Period
to 23 November 2017

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 442 502 493
Rank change year-on-year +60 -9 +65
Contract jobs citing PKI 513 428 455
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.50% 0.41% 0.40%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.48% 1.23% 1.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 291 302 279
UK median daily rate £488 £460 £440
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.98% +4.55% +6.67%
10th Percentile £280 £313 £300
90th Percentile £675 £600 £581
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 4 1
UK median hourly rate £32.25 £34.50 £32.73
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.52% +5.41% +25.88%
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.00 £34.50 £32.73
% change year-on-year -10.14% +5.41% -27.27%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34725 34822 36974
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.68% 33.08% 32.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 23034 22825 23509
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £250 £240
90th Percentile £650 £625 £615
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £375
% change year-on-year +2.56% +4.00% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1022 1194 1462
UK median hourly rate £20.97 £20.50 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.28% +5.13% +8.33%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.72 £11.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.50 £47.24
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £21.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -4.76% +10.53% +8.57%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +46 439 £488 +4.56% 27
UK excluding London +41 280 £425 - 21
London +58 224 £533 +6.50% 7
South East -41 69 £500 +22.95% 3
Scotland +22 62 £425 +25.00% 1
North of England +43 52 £350 +2.94% 6
Midlands +52 49 £288 -15.44% 7
North West +18 30 £280 -27.74% 2
East Midlands - 25 £280 - 2
West Midlands +35 24 £400 +17.65% 5
East of England -10 22 £525 +31.25% 1
South West -9 21 £625 +16.28% 3
Yorkshire +27 19 £481 +61.76% 4
Northern Ireland - 5 £324 -
North East +42 3 - -
Wales +3 1 - -

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 215 (41.91%) Windows
2 189 (36.84%) Active Directory
3 178 (34.70%) Microsoft
4 150 (29.24%) Linux
5 137 (26.71%) Security Cleared
6 122 (23.78%) VMware
7 104 (20.27%) Finance
7 104 (20.27%) Firewall
7 104 (20.27%) Windows Server
8 95 (18.52%) DNS
9 84 (16.37%) Unix
10 81 (15.79%) SC Cleared
11 80 (15.59%) Information Security
11 80 (15.59%) SIEM
12 79 (15.40%) TCP/IP
13 75 (14.62%) LDAP
13 75 (14.62%) PowerShell
14 74 (14.42%) SQL
15 72 (14.04%) IPsec
16 68 (13.26%) SSL
17 67 (13.06%) Amazon AWS
18 65 (12.67%) Cybersecurity
18 65 (12.67%) Agile Software Development
19 64 (12.48%) Data Centre
20 63 (12.28%) Cryptography
20 63 (12.28%) Cisco
20 63 (12.28%) Migration
21 60 (11.70%) Network Security
22 59 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure
22 59 (11.50%) ITIL

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 48 (9.36%) MS Exchange
2 36 (7.02%) Apache
3 34 (6.63%) SharePoint
4 32 (6.24%) IIS
5 26 (5.07%) Skype for Business
6 23 (4.48%) Tomcat
7 20 (3.90%) SAS
8 17 (3.31%) JBoss
9 14 (2.73%) CICS
9 14 (2.73%) MQSeries
10 11 (2.14%) Exchange Server 2013
11 9 (1.75%) Exchange Server 2010
11 9 (1.75%) WebSphere
12 8 (1.56%) nginx
13 6 (1.17%) WebSphere Application Server
14 5 (0.97%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 5 (0.97%) IBM Notes
15 4 (0.78%) Exchange Server 2003
15 4 (0.78%) OpenStack
16 2 (0.39%) BizTalk Server
Applications
1 28 (5.46%) Microsoft Office
2 26 (5.07%) Microsoft Excel
3 20 (3.90%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.78%) Microsoft Project
4 4 (0.78%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.19%) Oracle EBS R12
1 1 (0.19%) R3 Corda
Cloud Services
1 67 (13.06%) Amazon AWS
2 54 (10.53%) Microsoft Azure
3 46 (8.97%) Office 365
4 32 (6.24%) IaaS
5 26 (5.07%) PaaS
6 17 (3.31%) SaaS
7 15 (2.92%) Azure Active Directory
7 15 (2.92%) Cloud Computing
8 14 (2.73%) AWS CloudFormation
9 9 (1.75%) Amazon EC2
10 7 (1.36%) AWS Lambda
10 7 (1.36%) Route 53
10 7 (1.36%) Serverless
11 6 (1.17%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 6 (1.17%) Amazon S3
11 6 (1.17%) Virtual Private Cloud
12 5 (0.97%) Google Cloud Platform
12 5 (0.97%) Slack
13 3 (0.58%) Mimecast
14 2 (0.39%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 104 (20.27%) Firewall
2 95 (18.52%) DNS
3 79 (15.40%) TCP/IP
4 75 (14.62%) LDAP
5 72 (14.04%) IPsec
6 68 (13.26%) SSL
7 60 (11.70%) Network Security
8 56 (10.92%) Kerberos
9 48 (9.36%) VPN
10 36 (7.02%) DHCP
11 31 (6.04%) SAN
12 28 (5.46%) HTTPS
12 28 (5.46%) LAN
13 25 (4.87%) SSH
14 24 (4.68%) Internet
15 21 (4.09%) Cisco ASA
15 21 (4.09%) HTTP
15 21 (4.09%) WAN
16 20 (3.90%) Reverse Proxy
17 17 (3.31%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (7.02%) SQL Server
2 25 (4.87%) DB2
3 14 (2.73%) Relational Database
4 9 (1.75%) RDBMS
4 9 (1.75%) SQL Server 2008
5 8 (1.56%) Big Data
5 8 (1.56%) MongoDB
6 7 (1.36%) SQLite
7 6 (1.17%) SQL Server 2012
8 5 (0.97%) Hadoop
9 4 (0.78%) Amazon RDS
9 4 (0.78%) MySQL
10 3 (0.58%) NoSQL
10 3 (0.58%) PostgreSQL
10 3 (0.58%) SQL Server 2005
11 2 (0.39%) MSDE
11 2 (0.39%) Oracle Database
11 2 (0.39%) SQL Server 2014
12 1 (0.19%) Blockchain
12 1 (0.19%) EDRMS
Development Applications
1 23 (4.48%) Jenkins
2 17 (3.31%) Git (software)
3 16 (3.12%) JIRA
3 16 (3.12%) Visual Studio
4 11 (2.14%) GitLab
5 9 (1.75%) Maven
5 9 (1.75%) Sonatype Nexus
6 7 (1.36%) Subversion
7 5 (0.97%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 5 (0.97%) JMeter
7 5 (0.97%) Selenium
7 5 (0.97%) TeamCity
8 4 (0.78%) FishEye
8 4 (0.78%) Metasploit
9 3 (0.58%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.39%) Grunt
10 2 (0.39%) Jasmine
10 2 (0.39%) MSBuild
10 2 (0.39%) Team Foundation Server
10 2 (0.39%) webpack
General
1 104 (20.27%) Finance
2 30 (5.85%) Telecoms
3 21 (4.09%) Banking
4 13 (2.53%) Legal
4 13 (2.53%) Manufacturing
5 12 (2.34%) Electronics
6 11 (2.14%) Marketing
7 8 (1.56%) Law
7 8 (1.56%) Retail
8 7 (1.36%) Publishing
9 6 (1.17%) Local Government
10 4 (0.78%) Pharmaceutical
11 3 (0.58%) Military
12 2 (0.39%) Financial Institution
13 1 (0.19%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 101 (19.69%) Architect
2 73 (14.23%) Consultant
3 50 (9.75%) Analyst
4 40 (7.80%) Security Architect
5 38 (7.41%) Security Consultant
6 35 (6.82%) Infrastructure Engineer
7 34 (6.63%) Security Analyst
8 33 (6.43%) Developer
9 28 (5.46%) Administrator
10 23 (4.48%) Technical Architect
11 20 (3.90%) Security Engineer
12 19 (3.70%) DevOps Engineer
13 18 (3.51%) Network Engineer
13 18 (3.51%) Systems Administrator
14 16 (3.12%) Active Directory Engineer
15 15 (2.92%) Active Directory Specialist
16 14 (2.73%) Technical Analyst
17 13 (2.53%) Security Specialist
17 13 (2.53%) Support Engineer
18 12 (2.34%) Solutions Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 35 (6.82%) SAML
2 34 (6.63%) REST
3 29 (5.65%) Web Services
4 27 (5.26%) SOAP
5 23 (4.48%) .NET
6 22 (4.29%) OpenID
7 21 (4.09%) Middleware
8 19 (3.70%) XML
9 15 (2.92%) SailPoint
10 14 (2.73%) 802.1X
10 14 (2.73%) ISPF
11 11 (2.14%) Java EE
12 10 (1.95%) JSON
13 9 (1.75%) WCF
13 9 (1.75%) XSLT
14 8 (1.56%) Software Packaging
14 8 (1.56%) SPNEGO
15 7 (1.36%) XMPP
16 6 (1.17%) Ajax
16 6 (1.17%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 64 (12.48%) Data Centre
2 31 (6.04%) Management Information System
3 19 (3.70%) Mainframe
4 18 (3.51%) Algorithms
5 16 (3.12%) Client/Server
6 14 (2.73%) Analytical Skills
7 12 (2.34%) Hybrid Cloud
8 11 (2.14%) Cloud Native
8 11 (2.14%) DataPower
8 11 (2.14%) Linux Command Line
9 10 (1.95%) CESG
9 10 (1.95%) Cyberthreat
9 10 (1.95%) Public Cloud
10 9 (1.75%) Computer Science
10 9 (1.75%) Smartcard
11 6 (1.17%) Private Cloud
11 6 (1.17%) Security Operations Centre
11 6 (1.17%) Virtual Team
12 5 (0.97%) Fintech
12 5 (0.97%) Replication
Operating Systems
1 215 (41.91%) Windows
2 150 (29.24%) Linux
3 104 (20.27%) Windows Server
4 84 (16.37%) Unix
5 46 (8.97%) Windows Server 2012
6 43 (8.38%) Windows Server 2008
7 34 (6.63%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 28 (5.46%) Windows Server 2003
9 17 (3.31%) Windows 7
10 16 (3.12%) Windows 10
11 15 (2.92%) CentOS
12 14 (2.73%) zOS
13 7 (1.36%) Solaris
14 6 (1.17%) Windows 2000 Server
15 4 (0.78%) HPUX
16 3 (0.58%) Windows 2000
17 2 (0.39%) Embedded Linux
17 2 (0.39%) FreeBSD
17 2 (0.39%) VMS
18 1 (0.19%) Android
Processes & Methodologies
1 80 (15.59%) Information Security
1 80 (15.59%) SIEM
2 65 (12.67%) Agile Software Development
2 65 (12.67%) Cybersecurity
3 63 (12.28%) Cryptography
3 63 (12.28%) Migration
4 59 (11.50%) ITIL
5 55 (10.72%) DevOps
6 42 (8.19%) Identity Access Management
7 37 (7.21%) Configuration Management
8 36 (7.02%) Vulnerability Management
9 32 (6.24%) Incident Management
10 30 (5.85%) Open Source
10 30 (5.85%) Server Virtualisation
11 28 (5.46%) Identity Management
12 27 (5.26%) SDLC
13 25 (4.87%) Penetration Testing
13 25 (4.87%) Security Operations
14 24 (4.68%) Continuous Integration
14 24 (4.68%) Data Protection
Programming Languages
1 75 (14.62%) PowerShell
2 74 (14.42%) SQL
3 57 (11.11%) Java
4 56 (10.92%) Python
5 37 (7.21%) Perl
6 28 (5.46%) Ruby
7 27 (5.26%) Shell Script
8 19 (3.70%) Bash Shell
9 14 (2.73%) Assembly Language
9 14 (2.73%) C#
9 14 (2.73%) CLIST
9 14 (2.73%) C-shell
9 14 (2.73%) JCL
9 14 (2.73%) Korn
9 14 (2.73%) REXX
10 12 (2.34%) Go
10 12 (2.34%) JavaScript
11 10 (1.95%) C++
11 10 (1.95%) VBScript
12 2 (0.39%) PHP
Qualifications
1 137 (26.71%) Security Cleared
2 81 (15.79%) SC Cleared
3 58 (11.31%) DV Cleared
4 47 (9.16%) CISSP
5 42 (8.19%) Microsoft Certification
6 30 (5.85%) Degree
7 29 (5.65%) Cisco Certification
8 24 (4.68%) CISM
9 22 (4.29%) MCSE
10 15 (2.92%) BPSS Clearance
10 15 (2.92%) CRISC
11 12 (2.34%) CCNP
11 12 (2.34%) MCSA
12 11 (2.14%) SANS
13 9 (1.75%) (ISC)2 CCSP
13 9 (1.75%) CCIE
14 8 (1.56%) CGEIT
15 7 (1.36%) CISA
15 7 (1.36%) GIAC
16 6 (1.17%) CCNA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 35 (6.82%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 18 (3.51%) PCI DSS
3 14 (2.73%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 13 (2.53%) COBIT
5 9 (1.75%) GDPR
6 8 (1.56%) Disclosure Scotland
7 5 (0.97%) FIPS 140-2
8 4 (0.78%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 4 (0.78%) QA
9 2 (0.39%) HMG Security Policy Framework
9 2 (0.39%) RMADS
10 1 (0.19%) ECSS
10 1 (0.19%) SLA
System Software
1 189 (36.84%) Active Directory
2 59 (11.50%) VMware Infrastructure
3 31 (6.04%) Hyper-V
4 24 (4.68%) vSphere
5 17 (3.31%) VMware ESXi
6 14 (2.73%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 14 (2.73%) RACF
6 14 (2.73%) Time Sharing Option
7 12 (2.34%) FreeRADIUS
8 11 (2.14%) VMware Workstation
9 10 (1.95%) BitLocker
10 9 (1.75%) Virtual Machines
11 8 (1.56%) XenDesktop
12 7 (1.36%) NFS
12 7 (1.36%) XenApp
13 6 (1.17%) Docker
13 6 (1.17%) VMware Server
14 4 (0.78%) Apache ZooKeeper
14 4 (0.78%) iptables
14 4 (0.78%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 47 (9.16%) Puppet
2 41 (7.99%) Opscode Chef
3 35 (6.82%) SCCM
4 34 (6.63%) Ansible
5 31 (6.04%) SCOM
6 14 (2.73%) WSUS
6 14 (2.73%) zSecure
7 12 (2.34%) Salt
8 10 (1.95%) Nessus
9 9 (1.75%) NetBackup
10 8 (1.56%) CA Single Sign-On
10 8 (1.56%) logstash
11 7 (1.36%) Forefront Identity Manager
11 7 (1.36%) McAfee ePO
11 7 (1.36%) Netcool
11 7 (1.36%) Norton AntiVirus
12 6 (1.17%) Nmap
12 6 (1.17%) Rsyslog
12 6 (1.17%) SCSM
12 6 (1.17%) SCVMM
Vendors
1 178 (34.70%) Microsoft
2 122 (23.78%) VMware
3 63 (12.28%) Cisco
4 49 (9.55%) Citrix
5 41 (7.99%) CA
5 41 (7.99%) Red Hat
6 36 (7.02%) IBM
7 34 (6.63%) HP
7 34 (6.63%) Oracle
8 30 (5.85%) Juniper
9 25 (4.87%) Sybase
10 24 (4.68%) F5
11 21 (4.09%) ForgeRock
12 19 (3.70%) SolarWinds
13 18 (3.51%) McAfee
14 16 (3.12%) Splunk
15 15 (2.92%) Palo Alto
16 14 (2.73%) Gemalto
17 13 (2.53%) CheckPoint
18 11 (2.14%) SAP