Period
to 18 June 2021

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £405 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
18 Jun 2021
Same period 2020 Same period 2019
Rank 588 522 653
Rank change year-on-year -66 +131 -8
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 125 79 214
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 0.20% 0.18% 0.24%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.22% 0.20% 0.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 75 62 153
10th Percentile £282 £350 £308
25th Percentile £325 £406 £363
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £405 £529 £450
Median % change year-on-year -23.40% +17.50% -
75th Percentile £496 £666 £538
90th Percentile £575 £750 £628
UK excluding London median daily rate £363 £400 £435
% change year-on-year -9.38% -8.05% +12.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 5 6
10th Percentile " £16.88 £24.50
25th Percentile £17.00 £17.83 £32.06
Median hourly rate £50.00 £18.50 £48.75
Median % change year-on-year +170.27% -62.05% +30.00%
75th Percentile £57.63 £35.51 £60.31
90th Percentile £65.05 £40.46 £62.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.00 £18.50 £55.00
% change year-on-year -2.70% -66.36% +69.23%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 58,026 40,008 85,786
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 92.87% 93.52% 94.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 39,753 26,617 57,332
10th Percentile £300 £256 £269
25th Percentile £400 £363 £368
Median daily rate (50th Percentile) £495 £475 £475
Median % change year-on-year +4.21% - +5.56%
75th Percentile £588 £575 £575
90th Percentile £675 £656 £650
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £434 £425
% change year-on-year +0.86% +2.06% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,770 1,382 2,679
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.44 £11.15
25th Percentile £14.13 £14.25 £13.25
Median hourly rate £21.28 £19.50 £18.50
Median % change year-on-year +9.10% +5.41% +5.71%
75th Percentile £43.75 £40.00 £41.91
90th Percentile £57.50 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £18.50 £18.50 £17.50
% change year-on-year - +5.71% +1.04%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

Daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Programmer.

Hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 18 June 2021.

Hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 14 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 18 June 2021. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -32 109 £405 -26.36% 81
UK excluding London +22 60 £363 -9.38% 77
London -81 45 £480 -15.79% 9
Work from Home -235 44 £405 -32.50% 11
Midlands +17 30 £390 +15.56% 19
West Midlands - 29 £390 - 13
South East +6 12 £350 -39.13% 19
North of England +5 8 £350 - 16
North West +2 6 £388 +98.72% 12
South West +20 4 £375 -46.43% 13
East of England +4 3 £513 +2.50% 5
Scotland -41 3 £350 -15.15% 3
North East +16 1 £165 -34.00%
Yorkshire +5 1 £330 -5.71% 4

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 18 June 2021, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 43 (34.40%) SQL
2 29 (23.20%) C
3 27 (21.60%) Java
3 27 (21.60%) Oracle
4 26 (20.80%) Social Skills
5 24 (19.20%) Software Engineering
6 23 (18.40%) Agile Software Development
7 22 (17.60%) Mainframe
8 21 (16.80%) PL/SQL
9 20 (16.00%) Scrum
10 19 (15.20%) Perl
10 19 (15.20%) Unix
11 18 (14.40%) Shell Script
11 18 (14.40%) JSON
11 18 (14.40%) Security Cleared
12 17 (13.60%) SC Cleared
12 17 (13.60%) Process Improvement
13 16 (12.80%) RESTful
13 16 (12.80%) zOS
13 16 (12.80%) COBOL
13 16 (12.80%) J2EE
13 16 (12.80%) OO
13 16 (12.80%) Business Intelligence
14 15 (12.00%) RUP
14 15 (12.00%) Python
14 15 (12.00%) MVC
14 15 (12.00%) Waterfall
14 15 (12.00%) Test Strategy
15 14 (11.20%) CA Gen
15 14 (11.20%) Pega

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 14 (11.20%) WebLogic
2 8 (6.40%) CICS
2 8 (6.40%) SAS
3 5 (4.00%) WebSphere
4 4 (3.20%) BizTalk Server
5 2 (1.60%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.80%) Apache
6 1 (0.80%) CMS
6 1 (0.80%) Ethereum
6 1 (0.80%) MQSeries
6 1 (0.80%) Oracle Coherence
6 1 (0.80%) Tomcat
Applications
1 3 (2.40%) Microsoft Office
2 2 (1.60%) ALPHACAM
2 2 (1.60%) Microsoft Excel
3 1 (0.80%) Microsoft PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 2 (1.60%) Maximo
2 1 (0.80%) Front Arena
2 1 (0.80%) Refinitiv Enterprise Platform
2 1 (0.80%) Unit4 Business World
Cloud Services
1 11 (8.80%) Azure
2 6 (4.80%) AWS
3 3 (2.40%) Azure Active Directory
3 3 (2.40%) GCP
4 2 (1.60%) Cloud Computing
4 2 (1.60%) Power Platform
5 1 (0.80%) Amazon S3
5 1 (0.80%) AWS CodeCommit
5 1 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
5 1 (0.80%) GitHub
5 1 (0.80%) Oracle CX
5 1 (0.80%) Oracle Service Cloud
5 1 (0.80%) PaaS
5 1 (0.80%) SaaS
5 1 (0.80%) Serverless
5 1 (0.80%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 9 (7.20%) SNA
1 9 (7.20%) TCP/IP
2 8 (6.40%) APPN
2 8 (6.40%) FTP
3 2 (1.60%) Internet
4 1 (0.80%) ASN.1
4 1 (0.80%) SSL
4 1 (0.80%) WAN
4 1 (0.80%) WebEx
4 1 (0.80%) Wireless
4 1 (0.80%) X.509
4 1 (0.80%) Z-Wave
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (10.40%) SQL Server
2 6 (4.80%) DB2
3 5 (4.00%) Relational Database
4 3 (2.40%) Azure SQL Database
5 2 (1.60%) Amazon DynamoDB
5 2 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
5 2 (1.60%) Hadoop
5 2 (1.60%) NoSQL
5 2 (1.60%) Power BI
6 1 (0.80%) Adabas
6 1 (0.80%) Apache Hive
6 1 (0.80%) IDMS
6 1 (0.80%) IMS/DB
6 1 (0.80%) MongoDB
6 1 (0.80%) MySQL
6 1 (0.80%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.80%) SAS Enterprise Guide
6 1 (0.80%) SQL Server Analysis Services
6 1 (0.80%) SQL Server Integration Services
6 1 (0.80%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 14 (11.20%) CA Gen
2 13 (10.40%) Git (software)
3 9 (7.20%) Jenkins
4 8 (6.40%) Pivotal Tracker
5 6 (4.80%) CircleCI
5 6 (4.80%) fastlane
5 6 (4.80%) Xcode
6 4 (3.20%) Jasmine
6 4 (3.20%) Karma Test Runner
7 3 (2.40%) GDB
7 3 (2.40%) Moq
7 3 (2.40%) NUnit
8 2 (1.60%) Android Studio
8 2 (1.60%) Calabash
8 2 (1.60%) Gradle
8 2 (1.60%) JUnit
8 2 (1.60%) Visual Studio
9 1 (0.80%) ESLint
9 1 (0.80%) JIRA
9 1 (0.80%) Oracle APEX
General
1 26 (20.80%) Social Skills
2 13 (10.40%) Public Sector
3 8 (6.40%) Finance
4 7 (5.60%) Manufacturing
5 6 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
6 5 (4.00%) Banking
7 4 (3.20%) Front Office
8 2 (1.60%) Games
8 2 (1.60%) Local Government
8 2 (1.60%) Presentation Skills
8 2 (1.60%) Retail
8 2 (1.60%) Telecoms
9 1 (0.80%) Back Office
9 1 (0.80%) Electronics
9 1 (0.80%) Pharmaceutical
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 18 (14.40%) JSON
2 16 (12.80%) J2EE
2 16 (12.80%) RESTful
3 14 (11.20%) .NET
4 10 (8.00%) XML
5 9 (7.20%) Web Services
6 8 (6.40%) HTML
7 7 (5.60%) Android SDK
7 7 (5.60%) ISPF
8 6 (4.80%) .NET Core
8 6 (4.80%) .NET Framework
8 6 (4.80%) AngularJS
8 6 (4.80%) ASP.NET
8 6 (4.80%) Entity Framework
9 4 (3.20%) ASP.NET MVC
9 4 (3.20%) CSS
9 4 (3.20%) EDI
9 4 (3.20%) HTML5
9 4 (3.20%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 3 (2.40%) ASP.NET Web API
Miscellaneous
1 22 (17.60%) Mainframe
2 7 (5.60%) AS400
3 5 (4.00%) User Experience
4 4 (3.20%) IBM Mainframe
5 3 (2.40%) Algorithms
5 3 (2.40%) Embedded Systems
6 2 (1.60%) iSeries
6 2 (1.60%) Mobile App
7 1 (0.80%) Animation
7 1 (0.80%) Credit Risk
7 1 (0.80%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.80%) Data Structures
7 1 (0.80%) Equities
7 1 (0.80%) Fixed Income
7 1 (0.80%) Hedge funds
Operating Systems
1 19 (15.20%) Unix
2 16 (12.80%) zOS
3 13 (10.40%) MVS
4 7 (5.60%) Android
5 6 (4.80%) Apple iOS
5 6 (4.80%) Linux
6 4 (3.20%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 24 (19.20%) Software Engineering
2 23 (18.40%) Agile Software Development
3 20 (16.00%) Scrum
4 17 (13.60%) Process Improvement
5 16 (12.80%) Business Intelligence
5 16 (12.80%) OO
6 15 (12.00%) MVC
6 15 (12.00%) RUP
6 15 (12.00%) Test Strategy
6 15 (12.00%) Waterfall
7 14 (11.20%) Configuration Management
7 14 (11.20%) Data Modelling
8 13 (10.40%) Problem Management
8 13 (10.40%) TDD
9 12 (9.60%) Computer Science
10 9 (7.20%) Problem-Solving
11 8 (6.40%) Backlog Management
11 8 (6.40%) MVVM
11 8 (6.40%) Test Automation
12 7 (5.60%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 43 (34.40%) SQL
2 29 (23.20%) C
3 27 (21.60%) Java
4 21 (16.80%) PL/SQL
5 19 (15.20%) Perl
6 18 (14.40%) Shell Script
7 16 (12.80%) COBOL
8 15 (12.00%) Python
9 14 (11.20%) C#
10 12 (9.60%) JavaScript
11 9 (7.20%) RPG
12 7 (5.60%) JCL
12 7 (5.60%) Kotlin
13 6 (4.80%) Apple Swift
13 6 (4.80%) Assembly Language
13 6 (4.80%) C++
13 6 (4.80%) Objective-C
14 5 (4.00%) REXX
14 5 (4.00%) RPG IV
15 4 (3.20%) Bash Shell
Qualifications
1 18 (14.40%) Security Cleared
2 17 (13.60%) SC Cleared
3 3 (2.40%) Degree
4 2 (1.60%) Master's Degree
5 1 (0.80%) Numerate Degree
5 1 (0.80%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1 (0.80%) CDISC
1 1 (0.80%) Disclosure Scotland
1 1 (0.80%) IFRS
1 1 (0.80%) IFRS 9
1 1 (0.80%) QA
System Software
1 11 (8.80%) RACF
2 6 (4.80%) ACF2
3 5 (4.00%) Job Entry Subsystem
4 4 (3.20%) Time Sharing Option
5 3 (2.40%) Active Directory
5 3 (2.40%) Docker
5 3 (2.40%) Firmware
6 1 (0.80%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 9 (7.20%) Tivoli NetView
2 4 (3.20%) Kubernetes
3 2 (1.60%) OMEGAMON
4 1 (0.80%) ITRS Geneos
4 1 (0.80%) zSecure
Vendors
1 27 (21.60%) Oracle
2 14 (11.20%) BEA
2 14 (11.20%) Pega
2 14 (11.20%) webMethods
3 12 (9.60%) IBM
4 8 (6.40%) Microsoft
5 6 (4.80%) CA
6 3 (2.40%) BMC
6 3 (2.40%) Compuware
6 3 (2.40%) Google
7 2 (1.60%) GoldenSource
7 2 (1.60%) LANSA
7 2 (1.60%) SAP
8 1 (0.80%) HP
8 1 (0.80%) Infor
8 1 (0.80%) JDA
8 1 (0.80%) Reuters
8 1 (0.80%) Splunk