Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -6 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 7,820 13,851 14,053
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 10.73% 14.01% 14.23%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.27% 31.59% 33.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,343 9,541 10,198
UK median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £663
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £430
% change year-on-year +5.56% +4.65% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 96 111
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +12.50% -
10th Percentile £20.50 £29.12 £25.00
90th Percentile £53.19 £58.75 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £40.65
% change year-on-year -22.22% +10.69% +2.27%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 29,772 43,847 41,627
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.84% 44.36% 42.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 20,408 30,768 29,362
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £308
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 600 679 750
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.73% +5.48% -
10th Percentile £17.24 £17.00 £16.61
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 7,136 £538 +2.38% 3,090
London 0 4,240 £575 +4.55% 1,583
UK excluding London -8 3,423 £475 +5.56% 1,744
North of England -3 868 £475 +5.56% 431
South East -15 814 £475 - 433
South West -3 548 £500 +5.26% 223
North West -7 429 £475 +5.56% 215
Scotland -5 403 £473 +10.20% 161
Midlands -12 386 £453 +0.56% 233
Yorkshire -1 326 £475 +5.56% 173
West Midlands -5 292 £460 +2.22% 134
East of England -17 226 £450 -11.76% 189
North East +5 120 £438 +1.45% 43
Wales -8 98 £450 - 49
East Midlands -23 94 £450 - 99
Northern Ireland +2 77 £425 +3.03% 28
Channel Islands -8 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,850 (49.23%) Agile Software Development
2 1,954 (24.99%) Python
3 1,852 (23.68%) AWS
4 1,850 (23.66%) Microservices
5 1,791 (22.90%) Spring
6 1,761 (22.52%) JavaScript
7 1,663 (21.27%) DevOps
8 1,631 (20.86%) SQL
9 1,588 (20.31%) Finance
10 1,456 (18.62%) TDD
11 1,389 (17.76%) Docker
12 1,324 (16.93%) Jenkins
13 1,212 (15.50%) Test Automation
14 1,205 (15.41%) Git (software)
15 1,182 (15.12%) Web Services
16 1,171 (14.97%) Linux
17 1,143 (14.62%) Software Engineering
18 1,139 (14.57%) Scrum
19 1,005 (12.85%) Oracle
20 995 (12.72%) Azure
21 980 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
22 978 (12.51%) AngularJS
23 969 (12.39%) Security Cleared
24 957 (12.24%) Kubernetes
25 942 (12.05%) Java 8
26 920 (11.76%) Spring Boot
27 914 (11.69%) Banking
28 890 (11.38%) HTML
29 873 (11.16%) REST
30 870 (11.13%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 401 (5.13%) Confluence
2 319 (4.08%) Apache Spark
3 311 (3.98%) Apache
4 253 (3.24%) Tomcat
5 210 (2.69%) WebLogic
6 179 (2.29%) Elasticsearch
7 167 (2.14%) WebSphere
8 158 (2.02%) JBoss
9 97 (1.24%) nginx
10 88 (1.13%) Cloud Foundry
11 84 (1.07%) CMS
12 78 (1.00%) IIS
13 60 (0.77%) Jetty
14 57 (0.73%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 51 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 46 (0.59%) SharePoint
17 45 (0.58%) Red Hat Fuse
18 40 (0.51%) OpenStack
19 36 (0.46%) Mongrel
20 35 (0.45%) Mule
Applications
1 60 (0.77%) Photoshop
2 32 (0.41%) Microsoft Excel
3 23 (0.29%) Microsoft Office
4 19 (0.24%) Microsoft Project
5 18 (0.23%) Sketch
6 17 (0.22%) Adobe Illustrator
7 15 (0.19%) GIMP
8 9 (0.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.10%) Windchill
10 4 (0.051%) Acrobat
10 4 (0.051%) InDesign
10 4 (0.051%) InVision
10 4 (0.051%) MS Visio
11 3 (0.038%) Chatbot
12 2 (0.026%) Zeplin
13 1 (0.013%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 1 (0.013%) SPSS
13 1 (0.013%) Weka
Business Applications
1 87 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.58%) FINCAD Analytics
2 45 (0.58%) Oracle EBS
3 33 (0.42%) Magento
4 21 (0.27%) BusinessWorks
5 20 (0.26%) Siebel CRM
6 19 (0.24%) Shopify
7 17 (0.22%) ION MarketView
8 16 (0.20%) Oracle BPM
8 16 (0.20%) Remedy ITSM
9 13 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
10 10 (0.13%) Finacle
10 10 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
10 10 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
11 9 (0.12%) NetSuite
12 8 (0.10%) assyst
12 8 (0.10%) Oracle AML
12 8 (0.10%) PolarLake
12 8 (0.10%) thinkFolio
13 7 (0.090%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,852 (23.68%) AWS
2 995 (12.72%) Azure
3 561 (7.17%) GCP
4 389 (4.97%) Serverless
5 317 (4.05%) GitHub
6 284 (3.63%) AWS Lambda
7 260 (3.32%) Amazon EC2
8 240 (3.07%) Amazon S3
9 223 (2.85%) OpenShift
10 201 (2.57%) Amazon SQS
11 150 (1.92%) AWS CloudFormation
11 150 (1.92%) PaaS
12 124 (1.59%) SaaS
13 112 (1.43%) Power Platform
14 109 (1.39%) Amazon ECS
15 86 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
16 62 (0.79%) IaaS
17 53 (0.68%) AWS Step Functions
17 53 (0.68%) npm
18 52 (0.66%) Amazon Kinesis
Communications & Networking
1 273 (3.49%) HTTP
2 194 (2.48%) TCP/IP
3 133 (1.70%) SSL
4 106 (1.36%) DNS
5 72 (0.92%) Firewall
6 70 (0.90%) Internet
7 66 (0.84%) FTP
8 60 (0.77%) DHCP
9 44 (0.56%) IPsec
10 41 (0.52%) Ethernet
11 27 (0.35%) HTTPS
11 27 (0.35%) Kerberos
12 26 (0.33%) Multicast
13 23 (0.29%) SSH
14 20 (0.26%) SNMP
15 19 (0.24%) VPN
16 16 (0.20%) Network Security
16 16 (0.20%) WAN
17 15 (0.19%) Wi-Fi
18 13 (0.17%) IPv6
Database & Business Intelligence
1 499 (6.38%) NoSQL
2 464 (5.93%) MongoDB
3 460 (5.88%) Relational Database
4 443 (5.66%) Big Data
5 441 (5.64%) PostgreSQL
6 433 (5.54%) SQL Server
7 357 (4.57%) Hadoop
8 328 (4.19%) MySQL
9 215 (2.75%) Amazon RDS
10 208 (2.66%) Oracle Database
11 203 (2.60%) RDBMS
12 150 (1.92%) Apache Cassandra
13 138 (1.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 133 (1.70%) Amazon Redshift
15 125 (1.60%) DB2
16 119 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
17 116 (1.48%) Apache Hive
18 112 (1.43%) Power BI
19 101 (1.29%) HBase
20 95 (1.21%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,324 (16.93%) Jenkins
2 1,205 (15.41%) Git (software)
3 769 (9.83%) JIRA
4 670 (8.57%) Maven
5 597 (7.63%) Selenium
6 544 (6.96%) Cucumber
7 541 (6.92%) JUnit
8 281 (3.59%) Mockito
9 242 (3.09%) Gradle
10 204 (2.61%) Bitbucket
11 197 (2.52%) SonarQube
12 177 (2.26%) Subversion
13 171 (2.19%) Eclipse
13 171 (2.19%) GitLab
14 157 (2.01%) TeamCity
15 135 (1.73%) WebDriver
16 131 (1.68%) Artifactory
17 110 (1.41%) JMeter
17 110 (1.41%) SoapUI
18 108 (1.38%) Ant
General
1 1,588 (20.31%) Finance
2 914 (11.69%) Banking
3 579 (7.40%) Front Office
4 539 (6.89%) Public Sector
5 287 (3.67%) Investment Banking
6 166 (2.12%) Retail
7 130 (1.66%) Marketing
8 126 (1.61%) Telecoms
9 93 (1.19%) Manufacturing
10 91 (1.16%) Games
11 61 (0.78%) Electronics
12 51 (0.65%) Retail Banking
13 48 (0.61%) Back Office
14 46 (0.59%) Aerospace
15 45 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 43 (0.55%) Law
17 38 (0.49%) Legal
18 37 (0.47%) Advertising
19 36 (0.46%) Military
20 27 (0.35%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 4,417 (56.48%) Developer
2 2,506 (32.05%) Java Developer
3 626 (8.01%) Senior Developer
4 528 (6.75%) Architect
5 457 (5.84%) Software Engineer
6 454 (5.81%) DevOps Engineer
7 451 (5.77%) Java Engineer
8 401 (5.13%) Full Stack Developer
9 390 (4.99%) Senior Java Developer
10 293 (3.75%) AWS Developer
11 239 (3.06%) AWS Engineer
12 235 (3.01%) React Developer
13 207 (2.65%) Analyst
14 202 (2.58%) Software Developer
15 193 (2.47%) Consultant
16 192 (2.46%) Data Engineer
17 188 (2.40%) Android Developer
18 180 (2.30%) Tester
19 176 (2.25%) Angular Developer
20 175 (2.24%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,791 (22.90%) Spring
2 1,182 (15.12%) Web Services
3 978 (12.51%) AngularJS
4 920 (11.76%) Spring Boot
5 890 (11.38%) HTML
6 873 (11.16%) REST
7 870 (11.13%) Node.js
8 805 (10.29%) RESTful
9 758 (9.69%) React
10 752 (9.62%) CSS
11 707 (9.04%) .NET
12 629 (8.04%) Kafka
13 581 (7.43%) XML
14 560 (7.16%) J2EE
15 510 (6.52%) JSON
16 507 (6.48%) SOAP
17 435 (5.56%) Hibernate
18 329 (4.21%) HTML5
19 236 (3.02%) RabbitMQ
20 176 (2.25%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 514 (6.57%) Greenfield Project
2 391 (5.00%) Analytical Skills
3 357 (4.57%) Fixed Income
4 341 (4.36%) Derivative
5 277 (3.54%) User Experience
6 274 (3.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 219 (2.80%) Equities
8 189 (2.42%) Algorithms
8 189 (2.42%) Enterprise Software
9 185 (2.37%) Mobile App
10 161 (2.06%) Data Structures
11 136 (1.74%) Public Cloud
12 113 (1.45%) Hedge funds
13 103 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
14 98 (1.25%) Linux Command Line
15 92 (1.18%) Virtual Team
16 91 (1.16%) Equity Derivative
17 88 (1.13%) Cloud Native
18 73 (0.93%) Management Information System
19 70 (0.90%) Blog
Operating Systems
1 1,171 (14.97%) Linux
2 597 (7.63%) Unix
3 377 (4.82%) Windows
4 327 (4.18%) Android
5 136 (1.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 135 (1.73%) Apple iOS
7 88 (1.13%) Ubuntu
8 73 (0.93%) CentOS
9 66 (0.84%) Windows Server
10 42 (0.54%) Mac OS X
11 37 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
12 32 (0.41%) Mac OS
13 30 (0.38%) AIX
14 29 (0.37%) Debian
15 27 (0.35%) Solaris
16 15 (0.19%) VMS
17 13 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
17 13 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
18 11 (0.14%) Windows XP
19 10 (0.13%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,850 (49.23%) Agile Software Development
2 1,850 (23.66%) Microservices
3 1,663 (21.27%) DevOps
4 1,456 (18.62%) TDD
5 1,212 (15.50%) Test Automation
6 1,143 (14.62%) Software Engineering
7 1,139 (14.57%) Scrum
8 980 (12.53%) Continuous Integration
9 785 (10.04%) BDD
10 619 (7.92%) Open Source
11 583 (7.46%) Problem-Solving
12 550 (7.03%) OO
13 477 (6.10%) Kanban
14 454 (5.81%) Unit Testing
15 417 (5.33%) Analytics
16 400 (5.12%) SDLC
17 398 (5.09%) Mentoring
18 372 (4.76%) Computer Science
19 357 (4.57%) Configuration Management
20 327 (4.18%) Asset Management
Programming Languages
1 1,954 (24.99%) Python
2 1,761 (22.52%) JavaScript
3 1,631 (20.86%) SQL
4 942 (12.05%) Java 8
5 842 (10.77%) C#
6 609 (7.79%) C++
7 555 (7.10%) Scala
8 393 (5.03%) Ruby
9 355 (4.54%) Kotlin
10 274 (3.50%) Bash Shell
11 257 (3.29%) PL/SQL
12 237 (3.03%) Go
13 223 (2.85%) PHP
14 213 (2.72%) R
15 212 (2.71%) Shell Script
16 209 (2.67%) TypeScript
17 193 (2.47%) Groovy
18 183 (2.34%) C
19 159 (2.03%) Perl
20 153 (1.96%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 969 (12.39%) Security Cleared
2 715 (9.14%) SC Cleared
3 497 (6.36%) Degree
4 155 (1.98%) DV Cleared
5 150 (1.92%) Computer Science Degree
6 115 (1.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 85 (1.09%) ISTQB
8 81 (1.04%) ISEB
9 47 (0.60%) Master's Degree
10 38 (0.49%) DBS Check
11 36 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
12 35 (0.45%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 32 (0.41%) PhD
14 30 (0.38%) AWS Certification
15 27 (0.35%) Numerate Degree
16 19 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
17 14 (0.18%) ISEB Practitioner
18 13 (0.17%) Sun Certification
19 12 (0.15%) CCNA
19 12 (0.15%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 345 (4.41%) QA
2 31 (0.40%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.31%) GDPR
3 24 (0.31%) PCI DSS
4 20 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.23%) PSD2
5 18 (0.23%) SLA
6 15 (0.19%) Disclosure Scotland
7 14 (0.18%) WCAG
8 9 (0.12%) MiFID
9 7 (0.090%) HL7
9 7 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 7 (0.090%) NIST
10 6 (0.077%) NCSC
10 6 (0.077%) PMO
11 5 (0.064%) COBIT
11 5 (0.064%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 5 (0.064%) SEPA
12 4 (0.051%) Government Security Classifications
12 4 (0.051%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 1,389 (17.76%) Docker
2 96 (1.23%) VMware Infrastructure
3 79 (1.01%) HDFS
4 67 (0.86%) Active Directory
5 54 (0.69%) Postfix
6 43 (0.55%) Virtual Machines
7 36 (0.46%) vSphere
7 36 (0.46%) Xen
8 17 (0.22%) Hyper-V
9 15 (0.19%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
10 11 (0.14%) OpenAM
10 11 (0.14%) OpenDJ
11 8 (0.10%) Oracle RAC
12 7 (0.090%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 6 (0.077%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.077%) Firmware
13 6 (0.077%) GridGain
13 6 (0.077%) LXC
13 6 (0.077%) NFS
13 6 (0.077%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 957 (12.24%) Kubernetes
2 559 (7.15%) Ansible
3 538 (6.88%) Terraform
4 358 (4.58%) Puppet
5 262 (3.35%) Opscode Chef
6 88 (1.13%) Grafana
7 62 (0.79%) Kibana
8 59 (0.75%) Prometheus
9 57 (0.73%) Nagios
10 51 (0.65%) Packer
11 49 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
12 38 (0.49%) Salt
13 30 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
14 28 (0.36%) SCCM
15 25 (0.32%) logstash
16 24 (0.31%) Amdocs OSS
16 24 (0.31%) Consul
17 23 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
17 23 (0.29%) Istio
18 21 (0.27%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,005 (12.85%) Oracle
2 433 (5.54%) Microsoft
3 399 (5.10%) Google
4 189 (2.42%) IBM
5 174 (2.23%) SAP
6 152 (1.94%) Red Hat
7 146 (1.87%) Salesforce.com
8 141 (1.80%) Splunk
9 134 (1.71%) MuleSoft
10 129 (1.65%) VMware
11 104 (1.33%) Sybase
11 104 (1.33%) webMethods
12 96 (1.23%) Adobe
13 91 (1.16%) Atlassian
14 80 (1.02%) Cloudera
15 68 (0.87%) hybris
16 57 (0.73%) BEA
17 56 (0.72%) Cisco
18 55 (0.70%) TIBCO
19 53 (0.68%) Hortonworks