Period
to 22 May 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 22 May 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
22 May 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 507 481 524
Rank change year-on-year -26 +43 -77
Contract jobs citing PKI 373 455 323
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.41% 0.45% 0.36%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.24% 1.36% 1.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 252 292 184
UK median daily rate £515 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.44% - -
10th Percentile £350 £260 £315
90th Percentile £723 £636 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £400 £425
% change year-on-year +18.75% -5.88% -5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 7 9
UK median hourly rate £12.00 £31.00 £50.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -61.29% -38.00% +56.07%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £12.00 £30.25 £50.00
% change year-on-year -60.33% -39.50% +56.07%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 30,085 33,338 29,829
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.08% 33.11% 33.09%
Number of daily rates quoted 19,582 21,843 19,330
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.27% +3.53%
10th Percentile £287 £269 £263
90th Percentile £668 £650 £637
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +4.94% +1.25% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,001 1,021 1,038
UK median hourly rate £20.69 £21.70 £19.68
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.65% +10.25% -6.27%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.44 £11.25
90th Percentile £51.25 £51.25 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.75 £20.53 £18.00
% change year-on-year -8.67% +14.06% -14.29%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 22 May 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 22 May 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 350 £525 +13.51% 18
UK excluding London -37 224 £475 +18.75% 16
London +15 143 £600 +15.38% 2
South East +13 98 £475 +5.56% 5
South West -5 43 £463 -9.76% 5
Midlands +11 28 £375 +25.00% 1
North of England -5 26 £475 +75.93% 3
West Midlands +4 20 £400 -1.54%
Scotland +12 15 £400 +37.93%
North West +10 13 £488 +74.11% 3
Yorkshire +14 12 £438 -20.45%
East Midlands +14 8 £365 +30.36% 1
East of England +3 8 £400 +1.91% 2
Isle of Man - 3 £350 -
Wales -15 2 - -
Northern Ireland - 2 £465 -
North East -9 1 £600 +130.77%

For the 6 months to 22 May 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 154 (41.29%) Windows
2 144 (38.61%) Microsoft
3 134 (35.92%) Active Directory
4 108 (28.95%) Security Cleared
5 104 (27.88%) DNS
5 104 (27.88%) Windows Server
6 93 (24.93%) VMware
7 92 (24.66%) Microsoft Azure
8 82 (21.98%) Firewall
9 72 (19.30%) DHCP
10 69 (18.50%) SQL
10 69 (18.50%) Agile Software Development
11 68 (18.23%) PowerShell
12 67 (17.96%) SC Cleared
12 67 (17.96%) Linux
13 65 (17.43%) Amazon AWS
14 64 (17.16%) Finance
15 63 (16.89%) Office 365
16 62 (16.62%) VMware Infrastructure
17 61 (16.35%) Java
18 55 (14.75%) Python
18 55 (14.75%) Windows Server 2012
19 53 (14.21%) Cisco
20 52 (13.94%) WAN
20 52 (13.94%) DV Cleared
21 51 (13.67%) SCCM
21 51 (13.67%) ITIL
21 51 (13.67%) Infrastructure Engineering
22 50 (13.40%) SIEM
22 50 (13.40%) LDAP

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (10.99%) Skype for Business
2 38 (10.19%) MS Exchange
3 31 (8.31%) SharePoint
4 30 (8.04%) Apache
5 26 (6.97%) Confluence
5 26 (6.97%) IIS
6 25 (6.70%) nginx
7 17 (4.56%) Tomcat
8 11 (2.95%) Exchange Server 2010
9 10 (2.68%) Elasticsearch
10 9 (2.41%) Exchange Server 2013
11 8 (2.14%) Cloud Foundry
12 7 (1.88%) Exchange Server 2003
13 5 (1.34%) JBoss
14 3 (0.80%) Anypoint
14 3 (0.80%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.80%) ColdFusion
14 3 (0.80%) Mule
15 2 (0.54%) OpenStack
15 2 (0.54%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 12 (3.22%) Microsoft Excel
2 11 (2.95%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 11 (2.95%) Microsoft Project
3 6 (1.61%) MS Visio
4 4 (1.07%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 1 (0.27%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 1 (0.27%) Veritas eDiscovery
Cloud Services
1 92 (24.66%) Microsoft Azure
2 65 (17.43%) Amazon AWS
3 63 (16.89%) Office 365
4 22 (5.90%) Azure Active Directory
5 20 (5.36%) Serverless
6 19 (5.09%) AWS Lambda
7 18 (4.83%) IaaS
8 17 (4.56%) Amazon EC2
8 17 (4.56%) Google Cloud Platform
9 16 (4.29%) PaaS
10 14 (3.75%) Amazon S3
10 14 (3.75%) AWS CloudFormation
10 14 (3.75%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 13 (3.49%) SaaS
12 10 (2.68%) Power Platform
13 9 (2.41%) Yammer
14 8 (2.14%) Apigee
15 7 (1.88%) GitHub
15 7 (1.88%) Route 53
16 6 (1.61%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 104 (27.88%) DNS
2 82 (21.98%) Firewall
3 72 (19.30%) DHCP
4 52 (13.94%) WAN
5 44 (11.80%) VPN
6 41 (10.99%) LAN
7 40 (10.72%) Network Security
8 38 (10.19%) SAN
9 35 (9.38%) Skype
10 34 (9.12%) SSL
11 31 (8.31%) TCP/IP
12 26 (6.97%) IPsec
13 22 (5.90%) Kerberos
14 17 (4.56%) HTTPS
15 16 (4.29%) Internet
15 16 (4.29%) Junos
15 16 (4.29%) VLAN
16 15 (4.02%) NetScaler
17 14 (3.75%) iSCSI
18 13 (3.49%) HTTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 42 (11.26%) SQL Server
2 18 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
3 12 (3.22%) MongoDB
4 10 (2.68%) MySQL
5 8 (2.14%) NoSQL
5 8 (2.14%) SQL Server 2016
6 5 (1.34%) Amazon RDS
7 4 (1.07%) Data Warehouse
7 4 (1.07%) Oracle Database
7 4 (1.07%) Power BI
7 4 (1.07%) Relational Database
8 3 (0.80%) SQL Server 2012
9 2 (0.54%) Big Data
9 2 (0.54%) HBase
10 1 (0.27%) RDBMS
10 1 (0.27%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 49 (13.14%) JIRA
2 21 (5.63%) Jenkins
3 17 (4.56%) Git (software)
4 13 (3.49%) Maven
5 9 (2.41%) SonarQube
6 8 (2.14%) Artifactory
6 8 (2.14%) Team Foundation Server
7 7 (1.88%) Atlassian Bamboo
8 5 (1.34%) Ant
8 5 (1.34%) Gradle
8 5 (1.34%) Metasploit
9 4 (1.07%) Babel
9 4 (1.07%) Bitbucket
9 4 (1.07%) CircleCI
9 4 (1.07%) Cobertura
9 4 (1.07%) MSI
9 4 (1.07%) webpack
10 3 (0.80%) AdminStudio
10 3 (0.80%) InstallShield
10 3 (0.80%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 64 (17.16%) Finance
2 26 (6.97%) Banking
3 10 (2.68%) Back Office
4 9 (2.41%) Investment Banking
5 7 (1.88%) Local Government
5 7 (1.88%) Military
5 7 (1.88%) Telecoms
6 5 (1.34%) Retail
7 4 (1.07%) Legal
7 4 (1.07%) Multimedia
7 4 (1.07%) Publishing
8 3 (0.80%) Electronics
9 2 (0.54%) Law
10 1 (0.27%) Advertising
10 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
10 1 (0.27%) Games
10 1 (0.27%) Spanish Language
Job Titles
1 82 (21.98%) Architect
2 45 (12.06%) Security Architect
3 42 (11.26%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 37 (9.92%) Network Engineer
5 32 (8.58%) Support Engineer
6 29 (7.77%) Security Engineer
7 20 (5.36%) Developer
8 18 (4.83%) Technical Architect
9 16 (4.29%) Design Engineer
10 14 (3.75%) Network Support
10 14 (3.75%) Network Support Engineer
10 14 (3.75%) Solutions Architect
10 14 (3.75%) Windows Engineer
11 13 (3.49%) Active Directory Engineer
11 13 (3.49%) Cloud Engineer
12 12 (3.22%) Server Engineer
13 11 (2.95%) Systems Engineer
14 10 (2.68%) Analyst
14 10 (2.68%) DV Cleared Network Engineer
14 10 (2.68%) Network Design Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 50 (13.40%) LDAP
2 32 (8.58%) SAML
3 23 (6.17%) XML
4 20 (5.36%) SailPoint
5 16 (4.29%) REST
6 14 (3.75%) .NET
6 14 (3.75%) HTML
6 14 (3.75%) WCF
7 13 (3.49%) Web Services
8 12 (3.22%) JSON
8 12 (3.22%) OAuth
8 12 (3.22%) RabbitMQ
9 11 (2.95%) 802.1X
10 10 (2.68%) OpenID
10 10 (2.68%) SPNEGO
10 10 (2.68%) Windows Identity Foundation
11 8 (2.14%) CSS
12 7 (1.88%) SOAP
12 7 (1.88%) Spring
12 7 (1.88%) WAP
Miscellaneous
1 36 (9.65%) Data Centre
2 32 (8.58%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (6.17%) Self-Motivation
4 19 (5.09%) Clustering
5 17 (4.56%) Management Information System
6 15 (4.02%) Greenfield Project
7 14 (3.75%) Blackberry
7 14 (3.75%) Hybrid Cloud
8 13 (3.49%) Fintech
9 12 (3.22%) Replication
10 11 (2.95%) Fat Client
10 11 (2.95%) Public Cloud
10 11 (2.95%) Thin Client
11 9 (2.41%) Cloud Native
12 8 (2.14%) Private Cloud
12 8 (2.14%) User Experience
13 6 (1.61%) Video Conferencing
14 5 (1.34%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
15 4 (1.07%) Algorithms
15 4 (1.07%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 154 (41.29%) Windows
2 104 (27.88%) Windows Server
3 67 (17.96%) Linux
4 55 (14.75%) Windows Server 2012
5 42 (11.26%) Windows 10
6 37 (9.92%) Unix
7 34 (9.12%) Windows Server 2008
8 14 (3.75%) Solaris
9 12 (3.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (3.22%) Windows 7
10 11 (2.95%) CentOS
10 11 (2.95%) Windows Server 2003
11 10 (2.68%) Debian
12 7 (1.88%) Ubuntu
13 4 (1.07%) Android
13 4 (1.07%) Kali Linux
14 3 (0.80%) VMS
14 3 (0.80%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.80%) Windows Vista
15 1 (0.27%) FreeBSD
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (18.50%) Agile Software Development
2 51 (13.67%) Infrastructure Engineering
2 51 (13.67%) ITIL
3 50 (13.40%) SIEM
4 48 (12.87%) Migration
5 45 (12.06%) DevOps
6 44 (11.80%) Identity Management
7 41 (10.99%) Identity Access Management
8 38 (10.19%) Problem-Solving
9 37 (9.92%) High Availability
9 37 (9.92%) Information Security
10 31 (8.31%) Security Architecture
11 28 (7.51%) Network Design
12 26 (6.97%) Cryptography
13 25 (6.70%) Cybersecurity
14 23 (6.17%) Vulnerability Management
15 20 (5.36%) Project Management
16 18 (4.83%) Test Automation
16 18 (4.83%) TOGAF
17 17 (4.56%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 69 (18.50%) SQL
2 68 (18.23%) PowerShell
3 61 (16.35%) Java
4 55 (14.75%) Python
5 22 (5.90%) JavaScript
6 17 (4.56%) C
6 17 (4.56%) C++
6 17 (4.56%) Shell Script
7 16 (4.29%) Go
8 11 (2.95%) Bash Shell
8 11 (2.95%) C#
8 11 (2.95%) VBScript
9 9 (2.41%) Ruby
10 6 (1.61%) Perl
11 3 (0.80%) Apex Code
11 3 (0.80%) Java 8
11 3 (0.80%) PHP
11 3 (0.80%) VB
12 2 (0.54%) TypeScript
13 1 (0.27%) R
Qualifications
1 108 (28.95%) Security Cleared
2 67 (17.96%) SC Cleared
3 52 (13.94%) DV Cleared
4 38 (10.19%) Cisco Certification
5 35 (9.38%) CISSP
6 33 (8.85%) Microsoft Certification
7 23 (6.17%) Degree
8 22 (5.90%) CCNP
9 17 (4.56%) CISM
9 17 (4.56%) MCSA
10 15 (4.02%) MCSE
11 12 (3.22%) CCNA
11 12 (3.22%) JNCIP
12 11 (2.95%) CCIE
13 9 (2.41%) JNCIA
14 7 (1.88%) AWS Certification
14 7 (1.88%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
15 6 (1.61%) CEH
15 6 (1.61%) CISA
16 5 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 11 (2.95%) PCI DSS
3 5 (1.34%) GDPR
4 3 (0.80%) RMADS
5 2 (0.54%) COBIT
5 2 (0.54%) ISO/IEC 27005
6 1 (0.27%) Cyber Essentials
6 1 (0.27%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.27%) ISO 22301
6 1 (0.27%) ISO 9001
6 1 (0.27%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
6 1 (0.27%) JSP 440
6 1 (0.27%) NIST 800
6 1 (0.27%) PMO
6 1 (0.27%) PSD2
6 1 (0.27%) QA
6 1 (0.27%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 134 (35.92%) Active Directory
2 62 (16.62%) VMware Infrastructure
3 39 (10.46%) Hyper-V
4 33 (8.85%) VMware ESXi
5 27 (7.24%) Docker
6 25 (6.70%) XenApp
7 15 (4.02%) XenDesktop
8 14 (3.75%) Microsoft App-V
9 12 (3.22%) Virtual Machines
9 12 (3.22%) vSphere
10 11 (2.95%) Citrix Hypervisor
11 8 (2.14%) Snort
12 7 (1.88%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 7 (1.88%) Squid
13 6 (1.61%) BitLocker
13 6 (1.61%) Firmware
13 6 (1.61%) OpenDJ
13 6 (1.61%) OpenIDM
14 5 (1.34%) Virtual Servers
15 4 (1.07%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
Systems Management
1 51 (13.67%) SCCM
2 34 (9.12%) Terraform
3 33 (8.85%) Kubernetes
4 30 (8.04%) SCOM
5 27 (7.24%) Ansible
5 27 (7.24%) Microsoft Intune
5 27 (7.24%) Single Sign-On
6 17 (4.56%) CA Single Sign-On
6 17 (4.56%) Forefront Identity Manager
6 17 (4.56%) Opscode Chef
7 14 (3.75%) Puppet
7 14 (3.75%) WSUS
8 10 (2.68%) AirWatch
9 8 (2.14%) FortiGate
9 8 (2.14%) Norton AntiVirus
9 8 (2.14%) Packer
10 7 (1.88%) HAProxy
10 7 (1.88%) HP Fortify
10 7 (1.88%) Kibana
11 6 (1.61%) vCenter Server
Vendors
1 144 (38.61%) Microsoft
2 93 (24.93%) VMware
3 53 (14.21%) Cisco
4 37 (9.92%) CA
5 35 (9.38%) Citrix
6 34 (9.12%) Juniper
7 21 (5.63%) SolarWinds
8 20 (5.36%) McAfee
9 19 (5.09%) Oracle
9 19 (5.09%) Splunk
10 17 (4.56%) BMC
10 17 (4.56%) Dell
10 17 (4.56%) Red Hat
11 15 (4.02%) ForgeRock
12 14 (3.75%) Google
12 14 (3.75%) ServiceNow
13 12 (3.22%) Atlassian
13 12 (3.22%) Fortinet
13 12 (3.22%) Symantec
14 11 (2.95%) EMC