Period
to 21 January 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 January 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Jan 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12,792 12,520 15,511
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.95% 13.04% 14.37%
As % of the Programming Languages category 30.73% 31.90% 37.34%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,870 8,565 10,634
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £388 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +6.90% +3.57% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 244 275 303
UK median hourly rate £26.78 £33.00 £31.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.86% +4.76% +16.67%
10th Percentile £13.47 £14.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £49.06 £50.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £33.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -9.09% +1.54% +25.00%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41,625 39,249 41,541
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 42.16% 40.87% 38.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 29,361 26,941 28,216
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £308 £288 £275
90th Percentile £638 £600 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 750 863 1,065
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%
10th Percentile £16.61 £14.77 £14.13
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.00 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +15.38%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 January 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 January 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11,664 £438 +9.38% 4,928
London 0 6,362 £488 +8.33% 1,976
UK excluding London -1 6,267 £388 +6.90% 3,209
South East +1 1,888 £400 - 828
North of England -1 1,287 £375 +7.14% 889
Midlands -1 905 £375 +7.14% 548
North West -1 635 £375 +7.14% 517
South West -1 633 £400 +10.34% 324
Scotland -2 605 £375 +7.14% 174
East of England +1 571 £375 +7.14% 354
Yorkshire 0 545 £375 +7.14% 308
West Midlands -1 527 £375 +4.90% 324
East Midlands -1 369 £363 +7.41% 220
Wales +6 256 £369 -1.60% 74
Northern Ireland -3 132 £420 +13.06% 12
North East -4 128 £425 +21.43% 64
Isle of Man - 9 £400 - 6
Channel Islands +1 2 - -

For the 6 months to 21 January 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,834 (29.97%) Agile Software Development
2 3,714 (29.03%) SQL Server
3 3,119 (24.38%) Java
4 3,050 (23.84%) Finance
5 2,663 (20.82%) Oracle
6 2,633 (20.58%) C#
7 2,585 (20.21%) .NET
8 2,298 (17.96%) Microsoft
9 2,275 (17.78%) JavaScript
10 1,790 (13.99%) Business Intelligence
11 1,672 (13.07%) Linux
12 1,601 (12.52%) Banking
13 1,581 (12.36%) HTML
14 1,487 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
15 1,484 (11.60%) Windows
16 1,431 (11.19%) ETL
17 1,428 (11.16%) Unix
18 1,422 (11.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 1,392 (10.88%) Python
20 1,380 (10.79%) T-SQL
21 1,349 (10.55%) Data Warehouse
22 1,313 (10.26%) XML
23 1,269 (9.92%) TDD
24 1,258 (9.83%) Web Services
25 1,244 (9.72%) MVC
26 1,195 (9.34%) CSS
27 1,158 (9.05%) Test Automation
28 1,136 (8.88%) Git (software)
29 1,132 (8.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
30 1,120 (8.76%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 434 (3.39%) SharePoint
2 412 (3.22%) Apache Spark
3 359 (2.81%) IIS
4 341 (2.67%) SAS
5 303 (2.37%) Confluence
6 299 (2.34%) Apache
7 263 (2.06%) Tomcat
8 241 (1.88%) WebSphere
9 235 (1.84%) JBoss
10 229 (1.79%) Elasticsearch
11 206 (1.61%) WebLogic
12 177 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 154 (1.20%) CMS
14 135 (1.06%) MS Exchange
15 82 (0.64%) BizTalk Server
16 74 (0.58%) Apache Solr
17 68 (0.53%) Oracle Workflow
18 65 (0.51%) Apache Pig
19 50 (0.39%) Skype for Business
20 49 (0.38%) Umbraco
Applications
1 841 (6.57%) Microsoft Excel
2 308 (2.41%) Microsoft Office
3 165 (1.29%) MS Visio
4 135 (1.06%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 61 (0.48%) Spreadsheet
6 60 (0.47%) Microsoft Project
7 54 (0.42%) SPSS
8 12 (0.094%) Photoshop
8 12 (0.094%) Stata
9 7 (0.055%) Simulink
10 5 (0.039%) Adobe Illustrator
11 4 (0.031%) Acrobat
11 4 (0.031%) Mingle
11 4 (0.031%) OmniGraffle
11 4 (0.031%) RoboHelp
11 4 (0.031%) Snagit
12 3 (0.023%) InfoPath
12 3 (0.023%) SmartSuite
13 2 (0.016%) Fireworks
13 2 (0.016%) Weka
Business Applications
1 202 (1.58%) Dynamics CRM
2 130 (1.02%) Markit EDM
3 119 (0.93%) Oracle EBS
4 89 (0.70%) Dynamics AX
5 82 (0.64%) Oracle BPM
6 79 (0.62%) Oracle EBS R12
7 73 (0.57%) Oracle Receivables
8 60 (0.47%) Oracle Payables
9 43 (0.34%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 43 (0.34%) Oracle General Ledger
10 38 (0.30%) Oracle Assets
11 36 (0.28%) Oracle Financials
12 34 (0.27%) Oracle iProcurement
13 32 (0.25%) Unit4 Business World
14 31 (0.24%) Dynamics NAV
15 30 (0.23%) ION MarketView
15 30 (0.23%) Oracle Applications
16 24 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
16 24 (0.19%) Oracle Internet Expenses
17 23 (0.18%) Adobe Campaign
Cloud Services
1 985 (7.70%) Microsoft Azure
2 834 (6.52%) Amazon AWS
3 194 (1.52%) PaaS
4 177 (1.38%) Office 365
5 119 (0.93%) GitHub
5 119 (0.93%) IaaS
6 117 (0.91%) Google Cloud Platform
7 100 (0.78%) SaaS
8 89 (0.70%) Serverless
9 84 (0.66%) Cloud Computing
9 84 (0.66%) Dynamics 365
10 79 (0.62%) Slack
11 71 (0.56%) Amazon S3
12 70 (0.55%) Amazon EC2
13 55 (0.43%) Google Analytics
14 38 (0.30%) AWS Lambda
15 37 (0.29%) Azure Active Directory
16 36 (0.28%) Azure Data Factory
17 35 (0.27%) npm
18 34 (0.27%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 246 (1.92%) Firewall
2 186 (1.45%) TCP/IP
3 177 (1.38%) DNS
4 168 (1.31%) Internet
5 166 (1.30%) HTTP
6 149 (1.16%) SAN
7 105 (0.82%) DHCP
8 99 (0.77%) SMS
9 98 (0.77%) SSL
10 94 (0.73%) LAN
11 83 (0.65%) WAN
12 73 (0.57%) VPN
13 69 (0.54%) FTP
14 61 (0.48%) Network Security
15 48 (0.38%) NAS
15 48 (0.38%) Skype
16 44 (0.34%) Kerberos
16 44 (0.34%) VLAN
17 43 (0.34%) Intranet
18 42 (0.33%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,714 (29.03%) SQL Server
2 1,422 (11.12%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,349 (10.55%) Data Warehouse
4 1,132 (8.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,098 (8.58%) Relational Database
6 965 (7.54%) NoSQL
7 684 (5.35%) Big Data
8 672 (5.25%) Oracle Database
9 617 (4.82%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 615 (4.81%) Hadoop
11 597 (4.67%) MongoDB
12 570 (4.46%) MySQL
13 506 (3.96%) Power BI
14 494 (3.86%) RDBMS
15 461 (3.60%) PostgreSQL
16 458 (3.58%) SQL Server 2008
17 420 (3.28%) SQL Server 2012
18 310 (2.42%) SQL Server 2016
19 302 (2.36%) DB2
20 271 (2.12%) BusinessObjects
Development Applications
1 1,136 (8.88%) Git (software)
2 782 (6.11%) JIRA
3 706 (5.52%) Jenkins
4 504 (3.94%) Selenium
5 489 (3.82%) Team Foundation Server
6 474 (3.71%) Maven
7 440 (3.44%) JUnit
8 432 (3.38%) Visual Studio
9 400 (3.13%) Subversion
10 344 (2.69%) Cucumber
11 275 (2.15%) TeamCity
12 220 (1.72%) Eclipse
13 192 (1.50%) NUnit
14 163 (1.27%) Gradle
15 159 (1.24%) SoapUI
16 148 (1.16%) Ant
17 146 (1.14%) Mockito
18 121 (0.95%) IntelliJ
19 110 (0.86%) SpecFlow
20 107 (0.84%) WebDriver
General
1 3,050 (23.84%) Finance
2 1,601 (12.52%) Banking
3 568 (4.44%) Front Office
4 530 (4.14%) Investment Banking
5 371 (2.90%) Retail
6 354 (2.77%) Marketing
7 202 (1.58%) Telecoms
8 155 (1.21%) Legal
8 155 (1.21%) Manufacturing
9 140 (1.09%) Financial Institution
10 121 (0.95%) Back Office
11 109 (0.85%) Games
12 100 (0.78%) Publishing
13 96 (0.75%) Law
14 94 (0.73%) Advertising
15 91 (0.71%) Retail Banking
16 61 (0.48%) Electronics
17 59 (0.46%) Billing
18 57 (0.45%) Pharmaceutical
19 48 (0.38%) General Ledger
Job Titles
1 6,174 (48.26%) Developer
2 2,447 (19.13%) Analyst
3 1,372 (10.73%) SQL Developer
4 1,336 (10.44%) Java Developer
5 1,085 (8.48%) C# Developer
6 1,063 (8.31%) .NET Developer
7 617 (4.82%) Senior Developer
8 611 (4.78%) Data Analyst
9 571 (4.46%) C# .NET Developer
10 570 (4.46%) Consultant
11 504 (3.94%) Architect
12 488 (3.81%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 483 (3.78%) Business Analyst
14 464 (3.63%) DBA
15 410 (3.21%) SQL Analyst
16 398 (3.11%) Test Analyst
17 326 (2.55%) SQL DBA
18 322 (2.52%) Full Stack Developer
19 292 (2.28%) Support Analyst
20 270 (2.11%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,585 (20.21%) .NET
2 1,581 (12.36%) HTML
3 1,313 (10.26%) XML
4 1,258 (9.83%) Web Services
5 1,195 (9.34%) CSS
6 986 (7.71%) AngularJS
7 965 (7.54%) ASP.NET
8 963 (7.53%) Spring
9 834 (6.52%) REST
10 734 (5.74%) jQuery
11 649 (5.07%) RESTful
12 582 (4.55%) .NET Framework
13 575 (4.49%) JSON
14 567 (4.43%) SOAP
15 528 (4.13%) HTML5
16 496 (3.88%) ASP.NET MVC
17 468 (3.66%) Node.js
18 465 (3.64%) Hibernate
19 454 (3.55%) WCF
20 441 (3.45%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1,487 (11.62%) Analytical Skills
2 477 (3.73%) Computer Science
3 424 (3.31%) Greenfield Project
4 313 (2.45%) Data Structures
5 301 (2.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 281 (2.20%) Fixed Income
7 275 (2.15%) Management Information System
8 274 (2.14%) Equities
9 269 (2.10%) User Experience
10 264 (2.06%) Algorithms
11 262 (2.05%) Derivative
12 251 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
13 179 (1.40%) Replication
14 159 (1.24%) Mobile App
15 139 (1.09%) Credit Risk
16 136 (1.06%) Virtual Team
17 134 (1.05%) Fintech
18 132 (1.03%) Clustering
19 120 (0.94%) Market Risk
20 116 (0.91%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 1,672 (13.07%) Linux
2 1,484 (11.60%) Windows
3 1,428 (11.16%) Unix
4 498 (3.89%) Windows Server
5 253 (1.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 233 (1.82%) Windows Server 2012
7 210 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
8 121 (0.95%) Solaris
9 116 (0.91%) Android
10 105 (0.82%) Apple iOS
11 80 (0.63%) Windows 7
12 74 (0.58%) Windows 10
13 59 (0.46%) Windows Server 2003
14 55 (0.43%) AIX
15 49 (0.38%) Ubuntu
16 45 (0.35%) CentOS
17 37 (0.29%) Windows 8
18 31 (0.24%) Mac OS X
19 26 (0.20%) Windows Vista
20 25 (0.20%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,834 (29.97%) Agile Software Development
2 1,790 (13.99%) Business Intelligence
3 1,431 (11.19%) ETL
4 1,269 (9.92%) TDD
5 1,244 (9.72%) MVC
6 1,158 (9.05%) Test Automation
7 1,120 (8.76%) Scrum
8 1,032 (8.07%) Migration
9 1,016 (7.94%) Data Modelling
10 966 (7.55%) Analytics
11 874 (6.83%) Continuous Integration
12 791 (6.18%) DevOps
13 784 (6.13%) Data Analysis
14 783 (6.12%) SDLC
15 698 (5.46%) BDD
16 654 (5.11%) OO
17 610 (4.77%) Software Engineering
18 589 (4.60%) Unit Testing
19 580 (4.53%) Data Migration
20 502 (3.92%) User Acceptance Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,119 (24.38%) Java
2 2,633 (20.58%) C#
3 2,275 (17.78%) JavaScript
4 1,392 (10.88%) Python
5 1,380 (10.79%) T-SQL
6 1,061 (8.29%) PL/SQL
7 533 (4.17%) PowerShell
8 440 (3.44%) C++
9 433 (3.38%) Shell Script
10 406 (3.17%) VBA
11 376 (2.94%) Perl
12 342 (2.67%) Scala
13 339 (2.65%) R
14 260 (2.03%) VB.NET
15 256 (2.00%) PHP
16 234 (1.83%) C
17 229 (1.79%) Bash Shell
18 199 (1.56%) VB
19 173 (1.35%) Ruby
20 131 (1.02%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 867 (6.78%) Degree
2 727 (5.68%) Security Cleared
3 467 (3.65%) SC Cleared
4 182 (1.42%) Microsoft Certification
5 153 (1.20%) Computer Science Degree
6 145 (1.13%) DV Cleared
7 143 (1.12%) ISEB
8 137 (1.07%) ISTQB
9 98 (0.77%) MCSE
10 80 (0.63%) BPSS Clearance
11 78 (0.61%) Master's Degree
12 64 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 57 (0.45%) Numerate Degree
14 50 (0.39%) MCSA
15 43 (0.34%) MCITP
16 41 (0.32%) PhD
17 27 (0.21%) Cisco Certification
18 26 (0.20%) CISSP
18 26 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
18 26 (0.20%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 608 (4.75%) QA
2 442 (3.46%) Data Quality
3 150 (1.17%) MiFID
4 143 (1.12%) SLA
5 100 (0.78%) GDPR
6 51 (0.40%) Disclosure Scotland
7 43 (0.34%) EMIR
8 30 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 27 (0.21%) HL7
10 26 (0.20%) GCP
10 26 (0.20%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 23 (0.18%) PMO
12 22 (0.17%) PCI DSS
13 21 (0.16%) Dodd-Frank
13 21 (0.16%) IFRS
14 17 (0.13%) IFRS 9
14 17 (0.13%) Solvency II
15 10 (0.078%) Basel II
15 10 (0.078%) GxP
15 10 (0.078%) RosettaNet
System Software
1 582 (4.55%) Active Directory
2 352 (2.75%) Docker
3 277 (2.17%) VMware Infrastructure
4 111 (0.87%) Hyper-V
5 109 (0.85%) HDFS
6 91 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
7 80 (0.63%) vSphere
8 72 (0.56%) Apache Flume
9 54 (0.42%) Oracle RAC
9 54 (0.42%) XenApp
10 52 (0.41%) Virtual Machines
11 38 (0.30%) Virtual Servers
12 30 (0.23%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 20 (0.16%) Oracle Clusterware
13 20 (0.16%) XenDesktop
14 19 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
15 18 (0.14%) Terminal Services
16 16 (0.13%) NFS
17 13 (0.10%) XenServer
18 12 (0.094%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 299 (2.34%) Puppet
2 243 (1.90%) Ansible
3 215 (1.68%) Opscode Chef
4 146 (1.14%) SCCM
5 116 (0.91%) SCOM
6 101 (0.79%) HP Quality Center
7 87 (0.68%) Grafana
8 84 (0.66%) Kibana
9 76 (0.59%) Kubernetes
10 67 (0.52%) logstash
11 62 (0.48%) Control-M
12 55 (0.43%) Terraform
13 51 (0.40%) Hadoop YARN
14 48 (0.38%) Data Guard
14 48 (0.38%) Oozie
15 46 (0.36%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
16 44 (0.34%) Ambari
17 41 (0.32%) Oracle RMAN
18 38 (0.30%) Nagios
19 34 (0.27%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 2,663 (20.82%) Oracle
2 2,298 (17.96%) Microsoft
3 589 (4.60%) Tableau
4 448 (3.50%) VMware
5 366 (2.86%) IBM
6 353 (2.76%) SAP
7 317 (2.48%) HP
8 283 (2.21%) Sybase
9 199 (1.56%) Red Hat
10 197 (1.54%) Google
11 193 (1.51%) Citrix
12 192 (1.50%) Informatica
13 170 (1.33%) Salesforce.com
14 160 (1.25%) Cisco
15 148 (1.16%) Cognos
16 142 (1.11%) TIBCO
17 138 (1.08%) Splunk
18 126 (0.98%) Teradata
19 104 (0.81%) AppDynamics
20 99 (0.77%) Cloudera