Period
to 17 September 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
17 Sep 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 9 4
Rank change year-on-year +3 -5 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 4,223 10,542 14,463
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 14.01% 11.79% 14.15%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.25% 28.03% 31.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,212 7,167 10,268
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% -
10th Percentile £363 £381 £363
90th Percentile £750 £688 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £465 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -2.11% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 81 83 97
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% - +7.50%
10th Percentile £20.50 £27.50 £15.50
90th Percentile £61.25 £55.75 £74.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year -17.65% -1.16% +0.58%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 12,700 37,604 45,440
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.13% 42.05% 44.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,369 26,027 31,913
Median daily rate £488 £475 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +1.06% +4.44%
10th Percentile £313 £320 £313
90th Percentile £688 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £431 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +1.41% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 332 674 726
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.75 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.00% +5.42% +3.75%
10th Percentile £15.02 £20.25 £16.85
90th Percentile £54.62 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year -18.60% +2.38% +5.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java.

Daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 17 September 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 3,875 £525 - 1,353
London 0 2,619 £559 -2.87% 685
UK excluding London -3 1,365 £465 -2.11% 771
Work from Home 0 480 £495 -5.71% 242
North of England 0 366 £463 -2.12% 219
South East -4 269 £475 +2.70% 192
South West +1 234 £510 +1.90% 112
North West 0 184 £450 - 121
East of England +2 166 £500 +5.26% 68
Midlands 0 152 £405 -12.43% 70
Yorkshire +2 148 £475 - 64
Scotland -8 114 £425 -5.56% 74
West Midlands -2 99 £428 -7.71% 46
East Midlands +4 47 £396 -11.94% 24
Northern Ireland -2 41 £438 -7.89% 20
North East +4 34 £500 +5.26% 34
Wales -13 24 £469 -4.34% 16

For the 6 months to 17 September 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 2,018 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,389 (32.89%) AWS
3 1,212 (28.70%) Python
4 1,148 (27.18%) Finance
5 1,085 (25.69%) Microservices
6 1,031 (24.41%) DevOps
7 998 (23.63%) SQL
8 945 (22.38%) Spring
9 923 (21.86%) JavaScript
10 874 (20.70%) Web Services
11 841 (19.91%) Azure
12 840 (19.89%) Banking
13 792 (18.75%) Jenkins
14 772 (18.28%) Docker
15 765 (18.12%) Software Engineering
16 757 (17.93%) Test Automation
17 754 (17.85%) Kubernetes
18 734 (17.38%) TDD
19 702 (16.62%) Git (software)
20 624 (14.78%) Oracle
21 620 (14.68%) Linux
22 618 (14.63%) Security Cleared
23 617 (14.61%) Front Office
24 572 (13.54%) Java 8
25 566 (13.40%) Spring Boot
26 563 (13.33%) Scrum
27 546 (12.93%) AngularJS
28 544 (12.88%) REST
29 497 (11.77%) Fixed Income
30 483 (11.44%) React

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 254 (6.01%) Confluence
2 205 (4.85%) Apache
3 155 (3.67%) Apache Spark
4 130 (3.08%) WebLogic
5 123 (2.91%) Elasticsearch
6 117 (2.77%) Tomcat
7 115 (2.72%) Mule
8 87 (2.06%) Cloud Foundry
9 74 (1.75%) JBoss
9 74 (1.75%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 69 (1.63%) Red Hat Fuse
11 62 (1.47%) WebSphere
12 42 (0.99%) SharePoint
13 39 (0.92%) Oracle Service Bus
14 38 (0.90%) nginx
15 36 (0.85%) Apache Solr
16 34 (0.81%) CMS
17 25 (0.59%) IIS
18 20 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
19 17 (0.40%) Appian
Applications
1 35 (0.83%) Microsoft Excel
2 21 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
3 7 (0.17%) Chatbot
3 7 (0.17%) MS Visio
3 7 (0.17%) RoboHelp
4 6 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
4 6 (0.14%) Spreadsheet
5 4 (0.095%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 4 (0.095%) Photoshop
6 3 (0.071%) Windchill
7 2 (0.047%) InVision
7 2 (0.047%) LaTeX
7 2 (0.047%) Sketch
7 2 (0.047%) SPSS
8 1 (0.024%) Adobe Illustrator
8 1 (0.024%) Autodesk Inventor
8 1 (0.024%) CATIA
8 1 (0.024%) Figma
8 1 (0.024%) Maya
8 1 (0.024%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 18 (0.43%) ION MarketView
2 17 (0.40%) Oracle BPM
3 15 (0.36%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 14 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
5 12 (0.28%) Oracle EBS
6 10 (0.24%) SAP FI-CA
7 7 (0.17%) Teamcenter
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle Applications
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 6 (0.14%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
9 5 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
9 5 (0.12%) Magento
9 5 (0.12%) Maximo
9 5 (0.12%) Oracle ERP
9 5 (0.12%) Payment Gateway
9 5 (0.12%) SAP CRM
9 5 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
10 4 (0.095%) Oracle Receivables
10 4 (0.095%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,389 (32.89%) AWS
2 841 (19.91%) Azure
3 444 (10.51%) GCP
4 267 (6.32%) Serverless
5 233 (5.52%) AWS Lambda
6 172 (4.07%) Amazon S3
7 167 (3.95%) Amazon EC2
8 162 (3.84%) Amazon ECS
9 157 (3.72%) OpenShift
10 138 (3.27%) GitHub
11 118 (2.79%) AWS CloudFormation
12 111 (2.63%) Apigee
13 83 (1.97%) PaaS
14 76 (1.80%) Amazon SQS
15 71 (1.68%) SaaS
16 59 (1.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
16 59 (1.40%) IaaS
17 56 (1.33%) Slack
18 51 (1.21%) Power Platform
19 46 (1.09%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 113 (2.68%) HTTP
2 80 (1.89%) SSL
3 77 (1.82%) DNS
4 58 (1.37%) Firewall
5 44 (1.04%) TCP/IP
6 42 (0.99%) Internet
7 39 (0.92%) VPN
8 36 (0.85%) HTTPS
9 26 (0.62%) WAN
10 25 (0.59%) Wireless
11 24 (0.57%) DMZ
12 21 (0.50%) FTP
13 16 (0.38%) Kerberos
14 15 (0.36%) Intranet
15 14 (0.33%) Reverse Proxy
16 9 (0.21%) Ethernet
16 9 (0.21%) FIX Connectivity
16 9 (0.21%) Skype
17 8 (0.19%) SSH
18 6 (0.14%) WebEx
Database & Business Intelligence
1 382 (9.05%) SQL Server
2 342 (8.10%) MySQL
3 307 (7.27%) MongoDB
4 270 (6.39%) NoSQL
5 242 (5.73%) PostgreSQL
6 234 (5.54%) Relational Database
7 184 (4.36%) Big Data
8 154 (3.65%) Hadoop
9 140 (3.32%) Amazon Redshift
10 125 (2.96%) Oracle Database
11 116 (2.75%) Amazon RDS
12 101 (2.39%) Data Warehouse
13 94 (2.23%) RDBMS
14 68 (1.61%) Apache Cassandra
15 67 (1.59%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 51 (1.21%) Oracle Database 11g
17 45 (1.07%) Amazon Aurora
17 45 (1.07%) Power BI
18 43 (1.02%) Apache Hive
19 42 (0.99%) Redis
Development Applications
1 792 (18.75%) Jenkins
2 702 (16.62%) Git (software)
3 408 (9.66%) JIRA
3 408 (9.66%) Maven
4 276 (6.54%) Cucumber
5 274 (6.49%) Selenium
6 242 (5.73%) JUnit
7 233 (5.52%) GitLab
8 160 (3.79%) Artifactory
9 150 (3.55%) Gradle
10 145 (3.43%) Mockito
11 134 (3.17%) Subversion
12 99 (2.34%) JMeter
13 94 (2.23%) SoapUI
14 92 (2.18%) SonarQube
15 91 (2.15%) RStudio
16 89 (2.11%) Sonatype Nexus
17 87 (2.06%) Eclipse
18 71 (1.68%) TeamCity
19 70 (1.66%) Bitbucket
General
1 1,148 (27.18%) Finance
2 840 (19.89%) Banking
3 617 (14.61%) Front Office
4 435 (10.30%) Investment Banking
5 326 (7.72%) Public Sector
6 67 (1.59%) Marketing
6 67 (1.59%) Telecoms
7 58 (1.37%) Manufacturing
8 56 (1.33%) Back Office
9 48 (1.14%) Financial Institution
10 43 (1.02%) Electronics
11 37 (0.88%) Retail
12 28 (0.66%) Aerospace
12 28 (0.66%) Law
13 22 (0.52%) Games
14 19 (0.45%) Retail Banking
15 14 (0.33%) French Language
16 13 (0.31%) Advertising
16 13 (0.31%) Police
17 12 (0.28%) Military
Job Titles
1 2,478 (58.68%) Developer
2 1,465 (34.69%) Java Developer
3 360 (8.52%) Senior Developer
4 320 (7.58%) Software Engineer
5 293 (6.94%) AWS Developer
6 280 (6.63%) Java Engineer
7 278 (6.58%) Architect
8 266 (6.30%) AWS Engineer
9 247 (5.85%) Senior Java Developer
10 210 (4.97%) DevOps Engineer
11 184 (4.36%) Developer/Software Engineer
12 175 (4.14%) Python Developer
13 158 (3.74%) Full Stack Developer
14 129 (3.05%) JavaScript Developer
15 128 (3.03%) Java Software Engineer
16 115 (2.72%) Java Software Developer
17 114 (2.70%) Front Office Developer
18 113 (2.68%) Analyst
19 112 (2.65%) Python Engineer
20 109 (2.58%) AWS Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 945 (22.38%) Spring
2 874 (20.70%) Web Services
3 566 (13.40%) Spring Boot
4 546 (12.93%) AngularJS
5 544 (12.88%) REST
6 483 (11.44%) React
7 428 (10.13%) Node.js
8 385 (9.12%) HTML
9 325 (7.70%) SOAP
10 305 (7.22%) RESTful
11 302 (7.15%) XML
12 299 (7.08%) CSS
13 295 (6.99%) Kafka
14 293 (6.94%) .NET
15 269 (6.37%) J2EE
16 268 (6.35%) JSON
17 201 (4.76%) Middleware
18 180 (4.26%) Vue.js
19 166 (3.93%) HTML5
20 148 (3.50%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 497 (11.77%) Fixed Income
2 377 (8.93%) Derivative
3 352 (8.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 314 (7.44%) Hedge funds
5 313 (7.41%) Equities
6 204 (4.83%) Analytical Skills
7 165 (3.91%) Greenfield Project
8 163 (3.86%) User Experience
9 160 (3.79%) Mobile App
10 90 (2.13%) Algorithms
10 90 (2.13%) Enterprise Software
11 82 (1.94%) Data Structures
12 56 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
13 52 (1.23%) Linux Command Line
14 51 (1.21%) PKI
15 45 (1.07%) Cloud Native
16 44 (1.04%) Credit Derivative
17 43 (1.02%) Management Information System
18 41 (0.97%) Data Centre
19 39 (0.92%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 620 (14.68%) Linux
2 399 (9.45%) Unix
3 246 (5.83%) Windows
4 181 (4.29%) Android
5 94 (2.23%) Mac OS X
6 91 (2.15%) Apple iOS
7 51 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 48 (1.14%) Windows Server
9 25 (0.59%) CentOS
9 25 (0.59%) Windows Server 2016
10 17 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
11 13 (0.31%) Debian
12 12 (0.28%) AIX
12 12 (0.28%) Oracle Linux
13 10 (0.24%) SUSE
13 10 (0.24%) Ubuntu
14 5 (0.12%) Windows 10
14 5 (0.12%) zOS
15 4 (0.095%) Android TV
15 4 (0.095%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,018 (47.79%) Agile Software Development
2 1,085 (25.69%) Microservices
3 1,031 (24.41%) DevOps
4 765 (18.12%) Software Engineering
5 757 (17.93%) Test Automation
6 734 (17.38%) TDD
7 563 (13.33%) Scrum
8 479 (11.34%) BDD
9 418 (9.90%) Asset Management
10 391 (9.26%) Continuous Integration
11 338 (8.00%) Problem-Solving
12 311 (7.36%) Investment Management
13 261 (6.18%) OO
14 256 (6.06%) Multithreading
15 252 (5.97%) SDLC
16 227 (5.38%) Open Source
17 225 (5.33%) Pair Programming
18 220 (5.21%) Computer Science
19 218 (5.16%) Kanban
20 211 (5.00%) Analytics
Programming Languages
1 1,212 (28.70%) Python
2 998 (23.63%) SQL
3 923 (21.86%) JavaScript
4 572 (13.54%) Java 8
5 338 (8.00%) C#
6 291 (6.89%) Kotlin
7 272 (6.44%) Scala
8 236 (5.59%) C++
9 168 (3.98%) Bash Shell
10 154 (3.65%) Shell Script
11 143 (3.39%) PL/SQL
12 129 (3.05%) R
12 129 (3.05%) TypeScript
13 125 (2.96%) PowerShell
14 118 (2.79%) Perl
15 102 (2.42%) C
16 99 (2.34%) Ruby
17 96 (2.27%) Go
18 73 (1.73%) T-SQL
19 71 (1.68%) PHP
Qualifications
1 618 (14.63%) Security Cleared
2 471 (11.15%) SC Cleared
3 232 (5.49%) Degree
4 101 (2.39%) Computer Science Degree
5 96 (2.27%) DV Cleared
6 68 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
7 56 (1.33%) ISTQB
8 47 (1.11%) ISEB
8 47 (1.11%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 34 (0.81%) Sun Certification
10 29 (0.69%) DBS Check
11 20 (0.47%) CISSP
11 20 (0.47%) Master's Degree
12 16 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
13 15 (0.36%) AWS Certification
13 15 (0.36%) CCA
14 11 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (0.26%) PhD
15 10 (0.24%) TOGAF Certification
16 9 (0.21%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 252 (5.97%) QA
2 38 (0.90%) Data Quality
3 34 (0.81%) WCAG
4 26 (0.62%) GDPR
4 26 (0.62%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 18 (0.43%) SLA
6 14 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
7 13 (0.31%) HIPAA
8 9 (0.21%) Disclosure Scotland
8 9 (0.21%) PCI DSS
9 8 (0.19%) MiFID
10 7 (0.17%) PMO
11 6 (0.14%) NIST
11 6 (0.14%) PSD2
12 5 (0.12%) NCSC
13 4 (0.095%) ISO 9001
13 4 (0.095%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 3 (0.071%) ISO 20022
15 2 (0.047%) ISO/IEC 20000
15 2 (0.047%) SEPA
System Software
1 772 (18.28%) Docker
2 118 (2.79%) Active Directory
3 36 (0.85%) HDFS
4 32 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
5 27 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
6 20 (0.47%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 16 (0.38%) NFS
8 12 (0.28%) VMware ESXi
9 10 (0.24%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.24%) OpenAM
9 10 (0.24%) VMware Workstation
9 10 (0.24%) vSphere
10 8 (0.19%) NDS
11 5 (0.12%) GeoWebCache
11 5 (0.12%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 5 (0.12%) Postfix
12 4 (0.095%) OpenDJ
12 4 (0.095%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.071%) RACF
14 2 (0.047%) Samba
Systems Management
1 754 (17.85%) Kubernetes
2 342 (8.10%) Terraform
3 243 (5.75%) Ansible
4 122 (2.89%) Puppet
5 80 (1.89%) Opscode Chef
6 78 (1.85%) Prometheus
7 51 (1.21%) Kibana
8 39 (0.92%) Packer
9 36 (0.85%) Single Sign-On
10 33 (0.78%) Grafana
11 29 (0.69%) logstash
12 23 (0.54%) Nagios
13 22 (0.52%) Zipkin
14 13 (0.31%) Argo
15 12 (0.28%) Data Guard
15 12 (0.28%) Hadoop YARN
15 12 (0.28%) HP ALM
15 12 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
15 12 (0.28%) Salt
15 12 (0.28%) SCCM
Vendors
1 624 (14.78%) Oracle
2 301 (7.13%) Google
3 181 (4.29%) Microsoft
4 159 (3.77%) SAP
5 156 (3.69%) Splunk
6 100 (2.37%) MuleSoft
7 88 (2.08%) AppDynamics
8 87 (2.06%) IBM
9 73 (1.73%) Sybase
10 61 (1.44%) Red Hat
11 53 (1.26%) Cloudera
12 52 (1.23%) Salesforce.com
13 51 (1.21%) webMethods
14 49 (1.16%) VMware
15 45 (1.07%) Talend
16 44 (1.04%) Databricks
17 40 (0.95%) ION Trading
18 38 (0.90%) Informatica
19 36 (0.85%) BEA
19 36 (0.85%) WSO2