Period
to 22 May 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK > England
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 146 164 141
Rank change year-on-year +18 -23 -19
Contract jobs citing C 1,543 1,504 1,583
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.85% 1.63% 1.90%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.29% 3.77% 4.60%
Number of daily rates quoted 770 811 850
England median daily rate £450 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.26% +5.56% +10.09%
10th Percentile £310 £313 £313
90th Percentile £663 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £450 £475 £440
% change year-on-year -5.26% +7.95% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 197 199 207
England median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £37.50 £20.00 £22.71
90th Percentile £52.50 £48.75 £52.93
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £42.50 £42.50
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 35,941 39,889 34,405
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 43.20% 43.33% 41.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 25,143 28,053 23,735
England median daily rate £484 £475 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.89% +7.95% +3.53%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £300
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +1.19%
Number of hourly rates quoted 601 718 746
England median hourly rate £43.00 £41.00 £41.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.88% -1.20% +7.10%
10th Percentile £18.13 £17.48 £17.00
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £54.38
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.38
% change year-on-year +6.25% -3.32% +7.47%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing C in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing C in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for C in England

C
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -49 451 £513 -6.82% 125
South East +26 367 £425 - 121
South West +18 283 £450 +5.88% 79
East of England +15 188 £410 -13.68% 156
North of England -2 124 £400 - 81
Midlands +70 123 £425 +6.32% 42
West Midlands +51 89 £425 +6.25% 28
Yorkshire +43 74 £425 +3.03% 24
East Midlands +31 33 £318 -15.20% 14
North West -15 31 £400 -5.88% 46
North East -18 19 £310 -17.33% 11
C
UK

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 604 (39.14%) C++
2 468 (30.33%) Software Engineering
3 383 (24.82%) Linux
4 332 (21.52%) Agile Software Development
5 331 (21.45%) Java
6 314 (20.35%) Python
7 298 (19.31%) Security Cleared
8 217 (14.06%) SQL
9 210 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
10 196 (12.70%) Finance
11 194 (12.57%) Degree
12 179 (11.60%) SC Cleared
13 147 (9.53%) Embedded C
14 134 (8.68%) Microsoft
15 132 (8.55%) Unix
16 129 (8.36%) Project Management
17 123 (7.97%) Windows
18 122 (7.91%) DV Cleared
19 112 (7.26%) Android
19 112 (7.26%) Analytical Skills
20 109 (7.06%) Oracle
20 109 (7.06%) Scrum
21 108 (7.00%) UML
22 106 (6.87%) C#
23 105 (6.80%) JavaScript
24 101 (6.55%) DevOps
25 97 (6.29%) TDD
26 93 (6.03%) Configuration Management
27 91 (5.90%) Multithreading
28 90 (5.83%) Computer Science

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 34 (2.20%) Confluence
2 31 (2.01%) SAS
3 30 (1.94%) Apache Spark
4 20 (1.30%) SharePoint
4 20 (1.30%) Tomcat
5 18 (1.17%) JBoss
6 16 (1.04%) Apache
7 13 (0.84%) CMS
8 9 (0.58%) MS Exchange
8 9 (0.58%) OpenStack
8 9 (0.58%) Skype for Business
9 8 (0.52%) Elasticsearch
10 7 (0.45%) TPMS
11 6 (0.39%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.26%) Apache Qpid
12 4 (0.26%) Jupyter
12 4 (0.26%) SharePoint Server
13 3 (0.19%) ArcGIS
13 3 (0.19%) Camunda
13 3 (0.19%) WebLogic
Applications
1 70 (4.54%) Microsoft Excel
2 42 (2.72%) Microsoft Office
3 30 (1.94%) Simulink
4 25 (1.62%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (1.04%) Spreadsheet
6 14 (0.91%) MS Visio
7 9 (0.58%) Stateflow
8 8 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
9 7 (0.45%) Adobe Illustrator
10 5 (0.32%) Inkscape
11 3 (0.19%) Photoshop
12 2 (0.13%) GIMP
12 2 (0.13%) InVision
13 1 (0.065%) Adobe XD
13 1 (0.065%) AutoCAD
13 1 (0.065%) GNU Octave
13 1 (0.065%) Sketch
13 1 (0.065%) SPSS
13 1 (0.065%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 11 (0.71%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.65%) SAP S/4HANA
3 9 (0.58%) Dynamics NAV
4 8 (0.52%) ION MarketView
5 3 (0.19%) C-CURE
5 3 (0.19%) Oracle Retail
5 3 (0.19%) Remedy ITSM
5 3 (0.19%) SAP Hybris
6 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.13%) Sage 200
6 2 (0.13%) SAP CRM
6 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 2 (0.13%) Scribe Insight
7 1 (0.065%) BusinessWorks
7 1 (0.065%) LabWindows
7 1 (0.065%) Magento
7 1 (0.065%) Oracle Applications
7 1 (0.065%) Oracle Financials
7 1 (0.065%) Primavera
7 1 (0.065%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 81 (5.25%) Amazon AWS
2 79 (5.12%) Microsoft Azure
3 42 (2.72%) Google Cloud Platform
4 31 (2.01%) Office 365
5 22 (1.43%) PaaS
5 22 (1.43%) Power Platform
5 22 (1.43%) Serverless
6 21 (1.36%) GitHub
7 17 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
8 16 (1.04%) IaaS
9 10 (0.65%) Amazon S3
9 10 (0.65%) SaaS
10 8 (0.52%) AWS Lambda
10 8 (0.52%) Azure Active Directory
10 8 (0.52%) OpenShift
11 7 (0.45%) Azure Stack
12 6 (0.39%) Adobe Analytics
12 6 (0.39%) Amazon SQS
12 6 (0.39%) AWS CloudFormation
13 4 (0.26%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 73 (4.73%) Wireless
2 42 (2.72%) Firewall
3 39 (2.53%) TCP/IP
4 38 (2.46%) DNS
5 33 (2.14%) Ethernet
6 31 (2.01%) Internet
7 29 (1.88%) 5G
8 26 (1.69%) 3GPP
8 26 (1.69%) Bluetooth
8 26 (1.69%) HTTP
9 24 (1.56%) WAN
10 22 (1.43%) Wireshark
11 20 (1.30%) LAN
11 20 (1.30%) LTE
11 20 (1.30%) VoIP
12 19 (1.23%) SSL
13 18 (1.17%) IPv6
13 18 (1.17%) VPN
13 18 (1.17%) ZigBee
14 17 (1.10%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 55 (3.56%) SQL Server
2 43 (2.79%) Big Data
3 42 (2.72%) MySQL
4 35 (2.27%) MongoDB
5 33 (2.14%) Hadoop
6 32 (2.07%) PostgreSQL
7 29 (1.88%) Relational Database
8 27 (1.75%) Oracle Database
9 26 (1.69%) NoSQL
10 22 (1.43%) Power BI
11 20 (1.30%) BigQuery
11 20 (1.30%) Data Warehouse
12 19 (1.23%) Apache Hive
13 18 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
14 15 (0.97%) Sqoop
15 10 (0.65%) Azure SQL Database
16 9 (0.58%) SAP HANA
17 8 (0.52%) Adabas
17 8 (0.52%) Data Mining
17 8 (0.52%) Redis
Development Applications
1 80 (5.18%) Git (software)
2 70 (4.54%) JIRA
3 63 (4.08%) Rational DOORS
4 59 (3.82%) Jenkins
5 46 (2.98%) Rational Rhapsody
6 37 (2.40%) ProC
7 30 (1.94%) Visual Studio
8 28 (1.81%) Subversion
9 26 (1.69%) Ant
10 21 (1.36%) ClearCase
11 19 (1.23%) Maven
12 18 (1.17%) Selenium
13 16 (1.04%) NUnit
13 16 (1.04%) Oracle Forms
14 15 (0.97%) CppUnit
14 15 (0.97%) GoogleTest
14 15 (0.97%) PVCS
15 14 (0.91%) Gradle
15 14 (0.91%) Xcode
16 13 (0.84%) JUnit
General
1 196 (12.70%) Finance
2 87 (5.64%) Electronics
3 77 (4.99%) Banking
4 62 (4.02%) Telecoms
5 44 (2.85%) Aerospace
5 44 (2.85%) Law
6 34 (2.20%) Manufacturing
7 31 (2.01%) Automotive
8 28 (1.81%) Retail
9 27 (1.75%) Marketing
10 19 (1.23%) Avionics
11 18 (1.17%) Military
12 15 (0.97%) Games
13 13 (0.84%) Legal
14 11 (0.71%) Publishing
15 8 (0.52%) Billing
15 8 (0.52%) Investment Banking
16 7 (0.45%) Back Office
16 7 (0.45%) Front Office
17 6 (0.39%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 361 (23.40%) Developer
2 290 (18.79%) Software Engineer
3 168 (10.89%) Embedded Engineer
4 139 (9.01%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 101 (6.55%) Analyst
6 87 (5.64%) Architect
7 84 (5.44%) C++ Developer
8 71 (4.60%) C++ Software Engineer
9 65 (4.21%) C Developer
10 60 (3.89%) Consultant
11 52 (3.37%) C Software Engineer
12 50 (3.24%) Android Developer
13 49 (3.18%) Project Manager
14 45 (2.92%) Java Developer
15 44 (2.85%) Linux Developer
16 43 (2.79%) Software Developer
17 37 (2.40%) C/C++ Software Engineer
18 35 (2.27%) Solutions Architect
19 33 (2.14%) Systems Engineer
20 31 (2.01%) Business Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 73 (4.73%) Web Services
1 73 (4.73%) XML
2 61 (3.95%) HTML
3 51 (3.31%) .NET
4 44 (2.85%) AngularJS
5 43 (2.79%) CSS
6 40 (2.59%) Spring
7 35 (2.27%) JSON
7 35 (2.27%) REST
7 35 (2.27%) SOAP
8 34 (2.20%) Middleware
9 29 (1.88%) Qt
10 28 (1.81%) Kafka
10 28 (1.81%) Node.js
11 26 (1.69%) React
12 23 (1.49%) LDAP
13 21 (1.36%) Natural Language Processing
14 17 (1.10%) JSP
15 16 (1.04%) Hibernate
16 15 (0.97%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 112 (7.26%) Analytical Skills
2 69 (4.47%) Algorithms
3 64 (4.15%) Embedded Systems
4 42 (2.72%) Greenfield Project
4 42 (2.72%) VHDL
5 36 (2.33%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
6 35 (2.27%) Data Centre
7 29 (1.88%) Device Driver
8 27 (1.75%) Self-Motivation
9 26 (1.69%) ASIC
10 24 (1.56%) User Experience
11 23 (1.49%) Management Information System
12 22 (1.43%) Mobile App
13 20 (1.30%) Linux Command Line
14 19 (1.23%) Mainframe
15 18 (1.17%) Data Structures
16 17 (1.10%) PKI
17 16 (1.04%) Derivative
17 16 (1.04%) TMS320
18 15 (0.97%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 383 (24.82%) Linux
2 132 (8.55%) Unix
3 123 (7.97%) Windows
4 112 (7.26%) Android
5 35 (2.27%) Apple iOS
6 31 (2.01%) Embedded Linux
6 31 (2.01%) Solaris
7 27 (1.75%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 22 (1.43%) Windows 7
9 18 (1.17%) OpenVMS
10 16 (1.04%) Windows 10
10 16 (1.04%) Windows Server
11 15 (0.97%) Windows Server 2008
11 15 (0.97%) Windows Server 2012
12 11 (0.71%) CentOS
13 8 (0.52%) Mac OS
13 8 (0.52%) VME
13 8 (0.52%) Windows 8
14 7 (0.45%) Ubuntu
15 6 (0.39%) FreeRTOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 468 (30.33%) Software Engineering
2 332 (21.52%) Agile Software Development
3 210 (13.61%) Problem-Solving
4 129 (8.36%) Project Management
5 109 (7.06%) Scrum
6 108 (7.00%) UML
7 101 (6.55%) DevOps
8 97 (6.29%) TDD
9 93 (6.03%) Configuration Management
10 91 (5.90%) Multithreading
11 90 (5.83%) Computer Science
12 75 (4.86%) Stakeholder Management
13 68 (4.41%) Test Automation
14 66 (4.28%) Analytics
15 64 (4.15%) Mathematics
16 63 (4.08%) SDLC
17 62 (4.02%) Continuous Integration
17 62 (4.02%) ITIL
18 61 (3.95%) Change Management
18 61 (3.95%) Machine Learning
Programming Languages
1 604 (39.14%) C++
2 331 (21.45%) Java
3 314 (20.35%) Python
4 217 (14.06%) SQL
5 147 (9.53%) Embedded C
6 106 (6.87%) C#
7 105 (6.80%) JavaScript
8 84 (5.44%) MATLAB
9 78 (5.06%) Perl
10 70 (4.54%) Embedded C++
11 52 (3.37%) PL/SQL
12 47 (3.05%) Ruby
13 45 (2.92%) R
13 45 (2.92%) Shell Script
14 43 (2.79%) Bash Shell
15 36 (2.33%) PHP
16 35 (2.27%) PowerShell
17 31 (2.01%) Assembly Language
18 29 (1.88%) Java 8
19 27 (1.75%) Korn
Qualifications
1 298 (19.31%) Security Cleared
2 194 (12.57%) Degree
3 179 (11.60%) SC Cleared
4 122 (7.91%) DV Cleared
5 36 (2.33%) Computer Science Degree
6 27 (1.75%) PRINCE2 Certification
7 21 (1.36%) PhD
8 20 (1.30%) Microsoft Certification
9 16 (1.04%) BPSS Clearance
10 14 (0.91%) CISSP
10 14 (0.91%) PMI Certification
11 13 (0.84%) ISTQB
12 12 (0.78%) Master's Degree
12 12 (0.78%) PMP
13 10 (0.65%) CISM
14 8 (0.52%) MCP
15 7 (0.45%) APMP
15 7 (0.45%) OCP
15 7 (0.45%) Oracle Certification
15 7 (0.45%) SAP Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 36 (2.33%) MISRA
2 30 (1.94%) QA
3 26 (1.69%) DO-178B
3 26 (1.69%) PMO
4 18 (1.17%) MISRA C
5 15 (0.97%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 13 (0.84%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 13 (0.84%) JSP 440
7 12 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 11 (0.71%) HMG Infosec
9 9 (0.58%) DO-254
10 8 (0.52%) Data Quality
10 8 (0.52%) SLA
11 6 (0.39%) HIPAA
11 6 (0.39%) JTAG
12 5 (0.32%) GDPR
12 5 (0.32%) IEC 61508
13 3 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 20000
13 3 (0.19%) PSD2
14 2 (0.13%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 69 (4.47%) Firmware
2 66 (4.28%) Active Directory
3 65 (4.21%) Docker
4 20 (1.30%) VMware Infrastructure
5 16 (1.04%) Apache Flume
6 10 (0.65%) Virtual Machines
7 9 (0.58%) Hyper-V
8 8 (0.52%) vSphere
9 7 (0.45%) NFS
10 6 (0.39%) RACF
10 6 (0.39%) Shibboleth
11 5 (0.32%) VMware ESXi
11 5 (0.32%) XenApp
12 4 (0.26%) HDFS
13 3 (0.19%) Oracle RAC
13 3 (0.19%) Terminal Server
13 3 (0.19%) Virtual Desktop
14 2 (0.13%) Forefront TMG
14 2 (0.13%) OpenDJ
14 2 (0.13%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 50 (3.24%) Kubernetes
2 40 (2.59%) Ansible
3 31 (2.01%) Puppet
4 15 (0.97%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (0.97%) Terraform
5 12 (0.78%) HP ALM
6 7 (0.45%) HP Quality Center
7 6 (0.39%) vRealize
7 6 (0.39%) WSUS
8 5 (0.32%) Cisco CUCM
8 5 (0.32%) Microsoft Clustering
8 5 (0.32%) Nagios
8 5 (0.32%) Packer
8 5 (0.32%) Single Sign-On
9 4 (0.26%) nmon
9 4 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
9 4 (0.26%) SCCM
9 4 (0.26%) vMotion
10 3 (0.19%) AirWatch
10 3 (0.19%) Microsoft Data Protection Manager
Vendors
1 134 (8.68%) Microsoft
2 109 (7.06%) Oracle
3 37 (2.40%) Cisco
4 33 (2.14%) SAP
4 33 (2.14%) VMware
5 32 (2.07%) IBM
6 29 (1.88%) HP
7 28 (1.81%) Google
7 28 (1.81%) Red Hat
8 17 (1.10%) ServiceNow
9 16 (1.04%) Adobe
10 15 (0.97%) Atlassian
11 11 (0.71%) BT
11 11 (0.71%) Citrix
11 11 (0.71%) F5
11 11 (0.71%) Micro Focus
11 11 (0.71%) Splunk
11 11 (0.71%) Xilinx
12 10 (0.65%) CA Agile Central
12 10 (0.65%) Salesforce.com