Period
to 13 April 2021

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £405 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
13 Apr 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 532 599 587
Rank change year-on-year +67 -12 +93
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 123 106 278
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.23% 0.18% 0.29%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.25% 0.19% 0.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 67 78 208
10th Percentile £213 £350 £313
25th Percentile £316 £425 £400
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £405 £541 £450
Median % change year-on-year -25.17% +20.28% -
75th Percentile £531 £609 £519
90th Percentile £600 £750 £626
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £450 £435
% change year-on-year -22.22% +3.45% +16.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 7 8
10th Percentile £17.78 £18.08 £26.30
25th Percentile £28.88 £18.25 £30.31
Median hourly rate £43.00 £18.50 £32.25
Median % change year-on-year +132.43% -42.64% -14.00%
75th Percentile £58.75 £37.76 £58.44
90th Percentile " £40.00 £62.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £26.50 £18.50 £56.25
% change year-on-year +43.24% -67.11% +118.45%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 48,693 56,183 91,309
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.77% 93.80% 94.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,398 37,314 61,632
10th Percentile £275 £225 £270
25th Percentile £375 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £475 £460 £463
Median % change year-on-year +3.26% -0.70% +2.94%
75th Percentile £575 £569 £569
90th Percentile £660 £650 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,680 2,155 2,660
10th Percentile £11.30 £11.50 £11.00
25th Percentile £14.50 £14.00 £13.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £18.70 £17.83
Median % change year-on-year +20.32% +4.91% +1.86%
75th Percentile £45.00 £38.75 £38.75
90th Percentile £57.50 £52.12 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.95 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +8.29% - -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 13 April 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 13 April 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +89 107 £405 -26.36% 66
UK excluding London +125 68 £350 -22.22% 50
Work from Home -205 45 £405 - 19
London +15 37 £585 +1.74% 18
Midlands +50 26 £390 +20.00% 13
West Midlands +47 25 £390 +20.00% 11
North of England +64 15 £255 -27.14% 15
Yorkshire +43 11 £185 -47.14% 7
South East +60 8 £375 -33.63% 11
South West +69 7 £500 - 8
East of England +43 7 £513 +17.82% 1
Scotland 0 5 £350 -22.22% 1
North West +32 4 £350 +79.49% 6

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 13 April 2021, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 42 (34.15%) SQL
2 30 (24.39%) Mainframe
3 26 (21.14%) SAS
4 23 (18.70%) zOS
5 22 (17.89%) IBM
5 22 (17.89%) Python
5 22 (17.89%) Oracle
6 19 (15.45%) PL/SQL
7 18 (14.63%) C
7 18 (14.63%) Unix
7 18 (14.63%) Agile Software Development
8 17 (13.82%) Java
9 16 (13.01%) Business Intelligence
9 16 (13.01%) Problem-Solving
10 15 (12.20%) R
11 14 (11.38%) Security Cleared
11 14 (11.38%) Software Engineering
11 14 (11.38%) Data Modelling
11 14 (11.38%) Shell Script
11 14 (11.38%) JCL
11 14 (11.38%) Scrum
12 13 (10.57%) APPN
12 13 (10.57%) TCP/IP
12 13 (10.57%) SNA
12 13 (10.57%) Linux
12 13 (10.57%) SC Cleared
13 12 (9.76%) OO
13 12 (9.76%) Perl
13 12 (9.76%) COBOL
13 12 (9.76%) J2EE

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 26 (21.14%) SAS
2 11 (8.94%) WebLogic
3 4 (3.25%) CICS
4 2 (1.63%) WebSphere
5 1 (0.81%) Apache
5 1 (0.81%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.81%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.81%) Tomcat
Applications
1 3 (2.44%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.63%) 3ds Max
2 2 (1.63%) ALPHACAM
2 2 (1.63%) Maya
2 2 (1.63%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 3 (2.44%) Oracle Applications
2 2 (1.63%) Maximo
3 1 (0.81%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 9 (7.32%) AWS
2 4 (3.25%) Azure
3 2 (1.63%) Cloud Computing
3 2 (1.63%) SaaS
4 1 (0.81%) Amazon S3
4 1 (0.81%) AWS Lambda
4 1 (0.81%) Oracle CX
4 1 (0.81%) Oracle Service Cloud
4 1 (0.81%) PaaS
4 1 (0.81%) Power Platform
4 1 (0.81%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 13 (10.57%) APPN
1 13 (10.57%) SNA
1 13 (10.57%) TCP/IP
2 8 (6.50%) FTP
3 4 (3.25%) Firewall
3 4 (3.25%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
3 4 (3.25%) Wireshark
4 1 (0.81%) ASN.1
4 1 (0.81%) Internet
4 1 (0.81%) WebEx
4 1 (0.81%) Wireless
4 1 (0.81%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 6 (4.88%) SQL Server
2 5 (4.07%) Data Warehouse
2 5 (4.07%) DB2
2 5 (4.07%) Spotfire
3 4 (3.25%) Oracle Database
3 4 (3.25%) Oracle ODI
3 4 (3.25%) Relational Database
3 4 (3.25%) SAP Data Services
3 4 (3.25%) Tableau
4 3 (2.44%) IMS/DB
4 3 (2.44%) Oracle Database 11g
5 2 (1.63%) Base SAS
6 1 (0.81%) Hadoop
6 1 (0.81%) NoSQL
6 1 (0.81%) Power BI
6 1 (0.81%) SAS Data Integration Studio
6 1 (0.81%) SAS Enterprise Guide
6 1 (0.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 11 (8.94%) CA Gen
2 3 (2.44%) GDB
2 3 (2.44%) Git (software)
3 2 (1.63%) Jasmine
3 2 (1.63%) Jenkins
3 2 (1.63%) Karma Test Runner
3 2 (1.63%) Moq
3 2 (1.63%) NUnit
3 2 (1.63%) Toad
4 1 (0.81%) CircleCI
4 1 (0.81%) Cypress.io
4 1 (0.81%) fastlane
4 1 (0.81%) Oracle APEX
4 1 (0.81%) Pivotal Tracker
4 1 (0.81%) PowerBuilder
4 1 (0.81%) Subversion
4 1 (0.81%) webpack
4 1 (0.81%) Xcode
General
1 12 (9.76%) Pharmaceutical
1 12 (9.76%) Public Sector
2 11 (8.94%) Finance
3 7 (5.69%) Front Office
4 6 (4.88%) Banking
4 6 (4.88%) Manufacturing
5 3 (2.44%) Publishing
6 2 (1.63%) Games
6 2 (1.63%) Local Government
6 2 (1.63%) Retail
6 2 (1.63%) Telecoms
7 1 (0.81%) Electronics
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 12 (9.76%) J2EE
2 8 (6.50%) ISPF
2 8 (6.50%) Web Services
3 7 (5.69%) .NET
3 7 (5.69%) JSON
4 6 (4.88%) HTML
5 5 (4.07%) RESTful
6 4 (3.25%) AngularJS
6 4 (3.25%) EDI
6 4 (3.25%) Shiny
6 4 (3.25%) Software Packaging
7 3 (2.44%) .NET Framework
7 3 (2.44%) ASP.NET
7 3 (2.44%) CSS
7 3 (2.44%) Entity Framework
7 3 (2.44%) NumPy
7 3 (2.44%) Pandas
7 3 (2.44%) Redux
7 3 (2.44%) Twitter Bootstrap
7 3 (2.44%) Unreal Engine
Miscellaneous
1 30 (24.39%) Mainframe
2 6 (4.88%) Analytical Skills
2 6 (4.88%) AS400
3 4 (3.25%) Data Structures
3 4 (3.25%) IBM Mainframe
4 3 (2.44%) Embedded Systems
5 2 (1.63%) Algorithms
5 2 (1.63%) Equities
5 2 (1.63%) PlayStation
5 2 (1.63%) User Experience
5 2 (1.63%) Virtual Team
5 2 (1.63%) Xbox
6 1 (0.81%) Animation
6 1 (0.81%) Credit Risk
6 1 (0.81%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.81%) iSeries
6 1 (0.81%) Life Science
6 1 (0.81%) Mobile App
6 1 (0.81%) Reinsurance
6 1 (0.81%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 23 (18.70%) zOS
2 18 (14.63%) Unix
3 13 (10.57%) Linux
4 9 (7.32%) MVS
5 4 (3.25%) Android
5 4 (3.25%) Apple iOS
6 2 (1.63%) Windows
7 1 (0.81%) OpenVMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 18 (14.63%) Agile Software Development
2 16 (13.01%) Business Intelligence
2 16 (13.01%) Problem-Solving
3 14 (11.38%) Data Modelling
3 14 (11.38%) Scrum
3 14 (11.38%) Software Engineering
4 12 (9.76%) OO
4 12 (9.76%) Process Improvement
5 11 (8.94%) RUP
5 11 (8.94%) Waterfall
6 10 (8.13%) Configuration Management
6 10 (8.13%) Problem Management
6 10 (8.13%) Test Strategy
7 8 (6.50%) Computer Science
8 7 (5.69%) Machine Learning
8 7 (5.69%) TDD
9 6 (4.88%) Data Science
9 6 (4.88%) Investment Management
9 6 (4.88%) Time Management
10 5 (4.07%) Visualisation
Programming Languages
1 42 (34.15%) SQL
2 22 (17.89%) Python
3 19 (15.45%) PL/SQL
4 18 (14.63%) C
5 17 (13.82%) Java
6 15 (12.20%) R
7 14 (11.38%) JCL
7 14 (11.38%) Shell Script
8 12 (9.76%) COBOL
8 12 (9.76%) Perl
9 11 (8.94%) JavaScript
10 8 (6.50%) RPG
11 7 (5.69%) C#
12 6 (4.88%) Assembly Language
12 6 (4.88%) C++
13 5 (4.07%) REXX
14 4 (3.25%) Bash Shell
14 4 (3.25%) RPG IV
15 3 (2.44%) VB
15 3 (2.44%) VBA
Qualifications
1 14 (11.38%) Security Cleared
2 13 (10.57%) SC Cleared
3 5 (4.07%) PhD
4 2 (1.63%) Degree
5 1 (0.81%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (4.07%) CDISC
2 4 (3.25%) QA
3 1 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
3 1 (0.81%) IFRS
3 1 (0.81%) IFRS 9
System Software
1 12 (9.76%) RACF
2 8 (6.50%) Time Sharing Option
3 6 (4.88%) ACF2
4 3 (2.44%) Firmware
5 2 (1.63%) Job Entry Subsystem
Systems Management
1 10 (8.13%) Tivoli NetView
2 5 (4.07%) OMEGAMON
3 2 (1.63%) zSecure
Vendors
1 22 (17.89%) IBM
1 22 (17.89%) Oracle
2 11 (8.94%) BEA
2 11 (8.94%) Pega
2 11 (8.94%) webMethods
3 8 (6.50%) CA
4 7 (5.69%) SAP
5 3 (2.44%) Guidewire
6 2 (1.63%) LANSA
6 2 (1.63%) Microsoft
7 1 (0.81%) HP
7 1 (0.81%) Splunk