Period
to 23 June 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 23 June 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
23 Jun 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 28 10 28
Rank change year-on-year -18 +18 -9
Contract jobs citing Linux 95 134 98
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 6.45% 10.15% 7.85%
As % of the Operating Systems category 34.67% 41.88% 23.61%
Number of daily rates quoted 66 104 74
Wales median daily rate £421 £450 £370
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -6.39% +21.62% -4.52%
10th Percentile £313 £207 £131
90th Percentile £560 £538 £546
UK median daily rate £490 £460 £433
% change year-on-year +6.52% +6.36% +4.22%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 4 3
Wales median hourly rate £36.48 £13.25 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +175.32% -33.75% -
10th Percentile £33.20 £10.00 £17.00
90th Percentile £69.30 £19.00 £31.00
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £40.00 £42.00
% change year-on-year - -4.76% +16.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 274 320 415
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 18.59% 24.24% 33.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 168 219 256
Wales median daily rate £390 £393 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -0.64% +12.14% -2.78%
10th Percentile £202 £169 £131
90th Percentile £527 £525 £488
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 41 44
Wales median hourly rate £12.16 £13.50 £13.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -9.91% +3.85% -1.89%
10th Percentile £10.15 £10.50 £10.31
90th Percentile £39.65 £77.50 £19.85
UK median hourly rate £17.47 £16.50 £16.84
% change year-on-year +5.85% -2.02% +4.21%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 23 June 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in Wales

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 23 June 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 23 June 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -13 83 £408 -4.12% 35
West Wales -3 8 £540 +10.77% 6
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 23 June 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 33 (34.74%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (31.58%) Git (software)
2 30 (31.58%) DevOps
3 29 (30.53%) SC Cleared
3 29 (30.53%) Security Cleared
4 27 (28.42%) Windows
5 26 (27.37%) TCP/IP
6 25 (26.32%) Unix
6 25 (26.32%) Microsoft
6 25 (26.32%) Jenkins
7 22 (23.16%) Red Hat
8 20 (21.05%) Maven
9 19 (20.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 18 (18.95%) JIRA
11 17 (17.89%) Configuration Management
11 17 (17.89%) Perl
11 17 (17.89%) Active Directory
12 16 (16.84%) IBM
13 15 (15.79%) Java
13 15 (15.79%) Oracle
13 15 (15.79%) Migration
14 14 (14.74%) SQL
14 14 (14.74%) Amazon AWS
14 14 (14.74%) Ansible
15 13 (13.68%) Docker
15 13 (13.68%) Puppet
15 13 (13.68%) Problem-Solving
15 13 (13.68%) Microsoft Azure
15 13 (13.68%) Continuous Integration
15 13 (13.68%) Requirements Management

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (11.58%) WebLogic
2 8 (8.42%) Confluence
3 6 (6.32%) Apache
3 6 (6.32%) JBoss
3 6 (6.32%) SharePoint
4 4 (4.21%) Cloud Foundry
4 4 (4.21%) IIS
4 4 (4.21%) Oracle Service Bus
4 4 (4.21%) Oracle SOA Suite
5 3 (3.16%) FileNet
5 3 (3.16%) WebSphere
5 3 (3.16%) WebSphere Application Server
6 2 (2.11%) Tomcat
6 2 (2.11%) WebLogic Portal
7 1 (1.05%) Exchange Server 2013
7 1 (1.05%) MS Exchange
7 1 (1.05%) Mule
7 1 (1.05%) WildFly
Applications
1 4 (4.21%) Microsoft Project
2 1 (1.05%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 4 (4.21%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (1.05%) Staffware
Cloud Services
1 14 (14.74%) Amazon AWS
2 13 (13.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 6 (6.32%) Google Cloud Platform
4 5 (5.26%) Office 365
5 3 (3.16%) NuGet
6 2 (2.11%) GitHub
6 2 (2.11%) Heroku
6 2 (2.11%) IaaS
6 2 (2.11%) PaaS
7 1 (1.05%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (1.05%) Cloud Computing
7 1 (1.05%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 26 (27.37%) TCP/IP
2 12 (12.63%) Firewall
3 10 (10.53%) DNS
4 8 (8.42%) SNMP
4 8 (8.42%) VoIP
5 6 (6.32%) HTTP
5 6 (6.32%) Kerberos
6 5 (5.26%) VPN
7 4 (4.21%) Internet
7 4 (4.21%) SSH
7 4 (4.21%) tcpdump
8 3 (3.16%) VLAN
9 2 (2.11%) DHCP
9 2 (2.11%) OpenVPN
9 2 (2.11%) SAN
9 2 (2.11%) VSAN
9 2 (2.11%) Wireshark
10 1 (1.05%) DMZ
10 1 (1.05%) IPsec
10 1 (1.05%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (10.53%) SQL Server
2 8 (8.42%) Relational Database
3 7 (7.37%) MySQL
4 6 (6.32%) RDBMS
5 5 (5.26%) MariaDB
6 4 (4.21%) Oracle Database
7 2 (2.11%) Amazon Redshift
7 2 (2.11%) Azure SQL Database
7 2 (2.11%) Data Warehouse
7 2 (2.11%) SQL Server 2016
7 2 (2.11%) SQL Server Integration Services
7 2 (2.11%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 1 (1.05%) Oracle Database 11g
8 1 (1.05%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (1.05%) SQL Server 2008
8 1 (1.05%) SQL Server 2012
Development Applications
1 30 (31.58%) Git (software)
2 25 (26.32%) Jenkins
3 20 (21.05%) Maven
4 18 (18.95%) JIRA
5 11 (11.58%) Sonatype Nexus
6 9 (9.47%) Ant
6 9 (9.47%) Artifactory
7 8 (8.42%) ClearCase
7 8 (8.42%) ClearQuest
8 7 (7.37%) Eclipse
8 7 (7.37%) GCC
9 6 (6.32%) Hudson
9 6 (6.32%) Subversion
10 5 (5.26%) Rational Rhapsody
10 5 (5.26%) Vagrant
11 4 (4.21%) Rational DOORS
12 3 (3.16%) Visual Studio Team System
13 2 (2.11%) CF BOSH
14 1 (1.05%) Selenium
14 1 (1.05%) SonarQube
General
1 7 (7.37%) Finance
2 4 (4.21%) Military
2 4 (4.21%) Multimedia
3 3 (3.16%) Marketing
4 2 (2.11%) Electronics
4 2 (2.11%) Manufacturing
4 2 (2.11%) Telecoms
5 1 (1.05%) Back Office
5 1 (1.05%) Banking
5 1 (1.05%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 18 (18.95%) DevOps Engineer
2 11 (11.58%) Architect
3 10 (10.53%) Developer
4 9 (9.47%) Systems Engineer
5 8 (8.42%) Administrator
5 8 (8.42%) DBA
5 8 (8.42%) Software Engineer
6 7 (7.37%) Senior Systems Engineer
7 6 (6.32%) Cloud Engineer
7 6 (6.32%) Infrastructure Engineer
8 5 (5.26%) Database Engineer
8 5 (5.26%) Linux Engineer
8 5 (5.26%) Linux/Unix DevOps
8 5 (5.26%) MySQL DBA
8 5 (5.26%) Systems Administrator
9 4 (4.21%) Embedded Engineer
9 4 (4.21%) Embedded Software Engineer
9 4 (4.21%) Linux Systems Administrator
9 4 (4.21%) Technical Architect
9 4 (4.21%) Voice Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 11 (11.58%) Middleware
2 6 (6.32%) J2EE
2 6 (6.32%) Oracle Fusion
3 3 (3.16%) LDAP
3 3 (3.16%) POSIX
3 3 (3.16%) XML
4 2 (2.11%) Elastic Stack
4 2 (2.11%) JSON
4 2 (2.11%) LAMP
4 2 (2.11%) Laravel
4 2 (2.11%) Spring
4 2 (2.11%) VCL
4 2 (2.11%) WebCenter
5 1 (1.05%) Java EE
5 1 (1.05%) LAPP Stack
5 1 (1.05%) OpenID
5 1 (1.05%) QML
5 1 (1.05%) Qt
5 1 (1.05%) Qt Quick
5 1 (1.05%) Yocto
Miscellaneous
1 9 (9.47%) Management Information System
2 8 (8.42%) Self-Motivation
3 6 (6.32%) Analytical Skills
4 5 (5.26%) Cloud Native
4 5 (5.26%) Replication
5 3 (3.16%) Fintech
6 2 (2.11%) Clustering
6 2 (2.11%) Virtual Team
7 1 (1.05%) Cyberattack
7 1 (1.05%) Greenfield Project
7 1 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
7 1 (1.05%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 27 (28.42%) Windows
2 25 (26.32%) Unix
3 19 (20.00%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 6 (6.32%) Scientific Linux
4 6 (6.32%) Windows Server
4 6 (6.32%) Windows Server 2012
5 4 (4.21%) CentOS
6 3 (3.16%) Windows 10
6 3 (3.16%) Windows 7
7 2 (2.11%) Solaris
7 2 (2.11%) Ubuntu
8 1 (1.05%) Embedded Linux
8 1 (1.05%) Oracle Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 33 (34.74%) Agile Software Development
2 30 (31.58%) DevOps
3 17 (17.89%) Configuration Management
4 15 (15.79%) Migration
5 13 (13.68%) Continuous Integration
5 13 (13.68%) Problem-Solving
5 13 (13.68%) Requirements Management
6 12 (12.63%) Software Engineering
7 9 (9.47%) Information Management
7 9 (9.47%) Requirements Analysis
7 9 (9.47%) Use Case
8 8 (8.42%) Continuous Delivery
9 7 (7.37%) Load Balancing
9 7 (7.37%) Performance Tuning
10 6 (6.32%) Data Modelling
10 6 (6.32%) Open Source
10 6 (6.32%) Patch Management
10 6 (6.32%) Scrum
10 6 (6.32%) Server Hardening
11 5 (5.26%) Security Hardening
Programming Languages
1 17 (17.89%) Perl
2 15 (15.79%) Java
3 14 (14.74%) SQL
4 13 (13.68%) Shell Script
5 12 (12.63%) Bash Shell
5 12 (12.63%) Python
6 10 (10.53%) C
7 6 (6.32%) Ruby
8 4 (4.21%) PowerShell
9 3 (3.16%) C++
9 3 (3.16%) JavaScript
9 3 (3.16%) PL/SQL
10 2 (2.11%) PHP
10 2 (2.11%) T-SQL
11 1 (1.05%) C#
11 1 (1.05%) C-shell
11 1 (1.05%) Embedded C
11 1 (1.05%) PHP 5
11 1 (1.05%) Scala
Qualifications
1 29 (30.53%) SC Cleared
1 29 (30.53%) Security Cleared
2 4 (4.21%) Degree
3 2 (2.11%) AWS Certification
3 2 (2.11%) CCNP
3 2 (2.11%) Cisco Certification
4 1 (1.05%) CEH
4 1 (1.05%) CREST Certified
4 1 (1.05%) MCSE
4 1 (1.05%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (1.05%) OSCP
4 1 (1.05%) PRINCE2 Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.16%) GCP
1 3 (3.16%) QA
1 3 (3.16%) SLA
System Software
1 17 (17.89%) Active Directory
2 13 (13.68%) Docker
3 7 (7.37%) vSphere
4 5 (5.26%) NFS
4 5 (5.26%) VMware Infrastructure
5 4 (4.21%) iptables
6 2 (2.11%) Postfix
7 1 (1.05%) etcd
7 1 (1.05%) flannel
7 1 (1.05%) VMware ESXi
7 1 (1.05%) VMware Workstation
Systems Management
1 14 (14.74%) Ansible
2 13 (13.68%) Puppet
3 6 (6.32%) Opscode Chef
4 5 (5.26%) Galera Cluster
4 5 (5.26%) Kubernetes
4 5 (5.26%) Nagios
4 5 (5.26%) PTC Integrity
5 4 (4.21%) SCCM
5 4 (4.21%) Terraform
6 3 (3.16%) McAfee ePO
6 3 (3.16%) Nessus
7 2 (2.11%) Rundeck
7 2 (2.11%) Salt
7 2 (2.11%) vCenter Server
8 1 (1.05%) Nmap
8 1 (1.05%) Norton AntiVirus
8 1 (1.05%) rkt
8 1 (1.05%) SCOM
8 1 (1.05%) Single Sign-On
8 1 (1.05%) WSUS
Vendors
1 25 (26.32%) Microsoft
2 22 (23.16%) Red Hat
3 16 (16.84%) IBM
4 15 (15.79%) Oracle
5 8 (8.42%) Atlassian
5 8 (8.42%) Sonatype
6 6 (6.32%) Splunk
7 5 (5.26%) Google
7 5 (5.26%) PTC
7 5 (5.26%) VMware
8 4 (4.21%) Cisco
8 4 (4.21%) Remedy
9 3 (3.16%) McAfee
10 2 (2.11%) CheckPoint
10 2 (2.11%) F5
10 2 (2.11%) Juniper
10 2 (2.11%) New Relic
10 2 (2.11%) SAP
10 2 (2.11%) SolarWinds
10 2 (2.11%) Tripwire