Period
to 22 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
22 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13635 14071 16599
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.22% 13.35% 14.72%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.50% 33.10% 38.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 9364 9627 11291
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £395
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.27% +5.33%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +4.83% +3.57% +0.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 255 282 350
UK median hourly rate £27.00 £28.00 £27.89
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.57% +0.39% +9.91%
10th Percentile £13.27 £13.18 £12.50
90th Percentile £52.80 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £28.00 £31.51
% change year-on-year +7.14% -11.14% +26.04%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43282 42516 43243
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.95% 40.32% 38.35%
Number of daily rates quoted 30242 29187 29245
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £281 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £370
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 806 887 1038
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.45
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +0.13% +20.81%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.40 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +19.05%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 12426 £438 +9.38% 2490
London -1 6829 £488 +8.33% 962
UK excluding London -1 6624 £380 +4.83% 1648
South East 0 1936 £400 +6.67% 443
North of England 0 1379 £375 +7.14% 490
Midlands -1 915 £375 +3.45% 253
South West +1 699 £388 +7.64% 169
Scotland -1 689 £380 +11.76% 89
North West 0 683 £375 +7.14% 258
East of England 0 627 £375 +7.14% 170
Yorkshire 0 568 £388 +6.90% 200
West Midlands -1 521 £375 - 130
East Midlands -2 380 £353 +0.71% 118
Wales +5 240 £363 -3.33% 23
North East +1 152 £413 +21.32% 32
Northern Ireland -5 152 £413 +10.59% 11
Channel Islands +1 2 £300 -28.36% 1

For the 6 months to 22 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4159 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
2 3836 (28.13%) SQL Server
3 3346 (24.54%) Java
4 3222 (23.63%) Finance
5 2874 (21.08%) Oracle
6 2776 (20.36%) C#
7 2719 (19.94%) .NET
8 2389 (17.52%) Microsoft
9 2343 (17.18%) JavaScript
10 1844 (13.52%) Business Intelligence
11 1840 (13.49%) Linux
12 1739 (12.75%) Banking
13 1711 (12.55%) HTML
14 1681 (12.33%) Windows
15 1594 (11.69%) Unix
16 1515 (11.11%) Python
17 1510 (11.07%) Analytical Skills
18 1509 (11.07%) ETL
19 1468 (10.77%) T-SQL
20 1405 (10.30%) Data Warehouse
21 1396 (10.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 1384 (10.15%) Web Services
23 1366 (10.02%) TDD
24 1359 (9.97%) MVC
25 1353 (9.92%) XML
26 1267 (9.29%) CSS
27 1210 (8.87%) Git (software)
28 1192 (8.74%) Relational Database
29 1187 (8.71%) Scrum
30 1155 (8.47%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 467 (3.43%) SharePoint
2 438 (3.21%) Apache Spark
3 384 (2.82%) IIS
4 355 (2.60%) SAS
5 338 (2.48%) Confluence
6 304 (2.23%) Apache
7 293 (2.15%) Tomcat
8 272 (1.99%) JBoss
9 229 (1.68%) WebLogic
10 226 (1.66%) WebSphere
11 207 (1.52%) Elasticsearch
12 176 (1.29%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 169 (1.24%) CMS
14 145 (1.06%) MS Exchange
15 96 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
16 88 (0.65%) Apache Solr
17 86 (0.63%) Oracle Workflow
18 62 (0.45%) Skype for Business
19 52 (0.38%) Umbraco
20 50 (0.37%) Drupal
Applications
1 877 (6.43%) Microsoft Excel
2 344 (2.52%) Microsoft Office
3 156 (1.14%) MS Visio
4 120 (0.88%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 50 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 48 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
7 44 (0.32%) SPSS
8 15 (0.11%) Stata
9 13 (0.095%) Simulink
10 7 (0.051%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.051%) SmartSuite
11 5 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.037%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.029%) Acrobat
12 4 (0.029%) Mingle
12 4 (0.029%) RoboHelp
12 4 (0.029%) Snagit
13 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.015%) Weka
14 1 (0.007%) Vectorworks
Business Applications
1 258 (1.89%) Dynamics CRM
2 149 (1.09%) Markit EDM
3 102 (0.75%) Dynamics AX
4 95 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
5 74 (0.54%) Oracle BPM
6 64 (0.47%) Oracle EBS R12
7 56 (0.41%) Oracle Receivables
8 53 (0.39%) ION MarketView
9 41 (0.30%) Oracle Payables
10 35 (0.26%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 32 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
11 32 (0.23%) Unit4 Business World
12 28 (0.21%) Magento
12 28 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 26 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
14 25 (0.18%) Maximo
14 25 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
14 25 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
15 24 (0.18%) Oracle Assets
15 24 (0.18%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 942 (6.91%) Microsoft Azure
2 884 (6.48%) Amazon AWS
3 201 (1.47%) PaaS
4 190 (1.39%) Office 365
5 138 (1.01%) GitHub
6 125 (0.92%) IaaS
7 116 (0.85%) SaaS
8 105 (0.77%) Serverless
9 101 (0.74%) Google Cloud Platform
10 85 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
11 77 (0.56%) Amazon S3
12 76 (0.56%) Amazon EC2
13 75 (0.55%) Dynamics 365
14 59 (0.43%) Slack
15 52 (0.38%) AWS Lambda
16 47 (0.34%) Google Analytics
17 46 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
18 44 (0.32%) npm
19 42 (0.31%) Amazon EMR
20 37 (0.27%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 290 (2.13%) Firewall
2 217 (1.59%) TCP/IP
3 201 (1.47%) HTTP
4 195 (1.43%) DNS
5 188 (1.38%) Internet
6 170 (1.25%) SAN
7 137 (1.00%) LDAP
8 131 (0.96%) SSL
9 127 (0.93%) LAN
10 107 (0.78%) WAN
11 99 (0.73%) DHCP
12 81 (0.59%) SMS
13 78 (0.57%) VPN
14 77 (0.56%) Network Security
15 71 (0.52%) FTP
16 67 (0.49%) SSH
17 52 (0.38%) Kerberos
17 52 (0.38%) Skype
18 49 (0.36%) VoIP
19 48 (0.35%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3836 (28.13%) SQL Server
2 1405 (10.30%) Data Warehouse
3 1396 (10.24%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1192 (8.74%) Relational Database
5 1098 (8.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1033 (7.58%) NoSQL
7 721 (5.29%) Oracle Database
8 716 (5.25%) Big Data
9 641 (4.70%) MongoDB
10 637 (4.67%) Hadoop
11 634 (4.65%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 589 (4.32%) MySQL
13 570 (4.18%) RDBMS
14 496 (3.64%) SQL Server 2008
15 457 (3.35%) SQL Server 2012
16 446 (3.27%) PostgreSQL
17 421 (3.09%) Power BI
18 312 (2.29%) SQL Server 2016
19 310 (2.27%) DB2
20 297 (2.18%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1210 (8.87%) Git (software)
2 907 (6.65%) JIRA
3 799 (5.86%) Jenkins
4 567 (4.16%) Team Foundation Server
5 504 (3.70%) Maven
6 478 (3.51%) Visual Studio
7 464 (3.40%) JUnit
8 455 (3.34%) Selenium
9 415 (3.04%) Subversion
10 329 (2.41%) Cucumber
11 285 (2.09%) TeamCity
12 237 (1.74%) Eclipse
13 212 (1.55%) NUnit
14 175 (1.28%) SoapUI
15 151 (1.11%) Ant
16 148 (1.09%) Mockito
17 141 (1.03%) IntelliJ
18 139 (1.02%) Gradle
19 132 (0.97%) JMeter
20 120 (0.88%) SpecFlow
General
1 3222 (23.63%) Finance
2 1739 (12.75%) Banking
3 671 (4.92%) Front Office
4 652 (4.78%) Investment Banking
5 486 (3.56%) Retail
6 391 (2.87%) Marketing
7 245 (1.80%) Telecoms
8 199 (1.46%) Manufacturing
9 177 (1.30%) Financial Institution
10 158 (1.16%) Legal
11 148 (1.09%) Back Office
12 132 (0.97%) Games
13 123 (0.90%) Retail Banking
14 117 (0.86%) Publishing
15 107 (0.78%) Advertising
16 94 (0.69%) Electronics
17 76 (0.56%) Pharmaceutical
18 65 (0.48%) Law
19 46 (0.34%) Billing
20 45 (0.33%) Local Government
Job Titles
1 6574 (48.21%) Developer
2 2644 (19.39%) Analyst
3 1496 (10.97%) SQL Developer
4 1412 (10.36%) Java Developer
5 1154 (8.46%) .NET Developer
6 1114 (8.17%) C# Developer
7 699 (5.13%) Data Analyst
8 671 (4.92%) Senior Developer
9 611 (4.48%) Consultant
10 593 (4.35%) C# .NET Developer
11 556 (4.08%) Architect
12 542 (3.98%) Business Analyst
13 486 (3.56%) DBA
14 466 (3.42%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 459 (3.37%) SQL Analyst
16 413 (3.03%) Test Analyst
17 328 (2.41%) SQL DBA
18 312 (2.29%) Applications Support
18 312 (2.29%) Support Analyst
19 310 (2.27%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2719 (19.94%) .NET
2 1711 (12.55%) HTML
3 1384 (10.15%) Web Services
4 1353 (9.92%) XML
5 1267 (9.29%) CSS
6 1078 (7.91%) ASP.NET
7 1065 (7.81%) Spring
8 1056 (7.74%) AngularJS
9 816 (5.98%) REST
10 731 (5.36%) jQuery
11 659 (4.83%) RESTful
12 651 (4.77%) JSON
13 589 (4.32%) .NET Framework
14 581 (4.26%) SOAP
15 575 (4.22%) HTML5
16 562 (4.12%) ASP.NET MVC
17 544 (3.99%) Hibernate
18 495 (3.63%) WCF
19 483 (3.54%) ASP.NET Web API
20 461 (3.38%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1510 (11.07%) Analytical Skills
2 498 (3.65%) Computer Science
3 457 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
4 379 (2.78%) Fixed Income
5 363 (2.66%) Data Structures
6 348 (2.55%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 328 (2.41%) Equities
8 319 (2.34%) Derivative
9 307 (2.25%) Management Information System
10 271 (1.99%) Algorithms
11 255 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
12 234 (1.72%) User Experience
13 198 (1.45%) Mobile App
14 164 (1.20%) Replication
15 159 (1.17%) Credit Risk
16 154 (1.13%) Virtual Team
17 150 (1.10%) Market Risk
18 148 (1.09%) Clustering
19 132 (0.97%) NHS
20 131 (0.96%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 1840 (13.49%) Linux
2 1681 (12.33%) Windows
3 1594 (11.69%) Unix
4 518 (3.80%) Windows Server
5 257 (1.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 250 (1.83%) Windows Server 2012
7 217 (1.59%) Windows Server 2008
8 135 (0.99%) Solaris
9 123 (0.90%) Android
10 114 (0.84%) Apple iOS
11 103 (0.76%) Windows 7
12 93 (0.68%) Windows 10
13 86 (0.63%) AIX
14 77 (0.56%) Windows Server 2003
15 56 (0.41%) CentOS
16 49 (0.36%) Mac OS X
16 49 (0.36%) Ubuntu
17 43 (0.32%) Windows 8
18 41 (0.30%) Windows XP
19 33 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4159 (30.50%) Agile Software Development
2 1844 (13.52%) Business Intelligence
3 1509 (11.07%) ETL
4 1366 (10.02%) TDD
5 1359 (9.97%) MVC
6 1187 (8.71%) Scrum
7 1155 (8.47%) Data Modelling
8 1125 (8.25%) Migration
9 1107 (8.12%) Test Automation
10 1004 (7.36%) Analytics
11 940 (6.89%) Continuous Integration
12 866 (6.35%) SDLC
13 835 (6.12%) Data Analysis
14 796 (5.84%) DevOps
15 743 (5.45%) OO
16 662 (4.86%) Software Engineering
17 656 (4.81%) BDD
18 606 (4.44%) Data Migration
19 600 (4.40%) Unit Testing
20 555 (4.07%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3346 (24.54%) Java
2 2776 (20.36%) C#
3 2343 (17.18%) JavaScript
4 1515 (11.11%) Python
5 1468 (10.77%) T-SQL
6 1099 (8.06%) PL/SQL
7 563 (4.13%) PowerShell
8 510 (3.74%) C++
9 502 (3.68%) Shell Script
10 440 (3.23%) VBA
11 434 (3.18%) Perl
12 384 (2.82%) Scala
13 369 (2.71%) R
14 296 (2.17%) VB.NET
15 288 (2.11%) PHP
16 257 (1.88%) C
17 237 (1.74%) VB
18 223 (1.64%) Bash Shell
19 171 (1.25%) Ruby
20 125 (0.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 880 (6.45%) Degree
2 780 (5.72%) Security Cleared
3 518 (3.80%) SC Cleared
4 187 (1.37%) Microsoft Certification
5 182 (1.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 172 (1.26%) ISEB
7 151 (1.11%) ISTQB
8 138 (1.01%) DV Cleared
9 102 (0.75%) MCSE
10 87 (0.64%) BPSS Clearance
11 64 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 60 (0.44%) Master's Degree
13 57 (0.42%) Numerate Degree
14 52 (0.38%) MCITP
15 44 (0.32%) MCSA
16 39 (0.29%) PhD
17 35 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
18 31 (0.23%) Sun Certification
19 30 (0.22%) CCNA
19 30 (0.22%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 608 (4.46%) QA
2 473 (3.47%) Data Quality
3 161 (1.18%) MiFID
4 136 (1.00%) SLA
5 82 (0.60%) GDPR
6 56 (0.41%) EMIR
7 53 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
8 29 (0.21%) HL7
9 28 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 28 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 24 (0.18%) PMO
11 23 (0.17%) PCI DSS
12 22 (0.16%) Solvency II
13 20 (0.15%) Dodd-Frank
14 16 (0.12%) GCP
14 16 (0.12%) IFRS
15 13 (0.095%) IFRS 9
16 10 (0.073%) GxP
16 10 (0.073%) ISO 9001
17 9 (0.066%) Basel II
System Software
1 668 (4.90%) Active Directory
2 348 (2.55%) Docker
3 279 (2.05%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 102 (0.75%) HDFS
6 98 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
7 82 (0.60%) vSphere
8 70 (0.51%) Apache Flume
9 57 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
10 55 (0.40%) XenApp
11 53 (0.39%) Oracle RAC
12 35 (0.26%) NFS
13 33 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
14 30 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
15 23 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
16 21 (0.15%) Terminal Services
17 20 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
17 20 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
18 19 (0.14%) Time Sharing Option
18 19 (0.14%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 259 (1.90%) Puppet
2 249 (1.83%) Ansible
3 185 (1.36%) Opscode Chef
4 159 (1.17%) SCCM
5 127 (0.93%) SCOM
6 115 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
7 84 (0.62%) Kubernetes
8 83 (0.61%) Kibana
9 81 (0.59%) Grafana
10 74 (0.54%) logstash
11 69 (0.51%) Control-M
12 54 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
13 52 (0.38%) Nagios
14 51 (0.37%) Terraform
15 50 (0.37%) Oracle RMAN
16 49 (0.36%) Ambari
16 49 (0.36%) Data Guard
17 48 (0.35%) Oozie
18 45 (0.33%) WSUS
19 43 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
Vendors
1 2874 (21.08%) Oracle
2 2389 (17.52%) Microsoft
3 566 (4.15%) Tableau
4 457 (3.35%) VMware
5 400 (2.93%) SAP
6 363 (2.66%) HP
7 356 (2.61%) IBM
8 345 (2.53%) Sybase
9 229 (1.68%) Red Hat
10 213 (1.56%) Informatica
11 203 (1.49%) Google
12 201 (1.47%) Citrix
13 185 (1.36%) Cisco
14 178 (1.31%) Salesforce.com
15 177 (1.30%) TIBCO
16 158 (1.16%) Splunk
17 148 (1.09%) Teradata
18 143 (1.05%) Cognos
19 131 (0.96%) AppDynamics
20 114 (0.84%) Talend