Period
to 16 February 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 16 February 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
16 Feb 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 28 18 10
Rank change year-on-year -10 -8 +10
Contract jobs citing CSS 341 382 501
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 6.88% 7.98% 9.40%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 23.53% 29.09% 35.68%
Number of daily rates quoted 224 269 310
West Midlands median daily rate £400 £350 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +14.29% -10.26% +20.00%
10th Percentile £302 £216 £269
90th Percentile £538 £523 £530
England median daily rate £450 £425 £400
% change year-on-year +5.88% +6.25% +6.67%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 4
West Midlands median hourly rate £56.00 - £32.00
10th Percentile £49.80 - £23.00
90th Percentile £61.75 - £89.45
England median hourly rate £40.50 £45.00 £35.84
% change year-on-year -10.00% +25.55% +8.61%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,449 1,313 1,404
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 29.22% 27.42% 26.33%
Number of daily rates quoted 863 852 877
West Midlands median daily rate £425 £400 £390
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +2.56% +7.59%
10th Percentile £313 £255 £275
90th Percentile £575 £563 £538
England median daily rate £500 £475 £430
% change year-on-year +5.26% +10.47% +1.18%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 35 22
West Midlands median hourly rate £45.00 £30.34 £25.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.34% +21.34% +13.64%
10th Percentile £32.73 £14.01 £15.70
90th Percentile £61.94 £43.75 £34.45
England median hourly rate £41.85 £40.00 £40.00
% change year-on-year +4.61% - +3.90%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 16 February 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 16 February 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham +1 106 £400 +23.08% 98
Shropshire -19 76 £425 - 17
Coventry -10 74 £425 -5.56% 24
Staffordshire -10 24 £394 +21.15% 35
Warwickshire -12 16 £338 +16.38% 22
Solihull +8 10 £400 - 32
Walsall -6 3 £400 +35.59% 7
Worcestershire -15 2 - - 23
West Bromwich - 2 £200 -
Wolverhampton -2 1 £425 +18.06% 10
Herefordshire - 1 £575 - 1
Dudley - 1 £250 - 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 16 February 2019, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 322 (94.43%) HTML
2 279 (81.82%) JavaScript
3 186 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
4 132 (38.71%) C#
5 126 (36.95%) .NET
6 112 (32.84%) SQL Server
7 110 (32.26%) Git (software)
8 106 (31.09%) TDD
8 106 (31.09%) MVC
9 102 (29.91%) HTML5
10 92 (26.98%) SQL
11 90 (26.39%) Scrum
12 86 (25.22%) ASP.NET
12 86 (25.22%) Continuous Integration
13 77 (22.58%) jQuery
14 75 (21.99%) Web Services
15 72 (21.11%) AngularJS
16 71 (20.82%) Microsoft Azure
17 70 (20.53%) CSS3
18 61 (17.89%) User Experience
19 58 (17.01%) ASP.NET MVC
20 55 (16.13%) Node.js
21 52 (15.25%) Microservices
22 51 (14.96%) BDD
23 50 (14.66%) REST
23 50 (14.66%) ASP.NET Web API
23 50 (14.66%) Microsoft
24 49 (14.37%) Java
24 49 (14.37%) SOLID
25 47 (13.78%) Front End Development

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (5.28%) CMS
2 16 (4.69%) Confluence
3 14 (4.11%) WebSphere
4 13 (3.81%) SharePoint
4 13 (3.81%) Tomcat
5 11 (3.23%) Apache
5 11 (3.23%) nginx
6 9 (2.64%) JBoss
7 6 (1.76%) Drupal
7 6 (1.76%) Umbraco
7 6 (1.76%) WebLogic
7 6 (1.76%) WordPress
8 4 (1.17%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 3 (0.88%) Oracle SOA Suite
9 3 (0.88%) Sitecore CMS
10 2 (0.59%) Joomla!
11 1 (0.29%) Elasticsearch
11 1 (0.29%) IIS
11 1 (0.29%) SharePoint 2013
Applications
1 5 (1.47%) Photoshop
2 3 (0.88%) Adobe Creative Suite
3 2 (0.59%) Adobe Illustrator
4 1 (0.29%) Adobe Premiere
4 1 (0.29%) InDesign
4 1 (0.29%) InfoPath
4 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Excel
Business Applications
1 17 (4.99%) Dynamics CRM
2 8 (2.35%) Magento
3 3 (0.88%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.59%) Scribe Insight
4 2 (0.59%) Shopify
5 1 (0.29%) Payment Gateway
Cloud Services
1 71 (20.82%) Microsoft Azure
2 29 (8.50%) Google Analytics
3 28 (8.21%) GitHub
4 12 (3.52%) Amazon AWS
4 12 (3.52%) Slack
5 11 (3.23%) Dynamics 365
5 11 (3.23%) Office 365
6 10 (2.93%) SaaS
7 5 (1.47%) Azure Data Factory
8 2 (0.59%) Scribe Online
8 2 (0.59%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.81%) SSL
2 12 (3.52%) Skype
3 10 (2.93%) HTTP
3 10 (2.93%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.88%) Intranet
5 2 (0.59%) Extranet
6 1 (0.29%) Internet
Database & Business Intelligence
1 112 (32.84%) SQL Server
2 40 (11.73%) MySQL
3 29 (8.50%) MongoDB
4 14 (4.11%) PostgreSQL
4 14 (4.11%) Relational Database
5 12 (3.52%) NoSQL
6 9 (2.64%) Power BI
6 9 (2.64%) SQLite
7 3 (0.88%) Oracle ODI
7 3 (0.88%) SQLPlus
8 2 (0.59%) Apache Cassandra
8 2 (0.59%) Azure SQL Database
8 2 (0.59%) Cosmos DB
8 2 (0.59%) SQL Server Integration Services
9 1 (0.29%) Couchbase
Development Applications
1 110 (32.26%) Git (software)
2 39 (11.44%) gulp
3 36 (10.56%) Cucumber
4 35 (10.26%) Jenkins
5 32 (9.38%) Selenium
6 29 (8.50%) Visual Studio
7 26 (7.62%) IntelliJ
7 26 (7.62%) Sublime Text
8 25 (7.33%) Gatling
8 25 (7.33%) JIRA
9 23 (6.74%) Subversion
10 18 (5.28%) Grunt
11 17 (4.99%) WebDriver
12 16 (4.69%) Visual Studio Code
13 15 (4.40%) Eclipse
14 14 (4.11%) Artifactory
15 11 (3.23%) JUnit
15 11 (3.23%) Karma Test Runner
15 11 (3.23%) Team Foundation Server
15 11 (3.23%) Xcode
General
1 10 (2.93%) Finance
2 8 (2.35%) Retail
3 7 (2.05%) Games
4 5 (1.47%) Legal
5 4 (1.17%) Marketing
6 3 (0.88%) Automotive
7 2 (0.59%) Banking
7 2 (0.59%) Law
7 2 (0.59%) Military
8 1 (0.29%) Back Office
8 1 (0.29%) Financial Institution
8 1 (0.29%) Multimedia
Job Titles
1 280 (82.11%) Developer
2 59 (17.30%) .NET Developer
3 33 (9.68%) C# Developer
4 27 (7.92%) Designer
5 26 (7.62%) UX Designer
6 24 (7.04%) Java Developer
7 22 (6.45%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
8 21 (6.16%) Agile Developer
8 21 (6.16%) Full Stack Developer
9 20 (5.87%) C# .NET Developer
9 20 (5.87%) Lead Developer
9 20 (5.87%) Scala Developer
10 18 (5.28%) PHP Developer
11 16 (4.69%) UI Developer
12 15 (4.40%) React Developer
13 14 (4.11%) Architect
13 14 (4.11%) CRM Developer
13 14 (4.11%) Dynamics CRM Developer
13 14 (4.11%) Web Developer
14 13 (3.81%) Applications Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 322 (94.43%) HTML
2 126 (36.95%) .NET
3 102 (29.91%) HTML5
4 86 (25.22%) ASP.NET
5 77 (22.58%) jQuery
6 75 (21.99%) Web Services
7 72 (21.11%) AngularJS
8 70 (20.53%) CSS3
9 58 (17.01%) ASP.NET MVC
10 55 (16.13%) Node.js
11 50 (14.66%) ASP.NET Web API
11 50 (14.66%) REST
12 46 (13.49%) .NET Framework
13 44 (12.90%) Sass
14 41 (12.02%) React
15 40 (11.73%) Dapper ORM
16 35 (10.26%) Spring
17 31 (9.09%) Gherkin
18 28 (8.21%) LESS
18 28 (8.21%) Play Framework
Miscellaneous
1 61 (17.89%) User Experience
2 39 (11.44%) Mobile App
3 16 (4.69%) Enterprise Software
4 11 (3.23%) Self-Motivation
5 10 (2.93%) iPhone
5 10 (2.93%) Public Cloud
6 8 (2.35%) Greenfield Project
7 3 (0.88%) iPad
7 3 (0.88%) Mobile Games
7 3 (0.88%) NHS
8 2 (0.59%) New Media
8 2 (0.59%) N-Tier
9 1 (0.29%) Blog
9 1 (0.29%) Digital Media
9 1 (0.29%) Graphic Design
9 1 (0.29%) Photography
9 1 (0.29%) Social Media
9 1 (0.29%) Taxonomies
Operating Systems
1 27 (7.92%) Linux
2 16 (4.69%) Android
2 16 (4.69%) Apple iOS
2 16 (4.69%) Windows
3 13 (3.81%) Mac OS
4 12 (3.52%) Ubuntu
5 11 (3.23%) Unix
6 2 (0.59%) Debian
6 2 (0.59%) Mac OS X
Processes & Methodologies
1 186 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
2 106 (31.09%) MVC
2 106 (31.09%) TDD
3 90 (26.39%) Scrum
4 86 (25.22%) Continuous Integration
5 52 (15.25%) Microservices
6 51 (14.96%) BDD
7 49 (14.37%) SOLID
8 47 (13.78%) Front End Development
9 45 (13.20%) Kanban
10 43 (12.61%) Prototyping
11 40 (11.73%) DevOps
11 40 (11.73%) Test Automation
12 34 (9.97%) Web Design
13 33 (9.68%) Web Development
14 31 (9.09%) Analytics
15 27 (7.92%) SDLC
15 27 (7.92%) Technical Leadership
16 22 (6.45%) Migration
16 22 (6.45%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 279 (81.82%) JavaScript
2 132 (38.71%) C#
3 92 (26.98%) SQL
4 49 (14.37%) Java
5 44 (12.90%) PHP
6 29 (8.50%) Ruby
6 29 (8.50%) Scala
7 24 (7.04%) Groovy
8 16 (4.69%) Java 8
8 16 (4.69%) TypeScript
9 14 (4.11%) Python
10 13 (3.81%) Bash Shell
11 12 (3.52%) Apple Swift
11 12 (3.52%) Objective-C
12 10 (2.93%) ES6
12 10 (2.93%) Haskell
12 10 (2.93%) Perl
13 8 (2.35%) T-SQL
14 4 (1.17%) VB.NET
14 4 (1.17%) XPath
Qualifications
1 28 (8.21%) Security Cleared
2 26 (7.62%) SC Cleared
3 8 (2.35%) Degree
4 2 (0.59%) BPSS Clearance
4 2 (0.59%) DBS Check
5 1 (0.29%) DV Cleared
5 1 (0.29%) MCSD
5 1 (0.29%) Microsoft Certification
5 1 (0.29%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 16 (4.69%) QA
2 4 (1.17%) WCAG
3 2 (0.59%) Disclosure Scotland
System Software
1 30 (8.80%) Docker
2 1 (0.29%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 26 (7.62%) Kibana
2 25 (7.33%) Grafana
3 15 (4.40%) Graphite
4 11 (3.23%) HockeyApp
5 10 (2.93%) Puppet
6 2 (0.59%) cPanel
6 2 (0.59%) Plesk
Vendors
1 50 (14.66%) Microsoft
2 32 (9.38%) Oracle
3 30 (8.80%) Google
4 15 (4.40%) Splunk
4 15 (4.40%) Xamarin
5 14 (4.11%) Adobe
6 13 (3.81%) IBM
7 12 (3.52%) Twitter
8 10 (2.93%) Apple
9 9 (2.64%) Atlassian
10 7 (2.05%) hybris
11 4 (1.17%) Demandware
11 4 (1.17%) SAP
12 3 (0.88%) ATG
12 3 (0.88%) Sitecore
13 2 (0.59%) Red Hat
13 2 (0.59%) ServiceNow
13 2 (0.59%) Telerik
13 2 (0.59%) webMethods
13 2 (0.59%) Zend