Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 6 6 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 -1 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13,621 13,022 14,123
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.25% 13.25% 13.33%
As % of the Programming Languages category 29.77% 31.65% 33.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,496 8,901 9,698
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +5.26%
10th Percentile £300 £285 £263
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £355
% change year-on-year +6.67% +5.63% +1.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 186 238 299
UK median hourly rate £24.04 £27.16 £29.88
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.49% -9.10% +12.75%
10th Percentile £11.99 £12.75 £12.20
90th Percentile £55.50 £52.65 £47.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.67 £30.00 £31.25
% change year-on-year -24.45% -4.00% +11.11%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 45,748 41,144 42,184
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 44.50% 41.88% 39.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,179 28,407 28,998
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £280
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 716 768 908
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £16.25 £15.79 £14.00
90th Percentile £52.50 £53.75 £51.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.67% +1.35%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 12,386 £450 +5.88% 4,773
UK excluding London -1 7,002 £400 +6.67% 3,513
London +2 6,455 £500 +5.26% 1,603
South East -1 1,945 £420 +9.09% 854
North of England -2 1,593 £375 - 977
Midlands +1 1,044 £388 +10.71% 622
Scotland 0 814 £394 +1.61% 204
North West 0 807 £375 - 504
South West -1 741 £400 +6.67% 401
Yorkshire -1 638 £400 +6.67% 385
West Midlands +1 635 £388 +5.08% 354
East of England -1 587 £411 +11.73% 321
East Midlands +6 405 £388 +10.71% 267
Wales -6 202 £420 +19.23% 100
North East +2 149 £350 -6.67% 88
Northern Ireland +3 82 £431 +4.48% 37
Channel Islands 0 4 £425 +41.67% 3
Isle of Man - 4 £345 -

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 4,301 (31.58%) Agile Software Development
2 3,986 (29.26%) SQL Server
3 3,456 (25.37%) C#
4 3,231 (23.72%) .NET
5 3,194 (23.45%) Finance
6 2,847 (20.90%) Oracle
7 2,765 (20.30%) Java
8 2,674 (19.63%) Microsoft
9 2,308 (16.94%) JavaScript
10 1,860 (13.66%) Business Intelligence
11 1,809 (13.28%) Microsoft Azure
12 1,800 (13.21%) Python
13 1,786 (13.11%) Windows
14 1,661 (12.19%) Linux
15 1,553 (11.40%) HTML
16 1,525 (11.20%) TDD
17 1,522 (11.17%) T-SQL
18 1,506 (11.06%) ETL
19 1,448 (10.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
20 1,440 (10.57%) Data Warehouse
21 1,388 (10.19%) Scrum
22 1,350 (9.91%) Test Automation
23 1,348 (9.90%) Banking
23 1,348 (9.90%) Unix
24 1,340 (9.84%) Analytics
25 1,335 (9.80%) MVC
26 1,314 (9.65%) Git (software)
27 1,286 (9.44%) ASP.NET
28 1,281 (9.40%) XML
29 1,267 (9.30%) Analytical Skills

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 514 (3.77%) Apache Spark
2 391 (2.87%) Apache
3 359 (2.64%) Confluence
4 335 (2.46%) IIS
5 333 (2.44%) SharePoint
6 310 (2.28%) SAS
7 256 (1.88%) WebLogic
8 250 (1.84%) Elasticsearch
9 240 (1.76%) Tomcat
10 216 (1.59%) WebSphere
11 191 (1.40%) CMS
12 167 (1.23%) MS Exchange
13 151 (1.11%) JBoss
14 110 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 91 (0.67%) Oracle Workflow
16 86 (0.63%) nginx
17 78 (0.57%) NServiceBus
18 72 (0.53%) BizTalk Server
18 72 (0.53%) Exchange Server 2010
19 56 (0.41%) Mule
Applications
1 850 (6.24%) Microsoft Excel
2 246 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
3 129 (0.95%) MS Visio
4 114 (0.84%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 62 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
6 58 (0.43%) Microsoft Project
7 41 (0.30%) SPSS
8 23 (0.17%) Photoshop
9 13 (0.095%) Chatbot
10 8 (0.059%) Adobe Illustrator
10 8 (0.059%) Stata
10 8 (0.059%) Windchill
11 6 (0.044%) Acrobat
11 6 (0.044%) AutoCAD
12 5 (0.037%) Autodesk Inventor
13 3 (0.022%) InfoPath
13 3 (0.022%) Mozilla Thunderbird
14 2 (0.015%) GNU Octave
14 2 (0.015%) Mathematica
15 1 (0.007%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 157 (1.15%) Dynamics CRM
2 103 (0.76%) Oracle EBS
3 78 (0.57%) Markit EDM
3 78 (0.57%) Oracle EBS R12
4 75 (0.55%) Dynamics AX
5 48 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
6 43 (0.32%) Oracle Payables
6 43 (0.32%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 41 (0.30%) thinkFolio
8 39 (0.29%) Remedy ITSM
9 37 (0.27%) Oracle BPM
10 36 (0.26%) Oracle Financials
11 32 (0.23%) Maximo
12 31 (0.23%) Oracle General Ledger
13 29 (0.21%) Sage 200
14 26 (0.19%) Oracle ERP
15 24 (0.18%) ION MarketView
16 23 (0.17%) Dynamics NAV
16 23 (0.17%) Oracle Applications
16 23 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
Cloud Services
1 1,809 (13.28%) Microsoft Azure
2 1,181 (8.67%) Amazon AWS
3 290 (2.13%) Office 365
4 261 (1.92%) Google Cloud Platform
5 242 (1.78%) PaaS
6 223 (1.64%) GitHub
7 208 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
8 196 (1.44%) Amazon S3
9 180 (1.32%) IaaS
10 164 (1.20%) SaaS
11 145 (1.06%) Cloud Computing
12 133 (0.98%) Azure Data Factory
13 124 (0.91%) Google Analytics
14 122 (0.90%) Dynamics 365
15 113 (0.83%) Serverless
16 101 (0.74%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 95 (0.70%) Amazon EMR
18 94 (0.69%) Azure Active Directory
19 79 (0.58%) npm
20 60 (0.44%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 280 (2.06%) Firewall
2 243 (1.78%) HTTP
3 214 (1.57%) DNS
4 194 (1.42%) TCP/IP
5 187 (1.37%) Internet
6 136 (1.00%) SSL
7 134 (0.98%) SAN
8 125 (0.92%) DHCP
9 114 (0.84%) LAN
10 87 (0.64%) WAN
11 81 (0.59%) VPN
12 79 (0.58%) SMS
13 58 (0.43%) FTP
14 51 (0.37%) AMQP
15 47 (0.35%) Kerberos
15 47 (0.35%) VLAN
16 44 (0.32%) NAS
17 42 (0.31%) Intranet
18 39 (0.29%) Skype
19 37 (0.27%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3,986 (29.26%) SQL Server
2 1,448 (10.63%) SQL Server Integration Services
3 1,440 (10.57%) Data Warehouse
4 1,176 (8.63%) Relational Database
5 1,103 (8.10%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 1,085 (7.97%) NoSQL
7 820 (6.02%) Big Data
8 744 (5.46%) Power BI
9 694 (5.10%) MySQL
10 680 (4.99%) Hadoop
11 664 (4.87%) PostgreSQL
12 622 (4.57%) MongoDB
13 619 (4.54%) Oracle Database
14 570 (4.18%) SQL Server Analysis Services
15 398 (2.92%) RDBMS
16 370 (2.72%) SQL Server 2012
17 360 (2.64%) SQL Server 2008
18 352 (2.58%) Azure SQL Database
19 349 (2.56%) Apache Hive
20 309 (2.27%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 1,314 (9.65%) Git (software)
2 1,023 (7.51%) JIRA
3 870 (6.39%) Jenkins
4 609 (4.47%) Selenium
5 600 (4.40%) Visual Studio
6 580 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
7 416 (3.05%) Cucumber
8 383 (2.81%) Maven
9 362 (2.66%) TeamCity
10 341 (2.50%) Subversion
11 339 (2.49%) JUnit
12 292 (2.14%) Visual Studio Team System
13 241 (1.77%) SpecFlow
14 202 (1.48%) NUnit
15 191 (1.40%) Eclipse
16 180 (1.32%) SoapUI
17 149 (1.09%) Bitbucket
18 147 (1.08%) Toad
19 142 (1.04%) JMeter
20 139 (1.02%) Octopus Deploy
General
1 3,194 (23.45%) Finance
2 1,348 (9.90%) Banking
3 618 (4.54%) Front Office
4 455 (3.34%) Retail
5 403 (2.96%) Investment Banking
6 338 (2.48%) Marketing
7 202 (1.48%) Telecoms
8 176 (1.29%) Back Office
9 171 (1.26%) Legal
10 166 (1.22%) Financial Institution
11 160 (1.17%) Advertising
12 158 (1.16%) Manufacturing
13 118 (0.87%) Law
14 79 (0.58%) Publishing
15 75 (0.55%) Games
16 58 (0.43%) General Ledger
17 55 (0.40%) Electronics
18 51 (0.37%) Retail Banking
19 39 (0.29%) Automotive
20 36 (0.26%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6,767 (49.68%) Developer
2 2,119 (15.56%) Analyst
3 1,447 (10.62%) .NET Developer
4 1,338 (9.82%) SQL Developer
5 1,332 (9.78%) C# Developer
6 1,011 (7.42%) Java Developer
7 672 (4.93%) C# .NET Developer
8 618 (4.54%) Senior Developer
9 588 (4.32%) Architect
10 582 (4.27%) Data Analyst
11 528 (3.88%) Consultant
12 459 (3.37%) Business Intelligence Developer
13 443 (3.25%) Test Analyst
14 431 (3.16%) Data Engineer
15 426 (3.13%) DBA
16 416 (3.05%) Full Stack Developer
17 349 (2.56%) SQL Analyst
18 332 (2.44%) Business Analyst
19 324 (2.38%) ASP.NET Developer
19 324 (2.38%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 3,231 (23.72%) .NET
2 1,553 (11.40%) HTML
3 1,286 (9.44%) ASP.NET
4 1,281 (9.40%) XML
5 1,228 (9.02%) CSS
6 1,218 (8.94%) Web Services
7 1,175 (8.63%) AngularJS
8 855 (6.28%) Spring
9 851 (6.25%) REST
10 790 (5.80%) .NET Framework
11 729 (5.35%) ASP.NET Web API
12 632 (4.64%) jQuery
13 610 (4.48%) ASP.NET MVC
14 556 (4.08%) JSON
15 555 (4.07%) SOAP
16 549 (4.03%) WCF
17 533 (3.91%) Node.js
18 514 (3.77%) RESTful
19 485 (3.56%) Entity Framework
20 484 (3.55%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 1,267 (9.30%) Analytical Skills
2 634 (4.65%) Greenfield Project
3 443 (3.25%) Computer Science
4 395 (2.90%) Fixed Income
5 287 (2.11%) Enterprise Software
6 264 (1.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 259 (1.90%) Derivative
8 257 (1.89%) Algorithms
9 254 (1.86%) Data Structures
10 246 (1.81%) Self-Motivation
11 241 (1.77%) Fintech
12 228 (1.67%) User Experience
13 206 (1.51%) Management Information System
14 182 (1.34%) Clustering
15 166 (1.22%) Mobile App
16 154 (1.13%) Replication
17 144 (1.06%) Equities
18 140 (1.03%) Data Centre
19 121 (0.89%) Hedge funds
20 118 (0.87%) Credit Risk
Operating Systems
1 1,786 (13.11%) Windows
2 1,661 (12.19%) Linux
3 1,348 (9.90%) Unix
4 669 (4.91%) Windows Server
5 225 (1.65%) Windows Server 2008
6 216 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
7 198 (1.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 133 (0.98%) Apple iOS
8 133 (0.98%) Windows 10
9 122 (0.90%) Windows 7
10 118 (0.87%) Android
11 117 (0.86%) AIX
12 114 (0.84%) Windows Server 2003
13 102 (0.75%) Solaris
14 68 (0.50%) CentOS
15 64 (0.47%) Ubuntu
16 45 (0.33%) VMS
17 29 (0.21%) OpenVMS
18 23 (0.17%) Windows XP
19 22 (0.16%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,301 (31.58%) Agile Software Development
2 1,860 (13.66%) Business Intelligence
3 1,525 (11.20%) TDD
4 1,506 (11.06%) ETL
5 1,388 (10.19%) Scrum
6 1,350 (9.91%) Test Automation
7 1,340 (9.84%) Analytics
8 1,335 (9.80%) MVC
9 1,193 (8.76%) Problem-Solving
10 1,070 (7.86%) Continuous Integration
11 1,019 (7.48%) DevOps
12 1,009 (7.41%) Migration
13 949 (6.97%) Data Modelling
14 865 (6.35%) BDD
15 816 (5.99%) Microservices
16 788 (5.79%) SDLC
17 732 (5.37%) OO
18 729 (5.35%) Software Engineering
19 688 (5.05%) Data Analysis
20 598 (4.39%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 3,456 (25.37%) C#
2 2,765 (20.30%) Java
3 2,308 (16.94%) JavaScript
4 1,800 (13.21%) Python
5 1,522 (11.17%) T-SQL
6 1,165 (8.55%) PL/SQL
7 704 (5.17%) PowerShell
8 542 (3.98%) Shell Script
9 453 (3.33%) C++
10 411 (3.02%) Scala
11 398 (2.92%) Perl
12 372 (2.73%) VBA
13 356 (2.61%) R
14 352 (2.58%) Java 8
15 325 (2.39%) PHP
16 301 (2.21%) Bash Shell
17 293 (2.15%) Ruby
18 289 (2.12%) VB.NET
19 275 (2.02%) VB
20 256 (1.88%) C
Qualifications
1 836 (6.14%) Security Cleared
2 747 (5.48%) Degree
3 628 (4.61%) SC Cleared
4 270 (1.98%) ISTQB
5 213 (1.56%) ISEB
6 171 (1.26%) Computer Science Degree
7 159 (1.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 111 (0.81%) DV Cleared
9 110 (0.81%) Microsoft Certification
10 57 (0.42%) BPSS Clearance
11 53 (0.39%) MCSE
12 48 (0.35%) Master's Degree
13 47 (0.35%) PhD
14 38 (0.28%) Numerate Degree
15 33 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
16 31 (0.23%) ITIL Certification
17 27 (0.20%) MCSA
17 27 (0.20%) Oracle Certification
18 26 (0.19%) CCNA
19 24 (0.18%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 621 (4.56%) QA
2 454 (3.33%) Data Quality
3 167 (1.23%) GDPR
4 95 (0.70%) SLA
5 53 (0.39%) PMO
6 38 (0.28%) MiFID
7 24 (0.18%) IFRS
8 19 (0.14%) Disclosure Scotland
9 18 (0.13%) EMIR
10 17 (0.12%) IFRS 9
11 15 (0.11%) Dodd-Frank
11 15 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 13 (0.095%) Solvency II
13 12 (0.088%) FINRA
13 12 (0.088%) PCI DSS
14 11 (0.081%) HL7
15 10 (0.073%) Basel III
15 10 (0.073%) Sarbanes-Oxley
16 9 (0.066%) WCAG
17 7 (0.051%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 622 (4.57%) Active Directory
2 615 (4.52%) Docker
3 336 (2.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 244 (1.79%) Hyper-V
5 116 (0.85%) HDFS
5 116 (0.85%) VMware ESXi
6 88 (0.65%) vSphere
6 88 (0.65%) XenApp
7 71 (0.52%) Virtual Machines
8 69 (0.51%) Oracle RAC
9 65 (0.48%) Microsoft App-V
10 46 (0.34%) XenDesktop
11 38 (0.28%) Virtual Desktop
12 31 (0.23%) Apache Flume
13 22 (0.16%) Xen
14 19 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 19 (0.14%) XenServer
15 17 (0.12%) etcd
16 16 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
17 14 (0.10%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 327 (2.40%) Ansible
2 294 (2.16%) Puppet
3 269 (1.97%) Opscode Chef
4 243 (1.78%) Kubernetes
5 210 (1.54%) SCCM
6 137 (1.01%) Terraform
7 118 (0.87%) SCOM
8 97 (0.71%) Kibana
9 96 (0.70%) Oozie
10 89 (0.65%) HP ALM
11 78 (0.57%) Hadoop YARN
11 78 (0.57%) Microsoft Clustering
12 73 (0.54%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
13 67 (0.49%) Single Sign-On
14 63 (0.46%) Grafana
15 62 (0.46%) HP Quality Center
16 54 (0.40%) McAfee ePO
17 53 (0.39%) Data Guard
18 48 (0.35%) NetBackup
19 47 (0.35%) WSUS
Vendors
1 2,847 (20.90%) Oracle
2 2,674 (19.63%) Microsoft
3 538 (3.95%) Tableau
4 531 (3.90%) VMware
5 422 (3.10%) SAP
6 409 (3.00%) Google
7 349 (2.56%) IBM
8 283 (2.08%) Citrix
9 252 (1.85%) HP
10 206 (1.51%) Informatica
11 178 (1.31%) Red Hat
12 162 (1.19%) Salesforce.com
13 157 (1.15%) Cisco
14 153 (1.12%) Teradata
15 144 (1.06%) Splunk
16 143 (1.05%) webMethods
17 130 (0.95%) Cloudera
18 129 (0.95%) Sybase
19 117 (0.86%) Talend
20 110 (0.81%) TIBCO