Period
to 19 September 2018

The median contractor rate for a Programmer was £450 per day in advertised job vacancies during the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

The first table below provides contractor rate benchmarking and summary statistics including a comparison to same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Programmer
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 627 608 581
Rank change year-on-year -19 -27 -169
Contract jobs requiring a Programmer 266 276 339
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 0.26% 0.28% 0.32%
As % of the Job Titles category 0.27% 0.29% 0.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 183 192 226
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +20.00% -
10th Percentile £320 £301 £290
90th Percentile £638 £613 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 9 7
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £34.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +28.57% +2.94% -15.00%
10th Percentile £26.50 £24.05 £20.62
90th Percentile £51.50 £53.50 £46.45
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £33.50
% change year-on-year +3.90% +14.93% -18.79%

The following table is for comparison with the above and includes summary statistics for all contract IT job vacancies. Most job vacancies include a discernible job title that can be normalized. As such, the figures in the second row provide an indication of the number of contract jobs in our overall sample.

All Contract IT Job Vacancies
UK
Contract vacancies in the UK with a recognized job title 97,681 93,729 101,570
% of contract IT jobs with a recognized job title 94.77% 94.93% 94.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 64,134 61,203 66,369
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £269 £263 £255
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.75% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3,170 2,824 3,150
UK median hourly rate £18.00 £18.70 £19.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -3.74% -1.58% +5.56%
10th Percentile £11.00 £10.75 £10.25
90th Percentile £48.75 £48.75 £46.52
UK excluding London median hourly rate £17.50 £18.00 £18.75
% change year-on-year -2.78% -4.00% +7.14%

Programmer
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings that featured Programmer in the job title as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor daily rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Programmer over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Programmer in the UK

Programmer
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Programmer within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 245 £450 - 219
London +41 152 £500 +5.26% 32
UK excluding London -28 108 £400 - 213
South East -25 30 £400 -3.03% 40
North of England -8 19 £351 -4.75% 37
Scotland -28 16 £388 +29.17% 19
Midlands -4 15 £470 +17.50% 56
South West -3 13 £410 -2.09% 27
East of England -6 13 £350 +5.66% 28
West Midlands -27 10 £470 +17.50% 38
Yorkshire -4 9 £350 -1.75% 17
North West -15 9 £575 +4.55% 16
East Midlands +14 4 £450 +38.46% 18
Northern Ireland +37 1 £180 -
North East -6 1 £353 +0.71% 4
Wales -18 1 - - 7

Programmer Skill Set
Top 30 Co-occurring IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, Programmer contract jobs required the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads featuring Programmer in the job title.

1 71 (26.69%) C#
2 69 (25.94%) Agile Software Development
3 65 (24.44%) Java
4 64 (24.06%) SQL
5 55 (20.68%) .NET
6 44 (16.54%) JavaScript
7 42 (15.79%) Finance
8 40 (15.04%) Python
9 36 (13.53%) Software Engineering
10 33 (12.41%) HTML
11 31 (11.65%) Scrum
12 30 (11.28%) Spring
13 29 (10.90%) SQL Server
14 27 (10.15%) AngularJS
15 26 (9.77%) Banking
15 26 (9.77%) Unix
16 25 (9.40%) TDD
16 25 (9.40%) WPF
16 25 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
17 23 (8.65%) Big Data
17 23 (8.65%) Linux
17 23 (8.65%) CSS
18 22 (8.27%) Git (software)
19 21 (7.89%) Continuous Integration
19 21 (7.89%) Microsoft
19 21 (7.89%) MVC
19 21 (7.89%) Spring Boot
20 20 (7.52%) Relational Database
20 20 (7.52%) ASP.NET
21 19 (7.14%) C++

Programmer Skill Set
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 12 (4.51%) SAS
2 8 (3.01%) WebSphere
3 5 (1.88%) Apache
4 4 (1.50%) IIS
4 4 (1.50%) JBoss
5 3 (1.13%) Apache Spark
5 3 (1.13%) CICS
5 3 (1.13%) Confluence
5 3 (1.13%) SharePoint
5 3 (1.13%) Tomcat
6 2 (0.75%) Anypoint
6 2 (0.75%) CMS
6 2 (0.75%) LiveCycle
6 2 (0.75%) Mule
7 1 (0.38%) nginx
7 1 (0.38%) Oracle Coherence
7 1 (0.38%) Oracle Workflow
7 1 (0.38%) Umbraco
7 1 (0.38%) WebLogic
7 1 (0.38%) WordPress
Applications
1 15 (5.64%) Microsoft Excel
2 6 (2.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.13%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.75%) S-PLUS
5 1 (0.38%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.38%) Siemens NX
5 1 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 5 (1.88%) Temenos Globus
1 5 (1.88%) Temenos T24
2 4 (1.50%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.75%) Endur
3 2 (0.75%) Markit EDM
3 2 (0.75%) Oracle EBS
4 1 (0.38%) CODA-Financials
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle EBS R12
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Financials
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle General Ledger
4 1 (0.38%) Oracle Receivables
4 1 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.38%) ScheduALL
Cloud Services
1 10 (3.76%) GitHub
2 9 (3.38%) Microsoft Azure
3 4 (1.50%) Azure Data Factory
3 4 (1.50%) Dynamics 365
3 4 (1.50%) Google Analytics
4 3 (1.13%) Slack
5 2 (0.75%) Amazon AWS
5 2 (0.75%) npm
5 2 (0.75%) Serverless
6 1 (0.38%) Amazon CloudWatch
6 1 (0.38%) Cloud Computing
6 1 (0.38%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.38%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 7 (2.63%) SSL
1 7 (2.63%) TCP/IP
2 6 (2.26%) Wireshark
3 5 (1.88%) HTTP
3 5 (1.88%) SNA
4 4 (1.50%) APPN
4 4 (1.50%) Firewall
4 4 (1.50%) FTP
4 4 (1.50%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
5 3 (1.13%) Internet
5 3 (1.13%) Skype
5 3 (1.13%) SNMP
6 2 (0.75%) HTTPS
6 2 (0.75%) Intranet
6 2 (0.75%) OSPF
6 2 (0.75%) SMS
6 2 (0.75%) SMTP
6 2 (0.75%) Telnet
7 1 (0.38%) Bluetooth
7 1 (0.38%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (10.90%) SQL Server
2 23 (8.65%) Big Data
3 20 (7.52%) Relational Database
4 19 (7.14%) NoSQL
5 17 (6.39%) MongoDB
6 8 (3.01%) PostgreSQL
7 7 (2.63%) BusinessObjects
7 7 (2.63%) MySQL
8 6 (2.26%) Spotfire
8 6 (2.26%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 5 (1.88%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.88%) Data Warehouse
9 5 (1.88%) Oracle Database
9 5 (1.88%) Oracle Reports
10 4 (1.50%) Azure SQL Database
10 4 (1.50%) DB2
10 4 (1.50%) Hadoop
10 4 (1.50%) SQL Server 2012
10 4 (1.50%) SQL Server 2014
11 3 (1.13%) HBase
Development Applications
1 22 (8.27%) Git (software)
2 10 (3.76%) Cucumber
2 10 (3.76%) Visual Studio
3 9 (3.38%) IntelliJ
3 9 (3.38%) Jenkins
4 8 (3.01%) JIRA
5 7 (2.63%) JUnit
5 7 (2.63%) Maven
6 6 (2.26%) Eclipse
6 6 (2.26%) gulp
7 5 (1.88%) Selenium
8 4 (1.50%) Gatling
8 4 (1.50%) Sublime Text
8 4 (1.50%) Team Foundation Server
9 3 (1.13%) Artifactory
9 3 (1.13%) Grunt
9 3 (1.13%) RStudio
9 3 (1.13%) Visual Studio Code
9 3 (1.13%) Visual Studio Team System
9 3 (1.13%) WebDriver
General
1 42 (15.79%) Finance
2 26 (9.77%) Banking
3 11 (4.14%) Pharmaceutical
4 6 (2.26%) Back Office
4 6 (2.26%) Games
5 4 (1.50%) Legal
6 3 (1.13%) Investment Banking
6 3 (1.13%) Manufacturing
6 3 (1.13%) Telecoms
7 2 (0.75%) Marketing
7 2 (0.75%) Publishing
8 1 (0.38%) Aerospace
8 1 (0.38%) Electronics
8 1 (0.38%) French Language
8 1 (0.38%) Front Office
8 1 (0.38%) General Ledger
8 1 (0.38%) Law
8 1 (0.38%) Local Government
8 1 (0.38%) Multimedia
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 55 (20.68%) .NET
2 33 (12.41%) HTML
3 30 (11.28%) Spring
4 27 (10.15%) AngularJS
5 25 (9.40%) WPF
6 23 (8.65%) CSS
7 21 (7.89%) Spring Boot
8 20 (7.52%) ASP.NET
9 17 (6.39%) HTML5
10 16 (6.02%) REST
11 14 (5.26%) jQuery
12 12 (4.51%) ASP.NET MVC
12 12 (4.51%) Node.js
12 12 (4.51%) XML
13 10 (3.76%) JSON
14 9 (3.38%) .NET Framework
15 8 (3.01%) Kafka
15 8 (3.01%) Vue.js
15 8 (3.01%) Web Services
16 7 (2.63%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 14 (5.26%) Mainframe
2 13 (4.89%) Analytical Skills
3 12 (4.51%) Computer Science
4 8 (3.01%) Greenfield Project
5 7 (2.63%) Derivative
6 5 (1.88%) FMCG
6 5 (1.88%) NHS
7 4 (1.50%) AS400
7 4 (1.50%) Hedge funds
7 4 (1.50%) iSeries
7 4 (1.50%) Self-Motivation
8 3 (1.13%) 3D Graphics
8 3 (1.13%) Data Structures
8 3 (1.13%) Fintech
8 3 (1.13%) IBM Mainframe
9 2 (0.75%) Credit Derivative
9 2 (0.75%) Life Science
9 2 (0.75%) PACS
9 2 (0.75%) Reinsurance
9 2 (0.75%) User Experience
Operating Systems
1 26 (9.77%) Unix
2 23 (8.65%) Linux
3 9 (3.38%) zOS
4 5 (1.88%) Mac OS
5 4 (1.50%) Android
5 4 (1.50%) Windows
6 2 (0.75%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.75%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.38%) Nucleus RTOS
7 1 (0.38%) OpenVMS
7 1 (0.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.38%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.38%) VxWorks
Processes & Methodologies
1 69 (25.94%) Agile Software Development
2 36 (13.53%) Software Engineering
3 31 (11.65%) Scrum
4 25 (9.40%) Problem-Solving
4 25 (9.40%) TDD
5 21 (7.89%) Continuous Integration
5 21 (7.89%) MVC
6 16 (6.02%) E-Commerce
7 15 (5.64%) Mathematics
8 14 (5.26%) Microservices
9 13 (4.89%) Analytics
9 13 (4.89%) Test Automation
10 12 (4.51%) DevOps
10 12 (4.51%) Project Management
10 12 (4.51%) SDLC
10 12 (4.51%) Validation
11 11 (4.14%) Visualisation
12 10 (3.76%) Asset Management
12 10 (3.76%) Data Visualisation
12 10 (3.76%) OO
Programming Languages
1 71 (26.69%) C#
2 65 (24.44%) Java
3 64 (24.06%) SQL
4 44 (16.54%) JavaScript
5 40 (15.04%) Python
6 19 (7.14%) C++
7 16 (6.02%) PHP
8 15 (5.64%) RPG
9 11 (4.14%) C
10 10 (3.76%) PL/SQL
10 10 (3.76%) Scala
11 8 (3.01%) Java 8
11 8 (3.01%) R
11 8 (3.01%) RPG IV
12 7 (2.63%) TypeScript
12 7 (2.63%) VBA
13 6 (2.26%) Perl
13 6 (2.26%) Ruby
14 5 (1.88%) COBOL
14 5 (1.88%) Groovy
Qualifications
1 14 (5.26%) Security Cleared
2 12 (4.51%) Degree
2 12 (4.51%) SC Cleared
3 2 (0.75%) Master's Degree
4 1 (0.38%) Computer Science Degree
4 1 (0.38%) CTC Cleared
4 1 (0.38%) HNC
4 1 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (2.26%) CDISC
1 6 (2.26%) QA
2 4 (1.50%) Data Quality
3 2 (0.75%) GCP
4 1 (0.38%) Dodd-Frank
4 1 (0.38%) EMIR
System Software
1 13 (4.89%) Docker
2 3 (1.13%) HDFS
3 2 (0.75%) ACF2
3 2 (0.75%) RACF
4 1 (0.38%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.38%) Apache Flume
4 1 (0.38%) Apache ZooKeeper
4 1 (0.38%) Time Sharing Option
4 1 (0.38%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (2.26%) Kubernetes
2 5 (1.88%) Grafana
2 5 (1.88%) Kibana
3 4 (1.50%) Graphite
4 3 (1.13%) Puppet
5 2 (0.75%) Ansible
6 1 (0.38%) Mesos
6 1 (0.38%) Nagios
6 1 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
6 1 (0.38%) Packer
6 1 (0.38%) Salt
6 1 (0.38%) StatsD
6 1 (0.38%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 21 (7.89%) Microsoft
2 16 (6.02%) Oracle
3 10 (3.76%) IBM
4 7 (2.63%) Tableau
5 6 (2.26%) Cognos
5 6 (2.26%) jBASE
5 6 (2.26%) Splunk
6 5 (1.88%) Google
6 5 (1.88%) SAP
6 5 (1.88%) Temenos
7 3 (1.13%) Adobe
7 3 (1.13%) CA
7 3 (1.13%) Cisco
7 3 (1.13%) Remedy
8 2 (0.75%) Borland
8 2 (0.75%) JD Edwards
8 2 (0.75%) MicroStrategy
8 2 (0.75%) Salesforce.com
8 2 (0.75%) Syncsort
8 2 (0.75%) Unisys