Period
to 26 July 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 July 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
26 Jul 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 5 5 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 12761 14738 16729
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.40% 13.41% 14.83%
As % of the Programming Languages category 32.13% 34.62% 39.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 8705 10246 11164
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% -
10th Percentile £275 £263 £255
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £350
% change year-on-year +3.45% +3.57% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 264 337
UK median hourly rate £37.64 £28.50 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.05% +14.00% -15.97%
10th Percentile £13.21 £12.25 £14.88
90th Percentile £50.70 £46.75 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.50 £28.50 £27.50
% change year-on-year +38.60% +3.64% -

SQL is in the programming language skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills.

Contract Programming Language Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for programming language skills 39715 42567 42357
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 41.70% 38.74% 37.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 27248 29202 27979
UK median daily rate £448 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.29% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £625 £594 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 799 917 875
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £37.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.33% +7.14% +2.94%
10th Percentile £16.25 £13.71 £15.85
90th Percentile £53.75 £51.35 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.50 £37.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year +10.67% +7.14% +0.21%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 July 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 July 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 26 July 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11647 £425 +6.25% 2323
UK excluding London +1 6403 £375 +3.45% 1570
London -1 6167 £475 +5.56% 859
South East 0 1843 £388 +3.33% 403
North of England +1 1441 £375 +7.14% 501
Midlands -2 863 £350 -6.67% 223
North West +1 789 £375 +7.14% 279
South West +1 693 £375 +3.45% 182
Scotland +1 632 £388 +10.71% 80
East of England 0 592 £363 -0.68% 154
Yorkshire 0 528 £375 +1.35% 193
West Midlands -2 494 £373 -0.47% 134
East Midlands -4 357 £338 -3.57% 88
Northern Ireland -3 189 £402 +101.13% 5
Wales -2 169 £330 -2.22% 22
North East -1 131 £350 +9.38% 29
Channel Islands -3 1 £300 -28.36%

For the 6 months to 26 July 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3723 (29.17%) Agile Software Development
2 3522 (27.60%) SQL Server
3 3176 (24.89%) Finance
4 2883 (22.59%) Oracle
5 2867 (22.47%) Java
6 2567 (20.12%) C#
7 2533 (19.85%) .NET
8 2286 (17.91%) Microsoft
9 2149 (16.84%) JavaScript
10 1787 (14.00%) Business Intelligence
11 1728 (13.54%) Linux
12 1656 (12.98%) HTML
13 1629 (12.77%) Windows
14 1589 (12.45%) Banking
15 1580 (12.38%) Unix
16 1366 (10.70%) T-SQL
17 1360 (10.66%) Python
18 1345 (10.54%) MVC
19 1333 (10.45%) Data Warehouse
20 1324 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
21 1311 (10.27%) ETL
22 1299 (10.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 1276 (10.00%) CSS
24 1252 (9.81%) XML
25 1232 (9.65%) Relational Database
26 1229 (9.63%) Web Services
27 1218 (9.54%) TDD
28 1198 (9.39%) PL/SQL
29 1128 (8.84%) Scrum
30 1090 (8.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 435 (3.41%) SharePoint
2 354 (2.77%) SAS
3 334 (2.62%) Apache Spark
4 333 (2.61%) IIS
5 327 (2.56%) Apache
6 318 (2.49%) JBoss
7 254 (1.99%) Tomcat
8 249 (1.95%) WebSphere
9 239 (1.87%) WebLogic
10 226 (1.77%) Confluence
11 207 (1.62%) CMS
12 157 (1.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 149 (1.17%) Elasticsearch
14 129 (1.01%) MS Exchange
15 94 (0.74%) BizTalk Server
16 79 (0.62%) Oracle Workflow
17 77 (0.60%) Apache Solr
18 76 (0.60%) WebSphere Application Server
19 64 (0.50%) Skype for Business
20 59 (0.46%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 856 (6.71%) Microsoft Excel
2 363 (2.84%) Microsoft Office
3 172 (1.35%) MS Visio
4 109 (0.85%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 72 (0.56%) Spreadsheet
6 48 (0.38%) SPSS
7 35 (0.27%) Microsoft Project
8 28 (0.22%) Stata
9 9 (0.071%) InfoPath
10 7 (0.055%) Simulink
11 5 (0.039%) LaTeX
11 5 (0.039%) Photoshop
12 4 (0.031%) SmartSuite
13 3 (0.024%) Adobe Creative Suite
13 3 (0.024%) S-PLUS
14 2 (0.016%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.016%) EViews
14 2 (0.016%) Mingle
14 2 (0.016%) SPSS Modeler
14 2 (0.016%) Weka
Business Applications
1 278 (2.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 78 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
3 73 (0.57%) Markit EDM
4 69 (0.54%) Oracle EBS
5 48 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
6 43 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
7 40 (0.31%) Dynamics NAV
7 40 (0.31%) ION MarketView
8 33 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
8 33 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
9 32 (0.25%) SAP Hybris
10 30 (0.24%) Magento
10 30 (0.24%) Oracle Receivables
11 27 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
12 22 (0.17%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 21 (0.16%) Adobe Campaign
13 21 (0.16%) Unica
14 20 (0.16%) Oracle 11i
15 19 (0.15%) Oracle Payables
15 19 (0.15%) Oracle Retail
Cloud Services
1 780 (6.11%) Microsoft Azure
2 582 (4.56%) Amazon AWS
3 192 (1.50%) Office 365
4 149 (1.17%) GitHub
5 110 (0.86%) PaaS
6 99 (0.78%) IaaS
7 97 (0.76%) SaaS
8 86 (0.67%) Cloud Computing
9 60 (0.47%) Google Analytics
10 53 (0.42%) Google Cloud Platform
11 48 (0.38%) Dynamics 365
12 44 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
13 41 (0.32%) Amazon S3
14 40 (0.31%) Amazon EC2
15 37 (0.29%) Azure Data Factory
16 31 (0.24%) AWS Lambda
17 29 (0.23%) Adobe Analytics
18 25 (0.20%) Virtual Private Cloud
19 22 (0.17%) Slack
20 21 (0.16%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 245 (1.92%) Firewall
2 231 (1.81%) HTTP
3 214 (1.68%) DNS
3 214 (1.68%) TCP/IP
4 209 (1.64%) Internet
5 163 (1.28%) LDAP
6 135 (1.06%) SAN
7 126 (0.99%) SSL
8 105 (0.82%) DHCP
8 105 (0.82%) LAN
9 100 (0.78%) WAN
10 75 (0.59%) VPN
11 61 (0.48%) SSH
12 49 (0.38%) HTTPS
13 45 (0.35%) Network Security
14 44 (0.34%) NAS
15 37 (0.29%) Kerberos
15 37 (0.29%) Skype
16 36 (0.28%) VoIP
17 33 (0.26%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3522 (27.60%) SQL Server
2 1333 (10.45%) Data Warehouse
3 1299 (10.18%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1232 (9.65%) Relational Database
5 1090 (8.54%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 796 (6.24%) Oracle Database
7 713 (5.59%) NoSQL
8 641 (5.02%) MySQL
9 632 (4.95%) Big Data
10 617 (4.84%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 557 (4.36%) Hadoop
12 538 (4.22%) MongoDB
13 522 (4.09%) SQL Server 2012
14 510 (4.00%) SQL Server 2008
15 463 (3.63%) RDBMS
16 367 (2.88%) PostgreSQL
17 354 (2.77%) Power BI
18 327 (2.56%) Oracle Database 11g
19 306 (2.40%) BusinessObjects
20 299 (2.34%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1087 (8.52%) Git (software)
2 880 (6.90%) JIRA
3 810 (6.35%) Jenkins
4 627 (4.91%) Team Foundation Server
5 496 (3.89%) Visual Studio
6 446 (3.50%) Selenium
7 389 (3.05%) Maven
8 388 (3.04%) JUnit
9 313 (2.45%) Subversion
10 302 (2.37%) Cucumber
11 280 (2.19%) TeamCity
12 217 (1.70%) Eclipse
13 190 (1.49%) NUnit
14 148 (1.16%) Mockito
15 146 (1.14%) Ant
16 139 (1.09%) Talend Open Studio
17 132 (1.03%) SoapUI
18 114 (0.89%) SpecFlow
19 113 (0.89%) Oracle Forms
19 113 (0.89%) Toad
General
1 3176 (24.89%) Finance
2 1589 (12.45%) Banking
3 588 (4.61%) Investment Banking
4 569 (4.46%) Retail
5 561 (4.40%) Front Office
6 438 (3.43%) Marketing
7 260 (2.04%) Telecoms
8 209 (1.64%) Manufacturing
9 183 (1.43%) Financial Institution
10 167 (1.31%) Back Office
11 160 (1.25%) Legal
12 133 (1.04%) Advertising
13 124 (0.97%) Games
14 112 (0.88%) Electronics
15 94 (0.74%) Law
16 90 (0.71%) Publishing
17 87 (0.68%) Retail Banking
18 68 (0.53%) Billing
19 57 (0.45%) Automotive
20 56 (0.44%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6199 (48.58%) Developer
2 2507 (19.65%) Analyst
3 1382 (10.83%) SQL Developer
4 1218 (9.54%) Java Developer
5 1128 (8.84%) .NET Developer
6 943 (7.39%) C# Developer
7 608 (4.76%) Consultant
8 602 (4.72%) Senior Developer
9 598 (4.69%) Data Analyst
10 550 (4.31%) C# .NET Developer
11 505 (3.96%) DBA
12 479 (3.75%) Business Analyst
13 476 (3.73%) Architect
14 475 (3.72%) SQL Analyst
15 421 (3.30%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 403 (3.16%) Test Analyst
17 402 (3.15%) Oracle Developer
18 335 (2.63%) SQL DBA
19 308 (2.41%) Support Analyst
20 284 (2.23%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2533 (19.85%) .NET
2 1656 (12.98%) HTML
3 1276 (10.00%) CSS
4 1252 (9.81%) XML
5 1229 (9.63%) Web Services
6 1071 (8.39%) ASP.NET
7 962 (7.54%) Spring
8 932 (7.30%) AngularJS
9 764 (5.99%) REST
10 741 (5.81%) jQuery
11 605 (4.74%) JSON
12 580 (4.55%) .NET Framework
13 565 (4.43%) HTML5
14 562 (4.40%) SOAP
15 524 (4.11%) Hibernate
16 501 (3.93%) ASP.NET MVC
17 486 (3.81%) ASP.NET Web API
18 448 (3.51%) WCF
19 419 (3.28%) RESTful
20 370 (2.90%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 1324 (10.38%) Analytical Skills
2 442 (3.46%) Computer Science
3 375 (2.94%) Greenfield Project
4 343 (2.69%) Fixed Income
5 332 (2.60%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 299 (2.34%) Management Information System
7 274 (2.15%) Equities
8 265 (2.08%) Data Structures
9 258 (2.02%) Derivative
10 256 (2.01%) Algorithms
11 196 (1.54%) Enterprise Software
12 182 (1.43%) Clustering
13 172 (1.35%) User Experience
14 168 (1.32%) Mobile App
15 149 (1.17%) NHS
16 148 (1.16%) Data Centre
17 142 (1.11%) Replication
18 125 (0.98%) Client/Server
19 116 (0.91%) Credit Risk
20 115 (0.90%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 1728 (13.54%) Linux
2 1629 (12.77%) Windows
3 1580 (12.38%) Unix
4 492 (3.86%) Windows Server
5 271 (2.12%) Windows Server 2012
6 237 (1.86%) Windows Server 2008
7 185 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 139 (1.09%) Solaris
9 124 (0.97%) Android
10 114 (0.89%) Windows Server 2003
11 109 (0.85%) Apple iOS
11 109 (0.85%) Windows 7
12 105 (0.82%) Windows 10
13 81 (0.63%) AIX
14 51 (0.40%) CentOS
15 48 (0.38%) Mac OS X
16 46 (0.36%) Windows XP
17 41 (0.32%) Ubuntu
18 35 (0.27%) HPUX
19 32 (0.25%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3723 (29.17%) Agile Software Development
2 1787 (14.00%) Business Intelligence
3 1345 (10.54%) MVC
4 1311 (10.27%) ETL
5 1218 (9.54%) TDD
6 1128 (8.84%) Scrum
7 1067 (8.36%) Data Modelling
8 1056 (8.28%) Migration
9 1009 (7.91%) Test Automation
10 973 (7.62%) Analytics
11 868 (6.80%) Continuous Integration
12 827 (6.48%) Data Analysis
13 796 (6.24%) SDLC
14 755 (5.92%) OO
15 729 (5.71%) DevOps
16 600 (4.70%) Unit Testing
17 580 (4.55%) CRM
18 577 (4.52%) Software Engineering
19 542 (4.25%) Performance Tuning
20 501 (3.93%) E-Commerce
Programming Languages
1 2867 (22.47%) Java
2 2567 (20.12%) C#
3 2149 (16.84%) JavaScript
4 1366 (10.70%) T-SQL
5 1360 (10.66%) Python
6 1198 (9.39%) PL/SQL
7 582 (4.56%) PowerShell
8 511 (4.00%) Shell Script
9 495 (3.88%) C++
10 488 (3.82%) Perl
11 422 (3.31%) VBA
12 360 (2.82%) Scala
13 357 (2.80%) R
14 321 (2.52%) VB.NET
15 316 (2.48%) C
16 302 (2.37%) VB
17 260 (2.04%) PHP
18 227 (1.78%) Ruby
19 206 (1.61%) Bash Shell
20 106 (0.83%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 891 (6.98%) Degree
2 738 (5.78%) Security Cleared
3 504 (3.95%) SC Cleared
4 186 (1.46%) Computer Science Degree
5 171 (1.34%) ISTQB
6 168 (1.32%) ISEB
7 159 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
8 108 (0.85%) DV Cleared
9 84 (0.66%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 79 (0.62%) MCSE
11 61 (0.48%) Master's Degree
12 60 (0.47%) Numerate Degree
13 59 (0.46%) BPSS Clearance
14 48 (0.38%) PhD
15 46 (0.36%) MCITP
16 37 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
17 34 (0.27%) CISSP
18 32 (0.25%) CCNA
19 31 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
20 30 (0.24%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 568 (4.45%) QA
2 352 (2.76%) Data Quality
3 143 (1.12%) MiFID
4 95 (0.74%) SLA
5 64 (0.50%) Disclosure Scotland
6 62 (0.49%) EMIR
7 48 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
8 41 (0.32%) GDPR
9 40 (0.31%) PCI DSS
10 26 (0.20%) HL7
11 24 (0.19%) PMO
12 20 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 20 (0.16%) Solvency II
13 18 (0.14%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 17 (0.13%) IFRS
15 16 (0.13%) IFRS 9
16 14 (0.11%) ISO 20022
17 12 (0.094%) ISO 9001
17 12 (0.094%) WCAG
18 11 (0.086%) Basel III
System Software
1 554 (4.34%) Active Directory
2 306 (2.40%) Docker
3 252 (1.97%) VMware Infrastructure
4 158 (1.24%) Hyper-V
5 91 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
6 67 (0.53%) HDFS
6 67 (0.53%) Oracle RAC
7 66 (0.52%) vSphere
8 55 (0.43%) Virtual Machines
9 41 (0.32%) Apache Flume
10 40 (0.31%) NFS
11 37 (0.29%) XenApp
12 29 (0.23%) Microsoft App-V
13 26 (0.20%) Xen
14 25 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
15 20 (0.16%) KVM
15 20 (0.16%) XenDesktop
16 19 (0.15%) VMware Workstation
17 16 (0.13%) BitLocker
18 15 (0.12%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 245 (1.92%) Puppet
2 186 (1.46%) Ansible
3 180 (1.41%) Opscode Chef
4 147 (1.15%) SCCM
5 116 (0.91%) SCOM
6 100 (0.78%) HP Quality Center
7 69 (0.54%) Kubernetes
7 69 (0.54%) Nagios
8 58 (0.45%) logstash
8 58 (0.45%) Oracle RMAN
9 51 (0.40%) Control-M
10 50 (0.39%) Kibana
11 44 (0.34%) Grafana
12 42 (0.33%) Tivoli
12 42 (0.33%) WSUS
13 40 (0.31%) OpenView Configuration Management
14 39 (0.31%) Failover Clustering
14 39 (0.31%) Hadoop YARN
14 39 (0.31%) Microsoft Clustering
15 38 (0.30%) Terraform
Vendors
1 2883 (22.59%) Oracle
2 2286 (17.91%) Microsoft
3 429 (3.36%) VMware
4 413 (3.24%) SAP
5 409 (3.21%) Tableau
6 358 (2.81%) Sybase
7 313 (2.45%) IBM
8 308 (2.41%) HP
9 221 (1.73%) Red Hat
10 197 (1.54%) Informatica
11 192 (1.50%) Google
12 180 (1.41%) Citrix
13 159 (1.25%) Teradata
14 156 (1.22%) Cisco
15 148 (1.16%) Salesforce.com
16 139 (1.09%) Talend
17 123 (0.96%) Cognos
18 122 (0.96%) TIBCO
19 102 (0.80%) Bloomberg
20 101 (0.79%) ServiceNow
Solihull, West Midlands (County)
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Talent International
Rate: £450.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Leicester, Leicestershire
Uniting Ambition
Rate: Market related
Posted: 29 minutes ago
Preston, Lancashire
Agile Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
X4 Group
Rate: £300 - 350 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Midlands
onezeero.
Rate: £325 - £350 per day + Flexible working pattern
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 57 minutes ago
Northamptonshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Up to £420 per day
Posted: 6 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Apply Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day 6 months.
Posted: 8 hours ago
City, London
Harrington Starr
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £27000 - £31000 per annum
Posted: 12 minutes ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Rullion
Rate: £280 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicester, Leicestershire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £30.00 - £45.00 per hour
Posted: Yesterday
Bath, Avon
Talent International
Rate: £400 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Talent International
Rate: £425 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
Bath, Avon
Talent International
Rate: £425 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Northern Recruitment Group
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venture Up
Rate: From £450 to £525 per day
Posted: 10 hours ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 47 minutes ago
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Lithium3 Technology Recruitment Limited
Rate: Daily rate - dep. on experience / location
Posted: 23 hours ago
Brentwood, Essex
Peopleworks
Rate: From £26 to £26 per hour
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Agile Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
Bedfordshire
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: 56 minutes ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Talent International
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Resource Group
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago