Period
to 17 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Wales
6 months to
17 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 13 12 10
Rank change year-on-year -1 -2 0
Contract jobs citing Java 148 107 161
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 10.05% 8.89% 13.92%
As % of the Programming Languages category 23.68% 23.06% 30.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 117 84 104
Wales median daily rate £425 £375 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +13.33% -6.25% +10.34%
10th Percentile £300 £216 £313
90th Percentile £575 £575 £521
UK median daily rate £500 £488 £450
% change year-on-year +2.56% +8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 5
Wales median hourly rate - - £42.29
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £41.33 £36.00
% change year-on-year +4.05% +14.79% -10.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 625 464 534
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 42.43% 38.57% 46.15%
Number of daily rates quoted 487 345 345
Wales median daily rate £410 £375 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.33% - +7.14%
10th Percentile £300 £227 £210
90th Percentile £565 £520 £513
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +2.78% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 4 18 21
Wales median hourly rate £18.87 £35.75 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -47.22% +78.75% +14.29%
UK median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% +7.14%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Wales over the 6 months to 17 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Wales region over the 6 months to 17 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -1 129 £431 +15.00% 42
West Wales -3 7 £475 - 3
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 17 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Java.

1 73 (49.32%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (32.43%) Test Automation
3 43 (29.05%) DevOps
4 42 (28.38%) Jenkins
5 41 (27.70%) Git (software)
6 40 (27.03%) Spring
6 40 (27.03%) Python
7 38 (25.68%) Microservices
8 35 (23.65%) Continuous Integration
9 34 (22.97%) SOAP
10 32 (21.62%) Oracle
11 30 (20.27%) Docker
12 28 (18.92%) HTML
12 28 (18.92%) Maven
12 28 (18.92%) Microsoft Azure
13 27 (18.24%) Web Services
13 27 (18.24%) Spring Boot
14 26 (17.57%) SQL
14 26 (17.57%) SQL Server
15 25 (16.89%) JavaScript
15 25 (16.89%) JIRA
16 24 (16.22%) Linux
16 24 (16.22%) Continuous Delivery
17 23 (15.54%) Security Cleared
17 23 (15.54%) REST
18 22 (14.86%) SC Cleared
18 22 (14.86%) Selenium
18 22 (14.86%) JBoss
18 22 (14.86%) J2EE
18 22 (14.86%) Ansible

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 22 (14.86%) JBoss
2 20 (13.51%) Apache
2 20 (13.51%) Confluence
3 7 (4.73%) Mule
3 7 (4.73%) WebSphere
4 6 (4.05%) Tomcat
4 6 (4.05%) WebSphere Application Server
5 4 (2.70%) SAS
5 4 (2.70%) WebLogic
5 4 (2.70%) WildFly
6 3 (2.03%) Anypoint
6 3 (2.03%) Apache Spark
6 3 (2.03%) Cloud Foundry
7 2 (1.35%) Apache ServiceMix
7 2 (1.35%) Gunicorn
7 2 (1.35%) Mule ESB
8 1 (0.68%) Apache Pig
8 1 (0.68%) Elasticsearch
8 1 (0.68%) IIS
8 1 (0.68%) nginx
Applications
1 2 (1.35%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (1.35%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 1 (0.68%) Staffware
Cloud Services
1 28 (18.92%) Microsoft Azure
2 18 (12.16%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (3.38%) OpenShift
4 4 (2.70%) GitHub
4 4 (2.70%) npm
4 4 (2.70%) PaaS
5 2 (1.35%) IaaS
5 2 (1.35%) Slack
5 2 (1.35%) Trello
6 1 (0.68%) AWS CodePipeline
6 1 (0.68%) Boomi
6 1 (0.68%) NuGet
6 1 (0.68%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 18 (12.16%) HTTP
2 15 (10.14%) DNS
2 15 (10.14%) TCP/IP
3 6 (4.05%) VPN
4 5 (3.38%) Internet
5 4 (2.70%) Intranet
6 3 (2.03%) Extranet
7 2 (1.35%) AMQP
8 1 (0.68%) DSL
8 1 (0.68%) Firewall
8 1 (0.68%) Network Security
8 1 (0.68%) SSH
8 1 (0.68%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 26 (17.57%) SQL Server
2 12 (8.11%) Oracle Database
3 11 (7.43%) PostgreSQL
4 10 (6.76%) RDBMS
4 10 (6.76%) Relational Database
5 6 (4.05%) Big Data
5 6 (4.05%) Hadoop
6 5 (3.38%) Apache Hive
6 5 (3.38%) MySQL
7 3 (2.03%) Data Warehouse
7 3 (2.03%) Oracle Database 12c
8 2 (1.35%) Amazon Aurora
8 2 (1.35%) MongoDB
8 2 (1.35%) Oracle Exadata
9 1 (0.68%) HBase
9 1 (0.68%) NoSQL
9 1 (0.68%) Oracle BI Publisher
9 1 (0.68%) Oracle Database 10g
9 1 (0.68%) Oracle Database 11g
9 1 (0.68%) SAS Enterprise Guide
Development Applications
1 42 (28.38%) Jenkins
2 41 (27.70%) Git (software)
3 28 (18.92%) Maven
4 25 (16.89%) JIRA
5 22 (14.86%) Selenium
6 15 (10.14%) Cucumber
7 12 (8.11%) Artifactory
8 10 (6.76%) JUnit
9 9 (6.08%) SoapUI
9 9 (6.08%) SonarQube
9 9 (6.08%) Sonatype Nexus
10 8 (5.41%) Ant
10 8 (5.41%) Subversion
11 6 (4.05%) Hudson
12 5 (3.38%) Bitbucket
12 5 (3.38%) Team Foundation Server
12 5 (3.38%) WebDriver
13 4 (2.70%) Gradle
13 4 (2.70%) Visual Studio Team System
14 3 (2.03%) TestNG
General
1 18 (12.16%) Finance
2 9 (6.08%) Marketing
3 8 (5.41%) Banking
4 2 (1.35%) Back Office
4 2 (1.35%) Electronics
4 2 (1.35%) Manufacturing
4 2 (1.35%) Telecoms
5 1 (0.68%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.68%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 70 (47.30%) Developer
2 56 (37.84%) Java Developer
3 14 (9.46%) Test Engineer
4 13 (8.78%) Software Engineer
5 12 (8.11%) DevOps Engineer
5 12 (8.11%) Systems Administrator
6 11 (7.43%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 8 (5.41%) Java Engineer
7 8 (5.41%) SC Cleared Java Developer
8 7 (4.73%) Administrator
8 7 (4.73%) Oracle Developer
8 7 (4.73%) Software Test Engineer
9 6 (4.05%) Analyst
9 6 (4.05%) Java Software Engineer
9 6 (4.05%) Linux Administrator
9 6 (4.05%) Senior Developer
9 6 (4.05%) Tester
10 5 (3.38%) Agile Java Developer
10 5 (3.38%) Senior Java Developer
10 5 (3.38%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 40 (27.03%) Spring
2 34 (22.97%) SOAP
3 28 (18.92%) HTML
4 27 (18.24%) Spring Boot
4 27 (18.24%) Web Services
5 23 (15.54%) REST
6 22 (14.86%) J2EE
7 20 (13.51%) Hibernate
8 17 (11.49%) CSS
8 17 (11.49%) Middleware
9 16 (10.81%) AngularJS
10 14 (9.46%) RESTful
11 11 (7.43%) Node.js
12 8 (5.41%) JSF
12 8 (5.41%) JSON
12 8 (5.41%) XML
13 7 (4.73%) JMS
14 6 (4.05%) .NET
15 5 (3.38%) Dropwizard
15 5 (3.38%) YAML
Miscellaneous
1 4 (2.70%) Greenfield Project
1 4 (2.70%) Self-Motivation
2 3 (2.03%) Analytical Skills
2 3 (2.03%) Cloud Native
2 3 (2.03%) Enterprise Software
2 3 (2.03%) Linux Command Line
3 2 (1.35%) Mobile App
3 2 (1.35%) Oracle Exalogic
3 2 (1.35%) User Experience
3 2 (1.35%) Virtual Team
4 1 (0.68%) Cyberattack
4 1 (0.68%) Fintech
Operating Systems
1 24 (16.22%) Linux
2 14 (9.46%) Unix
3 13 (8.78%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 3 (2.03%) AIX
5 2 (1.35%) Solaris
6 1 (0.68%) Android
6 1 (0.68%) CentOS
6 1 (0.68%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 73 (49.32%) Agile Software Development
2 48 (32.43%) Test Automation
3 43 (29.05%) DevOps
4 38 (25.68%) Microservices
5 35 (23.65%) Continuous Integration
6 24 (16.22%) Continuous Delivery
7 18 (12.16%) Scrum
8 17 (11.49%) Software Engineering
9 15 (10.14%) BDD
9 15 (10.14%) TDD
10 12 (8.11%) Load Balancing
10 12 (8.11%) Performance Testing
11 11 (7.43%) Mentoring
12 10 (6.76%) OO
12 10 (6.76%) OOD
12 10 (6.76%) Unit Testing
13 9 (6.08%) SDLC
14 8 (5.41%) Project Management
15 6 (4.05%) ETL
15 6 (4.05%) Migration
Programming Languages
1 40 (27.03%) Python
2 26 (17.57%) SQL
3 25 (16.89%) JavaScript
4 19 (12.84%) C#
5 17 (11.49%) Groovy
6 14 (9.46%) Java 8
7 13 (8.78%) PHP
8 10 (6.76%) Scala
9 8 (5.41%) Perl
10 7 (4.73%) PL/SQL
10 7 (4.73%) PowerShell
10 7 (4.73%) Shell Script
11 6 (4.05%) R
11 6 (4.05%) Ruby
12 4 (2.70%) Bash Shell
13 3 (2.03%) C++
13 3 (2.03%) Java 9
14 2 (1.35%) C
15 1 (0.68%) C-shell
15 1 (0.68%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 23 (15.54%) Security Cleared
2 22 (14.86%) SC Cleared
3 7 (4.73%) ISTQB
4 4 (2.70%) DBS Check
5 2 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.68%) AWS Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (7.43%) QA
2 1 (0.68%) Disclosure Scotland
2 1 (0.68%) Solvency II
System Software
1 30 (20.27%) Docker
2 1 (0.68%) iptables
2 1 (0.68%) NFS
2 1 (0.68%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 22 (14.86%) Ansible
2 14 (9.46%) Opscode Chef
3 11 (7.43%) Kubernetes
4 6 (4.05%) Puppet
5 5 (3.38%) Terraform
6 2 (1.35%) Rundeck
7 1 (0.68%) Oozie
7 1 (0.68%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 32 (21.62%) Oracle
2 14 (9.46%) Red Hat
3 12 (8.11%) Microsoft
4 5 (3.38%) AppDynamics
4 5 (3.38%) Atlassian
4 5 (3.38%) Cloudera
4 5 (3.38%) MuleSoft
5 2 (1.35%) Hortonworks
5 2 (1.35%) IBM
5 2 (1.35%) SAP
5 2 (1.35%) TIBCO
6 1 (0.68%) Dell
6 1 (0.68%) Jitterbit
6 1 (0.68%) Remedy
6 1 (0.68%) SnapLogic