Period
to 21 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
21 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 13,627 12,109 12,978
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.62% 13.28% 12.16%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.42% 31.95% 31.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,584 8,407 9,109
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £360 £325 £313
90th Percentile £675 £648 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £443 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +4.12% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 105 133 167
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.50 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.41% +9.21% -5.00%
10th Percentile £15.32 £25.00 £12.25
90th Percentile £75.00 £63.50 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £38.00
% change year-on-year - +11.84% -5.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,376 37,894 41,037
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.36% 41.57% 38.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,259 25,965 28,102
UK median daily rate £460 £438 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.14% +4.17% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +3.85% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 776 815 934
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £38.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.89% +8.57%
10th Percentile £16.60 £17.00 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £54.45 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.25 £41.00 £38.05
% change year-on-year -1.83% +7.75% +8.71%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 21 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 21 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 12,493 £500 +4.17% 3,619
London 0 7,442 £550 +4.76% 1,737
UK excluding London 0 5,988 £443 +4.12% 2,131
South East +3 1,766 £450 - 563
North of England -1 1,616 £425 - 562
Yorkshire 0 763 £438 +4.17% 200
Scotland -3 698 £425 +13.33% 179
North West -1 695 £425 -2.86% 330
Midlands +2 658 £425 - 247
East of England -1 542 £475 +5.56% 287
South West -2 454 £450 +12.50% 222
West Midlands -2 357 £450 +1.12% 159
East Midlands +6 298 £420 - 88
North East -1 164 £400 +14.29% 32
Northern Ireland +2 133 £460 +11.52% 31
Wales -5 130 £425 - 40
Channel Islands -6 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 6,797 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 3,509 (25.75%) Spring
3 3,303 (24.24%) TDD
4 3,065 (22.49%) JavaScript
5 2,635 (19.34%) Jenkins
6 2,600 (19.08%) SQL
7 2,574 (18.89%) Finance
8 2,547 (18.69%) Test Automation
9 2,518 (18.48%) Git (software)
10 2,515 (18.46%) DevOps
11 2,477 (18.18%) Microservices
12 2,467 (18.10%) Linux
13 2,426 (17.80%) Amazon AWS
14 2,397 (17.59%) Scrum
15 2,306 (16.92%) Python
16 2,264 (16.61%) Java 8
17 2,214 (16.25%) Web Services
18 2,063 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
19 2,034 (14.93%) REST
20 1,883 (13.82%) BDD
21 1,823 (13.38%) Docker
22 1,765 (12.95%) HTML
23 1,742 (12.78%) Oracle
24 1,741 (12.78%) RESTful
25 1,696 (12.45%) Banking
26 1,612 (11.83%) Maven
27 1,524 (11.18%) AngularJS
28 1,474 (10.82%) OO
29 1,424 (10.45%) Spring Boot
30 1,420 (10.42%) Unix

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 779 (5.72%) Tomcat
2 755 (5.54%) Apache
3 731 (5.36%) Confluence
4 716 (5.25%) Apache Spark
5 604 (4.43%) WebSphere
6 489 (3.59%) Elasticsearch
7 477 (3.50%) JBoss
8 373 (2.74%) WebLogic
9 248 (1.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 227 (1.67%) Cloud Foundry
11 184 (1.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 176 (1.29%) Mule
13 174 (1.28%) CMS
14 146 (1.07%) Apache Solr
15 143 (1.05%) nginx
16 125 (0.92%) OpenStack
17 107 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
18 97 (0.71%) Jetty
19 91 (0.67%) Apache Pig
20 89 (0.65%) WildFly
Applications
1 100 (0.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (0.40%) Photoshop
3 45 (0.33%) Microsoft Office
3 45 (0.33%) MS Visio
4 27 (0.20%) GIMP
5 15 (0.11%) Adobe Illustrator
5 15 (0.11%) Chatbot
5 15 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.066%) CATIA
6 9 (0.066%) HipChat
6 9 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
6 9 (0.066%) Stata
7 6 (0.044%) Spreadsheet
8 5 (0.037%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.037%) OmniGraffle
9 4 (0.029%) SPSS
10 3 (0.022%) InVision
11 2 (0.015%) PTC Creo
11 2 (0.015%) Siemens NX
11 2 (0.015%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 84 (0.62%) ION MarketView
2 39 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
3 35 (0.26%) Magento
3 35 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
4 30 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 30 (0.22%) SAP Hybris
5 17 (0.12%) BusinessWorks
6 16 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
7 15 (0.11%) Distributed Ledger
8 12 (0.088%) Oracle ERP
9 11 (0.081%) Actimize
9 11 (0.081%) R3 Corda
10 10 (0.073%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
10 10 (0.073%) Maximo
10 10 (0.073%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 9 (0.066%) ENOVIA
12 8 (0.059%) BusinessWare
12 8 (0.059%) Oracle EBS R12
13 6 (0.044%) Kondor
13 6 (0.044%) Siebel CRM
Cloud Services
1 2,426 (17.80%) Amazon AWS
2 867 (6.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 425 (3.12%) GitHub
4 314 (2.30%) Amazon EC2
5 305 (2.24%) PaaS
6 284 (2.08%) Amazon S3
7 275 (2.02%) Google Cloud Platform
8 222 (1.63%) Serverless
9 188 (1.38%) AWS Lambda
10 187 (1.37%) OpenShift
11 139 (1.02%) IaaS
12 137 (1.01%) SaaS
13 129 (0.95%) Cloud Computing
14 116 (0.85%) npm
15 114 (0.84%) AWS CloudFormation
16 104 (0.76%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 103 (0.76%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 80 (0.59%) Slack
19 64 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
20 63 (0.46%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 519 (3.81%) HTTP
2 276 (2.03%) TCP/IP
3 190 (1.39%) SSL
4 162 (1.19%) DNS
5 132 (0.97%) Internet
6 114 (0.84%) FTP
7 96 (0.70%) SMS
8 95 (0.70%) Firewall
9 80 (0.59%) Kerberos
10 59 (0.43%) DHCP
11 52 (0.38%) IPsec
12 44 (0.32%) VPN
13 43 (0.32%) SSH
14 31 (0.23%) PuTTY
15 30 (0.22%) Network Security
16 28 (0.21%) SNMP
17 24 (0.18%) WinSCP
18 23 (0.17%) DSL
19 22 (0.16%) LAN
19 22 (0.16%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,248 (9.16%) NoSQL
2 1,077 (7.90%) Relational Database
3 1,056 (7.75%) Big Data
4 917 (6.73%) MongoDB
5 870 (6.38%) Hadoop
6 865 (6.35%) PostgreSQL
7 850 (6.24%) MySQL
8 782 (5.74%) SQL Server
9 435 (3.19%) Apache Cassandra
10 413 (3.03%) RDBMS
11 355 (2.61%) HBase
12 351 (2.58%) Oracle Database
13 330 (2.42%) Apache Hive
14 216 (1.59%) Data Warehouse
15 206 (1.51%) Redis
16 181 (1.33%) DB2
17 170 (1.25%) Amazon RDS
18 158 (1.16%) Amazon Redshift
19 138 (1.01%) Oracle Database 11g
20 126 (0.92%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2,635 (19.34%) Jenkins
2 2,518 (18.48%) Git (software)
3 1,612 (11.83%) Maven
4 1,320 (9.69%) JIRA
5 1,256 (9.22%) Selenium
6 1,067 (7.83%) JUnit
7 1,040 (7.63%) Cucumber
8 504 (3.70%) Gradle
9 498 (3.65%) Subversion
10 487 (3.57%) Mockito
11 407 (2.99%) Eclipse
12 292 (2.14%) WebDriver
13 286 (2.10%) SoapUI
14 271 (1.99%) SonarQube
15 255 (1.87%) TeamCity
16 253 (1.86%) Ant
17 231 (1.70%) Sonatype Nexus
18 224 (1.64%) IntelliJ
19 223 (1.64%) Bitbucket
20 198 (1.45%) JMeter
General
1 2,574 (18.89%) Finance
2 1,696 (12.45%) Banking
3 700 (5.14%) Front Office
4 478 (3.51%) Investment Banking
5 470 (3.45%) Retail
6 285 (2.09%) Telecoms
7 218 (1.60%) Marketing
8 206 (1.51%) Games
9 141 (1.03%) Manufacturing
10 130 (0.95%) Financial Institution
11 118 (0.87%) Electronics
12 106 (0.78%) Advertising
13 102 (0.75%) Publishing
14 99 (0.73%) Law
15 90 (0.66%) Back Office
16 76 (0.56%) Retail Banking
17 66 (0.48%) Legal
18 40 (0.29%) Automotive
19 30 (0.22%) Pharmaceutical
20 19 (0.14%) Military
Job Titles
1 8,141 (59.74%) Developer
2 5,398 (39.61%) Java Developer
3 1,340 (9.83%) Senior Developer
4 1,021 (7.49%) Senior Java Developer
5 956 (7.02%) Architect
6 751 (5.51%) DevOps Engineer
7 676 (4.96%) Java Engineer
8 560 (4.11%) Analyst
9 510 (3.74%) Software Engineer
10 459 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
11 397 (2.91%) Tester
12 353 (2.59%) Lead Developer
13 349 (2.56%) Solutions Architect
14 324 (2.38%) Agile Developer
15 322 (2.36%) AWS Engineer
16 296 (2.17%) JavaScript Developer
17 284 (2.08%) Consultant
18 279 (2.05%) Test Analyst
19 276 (2.03%) Android Developer
19 276 (2.03%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,509 (25.75%) Spring
2 2,214 (16.25%) Web Services
3 2,034 (14.93%) REST
4 1,765 (12.95%) HTML
5 1,741 (12.78%) RESTful
6 1,524 (11.18%) AngularJS
7 1,424 (10.45%) Spring Boot
8 1,392 (10.22%) Hibernate
9 1,377 (10.10%) Node.js
10 1,304 (9.57%) CSS
11 1,244 (9.13%) XML
12 1,195 (8.77%) J2EE
13 1,151 (8.45%) JSON
14 1,134 (8.32%) SOAP
15 1,023 (7.51%) Kafka
16 865 (6.35%) React
17 852 (6.25%) .NET
18 779 (5.72%) HTML5
19 553 (4.06%) Java EE
20 546 (4.01%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 781 (5.73%) Greenfield Project
2 702 (5.15%) Analytical Skills
3 523 (3.84%) User Experience
4 517 (3.79%) Computer Science
5 444 (3.26%) Mobile App
6 431 (3.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 317 (2.33%) Fintech
8 307 (2.25%) Algorithms
9 282 (2.07%) Enterprise Software
10 265 (1.94%) Derivative
11 236 (1.73%) Self-Motivation
12 233 (1.71%) Data Structures
13 230 (1.69%) Fixed Income
14 205 (1.50%) Equities
15 189 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
16 138 (1.01%) Public Cloud
17 131 (0.96%) Data Centre
18 130 (0.95%) Virtual Team
19 105 (0.77%) Hedge funds
20 98 (0.72%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,467 (18.10%) Linux
2 1,420 (10.42%) Unix
3 643 (4.72%) Android
4 633 (4.65%) Windows
5 370 (2.72%) Apple iOS
6 343 (2.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 147 (1.08%) CentOS
8 133 (0.98%) Windows Server
9 117 (0.86%) Mac OS X
10 107 (0.79%) Ubuntu
11 66 (0.48%) Solaris
12 61 (0.45%) AIX
13 48 (0.35%) VMS
14 46 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
15 30 (0.22%) Debian
16 23 (0.17%) Windows Server 2008
17 22 (0.16%) Mac OS
18 20 (0.15%) HPUX
19 19 (0.14%) Windows 7
20 14 (0.10%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 6,797 (49.88%) Agile Software Development
2 3,303 (24.24%) TDD
3 2,547 (18.69%) Test Automation
4 2,515 (18.46%) DevOps
5 2,477 (18.18%) Microservices
6 2,397 (17.59%) Scrum
7 2,063 (15.14%) Continuous Integration
8 1,883 (13.82%) BDD
9 1,474 (10.82%) OO
10 1,320 (9.69%) Software Engineering
11 1,177 (8.64%) Open Source
12 1,049 (7.70%) Problem-Solving
13 957 (7.02%) Kanban
14 894 (6.56%) E-Commerce
15 750 (5.50%) Multithreading
16 749 (5.50%) SOA
17 746 (5.47%) MVC
18 744 (5.46%) SDLC
19 701 (5.14%) Continuous Delivery
20 672 (4.93%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,065 (22.49%) JavaScript
2 2,600 (19.08%) SQL
3 2,306 (16.92%) Python
4 2,264 (16.61%) Java 8
5 1,247 (9.15%) Scala
6 1,072 (7.87%) C#
7 826 (6.06%) Ruby
8 755 (5.54%) C++
9 508 (3.73%) Perl
10 498 (3.65%) Bash Shell
11 494 (3.63%) Groovy
12 405 (2.97%) Shell Script
13 402 (2.95%) PHP
14 347 (2.55%) C
15 333 (2.44%) PL/SQL
16 275 (2.02%) Go
17 215 (1.58%) Kotlin
18 201 (1.48%) TypeScript
19 180 (1.32%) ES6
20 166 (1.22%) R
Qualifications
1 1,127 (8.27%) Security Cleared
2 835 (6.13%) SC Cleared
3 775 (5.69%) Degree
4 241 (1.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 146 (1.07%) ISEB
6 145 (1.06%) DV Cleared
7 134 (0.98%) ISTQB
8 108 (0.79%) BPSS Clearance
9 79 (0.58%) Numerate Degree
10 69 (0.51%) Master's Degree
11 63 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 46 (0.34%) PhD
13 44 (0.32%) AWS Certification
14 32 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
15 31 (0.23%) TOGAF Certification
16 20 (0.15%) Sun Certification
17 18 (0.13%) CISSP
17 18 (0.13%) DBS Check
18 15 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
19 12 (0.088%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 762 (5.59%) QA
2 95 (0.70%) GCP
3 78 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 66 (0.48%) GDPR
5 63 (0.46%) SLA
6 56 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
7 34 (0.25%) PMO
8 33 (0.24%) PCI DSS
9 24 (0.18%) MiFID
10 21 (0.15%) PSD2
11 20 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 16 (0.12%) EMIR
13 13 (0.095%) Dodd-Frank
13 13 (0.095%) SEPA
14 11 (0.081%) WCAG
15 10 (0.073%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 8 (0.059%) GAAP
17 7 (0.051%) HIPAA
17 7 (0.051%) ISO 9001
18 6 (0.044%) HL7
System Software
1 1,823 (13.38%) Docker
2 223 (1.64%) HDFS
3 157 (1.15%) VMware Infrastructure
4 142 (1.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 119 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
6 105 (0.77%) Active Directory
7 79 (0.58%) Apache Flume
8 74 (0.54%) vSphere
9 30 (0.22%) Xen
10 20 (0.15%) OpenAM
11 17 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 15 (0.11%) VirtualBox
13 14 (0.10%) Hyper-V
13 14 (0.10%) KVM
14 11 (0.081%) etcd
14 11 (0.081%) Oracle RAC
14 11 (0.081%) Varnish
14 11 (0.081%) vCloud
15 9 (0.066%) Firmware
15 9 (0.066%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 990 (7.26%) Ansible
2 859 (6.30%) Puppet
3 718 (5.27%) Kubernetes
4 602 (4.42%) Opscode Chef
5 558 (4.09%) Terraform
6 165 (1.21%) Kibana
7 150 (1.10%) Hadoop YARN
8 123 (0.90%) Nagios
9 106 (0.78%) Grafana
9 106 (0.78%) logstash
10 105 (0.77%) Mesos
11 96 (0.70%) Oozie
12 93 (0.68%) Salt
13 91 (0.67%) Packer
14 88 (0.65%) Consul
15 74 (0.54%) HP ALM
16 70 (0.51%) ZABBIX
17 59 (0.43%) Docker Swarm
18 53 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
19 52 (0.38%) Rancher
Vendors
1 1,742 (12.78%) Oracle
2 455 (3.34%) Microsoft
3 445 (3.27%) Google
4 438 (3.21%) IBM
5 351 (2.58%) Red Hat
6 272 (2.00%) Splunk
7 238 (1.75%) Adobe
8 225 (1.65%) VMware
9 222 (1.63%) Atlassian
10 221 (1.62%) SAP
11 178 (1.31%) MuleSoft
12 171 (1.25%) hybris
13 168 (1.23%) TIBCO
14 162 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
15 158 (1.16%) Sybase
16 142 (1.04%) Cloudera
17 129 (0.95%) webMethods
18 126 (0.92%) HP
19 124 (0.91%) AppDynamics
19 124 (0.91%) Hortonworks