Period
to 17 February 2020

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £540 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
17 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 604 591 668
Rank change year-on-year -13 +77 -57
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 133 286 205
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.19% 0.29% 0.20%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.21% 0.31% 0.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 95 213 142
UK median daily rate £540 £470 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.89% +4.44% +11.80%
10th Percentile £363 £313 £306
90th Percentile £750 £638 £675
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £400
% change year-on-year +2.86% +9.38% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 5 9
UK median hourly rate £29.25 £31.50 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -7.14% -16.00% -
10th Percentile £18.25 £24.30 £29.10
90th Percentile £42.50 £33.90 £44.70
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £33.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year -43.94% +1.54% -13.33%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 64,362 92,468 95,476
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.89% 94.68% 94.90%
Number of daily rates quoted 41,663 61,198 63,345
UK median daily rate £450 £460 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.17% +2.22% +5.88%
10th Percentile £238 £275 £263
90th Percentile £650 £644 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,563 2,896 2,843
UK median hourly rate £19.18 £18.70 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.57% - +3.89%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.00 £10.88
90th Percentile £51.75 £48.75 £48.07
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £17.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year +2.86% - -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 17 February 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 17 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +21 122 £550 +18.28% 182
UK excluding London +25 67 £450 +2.86% 162
London +59 66 £575 +7.48% 30
South East +62 21 £565 +24.86% 44
North of England +50 17 £369 -16.19% 32
Scotland +10 11 £450 +24.14% 8
North West +40 9 £600 +33.33% 21
Yorkshire +45 8 £350 -3.58% 6
East of England +30 8 £370 +2.07% 28
Midlands +32 6 £401 -8.81% 40
South West +15 4 £419 -1.47% 8
East Midlands +38 3 £450 +44.00% 20
West Midlands +23 3 £325 -26.14% 19

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 17 February 2020, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 44 (33.08%) SQL
2 37 (27.82%) Agile Software Development
3 36 (27.07%) Finance
4 31 (23.31%) Java
5 29 (21.80%) Python
6 28 (21.05%) Oracle
7 21 (15.79%) Software Engineering
8 20 (15.04%) AWS
8 20 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
9 19 (14.29%) SQL Server
9 19 (14.29%) Web Services
9 19 (14.29%) PL/SQL
10 18 (13.53%) C#
11 16 (12.03%) .NET
11 16 (12.03%) Analytics
12 15 (11.28%) Relational Database
13 14 (10.53%) SAS
14 13 (9.77%) Banking
14 13 (9.77%) Data Modelling
14 13 (9.77%) JavaScript
14 13 (9.77%) Linux
14 13 (9.77%) Azure
15 12 (9.02%) React
15 12 (9.02%) C
16 11 (8.27%) Windows
16 11 (8.27%) Business Intelligence
16 11 (8.27%) Scrum
16 11 (8.27%) TDD
16 11 (8.27%) Analytical Skills
17 9 (6.77%) Microservices

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (10.53%) SAS
2 7 (5.26%) Confluence
2 7 (5.26%) WebLogic
3 3 (2.26%) Apache Spark
3 3 (2.26%) CICS
4 2 (1.50%) Oracle Service Bus
4 2 (1.50%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 2 (1.50%) WebSphere
5 1 (0.75%) Elasticsearch
5 1 (0.75%) SharePoint
Applications
1 7 (5.26%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 2 (1.50%) Maximo
2 1 (0.75%) Dynamics AX
2 1 (0.75%) JDE World
Cloud Services
1 20 (15.04%) AWS
2 13 (9.77%) Azure
3 6 (4.51%) Amazon EMR
4 5 (3.76%) GCP
5 3 (2.26%) Power Platform
6 2 (1.50%) Azure Data Factory
7 1 (0.75%) Amazon EC2
7 1 (0.75%) Amazon S3
7 1 (0.75%) AWS Lambda
7 1 (0.75%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.75%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 9 (6.77%) TCP/IP
2 3 (2.26%) DHCP
2 3 (2.26%) HTTP
2 3 (2.26%) HTTPS
2 3 (2.26%) IPv4
2 3 (2.26%) IPv6
2 3 (2.26%) Wi-Fi
2 3 (2.26%) Wireshark
3 1 (0.75%) OpenScape
3 1 (0.75%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 15 (11.28%) Relational Database
3 9 (6.77%) MySQL
4 8 (6.02%) Big Data
5 7 (5.26%) MongoDB
5 7 (5.26%) Redis
6 6 (4.51%) Hadoop
7 5 (3.76%) MS Access
8 4 (3.01%) DB2
8 4 (3.01%) Oracle Database
8 4 (3.01%) Oracle Reports
8 4 (3.01%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 3 (2.26%) Data Warehouse
9 3 (2.26%) Power BI
9 3 (2.26%) QlikView
9 3 (2.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 2 (1.50%) InterSystems Cache
10 2 (1.50%) Oracle ODI
10 2 (1.50%) RDBMS
11 1 (0.75%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 9 (6.77%) JIRA
2 7 (5.26%) Bitbucket
3 3 (2.26%) LabVIEW
3 3 (2.26%) Oracle APEX
3 3 (2.26%) PowerBuilder
3 3 (2.26%) Team Foundation Server
4 1 (0.75%) Git (software)
4 1 (0.75%) GitLab
4 1 (0.75%) Jenkins
4 1 (0.75%) Maven
4 1 (0.75%) MorphX
4 1 (0.75%) Oracle Forms
4 1 (0.75%) ProC
4 1 (0.75%) TeamCity
4 1 (0.75%) webpack
General
1 36 (27.07%) Finance
2 13 (9.77%) Banking
3 7 (5.26%) Front Office
4 5 (3.76%) Public Sector
5 4 (3.01%) Pharmaceutical
6 3 (2.26%) Publishing
7 1 (0.75%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.75%) Electronics
7 1 (0.75%) Financial Institution
7 1 (0.75%) French Language
7 1 (0.75%) Investment Banking
7 1 (0.75%) Local Government
7 1 (0.75%) Retail
7 1 (0.75%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 19 (14.29%) Web Services
2 16 (12.03%) .NET
3 12 (9.02%) React
4 8 (6.02%) ASP.NET
4 8 (6.02%) J2EE
5 7 (5.26%) AngularJS
6 6 (4.51%) .NET Core
6 6 (4.51%) GraphQL
6 6 (4.51%) HTML
7 5 (3.76%) EDI
7 5 (3.76%) Node.js
8 4 (3.01%) CSS
8 4 (3.01%) Django
8 4 (3.01%) ISPF
9 3 (2.26%) POSIX
9 3 (2.26%) Spring
9 3 (2.26%) XML
9 3 (2.26%) Yocto
10 2 (1.50%) Oracle Fusion
10 2 (1.50%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 11 (8.27%) Analytical Skills
2 8 (6.02%) Algorithms
3 6 (4.51%) AS400
3 6 (4.51%) Management Information System
3 6 (4.51%) SCADA
4 5 (3.76%) Cloud Native
4 5 (3.76%) Hedge funds
5 4 (3.01%) Mainframe
6 3 (2.26%) Device Driver
6 3 (2.26%) Life Science
7 2 (1.50%) Enterprise Software
7 2 (1.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 2 (1.50%) Greenfield Project
7 2 (1.50%) Market Risk
7 2 (1.50%) Reinsurance
8 1 (0.75%) Data Structures
8 1 (0.75%) iSeries
8 1 (0.75%) Mobile App
8 1 (0.75%) Private Cloud
8 1 (0.75%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 13 (9.77%) Linux
2 11 (8.27%) Windows
3 6 (4.51%) Windows Server
3 6 (4.51%) Windows Server 2012
4 5 (3.76%) zOS
5 1 (0.75%) MVS
5 1 (0.75%) OS/400
5 1 (0.75%) Unix
Processes & Methodologies
1 37 (27.82%) Agile Software Development
2 21 (15.79%) Software Engineering
3 20 (15.04%) Problem-Solving
4 16 (12.03%) Analytics
5 13 (9.77%) Data Modelling
6 11 (8.27%) Business Intelligence
6 11 (8.27%) Scrum
6 11 (8.27%) TDD
7 9 (6.77%) Microservices
7 9 (6.77%) Stakeholder Management
8 8 (6.02%) API Development
8 8 (6.02%) DevOps
8 8 (6.02%) Process Improvement
9 7 (5.26%) Configuration Management
9 7 (5.26%) Problem Management
9 7 (5.26%) SDLC
9 7 (5.26%) Test Strategy
10 6 (4.51%) Algorithmic Trading
10 6 (4.51%) Computer Science
10 6 (4.51%) Fund Management
Programming Languages
1 44 (33.08%) SQL
2 31 (23.31%) Java
3 29 (21.80%) Python
4 19 (14.29%) PL/SQL
5 18 (13.53%) C#
6 13 (9.77%) JavaScript
7 12 (9.02%) C
8 8 (6.02%) C++
8 8 (6.02%) RPG
8 8 (6.02%) Scala
9 7 (5.26%) Java 8
9 7 (5.26%) RPG IV
10 6 (4.51%) Assembly Language
10 6 (4.51%) F#
11 5 (3.76%) R
11 5 (3.76%) T-SQL
12 4 (3.01%) JCL
12 4 (3.01%) REXX
12 4 (3.01%) VB.NET
13 3 (2.26%) VBA
Qualifications
1 7 (5.26%) Degree
2 4 (3.01%) Computer Science Degree
3 3 (2.26%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.26%) Security Cleared
4 2 (1.50%) CFA
4 2 (1.50%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.75%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.75%) MCP
5 1 (0.75%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.75%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 2 (1.50%) CDISC
1 2 (1.50%) Data Quality
2 1 (0.75%) QA
System Software
1 4 (3.01%) ACF2
1 4 (3.01%) RACF
1 4 (3.01%) Time Sharing Option
2 2 (1.50%) Active Directory
2 2 (1.50%) Docker
2 2 (1.50%) Firmware
Systems Management
1 4 (3.01%) OMEGAMON
2 3 (2.26%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.75%) Ansible
Vendors
1 28 (21.05%) Oracle
2 8 (6.02%) IBM
3 7 (5.26%) BEA
3 7 (5.26%) Microsoft
3 7 (5.26%) webMethods
4 5 (3.76%) CA
5 3 (2.26%) Cognos
5 3 (2.26%) SunGard
5 3 (2.26%) Vermilion
6 2 (1.50%) Borland
6 2 (1.50%) Canon
6 2 (1.50%) Google
6 2 (1.50%) InterSystems
6 2 (1.50%) JD Edwards
6 2 (1.50%) Zoho
7 1 (0.75%) HP
7 1 (0.75%) Informatica
7 1 (0.75%) MuleSoft
7 1 (0.75%) Qualys
7 1 (0.75%) SAP