Period
to 20 October 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for Unit Testing skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Unit Testing over the 6 months to 20 October 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Unit Testing
England > East of England
6 months to
20 Oct 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 79 68 121
Rank change year-on-year -11 +53 +23
Contract jobs citing Unit Testing 62 20 63
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the East of England 2.49% 1.67% 1.58%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 2.99% 1.98% 1.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 19 15 26
10th Percentile £398 £284 £333
25th Percentile £413 £319 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £478 £400 £450
Median % change year-on-year +19.38% -11.11% -
75th Percentile £540 £483 £534
90th Percentile £588 £538 £563
England median daily rate £541 £475 £490
% change year-on-year +13.88% -3.06% +3.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 0 0
Median hourly rate £47.50 - -
England median hourly rate £47.31 £48.25 £43.00
% change year-on-year -1.96% +12.21% -13.13%

Unit Testing is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the East of England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
East of England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,072 1,012 3,395
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the East of England 83.25% 84.26% 85.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,223 614 2,077
10th Percentile £170 £240 £250
25th Percentile £313 £313 £360
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £450 £426 £440
Median % change year-on-year +5.76% -3.30% +0.57%
75th Percentile £540 £525 £525
90th Percentile £625 £600 £607
England median daily rate £520 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +9.47% - +1.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 209 76 185
10th Percentile £12.25 £14.00 £10.65
25th Percentile £12.75 £15.69 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.50 £33.00 £17.25
Median % change year-on-year -46.97% +91.30% -1.43%
75th Percentile £36.00 £47.67 £46.00
90th Percentile £51.15 £53.75 £50.00
England median hourly rate £24.43 £26.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.04% +15.56% +12.50%

Unit Testing
Job Vacancy Trend in the East of England

Job postings citing Unit Testing as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the East of England.

Job vacancy trend for Unit Testing in the East of England

Unit Testing
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in the East of England.

Daily rate trend for Unit Testing in the East of England

Unit Testing
Daily Rate Histogram in the East of England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Unit Testing in the East of England over the 6 months to 20 October 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Unit Testing in the East of England

Unit Testing
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the East of England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Unit Testing in the East of England.

Hourly rate trend for Unit Testing in the East of England

Unit Testing
Contract Job Locations in the East of England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Unit Testing within the East of England region over the 6 months to 20 October 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Hertfordshire -2 39 £443 +51.28% 11
Cambridgeshire -15 10 £526 - 10
Essex -13 9 £495 -5.71% 3
Bedfordshire -18 2 £400 - 3
Norfolk -13 1 £400 +33.33% 1
Suffolk - 1 - - 1
Unit Testing
England

For the 6 months to 20 October 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Unit Testing also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the East of England region with a requirement for Unit Testing.

1 51 (82.26%) Agile Software Development
2 34 (54.84%) C#
3 33 (53.23%) Software Engineering
4 27 (43.55%) Continuous Integration
4 27 (43.55%) Security Cleared
4 27 (43.55%) Git (software)
5 26 (41.94%) SC Cleared
6 25 (40.32%) C++
7 24 (38.71%) Validation
8 22 (35.48%) TDD
9 19 (30.65%) Scrum
10 16 (25.81%) Social Skills
11 15 (24.19%) JavaScript
12 14 (22.58%) SQL
12 14 (22.58%) Visualisation
12 14 (22.58%) Continuous Delivery
12 14 (22.58%) Synthetic Environment
13 13 (20.97%) HTML
13 13 (20.97%) .NET
13 13 (20.97%) CSS
13 13 (20.97%) Linux
14 12 (19.35%) Java
14 12 (19.35%) React
15 11 (17.74%) Requirements Analysis
16 10 (16.13%) VMware
16 10 (16.13%) C
16 10 (16.13%) PVCS
16 10 (16.13%) Embedded C
16 10 (16.13%) Embedded C++
16 10 (16.13%) TypeScript

Unit Testing
Co-occurring IT Skills in the East of England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (12.90%) IBM Domino
2 4 (6.45%) Apache
3 3 (4.84%) IIS
4 2 (3.23%) Apache Spark
4 2 (3.23%) CMS
4 2 (3.23%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (1.61%) Apache Solr
5 1 (1.61%) CoreMedia CMS
5 1 (1.61%) JBoss
5 1 (1.61%) Sitecore CMS
5 1 (1.61%) WebLogic
5 1 (1.61%) WebSphere
Applications
1 3 (4.84%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 8 (12.90%) Magento
2 7 (11.29%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 8 (12.90%) AWS
2 6 (9.68%) Amazon S3
3 4 (6.45%) Azure
4 3 (4.84%) Amazon EC2
5 2 (3.23%) Serverless
6 1 (1.61%) Akamai
6 1 (1.61%) AWS CloudFormation
6 1 (1.61%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (1.61%) GCP
6 1 (1.61%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.61%) HTTP
1 1 (1.61%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (14.52%) MySQL
2 7 (11.29%) Relational Database
3 6 (9.68%) Pentaho
3 6 (9.68%) SQL Server
4 4 (6.45%) NoSQL
5 3 (4.84%) Amazon RDS
5 3 (4.84%) Apache Hive
5 3 (4.84%) Hadoop
5 3 (4.84%) Impala
5 3 (4.84%) Oracle Database
5 3 (4.84%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 3 (4.84%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 2 (3.23%) Data Warehouse
6 2 (3.23%) Electronic Patient Records
6 2 (3.23%) Metadata
6 2 (3.23%) Microsoft Analysis Services
6 2 (3.23%) SQL Server Analysis Services
7 1 (1.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
7 1 (1.61%) Flink
7 1 (1.61%) Ingres
Development Applications
1 27 (43.55%) Git (software)
2 10 (16.13%) CppUnit
2 10 (16.13%) PVCS
2 10 (16.13%) Rational DOORS
3 8 (12.90%) Jenkins
3 8 (12.90%) Visual Studio
4 7 (11.29%) Cypress.io
4 7 (11.29%) ESLint
4 7 (11.29%) webpack
5 6 (9.68%) Team Foundation Server
6 3 (4.84%) GitLab
6 3 (4.84%) JIRA
7 2 (3.23%) Moq
7 2 (3.23%) MSTest
7 2 (3.23%) NUnit
7 2 (3.23%) Octopus Deploy
7 2 (3.23%) SQL Server Management Studio (SSMS)
8 1 (1.61%) Mockito
8 1 (1.61%) TeamCity
8 1 (1.61%) WebDriver
General
1 16 (25.81%) Social Skills
2 6 (9.68%) Retail
3 5 (8.06%) Public Sector
4 4 (6.45%) Pharmaceutical
5 2 (3.23%) Presentation Skills
6 1 (1.61%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 37 (59.68%) Developer
2 18 (29.03%) C# Developer
3 16 (25.81%) Software Developer
4 15 (24.19%) C# Software Developer
5 14 (22.58%) Software Engineer
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded C Engineer
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded C++ Engineer
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) C Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) C/C++ Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) C++ Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) Embedded C Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) Embedded Software Engineer
7 8 (12.90%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 7 (11.29%) React Developer
9 4 (6.45%) C# Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (20.97%) .NET
1 13 (20.97%) CSS
1 13 (20.97%) HTML
2 12 (19.35%) React
3 9 (14.52%) Node.js
4 8 (12.90%) Jest
4 8 (12.90%) Sass
4 8 (12.90%) WPF
5 7 (11.29%) .NET Framework
5 7 (11.29%) CSS3
5 7 (11.29%) HTML5
5 7 (11.29%) Next.js
5 7 (11.29%) Redux
6 6 (9.68%) Autofac
6 6 (9.68%) Managed Extensibility Framework
7 5 (8.06%) RESTful
8 4 (6.45%) ASP.NET
9 3 (4.84%) Entity Framework
9 3 (4.84%) Spring
9 3 (4.84%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 4 (6.45%) Biotechnology
2 3 (4.84%) Life Science
2 3 (4.84%) NHS
3 2 (3.23%) Data Structures
3 2 (3.23%) Management Information System
3 2 (3.23%) User Experience
4 1 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
4 1 (1.61%) Greenfield Project
4 1 (1.61%) Legacy Applications
4 1 (1.61%) Legacy Systems
4 1 (1.61%) Linux Command Line
4 1 (1.61%) Mobile App
4 1 (1.61%) PKI
4 1 (1.61%) Public Cloud
4 1 (1.61%) Raspberry Pi
4 1 (1.61%) Vector Graphics
4 1 (1.61%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 13 (20.97%) Linux
2 5 (8.06%) Windows
3 4 (6.45%) Unix
4 2 (3.23%) Android
5 1 (1.61%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 51 (82.26%) Agile Software Development
2 33 (53.23%) Software Engineering
3 27 (43.55%) Continuous Integration
4 24 (38.71%) Validation
5 22 (35.48%) TDD
6 19 (30.65%) Scrum
7 14 (22.58%) Continuous Delivery
7 14 (22.58%) Synthetic Environment
7 14 (22.58%) Visualisation
8 11 (17.74%) Requirements Analysis
9 10 (16.13%) Embedded Software Development
9 10 (16.13%) Test Planning
10 9 (14.52%) E-Commerce
10 9 (14.52%) ETL
10 9 (14.52%) Sprint Planning
11 8 (12.90%) Content Management
11 8 (12.90%) Microservices
11 8 (12.90%) UML
12 7 (11.29%) Front End Development
12 7 (11.29%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 34 (54.84%) C#
2 25 (40.32%) C++
3 15 (24.19%) JavaScript
4 14 (22.58%) SQL
5 12 (19.35%) Java
6 10 (16.13%) C
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded C
6 10 (16.13%) Embedded C++
6 10 (16.13%) TypeScript
7 8 (12.90%) PHP
7 8 (12.90%) Python
8 7 (11.29%) ES6
9 4 (6.45%) T-SQL
10 3 (4.84%) Shell Script
10 3 (4.84%) VBA
10 3 (4.84%) XAML
11 2 (3.23%) Java 8
11 2 (3.23%) Kotlin
11 2 (3.23%) VB.NET
12 1 (1.61%) Java 11
Qualifications
1 27 (43.55%) Security Cleared
2 26 (41.94%) SC Cleared
3 2 (3.23%) Degree
3 2 (3.23%) PhD
4 1 (1.61%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (16.13%) Accessibility
2 3 (4.84%) QA
3 1 (1.61%) DICOM
System Software
1 10 (16.13%) Virtual Machines
1 10 (16.13%) VMware Infrastructure
2 8 (12.90%) Docker
3 3 (4.84%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 4 (6.45%) Kubernetes
2 3 (4.84%) Ansible
3 1 (1.61%) Single Sign-On
3 1 (1.61%) Terraform
Vendors
1 10 (16.13%) VMware
2 8 (12.90%) Xerox
3 7 (11.29%) hybris
3 7 (11.29%) Oracle
4 5 (8.06%) Microsoft
5 4 (6.45%) Cloudera
6 3 (4.84%) Informatica
7 1 (1.61%) Google
7 1 (1.61%) IBM
7 1 (1.61%) Sitecore
7 1 (1.61%) Splunk