Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13611 14045 16720
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.20% 13.34% 14.71%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.50% 33.09% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 9345 9612 11371
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +4.83% +3.57% +0.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 253 286 352
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £28.00 £27.89
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.57% +0.39% +7.79%
10th Percentile £13.26 £13.19 £12.53
90th Percentile £52.90 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £28.00 £31.51
% change year-on-year +7.14% -11.14% +26.04%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43210 42451 43594
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.91% 40.33% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 30200 29151 29477
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £283 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 801 886 1045
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.44 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.96% +0.67% +19.05%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 12411 £438 +9.38% 2439
London -1 6809 £489 +8.61% 977
UK excluding London -1 6621 £380 +4.83% 1577
South East 0 1937 £400 +6.67% 422
North of England 0 1384 £375 +7.14% 466
Midlands -1 916 £375 +3.45% 252
South West +1 699 £388 +7.64% 154
North West 0 685 £375 +7.14% 255
Scotland -1 683 £380 +11.76% 88
East of England 0 626 £375 +7.14% 165
Yorkshire 0 572 £388 +6.90% 179
West Midlands -1 524 £375 - 135
East Midlands -2 379 £351 +0.36% 111
Wales +5 240 £363 -3.33% 18
North East 0 151 £413 +21.32% 32
Northern Ireland -4 149 £413 +11.79% 12
Channel Islands +1 2 £300 -28.36% 1

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4145 (30.45%) Agile Software Development
2 3841 (28.22%) SQL Server
3 3321 (24.40%) Java
4 3209 (23.58%) Finance
5 2870 (21.09%) Oracle
6 2777 (20.40%) C#
7 2721 (19.99%) .NET
8 2386 (17.53%) Microsoft
9 2333 (17.14%) JavaScript
10 1838 (13.50%) Business Intelligence
11 1831 (13.45%) Linux
12 1727 (12.69%) Banking
13 1704 (12.52%) HTML
14 1677 (12.32%) Windows
15 1589 (11.67%) Unix
16 1514 (11.12%) Python
17 1510 (11.09%) ETL
18 1507 (11.07%) Analytical Skills
19 1471 (10.81%) T-SQL
20 1406 (10.33%) Data Warehouse
21 1400 (10.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 1379 (10.13%) Web Services
23 1361 (10.00%) MVC
24 1358 (9.98%) XML
25 1353 (9.94%) TDD
26 1260 (9.26%) CSS
27 1206 (8.86%) Git (software)
28 1186 (8.71%) Scrum
29 1184 (8.70%) Relational Database
30 1153 (8.47%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 470 (3.45%) SharePoint
2 431 (3.17%) Apache Spark
3 383 (2.81%) IIS
4 355 (2.61%) SAS
5 339 (2.49%) Confluence
6 302 (2.22%) Apache
7 290 (2.13%) Tomcat
8 272 (2.00%) JBoss
9 230 (1.69%) WebLogic
10 228 (1.68%) WebSphere
11 207 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
12 177 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 171 (1.26%) CMS
14 145 (1.07%) MS Exchange
15 98 (0.72%) BizTalk Server
16 86 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
17 85 (0.62%) Apache Solr
18 62 (0.46%) Skype for Business
19 53 (0.39%) Umbraco
20 49 (0.36%) Drupal
Applications
1 872 (6.41%) Microsoft Excel
2 342 (2.51%) Microsoft Office
3 157 (1.15%) MS Visio
4 121 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 52 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
6 50 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
7 44 (0.32%) SPSS
8 16 (0.12%) Stata
9 13 (0.096%) Simulink
10 7 (0.051%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.051%) SmartSuite
11 5 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.037%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.029%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.029%) Mingle
12 4 (0.029%) RoboHelp
12 4 (0.029%) Snagit
13 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.015%) Weka
14 1 (0.007%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 257 (1.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 149 (1.09%) Markit EDM
3 103 (0.76%) Dynamics AX
4 95 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
5 74 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
6 64 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
7 57 (0.42%) Oracle Receivables
8 53 (0.39%) ION MarketView
9 42 (0.31%) Oracle Payables
10 35 (0.26%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 32 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
12 31 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
13 28 (0.21%) Magento
13 28 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
14 26 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
15 25 (0.18%) Maximo
15 25 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
15 25 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
16 24 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
16 24 (0.18%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 943 (6.93%) Microsoft Azure
2 881 (6.47%) Amazon AWS
3 203 (1.49%) PaaS
4 194 (1.43%) Office 365
5 139 (1.02%) GitHub
6 126 (0.93%) IaaS
7 114 (0.84%) SaaS
8 105 (0.77%) Serverless
9 102 (0.75%) Google Cloud Platform
10 84 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
11 78 (0.57%) Amazon S3
11 78 (0.57%) Dynamics 365
12 76 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
13 63 (0.46%) Slack
14 52 (0.38%) AWS Lambda
15 47 (0.35%) Google Analytics
16 46 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
17 42 (0.31%) Amazon EMR
18 41 (0.30%) npm
19 37 (0.27%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 292 (2.15%) Firewall
2 218 (1.60%) TCP/IP
3 199 (1.46%) HTTP
4 197 (1.45%) DNS
5 187 (1.37%) Internet
6 170 (1.25%) SAN
7 129 (0.95%) SSL
8 128 (0.94%) LDAP
9 127 (0.93%) LAN
10 107 (0.79%) WAN
11 100 (0.73%) DHCP
12 83 (0.61%) SMS
13 79 (0.58%) VPN
14 77 (0.57%) Network Security
15 71 (0.52%) FTP
16 65 (0.48%) SSH
17 52 (0.38%) Skype
18 49 (0.36%) Kerberos
18 49 (0.36%) VoIP
19 48 (0.35%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3841 (28.22%) SQL Server
2 1406 (10.33%) Data Warehouse
3 1400 (10.29%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1184 (8.70%) Relational Database
5 1102 (8.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1034 (7.60%) NoSQL
7 718 (5.28%) Oracle Database
8 709 (5.21%) Big Data
9 643 (4.72%) MongoDB
10 632 (4.64%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 631 (4.64%) Hadoop
12 588 (4.32%) MySQL
13 567 (4.17%) RDBMS
14 494 (3.63%) SQL Server 2008
15 461 (3.39%) SQL Server 2012
16 452 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
17 422 (3.10%) Power BI
18 316 (2.32%) SQL Server 2016
19 309 (2.27%) DB2
20 298 (2.19%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1206 (8.86%) Git (software)
2 909 (6.68%) JIRA
3 798 (5.86%) Jenkins
4 569 (4.18%) Team Foundation Server
5 499 (3.67%) Maven
6 487 (3.58%) Visual Studio
7 464 (3.41%) JUnit
8 456 (3.35%) Selenium
9 415 (3.05%) Subversion
10 331 (2.43%) Cucumber
11 281 (2.06%) TeamCity
12 235 (1.73%) Eclipse
13 208 (1.53%) NUnit
14 173 (1.27%) SoapUI
15 149 (1.09%) Ant
16 146 (1.07%) Mockito
17 141 (1.04%) Gradle
17 141 (1.04%) IntelliJ
18 131 (0.96%) JMeter
19 115 (0.84%) SpecFlow
General
1 3209 (23.58%) Finance
2 1727 (12.69%) Banking
3 668 (4.91%) Front Office
4 649 (4.77%) Investment Banking
5 486 (3.57%) Retail
6 392 (2.88%) Marketing
7 244 (1.79%) Telecoms
8 197 (1.45%) Manufacturing
9 176 (1.29%) Financial Institution
10 156 (1.15%) Legal
11 149 (1.09%) Back Office
12 130 (0.96%) Games
13 122 (0.90%) Retail Banking
14 117 (0.86%) Publishing
15 108 (0.79%) Advertising
16 93 (0.68%) Electronics
17 75 (0.55%) Pharmaceutical
18 64 (0.47%) Law
19 46 (0.34%) Billing
20 45 (0.33%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 6561 (48.20%) Developer
2 2639 (19.39%) Analyst
3 1495 (10.98%) SQL Developer
4 1399 (10.28%) Java Developer
5 1158 (8.51%) .NET Developer
6 1116 (8.20%) C# Developer
7 702 (5.16%) Data Analyst
8 668 (4.91%) Senior Developer
9 609 (4.47%) Consultant
10 594 (4.36%) C# .NET Developer
11 554 (4.07%) Architect
12 539 (3.96%) Business Analyst
13 486 (3.57%) DBA
14 469 (3.45%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 459 (3.37%) SQL Analyst
16 414 (3.04%) Test Analyst
17 328 (2.41%) SQL DBA
18 314 (2.31%) Support Analyst
19 313 (2.30%) Applications Support
20 307 (2.26%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2721 (19.99%) .NET
2 1704 (12.52%) HTML
3 1379 (10.13%) Web Services
4 1358 (9.98%) XML
5 1260 (9.26%) CSS
6 1081 (7.94%) ASP.NET
7 1062 (7.80%) Spring
8 1050 (7.71%) AngularJS
9 820 (6.02%) REST
10 732 (5.38%) jQuery
11 658 (4.83%) RESTful
12 650 (4.78%) JSON
13 588 (4.32%) .NET Framework
14 580 (4.26%) SOAP
15 572 (4.20%) HTML5
16 565 (4.15%) ASP.NET MVC
17 542 (3.98%) Hibernate
18 497 (3.65%) WCF
19 489 (3.59%) ASP.NET Web API
20 462 (3.39%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1507 (11.07%) Analytical Skills
2 496 (3.64%) Computer Science
3 460 (3.38%) Greenfield Project
4 380 (2.79%) Fixed Income
5 362 (2.66%) Data Structures
6 346 (2.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 325 (2.39%) Equities
8 320 (2.35%) Derivative
9 307 (2.26%) Management Information System
10 268 (1.97%) Algorithms
11 254 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
12 231 (1.70%) User Experience
13 196 (1.44%) Mobile App
14 164 (1.20%) Replication
15 160 (1.18%) Credit Risk
16 152 (1.12%) Virtual Team
17 150 (1.10%) Market Risk
18 147 (1.08%) Clustering
19 131 (0.96%) NHS
20 129 (0.95%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 1831 (13.45%) Linux
2 1677 (12.32%) Windows
3 1589 (11.67%) Unix
4 520 (3.82%) Windows Server
5 255 (1.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 249 (1.83%) Windows Server 2012
7 216 (1.59%) Windows Server 2008
8 134 (0.98%) Solaris
9 123 (0.90%) Android
10 112 (0.82%) Apple iOS
11 104 (0.76%) Windows 7
12 94 (0.69%) Windows 10
13 84 (0.62%) AIX
14 77 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
15 56 (0.41%) CentOS
16 49 (0.36%) Mac OS X
16 49 (0.36%) Ubuntu
17 43 (0.32%) Windows 8
18 41 (0.30%) Windows XP
19 32 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4145 (30.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1838 (13.50%) Business Intelligence
3 1510 (11.09%) ETL
4 1361 (10.00%) MVC
5 1353 (9.94%) TDD
6 1186 (8.71%) Scrum
7 1153 (8.47%) Data Modelling
8 1127 (8.28%) Migration
9 1110 (8.16%) Test Automation
10 1000 (7.35%) Analytics
11 934 (6.86%) Continuous Integration
12 865 (6.36%) SDLC
13 826 (6.07%) Data Analysis
14 798 (5.86%) DevOps
15 729 (5.36%) OO
16 660 (4.85%) Software Engineering
17 655 (4.81%) BDD
18 611 (4.49%) Data Migration
19 598 (4.39%) Unit Testing
20 555 (4.08%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3321 (24.40%) Java
2 2777 (20.40%) C#
3 2333 (17.14%) JavaScript
4 1514 (11.12%) Python
5 1471 (10.81%) T-SQL
6 1104 (8.11%) PL/SQL
7 565 (4.15%) PowerShell
8 508 (3.73%) C++
9 501 (3.68%) Shell Script
10 435 (3.20%) Perl
11 434 (3.19%) VBA
12 381 (2.80%) Scala
13 371 (2.73%) R
14 295 (2.17%) VB.NET
15 286 (2.10%) PHP
16 253 (1.86%) C
17 237 (1.74%) VB
18 223 (1.64%) Bash Shell
19 173 (1.27%) Ruby
20 124 (0.91%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 879 (6.46%) Degree
2 780 (5.73%) Security Cleared
3 517 (3.80%) SC Cleared
4 190 (1.40%) Microsoft Certification
5 181 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 172 (1.26%) ISEB
7 152 (1.12%) ISTQB
8 138 (1.01%) DV Cleared
9 105 (0.77%) MCSE
10 88 (0.65%) BPSS Clearance
11 63 (0.46%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 61 (0.45%) Master's Degree
13 57 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
14 52 (0.38%) MCITP
15 45 (0.33%) MCSA
16 39 (0.29%) PhD
17 35 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
18 30 (0.22%) CCNA
18 30 (0.22%) CISSP
19 29 (0.21%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 605 (4.44%) QA
2 470 (3.45%) Data Quality
3 163 (1.20%) MiFID
4 137 (1.01%) SLA
5 82 (0.60%) GDPR
6 56 (0.41%) EMIR
7 53 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
8 28 (0.21%) HL7
8 28 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 28 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
9 24 (0.18%) PMO
10 23 (0.17%) PCI DSS
11 22 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
11 22 (0.16%) Solvency II
12 16 (0.12%) GCP
12 16 (0.12%) IFRS
13 13 (0.096%) IFRS 9
14 10 (0.073%) GxP
15 9 (0.066%) Basel II
15 9 (0.066%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 668 (4.91%) Active Directory
2 349 (2.56%) Docker
3 278 (2.04%) VMware Infrastructure
4 121 (0.89%) Hyper-V
5 100 (0.73%) HDFS
6 97 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 81 (0.60%) vSphere
8 71 (0.52%) Apache Flume
9 56 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
9 56 (0.41%) XenApp
10 54 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
11 35 (0.26%) NFS
12 33 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
13 30 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 24 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
15 21 (0.15%) Terminal Services
16 20 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
16 20 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
17 19 (0.14%) XenDesktop
18 18 (0.13%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 259 (1.90%) Puppet
2 250 (1.84%) Ansible
3 187 (1.37%) Opscode Chef
4 160 (1.18%) SCCM
5 129 (0.95%) SCOM
6 115 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
7 85 (0.62%) Kubernetes
8 82 (0.60%) Kibana
9 81 (0.60%) Grafana
10 73 (0.54%) logstash
11 70 (0.51%) Control-M
12 54 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
12 54 (0.40%) Terraform
13 50 (0.37%) Data Guard
13 50 (0.37%) Nagios
13 50 (0.37%) Oracle RMAN
14 49 (0.36%) Ambari
15 45 (0.33%) Oozie
15 45 (0.33%) WSUS
16 43 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2870 (21.09%) Oracle
2 2386 (17.53%) Microsoft
3 564 (4.14%) Tableau
4 457 (3.36%) VMware
5 397 (2.92%) SAP
6 360 (2.64%) HP
7 356 (2.62%) IBM
8 342 (2.51%) Sybase
9 228 (1.68%) Red Hat
10 212 (1.56%) Informatica
11 203 (1.49%) Google
12 201 (1.48%) Citrix
13 185 (1.36%) Cisco
14 178 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
15 176 (1.29%) TIBCO
16 160 (1.18%) Splunk
17 148 (1.09%) Teradata
18 144 (1.06%) Cognos
19 132 (0.97%) AppDynamics
20 113 (0.83%) Talend