The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 October 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
24 Oct 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
+1 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4390 3794 3459
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.52% 7.23% 6.35%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.84% 24.95% 23.03%
Number of daily rates quoted 2995 2551 2152
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £220 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+16.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 43 79 90
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £23.06
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +51.76%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.60 £15.96 £13.03
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £66.80 £45.25 £40.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £24.50
% change year-on-year
- +42.85%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15771 15204 15018
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.02% 28.99% 27.56%
Number of daily rates quoted 10491 9867 8994
Average daily rate £378 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+0.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 284 376
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +16.66%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £18.02 £14.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.00 £46.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year
- +16.66%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 October 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 October 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 October 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 4080 £375 +13.63% 2144
London +5 2035 £391 +7.93% 613
South East -1 627 £340 +4.61% 400
City of London -1 422 £380 +1.33% 169
East of England +2 282 £390 +30.00% 136
North West +2 254 £328 +9.16% 311
South West -11 231 £335 +17.54% 214
Yorkshire +6 210 £315 +5.00% 198
West Midlands +6 197 £320 +13.77% 119
Manchester +5 170 £330 +5.60% 182
Scotland -5 162 £350 +16.47% 73
Berkshire -11 159 £350 - 74
West Yorkshire +4 136 £325 +8.33% 108
East Midlands +9 133 £325 +23.80% 113
Surrey +21 125 £325 +8.33% 63
Leeds +7 100 £325 +13.04% 59
Hampshire -11 97 £350 +11.55% 97
North East +13 93 £375 +15.38% 40
Essex +15 84 £425 +41.66% 13
Hertfordshire +2 84 £387 +28.95% 37
Birmingham +12 83 £363 +26.08% 29
Tyne and Wear +10 83 £375 +15.38% 36
Newcastle upon Tyne +6 80 £375 +15.38% 31
Glasgow -1 79 £330 +20.00% 36
Oxfordshire -1 75 £350 +27.27% 51
Bristol -6 73 £335 +34.00% 49
Edinburgh -7 69 £350 +15.13% 22
Reading -5 68 £375 +7.14% 23
Wales +16 60 £338 +50.00% 31
Northamptonshire +17 58 £403 +61.00% 18

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 October 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7879 (94.09%) HTML
2 6457 (77.11%) JavaScript
3 3565 (42.57%) HTML5
4 3325 (39.71%) jQuery
5 3051 (36.43%) Agile Software Development
6 2807 (33.52%) CSS3
7 2210 (26.39%) .NET
8 2071 (24.73%) MVC
9 1888 (22.55%) C#
10 1606 (19.18%) Java
11 1569 (18.74%) ASP.NET
12 1533 (18.31%) PHP
13 1475 (17.61%) TDD
14 1399 (16.71%) SQL
15 1395 (16.66%) XML
16 1390 (16.60%) OO
17 1339 (15.99%) Ajax
18 1288 (15.38%) AngularJS
19 1282 (15.31%) SQL Server
20 1163 (13.89%) Web Development
21 1139 (13.60%) User Experience
22 1120 (13.37%) MySQL
23 1110 (13.26%) Git (software)
24 1061 (12.67%) Web Services
25 984 (11.75%) Scrum
26 978 (11.68%) Responsive Web Design
27 894 (10.68%) E-Commerce
28 803 (9.59%) JSON
29 796 (9.51%) CMS
30 792 (9.46%) Linux

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 24 October 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 796 (9.51%) CMS
2 634 (7.57%) Node.js
3 488 (5.83%) SharePoint
4 395 (4.72%) Apache
5 295 (3.52%) Drupal
6 291 (3.48%) IIS
7 261 (3.12%) Tomcat
8 241 (2.88%) WordPress
9 238 (2.84%) SharePoint 2013
10 196 (2.34%) SharePoint 2010
11 147 (1.76%) Umbraco
12 144 (1.72%) WebSphere
13 138 (1.65%) JBoss
14 106 (1.27%) Sitecore CMS
15 97 (1.16%) Adobe CQ
16 86 (1.03%) WebLogic
17 62 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
18 50 (0.60%) Joomla!
18 50 (0.60%) Confluence
19 48 (0.57%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 701 (8.37%) Photoshop
2 371 (4.43%) Adobe Illustrator
3 195 (2.33%) MS Excel
4 99 (1.18%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 85 (1.02%) Fireworks
6 57 (0.68%) MS Office
7 48 (0.57%) InDesign
8 45 (0.54%) InfoPath
9 33 (0.39%) OmniGraffle
10 25 (0.30%) MS PowerPoint
11 21 (0.25%) MS Visio
12 18 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
13 17 (0.20%) Acrobat
14 10 (0.12%) Adobe Captivate
15 8 (0.096%) MS Project
16 5 (0.060%) Spreadsheet
16 5 (0.060%) GIMP
17 3 (0.036%) AutoCAD
17 3 (0.036%) PaintShop Pro
18 2 (0.024%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 165 (1.97%) Magento
2 100 (1.19%) Dynamics CRM
3 51 (0.61%) Google Analytics
4 27 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 23 (0.27%) SiteCatalyst
6 20 (0.24%) WebTrends
7 16 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
8 13 (0.16%) Tridion
9 12 (0.14%) Summit
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
11 8 (0.096%) ION MarketView
11 8 (0.096%) RMDS
12 7 (0.084%) Oracle Payables
13 5 (0.060%) osCommerce
13 5 (0.060%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 4 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
15 3 (0.036%) Remedy AR System
15 3 (0.036%) Dynamics NAV
15 3 (0.036%) Oracle CRM
15 3 (0.036%) Cordys
Cloud Services
1 117 (1.40%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (0.87%) GitHub
3 66 (0.79%) Amazon AWS
4 63 (0.75%) SaaS
5 53 (0.63%) Office 365
6 49 (0.59%) Amazon EC2
7 30 (0.36%) Amazon S3
8 24 (0.29%) Heroku
9 16 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
10 15 (0.18%) Force.com
11 5 (0.060%) PaaS
11 5 (0.060%) Google App Engine
12 4 (0.048%) Basecamp
13 3 (0.036%) Amazon SQS
13 3 (0.036%) Trello
14 2 (0.024%) Joyent
15 1 (0.012%) Google Apps
15 1 (0.012%) Amazon ELB
15 1 (0.012%) OpenShift
15 1 (0.012%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 259 (3.09%) HTTP
2 229 (2.73%) Internet
3 147 (1.76%) Intranet
4 77 (0.92%) LDAP
5 44 (0.53%) Firewall
6 37 (0.44%) FTP
7 36 (0.43%) HTTPS
8 35 (0.42%) TCP/IP
9 31 (0.37%) DNS
9 31 (0.37%) SSH
10 21 (0.25%) Cisco Nexus
11 20 (0.24%) SSL
12 19 (0.23%) SNMP
12 19 (0.23%) SMTP
12 19 (0.23%) BIG-IP
13 18 (0.21%) Extranet
14 16 (0.19%) BGP
14 16 (0.19%) VPN
15 15 (0.18%) OSPF
15 15 (0.18%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1282 (15.31%) SQL Server
2 1120 (13.37%) MySQL
3 461 (5.51%) Relational Database
4 342 (4.08%) SQL Server 2008
5 191 (2.28%) MongoDB
6 165 (1.97%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 151 (1.80%) NoSQL
8 147 (1.76%) RDBMS
9 144 (1.72%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 136 (1.62%) SQL Server 2012
11 131 (1.56%) Oracle Database
12 121 (1.44%) PostgreSQL
13 86 (1.03%) SQL Server 2005
14 69 (0.82%) Apache Cassandra
15 65 (0.78%) Redis
16 62 (0.74%) Oracle Database 11g
17 49 (0.59%) MariaDB
17 49 (0.59%) Big Data
18 46 (0.55%) Data Warehouse
19 40 (0.48%) Oracle Database 10g
Development Applications
1 1110 (13.26%) Git (software)
2 714 (8.53%) Subversion
3 486 (5.80%) Visual Studio
4 294 (3.51%) Team Foundation Server
5 259 (3.09%) Grunt
6 250 (2.99%) Jasmine
6 250 (2.99%) JUnit
7 247 (2.95%) Selenium
8 227 (2.71%) Eclipse
9 218 (2.60%) JIRA
10 205 (2.45%) Maven
11 183 (2.19%) Jenkins
12 180 (2.15%) Cucumber
13 142 (1.70%) NUnit
14 141 (1.68%) Dreamweaver
15 132 (1.58%) Axure RP
16 123 (1.47%) Ant
17 109 (1.30%) WebDriver
18 90 (1.07%) Bower
19 83 (0.99%) TeamCity
General
1 736 (8.79%) Finance
2 403 (4.81%) Marketing
3 309 (3.69%) Banking
4 296 (3.53%) Retail
5 148 (1.77%) Publishing
6 115 (1.37%) Advertising
7 104 (1.24%) Telecoms
8 103 (1.23%) Games
9 88 (1.05%) Legal
10 86 (1.03%) Investment Banking
11 79 (0.94%) Manufacturing
12 47 (0.56%) Front Office
13 39 (0.47%) Electronics
14 34 (0.41%) Financial Institution
15 31 (0.37%) Back Office
16 28 (0.33%) Multimedia
17 23 (0.27%) Law
18 22 (0.26%) Automotive
19 15 (0.18%) Pharmaceutical
20 12 (0.14%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6886 (82.23%) Developer
2 1623 (19.38%) Front-End Developer
3 1169 (13.96%) Web Developer
4 907 (10.83%) .NET Developer
5 625 (7.46%) Senior Developer
6 601 (7.18%) Java Developer
7 585 (6.99%) Designer
8 577 (6.89%) PHP Developer
9 550 (6.57%) JavaScript Developer
10 423 (5.05%) C# Developer
11 320 (3.82%) UI Developer
12 304 (3.63%) UI Programmer
13 302 (3.61%) C# .NET Developer
14 300 (3.58%) ASP.NET Developer
15 244 (2.91%) Front-End Web Developer
16 227 (2.71%) SharePoint Developer
17 195 (2.33%) Web Designer
18 186 (2.22%) UX Designer
19 181 (2.16%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 162 (1.93%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7879 (94.09%) HTML
2 3565 (42.57%) HTML5
3 3325 (39.71%) jQuery
4 2807 (33.52%) CSS3
5 2210 (26.39%) .NET
6 1569 (18.74%) ASP.NET
7 1395 (16.66%) XML
8 1339 (15.99%) Ajax
9 1288 (15.38%) AngularJS
10 1061 (12.67%) Web Services
11 803 (9.59%) JSON
12 778 (9.29%) Backbone.js
13 681 (8.13%) ASP.NET MVC
14 617 (7.37%) XHTML
15 590 (7.05%) Spring
16 561 (6.70%) REST
17 553 (6.60%) Sass
18 527 (6.29%) .NET Framework
19 513 (6.13%) JSP
20 512 (6.11%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 1139 (13.60%) User Experience
2 394 (4.71%) Mobile App
3 370 (4.42%) Open Source
4 280 (3.34%) Analytical Skills
5 259 (3.09%) W3C
6 232 (2.77%) Computer Science
7 187 (2.23%) Visualisation
8 164 (1.96%) Enterprise Software
9 103 (1.23%) Social Media
10 89 (1.06%) Digital Media
11 71 (0.85%) Graphic Design
12 62 (0.74%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 61 (0.73%) Inversion of Control
14 60 (0.72%) iPad
14 60 (0.72%) Animation
15 59 (0.70%) iPhone
16 57 (0.68%) N-Tier
17 50 (0.60%) Management Information System
17 50 (0.60%) E-Learning
18 43 (0.51%) GIS
Operating Systems
1 792 (9.46%) Linux
2 496 (5.92%) UNIX
3 403 (4.81%) Windows
4 291 (3.48%) Apple iOS
5 284 (3.39%) Android
6 217 (2.59%) Mac OS X
7 71 (0.85%) Windows Server 2008
8 41 (0.49%) Solaris
9 31 (0.37%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 28 (0.33%) CentOS
10 28 (0.33%) AIX
11 22 (0.26%) Windows Phone
12 20 (0.24%) Ubuntu
12 20 (0.24%) Mac OS
13 18 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
14 16 (0.19%) Windows 7
14 16 (0.19%) Windows Mobile
15 11 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
15 11 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
16 10 (0.12%) VMS
Processes & Methodologies
1 3051 (36.43%) Agile Software Development
2 2071 (24.73%) MVC
3 1475 (17.61%) TDD
4 1390 (16.60%) OO
5 1163 (13.89%) Web Development
6 984 (11.75%) Scrum
7 978 (11.68%) Responsive Web Design
8 894 (10.68%) E-Commerce
9 609 (7.27%) Web Design
10 561 (6.70%) BDD
11 510 (6.09%) Unit Testing
12 481 (5.74%) Continuous Integration
13 426 (5.09%) OOP
14 289 (3.45%) Content Management
15 260 (3.10%) Software Engineering
16 230 (2.75%) SOA
17 221 (2.64%) CRM
18 206 (2.46%) Configuration Management
18 206 (2.46%) Mentoring
19 196 (2.34%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 6457 (77.11%) JavaScript
2 1888 (22.55%) C#
3 1606 (19.18%) Java
4 1533 (18.31%) PHP
5 1399 (16.71%) SQL
6 494 (5.90%) Ruby
7 381 (4.55%) Python
8 260 (3.10%) T-SQL
9 201 (2.40%) PL/SQL
10 180 (2.15%) VB.NET
11 179 (2.14%) PHP5
12 172 (2.05%) Scala
13 165 (1.97%) Perl
14 95 (1.13%) C++
15 76 (0.91%) VB
16 74 (0.88%) Shell Script
17 71 (0.85%) C
18 65 (0.78%) VBScript
19 63 (0.75%) ActionScript
20 60 (0.72%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 460 (5.49%) Degree
2 204 (2.44%) Security Cleared
3 113 (1.35%) SC Cleared
4 36 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
5 24 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
6 20 (0.24%) ISEB
7 17 (0.20%) CCNA
8 11 (0.13%) DV Cleared
9 10 (0.12%) Sun Certification
10 9 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.11%) CCNP
11 8 (0.096%) MCSD
11 8 (0.096%) MCPD
11 8 (0.096%) OCPJP
11 8 (0.096%) MCTS
12 6 (0.072%) ISTQB
12 6 (0.072%) BC Cleared
12 6 (0.072%) MCP
13 4 (0.048%) MCSE
13 4 (0.048%) CCDA
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 237 (2.83%) QA
2 43 (0.51%) ISO 9001
2 43 (0.51%) WCAG
3 28 (0.33%) WAI
4 24 (0.29%) SLA
5 14 (0.17%) HL7
6 11 (0.13%) ISO 14001
7 9 (0.11%) COBIT
8 6 (0.072%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.024%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.024%) Section 508
9 2 (0.024%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 41 (0.49%) Active Directory
2 36 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
3 13 (0.16%) Varnish
3 13 (0.16%) Docker
4 12 (0.14%) Shibboleth
4 12 (0.14%) VMware ESX
5 11 (0.13%) VirtualBox
6 7 (0.084%) Veritas Cluster Server
6 7 (0.084%) NFS
7 6 (0.072%) vCloud
8 4 (0.048%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.048%) ProxySG
9 3 (0.036%) RHEV
10 2 (0.024%) LXC
10 2 (0.024%) Oracle RAC
10 2 (0.024%) KVM
10 2 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
10 2 (0.024%) DFS Replication
10 2 (0.024%) IAG
10 2 (0.024%) UAG
Systems Management
1 55 (0.66%) Puppet
2 37 (0.44%) Vagrant
3 19 (0.23%) OpenSSO
4 15 (0.18%) Opscode Chef
5 12 (0.14%) Graylog2
5 12 (0.14%) Capistrano
5 12 (0.14%) OPNET
6 9 (0.11%) Ansible
7 4 (0.048%) Kibana
7 4 (0.048%) HP Quality Center
8 3 (0.036%) Tivoli Identity Manager
8 3 (0.036%) Control-M
9 2 (0.024%) Nagios
9 2 (0.024%) CA SiteMinder
9 2 (0.024%) NetBackup
9 2 (0.024%) SCOM
9 2 (0.024%) HP Data Protector
9 2 (0.024%) ZABBIX
9 2 (0.024%) Cacti
9 2 (0.024%) logstash
Vendors
1 671 (8.01%) Microsoft
2 510 (6.09%) Oracle
3 475 (5.67%) Adobe
4 256 (3.06%) Zend
5 159 (1.90%) Google
6 127 (1.52%) Twitter
7 126 (1.50%) Sitecore
8 101 (1.21%) IBM
9 77 (0.92%) EPiServer
10 74 (0.88%) Salesforce.com
11 65 (0.78%) hybris
12 61 (0.73%) Facebook
13 47 (0.56%) VMware
13 47 (0.56%) SAP
14 40 (0.48%) Cisco
15 39 (0.47%) Sencha
16 38 (0.45%) Red Hat
17 32 (0.38%) Ektron
17 32 (0.38%) ServiceNow
18 31 (0.37%) BMC
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £200 - £250 Per Day
Posted: 59 minutes ago
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 1 hour ago
Godalming, Surrey
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: Up to £350
Posted: 1 hour ago
Guildford, Surrey
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £300/£350 DOE
Posted: 1 hour ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Optimus Search Ltd
Rate: £450 - £550 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
City, London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £400.00 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 2 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Vitamin T
Rate: From £26,000 to £27,000 per annum £26K - £27K + benefits
Posted: 2 hours ago
South West London
Timothy James Consulting Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Search Consultancy
Posted: 2 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Sanderson
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Kingsbridge, Devon
Connectus
Rate: £300 - £325 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Venturi
Rate: £200 - £250 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £400 - £425 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Solutions Recruitment
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Opilio Recruitment
Rate: £16k - 18k per year + benefits
Posted: 6 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £220 - £320 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago