Period
to 13 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 13 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
13 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13588 13699 16302
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.15% 13.27% 14.49%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.31% 32.82% 37.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 9391 9351 11132
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £360 £350
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 285 343
UK median hourly rate £26.60 £28.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.02% +1.82% +5.77%
10th Percentile £13.05 £12.25 £12.50
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £47.30
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £28.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -1.79% -6.67% +15.38%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43405 41744 43261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.01% 40.44% 38.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 30457 28667 29365
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £285 £270
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 778 879 1061
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £39.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.91% +4.67% +17.21%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.42 £14.10
90th Percentile £52.08 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.27% +5.33% +15.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 13 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 13 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 13 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 12402 £438 +9.38% 2210
London -1 6780 £488 +8.33% 875
UK excluding London -1 6622 £380 +5.56% 1440
South East 0 1954 £400 +5.26% 388
North of England 0 1400 £375 +7.14% 432
Midlands -1 927 £375 +3.45% 248
North West 0 691 £375 +7.14% 259
South West 0 676 £398 +8.90% 126
Scotland -2 668 £375 +10.29% 72
East of England +1 623 £375 +7.14% 137
Yorkshire 0 574 £388 +6.90% 154
West Midlands -1 536 £375 +2.74% 130
East Midlands -2 380 £354 +1.07% 114
Wales +4 239 £360 -4.00% 27
North East +2 161 £413 +17.86% 19
Northern Ireland -6 147 £415 +14.48% 9
Channel Islands +2 3 £300 -35.14%
Isle of Man +3 2 £438 +25.00% 2

For the 6 months to 13 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4123 (30.34%) Agile Software Development
2 3840 (28.26%) SQL Server
3 3333 (24.53%) Java
4 3185 (23.44%) Finance
5 2860 (21.05%) Oracle
6 2766 (20.36%) C#
7 2718 (20.00%) .NET
8 2391 (17.60%) Microsoft
9 2338 (17.21%) JavaScript
10 1846 (13.59%) Business Intelligence
11 1806 (13.29%) Linux
12 1713 (12.61%) Banking
13 1681 (12.37%) HTML
14 1640 (12.07%) Windows
15 1582 (11.64%) Unix
16 1530 (11.26%) Analytical Skills
17 1529 (11.25%) ETL
18 1522 (11.20%) Python
19 1488 (10.95%) T-SQL
20 1440 (10.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 1426 (10.49%) Data Warehouse
22 1377 (10.13%) XML
23 1366 (10.05%) Web Services
24 1341 (9.87%) TDD
25 1322 (9.73%) MVC
26 1249 (9.19%) CSS
27 1202 (8.85%) Git (software)
28 1193 (8.78%) Scrum
29 1172 (8.63%) Relational Database
30 1149 (8.46%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 461 (3.39%) SharePoint
2 439 (3.23%) Apache Spark
3 385 (2.83%) IIS
4 358 (2.63%) SAS
5 342 (2.52%) Confluence
6 301 (2.22%) Apache
7 275 (2.02%) Tomcat
8 269 (1.98%) JBoss
9 236 (1.74%) WebSphere
10 234 (1.72%) WebLogic
11 213 (1.57%) Elasticsearch
12 173 (1.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 167 (1.23%) CMS
14 140 (1.03%) MS Exchange
15 95 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
16 83 (0.61%) Apache Solr
17 77 (0.57%) Oracle Workflow
18 61 (0.45%) Umbraco
19 60 (0.44%) Skype for Business
20 57 (0.42%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 859 (6.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 327 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 166 (1.22%) MS Visio
4 121 (0.89%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 57 (0.42%) Spreadsheet
6 55 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
7 48 (0.35%) SPSS
8 13 (0.096%) Simulink
9 12 (0.088%) Stata
10 8 (0.059%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.037%) SmartSuite
12 4 (0.029%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.029%) Mingle
12 4 (0.029%) OmniGraffle
12 4 (0.029%) RoboHelp
12 4 (0.029%) Snagit
13 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.015%) InfoPath
13 2 (0.015%) Weka
Business Applications
1 250 (1.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 148 (1.09%) Markit EDM
3 101 (0.74%) Oracle EBS
4 99 (0.73%) Dynamics AX
5 75 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
6 69 (0.51%) Oracle EBS R12
6 69 (0.51%) Oracle Receivables
7 52 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
8 47 (0.35%) ION MarketView
9 42 (0.31%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 34 (0.25%) Oracle iProcurement
11 33 (0.24%) Oracle General Ledger
11 33 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
12 32 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
12 32 (0.24%) Oracle Assets
13 30 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
14 28 (0.21%) Oracle Applications
15 24 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
15 24 (0.18%) Magento
15 24 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
Cloud Services
1 990 (7.29%) Microsoft Azure
2 889 (6.54%) Amazon AWS
3 214 (1.57%) PaaS
4 194 (1.43%) Office 365
5 136 (1.00%) IaaS
6 133 (0.98%) GitHub
7 114 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
8 113 (0.83%) SaaS
9 100 (0.74%) Serverless
10 90 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
11 84 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
12 77 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
13 75 (0.55%) Amazon S3
14 70 (0.52%) Slack
15 47 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
15 47 (0.35%) Google Analytics
16 44 (0.32%) Azure Active Directory
17 36 (0.26%) Azure Data Factory
17 36 (0.26%) OpenShift
18 35 (0.26%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 272 (2.00%) Firewall
2 203 (1.49%) TCP/IP
3 197 (1.45%) DNS
4 191 (1.41%) HTTP
4 191 (1.41%) Internet
5 154 (1.13%) SAN
6 127 (0.93%) SSL
7 113 (0.83%) LDAP
8 109 (0.80%) LAN
9 99 (0.73%) SMS
10 97 (0.71%) DHCP
11 96 (0.71%) WAN
12 79 (0.58%) VPN
13 71 (0.52%) FTP
13 71 (0.52%) Network Security
14 58 (0.43%) SSH
15 53 (0.39%) Skype
16 50 (0.37%) VLAN
17 49 (0.36%) Kerberos
18 47 (0.35%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3840 (28.26%) SQL Server
2 1440 (10.60%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1426 (10.49%) Data Warehouse
4 1172 (8.63%) Relational Database
5 1131 (8.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1057 (7.78%) NoSQL
7 733 (5.39%) Big Data
8 713 (5.25%) Oracle Database
9 657 (4.84%) Hadoop
10 654 (4.81%) MongoDB
11 639 (4.70%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 572 (4.21%) MySQL
13 557 (4.10%) RDBMS
14 487 (3.58%) SQL Server 2008
15 451 (3.32%) PostgreSQL
16 442 (3.25%) SQL Server 2012
17 439 (3.23%) Power BI
18 320 (2.36%) SQL Server 2016
19 304 (2.24%) BusinessObjects
20 296 (2.18%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1202 (8.85%) Git (software)
2 888 (6.54%) JIRA
3 782 (5.76%) Jenkins
4 542 (3.99%) Team Foundation Server
5 505 (3.72%) Selenium
6 500 (3.68%) Maven
7 484 (3.56%) Visual Studio
8 473 (3.48%) JUnit
9 424 (3.12%) Subversion
10 348 (2.56%) Cucumber
11 287 (2.11%) TeamCity
12 237 (1.74%) Eclipse
13 200 (1.47%) NUnit
14 181 (1.33%) SoapUI
15 157 (1.16%) Gradle
16 151 (1.11%) Ant
17 141 (1.04%) IntelliJ
18 136 (1.00%) Mockito
19 130 (0.96%) JMeter
20 110 (0.81%) SpecFlow
General
1 3185 (23.44%) Finance
2 1713 (12.61%) Banking
3 643 (4.73%) Front Office
4 620 (4.56%) Investment Banking
5 449 (3.30%) Retail
6 383 (2.82%) Marketing
7 235 (1.73%) Telecoms
8 189 (1.39%) Manufacturing
9 176 (1.30%) Financial Institution
10 156 (1.15%) Legal
11 143 (1.05%) Back Office
12 133 (0.98%) Games
13 114 (0.84%) Retail Banking
14 108 (0.79%) Publishing
15 97 (0.71%) Advertising
16 87 (0.64%) Electronics
17 83 (0.61%) Law
18 62 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
19 56 (0.41%) Billing
20 43 (0.32%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6524 (48.01%) Developer
2 2652 (19.52%) Analyst
3 1456 (10.72%) SQL Developer
4 1394 (10.26%) Java Developer
5 1140 (8.39%) .NET Developer
6 1091 (8.03%) C# Developer
7 713 (5.25%) Data Analyst
8 666 (4.90%) Senior Developer
9 609 (4.48%) Consultant
10 580 (4.27%) C# .NET Developer
11 552 (4.06%) Architect
12 511 (3.76%) Business Analyst
13 487 (3.58%) DBA
14 485 (3.57%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 453 (3.33%) SQL Analyst
16 422 (3.11%) Test Analyst
17 331 (2.44%) SQL DBA
18 328 (2.41%) Support Analyst
19 321 (2.36%) Full Stack Developer
20 302 (2.22%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2718 (20.00%) .NET
2 1681 (12.37%) HTML
3 1377 (10.13%) XML
4 1366 (10.05%) Web Services
5 1249 (9.19%) CSS
6 1065 (7.84%) Spring
7 1055 (7.76%) ASP.NET
8 1047 (7.71%) AngularJS
9 851 (6.26%) REST
10 736 (5.42%) jQuery
11 667 (4.91%) RESTful
12 646 (4.75%) JSON
13 594 (4.37%) SOAP
14 591 (4.35%) .NET Framework
15 568 (4.18%) HTML5
16 549 (4.04%) ASP.NET MVC
17 522 (3.84%) Hibernate
18 489 (3.60%) WCF
19 478 (3.52%) ASP.NET Web API
20 446 (3.28%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1530 (11.26%) Analytical Skills
2 488 (3.59%) Computer Science
3 451 (3.32%) Greenfield Project
4 364 (2.68%) Data Structures
5 354 (2.61%) Fixed Income
6 337 (2.48%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 324 (2.38%) Equities
8 300 (2.21%) Management Information System
9 293 (2.16%) Derivative
10 254 (1.87%) Algorithms
11 250 (1.84%) Enterprise Software
12 245 (1.80%) User Experience
13 193 (1.42%) Mobile App
14 179 (1.32%) Replication
15 150 (1.10%) Virtual Team
16 146 (1.07%) Credit Risk
16 146 (1.07%) Market Risk
17 145 (1.07%) Clustering
18 132 (0.97%) Fintech
19 128 (0.94%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1806 (13.29%) Linux
2 1640 (12.07%) Windows
3 1582 (11.64%) Unix
4 518 (3.81%) Windows Server
5 274 (2.02%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 234 (1.72%) Windows Server 2012
7 202 (1.49%) Windows Server 2008
8 130 (0.96%) Solaris
9 128 (0.94%) Android
10 114 (0.84%) Apple iOS
11 101 (0.74%) Windows 7
12 88 (0.65%) Windows 10
13 75 (0.55%) AIX
14 68 (0.50%) Windows Server 2003
15 50 (0.37%) CentOS
16 45 (0.33%) Windows 8
17 44 (0.32%) Ubuntu
18 40 (0.29%) Mac OS X
19 39 (0.29%) Windows XP
20 36 (0.26%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4123 (30.34%) Agile Software Development
2 1846 (13.59%) Business Intelligence
3 1529 (11.25%) ETL
4 1341 (9.87%) TDD
5 1322 (9.73%) MVC
6 1193 (8.78%) Scrum
7 1149 (8.46%) Data Modelling
8 1146 (8.43%) Test Automation
9 1125 (8.28%) Migration
10 1004 (7.39%) Analytics
11 936 (6.89%) Continuous Integration
12 873 (6.42%) SDLC
13 820 (6.03%) Data Analysis
14 806 (5.93%) DevOps
15 711 (5.23%) OO
16 675 (4.97%) BDD
17 651 (4.79%) Software Engineering
18 626 (4.61%) Data Migration
19 593 (4.36%) Unit Testing
20 562 (4.14%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3333 (24.53%) Java
2 2766 (20.36%) C#
3 2338 (17.21%) JavaScript
4 1522 (11.20%) Python
5 1488 (10.95%) T-SQL
6 1111 (8.18%) PL/SQL
7 566 (4.17%) PowerShell
8 495 (3.64%) Shell Script
9 492 (3.62%) C++
10 428 (3.15%) Perl
11 416 (3.06%) VBA
12 380 (2.80%) Scala
13 366 (2.69%) R
14 279 (2.05%) VB.NET
15 278 (2.05%) PHP
16 236 (1.74%) C
17 235 (1.73%) Bash Shell
18 214 (1.57%) VB
19 181 (1.33%) Ruby
20 137 (1.01%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 878 (6.46%) Degree
2 758 (5.58%) Security Cleared
3 510 (3.75%) SC Cleared
4 189 (1.39%) Microsoft Certification
5 175 (1.29%) ISEB
6 167 (1.23%) Computer Science Degree
7 160 (1.18%) ISTQB
8 133 (0.98%) DV Cleared
9 111 (0.82%) MCSE
10 74 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
11 67 (0.49%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 67 (0.49%) Master's Degree
12 56 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
13 48 (0.35%) MCSA
14 47 (0.35%) MCITP
15 40 (0.29%) PhD
16 28 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
16 28 (0.21%) Sun Certification
17 27 (0.20%) CISSP
18 26 (0.19%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 632 (4.65%) QA
2 466 (3.43%) Data Quality
3 169 (1.24%) MiFID
4 141 (1.04%) SLA
5 90 (0.66%) GDPR
6 60 (0.44%) EMIR
7 50 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 30 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 26 (0.19%) HL7
10 25 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
10 25 (0.18%) PMO
10 25 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 24 (0.18%) GCP
12 23 (0.17%) PCI DSS
13 19 (0.14%) Solvency II
14 15 (0.11%) IFRS
15 13 (0.096%) IFRS 9
16 10 (0.074%) Actionable Recommendations
16 10 (0.074%) GxP
16 10 (0.074%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 642 (4.72%) Active Directory
2 359 (2.64%) Docker
3 267 (1.96%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 108 (0.79%) HDFS
6 90 (0.66%) VMware ESXi
7 84 (0.62%) vSphere
8 74 (0.54%) Apache Flume
9 56 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
10 55 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
11 54 (0.40%) XenApp
12 39 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
13 34 (0.25%) NFS
14 31 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 23 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
16 20 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
16 20 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
17 19 (0.14%) Terminal Services
17 19 (0.14%) XenDesktop
18 16 (0.12%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 285 (2.10%) Puppet
2 250 (1.84%) Ansible
3 208 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
4 164 (1.21%) SCCM
5 125 (0.92%) SCOM
6 109 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
7 87 (0.64%) Kubernetes
8 83 (0.61%) Kibana
9 78 (0.57%) Grafana
10 70 (0.52%) logstash
11 67 (0.49%) Control-M
12 57 (0.42%) Hadoop YARN
13 54 (0.40%) Terraform
14 50 (0.37%) Ambari
14 50 (0.37%) Data Guard
15 48 (0.35%) Nagios
15 48 (0.35%) Oracle RMAN
16 46 (0.34%) Oozie
17 44 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
18 40 (0.29%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2860 (21.05%) Oracle
2 2391 (17.60%) Microsoft
3 573 (4.22%) Tableau
4 451 (3.32%) VMware
5 400 (2.94%) SAP
6 364 (2.68%) IBM
7 344 (2.53%) HP
8 328 (2.41%) Sybase
9 222 (1.63%) Red Hat
10 211 (1.55%) Informatica
11 201 (1.48%) Google
12 195 (1.44%) Citrix
13 181 (1.33%) Cisco
14 177 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
15 165 (1.21%) TIBCO
16 158 (1.16%) Splunk
17 155 (1.14%) Cognos
18 144 (1.06%) Teradata
19 124 (0.91%) AppDynamics
20 106 (0.78%) Talend