Period
to 24 February 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 February 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
24 Feb 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 34 34 37
Rank change year-on-year 0 +3 +15
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5,820 4,946 4,858
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.78% 5.16% 4.50%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.82% 6.15% 5.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,153 3,291 3,323
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% -
10th Percentile £313 £285 £281
90th Percentile £600 £575 £563
UK excluding London median daily rate £403 £380 £375
% change year-on-year +5.92% +1.33% +5.63%
Number of hourly rates quoted 90 39 88
UK median hourly rate £45.00 £40.50 £40.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +1.25% +14.29%
10th Percentile £16.96 £31.65 £29.55
90th Percentile £67.25 £72.34 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £45.00 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +12.50% - +14.29%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 85,333 80,386 89,469
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.78% 83.83% 82.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 56,948 53,293 58,214
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £425
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
10th Percentile £288 £264 £263
90th Percentile £638 £613 £600
UK excluding London median daily rate £413 £400 £390
% change year-on-year +3.13% +2.56% +4.00%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2,056 2,207 2,618
UK median hourly rate £24.00 £25.00 £24.93
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -4.00% +0.30% +24.63%
10th Percentile £11.50 £11.43 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.67 £50.00 £50.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £24.29 £25.00 £26.00
% change year-on-year -2.84% -3.85% +23.81%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 24 February 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 24 February 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 5,296 £450 +5.88% 1,641
UK excluding London 0 3,002 £403 +5.92% 1,095
London +4 2,772 £500 +7.53% 647
South East +9 971 £425 +10.39% 256
North of England 0 688 £400 +2.56% 291
Midlands +2 419 £400 +5.26% 170
Yorkshire +4 323 £400 - 123
North West +4 293 £375 -6.25% 153
Scotland +5 277 £380 +4.83% 67
South West -6 268 £375 +7.14% 125
West Midlands +7 260 £413 +10.00% 93
East of England -19 194 £469 +10.29% 152
East Midlands +4 159 £390 +3.31% 77
Wales +7 101 £425 +6.25% 25
Northern Ireland +39 96 £440 +6.67% 9
North East -10 74 £413 +17.86% 15
Channel Islands +3 2 - -

For the 6 months to 24 February 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3,751 (64.45%) Agile Software Development
2 2,550 (43.81%) Java
3 1,721 (29.57%) TDD
4 1,692 (29.07%) Selenium
5 1,625 (27.92%) Continuous Integration
6 1,525 (26.20%) JavaScript
7 1,505 (25.86%) BDD
8 1,414 (24.30%) Scrum
9 1,371 (23.56%) Git (software)
10 1,202 (20.65%) Jenkins
11 1,200 (20.62%) SQL
12 1,092 (18.76%) Finance
13 1,081 (18.57%) C#
14 1,079 (18.54%) Cucumber
15 1,072 (18.42%) QA
16 1,021 (17.54%) JIRA
17 955 (16.41%) DevOps
18 846 (14.54%) HTML
19 828 (14.23%) Linux
20 802 (13.78%) Python
21 764 (13.13%) REST
22 751 (12.90%) CSS
23 713 (12.25%) .NET
24 711 (12.22%) Web Services
25 663 (11.39%) RESTful
26 660 (11.34%) Banking
27 656 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
28 646 (11.10%) Kanban
29 645 (11.08%) Continuous Delivery
30 644 (11.07%) Microservices

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 515 (8.85%) Confluence
2 151 (2.59%) Apache
3 127 (2.18%) Tomcat
4 117 (2.01%) JBoss
5 99 (1.70%) CMS
6 98 (1.68%) Elasticsearch
7 90 (1.55%) Apache Spark
8 80 (1.37%) WildFly
9 74 (1.27%) WebSphere
10 64 (1.10%) SharePoint
11 63 (1.08%) WebLogic
12 51 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 50 (0.86%) nginx
14 34 (0.58%) Adobe Experience Manager
15 29 (0.50%) IIS
16 28 (0.48%) Cloud Foundry
17 27 (0.46%) BizTalk Server
18 23 (0.40%) Jetty
19 18 (0.31%) GlassFish
20 16 (0.27%) Liferay
Applications
1 54 (0.93%) Microsoft Office
2 51 (0.88%) Microsoft Excel
3 26 (0.45%) Microsoft Project
4 12 (0.21%) MS Visio
5 9 (0.15%) Spreadsheet
6 8 (0.14%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 8 (0.14%) Simulink
7 6 (0.10%) Photoshop
8 5 (0.086%) Microsoft PowerPoint
9 4 (0.069%) Mingle
10 2 (0.034%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.017%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.017%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.017%) HipChat
11 1 (0.017%) Pipeline Pilot
Business Applications
1 42 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
2 26 (0.45%) Magento
3 18 (0.31%) Markit EDM
4 15 (0.26%) ION MarketView
5 14 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
6 10 (0.17%) Oracle EBS
7 8 (0.14%) Payment Gateway
8 7 (0.12%) Bloomberg TOMS
9 6 (0.10%) NetSuite
10 4 (0.069%) SAP Hybris
11 3 (0.052%) Oracle Applications
11 3 (0.052%) SAP Oil and Gas
11 3 (0.052%) Summit
12 2 (0.034%) Loan IQ
12 2 (0.034%) Oracle CRM
12 2 (0.034%) Oracle EBS R12
12 2 (0.034%) Oracle General Ledger
12 2 (0.034%) Oracle Payables
12 2 (0.034%) RMDS
12 2 (0.034%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 656 (11.27%) Amazon AWS
2 387 (6.65%) Microsoft Azure
3 201 (3.45%) GitHub
4 125 (2.15%) npm
5 95 (1.63%) Serverless
6 88 (1.51%) Slack
7 87 (1.49%) Amazon EC2
8 75 (1.29%) PaaS
9 71 (1.22%) IaaS
10 60 (1.03%) AWS CloudFormation
11 57 (0.98%) Cloud Computing
12 55 (0.95%) Amazon S3
12 55 (0.95%) Google Cloud Platform
13 52 (0.89%) SaaS
14 46 (0.79%) OpenShift
14 46 (0.79%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 43 (0.74%) AWS Lambda
16 41 (0.70%) BrowserStack
17 38 (0.65%) Sauce Labs
18 22 (0.38%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 275 (4.73%) HTTP
2 135 (2.32%) TCP/IP
3 97 (1.67%) Internet
4 58 (1.00%) SSL
5 53 (0.91%) SMS
6 46 (0.79%) DNS
7 28 (0.48%) DHCP
8 26 (0.45%) Firewall
9 24 (0.41%) Wireless
10 23 (0.40%) IPsec
11 18 (0.31%) PuTTY
12 17 (0.29%) FTP
12 17 (0.29%) VLAN
12 17 (0.29%) WinSCP
13 15 (0.26%) AMQP
13 15 (0.26%) Bluetooth
14 13 (0.22%) DSL
14 13 (0.22%) FIX Connectivity
14 13 (0.22%) VPN
15 10 (0.17%) 3G
Database & Business Intelligence
1 488 (8.38%) Relational Database
2 447 (7.68%) SQL Server
3 393 (6.75%) MongoDB
3 393 (6.75%) NoSQL
4 266 (4.57%) MySQL
5 243 (4.18%) PostgreSQL
6 218 (3.75%) RDBMS
7 174 (2.99%) Big Data
8 171 (2.94%) Redis
9 130 (2.23%) Hadoop
10 106 (1.82%) Oracle Database
11 94 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
12 86 (1.48%) Data Warehouse
13 69 (1.19%) SQL Server 2012
14 55 (0.95%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 52 (0.89%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 42 (0.72%) SQL Server 2016
17 41 (0.70%) Amazon RDS
18 37 (0.64%) SQL Server 2014
19 36 (0.62%) DB2
Development Applications
1 1,692 (29.07%) Selenium
2 1,371 (23.56%) Git (software)
3 1,202 (20.65%) Jenkins
4 1,079 (18.54%) Cucumber
5 1,021 (17.54%) JIRA
6 516 (8.87%) Maven
7 512 (8.80%) WebDriver
8 511 (8.78%) JUnit
9 363 (6.24%) Subversion
10 336 (5.77%) SoapUI
11 332 (5.70%) SpecFlow
12 266 (4.57%) JMeter
13 256 (4.40%) TeamCity
14 246 (4.23%) Team Foundation Server
15 245 (4.21%) Visual Studio
16 233 (4.00%) Jasmine
17 188 (3.23%) Appium
18 183 (3.14%) NUnit
19 176 (3.02%) SonarQube
20 174 (2.99%) Mockito
General
1 1,092 (18.76%) Finance
2 660 (11.34%) Banking
3 217 (3.73%) Retail
4 170 (2.92%) Games
5 157 (2.70%) Investment Banking
6 154 (2.65%) Telecoms
7 107 (1.84%) Marketing
8 100 (1.72%) Front Office
9 87 (1.49%) Manufacturing
10 61 (1.05%) Law
11 59 (1.01%) Electronics
12 50 (0.86%) Financial Institution
13 38 (0.65%) Back Office
14 36 (0.62%) Advertising
14 36 (0.62%) Retail Banking
15 31 (0.53%) Publishing
16 22 (0.38%) Legal
17 17 (0.29%) Automotive
18 15 (0.26%) Billing
18 15 (0.26%) Corporate Banking
Job Titles
1 2,177 (37.41%) Developer
2 817 (14.04%) Analyst
3 804 (13.81%) Java Developer
4 796 (13.68%) Tester
5 684 (11.75%) Test Analyst
6 511 (8.78%) Automation Tester
7 404 (6.94%) Test Engineer
8 335 (5.76%) Automation Test Analyst
9 317 (5.45%) Senior Developer
10 316 (5.43%) DevOps Engineer
11 233 (4.00%) Test Automation Engineer
12 231 (3.97%) C# Developer
13 210 (3.61%) JavaScript Developer
14 208 (3.57%) Developer in Test
15 198 (3.40%) Software Engineer
16 186 (3.20%) .NET Developer
17 182 (3.13%) QA Engineer
18 175 (3.01%) Java Engineer
19 168 (2.89%) Agile Developer
20 161 (2.77%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 846 (14.54%) HTML
2 764 (13.13%) REST
3 751 (12.90%) CSS
4 713 (12.25%) .NET
5 711 (12.22%) Web Services
6 663 (11.39%) RESTful
7 588 (10.10%) AngularJS
8 571 (9.81%) Spring
9 493 (8.47%) Node.js
10 480 (8.25%) HTML5
11 443 (7.61%) JSON
12 374 (6.43%) React
13 363 (6.24%) Gherkin
14 319 (5.48%) XML
15 318 (5.46%) SOAP
16 292 (5.02%) CSS3
17 291 (5.00%) Hibernate
18 279 (4.79%) jQuery
19 233 (4.00%) Spring Boot
20 189 (3.25%) Sass
Miscellaneous
1 302 (5.19%) Analytical Skills
2 271 (4.66%) Mobile App
3 236 (4.05%) Computer Science
4 223 (3.83%) Greenfield Project
5 222 (3.81%) User Experience
6 142 (2.44%) Data Structures
7 129 (2.22%) Fintech
8 125 (2.15%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
9 123 (2.11%) Linux Command Line
10 117 (2.01%) Enterprise Software
11 88 (1.51%) Virtual Team
12 74 (1.27%) Algorithms
13 61 (1.05%) Management Information System
14 60 (1.03%) Equities
15 58 (1.00%) Fixed Income
16 56 (0.96%) Public Cloud
17 50 (0.86%) Derivative
18 35 (0.60%) N-Tier
19 32 (0.55%) Mainframe
20 28 (0.48%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 828 (14.23%) Linux
2 493 (8.47%) Unix
3 361 (6.20%) Windows
4 258 (4.43%) Android
5 227 (3.90%) Apple iOS
6 161 (2.77%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 127 (2.18%) Mac OS X
8 68 (1.17%) VMS
9 58 (1.00%) Windows Server
10 43 (0.74%) Windows Server 2012
11 27 (0.46%) CentOS
11 27 (0.46%) Ubuntu
12 17 (0.29%) Solaris
13 14 (0.24%) Mac OS
14 12 (0.21%) Windows 10
15 9 (0.15%) Nucleus RTOS
16 8 (0.14%) Debian
16 8 (0.14%) VxWorks
17 7 (0.12%) Windows Server 2008
18 6 (0.10%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3,751 (64.45%) Agile Software Development
2 1,721 (29.57%) TDD
3 1,625 (27.92%) Continuous Integration
4 1,505 (25.86%) BDD
5 1,414 (24.30%) Scrum
6 955 (16.41%) DevOps
7 646 (11.10%) Kanban
8 645 (11.08%) Continuous Delivery
9 644 (11.07%) Microservices
10 611 (10.50%) OO
11 576 (9.90%) Software Engineering
12 549 (9.43%) Test Scripting
13 544 (9.35%) Unit Testing
14 518 (8.90%) Open Source
15 467 (8.02%) Configuration Management
16 457 (7.85%) SDLC
17 416 (7.15%) Mentoring
18 410 (7.04%) User Stories
19 390 (6.70%) Functional Testing
20 373 (6.41%) Regression Testing
Programming Languages
1 2,550 (43.81%) Java
2 1,525 (26.20%) JavaScript
3 1,200 (20.62%) SQL
4 1,081 (18.57%) C#
5 802 (13.78%) Python
6 464 (7.97%) Ruby
7 241 (4.14%) Scala
8 182 (3.13%) ES6
9 181 (3.11%) Groovy
10 174 (2.99%) C++
11 167 (2.87%) Bash Shell
12 156 (2.68%) TypeScript
13 149 (2.56%) PowerShell
14 144 (2.47%) Perl
15 125 (2.15%) PHP
16 110 (1.89%) T-SQL
17 106 (1.82%) Shell Script
18 102 (1.75%) C
19 93 (1.60%) Apple Swift
20 80 (1.37%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 501 (8.61%) Security Cleared
2 364 (6.25%) SC Cleared
3 345 (5.93%) Degree
4 239 (4.11%) ISTQB
5 209 (3.59%) ISEB
6 107 (1.84%) Computer Science Degree
7 91 (1.56%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 82 (1.41%) BPSS Clearance
9 63 (1.08%) DV Cleared
10 28 (0.48%) Master's Degree
11 22 (0.38%) Numerate Degree
11 22 (0.38%) PMP
12 20 (0.34%) PMI Certification
13 15 (0.26%) Microsoft Certification
14 12 (0.21%) ISEB Practitioner
15 10 (0.17%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 9 (0.15%) MCSE
17 8 (0.14%) CISSP
18 6 (0.10%) CCNA
18 6 (0.10%) Cisco Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1,072 (18.42%) QA
2 39 (0.67%) WCAG
3 33 (0.57%) Disclosure Scotland
4 32 (0.55%) MiFID
5 26 (0.45%) PCI DSS
6 17 (0.29%) GDPR
7 13 (0.22%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 9 (0.15%) Data Quality
9 8 (0.14%) PMO
10 7 (0.12%) GCP
11 5 (0.086%) IFRS
11 5 (0.086%) IFRS 9
11 5 (0.086%) ISO 26262
11 5 (0.086%) WAI
12 3 (0.052%) DO-178B
12 3 (0.052%) GAMP
12 3 (0.052%) IEC 62304
12 3 (0.052%) ISO 9001
13 2 (0.034%) 21 CFR Part 11
13 2 (0.034%) SLA
System Software
1 545 (9.36%) Docker
2 51 (0.88%) Active Directory
3 32 (0.55%) VMware Infrastructure
4 31 (0.53%) Virtual Machines
5 24 (0.41%) vSphere
6 15 (0.26%) Firmware
7 11 (0.19%) Virtual Servers
8 10 (0.17%) Hyper-V
9 7 (0.12%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 7 (0.12%) VMware Workstation
10 6 (0.10%) iptables
10 6 (0.10%) oVirt
10 6 (0.10%) RHEV
11 5 (0.086%) HDFS
11 5 (0.086%) Microsoft App-V
11 5 (0.086%) Virtual Desktop
11 5 (0.086%) VMware ESXi
12 4 (0.069%) Varnish
13 3 (0.052%) Apache Flume
14 1 (0.017%) KVM
Systems Management
1 339 (5.82%) Puppet
2 276 (4.74%) Ansible
3 223 (3.83%) Opscode Chef
4 160 (2.75%) Kubernetes
5 158 (2.71%) HP Quality Center
6 156 (2.68%) HP ALM
7 116 (1.99%) Terraform
8 81 (1.39%) Kibana
9 67 (1.15%) Grafana
10 63 (1.08%) logstash
11 32 (0.55%) Salt
12 29 (0.50%) Nagios
13 24 (0.41%) ITRS Geneos
13 24 (0.41%) Prometheus
14 21 (0.36%) StatsD
15 19 (0.33%) Graylog
16 17 (0.29%) Mesos
16 17 (0.29%) ZABBIX
17 15 (0.26%) Rancher
18 14 (0.24%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 428 (7.35%) Oracle
2 374 (6.43%) Microsoft
3 223 (3.83%) HP
4 141 (2.42%) Atlassian
5 119 (2.04%) Google
6 115 (1.98%) Red Hat
7 108 (1.86%) Splunk
8 99 (1.70%) SAP
9 98 (1.68%) Salesforce.com
10 88 (1.51%) IBM
11 66 (1.13%) VMware
12 57 (0.98%) Perforce
13 46 (0.79%) Bloomberg
14 45 (0.77%) Twitter
15 43 (0.74%) AppDynamics
16 42 (0.72%) New Relic
17 40 (0.69%) Adobe
18 33 (0.57%) Sybase
19 30 (0.52%) Capita
20 28 (0.48%) Xamarin