Period
to 8 August 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 8 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
8 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 229 380 353
Rank change year-on-year +151 -27 +83
Contract jobs citing PKI 159 254 344
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.89% 0.52% 0.63%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 3.01% 1.76% 2.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 88 159 198
Median daily rate £500 £475 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +8.57% +8.02%
10th Percentile £373 £300 £259
90th Percentile £650 £690 £600
UK median daily rate £500 £525 £475
% change year-on-year -4.76% +10.53% +2.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 15 6
Median hourly rate £35.00 £13.00 £30.25
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +169.23% -57.02% -39.50%
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £13.00 £36.75
% change year-on-year +169.23% -64.63% -26.50%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 5,274 14,439 16,236
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 29.51% 29.52% 29.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,956 8,507 9,477
Median daily rate £425 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £200 £231 £247
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK median daily rate £481 £475 £463
% change year-on-year +1.21% +2.70% +2.78%
Number of hourly rates quoted 369 805 755
Median hourly rate £24.10 £19.03 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.64% -4.85% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.36 £11.16 £11.17
90th Percentile £52.50 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £31.61 £20.86 £21.50
% change year-on-year +51.57% -3.00% +7.50%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London.

Daily rate trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London.

Hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PKI in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 8 August 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK excluding London

PKI
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 8 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East +134 48 £475 - 5
South West +83 39 £650 +30.00% 13
Midlands +106 35 £575 +86.99% 4
West Midlands +73 24 £575 +91.67% 3
North of England +112 21 £475 -2.06% 11
Scotland +64 14 £475 +5.56% 2
North West +75 13 £440 -9.74% 6
East Midlands +60 11 £500 +40.85% 1
Yorkshire +70 8 £475 +13.43% 5
East of England +61 1 £550 -10.20% 3
Wales +22 1 £500 -5.66%
PKI
UK

For the 6 months to 8 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for PKI.

1 79 (49.69%) Security Cleared
2 70 (44.03%) Active Directory
3 65 (40.88%) Windows
4 55 (34.59%) Microsoft
5 48 (30.19%) DNS
5 48 (30.19%) VMware
6 45 (28.30%) DevOps
7 44 (27.67%) Java
8 42 (26.42%) Firewall
9 40 (25.16%) Windows Server
10 39 (24.53%) DV Cleared
11 38 (23.90%) Linux
12 37 (23.27%) Azure
13 36 (22.64%) Agile Software Development
14 34 (21.38%) Docker
15 33 (20.75%) DHCP
16 32 (20.13%) PowerShell
17 28 (17.61%) Windows Server 2012
17 28 (17.61%) AWS
18 27 (16.98%) Bash Shell
18 27 (16.98%) Data Centre
18 27 (16.98%) SC Cleared
18 27 (16.98%) Migration
19 26 (16.35%) SQL Server
20 25 (15.72%) LDAP
21 24 (15.09%) Microsoft Certification
21 24 (15.09%) Red Hat
22 23 (14.47%) Python
22 23 (14.47%) JIRA
22 23 (14.47%) Confluence

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 23 (14.47%) Confluence
2 15 (9.43%) Skype for Business
3 9 (5.66%) JBoss
4 8 (5.03%) MS Exchange
4 8 (5.03%) SharePoint
5 4 (2.52%) Apache ServiceMix
5 4 (2.52%) Red Hat Fuse
6 3 (1.89%) Elasticsearch
6 3 (1.89%) NetWeaver
6 3 (1.89%) WebSphere
7 2 (1.26%) Cloud Foundry
7 2 (1.26%) Exchange Server 2010
7 2 (1.26%) IIS
7 2 (1.26%) nginx
8 1 (0.63%) Exchange Server 2003
8 1 (0.63%) Exchange Server 2013
Cloud Services
1 37 (23.27%) Azure
2 28 (17.61%) AWS
3 21 (13.21%) Office 365
4 17 (10.69%) IaaS
5 9 (5.66%) Azure Active Directory
5 9 (5.66%) Cloud Computing
5 9 (5.66%) PaaS
6 8 (5.03%) Amazon EC2
6 8 (5.03%) SaaS
7 6 (3.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 6 (3.77%) Amazon EKS
7 6 (3.77%) Amazon S3
7 6 (3.77%) Azure ExpressRoute
7 6 (3.77%) OpenShift
7 6 (3.77%) Route 53
8 5 (3.14%) Amazon ECS
8 5 (3.14%) AWS CloudFormation
8 5 (3.14%) Power Platform
9 4 (2.52%) GCP
9 4 (2.52%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 48 (30.19%) DNS
2 42 (26.42%) Firewall
3 33 (20.75%) DHCP
4 21 (13.21%) Skype
5 20 (12.58%) WAN
6 18 (11.32%) IPsec
7 17 (10.69%) VPN
8 16 (10.06%) MPLS
9 15 (9.43%) Network Security
10 14 (8.81%) PBX
11 13 (8.18%) Kerberos
12 11 (6.92%) BGP
13 9 (5.66%) Internet
14 8 (5.03%) Junos
14 8 (5.03%) X.500
15 7 (4.40%) HTTP
16 6 (3.77%) FTP
17 5 (3.14%) TCP/IP
17 5 (3.14%) VoIP
17 5 (3.14%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (16.35%) SQL Server
2 14 (8.81%) Apache Accumulo
2 14 (8.81%) Hadoop
3 11 (6.92%) PostgreSQL
4 10 (6.29%) MySQL
5 6 (3.77%) Amazon RDS
5 6 (3.77%) Oracle Database
5 6 (3.77%) Oracle Database 11g
5 6 (3.77%) Oracle Database 12c
6 5 (3.14%) Azure SQL Database
6 5 (3.14%) Cosmos DB
6 5 (3.14%) DB2
6 5 (3.14%) SQL Server 2019
7 4 (2.52%) Data Warehouse
7 4 (2.52%) Power BI
8 3 (1.89%) Big Data
8 3 (1.89%) MongoDB
8 3 (1.89%) SAP HANA
9 2 (1.26%) Blockchain
9 2 (1.26%) Relational Database
Development Applications
1 23 (14.47%) JIRA
2 16 (10.06%) Bitbucket
2 16 (10.06%) Jenkins
3 4 (2.52%) Eclipse
3 4 (2.52%) Team Foundation Server
3 4 (2.52%) Visual Studio
4 3 (1.89%) Robot Framework
4 3 (1.89%) TestRail
5 2 (1.26%) Maven
General
1 13 (8.18%) Aerospace
2 10 (6.29%) Finance
3 6 (3.77%) Banking
4 3 (1.89%) Legal
4 3 (1.89%) Military
4 3 (1.89%) Pharmaceutical
4 3 (1.89%) Public Sector
5 1 (0.63%) Local Government
5 1 (0.63%) Police
Job Titles
1 24 (15.09%) Architect
2 19 (11.95%) Network Engineer
3 16 (10.06%) Administrator
4 15 (9.43%) Systems Administrator
5 13 (8.18%) Linux Administrator
5 13 (8.18%) Linux Systems Administrator
5 13 (8.18%) Systems Administration Leader
6 12 (7.55%) Consultant
7 10 (6.29%) 3rd Line Engineer
7 10 (6.29%) 3rd Line Network Engineer
7 10 (6.29%) Network Support
7 10 (6.29%) Network Support Engineer
7 10 (6.29%) Support Engineer
8 7 (4.40%) Active Directory Engineer
8 7 (4.40%) Developer
8 7 (4.40%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 7 (4.40%) Security Specialist
9 6 (3.77%) 3rd Line Support
9 6 (3.77%) Support Technician
9 6 (3.77%) Test Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 25 (15.72%) LDAP
2 22 (13.84%) REST
3 17 (10.69%) SAML
4 15 (9.43%) .NET
5 14 (8.81%) Apache NiFi
5 14 (8.81%) Kafka
6 13 (8.18%) JSON
7 12 (7.55%) SOAP
8 11 (6.92%) Middleware
9 10 (6.29%) Node.js
9 10 (6.29%) XML
10 9 (5.66%) OAuth
11 8 (5.03%) OpenID
12 6 (3.77%) Elastic Stack
12 6 (3.77%) OAuth2
12 6 (3.77%) Spring
13 5 (3.14%) YAML
14 4 (2.52%) EDI
14 4 (2.52%) Spring Boot
15 3 (1.89%) ADSI
Miscellaneous
1 27 (16.98%) Data Centre
2 17 (10.69%) Analytical Skills
3 14 (8.81%) Self-Motivation
4 13 (8.18%) Management Information System
5 11 (6.92%) Replication
6 10 (6.29%) Public Cloud
7 7 (4.40%) Linux Command Line
8 6 (3.77%) Client/Server
9 5 (3.14%) Fat Client
9 5 (3.14%) Thin Client
10 4 (2.52%) Algorithms
10 4 (2.52%) Cloud Native
10 4 (2.52%) CMDB
10 4 (2.52%) Enterprise Software
10 4 (2.52%) Smart Energy
10 4 (2.52%) Smart Meter
11 3 (1.89%) e-Learning
12 2 (1.26%) CESG
12 2 (1.26%) Clustering
12 2 (1.26%) Video Conferencing
Operating Systems
1 65 (40.88%) Windows
2 40 (25.16%) Windows Server
3 38 (23.90%) Linux
4 28 (17.61%) Windows Server 2012
5 20 (12.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
5 20 (12.58%) Windows Server 2016
6 18 (11.32%) CentOS
7 9 (5.66%) Unix
8 6 (3.77%) Windows Server 2019
9 5 (3.14%) Windows Server 2003
10 4 (2.52%) Windows 10
11 3 (1.89%) Windows Server 2008
12 2 (1.26%) Solaris
13 1 (0.63%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 45 (28.30%) DevOps
2 36 (22.64%) Agile Software Development
3 27 (16.98%) Migration
4 22 (13.84%) Incident Management
5 21 (13.21%) Microservices
6 19 (11.95%) High Availability
6 19 (11.95%) Information Security
7 17 (10.69%) Open Source
7 17 (10.69%) Technical Leadership
8 14 (8.81%) Scrum
9 13 (8.18%) Change Management
9 13 (8.18%) Cryptography
9 13 (8.18%) Identity Management
9 13 (8.18%) Validation
10 12 (7.55%) Disaster Recovery
11 11 (6.92%) Load Balancing
12 10 (6.29%) Asset Management
13 9 (5.66%) Change Control
13 9 (5.66%) Identity Access Management
13 9 (5.66%) ITIL
Programming Languages
1 44 (27.67%) Java
2 32 (20.13%) PowerShell
3 27 (16.98%) Bash Shell
4 23 (14.47%) Python
5 21 (13.21%) SQL
6 13 (8.18%) Perl
7 9 (5.66%) JavaScript
8 4 (2.52%) ActionScript
8 4 (2.52%) ActionScript 2.0
8 4 (2.52%) C++
9 3 (1.89%) C
9 3 (1.89%) PHP
10 2 (1.26%) Solidity
10 2 (1.26%) TypeScript
11 1 (0.63%) Ruby
11 1 (0.63%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 79 (49.69%) Security Cleared
2 39 (24.53%) DV Cleared
3 27 (16.98%) SC Cleared
4 24 (15.09%) Microsoft Certification
5 12 (7.55%) Cisco Certification
5 12 (7.55%) CISSP
6 9 (5.66%) MCSE
7 7 (4.40%) (ISC)2 CCSP
7 7 (4.40%) CCSP
8 5 (3.14%) CCNA
8 5 (3.14%) CISM
8 5 (3.14%) JNCIA
8 5 (3.14%) MCSA
9 4 (2.52%) CISMP
9 4 (2.52%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
10 3 (1.89%) ISTQB
11 2 (1.26%) CCNP
11 2 (1.26%) CEH
11 2 (1.26%) GIAC
11 2 (1.26%) ITIL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (3.14%) GDPR
2 4 (2.52%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 4 (2.52%) ISO/IEC 27005
3 3 (1.89%) COBIT
3 3 (1.89%) PCI DSS
4 2 (1.26%) NCSC
4 2 (1.26%) SLA
System Software
1 70 (44.03%) Active Directory
2 34 (21.38%) Docker
3 19 (11.95%) VMware Infrastructure
4 13 (8.18%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 9 (5.66%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
5 9 (5.66%) VMware ESXi
5 9 (5.66%) vSphere
6 2 (1.26%) NDS
6 2 (1.26%) Snort
6 2 (1.26%) VMware NSX
7 1 (0.63%) Citrix Presentation Server
7 1 (0.63%) iptables
7 1 (0.63%) NFS
7 1 (0.63%) Virtual Desktop
7 1 (0.63%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.63%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 13 (8.18%) Ansible
2 11 (6.92%) Single Sign-On
3 10 (6.29%) SCCM
3 10 (6.29%) Terraform
4 9 (5.66%) Kubernetes
5 8 (5.03%) SCOM
6 7 (4.40%) PingFederate
7 4 (2.52%) McAfee ePO
8 3 (1.89%) AirWatch
8 3 (1.89%) HP ALM
8 3 (1.89%) vRealize
9 2 (1.26%) CA Single Sign-On
9 2 (1.26%) HAProxy
9 2 (1.26%) Network Intrusion Detection System
10 1 (0.63%) Microsoft Intune
10 1 (0.63%) Oracle Identity Management
10 1 (0.63%) Red Hat Satellite
10 1 (0.63%) vRealize Orchestrator
10 1 (0.63%) WSUS
Vendors
1 55 (34.59%) Microsoft
2 48 (30.19%) VMware
3 24 (15.09%) Red Hat
4 19 (11.95%) Cisco
4 19 (11.95%) Juniper
5 12 (7.55%) Oracle
6 10 (6.29%) Citrix
7 9 (5.66%) CA
7 9 (5.66%) McAfee
7 9 (5.66%) SolarWinds
7 9 (5.66%) Sonus
8 8 (5.03%) Fortinet
8 8 (5.03%) Gemalto
9 7 (4.40%) Palo Alto
10 6 (3.77%) HP
10 6 (3.77%) Splunk
11 5 (3.14%) Google
11 5 (3.14%) NetApp
12 4 (2.52%) Qualys
12 4 (2.52%) SAP