The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 24 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
3 months to
24 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 36 41 50
Rank change year-on-year +5 +9  
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2399 2357 2078
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.19% 4.38% 3.70%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.14% 5.26% 4.59%
Number of daily rates quoted 1625 1542 1398
Median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.65% +2.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £290 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 20 26 40
Median hourly rate £38.25 £38.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.65% +8.57%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £24.50 £14.96 £30.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.92 £55.66 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £37.50 £38.00 £34.90
% change year-on-year -1.31% +8.88%  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 39081 44816 45249
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.35% 80.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 25486 29721 28985
Median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +6.06%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £380
% change year-on-year +3.75% +5.26%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1041 1082 1268
Median hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.18% -  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.58 £12.35
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £49.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £34.00 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +19.29% -5.00%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Test Automation as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 24 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 24 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 3 months to 24 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +3 2205 £425 - 775
London +5 1059 £475 +5.55% 309
South East -4 351 £395 -1.25% 125
City of London +8 214 £475 - 76
Yorkshire +28 170 £425 +6.25% 53
South West +21 166 £375 - 52
East of England +39 130 £449 +5.58% 53
West Yorkshire +12 118 £410 +0.92% 35
North West +1 118 £400 +3.22% 97
Leeds +10 103 £400 -3.03% 30
West Midlands +12 82 £369 +5.35% 40
Scotland +12 82 £375 +15.38% 27
East Midlands +18 80 £388 +19.23% 29
Surrey +30 71 £375 -16.66% 33
Essex +39 69 £481 +13.23%
Manchester +3 69 £375 +5.63% 61
Berkshire +7 55 £365 -2.66% 17
Buckinghamshire +16 53 £325 -3.70% 8
Oxfordshire -5 53 £450 +5.88% 16
Devon +10 50 £423 +32.18% 4
Hampshire -31 48 £325 -18.75% 32
Southend-on-Sea - 47 £500 -
Edinburgh +8 46 £375 +7.14% 12
Plymouth - 46 £425 - 1
South Yorkshire +31 45 £500 +29.87% 3
Milton Keynes +20 44 £325 - 6
North East +34 43 £335 +3.07% 17
Nottinghamshire +12 41 £375 +8.69% 14
Sheffield +32 39 £500 +29.87% 3
Somerset +19 37 £388 +3.33% 6

For the 6 months to 24 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3281 (66.40%) Agile Software Development
2 2022 (40.92%) Java
3 1442 (29.18%) Selenium
4 1440 (29.14%) Continuous Integration
5 1430 (28.94%) TDD
6 1297 (26.25%) Scrum
7 1147 (23.21%) JavaScript
8 1123 (22.73%) Jenkins
9 1097 (22.20%) Git (software)
10 1011 (20.46%) BDD
11 991 (20.06%) SQL
12 957 (19.37%) QA
13 890 (18.01%) HTML
14 876 (17.73%) JIRA
15 864 (17.49%) C#
16 844 (17.08%) Linux
17 838 (16.96%) Cucumber
18 828 (16.76%) CSS
19 787 (15.93%) Python
20 780 (15.79%) Finance
21 743 (15.04%) DevOps
22 722 (14.61%) Web Services
23 623 (12.61%) REST
24 597 (12.08%) WebDriver
25 574 (11.62%) Software Engineering
26 573 (11.60%) .NET
27 561 (11.35%) Test Scripting
28 556 (11.25%) Open Source
29 521 (10.54%) Banking
30 510 (10.32%) AngularJS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 354 (7.16%) Confluence
2 126 (2.55%) Apache
3 124 (2.51%) Tomcat
4 110 (2.23%) JBoss
5 98 (1.98%) CMS
6 79 (1.60%) SharePoint
7 69 (1.40%) Elasticsearch
8 67 (1.36%) Apache Spark
9 64 (1.30%) WebLogic
10 62 (1.25%) nginx
11 54 (1.09%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 46 (0.93%) WebSphere
13 30 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
14 26 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 25 (0.51%) IIS
16 18 (0.36%) NServiceBus
17 16 (0.32%) OpenStack
18 15 (0.30%) Apache Solr
19 14 (0.28%) Drupal
20 12 (0.24%) SharePoint 2010
Applications
1 49 (0.99%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.061%) Mingle
8 2 (0.040%) Simulink
9 1 (0.020%) GIMP
9 1 (0.020%) HipChat
9 1 (0.020%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 46 (0.93%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 33 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.49%) Magento
4 21 (0.43%) Oracle Applications
5 10 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.12%) Endur
6 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.081%) RMDS
8 4 (0.081%) SunGard Martini
9 3 (0.061%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.061%) ION MarketView
9 3 (0.061%) Loan IQ
9 3 (0.061%) Maximo
9 3 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.040%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.040%) SAP CO
10 2 (0.040%) SAP FI
10 2 (0.040%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 381 (7.71%) Amazon AWS
2 213 (4.31%) Microsoft Azure
3 138 (2.79%) GitHub
4 50 (1.01%) PaaS
5 49 (0.99%) SaaS
6 45 (0.91%) OpenShift
7 39 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (0.77%) IaaS
9 37 (0.75%) Cloud Computing
10 31 (0.63%) Google Cloud Platform
11 28 (0.57%) AWS Lambda
12 27 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
12 27 (0.55%) BrowserStack
12 27 (0.55%) Slack
13 25 (0.51%) Sauce Labs
14 22 (0.45%) Google Analytics
15 16 (0.32%) Amazon S3
16 14 (0.28%) Salesforce Service Cloud
17 13 (0.26%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 13 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 414 (8.38%) HTTP
2 148 (3.00%) Internet
3 132 (2.67%) TCP/IP
4 109 (2.21%) SSL
5 60 (1.21%) LDAP
6 29 (0.59%) Network Security
6 29 (0.59%) PuTTY
7 28 (0.57%) DNS
7 28 (0.57%) WinSCP
7 28 (0.57%) Wireless
8 26 (0.53%) Firewall
9 18 (0.36%) Kerberos
9 18 (0.36%) Wireshark
10 15 (0.30%) LTE
11 14 (0.28%) Extranet
11 14 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
12 12 (0.24%) 4G
12 12 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.22%) Bluetooth
14 10 (0.20%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 439 (8.88%) Relational Database
2 370 (7.49%) SQL Server
3 265 (5.36%) MongoDB
4 194 (3.93%) NoSQL
5 183 (3.70%) PostgreSQL
6 161 (3.26%) MySQL
7 125 (2.53%) Hadoop
8 123 (2.49%) Oracle Database
9 113 (2.29%) Big Data
10 90 (1.82%) RDBMS
11 89 (1.80%) Data Warehouse
12 76 (1.54%) Redis
13 66 (1.34%) Oracle Database 11g
14 57 (1.15%) SQL Server 2012
15 56 (1.13%) DB2
16 44 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
16 44 (0.89%) SQL Server 2008
17 33 (0.67%) Oracle Reports
18 32 (0.65%) Oracle Database 10g
19 30 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1442 (29.18%) Selenium
2 1123 (22.73%) Jenkins
3 1097 (22.20%) Git (software)
4 876 (17.73%) JIRA
5 838 (16.96%) Cucumber
6 597 (12.08%) WebDriver
7 411 (8.32%) JUnit
8 384 (7.77%) Subversion
9 291 (5.89%) Team Foundation Server
10 272 (5.50%) Maven
11 267 (5.40%) SoapUI
12 238 (4.82%) SpecFlow
13 199 (4.03%) TeamCity
14 193 (3.91%) HP UFT
15 172 (3.48%) Visual Studio
16 153 (3.10%) JMeter
17 144 (2.91%) Gradle
18 143 (2.89%) gulp
19 131 (2.65%) Grunt
20 122 (2.47%) Ant
General
1 780 (15.79%) Finance
2 521 (10.54%) Banking
3 183 (3.70%) Retail
4 147 (2.98%) Investment Banking
5 126 (2.55%) Games
6 116 (2.35%) Telecoms
7 112 (2.27%) Marketing
8 107 (2.17%) Front Office
9 65 (1.32%) Manufacturing
10 61 (1.23%) Electronics
11 50 (1.01%) Back Office
12 44 (0.89%) Legal
13 38 (0.77%) Publishing
14 26 (0.53%) Retail Banking
15 22 (0.45%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.43%) Corporate Banking
17 20 (0.40%) Advertising
17 20 (0.40%) Law
18 11 (0.22%) Automotive
19 10 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1970 (39.87%) Developer
2 763 (15.44%) Tester
3 668 (13.52%) Analyst
4 612 (12.39%) Java Developer
5 562 (11.37%) Test Analyst
6 509 (10.30%) Automation Tester
7 338 (6.84%) Test Engineer
8 265 (5.36%) Senior Developer
9 253 (5.12%) Automation Test Analyst
10 237 (4.80%) DevOps Engineer
11 196 (3.97%) .NET Developer
12 194 (3.93%) C# Developer
13 187 (3.78%) QA Engineer
13 187 (3.78%) Scala Developer
14 176 (3.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
15 165 (3.34%) JavaScript Developer
16 163 (3.30%) Test Automation Engineer
17 158 (3.20%) Test Manager
18 139 (2.81%) Selenium Tester
18 139 (2.81%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 890 (18.01%) HTML
2 828 (16.76%) CSS
3 722 (14.61%) Web Services
4 623 (12.61%) REST
5 573 (11.60%) .NET
6 510 (10.32%) AngularJS
7 497 (10.06%) JSON
8 492 (9.96%) RESTful
9 471 (9.53%) HTML5
10 457 (9.25%) Spring
11 384 (7.77%) XML
12 380 (7.69%) Node.js
13 354 (7.16%) SOAP
14 344 (6.96%) CSS3
15 281 (5.69%) React
16 260 (5.26%) Gherkin
17 250 (5.06%) jQuery
18 201 (4.07%) Ajax
19 198 (4.01%) ASP.NET
20 181 (3.66%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 301 (6.09%) Analytical Skills
2 214 (4.33%) User Experience
3 213 (4.31%) Mobile App
4 179 (3.62%) Computer Science
5 120 (2.43%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 110 (2.23%) Data Structures
7 105 (2.13%) Greenfield Project
8 73 (1.48%) Algorithms
9 71 (1.44%) Enterprise Software
10 51 (1.03%) Linux Command Line
11 48 (0.97%) Fixed Income
12 45 (0.91%) Management Information System
12 45 (0.91%) STB
13 44 (0.89%) Derivative
14 43 (0.87%) Equities
14 43 (0.87%) iPhone
15 36 (0.73%) Fintech
16 31 (0.63%) iPad
16 31 (0.63%) Virtual Team
17 26 (0.53%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 844 (17.08%) Linux
2 422 (8.54%) Unix
3 326 (6.60%) Windows
4 235 (4.76%) Apple iOS
5 183 (3.70%) Android
6 147 (2.98%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 118 (2.39%) Mac OS X
8 49 (0.99%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.71%) Mac OS
10 34 (0.69%) CentOS
11 32 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
12 31 (0.63%) Ubuntu
13 18 (0.36%) Solaris
14 9 (0.18%) VMS
15 8 (0.16%) Windows 10
16 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
17 6 (0.12%) AIX
18 4 (0.081%) HPUX
18 4 (0.081%) Windows Server 2003
19 3 (0.061%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3281 (66.40%) Agile Software Development
2 1440 (29.14%) Continuous Integration
3 1430 (28.94%) TDD
4 1297 (26.25%) Scrum
5 1011 (20.46%) BDD
6 743 (15.04%) DevOps
7 574 (11.62%) Software Engineering
8 561 (11.35%) Test Scripting
9 556 (11.25%) Open Source
10 472 (9.55%) Kanban
11 442 (8.95%) Test Strategy
12 436 (8.82%) Unit Testing
13 428 (8.66%) OO
14 420 (8.50%) Configuration Management
15 380 (7.69%) MVC
16 379 (7.67%) Regression Testing
17 374 (7.57%) Web Development
18 370 (7.49%) Continuous Delivery
19 361 (7.31%) Mentoring
19 361 (7.31%) Microservices
Programming Languages
1 2022 (40.92%) Java
2 1147 (23.21%) JavaScript
3 991 (20.06%) SQL
4 864 (17.49%) C#
5 787 (15.93%) Python
6 500 (10.12%) Ruby
7 388 (7.85%) Scala
8 202 (4.09%) Groovy
9 163 (3.30%) Perl
10 161 (3.26%) C++
11 135 (2.73%) Bash Shell
12 121 (2.45%) PHP
13 113 (2.29%) Shell Script
14 105 (2.13%) Apple Swift
14 105 (2.13%) C
15 101 (2.04%) ES6
16 96 (1.94%) PowerShell
17 95 (1.92%) PL/SQL
18 62 (1.25%) Objective-C
19 50 (1.01%) VB
Qualifications
1 342 (6.92%) Security Cleared
2 320 (6.48%) ISTQB
3 284 (5.75%) ISEB
4 258 (5.22%) Degree
5 214 (4.33%) SC Cleared
6 124 (2.51%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 92 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
8 76 (1.54%) BPSS Clearance
9 36 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 21 (0.43%) ISEB Practitioner
11 17 (0.34%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.26%) CESG Certified Professional
13 11 (0.22%) Master's Degree
13 11 (0.22%) RHCE
14 9 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
14 9 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
15 8 (0.16%) MBA
16 7 (0.14%) RHCSA
17 5 (0.10%) DBS Check
17 5 (0.10%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 957 (19.37%) QA
2 57 (1.15%) MiFID
3 50 (1.01%) Disclosure Scotland
4 31 (0.63%) WCAG
5 25 (0.51%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.45%) Dodd-Frank
7 18 (0.36%) EMIR
8 14 (0.28%) HL7
9 12 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 11 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.22%) WAI
11 7 (0.14%) SLA
12 6 (0.12%) GMP
13 5 (0.10%) 21 CFR Part 11
14 3 (0.061%) GxP
14 3 (0.061%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 3 (0.061%) PMO
15 2 (0.040%) GDPR
15 2 (0.040%) ISO 9000
15 2 (0.040%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 377 (7.63%) Docker
2 44 (0.89%) Virtual Machines
3 35 (0.71%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.59%) vSphere
5 26 (0.53%) VirtualBox
6 24 (0.49%) Active Directory
7 21 (0.43%) Apache Flume
8 16 (0.32%) HDFS
9 15 (0.30%) Firmware
10 12 (0.24%) Shibboleth
11 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
11 7 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
11 7 (0.14%) Xen
12 6 (0.12%) Terminal Services
12 6 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
13 5 (0.10%) LXC
14 3 (0.061%) Microsoft App-V
14 3 (0.061%) VMware ESXi
14 3 (0.061%) XenServer
15 2 (0.040%) Virtual Desktop
Systems Management
1 265 (5.36%) Puppet
2 201 (4.07%) Ansible
3 179 (3.62%) Opscode Chef
4 135 (2.73%) HP Quality Center
5 102 (2.06%) Kubernetes
6 53 (1.07%) Terraform
7 46 (0.93%) Kibana
8 38 (0.77%) Grafana
9 24 (0.49%) Rancher
10 21 (0.43%) HockeyApp
10 21 (0.43%) vRealize
11 15 (0.30%) Salt
12 14 (0.28%) ZABBIX
13 13 (0.26%) OpenAM
14 12 (0.24%) logstash
14 12 (0.24%) Prometheus
15 11 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
16 10 (0.20%) Consul
16 10 (0.20%) Mesos
17 9 (0.18%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 443 (8.97%) Oracle
2 338 (6.84%) Microsoft
3 214 (4.33%) HP
4 209 (4.23%) Google
5 111 (2.25%) Red Hat
6 79 (1.60%) IBM
6 79 (1.60%) SAP
7 72 (1.46%) VMware
8 71 (1.44%) Atlassian
9 59 (1.19%) Splunk
10 55 (1.11%) Salesforce.com
11 50 (1.01%) Apple
12 46 (0.93%) New Relic
13 45 (0.91%) Sybase
14 44 (0.89%) Xamarin
15 41 (0.83%) WSO2
16 35 (0.71%) Sitecore
17 33 (0.67%) Perforce
18 32 (0.65%) Adobe
18 32 (0.65%) CA Agile Central
London
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 14 hours ago
Hull, North Humberside
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Greater Manchester
Verticality Ltd
Rate: Day rate £330-£350 per day
Posted: 21 hours ago
Scotland
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
LA International
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 21 hours ago
Nuneaton, Warwickshire
X4 Group
Rate: £200 - 225 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Surrey
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Posted: 23 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £440 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Reed Technology
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500.00 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
FIS Global
Rate: Up to £300 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £235 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Elevate Direct
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
Spring Technology
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
AMS contingency
Posted: 2 days ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £320 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £450 to £460 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £410 per day + SC Clearance granted
Posted: Yesterday
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 4 days ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
IntaPeople
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Woking, Surrey
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £275 per day
Posted: Yesterday
East London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
Livingston, West Lothian
Search Consultancy
Posted: 2 days ago