The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 25 March 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
25 Mar 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Test Automation
UK
Rank 183 228 263
Rank change year-on-year +45 +35  
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 646 574 444
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 1.43% 1.08% 0.84%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 1.72% 1.30% 1.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 388 327 289
Median daily rate £394 £400 £380
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.56% +5.26%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £288 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £525 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £355 £375 £350
% change year-on-year -5.33% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 11 9
Median hourly rate £36.25 £43.75 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -17.14% +16.66%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £33.05 £35.00 £33.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.00 £41.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.25 £43.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year -17.14% +16.66%  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 37646 44098 42190
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 83.11% 82.88% 79.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 24821 28901 26121
Median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £300 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £410 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +2.50% +0.06%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 953 1111 1212
Median hourly rate £35.00 £37.50 £27.85
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -6.66% +34.67%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £13.00 £12.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £55.00 £49.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £36.00 £38.75 £30.00
% change year-on-year -7.09% +29.16%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Test Automation as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 25 March 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 25 March 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 3 months to 25 March 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +40 575 £395 -1.86% 197
London +68 268 £450 +5.88% 94
South East +41 87 £375 -2.59% 27
South West +29 74 £350 -12.22% 22
Scotland +27 47 £405 +32.78% 5
North East +12 42 £320 -20.98% 3
Tyne and Wear +10 42 £320 -20.98% 3
Newcastle upon Tyne +10 42 £320 -20.98% 3
East of England +9 40 £450 +28.57% 18
City of London -6 32 £425 - 25
Edinburgh +32 30 £420 +35.48% 3
Hampshire +6 25 £375 +10.29% 2
Berkshire +33 22 £350 -17.64% 7
Somerset +13 19 £338 +6.29% 11
West Midlands +11 18 £288 -9.80% 7
Yorkshire +10 18 £375 +10.29% 8
Surrey +16 16 £380 -1.93% 9
East Midlands -4 16 £373 -46.78% 7
Wiltshire +6 14 £325 -10.95%
West Yorkshire +1 13 £375 +10.29% 8
Exeter -1 13 £350 -26.31%
Devon -4 13 £350 -26.31% 1
Hertfordshire +12 12 £363 - 4
Leeds +6 12 £370 +8.82% 6
Bristol +4 12 £325 -18.75% 8
Bedfordshire +4 11 £450 +9.09%
Taunton - 10 £303 - 3
Swindon +8 9 £325 +1.56%
Buckinghamshire - 9 - - 4
Cambridgeshire +11 8 £275 -14.06% 12

Test Automation
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 25 March 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 908 (71.55%) Agile Software Development
2 664 (52.32%) Selenium
3 534 (42.08%) Java
4 470 (37.04%) BDD
5 453 (35.70%) TDD
6 419 (33.02%) QA
7 370 (29.16%) Cucumber
8 350 (27.58%) Scrum
9 334 (26.32%) Continuous Integration
10 306 (24.11%) WebDriver
10 306 (24.11%) Jenkins
11 242 (19.07%) SQL
12 225 (17.73%) C#
13 215 (16.94%) Automated Testing
14 214 (16.86%) Test Strategy
15 213 (16.78%) Test Scripting
16 209 (16.47%) JIRA
17 206 (16.23%) Finance
18 205 (16.15%) Automation Testing
19 178 (14.03%) Gherkin
20 177 (13.95%) Python
21 173 (13.63%) Web Services
22 170 (13.40%) JavaScript
23 168 (13.24%) Git (software)
24 154 (12.14%) SoapUI
25 149 (11.74%) Functional Testing
26 148 (11.66%) Software Engineering
27 142 (11.19%) .NET
28 140 (11.03%) Regression Testing
29 138 (10.87%) Ruby

Test Automation
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 86 (6.78%) Confluence
2 31 (2.44%) CMS
3 25 (1.97%) Tomcat
4 13 (1.02%) Sitecore CMS
5 12 (0.95%) CICS
5 12 (0.95%) SharePoint
5 12 (0.95%) WebLogic
6 9 (0.71%) WebSphere
7 8 (0.63%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 8 (0.63%) Apache Spark
8 7 (0.55%) Apache
8 7 (0.55%) Drupal
8 7 (0.55%) Jetty
9 6 (0.47%) Elasticsearch
10 5 (0.39%) SharePoint 2010
10 5 (0.39%) SharePoint 2013
11 3 (0.24%) Apache Qpid
11 3 (0.24%) ATG Dynamo
11 3 (0.24%) JBoss
11 3 (0.24%) MS Project Server
Applications
1 45 (3.55%) MS Excel
2 10 (0.79%) MS Office
3 5 (0.39%) Mingle
4 4 (0.32%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.24%) MS Project
6 2 (0.16%) MS PowerPoint
Business Applications
1 27 (2.13%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 11 (0.87%) Oracle Applications
3 10 (0.79%) Dynamics CRM
4 6 (0.47%) Dynamics AX
4 6 (0.47%) Magento
5 3 (0.24%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.079%) CODA-Financials
6 1 (0.079%) FLEXCUBE
6 1 (0.079%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.079%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle EBS
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle EBS R12
6 1 (0.079%) Oracle ERP
6 1 (0.079%) Temenos T24
6 1 (0.079%) Unit4 Business World
6 1 (0.079%) VisionPLUS
Cloud Services
1 59 (4.65%) Microsoft Azure
2 42 (3.31%) Amazon AWS
3 31 (2.44%) GitHub
4 13 (1.02%) SaaS
5 8 (0.63%) PaaS
6 7 (0.55%) TestFlight
7 5 (0.39%) Amazon EC2
7 5 (0.39%) Google Analytics
7 5 (0.39%) Google Cloud Platform
8 4 (0.32%) Amazon S3
8 4 (0.32%) Cloud Computing
8 4 (0.32%) IaaS
8 4 (0.32%) OpenShift
8 4 (0.32%) Virtual Private Cloud
9 2 (0.16%) Amazon EMR
9 2 (0.16%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 2 (0.16%) Google Play
9 2 (0.16%) Loggly
10 1 (0.079%) CloudBees
10 1 (0.079%) Google App Engine
Communications & Networking
1 33 (2.60%) HTTP
2 20 (1.58%) Internet
3 16 (1.26%) PuTTY
3 16 (1.26%) WinSCP
4 10 (0.79%) Firewall
5 6 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
6 5 (0.39%) WLAN
7 4 (0.32%) DVB
7 4 (0.32%) Wireshark
8 3 (0.24%) SNMP
8 3 (0.24%) TCP/IP
9 2 (0.16%) LDAP
9 2 (0.16%) OpenLDAP
10 1 (0.079%) ATM
10 1 (0.079%) DECT
10 1 (0.079%) DNS
10 1 (0.079%) Ethernet
10 1 (0.079%) FTP
10 1 (0.079%) SSL
10 1 (0.079%) ZigBee
Database & Business Intelligence
1 90 (7.09%) SQL Server
2 47 (3.70%) Big Data
3 46 (3.62%) Data Warehouse
3 46 (3.62%) Oracle Database
4 35 (2.76%) MongoDB
4 35 (2.76%) SQL Server 2012
5 30 (2.36%) MySQL
6 29 (2.29%) Relational Database
7 27 (2.13%) Hadoop
8 26 (2.05%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 25 (1.97%) Oracle Database 11g
10 22 (1.73%) NoSQL
10 22 (1.73%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 19 (1.50%) PostgreSQL
12 17 (1.34%) DB2
12 17 (1.34%) Oracle Database 12c
13 16 (1.26%) Oracle Database 10g
13 16 (1.26%) SQL Server Analysis Services
14 15 (1.18%) SQL Server 2008
15 14 (1.10%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 664 (52.32%) Selenium
2 370 (29.16%) Cucumber
3 306 (24.11%) Jenkins
3 306 (24.11%) WebDriver
4 209 (16.47%) JIRA
5 168 (13.24%) Git (software)
6 154 (12.14%) SoapUI
7 125 (9.85%) HP UFT
8 117 (9.22%) JUnit
9 93 (7.33%) SpecFlow
10 87 (6.86%) TeamCity
11 79 (6.23%) Maven
12 76 (5.99%) Team Foundation Server
13 59 (4.65%) JMeter
14 51 (4.02%) RSpec
15 46 (3.62%) Appium
16 45 (3.55%) JBehave
17 43 (3.39%) NUnit
18 40 (3.15%) Visual Studio
19 39 (3.07%) Ant
General
1 206 (16.23%) Finance
2 85 (6.70%) Banking
3 52 (4.10%) Games
4 42 (3.31%) Marketing
5 40 (3.15%) Retail
5 40 (3.15%) Telecoms
6 33 (2.60%) Manufacturing
7 27 (2.13%) Electronics
8 22 (1.73%) Investment Banking
9 13 (1.02%) Back Office
10 12 (0.95%) Front Office
10 12 (0.95%) Legal
11 9 (0.71%) Advertising
11 9 (0.71%) Publishing
12 4 (0.32%) Law
12 4 (0.32%) Retail Banking
13 3 (0.24%) Financial Institution
13 3 (0.24%) Wholesale Banking
14 2 (0.16%) Multimedia
15 1 (0.079%) Billing
Job Titles
1 288 (22.70%) Tester
2 266 (20.96%) Developer
3 215 (16.94%) Analyst
4 199 (15.68%) Automation Tester
5 182 (14.34%) Test Analyst
5 182 (14.34%) Test Engineer
6 106 (8.35%) Test Automation Engineer
7 103 (8.12%) QA Engineer
8 92 (7.25%) Developer in Test
9 91 (7.17%) Automation Test Analyst
10 86 (6.78%) Java Developer
11 71 (5.59%) Selenium Tester
12 67 (5.28%) Test Manager
13 66 (5.20%) Selenium Automation Tester
14 57 (4.49%) QA Tester
15 55 (4.33%) Test Automation Developer
16 51 (4.02%) Test Leader
17 46 (3.62%) Java Automation Tester
18 44 (3.47%) QA Test Engineer
19 41 (3.23%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 178 (14.03%) Gherkin
2 173 (13.63%) Web Services
3 142 (11.19%) .NET
4 114 (8.98%) RESTful
5 109 (8.59%) XML
6 108 (8.51%) HTML
7 101 (7.96%) JSON
8 98 (7.72%) SOAP
9 92 (7.25%) AngularJS
9 92 (7.25%) Spring
10 87 (6.86%) REST
11 82 (6.46%) CSS
12 56 (4.41%) Node.js
13 31 (2.44%) HTML5
14 29 (2.29%) Hibernate
15 28 (2.21%) ASP.NET
16 25 (1.97%) CSS3
16 25 (1.97%) jQuery
16 25 (1.97%) React
17 24 (1.89%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 77 (6.07%) Mobile App
2 76 (5.99%) Analytical Skills
3 23 (1.81%) Computer Science
4 16 (1.26%) Client/Server
4 16 (1.26%) User Experience
5 15 (1.18%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
5 15 (1.18%) Linux Command Line
6 14 (1.10%) Mainframe
6 14 (1.10%) Smartphone
7 12 (0.95%) Equities
7 12 (0.95%) iPad
8 10 (0.79%) Fixed Income
9 9 (0.71%) NHS
10 8 (0.63%) Data Structures
11 7 (0.55%) Embedded Systems
11 7 (0.55%) N-Tier
12 6 (0.47%) Derivative
12 6 (0.47%) Management Information System
12 6 (0.47%) W3C
13 5 (0.39%) Semantic Web
Operating Systems
1 135 (10.64%) Linux
2 75 (5.91%) Unix
3 66 (5.20%) Windows
4 40 (3.15%) Apple iOS
5 24 (1.89%) Android
6 19 (1.50%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 11 (0.87%) Windows Server
7 11 (0.87%) Windows Server 2012
8 9 (0.71%) zOS
9 6 (0.47%) Ubuntu
10 5 (0.39%) Windows Server 2008
11 3 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
12 2 (0.16%) Mac OS X
12 2 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
12 2 (0.16%) Windows 7
12 2 (0.16%) Windows 8
12 2 (0.16%) Windows Vista
12 2 (0.16%) Windows XP
13 1 (0.079%) CentOS
13 1 (0.079%) Embedded Linux
Processes & Methodologies
1 908 (71.55%) Agile Software Development
2 470 (37.04%) BDD
3 453 (35.70%) TDD
4 350 (27.58%) Scrum
5 334 (26.32%) Continuous Integration
6 215 (16.94%) Automated Testing
7 214 (16.86%) Test Strategy
8 213 (16.78%) Test Scripting
9 205 (16.15%) Automation Testing
10 149 (11.74%) Functional Testing
11 148 (11.66%) Software Engineering
12 140 (11.03%) Regression Testing
13 131 (10.32%) User Stories
14 130 (10.24%) Kanban
15 126 (9.93%) SDLC
15 126 (9.93%) Software Testing
16 125 (9.85%) Performance Testing
17 120 (9.46%) Continuous Delivery
18 119 (9.38%) DevOps
19 117 (9.22%) API Testing
Programming Languages
1 534 (42.08%) Java
2 242 (19.07%) SQL
3 225 (17.73%) C#
4 177 (13.95%) Python
5 170 (13.40%) JavaScript
6 138 (10.87%) Ruby
7 108 (8.51%) Scala
8 73 (5.75%) Groovy
9 48 (3.78%) C++
10 41 (3.23%) Shell Script
11 40 (3.15%) Perl
12 33 (2.60%) C
13 31 (2.44%) PowerShell
14 24 (1.89%) F#
14 24 (1.89%) T-SQL
15 21 (1.65%) Bash Shell
16 20 (1.58%) PL/SQL
17 18 (1.42%) PHP
18 16 (1.26%) VB
19 15 (1.18%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 118 (9.30%) Security Cleared
2 116 (9.14%) ISEB
3 107 (8.43%) ISTQB
4 70 (5.52%) SC Cleared
5 44 (3.47%) Degree
6 29 (2.29%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 20 (1.58%) BPSS Clearance
7 20 (1.58%) DV Cleared
8 15 (1.18%) ISEB Practitioner
9 9 (0.71%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
10 3 (0.24%) HNC
11 2 (0.16%) PRINCE2 Practitioner
12 1 (0.079%) CTC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 419 (33.02%) QA
2 69 (5.44%) SDET
3 33 (2.60%) WCAG
4 12 (0.95%) Disclosure Scotland
5 11 (0.87%) Data Quality
6 5 (0.39%) MiFID
7 3 (0.24%) ISO 9000
7 3 (0.24%) PCI DSS
7 3 (0.24%) SLA
8 2 (0.16%) WAI
9 1 (0.079%) Dodd-Frank
9 1 (0.079%) EMIR
9 1 (0.079%) GMP
9 1 (0.079%) PMO
9 1 (0.079%) TickIT
System Software
1 42 (3.31%) Docker
2 8 (0.63%) Virtual Machines
3 7 (0.55%) vSphere
4 6 (0.47%) Oracle RAC
5 4 (0.32%) Active Directory
6 3 (0.24%) HDFS
6 3 (0.24%) Shibboleth
7 2 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 2 (0.16%) Firmware
7 2 (0.16%) LXC
7 2 (0.16%) Microsoft App-V
7 2 (0.16%) Virtual Desktop
7 2 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
8 1 (0.079%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.079%) KVM
Systems Management
1 45 (3.55%) Puppet
2 31 (2.44%) HP Quality Center
3 20 (1.58%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (1.34%) Ansible
5 13 (1.02%) CA Service Virtualization
5 13 (1.02%) HockeyApp
5 13 (1.02%) OMEGAMON
6 10 (0.79%) Kubernetes
7 9 (0.71%) CA Endevor
8 7 (0.55%) Rancher
8 7 (0.55%) vRealize
9 3 (0.24%) Graphite
9 3 (0.24%) HP SiteScope
9 3 (0.24%) Kibana
9 3 (0.24%) logstash
9 3 (0.24%) Mesos
9 3 (0.24%) Oozie
10 2 (0.16%) BladeLogic
10 2 (0.16%) ITRS Geneos
10 2 (0.16%) SCCM
Vendors
1 94 (7.41%) Oracle
2 81 (6.38%) HP
3 79 (6.23%) Microsoft
4 58 (4.57%) Atlassian
5 36 (2.84%) IBM
5 36 (2.84%) Splunk
6 33 (2.60%) SAP
7 21 (1.65%) Red Hat
8 18 (1.42%) Google
9 15 (1.18%) VMware
10 13 (1.02%) Apple
10 13 (1.02%) CA
10 13 (1.02%) hybris
10 13 (1.02%) Sitecore
10 13 (1.02%) Syncsort
11 10 (0.79%) ATG
11 10 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
12 9 (0.71%) Remedy
12 9 (0.71%) Sybase
12 9 (0.71%) Xamarin
East London
4it Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £420 per day 6 Months initially
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
IT Executive Ltd
Rate: £40000 - £55000 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £600 - £700 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicester, Leicestershire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: Yesterday
Leicester, Leicestershire
Sopra Steria Recruitment Limited
Posted: Yesterday
Redhill, Surrey
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £320 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Proactive Appointments
Rate: £340 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Proactive Appointments
Rate: £340 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Eames Consulting
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: 3 days ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Newbury, Berkshire
Searchability
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 4 days ago
City, London
Knowit
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Rate: £360 - £370 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Newcastle, County Down
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: Unspecified Neg
Posted: 5 days ago
City, London
Intrinsic Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Market Rates + Bonus & Benefits
Posted: 5 days ago
Reading, Berkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £430 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 5 days ago
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Solutions Recruitment
Rate: Unspecified
Posted: 5 days ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
City of London
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
City of London
Lawrence Harvey
Rate: £450.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 5 days ago
Sutton, Surrey
Reed Business Information Ltd
Rate: Comptetive Day Rate - 3 month contract with likely extensions
Posted: 10 days ago
Hampshire
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 16 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 26 days ago
London
People Source Consulting
Rate: £400 - £500 per annum
Posted: 24 days ago