Period
to 18 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 18 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
18 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 14,583 13,509 13,345
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.15% 13.79% 12.56%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.82% 32.92% 31.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 10,200 9,407 9,426
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +11.11% -
10th Percentile £363 £350 £313
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 95 140 139
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +11.11% -10.00%
10th Percentile £15.50 £26.08 £12.25
90th Percentile £74.50 £63.75 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £43.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year - +19.44% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,823 41,042 42,144
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.47% 41.90% 39.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,203 28,282 29,045
UK median daily rate £473 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 726 782 909
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +4.17%
10th Percentile £16.85 £15.79 £13.70
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.52
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +1.35%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 18 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 18 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 18 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 13,290 £513 +2.50% 3,507
London 0 7,817 £550 +4.76% 1,633
UK excluding London -1 6,572 £450 +5.88% 2,124
South East +1 1,831 £475 +5.44% 544
North of England +1 1,642 £430 +1.18% 541
Scotland +2 854 £425 +6.25% 172
Midlands +15 815 £425 - 269
North West -3 751 £425 - 299
Yorkshire 0 715 £450 +5.88% 190
East of England +2 646 £500 +11.11% 268
South West -1 519 £425 +3.66% 254
West Midlands +13 479 £450 - 133
East Midlands +11 334 £421 -0.94% 136
Wales -3 181 £438 -2.78% 50
North East +10 178 £400 +1.59% 52
Northern Ireland 0 108 £460 +10.84% 28
Channel Islands -5 3 - -

For the 6 months to 18 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,492 (51.37%) Agile Software Development
2 4,053 (27.79%) Spring
3 3,591 (24.62%) TDD
4 3,312 (22.71%) JavaScript
5 2,935 (20.13%) Microservices
6 2,930 (20.09%) Jenkins
7 2,861 (19.62%) Test Automation
8 2,827 (19.39%) DevOps
9 2,790 (19.13%) Amazon AWS
10 2,753 (18.88%) SQL
11 2,728 (18.71%) Finance
12 2,702 (18.53%) Git (software)
13 2,584 (17.72%) Java 8
14 2,502 (17.16%) Scrum
15 2,433 (16.68%) Linux
16 2,381 (16.33%) Python
17 2,364 (16.21%) Docker
18 2,305 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
19 2,249 (15.42%) Web Services
20 2,136 (14.65%) BDD
21 2,125 (14.57%) REST
22 2,034 (13.95%) Oracle
23 1,929 (13.23%) Maven
24 1,891 (12.97%) HTML
25 1,863 (12.78%) Spring Boot
26 1,817 (12.46%) RESTful
27 1,695 (11.62%) Banking
28 1,618 (11.10%) AngularJS
29 1,582 (10.85%) OO
30 1,527 (10.47%) Hibernate

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 845 (5.79%) Confluence
2 825 (5.66%) Tomcat
3 783 (5.37%) Apache
4 690 (4.73%) Apache Spark
5 599 (4.11%) WebSphere
6 522 (3.58%) WebLogic
7 491 (3.37%) Elasticsearch
8 478 (3.28%) JBoss
9 249 (1.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 220 (1.51%) Cloud Foundry
11 218 (1.49%) Mule
12 187 (1.28%) nginx
13 172 (1.18%) OpenStack
14 164 (1.12%) Jetty
15 158 (1.08%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 151 (1.04%) CMS
17 127 (0.87%) Apache Solr
18 116 (0.80%) IIS
19 107 (0.73%) WildFly
20 101 (0.69%) Oracle Service Bus
Applications
1 103 (0.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (0.48%) Photoshop
3 43 (0.29%) MS Visio
4 41 (0.28%) Microsoft Office
5 24 (0.16%) GIMP
5 24 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
6 14 (0.096%) Chatbot
7 13 (0.089%) CATIA
8 11 (0.075%) Fireworks
9 10 (0.069%) Microsoft Project
9 10 (0.069%) Spreadsheet
10 6 (0.041%) SPSS
11 5 (0.034%) Windchill
12 4 (0.027%) Stata
13 3 (0.021%) AutoCAD
13 3 (0.021%) InVision
14 2 (0.014%) Mingle
14 2 (0.014%) PTC Creo
14 2 (0.014%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 76 (0.52%) ION MarketView
2 43 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
3 42 (0.29%) SAP Hybris
4 33 (0.23%) Dynamics CRM
5 23 (0.16%) Maximo
6 22 (0.15%) Actimize
6 22 (0.15%) Oracle EBS R12
7 18 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
8 16 (0.11%) BusinessWorks
9 13 (0.089%) ENOVIA
9 13 (0.089%) Magento
9 13 (0.089%) Remedy ITSM
10 12 (0.082%) Oracle Financials
10 12 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
11 11 (0.075%) Endur
12 10 (0.069%) Oracle ERP
13 9 (0.062%) Oracle General Ledger
14 8 (0.055%) AquaLogic BPM
15 7 (0.048%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
15 7 (0.048%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 2,790 (19.13%) Amazon AWS
2 1,058 (7.26%) Microsoft Azure
3 512 (3.51%) GitHub
4 336 (2.30%) Google Cloud Platform
5 326 (2.24%) Amazon EC2
6 280 (1.92%) Amazon S3
7 270 (1.85%) PaaS
8 261 (1.79%) Serverless
9 206 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
10 182 (1.25%) OpenShift
11 153 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
12 152 (1.04%) Cloud Computing
13 144 (0.99%) SaaS
14 123 (0.84%) IaaS
15 117 (0.80%) npm
16 97 (0.67%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 90 (0.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 83 (0.57%) Amazon Kinesis
19 78 (0.53%) BrowserStack
20 76 (0.52%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 532 (3.65%) HTTP
2 298 (2.04%) TCP/IP
3 242 (1.66%) SSL
4 172 (1.18%) DNS
5 133 (0.91%) Internet
6 115 (0.79%) FTP
7 103 (0.71%) Kerberos
8 102 (0.70%) Firewall
9 55 (0.38%) SMS
10 54 (0.37%) SSH
11 52 (0.36%) DHCP
12 51 (0.35%) IPsec
13 46 (0.32%) AMQP
14 39 (0.27%) VPN
15 35 (0.24%) Ethernet
16 33 (0.23%) SNMP
17 32 (0.22%) HTTPS
18 26 (0.18%) Network Security
18 26 (0.18%) SAN
19 23 (0.16%) Intranet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,363 (9.35%) NoSQL
2 1,097 (7.52%) MongoDB
3 1,096 (7.52%) Relational Database
4 960 (6.58%) PostgreSQL
5 942 (6.46%) Big Data
6 897 (6.15%) MySQL
7 848 (5.81%) Hadoop
8 753 (5.16%) SQL Server
9 484 (3.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 403 (2.76%) RDBMS
11 387 (2.65%) Oracle Database
12 321 (2.20%) HBase
13 314 (2.15%) Apache Hive
14 216 (1.48%) Redis
15 192 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
16 154 (1.06%) Amazon Redshift
17 153 (1.05%) DB2
18 146 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
19 138 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 134 (0.92%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 2,930 (20.09%) Jenkins
2 2,702 (18.53%) Git (software)
3 1,929 (13.23%) Maven
4 1,512 (10.37%) Selenium
5 1,483 (10.17%) JIRA
6 1,266 (8.68%) Cucumber
7 1,150 (7.89%) JUnit
8 604 (4.14%) Gradle
9 496 (3.40%) Subversion
10 458 (3.14%) Mockito
11 426 (2.92%) Eclipse
12 374 (2.56%) SoapUI
13 369 (2.53%) WebDriver
14 330 (2.26%) Bitbucket
15 322 (2.21%) Ant
16 320 (2.19%) JMeter
17 305 (2.09%) SonarQube
18 297 (2.04%) TeamCity
19 290 (1.99%) IntelliJ
20 236 (1.62%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 2,728 (18.71%) Finance
2 1,695 (11.62%) Banking
3 702 (4.81%) Front Office
4 481 (3.30%) Retail
5 457 (3.13%) Investment Banking
6 302 (2.07%) Telecoms
7 221 (1.52%) Games
7 221 (1.52%) Marketing
8 153 (1.05%) Back Office
9 146 (1.00%) Advertising
10 142 (0.97%) Financial Institution
11 138 (0.95%) Manufacturing
12 105 (0.72%) Electronics
13 104 (0.71%) Publishing
14 75 (0.51%) Law
15 72 (0.49%) Legal
16 53 (0.36%) Retail Banking
17 46 (0.32%) Automotive
18 42 (0.29%) Pharmaceutical
19 28 (0.19%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 8,715 (59.76%) Developer
2 5,953 (40.82%) Java Developer
3 1,247 (8.55%) Senior Developer
4 967 (6.63%) Architect
5 955 (6.55%) Senior Java Developer
6 815 (5.59%) DevOps Engineer
7 744 (5.10%) Java Engineer
8 608 (4.17%) Software Engineer
9 598 (4.10%) Analyst
10 540 (3.70%) Full Stack Developer
11 500 (3.43%) Tester
12 353 (2.42%) AWS Engineer
13 349 (2.39%) Lead Developer
14 345 (2.37%) Automation Tester
15 339 (2.32%) Test Analyst
16 337 (2.31%) Agile Developer
17 311 (2.13%) Solutions Architect
18 299 (2.05%) Java Software Engineer
19 293 (2.01%) Data Engineer
20 292 (2.00%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 4,053 (27.79%) Spring
2 2,249 (15.42%) Web Services
3 2,125 (14.57%) REST
4 1,891 (12.97%) HTML
5 1,863 (12.78%) Spring Boot
6 1,817 (12.46%) RESTful
7 1,618 (11.10%) AngularJS
8 1,527 (10.47%) Hibernate
9 1,480 (10.15%) CSS
10 1,317 (9.03%) Node.js
11 1,298 (8.90%) XML
12 1,243 (8.52%) J2EE
13 1,211 (8.30%) SOAP
14 1,171 (8.03%) Kafka
15 1,114 (7.64%) JSON
16 963 (6.60%) React
17 902 (6.19%) .NET
18 897 (6.15%) HTML5
19 613 (4.20%) Java EE
20 612 (4.20%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 905 (6.21%) Greenfield Project
2 672 (4.61%) Analytical Skills
3 552 (3.79%) Computer Science
4 475 (3.26%) User Experience
5 453 (3.11%) Mobile App
6 410 (2.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 366 (2.51%) Fintech
8 304 (2.08%) Algorithms
9 293 (2.01%) Fixed Income
10 284 (1.95%) Enterprise Software
11 274 (1.88%) Derivative
12 237 (1.63%) Equities
13 232 (1.59%) Data Structures
14 200 (1.37%) Linux Command Line
15 195 (1.34%) Self-Motivation
16 153 (1.05%) Public Cloud
17 133 (0.91%) Data Centre
18 103 (0.71%) Virtual Team
19 95 (0.65%) Equity Derivative
20 93 (0.64%) Cloud Native
Operating Systems
1 2,433 (16.68%) Linux
2 1,428 (9.79%) Unix
3 749 (5.14%) Windows
4 578 (3.96%) Android
5 338 (2.32%) Apple iOS
6 280 (1.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 155 (1.06%) Ubuntu
8 138 (0.95%) Windows Server
9 137 (0.94%) CentOS
10 79 (0.54%) VMS
11 68 (0.47%) Solaris
12 67 (0.46%) Mac OS X
13 39 (0.27%) AIX
14 37 (0.25%) Debian
15 34 (0.23%) Windows Server 2012
16 20 (0.14%) Mac OS
17 19 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
18 18 (0.12%) Fedora
19 17 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
20 15 (0.10%) CoreOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,492 (51.37%) Agile Software Development
2 3,591 (24.62%) TDD
3 2,935 (20.13%) Microservices
4 2,861 (19.62%) Test Automation
5 2,827 (19.39%) DevOps
6 2,502 (17.16%) Scrum
7 2,305 (15.81%) Continuous Integration
8 2,136 (14.65%) BDD
9 1,582 (10.85%) OO
10 1,493 (10.24%) Software Engineering
11 1,202 (8.24%) Open Source
12 1,063 (7.29%) Problem-Solving
13 943 (6.47%) Kanban
14 824 (5.65%) E-Commerce
15 816 (5.60%) SDLC
16 768 (5.27%) Multithreading
17 763 (5.23%) SOA
18 743 (5.09%) Configuration Management
19 739 (5.07%) MVC
20 722 (4.95%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 3,312 (22.71%) JavaScript
2 2,753 (18.88%) SQL
3 2,584 (17.72%) Java 8
4 2,381 (16.33%) Python
5 1,278 (8.76%) Scala
6 1,174 (8.05%) C#
7 883 (6.05%) C++
8 723 (4.96%) Ruby
9 573 (3.93%) Groovy
10 513 (3.52%) Perl
11 440 (3.02%) Bash Shell
12 405 (2.78%) PL/SQL
13 396 (2.72%) Shell Script
14 374 (2.56%) C
15 341 (2.34%) PHP
16 300 (2.06%) Go
17 232 (1.59%) TypeScript
18 216 (1.48%) ES6
19 212 (1.45%) Kotlin
20 182 (1.25%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 1,195 (8.19%) Security Cleared
2 930 (6.38%) SC Cleared
3 785 (5.38%) Degree
4 273 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
5 218 (1.49%) ISTQB
6 214 (1.47%) ISEB
7 120 (0.82%) BPSS Clearance
7 120 (0.82%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 112 (0.77%) DV Cleared
9 69 (0.47%) Master's Degree
10 64 (0.44%) AWS Certification
11 41 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
12 24 (0.16%) CISSP
13 23 (0.16%) ITIL Certification
14 22 (0.15%) DBS Check
14 22 (0.15%) PhD
15 21 (0.14%) Sun Certification
16 18 (0.12%) ISEB Practitioner
16 18 (0.12%) PMI Certification
16 18 (0.12%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 817 (5.60%) QA
2 126 (0.86%) GCP
3 66 (0.45%) Data Quality
4 61 (0.42%) GDPR
5 46 (0.32%) Disclosure Scotland
6 43 (0.29%) SLA
7 38 (0.26%) PMO
8 26 (0.18%) PSD2
9 17 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 17 (0.12%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.075%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 9 (0.062%) HMG Security Policy Framework
11 9 (0.062%) ISO 9001
12 8 (0.055%) HMG Infosec
12 8 (0.055%) ISO 20022
12 8 (0.055%) JSP 440
12 8 (0.055%) SEPA
13 7 (0.048%) EMIR
13 7 (0.048%) HIPAA
14 6 (0.041%) WCAG
System Software
1 2,364 (16.21%) Docker
2 189 (1.30%) HDFS
3 185 (1.27%) VMware Infrastructure
4 132 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
5 107 (0.73%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 76 (0.52%) Active Directory
7 70 (0.48%) vSphere
8 47 (0.32%) Xen
9 45 (0.31%) Apache Flume
10 31 (0.21%) Oracle RAC
11 30 (0.21%) Hyper-V
12 27 (0.19%) VirtualBox
13 25 (0.17%) OpenAM
14 21 (0.14%) KVM
15 17 (0.12%) NFS
15 17 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
16 14 (0.096%) vCloud
16 14 (0.096%) Virtual Servers
17 12 (0.082%) etcd
18 11 (0.075%) LXC
Systems Management
1 1,222 (8.38%) Ansible
2 1,016 (6.97%) Puppet
3 997 (6.84%) Kubernetes
4 746 (5.12%) Opscode Chef
5 699 (4.79%) Terraform
6 200 (1.37%) Kibana
7 146 (1.00%) Nagios
8 130 (0.89%) Packer
9 128 (0.88%) Mesos
10 125 (0.86%) Grafana
11 123 (0.84%) Hadoop YARN
12 118 (0.81%) logstash
13 88 (0.60%) Salt
14 82 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
15 74 (0.51%) ZABBIX
16 70 (0.48%) Docker Swarm
17 69 (0.47%) Oozie
18 63 (0.43%) Cobbler
19 56 (0.38%) Consul
20 53 (0.36%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 2,034 (13.95%) Oracle
2 519 (3.56%) Google
3 497 (3.41%) Microsoft
4 418 (2.87%) IBM
5 294 (2.02%) SAP
6 288 (1.97%) Red Hat
7 259 (1.78%) Splunk
8 251 (1.72%) Adobe
8 251 (1.72%) VMware
9 230 (1.58%) Atlassian
10 189 (1.30%) TIBCO
11 183 (1.25%) MuleSoft
12 167 (1.15%) hybris
13 160 (1.10%) webMethods
14 142 (0.97%) Salesforce.com
15 136 (0.93%) Sybase
16 123 (0.84%) New Relic
17 121 (0.83%) AppDynamics
18 108 (0.74%) WSO2
19 99 (0.68%) HP