Period
to 9 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Xen skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Xen over the 6 months to 9 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Xen Project
UK > England
6 months to
9 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 764 752 738
Rank change year-on-year -12 -14 +9
Contract jobs citing Xen 97 100 129
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.10% 0.11% 0.13%
As % of the System Software category 0.66% 0.83% 1.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 70 88 103
England median daily rate £512 £535 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.30% +12.63% +8.88%
10th Percentile £403 £313 £393
90th Percentile £601 £638 £617
UK median daily rate £512 £535 £475
% change year-on-year -4.30% +12.63% +14.05%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 3 0
England median hourly rate £33.75 £41.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -18.67% - -
UK median hourly rate £33.75 £41.50 -
% change year-on-year -18.67% - -

Xen is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,735 12,060 11,839
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.43% 12.79% 12.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,715 7,906 7,496
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +10.00%
10th Percentile £185 £160 £175
90th Percentile £638 £619 £588
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £401
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.12% +6.80%
Number of hourly rates quoted 784 638 789
England median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +3.13% +3.23%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £43.75 £47.25 £42.30
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £15.63
% change year-on-year -3.03% +5.60% -0.79%

Xen
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Xen as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Xen in England

Xen
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Xen in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for Xen in England

Xen
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Xen in England over the 6 months to 9 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Xen in England

Xen
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Xen in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Xen in England

Xen
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Xen within the England region over the 6 months to 9 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +23 38 £555 +11.00% 17
North of England +5 34 £475 -24.00% 7
Yorkshire +2 18 £475 -24.00% 5
North West -9 16 £500 -9.09% 2
East of England +2 14 £550 +49.66% 1
South East -37 9 £450 - 3
South West -51 2 - - 5
Xen
UK

For the 6 months to 9 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Xen also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Xen.

1 90 (92.78%) VMware
2 87 (89.69%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (69.07%) Linux
4 66 (68.04%) DevOps
5 64 (65.98%) Configuration Management
5 64 (65.98%) Amazon AWS
6 60 (61.86%) Puppet
7 57 (58.76%) Java
8 53 (54.64%) Google Cloud Platform
9 51 (52.58%) SSL
9 51 (52.58%) Microsoft
9 51 (52.58%) Jenkins
10 47 (48.45%) Continuous Integration
11 44 (45.36%) Google
11 44 (45.36%) DNS
12 41 (42.27%) TCP/IP
12 41 (42.27%) WebSphere
13 40 (41.24%) HTTP
14 39 (40.21%) Amazon EC2
15 38 (39.18%) Open Source
15 38 (39.18%) .NET
15 38 (39.18%) Tomcat
16 37 (38.14%) Python
17 36 (37.11%) DHCP
18 35 (36.08%) Apache
18 35 (36.08%) nginx
19 34 (35.05%) Jetty
19 34 (35.05%) Google App Engine
20 33 (34.02%) Servlets
20 33 (34.02%) IIS

Xen
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (42.27%) WebSphere
2 38 (39.18%) Tomcat
3 35 (36.08%) Apache
3 35 (36.08%) nginx
4 34 (35.05%) Jetty
5 33 (34.02%) IIS
5 33 (34.02%) Mongrel
6 31 (31.96%) OpenStack
7 11 (11.34%) MS Exchange
8 7 (7.22%) CloudStack
8 7 (7.22%) Elasticsearch
8 7 (7.22%) WebSphere Application Server
9 6 (6.19%) JBoss
10 4 (4.12%) Exchange Server 2010
10 4 (4.12%) WebLogic
11 2 (2.06%) IBM Notes
11 2 (2.06%) SharePoint
11 2 (2.06%) Skype for Business
12 1 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2007
12 1 (1.03%) WordPress
Applications
1 4 (4.12%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (2.06%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 64 (65.98%) Amazon AWS
2 53 (54.64%) Google Cloud Platform
3 39 (40.21%) Amazon EC2
4 34 (35.05%) Google App Engine
5 28 (28.87%) Microsoft Azure
6 15 (15.46%) Cloud Computing
7 4 (4.12%) AWS CloudFormation
8 3 (3.09%) Amazon S3
8 3 (3.09%) IaaS
8 3 (3.09%) PaaS
8 3 (3.09%) SaaS
8 3 (3.09%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 2 (2.06%) Office 365
10 1 (1.03%) GitHub
10 1 (1.03%) Rackspace Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 51 (52.58%) SSL
2 44 (45.36%) DNS
3 41 (42.27%) TCP/IP
4 40 (41.24%) HTTP
5 36 (37.11%) DHCP
6 32 (32.99%) FTP
6 32 (32.99%) IPsec
7 29 (29.90%) Firewall
8 18 (18.56%) LAN
8 18 (18.56%) WAN
9 15 (15.46%) VLAN
10 14 (14.43%) SSH
11 6 (6.19%) HTTPS
11 6 (6.19%) NAS
11 6 (6.19%) SAN
12 5 (5.15%) Fibre Channel
12 5 (5.15%) VPN
13 4 (4.12%) NetScaler
14 3 (3.09%) SMTP
15 2 (2.06%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (22.68%) Apache Cassandra
2 8 (8.25%) MySQL
2 8 (8.25%) SQL Server
3 5 (5.15%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.12%) Amazon RDS
4 4 (4.12%) Redis
5 3 (3.09%) Hadoop
6 2 (2.06%) NoSQL
7 1 (1.03%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 51 (52.58%) Jenkins
2 31 (31.96%) Travis CI
3 13 (13.40%) Git (software)
4 8 (8.25%) GitLab
5 6 (6.19%) GoCD
6 2 (2.06%) AdminStudio
6 2 (2.06%) Gradle
6 2 (2.06%) Maven
6 2 (2.06%) Mercurial
6 2 (2.06%) Vagrant
7 1 (1.03%) Ant
7 1 (1.03%) CruiseControl
7 1 (1.03%) Gerrit
7 1 (1.03%) MSBuild
7 1 (1.03%) SonarQube
7 1 (1.03%) Subversion
7 1 (1.03%) TeamCity
General
1 7 (7.22%) Finance
2 3 (3.09%) Banking
2 3 (3.09%) Multimedia
3 2 (2.06%) Retail Banking
4 1 (1.03%) Retail
Job Titles
1 48 (49.48%) DevOps Engineer
2 9 (9.28%) Linux/Unix DevOps
3 8 (8.25%) Architect
3 8 (8.25%) Linux Engineer
4 7 (7.22%) AWS DevOps
5 6 (6.19%) Azure Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Cassandra Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Cloud Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 6 (6.19%) Linux DevOps Engineer
6 5 (5.15%) Senior DevOps
6 5 (5.15%) Senior DevOps Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Administrator
7 4 (4.12%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) AWS Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Infrastructure Architect
7 4 (4.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Platform Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Site Engineer
7 4 (4.12%) Site Reliability Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 38 (39.18%) .NET
2 33 (34.02%) Servlets
3 32 (32.99%) J2EE
4 11 (11.34%) Elastic Stack
5 5 (5.15%) HTML
5 5 (5.15%) RabbitMQ
5 5 (5.15%) Sensu
5 5 (5.15%) Web Services
6 4 (4.12%) Kafka
6 4 (4.12%) Middleware
7 3 (3.09%) WebRTC
7 3 (3.09%) XML
7 3 (3.09%) XSLT
8 2 (2.06%) LAMP
8 2 (2.06%) LEMP Stack
8 2 (2.06%) Material Design
8 2 (2.06%) XMPP
9 1 (1.03%) JRuby
9 1 (1.03%) Node.js
9 1 (1.03%) Ruby on Rails
Miscellaneous
1 18 (18.56%) Clustering
2 5 (5.15%) Management Information System
2 5 (5.15%) Video on Demand
3 4 (4.12%) Data Centre
4 2 (2.06%) RSA SecurID
4 2 (2.06%) Video Conferencing
5 1 (1.03%) iSeries
5 1 (1.03%) Mainframe
5 1 (1.03%) Private Cloud
5 1 (1.03%) RIA
5 1 (1.03%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 67 (69.07%) Linux
2 31 (31.96%) Windows
3 15 (15.46%) Windows Server
4 12 (12.37%) Unix
5 7 (7.22%) CentOS
6 5 (5.15%) Solaris
6 5 (5.15%) Windows Server 2008
7 4 (4.12%) Windows 10
7 4 (4.12%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (3.09%) MVS
9 2 (2.06%) Mac OS
9 2 (2.06%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 2 (2.06%) Ubuntu
9 2 (2.06%) Windows 7
10 1 (1.03%) Debian
10 1 (1.03%) Fedora
10 1 (1.03%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 66 (68.04%) DevOps
2 64 (65.98%) Configuration Management
3 47 (48.45%) Continuous Integration
4 38 (39.18%) Open Source
5 28 (28.87%) Test Automation
6 16 (16.49%) Performance Optimisation
7 15 (15.46%) Problem-Solving
8 14 (14.43%) Agile Software Development
8 14 (14.43%) Microservices
9 11 (11.34%) Capacity Planning
9 11 (11.34%) Demand Forecasting
9 11 (11.34%) Performance Analysis
9 11 (11.34%) Unit Testing
10 10 (10.31%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 7 (7.22%) Migration
11 7 (7.22%) Site Reliability Engineering
12 6 (6.19%) ITIL
12 6 (6.19%) OWASP
12 6 (6.19%) Storage Management
12 6 (6.19%) Systems Engineering
Programming Languages
1 57 (58.76%) Java
2 37 (38.14%) Python
3 31 (31.96%) Bash Shell
4 23 (23.71%) SQL
5 22 (22.68%) Go
6 15 (15.46%) Perl
7 13 (13.40%) Ruby
8 12 (12.37%) PowerShell
9 8 (8.25%) Shell Script
10 7 (7.22%) PHP
11 5 (5.15%) JavaScript
12 3 (3.09%) AWK
12 3 (3.09%) C++
12 3 (3.09%) VBScript
13 1 (1.03%) C
13 1 (1.03%) VB
Qualifications
1 10 (10.31%) Security Cleared
2 7 (7.22%) BPSS Clearance
2 7 (7.22%) SC Cleared
3 6 (6.19%) Degree
4 2 (2.06%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (2.06%) ITIL Certification
4 2 (2.06%) MCSE
4 2 (2.06%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (1.03%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (2.06%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (1.03%) COBIT
2 1 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 1 (1.03%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 87 (89.69%) VMware Infrastructure
2 29 (29.90%) Docker
3 19 (19.59%) NFS
4 15 (15.46%) Active Directory
5 14 (14.43%) KVM
6 9 (9.28%) vSphere
7 8 (8.25%) Hyper-V
7 8 (8.25%) XenServer
8 6 (6.19%) XenApp
9 4 (4.12%) SRDF
9 4 (4.12%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 4 (4.12%) Virtual Machines
9 4 (4.12%) Virtual Servers
9 4 (4.12%) VirtualBox
9 4 (4.12%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (4.12%) XenDesktop
10 2 (2.06%) Firmware
10 2 (2.06%) Microsoft App-V
10 2 (2.06%) VMware Workstation
11 1 (1.03%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 60 (61.86%) Puppet
2 33 (34.02%) Ansible
3 29 (29.90%) Opscode Chef
4 28 (28.87%) Kubernetes
5 15 (15.46%) Docker Swarm
5 15 (15.46%) Mesos
6 13 (13.40%) Terraform
7 8 (8.25%) Grafana
7 8 (8.25%) Kibana
7 8 (8.25%) SCCM
8 7 (7.22%) Prometheus
9 6 (6.19%) logstash
10 5 (5.15%) Nagios
10 5 (5.15%) Salt
11 4 (4.12%) Consul
11 4 (4.12%) SCOM
11 4 (4.12%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
11 4 (4.12%) Uchiwa
12 3 (3.09%) Icinga
12 3 (3.09%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 90 (92.78%) VMware
2 51 (52.58%) Microsoft
3 44 (45.36%) Google
4 19 (19.59%) Splunk
5 17 (17.53%) Oracle
6 13 (13.40%) Citrix
7 11 (11.34%) Cisco
8 9 (9.28%) Red Hat
9 5 (5.15%) SaltStack
10 4 (4.12%) EMC
10 4 (4.12%) NetApp
10 4 (4.12%) ServiceNow
11 3 (3.09%) MuleSoft
12 2 (2.06%) Apple
12 2 (2.06%) HP
12 2 (2.06%) Ivanti
12 2 (2.06%) Lotus
12 2 (2.06%) Nimble Storage
12 2 (2.06%) Rackspace
12 2 (2.06%) Temenos