Period
to 20 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 13044 13534 11557
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.64% 12.48% 10.25%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.45% 31.80% 27.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 9070 9514 7721
UK median daily rate £489 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.69% - +5.88%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 137 158 215
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £36.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +15.28% -10.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £26.25 £11.28 £21.25
90th Percentile £63.75 £48.75 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.06% -10.00% +14.29%

Java is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 40196 42556 42491
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.03% 39.23% 37.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 27630 29250 28266
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +1.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 769 911 906
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +4.48%
10th Percentile £16.00 £13.50 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +5.88%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 20 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 11962 £500 +7.53% 1944
London +1 7354 £525 +5.00% 1041
UK excluding London +1 5503 £425 - 1032
South East -1 1555 £450 - 247
North of England 0 1417 £425 - 298
North West -1 660 £438 +4.17% 168
Yorkshire -1 632 £425 - 109
Scotland +2 583 £400 +10.34% 99
Midlands -7 562 £425 - 116
South West -1 535 £413 +3.13% 109
East of England -1 484 £450 +5.88% 129
West Midlands -13 281 £425 - 59
East Midlands +2 275 £425 - 57
Northern Ireland +18 263 £413 -2.94% 13
North East +10 126 £350 - 21
Wales -2 103 £375 -6.25% 19
Channel Islands +4 8 - -

For the 6 months to 20 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Java.

1 6474 (49.63%) Agile Software Development
2 3312 (25.39%) Spring
3 3144 (24.10%) TDD
4 3099 (23.76%) JavaScript
5 2985 (22.88%) SQL
6 2916 (22.36%) Finance
7 2701 (20.71%) Linux
8 2287 (17.53%) HTML
9 2229 (17.09%) Scrum
10 2204 (16.90%) Banking
11 2191 (16.80%) Jenkins
12 2170 (16.64%) Python
13 2164 (16.59%) Git (software)
14 2130 (16.33%) Web Services
15 2072 (15.88%) Test Automation
16 2060 (15.79%) DevOps
17 2028 (15.55%) Continuous Integration
18 2024 (15.52%) Oracle
19 1893 (14.51%) REST
20 1814 (13.91%) Microservices
21 1776 (13.62%) CSS
22 1617 (12.40%) Unix
23 1614 (12.37%) Amazon AWS
24 1592 (12.20%) BDD
25 1490 (11.42%) XML
26 1473 (11.29%) AngularJS
27 1451 (11.12%) RESTful
28 1329 (10.19%) OO
29 1323 (10.14%) Maven
30 1314 (10.07%) Docker

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 758 (5.81%) Tomcat
2 736 (5.64%) Apache
3 709 (5.44%) Apache Spark
4 642 (4.92%) WebSphere
5 627 (4.81%) Confluence
6 608 (4.66%) JBoss
7 415 (3.18%) Elasticsearch
8 359 (2.75%) WebLogic
9 214 (1.64%) Cloud Foundry
10 210 (1.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 205 (1.57%) Apache Solr
12 180 (1.38%) CMS
13 155 (1.19%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 154 (1.18%) Mule
15 143 (1.10%) nginx
16 136 (1.04%) WebSphere Application Server
17 130 (1.00%) OpenStack
18 125 (0.96%) IIS
19 102 (0.78%) Apache Pig
20 69 (0.53%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 74 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 46 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.23%) Photoshop
4 25 (0.19%) MS Visio
5 17 (0.13%) OmniGraffle
5 17 (0.13%) Simulink
6 14 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 12 (0.092%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 10 (0.077%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.077%) Spreadsheet
9 8 (0.061%) Microsoft Project
10 7 (0.054%) HipChat
11 6 (0.046%) Chatbot
11 6 (0.046%) SPSS
12 4 (0.031%) SmartSuite
13 3 (0.023%) Pipeline Pilot
14 2 (0.015%) Mingle
15 1 (0.008%) Acrobat
15 1 (0.008%) AutoCAD
15 1 (0.008%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 104 (0.80%) ION MarketView
2 38 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
3 35 (0.27%) Magento
4 32 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
4 32 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 29 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
6 28 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 18 (0.14%) RMDS
8 16 (0.12%) Actimize
9 15 (0.11%) Dynamics CRM
10 14 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
11 13 (0.100%) Pega PRPC
11 13 (0.100%) R3 Corda
12 12 (0.092%) BusinessWorks
12 12 (0.092%) Endur
12 12 (0.092%) Oracle Utilities
13 11 (0.084%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
13 11 (0.084%) Oracle Retail
14 10 (0.077%) Maximo
14 10 (0.077%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 1614 (12.37%) Amazon AWS
2 448 (3.43%) Microsoft Azure
3 360 (2.76%) GitHub
4 266 (2.04%) PaaS
5 188 (1.44%) OpenShift
6 180 (1.38%) Amazon EC2
7 166 (1.27%) Cloud Computing
8 134 (1.03%) IaaS
9 125 (0.96%) SaaS
10 116 (0.89%) Amazon S3
11 107 (0.82%) AWS CloudFormation
12 104 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
13 65 (0.50%) Heroku
14 61 (0.47%) Amazon SQS
15 50 (0.38%) IBM Cloud
16 49 (0.38%) Bluemix
17 48 (0.37%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 44 (0.34%) AWS Lambda
19 40 (0.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 36 (0.28%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 522 (4.00%) HTTP
2 274 (2.10%) Internet
3 256 (1.96%) TCP/IP
4 209 (1.60%) LDAP
5 186 (1.43%) SSL
6 174 (1.33%) Firewall
7 150 (1.15%) DNS
8 109 (0.84%) Kerberos
9 60 (0.46%) Network Security
10 59 (0.45%) HTTPS
11 49 (0.38%) SSH
12 45 (0.34%) FTP
12 45 (0.34%) IPsec
13 44 (0.34%) SMS
14 42 (0.32%) LAN
15 37 (0.28%) WAN
16 36 (0.28%) Intranet
17 31 (0.24%) DHCP
18 30 (0.23%) VPN
19 28 (0.21%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1078 (8.26%) MongoDB
2 1062 (8.14%) NoSQL
3 1060 (8.13%) Big Data
4 1052 (8.07%) Relational Database
5 972 (7.45%) Hadoop
6 757 (5.80%) MySQL
7 729 (5.59%) SQL Server
8 683 (5.24%) PostgreSQL
9 446 (3.42%) Apache Cassandra
10 400 (3.07%) RDBMS
11 389 (2.98%) HBase
12 378 (2.90%) Oracle Database
13 337 (2.58%) Apache Hive
14 210 (1.61%) Redis
15 206 (1.58%) DB2
16 174 (1.33%) Data Warehouse
17 122 (0.94%) Impala
18 98 (0.75%) KDB
19 95 (0.73%) Sqoop
20 93 (0.71%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 2191 (16.80%) Jenkins
2 2164 (16.59%) Git (software)
3 1323 (10.14%) Maven
4 1302 (9.98%) JIRA
5 1093 (8.38%) JUnit
6 1034 (7.93%) Selenium
7 919 (7.05%) Cucumber
8 613 (4.70%) Subversion
9 426 (3.27%) Gradle
10 420 (3.22%) Eclipse
11 409 (3.14%) Mockito
12 380 (2.91%) IntelliJ
13 349 (2.68%) WebDriver
14 323 (2.48%) TeamCity
15 316 (2.42%) Ant
16 247 (1.89%) Sonatype Nexus
17 213 (1.63%) SoapUI
18 211 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 185 (1.42%) Bitbucket
20 180 (1.38%) Grunt
General
1 2916 (22.36%) Finance
2 2204 (16.90%) Banking
3 942 (7.22%) Front Office
4 785 (6.02%) Investment Banking
5 473 (3.63%) Retail
6 351 (2.69%) Telecoms
7 333 (2.55%) Marketing
8 208 (1.59%) Manufacturing
9 188 (1.44%) Games
10 184 (1.41%) Financial Institution
11 178 (1.36%) Electronics
12 101 (0.77%) Back Office
13 82 (0.63%) Publishing
14 71 (0.54%) Advertising
15 64 (0.49%) Legal
16 61 (0.47%) Billing
17 52 (0.40%) Retail Banking
18 40 (0.31%) Automotive
19 35 (0.27%) French Language
19 35 (0.27%) Law
Job Titles
1 8210 (62.94%) Developer
2 5399 (41.39%) Java Developer
3 1296 (9.94%) Senior Developer
4 924 (7.08%) Senior Java Developer
5 824 (6.32%) Architect
6 667 (5.11%) DevOps Engineer
7 560 (4.29%) Agile Developer
8 542 (4.16%) Analyst
9 489 (3.75%) Java Engineer
10 468 (3.59%) Agile Java Developer
11 463 (3.55%) Scala Developer
12 458 (3.51%) JavaScript Developer
13 418 (3.20%) Full Stack Developer
14 364 (2.79%) Tester
15 344 (2.64%) Consultant
16 327 (2.51%) Angular Developer
17 325 (2.49%) Software Engineer
18 311 (2.38%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
19 296 (2.27%) Android Developer
20 268 (2.05%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3312 (25.39%) Spring
2 2287 (17.53%) HTML
3 2130 (16.33%) Web Services
4 1893 (14.51%) REST
5 1776 (13.62%) CSS
6 1490 (11.42%) XML
7 1473 (11.29%) AngularJS
8 1451 (11.12%) RESTful
9 1308 (10.03%) Hibernate
10 1204 (9.23%) J2EE
11 1161 (8.90%) JSON
12 1112 (8.52%) HTML5
13 1105 (8.47%) Node.js
14 1050 (8.05%) SOAP
15 882 (6.76%) Spring Boot
16 861 (6.60%) .NET
17 635 (4.87%) Kafka
18 633 (4.85%) React
19 613 (4.70%) Java EE
20 567 (4.35%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 832 (6.38%) Analytical Skills
2 666 (5.11%) Greenfield Project
3 566 (4.34%) Computer Science
3 566 (4.34%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 454 (3.48%) User Experience
5 409 (3.14%) Equities
6 370 (2.84%) Mobile App
7 356 (2.73%) Fixed Income
8 341 (2.61%) Derivative
9 304 (2.33%) Data Structures
10 268 (2.05%) Algorithms
11 251 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
12 180 (1.38%) Virtual Team
13 170 (1.30%) Fintech
14 143 (1.10%) Linux Command Line
15 140 (1.07%) Client/Server
16 129 (0.99%) Market Risk
17 127 (0.97%) Management Information System
18 119 (0.91%) Equity Derivative
19 93 (0.71%) iPad
Operating Systems
1 2701 (20.71%) Linux
2 1617 (12.40%) Unix
3 747 (5.73%) Windows
4 508 (3.89%) Android
5 394 (3.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 251 (1.92%) Apple iOS
7 202 (1.55%) CentOS
8 153 (1.17%) Solaris
9 150 (1.15%) Mac OS X
10 116 (0.89%) Windows Server
11 89 (0.68%) Ubuntu
12 61 (0.47%) Windows Server 2012
13 60 (0.46%) AIX
14 41 (0.31%) Mac OS
15 34 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
16 28 (0.21%) Windows 7
17 27 (0.21%) HPUX
18 24 (0.18%) Debian
19 16 (0.12%) VMS
20 13 (0.100%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 6474 (49.63%) Agile Software Development
2 3144 (24.10%) TDD
3 2229 (17.09%) Scrum
4 2072 (15.88%) Test Automation
5 2060 (15.79%) DevOps
6 2028 (15.55%) Continuous Integration
7 1814 (13.91%) Microservices
8 1592 (12.20%) BDD
9 1329 (10.19%) OO
10 1255 (9.62%) Open Source
11 1121 (8.59%) Software Engineering
12 886 (6.79%) SDLC
13 877 (6.72%) MVC
14 781 (5.99%) Multithreading
15 758 (5.81%) Kanban
16 741 (5.68%) E-Commerce
17 717 (5.50%) Unit Testing
18 699 (5.36%) SOA
19 651 (4.99%) Web Development
20 623 (4.78%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3099 (23.76%) JavaScript
2 2985 (22.88%) SQL
3 2170 (16.64%) Python
4 1281 (9.82%) Scala
5 1107 (8.49%) C#
6 892 (6.84%) Ruby
7 723 (5.54%) C++
8 542 (4.16%) Perl
9 492 (3.77%) Bash Shell
10 447 (3.43%) Shell Script
11 403 (3.09%) Groovy
12 390 (2.99%) PL/SQL
13 318 (2.44%) PHP
14 313 (2.40%) C
15 279 (2.14%) Go
16 192 (1.47%) PowerShell
17 138 (1.06%) ES6
18 113 (0.87%) TypeScript
19 109 (0.84%) R
20 100 (0.77%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 895 (6.86%) Security Cleared
2 694 (5.32%) Degree
3 646 (4.95%) SC Cleared
4 194 (1.49%) Computer Science Degree
5 109 (0.84%) ISEB
6 100 (0.77%) ISTQB
7 96 (0.74%) DV Cleared
8 77 (0.59%) CISSP
9 73 (0.56%) BPSS Clearance
10 48 (0.37%) PhD
11 44 (0.34%) Master's Degree
12 43 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
13 40 (0.31%) RHCE
14 35 (0.27%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
15 31 (0.24%) RHCSA
16 27 (0.21%) CEH
17 25 (0.19%) SANS
18 22 (0.17%) Sun Certification
19 21 (0.16%) AWS Certification
20 17 (0.13%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 732 (5.61%) QA
2 160 (1.23%) MiFID
3 78 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
4 50 (0.38%) Data Quality
5 46 (0.35%) SLA
6 28 (0.21%) PCI DSS
7 27 (0.21%) Dodd-Frank
8 22 (0.17%) EMIR
9 16 (0.12%) HL7
10 14 (0.11%) WCAG
11 13 (0.100%) GDPR
12 11 (0.084%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 9 (0.069%) SEPA
14 8 (0.061%) Actionable Recommendations
15 7 (0.054%) GCP
16 6 (0.046%) Def Stans
16 6 (0.046%) FedRAMP
16 6 (0.046%) MISRA
16 6 (0.046%) MISRA C
16 6 (0.046%) PMO
System Software
1 1314 (10.07%) Docker
2 230 (1.76%) HDFS
3 149 (1.14%) Active Directory
4 125 (0.96%) Apache Flume
5 113 (0.87%) VMware Infrastructure
6 112 (0.86%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 107 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
8 29 (0.22%) vSphere
9 26 (0.20%) Xen
10 24 (0.18%) OpenAM
11 21 (0.16%) vCloud
12 20 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
13 17 (0.13%) Postfix
13 17 (0.13%) Squid
14 15 (0.11%) NFS
15 14 (0.11%) OpenDJ
15 14 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
16 12 (0.092%) LXC
16 12 (0.092%) Virtual Servers
17 10 (0.077%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 911 (6.98%) Ansible
2 892 (6.84%) Puppet
3 555 (4.25%) Opscode Chef
4 459 (3.52%) Kubernetes
5 298 (2.28%) Terraform
6 152 (1.17%) logstash
7 144 (1.10%) Kibana
8 109 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
9 91 (0.70%) Grafana
10 90 (0.69%) Nagios
11 88 (0.67%) Oozie
12 65 (0.50%) Mesos
13 63 (0.48%) ZABBIX
14 60 (0.46%) Salt
15 47 (0.36%) Packer
16 39 (0.30%) HP Quality Center
17 38 (0.29%) Consul
17 38 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
17 38 (0.29%) Rancher
18 37 (0.28%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2024 (15.52%) Oracle
2 512 (3.93%) IBM
3 409 (3.14%) Microsoft
4 375 (2.87%) Red Hat
5 322 (2.47%) Google
6 317 (2.43%) Sybase
7 310 (2.38%) SAP
8 236 (1.81%) TIBCO
9 229 (1.76%) VMware
10 214 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
11 205 (1.57%) Splunk
12 191 (1.46%) Adobe
13 160 (1.23%) hybris
14 156 (1.20%) HP
15 153 (1.17%) Atlassian
16 152 (1.17%) Cloudera
16 152 (1.17%) ION Trading
17 117 (0.90%) MuleSoft
18 116 (0.89%) AppDynamics
19 94 (0.72%) ATG