Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13,829 13,613 14,214
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.31% 13.23% 13.39%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.79% 31.54% 33.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,603 9,380 9,730
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £301 £288 £263
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £360
% change year-on-year +6.67% +4.17% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 180 250 285
UK median hourly rate £27.50 £27.16 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.25% -3.00% -
10th Percentile £12.35 £13.10 £13.07
90th Percentile £55.10 £53.88 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.87 £31.15 £28.00
% change year-on-year -16.97% +11.25% -8.94%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 46,417 43,161 42,827
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.66% 41.94% 40.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,637 30,153 29,384
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £308 £281
90th Percentile £638 £638 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 686 804 897
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +1.35%
10th Percentile £16.46 £16.25 £14.25
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.31 £37.50
% change year-on-year +4.21% +7.48% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 12,493 £450 +3.45% 5,149
UK excluding London 0 7,312 £400 +6.67% 3,682
London +2 6,335 £500 +2.56% 1,809
South East 0 2,007 £425 +6.25% 837
North of England +2 1,641 £380 +1.33% 1,001
Midlands +1 1,040 £400 +6.67% 702
South West +1 873 £413 +7.14% 439
Scotland +1 824 £400 +5.26% 209
North West 0 782 £375 - 545
Yorkshire +2 702 £400 +6.67% 371
West Midlands +1 674 £400 +6.67% 428
East of England -2 571 £413 +13.01% 367
East Midlands 0 362 £388 +10.71% 273
Wales -1 263 £425 +15.65% 94
North East 0 160 £375 -6.25% 85
Northern Ireland +4 91 £412 -0.12% 38
Channel Islands 0 5 £425 +41.67% 2
Isle of Man - 5 £348 -

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,407 (31.87%) Agile Software Development
2 4,000 (28.92%) SQL Server
3 3,282 (23.73%) C#
4 3,144 (22.73%) Finance
5 3,088 (22.33%) .NET
6 2,926 (21.16%) Oracle
7 2,810 (20.32%) Java
8 2,631 (19.03%) Microsoft
9 2,358 (17.05%) JavaScript
10 2,017 (14.59%) Microsoft Azure
11 1,966 (14.22%) Business Intelligence
12 1,830 (13.23%) Python
13 1,813 (13.11%) Windows
14 1,683 (12.17%) Linux
15 1,634 (11.82%) ETL
16 1,549 (11.20%) T-SQL
17 1,535 (11.10%) HTML
18 1,485 (10.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,483 (10.72%) Data Warehouse
20 1,459 (10.55%) TDD
21 1,454 (10.51%) Test Automation
22 1,441 (10.42%) Unix
23 1,419 (10.26%) Scrum
24 1,378 (9.96%) Git (software)
25 1,356 (9.81%) Analytical Skills
26 1,308 (9.46%) XML
27 1,281 (9.26%) Banking
28 1,277 (9.23%) MVC
28 1,277 (9.23%) Analytics
29 1,259 (9.10%) Web Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 490 (3.54%) Apache Spark
2 407 (2.94%) Confluence
3 362 (2.62%) SharePoint
4 359 (2.60%) Apache
5 344 (2.49%) SAS
6 334 (2.42%) IIS
7 327 (2.36%) WebLogic
8 270 (1.95%) Elasticsearch
9 234 (1.69%) Tomcat
10 192 (1.39%) CMS
11 188 (1.36%) WebSphere
12 159 (1.15%) MS Exchange
13 145 (1.05%) JBoss
14 104 (0.75%) nginx
15 103 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 73 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
17 67 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
18 60 (0.43%) NServiceBus
19 58 (0.42%) Exchange Server 2010
20 56 (0.40%) Mule
Applications
1 924 (6.68%) Microsoft Excel
2 280 (2.02%) Microsoft Office
3 140 (1.01%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 119 (0.86%) MS Visio
5 76 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
6 70 (0.51%) Spreadsheet
7 37 (0.27%) SPSS
8 19 (0.14%) Chatbot
9 17 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 6 (0.043%) Adobe Illustrator
10 6 (0.043%) Windchill
11 4 (0.029%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.029%) AutoCAD
11 4 (0.029%) Stata
12 3 (0.022%) GNU Octave
12 3 (0.022%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.022%) Mathematica
13 2 (0.014%) Autodesk Inventor
13 2 (0.014%) Mozilla Thunderbird
14 1 (0.007%) InVision
Business Applications
1 221 (1.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 107 (0.77%) Oracle EBS
3 89 (0.64%) Oracle EBS R12
4 69 (0.50%) Markit EDM
5 62 (0.45%) Dynamics AX
6 59 (0.43%) Oracle Receivables
7 55 (0.40%) Oracle Payables
8 44 (0.32%) Dynamics NAV
9 43 (0.31%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 38 (0.27%) Oracle Financials
11 35 (0.25%) Maximo
12 34 (0.25%) Remedy ITSM
13 33 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
14 28 (0.20%) thinkFolio
15 25 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
15 25 (0.18%) Oracle ERP
15 25 (0.18%) Oracle Retail
16 24 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
17 22 (0.16%) Sage 200
18 21 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 2,017 (14.59%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,218 (8.81%) Amazon AWS
3 313 (2.26%) Office 365
4 301 (2.18%) Google Cloud Platform
5 273 (1.97%) PaaS
6 262 (1.89%) GitHub
7 221 (1.60%) IaaS
8 220 (1.59%) Amazon EC2
9 212 (1.53%) Amazon S3
10 172 (1.24%) SaaS
11 168 (1.21%) Dynamics 365
12 165 (1.19%) Azure Data Factory
13 135 (0.98%) Serverless
14 124 (0.90%) Azure Active Directory
15 123 (0.89%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 116 (0.84%) Cloud Computing
16 116 (0.84%) Google Analytics
17 96 (0.69%) Amazon EMR
18 89 (0.64%) npm
19 53 (0.38%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 260 (1.88%) Firewall
2 224 (1.62%) HTTP
3 220 (1.59%) DNS
4 216 (1.56%) TCP/IP
5 182 (1.32%) Internet
6 149 (1.08%) SAN
7 144 (1.04%) SSL
8 111 (0.80%) LAN
9 110 (0.80%) DHCP
10 98 (0.71%) WAN
11 87 (0.63%) VPN
12 61 (0.44%) AMQP
13 53 (0.38%) Skype
14 52 (0.38%) NAS
15 50 (0.36%) SMS
16 49 (0.35%) Kerberos
17 43 (0.31%) SSH
18 36 (0.26%) Intranet
19 35 (0.25%) HTTPS
19 35 (0.25%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 4,000 (28.92%) SQL Server
2 1,485 (10.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,483 (10.72%) Data Warehouse
4 1,164 (8.42%) Relational Database
5 1,152 (8.33%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,096 (7.93%) NoSQL
7 853 (6.17%) Power BI
8 775 (5.60%) Big Data
9 697 (5.04%) MySQL
10 665 (4.81%) Hadoop
11 654 (4.73%) MongoDB
12 618 (4.47%) PostgreSQL
13 609 (4.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 608 (4.40%) Oracle Database
15 425 (3.07%) RDBMS
16 400 (2.89%) Azure SQL Database
17 361 (2.61%) SQL Server 2008
18 340 (2.46%) Apache Hive
19 320 (2.31%) SQL Server 2012
20 313 (2.26%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,378 (9.96%) Git (software)
2 1,110 (8.03%) JIRA
3 910 (6.58%) Jenkins
4 673 (4.87%) Selenium
5 578 (4.18%) Visual Studio
6 574 (4.15%) Team Foundation Server
7 471 (3.41%) Cucumber
8 411 (2.97%) Maven
9 400 (2.89%) JUnit
10 370 (2.68%) Subversion
11 356 (2.57%) TeamCity
12 322 (2.33%) Visual Studio Team System
13 228 (1.65%) SoapUI
14 210 (1.52%) Eclipse
15 203 (1.47%) SpecFlow
16 175 (1.27%) JMeter
17 167 (1.21%) Bitbucket
18 163 (1.18%) Toad
19 158 (1.14%) NUnit
20 153 (1.11%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 3,144 (22.73%) Finance
2 1,281 (9.26%) Banking
3 616 (4.45%) Front Office
4 477 (3.45%) Retail
5 405 (2.93%) Investment Banking
6 350 (2.53%) Marketing
7 199 (1.44%) Telecoms
8 186 (1.34%) Legal
9 175 (1.27%) Back Office
10 153 (1.11%) Advertising
11 150 (1.08%) Manufacturing
12 135 (0.98%) Financial Institution
13 102 (0.74%) Law
14 91 (0.66%) Publishing
15 72 (0.52%) Games
16 67 (0.48%) Billing
17 64 (0.46%) General Ledger
18 61 (0.44%) Electronics
19 46 (0.33%) Retail Banking
20 44 (0.32%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,768 (48.94%) Developer
2 2,164 (15.65%) Analyst
3 1,366 (9.88%) .NET Developer
4 1,318 (9.53%) SQL Developer
5 1,188 (8.59%) C# Developer
6 1,033 (7.47%) Java Developer
7 614 (4.44%) Architect
8 613 (4.43%) Senior Developer
9 605 (4.37%) Data Analyst
10 579 (4.19%) C# .NET Developer
11 530 (3.83%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 530 (3.83%) Consultant
12 465 (3.36%) Test Analyst
13 418 (3.02%) DBA
14 401 (2.90%) Data Engineer
15 392 (2.83%) Full Stack Developer
16 387 (2.80%) SQL Analyst
17 356 (2.57%) Tester
18 333 (2.41%) Business Analyst
19 326 (2.36%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,088 (22.33%) .NET
2 1,535 (11.10%) HTML
3 1,308 (9.46%) XML
4 1,259 (9.10%) Web Services
5 1,236 (8.94%) CSS
6 1,202 (8.69%) ASP.NET
7 1,163 (8.41%) AngularJS
8 896 (6.48%) Spring
9 884 (6.39%) REST
10 833 (6.02%) .NET Framework
11 729 (5.27%) ASP.NET Web API
12 636 (4.60%) jQuery
13 610 (4.41%) JSON
14 607 (4.39%) SOAP
15 561 (4.06%) Node.js
16 526 (3.80%) ASP.NET MVC
17 514 (3.72%) RESTful
18 508 (3.67%) React
19 488 (3.53%) HTML5
20 484 (3.50%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 1,356 (9.81%) Analytical Skills
2 632 (4.57%) Greenfield Project
3 472 (3.41%) Computer Science
4 370 (2.68%) Fixed Income
5 278 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
6 268 (1.94%) Self-Motivation
7 258 (1.87%) Data Structures
8 255 (1.84%) Fintech
9 242 (1.75%) User Experience
10 232 (1.68%) Algorithms
11 221 (1.60%) Derivative
12 220 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 202 (1.46%) Management Information System
14 181 (1.31%) Data Centre
15 174 (1.26%) Clustering
16 158 (1.14%) Mobile App
17 155 (1.12%) Equities
18 136 (0.98%) Hedge funds
18 136 (0.98%) Replication
19 107 (0.77%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,813 (13.11%) Windows
2 1,683 (12.17%) Linux
3 1,441 (10.42%) Unix
4 692 (5.00%) Windows Server
5 233 (1.68%) Windows Server 2012
6 230 (1.66%) Windows Server 2008
7 221 (1.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 126 (0.91%) Apple iOS
9 121 (0.87%) Windows 10
10 117 (0.85%) Windows 7
11 112 (0.81%) Android
12 103 (0.74%) Solaris
13 92 (0.67%) AIX
14 87 (0.63%) Windows Server 2003
15 81 (0.59%) Ubuntu
16 62 (0.45%) CentOS
17 31 (0.22%) VMS
18 29 (0.21%) CoreOS
18 29 (0.21%) OpenVMS
19 21 (0.15%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,407 (31.87%) Agile Software Development
2 1,966 (14.22%) Business Intelligence
3 1,634 (11.82%) ETL
4 1,459 (10.55%) TDD
5 1,454 (10.51%) Test Automation
6 1,419 (10.26%) Scrum
7 1,277 (9.23%) Analytics
7 1,277 (9.23%) MVC
8 1,130 (8.17%) DevOps
9 1,129 (8.16%) Problem-Solving
10 1,065 (7.70%) Continuous Integration
11 1,042 (7.53%) Migration
12 966 (6.99%) Data Modelling
13 902 (6.52%) Microservices
14 836 (6.05%) SDLC
15 832 (6.02%) BDD
16 716 (5.18%) Data Analysis
17 709 (5.13%) Software Engineering
18 681 (4.92%) OO
19 591 (4.27%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,282 (23.73%) C#
2 2,810 (20.32%) Java
3 2,358 (17.05%) JavaScript
4 1,830 (13.23%) Python
5 1,549 (11.20%) T-SQL
6 1,120 (8.10%) PL/SQL
7 796 (5.76%) PowerShell
8 535 (3.87%) Shell Script
9 418 (3.02%) Perl
10 401 (2.90%) Scala
11 386 (2.79%) R
12 383 (2.77%) VBA
13 378 (2.73%) C++
14 365 (2.64%) Java 8
15 341 (2.47%) PHP
16 307 (2.22%) Bash Shell
17 263 (1.90%) Ruby
18 247 (1.79%) VB.NET
19 242 (1.75%) VB
20 239 (1.73%) C
Qualifications
1 880 (6.36%) Security Cleared
2 788 (5.70%) Degree
3 643 (4.65%) SC Cleared
4 303 (2.19%) ISTQB
5 252 (1.82%) ISEB
6 193 (1.40%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 184 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
8 127 (0.92%) DV Cleared
9 125 (0.90%) Microsoft Certification
10 65 (0.47%) MCSE
11 59 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
12 52 (0.38%) Master's Degree
13 48 (0.35%) PhD
14 47 (0.34%) Numerate Degree
15 33 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
16 32 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
16 32 (0.23%) MCSA
17 28 (0.20%) CISSP
17 28 (0.20%) DBS Check
18 25 (0.18%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 631 (4.56%) QA
2 448 (3.24%) Data Quality
3 136 (0.98%) GDPR
4 105 (0.76%) SLA
5 51 (0.37%) PMO
6 25 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
7 23 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 23 (0.17%) MiFID
8 21 (0.15%) IFRS
9 18 (0.13%) Basel III
9 18 (0.13%) FINRA
10 16 (0.12%) EMIR
11 15 (0.11%) IFRS 9
11 15 (0.11%) PCI DSS
12 11 (0.080%) Dodd-Frank
12 11 (0.080%) HL7
12 11 (0.080%) Solvency II
13 10 (0.072%) WCAG
14 8 (0.058%) ISO 9001
15 7 (0.051%) TickIT
System Software
1 695 (5.03%) Docker
2 634 (4.58%) Active Directory
3 325 (2.35%) VMware Infrastructure
4 199 (1.44%) Hyper-V
5 115 (0.83%) HDFS
6 93 (0.67%) XenApp
7 88 (0.64%) vSphere
8 87 (0.63%) VMware ESXi
9 80 (0.58%) Oracle RAC
9 80 (0.58%) Virtual Machines
10 58 (0.42%) Microsoft App-V
11 34 (0.25%) Apache Flume
12 31 (0.22%) XenDesktop
13 25 (0.18%) etcd
13 25 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
14 23 (0.17%) Xen
15 22 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 22 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
16 21 (0.15%) flannel
16 21 (0.15%) SkyDNS
Systems Management
1 363 (2.62%) Ansible
2 321 (2.32%) Puppet
3 316 (2.29%) Kubernetes
4 276 (2.00%) Opscode Chef
5 202 (1.46%) SCCM
6 162 (1.17%) Terraform
7 102 (0.74%) Kibana
8 99 (0.72%) SCOM
9 85 (0.61%) HP ALM
10 81 (0.59%) Hadoop YARN
11 70 (0.51%) Microsoft Clustering
11 70 (0.51%) Oozie
12 68 (0.49%) Grafana
13 67 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
14 56 (0.40%) Prometheus
15 54 (0.39%) NetBackup
16 52 (0.38%) logstash
17 48 (0.35%) Data Guard
18 46 (0.33%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
19 44 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
Vendors
1 2,926 (21.16%) Oracle
2 2,631 (19.03%) Microsoft
3 583 (4.22%) Tableau
4 519 (3.75%) VMware
5 461 (3.33%) Google
6 431 (3.12%) SAP
7 308 (2.23%) IBM
8 263 (1.90%) Citrix
9 252 (1.82%) HP
10 222 (1.61%) Informatica
11 177 (1.28%) webMethods
12 175 (1.27%) Teradata
13 174 (1.26%) Cisco
14 168 (1.21%) Red Hat
15 158 (1.14%) Salesforce.com
16 157 (1.14%) Sybase
17 141 (1.02%) Talend
18 140 (1.01%) Cloudera
19 118 (0.85%) Splunk
20 107 (0.77%) Adobe