Period
to 18 November 2017

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 18 November 2017 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
18 Nov 2017
Same period 2016 Same period 2015
Rank 16 10 21
Rank change year-on-year -6 +11 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 371 578 343
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 7.74% 9.30% 6.90%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 32.04% 36.58% 30.57%
Number of daily rates quoted 250 347 217
West Midlands median daily rate £350 £350 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +7.69% +1.56%
10th Percentile £225 £216 £203
90th Percentile £500 £488 £450
England median daily rate £425 £400 £375
% change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +3.45%
Number of hourly rates quoted 6 6 25
West Midlands median hourly rate £32.22 £24.00 £22.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +34.25% +9.09% -11.11%
10th Percentile £25.63 £22.50 £8.00
90th Percentile £38.13 £75.15 £33.55
England median hourly rate £42.50 £36.00 £31.76
% change year-on-year +18.06% +13.35% -9.26%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1158 1580 1122
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 24.17% 25.43% 22.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 767 970 684
West Midlands median daily rate £400 £375 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.67% +7.14% -
10th Percentile £263 £263 £213
90th Percentile £563 £514 £500
England median daily rate £463 £425 £413
% change year-on-year +8.82% +3.03% +3.13%
Number of hourly rates quoted 38 17 32
West Midlands median hourly rate £30.58 £23.00 £28.60
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.96% -19.57% +3.98%
10th Percentile £18.38 £10.40 £11.08
90th Percentile £41.15 £39.82 £43.78
England median hourly rate £40.00 £37.50 £37.50
% change year-on-year +6.67% - +9.49%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 18 November 2017.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 18 November 2017. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -9 119 £325 -13.33% 24
Coventry +1 69 £425 +6.25% 8
Warwickshire +17 57 £300 -7.69% 10
Shropshire +9 44 £452 +9.67% 5
Staffordshire +6 22 £325 +8.33% 16
Wolverhampton -2 6 £350 +16.67%
Worcestershire +1 5 £300 -14.29% 9
Solihull -22 5 £375 +13.64% 5
Herefordshire - 2 £313 - 1
Walsall -2 1 £275 -49.54% 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 18 November 2017, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 358 (96.50%) HTML
2 261 (70.35%) JavaScript
3 169 (45.55%) Agile Software Development
4 152 (40.97%) HTML5
5 149 (40.16%) .NET
6 136 (36.66%) jQuery
7 124 (33.42%) CSS3
8 122 (32.88%) C#
8 122 (32.88%) MVC
9 104 (28.03%) Front End Development
10 97 (26.15%) SQL Server
11 96 (25.88%) Web Development
12 90 (24.26%) AngularJS
13 81 (21.83%) TDD
13 81 (21.83%) SQL
14 79 (21.29%) ASP.NET
15 74 (19.95%) Git (software)
16 70 (18.87%) User Experience
17 60 (16.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 55 (14.82%) PHP
19 50 (13.48%) Scrum
20 49 (13.21%) MySQL
20 49 (13.21%) Microsoft Azure
21 47 (12.67%) BDD
22 46 (12.40%) ASP.NET MVC
23 42 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
24 41 (11.05%) Test Automation
24 41 (11.05%) Java
25 40 (10.78%) .NET Framework
25 40 (10.78%) Ajax

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 18 (4.85%) CMS
2 17 (4.58%) SharePoint
3 11 (2.96%) Drupal
4 10 (2.70%) JBoss
4 10 (2.70%) WordPress
5 8 (2.16%) Apache
5 8 (2.16%) DNN
5 8 (2.16%) WebLogic
6 7 (1.89%) Confluence
7 6 (1.62%) Umbraco
8 5 (1.35%) Elasticsearch
8 5 (1.35%) Tomcat
9 4 (1.08%) SharePoint 2013
10 3 (0.81%) Apache Solr
10 3 (0.81%) IIS
10 3 (0.81%) nginx
10 3 (0.81%) SharePoint 2010
11 2 (0.54%) BizTalk Server
11 2 (0.54%) Cloud Foundry
11 2 (0.54%) SharePoint Server
Applications
1 13 (3.50%) Adobe Illustrator
2 11 (2.96%) Photoshop
3 10 (2.70%) Microsoft Excel
4 5 (1.35%) Microsoft Office
5 4 (1.08%) Acrobat
5 4 (1.08%) RoboHelp
5 4 (1.08%) Snagit
6 3 (0.81%) InDesign
6 3 (0.81%) MS Visio
7 2 (0.54%) HipChat
7 2 (0.54%) InfoPath
7 2 (0.54%) UXPin
8 1 (0.27%) Adobe After Effects
8 1 (0.27%) Adobe Creative Suite
8 1 (0.27%) Chatbot
8 1 (0.27%) Fireworks
8 1 (0.27%) GIMP
Business Applications
1 5 (1.35%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.08%) Magento
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.27%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 49 (13.21%) Microsoft Azure
2 6 (1.62%) Amazon AWS
3 5 (1.35%) SaaS
4 4 (1.08%) GitHub
4 4 (1.08%) Office 365
4 4 (1.08%) PaaS
5 2 (0.54%) IaaS
6 1 (0.27%) Google Analytics
6 1 (0.27%) Google Cloud Platform
6 1 (0.27%) MailChimp
6 1 (0.27%) OneDrive
6 1 (0.27%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 13 (3.50%) HTTP
2 10 (2.70%) Internet
3 5 (1.35%) Intranet
4 4 (1.08%) SSL
4 4 (1.08%) TCP/IP
5 1 (0.27%) LDAP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 97 (26.15%) SQL Server
2 49 (13.21%) MySQL
3 23 (6.20%) MongoDB
4 14 (3.77%) NoSQL
5 10 (2.70%) Relational Database
6 8 (2.16%) PostgreSQL
6 8 (2.16%) SQL Server 2005
7 7 (1.89%) SQL Server 2008
7 7 (1.89%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 6 (1.62%) Apache Cassandra
9 5 (1.35%) SQL Server 2000
10 4 (1.08%) RDBMS
11 3 (0.81%) Oracle Database
11 3 (0.81%) SQL Server 2012
11 3 (0.81%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 2 (0.54%) Big Data
12 2 (0.54%) GIS
12 2 (0.54%) MariaDB
12 2 (0.54%) SQL Server Analysis Services
13 1 (0.27%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 74 (19.95%) Git (software)
2 17 (4.58%) Visual Studio
3 16 (4.31%) JIRA
4 14 (3.77%) JUnit
4 14 (3.77%) Subversion
5 11 (2.96%) Selenium
6 10 (2.70%) SpecFlow
6 10 (2.70%) Team Foundation Server
7 9 (2.43%) IntelliJ
7 9 (2.43%) Jenkins
8 8 (2.16%) Axure RP
8 8 (2.16%) Jasmine
9 7 (1.89%) gulp
10 6 (1.62%) Eclipse
10 6 (1.62%) Grunt
11 5 (1.35%) Protractor
11 5 (1.35%) Visual Studio Team System
12 4 (1.08%) AccuRev
12 4 (1.08%) Karma Test Runner
12 4 (1.08%) TortoiseSVN
General
1 15 (4.04%) Retail
2 12 (3.23%) Finance
3 11 (2.96%) Automotive
4 7 (1.89%) Manufacturing
5 6 (1.62%) Marketing
6 4 (1.08%) Banking
6 4 (1.08%) Games
7 3 (0.81%) Advertising
7 3 (0.81%) Back Office
7 3 (0.81%) Local Government
8 2 (0.54%) Publishing
9 1 (0.27%) Investment Banking
9 1 (0.27%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 316 (85.18%) Developer
2 80 (21.56%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 60 (16.17%) .NET Developer
4 43 (11.59%) Web Developer
5 32 (8.63%) Designer
6 31 (8.36%) C# Developer
6 31 (8.36%) PHP Developer
7 30 (8.09%) JavaScript Developer
8 29 (7.82%) Angular Developer
8 29 (7.82%) HTML Developer
9 24 (6.47%) HTML CSS Developer
10 20 (5.39%) Software Developer
10 20 (5.39%) UX Designer
11 19 (5.12%) UI Developer
12 18 (4.85%) C# .NET Developer
12 18 (4.85%) Senior Developer
13 15 (4.04%) Full Stack Developer
13 15 (4.04%) Java Developer
14 14 (3.77%) Lead Developer
15 13 (3.50%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 358 (96.50%) HTML
2 152 (40.97%) HTML5
3 149 (40.16%) .NET
4 136 (36.66%) jQuery
5 124 (33.42%) CSS3
6 90 (24.26%) AngularJS
7 79 (21.29%) ASP.NET
8 60 (16.17%) Twitter Bootstrap
9 46 (12.40%) ASP.NET MVC
10 40 (10.78%) .NET Framework
10 40 (10.78%) Ajax
11 39 (10.51%) JSON
12 38 (10.24%) REST
12 38 (10.24%) Web Services
13 36 (9.70%) XML
14 35 (9.43%) Sass
15 30 (8.09%) ASP.NET Web API
16 27 (7.28%) Spring
17 26 (7.01%) RESTful
18 23 (6.20%) Node.js
Miscellaneous
1 70 (18.87%) User Experience
2 22 (5.93%) Greenfield Project
2 22 (5.93%) Mobile App
3 19 (5.12%) Digital Media
4 16 (4.31%) Enterprise Software
5 6 (1.62%) W3C
6 5 (1.35%) Computer Science
6 5 (1.35%) Management Information System
7 4 (1.08%) Analytical Skills
7 4 (1.08%) Animation
7 4 (1.08%) Virtual Team
8 3 (0.81%) Web 2.0
9 2 (0.54%) Graphic Design
9 2 (0.54%) SCADA
10 1 (0.27%) CMDB
10 1 (0.27%) FMCG
10 1 (0.27%) Infotainment
10 1 (0.27%) Internet of Things
10 1 (0.27%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 23 (6.20%) Windows
2 15 (4.04%) Linux
3 11 (2.96%) Android
3 11 (2.96%) Windows Server
4 10 (2.70%) Unix
5 7 (1.89%) Apple iOS
6 2 (0.54%) Mac OS X
6 2 (0.54%) Windows Server 2008
7 1 (0.27%) HPUX
7 1 (0.27%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 1 (0.27%) Ubuntu
7 1 (0.27%) Windows Phone
7 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2003
7 1 (0.27%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 169 (45.55%) Agile Software Development
2 122 (32.88%) MVC
3 104 (28.03%) Front End Development
4 96 (25.88%) Web Development
5 81 (21.83%) TDD
6 50 (13.48%) Scrum
7 47 (12.67%) BDD
8 42 (11.32%) Continuous Integration
9 41 (11.05%) Test Automation
10 35 (9.43%) Responsive Web Design
11 34 (9.16%) Kanban
12 31 (8.36%) OO
13 27 (7.28%) Web Design
14 26 (7.01%) Open Source
15 25 (6.74%) Unit Testing
16 24 (6.47%) Digital Transformation Programme
17 23 (6.20%) SOLID
18 19 (5.12%) Microservices
18 19 (5.12%) Prototyping
19 18 (4.85%) Service Design
Programming Languages
1 261 (70.35%) JavaScript
2 122 (32.88%) C#
3 81 (21.83%) SQL
4 55 (14.82%) PHP
5 41 (11.05%) Java
6 29 (7.82%) TypeScript
7 21 (5.66%) Scala
8 16 (4.31%) VB.NET
9 14 (3.77%) Ruby
10 13 (3.50%) T-SQL
11 10 (2.70%) ES6
12 9 (2.43%) Python
13 4 (1.08%) Perl
13 4 (1.08%) PowerShell
14 3 (0.81%) Apple Swift
14 3 (0.81%) Elixir
14 3 (0.81%) Erlang
14 3 (0.81%) Go
14 3 (0.81%) PL/SQL
14 3 (0.81%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 30 (8.09%) Degree
2 7 (1.89%) Security Cleared
3 6 (1.62%) SC Cleared
4 4 (1.08%) DBS Check
5 3 (0.81%) Computer Science Degree
6 1 (0.27%) BPSS Clearance
6 1 (0.27%) MCPD
6 1 (0.27%) MCSD
6 1 (0.27%) Microsoft Certification
6 1 (0.27%) NVQ Level 4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 3 (0.81%) Disclosure Scotland
1 3 (0.81%) QA
1 3 (0.81%) WAI
1 3 (0.81%) WCAG
2 1 (0.27%) SLA
2 1 (0.27%) Solvency II
System Software
1 13 (3.50%) Docker
2 5 (1.35%) VMware Infrastructure
3 4 (1.08%) VirtualBox
4 1 (0.27%) Active Directory
4 1 (0.27%) Hyper-V
Systems Management
1 9 (2.43%) Puppet
2 2 (0.54%) Ansible
3 1 (0.27%) Grafana
3 1 (0.27%) Kibana
3 1 (0.27%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 37 (9.97%) Microsoft
2 14 (3.77%) Google
3 12 (3.23%) Adobe
3 12 (3.23%) Oracle
4 6 (1.62%) webMethods
5 5 (1.35%) VMware
5 5 (1.35%) Xamarin
6 3 (0.81%) ServiceNow
7 2 (0.54%) Informatica
7 2 (0.54%) Salesforce.com
7 2 (0.54%) Zend
8 1 (0.27%) Altova
8 1 (0.27%) Apple
8 1 (0.27%) BT
8 1 (0.27%) DevExpress
8 1 (0.27%) IBM
8 1 (0.27%) Progress
8 1 (0.27%) Red Hat
8 1 (0.27%) Sitecore
8 1 (0.27%) Telerik