Period
to 22 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 9,062 14,941 14,488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.03% 14.39% 14.05%
As % of the Programming Languages category 26.63% 32.22% 33.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,136 10,383 10,365
UK median daily rate £525 £510 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +2.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £381 £363 £350
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 106 138
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £43.75 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.57% +9.38% +3.90%
10th Percentile £21.25 £24.23 £26.08
90th Percentile £53.61 £59.17 £60.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £43.25 £41.15
% change year-on-year -7.51% +5.10% +10.47%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 34,032 46,376 43,216
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.41% 44.68% 41.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,466 32,686 30,204
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £318 £308
90th Percentile £650 £640 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 695 682 801
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.57 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.24% +3.93% +6.67%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.69 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +5.96%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 22 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 8,229 £538 +2.38% 2,789
London 0 4,926 £575 +4.55% 1,418
UK excluding London -3 3,950 £475 +5.56% 1,586
North of England -3 956 £475 +5.56% 410
South East -12 955 £475 - 362
South West +1 630 £500 +11.11% 209
Scotland -4 505 £450 +5.88% 142
North West -10 478 £475 +5.56% 199
Midlands -14 406 £475 +9.20% 211
Yorkshire -2 390 £475 +5.56% 164
East of England -7 290 £475 -6.86% 180
West Midlands -11 285 £475 +5.56% 118
East Midlands -17 115 £450 +5.88% 93
Wales -7 108 £450 +0.06% 52
Northern Ireland +1 95 £450 +5.88% 22
North East -10 88 £474 +14.85% 47
Channel Islands -1 8 - -

For the 6 months to 22 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 4,439 (48.98%) Agile Software Development
2 2,206 (24.34%) Python
3 2,141 (23.63%) Microservices
4 2,123 (23.43%) AWS
5 2,071 (22.85%) JavaScript
6 2,008 (22.16%) Spring
7 1,855 (20.47%) Finance
8 1,844 (20.35%) DevOps
9 1,817 (20.05%) SQL
10 1,759 (19.41%) TDD
11 1,638 (18.08%) Docker
12 1,487 (16.41%) Jenkins
13 1,391 (15.35%) Linux
14 1,362 (15.03%) Git (software)
15 1,343 (14.82%) Test Automation
16 1,330 (14.68%) Scrum
17 1,275 (14.07%) Web Services
18 1,191 (13.14%) Software Engineering
19 1,152 (12.71%) Java 8
20 1,122 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
21 1,121 (12.37%) Banking
22 1,104 (12.18%) AngularJS
23 1,101 (12.15%) Oracle
24 1,046 (11.54%) Security Cleared
25 1,037 (11.44%) Azure
26 1,022 (11.28%) Spring Boot
27 1,018 (11.23%) REST
28 1,011 (11.16%) Kubernetes
29 1,005 (11.09%) HTML
30 987 (10.89%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 506 (5.58%) Confluence
2 400 (4.41%) Apache
3 359 (3.96%) Apache Spark
4 282 (3.11%) Tomcat
5 219 (2.42%) JBoss
6 214 (2.36%) WebLogic
7 206 (2.27%) WebSphere
8 203 (2.24%) Elasticsearch
9 104 (1.15%) CMS
10 99 (1.09%) nginx
11 82 (0.90%) Cloud Foundry
12 81 (0.89%) IIS
13 72 (0.79%) Jetty
14 69 (0.76%) SharePoint
15 65 (0.72%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 60 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 45 (0.50%) OpenStack
18 40 (0.44%) Mule
19 38 (0.42%) Apache Solr
20 35 (0.39%) MQSeries
Applications
1 76 (0.84%) Photoshop
2 40 (0.44%) Microsoft Excel
3 28 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 26 (0.29%) GIMP
5 21 (0.23%) Sketch
6 18 (0.20%) Adobe Illustrator
7 17 (0.19%) Microsoft Project
8 9 (0.099%) MS Visio
9 8 (0.088%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 8 (0.088%) Windchill
10 7 (0.077%) Acrobat
10 7 (0.077%) Zeplin
11 4 (0.044%) InDesign
12 3 (0.033%) InVision
13 2 (0.022%) Chatbot
14 1 (0.011%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 1 (0.011%) Adobe Premiere
14 1 (0.011%) FileZilla
14 1 (0.011%) Notepad++
14 1 (0.011%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 91 (1.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.50%) FINCAD Analytics
3 43 (0.47%) Oracle EBS
4 40 (0.44%) Magento
5 25 (0.28%) Siebel CRM
6 22 (0.24%) ION MarketView
7 19 (0.21%) Oracle BPM
8 16 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
8 16 (0.18%) Sonata
9 13 (0.14%) Distributed Ledger
9 13 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
9 13 (0.14%) Shopify
10 12 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
11 11 (0.12%) assyst
11 11 (0.12%) CSG Singleview
12 10 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
13 9 (0.099%) Oracle Cash Management
13 9 (0.099%) Payment Gateway
14 8 (0.088%) Oracle AML
14 8 (0.088%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 2,123 (23.43%) AWS
2 1,037 (11.44%) Azure
3 541 (5.97%) GCP
4 474 (5.23%) Serverless
5 414 (4.57%) GitHub
6 329 (3.63%) AWS Lambda
7 284 (3.13%) Amazon EC2
7 284 (3.13%) Amazon S3
8 228 (2.52%) OpenShift
9 210 (2.32%) Amazon SQS
10 192 (2.12%) AWS CloudFormation
11 169 (1.86%) PaaS
12 138 (1.52%) SaaS
13 113 (1.25%) Power Platform
14 101 (1.11%) Amazon ECS
14 101 (1.11%) Cloud Computing
15 83 (0.92%) IaaS
16 78 (0.86%) npm
17 71 (0.78%) Amazon Kinesis
18 61 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 242 (2.67%) HTTP
2 204 (2.25%) TCP/IP
3 128 (1.41%) SSL
4 112 (1.24%) DNS
5 109 (1.20%) Internet
6 95 (1.05%) Firewall
7 80 (0.88%) FTP
8 58 (0.64%) DHCP
9 43 (0.47%) IPsec
10 33 (0.36%) Ethernet
10 33 (0.36%) SSH
11 26 (0.29%) Multicast
12 25 (0.28%) HTTPS
13 21 (0.23%) Kerberos
14 20 (0.22%) WAN
15 17 (0.19%) VPN
16 16 (0.18%) SAN
17 14 (0.15%) Cisco ASA
18 13 (0.14%) Skype
19 12 (0.13%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 577 (6.37%) NoSQL
2 525 (5.79%) PostgreSQL
3 521 (5.75%) Big Data
4 520 (5.74%) MongoDB
5 504 (5.56%) Relational Database
6 454 (5.01%) SQL Server
7 432 (4.77%) Hadoop
8 396 (4.37%) MySQL
9 255 (2.81%) Oracle Database
10 227 (2.50%) RDBMS
11 219 (2.42%) Amazon RDS
12 188 (2.07%) Apache Cassandra
13 154 (1.70%) Amazon DynamoDB
14 138 (1.52%) Apache Hive
14 138 (1.52%) Data Warehouse
15 136 (1.50%) Amazon Redshift
16 132 (1.46%) DB2
17 116 (1.28%) HBase
18 109 (1.20%) Power BI
19 99 (1.09%) Amazon Athena
Development Applications
1 1,487 (16.41%) Jenkins
2 1,362 (15.03%) Git (software)
3 869 (9.59%) JIRA
4 767 (8.46%) Maven
5 699 (7.71%) Selenium
6 628 (6.93%) Cucumber
6 628 (6.93%) JUnit
7 317 (3.50%) Mockito
8 271 (2.99%) Gradle
9 212 (2.34%) Eclipse
9 212 (2.34%) Subversion
10 211 (2.33%) SonarQube
11 210 (2.32%) Bitbucket
12 201 (2.22%) GitLab
13 192 (2.12%) TeamCity
14 164 (1.81%) JMeter
15 153 (1.69%) Sonatype Nexus
16 151 (1.67%) Artifactory
17 150 (1.66%) WebDriver
18 140 (1.54%) Ant
General
1 1,855 (20.47%) Finance
2 1,121 (12.37%) Banking
3 614 (6.78%) Front Office
4 524 (5.78%) Public Sector
5 362 (3.99%) Investment Banking
6 229 (2.53%) Retail
7 153 (1.69%) Telecoms
8 149 (1.64%) Marketing
9 122 (1.35%) Games
10 89 (0.98%) Manufacturing
11 67 (0.74%) Law
12 58 (0.64%) Electronics
13 57 (0.63%) Advertising
14 55 (0.61%) Retail Banking
15 53 (0.58%) Financial Institution
15 53 (0.58%) Legal
16 47 (0.52%) Aerospace
17 44 (0.49%) Publishing
18 40 (0.44%) Military
19 31 (0.34%) Billing
Job Titles
1 5,100 (56.28%) Developer
2 2,892 (31.91%) Java Developer
3 772 (8.52%) Senior Developer
4 647 (7.14%) Architect
5 533 (5.88%) DevOps Engineer
6 503 (5.55%) Full Stack Developer
7 490 (5.41%) Java Engineer
8 486 (5.36%) Senior Java Developer
9 479 (5.29%) Software Engineer
10 320 (3.53%) React Developer
11 308 (3.40%) AWS Engineer
12 293 (3.23%) AWS Developer
13 277 (3.06%) Analyst
14 246 (2.71%) Angular Developer
15 241 (2.66%) Tester
16 234 (2.58%) Consultant
17 229 (2.53%) Data Engineer
18 219 (2.42%) Python Developer
19 214 (2.36%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 211 (2.33%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,008 (22.16%) Spring
2 1,275 (14.07%) Web Services
3 1,104 (12.18%) AngularJS
4 1,022 (11.28%) Spring Boot
5 1,018 (11.23%) REST
6 1,005 (11.09%) HTML
7 987 (10.89%) Node.js
8 904 (9.98%) RESTful
9 863 (9.52%) React
10 828 (9.14%) CSS
11 753 (8.31%) .NET
12 699 (7.71%) Kafka
13 647 (7.14%) JSON
14 627 (6.92%) XML
15 606 (6.69%) J2EE
16 574 (6.33%) SOAP
17 546 (6.03%) Hibernate
18 382 (4.22%) HTML5
19 242 (2.67%) RabbitMQ
20 211 (2.33%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 597 (6.59%) Greenfield Project
2 377 (4.16%) Analytical Skills
3 351 (3.87%) User Experience
4 349 (3.85%) Derivative
5 316 (3.49%) Fixed Income
6 296 (3.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 235 (2.59%) Enterprise Software
8 219 (2.42%) Mobile App
9 201 (2.22%) Equities
10 196 (2.16%) Algorithms
11 180 (1.99%) Data Structures
12 147 (1.62%) Public Cloud
13 123 (1.36%) Self-Motivation
14 118 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
15 104 (1.15%) Equity Derivative
16 100 (1.10%) Cloud Native
17 96 (1.06%) Virtual Team
18 80 (0.88%) Management Information System
19 71 (0.78%) Data Centre
20 66 (0.73%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,391 (15.35%) Linux
2 714 (7.88%) Unix
3 438 (4.83%) Windows
4 381 (4.20%) Android
5 191 (2.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 155 (1.71%) Apple iOS
7 102 (1.13%) Ubuntu
8 96 (1.06%) CentOS
9 85 (0.94%) Windows Server
10 65 (0.72%) Mac OS X
11 48 (0.53%) Mac OS
12 41 (0.45%) Debian
13 36 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 34 (0.38%) AIX
15 27 (0.30%) Solaris
16 19 (0.21%) VMS
17 18 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
18 16 (0.18%) Windows XP
19 15 (0.17%) Windows 8
20 13 (0.14%) openSUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,439 (48.98%) Agile Software Development
2 2,141 (23.63%) Microservices
3 1,844 (20.35%) DevOps
4 1,759 (19.41%) TDD
5 1,343 (14.82%) Test Automation
6 1,330 (14.68%) Scrum
7 1,191 (13.14%) Software Engineering
8 1,122 (12.38%) Continuous Integration
9 926 (10.22%) BDD
10 675 (7.45%) Open Source
11 631 (6.96%) OO
12 616 (6.80%) Problem-Solving
13 582 (6.42%) Kanban
14 565 (6.23%) Unit Testing
15 501 (5.53%) Analytics
16 433 (4.78%) Mentoring
17 429 (4.73%) SDLC
18 388 (4.28%) Fintech
19 386 (4.26%) Computer Science
19 386 (4.26%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,206 (24.34%) Python
2 2,071 (22.85%) JavaScript
3 1,817 (20.05%) SQL
4 1,152 (12.71%) Java 8
5 930 (10.26%) C#
6 712 (7.86%) C++
7 642 (7.08%) Scala
8 441 (4.87%) Ruby
9 346 (3.82%) Kotlin
10 307 (3.39%) Bash Shell
11 297 (3.28%) PL/SQL
12 280 (3.09%) TypeScript
13 256 (2.82%) Go
14 254 (2.80%) C
15 251 (2.77%) Shell Script
16 242 (2.67%) PHP
17 199 (2.20%) Groovy
18 198 (2.18%) PowerShell
19 196 (2.16%) Perl
20 178 (1.96%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,046 (11.54%) Security Cleared
2 745 (8.22%) SC Cleared
3 524 (5.78%) Degree
4 189 (2.09%) DV Cleared
5 159 (1.75%) Computer Science Degree
6 115 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
7 113 (1.25%) ISTQB
8 102 (1.13%) ISEB
9 84 (0.93%) AWS Certification
10 48 (0.53%) Master's Degree
11 46 (0.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 46 (0.51%) PhD
12 42 (0.46%) Microsoft Certification
13 40 (0.44%) DBS Check
14 30 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
15 23 (0.25%) Numerate Degree
16 20 (0.22%) CISSP
17 19 (0.21%) MCSA
18 17 (0.19%) CCNA
19 16 (0.18%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 429 (4.73%) QA
2 33 (0.36%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 31 (0.34%) GDPR
4 25 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 25 (0.28%) SLA
5 23 (0.25%) PCI DSS
6 22 (0.24%) COBIT
7 20 (0.22%) PSD2
8 19 (0.21%) NIST
9 18 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
10 14 (0.15%) MiFID
11 13 (0.14%) WCAG
12 9 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 8 (0.088%) PMO
13 8 (0.088%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 7 (0.077%) SEPA
15 6 (0.066%) HL7
15 6 (0.066%) JSP 440
16 5 (0.055%) EMIR
16 5 (0.055%) HMG Infosec
System Software
1 1,638 (18.08%) Docker
2 106 (1.17%) VMware Infrastructure
3 77 (0.85%) Active Directory
4 60 (0.66%) HDFS
5 53 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
6 48 (0.53%) vSphere
7 41 (0.45%) Postfix
8 33 (0.36%) Xen
9 22 (0.24%) Hyper-V
10 17 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 15 (0.17%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
12 14 (0.15%) VMware ESXi
13 8 (0.088%) Apache Flume
14 7 (0.077%) Firmware
14 7 (0.077%) VirtualBox
15 6 (0.066%) NFS
16 5 (0.055%) GridGain
16 5 (0.055%) LXC
16 5 (0.055%) OpenAM
16 5 (0.055%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 1,011 (11.16%) Kubernetes
2 709 (7.82%) Ansible
3 605 (6.68%) Terraform
4 400 (4.41%) Puppet
5 273 (3.01%) Opscode Chef
6 106 (1.17%) Grafana
7 71 (0.78%) Prometheus
8 68 (0.75%) Kibana
9 52 (0.57%) Nagios
9 52 (0.57%) Packer
10 48 (0.53%) Hadoop YARN
11 47 (0.52%) Salt
12 33 (0.36%) Amdocs OSS
13 30 (0.33%) HP Quality Center
13 30 (0.33%) Single Sign-On
14 28 (0.31%) logstash
15 26 (0.29%) Consul
16 25 (0.28%) Nessus
17 24 (0.26%) Istio
18 23 (0.25%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,101 (12.15%) Oracle
2 467 (5.15%) Google
3 451 (4.98%) Microsoft
4 240 (2.65%) IBM
5 197 (2.17%) Red Hat
6 176 (1.94%) Splunk
7 160 (1.77%) SAP
8 159 (1.75%) VMware
9 153 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
10 152 (1.68%) MuleSoft
11 124 (1.37%) Atlassian
12 123 (1.36%) Sybase
13 113 (1.25%) Adobe
14 92 (1.02%) webMethods
15 88 (0.97%) Cloudera
16 66 (0.73%) Cisco
17 64 (0.71%) Informatica
17 64 (0.71%) TIBCO
18 63 (0.70%) hybris
19 60 (0.66%) Bloomberg