Period
to 19 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 19 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
19 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 36 36 23
Rank change year-on-year 0 -13 -8
Contract jobs citing Linux 85 58 71
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 5.51% 4.98% 6.21%
As % of the Operating Systems category 28.81% 24.17% 24.32%
Number of daily rates quoted 54 47 46
Wales median daily rate £438 £401 £419
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.24% -4.36% +11.67%
10th Percentile £313 £175 £319
90th Percentile £644 £493 £579
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 0
Wales median hourly rate - £10.00 -
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 295 240 292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 19.11% 20.62% 25.55%
Number of daily rates quoted 178 159 145
Wales median daily rate £375 £335 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.94% -10.67% +2.74%
10th Percentile £168 £136 £136
90th Percentile £538 £475 £504
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 34 50
Wales median hourly rate £12.33 £13.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.19% +4.00% +1.21%
10th Percentile £10.16 £10.50 £9.99
90th Percentile £23.90 £23.58 £17.53
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% +1.23%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 19 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 19 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +3 78 £425 +13.33% 41
West Wales +7 4 £513 +7.89% 3
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 19 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 38 (44.71%) DevOps
2 34 (40.00%) SC Cleared
2 34 (40.00%) Security Cleared
3 32 (37.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 31 (36.47%) TCP/IP
5 30 (35.29%) Red Hat
6 28 (32.94%) Microsoft
7 27 (31.76%) Agile Software Development
8 25 (29.41%) Git (software)
9 23 (27.06%) Ansible
10 22 (25.88%) Java
11 21 (24.71%) Windows
11 21 (24.71%) Jenkins
12 20 (23.53%) Unix
12 20 (23.53%) SQL
13 19 (22.35%) DNS
14 17 (20.00%) Middleware
14 17 (20.00%) Amazon AWS
15 16 (18.82%) Software Engineering
16 15 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
16 15 (17.65%) Active Directory
16 15 (17.65%) Python
17 14 (16.47%) C
17 14 (16.47%) Configuration Management
17 14 (16.47%) Maven
17 14 (16.47%) Load Balancing
18 13 (15.29%) Puppet
18 13 (15.29%) Firewall
18 13 (15.29%) SQL Server
18 13 (15.29%) JBoss

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (15.29%) Apache
1 13 (15.29%) JBoss
2 7 (8.24%) SharePoint
3 6 (7.06%) Confluence
3 6 (7.06%) WebLogic
4 4 (4.71%) Oracle Service Bus
4 4 (4.71%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 3 (3.53%) Exchange Server 2013
5 3 (3.53%) IIS
5 3 (3.53%) MS Exchange
5 3 (3.53%) WebLogic Portal
6 2 (2.35%) Cloud Foundry
6 2 (2.35%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (1.18%) Apache Spark
7 1 (1.18%) Mule
7 1 (1.18%) SAS
7 1 (1.18%) Tomcat
7 1 (1.18%) WildFly
Applications
1 5 (5.88%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (1.18%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (4.71%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 17 (20.00%) Amazon AWS
2 15 (17.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (7.06%) Google Cloud Platform
4 5 (5.88%) IaaS
4 5 (5.88%) PaaS
5 4 (4.71%) GitHub
6 3 (3.53%) NuGet
7 2 (2.35%) Heroku
7 2 (2.35%) Serverless
8 1 (1.18%) AWS CloudFormation
8 1 (1.18%) Cloud Computing
8 1 (1.18%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 31 (36.47%) TCP/IP
2 19 (22.35%) DNS
3 13 (15.29%) Firewall
4 12 (14.12%) HTTP
5 11 (12.94%) SNMP
5 11 (12.94%) VoIP
6 7 (8.24%) DMZ
7 6 (7.06%) VPN
8 5 (5.88%) tcpdump
9 4 (4.71%) Network Security
9 4 (4.71%) OpenVPN
9 4 (4.71%) SSH
9 4 (4.71%) VLAN
10 3 (3.53%) IPsec
10 3 (3.53%) VSAN
11 1 (1.18%) Internet
11 1 (1.18%) LAN
11 1 (1.18%) NAS
11 1 (1.18%) SAN
11 1 (1.18%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 13 (15.29%) SQL Server
2 5 (5.88%) Big Data
3 4 (4.71%) Amazon Redshift
3 4 (4.71%) Apache Hive
3 4 (4.71%) Hadoop
3 4 (4.71%) SQL Server 2008
4 3 (3.53%) SQL Server 2012
5 2 (2.35%) MySQL
6 1 (1.18%) Apache Cassandra
6 1 (1.18%) Oracle Database
6 1 (1.18%) Oracle Database 10g
6 1 (1.18%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (1.18%) Oracle Database 12c
6 1 (1.18%) RDBMS
6 1 (1.18%) Relational Database
6 1 (1.18%) SAS Data Integration Studio
6 1 (1.18%) SAS Enterprise Guide
6 1 (1.18%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 25 (29.41%) Git (software)
2 21 (24.71%) Jenkins
3 14 (16.47%) Maven
4 12 (14.12%) Sonatype Nexus
5 11 (12.94%) JIRA
6 10 (11.76%) Eclipse
6 10 (11.76%) GCC
7 5 (5.88%) Artifactory
7 5 (5.88%) Team Foundation Server
8 4 (4.71%) Ant
8 4 (4.71%) Rational Rhapsody
8 4 (4.71%) SoapUI
9 3 (3.53%) Hudson
9 3 (3.53%) Subversion
9 3 (3.53%) Vagrant
10 2 (2.35%) ClearCase
10 2 (2.35%) ClearQuest
10 2 (2.35%) Visual Studio
11 1 (1.18%) Oracle APEX
11 1 (1.18%) Selenium
General
1 7 (8.24%) Finance
2 2 (2.35%) Banking
2 2 (2.35%) Marketing
3 1 (1.18%) Back Office
3 1 (1.18%) Electronics
3 1 (1.18%) Manufacturing
3 1 (1.18%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 16 (18.82%) DevOps Engineer
2 13 (15.29%) Software Engineer
3 11 (12.94%) Linux Systems Administrator
3 11 (12.94%) Systems Administrator
4 10 (11.76%) Architect
5 8 (9.41%) Security Architect
6 7 (8.24%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 7 (8.24%) Linux Engineer
6 7 (8.24%) Linux/Unix DevOps
7 6 (7.06%) Administrator
7 6 (7.06%) Analyst
7 6 (7.06%) Linux Administrator
8 5 (5.88%) Cloud Engineer
8 5 (5.88%) Developer
8 5 (5.88%) Embedded Engineer
8 5 (5.88%) Embedded Software Engineer
8 5 (5.88%) Systems Engineer
8 5 (5.88%) Unix Linux Systems Administrator
8 5 (5.88%) Unix Systems Administrator
8 5 (5.88%) Voice Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 17 (20.00%) Middleware
2 12 (14.12%) J2EE
3 6 (7.06%) Elastic Stack
3 6 (7.06%) POSIX
3 6 (7.06%) XML
4 5 (5.88%) Oracle Fusion
4 5 (5.88%) SOAP
5 3 (3.53%) LDAP
5 3 (3.53%) OAuth
5 3 (3.53%) WebCenter
6 2 (2.35%) Apache Axis
6 2 (2.35%) JSON
6 2 (2.35%) Stripes Framework
7 1 (1.18%) Apache FOP
7 1 (1.18%) CSS
7 1 (1.18%) jQuery
7 1 (1.18%) OpenID
7 1 (1.18%) RESTful
7 1 (1.18%) VCL
7 1 (1.18%) WSDL
Miscellaneous
1 13 (15.29%) Self-Motivation
2 10 (11.76%) Management Information System
3 6 (7.06%) CESG
4 5 (5.88%) Cloud Native
4 5 (5.88%) PKI
5 4 (4.71%) Analytical Skills
5 4 (4.71%) N-Tier
6 1 (1.18%) Cyberattack
6 1 (1.18%) Fintech
6 1 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
6 1 (1.18%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 32 (37.65%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 21 (24.71%) Windows
3 20 (23.53%) Unix
4 11 (12.94%) Windows Server
5 5 (5.88%) Ubuntu
5 5 (5.88%) Windows Server 2012
6 1 (1.18%) AIX
6 1 (1.18%) CentOS
6 1 (1.18%) Debian
6 1 (1.18%) Windows Server 2003
6 1 (1.18%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 38 (44.71%) DevOps
2 27 (31.76%) Agile Software Development
3 16 (18.82%) Software Engineering
4 14 (16.47%) Configuration Management
4 14 (16.47%) Load Balancing
5 12 (14.12%) Continuous Integration
6 10 (11.76%) Requirements Management
7 8 (9.41%) Infrastructure Engineering
7 8 (9.41%) Scrum
8 7 (8.24%) ITIL
8 7 (8.24%) Mentoring
9 6 (7.06%) Cryptography
9 6 (7.06%) Cybersecurity
9 6 (7.06%) ITIL V3
9 6 (7.06%) JVM Tuning
9 6 (7.06%) Performance Tuning
9 6 (7.06%) Risk Management
9 6 (7.06%) Security Architecture
9 6 (7.06%) TOGAF
9 6 (7.06%) Waterfall
Programming Languages
1 22 (25.88%) Java
2 20 (23.53%) SQL
3 15 (17.65%) Python
4 14 (16.47%) C
5 11 (12.94%) Bash Shell
5 11 (12.94%) Perl
6 8 (9.41%) Shell Script
7 6 (7.06%) Ruby
8 3 (3.53%) PowerShell
9 2 (2.35%) C++
9 2 (2.35%) JavaScript
9 2 (2.35%) R
10 1 (1.18%) C#
10 1 (1.18%) Embedded C
10 1 (1.18%) PL/SQL
10 1 (1.18%) Scala
Qualifications
1 34 (40.00%) SC Cleared
1 34 (40.00%) Security Cleared
2 6 (7.06%) Degree
3 4 (4.71%) CESG Certified Professional
3 4 (4.71%) HND
3 4 (4.71%) MCSE
3 4 (4.71%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (1.18%) AWS Certification
4 1 (1.18%) CEH
4 1 (1.18%) CREST Certified
4 1 (1.18%) HNC
4 1 (1.18%) ISTQB
4 1 (1.18%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
4 1 (1.18%) MCITP
4 1 (1.18%) OSCP
4 1 (1.18%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 7 (8.24%) QA
2 3 (3.53%) GCP
2 3 (3.53%) SLA
System Software
1 15 (17.65%) Active Directory
2 12 (14.12%) Docker
3 5 (5.88%) iptables
4 4 (4.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 4 (4.71%) vSphere
5 3 (3.53%) NFS
5 3 (3.53%) VMware Workstation
6 1 (1.18%) etcd
6 1 (1.18%) flannel
6 1 (1.18%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
6 1 (1.18%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (1.18%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 23 (27.06%) Ansible
2 13 (15.29%) Puppet
3 11 (12.94%) Kubernetes
4 7 (8.24%) Terraform
5 6 (7.06%) Opscode Chef
6 4 (4.71%) PTC Integrity
6 4 (4.71%) SCCM
7 3 (3.53%) Backup Exec
7 3 (3.53%) McAfee ePO
7 3 (3.53%) NetBackup
7 3 (3.53%) Norton AntiVirus
7 3 (3.53%) SCOM
7 3 (3.53%) vCenter Server
7 3 (3.53%) WSUS
8 2 (2.35%) Kibana
8 2 (2.35%) logstash
8 2 (2.35%) Nagios
8 2 (2.35%) Rundeck
9 1 (1.18%) Nmap
9 1 (1.18%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 30 (35.29%) Red Hat
2 28 (32.94%) Microsoft
3 11 (12.94%) Oracle
4 6 (7.06%) IBM
5 5 (5.88%) Google
5 5 (5.88%) VMware
6 4 (4.71%) PTC
6 4 (4.71%) Remedy
7 3 (3.53%) Cloudera
7 3 (3.53%) McAfee
7 3 (3.53%) Symantec
8 2 (2.35%) Atlassian
8 2 (2.35%) Hortonworks
8 2 (2.35%) New Relic
8 2 (2.35%) Sonatype
8 2 (2.35%) Splunk
9 1 (1.18%) Qualys
9 1 (1.18%) SAP
9 1 (1.18%) Veeam