Period
to 18 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12,977 12,694 15,413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.94% 13.06% 14.36%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.73% 32.00% 37.29%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,003 8,672 10,557
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £286 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £385 £363 £351
% change year-on-year +6.21% +3.42% +0.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 246 277 301
UK median hourly rate £26.78 £33.50 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -20.07% +11.67% +9.09%
10th Percentile £13.48 £13.90 £12.50
90th Percentile £48.97 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £28.75 £33.25 £32.50
% change year-on-year -13.53% +2.31% +19.27%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 42,225 39,668 41,328
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.10% 40.82% 38.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,782 27,236 28,048
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £308 £289 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £591
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 756 867 1,054
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%
10th Percentile £16.56 £14.75 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.20 £51.11
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11,842 £438 +9.38% 4,821
London 0 6,452 £488 +8.33% 1,955
UK excluding London -1 6,363 £385 +6.21% 3,140
South East +1 1,924 £400 - 779
North of England -1 1,304 £375 +7.14% 874
Midlands -1 913 £375 +7.14% 540
North West -1 653 £375 +7.14% 504
South West -1 642 £400 +10.34% 335
Scotland -2 608 £375 +7.14% 195
East of England +2 589 £375 +7.14% 328
Yorkshire 0 544 £375 +7.14% 319
West Midlands -1 536 £375 +3.45% 316
East Midlands -2 368 £363 +7.41% 220
Wales +5 260 £368 -2.00% 71
Northern Ireland -4 134 £420 +14.29% 11
North East -5 128 £425 +21.43% 51
Isle of Man - 8 £400 - 7
Channel Islands +1 2 - -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,911 (30.14%) Agile Software Development
2 3,766 (29.02%) SQL Server
3 3,154 (24.30%) Java
4 3,077 (23.71%) Finance
5 2,718 (20.94%) Oracle
6 2,663 (20.52%) C#
7 2,627 (20.24%) .NET
8 2,331 (17.96%) Microsoft
9 2,302 (17.74%) JavaScript
10 1,802 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
11 1,696 (13.07%) Linux
12 1,620 (12.48%) Banking
13 1,601 (12.34%) HTML
14 1,523 (11.74%) Windows
15 1,509 (11.63%) Analytical Skills
16 1,454 (11.20%) Unix
17 1,450 (11.17%) ETL
18 1,431 (11.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,413 (10.89%) Python
20 1,399 (10.78%) T-SQL
21 1,360 (10.48%) Data Warehouse
22 1,322 (10.19%) XML
23 1,279 (9.86%) TDD
24 1,278 (9.85%) Web Services
25 1,267 (9.76%) MVC
26 1,207 (9.30%) CSS
27 1,165 (8.98%) Test Automation
28 1,152 (8.88%) Git (software)
29 1,138 (8.77%) Scrum
30 1,137 (8.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 438 (3.38%) SharePoint
2 411 (3.17%) Apache Spark
3 361 (2.78%) IIS
4 338 (2.60%) SAS
5 308 (2.37%) Confluence
6 301 (2.32%) Apache
7 265 (2.04%) Tomcat
8 243 (1.87%) WebSphere
9 239 (1.84%) JBoss
10 232 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
11 212 (1.63%) WebLogic
12 178 (1.37%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 154 (1.19%) CMS
14 136 (1.05%) MS Exchange
15 84 (0.65%) BizTalk Server
16 74 (0.57%) Apache Solr
17 72 (0.55%) Oracle Workflow
18 64 (0.49%) Apache Pig
19 51 (0.39%) Skype for Business
20 48 (0.37%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 847 (6.53%) Microsoft Excel
2 313 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 168 (1.29%) MS Visio
4 135 (1.04%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 61 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
6 60 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
7 54 (0.42%) SPSS
8 12 (0.092%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.092%) Stata
9 8 (0.062%) Simulink
10 5 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.031%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.031%) Mingle
11 4 (0.031%) OmniGraffle
11 4 (0.031%) RoboHelp
11 4 (0.031%) Snagit
12 3 (0.023%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.023%) SmartSuite
13 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.015%) Weka
Business Applications
1 206 (1.59%) Dynamics CRM
2 139 (1.07%) Markit EDM
3 126 (0.97%) Oracle EBS
4 93 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
5 85 (0.66%) Oracle BPM
6 84 (0.65%) Oracle EBS R12
7 78 (0.60%) Oracle Receivables
8 64 (0.49%) Oracle Payables
9 46 (0.35%) Oracle General Ledger
10 43 (0.33%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 39 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
11 39 (0.30%) Oracle iProcurement
12 37 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
13 33 (0.25%) Oracle Applications
14 32 (0.25%) Dynamics NAV
14 32 (0.25%) ION MarketView
14 32 (0.25%) Unit4 Business World
15 29 (0.22%) Oracle Cash Management
16 28 (0.22%) Oracle Internet Expenses
17 26 (0.20%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 989 (7.62%) Microsoft Azure
2 841 (6.48%) Amazon AWS
3 194 (1.49%) PaaS
4 182 (1.40%) Office 365
5 119 (0.92%) IaaS
6 118 (0.91%) GitHub
7 117 (0.90%) Google Cloud Platform
8 100 (0.77%) SaaS
9 90 (0.69%) Dynamics 365
9 90 (0.69%) Serverless
10 84 (0.65%) Cloud Computing
11 80 (0.62%) Slack
12 72 (0.55%) Amazon S3
13 70 (0.54%) Amazon EC2
14 56 (0.43%) Google Analytics
15 39 (0.30%) Azure Active Directory
16 38 (0.29%) AWS Lambda
17 36 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
18 35 (0.27%) npm
19 32 (0.25%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 249 (1.92%) Firewall
2 187 (1.44%) TCP/IP
3 177 (1.36%) DNS
4 169 (1.30%) Internet
5 165 (1.27%) HTTP
6 151 (1.16%) SAN
7 103 (0.79%) DHCP
7 103 (0.79%) SMS
8 98 (0.76%) SSL
9 94 (0.72%) LAN
10 81 (0.62%) WAN
11 79 (0.61%) LDAP
12 72 (0.55%) VPN
13 69 (0.53%) FTP
14 61 (0.47%) Network Security
15 48 (0.37%) NAS
15 48 (0.37%) Skype
16 46 (0.35%) VLAN
17 44 (0.34%) Intranet
17 44 (0.34%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,766 (29.02%) SQL Server
2 1,431 (11.03%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,360 (10.48%) Data Warehouse
4 1,137 (8.76%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,110 (8.55%) Relational Database
6 976 (7.52%) NoSQL
7 690 (5.32%) Oracle Database
8 681 (5.25%) Big Data
9 621 (4.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 618 (4.76%) Hadoop
11 610 (4.70%) MongoDB
12 581 (4.48%) MySQL
13 503 (3.88%) RDBMS
14 501 (3.86%) Power BI
15 463 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
16 462 (3.56%) SQL Server 2008
17 427 (3.29%) SQL Server 2012
18 314 (2.42%) SQL Server 2016
19 302 (2.33%) DB2
20 277 (2.13%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,152 (8.88%) Git (software)
2 803 (6.19%) JIRA
3 724 (5.58%) Jenkins
4 505 (3.89%) Selenium
4 505 (3.89%) Team Foundation Server
5 474 (3.65%) Maven
6 442 (3.41%) JUnit
6 442 (3.41%) Visual Studio
7 403 (3.11%) Subversion
8 346 (2.67%) Cucumber
9 279 (2.15%) TeamCity
10 223 (1.72%) Eclipse
11 195 (1.50%) NUnit
12 161 (1.24%) Gradle
13 160 (1.23%) SoapUI
14 149 (1.15%) Ant
15 145 (1.12%) Mockito
16 122 (0.94%) IntelliJ
17 109 (0.84%) JMeter
17 109 (0.84%) WebDriver
General
1 3,077 (23.71%) Finance
2 1,620 (12.48%) Banking
3 576 (4.44%) Front Office
4 538 (4.15%) Investment Banking
5 389 (3.00%) Retail
6 363 (2.80%) Marketing
7 201 (1.55%) Telecoms
8 159 (1.23%) Manufacturing
9 154 (1.19%) Legal
10 142 (1.09%) Financial Institution
11 123 (0.95%) Back Office
12 110 (0.85%) Games
13 104 (0.80%) Publishing
14 95 (0.73%) Advertising
15 92 (0.71%) Law
15 92 (0.71%) Retail Banking
16 61 (0.47%) Electronics
17 60 (0.46%) Billing
17 60 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
18 48 (0.37%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 6,247 (48.14%) Developer
2 2,493 (19.21%) Analyst
3 1,380 (10.63%) SQL Developer
4 1,351 (10.41%) Java Developer
5 1,096 (8.45%) C# Developer
6 1,085 (8.36%) .NET Developer
7 626 (4.82%) Data Analyst
8 621 (4.79%) Senior Developer
9 577 (4.45%) C# .NET Developer
9 577 (4.45%) Consultant
10 517 (3.98%) Architect
11 493 (3.80%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 487 (3.75%) Business Analyst
13 473 (3.64%) DBA
14 420 (3.24%) SQL Analyst
15 405 (3.12%) Test Analyst
16 333 (2.57%) SQL DBA
17 323 (2.49%) Full Stack Developer
18 300 (2.31%) Support Analyst
19 271 (2.09%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,627 (20.24%) .NET
2 1,601 (12.34%) HTML
3 1,322 (10.19%) XML
4 1,278 (9.85%) Web Services
5 1,207 (9.30%) CSS
6 1,009 (7.78%) AngularJS
7 989 (7.62%) ASP.NET
8 972 (7.49%) Spring
9 841 (6.48%) REST
10 740 (5.70%) jQuery
11 654 (5.04%) RESTful
12 593 (4.57%) .NET Framework
13 581 (4.48%) JSON
14 571 (4.40%) SOAP
15 527 (4.06%) HTML5
16 514 (3.96%) ASP.NET MVC
17 472 (3.64%) Node.js
18 469 (3.61%) Hibernate
19 463 (3.57%) WCF
20 445 (3.43%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,509 (11.63%) Analytical Skills
2 480 (3.70%) Computer Science
3 428 (3.30%) Greenfield Project
4 313 (2.41%) Data Structures
5 303 (2.33%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 283 (2.18%) Fixed Income
7 281 (2.17%) Management Information System
8 276 (2.13%) Equities
9 271 (2.09%) User Experience
10 268 (2.07%) Derivative
11 266 (2.05%) Algorithms
12 255 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
13 182 (1.40%) Replication
14 159 (1.23%) Mobile App
15 141 (1.09%) Credit Risk
16 139 (1.07%) Virtual Team
17 133 (1.02%) Clustering
17 133 (1.02%) Fintech
18 125 (0.96%) Market Risk
19 116 (0.89%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,696 (13.07%) Linux
2 1,523 (11.74%) Windows
3 1,454 (11.20%) Unix
4 511 (3.94%) Windows Server
5 254 (1.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 235 (1.81%) Windows Server 2012
7 211 (1.63%) Windows Server 2008
8 121 (0.93%) Solaris
9 116 (0.89%) Android
10 104 (0.80%) Apple iOS
11 86 (0.66%) Windows 7
12 79 (0.61%) Windows 10
13 60 (0.46%) Windows Server 2003
14 56 (0.43%) AIX
15 48 (0.37%) Ubuntu
16 43 (0.33%) CentOS
17 40 (0.31%) Windows 8
18 32 (0.25%) Mac OS X
19 26 (0.20%) Windows Vista
20 25 (0.19%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,911 (30.14%) Agile Software Development
2 1,802 (13.89%) Business Intelligence
3 1,450 (11.17%) ETL
4 1,279 (9.86%) TDD
5 1,267 (9.76%) MVC
6 1,165 (8.98%) Test Automation
7 1,138 (8.77%) Scrum
8 1,054 (8.12%) Migration
9 1,026 (7.91%) Data Modelling
10 978 (7.54%) Analytics
11 896 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
12 798 (6.15%) DevOps
13 793 (6.11%) SDLC
14 790 (6.09%) Data Analysis
15 700 (5.39%) BDD
16 662 (5.10%) OO
17 621 (4.79%) Software Engineering
18 595 (4.59%) Data Migration
19 592 (4.56%) Unit Testing
20 514 (3.96%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,154 (24.30%) Java
2 2,663 (20.52%) C#
3 2,302 (17.74%) JavaScript
4 1,413 (10.89%) Python
5 1,399 (10.78%) T-SQL
6 1,077 (8.30%) PL/SQL
7 534 (4.11%) PowerShell
8 453 (3.49%) C++
9 446 (3.44%) Shell Script
10 403 (3.11%) VBA
11 383 (2.95%) Perl
12 345 (2.66%) Scala
13 344 (2.65%) R
14 265 (2.04%) PHP
15 262 (2.02%) VB.NET
16 243 (1.87%) C
17 228 (1.76%) Bash Shell
18 199 (1.53%) VB
19 177 (1.36%) Ruby
20 130 (1.00%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 870 (6.70%) Degree
2 739 (5.69%) Security Cleared
3 475 (3.66%) SC Cleared
4 184 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
5 155 (1.19%) Computer Science Degree
6 148 (1.14%) ISEB
7 146 (1.13%) DV Cleared
8 142 (1.09%) ISTQB
9 99 (0.76%) MCSE
10 79 (0.61%) BPSS Clearance
11 75 (0.58%) Master's Degree
12 65 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 56 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
14 50 (0.39%) MCSA
15 44 (0.34%) MCITP
16 41 (0.32%) PhD
17 27 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
18 26 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
18 26 (0.20%) Sun Certification
19 25 (0.19%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 623 (4.80%) QA
2 450 (3.47%) Data Quality
3 154 (1.19%) MiFID
4 145 (1.12%) SLA
5 99 (0.76%) GDPR
6 51 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
7 46 (0.35%) EMIR
8 30 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 27 (0.21%) HL7
10 26 (0.20%) GCP
10 26 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 24 (0.18%) PMO
12 22 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
12 22 (0.17%) PCI DSS
13 21 (0.16%) IFRS
14 18 (0.14%) Solvency II
15 17 (0.13%) IFRS 9
16 10 (0.077%) Basel II
16 10 (0.077%) GxP
16 10 (0.077%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 591 (4.55%) Active Directory
2 349 (2.69%) Docker
3 280 (2.16%) VMware Infrastructure
4 117 (0.90%) Hyper-V
5 108 (0.83%) HDFS
6 92 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 83 (0.64%) vSphere
8 71 (0.55%) Apache Flume
9 54 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
9 54 (0.42%) Virtual Machines
9 54 (0.42%) XenApp
10 40 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
11 30 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 20 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
12 20 (0.15%) XenDesktop
13 19 (0.15%) Terminal Services
13 19 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
14 16 (0.12%) NFS
15 13 (0.10%) XenServer
16 12 (0.092%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 304 (2.34%) Puppet
2 243 (1.87%) Ansible
3 215 (1.66%) Opscode Chef
4 149 (1.15%) SCCM
5 116 (0.89%) SCOM
6 101 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
7 85 (0.66%) Grafana
8 82 (0.63%) Kibana
9 74 (0.57%) Kubernetes
10 67 (0.52%) logstash
11 62 (0.48%) Control-M
12 55 (0.42%) Terraform
13 50 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
14 48 (0.37%) Oozie
15 47 (0.36%) Ambari
15 47 (0.36%) Data Guard
15 47 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 41 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
17 37 (0.29%) Nagios
17 37 (0.29%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 2,718 (20.94%) Oracle
2 2,331 (17.96%) Microsoft
3 593 (4.57%) Tableau
4 457 (3.52%) VMware
5 367 (2.83%) IBM
6 358 (2.76%) SAP
7 322 (2.48%) HP
8 291 (2.24%) Sybase
9 200 (1.54%) Google
10 199 (1.53%) Red Hat
11 196 (1.51%) Citrix
12 190 (1.46%) Informatica
13 171 (1.32%) Salesforce.com
14 161 (1.24%) Cisco
15 147 (1.13%) Cognos
16 143 (1.10%) TIBCO
17 135 (1.04%) Splunk
18 126 (0.97%) Teradata
19 106 (0.82%) AppDynamics
20 99 (0.76%) Cloudera