Period
to

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C over the 6 months to 20 May 2022 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C
UK > England
6 months to
20 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 186 162 125
Rank change year-on-year -24 -37 +31
Contract jobs citing C 1,062 746 865
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.50% 1.62% 1.98%
As % of the Programming Languages category 4.03% 3.96% 4.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 613 445 552
10th Percentile £325 £319 £325
25th Percentile £450 £400 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £475
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% +5.26% +5.56%
75th Percentile £650 £588 £550
90th Percentile £754 £708 £618
UK median daily rate £563 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +12.60% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 122 102 84
10th Percentile £36.28 £16.50 £22.00
25th Percentile £45.46 £30.94 £41.25
Median hourly rate £55.00 £42.66 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +28.94% -10.20% +5.56%
75th Percentile £60.00 £50.67 £50.00
90th Percentile £69.82 £54.30 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £55.00 £42.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +29.41% -10.53% +5.56%

C is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 26,355 18,846 18,007
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 37.13% 40.92% 41.26%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,442 13,469 12,855
10th Percentile £381 £325 £325
25th Percentile £458 £410 £406
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £550 £500 £500
Median % change year-on-year +10.00% - +2.56%
75th Percentile £675 £600 £588
90th Percentile £775 £694 £675
UK median daily rate £550 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +10.00% +2.56% +2.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 477 373 300
10th Percentile £20.15 £17.31 £17.73
25th Percentile £35.00 £24.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate £50.00 £42.00 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year +19.05% -2.89% -1.05%
75th Percentile £62.25 £52.50 £50.00
90th Percentile £75.00 £62.00 £57.50
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £41.66 £42.50
% change year-on-year +20.02% -1.98% -1.16%

C
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C in England

C
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Daily rate trend for C in England

C
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for C in England

C
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C in England.

Hourly rate trend for C in England

C
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C in England over the 6 months to 20 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for C in England

C
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C within the England region over the 6 months to 20 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
London -15 507 £575 +4.55% 162
South East -26 130 £500 +11.73% 156
East of England 0 103 £525 +5.00% 118
North of England -7 101 £450 +22.45% 174
South West -37 93 £500 +5.26% 89
North West +21 80 £550 +29.41% 82
Midlands -60 35 £488 +20.37% 111
Yorkshire -31 23 £450 +30.91% 65
West Midlands -74 21 £600 +48.15% 55
East Midlands -15 13 £488 +4.84% 55
North East -10 2 £625 +95.31% 27
C
UK

For the 6 months to 20 May 2022, IT contractor jobs citing C also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C.

1 346 (32.58%) Agile
2 307 (28.91%) Python
3 283 (26.65%) C++
4 269 (25.33%) Linux
5 251 (23.63%) Finance
5 251 (23.63%) Social Skills
6 249 (23.45%) Security Cleared
7 235 (22.13%) Java
8 210 (19.77%) SC Cleared
9 192 (18.08%) SQL
10 183 (17.23%) Software Engineering
11 174 (16.38%) Azure
12 172 (16.20%) AWS
13 138 (12.99%) Git (software)
14 134 (12.62%) JIRA
14 134 (12.62%) DevOps
15 128 (12.05%) Docker
16 121 (11.39%) Windows
16 121 (11.39%) Microsoft
17 106 (9.98%) Degree
18 100 (9.42%) Oracle
19 98 (9.23%) Problem-Solving
20 97 (9.13%) Stakeholder Management
21 95 (8.95%) JavaScript
22 91 (8.57%) C#
22 91 (8.57%) Kubernetes
23 90 (8.47%) Analytical Skills
24 87 (8.19%) Scrum
25 80 (7.53%) Project Management
26 77 (7.25%) Change Management

C
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 70 (6.59%) Confluence
2 22 (2.07%) Apache Spark
3 19 (1.79%) SharePoint
4 18 (1.69%) Apache
4 18 (1.69%) nginx
5 10 (0.94%) CMS
5 10 (0.94%) IIS
6 9 (0.85%) OpenStack
7 8 (0.75%) Tomcat
8 7 (0.66%) Oracle SOA Suite
8 7 (0.66%) SAS
8 7 (0.66%) WebSphere
9 5 (0.47%) MS Exchange
10 3 (0.28%) Elasticsearch
10 3 (0.28%) IBM HTTP Server
10 3 (0.28%) WebSphere Application Server
11 2 (0.19%) JBoss
11 2 (0.19%) SharePoint Server
11 2 (0.19%) WebLogic
12 1 (0.094%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 64 (6.03%) Microsoft Excel
2 61 (5.74%) Microsoft Office
3 24 (2.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 18 (1.69%) Simulink
5 15 (1.41%) Microsoft Project
6 11 (1.04%) MS Visio
7 4 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
8 2 (0.19%) Chatbot
9 1 (0.094%) CATIA
9 1 (0.094%) InVision
9 1 (0.094%) NASTRAN
9 1 (0.094%) Sketch
9 1 (0.094%) Stateflow
9 1 (0.094%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 6 (0.56%) Oracle Utilities
2 5 (0.47%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (0.47%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.38%) Oracle EBS
3 4 (0.38%) SAP S/4HANA
3 4 (0.38%) Workday HCM
4 3 (0.28%) Oracle 11i
4 3 (0.28%) Oracle BPM
4 3 (0.28%) PeopleSoft HRMS
5 2 (0.19%) Dynamics NAV
5 2 (0.19%) Maximo
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Assets
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle BRM
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Cash Management
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Payables
5 2 (0.19%) Oracle Receivables
5 2 (0.19%) SAP IBP
5 2 (0.19%) Shopify
5 2 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
Cloud Services
1 174 (16.38%) Azure
2 172 (16.20%) AWS
3 39 (3.67%) Power Platform
4 37 (3.48%) GCP
5 35 (3.30%) Microsoft 365
6 26 (2.45%) Serverless
7 22 (2.07%) SaaS
8 14 (1.32%) GitHub
8 14 (1.32%) PaaS
9 13 (1.22%) Dynamics 365
10 12 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
11 9 (0.85%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
11 9 (0.85%) Azure Monitor
12 7 (0.66%) IaaS
12 7 (0.66%) OpenShift
12 7 (0.66%) PowerApps
12 7 (0.66%) Snowflake
13 5 (0.47%) Fivetran
13 5 (0.47%) Google Workspace
Communications & Networking
1 49 (4.61%) Wireless
2 39 (3.67%) Firewall
3 34 (3.20%) LAN
4 29 (2.73%) DNS
5 28 (2.64%) Wi-Fi
6 26 (2.45%) WAN
7 23 (2.17%) BGP
7 23 (2.17%) IPv4
7 23 (2.17%) OSPF
8 18 (1.69%) DHCP
9 17 (1.60%) Internet
10 16 (1.51%) Cisco Firepower
11 15 (1.41%) ATM
12 13 (1.22%) VLAN
12 13 (1.22%) VPN
13 12 (1.13%) Ethernet
14 11 (1.04%) 5G
14 11 (1.04%) DMZ
14 11 (1.04%) MPLS
15 9 (0.85%) Bluetooth
Database & Business Intelligence
1 61 (5.74%) SQL Server
2 47 (4.43%) Big Data
3 38 (3.58%) Relational Database
4 35 (3.30%) Power BI
5 32 (3.01%) Oracle Database
6 17 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
6 17 (1.60%) Hadoop
7 16 (1.51%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 16 (1.51%) Tableau
8 15 (1.41%) NoSQL
9 14 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
9 14 (1.32%) RDBMS
10 13 (1.22%) MySQL
11 11 (1.04%) BigQuery
12 10 (0.94%) MongoDB
12 10 (0.94%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 9 (0.85%) GIS
13 9 (0.85%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 8 (0.75%) DB2
14 8 (0.75%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 138 (12.99%) Git (software)
2 134 (12.62%) JIRA
3 47 (4.43%) Jenkins
4 29 (2.73%) Subversion
5 20 (1.88%) GitLab
6 15 (1.41%) Visual Studio
7 14 (1.32%) ProC
8 13 (1.22%) Bitbucket
9 11 (1.04%) SoapUI
10 10 (0.94%) JUnit
10 10 (0.94%) Rational DOORS
11 9 (0.85%) Artifactory
11 9 (0.85%) Eclipse
11 9 (0.85%) IBM UrbanCode
11 9 (0.85%) Rational Rhapsody
12 8 (0.75%) Maven
12 8 (0.75%) Postman
12 8 (0.75%) SonarQube
13 7 (0.66%) JMeter
13 7 (0.66%) TeamCity
General
1 251 (23.63%) Finance
1 251 (23.63%) Social Skills
2 90 (8.47%) Analytical Skills
3 68 (6.40%) Banking
3 68 (6.40%) Public Sector
4 55 (5.18%) Legal
4 55 (5.18%) Retail
5 50 (4.71%) Presentation Skills
6 49 (4.61%) Telecoms
7 40 (3.77%) Aerospace
8 36 (3.39%) Electronics
9 26 (2.45%) Influencing Skills
10 24 (2.26%) Local Government
11 22 (2.07%) Billing
11 22 (2.07%) Marketing
12 20 (1.88%) Manufacturing
13 18 (1.69%) Front Office
14 16 (1.51%) Investment Banking
15 14 (1.32%) Inclusion and Diversity
16 13 (1.22%) Documentation Skills
Job Titles
1 239 (22.50%) Developer
2 109 (10.26%) Software Engineer
3 104 (9.79%) Analyst
4 100 (9.42%) Architect
5 54 (5.08%) Business Analyst
6 49 (4.61%) Project Manager
7 47 (4.43%) Python Developer
8 46 (4.33%) Solutions Architect
9 45 (4.24%) C Software Engineer
10 41 (3.86%) Embedded Engineer
11 40 (3.77%) Consultant
12 38 (3.58%) C++ Software Engineer
13 37 (3.48%) C/C++ Software Engineer
14 36 (3.39%) C Developer
14 36 (3.39%) DevOps Engineer
15 34 (3.20%) Senior Developer
16 32 (3.01%) Software Developer
17 31 (2.92%) C++ Developer
18 29 (2.73%) Embedded Software Engineer
19 24 (2.26%) Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 66 (6.21%) .NET
2 58 (5.46%) CSS
3 57 (5.37%) HTML
4 55 (5.18%) React
5 46 (4.33%) Kafka
6 42 (3.95%) Pandas
7 38 (3.58%) Flask
7 38 (3.58%) jQuery
7 38 (3.58%) NumPy
8 37 (3.48%) Django
9 36 (3.39%) Celery
9 36 (3.39%) RabbitMQ
10 34 (3.20%) REST
11 28 (2.64%) .NET Framework
12 27 (2.54%) Web Services
13 26 (2.45%) JSON
13 26 (2.45%) XML
14 20 (1.88%) WPF
15 19 (1.79%) RESTful
16 18 (1.69%) Apache Camel
Miscellaneous
1 32 (3.01%) Algorithms
1 32 (3.01%) Management Information System
2 28 (2.64%) Data Centre
2 28 (2.64%) Public Cloud
3 27 (2.54%) Self-Motivation
4 17 (1.60%) Data Structures
4 17 (1.60%) User Experience
5 15 (1.41%) FPGA
5 15 (1.41%) IoT
6 13 (1.22%) Renewable Energy
7 12 (1.13%) Clustering
7 12 (1.13%) Equities
8 11 (1.04%) Legacy Systems
9 9 (0.85%) ASIC
9 9 (0.85%) Embedded Systems
9 9 (0.85%) NHS
10 8 (0.75%) Cloud Native
10 8 (0.75%) Enterprise Cloud
10 8 (0.75%) Reinsurance
10 8 (0.75%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 269 (25.33%) Linux
2 121 (11.39%) Windows
3 68 (6.40%) Unix
4 24 (2.26%) Embedded Linux
5 22 (2.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 20 (1.88%) Windows Server
7 18 (1.69%) Android
8 17 (1.60%) Windows 10
9 9 (0.85%) Apple iOS
9 9 (0.85%) VxWorks
10 8 (0.75%) Windows 7
11 7 (0.66%) CentOS
11 7 (0.66%) VMS
12 6 (0.56%) SUSE
12 6 (0.56%) Windows Server 2008
13 5 (0.47%) CoreOS
14 4 (0.38%) AIX
14 4 (0.38%) OpenVMS
15 3 (0.28%) Debian
15 3 (0.28%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 346 (32.58%) Agile
2 183 (17.23%) Software Engineering
3 134 (12.62%) DevOps
4 98 (9.23%) Problem-Solving
5 97 (9.13%) Stakeholder Management
6 87 (8.19%) Scrum
7 80 (7.53%) Project Management
8 77 (7.25%) Change Management
9 76 (7.16%) Test Automation
10 73 (6.87%) CI/CD
11 72 (6.78%) Software Testing
12 71 (6.69%) Risk Management
13 66 (6.21%) ITIL
14 64 (6.03%) Mathematics
15 62 (5.84%) Analytics
15 62 (5.84%) Decision-Making
16 61 (5.74%) Migration
17 58 (5.46%) Data Analysis
17 58 (5.46%) Machine Learning
18 57 (5.37%) Data Science
Programming Languages
1 307 (28.91%) Python
2 283 (26.65%) C++
3 235 (22.13%) Java
4 192 (18.08%) SQL
5 95 (8.95%) JavaScript
6 91 (8.57%) C#
7 54 (5.08%) Bash
8 53 (4.99%) PL/SQL
9 42 (3.95%) Go
10 40 (3.77%) Perl
10 40 (3.77%) Shell Script
11 34 (3.20%) Embedded C
12 33 (3.11%) T-SQL
13 26 (2.45%) Rust
13 26 (2.45%) VBA
14 25 (2.35%) PowerShell
15 22 (2.07%) MATLAB
15 22 (2.07%) VB
16 19 (1.79%) VB.NET
17 15 (1.41%) R
Qualifications
1 249 (23.45%) Security Cleared
2 210 (19.77%) SC Cleared
3 106 (9.98%) Degree
4 39 (3.67%) DV Cleared
5 18 (1.69%) Computer Science Degree
6 16 (1.51%) CISSP
7 15 (1.41%) PMI Certification
8 13 (1.22%) BPSS Clearance
8 13 (1.22%) Cisco Certification
9 12 (1.13%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
10 10 (0.94%) PMP
11 9 (0.85%) CCNA
11 9 (0.85%) Master's Degree
12 8 (0.75%) CISA
13 7 (0.66%) CISM
13 7 (0.66%) ITIL Certification
14 6 (0.56%) CRISC
14 6 (0.56%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 5 (0.47%) CTC Cleared
15 5 (0.47%) ISTQB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 32 (3.01%) QA
2 27 (2.54%) PMO
3 26 (2.45%) GDPR
4 21 (1.98%) SLA
5 19 (1.79%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 10 (0.94%) PCI DSS
7 6 (0.56%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 5 (0.47%) Accessibility
8 5 (0.47%) NIST
8 5 (0.47%) SOC 1
8 5 (0.47%) SOC 2
9 4 (0.38%) GRC
10 3 (0.28%) ISO 20022
10 3 (0.28%) NIST 800
10 3 (0.28%) PMBOK
11 2 (0.19%) AUTOSAR
11 2 (0.19%) Def Stans
11 2 (0.19%) ISO 26262
11 2 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 12207
11 2 (0.19%) MIL-STD-1553
System Software
1 128 (12.05%) Docker
2 33 (3.11%) Active Directory
3 28 (2.64%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (2.35%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (2.26%) Firmware
6 20 (1.88%) vSphere
7 13 (1.22%) VMware NSX
8 7 (0.66%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.47%) Hyper-V
9 5 (0.47%) iptables
9 5 (0.47%) KVM
9 5 (0.47%) Xen
10 4 (0.38%) HDFS
10 4 (0.38%) Slurm Workload Manager
11 2 (0.19%) VirtualBox
11 2 (0.19%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.094%) OpenIDM
12 1 (0.094%) Veritas Cluster Server
12 1 (0.094%) Veritas Volume Manager
12 1 (0.094%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 91 (8.57%) Kubernetes
2 73 (6.87%) Terraform
3 35 (3.30%) Ansible
4 31 (2.92%) Puppet
5 19 (1.79%) Packer
6 18 (1.69%) Consul
7 13 (1.22%) ITRS Geneos
7 13 (1.22%) Single Sign-On
8 12 (1.13%) Cisco CUCM
9 9 (0.85%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 8 (0.75%) Microsoft Clustering
10 8 (0.75%) vRealize
10 8 (0.75%) vRealize Orchestrator
11 7 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
12 6 (0.56%) Grafana
12 6 (0.56%) Microsoft Intune
13 5 (0.47%) Prometheus
13 5 (0.47%) rkt
14 4 (0.38%) Hadoop YARN
14 4 (0.38%) VxRail
Vendors
1 121 (11.39%) Microsoft
2 100 (9.42%) Oracle
3 46 (4.33%) Cisco
4 33 (3.11%) VMware
5 30 (2.82%) Atlassian
6 28 (2.64%) SAP
7 24 (2.26%) Google
7 24 (2.26%) Red Hat
8 19 (1.79%) Dynatrace
9 17 (1.60%) Splunk
10 16 (1.51%) Citrix
10 16 (1.51%) IBM
11 12 (1.13%) ServiceNow
11 12 (1.13%) SolarWinds
12 11 (1.04%) CheckPoint
13 10 (0.94%) Ericsson
14 9 (0.85%) Apple
14 9 (0.85%) Sun
14 9 (0.85%) Sybase
15 6 (0.56%) Workday