Period
to 19 February 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 19 February 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
19 Feb 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 30 28 16
Rank change year-on-year -2 -12 -6
Contract jobs citing CSS 185 348 381
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 5.87% 6.92% 8.02%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.39% 23.77% 29.49%
Number of daily rates quoted 126 231 266
West Midlands median daily rate £403 £400 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.63% +14.29% -10.26%
10th Percentile £263 £306 £216
90th Percentile £528 £538 £523
England median daily rate £450 £450 £425
% change year-on-year - +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 2 5 0
West Midlands median hourly rate £35.00 £56.00 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -37.50% - -
England median hourly rate £35.90 £41.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -12.44% -8.89% +25.55%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 791 1,464 1,292
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 25.12% 29.13% 27.19%
Number of daily rates quoted 515 873 839
West Midlands median daily rate £450 £425 £400
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +1.20%
10th Percentile £313 £313 £254
90th Percentile £575 £575 £563
England median daily rate £500 £500 £475
% change year-on-year - +5.26% +9.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 14 35
West Midlands median hourly rate £35.00 £45.00 £30.34
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -22.22% +48.34% +21.34%
England median hourly rate £42.25 £41.85 £40.00
% change year-on-year +0.97% +4.61% -

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 19 February 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 19 February 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -8 82 £450 +12.50% 48
Shropshire +20 34 £390 -8.24% 14
Coventry -15 28 £406 -4.41% 13
Warwickshire +7 14 £425 +30.77% 10
Worcestershire +15 7 £281 - 22
Solihull +1 5 £421 +5.31% 9
Herefordshire +2 2 £288 -50.00% 1
Staffordshire 0 2 £450 +14.29% 35
Wolverhampton +4 1 £413 -2.94% 5
Sutton Coldfield - 1 £400 - 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 19 February 2020, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 174 (94.05%) HTML
2 110 (59.46%) JavaScript
3 81 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
4 62 (33.51%) HTML5
5 53 (28.65%) Front End Development
6 47 (25.41%) AngularJS
6 47 (25.41%) Git (software)
7 46 (24.86%) User Experience
8 42 (22.70%) REST
9 40 (21.62%) Azure
10 39 (21.08%) CSS3
10 39 (21.08%) Java
11 37 (20.00%) C#
12 35 (18.92%) React
13 33 (17.84%) .NET
13 33 (17.84%) SQL Server
14 32 (17.30%) jQuery
15 31 (16.76%) Microsoft
15 31 (16.76%) MVC
15 31 (16.76%) Sass
16 29 (15.68%) Node.js
17 27 (14.59%) Web Services
17 27 (14.59%) Microservices
18 26 (14.05%) SQL
18 26 (14.05%) Continuous Integration
19 25 (13.51%) JSON
19 25 (13.51%) Test Automation
19 25 (13.51%) XML
20 24 (12.97%) TDD
20 24 (12.97%) DevOps

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (9.73%) Confluence
2 11 (5.95%) SharePoint
3 9 (4.86%) CMS
3 9 (4.86%) WebLogic
4 6 (3.24%) Umbraco
5 4 (2.16%) Apache
6 3 (1.62%) JBoss
6 3 (1.62%) nginx
6 3 (1.62%) SharePoint 2010
6 3 (1.62%) Tomcat
6 3 (1.62%) WordPress
7 1 (0.54%) Drupal
7 1 (0.54%) IIS
7 1 (0.54%) Sitecore CMS
Applications
1 12 (6.49%) GIMP
1 12 (6.49%) Photoshop
2 4 (2.16%) Microsoft Excel
3 2 (1.08%) InfoPath
3 2 (1.08%) InVision
3 2 (1.08%) Sketch
3 2 (1.08%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (1.08%) Zeplin
4 1 (0.54%) Adobe Creative Suite
Business Applications
1 2 (1.08%) Magento
2 1 (0.54%) NetSuite
2 1 (0.54%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 40 (21.62%) Azure
2 20 (10.81%) SaaS
3 8 (4.32%) Power Platform
4 7 (3.78%) Azure Stack
4 7 (3.78%) BrowserStack
5 6 (3.24%) PowerApps
6 5 (2.70%) Office 365
7 4 (2.16%) GCP
7 4 (2.16%) GitHub
7 4 (2.16%) Google Analytics
8 3 (1.62%) AWS
8 3 (1.62%) Azure Active Directory
8 3 (1.62%) ShareGate
9 2 (1.08%) Adobe Creative Cloud
9 2 (1.08%) Azure Functions
9 2 (1.08%) npm
9 2 (1.08%) Serverless
10 1 (0.54%) OpenShift
10 1 (0.54%) PaaS
Communications & Networking
1 7 (3.78%) DSL
2 5 (2.70%) HTTP
3 4 (2.16%) HTTPS
3 4 (2.16%) SSL
3 4 (2.16%) TCP/IP
4 1 (0.54%) Broadband
4 1 (0.54%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 33 (17.84%) SQL Server
2 16 (8.65%) MySQL
3 12 (6.49%) MongoDB
4 9 (4.86%) NoSQL
5 6 (3.24%) Relational Database
6 5 (2.70%) PostgreSQL
7 4 (2.16%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 3 (1.62%) Redis
9 2 (1.08%) Microsoft Analysis Services
9 2 (1.08%) Power BI
9 2 (1.08%) SQL Server 2012
9 2 (1.08%) SQL Server Analysis Services
10 1 (0.54%) Azure SQL Database
10 1 (0.54%) Cloud Spanner
10 1 (0.54%) Cosmos DB
10 1 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
10 1 (0.54%) Neo4j
Development Applications
1 47 (25.41%) Git (software)
2 19 (10.27%) webpack
3 18 (9.73%) JIRA
4 16 (8.65%) gulp
5 13 (7.03%) Grunt
6 12 (6.49%) Jenkins
6 12 (6.49%) Travis CI
7 10 (5.41%) Selenium
7 10 (5.41%) Vagrant
8 9 (4.86%) Cucumber
8 9 (4.86%) Gatling
9 6 (3.24%) JUnit
9 6 (3.24%) WebDriver
10 5 (2.70%) IntelliJ
11 4 (2.16%) Ant
12 3 (1.62%) Babel
12 3 (1.62%) Eclipse
12 3 (1.62%) Jasmine
12 3 (1.62%) Karma Test Runner
12 3 (1.62%) Visual Studio
General
1 19 (10.27%) Public Sector
2 9 (4.86%) Law
3 8 (4.32%) Finance
4 6 (3.24%) Retail
5 4 (2.16%) Marketing
5 4 (2.16%) Telecoms
6 2 (1.08%) Automotive
6 2 (1.08%) Manufacturing
7 1 (0.54%) Advertising
7 1 (0.54%) Military
Job Titles
1 128 (69.19%) Developer
2 33 (17.84%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 21 (11.35%) Designer
4 18 (9.73%) Senior Developer
5 16 (8.65%) JavaScript Developer
6 15 (8.11%) Azure Developer
6 15 (8.11%) UI Developer
7 13 (7.03%) .NET Developer
7 13 (7.03%) UX Designer
8 12 (6.49%) Angular Developer
9 11 (5.95%) Java Developer
10 10 (5.41%) HTML Developer
11 9 (4.86%) Node.js Developer
12 8 (4.32%) Software Developer
13 7 (3.78%) Full Stack Developer
14 6 (3.24%) Digital Designer
14 6 (3.24%) HTML CSS Developer
14 6 (3.24%) Interaction Designer
14 6 (3.24%) PHP Developer
14 6 (3.24%) Support Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 174 (94.05%) HTML
2 62 (33.51%) HTML5
3 47 (25.41%) AngularJS
4 42 (22.70%) REST
5 39 (21.08%) CSS3
6 35 (18.92%) React
7 33 (17.84%) .NET
8 32 (17.30%) jQuery
9 31 (16.76%) Sass
10 29 (15.68%) Node.js
11 27 (14.59%) Web Services
12 25 (13.51%) JSON
12 25 (13.51%) XML
13 23 (12.43%) ASP.NET
14 21 (11.35%) Spring
15 19 (10.27%) ASP.NET MVC
16 15 (8.11%) LESS
16 15 (8.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
17 14 (7.57%) Angular 2
18 13 (7.03%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 46 (24.86%) User Experience
2 12 (6.49%) Enterprise Software
3 11 (5.95%) Mobile App
4 9 (4.86%) Robotics
5 3 (1.62%) NHS
5 3 (1.62%) PKI
5 3 (1.62%) Reinsurance
5 3 (1.62%) Self-Motivation
6 2 (1.08%) Analytical Skills
6 2 (1.08%) Greenfield Project
6 2 (1.08%) Public Cloud
7 1 (0.54%) Cloud Native
7 1 (0.54%) iPhone
7 1 (0.54%) N-Tier
7 1 (0.54%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 15 (8.11%) Unix
2 9 (4.86%) Windows
3 8 (4.32%) Linux
4 3 (1.62%) Apple iOS
4 3 (1.62%) Ubuntu
5 2 (1.08%) Android
5 2 (1.08%) Mac OS X
5 2 (1.08%) Windows Server
Processes & Methodologies
1 81 (43.78%) Agile Software Development
2 53 (28.65%) Front End Development
3 31 (16.76%) MVC
4 27 (14.59%) Microservices
5 26 (14.05%) Continuous Integration
6 25 (13.51%) Test Automation
7 24 (12.97%) DevOps
7 24 (12.97%) TDD
8 20 (10.81%) Prototyping
9 19 (10.27%) Web Development
10 18 (9.73%) BDD
11 17 (9.19%) Scrum
12 14 (7.57%) OO
13 12 (6.49%) Kanban
13 12 (6.49%) Rapid Prototyping
14 11 (5.95%) Wireframes
15 10 (5.41%) Configuration Management
15 10 (5.41%) SOLID
16 9 (4.86%) E-Commerce
16 9 (4.86%) Process Improvement
Programming Languages
1 110 (59.46%) JavaScript
2 39 (21.08%) Java
3 37 (20.00%) C#
4 26 (14.05%) SQL
5 16 (8.65%) PHP
5 16 (8.65%) TypeScript
6 13 (7.03%) Scala
7 11 (5.95%) Groovy
8 9 (4.86%) ES6
9 6 (3.24%) Bash Shell
9 6 (3.24%) Python
9 6 (3.24%) VB
9 6 (3.24%) VB6
10 5 (2.70%) Java 8
10 5 (2.70%) PowerShell
10 5 (2.70%) Ruby
11 4 (2.16%) Perl
11 4 (2.16%) T-SQL
12 3 (1.62%) Haskell
13 2 (1.08%) R
Qualifications
1 21 (11.35%) Security Cleared
2 16 (8.65%) SC Cleared
3 4 (2.16%) Degree
4 2 (1.08%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.54%) Computer Science Degree
5 1 (0.54%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.54%) MCPD
5 1 (0.54%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 5 (2.70%) QA
2 3 (1.62%) Data Quality
3 1 (0.54%) COBIT
3 1 (0.54%) GDPR
3 1 (0.54%) PMO
3 1 (0.54%) WCAG
System Software
1 18 (9.73%) Docker
2 4 (2.16%) Active Directory
3 2 (1.08%) Virtual Machines
Systems Management
1 6 (3.24%) Puppet
2 4 (2.16%) Kibana
2 4 (2.16%) Kubernetes
3 3 (1.62%) Grafana
4 1 (0.54%) Opscode Chef
Vendors
1 31 (16.76%) Microsoft
2 11 (5.95%) Oracle
3 9 (4.86%) webMethods
4 8 (4.32%) Google
5 7 (3.78%) Adobe
6 4 (2.16%) Nintex
7 3 (1.62%) ServiceNow
7 3 (1.62%) Sitecore
8 2 (1.08%) Blue Prism
8 2 (1.08%) UiPath
8 2 (1.08%) Zend
9 1 (0.54%) Guidewire
9 1 (0.54%) IBM
9 1 (0.54%) Splunk