Period
to 21 February 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 465 497 503
Rank change year-on-year +32 +6 +7
Contract jobs citing PKI 459 388 406
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.45% 0.40% 0.38%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.35% 1.23% 1.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 276 261 240
UK median daily rate £475 £438 £461
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +8.57% -5.05% +7.15%
10th Percentile £268 £315 £300
90th Percentile £675 £588 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £450
% change year-on-year - -11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 6 3
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £42.50 £43.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -24.71% -1.16% +65.38%
10th Percentile £13.11 £32.50 £34.48
90th Percentile £46.89 £51.25 £44.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.00 £42.50 £43.00
% change year-on-year -29.41% -1.16% +65.38%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33,913 31,424 34,832
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.39% 32.73% 32.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,693 20,518 22,449
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £263 £256 £245
90th Percentile £650 £625 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,010 1,115 1,303
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% -2.44% +17.14%
10th Percentile £11.80 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.67 £47.50 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.00 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +15.79% -5.00% +18.69%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +44 423 £488 +11.11% 53
UK excluding London 0 250 £400 - 39
London +35 198 £510 +7.37% 16
South East -29 81 £481 +20.31% 13
Midlands +42 61 £288 -15.44% 6
North of England +19 39 £285 -16.18% 9
West Midlands +19 34 £406 +19.49% 3
East Midlands +33 27 £280 -15.15% 3
Scotland -27 25 £375 +10.29% 2
East of England +5 23 £475 +18.75% 5
North West +6 20 £280 -39.13% 8
South West -3 20 £513 -2.38% 4
Yorkshire +6 11 £495 +54.69%
North East +32 8 £273 -19.85% 1
Wales -10 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 218 (47.49%) Windows
2 190 (41.39%) Active Directory
3 180 (39.22%) Microsoft
4 108 (23.53%) Security Cleared
5 105 (22.88%) Firewall
6 104 (22.66%) Linux
7 102 (22.22%) VMware
8 100 (21.79%) PowerShell
9 98 (21.35%) Windows Server
10 83 (18.08%) DNS
11 77 (16.78%) Data Centre
12 74 (16.12%) ITIL
13 70 (15.25%) Finance
13 70 (15.25%) Information Security
14 67 (14.60%) Windows Server 2008
14 67 (14.60%) SIEM
15 65 (14.16%) SC Cleared
16 64 (13.94%) Unix
16 64 (13.94%) Cisco
17 63 (13.73%) Microsoft Azure
17 63 (13.73%) Windows Server 2012
18 62 (13.51%) VMware Infrastructure
19 61 (13.29%) SQL
19 61 (13.29%) Cybersecurity
20 60 (13.07%) IPsec
21 58 (12.64%) SQL Server
21 58 (12.64%) Citrix
21 58 (12.64%) CISSP
22 57 (12.42%) SCCM
23 56 (12.20%) TCP/IP

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 45 (9.80%) MS Exchange
2 37 (8.06%) SharePoint
3 33 (7.19%) IIS
4 21 (4.58%) Apache
5 18 (3.92%) Skype for Business
6 16 (3.49%) JBoss
7 13 (2.83%) Tomcat
8 11 (2.40%) Exchange Server 2013
9 10 (2.18%) CMS
9 10 (2.18%) Mule
9 10 (2.18%) Mule ESB
9 10 (2.18%) Sitecore CMS
9 10 (2.18%) WebLogic Portal
10 9 (1.96%) Apache Solr
10 9 (1.96%) Exchange Server 2010
11 8 (1.74%) Confluence
12 5 (1.09%) WebSphere
13 4 (0.87%) EPiServer
13 4 (0.87%) OpenStack
14 3 (0.65%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 13 (2.83%) Microsoft Office
2 10 (2.18%) Microsoft Excel
3 5 (1.09%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 5 (1.09%) MS Visio
4 2 (0.44%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.22%) Oracle EBS R12
2 1 (0.22%) R3 Corda
2 1 (0.22%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 63 (13.73%) Microsoft Azure
2 48 (10.46%) Office 365
3 47 (10.24%) Amazon AWS
4 18 (3.92%) AWS CloudFormation
4 18 (3.92%) PaaS
5 14 (3.05%) IaaS
6 12 (2.61%) SaaS
7 10 (2.18%) Azure Active Directory
8 9 (1.96%) Cloud Computing
9 4 (0.87%) Amazon EC2
10 3 (0.65%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 3 (0.65%) Amazon S3
10 3 (0.65%) AWS Lambda
10 3 (0.65%) Google Cloud Platform
10 3 (0.65%) Route 53
10 3 (0.65%) Serverless
10 3 (0.65%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 2 (0.44%) Akamai
11 2 (0.44%) Mimecast
11 2 (0.44%) Yammer
Communications & Networking
1 105 (22.88%) Firewall
2 83 (18.08%) DNS
3 60 (13.07%) IPsec
4 56 (12.20%) TCP/IP
5 45 (9.80%) Network Security
6 43 (9.37%) VPN
7 40 (8.71%) SSL
8 35 (7.63%) DHCP
9 33 (7.19%) Kerberos
10 30 (6.54%) LAN
11 24 (5.23%) Internet
11 24 (5.23%) SAN
11 24 (5.23%) WAN
12 21 (4.58%) Reverse Proxy
13 20 (4.36%) Cisco ASA
14 18 (3.92%) VoIP
15 15 (3.27%) Skype
16 14 (3.05%) DMZ
17 13 (2.83%) S/MIME
18 12 (2.61%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 58 (12.64%) SQL Server
2 16 (3.49%) MongoDB
3 13 (2.83%) SQL Server 2008
4 10 (2.18%) NoSQL
5 9 (1.96%) Endeca
5 9 (1.96%) Relational Database
6 8 (1.74%) MySQL
7 7 (1.53%) Big Data
7 7 (1.53%) Hadoop
8 6 (1.31%) RDBMS
8 6 (1.31%) SQL Server 2012
9 5 (1.09%) Oracle Database
10 4 (0.87%) Amazon RDS
10 4 (0.87%) PostgreSQL
11 3 (0.65%) DB2
11 3 (0.65%) SQL Server 2005
11 3 (0.65%) SQL Server 2014
12 2 (0.44%) SQLite
13 1 (0.22%) Data Mining
13 1 (0.22%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 25 (5.45%) JIRA
2 14 (3.05%) Jenkins
3 13 (2.83%) GitLab
4 12 (2.61%) Git (software)
4 12 (2.61%) Selenium
4 12 (2.61%) TeamCity
5 11 (2.40%) JMeter
5 11 (2.40%) Subversion
5 11 (2.40%) Visual Studio
6 10 (2.18%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 7 (1.53%) MSI
8 6 (1.31%) Bitbucket
9 4 (0.87%) Metasploit
9 4 (0.87%) MSBuild
10 3 (0.65%) InstallShield
10 3 (0.65%) Sonatype Nexus
10 3 (0.65%) Team Foundation Server
11 2 (0.44%) ClearCase
11 2 (0.44%) Maven
11 2 (0.44%) VSS/SourceSafe
General
1 70 (15.25%) Finance
2 20 (4.36%) Telecoms
3 14 (3.05%) Banking
4 13 (2.83%) Publishing
5 8 (1.74%) Local Government
6 6 (1.31%) Electronics
6 6 (1.31%) Manufacturing
7 4 (0.87%) Law
7 4 (0.87%) Marketing
7 4 (0.87%) Military
7 4 (0.87%) Retail
8 3 (0.65%) Legal
9 2 (0.44%) Automotive
9 2 (0.44%) Retail Banking
10 1 (0.22%) Advertising
10 1 (0.22%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.22%) Financial Institution
Job Titles
1 91 (19.83%) Architect
2 63 (13.73%) Consultant
3 49 (10.68%) Analyst
4 36 (7.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 36 (7.84%) Security Architect
5 29 (6.32%) Security Consultant
6 20 (4.36%) Security Analyst
7 19 (4.14%) Administrator
8 17 (3.70%) Active Directory Engineer
8 17 (3.70%) Security Engineer
8 17 (3.70%) Technical Architect
9 14 (3.05%) Server Engineer
10 13 (2.83%) Developer
10 13 (2.83%) Network Engineer
10 13 (2.83%) Wintel Engineer
11 12 (2.61%) DevOps Engineer
11 12 (2.61%) Security Specialist
11 12 (2.61%) SOC Analyst
11 12 (2.61%) Windows Engineer
12 11 (2.40%) Active Directory Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 52 (11.33%) LDAP
2 31 (6.75%) Web Services
3 24 (5.23%) SOAP
4 20 (4.36%) SAML
5 18 (3.92%) JSON
6 17 (3.70%) OpenID
7 16 (3.49%) .NET
8 15 (3.27%) REST
9 13 (2.83%) RESTful
10 11 (2.40%) Middleware
11 10 (2.18%) SailPoint
12 9 (1.96%) 802.1X
12 9 (1.96%) Lucene
12 9 (1.96%) OAuth2
13 8 (1.74%) OAuth
13 8 (1.74%) XML
14 7 (1.53%) XMPP
15 6 (1.31%) ASP.NET
15 6 (1.31%) LAMP
15 6 (1.31%) Software Packaging
Miscellaneous
1 77 (16.78%) Data Centre
2 33 (7.19%) Management Information System
3 22 (4.79%) Algorithms
4 19 (4.14%) Hybrid Cloud
5 14 (3.05%) Public Cloud
6 13 (2.83%) Computer Science
6 13 (2.83%) Cyberthreat
7 11 (2.40%) Linux Command Line
8 10 (2.18%) CESG
9 9 (1.96%) Clustering
10 8 (1.74%) Analytical Skills
10 8 (1.74%) Client/Server
10 8 (1.74%) DataPower
10 8 (1.74%) Security Operations Centre
10 8 (1.74%) Smartcard
11 7 (1.53%) Fat Client
11 7 (1.53%) RSA SecurID
11 7 (1.53%) Thin Client
12 6 (1.31%) Enterprise Cloud
12 6 (1.31%) Mobile Computing
Operating Systems
1 218 (47.49%) Windows
2 104 (22.66%) Linux
3 98 (21.35%) Windows Server
4 67 (14.60%) Windows Server 2008
5 64 (13.94%) Unix
6 63 (13.73%) Windows Server 2012
7 33 (7.19%) Windows Server 2003
8 32 (6.97%) Windows 7
9 22 (4.79%) Windows 10
10 21 (4.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 6 (1.31%) Mac OS
11 6 (1.31%) Solaris
12 5 (1.09%) Android
12 5 (1.09%) Apple iOS
12 5 (1.09%) Windows Phone
12 5 (1.09%) Windows Phone 8
13 4 (0.87%) Windows Vista
14 3 (0.65%) CentOS
14 3 (0.65%) Windows 2000
15 2 (0.44%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 74 (16.12%) ITIL
2 70 (15.25%) Information Security
3 67 (14.60%) SIEM
4 61 (13.29%) Cybersecurity
5 55 (11.98%) Migration
6 54 (11.76%) Cryptography
7 52 (11.33%) Agile Software Development
8 48 (10.46%) Incident Management
9 44 (9.59%) DevOps
10 35 (7.63%) Vulnerability Management
11 34 (7.41%) Server Virtualisation
12 27 (5.88%) Continuous Integration
13 26 (5.66%) Load Balancing
14 25 (5.45%) Test Automation
15 24 (5.23%) Identity Management
15 24 (5.23%) SDLC
16 23 (5.01%) Security Architecture
17 22 (4.79%) Identity Access Management
18 21 (4.58%) Data Protection
19 20 (4.36%) Penetration Testing
Programming Languages
1 100 (21.79%) PowerShell
2 61 (13.29%) SQL
3 33 (7.19%) Java
4 23 (5.01%) Python
5 18 (3.92%) VBScript
6 14 (3.05%) Shell Script
7 12 (2.61%) JavaScript
8 10 (2.18%) C#
9 9 (1.96%) Perl
10 7 (1.53%) Bash Shell
10 7 (1.53%) Ruby
11 6 (1.31%) C
12 5 (1.09%) C-shell
12 5 (1.09%) Korn
13 3 (0.65%) C++
13 3 (0.65%) T-SQL
14 2 (0.44%) Go
14 2 (0.44%) PHP
14 2 (0.44%) VB
15 1 (0.22%) sed
Qualifications
1 108 (23.53%) Security Cleared
2 65 (14.16%) SC Cleared
3 58 (12.64%) CISSP
4 49 (10.68%) DV Cleared
5 45 (9.80%) Microsoft Certification
6 36 (7.84%) Degree
7 32 (6.97%) CISM
8 25 (5.45%) Cisco Certification
9 18 (3.92%) MCSE
10 14 (3.05%) CCNP
11 12 (2.61%) CRISC
12 11 (2.40%) CISA
13 9 (1.96%) BPSS Clearance
13 9 (1.96%) CCIE
13 9 (1.96%) Computer Science Degree
13 9 (1.96%) GIAC
13 9 (1.96%) MCSA
13 9 (1.96%) SANS
14 7 (1.53%) CEH
14 7 (1.53%) CGEIT
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 31 (6.75%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 24 (5.23%) PCI DSS
3 19 (4.14%) GDPR
4 18 (3.92%) COBIT
4 18 (3.92%) Sarbanes-Oxley
5 8 (1.74%) Disclosure Scotland
6 5 (1.09%) FIPS 140-2
6 5 (1.09%) QA
7 3 (0.65%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 3 (0.65%) JSP 440
7 3 (0.65%) SLA
8 2 (0.44%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 2 (0.44%) RMADS
9 1 (0.22%) ECSS
System Software
1 190 (41.39%) Active Directory
2 62 (13.51%) VMware Infrastructure
3 48 (10.46%) vSphere
4 34 (7.41%) Hyper-V
5 23 (5.01%) VMware ESXi
6 18 (3.92%) BitLocker
7 16 (3.49%) VMware Workstation
8 13 (2.83%) XenDesktop
9 12 (2.61%) FreeRADIUS
10 9 (1.96%) Virtual Machines
10 9 (1.96%) XenApp
11 7 (1.53%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 6 (1.31%) VMware Server
13 5 (1.09%) Docker
13 5 (1.09%) Virtual Desktop
14 4 (0.87%) iptables
14 4 (0.87%) Postfix
14 4 (0.87%) Samba
14 4 (0.87%) Squid
15 3 (0.65%) NFS
Systems Management
1 57 (12.42%) SCCM
2 38 (8.28%) Single Sign-On
3 27 (5.88%) Puppet
4 22 (4.79%) SCOM
5 21 (4.58%) WSUS
6 19 (4.14%) CA Single Sign-On
6 19 (4.14%) Opscode Chef
7 18 (3.92%) Ansible
8 13 (2.83%) vCenter Server
9 12 (2.61%) McAfee ePO
9 12 (2.61%) Tivoli
10 11 (2.40%) OpenSSO
11 10 (2.18%) Graylog
11 10 (2.18%) logstash
11 10 (2.18%) Nagios
11 10 (2.18%) Rundeck
12 9 (1.96%) Norton AntiVirus
13 8 (1.74%) Nessus
13 8 (1.74%) SCVMM
14 6 (1.31%) Nmap
Vendors
1 180 (39.22%) Microsoft
2 102 (22.22%) VMware
3 64 (13.94%) Cisco
4 58 (12.64%) Citrix
5 34 (7.41%) HP
6 30 (6.54%) McAfee
7 29 (6.32%) Splunk
8 28 (6.10%) CA
9 27 (5.88%) Oracle
10 26 (5.66%) Juniper
11 20 (4.36%) Red Hat
12 19 (4.14%) Apple
12 19 (4.14%) F5
13 18 (3.92%) IBM
14 15 (3.27%) Palo Alto
15 14 (3.05%) CheckPoint
15 14 (3.05%) Gemalto
16 13 (2.83%) Lumension
16 13 (2.83%) SolarWinds
17 12 (2.61%) Symantec