Period
to 10 December 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £470 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
10 Dec 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 602 674 631
Rank change year-on-year +72 -43 -220
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 286 226 261
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.27% 0.22% 0.25%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.29% 0.23% 0.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 213 159 162
UK median daily rate £470 £463 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.62% +15.63% -
10th Percentile £325 £303 £276
90th Percentile £638 £650 £561
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £425 £355
% change year-on-year +2.35% +19.72% -11.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 8 7
UK median hourly rate £33.00 £33.56 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.67% -10.51% -11.76%
10th Percentile £30.45 £22.95 £29.26
90th Percentile £52.25 £50.85 £43.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £39.00 £29.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +34.48% -22.67% -11.76%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 99,545 97,274 97,328
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.76% 94.93% 94.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 65,895 64,435 63,507
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +4.94%
10th Percentile £270 £258 £250
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £393
% change year-on-year +6.25% +1.91% +4.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,076 2,850 3,288
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% +3.89% -
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.79 £10.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £47.83 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.74 £17.50
% change year-on-year -1.35% +1.37% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 10 December 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 15 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 10 December 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 259 £470 +1.62% 216
London +45 150 £568 +8.10% 28
UK excluding London +4 129 £435 +2.35% 199
South East -20 28 £450 +5.88% 29
North of England -4 27 £450 +16.13% 46
Midlands +3 25 £440 +6.67% 63
West Midlands -4 25 £440 +6.67% 32
Scotland -11 20 £375 +32.74% 6
East of England -4 15 £350 +9.80% 29
South West -34 15 £410 -2.38% 22
North East -3 11 £470 +34.29% 5
Yorkshire -7 8 £350 -9.68% 13
North West -14 8 £575 +35.29% 28
East Midlands +9 1 - - 30
Wales - 1 - - 3

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 10 December 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 90 (31.47%) Agile Software Development
2 68 (23.78%) Java
3 57 (19.93%) Python
4 54 (18.88%) SQL
5 53 (18.53%) C#
6 48 (16.78%) Microservices
7 46 (16.08%) .NET
8 41 (14.34%) TDD
8 41 (14.34%) Finance
9 38 (13.29%) REST
10 37 (12.94%) Spring
11 33 (11.54%) Scala
11 33 (11.54%) JavaScript
12 32 (11.19%) Software Engineering
13 31 (10.84%) Git (software)
13 31 (10.84%) HTML
14 29 (10.14%) Scrum
15 28 (9.79%) Play Framework
15 28 (9.79%) DevOps
15 28 (9.79%) Spring Boot
16 26 (9.09%) C++
17 25 (8.74%) Unix
18 24 (8.39%) SQL Server
18 24 (8.39%) WPF
19 23 (8.04%) CSS
20 22 (7.69%) MongoDB
21 21 (7.34%) Linux
21 21 (7.34%) Service Delivery
22 20 (6.99%) HTML5
23 19 (6.64%) Java 8

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (6.29%) WebSphere
2 10 (3.50%) Apache
3 9 (3.15%) Tomcat
4 6 (2.10%) CICS
4 6 (2.10%) nginx
4 6 (2.10%) SAS
5 3 (1.05%) Confluence
5 3 (1.05%) TPMS
6 2 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (0.70%) JBoss
6 2 (0.70%) WebSphere Application Server
7 1 (0.35%) Anypoint
7 1 (0.35%) CMS
7 1 (0.35%) IIS
7 1 (0.35%) Moodle
7 1 (0.35%) Mule
7 1 (0.35%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 1 (0.35%) Oracle Workflow
7 1 (0.35%) SharePoint
7 1 (0.35%) WordPress
Applications
1 11 (3.85%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (1.05%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.35%) Microsoft Office
3 1 (0.35%) Siemens NX
3 1 (0.35%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 6 (2.10%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (1.05%) Endur
3 2 (0.70%) CODA-Financials
3 2 (0.70%) Markit EDM
4 1 (0.35%) Decalog
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.35%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.35%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 14 (4.90%) GitHub
2 10 (3.50%) Microsoft Azure
3 7 (2.45%) Azure Data Factory
4 6 (2.10%) Dynamics 365
5 3 (1.05%) Google Analytics
5 3 (1.05%) Slack
6 2 (0.70%) Amazon AWS
6 2 (0.70%) Serverless
7 1 (0.35%) Amazon CloudWatch
7 1 (0.35%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (0.35%) Google Cloud Platform
7 1 (0.35%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 6 (2.10%) TCP/IP
2 5 (1.75%) SNA
3 4 (1.40%) APPN
3 4 (1.40%) Firewall
3 4 (1.40%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 4 (1.40%) SSL
3 4 (1.40%) Wireshark
4 3 (1.05%) Skype
4 3 (1.05%) SMTP
4 3 (1.05%) SNMP
5 2 (0.70%) FTP
5 2 (0.70%) HTTP
5 2 (0.70%) OSPF
5 2 (0.70%) SMS
5 2 (0.70%) Telnet
6 1 (0.35%) Bluetooth
6 1 (0.35%) Broadband
6 1 (0.35%) Software-Defined Networking
6 1 (0.35%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 24 (8.39%) SQL Server
2 22 (7.69%) MongoDB
3 18 (6.29%) Relational Database
4 15 (5.24%) NoSQL
5 13 (4.55%) Big Data
6 10 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
7 9 (3.15%) DB2
8 6 (2.10%) Azure SQL Database
8 6 (2.10%) Geospatial Data
8 6 (2.10%) GIS
8 6 (2.10%) MySQL
9 5 (1.75%) Oracle Database
10 4 (1.40%) Apache Cassandra
10 4 (1.40%) BusinessObjects
11 3 (1.05%) Aerospike
11 3 (1.05%) Data Warehouse
11 3 (1.05%) Oracle Reports
11 3 (1.05%) Spotfire
11 3 (1.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 2 (0.70%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 31 (10.84%) Git (software)
2 10 (3.50%) Jenkins
3 9 (3.15%) Cucumber
4 8 (2.80%) Visual Studio
5 7 (2.45%) IntelliJ
5 7 (2.45%) Maven
6 6 (2.10%) gulp
7 5 (1.75%) Eclipse
8 4 (1.40%) JIRA
8 4 (1.40%) JUnit
9 3 (1.05%) Artifactory
9 3 (1.05%) Gatling
9 3 (1.05%) Gradle
9 3 (1.05%) Selenium
9 3 (1.05%) Sublime Text
9 3 (1.05%) Visual Studio Code
9 3 (1.05%) WebDriver
10 2 (0.70%) Grunt
10 2 (0.70%) NetBeans
11 1 (0.35%) Subversion
General
1 41 (14.34%) Finance
2 18 (6.29%) Banking
3 7 (2.45%) Games
4 5 (1.75%) Pharmaceutical
4 5 (1.75%) Publishing
4 5 (1.75%) Retail
5 4 (1.40%) Legal
6 3 (1.05%) Back Office
6 3 (1.05%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.05%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.70%) French Language
7 2 (0.70%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.35%) Electronics
8 1 (0.35%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.35%) Front Office
8 1 (0.35%) General Ledger
8 1 (0.35%) Law
8 1 (0.35%) Marketing
8 1 (0.35%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 46 (16.08%) .NET
2 38 (13.29%) REST
3 37 (12.94%) Spring
4 31 (10.84%) HTML
5 28 (9.79%) Play Framework
5 28 (9.79%) Spring Boot
6 24 (8.39%) WPF
7 23 (8.04%) CSS
8 20 (6.99%) HTML5
9 18 (6.29%) AngularJS
9 18 (6.29%) Node.js
10 15 (5.24%) Boost C++ Libraries
11 12 (4.20%) ASP.NET
11 12 (4.20%) Sass
12 11 (3.85%) XML
13 10 (3.50%) LESS
14 9 (3.15%) CSS3
14 9 (3.15%) JSON
14 9 (3.15%) Web Services
15 8 (2.80%) ASP.NET MVC
Miscellaneous
1 16 (5.59%) Mainframe
2 15 (5.24%) Derivative
3 12 (4.20%) iSeries
4 9 (3.15%) AS400
4 9 (3.15%) Greenfield Project
5 7 (2.45%) Fixed Income
6 6 (2.10%) Analytical Skills
6 6 (2.10%) Private Cloud
7 3 (1.05%) 3D Graphics
7 3 (1.05%) Fintech
7 3 (1.05%) FMCG
7 3 (1.05%) IBM Mainframe
8 2 (0.70%) Clustering
8 2 (0.70%) Life Science
8 2 (0.70%) Linux Command Line
8 2 (0.70%) PACS
8 2 (0.70%) Reinsurance
8 2 (0.70%) Self-Motivation
8 2 (0.70%) User Experience
8 2 (0.70%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 25 (8.74%) Unix
2 21 (7.34%) Linux
3 11 (3.85%) zOS
4 5 (1.75%) Windows
5 3 (1.05%) Android
5 3 (1.05%) Mac OS
5 3 (1.05%) VME
6 2 (0.70%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.35%) Apple iOS
7 1 (0.35%) FreeRTOS
7 1 (0.35%) OpenVMS
7 1 (0.35%) OS/400
7 1 (0.35%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 90 (31.47%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (16.78%) Microservices
3 41 (14.34%) TDD
4 32 (11.19%) Software Engineering
5 29 (10.14%) Scrum
6 28 (9.79%) DevOps
7 21 (7.34%) Service Delivery
8 18 (6.29%) Mathematics
8 18 (6.29%) Problem-Solving
9 17 (5.94%) Continuous Integration
10 15 (5.24%) Computer Science
11 12 (4.20%) E-Commerce
11 12 (4.20%) MVC
12 11 (3.85%) SDLC
13 10 (3.50%) Deployment Automation
13 10 (3.50%) Test Automation
14 8 (2.80%) Creative Thinking
14 8 (2.80%) Pair Programming
14 8 (2.80%) Physics
15 7 (2.45%) Innovative Thinking
Programming Languages
1 68 (23.78%) Java
2 57 (19.93%) Python
3 54 (18.88%) SQL
4 53 (18.53%) C#
5 33 (11.54%) JavaScript
5 33 (11.54%) Scala
6 26 (9.09%) C++
7 19 (6.64%) Java 8
8 16 (5.59%) RPG
9 10 (3.50%) C
9 10 (3.50%) VBA
10 8 (2.80%) PHP
11 7 (2.45%) COBOL
11 7 (2.45%) Go
11 7 (2.45%) Perl
11 7 (2.45%) RPG IV
12 6 (2.10%) Bash Shell
13 5 (1.75%) Clojure
13 5 (1.75%) Kotlin
13 5 (1.75%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 9 (3.15%) Degree
1 9 (3.15%) Security Cleared
2 6 (2.10%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.70%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.35%) BPSS Clearance
4 1 (0.35%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.35%) HNC
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.40%) GDPR
1 4 (1.40%) QA
2 3 (1.05%) CDISC
2 3 (1.05%) PMO
3 1 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 16 (5.59%) Docker
2 3 (1.05%) RACF
3 2 (0.70%) ACF2
3 2 (0.70%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.35%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.35%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.35%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.35%) Firmware
4 1 (0.35%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 9 (3.15%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.40%) Grafana
2 4 (1.40%) Graphite
2 4 (1.40%) Kibana
3 2 (0.70%) Ansible
3 2 (0.70%) Puppet
4 1 (0.35%) Mesos
4 1 (0.35%) Nagios
4 1 (0.35%) Opscode Chef
4 1 (0.35%) Salt
4 1 (0.35%) StatsD
4 1 (0.35%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 15 (5.24%) Oracle
2 12 (4.20%) IBM
3 9 (3.15%) Microsoft
4 8 (2.80%) CyberArk
5 7 (2.45%) Splunk
6 4 (1.40%) Google
6 4 (1.40%) Tableau
7 3 (1.05%) Cisco
7 3 (1.05%) Cognos
7 3 (1.05%) Fujitsu
7 3 (1.05%) JD Edwards
8 2 (0.70%) Borland
8 2 (0.70%) CA
8 2 (0.70%) CODA
8 2 (0.70%) SAP
8 2 (0.70%) ServiceNow
8 2 (0.70%) Syncsort
9 1 (0.35%) MuleSoft
9 1 (0.35%) New Relic
9 1 (0.35%) Siemens