Period
to 12 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
12 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 35 34 34
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +5
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2,335 5,448 6,343
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.69% 5.79% 6.11%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.63% 6.66% 7.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,578 3,647 4,364
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £325 £325 £313
90th Percentile £650 £608 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £435 £400
% change year-on-year +3.45% +8.75% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 48 63
Median hourly rate £35.00 £39.00 £41.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -10.26% -4.88% +9.33%
10th Percentile £31.28 £21.88 £15.00
90th Percentile £50.00 £47.06 £71.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £40.75
% change year-on-year -17.65% +4.29% +8.67%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 35,206 81,851 90,274
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.83% 87.05% 86.92%
Number of daily rates quoted 22,165 53,899 59,500
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +2.27%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £300
90th Percentile £675 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £450 £438 £425
% change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,218 2,314 2,463
Median hourly rate £31.61 £24.96 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +26.66% +16.08% -14.00%
10th Percentile £12.76 £11.85 £11.17
90th Percentile £54.00 £52.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £24.20 £24.00 £20.00
% change year-on-year +0.81% +20.00% -20.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 12 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 12 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 2,108 £498 +4.74% 393
UK excluding London 0 1,153 £450 +3.45% 319
London -3 1,108 £525 +5.00% 132
North of England -4 287 £434 +0.81% 91
South East -9 287 £453 +0.59% 59
South West +8 169 £475 +8.57% 52
Midlands +10 143 £423 +2.42% 31
North West -10 131 £414 -2.65% 35
Scotland 0 124 £400 - 37
Work from Home +9 121 £450 -2.70% 58
Yorkshire +1 114 £425 -10.53% 37
West Midlands +15 97 £450 +2.86% 12
East of England +6 97 £450 -4.76% 28
East Midlands +12 46 £338 -10.00% 19
North East -8 43 £473 +26.00% 19
Wales -8 30 £413 +3.13% 15
Northern Ireland +31 16 £325 -24.42% 6

For the 6 months to 12 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,369 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
2 946 (40.51%) Java
3 727 (31.13%) DevOps
4 598 (25.61%) Selenium
5 561 (24.03%) Azure
6 510 (21.84%) SQL
7 502 (21.50%) TDD
8 494 (21.16%) Continuous Integration
9 491 (21.03%) JavaScript
10 485 (20.77%) AWS
11 470 (20.13%) Git (software)
12 466 (19.96%) Scrum
13 461 (19.74%) BDD
14 445 (19.06%) Jenkins
15 442 (18.93%) Python
16 431 (18.46%) Security Cleared
17 410 (17.56%) JIRA
18 395 (16.92%) Finance
19 381 (16.32%) Linux
20 378 (16.19%) Microservices
21 367 (15.72%) Cucumber
22 366 (15.67%) Docker
23 361 (15.46%) QA
23 361 (15.46%) C#
24 339 (14.52%) SC Cleared
25 280 (11.99%) Kubernetes
26 272 (11.65%) HTML
27 261 (11.18%) Public Sector
28 259 (11.09%) Unix
29 254 (10.88%) CSS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 187 (8.01%) Confluence
2 50 (2.14%) Elasticsearch
3 45 (1.93%) Apache Spark
4 42 (1.80%) WebLogic
5 38 (1.63%) Tomcat
6 33 (1.41%) Apache
7 18 (0.77%) SharePoint
8 17 (0.73%) JBoss
9 16 (0.69%) Mule
9 16 (0.69%) nginx
10 15 (0.64%) IIS
11 14 (0.60%) Camunda
11 14 (0.60%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 14 (0.60%) SAS
12 10 (0.43%) Cloud Foundry
13 9 (0.39%) CMS
14 8 (0.34%) WebSphere
15 7 (0.30%) Red Hat Fuse
16 6 (0.26%) Oracle Coherence
17 5 (0.21%) Jetty
Applications
1 50 (2.14%) Microsoft Excel
2 23 (0.99%) Microsoft Office
3 18 (0.77%) Microsoft Project
4 5 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 4 (0.17%) Figma
5 4 (0.17%) Sketch
6 3 (0.13%) InVision
7 2 (0.086%) Microsoft PowerPoint
7 2 (0.086%) Photoshop
8 1 (0.043%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 31 (1.33%) Dynamics CRM
2 12 (0.51%) Teamcenter
3 8 (0.34%) Oracle BPM
4 7 (0.30%) Oracle Applications
4 7 (0.30%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.26%) BASE24
5 6 (0.26%) MFGPRO
5 6 (0.26%) Oracle ERP
6 5 (0.21%) Maximo
6 5 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
6 5 (0.21%) thinkFolio
7 4 (0.17%) Elite 3E
7 4 (0.17%) Magento
7 4 (0.17%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
7 4 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
7 4 (0.17%) SAP Oil and Gas
7 4 (0.17%) Workfront
8 3 (0.13%) NetSuite
8 3 (0.13%) SAP FI-CA
8 3 (0.13%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 561 (24.03%) Azure
2 485 (20.77%) AWS
3 127 (5.44%) GitHub
4 111 (4.75%) GCP
5 66 (2.83%) PaaS
6 55 (2.36%) Power Platform
7 54 (2.31%) IaaS
8 48 (2.06%) Serverless
9 44 (1.88%) SaaS
10 40 (1.71%) OpenShift
11 34 (1.46%) Slack
12 33 (1.41%) AWS Lambda
13 32 (1.37%) Amazon S3
14 30 (1.28%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 27 (1.16%) Dynamics 365
16 25 (1.07%) AWS CloudFormation
16 25 (1.07%) npm
17 23 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
18 20 (0.86%) Cloud Computing
19 19 (0.81%) Azure Data Factory
Communications & Networking
1 66 (2.83%) HTTP
2 46 (1.97%) DNS
3 42 (1.80%) SSL
4 35 (1.50%) TCP/IP
5 30 (1.28%) HTTPS
6 29 (1.24%) Firewall
7 17 (0.73%) DHCP
8 16 (0.69%) Internet
9 10 (0.43%) Fibre Channel
9 10 (0.43%) Reverse Proxy
10 9 (0.39%) DSL
11 8 (0.34%) Skype
11 8 (0.34%) WAN
11 8 (0.34%) Wireless
12 7 (0.30%) AMQP
12 7 (0.30%) Kerberos
12 7 (0.30%) Wireshark
13 6 (0.26%) ATM
14 5 (0.21%) Broadband
14 5 (0.21%) LAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 195 (8.35%) SQL Server
2 170 (7.28%) MongoDB
3 124 (5.31%) NoSQL
4 123 (5.27%) Relational Database
5 90 (3.85%) MySQL
6 68 (2.91%) PostgreSQL
7 57 (2.44%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 51 (2.18%) Data Lake
9 49 (2.10%) Big Data
10 48 (2.06%) Power BI
11 47 (2.01%) Oracle Database
12 39 (1.67%) RDBMS
13 37 (1.58%) Data Warehouse
14 34 (1.46%) Hadoop
14 34 (1.46%) Redis
15 27 (1.16%) SQL Server Reporting Services
16 23 (0.99%) HDInsight
16 23 (0.99%) Oracle Database 11g
17 22 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
18 18 (0.77%) DB2
Development Applications
1 598 (25.61%) Selenium
2 470 (20.13%) Git (software)
3 445 (19.06%) Jenkins
4 410 (17.56%) JIRA
5 367 (15.72%) Cucumber
6 137 (5.87%) SoapUI
7 134 (5.74%) WebDriver
8 132 (5.65%) Maven
9 131 (5.61%) JUnit
10 122 (5.22%) JMeter
11 110 (4.71%) Visual Studio
12 94 (4.03%) SpecFlow
13 89 (3.81%) Postman
14 76 (3.25%) Subversion
15 72 (3.08%) Mockito
16 68 (2.91%) Jasmine
17 67 (2.87%) GitLab
18 64 (2.74%) Bitbucket
19 61 (2.61%) TeamCity
20 59 (2.53%) REST Assured
General
1 395 (16.92%) Finance
2 261 (11.18%) Public Sector
3 189 (8.09%) Banking
4 51 (2.18%) Investment Banking
5 49 (2.10%) Front Office
6 33 (1.41%) Marketing
7 31 (1.33%) Telecoms
8 29 (1.24%) Retail
9 25 (1.07%) Manufacturing
10 19 (0.81%) Retail Banking
11 17 (0.73%) Financial Institution
12 16 (0.69%) Police
13 15 (0.64%) Games
14 14 (0.60%) Electronics
15 12 (0.51%) Legal
16 10 (0.43%) Automotive
16 10 (0.43%) Publishing
17 7 (0.30%) Back Office
18 6 (0.26%) Law
19 5 (0.21%) Advertising
Job Titles
1 859 (36.79%) Developer
2 316 (13.53%) Tester
3 276 (11.82%) Java Developer
4 218 (9.34%) Analyst
5 207 (8.87%) Automation Tester
6 186 (7.97%) Test Engineer
7 156 (6.68%) Test Analyst
8 128 (5.48%) DevOps Engineer
9 104 (4.45%) Senior Developer
10 98 (4.20%) Architect
11 84 (3.60%) Test Automation Engineer
12 81 (3.47%) Full Stack Developer
13 77 (3.30%) Test Manager
14 75 (3.21%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 70 (3.00%) Python Developer
16 65 (2.78%) QA Engineer
17 62 (2.66%) Software Developer
17 62 (2.66%) Software Engineer
18 61 (2.61%) C# Developer
19 58 (2.48%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 272 (11.65%) HTML
2 254 (10.88%) CSS
3 243 (10.41%) Web Services
4 241 (10.32%) .NET
5 231 (9.89%) REST
6 190 (8.14%) Spring
7 186 (7.97%) Node.js
8 181 (7.75%) React
9 172 (7.37%) AngularJS
10 165 (7.07%) RESTful
11 151 (6.47%) HTML5
12 130 (5.57%) SOAP
13 128 (5.48%) XML
14 120 (5.14%) JSON
15 110 (4.71%) Redux
15 110 (4.71%) Spring Boot
16 108 (4.63%) Gherkin
17 88 (3.77%) Sass
18 76 (3.25%) jQuery
19 66 (2.83%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 179 (7.67%) User Experience
2 147 (6.30%) Analytical Skills
3 87 (3.73%) Mobile App
4 52 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
5 46 (1.97%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 42 (1.80%) Self-Motivation
7 41 (1.76%) Virtual Team
8 32 (1.37%) Algorithms
9 31 (1.33%) Linux Command Line
9 31 (1.33%) Management Information System
10 27 (1.16%) Fixed Income
11 26 (1.11%) Cloud Native
11 26 (1.11%) Data Centre
11 26 (1.11%) Enterprise Software
12 23 (0.99%) Derivative
13 20 (0.86%) Data Structures
14 17 (0.73%) W3C
15 15 (0.64%) Public Cloud
16 14 (0.60%) Semantic Web
17 11 (0.47%) SCORM
Operating Systems
1 381 (16.32%) Linux
2 259 (11.09%) Unix
3 250 (10.71%) Windows
4 108 (4.63%) Mac OS X
5 61 (2.61%) Android
6 55 (2.36%) Apple iOS
7 41 (1.76%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 31 (1.33%) Windows Server
9 22 (0.94%) CentOS
10 15 (0.64%) Ubuntu
11 14 (0.60%) Solaris
12 11 (0.47%) Mac OS
13 8 (0.34%) AIX
13 8 (0.34%) Debian
14 7 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.26%) Windows Server 2008
16 4 (0.17%) Oracle Linux
17 2 (0.086%) CoreOS
17 2 (0.086%) Windows 10
17 2 (0.086%) Windows Server 2016
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,369 (58.63%) Agile Software Development
2 727 (31.13%) DevOps
3 502 (21.50%) TDD
4 494 (21.16%) Continuous Integration
5 466 (19.96%) Scrum
6 461 (19.74%) BDD
7 378 (16.19%) Microservices
8 238 (10.19%) Test Scripting
9 213 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
10 198 (8.48%) Continuous Deployment
11 194 (8.31%) Kanban
11 194 (8.31%) Regression Testing
11 194 (8.31%) SDLC
12 185 (7.92%) Continuous Delivery
13 180 (7.71%) Pair Programming
14 179 (7.67%) Web Development
15 176 (7.54%) Software Engineering
16 167 (7.15%) Test Strategy
17 143 (6.12%) Open Source
18 142 (6.08%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 946 (40.51%) Java
2 510 (21.84%) SQL
3 491 (21.03%) JavaScript
4 442 (18.93%) Python
5 361 (15.46%) C#
6 201 (8.61%) Java 8
7 113 (4.84%) TypeScript
8 100 (4.28%) PowerShell
9 79 (3.38%) Bash Shell
10 74 (3.17%) C++
11 72 (3.08%) Scala
12 67 (2.87%) Ruby
13 63 (2.70%) C
14 51 (2.18%) Perl
15 43 (1.84%) Kotlin
15 43 (1.84%) Shell Script
16 40 (1.71%) Groovy
17 39 (1.67%) PHP
17 39 (1.67%) T-SQL
18 36 (1.54%) ES6
Qualifications
1 431 (18.46%) Security Cleared
2 339 (14.52%) SC Cleared
3 141 (6.04%) ISTQB
4 122 (5.22%) ISEB
5 104 (4.45%) Degree
6 65 (2.78%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 61 (2.61%) BPSS Clearance
8 42 (1.80%) DV Cleared
9 30 (1.28%) DBS Check
10 25 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
11 17 (0.73%) ISEB Practitioner
12 11 (0.47%) Cisco Certification
12 11 (0.47%) PhD
13 10 (0.43%) CCNA
13 10 (0.43%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 7 (0.30%) AWS Certification
14 7 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
15 6 (0.26%) Master's Degree
16 5 (0.21%) SANS
17 4 (0.17%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 361 (15.46%) QA
2 61 (2.61%) WCAG
3 16 (0.69%) SLA
4 15 (0.64%) Data Quality
5 11 (0.47%) GDPR
6 8 (0.34%) Disclosure Scotland
7 6 (0.26%) ISO 8583
8 4 (0.17%) ISO 9001
8 4 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.17%) PMO
9 3 (0.13%) GxP
9 3 (0.13%) ISO 20022
9 3 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 20000
9 3 (0.13%) MiFID
10 2 (0.086%) EMIR
10 2 (0.086%) HL7
10 2 (0.086%) IFRS
10 2 (0.086%) JTAG
10 2 (0.086%) Solvency II
10 2 (0.086%) WAI
System Software
1 366 (15.67%) Docker
2 43 (1.84%) Active Directory
3 36 (1.54%) Virtual Machines
4 14 (0.60%) VMware Infrastructure
5 13 (0.56%) vSphere
6 11 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
7 7 (0.30%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.26%) NFS
8 6 (0.26%) Oracle Clusterware
9 5 (0.21%) HDFS
9 5 (0.21%) RACF
10 4 (0.17%) Hyper-V
10 4 (0.17%) VirtualBox
11 3 (0.13%) Apache Flume
11 3 (0.13%) Virtual Desktop
11 3 (0.13%) XenApp
11 3 (0.13%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.086%) Samba
12 2 (0.086%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.086%) Xen
Systems Management
1 280 (11.99%) Kubernetes
2 141 (6.04%) Terraform
3 132 (5.65%) Ansible
4 89 (3.81%) Puppet
5 77 (3.30%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.16%) Prometheus
7 23 (0.99%) HP Quality Center
8 20 (0.86%) HP ALM
8 20 (0.86%) Kibana
9 19 (0.81%) Grafana
10 16 (0.69%) Zipkin
11 12 (0.51%) Packer
12 10 (0.43%) Salt
13 9 (0.39%) Single Sign-On
14 8 (0.34%) Data Guard
14 8 (0.34%) Nagios
14 8 (0.34%) Rancher
14 8 (0.34%) ZABBIX
15 6 (0.26%) Control-M
15 6 (0.26%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
Vendors
1 250 (10.71%) Microsoft
2 210 (8.99%) Oracle
3 65 (2.78%) Google
4 61 (2.61%) SAP
5 51 (2.18%) IBM
6 48 (2.06%) Atlassian
7 47 (2.01%) Splunk
8 44 (1.88%) HP
9 33 (1.41%) Informatica
10 31 (1.33%) Red Hat
11 30 (1.28%) VMware
12 28 (1.20%) AppDynamics
13 22 (0.94%) Databricks
14 21 (0.90%) webMethods
15 19 (0.81%) MuleSoft
16 18 (0.77%) Xamarin
17 17 (0.73%) Sybase
18 15 (0.64%) Salesforce.com
19 13 (0.56%) CheckPoint
19 13 (0.56%) Dell