Period
to 22 September 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 22 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
22 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 6 6
Rank change year-on-year +2 0 -1
Contract jobs citing SQL 11,176 13,499 13,116
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.80% 13.24% 13.29%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.37% 29.79% 31.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,795 9,402 8,958
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £309 £300 £285
90th Percentile £625 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.13% +6.67% +6.99%
Number of hourly rates quoted 149 191 239
UK median hourly rate £35.07 £24.08 £27.16
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +45.62% -11.34% -7.74%
10th Percentile £14.61 £11.50 £12.75
90th Percentile £57.05 £55.00 £52.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.28 £22.83 £30.00
% change year-on-year +54.54% -23.90% +1.69%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 36,799 45,319 41,332
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.14% 44.46% 41.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,471 31,859 28,514
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £320 £313 £306
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £415 £400
% change year-on-year +2.41% +3.75% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 664 723 780
UK median hourly rate £44.00 £41.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.02% +3.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.31 £16.25 £15.79
90th Percentile £56.18 £52.50 £53.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £44.00 £41.92 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.96% +4.81% +6.67%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 22 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 22 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 10,223 £450 - 4,081
UK excluding London 0 5,769 £413 +3.13% 3,030
London 0 5,235 £500 - 1,343
South East 0 1,781 £425 +1.19% 794
North of England 0 1,240 £400 +6.67% 803
Midlands -1 835 £400 +3.23% 506
South West -2 673 £413 +3.13% 340
North West +1 645 £400 +6.67% 450
Scotland 0 579 £425 +8.97% 184
Yorkshire 0 498 £400 - 280
West Midlands -2 489 £410 +4.13% 304
East of England 0 437 £425 +5.52% 299
East Midlands -1 333 £400 +3.23% 202
Wales +1 155 £375 -11.76% 82
North East -2 98 £425 +24.63% 73
Northern Ireland -1 67 £430 -0.23% 24
Channel Islands -2 9 £450 +5.88% 2
Isle of Man +1 3 - -

For the 6 months to 22 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,392 (30.35%) Agile Software Development
2 2,941 (26.32%) SQL Server
3 2,346 (20.99%) Finance
4 2,298 (20.56%) Azure
5 2,259 (20.21%) C#
6 2,235 (20.00%) Oracle
7 2,192 (19.61%) Microsoft
8 2,137 (19.12%) .NET
9 1,990 (17.81%) Java
10 1,983 (17.74%) Python
11 1,862 (16.66%) Business Intelligence
12 1,715 (15.35%) JavaScript
13 1,529 (13.68%) ETL
14 1,448 (12.96%) Data Warehouse
15 1,306 (11.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 1,300 (11.63%) Windows
17 1,285 (11.50%) DevOps
18 1,275 (11.41%) Analytics
19 1,268 (11.35%) AWS
20 1,154 (10.33%) Linux
21 1,141 (10.21%) Migration
22 1,116 (9.99%) Power Platform
23 1,097 (9.82%) Data Modelling
24 1,089 (9.74%) HTML
25 1,082 (9.68%) T-SQL
26 1,077 (9.64%) Power BI
27 1,049 (9.39%) Analytical Skills
28 1,036 (9.27%) Git (software)
29 1,007 (9.01%) Scrum
30 973 (8.71%) Problem-Solving

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 596 (5.33%) Apache Spark
2 424 (3.79%) Confluence
3 369 (3.30%) SharePoint
4 290 (2.59%) SAS
5 280 (2.51%) IIS
6 261 (2.34%) Apache
7 166 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
8 162 (1.45%) WebLogic
9 122 (1.09%) Tomcat
10 107 (0.96%) CMS
11 98 (0.88%) MS Exchange
12 92 (0.82%) WebSphere
13 87 (0.78%) Apache Airflow
14 83 (0.74%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 72 (0.64%) JBoss
16 64 (0.57%) BizTalk Server
17 60 (0.54%) Umbraco
18 47 (0.42%) Skype for Business
19 41 (0.37%) Oracle Workflow
20 40 (0.36%) ArcGIS
Applications
1 712 (6.37%) Microsoft Excel
2 279 (2.50%) Microsoft Office
3 88 (0.79%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 79 (0.71%) MS Visio
5 52 (0.47%) Spreadsheet
6 45 (0.40%) SPSS
7 36 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
8 19 (0.17%) Stata
9 14 (0.13%) FileZilla
10 11 (0.098%) InfoPath
11 8 (0.072%) Notepad++
12 6 (0.054%) Photoshop
13 3 (0.027%) Chatbot
14 2 (0.018%) GNU Octave
15 1 (0.009%) Sketch
15 1 (0.009%) S-PLUS
15 1 (0.009%) UXPin
15 1 (0.009%) Weka
15 1 (0.009%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 135 (1.21%) Dynamics CRM
2 102 (0.91%) Oracle EBS
3 67 (0.60%) Oracle Receivables
4 66 (0.59%) Oracle EBS R12
5 47 (0.42%) Dynamics AX
6 43 (0.38%) Dynamics NAV
6 43 (0.38%) Oracle Payables
7 31 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
8 28 (0.25%) Oracle Assets
9 27 (0.24%) Oracle ERP
9 27 (0.24%) Remedy ITSM
10 26 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
11 25 (0.22%) Oracle TCA
12 22 (0.20%) Siebel CRM
13 21 (0.19%) Markit EDM
14 20 (0.18%) NetSuite
15 19 (0.17%) Oracle Cash Management
16 18 (0.16%) Oracle Applications
17 17 (0.15%) assyst
17 17 (0.15%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 2,298 (20.56%) Azure
2 1,268 (11.35%) AWS
3 1,116 (9.99%) Power Platform
4 481 (4.30%) GCP
5 377 (3.37%) Office 365
6 300 (2.68%) GitHub
7 297 (2.66%) Serverless
8 277 (2.48%) PaaS
9 221 (1.98%) Azure Data Factory
10 202 (1.81%) SaaS
11 166 (1.49%) Amazon S3
12 155 (1.39%) IaaS
13 145 (1.30%) Dynamics 365
14 144 (1.29%) Azure Active Directory
15 109 (0.98%) AWS Lambda
16 107 (0.96%) Cloud Computing
17 106 (0.95%) Amazon EC2
18 102 (0.91%) Azure Functions
19 92 (0.82%) OpenShift
20 71 (0.64%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 239 (2.14%) DNS
2 210 (1.88%) Firewall
3 158 (1.41%) Internet
4 145 (1.30%) HTTP
5 136 (1.22%) TCP/IP
6 128 (1.15%) SAN
7 111 (0.99%) WAN
8 98 (0.88%) DHCP
8 98 (0.88%) LAN
9 76 (0.68%) FTP
10 67 (0.60%) VPN
11 64 (0.57%) SSL
12 53 (0.47%) Skype
13 41 (0.37%) HTTPS
13 41 (0.37%) Intranet
13 41 (0.37%) SMTP
13 41 (0.37%) SSH
14 40 (0.36%) NAS
15 32 (0.29%) Kerberos
16 31 (0.28%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 2,941 (26.32%) SQL Server
2 1,448 (12.96%) Data Warehouse
3 1,306 (11.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,077 (9.64%) Power BI
5 850 (7.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 835 (7.47%) Big Data
7 804 (7.19%) Relational Database
8 773 (6.92%) NoSQL
9 647 (5.79%) Oracle Database
10 591 (5.29%) PostgreSQL
11 575 (5.14%) Hadoop
12 535 (4.79%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 531 (4.75%) MySQL
14 516 (4.62%) Azure SQL Database
15 404 (3.61%) MongoDB
16 352 (3.15%) Data Lake
17 295 (2.64%) Apache Hive
18 280 (2.51%) RDBMS
19 267 (2.39%) DB2
20 263 (2.35%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 1,036 (9.27%) Git (software)
2 860 (7.70%) JIRA
3 722 (6.46%) Jenkins
4 437 (3.91%) Selenium
5 374 (3.35%) Visual Studio
6 332 (2.97%) Team Foundation Server
7 274 (2.45%) Cucumber
8 257 (2.30%) Visual Studio Team System
9 246 (2.20%) Maven
10 230 (2.06%) JUnit
11 229 (2.05%) TeamCity
12 159 (1.42%) Subversion
13 140 (1.25%) SpecFlow
14 136 (1.22%) Bitbucket
15 120 (1.07%) SoapUI
16 116 (1.04%) NUnit
17 107 (0.96%) JMeter
18 103 (0.92%) Octopus Deploy
19 99 (0.89%) Eclipse
20 98 (0.88%) Gradle
General
1 2,346 (20.99%) Finance
2 969 (8.67%) Banking
3 513 (4.59%) Public Sector
4 384 (3.44%) Retail
5 279 (2.50%) Front Office
6 272 (2.43%) Investment Banking
7 240 (2.15%) Marketing
8 193 (1.73%) Telecoms
9 173 (1.55%) Legal
10 118 (1.06%) Financial Institution
11 114 (1.02%) Back Office
12 108 (0.97%) Law
12 108 (0.97%) Manufacturing
13 75 (0.67%) Billing
13 75 (0.67%) Games
14 72 (0.64%) Publishing
15 69 (0.62%) Advertising
16 59 (0.53%) Retail Banking
17 40 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
18 39 (0.35%) Electronics
Job Titles
1 4,924 (44.06%) Developer
2 1,632 (14.60%) Analyst
3 1,013 (9.06%) SQL Developer
4 777 (6.95%) .NET Developer
5 613 (5.48%) Data Engineer
6 609 (5.45%) C# Developer
7 586 (5.24%) Java Developer
8 552 (4.94%) Architect
9 546 (4.89%) Data Analyst
10 473 (4.23%) Consultant
11 458 (4.10%) Business Intelligence Developer
12 449 (4.02%) DBA
13 403 (3.61%) Senior Developer
14 342 (3.06%) Full Stack Developer
15 304 (2.72%) C# .NET Developer
16 284 (2.54%) Python Developer
17 280 (2.51%) SQL Analyst
18 257 (2.30%) SQL DBA
19 249 (2.23%) DevOps Engineer
20 240 (2.15%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,137 (19.12%) .NET
2 1,089 (9.74%) HTML
3 914 (8.18%) AngularJS
4 907 (8.12%) CSS
5 822 (7.36%) XML
6 781 (6.99%) Web Services
7 644 (5.76%) REST
8 619 (5.54%) ASP.NET
9 585 (5.23%) Spring
10 575 (5.14%) JSON
11 516 (4.62%) .NET Framework
12 503 (4.50%) RESTful
13 491 (4.39%) React
14 417 (3.73%) SOAP
15 404 (3.61%) .NET Core
16 398 (3.56%) Kafka
17 395 (3.53%) Node.js
18 392 (3.51%) ASP.NET Web API
19 352 (3.15%) jQuery
20 346 (3.10%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,049 (9.39%) Analytical Skills
2 342 (3.06%) Greenfield Project
3 227 (2.03%) Data Structures
4 226 (2.02%) Enterprise Software
5 225 (2.01%) Management Information System
6 210 (1.88%) Algorithms
7 201 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
7 201 (1.80%) User Experience
8 167 (1.49%) Replication
9 161 (1.44%) Derivative
10 155 (1.39%) Clustering
11 129 (1.15%) Data Centre
12 128 (1.15%) NHS
13 121 (1.08%) Fixed Income
14 110 (0.98%) Public Cloud
15 103 (0.92%) Mobile App
16 100 (0.89%) Linux Command Line
17 97 (0.87%) Equities
18 96 (0.86%) Virtual Team
19 93 (0.83%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 1,300 (11.63%) Windows
2 1,154 (10.33%) Linux
3 861 (7.70%) Unix
4 476 (4.26%) Windows Server
5 193 (1.73%) Windows Server 2008
5 193 (1.73%) Windows Server 2012
6 143 (1.28%) Windows 10
7 119 (1.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 92 (0.82%) Android
9 86 (0.77%) Apple iOS
10 69 (0.62%) Windows 7
11 67 (0.60%) AIX
12 66 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
13 58 (0.52%) Solaris
14 54 (0.48%) CentOS
15 46 (0.41%) VMS
16 34 (0.30%) Ubuntu
17 26 (0.23%) OpenVMS
18 24 (0.21%) Mac OS
18 24 (0.21%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,392 (30.35%) Agile Software Development
2 1,862 (16.66%) Business Intelligence
3 1,529 (13.68%) ETL
4 1,285 (11.50%) DevOps
5 1,275 (11.41%) Analytics
6 1,141 (10.21%) Migration
7 1,097 (9.82%) Data Modelling
8 1,007 (9.01%) Scrum
9 973 (8.71%) Problem-Solving
10 941 (8.42%) Test Automation
11 936 (8.38%) TDD
12 783 (7.01%) Microservices
13 721 (6.45%) MVC
14 695 (6.22%) Continuous Integration
15 644 (5.76%) Data Science
16 636 (5.69%) Data Analysis
17 608 (5.44%) SDLC
18 578 (5.17%) Visualisation
19 559 (5.00%) Software Engineering
20 519 (4.64%) BDD
Programming Languages
1 2,259 (20.21%) C#
2 1,990 (17.81%) Java
3 1,983 (17.74%) Python
4 1,715 (15.35%) JavaScript
5 1,082 (9.68%) T-SQL
6 902 (8.07%) PL/SQL
7 845 (7.56%) PowerShell
8 394 (3.53%) Shell Script
9 369 (3.30%) R
10 363 (3.25%) Scala
11 312 (2.79%) TypeScript
12 305 (2.73%) VBA
13 287 (2.57%) C++
14 259 (2.32%) Perl
15 236 (2.11%) VB
16 216 (1.93%) Bash Shell
17 214 (1.91%) PHP
18 202 (1.81%) Java 8
19 200 (1.79%) VB.NET
20 196 (1.75%) C
Qualifications
1 871 (7.79%) Security Cleared
2 683 (6.11%) SC Cleared
3 670 (5.99%) Degree
4 163 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 156 (1.40%) ISTQB
6 154 (1.38%) Microsoft Certification
7 128 (1.15%) ISEB
8 113 (1.01%) DV Cleared
9 85 (0.76%) PhD
10 73 (0.65%) Master's Degree
11 71 (0.64%) MCSE
12 61 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
13 60 (0.54%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 57 (0.51%) MCSA
15 45 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
16 34 (0.30%) CCNA
16 34 (0.30%) ITIL Certification
17 33 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
18 32 (0.29%) MCITP
18 32 (0.29%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 444 (3.97%) QA
2 359 (3.21%) Data Quality
3 99 (0.89%) SLA
4 86 (0.77%) GDPR
5 35 (0.31%) MiFID
6 34 (0.30%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 29 (0.26%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 22 (0.20%) PMO
9 19 (0.17%) PCI DSS
10 15 (0.13%) Disclosure Scotland
11 14 (0.13%) EMIR
11 14 (0.13%) IFRS
12 13 (0.12%) NIST
13 11 (0.098%) HL7
14 10 (0.089%) Dodd-Frank
15 9 (0.081%) COREP
15 9 (0.081%) Cyber Essentials
15 9 (0.081%) IFRS 9
15 9 (0.081%) Solvency II
16 7 (0.063%) FINREP
System Software
1 691 (6.18%) Docker
2 626 (5.60%) Active Directory
3 265 (2.37%) VMware Infrastructure
4 116 (1.04%) Hyper-V
5 89 (0.80%) Oracle RAC
6 77 (0.69%) VMware ESXi
7 75 (0.67%) HDFS
7 75 (0.67%) Virtual Machines
8 66 (0.59%) vSphere
9 61 (0.55%) XenApp
10 35 (0.31%) XenDesktop
11 26 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
12 25 (0.22%) Virtual Servers
13 21 (0.19%) Apache Flume
14 20 (0.18%) Virtual Desktop
15 15 (0.13%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
16 14 (0.13%) VMware NSX
17 13 (0.12%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
17 13 (0.12%) VirtualBox
18 12 (0.11%) Citrix Hypervisor
Systems Management
1 435 (3.89%) Kubernetes
2 291 (2.60%) Ansible
3 242 (2.17%) SCCM
4 209 (1.87%) Terraform
5 155 (1.39%) Puppet
6 98 (0.88%) Opscode Chef
7 66 (0.59%) Single Sign-On
8 62 (0.55%) SCOM
9 61 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
10 60 (0.54%) Microsoft Intune
11 58 (0.52%) Oozie
12 52 (0.47%) Kibana
13 47 (0.42%) Control-M
14 46 (0.41%) Data Guard
15 45 (0.40%) Microsoft Clustering
16 38 (0.34%) WSUS
17 36 (0.32%) HP ALM
17 36 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
18 35 (0.31%) Grafana
19 33 (0.30%) Nagios
Vendors
1 2,235 (20.00%) Oracle
2 2,192 (19.61%) Microsoft
3 636 (5.69%) Tableau
4 439 (3.93%) VMware
5 428 (3.83%) Google
6 306 (2.74%) SAP
7 287 (2.57%) IBM
8 227 (2.03%) Citrix
9 226 (2.02%) Informatica
10 167 (1.49%) Salesforce.com
11 160 (1.43%) Cisco
12 148 (1.32%) HP
13 140 (1.25%) Databricks
14 113 (1.01%) Sybase
15 109 (0.98%) Cloudera
15 109 (0.98%) MuleSoft
16 99 (0.89%) Red Hat
17 91 (0.81%) Atlassian
18 87 (0.78%) MicroStrategy
19 86 (0.77%) Cognos