Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for CI/CD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CI/CD over the 6 months to 27 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CI/CD
England > East of England
6 months to
27 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 35 34 49
Rank change year-on-year -1 +15 +3
Contract jobs citing CI/CD 135 91 83
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 5.29% 5.08% 3.43%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.38% 5.99% 4.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 85 63 69
10th Percentile £419 £406 £385
25th Percentile £485 £455 £411
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £508 £475
Median % change year-on-year +18.23% +6.84% -
75th Percentile £688 £550 £575
90th Percentile £783 £575 £650
England median daily rate £600 £525 £550
% change year-on-year +14.29% -4.55% +1.85%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 0
10th Percentile £47.15 - -
25th Percentile £54.13 - -
Median hourly rate £65.76 - -
75th Percentile £66.56 - -
90th Percentile £67.04 - -
England median hourly rate £65.00 £63.25 £48.85
% change year-on-year +2.77% +29.48% -2.30%

CI/CD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,115 1,519 2,009
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 82.81% 84.77% 83.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,266 869 1,215
10th Percentile £205 £163 £222
25th Percentile £363 £300 £350
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £425 £445
Median % change year-on-year +11.76% -4.49% -1.11%
75th Percentile £575 £525 £525
90th Percentile £675 £600 £600
England median daily rate £545 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +9.00% +5.26% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 278 186 112
10th Percentile £13.25 £12.25 £11.89
25th Percentile £14.25 £12.53 £14.75
Median hourly rate £21.00 £18.50 £20.00
Median % change year-on-year +13.51% -7.50% +14.29%
75th Percentile £53.44 £36.80 £39.48
90th Percentile £60.00 £50.00 £55.00
England median hourly rate £26.98 £24.49 £22.00
% change year-on-year +10.19% +11.30% -2.87%

CI/CD
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing CI/CD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for CI/CD in the East of England

CI/CD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for CI/CD in the East of England

CI/CD
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing CI/CD in the East of England over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for CI/CD in the East of England

CI/CD
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing CI/CD in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for CI/CD in the East of England

CI/CD
Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing CI/CD in the East of England over the 6 months to 27 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for CI/CD in the East of England

CI/CD
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CI/CD within the East of England region over the 6 months to 27 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
Hertfordshire +9 55 £631 +14.77% 31
Essex +6 32 £474 -0.26% 6
Cambridgeshire -18 28 £550 +10.00% 36
Suffolk +5 16 £625 +61.29% 4
Bedfordshire -11 4 £650 - 1
CI/CD
England

For the 6 months to 27 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing CI/CD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for CI/CD.

1 72 (53.33%) DevOps
2 70 (51.85%) Agile
3 67 (49.63%) Jenkins
4 59 (43.70%) AWS
5 52 (38.52%) Azure
5 52 (38.52%) Ansible
6 44 (32.59%) Python
7 43 (31.85%) Continuous Integration
7 43 (31.85%) Kubernetes
8 41 (30.37%) Terraform
8 41 (30.37%) Docker
9 40 (29.63%) Infrastructure as Code
9 40 (29.63%) Java
10 38 (28.15%) Linux
11 37 (27.41%) Security Cleared
12 35 (25.93%) Software Engineering
12 35 (25.93%) GitLab
13 33 (24.44%) GCP
14 32 (23.70%) JIRA
15 31 (22.96%) Test Automation
16 29 (21.48%) SC Cleared
17 28 (20.74%) TDD
17 28 (20.74%) Continuous Delivery
18 26 (19.26%) SQL
19 25 (18.52%) Scrum
20 24 (17.78%) Social Skills
21 23 (17.04%) C#
21 23 (17.04%) Windows
21 23 (17.04%) Microsoft
21 23 (17.04%) QA

CI/CD
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (17.04%) Confluence
2 12 (8.89%) SAS
3 6 (4.44%) Apache
4 5 (3.70%) Apache Spark
5 4 (2.96%) Apache Airflow
6 3 (2.22%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (1.48%) CMS
8 1 (0.74%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 1 (0.74%) Drupal
8 1 (0.74%) JBoss
8 1 (0.74%) WebLogic
Business Applications
1 2 (1.48%) Shopify
2 1 (0.74%) SAP FI-CA
2 1 (0.74%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 59 (43.70%) AWS
2 52 (38.52%) Azure
3 33 (24.44%) GCP
4 19 (14.07%) Power Platform
5 12 (8.89%) Serverless
6 11 (8.15%) Tricentis Tosca
7 9 (6.67%) Amazon EKS
7 9 (6.67%) AWS Lambda
8 8 (5.93%) IaaS
8 8 (5.93%) PaaS
9 7 (5.19%) Amazon S3
10 6 (4.44%) Amazon EC2
10 6 (4.44%) Azure Cosmos DB
11 5 (3.70%) Azure Service Bus
12 3 (2.22%) Amazon SageMaker
12 3 (2.22%) AWS CloudFormation
12 3 (2.22%) BlazeMeter
12 3 (2.22%) Cloud Computing
12 3 (2.22%) GitHub
12 3 (2.22%) Microsoft 365
Communications & Networking
1 15 (11.11%) Ethernet
1 15 (11.11%) TCP/IP
2 7 (5.19%) HTTP
3 3 (2.22%) 4G
3 3 (2.22%) LTE
3 3 (2.22%) VSAN
4 2 (1.48%) Cisco Firepower
4 2 (1.48%) Cisco IOS
4 2 (1.48%) Firewall
4 2 (1.48%) LAN
4 2 (1.48%) SSL
4 2 (1.48%) WAN
5 1 (0.74%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (14.07%) Power BI
2 15 (11.11%) Data Warehouse
3 14 (10.37%) Amazon Redshift
3 14 (10.37%) NoSQL
4 13 (9.63%) SQL Server
5 12 (8.89%) Amazon RDS
5 12 (8.89%) BusinessObjects
5 12 (8.89%) MySQL
5 12 (8.89%) Pentaho
6 9 (6.67%) Impala
7 7 (5.19%) Big Data
8 6 (4.44%) PostgreSQL
9 5 (3.70%) Hadoop
10 3 (2.22%) Tableau
11 2 (1.48%) Apache Hive
11 2 (1.48%) Data Lake
11 2 (1.48%) Flink
11 2 (1.48%) Looker
11 2 (1.48%) MongoDB
11 2 (1.48%) OLTP
Development Applications
1 67 (49.63%) Jenkins
2 35 (25.93%) GitLab
3 32 (23.70%) JIRA
4 21 (15.56%) Git (software)
5 17 (12.59%) Visual Studio
6 15 (11.11%) Eclipse
7 13 (9.63%) Selenium
8 12 (8.89%) Bitbucket
8 12 (8.89%) JMeter
9 11 (8.15%) Zephyr
10 9 (6.67%) SoapUI
11 8 (5.93%) JUnit
12 7 (5.19%) Artifactory
12 7 (5.19%) LoadRunner
13 3 (2.22%) Atlassian Bamboo
13 3 (2.22%) Cucumber
13 3 (2.22%) git-flow
13 3 (2.22%) MLflow
13 3 (2.22%) Postman
14 2 (1.48%) REST Assured
General
1 24 (17.78%) Social Skills
2 17 (12.59%) Presentation Skills
3 15 (11.11%) Public Sector
4 9 (6.67%) Finance
5 5 (3.70%) Retail
6 2 (1.48%) Analytical Skills
7 1 (0.74%) Advertising
7 1 (0.74%) Documentation Skills
7 1 (0.74%) Law
7 1 (0.74%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.74%) Marketing
7 1 (0.74%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 27 (20.00%) Developer
2 17 (12.59%) Software Engineer
3 16 (11.85%) DevOps Engineer
4 14 (10.37%) C# Software Engineer
4 14 (10.37%) C++ Software Engineer
5 10 (7.41%) Analyst
5 10 (7.41%) Java Developer
6 9 (6.67%) Architect
6 9 (6.67%) QA Analyst
6 9 (6.67%) QA Test Analyst
6 9 (6.67%) Test Analyst
7 7 (5.19%) AWS DevOps
7 7 (5.19%) Senior Developer
7 7 (5.19%) Solutions Architect
8 6 (4.44%) Consultant
9 5 (3.70%) Automation Engineer
9 5 (3.70%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 5 (3.70%) Python Engineer
9 5 (3.70%) Senior Java Developer
9 5 (3.70%) Senior Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (13.33%) React
2 16 (11.85%) RabbitMQ
3 15 (11.11%) REST
4 14 (10.37%) .NET
4 14 (10.37%) JSON
5 13 (9.63%) Spring
6 12 (8.89%) HTML
7 11 (8.15%) SOAP
8 9 (6.67%) Spring Batch
8 9 (6.67%) Spring Boot
9 8 (5.93%) CSS
9 8 (5.93%) HTML5
10 7 (5.19%) Elastic Stack
10 7 (5.19%) JMS
11 6 (4.44%) XML
12 4 (2.96%) GraphQL
12 4 (2.96%) Node.js
12 4 (2.96%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 4 (2.96%) Web Services
13 3 (2.22%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 11 (8.15%) User Experience
2 10 (7.41%) Public Cloud
3 8 (5.93%) Cloud Native
4 7 (5.19%) Hybrid Cloud
5 6 (4.44%) Enterprise Cloud
6 5 (3.70%) IoT
7 4 (2.96%) Enterprise Software
7 4 (2.96%) Linux Command Line
8 3 (2.22%) iPad
9 2 (1.48%) Data Centre
9 2 (1.48%) Mobile App
9 2 (1.48%) Self-Motivation
9 2 (1.48%) Virtual Team
10 1 (0.74%) Data Protection Act
10 1 (0.74%) Embedded Systems
10 1 (0.74%) Greenfield Project
10 1 (0.74%) Smartphone
Operating Systems
1 38 (28.15%) Linux
2 23 (17.04%) Windows
3 16 (11.85%) Unix
4 2 (1.48%) Windows Server
4 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2008
4 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2012
4 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2016
4 2 (1.48%) Windows Server 2019
5 1 (0.74%) CentOS
5 1 (0.74%) OpenWrt
5 1 (0.74%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (53.33%) DevOps
2 70 (51.85%) Agile
3 43 (31.85%) Continuous Integration
4 40 (29.63%) Infrastructure as Code
5 35 (25.93%) Software Engineering
6 31 (22.96%) Test Automation
7 28 (20.74%) Continuous Delivery
7 28 (20.74%) TDD
8 25 (18.52%) Scrum
9 22 (16.30%) Microservices
10 19 (14.07%) Business Intelligence
10 19 (14.07%) Continuous Deployment
11 18 (13.33%) Migration
11 18 (13.33%) Validation
11 18 (13.33%) Visualisation
12 17 (12.59%) Unit Testing
13 16 (11.85%) Analytics
13 16 (11.85%) E-Commerce
14 15 (11.11%) Data Modelling
14 15 (11.11%) ETL
Programming Languages
1 44 (32.59%) Python
2 40 (29.63%) Java
3 26 (19.26%) SQL
4 23 (17.04%) C#
5 17 (12.59%) Go
6 16 (11.85%) C++
7 15 (11.11%) JavaScript
7 15 (11.11%) PowerShell
8 13 (9.63%) Bash
9 12 (8.89%) PL/SQL
10 10 (7.41%) TypeScript
11 6 (4.44%) Perl
12 5 (3.70%) Groovy
13 4 (2.96%) T-SQL
14 3 (2.22%) Bicep
14 3 (2.22%) C
14 3 (2.22%) ES6
15 2 (1.48%) Kotlin
15 2 (1.48%) R
15 2 (1.48%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 37 (27.41%) Security Cleared
2 29 (21.48%) SC Cleared
3 13 (9.63%) ISTQB
3 13 (9.63%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 7 (5.19%) DV Cleared
5 3 (2.22%) Microsoft Certification
6 2 (1.48%) AWS Certification
7 1 (0.74%) BPSS Clearance
7 1 (0.74%) Degree
7 1 (0.74%) ISEB
7 1 (0.74%) RHCA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 23 (17.04%) QA
2 2 (1.48%) GDPR
3 1 (0.74%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.74%) NCSC
3 1 (0.74%) SLA
System Software
1 41 (30.37%) Docker
2 10 (7.41%) VMware Infrastructure
3 5 (3.70%) vSphere
4 2 (1.48%) Active Directory
4 2 (1.48%) VMware NSX
5 1 (0.74%) Virtual Desktop
5 1 (0.74%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 52 (38.52%) Ansible
2 43 (31.85%) Kubernetes
3 41 (30.37%) Terraform
4 15 (11.11%) Puppet
5 9 (6.67%) Grafana
6 8 (5.93%) Prometheus
7 7 (5.19%) Kibana
8 6 (4.44%) Packer
9 4 (2.96%) McAfee ePO
10 2 (1.48%) Control-M
10 2 (1.48%) Microsoft Clustering
10 2 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
11 1 (0.74%) Argo
11 1 (0.74%) FreeIPA
11 1 (0.74%) Icinga
11 1 (0.74%) Istio
11 1 (0.74%) vRealize
11 1 (0.74%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 23 (17.04%) Microsoft
2 19 (14.07%) Oracle
3 15 (11.11%) AppDynamics
4 14 (10.37%) Atlassian
5 12 (8.89%) Informatica
5 12 (8.89%) Talend
6 10 (7.41%) VMware
7 6 (4.44%) IBM
8 5 (3.70%) Cloudera
8 5 (3.70%) Google
8 5 (3.70%) McAfee
9 4 (2.96%) Red Hat
10 3 (2.22%) Databricks
11 2 (1.48%) Cisco
11 2 (1.48%) Elastic Path
11 2 (1.48%) MapR
11 2 (1.48%) NetApp
11 2 (1.48%) Splunk
11 2 (1.48%) Teradata
12 1 (0.74%) Adobe