Period
to 25 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13022 14123 16869
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.26% 13.33% 14.79%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.65% 33.48% 38.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 8901 9698 11423
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +5.26% +1.33%
10th Percentile £285 £263 £258
90th Percentile £613 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £355 £350
% change year-on-year +5.63% +1.43% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 299 349
UK median hourly rate £27.16 £29.88 £26.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.10% +12.75% -7.83%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.20 £13.45
90th Percentile £52.65 £47.00 £43.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £31.25 £28.13
% change year-on-year -4.00% +11.11% +4.17%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41138 42182 43416
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.89% 39.81% 38.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 28402 28998 29257
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +3.23%
10th Percentile £306 £280 £263
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 768 908 967
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +12.31%
10th Percentile £15.79 £14.00 £15.50
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.50 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +6.67% +1.35% +10.45%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11795 £425 +6.25% 1656
London -1 6469 £475 +5.56% 587
UK excluding London -1 6388 £375 +5.63% 1147
South East +1 1811 £385 -0.65% 254
North of England +3 1381 £375 +7.14% 370
Midlands -2 834 £350 -3.45% 189
Scotland 0 727 £388 +10.71% 61
North West +1 720 £375 +7.14% 198
South West -1 667 £375 +7.14% 123
East of England 0 595 £368 +5.00% 132
Yorkshire +1 537 £375 +2.74% 158
West Midlands -2 490 £369 -0.34% 99
East Midlands -5 332 £350 - 88
Wales +4 195 £352 +6.74% 15
Northern Ireland -4 193 £413 +37.50% 1
North East +1 139 £375 +15.38% 14
Channel Islands -3 2 £300 -28.36% 1

For the 6 months to 25 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3944 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
2 3563 (27.36%) SQL Server
3 3212 (24.67%) Finance
4 3102 (23.82%) Java
5 2795 (21.46%) Oracle
6 2614 (20.07%) C#
7 2566 (19.71%) .NET
8 2273 (17.46%) Microsoft
9 2235 (17.16%) JavaScript
10 1751 (13.45%) Linux
11 1737 (13.34%) Business Intelligence
12 1682 (12.92%) HTML
13 1665 (12.79%) Banking
14 1644 (12.62%) Windows
15 1582 (12.15%) Unix
16 1433 (11.00%) T-SQL
17 1404 (10.78%) Python
18 1403 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
19 1378 (10.58%) MVC
20 1375 (10.56%) ETL
21 1348 (10.35%) Data Warehouse
22 1327 (10.19%) Web Services
23 1286 (9.88%) TDD
24 1285 (9.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
25 1279 (9.82%) XML
26 1269 (9.75%) CSS
27 1237 (9.50%) Relational Database
28 1166 (8.95%) Data Modelling
29 1144 (8.79%) Scrum
30 1115 (8.56%) Git (software)

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 429 (3.29%) SharePoint
2 408 (3.13%) Apache Spark
3 347 (2.66%) SAS
4 342 (2.63%) IIS
5 321 (2.47%) Apache
6 303 (2.33%) JBoss
7 294 (2.26%) Tomcat
8 262 (2.01%) Confluence
9 243 (1.87%) WebSphere
10 214 (1.64%) WebLogic
11 177 (1.36%) CMS
12 165 (1.27%) Elasticsearch
13 140 (1.08%) MS Exchange
14 137 (1.05%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 96 (0.74%) Apache Solr
16 80 (0.61%) Oracle Workflow
17 78 (0.60%) BizTalk Server
18 62 (0.48%) WebSphere Application Server
19 54 (0.41%) SharePoint 2013
19 54 (0.41%) Skype for Business
Applications
1 880 (6.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 333 (2.56%) Microsoft Office
3 151 (1.16%) MS Visio
4 133 (1.02%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 57 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
6 54 (0.41%) SPSS
7 40 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
8 27 (0.21%) Stata
9 10 (0.077%) Simulink
10 7 (0.054%) InfoPath
10 7 (0.054%) SmartSuite
11 5 (0.038%) Photoshop
12 4 (0.031%) Mingle
13 3 (0.023%) LaTeX
14 2 (0.015%) EViews
14 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
15 1 (0.008%) Adobe Illustrator
15 1 (0.008%) InDesign
15 1 (0.008%) Weka
15 1 (0.008%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 254 (1.95%) Dynamics CRM
2 126 (0.97%) Markit EDM
3 84 (0.65%) Dynamics AX
4 73 (0.56%) Oracle EBS
5 65 (0.50%) Oracle EBS R12
6 52 (0.40%) ION MarketView
7 44 (0.34%) Oracle Receivables
8 38 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
9 30 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
10 28 (0.22%) Magento
10 28 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
10 28 (0.22%) Oracle Payables
10 28 (0.22%) Salesforce.com CRM
11 27 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
12 26 (0.20%) Cognos Business Intelligence
12 26 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
13 19 (0.15%) Cognos TM1
13 19 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
13 19 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
13 19 (0.15%) RMDS
Cloud Services
1 804 (6.17%) Microsoft Azure
2 731 (5.61%) Amazon AWS
3 163 (1.25%) Office 365
4 148 (1.14%) GitHub
5 142 (1.09%) PaaS
6 98 (0.75%) SaaS
7 78 (0.60%) Cloud Computing
8 75 (0.58%) IaaS
9 64 (0.49%) Amazon EC2
9 64 (0.49%) npm
10 62 (0.48%) Google Cloud Platform
11 60 (0.46%) Amazon S3
11 60 (0.46%) Dynamics 365
12 49 (0.38%) AWS Lambda
12 49 (0.38%) Google Analytics
13 37 (0.28%) Azure Active Directory
14 35 (0.27%) Amazon EMR
15 32 (0.25%) Azure Data Factory
16 30 (0.23%) Slack
17 26 (0.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 261 (2.00%) Firewall
2 205 (1.57%) Internet
3 200 (1.54%) TCP/IP
4 199 (1.53%) DNS
5 194 (1.49%) HTTP
6 179 (1.37%) LDAP
7 154 (1.18%) SAN
8 123 (0.94%) LAN
9 120 (0.92%) SSL
10 108 (0.83%) WAN
11 95 (0.73%) DHCP
12 65 (0.50%) SSH
13 62 (0.48%) SMS
14 56 (0.43%) Network Security
15 55 (0.42%) VPN
16 47 (0.36%) Kerberos
17 46 (0.35%) Skype
18 41 (0.31%) HTTPS
18 41 (0.31%) NAS
19 40 (0.31%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3563 (27.36%) SQL Server
2 1348 (10.35%) Data Warehouse
3 1285 (9.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1237 (9.50%) Relational Database
5 1028 (7.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 897 (6.89%) NoSQL
7 705 (5.41%) Oracle Database
8 675 (5.18%) Big Data
9 625 (4.80%) MySQL
10 621 (4.77%) Hadoop
11 616 (4.73%) MongoDB
12 599 (4.60%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 545 (4.19%) RDBMS
14 464 (3.56%) SQL Server 2008
15 457 (3.51%) SQL Server 2012
16 408 (3.13%) PostgreSQL
17 361 (2.77%) Power BI
18 331 (2.54%) DB2
19 299 (2.30%) BusinessObjects
20 268 (2.06%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1115 (8.56%) Git (software)
2 889 (6.83%) JIRA
3 764 (5.87%) Jenkins
4 598 (4.59%) Team Foundation Server
5 509 (3.91%) Visual Studio
6 419 (3.22%) Maven
7 407 (3.13%) Selenium
8 397 (3.05%) JUnit
9 341 (2.62%) Subversion
10 298 (2.29%) Cucumber
11 262 (2.01%) TeamCity
12 207 (1.59%) Eclipse
13 204 (1.57%) NUnit
14 152 (1.17%) Mockito
15 134 (1.03%) SoapUI
16 128 (0.98%) Ant
17 126 (0.97%) Talend Open Studio
18 119 (0.91%) SpecFlow
19 115 (0.88%) JMeter
20 111 (0.85%) Gradle
General
1 3212 (24.67%) Finance
2 1665 (12.79%) Banking
3 648 (4.98%) Investment Banking
4 608 (4.67%) Front Office
5 576 (4.42%) Retail
6 400 (3.07%) Marketing
7 261 (2.00%) Telecoms
8 185 (1.42%) Manufacturing
9 184 (1.41%) Financial Institution
10 160 (1.23%) Legal
11 154 (1.18%) Back Office
12 125 (0.96%) Games
13 116 (0.89%) Publishing
14 107 (0.82%) Advertising
15 103 (0.79%) Electronics
16 96 (0.74%) Retail Banking
17 82 (0.63%) Law
18 78 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
19 57 (0.44%) Billing
20 52 (0.40%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6298 (48.36%) Developer
2 2560 (19.66%) Analyst
3 1345 (10.33%) SQL Developer
4 1315 (10.10%) Java Developer
5 1101 (8.45%) .NET Developer
6 982 (7.54%) C# Developer
7 675 (5.18%) Senior Developer
8 654 (5.02%) Data Analyst
9 587 (4.51%) Consultant
10 535 (4.11%) Business Analyst
11 524 (4.02%) C# .NET Developer
12 499 (3.83%) DBA
13 486 (3.73%) Architect
14 433 (3.33%) SQL Analyst
15 412 (3.16%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 400 (3.07%) Test Analyst
17 331 (2.54%) SQL DBA
18 317 (2.43%) Support Analyst
19 305 (2.34%) Oracle Developer
20 291 (2.23%) Applications Support
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2566 (19.71%) .NET
2 1682 (12.92%) HTML
3 1327 (10.19%) Web Services
4 1279 (9.82%) XML
5 1269 (9.75%) CSS
6 1061 (8.15%) ASP.NET
7 1028 (7.89%) Spring
8 983 (7.55%) AngularJS
9 749 (5.75%) REST
10 723 (5.55%) jQuery
11 598 (4.59%) JSON
12 586 (4.50%) .NET Framework
13 569 (4.37%) HTML5
14 559 (4.29%) RESTful
15 543 (4.17%) Hibernate
16 531 (4.08%) SOAP
17 517 (3.97%) ASP.NET MVC
18 504 (3.87%) WCF
19 490 (3.76%) ASP.NET Web API
20 463 (3.56%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1403 (10.77%) Analytical Skills
2 462 (3.55%) Computer Science
3 398 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
4 355 (2.73%) Fixed Income
5 331 (2.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 328 (2.52%) Equities
7 320 (2.46%) Management Information System
8 309 (2.37%) Derivative
9 303 (2.33%) Data Structures
10 265 (2.04%) Algorithms
11 212 (1.63%) User Experience
12 200 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
13 176 (1.35%) Mobile App
14 159 (1.22%) Clustering
15 155 (1.19%) Virtual Team
16 152 (1.17%) Replication
17 140 (1.08%) Data Centre
18 137 (1.05%) Market Risk
19 134 (1.03%) Credit Risk
20 129 (0.99%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1751 (13.45%) Linux
2 1644 (12.62%) Windows
3 1582 (12.15%) Unix
4 494 (3.79%) Windows Server
5 258 (1.98%) Windows Server 2012
6 229 (1.76%) Windows Server 2008
7 213 (1.64%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 124 (0.95%) Solaris
9 104 (0.80%) Android
10 98 (0.75%) Apple iOS
11 97 (0.74%) Windows 7
12 85 (0.65%) Windows 10
13 81 (0.62%) Windows Server 2003
14 78 (0.60%) AIX
15 64 (0.49%) CentOS
16 50 (0.38%) Mac OS X
17 41 (0.31%) Ubuntu
18 39 (0.30%) Windows XP
19 38 (0.29%) zOS
20 35 (0.27%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3944 (30.29%) Agile Software Development
2 1737 (13.34%) Business Intelligence
3 1378 (10.58%) MVC
4 1375 (10.56%) ETL
5 1286 (9.88%) TDD
6 1166 (8.95%) Data Modelling
7 1144 (8.79%) Scrum
8 1069 (8.21%) Migration
9 1008 (7.74%) Test Automation
10 964 (7.40%) Analytics
11 859 (6.60%) Continuous Integration
12 845 (6.49%) SDLC
13 826 (6.34%) Data Analysis
14 763 (5.86%) OO
15 691 (5.31%) DevOps
16 595 (4.57%) Software Engineering
17 593 (4.55%) Unit Testing
18 551 (4.23%) Web Development
19 530 (4.07%) BDD
20 527 (4.05%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3102 (23.82%) Java
2 2614 (20.07%) C#
3 2235 (17.16%) JavaScript
4 1433 (11.00%) T-SQL
5 1404 (10.78%) Python
6 1087 (8.35%) PL/SQL
7 545 (4.19%) PowerShell
8 486 (3.73%) Shell Script
9 480 (3.69%) C++
10 475 (3.65%) Perl
11 433 (3.33%) VBA
12 365 (2.80%) Scala
13 352 (2.70%) R
14 285 (2.19%) PHP
15 283 (2.17%) VB.NET
16 278 (2.13%) C
17 245 (1.88%) VB
18 200 (1.54%) Bash Shell
19 175 (1.34%) Ruby
20 107 (0.82%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 851 (6.54%) Degree
2 746 (5.73%) Security Cleared
3 496 (3.81%) SC Cleared
4 182 (1.40%) Computer Science Degree
5 167 (1.28%) ISEB
6 158 (1.21%) ISTQB
7 154 (1.18%) Microsoft Certification
8 122 (0.94%) DV Cleared
9 78 (0.60%) MCSE
10 74 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
11 70 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 64 (0.49%) Master's Degree
13 53 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
14 41 (0.31%) MCITP
15 34 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
15 34 (0.26%) PhD
16 33 (0.25%) CISSP
17 32 (0.25%) MCSA
18 31 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
19 30 (0.23%) MCTS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 579 (4.45%) QA
2 428 (3.29%) Data Quality
3 159 (1.22%) MiFID
4 127 (0.98%) SLA
5 62 (0.48%) EMIR
6 60 (0.46%) GDPR
7 58 (0.45%) Disclosure Scotland
8 35 (0.27%) PCI DSS
9 34 (0.26%) Dodd-Frank
10 28 (0.22%) HL7
10 28 (0.22%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 26 (0.20%) PMO
12 22 (0.17%) Solvency II
13 20 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 15 (0.12%) IFRS
15 14 (0.11%) ISO 9001
16 12 (0.092%) IFRS 9
17 11 (0.084%) Basel II
18 10 (0.077%) Actionable Recommendations
19 9 (0.069%) GAAP
System Software
1 588 (4.52%) Active Directory
2 304 (2.33%) Docker
3 247 (1.90%) VMware Infrastructure
4 125 (0.96%) Hyper-V
5 96 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
6 84 (0.65%) HDFS
7 76 (0.58%) vSphere
8 55 (0.42%) Apache Flume
9 52 (0.40%) Virtual Machines
10 44 (0.34%) Oracle RAC
11 42 (0.32%) XenApp
12 37 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
13 34 (0.26%) NFS
14 26 (0.20%) Xen
15 23 (0.18%) Microsoft App-V
16 22 (0.17%) Time Sharing Option
16 22 (0.17%) XenDesktop
17 17 (0.13%) Apache ZooKeeper
17 17 (0.13%) KVM
17 17 (0.13%) RACF
Systems Management
1 223 (1.71%) Puppet
2 197 (1.51%) Ansible
3 161 (1.24%) Opscode Chef
4 127 (0.98%) SCCM
5 99 (0.76%) SCOM
6 98 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
7 76 (0.58%) Kubernetes
8 66 (0.51%) Control-M
9 61 (0.47%) logstash
10 60 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
11 59 (0.45%) Nagios
12 52 (0.40%) Kibana
13 51 (0.39%) Grafana
14 48 (0.37%) Terraform
15 46 (0.35%) WSUS
16 43 (0.33%) Oracle RMAN
17 39 (0.30%) TIBCO Hawk
18 37 (0.28%) Oozie
19 36 (0.28%) NetBackup
20 32 (0.25%) Microsoft Clustering
Vendors
1 2795 (21.46%) Oracle
2 2273 (17.46%) Microsoft
3 458 (3.52%) Tableau
4 437 (3.36%) VMware
5 396 (3.04%) SAP
6 336 (2.58%) Sybase
7 324 (2.49%) HP
8 316 (2.43%) IBM
9 224 (1.72%) Red Hat
10 201 (1.54%) Citrix
10 201 (1.54%) Informatica
11 193 (1.48%) Google
12 169 (1.30%) Cisco
13 144 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
13 144 (1.11%) TIBCO
14 141 (1.08%) Teradata
15 135 (1.04%) Cognos
16 126 (0.97%) Talend
17 115 (0.88%) Splunk
18 111 (0.85%) Cloudera