Period
to 16 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 16 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 798 728 681
Rank change year-on-year -70 -47 +105
Contract jobs citing KVM 74 113 183
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.078% 0.12% 0.19%
As % of the System Software category 0.51% 0.94% 1.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 40 80 141
England median daily rate £450 £410 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.76% -13.68% +11.76%
10th Percentile £250 £307 £280
90th Percentile £608 £538 £620
UK median daily rate £450 £410 £475
% change year-on-year +9.76% -13.68% +11.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 5 1
England median hourly rate - £18.00 £18.00
UK median hourly rate - £18.00 £18.00

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 14,609 12,021 12,194
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.37% 12.70% 12.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,599 7,858 7,709
England median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +9.33%
10th Percentile £185 £163 £177
90th Percentile £625 £613 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +8.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 803 663 818
England median hourly rate £16.00 £16.75 £15.63
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.48% +7.20% -2.34%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £43.75 £47.45 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £16.00 £16.70 £15.75
% change year-on-year -4.19% +6.03% -1.56%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -8 34 £463 +8.82% 12
South East +5 21 £463 +15.63% 3
East of England - 8 £300 - 8
South West -25 6 £450 +6.51% 8
North of England -47 5 £600 +46.34% 3
North West -28 3 £600 +41.18% 2
Yorkshire -14 2 £538 +14.36%
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 58 (78.38%) Linux
2 41 (55.41%) Python
3 35 (47.30%) VMware
4 34 (45.95%) Docker
5 33 (44.59%) Perl
5 33 (44.59%) VMware Infrastructure
6 31 (41.89%) Red Hat
7 29 (39.19%) Ansible
7 29 (39.19%) DevOps
8 28 (37.84%) Puppet
8 28 (37.84%) OpenStack
9 27 (36.49%) Opscode Chef
10 26 (35.14%) Amazon AWS
11 24 (32.43%) Jenkins
12 23 (31.08%) Git (software)
12 23 (31.08%) Java
13 22 (29.73%) TCP/IP
13 22 (29.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 21 (28.38%) Windows
14 21 (28.38%) Firewall
15 19 (25.68%) Ubuntu
16 17 (22.97%) Juniper
17 16 (21.62%) WAN
18 15 (20.27%) Unix
18 15 (20.27%) Bash Shell
18 15 (20.27%) Kubernetes
19 14 (18.92%) Grafana
19 14 (18.92%) Open Source
19 14 (18.92%) LAN
19 14 (18.92%) HTTP

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 28 (37.84%) OpenStack
2 10 (13.51%) Elasticsearch
3 8 (10.81%) Apache
4 6 (8.11%) IIS
5 3 (4.05%) Tomcat
6 2 (2.70%) ColdFusion
6 2 (2.70%) Drupal
6 2 (2.70%) nginx
6 2 (2.70%) WebSphere
7 1 (1.35%) JBoss
7 1 (1.35%) Jetty
7 1 (1.35%) Mongrel
7 1 (1.35%) Skype for Business
7 1 (1.35%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (5.41%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (5.41%) Microsoft Project
1 4 (5.41%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 26 (35.14%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (14.86%) IaaS
2 11 (14.86%) PaaS
3 7 (9.46%) Microsoft Azure
4 5 (6.76%) SaaS
5 4 (5.41%) Google Cloud Platform
6 3 (4.05%) GitHub
6 3 (4.05%) Office 365
7 2 (2.70%) Slack
7 2 (2.70%) Trello
7 2 (2.70%) Yammer
8 1 (1.35%) Amazon EC2
8 1 (1.35%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (1.35%) AWS Lambda
8 1 (1.35%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (1.35%) Google App Engine
8 1 (1.35%) npm
8 1 (1.35%) OpenShift
8 1 (1.35%) Rackspace Cloud
8 1 (1.35%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 22 (29.73%) TCP/IP
2 21 (28.38%) Firewall
3 16 (21.62%) WAN
4 14 (18.92%) HTTP
4 14 (18.92%) LAN
5 13 (17.57%) DNS
5 13 (17.57%) Internet
6 12 (16.22%) Junos
7 11 (14.86%) MPLS
7 11 (14.86%) SAN
7 11 (14.86%) VPN
8 10 (13.51%) BGP
8 10 (13.51%) OSPF
9 7 (9.46%) DHCP
9 7 (9.46%) SNMP
10 5 (6.76%) HTTPS
10 5 (6.76%) L2TP
10 5 (6.76%) NAS
10 5 (6.76%) PBX
10 5 (6.76%) SSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 11 (14.86%) MongoDB
1 11 (14.86%) MySQL
2 8 (10.81%) Apache Cassandra
3 7 (9.46%) PostgreSQL
3 7 (9.46%) Redis
4 3 (4.05%) SQLite
5 2 (2.70%) InfluxDB
5 2 (2.70%) RDBMS
5 2 (2.70%) Relational Database
6 1 (1.35%) Amazon RDS
6 1 (1.35%) CouchDB
6 1 (1.35%) NoSQL
6 1 (1.35%) SQL Server
Development Applications
1 24 (32.43%) Jenkins
2 23 (31.08%) Git (software)
3 7 (9.46%) Subversion
4 6 (8.11%) Maven
4 6 (8.11%) Sonatype Nexus
4 6 (8.11%) Visual Studio
5 4 (5.41%) GDB
5 4 (5.41%) IBM UrbanCode
5 4 (5.41%) Robot Framework
5 4 (5.41%) SonarQube
5 4 (5.41%) Team Foundation Server
5 4 (5.41%) Valgrind
6 3 (4.05%) GitLab
7 2 (2.70%) git-flow
7 2 (2.70%) Spinnaker
7 2 (2.70%) TeamCity
7 2 (2.70%) Vagrant
8 1 (1.35%) Ant
8 1 (1.35%) CruiseControl
8 1 (1.35%) Mercurial
General
1 10 (13.51%) Telecoms
2 4 (5.41%) Finance
2 4 (5.41%) Spanish Language
3 3 (4.05%) Games
3 3 (4.05%) Marketing
3 3 (4.05%) Multimedia
4 2 (2.70%) Financial Institution
5 1 (1.35%) Banking
5 1 (1.35%) Billing
5 1 (1.35%) Pharmaceutical
5 1 (1.35%) Retail
Job Titles
1 22 (29.73%) DevOps Engineer
2 12 (16.22%) Architect
3 10 (13.51%) Developer
4 8 (10.81%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 7 (9.46%) Administrator
5 7 (9.46%) Consultant
5 7 (9.46%) Infrastructure Architect
5 7 (9.46%) Linux Administrator
6 6 (8.11%) Senior Consultant
6 6 (8.11%) Systems Administrator
6 6 (8.11%) Systems Engineer
7 5 (6.76%) Senior DevOps
7 5 (6.76%) Senior DevOps Engineer
8 4 (5.41%) C Developer
8 4 (5.41%) Linux Consultant
8 4 (5.41%) Senior Linux Consultant
8 4 (5.41%) Software Developer
8 4 (5.41%) VoIP Developer
9 3 (4.05%) Java Developer
9 3 (4.05%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (16.22%) XML
2 11 (14.86%) LDAP
3 10 (13.51%) Elastic Stack
4 7 (9.46%) Kafka
4 7 (9.46%) WebRTC
5 6 (8.11%) .NET
5 6 (8.11%) RabbitMQ
5 6 (8.11%) RESTful
6 5 (6.76%) CSS
6 5 (6.76%) HTML
6 5 (6.76%) Java EE
6 5 (6.76%) Sensu
7 4 (5.41%) Ajax
7 4 (5.41%) FreeSWITCH
7 4 (5.41%) jQuery
7 4 (5.41%) Web Services
7 4 (5.41%) WebSockets
8 3 (4.05%) JSON
8 3 (4.05%) REST
8 3 (4.05%) SOAP
Miscellaneous
1 8 (10.81%) Data Centre
2 6 (8.11%) Linux Command Line
2 6 (8.11%) Private Cloud
3 5 (6.76%) Analytical Skills
3 5 (6.76%) Computer Science
3 5 (6.76%) Video on Demand
4 4 (5.41%) Algorithms
4 4 (5.41%) Data Structures
4 4 (5.41%) Enterprise Storage
4 4 (5.41%) LPAR
4 4 (5.41%) PKI
5 2 (2.70%) Management Information System
5 2 (2.70%) PMI
5 2 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (1.35%) EMC VNX
6 1 (1.35%) EMC VNXe
6 1 (1.35%) iSeries
6 1 (1.35%) Life Science
6 1 (1.35%) Mainframe
6 1 (1.35%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 58 (78.38%) Linux
2 22 (29.73%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 21 (28.38%) Windows
4 19 (25.68%) Ubuntu
5 15 (20.27%) Unix
6 11 (14.86%) CentOS
7 9 (12.16%) Windows Server
8 7 (9.46%) Debian
9 4 (5.41%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 3 (4.05%) FreeBSD
11 2 (2.70%) DC/OS
11 2 (2.70%) Windows Server 2003
11 2 (2.70%) Windows Server 2012
12 1 (1.35%) Fedora
12 1 (1.35%) Mac OS
12 1 (1.35%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (39.19%) DevOps
2 14 (18.92%) Open Source
3 12 (16.22%) Configuration Management
4 11 (14.86%) Migration
4 11 (14.86%) Problem-Solving
5 10 (13.51%) Network Monitoring
5 10 (13.51%) Network Virtualisation
6 7 (9.46%) Continuous Integration
6 7 (9.46%) Data Modelling
6 7 (9.46%) Software Engineering
7 6 (8.11%) Agile Software Development
7 6 (8.11%) Capacity Planning
7 6 (8.11%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 6 (8.11%) Network Design
7 6 (8.11%) Network Management
8 5 (6.76%) Artificial Intelligence
8 5 (6.76%) High Availability
8 5 (6.76%) ITIL
8 5 (6.76%) Problem Management
8 5 (6.76%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 41 (55.41%) Python
2 33 (44.59%) Perl
3 23 (31.08%) Java
4 15 (20.27%) Bash Shell
5 9 (12.16%) PHP
6 7 (9.46%) C++
6 7 (9.46%) Ruby
7 6 (8.11%) PowerShell
7 6 (8.11%) SQL
8 5 (6.76%) Go
8 5 (6.76%) JavaScript
9 4 (5.41%) C
9 4 (5.41%) Shell Script
10 3 (4.05%) AWK
10 3 (4.05%) Bourne shell
11 2 (2.70%) XPath
12 1 (1.35%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 7 (9.46%) Degree
2 5 (6.76%) Computer Science Degree
3 4 (5.41%) RHCE
3 4 (5.41%) RHCSA
3 4 (5.41%) RHCVA
4 3 (4.05%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (2.70%) CCNA
5 2 (2.70%) CCNP
5 2 (2.70%) PMI Certification
5 2 (2.70%) PMP
6 1 (1.35%) CCDP
6 1 (1.35%) Chartered Engineer
6 1 (1.35%) CISM
6 1 (1.35%) CISSP
6 1 (1.35%) DV Cleared
6 1 (1.35%) EMCIE
6 1 (1.35%) EMCISA
6 1 (1.35%) PRINCE2 Certification
6 1 (1.35%) Security Cleared
6 1 (1.35%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (4.05%) QA
2 1 (1.35%) OASIS TOSCA
System Software
1 34 (45.95%) Docker
2 33 (44.59%) VMware Infrastructure
3 12 (16.22%) Xen
4 7 (9.46%) Samba
4 7 (9.46%) VirtualBox
5 6 (8.11%) Hyper-V
6 5 (6.76%) LXC
6 5 (6.76%) Virtual Machines
7 4 (5.41%) Active Directory
7 4 (5.41%) Firmware
7 4 (5.41%) NFS
7 4 (5.41%) RHEV
7 4 (5.41%) Sendmail
7 4 (5.41%) Veritas File System
7 4 (5.41%) Virtual Servers
8 3 (4.05%) pfSense
8 3 (4.05%) QEMU
9 2 (2.70%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (2.70%) VMware NSX
9 2 (2.70%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 29 (39.19%) Ansible
2 28 (37.84%) Puppet
3 27 (36.49%) Opscode Chef
4 15 (20.27%) Kubernetes
5 14 (18.92%) Grafana
6 11 (14.86%) Kibana
7 9 (12.16%) logstash
7 9 (12.16%) Prometheus
7 9 (12.16%) Terraform
8 7 (9.46%) Salt
9 6 (8.11%) Nagios
9 6 (8.11%) ZABBIX
10 5 (6.76%) Icinga
11 4 (5.41%) BladeLogic
11 4 (5.41%) Consul
11 4 (5.41%) Packer
11 4 (5.41%) Single Sign-On
11 4 (5.41%) Uchiwa
11 4 (5.41%) vCenter Server
11 4 (5.41%) yum
Vendors
1 35 (47.30%) VMware
2 31 (41.89%) Red Hat
3 17 (22.97%) Juniper
4 13 (17.57%) Cisco
4 13 (17.57%) Microsoft
5 12 (16.22%) Oracle
6 10 (13.51%) Mirantis
7 9 (12.16%) Splunk
8 8 (10.81%) SaltStack
9 5 (6.76%) Dell
9 5 (6.76%) HP
9 5 (6.76%) Veritas
10 4 (5.41%) Atlassian
10 4 (5.41%) BMC
10 4 (5.41%) Citrix
10 4 (5.41%) F5
10 4 (5.41%) IBM
10 4 (5.41%) Opsware
10 4 (5.41%) Ruckus Wireless
11 3 (4.05%) PagerDuty