Period
to 7 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 7 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK > England
6 months to
7 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 122 165 172
Rank change year-on-year +43 +7 -39
Contract jobs citing C 1,084 1,540 1,516
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.98% 1.74% 1.62%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.84% 4.00% 3.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 647 806 870
Median daily rate £470 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% -5.26% +7.95%
10th Percentile £325 £305 £313
90th Percentile £619 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £463 £448 £475
% change year-on-year +3.35% -5.79% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 136 183 190
Median hourly rate £47.00 £45.00 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +7.14% +1.20%
10th Percentile £21.25 £32.90 £20.00
90th Percentile £53.13 £52.50 £48.75
UK median hourly rate £46.00 £45.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year +2.22% +7.14% +1.20%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 22,384 38,501 40,322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.95% 43.44% 43.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 15,304 27,139 28,420
Median daily rate £500 £480 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.17% +1.05% +8.57%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £656 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +2.11% +2.70% +8.82%
Number of hourly rates quoted 500 613 729
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £17.83 £18.00 £17.39
90th Percentile £55.10 £53.75 £51.05
Median hourly rate £40.00 £42.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.88% +6.25% -

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Daily rate trend for C in England

C
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Hourly rate trend for C in England

C
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 7 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for C in England

C
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 7 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 294 £525 +5.00% 179
South West +21 250 £463 +2.78% 95
South East +19 216 £450 +9.09% 189
East of England +12 147 £450 +15.02% 120
North of England +22 85 £367 -8.38% 129
Midlands +33 83 £460 +8.24% 105
West Midlands +44 67 £468 +10.00% 70
North West +46 57 £385 +2.67% 81
North East +25 15 £360 +16.13% 13
East Midlands +13 15 £450 +20.40% 35
Yorkshire -3 13 £344 -17.91% 35
C
UK

For the 6 months to 7 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 396 (36.53%) Agile Software Development
2 334 (30.81%) C++
3 280 (25.83%) Linux
4 256 (23.62%) Python
5 250 (23.06%) Software Engineering
6 189 (17.44%) Security Cleared
7 166 (15.31%) Finance
8 151 (13.93%) Java
9 143 (13.19%) Problem-Solving
10 140 (12.92%) Analytical Skills
11 130 (11.99%) SQL
12 125 (11.53%) Degree
13 123 (11.35%) Scrum
14 122 (11.25%) Embedded C
15 120 (11.07%) JIRA
16 118 (10.89%) Windows
17 117 (10.79%) SC Cleared
18 113 (10.42%) Microsoft
19 109 (10.06%) Test Automation
20 108 (9.96%) Git (software)
21 106 (9.78%) C#
22 96 (8.86%) DevOps
23 95 (8.76%) Continuous Integration
24 92 (8.49%) UML
25 91 (8.39%) DV Cleared
26 89 (8.21%) Azure
27 76 (7.01%) .NET
27 76 (7.01%) Jenkins
28 72 (6.64%) Oracle
28 72 (6.64%) Unix

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 68 (6.27%) Confluence
2 23 (2.12%) Apache Spark
3 19 (1.75%) SharePoint
4 15 (1.38%) Apache
5 11 (1.01%) Elasticsearch
5 11 (1.01%) OpenStack
6 7 (0.65%) CMS
7 6 (0.55%) IIS
8 5 (0.46%) MS Exchange
8 5 (0.46%) SAP Portal
8 5 (0.46%) Tomcat
9 4 (0.37%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 3 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
10 3 (0.28%) Kinematics
10 3 (0.28%) Oracle Application Server
10 3 (0.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (0.28%) WebLogic
11 2 (0.18%) ArcGIS
11 2 (0.18%) Oracle 10gAS
11 2 (0.18%) SAS
Applications
1 37 (3.41%) Microsoft Office
2 27 (2.49%) Microsoft Excel
3 21 (1.94%) Simulink
4 19 (1.75%) MS Visio
5 12 (1.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 9 (0.83%) Microsoft Project
7 5 (0.46%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.18%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.18%) Inkscape
8 2 (0.18%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.18%) SOLIDWORKS
8 2 (0.18%) Stateflow
9 1 (0.092%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.092%) CATIA
9 1 (0.092%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.092%) GNU Octave
9 1 (0.092%) Maya
9 1 (0.092%) PlantUML
Business Applications
1 17 (1.57%) Dynamics CRM
2 9 (0.83%) ION MarketView
3 5 (0.46%) SAP S/4HANA
4 4 (0.37%) SAP PSCD
5 3 (0.28%) Oracle ERP
5 3 (0.28%) SAP CO
5 3 (0.28%) SAP Convergent Charging
5 3 (0.28%) SAP FI
5 3 (0.28%) SAP FI/CO
5 3 (0.28%) SAP SD
6 2 (0.18%) FINCAD Analytics
6 2 (0.18%) JDE OneWorld
6 2 (0.18%) LabWindows
6 2 (0.18%) NetSuite
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
6 2 (0.18%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
6 2 (0.18%) Remedy ITSM
6 2 (0.18%) SAP HR
6 2 (0.18%) SAP VC
7 1 (0.092%) SAP GTS
Cloud Services
1 89 (8.21%) Azure
2 63 (5.81%) AWS
3 21 (1.94%) GitHub
4 19 (1.75%) Power Platform
5 17 (1.57%) Office 365
6 16 (1.48%) Dynamics 365
7 14 (1.29%) OpenShift
8 13 (1.20%) GCP
9 11 (1.01%) Datadog
9 11 (1.01%) SaaS
10 10 (0.92%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (0.92%) IaaS
11 7 (0.65%) PaaS
11 7 (0.65%) TestFlight
12 6 (0.55%) Serverless
13 5 (0.46%) Amazon S3
13 5 (0.46%) AWS CloudFormation
13 5 (0.46%) Azure Data Factory
13 5 (0.46%) Azure Machine Learning
13 5 (0.46%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 65 (6.00%) TCP/IP
2 54 (4.98%) Internet
3 52 (4.80%) IPv6
4 47 (4.34%) Wireshark
5 45 (4.15%) HTTPS
5 45 (4.15%) IPv4
6 43 (3.97%) HTTP
7 40 (3.69%) Wi-Fi
7 40 (3.69%) Wireless
8 39 (3.60%) DHCP
9 31 (2.86%) DNS
10 30 (2.77%) Firewall
11 25 (2.31%) VoIP
12 24 (2.21%) Ethernet
13 19 (1.75%) RS-485
14 18 (1.66%) LAN
15 16 (1.48%) Network Security
16 14 (1.29%) RS-232
17 12 (1.11%) WAN
18 11 (1.01%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (4.43%) SQL Server
2 42 (3.87%) Big Data
3 35 (3.23%) MySQL
4 28 (2.58%) Hadoop
4 28 (2.58%) MongoDB
5 22 (2.03%) PostgreSQL
6 19 (1.75%) Power BI
7 18 (1.66%) Oracle Database
8 13 (1.20%) Relational Database
9 12 (1.11%) Amazon Redshift
9 12 (1.11%) Data Warehouse
9 12 (1.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 11 (1.01%) Apache Hive
10 11 (1.01%) HBase
10 11 (1.01%) Oracle Database 12c
11 10 (0.92%) Data Lake
11 10 (0.92%) Oracle Database 11g
12 9 (0.83%) DB2
12 9 (0.83%) NoSQL
13 7 (0.65%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 120 (11.07%) JIRA
2 108 (9.96%) Git (software)
3 76 (7.01%) Jenkins
4 33 (3.04%) Rational Rhapsody
5 29 (2.68%) Atlassian Bamboo
6 25 (2.31%) Rational DOORS
7 24 (2.21%) ProC
8 23 (2.12%) Sonatype Nexus
9 22 (2.03%) GoogleTest
9 22 (2.03%) Selenium
10 16 (1.48%) Eclipse
10 16 (1.48%) Subversion
11 15 (1.38%) Maven
12 12 (1.11%) PVCS
13 10 (0.92%) CircleCI
13 10 (0.92%) IBM UrbanCode
13 10 (0.92%) TeamCity
14 9 (0.83%) GitLab
14 9 (0.83%) PowerBuilder
14 9 (0.83%) Xcode
General
1 166 (15.31%) Finance
2 70 (6.46%) Public Sector
3 46 (4.24%) Military
4 39 (3.60%) Telecoms
5 38 (3.51%) Banking
6 34 (3.14%) Electronics
6 34 (3.14%) Law
7 29 (2.68%) Legal
8 26 (2.40%) Marketing
9 23 (2.12%) Manufacturing
10 15 (1.38%) Aerospace
10 15 (1.38%) Publishing
11 13 (1.20%) Retail
12 11 (1.01%) Investment Banking
13 10 (0.92%) Automotive
13 10 (0.92%) Games
14 9 (0.83%) Pharmaceutical
15 8 (0.74%) Avionics
16 7 (0.65%) Local Government
17 6 (0.55%) Billing
Job Titles
1 257 (23.71%) Developer
2 192 (17.71%) Software Engineer
3 117 (10.79%) Embedded Engineer
4 94 (8.67%) Embedded Software Engineer
5 77 (7.10%) Analyst
6 65 (6.00%) C++ Software Engineer
7 58 (5.35%) C Software Engineer
8 57 (5.26%) C Developer
9 49 (4.52%) Systems Engineer
10 48 (4.43%) C/C++ Software Engineer
11 45 (4.15%) Test Engineer
12 41 (3.78%) Architect
13 38 (3.51%) Consultant
13 38 (3.51%) Project Manager
14 34 (3.14%) Business Analyst
15 33 (3.04%) Senior Developer
16 29 (2.68%) Linux Developer
17 28 (2.58%) Embedded C Engineer
17 28 (2.58%) Software Developer
18 25 (2.31%) Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 76 (7.01%) .NET
2 43 (3.97%) Yocto
3 33 (3.04%) HTML
4 32 (2.95%) Web Services
5 31 (2.86%) XML
6 30 (2.77%) POSIX
7 26 (2.40%) AngularJS
7 26 (2.40%) Node.js
7 26 (2.40%) REST
8 23 (2.12%) CSS
8 23 (2.12%) React
9 22 (2.03%) Gherkin
9 22 (2.03%) Middleware
10 21 (1.94%) Kafka
11 17 (1.57%) .NET Framework
12 15 (1.38%) .NET Core
12 15 (1.38%) SOAP
13 14 (1.29%) OpenID
13 14 (1.29%) RESTful
14 13 (1.20%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 140 (12.92%) Analytical Skills
2 51 (4.70%) Device Driver
3 42 (3.87%) Data Centre
4 38 (3.51%) Self-Motivation
5 36 (3.32%) Management Information System
6 34 (3.14%) Embedded Systems
7 29 (2.68%) User Experience
8 22 (2.03%) Greenfield Project
9 19 (1.75%) Algorithms
10 13 (1.20%) Mainframe
11 12 (1.11%) Public Cloud
12 11 (1.01%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
12 11 (1.01%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 11 (1.01%) Mobile App
12 11 (1.01%) Private Cloud
13 10 (0.92%) e-Learning
13 10 (0.92%) Media Streaming
14 9 (0.83%) ASIC
14 9 (0.83%) Equities
14 9 (0.83%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 280 (25.83%) Linux
2 118 (10.89%) Windows
3 72 (6.64%) Unix
4 32 (2.95%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 30 (2.77%) Apple iOS
6 27 (2.49%) Android
6 27 (2.49%) Embedded Linux
7 26 (2.40%) Windows Server
8 22 (2.03%) FreeRTOS
8 22 (2.03%) ThreadX
9 14 (1.29%) Windows Server 2012
10 13 (1.20%) AIX
10 13 (1.20%) Windows 10
11 12 (1.11%) Windows Server 2008
12 9 (0.83%) CentOS
12 9 (0.83%) OpenVMS
12 9 (0.83%) Windows Server 2016
13 7 (0.65%) Windows Server 2003
14 6 (0.55%) Solaris
15 5 (0.46%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 396 (36.53%) Agile Software Development
2 250 (23.06%) Software Engineering
3 143 (13.19%) Problem-Solving
4 123 (11.35%) Scrum
5 109 (10.06%) Test Automation
6 96 (8.86%) DevOps
7 95 (8.76%) Continuous Integration
8 92 (8.49%) UML
9 65 (6.00%) Business Intelligence
9 65 (6.00%) Project Management
10 61 (5.63%) Waterfall
11 60 (5.54%) SDLC
12 59 (5.44%) Stakeholder Management
13 58 (5.35%) Migration
14 57 (5.26%) TDD
15 56 (5.17%) Mentoring
16 55 (5.07%) Cybersecurity
17 53 (4.89%) Analytics
17 53 (4.89%) Mathematics
18 50 (4.61%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 334 (30.81%) C++
2 256 (23.62%) Python
3 151 (13.93%) Java
4 130 (11.99%) SQL
5 122 (11.25%) Embedded C
6 106 (9.78%) C#
7 67 (6.18%) JavaScript
8 57 (5.26%) Perl
9 56 (5.17%) Embedded C++
10 43 (3.97%) MATLAB
11 39 (3.60%) PowerShell
12 37 (3.41%) Bash Shell
13 36 (3.32%) Ruby
14 24 (2.21%) PL/SQL
15 21 (1.94%) Shell Script
16 17 (1.57%) PHP
17 16 (1.48%) Apple Swift
17 16 (1.48%) Objective-C
18 14 (1.29%) T-SQL
19 13 (1.20%) Ada
Qualifications
1 189 (17.44%) Security Cleared
2 125 (11.53%) Degree
3 117 (10.79%) SC Cleared
4 91 (8.39%) DV Cleared
5 27 (2.49%) Computer Science Degree
6 18 (1.66%) Cisco Certification
7 17 (1.57%) Microsoft Certification
8 16 (1.48%) CISSP
9 14 (1.29%) ISTQB
10 11 (1.01%) BPSS Clearance
10 11 (1.01%) CCNA
10 11 (1.01%) SSCP
11 9 (0.83%) APMP
11 9 (0.83%) CCNP
11 9 (0.83%) CISM
12 8 (0.74%) ISEB
12 8 (0.74%) MCSE
13 5 (0.46%) GIAC
14 4 (0.37%) Linux+ Certification
14 4 (0.37%) Network+ Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 34 (3.14%) QA
2 21 (1.94%) SLA
3 13 (1.20%) MISRA
4 12 (1.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 11 (1.01%) MISRA C
6 10 (0.92%) PMO
7 8 (0.74%) Def Stans
7 8 (0.74%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 5 (0.46%) NIST
9 4 (0.37%) DO-254
9 4 (0.37%) GDPR
9 4 (0.37%) JTAG
10 3 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials
10 3 (0.28%) Cyber Essentials PLUS
10 3 (0.28%) ECSS
10 3 (0.28%) HAZOP
10 3 (0.28%) IEC 61508
10 3 (0.28%) ISO 14001
10 3 (0.28%) JSP 440
10 3 (0.28%) RMADS
System Software
1 41 (3.78%) Docker
2 27 (2.49%) Virtual Machines
3 26 (2.40%) Active Directory
4 21 (1.94%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (1.29%) Firmware
6 11 (1.01%) VMware ESXi
7 10 (0.92%) HDFS
8 6 (0.55%) RACF
8 6 (0.55%) vSphere
9 4 (0.37%) Hyper-V
9 4 (0.37%) NFS
9 4 (0.37%) Snort
10 3 (0.28%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 3 (0.28%) VMware NSX
11 2 (0.18%) Samba
11 2 (0.18%) Terminal Server
11 2 (0.18%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.18%) Xen
12 1 (0.092%) Virtual Servers
12 1 (0.092%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 35 (3.23%) Ansible
2 28 (2.58%) Puppet
3 26 (2.40%) Kubernetes
3 26 (2.40%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (1.20%) Nagios
5 12 (1.11%) HP ALM
6 10 (0.92%) Hadoop YARN
6 10 (0.92%) Terraform
7 7 (0.65%) HP Quality Center
7 7 (0.65%) Packer
8 6 (0.55%) Kibana
8 6 (0.55%) vCenter Server
9 5 (0.46%) Rancher
10 4 (0.37%) Grafana
10 4 (0.37%) logstash
10 4 (0.37%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 4 (0.37%) OSSEC
11 3 (0.28%) Graphite
11 3 (0.28%) Oracle Statspack
11 3 (0.28%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 113 (10.42%) Microsoft
2 72 (6.64%) Oracle
3 54 (4.98%) Atlassian
4 46 (4.24%) Google
5 37 (3.41%) SAP
6 32 (2.95%) Cisco
7 29 (2.68%) VMware
8 22 (2.03%) Red Hat
9 21 (1.94%) Apple
10 18 (1.66%) HP
11 17 (1.57%) IBM
12 13 (1.20%) Splunk
13 12 (1.11%) New Relic
14 11 (1.01%) Adobe
14 11 (1.01%) Juniper
15 10 (0.92%) Hortonworks
16 9 (0.83%) BT
16 9 (0.83%) Salesforce.com
16 9 (0.83%) Tableau
16 9 (0.83%) Xamarin