Period
to 19 December 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 436 470 522
Rank change year-on-year +34 +52 -41
Contract jobs citing PKI 554 495 393
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.53% 0.48% 0.38%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.60% 1.43% 1.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 375 280 272
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
10th Percentile £325 £280 £313
90th Percentile £650 £675 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +7.14% +5.00% -9.60%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 4
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £32.00 £34.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.81% -7.25% +5.41%
10th Percentile £35.00 £13.11 £31.50
90th Percentile £47.00 £46.89 £40.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £30.00 £34.50
% change year-on-year +41.67% -13.04% +5.41%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,685 34,700 33,816
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.13% 33.62% 33.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,878 23,089 22,048
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £278 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £650 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,041 1,004 1,190
UK median hourly rate £20.25 £21.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.60% +5.00% +5.10%
10th Percentile £12.02 £11.27 £11.33
90th Percentile £49.23 £48.12 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £19.75 £20.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year -1.25% - +7.99%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +57 515 £500 +2.56% 82
UK excluding London +46 340 £450 +7.14% 62
London -29 203 £575 +9.52% 21
South East +76 158 £500 - 21
South West +7 47 £425 -35.85% 6
East of England +25 45 £425 -19.05% 8
North of England -25 39 £400 +1.59% 12
Midlands -56 24 £600 +108.70% 14
Yorkshire -7 21 £400 -17.95% 6
West Midlands -21 21 £600 +51.90% 4
Wales -3 18 £450 -
North West -16 16 £295 +5.36% 6
Scotland -58 14 £525 +31.25%
East Midlands -10 7 £600 +114.29% 10
North East -4 2 £274 -
Isle of Man - 2 £350 - 1

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 226 (40.79%) Windows
2 196 (35.38%) Microsoft
3 189 (34.12%) Active Directory
4 159 (28.70%) Security Cleared
5 137 (24.73%) DNS
6 132 (23.83%) Firewall
7 122 (22.02%) Windows Server
8 112 (20.22%) SC Cleared
9 104 (18.77%) VMware
10 96 (17.33%) Microsoft Azure
11 90 (16.25%) Migration
11 90 (16.25%) Linux
12 87 (15.70%) VMware Infrastructure
13 81 (14.62%) LDAP
14 77 (13.90%) Finance
14 77 (13.90%) PowerShell
14 77 (13.90%) DevOps
15 74 (13.36%) Amazon AWS
15 74 (13.36%) Office 365
15 74 (13.36%) Java
16 71 (12.82%) Cisco
16 71 (12.82%) Windows Server 2012
17 70 (12.64%) SQL
18 69 (12.45%) DHCP
18 69 (12.45%) Single Sign-On
19 68 (12.27%) Identity Management
20 63 (11.37%) SSL
20 63 (11.37%) Docker
21 62 (11.19%) SCCM
22 61 (11.01%) Ansible

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 60 (10.83%) Apache
2 53 (9.57%) SharePoint
3 48 (8.66%) IIS
4 41 (7.40%) MS Exchange
5 35 (6.32%) Skype for Business
6 31 (5.60%) Confluence
7 30 (5.42%) nginx
8 23 (4.15%) Tomcat
9 14 (2.53%) OpenStack
10 12 (2.17%) Exchange Server 2013
11 9 (1.62%) Cloud Foundry
12 7 (1.26%) Exchange Server 2010
12 7 (1.26%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 6 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
13 6 (1.08%) JBoss
13 6 (1.08%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 6 (1.08%) WebLogic
14 5 (0.90%) Exchange Server 2003
14 5 (0.90%) SharePoint Server
15 3 (0.54%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 17 (3.07%) Microsoft Office
2 15 (2.71%) Microsoft Project
3 13 (2.35%) Microsoft Excel
3 13 (2.35%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.36%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 6 (1.08%) Oracle BPM
2 3 (0.54%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 96 (17.33%) Microsoft Azure
2 74 (13.36%) Amazon AWS
2 74 (13.36%) Office 365
3 43 (7.76%) IaaS
4 42 (7.58%) Azure Active Directory
5 37 (6.68%) PaaS
6 22 (3.97%) SaaS
7 11 (1.99%) Serverless
7 11 (1.99%) Yammer
8 10 (1.81%) GitHub
9 9 (1.62%) Google Cloud Platform
9 9 (1.62%) OpenShift
10 8 (1.44%) Amazon EC2
10 8 (1.44%) Cloud Computing
11 7 (1.26%) AWS Lambda
11 7 (1.26%) IBM Cloud
12 4 (0.72%) AWS CloudFormation
12 4 (0.72%) Azure Functions
13 3 (0.54%) Apigee
13 3 (0.54%) Datadog
Communications & Networking
1 137 (24.73%) DNS
2 132 (23.83%) Firewall
3 69 (12.45%) DHCP
4 63 (11.37%) SSL
5 57 (10.29%) VPN
6 50 (9.03%) Kerberos
7 47 (8.48%) Network Security
8 45 (8.12%) TCP/IP
9 35 (6.32%) Skype
10 29 (5.23%) HTTP
11 28 (5.05%) Internet
12 27 (4.87%) IPsec
12 27 (4.87%) SAN
13 26 (4.69%) VLAN
14 22 (3.97%) Cisco ASA
14 22 (3.97%) NetScaler
15 19 (3.43%) LAN
16 17 (3.07%) WAN
17 16 (2.89%) FTP
18 15 (2.71%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (7.58%) SQL Server
2 26 (4.69%) PostgreSQL
3 16 (2.89%) MongoDB
4 15 (2.71%) Big Data
5 13 (2.35%) Hadoop
5 13 (2.35%) MySQL
6 10 (1.81%) SQL Server 2008
7 9 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
8 8 (1.44%) Oracle Database
9 7 (1.26%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 7 (1.26%) Relational Database
10 6 (1.08%) NoSQL
10 6 (1.08%) Oracle Database 10g
11 5 (0.90%) RDBMS
11 5 (0.90%) SQL Server 2005
11 5 (0.90%) SQL Server 2016
12 4 (0.72%) Cosmos DB
13 3 (0.54%) Couchbase
13 3 (0.54%) HBase
13 3 (0.54%) Redis
Development Applications
1 46 (8.30%) JIRA
2 44 (7.94%) Jenkins
3 27 (4.87%) Git (software)
4 24 (4.33%) Bitbucket
5 17 (3.07%) Artifactory
5 17 (3.07%) Maven
6 12 (2.17%) Vagrant
7 8 (1.44%) GitLab
7 8 (1.44%) Team Foundation Server
8 7 (1.26%) IBM UrbanCode
9 6 (1.08%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 6 (1.08%) CircleCI
9 6 (1.08%) Selenium
10 5 (0.90%) Cucumber
10 5 (0.90%) Travis CI
11 4 (0.72%) git-flow
11 4 (0.72%) Octopus Deploy
11 4 (0.72%) Sonatype Nexus
11 4 (0.72%) Visual Studio Team System
12 3 (0.54%) TeamCity
General
1 77 (13.90%) Finance
2 44 (7.94%) Banking
3 18 (3.25%) Military
3 18 (3.25%) Telecoms
4 9 (1.62%) Legal
5 6 (1.08%) Local Government
5 6 (1.08%) Multimedia
6 4 (0.72%) Aerospace
6 4 (0.72%) Electronics
6 4 (0.72%) Financial Institution
6 4 (0.72%) Manufacturing
6 4 (0.72%) Publishing
6 4 (0.72%) Retail
7 3 (0.54%) Back Office
7 3 (0.54%) Investment Banking
8 2 (0.36%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.18%) Advertising
9 1 (0.18%) Automotive
9 1 (0.18%) Avionics
Job Titles
1 107 (19.31%) Architect
2 69 (12.45%) Security Architect
3 61 (11.01%) Consultant
4 46 (8.30%) Security Engineer
5 45 (8.12%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 38 (6.86%) Analyst
7 36 (6.50%) DevOps Engineer
8 33 (5.96%) Developer
9 23 (4.15%) Solutions Architect
10 22 (3.97%) Java Developer
10 22 (3.97%) Security Consultant
10 22 (3.97%) Support Engineer
11 21 (3.79%) Network Engineer
12 19 (3.43%) Active Directory Engineer
13 18 (3.25%) Security Analyst
14 14 (2.53%) Active Directory Consultant
15 13 (2.35%) Applications Architect
15 13 (2.35%) Security Solutions Architect
15 13 (2.35%) Server Engineer
16 12 (2.17%) Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 81 (14.62%) LDAP
2 58 (10.47%) SAML
3 38 (6.86%) OAuth
4 31 (5.60%) JSON
5 29 (5.23%) .NET
6 26 (4.69%) OpenID
7 25 (4.51%) REST
7 25 (4.51%) XML
8 24 (4.33%) WCF
9 18 (3.25%) SPNEGO
10 17 (3.07%) 802.1X
11 16 (2.89%) SailPoint
11 16 (2.89%) Spring
12 14 (2.53%) DCOM
13 13 (2.35%) COM+
13 13 (2.35%) Java EE
13 13 (2.35%) Rendezvous
13 13 (2.35%) RESTful
14 12 (2.17%) LEMP Stack
14 12 (2.17%) OAuth2
Miscellaneous
1 38 (6.86%) Data Centre
2 30 (5.42%) Analytical Skills
2 30 (5.42%) Management Information System
3 17 (3.07%) Clustering
3 17 (3.07%) Self-Motivation
4 13 (2.35%) Fat Client
4 13 (2.35%) Thin Client
5 11 (1.99%) Fintech
5 11 (1.99%) Replication
5 11 (1.99%) Smartcard
6 10 (1.81%) Greenfield Project
6 10 (1.81%) Public Cloud
7 9 (1.62%) Mobile App
7 9 (1.62%) Private Cloud
8 8 (1.44%) CESG
9 7 (1.26%) User Experience
10 6 (1.08%) Algorithms
10 6 (1.08%) Data Structures
10 6 (1.08%) Hybrid Cloud
11 5 (0.90%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 226 (40.79%) Windows
2 122 (22.02%) Windows Server
3 90 (16.25%) Linux
4 71 (12.82%) Windows Server 2012
5 40 (7.22%) Unix
6 39 (7.04%) Windows Server 2008
7 38 (6.86%) Windows 10
8 31 (5.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 26 (4.69%) Windows 7
10 18 (3.25%) CentOS
11 11 (1.99%) Windows Server 2003
12 10 (1.81%) Ubuntu
13 7 (1.26%) Solaris
14 6 (1.08%) Apple iOS
14 6 (1.08%) SUSE
15 5 (0.90%) Android
16 4 (0.72%) Check Point GAiA
16 4 (0.72%) Windows 8
17 3 (0.54%) VMS
18 2 (0.36%) Windows Phone 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (16.25%) Migration
2 77 (13.90%) DevOps
3 68 (12.27%) Identity Management
4 59 (10.65%) Identity Access Management
5 58 (10.47%) SIEM
6 57 (10.29%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 51 (9.21%) Problem-Solving
8 48 (8.66%) ITIL
8 48 (8.66%) Project Management
9 46 (8.30%) Agile Software Development
10 42 (7.58%) Cybersecurity
10 42 (7.58%) Information Security
11 37 (6.68%) High Availability
12 36 (6.50%) Security Architecture
13 34 (6.14%) SOA
14 33 (5.96%) Cryptography
15 28 (5.05%) Disaster Recovery
16 27 (4.87%) Risk Management
17 25 (4.51%) Load Balancing
17 25 (4.51%) TOGAF
Programming Languages
1 77 (13.90%) PowerShell
2 74 (13.36%) Java
3 70 (12.64%) SQL
4 57 (10.29%) Python
5 29 (5.23%) Bash Shell
6 24 (4.33%) JavaScript
7 23 (4.15%) Perl
8 21 (3.79%) C#
8 21 (3.79%) C++
9 18 (3.25%) Ruby
10 12 (2.17%) Shell Script
11 10 (1.81%) C
11 10 (1.81%) VBScript
12 5 (0.90%) Go
12 5 (0.90%) Groovy
13 3 (0.54%) VB
14 2 (0.36%) Java 8
14 2 (0.36%) Lisp
14 2 (0.36%) T-SQL
15 1 (0.18%) WebLogic Scripting Tool
Qualifications
1 159 (28.70%) Security Cleared
2 112 (20.22%) SC Cleared
3 54 (9.75%) CISSP
4 45 (8.12%) DV Cleared
5 38 (6.86%) Microsoft Certification
6 36 (6.50%) Degree
7 33 (5.96%) CISM
8 26 (4.69%) MCSE
9 22 (3.97%) Cisco Certification
10 14 (2.53%) CESG Certified Professional
10 14 (2.53%) Citrix Certification
10 14 (2.53%) MCSA
11 11 (1.99%) Computer Science Degree
12 10 (1.81%) CCNP
13 9 (1.62%) CCA
13 9 (1.62%) ISSAP
14 8 (1.44%) (ISC)2 CCSP
14 8 (1.44%) CEH
14 8 (1.44%) CISA
15 7 (1.26%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (5.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (3.79%) PCI DSS
3 11 (1.99%) GDPR
4 9 (1.62%) QA
4 9 (1.62%) RMADS
5 3 (0.54%) COBIT
5 3 (0.54%) Data Quality
5 3 (0.54%) JSP 440
5 3 (0.54%) SLA
6 2 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
7 1 (0.18%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.18%) GAMP
7 1 (0.18%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 1 (0.18%) PMO
System Software
1 189 (34.12%) Active Directory
2 87 (15.70%) VMware Infrastructure
3 63 (11.37%) Docker
4 35 (6.32%) Hyper-V
5 32 (5.78%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (4.87%) XenApp
7 23 (4.15%) vSphere
8 21 (3.79%) Virtual Machines
9 20 (3.61%) XenDesktop
10 16 (2.89%) DFS Replication
11 14 (2.53%) Microsoft App-V
12 13 (2.35%) XenServer
13 9 (1.62%) BitLocker
13 9 (1.62%) Firmware
14 7 (1.26%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 7 (1.26%) iptables
14 7 (1.26%) VMware NSX
15 6 (1.08%) Citrix Presentation Server
15 6 (1.08%) VMware Workstation
16 5 (0.90%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 69 (12.45%) Single Sign-On
2 62 (11.19%) SCCM
3 61 (11.01%) Ansible
4 44 (7.94%) Puppet
4 44 (7.94%) SCOM
5 38 (6.86%) Opscode Chef
6 37 (6.68%) CA Single Sign-On
6 37 (6.68%) Kubernetes
7 28 (5.05%) Microsoft Intune
8 25 (4.51%) Terraform
9 23 (4.15%) Forefront Identity Manager
10 18 (3.25%) HP Fortify
11 17 (3.07%) WSUS
12 15 (2.71%) Nagios
12 15 (2.71%) Salt
13 13 (2.35%) McAfee ePO
14 12 (2.17%) AirWatch
14 12 (2.17%) ZABBIX
15 9 (1.62%) vCenter Server
16 7 (1.26%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 196 (35.38%) Microsoft
2 104 (18.77%) VMware
3 71 (12.82%) Cisco
4 60 (10.83%) Citrix
5 56 (10.11%) CA
6 30 (5.42%) McAfee
6 30 (5.42%) Red Hat
7 26 (4.69%) BMC
7 26 (4.69%) CheckPoint
7 26 (4.69%) Oracle
7 26 (4.69%) Splunk
8 21 (3.79%) Symantec
9 20 (3.61%) SolarWinds
10 18 (3.25%) Axway
10 18 (3.25%) Dell
11 17 (3.07%) HP
12 16 (2.89%) IBM
13 14 (2.53%) NetApp
13 14 (2.53%) Palo Alto
14 13 (2.35%) ServiceNow