Period
to 22 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
22 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 38 29 39
Rank change year-on-year -9 +10 +2
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 4,564 7,010 5,334
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.38% 6.79% 5.37%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.23% 7.82% 6.22%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,021 4,743 3,722
UK median daily rate £463 £450 £438
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.78% +2.86% +4.17%
10th Percentile £325 £313 £308
90th Percentile £625 £600 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +6.06% +3.13% +3.23%
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 42 64
UK median hourly rate £44.50 £40.38 £40.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.22% -0.31% +2.87%
10th Percentile £23.00 £20.45 £16.77
90th Percentile £50.23 £55.37 £50.67
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £41.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% -2.44% +4.14%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 73,256 89,672 85,710
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 86.37% 86.82% 86.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 48,113 59,141 56,784
UK median daily rate £475 £452 £450
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.20% +0.33% +5.88%
10th Percentile £300 £300 £278
90th Percentile £650 £638 £625
UK excluding London median daily rate £438 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.94% +6.25% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,288 2,425 2,056
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £20.60 £24.66
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +16.50% -16.46% +9.60%
10th Percentile £11.87 £11.18 £11.25
90th Percentile £53.23 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.93 £20.08 £25.00
% change year-on-year +14.22% -19.70% +9.06%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 22 October 2019.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 22 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -8 4,188 £475 - 1,318
UK excluding London -10 2,463 £438 +6.06% 1,028
London -11 2,011 £500 - 395
South East -7 811 £450 +5.88% 255
North of England -6 531 £425 +4.94% 257
South West -10 357 £425 +6.25% 131
Midlands -16 242 £400 -1.23% 144
Yorkshire -1 240 £425 +6.25% 95
East of England -5 221 £450 -2.70% 138
Scotland -10 207 £400 +6.67% 68
North West -38 158 £438 +2.94% 127
North East +21 132 £425 +6.25% 35
East Midlands -2 118 £418 +11.33% 54
West Midlands -34 115 £400 -5.88% 87
Wales -11 84 £375 -6.25% 29
Channel Islands +2 9 - -
Northern Ireland -31 2 £500 +21.36% 8

For the 6 months to 22 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 2,760 (60.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,399 (30.65%) Java
3 1,322 (28.97%) Selenium
4 1,163 (25.48%) DevOps
5 1,068 (23.40%) JavaScript
6 994 (21.78%) C#
7 972 (21.30%) Scrum
8 965 (21.14%) Continuous Integration
9 942 (20.64%) TDD
10 908 (19.89%) Jenkins
11 899 (19.70%) SQL
12 890 (19.50%) Git (software)
13 889 (19.48%) QA
14 808 (17.70%) Azure
15 793 (17.38%) BDD
16 782 (17.13%) Cucumber
17 766 (16.78%) Python
18 764 (16.74%) JIRA
19 708 (15.51%) Finance
20 593 (12.99%) Microservices
21 585 (12.82%) HTML
21 585 (12.82%) AWS
22 582 (12.75%) Linux
23 579 (12.69%) .NET
24 532 (11.66%) Docker
25 531 (11.63%) CSS
26 478 (10.47%) Microsoft
27 449 (9.84%) Security Cleared
28 448 (9.82%) RESTful
29 440 (9.64%) Kanban

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 333 (7.30%) Confluence
2 109 (2.39%) Apache
3 95 (2.08%) Elasticsearch
4 79 (1.73%) Tomcat
5 68 (1.49%) SharePoint
6 62 (1.36%) Apache Spark
7 53 (1.16%) nginx
8 38 (0.83%) JBoss
9 33 (0.72%) WebLogic
10 28 (0.61%) Cloud Foundry
10 28 (0.61%) WebSphere
11 25 (0.55%) CMS
12 22 (0.48%) IIS
12 22 (0.48%) Mule
13 18 (0.39%) Drupal
13 18 (0.39%) Jetty
14 16 (0.35%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 16 (0.35%) NServiceBus
15 14 (0.31%) Umbraco
16 10 (0.22%) OpenStack
Applications
1 46 (1.01%) Microsoft Excel
2 41 (0.90%) Microsoft Office
3 15 (0.33%) MS Visio
4 14 (0.31%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 12 (0.26%) Microsoft Project
6 5 (0.11%) Zeplin
7 4 (0.088%) Adobe Illustrator
7 4 (0.088%) Chatbot
7 4 (0.088%) Photoshop
8 2 (0.044%) AutoCAD
9 1 (0.022%) Adobe Creative Suite
9 1 (0.022%) InVision
9 1 (0.022%) Simulink
9 1 (0.022%) Sketch
9 1 (0.022%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 68 (1.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 22 (0.48%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 13 (0.28%) Magento
4 9 (0.20%) BusinessWorks
5 8 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
5 8 (0.18%) SAP ERP
6 7 (0.15%) Oracle Applications
6 7 (0.15%) SAP Hybris
7 6 (0.13%) Oracle Financials
7 6 (0.13%) Oracle Payables
7 6 (0.13%) Oracle Receivables
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle General Ledger
8 5 (0.11%) Oracle Procure-to-Pay
9 4 (0.088%) Distributed Ledger
9 4 (0.088%) Fredhopper
9 4 (0.088%) Oracle BPM
9 4 (0.088%) SAP FI
9 4 (0.088%) SAP S/4HANA
9 4 (0.088%) thinkFolio
Cloud Services
1 808 (17.70%) Azure
2 585 (12.82%) AWS
3 258 (5.65%) GitHub
4 146 (3.20%) GCP
5 106 (2.32%) PaaS
6 89 (1.95%) Serverless
7 87 (1.91%) Power Platform
8 72 (1.58%) OpenShift
9 69 (1.51%) BrowserStack
10 62 (1.36%) Dynamics 365
10 62 (1.36%) IaaS
10 62 (1.36%) SaaS
11 58 (1.27%) Sauce Labs
12 51 (1.12%) Azure Data Factory
13 50 (1.10%) Cloud Computing
13 50 (1.10%) npm
14 46 (1.01%) Slack
15 43 (0.94%) Amazon S3
16 41 (0.90%) AWS Lambda
17 38 (0.83%) AWS CloudFormation
Communications & Networking
1 172 (3.77%) HTTP
2 95 (2.08%) TCP/IP
3 46 (1.01%) SSL
4 45 (0.99%) DNS
5 44 (0.96%) Internet
6 43 (0.94%) Firewall
7 19 (0.42%) Wireless
8 17 (0.37%) VPN
9 15 (0.33%) DSL
9 15 (0.33%) FTP
9 15 (0.33%) Multicast
10 14 (0.31%) DHCP
10 14 (0.31%) SSH
11 13 (0.28%) IPsec
12 10 (0.22%) Network Security
13 9 (0.20%) LAN
13 9 (0.20%) WAN
14 8 (0.18%) Skype
14 8 (0.18%) Wi-Fi
15 7 (0.15%) iSCSI
Database & Business Intelligence
1 313 (6.86%) SQL Server
2 256 (5.61%) Relational Database
3 210 (4.60%) MongoDB
4 206 (4.51%) NoSQL
5 158 (3.46%) MySQL
6 137 (3.00%) Big Data
7 120 (2.63%) Data Warehouse
8 112 (2.45%) PostgreSQL
9 73 (1.60%) Power BI
10 72 (1.58%) Hadoop
11 63 (1.38%) Data Lake
12 62 (1.36%) SQL Server Integration Services
13 58 (1.27%) RDBMS
14 56 (1.23%) Redis
15 52 (1.14%) Oracle Database
16 43 (0.94%) Apache Cassandra
17 39 (0.85%) Azure SQL Database
18 37 (0.81%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 35 (0.77%) SQL Server 2014
20 31 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 1,322 (28.97%) Selenium
2 908 (19.89%) Jenkins
3 890 (19.50%) Git (software)
4 782 (17.13%) Cucumber
5 764 (16.74%) JIRA
6 324 (7.10%) WebDriver
7 283 (6.20%) JMeter
8 254 (5.57%) SpecFlow
9 226 (4.95%) JUnit
10 211 (4.62%) Maven
11 200 (4.38%) Visual Studio
12 195 (4.27%) Visual Studio Team System
13 165 (3.62%) SoapUI
13 165 (3.62%) Team Foundation Server
13 165 (3.62%) TeamCity
14 135 (2.96%) Bitbucket
15 131 (2.87%) Gatling
16 112 (2.45%) Subversion
17 103 (2.26%) Appium
17 103 (2.26%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 708 (15.51%) Finance
2 313 (6.86%) Banking
3 299 (6.55%) Public Sector
4 139 (3.05%) Retail
5 100 (2.19%) Telecoms
6 75 (1.64%) Front Office
7 70 (1.53%) Manufacturing
8 63 (1.38%) Games
9 58 (1.27%) Legal
10 57 (1.25%) Marketing
11 52 (1.14%) Investment Banking
12 51 (1.12%) Law
13 50 (1.10%) Financial Institution
14 35 (0.77%) Electronics
15 23 (0.50%) Back Office
16 22 (0.48%) Retail Banking
17 20 (0.44%) Publishing
18 17 (0.37%) Advertising
18 17 (0.37%) Police
19 16 (0.35%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 1,572 (34.44%) Developer
2 627 (13.74%) Tester
3 521 (11.42%) Analyst
4 451 (9.88%) Test Engineer
5 444 (9.73%) Test Analyst
6 392 (8.59%) Automation Tester
7 296 (6.49%) Java Developer
8 271 (5.94%) DevOps Engineer
9 238 (5.21%) Test Automation Engineer
10 209 (4.58%) Senior Developer
11 179 (3.92%) Automation Test Analyst
12 173 (3.79%) Test Manager
13 156 (3.42%) Software Developer
14 153 (3.35%) QA Engineer
15 152 (3.33%) Software Engineer
16 127 (2.78%) C# Developer
17 125 (2.74%) Test Leader
18 122 (2.67%) .NET Developer
18 122 (2.67%) JavaScript Developer
19 117 (2.56%) Developer in Test
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 585 (12.82%) HTML
2 579 (12.69%) .NET
3 531 (11.63%) CSS
4 448 (9.82%) RESTful
5 436 (9.55%) Web Services
6 414 (9.07%) Node.js
7 411 (9.01%) REST
8 407 (8.92%) React
9 386 (8.46%) AngularJS
10 338 (7.41%) JSON
11 321 (7.03%) Spring
12 274 (6.00%) Gherkin
13 267 (5.85%) HTML5
14 255 (5.59%) XML
15 236 (5.17%) SOAP
16 161 (3.53%) Redux
17 158 (3.46%) CSS3
18 140 (3.07%) Spring Boot
19 125 (2.74%) .NET Core
19 125 (2.74%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 246 (5.39%) User Experience
2 235 (5.15%) Analytical Skills
3 163 (3.57%) Mobile App
4 136 (2.98%) Greenfield Project
5 92 (2.02%) Self-Motivation
6 78 (1.71%) Linux Command Line
7 74 (1.62%) Data Structures
8 60 (1.31%) Algorithms
8 60 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
9 53 (1.16%) Equities
9 53 (1.16%) Management Information System
10 48 (1.05%) Derivative
11 41 (0.90%) Virtual Team
12 38 (0.83%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 35 (0.77%) Blog
13 35 (0.77%) Data Centre
14 32 (0.70%) EPoS
15 31 (0.68%) Cloud Native
16 29 (0.64%) STB
17 27 (0.59%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 582 (12.75%) Linux
2 349 (7.65%) Windows
3 301 (6.60%) Unix
4 135 (2.96%) Android
5 120 (2.63%) Apple iOS
6 95 (2.08%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 77 (1.69%) Mac OS X
8 46 (1.01%) Windows Server
9 45 (0.99%) Ubuntu
10 40 (0.88%) CentOS
11 37 (0.81%) Windows 10
12 30 (0.66%) Mac OS
13 20 (0.44%) Debian
14 7 (0.15%) Oracle Linux
14 7 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
15 6 (0.13%) Solaris
15 6 (0.13%) VMS
15 6 (0.13%) Windows 8
16 5 (0.11%) Windows 7
16 5 (0.11%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 2,760 (60.47%) Agile Software Development
2 1,163 (25.48%) DevOps
3 972 (21.30%) Scrum
4 965 (21.14%) Continuous Integration
5 942 (20.64%) TDD
6 793 (17.38%) BDD
7 593 (12.99%) Microservices
8 440 (9.64%) Kanban
9 419 (9.18%) Test Scripting
10 403 (8.83%) Software Engineering
11 387 (8.48%) Test Strategy
12 366 (8.02%) Unit Testing
13 349 (7.65%) Regression Testing
14 341 (7.47%) Problem-Solving
15 331 (7.25%) SDLC
16 329 (7.21%) Continuous Delivery
17 316 (6.92%) Performance Testing
18 310 (6.79%) Manual Testing
19 292 (6.40%) Continuous Deployment
20 286 (6.27%) Software Testing
Programming Languages
1 1,399 (30.65%) Java
2 1,068 (23.40%) JavaScript
3 994 (21.78%) C#
4 899 (19.70%) SQL
5 766 (16.78%) Python
6 270 (5.92%) Ruby
7 202 (4.43%) PowerShell
8 173 (3.79%) TypeScript
9 165 (3.62%) Java 8
10 160 (3.51%) Scala
11 151 (3.31%) C++
12 119 (2.61%) Bash Shell
13 102 (2.23%) C
14 93 (2.04%) ES6
14 93 (2.04%) PHP
15 89 (1.95%) Shell Script
16 78 (1.71%) Perl
17 71 (1.56%) PL/SQL
18 63 (1.38%) Groovy
18 63 (1.38%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 449 (9.84%) Security Cleared
2 301 (6.60%) ISTQB
3 294 (6.44%) SC Cleared
4 240 (5.26%) Degree
5 205 (4.49%) ISEB
6 118 (2.59%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 75 (1.64%) DV Cleared
8 73 (1.60%) Computer Science Degree
9 69 (1.51%) BPSS Clearance
10 21 (0.46%) Master's Degree
11 17 (0.37%) DBS Check
12 13 (0.28%) Cisco Certification
13 12 (0.26%) CCNA
13 12 (0.26%) ISEB Practitioner
14 10 (0.22%) SANS
15 9 (0.20%) AWS Certification
15 9 (0.20%) CISSP
15 9 (0.20%) SSCP
15 9 (0.20%) TOGAF Certification
16 7 (0.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 889 (19.48%) QA
2 46 (1.01%) WCAG
3 26 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 22 (0.48%) GDPR
5 16 (0.35%) Disclosure Scotland
6 13 (0.28%) PSD2
7 10 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 8 (0.18%) PMO
9 6 (0.13%) NIST
9 6 (0.13%) PCI DSS
10 4 (0.088%) HL7
11 3 (0.066%) EMIR
11 3 (0.066%) JTAG
11 3 (0.066%) MiFID
11 3 (0.066%) SLA
12 2 (0.044%) GxP
12 2 (0.044%) ISO 9001
13 1 (0.022%) GAMP
13 1 (0.022%) PMBOK
13 1 (0.022%) TARGET2
System Software
1 532 (11.66%) Docker
2 71 (1.56%) Active Directory
3 59 (1.29%) Virtual Machines
4 38 (0.83%) VMware Infrastructure
5 17 (0.37%) vSphere
6 9 (0.20%) Virtual Servers
7 8 (0.18%) HDFS
7 8 (0.18%) Hyper-V
7 8 (0.18%) LXC
8 6 (0.13%) VMware ESXi
8 6 (0.13%) VMware NSX
9 4 (0.088%) EMC RecoverPoint
9 4 (0.088%) KVM
9 4 (0.088%) RACF
9 4 (0.088%) Snort
10 3 (0.066%) Firmware
10 3 (0.066%) Oracle RAC
10 3 (0.066%) oVirt
10 3 (0.066%) XenApp
11 2 (0.044%) NetIQ eDirectory
Systems Management
1 329 (7.21%) Kubernetes
2 223 (4.89%) Ansible
3 175 (3.83%) Terraform
4 145 (3.18%) Puppet
5 88 (1.93%) Opscode Chef
6 67 (1.47%) HP Quality Center
7 50 (1.10%) Kibana
8 49 (1.07%) HP ALM
9 45 (0.99%) Grafana
10 13 (0.28%) Salt
11 11 (0.24%) HAProxy
11 11 (0.24%) Packer
12 10 (0.22%) Control-M
12 10 (0.22%) Hadoop YARN
13 9 (0.20%) Docker Swarm
13 9 (0.20%) Single Sign-On
13 9 (0.20%) ZABBIX
14 8 (0.18%) Oozie
14 8 (0.18%) SCCM
15 7 (0.15%) Host Intrusion Detection System
Vendors
1 478 (10.47%) Microsoft
2 252 (5.52%) Oracle
3 180 (3.94%) Google
4 90 (1.97%) SAP
5 82 (1.80%) HP
6 77 (1.69%) Salesforce.com
7 73 (1.60%) Atlassian
8 67 (1.47%) Cypress Semiconductor
8 67 (1.47%) IBM
8 67 (1.47%) VMware
9 60 (1.31%) Red Hat
9 60 (1.31%) Splunk
10 41 (0.90%) Databricks
10 41 (0.90%) MuleSoft
11 37 (0.81%) Tableau
12 29 (0.64%) ServiceNow
13 28 (0.61%) Adobe
14 24 (0.53%) AppDynamics
15 23 (0.50%) EMC
15 23 (0.50%) hybris