Period
to 25 April 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
25 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 657 536 509
Rank change year-on-year -121 -27 -136
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 227 297 413
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.22% 0.33% 0.39%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.24% 0.34% 0.41%
Number of daily rates quoted 145 220 289
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +10.34%
10th Percentile £313 £267 £256
90th Percentile £731 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £388 £400
% change year-on-year -3.23% -3.13% +17.65%
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 6 10
UK median hourly rate £37.50 £39.88 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.96% +6.33% -11.76%
10th Percentile £30.43 £33.56 £15.00
90th Percentile £38.75 £71.25 £44.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £37.25 £35.00
% change year-on-year -12.75% +6.43% -

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 95,901 86,525 101,559
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.91% 94.89% 95.07%
Number of daily rates quoted 63,021 56,233 65,530
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £263 £260 £250
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +2.50% +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,957 2,968 3,322
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £19.00 £19.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.63% -2.56% +14.71%
10th Percentile £10.78 £10.75 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.57 £48.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £19.00
% change year-on-year -2.78% -5.26% +15.15%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 25 April 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -79 215 £475 +11.76% 204
London -62 112 £550 +22.22% 30
UK excluding London -51 111 £375 -3.23% 182
South East -31 41 £425 +15.25% 39
Midlands -11 23 £375 -11.76% 55
North of England -19 18 £375 +5.63% 27
East Midlands 0 13 £479 +31.23% 14
North West -11 11 £438 +23.24% 8
South West +14 10 £325 -12.46% 24
East of England -3 9 £363 -14.71% 29
West Midlands -32 9 £375 -11.76% 41
Scotland -31 8 £425 +37.10% 8
Yorkshire -24 2 £465 +28.28% 14
Northern Ireland - 2 £409 -
North East +23 1 £353 - 5

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 April 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 75 (33.04%) Java
2 72 (31.72%) Agile Software Development
3 67 (29.52%) SQL
4 50 (22.03%) Finance
5 48 (21.15%) C#
6 42 (18.50%) JavaScript
6 42 (18.50%) Python
7 39 (17.18%) Linux
8 31 (13.66%) Scrum
9 30 (13.22%) Unix
10 29 (12.78%) HTML
10 29 (12.78%) Banking
11 28 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
12 27 (11.89%) AngularJS
13 26 (11.45%) Software Engineering
14 25 (11.01%) Oracle
15 23 (10.13%) Big Data
15 23 (10.13%) Analytics
15 23 (10.13%) Analytical Skills
16 22 (9.69%) Microsoft Excel
17 21 (9.25%) .NET
17 21 (9.25%) Project Management
18 20 (8.81%) Git (software)
19 19 (8.37%) Visualisation
19 19 (8.37%) HTML5
19 19 (8.37%) C++
20 18 (7.93%) Spring
20 18 (7.93%) Data Visualisation
21 17 (7.49%) Docker
21 17 (7.49%) Test Automation

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (4.41%) Apache Spark
2 6 (2.64%) nginx
2 6 (2.64%) SAS
3 5 (2.20%) Tomcat
4 4 (1.76%) Confluence
4 4 (1.76%) IIS
4 4 (1.76%) Oracle Coherence
5 2 (0.88%) Apache Airflow
5 2 (0.88%) CICS
5 2 (0.88%) Ethereum
5 2 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 2 (0.88%) Oracle Workflow
6 1 (0.44%) Apache
6 1 (0.44%) CMS
6 1 (0.44%) Elasticsearch
6 1 (0.44%) JBoss
6 1 (0.44%) OpenEdge
6 1 (0.44%) Smallworld
6 1 (0.44%) uWSGI
6 1 (0.44%) WebLogic
Applications
1 22 (9.69%) Microsoft Excel
2 9 (3.96%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 4 (1.76%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.88%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.44%) Spreadsheet
5 1 (0.44%) Stata
Business Applications
1 5 (2.20%) Temenos T24
2 4 (1.76%) SAP HCM
2 4 (1.76%) Temenos Globus
3 2 (0.88%) Oracle BPM
3 2 (0.88%) Sonata
4 1 (0.44%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.44%) INSURE/90
4 1 (0.44%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.44%) Oracle Payables
Cloud Services
1 13 (5.73%) GitHub
2 5 (2.20%) Amazon AWS
2 5 (2.20%) Google Analytics
2 5 (2.20%) SuccessFactors
3 4 (1.76%) Microsoft Azure
4 2 (0.88%) npm
5 1 (0.44%) SaaS
5 1 (0.44%) Serverless
5 1 (0.44%) Veeva
Communications & Networking
1 8 (3.52%) TCP/IP
2 6 (2.64%) HTTP
3 5 (2.20%) SSL
4 3 (1.32%) Ethernet
5 2 (0.88%) 5G
5 2 (0.88%) Internet
5 2 (0.88%) SNMP
5 2 (0.88%) SSH
6 1 (0.44%) 3GPP
6 1 (0.44%) BOOTP
6 1 (0.44%) DSL
6 1 (0.44%) HTTPS
6 1 (0.44%) Intranet
6 1 (0.44%) LTE
6 1 (0.44%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 23 (10.13%) Big Data
2 17 (7.49%) NoSQL
2 17 (7.49%) Relational Database
2 17 (7.49%) SQL Server
3 14 (6.17%) BusinessObjects
4 13 (5.73%) MongoDB
5 12 (5.29%) Hadoop
6 11 (4.85%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 9 (3.96%) Data Warehouse
7 9 (3.96%) Spotfire
8 5 (2.20%) DB2
8 5 (2.20%) MySQL
8 5 (2.20%) Oracle Reports
8 5 (2.20%) Redis
9 4 (1.76%) Crystal Reports
9 4 (1.76%) RDBMS
9 4 (1.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 3 (1.32%) HBase
10 3 (1.32%) Oracle Database
10 3 (1.32%) PostgreSQL
Development Applications
1 20 (8.81%) Git (software)
2 13 (5.73%) Jenkins
2 13 (5.73%) JIRA
3 11 (4.85%) Cucumber
4 10 (4.41%) JUnit
5 9 (3.96%) IntelliJ
6 8 (3.52%) ProC
7 6 (2.64%) Selenium
8 5 (2.20%) Ant
8 5 (2.20%) Gatling
8 5 (2.20%) Grunt
8 5 (2.20%) gulp
8 5 (2.20%) Karma Test Runner
8 5 (2.20%) Sublime Text
9 4 (1.76%) Eclipse
10 3 (1.32%) Gradle
10 3 (1.32%) Maven
10 3 (1.32%) Subversion
10 3 (1.32%) Team Foundation Server
10 3 (1.32%) Visual Studio
General
1 50 (22.03%) Finance
2 29 (12.78%) Banking
3 13 (5.73%) Front Office
4 11 (4.85%) Pharmaceutical
5 8 (3.52%) Investment Banking
6 5 (2.20%) Games
7 4 (1.76%) Financial Institution
7 4 (1.76%) Retail
8 3 (1.32%) Back Office
9 2 (0.88%) Law
9 2 (0.88%) Legal
9 2 (0.88%) Telecoms
10 1 (0.44%) Aerospace
10 1 (0.44%) Automotive
10 1 (0.44%) French Language
10 1 (0.44%) General Ledger
10 1 (0.44%) International Banking
10 1 (0.44%) Manufacturing
10 1 (0.44%) Marketing
10 1 (0.44%) Retail Banking
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 29 (12.78%) HTML
2 27 (11.89%) AngularJS
3 21 (9.25%) .NET
4 19 (8.37%) HTML5
5 18 (7.93%) Spring
6 17 (7.49%) Web Services
7 16 (7.05%) CSS
7 16 (7.05%) REST
8 14 (6.17%) Spring Boot
9 13 (5.73%) Kafka
9 13 (5.73%) XML
10 12 (5.29%) JSON
10 12 (5.29%) Node.js
11 11 (4.85%) jQuery
12 8 (3.52%) React
12 8 (3.52%) RESTful
13 7 (3.08%) ASP.NET
13 7 (3.08%) J2EE
14 6 (2.64%) Hibernate
14 6 (2.64%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 23 (10.13%) Analytical Skills
2 16 (7.05%) Hedge funds
3 13 (5.73%) Computer Science
4 9 (3.96%) FMCG
5 8 (3.52%) Derivative
5 8 (3.52%) Fixed Income
6 7 (3.08%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 6 (2.64%) Fintech
8 5 (2.20%) Greenfield Project
8 5 (2.20%) Mainframe
8 5 (2.20%) PMI
8 5 (2.20%) Self-Motivation
9 4 (1.76%) AS400
9 4 (1.76%) User Experience
10 3 (1.32%) 3D Graphics
10 3 (1.32%) iSeries
10 3 (1.32%) Mobile App
11 2 (0.88%) Equities
11 2 (0.88%) IBM Mainframe
11 2 (0.88%) Java Card
Operating Systems
1 39 (17.18%) Linux
2 30 (13.22%) Unix
3 16 (7.05%) Windows
4 8 (3.52%) Ubuntu
5 4 (1.76%) Mac OS X
6 3 (1.32%) Android
6 3 (1.32%) zOS
7 2 (0.88%) Apple iOS
7 2 (0.88%) Mac OS
7 2 (0.88%) VxWorks
7 2 (0.88%) Windows 10
7 2 (0.88%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.44%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 72 (31.72%) Agile Software Development
2 31 (13.66%) Scrum
3 28 (12.33%) Problem-Solving
4 26 (11.45%) Software Engineering
5 23 (10.13%) Analytics
6 21 (9.25%) Project Management
7 19 (8.37%) Visualisation
8 18 (7.93%) Data Visualisation
9 17 (7.49%) Test Automation
10 16 (7.05%) Continuous Integration
11 15 (6.61%) Web Development
12 14 (6.17%) DevOps
12 14 (6.17%) SDLC
12 14 (6.17%) TDD
13 13 (5.73%) Microservices
14 12 (5.29%) Migration
14 12 (5.29%) OO
14 12 (5.29%) Translating Business Requirements
15 11 (4.85%) MVC
16 10 (4.41%) Risk Management
Programming Languages
1 75 (33.04%) Java
2 67 (29.52%) SQL
3 48 (21.15%) C#
4 42 (18.50%) JavaScript
4 42 (18.50%) Python
5 19 (8.37%) C++
6 17 (7.49%) RPG
6 17 (7.49%) Scala
7 15 (6.61%) C
8 12 (5.29%) Haskell
8 12 (5.29%) PL/SQL
9 10 (4.41%) Perl
10 9 (3.96%) PHP
11 8 (3.52%) VBA
12 7 (3.08%) R
12 7 (3.08%) Ruby
13 6 (2.64%) Groovy
13 6 (2.64%) Java 8
13 6 (2.64%) RPG IV
13 6 (2.64%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 14 (6.17%) Degree
2 8 (3.52%) SC Cleared
2 8 (3.52%) Security Cleared
3 5 (2.20%) CFA
3 5 (2.20%) Computer Science Degree
3 5 (2.20%) MBA
3 5 (2.20%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (3.96%) CDISC
2 8 (3.52%) Data Quality
3 5 (2.20%) QA
4 2 (0.88%) Disclosure Scotland
4 2 (0.88%) GCP
4 2 (0.88%) MiFID
4 2 (0.88%) SLA
5 1 (0.44%) Dodd-Frank
5 1 (0.44%) EMIR
5 1 (0.44%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 17 (7.49%) Docker
2 3 (1.32%) HDFS
3 2 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
4 1 (0.44%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 1 (0.44%) RACF
4 1 (0.44%) Time Sharing Option
Systems Management
1 6 (2.64%) Kibana
1 6 (2.64%) Puppet
2 5 (2.20%) Grafana
3 2 (0.88%) Hadoop YARN
3 2 (0.88%) ITRS Geneos
3 2 (0.88%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.44%) HP ALM
4 1 (0.44%) Packer
4 1 (0.44%) Single Sign-On
4 1 (0.44%) Tivoli NetView
Vendors
1 25 (11.01%) Oracle
2 13 (5.73%) Cognos
2 13 (5.73%) SAP
3 12 (5.29%) Microsoft
4 10 (4.41%) Tableau
5 8 (3.52%) IBM
6 6 (2.64%) Bloomberg
7 5 (2.20%) Google
8 4 (1.76%) jBASE
8 4 (1.76%) Temenos
9 3 (1.32%) Remedy
9 3 (1.32%) Splunk
10 2 (0.88%) AppDynamics
10 2 (0.88%) Atlassian
10 2 (0.88%) Blue Prism
10 2 (0.88%) Zend
11 1 (0.44%) Automation Anywhere
11 1 (0.44%) Dynatrace
11 1 (0.44%) Greenplum
11 1 (0.44%) Roku