Period
to 24 September 2021

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for KVM skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited KVM over the 6 months to 24 September 2021 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Kernel-Based Virtual Machine (KVM)
UK > England
6 months to
24 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 684 479 761
Rank change year-on-year -205 +282 +57
Contract jobs citing KVM 40 15 46
As % of all contract jobs advertised in England 0.062% 0.058% 0.057%
As % of the System Software category 0.44% 0.40% 0.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 30 2 28
10th Percentile £375 £464 £209
25th Percentile £452 £467 £364
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £538 £481 £431
Median % change year-on-year +11.69% +11.59% -6.76%
75th Percentile £619 £492 £515
90th Percentile £639 £493 £540
UK median daily rate £550 £481 £465
% change year-on-year +14.29% +3.49% +0.54%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 1 0
Median hourly rate - £57.50 -
UK median hourly rate - £57.50 -

KVM is in the System Software category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in England with a requirement for system software skills.

All System Software Skills
England
Contract vacancies with a requirement for system software skills 9,144 3,785 12,633
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in England 14.19% 14.64% 15.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,508 2,559 8,629
10th Percentile £200 £225 £180
25th Percentile £381 £375 £345
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £488 £475
Median % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 314 143 533
10th Percentile £11.55 £11.21 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.25 £12.81 £13.00
Median hourly rate £17.00 £17.75 £16.00
Median % change year-on-year -4.23% +10.94% -
75th Percentile £28.75 £40.38 £23.75
90th Percentile £63.75 £51.03 £47.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.75 £16.74
% change year-on-year -1.41% +6.07% +4.59%

KVM
Job Vacancy Trend in England

Job postings citing KVM as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in England.

Job vacancy trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing KVM in England.

Daily rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Daily Rate Histogram in England

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing KVM in England over the 6 months to 24 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for KVM in England

KVM
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in England

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing KVM in England.

Hourly rate trend for KVM in England

KVM
Contract Job Locations in England

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing KVM within the England region over the 6 months to 24 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
London -192 19 £525 +9.09% 8
East of England -34 11 £575 - 4
South West -40 4 £438 - 5
South East -90 2 - - 3
North West - 1 £400 - 2
North of England - 1 £400 - 4
KVM
UK

For the 6 months to 24 September 2021, IT contractor jobs citing KVM also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the England region with a requirement for KVM.

1 25 (62.50%) Linux
2 21 (52.50%) Cisco
2 21 (52.50%) VMware
3 20 (50.00%) Docker
4 18 (45.00%) OpenStack
5 17 (42.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (42.50%) Kubernetes
5 17 (42.50%) Data Centre
6 15 (37.50%) Hyper-V
6 15 (37.50%) Red Hat
7 14 (35.00%) Juniper
7 14 (35.00%) YAML
7 14 (35.00%) Ansible
8 13 (32.50%) Puppet
8 13 (32.50%) VMware ESXi
8 13 (32.50%) Windows
8 13 (32.50%) XML
9 12 (30.00%) Xen
9 12 (30.00%) JIRA
9 12 (30.00%) AWS
9 12 (30.00%) Open Source
9 12 (30.00%) Confluence
9 12 (30.00%) Software-Defined Networking
9 12 (30.00%) LXC
9 12 (30.00%) Prometheus
9 12 (30.00%) Mirantis
10 11 (27.50%) Cloudify
10 11 (27.50%) OASIS TOSCA
10 11 (27.50%) Docker Swarm
10 11 (27.50%) Grafana

KVM
Co-occurring IT Skills in England by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (45.00%) OpenStack
2 12 (30.00%) Confluence
3 7 (17.50%) Tomcat
3 7 (17.50%) WebSphere
3 7 (17.50%) WebSphere Application Server
Cloud Services
1 12 (30.00%) AWS
2 11 (27.50%) GCP
3 9 (22.50%) GitHub
4 7 (17.50%) Azure
5 2 (5.00%) Cloud Computing
5 2 (5.00%) IaaS
5 2 (5.00%) PaaS
6 1 (2.50%) Amazon ECS
6 1 (2.50%) Apigee
6 1 (2.50%) Azure Storage
6 1 (2.50%) GitHub Actions
6 1 (2.50%) OpenShift
6 1 (2.50%) SaaS
6 1 (2.50%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 12 (30.00%) Software-Defined Networking
2 11 (27.50%) 3GPP
2 11 (27.50%) SAN
2 11 (27.50%) SGSN
3 10 (25.00%) DNS
4 9 (22.50%) LAN
4 9 (22.50%) NAS
4 9 (22.50%) WAN
5 7 (17.50%) Cisco Nexus
5 7 (17.50%) FCoE
5 7 (17.50%) Fibre Channel
5 7 (17.50%) iSCSI
5 7 (17.50%) Multicast
5 7 (17.50%) VPN
6 5 (12.50%) VLAN
6 5 (12.50%) VXLAN
7 4 (10.00%) Firewall
7 4 (10.00%) MQTT
7 4 (10.00%) Wi-Fi
7 4 (10.00%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (17.50%) SQL Server
2 5 (12.50%) MongoDB
3 2 (5.00%) Hadoop
3 2 (5.00%) HBase
4 1 (2.50%) MySQL
4 1 (2.50%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 12 (30.00%) JIRA
2 11 (27.50%) Jenkins
3 7 (17.50%) Sonatype Nexus
4 4 (10.00%) Arsenale Dataplane
4 4 (10.00%) TestRail
5 3 (7.50%) Git (software)
5 3 (7.50%) GitLab
6 1 (2.50%) Ant
6 1 (2.50%) Artifactory
6 1 (2.50%) Gradle
6 1 (2.50%) Hudson
6 1 (2.50%) Maven
General
1 8 (20.00%) Telecoms
2 7 (17.50%) Finance
3 5 (12.50%) Banking
4 2 (5.00%) Influencing Skills
4 2 (5.00%) Retail Banking
4 2 (5.00%) Social Skills
5 1 (2.50%) Financial Institution
5 1 (2.50%) iGaming
5 1 (2.50%) Legal
5 1 (2.50%) Presentation Skills
Job Titles
1 12 (30.00%) Architect
2 9 (22.50%) Cloud Engineer
3 6 (15.00%) Infrastructure Architect
3 6 (15.00%) Solutions Architect
4 5 (12.50%) Kubernetes Engineer
5 4 (10.00%) Telecoms Engineer
5 4 (10.00%) VMware Architect
6 3 (7.50%) Developer
6 3 (7.50%) DevOps Engineer
6 3 (7.50%) Embedded Developer
6 3 (7.50%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 3 (7.50%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
6 3 (7.50%) Linux Developer
6 3 (7.50%) Platform Engineer
6 3 (7.50%) Python Developer
7 2 (5.00%) Automation Architect
7 2 (5.00%) Linux Engineer
7 2 (5.00%) Virtualisation Engineer
8 1 (2.50%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
8 1 (2.50%) Infrastructure Security Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 14 (35.00%) YAML
2 13 (32.50%) XML
3 11 (27.50%) JSON
3 11 (27.50%) Spine.js
4 8 (20.00%) Middleware
5 4 (10.00%) RESTful
6 3 (7.50%) Web Services
7 2 (5.00%) HTML
7 2 (5.00%) LDAP
7 2 (5.00%) XSLT
8 1 (2.50%) SAML
Miscellaneous
1 17 (42.50%) Data Centre
2 11 (27.50%) Derivative
3 6 (15.00%) Cloud Native
4 4 (10.00%) Algorithms
4 4 (10.00%) Device Driver
5 1 (2.50%) Clustering
5 1 (2.50%) Hedge funds
5 1 (2.50%) LPAR
5 1 (2.50%) Public Cloud
5 1 (2.50%) Replication
5 1 (2.50%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (62.50%) Linux
2 13 (32.50%) Windows
3 8 (20.00%) Solaris
4 6 (15.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 4 (10.00%) Embedded Linux
5 4 (10.00%) Ubuntu
5 4 (10.00%) Unix
5 4 (10.00%) Windows Server
6 3 (7.50%) CentOS
6 3 (7.50%) Windows Server 2016
7 1 (2.50%) Debian
7 1 (2.50%) Oracle Linux
7 1 (2.50%) SUSE
7 1 (2.50%) Windows 2000 Server
7 1 (2.50%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (2.50%) Windows Server 2012
7 1 (2.50%) Windows Server 2019
Processes & Methodologies
1 12 (30.00%) Open Source
2 7 (17.50%) Agile Software Development
2 7 (17.50%) Continuous Delivery
2 7 (17.50%) Continuous Integration
3 6 (15.00%) Benchmarking
3 6 (15.00%) Configuration Management
3 6 (15.00%) Performance Tuning
3 6 (15.00%) Validation
4 5 (12.50%) Infrastructure as Code
5 4 (10.00%) Cryptography
5 4 (10.00%) Cybersecurity
5 4 (10.00%) Device Driver Development
5 4 (10.00%) DevOps
5 4 (10.00%) Edge Computing
5 4 (10.00%) Embedded Software Development
5 4 (10.00%) ITSM
5 4 (10.00%) Linux Kernel Development
5 4 (10.00%) Software Engineering
5 4 (10.00%) Test Automation
6 3 (7.50%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 11 (27.50%) Python
2 10 (25.00%) Java
3 7 (17.50%) SQL
4 5 (12.50%) C
5 4 (10.00%) C++
5 4 (10.00%) Go
5 4 (10.00%) Rust
6 3 (7.50%) PowerShell
7 2 (5.00%) JavaScript
7 2 (5.00%) Perl
8 1 (2.50%) Bash Shell
8 1 (2.50%) PHP
8 1 (2.50%) Ruby
8 1 (2.50%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 4 (10.00%) CCNA
1 4 (10.00%) Cisco Certification
2 2 (5.00%) Degree
3 1 (2.50%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (27.50%) OASIS TOSCA
2 2 (5.00%) GDPR
System Software
1 20 (50.00%) Docker
2 17 (42.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 15 (37.50%) Hyper-V
4 13 (32.50%) VMware ESXi
5 12 (30.00%) LXC
5 12 (30.00%) Xen
6 8 (20.00%) Active Directory
6 8 (20.00%) NFS
7 7 (17.50%) SRDF
8 4 (10.00%) iptables
9 3 (7.50%) Citrix Hypervisor
9 3 (7.50%) vCloud
9 3 (7.50%) vSphere
10 2 (5.00%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (2.50%) Ceph
11 1 (2.50%) QEMU
11 1 (2.50%) Samba
11 1 (2.50%) Veritas Cluster Server
Systems Management
1 17 (42.50%) Kubernetes
2 14 (35.00%) Ansible
3 13 (32.50%) Puppet
4 12 (30.00%) Prometheus
5 11 (27.50%) Cloudify
5 11 (27.50%) Docker Swarm
5 11 (27.50%) Grafana
5 11 (27.50%) Juju
6 10 (25.00%) Terraform
7 5 (12.50%) Opscode Chef
8 3 (7.50%) vRealize
8 3 (7.50%) vRealize Orchestrator
9 2 (5.00%) BladeLogic
10 1 (2.50%) Capistrano
10 1 (2.50%) Istio
10 1 (2.50%) Nagios
10 1 (2.50%) NetBackup
10 1 (2.50%) Salt
10 1 (2.50%) vCenter Server
10 1 (2.50%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 21 (52.50%) Cisco
1 21 (52.50%) VMware
2 15 (37.50%) Red Hat
3 14 (35.00%) Juniper
4 12 (30.00%) Mirantis
5 11 (27.50%) Ericsson
5 11 (27.50%) Oracle
6 10 (25.00%) Google
7 7 (17.50%) EMC
7 7 (17.50%) NetApp
8 5 (12.50%) Microsoft
9 4 (10.00%) Atlassian
9 4 (10.00%) ServiceNow
10 3 (7.50%) Citrix
10 3 (7.50%) SaltStack
11 2 (5.00%) BMC
11 2 (5.00%) CheckPoint
11 2 (5.00%) Dell
11 2 (5.00%) Sybase
11 2 (5.00%) Veeam