Period
to 11 December 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 11 December 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
11 Dec 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13616 13643 16455
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.19% 13.29% 14.51%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.42% 32.87% 37.74%
Number of daily rates quoted 9406 9304 11228
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £380 £360 £350
% change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 248 282 344
UK median hourly rate £26.69 £28.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.70% +1.82% -
10th Percentile £13.08 £12.25 £12.50
90th Percentile £52.33 £50.00 £47.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £27.50 £28.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year -1.79% -6.67% +15.38%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43340 41508 43602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.98% 40.43% 38.46%
Number of daily rates quoted 30415 28483 29574
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £308 £285 £269
90th Percentile £638 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 784 864 1067
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £39.23 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.98% +4.60% +16.19%
10th Percentile £16.25 £14.44 £14.12
90th Percentile £52.43 £52.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £39.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.27% +5.33% +15.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 11 December 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 11 December 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 12422 £438 +9.38% 2323
London -1 6800 £488 +8.33% 883
UK excluding London -1 6626 £380 +5.56% 1556
South East 0 1956 £400 +6.67% 424
North of England 0 1397 £375 +7.14% 498
Midlands -1 932 £375 +3.45% 228
North West 0 688 £375 +7.14% 265
South West -2 674 £388 +6.53% 136
Scotland -2 673 £375 +10.29% 87
East of England 0 620 £375 +7.14% 151
Yorkshire +1 576 £388 +7.27% 201
West Midlands -1 539 £375 +2.04% 127
East Midlands -2 382 £359 +2.50% 99
Wales +5 242 £361 -3.67% 28
North East 0 158 £413 +17.86% 32
Northern Ireland -6 144 £415 +14.48% 4
Channel Islands +1 3 £300 -28.36%
Isle of Man +3 2 £438 +25.00% 2

For the 6 months to 11 December 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4139 (30.40%) Agile Software Development
2 3841 (28.21%) SQL Server
3 3336 (24.50%) Java
4 3170 (23.28%) Finance
5 2870 (21.08%) Oracle
6 2771 (20.35%) C#
7 2720 (19.98%) .NET
8 2390 (17.55%) Microsoft
9 2342 (17.20%) JavaScript
10 1860 (13.66%) Business Intelligence
11 1807 (13.27%) Linux
12 1708 (12.54%) Banking
13 1682 (12.35%) HTML
14 1652 (12.13%) Windows
15 1587 (11.66%) Unix
16 1528 (11.22%) Python
16 1528 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
17 1521 (11.17%) ETL
18 1480 (10.87%) T-SQL
19 1431 (10.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 1428 (10.49%) Data Warehouse
21 1358 (9.97%) XML
22 1353 (9.94%) Web Services
23 1343 (9.86%) TDD
24 1327 (9.75%) MVC
25 1248 (9.17%) CSS
26 1203 (8.84%) Git (software)
27 1202 (8.83%) Scrum
28 1169 (8.59%) Relational Database
29 1153 (8.47%) Data Modelling

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 467 (3.43%) SharePoint
2 441 (3.24%) Apache Spark
3 383 (2.81%) IIS
4 356 (2.61%) SAS
5 343 (2.52%) Confluence
6 301 (2.21%) Apache
7 274 (2.01%) Tomcat
8 267 (1.96%) JBoss
9 236 (1.73%) WebLogic
10 233 (1.71%) WebSphere
11 213 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
12 173 (1.27%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 166 (1.22%) CMS
14 139 (1.02%) MS Exchange
15 95 (0.70%) BizTalk Server
16 85 (0.62%) Apache Solr
17 76 (0.56%) Oracle Workflow
18 61 (0.45%) Skype for Business
19 59 (0.43%) Umbraco
20 56 (0.41%) Apache Pig
Applications
1 865 (6.35%) Microsoft Excel
2 333 (2.45%) Microsoft Office
3 169 (1.24%) MS Visio
4 123 (0.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 55 (0.40%) Microsoft Project
5 55 (0.40%) Spreadsheet
6 45 (0.33%) SPSS
7 13 (0.095%) Simulink
8 11 (0.081%) Stata
9 8 (0.059%) Photoshop
10 5 (0.037%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.037%) SmartSuite
11 4 (0.029%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.029%) Mingle
11 4 (0.029%) OmniGraffle
11 4 (0.029%) RoboHelp
11 4 (0.029%) Snagit
12 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
12 2 (0.015%) InfoPath
12 2 (0.015%) Weka
Business Applications
1 251 (1.84%) Dynamics CRM
2 148 (1.09%) Markit EDM
3 99 (0.73%) Oracle EBS
4 98 (0.72%) Dynamics AX
5 75 (0.55%) Oracle BPM
6 67 (0.49%) Oracle EBS R12
7 64 (0.47%) Oracle Receivables
8 48 (0.35%) ION MarketView
9 47 (0.35%) Oracle Payables
10 42 (0.31%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 32 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
11 32 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
12 30 (0.22%) Oracle Financials
12 30 (0.22%) Oracle iProcurement
13 29 (0.21%) Oracle General Ledger
14 28 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
15 26 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
16 25 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
17 24 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
17 24 (0.18%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 978 (7.18%) Microsoft Azure
2 888 (6.52%) Amazon AWS
3 214 (1.57%) PaaS
4 199 (1.46%) Office 365
5 135 (0.99%) IaaS
6 134 (0.98%) GitHub
7 115 (0.84%) SaaS
8 114 (0.84%) Google Cloud Platform
9 100 (0.73%) Serverless
10 90 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
11 85 (0.62%) Cloud Computing
12 78 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
13 75 (0.55%) Amazon S3
14 68 (0.50%) Slack
15 47 (0.35%) AWS Lambda
16 46 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
16 46 (0.34%) Google Analytics
17 36 (0.26%) Azure Data Factory
17 36 (0.26%) OpenShift
18 35 (0.26%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 278 (2.04%) Firewall
2 210 (1.54%) TCP/IP
3 197 (1.45%) HTTP
4 194 (1.42%) DNS
5 188 (1.38%) Internet
6 153 (1.12%) SAN
7 131 (0.96%) SSL
8 113 (0.83%) LDAP
9 112 (0.82%) LAN
10 101 (0.74%) WAN
11 95 (0.70%) DHCP
11 95 (0.70%) SMS
12 79 (0.58%) VPN
13 72 (0.53%) Network Security
14 71 (0.52%) FTP
15 59 (0.43%) SSH
16 54 (0.40%) Skype
17 50 (0.37%) VLAN
18 49 (0.36%) Kerberos
19 46 (0.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3841 (28.21%) SQL Server
2 1431 (10.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1428 (10.49%) Data Warehouse
4 1169 (8.59%) Relational Database
5 1133 (8.32%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1056 (7.76%) NoSQL
7 731 (5.37%) Big Data
8 713 (5.24%) Oracle Database
9 669 (4.91%) MongoDB
10 653 (4.80%) Hadoop
11 642 (4.72%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 582 (4.27%) MySQL
13 555 (4.08%) RDBMS
14 489 (3.59%) SQL Server 2008
15 457 (3.36%) PostgreSQL
16 443 (3.25%) Power BI
17 439 (3.22%) SQL Server 2012
18 321 (2.36%) SQL Server 2016
19 317 (2.33%) BusinessObjects
20 297 (2.18%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1203 (8.84%) Git (software)
2 893 (6.56%) JIRA
3 787 (5.78%) Jenkins
4 547 (4.02%) Team Foundation Server
5 495 (3.64%) Maven
6 492 (3.61%) Selenium
7 487 (3.58%) Visual Studio
8 469 (3.44%) JUnit
9 419 (3.08%) Subversion
10 344 (2.53%) Cucumber
11 285 (2.09%) TeamCity
12 238 (1.75%) Eclipse
13 197 (1.45%) NUnit
14 176 (1.29%) SoapUI
15 150 (1.10%) Ant
15 150 (1.10%) Gradle
16 147 (1.08%) IntelliJ
17 139 (1.02%) Mockito
18 128 (0.94%) JMeter
19 110 (0.81%) SpecFlow
General
1 3170 (23.28%) Finance
2 1708 (12.54%) Banking
3 643 (4.72%) Front Office
4 620 (4.55%) Investment Banking
5 455 (3.34%) Retail
6 385 (2.83%) Marketing
7 240 (1.76%) Telecoms
8 194 (1.42%) Manufacturing
9 176 (1.29%) Financial Institution
10 157 (1.15%) Legal
11 145 (1.06%) Back Office
12 133 (0.98%) Games
13 113 (0.83%) Retail Banking
14 111 (0.82%) Publishing
15 98 (0.72%) Advertising
16 89 (0.65%) Electronics
17 83 (0.61%) Law
18 62 (0.46%) Pharmaceutical
19 50 (0.37%) Billing
20 42 (0.31%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6529 (47.95%) Developer
2 2655 (19.50%) Analyst
3 1463 (10.74%) SQL Developer
4 1390 (10.21%) Java Developer
5 1142 (8.39%) .NET Developer
6 1092 (8.02%) C# Developer
7 710 (5.21%) Data Analyst
8 664 (4.88%) Senior Developer
9 617 (4.53%) Consultant
10 578 (4.25%) C# .NET Developer
11 554 (4.07%) Architect
12 519 (3.81%) Business Analyst
13 487 (3.58%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 486 (3.57%) DBA
15 457 (3.36%) SQL Analyst
16 421 (3.09%) Test Analyst
17 329 (2.42%) SQL DBA
18 323 (2.37%) Support Analyst
19 318 (2.34%) Full Stack Developer
20 301 (2.21%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2720 (19.98%) .NET
2 1682 (12.35%) HTML
3 1358 (9.97%) XML
4 1353 (9.94%) Web Services
5 1248 (9.17%) CSS
6 1065 (7.82%) Spring
7 1054 (7.74%) ASP.NET
8 1044 (7.67%) AngularJS
9 840 (6.17%) REST
10 734 (5.39%) jQuery
11 664 (4.88%) RESTful
12 655 (4.81%) JSON
13 589 (4.33%) .NET Framework
14 588 (4.32%) SOAP
15 567 (4.16%) HTML5
16 549 (4.03%) ASP.NET MVC
17 522 (3.83%) Hibernate
18 492 (3.61%) WCF
19 479 (3.52%) ASP.NET Web API
20 446 (3.28%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1528 (11.22%) Analytical Skills
2 492 (3.61%) Computer Science
3 456 (3.35%) Greenfield Project
4 370 (2.72%) Data Structures
5 361 (2.65%) Fixed Income
6 340 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 328 (2.41%) Equities
8 300 (2.20%) Derivative
9 293 (2.15%) Management Information System
10 257 (1.89%) Algorithms
11 254 (1.87%) Enterprise Software
12 242 (1.78%) User Experience
13 193 (1.42%) Mobile App
14 177 (1.30%) Replication
15 152 (1.12%) Virtual Team
16 147 (1.08%) Clustering
16 147 (1.08%) Credit Risk
17 146 (1.07%) Market Risk
18 127 (0.93%) Data Centre
19 126 (0.93%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 1807 (13.27%) Linux
2 1652 (12.13%) Windows
3 1587 (11.66%) Unix
4 515 (3.78%) Windows Server
5 270 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 235 (1.73%) Windows Server 2012
7 203 (1.49%) Windows Server 2008
8 130 (0.95%) Solaris
9 128 (0.94%) Android
10 113 (0.83%) Apple iOS
11 98 (0.72%) Windows 7
12 90 (0.66%) Windows 10
13 75 (0.55%) AIX
14 69 (0.51%) Windows Server 2003
15 53 (0.39%) CentOS
16 46 (0.34%) Ubuntu
17 42 (0.31%) Windows 8
18 40 (0.29%) Mac OS X
18 40 (0.29%) Windows XP
19 33 (0.24%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 4139 (30.40%) Agile Software Development
2 1860 (13.66%) Business Intelligence
3 1521 (11.17%) ETL
4 1343 (9.86%) TDD
5 1327 (9.75%) MVC
6 1202 (8.83%) Scrum
7 1153 (8.47%) Data Modelling
8 1142 (8.39%) Test Automation
9 1130 (8.30%) Migration
10 1010 (7.42%) Analytics
11 938 (6.89%) Continuous Integration
12 862 (6.33%) SDLC
13 815 (5.99%) Data Analysis
14 810 (5.95%) DevOps
15 714 (5.24%) OO
16 670 (4.92%) BDD
17 660 (4.85%) Software Engineering
18 627 (4.60%) Data Migration
19 593 (4.36%) Unit Testing
20 563 (4.13%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3336 (24.50%) Java
2 2771 (20.35%) C#
3 2342 (17.20%) JavaScript
4 1528 (11.22%) Python
5 1480 (10.87%) T-SQL
6 1116 (8.20%) PL/SQL
7 572 (4.20%) PowerShell
8 501 (3.68%) Shell Script
9 492 (3.61%) C++
10 435 (3.19%) Perl
11 417 (3.06%) VBA
12 386 (2.83%) Scala
13 374 (2.75%) R
14 279 (2.05%) PHP
15 277 (2.03%) VB.NET
16 240 (1.76%) C
17 234 (1.72%) Bash Shell
18 217 (1.59%) VB
19 184 (1.35%) Ruby
20 133 (0.98%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 883 (6.49%) Degree
2 773 (5.68%) Security Cleared
3 520 (3.82%) SC Cleared
4 192 (1.41%) Microsoft Certification
5 175 (1.29%) ISEB
6 169 (1.24%) Computer Science Degree
7 158 (1.16%) ISTQB
8 138 (1.01%) DV Cleared
9 109 (0.80%) MCSE
10 79 (0.58%) BPSS Clearance
11 68 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 64 (0.47%) Master's Degree
13 56 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
14 51 (0.37%) MCITP
15 47 (0.35%) MCSA
16 40 (0.29%) PhD
17 28 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
17 28 (0.21%) Sun Certification
18 27 (0.20%) CISSP
19 25 (0.18%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 625 (4.59%) QA
2 464 (3.41%) Data Quality
3 165 (1.21%) MiFID
4 140 (1.03%) SLA
5 88 (0.65%) GDPR
6 57 (0.42%) EMIR
7 51 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
8 31 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 26 (0.19%) HL7
10 25 (0.18%) PMO
10 25 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 24 (0.18%) GCP
12 23 (0.17%) Dodd-Frank
13 22 (0.16%) PCI DSS
14 19 (0.14%) Solvency II
15 15 (0.11%) IFRS
16 13 (0.095%) IFRS 9
17 10 (0.073%) Actionable Recommendations
17 10 (0.073%) GxP
17 10 (0.073%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 644 (4.73%) Active Directory
2 359 (2.64%) Docker
3 268 (1.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 120 (0.88%) Hyper-V
5 108 (0.79%) HDFS
6 92 (0.68%) VMware ESXi
7 84 (0.62%) vSphere
8 76 (0.56%) Apache Flume
9 56 (0.41%) Oracle RAC
9 56 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
10 54 (0.40%) XenApp
11 37 (0.27%) Virtual Servers
12 34 (0.25%) NFS
13 31 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 22 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
15 21 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
16 20 (0.15%) Oracle Clusterware
16 20 (0.15%) XenDesktop
17 19 (0.14%) Terminal Services
18 16 (0.12%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 284 (2.09%) Puppet
2 255 (1.87%) Ansible
3 208 (1.53%) Opscode Chef
4 161 (1.18%) SCCM
5 127 (0.93%) SCOM
6 109 (0.80%) HP Quality Center
7 89 (0.65%) Kubernetes
8 86 (0.63%) Kibana
9 83 (0.61%) Grafana
10 75 (0.55%) logstash
11 68 (0.50%) Control-M
12 56 (0.41%) Hadoop YARN
13 53 (0.39%) Terraform
14 51 (0.37%) Oracle RMAN
15 50 (0.37%) Ambari
15 50 (0.37%) Data Guard
16 48 (0.35%) Nagios
17 45 (0.33%) Oozie
18 44 (0.32%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
19 40 (0.29%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2870 (21.08%) Oracle
2 2390 (17.55%) Microsoft
3 572 (4.20%) Tableau
4 452 (3.32%) VMware
5 405 (2.97%) SAP
6 358 (2.63%) IBM
7 347 (2.55%) HP
8 330 (2.42%) Sybase
9 224 (1.65%) Red Hat
10 211 (1.55%) Informatica
11 200 (1.47%) Google
12 195 (1.43%) Citrix
13 181 (1.33%) Cisco
14 177 (1.30%) Salesforce.com
15 165 (1.21%) TIBCO
16 161 (1.18%) Splunk
17 153 (1.12%) Cognos
18 143 (1.05%) Teradata
19 127 (0.93%) AppDynamics
20 105 (0.77%) Talend