The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 3 months to 22 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
3 months to
22 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 37 41 48
Rank change year-on-year +4 +7  
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 2450 2369 2095
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.23% 4.39% 3.73%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.19% 5.27% 4.62%
Number of daily rates quoted 1656 1556 1417
Median daily rate £425 £410 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.65% +2.50%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £310 £298 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £550
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 21 25 40
Median hourly rate £39.00 £38.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +1.29% +10.00%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £25.00 £14.96 £30.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £50.20 £45.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.25 £38.50 £34.90
% change year-on-year -0.64% +10.31%  

Test Automation is in the process and methodology skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills.

Contract Process & Methodology Skills
UK
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for process and methodology skills 39590 44959 45378
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the UK 84.46% 83.37% 80.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 25806 29818 29077
Median daily rate £450 £438 £413
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.85% +6.06%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £313 £300 £285
10% offered a daily rate of more than £600 £600 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £415 £400 £385
% change year-on-year +3.75% +3.89%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 1062 1087 1274
Median hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.18% -  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.00 £12.58 £12.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.50 £47.80 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £33.50 £28.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +17.54% -5.00%  

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

The job posting trend of jobs advertised citing Test Automation as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Processes & Methodologies category.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 3 months to 22 June 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 3 months to 22 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 2258 £425 +1.19% 764
London +4 1077 £475 +5.55% 319
South East -2 369 £388 -3.12% 130
City of London +10 216 £475 - 73
Yorkshire +27 174 £425 +6.25% 44
South West +16 170 £375 - 50
East of England +43 129 £447 +11.81% 53
North West +3 125 £394 -1.56% 91
West Yorkshire +17 121 £406 -1.51% 31
Leeds +11 108 £400 -3.03% 26
Surrey +37 83 £365 -18.88% 35
Scotland +4 83 £375 +12.95% 29
East Midlands +18 82 £388 +19.23% 29
West Midlands +15 80 £369 +5.35% 33
Manchester +9 74 £375 +4.16% 57
Essex +34 68 £481 +16.66%
Berkshire +6 57 £350 -6.97% 17
Oxfordshire -4 55 £450 +5.88% 20
Hampshire -26 53 £325 -18.75% 31
Devon +7 50 £423 +32.18% 4
Buckinghamshire +13 49 £318 -4.15% 9
Edinburgh +5 48 £375 +7.14% 14
North East +32 47 £370 +13.84% 15
Plymouth +7 46 £425 +17.24% 1
Southend-on-Sea - 46 £500 -
South Yorkshire +33 45 £500 +30.71% 2
Nottinghamshire +15 43 £375 +8.69% 15
Newcastle upon Tyne +41 40 £350 +7.69% 8
Tyne and Wear +37 40 £350 +7.69% 11
Milton Keynes +15 40 £318 -2.30% 7

For the 6 months to 22 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3273 (66.39%) Agile Software Development
2 2018 (40.93%) Java
3 1447 (29.35%) Selenium
4 1437 (29.15%) Continuous Integration
5 1427 (28.95%) TDD
6 1292 (26.21%) Scrum
7 1146 (23.25%) JavaScript
8 1119 (22.70%) Jenkins
9 1093 (22.17%) Git (software)
10 1006 (20.41%) BDD
11 990 (20.08%) SQL
12 961 (19.49%) QA
13 886 (17.97%) HTML
14 870 (17.65%) JIRA
15 858 (17.40%) C#
16 846 (17.16%) Linux
17 838 (17.00%) Cucumber
18 825 (16.73%) CSS
19 787 (15.96%) Python
20 775 (15.72%) Finance
21 749 (15.19%) DevOps
22 723 (14.67%) Web Services
23 616 (12.49%) REST
24 597 (12.11%) WebDriver
25 575 (11.66%) Software Engineering
26 570 (11.56%) .NET
27 564 (11.44%) Test Scripting
28 557 (11.30%) Open Source
29 515 (10.45%) Banking
30 514 (10.43%) AngularJS

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 348 (7.06%) Confluence
2 127 (2.58%) Apache
3 126 (2.56%) Tomcat
4 110 (2.23%) JBoss
5 98 (1.99%) CMS
6 80 (1.62%) SharePoint
7 69 (1.40%) Apache Spark
8 68 (1.38%) Elasticsearch
9 64 (1.30%) nginx
9 64 (1.30%) WebLogic
10 53 (1.08%) Oracle SOA Suite
11 46 (0.93%) WebSphere
12 30 (0.61%) Sitecore CMS
13 26 (0.53%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 25 (0.51%) IIS
15 18 (0.37%) NServiceBus
16 16 (0.32%) OpenStack
17 15 (0.30%) Apache Solr
18 14 (0.28%) Drupal
19 12 (0.24%) Umbraco
Applications
1 50 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 37 (0.75%) Microsoft Office
3 21 (0.43%) MS Visio
4 17 (0.34%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 16 (0.32%) Microsoft Project
6 10 (0.20%) Photoshop
7 3 (0.061%) Mingle
8 2 (0.041%) Simulink
9 1 (0.020%) GIMP
9 1 (0.020%) HipChat
9 1 (0.020%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 46 (0.93%) SAP Oil and Gas
2 33 (0.67%) Dynamics CRM
3 24 (0.49%) Magento
4 22 (0.45%) Oracle Applications
5 10 (0.20%) Dynamics AX
6 6 (0.12%) Endur
6 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
7 5 (0.10%) Oracle BPM
8 4 (0.081%) Payment Gateway
8 4 (0.081%) RMDS
8 4 (0.081%) SunGard Martini
9 3 (0.061%) Eloqua
9 3 (0.061%) ION MarketView
9 3 (0.061%) Loan IQ
9 3 (0.061%) Maximo
9 3 (0.061%) Oracle EBS
10 2 (0.041%) FastStats
10 2 (0.041%) Oracle ERP
10 2 (0.041%) SAP CO
10 2 (0.041%) SAP PM
Cloud Services
1 381 (7.73%) Amazon AWS
2 215 (4.36%) Microsoft Azure
3 141 (2.86%) GitHub
4 50 (1.01%) PaaS
5 48 (0.97%) SaaS
6 45 (0.91%) OpenShift
7 39 (0.79%) Amazon EC2
8 38 (0.77%) IaaS
9 36 (0.73%) Cloud Computing
10 31 (0.63%) Google Cloud Platform
11 29 (0.59%) AWS Lambda
12 28 (0.57%) BrowserStack
13 27 (0.55%) AWS CloudFormation
13 27 (0.55%) Slack
14 24 (0.49%) Google Analytics
14 24 (0.49%) Sauce Labs
15 17 (0.34%) Amazon S3
16 14 (0.28%) Salesforce Service Cloud
17 13 (0.26%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
17 13 (0.26%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 410 (8.32%) HTTP
2 147 (2.98%) Internet
3 133 (2.70%) TCP/IP
4 110 (2.23%) SSL
5 62 (1.26%) LDAP
6 29 (0.59%) Network Security
6 29 (0.59%) PuTTY
7 28 (0.57%) DNS
7 28 (0.57%) WinSCP
7 28 (0.57%) Wireless
8 26 (0.53%) Firewall
9 18 (0.37%) Kerberos
9 18 (0.37%) Wireshark
10 15 (0.30%) LTE
11 14 (0.28%) Extranet
11 14 (0.28%) Intrusion Detection
12 12 (0.24%) 4G
12 12 (0.24%) Wi-Fi
13 11 (0.22%) Bluetooth
14 10 (0.20%) Ethernet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 437 (8.86%) Relational Database
2 372 (7.55%) SQL Server
3 266 (5.40%) MongoDB
4 197 (4.00%) NoSQL
5 183 (3.71%) PostgreSQL
6 161 (3.27%) MySQL
7 127 (2.58%) Hadoop
8 122 (2.47%) Oracle Database
9 116 (2.35%) Big Data
10 90 (1.83%) Data Warehouse
11 89 (1.81%) RDBMS
12 75 (1.52%) Redis
13 66 (1.34%) Oracle Database 11g
14 57 (1.16%) SQL Server 2012
15 56 (1.14%) DB2
16 44 (0.89%) Apache Cassandra
16 44 (0.89%) SQL Server 2008
17 33 (0.67%) Oracle Reports
18 32 (0.65%) Oracle Database 10g
19 30 (0.61%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 1447 (29.35%) Selenium
2 1119 (22.70%) Jenkins
3 1093 (22.17%) Git (software)
4 870 (17.65%) JIRA
5 838 (17.00%) Cucumber
6 597 (12.11%) WebDriver
7 412 (8.36%) JUnit
8 379 (7.69%) Subversion
9 293 (5.94%) Team Foundation Server
10 272 (5.52%) Maven
11 268 (5.44%) SoapUI
12 235 (4.77%) SpecFlow
13 199 (4.04%) TeamCity
14 196 (3.98%) HP UFT
15 168 (3.41%) Visual Studio
16 153 (3.10%) JMeter
17 145 (2.94%) gulp
18 144 (2.92%) Gradle
19 133 (2.70%) Grunt
20 125 (2.54%) Ant
General
1 775 (15.72%) Finance
2 515 (10.45%) Banking
3 184 (3.73%) Retail
4 142 (2.88%) Investment Banking
5 126 (2.56%) Games
6 116 (2.35%) Telecoms
7 112 (2.27%) Marketing
8 104 (2.11%) Front Office
9 64 (1.30%) Manufacturing
10 61 (1.24%) Electronics
11 50 (1.01%) Back Office
12 44 (0.89%) Legal
13 38 (0.77%) Publishing
14 28 (0.57%) Retail Banking
15 22 (0.45%) Financial Institution
16 20 (0.41%) Corporate Banking
16 20 (0.41%) Law
17 19 (0.39%) Advertising
18 10 (0.20%) Automotive
18 10 (0.20%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1963 (39.82%) Developer
2 761 (15.44%) Tester
3 662 (13.43%) Analyst
4 608 (12.33%) Java Developer
5 558 (11.32%) Test Analyst
6 506 (10.26%) Automation Tester
7 336 (6.82%) Test Engineer
8 262 (5.31%) Senior Developer
9 250 (5.07%) Automation Test Analyst
10 238 (4.83%) DevOps Engineer
11 194 (3.94%) .NET Developer
12 192 (3.89%) C# Developer
13 189 (3.83%) QA Engineer
14 187 (3.79%) Scala Developer
15 176 (3.57%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 165 (3.35%) JavaScript Developer
17 161 (3.27%) Test Automation Engineer
18 159 (3.23%) Test Manager
19 141 (2.86%) Software Developer
20 137 (2.78%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 886 (17.97%) HTML
2 825 (16.73%) CSS
3 723 (14.67%) Web Services
4 616 (12.49%) REST
5 570 (11.56%) .NET
6 514 (10.43%) AngularJS
7 491 (9.96%) JSON
8 490 (9.94%) RESTful
9 468 (9.49%) HTML5
10 456 (9.25%) Spring
11 383 (7.77%) Node.js
11 383 (7.77%) XML
12 350 (7.10%) SOAP
13 343 (6.96%) CSS3
14 280 (5.68%) React
15 261 (5.29%) Gherkin
16 250 (5.07%) jQuery
17 198 (4.02%) Ajax
17 198 (4.02%) ASP.NET
18 181 (3.67%) Hibernate
Miscellaneous
1 298 (6.04%) Analytical Skills
2 213 (4.32%) User Experience
3 210 (4.26%) Mobile App
4 179 (3.63%) Computer Science
5 119 (2.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 108 (2.19%) Data Structures
7 105 (2.13%) Greenfield Project
8 73 (1.48%) Algorithms
9 70 (1.42%) Enterprise Software
10 52 (1.05%) Linux Command Line
11 48 (0.97%) Fixed Income
12 45 (0.91%) Management Information System
12 45 (0.91%) STB
13 43 (0.87%) Derivative
13 43 (0.87%) iPhone
14 40 (0.81%) Equities
15 36 (0.73%) Fintech
16 31 (0.63%) iPad
16 31 (0.63%) Virtual Team
17 26 (0.53%) NHS
Operating Systems
1 846 (17.16%) Linux
2 422 (8.56%) Unix
3 324 (6.57%) Windows
4 233 (4.73%) Apple iOS
5 179 (3.63%) Android
6 146 (2.96%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 117 (2.37%) Mac OS X
8 50 (1.01%) Windows Server
9 35 (0.71%) CentOS
9 35 (0.71%) Mac OS
10 33 (0.67%) Ubuntu
11 32 (0.65%) Windows Server 2012
12 17 (0.34%) Solaris
13 9 (0.18%) VMS
14 8 (0.16%) Windows 10
15 7 (0.14%) Windows Server 2008
16 5 (0.10%) AIX
17 4 (0.081%) Windows Server 2003
18 3 (0.061%) Debian
18 3 (0.061%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 3273 (66.39%) Agile Software Development
2 1437 (29.15%) Continuous Integration
3 1427 (28.95%) TDD
4 1292 (26.21%) Scrum
5 1006 (20.41%) BDD
6 749 (15.19%) DevOps
7 575 (11.66%) Software Engineering
8 564 (11.44%) Test Scripting
9 557 (11.30%) Open Source
10 470 (9.53%) Kanban
11 442 (8.97%) Test Strategy
12 433 (8.78%) Unit Testing
13 419 (8.50%) OO
14 418 (8.48%) Configuration Management
15 381 (7.73%) Regression Testing
16 377 (7.65%) MVC
17 373 (7.57%) Web Development
18 369 (7.48%) Continuous Delivery
19 363 (7.36%) Microservices
20 361 (7.32%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 2018 (40.93%) Java
2 1146 (23.25%) JavaScript
3 990 (20.08%) SQL
4 858 (17.40%) C#
5 787 (15.96%) Python
6 497 (10.08%) Ruby
7 389 (7.89%) Scala
8 202 (4.10%) Groovy
9 167 (3.39%) Perl
10 157 (3.18%) C++
11 135 (2.74%) Bash Shell
12 121 (2.45%) PHP
13 112 (2.27%) Shell Script
14 106 (2.15%) C
15 103 (2.09%) Apple Swift
16 100 (2.03%) ES6
17 96 (1.95%) PL/SQL
17 96 (1.95%) PowerShell
18 62 (1.26%) Objective-C
19 50 (1.01%) VB
Qualifications
1 344 (6.98%) Security Cleared
2 323 (6.55%) ISTQB
3 287 (5.82%) ISEB
4 260 (5.27%) Degree
5 216 (4.38%) SC Cleared
6 124 (2.52%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 92 (1.87%) Computer Science Degree
8 77 (1.56%) BPSS Clearance
9 36 (0.73%) DV Cleared
10 22 (0.45%) ISEB Practitioner
11 17 (0.34%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
12 13 (0.26%) CESG Certified Professional
13 12 (0.24%) Master's Degree
14 11 (0.22%) RHCE
15 9 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
15 9 (0.18%) Numerate Degree
16 8 (0.16%) MBA
17 7 (0.14%) RHCSA
18 5 (0.10%) DBS Check
18 5 (0.10%) OCP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 961 (19.49%) QA
2 55 (1.12%) MiFID
3 50 (1.01%) Disclosure Scotland
4 31 (0.63%) WCAG
5 25 (0.51%) Data Quality
6 22 (0.45%) Dodd-Frank
7 18 (0.37%) EMIR
8 14 (0.28%) HL7
9 12 (0.24%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 11 (0.22%) PCI DSS
10 11 (0.22%) WAI
11 7 (0.14%) SLA
12 6 (0.12%) GMP
13 5 (0.10%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 5 (0.10%) ISO/IEC 20000
14 3 (0.061%) GxP
14 3 (0.061%) PMO
15 2 (0.041%) GDPR
15 2 (0.041%) ISO 9000
15 2 (0.041%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 377 (7.65%) Docker
2 45 (0.91%) Virtual Machines
3 34 (0.69%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.59%) vSphere
5 25 (0.51%) Active Directory
5 25 (0.51%) VirtualBox
6 21 (0.43%) Apache Flume
7 16 (0.32%) HDFS
8 15 (0.30%) Firmware
9 12 (0.24%) Shibboleth
10 7 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
10 7 (0.14%) Oracle RAC
10 7 (0.14%) Xen
11 6 (0.12%) Terminal Services
11 6 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
12 5 (0.10%) LXC
13 3 (0.061%) Microsoft App-V
13 3 (0.061%) VMware ESXi
13 3 (0.061%) XenServer
14 2 (0.041%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 264 (5.35%) Puppet
2 200 (4.06%) Ansible
3 178 (3.61%) Opscode Chef
4 135 (2.74%) HP Quality Center
5 103 (2.09%) Kubernetes
6 53 (1.08%) Terraform
7 48 (0.97%) Kibana
8 40 (0.81%) Grafana
9 24 (0.49%) Rancher
10 21 (0.43%) HockeyApp
10 21 (0.43%) vRealize
11 15 (0.30%) Salt
12 14 (0.28%) ZABBIX
13 13 (0.26%) OpenAM
14 12 (0.24%) logstash
14 12 (0.24%) Prometheus
15 11 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
16 10 (0.20%) Consul
16 10 (0.20%) Mesos
17 9 (0.18%) HP Fortify
Vendors
1 446 (9.05%) Oracle
2 339 (6.88%) Microsoft
3 213 (4.32%) HP
4 209 (4.24%) Google
5 110 (2.23%) Red Hat
6 79 (1.60%) IBM
6 79 (1.60%) SAP
7 71 (1.44%) VMware
8 69 (1.40%) Atlassian
9 59 (1.20%) Splunk
10 55 (1.12%) Salesforce.com
11 50 (1.01%) Apple
12 46 (0.93%) New Relic
13 43 (0.87%) Xamarin
14 42 (0.85%) Sybase
15 40 (0.81%) WSO2
16 35 (0.71%) Sitecore
17 33 (0.67%) Perforce
18 32 (0.65%) Adobe
18 32 (0.65%) CA Agile Central
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £440 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Revolution Technology
Rate: From £450 to £550 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Southampton, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Posted: 12 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £235 per day
Posted: 8 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: negotiable
Posted: 11 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Spring Technology
Posted: 8 hours ago
Greater Manchester
Spier Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £410 per day + SC Clearance granted
Posted: 11 hours ago
City, London
IntaPeople
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Woking, Surrey
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £275 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Salt
Rate: £300 - £400 per annum
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Roc Search
Rate: £300 - £340 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
AMS contingency
Posted: Yesterday
South Wales
CPS Group UK
Rate: £200 - £225 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Rate: £320 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Rullion
Posted: Yesterday
Livingston, West Lothian
Search Consultancy
Posted: Yesterday
Gloucestershire
CPS Group UK
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Streamline Connections
Rate: £500 - £600 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Manchester, Lancashire
TEKsystems
Posted: Yesterday
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Stott & May
Rate: £270 - £310 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
East London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leicestershire
Searchability
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Digital Gurus
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Darlington, County Durham
FT Select
Rate: From £275 to £300 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £40 - £50 per hour
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago