Period
to 20 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 20 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
20 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 24 15 21
Rank change year-on-year -9 +6 +9
Contract jobs citing Linux 83 134 146
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 7.00% 9.56% 8.81%
As % of the Operating Systems category 30.07% 39.07% 43.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 61 97 119
Wales median daily rate £435 £475 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.42% +26.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £200 £325 £275
90th Percentile £525 £625 £488
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 1
Wales median hourly rate - - £30.00
UK median hourly rate £40.65 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +1.63% +6.67% +10.29%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 276 343 334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 23.27% 24.48% 20.16%
Number of daily rates quoted 170 195 240
Wales median daily rate £325 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -18.75% +14.29% +6.79%
10th Percentile £130 £157 £263
90th Percentile £481 £575 £475
UK median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 31 47 39
Wales median hourly rate £14.00 £12.50 £11.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +12.00% +7.76% -12.45%
10th Percentile £10.25 £10.15 £9.00
90th Percentile £20.00 £37.40 £22.00
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £16.29 £16.50
% change year-on-year +7.43% -1.27% +4.90%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 20 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 20 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -7 58 £400 -5.88% 6
West Wales -9 16 £450 -14.29% 3
North Wales -4 4 £438 +16.67% 2
Mid Wales +2 1 £401 -
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 20 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 37 (44.58%) Security Cleared
2 36 (43.37%) SC Cleared
3 33 (39.76%) Amazon AWS
4 31 (37.35%) Ansible
4 31 (37.35%) Web Services
5 27 (32.53%) Terraform
6 26 (31.33%) AWS CloudFormation
7 22 (26.51%) DevOps
8 21 (25.30%) Java
9 20 (24.10%) Unix
10 18 (21.69%) Windows
11 17 (20.48%) Oracle
12 16 (19.28%) SQL
13 15 (18.07%) Relational Database
13 15 (18.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 15 (18.07%) Perl
13 15 (18.07%) Red Hat
14 14 (16.87%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 13 (15.66%) Oracle Database
15 13 (15.66%) Spring
15 13 (15.66%) Configuration Management
16 12 (14.46%) Mac OS X
17 11 (13.25%) HTTP
17 11 (13.25%) Go
17 11 (13.25%) Jenkins
17 11 (13.25%) Kafka
17 11 (13.25%) Microservices
17 11 (13.25%) MongoDB
18 10 (12.05%) Analytical Skills
18 10 (12.05%) Cucumber

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 6 (7.23%) Elasticsearch
2 4 (4.82%) Tomcat
3 3 (3.61%) Apache
3 3 (3.61%) Apache Solr
3 3 (3.61%) WebLogic
4 2 (2.41%) Cloud Foundry
4 2 (2.41%) Confluence
5 1 (1.20%) Apache Spark
5 1 (1.20%) PowerExchange
5 1 (1.20%) SAS
Cloud Services
1 33 (39.76%) Amazon AWS
2 26 (31.33%) AWS CloudFormation
3 4 (4.82%) Microsoft Azure
4 3 (3.61%) Amazon EC2
4 3 (3.61%) Amazon S3
5 2 (2.41%) BrowserStack
6 1 (1.20%) GitHub
Communications & Networking
1 11 (13.25%) HTTP
2 7 (8.43%) Firewall
2 7 (8.43%) TCP/IP
3 5 (6.02%) SAN
4 4 (4.82%) Internet
5 3 (3.61%) AMQP
5 3 (3.61%) DHCP
5 3 (3.61%) VLAN
6 1 (1.20%) Cisco ASA
6 1 (1.20%) DNS
6 1 (1.20%) SMS
6 1 (1.20%) tcpdump
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (18.07%) Relational Database
2 13 (15.66%) Oracle Database
3 11 (13.25%) MongoDB
4 8 (9.64%) Oracle Database 11g
5 7 (8.43%) Oracle Database 12c
6 5 (6.02%) Data Warehouse
6 5 (6.02%) Oracle Database 10g
6 5 (6.02%) SQL Server
7 4 (4.82%) MySQL
8 3 (3.61%) Azure SQL Database
8 3 (3.61%) Big Data
8 3 (3.61%) HBase
8 3 (3.61%) Neo4j
8 3 (3.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 3 (3.61%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 2 (2.41%) Hadoop
10 1 (1.20%) Apache Hive
10 1 (1.20%) Redis
10 1 (1.20%) SAS Data Integration Studio
10 1 (1.20%) SAS Enterprise Guide
Development Applications
1 11 (13.25%) Jenkins
2 10 (12.05%) Cucumber
3 5 (6.02%) Ant
3 5 (6.02%) JIRA
3 5 (6.02%) JUnit
3 5 (6.02%) Maven
4 3 (3.61%) IntelliJ
4 3 (3.61%) Mockito
4 3 (3.61%) Subversion
5 2 (2.41%) Git (software)
5 2 (2.41%) JBehave
5 2 (2.41%) Selenium
6 1 (1.20%) Gradle
6 1 (1.20%) Hudson
6 1 (1.20%) Oracle APEX
6 1 (1.20%) Vagrant
General
1 5 (6.02%) Finance
2 3 (3.61%) Legal
3 1 (1.20%) Banking
3 1 (1.20%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 23 (27.71%) Developer
2 18 (21.69%) Cloud Engineer
2 18 (21.69%) Java Developer
3 16 (19.28%) DevOps Engineer
4 14 (16.87%) AWS Engineer
5 10 (12.05%) Infrastructure Engineer
6 9 (10.84%) Support Engineer
7 8 (9.64%) AWS DevOps
7 8 (9.64%) AWS DevOps Engineer
7 8 (9.64%) DBA
7 8 (9.64%) Linux Engineer
8 6 (7.23%) Cloud Infrastructure Engineer
9 5 (6.02%) Administrator
9 5 (6.02%) SQL DBA
10 4 (4.82%) 1st Line Support
10 4 (4.82%) 1st Line Support Engineer
10 4 (4.82%) Oracle DBA
10 4 (4.82%) Technical Engineer
10 4 (4.82%) Technical Support
10 4 (4.82%) Technical Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 31 (37.35%) Web Services
2 13 (15.66%) Spring
3 11 (13.25%) Kafka
4 9 (10.84%) HTML
4 9 (10.84%) Spring Boot
4 9 (10.84%) XML
5 6 (7.23%) Hibernate
5 6 (7.23%) JSON
6 5 (6.02%) AngularJS
6 5 (6.02%) CSS
6 5 (6.02%) Dropwizard
6 5 (6.02%) jQuery
7 4 (4.82%) REST
8 3 (3.61%) JAX-RS
8 3 (3.61%) JPA
8 3 (3.61%) PowerMock
8 3 (3.61%) RabbitMQ
8 3 (3.61%) Spring Integration
8 3 (3.61%) Spring MVC
8 3 (3.61%) Spring Security
Miscellaneous
1 10 (12.05%) Analytical Skills
2 4 (4.82%) Clustering
3 3 (3.61%) Data Centre
4 2 (2.41%) CLARiiON
4 2 (2.41%) Device Driver
4 2 (2.41%) EMC VNX
5 1 (1.20%) Replication
5 1 (1.20%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 20 (24.10%) Unix
2 18 (21.69%) Windows
3 15 (18.07%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 12 (14.46%) Mac OS X
5 6 (7.23%) AIX
6 5 (6.02%) CentOS
7 3 (3.61%) Debian
7 3 (3.61%) Windows Server
7 3 (3.61%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (1.20%) Amazon Linux
8 1 (1.20%) Mac OS
8 1 (1.20%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 22 (26.51%) DevOps
2 14 (16.87%) Digital Transformation Programme
3 13 (15.66%) Configuration Management
4 11 (13.25%) Microservices
5 8 (9.64%) ITIL
6 7 (8.43%) Agile Software Development
7 5 (6.02%) Continuous Integration
7 5 (6.02%) ETL
7 5 (6.02%) Test Automation
8 4 (4.82%) Data Security
8 4 (4.82%) High Availability
8 4 (4.82%) Incident Management
9 3 (3.61%) Continuous Delivery
9 3 (3.61%) Disaster Recovery
9 3 (3.61%) MVC
9 3 (3.61%) OOD
9 3 (3.61%) Scrum
9 3 (3.61%) Software Engineering
9 3 (3.61%) TDD
9 3 (3.61%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 21 (25.30%) Java
2 16 (19.28%) SQL
3 15 (18.07%) Perl
4 11 (13.25%) Go
5 7 (8.43%) PL/SQL
5 7 (8.43%) Python
6 5 (6.02%) JavaScript
6 5 (6.02%) PowerShell
7 4 (4.82%) Bash Shell
7 4 (4.82%) PHP
7 4 (4.82%) T-SQL
8 3 (3.61%) Ruby
8 3 (3.61%) Shell Script
8 3 (3.61%) XPath
9 2 (2.41%) C
10 1 (1.20%) Scala
Qualifications
1 37 (44.58%) Security Cleared
2 36 (43.37%) SC Cleared
3 4 (4.82%) CCNA
3 4 (4.82%) Cisco Certification
3 4 (4.82%) ITIL Foundation Certificate
4 3 (3.61%) BPSS Clearance
5 2 (2.41%) Oracle Certification
6 1 (1.20%) MCSA
6 1 (1.20%) MCSE
6 1 (1.20%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (10.84%) SLA
2 2 (2.41%) Def Stans
2 2 (2.41%) QA
3 1 (1.20%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 4 (4.82%) iptables
2 3 (3.61%) NFS
2 3 (3.61%) Oracle RAC
2 3 (3.61%) Postfix
2 3 (3.61%) Sendmail
2 3 (3.61%) VMware Infrastructure
3 2 (2.41%) Hyper-V
3 2 (2.41%) Oracle Clusterware
4 1 (1.20%) Apache Flume
4 1 (1.20%) Docker
4 1 (1.20%) KVM
4 1 (1.20%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
Systems Management
1 31 (37.35%) Ansible
2 27 (32.53%) Terraform
3 10 (12.05%) Puppet
4 5 (6.02%) Tivoli
5 4 (4.82%) HP Data Protector
5 4 (4.82%) Tivoli Storage Manager
6 2 (2.41%) Data Guard
6 2 (2.41%) Opscode Chef
6 2 (2.41%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
6 2 (2.41%) Oracle Flashback
6 2 (2.41%) Oracle RMAN
6 2 (2.41%) Oracle Statspack
7 1 (1.20%) Nagios
7 1 (1.20%) Salt
Vendors
1 17 (20.48%) Oracle
2 15 (18.07%) Red Hat
3 8 (9.64%) Microsoft
4 7 (8.43%) Cisco
4 7 (8.43%) VMware
5 4 (4.82%) Citrix
5 4 (4.82%) HP
6 3 (3.61%) Cloudera
6 3 (3.61%) Juniper
6 3 (3.61%) SolarWinds
7 2 (2.41%) EMC
7 2 (2.41%) Fujitsu
7 2 (2.41%) Green Hills
7 2 (2.41%) Hitachi
7 2 (2.41%) Informatica
7 2 (2.41%) Intel
7 2 (2.41%) Teradata
8 1 (1.20%) MikroTik
8 1 (1.20%) Remedy