Period
to 26 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 26 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
26 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13,095 11,929 14,222
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 12.90% 13.10% 13.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.96% 31.59% 35.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,027 8,158 9,898
UK median daily rate £430 £401 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.37% +0.13% +6.67%
10th Percentile £287 £265 £263
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £390 £370 £363
% change year-on-year +5.55% +1.93% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 227 243 247
UK median hourly rate £26.50 £40.00 £28.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -33.75% +40.35% +14.00%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.05 £12.65
90th Percentile £49.25 £50.00 £47.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £40.00 £28.00
% change year-on-year -40.00% +42.86% +9.80%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,707 37,760 40,602
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 43.06% 41.46% 38.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,564 25,903 27,776
UK median daily rate £463 £430 £418
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.56% +2.99% +4.38%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £405 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +4.52% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 793 814 950
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £41.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.61% +7.79% +10.00%
10th Percentile £16.89 £16.65 £14.11
90th Percentile £52.50 £55.78 £52.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £41.25 £38.50
% change year-on-year -3.03% +7.14% +10.00%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 26 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 26 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 11,921 £441 +6.97% 4,521
London +1 6,489 £480 +5.38% 1,755
UK excluding London -1 6,437 £390 +5.55% 3,083
South East -2 1,760 £400 +1.27% 774
North of England -1 1,509 £375 +7.14% 849
Midlands -1 1,014 £375 +7.14% 524
North West -1 800 £375 +7.14% 470
Scotland 0 732 £375 - 230
Yorkshire 0 580 £375 +4.17% 314
West Midlands +1 578 £375 +5.19% 255
South West -1 576 £398 +6.00% 323
East of England +1 562 £400 +10.34% 291
East Midlands +3 433 £375 +15.38% 262
Wales -1 185 £400 +23.08% 59
North East +6 136 £325 -7.14% 65
Northern Ireland -1 116 £431 +7.75% 28
Isle of Man - 9 £400 - 3
Channel Islands -4 2 - - 2

For the 6 months to 26 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3,909 (29.85%) Agile Software Development
2 3,700 (28.26%) SQL Server
3 3,259 (24.89%) Finance
4 3,070 (23.44%) C#
5 2,819 (21.53%) .NET
6 2,685 (20.50%) Java
7 2,582 (19.72%) Oracle
8 2,526 (19.29%) Microsoft
9 2,157 (16.47%) JavaScript
10 1,856 (14.17%) Business Intelligence
11 1,619 (12.36%) Python
12 1,606 (12.26%) Windows
13 1,576 (12.04%) Linux
14 1,481 (11.31%) HTML
15 1,473 (11.25%) ETL
16 1,424 (10.87%) Data Warehouse
17 1,414 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
18 1,395 (10.65%) Banking
19 1,378 (10.52%) Microsoft Azure
20 1,370 (10.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
21 1,357 (10.36%) T-SQL
22 1,323 (10.10%) Unix
23 1,308 (9.99%) TDD
24 1,286 (9.82%) Problem-Solving
25 1,263 (9.64%) Analytics
26 1,233 (9.42%) Test Automation
27 1,211 (9.25%) XML
28 1,196 (9.13%) MVC
29 1,173 (8.96%) CSS
30 1,158 (8.84%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 523 (3.99%) Apache Spark
2 383 (2.92%) SharePoint
3 341 (2.60%) SAS
4 331 (2.53%) Apache
5 311 (2.37%) IIS
6 299 (2.28%) Confluence
7 268 (2.05%) Elasticsearch
8 257 (1.96%) WebSphere
9 226 (1.73%) Tomcat
10 154 (1.18%) WebLogic
11 142 (1.08%) CMS
12 141 (1.08%) MS Exchange
13 135 (1.03%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 133 (1.02%) JBoss
15 87 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
16 80 (0.61%) Apache Pig
17 69 (0.53%) Apache Solr
18 68 (0.52%) BizTalk Server
19 62 (0.47%) nginx
19 62 (0.47%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 896 (6.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 326 (2.49%) Microsoft Office
3 155 (1.18%) MS Visio
4 127 (0.97%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 70 (0.53%) Spreadsheet
6 54 (0.41%) Microsoft Project
7 51 (0.39%) SPSS
8 24 (0.18%) Photoshop
9 18 (0.14%) Stata
10 7 (0.053%) InfoPath
11 6 (0.046%) Chatbot
12 5 (0.038%) AutoCAD
12 5 (0.038%) Autodesk Inventor
12 5 (0.038%) HipChat
12 5 (0.038%) Windchill
13 4 (0.031%) Adobe Illustrator
14 3 (0.023%) Acrobat
14 3 (0.023%) Adobe Creative Suite
14 3 (0.023%) InDesign
14 3 (0.023%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 177 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 115 (0.88%) Oracle EBS
3 80 (0.61%) Dynamics AX
4 75 (0.57%) Markit EDM
5 74 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
6 61 (0.47%) Oracle Receivables
7 56 (0.43%) Oracle Payables
8 46 (0.35%) Oracle General Ledger
9 44 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
10 39 (0.30%) Oracle Financials
11 37 (0.28%) thinkFolio
12 34 (0.26%) Unit4 Business World
13 29 (0.22%) Elite 3E
13 29 (0.22%) Oracle Applications
14 28 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 28 (0.21%) Dynamics NAV
14 28 (0.21%) NetSuite
14 28 (0.21%) Oracle Assets
15 25 (0.19%) Sonata
16 24 (0.18%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,378 (10.52%) Microsoft Azure
2 994 (7.59%) Amazon AWS
3 236 (1.80%) Office 365
4 184 (1.41%) PaaS
5 170 (1.30%) Google Cloud Platform
6 154 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
7 143 (1.09%) GitHub
8 117 (0.89%) SaaS
9 113 (0.86%) Google Analytics
10 111 (0.85%) IaaS
11 106 (0.81%) Amazon S3
12 103 (0.79%) Azure Data Factory
13 91 (0.69%) Serverless
14 89 (0.68%) Amazon EC2
15 81 (0.62%) Dynamics 365
16 77 (0.59%) Slack
17 42 (0.32%) npm
18 39 (0.30%) Adobe Analytics
19 38 (0.29%) Azure Active Directory
20 35 (0.27%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 242 (1.85%) Firewall
2 241 (1.84%) DNS
3 220 (1.68%) HTTP
4 183 (1.40%) Internet
5 159 (1.21%) TCP/IP
6 150 (1.15%) DHCP
7 141 (1.08%) SAN
8 136 (1.04%) SMS
9 95 (0.73%) VPN
10 92 (0.70%) LAN
11 91 (0.69%) FTP
12 79 (0.60%) SSL
13 78 (0.60%) WAN
14 52 (0.40%) Intranet
15 47 (0.36%) NAS
16 45 (0.34%) Skype
16 45 (0.34%) VLAN
17 40 (0.31%) Kerberos
18 39 (0.30%) Network Security
19 33 (0.25%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,700 (28.26%) SQL Server
2 1,424 (10.87%) Data Warehouse
3 1,370 (10.46%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1,148 (8.77%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 1,111 (8.48%) Relational Database
6 975 (7.45%) NoSQL
7 814 (6.22%) Big Data
8 723 (5.52%) MySQL
9 703 (5.37%) Hadoop
10 693 (5.29%) Power BI
11 669 (5.11%) PostgreSQL
12 644 (4.92%) Oracle Database
13 580 (4.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 547 (4.18%) MongoDB
15 389 (2.97%) SQL Server 2012
16 354 (2.70%) SQL Server 2008
17 346 (2.64%) Apache Hive
18 322 (2.46%) RDBMS
19 296 (2.26%) SQL Server 2016
20 287 (2.19%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,116 (8.52%) Git (software)
2 821 (6.27%) JIRA
3 731 (5.58%) Jenkins
4 578 (4.41%) Visual Studio
5 577 (4.41%) Selenium
6 523 (3.99%) Team Foundation Server
7 338 (2.58%) Cucumber
8 327 (2.50%) Maven
9 300 (2.29%) JUnit
10 291 (2.22%) TeamCity
11 284 (2.17%) Subversion
12 208 (1.59%) NUnit
13 199 (1.52%) Visual Studio Team System
14 185 (1.41%) SpecFlow
15 161 (1.23%) WebDriver
16 143 (1.09%) Eclipse
17 132 (1.01%) SoapUI
18 128 (0.98%) Gradle
19 115 (0.88%) Octopus Deploy
20 103 (0.79%) Mockito
General
1 3,259 (24.89%) Finance
2 1,395 (10.65%) Banking
3 502 (3.83%) Front Office
4 416 (3.18%) Investment Banking
5 392 (2.99%) Retail
6 315 (2.41%) Marketing
7 205 (1.57%) Telecoms
8 194 (1.48%) Legal
9 170 (1.30%) Back Office
10 152 (1.16%) Manufacturing
11 146 (1.11%) Financial Institution
11 146 (1.11%) Law
12 117 (0.89%) Games
13 110 (0.84%) Advertising
14 75 (0.57%) Publishing
15 65 (0.50%) Retail Banking
16 64 (0.49%) Billing
17 42 (0.32%) General Ledger
18 37 (0.28%) French Language
19 36 (0.27%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6,088 (46.49%) Developer
2 2,403 (18.35%) Analyst
3 1,222 (9.33%) C# Developer
4 1,180 (9.01%) SQL Developer
5 1,165 (8.90%) .NET Developer
6 1,002 (7.65%) Java Developer
7 624 (4.77%) C# .NET Developer
8 618 (4.72%) Senior Developer
9 607 (4.64%) Data Analyst
10 587 (4.48%) Consultant
11 498 (3.80%) Architect
12 459 (3.51%) DBA
13 434 (3.31%) Business Intelligence Developer
14 428 (3.27%) SQL Analyst
15 417 (3.18%) Test Analyst
16 414 (3.16%) Business Analyst
17 412 (3.15%) Data Engineer
18 368 (2.81%) Full Stack Developer
19 316 (2.41%) SQL DBA
20 307 (2.34%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2,819 (21.53%) .NET
2 1,481 (11.31%) HTML
3 1,211 (9.25%) XML
4 1,173 (8.96%) CSS
5 1,081 (8.26%) Web Services
6 1,073 (8.19%) AngularJS
7 1,042 (7.96%) ASP.NET
8 852 (6.51%) REST
9 741 (5.66%) Spring
10 666 (5.09%) jQuery
11 582 (4.44%) .NET Framework
12 546 (4.17%) JSON
13 540 (4.12%) ASP.NET MVC
14 513 (3.92%) Node.js
14 513 (3.92%) RESTful
15 500 (3.82%) ASP.NET Web API
16 493 (3.76%) SOAP
17 465 (3.55%) HTML5
18 450 (3.44%) WCF
19 432 (3.30%) React
Miscellaneous
1 1,414 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
2 472 (3.60%) Computer Science
3 457 (3.49%) Greenfield Project
4 313 (2.39%) User Experience
5 296 (2.26%) Algorithms
6 276 (2.11%) Derivative
7 265 (2.02%) Management Information System
8 258 (1.97%) Data Structures
9 257 (1.96%) Self-Motivation
10 252 (1.92%) Fixed Income
11 250 (1.91%) Enterprise Software
12 241 (1.84%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 191 (1.46%) Fintech
14 189 (1.44%) Replication
15 164 (1.25%) Clustering
16 151 (1.15%) Equities
17 150 (1.15%) Mobile App
18 134 (1.02%) Data Centre
19 130 (0.99%) Hedge funds
20 109 (0.83%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,606 (12.26%) Windows
2 1,576 (12.04%) Linux
3 1,323 (10.10%) Unix
4 597 (4.56%) Windows Server
5 257 (1.96%) Windows Server 2008
6 222 (1.70%) Windows Server 2012
7 181 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 152 (1.16%) Android
9 127 (0.97%) Apple iOS
10 124 (0.95%) Windows 7
11 117 (0.89%) Windows Server 2003
12 111 (0.85%) Windows 10
13 103 (0.79%) Solaris
14 93 (0.71%) AIX
15 67 (0.51%) CentOS
16 58 (0.44%) Ubuntu
17 41 (0.31%) VMS
18 36 (0.27%) Mac OS X
19 25 (0.19%) HPUX
20 23 (0.18%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,909 (29.85%) Agile Software Development
2 1,856 (14.17%) Business Intelligence
3 1,473 (11.25%) ETL
4 1,308 (9.99%) TDD
5 1,286 (9.82%) Problem-Solving
6 1,263 (9.64%) Analytics
7 1,233 (9.42%) Test Automation
8 1,196 (9.13%) MVC
9 1,158 (8.84%) Scrum
10 1,003 (7.66%) Migration
11 980 (7.48%) Data Modelling
12 893 (6.82%) Continuous Integration
13 889 (6.79%) DevOps
14 753 (5.75%) Data Analysis
15 740 (5.65%) BDD
16 715 (5.46%) SDLC
17 691 (5.28%) Software Engineering
18 650 (4.96%) OO
19 603 (4.60%) Microservices
20 584 (4.46%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,070 (23.44%) C#
2 2,685 (20.50%) Java
3 2,157 (16.47%) JavaScript
4 1,619 (12.36%) Python
5 1,357 (10.36%) T-SQL
6 1,148 (8.77%) PL/SQL
7 624 (4.77%) PowerShell
8 470 (3.59%) C++
9 428 (3.27%) VBA
10 425 (3.25%) Scala
11 418 (3.19%) Shell Script
12 394 (3.01%) R
13 334 (2.55%) VB.NET
14 328 (2.50%) Java 8
15 277 (2.12%) Perl
16 276 (2.11%) Bash Shell
17 249 (1.90%) PHP
18 248 (1.89%) Ruby
19 245 (1.87%) VB
20 237 (1.81%) C
Qualifications
1 849 (6.48%) Degree
2 822 (6.28%) Security Cleared
3 586 (4.47%) SC Cleared
4 178 (1.36%) ISTQB
5 175 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 164 (1.25%) Microsoft Certification
7 151 (1.15%) DV Cleared
8 109 (0.83%) ISEB
9 77 (0.59%) Master's Degree
10 76 (0.58%) MCSE
11 74 (0.57%) BPSS Clearance
12 65 (0.50%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 52 (0.40%) MCSA
14 50 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
15 40 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
16 39 (0.30%) PhD
17 34 (0.26%) MCITP
18 32 (0.24%) ITIL Certification
19 29 (0.22%) CCNA
19 29 (0.22%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 607 (4.64%) QA
2 433 (3.31%) Data Quality
3 185 (1.41%) GDPR
4 111 (0.85%) SLA
5 71 (0.54%) GCP
6 67 (0.51%) MiFID
7 56 (0.43%) PMO
8 51 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
9 25 (0.19%) EMIR
10 24 (0.18%) IFRS
11 23 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
12 22 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 20 (0.15%) IFRS 9
14 16 (0.12%) HMG Security Policy Framework
14 16 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
15 14 (0.11%) HL7
16 12 (0.092%) PCI DSS
17 11 (0.084%) Solvency II
18 9 (0.069%) SEPA
19 8 (0.061%) WCAG
System Software
1 584 (4.46%) Active Directory
2 484 (3.70%) Docker
3 296 (2.26%) VMware Infrastructure
4 211 (1.61%) Hyper-V
5 122 (0.93%) VMware ESXi
6 106 (0.81%) HDFS
7 76 (0.58%) Apache Flume
8 71 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
9 67 (0.51%) XenApp
10 64 (0.49%) vSphere
11 45 (0.34%) XenDesktop
12 43 (0.33%) Oracle RAC
12 43 (0.33%) Virtual Desktop
13 37 (0.28%) Microsoft App-V
14 35 (0.27%) XenServer
15 22 (0.17%) Xen
16 21 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
17 18 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
18 14 (0.11%) NFS
18 14 (0.11%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 266 (2.03%) Puppet
2 232 (1.77%) Ansible
3 206 (1.57%) Opscode Chef
4 193 (1.47%) SCCM
5 138 (1.05%) Kubernetes
6 132 (1.01%) Terraform
7 113 (0.86%) Oozie
8 107 (0.82%) HP ALM
9 105 (0.80%) SCOM
10 98 (0.75%) HP Quality Center
11 71 (0.54%) Kibana
12 69 (0.53%) Grafana
12 69 (0.53%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 59 (0.45%) McAfee ePO
14 54 (0.41%) Single Sign-On
15 47 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
16 46 (0.35%) logstash
17 43 (0.33%) Microsoft Clustering
18 41 (0.31%) Data Guard
19 40 (0.31%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,582 (19.72%) Oracle
2 2,526 (19.29%) Microsoft
3 542 (4.14%) Tableau
4 461 (3.52%) VMware
5 377 (2.88%) SAP
6 368 (2.81%) IBM
7 297 (2.27%) Google
8 280 (2.14%) HP
9 276 (2.11%) Citrix
10 225 (1.72%) Informatica
11 192 (1.47%) Cisco
11 192 (1.47%) Red Hat
12 188 (1.44%) Salesforce.com
13 166 (1.27%) Teradata
14 165 (1.26%) Cognos
15 145 (1.11%) Sybase
16 124 (0.95%) Splunk
17 113 (0.86%) Cloudera
17 113 (0.86%) McAfee
18 105 (0.80%) TIBCO