Period
to 16 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 16 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England > East of England
6 months to
16 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 19 13 10
Rank change year-on-year -6 -3 0
Contract jobs citing Linux 185 107 370
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 7.52% 9.11% 9.22%
As % of the Operating Systems category 35.31% 37.81% 36.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 81 66 191
10th Percentile £344 £300 £285
25th Percentile £450 £324 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £513 £390 £425
Median % change year-on-year +31.41% -8.24% -5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £484 £538
90th Percentile £650 £588 £575
England median daily rate £540 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +8.00% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 10
10th Percentile £14.83 £23.80 £38.37
25th Percentile £17.50 £31.75 £42.13
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £48.25
Median % change year-on-year - -11.92% +13.53%
75th Percentile £55.00 £48.17 £50.00
90th Percentile " £48.52 £50.75
England median hourly rate £55.50 £40.00 £45.75
% change year-on-year +38.75% -12.57% +7.65%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 524 283 1,014
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 21.31% 24.09% 25.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 308 176 592
10th Percentile £134 £140 £130
25th Percentile £200 £253 £225
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £350 £350 £375
Median % change year-on-year - -6.67% -6.25%
75th Percentile £494 £450 £450
90th Percentile £553 £525 £550
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -2.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 27 104
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.99 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.19 £17.38 £13.25
Median hourly rate £18.00 £19.00 £15.86
Median % change year-on-year -5.26% +19.80% -3.88%
75th Percentile £24.50 £24.88 £18.00
90th Percentile £49.25 £48.40 £47.03
England median hourly rate £17.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year -5.41% +5.71% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing Linux as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Linux in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Linux in the East of England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Linux in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Linux in the East of England over the 6 months to 16 October 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the East of England region over the 6 months to 16 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire +8 79 £550 +15.79% 48
Essex -7 49 £540 +38.46% 14
Cambridgeshire -17 36 £500 +25.00% 96
Suffolk -1 15 £368 +14.84% 4
Bedfordshire -14 4 £400 +118.58% 9
Norfolk -15 2 - - 3
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 16 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 76 (41.08%) Python
2 65 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
3 62 (33.51%) AWS
4 61 (32.97%) Windows
5 58 (31.35%) DevOps
6 56 (30.27%) Docker
7 54 (29.19%) Git (software)
8 51 (27.57%) Terraform
9 50 (27.03%) Software Engineering
10 49 (26.49%) Jenkins
11 48 (25.95%) Ansible
11 48 (25.95%) Security Cleared
12 47 (25.41%) Java
13 44 (23.78%) SC Cleared
14 42 (22.70%) Social Skills
15 35 (18.92%) OO
16 34 (18.38%) Degree
16 34 (18.38%) Kubernetes
17 33 (17.84%) Bash Shell
18 31 (16.76%) Scrum
18 31 (16.76%) C++
19 30 (16.22%) Artifactory
20 29 (15.68%) JIRA
21 27 (14.59%) Oracle
22 26 (14.05%) JavaScript
22 26 (14.05%) VMware
23 25 (13.51%) Microsoft
24 24 (12.97%) Node.js
24 24 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
25 23 (12.43%) Azure

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (5.41%) OpenStack
2 6 (3.24%) Confluence
2 6 (3.24%) WebLogic
3 4 (2.16%) Tomcat
4 3 (1.62%) Apache
4 3 (1.62%) Apache Spark
4 3 (1.62%) CMS
4 3 (1.62%) Drupal
4 3 (1.62%) nginx
5 2 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
5 2 (1.08%) SAS
6 1 (0.54%) Apache Pig
6 1 (0.54%) Exchange Server 2013
6 1 (0.54%) IBM Domino
6 1 (0.54%) IIS
6 1 (0.54%) JBoss
6 1 (0.54%) MS Exchange
6 1 (0.54%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.54%) WebSphere
6 1 (0.54%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 14 (7.57%) Simulink
2 6 (3.24%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (2.70%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (1.08%) Doxygen
Business Applications
1 2 (1.08%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.54%) Magento
2 1 (0.54%) SAP Hybris
Cloud Services
1 62 (33.51%) AWS
2 23 (12.43%) Azure
3 22 (11.89%) Amazon EKS
4 20 (10.81%) Amazon ECS
5 14 (7.57%) GCP
6 6 (3.24%) Amazon EC2
7 5 (2.70%) Amazon ELB
7 5 (2.70%) GitHub
7 5 (2.70%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 4 (2.16%) AWS CloudFormation
8 4 (2.16%) Serverless
9 3 (1.62%) Amazon EMR
9 3 (1.62%) SaaS
10 2 (1.08%) AWS Lambda
10 2 (1.08%) Cloud Computing
10 2 (1.08%) Microsoft 365
11 1 (0.54%) AWS CodeCommit
11 1 (0.54%) AWS CodePipeline
11 1 (0.54%) CloudTest
11 1 (0.54%) SpeedCurve
Communications & Networking
1 22 (11.89%) TCP/IP
2 17 (9.19%) Ethernet
3 14 (7.57%) DNS
4 9 (4.86%) Firewall
4 9 (4.86%) Wireless
5 8 (4.32%) LAN
6 7 (3.78%) IPv4
6 7 (3.78%) Wi-Fi
7 6 (3.24%) IPv6
8 5 (2.70%) Multicast
8 5 (2.70%) PPP
8 5 (2.70%) UPnP
8 5 (2.70%) WAN
9 4 (2.16%) DECT
9 4 (2.16%) Kerberos
9 4 (2.16%) MPLS
9 4 (2.16%) Wireshark
10 3 (1.62%) 802.11
10 3 (1.62%) SAN
10 3 (1.62%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (8.11%) Oracle Database
2 9 (4.86%) Hadoop
3 8 (4.32%) MySQL
4 7 (3.78%) Data Lake
5 6 (3.24%) Apache Hive
6 5 (2.70%) Amazon RDS
6 5 (2.70%) HBase
6 5 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (2.16%) Cloudera CDH
7 4 (2.16%) SQL Server
8 3 (1.62%) Big Data
8 3 (1.62%) Impala
8 3 (1.62%) SQLPlus
9 2 (1.08%) Apache Cassandra
9 2 (1.08%) Couchbase
9 2 (1.08%) Electronic Patient Records
9 2 (1.08%) MongoDB
9 2 (1.08%) Oracle Database 10g
9 2 (1.08%) Oracle Database 11g
9 2 (1.08%) Pentaho
Development Applications
1 54 (29.19%) Git (software)
2 49 (26.49%) Jenkins
3 30 (16.22%) Artifactory
4 29 (15.68%) JIRA
5 22 (11.89%) GitLab
6 17 (9.19%) Visual Studio
7 16 (8.65%) Eclipse
7 16 (8.65%) NetBeans
8 14 (7.57%) Rational Rhapsody
9 10 (5.41%) CppUnit
9 10 (5.41%) PVCS
9 10 (5.41%) Rational DOORS
10 6 (3.24%) Bitbucket
10 6 (3.24%) Maven
10 6 (3.24%) SonarQube
10 6 (3.24%) Sonatype Nexus
10 6 (3.24%) Spinnaker
11 5 (2.70%) GDB
12 4 (2.16%) Liquibase
13 2 (1.08%) Robot Framework
General
1 42 (22.70%) Social Skills
2 18 (9.73%) Presentation Skills
3 16 (8.65%) Aerospace
3 16 (8.65%) Military
4 11 (5.95%) Public Sector
4 11 (5.95%) Retail
5 8 (4.32%) Analytical Skills
5 8 (4.32%) Electronics
6 7 (3.78%) Law
7 6 (3.24%) Telecoms
8 4 (2.16%) Finance
9 3 (1.62%) Banking
9 3 (1.62%) Corporate Banking
9 3 (1.62%) Documentation Skills
9 3 (1.62%) Organisational Skills
10 1 (0.54%) Automotive
10 1 (0.54%) Legal
10 1 (0.54%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 43 (23.24%) DevOps Engineer
2 20 (10.81%) Software Engineer
3 18 (9.73%) Platform Engineer
4 14 (7.57%) Embedded C Engineer
4 14 (7.57%) Embedded Engineer
5 13 (7.03%) Consultant
6 12 (6.49%) C Software Engineer
6 12 (6.49%) Embedded C Software Engineer
6 12 (6.49%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 10 (5.41%) Developer
7 10 (5.41%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
7 10 (5.41%) Embedded C++ Engineer
8 9 (4.86%) Architect
9 8 (4.32%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
9 8 (4.32%) C/C++ Software Engineer
9 8 (4.32%) C++ Software Engineer
9 8 (4.32%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
9 8 (4.32%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
10 7 (3.78%) DevOps Consultant
11 5 (2.70%) AWS Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 24 (12.97%) Node.js
2 20 (10.81%) .NET
2 20 (10.81%) Web Services
3 16 (8.65%) ActiveX
3 16 (8.65%) DirectX
3 16 (8.65%) MFC
3 16 (8.65%) OpenGL
3 16 (8.65%) Qt
4 12 (6.49%) Django
4 12 (6.49%) Spring Boot
5 11 (5.95%) Elastic Stack
5 11 (5.95%) Flask
6 9 (4.86%) XML
7 7 (3.78%) Spring
8 5 (2.70%) JSON
8 5 (2.70%) Kafka
8 5 (2.70%) REST
8 5 (2.70%) RESTful
9 4 (2.16%) AngularJS
9 4 (2.16%) React
Miscellaneous
1 11 (5.95%) Data Centre
2 8 (4.32%) User Experience
3 6 (3.24%) Embedded Systems
3 6 (3.24%) Linux Command Line
4 5 (2.70%) Clustering
5 3 (1.62%) Data Structures
5 3 (1.62%) Legacy Systems
5 3 (1.62%) Life Science
5 3 (1.62%) Management Information System
5 3 (1.62%) Replication
5 3 (1.62%) Virtual Team
6 2 (1.08%) Analytical Mindset
6 2 (1.08%) Enterprise Software
6 2 (1.08%) NHS
6 2 (1.08%) Public Cloud
6 2 (1.08%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (1.08%) Social Media
6 2 (1.08%) W3C
7 1 (0.54%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 1 (0.54%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 61 (32.97%) Windows
2 22 (11.89%) Unix
3 15 (8.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 15 (8.11%) Ubuntu
4 12 (6.49%) Windows Server
5 7 (3.78%) CentOS
6 5 (2.70%) OpenWrt
6 5 (2.70%) Solaris
7 3 (1.62%) Debian
8 2 (1.08%) Oracle Linux
8 2 (1.08%) SUSE
8 2 (1.08%) VMS
8 2 (1.08%) Windows Server 2019
9 1 (0.54%) FreeRTOS
9 1 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.54%) Windows Server 2012
9 1 (0.54%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 65 (35.14%) Agile Software Development
2 58 (31.35%) DevOps
3 50 (27.03%) Software Engineering
4 35 (18.92%) OO
5 31 (16.76%) Scrum
6 24 (12.97%) Problem-Solving
7 22 (11.89%) TDD
8 21 (11.35%) Continuous Integration
9 18 (9.73%) Software Testing
10 17 (9.19%) Configuration Management
10 17 (9.19%) Infrastructure as Code
10 17 (9.19%) Test Automation
11 16 (8.65%) Mathematics
11 16 (8.65%) Synthetic Environment
12 15 (8.11%) Web Development
13 14 (7.57%) Domain-Driven Design
13 14 (7.57%) OOP
13 14 (7.57%) SysML
13 14 (7.57%) Test Scripting
13 14 (7.57%) UML
Programming Languages
1 76 (41.08%) Python
2 47 (25.41%) Java
3 33 (17.84%) Bash Shell
4 31 (16.76%) C++
5 26 (14.05%) JavaScript
6 22 (11.89%) Groovy
7 21 (11.35%) C
8 20 (10.81%) C#
9 17 (9.19%) SQL
10 16 (8.65%) GLSL
10 16 (8.65%) HLSL
10 16 (8.65%) PowerShell
11 14 (7.57%) MATLAB
12 13 (7.03%) Perl
13 11 (5.95%) Embedded C++
13 11 (5.95%) Shell Script
14 10 (5.41%) Embedded C
15 8 (4.32%) Ruby
16 7 (3.78%) Go
17 6 (3.24%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 48 (25.95%) Security Cleared
2 44 (23.78%) SC Cleared
3 34 (18.38%) Degree
4 9 (4.86%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (1.08%) Postgraduate
6 1 (0.54%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.54%) CCNA
6 1 (0.54%) CCNP
6 1 (0.54%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.54%) CISSP
6 1 (0.54%) GCIH
6 1 (0.54%) GPEN
6 1 (0.54%) GSEC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (2.16%) JTAG
2 2 (1.08%) QA
3 1 (0.54%) Accessibility
3 1 (0.54%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.54%) DICOM
3 1 (0.54%) GDPR
3 1 (0.54%) NIST
3 1 (0.54%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.54%) SLA
System Software
1 56 (30.27%) Docker
2 17 (9.19%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (8.11%) Virtual Machines
4 13 (7.03%) Active Directory
5 7 (3.78%) Varnish
6 5 (2.70%) Firmware
6 5 (2.70%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (1.62%) HDFS
7 3 (1.62%) vSphere
7 3 (1.62%) XenDesktop
8 2 (1.08%) Hyper-V
8 2 (1.08%) KVM
8 2 (1.08%) Virtual Desktop
9 1 (0.54%) NFS
9 1 (0.54%) RHEV
9 1 (0.54%) Shibboleth
9 1 (0.54%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.54%) VMware NSX
9 1 (0.54%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 51 (27.57%) Terraform
2 48 (25.95%) Ansible
3 34 (18.38%) Kubernetes
4 20 (10.81%) Docker Swarm
5 17 (9.19%) Puppet
6 7 (3.78%) Opscode Chef
6 7 (3.78%) Packer
7 6 (3.24%) Kibana
7 6 (3.24%) Prometheus
8 3 (1.62%) Grafana
8 3 (1.62%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
8 3 (1.62%) vCenter Server
9 2 (1.08%) Iperf
9 2 (1.08%) logstash
9 2 (1.08%) NetBackup
9 2 (1.08%) vRealize
10 1 (0.54%) Mesos
10 1 (0.54%) SCCM
10 1 (0.54%) vRealize Orchestrator
Vendors
1 27 (14.59%) Oracle
2 26 (14.05%) VMware
3 25 (13.51%) Microsoft
4 21 (11.35%) Red Hat
5 17 (9.19%) IBM
6 9 (4.86%) Atlassian
6 9 (4.86%) Google
6 9 (4.86%) Splunk
7 7 (3.78%) AppDynamics
7 7 (3.78%) Cisco
8 5 (2.70%) Citrix
8 5 (2.70%) ServiceNow
9 4 (2.16%) Cloudera
10 3 (1.62%) Informatica
10 3 (1.62%) Juniper
10 3 (1.62%) New Relic
10 3 (1.62%) WSO2
11 2 (1.08%) Apple
11 2 (1.08%) SAP
11 2 (1.08%) Talend