Period
to 18 August 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 18 August 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Aug 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 741 794 728
Rank change year-on-year +53 -66 -65
Contract jobs citing KVM 50 61 99
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.061% 0.065% 0.11%
As % of the System Software category 0.39% 0.45% 0.93%
Number of daily rates quoted 31 34 80
England median daily rate £485 £475 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.11% +13.10% -10.40%
10th Percentile £213 £270 £319
90th Percentile £550 £625 £550
UK median daily rate £485 £475 £420
% change year-on-year +2.11% +13.10% -11.58%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
England median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate - - -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 12,921 13,542 10,598
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.67% 14.39% 11.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 8,653 8,821 6,845
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £181 £185 £175
90th Percentile £638 £625 £594
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 535 806 602
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.50 £16.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +3.13% +0.91%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.09 £10.34
90th Percentile £47.83 £45.19 £45.25
UK median hourly rate £17.00 £16.36 £16.00
% change year-on-year +3.93% +2.23% -3.03%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 18 August 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 18 August 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +42 32 £500 -4.76% 7
South East +19 9 £500 +5.26% 2
North of England +19 5 £365 -14.12% 4
North East - 3 £365 -
East of England +30 2 £275 - 5
Yorkshire +15 2 - - 2
South West -20 1 - - 5
West Midlands - 1 £125 -
Midlands - 1 £125 -
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 18 August 2019, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 43 (86.00%) Linux
2 37 (74.00%) VMware
3 36 (72.00%) VMware Infrastructure
4 25 (50.00%) Microsoft
5 23 (46.00%) Python
6 21 (42.00%) Windows
7 19 (38.00%) Perl
7 19 (38.00%) Red Hat
8 18 (36.00%) Puppet
8 18 (36.00%) Opscode Chef
8 18 (36.00%) Docker
9 17 (34.00%) Ansible
9 17 (34.00%) Bash Shell
10 16 (32.00%) Java
10 16 (32.00%) Unix
11 15 (30.00%) Git (software)
12 14 (28.00%) Solaris
12 14 (28.00%) LDAP
13 13 (26.00%) PowerShell
13 13 (26.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 12 (24.00%) Xen
14 12 (24.00%) ITIL
14 12 (24.00%) EMC
14 12 (24.00%) Veritas
14 12 (24.00%) DevOps
15 11 (22.00%) Single Sign-On
15 11 (22.00%) Firewall
15 11 (22.00%) MySQL
15 11 (22.00%) CentOS
15 11 (22.00%) Hyper-V

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 8 (16.00%) OpenStack
2 7 (14.00%) Apache
2 7 (14.00%) IIS
2 7 (14.00%) nginx
3 3 (6.00%) lighttpd
3 3 (6.00%) Tomcat
4 2 (4.00%) Elasticsearch
4 2 (4.00%) Exchange Server 2010
4 2 (4.00%) Jetty
4 2 (4.00%) Mongrel
4 2 (4.00%) MS Exchange
4 2 (4.00%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (2.00%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (4.00%) Eloqua
Cloud Services
1 7 (14.00%) Amazon AWS
2 6 (12.00%) Google Cloud Platform
2 6 (12.00%) Microsoft Azure
3 5 (10.00%) GitHub
3 5 (10.00%) Google App Engine
4 4 (8.00%) Cloud Computing
5 3 (6.00%) PaaS
5 3 (6.00%) Rackspace Cloud
5 3 (6.00%) SaaS
6 2 (4.00%) Heroku
6 2 (4.00%) Mimecast
6 2 (4.00%) Sumo Logic
7 1 (2.00%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 11 (22.00%) Firewall
2 6 (12.00%) Cisco ASA
2 6 (12.00%) DNS
3 5 (10.00%) NetScaler
3 5 (10.00%) SAN
4 4 (8.00%) BIG-IP
4 4 (8.00%) Cisco Nexus
4 4 (8.00%) NAS
4 4 (8.00%) VLAN
5 3 (6.00%) HTTP
5 3 (6.00%) iSCSI
5 3 (6.00%) MPLS
5 3 (6.00%) VPN
6 2 (4.00%) ADSL
6 2 (4.00%) DHCP
6 2 (4.00%) Internet
6 2 (4.00%) LAN
6 2 (4.00%) PBX
6 2 (4.00%) Remote Desktop
7 1 (2.00%) MQTT
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (22.00%) MySQL
2 5 (10.00%) MariaDB
2 5 (10.00%) PostgreSQL
3 4 (8.00%) Apache Cassandra
3 4 (8.00%) NoSQL
3 4 (8.00%) SQL Server
4 3 (6.00%) MongoDB
4 3 (6.00%) Oracle Database
4 3 (6.00%) Oracle Database 10g
4 3 (6.00%) Oracle Database 11g
4 3 (6.00%) Oracle Database 12c
4 3 (6.00%) Relational Database
5 2 (4.00%) Aerospike
5 2 (4.00%) InfluxDB
5 2 (4.00%) Redis
Development Applications
1 15 (30.00%) Git (software)
2 10 (20.00%) Jenkins
3 7 (14.00%) TeamCity
4 5 (10.00%) Bitbucket
5 4 (8.00%) Maven
5 4 (8.00%) Sonatype Nexus
5 4 (8.00%) Subversion
6 3 (6.00%) Ant
6 3 (6.00%) Mercurial
6 3 (6.00%) MSBuild
7 2 (4.00%) Cucumber
7 2 (4.00%) JIRA
7 2 (4.00%) Octopus Deploy
7 2 (4.00%) Selenium
8 1 (2.00%) Bazaar
8 1 (2.00%) Bugzilla
8 1 (2.00%) IBM UrbanCode
8 1 (2.00%) Visual Studio
General
1 10 (20.00%) Banking
2 6 (12.00%) Finance
3 2 (4.00%) Multimedia
3 2 (4.00%) Telecoms
4 1 (2.00%) Back Office
4 1 (2.00%) Financial Institution
4 1 (2.00%) Investment Banking
4 1 (2.00%) Public Sector
Job Titles
1 9 (18.00%) Administrator
1 9 (18.00%) Systems Administrator
2 6 (12.00%) Unix Administrator
2 6 (12.00%) Unix Systems Administrator
3 5 (10.00%) Systems Engineer
4 4 (8.00%) Architect
4 4 (8.00%) DevOps Engineer
4 4 (8.00%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 4 (8.00%) Linux Administrator
4 4 (8.00%) Linux Systems Administrator
4 4 (8.00%) Senior Systems Administrator
4 4 (8.00%) Senior Unix Administrator
4 4 (8.00%) Senior Unix Systems Administrator
4 4 (8.00%) Unix Architect
5 3 (6.00%) AWS DevOps
5 3 (6.00%) AWS DevOps Engineer
5 3 (6.00%) AWS Engineer
5 3 (6.00%) Cloud Engineer
5 3 (6.00%) Lead DevOps
5 3 (6.00%) Senior Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (28.00%) LDAP
2 4 (8.00%) Elastic Stack
2 4 (8.00%) LAMP
2 4 (8.00%) RabbitMQ
3 3 (6.00%) ActiveMQ
3 3 (6.00%) JRuby
3 3 (6.00%) Kafka
3 3 (6.00%) LAPP Stack
3 3 (6.00%) LEMP Stack
3 3 (6.00%) Node.js
3 3 (6.00%) Oracle GoldenGate
3 3 (6.00%) Servlets
4 2 (4.00%) Sensu
4 2 (4.00%) WebRTC
5 1 (2.00%) Ajax
5 1 (2.00%) Java EE
5 1 (2.00%) libvirt
5 1 (2.00%) REST
5 1 (2.00%) RESTful
5 1 (2.00%) WebSockets
Miscellaneous
1 10 (20.00%) HACMP
2 6 (12.00%) Data Centre
2 6 (12.00%) Public Cloud
2 6 (12.00%) Replication
3 5 (10.00%) Clustering
4 2 (4.00%) Handset
4 2 (4.00%) IVR
4 2 (4.00%) Private Cloud
5 1 (2.00%) Algorithms
5 1 (2.00%) Analytical Skills
5 1 (2.00%) Data Structures
5 1 (2.00%) Derivative
5 1 (2.00%) Device Driver
5 1 (2.00%) Hedge funds
5 1 (2.00%) Hybrid Cloud
5 1 (2.00%) PKI
5 1 (2.00%) Self-Motivation
5 1 (2.00%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 43 (86.00%) Linux
2 21 (42.00%) Windows
3 16 (32.00%) Unix
4 14 (28.00%) Solaris
5 13 (26.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 11 (22.00%) CentOS
7 10 (20.00%) Windows Server
8 9 (18.00%) Ubuntu
9 6 (12.00%) Debian
10 5 (10.00%) SUSE
10 5 (10.00%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (6.00%) Fedora
11 3 (6.00%) Windows Server 2012
12 2 (4.00%) Windows 7
12 2 (4.00%) Windows Server 2003
13 1 (2.00%) VMS
13 1 (2.00%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 12 (24.00%) DevOps
1 12 (24.00%) ITIL
2 9 (18.00%) Configuration Management
3 7 (14.00%) Infrastructure Engineering
4 6 (12.00%) Migration
5 5 (10.00%) Mentoring
6 4 (8.00%) Agile Software Development
6 4 (8.00%) Continuous Integration
6 4 (8.00%) E-Commerce
6 4 (8.00%) Infrastructure Automation
6 4 (8.00%) Scrum
7 3 (6.00%) Data Modelling
7 3 (6.00%) Data Security
7 3 (6.00%) Kalman Filter
7 3 (6.00%) Performance Monitoring
7 3 (6.00%) Problem-Solving
7 3 (6.00%) Project Roadmap
7 3 (6.00%) Test Automation
8 2 (4.00%) Network Monitoring
8 2 (4.00%) Performance Tuning
Programming Languages
1 23 (46.00%) Python
2 19 (38.00%) Perl
3 17 (34.00%) Bash Shell
4 16 (32.00%) Java
5 13 (26.00%) PowerShell
6 10 (20.00%) Ruby
7 6 (12.00%) Go
7 6 (12.00%) SQL
8 4 (8.00%) Shell Script
9 3 (6.00%) JavaScript
9 3 (6.00%) PL/SQL
10 2 (4.00%) C++
10 2 (4.00%) Clojure
10 2 (4.00%) PHP
11 1 (2.00%) AWK
11 1 (2.00%) C
11 1 (2.00%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 8 (16.00%) ITIL Certification
2 4 (8.00%) CCNP
2 4 (8.00%) Cisco Certification
2 4 (8.00%) Security Cleared
3 3 (6.00%) Degree
4 2 (4.00%) BPSS Clearance
4 2 (4.00%) SC Cleared
5 1 (2.00%) BC Cleared
5 1 (2.00%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (2.00%) MCSE
5 1 (2.00%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (2.00%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (6.00%) GDPR
1 3 (6.00%) QA
2 2 (4.00%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 36 (72.00%) VMware Infrastructure
2 18 (36.00%) Docker
3 12 (24.00%) Xen
4 11 (22.00%) Hyper-V
5 9 (18.00%) Active Directory
6 4 (8.00%) NFS
6 4 (8.00%) RHEV
6 4 (8.00%) VMware ESXi
6 4 (8.00%) vSphere
7 3 (6.00%) Oracle RAC
7 3 (6.00%) VirtualBox
7 3 (6.00%) VMware NSX
8 2 (4.00%) oVirt
8 2 (4.00%) Samba
9 1 (2.00%) BIND 9
9 1 (2.00%) Btrfs
9 1 (2.00%) LXC
9 1 (2.00%) Postfix
9 1 (2.00%) QEMU
9 1 (2.00%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 18 (36.00%) Opscode Chef
1 18 (36.00%) Puppet
2 17 (34.00%) Ansible
3 11 (22.00%) Single Sign-On
4 9 (18.00%) Kubernetes
5 8 (16.00%) Salt
6 6 (12.00%) Terraform
7 5 (10.00%) Prometheus
8 4 (8.00%) logstash
9 3 (6.00%) Data Guard
9 3 (6.00%) Grafana
9 3 (6.00%) Kibana
9 3 (6.00%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
10 2 (4.00%) Graphite
10 2 (4.00%) Nagios
10 2 (4.00%) NetBackup
10 2 (4.00%) Pingdom
10 2 (4.00%) Tivoli Storage Manager
10 2 (4.00%) WMI
10 2 (4.00%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 37 (74.00%) VMware
2 25 (50.00%) Microsoft
3 19 (38.00%) Red Hat
4 12 (24.00%) EMC
4 12 (24.00%) Veritas
5 10 (20.00%) 3PAR
6 8 (16.00%) Cisco
7 7 (14.00%) Oracle
8 6 (12.00%) Citrix
8 6 (12.00%) HP
9 5 (10.00%) Google
10 4 (8.00%) CheckPoint
10 4 (8.00%) F5
10 4 (8.00%) Veeam
11 3 (6.00%) Palo Alto
11 3 (6.00%) Perforce
11 3 (6.00%) Rackspace
12 2 (4.00%) CA Agile Central
12 2 (4.00%) Symantec
12 2 (4.00%) Verint