Period
to 16 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 16 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 776 769 710
Rank change year-on-year -7 -59 +62
Contract jobs citing KVM 76 73 120
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.083% 0.079% 0.13%
As % of the System Software category 0.54% 0.61% 1.10%
Number of daily rates quoted 45 46 94
England median daily rate £425 £394 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.94% -17.11% +11.76%
10th Percentile £250 £275 £313
90th Percentile £584 £575 £620
UK median daily rate £425 £394 £475
% change year-on-year +7.94% -17.11% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 5 3
England median hourly rate - £18.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -20.00% +80.00%
UK median hourly rate - £18.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year - -20.00% +80.00%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,167 11,909 10,946
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.54% 12.90% 12.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,357 7,831 6,927
England median daily rate £475 £440 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.95% +6.67% +8.55%
10th Percentile £185 £163 £170
90th Percentile £638 £625 £588
UK median daily rate £460 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +8.24% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 718 624 729
England median hourly rate £16.00 £16.50 £16.15
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.03% +2.17% +4.19%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £44.27 £46.60 £43.75
UK median hourly rate £16.05 £16.45 £16.00
% change year-on-year -2.45% +2.83% +3.23%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 16 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 16 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +16 34 £450 +5.88% 14
South East +6 22 £270 +2.86% 4
South West -21 11 £494 -10.23% 11
East of England - 8 £300 - 9
North West -6 1 - - 4
North of England -14 1 - - 6
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 16 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 58 (76.32%) Linux
2 38 (50.00%) Python
2 38 (50.00%) VMware
3 37 (48.68%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (38.16%) Ansible
4 29 (38.16%) Docker
5 28 (36.84%) DevOps
5 28 (36.84%) Puppet
5 28 (36.84%) Firewall
5 28 (36.84%) Windows
5 28 (36.84%) Red Hat
6 26 (34.21%) OpenStack
7 25 (32.89%) Bash Shell
8 24 (31.58%) Ubuntu
8 24 (31.58%) Perl
9 23 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
10 21 (27.63%) TCP/IP
10 21 (27.63%) Opscode Chef
11 20 (26.32%) Jenkins
12 19 (25.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 18 (23.68%) Java
14 16 (21.05%) Git (software)
15 15 (19.74%) Open Source
15 15 (19.74%) Kubernetes
15 15 (19.74%) Windows Server
16 14 (18.42%) CentOS
17 13 (17.11%) LAN
17 13 (17.11%) Cisco
17 13 (17.11%) Microsoft
17 13 (17.11%) Juniper

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (34.21%) OpenStack
2 8 (10.53%) Apache
3 6 (7.89%) IIS
4 5 (6.58%) Elasticsearch
5 3 (3.95%) nginx
6 2 (2.63%) ColdFusion
6 2 (2.63%) Confluence
6 2 (2.63%) Tomcat
7 1 (1.32%) CloudStack
7 1 (1.32%) Drupal
7 1 (1.32%) JBoss
7 1 (1.32%) Jetty
7 1 (1.32%) lighttpd
7 1 (1.32%) Mongrel
7 1 (1.32%) Skype for Business
7 1 (1.32%) WebSphere
Business Applications
1 3 (3.95%) Remedy ITSM
2 1 (1.32%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 23 (30.26%) Amazon AWS
2 10 (13.16%) IaaS
2 10 (13.16%) PaaS
3 7 (9.21%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (9.21%) Office 365
4 5 (6.58%) SaaS
5 4 (5.26%) Google Cloud Platform
6 2 (2.63%) Slack
6 2 (2.63%) Trello
6 2 (2.63%) Yammer
7 1 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (1.32%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (1.32%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (1.32%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (1.32%) GitHub
7 1 (1.32%) Google App Engine
7 1 (1.32%) npm
7 1 (1.32%) OpenShift
7 1 (1.32%) Rackspace Cloud
7 1 (1.32%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 28 (36.84%) Firewall
2 21 (27.63%) TCP/IP
3 13 (17.11%) Internet
3 13 (17.11%) LAN
4 12 (15.79%) MPLS
4 12 (15.79%) WAN
5 11 (14.47%) BGP
5 11 (14.47%) DHCP
6 10 (13.16%) HTTP
7 9 (11.84%) SAN
7 9 (11.84%) SNMP
8 8 (10.53%) Junos
8 8 (10.53%) VLAN
8 8 (10.53%) VPN
9 7 (9.21%) DNS
9 7 (9.21%) OSPF
9 7 (9.21%) VXLAN
10 6 (7.89%) OpenFlow
11 5 (6.58%) Cisco Nexus
11 5 (6.58%) PBX
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (14.47%) MongoDB
2 9 (11.84%) MySQL
3 8 (10.53%) Apache Cassandra
4 6 (7.89%) NoSQL
5 5 (6.58%) PostgreSQL
6 4 (5.26%) MariaDB
7 3 (3.95%) Redis
7 3 (3.95%) Relational Database
8 2 (2.63%) InfluxDB
8 2 (2.63%) RDBMS
9 1 (1.32%) Amazon RDS
9 1 (1.32%) CouchDB
9 1 (1.32%) SQL Server
9 1 (1.32%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 20 (26.32%) Jenkins
2 16 (21.05%) Git (software)
3 7 (9.21%) Subversion
4 6 (7.89%) Maven
4 6 (7.89%) Visual Studio
5 4 (5.26%) GDB
5 4 (5.26%) IBM UrbanCode
5 4 (5.26%) SonarQube
5 4 (5.26%) Sonatype Nexus
5 4 (5.26%) Team Foundation Server
5 4 (5.26%) Valgrind
6 3 (3.95%) GitLab
7 2 (2.63%) JIRA
7 2 (2.63%) Robot Framework
7 2 (2.63%) TeamCity
7 2 (2.63%) Vagrant
8 1 (1.32%) Ant
8 1 (1.32%) CruiseControl
8 1 (1.32%) Gradle
8 1 (1.32%) Mercurial
General
1 12 (15.79%) Telecoms
2 4 (5.26%) Spanish Language
3 3 (3.95%) Finance
3 3 (3.95%) Games
3 3 (3.95%) Multimedia
4 2 (2.63%) Financial Institution
4 2 (2.63%) Marketing
5 1 (1.32%) Banking
5 1 (1.32%) Billing
5 1 (1.32%) Pharmaceutical
5 1 (1.32%) Retail
Job Titles
1 14 (18.42%) DevOps Engineer
2 13 (17.11%) Administrator
2 13 (17.11%) Linux Administrator
2 13 (17.11%) Linux Systems Administrator
3 12 (15.79%) Architect
3 12 (15.79%) Systems Administrator
4 10 (13.16%) Developer
5 9 (11.84%) Systems Engineer
6 6 (7.89%) Infrastructure Architect
7 5 (6.58%) Senior DevOps
7 5 (6.58%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 4 (5.26%) AWS Engineer
8 4 (5.26%) C Developer
8 4 (5.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 4 (5.26%) Operations Engineer
8 4 (5.26%) Software Developer
8 4 (5.26%) VoIP Developer
9 3 (3.95%) Data Centre Engineer
9 3 (3.95%) Data Centre Technician
9 3 (3.95%) Project Manager
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 10 (13.16%) XML
2 9 (11.84%) LDAP
3 7 (9.21%) WebRTC
4 6 (7.89%) .NET
5 5 (6.58%) CSS
5 5 (6.58%) HTML
5 5 (6.58%) Java EE
5 5 (6.58%) Node.js
5 5 (6.58%) RESTful
6 4 (5.26%) Ajax
6 4 (5.26%) FreeSWITCH
6 4 (5.26%) jQuery
6 4 (5.26%) WebSockets
7 3 (3.95%) Kafka
7 3 (3.95%) Web Services
8 2 (2.63%) Elastic Stack
8 2 (2.63%) LAMP
8 2 (2.63%) RabbitMQ
8 2 (2.63%) REST
8 2 (2.63%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 13 (17.11%) Data Centre
2 10 (13.16%) Private Cloud
3 6 (7.89%) Self-Motivation
4 5 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (5.26%) Algorithms
5 4 (5.26%) Data Structures
5 4 (5.26%) Management Information System
5 4 (5.26%) PKI
6 3 (3.95%) Linux Command Line
7 2 (2.63%) PMI
8 1 (1.32%) e-Learning
8 1 (1.32%) EMC VNX
8 1 (1.32%) EMC VNXe
8 1 (1.32%) Hedge funds
8 1 (1.32%) Life Science
8 1 (1.32%) NHS
8 1 (1.32%) Social Media
8 1 (1.32%) Tandem
8 1 (1.32%) Video on Demand
8 1 (1.32%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 58 (76.32%) Linux
2 28 (36.84%) Windows
3 24 (31.58%) Ubuntu
4 19 (25.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 15 (19.74%) Windows Server
6 14 (18.42%) CentOS
7 12 (15.79%) Unix
8 4 (5.26%) Debian
9 2 (2.63%) FreeBSD
9 2 (2.63%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (2.63%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (1.32%) Fedora
10 1 (1.32%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 28 (36.84%) DevOps
2 15 (19.74%) Open Source
3 10 (13.16%) Configuration Management
4 9 (11.84%) Problem-Solving
5 8 (10.53%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 8 (10.53%) Migration
5 8 (10.53%) Server Management
6 7 (9.21%) Data Modelling
6 7 (9.21%) Network Virtualisation
7 6 (7.89%) Continuous Integration
7 6 (7.89%) Mentoring
7 6 (7.89%) Network Monitoring
7 6 (7.89%) Software Engineering
8 5 (6.58%) Agile Software Development
8 5 (6.58%) Capacity Planning
8 5 (6.58%) Change Management
8 5 (6.58%) Computer Science
8 5 (6.58%) Deployment Automation
9 4 (5.26%) Customer-Centricity
9 4 (5.26%) Technical Leadership
Programming Languages
1 38 (50.00%) Python
2 25 (32.89%) Bash Shell
3 24 (31.58%) Perl
4 18 (23.68%) Java
5 11 (14.47%) PowerShell
6 7 (9.21%) C++
7 6 (7.89%) Ruby
8 5 (6.58%) Go
8 5 (6.58%) JavaScript
8 5 (6.58%) SQL
9 4 (5.26%) C
10 3 (3.95%) AWK
11 2 (2.63%) PHP
12 1 (1.32%) Bourne shell
12 1 (1.32%) Java 8
12 1 (1.32%) XPath
Qualifications
1 8 (10.53%) Security Cleared
2 7 (9.21%) Degree
2 7 (9.21%) SC Cleared
3 5 (6.58%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (2.63%) CCNA
4 2 (2.63%) Cisco Certification
4 2 (2.63%) PMI Certification
4 2 (2.63%) PMP
5 1 (1.32%) CCNP
5 1 (1.32%) DV Cleared
5 1 (1.32%) EMCIE
5 1 (1.32%) EMCISA
5 1 (1.32%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (1.32%) GDPR
1 1 (1.32%) OASIS TOSCA
1 1 (1.32%) QA
System Software
1 37 (48.68%) VMware Infrastructure
2 29 (38.16%) Docker
3 10 (13.16%) Hyper-V
3 10 (13.16%) VMware ESXi
3 10 (13.16%) Xen
4 8 (10.53%) Active Directory
5 7 (9.21%) VirtualBox
6 6 (7.89%) NFS
6 6 (7.89%) vSphere
7 5 (6.58%) LXC
8 4 (5.26%) BIND 9
8 4 (5.26%) iptables
8 4 (5.26%) Postfix
9 2 (2.63%) pfSense
9 2 (2.63%) QEMU
9 2 (2.63%) Samba
9 2 (2.63%) VMware NSX
10 1 (1.32%) oVirt
10 1 (1.32%) vCloud
10 1 (1.32%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 29 (38.16%) Ansible
2 28 (36.84%) Puppet
3 21 (27.63%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (19.74%) Kubernetes
5 7 (9.21%) Terraform
6 6 (7.89%) Grafana
6 6 (7.89%) Kibana
7 5 (6.58%) Red Hat Spacewalk
7 5 (6.58%) Salt
8 4 (5.26%) Nagios
8 4 (5.26%) Netcool
8 4 (5.26%) Single Sign-On
9 3 (3.95%) logstash
9 3 (3.95%) Packer
9 3 (3.95%) vCenter Server
9 3 (3.95%) yum
9 3 (3.95%) ZABBIX
10 2 (2.63%) Icinga
10 2 (2.63%) Prometheus
11 1 (1.32%) Uchiwa
Vendors
1 38 (50.00%) VMware
2 28 (36.84%) Red Hat
3 13 (17.11%) Cisco
3 13 (17.11%) Juniper
3 13 (17.11%) Microsoft
4 12 (15.79%) Mirantis
5 7 (9.21%) Oracle
6 5 (6.58%) Dell
6 5 (6.58%) EMC
7 4 (5.26%) Atlassian
7 4 (5.26%) Citrix
7 4 (5.26%) F5
7 4 (5.26%) Ruckus Wireless
8 3 (3.95%) BMC
8 3 (3.95%) Remedy
8 3 (3.95%) Splunk
9 2 (2.63%) Google
9 2 (2.63%) PagerDuty
9 2 (2.63%) SaltStack
9 2 (2.63%) TOWER Software