Period
to 18 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 18 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
18 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 804 722 673
Rank change year-on-year -82 -49 +92
Contract jobs citing KVM 63 111 209
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 0.067% 0.12% 0.21%
As % of the System Software category 0.46% 1.01% 1.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 34 85 149
England median daily rate £463 £420 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.12% -11.58% +26.67%
10th Percentile £270 £313 £280
90th Percentile £624 £550 £620
UK median daily rate £463 £420 £475
% change year-on-year +10.12% -11.58% +26.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 3 0
England median hourly rate - £18.00 -
UK median hourly rate - £18.00 -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 13,843 10,952 11,921
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.71% 12.16% 12.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,015 7,089 7,627
England median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +17.02%
10th Percentile £185 £165 £183
90th Percentile £625 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 816 622 780
England median hourly rate £16.50 £16.81 £16.08
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.81% +4.54% +0.47%
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.40 £10.50
90th Percentile £44.38 £47.48 £38.75
UK median hourly rate £16.10 £16.81 £16.50
% change year-on-year -4.20% +1.85% +3.13%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in England

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 18 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM in England.

Contractor hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 18 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -25 37 £475 +4.11% 7
South East -14 15 £475 -5.00% 8
North of England -42 7 £425 +6.25% 2
Yorkshire -21 4 £425 +13.33%
South West -20 3 £450 +6.51% 8
North West -29 3 £600 +41.18% 2
East of England -4 1 - - 6
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 18 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 52 (82.54%) Linux
2 35 (55.56%) VMware
3 32 (50.79%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (49.21%) Red Hat
5 29 (46.03%) Ansible
6 28 (44.44%) Opscode Chef
6 28 (44.44%) Python
7 27 (42.86%) Puppet
8 26 (41.27%) Docker
9 25 (39.68%) DevOps
10 24 (38.10%) Perl
11 21 (33.33%) Java
11 21 (33.33%) Amazon AWS
12 19 (30.16%) Git (software)
12 19 (30.16%) Windows
12 19 (30.16%) Jenkins
13 18 (28.57%) CentOS
13 18 (28.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 17 (26.98%) Xen
14 17 (26.98%) OpenStack
14 17 (26.98%) Microsoft
15 16 (25.40%) Unix
16 15 (23.81%) Apache
16 15 (23.81%) HTTP
16 15 (23.81%) Ubuntu
17 14 (22.22%) MySQL
17 14 (22.22%) Oracle
17 14 (22.22%) Firewall
18 13 (20.63%) Splunk
18 13 (20.63%) logstash

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 17 (26.98%) OpenStack
2 15 (23.81%) Apache
3 10 (15.87%) IIS
3 10 (15.87%) Tomcat
4 8 (12.70%) nginx
5 7 (11.11%) WebSphere
6 6 (9.52%) Elasticsearch
6 6 (9.52%) Jetty
6 6 (9.52%) Mongrel
7 3 (4.76%) Drupal
8 1 (1.59%) CMS
8 1 (1.59%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 4 (6.35%) Microsoft Office
1 4 (6.35%) Microsoft Project
1 4 (6.35%) MS Visio
Cloud Services
1 21 (33.33%) Amazon AWS
2 12 (19.05%) Microsoft Azure
3 10 (15.87%) IaaS
3 10 (15.87%) PaaS
4 6 (9.52%) AWS CloudFormation
4 6 (9.52%) Cloud Computing
4 6 (9.52%) Google App Engine
4 6 (9.52%) Google Cloud Platform
4 6 (9.52%) Rackspace Cloud
5 5 (7.94%) Sumo Logic
6 3 (4.76%) SaaS
7 2 (3.17%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 15 (23.81%) HTTP
2 14 (22.22%) Firewall
3 12 (19.05%) DNS
3 12 (19.05%) SAN
4 10 (15.87%) TCP/IP
5 8 (12.70%) WAN
6 6 (9.52%) Junos
6 6 (9.52%) NAS
6 6 (9.52%) VPN
7 5 (7.94%) BGP
7 5 (7.94%) HTTPS
7 5 (7.94%) LAN
7 5 (7.94%) MPLS
7 5 (7.94%) OSPF
7 5 (7.94%) SSL
8 4 (6.35%) Internet
8 4 (6.35%) iSCSI
8 4 (6.35%) SNMP
9 3 (4.76%) BIG-IP
9 3 (4.76%) TACACS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (22.22%) MySQL
2 12 (19.05%) MongoDB
3 7 (11.11%) PostgreSQL
4 5 (7.94%) Redis
5 4 (6.35%) Apache Cassandra
6 3 (4.76%) SQL Server
6 3 (4.76%) SQLite
7 2 (3.17%) Big Data
7 2 (3.17%) Hadoop
7 2 (3.17%) HBase
8 1 (1.59%) MariaDB
8 1 (1.59%) Oracle Database
8 1 (1.59%) Oracle Database 11g
8 1 (1.59%) RDBMS
8 1 (1.59%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 19 (30.16%) Git (software)
1 19 (30.16%) Jenkins
2 10 (15.87%) Maven
3 7 (11.11%) Subversion
3 7 (11.11%) Vagrant
4 6 (9.52%) Ant
4 6 (9.52%) CruiseControl
4 6 (9.52%) Gradle
4 6 (9.52%) Mercurial
4 6 (9.52%) MSBuild
4 6 (9.52%) TeamCity
5 4 (6.35%) IBM UrbanCode
5 4 (6.35%) Sonatype Nexus
6 3 (4.76%) Robot Framework
7 2 (3.17%) git-flow
7 2 (3.17%) SonarQube
7 2 (3.17%) Spinnaker
8 1 (1.59%) GitLab
General
1 7 (11.11%) Finance
2 4 (6.35%) Telecoms
3 2 (3.17%) Financial Institution
3 2 (3.17%) Marketing
3 2 (3.17%) Retail
4 1 (1.59%) Banking
4 1 (1.59%) Mandarin Language
4 1 (1.59%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 19 (30.16%) DevOps Engineer
2 9 (14.29%) Consultant
3 8 (12.70%) Linux Systems Administrator
4 7 (11.11%) Administrator
4 7 (11.11%) Architect
4 7 (11.11%) Infrastructure Architect
4 7 (11.11%) Linux Administrator
5 6 (9.52%) Senior DevOps
5 6 (9.52%) Senior DevOps Engineer
6 5 (7.94%) Senior Consultant
6 5 (7.94%) Systems Engineer
7 4 (6.35%) Automation Engineer
7 4 (6.35%) Kubernetes Engineer
7 4 (6.35%) Linux Consultant
7 4 (6.35%) Linux Engineer
7 4 (6.35%) Linux Systems Engineer
7 4 (6.35%) Senior Linux Consultant
7 4 (6.35%) Systems Administrator
8 3 (4.76%) Automation Consultant
8 3 (4.76%) Virtualisation Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 9 (14.29%) Elastic Stack
1 9 (14.29%) LDAP
2 7 (11.11%) XML
3 6 (9.52%) JRuby
3 6 (9.52%) RESTful
3 6 (9.52%) Servlets
4 5 (7.94%) Java EE
4 5 (7.94%) Kafka
4 5 (7.94%) LAMP
4 5 (7.94%) RabbitMQ
5 4 (6.35%) .NET
5 4 (6.35%) Ajax
5 4 (6.35%) jQuery
5 4 (6.35%) Middleware
5 4 (6.35%) Sensu
5 4 (6.35%) WebRTC
5 4 (6.35%) WebSockets
6 3 (4.76%) CSS
6 3 (4.76%) HTML
6 3 (4.76%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 10 (15.87%) Data Centre
2 7 (11.11%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (9.52%) Computer Science
4 5 (7.94%) Private Cloud
4 5 (7.94%) Public Cloud
5 4 (6.35%) Enterprise Storage
5 4 (6.35%) Linux Command Line
5 4 (6.35%) LPAR
5 4 (6.35%) Video on Demand
6 3 (4.76%) Algorithms
6 3 (4.76%) Data Structures
6 3 (4.76%) Management Information System
6 3 (4.76%) PKI
6 3 (4.76%) Self-Motivation
7 2 (3.17%) Enterprise Software
8 1 (1.59%) EMC VNX
8 1 (1.59%) Hedge funds
8 1 (1.59%) iSeries
8 1 (1.59%) Life Science
8 1 (1.59%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 52 (82.54%) Linux
2 19 (30.16%) Windows
3 18 (28.57%) CentOS
3 18 (28.57%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 16 (25.40%) Unix
5 15 (23.81%) Ubuntu
6 10 (15.87%) Debian
7 8 (12.70%) Windows Server
8 6 (9.52%) Fedora
9 4 (6.35%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
10 3 (4.76%) Solaris
11 2 (3.17%) DC/OS
12 1 (1.59%) FreeBSD
12 1 (1.59%) SUSE
12 1 (1.59%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 25 (39.68%) DevOps
2 10 (15.87%) Migration
3 9 (14.29%) Problem-Solving
4 8 (12.70%) Agile Software Development
4 8 (12.70%) Configuration Management
5 7 (11.11%) Continuous Integration
5 7 (11.11%) High Availability
5 7 (11.11%) Open Source
6 6 (9.52%) Capacity Planning
6 6 (9.52%) Continuous Delivery
6 6 (9.52%) Disaster Recovery
6 6 (9.52%) ITIL
6 6 (9.52%) Mentoring
6 6 (9.52%) Network Monitoring
6 6 (9.52%) Performance Tuning
7 5 (7.94%) Network Design
7 5 (7.94%) Problem Management
8 4 (6.35%) Artificial Intelligence
8 4 (6.35%) Data Modelling
8 4 (6.35%) Release Management
Programming Languages
1 28 (44.44%) Python
2 24 (38.10%) Perl
3 21 (33.33%) Java
4 11 (17.46%) Bash Shell
4 11 (17.46%) PHP
5 10 (15.87%) Ruby
6 7 (11.11%) SQL
7 6 (9.52%) Go
7 6 (9.52%) PowerShell
8 4 (6.35%) JavaScript
8 4 (6.35%) Shell Script
9 3 (4.76%) Bourne shell
10 2 (3.17%) C
10 2 (3.17%) XPath
11 1 (1.59%) Java 8
Qualifications
1 7 (11.11%) Degree
2 4 (6.35%) Cisco Certification
2 4 (6.35%) RHCE
2 4 (6.35%) RHCSA
2 4 (6.35%) RHCVA
3 3 (4.76%) CCNP
3 3 (4.76%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (3.17%) CCNA
4 2 (3.17%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
5 1 (1.59%) CCDP
5 1 (1.59%) Chartered Engineer
5 1 (1.59%) CISM
5 1 (1.59%) CISSP
5 1 (1.59%) DV Cleared
5 1 (1.59%) EMCIE
5 1 (1.59%) EMCISA
5 1 (1.59%) ITIL Certification
5 1 (1.59%) PRINCE2 Certification
5 1 (1.59%) Security Cleared
5 1 (1.59%) VCP6
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (9.52%) GCP
2 3 (4.76%) QA
System Software
1 32 (50.79%) VMware Infrastructure
2 26 (41.27%) Docker
3 17 (26.98%) Xen
4 8 (12.70%) Hyper-V
5 7 (11.11%) VirtualBox
6 6 (9.52%) LXC
6 6 (9.52%) Samba
7 5 (7.94%) Virtual Machines
7 5 (7.94%) VMware ESXi
8 4 (6.35%) Firmware
8 4 (6.35%) RHEV
8 4 (6.35%) Sendmail
8 4 (6.35%) Veritas File System
8 4 (6.35%) Virtual Servers
9 3 (4.76%) NFS
9 3 (4.76%) QEMU
9 3 (4.76%) vSphere
10 2 (3.17%) VMware NSX
11 1 (1.59%) Ceph
11 1 (1.59%) pfSense
Systems Management
1 29 (46.03%) Ansible
2 28 (44.44%) Opscode Chef
3 27 (42.86%) Puppet
4 13 (20.63%) logstash
5 12 (19.05%) Kibana
5 12 (19.05%) Nagios
6 10 (15.87%) Kubernetes
6 10 (15.87%) Terraform
7 9 (14.29%) Grafana
7 9 (14.29%) Prometheus
7 9 (14.29%) Salt
8 8 (12.70%) Packer
9 6 (9.52%) Graylog
9 6 (9.52%) yum
10 5 (7.94%) Icinga
11 4 (6.35%) BladeLogic
11 4 (6.35%) BMC PATROL
11 4 (6.35%) OpenView
11 4 (6.35%) Tivoli
11 4 (6.35%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 35 (55.56%) VMware
2 31 (49.21%) Red Hat
3 17 (26.98%) Microsoft
4 14 (22.22%) Oracle
5 13 (20.63%) Splunk
6 12 (19.05%) Cisco
7 10 (15.87%) HP
8 9 (14.29%) Juniper
9 7 (11.11%) Rackspace
10 6 (9.52%) AppDynamics
10 6 (9.52%) Dell
10 6 (9.52%) EMC
10 6 (9.52%) Google
10 6 (9.52%) New Relic
10 6 (9.52%) Perforce
10 6 (9.52%) SaltStack
11 5 (7.94%) Veritas
12 4 (6.35%) BMC
12 4 (6.35%) IBM
12 4 (6.35%) Opsware