Period
to 17 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 14,029 12,123 12,115
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.95% 12.63% 11.22%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.21% 31.09% 29.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,160 8,438 8,383
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
10th Percentile £350 £320 £313
90th Percentile £673 £638 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 108 156 182
UK median hourly rate £41.15 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.88% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £21.25 £18.75 £27.00
90th Percentile £62.88 £52.09 £57.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.75 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.38% - +6.67%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,245 38,997 41,610
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.99% 40.64% 38.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,685 26,813 28,304
UK median daily rate £455 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.06% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £310 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.26% +1.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 771 866 1,059
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +14.98%
10th Percentile £16.75 £14.93 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.29
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +11.94%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 12,829 £500 +5.26% 3,680
London +1 8,038 £550 +4.76% 1,763
UK excluding London +1 5,830 £438 +2.94% 2,159
South East +3 1,814 £475 +5.56% 553
North of England +3 1,314 £425 +1.19% 556
Scotland 0 684 £400 +6.67% 163
Yorkshire 0 647 £425 -3.41% 189
Midlands -1 618 £420 -1.18% 264
North West +1 583 £425 +1.19% 320
East of England -3 548 £450 +5.88% 308
South West +1 514 £450 +11.11% 233
West Midlands -4 341 £400 -5.88% 139
East Midlands +4 269 £425 +1.19% 124
Northern Ireland +2 191 £440 +7.32% 35
Wales -4 187 £475 +5.56% 47
North East -7 99 £425 +21.43% 47
Channel Islands +1 4 - -

For the 6 months to 17 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,024 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 3,514 (25.05%) Spring
3 3,336 (23.78%) TDD
4 3,215 (22.92%) JavaScript
5 3,052 (21.75%) SQL
6 2,958 (21.08%) Finance
7 2,693 (19.20%) Linux
8 2,565 (18.28%) Jenkins
9 2,555 (18.21%) Test Automation
10 2,540 (18.11%) Git (software)
11 2,521 (17.97%) Web Services
12 2,420 (17.25%) DevOps
13 2,369 (16.89%) Python
14 2,299 (16.39%) Scrum
15 2,290 (16.32%) Continuous Integration
16 2,279 (16.24%) Amazon AWS
17 2,175 (15.50%) Microservices
18 2,152 (15.34%) REST
19 2,117 (15.09%) Banking
20 1,965 (14.01%) BDD
21 1,920 (13.69%) HTML
22 1,888 (13.46%) Oracle
23 1,788 (12.75%) Docker
24 1,765 (12.58%) RESTful
25 1,751 (12.48%) Maven
26 1,644 (11.72%) Unix
27 1,588 (11.32%) AngularJS
28 1,466 (10.45%) CSS
29 1,461 (10.41%) Hibernate
30 1,393 (9.93%) OO

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 865 (6.17%) Tomcat
2 753 (5.37%) Confluence
3 682 (4.86%) Apache Spark
4 663 (4.73%) Apache
5 592 (4.22%) WebSphere
6 590 (4.21%) JBoss
7 449 (3.20%) Elasticsearch
8 358 (2.55%) WebLogic
9 249 (1.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 216 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 184 (1.31%) CMS
12 180 (1.28%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 180 (1.28%) Mule
13 158 (1.13%) nginx
14 157 (1.12%) OpenStack
15 146 (1.04%) Apache Solr
16 117 (0.83%) WildFly
17 116 (0.83%) WebSphere Application Server
18 87 (0.62%) IIS
18 87 (0.62%) Jetty
Applications
1 111 (0.79%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (0.43%) Microsoft Office
3 46 (0.33%) MS Visio
4 18 (0.13%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.11%) Photoshop
6 14 (0.100%) HipChat
7 13 (0.093%) Spreadsheet
7 13 (0.093%) SPSS
8 11 (0.078%) Microsoft Project
9 8 (0.057%) Chatbot
10 7 (0.050%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 7 (0.050%) GIMP
10 7 (0.050%) OmniGraffle
10 7 (0.050%) Pipeline Pilot
11 3 (0.021%) SmartSuite
11 3 (0.021%) Stata
12 2 (0.014%) Adobe Illustrator
12 2 (0.014%) Mingle
13 1 (0.007%) Doxygen
13 1 (0.007%) InfoPath
Business Applications
1 85 (0.61%) Payment Gateway
2 68 (0.48%) Oracle BPM
3 67 (0.48%) ION MarketView
4 45 (0.32%) SAP Hybris
5 38 (0.27%) Magento
6 34 (0.24%) Dynamics CRM
7 19 (0.14%) BusinessWorks
7 19 (0.14%) Salesforce.com CRM
8 15 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
9 12 (0.086%) Kondor
10 11 (0.078%) Actimize
11 9 (0.064%) Oracle Cash Management
12 8 (0.057%) Distributed Ledger
12 8 (0.057%) Markit EDM
12 8 (0.057%) SAP Oil and Gas
13 7 (0.050%) BusinessWare
13 7 (0.050%) Remedy ITSM
14 6 (0.043%) Oracle Applications
14 6 (0.043%) Oracle ERP
14 6 (0.043%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 2,279 (16.24%) Amazon AWS
2 680 (4.85%) Microsoft Azure
3 416 (2.97%) GitHub
4 342 (2.44%) PaaS
5 309 (2.20%) Amazon EC2
6 278 (1.98%) Amazon S3
7 264 (1.88%) Serverless
8 202 (1.44%) Google Cloud Platform
9 181 (1.29%) AWS Lambda
10 179 (1.28%) OpenShift
11 147 (1.05%) IaaS
12 134 (0.96%) AWS CloudFormation
12 134 (0.96%) SaaS
13 128 (0.91%) npm
14 99 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
15 96 (0.68%) Amazon SQS
15 96 (0.68%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 84 (0.60%) Slack
17 77 (0.55%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 67 (0.48%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 549 (3.91%) HTTP
2 322 (2.30%) TCP/IP
3 241 (1.72%) Internet
4 194 (1.38%) SSL
5 178 (1.27%) Firewall
6 144 (1.03%) DNS
7 110 (0.78%) FTP
8 84 (0.60%) SMS
9 83 (0.59%) Kerberos
10 56 (0.40%) Network Security
10 56 (0.40%) VPN
11 50 (0.36%) DHCP
12 43 (0.31%) BIG-IP
13 41 (0.29%) LAN
14 35 (0.25%) IPsec
15 33 (0.24%) SSH
16 30 (0.21%) FIX Connectivity
16 30 (0.21%) HTTPS
17 28 (0.20%) AMQP
17 28 (0.20%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,342 (9.57%) NoSQL
2 1,146 (8.17%) Relational Database
3 985 (7.02%) MongoDB
4 975 (6.95%) Big Data
5 878 (6.26%) Hadoop
6 855 (6.09%) PostgreSQL
7 832 (5.93%) MySQL
8 813 (5.80%) SQL Server
9 542 (3.86%) RDBMS
10 412 (2.94%) Apache Cassandra
11 394 (2.81%) Oracle Database
12 307 (2.19%) HBase
13 298 (2.12%) Apache Hive
14 261 (1.86%) DB2
15 227 (1.62%) Redis
16 166 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
17 147 (1.05%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 133 (0.95%) Amazon RDS
19 111 (0.79%) Oracle Database 11g
20 94 (0.67%) KDB
Development Applications
1 2,565 (18.28%) Jenkins
2 2,540 (18.11%) Git (software)
3 1,751 (12.48%) Maven
4 1,351 (9.63%) JIRA
5 1,259 (8.97%) JUnit
6 1,193 (8.50%) Selenium
7 1,078 (7.68%) Cucumber
8 606 (4.32%) Subversion
9 586 (4.18%) Mockito
10 530 (3.78%) Gradle
11 445 (3.17%) Eclipse
12 367 (2.62%) Ant
13 357 (2.54%) TeamCity
14 344 (2.45%) WebDriver
15 296 (2.11%) SonarQube
16 273 (1.95%) IntelliJ
17 263 (1.87%) SoapUI
18 234 (1.67%) Sonatype Nexus
19 221 (1.58%) Bitbucket
20 210 (1.50%) JMeter
General
1 2,958 (21.08%) Finance
2 2,117 (15.09%) Banking
3 783 (5.58%) Front Office
4 699 (4.98%) Investment Banking
5 452 (3.22%) Retail
6 261 (1.86%) Games
7 257 (1.83%) Telecoms
8 251 (1.79%) Marketing
9 142 (1.01%) Manufacturing
10 131 (0.93%) Retail Banking
11 130 (0.93%) Financial Institution
12 123 (0.88%) Publishing
13 105 (0.75%) Electronics
14 104 (0.74%) Law
15 76 (0.54%) Back Office
16 70 (0.50%) Advertising
17 46 (0.33%) Legal
18 39 (0.28%) Automotive
19 22 (0.16%) Pharmaceutical
20 16 (0.11%) French Language
Job Titles
1 8,504 (60.62%) Developer
2 5,783 (41.22%) Java Developer
3 1,456 (10.38%) Senior Developer
4 1,132 (8.07%) Senior Java Developer
5 948 (6.76%) Architect
6 839 (5.98%) DevOps Engineer
7 620 (4.42%) Java Engineer
8 586 (4.18%) Analyst
9 493 (3.51%) Full Stack Developer
10 486 (3.46%) Agile Developer
11 440 (3.14%) Software Engineer
12 403 (2.87%) Agile Java Developer
13 391 (2.79%) Tester
14 381 (2.72%) Consultant
15 344 (2.45%) JavaScript Developer
16 331 (2.36%) AWS Engineer
17 323 (2.30%) Scala Developer
18 302 (2.15%) Test Analyst
19 301 (2.15%) Lead Developer
20 292 (2.08%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,514 (25.05%) Spring
2 2,521 (17.97%) Web Services
3 2,152 (15.34%) REST
4 1,920 (13.69%) HTML
5 1,765 (12.58%) RESTful
6 1,588 (11.32%) AngularJS
7 1,466 (10.45%) CSS
8 1,461 (10.41%) Hibernate
9 1,391 (9.92%) Node.js
10 1,338 (9.54%) XML
11 1,235 (8.80%) J2EE
12 1,231 (8.77%) JSON
13 1,226 (8.74%) Spring Boot
14 1,180 (8.41%) SOAP
15 921 (6.56%) HTML5
16 901 (6.42%) .NET
17 821 (5.85%) Kafka
18 819 (5.84%) React
19 691 (4.93%) JMS
20 639 (4.55%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 783 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
2 755 (5.38%) Greenfield Project
3 563 (4.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 531 (3.79%) Computer Science
5 465 (3.31%) User Experience
6 416 (2.97%) Mobile App
7 342 (2.44%) Enterprise Software
8 325 (2.32%) Algorithms
9 320 (2.28%) Data Structures
10 272 (1.94%) Derivative
11 254 (1.81%) Fintech
12 252 (1.80%) Fixed Income
13 245 (1.75%) Equities
14 213 (1.52%) Linux Command Line
15 195 (1.39%) Virtual Team
16 139 (0.99%) Public Cloud
17 100 (0.71%) Equity Derivative
17 100 (0.71%) iPad
18 88 (0.63%) Data Centre
19 85 (0.61%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 2,693 (19.20%) Linux
2 1,644 (11.72%) Unix
3 615 (4.38%) Windows
4 581 (4.14%) Android
5 452 (3.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 332 (2.37%) Apple iOS
7 172 (1.23%) Mac OS X
8 151 (1.08%) CentOS
9 111 (0.79%) Windows Server
10 91 (0.65%) Solaris
11 78 (0.56%) VMS
12 69 (0.49%) Ubuntu
13 68 (0.48%) AIX
14 53 (0.38%) Windows 7
15 38 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
16 30 (0.21%) CoreOS
17 22 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
18 20 (0.14%) Windows 10
19 19 (0.14%) HPUX
20 18 (0.13%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,024 (50.07%) Agile Software Development
2 3,336 (23.78%) TDD
3 2,555 (18.21%) Test Automation
4 2,420 (17.25%) DevOps
5 2,299 (16.39%) Scrum
6 2,290 (16.32%) Continuous Integration
7 2,175 (15.50%) Microservices
8 1,965 (14.01%) BDD
9 1,393 (9.93%) OO
10 1,319 (9.40%) Software Engineering
11 1,228 (8.75%) Open Source
12 964 (6.87%) Kanban
13 912 (6.50%) E-Commerce
14 839 (5.98%) Multithreading
15 826 (5.89%) MVC
16 824 (5.87%) SDLC
17 817 (5.82%) SOA
18 793 (5.65%) Continuous Delivery
19 730 (5.20%) Unit Testing
20 682 (4.86%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 3,215 (22.92%) JavaScript
2 3,052 (21.75%) SQL
3 2,369 (16.89%) Python
4 1,242 (8.85%) Scala
5 1,177 (8.39%) C#
6 853 (6.08%) Ruby
7 708 (5.05%) C++
8 532 (3.79%) Bash Shell
9 486 (3.46%) Perl
10 485 (3.46%) Groovy
11 402 (2.87%) PL/SQL
12 384 (2.74%) Shell Script
13 368 (2.62%) PHP
14 311 (2.22%) C
15 230 (1.64%) Go
16 173 (1.23%) ES6
17 168 (1.20%) TypeScript
18 165 (1.18%) R
19 139 (0.99%) Kotlin
20 137 (0.98%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 1,134 (8.08%) Security Cleared
2 760 (5.42%) SC Cleared
3 744 (5.30%) Degree
4 250 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 156 (1.11%) DV Cleared
6 114 (0.81%) BPSS Clearance
7 98 (0.70%) ISTQB
8 94 (0.67%) ISEB
9 93 (0.66%) Numerate Degree
10 75 (0.53%) PhD
11 44 (0.31%) Master's Degree
12 37 (0.26%) Sun Certification
13 31 (0.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 27 (0.19%) CISSP
15 23 (0.16%) AWS Certification
16 20 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
16 20 (0.14%) Microsoft Certification
17 17 (0.12%) ISEB Practitioner
17 17 (0.12%) MCSE
18 16 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 885 (6.31%) QA
2 88 (0.63%) MiFID
3 74 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
4 62 (0.44%) GDPR
5 61 (0.43%) PCI DSS
6 48 (0.34%) SLA
7 45 (0.32%) GCP
8 40 (0.29%) Data Quality
9 31 (0.22%) WCAG
10 26 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 20 (0.14%) EMIR
11 20 (0.14%) PSD2
12 17 (0.12%) SEPA
13 15 (0.11%) HL7
14 14 (0.100%) Dodd-Frank
15 12 (0.086%) RosettaNet
16 10 (0.071%) PMO
17 9 (0.064%) CESG Infosec
17 9 (0.064%) HMG Security Policy Framework
17 9 (0.064%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 1,788 (12.75%) Docker
2 231 (1.65%) HDFS
3 153 (1.09%) Active Directory
4 124 (0.88%) VMware Infrastructure
5 120 (0.86%) Apache Flume
6 108 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 103 (0.73%) Virtual Machines
8 56 (0.40%) vSphere
9 25 (0.18%) Firmware
10 23 (0.16%) vCloud
11 18 (0.13%) Virtual Servers
12 16 (0.11%) Varnish
12 16 (0.11%) Xen
13 15 (0.11%) etcd
14 13 (0.093%) Squid
14 13 (0.093%) VirtualBox
15 12 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
16 11 (0.078%) Postfix
17 10 (0.071%) NFS
18 9 (0.064%) OpenAM
Systems Management
1 1,119 (7.98%) Ansible
2 1,039 (7.41%) Puppet
3 709 (5.05%) Opscode Chef
4 630 (4.49%) Kubernetes
5 425 (3.03%) Terraform
6 182 (1.30%) Kibana
7 161 (1.15%) logstash
8 142 (1.01%) Grafana
9 126 (0.90%) Hadoop YARN
10 121 (0.86%) Oozie
11 90 (0.64%) Mesos
12 71 (0.51%) Docker Swarm
13 62 (0.44%) Consul
13 62 (0.44%) Nagios
14 60 (0.43%) HP Quality Center
15 59 (0.42%) Packer
16 56 (0.40%) ZABBIX
17 53 (0.38%) Salt
18 50 (0.36%) Rancher
19 45 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 1,888 (13.46%) Oracle
2 466 (3.32%) IBM
3 418 (2.98%) Microsoft
4 388 (2.77%) Red Hat
5 357 (2.54%) Google
6 323 (2.30%) Splunk
7 245 (1.75%) Sybase
8 234 (1.67%) Atlassian
9 217 (1.55%) TIBCO
10 216 (1.54%) SAP
11 203 (1.45%) Adobe
12 202 (1.44%) VMware
13 192 (1.37%) Salesforce.com
14 180 (1.28%) HP
15 166 (1.18%) AppDynamics
16 157 (1.12%) MuleSoft
17 156 (1.11%) hybris
18 133 (0.95%) Cloudera
19 118 (0.84%) Hortonworks
20 109 (0.78%) webMethods