4 727 (5.01%) Apache
5 629 (4.33%) JBoss
6 597 (4.11%) WebSphere
7 481 (3.31%) Elasticsearch
8 376 (2.59%) WebLogic
9 267 (1.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 227 (1.56%) Apache Solr
11 216 (1.49%) Cloud Foundry
12 174 (1.20%) Mule
13 171 (1.18%) CMS
14 161 (1.11%) OpenStack
15 144 (0.99%) nginx
16 143 (0.98%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 130 (0.90%) IIS
18 120 (0.83%) WildFly
19 117 (0.81%) WebSphere Application Server
20 97 (0.67%) Jetty
Applications
1 106 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 54 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.21%) Photoshop
4 29 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 25 (0.17%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
7 14 (0.096%) OmniGraffle
8 12 (0.083%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 12 (0.083%) Chatbot
9 11 (0.076%) Simulink
10 10 (0.069%) HipChat
10 10 (0.069%) Pipeline Pilot
11 9 (0.062%) Microsoft Project
12 7 (0.048%) Adobe Illustrator
12 7 (0.048%) SmartSuite
13 5 (0.034%) SPSS
14 3 (0.021%) Mingle
15 1 (0.007%) Doxygen
15 1 (0.007%) InDesign
15 1 (0.007%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 115 (0.79%) ION MarketView
2 67 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
3 63 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
4 43 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
5 37 (0.25%) Magento
6 28 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 25 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 24 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
9 19 (0.13%) Actimize
10 18 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
11 15 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
12 14 (0.096%) R3 Corda
13 12 (0.083%) RMDS
14 10 (0.069%) Oracle Retail
14 10 (0.069%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 8 (0.055%) Maximo
15 8 (0.055%) Oracle Cash Management
15 8 (0.055%) Remedy ITSM
15 8 (0.055%) SAP ERP
16 7 (0.048%) Oracle Utilities
Cloud Services
1 2098 (14.44%) Amazon AWS
2 584 (4.02%) Microsoft Azure
3 461 (3.17%) GitHub
4 304 (2.09%) PaaS
5 237 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
6 188 (1.29%) Amazon S3
7 176 (1.21%) Serverless
8 167 (1.15%) OpenShift
9 139 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
10 136 (0.94%) npm
11 135 (0.93%) Google Cloud Platform
12 128 (0.88%) SaaS
13 123 (0.85%) IaaS
14 119 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
15 95 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
16 77 (0.53%) Amazon SQS
17 68 (0.47%) IBM Cloud
18 67 (0.46%) Bluemix
18 67 (0.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 61 (0.42%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 531 (3.66%) HTTP
2 322 (2.22%) Internet
2 322 (2.22%) TCP/IP
3 206 (1.42%) SSL
4 173 (1.19%) Firewall
5 164 (1.13%) LDAP
6 145 (1.00%) Kerberos
7 128 (0.88%) DNS
8 84 (0.58%) Network Security
9 78 (0.54%) FTP
10 75 (0.52%) SMS
11 54 (0.37%) HTTPS
11 54 (0.37%) LAN
12 46 (0.32%) BIG-IP
12 46 (0.32%) VPN
13 44 (0.30%) SSH
14 40 (0.28%) IPsec
14 40 (0.28%) Wireless
15 39 (0.27%) AMQP
16 35 (0.24%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1363 (9.38%) NoSQL
2 1153 (7.94%) Relational Database
3 1135 (7.81%) Big Data
4 1089 (7.50%) MongoDB
5 1044 (7.19%) Hadoop
6 846 (5.82%) PostgreSQL
7 790 (5.44%) MySQL
8 781 (5.38%) SQL Server
9 566 (3.90%) RDBMS
10 461 (3.17%) Apache Cassandra
11 441 (3.04%) HBase
12 416 (2.86%) Oracle Database
13 338 (2.33%) Apache Hive
14 236 (1.62%) DB2
15 211 (1.45%) Redis
16 176 (1.21%) Data Warehouse
17 120 (0.83%) Amazon RDS
18 117 (0.81%) Impala
19 111 (0.76%) KDB
20 109 (0.75%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2562 (17.64%) Git (software)
2 2530 (17.42%) Jenkins
3 1728 (11.90%) Maven
4 1483 (10.21%) JIRA
5 1283 (8.83%) JUnit
6 1172 (8.07%) Selenium
7 1130 (7.78%) Cucumber
8 710 (4.89%) Subversion
9 553 (3.81%) Mockito
10 511 (3.52%) Gradle
11 472 (3.25%) Eclipse
12 420 (2.89%) TeamCity
13 409 (2.82%) IntelliJ
14 406 (2.80%) Ant
15 388 (2.67%) WebDriver
16 267 (1.84%) Sonatype Nexus
17 263 (1.81%) SoapUI
18 237 (1.63%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 236 (1.62%) Bitbucket
20 221 (1.52%) SonarQube
General
1 3318 (22.84%) Finance
2 2493 (17.16%) Banking
3 1042 (7.17%) Front Office
4 891 (6.13%) Investment Banking
5 432 (2.97%) Retail
6 346 (2.38%) Telecoms
7 326 (2.24%) Marketing
8 243 (1.67%) Games
9 211 (1.45%) Manufacturing
10 181 (1.25%) Financial Institution
11 169 (1.16%) Electronics
12 134 (0.92%) Retail Banking
13 104 (0.72%) Publishing
14 100 (0.69%) Back Office
15 70 (0.48%) Advertising
16 60 (0.41%) Legal
17 54 (0.37%) Automotive
18 46 (0.32%) Law
19 35 (0.24%) French Language
20 32 (0.22%) Billing
Job Titles
1 9057 (62.35%) Developer
2 6107 (42.04%) Java Developer
3 1476 (10.16%) Senior Developer
4 1112 (7.66%) Senior Java Developer
5 921 (6.34%) Architect
6 757 (5.21%) DevOps Engineer
7 613 (4.22%) Agile Developer
8 597 (4.11%) Analyst
9 596 (4.10%) Java Engineer
10 511 (3.52%) Full Stack Developer
11 491 (3.38%) Agile Java Developer
12 450 (3.10%) JavaScript Developer
13 443 (3.05%) Scala Developer
14 405 (2.79%) Consultant
15 400 (2.75%) Tester
16 399 (2.75%) Software Engineer
17 374 (2.57%) Angular Developer
18 305 (2.10%) Android Developer
19 290 (2.00%) Software Developer
20 280 (1.93%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3727 (25.66%) Spring
2 2604 (17.93%) Web Services
3 2278 (15.68%) HTML
4 2166 (14.91%) REST
5 1814 (12.49%) RESTful
6 1704 (11.73%) AngularJS
7 1702 (11.72%) CSS
8 1503 (10.35%) Hibernate
9 1489 (10.25%) XML
10 1340 (9.23%) JSON
11 1302 (8.96%) Node.js
12 1240 (8.54%) J2EE
13 1174 (8.08%) SOAP
14 1166 (8.03%) Spring Boot
15 1125 (7.75%) HTML5
16 927 (6.38%) .NET
17 861 (5.93%) Kafka
18 810 (5.58%) React
19 663 (4.56%) jQuery
20 654 (4.50%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 942 (6.49%) Analytical Skills
2 720 (4.96%) Greenfield Project
3 662 (4.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 614 (4.23%) Computer Science
5 486 (3.35%) User Experience
6 430 (2.96%) Mobile App
7 415 (2.86%) Data Structures
8 408 (2.81%) Fixed Income
9 369 (2.54%) Derivative
10 363 (2.50%) Equities
11 360 (2.48%) Algorithms
12 293 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
13 236 (1.62%) Virtual Team
14 235 (1.62%) Fintech
15 175 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
16 131 (0.90%) Market Risk
17 130 (0.90%) Equity Derivative
18 108 (0.74%) Client/Server
19 98 (0.67%) N-Tier
20 96 (0.66%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2910 (20.03%) Linux
2 1748 (12.03%) Unix
3 758 (5.22%) Windows
4 611 (4.21%) Android
5 451 (3.10%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 331 (2.28%) Apple iOS
7 155 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 151 (1.04%) CentOS
9 140 (0.96%) Solaris
10 139 (0.96%) Windows Server
11 94 (0.65%) Ubuntu
12 72 (0.50%) AIX
13 63 (0.43%) VMS
14 59 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
15 58 (0.40%) Windows 7
16 40 (0.28%) CoreOS
17 32 (0.22%) Windows Server 2008
18 27 (0.19%) HPUX
19 24 (0.17%) Mac OS
20 23 (0.16%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 7289 (50.18%) Agile Software Development
2 3528 (24.29%) TDD
3 2494 (17.17%) Test Automation
4 2426 (16.70%) Scrum
5 2334 (16.07%) Continuous Integration
6 2283 (15.72%) DevOps
7 2120 (14.60%) Microservices
8 1962 (13.51%) BDD
9 1513 (10.42%) OO
10 1304 (8.98%) Software Engineering
11 1291 (8.89%) Open Source
12 986 (6.79%) Multithreading
13 948 (6.53%) SDLC
14 925 (6.37%) MVC
15 910 (6.27%) Kanban
16 826 (5.69%) E-Commerce
17 814 (5.60%) SOA
18 747 (5.14%) Unit Testing
19 681 (4.69%) Configuration Management
20 666 (4.59%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3476 (23.93%) JavaScript
2 3351 (23.07%) SQL
3 2385 (16.42%) Python
4 1281 (8.82%) Scala
5 1225 (8.43%) C#
6 840 (5.78%) Ruby
7 771 (5.31%) C++
8 524 (3.61%) Bash Shell
9 504 (3.47%) Perl
10 425 (2.93%) Shell Script
11 409 (2.82%) Groovy
12 400 (2.75%) PL/SQL
13 359 (2.47%) PHP
14 306 (2.11%) C
15 299 (2.06%) Go
16 162 (1.12%) ES6
17 151 (1.04%) PowerShell
18 146 (1.01%) TypeScript
19 143 (0.98%) R
20 138 (0.95%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1053 (7.25%) Security Cleared
2 740 (5.09%) Degree
3 735 (5.06%) SC Cleared
4 238 (1.64%) Computer Science Degree
5 111 (0.76%) DV Cleared
6 99 (0.68%) BPSS Clearance
7 97 (0.67%) ISEB
8 94 (0.65%) ISTQB
9 82 (0.56%) PhD
10 57 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
11 40 (0.28%) Sun Certification
12 34 (0.23%) CISSP
13 30 (0.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 28 (0.19%) Master's Degree
15 27 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
16 22 (0.15%) MCSE
16 22 (0.15%) PMP
17 20 (0.14%) MCSA
18 19 (0.13%) RHCE
19 18 (0.12%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 885 (6.09%) QA
2 146 (1.01%) MiFID
3 70 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 61 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 46 (0.32%) PCI DSS
6 42 (0.29%) SLA
7 40 (0.28%) GDPR
8 35 (0.24%) WCAG
9 25 (0.17%) HL7
10 18 (0.12%) GCP
11 17 (0.12%) Dodd-Frank
12 16 (0.11%) EMIR
13 14 (0.096%) PSD2
14 11 (0.076%) RosettaNet
14 11 (0.076%) SEPA
15 8 (0.055%) Actionable Recommendations
15 8 (0.055%) ISO 8583
16 7 (0.048%) AS 2805
17 5 (0.034%) ISO/IEC 27001
17 5 (0.034%) WAI
System Software
1 1718 (11.83%) Docker
2 298 (2.05%) HDFS
3 172 (1.18%) Active Directory
4 135 (0.93%) Apache Flume
5 126 (0.87%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 109 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
7 102 (0.70%) VMware Infrastructure
8 39 (0.27%) vSphere
9 23 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
10 21 (0.14%) Xen
11 20 (0.14%) Firmware
11 20 (0.14%) vCloud
12 17 (0.12%) OpenAM
13 16 (0.11%) etcd
13 16 (0.11%) NFS
14 15 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
15 14 (0.096%) Postfix
15 14 (0.096%) Squid
16 12 (0.083%) OpenDJ
16 12 (0.083%) Varnish
Systems Management
1 1092 (7.52%) Ansible
2 1002 (6.90%) Puppet
3 645 (4.44%) Opscode Chef
4 587 (4.04%) Kubernetes
5 397 (2.73%) Terraform
6 203 (1.40%) Kibana
7 194 (1.34%) logstash
8 133 (0.92%) Grafana
9 120 (0.83%) Oozie
10 115 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
11 82 (0.56%) Mesos
12 66 (0.45%) Nagios
13 65 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
14 61 (0.42%) ZABBIX
15 60 (0.41%) Ambari
15 60 (0.41%) Consul
16 58 (0.40%) Packer
17 49 (0.34%) Docker Swarm
18 47 (0.32%) Rancher
19 46 (0.32%) Salt
Vendors
1 2203 (15.17%) Oracle
2 492 (3.39%) IBM
3 450 (3.10%) Microsoft
4 387 (2.66%) Red Hat
5 317 (2.18%) Google
6 314 (2.16%) Sybase
7 302 (2.08%) SAP
8 282 (1.94%) TIBCO
9 269 (1.85%) Splunk
10 230 (1.58%) Atlassian
11 224 (1.54%) VMware
12 215 (1.48%) Salesforce.com
13 196 (1.35%) HP
14 188 (1.29%) Adobe
15 166 (1.14%) hybris
16 150 (1.03%) ION Trading
17 149 (1.03%) AppDynamics
18 141 (0.97%) Cloudera
19 133 (0.92%) MuleSoft
20 106 (0.73%) Perforce