Period
to 19 September 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies with a requirement for Test Automation skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 September 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Automated Testing
UK
6 months to
19 Sep 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 39 39 45
Rank change year-on-year 0 +6 +11
Contract jobs citing Test Automation 5157 4940 4488
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 5.23% 4.62% 3.96%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 6.19% 5.52% 4.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 3518 3257 3050
UK median daily rate £425 £420 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +1.19% +5.00% +6.67%
10th Percentile £305 £288 £275
90th Percentile £588 £570 £575
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £360
% change year-on-year +6.67% +4.17% +2.86%
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 61 86
UK median hourly rate £40.00 £38.50 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +3.90% +10.00% -4.76%
10th Percentile £17.02 £26.25 £29.25
90th Percentile £52.63 £59.31 £47.50
UK excluding London median hourly rate £40.00 £38.94 £35.00
% change year-on-year +2.74% +11.24% -2.78%

Test Automation is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
UK
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 83264 89571 92172
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the UK 84.37% 83.68% 81.27%
Number of daily rates quoted 54899 59330 59611
UK median daily rate £450 £425 £405
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +4.94% +1.25%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £263
90th Percentile £625 £600 £595
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £400 £375
% change year-on-year - +6.67% +2.74%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2025 2249 2591
UK median hourly rate £24.66 £24.00 £22.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.75% +6.67% +12.50%
10th Percentile £11.51 £11.50 £11.50
90th Percentile £50.21 £48.40 £47.71
UK excluding London median hourly rate £25.00 £25.00 £22.83
% change year-on-year - +9.51% +8.71%

Test Automation
Job Vacancy Trend

Job postings citing Test Automation as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised.

Job vacancy trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor daily rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 September 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing Test Automation over the 6 months to 19 September 2017.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for Test Automation in the UK

Test Automation
Top 17 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Test Automation within the UK over the 6 months to 19 September 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4674 £440 +3.41% 770
UK excluding London +5 2781 £400 +6.67% 503
London +2 2302 £480 +6.67% 316
South East 0 789 £400 - 118
North of England +7 668 £400 +5.26% 160
Midlands 0 343 £375 - 69
South West +15 328 £375 - 49
Yorkshire +23 322 £414 +3.44% 70
North West +10 278 £400 - 79
East of England +8 239 £406 -4.41% 56
Scotland +5 228 £375 +11.11% 40
West Midlands +2 182 £390 +7.59% 37
East Midlands +6 159 £375 - 30
Northern Ireland +15 118 £415 +44.35% 2
North East +14 73 £350 +6.87% 11
Wales -9 65 £375 -6.25% 9
Channel Islands - 9 - -

For the 6 months to 19 September 2017, IT contractor jobs citing Test Automation also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for Test Automation.

1 3321 (64.40%) Agile Software Development
2 2152 (41.73%) Java
3 1477 (28.64%) TDD
4 1436 (27.85%) Continuous Integration
5 1339 (25.96%) Selenium
6 1323 (25.65%) Scrum
7 1272 (24.67%) JavaScript
8 1217 (23.60%) Git (software)
9 1175 (22.78%) Jenkins
10 1055 (20.46%) BDD
11 1030 (19.97%) SQL
12 1018 (19.74%) QA
13 972 (18.85%) JIRA
14 942 (18.27%) Finance
15 924 (17.92%) HTML
16 875 (16.97%) C#
17 852 (16.52%) Cucumber
18 828 (16.06%) CSS
19 790 (15.32%) Python
20 774 (15.01%) Linux
21 771 (14.95%) DevOps
22 751 (14.56%) Banking
23 722 (14.00%) Web Services
24 693 (13.44%) REST
25 588 (11.40%) .NET
26 572 (11.09%) AngularJS
27 536 (10.39%) Software Engineering
28 534 (10.35%) Test Scripting
29 531 (10.30%) OO
30 526 (10.20%) HTML5

Test Automation
Co-occurring IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 396 (7.68%) Confluence
2 121 (2.35%) Tomcat
3 117 (2.27%) Apache
4 105 (2.04%) JBoss
5 95 (1.84%) CMS
6 80 (1.55%) WebSphere
7 69 (1.34%) Apache Spark
7 69 (1.34%) Elasticsearch
7 69 (1.34%) WebLogic
8 55 (1.07%) SharePoint
9 52 (1.01%) nginx
9 52 (1.01%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 30 (0.58%) Drupal
11 27 (0.52%) IIS
12 22 (0.43%) Mule
13 21 (0.41%) OpenStack
14 20 (0.39%) Cloud Foundry
15 19 (0.37%) Sitecore CMS
15 19 (0.37%) WildFly
16 17 (0.33%) Adobe Experience Manager
Applications
1 68 (1.32%) Microsoft Excel
2 40 (0.78%) Microsoft Office
3 25 (0.48%) MS Visio
4 19 (0.37%) Microsoft Project
5 17 (0.33%) Microsoft PowerPoint
6 13 (0.25%) Photoshop
7 6 (0.12%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 5 (0.097%) Pipeline Pilot
9 4 (0.078%) Mingle
9 4 (0.078%) Simulink
9 4 (0.078%) Spreadsheet
10 2 (0.039%) GIMP
11 1 (0.019%) Adobe Illustrator
11 1 (0.019%) Chatbot
11 1 (0.019%) Doxygen
11 1 (0.019%) InVision
Business Applications
1 31 (0.60%) Dynamics CRM
2 20 (0.39%) Magento
3 14 (0.27%) Markit EDM
4 13 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
5 12 (0.23%) SAP Hybris
6 11 (0.21%) ION MarketView
7 10 (0.19%) Bloomberg TOMS
8 8 (0.16%) RMDS
9 6 (0.12%) SAP ERP
10 5 (0.097%) Endur
10 5 (0.097%) Oracle Applications
10 5 (0.097%) Oracle EBS
11 4 (0.078%) Dynamics AX
11 4 (0.078%) IntelliMatch
11 4 (0.078%) Oracle Financials
11 4 (0.078%) SunGard Martini
11 4 (0.078%) WebTrends
12 3 (0.058%) Misys Midas
12 3 (0.058%) Remedy ITSM
12 3 (0.058%) Salesforce.com CRM
Cloud Services
1 474 (9.19%) Amazon AWS
2 237 (4.60%) Microsoft Azure
3 154 (2.99%) GitHub
4 83 (1.61%) npm
5 72 (1.40%) SaaS
6 55 (1.07%) PaaS
7 51 (0.99%) Amazon EC2
8 49 (0.95%) IaaS
9 48 (0.93%) Slack
10 44 (0.85%) OpenShift
11 41 (0.80%) AWS Lambda
12 38 (0.74%) Cloud Computing
13 36 (0.70%) AWS CloudFormation
14 32 (0.62%) Google Cloud Platform
15 31 (0.60%) Sauce Labs
16 29 (0.56%) BrowserStack
17 18 (0.35%) Amazon SQS
17 18 (0.35%) OpenDNS
17 18 (0.35%) Virtual Private Cloud
18 17 (0.33%) Amazon S3
Communications & Networking
1 309 (5.99%) HTTP
2 137 (2.66%) Internet
3 105 (2.04%) TCP/IP
4 77 (1.49%) SSL
5 60 (1.16%) Wireless
6 47 (0.91%) DNS
7 32 (0.62%) SMS
8 30 (0.58%) LDAP
9 22 (0.43%) LTE
9 22 (0.43%) Network Security
10 20 (0.39%) Bluetooth
10 20 (0.39%) Firewall
11 18 (0.35%) PuTTY
12 17 (0.33%) 4G
12 17 (0.33%) WinSCP
13 16 (0.31%) Wi-Fi
14 15 (0.29%) Wireshark
15 12 (0.23%) FTP
16 11 (0.21%) Ethernet
16 11 (0.21%) NAS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 421 (8.16%) Relational Database
2 366 (7.10%) SQL Server
3 315 (6.11%) MongoDB
4 241 (4.67%) NoSQL
5 186 (3.61%) MySQL
6 169 (3.28%) Big Data
7 165 (3.20%) PostgreSQL
7 165 (3.20%) RDBMS
8 142 (2.75%) Hadoop
9 101 (1.96%) Redis
10 82 (1.59%) Oracle Database
11 71 (1.38%) Data Warehouse
12 70 (1.36%) DB2
13 56 (1.09%) Apache Cassandra
14 48 (0.93%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 45 (0.87%) SQL Server 2012
16 40 (0.78%) SQL Server 2008
17 38 (0.74%) Apache Hive
18 32 (0.62%) SQL Server Reporting Services
19 31 (0.60%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1339 (25.96%) Selenium
2 1217 (23.60%) Git (software)
3 1175 (22.78%) Jenkins
4 972 (18.85%) JIRA
5 852 (16.52%) Cucumber
6 507 (9.83%) WebDriver
7 410 (7.95%) JUnit
8 404 (7.83%) Subversion
9 303 (5.88%) Maven
10 236 (4.58%) SoapUI
11 233 (4.52%) TeamCity
12 231 (4.48%) SpecFlow
13 218 (4.23%) Team Foundation Server
14 196 (3.80%) Visual Studio
15 185 (3.59%) JMeter
16 170 (3.30%) Grunt
17 166 (3.22%) Jasmine
18 163 (3.16%) gulp
19 143 (2.77%) Protractor
20 139 (2.70%) HP UFT
General
1 942 (18.27%) Finance
2 751 (14.56%) Banking
3 281 (5.45%) Investment Banking
4 213 (4.13%) Retail
5 141 (2.73%) Telecoms
6 135 (2.62%) Front Office
7 128 (2.48%) Games
8 110 (2.13%) Marketing
9 61 (1.18%) Manufacturing
10 53 (1.03%) Back Office
11 52 (1.01%) Electronics
12 47 (0.91%) Financial Institution
13 40 (0.78%) Legal
14 32 (0.62%) Corporate Banking
15 31 (0.60%) Publishing
16 28 (0.54%) Retail Banking
17 27 (0.52%) Law
18 20 (0.39%) Advertising
19 19 (0.37%) Automotive
19 19 (0.37%) Billing
Job Titles
1 2040 (39.56%) Developer
2 762 (14.78%) Tester
3 724 (14.04%) Analyst
4 688 (13.34%) Java Developer
5 579 (11.23%) Test Analyst
6 510 (9.89%) Automation Tester
7 359 (6.96%) Test Engineer
8 327 (6.34%) Senior Developer
9 242 (4.69%) Automation Test Analyst
10 223 (4.32%) .NET Developer
10 223 (4.32%) DevOps Engineer
11 195 (3.78%) C# Developer
12 189 (3.66%) Agile Developer
13 179 (3.47%) JavaScript Developer
14 173 (3.35%) Test Automation Engineer
15 167 (3.24%) Developer in Test
15 167 (3.24%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
16 152 (2.95%) QA Engineer
16 152 (2.95%) Senior Java Developer
17 135 (2.62%) Test Leader
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 924 (17.92%) HTML
2 828 (16.06%) CSS
3 722 (14.00%) Web Services
4 693 (13.44%) REST
5 588 (11.40%) .NET
6 572 (11.09%) AngularJS
7 526 (10.20%) HTML5
8 509 (9.87%) RESTful
9 493 (9.56%) JSON
10 458 (8.88%) Spring
11 415 (8.05%) Node.js
12 354 (6.86%) React
13 351 (6.81%) XML
14 347 (6.73%) SOAP
15 319 (6.19%) CSS3
16 268 (5.20%) Gherkin
17 235 (4.56%) jQuery
18 217 (4.21%) Ajax
19 212 (4.11%) Hibernate
20 172 (3.34%) ASP.NET
Miscellaneous
1 322 (6.24%) Analytical Skills
2 253 (4.91%) Mobile App
3 209 (4.05%) User Experience
4 205 (3.98%) Computer Science
5 167 (3.24%) Data Structures
6 121 (2.35%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
7 115 (2.23%) Greenfield Project
8 63 (1.22%) Virtual Team
9 62 (1.20%) Algorithms
10 61 (1.18%) Derivative
10 61 (1.18%) Enterprise Software
11 60 (1.16%) Equities
12 52 (1.01%) STB
13 48 (0.93%) Linux Command Line
14 45 (0.87%) Fintech
14 45 (0.87%) N-Tier
15 43 (0.83%) Fixed Income
16 38 (0.74%) Management Information System
17 36 (0.70%) Public Cloud
18 34 (0.66%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 774 (15.01%) Linux
2 391 (7.58%) Unix
3 354 (6.86%) Windows
4 205 (3.98%) Android
4 205 (3.98%) Apple iOS
5 167 (3.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 114 (2.21%) Mac OS X
7 47 (0.91%) Windows Server
8 46 (0.89%) CentOS
9 30 (0.58%) VMS
10 29 (0.56%) Windows Server 2012
11 27 (0.52%) Ubuntu
12 25 (0.48%) Mac OS
13 19 (0.37%) Windows 10
14 18 (0.35%) Solaris
15 9 (0.17%) HPUX
16 8 (0.16%) AIX
16 8 (0.16%) Windows Server 2008
17 7 (0.14%) CoreOS
17 7 (0.14%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 3321 (64.40%) Agile Software Development
2 1477 (28.64%) TDD
3 1436 (27.85%) Continuous Integration
4 1323 (25.65%) Scrum
5 1055 (20.46%) BDD
6 771 (14.95%) DevOps
7 536 (10.39%) Software Engineering
8 534 (10.35%) Test Scripting
9 531 (10.30%) OO
10 484 (9.39%) Open Source
11 454 (8.80%) Unit Testing
12 435 (8.44%) Kanban
13 418 (8.11%) Test Strategy
14 413 (8.01%) Continuous Delivery
15 407 (7.89%) SDLC
16 383 (7.43%) Configuration Management
17 369 (7.16%) MVC
18 362 (7.02%) Functional Testing
19 361 (7.00%) Regression Testing
20 359 (6.96%) User Stories
Programming Languages
1 2152 (41.73%) Java
2 1272 (24.67%) JavaScript
3 1030 (19.97%) SQL
4 875 (16.97%) C#
5 790 (15.32%) Python
6 422 (8.18%) Ruby
7 299 (5.80%) Scala
8 189 (3.66%) Groovy
9 170 (3.30%) C++
10 144 (2.79%) Bash Shell
11 133 (2.58%) ES6
11 133 (2.58%) Perl
11 133 (2.58%) PHP
12 108 (2.09%) C
13 103 (2.00%) Apple Swift
13 103 (2.00%) Shell Script
14 96 (1.86%) PowerShell
15 81 (1.57%) TypeScript
16 74 (1.43%) PL/SQL
17 68 (1.32%) T-SQL
Qualifications
1 341 (6.61%) Security Cleared
2 328 (6.36%) Degree
3 262 (5.08%) ISTQB
4 247 (4.79%) ISEB
5 223 (4.32%) SC Cleared
6 112 (2.17%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
7 84 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
8 71 (1.38%) BPSS Clearance
9 35 (0.68%) DV Cleared
10 21 (0.41%) Numerate Degree
11 15 (0.29%) Master's Degree
12 13 (0.25%) CTC Cleared
13 12 (0.23%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
14 10 (0.19%) ISEB Practitioner
15 9 (0.17%) Microsoft Certification
16 8 (0.16%) PMP
16 8 (0.16%) RHCE
16 8 (0.16%) RHCSA
17 7 (0.14%) PMI Certification
18 6 (0.12%) CISSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 1018 (19.74%) QA
2 64 (1.24%) MiFID
3 38 (0.74%) Disclosure Scotland
4 36 (0.70%) WCAG
5 27 (0.52%) Data Quality
6 25 (0.48%) PCI DSS
7 13 (0.25%) Dodd-Frank
7 13 (0.25%) GDPR
8 12 (0.23%) EMIR
9 11 (0.21%) HL7
10 9 (0.17%) ISO/IEC 27001
11 8 (0.16%) SLA
11 8 (0.16%) WAI
12 4 (0.078%) AIFMD
12 4 (0.078%) PMO
13 3 (0.058%) GCP
13 3 (0.058%) IFRS
13 3 (0.058%) IFRS 9
13 3 (0.058%) ISO 26262
13 3 (0.058%) SEPA
System Software
1 378 (7.33%) Docker
2 35 (0.68%) VMware Infrastructure
3 29 (0.56%) VirtualBox
4 28 (0.54%) Active Directory
4 28 (0.54%) Virtual Machines
5 22 (0.43%) Firmware
6 20 (0.39%) vSphere
7 17 (0.33%) HDFS
8 10 (0.19%) Apache Flume
9 9 (0.17%) Hyper-V
9 9 (0.17%) Xen
10 7 (0.14%) OpenAM
11 6 (0.12%) iptables
11 6 (0.12%) oVirt
11 6 (0.12%) RHEV
11 6 (0.12%) Terminal Services
11 6 (0.12%) VMware ESXi
12 3 (0.058%) Apache ZooKeeper
13 2 (0.039%) KVM
13 2 (0.039%) LXC
Systems Management
1 292 (5.66%) Puppet
2 233 (4.52%) Ansible
3 198 (3.84%) Opscode Chef
4 159 (3.08%) HP Quality Center
5 112 (2.17%) Kubernetes
6 79 (1.53%) Terraform
7 47 (0.91%) Kibana
8 25 (0.48%) Grafana
9 24 (0.47%) Salt
10 22 (0.43%) Rancher
11 16 (0.31%) ZABBIX
12 15 (0.29%) logstash
13 14 (0.27%) vRealize
14 12 (0.23%) Nagios
15 11 (0.21%) Business Desktop Deployment
15 11 (0.21%) Hadoop YARN
15 11 (0.21%) Oozie
16 10 (0.19%) Mesos
16 10 (0.19%) Prometheus
17 9 (0.17%) Docker Swarm
Vendors
1 398 (7.72%) Oracle
2 345 (6.69%) Microsoft
3 226 (4.38%) HP
4 164 (3.18%) Google
5 104 (2.02%) Red Hat
6 88 (1.71%) Atlassian
7 83 (1.61%) SAP
8 80 (1.55%) IBM
9 67 (1.30%) VMware
10 66 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
11 65 (1.26%) New Relic
12 63 (1.22%) hybris
13 54 (1.05%) Sybase
14 49 (0.95%) Perforce
14 49 (0.95%) Splunk
14 49 (0.95%) Xamarin
15 33 (0.64%) WSO2
16 29 (0.56%) Adobe
17 27 (0.52%) Sitecore
17 27 (0.52%) TIBCO