Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 13,978 14,242 12,183
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 14.05% 14.20% 12.61%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.69% 33.75% 30.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,633 10,314 8,465
UK median daily rate £525 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
10th Percentile £375 £350 £320
90th Percentile £675 £663 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £430 £425
% change year-on-year +4.65% +1.18% +1.92%
Number of hourly rates quoted 97 113 150
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.00% - -
10th Percentile £29.61 £25.00 £14.50
90th Percentile £58.50 £63.00 £52.02
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.25 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +7.93% +2.50% -

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,107 42,199 39,431
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.34% 42.09% 40.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,967 29,800 27,080
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £320 £308 £288
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 672 758 860
UK median hourly rate £42.19 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.48% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.02 £16.35 £14.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.33 £52.17
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in the UK

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Java in the UK

Java
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the UK over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 12,741 £525 +2.94% 3,745
London 0 7,607 £550 +0.92% 1,763
UK excluding London 0 6,173 £450 +4.65% 2,249
South East -1 1,789 £475 - 652
North of England -2 1,262 £450 +5.88% 509
Midlands +12 836 £450 +7.14% 278
Scotland +2 754 £425 +6.25% 179
North West -1 648 £450 +5.88% 238
South West -2 639 £475 +8.57% 307
East of England 0 576 £510 +13.33% 238
West Midlands +14 552 £450 +12.50% 168
Yorkshire -4 497 £450 +5.88% 209
Wales +4 269 £450 - 59
East Midlands +2 266 £450 +5.88% 110
North East -2 123 £425 +3.03% 62
Northern Ireland -1 79 £417 -2.97% 29
Channel Islands -4 3 - -
Isle of Man - 2 - -

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Java.

1 7,208 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
2 3,876 (27.73%) Spring
3 3,313 (23.70%) TDD
4 3,212 (22.98%) Microservices
5 3,184 (22.78%) JavaScript
6 3,061 (21.90%) Jenkins
7 2,900 (20.75%) DevOps
8 2,837 (20.30%) Amazon AWS
9 2,831 (20.25%) Test Automation
10 2,637 (18.87%) SQL
11 2,578 (18.44%) Git (software)
12 2,547 (18.22%) Docker
13 2,519 (18.02%) Finance
14 2,481 (17.75%) Java 8
15 2,387 (17.08%) Python
16 2,224 (15.91%) Linux
17 2,215 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
18 2,202 (15.75%) Scrum
19 2,200 (15.74%) REST
20 2,093 (14.97%) BDD
21 2,035 (14.56%) Web Services
22 1,945 (13.91%) Spring Boot
23 1,927 (13.79%) Oracle
24 1,910 (13.66%) HTML
25 1,828 (13.08%) Maven
26 1,736 (12.42%) RESTful
27 1,726 (12.35%) Banking
28 1,575 (11.27%) AngularJS
29 1,563 (11.18%) JIRA
30 1,495 (10.70%) CSS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 906 (6.48%) Confluence
2 689 (4.93%) Tomcat
3 662 (4.74%) Apache
4 614 (4.39%) WebLogic
5 609 (4.36%) Apache Spark
6 601 (4.30%) WebSphere
7 528 (3.78%) Elasticsearch
8 428 (3.06%) JBoss
9 231 (1.65%) OpenStack
10 223 (1.60%) Mule
10 223 (1.60%) nginx
11 203 (1.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 190 (1.36%) Cloud Foundry
12 190 (1.36%) CMS
13 155 (1.11%) Jetty
14 130 (0.93%) IIS
15 119 (0.85%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 97 (0.69%) Apache Solr
17 92 (0.66%) Oracle Service Bus
18 87 (0.62%) WildFly
Applications
1 101 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (0.31%) Microsoft Office
3 33 (0.24%) MS Visio
4 25 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 25 (0.18%) Photoshop
5 18 (0.13%) Chatbot
5 18 (0.13%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.086%) Adobe Illustrator
7 9 (0.064%) SPSS
8 8 (0.057%) InVision
8 8 (0.057%) Spreadsheet
9 5 (0.036%) CATIA
10 4 (0.029%) Adobe Creative Suite
10 4 (0.029%) Windchill
11 3 (0.021%) Fireworks
11 3 (0.021%) GIMP
11 3 (0.021%) HipChat
12 2 (0.014%) 3ds Max
12 2 (0.014%) AutoCAD
12 2 (0.014%) EngageOne
Business Applications
1 46 (0.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 43 (0.31%) Oracle BPM
3 40 (0.29%) Maximo
4 38 (0.27%) SAP Hybris
5 36 (0.26%) ION MarketView
6 34 (0.24%) Endur
7 24 (0.17%) Oracle EBS R12
8 19 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
9 17 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
10 16 (0.11%) Actimize
11 15 (0.11%) SAP S/4HANA
12 12 (0.086%) BusinessWorks
12 12 (0.086%) Magento
12 12 (0.086%) SAP ERP
13 11 (0.079%) Oracle Financials
14 9 (0.064%) Distributed Ledger
14 9 (0.064%) Oracle Applications
14 9 (0.064%) SAP CRM
15 8 (0.057%) Payment Gateway
16 7 (0.050%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 2,837 (20.30%) Amazon AWS
2 1,314 (9.40%) Microsoft Azure
3 535 (3.83%) GitHub
4 450 (3.22%) Google Cloud Platform
5 329 (2.35%) Amazon EC2
6 310 (2.22%) Serverless
7 281 (2.01%) PaaS
8 228 (1.63%) AWS Lambda
9 223 (1.60%) OpenShift
10 197 (1.41%) Amazon S3
11 184 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
12 172 (1.23%) IaaS
13 170 (1.22%) SaaS
14 138 (0.99%) npm
15 124 (0.89%) Cloud Computing
16 110 (0.79%) Apigee
17 89 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 88 (0.63%) BrowserStack
19 82 (0.59%) Amazon CloudWatch
20 72 (0.52%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 597 (4.27%) HTTP
2 322 (2.30%) TCP/IP
3 291 (2.08%) SSL
4 203 (1.45%) DNS
5 138 (0.99%) FTP
6 123 (0.88%) Internet
7 109 (0.78%) Firewall
8 96 (0.69%) DHCP
9 85 (0.61%) IPsec
10 84 (0.60%) Kerberos
11 58 (0.41%) VPN
12 42 (0.30%) SSH
13 37 (0.26%) AMQP
14 36 (0.26%) Wireless
15 32 (0.23%) HTTPS
16 30 (0.21%) Ethernet
16 30 (0.21%) LAN
17 29 (0.21%) SAN
17 29 (0.21%) SNMP
18 28 (0.20%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,351 (9.67%) NoSQL
2 1,060 (7.58%) MongoDB
3 1,033 (7.39%) Relational Database
4 874 (6.25%) MySQL
5 869 (6.22%) Big Data
6 868 (6.21%) PostgreSQL
7 788 (5.64%) Hadoop
8 712 (5.09%) SQL Server
9 535 (3.83%) Apache Cassandra
10 409 (2.93%) RDBMS
11 310 (2.22%) Oracle Database
12 260 (1.86%) Apache Hive
13 259 (1.85%) HBase
14 204 (1.46%) Redis
15 165 (1.18%) DB2
16 161 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
17 135 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 115 (0.82%) Couchbase
19 106 (0.76%) Oracle Database 11g
20 96 (0.69%) Oracle Database 12c
Development Applications
1 3,061 (21.90%) Jenkins
2 2,578 (18.44%) Git (software)
3 1,828 (13.08%) Maven
4 1,563 (11.18%) JIRA
5 1,478 (10.57%) Selenium
6 1,299 (9.29%) Cucumber
7 1,198 (8.57%) JUnit
8 590 (4.22%) Gradle
9 547 (3.91%) Subversion
10 429 (3.07%) Mockito
11 424 (3.03%) WebDriver
12 382 (2.73%) JMeter
13 365 (2.61%) Eclipse
14 362 (2.59%) Bitbucket
15 349 (2.50%) SoapUI
16 339 (2.43%) SonarQube
17 292 (2.09%) Ant
18 290 (2.07%) TeamCity
19 277 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
20 267 (1.91%) IntelliJ
General
1 2,519 (18.02%) Finance
2 1,726 (12.35%) Banking
3 682 (4.88%) Front Office
4 439 (3.14%) Retail
5 405 (2.90%) Investment Banking
6 267 (1.91%) Telecoms
7 220 (1.57%) Marketing
8 165 (1.18%) Games
9 141 (1.01%) Advertising
10 134 (0.96%) Back Office
11 122 (0.87%) Manufacturing
12 115 (0.82%) Financial Institution
13 109 (0.78%) Electronics
14 104 (0.74%) Publishing
15 68 (0.49%) Law
16 64 (0.46%) Legal
17 47 (0.34%) Aerospace
18 39 (0.28%) Retail Banking
19 33 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
20 27 (0.19%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 8,198 (58.65%) Developer
2 5,492 (39.29%) Java Developer
3 1,147 (8.21%) Senior Developer
4 894 (6.40%) Architect
5 882 (6.31%) DevOps Engineer
6 823 (5.89%) Senior Java Developer
7 698 (4.99%) Full Stack Developer
8 681 (4.87%) Java Engineer
9 595 (4.26%) Tester
10 555 (3.97%) Analyst
11 513 (3.67%) Software Engineer
12 405 (2.90%) Automation Tester
13 374 (2.68%) Agile Developer
14 364 (2.60%) AWS Developer
15 325 (2.33%) Consultant
16 315 (2.25%) AWS Engineer
17 313 (2.24%) Test Analyst
18 302 (2.16%) Test Engineer
19 301 (2.15%) Software Developer
20 285 (2.04%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,876 (27.73%) Spring
2 2,200 (15.74%) REST
3 2,035 (14.56%) Web Services
4 1,945 (13.91%) Spring Boot
5 1,910 (13.66%) HTML
6 1,736 (12.42%) RESTful
7 1,575 (11.27%) AngularJS
8 1,495 (10.70%) CSS
9 1,330 (9.51%) Node.js
10 1,302 (9.31%) Hibernate
11 1,135 (8.12%) SOAP
12 1,127 (8.06%) XML
13 1,096 (7.84%) J2EE
14 1,095 (7.83%) JSON
15 1,060 (7.58%) Kafka
16 999 (7.15%) React
17 920 (6.58%) .NET
18 918 (6.57%) HTML5
19 569 (4.07%) Middleware
20 549 (3.93%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 1,093 (7.82%) Greenfield Project
2 609 (4.36%) Analytical Skills
3 387 (2.77%) Mobile App
4 371 (2.65%) User Experience
5 361 (2.58%) Fintech
6 320 (2.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 283 (2.02%) Algorithms
8 253 (1.81%) Derivative
8 253 (1.81%) Fixed Income
9 233 (1.67%) Equities
10 210 (1.50%) Data Structures
11 206 (1.47%) Enterprise Software
12 186 (1.33%) Self-Motivation
13 173 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
14 149 (1.07%) Data Centre
15 125 (0.89%) Cloud Native
15 125 (0.89%) Virtual Team
16 111 (0.79%) Public Cloud
17 84 (0.60%) Equity Derivative
17 84 (0.60%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 2,224 (15.91%) Linux
2 1,288 (9.21%) Unix
3 717 (5.13%) Windows
4 511 (3.66%) Android
5 283 (2.02%) Apple iOS
6 265 (1.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 117 (0.84%) Ubuntu
8 105 (0.75%) CentOS
9 102 (0.73%) Windows Server
10 77 (0.55%) Mac OS X
11 68 (0.49%) Solaris
11 68 (0.49%) VMS
12 33 (0.24%) AIX
13 30 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
14 26 (0.19%) Debian
15 20 (0.14%) SUSE
16 17 (0.12%) Kali Linux
17 16 (0.11%) Windows 10
17 16 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
18 14 (0.10%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 7,208 (51.57%) Agile Software Development
2 3,313 (23.70%) TDD
3 3,212 (22.98%) Microservices
4 2,900 (20.75%) DevOps
5 2,831 (20.25%) Test Automation
6 2,215 (15.85%) Continuous Integration
7 2,202 (15.75%) Scrum
8 2,093 (14.97%) BDD
9 1,382 (9.89%) Software Engineering
10 1,275 (9.12%) OO
11 1,206 (8.63%) Open Source
12 1,019 (7.29%) Problem-Solving
13 786 (5.62%) Kanban
14 774 (5.54%) Configuration Management
15 738 (5.28%) Multithreading
16 734 (5.25%) SDLC
17 711 (5.09%) Continuous Delivery
18 708 (5.07%) SOA
19 693 (4.96%) MVC
20 683 (4.89%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 3,184 (22.78%) JavaScript
2 2,637 (18.87%) SQL
3 2,481 (17.75%) Java 8
4 2,387 (17.08%) Python
5 1,126 (8.06%) Scala
6 1,114 (7.97%) C#
7 705 (5.04%) C++
8 671 (4.80%) Ruby
9 465 (3.33%) Groovy
10 431 (3.08%) Bash Shell
11 396 (2.83%) Perl
12 373 (2.67%) Shell Script
13 336 (2.40%) C
14 331 (2.37%) PL/SQL
15 329 (2.35%) PHP
16 307 (2.20%) Go
17 266 (1.90%) Kotlin
18 232 (1.66%) PowerShell
19 208 (1.49%) TypeScript
20 197 (1.41%) ES6
Qualifications
1 1,147 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 863 (6.17%) SC Cleared
3 757 (5.42%) Degree
4 267 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
5 199 (1.42%) ISTQB
6 192 (1.37%) BPSS Clearance
7 178 (1.27%) ISEB
8 166 (1.19%) DV Cleared
9 84 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 62 (0.44%) AWS Certification
11 52 (0.37%) Master's Degree
12 44 (0.31%) Numerate Degree
13 39 (0.28%) CISSP
14 29 (0.21%) DBS Check
15 28 (0.20%) Sun Certification
16 27 (0.19%) PhD
17 24 (0.17%) PMI Certification
18 22 (0.16%) CTC Cleared
18 22 (0.16%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
19 21 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 792 (5.67%) QA
2 51 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
3 47 (0.34%) GDPR
4 39 (0.28%) SLA
5 37 (0.26%) Data Quality
6 35 (0.25%) PSD2
7 29 (0.21%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 28 (0.20%) HMG Infosec
8 28 (0.20%) JSP 440
9 24 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 23 (0.16%) PCI DSS
11 21 (0.15%) PMO
12 19 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 10 (0.072%) HIPAA
13 10 (0.072%) HL7
13 10 (0.072%) ISO 9001
13 10 (0.072%) MiFID
14 8 (0.057%) ISAE 3402
14 8 (0.057%) ISO 22301
14 8 (0.057%) ISO 31000
System Software
1 2,547 (18.22%) Docker
2 213 (1.52%) VMware Infrastructure
3 159 (1.14%) HDFS
4 135 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
5 111 (0.79%) Active Directory
6 99 (0.71%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 75 (0.54%) Xen
8 72 (0.52%) vSphere
9 51 (0.36%) Apache Flume
10 44 (0.31%) OpenAM
11 35 (0.25%) Oracle RAC
12 32 (0.23%) NFS
13 25 (0.18%) OpenDJ
14 24 (0.17%) Hyper-V
14 24 (0.17%) VirtualBox
15 20 (0.14%) Firmware
16 18 (0.13%) KVM
17 12 (0.086%) Postfix
18 11 (0.079%) Virtual Servers
19 10 (0.072%) Squid
Systems Management
1 1,363 (9.75%) Ansible
2 1,181 (8.45%) Kubernetes
3 1,039 (7.43%) Puppet
4 799 (5.72%) Terraform
5 767 (5.49%) Opscode Chef
6 217 (1.55%) Kibana
7 136 (0.97%) Grafana
7 136 (0.97%) Packer
8 124 (0.89%) Hadoop YARN
8 124 (0.89%) logstash
9 109 (0.78%) Mesos
10 98 (0.70%) Single Sign-On
11 81 (0.58%) Docker Swarm
12 78 (0.56%) Nagios
12 78 (0.56%) Salt
13 68 (0.49%) Prometheus
14 64 (0.46%) ZABBIX
15 60 (0.43%) Cobbler
16 56 (0.40%) Rancher
17 46 (0.33%) Oozie
Vendors
1 1,927 (13.79%) Oracle
2 591 (4.23%) Microsoft
3 586 (4.19%) Google
4 370 (2.65%) IBM
5 359 (2.57%) SAP
6 256 (1.83%) VMware
7 238 (1.70%) Splunk
8 213 (1.52%) Red Hat
9 207 (1.48%) MuleSoft
10 204 (1.46%) Atlassian
11 183 (1.31%) Adobe
12 153 (1.09%) Salesforce.com
13 145 (1.04%) webMethods
14 141 (1.01%) hybris
15 140 (1.00%) Sybase
16 125 (0.89%) TIBCO
17 110 (0.79%) WSO2
18 100 (0.72%) AppDynamics
19 99 (0.71%) Pega
20 87 (0.62%) New Relic