Period
to 5 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 5 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK > England
6 months to
5 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 115 161 168
Rank change year-on-year +46 +7 -36
Contract jobs citing C 1,590 1,614 1,546
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 2.13% 1.69% 1.63%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.13% 3.74% 3.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 871 907 823
England median daily rate £455 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.21% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £310 £305
90th Percentile £650 £675 £675
UK median daily rate £450 £464 £450
% change year-on-year -2.96% +3.06% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 214 175 172
England median hourly rate £46.50 £42.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.41% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £32.50 £22.50 £26.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.55 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £42.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +8.24% +1.19% +5.00%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 31,006 43,112 40,155
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 41.52% 45.04% 42.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,606 30,764 28,381
England median daily rate £488 £475 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.63% +2.70% +8.82%
10th Percentile £325 £320 £310
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
% change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 609 625 749
England median hourly rate £43.50 £42.19 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.11% +5.48% +5.26%
10th Percentile £17.00 £17.06 £16.25
90th Percentile £55.00 £52.50 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £42.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +2.38% +5.00% +3.90%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing C in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing C in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in England

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 5 December 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for C in England

C
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 5 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +6 423 £525 - 245
South West +41 391 £450 +0.56% 145
South East +41 353 £425 +9.32% 318
East of England +17 185 £450 - 206
North of England +24 130 £400 +6.67% 198
Midlands +49 96 £400 -5.88% 186
West Midlands +57 82 £405 -12.43% 91
North West +1 61 £375 - 89
Yorkshire +21 38 £395 -1.25% 86
North East +35 31 £453 +33.09% 23
East Midlands +15 14 £400 +9.72% 95
C
UK

For the 6 months to 5 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 597 (37.55%) C++
2 480 (30.19%) Software Engineering
3 466 (29.31%) Agile Software Development
4 387 (24.34%) Linux
5 338 (21.26%) Security Cleared
6 304 (19.12%) Python
7 238 (14.97%) Java
7 238 (14.97%) SC Cleared
8 213 (13.40%) Windows
9 205 (12.89%) Embedded C
10 185 (11.64%) Finance
11 178 (11.19%) Microsoft
12 176 (11.07%) SQL
13 159 (10.00%) Degree
14 157 (9.87%) Scrum
15 156 (9.81%) UML
16 155 (9.75%) C#
17 154 (9.69%) JIRA
17 154 (9.69%) DV Cleared
18 131 (8.24%) Problem-Solving
19 129 (8.11%) DevOps
20 121 (7.61%) TDD
21 119 (7.48%) Unix
22 113 (7.11%) Analytical Skills
23 111 (6.98%) Oracle
24 107 (6.73%) Embedded C++
25 106 (6.67%) Test Automation
26 104 (6.54%) Continuous Integration
27 103 (6.48%) Git (software)
27 103 (6.48%) Azure

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 98 (6.16%) Confluence
2 29 (1.82%) CMS
3 23 (1.45%) Apache Spark
4 17 (1.07%) JBoss
5 14 (0.88%) MS Exchange
6 12 (0.75%) Exchange Server 2010
6 12 (0.75%) SharePoint
7 10 (0.63%) SAS
8 9 (0.57%) Apache
9 8 (0.50%) Elasticsearch
9 8 (0.50%) OpenStack
9 8 (0.50%) Skype for Business
9 8 (0.50%) WebLogic
10 6 (0.38%) IIS
11 5 (0.31%) Captiva
11 5 (0.31%) Documentum
12 4 (0.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 3 (0.19%) Kinematics
13 3 (0.19%) WebSphere
14 2 (0.13%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 53 (3.33%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (2.58%) Microsoft Office
3 26 (1.64%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 26 (1.64%) Simulink
4 18 (1.13%) Microsoft Project
5 14 (0.88%) MS Visio
6 9 (0.57%) Stateflow
7 8 (0.50%) Spreadsheet
8 7 (0.44%) Adobe Illustrator
8 7 (0.44%) Inkscape
9 2 (0.13%) AutoCAD
9 2 (0.13%) FileZilla
9 2 (0.13%) Notepad++
10 1 (0.063%) Abaqus
10 1 (0.063%) Autodesk Inventor
10 1 (0.063%) CATIA
10 1 (0.063%) Chatbot
10 1 (0.063%) SOLIDWORKS
10 1 (0.063%) Windchill
Business Applications
1 20 (1.26%) Dynamics NAV
1 20 (1.26%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 18 (1.13%) ION MarketView
3 10 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
4 9 (0.57%) FINCAD Analytics
5 8 (0.50%) SAP S/4HANA
6 4 (0.25%) SAP CO
6 4 (0.25%) SAP FI
6 4 (0.25%) SAP FI/CO
7 3 (0.19%) LabWindows
7 3 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
7 3 (0.19%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.13%) assyst
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle BPM
8 2 (0.13%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
8 2 (0.13%) SAP CRM
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
8 2 (0.13%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.13%) SAP WM
9 1 (0.063%) SAP MM
Cloud Services
1 103 (6.48%) Azure
2 86 (5.41%) AWS
3 36 (2.26%) Office 365
4 26 (1.64%) GCP
5 20 (1.26%) Cloud Computing
5 20 (1.26%) Power Platform
6 19 (1.19%) Serverless
7 17 (1.07%) GitHub
7 17 (1.07%) IaaS
8 16 (1.01%) PaaS
8 16 (1.01%) SaaS
9 15 (0.94%) OpenShift
10 11 (0.69%) Amazon S3
11 10 (0.63%) AWS Lambda
12 8 (0.50%) Adobe Analytics
12 8 (0.50%) Amazon SQS
12 8 (0.50%) AWS Step Functions
13 7 (0.44%) Azure Active Directory
13 7 (0.44%) Datadog
13 7 (0.44%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 74 (4.65%) Internet
2 71 (4.47%) DNS
3 56 (3.52%) Wireless
4 55 (3.46%) TCP/IP
5 49 (3.08%) Firewall
6 41 (2.58%) Ethernet
7 36 (2.26%) DHCP
8 34 (2.14%) Wireshark
9 32 (2.01%) Bluetooth
10 28 (1.76%) Wi-Fi
11 26 (1.64%) LAN
12 23 (1.45%) WAN
13 21 (1.32%) SNMP
14 20 (1.26%) RS-485
15 17 (1.07%) RS-232
16 16 (1.01%) VPN
16 16 (1.01%) ZigBee
17 15 (0.94%) 5G
17 15 (0.94%) Network Security
17 15 (0.94%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 52 (3.27%) SQL Server
2 47 (2.96%) Hadoop
3 44 (2.77%) MongoDB
4 42 (2.64%) Big Data
5 29 (1.82%) MySQL
6 27 (1.70%) Relational Database
7 26 (1.64%) NoSQL
8 20 (1.26%) PostgreSQL
8 20 (1.26%) Power BI
9 16 (1.01%) Oracle Database
10 12 (0.75%) Amazon Redshift
10 12 (0.75%) Apache Hive
10 12 (0.75%) Data Warehouse
11 11 (0.69%) Data Lake
12 10 (0.63%) SAP HANA
13 9 (0.57%) DB2
13 9 (0.57%) KDB
14 8 (0.50%) Amazon RDS
14 8 (0.50%) Presto
14 8 (0.50%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 154 (9.69%) JIRA
2 103 (6.48%) Git (software)
3 73 (4.59%) Jenkins
4 53 (3.33%) Rational Rhapsody
5 49 (3.08%) Rational DOORS
6 33 (2.08%) GoogleTest
7 30 (1.89%) Subversion
8 28 (1.76%) Cucumber
9 24 (1.51%) Selenium
9 24 (1.51%) Visual Studio
10 22 (1.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
11 20 (1.26%) ClearCase
11 20 (1.26%) PVCS
12 19 (1.19%) NUnit
13 16 (1.01%) GDB
13 16 (1.01%) Maven
13 16 (1.01%) ProC
13 16 (1.01%) Team Foundation Server
14 14 (0.88%) Sonatype Nexus
15 12 (0.75%) Bitbucket
General
1 185 (11.64%) Finance
2 83 (5.22%) Military
3 66 (4.15%) Law
3 66 (4.15%) Public Sector
4 63 (3.96%) Electronics
5 59 (3.71%) Banking
6 40 (2.52%) Manufacturing
7 39 (2.45%) Telecoms
8 37 (2.33%) Marketing
9 33 (2.08%) Retail
10 31 (1.95%) Aerospace
11 28 (1.76%) Front Office
12 24 (1.51%) Local Government
13 21 (1.32%) Automotive
14 15 (0.94%) Games
14 15 (0.94%) Investment Banking
14 15 (0.94%) Pharmaceutical
15 13 (0.82%) Avionics
16 9 (0.57%) Publishing
17 8 (0.50%) Legal
Job Titles
1 370 (23.27%) Software Engineer
2 291 (18.30%) Developer
3 220 (13.84%) Embedded Engineer
4 182 (11.45%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 136 (8.55%) C++ Software Engineer
6 133 (8.36%) Analyst
7 109 (6.86%) C Software Engineer
8 96 (6.04%) Architect
9 92 (5.79%) C/C++ Software Engineer
10 65 (4.09%) Embedded C Engineer
11 63 (3.96%) Embedded C++ Engineer
12 62 (3.90%) C Developer
13 59 (3.71%) Systems Engineer
14 57 (3.58%) Embedded C Software Engineer
15 56 (3.52%) Embedded C++ Software Engineer
16 55 (3.46%) Embedded C/C++ Engineer
17 51 (3.21%) C/C++ Embedded Software Engineer
17 51 (3.21%) Embedded C/C++ Software Engineer
18 45 (2.83%) Software Developer
19 42 (2.64%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 78 (4.91%) .NET
2 62 (3.90%) XML
3 55 (3.46%) Web Services
4 39 (2.45%) Middleware
4 39 (2.45%) React
5 37 (2.33%) AngularJS
6 36 (2.26%) Node.js
7 34 (2.14%) HTML
8 26 (1.64%) REST
9 24 (1.51%) STL
10 23 (1.45%) CSS
11 21 (1.32%) Gherkin
11 21 (1.32%) Kafka
12 19 (1.19%) Spring
13 18 (1.13%) JNI
13 18 (1.13%) JSON
14 17 (1.07%) ASP.NET
14 17 (1.07%) SOAP
15 16 (1.01%) Rendezvous
16 15 (0.94%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 113 (7.11%) Analytical Skills
2 54 (3.40%) Algorithms
2 54 (3.40%) Management Information System
3 52 (3.27%) Embedded Systems
4 44 (2.77%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
5 43 (2.70%) Data Centre
6 32 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
7 31 (1.95%) Greenfield Project
8 29 (1.82%) Device Driver
9 25 (1.57%) ASIC
10 24 (1.51%) User Experience
11 21 (1.32%) Derivative
12 20 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
13 17 (1.07%) Mobile App
14 16 (1.01%) VHDL
15 14 (0.88%) PKI
16 12 (0.75%) e-Learning
16 12 (0.75%) Fixed Income
16 12 (0.75%) Hedge funds
16 12 (0.75%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 387 (24.34%) Linux
2 213 (13.40%) Windows
3 119 (7.48%) Unix
4 53 (3.33%) Android
5 51 (3.21%) Embedded Linux
6 49 (3.08%) FreeRTOS
7 37 (2.33%) ThreadX
8 34 (2.14%) Windows Server 2012
9 30 (1.89%) Apple iOS
10 29 (1.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 27 (1.70%) Windows Server
12 26 (1.64%) OpenVMS
12 26 (1.64%) Windows Server 2008
13 18 (1.13%) Windows Server 2003
14 16 (1.01%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.94%) Solaris
16 12 (0.75%) Windows 7
17 10 (0.63%) AIX
18 8 (0.50%) VxWorks
19 7 (0.44%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 480 (30.19%) Software Engineering
2 466 (29.31%) Agile Software Development
3 157 (9.87%) Scrum
4 156 (9.81%) UML
5 131 (8.24%) Problem-Solving
6 129 (8.11%) DevOps
7 121 (7.61%) TDD
8 106 (6.67%) Test Automation
9 104 (6.54%) Continuous Integration
10 103 (6.48%) Stakeholder Management
11 100 (6.29%) Cybersecurity
12 90 (5.66%) OO
13 87 (5.47%) ITIL
13 87 (5.47%) Project Management
14 84 (5.28%) Configuration Management
15 83 (5.22%) User Stories
16 80 (5.03%) Migration
17 79 (4.97%) Information Security
18 73 (4.59%) Analytics
19 70 (4.40%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 597 (37.55%) C++
2 304 (19.12%) Python
3 238 (14.97%) Java
4 205 (12.89%) Embedded C
5 176 (11.07%) SQL
6 155 (9.75%) C#
7 107 (6.73%) Embedded C++
8 78 (4.91%) JavaScript
9 55 (3.46%) PowerShell
10 54 (3.40%) MATLAB
11 52 (3.27%) Ruby
12 49 (3.08%) Bash Shell
13 40 (2.52%) Perl
14 37 (2.33%) PL/SQL
15 25 (1.57%) VB.NET
16 24 (1.51%) Go
17 22 (1.38%) Fortran
18 21 (1.32%) PHP
19 20 (1.26%) Objective-C
20 19 (1.19%) VBA
Qualifications
1 338 (21.26%) Security Cleared
2 238 (14.97%) SC Cleared
3 159 (10.00%) Degree
4 154 (9.69%) DV Cleared
5 40 (2.52%) Computer Science Degree
6 34 (2.14%) CISSP
7 22 (1.38%) CESG Certified Professional
8 19 (1.19%) Cisco Certification
9 16 (1.01%) CISM
9 16 (1.01%) PMI Certification
9 16 (1.01%) PMP
10 14 (0.88%) BPSS Clearance
10 14 (0.88%) SANS
11 13 (0.82%) CCNA
11 13 (0.82%) HND
11 13 (0.82%) ISEB
12 12 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
13 11 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
14 10 (0.63%) CCNP
14 10 (0.63%) GIAC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 67 (4.21%) QA
2 30 (1.89%) MISRA
3 23 (1.45%) ISO/IEC 27001
4 20 (1.26%) PMO
5 16 (1.01%) SLA
6 9 (0.57%) NIST
7 8 (0.50%) JSP 440
7 8 (0.50%) MISRA C
8 7 (0.44%) DO-178B
8 7 (0.44%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 7 (0.44%) JTAG
9 6 (0.38%) Def Stans
9 6 (0.38%) GDPR
9 6 (0.38%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 5 (0.31%) IEC 61508
10 5 (0.31%) ISO 9001
10 5 (0.31%) PCI DSS
11 4 (0.25%) HMG Infosec
12 3 (0.19%) COBIT
13 2 (0.13%) WCAG
System Software
1 66 (4.15%) Docker
2 62 (3.90%) Active Directory
3 54 (3.40%) Firmware
4 28 (1.76%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (1.07%) Virtual Machines
6 13 (0.82%) vSphere
7 12 (0.75%) XenApp
7 12 (0.75%) XenDesktop
8 11 (0.69%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.44%) VMware ESXi
10 4 (0.25%) Gluster
10 4 (0.25%) HDFS
11 3 (0.19%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.19%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 3 (0.19%) Microsoft App-V
12 1 (0.063%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 1 (0.063%) KVM
12 1 (0.063%) NFS
12 1 (0.063%) Snort
12 1 (0.063%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 44 (2.77%) Ansible
1 44 (2.77%) Kubernetes
2 32 (2.01%) Puppet
3 26 (1.64%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (0.94%) Terraform
5 12 (0.75%) SCCM
6 11 (0.69%) Single Sign-On
7 10 (0.63%) Nagios
8 9 (0.57%) HP ALM
9 8 (0.50%) Cisco CUCM
9 8 (0.50%) HP Quality Center
10 7 (0.44%) Salt
11 6 (0.38%) WSUS
12 5 (0.31%) Kibana
12 5 (0.31%) Nessus
12 5 (0.31%) Packer
13 4 (0.25%) AirWatch
13 4 (0.25%) Grafana
13 4 (0.25%) Hadoop YARN
13 4 (0.25%) SCOM
Vendors
1 178 (11.19%) Microsoft
2 111 (6.98%) Oracle
3 100 (6.29%) Google
4 59 (3.71%) Atlassian
5 58 (3.65%) Cisco
6 56 (3.52%) SAP
7 55 (3.46%) Apple
8 44 (2.77%) VMware
9 25 (1.57%) TIBCO
10 22 (1.38%) Red Hat
11 21 (1.32%) IBM
12 20 (1.26%) Citrix
12 20 (1.26%) Sparx
13 19 (1.19%) Adobe
14 18 (1.13%) HP
14 18 (1.13%) ION Trading
15 15 (0.94%) Juniper
16 14 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
17 11 (0.69%) Arqiva
17 11 (0.69%) Tableau