Period
to 19 September 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 September 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 464 398 477
Rank change year-on-year -66 +79 -23
Contract jobs citing PKI 412 625 451
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.61% 0.46%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.48% 1.87% 1.39%
Number of daily rates quoted 271 420 258
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.56% +2.63% -
10th Percentile £308 £325 £283
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 9
UK median hourly rate £13.00 £36.75 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -64.63% -18.33% +36.36%
10th Percentile £12.00 £19.20 £13.04
90th Percentile £50.00 £56.25 £50.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £31.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -58.06% -31.11% +36.36%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 27,863 33,423 32,450
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.36% 32.42% 32.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 17,675 21,613 21,075
UK median daily rate £475 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.06% +4.44% +5.88%
10th Percentile £270 £275 £263
90th Percentile £670 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £418 £400
% change year-on-year +1.80% +4.38% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,034 1,040 1,003
UK median hourly rate £21.74 £20.21 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.57% -3.76% +3.68%
10th Percentile £11.63 £12.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.50 £19.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +7.89% -5.00% -2.44%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 September 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -36 367 £500 - 53
UK excluding London -45 251 £475 +5.56% 40
London -30 145 £575 +2.45% 14
South East -30 80 £475 - 12
South West +6 46 £500 +1.27% 8
North of England +4 35 £440 +10.00% 5
East of England +9 32 £613 +44.12% 9
North West +21 26 £460 +64.29% 2
Midlands +26 21 £300 -50.00% 5
Scotland +17 21 £518 +27.38% 1
West Midlands +34 19 £300 -50.00% 4
Wales +5 18 £530 +17.78%
Yorkshire +9 9 £225 -50.55% 2
East Midlands +14 2 £245 -59.21% 1

For the 6 months to 19 September 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 184 (44.66%) Active Directory
2 161 (39.08%) Windows
3 135 (32.77%) Security Cleared
4 121 (29.37%) Microsoft
5 99 (24.03%) DNS
6 98 (23.79%) Agile Software Development
7 96 (23.30%) Azure
8 85 (20.63%) Linux
9 84 (20.39%) AWS
10 80 (19.42%) Windows Server
11 79 (19.17%) Firewall
12 75 (18.20%) SC Cleared
13 74 (17.96%) PowerShell
14 72 (17.48%) Finance
15 69 (16.75%) Information Security
16 68 (16.50%) Docker
16 68 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
17 61 (14.81%) VMware
18 60 (14.56%) DV Cleared
19 58 (14.08%) Security Architecture
20 55 (13.35%) JIRA
20 55 (13.35%) Java
21 54 (13.11%) Python
21 54 (13.11%) DevOps
22 53 (12.86%) SIEM
22 53 (12.86%) VPN
22 53 (12.86%) Cisco
23 51 (12.38%) DHCP
23 51 (12.38%) Unix
23 51 (12.38%) SCCM

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (9.95%) Apache
2 33 (8.01%) Confluence
3 32 (7.77%) Skype for Business
4 26 (6.31%) SharePoint
5 19 (4.61%) MS Exchange
6 18 (4.37%) IIS
7 16 (3.88%) JBoss
8 14 (3.40%) OpenStack
9 13 (3.16%) nginx
10 10 (2.43%) WebLogic
11 9 (2.18%) Elasticsearch
12 7 (1.70%) Exchange Server 2003
13 6 (1.46%) Cloud Foundry
13 6 (1.46%) Oracle HTTP Server
13 6 (1.46%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 5 (1.21%) IBM Domino
15 4 (0.97%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
15 4 (0.97%) WebSphere
16 3 (0.73%) Jetty
16 3 (0.73%) Tomcat
Applications
1 10 (2.43%) Microsoft Office
2 9 (2.18%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 9 (2.18%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 6 (1.46%) Oracle BPM
3 4 (0.97%) Veritas eDiscovery
4 3 (0.73%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.24%) Oracle Cash Management
5 1 (0.24%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 1 (0.24%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 96 (23.30%) Azure
2 84 (20.39%) AWS
3 44 (10.68%) Office 365
4 30 (7.28%) SaaS
5 27 (6.55%) Amazon EC2
5 27 (6.55%) PaaS
6 25 (6.07%) Azure Active Directory
7 24 (5.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
8 21 (5.10%) Serverless
9 20 (4.85%) Amazon ECS
9 20 (4.85%) Amazon S3
9 20 (4.85%) AWS Lambda
9 20 (4.85%) GitHub
9 20 (4.85%) Route 53
10 15 (3.64%) OpenShift
11 14 (3.40%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 14 (3.40%) CloudFront
12 12 (2.91%) IaaS
13 10 (2.43%) Power Platform
14 8 (1.94%) OneDrive
Communications & Networking
1 99 (24.03%) DNS
2 79 (19.17%) Firewall
3 53 (12.86%) VPN
4 51 (12.38%) DHCP
5 43 (10.44%) Network Security
6 38 (9.22%) WAN
7 30 (7.28%) LAN
8 27 (6.55%) VLAN
9 26 (6.31%) TCP/IP
10 23 (5.58%) IPsec
11 22 (5.34%) MPLS
12 21 (5.10%) Wireless
13 20 (4.85%) Internet
14 18 (4.37%) SAN
15 17 (4.13%) BGP
15 17 (4.13%) Cisco ASA
15 17 (4.13%) HTTP
15 17 (4.13%) Skype
16 16 (3.88%) EIGRP
17 12 (2.91%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 34 (8.25%) SQL Server
2 24 (5.83%) Big Data
3 18 (4.37%) Amazon RDS
4 12 (2.91%) Hadoop
5 10 (2.43%) SQL Server 2012
6 9 (2.18%) PostgreSQL
7 8 (1.94%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (1.94%) Power BI
8 7 (1.70%) Geospatial Data
8 7 (1.70%) HBase
9 5 (1.21%) Apache Accumulo
9 5 (1.21%) MySQL
9 5 (1.21%) SQL Server 2008
10 3 (0.73%) SQL Server 2016
11 2 (0.49%) MongoDB
11 2 (0.49%) Redis
11 2 (0.49%) SQL Server 2014
12 1 (0.24%) Couchbase
12 1 (0.24%) Hazelcast
12 1 (0.24%) NoSQL
Development Applications
1 55 (13.35%) JIRA
2 39 (9.47%) Jenkins
3 28 (6.80%) Git (software)
4 23 (5.58%) MSI
5 6 (1.46%) Maven
5 6 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
6 5 (1.21%) Gradle
7 4 (0.97%) StarTeam
8 3 (0.73%) Artifactory
8 3 (0.73%) Bitbucket
8 3 (0.73%) VSS/SourceSafe
9 2 (0.49%) Cobertura
9 2 (0.49%) IBM UrbanCode
9 2 (0.49%) Metasploit
9 2 (0.49%) Rational DOORS
9 2 (0.49%) Snyk
9 2 (0.49%) SonarQube
9 2 (0.49%) TeamCity
9 2 (0.49%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (0.49%) Zephyr
General
1 72 (17.48%) Finance
2 40 (9.71%) Public Sector
3 21 (5.10%) Legal
3 21 (5.10%) Telecoms
4 20 (4.85%) Banking
5 17 (4.13%) Manufacturing
6 16 (3.88%) Law
7 12 (2.91%) Local Government
8 11 (2.67%) Multimedia
9 10 (2.43%) Electronics
9 10 (2.43%) Marketing
10 8 (1.94%) Aerospace
11 7 (1.70%) Retail
12 6 (1.46%) Back Office
13 4 (0.97%) Investment Banking
13 4 (0.97%) Military
14 1 (0.24%) Advertising
14 1 (0.24%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 122 (29.61%) Architect
2 66 (16.02%) Security Architect
3 40 (9.71%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 31 (7.52%) Network Engineer
5 23 (5.58%) Solutions Architect
5 23 (5.58%) Support Engineer
6 22 (5.34%) Cloud Architect
7 20 (4.85%) Consultant
7 20 (4.85%) Security Engineer
8 17 (4.13%) DevOps Engineer
9 16 (3.88%) Active Directory Engineer
10 15 (3.64%) Administrator
10 15 (3.64%) Analyst
11 14 (3.40%) Applications Specialist
11 14 (3.40%) Developer
11 14 (3.40%) Technical Architect
12 13 (3.16%) AWS Engineer
12 13 (3.16%) Systems Engineer
13 12 (2.91%) AWS DevOps
13 12 (2.91%) AWS DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (7.52%) JSON
2 26 (6.31%) REST
2 26 (6.31%) XML
3 23 (5.58%) LDAP
4 20 (4.85%) Middleware
5 18 (4.37%) Node.js
6 16 (3.88%) Java EE
7 15 (3.64%) OAuth
8 13 (3.16%) 802.1X
9 12 (2.91%) Web Services
10 9 (2.18%) Kafka
10 9 (2.18%) OAuth2
10 9 (2.18%) SOAP
11 8 (1.94%) SAML
12 7 (1.70%) Apache NiFi
12 7 (1.70%) NumPy
12 7 (1.70%) OpenID
12 7 (1.70%) PostGIS
12 7 (1.70%) RSS
12 7 (1.70%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 48 (11.65%) Analytical Skills
2 45 (10.92%) Data Centre
3 34 (8.25%) Management Information System
4 17 (4.13%) Cloud Native
5 14 (3.40%) Clustering
6 12 (2.91%) Blackberry
6 12 (2.91%) Replication
7 10 (2.43%) Self-Motivation
8 9 (2.18%) Algorithms
8 9 (2.18%) iPhone
9 8 (1.94%) Greenfield Project
9 8 (1.94%) Hybrid Cloud
10 7 (1.70%) Driving Licence
11 6 (1.46%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
12 5 (1.21%) Private Cloud
13 4 (0.97%) EMC VNX
13 4 (0.97%) Grid Computing
13 4 (0.97%) Public Cloud
14 3 (0.73%) IPTV
14 3 (0.73%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 161 (39.08%) Windows
2 85 (20.63%) Linux
3 80 (19.42%) Windows Server
4 51 (12.38%) Unix
5 44 (10.68%) Windows 10
6 42 (10.19%) Windows Server 2012
7 38 (9.22%) Windows Server 2008
8 21 (5.10%) Windows 7
9 17 (4.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 14 (3.40%) Windows Server 2003
11 11 (2.67%) Ubuntu
12 9 (2.18%) Android
13 6 (1.46%) AIX
13 6 (1.46%) Solaris
14 5 (1.21%) Debian
14 5 (1.21%) Mac OS
14 5 (1.21%) Windows XP
15 4 (0.97%) Windows Vista
16 3 (0.73%) Apple iOS
16 3 (0.73%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 98 (23.79%) Agile Software Development
2 69 (16.75%) Information Security
3 68 (16.50%) Problem-Solving
4 58 (14.08%) Security Architecture
5 54 (13.11%) DevOps
6 53 (12.86%) SIEM
7 46 (11.17%) Identity Access Management
7 46 (11.17%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 45 (10.92%) Cybersecurity
9 41 (9.95%) TOGAF
10 37 (8.98%) Migration
10 37 (8.98%) Risk Management
11 36 (8.74%) Cryptography
12 29 (7.04%) Identity Management
12 29 (7.04%) ITIL
13 28 (6.80%) Vulnerability Management
14 26 (6.31%) Disaster Recovery
14 26 (6.31%) Enterprise Architecture
15 24 (5.83%) Configuration Management
15 24 (5.83%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 74 (17.96%) PowerShell
2 55 (13.35%) Java
3 54 (13.11%) Python
4 41 (9.95%) SQL
5 29 (7.04%) Bash Shell
6 22 (5.34%) C
7 13 (3.16%) VBScript
8 8 (1.94%) C++
8 8 (1.94%) JavaScript
9 7 (1.70%) Groovy
10 6 (1.46%) Go
11 5 (1.21%) VB
12 4 (0.97%) Java 8
12 4 (0.97%) Perl
13 1 (0.24%) C#
13 1 (0.24%) Embedded C
13 1 (0.24%) Java 9
13 1 (0.24%) Kotlin
13 1 (0.24%) PHP
13 1 (0.24%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 135 (32.77%) Security Cleared
2 75 (18.20%) SC Cleared
3 60 (14.56%) DV Cleared
4 42 (10.19%) CISSP
5 29 (7.04%) Cisco Certification
6 26 (6.31%) Degree
7 24 (5.83%) AWS Certification
8 21 (5.10%) CCNP
9 20 (4.85%) Microsoft Certification
10 18 (4.37%) CISM
11 15 (3.64%) CCIE
11 15 (3.64%) MCSE
12 13 (3.16%) IISP
13 10 (2.43%) MCSA
14 8 (1.94%) CCNA
14 8 (1.94%) CISA
14 8 (1.94%) SANS
15 7 (1.70%) GIAC
15 7 (1.70%) SSCP
15 7 (1.70%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.61%) ISO/IEC 27001
1 19 (4.61%) PCI DSS
2 15 (3.64%) NIST
3 7 (1.70%) GDPR
4 6 (1.46%) COBIT
5 5 (1.21%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
5 5 (1.21%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 2 (0.49%) HL7
6 2 (0.49%) NCSC
6 2 (0.49%) SLA
7 1 (0.24%) Cyber Essentials
7 1 (0.24%) HIPAA
7 1 (0.24%) ISO 22301
7 1 (0.24%) ISO 9001
7 1 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 1 (0.24%) QA
System Software
1 184 (44.66%) Active Directory
2 68 (16.50%) Docker
3 39 (9.47%) VMware Infrastructure
4 26 (6.31%) Hyper-V
5 21 (5.10%) VMware ESXi
6 18 (4.37%) vSphere
7 15 (3.64%) Microsoft App-V
8 11 (2.67%) XenApp
9 7 (1.70%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 6 (1.46%) VMware NSX
11 5 (1.21%) Firmware
11 5 (1.21%) HDFS
12 4 (0.97%) BitLocker
12 4 (0.97%) Virtual Machines
13 3 (0.73%) VMware Server
14 2 (0.49%) Citrix Hypervisor
14 2 (0.49%) DFS Replication
14 2 (0.49%) vCloud
14 2 (0.49%) VMware Workstation
14 2 (0.49%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 51 (12.38%) SCCM
2 42 (10.19%) Ansible
3 33 (8.01%) Kubernetes
4 32 (7.77%) Terraform
5 30 (7.28%) SCOM
6 26 (6.31%) Single Sign-On
7 16 (3.88%) CASB
7 16 (3.88%) Opscode Chef
8 15 (3.64%) Microsoft Intune
9 11 (2.67%) vCenter Server
10 9 (2.18%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 8 (1.94%) Oracle Identity Management
11 8 (1.94%) PingFederate
11 8 (1.94%) Puppet
12 7 (1.70%) McAfee ePO
12 7 (1.70%) Microsoft Clustering
12 7 (1.70%) Packer
12 7 (1.70%) WSUS
13 6 (1.46%) Cisco Prime
14 5 (1.21%) OpenView Configuration Management
Vendors
1 121 (29.37%) Microsoft
2 61 (14.81%) VMware
3 53 (12.86%) Cisco
4 34 (8.25%) Oracle
5 33 (8.01%) Citrix
6 27 (6.55%) Atlassian
7 22 (5.34%) Splunk
8 21 (5.10%) CA
9 20 (4.85%) McAfee
10 19 (4.61%) SAP
11 18 (4.37%) Juniper
12 15 (3.64%) Palo Alto
13 14 (3.40%) SolarWinds
14 11 (2.67%) Aruba
14 11 (2.67%) Infoblox
15 10 (2.43%) Google
15 10 (2.43%) HP
16 9 (2.18%) Sparx
17 8 (1.94%) Intapp
17 8 (1.94%) Workday