Period
to 2 December 2021

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £515 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
2 Dec 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 742 488 648
Rank change year-on-year -254 +160 -5
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 101 83 155
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.11% 0.22% 0.19%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.12% 0.24% 0.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 44 106
10th Percentile £338 £275 £384
25th Percentile £413 £384 £425
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £515 £550 £550
Median % change year-on-year -6.36% - +17.02%
75th Percentile £575 £631 £617
90th Percentile £681 £653 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £320 £450
% change year-on-year +32.81% -28.89% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 11 6
10th Percentile £16.30 £30.25 £18.25
25th Percentile £24.75 £36.77 £23.69
Median hourly rate £50.00 £54.09 £40.00
Median % change year-on-year -7.55% +35.21% -11.11%
75th Percentile £53.75 £58.75 £43.75
90th Percentile £56.75 " £49.38
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.08 £32.50 £18.50
% change year-on-year -44.37% +75.68% -52.56%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 83,607 34,439 76,302
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.45% 92.46% 94.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,515 23,354 50,996
10th Percentile £300 £256 £250
25th Percentile £413 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £501 £475 £460
Median % change year-on-year +5.37% +3.26% +2.22%
75th Percentile £613 £575 £563
90th Percentile £700 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,189 1,250 2,715
10th Percentile £12.00 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £14.00 £14.25 £13.79
Median hourly rate £20.00 £22.91 £18.70
Median % change year-on-year -12.70% +22.55% +6.83%
75th Percentile £45.75 £45.00 £42.00
90th Percentile £62.50 £57.50 £51.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -12.50% +14.29% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 2 December 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 2 December 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -209 85 £523 -5.00% 73
Work from Home -181 42 £500 +66.67% 11
London -212 39 £625 +4.17% 17
UK excluding London -136 38 £425 +32.81% 57
South East -78 16 £350 +16.67% 13
North of England -81 9 £471 +57.08% 10
Midlands -68 7 £434 +44.58% 15
North West -50 5 £480 - 5
West Midlands -69 5 £434 +44.58% 10
Yorkshire -56 4 £463 +54.17% 3
South West -50 3 £500 +14.29% 11
Scotland -70 2 £438 -2.78% 1
East Midlands - 2 - - 5
East of England -49 1 - - 7

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 2 December 2021, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 30 (29.70%) Social Skills
2 26 (25.74%) SQL
3 24 (23.76%) Mainframe
4 23 (22.77%) C#
4 23 (22.77%) .NET
5 21 (20.79%) Python
5 21 (20.79%) zOS
5 21 (20.79%) Agile Software Development
6 20 (19.80%) Microsoft
6 20 (19.80%) SQL Server
7 19 (18.81%) IBM
8 18 (17.82%) DevOps
8 18 (17.82%) Software Engineering
9 17 (16.83%) Azure
9 17 (16.83%) JavaScript
10 16 (15.84%) CA
10 16 (15.84%) JCL
10 16 (15.84%) .NET Core
11 14 (13.86%) Finance
11 14 (13.86%) Active Directory
11 14 (13.86%) ISPF
11 14 (13.86%) .NET Framework
11 14 (13.86%) Azure Active Directory
11 14 (13.86%) Time Sharing Option
11 14 (13.86%) ASP.NET Web API
12 13 (12.87%) AngularJS
12 13 (12.87%) Unit Testing
13 12 (11.88%) Git (software)
14 11 (10.89%) Test Automation
14 11 (10.89%) Oracle

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 10 (9.90%) BizTalk Server
2 9 (8.91%) SAS
3 7 (6.93%) CICS
4 2 (1.98%) Confluence
4 2 (1.98%) SharePoint
5 1 (0.99%) Apache
5 1 (0.99%) Ethereum
5 1 (0.99%) MQSeries
5 1 (0.99%) Tornado
5 1 (0.99%) WebLogic
Applications
1 2 (1.98%) Microsoft Excel
2 1 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
2 1 (0.99%) Stata
Business Applications
1 2 (1.98%) SAP ERP
2 1 (0.99%) Temenos Globus
2 1 (0.99%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 17 (16.83%) Azure
2 14 (13.86%) Azure Active Directory
3 7 (6.93%) AWS CodeCommit
4 5 (4.95%) Azure Service Bus
4 5 (4.95%) OpenShift
5 2 (1.98%) AWS
5 2 (1.98%) GCP
5 2 (1.98%) Microsoft 365
5 2 (1.98%) Power Platform
5 2 (1.98%) SuccessFactors
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon Cognito
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon ECS
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon EKS
6 1 (0.99%) Amazon S3
6 1 (0.99%) Apigee
6 1 (0.99%) Google Analytics
Communications & Networking
1 5 (4.95%) TCP/IP
2 2 (1.98%) Firewall
2 2 (1.98%) OSPF
2 2 (1.98%) SSL
3 1 (0.99%) Bluetooth
3 1 (0.99%) DHCP
3 1 (0.99%) DNS
3 1 (0.99%) FTP
3 1 (0.99%) HTTP
3 1 (0.99%) Internet
3 1 (0.99%) SNA
3 1 (0.99%) WAN
3 1 (0.99%) Wi-Fi
3 1 (0.99%) Wireless
3 1 (0.99%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 20 (19.80%) SQL Server
2 9 (8.91%) Azure SQL Database
2 9 (8.91%) DB2
3 4 (3.96%) IDMS
4 3 (2.97%) Oracle Database
5 2 (1.98%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (1.98%) MySQL
5 2 (1.98%) OLTP
5 2 (1.98%) Power BI
6 1 (0.99%) Base SAS
6 1 (0.99%) Blockchain
6 1 (0.99%) Data Warehouse
6 1 (0.99%) DB2 UDB
6 1 (0.99%) Electronic Patient Records
6 1 (0.99%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.99%) NoSQL
6 1 (0.99%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.99%) SAP HANA
6 1 (0.99%) SQLite
Development Applications
1 12 (11.88%) Git (software)
2 8 (7.92%) Jasmine
2 8 (7.92%) Karma Test Runner
3 7 (6.93%) ESLint
4 6 (5.94%) TeamCity
5 5 (4.95%) Jenkins
6 2 (1.98%) JIRA
6 2 (1.98%) LSMW
6 2 (1.98%) Pivotal Tracker
6 2 (1.98%) Postman
6 2 (1.98%) SoapUI
6 2 (1.98%) Subversion
7 1 (0.99%) Android Studio
7 1 (0.99%) CircleCI
7 1 (0.99%) fastlane
7 1 (0.99%) GoogleTest
7 1 (0.99%) Maven
7 1 (0.99%) Moq
7 1 (0.99%) SpecFlow
7 1 (0.99%) TortoiseSVN
General
1 30 (29.70%) Social Skills
2 14 (13.86%) Finance
3 7 (6.93%) Analytical Skills
3 7 (6.93%) Back Office
3 7 (6.93%) Banking
4 5 (4.95%) Investment Banking
5 3 (2.97%) Front Office
5 3 (2.97%) Public Sector
6 2 (1.98%) Games
6 2 (1.98%) Law
6 2 (1.98%) Marketing
6 2 (1.98%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.99%) Avionics
7 1 (0.99%) Electronics
7 1 (0.99%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.99%) Retail
7 1 (0.99%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 23 (22.77%) .NET
2 16 (15.84%) .NET Core
3 14 (13.86%) .NET Framework
3 14 (13.86%) ASP.NET Web API
3 14 (13.86%) ISPF
4 13 (12.87%) AngularJS
5 10 (9.90%) HTML
6 9 (8.91%) Entity Framework
6 9 (8.91%) React
7 8 (7.92%) ASP.NET
7 8 (7.92%) jQuery
7 8 (7.92%) Node.js
7 8 (7.92%) Vue.js
8 7 (6.93%) Backbone.js
8 7 (6.93%) Jest
9 5 (4.95%) CSS
9 5 (4.95%) Microsoft Graph
9 5 (4.95%) OpenID
9 5 (4.95%) ServiceStack
10 3 (2.97%) HTML5
Miscellaneous
1 24 (23.76%) Mainframe
2 9 (8.91%) User Experience
3 7 (6.93%) Hedge funds
4 3 (2.97%) Algorithms
4 3 (2.97%) AS400
4 3 (2.97%) Data Protection Act
5 2 (1.98%) IBM Mainframe
5 2 (1.98%) iSeries
6 1 (0.99%) CMDB
6 1 (0.99%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.99%) Data Structures
6 1 (0.99%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (0.99%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (0.99%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.99%) Market Risk
6 1 (0.99%) NHS
6 1 (0.99%) Replication
6 1 (0.99%) SIMD
6 1 (0.99%) Smartphone
6 1 (0.99%) VSAM
Operating Systems
1 21 (20.79%) zOS
2 6 (5.94%) Linux
2 6 (5.94%) Windows
3 4 (3.96%) Unix
4 3 (2.97%) MVS
5 2 (1.98%) Android
6 1 (0.99%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.99%) Embedded Linux
6 1 (0.99%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.99%) Solaris
6 1 (0.99%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 21 (20.79%) Agile Software Development
2 18 (17.82%) DevOps
2 18 (17.82%) Software Engineering
3 13 (12.87%) Unit Testing
4 11 (10.89%) Analytics
4 11 (10.89%) Test Automation
5 9 (8.91%) Microservices
5 9 (8.91%) Scrum
6 8 (7.92%) Kanban
6 8 (7.92%) Problem-Solving
6 8 (7.92%) User Acceptance Testing
7 7 (6.93%) Digital Transformation Programme
7 7 (6.93%) ERP
7 7 (6.93%) Migration
7 7 (6.93%) Risk Management
8 6 (5.94%) Computer Science
8 6 (5.94%) Integration Testing
8 6 (5.94%) Multithreading
8 6 (5.94%) SOLID
9 5 (4.95%) Load Balancing
Programming Languages
1 26 (25.74%) SQL
2 23 (22.77%) C#
3 21 (20.79%) Python
4 17 (16.83%) JavaScript
5 16 (15.84%) JCL
6 9 (8.91%) REXX
7 8 (7.92%) PowerShell
8 7 (6.93%) Java
8 7 (6.93%) PL/SQL
8 7 (6.93%) R
8 7 (6.93%) RPG
9 6 (5.94%) Assembly Language
9 6 (5.94%) C
9 6 (5.94%) C++
10 5 (4.95%) Perl
11 4 (3.96%) CLIST
11 4 (3.96%) T-SQL
11 4 (3.96%) TypeScript
12 3 (2.97%) Bash Shell
12 3 (2.97%) PHP
Qualifications
1 5 (4.95%) Degree
2 3 (2.97%) Security Cleared
3 2 (1.98%) SAP Certification
3 2 (1.98%) SC Cleared
4 1 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (4.95%) QA
2 2 (1.98%) CDISC
2 2 (1.98%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.98%) GDPR
System Software
1 14 (13.86%) Active Directory
1 14 (13.86%) Time Sharing Option
2 8 (7.92%) Docker
2 8 (7.92%) RACF
3 5 (4.95%) ACF2
4 1 (0.99%) Varnish
4 1 (0.99%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 8 (7.92%) Kubernetes
2 6 (5.94%) OMEGAMON
3 5 (4.95%) MIIS
4 2 (1.98%) Ansible
5 1 (0.99%) Docker Swarm
5 1 (0.99%) Terraform
5 1 (0.99%) Tivoli
5 1 (0.99%) Tivoli NetView
5 1 (0.99%) Unicenter
Vendors
1 20 (19.80%) Microsoft
2 19 (18.81%) IBM
3 16 (15.84%) CA
4 11 (10.89%) Oracle
5 5 (4.95%) SAP
6 4 (3.96%) Google
7 1 (0.99%) Atlassian
7 1 (0.99%) BEA
7 1 (0.99%) BT
7 1 (0.99%) Cognos
7 1 (0.99%) F5
7 1 (0.99%) Infoblox
7 1 (0.99%) Informatica
7 1 (0.99%) JD Edwards
7 1 (0.99%) Micro Focus
7 1 (0.99%) Minitab
7 1 (0.99%) MuleSoft
7 1 (0.99%) Pega
7 1 (0.99%) Temenos
7 1 (0.99%) webMethods