Period
to 22 July 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 22 July 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
22 Jul 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 17 11 16
Rank change year-on-year -6 +5 +6
Contract jobs citing CSS 428 407 505
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 8.31% 9.18% 8.42%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.76% 37.27% 33.40%
Number of daily rates quoted 284 289 323
West Midlands median daily rate £386 £353 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +9.57% +8.46% +3.59%
10th Percentile £275 £250 £210
90th Percentile £500 £500 £475
England median daily rate £425 £400 £400
% change year-on-year +6.25% - +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 8 9
West Midlands median hourly rate £38.50 £32.50 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +18.46% +47.73% -23.32%
10th Percentile £30.95 £24.40 £9.00
90th Percentile £46.85 £40.63 £39.60
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £31.00
% change year-on-year +6.25% +29.03% -4.73%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,542 1,092 1,512
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 29.94% 24.62% 25.21%
Number of daily rates quoted 968 748 942
West Midlands median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +5.86%
10th Percentile £281 £263 £250
90th Percentile £550 £550 £513
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 21 18
West Midlands median hourly rate £27.75 £27.50 £24.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +0.91% +12.24% -14.60%
10th Percentile £11.63 £21.00 £16.75
90th Percentile £48.75 £40.25 £39.50
England median hourly rate £41.69 £40.75 £37.50
% change year-on-year +2.30% +8.67% +3.45%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 22 July 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 22 July 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham 0 158 £370 +2.78% 78
Coventry -8 77 £475 +16.92% 15
Shropshire -9 52 £425 -6.55% 18
Staffordshire +6 34 £325 -2.99% 36
Warwickshire -6 34 £300 - 28
Solihull -3 20 £393 +12.14% 12
Herefordshire 0 10 £375 +31.58%
Worcestershire -4 6 £338 +22.73% 12
Wolverhampton -5 6 £340 -2.86% 6
Walsall +1 3 - - 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 22 July 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 416 (97.20%) HTML
2 316 (73.83%) JavaScript
3 213 (49.77%) Agile Software Development
4 166 (38.79%) HTML5
5 162 (37.85%) .NET
6 140 (32.71%) C#
7 133 (31.07%) jQuery
7 133 (31.07%) AngularJS
8 124 (28.97%) CSS3
9 123 (28.74%) TDD
10 119 (27.80%) MVC
11 118 (27.57%) User Experience
12 114 (26.64%) Git (software)
13 111 (25.93%) SQL Server
14 107 (25.00%) Front End Development
15 98 (22.90%) ASP.NET
16 83 (19.39%) SQL
17 81 (18.93%) Web Services
18 79 (18.46%) Scrum
19 75 (17.52%) BDD
20 74 (17.29%) Java
21 73 (17.06%) Sass
21 73 (17.06%) React
22 70 (16.36%) Microsoft Azure
23 69 (16.12%) Microsoft
24 65 (15.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
25 64 (14.95%) ASP.NET Web API
25 64 (14.95%) ASP.NET MVC
26 61 (14.25%) Continuous Integration
26 61 (14.25%) .NET Framework

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 13 (3.04%) CMS
1 13 (3.04%) WebSphere
2 10 (2.34%) Confluence
3 8 (1.87%) Apache
3 8 (1.87%) SharePoint
4 7 (1.64%) IIS
5 4 (0.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
5 4 (0.93%) Drupal
5 4 (0.93%) Tomcat
6 3 (0.70%) JBoss
6 3 (0.70%) nginx
6 3 (0.70%) NServiceBus
6 3 (0.70%) WebLogic
6 3 (0.70%) WordPress
7 1 (0.23%) Apache Spark
7 1 (0.23%) Elasticsearch
7 1 (0.23%) SharePoint Server
7 1 (0.23%) Umbraco
Applications
1 23 (5.37%) Photoshop
2 21 (4.91%) GIMP
3 3 (0.70%) Microsoft Office
4 2 (0.47%) Microsoft Excel
5 1 (0.23%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 11 (2.57%) Remedy ITSM
2 5 (1.17%) Dynamics CRM
2 5 (1.17%) Magento
3 3 (0.70%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.23%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 70 (16.36%) Microsoft Azure
2 12 (2.80%) Amazon AWS
3 9 (2.10%) npm
4 8 (1.87%) GitHub
4 8 (1.87%) PaaS
5 7 (1.64%) IaaS
5 7 (1.64%) SaaS
6 6 (1.40%) Dynamics 365
6 6 (1.40%) Office 365
7 4 (0.93%) Google Analytics
7 4 (0.93%) Google Cloud Platform
8 3 (0.70%) Yarn
9 1 (0.23%) AWS Lambda
9 1 (0.23%) Force.com
9 1 (0.23%) Heroku
9 1 (0.23%) Salesforce Service Cloud
9 1 (0.23%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.04%) Internet
2 11 (2.57%) HTTP
3 5 (1.17%) SMS
3 5 (1.17%) SSL
3 5 (1.17%) TCP/IP
4 4 (0.93%) Intranet
5 2 (0.47%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 111 (25.93%) SQL Server
2 53 (12.38%) MySQL
3 29 (6.78%) MongoDB
4 27 (6.31%) PostgreSQL
5 20 (4.67%) NoSQL
6 16 (3.74%) Relational Database
7 10 (2.34%) Apache Cassandra
7 10 (2.34%) SQL Server 2008
8 8 (1.87%) SQL Server Reporting Services
9 7 (1.64%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (1.64%) Oracle Database
9 7 (1.64%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 5 (1.17%) Redis
10 5 (1.17%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 4 (0.93%) MS Access
11 4 (0.93%) SQL Server 2012
12 3 (0.70%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
12 3 (0.70%) Cloud Spanner
12 3 (0.70%) Power BI
13 2 (0.47%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 114 (26.64%) Git (software)
2 28 (6.54%) gulp
3 23 (5.37%) Grunt
4 19 (4.44%) Selenium
5 18 (4.21%) Subversion
6 17 (3.97%) Visual Studio
7 14 (3.27%) JIRA
8 13 (3.04%) Jasmine
9 11 (2.57%) Jenkins
9 11 (2.57%) SpecFlow
9 11 (2.57%) Visual Studio Team System
10 10 (2.34%) Karma Test Runner
11 7 (1.64%) Axure RP
11 7 (1.64%) Cucumber
11 7 (1.64%) Team Foundation Server
12 6 (1.40%) Bitbucket
13 5 (1.17%) JUnit
13 5 (1.17%) Mercurial
13 5 (1.17%) webpack
13 5 (1.17%) WiX
General
1 17 (3.97%) Finance
2 7 (1.64%) Marketing
2 7 (1.64%) Retail
3 6 (1.40%) Automotive
3 6 (1.40%) Back Office
4 5 (1.17%) Manufacturing
5 3 (0.70%) Banking
5 3 (0.70%) Games
5 3 (0.70%) General Ledger
5 3 (0.70%) Law
6 2 (0.47%) Aerospace
7 1 (0.23%) Advertising
7 1 (0.23%) Persian Language
7 1 (0.23%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 358 (83.64%) Developer
2 85 (19.86%) .NET Developer
2 85 (19.86%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 49 (11.45%) JavaScript Developer
4 45 (10.51%) UI Developer
5 42 (9.81%) C# Developer
6 38 (8.88%) HTML Developer
7 37 (8.64%) C# .NET Developer
8 35 (8.18%) Angular Developer
9 33 (7.71%) HTML CSS Developer
10 31 (7.24%) Designer
11 30 (7.01%) UX Designer
12 28 (6.54%) Java Developer
12 28 (6.54%) PHP Developer
13 21 (4.91%) Azure Developer
14 20 (4.67%) Full Stack Developer
15 18 (4.21%) ASP.NET Developer
15 18 (4.21%) React Developer
16 17 (3.97%) Microsoft Developer
17 16 (3.74%) Web Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 416 (97.20%) HTML
2 166 (38.79%) HTML5
3 162 (37.85%) .NET
4 133 (31.07%) AngularJS
4 133 (31.07%) jQuery
5 124 (28.97%) CSS3
6 98 (22.90%) ASP.NET
7 81 (18.93%) Web Services
8 73 (17.06%) React
8 73 (17.06%) Sass
9 65 (15.19%) Twitter Bootstrap
10 64 (14.95%) ASP.NET MVC
10 64 (14.95%) ASP.NET Web API
11 61 (14.25%) .NET Framework
12 56 (13.08%) Ajax
13 54 (12.62%) KnockoutJS
14 47 (10.98%) LESS
15 41 (9.58%) Dapper ORM
16 39 (9.11%) RESTful
17 38 (8.88%) Angular 2
Miscellaneous
1 118 (27.57%) User Experience
2 48 (11.21%) Mobile App
3 36 (8.41%) Enterprise Software
4 20 (4.67%) Greenfield Project
5 18 (4.21%) Self-Motivation
6 16 (3.74%) Analytical Skills
7 8 (1.87%) Digital Media
8 5 (1.17%) Public Cloud
8 5 (1.17%) W3C
9 4 (0.93%) Computer Science
10 3 (0.70%) Data Protection Act
10 3 (0.70%) NHS
11 2 (0.47%) Animation
11 2 (0.47%) Vector Graphics
12 1 (0.23%) Client/Server
12 1 (0.23%) Data Centre
12 1 (0.23%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.23%) Smartphone
12 1 (0.23%) Taxonomies
12 1 (0.23%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 37 (8.64%) Windows
2 22 (5.14%) Linux
2 22 (5.14%) Unix
3 14 (3.27%) Android
4 13 (3.04%) Apple iOS
5 5 (1.17%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.70%) Ubuntu
6 3 (0.70%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.23%) CentOS
7 1 (0.23%) VMS
7 1 (0.23%) Windows Server 2003
Processes & Methodologies
1 213 (49.77%) Agile Software Development
2 123 (28.74%) TDD
3 119 (27.80%) MVC
4 107 (25.00%) Front End Development
5 79 (18.46%) Scrum
6 75 (17.52%) BDD
7 61 (14.25%) Continuous Integration
8 53 (12.38%) Web Development
9 52 (12.15%) Kanban
10 36 (8.41%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
11 34 (7.94%) Prototyping
11 34 (7.94%) Wireframes
12 32 (7.48%) Microservices
13 30 (7.01%) Responsive Web Design
14 29 (6.78%) Problem-Solving
15 27 (6.31%) Test Automation
16 25 (5.84%) E-Commerce
16 25 (5.84%) SOLID
17 22 (5.14%) DevOps
18 20 (4.67%) Mentoring
Programming Languages
1 316 (73.83%) JavaScript
2 140 (32.71%) C#
3 83 (19.39%) SQL
4 74 (17.29%) Java
5 45 (10.51%) TypeScript
6 42 (9.81%) PHP
7 21 (4.91%) Scala
8 18 (4.21%) Python
9 15 (3.50%) Ruby
10 14 (3.27%) Java 8
11 13 (3.04%) ES6
12 10 (2.34%) VB.NET
13 7 (1.64%) XAML
14 6 (1.40%) PowerShell
14 6 (1.40%) T-SQL
14 6 (1.40%) VBA
15 5 (1.17%) ES7
15 5 (1.17%) Go
16 4 (0.93%) ES8
16 4 (0.93%) PureScript
Qualifications
1 29 (6.78%) Security Cleared
2 24 (5.61%) SC Cleared
3 23 (5.37%) Degree
4 11 (2.57%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.23%) BC Cleared
5 1 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
5 1 (0.23%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.23%) MCSD
5 1 (0.23%) Microsoft Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 15 (3.50%) WCAG
2 12 (2.80%) QA
3 9 (2.10%) WAI
4 4 (0.93%) GDPR
5 3 (0.70%) PMO
6 2 (0.47%) SLA
7 1 (0.23%) GCP
System Software
1 32 (7.48%) Docker
2 6 (1.40%) LXC
3 5 (1.17%) Hyper-V
3 5 (1.17%) Microsoft App-V
3 5 (1.17%) VMware ESXi
4 2 (0.47%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 11 (2.57%) Puppet
2 6 (1.40%) Opscode Chef
3 5 (1.17%) SCCM
3 5 (1.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
3 5 (1.17%) vCenter Server
4 3 (0.70%) Grafana
4 3 (0.70%) Kibana
5 2 (0.47%) Capistrano
6 1 (0.23%) Business Desktop Deployment
6 1 (0.23%) Kubernetes
Vendors
1 69 (16.12%) Microsoft
2 13 (3.04%) IBM
3 11 (2.57%) BMC
3 11 (2.57%) Oracle
3 11 (2.57%) Remedy
3 11 (2.57%) Xamarin
4 8 (1.87%) Google
5 5 (1.17%) VMware
6 4 (0.93%) Adobe
7 3 (0.70%) Capita
7 3 (0.70%) webMethods
7 3 (0.70%) Zend
8 2 (0.47%) Apple
8 2 (0.47%) Perforce
8 2 (0.47%) Telerik
9 1 (0.23%) Salesforce.com
9 1 (0.23%) ServiceNow
9 1 (0.23%) Sitecore
9 1 (0.23%) Tableau
9 1 (0.23%) Twitter