Period
to 17 October 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 17 October 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
17 Oct 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 402 449 477
Rank change year-on-year +47 +28 -3
Contract jobs citing PKI 615 487 485
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.60% 0.49% 0.45%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.74% 1.43% 1.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 407 283 323
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £451
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.26% +5.44% +6.00%
10th Percentile £350 £280 £306
90th Percentile £650 £663 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +0.59%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 9 5
UK median hourly rate £44.75 £30.00 £36.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +49.17% -16.67% +36.07%
10th Percentile £18.00 £13.04 £31.50
90th Percentile £56.25 £50.00 £41.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £47.00 £30.00 £36.00
% change year-on-year +56.67% -16.67% +36.07%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 35,276 34,161 36,556
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 34.19% 34.41% 34.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 23,092 22,463 23,885
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £250
90th Percentile £656 £650 £618
UK excluding London median daily rate £420 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +5.00% +3.23% +3.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,082 1,067 1,249
UK median hourly rate £21.18 £20.50 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.32% +2.50% +7.99%
10th Percentile £12.23 £11.25 £11.37
90th Percentile £51.00 £48.75 £46.96
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £20.00 £20.78
% change year-on-year - -3.75% +18.74%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 17 October 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 17 October 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +48 546 £500 +2.56% 76
UK excluding London +59 369 £450 +5.88% 53
London 0 233 £575 +9.52% 27
South East +74 155 £475 -5.00% 14
North of England -25 53 £420 +24.44% 14
East of England +31 52 £425 -17.07% 4
South West -11 30 £425 -32.00% 11
Wales - 30 £450 - 4
Scotland -45 28 £475 +11.76%
Yorkshire -4 27 £450 -6.49% 4
Midlands -41 23 £600 +108.70% 6
North West -29 20 £305 +8.93% 10
West Midlands -17 19 £600 +50.00% 3
East Midlands -14 8 £600 +114.29% 3
North East +5 6 £260 -
Northern Ireland +33 2 - -

For the 6 months to 17 October 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 204 (33.17%) Windows
2 187 (30.41%) Firewall
3 185 (30.08%) Active Directory
4 182 (29.59%) Microsoft
5 175 (28.46%) Security Cleared
6 151 (24.55%) DNS
7 133 (21.63%) SC Cleared
8 113 (18.37%) Microsoft Azure
9 111 (18.05%) VMware
10 105 (17.07%) Linux
11 103 (16.75%) Windows Server
12 102 (16.59%) Cisco
13 98 (15.93%) Finance
14 94 (15.28%) LDAP
15 92 (14.96%) Migration
15 92 (14.96%) Amazon AWS
16 89 (14.47%) VMware Infrastructure
17 88 (14.31%) DevOps
18 84 (13.66%) Single Sign-On
19 83 (13.50%) PowerShell
20 80 (13.01%) DHCP
21 77 (12.52%) SIEM
22 74 (12.03%) Java
23 70 (11.38%) Identity Management
24 69 (11.22%) Office 365
25 67 (10.89%) Docker
25 67 (10.89%) SSL
26 66 (10.73%) Network Security
26 66 (10.73%) Ansible
26 66 (10.73%) Data Centre

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 58 (9.43%) SharePoint
2 56 (9.11%) Apache
3 45 (7.32%) MS Exchange
4 43 (6.99%) IIS
5 36 (5.85%) Skype for Business
6 29 (4.72%) nginx
7 26 (4.23%) Confluence
8 21 (3.41%) Tomcat
9 16 (2.60%) OpenStack
10 11 (1.79%) CMS
11 9 (1.46%) Apache Solr
11 9 (1.46%) Exchange Server 2010
12 8 (1.30%) Cloud Foundry
12 8 (1.30%) Exchange Server 2003
13 7 (1.14%) Exchange Server 2013
13 7 (1.14%) Mule
13 7 (1.14%) Mule ESB
13 7 (1.14%) Sitecore CMS
13 7 (1.14%) WebLogic Portal
14 6 (0.98%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 18 (2.93%) Microsoft Office
2 14 (2.28%) Microsoft Excel
2 14 (2.28%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 11 (1.79%) Microsoft Project
4 3 (0.49%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 3 (0.49%) Sentinel
2 2 (0.33%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
Cloud Services
1 113 (18.37%) Microsoft Azure
2 92 (14.96%) Amazon AWS
3 69 (11.22%) Office 365
4 39 (6.34%) Azure Active Directory
5 38 (6.18%) IaaS
5 38 (6.18%) PaaS
6 22 (3.58%) Serverless
7 19 (3.09%) SaaS
8 17 (2.76%) AWS Lambda
9 12 (1.95%) AWS CloudFormation
10 10 (1.63%) GitHub
10 10 (1.63%) Yammer
11 9 (1.46%) Amazon EC2
11 9 (1.46%) Cloud Computing
11 9 (1.46%) Google Cloud Platform
12 8 (1.30%) Akamai
13 7 (1.14%) IBM Cloud
14 5 (0.81%) Azure Functions
15 3 (0.49%) Datadog
15 3 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
Communications & Networking
1 187 (30.41%) Firewall
2 151 (24.55%) DNS
3 80 (13.01%) DHCP
4 67 (10.89%) SSL
5 66 (10.73%) Network Security
6 65 (10.57%) Kerberos
7 57 (9.27%) VPN
8 44 (7.15%) TCP/IP
9 37 (6.02%) Internet
10 33 (5.37%) IPsec
11 31 (5.04%) Cisco ASA
12 26 (4.23%) HTTP
12 26 (4.23%) Skype
13 25 (4.07%) LAN
13 25 (4.07%) WAN
14 22 (3.58%) SAN
14 22 (3.58%) VLAN
15 21 (3.41%) SSH
16 17 (2.76%) NetScaler
16 17 (2.76%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 53 (8.62%) SQL Server
2 25 (4.07%) PostgreSQL
3 24 (3.90%) Hadoop
4 21 (3.41%) MongoDB
5 16 (2.60%) Big Data
6 15 (2.44%) MySQL
7 13 (2.11%) NoSQL
8 11 (1.79%) SQL Server 2008
9 10 (1.63%) Oracle Database
10 9 (1.46%) HBase
11 8 (1.30%) SQL Server 2012
12 7 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
12 7 (1.14%) Endeca
12 7 (1.14%) Oracle Database 10g
12 7 (1.14%) Relational Database
13 5 (0.81%) Cosmos DB
13 5 (0.81%) RDBMS
13 5 (0.81%) SQL Server 2005
14 3 (0.49%) Aerospike
14 3 (0.49%) Data Lake
Development Applications
1 37 (6.02%) Jenkins
1 37 (6.02%) JIRA
2 24 (3.90%) Bitbucket
3 16 (2.60%) Git (software)
4 15 (2.44%) Maven
5 14 (2.28%) Artifactory
6 12 (1.95%) Vagrant
7 9 (1.46%) Team Foundation Server
8 8 (1.30%) GitLab
9 7 (1.14%) IBM UrbanCode
10 6 (0.98%) Selenium
11 5 (0.81%) Cucumber
11 5 (0.81%) Visual Studio Team System
12 4 (0.65%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 4 (0.65%) CircleCI
12 4 (0.65%) git-flow
12 4 (0.65%) Octopus Deploy
12 4 (0.65%) Travis CI
13 3 (0.49%) Sonatype Nexus
13 3 (0.49%) Zephyr
General
1 98 (15.93%) Finance
2 58 (9.43%) Banking
3 17 (2.76%) Telecoms
4 9 (1.46%) Local Government
5 8 (1.30%) Legal
5 8 (1.30%) Military
6 7 (1.14%) Electronics
7 6 (0.98%) Manufacturing
7 6 (0.98%) Multimedia
8 5 (0.81%) Financial Institution
8 5 (0.81%) Investment Banking
9 4 (0.65%) Aerospace
9 4 (0.65%) Marketing
10 3 (0.49%) Advertising
11 2 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
11 2 (0.33%) Retail
12 1 (0.16%) Automotive
12 1 (0.16%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.16%) French Language
12 1 (0.16%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 123 (20.00%) Architect
2 81 (13.17%) Security Architect
3 69 (11.22%) Security Engineer
4 62 (10.08%) Consultant
5 54 (8.78%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 37 (6.02%) Developer
7 35 (5.69%) Network Engineer
8 33 (5.37%) Analyst
8 33 (5.37%) DevOps Engineer
9 25 (4.07%) Security Consultant
10 23 (3.74%) Support Engineer
11 22 (3.58%) Java Developer
12 21 (3.41%) Solutions Architect
13 17 (2.76%) Cloud Engineer
13 17 (2.76%) Security Analyst
14 16 (2.60%) Active Directory Engineer
14 16 (2.60%) Administrator
15 14 (2.28%) AWS Engineer
15 14 (2.28%) Network Security Engineer
16 13 (2.11%) Security Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 94 (15.28%) LDAP
2 65 (10.57%) SAML
3 45 (7.32%) OAuth
4 31 (5.04%) JSON
5 28 (4.55%) .NET
6 27 (4.39%) REST
7 26 (4.23%) XML
8 24 (3.90%) WCF
9 20 (3.25%) OpenID
9 20 (3.25%) SPNEGO
9 20 (3.25%) Web Services
10 19 (3.09%) RESTful
11 18 (2.93%) SOAP
12 16 (2.60%) Spring
13 14 (2.28%) DCOM
13 14 (2.28%) SailPoint
14 13 (2.11%) COM+
14 13 (2.11%) LAMP
14 13 (2.11%) Rendezvous
15 12 (1.95%) LEMP Stack
Miscellaneous
1 66 (10.73%) Data Centre
2 28 (4.55%) Analytical Skills
3 27 (4.39%) Management Information System
4 21 (3.41%) Clustering
5 17 (2.76%) Public Cloud
5 17 (2.76%) Self-Motivation
6 15 (2.44%) Replication
7 13 (2.11%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
8 12 (1.95%) Computer Science
9 11 (1.79%) Fintech
9 11 (1.79%) Greenfield Project
10 10 (1.63%) Private Cloud
11 9 (1.46%) Cyberthreat
11 9 (1.46%) Data Structures
11 9 (1.46%) Fat Client
11 9 (1.46%) Mobile App
11 9 (1.46%) Thin Client
12 8 (1.30%) Enterprise Software
12 8 (1.30%) Smartcard
13 7 (1.14%) DataPower
Operating Systems
1 204 (33.17%) Windows
2 105 (17.07%) Linux
3 103 (16.75%) Windows Server
4 49 (7.97%) Unix
5 42 (6.83%) Windows Server 2008
5 42 (6.83%) Windows Server 2012
6 27 (4.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 27 (4.39%) Windows 10
7 24 (3.90%) Windows 7
8 23 (3.74%) Windows Server 2003
9 20 (3.25%) CentOS
10 12 (1.95%) Ubuntu
11 10 (1.63%) Apple iOS
12 8 (1.30%) Solaris
12 8 (1.30%) SUSE
13 7 (1.14%) Android
13 7 (1.14%) CoreOS
14 6 (0.98%) Windows Phone
14 6 (0.98%) Windows Phone 8
15 4 (0.65%) Check Point GAiA
Processes & Methodologies
1 92 (14.96%) Migration
2 88 (14.31%) DevOps
3 77 (12.52%) SIEM
4 70 (11.38%) Identity Management
5 64 (10.41%) Identity Access Management
6 60 (9.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 54 (8.78%) Agile Software Development
7 54 (8.78%) ITIL
8 53 (8.62%) Cybersecurity
9 51 (8.29%) Problem-Solving
10 50 (8.13%) Information Security
11 40 (6.50%) Cryptography
12 38 (6.18%) SDLC
13 37 (6.02%) Security Architecture
14 34 (5.53%) Load Balancing
15 31 (5.04%) Microservices
16 30 (4.88%) Project Management
16 30 (4.88%) SOA
17 29 (4.72%) Risk Management
17 29 (4.72%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 83 (13.50%) PowerShell
2 74 (12.03%) Java
3 64 (10.41%) SQL
4 61 (9.92%) Python
5 27 (4.39%) C++
6 25 (4.07%) Bash Shell
6 25 (4.07%) JavaScript
6 25 (4.07%) Perl
7 22 (3.58%) C#
8 17 (2.76%) C
8 17 (2.76%) Ruby
9 13 (2.11%) Shell Script
9 13 (2.11%) VBScript
10 6 (0.98%) VB
11 4 (0.65%) Groovy
12 3 (0.49%) Assembly Language
12 3 (0.49%) CLIST
12 3 (0.49%) Go
12 3 (0.49%) JCL
12 3 (0.49%) REXX
Qualifications
1 175 (28.46%) Security Cleared
2 133 (21.63%) SC Cleared
3 54 (8.78%) CISSP
4 37 (6.02%) DV Cleared
5 36 (5.85%) CISM
6 35 (5.69%) Degree
7 33 (5.37%) Cisco Certification
8 30 (4.88%) Microsoft Certification
9 24 (3.90%) CCNP
10 18 (2.93%) MCSE
11 16 (2.60%) Citrix Certification
12 14 (2.28%) Computer Science Degree
13 11 (1.79%) CISA
14 10 (1.63%) CESG Certified Professional
15 9 (1.46%) CEH
16 8 (1.30%) CCA
16 8 (1.30%) Master's Degree
17 7 (1.14%) CCIE
17 7 (1.14%) MCSA
18 6 (0.98%) ISSAP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 42 (6.83%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 26 (4.23%) PCI DSS
3 18 (2.93%) GDPR
4 14 (2.28%) QA
5 7 (1.14%) RMADS
6 5 (0.81%) SLA
7 4 (0.65%) COBIT
8 3 (0.49%) Data Quality
8 3 (0.49%) Disclosure Scotland
9 2 (0.33%) Cyber Essentials
9 2 (0.33%) ECSS
9 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
9 2 (0.33%) ISO/IEC 27005
9 2 (0.33%) JSP 440
9 2 (0.33%) NIST 800
10 1 (0.16%) GAMP
10 1 (0.16%) ISAE 3402
System Software
1 185 (30.08%) Active Directory
2 89 (14.47%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (10.89%) Docker
4 34 (5.53%) Hyper-V
5 30 (4.88%) vSphere
6 24 (3.90%) XenApp
7 21 (3.41%) VMware ESXi
8 17 (2.76%) Virtual Machines
9 13 (2.11%) VMware NSX
10 12 (1.95%) Microsoft App-V
11 11 (1.79%) XenDesktop
12 10 (1.63%) DFS Replication
12 10 (1.63%) iptables
13 9 (1.46%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
13 9 (1.46%) Citrix Presentation Server
13 9 (1.46%) XenServer
14 6 (0.98%) Forefront TMG
15 5 (0.81%) BitLocker
16 4 (0.65%) LXC
16 4 (0.65%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 84 (13.66%) Single Sign-On
2 66 (10.73%) Ansible
3 63 (10.24%) SCCM
4 57 (9.27%) Puppet
5 50 (8.13%) Opscode Chef
6 45 (7.32%) CA Single Sign-On
7 43 (6.99%) Kubernetes
8 41 (6.67%) SCOM
9 34 (5.53%) Terraform
10 24 (3.90%) Salt
11 22 (3.58%) Microsoft Intune
12 21 (3.41%) Forefront Identity Manager
13 18 (2.93%) HP Fortify
14 16 (2.60%) WSUS
15 15 (2.44%) Nagios
16 12 (1.95%) AirWatch
16 12 (1.95%) ZABBIX
17 10 (1.63%) vCenter Server
18 9 (1.46%) McAfee ePO
18 9 (1.46%) SELinux
Vendors
1 182 (29.59%) Microsoft
2 111 (18.05%) VMware
3 102 (16.59%) Cisco
4 63 (10.24%) Citrix
5 45 (7.32%) CA
6 33 (5.37%) Splunk
7 32 (5.20%) McAfee
8 31 (5.04%) Oracle
9 30 (4.88%) Red Hat
10 27 (4.39%) BMC
11 22 (3.58%) CheckPoint
12 20 (3.25%) Axway
12 20 (3.25%) HP
13 19 (3.09%) Juniper
13 19 (3.09%) Palo Alto
14 18 (2.93%) IBM
14 18 (2.93%) Symantec
15 15 (2.44%) NetApp
15 15 (2.44%) SolarWinds
16 13 (2.11%) TIBCO