Period
to 31 March 2020

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 31 March 2020 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
31 Mar 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 383 521 508
Rank change year-on-year +138 -13 +1
Contract jobs citing PKI 369 400 422
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.41% 0.41%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.86% 1.30% 1.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 214 269 269
Median daily rate £488 £500 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.50% +8.11% +2.78%
10th Percentile £350 £350 £260
90th Percentile £640 £725 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £450 £352
% change year-on-year +5.56% +28.02% -12.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 15 7
Median hourly rate £50.50 £15.37 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +228.56% -63.84% -
10th Percentile £35.86 £12.00 £30.45
90th Percentile £64.63 £47.30 £59.01
UK excluding London median hourly rate £50.50 £15.37 £32.50
% change year-on-year +228.56% -52.71% -23.53%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 19,852 30,681 33,322
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.83% 31.81% 32.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 12,331 19,908 21,888
Median daily rate £473 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.53% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £233 £275 £263
90th Percentile £675 £663 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 965 993 1,026
Median hourly rate £25.50 £20.86 £21.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.27% -3.89% +9.85%
10th Percentile £12.61 £11.85 £11.78
90th Percentile £53.00 £50.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate £22.00 £19.75 £21.00
% change year-on-year +11.39% -5.95% +16.67%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing PKI.

Daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 31 March 2020.

Daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing PKI.

Hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 31 March 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 31 March 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +99 318 £500 - 64
UK excluding London +131 269 £475 +5.56% 48
London +73 85 £600 - 17
South East +66 67 £475 - 15
South West +50 65 £500 +11.11% 5
Midlands +86 47 £575 +53.33% 11
West Midlands +73 39 £575 +43.75% 9
Scotland +48 39 £375 -9.09%
North of England +75 28 £400 - 10
East of England +48 24 £475 +18.75% 6
North West +52 22 £400 +17.65% 5
Work from Home +27 14 £488 +9.55% 6
East Midlands +29 8 £500 +44.40% 2
Yorkshire +38 4 £438 +9.38%
North East +28 2 - - 5
Wales +13 1 £550 +22.22% 1

For the 6 months to 31 March 2020, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 194 (52.57%) Active Directory
2 176 (47.70%) Windows
3 147 (39.84%) Microsoft
3 147 (39.84%) Security Cleared
4 117 (31.71%) DNS
5 108 (29.27%) Azure
6 94 (25.47%) Windows Server
7 89 (24.12%) PowerShell
8 87 (23.58%) DHCP
9 85 (23.04%) SC Cleared
10 81 (21.95%) Firewall
11 75 (20.33%) AWS
12 74 (20.05%) VMware
13 69 (18.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
14 68 (18.43%) DevOps
15 67 (18.16%) Agile Software Development
16 64 (17.34%) LDAP
17 63 (17.07%) Java
18 60 (16.26%) Windows Server 2012
19 58 (15.72%) Migration
20 52 (14.09%) Docker
21 51 (13.82%) Office 365
21 51 (13.82%) SQL Server
21 51 (13.82%) DV Cleared
21 51 (13.82%) VMware Infrastructure
22 49 (13.28%) Linux
22 49 (13.28%) Identity Access Management
23 48 (13.01%) SCCM
24 45 (12.20%) SOAP
24 45 (12.20%) REST

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 32 (8.67%) SharePoint
2 31 (8.40%) Skype for Business
3 27 (7.32%) Confluence
4 17 (4.61%) MS Exchange
5 13 (3.52%) IIS
6 12 (3.25%) Apache
7 10 (2.71%) JBoss
8 7 (1.90%) Exchange Server 2013
9 6 (1.63%) Apache ServiceMix
10 5 (1.36%) Exchange Server 2003
11 4 (1.08%) Elasticsearch
11 4 (1.08%) Exchange Server 2010
11 4 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 4 (1.08%) Oracle Workflow
11 4 (1.08%) Red Hat Fuse
11 4 (1.08%) WebSphere
12 3 (0.81%) Tomcat
13 2 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
13 2 (0.54%) Jetty
13 2 (0.54%) Umbraco
Applications
1 8 (2.17%) Microsoft Office
2 3 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.81%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.27%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 108 (29.27%) Azure
2 75 (20.33%) AWS
3 51 (13.82%) Office 365
4 44 (11.92%) Azure Active Directory
5 22 (5.96%) PaaS
6 21 (5.69%) IaaS
7 16 (4.34%) SaaS
8 15 (4.07%) GCP
9 11 (2.98%) Power Platform
10 9 (2.44%) OneDrive
10 9 (2.44%) Serverless
11 6 (1.63%) Amazon EC2
11 6 (1.63%) Apigee
11 6 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
12 5 (1.36%) Yammer
13 4 (1.08%) Akamai
13 4 (1.08%) Google Compute Engine
14 3 (0.81%) Amazon ELB
14 3 (0.81%) PowerApps
14 3 (0.81%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 117 (31.71%) DNS
2 87 (23.58%) DHCP
3 81 (21.95%) Firewall
4 42 (11.38%) Skype
4 42 (11.38%) SSL
5 34 (9.21%) Network Security
6 33 (8.94%) Kerberos
7 32 (8.67%) VPN
8 31 (8.40%) IPsec
9 28 (7.59%) TCP/IP
10 26 (7.05%) WAN
11 18 (4.88%) MPLS
12 17 (4.61%) LAN
12 17 (4.61%) VLAN
13 16 (4.34%) NetScaler
14 15 (4.07%) X.500
15 13 (3.52%) HTTP
16 11 (2.98%) Internet
16 11 (2.98%) SAN
17 9 (2.44%) BGP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 51 (13.82%) SQL Server
2 8 (2.17%) Data Warehouse
2 8 (2.17%) MySQL
2 8 (2.17%) Power BI
3 7 (1.90%) Big Data
3 7 (1.90%) PostgreSQL
3 7 (1.90%) SQL Server 2016
4 6 (1.63%) Blockchain
4 6 (1.63%) MongoDB
5 4 (1.08%) Apache Accumulo
5 4 (1.08%) Cosmos DB
5 4 (1.08%) Hadoop
5 4 (1.08%) Relational Database
6 2 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
6 2 (0.54%) DB2
7 1 (0.27%) SQL Server 2012
7 1 (0.27%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 28 (7.59%) JIRA
2 26 (7.05%) Jenkins
3 11 (2.98%) Bitbucket
3 11 (2.98%) Git (software)
3 11 (2.98%) GitLab
4 8 (2.17%) Maven
5 5 (1.36%) Artifactory
5 5 (1.36%) Team Foundation Server
6 4 (1.08%) Eclipse
6 4 (1.08%) Visual Studio
7 3 (0.81%) Robot Framework
7 3 (0.81%) TestRail
7 3 (0.81%) Travis CI
7 3 (0.81%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 2 (0.54%) Ant
8 2 (0.54%) Gradle
8 2 (0.54%) IBM UrbanCode
9 1 (0.27%) Fiddler
9 1 (0.27%) Selenium
9 1 (0.27%) Visual Studio Team System
General
1 37 (10.03%) Public Sector
2 29 (7.86%) Finance
3 14 (3.79%) Banking
4 7 (1.90%) Telecoms
5 6 (1.63%) Local Government
5 6 (1.63%) Military
6 5 (1.36%) Retail
7 4 (1.08%) Manufacturing
8 3 (0.81%) Aerospace
8 3 (0.81%) Back Office
8 3 (0.81%) Legal
8 3 (0.81%) Police
9 2 (0.54%) Investment Banking
10 1 (0.27%) Automotive
10 1 (0.27%) Electronics
10 1 (0.27%) German Language
10 1 (0.27%) Marketing
Job Titles
1 60 (16.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
2 58 (15.72%) Architect
3 28 (7.59%) Consultant
4 26 (7.05%) Security Engineer
5 24 (6.50%) Developer
5 24 (6.50%) Network Engineer
6 16 (4.34%) Active Directory Engineer
6 16 (4.34%) Azure Developer
7 15 (4.07%) Infrastructure Architect
8 14 (3.79%) Analyst
8 14 (3.79%) Support Engineer
9 13 (3.52%) 3rd Line Engineer
10 12 (3.25%) Security Architect
11 10 (2.71%) 3rd Line Network Engineer
11 10 (2.71%) DevSecOps Engineer
11 10 (2.71%) Security Specialist
11 10 (2.71%) Senior Developer
12 9 (2.44%) Windows Engineer
13 8 (2.17%) AWS Architect
13 8 (2.17%) Web Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 64 (17.34%) LDAP
2 45 (12.20%) REST
2 45 (12.20%) SOAP
3 44 (11.92%) SAML
4 41 (11.11%) XML
5 36 (9.76%) OpenID
6 31 (8.40%) Node.js
7 29 (7.86%) JSON
8 21 (5.69%) OAuth
9 20 (5.42%) .NET
9 20 (5.42%) Web Services
10 13 (3.52%) 802.1X
11 12 (3.25%) Middleware
12 11 (2.98%) OAuth2
13 9 (2.44%) Spring
14 7 (1.90%) SailPoint
14 7 (1.90%) XSLT
15 6 (1.63%) EDI
15 6 (1.63%) Keycloak
15 6 (1.63%) Spring Boot
Miscellaneous
1 37 (10.03%) Data Centre
2 28 (7.59%) Analytical Skills
3 22 (5.96%) Management Information System
4 17 (4.61%) Public Cloud
5 13 (3.52%) Enterprise Software
6 12 (3.25%) Fat Client
6 12 (3.25%) Replication
6 12 (3.25%) Thin Client
7 11 (2.98%) Self-Motivation
8 8 (2.17%) Clustering
9 5 (1.36%) Greenfield Project
9 5 (1.36%) N-Tier
9 5 (1.36%) Security Operations Centre
9 5 (1.36%) User Experience
10 4 (1.08%) Analytical Mindset
10 4 (1.08%) Cloud Native
10 4 (1.08%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
10 4 (1.08%) Private Cloud
11 3 (0.81%) Algorithms
11 3 (0.81%) Mobile App
Operating Systems
1 176 (47.70%) Windows
2 94 (25.47%) Windows Server
3 60 (16.26%) Windows Server 2012
4 49 (13.28%) Linux
5 32 (8.67%) Windows Server 2016
6 31 (8.40%) Unix
6 31 (8.40%) Windows 10
7 19 (5.15%) Windows 7
7 19 (5.15%) Windows Server 2008
8 14 (3.79%) Windows 8
9 12 (3.25%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 11 (2.98%) VMS
10 11 (2.98%) Windows Server 2003
11 10 (2.71%) CentOS
12 6 (1.63%) Android
13 3 (0.81%) Apple iOS
14 2 (0.54%) Mac OS
14 2 (0.54%) Mac OS X
14 2 (0.54%) Solaris
14 2 (0.54%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (18.70%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 68 (18.43%) DevOps
3 67 (18.16%) Agile Software Development
4 58 (15.72%) Migration
5 49 (13.28%) Identity Access Management
6 40 (10.84%) ITIL
7 36 (9.76%) Continuous Integration
8 29 (7.86%) Change Control
9 27 (7.32%) Test Automation
10 26 (7.05%) Open Source
10 26 (7.05%) Problem-Solving
11 25 (6.78%) Stakeholder Management
12 24 (6.50%) Identity Management
13 23 (6.23%) Kanban
13 23 (6.23%) Load Balancing
14 21 (5.69%) Change Management
15 20 (5.42%) High Availability
16 19 (5.15%) Microservices
16 19 (5.15%) Service Management
17 18 (4.88%) Validation
Programming Languages
1 89 (24.12%) PowerShell
2 63 (17.07%) Java
3 42 (11.38%) SQL
4 39 (10.57%) Bash Shell
5 31 (8.40%) Python
6 24 (6.50%) JavaScript
7 9 (2.44%) C#
7 9 (2.44%) Go
7 9 (2.44%) Ruby
8 7 (1.90%) Shell Script
9 6 (1.63%) ActionScript
9 6 (1.63%) ActionScript 2.0
9 6 (1.63%) C
9 6 (1.63%) Perl
9 6 (1.63%) VB
10 5 (1.36%) TypeScript
10 5 (1.36%) VBScript
11 4 (1.08%) C++
12 3 (0.81%) PHP
12 3 (0.81%) Solidity
Qualifications
1 147 (39.84%) Security Cleared
2 85 (23.04%) SC Cleared
3 51 (13.82%) DV Cleared
4 27 (7.32%) Microsoft Certification
5 11 (2.98%) MCSE
6 10 (2.71%) Degree
7 6 (1.63%) Cisco Certification
7 6 (1.63%) CISSP
7 6 (1.63%) MCP
8 5 (1.36%) CCNA
8 5 (1.36%) CREST Certified
8 5 (1.36%) JNCIA
8 5 (1.36%) MCTS
9 4 (1.08%) ISTQB
9 4 (1.08%) MCSA
9 4 (1.08%) OSCP
10 3 (0.81%) CCNP
10 3 (0.81%) Linux+ Certification
10 3 (0.81%) SANS
10 3 (0.81%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 17 (4.61%) PCI DSS
2 15 (4.07%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (2.71%) NCSC
4 5 (1.36%) COBIT
5 4 (1.08%) RMADS
6 3 (0.81%) GDPR
6 3 (0.81%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 2 (0.54%) HL7
7 2 (0.54%) NIST
7 2 (0.54%) SLA
8 1 (0.27%) ISO 20022
8 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 19770
8 1 (0.27%) SEPA
8 1 (0.27%) TARGET2
System Software
1 194 (52.57%) Active Directory
2 52 (14.09%) Docker
3 51 (13.82%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (7.86%) XenApp
5 24 (6.50%) Hyper-V
5 24 (6.50%) XenDesktop
6 16 (4.34%) vSphere
7 13 (3.52%) DFS Replication
8 12 (3.25%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
8 12 (3.25%) Virtual Machines
8 12 (3.25%) Virtual Servers
8 12 (3.25%) VMware ESXi
9 11 (2.98%) Microsoft Virtual Server
10 7 (1.90%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 5 (1.36%) Citrix Presentation Server
11 5 (1.36%) NDS
11 5 (1.36%) NFS
12 4 (1.08%) NetIQ eDirectory
12 4 (1.08%) Virtual Desktop
13 3 (0.81%) BitLocker
Systems Management
1 48 (13.01%) SCCM
2 31 (8.40%) Single Sign-On
3 21 (5.69%) Kubernetes
4 18 (4.88%) SCOM
4 18 (4.88%) Terraform
5 17 (4.61%) Ansible
6 10 (2.71%) Microsoft Intune
7 9 (2.44%) WSUS
8 7 (1.90%) CA Single Sign-On
9 6 (1.63%) Opscode Chef
10 5 (1.36%) AirWatch
10 5 (1.36%) EMC NetWorker
10 5 (1.36%) Nessus
10 5 (1.36%) Puppet
10 5 (1.36%) Sysdig
11 4 (1.08%) Cisco Prime
11 4 (1.08%) NetIQ Identity Manager
11 4 (1.08%) OpenView Configuration Management
12 3 (0.81%) Salt
12 3 (0.81%) WhatsUp Gold
Vendors
1 147 (39.84%) Microsoft
2 74 (20.05%) VMware
3 43 (11.65%) Cisco
4 41 (11.11%) Citrix
5 26 (7.05%) Juniper
6 18 (4.88%) CA
7 17 (4.61%) Red Hat
8 16 (4.34%) Dell
9 13 (3.52%) Oracle
10 12 (3.25%) McAfee
11 11 (2.98%) Google
12 10 (2.71%) CommVault
13 9 (2.44%) ForgeRock
14 8 (2.17%) HP
14 8 (2.17%) MobileIron
14 8 (2.17%) Splunk
15 6 (1.63%) EMC
15 6 (1.63%) Forcepoint
15 6 (1.63%) Ivanti
15 6 (1.63%) Sonus