Period
to 19 December 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for REST skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited REST over the 6 months to 19 December 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Representational State Transfer (REST)
UK > UK excluding London
6 months to
19 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 61 64 87
Rank change year-on-year +3 +23 +29
Contract jobs citing REST 2,091 1,662 1,406
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 3.75% 3.10% 2.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 12.04% 10.96% 8.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,304 1,081 949
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% -1.18%
10th Percentile £338 £313 £306
90th Percentile £575 £586 £544
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 29 34 9
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £32.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +38.46% -13.33%
10th Percentile £35.00 £30.27 £22.13
90th Percentile £61.25 £51.75 £41.75
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £45.00 £31.50
% change year-on-year - +42.86% -16.00%

REST is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the UK excluding London with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
UK excluding London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 17,374 15,170 15,764
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London 31.17% 28.30% 28.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 11,475 9,823 10,171
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
10th Percentile £313 £281 £275
90th Percentile £575 £550 £538
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 218 258 284
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.53 £40.15 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.43% +0.38% +6.67%
10th Percentile £16.78 £16.25 £14.37
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.88 £50.00
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.83% - +6.67%

REST
Job Vacancy Trend in the UK excluding London

Job postings citing REST as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the UK excluding London.

Job vacancy trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London.

Contractor daily rate trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the UK excluding London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK excluding London

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing REST in the UK excluding London over the 6 months to 19 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for REST in the UK excluding London

REST
Contract Job Locations in the UK excluding London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing REST within the UK excluding London region over the 6 months to 19 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South East -9 662 £475 +5.56% 137
North of England +3 353 £450 +4.65% 158
Midlands +41 310 £450 +17.26% 102
South West +17 240 £425 +11.84% 69
West Midlands +46 236 £450 +5.88% 60
Scotland +32 232 £450 +12.50% 37
East of England +16 208 £445 +4.71% 63
Yorkshire +13 167 £450 -1.10% 63
North West -13 145 £425 - 78
Wales +18 81 £425 -17.07% 19
East Midlands +22 67 £400 +22.14% 42
North East +10 41 £475 +2.70% 17
Northern Ireland +18 18 £325 -20.73% 9
REST
UK

For the 6 months to 19 December 2018, IT contractor jobs citing REST also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the UK excluding London region with a requirement for REST.

1 1,255 (60.02%) Agile Software Development
2 1,086 (51.94%) Java
3 749 (35.82%) JavaScript
4 733 (35.05%) SOAP
5 723 (34.58%) Web Services
6 635 (30.37%) Git (software)
7 621 (29.70%) TDD
8 615 (29.41%) Microservices
9 572 (27.36%) Spring
10 568 (27.16%) JSON
11 567 (27.12%) HTML
12 537 (25.68%) Scrum
13 508 (24.29%) CSS
14 505 (24.15%) SQL
14 505 (24.15%) Jenkins
15 459 (21.95%) Continuous Integration
16 431 (20.61%) Test Automation
17 414 (19.80%) .NET
18 406 (19.42%) BDD
19 404 (19.32%) C#
20 386 (18.46%) MVC
21 381 (18.22%) DevOps
22 379 (18.13%) XML
23 375 (17.93%) JIRA
24 364 (17.41%) AngularJS
25 349 (16.69%) Docker
26 311 (14.87%) Linux
27 308 (14.73%) HTML5
28 293 (14.01%) Node.js
29 286 (13.68%) Confluence

REST
Co-occurring IT Skills in the UK excluding London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 286 (13.68%) Confluence
2 86 (4.11%) Apache
3 77 (3.68%) JBoss
4 74 (3.54%) Tomcat
5 60 (2.87%) SharePoint
6 58 (2.77%) WebLogic
7 57 (2.73%) CMS
8 54 (2.58%) Mule
9 43 (2.06%) WebSphere
10 42 (2.01%) Elasticsearch
10 42 (2.01%) MQSeries
11 36 (1.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 34 (1.63%) nginx
13 32 (1.53%) SharePoint 2013
14 25 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
15 23 (1.10%) Anypoint
16 22 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 19 (0.91%) Apache Solr
18 18 (0.86%) Documentum
19 17 (0.81%) Apache Spark
Applications
1 17 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
2 15 (0.72%) Microsoft Excel
3 9 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 5 (0.24%) Photoshop
5 4 (0.19%) Fireworks
6 2 (0.096%) Adobe Illustrator
6 2 (0.096%) Microsoft Project
7 1 (0.048%) CATIA
7 1 (0.048%) Microsoft Office
7 1 (0.048%) SPSS
Business Applications
1 26 (1.24%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (0.38%) Magento
3 7 (0.33%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
4 5 (0.24%) Oracle BPM
5 4 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
6 3 (0.14%) Maximo
6 3 (0.14%) Remedy ITSM
6 3 (0.14%) SAP Hybris
7 2 (0.096%) Dynamics AX
7 2 (0.096%) SAP PM
7 2 (0.096%) SAP S/4HANA
7 2 (0.096%) Workday HCM
8 1 (0.048%) BusinessWare
8 1 (0.048%) BusinessWorks
8 1 (0.048%) Exstream
8 1 (0.048%) Infor M3
8 1 (0.048%) Oracle EBS
8 1 (0.048%) SAP MDG
8 1 (0.048%) SAP MDM
8 1 (0.048%) SDL Web 8
Cloud Services
1 252 (12.05%) Amazon AWS
2 224 (10.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 132 (6.31%) GitHub
4 66 (3.16%) Slack
5 57 (2.73%) Serverless
6 48 (2.30%) SaaS
7 45 (2.15%) npm
7 45 (2.15%) PaaS
8 43 (2.06%) Google Analytics
9 38 (1.82%) AWS Lambda
10 33 (1.58%) Google Cloud Platform
11 28 (1.34%) Amazon EC2
12 27 (1.29%) Dynamics 365
13 26 (1.24%) Amazon S3
13 26 (1.24%) OpenShift
14 24 (1.15%) Office 365
15 22 (1.05%) Azure Active Directory
16 20 (0.96%) Amazon SQS
17 17 (0.81%) AWS CloudFormation
17 17 (0.81%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 166 (7.94%) HTTP
2 65 (3.11%) SSL
3 55 (2.63%) TCP/IP
4 27 (1.29%) VPN
5 25 (1.20%) Internet
6 15 (0.72%) DNS
6 15 (0.72%) Firewall
7 14 (0.67%) Kerberos
8 13 (0.62%) Skype
9 12 (0.57%) AMQP
10 10 (0.48%) Bluetooth
11 8 (0.38%) SSH
12 6 (0.29%) HTTPS
12 6 (0.29%) Remote Desktop
13 5 (0.24%) Wireless
14 4 (0.19%) Ethernet
14 4 (0.19%) FTP
14 4 (0.19%) MPLS
14 4 (0.19%) RFID
14 4 (0.19%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 249 (11.91%) NoSQL
1 249 (11.91%) SQL Server
2 242 (11.57%) MongoDB
3 144 (6.89%) Relational Database
4 134 (6.41%) PostgreSQL
5 112 (5.36%) MySQL
6 69 (3.30%) Apache Cassandra
7 68 (3.25%) Oracle Database
8 66 (3.16%) Big Data
9 56 (2.68%) Hadoop
10 45 (2.15%) Amazon DynamoDB
10 45 (2.15%) Couchbase
11 39 (1.87%) Oracle Database 12c
12 34 (1.63%) RDBMS
13 29 (1.39%) DB2
14 28 (1.34%) Parquet
15 24 (1.15%) HBase
15 24 (1.15%) SQL Server 2012
16 23 (1.10%) Redis
17 19 (0.91%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 635 (30.37%) Git (software)
2 505 (24.15%) Jenkins
3 375 (17.93%) JIRA
4 261 (12.48%) JUnit
5 241 (11.53%) Selenium
6 237 (11.33%) Maven
7 205 (9.80%) Cucumber
8 126 (6.03%) Subversion
9 113 (5.40%) Eclipse
9 113 (5.40%) Visual Studio
10 94 (4.50%) Gradle
11 93 (4.45%) IntelliJ
12 85 (4.07%) SoapUI
13 80 (3.83%) WebDriver
14 71 (3.40%) Bitbucket
15 70 (3.35%) gulp
16 66 (3.16%) JMeter
17 65 (3.11%) Ant
18 63 (3.01%) Mockito
19 58 (2.77%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 239 (11.43%) Finance
2 118 (5.64%) Banking
3 59 (2.82%) Marketing
4 49 (2.34%) Retail
5 43 (2.06%) Games
5 43 (2.06%) Telecoms
6 34 (1.63%) Manufacturing
7 27 (1.29%) Electronics
8 24 (1.15%) Publishing
9 20 (0.96%) Law
10 14 (0.67%) Back Office
11 9 (0.43%) Legal
12 8 (0.38%) Investment Banking
13 7 (0.33%) Pharmaceutical
14 5 (0.24%) Aerospace
15 4 (0.19%) Billing
16 3 (0.14%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.096%) Multimedia
18 1 (0.048%) Advertising
18 1 (0.048%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,417 (67.77%) Developer
2 503 (24.06%) Java Developer
3 205 (9.80%) Architect
4 163 (7.80%) .NET Developer
5 110 (5.26%) Scala Developer
6 100 (4.78%) Full Stack Developer
7 97 (4.64%) Senior Developer
8 91 (4.35%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
9 83 (3.97%) C# Developer
10 82 (3.92%) React Developer
11 78 (3.73%) Solutions Architect
12 76 (3.63%) Software Engineer
13 74 (3.54%) Tester
14 61 (2.92%) Agile Developer
14 61 (2.92%) JavaScript Developer
15 58 (2.77%) Angular Developer
16 57 (2.73%) C# .NET Developer
16 57 (2.73%) Technical Architect
17 56 (2.68%) Test Engineer
18 54 (2.58%) Automation Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 733 (35.05%) SOAP
2 723 (34.58%) Web Services
3 572 (27.36%) Spring
4 568 (27.16%) JSON
5 567 (27.12%) HTML
6 508 (24.29%) CSS
7 414 (19.80%) .NET
8 379 (18.13%) XML
9 364 (17.41%) AngularJS
10 308 (14.73%) HTML5
11 293 (14.01%) Node.js
12 233 (11.14%) Spring Boot
13 219 (10.47%) jQuery
14 218 (10.43%) Hibernate
15 207 (9.90%) RESTful
16 203 (9.71%) J2EE
17 191 (9.13%) React
18 189 (9.04%) ASP.NET
19 188 (8.99%) Play Framework
20 151 (7.22%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 146 (6.98%) User Experience
2 136 (6.50%) Greenfield Project
3 89 (4.26%) Analytical Skills
4 74 (3.54%) Enterprise Software
5 64 (3.06%) Mobile App
6 55 (2.63%) Self-Motivation
7 39 (1.87%) Linux Command Line
8 37 (1.77%) DataPower
9 34 (1.63%) Management Information System
10 28 (1.34%) Virtual Team
11 20 (0.96%) iPad
12 18 (0.86%) Data Structures
12 18 (0.86%) Mobile Banking
12 18 (0.86%) Public Cloud
13 17 (0.81%) Fintech
14 15 (0.72%) Client/Server
15 12 (0.57%) Clustering
15 12 (0.57%) CMDB
16 11 (0.53%) Data Centre
16 11 (0.53%) Social Media
Operating Systems
1 311 (14.87%) Linux
2 144 (6.89%) Unix
3 137 (6.55%) Windows
4 74 (3.54%) Apple iOS
5 64 (3.06%) Android
6 42 (2.01%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 39 (1.87%) Ubuntu
8 30 (1.43%) Windows Server
9 18 (0.86%) Mac OS X
10 12 (0.57%) Mac OS
11 11 (0.53%) Solaris
12 10 (0.48%) AIX
13 7 (0.33%) Windows 7
13 7 (0.33%) Windows 8
14 3 (0.14%) HPUX
15 2 (0.096%) CentOS
15 2 (0.096%) VMS
16 1 (0.048%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,255 (60.02%) Agile Software Development
2 621 (29.70%) TDD
3 615 (29.41%) Microservices
4 537 (25.68%) Scrum
5 459 (21.95%) Continuous Integration
6 431 (20.61%) Test Automation
7 406 (19.42%) BDD
8 386 (18.46%) MVC
9 381 (18.22%) DevOps
10 235 (11.24%) Software Engineering
11 212 (10.14%) Kanban
12 202 (9.66%) Unit Testing
13 177 (8.46%) Problem-Solving
14 168 (8.03%) Web Development
15 160 (7.65%) Open Source
16 155 (7.41%) SOA
17 132 (6.31%) OO
17 132 (6.31%) SDLC
18 121 (5.79%) Mentoring
19 120 (5.74%) Pair Programming
Programming Languages
1 1,086 (51.94%) Java
2 749 (35.82%) JavaScript
3 505 (24.15%) SQL
4 404 (19.32%) C#
5 224 (10.71%) Java 8
6 213 (10.19%) Scala
7 163 (7.80%) Python
8 135 (6.46%) Ruby
9 87 (4.16%) Groovy
10 66 (3.16%) PL/SQL
11 56 (2.68%) PHP
12 52 (2.49%) PowerShell
13 46 (2.20%) Perl
14 44 (2.10%) Bash Shell
15 42 (2.01%) Java 9
16 41 (1.96%) Shell Script
17 38 (1.82%) Apple Swift
17 38 (1.82%) TypeScript
18 37 (1.77%) Objective-C
19 36 (1.72%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 122 (5.83%) Security Cleared
2 108 (5.16%) Degree
3 92 (4.40%) SC Cleared
4 47 (2.25%) BPSS Clearance
5 28 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
6 19 (0.91%) Microsoft Certification
7 18 (0.86%) DV Cleared
8 12 (0.57%) CCNA
8 12 (0.57%) Cisco Certification
8 12 (0.57%) MCSE
9 11 (0.53%) Master's Degree
10 10 (0.48%) MCSA
10 10 (0.48%) OCA
10 10 (0.48%) Oracle Certification
10 10 (0.48%) VMware Certified Professional (VCP)
11 7 (0.33%) Numerate Degree
12 5 (0.24%) DBS Check
13 4 (0.19%) CISSP
13 4 (0.19%) Sun Certification
14 3 (0.14%) ISEB
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (4.59%) QA
2 22 (1.05%) WCAG
3 11 (0.53%) Disclosure Scotland
4 5 (0.24%) PMO
5 3 (0.14%) GDPR
5 3 (0.14%) SLA
6 2 (0.096%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 1 (0.048%) Data Quality
7 1 (0.048%) GMP
7 1 (0.048%) HL7
7 1 (0.048%) PCI DSS
7 1 (0.048%) PSD2
7 1 (0.048%) SNOMED CT
System Software
1 349 (16.69%) Docker
2 39 (1.87%) Active Directory
3 30 (1.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 28 (1.34%) HDFS
5 14 (0.67%) VMware Infrastructure
6 7 (0.33%) vSphere
7 6 (0.29%) Microsoft Virtual Server
7 6 (0.29%) Virtual Machines
7 6 (0.29%) Virtual Servers
8 4 (0.19%) oVirt
8 4 (0.19%) RHEV
9 3 (0.14%) LXC
9 3 (0.14%) VMware NSX
10 2 (0.096%) ACF2
10 2 (0.096%) RACF
11 1 (0.048%) iptables
11 1 (0.048%) NFS
11 1 (0.048%) OpenAM
11 1 (0.048%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.048%) vCloud
Systems Management
1 114 (5.45%) Puppet
2 113 (5.40%) Kubernetes
3 85 (4.07%) Ansible
4 52 (2.49%) Kibana
5 49 (2.34%) Grafana
6 38 (1.82%) Opscode Chef
7 30 (1.43%) Hadoop YARN
8 24 (1.15%) Terraform
9 23 (1.10%) Nessus
10 16 (0.77%) Graphite
11 15 (0.72%) Single Sign-On
12 14 (0.67%) vCenter Server
13 12 (0.57%) HP ALM
14 11 (0.53%) PowerCLI
15 8 (0.38%) Mesos
15 8 (0.38%) Nagios
16 6 (0.29%) logstash
17 5 (0.24%) Docker Swarm
17 5 (0.24%) Prometheus
18 4 (0.19%) vRealize
Vendors
1 234 (11.19%) Oracle
2 187 (8.94%) Microsoft
3 140 (6.70%) Google
4 87 (4.16%) IBM
5 72 (3.44%) SAP
6 69 (3.30%) Atlassian
7 57 (2.73%) Adobe
8 42 (2.01%) MuleSoft
9 41 (1.96%) WSO2
10 35 (1.67%) Salesforce.com
11 33 (1.58%) webMethods
12 32 (1.53%) Splunk
13 27 (1.29%) ServiceNow
14 25 (1.20%) VMware
15 19 (0.91%) Cisco
15 19 (0.91%) Pega
15 19 (0.91%) Red Hat
16 17 (0.81%) Informatica
17 15 (0.72%) CA
17 15 (0.72%) hybris