Period
to 21 January 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 318 376 399
Rank change year-on-year +58 +23 +22
Contract jobs citing PKI 269 312 247
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.66% 0.59% 0.48%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 2.25% 2.01% 1.63%
Number of daily rates quoted 156 195 127
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +9.09% +3.13%
10th Percentile £303 £313 £263
90th Percentile £644 £600 £605
UK median daily rate £485 £500 £488
% change year-on-year -3.00% +2.56% +10.17%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 9
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 £35.00 £30.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.29% +16.67% -13.04%
10th Percentile £12.00 £14.70 £13.04
90th Percentile £52.00 £47.00 £35.75
UK median hourly rate £49.19 £35.00 £32.00
% change year-on-year +40.54% +9.38% -7.25%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 11,945 15,527 15,147
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 29.40% 29.55% 29.70%
Number of daily rates quoted 6,977 9,332 9,232
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
10th Percentile £193 £250 £208
90th Percentile £588 £575 £560
UK median daily rate £458 £475 £450
% change year-on-year -3.68% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 806 703 698
UK excluding London median hourly rate £23.43 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.13% - +2.28%
10th Percentile £12.13 £11.79 £10.75
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £47.88
UK median hourly rate £24.12 £20.25 £21.00
% change year-on-year +19.13% -3.58% +5.00%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South West +24 61 £475 - 12
South East -24 57 £425 -15.00% 15
East of England +35 51 £525 +23.53% 4
Midlands +54 36 £525 -12.50% 8
West Midlands +54 35 £550 -8.33% 7
Scotland +48 34 £550 +4.76% 5
North of England +45 32 £400 -2.44% 4
North West +24 24 £388 -4.32% 4
Yorkshire +31 6 £420 +5.00%
North East +22 2 - -
Wales +21 2 £530 +17.78% 1
East Midlands +21 1 £114 -80.92% 1
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 168 (62.45%) Active Directory
2 160 (59.48%) Windows
3 119 (44.24%) Microsoft
4 106 (39.41%) Security Cleared
5 102 (37.92%) DNS
6 89 (33.09%) PowerShell
7 86 (31.97%) Windows Server
8 83 (30.86%) DHCP
9 81 (30.11%) Azure
10 71 (26.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
11 63 (23.42%) VMware
12 58 (21.56%) SCCM
12 58 (21.56%) Windows Server 2012
13 51 (18.96%) SC Cleared
13 51 (18.96%) Firewall
14 50 (18.59%) Citrix
15 46 (17.10%) Office 365
16 44 (16.36%) VMware Infrastructure
17 42 (15.61%) SharePoint
17 42 (15.61%) SQL Server
18 41 (15.24%) ITIL
19 40 (14.87%) DV Cleared
20 39 (14.50%) LDAP
21 37 (13.75%) AWS
21 37 (13.75%) Hyper-V
22 36 (13.38%) Cisco
22 36 (13.38%) Identity Access Management
23 35 (13.01%) Skype
24 34 (12.64%) Linux
24 34 (12.64%) Java

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (15.61%) SharePoint
2 27 (10.04%) Skype for Business
3 18 (6.69%) MS Exchange
4 16 (5.95%) Apache
5 14 (5.20%) Confluence
5 14 (5.20%) IIS
6 7 (2.60%) Exchange Server 2003
7 6 (2.23%) Exchange Server 2013
7 6 (2.23%) nginx
8 5 (1.86%) Tomcat
9 4 (1.49%) Elasticsearch
9 4 (1.49%) JBoss
10 3 (1.12%) Cloud Foundry
10 3 (1.12%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 3 (1.12%) Oracle Workflow
11 2 (0.74%) Exchange Server 2010
11 2 (0.74%) IBM Domino
11 2 (0.74%) Jetty
12 1 (0.37%) ArcGIS
12 1 (0.37%) Umbraco
Applications
1 12 (4.46%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.37%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.74%) Oracle Cash Management
1 2 (0.74%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 81 (30.11%) Azure
2 46 (17.10%) Office 365
3 37 (13.75%) AWS
4 29 (10.78%) Azure Active Directory
5 13 (4.83%) OneDrive
6 12 (4.46%) IaaS
7 10 (3.72%) GitHub
7 10 (3.72%) SaaS
8 9 (3.35%) PaaS
9 8 (2.97%) Serverless
10 6 (2.23%) GCP
11 5 (1.86%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (1.86%) Amazon ECS
11 5 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
11 5 (1.86%) OpenShift
12 4 (1.49%) Amazon S3
12 4 (1.49%) CloudFront
12 4 (1.49%) Power Platform
12 4 (1.49%) Route 53
12 4 (1.49%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 102 (37.92%) DNS
2 83 (30.86%) DHCP
3 51 (18.96%) Firewall
4 35 (13.01%) Skype
5 24 (8.92%) VPN
6 23 (8.55%) SSL
7 22 (8.18%) IPsec
7 22 (8.18%) WAN
8 21 (7.81%) TCP/IP
9 18 (6.69%) NetScaler
10 15 (5.58%) Kerberos
11 14 (5.20%) LAN
11 14 (5.20%) VLAN
12 12 (4.46%) MPLS
13 10 (3.72%) SAN
14 8 (2.97%) BGP
14 8 (2.97%) Network Security
15 7 (2.60%) Junos
15 7 (2.60%) Wireless
16 5 (1.86%) DKIM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (15.61%) SQL Server
2 8 (2.97%) SQL Server 2016
3 5 (1.86%) Amazon RDS
3 5 (1.86%) Big Data
4 4 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
4 4 (1.49%) PostgreSQL
4 4 (1.49%) Power BI
5 3 (1.12%) Blockchain
5 3 (1.12%) Geospatial Data
5 3 (1.12%) Hadoop
6 2 (0.74%) Aerospike
6 2 (0.74%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 2 (0.74%) Apache Accumulo
6 2 (0.74%) Couchbase
6 2 (0.74%) Hazelcast
6 2 (0.74%) MySQL
6 2 (0.74%) NoSQL
6 2 (0.74%) Redis
6 2 (0.74%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (0.37%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 20 (7.43%) JIRA
2 12 (4.46%) Jenkins
3 10 (3.72%) Bitbucket
3 10 (3.72%) Git (software)
4 7 (2.60%) Team Foundation Server
5 5 (1.86%) StarTeam
6 4 (1.49%) GitLab
6 4 (1.49%) IBM UrbanCode
7 3 (1.12%) Selenium
7 3 (1.12%) Travis CI
8 2 (0.74%) Ant
8 2 (0.74%) Artifactory
8 2 (0.74%) Cucumber
8 2 (0.74%) Gradle
8 2 (0.74%) Maven
8 2 (0.74%) Octopus Deploy
8 2 (0.74%) Sonatype Nexus
8 2 (0.74%) TeamCity
8 2 (0.74%) Zephyr
9 1 (0.37%) Charles Proxy
General
1 25 (9.29%) Public Sector
2 14 (5.20%) Finance
3 8 (2.97%) Local Government
4 7 (2.60%) Telecoms
5 6 (2.23%) Retail
6 3 (1.12%) Banking
6 3 (1.12%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.74%) Back Office
7 2 (0.74%) Electronics
7 2 (0.74%) Marketing
8 1 (0.37%) Automotive
8 1 (0.37%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.37%) Legal
Job Titles
1 61 (22.68%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 33 (12.27%) Architect
3 22 (8.18%) Network Engineer
3 22 (8.18%) Support Engineer
4 17 (6.32%) Active Directory Engineer
4 17 (6.32%) Developer
4 17 (6.32%) Security Engineer
5 16 (5.95%) Consultant
6 14 (5.20%) Security Architect
7 12 (4.46%) Azure Developer
8 11 (4.09%) 3rd Line Engineer
8 11 (4.09%) Administrator
9 10 (3.72%) Network Support
9 10 (3.72%) Network Support Engineer
9 10 (3.72%) Server Support
9 10 (3.72%) Windows Engineer
10 9 (3.35%) Server Engineer
10 9 (3.35%) Windows Server Support
11 8 (2.97%) Network Architect
11 8 (2.97%) Windows Server Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (14.50%) LDAP
2 32 (11.90%) REST
3 29 (10.78%) XML
4 28 (10.41%) JSON
4 28 (10.41%) SAML
5 27 (10.04%) SOAP
6 21 (7.81%) OpenID
7 20 (7.43%) Node.js
8 12 (4.46%) Web Services
9 11 (4.09%) 802.1X
10 9 (3.35%) .NET
10 9 (3.35%) OAuth
11 8 (2.97%) Middleware
12 5 (1.86%) Java EE
13 4 (1.49%) HTML
13 4 (1.49%) SailPoint
13 4 (1.49%) Swagger
14 3 (1.12%) CSS
14 3 (1.12%) Kafka
14 3 (1.12%) PostGIS
Miscellaneous
1 24 (8.92%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (5.95%) Data Centre
3 14 (5.20%) Clustering
4 12 (4.46%) Fat Client
4 12 (4.46%) Management Information System
4 12 (4.46%) Thin Client
5 11 (4.09%) Public Cloud
6 8 (2.97%) Enterprise Software
6 8 (2.97%) Replication
7 7 (2.60%) Self-Motivation
8 6 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
8 6 (2.23%) Security Operations Centre
9 5 (1.86%) Algorithms
10 4 (1.49%) Analytical Mindset
10 4 (1.49%) Driving Licence
11 3 (1.12%) N-Tier
12 2 (0.74%) Blackberry
12 2 (0.74%) Grid Computing
12 2 (0.74%) Mainframe
12 2 (0.74%) Smartcard
Operating Systems
1 160 (59.48%) Windows
2 86 (31.97%) Windows Server
3 58 (21.56%) Windows Server 2012
4 34 (12.64%) Linux
5 32 (11.90%) Unix
6 30 (11.15%) Windows Server 2008
7 26 (9.67%) Windows 10
8 18 (6.69%) Windows 7
9 15 (5.58%) Windows Server 2003
10 12 (4.46%) Windows 8
11 9 (3.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 9 (3.35%) VMS
12 7 (2.60%) Windows XP
13 6 (2.23%) AIX
14 3 (1.12%) Apple iOS
15 2 (0.74%) Android
15 2 (0.74%) CentOS
15 2 (0.74%) Embedded Linux
15 2 (0.74%) Solaris
15 2 (0.74%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 71 (26.39%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 41 (15.24%) ITIL
3 36 (13.38%) Identity Access Management
4 34 (12.64%) Agile Software Development
5 33 (12.27%) Migration
6 30 (11.15%) Problem-Solving
7 28 (10.41%) Change Control
8 26 (9.67%) DevOps
9 24 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
10 21 (7.81%) Stakeholder Management
11 18 (6.69%) Test Automation
12 17 (6.32%) Service Management
13 16 (5.95%) Change Management
13 16 (5.95%) Disaster Recovery
14 15 (5.58%) Kanban
14 15 (5.58%) SIEM
15 14 (5.20%) Information Security
15 14 (5.20%) Kalman Filter
16 13 (4.83%) Cybersecurity
16 13 (4.83%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 89 (33.09%) PowerShell
2 34 (12.64%) Java
3 31 (11.52%) SQL
4 26 (9.67%) Bash Shell
5 19 (7.06%) Python
6 11 (4.09%) VB
7 10 (3.72%) VBScript
8 6 (2.23%) C#
9 5 (1.86%) C
9 5 (1.86%) Shell Script
10 4 (1.49%) JavaScript
10 4 (1.49%) Perl
11 3 (1.12%) Groovy
12 2 (0.74%) C-shell
12 2 (0.74%) Go
12 2 (0.74%) Korn
12 2 (0.74%) Ruby
13 1 (0.37%) ActionScript
13 1 (0.37%) T-SQL
13 1 (0.37%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 106 (39.41%) Security Cleared
2 51 (18.96%) SC Cleared
3 40 (14.87%) DV Cleared
4 15 (5.58%) Microsoft Certification
5 12 (4.46%) Degree
5 12 (4.46%) MCSE
6 7 (2.60%) CCNP
6 7 (2.60%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (2.23%) CISSP
7 6 (2.23%) JNCIA
7 6 (2.23%) MCSA
8 5 (1.86%) CCENT
8 5 (1.86%) CCNA
8 5 (1.86%) ISTQB
8 5 (1.86%) MCITP
8 5 (1.86%) MCTS
9 4 (1.49%) AWS Certification
10 3 (1.12%) CompTIA Security+
10 3 (1.12%) Linux+ Certification
10 3 (1.12%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (5.95%) PCI DSS
2 11 (4.09%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 3 (1.12%) COBIT
3 3 (1.12%) NCSC
3 3 (1.12%) NIST
3 3 (1.12%) RMADS
4 2 (0.74%) GDPR
4 2 (0.74%) HL7
4 2 (0.74%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
4 2 (0.74%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 1 (0.37%) Cyber Essentials
5 1 (0.37%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.37%) ISO/IEC 19770
5 1 (0.37%) QA
System Software
1 168 (62.45%) Active Directory
2 44 (16.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 37 (13.75%) Hyper-V
4 31 (11.52%) XenApp
5 29 (10.78%) Docker
6 22 (8.18%) XenDesktop
7 13 (4.83%) DFS Replication
8 10 (3.72%) Virtual Machines
9 9 (3.35%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 9 (3.35%) Virtual Servers
10 7 (2.60%) Citrix Hypervisor
10 7 (2.60%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 7 (2.60%) vSphere
11 6 (2.23%) VMware ESXi
12 5 (1.86%) VMware NSX
13 4 (1.49%) BitLocker
13 4 (1.49%) NDS
13 4 (1.49%) NetIQ eDirectory
14 3 (1.12%) Firmware
14 3 (1.12%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 58 (21.56%) SCCM
2 21 (7.81%) SCOM
3 12 (4.46%) Single Sign-On
4 11 (4.09%) Ansible
5 10 (3.72%) Microsoft Intune
5 10 (3.72%) WSUS
6 8 (2.97%) McAfee ePO
7 6 (2.23%) Terraform
8 5 (1.86%) Netcool
8 5 (1.86%) OpenView Configuration Management
8 5 (1.86%) Oracle Identity Management
8 5 (1.86%) PingFederate
9 4 (1.49%) Cisco Prime
9 4 (1.49%) EMC NetWorker
9 4 (1.49%) Microsoft Clustering
9 4 (1.49%) NetIQ Identity Manager
9 4 (1.49%) Packer
9 4 (1.49%) Puppet
10 3 (1.12%) Kubernetes
11 2 (0.74%) Consul
Vendors
1 119 (44.24%) Microsoft
2 63 (23.42%) VMware
3 50 (18.59%) Citrix
4 36 (13.38%) Cisco
5 26 (9.67%) Juniper
6 17 (6.32%) Dell
6 17 (6.32%) McAfee
7 16 (5.95%) Oracle
8 10 (3.72%) CA
8 10 (3.72%) Splunk
9 8 (2.97%) ForgeRock
10 7 (2.60%) Forcepoint
10 7 (2.60%) Ivanti
11 6 (2.23%) CommVault
11 6 (2.23%) Meraki
12 5 (1.86%) Atlassian
12 5 (1.86%) BMC
12 5 (1.86%) EMC
12 5 (1.86%) Google
12 5 (1.86%) Palo Alto