Period
to 5 December 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for SQL skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited SQL over the 6 months to 5 December 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

SQL (Structured Query Language)
England > East of England
6 months to
5 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 10 8 9
Rank change year-on-year -2 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing SQL 254 165 379
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 9.98% 12.41% 9.86%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.80% 30.61% 27.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 170 110 232
10th Percentile £193 £258 £282
25th Percentile £285 £329 £358
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £413 £413 £415
Median % change year-on-year +0.12% -0.60% +0.61%
75th Percentile £492 £488 £475
90th Percentile £538 £541 £575
England median daily rate £525 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +10.53% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 7 13
10th Percentile £13.35 £12.05 £15.38
25th Percentile £24.75 £16.43 £18.50
Median hourly rate £30.00 £32.50 £21.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.69% +54.76% +40.00%
75th Percentile £49.25 £35.00 £43.75
90th Percentile £56.00 £37.00 "
England median hourly rate £42.50 £26.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +63.46% -20.00% +21.95%

SQL is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 882 539 1,375
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 34.64% 40.53% 35.78%
Number of daily rates quoted 530 339 839
10th Percentile £283 £259 £300
25th Percentile £363 £318 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £463 £425 £425
Median % change year-on-year +8.82% - -2.58%
75th Percentile £550 £525 £500
90th Percentile £625 £575 £588
England median daily rate £538 £488 £488
% change year-on-year +10.26% - +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 57 35 63
10th Percentile £15.78 £21.20 £20.50
25th Percentile £26.98 £36.00 £41.25
Median hourly rate £48.50 £45.00 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year +7.78% - +4.65%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £49.00
90th Percentile £58.75 £52.75 £51.00
England median hourly rate £47.50 £42.50 £44.00
% change year-on-year +11.76% -3.41% +4.76%

SQL
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing SQL as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for SQL in the East of England

SQL
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing SQL in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for SQL in the East of England

SQL
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing SQL in the East of England over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for SQL in the East of England

SQL
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing SQL in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for SQL in the East of England

SQL
Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing SQL in the East of England over the 6 months to 5 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for SQL in the East of England

SQL
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing SQL within the East of England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Essex -3 89 £339 -17.94% 30
Hertfordshire -2 82 £419 -6.94% 75
Cambridgeshire -8 44 £485 +8.99% 57
Suffolk -1 21 £400 -15.79% 16
Bedfordshire -15 14 £500 +25.00% 17
Norfolk -18 4 £180 +9.03% 13
SQL
England

For the 6 months to 5 December 2021, IT contractor jobs citing SQL also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for SQL.

1 70 (27.56%) Business Intelligence
2 67 (26.38%) Agile Software Development
3 63 (24.80%) Social Skills
4 60 (23.62%) SQL Server
4 60 (23.62%) Azure
5 57 (22.44%) Power Platform
6 52 (20.47%) Power BI
6 52 (20.47%) Microsoft
7 51 (20.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 48 (18.90%) Oracle
9 45 (17.72%) NHS
10 44 (17.32%) C#
10 44 (17.32%) JavaScript
10 44 (17.32%) .NET
11 40 (15.75%) Windows
11 40 (15.75%) AWS
11 40 (15.75%) DevOps
12 39 (15.35%) Data Warehouse
13 37 (14.57%) Java
13 37 (14.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 34 (13.39%) JIRA
14 34 (13.39%) Analytics
14 34 (13.39%) Microsoft Excel
14 34 (13.39%) XML
14 34 (13.39%) Analytical Skills
15 33 (12.99%) Software Engineering
16 31 (12.20%) ETL
17 29 (11.42%) Git (software)
18 28 (11.02%) T-SQL
18 28 (11.02%) Relational Database

SQL
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (7.48%) Confluence
2 15 (5.91%) SharePoint
3 13 (5.12%) IIS
4 8 (3.15%) Skype for Business
5 6 (2.36%) Tomcat
6 4 (1.57%) Apache
7 3 (1.18%) Apache Airflow
7 3 (1.18%) Apache Spark
7 3 (1.18%) Drupal
7 3 (1.18%) IBM Domino
7 3 (1.18%) JBoss
7 3 (1.18%) OpenStack
7 3 (1.18%) SAS
7 3 (1.18%) WebLogic
7 3 (1.18%) WebSphere
8 2 (0.79%) Apache Solr
8 2 (0.79%) Elasticsearch
8 2 (0.79%) Umbraco
8 2 (0.79%) WebSphere Application Server
9 1 (0.39%) MQSeries
Applications
1 34 (13.39%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.54%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 7 (2.76%) Lorenzo
2 3 (1.18%) SAP HCM
3 2 (0.79%) Magento
3 2 (0.79%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.39%) Dynamics GP
4 1 (0.39%) Oracle EBS R12
Cloud Services
1 60 (23.62%) Azure
2 57 (22.44%) Power Platform
3 40 (15.75%) AWS
4 19 (7.48%) Microsoft 365
5 11 (4.33%) Amazon S3
6 10 (3.94%) PaaS
7 8 (3.15%) Amazon EC2
8 6 (2.36%) AWS Lambda
8 6 (2.36%) SaaS
9 5 (1.97%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 5 (1.97%) Azure Cosmos DB
9 5 (1.97%) Azure Data Factory
9 5 (1.97%) OneDrive
9 5 (1.97%) PowerApps
9 5 (1.97%) Route 53
9 5 (1.97%) Virtual Private Cloud
10 4 (1.57%) Dynamics 365
11 3 (1.18%) Datadog
11 3 (1.18%) dbt
11 3 (1.18%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 12 (4.72%) Firewall
2 7 (2.76%) DNS
2 7 (2.76%) Skype
3 6 (2.36%) DHCP
4 4 (1.57%) HTTP
5 3 (1.18%) VoIP
6 2 (0.79%) SNMP
7 1 (0.39%) FTP
7 1 (0.39%) HTTPS
7 1 (0.39%) Intranet
7 1 (0.39%) PBX
7 1 (0.39%) SSH
7 1 (0.39%) TCP/IP
7 1 (0.39%) Unified Communications
7 1 (0.39%) VPN
7 1 (0.39%) VSAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 60 (23.62%) SQL Server
2 52 (20.47%) Power BI
3 51 (20.08%) SQL Server Reporting Services
4 39 (15.35%) Data Warehouse
5 37 (14.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 28 (11.02%) Relational Database
7 18 (7.09%) MySQL
7 18 (7.09%) SQL Server Analysis Services
8 17 (6.69%) Oracle Database
9 15 (5.91%) QlikView
10 13 (5.12%) Tableau
11 11 (4.33%) PostgreSQL
12 8 (3.15%) Data Mart
12 8 (3.15%) Pentaho
12 8 (3.15%) SQL Server 2012
13 7 (2.76%) Hadoop
14 6 (2.36%) Amazon RDS
14 6 (2.36%) NoSQL
15 5 (1.97%) Big Data
15 5 (1.97%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 34 (13.39%) JIRA
2 29 (11.42%) Git (software)
3 19 (7.48%) Jenkins
4 15 (5.91%) JMeter
5 14 (5.51%) Visual Studio
6 9 (3.54%) GitLab
7 8 (3.15%) Maven
8 7 (2.76%) Postman
8 7 (2.76%) Selenium
9 6 (2.36%) Bitbucket
9 6 (2.36%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
10 4 (1.57%) Cucumber
10 4 (1.57%) Octopus Deploy
11 3 (1.18%) Gatling
11 3 (1.18%) IntelliJ
11 3 (1.18%) PHPUnit
11 3 (1.18%) SoapUI
12 2 (0.79%) LoadRunner
12 2 (0.79%) Team Foundation Server
12 2 (0.79%) TeamCity
General
1 63 (24.80%) Social Skills
2 34 (13.39%) Analytical Skills
3 19 (7.48%) Public Sector
4 12 (4.72%) Finance
4 12 (4.72%) Pharmaceutical
5 11 (4.33%) Retail
6 8 (3.15%) Organisational Skills
7 6 (2.36%) Aerospace
7 6 (2.36%) Automotive
7 6 (2.36%) Documentation Skills
7 6 (2.36%) Telecoms
8 4 (1.57%) Manufacturing
9 3 (1.18%) Banking
9 3 (1.18%) Billing
9 3 (1.18%) Corporate Banking
9 3 (1.18%) Influencing Skills
9 3 (1.18%) Marketing
9 3 (1.18%) Presentation Skills
10 2 (0.79%) Avionics
10 2 (0.79%) Games
Job Titles
1 86 (33.86%) Analyst
2 80 (31.50%) Developer
3 25 (9.84%) Report Analyst
4 24 (9.45%) Data Analyst
5 15 (5.91%) C# Developer
5 15 (5.91%) Software Engineer
5 15 (5.91%) SQL Developer
6 13 (5.12%) Business Intelligence Analyst
6 13 (5.12%) Data Warehouse Developer
6 13 (5.12%) Support Analyst
6 13 (5.12%) Test Analyst
7 12 (4.72%) Business Intelligence Developer
8 11 (4.33%) .NET Developer
9 10 (3.94%) Azure Developer
9 10 (3.94%) DBA
10 9 (3.54%) Java Developer
11 8 (3.15%) .NET Software Engineer
11 8 (3.15%) C# Software Engineer
11 8 (3.15%) Data Engineer
11 8 (3.15%) JavaScript Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 44 (17.32%) .NET
2 34 (13.39%) XML
3 22 (8.66%) HTML
4 21 (8.27%) CSS
5 18 (7.09%) .NET Framework
5 18 (7.09%) JSON
5 18 (7.09%) Spring
6 17 (6.69%) WCF
7 16 (6.30%) Spring Boot
8 15 (5.91%) ASP.NET
8 15 (5.91%) Middleware
9 14 (5.51%) .NET Core
9 14 (5.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 13 (5.12%) Web Services
11 12 (4.72%) ASP.NET Web API
11 12 (4.72%) HTML5
12 11 (4.33%) jQuery
13 10 (3.94%) REST
14 9 (3.54%) WinForms
14 9 (3.54%) WPF
Miscellaneous
1 45 (17.72%) NHS
2 17 (6.69%) Management Information System
3 13 (5.12%) Freedom of Information
3 13 (5.12%) Freedom of Information Act
4 9 (3.54%) Life Science
5 8 (3.15%) Replication
6 7 (2.76%) Data Structures
7 6 (2.36%) Biotechnology
7 6 (2.36%) Self-Motivation
8 5 (1.97%) User Experience
9 4 (1.57%) Legacy Applications
9 4 (1.57%) Public Cloud
10 3 (1.18%) Analytical Mindset
10 3 (1.18%) FMCG
10 3 (1.18%) Greenfield Project
10 3 (1.18%) Private Cloud
11 2 (0.79%) AS400
11 2 (0.79%) iSeries
11 2 (0.79%) N-Tier
11 2 (0.79%) Online Games
Operating Systems
1 40 (15.75%) Windows
2 24 (9.45%) Linux
3 16 (6.30%) Unix
4 10 (3.94%) Windows Server
5 9 (3.54%) Windows Server 2016
6 8 (3.15%) Windows Server 2012
7 6 (2.36%) Windows Server 2019
8 5 (1.97%) Windows Server 2008
9 3 (1.18%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.39%) Debian
10 1 (0.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 1 (0.39%) VMS
10 1 (0.39%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 70 (27.56%) Business Intelligence
2 67 (26.38%) Agile Software Development
3 40 (15.75%) DevOps
4 34 (13.39%) Analytics
5 33 (12.99%) Software Engineering
6 31 (12.20%) ETL
7 27 (10.63%) Test Automation
8 26 (10.24%) Data Analysis
9 22 (8.66%) Problem-Solving
10 21 (8.27%) OO
11 20 (7.87%) Validation
12 17 (6.69%) Data Protection
13 16 (6.30%) MVC
14 15 (5.91%) Collaborative Working
14 15 (5.91%) Information Management
14 15 (5.91%) Migration
14 15 (5.91%) Scrum
15 14 (5.51%) Computer Science
15 14 (5.51%) Scenario Testing
16 13 (5.12%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 44 (17.32%) C#
1 44 (17.32%) JavaScript
2 37 (14.57%) Java
3 28 (11.02%) T-SQL
4 26 (10.24%) Python
5 15 (5.91%) PowerShell
5 15 (5.91%) VBA
6 12 (4.72%) PL/SQL
7 10 (3.94%) C++
7 10 (3.94%) Shell Script
8 9 (3.54%) C
8 9 (3.54%) VB
9 8 (3.15%) Java 8
10 7 (2.76%) PHP
11 5 (1.97%) Data Analysis Expressions (DAX)
11 5 (1.97%) Perl
12 4 (1.57%) Bash Shell
12 4 (1.57%) R
13 3 (1.18%) Delphi
13 3 (1.18%) Scala
Qualifications
1 22 (8.66%) Degree
2 17 (6.69%) Security Cleared
3 16 (6.30%) ISTQB
4 15 (5.91%) SC Cleared
5 12 (4.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (4.72%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 8 (3.15%) Master's Degree
7 5 (1.97%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
8 4 (1.57%) ISEB
9 3 (1.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
10 2 (0.79%) Postgraduate
11 1 (0.39%) BPSS Clearance
11 1 (0.39%) CBAP
11 1 (0.39%) CCNP
11 1 (0.39%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.39%) MCSE
11 1 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
11 1 (0.39%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (7.09%) QA
2 17 (6.69%) Data Quality
3 7 (2.76%) SLA
4 4 (1.57%) Accessibility
5 2 (0.79%) WCAG
6 1 (0.39%) PMO
System Software
1 15 (5.91%) Docker
2 13 (5.12%) Active Directory
3 5 (1.97%) Hyper-V
3 5 (1.97%) Virtual Machines
4 4 (1.57%) HDFS
4 4 (1.57%) vSphere
5 3 (1.18%) Oracle RAC
5 3 (1.18%) VMware Infrastructure
6 2 (0.79%) XenApp
7 1 (0.39%) Microsoft App-V
7 1 (0.39%) Terminal Server
7 1 (0.39%) VMware NSX
Systems Management
1 14 (5.51%) Data Guard
2 12 (4.72%) Kubernetes
3 10 (3.94%) Terraform
4 8 (3.15%) Ansible
5 5 (1.97%) Active Directory Federation Services
5 5 (1.97%) Microsoft Intune
6 4 (1.57%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
7 3 (1.18%) Packer
7 3 (1.18%) SCCM
8 2 (0.79%) Grafana
8 2 (0.79%) Oracle RMAN
9 1 (0.39%) Prometheus
9 1 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
9 1 (0.39%) Symantec Endpoint Protection
9 1 (0.39%) vRealize
Vendors
1 52 (20.47%) Microsoft
2 48 (18.90%) Oracle
3 14 (5.51%) Informatica
4 9 (3.54%) VMware
5 8 (3.15%) Google
6 7 (2.76%) SAP
6 7 (2.76%) Talend
7 6 (2.36%) Sage
8 5 (1.97%) CloudEndure
9 3 (1.18%) BEA
9 3 (1.18%) Cisco
9 3 (1.18%) Citrix
9 3 (1.18%) Dell
9 3 (1.18%) Hyperion
9 3 (1.18%) IBM
9 3 (1.18%) MuleSoft
9 3 (1.18%) Red Hat
9 3 (1.18%) Xerox
10 2 (0.79%) webMethods
10 2 (0.79%) WSO2