Period
to 20 August 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 20 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
20 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 402 500 448
Rank change year-on-year +98 -52 +20
Contract jobs citing PKI 602 383 571
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.59% 0.40% 0.53%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.73% 1.17% 1.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 398 219 348
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £475
10th Percentile £280 £293 £310
90th Percentile £650 £602 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £410 £450
% change year-on-year +9.76% -8.89% +12.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 7 6
UK median hourly rate £36.75 £50.00 £29.79
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -26.50% +67.86% +47.57%
10th Percentile £19.20 £37.10 £23.52
90th Percentile £61.50 £51.00 £36.63
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.25 £50.00 £29.79
% change year-on-year -39.50% +67.86% +47.57%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,873 32,709 37,176
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.12% 34.19% 34.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,559 21,317 24,274
UK median daily rate £470 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.44% +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £656 £638 £622
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,059 1,035 1,259
UK median hourly rate £21.50 £20.50 £20.67
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +4.88% -0.82% +11.07%
10th Percentile £12.23 £11.25 £11.32
90th Percentile £51.00 £50.00 £47.16
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £19.50 £20.83
% change year-on-year +2.56% -6.39% +15.72%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 20 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 20 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +86 509 £495 +4.21% 91
UK excluding London +96 381 £450 +9.76% 62
London +6 210 £550 +2.33% 34
South East +78 148 £460 +2.22% 18
North of England -4 69 £280 -5.08% 10
Scotland -34 49 £290 -31.76%
Wales - 35 £450 - 5
East of England +15 33 £425 -12.82% 11
South West -2 29 £520 +9.47% 7
North East - 26 £260 -
Midlands -22 22 £600 +104.26% 11
North West -27 22 £280 -5.08% 8
Yorkshire -1 21 £488 +1.30% 2
West Midlands -11 18 £600 +50.00% 7
East Midlands -10 8 £600 +108.70% 4
Northern Ireland +23 2 - -

For the 6 months to 20 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 225 (37.38%) Windows
2 212 (35.22%) Security Cleared
3 208 (34.55%) Active Directory
4 195 (32.39%) Microsoft
5 181 (30.07%) Firewall
6 172 (28.57%) DNS
7 159 (26.41%) SC Cleared
8 144 (23.92%) Windows Server
9 129 (21.43%) VMware
10 115 (19.10%) Cisco
11 105 (17.44%) DHCP
12 101 (16.78%) VMware Infrastructure
13 99 (16.45%) Citrix
14 90 (14.95%) Microsoft Azure
15 89 (14.78%) Finance
16 88 (14.62%) PowerShell
17 86 (14.29%) LDAP
18 84 (13.95%) SQL
19 81 (13.46%) Linux
19 81 (13.46%) SCCM
20 78 (12.96%) Amazon AWS
20 78 (12.96%) DevOps
21 77 (12.79%) ITIL
21 77 (12.79%) Migration
22 73 (12.13%) SQL Server
22 73 (12.13%) Data Centre
22 73 (12.13%) Single Sign-On
23 72 (11.96%) Windows Server 2008
24 70 (11.63%) SIEM
25 69 (11.46%) MS Exchange

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 69 (11.46%) MS Exchange
2 55 (9.14%) IIS
3 54 (8.97%) SharePoint
4 50 (8.31%) Apache
5 38 (6.31%) Skype for Business
6 23 (3.82%) nginx
7 19 (3.16%) Confluence
7 19 (3.16%) Tomcat
8 14 (2.33%) Exchange Server 2010
9 12 (1.99%) CMS
10 10 (1.66%) Exchange Server 2003
10 10 (1.66%) Exchange Server 2013
10 10 (1.66%) SharePoint Server
11 8 (1.33%) Apache Solr
11 8 (1.33%) Mule
11 8 (1.33%) Mule ESB
11 8 (1.33%) OpenStack
11 8 (1.33%) Sitecore CMS
11 8 (1.33%) WebLogic Portal
12 3 (0.50%) MQSeries
Applications
1 20 (3.32%) Microsoft Office
2 13 (2.16%) Microsoft Excel
2 13 (2.16%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 10 (1.66%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.17%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.33%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
Cloud Services
1 90 (14.95%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (12.96%) Amazon AWS
3 55 (9.14%) Office 365
4 35 (5.81%) Azure Active Directory
5 24 (3.99%) PaaS
6 20 (3.32%) Serverless
7 19 (3.16%) IaaS
8 16 (2.66%) Yammer
9 15 (2.49%) AWS Lambda
9 15 (2.49%) GitHub
10 13 (2.16%) SaaS
11 11 (1.83%) AWS CloudFormation
12 8 (1.33%) Akamai
13 7 (1.16%) Amazon EC2
13 7 (1.16%) Cloud Computing
14 6 (1.00%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 6 (1.00%) AWS CloudTrail
14 6 (1.00%) Google Cloud Platform
14 6 (1.00%) npm
15 5 (0.83%) Azure Functions
Communications & Networking
1 181 (30.07%) Firewall
2 172 (28.57%) DNS
3 105 (17.44%) DHCP
4 68 (11.30%) Network Security
5 64 (10.63%) SSL
6 58 (9.63%) Kerberos
7 56 (9.30%) TCP/IP
8 54 (8.97%) VPN
9 43 (7.14%) Internet
10 37 (6.15%) Cisco ASA
11 32 (5.32%) LAN
12 31 (5.15%) SAN
13 30 (4.98%) IPsec
14 28 (4.65%) WAN
15 27 (4.49%) Skype
16 26 (4.32%) VLAN
17 24 (3.99%) HTTP
18 18 (2.99%) Intrusion Detection
19 17 (2.82%) NetScaler
19 17 (2.82%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 73 (12.13%) SQL Server
2 17 (2.82%) Hadoop
3 13 (2.16%) MongoDB
3 13 (2.16%) SQL Server 2008
4 12 (1.99%) Oracle Database
5 10 (1.66%) PostgreSQL
6 9 (1.50%) NoSQL
6 9 (1.50%) Oracle Database 10g
7 8 (1.33%) Big Data
7 8 (1.33%) Endeca
7 8 (1.33%) SQL Server 2012
8 7 (1.16%) HBase
8 7 (1.16%) MySQL
9 5 (0.83%) Cosmos DB
9 5 (0.83%) RDBMS
9 5 (0.83%) Relational Database
9 5 (0.83%) SQL Server 2005
10 3 (0.50%) DB2
11 2 (0.33%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (0.33%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 31 (5.15%) JIRA
2 28 (4.65%) Jenkins
3 18 (2.99%) Bitbucket
4 15 (2.49%) Git (software)
5 12 (1.99%) Maven
6 9 (1.50%) Artifactory
7 6 (1.00%) Team Foundation Server
8 5 (0.83%) GitLab
8 5 (0.83%) SonarQube
8 5 (0.83%) Vagrant
8 5 (0.83%) Visual Studio Team System
9 2 (0.33%) GDB
9 2 (0.33%) git-flow
9 2 (0.33%) IBM UrbanCode
9 2 (0.33%) Selenium
9 2 (0.33%) Visual Studio
10 1 (0.17%) Cucumber
10 1 (0.17%) Hudson
10 1 (0.17%) NeoLoad
10 1 (0.17%) SoapUI
General
1 89 (14.78%) Finance
2 57 (9.47%) Banking
3 15 (2.49%) Telecoms
4 12 (1.99%) Local Government
4 12 (1.99%) Military
5 7 (1.16%) Electronics
6 6 (1.00%) Manufacturing
6 6 (1.00%) Multimedia
7 5 (0.83%) Legal
8 4 (0.66%) Aerospace
8 4 (0.66%) Investment Banking
8 4 (0.66%) Marketing
9 3 (0.50%) Advertising
9 3 (0.50%) Retail
10 2 (0.33%) Financial Institution
10 2 (0.33%) Law
11 1 (0.17%) Avionics
11 1 (0.17%) Dutch Language
11 1 (0.17%) French Language
11 1 (0.17%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 100 (16.61%) Architect
2 67 (11.13%) Security Engineer
3 64 (10.63%) Security Architect
4 57 (9.47%) Consultant
5 55 (9.14%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 37 (6.15%) Support Engineer
7 36 (5.98%) Network Engineer
8 30 (4.98%) Developer
9 28 (4.65%) Analyst
9 28 (4.65%) Security Consultant
10 25 (4.15%) Wintel Engineer
11 21 (3.49%) Mobility Engineer
12 18 (2.99%) Java Developer
13 17 (2.82%) Administrator
13 17 (2.82%) Security Analyst
13 17 (2.82%) Server Engineer
14 16 (2.66%) Network Security Engineer
15 15 (2.49%) Security Specialist
16 14 (2.33%) AWS Engineer
16 14 (2.33%) Cloud Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 86 (14.29%) LDAP
2 59 (9.80%) SAML
3 43 (7.14%) OAuth
4 24 (3.99%) Web Services
4 24 (3.99%) XML
5 22 (3.65%) SPNEGO
6 21 (3.49%) JSON
7 20 (3.32%) RESTful
8 19 (3.16%) REST
9 17 (2.82%) 802.1X
9 17 (2.82%) SOAP
9 17 (2.82%) WCF
10 16 (2.66%) SailPoint
11 15 (2.49%) .NET
11 15 (2.49%) OAuth2
12 14 (2.33%) OpenID
13 12 (1.99%) Spring
13 12 (1.99%) Windows Identity Foundation
14 11 (1.83%) Node.js
15 9 (1.50%) DAO
Miscellaneous
1 73 (12.13%) Data Centre
2 37 (6.15%) Clustering
3 31 (5.15%) Management Information System
4 27 (4.49%) Analytical Skills
5 17 (2.82%) Replication
6 16 (2.66%) Fintech
7 15 (2.49%) Computer Science
8 12 (1.99%) Cyberthreat
8 12 (1.99%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 12 (1.99%) Fat Client
8 12 (1.99%) Self-Motivation
8 12 (1.99%) Thin Client
9 10 (1.66%) Public Cloud
10 9 (1.50%) DataPower
10 9 (1.50%) Mobile App
10 9 (1.50%) Smartcard
11 8 (1.33%) Data Structures
11 8 (1.33%) Hybrid Cloud
11 8 (1.33%) Private Cloud
12 7 (1.16%) CESG
Operating Systems
1 225 (37.38%) Windows
2 144 (23.92%) Windows Server
3 81 (13.46%) Linux
4 72 (11.96%) Windows Server 2008
5 54 (8.97%) Windows Server 2003
6 51 (8.47%) Unix
7 44 (7.31%) Windows Server 2012
8 33 (5.48%) Windows 7
9 29 (4.82%) Apple iOS
10 28 (4.65%) Android
11 27 (4.49%) Windows Phone
12 26 (4.32%) Windows Phone 8
13 24 (3.99%) Windows 10
14 19 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
15 12 (1.99%) CentOS
16 11 (1.83%) Solaris
17 8 (1.33%) Ubuntu
18 7 (1.16%) CoreOS
18 7 (1.16%) SUSE
19 6 (1.00%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 78 (12.96%) DevOps
2 77 (12.79%) ITIL
2 77 (12.79%) Migration
3 70 (11.63%) SIEM
4 64 (10.63%) Agile Software Development
5 62 (10.30%) Infrastructure Engineering
6 61 (10.13%) Information Security
7 56 (9.30%) Identity Management
8 55 (9.14%) Identity Access Management
9 49 (8.14%) Problem-Solving
10 44 (7.31%) Cybersecurity
11 43 (7.14%) Cryptography
12 40 (6.64%) SDLC
13 34 (5.65%) Incident Management
13 34 (5.65%) Project Management
14 32 (5.32%) SOA
15 31 (5.15%) Scrum
15 31 (5.15%) Vulnerability Management
16 30 (4.98%) Security Architecture
17 29 (4.82%) High Availability
Programming Languages
1 88 (14.62%) PowerShell
2 84 (13.95%) SQL
3 53 (8.80%) Java
4 48 (7.97%) Python
5 18 (2.99%) C
6 16 (2.66%) C++
7 15 (2.49%) Bash Shell
7 15 (2.49%) JavaScript
8 14 (2.33%) VBScript
9 12 (1.99%) Perl
10 10 (1.66%) C#
11 8 (1.33%) Apex Code
11 8 (1.33%) Ruby
11 8 (1.33%) VB
12 7 (1.16%) Shell Script
13 6 (1.00%) PyPy
14 3 (0.50%) Assembly Language
14 3 (0.50%) CLIST
14 3 (0.50%) JCL
14 3 (0.50%) REXX
Qualifications
1 212 (35.22%) Security Cleared
2 159 (26.41%) SC Cleared
3 55 (9.14%) CISSP
3 55 (9.14%) Microsoft Certification
4 51 (8.47%) DV Cleared
5 41 (6.81%) Cisco Certification
6 40 (6.64%) Degree
7 36 (5.98%) CCNP
8 34 (5.65%) Citrix Certification
9 31 (5.15%) CISM
10 22 (3.65%) MCSE
11 18 (2.99%) BPSS Clearance
12 16 (2.66%) CCNA
12 16 (2.66%) Computer Science Degree
13 15 (2.49%) CISA
14 14 (2.33%) CEH
15 12 (1.99%) MCSA
16 11 (1.83%) CCA
17 9 (1.50%) SANS
18 8 (1.33%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 46 (7.64%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 26 (4.32%) PCI DSS
3 17 (2.82%) Disclosure Scotland
3 17 (2.82%) GDPR
4 7 (1.16%) QA
4 7 (1.16%) RMADS
4 7 (1.16%) SLA
5 4 (0.66%) Cyber Essentials
5 4 (0.66%) GCP
6 3 (0.50%) JSP 440
7 2 (0.33%) COBIT
7 2 (0.33%) ECSS
7 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
7 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27005
7 2 (0.33%) NIST 800
8 1 (0.17%) ISAE 3402
8 1 (0.17%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 208 (34.55%) Active Directory
2 101 (16.78%) VMware Infrastructure
3 57 (9.47%) vSphere
4 50 (8.31%) Hyper-V
5 38 (6.31%) Docker
6 27 (4.49%) VMware ESXi
6 27 (4.49%) XenApp
7 24 (3.99%) Virtual Machines
8 21 (3.49%) VMware NSX
9 15 (2.49%) Microsoft App-V
10 13 (2.16%) DFS Replication
11 12 (1.99%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
11 12 (1.99%) Citrix Presentation Server
12 11 (1.83%) XenDesktop
12 11 (1.83%) XenServer
13 9 (1.50%) iptables
14 7 (1.16%) Forefront TMG
15 5 (0.83%) BitLocker
15 5 (0.83%) VMware Server
16 4 (0.66%) ProxySG
Systems Management
1 81 (13.46%) SCCM
2 73 (12.13%) Single Sign-On
3 50 (8.31%) SCOM
4 41 (6.81%) Ansible
5 36 (5.98%) CA Single Sign-On
6 35 (5.81%) Puppet
7 33 (5.48%) Opscode Chef
8 28 (4.65%) AirWatch
9 26 (4.32%) WSUS
9 26 (4.32%) XenMobile
10 25 (4.15%) SAP Afaria
10 25 (4.15%) Terraform
11 24 (3.99%) McAfee ePO
12 21 (3.49%) Microsoft Intune
13 20 (3.32%) vCenter Server
14 17 (2.82%) Forefront Identity Manager
14 17 (2.82%) Kubernetes
14 17 (2.82%) Salt
15 14 (2.33%) Microsoft Clustering
16 10 (1.66%) PowerCLI
Vendors
1 195 (32.39%) Microsoft
2 129 (21.43%) VMware
3 115 (19.10%) Cisco
4 99 (16.45%) Citrix
5 61 (10.13%) McAfee
6 31 (5.15%) CA
6 31 (5.15%) Splunk
7 29 (4.82%) SAP
8 28 (4.65%) Apple
9 27 (4.49%) Oracle
10 24 (3.99%) HP
11 22 (3.65%) Axway
12 21 (3.49%) Juniper
12 21 (3.49%) Palo Alto
12 21 (3.49%) Symantec
13 19 (3.16%) BMC
14 17 (2.82%) Red Hat
15 16 (2.66%) CheckPoint
16 15 (2.49%) NetApp
17 14 (2.33%) IBM