Period
to 18 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
18 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 5 6 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13,183 12,977 12,694
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.25% 12.94% 13.06%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.87% 30.73% 32.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,155 9,003 8,672
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £306 £286 £263
90th Percentile £625 £625 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £385 £363
% change year-on-year +6.49% +6.21% +3.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 177 246 277
UK median hourly rate £32.50 £26.78 £33.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.38% -20.07% +11.67%
10th Percentile £14.82 £13.48 £13.90
90th Percentile £57.50 £48.97 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £28.75 £33.25
% change year-on-year +13.04% -13.53% +2.31%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 44,133 42,227 39,670
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.37% 42.10% 40.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,961 29,783 27,237
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £320 £308 £290
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 683 756 867
UK median hourly rate £42.25 £40.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £17.00 £16.56 £14.75
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £52.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 11,964 £450 +2.86% 4,887
UK excluding London 0 7,006 £410 +6.49% 3,530
London +1 5,988 £500 +2.56% 1,693
South East 0 1,966 £425 +6.25% 869
North of England +2 1,646 £390 +4.00% 958
Midlands +1 958 £400 +6.67% 603
South West -1 855 £425 +6.25% 416
North West 0 764 £375 - 484
Yorkshire +2 715 £400 +6.67% 410
Scotland 0 686 £400 +6.67% 186
West Midlands +1 627 £400 +6.67% 356
East of England -2 520 £414 +10.33% 350
East Midlands 0 326 £400 +10.34% 246
Wales +1 290 £420 +14.29% 115
North East +8 169 £415 -2.35% 64
Northern Ireland +5 89 £412 -1.90% 35
Isle of Man -1 7 £348 -13.13%
Channel Islands -1 2 £425 -

For the 6 months to 18 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,255 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
2 3,797 (28.80%) SQL Server
3 2,962 (22.47%) C#
4 2,919 (22.14%) Finance
5 2,784 (21.12%) .NET
6 2,683 (20.35%) Oracle
7 2,615 (19.84%) Java
8 2,493 (18.91%) Microsoft
9 2,259 (17.14%) JavaScript
10 2,177 (16.51%) Microsoft Azure
11 2,017 (15.30%) Business Intelligence
12 1,841 (13.96%) Python
13 1,638 (12.43%) ETL
14 1,583 (12.01%) Windows
15 1,567 (11.89%) Linux
16 1,536 (11.65%) T-SQL
17 1,471 (11.16%) Data Warehouse
18 1,449 (10.99%) Test Automation
19 1,441 (10.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 1,413 (10.72%) HTML
21 1,390 (10.54%) Git (software)
22 1,377 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
23 1,372 (10.41%) Analytics
24 1,336 (10.13%) Unix
25 1,317 (9.99%) Scrum
26 1,289 (9.78%) Amazon AWS
27 1,278 (9.69%) TDD
28 1,235 (9.37%) DevOps
29 1,195 (9.06%) Web Services
30 1,165 (8.84%) XML

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 490 (3.72%) Apache Spark
2 453 (3.44%) Confluence
3 364 (2.76%) SharePoint
4 343 (2.60%) SAS
5 341 (2.59%) Apache
6 308 (2.34%) WebLogic
7 280 (2.12%) IIS
8 242 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
9 209 (1.59%) Tomcat
10 177 (1.34%) WebSphere
11 165 (1.25%) CMS
12 137 (1.04%) JBoss
13 134 (1.02%) nginx
14 126 (0.96%) MS Exchange
15 74 (0.56%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 62 (0.47%) Mule
17 60 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
18 59 (0.45%) Apache Solr
19 53 (0.40%) Umbraco
20 51 (0.39%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 902 (6.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 287 (2.18%) Microsoft Office
3 127 (0.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 111 (0.84%) MS Visio
5 72 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
6 62 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
7 35 (0.27%) SPSS
8 21 (0.16%) Chatbot
9 13 (0.099%) Photoshop
10 7 (0.053%) Adobe Illustrator
11 5 (0.038%) CATIA
11 5 (0.038%) Siemens NX
12 4 (0.030%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.030%) Windchill
13 3 (0.023%) Acrobat
13 3 (0.023%) GNU Octave
13 3 (0.023%) Mathematica
13 3 (0.023%) Stata
14 1 (0.008%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 1 (0.008%) HipChat
Business Applications
1 255 (1.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 81 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
3 67 (0.51%) Oracle EBS R12
4 58 (0.44%) Markit EDM
5 54 (0.41%) Dynamics NAV
6 51 (0.39%) Dynamics AX
7 46 (0.35%) Maximo
8 45 (0.34%) Oracle Payables
9 44 (0.33%) Oracle Receivables
10 30 (0.23%) Oracle Retail
11 25 (0.19%) thinkFolio
12 24 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 23 (0.17%) Oracle BPM
14 21 (0.16%) Oracle Cash Management
14 21 (0.16%) Workday HCM
15 20 (0.15%) Oracle ERP
15 20 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
16 18 (0.14%) Oracle General Ledger
16 18 (0.14%) Sage X3
17 17 (0.13%) Oracle Assets
Cloud Services
1 2,177 (16.51%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,289 (9.78%) Amazon AWS
3 366 (2.78%) PaaS
4 313 (2.37%) Office 365
5 309 (2.34%) Google Cloud Platform
6 294 (2.23%) IaaS
7 259 (1.96%) GitHub
8 238 (1.81%) Azure Data Factory
9 199 (1.51%) SaaS
10 182 (1.38%) Amazon S3
11 178 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
12 176 (1.34%) Dynamics 365
13 169 (1.28%) Serverless
14 167 (1.27%) Azure Active Directory
15 119 (0.90%) Google Analytics
16 97 (0.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 86 (0.65%) Amazon EMR
18 70 (0.53%) Cloud Computing
19 64 (0.49%) npm
20 60 (0.46%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 288 (2.18%) Firewall
2 214 (1.62%) HTTP
3 210 (1.59%) TCP/IP
4 201 (1.52%) DNS
5 180 (1.37%) Internet
6 134 (1.02%) SAN
6 134 (1.02%) SSL
7 114 (0.86%) VPN
8 94 (0.71%) LAN
9 83 (0.63%) WAN
10 79 (0.60%) DHCP
11 65 (0.49%) Skype
12 62 (0.47%) AMQP
13 49 (0.37%) NAS
13 49 (0.37%) SSH
14 39 (0.30%) FTP
14 39 (0.30%) Network Security
15 38 (0.29%) HTTPS
15 38 (0.29%) Kerberos
16 37 (0.28%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,797 (28.80%) SQL Server
2 1,471 (11.16%) Data Warehouse
3 1,441 (10.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,095 (8.31%) Relational Database
4 1,095 (8.31%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,075 (8.15%) NoSQL
6 978 (7.42%) Power BI
7 799 (6.06%) Big Data
8 691 (5.24%) Hadoop
9 645 (4.89%) MySQL
10 621 (4.71%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 618 (4.69%) MongoDB
12 594 (4.51%) Oracle Database
13 592 (4.49%) PostgreSQL
14 472 (3.58%) Azure SQL Database
15 402 (3.05%) RDBMS
16 369 (2.80%) Apache Hive
17 319 (2.42%) SQL Server 2008
18 298 (2.26%) SQL Server 2012
19 286 (2.17%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 1,390 (10.54%) Git (software)
2 1,096 (8.31%) JIRA
3 907 (6.88%) Jenkins
4 649 (4.92%) Selenium
5 574 (4.35%) Visual Studio
6 563 (4.27%) Team Foundation Server
7 457 (3.47%) Cucumber
8 375 (2.84%) Maven
9 363 (2.75%) JUnit
10 351 (2.66%) Subversion
11 344 (2.61%) Visual Studio Team System
12 292 (2.21%) TeamCity
13 230 (1.74%) SoapUI
14 190 (1.44%) Eclipse
15 183 (1.39%) JMeter
16 177 (1.34%) SpecFlow
17 154 (1.17%) Bitbucket
18 144 (1.09%) Octopus Deploy
19 133 (1.01%) GitLab
20 132 (1.00%) Toad
General
1 2,919 (22.14%) Finance
2 1,146 (8.69%) Banking
3 520 (3.94%) Front Office
4 493 (3.74%) Retail
5 387 (2.94%) Investment Banking
6 355 (2.69%) Marketing
7 185 (1.40%) Legal
8 182 (1.38%) Telecoms
9 144 (1.09%) Manufacturing
10 138 (1.05%) Back Office
11 127 (0.96%) Advertising
12 120 (0.91%) Financial Institution
13 90 (0.68%) Publishing
14 82 (0.62%) Law
15 70 (0.53%) Billing
16 63 (0.48%) Games
17 62 (0.47%) Electronics
18 53 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
19 44 (0.33%) General Ledger
20 39 (0.30%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6,210 (47.11%) Developer
2 2,059 (15.62%) Analyst
3 1,249 (9.47%) SQL Developer
4 1,144 (8.68%) .NET Developer
5 1,013 (7.68%) C# Developer
6 947 (7.18%) Java Developer
7 659 (5.00%) Architect
8 622 (4.72%) Data Analyst
9 549 (4.16%) Senior Developer
10 521 (3.95%) Consultant
11 489 (3.71%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 458 (3.47%) C# .NET Developer
13 455 (3.45%) DBA
14 430 (3.26%) Test Analyst
15 392 (2.97%) Data Engineer
16 379 (2.87%) SQL Analyst
17 353 (2.68%) Full Stack Developer
18 349 (2.65%) Tester
19 320 (2.43%) DevOps Engineer
20 311 (2.36%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,784 (21.12%) .NET
2 1,413 (10.72%) HTML
3 1,195 (9.06%) Web Services
4 1,165 (8.84%) XML
5 1,154 (8.75%) CSS
6 1,080 (8.19%) AngularJS
7 1,015 (7.70%) ASP.NET
8 846 (6.42%) Spring
9 804 (6.10%) REST
10 770 (5.84%) .NET Framework
11 640 (4.85%) JSON
12 638 (4.84%) SOAP
13 626 (4.75%) jQuery
14 610 (4.63%) ASP.NET Web API
15 564 (4.28%) RESTful
16 552 (4.19%) React
17 537 (4.07%) Node.js
18 473 (3.59%) HTML5
19 440 (3.34%) ASP.NET MVC
20 418 (3.17%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 1,377 (10.45%) Analytical Skills
2 539 (4.09%) Greenfield Project
3 316 (2.40%) Fixed Income
4 291 (2.21%) Data Structures
5 275 (2.09%) Fintech
6 263 (1.99%) Algorithms
7 250 (1.90%) Self-Motivation
8 249 (1.89%) User Experience
9 230 (1.74%) Enterprise Software
10 213 (1.62%) Data Centre
10 213 (1.62%) Derivative
11 193 (1.46%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 171 (1.30%) Management Information System
13 150 (1.14%) Mobile App
14 149 (1.13%) Clustering
15 148 (1.12%) Hedge funds
16 145 (1.10%) Equities
17 144 (1.09%) NHS
18 140 (1.06%) Replication
19 84 (0.64%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,583 (12.01%) Windows
2 1,567 (11.89%) Linux
3 1,336 (10.13%) Unix
4 569 (4.32%) Windows Server
5 203 (1.54%) Windows Server 2012
6 195 (1.48%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 180 (1.37%) Windows Server 2008
8 126 (0.96%) Apple iOS
9 111 (0.84%) Android
10 105 (0.80%) Windows 10
11 98 (0.74%) Ubuntu
12 84 (0.64%) Windows 7
13 76 (0.58%) AIX
14 73 (0.55%) Solaris
15 62 (0.47%) CentOS
16 56 (0.42%) Windows Server 2003
17 37 (0.28%) CoreOS
18 25 (0.19%) VMS
19 20 (0.15%) OpenVMS
20 19 (0.14%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,255 (32.28%) Agile Software Development
2 2,017 (15.30%) Business Intelligence
3 1,638 (12.43%) ETL
4 1,449 (10.99%) Test Automation
5 1,372 (10.41%) Analytics
6 1,317 (9.99%) Scrum
7 1,278 (9.69%) TDD
8 1,235 (9.37%) DevOps
9 1,119 (8.49%) MVC
10 1,090 (8.27%) Migration
11 1,065 (8.08%) Problem-Solving
12 1,026 (7.78%) Continuous Integration
13 990 (7.51%) Data Modelling
14 906 (6.87%) Microservices
15 797 (6.05%) SDLC
16 765 (5.80%) BDD
17 746 (5.66%) Data Analysis
18 693 (5.26%) Software Engineering
19 623 (4.73%) OO
20 560 (4.25%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 2,962 (22.47%) C#
2 2,615 (19.84%) Java
3 2,259 (17.14%) JavaScript
4 1,841 (13.96%) Python
5 1,536 (11.65%) T-SQL
6 1,058 (8.03%) PL/SQL
7 849 (6.44%) PowerShell
8 470 (3.57%) Shell Script
9 393 (2.98%) VBA
10 385 (2.92%) Scala
11 363 (2.75%) R
12 357 (2.71%) Perl
13 324 (2.46%) Bash Shell
14 322 (2.44%) Java 8
15 321 (2.43%) PHP
16 312 (2.37%) C++
17 270 (2.05%) Ruby
18 223 (1.69%) C
19 221 (1.68%) VB.NET
20 220 (1.67%) VB
Qualifications
1 891 (6.76%) Security Cleared
2 762 (5.78%) Degree
3 655 (4.97%) SC Cleared
4 275 (2.09%) ISTQB
5 223 (1.69%) ISEB
6 161 (1.22%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 158 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
8 131 (0.99%) DV Cleared
9 126 (0.96%) Microsoft Certification
10 71 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
11 64 (0.49%) MCSE
11 64 (0.49%) PhD
12 61 (0.46%) Master's Degree
13 49 (0.37%) Numerate Degree
14 39 (0.30%) Cisco Certification
15 33 (0.25%) ITIL Certification
15 33 (0.25%) MCSA
16 28 (0.21%) CCNA
17 27 (0.20%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
18 25 (0.19%) DBS Check
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 631 (4.79%) QA
2 468 (3.55%) Data Quality
3 125 (0.95%) GDPR
4 103 (0.78%) SLA
5 37 (0.28%) PMO
6 33 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 30 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
8 19 (0.14%) Basel III
9 17 (0.13%) IFRS
10 15 (0.11%) FINRA
11 14 (0.11%) IFRS 9
12 13 (0.099%) PCI DSS
13 12 (0.091%) MiFID
14 10 (0.076%) WCAG
15 9 (0.068%) HL7
16 8 (0.061%) COBIT
17 7 (0.053%) ISO 9001
17 7 (0.053%) PSD2
17 7 (0.053%) Solvency II
17 7 (0.053%) TickIT
System Software
1 794 (6.02%) Docker
2 622 (4.72%) Active Directory
3 254 (1.93%) VMware Infrastructure
4 142 (1.08%) Hyper-V
5 104 (0.79%) Virtual Machines
6 94 (0.71%) HDFS
7 88 (0.67%) Oracle RAC
8 70 (0.53%) XenApp
9 68 (0.52%) vSphere
10 52 (0.39%) VMware ESXi
11 51 (0.39%) Apache Flume
12 33 (0.25%) Microsoft App-V
13 29 (0.22%) etcd
14 28 (0.21%) Ceph
14 28 (0.21%) flannel
14 28 (0.21%) SkyDNS
15 27 (0.20%) GlusterFS
16 24 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
17 19 (0.14%) XenDesktop
18 18 (0.14%) NFS
Systems Management
1 382 (2.90%) Ansible
2 376 (2.85%) Kubernetes
3 317 (2.40%) Puppet
4 251 (1.90%) Opscode Chef
5 185 (1.40%) Terraform
6 171 (1.30%) SCCM
7 105 (0.80%) Kibana
8 90 (0.68%) HP ALM
9 79 (0.60%) Oozie
10 78 (0.59%) SCOM
11 77 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
12 73 (0.55%) Grafana
13 60 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
14 55 (0.42%) Microsoft Clustering
15 52 (0.39%) Prometheus
16 51 (0.39%) logstash
17 46 (0.35%) Control-M
18 43 (0.33%) Nagios
19 42 (0.32%) HAProxy
19 42 (0.32%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 2,683 (20.35%) Oracle
2 2,493 (18.91%) Microsoft
3 608 (4.61%) Tableau
4 476 (3.61%) Google
5 433 (3.28%) VMware
6 396 (3.00%) SAP
7 311 (2.36%) IBM
8 222 (1.68%) HP
9 206 (1.56%) Citrix
10 202 (1.53%) Informatica
11 179 (1.36%) Cisco
12 157 (1.19%) Sybase
13 145 (1.10%) Red Hat
14 143 (1.08%) Cloudera
15 142 (1.08%) Teradata
16 137 (1.04%) webMethods
17 131 (0.99%) ServiceNow
18 123 (0.93%) Talend
19 121 (0.92%) Splunk
20 118 (0.90%) Salesforce.com