Period
to 5 December 2020

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £525 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
5 Dec 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 498 627 633
Rank change year-on-year +129 +6 +28
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 80 155 277
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.21% 0.19% 0.26%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.23% 0.20% 0.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 43 108 223
Median daily rate £525 £550 £470
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +17.02% +1.62%
10th Percentile £269 £388 £325
90th Percentile £631 £700 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £300 £450 £435
% change year-on-year -33.33% +3.45% +2.35%
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 7 5
Median hourly rate £52.50 £40.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +31.25% -11.11% +51.92%
10th Percentile £30.25 £18.25 £30.60
90th Percentile £59.50 £53.75 £54.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £32.50 £18.50 £39.00
% change year-on-year +75.68% -52.56% +34.48%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 34,920 76,959 99,202
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.40% 93.98% 94.80%
Number of daily rates quoted 21,811 50,295 65,653
Median daily rate £463 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% - -
10th Percentile £254 £250 £270
90th Percentile £650 £644 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,538 2,949 3,103
Median hourly rate £30.00 £19.47 £18.12
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +54.12% +7.45% -3.13%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.17 £11.00
90th Percentile £55.19 £52.50 £48.75
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year +25.00% +2.86% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 5 December 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 5 December 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +161 73 £513 -6.82% 97
London +134 43 £588 - 14
UK excluding London +178 27 £300 -33.33% 87
Work from Home -129 25 £300 -32.58% 16
North of England +106 14 £285 -34.86% 22
Yorkshire +69 12 £285 -32.94% 9
South East +135 5 £300 -46.90% 16
South West +111 5 £438 +4.48% 5
North West +69 2 - - 6
East of England +77 1 - - 9
West Midlands +62 1 £300 -17.24% 23
Midlands +59 1 £300 -30.84% 30
Scotland +53 1 £450 - 3

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 December 2020, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 28 (35.00%) SQL
2 25 (31.25%) SAS
3 22 (27.50%) Python
4 19 (23.75%) Agile Software Development
5 18 (22.50%) JavaScript
5 18 (22.50%) R
6 17 (21.25%) Web Services
6 17 (21.25%) IBM
6 17 (21.25%) zOS
6 17 (21.25%) Mainframe
7 16 (20.00%) CA
7 16 (20.00%) TDD
7 16 (20.00%) AWS
8 15 (18.75%) ISPF
8 15 (18.75%) JCL
8 15 (18.75%) Time Sharing Option
9 14 (17.50%) Front Office
10 13 (16.25%) Finance
10 13 (16.25%) Pharmaceutical
11 12 (15.00%) Java
11 12 (15.00%) Banking
11 12 (15.00%) Investment Management
11 12 (15.00%) Microservices
11 12 (15.00%) DevOps
12 11 (13.75%) BDD
12 11 (13.75%) Redux
13 10 (12.50%) Portfolio Management
14 9 (11.25%) Machine Learning
14 9 (11.25%) Oracle
14 9 (11.25%) Linux

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 25 (31.25%) SAS
2 2 (2.50%) Confluence
2 2 (2.50%) WebSphere
3 1 (1.25%) Elasticsearch
3 1 (1.25%) MQSeries
3 1 (1.25%) Oracle SOA Suite
Applications
1 1 (1.25%) 3ds Max
1 1 (1.25%) Maya
1 1 (1.25%) SPSS
1 1 (1.25%) Stata
Business Applications
1 3 (3.75%) Oracle Applications
2 2 (2.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 2 (2.50%) Maximo
3 1 (1.25%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 16 (20.00%) AWS
2 4 (5.00%) Azure
3 3 (3.75%) SaaS
4 2 (2.50%) GitHub
5 1 (1.25%) Amazon ECS
5 1 (1.25%) Amazon EKS
5 1 (1.25%) AWS CloudFormation
5 1 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
5 1 (1.25%) GCP
5 1 (1.25%) OpenShift
5 1 (1.25%) Power Automate
5 1 (1.25%) Power Platform
5 1 (1.25%) PowerApps
Communications & Networking
1 1 (1.25%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 7 (8.75%) Spotfire
2 6 (7.50%) Tableau
3 4 (5.00%) Data Warehouse
3 4 (5.00%) Oracle Database
3 4 (5.00%) Oracle Database 11g
3 4 (5.00%) Oracle ODI
3 4 (5.00%) Relational Database
3 4 (5.00%) SAP Data Services
4 3 (3.75%) NoSQL
5 2 (2.50%) Amazon RDS
5 2 (2.50%) Apache Cassandra
5 2 (2.50%) MongoDB
6 1 (1.25%) Base SAS
6 1 (1.25%) Big Data
6 1 (1.25%) Hadoop
6 1 (1.25%) Oracle Database 12c
6 1 (1.25%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (1.25%) SQLPlus
Development Applications
1 4 (5.00%) Git (software)
2 2 (2.50%) Bitbucket
2 2 (2.50%) Cypress.io
2 2 (2.50%) JIRA
2 2 (2.50%) Maven
2 2 (2.50%) Pylint
2 2 (2.50%) Sonatype Nexus
2 2 (2.50%) Sourcetree
2 2 (2.50%) TeamCity
2 2 (2.50%) Toad
2 2 (2.50%) webpack
3 1 (1.25%) IntelliJ
3 1 (1.25%) Jenkins
3 1 (1.25%) JUnit
3 1 (1.25%) SonarQube
3 1 (1.25%) Subversion
General
1 14 (17.50%) Front Office
2 13 (16.25%) Finance
2 13 (16.25%) Pharmaceutical
3 12 (15.00%) Banking
4 3 (3.75%) Publishing
5 2 (2.50%) French Language
6 1 (1.25%) Back Office
6 1 (1.25%) Games
6 1 (1.25%) Police
6 1 (1.25%) Public Sector
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (21.25%) Web Services
2 15 (18.75%) ISPF
3 11 (13.75%) Redux
4 7 (8.75%) Pandas
5 6 (7.50%) React
5 6 (7.50%) Shiny
6 5 (6.25%) NumPy
7 4 (5.00%) REST
7 4 (5.00%) Spring
8 3 (3.75%) .NET
8 3 (3.75%) AngularJS
8 3 (3.75%) Elastic Stack
8 3 (3.75%) HTML
8 3 (3.75%) Unreal Engine
9 2 (2.50%) Angular 2
9 2 (2.50%) CSS
9 2 (2.50%) Node.js
9 2 (2.50%) Protocol Buffers
9 2 (2.50%) RESTful
9 2 (2.50%) XML
Miscellaneous
1 17 (21.25%) Mainframe
2 7 (8.75%) Data Structures
3 3 (3.75%) Analytical Skills
3 3 (3.75%) User Experience
4 2 (2.50%) Animation
4 2 (2.50%) Cloud Native
4 2 (2.50%) Equities
4 2 (2.50%) Market Risk
4 2 (2.50%) Reference Data
4 2 (2.50%) Virtual Team
5 1 (1.25%) Derivative
5 1 (1.25%) Device Driver
5 1 (1.25%) Fixed Income
5 1 (1.25%) Hedge funds
5 1 (1.25%) Management Information System
5 1 (1.25%) Mobile App
5 1 (1.25%) PKI
5 1 (1.25%) Smartcard
5 1 (1.25%) VSAM
5 1 (1.25%) Xbox
Operating Systems
1 17 (21.25%) zOS
2 9 (11.25%) Linux
3 7 (8.75%) Unix
4 2 (2.50%) Apple iOS
5 1 (1.25%) Android
5 1 (1.25%) MVS
5 1 (1.25%) OpenVMS
5 1 (1.25%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 19 (23.75%) Agile Software Development
2 16 (20.00%) TDD
3 12 (15.00%) DevOps
3 12 (15.00%) Investment Management
3 12 (15.00%) Microservices
4 11 (13.75%) BDD
5 10 (12.50%) Portfolio Management
6 9 (11.25%) Machine Learning
7 8 (10.00%) Problem-Solving
7 8 (10.00%) Risk Management
7 8 (10.00%) Visualisation
8 7 (8.75%) Analytics
8 7 (8.75%) Computer Science
8 7 (8.75%) Data Analytics
8 7 (8.75%) Data Science
8 7 (8.75%) Validation
9 6 (7.50%) Biostatistics
10 5 (6.25%) Business Intelligence
10 5 (6.25%) Continuous Integration
10 5 (6.25%) Software Engineering
Programming Languages
1 28 (35.00%) SQL
2 22 (27.50%) Python
3 18 (22.50%) JavaScript
3 18 (22.50%) R
4 15 (18.75%) JCL
5 12 (15.00%) Java
6 6 (7.50%) Assembly Language
6 6 (7.50%) PL/SQL
6 6 (7.50%) REXX
7 5 (6.25%) C#
8 4 (5.00%) C++
9 3 (3.75%) Java 8
10 2 (2.50%) C
10 2 (2.50%) CLIST
10 2 (2.50%) Shell Script
10 2 (2.50%) TypeScript
10 2 (2.50%) VBA
11 1 (1.25%) COBOL
11 1 (1.25%) Fortran
11 1 (1.25%) VB
Qualifications
1 6 (7.50%) PhD
2 2 (2.50%) Degree
2 2 (2.50%) Security Cleared
3 1 (1.25%) Master's Degree
3 1 (1.25%) SC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (7.50%) QA
2 5 (6.25%) CDISC
System Software
1 15 (18.75%) Time Sharing Option
2 5 (6.25%) RACF
3 4 (5.00%) ACF2
4 3 (3.75%) Docker
Systems Management
1 6 (7.50%) OMEGAMON
2 4 (5.00%) Kubernetes
3 2 (2.50%) Kibana
4 1 (1.25%) logstash
4 1 (1.25%) Terraform
4 1 (1.25%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (1.25%) zSecure
Vendors
1 17 (21.25%) IBM
2 16 (20.00%) CA
3 9 (11.25%) Oracle
4 5 (6.25%) SAP
5 3 (3.75%) Guidewire
5 3 (3.75%) Microsoft
5 3 (3.75%) Splunk
6 2 (2.50%) Databricks
7 1 (1.25%) Cisco
7 1 (1.25%) Google
7 1 (1.25%) Informatica
7 1 (1.25%) Salesforce.com