Period
to 20 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 20 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
UK > Wales
6 months to
20 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 7 9 5
Rank change year-on-year +2 -4 +5
Contract jobs citing Java 249 147 255
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 14.68% 12.38% 18.20%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.42% 32.03% 43.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 175 101 164
Wales median daily rate £441 £450 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.11% -5.26% +26.67%
10th Percentile £363 £300 £325
90th Percentile £613 £588 £575
UK median daily rate £510 £500 £460
% change year-on-year +2.00% +8.70% +2.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 0 0
Wales median hourly rate £35.00 - -
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £40.00 £39.00
% change year-on-year +11.25% +2.56% -2.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 745 459 593
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 43.93% 38.67% 42.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 543 305 399
Wales median daily rate £415 £375 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +10.67% -9.09% +17.86%
10th Percentile £313 £252 £263
90th Percentile £575 £538 £575
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 8 15
Wales median hourly rate £23.25 £18.75 £55.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +23.97% -65.91% +168.29%
10th Percentile £12.75 £14.29 £17.83
90th Percentile £38.13 £39.20 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £41.53 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.83% +6.67% -

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Wales over the 6 months to 20 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Wales

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Wales

Java
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Wales region over the 6 months to 20 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +6 178 £425 +1.49% 46
West Wales 0 60 £500 -4.76% 5
North Wales -6 2 £381 +1.67% 6
Java
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Java.

1 126 (50.60%) Agile Software Development
2 83 (33.33%) SQL
3 72 (28.92%) Jenkins
4 65 (26.10%) Git (software)
5 61 (24.50%) Spring
6 58 (23.29%) Maven
7 54 (21.69%) Docker
8 52 (20.88%) Amazon AWS
9 50 (20.08%) Python
10 48 (19.28%) SOAP
10 48 (19.28%) XML
11 47 (18.88%) JavaScript
11 47 (18.88%) Test Automation
12 46 (18.47%) DevOps
13 45 (18.07%) Spring Boot
13 45 (18.07%) JIRA
13 45 (18.07%) HTML
14 44 (17.67%) Oracle
14 44 (17.67%) Ansible
15 43 (17.27%) Microservices
16 41 (16.47%) Confluence
16 41 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
17 40 (16.06%) Scrum
18 39 (15.66%) Security Cleared
18 39 (15.66%) REST
19 37 (14.86%) Java 8
19 37 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
19 37 (14.86%) WSDL
20 35 (14.06%) Linux
20 35 (14.06%) J2EE

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (16.47%) Confluence
2 34 (13.65%) JBoss
3 31 (12.45%) WebLogic
4 17 (6.83%) WebSphere
5 16 (6.43%) Apache
6 10 (4.02%) WebSphere Application Server
7 9 (3.61%) Tomcat
8 4 (1.61%) ArcGIS
8 4 (1.61%) Mule
9 3 (1.20%) Apache Spark
9 3 (1.20%) Cloud Foundry
9 3 (1.20%) MQSeries
9 3 (1.20%) nginx
10 2 (0.80%) Anypoint
10 2 (0.80%) Apache ServiceMix
10 2 (0.80%) Elasticsearch
10 2 (0.80%) Gunicorn
10 2 (0.80%) Mule ESB
10 2 (0.80%) OpenStack
10 2 (0.80%) SAS
Applications
1 2 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
1 2 (0.80%) MS Visio
2 1 (0.40%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 2 (0.80%) IBM Operational Decision Manager
Cloud Services
1 52 (20.88%) Amazon AWS
2 37 (14.86%) Microsoft Azure
3 11 (4.42%) GitHub
4 6 (2.41%) PaaS
5 5 (2.01%) IaaS
5 5 (2.01%) OpenShift
6 4 (1.61%) npm
6 4 (1.61%) Serverless
7 3 (1.20%) Slack
7 3 (1.20%) Trello
8 2 (0.80%) Google Cloud Platform
8 2 (0.80%) NuGet
9 1 (0.40%) AWS CodePipeline
9 1 (0.40%) Azure Active Directory
9 1 (0.40%) Boomi
9 1 (0.40%) Google Analytics
9 1 (0.40%) Office 365
Communications & Networking
1 27 (10.84%) HTTP
2 15 (6.02%) DNS
2 15 (6.02%) TCP/IP
3 11 (4.42%) VPN
4 8 (3.21%) Extranet
4 8 (3.21%) Intranet
5 4 (1.61%) Bluetooth
5 4 (1.61%) Internet
6 3 (1.20%) AMQP
7 2 (0.80%) SSH
7 2 (0.80%) tcpdump
8 1 (0.40%) DSL
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (14.06%) MongoDB
2 31 (12.45%) PostgreSQL
3 19 (7.63%) SQL Server
4 10 (4.02%) Relational Database
5 9 (3.61%) Data Warehouse
5 9 (3.61%) Hadoop
6 8 (3.21%) Event Store
7 7 (2.81%) Big Data
8 6 (2.41%) Apache Hive
9 5 (2.01%) Redis
10 4 (1.61%) GIS
10 4 (1.61%) MySQL
11 3 (1.20%) Amazon DynamoDB
11 3 (1.20%) NoSQL
11 3 (1.20%) Oracle Database
11 3 (1.20%) SQL Server 2012
12 2 (0.80%) Amazon Aurora
12 2 (0.80%) Oracle Database 12c
13 1 (0.40%) Apache Cassandra
13 1 (0.40%) Cosmos DB
Development Applications
1 72 (28.92%) Jenkins
2 65 (26.10%) Git (software)
3 58 (23.29%) Maven
4 45 (18.07%) JIRA
5 28 (11.24%) WebLogic Workshop
6 26 (10.44%) JUnit
7 25 (10.04%) Selenium
8 24 (9.64%) SoapUI
9 19 (7.63%) Cucumber
10 17 (6.83%) Ant
10 17 (6.83%) Sonatype Nexus
11 15 (6.02%) Artifactory
12 13 (5.22%) Subversion
13 12 (4.82%) WebDriver
14 11 (4.42%) SonarQube
15 10 (4.02%) Gradle
16 9 (3.61%) Spinnaker
16 9 (3.61%) TestNG
17 5 (2.01%) Bitbucket
17 5 (2.01%) Eclipse
General
1 23 (9.24%) Finance
2 9 (3.61%) Banking
2 9 (3.61%) Telecoms
3 6 (2.41%) Marketing
4 4 (1.61%) Legal
5 1 (0.40%) Back Office
5 1 (0.40%) Electronics
5 1 (0.40%) Games
5 1 (0.40%) Investment Banking
5 1 (0.40%) Law
5 1 (0.40%) Manufacturing
Job Titles
1 144 (57.83%) Developer
2 89 (35.74%) Java Developer
3 21 (8.43%) Test Engineer
4 17 (6.83%) DevOps Engineer
4 17 (6.83%) Test Automation Engineer
5 13 (5.22%) Analyst
6 12 (4.82%) SC Cleared Java Developer
7 11 (4.42%) Architect
7 11 (4.42%) Linux Systems Administrator
7 11 (4.42%) Software Developer
7 11 (4.42%) Systems Administrator
8 10 (4.02%) Cloud Developer
8 10 (4.02%) MuleSoft Developer
9 9 (3.61%) Build Engineer
10 8 (3.21%) Business Analyst
10 8 (3.21%) Deployment Engineer
11 7 (2.81%) Administrator
11 7 (2.81%) Android Developer
11 7 (2.81%) Linux Administrator
12 6 (2.41%) Consultant
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 61 (24.50%) Spring
2 48 (19.28%) SOAP
2 48 (19.28%) XML
3 45 (18.07%) HTML
3 45 (18.07%) Spring Boot
4 39 (15.66%) REST
5 37 (14.86%) WSDL
6 35 (14.06%) EJB
6 35 (14.06%) J2EE
7 33 (13.25%) JSP
7 33 (13.25%) Web Services
8 32 (12.85%) JDBC
9 31 (12.45%) Dropwizard
10 30 (12.05%) AngularJS
11 29 (11.65%) Struts
12 27 (10.84%) Hibernate
12 27 (10.84%) Play Framework
13 22 (8.84%) Middleware
14 20 (8.03%) CSS
15 17 (6.83%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 11 (4.42%) Greenfield Project
2 8 (3.21%) Digital Media
3 6 (2.41%) Analytical Skills
3 6 (2.41%) Mobile App
4 4 (1.61%) Driving Licence
4 4 (1.61%) Enterprise Software
5 3 (1.20%) Cloud Native
6 2 (0.80%) Reference Data
6 2 (0.80%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (0.80%) User Experience
6 2 (0.80%) Virtual Team
7 1 (0.40%) Augmented Reality
7 1 (0.40%) Cyberattack
7 1 (0.40%) DTCC
7 1 (0.40%) Fintech
7 1 (0.40%) iPad
7 1 (0.40%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (0.40%) Management Information System
7 1 (0.40%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 35 (14.06%) Linux
2 23 (9.24%) Unix
3 13 (5.22%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 8 (3.21%) Android
5 2 (0.80%) Apple iOS
6 1 (0.40%) AIX
6 1 (0.40%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 126 (50.60%) Agile Software Development
2 47 (18.88%) Test Automation
3 46 (18.47%) DevOps
4 43 (17.27%) Microservices
5 41 (16.47%) Continuous Integration
6 40 (16.06%) Scrum
7 23 (9.24%) Continuous Delivery
8 21 (8.43%) TDD
9 17 (6.83%) BDD
9 17 (6.83%) Unit Testing
10 16 (6.43%) API Testing
10 16 (6.43%) SDLC
11 15 (6.02%) ETL
11 15 (6.02%) Open Source
12 13 (5.22%) Business Intelligence
12 13 (5.22%) Software Engineering
13 12 (4.82%) Performance Testing
14 11 (4.42%) Configuration Management
14 11 (4.42%) Load Balancing
14 11 (4.42%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 83 (33.33%) SQL
2 50 (20.08%) Python
3 47 (18.88%) JavaScript
4 37 (14.86%) Java 8
5 28 (11.24%) Groovy
6 26 (10.44%) Scala
7 18 (7.23%) Ruby
8 9 (3.61%) C#
9 8 (3.21%) Bash Shell
9 8 (3.21%) Perl
10 7 (2.81%) Shell Script
11 6 (2.41%) R
12 5 (2.01%) PowerShell
13 4 (1.61%) PHP
13 4 (1.61%) PL/SQL
14 3 (1.20%) Java 9
15 2 (0.80%) Apple Swift
15 2 (0.80%) C
15 2 (0.80%) C++
15 2 (0.80%) Go
Qualifications
1 39 (15.66%) Security Cleared
2 34 (13.65%) SC Cleared
3 9 (3.61%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (1.20%) DBS Check
5 2 (0.80%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.40%) Degree
6 1 (0.40%) DV Cleared
6 1 (0.40%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 13 (5.22%) QA
2 3 (1.20%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 54 (21.69%) Docker
2 6 (2.41%) Postfix
3 2 (0.80%) iptables
3 2 (0.80%) NFS
4 1 (0.40%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.40%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 44 (17.67%) Ansible
2 23 (9.24%) Kubernetes
3 20 (8.03%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (5.22%) Rundeck
5 8 (3.21%) Puppet
6 6 (2.41%) Terraform
7 1 (0.40%) Automic
7 1 (0.40%) logstash
7 1 (0.40%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 44 (17.67%) Oracle
2 13 (5.22%) Red Hat
3 10 (4.02%) MuleSoft
4 9 (3.61%) IBM
5 7 (2.81%) Cloudera
6 6 (2.41%) Microsoft
7 5 (2.01%) AppDynamics
7 5 (2.01%) Atlassian
7 5 (2.01%) SAP
8 4 (1.61%) ESRI
9 3 (1.20%) Hortonworks
10 2 (0.80%) Micro Focus
10 2 (0.80%) Remedy
10 2 (0.80%) Talend
11 1 (0.40%) Dell
11 1 (0.40%) Google
11 1 (0.40%) Guidewire
11 1 (0.40%) PlateSpin
11 1 (0.40%) SnapLogic
11 1 (0.40%) TIBCO