Period
to 17 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
17 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 9 4 5
Rank change year-on-year -5 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 10,541 14,462 13,401
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 11.79% 14.15% 13.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.04% 31.82% 32.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,020 10,114 9,319
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% - +11.11%
10th Percentile £381 £363 £350
90th Percentile £688 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 82 95 138
UK median hourly rate £43.75 £43.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.74% +7.50% +11.11%
10th Percentile £27.50 £15.50 £26.25
90th Percentile £56.00 £74.50 £63.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £42.75
% change year-on-year -1.16% +0.58% +18.75%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 37,598 45,443 40,711
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.05% 44.48% 41.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 26,027 31,916 28,046
UK median daily rate £475 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £305
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 674 726 776
UK median hourly rate £43.75 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.42% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.25 £16.85 £15.79
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 17 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 17 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 9,632 £525 +2.44% 2,808
London 0 5,659 £575 +4.55% 1,399
UK excluding London -2 4,717 £475 +5.56% 1,665
South East -7 1,209 £459 -3.42% 392
North of England -6 1,037 £471 +8.33% 395
South West +1 633 £500 +17.65% 204
Scotland -4 552 £450 +5.88% 190
Midlands -7 550 £463 +8.82% 205
East of England 0 488 £475 -5.00% 213
North West -5 487 £450 +5.88% 214
Yorkshire -3 462 £475 +5.56% 135
West Midlands -5 374 £463 +2.78% 139
East Midlands -8 159 £450 +9.09% 65
Wales +1 128 £490 +12.00% 53
Northern Ireland +1 113 £475 +3.26% 16
North East -9 87 £475 +18.75% 46
Channel Islands +2 12 - -

For the 6 months to 17 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 5,264 (49.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,538 (24.08%) AWS
3 2,510 (23.81%) Python
4 2,479 (23.52%) JavaScript
5 2,396 (22.73%) Microservices
6 2,382 (22.60%) Spring
7 2,247 (21.32%) DevOps
8 2,187 (20.75%) Finance
9 2,172 (20.61%) TDD
10 2,039 (19.34%) SQL
11 2,025 (19.21%) Docker
12 1,884 (17.87%) Jenkins
13 1,823 (17.29%) Linux
14 1,700 (16.13%) Git (software)
15 1,627 (15.43%) Test Automation
16 1,597 (15.15%) Web Services
17 1,564 (14.84%) Scrum
18 1,471 (13.96%) Java 8
19 1,354 (12.85%) Software Engineering
20 1,323 (12.55%) Continuous Integration
21 1,312 (12.45%) Banking
22 1,287 (12.21%) Kubernetes
23 1,222 (11.59%) HTML
24 1,220 (11.57%) AngularJS
25 1,211 (11.49%) Oracle
26 1,199 (11.37%) Spring Boot
27 1,180 (11.19%) REST
28 1,177 (11.17%) Azure
29 1,141 (10.82%) BDD
30 1,131 (10.73%) Node.js

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 576 (5.46%) Confluence
2 509 (4.83%) Apache Spark
3 439 (4.16%) Apache
4 302 (2.87%) Tomcat
5 286 (2.71%) WebSphere
6 255 (2.42%) JBoss
7 244 (2.31%) Elasticsearch
8 193 (1.83%) WebLogic
9 146 (1.39%) CMS
10 106 (1.01%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 103 (0.98%) nginx
12 98 (0.93%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 93 (0.88%) Cloud Foundry
14 85 (0.81%) Mule
15 75 (0.71%) Apache Solr
16 63 (0.60%) IIS
17 61 (0.58%) Jetty
18 57 (0.54%) SharePoint
19 50 (0.47%) SAS
20 47 (0.45%) OpenStack
Applications
1 58 (0.55%) Photoshop
2 56 (0.53%) Microsoft Excel
3 33 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
4 23 (0.22%) Microsoft Project
5 22 (0.21%) GIMP
6 17 (0.16%) Sketch
7 16 (0.15%) Adobe Illustrator
8 10 (0.095%) MS Visio
8 10 (0.095%) Zeplin
9 7 (0.066%) Microsoft PowerPoint
10 6 (0.057%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 6 (0.057%) Chatbot
11 5 (0.047%) InVision
11 5 (0.047%) Spreadsheet
12 4 (0.038%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.038%) SPSS
13 3 (0.028%) Adobe XD
13 3 (0.028%) Stata
14 1 (0.009%) Marvel
14 1 (0.009%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 66 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 65 (0.62%) Magento
3 37 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
4 26 (0.25%) Distributed Ledger
5 25 (0.24%) SAP Hybris
6 24 (0.23%) Payment Gateway
7 23 (0.22%) Siebel CRM
8 21 (0.20%) ION MarketView
9 19 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
9 19 (0.18%) R3 Corda
9 19 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 18 (0.17%) BusinessWorks
11 16 (0.15%) Sonata
12 15 (0.14%) assyst
13 13 (0.12%) Dynamics AX
14 11 (0.10%) CSG Singleview
14 11 (0.10%) SAP S/4HANA
15 9 (0.085%) Dynamics NAV
15 9 (0.085%) Markit EDM
16 8 (0.076%) PolarLake
Cloud Services
1 2,538 (24.08%) AWS
2 1,177 (11.17%) Azure
3 630 (5.98%) Serverless
4 553 (5.25%) GCP
5 482 (4.57%) GitHub
6 453 (4.30%) AWS Lambda
7 419 (3.97%) Amazon S3
8 396 (3.76%) Amazon EC2
9 322 (3.05%) OpenShift
10 304 (2.88%) Amazon SQS
11 268 (2.54%) AWS CloudFormation
12 210 (1.99%) PaaS
13 190 (1.80%) Amazon ECS
14 144 (1.37%) SaaS
15 130 (1.23%) Cloud Computing
16 129 (1.22%) Amazon Kinesis
17 101 (0.96%) IaaS
18 100 (0.95%) Amazon CloudWatch
18 100 (0.95%) npm
19 90 (0.85%) Power Platform
Communications & Networking
1 306 (2.90%) HTTP
2 225 (2.13%) TCP/IP
3 145 (1.38%) SSL
4 140 (1.33%) DNS
4 140 (1.33%) Internet
5 116 (1.10%) Firewall
6 106 (1.01%) FTP
7 55 (0.52%) DHCP
8 50 (0.47%) IPsec
9 43 (0.41%) Ethernet
9 43 (0.41%) HTTPS
10 32 (0.30%) SSH
11 30 (0.28%) WAN
12 29 (0.28%) SAN
13 24 (0.23%) Kerberos
14 23 (0.22%) LAN
15 22 (0.21%) VPN
16 15 (0.14%) Intranet
16 15 (0.14%) Multicast
16 15 (0.14%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 738 (7.00%) NoSQL
2 671 (6.37%) Big Data
3 622 (5.90%) MongoDB
4 606 (5.75%) Relational Database
5 558 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
6 554 (5.26%) MySQL
7 540 (5.12%) Hadoop
8 491 (4.66%) SQL Server
9 314 (2.98%) Amazon RDS
10 306 (2.90%) RDBMS
11 281 (2.67%) Oracle Database
12 237 (2.25%) Amazon Redshift
13 234 (2.22%) Apache Cassandra
14 189 (1.79%) Data Warehouse
15 187 (1.77%) Apache Hive
16 160 (1.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
17 158 (1.50%) DB2
18 137 (1.30%) HBase
19 99 (0.94%) BigQuery
20 96 (0.91%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1,884 (17.87%) Jenkins
2 1,700 (16.13%) Git (software)
3 1,040 (9.87%) JIRA
4 900 (8.54%) Maven
5 819 (7.77%) Selenium
6 739 (7.01%) Cucumber
7 705 (6.69%) JUnit
8 383 (3.63%) Mockito
9 317 (3.01%) Gradle
10 270 (2.56%) GitLab
11 258 (2.45%) Subversion
12 249 (2.36%) Bitbucket
13 245 (2.32%) Eclipse
14 237 (2.25%) Artifactory
15 220 (2.09%) SonarQube
16 216 (2.05%) TeamCity
17 214 (2.03%) Sonatype Nexus
18 210 (1.99%) JMeter
19 190 (1.80%) WebDriver
20 158 (1.50%) SoapUI
General
1 2,187 (20.75%) Finance
2 1,312 (12.45%) Banking
3 622 (5.90%) Front Office
4 545 (5.17%) Public Sector
5 425 (4.03%) Investment Banking
6 341 (3.23%) Retail
7 216 (2.05%) Marketing
8 209 (1.98%) Telecoms
9 153 (1.45%) Games
10 107 (1.02%) Manufacturing
11 92 (0.87%) Financial Institution
12 83 (0.79%) Electronics
13 73 (0.69%) Retail Banking
14 71 (0.67%) Legal
15 61 (0.58%) Advertising
16 54 (0.51%) Law
17 53 (0.50%) Back Office
18 50 (0.47%) Publishing
19 48 (0.46%) Aerospace
20 44 (0.42%) Military
Job Titles
1 5,882 (55.80%) Developer
2 3,483 (33.04%) Java Developer
3 910 (8.63%) Senior Developer
4 792 (7.51%) Architect
5 667 (6.33%) DevOps Engineer
6 609 (5.78%) Senior Java Developer
7 539 (5.11%) Full Stack Developer
8 494 (4.69%) Java Engineer
9 483 (4.58%) Software Engineer
10 397 (3.77%) AWS Engineer
11 389 (3.69%) React Developer
12 379 (3.60%) AWS Developer
13 325 (3.08%) Analyst
14 323 (3.06%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 319 (3.03%) Tester
16 304 (2.88%) Data Engineer
17 287 (2.72%) Angular Developer
18 268 (2.54%) Lead Developer
19 250 (2.37%) Python Developer
20 246 (2.33%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,382 (22.60%) Spring
2 1,597 (15.15%) Web Services
3 1,222 (11.59%) HTML
4 1,220 (11.57%) AngularJS
5 1,199 (11.37%) Spring Boot
6 1,180 (11.19%) REST
7 1,131 (10.73%) Node.js
8 1,034 (9.81%) RESTful
9 1,006 (9.54%) CSS
10 979 (9.29%) React
11 844 (8.01%) Kafka
12 815 (7.73%) .NET
13 796 (7.55%) JSON
14 738 (7.00%) J2EE
15 714 (6.77%) SOAP
16 685 (6.50%) XML
17 589 (5.59%) Hibernate
18 515 (4.89%) HTML5
19 303 (2.87%) Middleware
20 296 (2.81%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 665 (6.31%) Greenfield Project
2 439 (4.16%) Analytical Skills
3 427 (4.05%) User Experience
4 284 (2.69%) Mobile App
5 283 (2.68%) Fixed Income
6 272 (2.58%) Derivative
7 259 (2.46%) Enterprise Software
8 243 (2.31%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 223 (2.12%) Algorithms
10 187 (1.77%) Data Structures
11 167 (1.58%) Equities
12 148 (1.40%) Public Cloud
13 146 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
14 136 (1.29%) Self-Motivation
15 132 (1.25%) Cloud Native
16 117 (1.11%) Virtual Team
17 79 (0.75%) Equity Derivative
18 77 (0.73%) Management Information System
19 75 (0.71%) Data Centre
20 58 (0.55%) Clustering
Operating Systems
1 1,823 (17.29%) Linux
2 927 (8.79%) Unix
3 596 (5.65%) Windows
4 420 (3.98%) Android
5 209 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 183 (1.74%) Apple iOS
7 148 (1.40%) CentOS
8 138 (1.31%) Mac OS X
9 105 (1.00%) Windows Server
10 89 (0.84%) Ubuntu
11 61 (0.58%) Mac OS
12 52 (0.49%) Solaris
13 45 (0.43%) AIX
14 39 (0.37%) Windows Server 2012
15 32 (0.30%) Debian
16 19 (0.18%) VMS
17 18 (0.17%) Windows 10
18 16 (0.15%) SUSE
18 16 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
19 15 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 5,264 (49.94%) Agile Software Development
2 2,396 (22.73%) Microservices
3 2,247 (21.32%) DevOps
4 2,172 (20.61%) TDD
5 1,627 (15.43%) Test Automation
6 1,564 (14.84%) Scrum
7 1,354 (12.85%) Software Engineering
8 1,323 (12.55%) Continuous Integration
9 1,141 (10.82%) BDD
10 788 (7.48%) Open Source
11 761 (7.22%) Problem-Solving
12 722 (6.85%) OO
13 610 (5.79%) Kanban
14 586 (5.56%) SDLC
15 571 (5.42%) Unit Testing
16 540 (5.12%) Analytics
17 530 (5.03%) E-Commerce
18 508 (4.82%) Front End Development
19 488 (4.63%) Mentoring
20 457 (4.34%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 2,510 (23.81%) Python
2 2,479 (23.52%) JavaScript
3 2,039 (19.34%) SQL
4 1,471 (13.96%) Java 8
5 966 (9.16%) C#
6 742 (7.04%) C++
7 739 (7.01%) Scala
8 501 (4.75%) Ruby
9 341 (3.23%) C
10 333 (3.16%) Kotlin
11 322 (3.05%) Shell Script
12 321 (3.05%) Go
13 317 (3.01%) TypeScript
14 314 (2.98%) Bash Shell
15 301 (2.86%) PL/SQL
16 296 (2.81%) Perl
17 286 (2.71%) PHP
18 274 (2.60%) Groovy
19 211 (2.00%) PowerShell
20 207 (1.96%) ES6
Qualifications
1 992 (9.41%) Security Cleared
2 712 (6.75%) SC Cleared
3 593 (5.63%) Degree
4 171 (1.62%) DV Cleared
5 145 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 131 (1.24%) AWS Certification
7 121 (1.15%) ISTQB
8 115 (1.09%) ISEB
9 96 (0.91%) BPSS Clearance
10 55 (0.52%) PhD
11 52 (0.49%) Master's Degree
12 44 (0.42%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 42 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
14 31 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
15 30 (0.28%) DBS Check
16 27 (0.26%) Sun Certification
17 25 (0.24%) CISSP
17 25 (0.24%) Numerate Degree
18 22 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
19 20 (0.19%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 515 (4.89%) QA
2 41 (0.39%) GDPR
3 36 (0.34%) PCI DSS
4 33 (0.31%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 31 (0.29%) Data Quality
6 23 (0.22%) SLA
6 23 (0.22%) WCAG
7 21 (0.20%) NIST
8 20 (0.19%) COBIT
9 19 (0.18%) PSD2
10 17 (0.16%) Disclosure Scotland
11 16 (0.15%) MiFID
12 11 (0.10%) PMO
13 6 (0.057%) EMIR
13 6 (0.057%) HL7
13 6 (0.057%) HMG Security Policy Framework
13 6 (0.057%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 6 (0.057%) JSP 440
13 6 (0.057%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 5 (0.047%) HMG Infosec
System Software
1 2,025 (19.21%) Docker
2 102 (0.97%) HDFS
3 101 (0.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 88 (0.83%) Active Directory
5 83 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
6 38 (0.36%) vSphere
7 33 (0.31%) Apache Flume
8 28 (0.27%) Postfix
9 25 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 24 (0.23%) LXC
11 21 (0.20%) Hyper-V
12 17 (0.16%) VMware ESXi
13 13 (0.12%) Xen
14 12 (0.11%) KVM
15 11 (0.10%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 10 (0.095%) VirtualBox
17 9 (0.085%) OpenAM
18 8 (0.076%) Oracle RAC
19 7 (0.066%) NetIQ eDirectory
19 7 (0.066%) RACF
Systems Management
1 1,287 (12.21%) Kubernetes
2 839 (7.96%) Ansible
3 771 (7.31%) Terraform
4 458 (4.34%) Puppet
5 327 (3.10%) Opscode Chef
6 102 (0.97%) Grafana
7 74 (0.70%) Prometheus
8 71 (0.67%) Kibana
9 63 (0.60%) Hadoop YARN
10 49 (0.46%) Salt
11 44 (0.42%) Amdocs OSS
11 44 (0.42%) HP Quality Center
11 44 (0.42%) Packer
12 43 (0.41%) Nagios
13 42 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
14 38 (0.36%) Nessus
15 33 (0.31%) logstash
16 32 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
17 29 (0.28%) ZABBIX
18 27 (0.26%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 1,211 (11.49%) Oracle
2 492 (4.67%) Google
3 484 (4.59%) Microsoft
4 353 (3.35%) IBM
5 286 (2.71%) Red Hat
6 224 (2.13%) SAP
7 205 (1.94%) Splunk
8 180 (1.71%) MuleSoft
9 165 (1.57%) VMware
10 163 (1.55%) Atlassian
11 137 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
12 134 (1.27%) Adobe
13 99 (0.94%) webMethods
14 90 (0.85%) Informatica
15 89 (0.84%) Cloudera
15 89 (0.84%) TIBCO
16 88 (0.83%) hybris
17 87 (0.83%) Sybase
18 78 (0.74%) AppDynamics
19 75 (0.71%) HP