Period
to 18 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 18 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK > England
6 months to
18 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 166 172 130
Rank change year-on-year +6 -42 +7
Contract jobs citing C 1,621 1,509 1,902
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 1.69% 1.59% 2.01%
As % of the Programming Languages category 3.75% 3.76% 4.95%
Number of daily rates quoted 902 813 1,006
England median daily rate £475 £473 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.53% +11.18% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £305 £264
90th Percentile £675 £685 £584
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 184 173 230
England median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +1.91%
10th Percentile £22.50 £26.25 £16.01
90th Percentile £51.10 £52.25 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +3.90%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 43,263 40,153 38,452
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 45.11% 42.23% 40.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 30,791 28,463 26,618
England median daily rate £475 £468 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.60% +10.00% +3.03%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £290
90th Percentile £650 £638 £600
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 636 728 799
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £39.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +1.27% +5.33%
10th Percentile £17.38 £16.34 £14.71
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.33 £51.61
UK median hourly rate £41.92 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.81% - +6.67%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing C in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing C in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 18 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for C in England

C
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 18 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -13 599 £525 - 309
South East +36 350 £385 -3.75% 294
South West +4 232 £448 +11.88% 186
East of England -16 192 £425 +6.12% 230
North of England +31 142 £375 -21.05% 214
Midlands -5 98 £425 +21.43% 200
North West +16 74 £375 -21.05% 135
West Midlands -31 64 £469 +44.23% 134
Yorkshire +26 58 £400 -8.57% 54
East Midlands +22 31 £365 -8.86% 66
North East -12 10 £375 -14.77% 25
South Coast -1 1 - -
C
UK

For the 6 months to 18 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 634 (39.11%) C++
2 419 (25.85%) Software Engineering
3 385 (23.75%) Python
4 367 (22.64%) Linux
5 350 (21.59%) Java
6 318 (19.62%) Agile Software Development
7 291 (17.95%) Security Cleared
8 266 (16.41%) Finance
9 221 (13.63%) C#
10 212 (13.08%) SQL
11 202 (12.46%) Windows
12 175 (10.80%) SC Cleared
13 167 (10.30%) Embedded C
14 164 (10.12%) Degree
15 157 (9.69%) Microsoft
16 149 (9.19%) JavaScript
16 149 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
17 144 (8.88%) Project Management
18 143 (8.82%) Unix
19 139 (8.57%) Git (software)
20 131 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
21 127 (7.83%) Test Automation
22 126 (7.77%) Microsoft Azure
23 123 (7.59%) Unit Testing
24 116 (7.16%) DV Cleared
25 115 (7.09%) Computer Science
26 111 (6.85%) Scrum
27 110 (6.79%) XML
27 110 (6.79%) .NET
27 110 (6.79%) SDLC

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 49 (3.02%) Confluence
2 36 (2.22%) SharePoint
3 20 (1.23%) Apache
3 20 (1.23%) CMS
4 19 (1.17%) WebSphere
5 14 (0.86%) JBoss
5 14 (0.86%) OpenStack
6 11 (0.68%) Apache Spark
6 11 (0.68%) SAS
7 10 (0.62%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 9 (0.56%) Apache Pig
8 9 (0.56%) MS Exchange
9 8 (0.49%) TPMS
10 7 (0.43%) Elasticsearch
10 7 (0.43%) Skype for Business
11 5 (0.31%) Tomcat
12 4 (0.25%) IIS
12 4 (0.25%) SharePoint Server
12 4 (0.25%) WebLogic
12 4 (0.25%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 67 (4.13%) Microsoft Excel
2 65 (4.01%) Microsoft Office
3 41 (2.53%) Simulink
4 20 (1.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 17 (1.05%) Microsoft Project
6 12 (0.74%) MS Visio
7 5 (0.31%) SPSS
7 5 (0.31%) Stateflow
8 4 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 3 (0.19%) InVision
9 3 (0.19%) Maya
10 2 (0.12%) Adobe Illustrator
10 2 (0.12%) GIMP
10 2 (0.12%) Photoshop
10 2 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
11 1 (0.062%) AutoCAD
11 1 (0.062%) Camtasia
11 1 (0.062%) GNU Octave
Business Applications
1 16 (0.99%) Dynamics NAV
2 7 (0.43%) Primavera
2 7 (0.43%) SAP S/4HANA
3 6 (0.37%) Workday HCM
4 5 (0.31%) Dynamics CRM
5 4 (0.25%) ION MarketView
6 3 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.19%) LabWindows
7 2 (0.12%) Markit EDM
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle BPM
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle BRM
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
7 2 (0.12%) Oracle Receivables
7 2 (0.12%) Remedy ITSM
7 2 (0.12%) Sage 200
7 2 (0.12%) Sage CRM
7 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 2 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 2 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
8 1 (0.062%) Magento
Cloud Services
1 126 (7.77%) Microsoft Azure
2 107 (6.60%) Amazon AWS
3 35 (2.16%) Office 365
4 34 (2.10%) PaaS
5 31 (1.91%) Cloud Computing
6 27 (1.67%) SaaS
7 25 (1.54%) Google Cloud Platform
8 18 (1.11%) GitHub
9 15 (0.93%) IaaS
9 15 (0.93%) Serverless
10 14 (0.86%) Amazon S3
10 14 (0.86%) NuGet
11 12 (0.74%) Amazon EC2
12 8 (0.49%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (0.49%) AWS Lambda
13 7 (0.43%) Amazon EMR
14 6 (0.37%) Akamai
14 6 (0.37%) Amazon Alexa
15 5 (0.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 5 (0.31%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 58 (3.58%) HTTP
1 58 (3.58%) TCP/IP
2 52 (3.21%) Wireless
3 46 (2.84%) DNS
4 44 (2.71%) Firewall
5 41 (2.53%) Internet
6 33 (2.04%) Wi-Fi
7 32 (1.97%) VoIP
8 30 (1.85%) SSL
9 29 (1.79%) DHCP
10 28 (1.73%) VPN
11 27 (1.67%) WAN
12 25 (1.54%) Bluetooth
13 23 (1.42%) SNMP
14 22 (1.36%) SAN
14 22 (1.36%) Wireshark
15 21 (1.30%) LAN
16 19 (1.17%) Network Security
17 16 (0.99%) Ethernet
18 15 (0.93%) 802.11
Database & Business Intelligence
1 89 (5.49%) SQL Server
2 52 (3.21%) MySQL
3 37 (2.28%) Relational Database
4 33 (2.04%) Hadoop
5 31 (1.91%) Oracle Database
6 27 (1.67%) PostgreSQL
7 26 (1.60%) Big Data
7 26 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
8 25 (1.54%) Azure SQL Database
8 25 (1.54%) NoSQL
9 20 (1.23%) Apache Hive
10 19 (1.17%) Blockchain
10 19 (1.17%) HBase
10 19 (1.17%) MongoDB
11 18 (1.11%) Cosmos DB
11 18 (1.11%) RDBMS
12 17 (1.05%) Power BI
13 14 (0.86%) MariaDB
14 13 (0.80%) DB2
15 12 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 139 (8.57%) Git (software)
2 95 (5.86%) Jenkins
3 90 (5.55%) JIRA
4 71 (4.38%) Subversion
5 46 (2.84%) Visual Studio
6 41 (2.53%) Rational DOORS
7 39 (2.41%) Selenium
8 37 (2.28%) Ant
9 35 (2.16%) ClearCase
10 34 (2.10%) NUnit
11 33 (2.04%) TeamCity
12 31 (1.91%) Gradle
13 30 (1.85%) Rational Rhapsody
14 28 (1.73%) GoogleTest
15 26 (1.60%) JUnit
16 25 (1.54%) CppUnit
17 24 (1.48%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 22 (1.36%) Maven
19 21 (1.30%) ProC
20 18 (1.11%) MSBuild
General
1 266 (16.41%) Finance
2 105 (6.48%) Banking
3 58 (3.58%) Electronics
4 54 (3.33%) Automotive
4 54 (3.33%) Telecoms
5 40 (2.47%) Retail
6 39 (2.41%) Law
7 37 (2.28%) Aerospace
8 24 (1.48%) Front Office
8 24 (1.48%) Games
9 22 (1.36%) Manufacturing
10 20 (1.23%) Military
11 17 (1.05%) Marketing
12 16 (0.99%) Avionics
13 15 (0.93%) Legal
14 14 (0.86%) Billing
15 12 (0.74%) Investment Banking
16 10 (0.62%) Mandarin Language
17 6 (0.37%) Financial Institution
17 6 (0.37%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 458 (28.25%) Developer
2 267 (16.47%) Software Engineer
3 145 (8.95%) Embedded Engineer
4 128 (7.90%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 121 (7.46%) Analyst
6 110 (6.79%) Architect
7 83 (5.12%) C++ Developer
8 66 (4.07%) C++ Software Engineer
9 64 (3.95%) C Developer
10 58 (3.58%) Project Manager
11 57 (3.52%) Consultant
12 55 (3.39%) Java Developer
13 52 (3.21%) C Software Engineer
14 44 (2.71%) DevOps Engineer
14 44 (2.71%) Tester
15 41 (2.53%) Software Developer
15 41 (2.53%) Test Engineer
16 40 (2.47%) Solutions Architect
17 39 (2.41%) C# Developer
18 35 (2.16%) Android Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 110 (6.79%) .NET
1 110 (6.79%) XML
2 84 (5.18%) HTML
3 78 (4.81%) AngularJS
3 78 (4.81%) Web Services
4 66 (4.07%) CSS
5 59 (3.64%) REST
6 55 (3.39%) JSON
7 48 (2.96%) HTML5
8 47 (2.90%) SOAP
9 41 (2.53%) Middleware
9 41 (2.53%) React
10 40 (2.47%) .NET Framework
10 40 (2.47%) CSS3
11 33 (2.04%) RESTful
11 33 (2.04%) STL
12 28 (1.73%) Android NDK
12 28 (1.73%) JSP
12 28 (1.73%) Node.js
13 27 (1.67%) Android SDK
Miscellaneous
1 131 (8.08%) Analytical Skills
2 72 (4.44%) Embedded Systems
3 57 (3.52%) Algorithms
4 52 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
5 46 (2.84%) Self-Motivation
6 40 (2.47%) Management Information System
7 38 (2.34%) Data Centre
8 36 (2.22%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
8 36 (2.22%) Fintech
9 34 (2.10%) Derivative
10 32 (1.97%) User Experience
11 31 (1.91%) Device Driver
12 28 (1.73%) Mobile App
13 24 (1.48%) Fixed Income
14 17 (1.05%) Client/Server
14 17 (1.05%) Data Structures
15 14 (0.86%) Cyberthreat
15 14 (0.86%) Linux Command Line
15 14 (0.86%) SWIFT
15 14 (0.86%) VHDL
Operating Systems
1 367 (22.64%) Linux
2 202 (12.46%) Windows
3 143 (8.82%) Unix
4 87 (5.37%) Android
5 41 (2.53%) Apple iOS
6 40 (2.47%) Windows 7
7 38 (2.34%) Embedded Linux
8 34 (2.10%) Windows Server
9 26 (1.60%) Solaris
10 24 (1.48%) Windows 8
11 22 (1.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 20 (1.23%) OpenVMS
13 16 (0.99%) Windows 10
14 15 (0.93%) Kali Linux
14 15 (0.93%) Windows Server 2008
15 13 (0.80%) SUSE
15 13 (0.80%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 11 (0.68%) VME
16 11 (0.68%) Windows Server 2012
17 7 (0.43%) CentOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 419 (25.85%) Software Engineering
2 318 (19.62%) Agile Software Development
3 149 (9.19%) Problem-Solving
4 144 (8.88%) Project Management
5 127 (7.83%) Test Automation
6 123 (7.59%) Unit Testing
7 115 (7.09%) Computer Science
8 111 (6.85%) Scrum
9 110 (6.79%) SDLC
10 104 (6.42%) DevOps
11 90 (5.55%) TDD
12 88 (5.43%) Continuous Integration
13 87 (5.37%) Migration
14 86 (5.31%) Mathematics
15 84 (5.18%) Configuration Management
16 82 (5.06%) OO
17 81 (5.00%) UML
18 80 (4.94%) Microservices
19 72 (4.44%) Stakeholder Management
20 70 (4.32%) Integration Testing
Programming Languages
1 634 (39.11%) C++
2 385 (23.75%) Python
3 350 (21.59%) Java
4 221 (13.63%) C#
5 212 (13.08%) SQL
6 167 (10.30%) Embedded C
7 149 (9.19%) JavaScript
8 83 (5.12%) Perl
8 83 (5.12%) Ruby
9 73 (4.50%) Bash Shell
10 72 (4.44%) PowerShell
11 66 (4.07%) MATLAB
12 61 (3.76%) Embedded C++
12 61 (3.76%) Go
13 38 (2.34%) Shell Script
14 37 (2.28%) PHP
15 34 (2.10%) PL/SQL
16 33 (2.04%) Objective-C
17 25 (1.54%) Scala
18 24 (1.48%) C++/CLI
Qualifications
1 291 (17.95%) Security Cleared
2 175 (10.80%) SC Cleared
3 164 (10.12%) Degree
4 116 (7.16%) DV Cleared
5 51 (3.15%) Computer Science Degree
6 25 (1.54%) Cisco Certification
7 20 (1.23%) CCNA
8 16 (0.99%) CCNP
9 15 (0.93%) CISSP
9 15 (0.93%) Microsoft Certification
10 14 (0.86%) PMI Certification
10 14 (0.86%) SANS
11 13 (0.80%) OSCE
12 12 (0.74%) CREST Certified
12 12 (0.74%) ISTQB
13 10 (0.62%) OSCP
14 9 (0.56%) ITIL Certification
14 9 (0.56%) PMP
14 9 (0.56%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
15 8 (0.49%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 50 (3.08%) QA
2 45 (2.78%) MISRA
3 27 (1.67%) JSP 440
3 27 (1.67%) MISRA C
3 27 (1.67%) PMO
4 26 (1.60%) HMG Security Policy Framework
5 24 (1.48%) HMG Infosec
6 21 (1.30%) SLA
7 14 (0.86%) DO-178B
8 11 (0.68%) GDPR
9 9 (0.56%) HIPAA
9 9 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 8 (0.49%) Data Quality
10 8 (0.49%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 6 (0.37%) ISO 20022
12 5 (0.31%) PSD2
13 4 (0.25%) IEC 61508
13 4 (0.25%) ISO 26262
13 4 (0.25%) PCI DSS
14 3 (0.19%) JTAG
System Software
1 65 (4.01%) Docker
2 38 (2.34%) Active Directory
3 32 (1.97%) Firmware
4 30 (1.85%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.86%) VMware ESXi
6 10 (0.62%) Hyper-V
6 10 (0.62%) vSphere
7 8 (0.49%) Oracle RAC
7 8 (0.49%) Virtual Machines
8 7 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 6 (0.37%) HDFS
9 6 (0.37%) Microsoft App-V
10 4 (0.25%) KVM
10 4 (0.25%) OpenAM
10 4 (0.25%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.25%) XenDesktop
11 3 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.19%) NFS
12 2 (0.12%) ACF2
12 2 (0.12%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 61 (3.76%) Ansible
2 46 (2.84%) Kubernetes
3 43 (2.65%) Opscode Chef
4 38 (2.34%) Puppet
5 33 (2.04%) Terraform
6 14 (0.86%) HP ALM
6 14 (0.86%) Nessus
7 13 (0.80%) Nmap
8 12 (0.74%) CFEngine
8 12 (0.74%) Salt
8 12 (0.74%) SCCM
9 9 (0.56%) HP Quality Center
9 9 (0.56%) Packer
10 7 (0.43%) vCenter Server
11 6 (0.37%) Hadoop YARN
11 6 (0.37%) Oozie
12 5 (0.31%) Ambari
12 5 (0.31%) nmon
12 5 (0.31%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
13 4 (0.25%) Cisco CUCM
Vendors
1 157 (9.69%) Microsoft
2 93 (5.74%) Oracle
3 42 (2.59%) VMware
4 39 (2.41%) Cisco
5 38 (2.34%) Google
6 31 (1.91%) HP
6 31 (1.91%) IBM
6 31 (1.91%) Red Hat
7 24 (1.48%) Splunk
8 19 (1.17%) SAP
9 15 (0.93%) Adobe
10 14 (0.86%) F5
11 13 (0.80%) Citrix
11 13 (0.80%) EMC
11 13 (0.80%) Sybase
12 12 (0.74%) Serena
13 10 (0.62%) Green Hills
13 10 (0.62%) NetApp
14 9 (0.56%) Atlassian
15 8 (0.49%) hybris