Period
to 7 May 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 7 May 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
7 May 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 554 602 769
Rank change year-on-year +48 +167 +37
Contract jobs citing KVM 51 19 74
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.11% 0.041% 0.088%
As % of the System Software category 0.78% 0.26% 0.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 24 13 51
10th Percentile £349 £133 £325
25th Percentile £460 £140 £364
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £388 £482
Median % change year-on-year +38.71% -19.61% +19.31%
75th Percentile £641 £500 £528
90th Percentile £650 £560 £551
UK median daily rate £500 £388 £482
% change year-on-year +29.03% -19.67% +19.40%

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 6,510 7,299 13,078
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.56% 15.57% 15.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,534 4,952 8,919
10th Percentile £223 £175 £190
25th Percentile £375 £325 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £488 £470 £475
Median % change year-on-year +3.72% -1.05% +5.56%
75th Percentile £575 £575 £575
90th Percentile £660 £638 £638
UK median daily rate £488 £450 £475
% change year-on-year +8.33% -5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 232 366 550
10th Percentile £11.27 £11.21 £10.92
25th Percentile £13.25 £13.07 £13.00
Median hourly rate £19.00 £16.96 £16.50
Median % change year-on-year +12.06% +2.76% +4.04%
75th Percentile £43.75 £20.94 £25.73
90th Percentile £60.00 £43.51 £47.85
UK median hourly rate £20.00 £17.35 £16.50
% change year-on-year +15.31% +5.12% +4.04%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM in England.

Daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 7 May 2021.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM in England.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 7 May 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -1 25 £513 +30.16% 3
East of England - 15 £575 - 4
South East +48 4 £438 +212.50% 5
North West - 4 - - 2
North of England - 4 - - 2
South West - 1 £338 - 3
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 7 May 2021, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 32 (62.75%) Kubernetes
2 31 (60.78%) Cisco
3 30 (58.82%) Docker
4 28 (54.90%) Linux
5 27 (52.94%) Red Hat
5 27 (52.94%) Prometheus
6 26 (50.98%) Data Centre
7 24 (47.06%) OpenStack
7 24 (47.06%) Juniper
8 22 (43.14%) VMware ESXi
8 22 (43.14%) Software-Defined Networking
9 21 (41.18%) LXC
9 21 (41.18%) Grafana
9 21 (41.18%) Docker Swarm
9 21 (41.18%) Cloudify
9 21 (41.18%) OASIS TOSCA
9 21 (41.18%) Mirantis
9 21 (41.18%) Open Source
9 21 (41.18%) YAML
9 21 (41.18%) Spine.js
9 21 (41.18%) Juju
9 21 (41.18%) Ericsson
9 21 (41.18%) 3GPP
9 21 (41.18%) XML
9 21 (41.18%) Derivative
9 21 (41.18%) JSON
9 21 (41.18%) SGSN
10 16 (31.37%) Jenkins
11 14 (27.45%) GCP
11 14 (27.45%) VMware Infrastructure

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (47.06%) OpenStack
2 5 (9.80%) Tomcat
2 5 (9.80%) WebSphere
2 5 (9.80%) WebSphere Application Server
3 3 (5.88%) Apache
4 2 (3.92%) Confluence
4 2 (3.92%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 1 (1.96%) Microsoft Excel
1 1 (1.96%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (1.96%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 14 (27.45%) GCP
2 12 (23.53%) AWS
2 12 (23.53%) Azure
3 6 (11.76%) GitHub
3 6 (11.76%) IaaS
4 5 (9.80%) PaaS
5 3 (5.88%) Cloud Computing
6 2 (3.92%) SaaS
7 1 (1.96%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (1.96%) Azure Storage
7 1 (1.96%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 22 (43.14%) Software-Defined Networking
2 21 (41.18%) 3GPP
2 21 (41.18%) SGSN
3 9 (17.65%) LAN
3 9 (17.65%) WAN
4 8 (15.69%) NAS
4 8 (15.69%) SAN
5 7 (13.73%) Cisco Nexus
5 7 (13.73%) Firewall
5 7 (13.73%) Multicast
6 5 (9.80%) FCoE
6 5 (9.80%) Fibre Channel
6 5 (9.80%) iSCSI
6 5 (9.80%) SSL
7 4 (7.84%) VPN
8 3 (5.88%) Cisco ASA
8 3 (5.88%) DNS
8 3 (5.88%) FTP
8 3 (5.88%) SD-WAN
8 3 (5.88%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 8 (15.69%) MongoDB
2 4 (7.84%) Hadoop
2 4 (7.84%) HBase
3 3 (5.88%) SQL Server
4 2 (3.92%) MySQL
4 2 (3.92%) PostgreSQL
4 2 (3.92%) Redis
5 1 (1.96%) MariaDB
5 1 (1.96%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 16 (31.37%) Jenkins
2 7 (13.73%) Sonatype Nexus
3 4 (7.84%) Git (software)
4 2 (3.92%) Artifactory
4 2 (3.92%) Gradle
4 2 (3.92%) JIRA
4 2 (3.92%) JUnit
4 2 (3.92%) Maven
5 1 (1.96%) GitLab
5 1 (1.96%) Hudson
General
1 8 (15.69%) Telecoms
2 6 (11.76%) iGaming
3 5 (9.80%) Social Skills
4 3 (5.88%) Banking
4 3 (5.88%) Influencing Skills
5 2 (3.92%) Analytical Skills
5 2 (3.92%) Finance
6 1 (1.96%) Legal
Job Titles
1 19 (37.25%) Cloud Engineer
2 13 (25.49%) Kubernetes Engineer
3 10 (19.61%) Architect
4 8 (15.69%) DevOps Engineer
5 6 (11.76%) Lead DevOps
5 6 (11.76%) Lead DevOps Engineer
6 5 (9.80%) Cloud Architect
6 5 (9.80%) Infrastructure Architect
7 3 (5.88%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
7 3 (5.88%) Linux Engineer
7 3 (5.88%) Solutions Architect
8 2 (3.92%) Administrator
8 2 (3.92%) AWS Architect
8 2 (3.92%) Azure Architect
8 2 (3.92%) Banking Infrastructure Architect
8 2 (3.92%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 2 (3.92%) Linux Administrator
8 2 (3.92%) Network Engineer
8 2 (3.92%) Service Design Architect
8 2 (3.92%) Telecoms Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 21 (41.18%) JSON
1 21 (41.18%) Spine.js
1 21 (41.18%) XML
1 21 (41.18%) YAML
2 7 (13.73%) Middleware
3 4 (7.84%) LDAP
4 2 (3.92%) Java EE
4 2 (3.92%) JGroups
4 2 (3.92%) Kafka
4 2 (3.92%) REST
4 2 (3.92%) SOAP
4 2 (3.92%) Spring Boot
5 1 (1.96%) LAMP
5 1 (1.96%) SAML
5 1 (1.96%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 26 (50.98%) Data Centre
2 21 (41.18%) Derivative
3 13 (25.49%) Cloud Native
4 3 (5.88%) Clustering
5 2 (3.92%) Device Driver
5 2 (3.92%) Enterprise Cloud
5 2 (3.92%) Linux Command Line
5 2 (3.92%) Private Cloud
5 2 (3.92%) Public Cloud
6 1 (1.96%) LPAR
6 1 (1.96%) PKI
6 1 (1.96%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 28 (54.90%) Linux
2 10 (19.61%) Windows
3 8 (15.69%) CentOS
4 5 (9.80%) Solaris
5 4 (7.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (7.84%) Unix
6 3 (5.88%) Windows Server
7 2 (3.92%) Oracle Linux
7 2 (3.92%) VMS
8 1 (1.96%) Ubuntu
8 1 (1.96%) Windows 2000 Server
8 1 (1.96%) Windows Server 2003
8 1 (1.96%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (1.96%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (1.96%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 21 (41.18%) Open Source
2 11 (21.57%) Configuration Management
3 10 (19.61%) Infrastructure as Code
4 9 (17.65%) DevOps
5 6 (11.76%) B2B
5 6 (11.76%) Benchmarking
5 6 (11.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 6 (11.76%) Performance Tuning
6 5 (9.80%) Collaborative Working
6 5 (9.80%) Continuous Delivery
6 5 (9.80%) Continuous Integration
6 5 (9.80%) Migration
6 5 (9.80%) Technology Roadmap
6 5 (9.80%) Thought Leadership
7 4 (7.84%) Service Management
8 3 (5.88%) Agile Software Development
8 3 (5.88%) ITIL
8 3 (5.88%) Kalman Filter
8 3 (5.88%) Model Validation
8 3 (5.88%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 7 (13.73%) Java
2 6 (11.76%) Python
3 4 (7.84%) Perl
3 4 (7.84%) PowerShell
4 3 (5.88%) Bash Shell
5 2 (3.92%) AWK
5 2 (3.92%) C
5 2 (3.92%) Java 8
5 2 (3.92%) PHP
5 2 (3.92%) Ruby
5 2 (3.92%) sed
6 1 (1.96%) Shell Script
6 1 (1.96%) SQL
6 1 (1.96%) VBA
Qualifications
1 2 (3.92%) CCIE
1 2 (3.92%) Cisco Certification
1 2 (3.92%) Degree
1 2 (3.92%) RHCE
1 2 (3.92%) SC Cleared
1 2 (3.92%) Security Cleared
2 1 (1.96%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 21 (41.18%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (3.92%) NIST
2 2 (3.92%) QA
3 1 (1.96%) SLA
System Software
1 30 (58.82%) Docker
2 22 (43.14%) VMware ESXi
3 21 (41.18%) LXC
4 14 (27.45%) VMware Infrastructure
5 10 (19.61%) Hyper-V
6 9 (17.65%) Xen
7 6 (11.76%) NFS
7 6 (11.76%) Oracle RAC
8 5 (9.80%) SRDF
9 4 (7.84%) Firmware
10 3 (5.88%) Samba
10 3 (5.88%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 3 (5.88%) Virtual Machines
11 2 (3.92%) iptables
11 2 (3.92%) OCFS2
11 2 (3.92%) Postfix
11 2 (3.92%) qmail
11 2 (3.92%) VirtualBox
11 2 (3.92%) VMware NSX
11 2 (3.92%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 32 (62.75%) Kubernetes
2 27 (52.94%) Prometheus
3 21 (41.18%) Cloudify
3 21 (41.18%) Docker Swarm
3 21 (41.18%) Grafana
3 21 (41.18%) Juju
4 13 (25.49%) Ansible
5 11 (21.57%) Puppet
5 11 (21.57%) Terraform
6 7 (13.73%) ZABBIX
7 4 (7.84%) Opscode Chef
7 4 (7.84%) SELinux
8 3 (5.88%) BladeLogic
9 2 (3.92%) Capistrano
9 2 (3.92%) Failover Clustering
9 2 (3.92%) Salt
9 2 (3.92%) Single Sign-On
10 1 (1.96%) FreeIPA
10 1 (1.96%) Nagios
Vendors
1 31 (60.78%) Cisco
2 27 (52.94%) Red Hat
3 24 (47.06%) Juniper
4 21 (41.18%) Ericsson
4 21 (41.18%) Mirantis
5 14 (27.45%) VMware
6 11 (21.57%) Oracle
7 7 (13.73%) Google
7 7 (13.73%) Microsoft
8 6 (11.76%) HP
9 5 (9.80%) EMC
9 5 (9.80%) NetApp
10 4 (7.84%) MuleSoft
10 4 (7.84%) Sybase
11 3 (5.88%) BMC
11 3 (5.88%) CheckPoint
11 3 (5.88%) F5
12 2 (3.92%) Intel
12 2 (3.92%) SaltStack
12 2 (3.92%) ServiceNow