The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 29 August 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
29 Aug 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
+1 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4248 3751 3504
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.51% 7.12% 6.06%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.06% 24.85% 22.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 2779 2469 2264
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £338 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.70% +3.84%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £245 £220 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £490 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 62 50 80
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +16.66%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.50 £15.10
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £71.00 £49.77 £42.45
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £29.50
% change year-on-year
- +18.64%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15698 15095 15547
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.76% 28.64% 26.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 9962 9698 9555
Average daily rate £375 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £265 £260 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 222 265 367
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £33.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +4.47%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £71.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 29 August 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 29 August 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 29 August 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 3932 £350 +2.94% 1849
London +5 2067 £388 +3.33% 662
South East +1 564 £325 - 314
City of London +2 422 £375 +0.67% 204
East of England +3 269 £339 +4.23% 115
North West +3 250 £325 +8.33% 230
South West -3 234 £338 +12.50% 131
West Midlands -2 197 £300 +6.19% 88
Yorkshire +2 169 £288 +4.54% 153
Manchester +3 167 £325 +8.33% 137
Scotland 0 158 £350 +21.73% 83
Berkshire 0 149 £350 - 42
Hampshire -5 122 £350 +7.69% 70
East Midlands +3 113 £275 +3.77% 113
West Yorkshire 0 113 £276 +0.45% 86
Leeds +1 88 £253 -4.17% 45
Surrey +24 87 £316 -2.69% 55
Hertfordshire -2 82 £360 +22.03% 28
Edinburgh +1 71 £375 +25.00% 22
Birmingham -2 70 £325 +18.18% 35
Cambridgeshire +3 68 £313 -10.71% 43
Bristol -4 68 £350 +40.00% 37
Glasgow +2 67 £306 +11.09% 45
Reading +12 58 £341 +0.36% 15
Wales +21 52 £300 +23.71% 29
Brighton -2 51 £250 -16.66% 25
East Sussex -4 51 £250 -16.66% 33
Essex +16 50 £390 +56.00% 8
Leicestershire +11 49 £275 -4.34% 31
South Wales +23 48 £300 +13.20% 21

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 29 August 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7544 (93.61%) HTML
2 6236 (77.38%) JavaScript
3 3425 (42.50%) HTML5
4 3325 (41.26%) jQuery
5 2705 (33.56%) CSS3
6 2191 (27.19%) .NET
7 1908 (23.68%) MVC
8 1887 (23.41%) C#
9 1576 (19.56%) ASP.NET
10 1563 (19.39%) Agile Software Development
11 1526 (18.94%) PHP
12 1494 (18.54%) Java
13 1371 (17.01%) XML
14 1365 (16.94%) TDD
15 1337 (16.59%) OO
16 1287 (15.97%) SQL Server
17 1283 (15.92%) Ajax
18 1276 (15.83%) SQL
19 1132 (14.05%) Web Development
20 1080 (13.40%) AngularJS
21 1077 (13.36%) MySQL
22 1017 (12.62%) Git (software)
23 974 (12.09%) Web Services
24 921 (11.43%) Responsive Web Design
25 861 (10.68%) Scrum
26 844 (10.47%) E-Commerce
27 775 (9.62%) Backbone.js
28 767 (9.52%) JSON
29 757 (9.39%) CMS
30 745 (9.24%) Linux

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 29 August 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 757 (9.39%) CMS
2 538 (6.68%) Node.js
3 443 (5.50%) SharePoint
4 332 (4.12%) Apache
5 268 (3.33%) Drupal
6 259 (3.21%) IIS
7 234 (2.90%) WordPress
8 229 (2.84%) Tomcat
9 212 (2.63%) SharePoint 2013
10 200 (2.48%) SharePoint 2010
11 164 (2.03%) Umbraco
12 130 (1.61%) WebSphere
13 126 (1.56%) Sitecore CMS
14 98 (1.22%) Adobe CQ
15 84 (1.04%) WebLogic
16 55 (0.68%) Confluence
17 43 (0.53%) Elasticsearch
17 43 (0.53%) Joomla!
18 42 (0.52%) SharePoint Server
19 39 (0.48%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 689 (8.55%) Photoshop
2 389 (4.83%) Adobe Illustrator
3 184 (2.28%) MS Excel
4 85 (1.05%) Fireworks
5 64 (0.79%) InDesign
6 60 (0.74%) MS Office
7 55 (0.68%) InfoPath
8 41 (0.51%) OmniGraffle
9 24 (0.30%) MS Visio
10 23 (0.29%) MS PowerPoint
11 15 (0.19%) Adobe After Effects
11 15 (0.19%) Acrobat
12 13 (0.16%) Adobe Captivate
13 6 (0.074%) MS Project
14 5 (0.062%) GIMP
15 4 (0.050%) PaintShop Pro
16 3 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
17 2 (0.025%) Adobe Premiere
17 2 (0.025%) RoboHelp
17 2 (0.025%) PowerPivot
Business Applications
1 153 (1.90%) Magento
2 72 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
3 43 (0.53%) Google Analytics
4 26 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 25 (0.31%) SiteCatalyst
6 24 (0.30%) Dynamics AX
7 18 (0.22%) WebTrends
8 11 (0.14%) Tridion
9 10 (0.12%) Summit
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
11 6 (0.074%) Remedy ITSM
12 5 (0.062%) ION MarketView
12 5 (0.062%) Oracle Payables
12 5 (0.062%) RMDS
13 4 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
14 3 (0.037%) Shopify
14 3 (0.037%) osCommerce
14 3 (0.037%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 3 (0.037%) Remedy AR System
14 3 (0.037%) Dynamics NAV
Cloud Services
1 115 (1.43%) Microsoft Azure
2 74 (0.92%) GitHub
3 69 (0.86%) SaaS
3 69 (0.86%) Amazon AWS
4 47 (0.58%) Office 365
5 36 (0.45%) Amazon EC2
6 24 (0.30%) Amazon S3
7 17 (0.21%) Heroku
7 17 (0.21%) Cloud Computing
8 12 (0.15%) Force.com
9 10 (0.12%) Google App Engine
10 8 (0.099%) PaaS
11 5 (0.062%) Rackspace Cloud
12 4 (0.050%) Basecamp
12 4 (0.050%) Joyent
13 3 (0.037%) Google Compute Engine
13 3 (0.037%) Trello
14 2 (0.025%) Google Apps
15 1 (0.012%) CloudFront
15 1 (0.012%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 244 (3.03%) HTTP
2 227 (2.82%) Internet
3 129 (1.60%) Intranet
4 68 (0.84%) LDAP
5 46 (0.57%) Firewall
6 31 (0.38%) DNS
7 28 (0.35%) FTP
8 26 (0.32%) SSH
9 25 (0.31%) SMTP
9 25 (0.31%) TCP/IP
10 20 (0.25%) VPN
10 20 (0.25%) SSL
11 18 (0.22%) Extranet
12 17 (0.21%) HTTPS
13 16 (0.20%) Cisco Nexus
14 15 (0.19%) WAN
15 14 (0.17%) SAN
15 14 (0.17%) BIG-IP
16 13 (0.16%) Cisco ASA
17 10 (0.12%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1287 (15.97%) SQL Server
2 1077 (13.36%) MySQL
3 408 (5.06%) Relational Database
4 345 (4.28%) SQL Server 2008
5 183 (2.27%) MongoDB
6 171 (2.12%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 147 (1.82%) NoSQL
8 139 (1.72%) SQL Server 2012
9 136 (1.69%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 127 (1.58%) RDBMS
11 111 (1.38%) PostgreSQL
12 97 (1.20%) Oracle Database
13 92 (1.14%) SQL Server 2005
14 67 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
15 58 (0.72%) Big Data
16 48 (0.60%) Redis
17 42 (0.52%) Oracle Database 11g
18 35 (0.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
19 29 (0.36%) RavenDB
20 26 (0.32%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 1017 (12.62%) Git (software)
2 722 (8.96%) Subversion
3 499 (6.19%) Visual Studio
4 266 (3.30%) JUnit
5 236 (2.93%) Team Foundation Server
6 231 (2.87%) Jasmine
7 220 (2.73%) Maven
8 219 (2.72%) Grunt
9 198 (2.46%) Selenium
10 191 (2.37%) Eclipse
11 186 (2.31%) Jenkins
12 177 (2.20%) JIRA
13 166 (2.06%) Cucumber
14 128 (1.59%) NUnit
15 125 (1.55%) Ant
16 119 (1.48%) Axure RP
17 117 (1.45%) Dreamweaver
18 99 (1.23%) WebDriver
19 97 (1.20%) TeamCity
20 83 (1.03%) Hudson
General
1 684 (8.49%) Finance
2 357 (4.43%) Marketing
3 305 (3.78%) Retail
4 266 (3.30%) Banking
5 156 (1.94%) Publishing
6 123 (1.53%) Advertising
7 115 (1.43%) Telecoms
8 100 (1.24%) Games
9 84 (1.04%) Manufacturing
10 77 (0.96%) Investment Banking
11 75 (0.93%) Legal
12 39 (0.48%) Front Office
13 38 (0.47%) Electronics
14 36 (0.45%) Back Office
15 34 (0.42%) Financial Institution
16 24 (0.30%) Multimedia
17 22 (0.27%) Automotive
18 17 (0.21%) Law
19 15 (0.19%) Pharmaceutical
20 13 (0.16%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6660 (82.64%) Developer
2 1556 (19.31%) Front-End Developer
3 1216 (15.09%) Web Developer
4 955 (11.85%) .NET Developer
5 571 (7.09%) PHP Developer
6 563 (6.99%) Designer
7 558 (6.92%) JavaScript Developer
8 541 (6.71%) Java Developer
9 493 (6.12%) Senior Developer
10 425 (5.27%) C# Developer
11 344 (4.27%) UI Developer
12 319 (3.96%) UI Programmer
13 312 (3.87%) ASP.NET Developer
14 304 (3.77%) C# .NET Developer
15 255 (3.16%) Front-End Web Developer
16 224 (2.78%) SharePoint Developer
17 181 (2.25%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 177 (2.20%) Web Designer
19 174 (2.16%) User Experience Designer
20 165 (2.05%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7544 (93.61%) HTML
2 3425 (42.50%) HTML5
3 3325 (41.26%) jQuery
4 2705 (33.56%) CSS3
5 2191 (27.19%) .NET
6 1576 (19.56%) ASP.NET
7 1371 (17.01%) XML
8 1283 (15.92%) Ajax
9 1080 (13.40%) AngularJS
10 974 (12.09%) Web Services
11 775 (9.62%) Backbone.js
12 767 (9.52%) JSON
13 663 (8.23%) ASP.NET MVC
14 616 (7.64%) XHTML
15 543 (6.74%) .NET Framework
16 518 (6.43%) Spring
17 479 (5.94%) Sass
18 472 (5.86%) REST
19 471 (5.84%) JSP
20 451 (5.60%) WCF
Miscellaneous
1 389 (4.83%) Mobile App
2 341 (4.23%) Open Source
3 253 (3.14%) W3C
4 212 (2.63%) Computer Science
5 145 (1.80%) Enterprise Software
6 121 (1.50%) Visualisation
7 102 (1.27%) Social Media
8 83 (1.03%) Graphic Design
9 80 (0.99%) Digital Media
10 69 (0.86%) iPhone
11 68 (0.84%) iPad
12 53 (0.66%) Animation
13 52 (0.65%) E-Learning
14 51 (0.63%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 50 (0.62%) N-Tier
16 46 (0.57%) GIS
16 46 (0.57%) Management Information System
16 46 (0.57%) Inversion of Control
17 44 (0.55%) RIA
18 39 (0.48%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 745 (9.24%) Linux
2 424 (5.26%) UNIX
3 415 (5.15%) Windows
4 313 (3.88%) Apple iOS
5 289 (3.59%) Android
6 182 (2.26%) Mac OS X
7 62 (0.77%) Windows Server 2008
8 55 (0.68%) Solaris
9 39 (0.48%) AIX
10 26 (0.32%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 23 (0.29%) CentOS
12 20 (0.25%) Windows Mobile
12 20 (0.25%) Mac OS
13 18 (0.22%) Windows 7
14 17 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
15 16 (0.20%) Windows Phone
16 14 (0.17%) Fedora
16 14 (0.17%) Ubuntu
17 13 (0.16%) Windows 8
18 11 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 1908 (23.68%) MVC
2 1563 (19.39%) Agile Software Development
3 1365 (16.94%) TDD
4 1337 (16.59%) OO
5 1132 (14.05%) Web Development
6 921 (11.43%) Responsive Web Design
7 861 (10.68%) Scrum
8 844 (10.47%) E-Commerce
9 546 (6.78%) Web Design
10 517 (6.42%) BDD
11 504 (6.25%) Unit Testing
12 469 (5.82%) Continuous Integration
13 467 (5.79%) OOP
14 310 (3.85%) Content Management
15 273 (3.39%) Software Engineering
16 209 (2.59%) SOA
17 202 (2.51%) SEO
18 187 (2.32%) CRM
19 179 (2.22%) Configuration Management
20 172 (2.13%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 6236 (77.38%) JavaScript
2 1887 (23.41%) C#
3 1526 (18.94%) PHP
4 1494 (18.54%) Java
5 1276 (15.83%) SQL
6 410 (5.09%) Ruby
7 321 (3.98%) Python
8 280 (3.47%) T-SQL
9 198 (2.46%) PHP5
10 195 (2.42%) VB.NET
11 185 (2.30%) PL/SQL
12 145 (1.80%) Scala
13 141 (1.75%) Perl
14 96 (1.19%) C++
15 87 (1.08%) VB
16 68 (0.84%) C
17 62 (0.77%) Shell Script
18 61 (0.76%) ActionScript
19 59 (0.73%) Objective-C
20 53 (0.66%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 438 (5.43%) Degree
2 178 (2.21%) Security Cleared
3 114 (1.41%) SC Cleared
4 48 (0.60%) Microsoft Certification
5 18 (0.22%) Cisco Certification
6 12 (0.15%) Sun Certification
7 11 (0.14%) MCSD
8 10 (0.12%) MCPD
8 10 (0.12%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
10 8 (0.099%) CCNP
10 8 (0.099%) OCPJP
10 8 (0.099%) MCTS
11 7 (0.087%) CCNA
11 7 (0.087%) ISEB
12 6 (0.074%) MCP
13 5 (0.062%) ISTQB
13 5 (0.062%) MCSE
14 4 (0.050%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 4 (0.050%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 221 (2.74%) QA
2 45 (0.56%) WCAG
2 45 (0.56%) ISO 9001
3 29 (0.36%) WAI
4 20 (0.25%) SLA
5 12 (0.15%) HL7
6 10 (0.12%) ISO 14001
7 9 (0.11%) COBIT
8 5 (0.062%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.025%) Section 508
9 2 (0.025%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.012%) EMIR
10 1 (0.012%) Dodd-Frank
10 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
10 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 49 (0.61%) Active Directory
2 23 (0.29%) VMware Infrastructure
3 19 (0.24%) Varnish
4 14 (0.17%) VirtualBox
5 9 (0.11%) Shibboleth
6 8 (0.099%) VMware ESX
6 8 (0.099%) Docker
7 4 (0.050%) NFS
7 4 (0.050%) RHEV
7 4 (0.050%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 4 (0.050%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.037%) UAG
8 3 (0.037%) vCloud
8 3 (0.037%) KVM
8 3 (0.037%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.037%) ProxySG
9 2 (0.025%) DFS Replication
9 2 (0.025%) IAG
9 2 (0.025%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.012%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 49 (0.61%) Puppet
2 23 (0.29%) OpenSSO
2 23 (0.29%) Vagrant
3 15 (0.19%) Capistrano
4 14 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
5 8 (0.099%) Ansible
6 6 (0.074%) Control-M
6 6 (0.074%) HP Quality Center
7 5 (0.062%) Kibana
8 4 (0.050%) OPNET
8 4 (0.050%) Nagios
8 4 (0.050%) Graylog2
9 3 (0.037%) ZABBIX
9 3 (0.037%) Cacti
9 3 (0.037%) logstash
9 3 (0.037%) HP Data Protector
9 3 (0.037%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.025%) CA SiteMinder
10 2 (0.025%) SCOM
10 2 (0.025%) HP UCMDB
Vendors
1 606 (7.52%) Microsoft
2 496 (6.15%) Adobe
3 486 (6.03%) Oracle
4 276 (3.42%) Zend
5 153 (1.90%) Sitecore
6 128 (1.59%) Twitter
7 125 (1.55%) Google
8 101 (1.25%) JBoss
9 82 (1.02%) IBM
10 75 (0.93%) EPiServer
11 64 (0.79%) hybris
12 63 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
13 58 (0.72%) SAP
14 52 (0.65%) Facebook
15 43 (0.53%) Sencha
15 43 (0.53%) Red Hat
16 33 (0.41%) Cisco
17 30 (0.37%) HP
18 29 (0.36%) VMware
19 28 (0.35%) BMC
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 37 minutes ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
Montash
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 41 minutes ago
Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Roc Search
Posted: 2 hours ago
Hertfordshire
Volt
Posted: 2 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £260 - £310 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Berkshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £350 - £425 per day + Negotiable
Posted: 3 hours ago
City, London
Aston Carter
Rate: £600 - £700 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
4it Recruitment Ltd
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day 3 Months initially
Posted: 3 hours ago
Hereford, Herefordshire
People Source Consulting
Rate: £500 per annum
Posted: 3 hours ago
Berkshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Roc Search
Posted: 16 hours ago
Kingston Upon Thames, Surrey
Informatiq Consulting
Rate: £45000 per annum
Posted: 16 hours ago
Bromley, Kent
Hays London City Projects
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per annum
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Premier Group Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Telford, Shropshire
Roc Search
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Roc Search
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Roc Search
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago