Period
to 23 May 2018

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 23 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
23 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 472 517 444
Rank change year-on-year +45 -73 +15
Contract jobs citing PKI 459 327 529
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.46% 0.36% 0.50%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.35% 1.07% 1.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 294 187 309
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £450
10th Percentile £260 £315 £307
90th Percentile £646 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £425 £450
% change year-on-year -5.88% -5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 9 6
UK median hourly rate £31.00 £50.00 £32.04
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -38.00% +56.07% +30.77%
10th Percentile £18.60 £29.00 £23.52
90th Percentile £63.25 £52.50 £44.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £30.25 £50.00 £32.04
% change year-on-year -39.50% +56.07% +30.77%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 34,097 30,448 35,500
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 33.83% 33.75% 33.64%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,347 19,754 23,182
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £270 £263 £250
90th Percentile £650 £635 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +0.63% +6.67% +1.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,062 1,075 1,191
UK median hourly rate £21.95 £20.00 £21.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +9.75% -4.76% +17.55%
10th Percentile £11.75 £11.25 £11.50
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.33 £18.50 £21.00
% change year-on-year +15.27% -11.90% +20.00%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 23 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 23 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +20 398 £463 +2.78% 73
UK excluding London +82 290 £400 -5.88% 51
London -46 162 £520 +6.12% 34
South East +5 101 £450 +2.27% 15
North of England -2 47 £270 -16.92% 6
Midlands +9 38 £300 -9.09% 1
Scotland -12 38 £290 -17.14% 3
South West +16 27 £513 +18.50% 6
West Midlands -7 23 £406 -4.41% 1
North East - 23 £260 -
East of England +17 22 £393 +16.30% 11
North West -33 19 £280 -13.85% 5
Wales - 19 £450 - 7
East Midlands +15 15 £280 -15.15%
Yorkshire -14 5 £550 - 1

For the 6 months to 23 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 209 (45.53%) Windows
2 202 (44.01%) Active Directory
3 174 (37.91%) Microsoft
4 165 (35.95%) Security Cleared
5 131 (28.54%) DNS
6 126 (27.45%) Firewall
7 125 (27.23%) Windows Server
8 116 (25.27%) SC Cleared
9 115 (25.05%) VMware
10 93 (20.26%) PowerShell
11 87 (18.95%) VMware Infrastructure
12 86 (18.74%) Cisco
13 85 (18.52%) Citrix
14 82 (17.86%) Windows Server 2008
15 81 (17.65%) ITIL
16 80 (17.43%) DHCP
17 74 (16.12%) SQL
18 71 (15.47%) SCCM
19 70 (15.25%) SQL Server
19 70 (15.25%) Microsoft Azure
20 67 (14.60%) vSphere
20 67 (14.60%) Data Centre
21 64 (13.94%) Windows Server 2012
22 63 (13.73%) Linux
22 63 (13.73%) Migration
23 62 (13.51%) Agile Software Development
24 61 (13.29%) McAfee
24 61 (13.29%) Finance
25 60 (13.07%) Information Security
26 58 (12.64%) DevOps

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 57 (12.42%) MS Exchange
2 45 (9.80%) SharePoint
3 40 (8.71%) IIS
4 27 (5.88%) Skype for Business
5 24 (5.23%) Apache
6 20 (4.36%) CMS
7 17 (3.70%) Mule
7 17 (3.70%) Mule ESB
7 17 (3.70%) Sitecore CMS
7 17 (3.70%) WebLogic Portal
8 16 (3.49%) Apache Solr
8 16 (3.49%) Confluence
8 16 (3.49%) Exchange Server 2010
9 11 (2.40%) Exchange Server 2013
10 8 (1.74%) Exchange Server 2003
10 8 (1.74%) SharePoint Server
11 6 (1.31%) JBoss
11 6 (1.31%) Tomcat
12 5 (1.09%) Exchange Server 2007
13 4 (0.87%) EPiServer
Applications
1 16 (3.49%) Microsoft Office
2 8 (1.74%) Microsoft Excel
3 7 (1.53%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 4 (0.87%) Microsoft Project
5 3 (0.65%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 2 (0.44%) Advent Portfolio Exchange
1 2 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
2 1 (0.22%) Relativity
Cloud Services
1 70 (15.25%) Microsoft Azure
2 51 (11.11%) Amazon AWS
3 47 (10.24%) Office 365
4 21 (4.58%) Azure Active Directory
5 12 (2.61%) AWS CloudFormation
5 12 (2.61%) Yammer
6 8 (1.74%) PaaS
7 6 (1.31%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 6 (1.31%) AWS CloudTrail
7 6 (1.31%) AWS Lambda
7 6 (1.31%) GitHub
7 6 (1.31%) npm
7 6 (1.31%) Serverless
8 4 (0.87%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.87%) IaaS
8 4 (0.87%) SaaS
9 2 (0.44%) Force.com
9 2 (0.44%) OneDrive
10 1 (0.22%) Google Cloud Platform
Communications & Networking
1 131 (28.54%) DNS
2 126 (27.45%) Firewall
3 80 (17.43%) DHCP
4 41 (8.93%) TCP/IP
5 36 (7.84%) SSL
6 35 (7.63%) Network Security
7 33 (7.19%) Kerberos
8 30 (6.54%) LAN
9 28 (6.10%) VPN
10 27 (5.88%) Internet
11 26 (5.66%) WAN
12 25 (5.45%) Cisco ASA
12 25 (5.45%) SAN
13 21 (4.58%) IPsec
14 20 (4.36%) Skype
15 16 (3.49%) Intrusion Detection
16 14 (3.05%) VLAN
17 12 (2.61%) Cisco ISE
17 12 (2.61%) DMZ
17 12 (2.61%) Remote Desktop
Database & Business Intelligence
1 70 (15.25%) SQL Server
2 20 (4.36%) MongoDB
3 17 (3.70%) NoSQL
4 16 (3.49%) Endeca
5 8 (1.74%) SQL Server 2008
6 7 (1.53%) Big Data
6 7 (1.53%) Hadoop
6 7 (1.53%) Oracle Database
7 6 (1.31%) MySQL
7 6 (1.31%) PostgreSQL
8 5 (1.09%) HBase
9 4 (0.87%) Relational Database
10 3 (0.65%) DB2
10 3 (0.65%) Oracle Database 10g
11 2 (0.44%) Azure SQL Database
11 2 (0.44%) SQLite
12 1 (0.22%) Apache Hive
12 1 (0.22%) MariaDB
12 1 (0.22%) SQL Server 2012
12 1 (0.22%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 25 (5.45%) JIRA
2 15 (3.27%) Git (software)
3 14 (3.05%) Jenkins
4 9 (1.96%) Bitbucket
5 7 (1.53%) Selenium
5 7 (1.53%) TeamCity
6 6 (1.31%) GitLab
6 6 (1.31%) JMeter
6 6 (1.31%) MSI
6 6 (1.31%) Subversion
7 5 (1.09%) Atlassian Bamboo
7 5 (1.09%) SonarQube
8 4 (0.87%) Visual Studio
9 3 (0.65%) Maven
10 2 (0.44%) Artifactory
10 2 (0.44%) ClearCase
10 2 (0.44%) GDB
10 2 (0.44%) MSBuild
11 1 (0.22%) NeoLoad
11 1 (0.22%) Trac
General
1 61 (13.29%) Finance
2 25 (5.45%) Banking
3 16 (3.49%) Telecoms
4 13 (2.83%) Local Government
5 8 (1.74%) Electronics
6 7 (1.53%) Marketing
6 7 (1.53%) Military
7 6 (1.31%) Publishing
8 5 (1.09%) Legal
8 5 (1.09%) Manufacturing
9 4 (0.87%) Retail
10 3 (0.65%) Investment Banking
11 2 (0.44%) Automotive
11 2 (0.44%) Law
11 2 (0.44%) Retail Banking
12 1 (0.22%) Advertising
12 1 (0.22%) Dutch Language
12 1 (0.22%) French Language
12 1 (0.22%) International Banking
Job Titles
1 62 (13.51%) Architect
2 46 (10.02%) Consultant
3 36 (7.84%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 30 (6.54%) Analyst
5 28 (6.10%) Security Engineer
6 25 (5.45%) Support Engineer
6 25 (5.45%) Wintel Engineer
7 24 (5.23%) Administrator
8 23 (5.01%) Server Engineer
9 20 (4.36%) Network Engineer
10 19 (4.14%) Mobility Engineer
10 19 (4.14%) Security Architect
10 19 (4.14%) Security Consultant
11 17 (3.70%) Technical Architect
12 16 (3.49%) Systems Administrator
13 13 (2.83%) Security Specialist
13 13 (2.83%) Sitecore Architect
14 12 (2.61%) Security Analyst
15 11 (2.40%) Application Security Specialist
15 11 (2.40%) Applications Specialist
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 47 (10.24%) LDAP
2 33 (7.19%) Web Services
3 25 (5.45%) OAuth
3 25 (5.45%) SAML
4 24 (5.23%) RESTful
5 18 (3.92%) SOAP
6 16 (3.49%) Lucene
7 13 (2.83%) JSON
8 12 (2.61%) Middleware
9 10 (2.18%) 802.1X
9 10 (2.18%) OAuth2
9 10 (2.18%) XML
10 9 (1.96%) Node.js
11 8 (1.74%) SailPoint
12 7 (1.53%) OpenID
13 6 (1.31%) Servlets
13 6 (1.31%) SPNEGO
14 5 (1.09%) .NET
14 5 (1.09%) ADSI
14 5 (1.09%) HTML
Miscellaneous
1 67 (14.60%) Data Centre
2 33 (7.19%) Clustering
3 22 (4.79%) Management Information System
4 20 (4.36%) Computer Science
5 16 (3.49%) Public Cloud
6 15 (3.27%) Analytical Skills
6 15 (3.27%) Hybrid Cloud
7 11 (2.40%) Fat Client
7 11 (2.40%) Fintech
7 11 (2.40%) Thin Client
8 10 (2.18%) Replication
9 8 (1.74%) Private Cloud
9 8 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
10 7 (1.53%) Cyberthreat
11 6 (1.31%) DataPower
11 6 (1.31%) Enterprise Cloud
11 6 (1.31%) Mobile App
11 6 (1.31%) Mobile Computing
11 6 (1.31%) RSA SecurID
12 5 (1.09%) CMDB
Operating Systems
1 209 (45.53%) Windows
2 125 (27.23%) Windows Server
3 82 (17.86%) Windows Server 2008
4 64 (13.94%) Windows Server 2012
5 63 (13.73%) Linux
6 56 (12.20%) Windows Server 2003
7 41 (8.93%) Unix
8 34 (7.41%) Windows 7
9 26 (5.66%) Apple iOS
10 25 (5.45%) Android
10 25 (5.45%) Windows 10
11 24 (5.23%) Windows Phone
12 23 (5.01%) Windows Phone 8
13 12 (2.61%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 10 (2.18%) Solaris
15 8 (1.74%) Mac OS
16 5 (1.09%) CoreOS
16 5 (1.09%) Windows 2000
16 5 (1.09%) Windows Vista
17 4 (0.87%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 81 (17.65%) ITIL
2 63 (13.73%) Migration
3 62 (13.51%) Agile Software Development
4 60 (13.07%) Information Security
5 58 (12.64%) DevOps
6 50 (10.89%) Problem-Solving
7 43 (9.37%) Incident Management
8 35 (7.63%) Cryptography
8 35 (7.63%) SIEM
9 34 (7.41%) Cybersecurity
10 30 (6.54%) High Availability
10 30 (6.54%) Load Balancing
11 27 (5.88%) Project Management
12 25 (5.45%) Identity Management
13 24 (5.23%) SOA
14 23 (5.01%) Test Automation
15 22 (4.79%) Content Management
15 22 (4.79%) Scrum
16 21 (4.58%) Security Architecture
17 20 (4.36%) Vulnerability Management
Programming Languages
1 93 (20.26%) PowerShell
2 74 (16.12%) SQL
3 38 (8.28%) Java
4 28 (6.10%) Python
5 19 (4.14%) VBScript
6 14 (3.05%) C
7 11 (2.40%) JavaScript
8 8 (1.74%) Apex Code
8 8 (1.74%) C++
8 8 (1.74%) Shell Script
9 6 (1.31%) PyPy
9 6 (1.31%) VB
10 5 (1.09%) C#
10 5 (1.09%) Perl
11 4 (0.87%) Bash Shell
11 4 (0.87%) Ruby
12 2 (0.44%) CLIST
12 2 (0.44%) Embedded C++
12 2 (0.44%) Go
12 2 (0.44%) REXX
Qualifications
1 165 (35.95%) Security Cleared
2 116 (25.27%) SC Cleared
3 55 (11.98%) Microsoft Certification
4 50 (10.89%) DV Cleared
5 49 (10.68%) CISSP
6 37 (8.06%) Degree
7 36 (7.84%) Cisco Certification
8 33 (7.19%) CCNP
9 31 (6.75%) CISM
10 23 (5.01%) Citrix Certification
11 18 (3.92%) Computer Science Degree
12 17 (3.70%) BPSS Clearance
13 15 (3.27%) CCNA
13 15 (3.27%) CISA
13 15 (3.27%) MCSE
14 12 (2.61%) CEH
14 12 (2.61%) MCSA
15 11 (2.40%) GIAC
16 10 (2.18%) SANS
17 8 (1.74%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 28 (6.10%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 21 (4.58%) PCI DSS
3 17 (3.70%) GDPR
4 16 (3.49%) Disclosure Scotland
5 9 (1.96%) QA
6 6 (1.31%) COBIT
6 6 (1.31%) SLA
7 5 (1.09%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.87%) JSP 440
9 3 (0.65%) Cyber Essentials
9 3 (0.65%) RMADS
10 2 (0.44%) ECSS
10 2 (0.44%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 2 (0.44%) NIST 800
System Software
1 202 (44.01%) Active Directory
2 87 (18.95%) VMware Infrastructure
3 67 (14.60%) vSphere
4 48 (10.46%) Hyper-V
5 29 (6.32%) VMware ESXi
6 22 (4.79%) XenApp
7 18 (3.92%) Virtual Machines
8 15 (3.27%) VMware NSX
9 14 (3.05%) Citrix Presentation Server
9 14 (3.05%) Docker
10 12 (2.61%) XenDesktop
11 10 (2.18%) BitLocker
12 9 (1.96%) Microsoft App-V
13 7 (1.53%) DFS Replication
13 7 (1.53%) VMware Workstation
14 6 (1.31%) Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services
14 6 (1.31%) VMware Server
14 6 (1.31%) XenServer
15 3 (0.65%) Forefront TMG
15 3 (0.65%) iptables
Systems Management
1 71 (15.47%) SCCM
2 44 (9.59%) Single Sign-On
3 36 (7.84%) SCOM
4 30 (6.54%) WSUS
5 27 (5.88%) CA Single Sign-On
6 26 (5.66%) vCenter Server
7 25 (5.45%) AirWatch
8 23 (5.01%) McAfee ePO
8 23 (5.01%) XenMobile
9 22 (4.79%) Puppet
9 22 (4.79%) SAP Afaria
10 21 (4.58%) Ansible
11 18 (3.92%) OpenSSO
12 17 (3.70%) Opscode Chef
13 15 (3.27%) Microsoft Clustering
14 13 (2.83%) Kubernetes
15 10 (2.18%) Microsoft Intune
15 10 (2.18%) SCVMM
16 9 (1.96%) Forefront Identity Manager
17 8 (1.74%) Salt
Vendors
1 174 (37.91%) Microsoft
2 115 (25.05%) VMware
3 86 (18.74%) Cisco
4 85 (18.52%) Citrix
5 61 (13.29%) McAfee
6 33 (7.19%) HP
7 32 (6.97%) Apple
8 31 (6.75%) SAP
9 25 (5.45%) Splunk
10 24 (5.23%) Juniper
11 22 (4.79%) Oracle
12 21 (4.58%) CA
13 18 (3.92%) Sitecore
14 17 (3.70%) ATG
14 17 (3.70%) BEA
15 16 (3.49%) Palo Alto
15 16 (3.49%) Symantec
16 14 (3.05%) Lumension
17 13 (2.83%) NetApp
18 11 (2.40%) Dell