Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 10 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 6,824 12,798 14,110
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 11.23% 13.20% 13.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 27.69% 30.61% 32.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,780 8,951 10,233
Median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £378 £375 £358
90th Percentile £700 £675 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +0.53% +5.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 118 104 107
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.60% +4.24% +0.61%
10th Percentile £20.50 £30.38 £20.15
90th Percentile £58.98 £60.00 £68.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.25 £41.38
% change year-on-year -19.08% +4.53% +0.91%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 24,641 41,810 43,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.53% 43.13% 42.84%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,637 29,180 30,550
Median daily rate £485 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +5.96%
Number of hourly rates quoted 564 699 786
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £17.50 £16.40
90th Percentile £55.00 £53.75 £51.25
Median hourly rate £39.50 £42.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year -7.60% +6.88% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java.

Daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java.

Hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -6 6,229 £538 +2.38% 1,933
London 0 3,728 £560 +1.82% 990
UK excluding London -6 2,953 £475 +0.53% 1,093
North of England -6 702 £475 +5.56% 270
South East -10 678 £475 - 245
South West -1 477 £500 +3.36% 159
Midlands -3 361 £450 - 161
Scotland -3 341 £470 +7.43% 98
North West -7 304 £465 +3.33% 147
Yorkshire -5 281 £500 +5.26% 82
West Midlands -3 255 £450 - 100
East of England -3 250 £500 - 107
Work from Home -7 200 £525 +5.00% 152
North East 0 124 £445 -0.89% 41
East Midlands -11 104 £450 -5.26% 61
Wales -10 84 £475 +2.70% 27
Northern Ireland +1 65 £431 +4.49% 27

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 3,264 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,683 (24.66%) Spring
3 1,673 (24.52%) Python
4 1,665 (24.40%) AWS
5 1,590 (23.30%) Microservices
6 1,530 (22.42%) DevOps
7 1,514 (22.19%) JavaScript
8 1,436 (21.04%) SQL
9 1,387 (20.33%) Finance
10 1,294 (18.96%) TDD
11 1,210 (17.73%) Jenkins
12 1,171 (17.16%) Docker
13 1,147 (16.81%) Test Automation
14 1,092 (16.00%) Git (software)
15 1,074 (15.74%) Web Services
16 1,029 (15.08%) Software Engineering
17 1,004 (14.71%) Oracle
18 1,000 (14.65%) Linux
19 975 (14.29%) Scrum
20 973 (14.26%) Spring Boot
21 948 (13.89%) Security Cleared
22 906 (13.28%) Azure
23 892 (13.07%) Java 8
24 878 (12.87%) Kubernetes
25 845 (12.38%) REST
26 841 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
27 794 (11.64%) AngularJS
28 784 (11.49%) Banking
29 733 (10.74%) HTML
30 732 (10.73%) SC Cleared

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 365 (5.35%) Confluence
2 252 (3.69%) WebLogic
3 250 (3.66%) Apache Spark
4 239 (3.50%) Apache
5 220 (3.22%) Tomcat
6 177 (2.59%) Elasticsearch
7 162 (2.37%) WebSphere
8 130 (1.91%) JBoss
9 94 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 87 (1.27%) Red Hat Fuse
11 82 (1.20%) nginx
12 76 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
13 62 (0.91%) CMS
14 55 (0.81%) IIS
15 51 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 49 (0.72%) MQSeries
16 49 (0.72%) SAS
17 40 (0.59%) Jetty
18 39 (0.57%) Mule
19 36 (0.53%) SharePoint
Applications
1 37 (0.54%) Microsoft Office
2 32 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
3 29 (0.42%) Photoshop
4 21 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.29%) Sketch
6 11 (0.16%) MS Visio
7 10 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
8 8 (0.12%) Windchill
9 6 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.073%) Spreadsheet
11 4 (0.059%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.059%) InDesign
11 4 (0.059%) InVision
12 2 (0.029%) GIMP
12 2 (0.029%) Open Workbench
13 1 (0.015%) Chatbot
13 1 (0.015%) Simulink
13 1 (0.015%) Weka
13 1 (0.015%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 57 (0.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 37 (0.54%) FINCAD Analytics
3 31 (0.45%) Oracle EBS
4 24 (0.35%) Magento
4 24 (0.35%) Remedy ITSM
5 23 (0.34%) BusinessWorks
6 21 (0.31%) Shopify
7 16 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
8 15 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 12 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
9 12 (0.18%) ION MarketView
10 11 (0.16%) SAP CRM
11 10 (0.15%) Finacle
12 9 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
13 8 (0.12%) Oracle AML
14 6 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
14 6 (0.088%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
15 5 (0.073%) NetSuite
15 5 (0.073%) Oracle Receivables
15 5 (0.073%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,665 (24.40%) AWS
2 906 (13.28%) Azure
3 509 (7.46%) GCP
4 305 (4.47%) Serverless
5 276 (4.04%) Amazon EC2
6 258 (3.78%) GitHub
7 256 (3.75%) OpenShift
8 231 (3.39%) Amazon S3
9 226 (3.31%) AWS Lambda
10 156 (2.29%) Amazon SQS
11 146 (2.14%) AWS CloudFormation
12 122 (1.79%) SaaS
13 116 (1.70%) PaaS
14 113 (1.66%) Amazon ECS
15 99 (1.45%) Power Platform
16 59 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
17 47 (0.69%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 46 (0.67%) Apigee
19 45 (0.66%) AWS Step Functions
19 45 (0.66%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 240 (3.52%) HTTP
2 149 (2.18%) TCP/IP
3 100 (1.47%) SSL
4 91 (1.33%) Firewall
5 84 (1.23%) DNS
6 67 (0.98%) Internet
7 66 (0.97%) FTP
8 46 (0.67%) DHCP
9 42 (0.62%) Ethernet
10 38 (0.56%) SNMP
11 34 (0.50%) VPN
12 33 (0.48%) IPsec
13 32 (0.47%) Kerberos
14 27 (0.40%) HTTPS
15 21 (0.31%) WAN
16 17 (0.25%) Network Security
17 16 (0.23%) DMZ
18 15 (0.22%) DSL
19 13 (0.19%) IPv6
19 13 (0.19%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 423 (6.20%) SQL Server
2 420 (6.15%) NoSQL
3 399 (5.85%) Relational Database
4 379 (5.55%) MongoDB
5 330 (4.84%) PostgreSQL
6 319 (4.67%) Big Data
7 302 (4.43%) MySQL
8 252 (3.69%) Hadoop
9 182 (2.67%) Amazon RDS
9 182 (2.67%) Oracle Database
10 163 (2.39%) RDBMS
11 142 (2.08%) Apache Cassandra
12 127 (1.86%) Amazon Redshift
13 114 (1.67%) Data Warehouse
14 111 (1.63%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 100 (1.47%) Redis
16 97 (1.42%) HBase
16 97 (1.42%) Power BI
17 90 (1.32%) DB2
18 79 (1.16%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1,210 (17.73%) Jenkins
2 1,092 (16.00%) Git (software)
3 703 (10.30%) JIRA
4 649 (9.51%) Maven
5 512 (7.50%) JUnit
6 498 (7.30%) Selenium
7 469 (6.87%) Cucumber
8 253 (3.71%) Gradle
9 239 (3.50%) Mockito
10 228 (3.34%) GitLab
11 207 (3.03%) Bitbucket
12 177 (2.59%) Eclipse
12 177 (2.59%) Subversion
13 148 (2.17%) Artifactory
14 146 (2.14%) SonarQube
15 131 (1.92%) SoapUI
16 124 (1.82%) WebDriver
17 115 (1.69%) Ant
18 114 (1.67%) JMeter
19 112 (1.64%) Postman
General
1 1,387 (20.33%) Finance
2 784 (11.49%) Banking
3 524 (7.68%) Public Sector
4 519 (7.61%) Front Office
5 304 (4.45%) Investment Banking
6 123 (1.80%) Telecoms
7 121 (1.77%) Retail
8 116 (1.70%) Marketing
9 78 (1.14%) Manufacturing
10 72 (1.06%) Games
11 60 (0.88%) Electronics
12 53 (0.78%) Financial Institution
13 50 (0.73%) Aerospace
14 47 (0.69%) Back Office
15 38 (0.56%) Military
16 37 (0.54%) Retail Banking
17 32 (0.47%) Law
18 31 (0.45%) Automotive
19 28 (0.41%) Publishing
20 22 (0.32%) Legal
Job Titles
1 3,823 (56.02%) Developer
2 2,255 (33.05%) Java Developer
3 500 (7.33%) Architect
3 500 (7.33%) Senior Developer
4 388 (5.69%) DevOps Engineer
5 384 (5.63%) Software Engineer
6 359 (5.26%) Full Stack Developer
7 347 (5.08%) Java Engineer
8 306 (4.48%) Senior Java Developer
9 305 (4.47%) AWS Developer
10 234 (3.43%) AWS Engineer
11 200 (2.93%) Analyst
12 182 (2.67%) Software Developer
13 174 (2.55%) Tester
14 159 (2.33%) Android Developer
14 159 (2.33%) React Developer
15 156 (2.29%) Consultant
16 155 (2.27%) Python Developer
17 153 (2.24%) Data Engineer
18 149 (2.18%) Lead Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,683 (24.66%) Spring
2 1,074 (15.74%) Web Services
3 973 (14.26%) Spring Boot
4 845 (12.38%) REST
5 794 (11.64%) AngularJS
6 733 (10.74%) HTML
7 723 (10.59%) Node.js
8 696 (10.20%) RESTful
9 643 (9.42%) React
10 596 (8.73%) .NET
11 595 (8.72%) CSS
12 589 (8.63%) XML
13 559 (8.19%) SOAP
14 517 (7.58%) Kafka
15 499 (7.31%) J2EE
16 478 (7.00%) JSON
17 400 (5.86%) Hibernate
18 282 (4.13%) HTML5
19 229 (3.36%) RabbitMQ
20 188 (2.75%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 392 (5.74%) Greenfield Project
2 380 (5.57%) Analytical Skills
3 357 (5.23%) Fixed Income
4 331 (4.85%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 258 (3.78%) Derivative
6 244 (3.58%) User Experience
7 209 (3.06%) Equities
8 191 (2.80%) Mobile App
9 178 (2.61%) Enterprise Software
10 152 (2.23%) Hedge funds
11 146 (2.14%) Algorithms
12 138 (2.02%) Data Structures
13 94 (1.38%) Public Cloud
14 85 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
15 79 (1.16%) Linux Command Line
16 77 (1.13%) Cloud Native
17 69 (1.01%) Data Centre
18 66 (0.97%) Virtual Team
19 63 (0.92%) Equity Derivative
20 60 (0.88%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 1,000 (14.65%) Linux
2 544 (7.97%) Unix
3 352 (5.16%) Windows
4 304 (4.45%) Android
5 133 (1.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 118 (1.73%) Apple iOS
7 56 (0.82%) Ubuntu
8 52 (0.76%) CentOS
9 45 (0.66%) Mac OS X
10 43 (0.63%) Windows Server
11 34 (0.50%) Solaris
12 25 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
13 21 (0.31%) Debian
14 16 (0.23%) Oracle Linux
15 15 (0.22%) AIX
16 11 (0.16%) Windows Server 2016
17 10 (0.15%) Windows 10
18 9 (0.13%) Mac OS
19 7 (0.10%) Amazon Linux
19 7 (0.10%) SUSE
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,264 (47.83%) Agile Software Development
2 1,590 (23.30%) Microservices
3 1,530 (22.42%) DevOps
4 1,294 (18.96%) TDD
5 1,147 (16.81%) Test Automation
6 1,029 (15.08%) Software Engineering
7 975 (14.29%) Scrum
8 841 (12.32%) Continuous Integration
9 715 (10.48%) BDD
10 529 (7.75%) Open Source
11 495 (7.25%) Problem-Solving
12 445 (6.52%) OO
13 410 (6.01%) SDLC
14 394 (5.77%) Kanban
15 360 (5.28%) Multithreading
16 343 (5.03%) Mentoring
17 329 (4.82%) Analytics
18 324 (4.75%) Computer Science
19 314 (4.60%) Configuration Management
20 310 (4.54%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,673 (24.52%) Python
2 1,514 (22.19%) JavaScript
3 1,436 (21.04%) SQL
4 892 (13.07%) Java 8
5 666 (9.76%) C#
6 444 (6.51%) C++
7 437 (6.40%) Scala
8 346 (5.07%) Kotlin
9 297 (4.35%) PL/SQL
10 254 (3.72%) Ruby
11 248 (3.63%) Bash Shell
12 228 (3.34%) Shell Script
13 209 (3.06%) PHP
14 184 (2.70%) R
15 173 (2.54%) Perl
16 171 (2.51%) Go
17 168 (2.46%) Groovy
18 165 (2.42%) TypeScript
19 156 (2.29%) C
20 154 (2.26%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 948 (13.89%) Security Cleared
2 732 (10.73%) SC Cleared
3 415 (6.08%) Degree
4 161 (2.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 135 (1.98%) DV Cleared
6 91 (1.33%) BPSS Clearance
7 88 (1.29%) ISEB
8 86 (1.26%) ISTQB
9 51 (0.75%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 48 (0.70%) Master's Degree
11 30 (0.44%) Microsoft Certification
12 29 (0.42%) DBS Check
13 23 (0.34%) AWS Certification
14 20 (0.29%) CISSP
15 18 (0.26%) Numerate Degree
16 17 (0.25%) PhD
17 15 (0.22%) ISEB Practitioner
18 13 (0.19%) Cisco Certification
19 12 (0.18%) SANS
20 11 (0.16%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 331 (4.85%) QA
2 36 (0.53%) Data Quality
3 24 (0.35%) SLA
4 20 (0.29%) GDPR
5 19 (0.28%) WCAG
6 12 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 12 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 11 (0.16%) PCI DSS
8 9 (0.13%) HL7
8 9 (0.13%) PSD2
9 7 (0.10%) MiFID
10 6 (0.088%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 6 (0.088%) PMO
11 4 (0.059%) SEPA
12 3 (0.044%) Basel III
12 3 (0.044%) COBIT
12 3 (0.044%) Government Security Classifications
12 3 (0.044%) NCSC
13 2 (0.029%) RMADS
13 2 (0.029%) WAI
System Software
1 1,171 (17.16%) Docker
2 102 (1.49%) Active Directory
3 60 (0.88%) HDFS
4 56 (0.82%) VMware Infrastructure
5 39 (0.57%) Postfix
6 29 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
6 29 (0.42%) Xen
7 17 (0.25%) OpenAM
7 17 (0.25%) OpenDJ
8 16 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
9 15 (0.22%) vSphere
10 11 (0.16%) NFS
11 9 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 7 (0.10%) Apache Flume
13 6 (0.088%) LXC
13 6 (0.088%) RACF
13 6 (0.088%) VMware ESXi
14 5 (0.073%) Firmware
14 5 (0.073%) GridGain
15 4 (0.059%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 878 (12.87%) Kubernetes
2 533 (7.81%) Terraform
3 450 (6.59%) Ansible
4 253 (3.71%) Puppet
5 177 (2.59%) Opscode Chef
6 64 (0.94%) Grafana
7 62 (0.91%) Kibana
8 52 (0.76%) Prometheus
9 43 (0.63%) Nagios
10 41 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
11 38 (0.56%) Packer
12 33 (0.48%) logstash
13 30 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
14 28 (0.41%) Amdocs OSS
15 26 (0.38%) Netcool
16 23 (0.34%) Consul
16 23 (0.34%) Netcool/OMNIbus
17 20 (0.29%) Data Guard
18 19 (0.28%) SCCM
19 16 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 1,004 (14.71%) Oracle
2 387 (5.67%) Microsoft
3 352 (5.16%) Google
4 222 (3.25%) SAP
5 182 (2.67%) Red Hat
6 171 (2.51%) IBM
7 135 (1.98%) Salesforce.com
8 125 (1.83%) MuleSoft
9 110 (1.61%) Sybase
10 107 (1.57%) webMethods
11 93 (1.36%) Splunk
12 77 (1.13%) Adobe
13 76 (1.11%) VMware
14 72 (1.06%) BEA
14 72 (1.06%) Cloudera
15 62 (0.91%) hybris
16 60 (0.88%) Atlassian
17 57 (0.84%) Axway
18 54 (0.79%) TIBCO
19 50 (0.73%) Informatica