Period
to 23 October 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 23 October 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
23 Oct 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 23 13
Rank change year-on-year -5 -10 -2
Contract jobs citing CSS 236 384 379
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 6.03% 7.52% 8.13%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 24.71% 24.30% 32.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 173 253 251
West Midlands median daily rate £413 £400 £351
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +3.13% +14.12% +0.14%
10th Percentile £281 £294 £256
90th Percentile £538 £502 £500
England median daily rate £450 £425 £425
% change year-on-year +5.88% - +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 3 7
West Midlands median hourly rate £35.00 £52.00 £33.44
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -32.69% +55.50% +39.33%
England median hourly rate £37.35 £42.25 £40.00
% change year-on-year -11.60% +5.63% +9.59%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 955 1,580 1,158
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 24.39% 30.94% 24.83%
Number of daily rates quoted 679 974 762
West Midlands median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
10th Percentile £306 £306 £263
90th Percentile £575 £575 £575
England median daily rate £500 £475 £450
% change year-on-year +5.26% +5.56% +5.88%
Number of hourly rates quoted 7 12 32
West Midlands median hourly rate £35.00 £26.75 £30.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +30.84% -12.30% +29.79%
10th Percentile £27.50 £11.03 £15.15
90th Percentile £45.25 £57.35 £40.18
England median hourly rate £44.57 £41.69 £40.00
% change year-on-year +6.90% +4.22% +6.67%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 23 October 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 23 October 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -6 106 £425 +11.48% 59
Coventry -6 45 £425 -5.56% 11
Shropshire -2 23 £395 -9.20% 11
Solihull +6 13 £375 -9.09% 14
Warwickshire -14 10 £413 +13.79% 21
Staffordshire -1 9 £413 +17.86% 26
Worcestershire +3 6 £299 +11.16% 21
Wolverhampton +12 4 £393 +30.83% 2
Herefordshire +14 3 £406 - 7
Walsall +5 2 £469 +17.19% 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 23 October 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 210 (88.98%) HTML
2 179 (75.85%) JavaScript
3 120 (50.85%) Agile Software Development
4 89 (37.71%) AngularJS
5 84 (35.59%) HTML5
6 78 (33.05%) Git (software)
7 74 (31.36%) C#
8 73 (30.93%) .NET
9 65 (27.54%) CSS3
10 62 (26.27%) Front End Development
11 57 (24.15%) Sass
12 56 (23.73%) User Experience
13 55 (23.31%) React
14 54 (22.88%) MVC
15 48 (20.34%) ASP.NET
15 48 (20.34%) jQuery
16 46 (19.49%) Java
17 45 (19.07%) Scrum
17 45 (19.07%) Azure
18 44 (18.64%) SQL Server
19 39 (16.53%) Web Services
19 39 (16.53%) ASP.NET MVC
20 38 (16.10%) TypeScript
21 37 (15.68%) REST
22 36 (15.25%) Continuous Integration
23 35 (14.83%) PHP
23 35 (14.83%) ASP.NET Web API
24 33 (13.98%) LESS
25 32 (13.56%) TDD
26 31 (13.14%) SQL

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (8.05%) Confluence
2 13 (5.51%) CMS
3 12 (5.08%) SharePoint
4 9 (3.81%) WebLogic
5 7 (2.97%) WordPress
6 6 (2.54%) SharePoint 2010
6 6 (2.54%) Umbraco
7 4 (1.69%) Drupal
7 4 (1.69%) IIS
7 4 (1.69%) Sitecore CMS
8 2 (0.85%) Apache
8 2 (0.85%) nginx
8 2 (0.85%) SharePoint 2013
9 1 (0.42%) JBoss
9 1 (0.42%) Tomcat
Applications
1 28 (11.86%) GIMP
1 28 (11.86%) Photoshop
2 3 (1.27%) InfoPath
3 2 (0.85%) InVision
3 2 (0.85%) Sketch
3 2 (0.85%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.42%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 5 (2.12%) Magento
2 3 (1.27%) Dynamics CRM
3 2 (0.85%) Payment Gateway
3 2 (0.85%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 45 (19.07%) Azure
2 8 (3.39%) AWS
2 8 (3.39%) Office 365
3 7 (2.97%) npm
4 5 (2.12%) PaaS
4 5 (2.12%) Power Platform
5 4 (1.69%) Serverless
6 2 (0.85%) Adobe Creative Cloud
6 2 (0.85%) Amazon EMR
6 2 (0.85%) Amazon SQS
6 2 (0.85%) AWS Lambda
6 2 (0.85%) Azure Functions
6 2 (0.85%) Google Analytics
6 2 (0.85%) PowerApps
6 2 (0.85%) SaaS
7 1 (0.42%) Dynamics 365
7 1 (0.42%) GCP
7 1 (0.42%) GitHub
7 1 (0.42%) IaaS
7 1 (0.42%) ShareGate
Communications & Networking
1 2 (0.85%) Internet
2 1 (0.42%) Broadband
2 1 (0.42%) DSL
2 1 (0.42%) Extranet
2 1 (0.42%) HTTP
2 1 (0.42%) Intranet
2 1 (0.42%) SSL
2 1 (0.42%) TCP/IP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 44 (18.64%) SQL Server
2 25 (10.59%) MySQL
3 7 (2.97%) MongoDB
4 4 (1.69%) Cosmos DB
4 4 (1.69%) NoSQL
4 4 (1.69%) Power BI
4 4 (1.69%) Relational Database
5 3 (1.27%) PostgreSQL
6 2 (0.85%) Amazon DynamoDB
6 2 (0.85%) Redis
7 1 (0.42%) Apache Cassandra
7 1 (0.42%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 78 (33.05%) Git (software)
2 27 (11.44%) webpack
3 26 (11.02%) gulp
4 23 (9.75%) JIRA
5 22 (9.32%) Grunt
6 14 (5.93%) Jasmine
7 12 (5.08%) Jenkins
7 12 (5.08%) Vagrant
8 10 (4.24%) Team Foundation Server
9 9 (3.81%) Karma Test Runner
10 5 (2.12%) Mocha
10 5 (2.12%) Visual Studio
11 4 (1.69%) MSTest
11 4 (1.69%) NUnit
11 4 (1.69%) Octopus Deploy
11 4 (1.69%) TeamCity
12 3 (1.27%) Babel
13 2 (0.85%) Android Studio
13 2 (0.85%) CA Gen
13 2 (0.85%) PostCSS
General
1 15 (6.36%) Law
2 14 (5.93%) Public Sector
3 5 (2.12%) Finance
3 5 (2.12%) Retail
4 4 (1.69%) Advertising
4 4 (1.69%) Telecoms
5 3 (1.27%) Marketing
5 3 (1.27%) Military
6 1 (0.42%) Banking
6 1 (0.42%) Mandarin Language
Job Titles
1 194 (82.20%) Developer
2 44 (18.64%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 33 (13.98%) Angular Developer
4 30 (12.71%) .NET Developer
5 20 (8.47%) UI Developer
6 19 (8.05%) Designer
7 18 (7.63%) Full Stack Developer
8 16 (6.78%) Java Developer
8 16 (6.78%) JavaScript Developer
9 15 (6.36%) Lead Developer
10 14 (5.93%) C# Developer
10 14 (5.93%) React Developer
11 12 (5.08%) HTML Developer
11 12 (5.08%) Senior Developer
11 12 (5.08%) Web Developer
12 10 (4.24%) Azure Developer
12 10 (4.24%) HTML CSS Developer
12 10 (4.24%) PHP Developer
12 10 (4.24%) UX Designer
13 9 (3.81%) C# .NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 210 (88.98%) HTML
2 89 (37.71%) AngularJS
3 84 (35.59%) HTML5
4 73 (30.93%) .NET
5 65 (27.54%) CSS3
6 57 (24.15%) Sass
7 55 (23.31%) React
8 48 (20.34%) ASP.NET
8 48 (20.34%) jQuery
9 39 (16.53%) ASP.NET MVC
9 39 (16.53%) Web Services
10 37 (15.68%) REST
11 35 (14.83%) ASP.NET Web API
12 33 (13.98%) LESS
13 28 (11.86%) Angular 2
14 26 (11.02%) Ajax
14 26 (11.02%) Dapper ORM
15 24 (10.17%) JSON
15 24 (10.17%) Node.js
16 22 (9.32%) .NET Framework
Miscellaneous
1 56 (23.73%) User Experience
2 21 (8.90%) Enterprise Software
3 18 (7.63%) Greenfield Project
4 7 (2.97%) Mobile App
5 5 (2.12%) Self-Motivation
6 3 (1.27%) Analytical Skills
6 3 (1.27%) NHS
7 2 (0.85%) N-Tier
7 2 (0.85%) Robotics
8 1 (0.42%) e-Learning
8 1 (0.42%) iPhone
8 1 (0.42%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.42%) W3C
Operating Systems
1 9 (3.81%) Unix
2 8 (3.39%) Apple iOS
3 7 (2.97%) Android
4 5 (2.12%) Linux
5 3 (1.27%) Windows
6 2 (0.85%) Mac OS X
7 1 (0.42%) Ubuntu
Processes & Methodologies
1 120 (50.85%) Agile Software Development
2 62 (26.27%) Front End Development
3 54 (22.88%) MVC
4 45 (19.07%) Scrum
5 36 (15.25%) Continuous Integration
6 32 (13.56%) TDD
7 31 (13.14%) Microservices
7 31 (13.14%) Web Development
8 29 (12.29%) BDD
9 27 (11.44%) Kanban
10 26 (11.02%) Architectural Design
11 24 (10.17%) SOLID
12 18 (7.63%) Test Automation
13 17 (7.20%) OO
13 17 (7.20%) Prototyping
14 16 (6.78%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 15 (6.36%) Digital Transformation Programme
15 15 (6.36%) Mobile First
16 13 (5.51%) Technical Leadership
16 13 (5.51%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 179 (75.85%) JavaScript
2 74 (31.36%) C#
3 46 (19.49%) Java
4 38 (16.10%) TypeScript
5 35 (14.83%) PHP
6 31 (13.14%) SQL
7 12 (5.08%) ES6
8 6 (2.54%) VB
8 6 (2.54%) VB6
9 5 (2.12%) PowerShell
10 4 (1.69%) C
10 4 (1.69%) Perl
10 4 (1.69%) Scala
11 3 (1.27%) Groovy
11 3 (1.27%) Java 8
11 3 (1.27%) PL/SQL
11 3 (1.27%) VBScript
12 2 (0.85%) Python
12 2 (0.85%) Ruby
12 2 (0.85%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 23 (9.75%) Security Cleared
2 15 (6.36%) SC Cleared
3 3 (1.27%) DV Cleared
3 3 (1.27%) MCSD
3 3 (1.27%) Microsoft Certification
4 1 (0.42%) Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 10 (4.24%) WCAG
2 4 (1.69%) QA
3 3 (1.27%) GDPR
4 1 (0.42%) COBIT
4 1 (0.42%) Data Quality
4 1 (0.42%) PMO
4 1 (0.42%) SLA
System Software
1 28 (11.86%) Docker
2 3 (1.27%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 4 (1.69%) Kibana
2 3 (1.27%) Ansible
2 3 (1.27%) Puppet
3 1 (0.42%) Grafana
3 1 (0.42%) Kubernetes
3 1 (0.42%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 24 (10.17%) Microsoft
2 13 (5.51%) Oracle
3 9 (3.81%) webMethods
4 4 (1.69%) Adobe
4 4 (1.69%) Sitecore
5 3 (1.27%) Salesforce.com
5 3 (1.27%) ServiceNow
5 3 (1.27%) Zend
6 2 (0.85%) BEA
6 2 (0.85%) Google
6 2 (0.85%) Informatica
6 2 (0.85%) Pega
7 1 (0.42%) Splunk
7 1 (0.42%) Twitter
7 1 (0.42%) Xamarin