Period
to 21 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
21 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 35 40 41
Rank change year-on-year +5 +1 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5666 4908 4825
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.49% 4.69% 4.25%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.50% 5.59% 5.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 3997 3223 3311
UK median daily rate £445 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.71% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £306 £293 £275
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £390 £370
% change year-on-year +2.56% +5.41% +5.71%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 56 87
UK median hourly rate £43.00 £40.00 £37.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +7.50% +6.67% +13.64%
10th Percentile £16.98 £31.25 £27.50
90th Percentile £50.76 £59.31 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £43.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +8.75% +6.67% +14.50%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87132 87864 92880
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.49% 83.90% 81.77%
Number of daily rates quoted 58048 58076 60168
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £630 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £385
% change year-on-year - +3.90% +2.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2060 2332 2734
UK median hourly rate £23.50 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.08% +6.67% +18.42%
10th Percentile £11.49 £11.31 £11.50
90th Percentile £49.75 £48.75 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.00 £24.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -2.04% +3.16% +18.75%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 21 November 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 21 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 5124 £450 +5.88% 882
UK excluding London +4 2901 £400 +2.56% 568
London +7 2702 £500 +11.11% 362
South East 0 879 £409 +4.81% 141
North of England +6 638 £400 - 177
Midlands +4 386 £380 +1.33% 86
North West +8 294 £400 - 94
South West +8 289 £375 - 45
Yorkshire +14 284 £413 +3.06% 71
Scotland +9 262 £380 +8.57% 30
East of England 0 231 £425 +1.49% 70
West Midlands -1 216 £400 +8.84% 43
East Midlands +11 167 £375 -6.25% 41
Northern Ireland +28 149 £413 +43.48% 5
Wales -8 74 £375 -15.73% 14
North East +15 68 £413 +24.53% 12
Channel Islands - 5 - -

For the 6 months to 21 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3663 (64.65%) Agile Software Development
2 2494 (44.02%) Java
3 1644 (29.02%) TDD
4 1553 (27.41%) Continuous Integration
5 1460 (25.77%) Selenium
6 1437 (25.36%) Scrum
7 1413 (24.94%) JavaScript
8 1366 (24.11%) Git (software)
9 1304 (23.01%) BDD
10 1231 (21.73%) Jenkins
11 1127 (19.89%) QA
12 1108 (19.56%) SQL
13 1100 (19.41%) Finance
14 1053 (18.58%) JIRA
15 1002 (17.68%) Cucumber
16 936 (16.52%) HTML
17 927 (16.36%) C#
18 863 (15.23%) Banking
19 851 (15.02%) DevOps
20 843 (14.88%) Linux
21 822 (14.51%) CSS
22 777 (13.71%) Web Services
23 771 (13.61%) Python
24 748 (13.20%) REST
25 633 (11.17%) .NET
26 630 (11.12%) OO
27 606 (10.70%) AngularJS
28 605 (10.68%) Amazon AWS
29 585 (10.32%) Software Engineering
30 567 (10.01%) Test Scripting

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 476 (8.40%) Confluence
2 140 (2.47%) Apache
3 131 (2.31%) Tomcat
4 122 (2.15%) JBoss
5 100 (1.76%) CMS
6 93 (1.64%) WebSphere
7 88 (1.55%) Elasticsearch
8 78 (1.38%) Apache Spark
9 77 (1.36%) WebLogic
10 65 (1.15%) SharePoint
11 61 (1.08%) nginx
12 60 (1.06%) Oracle SOA Suite
12 60 (1.06%) WildFly
13 33 (0.58%) Drupal
14 29 (0.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 29 (0.51%) Cloud Foundry
14 29 (0.51%) OpenStack
15 24 (0.42%) IIS
15 24 (0.42%) Jetty
15 24 (0.42%) Mule
Applications
1 72 (1.27%) Microsoft Excel
2 45 (0.79%) Microsoft Office
3 32 (0.56%) Microsoft Project
4 26 (0.46%) MS Visio
5 15 (0.26%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.23%) Photoshop
7 9 (0.16%) Spreadsheet
8 8 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 6 (0.11%) Mingle
9 6 (0.11%) Pipeline Pilot
9 6 (0.11%) Simulink
10 2 (0.035%) GIMP
11 1 (0.018%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.018%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.018%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.018%) HipChat
11 1 (0.018%) InVision
Business Applications
1 34 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 31 (0.55%) Magento
3 19 (0.34%) ION MarketView
4 18 (0.32%) Markit EDM
5 13 (0.23%) Dynamics AX
6 12 (0.21%) Payment Gateway
6 12 (0.21%) SAP Hybris
7 10 (0.18%) Bloomberg TOMS
8 7 (0.12%) Oracle EBS
9 6 (0.11%) RMDS
10 5 (0.088%) Endur
10 5 (0.088%) Oracle Applications
11 4 (0.071%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.053%) IntelliMatch
12 3 (0.053%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.053%) NetSuite
12 3 (0.053%) Salesforce.com CRM
12 3 (0.053%) SunGard Martini
12 3 (0.053%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.035%) SAP ERP
Cloud Services
1 605 (10.68%) Amazon AWS
2 323 (5.70%) Microsoft Azure
3 179 (3.16%) GitHub
4 107 (1.89%) npm
5 80 (1.41%) PaaS
6 77 (1.36%) Amazon EC2
7 74 (1.31%) SaaS
8 71 (1.25%) Slack
9 69 (1.22%) IaaS
10 57 (1.01%) Serverless
11 44 (0.78%) Amazon S3
12 43 (0.76%) Google Cloud Platform
13 41 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
14 40 (0.71%) OpenShift
15 38 (0.67%) AWS Lambda
16 35 (0.62%) Virtual Private Cloud
17 34 (0.60%) Sauce Labs
18 33 (0.58%) AWS CloudFormation
19 29 (0.51%) BrowserStack
20 22 (0.39%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 304 (5.37%) HTTP
2 137 (2.42%) TCP/IP
3 104 (1.84%) Internet
4 75 (1.32%) SSL
5 53 (0.94%) Wireless
6 47 (0.83%) DNS
7 38 (0.67%) SMS
8 28 (0.49%) Bluetooth
8 28 (0.49%) Firewall
9 21 (0.37%) Network Security
9 21 (0.37%) PuTTY
9 21 (0.37%) WinSCP
10 20 (0.35%) LTE
11 15 (0.26%) 4G
11 15 (0.26%) VLAN
11 15 (0.26%) Wi-Fi
12 13 (0.23%) VPN
13 12 (0.21%) AMQP
14 11 (0.19%) FTP
14 11 (0.19%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 464 (8.19%) Relational Database
2 395 (6.97%) SQL Server
3 383 (6.76%) MongoDB
4 352 (6.21%) NoSQL
5 228 (4.02%) MySQL
6 220 (3.88%) RDBMS
7 192 (3.39%) Big Data
7 192 (3.39%) PostgreSQL
8 142 (2.51%) Hadoop
9 127 (2.24%) Redis
10 81 (1.43%) Oracle Database
11 80 (1.41%) Apache Cassandra
12 68 (1.20%) DB2
13 66 (1.16%) Data Warehouse
14 54 (0.95%) SQL Server 2012
15 43 (0.76%) Apache Hive
16 42 (0.74%) SQL Server Integration Services
17 37 (0.65%) SQL Server 2008
18 35 (0.62%) SQL Server 2016
19 33 (0.58%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 1460 (25.77%) Selenium
2 1366 (24.11%) Git (software)
3 1231 (21.73%) Jenkins
4 1053 (18.58%) JIRA
5 1002 (17.68%) Cucumber
6 525 (9.27%) WebDriver
7 523 (9.23%) JUnit
8 433 (7.64%) Maven
9 415 (7.32%) Subversion
10 279 (4.92%) SoapUI
11 254 (4.48%) SpecFlow
12 240 (4.24%) TeamCity
13 235 (4.15%) JMeter
14 204 (3.60%) Visual Studio
15 202 (3.57%) Team Foundation Server
16 199 (3.51%) Jasmine
17 173 (3.05%) Appium
18 167 (2.95%) gulp
19 163 (2.88%) Protractor
20 160 (2.82%) Grunt
General
1 1100 (19.41%) Finance
2 863 (15.23%) Banking
3 307 (5.42%) Investment Banking
4 224 (3.95%) Retail
5 161 (2.84%) Telecoms
6 148 (2.61%) Games
7 147 (2.59%) Front Office
8 112 (1.98%) Marketing
9 63 (1.11%) Manufacturing
10 55 (0.97%) Financial Institution
11 52 (0.92%) Retail Banking
12 46 (0.81%) Back Office
12 46 (0.81%) Electronics
13 34 (0.60%) Law
14 33 (0.58%) Publishing
15 32 (0.56%) Legal
16 23 (0.41%) Advertising
16 23 (0.41%) Billing
17 20 (0.35%) Corporate Banking
18 19 (0.34%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 2244 (39.60%) Developer
2 845 (14.91%) Java Developer
3 808 (14.26%) Tester
4 789 (13.93%) Analyst
5 639 (11.28%) Test Analyst
6 527 (9.30%) Automation Tester
7 383 (6.76%) Test Engineer
8 348 (6.14%) Senior Developer
9 298 (5.26%) Automation Test Analyst
10 253 (4.47%) DevOps Engineer
11 234 (4.13%) C# Developer
12 216 (3.81%) JavaScript Developer
13 213 (3.76%) .NET Developer
14 211 (3.72%) Agile Developer
15 210 (3.71%) Developer in Test
16 201 (3.55%) Test Automation Engineer
17 170 (3.00%) QA Engineer
18 168 (2.97%) Senior Java Developer
19 161 (2.84%) Software Engineer
20 156 (2.75%) Java Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 936 (16.52%) HTML
2 822 (14.51%) CSS
3 777 (13.71%) Web Services
4 748 (13.20%) REST
5 633 (11.17%) .NET
6 606 (10.70%) AngularJS
7 551 (9.72%) RESTful
8 529 (9.34%) Spring
9 528 (9.32%) HTML5
10 470 (8.30%) JSON
11 436 (7.70%) Node.js
12 361 (6.37%) React
13 353 (6.23%) SOAP
14 328 (5.79%) XML
15 308 (5.44%) Gherkin
16 294 (5.19%) CSS3
17 270 (4.77%) Hibernate
18 234 (4.13%) jQuery
19 199 (3.51%) Ajax
20 182 (3.21%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 325 (5.74%) Analytical Skills
2 272 (4.80%) Mobile App
3 248 (4.38%) Computer Science
4 208 (3.67%) Data Structures
5 206 (3.64%) User Experience
6 166 (2.93%) Greenfield Project
7 145 (2.56%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 95 (1.68%) Virtual Team
9 91 (1.61%) Fintech
10 87 (1.54%) Algorithms
11 81 (1.43%) Linux Command Line
12 77 (1.36%) Equities
13 70 (1.24%) Derivative
13 70 (1.24%) Enterprise Software
14 60 (1.06%) Fixed Income
15 54 (0.95%) N-Tier
16 52 (0.92%) Public Cloud
17 44 (0.78%) Management Information System
18 39 (0.69%) STB
19 30 (0.53%) Reference Data
Operating Systems
1 843 (14.88%) Linux
2 449 (7.92%) Unix
3 389 (6.87%) Windows
4 228 (4.02%) Android
5 214 (3.78%) Apple iOS
6 179 (3.16%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 108 (1.91%) Mac OS X
8 62 (1.09%) VMS
9 54 (0.95%) Windows Server
10 39 (0.69%) Windows Server 2012
11 38 (0.67%) CentOS
12 26 (0.46%) Ubuntu
13 22 (0.39%) Solaris
14 19 (0.34%) Windows 10
15 15 (0.26%) Mac OS
16 10 (0.18%) HPUX
17 9 (0.16%) AIX
18 8 (0.14%) CoreOS
19 7 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
20 6 (0.11%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3663 (64.65%) Agile Software Development
2 1644 (29.02%) TDD
3 1553 (27.41%) Continuous Integration
4 1437 (25.36%) Scrum
5 1304 (23.01%) BDD
6 851 (15.02%) DevOps
7 630 (11.12%) OO
8 585 (10.32%) Software Engineering
9 567 (10.01%) Test Scripting
10 561 (9.90%) Kanban
11 508 (8.97%) Open Source
12 502 (8.86%) Continuous Delivery
13 491 (8.67%) Unit Testing
14 484 (8.54%) SDLC
15 438 (7.73%) Test Strategy
16 421 (7.43%) Configuration Management
17 420 (7.41%) Microservices
18 398 (7.02%) Mentoring
19 381 (6.72%) Functional Testing
20 376 (6.64%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 2494 (44.02%) Java
2 1413 (24.94%) JavaScript
3 1108 (19.56%) SQL
4 927 (16.36%) C#
5 771 (13.61%) Python
6 440 (7.77%) Ruby
7 271 (4.78%) Scala
8 201 (3.55%) C++
9 195 (3.44%) Groovy
10 164 (2.89%) ES6
11 152 (2.68%) Bash Shell
12 137 (2.42%) PHP
13 135 (2.38%) Perl
14 126 (2.22%) C
15 116 (2.05%) Apple Swift
16 111 (1.96%) PowerShell
17 101 (1.78%) Shell Script
17 101 (1.78%) TypeScript
18 79 (1.39%) T-SQL
19 72 (1.27%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 410 (7.24%) Security Cleared
2 372 (6.57%) Degree
3 283 (4.99%) SC Cleared
4 252 (4.45%) ISEB
5 250 (4.41%) ISTQB
6 106 (1.87%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 105 (1.85%) Computer Science Degree
8 76 (1.34%) BPSS Clearance
9 41 (0.72%) DV Cleared
10 26 (0.46%) Numerate Degree
11 20 (0.35%) PMP
12 17 (0.30%) Master's Degree
12 17 (0.30%) PMI Certification
13 14 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
14 11 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
15 9 (0.16%) MCSE
16 8 (0.14%) CHECK Team Member
16 8 (0.14%) CISSP
17 6 (0.11%) BC Cleared
17 6 (0.11%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1127 (19.89%) QA
2 57 (1.01%) MiFID
3 46 (0.81%) WCAG
4 32 (0.56%) Disclosure Scotland
5 25 (0.44%) Data Quality
6 23 (0.41%) PCI DSS
7 14 (0.25%) GDPR
8 12 (0.21%) EMIR
9 11 (0.19%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 10 (0.18%) Dodd-Frank
11 8 (0.14%) SLA
11 8 (0.14%) WAI
12 6 (0.11%) GCP
12 6 (0.11%) ISO 26262
13 5 (0.088%) PMO
14 3 (0.053%) AIFMD
14 3 (0.053%) DO-178B
14 3 (0.053%) IFRS
14 3 (0.053%) IFRS 9
14 3 (0.053%) SEPA
System Software
1 458 (8.08%) Docker
2 36 (0.64%) VMware Infrastructure
3 34 (0.60%) Active Directory
4 25 (0.44%) vSphere
5 19 (0.34%) Virtual Machines
6 16 (0.28%) Firmware
7 15 (0.26%) HDFS
8 12 (0.21%) VirtualBox
9 11 (0.19%) Apache Flume
9 11 (0.19%) iptables
10 10 (0.18%) Hyper-V
10 10 (0.18%) VMware ESXi
11 9 (0.16%) Xen
12 8 (0.14%) oVirt
12 8 (0.14%) RHEV
13 7 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
14 3 (0.053%) LXC
15 2 (0.035%) OpenAM
15 2 (0.035%) Virtual Desktop
15 2 (0.035%) Virtual Servers
Systems Management
1 320 (5.65%) Puppet
2 265 (4.68%) Ansible
3 207 (3.65%) Opscode Chef
4 193 (3.41%) HP Quality Center
5 141 (2.49%) Kubernetes
6 114 (2.01%) Terraform
7 65 (1.15%) Kibana
8 43 (0.76%) Grafana
9 35 (0.62%) Salt
10 33 (0.58%) logstash
11 24 (0.42%) Rancher
12 23 (0.41%) Prometheus
13 19 (0.34%) ITRS Geneos
14 16 (0.28%) StatsD
15 15 (0.26%) ZABBIX
16 14 (0.25%) Packer
17 13 (0.23%) Mesos
17 13 (0.23%) SCCM
18 12 (0.21%) Consul
18 12 (0.21%) Oozie
Vendors
1 416 (7.34%) Oracle
2 385 (6.79%) Microsoft
3 247 (4.36%) HP
4 137 (2.42%) Google
5 115 (2.03%) Red Hat
6 108 (1.91%) Salesforce.com
7 107 (1.89%) Atlassian
8 80 (1.41%) IBM
9 79 (1.39%) SAP
10 78 (1.38%) Perforce
11 72 (1.27%) VMware
12 70 (1.24%) New Relic
13 65 (1.15%) Splunk
14 60 (1.06%) Sybase
15 57 (1.01%) hybris
16 38 (0.67%) Xamarin
17 35 (0.62%) Adobe
18 32 (0.56%) AppDynamics
19 31 (0.55%) WSO2
20 28 (0.49%) Twitter