Period
to 29 May 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 29 May 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
29 May 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 6 4 6
Rank change year-on-year -2 +2 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 5,988 11,859 13,020
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 12.88% 13.05% 12.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.46% 30.48% 29.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,181 8,412 9,080
Median daily rate £455 £450 £427
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.00% +5.39% +6.09%
10th Percentile £313 £310 £285
90th Percentile £650 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £413 £390
% change year-on-year +3.03% +5.77% +5.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 141 229
Median hourly rate £30.14 £28.50 £26.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.75% +7.16% -33.51%
10th Percentile £14.78 £15.00 £12.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £60.00 £50.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.06 £31.50 £25.00
% change year-on-year -14.09% +26.00% -37.50%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 19,034 38,911 43,512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 40.95% 42.82% 43.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,805 26,952 30,395
Median daily rate £488 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +7.56%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £668 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £405
% change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +4.52%
Number of hourly rates quoted 420 685 787
Median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +6.25% -3.61%
10th Percentile £18.23 £18.00 £17.07
90th Percentile £56.03 £55.00 £52.50
Median hourly rate £35.00 £43.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -19.08% +8.13% -2.44%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 29 May 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 29 May 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -2 5,382 £475 +5.56% 1,088
UK excluding London -1 3,090 £425 +3.03% 816
London -1 2,733 £500 - 348
South East +1 955 £463 +8.82% 178
North of England -7 616 £400 +1.27% 225
Midlands +1 471 £425 +6.25% 148
South West -4 331 £425 - 93
North West -8 326 £400 - 137
West Midlands +2 313 £441 +10.18% 99
Scotland -2 308 £400 - 39
Work from Home +5 260 £450 +2.86% 155
East of England -1 238 £431 +1.47% 97
Yorkshire -3 226 £400 +1.59% 69
East Midlands -2 155 £400 +3.56% 49
Wales +2 138 £450 +7.14% 29
North East -10 64 £425 +13.33% 19
Northern Ireland +1 39 £400 +6.67% 9

For the 6 months to 29 May 2020, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 1,863 (31.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,551 (25.90%) SQL Server
3 1,478 (24.68%) Azure
4 1,275 (21.29%) Oracle
5 1,254 (20.94%) Finance
6 1,233 (20.59%) Microsoft
7 1,217 (20.32%) Java
8 1,199 (20.02%) C#
9 1,156 (19.31%) .NET
10 1,146 (19.14%) Business Intelligence
11 1,071 (17.89%) Python
12 925 (15.45%) DevOps
13 922 (15.40%) JavaScript
14 787 (13.14%) AWS
15 786 (13.13%) ETL
16 781 (13.04%) Analytics
17 771 (12.88%) Windows
18 734 (12.26%) Migration
19 727 (12.14%) Data Warehouse
20 707 (11.81%) Security Cleared
21 698 (11.66%) Power Platform
22 684 (11.42%) Power BI
23 669 (11.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
24 648 (10.82%) Data Modelling
25 647 (10.80%) T-SQL
26 611 (10.20%) Git (software)
27 610 (10.19%) Analytical Skills
28 589 (9.84%) Linux
29 584 (9.75%) PL/SQL
30 580 (9.69%) SC Cleared

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 299 (4.99%) Apache Spark
2 213 (3.56%) SharePoint
3 208 (3.47%) WebLogic
4 206 (3.44%) Confluence
5 143 (2.39%) Apache
6 139 (2.32%) IIS
7 112 (1.87%) SAS
8 108 (1.80%) Tomcat
9 78 (1.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 66 (1.10%) WebSphere
11 51 (0.85%) Elasticsearch
12 43 (0.72%) CMS
13 42 (0.70%) MS Exchange
14 37 (0.62%) JBoss
15 32 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
16 27 (0.45%) BizTalk Server
16 27 (0.45%) Jupyter
17 24 (0.40%) Apache Airflow
17 24 (0.40%) Red Hat Fuse
18 20 (0.33%) MQSeries
Applications
1 427 (7.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 141 (2.35%) Microsoft Office
3 40 (0.67%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 24 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
4 24 (0.40%) MS Visio
5 19 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.13%) Photoshop
7 7 (0.12%) Acrobat
7 7 (0.12%) RoboHelp
8 5 (0.084%) SPSS
9 4 (0.067%) Chatbot
9 4 (0.067%) Stata
10 3 (0.050%) Adobe XD
10 3 (0.050%) InfoPath
11 2 (0.033%) Camtasia
11 2 (0.033%) MadCap Flare
12 1 (0.017%) EngageOne
12 1 (0.017%) Figma
12 1 (0.017%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 99 (1.65%) Dynamics CRM
2 66 (1.10%) Oracle Payables
3 64 (1.07%) Oracle EBS
4 48 (0.80%) Oracle Receivables
5 41 (0.68%) Maximo
6 39 (0.65%) Oracle Cash Management
7 29 (0.48%) Oracle ERP
8 23 (0.38%) Markit EDM
8 23 (0.38%) Oracle Applications
9 20 (0.33%) Oracle EBS R12
10 18 (0.30%) PolarLake
11 16 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 14 (0.23%) assyst
13 13 (0.22%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
14 12 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
15 11 (0.18%) Eagle PACE
15 11 (0.18%) Unit4 Business World
16 10 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
16 10 (0.17%) Oracle Financials
16 10 (0.17%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 1,478 (24.68%) Azure
2 787 (13.14%) AWS
3 698 (11.66%) Power Platform
4 262 (4.38%) GCP
5 206 (3.44%) PaaS
6 159 (2.66%) Azure Data Factory
7 153 (2.56%) Office 365
8 141 (2.35%) SaaS
9 137 (2.29%) Serverless
10 124 (2.07%) IaaS
11 104 (1.74%) Dynamics 365
12 99 (1.65%) GitHub
13 71 (1.19%) AWS Lambda
14 55 (0.92%) Azure Functions
15 54 (0.90%) Amazon S3
16 51 (0.85%) Azure Active Directory
17 45 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
18 41 (0.68%) Cloud Computing
19 39 (0.65%) Logic Apps
20 37 (0.62%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 116 (1.94%) DNS
2 99 (1.65%) Firewall
3 85 (1.42%) SSL
4 84 (1.40%) HTTP
5 70 (1.17%) SAN
6 62 (1.04%) DHCP
7 53 (0.89%) WAN
8 52 (0.87%) TCP/IP
9 47 (0.78%) HTTPS
10 43 (0.72%) LAN
11 35 (0.58%) Internet
12 29 (0.48%) Network Security
13 27 (0.45%) Skype
13 27 (0.45%) VPN
14 20 (0.33%) FTP
14 20 (0.33%) Kerberos
15 18 (0.30%) MPLS
16 16 (0.27%) NetScaler
17 15 (0.25%) VoIP
18 13 (0.22%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1,551 (25.90%) SQL Server
2 727 (12.14%) Data Warehouse
3 684 (11.42%) Power BI
4 669 (11.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 435 (7.26%) Relational Database
6 428 (7.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 423 (7.06%) NoSQL
8 415 (6.93%) Big Data
9 297 (4.96%) Azure SQL Database
10 283 (4.73%) Oracle Database
11 262 (4.38%) Data Lake
12 258 (4.31%) Hadoop
13 256 (4.28%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 255 (4.26%) MySQL
15 253 (4.23%) PostgreSQL
16 204 (3.41%) MongoDB
17 147 (2.45%) RDBMS
18 128 (2.14%) SQL Server 2016
19 119 (1.99%) Amazon Redshift
20 118 (1.97%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 611 (10.20%) Git (software)
2 450 (7.52%) JIRA
3 408 (6.81%) Jenkins
4 229 (3.82%) Selenium
4 229 (3.82%) Visual Studio
5 185 (3.09%) Team Foundation Server
6 176 (2.94%) Maven
7 154 (2.57%) Cucumber
8 135 (2.25%) JUnit
9 121 (2.02%) Subversion
10 111 (1.85%) TeamCity
11 107 (1.79%) Bitbucket
12 88 (1.47%) GitLab
13 87 (1.45%) Postman
14 85 (1.42%) SoapUI
15 81 (1.35%) Eclipse
16 76 (1.27%) Artifactory
17 71 (1.19%) SpecFlow
17 71 (1.19%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
18 60 (1.00%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 1,254 (20.94%) Finance
2 428 (7.15%) Public Sector
3 427 (7.13%) Banking
4 262 (4.38%) Front Office
5 153 (2.56%) Investment Banking
6 149 (2.49%) Retail
7 112 (1.87%) Marketing
8 86 (1.44%) Legal
9 84 (1.40%) Telecoms
10 80 (1.34%) Back Office
11 73 (1.22%) Law
12 61 (1.02%) General Ledger
12 61 (1.02%) Manufacturing
13 42 (0.70%) Local Government
14 40 (0.67%) Pharmaceutical
15 30 (0.50%) Financial Institution
16 28 (0.47%) Publishing
17 23 (0.38%) Advertising
18 20 (0.33%) Electronics
19 18 (0.30%) Police
Job Titles
1 2,500 (41.75%) Developer
2 861 (14.38%) Analyst
3 477 (7.97%) SQL Developer
4 420 (7.01%) .NET Developer
5 408 (6.81%) Data Engineer
6 385 (6.43%) Java Developer
7 340 (5.68%) C# Developer
8 328 (5.48%) Architect
9 280 (4.68%) Data Analyst
10 274 (4.58%) Consultant
11 242 (4.04%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 228 (3.81%) DBA
13 185 (3.09%) Senior Developer
14 164 (2.74%) C# .NET Developer
15 163 (2.72%) Software Engineer
16 147 (2.45%) SQL Analyst
17 145 (2.42%) Business Analyst
18 143 (2.39%) Azure Engineer
19 137 (2.29%) SQL DBA
20 133 (2.22%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,156 (19.31%) .NET
2 545 (9.10%) HTML
3 506 (8.45%) XML
4 472 (7.88%) Web Services
5 464 (7.75%) CSS
6 394 (6.58%) AngularJS
7 347 (5.79%) ASP.NET
8 341 (5.69%) REST
9 304 (5.08%) Spring
10 272 (4.54%) JSON
11 269 (4.49%) React
12 239 (3.99%) SOAP
13 237 (3.96%) .NET Framework
14 227 (3.79%) .NET Core
14 227 (3.79%) Node.js
15 220 (3.67%) RESTful
16 198 (3.31%) jQuery
17 164 (2.74%) Kafka
18 144 (2.40%) Spring Boot
19 139 (2.32%) Entity Framework
Miscellaneous
1 610 (10.19%) Analytical Skills
2 182 (3.04%) Fixed Income
3 177 (2.96%) Greenfield Project
4 144 (2.40%) Data Structures
5 131 (2.19%) Derivative
6 128 (2.14%) User Experience
7 119 (1.99%) Management Information System
8 118 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 112 (1.87%) Hedge funds
10 102 (1.70%) Algorithms
11 98 (1.64%) Data Centre
12 96 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
13 81 (1.35%) NHS
14 72 (1.20%) Replication
15 69 (1.15%) Public Cloud
16 68 (1.14%) Enterprise Software
17 60 (1.00%) Credit Risk
18 58 (0.97%) Clustering
18 58 (0.97%) Virtual Team
19 55 (0.92%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 771 (12.88%) Windows
2 589 (9.84%) Linux
3 429 (7.16%) Unix
4 294 (4.91%) Windows Server
5 104 (1.74%) Windows Server 2012
6 99 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
7 84 (1.40%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 74 (1.24%) Windows Server 2016
9 69 (1.15%) Windows 10
10 44 (0.73%) Windows 7
11 39 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
12 34 (0.57%) Solaris
13 33 (0.55%) AIX
14 29 (0.48%) VMS
14 29 (0.48%) Windows XP
15 28 (0.47%) Ubuntu
16 22 (0.37%) Android
16 22 (0.37%) Windows Server 2019
17 20 (0.33%) CentOS
18 19 (0.32%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,863 (31.11%) Agile Software Development
2 1,146 (19.14%) Business Intelligence
3 925 (15.45%) DevOps
4 786 (13.13%) ETL
5 781 (13.04%) Analytics
6 734 (12.26%) Migration
7 648 (10.82%) Data Modelling
8 568 (9.49%) Test Automation
9 537 (8.97%) Scrum
10 517 (8.63%) Problem-Solving
11 446 (7.45%) Microservices
12 419 (7.00%) TDD
13 406 (6.78%) Continuous Integration
14 387 (6.46%) Data Analysis
15 380 (6.35%) Visualisation
16 348 (5.81%) Software Engineering
17 312 (5.21%) SDLC
18 304 (5.08%) MVC
19 302 (5.04%) Data Migration
20 252 (4.21%) OO
Programming Languages
1 1,217 (20.32%) Java
2 1,199 (20.02%) C#
3 1,071 (17.89%) Python
4 922 (15.40%) JavaScript
5 647 (10.80%) T-SQL
6 584 (9.75%) PL/SQL
7 430 (7.18%) PowerShell
8 276 (4.61%) Shell Script
9 259 (4.33%) R
10 221 (3.69%) Scala
11 204 (3.41%) VBA
12 145 (2.42%) TypeScript
12 145 (2.42%) VB
13 135 (2.25%) Bash Shell
14 129 (2.15%) Perl
15 126 (2.10%) C++
16 117 (1.95%) Java 8
17 107 (1.79%) VB.NET
18 98 (1.64%) C
19 91 (1.52%) PHP
Qualifications
1 707 (11.81%) Security Cleared
2 580 (9.69%) SC Cleared
3 337 (5.63%) Degree
4 102 (1.70%) Computer Science Degree
4 102 (1.70%) DV Cleared
5 62 (1.04%) ISTQB
6 57 (0.95%) ISEB
7 52 (0.87%) Microsoft Certification
8 34 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
9 31 (0.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 27 (0.45%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.37%) ITIL Certification
12 19 (0.32%) Cisco Certification
12 19 (0.32%) DBS Check
13 17 (0.28%) CCNA
13 17 (0.28%) MCSE
13 17 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
14 16 (0.27%) ISEB Practitioner
14 16 (0.27%) MCSA
15 15 (0.25%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (3.77%) QA
2 160 (2.67%) Data Quality
3 96 (1.60%) GDPR
4 60 (1.00%) SLA
5 31 (0.52%) IFRS
6 28 (0.47%) Solvency II
7 14 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
7 14 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 14 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 14 (0.23%) PMO
8 13 (0.22%) MiFID
8 13 (0.22%) WCAG
9 12 (0.20%) HIPAA
10 9 (0.15%) Disclosure Scotland
11 7 (0.12%) Basel III
12 6 (0.10%) GxP
12 6 (0.10%) HL7
12 6 (0.10%) PCI DSS
13 4 (0.067%) EMIR
14 3 (0.050%) DICOM
System Software
1 401 (6.70%) Docker
2 341 (5.69%) Active Directory
3 130 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 95 (1.59%) Virtual Machines
5 72 (1.20%) HDFS
5 72 (1.20%) Hyper-V
6 48 (0.80%) XenApp
7 44 (0.73%) Oracle RAC
8 40 (0.67%) VMware ESXi
9 37 (0.62%) vSphere
10 22 (0.37%) Virtual Servers
11 16 (0.27%) Microsoft App-V
12 15 (0.25%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 15 (0.25%) XenDesktop
13 10 (0.17%) RACF
14 9 (0.15%) Postfix
15 8 (0.13%) Oracle Clusterware
15 8 (0.13%) Terminal Services
15 8 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
16 6 (0.10%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 351 (5.86%) Kubernetes
2 129 (2.15%) Terraform
3 109 (1.82%) Ansible
4 88 (1.47%) SCCM
5 54 (0.90%) SCOM
6 50 (0.84%) Puppet
7 46 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
8 40 (0.67%) Data Guard
9 31 (0.52%) Hadoop YARN
10 30 (0.50%) Kibana
11 28 (0.47%) Microsoft Clustering
12 26 (0.43%) Oracle RMAN
13 25 (0.42%) Prometheus
14 20 (0.33%) Zipkin
15 19 (0.32%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
16 17 (0.28%) Nagios
17 16 (0.27%) Control-M
17 16 (0.27%) Microsoft Intune
17 16 (0.27%) Single Sign-On
18 15 (0.25%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 1,275 (21.29%) Oracle
2 1,233 (20.59%) Microsoft
3 301 (5.03%) Tableau
4 215 (3.59%) VMware
5 187 (3.12%) SAP
6 170 (2.84%) Google
7 129 (2.15%) IBM
8 118 (1.97%) Databricks
9 114 (1.90%) Informatica
10 109 (1.82%) Red Hat
11 95 (1.59%) Sybase
12 92 (1.54%) Citrix
12 92 (1.54%) Cloudera
13 76 (1.27%) webMethods
14 71 (1.19%) HP
15 58 (0.97%) Cisco
16 56 (0.94%) BEA
16 56 (0.94%) Splunk
17 54 (0.90%) Bloomberg
17 54 (0.90%) Talend