Period
to 23 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
23 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 36 39 41
Rank change year-on-year +3 +2 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5648 4941 4822
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.48% 4.69% 4.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.49% 5.59% 5.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 3995 3249 3303
UK median daily rate £446 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.94% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £306 £292 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £365
% change year-on-year +3.23% +6.16% +4.29%
Number of hourly rates quoted 68 57 86
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.93 £31.25 £27.50
90th Percentile £50.76 £59.31 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.25 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +8.13% +6.67% +14.50%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87085 88317 92969
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.46% 83.90% 81.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 58028 58368 60222
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £415
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +2.41% +3.75%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £631 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2061 2366 2748
UK median hourly rate £23.75 £23.89 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -0.58% +6.17% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.25 £11.28
90th Percentile £50.00 £48.75 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.00 £23.75
% change year-on-year - +1.05% +18.75%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 23 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 23 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5111 £450 +5.88% 895
UK excluding London +4 2887 £400 +3.23% 570
London +7 2701 £500 +11.11% 372
South East +1 874 £413 +5.77% 140
North of England +6 635 £400 - 169
Midlands +3 390 £389 +3.67% 82
North West +11 298 £400 - 89
South West +7 281 £375 - 55
Yorkshire +16 279 £413 +3.00% 66
Scotland +7 259 £380 +8.57% 30
East of England -5 232 £425 +3.03% 76
West Midlands +3 223 £400 +7.74% 44
East Midlands +9 164 £375 -4.76% 36
Northern Ireland +30 147 £413 +43.48% 4
Wales -7 76 £375 -15.73% 14
North East +6 66 £413 +21.32% 14
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 23 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3644 (64.52%) Agile Software Development
2 2470 (43.73%) Java
3 1640 (29.04%) TDD
4 1547 (27.39%) Continuous Integration
5 1458 (25.81%) Selenium
6 1423 (25.19%) Scrum
7 1420 (25.14%) JavaScript
8 1369 (24.24%) Git (software)
9 1305 (23.11%) BDD
10 1228 (21.74%) Jenkins
11 1120 (19.83%) QA
12 1110 (19.65%) SQL
13 1102 (19.51%) Finance
14 1049 (18.57%) JIRA
15 1002 (17.74%) Cucumber
16 929 (16.45%) HTML
17 925 (16.38%) C#
18 860 (15.23%) Banking
19 856 (15.16%) DevOps
20 836 (14.80%) Linux
21 819 (14.50%) CSS
22 771 (13.65%) Web Services
23 762 (13.49%) Python
24 745 (13.19%) REST
25 631 (11.17%) .NET
26 626 (11.08%) OO
27 606 (10.73%) AngularJS
28 605 (10.71%) Amazon AWS
29 583 (10.32%) Software Engineering
30 560 (9.92%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 469 (8.30%) Confluence
2 145 (2.57%) Apache
3 136 (2.41%) Tomcat
4 128 (2.27%) JBoss
5 97 (1.72%) CMS
6 93 (1.65%) WebSphere
7 88 (1.56%) Elasticsearch
8 77 (1.36%) Apache Spark
8 77 (1.36%) WebLogic
9 65 (1.15%) SharePoint
10 61 (1.08%) WildFly
11 60 (1.06%) nginx
12 59 (1.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 34 (0.60%) Drupal
14 29 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 29 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
14 29 (0.51%) IIS
15 28 (0.50%) OpenStack
16 24 (0.42%) Mule
17 23 (0.41%) Jetty
Applications
1 73 (1.29%) Microsoft Excel
2 44 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.57%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 10 (0.18%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.11%) Mingle
9 6 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
9 6 (0.11%) Simulink
10 2 (0.035%) GIMP
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.018%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.018%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.018%) HipChat
11 1 (0.018%) InVision
Business Applications
1 37 (0.66%) Dynamics CRM
2 32 (0.57%) Magento
3 19 (0.34%) ION MarketView
4 18 (0.32%) Markit EDM
5 13 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.18%) Bloomberg TOMS
8 7 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.11%) RMDS
10 5 (0.089%) Endur
11 4 (0.071%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.053%) IntelliMatch
12 3 (0.053%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.053%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.053%) Oracle Applications
12 3 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.053%) SunGard Martini
12 3 (0.053%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.035%) Remedy ITSM
Cloud Services
1 605 (10.71%) Amazon AWS
2 323 (5.72%) Microsoft Azure
3 181 (3.20%) GitHub
4 109 (1.93%) npm
5 80 (1.42%) PaaS
6 77 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
7 73 (1.29%) SaaS
7 73 (1.29%) Slack
8 69 (1.22%) IaaS
9 57 (1.01%) Serverless
10 44 (0.78%) Amazon S3
11 43 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
12 41 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
12 41 (0.73%) OpenShift
13 38 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
14 37 (0.66%) AWS CloudFormation
15 36 (0.64%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 35 (0.62%) Sauce Labs
17 34 (0.60%) BrowserStack
18 22 (0.39%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 300 (5.31%) HTTP
2 137 (2.43%) TCP/IP
3 102 (1.81%) Internet
4 75 (1.33%) SSL
5 53 (0.94%) Wireless
6 47 (0.83%) DNS
7 39 (0.69%) SMS
8 28 (0.50%) Bluetooth
8 28 (0.50%) Firewall
9 21 (0.37%) Network Security
10 20 (0.35%) LTE
11 17 (0.30%) PuTTY
11 17 (0.30%) WinSCP
12 15 (0.27%) 4G
12 15 (0.27%) VLAN
12 15 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
13 13 (0.23%) VPN
14 12 (0.21%) AMQP
15 11 (0.19%) FTP
15 11 (0.19%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 467 (8.27%) Relational Database
2 397 (7.03%) SQL Server
3 385 (6.82%) MongoDB
4 354 (6.27%) NoSQL
5 229 (4.05%) MySQL
6 227 (4.02%) RDBMS
7 195 (3.45%) PostgreSQL
8 193 (3.42%) Big Data
9 144 (2.55%) Hadoop
10 128 (2.27%) Redis
11 82 (1.45%) Apache Cassandra
12 75 (1.33%) Oracle Database
13 68 (1.20%) DB2
14 65 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
15 50 (0.89%) SQL Server 2012
16 43 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 42 (0.74%) Apache Hive
18 37 (0.66%) SQL Server 2016
19 33 (0.58%) Amazon RDS
19 33 (0.58%) SQL Server 2008
Development Applications
1 1458 (25.81%) Selenium
2 1369 (24.24%) Git (software)
3 1228 (21.74%) Jenkins
4 1049 (18.57%) JIRA
5 1002 (17.74%) Cucumber
6 529 (9.37%) WebDriver
7 527 (9.33%) JUnit
8 438 (7.75%) Maven
9 419 (7.42%) Subversion
10 276 (4.89%) SoapUI
11 254 (4.50%) SpecFlow
12 245 (4.34%) JMeter
13 241 (4.27%) TeamCity
14 206 (3.65%) Visual Studio
15 203 (3.59%) Jasmine
16 200 (3.54%) Team Foundation Server
17 173 (3.06%) Appium
18 169 (2.99%) gulp
19 166 (2.94%) Protractor
20 161 (2.85%) Grunt
General
1 1102 (19.51%) Finance
2 860 (15.23%) Banking
3 303 (5.36%) Investment Banking
4 227 (4.02%) Retail
5 161 (2.85%) Telecoms
6 151 (2.67%) Games
7 146 (2.58%) Front Office
8 110 (1.95%) Marketing
9 63 (1.12%) Manufacturing
10 56 (0.99%) Financial Institution
11 51 (0.90%) Retail Banking
12 47 (0.83%) Back Office
13 46 (0.81%) Electronics
14 33 (0.58%) Law
14 33 (0.58%) Publishing
15 32 (0.57%) Legal
16 24 (0.42%) Advertising
17 23 (0.41%) Billing
18 20 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
19 19 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2234 (39.55%) Developer
2 840 (14.87%) Java Developer
3 802 (14.20%) Tester
4 783 (13.86%) Analyst
5 633 (11.21%) Test Analyst
6 519 (9.19%) Automation Tester
7 377 (6.67%) Test Engineer
8 345 (6.11%) Senior Developer
9 294 (5.21%) Automation Test Analyst
10 258 (4.57%) DevOps Engineer
11 237 (4.20%) C# Developer
12 220 (3.90%) JavaScript Developer
13 214 (3.79%) Developer in Test
14 212 (3.75%) .NET Developer
15 208 (3.68%) Agile Developer
16 198 (3.51%) Test Automation Engineer
17 169 (2.99%) QA Engineer
18 167 (2.96%) Senior Java Developer
19 164 (2.90%) Software Engineer
20 156 (2.76%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 929 (16.45%) HTML
2 819 (14.50%) CSS
3 771 (13.65%) Web Services
4 745 (13.19%) REST
5 631 (11.17%) .NET
6 606 (10.73%) AngularJS
7 548 (9.70%) RESTful
8 524 (9.28%) Spring
9 522 (9.24%) HTML5
10 476 (8.43%) JSON
11 439 (7.77%) Node.js
12 359 (6.36%) React
13 350 (6.20%) SOAP
14 324 (5.74%) XML
15 310 (5.49%) Gherkin
16 286 (5.06%) CSS3
17 271 (4.80%) Hibernate
18 236 (4.18%) jQuery
19 196 (3.47%) Ajax
20 185 (3.28%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 324 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
2 271 (4.80%) Mobile App
3 250 (4.43%) Computer Science
4 207 (3.67%) User Experience
5 204 (3.61%) Data Structures
6 164 (2.90%) Greenfield Project
7 141 (2.50%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 94 (1.66%) Virtual Team
9 91 (1.61%) Fintech
10 86 (1.52%) Algorithms
11 82 (1.45%) Linux Command Line
12 76 (1.35%) Equities
13 71 (1.26%) Derivative
14 70 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
15 62 (1.10%) Fixed Income
16 53 (0.94%) N-Tier
17 52 (0.92%) Public Cloud
18 43 (0.76%) Management Information System
19 37 (0.66%) STB
20 30 (0.53%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 836 (14.80%) Linux
2 455 (8.06%) Unix
3 389 (6.89%) Windows
4 227 (4.02%) Android
5 212 (3.75%) Apple iOS
6 174 (3.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 109 (1.93%) Mac OS X
8 63 (1.12%) VMS
9 50 (0.89%) Windows Server
10 37 (0.66%) CentOS
11 34 (0.60%) Windows Server 2012
12 27 (0.48%) Ubuntu
13 23 (0.41%) Solaris
14 19 (0.34%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.18%) HPUX
17 9 (0.16%) AIX
18 8 (0.14%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
20 6 (0.11%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3644 (64.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1640 (29.04%) TDD
3 1547 (27.39%) Continuous Integration
4 1423 (25.19%) Scrum
5 1305 (23.11%) BDD
6 856 (15.16%) DevOps
7 626 (11.08%) OO
8 583 (10.32%) Software Engineering
9 560 (9.92%) Kanban
10 559 (9.90%) Test Scripting
11 503 (8.91%) Continuous Delivery
12 501 (8.87%) Open Source
13 488 (8.64%) Unit Testing
14 482 (8.53%) SDLC
15 428 (7.58%) Test Strategy
16 425 (7.52%) Microservices
17 414 (7.33%) Configuration Management
18 397 (7.03%) Mentoring
19 378 (6.69%) Functional Testing
20 367 (6.50%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 2470 (43.73%) Java
2 1420 (25.14%) JavaScript
3 1110 (19.65%) SQL
4 925 (16.38%) C#
5 762 (13.49%) Python
6 436 (7.72%) Ruby
7 266 (4.71%) Scala
8 198 (3.51%) C++
9 193 (3.42%) Groovy
10 167 (2.96%) ES6
11 148 (2.62%) Bash Shell
12 135 (2.39%) Perl
13 134 (2.37%) PHP
14 124 (2.20%) C
15 114 (2.02%) Apple Swift
16 112 (1.98%) PowerShell
17 104 (1.84%) Shell Script
18 103 (1.82%) TypeScript
19 79 (1.40%) T-SQL
20 70 (1.24%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 403 (7.14%) Security Cleared
2 373 (6.60%) Degree
3 278 (4.92%) SC Cleared
4 244 (4.32%) ISTQB
5 241 (4.27%) ISEB
6 108 (1.91%) Computer Science Degree
7 102 (1.81%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 76 (1.35%) BPSS Clearance
9 41 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.35%) PMP
12 17 (0.30%) Master's Degree
12 17 (0.30%) PMI Certification
13 14 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
14 9 (0.16%) MCSE
15 8 (0.14%) CHECK Team Member
15 8 (0.14%) CISSP
15 8 (0.14%) ISEB Practitioner
16 6 (0.11%) BC Cleared
16 6 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1120 (19.83%) QA
2 56 (0.99%) MiFID
3 47 (0.83%) WCAG
4 31 (0.55%) Disclosure Scotland
5 24 (0.42%) Data Quality
5 24 (0.42%) PCI DSS
6 14 (0.25%) GDPR
7 12 (0.21%) EMIR
7 12 (0.21%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 10 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
9 9 (0.16%) WAI
10 8 (0.14%) SLA
11 6 (0.11%) GCP
11 6 (0.11%) ISO 26262
12 5 (0.089%) PMO
13 3 (0.053%) AIFMD
13 3 (0.053%) DO-178B
13 3 (0.053%) IFRS
13 3 (0.053%) IFRS 9
13 3 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 455 (8.06%) Docker
2 34 (0.60%) Active Directory
2 34 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (0.37%) vSphere
4 16 (0.28%) Firmware
5 15 (0.27%) Virtual Machines
6 14 (0.25%) HDFS
7 12 (0.21%) VirtualBox
8 11 (0.19%) Apache Flume
8 11 (0.19%) iptables
9 10 (0.18%) Hyper-V
9 10 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
10 8 (0.14%) oVirt
10 8 (0.14%) RHEV
10 8 (0.14%) Xen
11 7 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
12 3 (0.053%) LXC
13 2 (0.035%) OpenAM
13 2 (0.035%) Virtual Desktop
13 2 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 325 (5.75%) Puppet
2 271 (4.80%) Ansible
3 211 (3.74%) Opscode Chef
4 190 (3.36%) HP Quality Center
5 139 (2.46%) Kubernetes
6 113 (2.00%) Terraform
7 67 (1.19%) Kibana
8 45 (0.80%) Grafana
9 38 (0.67%) logstash
10 35 (0.62%) Salt
11 24 (0.42%) Prometheus
12 23 (0.41%) Rancher
13 19 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
14 17 (0.30%) StatsD
15 15 (0.27%) Nagios
16 14 (0.25%) Packer
16 14 (0.25%) ZABBIX
17 13 (0.23%) Mesos
17 13 (0.23%) SCCM
18 12 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
Vendors
1 414 (7.33%) Oracle
2 384 (6.80%) Microsoft
3 238 (4.21%) HP
4 132 (2.34%) Google
5 111 (1.97%) Red Hat
6 109 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
7 106 (1.88%) Atlassian
8 87 (1.54%) IBM
9 79 (1.40%) SAP
10 78 (1.38%) Perforce
11 72 (1.27%) Splunk
12 69 (1.22%) New Relic
13 68 (1.20%) VMware
14 59 (1.04%) Sybase
15 57 (1.01%) hybris
16 38 (0.67%) Xamarin
17 35 (0.62%) Adobe
18 32 (0.57%) AppDynamics
19 31 (0.55%) WSO2
20 29 (0.51%) Twitter