Period
to 19 November 2017

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £463 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 644 612 413
Rank change year-on-year -32 -199 -70
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 234 285 624
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.27% 0.54%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.24% 0.29% 0.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 163 177 434
UK median daily rate £463 £395 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +17.09% -1.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £313 £285 £285
90th Percentile £636 £550 £538
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £353 £375
% change year-on-year +20.57% -6.00% +10.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 9 15
UK median hourly rate £35.56 £37.25 £42.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.54% -12.35% +21.43%
10th Percentile £22.95 £30.64 £32.50
90th Percentile £52.25 £43.15 £44.20
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.25 £37.38 £42.50
% change year-on-year -5.69% -12.06% +23.19%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 96141 99356 108750
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.81% 94.76% 94.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 63392 64835 69190
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £260 £250 £250
90th Percentile £625 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £392 £375
% change year-on-year +2.17% +4.41% +3.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2869 3292 4137
UK median hourly rate £18.70 £18.00 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.89% - +9.09%
10th Percentile £10.96 £10.50 £10.50
90th Percentile £47.83 £47.38 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -30 206 £463 +15.63% 27
London -27 113 £525 +23.53% 5
UK excluding London -35 107 £425 +20.57% 24
South East -20 33 £425 +13.33% 3
Scotland -5 20 £290 -10.77% 2
North of England +30 17 £388 +10.71% 5
South West +11 15 £425 +6.25% 4
West Midlands +35 13 £425 +34.71% 1
Midlands +31 13 £425 +30.67% 1
North West +11 10 £425 +6.25% 1
East of England -26 9 £319 -15.00% 9
Yorkshire +8 4 £388 +21.09% 3
North East +68 3 £350 +59.09% 1

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 82 (35.04%) SQL
2 72 (30.77%) Agile Software Development
3 69 (29.49%) Java
4 65 (27.78%) Finance
5 44 (18.80%) JavaScript
6 37 (15.81%) C#
7 36 (15.38%) C++
8 34 (14.53%) Docker
9 33 (14.10%) Unix
9 33 (14.10%) Banking
10 32 (13.68%) CSS
11 31 (13.25%) Python
12 28 (11.97%) Analytical Skills
13 27 (11.54%) Microservices
13 27 (11.54%) Linux
13 27 (11.54%) SQL Server
14 26 (11.11%) Oracle
14 26 (11.11%) .NET
15 24 (10.26%) NoSQL
16 23 (9.83%) HTML
17 22 (9.40%) SAS
17 22 (9.40%) Scala
17 22 (9.40%) Open Source
18 21 (8.97%) Microsoft
18 21 (8.97%) XML
19 20 (8.55%) Scrum
19 20 (8.55%) Test Automation
20 19 (8.12%) Git (software)
20 19 (8.12%) TDD
21 18 (7.69%) C

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (9.40%) SAS
2 9 (3.85%) CICS
2 9 (3.85%) Oracle Workflow
3 8 (3.42%) Apache Spark
4 6 (2.56%) MQSeries
5 3 (1.28%) Apache
5 3 (1.28%) IIS
5 3 (1.28%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 2 (0.85%) Confluence
6 2 (0.85%) JBoss
6 2 (0.85%) Oracle HTTP Server
6 2 (0.85%) Oracle Service Bus
6 2 (0.85%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.85%) Tuxedo
6 2 (0.85%) WebLogic
6 2 (0.85%) WordPress
7 1 (0.43%) CMS
7 1 (0.43%) IBM HTTP Server
7 1 (0.43%) OpenEdge
7 1 (0.43%) SharePoint
Applications
1 10 (4.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.85%) Microsoft Office
3 6 (2.56%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 2 (0.85%) S-PLUS
4 2 (0.85%) SPSS
5 1 (0.43%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.43%) Stata
Business Applications
1 11 (4.70%) Oracle BPM
2 9 (3.85%) Sonata
3 2 (0.85%) Cognos Business Intelligence
3 2 (0.85%) Cognos TM1
3 2 (0.85%) SunGard GMI
4 1 (0.43%) Aareon QL
4 1 (0.43%) Academy Housing
4 1 (0.43%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.43%) Infor LN
4 1 (0.43%) INSURE/90
4 1 (0.43%) Kypera Housing
4 1 (0.43%) MIS ActiveH
4 1 (0.43%) Movex
4 1 (0.43%) Northgate Housing
4 1 (0.43%) OPENHousing
4 1 (0.43%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.43%) Orchard Housing
4 1 (0.43%) SAP MII
Cloud Services
1 9 (3.85%) Amazon AWS
2 4 (1.71%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (1.28%) Serverless
4 1 (0.43%) Adobe Analytics
4 1 (0.43%) GitHub
4 1 (0.43%) npm
4 1 (0.43%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.56%) Kerberos
1 6 (2.56%) SSH
1 6 (2.56%) SSL
2 5 (2.14%) HTTP
3 4 (1.71%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.85%) HTTPS
4 2 (0.85%) Intranet
5 1 (0.43%) Bluetooth
5 1 (0.43%) Ethernet
5 1 (0.43%) Wi-Fi
5 1 (0.43%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 27 (11.54%) SQL Server
2 24 (10.26%) NoSQL
3 16 (6.84%) MongoDB
4 13 (5.56%) SQL Server Reporting Services
5 11 (4.70%) DB2
5 11 (4.70%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 9 (3.85%) Big Data
7 8 (3.42%) Data Warehouse
7 8 (3.42%) Hadoop
7 8 (3.42%) MySQL
7 8 (3.42%) Relational Database
8 7 (2.99%) PostgreSQL
8 7 (2.99%) RDBMS
9 6 (2.56%) Oracle Database
10 5 (2.14%) Adabas
10 5 (2.14%) BusinessObjects
10 5 (2.14%) Oracle Reports
11 4 (1.71%) Crystal Reports
12 3 (1.28%) Base SAS
12 3 (1.28%) SAS Enterprise Guide
Development Applications
1 19 (8.12%) Git (software)
2 18 (7.69%) IntelliJ
3 12 (5.13%) Jasmine
4 8 (3.42%) Jenkins
4 8 (3.42%) JUnit
5 7 (2.99%) JIRA
6 6 (2.56%) Gerrit
6 6 (2.56%) Maven
6 6 (2.56%) Visual Studio
7 5 (2.14%) Eclipse
7 5 (2.14%) Grunt
7 5 (2.14%) gulp
8 4 (1.71%) GitLab
8 4 (1.71%) PhpStorm
8 4 (1.71%) TeamCity
9 3 (1.28%) Cucumber
9 3 (1.28%) GDB
9 3 (1.28%) Mocha
9 3 (1.28%) Sinon.JS
9 3 (1.28%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 65 (27.78%) Finance
2 33 (14.10%) Banking
3 11 (4.70%) Front Office
4 9 (3.85%) Financial Institution
5 7 (2.99%) Pharmaceutical
6 6 (2.56%) Back Office
7 5 (2.14%) Games
7 5 (2.14%) Investment Banking
8 4 (1.71%) Manufacturing
9 3 (1.28%) International Banking
10 2 (0.85%) Aerospace
10 2 (0.85%) Automotive
10 2 (0.85%) Publishing
10 2 (0.85%) Retail
10 2 (0.85%) Retail Banking
11 1 (0.43%) Electronics
11 1 (0.43%) Marketing
11 1 (0.43%) Portuguese Language
11 1 (0.43%) Spanish Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 32 (13.68%) CSS
2 26 (11.11%) .NET
3 23 (9.83%) HTML
4 21 (8.97%) XML
5 16 (6.84%) JSON
5 16 (6.84%) Play Framework
6 13 (5.56%) Web Services
7 12 (5.13%) RESTful
8 11 (4.70%) Middleware
9 9 (3.85%) HTML5
9 9 (3.85%) Node.js
10 7 (2.99%) AngularJS
10 7 (2.99%) Ext JS
10 7 (2.99%) REST
11 6 (2.56%) Flask
11 6 (2.56%) ISPF
11 6 (2.56%) jQuery
11 6 (2.56%) Kafka
11 6 (2.56%) React
12 5 (2.14%) CSS3
Miscellaneous
1 28 (11.97%) Analytical Skills
2 14 (5.98%) Mobile App
3 12 (5.13%) Computer Science
4 10 (4.27%) Mainframe
5 7 (2.99%) Animation
5 7 (2.99%) Derivative
5 7 (2.99%) Fixed Income
5 7 (2.99%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 6 (2.56%) AS400
6 6 (2.56%) Data Structures
6 6 (2.56%) PKI
7 4 (1.71%) iPad
7 4 (1.71%) Life Science
7 4 (1.71%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.71%) Market Risk
7 4 (1.71%) Spread Betting
8 3 (1.28%) Equities
8 3 (1.28%) iPhone
8 3 (1.28%) Linked Data
8 3 (1.28%) SCADA
Operating Systems
1 33 (14.10%) Unix
2 27 (11.54%) Linux
3 14 (5.98%) Android
3 14 (5.98%) Apple iOS
3 14 (5.98%) Windows
4 8 (3.42%) zOS
5 2 (0.85%) AIX
5 2 (0.85%) Embedded Linux
5 2 (0.85%) MVS
5 2 (0.85%) Ubuntu
5 2 (0.85%) Windows Server
6 1 (0.43%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (30.77%) Agile Software Development
2 27 (11.54%) Microservices
3 22 (9.40%) Open Source
4 20 (8.55%) Scrum
4 20 (8.55%) Test Automation
5 19 (8.12%) TDD
6 15 (6.41%) Software Engineering
7 14 (5.98%) Data Analysis
8 13 (5.56%) Continuous Integration
8 13 (5.56%) Project Management
9 12 (5.13%) Business Intelligence
9 12 (5.13%) Systems Analysis
10 11 (4.70%) BDD
10 11 (4.70%) Unit Testing
10 11 (4.70%) Workflow
11 10 (4.27%) Continuous Delivery
11 10 (4.27%) ETL
11 10 (4.27%) Web Development
12 9 (3.85%) Defect Management
12 9 (3.85%) DevOps
Programming Languages
1 82 (35.04%) SQL
2 69 (29.49%) Java
3 44 (18.80%) JavaScript
4 37 (15.81%) C#
5 36 (15.38%) C++
6 31 (13.25%) Python
7 22 (9.40%) Scala
8 18 (7.69%) C
9 12 (5.13%) Shell Script
10 11 (4.70%) PHP
10 11 (4.70%) PL/SQL
11 9 (3.85%) JCL
11 9 (3.85%) Perl
11 9 (3.85%) T-SQL
12 7 (2.99%) R
13 6 (2.56%) Assembly Language
13 6 (2.56%) CLIST
13 6 (2.56%) Delphi
13 6 (2.56%) REXX
13 6 (2.56%) RPG
Qualifications
1 14 (5.98%) Security Cleared
2 13 (5.56%) Degree
3 8 (3.42%) Computer Science Degree
4 6 (2.56%) SC Cleared
5 3 (1.28%) CTC Cleared
6 1 (0.43%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.43%) Numerate Degree
6 1 (0.43%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.85%) QA
1 9 (3.85%) SLA
2 8 (3.42%) MiFID
3 4 (1.71%) EMIR
4 3 (1.28%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.85%) CDISC
5 2 (0.85%) Disclosure Scotland
5 2 (0.85%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.85%) GCP
5 2 (0.85%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.43%) ISO 26262
System Software
1 34 (14.53%) Docker
2 6 (2.56%) Job Entry Subsystem
2 6 (2.56%) RACF
2 6 (2.56%) Time Sharing Option
3 1 (0.43%) Active Directory
3 1 (0.43%) Advanced Linux Sound Architecture
3 1 (0.43%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 16 (6.84%) Puppet
2 9 (3.85%) Kubernetes
3 6 (2.56%) zSecure
4 4 (1.71%) ITRS Geneos
5 2 (0.85%) Data Guard
5 2 (0.85%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.43%) Ansible
6 1 (0.43%) Hadoop YARN
6 1 (0.43%) WSUS
Vendors
1 26 (11.11%) Oracle
2 21 (8.97%) Microsoft
3 15 (6.41%) IBM
4 9 (3.85%) Apple
5 8 (3.42%) Sybase
6 7 (2.99%) CA
7 6 (2.56%) SAP
8 4 (1.71%) AppDynamics
8 4 (1.71%) Cognos
8 4 (1.71%) HP
8 4 (1.71%) Splunk
9 3 (1.28%) Charles River
10 2 (0.85%) CQG
10 2 (0.85%) Fidessa
10 2 (0.85%) Hyperion
10 2 (0.85%) Informatica
10 2 (0.85%) Progress
10 2 (0.85%) Software AG
10 2 (0.85%) SunGard
10 2 (0.85%) Tableau