Period
to 15 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 15 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
15 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 26 16 10
Rank change year-on-year -10 -6 +11
Contract jobs citing CSS 371 377 581
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 7.20% 7.83% 9.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.53% 32.11% 35.98%
Number of daily rates quoted 241 252 353
West Midlands median daily rate £413 £350 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +17.77% +0.07% +7.69%
10th Percentile £300 £243 £213
90th Percentile £538 £488 £488
England median daily rate £435 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +2.35% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 6
West Midlands median hourly rate £55.50 £32.22 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +72.25% +34.25% +9.09%
10th Percentile £38.63 £25.63 £22.50
90th Percentile £61.56 £38.13 £75.15
England median hourly rate £42.00 £41.25 £35.69
% change year-on-year +1.82% +15.59% +13.21%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,577 1,174 1,615
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 30.60% 24.39% 25.89%
Number of daily rates quoted 959 774 1,004
West Midlands median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £310 £263 £263
90th Percentile £575 £575 £513
England median daily rate £475 £463 £425
% change year-on-year +2.70% +8.82% +3.03%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 35 17
West Midlands median hourly rate £45.00 £30.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +47.54% +32.61% -19.83%
10th Percentile £14.00 £16.76 £10.40
90th Percentile £61.94 £41.30 £39.82
England median hourly rate £41.50 £40.00 £37.50
% change year-on-year +3.75% +6.67% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 15 November 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 15 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham +3 111 £400 +23.08% 107
Shropshire -17 82 £435 -3.84% 19
Coventry -5 70 £450 +5.88% 18
Staffordshire -3 29 £388 +19.23% 61
Warwickshire -7 27 £375 +25.00% 34
Solihull +13 14 £400 +6.67% 16
Walsall +2 2 £400 +45.45% 6
Wolverhampton -6 1 £300 -14.29% 3
Worcestershire -7 1 £200 -33.33% 20
Herefordshire -15 1 - - 8
West Bromwich - 1 £200 -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 15 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 346 (93.26%) HTML
2 308 (83.02%) JavaScript
3 208 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
4 161 (43.40%) HTML5
5 137 (36.93%) .NET
6 132 (35.58%) Git (software)
7 128 (34.50%) C#
8 124 (33.42%) TDD
9 121 (32.61%) MVC
10 117 (31.54%) jQuery
11 115 (31.00%) AngularJS
12 107 (28.84%) CSS3
13 104 (28.03%) Scrum
14 97 (26.15%) SQL
14 97 (26.15%) SQL Server
15 91 (24.53%) ASP.NET
16 88 (23.72%) Continuous Integration
17 84 (22.64%) User Experience
18 77 (20.75%) Web Services
18 77 (20.75%) Java
19 75 (20.22%) Front End Development
19 75 (20.22%) Sass
20 74 (19.95%) Microsoft Azure
21 65 (17.52%) REST
22 62 (16.71%) Test Automation
22 62 (16.71%) Microsoft
23 61 (16.44%) ASP.NET MVC
23 61 (16.44%) React
24 60 (16.17%) BDD
25 59 (15.90%) Node.js

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (5.66%) Confluence
2 19 (5.12%) Apache
3 18 (4.85%) CMS
3 18 (4.85%) Tomcat
4 16 (4.31%) nginx
5 13 (3.50%) JBoss
6 11 (2.96%) WebSphere
7 10 (2.70%) WebLogic
8 7 (1.89%) Drupal
8 7 (1.89%) SharePoint
9 3 (0.81%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.81%) Sitecore CMS
9 3 (0.81%) WordPress
10 2 (0.54%) Umbraco
11 1 (0.27%) Joomla!
Applications
1 14 (3.77%) Photoshop
2 12 (3.23%) GIMP
3 2 (0.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.27%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (2.96%) Dynamics CRM
1 11 (2.96%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (1.62%) Magento
3 3 (0.81%) SAP Hybris
4 1 (0.27%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.27%) NetSuite
4 1 (0.27%) Payment Gateway
4 1 (0.27%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 74 (19.95%) Microsoft Azure
2 35 (9.43%) GitHub
3 34 (9.16%) Google Analytics
4 12 (3.23%) Amazon AWS
5 10 (2.70%) SaaS
5 10 (2.70%) Slack
6 7 (1.89%) Office 365
7 5 (1.35%) Dynamics 365
8 2 (0.54%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (0.54%) npm
8 2 (0.54%) PaaS
9 1 (0.27%) Force.com
9 1 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
9 1 (0.27%) IaaS
9 1 (0.27%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 1 (0.27%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 19 (5.12%) HTTP
2 18 (4.85%) SSL
2 18 (4.85%) TCP/IP
3 10 (2.70%) Skype
4 4 (1.08%) Internet
4 4 (1.08%) Intranet
5 1 (0.27%) Extranet
5 1 (0.27%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (26.15%) SQL Server
2 49 (13.21%) MySQL
3 45 (12.13%) MongoDB
4 26 (7.01%) PostgreSQL
5 19 (5.12%) NoSQL
6 16 (4.31%) Relational Database
7 9 (2.43%) SQLite
8 6 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.35%) Data Warehouse
10 3 (0.81%) Oracle Database
10 3 (0.81%) Power BI
10 3 (0.81%) Redis
10 3 (0.81%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 2 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
11 2 (0.54%) Cosmos DB
11 2 (0.54%) MS Access
11 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2008
11 2 (0.54%) SQL Server 2012
11 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
Development Applications
1 132 (35.58%) Git (software)
2 58 (15.63%) gulp
3 50 (13.48%) Selenium
4 47 (12.67%) Cucumber
5 42 (11.32%) Jenkins
6 37 (9.97%) Grunt
7 34 (9.16%) IntelliJ
8 31 (8.36%) JIRA
8 31 (8.36%) Sublime Text
9 27 (7.28%) Gatling
10 24 (6.47%) Visual Studio
11 23 (6.20%) WebDriver
12 20 (5.39%) Karma Test Runner
13 19 (5.12%) Eclipse
13 19 (5.12%) Subversion
14 16 (4.31%) Bitbucket
14 16 (4.31%) Visual Studio Code
15 15 (4.04%) Ant
16 13 (3.50%) JUnit
17 12 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
General
1 9 (2.43%) Retail
2 7 (1.89%) Automotive
3 4 (1.08%) Finance
3 4 (1.08%) Law
4 2 (0.54%) Advertising
4 2 (0.54%) Aerospace
4 2 (0.54%) Back Office
4 2 (0.54%) Games
4 2 (0.54%) Marketing
5 1 (0.27%) Financial Institution
5 1 (0.27%) General Ledger
5 1 (0.27%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 324 (87.33%) Developer
2 66 (17.79%) .NET Developer
3 53 (14.29%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
4 31 (8.36%) Java Developer
5 27 (7.28%) Angular Developer
6 25 (6.74%) UI Developer
7 24 (6.47%) Scala Developer
8 22 (5.93%) Agile Developer
8 22 (5.93%) HTML Developer
8 22 (5.93%) JavaScript Developer
9 20 (5.39%) HTML CSS Developer
10 19 (5.12%) PHP Developer
10 19 (5.12%) React Developer
11 18 (4.85%) Applications Developer
12 17 (4.58%) C# Developer
12 17 (4.58%) Designer
13 16 (4.31%) Azure Developer
13 16 (4.31%) Senior Developer
13 16 (4.31%) UX Designer
13 16 (4.31%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 346 (93.26%) HTML
2 161 (43.40%) HTML5
3 137 (36.93%) .NET
4 117 (31.54%) jQuery
5 115 (31.00%) AngularJS
6 107 (28.84%) CSS3
7 91 (24.53%) ASP.NET
8 77 (20.75%) Web Services
9 75 (20.22%) Sass
10 65 (17.52%) REST
11 61 (16.44%) ASP.NET MVC
11 61 (16.44%) React
12 59 (15.90%) Node.js
13 52 (14.02%) LESS
14 50 (13.48%) ASP.NET Web API
15 48 (12.94%) .NET Framework
16 47 (12.67%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 41 (11.05%) Spring
18 40 (10.78%) RESTful
19 39 (10.51%) KnockoutJS
Miscellaneous
1 84 (22.64%) User Experience
2 38 (10.24%) Mobile App
3 25 (6.74%) Enterprise Software
4 15 (4.04%) Public Cloud
4 15 (4.04%) Self-Motivation
5 13 (3.50%) Analytical Skills
6 10 (2.70%) iPhone
7 9 (2.43%) Greenfield Project
8 5 (1.35%) W3C
9 4 (1.08%) NHS
10 2 (0.54%) Digital Media
11 1 (0.27%) Computer Science
11 1 (0.27%) Driving Licence
11 1 (0.27%) Graphic Design
11 1 (0.27%) iPad
11 1 (0.27%) New Media
11 1 (0.27%) N-Tier
11 1 (0.27%) Photography
11 1 (0.27%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 41 (11.05%) Windows
2 38 (10.24%) Linux
3 28 (7.55%) Unix
4 25 (6.74%) Android
5 24 (6.47%) Apple iOS
6 19 (5.12%) Ubuntu
7 10 (2.70%) Mac OS
8 4 (1.08%) Mac OS X
9 1 (0.27%) CentOS
9 1 (0.27%) Debian
9 1 (0.27%) VMS
9 1 (0.27%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (56.06%) Agile Software Development
2 124 (33.42%) TDD
3 121 (32.61%) MVC
4 104 (28.03%) Scrum
5 88 (23.72%) Continuous Integration
6 75 (20.22%) Front End Development
7 62 (16.71%) Test Automation
8 60 (16.17%) BDD
9 57 (15.36%) Microservices
10 48 (12.94%) Kanban
11 47 (12.67%) DevOps
12 36 (9.70%) Web Development
13 35 (9.43%) Analytics
13 35 (9.43%) SOLID
14 34 (9.16%) Prototyping
15 33 (8.89%) Responsive Web Design
16 29 (7.82%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
16 29 (7.82%) OO
17 28 (7.55%) Problem-Solving
18 26 (7.01%) Web Design
Programming Languages
1 308 (83.02%) JavaScript
2 128 (34.50%) C#
3 97 (26.15%) SQL
4 77 (20.75%) Java
5 48 (12.94%) PHP
6 41 (11.05%) Ruby
7 40 (10.78%) Scala
8 32 (8.63%) TypeScript
9 27 (7.28%) Groovy
10 25 (6.74%) Python
11 16 (4.31%) ES6
12 15 (4.04%) Haskell
12 15 (4.04%) Perl
13 14 (3.77%) Java 8
14 13 (3.50%) Apple Swift
14 13 (3.50%) Objective-C
15 10 (2.70%) Bash Shell
16 6 (1.62%) ES7
16 6 (1.62%) T-SQL
17 5 (1.35%) ES8
Qualifications
1 32 (8.63%) Security Cleared
2 30 (8.09%) SC Cleared
3 17 (4.58%) Degree
4 11 (2.96%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.54%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.85%) WCAG
2 12 (3.23%) QA
3 5 (1.35%) WAI
4 4 (1.08%) PMO
5 2 (0.54%) Disclosure Scotland
6 1 (0.27%) SLA
System Software
1 44 (11.86%) Docker
2 3 (0.81%) LXC
3 1 (0.27%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 31 (8.36%) Kibana
2 30 (8.09%) Grafana
3 21 (5.66%) Puppet
4 15 (4.04%) Graphite
5 11 (2.96%) HockeyApp
6 5 (1.35%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 3 (0.81%) Opscode Chef
8 2 (0.54%) Kubernetes
9 1 (0.27%) Capistrano
9 1 (0.27%) cPanel
9 1 (0.27%) Plesk
Vendors
1 62 (16.71%) Microsoft
2 36 (9.70%) Google
3 27 (7.28%) Oracle
4 20 (5.39%) Xamarin
5 13 (3.50%) Splunk
6 12 (3.23%) Twitter
7 11 (2.96%) Apple
7 11 (2.96%) BMC
7 11 (2.96%) IBM
7 11 (2.96%) Remedy
8 9 (2.43%) Atlassian
9 8 (2.16%) Adobe
10 6 (1.62%) webMethods
11 5 (1.35%) hybris
12 4 (1.08%) Sitecore
12 4 (1.08%) Zend
13 3 (0.81%) SAP
14 2 (0.54%) Demandware
14 2 (0.54%) Telerik
15 1 (0.27%) ServiceNow