Period
to 21 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13,739 12,810 14,725
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.19% 13.35% 13.38%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.13% 32.09% 34.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,475 8,716 10,226
UK median daily rate £438 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £290 £275 £263
90th Percentile £613 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £395 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +5.33% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 222 236 261
UK median hourly rate £24.50 £39.25 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.58% +40.18% +14.29%
10th Percentile £12.75 £13.15 £12.25
90th Percentile £51.25 £51.75 £46.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £40.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -43.75% +42.86% +12.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,594 39,914 42,533
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.77% 41.60% 38.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 31,916 27,365 29,155
UK median daily rate £463 £445 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.93% +4.71% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £625 £594
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 798 802 924
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £41.25 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.61% +10.00% +7.14%
10th Percentile £16.25 £16.25 £13.26
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.75 £42.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year -2.98% +12.00% +7.14%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 12,484 £450 +5.88% 4,485
UK excluding London -2 6,976 £395 +5.33% 3,168
London +2 6,584 £500 +5.26% 1,606
South East 0 1,963 £413 +6.45% 765
North of England -1 1,607 £375 - 927
Midlands 0 1,080 £388 +10.71% 552
Scotland 0 837 £375 -3.23% 191
North West -1 832 £375 - 506
South West 0 656 £388 +3.33% 318
West Midlands +1 632 £388 +6.16% 334
Yorkshire 0 622 £388 +3.33% 351
East of England -1 579 £400 +10.34% 311
East Midlands +2 444 £386 +14.44% 218
Wales -4 167 £400 +23.08% 62
North East +2 156 £318 -9.21% 70
Northern Ireland 0 106 £431 +7.08% 37
Channel Islands -1 4 - -

For the 6 months to 21 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,263 (31.03%) Agile Software Development
2 3,853 (28.04%) SQL Server
3 3,399 (24.74%) C#
4 3,332 (24.25%) Finance
5 3,083 (22.44%) .NET
6 2,793 (20.33%) Oracle
7 2,767 (20.14%) Java
8 2,682 (19.52%) Microsoft
9 2,255 (16.41%) JavaScript
10 1,851 (13.47%) Business Intelligence
11 1,788 (13.01%) Python
12 1,786 (13.00%) Windows
13 1,667 (12.13%) Linux
14 1,636 (11.91%) Microsoft Azure
15 1,571 (11.43%) HTML
16 1,521 (11.07%) ETL
17 1,464 (10.66%) TDD
18 1,461 (10.63%) Data Warehouse
19 1,436 (10.45%) T-SQL
20 1,414 (10.29%) Banking
21 1,410 (10.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 1,406 (10.23%) Unix
23 1,367 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
24 1,360 (9.90%) Analytics
25 1,339 (9.75%) Problem-Solving
26 1,301 (9.47%) XML
27 1,293 (9.41%) Scrum
28 1,291 (9.40%) MVC
29 1,278 (9.30%) Test Automation
30 1,237 (9.00%) CSS

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 555 (4.04%) Apache Spark
2 370 (2.69%) SharePoint
3 367 (2.67%) Apache
4 346 (2.52%) SAS
5 344 (2.50%) Confluence
6 343 (2.50%) IIS
7 267 (1.94%) Elasticsearch
8 251 (1.83%) Tomcat
9 239 (1.74%) WebSphere
10 185 (1.35%) WebLogic
11 170 (1.24%) MS Exchange
12 168 (1.22%) CMS
13 131 (0.95%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 128 (0.93%) JBoss
15 115 (0.84%) Oracle Workflow
16 85 (0.62%) BizTalk Server
17 78 (0.57%) NServiceBus
18 76 (0.55%) nginx
19 66 (0.48%) Apache Solr
20 65 (0.47%) Exchange Server 2010
Applications
1 890 (6.48%) Microsoft Excel
2 304 (2.21%) Microsoft Office
3 124 (0.90%) MS Visio
4 118 (0.86%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 69 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
6 52 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
7 42 (0.31%) SPSS
8 22 (0.16%) Photoshop
9 15 (0.11%) Chatbot
9 15 (0.11%) Stata
10 7 (0.051%) AutoCAD
11 5 (0.036%) Autodesk Inventor
11 5 (0.036%) InfoPath
11 5 (0.036%) Windchill
12 4 (0.029%) Adobe Illustrator
12 4 (0.029%) HipChat
13 3 (0.022%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.022%) Mozilla Thunderbird
14 2 (0.015%) InDesign
14 2 (0.015%) Revit
Business Applications
1 178 (1.30%) Dynamics CRM
2 111 (0.81%) Oracle EBS
3 81 (0.59%) Oracle EBS R12
4 78 (0.57%) Dynamics AX
5 74 (0.54%) Markit EDM
6 53 (0.39%) Oracle Receivables
7 45 (0.33%) Oracle Payables
8 43 (0.31%) Oracle Financials
9 40 (0.29%) Oracle General Ledger
10 36 (0.26%) Remedy ITSM
10 36 (0.26%) thinkFolio
11 32 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
12 30 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
12 30 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 25 (0.18%) Sonata
13 25 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
14 24 (0.17%) Sage 200
14 24 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
15 23 (0.17%) Oracle ERP
16 22 (0.16%) NetSuite
Cloud Services
1 1,636 (11.91%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,124 (8.18%) Amazon AWS
3 265 (1.93%) Office 365
4 227 (1.65%) PaaS
5 197 (1.43%) GitHub
6 196 (1.43%) Google Cloud Platform
7 184 (1.34%) Cloud Computing
8 170 (1.24%) SaaS
9 148 (1.08%) Amazon S3
10 146 (1.06%) IaaS
11 145 (1.06%) Amazon EC2
12 118 (0.86%) Azure Data Factory
13 116 (0.84%) Google Analytics
14 107 (0.78%) Serverless
15 94 (0.68%) Dynamics 365
16 67 (0.49%) Azure Active Directory
16 67 (0.49%) npm
16 67 (0.49%) Slack
17 58 (0.42%) Amazon EMR
18 46 (0.33%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 266 (1.94%) DNS
2 263 (1.91%) Firewall
3 229 (1.67%) HTTP
4 196 (1.43%) Internet
5 166 (1.21%) TCP/IP
6 157 (1.14%) DHCP
6 157 (1.14%) SAN
7 120 (0.87%) SMS
8 111 (0.81%) SSL
9 105 (0.76%) LAN
10 100 (0.73%) VPN
11 95 (0.69%) WAN
12 94 (0.68%) FTP
13 57 (0.41%) Intranet
14 50 (0.36%) Kerberos
14 50 (0.36%) VLAN
15 48 (0.35%) Skype
16 47 (0.34%) NAS
17 39 (0.28%) Network Security
18 36 (0.26%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,853 (28.04%) SQL Server
2 1,461 (10.63%) Data Warehouse
3 1,410 (10.26%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,167 (8.49%) Relational Database
5 1,123 (8.17%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,074 (7.82%) NoSQL
7 859 (6.25%) Big Data
8 736 (5.36%) MySQL
9 716 (5.21%) Hadoop
10 714 (5.20%) Power BI
11 705 (5.13%) PostgreSQL
12 654 (4.76%) Oracle Database
13 592 (4.31%) MongoDB
14 560 (4.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 378 (2.75%) SQL Server 2012
16 356 (2.59%) SQL Server 2008
17 346 (2.52%) Apache Hive
18 339 (2.47%) RDBMS
19 307 (2.23%) SQL Server 2016
20 295 (2.15%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,202 (8.75%) Git (software)
2 935 (6.81%) JIRA
3 821 (5.98%) Jenkins
4 628 (4.57%) Visual Studio
5 608 (4.43%) Selenium
6 576 (4.19%) Team Foundation Server
7 375 (2.73%) Cucumber
8 340 (2.47%) Maven
9 320 (2.33%) TeamCity
10 313 (2.28%) JUnit
11 298 (2.17%) Subversion
12 254 (1.85%) Visual Studio Team System
13 241 (1.75%) SpecFlow
14 225 (1.64%) NUnit
15 164 (1.19%) WebDriver
16 160 (1.16%) SoapUI
17 157 (1.14%) Eclipse
18 130 (0.95%) Octopus Deploy
19 125 (0.91%) Bitbucket
20 120 (0.87%) Gradle
General
1 3,332 (24.25%) Finance
2 1,414 (10.29%) Banking
3 569 (4.14%) Front Office
4 443 (3.22%) Retail
5 415 (3.02%) Investment Banking
6 324 (2.36%) Marketing
7 220 (1.60%) Telecoms
8 198 (1.44%) Legal
9 195 (1.42%) Back Office
10 152 (1.11%) Manufacturing
11 147 (1.07%) Financial Institution
12 143 (1.04%) Advertising
13 133 (0.97%) Law
14 99 (0.72%) Games
15 75 (0.55%) Publishing
16 62 (0.45%) Retail Banking
17 53 (0.39%) General Ledger
18 47 (0.34%) Billing
19 46 (0.33%) Automotive
20 37 (0.27%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 6,530 (47.53%) Developer
2 2,356 (17.15%) Analyst
3 1,356 (9.87%) .NET Developer
4 1,311 (9.54%) C# Developer
5 1,251 (9.11%) SQL Developer
6 976 (7.10%) Java Developer
7 678 (4.93%) C# .NET Developer
8 635 (4.62%) Senior Developer
9 621 (4.52%) Data Analyst
10 582 (4.24%) Architect
11 574 (4.18%) Consultant
12 467 (3.40%) Data Engineer
13 465 (3.38%) Test Analyst
14 451 (3.28%) Business Intelligence Developer
15 432 (3.14%) DBA
16 403 (2.93%) Full Stack Developer
17 402 (2.93%) SQL Analyst
18 373 (2.71%) Business Analyst
19 331 (2.41%) Tester
20 327 (2.38%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,083 (22.44%) .NET
2 1,571 (11.43%) HTML
3 1,301 (9.47%) XML
4 1,237 (9.00%) CSS
5 1,202 (8.75%) ASP.NET
6 1,156 (8.41%) AngularJS
7 1,138 (8.28%) Web Services
8 844 (6.14%) REST
9 767 (5.58%) Spring
10 655 (4.77%) .NET Framework
11 641 (4.67%) ASP.NET Web API
12 637 (4.64%) jQuery
13 612 (4.45%) ASP.NET MVC
14 570 (4.15%) JSON
15 536 (3.90%) WCF
16 508 (3.70%) RESTful
17 503 (3.66%) SOAP
18 498 (3.62%) Node.js
19 467 (3.40%) HTML5
20 435 (3.17%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,367 (9.95%) Analytical Skills
2 553 (4.03%) Greenfield Project
3 476 (3.46%) Computer Science
4 309 (2.25%) Fixed Income
5 287 (2.09%) Algorithms
6 285 (2.07%) Derivative
7 270 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
8 267 (1.94%) Management Information System
9 266 (1.94%) User Experience
10 249 (1.81%) Data Structures
10 249 (1.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
11 240 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
12 223 (1.62%) Fintech
13 181 (1.32%) Clustering
14 168 (1.22%) Replication
15 157 (1.14%) Mobile App
16 137 (1.00%) Data Centre
17 131 (0.95%) Equities
18 124 (0.90%) Hedge funds
19 122 (0.89%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,786 (13.00%) Windows
2 1,667 (12.13%) Linux
3 1,406 (10.23%) Unix
4 686 (4.99%) Windows Server
5 262 (1.91%) Windows Server 2008
6 233 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
7 204 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 150 (1.09%) Windows 7
9 134 (0.98%) Windows 10
10 133 (0.97%) Android
11 130 (0.95%) Windows Server 2003
12 125 (0.91%) Apple iOS
13 116 (0.84%) AIX
14 113 (0.82%) Solaris
15 81 (0.59%) CentOS
16 68 (0.49%) Ubuntu
17 45 (0.33%) VMS
18 29 (0.21%) Windows XP
19 28 (0.20%) Windows Phone
20 26 (0.19%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,263 (31.03%) Agile Software Development
2 1,851 (13.47%) Business Intelligence
3 1,521 (11.07%) ETL
4 1,464 (10.66%) TDD
5 1,360 (9.90%) Analytics
6 1,339 (9.75%) Problem-Solving
7 1,293 (9.41%) Scrum
8 1,291 (9.40%) MVC
9 1,278 (9.30%) Test Automation
10 1,001 (7.29%) Data Modelling
11 992 (7.22%) Migration
12 955 (6.95%) DevOps
13 936 (6.81%) Continuous Integration
14 809 (5.89%) BDD
15 776 (5.65%) SDLC
16 726 (5.28%) Software Engineering
17 706 (5.14%) Data Analysis
18 705 (5.13%) Microservices
19 699 (5.09%) OO
20 582 (4.24%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,399 (24.74%) C#
2 2,767 (20.14%) Java
3 2,255 (16.41%) JavaScript
4 1,788 (13.01%) Python
5 1,436 (10.45%) T-SQL
6 1,176 (8.56%) PL/SQL
7 658 (4.79%) PowerShell
8 492 (3.58%) C++
9 466 (3.39%) Shell Script
10 439 (3.20%) Scala
11 414 (3.01%) R
12 413 (3.01%) VBA
13 330 (2.40%) Perl
14 329 (2.39%) VB.NET
15 325 (2.37%) Java 8
16 295 (2.15%) Bash Shell
17 285 (2.07%) PHP
18 270 (1.97%) VB
19 266 (1.94%) Ruby
20 244 (1.78%) C
Qualifications
1 873 (6.35%) Security Cleared
2 837 (6.09%) Degree
3 648 (4.72%) SC Cleared
4 232 (1.69%) ISTQB
5 190 (1.38%) Computer Science Degree
6 167 (1.22%) ISEB
7 154 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
8 141 (1.03%) DV Cleared
9 108 (0.79%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 83 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
11 73 (0.53%) MCSE
12 57 (0.41%) Master's Degree
13 45 (0.33%) MCSA
14 42 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
15 41 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
16 39 (0.28%) PhD
17 37 (0.27%) ITIL Certification
18 32 (0.23%) DBS Check
19 28 (0.20%) CCNA
19 28 (0.20%) MCITP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 588 (4.28%) QA
2 465 (3.38%) Data Quality
3 187 (1.36%) GDPR
4 111 (0.81%) SLA
5 89 (0.65%) GCP
6 66 (0.48%) PMO
7 53 (0.39%) MiFID
8 45 (0.33%) Disclosure Scotland
9 30 (0.22%) EMIR
10 28 (0.20%) IFRS
11 26 (0.19%) Dodd-Frank
12 22 (0.16%) IFRS 9
13 17 (0.12%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 14 (0.10%) HL7
14 14 (0.10%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 14 (0.10%) PCI DSS
15 13 (0.095%) ISO/IEC 27001
16 12 (0.087%) Solvency II
17 9 (0.066%) SEPA
18 8 (0.058%) WCAG
System Software
1 659 (4.80%) Active Directory
2 540 (3.93%) Docker
3 330 (2.40%) VMware Infrastructure
4 252 (1.83%) Hyper-V
5 127 (0.92%) VMware ESXi
6 120 (0.87%) HDFS
7 93 (0.68%) XenApp
8 86 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
9 69 (0.50%) Apache Flume
10 68 (0.49%) vSphere
11 67 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
12 62 (0.45%) Oracle RAC
13 54 (0.39%) XenDesktop
14 47 (0.34%) Virtual Desktop
15 31 (0.23%) XenServer
16 23 (0.17%) Xen
17 19 (0.14%) NFS
18 18 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
19 16 (0.12%) etcd
20 14 (0.10%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 251 (1.83%) Puppet
2 248 (1.81%) Ansible
3 222 (1.62%) SCCM
4 191 (1.39%) Kubernetes
5 184 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
6 146 (1.06%) Terraform
7 114 (0.83%) SCOM
8 108 (0.79%) Oozie
9 105 (0.76%) HP ALM
10 86 (0.63%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 83 (0.60%) HP Quality Center
12 75 (0.55%) Kibana
13 67 (0.49%) McAfee ePO
14 66 (0.48%) Single Sign-On
15 65 (0.47%) Grafana
16 61 (0.44%) Microsoft Clustering
16 61 (0.44%) WSUS
17 59 (0.43%) Data Guard
18 53 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
19 49 (0.36%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 2,793 (20.33%) Oracle
2 2,682 (19.52%) Microsoft
3 539 (3.92%) Tableau
4 529 (3.85%) VMware
5 405 (2.95%) SAP
6 365 (2.66%) IBM
7 334 (2.43%) Google
8 321 (2.34%) Citrix
9 279 (2.03%) HP
10 246 (1.79%) Informatica
11 208 (1.51%) Red Hat
11 208 (1.51%) Salesforce.com
12 200 (1.46%) Teradata
13 183 (1.33%) Cisco
14 147 (1.07%) Cognos
15 130 (0.95%) Talend
16 129 (0.94%) Splunk
17 126 (0.92%) Cloudera
18 125 (0.91%) McAfee
19 119 (0.87%) TIBCO