The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 3 months to 25 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
England / East of England
3 months to
25 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 10 21 8
Rank change year-on-year +11 -13  
Contract jobs citing Linux 240 170 344
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 10.43% 6.82% 11.29%
As % of the Operating Systems category 41.74% 27.64% 42.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 114 107 192
Median daily rate £450 £425 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +13.33%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £295 £250 £288
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £547 £425
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.66%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 8 19
Median hourly rate £37.50 £31.25 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +20.00% -22.83%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £31.25 £29.95 £31.80
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.00 £38.00 £69.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year - +6.66%  

Linux is in the operating system skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for operating system skills.

Contract Operating System Skills
East of England
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 575 615 814
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the East of England 24.99% 24.66% 26.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 271 341 428
Median daily rate £400 £350 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.28% +7.69%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £130 £140 £165
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £509 £438
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £363 £345
% change year-on-year +3.44% +5.07%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 78 98 103
Median hourly rate £17.50 £16.50 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.06% -13.15%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.78 £13.00 £9.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £41.50 £35.00 £40.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £15.50 £17.00 £16.20
% change year-on-year -8.82% +4.93%  

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the East of England citing Linux as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Operating Systems category.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in the East of England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the East of England over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in the East of England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the East of England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in the East of England over the 3 months to 25 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in the East of England

Linux
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the East of England region over the 3 months to 25 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Essex +31 83 £488 +39.28% 7
Cambridgeshire -7 52 £400 -11.11% 76
Hertfordshire +7 49 £400 +6.66% 22
Norfolk +4 36 £519 +10.96% 7
Bedfordshire +5 18 £480 +37.14% 3
Suffolk +9 5 £400 -20.00% 5
Linux
England

For the 6 months to 25 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the East of England region with a requirement for Linux.

1 156 (36.45%) Java
2 148 (34.58%) Agile Software Development
3 145 (33.88%) Unix
4 131 (30.61%) Windows
5 128 (29.91%) DevOps
6 125 (29.21%) Python
7 115 (26.87%) Continuous Integration
8 105 (24.53%) Git (software)
9 103 (24.07%) Jenkins
10 100 (23.36%) TDD
11 96 (22.43%) Configuration Management
12 94 (21.96%) TCP/IP
13 93 (21.73%) Test Automation
14 89 (20.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 89 (20.79%) SSL
15 84 (19.63%) Perl
16 80 (18.69%) Software Engineering
17 77 (17.99%) Scrum
18 76 (17.76%) HTTP
18 76 (17.76%) Puppet
19 74 (17.29%) SQL
20 72 (16.82%) Oracle
20 72 (16.82%) Relational Database
21 68 (15.89%) Apache
22 66 (15.42%) SOA
23 65 (15.19%) C
23 65 (15.19%) Mentoring
24 63 (14.72%) J2EE
25 60 (14.02%) Middleware
26 59 (13.79%) VMware

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (15.89%) Apache
2 54 (12.62%) JBoss
3 35 (8.18%) Tomcat
4 31 (7.24%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 29 (6.78%) WebLogic
6 23 (5.37%) Apache Spark
7 16 (3.74%) Confluence
8 13 (3.04%) WebSphere
9 11 (2.57%) OpenStack
10 9 (2.10%) Elasticsearch
11 7 (1.64%) MS Exchange
12 5 (1.17%) Exchange Server 2003
12 5 (1.17%) nginx
12 5 (1.17%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.93%) CMS
13 4 (0.93%) Exchange Server 2000
13 4 (0.93%) Exchange Server 5.5
13 4 (0.93%) IIS
13 4 (0.93%) Jetty
13 4 (0.93%) Mongrel
Applications
1 11 (2.57%) Microsoft Office
2 4 (0.93%) InfoPath
2 4 (0.93%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.93%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 2 (0.47%) Photoshop
4 1 (0.23%) HipChat
4 1 (0.23%) Mozilla Thunderbird
4 1 (0.23%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.23%) Simulink
4 1 (0.23%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 7 (1.64%) Payment Gateway
2 5 (1.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 3 (0.70%) MFGPRO
4 2 (0.47%) Teamcenter
5 1 (0.23%) NetSuite
5 1 (0.23%) Odoo
5 1 (0.23%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.23%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 48 (11.21%) Amazon AWS
2 20 (4.67%) IaaS
3 16 (3.74%) PaaS
4 15 (3.50%) Microsoft Azure
5 10 (2.34%) SaaS
6 7 (1.64%) AWS CloudFormation
7 6 (1.40%) Google Cloud Platform
8 5 (1.17%) AWS Lambda
9 4 (0.93%) Google App Engine
9 4 (0.93%) OpenShift
10 3 (0.70%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (0.70%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.70%) Google Analytics
11 2 (0.47%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 2 (0.47%) Amazon ELB
11 2 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
11 2 (0.47%) Route 53
12 1 (0.23%) Amazon EMR
12 1 (0.23%) Azure Active Directory
12 1 (0.23%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 94 (21.96%) TCP/IP
2 89 (20.79%) SSL
3 76 (17.76%) HTTP
4 30 (7.01%) DNS
4 30 (7.01%) Kerberos
5 25 (5.84%) Firewall
6 21 (4.91%) LDAP
7 17 (3.97%) Wireless
8 15 (3.50%) WAN
9 13 (3.04%) DHCP
9 13 (3.04%) Internet
10 12 (2.80%) LAN
11 11 (2.57%) Bluetooth
12 10 (2.34%) Wi-Fi
13 6 (1.40%) VoIP
13 6 (1.40%) WLAN
14 5 (1.17%) Network Security
14 5 (1.17%) WebEx
15 4 (0.93%) IPsec
15 4 (0.93%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 72 (16.82%) Relational Database
2 47 (10.98%) MySQL
3 39 (9.11%) PostgreSQL
4 35 (8.18%) Hadoop
5 21 (4.91%) Apache Hive
6 20 (4.67%) Impala
6 20 (4.67%) MongoDB
7 18 (4.21%) NoSQL
8 16 (3.74%) MariaDB
9 13 (3.04%) Apache Cassandra
10 12 (2.80%) SQL Server
11 11 (2.57%) Oracle Database
12 10 (2.34%) Big Data
13 9 (2.10%) Sybase ASE
14 7 (1.64%) Crystal Reports
14 7 (1.64%) RDBMS
15 5 (1.17%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 5 (1.17%) Neo4j
16 4 (0.93%) Ingres
17 3 (0.70%) DB2
Development Applications
1 105 (24.53%) Git (software)
2 103 (24.07%) Jenkins
3 46 (10.75%) Subversion
4 24 (5.61%) JUnit
5 22 (5.14%) JIRA
6 17 (3.97%) Maven
7 15 (3.50%) Mockito
8 14 (3.27%) SoapUI
9 13 (3.04%) Ant
10 9 (2.10%) Bugzilla
11 8 (1.87%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 8 (1.87%) Cucumber
11 8 (1.87%) PVCS
11 8 (1.87%) Selenium
12 7 (1.64%) Bitbucket
12 7 (1.64%) TeamCity
13 6 (1.40%) JMeter
13 6 (1.40%) Sonatype Nexus
14 5 (1.17%) Eclipse
14 5 (1.17%) Visual Studio
General
1 55 (12.85%) Finance
2 18 (4.21%) Telecoms
3 11 (2.57%) Marketing
4 10 (2.34%) Manufacturing
5 8 (1.87%) Automotive
5 8 (1.87%) Retail
6 7 (1.64%) Electronics
7 5 (1.17%) Banking
8 3 (0.70%) Avionics
8 3 (0.70%) Legal
9 2 (0.47%) Aerospace
9 2 (0.47%) Games
9 2 (0.47%) Law
10 1 (0.23%) Billing
10 1 (0.23%) Military
10 1 (0.23%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.23%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 86 (20.09%) Developer
2 68 (15.89%) DevOps Engineer
3 59 (13.79%) Java Developer
4 35 (8.18%) Architect
5 31 (7.24%) Administrator
5 31 (7.24%) Analyst
6 30 (7.01%) Software Engineer
7 26 (6.07%) Cloud Engineer
7 26 (6.07%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 22 (5.14%) Linux Engineer
9 21 (4.91%) Consultant
10 16 (3.74%) Security Analyst
11 15 (3.50%) Technical Architect
12 13 (3.04%) Cloud Administrator
12 13 (3.04%) Cybersecurity Analyst
12 13 (3.04%) Senior Developer
12 13 (3.04%) Systems Administrator
13 12 (2.80%) Embedded Engineer
13 12 (2.80%) Linux/Unix DevOps
14 11 (2.57%) Security Incident Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (14.72%) J2EE
2 60 (14.02%) Middleware
3 48 (11.21%) Web Services
4 43 (10.05%) XML
5 41 (9.58%) Spring
6 39 (9.11%) REST
7 36 (8.41%) HTML
8 32 (7.48%) .NET
9 30 (7.01%) JSON
10 29 (6.78%) CSS
11 27 (6.31%) Hibernate
12 25 (5.84%) JSP
13 20 (4.67%) LAPP Stack
13 20 (4.67%) SOAP
14 19 (4.44%) JPA
15 17 (3.97%) Spring MVC
16 15 (3.50%) EclipseLink
16 15 (3.50%) XSLT
17 14 (3.27%) AngularJS
17 14 (3.27%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 31 (7.24%) Computer Science
2 23 (5.37%) Clustering
3 16 (3.74%) Enterprise Software
4 14 (3.27%) Analytical Skills
5 10 (2.34%) Linux Command Line
6 9 (2.10%) Data Centre
6 9 (2.10%) Management Information System
7 8 (1.87%) Embedded Systems
7 8 (1.87%) RIA
8 7 (1.64%) Client/Server
9 6 (1.40%) Mainframe
9 6 (1.40%) STB
9 6 (1.40%) Video Conferencing
10 5 (1.17%) HTC Vive
11 4 (0.93%) Algorithms
11 4 (0.93%) Hybrid Cloud
11 4 (0.93%) Internet of Things
11 4 (0.93%) iPad
11 4 (0.93%) iPhone
11 4 (0.93%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 145 (33.88%) Unix
2 131 (30.61%) Windows
3 89 (20.79%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 38 (8.88%) Mac OS X
5 29 (6.78%) Solaris
6 25 (5.84%) Ubuntu
7 20 (4.67%) Windows Server
8 16 (3.74%) CentOS
9 13 (3.04%) AIX
10 12 (2.80%) Mac OS
10 12 (2.80%) Windows Server 2008
10 12 (2.80%) Windows Server 2012
11 11 (2.57%) Windows 7
12 10 (2.34%) CoreOS
13 9 (2.10%) HPUX
14 7 (1.64%) Embedded Linux
15 6 (1.40%) VME
16 5 (1.17%) Windows 10
17 4 (0.93%) Windows 2000 Server
18 3 (0.70%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 148 (34.58%) Agile Software Development
2 128 (29.91%) DevOps
3 115 (26.87%) Continuous Integration
4 100 (23.36%) TDD
5 96 (22.43%) Configuration Management
6 93 (21.73%) Test Automation
7 80 (18.69%) Software Engineering
8 77 (17.99%) Scrum
9 66 (15.42%) SOA
10 65 (15.19%) Mentoring
11 59 (13.79%) Kanban
11 59 (13.79%) Open Source
12 49 (11.45%) Microservices
13 39 (9.11%) Coaching
13 39 (9.11%) Continuous Delivery
14 36 (8.41%) User Stories
15 35 (8.18%) API Design
16 34 (7.94%) High Availability
17 32 (7.48%) OO
18 30 (7.01%) Continuous Deployment
Programming Languages
1 156 (36.45%) Java
2 125 (29.21%) Python
3 84 (19.63%) Perl
4 74 (17.29%) SQL
5 65 (15.19%) C
6 57 (13.32%) JavaScript
7 39 (9.11%) Bash Shell
8 32 (7.48%) Ruby
9 23 (5.37%) PL/SQL
10 22 (5.14%) R
11 21 (4.91%) C#
11 21 (4.91%) Shell Script
12 19 (4.44%) C++
13 16 (3.74%) PowerShell
14 15 (3.50%) Embedded C
14 15 (3.50%) PHP
15 10 (2.34%) T-SQL
16 7 (1.64%) Tcl
17 6 (1.40%) MATLAB
17 6 (1.40%) VB
Qualifications
1 37 (8.64%) Security Cleared
2 34 (7.94%) Degree
3 16 (3.74%) SC Cleared
4 13 (3.04%) RHCE
5 7 (1.64%) DV Cleared
6 5 (1.17%) BPSS Clearance
7 4 (0.93%) Cisco Certification
7 4 (0.93%) Computer Science Degree
8 3 (0.70%) CCNA
8 3 (0.70%) HNC
8 3 (0.70%) MCP
8 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
9 2 (0.47%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.47%) CCNP
9 2 (0.47%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.47%) MCSE
9 2 (0.47%) PhD
10 1 (0.23%) CCIP
10 1 (0.23%) CCSP
10 1 (0.23%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (1.17%) Disclosure Scotland
1 5 (1.17%) QA
2 2 (0.47%) ECSS
2 2 (0.47%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 2 (0.47%) JSP 440
3 1 (0.23%) DO-178B
3 1 (0.23%) MISRA
3 1 (0.23%) PCI DSS
3 1 (0.23%) Sarbanes-Oxley
3 1 (0.23%) SLA
System Software
1 52 (12.15%) Docker
2 39 (9.11%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (8.64%) Active Directory
4 16 (3.74%) VMware ESXi
5 15 (3.50%) Firmware
6 11 (2.57%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (1.40%) Xen
8 4 (0.93%) Samba
9 3 (0.70%) Cygwin
9 3 (0.70%) VirtualBox
9 3 (0.70%) vSphere
10 2 (0.47%) Hyper-V
10 2 (0.47%) KVM
10 2 (0.47%) Terminal Services
11 1 (0.23%) Apache Flume
11 1 (0.23%) LXC
11 1 (0.23%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.23%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 1 (0.23%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 76 (17.76%) Puppet
2 59 (13.79%) Opscode Chef
3 47 (10.98%) Ansible
4 12 (2.80%) Salt
5 6 (1.40%) SCCM
6 4 (0.93%) Pingdom
6 4 (0.93%) Terraform
7 3 (0.70%) EnCase
7 3 (0.70%) Kubernetes
7 3 (0.70%) Rundeck
7 3 (0.70%) vCenter Server
7 3 (0.70%) yum
8 2 (0.47%) Backup Exec
8 2 (0.47%) Kibana
8 2 (0.47%) OpenView
8 2 (0.47%) SCOM
9 1 (0.23%) Mesos
9 1 (0.23%) Nagios
9 1 (0.23%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 1 (0.23%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 72 (16.82%) Oracle
2 59 (13.79%) VMware
3 52 (12.15%) Red Hat
4 37 (8.64%) WSO2
5 34 (7.94%) Cloudera
6 30 (7.01%) Microsoft
7 19 (4.44%) Cisco
8 14 (3.27%) IBM
9 10 (2.34%) HP
10 9 (2.10%) Google
10 9 (2.10%) Sybase
11 8 (1.87%) Dell
12 7 (1.64%) Atlassian
13 5 (1.17%) Apple
13 5 (1.17%) Fujitsu
13 5 (1.17%) NetApp
13 5 (1.17%) SAP
14 4 (0.93%) EMC
14 4 (0.93%) Sun
14 4 (0.93%) webMethods
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