Period
to 15 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 15 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
15 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 70 62 68
Rank change year-on-year -8 +6 +22
Contract jobs citing REST 1,539 1,888 1,642
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.10% 3.42% 3.20%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 10.92% 11.03% 10.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 987 1,176 1,066
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% -
10th Percentile £350 £325 £313
90th Percentile £588 £569 £541
UK median daily rate £500 £500 £450
% change year-on-year - +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 25 21 19
UK excluding London median hourly rate £55.00 £45.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.22% - +16.13%
10th Percentile £46.00 £35.00 £41.25
90th Percentile £68.25 £52.50 £52.80
UK median hourly rate £50.00 £42.50 £45.50
% change year-on-year +17.65% -6.59% +17.42%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 14,094 17,115 15,161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 28.40% 31.01% 29.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 9,220 11,149 9,822
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £275
90th Percentile £588 £550 £538
UK median daily rate £490 £473 £450
% change year-on-year +3.70% +5.00% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 233 246 287
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +9.33%
10th Percentile £18.50 £12.67 £15.00
90th Percentile £57.90 £54.38 £53.75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.13
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.17% +7.01%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 15 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 15 July 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 15 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -23 447 £450 -5.76% 182
North of England +8 353 £450 +4.65% 135
South West -15 197 £475 +11.76% 53
North West +23 191 £435 +8.61% 75
Scotland +7 170 £450 - 34
Midlands +18 167 £440 +3.53% 84
West Midlands +30 135 £450 +9.09% 41
Yorkshire -2 132 £460 +1.66% 43
East of England -32 107 £463 +2.78% 56
Wales +29 93 £450 +7.46% 19
North East +24 30 £450 -2.70% 17
East Midlands -20 30 £389 -8.53% 42
Northern Ireland -15 6 £475 +3.26% 3
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 15 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for REST.

1 816 (53.02%) Agile Software Development
2 698 (45.35%) Java
3 533 (34.63%) JavaScript
4 525 (34.11%) SOAP
5 485 (31.51%) Git (software)
6 481 (31.25%) Web Services
7 402 (26.12%) Spring
8 392 (25.47%) Microservices
9 389 (25.28%) JSON
10 383 (24.89%) Scrum
11 377 (24.50%) .NET
12 372 (24.17%) C#
12 372 (24.17%) SQL
13 366 (23.78%) HTML
14 350 (22.74%) CSS
15 315 (20.47%) XML
16 308 (20.01%) TDD
17 271 (17.61%) Jenkins
18 259 (16.83%) JIRA
19 257 (16.70%) Test Automation
20 253 (16.44%) AngularJS
21 242 (15.72%) Microsoft Azure
22 230 (14.94%) Finance
23 229 (14.88%) DevOps
24 218 (14.17%) MVC
25 208 (13.52%) SQL Server
25 208 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
26 203 (13.19%) Amazon AWS
27 199 (12.93%) Node.js
28 195 (12.67%) Spring Boot

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 164 (10.66%) Confluence
2 75 (4.87%) WebSphere
3 60 (3.90%) SharePoint
4 50 (3.25%) Mule
5 46 (2.99%) Anypoint
5 46 (2.99%) Apache
5 46 (2.99%) Tomcat
6 43 (2.79%) JBoss
7 36 (2.34%) CMS
8 29 (1.88%) Umbraco
9 26 (1.69%) SharePoint 2013
10 20 (1.30%) Adobe Experience Manager
11 18 (1.17%) IIS
12 17 (1.10%) BizTalk Server
12 17 (1.10%) Cloud Foundry
13 16 (1.04%) Apache Solr
13 16 (1.04%) WebLogic
14 13 (0.84%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 12 (0.78%) SharePoint 2010
16 11 (0.71%) Alfresco
Applications
1 11 (0.71%) MS Visio
2 4 (0.26%) Microsoft Excel
3 3 (0.19%) Adobe Illustrator
4 2 (0.13%) Photoshop
5 1 (0.065%) GIMP
5 1 (0.065%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.065%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.065%) OmniGraffle
Business Applications
1 43 (2.79%) Dynamics CRM
2 10 (0.65%) Remedy ITSM
3 7 (0.45%) SDL Web 8
4 6 (0.39%) Oracle EBS
5 5 (0.32%) Magento
5 5 (0.32%) Workday HCM
6 4 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
6 4 (0.26%) Fredhopper
6 4 (0.26%) Oracle BPM
6 4 (0.26%) SAP Hybris
7 3 (0.19%) Sparx Enterprise Architect
8 2 (0.13%) Payment Gateway
8 2 (0.13%) SAP ERP
8 2 (0.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 1 (0.065%) Cognos Business Intelligence
9 1 (0.065%) Cognos TM1
9 1 (0.065%) Dynamics AX
9 1 (0.065%) NetSuite
9 1 (0.065%) Oracle ERP
9 1 (0.065%) Visualfiles
Cloud Services
1 242 (15.72%) Microsoft Azure
2 203 (13.19%) Amazon AWS
3 92 (5.98%) GitHub
4 65 (4.22%) Serverless
5 53 (3.44%) Slack
6 50 (3.25%) npm
6 50 (3.25%) SaaS
7 45 (2.92%) Google Cloud Platform
8 33 (2.14%) Office 365
9 32 (2.08%) OpenShift
10 31 (2.01%) PaaS
11 29 (1.88%) AWS Lambda
12 25 (1.62%) Cloud Computing
13 22 (1.43%) Azure Functions
14 21 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
15 17 (1.10%) Amazon SQS
16 16 (1.04%) Boomi
17 15 (0.97%) Power Platform
18 14 (0.91%) Dynamics 365
19 13 (0.84%) Azure Active Directory
Communications & Networking
1 66 (4.29%) HTTP
2 30 (1.95%) SSL
3 17 (1.10%) Firewall
4 16 (1.04%) FTP
5 12 (0.78%) TCP/IP
6 11 (0.71%) DNS
6 11 (0.71%) Kerberos
7 10 (0.65%) Bluetooth
7 10 (0.65%) HTTPS
7 10 (0.65%) NFC
8 9 (0.58%) Skype
9 7 (0.45%) 4G
9 7 (0.45%) Internet
9 7 (0.45%) MQTT
9 7 (0.45%) Radio Access Network
10 6 (0.39%) LAN
10 6 (0.39%) VPN
10 6 (0.39%) WAN
11 5 (0.32%) Intranet
11 5 (0.32%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 208 (13.52%) SQL Server
2 82 (5.33%) MongoDB
3 78 (5.07%) NoSQL
4 77 (5.00%) PostgreSQL
5 74 (4.81%) Relational Database
6 36 (2.34%) DB2
7 35 (2.27%) MySQL
8 33 (2.14%) Amazon RDS
9 32 (2.08%) Azure SQL Database
9 32 (2.08%) Oracle Database
10 31 (2.01%) Cosmos DB
11 29 (1.88%) RDBMS
12 24 (1.56%) Big Data
12 24 (1.56%) Hadoop
13 22 (1.43%) Data Warehouse
14 20 (1.30%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 15 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 14 (0.91%) Power BI
17 12 (0.78%) Apache Cassandra
18 11 (0.71%) Parquet
Development Applications
1 485 (31.51%) Git (software)
2 271 (17.61%) Jenkins
3 259 (16.83%) JIRA
4 184 (11.96%) Maven
5 153 (9.94%) JUnit
6 122 (7.93%) Cucumber
7 118 (7.67%) Selenium
8 101 (6.56%) Visual Studio
9 82 (5.33%) Team Foundation Server
10 75 (4.87%) Mockito
11 56 (3.64%) Eclipse
11 56 (3.64%) SonarQube
12 53 (3.44%) Bitbucket
13 50 (3.25%) Sonatype Nexus
14 49 (3.18%) Subversion
15 48 (3.12%) TeamCity
16 47 (3.05%) Gradle
17 43 (2.79%) SoapUI
18 37 (2.40%) JMeter
19 35 (2.27%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 230 (14.94%) Finance
2 132 (8.58%) Banking
3 34 (2.21%) Retail
4 27 (1.75%) Telecoms
5 22 (1.43%) Manufacturing
6 20 (1.30%) Marketing
7 17 (1.10%) Back Office
8 14 (0.91%) Law
9 13 (0.84%) Publishing
10 12 (0.78%) Electronics
11 11 (0.71%) Legal
12 10 (0.65%) Games
13 9 (0.58%) Financial Institution
14 6 (0.39%) Aerospace
14 6 (0.39%) Automotive
14 6 (0.39%) Local Government
14 6 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
15 4 (0.26%) Investment Banking
15 4 (0.26%) Retail Banking
16 2 (0.13%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 1,030 (66.93%) Developer
2 320 (20.79%) Java Developer
3 152 (9.88%) Architect
4 137 (8.90%) .NET Developer
5 108 (7.02%) Senior Developer
6 107 (6.95%) Full Stack Developer
7 79 (5.13%) C# Developer
8 62 (4.03%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 60 (3.90%) Solutions Architect
10 47 (3.05%) C# .NET Developer
11 42 (2.73%) React Developer
11 42 (2.73%) Software Developer
12 41 (2.66%) JavaScript Developer
13 40 (2.60%) MuleSoft Developer
14 39 (2.53%) Consultant
14 39 (2.53%) Web Developer
15 37 (2.40%) Angular Developer
15 37 (2.40%) Test Engineer
16 36 (2.34%) Analyst
16 36 (2.34%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 525 (34.11%) SOAP
2 481 (31.25%) Web Services
3 402 (26.12%) Spring
4 389 (25.28%) JSON
5 377 (24.50%) .NET
6 366 (23.78%) HTML
7 350 (22.74%) CSS
8 315 (20.47%) XML
9 253 (16.44%) AngularJS
10 199 (12.93%) Node.js
11 195 (12.67%) Spring Boot
12 179 (11.63%) React
13 146 (9.49%) ASP.NET
14 145 (9.42%) HTML5
15 133 (8.64%) jQuery
16 125 (8.12%) .NET Framework
17 108 (7.02%) ASP.NET Web API
17 108 (7.02%) Hibernate
18 101 (6.56%) RESTful
19 100 (6.50%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 94 (6.11%) User Experience
2 83 (5.39%) Mobile App
3 75 (4.87%) Enterprise Software
4 60 (3.90%) Analytical Skills
5 44 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
6 28 (1.82%) Client/Server
7 23 (1.49%) Linux Command Line
7 23 (1.49%) Management Information System
7 23 (1.49%) N-Tier
8 20 (1.30%) Data Centre
9 19 (1.23%) Algorithms
9 19 (1.23%) Data Structures
9 19 (1.23%) Self-Motivation
10 18 (1.17%) CMDB
11 16 (1.04%) Public Cloud
12 15 (0.97%) PKI
13 13 (0.84%) DataPower
14 10 (0.65%) Digital Wallet
14 10 (0.65%) Mobile Banking
15 9 (0.58%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 128 (8.32%) Linux
2 94 (6.11%) Windows
3 72 (4.68%) Android
4 71 (4.61%) Unix
5 68 (4.42%) Apple iOS
6 33 (2.14%) Windows Server
7 9 (0.58%) Mac OS X
7 9 (0.58%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 9 (0.58%) VMS
7 9 (0.58%) Windows Server 2012
8 5 (0.32%) Mac OS
9 4 (0.26%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 4 (0.26%) Ubuntu
10 1 (0.065%) AIX
10 1 (0.065%) Embedded Linux
10 1 (0.065%) Solaris
10 1 (0.065%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 816 (53.02%) Agile Software Development
2 392 (25.47%) Microservices
3 383 (24.89%) Scrum
4 308 (20.01%) TDD
5 257 (16.70%) Test Automation
6 229 (14.88%) DevOps
7 218 (14.17%) MVC
8 208 (13.52%) Continuous Integration
9 155 (10.07%) BDD
10 153 (9.94%) Unit Testing
11 150 (9.75%) Kanban
12 118 (7.67%) Problem-Solving
12 118 (7.67%) Software Engineering
13 111 (7.21%) Web Development
14 110 (7.15%) SOA
15 84 (5.46%) Front End Development
16 83 (5.39%) Open Source
17 72 (4.68%) Migration
17 72 (4.68%) OO
18 70 (4.55%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 698 (45.35%) Java
2 533 (34.63%) JavaScript
3 372 (24.17%) C#
3 372 (24.17%) SQL
4 185 (12.02%) Java 8
5 96 (6.24%) Python
6 64 (4.16%) ES6
7 62 (4.03%) PowerShell
8 49 (3.18%) TypeScript
9 46 (2.99%) T-SQL
10 41 (2.66%) Groovy
11 40 (2.60%) PL/SQL
11 40 (2.60%) Scala
12 36 (2.34%) Apple Swift
13 33 (2.14%) PHP
14 30 (1.95%) Ruby
15 24 (1.56%) Perl
15 24 (1.56%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.43%) ES7
17 20 (1.30%) C
Qualifications
1 99 (6.43%) Security Cleared
2 68 (4.42%) Degree
3 67 (4.35%) SC Cleared
4 38 (2.47%) Computer Science Degree
5 26 (1.69%) BPSS Clearance
6 15 (0.97%) Cisco Certification
7 12 (0.78%) DV Cleared
7 12 (0.78%) Microsoft Certification
8 9 (0.58%) CCNA
8 9 (0.58%) MCSA
8 9 (0.58%) MCSE
8 9 (0.58%) OCA
8 9 (0.58%) Oracle Certification
8 9 (0.58%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
9 8 (0.52%) ITIL Certification
10 6 (0.39%) CCNP
10 6 (0.39%) ISTQB
11 5 (0.32%) BC Cleared
11 5 (0.32%) CISSP
11 5 (0.32%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 49 (3.18%) QA
2 14 (0.91%) GDPR
3 11 (0.71%) WCAG
4 7 (0.45%) Data Quality
5 4 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
5 4 (0.26%) GxP
5 4 (0.26%) HL7
5 4 (0.26%) PCI DSS
6 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.065%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.065%) NIST
7 1 (0.065%) PMO
7 1 (0.065%) PSD2
7 1 (0.065%) Sarbanes-Oxley
7 1 (0.065%) SLA
System Software
1 163 (10.59%) Docker
2 25 (1.62%) Active Directory
3 17 (1.10%) VMware Infrastructure
4 16 (1.04%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 16 (1.04%) HDFS
5 9 (0.58%) Postfix
6 4 (0.26%) KVM
6 4 (0.26%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 3 (0.19%) vSphere
8 2 (0.13%) Apache Flume
9 1 (0.065%) iptables
9 1 (0.065%) NFS
Systems Management
1 63 (4.09%) Kubernetes
2 44 (2.86%) Ansible
3 24 (1.56%) Puppet
4 19 (1.23%) Opscode Chef
5 14 (0.91%) PowerCLI
6 13 (0.84%) Terraform
6 13 (0.84%) Tivoli
7 12 (0.78%) Single Sign-On
8 9 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
8 9 (0.58%) SCOM
8 9 (0.58%) vCenter Server
9 8 (0.52%) Docker Swarm
10 7 (0.45%) AirWatch
10 7 (0.45%) Grafana
10 7 (0.45%) Kibana
10 7 (0.45%) Microsoft Intune
11 5 (0.32%) HP Quality Center
11 5 (0.32%) MIIS
11 5 (0.32%) Nagios
12 4 (0.26%) BMC PATROL
Vendors
1 174 (11.31%) Microsoft
2 152 (9.88%) Oracle
3 83 (5.39%) Google
4 76 (4.94%) MuleSoft
5 66 (4.29%) IBM
6 52 (3.38%) SAP
7 49 (3.18%) Atlassian
8 47 (3.05%) Salesforce.com
9 38 (2.47%) Splunk
10 37 (2.40%) WSO2
11 36 (2.34%) ServiceNow
12 33 (2.14%) AppDynamics
13 27 (1.75%) VMware
14 23 (1.49%) Cisco
15 19 (1.23%) Xamarin
16 18 (1.17%) Dell
17 17 (1.10%) Adobe
17 17 (1.10%) Telerik
18 15 (0.97%) BMC
19 14 (0.91%) Workday