Period
to 13 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £435 per day in advertised job vacancies in the UK excluding London during the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
13 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 529 545 524
Rank change year-on-year +16 -21 -177
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 130 99 145
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 0.23% 0.18% 0.26%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.24% 0.19% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 90 59 85
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £355
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.35% +19.72% -11.25%
10th Percentile £313 £273 £263
90th Percentile £513 £491 £481
UK median daily rate £470 £463 £400
% change year-on-year +1.62% +15.63% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 5 6
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £29.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.48% -22.67% -11.76%
10th Percentile £30.45 £19.65 £34.63
90th Percentile £48.38 £45.40 £44.13
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £33.56 £37.50
% change year-on-year -1.67% -10.51% -11.76%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies in the UK excluding London with a recognized job title 53,175 50,965 53,171
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.86% 95.03% 94.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 32,817 31,299 32,797
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
10th Percentile £250 £225 £223
90th Percentile £575 £560 £550
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,385 2,270 2,649
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.74 £17.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.35% +1.37% -
10th Percentile £10.75 £10.51 £10.25
90th Percentile £47.50 £47.50 £46.00
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
% change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK excluding London

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK excluding London

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK excluding London

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK excluding London

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 13 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK excluding London

Programmer
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 13 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -10 29 £443 +4.12% 28
North of England 0 27 £450 +16.13% 52
Midlands +2 25 £440 +6.67% 55
West Midlands -8 25 £440 +6.67% 29
Scotland -8 20 £375 +32.74% 5
East of England +10 15 £350 +9.80% 26
South West -38 15 £410 -2.38% 23
North East +5 11 £470 +34.29% 3
Yorkshire -4 8 £350 -9.68% 18
North West -22 8 £575 +35.29% 31
East Midlands +6 1 - - 25
Wales - 1 - - 4
Programmer
UK

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London

For the 6 months to 13 December 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 50 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 33 (25.38%) REST
3 31 (23.85%) Microservices
4 25 (19.23%) SQL
5 23 (17.69%) Scala
5 23 (17.69%) Play Framework
6 22 (16.92%) Java
7 21 (16.15%) DevOps
8 19 (14.62%) JavaScript
8 19 (14.62%) HTML
8 19 (14.62%) C#
8 19 (14.62%) Service Delivery
9 18 (13.85%) Git (software)
10 17 (13.08%) TDD
10 17 (13.08%) CSS
11 16 (12.31%) SQL Server
11 16 (12.31%) Finance
11 16 (12.31%) HTML5
12 15 (11.54%) Node.js
13 14 (10.77%) Spring
13 14 (10.77%) Python
13 14 (10.77%) MongoDB
13 14 (10.77%) Docker
14 13 (10.00%) GitHub
14 13 (10.00%) Linux
14 13 (10.00%) Mainframe
14 13 (10.00%) Mathematics
15 12 (9.23%) Scrum
15 12 (9.23%) RPG
15 12 (9.23%) Spring Boot

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (5.38%) Apache
2 6 (4.62%) nginx
2 6 (4.62%) Tomcat
3 4 (3.08%) CICS
4 3 (2.31%) Confluence
4 3 (2.31%) TPMS
5 2 (1.54%) SAS
6 1 (0.77%) CMS
6 1 (0.77%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.77%) EPiServer
6 1 (0.77%) JBoss
6 1 (0.77%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 1 (0.77%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.77%) SharePoint
6 1 (0.77%) WebSphere
Applications
1 4 (3.08%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.77%) Siemens NX
Business Applications
1 6 (4.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (2.31%) Endur
3 2 (1.54%) CODA-Financials
4 1 (0.77%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.77%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.77%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.77%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.77%) Oracle Receivables
Cloud Services
1 13 (10.00%) GitHub
2 9 (6.92%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (5.38%) Azure Data Factory
4 6 (4.62%) Dynamics 365
5 3 (2.31%) Google Analytics
5 3 (2.31%) Slack
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon AWS
6 1 (0.77%) Amazon CloudWatch
Communications & Networking
1 6 (4.62%) TCP/IP
2 5 (3.85%) SNA
3 4 (3.08%) APPN
3 4 (3.08%) Firewall
3 4 (3.08%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 4 (3.08%) Wireshark
4 3 (2.31%) Skype
5 2 (1.54%) FTP
5 2 (1.54%) OSPF
5 2 (1.54%) SMTP
5 2 (1.54%) SNMP
5 2 (1.54%) SSL
5 2 (1.54%) Telnet
6 1 (0.77%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.77%) Broadband
6 1 (0.77%) Software-Defined Networking
6 1 (0.77%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 16 (12.31%) SQL Server
2 14 (10.77%) MongoDB
3 6 (4.62%) Azure SQL Database
3 6 (4.62%) DB2
3 6 (4.62%) Geospatial Data
3 6 (4.62%) GIS
4 5 (3.85%) MySQL
5 4 (3.08%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (1.54%) Big Data
6 2 (1.54%) IBM InfoSphere
6 2 (1.54%) NoSQL
6 2 (1.54%) Relational Database
7 1 (0.77%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.77%) BusinessObjects
7 1 (0.77%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.77%) Oracle BI Publisher
7 1 (0.77%) Oracle Database
7 1 (0.77%) Power BI
7 1 (0.77%) RDBMS
7 1 (0.77%) Redis
Development Applications
1 18 (13.85%) Git (software)
2 8 (6.15%) Visual Studio
3 6 (4.62%) Jenkins
4 5 (3.85%) Cucumber
4 5 (3.85%) JIRA
5 4 (3.08%) gulp
5 4 (3.08%) IntelliJ
6 3 (2.31%) Artifactory
6 3 (2.31%) Gatling
6 3 (2.31%) Selenium
6 3 (2.31%) Sublime Text
6 3 (2.31%) Visual Studio Code
6 3 (2.31%) WebDriver
7 2 (1.54%) Maven
8 1 (0.77%) JDeveloper
8 1 (0.77%) JUnit
8 1 (0.77%) Oracle Forms
8 1 (0.77%) PVCS
8 1 (0.77%) Subversion
8 1 (0.77%) TeamCity
General
1 16 (12.31%) Finance
2 5 (3.85%) Retail
3 4 (3.08%) Legal
4 3 (2.31%) Games
5 2 (1.54%) Banking
5 2 (1.54%) Manufacturing
5 2 (1.54%) Pharmaceutical
6 1 (0.77%) Electronics
6 1 (0.77%) General Ledger
6 1 (0.77%) Marketing
6 1 (0.77%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 33 (25.38%) REST
2 23 (17.69%) Play Framework
3 19 (14.62%) HTML
4 17 (13.08%) CSS
5 16 (12.31%) HTML5
6 15 (11.54%) Node.js
7 14 (10.77%) Spring
8 12 (9.23%) Spring Boot
9 10 (7.69%) LESS
9 10 (7.69%) Sass
10 9 (6.92%) CSS3
11 8 (6.15%) .NET
11 8 (6.15%) XML
12 7 (5.38%) JSON
12 7 (5.38%) SOAP
13 6 (4.62%) ASP.NET
13 6 (4.62%) ASP.NET MVC
13 6 (4.62%) JSON Schema
13 6 (4.62%) Web Services
13 6 (4.62%) XSD
Miscellaneous
1 13 (10.00%) Mainframe
2 8 (6.15%) iSeries
3 6 (4.62%) AS400
4 4 (3.08%) Greenfield Project
5 3 (2.31%) 3D Graphics
5 3 (2.31%) IBM Mainframe
6 2 (1.54%) PACS
6 2 (1.54%) VSAM
7 1 (0.77%) Analytical Skills
7 1 (0.77%) BBC
7 1 (0.77%) Biotechnology
7 1 (0.77%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.77%) Device Driver
7 1 (0.77%) Field-Programmable Gate Array
7 1 (0.77%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 1 (0.77%) LPAR
7 1 (0.77%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.77%) Self-Motivation
7 1 (0.77%) VHDL
7 1 (0.77%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 13 (10.00%) Linux
2 10 (7.69%) zOS
3 4 (3.08%) Windows
4 3 (2.31%) Mac OS
4 3 (2.31%) VME
5 2 (1.54%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 1 (0.77%) Android
6 1 (0.77%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.77%) FreeRTOS
6 1 (0.77%) OpenVMS
6 1 (0.77%) OS/400
6 1 (0.77%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 50 (38.46%) Agile Software Development
2 31 (23.85%) Microservices
3 21 (16.15%) DevOps
4 19 (14.62%) Service Delivery
5 17 (13.08%) TDD
6 13 (10.00%) Mathematics
7 12 (9.23%) Problem-Solving
7 12 (9.23%) Scrum
8 10 (7.69%) Computer Science
8 10 (7.69%) Continuous Integration
9 9 (6.92%) Software Engineering
10 8 (6.15%) MVC
11 6 (4.62%) CRM
11 6 (4.62%) Disaster Recovery
11 6 (4.62%) Integration Testing
11 6 (4.62%) Physics
12 5 (3.85%) Artificial Intelligence
12 5 (3.85%) ITIL
12 5 (3.85%) Test Automation
12 5 (3.85%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 25 (19.23%) SQL
2 23 (17.69%) Scala
3 22 (16.92%) Java
4 19 (14.62%) C#
4 19 (14.62%) JavaScript
5 14 (10.77%) Python
6 12 (9.23%) RPG
7 8 (6.15%) Java 8
8 7 (5.38%) C
8 7 (5.38%) C++
9 6 (4.62%) COBOL
10 5 (3.85%) RPG IV
10 5 (3.85%) VBA
11 4 (3.08%) Bash Shell
11 4 (3.08%) JCL
11 4 (3.08%) Ruby
12 3 (2.31%) Groovy
12 3 (2.31%) PHP
13 2 (1.54%) Perl
13 2 (1.54%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 5 (3.85%) Security Cleared
2 4 (3.08%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.31%) Degree
4 1 (0.77%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.77%) HNC
4 1 (0.77%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.08%) QA
2 3 (2.31%) GDPR
3 2 (1.54%) PMO
System Software
1 14 (10.77%) Docker
2 3 (2.31%) RACF
3 2 (1.54%) ACF2
4 1 (0.77%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.77%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.77%) Firmware
4 1 (0.77%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.77%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (4.62%) Kubernetes
2 4 (3.08%) Grafana
2 4 (3.08%) Graphite
2 4 (3.08%) Kibana
3 2 (1.54%) Ansible
3 2 (1.54%) Puppet
4 1 (0.77%) Mesos
4 1 (0.77%) Nagios
4 1 (0.77%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.77%) Salt
4 1 (0.77%) StatsD
4 1 (0.77%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 10 (7.69%) IBM
2 6 (4.62%) Microsoft
2 6 (4.62%) Oracle
3 4 (3.08%) Splunk
4 3 (2.31%) Fujitsu
4 3 (2.31%) Google
4 3 (2.31%) JD Edwards
5 2 (1.54%) Borland
5 2 (1.54%) CA
5 2 (1.54%) Cisco
5 2 (1.54%) CODA
6 1 (0.77%) Altera
6 1 (0.77%) BMC
6 1 (0.77%) BT
6 1 (0.77%) ICL
6 1 (0.77%) Micro Focus
6 1 (0.77%) Red Hat
6 1 (0.77%) Siemens
6 1 (0.77%) Unisys
6 1 (0.77%) Xilinx