Period
to 24 July 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for Validation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Validation over the 6 months to 24 July 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Validation
UK > England
6 months to
24 Jul 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 158 171 221
Rank change year-on-year +13 +50 -10
Contract jobs citing Validation 976 535 1,098
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 1.72% 1.60% 1.31%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.95% 1.85% 1.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 526 306 652
10th Percentile £311 £276 £311
25th Percentile £363 £400 £381
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £483 £450
Median % change year-on-year -1.55% +7.22% -
75th Percentile £575 £555 £538
90th Percentile £675 £650 £625
UK median daily rate £490 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +3.16% +5.56% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 39 62
10th Percentile £12.25 £12.70 £20.01
25th Percentile £14.25 £26.00 £29.52
Median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £43.25
Median % change year-on-year -11.11% +4.05% +3.94%
75th Percentile £55.00 £53.13 £50.00
90th Percentile £65.54 £61.60 £57.15
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £45.00 £42.50
% change year-on-year -11.11% +5.88% +3.66%

Validation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 50,121 28,945 73,415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 88.56% 86.71% 87.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 34,693 19,679 49,670
10th Percentile £313 £305 £303
25th Percentile £408 £400 £388
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +2.70%
75th Percentile £600 £588 £575
90th Percentile £700 £675 £650
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £475
% change year-on-year +5.26% - +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,470 790 1,912
10th Percentile £11.99 £12.37 £11.85
25th Percentile £14.55 £15.79 £14.60
Median hourly rate £23.00 £23.54 £23.00
Median % change year-on-year -2.28% +2.34% +9.52%
75th Percentile £46.50 £46.02 £46.00
90th Percentile £60.00 £55.00 £52.50
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £23.08 £22.79
% change year-on-year +4.01% +1.25% +13.95%

Validation
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing Validation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for Validation in England

Validation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Validation in England.

Daily rate trend for Validation in England

Validation
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Validation in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Validation in England

Validation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Validation in England.

Hourly rate trend for Validation in England

Validation
Hourly Rate Histogram in England

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Validation in England over the 6 months to 24 July 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Validation in England

Validation
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Validation within the England region over the 6 months to 24 July 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -7 412 £525 +5.00% 107
South East +10 171 £425 -10.53% 73
North of England -24 97 £380 -15.50% 61
East of England +18 81 £363 -22.04% 55
Midlands +7 79 £400 -15.79% 44
South West +11 70 £425 -12.82% 53
North West -22 52 £375 -18.92% 27
West Midlands -19 47 £400 -15.79% 30
East Midlands +6 31 £440 +25.71% 14
Yorkshire -8 29 £425 -1.73% 17
North East +5 17 £425 +2.10% 17
Validation
UK

For the 6 months to 24 July 2021, IT contractor jobs citing Validation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for Validation.

1 255 (26.13%) Agile Software Development
2 241 (24.69%) Social Skills
3 220 (22.54%) Finance
4 164 (16.80%) SQL
5 143 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
6 141 (14.45%) Security Cleared
7 134 (13.73%) Migration
8 124 (12.70%) Degree
9 117 (11.99%) Python
10 112 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
11 100 (10.25%) SC Cleared
12 99 (10.14%) Data Validation
13 93 (9.53%) Project Management
14 89 (9.12%) Scrum
14 89 (9.12%) Analytics
15 88 (9.02%) Azure
16 84 (8.61%) AWS
17 81 (8.30%) JIRA
17 81 (8.30%) Oracle
18 80 (8.20%) C++
18 80 (8.20%) Java
19 79 (8.09%) Test Automation
19 79 (8.09%) DevOps
20 78 (7.99%) ETL
21 76 (7.79%) Telecoms
22 75 (7.68%) SAP
23 73 (7.48%) Business Intelligence
23 73 (7.48%) Software Engineering
24 71 (7.27%) Data Migration
24 71 (7.27%) Data Quality

Validation
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (4.30%) Confluence
2 21 (2.15%) Apache Spark
3 19 (1.95%) Apache
4 14 (1.43%) SAS
4 14 (1.43%) SharePoint
5 8 (0.82%) CMS
6 7 (0.72%) Drupal
6 7 (0.72%) OpenStack
7 6 (0.61%) Tomcat
8 5 (0.51%) JBoss
9 4 (0.41%) Apache Airflow
9 4 (0.41%) Apache Solr
9 4 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 4 (0.41%) WebLogic
10 3 (0.31%) Skype for Business
11 2 (0.20%) WildFly
12 1 (0.10%) Apache Pig
12 1 (0.10%) Apache ServiceMix
12 1 (0.10%) Jupyter
12 1 (0.10%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 70 (7.17%) Microsoft Excel
2 57 (5.84%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (3.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 28 (2.87%) MS Visio
5 21 (2.15%) Simulink
6 14 (1.43%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 14 (1.43%) Figma
7 12 (1.23%) Windchill
8 10 (1.02%) PTC Creo
9 8 (0.82%) Microsoft Project
9 8 (0.82%) Stateflow
10 7 (0.72%) Photoshop
11 6 (0.61%) Spreadsheet
12 5 (0.51%) InVision
12 5 (0.51%) Sketch
13 2 (0.20%) FrameMaker
13 2 (0.20%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 16 (1.64%) SAP S/4HANA
2 14 (1.43%) Cerner Millennium
2 14 (1.43%) Teamcenter
3 9 (0.92%) SAP MDG
4 6 (0.61%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.51%) Dynamics CRM
5 5 (0.51%) Oracle Applications
6 4 (0.41%) Oracle EBS R12
7 3 (0.31%) Infor CloudSuite Industrial (formerly SyteLine)
7 3 (0.31%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
7 3 (0.31%) Remedy ITSM
7 3 (0.31%) SAP MDM
8 2 (0.20%) Dynamics NAV
8 2 (0.20%) Elite 3E
8 2 (0.20%) Endur
8 2 (0.20%) Oracle Clinical
8 2 (0.20%) Oracle General Ledger
8 2 (0.20%) SAP SD
8 2 (0.20%) TrackWise
8 2 (0.20%) Workday HCM
Cloud Services
1 88 (9.02%) Azure
2 84 (8.61%) AWS
3 40 (4.10%) Power Platform
4 38 (3.89%) GCP
5 21 (2.15%) Serverless
6 19 (1.95%) GitHub
7 18 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
7 18 (1.84%) AWS Lambda
7 18 (1.84%) Salesforce Service Cloud
8 17 (1.74%) Amazon CloudWatch
9 16 (1.64%) PaaS
9 16 (1.64%) SaaS
10 15 (1.54%) Amazon S3
10 15 (1.54%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
11 14 (1.43%) Amazon EKS
11 14 (1.43%) IaaS
11 14 (1.43%) OpenShift
11 14 (1.43%) Route 53
12 12 (1.23%) AWS Step Functions
13 11 (1.13%) Amazon ECS
Communications & Networking
1 23 (2.36%) LAN
2 20 (2.05%) Internet
3 18 (1.84%) VoIP
4 16 (1.64%) 4G
4 16 (1.64%) Firewall
4 16 (1.64%) Wireless
5 15 (1.54%) WAN
6 14 (1.43%) 5G
7 12 (1.23%) 2G
7 12 (1.23%) 3G
7 12 (1.23%) DNS
8 11 (1.13%) PBX
9 10 (1.02%) VXLAN
10 9 (0.92%) GPRS
10 9 (0.92%) GSM
10 9 (0.92%) HTTP
10 9 (0.92%) UMTS
10 9 (0.92%) Wi-Fi
11 8 (0.82%) 3GPP
11 8 (0.82%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (5.94%) Data Warehouse
2 39 (4.00%) Relational Database
3 38 (3.89%) Power BI
4 34 (3.48%) Big Data
5 33 (3.38%) SQL Server
6 30 (3.07%) Tableau
7 22 (2.25%) Hadoop
7 22 (2.25%) Metadata
7 22 (2.25%) NoSQL
7 22 (2.25%) Oracle Reports
8 19 (1.95%) Data Lake
9 18 (1.84%) MySQL
10 14 (1.43%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 13 (1.33%) BigQuery
12 12 (1.23%) Apache Hive
13 11 (1.13%) SAP HANA
14 10 (1.02%) Amazon Redshift
14 10 (1.02%) PostgreSQL
15 9 (0.92%) Oracle Database
16 8 (0.82%) MongoDB
Development Applications
1 81 (8.30%) JIRA
2 40 (4.10%) Git (software)
3 38 (3.89%) Jenkins
4 24 (2.46%) Selenium
5 20 (2.05%) Eclipse
6 18 (1.84%) JUnit
6 18 (1.84%) Maven
6 18 (1.84%) Rational DOORS
7 17 (1.74%) Cucumber
8 16 (1.64%) Subversion
9 13 (1.33%) Visual Studio
10 11 (1.13%) Rational Rhapsody
10 11 (1.13%) Sonatype Nexus
10 11 (1.13%) TeamCity
11 10 (1.02%) GitLab
11 10 (1.02%) webpack
12 9 (0.92%) LoadRunner
13 8 (0.82%) FishEye
13 8 (0.82%) TestNG
14 7 (0.72%) TestRail
General
1 241 (24.69%) Social Skills
2 220 (22.54%) Finance
3 143 (14.65%) Analytical Skills
4 76 (7.79%) Telecoms
5 49 (5.02%) Banking
6 44 (4.51%) Public Sector
7 34 (3.48%) Manufacturing
8 31 (3.18%) Front Office
9 30 (3.07%) Pharmaceutical
10 29 (2.97%) Presentation Skills
11 24 (2.46%) Law
12 22 (2.25%) Aerospace
13 18 (1.84%) Legal
13 18 (1.84%) Marketing
14 17 (1.74%) Documentation Skills
15 16 (1.64%) Billing
16 15 (1.54%) Influencing Skills
16 15 (1.54%) Investment Banking
16 15 (1.54%) Retail
17 14 (1.43%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 216 (22.13%) Analyst
2 139 (14.24%) Developer
3 67 (6.86%) Architect
4 66 (6.76%) Business Analyst
5 56 (5.74%) Consultant
6 55 (5.64%) Data Analyst
7 39 (4.00%) Test Engineer
8 38 (3.89%) Project Manager
9 37 (3.79%) Java Developer
10 34 (3.48%) Systems Engineer
11 32 (3.28%) Data Engineer
11 32 (3.28%) Software Engineer
12 31 (3.18%) Test Analyst
13 30 (3.07%) Designer
14 28 (2.87%) Salesforce Developer
15 22 (2.25%) Embedded Engineer
15 22 (2.25%) Technical Architect
16 21 (2.15%) Embedded Software Engineer
17 20 (2.05%) Quantitative Analyst
17 20 (2.05%) Test Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 36 (3.69%) CSS
1 36 (3.69%) Visualforce
2 34 (3.48%) Node.js
3 32 (3.28%) JSON
3 32 (3.28%) Spring
4 30 (3.07%) REST
5 27 (2.77%) HTML
5 27 (2.77%) SOAP
6 25 (2.56%) RESTful
7 23 (2.36%) Web Services
7 23 (2.36%) XML
8 20 (2.05%) GraphQL
8 20 (2.05%) React
9 18 (1.84%) .NET
10 13 (1.33%) AngularJS
10 13 (1.33%) YAML
11 12 (1.23%) gRPC
11 12 (1.23%) Spring Boot
12 10 (1.02%) LitElement
12 10 (1.02%) Pandas
Miscellaneous
1 59 (6.05%) Management Information System
2 54 (5.53%) User Experience
3 38 (3.89%) Algorithms
4 29 (2.97%) NHS
5 27 (2.77%) Self-Motivation
6 23 (2.36%) iPad
7 16 (1.64%) Data Structures
8 15 (1.54%) Data Protection Act
9 13 (1.33%) Market Risk
10 12 (1.23%) Public Cloud
10 12 (1.23%) Replication
11 11 (1.13%) Virtual Team
12 10 (1.02%) Analytical Mindset
12 10 (1.02%) Credit Risk
12 10 (1.02%) Reference Data
13 9 (0.92%) Data Centre
13 9 (0.92%) Hybrid Cloud
14 8 (0.82%) Embedded Systems
14 8 (0.82%) Greenfield Project
14 8 (0.82%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 71 (7.27%) Linux
2 51 (5.23%) Windows
3 30 (3.07%) Unix
4 13 (1.33%) Apple iOS
5 9 (0.92%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 8 (0.82%) Mac OS X
7 7 (0.72%) Embedded Linux
8 6 (0.61%) VMS
9 5 (0.51%) Android
9 5 (0.51%) Windows 10
9 5 (0.51%) Windows Server
10 4 (0.41%) FreeRTOS
10 4 (0.41%) Solaris
11 3 (0.31%) AIX
11 3 (0.31%) VxWorks
12 2 (0.20%) CoreOS
12 2 (0.20%) Debian
12 2 (0.20%) SafeRTOS
12 2 (0.20%) Ubuntu
13 1 (0.10%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 255 (26.13%) Agile Software Development
2 134 (13.73%) Migration
3 112 (11.48%) Problem-Solving
4 99 (10.14%) Data Validation
5 93 (9.53%) Project Management
6 89 (9.12%) Analytics
6 89 (9.12%) Scrum
7 79 (8.09%) DevOps
7 79 (8.09%) Test Automation
8 78 (7.99%) ETL
9 73 (7.48%) Business Intelligence
9 73 (7.48%) Software Engineering
10 71 (7.27%) Data Migration
11 68 (6.97%) SDLC
11 68 (6.97%) Test Scripting
12 65 (6.66%) Requirements Gathering
13 58 (5.94%) Data Analysis
14 55 (5.64%) User Acceptance Testing
14 55 (5.64%) Visualisation
15 53 (5.43%) Data Modelling
Programming Languages
1 164 (16.80%) SQL
2 117 (11.99%) Python
3 80 (8.20%) C++
3 80 (8.20%) Java
4 53 (5.43%) C
5 45 (4.61%) C#
6 41 (4.20%) JavaScript
7 38 (3.89%) Apex Code
8 28 (2.87%) R
9 26 (2.66%) MATLAB
10 19 (1.95%) Java 8
11 18 (1.84%) VBA
12 16 (1.64%) TypeScript
13 15 (1.54%) PowerShell
14 14 (1.43%) Scala
15 13 (1.33%) PL/SQL
15 13 (1.33%) T-SQL
16 12 (1.23%) Embedded C
16 12 (1.23%) Go
17 10 (1.02%) Embedded C++
Qualifications
1 141 (14.45%) Security Cleared
2 124 (12.70%) Degree
3 100 (10.25%) SC Cleared
4 39 (4.00%) ISEB
5 38 (3.89%) ISTQB
6 23 (2.36%) DV Cleared
7 20 (2.05%) Cisco Certification
8 17 (1.74%) Master's Degree
8 17 (1.74%) PMI Certification
8 17 (1.74%) PMP
9 15 (1.54%) CISSP
10 13 (1.33%) ISEB Practitioner
11 12 (1.23%) BPSS Clearance
11 12 (1.23%) PhD
12 11 (1.13%) CISM
13 10 (1.02%) CCNP
14 8 (0.82%) CCNA
15 7 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
15 7 (0.72%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 6 (0.61%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 71 (7.27%) Data Quality
2 70 (7.17%) QA
3 26 (2.66%) SLA
4 19 (1.95%) GxP
5 16 (1.64%) Accessibility
5 16 (1.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
6 12 (1.23%) PMO
7 11 (1.13%) GDPR
8 10 (1.02%) HL7
9 9 (0.92%) GMP
10 5 (0.51%) IEC 61508
11 4 (0.41%) Disclosure Scotland
11 4 (0.41%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
11 4 (0.41%) MiFID
11 4 (0.41%) MISRA
12 3 (0.31%) MISRA C
12 3 (0.31%) Sarbanes-Oxley
12 3 (0.31%) Solvency II
13 2 (0.20%) DO-254
13 2 (0.20%) Good Clinical Practice
System Software
1 58 (5.94%) Docker
2 24 (2.46%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.74%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (1.23%) Firmware
5 8 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
6 5 (0.51%) HDFS
7 4 (0.41%) iptables
7 4 (0.41%) KVM
7 4 (0.41%) Xen
8 2 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
8 2 (0.20%) VMware ESXi
8 2 (0.20%) VMware NSX
8 2 (0.20%) vSphere
9 1 (0.10%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 64 (6.56%) Kubernetes
2 25 (2.56%) Terraform
3 23 (2.36%) Ansible
4 16 (1.64%) HP ALM
4 16 (1.64%) HP Quality Center
5 8 (0.82%) Puppet
6 5 (0.51%) vCenter Server
7 4 (0.41%) EMC NetWorker
8 3 (0.31%) OpenView Configuration Management
8 3 (0.31%) Packer
8 3 (0.31%) SCCM
9 2 (0.20%) Ionix
9 2 (0.20%) Microsoft Intune
9 2 (0.20%) NSN NetAct
9 2 (0.20%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 1 (0.10%) Active Directory Federation Services
10 1 (0.10%) Kibana
10 1 (0.10%) OPNET
10 1 (0.10%) Opscode Chef
10 1 (0.10%) WMI
Vendors
1 81 (8.30%) Oracle
2 75 (7.68%) SAP
3 67 (6.86%) Microsoft
4 62 (6.35%) Salesforce.com
5 32 (3.28%) Google
6 30 (3.07%) Adobe
7 28 (2.87%) Cisco
8 20 (2.05%) VMware
9 18 (1.84%) HP
10 15 (1.54%) Atlassian
10 15 (1.54%) CA
11 14 (1.43%) Cerner
12 13 (1.33%) IBM
12 13 (1.33%) Siemens
13 12 (1.23%) Informatica
14 11 (1.13%) ServiceNow
15 10 (1.02%) Juniper
15 10 (1.02%) SolarWinds
16 9 (0.92%) Remedy
17 8 (0.82%) Bloomberg