Period
to 21 August 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 August 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
21 Aug 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 31 39 39
Rank change year-on-year +8 0 +12
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 6,582 5,050 4,939
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 6.45% 5.27% 4.55%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 7.48% 6.16% 5.37%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,446 3,419 3,238
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £420
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +1.19% +5.00%
10th Percentile £313 £300 £287
90th Percentile £600 £588 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £388 £375
% change year-on-year +3.23% +3.33% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 43 79
UK median hourly rate £40.38 £37.50 £38.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.67% -2.60% +2.67%
10th Percentile £16.25 £17.11 £25.10
90th Percentile £74.63 £52.25 £59.31
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £38.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% -2.60% +2.67%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 88,010 81,989 92,052
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.19% 85.54% 84.86%
Number of daily rates quoted 58,032 53,704 60,739
UK median daily rate £450 £450 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,377 2,066 2,306
UK median hourly rate £21.00 £25.00 £23.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -16.00% +6.38% +9.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.44 £11.25
90th Percentile £50.00 £50.08 £47.91
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.00 £25.00 £24.00
% change year-on-year -20.00% +4.17% +11.14%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 August 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 21 August 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +8 5,916 £450 +5.88% 1,582
UK excluding London +7 3,590 £400 +3.23% 1,120
London +7 2,913 £500 +5.26% 580
South East +9 1,045 £425 +9.68% 245
North of England +4 819 £400 - 280
Midlands +10 466 £405 +8.00% 159
Yorkshire -6 396 £400 -4.76% 105
South West +2 376 £388 +3.33% 172
Scotland +11 349 £370 -1.33% 75
North West 0 333 £414 +3.44% 160
East of England +10 301 £463 +15.63% 145
West Midlands +15 282 £425 +13.33% 101
Wales +18 192 £400 +11.11% 27
East Midlands +8 182 £375 +3.45% 58
North East -10 91 £383 +10.26% 15
Northern Ireland +8 53 £432 +4.61% 17
Channel Islands -7 1 - -

For the 6 months to 21 August 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 4,304 (65.39%) Agile Software Development
2 2,762 (41.96%) Java
3 2,225 (33.80%) Selenium
4 1,715 (26.06%) TDD
5 1,665 (25.30%) JavaScript
6 1,573 (23.90%) Continuous Integration
7 1,563 (23.75%) Scrum
8 1,471 (22.35%) Git (software)
9 1,455 (22.11%) Jenkins
10 1,447 (21.98%) BDD
11 1,334 (20.27%) Cucumber
12 1,330 (20.21%) SQL
13 1,232 (18.72%) DevOps
14 1,224 (18.60%) C#
15 1,189 (18.06%) QA
16 1,159 (17.61%) JIRA
17 979 (14.87%) Finance
18 948 (14.40%) Linux
19 937 (14.24%) HTML
20 893 (13.57%) Amazon AWS
21 865 (13.14%) Python
22 858 (13.04%) .NET
23 839 (12.75%) Microservices
24 814 (12.37%) Web Services
25 805 (12.23%) RESTful
26 803 (12.20%) CSS
27 722 (10.97%) Test Scripting
28 719 (10.92%) OO
29 716 (10.88%) REST
30 681 (10.35%) Docker

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 598 (9.09%) Confluence
2 158 (2.40%) Apache
3 154 (2.34%) Tomcat
4 121 (1.84%) CMS
5 105 (1.60%) Apache Spark
6 80 (1.22%) Elasticsearch
7 78 (1.19%) JBoss
8 71 (1.08%) WebLogic
9 66 (1.00%) WebSphere
10 58 (0.88%) nginx
11 56 (0.85%) Cloud Foundry
12 52 (0.79%) WildFly
13 40 (0.61%) Mule
14 36 (0.55%) IIS
15 34 (0.52%) SharePoint
16 32 (0.49%) OpenStack
17 31 (0.47%) NServiceBus
18 29 (0.44%) Drupal
19 26 (0.40%) Jetty
20 22 (0.33%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 116 (1.76%) Microsoft Excel
2 70 (1.06%) MS Visio
3 53 (0.81%) Microsoft Office
4 22 (0.33%) Microsoft Project
5 20 (0.30%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 16 (0.24%) Photoshop
7 11 (0.17%) Spreadsheet
8 10 (0.15%) Chatbot
9 3 (0.046%) Simulink
10 1 (0.015%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.015%) HipChat
10 1 (0.015%) Revit
Business Applications
1 41 (0.62%) Dynamics CRM
2 11 (0.17%) Magento
2 11 (0.17%) Markit EDM
2 11 (0.17%) Remedy ITSM
3 8 (0.12%) SAP Hybris
4 7 (0.11%) Endur
4 7 (0.11%) SAP FI
4 7 (0.11%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 6 (0.091%) SAP S/4HANA
5 6 (0.091%) Summit
5 6 (0.091%) thinkFolio
6 5 (0.076%) ION MarketView
6 5 (0.076%) Oracle EBS
6 5 (0.076%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.061%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.046%) Distributed Ledger
8 3 (0.046%) LatentZero
8 3 (0.046%) Oracle ERP
8 3 (0.046%) Unica
9 2 (0.030%) Sage 50
Cloud Services
1 893 (13.57%) Amazon AWS
2 570 (8.66%) Microsoft Azure
3 296 (4.50%) GitHub
4 105 (1.60%) PaaS
5 104 (1.58%) BrowserStack
6 100 (1.52%) SaaS
7 91 (1.38%) npm
8 90 (1.37%) Google Cloud Platform
9 87 (1.32%) Amazon EC2
10 85 (1.29%) Serverless
11 82 (1.25%) OpenShift
12 77 (1.17%) Sauce Labs
13 65 (0.99%) Amazon S3
13 65 (0.99%) IaaS
14 56 (0.85%) Office 365
15 54 (0.82%) Slack
15 54 (0.82%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 47 (0.71%) AWS Lambda
16 47 (0.71%) Google Analytics
17 43 (0.65%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 345 (5.24%) HTTP
2 169 (2.57%) TCP/IP
3 118 (1.79%) SSL
4 99 (1.50%) DNS
5 83 (1.26%) Internet
6 66 (1.00%) DHCP
7 38 (0.58%) Firewall
8 36 (0.55%) SMS
9 29 (0.44%) FTP
10 25 (0.38%) PuTTY
10 25 (0.38%) WinSCP
11 24 (0.36%) IPsec
12 22 (0.33%) AMQP
13 19 (0.29%) Wireless
14 15 (0.23%) Kerberos
15 14 (0.21%) DSL
15 14 (0.21%) HTTPS
15 14 (0.21%) VLAN
15 14 (0.21%) VPN
16 13 (0.20%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 560 (8.51%) SQL Server
2 445 (6.76%) Relational Database
3 333 (5.06%) MongoDB
4 313 (4.76%) NoSQL
5 296 (4.50%) MySQL
6 246 (3.74%) PostgreSQL
7 227 (3.45%) Big Data
8 180 (2.73%) RDBMS
9 161 (2.45%) Data Warehouse
10 160 (2.43%) Hadoop
11 107 (1.63%) Apache Cassandra
12 90 (1.37%) Redis
13 87 (1.32%) Oracle Database
14 85 (1.29%) Apache Hive
15 57 (0.87%) SQL Server 2016
16 56 (0.85%) SQL Server 2012
17 55 (0.84%) HBase
18 48 (0.73%) Impala
19 47 (0.71%) Sqoop
20 45 (0.68%) Amazon Redshift
Development Applications
1 2,225 (33.80%) Selenium
2 1,471 (22.35%) Git (software)
3 1,455 (22.11%) Jenkins
4 1,334 (20.27%) Cucumber
5 1,159 (17.61%) JIRA
6 584 (8.87%) WebDriver
7 551 (8.37%) Maven
8 511 (7.76%) JUnit
9 454 (6.90%) SpecFlow
10 450 (6.84%) SoapUI
11 335 (5.09%) JMeter
12 297 (4.51%) Subversion
13 286 (4.35%) Team Foundation Server
14 267 (4.06%) TeamCity
15 210 (3.19%) HP UFT
16 201 (3.05%) Visual Studio
17 179 (2.72%) Gradle
18 171 (2.60%) Eclipse
19 168 (2.55%) SonarQube
20 161 (2.45%) Bitbucket
General
1 979 (14.87%) Finance
2 556 (8.45%) Banking
3 232 (3.52%) Retail
4 119 (1.81%) Front Office
5 107 (1.63%) Games
6 106 (1.61%) Telecoms
7 94 (1.43%) Investment Banking
8 85 (1.29%) Marketing
9 79 (1.20%) Back Office
10 56 (0.85%) Manufacturing
11 47 (0.71%) Electronics
12 44 (0.67%) Financial Institution
13 41 (0.62%) Advertising
14 29 (0.44%) Law
15 26 (0.40%) Legal
16 24 (0.36%) Publishing
17 23 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
17 23 (0.35%) Retail Banking
18 19 (0.29%) Automotive
19 8 (0.12%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,328 (35.37%) Developer
2 949 (14.42%) Tester
3 837 (12.72%) Analyst
4 719 (10.92%) Java Developer
5 704 (10.70%) Test Analyst
6 672 (10.21%) Automation Tester
7 508 (7.72%) Test Engineer
8 337 (5.12%) Automation Test Analyst
9 328 (4.98%) DevOps Engineer
10 296 (4.50%) Test Automation Engineer
11 267 (4.06%) Senior Developer
12 232 (3.52%) Architect
13 231 (3.51%) Developer in Test
14 218 (3.31%) Software Engineer
15 207 (3.14%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 193 (2.93%) QA Engineer
17 185 (2.81%) Test Manager
18 183 (2.78%) C# Developer
19 182 (2.77%) .NET Developer
20 181 (2.75%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 937 (14.24%) HTML
2 858 (13.04%) .NET
3 814 (12.37%) Web Services
4 805 (12.23%) RESTful
5 803 (12.20%) CSS
6 716 (10.88%) REST
7 637 (9.68%) AngularJS
8 593 (9.01%) Spring
9 583 (8.86%) Node.js
10 491 (7.46%) Gherkin
11 477 (7.25%) JSON
12 453 (6.88%) HTML5
13 451 (6.85%) React
14 434 (6.59%) XML
15 405 (6.15%) SOAP
16 321 (4.88%) Hibernate
17 309 (4.69%) jQuery
18 293 (4.45%) CSS3
19 265 (4.03%) Spring Boot
20 264 (4.01%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 351 (5.33%) Analytical Skills
2 312 (4.74%) User Experience
3 276 (4.19%) Greenfield Project
4 244 (3.71%) Mobile App
5 234 (3.56%) Computer Science
6 177 (2.69%) Self-Motivation
7 158 (2.40%) Linux Command Line
8 131 (1.99%) Fintech
9 100 (1.52%) Enterprise Software
10 95 (1.44%) Algorithms
11 94 (1.43%) Data Structures
12 82 (1.25%) Virtual Team
13 80 (1.22%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
14 70 (1.06%) Data Centre
14 70 (1.06%) Fixed Income
15 63 (0.96%) Clustering
16 59 (0.90%) Derivative
17 57 (0.87%) Public Cloud
17 57 (0.87%) Wiki
18 46 (0.70%) Equities
Operating Systems
1 948 (14.40%) Linux
2 556 (8.45%) Unix
3 552 (8.39%) Windows
4 217 (3.30%) Apple iOS
5 202 (3.07%) Android
6 139 (2.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 89 (1.35%) Ubuntu
8 76 (1.15%) VMS
9 66 (1.00%) Mac OS X
10 61 (0.93%) AIX
11 57 (0.87%) Windows Server
12 56 (0.85%) Windows 7
13 55 (0.84%) CentOS
14 50 (0.76%) Windows Server 2003
15 49 (0.74%) Windows Server 2008
16 28 (0.43%) Windows Server 2012
17 26 (0.40%) Mac OS
18 14 (0.21%) Solaris
19 10 (0.15%) Windows 10
20 9 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 4,304 (65.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1,715 (26.06%) TDD
3 1,573 (23.90%) Continuous Integration
4 1,563 (23.75%) Scrum
5 1,447 (21.98%) BDD
6 1,232 (18.72%) DevOps
7 839 (12.75%) Microservices
8 722 (10.97%) Test Scripting
9 719 (10.92%) OO
10 613 (9.31%) Open Source
11 602 (9.15%) Software Engineering
12 600 (9.12%) Kanban
13 558 (8.48%) Unit Testing
14 539 (8.19%) Continuous Delivery
14 539 (8.19%) Problem-Solving
15 538 (8.17%) API Testing
16 526 (7.99%) SDLC
16 526 (7.99%) Test Strategy
17 489 (7.43%) Configuration Management
18 430 (6.53%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 2,762 (41.96%) Java
2 1,665 (25.30%) JavaScript
3 1,330 (20.21%) SQL
4 1,224 (18.60%) C#
5 865 (13.14%) Python
6 414 (6.29%) Ruby
7 390 (5.93%) Java 8
8 265 (4.03%) Scala
9 247 (3.75%) Groovy
10 243 (3.69%) Bash Shell
11 198 (3.01%) PowerShell
12 196 (2.98%) PHP
13 180 (2.73%) C++
14 173 (2.63%) Perl
15 169 (2.57%) ES6
16 164 (2.49%) TypeScript
17 156 (2.37%) C
18 122 (1.85%) Shell Script
19 110 (1.67%) T-SQL
20 86 (1.31%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 662 (10.06%) Security Cleared
2 561 (8.52%) SC Cleared
3 373 (5.67%) ISTQB
4 304 (4.62%) Degree
5 285 (4.33%) ISEB
6 140 (2.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 88 (1.34%) Computer Science Degree
8 82 (1.25%) BPSS Clearance
9 52 (0.79%) DV Cleared
10 41 (0.62%) ISEB Practitioner
11 23 (0.35%) Microsoft Certification
12 20 (0.30%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 20 (0.30%) PMP
13 17 (0.26%) AWS Certification
14 16 (0.24%) CISSP
15 15 (0.23%) Master's Degree
15 15 (0.23%) PMI Certification
16 14 (0.21%) DBS Check
17 10 (0.15%) CISA
17 10 (0.15%) CSSLP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,189 (18.06%) QA
2 42 (0.64%) Data Quality
3 26 (0.40%) WCAG
4 25 (0.38%) SLA
5 23 (0.35%) GDPR
6 20 (0.30%) GCP
7 17 (0.26%) PMO
8 16 (0.24%) Disclosure Scotland
9 12 (0.18%) WAI
10 8 (0.12%) PCI DSS
11 7 (0.11%) 21 CFR Part 11
11 7 (0.11%) GMP
11 7 (0.11%) MiFID
12 4 (0.061%) Dodd-Frank
12 4 (0.061%) EMIR
12 4 (0.061%) HMG Security Policy Framework
12 4 (0.061%) PSD2
12 4 (0.061%) Sarbanes-Oxley
13 3 (0.046%) IFRS
13 3 (0.046%) ISO 22301
System Software
1 681 (10.35%) Docker
2 83 (1.26%) Active Directory
3 82 (1.25%) VMware Infrastructure
4 66 (1.00%) HDFS
5 56 (0.85%) Virtual Machines
6 55 (0.84%) Hyper-V
7 47 (0.71%) VMware ESXi
8 40 (0.61%) Virtual Desktop
9 32 (0.49%) vSphere
10 13 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 12 (0.18%) Firmware
12 11 (0.17%) oVirt
12 11 (0.17%) RHEV
13 9 (0.14%) Virtual Servers
14 6 (0.091%) Varnish
14 6 (0.091%) VirtualBox
15 5 (0.076%) NFS
15 5 (0.076%) Xen
16 4 (0.061%) ProxySG
17 3 (0.046%) RACF
Systems Management
1 435 (6.61%) Puppet
2 370 (5.62%) Ansible
3 299 (4.54%) Kubernetes
4 267 (4.06%) Opscode Chef
5 143 (2.17%) Terraform
6 127 (1.93%) HP ALM
7 93 (1.41%) Kibana
8 88 (1.34%) HP Quality Center
9 77 (1.17%) Grafana
10 47 (0.71%) McAfee ePO
10 47 (0.71%) Packer
11 45 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
12 36 (0.55%) Nagios
13 35 (0.53%) logstash
14 34 (0.52%) Prometheus
15 25 (0.38%) Rancher
16 23 (0.35%) Salt
17 19 (0.29%) Mesos
18 15 (0.23%) Docker Swarm
18 15 (0.23%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 508 (7.72%) Oracle
2 494 (7.51%) Microsoft
3 213 (3.24%) Google
4 198 (3.01%) HP
5 146 (2.22%) Atlassian
6 129 (1.96%) VMware
7 105 (1.60%) Red Hat
8 91 (1.38%) SAP
9 90 (1.37%) Splunk
10 83 (1.26%) IBM
11 68 (1.03%) New Relic
12 63 (0.96%) webMethods
13 58 (0.88%) Zend
14 56 (0.85%) Adobe
14 56 (0.85%) Cloudera
15 54 (0.82%) McAfee
16 52 (0.79%) Citrix
17 49 (0.74%) Veritas
18 47 (0.71%) Salesforce.com
19 43 (0.65%) Perforce