Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 15,058 14,428 13,331
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.43% 14.01% 12.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.33% 33.34% 31.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,499 10,270 9,314
UK median daily rate £505 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +3.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 99 137 144
UK median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +8.75% +3.90% -3.75%
10th Percentile £25.51 £26.08 £12.25
90th Percentile £60.87 £60.00 £52.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £37.14
% change year-on-year +2.38% +13.10% -7.16%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,581 43,272 42,622
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.64% 42.00% 40.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,786 30,209 29,231
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £308 £281
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +2.04%
Number of hourly rates quoted 698 804 888
UK median hourly rate £41.57 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +6.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £16.90 £16.25 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.27 £40.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.36% +8.00% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,707 £520 +4.00% 3,963
London 0 8,106 £550 +1.85% 1,908
UK excluding London 0 6,751 £450 +5.88% 2,351
South East -1 1,897 £475 - 639
North of England -1 1,533 £445 +4.71% 559
Midlands +12 894 £430 +1.18% 264
Scotland +2 859 £425 +6.25% 188
North West +1 782 £450 +5.88% 316
East of England +2 666 £510 +13.33% 311
Yorkshire -1 595 £450 +5.88% 166
South West -3 584 £450 +6.51% 284
West Midlands +15 579 £450 +5.88% 163
East Midlands +10 305 £425 - 100
Wales +1 245 £438 -2.78% 64
North East +8 164 £413 +3.13% 77
Northern Ireland 0 103 £425 +1.19% 46
Channel Islands -5 4 - -

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,740 (51.40%) Agile Software Development
2 4,215 (27.99%) Spring
3 3,645 (24.21%) TDD
4 3,437 (22.83%) JavaScript
5 3,351 (22.25%) Microservices
6 3,115 (20.69%) Jenkins
7 3,001 (19.93%) DevOps
8 2,993 (19.88%) Amazon AWS
9 2,941 (19.53%) Test Automation
10 2,817 (18.71%) SQL
11 2,790 (18.53%) Java 8
12 2,738 (18.18%) Finance
13 2,737 (18.18%) Git (software)
14 2,659 (17.66%) Docker
15 2,460 (16.34%) Scrum
16 2,445 (16.24%) Python
17 2,359 (15.67%) Linux
18 2,331 (15.48%) Continuous Integration
19 2,249 (14.94%) Web Services
20 2,240 (14.88%) BDD
21 2,239 (14.87%) REST
22 2,148 (14.26%) Oracle
23 2,092 (13.89%) Spring Boot
24 2,028 (13.47%) Maven
25 1,974 (13.11%) HTML
26 1,848 (12.27%) RESTful
27 1,779 (11.81%) Banking
28 1,693 (11.24%) AngularJS
29 1,637 (10.87%) JIRA
30 1,620 (10.76%) Selenium

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 922 (6.12%) Confluence
2 818 (5.43%) Tomcat
3 721 (4.79%) Apache
4 655 (4.35%) Apache Spark
5 637 (4.23%) WebLogic
6 591 (3.92%) WebSphere
7 535 (3.55%) Elasticsearch
8 494 (3.28%) JBoss
9 242 (1.61%) OpenStack
10 236 (1.57%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 233 (1.55%) Mule
12 204 (1.35%) Cloud Foundry
13 202 (1.34%) nginx
14 173 (1.15%) CMS
15 168 (1.12%) Jetty
16 136 (0.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 128 (0.85%) IIS
18 112 (0.74%) Apache Solr
19 111 (0.74%) WildFly
20 103 (0.68%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 104 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 52 (0.35%) Photoshop
3 45 (0.30%) Microsoft Office
4 30 (0.20%) MS Visio
5 27 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 21 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
7 17 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 14 (0.093%) GIMP
9 13 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
9 13 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
10 11 (0.073%) Fireworks
11 9 (0.060%) CATIA
11 9 (0.060%) SPSS
12 4 (0.027%) Adobe Creative Suite
12 4 (0.027%) InVision
12 4 (0.027%) Windchill
13 3 (0.020%) AutoCAD
13 3 (0.020%) HipChat
14 2 (0.013%) 3ds Max
14 2 (0.013%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 46 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
2 45 (0.30%) SAP Hybris
3 44 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
4 43 (0.29%) ION MarketView
5 31 (0.21%) Maximo
6 24 (0.16%) Oracle EBS
6 24 (0.16%) Oracle EBS R12
7 22 (0.15%) Actimize
8 17 (0.11%) Endur
9 16 (0.11%) Dynamics AX
10 12 (0.080%) BusinessWorks
10 12 (0.080%) Oracle Financials
11 11 (0.073%) Oracle Applications
11 11 (0.073%) Remedy ITSM
11 11 (0.073%) SAP PSCD
12 10 (0.066%) Payment Gateway
13 9 (0.060%) AquaLogic BPM
13 9 (0.060%) Magento
13 9 (0.060%) SAP ERP
13 9 (0.060%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 2,993 (19.88%) Amazon AWS
2 1,194 (7.93%) Microsoft Azure
3 538 (3.57%) GitHub
4 379 (2.52%) Google Cloud Platform
5 351 (2.33%) Amazon EC2
6 305 (2.03%) Serverless
7 267 (1.77%) PaaS
8 254 (1.69%) Amazon S3
9 234 (1.55%) AWS Lambda
10 197 (1.31%) OpenShift
11 181 (1.20%) AWS CloudFormation
12 151 (1.00%) SaaS
13 143 (0.95%) npm
14 134 (0.89%) IaaS
15 130 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
16 103 (0.68%) Apigee
17 101 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 94 (0.62%) BrowserStack
19 84 (0.56%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 82 (0.54%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 541 (3.59%) HTTP
2 281 (1.87%) TCP/IP
3 242 (1.61%) SSL
4 161 (1.07%) DNS
5 124 (0.82%) Internet
6 117 (0.78%) Firewall
7 105 (0.70%) Kerberos
8 98 (0.65%) FTP
9 58 (0.39%) DHCP
10 53 (0.35%) IPsec
11 51 (0.34%) AMQP
12 48 (0.32%) SSH
12 48 (0.32%) VPN
13 38 (0.25%) Wireless
14 36 (0.24%) Ethernet
14 36 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 34 (0.23%) SNMP
16 33 (0.22%) Network Security
17 31 (0.21%) SMS
18 30 (0.20%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,425 (9.46%) NoSQL
2 1,185 (7.87%) MongoDB
3 1,072 (7.12%) Relational Database
4 1,000 (6.64%) PostgreSQL
5 945 (6.28%) MySQL
6 934 (6.20%) Big Data
7 879 (5.84%) Hadoop
8 732 (4.86%) SQL Server
9 531 (3.53%) Apache Cassandra
10 441 (2.93%) RDBMS
11 353 (2.34%) Oracle Database
12 306 (2.03%) HBase
13 304 (2.02%) Apache Hive
14 215 (1.43%) Redis
15 186 (1.24%) Data Warehouse
16 163 (1.08%) DB2
17 148 (0.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 142 (0.94%) Couchbase
19 111 (0.74%) Oracle Database 11g
20 110 (0.73%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 3,115 (20.69%) Jenkins
2 2,737 (18.18%) Git (software)
3 2,028 (13.47%) Maven
4 1,637 (10.87%) JIRA
5 1,620 (10.76%) Selenium
6 1,364 (9.06%) Cucumber
7 1,242 (8.25%) JUnit
8 638 (4.24%) Gradle
9 517 (3.43%) Subversion
10 440 (2.92%) Mockito
10 440 (2.92%) WebDriver
11 415 (2.76%) Eclipse
12 397 (2.64%) SoapUI
13 394 (2.62%) JMeter
14 370 (2.46%) Bitbucket
15 336 (2.23%) SonarQube
16 323 (2.15%) Ant
17 312 (2.07%) TeamCity
18 303 (2.01%) IntelliJ
19 270 (1.79%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,738 (18.18%) Finance
2 1,779 (11.81%) Banking
3 728 (4.83%) Front Office
4 502 (3.33%) Retail
5 475 (3.15%) Investment Banking
6 296 (1.97%) Telecoms
7 230 (1.53%) Marketing
8 215 (1.43%) Games
9 167 (1.11%) Advertising
10 149 (0.99%) Back Office
10 149 (0.99%) Manufacturing
11 126 (0.84%) Financial Institution
12 116 (0.77%) Electronics
13 112 (0.74%) Publishing
14 74 (0.49%) Law
14 74 (0.49%) Legal
15 46 (0.31%) Retail Banking
16 45 (0.30%) Automotive
17 36 (0.24%) Aerospace
18 30 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 9,018 (59.89%) Developer
2 6,212 (41.25%) Java Developer
3 1,268 (8.42%) Senior Developer
4 954 (6.34%) Senior Java Developer
5 914 (6.07%) Architect
6 891 (5.92%) DevOps Engineer
7 718 (4.77%) Java Engineer
8 640 (4.25%) Full Stack Developer
9 608 (4.04%) Analyst
10 603 (4.00%) Tester
11 587 (3.90%) Software Engineer
12 410 (2.72%) Automation Tester
13 399 (2.65%) Agile Developer
14 378 (2.51%) AWS Developer
15 355 (2.36%) AWS Engineer
16 341 (2.26%) Test Analyst
17 337 (2.24%) Lead Developer
18 322 (2.14%) Consultant
19 319 (2.12%) Test Engineer
20 305 (2.03%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,215 (27.99%) Spring
2 2,249 (14.94%) Web Services
3 2,239 (14.87%) REST
4 2,092 (13.89%) Spring Boot
5 1,974 (13.11%) HTML
6 1,848 (12.27%) RESTful
7 1,693 (11.24%) AngularJS
8 1,561 (10.37%) CSS
9 1,523 (10.11%) Hibernate
10 1,394 (9.26%) Node.js
11 1,322 (8.78%) XML
12 1,240 (8.23%) J2EE
13 1,190 (7.90%) SOAP
14 1,188 (7.89%) Kafka
15 1,143 (7.59%) JSON
16 1,056 (7.01%) React
17 960 (6.38%) HTML5
18 912 (6.06%) .NET
19 641 (4.26%) Middleware
20 620 (4.12%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 1,081 (7.18%) Greenfield Project
2 603 (4.00%) Analytical Skills
3 546 (3.63%) Computer Science
4 434 (2.88%) User Experience
5 420 (2.79%) Mobile App
6 382 (2.54%) Fintech
7 351 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 285 (1.89%) Algorithms
9 281 (1.87%) Fixed Income
10 271 (1.80%) Equities
11 268 (1.78%) Enterprise Software
12 253 (1.68%) Derivative
13 194 (1.29%) Linux Command Line
13 194 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
14 193 (1.28%) Data Structures
15 148 (0.98%) Data Centre
16 139 (0.92%) Public Cloud
17 118 (0.78%) Cloud Native
18 90 (0.60%) Virtual Team
19 85 (0.56%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 2,359 (15.67%) Linux
2 1,432 (9.51%) Unix
3 797 (5.29%) Windows
4 528 (3.51%) Android
5 295 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 294 (1.95%) Apple iOS
7 130 (0.86%) CentOS
8 127 (0.84%) Ubuntu
9 124 (0.82%) Windows Server
10 92 (0.61%) VMS
11 68 (0.45%) Solaris
12 53 (0.35%) Mac OS X
13 41 (0.27%) AIX
14 35 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
15 30 (0.20%) Debian
16 22 (0.15%) SUSE
16 22 (0.15%) Windows Server 2008
17 16 (0.11%) CoreOS
17 16 (0.11%) Kali Linux
18 15 (0.100%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,740 (51.40%) Agile Software Development
2 3,645 (24.21%) TDD
3 3,351 (22.25%) Microservices
4 3,001 (19.93%) DevOps
5 2,941 (19.53%) Test Automation
6 2,460 (16.34%) Scrum
7 2,331 (15.48%) Continuous Integration
8 2,240 (14.88%) BDD
9 1,518 (10.08%) Software Engineering
10 1,464 (9.72%) OO
11 1,266 (8.41%) Open Source
12 1,057 (7.02%) Problem-Solving
13 945 (6.28%) Kanban
14 816 (5.42%) SDLC
15 786 (5.22%) Multithreading
16 778 (5.17%) SOA
17 766 (5.09%) E-Commerce
18 751 (4.99%) Configuration Management
19 744 (4.94%) Continuous Delivery
20 735 (4.88%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 3,437 (22.83%) JavaScript
2 2,817 (18.71%) SQL
3 2,790 (18.53%) Java 8
4 2,445 (16.24%) Python
5 1,252 (8.31%) Scala
6 1,177 (7.82%) C#
7 826 (5.49%) C++
8 696 (4.62%) Ruby
9 565 (3.75%) Groovy
10 447 (2.97%) Perl
11 439 (2.92%) Bash Shell
12 399 (2.65%) Shell Script
13 397 (2.64%) PL/SQL
14 371 (2.46%) C
15 343 (2.28%) PHP
16 314 (2.09%) Go
17 231 (1.53%) Kotlin
18 228 (1.51%) ES6
19 218 (1.45%) TypeScript
20 212 (1.41%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,253 (8.32%) Security Cleared
2 956 (6.35%) SC Cleared
3 789 (5.24%) Degree
4 274 (1.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 236 (1.57%) ISTQB
6 226 (1.50%) ISEB
7 162 (1.08%) BPSS Clearance
8 140 (0.93%) DV Cleared
9 128 (0.85%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 73 (0.48%) AWS Certification
11 54 (0.36%) Master's Degree
12 34 (0.23%) CISSP
13 27 (0.18%) DBS Check
13 27 (0.18%) PhD
14 25 (0.17%) Numerate Degree
15 24 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
16 23 (0.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
17 19 (0.13%) CTC Cleared
18 18 (0.12%) CISM
18 18 (0.12%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 833 (5.53%) QA
2 53 (0.35%) GDPR
3 43 (0.29%) Disclosure Scotland
4 42 (0.28%) Data Quality
5 41 (0.27%) PMO
6 39 (0.26%) SLA
7 25 (0.17%) PSD2
8 21 (0.14%) PCI DSS
9 20 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 16 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 15 (0.100%) HMG Infosec
11 15 (0.100%) JSP 440
12 12 (0.080%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 10 (0.066%) ISO 20022
14 9 (0.060%) ISO 9001
15 7 (0.046%) WCAG
16 6 (0.040%) HIPAA
16 6 (0.040%) ISO 22301
16 6 (0.040%) ISO/IEC 27005
16 6 (0.040%) MiFID
System Software
1 2,659 (17.66%) Docker
2 194 (1.29%) HDFS
3 184 (1.22%) VMware Infrastructure
4 128 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
5 102 (0.68%) Active Directory
6 101 (0.67%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 70 (0.46%) vSphere
8 53 (0.35%) Xen
9 37 (0.25%) Apache Flume
10 36 (0.24%) Oracle RAC
11 33 (0.22%) NFS
12 28 (0.19%) OpenAM
13 25 (0.17%) Hyper-V
14 24 (0.16%) VirtualBox
15 23 (0.15%) KVM
16 19 (0.13%) Firmware
17 17 (0.11%) OpenDJ
17 17 (0.11%) Postfix
18 14 (0.093%) vCloud
18 14 (0.093%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 1,393 (9.25%) Ansible
2 1,161 (7.71%) Kubernetes
3 1,111 (7.38%) Puppet
4 828 (5.50%) Opscode Chef
5 819 (5.44%) Terraform
6 217 (1.44%) Kibana
7 144 (0.96%) Packer
8 143 (0.95%) Grafana
9 140 (0.93%) logstash
10 129 (0.86%) Mesos
11 127 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
12 118 (0.78%) Nagios
13 100 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
14 88 (0.58%) Salt
15 84 (0.56%) ZABBIX
16 79 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
17 77 (0.51%) Cobbler
18 68 (0.45%) Oozie
19 67 (0.44%) Prometheus
20 48 (0.32%) Rancher
Vendors
1 2,148 (14.26%) Oracle
2 550 (3.65%) Google
3 549 (3.65%) Microsoft
4 393 (2.61%) IBM
5 376 (2.50%) SAP
6 256 (1.70%) Red Hat
7 246 (1.63%) Splunk
8 239 (1.59%) VMware
9 226 (1.50%) Adobe
10 218 (1.45%) MuleSoft
11 213 (1.41%) Atlassian
12 190 (1.26%) webMethods
13 175 (1.16%) TIBCO
14 159 (1.06%) hybris
15 147 (0.98%) Sybase
16 139 (0.92%) Salesforce.com
17 120 (0.80%) AppDynamics
18 113 (0.75%) New Relic
19 112 (0.74%) WSO2
20 87 (0.58%) Informatica