Period
to 15 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for Linux skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Linux over the 6 months to 15 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Linux
UK > Wales
6 months to
15 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 31 22 12
Rank change year-on-year -9 -10 +6
Contract jobs citing Linux 102 97 150
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 6.00% 7.42% 10.88%
As % of the Operating Systems category 30.09% 33.22% 47.02%
Number of daily rates quoted 65 68 113
Wales median daily rate £425 £410 £463
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.66% -11.35% +23.33%
10th Percentile £318 £311 £363
90th Percentile £665 £536 £594
UK median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 4 1
Wales median hourly rate - £45.74 £16.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +177.21% -45.00%
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £41.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +8.54% +2.50% +5.26%

Linux is in the Operating Systems category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Wales with a requirement for operating system skills.

All Operating Systems
Wales
Contract vacancies with a requirement for operating system skills 339 292 319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Wales 19.94% 22.32% 23.13%
Number of daily rates quoted 224 172 201
Wales median daily rate £379 £354 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.07% -16.76% +21.43%
10th Percentile £167 £130 £158
90th Percentile £538 £487 £550
UK median daily rate £425 £425 £401
% change year-on-year - +6.12% +0.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 37 49
Wales median hourly rate £12.75 £15.00 £12.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.00% +20.00% +8.23%
10th Percentile £10.13 £10.70 £10.40
90th Percentile £23.53 £36.19 £28.85
UK median hourly rate £17.50 £17.50 £16.29
% change year-on-year - +7.43% -1.27%

Linux
Job Vacancy Trend in Wales

Job postings citing Linux as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Wales.

Job vacancy trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor daily rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Wales

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Linux in Wales over the 6 months to 15 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Wales

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux in Wales.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Linux in Wales

Linux
Contract Job Locations in Wales

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Linux within the Wales region over the 6 months to 15 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
South Wales -7 91 £425 +6.92% 47
West Wales -1 10 £500 +11.11% 8
Linux
UK

For the 6 months to 15 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Linux also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Wales region with a requirement for Linux.

1 40 (39.22%) DevOps
2 38 (37.25%) Java
3 37 (36.27%) Ansible
4 34 (33.33%) Security Cleared
5 32 (31.37%) Unix
6 31 (30.39%) SC Cleared
7 30 (29.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 29 (28.43%) Agile Software Development
9 26 (25.49%) Red Hat
9 26 (25.49%) Windows
10 24 (23.53%) Jenkins
11 23 (22.55%) SQL
11 23 (22.55%) Microsoft
12 22 (21.57%) TCP/IP
12 22 (21.57%) Git (software)
13 20 (19.61%) HTTP
14 19 (18.63%) JBoss
14 19 (18.63%) Python
15 18 (17.65%) Configuration Management
15 18 (17.65%) Degree
16 17 (16.67%) Software Engineering
16 17 (16.67%) VMware
16 17 (16.67%) C
17 16 (15.69%) Oracle
17 16 (15.69%) Firewall
17 16 (15.69%) Microsoft Azure
17 16 (15.69%) Windows Server
18 15 (14.71%) Maven
18 15 (14.71%) JIRA
19 14 (13.73%) vSphere

Linux
Co-occurring IT Skills in Wales by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (18.63%) JBoss
2 11 (10.78%) Confluence
3 7 (6.86%) Apache
3 7 (6.86%) WebLogic
4 4 (3.92%) Exchange Server 2013
4 4 (3.92%) IIS
4 4 (3.92%) MS Exchange
4 4 (3.92%) Oracle Service Bus
4 4 (3.92%) Oracle SOA Suite
4 4 (3.92%) SharePoint
5 3 (2.94%) WebLogic Portal
6 1 (0.98%) Apache Spark
6 1 (0.98%) SAS
6 1 (0.98%) WebSphere
Applications
1 1 (0.98%) Microsoft Project
Business Applications
1 4 (3.92%) Oracle BPM
2 1 (0.98%) LongView
Cloud Services
1 16 (15.69%) Microsoft Azure
2 11 (10.78%) Amazon AWS
2 11 (10.78%) GitHub
3 4 (3.92%) AWS CloudFormation
3 4 (3.92%) Google Cloud Platform
3 4 (3.92%) IaaS
3 4 (3.92%) PaaS
4 2 (1.96%) NuGet
4 2 (1.96%) Serverless
5 1 (0.98%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 22 (21.57%) TCP/IP
2 20 (19.61%) HTTP
3 16 (15.69%) Firewall
4 14 (13.73%) DNS
5 7 (6.86%) DMZ
5 7 (6.86%) SNMP
5 7 (6.86%) VoIP
6 6 (5.88%) Network Security
6 6 (5.88%) VLAN
7 4 (3.92%) SSL
7 4 (3.92%) tcpdump
7 4 (3.92%) VSAN
8 3 (2.94%) LAN
8 3 (2.94%) SSH
8 3 (2.94%) WAN
9 2 (1.96%) Bluetooth
9 2 (1.96%) Internet
9 2 (1.96%) IPsec
9 2 (1.96%) NAS
9 2 (1.96%) SAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 14 (13.73%) SQL Server
2 9 (8.82%) Relational Database
3 7 (6.86%) MongoDB
3 7 (6.86%) Neo4j
4 6 (5.88%) SQL Server 2008
5 5 (4.90%) Big Data
6 4 (3.92%) Apache Hive
6 4 (3.92%) Hadoop
6 4 (3.92%) SQL Server 2012
7 2 (1.96%) MySQL
7 2 (1.96%) SQL Server 2014
8 1 (0.98%) Apache Cassandra
8 1 (0.98%) Oracle Database
8 1 (0.98%) Oracle Database 10g
8 1 (0.98%) Oracle Database 11g
8 1 (0.98%) Oracle Database 12c
8 1 (0.98%) PostgreSQL
8 1 (0.98%) SAS Data Integration Studio
8 1 (0.98%) SAS Enterprise Guide
8 1 (0.98%) SQL Server 2005
Development Applications
1 24 (23.53%) Jenkins
2 22 (21.57%) Git (software)
3 15 (14.71%) JIRA
3 15 (14.71%) Maven
4 14 (13.73%) Sonatype Nexus
5 12 (11.76%) Team Foundation Server
6 9 (8.82%) Ant
7 6 (5.88%) Subversion
8 5 (4.90%) Bitbucket
8 5 (4.90%) ClearCase
8 5 (4.90%) SoapUI
8 5 (4.90%) Visual Studio
9 4 (3.92%) GitLab
10 3 (2.94%) Eclipse
10 3 (2.94%) GCC
11 2 (1.96%) Android Studio
11 2 (1.96%) Artifactory
11 2 (1.96%) Vagrant
11 2 (1.96%) Visual Studio Team System
12 1 (0.98%) Hudson
General
1 9 (8.82%) Finance
2 2 (1.96%) Banking
3 1 (0.98%) Investment Banking
3 1 (0.98%) Law
Job Titles
1 17 (16.67%) Developer
1 17 (16.67%) Linux Engineer
1 17 (16.67%) Software Engineer
2 12 (11.76%) Embedded Engineer
2 12 (11.76%) Embedded Software Engineer
3 11 (10.78%) DevOps Engineer
3 11 (10.78%) Java Developer
4 10 (9.80%) Linux Systems Administrator
4 10 (9.80%) Systems Administrator
5 9 (8.82%) Architect
5 9 (8.82%) C Software Engineer
6 8 (7.84%) Administrator
6 8 (7.84%) Build Engineer
6 8 (7.84%) Embedded C Engineer
6 8 (7.84%) Embedded C Software Engineer
6 8 (7.84%) Linux Administrator
7 7 (6.86%) Analyst
7 7 (6.86%) Embedded Linux Engineer
7 7 (6.86%) Embedded Linux Software Engineer
7 7 (6.86%) Security Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (12.75%) XML
2 12 (11.76%) Middleware
2 12 (11.76%) SOAP
3 8 (7.84%) J2EE
4 7 (6.86%) Dropwizard
4 7 (6.86%) Hibernate
4 7 (6.86%) HTML
5 6 (5.88%) JSON
5 6 (5.88%) REST
5 6 (5.88%) WSDL
6 5 (4.90%) Oracle Fusion
7 4 (3.92%) Apache Axis
7 4 (3.92%) JAX-RS
8 3 (2.94%) CSS
8 3 (2.94%) LDAP
8 3 (2.94%) OAuth
8 3 (2.94%) POSIX
8 3 (2.94%) WebCenter
9 2 (1.96%) .NET
9 2 (1.96%) Web Services
Miscellaneous
1 10 (9.80%) Management Information System
2 9 (8.82%) CESG
3 8 (7.84%) Linux Command Line
4 6 (5.88%) N-Tier
4 6 (5.88%) PKI
5 4 (3.92%) Data Centre
5 4 (3.92%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (2.94%) Mobile App
6 3 (2.94%) NHS
6 3 (2.94%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.98%) Analytical Skills
7 1 (0.98%) AS400
7 1 (0.98%) Enterprise Software
7 1 (0.98%) Greenfield Project
Operating Systems
1 32 (31.37%) Unix
2 30 (29.41%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
3 26 (25.49%) Windows
4 16 (15.69%) Windows Server
5 10 (9.80%) Mac OS X
6 8 (7.84%) Windows Server 2012
7 3 (2.94%) Android
7 3 (2.94%) Windows Server 2003
8 2 (1.96%) Debian
8 2 (1.96%) Ubuntu
8 2 (1.96%) Windows Server 2008
9 1 (0.98%) AIX
9 1 (0.98%) Apple iOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 40 (39.22%) DevOps
2 29 (28.43%) Agile Software Development
3 18 (17.65%) Configuration Management
4 17 (16.67%) Software Engineering
5 11 (10.78%) SOA
6 10 (9.80%) ITIL
6 10 (9.80%) Risk Management
7 9 (8.82%) Cybersecurity
7 9 (8.82%) ITIL V3
7 9 (8.82%) Storage Management
8 8 (7.84%) Cryptography
8 8 (7.84%) TOGAF
9 7 (6.86%) Continuous Delivery
9 7 (6.86%) Infrastructure Engineering
9 7 (6.86%) Load Balancing
9 7 (6.86%) Performance Tuning
9 7 (6.86%) Responsive Web Design
9 7 (6.86%) Test Automation
9 7 (6.86%) Web Design
10 6 (5.88%) Security Architecture
Programming Languages
1 38 (37.25%) Java
2 23 (22.55%) SQL
3 19 (18.63%) Python
4 17 (16.67%) C
5 11 (10.78%) Bash Shell
6 10 (9.80%) Shell Script
7 5 (4.90%) Embedded C
8 4 (3.92%) Perl
8 4 (3.92%) PowerShell
9 3 (2.94%) Ruby
10 2 (1.96%) C#
10 2 (1.96%) JavaScript
10 2 (1.96%) R
11 1 (0.98%) Apple Swift
11 1 (0.98%) C++
11 1 (0.98%) PL/SQL
11 1 (0.98%) Scala
Qualifications
1 34 (33.33%) Security Cleared
2 31 (30.39%) SC Cleared
3 18 (17.65%) Degree
4 7 (6.86%) MCSE
4 7 (6.86%) Microsoft Certification
5 5 (4.90%) CESG Certified Professional
5 5 (4.90%) HND
5 5 (4.90%) RHCSA
6 3 (2.94%) BPSS Clearance
6 3 (2.94%) HNC
7 2 (1.96%) MCITP
8 1 (0.98%) CCNA
8 1 (0.98%) CCNP
8 1 (0.98%) Cisco Certification
8 1 (0.98%) DV Cleared
8 1 (0.98%) ISTQB
8 1 (0.98%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 4 (3.92%) QA
2 3 (2.94%) SLA
3 2 (1.96%) ISO/IEC 27001
3 2 (1.96%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 14 (13.73%) Active Directory
1 14 (13.73%) vSphere
2 13 (12.75%) VMware Infrastructure
3 11 (10.78%) Docker
4 8 (7.84%) Virtual Machines
5 6 (5.88%) Postfix
6 4 (3.92%) iptables
6 4 (3.92%) VMware Workstation
7 3 (2.94%) NFS
8 2 (1.96%) VMware ESXi
9 1 (0.98%) Tivoli Workload Scheduler
9 1 (0.98%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 37 (36.27%) Ansible
2 14 (13.73%) Puppet
3 12 (11.76%) Rundeck
4 9 (8.82%) Kubernetes
5 8 (7.84%) Terraform
6 7 (6.86%) Red Hat Satellite
7 5 (4.90%) NetBackup
7 5 (4.90%) SCCM
8 4 (3.92%) Backup Exec
8 4 (3.92%) McAfee ePO
8 4 (3.92%) Norton AntiVirus
8 4 (3.92%) Opscode Chef
8 4 (3.92%) SCOM
8 4 (3.92%) vCenter Server
8 4 (3.92%) WSUS
9 2 (1.96%) Mesos
10 1 (0.98%) Nagios
10 1 (0.98%) SnapVault
10 1 (0.98%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 26 (25.49%) Red Hat
2 23 (22.55%) Microsoft
3 17 (16.67%) VMware
4 16 (15.69%) Oracle
5 7 (6.86%) Atlassian
6 5 (4.90%) CA
7 4 (3.92%) Google
7 4 (3.92%) McAfee
7 4 (3.92%) Symantec
8 3 (2.94%) Cloudera
8 3 (2.94%) Veeam
9 2 (1.96%) Dell
9 2 (1.96%) EMC
9 2 (1.96%) Hortonworks
9 2 (1.96%) NetApp
9 2 (1.96%) Remedy
10 1 (0.98%) IBM
10 1 (0.98%) PlateSpin
10 1 (0.98%) Veritas