Period
to 19 August 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 August 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
19 Aug 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 497 439 457
Rank change year-on-year -58 +18 +128
Contract jobs citing PKI 391 571 498
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.53% 0.44%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.21% 1.59% 1.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 225 348 284
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.53% +18.75% +6.67%
10th Percentile £284 £310 £263
90th Percentile £600 £588 £543
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £450 £400
% change year-on-year -11.11% +12.50% +14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 6 5
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £29.79 £20.19
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +67.86% +47.57% -37.89%
10th Percentile £39.80 £23.52 £19.61
90th Percentile £52.50 £36.63 £20.59
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.00 £29.79 £20.19
% change year-on-year +67.86% +47.57% -47.91%

PKI is in the generic IT skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 32201 36004 35954
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 33.40% 33.18% 31.91%
Number of daily rates quoted 21043 23586 22446
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £410
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.66% +2.50%
10th Percentile £265 £253 £238
90th Percentile £640 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 986 1203 1387
UK median hourly rate £21.45 £21.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.14% +10.53% -5.00%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.50 £11.17
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.23 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £21.00 £18.50
% change year-on-year -4.76% +13.51% -7.50%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 August 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 19 August 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -55 342 £475 -1.55% 43
UK excluding London -85 207 £400 -11.11% 37
London +58 179 £538 +7.50% 15
South East -94 62 £445 -1.11% 12
North of England +15 46 £295 -32.95% 6
Scotland +6 43 £425 -10.53% 9
North West -9 36 £295 -27.38% 4
Midlands +37 22 £294 -34.72% 5
South West +2 20 £475 +3.49% 4
East Midlands -8 12 £288 -53.25%
West Midlands +39 10 £400 +3.23% 5
Yorkshire +29 10 £481 +75.00% 1
East of England -16 10 £463 -22.92% 1
Northern Ireland - 5 £324 -

For the 6 months to 19 August 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 146 (37.34%) Windows
2 125 (31.97%) Active Directory
3 122 (31.20%) Security Cleared
4 113 (28.90%) Microsoft
5 111 (28.39%) Linux
6 91 (23.27%) Finance
7 90 (23.02%) Firewall
8 89 (22.76%) VMware
9 82 (20.97%) SC Cleared
10 80 (20.46%) SSL
11 69 (17.65%) Windows Server
12 68 (17.39%) Agile Software Development
13 65 (16.62%) Java
14 63 (16.11%) Unix
15 61 (15.60%) DNS
16 60 (15.35%) SQL
17 57 (14.58%) Migration
17 57 (14.58%) Amazon AWS
18 56 (14.32%) Information Security
18 56 (14.32%) TCP/IP
19 52 (13.30%) Python
20 50 (12.79%) DevOps
21 49 (12.53%) Cryptography
22 46 (11.76%) Puppet
23 45 (11.51%) Cisco
24 43 (11.00%) Citrix
25 42 (10.74%) Data Centre
26 41 (10.49%) LDAP
27 40 (10.23%) Kerberos
28 39 (9.97%) Red Hat

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 31 (7.93%) Apache
1 31 (7.93%) MS Exchange
2 27 (6.91%) IIS
3 26 (6.65%) SharePoint
4 20 (5.12%) SAS
4 20 (5.12%) Skype for Business
4 20 (5.12%) Tomcat
5 16 (4.09%) CICS
5 16 (4.09%) MQSeries
6 15 (3.84%) JBoss
6 15 (3.84%) WebSphere
7 10 (2.56%) Exchange Server 2010
8 9 (2.30%) Exchange Server 2013
9 8 (2.05%) nginx
9 8 (2.05%) SharePoint Server
10 6 (1.53%) Exchange Server 2003
11 5 (1.28%) IBM Notes
12 4 (1.02%) WebSphere Application Server
13 3 (0.77%) Confluence
13 3 (0.77%) WebLogic
Applications
1 26 (6.65%) Microsoft Office
2 24 (6.14%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (5.12%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 5 (1.28%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.51%) HipChat
5 2 (0.51%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.26%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 57 (14.58%) Amazon AWS
2 32 (8.18%) IaaS
3 29 (7.42%) Office 365
4 26 (6.65%) Microsoft Azure
5 19 (4.86%) PaaS
6 17 (4.35%) SaaS
7 7 (1.79%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.53%) Amazon EC2
9 5 (1.28%) AWS CloudFormation
9 5 (1.28%) AWS Lambda
9 5 (1.28%) Azure Active Directory
9 5 (1.28%) Route 53
10 4 (1.02%) Amazon CloudWatch
10 4 (1.02%) Amazon S3
10 4 (1.02%) Slack
10 4 (1.02%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 2 (0.51%) Google Cloud Platform
12 1 (0.26%) Amazon ELB
12 1 (0.26%) OneDrive
12 1 (0.26%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 90 (23.02%) Firewall
2 80 (20.46%) SSL
3 61 (15.60%) DNS
4 56 (14.32%) TCP/IP
5 41 (10.49%) LDAP
6 40 (10.23%) Kerberos
7 38 (9.72%) Network Security
7 38 (9.72%) VPN
8 36 (9.21%) IPsec
9 35 (8.95%) SSH
10 32 (8.18%) HTTP
11 28 (7.16%) Internet
12 26 (6.65%) DHCP
13 24 (6.14%) LAN
14 23 (5.88%) HTTPS
15 22 (5.63%) SAN
16 15 (3.84%) WAN
17 13 (3.32%) SNMP
18 12 (3.07%) NetScaler
19 11 (2.81%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 25 (6.39%) DB2
2 20 (5.12%) SQL Server
3 16 (4.09%) Relational Database
4 12 (3.07%) PostgreSQL
5 11 (2.81%) RDBMS
6 8 (2.05%) MongoDB
7 7 (1.79%) MySQL
8 6 (1.53%) NoSQL
9 5 (1.28%) Big Data
9 5 (1.28%) SQLite
10 2 (0.51%) Hadoop
10 2 (0.51%) MSDE
10 2 (0.51%) Redis
11 1 (0.26%) EDRMS
11 1 (0.26%) OLTP
11 1 (0.26%) Oracle Database
11 1 (0.26%) Oracle Database 11g
11 1 (0.26%) Oracle ODI
11 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2008
11 1 (0.26%) SQL Server 2016
Development Applications
1 22 (5.63%) Jenkins
2 21 (5.37%) Git (software)
3 13 (3.32%) Maven
4 10 (2.56%) Subversion
5 9 (2.30%) Bitbucket
5 9 (2.30%) JIRA
5 9 (2.30%) Sonatype Nexus
6 7 (1.79%) Visual Studio
7 5 (1.28%) Xcode
8 4 (1.02%) FishEye
8 4 (1.02%) GitLab
9 3 (0.77%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.51%) Atlassian Bamboo
10 2 (0.51%) Cucumber
10 2 (0.51%) Fiddler
10 2 (0.51%) Grunt
10 2 (0.51%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.51%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (0.51%) webpack
11 1 (0.26%) Ant
General
1 91 (23.27%) Finance
2 24 (6.14%) Telecoms
3 17 (4.35%) Banking
4 15 (3.84%) Legal
5 11 (2.81%) Marketing
6 10 (2.56%) Electronics
6 10 (2.56%) Local Government
6 10 (2.56%) Manufacturing
7 9 (2.30%) Financial Institution
8 4 (1.02%) Law
8 4 (1.02%) Pharmaceutical
9 1 (0.26%) Billing
9 1 (0.26%) Multimedia
9 1 (0.26%) Retail
Job Titles
1 81 (20.72%) Architect
2 52 (13.30%) Consultant
3 34 (8.70%) Developer
4 22 (5.63%) Security Architect
4 22 (5.63%) Security Consultant
5 21 (5.37%) Administrator
5 21 (5.37%) Analyst
6 20 (5.12%) Technical Architect
7 18 (4.60%) Security Engineer
8 17 (4.35%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 17 (4.35%) Security Analyst
9 15 (3.84%) DevOps Engineer
9 15 (3.84%) Systems Administrator
10 14 (3.58%) Network Engineer
11 13 (3.32%) AWS Architect
12 12 (3.07%) Cloud Architect
13 11 (2.81%) Server Engineer
14 10 (2.56%) Support Engineer
15 9 (2.30%) Network Specialist
15 9 (2.30%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (7.42%) SAML
2 25 (6.39%) Middleware
3 24 (6.14%) Web Services
4 21 (5.37%) XML
5 19 (4.86%) REST
6 18 (4.60%) OAuth
7 16 (4.09%) ISPF
8 15 (3.84%) SOAP
9 14 (3.58%) Java EE
9 14 (3.58%) RESTful
10 12 (3.07%) .NET
10 12 (3.07%) 802.1X
10 12 (3.07%) JSON
10 12 (3.07%) Node.js
10 12 (3.07%) OpenID
11 9 (2.30%) XSLT
12 8 (2.05%) SailPoint
12 8 (2.05%) SPNEGO
13 6 (1.53%) AngularJS
13 6 (1.53%) Windows Identity Foundation
Miscellaneous
1 42 (10.74%) Data Centre
2 24 (6.14%) Mainframe
3 22 (5.63%) Management Information System
4 19 (4.86%) Analytical Skills
5 15 (3.84%) Computer Science
6 11 (2.81%) Cloud Native
7 10 (2.56%) Replication
8 9 (2.30%) CESG
8 9 (2.30%) Linux Command Line
9 8 (2.05%) Client/Server
10 7 (1.79%) DataPower
10 7 (1.79%) Hybrid Cloud
10 7 (1.79%) Smart Meter
10 7 (1.79%) User Experience
11 6 (1.53%) Private Cloud
11 6 (1.53%) Smartcard
12 5 (1.28%) Blackberry
12 5 (1.28%) Public Cloud
12 5 (1.28%) Virtual Team
12 5 (1.28%) YubiKey
Operating Systems
1 146 (37.34%) Windows
2 111 (28.39%) Linux
3 69 (17.65%) Windows Server
4 63 (16.11%) Unix
5 33 (8.44%) Windows Server 2012
6 30 (7.67%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 26 (6.65%) Windows Server 2008
8 23 (5.88%) Windows Server 2003
9 21 (5.37%) CentOS
10 16 (4.09%) zOS
11 14 (3.58%) Windows 10
12 10 (2.56%) AIX
13 9 (2.30%) Apple iOS
13 9 (2.30%) Solaris
14 6 (1.53%) Windows 2000 Server
15 5 (1.28%) Windows 7
16 4 (1.02%) HPUX
17 2 (0.51%) Android
17 2 (0.51%) SUSE
18 1 (0.26%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 68 (17.39%) Agile Software Development
2 57 (14.58%) Migration
3 56 (14.32%) Information Security
4 50 (12.79%) DevOps
5 49 (12.53%) Cryptography
6 39 (9.97%) SIEM
7 36 (9.21%) Configuration Management
8 35 (8.95%) Identity Access Management
8 35 (8.95%) ITIL
9 31 (7.93%) Cybersecurity
10 28 (7.16%) Open Source
11 25 (6.39%) Continuous Integration
12 24 (6.14%) Security Management
12 24 (6.14%) Time Management
13 23 (5.88%) Continuous Improvement
14 20 (5.12%) Identity Management
15 19 (4.86%) TDD
16 18 (4.60%) Change Management
16 18 (4.60%) Multi-Factor Authentication
16 18 (4.60%) Project Management
Programming Languages
1 65 (16.62%) Java
2 60 (15.35%) SQL
3 52 (13.30%) Python
4 38 (9.72%) PowerShell
5 32 (8.18%) Shell Script
6 31 (7.93%) Perl
6 31 (7.93%) Ruby
7 20 (5.12%) JCL
8 16 (4.09%) Assembly Language
8 16 (4.09%) CLIST
8 16 (4.09%) REXX
9 15 (3.84%) Bash Shell
10 12 (3.07%) Go
11 10 (2.56%) C++
11 10 (2.56%) C-shell
11 10 (2.56%) JavaScript
11 10 (2.56%) Korn
12 9 (2.30%) C#
13 5 (1.28%) Apple Swift
13 5 (1.28%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 122 (31.20%) Security Cleared
2 82 (20.97%) SC Cleared
3 29 (7.42%) DV Cleared
4 28 (7.16%) Microsoft Certification
5 27 (6.91%) Degree
6 23 (5.88%) CISSP
7 18 (4.60%) Cisco Certification
8 14 (3.58%) MCSE
9 13 (3.32%) RHCE
10 12 (3.07%) BPSS Clearance
10 12 (3.07%) CISM
10 12 (3.07%) RHCSA
11 11 (2.81%) Computer Science Degree
12 8 (2.05%) ITIL Certification
13 7 (1.79%) CCIE
13 7 (1.79%) CRISC
13 7 (1.79%) VCP6
13 7 (1.79%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
14 6 (1.53%) CCNA
14 6 (1.53%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 22 (5.63%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 14 (3.58%) PCI DSS
3 6 (1.53%) GDPR
3 6 (1.53%) SLA
4 5 (1.28%) COBIT
4 5 (1.28%) QA
5 3 (0.77%) Disclosure Scotland
6 2 (0.51%) HMG Security Policy Framework
6 2 (0.51%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 2 (0.51%) RMADS
6 2 (0.51%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.26%) COSO
7 1 (0.26%) ISAE 3402
7 1 (0.26%) SSAE 16
System Software
1 125 (31.97%) Active Directory
2 37 (9.46%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (4.09%) Job Entry Subsystem
3 16 (4.09%) RACF
3 16 (4.09%) Time Sharing Option
4 14 (3.58%) vSphere
5 12 (3.07%) Docker
5 12 (3.07%) XenApp
6 9 (2.30%) Hyper-V
7 7 (1.79%) DFS Replication
7 7 (1.79%) Virtual Machines
7 7 (1.79%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (1.53%) BitLocker
8 6 (1.53%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 5 (1.28%) XenDesktop
10 4 (1.02%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 4 (1.02%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 4 (1.02%) NFS
10 4 (1.02%) VMware Server
11 3 (0.77%) Microsoft App-V
Systems Management
1 46 (11.76%) Puppet
2 38 (9.72%) SCOM
3 37 (9.46%) Opscode Chef
4 33 (8.44%) Ansible
5 17 (4.35%) SCCM
6 16 (4.09%) zSecure
7 13 (3.32%) Salt
8 11 (2.81%) CA Single Sign-On
9 9 (2.30%) Kubernetes
9 9 (2.30%) vCenter Server
10 8 (2.05%) Nessus
11 7 (1.79%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 7 (1.79%) Netcool
11 7 (1.79%) WSUS
12 6 (1.53%) NetBackup
13 5 (1.28%) Rsyslog
13 5 (1.28%) WMI
14 4 (1.02%) Cobbler
14 4 (1.02%) SCSM
14 4 (1.02%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 113 (28.90%) Microsoft
2 89 (22.76%) VMware
3 45 (11.51%) Cisco
4 43 (11.00%) Citrix
5 39 (9.97%) Red Hat
6 34 (8.70%) CA
7 30 (7.67%) IBM
8 26 (6.65%) Oracle
9 25 (6.39%) Sybase
10 24 (6.14%) Juniper
11 22 (5.63%) HP
12 21 (5.37%) F5
13 14 (3.58%) SolarWinds
14 12 (3.07%) Palo Alto
15 11 (2.81%) McAfee
16 10 (2.56%) CyberArk
16 10 (2.56%) ForgeRock
16 10 (2.56%) SAP
17 9 (2.30%) CheckPoint
17 9 (2.30%) ServiceNow