Period
to 24 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
24 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 34 34 35
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +5
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5,301 6,037 4,941
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.83% 6.02% 5.39%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.71% 6.95% 6.30%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,474 4,114 3,332
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +1.48%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £299
90th Percentile £606 £600 £588
UK excluding London median daily rate £435 £403 £380
% change year-on-year +8.07% +5.92% +1.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 66 45
UK median hourly rate £36.50 £41.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.98% +9.33% -10.71%
10th Percentile £19.25 £15.54 £28.00
90th Percentile £47.19 £73.13 £71.60
UK excluding London median hourly rate £41.25 £40.38 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.17% +7.67% -10.71%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 79,050 86,805 78,400
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.98% 86.58% 85.58%
Number of daily rates quoted 51,957 57,236 51,265
UK median daily rate £475 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.56% +2.86% +2.94%
10th Percentile £305 £300 £275
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £420 £400
% change year-on-year +4.17% +5.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,190 2,354 2,104
UK median hourly rate £25.00 £21.51 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.21% -13.95% -
10th Percentile £11.85 £11.17 £11.48
90th Percentile £52.50 £50.00 £52.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £20.00 £25.00
% change year-on-year +20.00% -20.00% -7.41%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 June 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 24 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 4,924 £475 +5.56% 707
UK excluding London -4 2,756 £435 +8.07% 542
London +6 2,484 £500 - 223
South East +1 862 £450 +5.88% 125
North of England +2 759 £430 +7.50% 120
South West -10 333 £438 +12.90% 85
North West +16 316 £425 +6.25% 69
Yorkshire -5 310 £475 +18.75% 39
Midlands -10 293 £400 -3.03% 80
Scotland -3 231 £400 +6.67% 38
East of England -9 186 £475 +5.56% 75
West Midlands -17 174 £438 +2.94% 52
North East +31 132 £388 +0.65% 12
East Midlands -7 108 £355 -6.58% 28
Wales -20 79 £428 +6.88% 18
Channel Islands - 13 - -
Northern Ireland -26 6 £430 -0.35% 2

For the 6 months to 24 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,280 (61.88%) Agile Software Development
2 2,004 (37.80%) Java
3 1,580 (29.81%) Selenium
4 1,330 (25.09%) JavaScript
5 1,308 (24.67%) DevOps
6 1,265 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
7 1,261 (23.79%) TDD
8 1,230 (23.20%) Jenkins
9 1,188 (22.41%) Scrum
10 1,118 (21.09%) Git (software)
11 1,087 (20.51%) BDD
12 1,048 (19.77%) SQL
13 989 (18.66%) QA
14 980 (18.49%) Cucumber
15 960 (18.11%) JIRA
16 955 (18.02%) C#
17 943 (17.79%) Python
18 844 (15.92%) Finance
19 829 (15.64%) Amazon AWS
20 825 (15.56%) Microsoft Azure
21 799 (15.07%) Microservices
22 792 (14.94%) Linux
23 758 (14.30%) HTML
24 706 (13.32%) CSS
25 670 (12.64%) .NET
26 659 (12.43%) Docker
27 652 (12.30%) Web Services
28 565 (10.66%) REST
29 561 (10.58%) RESTful
30 524 (9.88%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 458 (8.64%) Confluence
2 107 (2.02%) Elasticsearch
3 104 (1.96%) Apache
4 87 (1.64%) Tomcat
5 86 (1.62%) Apache Spark
6 73 (1.38%) CMS
7 54 (1.02%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 54 (1.02%) Cloud Foundry
7 54 (1.02%) WebSphere
8 52 (0.98%) SharePoint
9 48 (0.91%) Mule
10 43 (0.81%) nginx
11 38 (0.72%) JBoss
12 32 (0.60%) WebLogic
13 30 (0.57%) IIS
14 18 (0.34%) Apache Solr
15 16 (0.30%) Apache Airflow
15 16 (0.30%) Umbraco
16 15 (0.28%) BizTalk Server
17 14 (0.26%) Jetty
Applications
1 59 (1.11%) Microsoft Excel
2 55 (1.04%) Microsoft Office
3 17 (0.32%) Photoshop
4 8 (0.15%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 8 (0.15%) Microsoft Project
5 6 (0.11%) Chatbot
6 4 (0.075%) Adobe Illustrator
6 4 (0.075%) MS Visio
7 3 (0.057%) Zeplin
8 2 (0.038%) InfoPath
8 2 (0.038%) InVision
8 2 (0.038%) Simulink
9 1 (0.019%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.019%) Figma
9 1 (0.019%) Sketch
9 1 (0.019%) Stateflow
Business Applications
1 72 (1.36%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.28%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 13 (0.25%) Magento
4 12 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
5 11 (0.21%) Oracle Financials
6 10 (0.19%) Distributed Ledger
7 8 (0.15%) SAP FI
8 7 (0.13%) Fredhopper
9 6 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
10 4 (0.075%) BusinessWorks
10 4 (0.075%) Oracle BPM
10 4 (0.075%) Summit
11 3 (0.057%) Dynamics AX
11 3 (0.057%) Dynamics NAV
11 3 (0.057%) Oracle ERP
11 3 (0.057%) Oracle Receivables
11 3 (0.057%) Remedy ITSM
11 3 (0.057%) SAP ERP
11 3 (0.057%) SAP FI-CA
11 3 (0.057%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 829 (15.64%) Amazon AWS
2 825 (15.56%) Microsoft Azure
3 210 (3.96%) GitHub
4 166 (3.13%) PaaS
5 149 (2.81%) Google Cloud Platform
6 116 (2.19%) Serverless
7 104 (1.96%) SaaS
8 102 (1.92%) IaaS
9 90 (1.70%) Amazon EC2
10 88 (1.66%) Amazon S3
11 81 (1.53%) BrowserStack
12 73 (1.38%) Sauce Labs
13 72 (1.36%) AWS CloudFormation
13 72 (1.36%) Cloud Computing
14 65 (1.23%) Power Platform
15 59 (1.11%) Dynamics 365
16 53 (1.00%) AWS Lambda
17 52 (0.98%) Amazon ECS
17 52 (0.98%) Slack
18 46 (0.87%) Amazon SQS
Communications & Networking
1 271 (5.11%) HTTP
2 131 (2.47%) TCP/IP
3 82 (1.55%) DNS
3 82 (1.55%) SSL
4 65 (1.23%) Internet
5 54 (1.02%) FTP
6 52 (0.98%) DHCP
7 50 (0.94%) IPsec
8 33 (0.62%) Firewall
9 21 (0.40%) MQTT
10 19 (0.36%) Wireless
11 16 (0.30%) Skype
12 14 (0.26%) DSL
12 14 (0.26%) Network Security
12 14 (0.26%) VPN
13 9 (0.17%) Wireshark
14 8 (0.15%) H.323
14 8 (0.15%) Kerberos
14 8 (0.15%) LAN
14 8 (0.15%) VLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 358 (6.75%) MongoDB
2 354 (6.68%) SQL Server
3 322 (6.07%) Relational Database
4 318 (6.00%) NoSQL
5 219 (4.13%) MySQL
6 161 (3.04%) Big Data
7 147 (2.77%) Data Warehouse
8 135 (2.55%) RDBMS
9 125 (2.36%) PostgreSQL
10 96 (1.81%) Hadoop
11 90 (1.70%) Apache Cassandra
12 73 (1.38%) Redis
13 64 (1.21%) SQL Server Integration Services
14 63 (1.19%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 59 (1.11%) Power BI
16 57 (1.08%) Data Lake
17 49 (0.92%) Oracle Database
18 44 (0.83%) Blockchain
18 44 (0.83%) DB2
19 41 (0.77%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1,580 (29.81%) Selenium
2 1,230 (23.20%) Jenkins
3 1,118 (21.09%) Git (software)
4 980 (18.49%) Cucumber
5 960 (18.11%) JIRA
6 421 (7.94%) WebDriver
7 340 (6.41%) Maven
8 324 (6.11%) SpecFlow
9 321 (6.06%) JMeter
10 294 (5.55%) JUnit
11 262 (4.94%) Visual Studio
12 257 (4.85%) SoapUI
13 221 (4.17%) Visual Studio Team System
14 204 (3.85%) Bitbucket
15 196 (3.70%) TeamCity
16 182 (3.43%) Team Foundation Server
17 178 (3.36%) Subversion
18 162 (3.06%) Mockito
19 134 (2.53%) Appium
20 128 (2.41%) Jasmine
General
1 844 (15.92%) Finance
2 398 (7.51%) Banking
3 199 (3.75%) Retail
4 119 (2.24%) Marketing
5 90 (1.70%) Front Office
6 80 (1.51%) Telecoms
7 78 (1.47%) Investment Banking
8 77 (1.45%) Games
9 64 (1.21%) Financial Institution
10 62 (1.17%) Manufacturing
11 52 (0.98%) Electronics
12 44 (0.83%) Legal
13 38 (0.72%) Law
14 24 (0.45%) Back Office
15 21 (0.40%) Pharmaceutical
16 20 (0.38%) Advertising
16 20 (0.38%) Publishing
17 18 (0.34%) Billing
18 17 (0.32%) Retail Banking
19 15 (0.28%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 1,821 (34.35%) Developer
2 826 (15.58%) Tester
3 637 (12.02%) Analyst
4 552 (10.41%) Automation Tester
5 544 (10.26%) Test Analyst
6 465 (8.77%) Test Engineer
7 422 (7.96%) Java Developer
8 344 (6.49%) DevOps Engineer
9 268 (5.06%) Test Automation Engineer
10 256 (4.83%) Senior Developer
11 229 (4.32%) Automation Test Analyst
12 168 (3.17%) QA Engineer
13 164 (3.09%) Developer in Test
14 159 (3.00%) Software Developer
15 158 (2.98%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 156 (2.94%) Full Stack Developer
16 156 (2.94%) JavaScript Developer
17 151 (2.85%) Test Manager
18 147 (2.77%) .NET Developer
19 144 (2.72%) React Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 758 (14.30%) HTML
2 706 (13.32%) CSS
3 670 (12.64%) .NET
4 652 (12.30%) Web Services
5 565 (10.66%) REST
6 561 (10.58%) RESTful
7 511 (9.64%) Node.js
8 497 (9.38%) AngularJS
9 452 (8.53%) React
10 427 (8.06%) Spring
11 386 (7.28%) JSON
12 343 (6.47%) HTML5
13 310 (5.85%) SOAP
14 290 (5.47%) Gherkin
15 262 (4.94%) XML
16 191 (3.60%) CSS3
17 187 (3.53%) Spring Boot
18 159 (3.00%) Redux
19 147 (2.77%) .NET Framework
20 131 (2.47%) jQuery
Miscellaneous
1 288 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
2 248 (4.68%) User Experience
3 218 (4.11%) Mobile App
4 155 (2.92%) Greenfield Project
5 134 (2.53%) Self-Motivation
6 97 (1.83%) Linux Command Line
7 83 (1.57%) Public Cloud
8 76 (1.43%) Algorithms
9 70 (1.32%) Virtual Team
10 68 (1.28%) Data Structures
11 65 (1.23%) Enterprise Software
12 55 (1.04%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 52 (0.98%) Management Information System
14 43 (0.81%) Derivative
15 42 (0.79%) Video on Demand
16 36 (0.68%) Hedge funds
17 33 (0.62%) Data Protection Act
18 32 (0.60%) Equities
18 32 (0.60%) Fixed Income
19 29 (0.55%) Mainframe
Operating Systems
1 792 (14.94%) Linux
2 422 (7.96%) Unix
3 376 (7.09%) Windows
4 143 (2.70%) Mac OS X
5 142 (2.68%) Apple iOS
6 132 (2.49%) Android
7 73 (1.38%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 38 (0.72%) Windows Server
9 28 (0.53%) Ubuntu
10 24 (0.45%) CentOS
11 18 (0.34%) VMS
12 16 (0.30%) Windows 10
13 8 (0.15%) Mac OS
14 6 (0.11%) Debian
15 2 (0.038%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.019%) Kali Linux
16 1 (0.019%) MVS
16 1 (0.019%) OpenVMS
16 1 (0.019%) Windows 7
16 1 (0.019%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,280 (61.88%) Agile Software Development
2 1,308 (24.67%) DevOps
3 1,265 (23.86%) Continuous Integration
4 1,261 (23.79%) TDD
5 1,188 (22.41%) Scrum
6 1,087 (20.51%) BDD
7 799 (15.07%) Microservices
8 524 (9.88%) Test Scripting
9 498 (9.39%) Problem-Solving
10 486 (9.17%) Kanban
11 468 (8.83%) Open Source
12 460 (8.68%) Test Strategy
13 447 (8.43%) Continuous Delivery
14 446 (8.41%) Continuous Deployment
15 405 (7.64%) SDLC
16 404 (7.62%) Manual Testing
17 389 (7.34%) Software Engineering
18 385 (7.26%) Regression Testing
19 369 (6.96%) Web Development
20 351 (6.62%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,004 (37.80%) Java
2 1,330 (25.09%) JavaScript
3 1,048 (19.77%) SQL
4 955 (18.02%) C#
5 943 (17.79%) Python
6 273 (5.15%) Java 8
7 268 (5.06%) Ruby
8 217 (4.09%) PowerShell
9 206 (3.89%) TypeScript
10 167 (3.15%) Scala
11 164 (3.09%) Bash Shell
12 150 (2.83%) ES6
13 130 (2.45%) C++
14 99 (1.87%) Groovy
15 95 (1.79%) Perl
16 84 (1.58%) PHP
17 83 (1.57%) T-SQL
18 79 (1.49%) C
18 79 (1.49%) PL/SQL
19 73 (1.38%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 430 (8.11%) Security Cleared
2 316 (5.96%) ISTQB
3 286 (5.40%) SC Cleared
4 252 (4.75%) Degree
5 237 (4.47%) ISEB
6 126 (2.38%) BPSS Clearance
7 104 (1.96%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 68 (1.28%) Computer Science Degree
9 59 (1.11%) DV Cleared
10 33 (0.62%) DBS Check
11 27 (0.51%) AWS Certification
12 22 (0.42%) Master's Degree
13 13 (0.25%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 12 (0.23%) ISEB Practitioner
15 10 (0.19%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.15%) ACCA
16 8 (0.15%) SANS
17 7 (0.13%) CISSP
17 7 (0.13%) ITIL Certification
17 7 (0.13%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 989 (18.66%) QA
2 36 (0.68%) GDPR
3 32 (0.60%) Disclosure Scotland
4 25 (0.47%) Data Quality
5 19 (0.36%) WCAG
6 10 (0.19%) PMO
7 9 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.15%) SLA
9 7 (0.13%) HL7
10 6 (0.11%) NCSC
11 5 (0.094%) PSD2
12 4 (0.075%) NIST
13 3 (0.057%) PCI DSS
14 2 (0.038%) Dublin Core
14 2 (0.038%) ISO 9001
14 2 (0.038%) MiFID
14 2 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
14 2 (0.038%) Section 508
15 1 (0.019%) Basel III
15 1 (0.019%) TARGET2
System Software
1 659 (12.43%) Docker
2 90 (1.70%) Active Directory
3 81 (1.53%) Virtual Machines
4 20 (0.38%) Apache Flume
5 17 (0.32%) VMware Infrastructure
6 13 (0.25%) HDFS
7 10 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
8 6 (0.11%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.11%) Microsoft Virtual Server
8 6 (0.11%) RACF
8 6 (0.11%) vSphere
9 4 (0.075%) VMware ESXi
10 3 (0.057%) Firmware
10 3 (0.057%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.057%) oVirt
10 3 (0.057%) RHEV
10 3 (0.057%) VMware NSX
10 3 (0.057%) XenApp
11 2 (0.038%) Snort
12 1 (0.019%) Xen
Systems Management
1 394 (7.43%) Kubernetes
2 304 (5.73%) Ansible
3 277 (5.23%) Puppet
4 204 (3.85%) Opscode Chef
5 195 (3.68%) Terraform
6 62 (1.17%) HP ALM
7 57 (1.08%) Kibana
8 56 (1.06%) HP Quality Center
9 39 (0.74%) Grafana
10 22 (0.42%) logstash
11 20 (0.38%) CA Service Virtualization
11 20 (0.38%) Packer
11 20 (0.38%) Single Sign-On
12 19 (0.36%) Control-M
13 16 (0.30%) Rancher
14 14 (0.26%) Nagios
14 14 (0.26%) Salt
15 12 (0.23%) CloudHub
15 12 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
15 12 (0.23%) Prometheus
Vendors
1 493 (9.30%) Microsoft
2 329 (6.21%) Oracle
3 176 (3.32%) Google
4 140 (2.64%) HP
5 107 (2.02%) SAP
6 105 (1.98%) IBM
7 102 (1.92%) Atlassian
8 87 (1.64%) Salesforce.com
9 85 (1.60%) Splunk
10 83 (1.57%) Adobe
11 73 (1.38%) Cypress Semiconductor
12 57 (1.08%) MuleSoft
13 51 (0.96%) Red Hat
14 39 (0.74%) hybris
15 35 (0.66%) VMware
16 32 (0.60%) Informatica
17 31 (0.58%) AppDynamics
18 30 (0.57%) Cadence
18 30 (0.57%) Tableau
18 30 (0.57%) Xamarin