Period
to 28 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
28 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 5 6
Rank change year-on-year -1 +1 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 8,664 13,100 13,083
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.83% 13.25% 12.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.36% 30.25% 30.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 5,831 9,075 8,999
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £288
90th Percentile £631 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £412 £388
% change year-on-year +3.16% +6.32% +6.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 150 179 238
UK median hourly rate £30.50 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.91% - -19.12%
10th Percentile £14.71 £14.37 £13.50
90th Percentile £53.00 £55.00 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.35 £25.87 £32.50
% change year-on-year -9.72% -20.42% -4.41%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 27,627 43,309 42,862
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.90% 43.80% 42.14%
Number of daily rates quoted 18,757 30,348 30,146
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.26% +8.24%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +1.18% +6.25% +4.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 589 712 776
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.50 £17.28 £16.81
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -3.53% +6.25% -

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 28 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 28 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 7,918 £460 +2.22% 4,313
UK excluding London -1 4,552 £425 +3.16% 3,264
London 0 3,949 £500 - 1,354
South East +1 1,448 £450 +2.86% 815
North of England -3 985 £400 +1.27% 925
Midlands 0 676 £415 +3.75% 605
North West -2 522 £400 +5.96% 501
South West -6 501 £425 - 330
West Midlands +1 462 £425 +6.25% 349
Scotland -1 416 £400 - 193
Yorkshire -2 370 £400 - 356
East of England -1 334 £414 +1.91% 285
East Midlands +2 210 £375 -6.25% 254
Wales -3 158 £425 - 89
North East -10 95 £425 +6.25% 68
Northern Ireland -4 39 £413 +3.13% 23
Channel Islands -4 1 £475 +11.76% 3

For the 6 months to 28 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 2,519 (29.07%) Agile Software Development
2 2,231 (25.75%) SQL Server
3 2,143 (24.73%) Azure
4 1,884 (21.75%) Microsoft
5 1,715 (19.79%) Business Intelligence
6 1,698 (19.60%) Finance
7 1,684 (19.44%) .NET
8 1,676 (19.34%) C#
9 1,674 (19.32%) Oracle
10 1,602 (18.49%) Java
11 1,473 (17.00%) Python
12 1,220 (14.08%) JavaScript
13 1,164 (13.43%) ETL
14 1,143 (13.19%) AWS
15 1,118 (12.90%) DevOps
16 1,110 (12.81%) Analytics
17 1,082 (12.49%) Windows
18 1,067 (12.32%) Data Warehouse
19 1,055 (12.18%) Power Platform
20 1,040 (12.00%) Power BI
21 1,027 (11.85%) Migration
22 990 (11.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 905 (10.45%) T-SQL
24 896 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
25 886 (10.23%) Data Modelling
26 875 (10.10%) Security Cleared
27 803 (9.27%) Linux
28 776 (8.96%) Git (software)
29 758 (8.75%) Test Automation
30 736 (8.49%) HTML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 367 (4.24%) Apache Spark
2 324 (3.74%) Confluence
3 296 (3.42%) SharePoint
4 271 (3.13%) WebLogic
5 186 (2.15%) IIS
6 152 (1.75%) SAS
7 136 (1.57%) Apache
8 100 (1.15%) Tomcat
9 97 (1.12%) Elasticsearch
10 76 (0.88%) JBoss
11 60 (0.69%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 58 (0.67%) MS Exchange
13 55 (0.63%) Apache Airflow
13 55 (0.63%) WebSphere
14 48 (0.55%) CMS
15 47 (0.54%) Jupyter
16 46 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
16 46 (0.53%) Red Hat Fuse
16 46 (0.53%) Skype for Business
17 43 (0.50%) MQSeries
Applications
1 587 (6.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 199 (2.30%) Microsoft Office
3 87 (1.00%) MS Visio
4 60 (0.69%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 46 (0.53%) Microsoft Project
6 23 (0.27%) Spreadsheet
7 16 (0.18%) SPSS
8 4 (0.046%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.035%) Adobe XD
9 3 (0.035%) FileZilla
9 3 (0.035%) InfoPath
9 3 (0.035%) Notepad++
10 2 (0.023%) GNU Octave
10 2 (0.023%) Stata
10 2 (0.023%) XMetaL
11 1 (0.012%) Abaqus
11 1 (0.012%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.012%) EngageOne
11 1 (0.012%) Figma
11 1 (0.012%) Weka
Business Applications
1 149 (1.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 100 (1.15%) Oracle EBS
3 43 (0.50%) Dynamics AX
4 42 (0.48%) FINCAD Analytics
5 32 (0.37%) Markit EDM
5 32 (0.37%) Maximo
6 27 (0.31%) Oracle Applications
7 26 (0.30%) Dynamics NAV
8 23 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
8 23 (0.27%) Oracle Receivables
9 21 (0.24%) Oracle EBS R12
10 19 (0.22%) PolarLake
11 18 (0.21%) assyst
11 18 (0.21%) NetSuite
12 16 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
13 15 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
14 13 (0.15%) SAP Business One
14 13 (0.15%) SAP ERP
14 13 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
15 12 (0.14%) Elite 3E
Cloud Services
1 2,143 (24.73%) Azure
2 1,143 (13.19%) AWS
3 1,055 (12.18%) Power Platform
4 341 (3.94%) GCP
5 295 (3.40%) PaaS
6 275 (3.17%) Azure Data Factory
7 254 (2.93%) Office 365
8 217 (2.50%) Serverless
9 212 (2.45%) GitHub
10 203 (2.34%) IaaS
11 165 (1.90%) SaaS
12 155 (1.79%) Dynamics 365
13 132 (1.52%) Azure Active Directory
14 113 (1.30%) Amazon S3
15 97 (1.12%) Azure Functions
16 84 (0.97%) Amazon EC2
16 84 (0.97%) AWS Lambda
17 69 (0.80%) Data Lake Analytics
18 66 (0.76%) Cloud Computing
19 56 (0.65%) AWS Step Functions
Communications & Networking
1 197 (2.27%) DNS
2 166 (1.92%) Firewall
3 119 (1.37%) SAN
4 112 (1.29%) HTTP
5 106 (1.22%) DHCP
6 101 (1.17%) TCP/IP
7 84 (0.97%) WAN
8 81 (0.93%) LAN
9 66 (0.76%) Internet
10 64 (0.74%) VPN
11 62 (0.72%) SSL
12 41 (0.47%) Skype
13 33 (0.38%) NAS
14 29 (0.33%) HTTPS
15 28 (0.32%) Network Security
16 27 (0.31%) Kerberos
17 26 (0.30%) FTP
17 26 (0.30%) SSH
18 22 (0.25%) SMTP
18 22 (0.25%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,231 (25.75%) SQL Server
2 1,067 (12.32%) Data Warehouse
3 1,040 (12.00%) Power BI
4 990 (11.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 666 (7.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 660 (7.62%) NoSQL
7 563 (6.50%) Relational Database
8 512 (5.91%) Big Data
9 458 (5.29%) Azure SQL Database
10 446 (5.15%) PostgreSQL
11 420 (4.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 385 (4.44%) Hadoop
13 380 (4.39%) Oracle Database
14 369 (4.26%) Data Lake
15 347 (4.01%) MongoDB
16 317 (3.66%) MySQL
17 195 (2.25%) RDBMS
18 176 (2.03%) Apache Hive
19 172 (1.99%) SQL Server 2016
20 155 (1.79%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 776 (8.96%) Git (software)
2 653 (7.54%) JIRA
3 482 (5.56%) Jenkins
4 321 (3.70%) Selenium
5 311 (3.59%) Visual Studio
6 245 (2.83%) Team Foundation Server
7 233 (2.69%) Maven
8 195 (2.25%) Cucumber
9 192 (2.22%) JUnit
10 141 (1.63%) TeamCity
11 139 (1.60%) Bitbucket
12 136 (1.57%) Subversion
13 130 (1.50%) Visual Studio Team System
14 88 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
14 88 (1.02%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
15 87 (1.00%) NUnit
16 84 (0.97%) SpecFlow
17 83 (0.96%) Eclipse
18 75 (0.87%) SoapUI
19 74 (0.85%) Artifactory
General
1 1,698 (19.60%) Finance
2 560 (6.46%) Public Sector
3 538 (6.21%) Banking
4 272 (3.14%) Front Office
5 242 (2.79%) Retail
6 164 (1.89%) Marketing
7 134 (1.55%) Investment Banking
8 132 (1.52%) Telecoms
9 114 (1.32%) Law
9 114 (1.32%) Legal
10 82 (0.95%) Manufacturing
11 80 (0.92%) Back Office
12 51 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
13 49 (0.57%) Local Government
14 47 (0.54%) Publishing
15 36 (0.42%) Advertising
16 29 (0.33%) Games
17 27 (0.31%) Electronics
18 26 (0.30%) Financial Institution
19 25 (0.29%) Billing
Job Titles
1 3,740 (43.17%) Developer
2 1,271 (14.67%) Analyst
3 698 (8.06%) SQL Developer
4 637 (7.35%) .NET Developer
5 543 (6.27%) Data Engineer
6 501 (5.78%) Architect
7 473 (5.46%) Java Developer
8 459 (5.30%) C# Developer
9 424 (4.89%) Data Analyst
10 407 (4.70%) Business Intelligence Developer
11 370 (4.27%) Consultant
12 316 (3.65%) DBA
13 283 (3.27%) Senior Developer
14 245 (2.83%) C# .NET Developer
15 230 (2.65%) SQL Analyst
16 205 (2.37%) SQL DBA
17 198 (2.29%) Azure Engineer
18 197 (2.27%) Full Stack Developer
19 181 (2.09%) Software Engineer
20 180 (2.08%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,684 (19.44%) .NET
2 736 (8.49%) HTML
3 701 (8.09%) XML
4 649 (7.49%) CSS
5 635 (7.33%) AngularJS
6 630 (7.27%) Web Services
7 475 (5.48%) ASP.NET
8 450 (5.19%) REST
9 440 (5.08%) Spring
10 426 (4.92%) JSON
11 373 (4.31%) React
12 333 (3.84%) RESTful
13 318 (3.67%) .NET Core
14 311 (3.59%) .NET Framework
15 302 (3.49%) Node.js
16 283 (3.27%) SOAP
17 248 (2.86%) jQuery
18 225 (2.60%) ASP.NET Web API
19 222 (2.56%) J2EE
20 201 (2.32%) Kafka
Miscellaneous
1 896 (10.34%) Analytical Skills
2 261 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
3 220 (2.54%) Data Structures
4 178 (2.05%) Fixed Income
5 167 (1.93%) Derivative
6 164 (1.89%) Management Information System
7 152 (1.75%) Algorithms
8 146 (1.69%) User Experience
9 138 (1.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
10 135 (1.56%) Data Centre
10 135 (1.56%) Self-Motivation
11 130 (1.50%) Public Cloud
12 121 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
13 120 (1.39%) Hedge funds
14 113 (1.30%) Replication
15 109 (1.26%) NHS
16 94 (1.08%) Clustering
17 88 (1.02%) Equities
18 85 (0.98%) Virtual Team
19 82 (0.95%) Equity Derivative
Operating Systems
1 1,082 (12.49%) Windows
2 803 (9.27%) Linux
3 631 (7.28%) Unix
4 396 (4.57%) Windows Server
5 155 (1.79%) Windows Server 2012
6 151 (1.74%) Windows Server 2008
7 105 (1.21%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 95 (1.10%) Windows 10
9 63 (0.73%) Windows 7
10 60 (0.69%) AIX
11 57 (0.66%) Solaris
12 49 (0.57%) Windows Server 2003
13 44 (0.51%) Android
14 35 (0.40%) Ubuntu
15 34 (0.39%) Windows XP
16 32 (0.37%) CentOS
17 26 (0.30%) Apple iOS
18 25 (0.29%) VMS
19 21 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
20 10 (0.12%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,519 (29.07%) Agile Software Development
2 1,715 (19.79%) Business Intelligence
3 1,164 (13.43%) ETL
4 1,118 (12.90%) DevOps
5 1,110 (12.81%) Analytics
6 1,027 (11.85%) Migration
7 886 (10.23%) Data Modelling
8 758 (8.75%) Test Automation
9 687 (7.93%) Problem-Solving
10 681 (7.86%) Scrum
11 625 (7.21%) TDD
12 622 (7.18%) Microservices
13 536 (6.19%) Visualisation
14 527 (6.08%) MVC
15 522 (6.02%) Continuous Integration
16 468 (5.40%) Software Engineering
17 463 (5.34%) Data Analysis
18 418 (4.82%) Data Science
19 381 (4.40%) Data Migration
20 375 (4.33%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 1,676 (19.34%) C#
2 1,602 (18.49%) Java
3 1,473 (17.00%) Python
4 1,220 (14.08%) JavaScript
5 905 (10.45%) T-SQL
6 717 (8.28%) PL/SQL
7 619 (7.14%) PowerShell
8 340 (3.92%) Scala
9 330 (3.81%) R
10 246 (2.84%) Shell Script
11 236 (2.72%) VBA
12 212 (2.45%) C++
13 188 (2.17%) TypeScript
14 169 (1.95%) Bash Shell
15 163 (1.88%) C
16 150 (1.73%) VB
17 147 (1.70%) Perl
17 147 (1.70%) VB.NET
18 139 (1.60%) Ruby
19 133 (1.54%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 875 (10.10%) Security Cleared
2 712 (8.22%) SC Cleared
3 454 (5.24%) Degree
4 127 (1.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 110 (1.27%) DV Cleared
6 108 (1.25%) ISTQB
7 100 (1.15%) Microsoft Certification
8 94 (1.08%) ISEB
9 56 (0.65%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 49 (0.57%) PhD
11 44 (0.51%) Cisco Certification
12 43 (0.50%) MCSE
13 41 (0.47%) Master's Degree
14 40 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
15 37 (0.43%) CCNA
16 34 (0.39%) MCSA
16 34 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
17 29 (0.33%) DBS Check
18 23 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
19 19 (0.22%) Citrix Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 338 (3.90%) QA
2 238 (2.75%) Data Quality
3 92 (1.06%) GDPR
4 79 (0.91%) SLA
5 28 (0.32%) IFRS
6 24 (0.28%) MiFID
7 22 (0.25%) Solvency II
8 14 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 13 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
9 13 (0.15%) WCAG
10 12 (0.14%) PMO
11 9 (0.10%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 8 (0.092%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 7 (0.081%) Basel III
14 6 (0.069%) EMIR
14 6 (0.069%) GxP
14 6 (0.069%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 6 (0.069%) PCI DSS
15 5 (0.058%) COREP
15 5 (0.058%) HL7
System Software
1 534 (6.16%) Active Directory
2 491 (5.67%) Docker
3 228 (2.63%) VMware Infrastructure
4 127 (1.47%) Virtual Machines
5 115 (1.33%) Hyper-V
6 99 (1.14%) HDFS
7 64 (0.74%) vSphere
8 62 (0.72%) VMware ESXi
9 49 (0.57%) Oracle RAC
10 48 (0.55%) XenApp
11 30 (0.35%) Microsoft App-V
12 27 (0.31%) Virtual Servers
13 23 (0.27%) Postfix
13 23 (0.27%) XenDesktop
14 19 (0.22%) NFS
15 16 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
16 14 (0.16%) Citrix Hypervisor
16 14 (0.16%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
17 12 (0.14%) Terminal Services
17 12 (0.14%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 350 (4.04%) Kubernetes
2 192 (2.22%) Terraform
3 159 (1.84%) SCCM
4 146 (1.69%) Ansible
5 86 (0.99%) Puppet
6 60 (0.69%) Opscode Chef
7 58 (0.67%) Hadoop YARN
8 53 (0.61%) SCOM
9 42 (0.48%) Data Guard
10 40 (0.46%) Kibana
11 35 (0.40%) Oracle RMAN
12 33 (0.38%) NetBackup
13 32 (0.37%) Microsoft Intune
14 31 (0.36%) Microsoft Clustering
15 25 (0.29%) Single Sign-On
16 22 (0.25%) McAfee ePO
16 22 (0.25%) Oozie
16 22 (0.25%) Tivoli
17 20 (0.23%) Nagios
17 20 (0.23%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 1,884 (21.75%) Microsoft
2 1,674 (19.32%) Oracle
3 513 (5.92%) Tableau
4 341 (3.94%) VMware
5 286 (3.30%) Google
6 241 (2.78%) SAP
7 194 (2.24%) IBM
8 171 (1.97%) Informatica
9 149 (1.72%) Citrix
10 144 (1.66%) Red Hat
11 138 (1.59%) Databricks
12 134 (1.55%) webMethods
13 132 (1.52%) Sybase
14 125 (1.44%) Cloudera
15 101 (1.17%) Cognos
16 98 (1.13%) Talend
17 93 (1.07%) MuleSoft
18 86 (0.99%) HP
19 85 (0.98%) Cisco
20 80 (0.92%) BEA