Period
to 14 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 14 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
14 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 27 37 41
Rank change year-on-year +10 +4 +2
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 7,233 5,647 4,947
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.93% 5.48% 4.68%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 8.03% 6.39% 5.50%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,884 3,975 3,257
UK median daily rate £450 £440 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +3.53% +6.25%
10th Percentile £313 £306 £291
90th Percentile £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +3.13% +3.23% +4.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 70 57
UK median hourly rate £41.00 £43.13 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.93% +7.81% +6.67%
10th Percentile £20.94 £17.02 £31.25
90th Percentile £55.51 £50.75 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.00 £43.38 £40.00
% change year-on-year -5.48% +8.44% +6.67%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 90,109 88,342 90,019
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.35% 85.75% 85.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 59,635 58,699 59,322
UK median daily rate £460 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.22% +5.88% +3.03%
10th Percentile £300 £277 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,355 2,130 2,480
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £23.11 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.79% +2.70% +2.27%
10th Percentile £11.25 £11.25 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.50 £49.53 £48.04
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.50 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -10.42% +6.67% -

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 14 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 14 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +13 6,527 £475 +5.56% 1,815
UK excluding London +7 3,878 £413 +3.13% 1,334
London +10 3,278 £500 - 647
South East +12 1,145 £425 +5.59% 331
North of England +10 807 £410 +2.50% 301
Midlands +8 530 £408 +7.24% 172
South West +11 438 £400 +6.67% 177
Scotland +9 387 £375 -1.32% 101
North West +6 371 £425 +3.03% 152
West Midlands +9 345 £425 +6.25% 111
East of England +27 329 £468 +10.00% 188
Yorkshire +1 325 £400 -2.85% 105
Wales +16 200 £400 +6.67% 42
East Midlands +8 183 £375 - 61
North East +18 116 £400 +5.26% 44
Northern Ireland +1 47 £412 -0.12% 23
Channel Islands -7 2 - -

For the 6 months to 14 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,715 (65.19%) Agile Software Development
2 2,941 (40.66%) Java
3 2,463 (34.05%) Selenium
4 1,862 (25.74%) JavaScript
5 1,825 (25.23%) Continuous Integration
6 1,730 (23.92%) Scrum
7 1,701 (23.52%) TDD
8 1,665 (23.02%) Jenkins
9 1,601 (22.13%) Git (software)
10 1,525 (21.08%) BDD
11 1,466 (20.27%) Cucumber
12 1,457 (20.14%) SQL
13 1,431 (19.78%) JIRA
14 1,393 (19.26%) DevOps
15 1,374 (19.00%) C#
16 1,334 (18.44%) QA
17 1,149 (15.89%) Finance
18 1,092 (15.10%) HTML
19 1,033 (14.28%) Python
20 1,032 (14.27%) Microservices
21 1,028 (14.21%) CSS
22 1,022 (14.13%) Amazon AWS
23 993 (13.73%) .NET
24 921 (12.73%) Linux
25 887 (12.26%) Docker
26 856 (11.83%) AngularJS
27 817 (11.30%) Web Services
28 794 (10.98%) REST
29 791 (10.94%) RESTful
30 744 (10.29%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 738 (10.20%) Confluence
2 134 (1.85%) Tomcat
3 130 (1.80%) Apache
4 126 (1.74%) CMS
5 103 (1.42%) Elasticsearch
6 101 (1.40%) WebLogic
7 90 (1.24%) WebSphere
8 77 (1.06%) JBoss
9 72 (1.00%) Apache Spark
9 72 (1.00%) WildFly
10 69 (0.95%) Cloud Foundry
10 69 (0.95%) nginx
11 61 (0.84%) SharePoint
12 47 (0.65%) Mule
13 37 (0.51%) Drupal
13 37 (0.51%) NServiceBus
14 35 (0.48%) Apache Solr
15 32 (0.44%) Jetty
16 30 (0.41%) Oracle SOA Suite
17 29 (0.40%) OpenStack
Applications
1 140 (1.94%) Microsoft Excel
2 79 (1.09%) MS Visio
3 46 (0.64%) Microsoft Office
4 24 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.24%) Photoshop
6 16 (0.22%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 8 (0.11%) Chatbot
8 7 (0.097%) Spreadsheet
9 3 (0.041%) HipChat
10 1 (0.014%) CATIA
10 1 (0.014%) GNU Octave
10 1 (0.014%) Mingle
Business Applications
1 97 (1.34%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.28%) Markit EDM
3 14 (0.19%) Magento
4 11 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
4 11 (0.15%) thinkFolio
5 7 (0.097%) Dynamics AX
5 7 (0.097%) Endur
5 7 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
5 7 (0.097%) SAP Hybris
6 6 (0.083%) BASE24
6 6 (0.083%) Distributed Ledger
7 5 (0.069%) SAP FI
8 4 (0.055%) Dynamics NAV
8 4 (0.055%) ION MarketView
8 4 (0.055%) SAP HR
8 4 (0.055%) SAP S/4HANA
9 3 (0.041%) LatentZero
9 3 (0.041%) Oracle Retail
9 3 (0.041%) SAP Oil and Gas
9 3 (0.041%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 1,022 (14.13%) Amazon AWS
2 673 (9.30%) Microsoft Azure
3 328 (4.53%) GitHub
4 151 (2.09%) Amazon EC2
5 144 (1.99%) BrowserStack
6 112 (1.55%) SaaS
7 111 (1.53%) Serverless
8 107 (1.48%) Google Cloud Platform
9 103 (1.42%) Amazon S3
9 103 (1.42%) PaaS
10 86 (1.19%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 82 (1.13%) Slack
12 75 (1.04%) AWS Lambda
12 75 (1.04%) IaaS
13 73 (1.01%) Sauce Labs
14 68 (0.94%) Google Analytics
15 67 (0.93%) npm
16 64 (0.88%) Cloud Computing
17 59 (0.82%) Dynamics 365
17 59 (0.82%) OpenShift
Communications & Networking
1 328 (4.53%) HTTP
2 170 (2.35%) TCP/IP
3 126 (1.74%) SSL
4 92 (1.27%) DNS
5 75 (1.04%) Internet
6 66 (0.91%) Firewall
7 50 (0.69%) DHCP
8 32 (0.44%) Wireless
9 30 (0.41%) FTP
10 26 (0.36%) AMQP
11 25 (0.35%) IPsec
11 25 (0.35%) VLAN
12 22 (0.30%) VPN
13 21 (0.29%) Skype
14 19 (0.26%) SSH
15 17 (0.24%) HTTPS
16 16 (0.22%) SMS
17 14 (0.19%) Kerberos
18 12 (0.17%) MPLS
18 12 (0.17%) Wi-Fi
Database & Business Intelligence
1 585 (8.09%) SQL Server
2 459 (6.35%) Relational Database
3 390 (5.39%) MongoDB
4 372 (5.14%) NoSQL
5 356 (4.92%) MySQL
6 273 (3.77%) PostgreSQL
7 211 (2.92%) RDBMS
8 198 (2.74%) Big Data
9 147 (2.03%) Apache Cassandra
10 145 (2.00%) Data Warehouse
10 145 (2.00%) Hadoop
11 92 (1.27%) Apache Hive
12 80 (1.11%) Redis
13 72 (1.00%) Amazon RDS
14 66 (0.91%) SQL Server 2016
15 62 (0.86%) Amazon DynamoDB
16 61 (0.84%) Sqoop
17 56 (0.77%) SQL Server Integration Services
18 54 (0.75%) Oracle Database
19 53 (0.73%) DB2
Development Applications
1 2,463 (34.05%) Selenium
2 1,665 (23.02%) Jenkins
3 1,601 (22.13%) Git (software)
4 1,466 (20.27%) Cucumber
5 1,431 (19.78%) JIRA
6 684 (9.46%) WebDriver
7 639 (8.83%) Maven
8 563 (7.78%) JUnit
9 490 (6.77%) JMeter
10 482 (6.66%) SoapUI
11 387 (5.35%) SpecFlow
12 312 (4.31%) Team Foundation Server
13 310 (4.29%) Subversion
14 296 (4.09%) TeamCity
15 264 (3.65%) Visual Studio Team System
16 263 (3.64%) Visual Studio
17 241 (3.33%) Gatling
18 201 (2.78%) Appium
19 190 (2.63%) HP UFT
20 180 (2.49%) Protractor
General
1 1,149 (15.89%) Finance
2 568 (7.85%) Banking
3 224 (3.10%) Retail
4 130 (1.80%) Front Office
5 101 (1.40%) Telecoms
6 91 (1.26%) Games
7 85 (1.18%) Marketing
8 82 (1.13%) Investment Banking
9 61 (0.84%) Back Office
10 59 (0.82%) Manufacturing
11 49 (0.68%) Advertising
12 42 (0.58%) Electronics
13 39 (0.54%) Legal
14 34 (0.47%) Financial Institution
15 31 (0.43%) Publishing
16 30 (0.41%) Law
17 23 (0.32%) Retail Banking
18 17 (0.24%) Automotive
18 17 (0.24%) Billing
19 15 (0.21%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 2,614 (36.14%) Developer
2 1,129 (15.61%) Tester
3 856 (11.83%) Analyst
4 760 (10.51%) Automation Tester
5 726 (10.04%) Java Developer
6 722 (9.98%) Test Analyst
7 617 (8.53%) Test Engineer
8 369 (5.10%) DevOps Engineer
9 345 (4.77%) Test Automation Engineer
10 317 (4.38%) Automation Test Analyst
11 267 (3.69%) Developer in Test
12 262 (3.62%) Senior Developer
13 258 (3.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
14 245 (3.39%) C# Developer
15 233 (3.22%) .NET Developer
16 225 (3.11%) Architect
17 224 (3.10%) Test Manager
18 221 (3.06%) Test Leader
19 213 (2.94%) Software Engineer
20 211 (2.92%) QA Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 1,092 (15.10%) HTML
2 1,028 (14.21%) CSS
3 993 (13.73%) .NET
4 856 (11.83%) AngularJS
5 817 (11.30%) Web Services
6 794 (10.98%) REST
7 791 (10.94%) RESTful
8 721 (9.97%) Node.js
9 650 (8.99%) Spring
10 560 (7.74%) HTML5
11 526 (7.27%) React
12 475 (6.57%) Gherkin
13 474 (6.55%) JSON
14 456 (6.30%) SOAP
15 453 (6.26%) XML
16 333 (4.60%) CSS3
16 333 (4.60%) Hibernate
17 307 (4.24%) Spring Boot
18 299 (4.13%) jQuery
19 269 (3.72%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 415 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
2 360 (4.98%) User Experience
3 302 (4.18%) Greenfield Project
4 275 (3.80%) Computer Science
5 263 (3.64%) Mobile App
6 170 (2.35%) Self-Motivation
7 148 (2.05%) Linux Command Line
8 141 (1.95%) Fintech
9 102 (1.41%) Algorithms
10 97 (1.34%) Data Structures
11 84 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
12 77 (1.06%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 73 (1.01%) Virtual Team
14 68 (0.94%) Data Centre
15 61 (0.84%) Public Cloud
15 61 (0.84%) Wiki
16 58 (0.80%) Fixed Income
17 55 (0.76%) Derivative
18 51 (0.71%) Management Information System
19 48 (0.66%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 921 (12.73%) Linux
2 635 (8.78%) Windows
3 604 (8.35%) Unix
4 218 (3.01%) Android
5 209 (2.89%) Apple iOS
6 116 (1.60%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 101 (1.40%) VMS
8 78 (1.08%) Ubuntu
9 61 (0.84%) Mac OS X
10 55 (0.76%) Windows Server
11 32 (0.44%) CentOS
12 31 (0.43%) AIX
13 30 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
14 28 (0.39%) Windows 7
15 26 (0.36%) Windows Server 2003
16 25 (0.35%) Mac OS
17 16 (0.22%) Solaris
18 15 (0.21%) Windows Server 2012
19 12 (0.17%) Windows 10
20 5 (0.069%) Kali Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,715 (65.19%) Agile Software Development
2 1,825 (25.23%) Continuous Integration
3 1,730 (23.92%) Scrum
4 1,701 (23.52%) TDD
5 1,525 (21.08%) BDD
6 1,393 (19.26%) DevOps
7 1,032 (14.27%) Microservices
8 744 (10.29%) Test Scripting
9 733 (10.13%) OO
10 666 (9.21%) Open Source
11 656 (9.07%) Problem-Solving
12 644 (8.90%) Test Strategy
13 635 (8.78%) Software Engineering
14 602 (8.32%) Kanban
15 574 (7.94%) API Testing
16 553 (7.65%) Continuous Delivery
17 531 (7.34%) SDLC
18 488 (6.75%) Unit Testing
19 486 (6.72%) Regression Testing
20 485 (6.71%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 2,941 (40.66%) Java
2 1,862 (25.74%) JavaScript
3 1,457 (20.14%) SQL
4 1,374 (19.00%) C#
5 1,033 (14.28%) Python
6 412 (5.70%) Ruby
7 401 (5.54%) Java 8
8 296 (4.09%) Groovy
8 296 (4.09%) Scala
9 267 (3.69%) Bash Shell
10 221 (3.06%) Perl
11 205 (2.83%) PowerShell
12 200 (2.77%) PHP
13 186 (2.57%) TypeScript
14 185 (2.56%) C++
15 166 (2.30%) ES6
16 150 (2.07%) C
17 146 (2.02%) Shell Script
18 139 (1.92%) T-SQL
19 100 (1.38%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 620 (8.57%) Security Cleared
2 508 (7.02%) SC Cleared
3 414 (5.72%) ISTQB
4 345 (4.77%) Degree
5 303 (4.19%) ISEB
6 159 (2.20%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 114 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
8 80 (1.11%) Computer Science Degree
9 64 (0.88%) DV Cleared
10 34 (0.47%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 33 (0.46%) ISEB Practitioner
12 29 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
13 28 (0.39%) CISSP
14 27 (0.37%) Master's Degree
15 23 (0.32%) DBS Check
16 18 (0.25%) AWS Certification
17 17 (0.24%) Cisco Certification
18 14 (0.19%) CCNA
19 12 (0.17%) PMP
20 11 (0.15%) CEH
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,334 (18.44%) QA
2 61 (0.84%) Data Quality
3 39 (0.54%) WCAG
4 28 (0.39%) PMO
5 22 (0.30%) GDPR
6 19 (0.26%) Disclosure Scotland
7 17 (0.24%) SLA
8 14 (0.19%) WAI
9 12 (0.17%) PSD2
10 9 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 9 (0.12%) PCI DSS
11 6 (0.083%) ISO 9001
12 5 (0.069%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 5 (0.069%) GMP
13 4 (0.055%) HL7
13 4 (0.055%) TickIT
14 3 (0.041%) MiFID
15 2 (0.028%) GxP
15 2 (0.028%) ISO/IEC 20000
16 1 (0.014%) Solvency II
System Software
1 887 (12.26%) Docker
2 88 (1.22%) VMware Infrastructure
3 68 (0.94%) HDFS
4 64 (0.88%) Virtual Machines
5 62 (0.86%) Active Directory
6 26 (0.36%) Hyper-V
7 25 (0.35%) VMware ESXi
8 23 (0.32%) Firmware
8 23 (0.32%) Xen
9 22 (0.30%) Virtual Desktop
10 21 (0.29%) vSphere
11 16 (0.22%) Apache ZooKeeper
12 15 (0.21%) NFS
13 13 (0.18%) oVirt
13 13 (0.18%) RHEV
14 12 (0.17%) VirtualBox
15 11 (0.15%) OpenAM
15 11 (0.15%) OpenDJ
15 11 (0.15%) Virtual Servers
16 9 (0.12%) Apache Flume
Systems Management
1 497 (6.87%) Puppet
2 491 (6.79%) Ansible
3 399 (5.52%) Kubernetes
4 314 (4.34%) Opscode Chef
5 206 (2.85%) Terraform
6 134 (1.85%) Kibana
7 122 (1.69%) Grafana
8 102 (1.41%) HP Quality Center
9 93 (1.29%) HP ALM
10 54 (0.75%) Hadoop YARN
10 54 (0.75%) logstash
11 49 (0.68%) ZABBIX
12 43 (0.59%) Prometheus
13 38 (0.53%) Nagios
13 38 (0.53%) Packer
14 35 (0.48%) Mesos
14 35 (0.48%) Rancher
15 34 (0.47%) Docker Swarm
16 28 (0.39%) Salt
17 26 (0.36%) Graphite
Vendors
1 614 (8.49%) Oracle
2 610 (8.43%) Microsoft
3 262 (3.62%) Google
4 187 (2.59%) Atlassian
5 169 (2.34%) HP
6 120 (1.66%) VMware
7 112 (1.55%) Splunk
8 94 (1.30%) IBM
9 86 (1.19%) SAP
10 80 (1.11%) Red Hat
11 78 (1.08%) Adobe
12 57 (0.79%) webMethods
12 57 (0.79%) Zend
13 53 (0.73%) Cloudera
14 51 (0.71%) New Relic
14 51 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
15 49 (0.68%) MuleSoft
16 44 (0.61%) Twitter
17 42 (0.58%) AppDynamics
17 42 (0.58%) TIBCO