Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 29 24 12
Rank change year-on-year -5 -12 +7
Contract jobs citing Linux 105 81 143
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 6.28% 6.58% 10.06%
As % of the Operating Systems category 29.58% 27.55% 40.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 67 59 103
Wales median daily rate £400 £435 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -8.05% -5.95% +23.33%
10th Percentile £313 £179 £325
90th Percentile £680 £525 £624
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.16% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Wales median hourly rate - - -
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +3.66% +2.50% +6.67%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 355 294 355
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 21.22% 23.88% 24.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 227 186 202
Wales median daily rate £375 £325 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +15.38% -18.75% +10.34%
10th Percentile £182 £130 £158
90th Percentile £525 £478 £575
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £400
% change year-on-year - +6.25% +2.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 52 32 46
Wales median hourly rate £12.33 £14.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -11.96% +12.00% +7.76%
10th Percentile £10.13 £10.28 £10.13
90th Percentile £40.25 £23.15 £41.38
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.50
% change year-on-year - +6.06% -

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales +12 100 £400 -5.88% 42
West Wales -7 2 £513 +13.89% 2
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 47 (44.76%) DevOps
2 41 (39.05%) Ansible
3 38 (36.19%) SC Cleared
3 38 (36.19%) Security Cleared
3 38 (36.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
4 36 (34.29%) Java
5 33 (31.43%) Red Hat
6 31 (29.52%) Microsoft
6 31 (29.52%) Git (software)
7 30 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
7 30 (28.57%) TCP/IP
8 29 (27.62%) Unix
9 28 (26.67%) Jenkins
10 27 (25.71%) Windows
11 25 (23.81%) SQL
12 24 (22.86%) JBoss
13 21 (20.00%) Python
14 19 (18.10%) Firewall
15 18 (17.14%) HTTP
15 18 (17.14%) DNS
15 18 (17.14%) Windows Server
16 17 (16.19%) Sonatype Nexus
16 17 (16.19%) Active Directory
16 17 (16.19%) Configuration Management
16 17 (16.19%) Maven
17 16 (15.24%) Software Engineering
17 16 (15.24%) Microsoft Azure
18 15 (14.29%) Middleware
18 15 (14.29%) XML
18 15 (14.29%) C

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 24 (22.86%) JBoss
2 12 (11.43%) Apache
3 8 (7.62%) Confluence
4 5 (4.76%) SharePoint
5 4 (3.81%) Exchange Server 2013
5 4 (3.81%) IIS
5 4 (3.81%) MS Exchange
6 3 (2.86%) WebLogic
7 2 (1.90%) Elasticsearch
7 2 (1.90%) Oracle Service Bus
7 2 (1.90%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 2 (1.90%) WebLogic Portal
8 1 (0.95%) Apache Spark
8 1 (0.95%) SAS
Applications
1 4 (3.81%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 2 (1.90%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 16 (15.24%) Microsoft Azure
2 13 (12.38%) Amazon AWS
3 7 (6.67%) GitHub
4 4 (3.81%) IaaS
4 4 (3.81%) PaaS
5 3 (2.86%) Google Cloud Platform
6 2 (1.90%) NuGet
6 2 (1.90%) Serverless
7 1 (0.95%) AWS CloudFormation
7 1 (0.95%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 30 (28.57%) TCP/IP
2 19 (18.10%) Firewall
3 18 (17.14%) DNS
3 18 (17.14%) HTTP
4 10 (9.52%) DMZ
4 10 (9.52%) SNMP
4 10 (9.52%) VoIP
5 7 (6.67%) Network Security
5 7 (6.67%) VPN
6 6 (5.71%) VLAN
7 4 (3.81%) OpenVPN
7 4 (3.81%) tcpdump
7 4 (3.81%) VSAN
8 3 (2.86%) LAN
8 3 (2.86%) WAN
9 2 (1.90%) Bluetooth
9 2 (1.90%) Internet
9 2 (1.90%) IPsec
9 2 (1.90%) NAS
9 2 (1.90%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 15 (14.29%) SQL Server
2 6 (5.71%) SQL Server 2008
3 5 (4.76%) Big Data
4 4 (3.81%) Amazon Redshift
4 4 (3.81%) Apache Hive
4 4 (3.81%) Hadoop
4 4 (3.81%) SQL Server 2012
5 2 (1.90%) MySQL
5 2 (1.90%) SQL Server 2014
6 1 (0.95%) Apache Cassandra
6 1 (0.95%) Oracle Database
6 1 (0.95%) Oracle Database 10g
6 1 (0.95%) Oracle Database 11g
6 1 (0.95%) Oracle Database 12c
6 1 (0.95%) PostgreSQL
6 1 (0.95%) Relational Database
6 1 (0.95%) SAS Data Integration Studio
6 1 (0.95%) SAS Enterprise Guide
6 1 (0.95%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 31 (29.52%) Git (software)
2 28 (26.67%) Jenkins
3 17 (16.19%) Maven
3 17 (16.19%) Sonatype Nexus
4 11 (10.48%) JIRA
5 9 (8.57%) Ant
6 8 (7.62%) Eclipse
6 8 (7.62%) GCC
6 8 (7.62%) Team Foundation Server
7 6 (5.71%) SoapUI
7 6 (5.71%) Visual Studio
8 5 (4.76%) Subversion
9 2 (1.90%) Android Studio
9 2 (1.90%) Artifactory
9 2 (1.90%) GitLab
9 2 (1.90%) Vagrant
9 2 (1.90%) Visual Studio Team System
10 1 (0.95%) JUnit
10 1 (0.95%) Oracle APEX
10 1 (0.95%) Rational Rhapsody
General
1 6 (5.71%) Finance
2 3 (2.86%) Banking
3 1 (0.95%) Investment Banking
3 1 (0.95%) Law
Job Titles
1 16 (15.24%) Software Engineer
2 15 (14.29%) Architect
2 15 (14.29%) DevOps Engineer
3 14 (13.33%) Linux Systems Administrator
3 14 (13.33%) Systems Administrator
4 13 (12.38%) Linux Engineer
5 11 (10.48%) Security Architect
6 10 (9.52%) Administrator
6 10 (9.52%) Build Engineer
6 10 (9.52%) Linux Administrator
7 9 (8.57%) Analyst
8 8 (7.62%) Deployment Engineer
8 8 (7.62%) Embedded Engineer
8 8 (7.62%) Embedded Software Engineer
9 7 (6.67%) Developer
9 7 (6.67%) Infrastructure Engineer
9 7 (6.67%) Linux/Unix DevOps
10 5 (4.76%) C Software Engineer
10 5 (4.76%) Test Analyst
10 5 (4.76%) Unix Systems Administrator
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 15 (14.29%) Middleware
1 15 (14.29%) XML
2 13 (12.38%) J2EE
2 13 (12.38%) SOAP
3 8 (7.62%) JSON
4 7 (6.67%) WSDL
5 6 (5.71%) Elastic Stack
6 5 (4.76%) POSIX
7 3 (2.86%) Apache Axis
7 3 (2.86%) OAuth
7 3 (2.86%) Oracle Fusion
8 2 (1.90%) .NET
8 2 (1.90%) CSS
8 2 (1.90%) Dagger
8 2 (1.90%) HTML
8 2 (1.90%) jQuery
8 2 (1.90%) LDAP
8 2 (1.90%) Retrofit
8 2 (1.90%) Stripes Framework
8 2 (1.90%) WebCenter
Miscellaneous
1 11 (10.48%) Self-Motivation
2 10 (9.52%) Management Information System
3 9 (8.57%) CESG
4 7 (6.67%) N-Tier
4 7 (6.67%) PKI
5 3 (2.86%) Analytical Skills
5 3 (2.86%) Linux Command Line
5 3 (2.86%) Mobile App
5 3 (2.86%) NHS
6 2 (1.90%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.95%) AS400
7 1 (0.95%) Cyberattack
7 1 (0.95%) Data Centre
7 1 (0.95%) Enterprise Software
Operating Systems
1 38 (36.19%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
2 29 (27.62%) Unix
3 27 (25.71%) Windows
4 18 (17.14%) Windows Server
5 8 (7.62%) Windows Server 2012
6 6 (5.71%) Ubuntu
7 3 (2.86%) Android
7 3 (2.86%) Windows Server 2003
8 2 (1.90%) Debian
8 2 (1.90%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.95%) AIX
9 1 (0.95%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 47 (44.76%) DevOps
2 30 (28.57%) Agile Software Development
3 17 (16.19%) Configuration Management
4 16 (15.24%) Software Engineering
5 14 (13.33%) Load Balancing
6 12 (11.43%) ITIL
6 12 (11.43%) Risk Management
7 10 (9.52%) Cybersecurity
7 10 (9.52%) ITIL V3
7 10 (9.52%) SOA
8 9 (8.57%) Infrastructure Engineering
8 9 (8.57%) TOGAF
9 8 (7.62%) Continuous Integration
9 8 (7.62%) Cryptography
9 8 (7.62%) Risk Assessment
9 8 (7.62%) Scrum
9 8 (7.62%) Security Architecture
9 8 (7.62%) Server Management
9 8 (7.62%) Storage Management
9 8 (7.62%) Threat Analysis
Programming Languages
1 36 (34.29%) Java
2 25 (23.81%) SQL
3 21 (20.00%) Python
4 15 (14.29%) Bash Shell
4 15 (14.29%) C
5 10 (9.52%) Shell Script
6 7 (6.67%) Perl
7 4 (3.81%) Ruby
8 3 (2.86%) PowerShell
9 2 (1.90%) C#
9 2 (1.90%) JavaScript
9 2 (1.90%) R
10 1 (0.95%) Apple Swift
10 1 (0.95%) C++
10 1 (0.95%) Embedded C
10 1 (0.95%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 38 (36.19%) SC Cleared
1 38 (36.19%) Security Cleared
2 12 (11.43%) Degree
3 7 (6.67%) MCSE
3 7 (6.67%) Microsoft Certification
4 6 (5.71%) CESG Certified Professional
4 6 (5.71%) HND
5 2 (1.90%) HNC
5 2 (1.90%) MCITP
5 2 (1.90%) RHCSA
6 1 (0.95%) CCNA
6 1 (0.95%) CCNP
6 1 (0.95%) Cisco Certification
6 1 (0.95%) ISTQB
6 1 (0.95%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 6 (5.71%) QA
2 3 (2.86%) SLA
3 2 (1.90%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.90%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 17 (16.19%) Active Directory
2 14 (13.33%) Docker
3 11 (10.48%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (10.48%) vSphere
4 6 (5.71%) Postfix
4 6 (5.71%) Virtual Machines
5 4 (3.81%) iptables
5 4 (3.81%) VMware Workstation
6 2 (1.90%) NFS
7 1 (0.95%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
7 1 (0.95%) Virtual Servers
7 1 (0.95%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 41 (39.05%) Ansible
2 14 (13.33%) Puppet
2 14 (13.33%) Rundeck
3 13 (12.38%) Kubernetes
4 8 (7.62%) Terraform
5 6 (5.71%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (4.76%) SCCM
7 4 (3.81%) Backup Exec
7 4 (3.81%) McAfee ePO
7 4 (3.81%) NetBackup
7 4 (3.81%) Norton AntiVirus
7 4 (3.81%) Red Hat Satellite
7 4 (3.81%) SCOM
7 4 (3.81%) vCenter Server
7 4 (3.81%) WSUS
8 2 (1.90%) Kibana
8 2 (1.90%) logstash
8 2 (1.90%) Mesos
8 2 (1.90%) Nagios
9 1 (0.95%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 33 (31.43%) Red Hat
2 31 (29.52%) Microsoft
3 13 (12.38%) VMware
4 11 (10.48%) Oracle
5 4 (3.81%) McAfee
5 4 (3.81%) Symantec
6 3 (2.86%) Cloudera
7 2 (1.90%) Atlassian
7 2 (1.90%) Google
7 2 (1.90%) Hortonworks
7 2 (1.90%) IBM
7 2 (1.90%) New Relic
7 2 (1.90%) Remedy
7 2 (1.90%) Splunk
7 2 (1.90%) Veeam
8 1 (0.95%) NetApp
8 1 (0.95%) PlateSpin
8 1 (0.95%) PTC