The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 1 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
1 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 24 19
Rank change year-on-year
+6 -5
Contract jobs citing CSS 4232 3817 4108
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.57% 6.73% 7.52%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.46% 25.11% 27.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 3044 2537 2813
Median daily rate £388 £360 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.63% +2.85%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £475 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 26 41 36
Median hourly rate £21.64 £32.50 £32.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-33.41% +1.56%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £9.00 £16.43 £16.89
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.47 £45.60 £71.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £22.60 £36.50 £32.00
% change year-on-year
-38.07% +14.06%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15410 15204 14820
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.57% 26.80% 27.12%
Number of daily rates quoted 10764 9851 9713
Median daily rate £413 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.45% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £278 £265
10% offered a daily rate of more than £570 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £338
% change year-on-year
+7.14% +3.70%
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 204 205
Median hourly rate £33.55 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-4.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £17.86 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £47.00 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-5.40% +5.71%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 1 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 1 May 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 1 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +5 3936 £400 +11.11% 1980
London +6 1980 £425 +9.67% 745
South East +8 690 £350 +7.69% 303
North West +14 322 £375 +13.63% 226
City of London +4 274 £425 +13.33% 125
Yorkshire 0 237 £400 +21.21% 173
West Midlands -1 211 £350 +11.55% 170
South West -2 202 £350 - 129
West Yorkshire +1 177 £425 +30.76% 102
Manchester +5 155 £375 +15.38% 129
Leeds +2 145 £425 +25.92% 77
Scotland -12 136 £325 - 57
West Sussex +15 130 £420 +12.00% 16
East of England -11 121 £350 +7.69% 125
Hampshire +16 112 £325 - 76
Cheshire +1 112 £396 +2.58% 36
East Midlands +2 109 £295 -1.66% 81
Wales +13 100 £375 - 17
Berkshire -25 95 £375 +7.14% 48
Surrey +7 86 £400 +11.11% 50
Worthing +4 86 £425 -5.55% 7
South Wales +15 83 £375 - 12
Oxfordshire +24 73 £350 +27.27% 27
Kent +11 71 £330 +1.53% 20
North East -2 66 £385 +18.46% 24
Cardiff +8 64 £378 +0.66% 8
Glasgow +15 63 £310 -4.61% 31
Bristol 0 63 £363 +3.57% 46
Edinburgh -13 58 £376 +15.76% 18
Birmingham +2 57 £325 +8.33% 55

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 1 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 7479 (93.08%) HTML
2 6644 (82.69%) JavaScript
3 3670 (45.68%) Agile Software Development
4 3608 (44.90%) HTML5
5 2832 (35.25%) CSS3
6 2600 (32.36%) jQuery
7 2498 (31.09%) AngularJS
8 1989 (24.75%) Front End Development
9 1962 (24.42%) Java
10 1858 (23.12%) Web Development
11 1839 (22.89%) .NET
12 1822 (22.68%) MVC
13 1713 (21.32%) C#
14 1619 (20.15%) TDD
15 1348 (16.78%) Git (software)
16 1286 (16.00%) SQL
17 1261 (15.69%) User Experience
18 1252 (15.58%) Scrum
19 1212 (15.08%) PHP
20 1186 (14.76%) ASP.NET
21 1113 (13.85%) SQL Server
22 1084 (13.49%) OO
23 1083 (13.48%) Node.js
24 1051 (13.08%) Sass
25 1029 (12.81%) XML
26 994 (12.37%) Web Services
27 906 (11.28%) Ajax
28 887 (11.04%) Finance
29 860 (10.70%) Twitter Bootstrap
30 827 (10.29%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1083 (13.48%) Node.js
2 592 (7.37%) CMS
3 254 (3.16%) WordPress
4 248 (3.09%) Apache
5 245 (3.05%) Tomcat
6 235 (2.92%) SharePoint
7 220 (2.74%) IIS
8 194 (2.41%) Drupal
9 154 (1.92%) Confluence
10 148 (1.84%) JBoss
11 111 (1.38%) Umbraco
12 95 (1.18%) Elasticsearch
12 95 (1.18%) WebSphere
13 84 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
14 80 (1.00%) SharePoint 2013
15 70 (0.87%) WebLogic
16 63 (0.78%) Sitecore CMS
17 62 (0.77%) nginx
18 55 (0.68%) SharePoint 2010
19 49 (0.61%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 376 (4.68%) Photoshop
2 189 (2.35%) MS Excel
3 175 (2.18%) Adobe Illustrator
4 136 (1.69%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 82 (1.02%) MS Office
6 71 (0.88%) MS Visio
7 56 (0.70%) OmniGraffle
8 35 (0.44%) MS PowerPoint
9 31 (0.39%) InfoPath
10 23 (0.29%) Fireworks
11 20 (0.25%) SPSS
12 15 (0.19%) InDesign
13 11 (0.14%) Stata
14 9 (0.11%) GIMP
15 8 (0.100%) Acrobat
16 7 (0.087%) Adobe Captivate
17 4 (0.050%) MS Project
18 3 (0.037%) Edge Animate
18 3 (0.037%) Spreadsheet
19 2 (0.025%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 128 (1.59%) Magento
2 49 (0.61%) Dynamics CRM
3 43 (0.54%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 39 (0.49%) Eloqua
5 34 (0.42%) BigMachines
6 20 (0.25%) Payment Gateway
7 13 (0.16%) WebTrends
8 10 (0.12%) OpenText Process Suite
8 10 (0.12%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 8 (0.100%) SDL Web 8
10 7 (0.087%) Adobe Campaign
10 7 (0.087%) Unica
11 5 (0.062%) ION MarketView
11 5 (0.062%) Remedy ITSM
12 4 (0.050%) Dynamics AX
12 4 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
12 4 (0.050%) Salesforce.com CRM
13 3 (0.037%) Oracle EBS
13 3 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
14 2 (0.025%) Oracle BPM
Cloud Services
1 276 (3.43%) Amazon AWS
2 175 (2.18%) Microsoft Azure
3 174 (2.17%) GitHub
4 130 (1.62%) SaaS
5 61 (0.76%) Google Analytics
6 52 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
7 48 (0.60%) Office 365
8 45 (0.56%) Cloud Computing
9 32 (0.40%) Heroku
10 26 (0.32%) Force.com
11 25 (0.31%) AWS CloudFormation
12 23 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
13 20 (0.25%) Amazon S3
14 19 (0.24%) Adobe Analytics
15 15 (0.19%) Google App Engine
15 15 (0.19%) PaaS
16 14 (0.17%) MailChimp
17 12 (0.15%) CloudFront
17 12 (0.15%) Google Tag Manager
18 10 (0.12%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 456 (5.68%) HTTP
2 174 (2.17%) Internet
3 94 (1.17%) TCP/IP
4 77 (0.96%) Intranet
5 70 (0.87%) SSL
6 63 (0.78%) DNS
7 50 (0.62%) Network Security
8 36 (0.45%) LDAP
9 35 (0.44%) VPN
10 25 (0.31%) SNMP
11 24 (0.30%) Bluetooth
11 24 (0.30%) Wi-Fi
11 24 (0.30%) ZigBee
12 23 (0.29%) 802.15
12 23 (0.29%) X.509
13 20 (0.25%) SMTP
14 19 (0.24%) DHCP
14 19 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 18 (0.22%) Firewall
16 17 (0.21%) IPsec
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1113 (13.85%) SQL Server
2 825 (10.27%) MySQL
3 427 (5.31%) MongoDB
4 382 (4.75%) Relational Database
5 345 (4.29%) NoSQL
6 253 (3.15%) PostgreSQL
7 165 (2.05%) SQL Server 2008
8 120 (1.49%) Oracle Database
9 107 (1.33%) RDBMS
10 95 (1.18%) SQL Server 2012
11 91 (1.13%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 90 (1.12%) Apache Cassandra
13 76 (0.95%) Big Data
14 70 (0.87%) SQL Server Integration Services
15 64 (0.80%) Hadoop
16 62 (0.77%) Redis
17 55 (0.68%) Amazon DynamoDB
18 46 (0.57%) Neo4j
19 44 (0.55%) Apache Hive
20 43 (0.54%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 1348 (16.78%) Git (software)
2 638 (7.94%) Subversion
3 458 (5.70%) Grunt
4 362 (4.51%) Jenkins
5 361 (4.49%) JIRA
6 337 (4.19%) gulp
7 330 (4.11%) Visual Studio
8 309 (3.85%) Jasmine
9 297 (3.70%) JUnit
10 250 (3.11%) Selenium
11 246 (3.06%) Maven
12 229 (2.85%) Cucumber
13 175 (2.18%) Eclipse
14 174 (2.17%) Team Foundation Server
15 161 (2.00%) Mocha
16 143 (1.78%) Karma Test Runner
17 135 (1.68%) NUnit
18 133 (1.66%) TeamCity
19 115 (1.43%) Axure RP
20 110 (1.37%) Mockito
General
1 887 (11.04%) Finance
2 411 (5.12%) Banking
3 361 (4.49%) Marketing
4 245 (3.05%) Retail
5 131 (1.63%) Investment Banking
6 129 (1.61%) Publishing
7 122 (1.52%) Telecoms
8 100 (1.24%) Games
9 75 (0.93%) Advertising
10 71 (0.88%) Legal
11 65 (0.81%) Manufacturing
12 52 (0.65%) Electronics
13 50 (0.62%) Front Office
14 33 (0.41%) Law
15 31 (0.39%) Pharmaceutical
16 26 (0.32%) Back Office
16 26 (0.32%) Financial Institution
17 19 (0.24%) Local Government
18 15 (0.19%) Automotive
19 13 (0.16%) Military
Job Titles
1 6603 (82.18%) Developer
2 1659 (20.65%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1525 (18.98%) JavaScript Developer
4 945 (11.76%) .NET Developer
5 842 (10.48%) HTML Developer
6 818 (10.18%) Java Developer
7 803 (9.99%) Web Developer
8 700 (8.71%) Senior Developer
9 690 (8.59%) HTML CSS Developer
10 640 (7.97%) C# Developer
11 537 (6.68%) Angular Developer
12 487 (6.06%) PHP Developer
13 480 (5.97%) C# .NET Developer
14 476 (5.92%) Designer
15 472 (5.87%) UI Developer
16 372 (4.63%) Full Stack Developer
17 370 (4.60%) ASP.NET Developer
18 316 (3.93%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 294 (3.66%) Agile Developer
20 254 (3.16%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7479 (93.08%) HTML
2 3608 (44.90%) HTML5
3 2832 (35.25%) CSS3
4 2600 (32.36%) jQuery
5 2498 (31.09%) AngularJS
6 1839 (22.89%) .NET
7 1186 (14.76%) ASP.NET
8 1051 (13.08%) Sass
9 1029 (12.81%) XML
10 994 (12.37%) Web Services
11 906 (11.28%) Ajax
12 860 (10.70%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 754 (9.38%) React
14 753 (9.37%) JSON
15 742 (9.23%) Spring
16 707 (8.80%) REST
17 655 (8.15%) ASP.NET MVC
18 634 (7.89%) RESTful
19 587 (7.31%) Backbone.js
20 504 (6.27%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1261 (15.69%) User Experience
2 442 (5.50%) Mobile App
3 240 (2.99%) Computer Science
4 234 (2.91%) Analytical Skills
5 188 (2.34%) Visualisation
6 119 (1.48%) Enterprise Software
7 115 (1.43%) W3C
8 98 (1.22%) Digital Media
9 73 (0.91%) Fintech
9 73 (0.91%) iPad
10 66 (0.82%) Algorithms
11 64 (0.80%) N-Tier
12 56 (0.70%) Animation
13 55 (0.68%) Social Media
14 54 (0.67%) Data Structures
15 51 (0.63%) e-Learning
16 50 (0.62%) Inversion of Control
17 46 (0.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 45 (0.56%) Management Information System
19 41 (0.51%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 650 (8.09%) Linux
2 368 (4.58%) Unix
3 358 (4.46%) Windows
4 161 (2.00%) Android
5 140 (1.74%) Apple iOS
6 136 (1.69%) Windows Server
7 123 (1.53%) Mac OS X
8 71 (0.88%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 50 (0.62%) Windows Server 2008
10 46 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
11 39 (0.49%) Ubuntu
12 37 (0.46%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.20%) CentOS
14 15 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
15 12 (0.15%) Debian
16 11 (0.14%) zOS
17 9 (0.11%) Solaris
17 9 (0.11%) Windows 7
17 9 (0.11%) Windows 8
18 7 (0.087%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 3670 (45.68%) Agile Software Development
2 1989 (24.75%) Front End Development
3 1858 (23.12%) Web Development
4 1822 (22.68%) MVC
5 1619 (20.15%) TDD
6 1252 (15.58%) Scrum
7 1084 (13.49%) OO
8 827 (10.29%) Responsive Web Design
9 769 (9.57%) E-Commerce
10 767 (9.55%) BDD
11 717 (8.92%) Continuous Integration
12 511 (6.36%) Web Design
13 479 (5.96%) Unit Testing
14 452 (5.63%) Software Engineering
15 372 (4.63%) Open Source
16 328 (4.08%) OOP
17 309 (3.85%) Mentoring
18 287 (3.57%) Kanban
19 272 (3.39%) SOA
20 263 (3.27%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6644 (82.69%) JavaScript
2 1962 (24.42%) Java
3 1713 (21.32%) C#
4 1286 (16.00%) SQL
5 1212 (15.08%) PHP
6 604 (7.52%) Python
7 506 (6.30%) Ruby
8 356 (4.43%) Scala
9 251 (3.12%) T-SQL
10 199 (2.48%) Perl
11 176 (2.19%) C
12 171 (2.13%) ES6
13 166 (2.07%) C++
14 136 (1.69%) PowerShell
15 131 (1.63%) PL/SQL
16 128 (1.59%) TypeScript
16 128 (1.59%) VB.NET
17 108 (1.34%) VB
18 105 (1.31%) Groovy
19 83 (1.03%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 404 (5.03%) Degree
2 310 (3.86%) Security Cleared
3 171 (2.13%) SC Cleared
4 64 (0.80%) DV Cleared
5 56 (0.70%) Microsoft Certification
6 38 (0.47%) BPSS Clearance
7 32 (0.40%) MCSD
8 21 (0.26%) MCSE
9 19 (0.24%) BC Cleared
10 18 (0.22%) MCTS
11 17 (0.21%) MCAD
12 16 (0.20%) MCITP
13 11 (0.14%) ISEB
14 10 (0.12%) MCSA
15 8 (0.100%) SAS Certification
16 7 (0.087%) CBAP
16 7 (0.087%) Cisco Certification
17 6 (0.075%) CCNA
17 6 (0.075%) ISTQB
17 6 (0.075%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 130 (1.62%) QA
2 59 (0.73%) Disclosure Scotland
3 46 (0.57%) WCAG
4 36 (0.45%) WAI
5 20 (0.25%) SLA
6 9 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 2 (0.025%) Data Quality
7 2 (0.025%) HL7
7 2 (0.025%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.012%) Basel III
8 1 (0.012%) CRD IV
8 1 (0.012%) HMG Security Policy Framework
8 1 (0.012%) MiFID
8 1 (0.012%) PMBOK
8 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.012%) SDET
System Software
1 70 (0.87%) Active Directory
2 57 (0.71%) Docker
3 27 (0.34%) Hyper-V
4 25 (0.31%) Varnish
5 13 (0.16%) VMware Infrastructure
6 5 (0.062%) VirtualBox
7 4 (0.050%) VMware ESXi
8 3 (0.037%) ProxySG
9 2 (0.025%) KVM
9 2 (0.025%) LXC
10 1 (0.012%) BitLocker
10 1 (0.012%) GlusterFS
10 1 (0.012%) Xen
Systems Management
1 80 (1.00%) Puppet
2 53 (0.66%) Opscode Chef
3 19 (0.24%) Kibana
4 15 (0.19%) Capistrano
5 14 (0.17%) AirWatch
6 13 (0.16%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
7 12 (0.15%) Ansible
8 11 (0.14%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (0.12%) TeamSite
10 9 (0.11%) Kubernetes
11 8 (0.100%) SCOM
11 8 (0.100%) yum
12 3 (0.037%) CA Spectrum
12 3 (0.037%) cPanel
12 3 (0.037%) MIMEsweeper
13 2 (0.025%) CA Wily
13 2 (0.025%) Mesos
13 2 (0.025%) Nagios
13 2 (0.025%) ServiceCenter
13 2 (0.025%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 543 (6.76%) Microsoft
2 485 (6.04%) Oracle
3 422 (5.25%) Adobe
4 208 (2.59%) Google
5 128 (1.59%) Zend
6 112 (1.39%) Salesforce.com
7 108 (1.34%) IBM
8 107 (1.33%) SAP
9 105 (1.31%) ServiceNow
10 94 (1.17%) Sitecore
11 78 (0.97%) Twitter
12 59 (0.73%) EPiServer
12 59 (0.73%) Telerik
13 56 (0.70%) Red Hat
14 47 (0.58%) Atlassian
15 45 (0.56%) hybris
16 44 (0.55%) Siebel
17 37 (0.46%) ATG
18 35 (0.44%) Facebook
18 35 (0.44%) Tableau
West London
24 Seven
Rate: £250 - 300 per day
Posted: 11 hours ago
Cheadle, Cheshire
Thales
Posted: 14 hours ago
Raf Mildenhall, Suffolk
RB
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Uniqlo UK
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
Cadence Resourcing
Rate: On Application
Posted: 2 days ago
South East London
Coded People
Rate: £100 - £200 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Arrows Group
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
E-synergy Solutions
Rate: £450 - £500 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
JM
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
Computer Recruiter Ltd
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Wenham Carter
Rate: From £400 to £550 per day TBC
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Networking People
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Mercator IT Solutions
Rate: / day
Posted: 2 days ago
Winchester, Hampshire
IBM Client Innovation Centre (Hursley)
Rate: Up to £47,000 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
Gloucestershire
Sanderson
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
PCR
Rate: £375 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
MPower+
Rate: From £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Erskine, Renfrewshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £250 - £281 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £23000 - £24000 Per Annum pro rata
Posted: 2 days ago
South East
Talent Spa
Rate: £325-375pd
Posted: 2 days ago
London
solocal
Salary: market rate
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
LA International
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Somerset
GCS
Posted: 2 days ago
Worcester, Worcestershire
Sopra Steria Recruitment Limited
Rate: NEG
Posted: 2 days ago