Period
to 24 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
24 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 35 24 35
Rank change year-on-year -11 +11 +1
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 3,816 7,059 5,646
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.28% 7.09% 5.61%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.20% 8.12% 6.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,548 4,734 4,029
UK median daily rate £463 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -2.63% +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £319 £315 £310
90th Percentile £613 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £440 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +3.53% +6.25% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 53 86
UK median hourly rate £42.00 £42.50 £42.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -1.18% -0.58% +8.59%
10th Percentile £20.65 £19.92 £16.36
90th Percentile £67.88 £48.75 £62.25
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £42.50 £44.25
% change year-on-year -17.65% -3.95% +15.69%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 61,575 86,983 86,696
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 85.24% 87.33% 86.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 40,029 57,466 57,943
UK median daily rate £475 £475 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.56% +5.88%
10th Percentile £285 £300 £281
90th Percentile £650 £650 £638
UK excluding London median daily rate £430 £425 £409
% change year-on-year +1.18% +3.89% +2.27%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,035 2,213 2,069
UK median hourly rate £23.00 £23.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -2.13% +2.17% -1.18%
10th Percentile £12.30 £11.26 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.28 £50.00 £49.80
UK excluding London median hourly rate £21.00 £22.50 £23.75
% change year-on-year -6.67% -5.26% +5.56%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 January 2020.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 24 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -14 3,457 £475 - 1,390
UK excluding London -7 2,187 £440 +3.53% 1,061
London -21 1,550 £500 - 439
South East -5 689 £463 +2.78% 267
North of England -13 463 £425 - 282
South West -3 345 £425 -2.02% 140
Midlands -12 223 £413 -2.65% 151
Scotland -5 222 £423 +5.63% 52
Yorkshire -7 200 £450 +5.88% 111
East of England -4 177 £450 -2.70% 110
North East +4 142 £425 -2.86% 42
West Midlands -18 127 £444 +1.43% 73
North West -52 122 £429 +0.82% 129
East Midlands -6 94 £413 +3.13% 78
Wales -15 63 £375 -11.76% 49
Channel Islands -6 3 £375 -
Northern Ireland -23 3 £431 +4.61% 11

For the 6 months to 24 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,232 (58.49%) Agile Software Development
2 1,206 (31.60%) Java
3 997 (26.13%) DevOps
4 990 (25.94%) Selenium
5 927 (24.29%) JavaScript
6 806 (21.12%) Scrum
7 801 (20.99%) Continuous Integration
8 800 (20.96%) SQL
9 791 (20.73%) C#
10 737 (19.31%) TDD
11 726 (19.03%) Jenkins
12 721 (18.89%) Azure
13 697 (18.27%) Git (software)
14 645 (16.90%) JIRA
15 624 (16.35%) QA
16 607 (15.91%) BDD
17 592 (15.51%) Python
18 591 (15.49%) Cucumber
19 551 (14.44%) HTML
20 536 (14.05%) Finance
21 524 (13.73%) Security Cleared
22 511 (13.39%) CSS
23 504 (13.21%) Linux
24 503 (13.18%) AWS
25 499 (13.08%) .NET
26 464 (12.16%) Microservices
27 437 (11.45%) Docker
28 431 (11.29%) Microsoft
29 387 (10.14%) Test Scripting
30 366 (9.59%) SC Cleared

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 296 (7.76%) Confluence
2 74 (1.94%) Apache
2 74 (1.94%) Tomcat
3 45 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
4 44 (1.15%) nginx
5 42 (1.10%) SharePoint
6 41 (1.07%) WebLogic
7 39 (1.02%) Apache Spark
8 20 (0.52%) CMS
8 20 (0.52%) JBoss
9 19 (0.50%) OpenStack
10 15 (0.39%) IIS
11 14 (0.37%) Jetty
12 13 (0.34%) Drupal
12 13 (0.34%) SAS
12 13 (0.34%) WebSphere
13 12 (0.31%) ArcGIS
13 12 (0.31%) Camunda
13 12 (0.31%) Cloud Foundry
14 11 (0.29%) NServiceBus
Applications
1 32 (0.84%) Microsoft Excel
2 20 (0.52%) Microsoft Project
3 19 (0.50%) Microsoft Office
4 13 (0.34%) MS Visio
5 7 (0.18%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 4 (0.10%) Zeplin
7 3 (0.079%) Chatbot
7 3 (0.079%) Windchill
8 2 (0.052%) Adobe Illustrator
8 2 (0.052%) Photoshop
9 1 (0.026%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.026%) Autodesk Inventor
9 1 (0.026%) CATIA
9 1 (0.026%) Simulink
9 1 (0.026%) SOLIDWORKS
Business Applications
1 45 (1.18%) Dynamics CRM
2 13 (0.34%) Oracle Applications
3 12 (0.31%) Oracle EBS
3 12 (0.31%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 10 (0.26%) BusinessWorks
5 9 (0.24%) thinkFolio
6 8 (0.21%) Salesforce.com CRM
7 7 (0.18%) SAP Hybris
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle Payables
8 6 (0.16%) Oracle Receivables
9 4 (0.10%) Maximo
9 4 (0.10%) MFGPRO
9 4 (0.10%) Oracle Cash Management
9 4 (0.10%) Oracle Financials
9 4 (0.10%) Oracle General Ledger
9 4 (0.10%) SAP ERP
10 3 (0.079%) ION MarketView
10 3 (0.079%) Payment Gateway
10 3 (0.079%) SAP FI-CA
10 3 (0.079%) SAP PSCD
Cloud Services
1 721 (18.89%) Azure
2 503 (13.18%) AWS
3 246 (6.45%) GitHub
4 130 (3.41%) PaaS
5 114 (2.99%) GCP
6 98 (2.57%) Serverless
7 87 (2.28%) Power Platform
8 71 (1.86%) IaaS
9 61 (1.60%) SaaS
10 59 (1.55%) OpenShift
11 43 (1.13%) Cloud Computing
11 43 (1.13%) npm
12 41 (1.07%) AWS Lambda
13 39 (1.02%) Azure Active Directory
13 39 (1.02%) BrowserStack
14 38 (1.00%) Azure Data Factory
14 38 (1.00%) Google Analytics
15 34 (0.89%) Amazon S3
15 34 (0.89%) Slack
16 33 (0.86%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 174 (4.56%) HTTP
2 125 (3.28%) TCP/IP
3 50 (1.31%) SSL
4 48 (1.26%) DNS
5 42 (1.10%) Firewall
6 41 (1.07%) Internet
7 34 (0.89%) DSL
8 27 (0.71%) DHCP
9 24 (0.63%) VPN
10 22 (0.58%) Wireless
11 21 (0.55%) Ethernet
12 19 (0.50%) IPv6
13 18 (0.47%) Wi-Fi
13 18 (0.47%) Wireshark
14 17 (0.45%) HTTPS
14 17 (0.45%) IPv4
14 17 (0.45%) Multicast
15 16 (0.42%) ISDN
15 16 (0.42%) Kerberos
16 15 (0.39%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 243 (6.37%) SQL Server
2 214 (5.61%) Relational Database
3 189 (4.95%) MongoDB
4 186 (4.87%) NoSQL
5 103 (2.70%) MySQL
6 94 (2.46%) PostgreSQL
7 92 (2.41%) Data Warehouse
8 91 (2.38%) Data Lake
9 89 (2.33%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 83 (2.18%) Big Data
11 78 (2.04%) Power BI
12 52 (1.36%) Redis
13 45 (1.18%) Azure SQL Database
14 42 (1.10%) HDInsight
15 39 (1.02%) Hadoop
16 33 (0.86%) Amazon Redshift
16 33 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
17 32 (0.84%) Oracle Database
18 27 (0.71%) RDBMS
19 26 (0.68%) DB2
Development Applications
1 990 (25.94%) Selenium
2 726 (19.03%) Jenkins
3 697 (18.27%) Git (software)
4 645 (16.90%) JIRA
5 591 (15.49%) Cucumber
6 255 (6.68%) WebDriver
7 195 (5.11%) Visual Studio
8 188 (4.93%) JMeter
9 187 (4.90%) SpecFlow
10 185 (4.85%) JUnit
11 173 (4.53%) Maven
12 143 (3.75%) Visual Studio Team System
13 135 (3.54%) SoapUI
14 128 (3.35%) Postman
14 128 (3.35%) Team Foundation Server
15 119 (3.12%) Gatling
16 111 (2.91%) TeamCity
17 81 (2.12%) gulp
18 79 (2.07%) Atlassian Bamboo
19 76 (1.99%) GitLab
General
1 536 (14.05%) Finance
2 314 (8.23%) Public Sector
3 225 (5.90%) Banking
4 105 (2.75%) Telecoms
5 98 (2.57%) Retail
6 67 (1.76%) Manufacturing
7 55 (1.44%) Marketing
8 48 (1.26%) Front Office
9 43 (1.13%) Electronics
10 42 (1.10%) Law
11 38 (1.00%) Investment Banking
12 32 (0.84%) Legal
13 31 (0.81%) Back Office
13 31 (0.81%) Retail Banking
14 29 (0.76%) Games
15 22 (0.58%) Financial Institution
16 20 (0.52%) Publishing
17 18 (0.47%) Advertising
18 14 (0.37%) Automotive
19 13 (0.34%) Police
Job Titles
1 1,342 (35.17%) Developer
2 509 (13.34%) Tester
3 421 (11.03%) Analyst
4 369 (9.67%) Test Engineer
5 362 (9.49%) Test Analyst
6 325 (8.52%) Automation Tester
7 287 (7.52%) Java Developer
8 218 (5.71%) DevOps Engineer
9 205 (5.37%) Senior Developer
10 166 (4.35%) Test Automation Engineer
11 137 (3.59%) Software Developer
12 134 (3.51%) Automation Test Analyst
13 124 (3.25%) Software Engineer
14 123 (3.22%) .NET Developer
15 122 (3.20%) Test Manager
16 113 (2.96%) C# Developer
17 107 (2.80%) Test Leader
18 103 (2.70%) QA Engineer
19 99 (2.59%) JavaScript Developer
20 98 (2.57%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 551 (14.44%) HTML
2 511 (13.39%) CSS
3 499 (13.08%) .NET
4 348 (9.12%) AngularJS
4 348 (9.12%) RESTful
5 341 (8.94%) Node.js
6 329 (8.62%) Web Services
7 328 (8.60%) REST
8 298 (7.81%) React
9 294 (7.70%) Spring
10 286 (7.49%) JSON
11 242 (6.34%) XML
12 233 (6.11%) HTML5
13 224 (5.87%) Gherkin
14 165 (4.32%) SOAP
15 144 (3.77%) Spring Boot
16 133 (3.49%) CSS3
17 117 (3.07%) Redux
18 108 (2.83%) ASP.NET
19 96 (2.52%) .NET Core
Miscellaneous
1 251 (6.58%) Analytical Skills
2 171 (4.48%) User Experience
3 101 (2.65%) Mobile App
4 83 (2.18%) Data Structures
5 82 (2.15%) Greenfield Project
6 81 (2.12%) Self-Motivation
7 68 (1.78%) Algorithms
8 57 (1.49%) Enterprise Software
9 53 (1.39%) Linux Command Line
10 46 (1.21%) Virtual Team
11 39 (1.02%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
12 37 (0.97%) Management Information System
13 34 (0.89%) Blog
14 33 (0.86%) Cloud Native
14 33 (0.86%) Equities
15 32 (0.84%) Derivative
16 26 (0.68%) Data Centre
16 26 (0.68%) Public Cloud
17 24 (0.63%) Fixed Income
18 21 (0.55%) Embedded Systems
Operating Systems
1 504 (13.21%) Linux
2 315 (8.25%) Windows
3 288 (7.55%) Unix
4 83 (2.18%) Android
5 69 (1.81%) Apple iOS
5 69 (1.81%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 49 (1.28%) Ubuntu
7 41 (1.07%) Mac OS X
8 37 (0.97%) CentOS
8 37 (0.97%) Windows Server
9 32 (0.84%) Mac OS
10 20 (0.52%) Debian
11 16 (0.42%) Windows 10
12 10 (0.26%) Windows Server 2012
13 9 (0.24%) Oracle Linux
13 9 (0.24%) Solaris
14 8 (0.21%) VMS
15 7 (0.18%) Windows Server 2008
16 6 (0.16%) SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
17 5 (0.13%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,232 (58.49%) Agile Software Development
2 997 (26.13%) DevOps
3 806 (21.12%) Scrum
4 801 (20.99%) Continuous Integration
5 737 (19.31%) TDD
6 607 (15.91%) BDD
7 464 (12.16%) Microservices
8 387 (10.14%) Test Scripting
9 353 (9.25%) Software Engineering
10 348 (9.12%) Problem-Solving
11 316 (8.28%) Kanban
12 306 (8.02%) Open Source
13 288 (7.55%) Continuous Delivery
14 286 (7.49%) Test Strategy
15 267 (7.00%) Unit Testing
16 248 (6.50%) Regression Testing
17 242 (6.34%) Continuous Deployment
18 238 (6.24%) SDLC
19 234 (6.13%) Software Testing
20 220 (5.77%) Performance Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,206 (31.60%) Java
2 927 (24.29%) JavaScript
3 800 (20.96%) SQL
4 791 (20.73%) C#
5 592 (15.51%) Python
6 249 (6.53%) Ruby
7 211 (5.53%) Scala
8 191 (5.01%) PowerShell
9 188 (4.93%) Java 8
9 188 (4.93%) TypeScript
10 132 (3.46%) C
11 129 (3.38%) C++
12 122 (3.20%) Bash Shell
13 82 (2.15%) ES6
14 79 (2.07%) Shell Script
15 76 (1.99%) Groovy
16 71 (1.86%) Perl
17 65 (1.70%) T-SQL
18 64 (1.68%) PHP
19 51 (1.34%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 524 (13.73%) Security Cleared
2 366 (9.59%) SC Cleared
3 272 (7.13%) ISTQB
4 208 (5.45%) Degree
5 206 (5.40%) ISEB
6 124 (3.25%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 78 (2.04%) BPSS Clearance
8 74 (1.94%) DV Cleared
9 41 (1.07%) Computer Science Degree
10 32 (0.84%) Master's Degree
11 23 (0.60%) CCNA
11 23 (0.60%) Cisco Certification
12 18 (0.47%) ISEB Practitioner
13 15 (0.39%) DBS Check
14 10 (0.26%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 10 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
15 9 (0.24%) AWS Certification
16 7 (0.18%) BC Cleared
17 6 (0.16%) CISSP
18 5 (0.13%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 624 (16.35%) QA
2 58 (1.52%) WCAG
3 31 (0.81%) Data Quality
4 20 (0.52%) GDPR
5 15 (0.39%) Disclosure Scotland
6 9 (0.24%) PSD2
7 5 (0.13%) JTAG
8 4 (0.10%) MiFID
9 3 (0.079%) EMIR
9 3 (0.079%) ISO/IEC 27001
9 3 (0.079%) PMO
9 3 (0.079%) SLA
10 2 (0.052%) HL7
10 2 (0.052%) IFRS
10 2 (0.052%) NIST
10 2 (0.052%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.052%) Solvency II
11 1 (0.026%) GxP
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 26262
11 1 (0.026%) ISO 9001
System Software
1 437 (11.45%) Docker
2 82 (2.15%) Virtual Machines
3 74 (1.94%) Active Directory
4 31 (0.81%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.81%) vSphere
5 17 (0.45%) HDFS
6 8 (0.21%) Firmware
7 6 (0.16%) LXC
7 6 (0.16%) Virtual Servers
8 5 (0.13%) Hyper-V
8 5 (0.13%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.10%) NFS
10 3 (0.079%) EMC RecoverPoint
10 3 (0.079%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.052%) iptables
11 2 (0.052%) KVM
11 2 (0.052%) NDS
11 2 (0.052%) NetIQ eDirectory
11 2 (0.052%) oVirt
11 2 (0.052%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 297 (7.78%) Kubernetes
2 215 (5.63%) Ansible
3 178 (4.66%) Terraform
4 120 (3.14%) Puppet
5 90 (2.36%) Opscode Chef
6 62 (1.62%) Kibana
7 55 (1.44%) HP Quality Center
8 53 (1.39%) Grafana
9 50 (1.31%) HP ALM
10 24 (0.63%) Packer
11 14 (0.37%) OpenView Configuration Management
12 12 (0.31%) Docker Swarm
12 12 (0.31%) Nagios
12 12 (0.31%) Single Sign-On
13 10 (0.26%) Prometheus
13 10 (0.26%) Salt
14 9 (0.24%) HAProxy
15 8 (0.21%) Control-M
16 7 (0.18%) SCCM
17 6 (0.16%) WSUS
Vendors
1 431 (11.29%) Microsoft
2 240 (6.29%) Oracle
3 173 (4.53%) Google
4 108 (2.83%) SAP
5 82 (2.15%) Atlassian
6 69 (1.81%) HP
7 62 (1.62%) VMware
8 48 (1.26%) Splunk
9 44 (1.15%) IBM
10 40 (1.05%) Salesforce.com
11 37 (0.97%) ServiceNow
12 33 (0.86%) hybris
13 30 (0.79%) EMC
14 29 (0.76%) MuleSoft
15 28 (0.73%) Cisco
15 28 (0.73%) Red Hat
16 26 (0.68%) Adobe
17 25 (0.66%) webMethods
18 23 (0.60%) New Relic
18 23 (0.60%) Tableau