Period
to 26 May 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 May 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
26 May 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 35 34 40
Rank change year-on-year -1 +6 +13
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 6,061 4,911 4,660
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.97% 5.39% 4.41%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.96% 6.37% 5.24%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,177 3,275 3,114
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +3.03% +3.13%
10th Percentile £313 £290 £285
90th Percentile £600 £575 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £375 £375
% change year-on-year +10.00% - +7.14%
Number of hourly rates quoted 63 45 75
UK median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £42.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +13.33% -10.71% +15.07%
10th Percentile £15.21 £25.68 £23.12
90th Percentile £72.15 £71.84 £51.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £37.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +13.33% -6.25% +8.11%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 87,049 77,090 88,859
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.76% 84.65% 84.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 57,429 50,585 58,395
UK median daily rate £450 £438 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.86% +2.94% +6.25%
10th Percentile £300 £275 £263
90th Percentile £638 £625 £608
UK excluding London median daily rate £423 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +5.63% - +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,301 2,072 2,322
UK median hourly rate £22.00 £25.06 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -12.21% +0.24% +19.05%
10th Percentile £11.17 £11.50 £11.64
90th Percentile £50.00 £52.50 £50.68
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.31 £26.00 £27.00
% change year-on-year -21.88% -3.70% +23.74%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 May 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 26 May 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 16 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 26 May 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 5,486 £450 +5.88% 1,689
UK excluding London +2 3,279 £413 +10.00% 1,178
London -1 2,719 £500 +5.26% 650
South East +13 1,017 £425 +9.68% 287
North of England -2 823 £400 +6.67% 300
Yorkshire -1 432 £400 - 119
Midlands +6 425 £413 +17.77% 169
North West +5 316 £400 +6.67% 152
South West -6 302 £375 +2.74% 138
Scotland +4 299 £376 +3.79% 93
West Midlands +12 269 £425 +21.43% 86
East of England -13 208 £450 +5.88% 146
East Midlands +1 157 £380 +4.11% 82
Wales +17 151 £415 +18.57% 34
North East -32 76 £375 +7.14% 29
Northern Ireland +35 62 £475 +15.15% 12

For the 6 months to 26 May 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,917 (64.63%) Agile Software Development
2 2,586 (42.67%) Java
3 1,927 (31.79%) Selenium
4 1,782 (29.40%) TDD
5 1,602 (26.43%) JavaScript
6 1,540 (25.41%) Continuous Integration
7 1,483 (24.47%) BDD
8 1,460 (24.09%) Scrum
9 1,355 (22.36%) Git (software)
10 1,280 (21.12%) Jenkins
11 1,233 (20.34%) SQL
12 1,157 (19.09%) C#
13 1,156 (19.07%) Cucumber
14 1,135 (18.73%) DevOps
15 1,055 (17.41%) QA
16 1,013 (16.71%) JIRA
17 995 (16.42%) Finance
18 921 (15.20%) Linux
19 873 (14.40%) HTML
20 850 (14.02%) Python
21 781 (12.89%) Web Services
22 777 (12.82%) Amazon AWS
23 774 (12.77%) RESTful
24 770 (12.70%) .NET
25 763 (12.59%) REST
26 757 (12.49%) Microservices
27 733 (12.09%) CSS
28 658 (10.86%) Continuous Delivery
29 627 (10.34%) Security Cleared
30 623 (10.28%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 545 (8.99%) Confluence
2 183 (3.02%) Apache
3 144 (2.38%) Tomcat
4 128 (2.11%) Apache Spark
5 112 (1.85%) CMS
6 99 (1.63%) JBoss
7 91 (1.50%) Elasticsearch
8 64 (1.06%) WebSphere
9 55 (0.91%) WebLogic
10 49 (0.81%) SharePoint
11 41 (0.68%) nginx
12 37 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
12 37 (0.61%) WildFly
13 35 (0.58%) IIS
14 30 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
15 29 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
16 28 (0.46%) GlassFish
16 28 (0.46%) Mule
17 26 (0.43%) Liferay
18 24 (0.40%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 59 (0.97%) Microsoft Excel
2 58 (0.96%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.41%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.31%) Photoshop
5 14 (0.23%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.21%) Microsoft Project
7 7 (0.12%) Chatbot
7 7 (0.12%) Spreadsheet
8 6 (0.099%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 5 (0.082%) Simulink
10 1 (0.016%) AutoCAD
10 1 (0.016%) HipChat
10 1 (0.016%) Revit
Business Applications
1 38 (0.63%) Dynamics CRM
2 15 (0.25%) Magento
3 11 (0.18%) Markit EDM
4 8 (0.13%) SAP Hybris
5 6 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
5 6 (0.099%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 5 (0.082%) Payment Gateway
7 4 (0.066%) Dynamics AX
7 4 (0.066%) Summit
8 3 (0.049%) Adobe Campaign
8 3 (0.049%) NetSuite
9 2 (0.033%) FastStats
9 2 (0.033%) ION MarketView
9 2 (0.033%) Loan IQ
9 2 (0.033%) Oracle EBS R12
9 2 (0.033%) Oracle Payables
9 2 (0.033%) Oracle Receivables
9 2 (0.033%) Temenos T24
9 2 (0.033%) thinkFolio
9 2 (0.033%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 777 (12.82%) Amazon AWS
2 506 (8.35%) Microsoft Azure
3 229 (3.78%) GitHub
4 110 (1.81%) Serverless
5 105 (1.73%) npm
6 89 (1.47%) PaaS
7 76 (1.25%) BrowserStack
8 75 (1.24%) Google Cloud Platform
9 73 (1.20%) Slack
10 69 (1.14%) OpenShift
11 63 (1.04%) AWS CloudFormation
12 61 (1.01%) Amazon EC2
13 60 (0.99%) Cloud Computing
13 60 (0.99%) SaaS
14 55 (0.91%) Sauce Labs
15 52 (0.86%) IaaS
16 51 (0.84%) AWS Lambda
17 41 (0.68%) Amazon S3
18 39 (0.64%) Office 365
19 35 (0.58%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 321 (5.30%) HTTP
2 135 (2.23%) TCP/IP
3 93 (1.53%) DNS
4 87 (1.44%) Internet
5 80 (1.32%) SSL
6 72 (1.19%) DHCP
7 64 (1.06%) SMS
8 34 (0.56%) FTP
9 32 (0.53%) Firewall
9 32 (0.53%) IPsec
10 26 (0.43%) PuTTY
11 25 (0.41%) WinSCP
12 22 (0.36%) DSL
13 17 (0.28%) Wireless
14 13 (0.21%) WAN
15 11 (0.18%) Skype
16 10 (0.16%) AMQP
16 10 (0.16%) FIX Connectivity
16 10 (0.16%) LAN
16 10 (0.16%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 501 (8.27%) SQL Server
2 451 (7.44%) Relational Database
3 346 (5.71%) MongoDB
4 318 (5.25%) NoSQL
5 298 (4.92%) MySQL
6 276 (4.55%) PostgreSQL
7 222 (3.66%) Big Data
8 178 (2.94%) RDBMS
9 148 (2.44%) Hadoop
10 138 (2.28%) Redis
11 136 (2.24%) Data Warehouse
12 135 (2.23%) Oracle Database
13 104 (1.72%) Apache Cassandra
14 66 (1.09%) SQL Server 2012
15 59 (0.97%) HBase
16 55 (0.91%) Apache Hive
17 54 (0.89%) SQL Server 2016
18 50 (0.82%) Neo4j
19 48 (0.79%) Amazon DynamoDB
20 46 (0.76%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1,927 (31.79%) Selenium
2 1,355 (22.36%) Git (software)
3 1,280 (21.12%) Jenkins
4 1,156 (19.07%) Cucumber
5 1,013 (16.71%) JIRA
6 534 (8.81%) WebDriver
7 489 (8.07%) Maven
8 452 (7.46%) JUnit
9 428 (7.06%) SpecFlow
10 375 (6.19%) SoapUI
11 299 (4.93%) Subversion
12 273 (4.50%) Team Foundation Server
13 254 (4.19%) JMeter
14 228 (3.76%) TeamCity
15 222 (3.66%) Visual Studio
16 220 (3.63%) Jasmine
17 180 (2.97%) HP UFT
18 175 (2.89%) SonarQube
19 166 (2.74%) Eclipse
20 164 (2.71%) Appium
General
1 995 (16.42%) Finance
2 559 (9.22%) Banking
3 237 (3.91%) Retail
4 148 (2.44%) Games
5 116 (1.91%) Telecoms
6 95 (1.57%) Marketing
7 90 (1.48%) Investment Banking
8 87 (1.44%) Front Office
9 66 (1.09%) Manufacturing
10 56 (0.92%) Law
11 54 (0.89%) Electronics
12 51 (0.84%) Back Office
12 51 (0.84%) Financial Institution
13 43 (0.71%) Advertising
14 27 (0.45%) Retail Banking
15 24 (0.40%) Legal
16 23 (0.38%) Publishing
17 20 (0.33%) Automotive
18 15 (0.25%) Pharmaceutical
19 13 (0.21%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2,129 (35.13%) Developer
2 818 (13.50%) Analyst
3 815 (13.45%) Tester
4 702 (11.58%) Test Analyst
5 694 (11.45%) Java Developer
6 553 (9.12%) Automation Tester
7 441 (7.28%) Test Engineer
8 351 (5.79%) DevOps Engineer
9 329 (5.43%) Automation Test Analyst
10 316 (5.21%) Senior Developer
11 249 (4.11%) Test Automation Engineer
12 226 (3.73%) Software Engineer
13 209 (3.45%) Developer in Test
14 205 (3.38%) Architect
15 189 (3.12%) QA Engineer
16 176 (2.90%) C# Developer
17 175 (2.89%) JavaScript Developer
18 172 (2.84%) Java Engineer
19 164 (2.71%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
20 161 (2.66%) .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 873 (14.40%) HTML
2 781 (12.89%) Web Services
3 774 (12.77%) RESTful
4 770 (12.70%) .NET
5 763 (12.59%) REST
6 733 (12.09%) CSS
7 600 (9.90%) Spring
8 559 (9.22%) AngularJS
9 557 (9.19%) Node.js
10 472 (7.79%) HTML5
11 460 (7.59%) JSON
12 424 (7.00%) React
13 419 (6.91%) Gherkin
14 362 (5.97%) XML
15 325 (5.36%) SOAP
16 320 (5.28%) CSS3
17 307 (5.07%) jQuery
18 277 (4.57%) Hibernate
18 277 (4.57%) Spring Boot
19 217 (3.58%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 291 (4.80%) Analytical Skills
2 263 (4.34%) User Experience
3 249 (4.11%) Greenfield Project
4 245 (4.04%) Mobile App
5 203 (3.35%) Computer Science
6 141 (2.33%) Self-Motivation
7 140 (2.31%) Enterprise Software
8 122 (2.01%) Linux Command Line
9 112 (1.85%) Fintech
10 86 (1.42%) Data Structures
11 81 (1.34%) Virtual Team
12 77 (1.27%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 60 (0.99%) Clustering
14 58 (0.96%) Management Information System
15 57 (0.94%) Fixed Income
16 52 (0.86%) Public Cloud
17 51 (0.84%) Algorithms
18 50 (0.82%) Data Centre
19 45 (0.74%) Derivative
20 39 (0.64%) PDA
Operating Systems
1 921 (15.20%) Linux
2 471 (7.77%) Unix
3 412 (6.80%) Windows
4 250 (4.12%) Android
5 245 (4.04%) Apple iOS
6 178 (2.94%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 106 (1.75%) Mac OS X
8 61 (1.01%) CentOS
9 59 (0.97%) Windows Server
10 52 (0.86%) Ubuntu
11 41 (0.68%) AIX
11 41 (0.68%) VMS
11 41 (0.68%) Windows 7
12 40 (0.66%) Windows Server 2003
13 39 (0.64%) Windows Server 2008
14 34 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
15 33 (0.54%) Mac OS
16 13 (0.21%) Debian
17 12 (0.20%) Windows 10
18 10 (0.16%) Solaris
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,917 (64.63%) Agile Software Development
2 1,782 (29.40%) TDD
3 1,540 (25.41%) Continuous Integration
4 1,483 (24.47%) BDD
5 1,460 (24.09%) Scrum
6 1,135 (18.73%) DevOps
7 757 (12.49%) Microservices
8 658 (10.86%) Continuous Delivery
9 623 (10.28%) Kanban
10 621 (10.25%) OO
11 596 (9.83%) Test Scripting
11 596 (9.83%) Unit Testing
12 592 (9.77%) Software Engineering
13 571 (9.42%) Open Source
14 494 (8.15%) Configuration Management
15 470 (7.75%) SDLC
16 451 (7.44%) Problem-Solving
17 446 (7.36%) Mentoring
18 434 (7.16%) User Stories
19 401 (6.62%) Test Strategy
Programming Languages
1 2,586 (42.67%) Java
2 1,602 (26.43%) JavaScript
3 1,233 (20.34%) SQL
4 1,157 (19.09%) C#
5 850 (14.02%) Python
6 450 (7.42%) Ruby
7 348 (5.74%) Java 8
8 245 (4.04%) Scala
9 205 (3.38%) Bash Shell
10 185 (3.05%) ES6
11 181 (2.99%) PowerShell
12 179 (2.95%) Groovy
13 168 (2.77%) PHP
14 163 (2.69%) TypeScript
15 161 (2.66%) Perl
16 149 (2.46%) C++
17 114 (1.88%) T-SQL
18 112 (1.85%) C
19 110 (1.81%) Shell Script
20 93 (1.53%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 627 (10.34%) Security Cleared
2 501 (8.27%) SC Cleared
3 302 (4.98%) ISTQB
4 299 (4.93%) Degree
5 202 (3.33%) ISEB
6 105 (1.73%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 93 (1.53%) Computer Science Degree
8 77 (1.27%) BPSS Clearance
9 67 (1.11%) DV Cleared
10 31 (0.51%) ISEB Practitioner
11 29 (0.48%) Master's Degree
12 24 (0.40%) PMP
13 20 (0.33%) PMI Certification
14 17 (0.28%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
15 16 (0.26%) CISSP
16 13 (0.21%) Microsoft Certification
17 12 (0.20%) CISA
18 11 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
19 10 (0.16%) GIAC
19 10 (0.16%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,055 (17.41%) QA
2 33 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
3 18 (0.30%) GDPR
4 16 (0.26%) Data Quality
5 14 (0.23%) PCI DSS
6 12 (0.20%) MiFID
7 11 (0.18%) WCAG
8 10 (0.16%) SLA
9 9 (0.15%) GCP
9 9 (0.15%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 7 (0.12%) PMO
11 6 (0.099%) EMIR
11 6 (0.099%) IFRS
11 6 (0.099%) WAI
12 5 (0.082%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 5 (0.082%) Dodd-Frank
12 5 (0.082%) GMP
12 5 (0.082%) IFRS 9
12 5 (0.082%) PSD2
13 4 (0.066%) HMG Security Policy Framework
System Software
1 615 (10.15%) Docker
2 77 (1.27%) Active Directory
3 56 (0.92%) VMware Infrastructure
4 50 (0.82%) Virtual Machines
5 40 (0.66%) Hyper-V
6 36 (0.59%) VMware ESXi
7 33 (0.54%) Virtual Desktop
8 30 (0.49%) HDFS
9 29 (0.48%) vSphere
10 14 (0.23%) Firmware
11 11 (0.18%) Virtual Servers
12 10 (0.16%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
14 5 (0.082%) Varnish
15 4 (0.066%) Microsoft App-V
15 4 (0.066%) ProxySG
16 3 (0.049%) oVirt
16 3 (0.049%) RHEV
17 2 (0.033%) ACF2
17 2 (0.033%) XenDesktop
Systems Management
1 372 (6.14%) Puppet
2 274 (4.52%) Ansible
3 244 (4.03%) Opscode Chef
4 221 (3.65%) Kubernetes
5 159 (2.62%) HP ALM
6 137 (2.26%) Terraform
7 94 (1.55%) HP Quality Center
8 72 (1.19%) Kibana
9 55 (0.91%) Grafana
10 54 (0.89%) logstash
11 45 (0.74%) Nagios
12 36 (0.59%) McAfee ePO
13 33 (0.54%) Packer
14 27 (0.45%) Prometheus
15 25 (0.41%) Rancher
16 20 (0.33%) ITRS Geneos
16 20 (0.33%) Salt
17 18 (0.30%) Graylog
18 16 (0.26%) BladeLogic
18 16 (0.26%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 431 (7.11%) Oracle
2 420 (6.93%) Microsoft
3 214 (3.53%) HP
4 154 (2.54%) Google
5 153 (2.52%) Atlassian
6 128 (2.11%) Red Hat
6 128 (2.11%) Splunk
7 105 (1.73%) VMware
8 99 (1.63%) SAP
9 70 (1.15%) IBM
10 63 (1.04%) Salesforce.com
11 55 (0.91%) Adobe
12 53 (0.87%) New Relic
13 46 (0.76%) Perforce
14 43 (0.71%) Citrix
14 43 (0.71%) webMethods
15 42 (0.69%) Capita
16 37 (0.61%) Twitter
16 37 (0.61%) Veritas
17 36 (0.59%) McAfee