Period
to 19 November 2019

The table below looks at the prevalence of the term PKI in contract job vacancies. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited PKI over the 6 months to 19 November 2019 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI)
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 420 429 454
Rank change year-on-year +9 +25 +61
Contract jobs citing PKI 436 577 496
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.52% 0.56% 0.49%
As % of the Miscellaneous category 1.66% 1.73% 1.48%
Number of daily rates quoted 279 388 279
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.26% +4.97%
10th Percentile £306 £350 £280
90th Percentile £700 £650 £676
UK excluding London median daily rate £485 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +7.78% +5.88% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 5 10
UK median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £31.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.65% +37.10% -10.14%
10th Percentile £12.30 £28.10 £13.07
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.00 £44.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £13.00 £44.75 £31.00
% change year-on-year -70.95% +44.35% -10.14%

PKI is in the Generic IT Skills category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills.

All Generic IT Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for generic IT skills 26,193 33,447 33,537
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 31.25% 32.39% 33.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 16,618 21,845 22,054
UK median daily rate £470 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.05% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £261 £275 £263
90th Percentile £670 £655 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,054 1,046 1,011
UK median hourly rate £22.50 £20.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.50% - -
10th Percentile £12.00 £12.07 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.00 £47.83
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.34 £19.00 £19.44
% change year-on-year +17.55% -2.26% -2.80%

PKI
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing PKI as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing PKI.

Contractor daily rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI.

Contractor hourly rate trend for PKI in the UK

PKI
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing PKI over the 6 months to 19 November 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for PKI in the UK

PKI
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing PKI within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 385 £500 - 49
UK excluding London +15 284 £485 +7.78% 40
London -13 138 £536 -6.74% 14
South East -28 69 £498 -0.50% 13
South West +20 63 £475 +15.85% 4
East of England +33 44 £588 +38.24% 6
North of England +28 38 £400 -5.88% 7
Midlands +59 29 £333 -44.58% 5
West Midlands +46 28 £350 -41.67% 5
North West +15 26 £388 +31.36% 4
Scotland +25 24 £575 +21.05% 2
Wales +21 19 £535 +18.89% 3
Yorkshire +21 12 £400 -11.11% 2
East Midlands +19 1 £114 -80.92%

For the 6 months to 19 November 2019, IT contractor jobs citing PKI also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for PKI.

1 223 (51.15%) Active Directory
2 202 (46.33%) Windows
3 158 (36.24%) Security Cleared
4 146 (33.49%) Microsoft
5 113 (25.92%) Azure
6 110 (25.23%) DNS
7 101 (23.17%) Windows Server
8 98 (22.48%) PowerShell
9 86 (19.72%) SC Cleared
9 86 (19.72%) Agile Software Development
10 80 (18.35%) AWS
11 74 (16.97%) Linux
11 74 (16.97%) DHCP
12 72 (16.51%) Problem-Solving
13 70 (16.06%) Docker
14 68 (15.60%) Firewall
15 65 (14.91%) Finance
15 65 (14.91%) VMware
16 64 (14.68%) DV Cleared
17 62 (14.22%) Information Security
18 60 (13.76%) SCCM
18 60 (13.76%) DevOps
18 60 (13.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
19 59 (13.53%) Windows Server 2012
20 57 (13.07%) Security Architecture
21 56 (12.84%) Java
22 55 (12.61%) Python
22 55 (12.61%) Cisco
22 55 (12.61%) Identity Access Management
23 54 (12.39%) Unix

PKI
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 43 (9.86%) SharePoint
2 39 (8.94%) Apache
2 39 (8.94%) Skype for Business
3 30 (6.88%) Confluence
4 26 (5.96%) IIS
5 23 (5.28%) MS Exchange
6 15 (3.44%) JBoss
7 13 (2.98%) OpenStack
8 11 (2.52%) nginx
9 10 (2.29%) Exchange Server 2003
10 9 (2.06%) WebLogic
11 8 (1.83%) Elasticsearch
12 6 (1.38%) Exchange Server 2013
12 6 (1.38%) Oracle HTTP Server
12 6 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 4 (0.92%) Cloud Foundry
13 4 (0.92%) Tomcat
14 3 (0.69%) Blackberry Enterprise Server
14 3 (0.69%) IBM Domino
14 3 (0.69%) WebSphere
Applications
1 13 (2.98%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.15%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 6 (1.38%) Oracle BPM
1 6 (1.38%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
2 3 (0.69%) BusinessWorks
2 3 (0.69%) Veritas eDiscovery
3 2 (0.46%) Oracle Cash Management
3 2 (0.46%) Sentinel
Cloud Services
1 113 (25.92%) Azure
2 80 (18.35%) AWS
3 53 (12.16%) Office 365
4 39 (8.94%) Azure Active Directory
5 26 (5.96%) PaaS
5 26 (5.96%) SaaS
6 21 (4.82%) Amazon EC2
7 20 (4.59%) Serverless
8 18 (4.13%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 17 (3.90%) Amazon ECS
10 16 (3.67%) GitHub
10 16 (3.67%) OpenShift
11 15 (3.44%) AWS Lambda
12 14 (3.21%) Amazon S3
12 14 (3.21%) Route 53
13 11 (2.52%) IaaS
14 10 (2.29%) Amazon CloudWatch
14 10 (2.29%) CloudFront
15 9 (2.06%) OneDrive
16 6 (1.38%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 110 (25.23%) DNS
2 74 (16.97%) DHCP
3 68 (15.60%) Firewall
4 47 (10.78%) VPN
5 36 (8.26%) Network Security
6 33 (7.57%) TCP/IP
7 32 (7.34%) Skype
8 24 (5.50%) VLAN
8 24 (5.50%) WAN
9 20 (4.59%) IPsec
9 20 (4.59%) MPLS
10 16 (3.67%) BGP
10 16 (3.67%) HTTP
10 16 (3.67%) SSL
11 15 (3.44%) Cisco ASA
11 15 (3.44%) LAN
12 14 (3.21%) Wireless
12 14 (3.21%) X.509
13 13 (2.98%) Internet
14 12 (2.75%) EIGRP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 49 (11.24%) SQL Server
2 26 (5.96%) Big Data
3 15 (3.44%) Amazon RDS
3 15 (3.44%) Hadoop
4 11 (2.52%) PostgreSQL
5 9 (2.06%) SQL Server 2012
6 8 (1.83%) MySQL
6 8 (1.83%) SQL Server 2016
7 7 (1.61%) Geospatial Data
8 5 (1.15%) Apache Accumulo
8 5 (1.15%) HBase
8 5 (1.15%) SQL Server 2008
9 4 (0.92%) Blockchain
9 4 (0.92%) Data Warehouse
9 4 (0.92%) Power BI
10 3 (0.69%) Redis
11 2 (0.46%) Aerospike
11 2 (0.46%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 2 (0.46%) Couchbase
11 2 (0.46%) Hazelcast
Development Applications
1 45 (10.32%) JIRA
2 38 (8.72%) Jenkins
3 28 (6.42%) Git (software)
4 19 (4.36%) MSI
5 8 (1.83%) Bitbucket
6 5 (1.15%) Team Foundation Server
7 4 (0.92%) Gradle
7 4 (0.92%) IBM UrbanCode
7 4 (0.92%) Maven
7 4 (0.92%) StarTeam
8 3 (0.69%) Selenium
8 3 (0.69%) TeamCity
8 3 (0.69%) VSS/SourceSafe
8 3 (0.69%) Zephyr
9 2 (0.46%) Ant
9 2 (0.46%) Artifactory
9 2 (0.46%) Cucumber
9 2 (0.46%) GitLab
9 2 (0.46%) Octopus Deploy
9 2 (0.46%) Rational DOORS
General
1 65 (14.91%) Finance
2 49 (11.24%) Public Sector
3 23 (5.28%) Telecoms
4 18 (4.13%) Manufacturing
5 17 (3.90%) Legal
6 15 (3.44%) Banking
6 15 (3.44%) Law
6 15 (3.44%) Local Government
7 10 (2.29%) Electronics
7 10 (2.29%) Marketing
8 8 (1.83%) Aerospace
8 8 (1.83%) Multimedia
8 8 (1.83%) Retail
9 4 (0.92%) Back Office
9 4 (0.92%) Investment Banking
9 4 (0.92%) Military
10 1 (0.23%) Advertising
10 1 (0.23%) Police
Job Titles
1 103 (23.62%) Architect
2 55 (12.61%) Security Architect
3 51 (11.70%) Infrastructure Engineer
4 35 (8.03%) Network Engineer
5 27 (6.19%) Support Engineer
6 23 (5.28%) Consultant
7 21 (4.82%) Developer
8 20 (4.59%) Administrator
8 20 (4.59%) Analyst
8 20 (4.59%) Cloud Architect
8 20 (4.59%) DevOps Engineer
9 18 (4.13%) Security Engineer
10 17 (3.90%) Solutions Architect
11 16 (3.67%) Applications Specialist
12 14 (3.21%) Active Directory Engineer
13 12 (2.75%) Systems Engineer
14 11 (2.52%) Delivery Manager
14 11 (2.52%) Technical Architect
15 10 (2.29%) Middleware Administrator
15 10 (2.29%) Windows Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 34 (7.80%) JSON
1 34 (7.80%) REST
2 32 (7.34%) XML
3 28 (6.42%) LDAP
4 22 (5.05%) Node.js
5 21 (4.82%) Middleware
5 21 (4.82%) SOAP
6 19 (4.36%) OAuth
7 18 (4.13%) Java EE
7 18 (4.13%) SAML
8 16 (3.67%) 802.1X
8 16 (3.67%) OpenID
9 14 (3.21%) OAuth2
9 14 (3.21%) Web Services
10 7 (1.61%) Apache NiFi
10 7 (1.61%) Kafka
10 7 (1.61%) NumPy
10 7 (1.61%) PostGIS
10 7 (1.61%) RSS
10 7 (1.61%) SciPy
Miscellaneous
1 50 (11.47%) Analytical Skills
2 43 (9.86%) Data Centre
3 30 (6.88%) Management Information System
4 10 (2.29%) Clustering
4 10 (2.29%) Replication
5 9 (2.06%) Cloud Native
5 9 (2.06%) iPhone
6 8 (1.83%) Blackberry
7 7 (1.61%) Algorithms
7 7 (1.61%) Driving Licence
8 5 (1.15%) Hybrid Cloud
8 5 (1.15%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (0.92%) Distributed Denial-of-Service
9 4 (0.92%) Enterprise Software
9 4 (0.92%) Greenfield Project
9 4 (0.92%) Grid Computing
9 4 (0.92%) Mobile App
9 4 (0.92%) Public Cloud
9 4 (0.92%) Security Operations Centre
10 3 (0.69%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 202 (46.33%) Windows
2 101 (23.17%) Windows Server
3 74 (16.97%) Linux
4 59 (13.53%) Windows Server 2012
5 54 (12.39%) Unix
6 46 (10.55%) Windows 10
7 36 (8.26%) Windows Server 2008
8 28 (6.42%) Windows 7
9 21 (4.82%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 17 (3.90%) Windows Server 2003
11 12 (2.75%) Ubuntu
12 10 (2.29%) Android
13 7 (1.61%) VMS
13 7 (1.61%) Windows 8
14 6 (1.38%) AIX
15 5 (1.15%) Debian
15 5 (1.15%) Mac OS
15 5 (1.15%) Windows XP
16 4 (0.92%) CentOS
16 4 (0.92%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 86 (19.72%) Agile Software Development
2 72 (16.51%) Problem-Solving
3 62 (14.22%) Information Security
4 60 (13.76%) DevOps
4 60 (13.76%) Infrastructure Engineering
5 57 (13.07%) Security Architecture
6 55 (12.61%) Identity Access Management
7 44 (10.09%) SIEM
8 40 (9.17%) Cybersecurity
9 37 (8.49%) ITIL
10 34 (7.80%) Migration
11 32 (7.34%) Continuous Integration
12 29 (6.65%) Risk Management
13 28 (6.42%) TOGAF
14 24 (5.50%) Disaster Recovery
14 24 (5.50%) Enterprise Architecture
14 24 (5.50%) Stakeholder Management
14 24 (5.50%) Vulnerability Management
15 23 (5.28%) Performance Tuning
15 23 (5.28%) Protective Monitoring
Programming Languages
1 98 (22.48%) PowerShell
2 56 (12.84%) Java
3 55 (12.61%) Python
4 46 (10.55%) SQL
5 38 (8.72%) Bash Shell
6 17 (3.90%) C
7 10 (2.29%) VBScript
8 8 (1.83%) VB
9 7 (1.61%) Groovy
10 5 (1.15%) JavaScript
10 5 (1.15%) Perl
11 4 (0.92%) Go
12 3 (0.69%) C#
12 3 (0.69%) C++
13 2 (0.46%) Ruby
13 2 (0.46%) Shell Script
14 1 (0.23%) Embedded C
14 1 (0.23%) Java 8
14 1 (0.23%) Kotlin
14 1 (0.23%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 158 (36.24%) Security Cleared
2 86 (19.72%) SC Cleared
3 64 (14.68%) DV Cleared
4 39 (8.94%) CISSP
5 21 (4.82%) AWS Certification
6 19 (4.36%) Degree
7 18 (4.13%) Cisco Certification
7 18 (4.13%) Microsoft Certification
8 17 (3.90%) CCNP
9 13 (2.98%) CISM
9 13 (2.98%) IISP
9 13 (2.98%) MCSE
10 9 (2.06%) CREST Certified
10 9 (2.06%) OSCP
11 8 (1.83%) CCENT
11 8 (1.83%) MCSA
12 7 (1.61%) CCIE
13 6 (1.38%) CCNA
13 6 (1.38%) SANS
14 5 (1.15%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (5.96%) PCI DSS
2 18 (4.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 10 (2.29%) COBIT
4 9 (2.06%) NIST
5 7 (1.61%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 5 (1.15%) GDPR
7 4 (0.92%) ISO/IEC 27002 (supersedes ISO/IEC 17799)
8 3 (0.69%) NCSC
9 2 (0.46%) HL7
9 2 (0.46%) SLA
10 1 (0.23%) Cyber Essentials
10 1 (0.23%) Disclosure Scotland
10 1 (0.23%) HIPAA
10 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 19770
10 1 (0.23%) ISO/IEC 27005
10 1 (0.23%) QA
System Software
1 223 (51.15%) Active Directory
2 70 (16.06%) Docker
3 49 (11.24%) VMware Infrastructure
4 27 (6.19%) Hyper-V
5 21 (4.82%) XenApp
6 14 (3.21%) vSphere
7 13 (2.98%) Microsoft App-V
7 13 (2.98%) VMware ESXi
8 11 (2.52%) Virtual Machines
8 11 (2.52%) VMware NSX
9 10 (2.29%) Citrix Presentation Server
10 9 (2.06%) XenDesktop
11 7 (1.61%) Microsoft Virtual Server
11 7 (1.61%) Virtual Servers
12 6 (1.38%) Firmware
13 5 (1.15%) BitLocker
13 5 (1.15%) HDFS
14 4 (0.92%) DFS Replication
15 2 (0.46%) Citrix Hypervisor
15 2 (0.46%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 60 (13.76%) SCCM
2 41 (9.40%) Ansible
3 33 (7.57%) SCOM
4 30 (6.88%) Single Sign-On
5 25 (5.73%) Kubernetes
6 23 (5.28%) Terraform
7 13 (2.98%) CASB
8 11 (2.52%) Microsoft Intune
8 11 (2.52%) vCenter Server
9 10 (2.29%) Opscode Chef
9 10 (2.29%) Packer
10 8 (1.83%) McAfee ePO
10 8 (1.83%) Puppet
11 7 (1.61%) WSUS
12 6 (1.38%) Oracle Identity Management
12 6 (1.38%) PingFederate
13 5 (1.15%) Microsoft Clustering
14 4 (0.92%) EMC NetWorker
14 4 (0.92%) Enterprise Manager Cloud Control
14 4 (0.92%) Netcool
Vendors
1 146 (33.49%) Microsoft
2 65 (14.91%) VMware
3 55 (12.61%) Cisco
4 45 (10.32%) Citrix
5 28 (6.42%) Oracle
6 25 (5.73%) CA
7 24 (5.50%) Atlassian
8 23 (5.28%) Splunk
9 22 (5.05%) Juniper
10 20 (4.59%) McAfee
11 15 (3.44%) SAP
12 14 (3.21%) Dell
13 12 (2.75%) Palo Alto
14 11 (2.52%) Google
15 9 (2.06%) Ivanti
16 8 (1.83%) Aruba
16 8 (1.83%) EMC
16 8 (1.83%) Infoblox
16 8 (1.83%) Meraki
16 8 (1.83%) SolarWinds