Period
to 18 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 18 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
18 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13105 14245 16635
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.19% 13.37% 14.69%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.48% 33.32% 38.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 8992 9818 11311
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £620 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £360 £350
% change year-on-year +4.17% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 240 300 334
UK median hourly rate £27.08 £29.44 £26.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -8.02% +10.06% +2.88%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.70 £12.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £29.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +1.69% -1.67% +20.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41633 42750 43158
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.90% 40.13% 38.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 28899 29383 29187
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £306 £280 £264
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 784 915 976
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +12.31%
10th Percentile £16.08 £14.13 £15.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +1.35% +13.85%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 18 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 18 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11885 £430 +7.50% 3004
London -1 6566 £480 +6.67% 1278
UK excluding London -2 6373 £375 +4.17% 1851
South East 0 1823 £400 +5.96% 463
North of England +2 1373 £375 +7.14% 568
Midlands -2 824 £370 +2.07% 289
Scotland 0 705 £388 +10.71% 88
North West 0 691 £388 +10.71% 318
South West -1 668 £375 +7.14% 216
East of England 0 598 £365 +4.29% 180
Yorkshire +2 557 £375 +3.45% 212
West Midlands -2 486 £375 +3.45% 144
East Midlands -5 325 £350 - 144
Wales +3 221 £360 -2.70% 32
Northern Ireland -5 175 £413 +12.17% 13
North East +2 143 £388 +17.42% 38
Channel Islands -2 2 £300 -28.36%

For the 6 months to 18 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3977 (30.35%) Agile Software Development
2 3590 (27.39%) SQL Server
3 3175 (24.23%) Finance
4 3148 (24.02%) Java
5 2755 (21.02%) Oracle
6 2623 (20.02%) C#
7 2559 (19.53%) .NET
8 2295 (17.51%) Microsoft
9 2251 (17.18%) JavaScript
10 1788 (13.64%) Business Intelligence
11 1774 (13.54%) Linux
12 1677 (12.80%) Banking
13 1674 (12.77%) HTML
14 1645 (12.55%) Windows
15 1555 (11.87%) Unix
16 1422 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
17 1416 (10.81%) Python
18 1414 (10.79%) T-SQL
19 1402 (10.70%) ETL
20 1361 (10.39%) Data Warehouse
21 1327 (10.13%) Web Services
22 1322 (10.09%) MVC
23 1275 (9.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 1272 (9.71%) TDD
25 1263 (9.64%) XML
26 1245 (9.50%) CSS
27 1191 (9.09%) Relational Database
28 1173 (8.95%) Git (software)
29 1161 (8.86%) Data Modelling
30 1155 (8.81%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 429 (3.27%) SharePoint
2 419 (3.20%) Apache Spark
3 343 (2.62%) IIS
4 341 (2.60%) SAS
5 305 (2.33%) JBoss
6 300 (2.29%) Apache
7 295 (2.25%) Confluence
8 294 (2.24%) Tomcat
9 233 (1.78%) WebSphere
10 219 (1.67%) WebLogic
11 180 (1.37%) Elasticsearch
12 170 (1.30%) CMS
13 162 (1.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 138 (1.05%) MS Exchange
15 90 (0.69%) Apache Solr
16 84 (0.64%) Oracle Workflow
17 75 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
18 55 (0.42%) Skype for Business
19 54 (0.41%) WildFly
20 53 (0.40%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 857 (6.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 318 (2.43%) Microsoft Office
3 143 (1.09%) MS Visio
4 123 (0.94%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 49 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 46 (0.35%) SPSS
7 43 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
8 19 (0.14%) Stata
9 12 (0.092%) Simulink
10 7 (0.053%) SmartSuite
11 6 (0.046%) Photoshop
12 5 (0.038%) InfoPath
13 4 (0.031%) Mingle
14 2 (0.015%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.015%) EViews
14 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
15 1 (0.008%) Acrobat
15 1 (0.008%) InDesign
15 1 (0.008%) RoboHelp
15 1 (0.008%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 253 (1.93%) Dynamics CRM
2 146 (1.11%) Markit EDM
3 92 (0.70%) Oracle EBS
4 88 (0.67%) Dynamics AX
5 66 (0.50%) Oracle EBS R12
6 57 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
7 53 (0.40%) ION MarketView
8 47 (0.36%) Oracle Receivables
9 35 (0.27%) Oracle Payables
10 34 (0.26%) Oracle Applications
11 31 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
12 29 (0.22%) Magento
13 28 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 28 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
14 27 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
14 27 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
14 27 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 22 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
15 22 (0.17%) Oracle iProcurement
16 21 (0.16%) Cognos TM1
Cloud Services
1 845 (6.45%) Microsoft Azure
2 783 (5.97%) Amazon AWS
3 170 (1.30%) PaaS
4 163 (1.24%) Office 365
5 146 (1.11%) GitHub
6 109 (0.83%) SaaS
7 105 (0.80%) Serverless
8 100 (0.76%) IaaS
9 80 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
10 71 (0.54%) Google Cloud Platform
11 69 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
12 66 (0.50%) Amazon S3
12 66 (0.50%) npm
13 64 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
14 54 (0.41%) AWS Lambda
15 46 (0.35%) Google Analytics
16 43 (0.33%) Azure Active Directory
17 38 (0.29%) Slack
18 36 (0.27%) Amazon EMR
18 36 (0.27%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 294 (2.24%) Firewall
2 211 (1.61%) TCP/IP
3 199 (1.52%) DNS
4 192 (1.47%) HTTP
5 185 (1.41%) Internet
6 174 (1.33%) LDAP
7 162 (1.24%) SAN
8 129 (0.98%) LAN
9 127 (0.97%) SSL
10 113 (0.86%) WAN
11 95 (0.72%) DHCP
12 74 (0.56%) SSH
13 68 (0.52%) SMS
14 66 (0.50%) Network Security
15 64 (0.49%) VPN
16 49 (0.37%) FTP
16 49 (0.37%) Kerberos
17 46 (0.35%) NAS
18 45 (0.34%) VLAN
18 45 (0.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3590 (27.39%) SQL Server
2 1361 (10.39%) Data Warehouse
3 1275 (9.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1191 (9.09%) Relational Database
5 1008 (7.69%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 966 (7.37%) NoSQL
7 696 (5.31%) Oracle Database
8 682 (5.20%) Big Data
9 624 (4.76%) MongoDB
10 623 (4.75%) Hadoop
11 593 (4.52%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 590 (4.50%) MySQL
13 549 (4.19%) RDBMS
14 460 (3.51%) SQL Server 2008
15 442 (3.37%) SQL Server 2012
16 422 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
17 381 (2.91%) Power BI
18 319 (2.43%) DB2
19 297 (2.27%) BusinessObjects
20 271 (2.07%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1173 (8.95%) Git (software)
2 893 (6.81%) JIRA
3 774 (5.91%) Jenkins
4 593 (4.52%) Team Foundation Server
5 488 (3.72%) Visual Studio
6 473 (3.61%) Maven
7 420 (3.20%) JUnit
8 401 (3.06%) Selenium
9 386 (2.95%) Subversion
10 297 (2.27%) Cucumber
11 265 (2.02%) TeamCity
12 220 (1.68%) Eclipse
13 198 (1.51%) NUnit
14 158 (1.21%) Mockito
15 150 (1.14%) SoapUI
16 138 (1.05%) Ant
17 125 (0.95%) IntelliJ
18 113 (0.86%) JMeter
19 110 (0.84%) Gradle
19 110 (0.84%) SpecFlow
General
1 3175 (24.23%) Finance
2 1677 (12.80%) Banking
3 661 (5.04%) Investment Banking
4 621 (4.74%) Front Office
5 568 (4.33%) Retail
6 389 (2.97%) Marketing
7 248 (1.89%) Telecoms
8 189 (1.44%) Manufacturing
9 168 (1.28%) Financial Institution
10 167 (1.27%) Legal
11 146 (1.11%) Back Office
12 133 (1.01%) Games
13 111 (0.85%) Publishing
14 106 (0.81%) Advertising
15 102 (0.78%) Electronics
16 92 (0.70%) Retail Banking
17 81 (0.62%) Law
18 77 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
19 55 (0.42%) Billing
20 49 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6363 (48.55%) Developer
2 2561 (19.54%) Analyst
3 1408 (10.74%) SQL Developer
4 1337 (10.20%) Java Developer
5 1101 (8.40%) .NET Developer
6 1017 (7.76%) C# Developer
7 682 (5.20%) Senior Developer
8 664 (5.07%) Data Analyst
9 596 (4.55%) Consultant
10 540 (4.12%) C# .NET Developer
11 531 (4.05%) Business Analyst
12 482 (3.68%) DBA
13 473 (3.61%) Architect
14 443 (3.38%) SQL Analyst
15 420 (3.20%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 386 (2.95%) Test Analyst
17 316 (2.41%) SQL DBA
18 311 (2.37%) Support Analyst
19 304 (2.32%) Applications Support
20 298 (2.27%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2559 (19.53%) .NET
2 1674 (12.77%) HTML
3 1327 (10.13%) Web Services
4 1263 (9.64%) XML
5 1245 (9.50%) CSS
6 1045 (7.97%) ASP.NET
7 1032 (7.87%) Spring
8 1013 (7.73%) AngularJS
9 763 (5.82%) REST
10 723 (5.52%) jQuery
11 616 (4.70%) JSON
12 599 (4.57%) .NET Framework
13 577 (4.40%) RESTful
14 551 (4.20%) HTML5
15 544 (4.15%) SOAP
16 536 (4.09%) Hibernate
17 520 (3.97%) ASP.NET MVC
18 483 (3.69%) WCF
19 478 (3.65%) Node.js
20 464 (3.54%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1422 (10.85%) Analytical Skills
2 471 (3.59%) Computer Science
3 408 (3.11%) Greenfield Project
4 360 (2.75%) Fixed Income
5 343 (2.62%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 338 (2.58%) Data Structures
7 326 (2.49%) Equities
8 325 (2.48%) Management Information System
9 304 (2.32%) Derivative
10 277 (2.11%) Algorithms
11 228 (1.74%) User Experience
12 218 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
13 183 (1.40%) Mobile App
14 159 (1.21%) Replication
15 155 (1.18%) Virtual Team
16 147 (1.12%) Clustering
16 147 (1.12%) Credit Risk
17 140 (1.07%) NHS
18 135 (1.03%) Market Risk
19 129 (0.98%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1774 (13.54%) Linux
2 1645 (12.55%) Windows
3 1555 (11.87%) Unix
4 487 (3.72%) Windows Server
5 249 (1.90%) Windows Server 2012
6 226 (1.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 208 (1.59%) Windows Server 2008
8 134 (1.02%) Solaris
9 108 (0.82%) Android
10 102 (0.78%) Apple iOS
11 99 (0.76%) Windows 7
12 86 (0.66%) Windows 10
13 81 (0.62%) AIX
14 76 (0.58%) Windows Server 2003
15 60 (0.46%) CentOS
16 47 (0.36%) Mac OS X
17 45 (0.34%) Ubuntu
18 38 (0.29%) Windows XP
19 37 (0.28%) Windows 8
20 35 (0.27%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3977 (30.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1788 (13.64%) Business Intelligence
3 1402 (10.70%) ETL
4 1322 (10.09%) MVC
5 1272 (9.71%) TDD
6 1161 (8.86%) Data Modelling
7 1155 (8.81%) Scrum
8 1064 (8.12%) Migration
9 1024 (7.81%) Test Automation
10 975 (7.44%) Analytics
11 899 (6.86%) Continuous Integration
12 833 (6.36%) SDLC
13 832 (6.35%) Data Analysis
14 755 (5.76%) OO
15 713 (5.44%) DevOps
16 625 (4.77%) Software Engineering
17 606 (4.62%) Unit Testing
18 567 (4.33%) BDD
19 549 (4.19%) Data Migration
20 526 (4.01%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3148 (24.02%) Java
2 2623 (20.02%) C#
3 2251 (17.18%) JavaScript
4 1416 (10.81%) Python
5 1414 (10.79%) T-SQL
6 1091 (8.33%) PL/SQL
7 547 (4.17%) PowerShell
8 514 (3.92%) Shell Script
9 494 (3.77%) C++
10 450 (3.43%) Perl
11 406 (3.10%) VBA
12 362 (2.76%) Scala
13 354 (2.70%) R
14 281 (2.14%) PHP
14 281 (2.14%) VB.NET
15 244 (1.86%) C
16 236 (1.80%) VB
17 213 (1.63%) Bash Shell
18 164 (1.25%) Ruby
19 117 (0.89%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 852 (6.50%) Degree
2 762 (5.81%) Security Cleared
3 504 (3.85%) SC Cleared
4 194 (1.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 172 (1.31%) Microsoft Certification
6 168 (1.28%) ISEB
7 146 (1.11%) ISTQB
8 114 (0.87%) DV Cleared
9 88 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
9 88 (0.67%) MCSE
10 63 (0.48%) Master's Degree
11 61 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 56 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
13 47 (0.36%) MCITP
14 36 (0.27%) MCSA
14 36 (0.27%) PhD
15 34 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
15 34 (0.26%) CISSP
16 29 (0.22%) CCNA
17 28 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 567 (4.33%) QA
2 441 (3.37%) Data Quality
3 160 (1.22%) MiFID
4 132 (1.01%) SLA
5 69 (0.53%) GDPR
6 59 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
7 55 (0.42%) EMIR
8 31 (0.24%) HL7
9 27 (0.21%) PMO
10 26 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 25 (0.19%) PCI DSS
11 25 (0.19%) Solvency II
12 24 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
13 21 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 16 (0.12%) IFRS
15 13 (0.099%) IFRS 9
16 12 (0.092%) ISO 9001
17 10 (0.076%) Basel II
18 9 (0.069%) GAAP
18 9 (0.069%) GxP
System Software
1 634 (4.84%) Active Directory
2 318 (2.43%) Docker
3 277 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 117 (0.89%) Hyper-V
5 100 (0.76%) VMware ESXi
6 98 (0.75%) HDFS
7 73 (0.56%) vSphere
8 72 (0.55%) Apache Flume
9 58 (0.44%) Virtual Machines
10 42 (0.32%) XenApp
11 37 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
12 36 (0.27%) NFS
13 35 (0.27%) Oracle RAC
14 22 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 22 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
14 22 (0.17%) Time Sharing Option
14 22 (0.17%) Xen
15 20 (0.15%) XenDesktop
16 17 (0.13%) RACF
16 17 (0.13%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 243 (1.85%) Puppet
2 220 (1.68%) Ansible
3 175 (1.34%) Opscode Chef
4 136 (1.04%) SCCM
5 111 (0.85%) HP Quality Center
6 110 (0.84%) SCOM
7 78 (0.60%) Kubernetes
8 66 (0.50%) Control-M
9 65 (0.50%) Grafana
9 65 (0.50%) Kibana
10 64 (0.49%) logstash
11 61 (0.47%) Hadoop YARN
12 54 (0.41%) Terraform
13 53 (0.40%) Nagios
14 51 (0.39%) Oozie
14 51 (0.39%) WSUS
15 40 (0.31%) NetBackup
16 39 (0.30%) TIBCO Hawk
17 36 (0.27%) Ambari
17 36 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 2755 (21.02%) Oracle
2 2295 (17.51%) Microsoft
3 500 (3.82%) Tableau
4 454 (3.46%) VMware
5 404 (3.08%) SAP
6 340 (2.59%) HP
7 339 (2.59%) Sybase
8 329 (2.51%) IBM
9 230 (1.76%) Red Hat
10 201 (1.53%) Citrix
11 200 (1.53%) Google
12 192 (1.47%) Informatica
13 189 (1.44%) TIBCO
14 173 (1.32%) Cisco
15 156 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
16 139 (1.06%) Cognos
17 133 (1.01%) Teradata
18 128 (0.98%) Splunk
19 106 (0.81%) AppDynamics
20 103 (0.79%) Cloudera