Period
to 21 October 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 21 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
UK
6 months to
21 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 6 5 5
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 0
Contract jobs citing SQL 13118 14208 16779
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 13.21% 13.38% 14.70%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.49% 33.35% 38.52%
Number of daily rates quoted 9026 9784 11422
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £388
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +3.33%
10th Percentile £288 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £360 £350
% change year-on-year +4.17% +2.86% +2.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 238 296 334
UK median hourly rate £27.16 £29.44 £26.17
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.74% +12.50% +4.68%
10th Percentile £12.75 £12.88 £12.75
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £29.50 £28.31
% change year-on-year +1.69% +4.19% +13.25%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 41655 42605 43559
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 41.94% 40.12% 38.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 28934 29274 29458
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £306 £281 £264
90th Percentile £625 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £363
% change year-on-year +6.67% +3.45% +3.57%
Number of hourly rates quoted 783 907 987
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £36.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +2.74% +14.09%
10th Percentile £15.83 £14.20 £15.00
90th Percentile £53.00 £53.75 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.50 £37.50 £37.00
% change year-on-year +8.00% +1.35% +13.85%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing SQL as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing SQL.

Contractor daily rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL.

Contractor hourly rate trend for SQL in the UK

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing SQL over the 6 months to 21 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for SQL in the UK

SQL
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the UK over the 6 months to 21 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 11906 £429 +7.19% 1795
London -1 6577 £488 +8.33% 659
UK excluding London -3 6376 £375 +4.17% 1213
South East 0 1823 £400 +5.26% 330
North of England +2 1376 £375 +7.14% 364
Midlands -2 833 £370 +2.07% 206
Scotland 0 702 £388 +11.03% 57
North West 0 692 £388 +10.71% 185
South West -1 667 £375 +7.14% 110
East of England 0 598 £363 +3.57% 123
Yorkshire +1 557 £380 +4.47% 159
West Midlands -2 489 £375 +3.45% 100
East Midlands -5 331 £350 - 106
Wales +3 216 £363 -3.33% 18
Northern Ireland -5 176 £413 +13.79% 3
North East +2 147 £391 +18.56% 20
Channel Islands -2 2 £300 -28.36% 1

For the 6 months to 21 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for SQL.

1 3969 (30.26%) Agile Software Development
2 3620 (27.60%) SQL Server
3 3181 (24.25%) Finance
4 3155 (24.05%) Java
5 2751 (20.97%) Oracle
6 2650 (20.20%) C#
7 2591 (19.75%) .NET
8 2293 (17.48%) Microsoft
9 2248 (17.14%) JavaScript
10 1786 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
11 1782 (13.58%) Linux
12 1679 (12.80%) HTML
13 1673 (12.75%) Banking
14 1657 (12.63%) Windows
15 1541 (11.75%) Unix
16 1417 (10.80%) Python
16 1417 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
17 1416 (10.79%) ETL
18 1414 (10.78%) T-SQL
19 1369 (10.44%) Data Warehouse
20 1327 (10.12%) Web Services
21 1326 (10.11%) MVC
22 1282 (9.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
23 1274 (9.71%) TDD
23 1274 (9.71%) XML
24 1239 (9.45%) CSS
25 1184 (9.03%) Relational Database
26 1173 (8.94%) Git (software)
27 1160 (8.84%) Data Modelling
28 1149 (8.76%) Scrum

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 434 (3.31%) SharePoint
2 419 (3.19%) Apache Spark
3 350 (2.67%) IIS
4 337 (2.57%) SAS
5 298 (2.27%) Confluence
6 295 (2.25%) Apache
7 294 (2.24%) Tomcat
8 286 (2.18%) JBoss
9 226 (1.72%) WebSphere
10 216 (1.65%) WebLogic
11 182 (1.39%) Elasticsearch
12 172 (1.31%) CMS
13 162 (1.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 136 (1.04%) MS Exchange
15 90 (0.69%) Apache Solr
16 87 (0.66%) Oracle Workflow
17 76 (0.58%) BizTalk Server
18 54 (0.41%) Skype for Business
19 52 (0.40%) Umbraco
19 52 (0.40%) WildFly
Applications
1 858 (6.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 325 (2.48%) Microsoft Office
3 142 (1.08%) MS Visio
4 122 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 48 (0.37%) Spreadsheet
6 42 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 42 (0.32%) SPSS
7 19 (0.14%) Stata
8 12 (0.091%) Simulink
9 7 (0.053%) SmartSuite
10 6 (0.046%) Photoshop
11 5 (0.038%) InfoPath
12 4 (0.030%) Mingle
13 3 (0.023%) Adobe Illustrator
14 2 (0.015%) Acrobat
14 2 (0.015%) Fireworks
14 2 (0.015%) RoboHelp
14 2 (0.015%) Snagit
15 1 (0.008%) InDesign
15 1 (0.008%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 260 (1.98%) Dynamics CRM
2 147 (1.12%) Markit EDM
3 94 (0.72%) Oracle EBS
4 89 (0.68%) Dynamics AX
5 69 (0.53%) Oracle EBS R12
6 57 (0.43%) Oracle BPM
7 52 (0.40%) ION MarketView
8 50 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
9 38 (0.29%) Oracle Payables
10 35 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
11 31 (0.24%) Unit4 Business World
12 29 (0.22%) Magento
13 28 (0.21%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 28 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
13 28 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
14 27 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
15 25 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
16 23 (0.18%) Oracle Cash Management
16 23 (0.18%) Oracle iProcurement
17 22 (0.17%) Oracle General Ledger
Cloud Services
1 849 (6.47%) Microsoft Azure
2 787 (6.00%) Amazon AWS
3 173 (1.32%) PaaS
4 170 (1.30%) Office 365
5 140 (1.07%) GitHub
6 106 (0.81%) SaaS
7 104 (0.79%) Serverless
8 102 (0.78%) IaaS
9 80 (0.61%) Cloud Computing
10 73 (0.56%) Google Cloud Platform
11 68 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
12 66 (0.50%) Amazon S3
13 65 (0.50%) npm
14 64 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
15 53 (0.40%) AWS Lambda
16 46 (0.35%) Google Analytics
17 44 (0.34%) Azure Active Directory
18 40 (0.30%) Slack
19 38 (0.29%) OpenShift
20 37 (0.28%) Amazon EMR
Communications & Networking
1 294 (2.24%) Firewall
2 209 (1.59%) TCP/IP
3 197 (1.50%) DNS
4 188 (1.43%) HTTP
5 181 (1.38%) Internet
6 163 (1.24%) LDAP
6 163 (1.24%) SAN
7 129 (0.98%) LAN
8 125 (0.95%) SSL
9 113 (0.86%) WAN
10 95 (0.72%) DHCP
11 72 (0.55%) SSH
12 68 (0.52%) SMS
13 66 (0.50%) Network Security
14 65 (0.50%) VPN
15 52 (0.40%) FTP
16 50 (0.38%) Kerberos
17 46 (0.35%) NAS
18 45 (0.34%) VLAN
18 45 (0.34%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 3620 (27.60%) SQL Server
2 1369 (10.44%) Data Warehouse
3 1282 (9.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 1184 (9.03%) Relational Database
5 1012 (7.71%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 976 (7.44%) NoSQL
7 702 (5.35%) Oracle Database
8 684 (5.21%) Big Data
9 625 (4.76%) MongoDB
10 618 (4.71%) Hadoop
11 600 (4.57%) SQL Server Analysis Services
12 584 (4.45%) MySQL
13 554 (4.22%) RDBMS
14 465 (3.54%) SQL Server 2008
15 447 (3.41%) SQL Server 2012
16 423 (3.22%) PostgreSQL
17 386 (2.94%) Power BI
18 322 (2.45%) DB2
19 289 (2.20%) BusinessObjects
20 273 (2.08%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 1173 (8.94%) Git (software)
2 891 (6.79%) JIRA
3 759 (5.79%) Jenkins
4 601 (4.58%) Team Foundation Server
5 484 (3.69%) Visual Studio
6 471 (3.59%) Maven
7 410 (3.13%) JUnit
8 402 (3.06%) Selenium
9 388 (2.96%) Subversion
10 288 (2.20%) Cucumber
11 269 (2.05%) TeamCity
12 217 (1.65%) Eclipse
13 205 (1.56%) NUnit
14 151 (1.15%) SoapUI
15 148 (1.13%) Mockito
16 138 (1.05%) Ant
17 127 (0.97%) IntelliJ
18 113 (0.86%) JMeter
19 111 (0.85%) Gradle
20 110 (0.84%) SpecFlow
General
1 3181 (24.25%) Finance
2 1673 (12.75%) Banking
3 662 (5.05%) Investment Banking
4 624 (4.76%) Front Office
5 510 (3.89%) Retail
6 389 (2.97%) Marketing
7 247 (1.88%) Telecoms
8 193 (1.47%) Manufacturing
9 170 (1.30%) Legal
10 169 (1.29%) Financial Institution
11 145 (1.11%) Back Office
12 134 (1.02%) Games
13 119 (0.91%) Retail Banking
14 110 (0.84%) Publishing
15 106 (0.81%) Advertising
16 103 (0.79%) Electronics
17 79 (0.60%) Law
18 78 (0.59%) Pharmaceutical
19 55 (0.42%) Billing
20 48 (0.37%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 6398 (48.77%) Developer
2 2548 (19.42%) Analyst
3 1416 (10.79%) SQL Developer
4 1336 (10.18%) Java Developer
5 1124 (8.57%) .NET Developer
6 1029 (7.84%) C# Developer
7 688 (5.24%) Senior Developer
8 663 (5.05%) Data Analyst
9 587 (4.47%) Consultant
10 548 (4.18%) C# .NET Developer
11 529 (4.03%) Business Analyst
12 482 (3.67%) DBA
13 479 (3.65%) Architect
14 441 (3.36%) SQL Analyst
15 424 (3.23%) Business Intelligence Developer
16 386 (2.94%) Test Analyst
17 315 (2.40%) SQL DBA
18 310 (2.36%) Support Analyst
19 309 (2.36%) Applications Support
20 305 (2.33%) Oracle Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 2591 (19.75%) .NET
2 1679 (12.80%) HTML
3 1327 (10.12%) Web Services
4 1274 (9.71%) XML
5 1239 (9.45%) CSS
6 1048 (7.99%) ASP.NET
7 1025 (7.81%) Spring
8 1020 (7.78%) AngularJS
9 756 (5.76%) REST
10 722 (5.50%) jQuery
11 618 (4.71%) JSON
12 601 (4.58%) .NET Framework
13 588 (4.48%) RESTful
14 560 (4.27%) HTML5
15 540 (4.12%) SOAP
16 536 (4.09%) Hibernate
17 528 (4.03%) ASP.NET MVC
18 485 (3.70%) WCF
19 480 (3.66%) Node.js
20 471 (3.59%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 1417 (10.80%) Analytical Skills
2 469 (3.58%) Computer Science
3 412 (3.14%) Greenfield Project
4 358 (2.73%) Fixed Income
5 343 (2.61%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 337 (2.57%) Data Structures
7 330 (2.52%) Equities
8 323 (2.46%) Management Information System
9 308 (2.35%) Derivative
10 278 (2.12%) Algorithms
11 229 (1.75%) User Experience
12 215 (1.64%) Enterprise Software
13 187 (1.43%) Mobile App
14 159 (1.21%) Replication
15 154 (1.17%) Virtual Team
16 145 (1.11%) Clustering
17 144 (1.10%) Credit Risk
18 142 (1.08%) NHS
19 136 (1.04%) Market Risk
20 129 (0.98%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 1782 (13.58%) Linux
2 1657 (12.63%) Windows
3 1541 (11.75%) Unix
4 488 (3.72%) Windows Server
5 251 (1.91%) Windows Server 2012
6 229 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 211 (1.61%) Windows Server 2008
8 132 (1.01%) Solaris
9 108 (0.82%) Android
10 100 (0.76%) Apple iOS
11 98 (0.75%) Windows 7
12 85 (0.65%) Windows 10
13 81 (0.62%) AIX
14 78 (0.59%) Windows Server 2003
15 58 (0.44%) CentOS
16 45 (0.34%) Ubuntu
17 43 (0.33%) Mac OS X
18 38 (0.29%) Windows 8
19 37 (0.28%) Windows XP
20 35 (0.27%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3969 (30.26%) Agile Software Development
2 1786 (13.61%) Business Intelligence
3 1416 (10.79%) ETL
4 1326 (10.11%) MVC
5 1274 (9.71%) TDD
6 1160 (8.84%) Data Modelling
7 1149 (8.76%) Scrum
8 1067 (8.13%) Migration
9 1026 (7.82%) Test Automation
10 975 (7.43%) Analytics
11 899 (6.85%) Continuous Integration
12 835 (6.37%) Data Analysis
13 833 (6.35%) SDLC
14 754 (5.75%) OO
15 717 (5.47%) DevOps
16 631 (4.81%) Software Engineering
17 610 (4.65%) Unit Testing
18 584 (4.45%) BDD
19 557 (4.25%) Data Migration
20 533 (4.06%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 3155 (24.05%) Java
2 2650 (20.20%) C#
3 2248 (17.14%) JavaScript
4 1417 (10.80%) Python
5 1414 (10.78%) T-SQL
6 1095 (8.35%) PL/SQL
7 545 (4.15%) PowerShell
8 512 (3.90%) Shell Script
9 496 (3.78%) C++
10 442 (3.37%) Perl
11 405 (3.09%) VBA
12 363 (2.77%) Scala
13 350 (2.67%) R
14 285 (2.17%) VB.NET
15 279 (2.13%) PHP
16 239 (1.82%) C
17 238 (1.81%) VB
18 209 (1.59%) Bash Shell
19 167 (1.27%) Ruby
20 121 (0.92%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 852 (6.49%) Degree
2 766 (5.84%) Security Cleared
3 504 (3.84%) SC Cleared
4 189 (1.44%) Computer Science Degree
5 170 (1.30%) Microsoft Certification
6 167 (1.27%) ISEB
7 142 (1.08%) ISTQB
8 117 (0.89%) DV Cleared
9 88 (0.67%) BPSS Clearance
10 86 (0.66%) MCSE
11 62 (0.47%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
12 61 (0.47%) Master's Degree
13 54 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
14 45 (0.34%) MCITP
15 35 (0.27%) PhD
16 34 (0.26%) Cisco Certification
16 34 (0.26%) MCSA
17 33 (0.25%) CISSP
18 29 (0.22%) CCNA
19 28 (0.21%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 560 (4.27%) QA
2 444 (3.38%) Data Quality
3 163 (1.24%) MiFID
4 134 (1.02%) SLA
5 69 (0.53%) GDPR
6 60 (0.46%) Disclosure Scotland
7 55 (0.42%) EMIR
8 29 (0.22%) HL7
9 27 (0.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 26 (0.20%) PCI DSS
10 26 (0.20%) PMO
11 25 (0.19%) Solvency II
12 24 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
13 21 (0.16%) ISO/IEC 27001
14 16 (0.12%) IFRS
15 13 (0.099%) IFRS 9
16 12 (0.091%) ISO 9001
17 11 (0.084%) GxP
18 10 (0.076%) Basel II
19 9 (0.069%) GAAP
System Software
1 638 (4.86%) Active Directory
2 313 (2.39%) Docker
3 277 (2.11%) VMware Infrastructure
4 118 (0.90%) Hyper-V
5 97 (0.74%) HDFS
5 97 (0.74%) VMware ESXi
6 73 (0.56%) vSphere
7 72 (0.55%) Apache Flume
8 59 (0.45%) Virtual Machines
9 44 (0.34%) XenApp
10 38 (0.29%) Oracle RAC
11 37 (0.28%) Virtual Servers
12 35 (0.27%) NFS
13 22 (0.17%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 22 (0.17%) Microsoft App-V
13 22 (0.17%) Time Sharing Option
14 21 (0.16%) Xen
14 21 (0.16%) XenDesktop
15 17 (0.13%) RACF
15 17 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 240 (1.83%) Puppet
2 220 (1.68%) Ansible
3 172 (1.31%) Opscode Chef
4 136 (1.04%) SCCM
5 110 (0.84%) HP Quality Center
5 110 (0.84%) SCOM
6 77 (0.59%) Kubernetes
7 67 (0.51%) Control-M
8 66 (0.50%) Kibana
9 65 (0.50%) Grafana
10 64 (0.49%) logstash
11 60 (0.46%) Hadoop YARN
12 54 (0.41%) Terraform
13 53 (0.40%) Nagios
14 52 (0.40%) Oozie
15 51 (0.39%) WSUS
16 39 (0.30%) NetBackup
16 39 (0.30%) Oracle RMAN
16 39 (0.30%) TIBCO Hawk
17 36 (0.27%) Data Guard
Vendors
1 2751 (20.97%) Oracle
2 2293 (17.48%) Microsoft
3 499 (3.80%) Tableau
4 454 (3.46%) VMware
5 405 (3.09%) SAP
6 340 (2.59%) HP
7 334 (2.55%) Sybase
8 328 (2.50%) IBM
9 229 (1.75%) Red Hat
10 205 (1.56%) Citrix
11 199 (1.52%) Google
12 195 (1.49%) Informatica
13 193 (1.47%) TIBCO
14 172 (1.31%) Cisco
15 157 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
16 140 (1.07%) Cognos
17 134 (1.02%) Teradata
18 128 (0.98%) Splunk
19 107 (0.82%) AppDynamics
20 102 (0.78%) ServiceNow