Period
to 19 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
19 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 35 40 42
Rank change year-on-year +5 +2 +12
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5599 4899 4858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.52% 4.67% 4.24%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.53% 5.57% 5.18%
Number of daily rates quoted 3945 3222 3330
UK median daily rate £440 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £306 £293 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £370
% change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 56 86
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +10.29%
10th Percentile £16.98 £31.25 £27.50
90th Percentile £50.76 £59.31 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +8.75% +6.67% +13.64%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85705 87976 93705
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.52% 83.91% 81.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 57093 58207 60721
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2022 2335 2744
UK median hourly rate £23.32 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.83% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.35 £11.32 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.37 £23.75
% change year-on-year -1.50% +2.59% +18.75%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 19 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5059 £450 +5.88% 583
UK excluding London +4 2875 £400 +2.56% 394
London +9 2660 £500 +11.11% 224
South East +1 868 £410 +5.13% 97
North of England +6 630 £400 - 136
Midlands +5 382 £380 +1.33% 56
North West +8 289 £400 - 70
South West +6 289 £375 - 20
Yorkshire +16 283 £413 +3.00% 56
Scotland +7 262 £380 +8.57% 20
East of England -5 230 £425 +1.49% 50
West Midlands 0 214 £400 +10.34% 24
East Midlands +12 165 £375 -6.25% 31
Northern Ireland +30 147 £413 +43.48% 3
Wales -7 73 £375 -15.73% 12
North East +18 66 £413 +24.06% 10
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 19 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3621 (64.67%) Agile Software Development
2 2470 (44.12%) Java
3 1616 (28.86%) TDD
4 1532 (27.36%) Continuous Integration
5 1435 (25.63%) Selenium
6 1418 (25.33%) Scrum
7 1398 (24.97%) JavaScript
8 1353 (24.17%) Git (software)
9 1284 (22.93%) BDD
10 1219 (21.77%) Jenkins
11 1116 (19.93%) QA
12 1092 (19.50%) SQL
13 1087 (19.41%) Finance
14 1041 (18.59%) JIRA
15 982 (17.54%) Cucumber
16 932 (16.65%) HTML
17 912 (16.29%) C#
18 852 (15.22%) Banking
19 838 (14.97%) DevOps
20 836 (14.93%) Linux
21 818 (14.61%) CSS
22 768 (13.72%) Web Services
23 764 (13.65%) Python
24 739 (13.20%) REST
25 627 (11.20%) OO
26 622 (11.11%) .NET
27 595 (10.63%) AngularJS
28 594 (10.61%) Amazon AWS
29 577 (10.31%) Software Engineering
30 562 (10.04%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 469 (8.38%) Confluence
2 138 (2.46%) Apache
3 131 (2.34%) Tomcat
4 118 (2.11%) JBoss
5 100 (1.79%) CMS
6 93 (1.66%) WebSphere
7 86 (1.54%) Elasticsearch
8 78 (1.39%) Apache Spark
9 77 (1.38%) WebLogic
10 64 (1.14%) SharePoint
11 61 (1.09%) nginx
12 58 (1.04%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 57 (1.02%) WildFly
14 33 (0.59%) Drupal
15 29 (0.52%) OpenStack
16 28 (0.50%) Adobe Experience Manager
16 28 (0.50%) Cloud Foundry
17 24 (0.43%) IIS
17 24 (0.43%) Jetty
17 24 (0.43%) Mule
Applications
1 69 (1.23%) Microsoft Excel
2 43 (0.77%) Microsoft Office
3 31 (0.55%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.27%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 8 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 7 (0.13%) Spreadsheet
9 6 (0.11%) Mingle
9 6 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
9 6 (0.11%) Simulink
10 2 (0.036%) GIMP
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.018%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.018%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.018%) HipChat
11 1 (0.018%) InVision
Business Applications
1 34 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
2 29 (0.52%) Magento
3 19 (0.34%) ION MarketView
4 18 (0.32%) Markit EDM
5 13 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.18%) Bloomberg TOMS
8 7 (0.13%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.11%) RMDS
10 5 (0.089%) Endur
10 5 (0.089%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.071%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.054%) IntelliMatch
12 3 (0.054%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.054%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.054%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.054%) SunGard Martini
12 3 (0.054%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.036%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 594 (10.61%) Amazon AWS
2 318 (5.68%) Microsoft Azure
3 178 (3.18%) GitHub
4 105 (1.88%) npm
5 78 (1.39%) PaaS
6 76 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
7 73 (1.30%) SaaS
8 70 (1.25%) Slack
9 69 (1.23%) IaaS
10 56 (1.00%) Serverless
11 43 (0.77%) Amazon S3
11 43 (0.77%) Google Cloud Platform
12 39 (0.70%) Cloud Computing
12 39 (0.70%) OpenShift
13 37 (0.66%) AWS Lambda
14 35 (0.63%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 33 (0.59%) Sauce Labs
16 32 (0.57%) AWS CloudFormation
17 29 (0.52%) BrowserStack
18 22 (0.39%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 303 (5.41%) HTTP
2 136 (2.43%) TCP/IP
3 103 (1.84%) Internet
4 74 (1.32%) SSL
5 53 (0.95%) Wireless
6 47 (0.84%) DNS
7 38 (0.68%) SMS
8 28 (0.50%) Bluetooth
8 28 (0.50%) Firewall
9 21 (0.38%) Network Security
10 20 (0.36%) LTE
10 20 (0.36%) PuTTY
10 20 (0.36%) WinSCP
11 15 (0.27%) 4G
11 15 (0.27%) Wi-Fi
12 14 (0.25%) VLAN
13 13 (0.23%) VPN
14 12 (0.21%) AMQP
15 11 (0.20%) FTP
15 11 (0.20%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 462 (8.25%) Relational Database
2 388 (6.93%) SQL Server
3 377 (6.73%) MongoDB
4 346 (6.18%) NoSQL
5 225 (4.02%) MySQL
6 218 (3.89%) RDBMS
7 191 (3.41%) Big Data
8 187 (3.34%) PostgreSQL
9 142 (2.54%) Hadoop
10 123 (2.20%) Redis
11 77 (1.38%) Apache Cassandra
11 77 (1.38%) Oracle Database
12 67 (1.20%) DB2
13 66 (1.18%) Data Warehouse
14 51 (0.91%) SQL Server 2012
15 43 (0.77%) Apache Hive
16 42 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 35 (0.63%) SQL Server 2008
18 34 (0.61%) SQL Server 2016
19 33 (0.59%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1435 (25.63%) Selenium
2 1353 (24.17%) Git (software)
3 1219 (21.77%) Jenkins
4 1041 (18.59%) JIRA
5 982 (17.54%) Cucumber
6 521 (9.31%) WebDriver
7 518 (9.25%) JUnit
8 426 (7.61%) Maven
9 412 (7.36%) Subversion
10 274 (4.89%) SoapUI
11 250 (4.47%) SpecFlow
12 236 (4.22%) TeamCity
13 229 (4.09%) JMeter
14 201 (3.59%) Team Foundation Server
14 201 (3.59%) Visual Studio
15 196 (3.50%) Jasmine
16 168 (3.00%) Appium
17 166 (2.96%) gulp
18 163 (2.91%) Protractor
19 159 (2.84%) Grunt
General
1 1087 (19.41%) Finance
2 852 (15.22%) Banking
3 304 (5.43%) Investment Banking
4 218 (3.89%) Retail
5 160 (2.86%) Telecoms
6 146 (2.61%) Front Office
6 146 (2.61%) Games
7 112 (2.00%) Marketing
8 62 (1.11%) Manufacturing
9 55 (0.98%) Financial Institution
10 52 (0.93%) Retail Banking
11 46 (0.82%) Back Office
11 46 (0.82%) Electronics
12 34 (0.61%) Law
13 32 (0.57%) Publishing
14 31 (0.55%) Legal
15 23 (0.41%) Advertising
15 23 (0.41%) Billing
16 19 (0.34%) Automotive
16 19 (0.34%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2221 (39.67%) Developer
2 839 (14.98%) Java Developer
3 795 (14.20%) Tester
4 784 (14.00%) Analyst
5 636 (11.36%) Test Analyst
6 519 (9.27%) Automation Tester
7 376 (6.72%) Test Engineer
8 344 (6.14%) Senior Developer
9 295 (5.27%) Automation Test Analyst
10 248 (4.43%) DevOps Engineer
11 227 (4.05%) C# Developer
12 212 (3.79%) JavaScript Developer
13 209 (3.73%) .NET Developer
13 209 (3.73%) Developer in Test
14 206 (3.68%) Agile Developer
15 197 (3.52%) Test Automation Engineer
16 170 (3.04%) QA Engineer
17 168 (3.00%) Senior Java Developer
18 160 (2.86%) Software Engineer
19 154 (2.75%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 932 (16.65%) HTML
2 818 (14.61%) CSS
3 768 (13.72%) Web Services
4 739 (13.20%) REST
5 622 (11.11%) .NET
6 595 (10.63%) AngularJS
7 543 (9.70%) RESTful
8 526 (9.39%) HTML5
9 521 (9.31%) Spring
10 466 (8.32%) JSON
11 430 (7.68%) Node.js
12 354 (6.32%) React
13 351 (6.27%) SOAP
14 326 (5.82%) XML
15 301 (5.38%) Gherkin
16 292 (5.22%) CSS3
17 269 (4.80%) Hibernate
18 231 (4.13%) jQuery
19 197 (3.52%) Ajax
20 178 (3.18%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 320 (5.72%) Analytical Skills
2 268 (4.79%) Mobile App
3 248 (4.43%) Computer Science
4 207 (3.70%) Data Structures
5 206 (3.68%) User Experience
6 160 (2.86%) Greenfield Project
7 144 (2.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 94 (1.68%) Virtual Team
9 87 (1.55%) Algorithms
10 86 (1.54%) Fintech
11 78 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
12 77 (1.38%) Equities
13 70 (1.25%) Derivative
14 65 (1.16%) Enterprise Software
15 60 (1.07%) Fixed Income
16 54 (0.96%) N-Tier
17 52 (0.93%) Public Cloud
18 43 (0.77%) Management Information System
19 39 (0.70%) STB
20 30 (0.54%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 836 (14.93%) Linux
2 442 (7.89%) Unix
3 380 (6.79%) Windows
4 223 (3.98%) Android
5 208 (3.71%) Apple iOS
6 175 (3.13%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 107 (1.91%) Mac OS X
8 60 (1.07%) VMS
9 53 (0.95%) Windows Server
10 38 (0.68%) CentOS
11 37 (0.66%) Windows Server 2012
12 26 (0.46%) Ubuntu
13 21 (0.38%) Solaris
14 19 (0.34%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.27%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.18%) HPUX
17 9 (0.16%) AIX
18 8 (0.14%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.13%) Windows Server 2008
20 6 (0.11%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3621 (64.67%) Agile Software Development
2 1616 (28.86%) TDD
3 1532 (27.36%) Continuous Integration
4 1418 (25.33%) Scrum
5 1284 (22.93%) BDD
6 838 (14.97%) DevOps
7 627 (11.20%) OO
8 577 (10.31%) Software Engineering
9 562 (10.04%) Test Scripting
10 548 (9.79%) Kanban
11 498 (8.89%) Open Source
12 496 (8.86%) Continuous Delivery
13 484 (8.64%) Unit Testing
14 482 (8.61%) SDLC
15 436 (7.79%) Test Strategy
16 415 (7.41%) Configuration Management
17 414 (7.39%) Microservices
18 395 (7.05%) Mentoring
19 376 (6.72%) Functional Testing
20 374 (6.68%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 2470 (44.12%) Java
2 1398 (24.97%) JavaScript
3 1092 (19.50%) SQL
4 912 (16.29%) C#
5 764 (13.65%) Python
6 436 (7.79%) Ruby
7 269 (4.80%) Scala
8 195 (3.48%) C++
9 193 (3.45%) Groovy
10 161 (2.88%) ES6
11 152 (2.71%) Bash Shell
12 134 (2.39%) PHP
13 132 (2.36%) Perl
14 123 (2.20%) C
15 113 (2.02%) Apple Swift
16 110 (1.96%) PowerShell
17 101 (1.80%) TypeScript
18 100 (1.79%) Shell Script
19 79 (1.41%) T-SQL
20 69 (1.23%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 404 (7.22%) Security Cleared
2 370 (6.61%) Degree
3 278 (4.97%) SC Cleared
4 248 (4.43%) ISTQB
5 247 (4.41%) ISEB
6 105 (1.88%) Computer Science Degree
7 104 (1.86%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 76 (1.36%) BPSS Clearance
9 41 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
11 19 (0.34%) PMP
12 17 (0.30%) Master's Degree
13 16 (0.29%) PMI Certification
14 14 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
15 11 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
16 9 (0.16%) MCSE
17 8 (0.14%) CHECK Team Member
17 8 (0.14%) CISSP
18 6 (0.11%) BC Cleared
18 6 (0.11%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1116 (19.93%) QA
2 57 (1.02%) MiFID
3 46 (0.82%) WCAG
4 32 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
5 25 (0.45%) Data Quality
6 23 (0.41%) PCI DSS
7 14 (0.25%) GDPR
8 12 (0.21%) EMIR
9 11 (0.20%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 10 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
11 8 (0.14%) SLA
11 8 (0.14%) WAI
12 6 (0.11%) GCP
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 26262
13 4 (0.071%) PMO
14 3 (0.054%) AIFMD
14 3 (0.054%) DO-178B
14 3 (0.054%) IFRS
14 3 (0.054%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.054%) SEPA
System Software
1 449 (8.02%) Docker
2 36 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 33 (0.59%) Active Directory
4 24 (0.43%) vSphere
5 18 (0.32%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.29%) Firmware
7 15 (0.27%) HDFS
8 12 (0.21%) VirtualBox
9 11 (0.20%) Apache Flume
9 11 (0.20%) iptables
10 10 (0.18%) Hyper-V
10 10 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
11 9 (0.16%) Xen
12 8 (0.14%) oVirt
12 8 (0.14%) RHEV
13 7 (0.13%) VMware Workstation
14 3 (0.054%) LXC
15 2 (0.036%) OpenAM
15 2 (0.036%) Virtual Desktop
16 1 (0.018%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 315 (5.63%) Puppet
2 264 (4.72%) Ansible
3 205 (3.66%) Opscode Chef
4 190 (3.39%) HP Quality Center
5 139 (2.48%) Kubernetes
6 112 (2.00%) Terraform
7 65 (1.16%) Kibana
8 43 (0.77%) Grafana
9 35 (0.63%) Salt
10 33 (0.59%) logstash
11 24 (0.43%) Rancher
12 23 (0.41%) Prometheus
13 19 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
14 16 (0.29%) StatsD
15 14 (0.25%) Packer
16 13 (0.23%) Mesos
16 13 (0.23%) SCCM
16 13 (0.23%) ZABBIX
17 12 (0.21%) Consul
17 12 (0.21%) Oozie
Vendors
1 409 (7.30%) Oracle
2 378 (6.75%) Microsoft
3 243 (4.34%) HP
4 135 (2.41%) Google
5 111 (1.98%) Red Hat
6 108 (1.93%) Salesforce.com
7 107 (1.91%) Atlassian
8 79 (1.41%) IBM
8 79 (1.41%) SAP
9 77 (1.38%) Perforce
10 71 (1.27%) VMware
11 70 (1.25%) New Relic
12 65 (1.16%) Splunk
13 60 (1.07%) Sybase
14 57 (1.02%) hybris
15 37 (0.66%) Xamarin
16 34 (0.61%) Adobe
17 32 (0.57%) AppDynamics
18 31 (0.55%) WSO2
19 28 (0.50%) Twitter