Period
to 25 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for CSS skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited CSS over the 6 months to 25 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
England > West Midlands
6 months to
25 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 22 11 14
Rank change year-on-year -11 +3 +5
Contract jobs citing CSS 405 383 528
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 7.90% 8.57% 8.53%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.13% 34.91% 33.76%
Number of daily rates quoted 260 247 341
West Midlands median daily rate £400 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +11.11% +2.86% +16.67%
10th Percentile £287 £261 £210
90th Percentile £500 £500 £485
England median daily rate £425 £413 £400
% change year-on-year +3.03% +3.13% +10.34%
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 7 6
West Midlands median hourly rate £52.00 £33.44 £24.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +55.50% +39.33% +9.09%
10th Percentile £33.00 £25.75 £22.50
90th Percentile £57.20 £39.80 £39.28
England median hourly rate £42.50 £40.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year +6.25% +23.08% +3.14%

CSS is in the Software Libraries and Frameworks category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in the West Midlands with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills.

All Software Libraries and Frameworks
West Midlands
Contract vacancies with a requirement for technical specification, industry standards, software libraries and framework skills 1,550 1,097 1,564
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands 30.23% 24.54% 25.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 947 709 992
West Midlands median daily rate £425 £400 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +6.25% +6.67% +7.14%
10th Percentile £300 £263 £250
90th Percentile £574 £575 £525
England median daily rate £475 £450 £425
% change year-on-year +5.56% +5.88% +6.25%
Number of hourly rates quoted 14 30 19
West Midlands median hourly rate £23.29 £27.50 £23.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -15.33% +19.57% -19.83%
10th Percentile £11.00 £14.51 £11.50
90th Percentile £53.83 £39.58 £39.50
England median hourly rate £42.00 £40.00 £36.50
% change year-on-year +5.00% +9.59% -1.35%

CSS
Job Vacancy Trend in the West Midlands

Job postings citing CSS as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in the West Midlands.

Job vacancy trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor daily rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in the West Midlands

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands.

Contractor hourly rate trend for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contractor Hourly Rate Histogram in the West Midlands

The hourly rate distribution of IT jobs citing CSS in the West Midlands over the 6 months to 25 September 2018.

Contractor hourly rate histogram for CSS in the West Midlands

CSS
Contract Job Locations in the West Midlands

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the West Midlands region over the 6 months to 25 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
Birmingham -2 136 £375 +2.04% 86
Shropshire -15 74 £446 -5.52% 25
Coventry -6 69 £450 +12.50% 16
Warwickshire -2 33 £319 +9.91% 25
Staffordshire -1 30 £348 +3.73% 36
Solihull +4 19 £400 +6.67% 12
Herefordshire -7 6 £375 +25.00% 1
Worcestershire -10 2 £269 -23.21% 18
Wolverhampton -4 1 £300 -14.29% 4
CSS
England

For the 6 months to 25 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the West Midlands region with a requirement for CSS.

1 385 (95.06%) HTML
2 311 (76.79%) JavaScript
3 222 (54.81%) Agile Software Development
4 178 (43.95%) HTML5
5 140 (34.57%) .NET
6 132 (32.59%) Git (software)
7 131 (32.35%) AngularJS
8 128 (31.60%) jQuery
9 127 (31.36%) C#
10 125 (30.86%) TDD
11 122 (30.12%) CSS3
12 118 (29.14%) MVC
13 99 (24.44%) Scrum
14 98 (24.20%) User Experience
15 93 (22.96%) SQL Server
16 92 (22.72%) ASP.NET
17 91 (22.47%) Java
18 89 (21.98%) Front End Development
19 88 (21.73%) SQL
20 84 (20.74%) Continuous Integration
21 82 (20.25%) Sass
22 77 (19.01%) Web Services
23 71 (17.53%) React
24 69 (17.04%) Microsoft Azure
25 65 (16.05%) BDD
26 61 (15.06%) ASP.NET MVC
26 61 (15.06%) MySQL
27 60 (14.81%) LESS
28 59 (14.57%) Microservices
28 59 (14.57%) gulp

CSS
Co-occurring IT Skills in the West Midlands by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (4.94%) Confluence
2 17 (4.20%) Apache
3 16 (3.95%) Tomcat
4 15 (3.70%) nginx
4 15 (3.70%) WebSphere
5 12 (2.96%) JBoss
6 10 (2.47%) CMS
6 10 (2.47%) WebLogic
7 7 (1.73%) SharePoint
8 5 (1.23%) Drupal
9 3 (0.74%) WordPress
10 2 (0.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
10 2 (0.49%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 2 (0.49%) Umbraco
Applications
1 18 (4.44%) GIMP
1 18 (4.44%) Photoshop
2 1 (0.25%) Microsoft Office
Business Applications
1 11 (2.72%) Remedy ITSM
2 6 (1.48%) Magento
3 5 (1.23%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.74%) Dynamics AX
5 2 (0.49%) SAP Hybris
6 1 (0.25%) NetSuite
6 1 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.25%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 69 (17.04%) Microsoft Azure
2 32 (7.90%) GitHub
3 28 (6.91%) Google Analytics
4 16 (3.95%) Amazon AWS
5 12 (2.96%) SaaS
6 9 (2.22%) npm
7 7 (1.73%) Slack
8 6 (1.48%) Office 365
9 5 (1.23%) PaaS
10 4 (0.99%) IaaS
11 3 (0.74%) Yarn
12 2 (0.49%) Dynamics 365
12 2 (0.49%) Google Cloud Platform
13 1 (0.25%) AWS Lambda
13 1 (0.25%) Force.com
13 1 (0.25%) Heroku
13 1 (0.25%) Salesforce Service Cloud
13 1 (0.25%) Serverless
Communications & Networking
1 18 (4.44%) HTTP
2 17 (4.20%) SSL
2 17 (4.20%) TCP/IP
3 7 (1.73%) Internet
3 7 (1.73%) Skype
4 3 (0.74%) SMS
5 2 (0.49%) Intranet
6 1 (0.25%) Network Security
Database & Business Intelligence
1 93 (22.96%) SQL Server
2 61 (15.06%) MySQL
3 47 (11.60%) MongoDB
4 34 (8.40%) PostgreSQL
5 28 (6.91%) NoSQL
6 19 (4.69%) Relational Database
7 11 (2.72%) Apache Cassandra
8 8 (1.98%) SQLite
9 7 (1.73%) Data Warehouse
9 7 (1.73%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 6 (1.48%) Oracle Database
10 6 (1.48%) SQL Server 2008
10 6 (1.48%) SQL Server Analysis Services
11 5 (1.23%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 4 (0.99%) MS Access
12 4 (0.99%) Redis
12 4 (0.99%) SQL Server 2012
13 3 (0.74%) Business Intelligence Development Studio
13 3 (0.74%) Power BI
14 2 (0.49%) SQL Server 2014
Development Applications
1 132 (32.59%) Git (software)
2 59 (14.57%) gulp
3 45 (11.11%) Selenium
4 39 (9.63%) Grunt
5 38 (9.38%) Cucumber
5 38 (9.38%) Jenkins
6 30 (7.41%) JIRA
7 29 (7.16%) IntelliJ
8 26 (6.42%) Sublime Text
9 22 (5.43%) Gatling
9 22 (5.43%) Karma Test Runner
10 21 (5.19%) Subversion
11 19 (4.69%) WebDriver
12 18 (4.44%) Eclipse
13 15 (3.70%) Bitbucket
13 15 (3.70%) Jasmine
14 14 (3.46%) Ant
15 13 (3.21%) JUnit
15 13 (3.21%) Visual Studio
16 12 (2.96%) Visual Studio Code
General
1 9 (2.22%) Automotive
1 9 (2.22%) Retail
2 6 (1.48%) Finance
3 4 (0.99%) Marketing
4 3 (0.74%) General Ledger
4 3 (0.74%) Law
5 2 (0.49%) Advertising
5 2 (0.49%) Aerospace
5 2 (0.49%) Games
6 1 (0.25%) Back Office
6 1 (0.25%) Banking
6 1 (0.25%) Telecoms
Job Titles
1 354 (87.41%) Developer
2 75 (18.52%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 68 (16.79%) .NET Developer
4 40 (9.88%) UI Developer
5 39 (9.63%) Java Developer
6 37 (9.14%) JavaScript Developer
7 34 (8.40%) HTML Developer
8 31 (7.65%) HTML CSS Developer
9 30 (7.41%) Angular Developer
10 25 (6.17%) PHP Developer
11 22 (5.43%) Scala Developer
12 21 (5.19%) C# Developer
13 20 (4.94%) React Developer
14 19 (4.69%) C# .NET Developer
15 18 (4.44%) Applications Developer
15 18 (4.44%) Azure Developer
16 17 (4.20%) Agile Developer
17 16 (3.95%) Architect
17 16 (3.95%) Designer
17 16 (3.95%) UX Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 385 (95.06%) HTML
2 178 (43.95%) HTML5
3 140 (34.57%) .NET
4 131 (32.35%) AngularJS
5 128 (31.60%) jQuery
6 122 (30.12%) CSS3
7 92 (22.72%) ASP.NET
8 82 (20.25%) Sass
9 77 (19.01%) Web Services
10 71 (17.53%) React
11 61 (15.06%) ASP.NET MVC
12 60 (14.81%) LESS
13 58 (14.32%) REST
14 56 (13.83%) Node.js
15 55 (13.58%) KnockoutJS
16 54 (13.33%) Ajax
17 52 (12.84%) ASP.NET Web API
17 52 (12.84%) RESTful
18 51 (12.59%) .NET Framework
18 51 (12.59%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 98 (24.20%) User Experience
2 40 (9.88%) Mobile App
3 30 (7.41%) Enterprise Software
4 18 (4.44%) Self-Motivation
5 15 (3.70%) Analytical Skills
6 13 (3.21%) Greenfield Project
6 13 (3.21%) Public Cloud
7 8 (1.98%) iPhone
8 7 (1.73%) W3C
9 4 (0.99%) Computer Science
9 4 (0.99%) NHS
10 2 (0.49%) Animation
11 1 (0.25%) Data Protection Act
11 1 (0.25%) Digital Media
11 1 (0.25%) Driving Licence
11 1 (0.25%) Management Information System
11 1 (0.25%) Social Media
11 1 (0.25%) Taxonomies
11 1 (0.25%) Video\Live Streaming
Operating Systems
1 48 (11.85%) Windows
2 39 (9.63%) Linux
3 28 (6.91%) Unix
4 27 (6.67%) Android
5 25 (6.17%) Apple iOS
6 18 (4.44%) Ubuntu
7 7 (1.73%) Mac OS
8 5 (1.23%) Mac OS X
9 3 (0.74%) Windows Server
10 1 (0.25%) CentOS
10 1 (0.25%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 222 (54.81%) Agile Software Development
2 125 (30.86%) TDD
3 118 (29.14%) MVC
4 99 (24.44%) Scrum
5 89 (21.98%) Front End Development
6 84 (20.74%) Continuous Integration
7 65 (16.05%) BDD
8 59 (14.57%) Microservices
9 58 (14.32%) Test Automation
10 47 (11.60%) Kanban
11 41 (10.12%) DevOps
12 39 (9.63%) Web Development
13 37 (9.14%) Responsive Web Design
14 34 (8.40%) Cross-Browser Compatibility
15 31 (7.65%) Wireframes
16 30 (7.41%) Open Source
16 30 (7.41%) Prototyping
17 29 (7.16%) Analytics
18 26 (6.42%) Problem-Solving
18 26 (6.42%) SOLID
Programming Languages
1 311 (76.79%) JavaScript
2 127 (31.36%) C#
3 91 (22.47%) Java
4 88 (21.73%) SQL
5 50 (12.35%) PHP
6 42 (10.37%) Ruby
7 41 (10.12%) Scala
8 39 (9.63%) TypeScript
9 29 (7.16%) Python
10 22 (5.43%) Groovy
11 18 (4.44%) Java 8
12 14 (3.46%) ES6
12 14 (3.46%) Haskell
12 14 (3.46%) Perl
13 13 (3.21%) Apple Swift
13 13 (3.21%) Objective-C
14 8 (1.98%) XAML
15 7 (1.73%) Bash Shell
16 6 (1.48%) ES7
17 5 (1.23%) ES8
Qualifications
1 34 (8.40%) Security Cleared
2 32 (7.90%) SC Cleared
3 21 (5.19%) Degree
4 11 (2.72%) Computer Science Degree
5 2 (0.49%) DBS Check
6 1 (0.25%) BPSS Clearance
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 18 (4.44%) WCAG
2 13 (3.21%) QA
3 11 (2.72%) WAI
4 4 (0.99%) PMO
5 1 (0.25%) Disclosure Scotland
5 1 (0.25%) GDPR
5 1 (0.25%) SLA
System Software
1 45 (11.11%) Docker
2 6 (1.48%) LXC
3 2 (0.49%) Hyper-V
3 2 (0.49%) Microsoft App-V
3 2 (0.49%) VMware ESXi
4 1 (0.25%) Active Directory
Systems Management
1 25 (6.17%) Grafana
1 25 (6.17%) Kibana
2 23 (5.68%) Puppet
3 11 (2.72%) Graphite
4 9 (2.22%) HockeyApp
5 6 (1.48%) Opscode Chef
6 5 (1.23%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 2 (0.49%) Kubernetes
7 2 (0.49%) SCCM
7 2 (0.49%) vCenter Server
8 1 (0.25%) Capistrano
Vendors
1 58 (14.32%) Microsoft
2 31 (7.65%) Google
3 24 (5.93%) Xamarin
4 18 (4.44%) Oracle
5 15 (3.70%) IBM
6 11 (2.72%) BMC
6 11 (2.72%) Remedy
7 10 (2.47%) Twitter
8 9 (2.22%) Apple
9 8 (1.98%) Splunk
10 7 (1.73%) Atlassian
10 7 (1.73%) webMethods
11 6 (1.48%) Adobe
12 4 (0.99%) Zend
13 3 (0.74%) hybris
14 2 (0.49%) Perforce
14 2 (0.49%) SAP
14 2 (0.49%) VMware
15 1 (0.25%) Salesforce.com
15 1 (0.25%) Sitecore