Period
to 24 April 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 24 April 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
24 Apr 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 14 10 22
Rank change year-on-year -4 +12 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 400 421 377
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 8.33% 9.19% 7.16%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 29.39% 36.45% 29.04%
Number of daily rates quoted 278 292 237
West Midlands median daily rate £375 £375 £325
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +15.38% +1.56%
10th Percentile £216 £256 £213
90th Percentile £525 £537 £450
England median daily rate £425 £400 £388
% change year-on-year +6.25% +3.23% +4.73%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 2 12
West Midlands median hourly rate £47.50 £32.00 £14.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +48.44% +128.57% -56.92%
10th Percentile £46.25 £24.75 £9.00
90th Percentile £48.75 £39.65 £38.15
England median hourly rate £42.50 £36.50 £32.50
% change year-on-year +16.44% +12.31% -

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,361 1,155 1,298
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 28.35% 25.21% 24.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 872 745 785
West Midlands median daily rate £401 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +0.31% +6.67% +4.17%
10th Percentile £258 £263 £261
90th Percentile £563 £538 £506
England median daily rate £475 £440 £425
% change year-on-year +7.95% +3.53% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 28 22 21
West Midlands median hourly rate £30.50 £25.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +22.00% +16.28% -31.62%
10th Percentile £18.05 £16.95 £13.50
90th Percentile £48.75 £34.45 £43.75
England median hourly rate £41.00 £41.00 £38.75
% change year-on-year - +5.81% +10.71%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 24 April 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 24 April 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -3 142 £345 -6.76% 84
Coventry -1 85 £450 -5.26% 18
Shropshire -2 36 £425 -0.58% 19
Staffordshire +3 33 £325 -2.99% 45
Warwickshire -14 22 £288 -11.54% 27
Solihull -3 15 £368 +5.00% 21
Wolverhampton +4 8 £330 +6.45% 7
Herefordshire -5 8 £375 +31.58% 2
Worcestershire -5 8 £288 -8.73% 19
Walsall - 5 £295 - 1
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 24 April 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 392 (98.00%) HTML
2 298 (74.50%) JavaScript
3 208 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
4 159 (39.75%) .NET
5 148 (37.00%) HTML5
6 146 (36.50%) C#
7 132 (33.00%) jQuery
8 122 (30.50%) CSS3
9 121 (30.25%) TDD
10 118 (29.50%) SQL Server
11 108 (27.00%) MVC
12 98 (24.50%) AngularJS
12 98 (24.50%) User Experience
13 97 (24.25%) Git (software)
14 90 (22.50%) Front End Development
14 90 (22.50%) SQL
15 84 (21.00%) ASP.NET
16 75 (18.75%) Microsoft Azure
17 73 (18.25%) BDD
17 73 (18.25%) Web Services
18 72 (18.00%) ASP.NET Web API
19 66 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
20 62 (15.50%) Scrum
20 62 (15.50%) Java
21 60 (15.00%) .NET Framework
22 59 (14.75%) Microsoft
23 56 (14.00%) Web Development
24 55 (13.75%) ASP.NET MVC
25 50 (12.50%) Kanban
26 46 (11.50%) Dapper ORM

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 19 (4.75%) CMS
2 14 (3.50%) IIS
3 12 (3.00%) WebSphere
4 8 (2.00%) NServiceBus
4 8 (2.00%) WordPress
5 5 (1.25%) SharePoint
6 4 (1.00%) nginx
6 4 (1.00%) Tomcat
6 4 (1.00%) Umbraco
7 3 (0.75%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 3 (0.75%) Cloud Foundry
8 2 (0.50%) Apache
8 2 (0.50%) Confluence
8 2 (0.50%) Drupal
9 1 (0.25%) Apache Spark
9 1 (0.25%) BizTalk Server
9 1 (0.25%) JBoss
9 1 (0.25%) MS Exchange
9 1 (0.25%) SharePoint Server
9 1 (0.25%) WebLogic
Applications
1 15 (3.75%) Photoshop
2 12 (3.00%) GIMP
3 4 (1.00%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (1.00%) Microsoft Office
4 3 (0.75%) Adobe Illustrator
5 2 (0.50%) Acrobat
5 2 (0.50%) RoboHelp
5 2 (0.50%) Snagit
6 1 (0.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
6 1 (0.25%) InDesign
Business Applications
1 14 (3.50%) Dynamics CRM
2 4 (1.00%) Magento
3 2 (0.50%) Shopify
4 1 (0.25%) Dynamics AX
4 1 (0.25%) Oracle EBS
Cloud Services
1 75 (18.75%) Microsoft Azure
2 13 (3.25%) Amazon AWS
3 10 (2.50%) GitHub
4 6 (1.50%) IaaS
4 6 (1.50%) PaaS
4 6 (1.50%) SaaS
5 5 (1.25%) Dynamics 365
6 4 (1.00%) Google Cloud Platform
7 3 (0.75%) Google Analytics
8 2 (0.50%) npm
9 1 (0.25%) G Suite
Communications & Networking
1 12 (3.00%) Internet
2 10 (2.50%) HTTP
3 3 (0.75%) SSL
3 3 (0.75%) TCP/IP
4 2 (0.50%) Intranet
4 2 (0.50%) Network Security
4 2 (0.50%) SMS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 118 (29.50%) SQL Server
2 44 (11.00%) MySQL
3 17 (4.25%) MongoDB
4 16 (4.00%) NoSQL
4 16 (4.00%) SQL Server 2008
5 15 (3.75%) Relational Database
6 14 (3.50%) PostgreSQL
7 10 (2.50%) SQL Server Reporting Services
8 9 (2.25%) Data Warehouse
8 9 (2.25%) SQL Server Analysis Services
9 4 (1.00%) Neo4j
10 3 (0.75%) Cloud Spanner
10 3 (0.75%) Redis
10 3 (0.75%) SQL Server 2012
10 3 (0.75%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 2 (0.50%) Apache Cassandra
11 2 (0.50%) BigQuery
11 2 (0.50%) Cosmos DB
11 2 (0.50%) SQL Server 2000
12 1 (0.25%) Power BI
Development Applications
1 97 (24.25%) Git (software)
2 22 (5.50%) Visual Studio
3 17 (4.25%) Subversion
4 14 (3.50%) Team Foundation Server
5 12 (3.00%) Grunt
6 10 (2.50%) gulp
6 10 (2.50%) Visual Studio Team System
7 9 (2.25%) Selenium
7 9 (2.25%) SpecFlow
8 8 (2.00%) Axure RP
9 7 (1.75%) Jasmine
10 5 (1.25%) JIRA
10 5 (1.25%) Karma Test Runner
10 5 (1.25%) MSI
10 5 (1.25%) WiX
11 4 (1.00%) Jenkins
11 4 (1.00%) JUnit
11 4 (1.00%) Mercurial
12 3 (0.75%) Cucumber
12 3 (0.75%) Sublime Text
General
1 21 (5.25%) Finance
2 10 (2.50%) Retail
3 9 (2.25%) Marketing
4 8 (2.00%) Games
4 8 (2.00%) Manufacturing
5 5 (1.25%) Back Office
6 4 (1.00%) Advertising
7 3 (0.75%) Automotive
7 3 (0.75%) Banking
8 1 (0.25%) General Ledger
8 1 (0.25%) German Language
8 1 (0.25%) Law
8 1 (0.25%) Legal
8 1 (0.25%) Persian Language
8 1 (0.25%) Publishing
8 1 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 341 (85.25%) Developer
2 76 (19.00%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 73 (18.25%) .NET Developer
4 46 (11.50%) C# Developer
5 36 (9.00%) JavaScript Developer
6 34 (8.50%) C# .NET Developer
7 32 (8.00%) Java Developer
8 30 (7.50%) Designer
9 29 (7.25%) Lead Developer
9 29 (7.25%) UX Designer
10 28 (7.00%) Angular Developer
10 28 (7.00%) PHP Developer
11 27 (6.75%) UI Developer
12 25 (6.25%) Full Stack Developer
13 24 (6.00%) HTML Developer
14 22 (5.50%) Senior Developer
15 20 (5.00%) Azure Developer
15 20 (5.00%) HTML CSS Developer
16 17 (4.25%) Web Developer
17 13 (3.25%) ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 392 (98.00%) HTML
2 159 (39.75%) .NET
3 148 (37.00%) HTML5
4 132 (33.00%) jQuery
5 122 (30.50%) CSS3
6 98 (24.50%) AngularJS
7 84 (21.00%) ASP.NET
8 73 (18.25%) Web Services
9 72 (18.00%) ASP.NET Web API
10 60 (15.00%) .NET Framework
11 55 (13.75%) ASP.NET MVC
12 46 (11.50%) Dapper ORM
13 45 (11.25%) Sass
13 45 (11.25%) Twitter Bootstrap
14 43 (10.75%) React
15 36 (9.00%) Ajax
16 34 (8.50%) KnockoutJS
17 28 (7.00%) Angular 2
17 28 (7.00%) LESS
18 27 (6.75%) Laravel
Miscellaneous
1 98 (24.50%) User Experience
2 42 (10.50%) Enterprise Software
3 33 (8.25%) Mobile App
4 27 (6.75%) Digital Media
5 24 (6.00%) Greenfield Project
6 12 (3.00%) Self-Motivation
7 7 (1.75%) Analytical Skills
8 5 (1.25%) Animation
8 5 (1.25%) Computer Science
9 4 (1.00%) W3C
10 3 (0.75%) Data Protection Act
10 3 (0.75%) N-Tier
11 2 (0.50%) NHS
11 2 (0.50%) Vector Graphics
12 1 (0.25%) Blog
12 1 (0.25%) Client/Server
12 1 (0.25%) Management Information System
12 1 (0.25%) Smartphone
12 1 (0.25%) Video\Live Streaming
12 1 (0.25%) Virtual Team
Operating Systems
1 21 (5.25%) Windows
2 11 (2.75%) Linux
3 8 (2.00%) Android
3 8 (2.00%) Apple iOS
4 6 (1.50%) Unix
5 5 (1.25%) Mac OS X
6 3 (0.75%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.50%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2003
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.25%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 208 (52.00%) Agile Software Development
2 121 (30.25%) TDD
3 108 (27.00%) MVC
4 90 (22.50%) Front End Development
5 73 (18.25%) BDD
6 66 (16.50%) Continuous Integration
7 62 (15.50%) Scrum
8 56 (14.00%) Web Development
9 50 (12.50%) Kanban
10 42 (10.50%) SOLID
11 28 (7.00%) Mentoring
12 26 (6.50%) Test Automation
13 25 (6.25%) OO
13 25 (6.25%) Prototyping
14 24 (6.00%) Digital Transformation Programme
14 24 (6.00%) E-Commerce
14 24 (6.00%) Microservices
15 23 (5.75%) Rapid Prototyping
16 22 (5.50%) SDLC
17 20 (5.00%) Responsive Web Design
Programming Languages
1 298 (74.50%) JavaScript
2 146 (36.50%) C#
3 90 (22.50%) SQL
4 62 (15.50%) Java
5 43 (10.75%) PHP
6 30 (7.50%) TypeScript
7 15 (3.75%) VB.NET
8 14 (3.50%) Python
9 13 (3.25%) Java 8
10 12 (3.00%) Scala
11 10 (2.50%) Ruby
11 10 (2.50%) T-SQL
12 9 (2.25%) PowerShell
13 6 (1.50%) Groovy
13 6 (1.50%) Haskell
14 5 (1.25%) Perl
15 4 (1.00%) ES6
15 4 (1.00%) VBA
15 4 (1.00%) XAML
16 3 (0.75%) PHP 7
Qualifications
1 20 (5.00%) Security Cleared
2 15 (3.75%) Degree
2 15 (3.75%) SC Cleared
3 1 (0.25%) BC Cleared
3 1 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
3 1 (0.25%) DBS Check
3 1 (0.25%) MCSD
3 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Certification
3 1 (0.25%) NVQ Level 4
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 11 (2.75%) QA
2 4 (1.00%) GDPR
3 2 (0.50%) PMO
3 2 (0.50%) WAI
3 2 (0.50%) WCAG
4 1 (0.25%) SLA
System Software
1 20 (5.00%) Docker
2 5 (1.25%) Hyper-V
2 5 (1.25%) Microsoft App-V
2 5 (1.25%) VMware ESXi
3 3 (0.75%) Virtual Machines
4 2 (0.50%) VirtualBox
4 2 (0.50%) VMware Infrastructure
5 1 (0.25%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 5 (1.25%) SCCM
1 5 (1.25%) vCenter Server
2 3 (0.75%) Grafana
2 3 (0.75%) Kibana
2 3 (0.75%) Puppet
3 1 (0.25%) Business Desktop Deployment
3 1 (0.25%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 59 (14.75%) Microsoft
2 13 (3.25%) Google
3 12 (3.00%) IBM
4 7 (1.75%) Oracle
4 7 (1.75%) VMware
4 7 (1.75%) Xamarin
5 6 (1.50%) Adobe
6 2 (0.50%) Perforce
6 2 (0.50%) WooCommerce
7 1 (0.25%) Altova
7 1 (0.25%) Apple
7 1 (0.25%) DevExpress
7 1 (0.25%) Tableau
7 1 (0.25%) Telerik
7 1 (0.25%) webMethods