Period
to 20 October 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 20 October 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
20 Oct 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 453 475 472
Rank change year-on-year +22 -3 +78
Contract jobs citing PKI 490 477 488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.49% 0.45% 0.43%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.47% 1.35% 1.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 282 322 289
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.50% +5.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £280 £305 £300
90th Percentile £674 £624 £579
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £420
% change year-on-year - +1.19% +10.16%
Number of hourly rates quoted 11 5 1
UK median hourly rate £32.00 £36.00 £32.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.11% +9.99% +5.58%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.00 £36.00 £32.73
% change year-on-year -11.11% +9.99% -27.27%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 33353 35380 37024
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.58% 33.29% 32.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 22051 23199 23416
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £240
90th Percentile £650 £625 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 997 1201 1453
UK median hourly rate £20.94 £20.00 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.68% +5.26% +1.60%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.63 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.00 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.21 £20.50 £18.25
% change year-on-year -1.41% +12.33% -0.05%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 October 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 20 October 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +53 429 £488 +2.63% 32
UK excluding London -1 262 £425 - 25
London +97 226 £525 +5.00% 11
South East -39 68 £500 +19.40% 10
Scotland +17 56 £425 +25.00% 3
North of England +20 54 £338 -2.17% 3
Midlands +50 39 £288 -15.44%
North West -7 32 £280 -31.08% 3
South West +10 22 £625 +23.46% 4
East Midlands +20 21 £280 -54.47%
Yorkshire +37 19 £481 +75.00%
East of England -8 19 £513 -6.82% 4
West Midlands +20 18 £400 +17.65%
Northern Ireland - 5 £324 -
North East +43 3 - -

For the 6 months to 20 October 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 184 (37.55%) Windows
2 159 (32.45%) Active Directory
3 148 (30.20%) Microsoft
4 147 (30.00%) Linux
5 131 (26.73%) Security Cleared
6 107 (21.84%) Firewall
6 107 (21.84%) Finance
7 98 (20.00%) VMware
8 95 (19.39%) Windows Server
9 83 (16.94%) DNS
10 82 (16.73%) Information Security
11 80 (16.33%) SSL
11 80 (16.33%) SIEM
12 78 (15.92%) Unix
13 76 (15.51%) SC Cleared
13 76 (15.51%) Agile Software Development
14 73 (14.90%) TCP/IP
15 71 (14.49%) LDAP
16 70 (14.29%) Cryptography
17 68 (13.88%) Java
18 66 (13.47%) IPsec
19 64 (13.06%) SQL
20 63 (12.86%) Amazon AWS
21 61 (12.45%) Python
22 60 (12.24%) Network Security
22 60 (12.24%) Cybersecurity
23 52 (10.61%) Data Centre
24 51 (10.41%) DevOps
24 51 (10.41%) DV Cleared
24 51 (10.41%) Kerberos

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (8.98%) MS Exchange
2 35 (7.14%) Apache
3 32 (6.53%) SharePoint
4 26 (5.31%) IIS
5 22 (4.49%) SAS
6 21 (4.29%) Tomcat
7 19 (3.88%) Skype for Business
8 16 (3.27%) CICS
8 16 (3.27%) MQSeries
9 15 (3.06%) JBoss
10 13 (2.65%) WebSphere
11 10 (2.04%) Exchange Server 2010
12 8 (1.63%) Exchange Server 2013
12 8 (1.63%) nginx
13 6 (1.22%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 5 (1.02%) IBM Notes
15 4 (0.82%) Exchange Server 2003
15 4 (0.82%) Oracle SOA Suite
16 2 (0.41%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 30 (6.12%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (5.31%) Microsoft Excel
3 22 (4.49%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.82%) Microsoft Project
5 2 (0.41%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
1 1 (0.20%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 63 (12.86%) Amazon AWS
2 44 (8.98%) Microsoft Azure
3 35 (7.14%) IaaS
4 33 (6.73%) Office 365
5 28 (5.71%) PaaS
6 17 (3.47%) SaaS
7 15 (3.06%) Azure Active Directory
8 11 (2.24%) Cloud Computing
8 11 (2.24%) Serverless
9 9 (1.84%) Amazon EC2
9 9 (1.84%) AWS CloudFormation
10 7 (1.43%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (1.43%) Route 53
11 6 (1.22%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (1.22%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.22%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 5 (1.02%) Slack
13 4 (0.82%) Google Cloud Platform
14 2 (0.41%) Amazon ELB
15 1 (0.20%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 107 (21.84%) Firewall
2 83 (16.94%) DNS
3 80 (16.33%) SSL
4 73 (14.90%) TCP/IP
5 71 (14.49%) LDAP
6 66 (13.47%) IPsec
7 60 (12.24%) Network Security
8 51 (10.41%) Kerberos
9 46 (9.39%) VPN
10 30 (6.12%) DHCP
11 29 (5.92%) HTTPS
12 27 (5.51%) SAN
12 27 (5.51%) SSH
13 26 (5.31%) HTTP
14 23 (4.69%) LAN
15 21 (4.29%) Internet
15 21 (4.29%) Reverse Proxy
16 16 (3.27%) Cisco ASA
16 16 (3.27%) VoIP
16 16 (3.27%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 30 (6.12%) SQL Server
2 27 (5.51%) DB2
3 13 (2.65%) Relational Database
4 9 (1.84%) MongoDB
5 8 (1.63%) MySQL
5 8 (1.63%) RDBMS
6 7 (1.43%) SQLite
7 6 (1.22%) Big Data
8 4 (0.82%) Amazon RDS
8 4 (0.82%) NoSQL
8 4 (0.82%) PostgreSQL
8 4 (0.82%) SQL Server 2012
9 3 (0.61%) SQL Server 2008
10 2 (0.41%) MSDE
10 2 (0.41%) Oracle Database
11 1 (0.20%) Azure SQL Database
11 1 (0.20%) Blockchain
11 1 (0.20%) Data Lake
11 1 (0.20%) EDRMS
11 1 (0.20%) VoltDB
Development Applications
1 19 (3.88%) Git (software)
1 19 (3.88%) Jenkins
2 16 (3.27%) JIRA
3 14 (2.86%) Maven
4 9 (1.84%) Sonatype Nexus
5 8 (1.63%) Subversion
6 7 (1.43%) Visual Studio
7 6 (1.22%) Bitbucket
7 6 (1.22%) GitLab
8 4 (0.82%) FishEye
8 4 (0.82%) Metasploit
8 4 (0.82%) Xcode
9 3 (0.61%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.41%) Cucumber
10 2 (0.41%) Fiddler
10 2 (0.41%) Grunt
10 2 (0.41%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.41%) webpack
11 1 (0.20%) Ant
General
1 107 (21.84%) Finance
2 29 (5.92%) Telecoms
3 22 (4.49%) Banking
4 13 (2.65%) Legal
4 13 (2.65%) Manufacturing
5 12 (2.45%) Electronics
5 12 (2.45%) Marketing
6 9 (1.84%) Retail
7 8 (1.63%) Law
8 6 (1.22%) Financial Institution
9 5 (1.02%) Local Government
10 4 (0.82%) Pharmaceutical
11 1 (0.20%) Aerospace
11 1 (0.20%) Military
Job Titles
1 105 (21.43%) Architect
2 71 (14.49%) Consultant
3 42 (8.57%) Analyst
4 41 (8.37%) Security Architect
5 37 (7.55%) Developer
6 35 (7.14%) Security Consultant
7 32 (6.53%) Security Analyst
8 26 (5.31%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 25 (5.10%) Administrator
10 23 (4.69%) Technical Architect
11 19 (3.88%) Security Engineer
12 17 (3.47%) Network Engineer
13 16 (3.27%) Systems Administrator
14 15 (3.06%) DevOps Engineer
15 13 (2.65%) Active Directory Consultant
15 13 (2.65%) Active Directory Specialist
15 13 (2.65%) Technical Analyst
16 12 (2.45%) IT Security Analyst
16 12 (2.45%) Support Engineer
16 12 (2.45%) Technical Security Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 39 (7.96%) SAML
2 33 (6.73%) REST
2 33 (6.73%) Web Services
3 26 (5.31%) SOAP
4 25 (5.10%) OpenID
5 22 (4.49%) Middleware
6 19 (3.88%) XML
7 17 (3.47%) .NET
8 16 (3.27%) ISPF
9 15 (3.06%) OAuth
9 15 (3.06%) SailPoint
10 14 (2.86%) Java EE
10 14 (2.86%) RESTful
11 13 (2.65%) 802.1X
12 11 (2.24%) JSON
12 11 (2.24%) Node.js
13 10 (2.04%) XSLT
14 9 (1.84%) OAuth2
15 8 (1.63%) SPNEGO
16 7 (1.43%) XMPP
Miscellaneous
1 52 (10.61%) Data Centre
2 23 (4.69%) Management Information System
3 22 (4.49%) Mainframe
4 19 (3.88%) Analytical Skills
5 18 (3.67%) Algorithms
6 16 (3.27%) Client/Server
7 15 (3.06%) Computer Science
8 12 (2.45%) Hybrid Cloud
9 11 (2.24%) Cloud Native
9 11 (2.24%) Linux Command Line
10 10 (2.04%) CESG
10 10 (2.04%) Cyberthreat
10 10 (2.04%) Smartcard
11 8 (1.63%) Public Cloud
12 7 (1.43%) DataPower
13 6 (1.22%) Private Cloud
13 6 (1.22%) User Experience
13 6 (1.22%) Virtual Team
14 5 (1.02%) Fintech
14 5 (1.02%) YubiKey
Operating Systems
1 184 (37.55%) Windows
2 147 (30.00%) Linux
3 95 (19.39%) Windows Server
4 78 (15.92%) Unix
5 39 (7.96%) Windows Server 2012
6 35 (7.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 33 (6.73%) Windows Server 2008
8 23 (4.69%) Windows Server 2003
9 19 (3.88%) CentOS
10 16 (3.27%) zOS
11 10 (2.04%) Windows 10
12 7 (1.43%) Solaris
12 7 (1.43%) Windows 7
13 6 (1.22%) Windows 2000 Server
14 5 (1.02%) Apple iOS
15 4 (0.82%) HPUX
16 3 (0.61%) Windows 2000
17 2 (0.41%) AIX
17 2 (0.41%) Embedded Linux
17 2 (0.41%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 82 (16.73%) Information Security
2 80 (16.33%) SIEM
3 76 (15.51%) Agile Software Development
4 70 (14.29%) Cryptography
5 60 (12.24%) Cybersecurity
6 51 (10.41%) DevOps
6 51 (10.41%) Migration
7 45 (9.18%) ITIL
8 43 (8.78%) Configuration Management
9 41 (8.37%) Identity Access Management
10 34 (6.94%) Incident Management
11 32 (6.53%) Open Source
12 31 (6.33%) Vulnerability Management
13 29 (5.92%) SDLC
14 25 (5.10%) Penetration Testing
15 24 (4.90%) Continuous Integration
15 24 (4.90%) Security Operations
15 24 (4.90%) Time Management
16 23 (4.69%) Identity Management
16 23 (4.69%) Security Management
Programming Languages
1 68 (13.88%) Java
2 64 (13.06%) SQL
3 61 (12.45%) Python
4 47 (9.59%) PowerShell
5 38 (7.76%) Perl
6 34 (6.94%) Ruby
7 27 (5.51%) Shell Script
8 18 (3.67%) Bash Shell
9 17 (3.47%) JCL
10 16 (3.27%) Assembly Language
10 16 (3.27%) CLIST
10 16 (3.27%) REXX
11 15 (3.06%) C-shell
11 15 (3.06%) Korn
12 12 (2.45%) Go
13 11 (2.24%) JavaScript
14 9 (1.84%) C++
15 8 (1.63%) C#
16 4 (0.82%) Apple Swift
16 4 (0.82%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 131 (26.73%) Security Cleared
2 76 (15.51%) SC Cleared
3 51 (10.41%) DV Cleared
4 45 (9.18%) CISSP
5 34 (6.94%) Microsoft Certification
6 33 (6.73%) Degree
7 23 (4.69%) Cisco Certification
8 21 (4.29%) CISM
8 21 (4.29%) MCSE
9 15 (3.06%) BPSS Clearance
9 15 (3.06%) CRISC
10 12 (2.45%) MCSA
11 10 (2.04%) Computer Science Degree
11 10 (2.04%) SANS
12 8 (1.63%) CCNP
12 8 (1.63%) CGEIT
13 7 (1.43%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 7 (1.43%) CCIE
13 7 (1.43%) RHCE
13 7 (1.43%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 30 (6.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 22 (4.49%) PCI DSS
3 13 (2.65%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 12 (2.45%) COBIT
5 11 (2.24%) GDPR
6 8 (1.63%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (1.02%) FIPS 140-2
8 4 (0.82%) QA
9 2 (0.41%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.41%) RMADS
9 2 (0.41%) SLA
10 1 (0.20%) ECSS
10 1 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
System Software
1 159 (32.45%) Active Directory
2 39 (7.96%) VMware Infrastructure
3 25 (5.10%) Hyper-V
4 16 (3.27%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 16 (3.27%) RACF
4 16 (3.27%) Time Sharing Option
5 15 (3.06%) VMware ESXi
6 14 (2.86%) vSphere
7 12 (2.45%) FreeRADIUS
8 9 (1.84%) Virtual Machines
9 7 (1.43%) Docker
9 7 (1.43%) XenApp
10 6 (1.22%) VMware Server
11 4 (0.82%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 4 (0.82%) Citrix Presentation Server
11 4 (0.82%) iptables
11 4 (0.82%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 4 (0.82%) Postfix
11 4 (0.82%) Samba
11 4 (0.82%) Squid
Systems Management
1 41 (8.37%) Puppet
2 36 (7.35%) Opscode Chef
3 33 (6.73%) SCOM
4 30 (6.12%) Ansible
5 16 (3.27%) zSecure
6 15 (3.06%) SCCM
7 13 (2.65%) Salt
8 10 (2.04%) Nessus
8 10 (2.04%) WSUS
9 9 (1.84%) NetBackup
10 8 (1.63%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 7 (1.43%) CA Single Sign-On
11 7 (1.43%) Netcool
11 7 (1.43%) Norton AntiVirus
12 6 (1.22%) McAfee ePO
12 6 (1.22%) Nmap
12 6 (1.22%) Rsyslog
12 6 (1.22%) SCSM
12 6 (1.22%) SCVMM
13 5 (1.02%) WMI
Vendors
1 148 (30.20%) Microsoft
2 98 (20.00%) VMware
3 47 (9.59%) Cisco
4 43 (8.78%) Red Hat
5 42 (8.57%) Citrix
6 35 (7.14%) Juniper
7 33 (6.73%) CA
7 33 (6.73%) IBM
8 31 (6.33%) Oracle
9 30 (6.12%) HP
10 29 (5.92%) F5
11 27 (5.51%) Sybase
12 21 (4.29%) ForgeRock
13 18 (3.67%) Palo Alto
14 17 (3.47%) McAfee
14 17 (3.47%) SolarWinds
15 13 (2.65%) Gemalto
16 11 (2.24%) Apple
16 11 (2.24%) CheckPoint
16 11 (2.24%) SAP