Period
to 1 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 1 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
1 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 35 31 36
Rank change year-on-year -4 +5 0
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 3,334 6,166 5,993
As % of all contract jobs advertised in the UK 5.37% 6.40% 5.90%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.32% 7.33% 6.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,245 4,114 4,258
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +7.14%
10th Percentile £325 £315 £313
90th Percentile £638 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £439 £430 £413
% change year-on-year +2.03% +4.24% +10.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 54 63 85
Median hourly rate £35.00 £40.00 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.50% -11.11% +12.50%
10th Percentile £21.63 £19.25 £17.84
90th Percentile £64.43 £48.50 £67.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £43.25 £43.50
% change year-on-year -19.08% -0.57% +8.75%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 52,731 84,108 87,863
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.89% 87.27% 86.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 33,577 55,687 58,124
Median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +4.65%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £288
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £415
% change year-on-year +2.94% +2.41% +3.75%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1,877 2,128 2,213
Median hourly rate £25.14 £24.50 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.61% +8.89% -10.00%
10th Percentile £12.50 £11.76 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.75 £50.50 £50.00
Median hourly rate £22.50 £23.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year -2.17% +2.22% -10.00%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Daily Rate Histogram

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Test Automation.

Hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Hourly Rate Histogram

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 1 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 18 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 1 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -5 3,008 £475 - 899
UK excluding London -6 1,818 £439 +2.03% 672
London -10 1,440 £525 +5.00% 301
South East -6 548 £450 - 187
North of England -19 346 £425 -2.86% 158
South West -5 295 £450 - 98
Midlands +3 207 £448 +5.29% 85
Scotland -1 201 £400 - 33
East of England +8 163 £450 - 71
West Midlands 0 145 £450 - 50
Yorkshire -14 145 £450 -5.26% 51
North West -39 119 £405 -4.71% 87
Work from Home +9 90 £500 - 57
North East -9 83 £428 +3.64% 20
East Midlands -6 60 £413 +3.13% 35
Wales -10 47 £400 -5.88% 31
Northern Ireland -1 11 £300 -7.69% 9
Channel Islands -4 1 £375 - 1

For the 6 months to 1 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 1,914 (57.41%) Agile Software Development
2 1,152 (34.55%) Java
3 903 (27.08%) DevOps
4 836 (25.07%) Selenium
5 831 (24.93%) JavaScript
6 729 (21.87%) Continuous Integration
7 691 (20.73%) SQL
8 689 (20.67%) Azure
9 664 (19.92%) Scrum
10 658 (19.74%) TDD
11 624 (18.72%) Git (software)
12 616 (18.48%) Jenkins
13 614 (18.42%) C#
14 556 (16.68%) Python
15 545 (16.35%) JIRA
16 528 (15.84%) BDD
17 526 (15.78%) AWS
18 511 (15.33%) Finance
19 506 (15.18%) Cucumber
20 501 (15.03%) Security Cleared
21 497 (14.91%) HTML
22 491 (14.73%) QA
23 474 (14.22%) CSS
24 435 (13.05%) Linux
25 420 (12.60%) Microservices
26 417 (12.51%) .NET
27 414 (12.42%) Docker
28 376 (11.28%) Test Scripting
29 372 (11.16%) SC Cleared
30 368 (11.04%) Microsoft

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 253 (7.59%) Confluence
2 68 (2.04%) Tomcat
3 54 (1.62%) Apache
4 48 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
4 48 (1.44%) WebLogic
5 36 (1.08%) Apache Spark
6 30 (0.90%) nginx
7 24 (0.72%) IIS
8 22 (0.66%) SAS
9 21 (0.63%) Camunda
9 21 (0.63%) CMS
10 18 (0.54%) SharePoint
11 16 (0.48%) OpenStack
12 14 (0.42%) JBoss
13 11 (0.33%) Jetty
13 11 (0.33%) WebSphere
14 10 (0.30%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 8 (0.24%) ArcGIS
16 6 (0.18%) Anypoint
16 6 (0.18%) Oracle Coherence
Applications
1 40 (1.20%) Microsoft Excel
2 25 (0.75%) Microsoft Project
3 19 (0.57%) Microsoft Office
4 4 (0.12%) MS Visio
5 3 (0.090%) Chatbot
5 3 (0.090%) InVision
5 3 (0.090%) Sketch
5 3 (0.090%) Windchill
6 2 (0.060%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 2 (0.060%) Photoshop
7 1 (0.030%) Autodesk Inventor
7 1 (0.030%) CATIA
7 1 (0.030%) SOLIDWORKS
7 1 (0.030%) Spreadsheet
7 1 (0.030%) Zeplin
Business Applications
1 40 (1.20%) Dynamics CRM
2 14 (0.42%) Oracle EBS
3 13 (0.39%) Oracle Applications
3 13 (0.39%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.30%) thinkFolio
5 7 (0.21%) BusinessWorks
5 7 (0.21%) Maximo
5 7 (0.21%) MFGPRO
5 7 (0.21%) Oracle Payables
5 7 (0.21%) Oracle Receivables
6 6 (0.18%) Oracle BPM
7 5 (0.15%) Oracle Cash Management
7 5 (0.15%) Oracle Financials
7 5 (0.15%) Oracle General Ledger
7 5 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
8 4 (0.12%) Elite 3E
9 3 (0.090%) ION MarketView
9 3 (0.090%) Magento
9 3 (0.090%) Payment Gateway
9 3 (0.090%) SAP FI-CA
Cloud Services
1 689 (20.67%) Azure
2 526 (15.78%) AWS
3 198 (5.94%) GitHub
4 110 (3.30%) GCP
5 108 (3.24%) PaaS
6 84 (2.52%) Serverless
7 65 (1.95%) Power Platform
8 61 (1.83%) IaaS
8 61 (1.83%) SaaS
9 44 (1.32%) OpenShift
10 38 (1.14%) Azure Active Directory
11 34 (1.02%) Amazon S3
12 33 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
12 33 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
13 31 (0.93%) Azure Data Factory
13 31 (0.93%) npm
14 30 (0.90%) Cloud Computing
14 30 (0.90%) Heroku
15 26 (0.78%) Slack
16 24 (0.72%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 130 (3.90%) HTTP
2 88 (2.64%) TCP/IP
3 36 (1.08%) Firewall
3 36 (1.08%) Internet
4 35 (1.05%) SSL
5 34 (1.02%) DNS
5 34 (1.02%) DSL
6 29 (0.87%) DHCP
7 24 (0.72%) Wireless
8 22 (0.66%) HTTPS
9 20 (0.60%) Ethernet
10 17 (0.51%) IPv6
10 17 (0.51%) Kerberos
10 17 (0.51%) Wireshark
11 16 (0.48%) Wi-Fi
12 15 (0.45%) IPv4
13 13 (0.39%) AMQP
13 13 (0.39%) ISDN
13 13 (0.39%) VPN
13 13 (0.39%) WLAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 254 (7.62%) SQL Server
2 185 (5.55%) Relational Database
3 165 (4.95%) MongoDB
4 152 (4.56%) NoSQL
5 91 (2.73%) PostgreSQL
6 86 (2.58%) MySQL
7 80 (2.40%) Data Lake
7 80 (2.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 64 (1.92%) Power BI
9 62 (1.86%) Data Warehouse
10 60 (1.80%) Big Data
11 47 (1.41%) Oracle Database
12 42 (1.26%) Redis
13 39 (1.17%) Apache Cassandra
14 37 (1.11%) HDInsight
15 36 (1.08%) Azure SQL Database
16 29 (0.87%) RDBMS
17 28 (0.84%) Hadoop
18 26 (0.78%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 24 (0.72%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 836 (25.07%) Selenium
2 624 (18.72%) Git (software)
3 616 (18.48%) Jenkins
4 545 (16.35%) JIRA
5 506 (15.18%) Cucumber
6 212 (6.36%) WebDriver
7 179 (5.37%) Maven
8 164 (4.92%) Visual Studio
9 163 (4.89%) JUnit
10 150 (4.50%) SpecFlow
11 141 (4.23%) SoapUI
12 140 (4.20%) JMeter
13 109 (3.27%) Postman
13 109 (3.27%) Team Foundation Server
14 96 (2.88%) Visual Studio Team System
15 81 (2.43%) GitLab
16 77 (2.31%) Gatling
17 75 (2.25%) TeamCity
18 68 (2.04%) Bitbucket
19 66 (1.98%) Atlassian Bamboo
General
1 511 (15.33%) Finance
2 289 (8.67%) Public Sector
3 198 (5.94%) Banking
4 82 (2.46%) Telecoms
5 58 (1.74%) Retail
6 57 (1.71%) Manufacturing
7 52 (1.56%) Front Office
8 49 (1.47%) Marketing
9 40 (1.20%) Investment Banking
10 36 (1.08%) Electronics
11 29 (0.87%) Retail Banking
12 21 (0.63%) Back Office
12 21 (0.63%) Games
13 20 (0.60%) Law
14 17 (0.51%) Legal
15 16 (0.48%) Publishing
16 15 (0.45%) Automotive
16 15 (0.45%) Police
17 13 (0.39%) Financial Institution
18 10 (0.30%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,173 (35.18%) Developer
2 455 (13.65%) Tester
3 341 (10.23%) Analyst
4 306 (9.18%) Automation Tester
5 296 (8.88%) Test Engineer
6 292 (8.76%) Java Developer
7 274 (8.22%) Test Analyst
8 188 (5.64%) DevOps Engineer
9 180 (5.40%) Senior Developer
10 127 (3.81%) Test Automation Engineer
11 116 (3.48%) Architect
12 115 (3.45%) Software Developer
13 114 (3.42%) Software Engineer
14 105 (3.15%) Full Stack Developer
15 98 (2.94%) .NET Developer
16 97 (2.91%) Automation Test Analyst
16 97 (2.91%) QA Engineer
17 93 (2.79%) React Developer
18 81 (2.43%) C# Developer
18 81 (2.43%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 497 (14.91%) HTML
2 474 (14.22%) CSS
3 417 (12.51%) .NET
4 302 (9.06%) Web Services
5 301 (9.03%) AngularJS
6 300 (9.00%) RESTful
7 299 (8.97%) Node.js
8 292 (8.76%) REST
9 286 (8.58%) Spring
10 278 (8.34%) React
11 218 (6.54%) HTML5
12 214 (6.42%) JSON
13 207 (6.21%) XML
14 169 (5.07%) Gherkin
15 158 (4.74%) Spring Boot
16 143 (4.29%) SOAP
17 135 (4.05%) Redux
18 109 (3.27%) CSS3
19 93 (2.79%) ASP.NET
20 87 (2.61%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 248 (7.44%) Analytical Skills
2 199 (5.97%) User Experience
3 94 (2.82%) Mobile App
4 80 (2.40%) Greenfield Project
5 77 (2.31%) Data Structures
6 64 (1.92%) Algorithms
7 58 (1.74%) Self-Motivation
8 56 (1.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 45 (1.35%) Linux Command Line
10 42 (1.26%) Enterprise Software
11 39 (1.17%) Cloud Native
12 37 (1.11%) Management Information System
13 36 (1.08%) Derivative
14 34 (1.02%) Virtual Team
15 30 (0.90%) Data Centre
16 29 (0.87%) Public Cloud
17 27 (0.81%) PKI
18 22 (0.66%) Fixed Income
19 20 (0.60%) Semantic Web
20 19 (0.57%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 435 (13.05%) Linux
2 315 (9.45%) Windows
3 272 (8.16%) Unix
4 83 (2.49%) Android
5 73 (2.19%) Apple iOS
6 63 (1.89%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 53 (1.59%) Mac OS X
8 41 (1.23%) Ubuntu
8 41 (1.23%) Windows Server
9 39 (1.17%) CentOS
10 24 (0.72%) Mac OS
11 19 (0.57%) Debian
12 17 (0.51%) Solaris
13 9 (0.27%) Oracle Linux
13 9 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
13 9 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
14 6 (0.18%) AIX
15 5 (0.15%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
16 4 (0.12%) CoreOS
16 4 (0.12%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 1,914 (57.41%) Agile Software Development
2 903 (27.08%) DevOps
3 729 (21.87%) Continuous Integration
4 664 (19.92%) Scrum
5 658 (19.74%) TDD
6 528 (15.84%) BDD
7 420 (12.60%) Microservices
8 376 (11.28%) Test Scripting
9 304 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
10 295 (8.85%) Software Engineering
11 271 (8.13%) Open Source
12 262 (7.86%) Continuous Delivery
13 258 (7.74%) SDLC
14 251 (7.53%) Kanban
15 225 (6.75%) Test Strategy
16 223 (6.69%) Continuous Deployment
17 216 (6.48%) Regression Testing
18 201 (6.03%) Mentoring
19 189 (5.67%) Unit Testing
19 189 (5.67%) Web Development
Programming Languages
1 1,152 (34.55%) Java
2 831 (24.93%) JavaScript
3 691 (20.73%) SQL
4 614 (18.42%) C#
5 556 (16.68%) Python
6 218 (6.54%) Java 8
7 199 (5.97%) TypeScript
8 185 (5.55%) PowerShell
9 183 (5.49%) Ruby
10 161 (4.83%) Scala
11 127 (3.81%) Bash Shell
12 114 (3.42%) C
13 107 (3.21%) C++
14 74 (2.22%) ES6
15 72 (2.16%) Groovy
16 64 (1.92%) T-SQL
17 60 (1.80%) PHP
18 59 (1.77%) Perl
19 54 (1.62%) Shell Script
20 40 (1.20%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 501 (15.03%) Security Cleared
2 372 (11.16%) SC Cleared
3 227 (6.81%) ISTQB
4 178 (5.34%) ISEB
5 167 (5.01%) Degree
6 107 (3.21%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 70 (2.10%) BPSS Clearance
8 60 (1.80%) DV Cleared
9 28 (0.84%) Computer Science Degree
10 27 (0.81%) Master's Degree
11 24 (0.72%) CCNA
11 24 (0.72%) Cisco Certification
12 19 (0.57%) ISEB Practitioner
13 16 (0.48%) DBS Check
14 13 (0.39%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 11 (0.33%) AWS Certification
15 11 (0.33%) PhD
16 10 (0.30%) Microsoft Certification
17 7 (0.21%) CISSP
17 7 (0.21%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 491 (14.73%) QA
2 51 (1.53%) WCAG
3 14 (0.42%) SLA
4 13 (0.39%) Data Quality
4 13 (0.39%) GDPR
5 12 (0.36%) Disclosure Scotland
6 3 (0.090%) ISO 20022
6 3 (0.090%) ISO/IEC 20000
6 3 (0.090%) JTAG
6 3 (0.090%) MiFID
6 3 (0.090%) PMO
7 2 (0.060%) EMIR
7 2 (0.060%) GxP
7 2 (0.060%) HL7
7 2 (0.060%) IFRS
7 2 (0.060%) NIST
7 2 (0.060%) PSD2
7 2 (0.060%) Solvency II
7 2 (0.060%) WAI
8 1 (0.030%) ISO/IEC 17025
System Software
1 414 (12.42%) Docker
2 78 (2.34%) Active Directory
3 71 (2.13%) Virtual Machines
4 26 (0.78%) vSphere
5 21 (0.63%) VMware Infrastructure
6 18 (0.54%) HDFS
7 9 (0.27%) Firmware
8 6 (0.18%) Hyper-V
8 6 (0.18%) NFS
8 6 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
9 5 (0.15%) Oracle RAC
9 5 (0.15%) VirtualBox
10 4 (0.12%) RACF
11 3 (0.090%) LXC
11 3 (0.090%) Virtual Servers
12 2 (0.060%) Samba
12 2 (0.060%) Xen
13 1 (0.030%) Apache Flume
13 1 (0.030%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 1 (0.030%) Microsoft Virtual Server
Systems Management
1 306 (9.18%) Kubernetes
2 209 (6.27%) Ansible
3 204 (6.12%) Terraform
4 109 (3.27%) Puppet
5 91 (2.73%) Opscode Chef
6 53 (1.59%) Kibana
7 44 (1.32%) HP Quality Center
8 38 (1.14%) Grafana
9 37 (1.11%) HP ALM
10 20 (0.60%) Packer
11 15 (0.45%) Prometheus
12 12 (0.36%) OpenView Configuration Management
13 10 (0.30%) Docker Swarm
13 10 (0.30%) Nagios
13 10 (0.30%) Single Sign-On
14 9 (0.27%) Control-M
15 8 (0.24%) Salt
16 7 (0.21%) Oracle Enterprise Manager
17 6 (0.18%) Istio
17 6 (0.18%) WSUS
Vendors
1 368 (11.04%) Microsoft
2 255 (7.65%) Oracle
3 127 (3.81%) Google
4 106 (3.18%) SAP
5 75 (2.25%) Atlassian
6 57 (1.71%) HP
7 56 (1.68%) IBM
8 55 (1.65%) Splunk
9 41 (1.23%) VMware
10 35 (1.05%) Red Hat
11 29 (0.87%) hybris
12 25 (0.75%) MuleSoft
13 22 (0.66%) Salesforce.com
14 21 (0.63%) ServiceNow
15 20 (0.60%) Informatica
16 19 (0.57%) Cisco
16 19 (0.57%) New Relic
16 19 (0.57%) Talend
16 19 (0.57%) webMethods
17 18 (0.54%) Xamarin