Period
to 21 July 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 21 July 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
21 Jul 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 27 32 12
Rank change year-on-year +5 -20 +17
Contract jobs citing Linux 89 90 115
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 5.99% 6.03% 8.68%
As % of the Operating Systems category 21.14% 32.03% 36.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 62 90
Wales median daily rate £478 £450 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.11% - +16.13%
10th Percentile £343 £313 £205
90th Percentile £650 £593 £538
UK median daily rate £500 £490 £463
% change year-on-year +2.04% +5.95% +4.64%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Wales median hourly rate £36.00 - £10.00
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £41.75 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.59% +4.38% -

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 421 281 317
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 28.33% 18.83% 23.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 282 175 219
Wales median daily rate £400 £393 £363
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.91% +8.28% -2.03%
10th Percentile £135 £185 £145
90th Percentile £597 £535 £514
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £425
Number of hourly rates quoted 66 40 40
Wales median hourly rate £14.70 £12.33 £14.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +19.27% -15.00% +11.54%
10th Percentile £10.50 £10.16 £10.50
90th Percentile £42.25 £40.20 £77.50
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 21 July 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 21 July 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +9 80 £475 +14.11% 29
West Wales -19 7 £478 -10.33% 3
Mid Wales - 1 - - 1
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 21 July 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 47 (52.81%) Windows
2 32 (35.96%) Security Cleared
3 30 (33.71%) Docker
3 30 (33.71%) DevOps
4 26 (29.21%) Microsoft Azure
5 25 (28.09%) Kubernetes
6 24 (26.97%) Python
7 23 (25.84%) VMware
7 23 (25.84%) SC Cleared
8 22 (24.72%) Terraform
9 21 (23.60%) VMware Infrastructure
9 21 (23.60%) Ansible
9 21 (23.60%) Unix
10 20 (22.47%) Bash Shell
11 18 (20.22%) SQL
12 17 (19.10%) Microsoft
12 17 (19.10%) Migration
12 17 (19.10%) Amazon AWS
13 16 (17.98%) Agile Software Development
13 16 (17.98%) Virtual Servers
14 14 (15.73%) PowerShell
15 13 (14.61%) Google
15 13 (14.61%) Google Cloud Platform
15 13 (14.61%) Java
15 13 (14.61%) Infrastructure as Code
16 12 (13.48%) TOGAF
16 12 (13.48%) AWS CloudFormation
16 12 (13.48%) Enterprise Architecture
17 11 (12.36%) GitHub
17 11 (12.36%) Firewall

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 7 (7.87%) Apache
1 7 (7.87%) Tomcat
1 7 (7.87%) WebLogic
2 6 (6.74%) JBoss
2 6 (6.74%) WebSphere
3 5 (5.62%) Oracle Service Bus
3 5 (5.62%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 4 (4.49%) Cloud Foundry
4 4 (4.49%) WebLogic Portal
5 3 (3.37%) NetWeaver
6 2 (2.25%) Elasticsearch
6 2 (2.25%) SharePoint
7 1 (1.12%) Confluence
7 1 (1.12%) MS Exchange
Business Applications
1 5 (5.62%) Oracle BPM
2 2 (2.25%) SAP S/4HANA
Cloud Services
1 26 (29.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 17 (19.10%) Amazon AWS
3 13 (14.61%) Google Cloud Platform
4 12 (13.48%) AWS CloudFormation
5 11 (12.36%) GitHub
6 6 (6.74%) OpenShift
7 5 (5.62%) Amazon CloudWatch
8 4 (4.49%) Azure Data Factory
9 3 (3.37%) Power Platform
10 2 (2.25%) Office 365
11 1 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
11 1 (1.12%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 11 (12.36%) Firewall
2 7 (7.87%) HTTP
3 4 (4.49%) DNS
3 4 (4.49%) SSL
3 4 (4.49%) TCP/IP
4 3 (3.37%) VPN
5 2 (2.25%) DHCP
5 2 (2.25%) Reverse Proxy
6 1 (1.12%) Ethernet
6 1 (1.12%) LAN
6 1 (1.12%) Modbus
6 1 (1.12%) Network Security
6 1 (1.12%) OpenVPN
6 1 (1.12%) Wireless
6 1 (1.12%) Wireshark
Database & Business Intelligence
1 10 (11.24%) Relational Database
2 9 (10.11%) SQL Server
3 5 (5.62%) MySQL
3 5 (5.62%) PostgreSQL
3 5 (5.62%) RDBMS
4 4 (4.49%) DB2
4 4 (4.49%) MongoDB
4 4 (4.49%) Neo4j
4 4 (4.49%) Redis
4 4 (4.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
5 3 (3.37%) Power BI
6 1 (1.12%) Big Data
6 1 (1.12%) Cosmos DB
6 1 (1.12%) Informix
6 1 (1.12%) Oracle Database
Development Applications
1 8 (8.99%) Git (software)
2 7 (7.87%) Team Foundation Server
3 6 (6.74%) Jenkins
3 6 (6.74%) JIRA
4 5 (5.62%) Oracle Forms
4 5 (5.62%) Visual Studio
5 4 (4.49%) Bitbucket
5 4 (4.49%) SoapUI
6 3 (3.37%) ClearCase
6 3 (3.37%) Maven
7 2 (2.25%) Subversion
8 1 (1.12%) Artifactory
8 1 (1.12%) Eclipse
8 1 (1.12%) Flyway
8 1 (1.12%) GCC
8 1 (1.12%) GitLab
8 1 (1.12%) IntelliJ
General
1 2 (2.25%) Finance
1 2 (2.25%) Publishing
2 1 (1.12%) Law
2 1 (1.12%) Legal
Job Titles
1 15 (16.85%) Cloud Engineer
2 13 (14.61%) Architect
3 12 (13.48%) Solutions Architect
4 10 (11.24%) Developer
5 9 (10.11%) Systems Engineer
6 7 (7.87%) Java Developer
6 7 (7.87%) Linux Engineer
6 7 (7.87%) Software Engineer
7 6 (6.74%) Consultant
7 6 (6.74%) DevOps Engineer
7 6 (6.74%) Infrastructure Solutions Architect
8 5 (5.62%) AWS Engineer
8 5 (5.62%) Middleware Engineer
9 4 (4.49%) Administrator
9 4 (4.49%) Azure Architect
9 4 (4.49%) Kubernetes Architect
9 4 (4.49%) Python Developer
10 3 (3.37%) Analyst
10 3 (3.37%) Network Engineer
10 3 (3.37%) Test Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 8 (8.99%) Web Services
2 7 (7.87%) Spring
3 6 (6.74%) LAMP
3 6 (6.74%) SOAP
3 6 (6.74%) Spring Boot
4 5 (5.62%) Hibernate
4 5 (5.62%) Middleware
4 5 (5.62%) Oracle Fusion
4 5 (5.62%) REST
4 5 (5.62%) WebCenter
4 5 (5.62%) XML
5 4 (4.49%) Dropwizard
5 4 (4.49%) RabbitMQ
5 4 (4.49%) Spring Integration
6 3 (3.37%) SAP Basis
7 2 (2.25%) Apache NiFi
7 2 (2.25%) Elastic Stack
8 1 (1.12%) Swagger
8 1 (1.12%) TensorFlow
8 1 (1.12%) Yocto
Miscellaneous
1 11 (12.36%) Public Cloud
2 6 (6.74%) Linux Command Line
3 4 (4.49%) Clustering
4 3 (3.37%) Data Centre
4 3 (3.37%) Virtual Team
5 2 (2.25%) Hybrid Cloud
5 2 (2.25%) NHS
6 1 (1.12%) Analytical Skills
6 1 (1.12%) Driving Licence
6 1 (1.12%) Enterprise Software
6 1 (1.12%) Greenfield Project
6 1 (1.12%) Management Information System
6 1 (1.12%) PKI
6 1 (1.12%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 47 (52.81%) Windows
2 21 (23.60%) Unix
3 7 (7.87%) Ubuntu
3 7 (7.87%) Windows Server
4 6 (6.74%) CentOS
5 5 (5.62%) Mac OS X
6 4 (4.49%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 3 (3.37%) AIX
7 3 (3.37%) Solaris
7 3 (3.37%) SUSE
8 2 (2.25%) Embedded Linux
8 2 (2.25%) HPUX
9 1 (1.12%) Android
9 1 (1.12%) Debian
9 1 (1.12%) Fedora
9 1 (1.12%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
9 1 (1.12%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 30 (33.71%) DevOps
2 17 (19.10%) Migration
3 16 (17.98%) Agile Software Development
4 13 (14.61%) Infrastructure as Code
5 12 (13.48%) Enterprise Architecture
5 12 (13.48%) TOGAF
6 9 (10.11%) Business Transformation
6 9 (10.11%) Configuration Management
6 9 (10.11%) Microservices
6 9 (10.11%) Problem-Solving
7 7 (7.87%) IT Strategy
7 7 (7.87%) Software Engineering
8 6 (6.74%) Change Management
8 6 (6.74%) Continuous Integration
8 6 (6.74%) ITIL
9 5 (5.62%) Continuous Improvement
9 5 (5.62%) Project Management
9 5 (5.62%) Service Delivery
9 5 (5.62%) SOA
9 5 (5.62%) Test Automation
Programming Languages
1 24 (26.97%) Python
2 20 (22.47%) Bash Shell
3 18 (20.22%) SQL
4 14 (15.73%) PowerShell
5 13 (14.61%) Java
6 8 (8.99%) Perl
7 5 (5.62%) C
7 5 (5.62%) PHP
8 4 (4.49%) Embedded C
9 3 (3.37%) Ruby
10 2 (2.25%) C#
10 2 (2.25%) Java 8
10 2 (2.25%) Scala
10 2 (2.25%) Shell Script
11 1 (1.12%) C++
11 1 (1.12%) Groovy
11 1 (1.12%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 32 (35.96%) Security Cleared
2 23 (25.84%) SC Cleared
3 5 (5.62%) Degree
4 3 (3.37%) BPSS Clearance
4 3 (3.37%) DBS Check
4 3 (3.37%) DV Cleared
5 2 (2.25%) CCNA
5 2 (2.25%) CEPT
5 2 (2.25%) Cisco Certification
5 2 (2.25%) EC-Council LPT
5 2 (2.25%) GIAC
5 2 (2.25%) GPEN
5 2 (2.25%) ISTQB
5 2 (2.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (1.12%) GXPN
6 1 (1.12%) OSCP
6 1 (1.12%) RHCSA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (3.37%) QA
1 3 (3.37%) SLA
2 2 (2.25%) PCI DSS
3 1 (1.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 1 (1.12%) MISRA
System Software
1 30 (33.71%) Docker
2 21 (23.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 16 (17.98%) Virtual Servers
4 4 (4.49%) Active Directory
5 1 (1.12%) Firmware
5 1 (1.12%) KVM
5 1 (1.12%) Snort
5 1 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
5 1 (1.12%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 25 (28.09%) Kubernetes
2 22 (24.72%) Terraform
3 21 (23.60%) Ansible
4 7 (7.87%) Puppet
5 6 (6.74%) Nagios
5 6 (6.74%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (5.62%) Grafana
7 1 (1.12%) Docker Swarm
7 1 (1.12%) Red Hat Satellite
7 1 (1.12%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 23 (25.84%) VMware
2 17 (19.10%) Microsoft
3 13 (14.61%) Google
4 11 (12.36%) Red Hat
5 8 (8.99%) Oracle
6 3 (3.37%) Atlassian
6 3 (3.37%) CA
6 3 (3.37%) Cisco
6 3 (3.37%) SAP
6 3 (3.37%) Sparx
7 2 (2.25%) Splunk
8 1 (1.12%) Axiomatics
8 1 (1.12%) IBM
8 1 (1.12%) NetIQ