Period
to

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £456 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
25 May 2022
Same period 2021 Same period 2020
Rank 711 573 555
Rank change year-on-year -138 -18 +85
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 124 122 79
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.14% 0.21% 0.17%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.15% 0.22% 0.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 54 70 63
10th Percentile £70 £213 £313
25th Percentile £331 £314 £384
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £456 £403 £525
Median % change year-on-year +13.35% -23.33% +16.67%
75th Percentile £550 £480 £638
90th Percentile £643 £543 £750
UK excluding London median daily rate £456 £350 £375
% change year-on-year +30.36% -6.67% -14.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 7 4
10th Percentile £52.30 £17.00 £16.72
25th Percentile £53.00 £20.88 £17.43
Median hourly rate £62.50 £43.00 £18.30
Median % change year-on-year +45.35% +135.00% -44.55%
75th Percentile £69.38 £53.81 £22.94
90th Percentile £70.00 £62.58 £30.48
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £22.25 £18.30
% change year-on-year - +21.60% -66.73%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 81,559 54,422 44,799
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.17% 92.82% 93.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,407 37,298 29,727
10th Percentile £313 £293 £250
25th Percentile £425 £388 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £525 £480 £470
Median % change year-on-year +9.38% +2.13% -0.53%
75th Percentile £638 £584 £575
90th Percentile £738 £675 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £475 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +11.76% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,960 1,700 1,632
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.50 £11.50
25th Percentile £15.75 £14.50 £14.00
Median hourly rate £23.91 £21.78 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year +9.78% +14.63% +5.56%
75th Percentile £49.25 £44.50 £38.75
90th Percentile £65.00 £57.50 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £18.78 £18.00
% change year-on-year +6.52% +4.31% +2.86%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 25 May 2022.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 25 May 2022. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Jobs
England -147 94 £465 +14.81% 59
Work from Home -121 72 £450 +11.11% 15
London -108 57 £465 -3.13% 9
UK excluding London -110 33 £456 +30.36% 54
North of England -44 13 £344 +52.78% 18
Midlands -64 8 £350 -6.67% 12
Yorkshire -40 7 £463 +150.00% 7
North West -36 6 £70 -80.00% 8
East of England -23 5 £500 -2.44% 4
West Midlands -66 5 £350 -6.67% 7
South East -41 3 £500 +33.33% 13
East Midlands - 3 - - 5
Scotland -12 2 £300 -14.29% 2
Northern Ireland - 2 £714 - 2

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 May 2022, Programmer contract jobs required the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 46 (37.10%) Mainframe
2 44 (35.48%) SAS
2 44 (35.48%) zOS
3 31 (25.00%) JCL
4 29 (23.39%) REXX
5 27 (21.77%) CA
6 25 (20.16%) IBM
7 24 (19.35%) Time Sharing Option
8 22 (17.74%) DB2
9 21 (16.94%) Disaster Recovery
10 20 (16.13%) CICS
10 20 (16.13%) Assembly Language
10 20 (16.13%) Social Skills
11 18 (14.52%) CLIST
12 17 (13.71%) Capacity Planning
12 17 (13.71%) Agile
13 16 (12.90%) Finance
13 16 (12.90%) SQL
13 16 (12.90%) ISPF
14 13 (10.48%) OLTP
14 13 (10.48%) .NET
14 13 (10.48%) Data Security
14 13 (10.48%) Risk Management
14 13 (10.48%) Pharmaceutical
15 12 (9.68%) Banking
15 12 (9.68%) COBOL
15 12 (9.68%) HTML
16 11 (8.87%) Java
16 11 (8.87%) JavaScript
16 11 (8.87%) RACF

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 44 (35.48%) SAS
2 20 (16.13%) CICS
3 8 (6.45%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.61%) Confluence
5 1 (0.81%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.81%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.81%) OpenStack
Applications
1 2 (1.61%) 3ds Max
1 2 (1.61%) Maya
2 1 (0.81%) GIMP
2 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.81%) Stata
Business Applications
1 5 (4.03%) SAP ERP
2 3 (2.42%) Temenos Globus
2 3 (2.42%) Temenos T24
3 1 (0.81%) Endur
3 1 (0.81%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 5 (4.03%) Azure
1 5 (4.03%) Microsoft 365
2 1 (0.81%) Adobe Creative Cloud
2 1 (0.81%) Amazon Cognito
2 1 (0.81%) Amazon S3
2 1 (0.81%) AWS
2 1 (0.81%) Cloud Computing
2 1 (0.81%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.23%) FTP
1 4 (3.23%) SNA
1 4 (3.23%) TCP/IP
2 2 (1.61%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 22 (17.74%) DB2
2 13 (10.48%) OLTP
3 3 (2.42%) MongoDB
3 3 (2.42%) SQL Server
4 2 (1.61%) Base SAS
4 2 (1.61%) InterSystems Cache
5 1 (0.81%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 1 (0.81%) Big Data
5 1 (0.81%) Data Warehouse
5 1 (0.81%) Electronic Patient Records
5 1 (0.81%) Oracle Database
5 1 (0.81%) Power Query
Development Applications
1 5 (4.03%) LSMW
1 5 (4.03%) Postman
1 5 (4.03%) SoapUI
2 3 (2.42%) Git (software)
2 3 (2.42%) Mockito
3 2 (1.61%) JIRA
4 1 (0.81%) RStudio
4 1 (0.81%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 20 (16.13%) Social Skills
2 16 (12.90%) Finance
3 13 (10.48%) Pharmaceutical
4 12 (9.68%) Banking
5 11 (8.87%) Analytical Skills
6 4 (3.23%) Public Sector
7 3 (2.42%) Games
8 2 (1.61%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.81%) Billing
9 1 (0.81%) Front Office
9 1 (0.81%) Presentation Skills
9 1 (0.81%) Publishing
9 1 (0.81%) Social Housing
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 16 (12.90%) ISPF
2 13 (10.48%) .NET
3 12 (9.68%) HTML
4 6 (4.84%) .NET Core
4 6 (4.84%) .NET Framework
4 6 (4.84%) Web Services
5 5 (4.03%) BAPI
5 5 (4.03%) CSS
5 5 (4.03%) HTML5
5 5 (4.03%) IDoc
5 5 (4.03%) SAP ALE
5 5 (4.03%) SAP Fiori
5 5 (4.03%) SAP Smart Forms
5 5 (4.03%) SAPUI5
5 5 (4.03%) Spring
5 5 (4.03%) Spring Boot
6 4 (3.23%) AngularJS
6 4 (3.23%) Kafka
7 3 (2.42%) Entity Framework
7 3 (2.42%) JAX-RS
Miscellaneous
1 46 (37.10%) Mainframe
2 9 (7.26%) IBM Mainframe
3 6 (4.84%) Biotechnology
4 5 (4.03%) Reinsurance
5 4 (3.23%) AS400
5 4 (3.23%) EMC VMAX
5 4 (3.23%) IoT
5 4 (3.23%) Life Science
6 2 (1.61%) PlayStation
6 2 (1.61%) User Experience
6 2 (1.61%) Xbox
7 1 (0.81%) Data Protection Act
7 1 (0.81%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 1 (0.81%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (0.81%) iSeries
7 1 (0.81%) Legacy Systems
7 1 (0.81%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (0.81%) Renewable Energy
7 1 (0.81%) SCADA
7 1 (0.81%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 44 (35.48%) zOS
2 10 (8.06%) Linux
2 10 (8.06%) Unix
3 4 (3.23%) MVS
4 3 (2.42%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.61%) Android
5 2 (1.61%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.81%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 21 (16.94%) Disaster Recovery
2 17 (13.71%) Agile
2 17 (13.71%) Capacity Planning
3 13 (10.48%) Data Security
3 13 (10.48%) Risk Management
4 11 (8.87%) Statistics
5 9 (7.26%) Performance Monitoring
5 9 (7.26%) Problem-Solving
6 8 (6.45%) Data Management
6 8 (6.45%) Mentoring
6 8 (6.45%) Performance Tuning
6 8 (6.45%) Statistical Analysis
6 8 (6.45%) Validation
7 7 (5.65%) Full Stack Development
7 7 (5.65%) Microservices
7 7 (5.65%) Software Engineering
8 6 (4.84%) ERP
8 6 (4.84%) OO
8 6 (4.84%) OOP
9 5 (4.03%) TDD
Programming Languages
1 31 (25.00%) JCL
2 29 (23.39%) REXX
3 20 (16.13%) Assembly Language
4 18 (14.52%) CLIST
5 16 (12.90%) SQL
6 12 (9.68%) COBOL
7 11 (8.87%) Java
7 11 (8.87%) JavaScript
8 10 (8.06%) C#
9 8 (6.45%) PL/1
10 5 (4.03%) ABAP
10 5 (4.03%) Python
10 5 (4.03%) RPG
10 5 (4.03%) SAPscript
11 4 (3.23%) R
11 4 (3.23%) SAS Macro
11 4 (3.23%) Shell Script
12 3 (2.42%) TypeScript
13 2 (1.61%) MUMPS
13 2 (1.61%) RPG IV
Qualifications
1 6 (4.84%) Degree
2 5 (4.03%) SAP Certification
3 3 (2.42%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.42%) Security Cleared
4 2 (1.61%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (4.03%) CDISC
2 2 (1.61%) Good Clinical Practice
3 1 (0.81%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.81%) IFRS
3 1 (0.81%) IFRS 17
3 1 (0.81%) QA
System Software
1 24 (19.35%) Time Sharing Option
2 11 (8.87%) RACF
3 5 (4.03%) Docker
4 4 (3.23%) SRDF
5 2 (1.61%) ACF2
Systems Management
1 11 (8.87%) OMEGAMON
2 4 (3.23%) zSecure
3 2 (1.61%) Kubernetes
4 1 (0.81%) Grafana
4 1 (0.81%) Graphite
4 1 (0.81%) Kibana
4 1 (0.81%) Prometheus
4 1 (0.81%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 27 (21.77%) CA
2 25 (20.16%) IBM
3 9 (7.26%) Microsoft
3 9 (7.26%) SAP
4 4 (3.23%) EMC
5 3 (2.42%) jBASE
5 3 (2.42%) Oracle
5 3 (2.42%) Temenos
6 2 (1.61%) JDA
7 1 (0.81%) Adobe
7 1 (0.81%) Cognos
7 1 (0.81%) Databricks
7 1 (0.81%) GoldenSource
7 1 (0.81%) JD Edwards
7 1 (0.81%) OpenLink
7 1 (0.81%) Perforce