Period
to 18 March 2019

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £468 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 March 2019.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
18 Mar 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 599 666 585
Rank change year-on-year +67 -81 -114
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 277 219 267
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.29% 0.22% 0.28%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.30% 0.23% 0.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 206 141 192
UK median daily rate £468 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.89% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £308 £263
90th Percentile £638 £750 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +10.00% +3.23% -3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 11 6
UK median hourly rate £31.50 £37.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.00% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £24.50 £31.75 £34.63
90th Percentile £48.38 £41.50 £58.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £46.25 £32.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +42.31% -13.33% +7.14%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 91,585 95,621 88,967
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.68% 94.90% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 60,653 63,199 57,883
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +2.91%
10th Percentile £275 £263 £255
90th Percentile £650 £631 £610
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +4.30%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,821 2,865 3,147
UK median hourly rate £18.50 £18.70 £18.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.07% +3.89% -5.26%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.95 £10.73
90th Percentile £49.00 £48.00 £47.79
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £17.50

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 18 March 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 18 March 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 March 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +54 248 £465 -2.11% 230
UK excluding London +28 147 £440 +10.00% 217
London +43 120 £550 - 35
South East -7 42 £455 +7.06% 37
Midlands +9 34 £440 +10.00% 57
North of England 0 32 £445 +4.71% 53
West Midlands +10 31 £440 +10.00% 34
Scotland +7 19 £345 -10.97% 20
North East - 14 £485 - 6
East of England +12 12 £435 +33.85% 32
North West +1 11 £443 +1.14% 27
South West -31 9 £400 +7.38% 16
Yorkshire -5 7 £440 +2.33% 20
East Midlands +18 3 £313 -34.76% 23
Wales - 1 £488 - 2
Channel Islands - 1 - -

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 March 2019, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 114 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (31.41%) Microservices
3 79 (28.52%) REST
3 79 (28.52%) Java
4 68 (24.55%) TDD
5 54 (19.49%) SQL
5 54 (19.49%) Scala
6 48 (17.33%) Play Framework
7 43 (15.52%) Spring
7 43 (15.52%) C#
8 42 (15.16%) Python
8 42 (15.16%) Git (software)
9 37 (13.36%) Spring Boot
9 37 (13.36%) Java 8
10 36 (13.00%) MongoDB
10 36 (13.00%) Finance
11 32 (11.55%) .NET
12 31 (11.19%) Software Engineering
13 29 (10.47%) C++
14 28 (10.11%) JavaScript
15 24 (8.66%) Service Delivery
15 24 (8.66%) Scrum
15 24 (8.66%) DevOps
16 20 (7.22%) Banking
16 20 (7.22%) HTML
16 20 (7.22%) Creative Thinking
16 20 (7.22%) Innovative Thinking
17 18 (6.50%) SQL Server
17 18 (6.50%) AngularJS
18 17 (6.14%) Unix

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (3.61%) WebSphere
2 7 (2.53%) Apache
2 7 (2.53%) Tomcat
3 6 (2.17%) nginx
4 5 (1.81%) SAS
5 3 (1.08%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.08%) CICS
5 3 (1.08%) Confluence
5 3 (1.08%) SharePoint
5 3 (1.08%) TPMS
6 2 (0.72%) Apache Pig
6 2 (0.72%) NetWeaver
6 2 (0.72%) WebSphere Application Server
7 1 (0.36%) CMS
7 1 (0.36%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.36%) EPiServer
7 1 (0.36%) IIS
7 1 (0.36%) Liferay
7 1 (0.36%) OpenEdge
7 1 (0.36%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 11 (3.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 1 (0.36%) MS Visio
3 1 (0.36%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 4 (1.44%) Markit EDM
2 3 (1.08%) Dynamics AX
3 2 (0.72%) Decalog
3 2 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
4 1 (0.36%) CODA-Financials
4 1 (0.36%) Endur
4 1 (0.36%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.36%) Temenos T24
4 1 (0.36%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 15 (5.42%) Amazon AWS
1 15 (5.42%) GitHub
2 6 (2.17%) Microsoft Azure
3 3 (1.08%) Azure Data Factory
3 3 (1.08%) SaaS
4 2 (0.72%) Dynamics 365
5 1 (0.36%) npm
Communications & Networking
1 3 (1.08%) TCP/IP
2 2 (0.72%) SSL
3 1 (0.36%) HTTP
3 1 (0.36%) SMTP
3 1 (0.36%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 36 (13.00%) MongoDB
2 18 (6.50%) SQL Server
3 15 (5.42%) Relational Database
4 14 (5.05%) Big Data
5 11 (3.97%) NoSQL
6 6 (2.17%) Geospatial Data
6 6 (2.17%) GIS
7 5 (1.81%) Apache Cassandra
7 5 (1.81%) BusinessObjects
7 5 (1.81%) DB2
7 5 (1.81%) Spotfire
8 4 (1.44%) MySQL
8 4 (1.44%) SAP HANA
9 3 (1.08%) Hadoop
9 3 (1.08%) PostgreSQL
10 2 (0.72%) Apache Hive
10 2 (0.72%) Azure SQL Database
10 2 (0.72%) HBase
10 2 (0.72%) IDMS
10 2 (0.72%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 42 (15.16%) Git (software)
2 15 (5.42%) Jenkins
3 10 (3.61%) Visual Studio
4 6 (2.17%) Bitbucket
5 5 (1.81%) Maven
6 4 (1.44%) Cucumber
6 4 (1.44%) JIRA
6 4 (1.44%) ProC
7 3 (1.08%) Pylint
7 3 (1.08%) TeamCity
8 2 (0.72%) JUnit
8 2 (0.72%) Team Foundation Server
9 1 (0.36%) Eclipse
9 1 (0.36%) GDB
9 1 (0.36%) Hudson
9 1 (0.36%) IntelliJ
9 1 (0.36%) Mockito
9 1 (0.36%) Oracle Forms
9 1 (0.36%) PVCS
9 1 (0.36%) Subversion
General
1 36 (13.00%) Finance
2 20 (7.22%) Banking
3 11 (3.97%) Games
4 5 (1.81%) French Language
4 5 (1.81%) Publishing
4 5 (1.81%) Retail
5 4 (1.44%) Pharmaceutical
6 3 (1.08%) Financial Institution
6 3 (1.08%) Front Office
6 3 (1.08%) German Language
6 3 (1.08%) Manufacturing
7 2 (0.72%) Aerospace
7 2 (0.72%) General Ledger
7 2 (0.72%) Marketing
8 1 (0.36%) Automotive
8 1 (0.36%) Investment Banking
8 1 (0.36%) Norwegian Language
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 79 (28.52%) REST
2 48 (17.33%) Play Framework
3 43 (15.52%) Spring
4 37 (13.36%) Spring Boot
5 32 (11.55%) .NET
6 20 (7.22%) HTML
7 18 (6.50%) AngularJS
8 15 (5.42%) CSS
9 12 (4.33%) HTML5
9 12 (4.33%) Web Services
10 11 (3.97%) Node.js
11 10 (3.61%) JSON
11 10 (3.61%) Unity (Game Engine)
11 10 (3.61%) Unreal Engine
12 8 (2.89%) Boost C++ Libraries
12 8 (2.89%) WPF
12 8 (2.89%) XML
13 7 (2.53%) ASP.NET
13 7 (2.53%) CSS3
13 7 (2.53%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 13 (4.69%) AS400
2 12 (4.33%) Derivative
2 12 (4.33%) Mainframe
3 11 (3.97%) Analytical Skills
3 11 (3.97%) iSeries
4 10 (3.61%) Fixed Income
5 5 (1.81%) Private Cloud
6 3 (1.08%) FMCG
7 2 (0.72%) Clustering
7 2 (0.72%) Credit Risk
7 2 (0.72%) Embedded Systems
7 2 (0.72%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (0.72%) Hedge funds
7 2 (0.72%) User Experience
8 1 (0.36%) Credit Derivative
8 1 (0.36%) Device Driver
8 1 (0.36%) Linux Command Line
8 1 (0.36%) Self-Motivation
8 1 (0.36%) Smart Home
8 1 (0.36%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 17 (6.14%) Unix
2 15 (5.42%) Linux
3 9 (3.25%) zOS
4 6 (2.17%) Windows
5 5 (1.81%) VME
6 2 (0.72%) Android
6 2 (0.72%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.72%) OS/2
7 1 (0.36%) FreeRTOS
7 1 (0.36%) Mac OS
7 1 (0.36%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.36%) OpenVMS
7 1 (0.36%) OS/400
7 1 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.36%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.36%) Windows 10
7 1 (0.36%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 114 (41.16%) Agile Software Development
2 87 (31.41%) Microservices
3 68 (24.55%) TDD
4 31 (11.19%) Software Engineering
5 24 (8.66%) DevOps
5 24 (8.66%) Scrum
5 24 (8.66%) Service Delivery
6 20 (7.22%) Creative Thinking
6 20 (7.22%) Innovative Thinking
7 14 (5.05%) Machine Learning
8 13 (4.69%) Continuous Integration
8 13 (4.69%) Problem-Solving
9 12 (4.33%) Computer Science
9 12 (4.33%) Mathematics
9 12 (4.33%) SDLC
10 11 (3.97%) E-Commerce
10 11 (3.97%) Visualisation
11 10 (3.61%) Artificial Intelligence
11 10 (3.61%) Data Visualisation
12 9 (3.25%) MVC
Programming Languages
1 79 (28.52%) Java
2 54 (19.49%) Scala
2 54 (19.49%) SQL
3 43 (15.52%) C#
4 42 (15.16%) Python
5 37 (13.36%) Java 8
6 29 (10.47%) C++
7 28 (10.11%) JavaScript
8 17 (6.14%) C
9 11 (3.97%) RPG
10 10 (3.61%) VBA
11 6 (2.17%) COBOL
11 6 (2.17%) PL/SQL
11 6 (2.17%) T-SQL
12 5 (1.81%) ABAP
12 5 (1.81%) Clojure
12 5 (1.81%) Go
12 5 (1.81%) Haskell
12 5 (1.81%) Kotlin
12 5 (1.81%) R
Qualifications
1 12 (4.33%) Degree
2 5 (1.81%) Security Cleared
3 4 (1.44%) SC Cleared
4 2 (0.72%) Computer Science Degree
4 2 (0.72%) Master's Degree
4 2 (0.72%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.36%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.36%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.36%) HND
5 1 (0.36%) MCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (1.44%) CDISC
1 4 (1.44%) GDPR
2 3 (1.08%) GxP
2 3 (1.08%) PMO
3 2 (0.72%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.72%) MISRA
3 2 (0.72%) MISRA C
3 2 (0.72%) QA
4 1 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.36%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.36%) EMIR
4 1 (0.36%) MiFID
4 1 (0.36%) WAI
4 1 (0.36%) WCAG
System Software
1 13 (4.69%) Docker
2 6 (2.17%) Time Sharing Option
3 5 (1.81%) RACF
4 3 (1.08%) ACF2
5 2 (0.72%) HDFS
6 1 (0.36%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 7 (2.53%) Kubernetes
2 4 (1.44%) OMEGAMON
3 2 (0.72%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (0.36%) Puppet
Vendors
1 13 (4.69%) Oracle
2 9 (3.25%) Microsoft
3 6 (2.17%) CyberArk
3 6 (2.17%) IBM
3 6 (2.17%) Tableau
4 5 (1.81%) SAP
4 5 (1.81%) Splunk
5 4 (1.44%) Cognos
6 3 (1.08%) Fujitsu
6 3 (1.08%) hybris
6 3 (1.08%) ICL
7 2 (0.72%) Bloomberg
7 2 (0.72%) CA
7 2 (0.72%) JD Edwards
8 1 (0.36%) Adobe
8 1 (0.36%) CODA
8 1 (0.36%) Intel
8 1 (0.36%) Micro Focus
8 1 (0.36%) MicroStrategy
8 1 (0.36%) Temenos