Period
to 17 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
17 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 24 35 35
Rank change year-on-year +11 0 +3
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 7,063 5,642 4,948
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 7.10% 5.62% 5.08%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.17% 6.55% 5.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,740 4,010 3,272
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £315 £310 £290
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 53 83 48
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £42.50 £39.69
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +7.09% +0.80%
10th Percentile £19.92 £16.18 £31.25
90th Percentile £49.75 £62.20 £57.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £43.00 £39.37
% change year-on-year -1.16% +9.22% -

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 86,410 86,099 82,940
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.92% 85.83% 85.20%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,036 57,590 54,781
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.19%
10th Percentile £300 £281 £263
90th Percentile £648 £638 £613
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £405 £400
% change year-on-year +4.86% +1.33% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,199 2,021 2,396
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £23.00 £22.84
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.17% +0.70% -0.70%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.03
90th Percentile £50.02 £49.75 £48.75
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -6.25% +6.67% -10.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 17 January 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 17 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 6,442 £475 +5.56% 1,741
UK excluding London +6 3,671 £425 +6.25% 1,251
London +13 3,308 £500 - 618
South East +7 1,074 £450 +5.88% 322
North of England +12 847 £425 +6.25% 279
Midlands +6 476 £422 +8.62% 178
South West +12 461 £428 +12.50% 205
North West +10 373 £428 +14.00% 118
Yorkshire +4 341 £420 +5.00% 117
Scotland +7 332 £400 +5.26% 78
West Midlands +3 305 £438 +9.38% 118
East of England +24 274 £471 +4.72% 141
Wales +12 172 £425 - 38
East Midlands +6 169 £395 +5.33% 60
North East +25 138 £431 +4.55% 44
Northern Ireland -6 38 £412 -5.29% 12
Channel Islands -1 3 - -

For the 6 months to 17 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,586 (64.93%) Agile Software Development
2 2,825 (40.00%) Java
3 2,273 (32.18%) Selenium
4 1,879 (26.60%) Continuous Integration
5 1,819 (25.75%) JavaScript
6 1,692 (23.96%) TDD
7 1,671 (23.66%) Jenkins
8 1,665 (23.57%) Scrum
9 1,553 (21.99%) Git (software)
10 1,552 (21.97%) BDD
11 1,473 (20.86%) DevOps
12 1,459 (20.66%) SQL
13 1,410 (19.96%) JIRA
14 1,395 (19.75%) Cucumber
15 1,287 (18.22%) C#
16 1,258 (17.81%) QA
17 1,157 (16.38%) Finance
18 1,111 (15.73%) Python
19 1,067 (15.11%) HTML
20 1,010 (14.30%) CSS
21 990 (14.02%) Amazon AWS
22 972 (13.76%) Microservices
23 962 (13.62%) Linux
24 940 (13.31%) .NET
25 888 (12.57%) REST
26 874 (12.37%) Docker
27 825 (11.68%) AngularJS
28 818 (11.58%) Web Services
29 742 (10.51%) Confluence
30 734 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 742 (10.51%) Confluence
2 149 (2.11%) Apache
3 126 (1.78%) Tomcat
4 125 (1.77%) Elasticsearch
5 112 (1.59%) CMS
6 96 (1.36%) WebSphere
7 95 (1.35%) WebLogic
8 81 (1.15%) JBoss
9 78 (1.10%) nginx
10 71 (1.01%) Cloud Foundry
11 66 (0.93%) Apache Spark
12 65 (0.92%) SharePoint
13 62 (0.88%) Mule
14 60 (0.85%) WildFly
15 43 (0.61%) Apache Solr
16 34 (0.48%) Drupal
17 32 (0.45%) Oracle SOA Suite
18 30 (0.42%) Jetty
19 29 (0.41%) Gunicorn
20 28 (0.40%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 122 (1.73%) Microsoft Excel
2 64 (0.91%) MS Visio
3 47 (0.67%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.31%) Microsoft Project
5 19 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 5 (0.071%) Chatbot
8 3 (0.042%) HipChat
9 2 (0.028%) Spreadsheet
10 1 (0.014%) CATIA
10 1 (0.014%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.014%) Mingle
10 1 (0.014%) Simulink
10 1 (0.014%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 103 (1.46%) Dynamics CRM
2 19 (0.27%) Markit EDM
3 15 (0.21%) Magento
4 8 (0.11%) Endur
4 8 (0.11%) Oracle EBS
4 8 (0.11%) thinkFolio
5 6 (0.085%) BASE24
5 6 (0.085%) Dynamics AX
5 6 (0.085%) SAP Hybris
6 5 (0.071%) Distributed Ledger
6 5 (0.071%) Dynamics NAV
7 4 (0.057%) Oracle Retail
7 4 (0.057%) SAP FI
7 4 (0.057%) SAP HR
7 4 (0.057%) SAP S/4HANA
8 3 (0.042%) Remedy ITSM
8 3 (0.042%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 2 (0.028%) Oracle Subledger Accounting
9 2 (0.028%) SAP ERP
9 2 (0.028%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 990 (14.02%) Amazon AWS
2 734 (10.39%) Microsoft Azure
3 346 (4.90%) GitHub
4 149 (2.11%) Amazon EC2
5 143 (2.02%) Serverless
6 138 (1.95%) BrowserStack
7 125 (1.77%) SaaS
8 120 (1.70%) Google Cloud Platform
9 114 (1.61%) PaaS
10 102 (1.44%) Amazon S3
11 94 (1.33%) AWS Lambda
11 94 (1.33%) IaaS
12 91 (1.29%) Cloud Computing
13 88 (1.25%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 76 (1.08%) Google Analytics
15 75 (1.06%) Slack
16 61 (0.86%) Sauce Labs
17 55 (0.78%) Dynamics 365
18 48 (0.68%) AWS CloudFormation
19 44 (0.62%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 373 (5.28%) HTTP
2 190 (2.69%) TCP/IP
3 149 (2.11%) SSL
4 102 (1.44%) DNS
5 92 (1.30%) Firewall
6 82 (1.16%) Internet
7 56 (0.79%) DHCP
8 45 (0.64%) FTP
9 44 (0.62%) IPsec
10 34 (0.48%) VLAN
11 27 (0.38%) VPN
12 25 (0.35%) Wireless
13 22 (0.31%) SSH
14 19 (0.27%) Skype
15 17 (0.24%) DSL
16 16 (0.23%) AMQP
17 13 (0.18%) MPLS
18 12 (0.17%) HTTPS
18 12 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
19 11 (0.16%) Reverse Proxy
Database & Business Intelligence
1 510 (7.22%) SQL Server
2 457 (6.47%) Relational Database
3 419 (5.93%) MongoDB
4 399 (5.65%) NoSQL
5 353 (5.00%) MySQL
6 252 (3.57%) PostgreSQL
7 205 (2.90%) RDBMS
8 168 (2.38%) Big Data
9 164 (2.32%) Apache Cassandra
10 113 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
11 105 (1.49%) Hadoop
12 79 (1.12%) Amazon RDS
13 76 (1.08%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 75 (1.06%) Apache Hive
15 68 (0.96%) Oracle Database
16 63 (0.89%) Redis
17 54 (0.76%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 53 (0.75%) Data Lake
19 52 (0.74%) SQL Server 2016
20 49 (0.69%) DB2
Development Applications
1 2,273 (32.18%) Selenium
2 1,671 (23.66%) Jenkins
3 1,553 (21.99%) Git (software)
4 1,410 (19.96%) JIRA
5 1,395 (19.75%) Cucumber
6 655 (9.27%) WebDriver
7 610 (8.64%) Maven
8 542 (7.67%) JUnit
9 509 (7.21%) JMeter
10 442 (6.26%) SoapUI
11 345 (4.88%) SpecFlow
12 331 (4.69%) Subversion
13 312 (4.42%) Visual Studio Team System
14 272 (3.85%) Team Foundation Server
15 266 (3.77%) Visual Studio
16 248 (3.51%) TeamCity
17 239 (3.38%) Gatling
18 182 (2.58%) Appium
19 179 (2.53%) Bitbucket
20 178 (2.52%) Protractor
General
1 1,157 (16.38%) Finance
2 540 (7.65%) Banking
3 228 (3.23%) Retail
4 102 (1.44%) Front Office
4 102 (1.44%) Marketing
5 100 (1.42%) Telecoms
6 95 (1.35%) Games
7 75 (1.06%) Investment Banking
8 68 (0.96%) Manufacturing
9 60 (0.85%) Electronics
10 46 (0.65%) Back Office
10 46 (0.65%) Legal
11 44 (0.62%) Advertising
12 32 (0.45%) Law
13 31 (0.44%) Publishing
14 24 (0.34%) Billing
15 20 (0.28%) Financial Institution
15 20 (0.28%) Retail Banking
16 15 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
17 14 (0.20%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2,514 (35.59%) Developer
2 1,142 (16.17%) Tester
3 839 (11.88%) Analyst
4 753 (10.66%) Automation Tester
5 718 (10.17%) Test Analyst
6 674 (9.54%) Java Developer
7 591 (8.37%) Test Engineer
8 386 (5.47%) DevOps Engineer
9 320 (4.53%) Test Automation Engineer
10 293 (4.15%) Senior Developer
11 278 (3.94%) Automation Test Analyst
12 264 (3.74%) Developer in Test
13 261 (3.70%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 251 (3.55%) Test Leader
15 226 (3.20%) .NET Developer
16 225 (3.19%) C# Developer
17 217 (3.07%) Full Stack Developer
18 215 (3.04%) Test Manager
19 214 (3.03%) Architect
20 196 (2.78%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,067 (15.11%) HTML
2 1,010 (14.30%) CSS
3 940 (13.31%) .NET
4 888 (12.57%) REST
5 825 (11.68%) AngularJS
6 818 (11.58%) Web Services
7 727 (10.29%) RESTful
8 710 (10.05%) Node.js
9 671 (9.50%) Spring
10 549 (7.77%) HTML5
11 519 (7.35%) React
12 513 (7.26%) JSON
13 468 (6.63%) SOAP
14 422 (5.97%) Gherkin
15 408 (5.78%) XML
16 294 (4.16%) Hibernate
17 281 (3.98%) CSS3
18 278 (3.94%) Spring Boot
19 246 (3.48%) jQuery
20 240 (3.40%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 394 (5.58%) Analytical Skills
2 325 (4.60%) User Experience
3 262 (3.71%) Greenfield Project
4 213 (3.02%) Mobile App
5 184 (2.61%) Self-Motivation
6 130 (1.84%) Linux Command Line
7 113 (1.60%) Fintech
8 107 (1.51%) Algorithms
9 95 (1.35%) Data Structures
10 94 (1.33%) Virtual Team
11 88 (1.25%) Enterprise Software
12 82 (1.16%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 69 (0.98%) Management Information System
14 56 (0.79%) Public Cloud
15 46 (0.65%) Derivative
15 46 (0.65%) Fixed Income
16 45 (0.64%) Hybrid Cloud
17 41 (0.58%) Data Centre
18 40 (0.57%) Reference Data
18 40 (0.57%) Wiki
Operating Systems
1 962 (13.62%) Linux
2 579 (8.20%) Unix
3 533 (7.55%) Windows
4 195 (2.76%) Android
5 183 (2.59%) Apple iOS
6 130 (1.84%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 87 (1.23%) Mac OS X
8 69 (0.98%) Ubuntu
8 69 (0.98%) VMS
9 33 (0.47%) Windows Server
10 29 (0.41%) CentOS
11 22 (0.31%) Mac OS
12 16 (0.23%) Windows Server 2008
13 14 (0.20%) Windows 7
13 14 (0.20%) Windows Server 2003
14 13 (0.18%) AIX
15 10 (0.14%) Windows 10
16 9 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 8 (0.11%) Solaris
18 6 (0.085%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,586 (64.93%) Agile Software Development
2 1,879 (26.60%) Continuous Integration
3 1,692 (23.96%) TDD
4 1,665 (23.57%) Scrum
5 1,552 (21.97%) BDD
6 1,473 (20.86%) DevOps
7 972 (13.76%) Microservices
8 696 (9.85%) Problem-Solving
9 695 (9.84%) Test Scripting
10 678 (9.60%) Open Source
11 634 (8.98%) OO
12 632 (8.95%) Test Strategy
13 590 (8.35%) Continuous Delivery
14 581 (8.23%) Software Engineering
15 571 (8.08%) Kanban
16 551 (7.80%) SDLC
17 517 (7.32%) Configuration Management
18 502 (7.11%) Regression Testing
19 487 (6.90%) Manual Testing
20 450 (6.37%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,825 (40.00%) Java
2 1,819 (25.75%) JavaScript
3 1,459 (20.66%) SQL
4 1,287 (18.22%) C#
5 1,111 (15.73%) Python
6 466 (6.60%) Ruby
7 362 (5.13%) Java 8
8 296 (4.19%) Scala
9 260 (3.68%) Groovy
10 252 (3.57%) Perl
11 246 (3.48%) Bash Shell
12 188 (2.66%) TypeScript
13 180 (2.55%) PowerShell
14 167 (2.36%) ES6
15 159 (2.25%) PHP
16 146 (2.07%) C++
16 146 (2.07%) T-SQL
17 145 (2.05%) Shell Script
18 111 (1.57%) PL/SQL
19 109 (1.54%) C
Qualifications
1 545 (7.72%) Security Cleared
2 404 (5.72%) SC Cleared
3 387 (5.48%) ISTQB
4 365 (5.17%) Degree
5 285 (4.04%) ISEB
6 160 (2.27%) BPSS Clearance
7 142 (2.01%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 76 (1.08%) Computer Science Degree
9 75 (1.06%) DV Cleared
10 38 (0.54%) Master's Degree
11 32 (0.45%) ISEB Practitioner
12 31 (0.44%) CISSP
13 30 (0.42%) DBS Check
14 29 (0.41%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 19 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
16 16 (0.23%) Cisco Certification
17 13 (0.18%) AWS Certification
18 12 (0.17%) CCNA
18 12 (0.17%) CEH
19 11 (0.16%) PMI Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,258 (17.81%) QA
2 68 (0.96%) Data Quality
3 34 (0.48%) Disclosure Scotland
4 31 (0.44%) GDPR
5 28 (0.40%) WCAG
6 18 (0.25%) PMO
7 13 (0.18%) PSD2
8 11 (0.16%) WAI
9 10 (0.14%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 10 (0.14%) PCI DSS
10 7 (0.099%) HL7
11 6 (0.085%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.071%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 5 (0.071%) GMP
12 5 (0.071%) MiFID
12 5 (0.071%) SLA
13 4 (0.057%) TickIT
14 3 (0.042%) JTAG
15 2 (0.028%) GxP
15 2 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 20000
System Software
1 874 (12.37%) Docker
2 79 (1.12%) Virtual Machines
3 77 (1.09%) VMware Infrastructure
4 53 (0.75%) Active Directory
5 52 (0.74%) HDFS
6 32 (0.45%) Firmware
7 27 (0.38%) Xen
8 18 (0.25%) Apache ZooKeeper
9 16 (0.23%) Apache Flume
9 16 (0.23%) NFS
10 13 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
11 12 (0.17%) vSphere
12 11 (0.16%) OpenAM
12 11 (0.16%) OpenDJ
12 11 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
13 10 (0.14%) Hyper-V
13 10 (0.14%) Virtual Desktop
14 8 (0.11%) VirtualBox
15 6 (0.085%) oVirt
15 6 (0.085%) RHEV
Systems Management
1 515 (7.29%) Ansible
2 500 (7.08%) Puppet
3 384 (5.44%) Kubernetes
4 324 (4.59%) Opscode Chef
5 210 (2.97%) Terraform
6 151 (2.14%) Kibana
7 125 (1.77%) Grafana
8 99 (1.40%) HP ALM
9 93 (1.32%) HP Quality Center
10 59 (0.84%) ZABBIX
11 55 (0.78%) logstash
12 45 (0.64%) Docker Swarm
12 45 (0.64%) Rancher
13 43 (0.61%) Prometheus
14 42 (0.59%) Salt
15 41 (0.58%) Hadoop YARN
16 36 (0.51%) Mesos
17 34 (0.48%) Nagios
18 31 (0.44%) Packer
19 30 (0.42%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 615 (8.71%) Microsoft
2 572 (8.10%) Oracle
3 272 (3.85%) Google
4 201 (2.85%) Atlassian
5 164 (2.32%) HP
6 134 (1.90%) Splunk
7 98 (1.39%) SAP
8 96 (1.36%) VMware
9 88 (1.25%) Red Hat
10 82 (1.16%) IBM
11 81 (1.15%) Adobe
12 46 (0.65%) hybris
13 45 (0.64%) webMethods
14 42 (0.59%) MuleSoft
15 40 (0.57%) AppDynamics
16 39 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
17 38 (0.54%) Cypress Semiconductor
18 37 (0.52%) Pega
19 36 (0.51%) Twitter
20 35 (0.50%) New Relic