Period
to 21 February 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
21 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 390 483 472
Rank change year-on-year +93 -11 +35
Contract jobs citing PKI 387 454 459
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.57% 0.46% 0.45%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.79% 1.44% 1.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 226 309 276
UK median daily rate £475 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -5.00% +5.26% +8.57%
10th Percentile £334 £330 £268
90th Percentile £647 £700 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £470 £400
% change year-on-year -4.26% +17.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 13 13 11
UK median hourly rate £50.50 £35.00 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +44.29% +9.38% -24.71%
10th Percentile £47.00 £12.00 £13.11
90th Percentile £66.00 £47.40 £46.89
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.50 £35.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year +44.29% +16.67% -29.41%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 21,621 31,619 33,402
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.59% 31.90% 32.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 13,538 20,608 22,170
UK median daily rate £460 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -3.16% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £235 £275 £259
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 978 1,040 1,033
UK median hourly rate £24.11 £20.50 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +17.61% -4.65% +9.55%
10th Percentile £12.48 £11.85 £11.62
90th Percentile £53.00 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £20.00 £20.63
% change year-on-year +7.50% -3.07% +11.53%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 21 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 21 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +78 334 £486 -2.75% 61
UK excluding London +92 265 £450 -4.26% 52
London +73 105 £550 -4.35% 19
South West +32 62 £475 +5.56% 4
South East +23 61 £463 -2.63% 15
Scotland +56 41 £363 -27.50% 7
East of England +45 35 £500 +25.00% 7
Midlands +79 34 £575 +45.57% 5
North of England +72 33 £375 -6.25% 11
West Midlands +69 32 £575 +43.75% 5
North West +49 25 £370 -26.00% 7
Yorkshire +38 6 £440 +10.00% 3
East Midlands +34 2 - -
North East +23 2 - - 1
Wales +22 1 £550 +22.22% 3

For the 6 months to 21 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 208 (53.75%) Active Directory
2 184 (47.55%) Windows
3 154 (39.79%) Microsoft
4 146 (37.73%) Security Cleared
5 133 (34.37%) DNS
6 115 (29.72%) Azure
7 101 (26.10%) PowerShell
8 93 (24.03%) Windows Server
9 88 (22.74%) Firewall
10 86 (22.22%) DHCP
11 85 (21.96%) SC Cleared
11 85 (21.96%) AWS
12 82 (21.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
13 71 (18.35%) VMware
14 66 (17.05%) Agile Software Development
15 64 (16.54%) DevOps
16 63 (16.28%) LDAP
17 62 (16.02%) SCCM
18 58 (14.99%) Windows Server 2012
19 55 (14.21%) Office 365
19 55 (14.21%) Cisco
20 54 (13.95%) Linux
20 54 (13.95%) Java
20 54 (13.95%) VMware Infrastructure
21 53 (13.70%) Citrix
21 53 (13.70%) Migration
21 53 (13.70%) Docker
22 52 (13.44%) DV Cleared
23 51 (13.18%) SQL Server
24 47 (12.14%) Identity Access Management

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 42 (10.85%) SharePoint
2 30 (7.75%) Skype for Business
3 23 (5.94%) Confluence
4 20 (5.17%) Apache
5 18 (4.65%) MS Exchange
6 16 (4.13%) IIS
7 10 (2.58%) JBoss
8 7 (1.81%) Exchange Server 2003
8 7 (1.81%) Exchange Server 2013
8 7 (1.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 6 (1.55%) Tomcat
10 5 (1.29%) Apache ServiceMix
11 4 (1.03%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (1.03%) nginx
11 4 (1.03%) Oracle Workflow
11 4 (1.03%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.78%) Cloud Foundry
12 3 (0.78%) Jetty
12 3 (0.78%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 3 (0.78%) WebLogic
Applications
1 12 (3.10%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.78%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.78%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.78%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (0.52%) Oracle Cash Management
2 2 (0.52%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 115 (29.72%) Azure
2 85 (21.96%) AWS
3 55 (14.21%) Office 365
4 44 (11.37%) Azure Active Directory
5 21 (5.43%) PaaS
6 20 (5.17%) IaaS
7 14 (3.62%) SaaS
8 12 (3.10%) GCP
8 12 (3.10%) OneDrive
9 11 (2.84%) Serverless
10 8 (2.07%) GitHub
10 8 (2.07%) OpenShift
10 8 (2.07%) Power Platform
11 5 (1.29%) Amazon EC2
11 5 (1.29%) Amazon ECS
11 5 (1.29%) Apigee
11 5 (1.29%) Yammer
12 4 (1.03%) Akamai
12 4 (1.03%) Cloud Computing
13 3 (0.78%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 133 (34.37%) DNS
2 88 (22.74%) Firewall
3 86 (22.22%) DHCP
4 44 (11.37%) Skype
5 41 (10.59%) Network Security
5 41 (10.59%) SSL
6 34 (8.79%) TCP/IP
7 33 (8.53%) IPsec
7 33 (8.53%) VPN
8 32 (8.27%) Kerberos
9 27 (6.98%) WAN
10 23 (5.94%) LAN
10 23 (5.94%) VLAN
11 21 (5.43%) MPLS
12 17 (4.39%) Internet
13 16 (4.13%) NetScaler
14 15 (3.88%) X.500
15 13 (3.36%) BGP
15 13 (3.36%) Wireless
16 12 (3.10%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (13.18%) SQL Server
2 13 (3.36%) Big Data
3 9 (2.33%) MySQL
3 9 (2.33%) PostgreSQL
4 8 (2.07%) SQL Server 2016
5 7 (1.81%) Data Warehouse
5 7 (1.81%) Power BI
6 6 (1.55%) Blockchain
7 5 (1.29%) MongoDB
8 4 (1.03%) Hadoop
9 3 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
9 3 (0.78%) SQL Server 2012
10 2 (0.52%) Aerospike
10 2 (0.52%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 2 (0.52%) Cosmos DB
10 2 (0.52%) Couchbase
10 2 (0.52%) Hazelcast
10 2 (0.52%) NoSQL
10 2 (0.52%) Redis
10 2 (0.52%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 29 (7.49%) Jenkins
2 28 (7.24%) JIRA
3 19 (4.91%) Git (software)
4 11 (2.84%) GitLab
5 10 (2.58%) Bitbucket
6 7 (1.81%) Artifactory
7 6 (1.55%) Team Foundation Server
8 5 (1.29%) Maven
8 5 (1.29%) StarTeam
9 4 (1.03%) IBM UrbanCode
10 3 (0.78%) Selenium
10 3 (0.78%) Travis CI
10 3 (0.78%) VSS/SourceSafe
11 2 (0.52%) Ant
11 2 (0.52%) Octopus Deploy
11 2 (0.52%) Robot Framework
11 2 (0.52%) Sonatype Nexus
11 2 (0.52%) TeamCity
11 2 (0.52%) TestRail
11 2 (0.52%) Zephyr
General
1 40 (10.34%) Public Sector
2 38 (9.82%) Finance
3 12 (3.10%) Banking
4 8 (2.07%) Local Government
4 8 (2.07%) Multimedia
4 8 (2.07%) Telecoms
5 6 (1.55%) Retail
6 5 (1.29%) Manufacturing
7 4 (1.03%) Military
8 3 (0.78%) Back Office
9 2 (0.52%) Electronics
9 2 (0.52%) Investment Banking
9 2 (0.52%) Legal
9 2 (0.52%) Marketing
9 2 (0.52%) Police
10 1 (0.26%) Automotive
10 1 (0.26%) German Language
Job Titles
1 70 (18.09%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 51 (13.18%) Architect
3 31 (8.01%) Network Engineer
4 28 (7.24%) Security Engineer
5 27 (6.98%) Consultant
6 22 (5.68%) Active Directory Engineer
7 20 (5.17%) Developer
8 15 (3.88%) Administrator
8 15 (3.88%) Infrastructure Architect
8 15 (3.88%) Security Architect
9 14 (3.62%) Support Engineer
10 13 (3.36%) Analyst
10 13 (3.36%) Azure Developer
10 13 (3.36%) Security Specialist
11 11 (2.84%) DevOps Engineer
12 10 (2.58%) 3rd Line Engineer
12 10 (2.58%) DevSecOps Engineer
12 10 (2.58%) Systems Engineer
12 10 (2.58%) Windows Engineer
13 9 (2.33%) Network Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 63 (16.28%) LDAP
2 40 (10.34%) SOAP
2 40 (10.34%) XML
3 39 (10.08%) SAML
4 38 (9.82%) REST
5 35 (9.04%) JSON
6 33 (8.53%) OpenID
7 28 (7.24%) Node.js
8 23 (5.94%) OAuth
9 21 (5.43%) 802.1X
9 21 (5.43%) Web Services
10 17 (4.39%) .NET
11 15 (3.88%) Middleware
12 14 (3.62%) OAuth2
13 7 (1.81%) Java EE
13 7 (1.81%) Spring
14 6 (1.55%) Keycloak
15 5 (1.29%) Elastic Stack
15 5 (1.29%) SailPoint
15 5 (1.29%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 44 (11.37%) Data Centre
2 29 (7.49%) Analytical Skills
3 22 (5.68%) Management Information System
4 16 (4.13%) Replication
5 13 (3.36%) Public Cloud
6 12 (3.10%) Clustering
6 12 (3.10%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (3.10%) Fat Client
6 12 (3.10%) Thin Client
7 9 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
8 7 (1.81%) Driving Licence
8 7 (1.81%) Security Operations Centre
9 6 (1.55%) Private Cloud
10 5 (1.29%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 5 (1.29%) Greenfield Project
10 5 (1.29%) N-Tier
11 4 (1.03%) Analytical Mindset
11 4 (1.03%) Cloud Native
11 4 (1.03%) Grid Computing
12 3 (0.78%) IPTV
Operating Systems
1 184 (47.55%) Windows
2 93 (24.03%) Windows Server
3 58 (14.99%) Windows Server 2012
4 54 (13.95%) Linux
5 34 (8.79%) Unix
6 32 (8.27%) Windows 10
7 25 (6.46%) Windows Server 2008
8 19 (4.91%) Windows 7
9 14 (3.62%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 14 (3.62%) Windows 8
10 13 (3.36%) Windows Server 2003
11 11 (2.84%) VMS
12 6 (1.55%) CentOS
12 6 (1.55%) Windows XP
13 5 (1.29%) AIX
13 5 (1.29%) Android
14 2 (0.52%) Apple iOS
14 2 (0.52%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.52%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.52%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 82 (21.19%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 66 (17.05%) Agile Software Development
3 64 (16.54%) DevOps
4 53 (13.70%) Migration
5 47 (12.14%) Identity Access Management
6 43 (11.11%) ITIL
7 39 (10.08%) Problem-Solving
8 36 (9.30%) Continuous Integration
9 31 (8.01%) Change Control
10 27 (6.98%) Change Management
11 24 (6.20%) Disaster Recovery
11 24 (6.20%) Open Source
11 24 (6.20%) Stakeholder Management
11 24 (6.20%) Test Automation
12 23 (5.94%) Identity Management
13 22 (5.68%) Cybersecurity
13 22 (5.68%) Mentoring
14 21 (5.43%) Security Architecture
14 21 (5.43%) SIEM
15 20 (5.17%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 101 (26.10%) PowerShell
2 54 (13.95%) Java
3 46 (11.89%) SQL
4 40 (10.34%) Bash Shell
4 40 (10.34%) Python
5 20 (5.17%) JavaScript
6 11 (2.84%) Go
7 9 (2.33%) C#
7 9 (2.33%) Ruby
7 9 (2.33%) Shell Script
8 8 (2.07%) C
9 7 (1.81%) VBScript
10 6 (1.55%) VB
11 5 (1.29%) ActionScript
11 5 (1.29%) ActionScript 2.0
11 5 (1.29%) TypeScript
12 4 (1.03%) Perl
13 3 (0.78%) Solidity
14 2 (0.52%) Java 8
14 2 (0.52%) PHP
Qualifications
1 146 (37.73%) Security Cleared
2 85 (21.96%) SC Cleared
3 52 (13.44%) DV Cleared
4 24 (6.20%) Microsoft Certification
5 18 (4.65%) Degree
6 15 (3.88%) Cisco Certification
7 14 (3.62%) MCSE
8 13 (3.36%) CCNP
9 9 (2.33%) MCTS
10 7 (1.81%) CCIE
10 7 (1.81%) CISSP
10 7 (1.81%) CREST Certified
10 7 (1.81%) ISTQB
10 7 (1.81%) OSCP
10 7 (1.81%) SANS
11 6 (1.55%) MCP
11 6 (1.55%) MCSA
12 5 (1.29%) CCENT
12 5 (1.29%) CCNA
12 5 (1.29%) JNCIA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 19 (4.91%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 17 (4.39%) PCI DSS
3 10 (2.58%) NCSC
4 6 (1.55%) NIST
5 5 (1.29%) COBIT
6 4 (1.03%) RMADS
7 3 (0.78%) GDPR
7 3 (0.78%) HL7
7 3 (0.78%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
8 1 (0.26%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.26%) ISO/IEC 19770
8 1 (0.26%) QA
8 1 (0.26%) SEPA
8 1 (0.26%) SLA
8 1 (0.26%) TARGET2
System Software
1 208 (53.75%) Active Directory
2 54 (13.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 53 (13.70%) Docker
4 32 (8.27%) XenApp
5 30 (7.75%) Hyper-V
6 24 (6.20%) XenDesktop
7 16 (4.13%) vSphere
8 14 (3.62%) DFS Replication
9 13 (3.36%) VMware ESXi
10 12 (3.10%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
10 12 (3.10%) Virtual Machines
11 11 (2.84%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 11 (2.84%) Virtual Servers
12 7 (1.81%) Citrix Hypervisor
12 7 (1.81%) Citrix Presentation Server
13 5 (1.29%) VMware NSX
14 4 (1.03%) BitLocker
14 4 (1.03%) NDS
14 4 (1.03%) NetIQ eDirectory
15 3 (0.78%) NFS
Systems Management
1 62 (16.02%) SCCM
2 29 (7.49%) Single Sign-On
3 27 (6.98%) SCOM
4 25 (6.46%) Ansible
5 21 (5.43%) Kubernetes
6 18 (4.65%) Terraform
7 11 (2.84%) WSUS
8 10 (2.58%) Microsoft Intune
9 9 (2.33%) McAfee ePO
10 7 (1.81%) Cisco Prime
10 7 (1.81%) Puppet
11 6 (1.55%) CA Single Sign-On
11 6 (1.55%) Opscode Chef
12 5 (1.29%) AirWatch
12 5 (1.29%) EMC NetWorker
12 5 (1.29%) Nessus
12 5 (1.29%) Netcool
12 5 (1.29%) OpenView Configuration Management
12 5 (1.29%) Packer
12 5 (1.29%) Sysdig
Vendors
1 154 (39.79%) Microsoft
2 71 (18.35%) VMware
3 55 (14.21%) Cisco
4 53 (13.70%) Citrix
5 23 (5.94%) Juniper
6 21 (5.43%) McAfee
6 21 (5.43%) Oracle
7 18 (4.65%) Dell
8 14 (3.62%) CA
9 13 (3.36%) Palo Alto
9 13 (3.36%) Red Hat
10 12 (3.10%) Google
10 12 (3.10%) Splunk
11 11 (2.84%) SolarWinds
12 9 (2.33%) HP
12 9 (2.33%) MobileIron
13 8 (2.07%) Aruba
13 8 (2.07%) CommVault
13 8 (2.07%) ForgeRock
13 8 (2.07%) Infoblox