Period
to 19 August 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12990 14419 16624
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.47% 13.29% 14.75%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.06% 33.88% 39.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 8888 9954 11097
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £281 £263 £255
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year +7.07% +0.07% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 239 272 343
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £29.00 £24.23
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.69% +19.69% -13.46%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.25 £13.50
90th Percentile £52.24 £46.75 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £29.00 £26.09
% change year-on-year +29.31% +11.15% -4.26%

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 40524 42556 42426
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 42.03% 39.22% 37.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 27858 29250 28187
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.96%
10th Percentile £300 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +2.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 779 909 905
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +4.73%
10th Percentile £16.00 £13.46 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +4.17% +5.88%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11841 £425 +6.25% 2256
UK excluding London +1 6411 £375 +7.07% 1534
London -1 6411 £475 +5.56% 855
South East 0 1783 £375 - 377
North of England +3 1465 £375 +7.14% 485
Midlands -2 841 £350 -6.67% 232
North West +1 795 £375 +7.14% 256
South West -1 703 £375 +7.14% 155
Scotland +1 679 £388 +10.71% 100
East of England 0 598 £375 +7.14% 148
Yorkshire -1 539 £375 +3.45% 205
West Midlands -2 483 £363 -3.33% 127
East Midlands -5 346 £340 -2.86% 105
Northern Ireland -5 188 £403 +96.34% 11
Wales +1 172 £330 +1.54% 24
North East -1 143 £358 +11.72% 24
Channel Islands -3 1 £300 -28.36%

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3852 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
2 3563 (27.43%) SQL Server
3 3282 (25.27%) Finance
4 3004 (23.13%) Java
5 2883 (22.19%) Oracle
6 2596 (19.98%) C#
7 2575 (19.82%) .NET
8 2289 (17.62%) Microsoft
9 2156 (16.60%) JavaScript
10 1760 (13.55%) Linux
11 1759 (13.54%) Business Intelligence
12 1662 (12.79%) Banking
13 1659 (12.77%) Windows
14 1642 (12.64%) HTML
15 1590 (12.24%) Unix
16 1405 (10.82%) Analytical Skills
17 1401 (10.79%) Python
18 1377 (10.60%) T-SQL
19 1375 (10.59%) MVC
20 1347 (10.37%) ETL
21 1342 (10.33%) Data Warehouse
22 1294 (9.96%) TDD
23 1285 (9.89%) XML
24 1276 (9.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
25 1274 (9.81%) Web Services
26 1259 (9.69%) CSS
27 1237 (9.52%) Relational Database
28 1163 (8.95%) Scrum
29 1162 (8.95%) PL/SQL
30 1130 (8.70%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 413 (3.18%) SharePoint
2 365 (2.81%) Apache Spark
3 358 (2.76%) SAS
4 343 (2.64%) Apache
5 340 (2.62%) IIS
6 316 (2.43%) JBoss
7 286 (2.20%) Tomcat
8 254 (1.96%) Confluence
9 240 (1.85%) WebLogic
10 237 (1.82%) WebSphere
11 191 (1.47%) CMS
12 162 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
13 142 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 124 (0.95%) MS Exchange
15 89 (0.69%) Apache Solr
16 79 (0.61%) Oracle Workflow
17 74 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
18 65 (0.50%) WebSphere Application Server
19 56 (0.43%) Skype for Business
20 54 (0.42%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 897 (6.91%) Microsoft Excel
2 358 (2.76%) Microsoft Office
3 156 (1.20%) MS Visio
4 132 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 68 (0.52%) Spreadsheet
6 46 (0.35%) SPSS
7 45 (0.35%) Microsoft Project
8 29 (0.22%) Stata
9 9 (0.069%) Simulink
10 8 (0.062%) InfoPath
11 4 (0.031%) Photoshop
11 4 (0.031%) SmartSuite
12 3 (0.023%) LaTeX
12 3 (0.023%) S-PLUS
13 2 (0.015%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 2 (0.015%) EViews
13 2 (0.015%) Mingle
13 2 (0.015%) SPSS Modeler
14 1 (0.008%) InDesign
14 1 (0.008%) Weka
Business Applications
1 260 (2.00%) Dynamics CRM
2 93 (0.72%) Markit EDM
3 83 (0.64%) Dynamics AX
4 74 (0.57%) Oracle EBS
5 53 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
6 49 (0.38%) ION MarketView
7 33 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
8 30 (0.23%) Magento
8 30 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
9 29 (0.22%) Oracle BPM
10 28 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
10 28 (0.22%) Oracle Receivables
11 23 (0.18%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 23 (0.18%) Oracle Financials
11 23 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
12 20 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
12 20 (0.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 19 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
14 18 (0.14%) Global One
14 18 (0.14%) Maximo
Cloud Services
1 780 (6.00%) Microsoft Azure
2 647 (4.98%) Amazon AWS
3 177 (1.36%) Office 365
4 147 (1.13%) GitHub
5 104 (0.80%) PaaS
6 98 (0.75%) SaaS
7 92 (0.71%) Cloud Computing
8 86 (0.66%) IaaS
9 56 (0.43%) Google Analytics
10 54 (0.42%) Dynamics 365
10 54 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
11 51 (0.39%) Amazon S3
12 50 (0.38%) Amazon EC2
13 39 (0.30%) Azure Active Directory
14 33 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
15 29 (0.22%) Adobe Analytics
15 29 (0.22%) Azure Data Factory
16 27 (0.21%) Amazon EMR
17 25 (0.19%) Slack
18 23 (0.18%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 244 (1.88%) Firewall
2 220 (1.69%) HTTP
3 208 (1.60%) TCP/IP
4 203 (1.56%) Internet
5 202 (1.56%) DNS
6 182 (1.40%) LDAP
7 151 (1.16%) SAN
8 126 (0.97%) SSL
9 109 (0.84%) LAN
10 101 (0.78%) WAN
11 95 (0.73%) DHCP
12 69 (0.53%) SSH
13 65 (0.50%) VPN
14 52 (0.40%) Network Security
15 50 (0.38%) HTTPS
16 47 (0.36%) Kerberos
17 44 (0.34%) NAS
18 40 (0.31%) SMS
19 35 (0.27%) Skype
20 34 (0.26%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3563 (27.43%) SQL Server
2 1342 (10.33%) Data Warehouse
3 1276 (9.82%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1237 (9.52%) Relational Database
5 1059 (8.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 787 (6.06%) NoSQL
7 742 (5.71%) Oracle Database
8 671 (5.17%) Big Data
9 657 (5.06%) MySQL
10 608 (4.68%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 601 (4.63%) Hadoop
12 580 (4.46%) MongoDB
13 504 (3.88%) RDBMS
14 491 (3.78%) SQL Server 2012
15 485 (3.73%) SQL Server 2008
16 394 (3.03%) PostgreSQL
17 345 (2.66%) Power BI
18 317 (2.44%) DB2
19 306 (2.36%) BusinessObjects
20 276 (2.12%) QlikView
Development Applications
1 1084 (8.34%) Git (software)
2 924 (7.11%) JIRA
3 838 (6.45%) Jenkins
4 612 (4.71%) Team Foundation Server
5 485 (3.73%) Visual Studio
6 450 (3.46%) Selenium
7 410 (3.16%) JUnit
8 385 (2.96%) Maven
9 309 (2.38%) Cucumber
10 308 (2.37%) Subversion
11 273 (2.10%) TeamCity
12 223 (1.72%) Eclipse
13 201 (1.55%) NUnit
14 149 (1.15%) Ant
15 145 (1.12%) Mockito
16 143 (1.10%) Talend Open Studio
17 137 (1.05%) SoapUI
18 117 (0.90%) IntelliJ
18 117 (0.90%) SpecFlow
19 116 (0.89%) Gradle
General
1 3282 (25.27%) Finance
2 1662 (12.79%) Banking
3 633 (4.87%) Investment Banking
4 614 (4.73%) Front Office
5 578 (4.45%) Retail
6 455 (3.50%) Marketing
7 263 (2.02%) Telecoms
8 199 (1.53%) Manufacturing
9 184 (1.42%) Financial Institution
10 166 (1.28%) Back Office
11 164 (1.26%) Legal
12 127 (0.98%) Games
13 112 (0.86%) Advertising
13 112 (0.86%) Electronics
14 98 (0.75%) Publishing
15 93 (0.72%) Law
15 93 (0.72%) Retail Banking
16 63 (0.48%) Billing
16 63 (0.48%) Pharmaceutical
17 52 (0.40%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6251 (48.12%) Developer
2 2589 (19.93%) Analyst
3 1356 (10.44%) SQL Developer
4 1265 (9.74%) Java Developer
5 1102 (8.48%) .NET Developer
6 963 (7.41%) C# Developer
7 637 (4.90%) Data Analyst
7 637 (4.90%) Senior Developer
8 604 (4.65%) Consultant
9 536 (4.13%) C# .NET Developer
10 512 (3.94%) Business Analyst
11 501 (3.86%) DBA
12 476 (3.66%) SQL Analyst
13 464 (3.57%) Architect
14 408 (3.14%) Test Analyst
15 406 (3.13%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 358 (2.76%) Oracle Developer
17 330 (2.54%) SQL DBA
18 313 (2.41%) Support Analyst
19 293 (2.26%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2575 (19.82%) .NET
2 1642 (12.64%) HTML
3 1285 (9.89%) XML
4 1274 (9.81%) Web Services
5 1259 (9.69%) CSS
6 1070 (8.24%) ASP.NET
7 1013 (7.80%) Spring
8 966 (7.44%) AngularJS
9 782 (6.02%) REST
10 730 (5.62%) jQuery
11 625 (4.81%) JSON
12 595 (4.58%) .NET Framework
13 552 (4.25%) HTML5
14 548 (4.22%) SOAP
15 529 (4.07%) Hibernate
16 514 (3.96%) ASP.NET MVC
17 487 (3.75%) ASP.NET Web API
18 474 (3.65%) WCF
19 444 (3.42%) RESTful
20 395 (3.04%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1405 (10.82%) Analytical Skills
2 459 (3.53%) Computer Science
3 390 (3.00%) Greenfield Project
4 356 (2.74%) Fixed Income
5 338 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 322 (2.48%) Equities
7 317 (2.44%) Management Information System
8 282 (2.17%) Data Structures
9 281 (2.16%) Derivative
10 270 (2.08%) Algorithms
11 201 (1.55%) User Experience
12 200 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 172 (1.32%) Mobile App
14 170 (1.31%) Clustering
15 149 (1.15%) NHS
16 148 (1.14%) Data Centre
16 148 (1.14%) Replication
17 131 (1.01%) Market Risk
18 130 (1.00%) Virtual Team
19 124 (0.95%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1760 (13.55%) Linux
2 1659 (12.77%) Windows
3 1590 (12.24%) Unix
4 511 (3.93%) Windows Server
5 280 (2.16%) Windows Server 2012
6 248 (1.91%) Windows Server 2008
7 202 (1.56%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 136 (1.05%) Solaris
9 114 (0.88%) Android
10 111 (0.85%) Windows 7
11 102 (0.79%) Windows Server 2003
12 98 (0.75%) Windows 10
13 96 (0.74%) Apple iOS
14 79 (0.61%) AIX
15 51 (0.39%) Windows XP
16 49 (0.38%) Mac OS X
17 48 (0.37%) CentOS
18 44 (0.34%) Ubuntu
19 41 (0.32%) zOS
20 34 (0.26%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3852 (29.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1759 (13.54%) Business Intelligence
3 1375 (10.59%) MVC
4 1347 (10.37%) ETL
5 1294 (9.96%) TDD
6 1163 (8.95%) Scrum
7 1130 (8.70%) Data Modelling
8 1057 (8.14%) Migration
9 1028 (7.91%) Test Automation
10 986 (7.59%) Analytics
11 876 (6.74%) Continuous Integration
12 854 (6.57%) Data Analysis
13 792 (6.10%) SDLC
14 759 (5.84%) OO
15 747 (5.75%) DevOps
16 611 (4.70%) Unit Testing
17 596 (4.59%) Software Engineering
18 551 (4.24%) Performance Tuning
19 546 (4.20%) CRM
20 534 (4.11%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 3004 (23.13%) Java
2 2596 (19.98%) C#
3 2156 (16.60%) JavaScript
4 1401 (10.79%) Python
5 1377 (10.60%) T-SQL
6 1162 (8.95%) PL/SQL
7 594 (4.57%) PowerShell
8 498 (3.83%) Shell Script
9 493 (3.80%) Perl
10 480 (3.70%) C++
11 447 (3.44%) VBA
12 365 (2.81%) Scala
13 345 (2.66%) R
14 313 (2.41%) VB.NET
15 308 (2.37%) C
16 286 (2.20%) VB
17 267 (2.06%) PHP
18 207 (1.59%) Ruby
19 202 (1.56%) Bash Shell
20 104 (0.80%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 879 (6.77%) Degree
2 763 (5.87%) Security Cleared
3 511 (3.93%) SC Cleared
4 179 (1.38%) ISTQB
5 177 (1.36%) Computer Science Degree
5 177 (1.36%) ISEB
6 155 (1.19%) Microsoft Certification
7 118 (0.91%) DV Cleared
8 81 (0.62%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 77 (0.59%) MCSE
10 65 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
11 63 (0.48%) Master's Degree
12 61 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
13 45 (0.35%) PhD
14 42 (0.32%) MCITP
15 40 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
16 35 (0.27%) CCNA
17 34 (0.26%) CISSP
18 30 (0.23%) MCSA
18 30 (0.23%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 604 (4.65%) QA
2 405 (3.12%) Data Quality
3 160 (1.23%) MiFID
4 106 (0.82%) SLA
5 66 (0.51%) EMIR
6 64 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
7 49 (0.38%) GDPR
8 45 (0.35%) PCI DSS
9 42 (0.32%) Dodd-Frank
10 27 (0.21%) HL7
11 25 (0.19%) PMO
12 22 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
13 20 (0.15%) Solvency II
14 18 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
15 13 (0.10%) Basel III
16 11 (0.085%) ISO 20022
16 11 (0.085%) ISO 9001
17 10 (0.077%) Actionable Recommendations
18 9 (0.069%) IFRS
19 8 (0.062%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 586 (4.51%) Active Directory
2 315 (2.42%) Docker
3 243 (1.87%) VMware Infrastructure
4 139 (1.07%) Hyper-V
5 99 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
6 85 (0.65%) HDFS
7 79 (0.61%) vSphere
8 62 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
9 59 (0.45%) Oracle RAC
10 49 (0.38%) Apache Flume
11 42 (0.32%) NFS
12 39 (0.30%) XenApp
13 31 (0.24%) Virtual Servers
14 29 (0.22%) Microsoft App-V
15 25 (0.19%) Xen
16 22 (0.17%) Time Sharing Option
16 22 (0.17%) XenDesktop
17 19 (0.15%) KVM
18 17 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 17 (0.13%) RACF
Systems Management
1 251 (1.93%) Puppet
2 190 (1.46%) Ansible
3 183 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
4 150 (1.15%) SCCM
5 112 (0.86%) SCOM
6 104 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
7 75 (0.58%) Kubernetes
8 70 (0.54%) Nagios
9 59 (0.45%) logstash
10 52 (0.40%) Control-M
11 51 (0.39%) Hadoop YARN
12 50 (0.38%) Kibana
13 47 (0.36%) Oracle RMAN
14 43 (0.33%) Terraform
15 42 (0.32%) Grafana
15 42 (0.32%) Oozie
15 42 (0.32%) WSUS
16 40 (0.31%) Microsoft Clustering
17 38 (0.29%) Failover Clustering
18 33 (0.25%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 2883 (22.19%) Oracle
2 2289 (17.62%) Microsoft
3 437 (3.36%) VMware
4 433 (3.33%) Tableau
5 391 (3.01%) SAP
6 371 (2.86%) Sybase
7 327 (2.52%) IBM
8 322 (2.48%) HP
9 229 (1.76%) Red Hat
10 198 (1.52%) Citrix
11 193 (1.49%) Informatica
12 187 (1.44%) Google
13 159 (1.22%) Cisco
14 153 (1.18%) Teradata
15 145 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
16 143 (1.10%) Talend
17 127 (0.98%) TIBCO
18 123 (0.95%) Cognos
19 112 (0.86%) ServiceNow
20 104 (0.80%) Bloomberg