The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 28 June 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England / West Midlands
3 months to
28 Jun 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 9 13 17
Rank change year-on-year +4 +4  
Contract jobs citing CSS 204 275 175
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 9.82% 9.15% 7.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 39.92% 35.53% 32.11%
Number of daily rates quoted 130 178 100
Median daily rate £350 £325 £290
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +7.69% +12.06%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £200 £216
10% offered a daily rate of more than £488 £425 £375
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £325
% change year-on-year +7.14% +7.69%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 4 6
Median hourly rate £31.00 £24.00 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.16% +1.05%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £26.00 £22.60 £22.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £38.30 £32.75 £33.03
UK excluding London median hourly rate £38.50 £27.50 £36.00
% change year-on-year +40.00% -23.61%  

CSS is in the industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills category. The next table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills.

Contract Software Library & Framework Skills
West Midlands
Contract job vacancies with a requirement for industry standards, technical specifications and software library and framework skills 511 774 545
As % of all contract IT job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands 24.59% 25.75% 23.42%
Number of daily rates quoted 339 499 341
Median daily rate £375 £375 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +15.38%  
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £240 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £488 £425
UK excluding London median daily rate £400 £375 £350
% change year-on-year +6.66% +7.14%  
Number of hourly rates quoted 10 12 11
Median hourly rate £31.00 £24.00 £23.75
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +29.16% +1.05%  
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £25.00 £22.00 £22.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £38.50 £37.50 £39.55
UK excluding London median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +18.05% -10.00%  

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

The job posting trend of jobs advertised in the West Midlands citing CSS as a proportion of all contract or permanent IT jobs with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 3 months to 28 June 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 3 months to 28 June 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -5 65 £343 +5.38% 32
Coventry +6 23 £358 -7.74% 13
Shropshire +12 20 £488 +26.00% 7
Warwickshire -5 20 £200 -39.39% 22
Staffordshire +6 17 £335 +11.66% 15
Herefordshire - 6 £306 -
Solihull +2 5 £358 +30.00% 10
Wolverhampton -6 3 £350 +16.66% 1
Walsall -3 1 £275 -49.54%
Wednesbury - 1 - -
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 28 June 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 385 (92.33%) HTML
2 275 (65.95%) JavaScript
3 214 (51.32%) Agile Software Development
4 155 (37.17%) HTML5
5 136 (32.61%) .NET
6 133 (31.89%) AngularJS
7 123 (29.50%) C#
8 110 (26.38%) CSS3
9 109 (26.14%) MVC
10 106 (25.42%) jQuery
11 82 (19.66%) Front End Development
12 81 (19.42%) SQL Server
13 80 (19.18%) ASP.NET
14 77 (18.47%) Java
15 75 (17.99%) TDD
16 73 (17.51%) User Experience
17 72 (17.27%) SQL
18 71 (17.03%) MySQL
19 68 (16.31%) Web Development
19 68 (16.31%) Git (software)
20 67 (16.07%) PHP
21 62 (14.87%) Microsoft
22 52 (12.47%) MongoDB
22 52 (12.47%) Twitter Bootstrap
23 50 (11.99%) JSON
24 46 (11.03%) Scala
25 44 (10.55%) Microservices
25 44 (10.55%) Web Services
26 43 (10.31%) Linux
26 43 (10.31%) Node.js

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 21 (5.04%) SharePoint
2 13 (3.12%) Apache
3 11 (2.64%) CMS
3 11 (2.64%) Drupal
4 10 (2.40%) JBoss
4 10 (2.40%) WebLogic
5 8 (1.92%) DNN
6 7 (1.68%) Confluence
6 7 (1.68%) WordPress
7 6 (1.44%) Elasticsearch
7 6 (1.44%) nginx
7 6 (1.44%) Tomcat
8 5 (1.20%) SharePoint 2010
9 3 (0.72%) SharePoint 2013
9 3 (0.72%) ThingWorx
10 2 (0.48%) BizTalk Server
10 2 (0.48%) ColdFusion
10 2 (0.48%) WebSphere
11 1 (0.24%) Oracle 10gAS
11 1 (0.24%) Oracle Application Server
Applications
1 6 (1.44%) Microsoft Excel
1 6 (1.44%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.72%) Adobe Illustrator
3 2 (0.48%) Adobe After Effects
3 2 (0.48%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.24%) Fireworks
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.24%) Microsoft PowerPoint
4 1 (0.24%) Spreadsheet
4 1 (0.24%) UXPin
Business Applications
1 17 (4.08%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (1.92%) Magento
3 4 (0.96%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle Applications
4 1 (0.24%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.24%) SAP SD
Cloud Services
1 27 (6.47%) Microsoft Azure
2 19 (4.56%) Amazon AWS
3 11 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
4 7 (1.68%) Office 365
5 6 (1.44%) GitHub
5 6 (1.44%) Google Analytics
6 5 (1.20%) Dynamics 365
6 5 (1.20%) PaaS
6 5 (1.20%) SaaS
7 3 (0.72%) Slack
7 3 (0.72%) Trello
8 2 (0.48%) AdWords
8 2 (0.48%) IaaS
9 1 (0.24%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
9 1 (0.24%) Bluemix
9 1 (0.24%) Google App Engine
9 1 (0.24%) Heroku
9 1 (0.24%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 21 (5.04%) Internet
2 16 (3.84%) HTTP
3 7 (1.68%) Intranet
3 7 (1.68%) SSL
3 7 (1.68%) TCP/IP
4 5 (1.20%) Firewall
4 5 (1.20%) LDAP
5 3 (0.72%) Cisco Nexus
5 3 (0.72%) DNS
5 3 (0.72%) DWDM
5 3 (0.72%) VoIP
6 2 (0.48%) Skype
Database & Business Intelligence
1 81 (19.42%) SQL Server
2 71 (17.03%) MySQL
3 52 (12.47%) MongoDB
4 33 (7.91%) NoSQL
5 19 (4.56%) PostgreSQL
6 18 (4.32%) SQL Server 2012
7 17 (4.08%) SQL Server 2008
8 13 (3.12%) Relational Database
9 11 (2.64%) Apache Cassandra
10 7 (1.68%) SQL Server 2005
11 5 (1.20%) SQL Server 2000
11 5 (1.20%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 4 (0.96%) Power BI
13 3 (0.72%) DB2
13 3 (0.72%) RDBMS
13 3 (0.72%) Redis
13 3 (0.72%) SSDT
14 2 (0.48%) DocumentDB
14 2 (0.48%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 1 (0.24%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 68 (16.31%) Git (software)
2 31 (7.43%) Visual Studio
3 24 (5.76%) IntelliJ
4 22 (5.28%) gulp
5 20 (4.80%) Visual Studio Team System
6 17 (4.08%) Subversion
7 16 (3.84%) JIRA
8 15 (3.60%) JUnit
8 15 (3.60%) Selenium
9 14 (3.36%) Grunt
10 11 (2.64%) Jenkins
10 11 (2.64%) Team Foundation Server
11 10 (2.40%) Mocha
11 10 (2.40%) PHPUnit
12 9 (2.16%) Eclipse
13 7 (1.68%) Jasmine
13 7 (1.68%) Vagrant
14 6 (1.44%) SpecFlow
15 5 (1.20%) JSHint
15 5 (1.20%) webpack
General
1 19 (4.56%) Marketing
2 17 (4.08%) Finance
3 14 (3.36%) Retail
4 11 (2.64%) Manufacturing
5 8 (1.92%) Automotive
6 2 (0.48%) Banking
6 2 (0.48%) Games
6 2 (0.48%) Local Government
7 1 (0.24%) Advertising
7 1 (0.24%) Billing
7 1 (0.24%) Electronics
7 1 (0.24%) Legal
7 1 (0.24%) Pharmaceutical
7 1 (0.24%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 349 (83.69%) Developer
2 63 (15.11%) .NET Developer
3 52 (12.47%) JavaScript Developer
4 49 (11.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
5 48 (11.51%) PHP Developer
6 39 (9.35%) HTML Developer
7 37 (8.87%) HTML CSS Developer
8 36 (8.63%) Angular Developer
9 35 (8.39%) C# Developer
10 32 (7.67%) Web Developer
11 30 (7.19%) Full Stack Developer
11 30 (7.19%) Java Developer
12 29 (6.95%) Designer
13 27 (6.47%) Scala Developer
14 26 (6.24%) ASP.NET Developer
15 23 (5.52%) Senior Developer
16 21 (5.04%) C# .NET Developer
17 18 (4.32%) Software Developer
18 17 (4.08%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 17 (4.08%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 385 (92.33%) HTML
2 155 (37.17%) HTML5
3 136 (32.61%) .NET
4 133 (31.89%) AngularJS
5 110 (26.38%) CSS3
6 106 (25.42%) jQuery
7 80 (19.18%) ASP.NET
8 52 (12.47%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 50 (11.99%) JSON
10 44 (10.55%) Web Services
11 43 (10.31%) Node.js
12 41 (9.83%) Sass
13 39 (9.35%) Angular 2
13 39 (9.35%) ASP.NET Web API
13 39 (9.35%) Play Framework
13 39 (9.35%) React
13 39 (9.35%) REST
14 37 (8.87%) Ajax
15 34 (8.15%) XML
16 33 (7.91%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 73 (17.51%) User Experience
2 35 (8.39%) Mobile App
3 12 (2.88%) Greenfield Project
4 6 (1.44%) Analytical Skills
5 5 (1.20%) Linux Command Line
6 3 (0.72%) CMDB
6 3 (0.72%) Graphic Design
6 3 (0.72%) SCADA
7 2 (0.48%) Computer Science
7 2 (0.48%) Data Centre
7 2 (0.48%) Internet of Things
7 2 (0.48%) Management Information System
8 1 (0.24%) Client/Server
8 1 (0.24%) RIA
8 1 (0.24%) Video Conferencing
8 1 (0.24%) Virtual Team
8 1 (0.24%) W3C
8 1 (0.24%) Web 2.0
Operating Systems
1 43 (10.31%) Linux
2 17 (4.08%) Windows
3 16 (3.84%) Unix
4 9 (2.16%) Android
4 9 (2.16%) Apple iOS
5 4 (0.96%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.48%) Windows Server
7 1 (0.24%) HPUX
7 1 (0.24%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.24%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.24%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 214 (51.32%) Agile Software Development
2 109 (26.14%) MVC
3 82 (19.66%) Front End Development
4 75 (17.99%) TDD
5 68 (16.31%) Web Development
6 44 (10.55%) Microservices
7 38 (9.11%) BDD
7 38 (9.11%) Scrum
7 38 (9.11%) Test Automation
8 37 (8.87%) Open Source
9 36 (8.63%) OO
10 32 (7.67%) Responsive Web Design
11 27 (6.47%) E-Commerce
11 27 (6.47%) Prototyping
12 26 (6.24%) Continuous Integration
12 26 (6.24%) Migration
13 25 (6.00%) Mentoring
13 25 (6.00%) Rapid Prototyping
14 21 (5.04%) OO PHP
14 21 (5.04%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 275 (65.95%) JavaScript
2 123 (29.50%) C#
3 77 (18.47%) Java
4 72 (17.27%) SQL
5 67 (16.07%) PHP
6 46 (11.03%) Scala
7 24 (5.76%) Ruby
8 21 (5.04%) Python
9 16 (3.84%) T-SQL
10 14 (3.36%) TypeScript
11 11 (2.64%) VB.NET
12 8 (1.92%) ES6
13 7 (1.68%) PowerShell
14 6 (1.44%) PHP 5
15 5 (1.20%) Bash Shell
15 5 (1.20%) ECMAScript
16 4 (0.96%) PHP 4
16 4 (0.96%) VBA
17 3 (0.72%) VB
17 3 (0.72%) XAML
Qualifications
1 30 (7.19%) Degree
2 13 (3.12%) Security Cleared
3 9 (2.16%) SC Cleared
4 3 (0.72%) DV Cleared
4 3 (0.72%) ISEB
4 3 (0.72%) ISTQB
5 2 (0.48%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.48%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.24%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.24%) MCPD
6 1 (0.24%) MCSD
6 1 (0.24%) Sun Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (2.16%) QA
2 3 (0.72%) WAI
3 1 (0.24%) SLA
3 1 (0.24%) Solvency II
3 1 (0.24%) WCAG
System Software
1 41 (9.83%) Docker
2 2 (0.48%) Virtual Servers
3 1 (0.24%) Hyper-V
3 1 (0.24%) VMware Infrastructure
Systems Management
1 26 (6.24%) Puppet
2 7 (1.68%) Ansible
3 3 (0.72%) HP Quality Center
4 1 (0.24%) Grafana
4 1 (0.24%) Kibana
4 1 (0.24%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 62 (14.87%) Microsoft
2 28 (6.71%) Google
3 10 (2.40%) Adobe
4 9 (2.16%) ServiceNow
4 9 (2.16%) webMethods
5 8 (1.92%) Xamarin
6 7 (1.68%) Zend
7 5 (1.20%) IBM
8 4 (0.96%) Oracle
9 3 (0.72%) CheckPoint
9 3 (0.72%) Cisco
9 3 (0.72%) Demandware
9 3 (0.72%) hybris
9 3 (0.72%) McAfee
9 3 (0.72%) Remedy
9 3 (0.72%) Telerik
10 2 (0.48%) Apple
10 2 (0.48%) SAP
11 1 (0.24%) Informatica
11 1 (0.24%) Sun
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