Period
to 23 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
23 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 6 8
Rank change year-on-year +1 +2 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 13970 13272 11901
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.95% 12.59% 10.44%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.24% 31.40% 27.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 9864 9324 8031
UK median daily rate £500 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% - +4.65%
10th Percentile £350 £313 £313
90th Percentile £650 £625 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £405
% change year-on-year - +4.94% +8.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 140 137 221
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £36.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% -10.00% +11.11%
10th Percentile £26.08 £12.25 £24.00
90th Percentile £63.75 £50.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +16.67% -10.00% +14.29%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42022 42269 43529
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.95% 40.11% 38.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 29212 29052 29425
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +1.94%
10th Percentile £306 £281 £265
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 790 895 987
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.26% +15.50%
10th Percentile £15.98 £14.18 £15.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £37.48
% change year-on-year +8.00% +0.07% +15.31%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 23 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 23 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 12704 £500 +6.38% 1424
London +1 8137 £538 +7.50% 658
UK excluding London +1 5676 £425 - 842
South East +1 1677 £475 +5.56% 224
North of England +1 1293 £425 - 225
Scotland -1 696 £400 +10.34% 60
North West -2 603 £430 +1.18% 122
Yorkshire 0 582 £425 -5.56% 86
Midlands -8 579 £425 - 103
South West +1 500 £413 +3.13% 79
East of England -1 482 £450 +4.05% 134
Northern Ireland +11 316 £420 +9.09% 9
West Midlands -10 306 £438 +5.42% 59
East Midlands +1 266 £425 - 43
Wales 0 142 £450 -0.55% 8
North East +1 114 £400 +6.67% 17
Channel Islands +4 6 - -

For the 6 months to 23 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Java.

1 6987 (50.01%) Agile Software Development
2 3571 (25.56%) Spring
3 3412 (24.42%) JavaScript
4 3385 (24.23%) TDD
5 3200 (22.91%) Finance
6 3189 (22.83%) SQL
7 2852 (20.42%) Linux
8 2491 (17.83%) Git (software)
9 2461 (17.62%) Banking
10 2454 (17.57%) Web Services
11 2373 (16.99%) Jenkins
12 2353 (16.84%) Scrum
13 2337 (16.73%) HTML
14 2334 (16.71%) Test Automation
15 2299 (16.46%) Python
16 2249 (16.10%) Continuous Integration
17 2129 (15.24%) DevOps
18 2093 (14.98%) Oracle
19 2047 (14.65%) REST
20 2007 (14.37%) Microservices
21 1922 (13.76%) Amazon AWS
22 1814 (12.98%) BDD
23 1746 (12.50%) CSS
24 1725 (12.35%) Unix
25 1723 (12.33%) RESTful
26 1651 (11.82%) AngularJS
27 1585 (11.35%) Maven
28 1546 (11.07%) Docker
29 1507 (10.79%) OO
30 1450 (10.38%) XML

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 894 (6.40%) Tomcat
2 800 (5.73%) Apache Spark
3 724 (5.18%) Confluence
4 710 (5.08%) Apache
5 620 (4.44%) WebSphere
6 613 (4.39%) JBoss
7 452 (3.24%) Elasticsearch
8 363 (2.60%) WebLogic
9 255 (1.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 227 (1.62%) Apache Solr
11 215 (1.54%) Cloud Foundry
12 174 (1.25%) CMS
13 158 (1.13%) Mule
14 148 (1.06%) nginx
15 144 (1.03%) OpenStack
16 138 (0.99%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 135 (0.97%) IIS
18 126 (0.90%) WebSphere Application Server
19 119 (0.85%) WildFly
20 92 (0.66%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 80 (0.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 54 (0.39%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (0.21%) Photoshop
4 24 (0.17%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.14%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 14 (0.10%) OmniGraffle
7 13 (0.093%) Simulink
8 12 (0.086%) Chatbot
8 12 (0.086%) Spreadsheet
9 11 (0.079%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 9 (0.064%) HipChat
11 8 (0.057%) Adobe Illustrator
11 8 (0.057%) Pipeline Pilot
12 7 (0.050%) SmartSuite
13 6 (0.043%) Microsoft Project
14 4 (0.029%) SPSS
15 3 (0.021%) Mingle
16 1 (0.007%) Adobe Captivate
16 1 (0.007%) AutoCAD
16 1 (0.007%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 112 (0.80%) ION MarketView
2 64 (0.46%) Payment Gateway
3 55 (0.39%) Oracle BPM
4 43 (0.31%) SAP Hybris
5 38 (0.27%) Magento
6 30 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 27 (0.19%) Dynamics CRM
7 27 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
8 18 (0.13%) BusinessWorks
9 15 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
10 14 (0.10%) Actimize
10 14 (0.10%) R3 Corda
11 13 (0.093%) RMDS
12 12 (0.086%) Oracle Utilities
13 11 (0.079%) Oracle Retail
14 10 (0.072%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 9 (0.064%) Pega PRPC
16 8 (0.057%) SAP ERP
17 7 (0.050%) OpenText Process Suite
18 6 (0.043%) Kondor
Cloud Services
1 1922 (13.76%) Amazon AWS
2 536 (3.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 414 (2.96%) GitHub
4 305 (2.18%) PaaS
5 197 (1.41%) Amazon EC2
6 186 (1.33%) OpenShift
7 153 (1.10%) npm
8 149 (1.07%) Amazon S3
8 149 (1.07%) Cloud Computing
9 141 (1.01%) Serverless
10 126 (0.90%) IaaS
11 119 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
12 117 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
12 117 (0.84%) SaaS
13 74 (0.53%) AWS Lambda
14 71 (0.51%) IBM Cloud
15 70 (0.50%) Bluemix
15 70 (0.50%) Heroku
16 69 (0.49%) Amazon SQS
17 59 (0.42%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 512 (3.66%) HTTP
2 309 (2.21%) Internet
3 294 (2.10%) TCP/IP
4 204 (1.46%) SSL
5 194 (1.39%) LDAP
6 165 (1.18%) Firewall
7 137 (0.98%) Kerberos
8 133 (0.95%) DNS
9 78 (0.56%) Network Security
10 69 (0.49%) SMS
11 67 (0.48%) FTP
11 67 (0.48%) HTTPS
12 52 (0.37%) LAN
13 49 (0.35%) IPsec
14 45 (0.32%) SSH
15 43 (0.31%) Wireless
16 41 (0.29%) AMQP
17 40 (0.29%) BIG-IP
18 39 (0.28%) VPN
19 37 (0.26%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1277 (9.14%) NoSQL
2 1157 (8.28%) Relational Database
3 1122 (8.03%) Big Data
4 1091 (7.81%) MongoDB
5 1026 (7.34%) Hadoop
6 792 (5.67%) PostgreSQL
7 777 (5.56%) MySQL
8 757 (5.42%) SQL Server
9 528 (3.78%) RDBMS
10 435 (3.11%) Apache Cassandra
11 407 (2.91%) HBase
12 390 (2.79%) Oracle Database
13 349 (2.50%) Apache Hive
14 231 (1.65%) DB2
15 208 (1.49%) Redis
16 184 (1.32%) Data Warehouse
17 119 (0.85%) Impala
18 105 (0.75%) Sqoop
19 104 (0.74%) KDB
20 95 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 2491 (17.83%) Git (software)
2 2373 (16.99%) Jenkins
3 1585 (11.35%) Maven
4 1398 (10.01%) JIRA
5 1174 (8.40%) JUnit
6 1090 (7.80%) Selenium
7 1037 (7.42%) Cucumber
8 726 (5.20%) Subversion
9 516 (3.69%) Mockito
10 455 (3.26%) Gradle
11 448 (3.21%) Eclipse
12 407 (2.91%) IntelliJ
13 392 (2.81%) TeamCity
14 380 (2.72%) WebDriver
15 367 (2.63%) Ant
16 266 (1.90%) Sonatype Nexus
17 240 (1.72%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 237 (1.70%) SoapUI
19 220 (1.57%) Bitbucket
20 202 (1.45%) Grunt
General
1 3200 (22.91%) Finance
2 2461 (17.62%) Banking
3 1064 (7.62%) Front Office
4 904 (6.47%) Investment Banking
5 443 (3.17%) Retail
6 342 (2.45%) Telecoms
7 338 (2.42%) Marketing
8 230 (1.65%) Games
9 201 (1.44%) Manufacturing
10 182 (1.30%) Financial Institution
11 168 (1.20%) Electronics
12 126 (0.90%) Retail Banking
13 90 (0.64%) Publishing
14 88 (0.63%) Back Office
15 73 (0.52%) Advertising
16 61 (0.44%) Legal
17 50 (0.36%) Automotive
18 45 (0.32%) Billing
18 45 (0.32%) Law
19 38 (0.27%) French Language
Job Titles
1 8819 (63.13%) Developer
2 5897 (42.21%) Java Developer
3 1415 (10.13%) Senior Developer
4 1044 (7.47%) Senior Java Developer
5 855 (6.12%) Architect
6 690 (4.94%) DevOps Engineer
7 585 (4.19%) Agile Developer
8 557 (3.99%) Java Engineer
9 549 (3.93%) Analyst
10 503 (3.60%) Full Stack Developer
11 480 (3.44%) Agile Java Developer
12 476 (3.41%) JavaScript Developer
13 429 (3.07%) Scala Developer
14 382 (2.73%) Consultant
15 378 (2.71%) Tester
16 376 (2.69%) Angular Developer
17 356 (2.55%) Software Engineer
18 307 (2.20%) Android Developer
19 281 (2.01%) Software Developer
20 269 (1.93%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3571 (25.56%) Spring
2 2454 (17.57%) Web Services
3 2337 (16.73%) HTML
4 2047 (14.65%) REST
5 1746 (12.50%) CSS
6 1723 (12.33%) RESTful
7 1651 (11.82%) AngularJS
8 1450 (10.38%) XML
9 1446 (10.35%) Hibernate
10 1286 (9.21%) JSON
11 1222 (8.75%) Node.js
12 1200 (8.59%) J2EE
13 1146 (8.20%) HTML5
14 1100 (7.87%) SOAP
15 1073 (7.68%) Spring Boot
16 875 (6.26%) .NET
17 791 (5.66%) Kafka
18 771 (5.52%) React
19 638 (4.57%) Java EE
20 618 (4.42%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 908 (6.50%) Analytical Skills
2 681 (4.87%) Greenfield Project
3 655 (4.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 601 (4.30%) Computer Science
5 473 (3.39%) User Experience
6 415 (2.97%) Data Structures
7 411 (2.94%) Mobile App
8 405 (2.90%) Fixed Income
9 390 (2.79%) Equities
10 364 (2.61%) Derivative
11 345 (2.47%) Algorithms
12 261 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
13 215 (1.54%) Virtual Team
14 211 (1.51%) Fintech
15 159 (1.14%) Linux Command Line
16 137 (0.98%) Market Risk
17 127 (0.91%) Client/Server
18 121 (0.87%) Equity Derivative
19 109 (0.78%) Management Information System
20 103 (0.74%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 2852 (20.42%) Linux
2 1725 (12.35%) Unix
3 750 (5.37%) Windows
4 586 (4.19%) Android
5 435 (3.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 309 (2.21%) Apple iOS
7 177 (1.27%) CentOS
8 162 (1.16%) Mac OS X
9 131 (0.94%) Solaris
10 124 (0.89%) Windows Server
11 95 (0.68%) Ubuntu
12 67 (0.48%) AIX
13 56 (0.40%) Windows Server 2012
14 51 (0.37%) VMS
15 50 (0.36%) Windows 7
16 38 (0.27%) CoreOS
17 35 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
18 31 (0.22%) Mac OS
19 24 (0.17%) Debian
19 24 (0.17%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 6987 (50.01%) Agile Software Development
2 3385 (24.23%) TDD
3 2353 (16.84%) Scrum
4 2334 (16.71%) Test Automation
5 2249 (16.10%) Continuous Integration
6 2129 (15.24%) DevOps
7 2007 (14.37%) Microservices
8 1814 (12.98%) BDD
9 1507 (10.79%) OO
10 1327 (9.50%) Open Source
11 1211 (8.67%) Software Engineering
12 964 (6.90%) Multithreading
12 964 (6.90%) SDLC
13 904 (6.47%) MVC
14 859 (6.15%) Kanban
15 790 (5.65%) SOA
16 777 (5.56%) E-Commerce
17 705 (5.05%) Unit Testing
18 681 (4.87%) Configuration Management
19 663 (4.75%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3412 (24.42%) JavaScript
2 3189 (22.83%) SQL
3 2299 (16.46%) Python
4 1240 (8.88%) Scala
5 1217 (8.71%) C#
6 849 (6.08%) Ruby
7 709 (5.08%) C++
8 523 (3.74%) Bash Shell
9 520 (3.72%) Perl
10 430 (3.08%) Shell Script
11 390 (2.79%) Groovy
12 379 (2.71%) PL/SQL
13 321 (2.30%) PHP
14 310 (2.22%) Go
15 268 (1.92%) C
16 160 (1.15%) ES6
17 157 (1.12%) PowerShell
18 142 (1.02%) TypeScript
19 135 (0.97%) R
20 130 (0.93%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 972 (6.96%) Security Cleared
2 700 (5.01%) Degree
3 698 (5.00%) SC Cleared
4 221 (1.58%) Computer Science Degree
5 95 (0.68%) DV Cleared
6 93 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
7 91 (0.65%) ISEB
7 91 (0.65%) ISTQB
8 69 (0.49%) PhD
9 50 (0.36%) CISSP
10 48 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
11 34 (0.24%) Master's Degree
12 28 (0.20%) Microsoft Certification
13 27 (0.19%) CEH
13 27 (0.19%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 27 (0.19%) Sun Certification
14 26 (0.19%) RHCE
14 26 (0.19%) SANS
15 23 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
16 22 (0.16%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 798 (5.71%) QA
2 160 (1.15%) MiFID
3 65 (0.47%) Disclosure Scotland
4 55 (0.39%) Data Quality
5 47 (0.34%) PCI DSS
5 47 (0.34%) SLA
6 39 (0.28%) GDPR
7 31 (0.22%) WCAG
8 24 (0.17%) HL7
9 18 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
10 16 (0.11%) EMIR
11 12 (0.086%) GCP
11 12 (0.086%) PSD2
12 8 (0.057%) Actionable Recommendations
12 8 (0.057%) ISO 8583
13 7 (0.050%) AS 2805
14 6 (0.043%) SEPA
14 6 (0.043%) WAI
15 5 (0.036%) RosettaNet
16 3 (0.021%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 1546 (11.07%) Docker
2 275 (1.97%) HDFS
3 179 (1.28%) Active Directory
4 131 (0.94%) Apache Flume
5 113 (0.81%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 106 (0.76%) Virtual Machines
7 102 (0.73%) VMware Infrastructure
8 27 (0.19%) vSphere
9 21 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
9 21 (0.15%) Xen
10 18 (0.13%) Firmware
10 18 (0.13%) OpenAM
10 18 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
11 15 (0.11%) NFS
12 14 (0.10%) vCloud
13 13 (0.093%) etcd
13 13 (0.093%) Postfix
13 13 (0.093%) Squid
14 12 (0.086%) LXC
15 11 (0.079%) OpenDJ
Systems Management
1 1006 (7.20%) Ansible
2 965 (6.91%) Puppet
3 590 (4.22%) Opscode Chef
4 530 (3.79%) Kubernetes
5 355 (2.54%) Terraform
6 186 (1.33%) Kibana
7 184 (1.32%) logstash
8 121 (0.87%) Grafana
9 120 (0.86%) Hadoop YARN
9 120 (0.86%) Oozie
10 75 (0.54%) Nagios
11 67 (0.48%) Mesos
12 66 (0.47%) ZABBIX
13 57 (0.41%) HP Quality Center
14 56 (0.40%) Ambari
15 55 (0.39%) Consul
16 50 (0.36%) Packer
17 45 (0.32%) Salt
18 41 (0.29%) Docker Swarm
18 41 (0.29%) HP SiteScope
Vendors
1 2093 (14.98%) Oracle
2 492 (3.52%) IBM
3 433 (3.10%) Microsoft
4 396 (2.83%) Red Hat
5 323 (2.31%) Google
6 309 (2.21%) Sybase
7 302 (2.16%) SAP
8 267 (1.91%) TIBCO
9 232 (1.66%) Splunk
10 220 (1.57%) VMware
11 219 (1.57%) Salesforce.com
12 209 (1.50%) Atlassian
13 189 (1.35%) Adobe
14 173 (1.24%) HP
15 160 (1.15%) hybris
16 151 (1.08%) ION Trading
17 148 (1.06%) Cloudera
18 134 (0.96%) MuleSoft
19 124 (0.89%) AppDynamics
20 97 (0.69%) Perforce