Period
to 16 November 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 16 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
16 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 750 804 738
Rank change year-on-year +54 -66 -45
Contract jobs citing KVM 34 74 113
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.045% 0.078% 0.12%
As % of the System Software category 0.29% 0.51% 0.94%
Number of daily rates quoted 20 40 80
England median daily rate £413 £450 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.33% +9.76% -13.68%
10th Percentile £196 £250 £307
90th Percentile £511 £608 £538
UK median daily rate £413 £450 £410
% change year-on-year -8.33% +9.76% -13.68%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 5
England median hourly rate - - £18.00
UK median hourly rate - - £18.00

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 11,750 14,609 12,021
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 15.45% 15.37% 12.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 7,813 9,599 7,858
England median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.66%
10th Percentile £168 £185 £163
90th Percentile £638 £625 £613
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 595 803 663
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.00 £16.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.13% -4.48% +7.20%
10th Percentile £11.17 £10.50 £10.40
90th Percentile £47.50 £43.75 £47.45
UK median hourly rate £16.96 £16.00 £16.70
% change year-on-year +6.00% -4.19% +6.03%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 16 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 16 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London +64 17 £413 -10.81% 5
South East +25 7 £425 -8.11% 8
South West -4 5 £413 -8.33%
East of England +25 3 £275 -8.33% 3
North of England +32 1 - - 2
Yorkshire +32 1 - - 1
Midlands - 1 £125 -
West Midlands - 1 £125 -
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 16 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 28 (82.35%) Linux
2 27 (79.41%) VMware
3 25 (73.53%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (47.06%) Windows
4 16 (47.06%) Python
5 15 (44.12%) Puppet
6 14 (41.18%) Ansible
7 12 (35.29%) Firewall
7 12 (35.29%) Ubuntu
8 11 (32.35%) Cisco
8 11 (32.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 11 (32.35%) Hyper-V
9 10 (29.41%) Bash Shell
9 10 (29.41%) Windows Server
10 9 (26.47%) Git (software)
10 9 (26.47%) CentOS
10 9 (26.47%) Data Centre
10 9 (26.47%) Configuration Management
11 8 (23.53%) Microsoft
11 8 (23.53%) Opscode Chef
11 8 (23.53%) PowerShell
11 8 (23.53%) Xen
12 7 (20.59%) OpenStack
12 7 (20.59%) GitHub
12 7 (20.59%) Active Directory
12 7 (20.59%) Red Hat
12 7 (20.59%) DNS
13 6 (17.65%) NFS
13 6 (17.65%) SAN
13 6 (17.65%) Jenkins

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (20.59%) OpenStack
2 4 (11.76%) IIS
3 3 (8.82%) nginx
4 2 (5.88%) Confluence
4 2 (5.88%) Tomcat
5 1 (2.94%) Apache
5 1 (2.94%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (2.94%) Exchange Server 2010
5 1 (2.94%) MS Exchange
5 1 (2.94%) SharePoint
5 1 (2.94%) Skype for Business
5 1 (2.94%) WebSphere
5 1 (2.94%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 2 (5.88%) Microsoft Office
Cloud Services
1 7 (20.59%) GitHub
2 5 (14.71%) PaaS
3 4 (11.76%) AWS
3 4 (11.76%) Azure
3 4 (11.76%) GCP
4 3 (8.82%) Google App Engine
4 3 (8.82%) Heroku
4 3 (8.82%) Sumo Logic
5 2 (5.88%) IaaS
5 2 (5.88%) SaaS
6 1 (2.94%) Azure Active Directory
6 1 (2.94%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (2.94%) Mimecast
6 1 (2.94%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 12 (35.29%) Firewall
2 7 (20.59%) DNS
3 6 (17.65%) SAN
4 5 (14.71%) Cisco ASA
4 5 (14.71%) Cisco Nexus
4 5 (14.71%) NAS
5 4 (11.76%) iSCSI
5 4 (11.76%) NetScaler
5 4 (11.76%) Network Security
6 3 (8.82%) BIG-IP
6 3 (8.82%) MPLS
7 2 (5.88%) BGP
7 2 (5.88%) Cisco Firepower
7 2 (5.88%) LAN
7 2 (5.88%) VLAN
7 2 (5.88%) VPN
7 2 (5.88%) WAN
8 1 (2.94%) MQTT
8 1 (2.94%) Multicast
8 1 (2.94%) Spanning Tree
Database & Business Intelligence
1 5 (14.71%) MongoDB
2 4 (11.76%) Apache Cassandra
3 3 (8.82%) Aerospike
3 3 (8.82%) InfluxDB
3 3 (8.82%) MySQL
3 3 (8.82%) PostgreSQL
3 3 (8.82%) Redis
4 2 (5.88%) MariaDB
4 2 (5.88%) SQL Server
5 1 (2.94%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 9 (26.47%) Git (software)
2 6 (17.65%) Jenkins
3 5 (14.71%) Sonatype Nexus
4 4 (11.76%) JIRA
5 3 (8.82%) Bitbucket
5 3 (8.82%) Cucumber
5 3 (8.82%) Octopus Deploy
5 3 (8.82%) Selenium
5 3 (8.82%) TeamCity
6 2 (5.88%) Subversion
7 1 (2.94%) Bazaar
7 1 (2.94%) Bitbucket Server
7 1 (2.94%) Bugzilla
General
1 5 (14.71%) Finance
2 3 (8.82%) Telecoms
3 2 (5.88%) Banking
4 1 (2.94%) Back Office
4 1 (2.94%) Multimedia
4 1 (2.94%) Public Sector
4 1 (2.94%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 7 (20.59%) Linux Engineer
2 6 (17.65%) Systems Engineer
3 5 (14.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 4 (11.76%) Architect
4 4 (11.76%) Cisco Specialist
4 4 (11.76%) Linux Systems Engineer
4 4 (11.76%) Network Engineer
5 3 (8.82%) Cisco Engineer
5 3 (8.82%) Cisco Network Engineer
6 2 (5.88%) Cisco Architect
7 1 (2.94%) Cisco Support
7 1 (2.94%) Data Centre Engineer
7 1 (2.94%) Desktop Support Engineer
7 1 (2.94%) Linux Consultant
7 1 (2.94%) Network Security Specialist
7 1 (2.94%) Network Specialist
7 1 (2.94%) Security Engineer
7 1 (2.94%) Security Specialist
7 1 (2.94%) Senior Cisco Engineer
7 1 (2.94%) Senior Network Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 5 (14.71%) LDAP
2 4 (11.76%) Node.js
3 3 (8.82%) Elastic Stack
3 3 (8.82%) RabbitMQ
4 1 (2.94%) ActiveMQ
4 1 (2.94%) Kafka
4 1 (2.94%) LAMP
4 1 (2.94%) Middleware
4 1 (2.94%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 9 (26.47%) Data Centre
2 5 (14.71%) Public Cloud
3 4 (11.76%) Clustering
4 3 (8.82%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (5.88%) Replication
6 1 (2.94%) Handset
6 1 (2.94%) IVR
6 1 (2.94%) Private Cloud
6 1 (2.94%) Self-Motivation
6 1 (2.94%) VxBlock/Vblock
Operating Systems
1 28 (82.35%) Linux
2 16 (47.06%) Windows
3 12 (35.29%) Ubuntu
4 11 (32.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 10 (29.41%) Windows Server
6 9 (26.47%) CentOS
7 5 (14.71%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (8.82%) Windows Server 2003
9 2 (5.88%) Windows Server 2012
10 1 (2.94%) Solaris
10 1 (2.94%) VMS
10 1 (2.94%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 9 (26.47%) Configuration Management
2 6 (17.65%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 6 (17.65%) Open Source
3 5 (14.71%) DevOps
4 4 (11.76%) Migration
4 4 (11.76%) Test Automation
5 3 (8.82%) Agile Software Development
5 3 (8.82%) ITIL
5 3 (8.82%) Kalman Filter
5 3 (8.82%) Network Monitoring
5 3 (8.82%) Scaled Agile Framework
5 3 (8.82%) Scrum
5 3 (8.82%) Server Management
5 3 (8.82%) Stakeholder Management
6 2 (5.88%) Cybersecurity
6 2 (5.88%) Load Balancing
6 2 (5.88%) Mentoring
6 2 (5.88%) Performance Tuning
6 2 (5.88%) Service Management
7 1 (2.94%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 16 (47.06%) Python
2 10 (29.41%) Bash Shell
3 8 (23.53%) PowerShell
4 3 (8.82%) Clojure
4 3 (8.82%) Go
4 3 (8.82%) Perl
4 3 (8.82%) Ruby
4 3 (8.82%) SQL
5 2 (5.88%) Java
5 2 (5.88%) JavaScript
5 2 (5.88%) PHP
5 2 (5.88%) Shell Script
6 1 (2.94%) C
6 1 (2.94%) C++
6 1 (2.94%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 4 (11.76%) CCNP
1 4 (11.76%) Cisco Certification
2 3 (8.82%) Security Cleared
3 2 (5.88%) Degree
3 2 (5.88%) SC Cleared
4 1 (2.94%) MCSE
4 1 (2.94%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (2.94%) RHCE
4 1 (2.94%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (2.94%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 25 (73.53%) VMware Infrastructure
2 11 (32.35%) Hyper-V
3 8 (23.53%) Xen
4 7 (20.59%) Active Directory
5 6 (17.65%) NFS
6 5 (14.71%) Docker
6 5 (14.71%) VMware ESXi
7 4 (11.76%) vSphere
8 3 (8.82%) oVirt
8 3 (8.82%) Samba
8 3 (8.82%) VMware NSX
9 2 (5.88%) iptables
10 1 (2.94%) BIND 9
10 1 (2.94%) Firmware
10 1 (2.94%) Postfix
10 1 (2.94%) SRDF
10 1 (2.94%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 15 (44.12%) Puppet
2 14 (41.18%) Ansible
3 8 (23.53%) Opscode Chef
4 6 (17.65%) Terraform
5 4 (11.76%) Kubernetes
5 4 (11.76%) Nagios
5 4 (11.76%) Salt
6 3 (8.82%) Graphite
6 3 (8.82%) NetBackup
6 3 (8.82%) Pingdom
6 3 (8.82%) Prometheus
6 3 (8.82%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 3 (8.82%) WMI
6 3 (8.82%) ZABBIX
7 2 (5.88%) Cacti
7 2 (5.88%) Cisco CUCM
7 2 (5.88%) Grafana
7 2 (5.88%) logstash
8 1 (2.94%) Consul
8 1 (2.94%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 27 (79.41%) VMware
2 11 (32.35%) Cisco
3 8 (23.53%) Microsoft
4 7 (20.59%) Red Hat
5 5 (14.71%) CheckPoint
5 5 (14.71%) Citrix
5 5 (14.71%) HP
5 5 (14.71%) Veeam
6 4 (11.76%) Google
7 3 (8.82%) EMC
7 3 (8.82%) F5
7 3 (8.82%) Hitachi
7 3 (8.82%) IBM
7 3 (8.82%) Palo Alto
7 3 (8.82%) Symantec
7 3 (8.82%) Veritas
8 2 (5.88%) Dell
8 2 (5.88%) Juniper
8 2 (5.88%) NetApp
8 2 (5.88%) Oracle