Period
to 24 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
24 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 11,999 12,994 11,822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.09% 12.89% 13.09%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.53% 29.96% 31.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,334 8,943 8,067
UK median daily rate £450 £430 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.65% +7.50% -
10th Percentile £310 £288 £265
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £390 £367
% change year-on-year +5.77% +6.34% +1.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 143 227 244
UK median hourly rate £28.00 £26.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.66% -33.75% +42.86%
10th Percentile £14.78 £12.75 £13.83
90th Percentile £57.20 £49.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £24.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +25.00% -40.00% +45.45%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 39,297 43,374 37,440
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.88% 43.04% 41.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 27,229 30,335 25,664
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £430
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.70% +7.56% +3.37%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £403 £388
% change year-on-year +5.59% +3.87% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 681 788 806
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -3.61% +7.79%
10th Percentile £18.00 £16.83 £16.50
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £56.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +8.75% -2.44% +6.49%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 24 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 24 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 10,964 £450 +1.12% 2,070
UK excluding London 0 6,230 £413 +5.77% 1,457
London 0 5,571 £500 +4.17% 727
South East +2 1,852 £427 +6.81% 336
North of England +3 1,523 £390 +4.00% 441
Midlands -1 869 £400 +6.67% 288
North West +3 737 £400 +6.67% 248
South West -2 624 £425 +7.59% 143
Scotland -1 610 £400 +6.67% 67
Yorkshire +1 600 £395 +5.33% 165
West Midlands -1 525 £400 +6.67% 170
East of England 0 505 £425 +6.25% 140
East Midlands 0 332 £380 +1.33% 117
Wales +4 189 £400 - 33
North East +12 182 £363 +11.54% 28
Northern Ireland +2 73 £373 -13.57% 12
Channel Islands -2 4 £400 - 1
Isle of Man -1 2 - - 1

For the 6 months to 24 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,793 (31.61%) Agile Software Development
2 3,212 (26.77%) SQL Server
3 2,599 (21.66%) C#
4 2,506 (20.89%) Finance
5 2,465 (20.54%) .NET
6 2,433 (20.28%) Microsoft Azure
7 2,366 (19.72%) Oracle
8 2,292 (19.10%) Java
9 2,235 (18.63%) Microsoft
10 2,010 (16.75%) JavaScript
11 1,977 (16.48%) Python
12 1,898 (15.82%) Business Intelligence
13 1,475 (12.29%) ETL
14 1,462 (12.18%) Data Warehouse
15 1,444 (12.03%) Amazon AWS
16 1,424 (11.87%) Analytics
17 1,381 (11.51%) Git (software)
18 1,366 (11.38%) HTML
19 1,364 (11.37%) DevOps
20 1,355 (11.29%) Windows
21 1,322 (11.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
22 1,301 (10.84%) T-SQL
23 1,244 (10.37%) Linux
24 1,205 (10.04%) Analytical Skills
25 1,158 (9.65%) Test Automation
26 1,156 (9.63%) Scrum
27 1,104 (9.20%) Unix
28 1,096 (9.13%) CSS
29 1,095 (9.13%) Problem-Solving
30 1,077 (8.98%) NoSQL

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 620 (5.17%) Apache Spark
2 449 (3.74%) Confluence
3 364 (3.03%) SharePoint
4 317 (2.64%) Apache
5 294 (2.45%) SAS
6 278 (2.32%) IIS
7 225 (1.88%) WebLogic
8 204 (1.70%) Elasticsearch
9 186 (1.55%) Tomcat
10 144 (1.20%) WebSphere
11 134 (1.12%) CMS
12 121 (1.01%) JBoss
13 116 (0.97%) nginx
14 108 (0.90%) MS Exchange
15 73 (0.61%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 72 (0.60%) Apache Airflow
17 70 (0.58%) Umbraco
18 55 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
18 55 (0.46%) Mule
18 55 (0.46%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 737 (6.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 261 (2.18%) Microsoft Office
3 99 (0.83%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 64 (0.53%) MS Visio
5 59 (0.49%) Spreadsheet
6 50 (0.42%) SPSS
7 46 (0.38%) Microsoft Project
8 31 (0.26%) Stata
9 13 (0.11%) Chatbot
10 9 (0.075%) InfoPath
10 9 (0.075%) Photoshop
11 6 (0.050%) CATIA
11 6 (0.050%) Siemens NX
12 3 (0.025%) Weka
13 2 (0.017%) LaTeX
14 1 (0.008%) Avid Media Composer
14 1 (0.008%) Final Cut Pro
14 1 (0.008%) HipChat
14 1 (0.008%) InVision
14 1 (0.008%) Notepad++
Business Applications
1 188 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 91 (0.76%) Oracle EBS
3 64 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
4 46 (0.38%) Dynamics NAV
5 43 (0.36%) Oracle Payables
6 41 (0.34%) Oracle Receivables
7 39 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
8 37 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
9 35 (0.29%) Maximo
9 35 (0.29%) Oracle BPM
9 35 (0.29%) Oracle Financials
10 30 (0.25%) Oracle General Ledger
11 26 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
11 26 (0.22%) Oracle Assets
12 25 (0.21%) Oracle ERP
12 25 (0.21%) SAP ERP
13 24 (0.20%) Markit EDM
14 19 (0.16%) SAP S/4HANA
15 17 (0.14%) Oracle Cash Management
15 17 (0.14%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
Cloud Services
1 2,433 (20.28%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,444 (12.03%) Amazon AWS
3 1,049 (8.74%) Power Platform
4 435 (3.63%) PaaS
5 373 (3.11%) Google Cloud Platform
6 342 (2.85%) Office 365
7 282 (2.35%) GitHub
8 276 (2.30%) Serverless
9 267 (2.23%) SaaS
10 247 (2.06%) IaaS
11 235 (1.96%) Azure Data Factory
12 166 (1.38%) Azure Active Directory
13 160 (1.33%) Amazon S3
14 138 (1.15%) Dynamics 365
15 122 (1.02%) Amazon EC2
16 114 (0.95%) Azure Functions
17 108 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
18 92 (0.77%) Google Analytics
19 90 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
20 72 (0.60%) Azure ExpressRoute
Communications & Networking
1 275 (2.29%) Firewall
2 205 (1.71%) DNS
3 190 (1.58%) Internet
4 178 (1.48%) HTTP
5 149 (1.24%) SAN
6 132 (1.10%) TCP/IP
7 113 (0.94%) VPN
8 95 (0.79%) SSL
9 93 (0.78%) LAN
9 93 (0.78%) WAN
10 89 (0.74%) DHCP
11 69 (0.58%) FTP
12 51 (0.43%) AMQP
13 46 (0.38%) NAS
14 45 (0.38%) Skype
15 40 (0.33%) Kerberos
15 40 (0.33%) MPLS
16 38 (0.32%) VLAN
17 36 (0.30%) Intranet
18 32 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,212 (26.77%) SQL Server
2 1,462 (12.18%) Data Warehouse
3 1,322 (11.02%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,077 (8.98%) NoSQL
5 1,026 (8.55%) Power BI
6 960 (8.00%) Big Data
7 885 (7.38%) Relational Database
8 884 (7.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 657 (5.48%) Hadoop
10 655 (5.46%) PostgreSQL
11 633 (5.28%) Oracle Database
12 595 (4.96%) MySQL
13 567 (4.73%) MongoDB
14 527 (4.39%) Azure SQL Database
15 520 (4.33%) SQL Server Analysis Services
16 372 (3.10%) Apache Hive
17 322 (2.68%) RDBMS
18 315 (2.63%) Data Lake
19 286 (2.38%) SQL Server 2012
20 275 (2.29%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1,381 (11.51%) Git (software)
2 948 (7.90%) JIRA
3 894 (7.45%) Jenkins
4 545 (4.54%) Selenium
5 489 (4.08%) Team Foundation Server
6 488 (4.07%) Visual Studio
7 363 (3.03%) Maven
8 348 (2.90%) Cucumber
9 306 (2.55%) Visual Studio Team System
10 276 (2.30%) JUnit
11 252 (2.10%) Subversion
12 225 (1.88%) TeamCity
13 203 (1.69%) Bitbucket
14 177 (1.48%) SoapUI
15 169 (1.41%) SpecFlow
16 142 (1.18%) Oracle Forms
17 125 (1.04%) GitLab
18 124 (1.03%) Eclipse
19 120 (1.00%) JMeter
20 116 (0.97%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 2,506 (20.89%) Finance
2 1,027 (8.56%) Banking
3 442 (3.68%) Retail
4 319 (2.66%) Marketing
5 309 (2.58%) Investment Banking
6 308 (2.57%) Front Office
7 195 (1.63%) Telecoms
8 190 (1.58%) Legal
9 150 (1.25%) Manufacturing
10 123 (1.03%) Back Office
11 120 (1.00%) Financial Institution
12 112 (0.93%) Law
13 91 (0.76%) Advertising
14 75 (0.63%) Games
15 67 (0.56%) Publishing
16 56 (0.47%) Pharmaceutical
17 55 (0.46%) Billing
18 53 (0.44%) Retail Banking
19 46 (0.38%) Electronics
20 41 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 5,281 (44.01%) Developer
2 1,765 (14.71%) Analyst
3 1,071 (8.93%) SQL Developer
4 933 (7.78%) .NET Developer
5 764 (6.37%) C# Developer
6 731 (6.09%) Java Developer
7 663 (5.53%) Architect
8 586 (4.88%) Data Engineer
9 551 (4.59%) Data Analyst
10 486 (4.05%) DBA
11 478 (3.98%) Consultant
12 443 (3.69%) Senior Developer
13 430 (3.58%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 402 (3.35%) C# .NET Developer
15 380 (3.17%) Full Stack Developer
16 365 (3.04%) Test Analyst
17 327 (2.73%) SQL DBA
18 316 (2.63%) Python Developer
19 300 (2.50%) SQL Analyst
20 290 (2.42%) DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,465 (20.54%) .NET
2 1,366 (11.38%) HTML
3 1,096 (9.13%) CSS
4 991 (8.26%) AngularJS
5 958 (7.98%) Web Services
6 911 (7.59%) XML
7 775 (6.46%) ASP.NET
8 750 (6.25%) REST
9 727 (6.06%) Spring
10 661 (5.51%) RESTful
11 599 (4.99%) .NET Framework
12 591 (4.93%) JSON
13 560 (4.67%) SOAP
14 521 (4.34%) ASP.NET Web API
15 513 (4.28%) React
16 491 (4.09%) Kafka
17 478 (3.98%) Node.js
18 466 (3.88%) jQuery
19 429 (3.58%) HTML5
20 384 (3.20%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 1,205 (10.04%) Analytical Skills
2 383 (3.19%) Greenfield Project
3 271 (2.26%) Fintech
4 264 (2.20%) Data Structures
5 258 (2.15%) User Experience
6 255 (2.13%) Algorithms
7 222 (1.85%) Self-Motivation
8 218 (1.82%) Management Information System
9 201 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
10 189 (1.58%) Data Centre
11 179 (1.49%) Replication
12 169 (1.41%) Derivative
13 152 (1.27%) Fixed Income
14 137 (1.14%) NHS
15 134 (1.12%) Hedge funds
16 108 (0.90%) Clustering
17 105 (0.88%) Mobile App
18 98 (0.82%) Public Cloud
19 93 (0.78%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 83 (0.69%) Linux Command Line
Operating Systems
1 1,355 (11.29%) Windows
2 1,244 (10.37%) Linux
3 1,104 (9.20%) Unix
4 459 (3.83%) Windows Server
5 171 (1.43%) Windows Server 2012
6 161 (1.34%) Windows Server 2008
7 127 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 102 (0.85%) Apple iOS
9 90 (0.75%) Windows 10
10 87 (0.73%) Android
11 85 (0.71%) AIX
12 72 (0.60%) Solaris
13 65 (0.54%) Ubuntu
14 52 (0.43%) Windows 7
15 47 (0.39%) CentOS
16 34 (0.28%) VMS
16 34 (0.28%) Windows Server 2003
17 21 (0.18%) OpenVMS
18 20 (0.17%) CoreOS
18 20 (0.17%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,793 (31.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1,898 (15.82%) Business Intelligence
3 1,475 (12.29%) ETL
4 1,424 (11.87%) Analytics
5 1,364 (11.37%) DevOps
6 1,158 (9.65%) Test Automation
7 1,156 (9.63%) Scrum
8 1,095 (9.13%) Problem-Solving
9 1,056 (8.80%) Migration
10 1,030 (8.58%) TDD
11 1,027 (8.56%) Data Modelling
12 858 (7.15%) Microservices
13 842 (7.02%) Continuous Integration
14 831 (6.93%) MVC
15 708 (5.90%) SDLC
16 651 (5.43%) BDD
17 637 (5.31%) Software Engineering
18 620 (5.17%) Data Science
19 619 (5.16%) Visualisation
20 606 (5.05%) Data Analysis
Programming Languages
1 2,599 (21.66%) C#
2 2,292 (19.10%) Java
3 2,010 (16.75%) JavaScript
4 1,977 (16.48%) Python
5 1,301 (10.84%) T-SQL
6 960 (8.00%) PL/SQL
7 843 (7.03%) PowerShell
8 403 (3.36%) Shell Script
9 378 (3.15%) Scala
10 358 (2.98%) R
11 354 (2.95%) VBA
12 289 (2.41%) C++
13 270 (2.25%) Bash Shell
14 263 (2.19%) Perl
15 255 (2.13%) TypeScript
16 245 (2.04%) Java 8
17 244 (2.03%) PHP
18 236 (1.97%) VB
19 229 (1.91%) C
20 226 (1.88%) VB.NET
Qualifications
1 765 (6.38%) Security Cleared
2 687 (5.73%) Degree
3 527 (4.39%) SC Cleared
4 215 (1.79%) ISTQB
5 172 (1.43%) ISEB
6 137 (1.14%) Computer Science Degree
7 136 (1.13%) DV Cleared
8 134 (1.12%) Microsoft Certification
9 100 (0.83%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 94 (0.78%) BPSS Clearance
11 76 (0.63%) Master's Degree
12 68 (0.57%) PhD
13 58 (0.48%) MCSE
14 47 (0.39%) Numerate Degree
15 45 (0.38%) MCSA
16 37 (0.31%) ITIL Certification
17 34 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
18 29 (0.24%) MCITP
19 24 (0.20%) PMI Certification
20 22 (0.18%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 532 (4.43%) QA
2 416 (3.47%) Data Quality
3 107 (0.89%) SLA
4 85 (0.71%) GDPR
5 30 (0.25%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 22 (0.18%) Disclosure Scotland
6 22 (0.18%) PCI DSS
7 21 (0.18%) MiFID
7 21 (0.18%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 18 (0.15%) IFRS
9 16 (0.13%) PMO
10 12 (0.10%) IFRS 9
10 12 (0.10%) Solvency II
11 11 (0.092%) HL7
12 10 (0.083%) COREP
12 10 (0.083%) FINREP
13 9 (0.075%) Basel III
14 7 (0.058%) PSD2
15 6 (0.050%) Actionable Recommendations
16 5 (0.042%) EMIR
System Software
1 864 (7.20%) Docker
2 593 (4.94%) Active Directory
3 225 (1.88%) VMware Infrastructure
4 124 (1.03%) Hyper-V
5 101 (0.84%) Oracle RAC
5 101 (0.84%) Virtual Machines
6 87 (0.73%) HDFS
7 69 (0.58%) VMware ESXi
8 66 (0.55%) XenApp
9 58 (0.48%) Apache Flume
10 35 (0.29%) Microsoft App-V
11 34 (0.28%) vSphere
12 23 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
12 23 (0.19%) XenDesktop
13 19 (0.16%) Ceph
14 17 (0.14%) etcd
15 15 (0.13%) flannel
15 15 (0.13%) Shibboleth
15 15 (0.13%) SkyDNS
16 14 (0.12%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 519 (4.33%) Kubernetes
2 338 (2.82%) Ansible
3 235 (1.96%) Puppet
4 214 (1.78%) Terraform
5 171 (1.43%) SCCM
6 145 (1.21%) Opscode Chef
7 81 (0.68%) Kibana
7 81 (0.68%) Oozie
8 72 (0.60%) SCOM
9 71 (0.59%) HP ALM
10 67 (0.56%) Single Sign-On
11 61 (0.51%) Grafana
12 58 (0.48%) Control-M
13 54 (0.45%) Microsoft Clustering
14 51 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
15 40 (0.33%) Failover Clustering
15 40 (0.33%) NetBackup
16 34 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
17 33 (0.28%) Data Guard
18 32 (0.27%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,366 (19.72%) Oracle
2 2,235 (18.63%) Microsoft
3 614 (5.12%) Tableau
4 435 (3.63%) VMware
5 414 (3.45%) Google
6 333 (2.78%) SAP
7 276 (2.30%) IBM
8 209 (1.74%) Informatica
9 195 (1.63%) Citrix
10 162 (1.35%) HP
11 152 (1.27%) Cisco
12 132 (1.10%) Atlassian
13 123 (1.03%) Salesforce.com
14 113 (0.94%) Databricks
15 108 (0.90%) ServiceNow
16 106 (0.88%) Red Hat
17 104 (0.87%) Splunk
18 101 (0.84%) Cloudera
19 100 (0.83%) MuleSoft
20 88 (0.73%) webMethods