Period
to 20 September 2021

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £480 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
20 Sep 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 673 445 668
Rank change year-on-year -228 +223 -7
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 115 62 168
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.15% 0.21% 0.19%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.16% 0.23% 0.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 82 43 121
10th Percentile £338 £283 £313
25th Percentile £378 £394 £413
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £480 £525 £500
Median % change year-on-year -8.57% +5.00% +11.11%
75th Percentile £550 £636 £600
90th Percentile £681 £710 £700
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £375 £425
% change year-on-year - -11.76% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 6 4
10th Percentile £57.29 £18.88 £44.25
25th Percentile £59.41 £26.44 £48.75
Median hourly rate £63.38 £47.50 £53.75
Median % change year-on-year +33.42% -11.63% +19.44%
75th Percentile £66.91 £55.16 £58.44
90th Percentile £68.76 £57.81 £60.13
UK excluding London median hourly rate - £42.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year - -22.73% +22.22%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 73,658 26,968 83,636
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 93.14% 92.48% 94.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 50,910 18,017 55,913
10th Percentile £300 £263 £263
25th Percentile £405 £363 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £500 £475 £463
Median % change year-on-year +5.26% +2.70% +2.78%
75th Percentile £600 £575 £572
90th Percentile £688 £668 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £431 £425
% change year-on-year +4.41% +1.41% +2.41%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,043 897 2,767
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.17 £11.17
25th Percentile £13.50 £14.25 £13.50
Median hourly rate £20.00 £21.88 £19.00
Median % change year-on-year -8.57% +15.13% +8.57%
75th Percentile £45.00 £43.75 £43.37
90th Percentile £60.99 £53.85 £52.27
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.81 £20.00 £17.50
% change year-on-year -10.95% +14.29% -

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 20 September 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 13 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 20 September 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -215 99 £480 -12.73% 68
London -179 48 £535 -6.98% 11
UK excluding London -130 44 £375 - 64
Work from Home -216 44 £450 -25.00% 11
South East -81 18 £350 -20.45% 18
North of England -80 11 £388 +34.78% 18
North West -53 9 £453 +174.24% 13
West Midlands -58 9 £434 +44.58% 7
Midlands -73 9 £434 +44.58% 12
South West -40 5 £500 -28.57% 6
North East -17 1 £165 -34.00% 2
Yorkshire -50 1 £330 -5.71% 3
Scotland -88 1 £450 +20.00% 6

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 20 September 2021, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 35 (30.43%) SQL
2 29 (25.22%) Agile Software Development
3 28 (24.35%) Social Skills
4 22 (19.13%) C#
4 22 (19.13%) .NET
5 21 (18.26%) Software Engineering
6 20 (17.39%) Git (software)
7 19 (16.52%) Oracle
7 19 (16.52%) SQL Server
7 19 (16.52%) Python
7 19 (16.52%) Mainframe
8 18 (15.65%) zOS
9 17 (14.78%) C
9 17 (14.78%) RESTful
10 16 (13.91%) Computer Science
10 16 (13.91%) Azure
10 16 (13.91%) JSON
10 16 (13.91%) MVC
11 15 (13.04%) JavaScript
11 15 (13.04%) Microsoft
11 15 (13.04%) Unit Testing
11 15 (13.04%) DevOps
12 14 (12.17%) AngularJS
12 14 (12.17%) Java
12 14 (12.17%) Scrum
13 13 (11.30%) Finance
13 13 (11.30%) IBM
13 13 (11.30%) CA
13 13 (11.30%) TDD
13 13 (11.30%) .NET Core

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 9 (7.83%) BizTalk Server
1 9 (7.83%) CICS
2 7 (6.09%) SAS
3 4 (3.48%) WebLogic
3 4 (3.48%) WebSphere
4 2 (1.74%) Ethereum
5 1 (0.87%) Apache Spark
5 1 (0.87%) CMS
5 1 (0.87%) Confluence
5 1 (0.87%) MQSeries
5 1 (0.87%) Oracle Coherence
5 1 (0.87%) SharePoint
Applications
1 2 (1.74%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 1 (0.87%) Front Arena
1 1 (0.87%) Maximo
1 1 (0.87%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
1 1 (0.87%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 16 (13.91%) Azure
2 10 (8.70%) Azure Active Directory
3 7 (6.09%) AWS CodeCommit
4 3 (2.61%) AWS
4 3 (2.61%) GCP
5 2 (1.74%) Amazon S3
5 2 (1.74%) Azure Service Bus
5 2 (1.74%) OpenShift
5 2 (1.74%) Power Platform
5 2 (1.74%) SuccessFactors
6 1 (0.87%) Amazon Cognito
6 1 (0.87%) Amazon ECS
6 1 (0.87%) Amazon EKS
6 1 (0.87%) AWS Lambda
6 1 (0.87%) GitHub
6 1 (0.87%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.87%) Serverless
6 1 (0.87%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 4 (3.48%) TCP/IP
2 2 (1.74%) Firewall
2 2 (1.74%) OSPF
3 1 (0.87%) FTP
3 1 (0.87%) Internet
3 1 (0.87%) SNA
3 1 (0.87%) SSL
3 1 (0.87%) WAN
3 1 (0.87%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 19 (16.52%) SQL Server
2 8 (6.96%) Azure SQL Database
3 7 (6.09%) DB2
4 4 (3.48%) IDMS
4 4 (3.48%) Relational Database
5 3 (2.61%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 3 (2.61%) Oracle Database
6 2 (1.74%) Blockchain
6 2 (1.74%) MySQL
6 2 (1.74%) Power BI
7 1 (0.87%) Apache Hive
7 1 (0.87%) Base SAS
7 1 (0.87%) Data Warehouse
7 1 (0.87%) DB2 UDB
7 1 (0.87%) Hadoop
7 1 (0.87%) MongoDB
7 1 (0.87%) NoSQL
7 1 (0.87%) Spark SQL
Development Applications
1 20 (17.39%) Git (software)
2 12 (10.43%) Jenkins
3 10 (8.70%) Pivotal Tracker
4 9 (7.83%) Jasmine
4 9 (7.83%) Karma Test Runner
5 7 (6.09%) CircleCI
5 7 (6.09%) ESLint
5 7 (6.09%) fastlane
5 7 (6.09%) Xcode
6 4 (3.48%) CA Gen
7 3 (2.61%) Android Studio
7 3 (2.61%) Calabash
7 3 (2.61%) Gradle
7 3 (2.61%) JUnit
7 3 (2.61%) TeamCity
7 3 (2.61%) Visual Studio
8 2 (1.74%) JIRA
8 2 (1.74%) Moq
8 2 (1.74%) NUnit
9 1 (0.87%) Artifactory
General
1 28 (24.35%) Social Skills
2 13 (11.30%) Finance
3 8 (6.96%) Analytical Skills
4 7 (6.09%) Back Office
5 5 (4.35%) Manufacturing
6 4 (3.48%) Banking
6 4 (3.48%) Front Office
6 4 (3.48%) Games
6 4 (3.48%) Public Sector
7 2 (1.74%) Investment Banking
7 2 (1.74%) Marketing
8 1 (0.87%) Avionics
8 1 (0.87%) Law
8 1 (0.87%) Pharmaceutical
8 1 (0.87%) Presentation Skills
8 1 (0.87%) Telecoms
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 22 (19.13%) .NET
2 17 (14.78%) RESTful
3 16 (13.91%) JSON
4 14 (12.17%) AngularJS
5 13 (11.30%) .NET Core
6 12 (10.43%) .NET Framework
6 12 (10.43%) ISPF
6 12 (10.43%) XML
7 10 (8.70%) ASP.NET Web API
7 10 (8.70%) Entity Framework
8 9 (7.83%) Node.js
8 9 (7.83%) React
9 8 (6.96%) Android SDK
9 8 (6.96%) ASP.NET
9 8 (6.96%) HTML
9 8 (6.96%) jQuery
9 8 (6.96%) Vue.js
10 7 (6.09%) Backbone.js
10 7 (6.09%) Jest
10 7 (6.09%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 19 (16.52%) Mainframe
2 10 (8.70%) User Experience
3 7 (6.09%) AS400
3 7 (6.09%) Hedge funds
4 3 (2.61%) Algorithms
4 3 (2.61%) Data Protection Act
4 3 (2.61%) iSeries
5 2 (1.74%) Data Structures
5 2 (1.74%) IBM Mainframe
5 2 (1.74%) Mobile App
6 1 (0.87%) Animation
6 1 (0.87%) CMDB
6 1 (0.87%) Data Centre
6 1 (0.87%) Fixed Income
6 1 (0.87%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (0.87%) Management Information System
6 1 (0.87%) Market Risk
Operating Systems
1 18 (15.65%) zOS
2 9 (7.83%) Unix
3 8 (6.96%) Android
4 7 (6.09%) Apple iOS
4 7 (6.09%) MVS
5 6 (5.22%) Windows
6 4 (3.48%) Linux
7 1 (0.87%) Solaris
7 1 (0.87%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 29 (25.22%) Agile Software Development
2 21 (18.26%) Software Engineering
3 16 (13.91%) Computer Science
3 16 (13.91%) MVC
4 15 (13.04%) DevOps
4 15 (13.04%) Unit Testing
5 14 (12.17%) Scrum
6 13 (11.30%) TDD
7 11 (9.57%) Migration
7 11 (9.57%) MVVM
7 11 (9.57%) Test Automation
8 10 (8.70%) Analytics
8 10 (8.70%) Backlog Management
9 8 (6.96%) Android Development
9 8 (6.96%) Kanban
9 8 (6.96%) OO
9 8 (6.96%) Process Improvement
10 7 (6.09%) Digital Transformation Programme
10 7 (6.09%) iOS Development
10 7 (6.09%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 35 (30.43%) SQL
2 22 (19.13%) C#
3 19 (16.52%) Python
4 17 (14.78%) C
5 15 (13.04%) JavaScript
6 14 (12.17%) Java
7 12 (10.43%) PL/SQL
8 10 (8.70%) JCL
9 9 (7.83%) Perl
10 8 (6.96%) Kotlin
10 8 (6.96%) REXX
10 8 (6.96%) RPG
11 7 (6.09%) Apple Swift
11 7 (6.09%) Objective-C
12 6 (5.22%) Assembly Language
12 6 (5.22%) C++
13 5 (4.35%) COBOL
13 5 (4.35%) PowerShell
13 5 (4.35%) Shell Script
13 5 (4.35%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 7 (6.09%) Security Cleared
2 6 (5.22%) SC Cleared
3 5 (4.35%) Degree
4 2 (1.74%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.87%) Computer Science Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (2.61%) QA
2 2 (1.74%) Data Quality
2 2 (1.74%) GDPR
3 1 (0.87%) CDISC
System Software
1 10 (8.70%) Active Directory
1 10 (8.70%) RACF
2 9 (7.83%) Time Sharing Option
3 6 (5.22%) Docker
4 5 (4.35%) ACF2
5 3 (2.61%) Job Entry Subsystem
6 1 (0.87%) HDFS
6 1 (0.87%) Varnish
6 1 (0.87%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (5.22%) Kubernetes
2 3 (2.61%) OMEGAMON
3 2 (1.74%) MIIS
4 1 (0.87%) Ansible
4 1 (0.87%) Docker Swarm
4 1 (0.87%) ITRS Geneos
4 1 (0.87%) Terraform
4 1 (0.87%) Tivoli NetView
4 1 (0.87%) Unicenter
Vendors
1 19 (16.52%) Oracle
2 15 (13.04%) Microsoft
3 13 (11.30%) CA
3 13 (11.30%) IBM
4 4 (3.48%) BEA
4 4 (3.48%) Google
4 4 (3.48%) Pega
4 4 (3.48%) webMethods
5 3 (2.61%) BMC
5 3 (2.61%) Compuware
5 3 (2.61%) SAP
6 2 (1.74%) GoldenSource
7 1 (0.87%) BT
7 1 (0.87%) Cognos
7 1 (0.87%) Infor
7 1 (0.87%) Informatica
7 1 (0.87%) JDA
7 1 (0.87%) LANSA
7 1 (0.87%) Micro Focus
7 1 (0.87%) Reuters