Period
to 31 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for C++ skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited C++ over the 6 months to 31 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

C++
UK > England
6 months to
31 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 117 130 116
Rank change year-on-year +13 -14 +12
Contract jobs citing C++ 1,277 615 1,842
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 2.22% 1.90% 2.21%
As % of the Programming Languages category 5.47% 4.57% 5.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 844 360 944
10th Percentile £377 £360 £315
25th Percentile £460 £425 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £600 £525 £475
Median % change year-on-year +14.29% +10.53% -13.44%
75th Percentile £750 £675 £625
90th Percentile £792 £750 £700
UK median daily rate £600 £525 £465
% change year-on-year +14.29% +12.90% -11.43%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 54 194
10th Percentile £41.25 £22.30 £38.08
25th Percentile £45.00 £42.50 £42.13
Median hourly rate £50.36 £46.50 £47.50
Median % change year-on-year +8.30% -2.11% +10.47%
75th Percentile £64.88 £52.50 £51.25
90th Percentile £70.88 £53.93 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £50.72 £46.50 £47.50
% change year-on-year +9.08% -2.11% +10.47%

C++ is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 23,359 13,471 35,762
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 40.58% 41.73% 42.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,761 9,620 25,248
10th Percentile £350 £325 £325
25th Percentile £413 £413 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £520 £500 £480
Median % change year-on-year +4.00% +4.17% +1.05%
75th Percentile £625 £600 £575
90th Percentile £700 £688 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +2.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 411 245 584
10th Percentile £16.38 £16.20 £20.31
25th Percentile £24.88 £22.50 £34.75
Median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
Median % change year-on-year - -5.56% +9.76%
75th Percentile £55.00 £50.00 £51.25
90th Percentile £64.50 £60.00 £55.00
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year - -5.56% +11.80%

C++
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing C++ as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for C++ in England

C++
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing C++ in England.

Daily rate trend for C++ in England

C++
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing C++ in England over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for C++ in England

C++
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing C++ in England.

Hourly rate trend for C++ in England

C++
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing C++ in England over the 6 months to 31 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for C++ in England

C++
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing C++ within the England region over the 6 months to 31 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +18 848 £650 +9.24% 334
South East -11 111 £450 - 179
South West +11 100 £450 - 111
East of England +10 72 £450 +12.50% 145
North of England -17 57 £440 +35.38% 149
Midlands -20 41 £425 +21.43% 109
North West -32 32 £440 +54.39% 85
West Midlands -24 24 £438 +25.00% 62
East Midlands 0 17 £360 - 46
Yorkshire -11 17 £400 - 44
North East +1 8 £475 +59.66% 20
C++
UK

For the 6 months to 31 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing C++ also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for C++.

1 536 (41.97%) Python
2 532 (41.66%) Java
3 479 (37.51%) C#
4 444 (34.77%) Software Engineering
5 399 (31.25%) Agile Software Development
6 352 (27.56%) Linux
7 326 (25.53%) SQL
8 286 (22.40%) Finance
9 281 (22.00%) C
10 253 (19.81%) .NET
11 249 (19.50%) Social Skills
12 243 (19.03%) Front Office
13 238 (18.64%) Banking
14 228 (17.85%) Windows
15 205 (16.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 202 (15.82%) AWS
17 194 (15.19%) Azure
18 189 (14.80%) JavaScript
19 179 (14.02%) DevOps
20 173 (13.55%) Degree
21 166 (13.00%) Multithreading
22 163 (12.76%) Investment Banking
23 161 (12.61%) Jenkins
24 159 (12.45%) Oracle
25 157 (12.29%) Git (software)
26 155 (12.14%) OO
27 150 (11.75%) Security Cleared
28 146 (11.43%) TDD
29 138 (10.81%) Computer Science
30 135 (10.57%) Test Automation

C++
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 54 (4.23%) Confluence
2 39 (3.05%) BizTalk Server
3 25 (1.96%) Apache Spark
4 21 (1.64%) Apache
5 18 (1.41%) Oracle Coherence
6 14 (1.10%) Apache Airflow
7 11 (0.86%) DataSynapse
8 8 (0.63%) Elasticsearch
8 8 (0.63%) Luigi
9 7 (0.55%) Tomcat
10 6 (0.47%) Oracle Workflow
11 5 (0.39%) OpenStack
11 5 (0.39%) WebSphere
12 4 (0.31%) SharePoint
13 3 (0.23%) Jupyter
13 3 (0.23%) Mule
13 3 (0.23%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 2 (0.16%) Ethereum
14 2 (0.16%) MQSeries
14 2 (0.16%) Wowza Streaming Engine
Applications
1 26 (2.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 10 (0.78%) Simulink
3 8 (0.63%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.23%) Maya
4 3 (0.23%) ZBrush
5 2 (0.16%) Houdini
5 2 (0.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 2 (0.16%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
6 1 (0.078%) 3ds Max
6 1 (0.078%) FrameMaker
6 1 (0.078%) InfoPath
6 1 (0.078%) Mathcad
6 1 (0.078%) Photoshop
6 1 (0.078%) SOLIDWORKS
6 1 (0.078%) TargetLink
Business Applications
1 34 (2.66%) SunGard Martini
2 16 (1.25%) ION MarketView
3 11 (0.86%) Orchestrade
3 11 (0.86%) Summit
4 4 (0.31%) BASE24
4 4 (0.31%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
5 2 (0.16%) Payment Gateway
5 2 (0.16%) Teamcenter
6 1 (0.078%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.078%) Salesforce.com CRM
6 1 (0.078%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.078%) Towers Watson Igloo
Cloud Services
1 202 (15.82%) AWS
2 194 (15.19%) Azure
3 82 (6.42%) GCP
4 61 (4.78%) Serverless
5 48 (3.76%) AWS Lambda
6 43 (3.37%) Azure Cosmos DB
6 43 (3.37%) Azure Logic Apps
7 41 (3.21%) Azure Functions
8 40 (3.13%) Azure Storage
9 38 (2.98%) AWS CloudFormation
10 35 (2.74%) GitHub
11 27 (2.11%) OpenShift
12 16 (1.25%) Apigee
13 14 (1.10%) Amazon S3
14 13 (1.02%) SaaS
15 12 (0.94%) Amazon EC2
15 12 (0.94%) IaaS
16 11 (0.86%) PaaS
17 9 (0.70%) Power Platform
18 8 (0.63%) Snowflake
Communications & Networking
1 45 (3.52%) TCP/IP
2 32 (2.51%) Ethernet
3 19 (1.49%) HTTP
3 19 (1.49%) LAN
4 15 (1.17%) Wi-Fi
5 13 (1.02%) Firewall
5 13 (1.02%) Wireless
6 11 (0.86%) Bluetooth
6 11 (0.86%) Internet
7 10 (0.78%) IPv4
8 9 (0.70%) ATM
8 9 (0.70%) DNS
8 9 (0.70%) Modbus
9 8 (0.63%) MQTT
9 8 (0.63%) RS-485
10 7 (0.55%) 4G
10 7 (0.55%) 5G
10 7 (0.55%) DHCP
10 7 (0.55%) LTE
10 7 (0.55%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 79 (6.19%) Relational Database
2 61 (4.78%) MongoDB
3 55 (4.31%) NoSQL
4 53 (4.15%) SQL Server
5 49 (3.84%) Oracle Database
6 47 (3.68%) Oracle Database 12c
7 44 (3.45%) Azure SQL Database
8 32 (2.51%) MySQL
9 27 (2.11%) PostgreSQL
10 24 (1.88%) Big Data
11 19 (1.49%) Hadoop
12 15 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
13 13 (1.02%) Data Mart
14 11 (0.86%) Data Mining
15 10 (0.78%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 10 (0.78%) Amazon Redshift
15 10 (0.78%) Data Warehouse
15 10 (0.78%) Metadata
15 10 (0.78%) Tableau
16 9 (0.70%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 161 (12.61%) Jenkins
2 157 (12.29%) Git (software)
3 119 (9.32%) Visual Studio
4 103 (8.07%) Subversion
5 97 (7.60%) JIRA
6 59 (4.62%) Bitbucket
7 42 (3.29%) Oracle APEX
8 39 (3.05%) CppUnit
8 39 (3.05%) Eclipse
8 39 (3.05%) TeamCity
9 31 (2.43%) JUnit
10 29 (2.27%) Artifactory
11 27 (2.11%) NetBeans
12 23 (1.80%) Xcode
13 22 (1.72%) Maven
14 21 (1.64%) Selenium
15 20 (1.57%) GitLab
16 18 (1.41%) Rational DOORS
17 17 (1.33%) Cucumber
17 17 (1.33%) Robot Framework
General
1 286 (22.40%) Finance
2 249 (19.50%) Social Skills
3 243 (19.03%) Front Office
4 238 (18.64%) Banking
5 163 (12.76%) Investment Banking
6 105 (8.22%) Analytical Skills
7 44 (3.45%) Law
8 36 (2.82%) Aerospace
9 30 (2.35%) Back Office
9 30 (2.35%) Presentation Skills
10 28 (2.19%) Electronics
11 24 (1.88%) Automotive
12 21 (1.64%) Financial Institution
12 21 (1.64%) Games
13 20 (1.57%) Telecoms
14 19 (1.49%) Documentation Skills
15 18 (1.41%) Manufacturing
16 15 (1.17%) Military
17 12 (0.94%) Public Sector
18 11 (0.86%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 739 (57.87%) Developer
2 302 (23.65%) C++ Developer
3 182 (14.25%) Software Engineer
4 123 (9.63%) C# Developer
5 119 (9.32%) Java Developer
6 95 (7.44%) Front Office Developer
7 74 (5.79%) Python Developer
8 72 (5.64%) Quantitative Developer
9 70 (5.48%) Embedded Engineer
10 68 (5.32%) C++ Software Engineer
11 63 (4.93%) Embedded Software Engineer
11 63 (4.93%) Senior Developer
12 56 (4.39%) Software Developer
13 51 (3.99%) Investment Banking C++ Developer
13 51 (3.99%) Lead Developer
14 47 (3.68%) Data Engineer
15 46 (3.60%) Architect
16 43 (3.37%) C++/C# Developer
16 43 (3.37%) Full Stack Developer
17 38 (2.98%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 253 (19.81%) .NET
2 106 (8.30%) AngularJS
3 100 (7.83%) Node.js
4 92 (7.20%) XML
5 90 (7.05%) .NET Core
6 80 (6.26%) React
7 73 (5.72%) JSON
8 71 (5.56%) STL
9 64 (5.01%) HTML
10 59 (4.62%) Boost C++ Libraries
11 53 (4.15%) REST
12 51 (3.99%) Web Services
13 50 (3.92%) FIX Protocol
14 44 (3.45%) .NET Framework
15 43 (3.37%) Kafka
16 39 (3.05%) GraphQL
17 38 (2.98%) RESTful
18 36 (2.82%) Qt
19 27 (2.11%) Middleware
20 24 (1.88%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 205 (16.05%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
2 121 (9.48%) Derivative
3 110 (8.61%) Fixed Income
4 89 (6.97%) Algorithms
5 80 (6.26%) Data Structures
6 64 (5.01%) Hedge funds
7 56 (4.39%) Equities
8 53 (4.15%) User Experience
9 50 (3.92%) Cloud Native
10 46 (3.60%) Legacy Systems
11 43 (3.37%) Credit Risk
11 43 (3.37%) Greenfield Project
12 29 (2.27%) Embedded Systems
12 29 (2.27%) Enterprise Software
13 28 (2.19%) Self-Motivation
14 26 (2.04%) Management Information System
15 23 (1.80%) Market Risk
16 22 (1.72%) Client/Server
17 21 (1.64%) Data Protection Act
18 16 (1.25%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 352 (27.56%) Linux
2 228 (17.85%) Windows
3 81 (6.34%) Unix
4 51 (3.99%) Android
5 41 (3.21%) Apple iOS
6 25 (1.96%) Embedded Linux
7 19 (1.49%) Mac OS
8 15 (1.17%) CentOS
9 13 (1.02%) Windows 10
10 12 (0.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 11 (0.86%) Windows Server
12 9 (0.70%) FreeRTOS
12 9 (0.70%) Windows Server 2016
13 4 (0.31%) VxWorks
14 3 (0.23%) Solaris
14 3 (0.23%) ThreadX
14 3 (0.23%) Ubuntu
15 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
15 2 (0.16%) SafeRTOS
15 2 (0.16%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 444 (34.77%) Software Engineering
2 399 (31.25%) Agile Software Development
3 179 (14.02%) DevOps
4 166 (13.00%) Multithreading
5 155 (12.14%) OO
6 146 (11.43%) TDD
7 138 (10.81%) Computer Science
8 135 (10.57%) Test Automation
9 131 (10.26%) Full Stack Development
10 130 (10.18%) Scrum
11 129 (10.10%) Analytics
12 121 (9.48%) Continuous Integration
13 120 (9.40%) Microservices
14 118 (9.24%) Unit Testing
15 110 (8.61%) SDLC
16 107 (8.38%) Problem-Solving
17 105 (8.22%) Low Latency
18 88 (6.89%) Mathematics
19 87 (6.81%) Electronic Trading
20 85 (6.66%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 536 (41.97%) Python
2 532 (41.66%) Java
3 479 (37.51%) C#
4 326 (25.53%) SQL
5 281 (22.00%) C
6 189 (14.80%) JavaScript
7 110 (8.61%) Go
8 69 (5.40%) TypeScript
9 66 (5.17%) Scala
10 55 (4.31%) PL/SQL
11 50 (3.92%) Perl
12 49 (3.84%) Embedded C++
13 47 (3.68%) Kotlin
14 44 (3.45%) T-SQL
15 43 (3.37%) Bash Shell
16 41 (3.21%) Embedded C
17 38 (2.98%) VBA
18 35 (2.74%) Objective-C
19 32 (2.51%) PowerShell
20 27 (2.11%) Ruby
Qualifications
1 173 (13.55%) Degree
2 150 (11.75%) Security Cleared
3 133 (10.42%) SC Cleared
4 36 (2.82%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.41%) Numerate Degree
6 15 (1.17%) DV Cleared
7 11 (0.86%) PhD
8 8 (0.63%) Master's Degree
9 7 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
9 7 (0.55%) CCNA
9 7 (0.55%) Cisco Certification
10 6 (0.47%) CISSP
11 5 (0.39%) Sun Certification
12 4 (0.31%) AWS Certification
12 4 (0.31%) ISTQB
13 3 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
14 1 (0.078%) CCNP
14 1 (0.078%) CFA
14 1 (0.078%) CISA
14 1 (0.078%) CISM
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 54 (4.23%) QA
2 11 (0.86%) MiFID
3 10 (0.78%) GDPR
4 6 (0.47%) SLA
5 5 (0.39%) IEC 61508
5 5 (0.39%) PMO
6 4 (0.31%) Accessibility
6 4 (0.31%) MISRA
7 3 (0.23%) DO-178B
7 3 (0.23%) MISRA C
8 2 (0.16%) Data Quality
8 2 (0.16%) DO-254
8 2 (0.16%) HIPAA
8 2 (0.16%) ISO 26262
9 1 (0.078%) Disclosure Scotland
9 1 (0.078%) ISO 20022
9 1 (0.078%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 104 (8.14%) Docker
2 16 (1.25%) Firmware
3 13 (1.02%) Virtual Machines
4 7 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
5 6 (0.47%) iptables
6 5 (0.39%) Active Directory
7 4 (0.31%) KVM
7 4 (0.31%) Xen
8 2 (0.16%) Ceph
8 2 (0.16%) GridGain
9 1 (0.078%) Microsoft App-V
9 1 (0.078%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.078%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 120 (9.40%) Kubernetes
2 50 (3.92%) Ansible
3 49 (3.84%) Terraform
4 21 (1.64%) BladeLogic
5 18 (1.41%) ITRS Geneos
6 15 (1.17%) Puppet
7 9 (0.70%) Istio
7 9 (0.70%) Opscode Chef
8 8 (0.63%) Prometheus
9 6 (0.47%) Grafana
10 5 (0.39%) SCCM
11 4 (0.31%) Knative
12 3 (0.23%) HP ALM
12 3 (0.23%) MIIS
13 2 (0.16%) Kibana
13 2 (0.16%) linkerd
13 2 (0.16%) PTC Integrity
13 2 (0.16%) Salt
13 2 (0.16%) Sysdig
14 1 (0.078%) Consul
Vendors
1 159 (12.45%) Oracle
2 67 (5.25%) Microsoft
3 42 (3.29%) MuleSoft
4 37 (2.90%) Google
5 35 (2.74%) FIS
5 35 (2.74%) IBM
6 34 (2.66%) SunGard
7 17 (1.33%) ION Trading
8 16 (1.25%) Atlassian
8 16 (1.25%) Splunk
8 16 (1.25%) Sybase
9 13 (1.02%) TIBCO
10 12 (0.94%) Red Hat
11 9 (0.70%) Dynatrace
11 9 (0.70%) Embarcadero
11 9 (0.70%) EMC
12 8 (0.63%) Salesforce.com
13 7 (0.55%) HP
13 7 (0.55%) Murex
13 7 (0.55%) QNX