Period
to 22 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 5 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 0
Contract jobs citing Java 11,594 13,749 11,769
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.75% 13.65% 13.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.73% 31.72% 31.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,770 9,763 8,154
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £468 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +3.89% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 87 92 126
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.14% +1.20% +7.10%
10th Percentile £28.21 £15.74 £25.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £74.88 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.25 £42.00 £41.50
% change year-on-year +2.98% +1.20% +7.79%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 38,992 43,342 37,287
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.88% 43.04% 41.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,025 30,289 25,582
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.19%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £388
% change year-on-year +5.59% +3.87% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 675 777 806
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.38
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -3.32% +7.47%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.73 £16.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +8.75% -2.44% +6.49%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 10,637 £525 +5.00% 2,333
London 0 6,124 £550 - 1,249
UK excluding London -1 5,311 £468 +3.89% 1,253
South East -3 1,418 £463 +2.78% 309
North of England -2 1,284 £463 +8.82% 327
Midlands +9 693 £465 +6.29% 162
South West +2 611 £485 +9.60% 144
Yorkshire +1 609 £475 +11.76% 145
Scotland 0 575 £450 +5.88% 100
North West -7 521 £450 +5.70% 155
West Midlands +12 478 £468 +3.89% 94
East of England 0 477 £500 +5.26% 143
East Midlands -4 197 £463 +8.82% 68
Wales +2 162 £475 +6.74% 30
North East +9 153 £450 +12.50% 27
Northern Ireland +1 93 £425 -7.61% 37
Channel Islands +6 12 £469 - 2
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 5,906 (50.94%) Agile Software Development
2 3,044 (26.25%) Spring
3 2,677 (23.09%) JavaScript
4 2,620 (22.60%) Amazon AWS
5 2,601 (22.43%) TDD
6 2,528 (21.80%) Microservices
7 2,521 (21.74%) DevOps
8 2,477 (21.36%) Jenkins
9 2,389 (20.61%) Python
10 2,271 (19.59%) SQL
11 2,185 (18.85%) Finance
12 2,146 (18.51%) Docker
13 2,145 (18.50%) Git (software)
14 2,097 (18.09%) Test Automation
15 2,075 (17.90%) Linux
16 1,860 (16.04%) Java 8
17 1,833 (15.81%) Scrum
18 1,803 (15.55%) Web Services
19 1,668 (14.39%) REST
20 1,659 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
21 1,613 (13.91%) HTML
22 1,467 (12.65%) BDD
23 1,429 (12.33%) Spring Boot
24 1,423 (12.27%) Banking
25 1,419 (12.24%) Oracle
26 1,382 (11.92%) RESTful
27 1,323 (11.41%) Kubernetes
28 1,286 (11.09%) Maven
29 1,252 (10.80%) Microsoft Azure
30 1,251 (10.79%) Software Engineering

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 698 (6.02%) Confluence
2 615 (5.30%) Apache Spark
3 498 (4.30%) Apache
4 442 (3.81%) Tomcat
5 420 (3.62%) WebSphere
6 346 (2.98%) Elasticsearch
7 312 (2.69%) JBoss
8 307 (2.65%) WebLogic
9 175 (1.51%) Mule
9 175 (1.51%) nginx
10 168 (1.45%) Cloud Foundry
11 160 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 159 (1.37%) CMS
13 125 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 92 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
15 91 (0.78%) IIS
16 90 (0.78%) Oracle Service Bus
17 85 (0.73%) SharePoint
18 82 (0.71%) Jetty
19 75 (0.65%) OpenStack
Applications
1 102 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
2 62 (0.53%) Microsoft Office
3 29 (0.25%) Photoshop
4 19 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 19 (0.16%) MS Visio
5 18 (0.16%) Adobe Illustrator
6 16 (0.14%) Microsoft Project
6 16 (0.14%) Sketch
7 13 (0.11%) InVision
8 11 (0.095%) Chatbot
9 10 (0.086%) Adobe XD
10 8 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
10 8 (0.069%) SPSS
11 7 (0.060%) Stata
12 6 (0.052%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.026%) GIMP
13 3 (0.026%) Zeplin
14 1 (0.009%) Blender
14 1 (0.009%) OmniGraffle
14 1 (0.009%) Simulink
Business Applications
1 44 (0.38%) Magento
2 41 (0.35%) Dynamics CRM
3 38 (0.33%) Oracle BPM
4 33 (0.28%) Endur
5 31 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
6 29 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
6 29 (0.25%) ION MarketView
7 23 (0.20%) Maximo
8 22 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
9 18 (0.16%) R3 Corda
9 18 (0.16%) Salesforce.com CRM
9 18 (0.16%) SAP ERP
9 18 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
10 17 (0.15%) Dynamics AX
11 12 (0.10%) Oracle EBS
12 10 (0.086%) BusinessWorks
12 10 (0.086%) Oracle EBS R12
13 9 (0.078%) Dynamics NAV
14 7 (0.060%) SAP GRC
15 6 (0.052%) assyst
Cloud Services
1 2,620 (22.60%) Amazon AWS
2 1,252 (10.80%) Microsoft Azure
3 529 (4.56%) Google Cloud Platform
4 438 (3.78%) Serverless
5 429 (3.70%) Amazon EC2
6 404 (3.48%) GitHub
7 369 (3.18%) AWS Lambda
8 347 (2.99%) Amazon S3
9 294 (2.54%) OpenShift
10 247 (2.13%) PaaS
11 232 (2.00%) AWS CloudFormation
12 225 (1.94%) Amazon SQS
13 165 (1.42%) SaaS
14 143 (1.23%) IaaS
15 126 (1.09%) Apigee
16 124 (1.07%) Amazon CloudWatch
17 115 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
17 115 (0.99%) npm
18 97 (0.84%) Amazon Kinesis
19 95 (0.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 503 (4.34%) HTTP
2 307 (2.65%) TCP/IP
3 265 (2.29%) SSL
4 218 (1.88%) DNS
5 174 (1.50%) FTP
6 136 (1.17%) Internet
7 118 (1.02%) DHCP
8 106 (0.91%) IPsec
9 105 (0.91%) Firewall
10 48 (0.41%) Kerberos
11 38 (0.33%) VPN
12 36 (0.31%) Ethernet
13 30 (0.26%) SAN
14 29 (0.25%) SSH
15 28 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 28 (0.24%) LAN
16 25 (0.22%) WAN
17 18 (0.16%) SMTP
18 17 (0.15%) Network Security
19 16 (0.14%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,018 (8.78%) NoSQL
2 865 (7.46%) Big Data
3 833 (7.18%) MongoDB
4 788 (6.80%) Relational Database
5 639 (5.51%) Hadoop
6 630 (5.43%) MySQL
7 591 (5.10%) SQL Server
8 590 (5.09%) PostgreSQL
9 388 (3.35%) Apache Cassandra
10 346 (2.98%) RDBMS
11 277 (2.39%) Amazon RDS
12 261 (2.25%) Oracle Database
13 219 (1.89%) Apache Hive
14 209 (1.80%) HBase
15 193 (1.66%) Amazon Redshift
16 172 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
17 169 (1.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 161 (1.39%) DB2
18 161 (1.39%) Redis
19 106 (0.91%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 2,477 (21.36%) Jenkins
2 2,145 (18.50%) Git (software)
3 1,286 (11.09%) Maven
4 1,222 (10.54%) JIRA
5 1,003 (8.65%) Selenium
6 957 (8.25%) Cucumber
7 894 (7.71%) JUnit
8 432 (3.73%) Mockito
9 396 (3.42%) Subversion
10 359 (3.10%) Gradle
11 322 (2.78%) Bitbucket
12 310 (2.67%) Eclipse
13 295 (2.54%) GitLab
14 266 (2.29%) SonarQube
15 259 (2.23%) WebDriver
16 258 (2.23%) Sonatype Nexus
17 239 (2.06%) Artifactory
18 234 (2.02%) JMeter
19 232 (2.00%) SoapUI
20 204 (1.76%) TeamCity
General
1 2,185 (18.85%) Finance
2 1,423 (12.27%) Banking
3 570 (4.92%) Front Office
4 376 (3.24%) Retail
5 335 (2.89%) Investment Banking
6 288 (2.48%) Marketing
7 239 (2.06%) Telecoms
8 135 (1.16%) Manufacturing
9 126 (1.09%) Electronics
10 122 (1.05%) Games
11 110 (0.95%) Financial Institution
12 98 (0.85%) Back Office
13 72 (0.62%) Legal
14 62 (0.53%) Advertising
15 53 (0.46%) Retail Banking
16 42 (0.36%) Publishing
17 40 (0.35%) Aerospace
17 40 (0.35%) Automotive
18 38 (0.33%) Law
19 30 (0.26%) Military
Job Titles
1 6,698 (57.77%) Developer
2 4,093 (35.30%) Java Developer
3 990 (8.54%) Senior Developer
4 885 (7.63%) Architect
5 780 (6.73%) DevOps Engineer
6 669 (5.77%) Senior Java Developer
7 579 (4.99%) Full Stack Developer
8 510 (4.40%) Java Engineer
9 424 (3.66%) Tester
10 418 (3.61%) Software Engineer
11 408 (3.52%) Analyst
12 393 (3.39%) AWS Developer
13 345 (2.98%) AWS Engineer
14 300 (2.59%) Automation Tester
15 296 (2.55%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 284 (2.45%) React Developer
17 263 (2.27%) Agile Developer
17 263 (2.27%) Software Developer
18 261 (2.25%) Data Engineer
19 260 (2.24%) Python Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,044 (26.25%) Spring
2 1,803 (15.55%) Web Services
3 1,668 (14.39%) REST
4 1,613 (13.91%) HTML
5 1,429 (12.33%) Spring Boot
6 1,382 (11.92%) RESTful
7 1,242 (10.71%) CSS
8 1,238 (10.68%) Node.js
9 1,229 (10.60%) AngularJS
10 979 (8.44%) JSON
11 977 (8.43%) SOAP
12 951 (8.20%) Kafka
13 926 (7.99%) React
14 899 (7.75%) J2EE
15 887 (7.65%) .NET
16 875 (7.55%) XML
17 807 (6.96%) Hibernate
18 769 (6.63%) HTML5
19 449 (3.87%) Middleware
20 387 (3.34%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 716 (6.18%) Greenfield Project
2 539 (4.65%) Analytical Skills
3 417 (3.60%) User Experience
4 360 (3.11%) Fintech
5 323 (2.79%) Mobile App
6 244 (2.10%) Algorithms
7 235 (2.03%) Data Structures
8 232 (2.00%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 225 (1.94%) Fixed Income
10 224 (1.93%) Enterprise Software
11 195 (1.68%) Derivative
12 179 (1.54%) Self-Motivation
13 145 (1.25%) Virtual Team
14 134 (1.16%) Equities
15 123 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
16 119 (1.03%) Public Cloud
17 113 (0.97%) Data Centre
18 98 (0.85%) Cloud Native
19 70 (0.60%) Equity Derivative
20 68 (0.59%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2,075 (17.90%) Linux
2 1,066 (9.19%) Unix
3 651 (5.61%) Windows
4 449 (3.87%) Android
5 242 (2.09%) Apple iOS
6 167 (1.44%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 153 (1.32%) Mac OS X
8 112 (0.97%) CentOS
9 99 (0.85%) Windows Server
10 68 (0.59%) Solaris
11 65 (0.56%) Ubuntu
12 31 (0.27%) Mac OS
13 30 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
14 27 (0.23%) AIX
14 27 (0.23%) VMS
15 25 (0.22%) Windows 10
16 15 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
17 11 (0.095%) Kali Linux
17 11 (0.095%) Windows 7
18 9 (0.078%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,906 (50.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,601 (22.43%) TDD
3 2,528 (21.80%) Microservices
4 2,521 (21.74%) DevOps
5 2,097 (18.09%) Test Automation
6 1,833 (15.81%) Scrum
7 1,659 (14.31%) Continuous Integration
8 1,467 (12.65%) BDD
9 1,251 (10.79%) Software Engineering
10 1,065 (9.19%) Open Source
11 937 (8.08%) Problem-Solving
12 860 (7.42%) OO
13 714 (6.16%) SDLC
14 641 (5.53%) Configuration Management
15 638 (5.50%) Kanban
16 601 (5.18%) E-Commerce
17 595 (5.13%) Multithreading
18 560 (4.83%) Unit Testing
19 554 (4.78%) Analytics
20 547 (4.72%) SOA
Programming Languages
1 2,677 (23.09%) JavaScript
2 2,389 (20.61%) Python
3 2,271 (19.59%) SQL
4 1,860 (16.04%) Java 8
5 916 (7.90%) C#
6 866 (7.47%) Scala
7 658 (5.68%) C++
8 583 (5.03%) Ruby
9 432 (3.73%) Bash Shell
10 363 (3.13%) Shell Script
11 352 (3.04%) Perl
12 350 (3.02%) C
13 319 (2.75%) Groovy
13 319 (2.75%) PHP
14 275 (2.37%) Kotlin
15 259 (2.23%) Go
15 259 (2.23%) PL/SQL
16 249 (2.15%) TypeScript
17 216 (1.86%) PowerShell
18 211 (1.82%) ES6
Qualifications
1 887 (7.65%) Security Cleared
2 646 (5.57%) SC Cleared
3 643 (5.55%) Degree
4 167 (1.44%) BPSS Clearance
4 167 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 149 (1.29%) DV Cleared
6 124 (1.07%) ISTQB
7 94 (0.81%) ISEB
8 71 (0.61%) AWS Certification
9 58 (0.50%) Numerate Degree
10 52 (0.45%) Master's Degree
11 48 (0.41%) PhD
12 47 (0.41%) DBS Check
13 46 (0.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 40 (0.35%) Sun Certification
15 37 (0.32%) CISSP
16 30 (0.26%) CTC Cleared
17 24 (0.21%) TOGAF Certification
18 21 (0.18%) Cisco Certification
19 20 (0.17%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 652 (5.62%) QA
2 60 (0.52%) Data Quality
3 43 (0.37%) GDPR
4 36 (0.31%) PCI DSS
5 35 (0.30%) Disclosure Scotland
5 35 (0.30%) PSD2
6 29 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 29 (0.25%) SLA
7 21 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 13 (0.11%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 13 (0.11%) WCAG
9 12 (0.10%) HL7
9 12 (0.10%) PMO
10 11 (0.095%) HMG Infosec
10 11 (0.095%) JSP 440
11 10 (0.086%) MiFID
12 9 (0.078%) COBIT
13 7 (0.060%) HIPAA
14 6 (0.052%) SEPA
15 5 (0.043%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 2,146 (18.51%) Docker
2 174 (1.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 160 (1.38%) Virtual Machines
4 140 (1.21%) HDFS
5 108 (0.93%) Active Directory
6 71 (0.61%) Apache Flume
7 58 (0.50%) vSphere
8 52 (0.45%) Xen
9 51 (0.44%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 49 (0.42%) OpenAM
11 25 (0.22%) LXC
12 20 (0.17%) OpenDJ
13 16 (0.14%) KVM
13 16 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
14 14 (0.12%) OpenIDM
14 14 (0.12%) Squid
15 12 (0.10%) VMware ESXi
16 10 (0.086%) Varnish
16 10 (0.086%) VirtualBox
17 9 (0.078%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 1,323 (11.41%) Kubernetes
2 974 (8.40%) Ansible
3 756 (6.52%) Terraform
4 660 (5.69%) Puppet
5 427 (3.68%) Opscode Chef
6 127 (1.10%) Kibana
7 82 (0.71%) Grafana
8 73 (0.63%) Hadoop YARN
9 72 (0.62%) logstash
10 69 (0.60%) Single Sign-On
11 57 (0.49%) Packer
12 52 (0.45%) Docker Swarm
13 44 (0.38%) Rancher
14 43 (0.37%) Prometheus
15 42 (0.36%) Mesos
15 42 (0.36%) Nagios
16 38 (0.33%) Salt
17 34 (0.29%) ZABBIX
18 32 (0.28%) Amdocs OSS
18 32 (0.28%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 1,419 (12.24%) Oracle
2 585 (5.05%) Microsoft
3 541 (4.67%) Google
4 341 (2.94%) IBM
5 300 (2.59%) SAP
6 261 (2.25%) Red Hat
7 228 (1.97%) MuleSoft
8 224 (1.93%) Splunk
8 224 (1.93%) VMware
9 189 (1.63%) Atlassian
10 154 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
11 145 (1.25%) Adobe
12 138 (1.19%) hybris
13 125 (1.08%) WSO2
14 106 (0.91%) webMethods
15 96 (0.83%) AppDynamics
16 89 (0.77%) TIBCO
17 85 (0.73%) Cloudera
18 80 (0.69%) Sybase
19 75 (0.65%) HP