The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 5 March 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
5 Mar 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 22 21 23
Rank change year-on-year
-1 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3597 3614 2692
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 6.93% 7.22% 6.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.91% 26.58% 22.67%
Number of daily rates quoted 2387 2321 1724
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £338 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+11.11% +3.84%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £243 £240 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £498 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £330 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+1.53% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 34 57 73
Average hourly rate £29.50 £30.00 £29.98
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-1.66% +0.06%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.45 £11.50 £13.75
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.00 £76.60 £40.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £31.50 £28.75 £32.00
% change year-on-year
+9.56% -10.15%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13881 13599 11877
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.76% 27.15% 26.97%
Number of daily rates quoted 9066 8550 7470
Average daily rate £388 £375 £362
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +3.59%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £263 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £540 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £330 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%
Number of hourly rates quoted 189 249 291
Average hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% -2.85%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.00 £16.00 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.50 £50.50 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% -5.71%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 5 March 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 5 March 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 5 March 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -3 3315 £375 +10.29% 2303
London 0 1598 £400 +11.11% 699
South East +5 639 £325 - 401
City of London -2 352 £400 +6.66% 177
Yorkshire +5 238 £335 +11.66% 192
North West -9 207 £325 - 340
South West -8 205 £350 +7.69% 195
Berkshire +6 167 £334 -4.64% 87
East of England -8 158 £325 -7.14% 133
West Yorkshire 0 156 £350 +16.66% 109
Scotland -1 156 £361 +20.41% 61
West Midlands -9 131 £325 +18.18% 164
Leeds +4 129 £350 +16.66% 66
Manchester -4 122 £325 +1.56% 202
Hampshire -13 99 £350 +9.37% 71
East Midlands -4 88 £300 -0.82% 126
Buckinghamshire +12 79 £325 -7.14% 46
Surrey +8 79 £381 +27.08% 62
Edinburgh -1 78 £355 +14.88% 25
West Sussex +21 63 £344 +5.76% 20
Reading -5 58 £350 - 40
East Sussex +4 56 £290 +7.40% 31
Gloucestershire +15 55 £400 +33.33% 29
Brighton +2 55 £290 +16.00% 18
Cambridgeshire -5 54 £300 -6.25% 45
Hertfordshire -8 54 £350 -12.50% 16
Glasgow -2 49 £388 +37.16% 31
Cheshire -4 49 £350 +7.69% 73
Milton Keynes +2 47 £313 -10.71% 29
Oxfordshire -11 45 £180 -40.00% 63

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 5 March 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7274 (94.09%) HTML
2 6258 (80.95%) JavaScript
3 3417 (44.20%) HTML5
4 3226 (41.73%) jQuery
5 2830 (36.61%) Agile Software Development
6 2708 (35.03%) CSS3
7 2112 (27.32%) .NET
8 1957 (25.31%) MVC
9 1814 (23.46%) C#
10 1614 (20.88%) Java
11 1518 (19.64%) AngularJS
12 1516 (19.61%) TDD
13 1446 (18.70%) ASP.NET
14 1406 (18.19%) SQL
15 1276 (16.50%) OO
16 1231 (15.92%) XML
17 1217 (15.74%) SQL Server
18 1177 (15.22%) PHP
19 1132 (14.64%) Web Services
20 1131 (14.63%) Ajax
21 1075 (13.91%) User Experience
22 1012 (13.09%) Git (software)
23 968 (12.52%) Web Development
24 962 (12.44%) Scrum
25 879 (11.37%) MySQL
26 831 (10.75%) Responsive Web Design
27 751 (9.71%) JSON
28 740 (9.57%) CMS
29 715 (9.25%) Finance
30 711 (9.20%) Microsoft

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 5 March 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 740 (9.57%) CMS
2 701 (9.07%) Node.js
3 491 (6.35%) SharePoint
4 313 (4.05%) Apache
5 251 (3.25%) Tomcat
6 242 (3.13%) Drupal
7 232 (3.00%) IIS
8 231 (2.99%) SharePoint 2013
9 195 (2.52%) WordPress
10 167 (2.16%) SharePoint 2010
11 150 (1.94%) Umbraco
12 133 (1.72%) JBoss
13 111 (1.44%) WebSphere
14 109 (1.41%) Sitecore CMS
15 103 (1.33%) Adobe CQ
16 89 (1.15%) WebLogic
17 62 (0.80%) Elasticsearch
18 60 (0.78%) nginx
19 55 (0.71%) Apache Solr
20 43 (0.56%) Confluence
Applications
1 513 (6.64%) Photoshop
2 256 (3.31%) Adobe Illustrator
3 231 (2.99%) MS Excel
4 137 (1.77%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 69 (0.89%) Fireworks
6 68 (0.88%) MS Office
7 37 (0.48%) InfoPath
8 29 (0.38%) MS Visio
8 29 (0.38%) InDesign
9 25 (0.32%) Spreadsheet
10 23 (0.30%) MS PowerPoint
11 18 (0.23%) Adobe After Effects
12 17 (0.22%) OmniGraffle
13 16 (0.21%) MS Project
14 14 (0.18%) Acrobat
15 8 (0.10%) GIMP
16 6 (0.078%) ImageReady
16 6 (0.078%) PowerPivot
17 4 (0.052%) Adobe Premiere
17 4 (0.052%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 139 (1.80%) Magento
2 101 (1.31%) Dynamics CRM
3 34 (0.44%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 30 (0.39%) Google Analytics
5 26 (0.34%) Tridion
6 17 (0.22%) WebTrends
7 14 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
8 7 (0.091%) SiteCatalyst
9 6 (0.078%) Dynamics NAV
10 5 (0.065%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.065%) Summit
11 4 (0.052%) RMDS
11 4 (0.052%) osCommerce
11 4 (0.052%) ION MarketView
11 4 (0.052%) Oracle Payables
12 3 (0.039%) Cordys
12 3 (0.039%) Oracle CRM
12 3 (0.039%) Siebel Analytics
13 2 (0.026%) Temenos T24
13 2 (0.026%) SAP CRM
Cloud Services
1 136 (1.76%) Microsoft Azure
2 83 (1.07%) Amazon AWS
3 65 (0.84%) Office 365
4 49 (0.63%) SaaS
5 48 (0.62%) Amazon EC2
6 44 (0.57%) GitHub
7 33 (0.43%) Heroku
8 26 (0.34%) Amazon S3
9 14 (0.18%) Force.com
10 12 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
11 10 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
12 9 (0.12%) Yammer
12 9 (0.12%) PaaS
13 7 (0.091%) OpenShift
14 5 (0.065%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (0.065%) Google App Engine
15 3 (0.039%) IaaS
16 2 (0.026%) Google Apps
17 1 (0.013%) Responsys
17 1 (0.013%) Google Compute Engine
Communications & Networking
1 254 (3.29%) HTTP
2 210 (2.72%) Internet
3 171 (2.21%) Intranet
4 77 (1.00%) LDAP
5 39 (0.50%) Firewall
6 36 (0.47%) HTTPS
7 34 (0.44%) TCP/IP
7 34 (0.44%) SSL
8 31 (0.40%) VPN
9 24 (0.31%) Extranet
10 21 (0.27%) Cisco Nexus
10 21 (0.27%) DNS
11 20 (0.26%) Network Security
11 20 (0.26%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
12 18 (0.23%) BIG-IP
13 17 (0.22%) BGP
13 17 (0.22%) OSPF
14 15 (0.19%) FTP
15 10 (0.13%) SSH
16 9 (0.12%) Cisco ASA
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1217 (15.74%) SQL Server
2 879 (11.37%) MySQL
3 373 (4.82%) Relational Database
4 317 (4.10%) SQL Server 2008
5 255 (3.30%) MongoDB
6 165 (2.13%) NoSQL
7 141 (1.82%) SQL Server 2012
8 140 (1.81%) Oracle Database
9 121 (1.57%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 117 (1.51%) PostgreSQL
11 114 (1.47%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 93 (1.20%) RDBMS
13 91 (1.18%) SQL Server 2005
14 70 (0.91%) Oracle Database 11g
15 62 (0.80%) Big Data
16 59 (0.76%) Redis
17 56 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
18 50 (0.65%) MS Access
19 48 (0.62%) MariaDB
20 45 (0.58%) Apache Cassandra
Development Applications
1 1012 (13.09%) Git (software)
2 541 (7.00%) Subversion
3 518 (6.70%) Visual Studio
4 395 (5.11%) Grunt
5 329 (4.26%) Team Foundation Server
6 294 (3.80%) Jasmine
7 277 (3.58%) Selenium
8 256 (3.31%) JUnit
9 238 (3.08%) Jenkins
10 224 (2.90%) Maven
11 207 (2.68%) JIRA
12 189 (2.44%) Eclipse
13 181 (2.34%) Cucumber
14 157 (2.03%) Axure RP
15 143 (1.85%) Ant
16 141 (1.82%) Bower
17 128 (1.66%) NUnit
18 110 (1.42%) Dreamweaver
19 97 (1.25%) Mocha
20 89 (1.15%) QUnit
General
1 715 (9.25%) Finance
2 358 (4.63%) Marketing
3 355 (4.59%) Banking
4 213 (2.76%) Retail
5 148 (1.91%) Publishing
6 139 (1.80%) Telecoms
7 132 (1.71%) Games
8 113 (1.46%) Investment Banking
9 112 (1.45%) Advertising
10 52 (0.67%) Manufacturing
11 46 (0.60%) Legal
12 45 (0.58%) Electronics
13 28 (0.36%) Front Office
13 28 (0.36%) Back Office
14 27 (0.35%) Law
15 26 (0.34%) Multimedia
15 26 (0.34%) Financial Institution
16 15 (0.19%) Automotive
17 10 (0.13%) Pharmaceutical
18 9 (0.12%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 6357 (82.23%) Developer
2 1388 (17.95%) Front-End Developer
3 980 (12.68%) Web Developer
4 855 (11.06%) .NET Developer
5 630 (8.15%) Java Developer
6 625 (8.08%) Senior Developer
7 545 (7.05%) JavaScript Developer
8 529 (6.84%) Designer
9 463 (5.99%) C# Developer
10 455 (5.89%) PHP Developer
11 325 (4.20%) C# .NET Developer
12 288 (3.73%) UI Developer
13 273 (3.53%) UI Programmer
14 257 (3.32%) ASP.NET Developer
15 228 (2.95%) UX Designer
16 225 (2.91%) SharePoint Developer
17 187 (2.42%) Architect
17 187 (2.42%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 185 (2.39%) Front-End Web Developer
19 147 (1.90%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7274 (94.09%) HTML
2 3417 (44.20%) HTML5
3 3226 (41.73%) jQuery
4 2708 (35.03%) CSS3
5 2112 (27.32%) .NET
6 1518 (19.64%) AngularJS
7 1446 (18.70%) ASP.NET
8 1231 (15.92%) XML
9 1132 (14.64%) Web Services
10 1131 (14.63%) Ajax
11 751 (9.71%) JSON
12 691 (8.94%) Backbone.js
13 658 (8.51%) Sass
14 641 (8.29%) ASP.NET MVC
15 615 (7.95%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 598 (7.74%) Spring
17 570 (7.37%) REST
18 561 (7.26%) .NET Framework
19 492 (6.36%) RESTful
20 448 (5.79%) XHTML
Miscellaneous
1 1075 (13.91%) User Experience
2 365 (4.72%) Mobile App
3 283 (3.66%) Open Source
4 233 (3.01%) Analytical Skills
5 216 (2.79%) W3C
6 210 (2.72%) Computer Science
7 176 (2.28%) Visualisation
8 132 (1.71%) Enterprise Software
9 108 (1.40%) Digital Media
10 103 (1.33%) Social Media
11 85 (1.10%) Graphic Design
12 61 (0.79%) RIA
13 57 (0.74%) Management Information System
13 57 (0.74%) Data Structures
14 53 (0.69%) N-Tier
14 53 (0.69%) Inversion of Control
15 51 (0.66%) iPad
16 50 (0.65%) Web 2.0
17 49 (0.63%) Algorithms
18 44 (0.57%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
Operating Systems
1 633 (8.19%) Linux
2 404 (5.23%) UNIX
3 320 (4.14%) Windows
4 284 (3.67%) Apple iOS
5 267 (3.45%) Android
6 164 (2.12%) Mac OS X
7 40 (0.52%) Windows Server 2008
8 36 (0.47%) Ubuntu
9 33 (0.43%) Windows Phone
10 28 (0.36%) CentOS
11 27 (0.35%) Solaris
12 20 (0.26%) AIX
12 20 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 16 (0.21%) Windows 7
14 13 (0.17%) VMS
15 12 (0.16%) Windows Mobile
16 11 (0.14%) Mac OS
17 10 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
18 9 (0.12%) Oracle Linux
19 6 (0.078%) Debian
Processes & Methodologies
1 2830 (36.61%) Agile Software Development
2 1957 (25.31%) MVC
3 1516 (19.61%) TDD
4 1276 (16.50%) OO
5 968 (12.52%) Web Development
6 962 (12.44%) Scrum
7 831 (10.75%) Responsive Web Design
8 610 (7.89%) E-Commerce
9 561 (7.26%) BDD
10 518 (6.70%) Web Design
11 460 (5.95%) Continuous Integration
12 426 (5.51%) Unit Testing
13 369 (4.77%) OOP
14 307 (3.97%) Content Management
15 303 (3.92%) Software Engineering
16 291 (3.76%) SOA
17 225 (2.91%) Mentoring
18 188 (2.43%) CRM
19 181 (2.34%) Workflow
20 179 (2.32%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6258 (80.95%) JavaScript
2 1814 (23.46%) C#
3 1614 (20.88%) Java
4 1406 (18.19%) SQL
5 1177 (15.22%) PHP
6 451 (5.83%) Ruby
7 380 (4.92%) Python
8 204 (2.64%) T-SQL
9 179 (2.32%) PL/SQL
10 166 (2.15%) Scala
11 133 (1.72%) PHP5
12 125 (1.62%) Perl
13 119 (1.54%) VB.NET
14 97 (1.25%) C++
15 94 (1.22%) C
16 81 (1.05%) VBA
16 81 (1.05%) Shell Script
17 75 (0.97%) Bash Shell
17 75 (0.97%) VB
18 66 (0.85%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 463 (5.99%) Degree
2 272 (3.52%) Security Cleared
3 161 (2.08%) SC Cleared
4 130 (1.68%) VCP4
5 33 (0.43%) Microsoft Certification
6 31 (0.40%) Cisco Certification
7 28 (0.36%) ISEB
8 22 (0.28%) DV Cleared
9 16 (0.21%) ISTQB
10 12 (0.16%) CCNP
10 12 (0.16%) CCNA
11 9 (0.12%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 9 (0.12%) MCP
12 7 (0.091%) Sun Certification
13 6 (0.078%) BC Cleared
13 6 (0.078%) CTC Cleared
13 6 (0.078%) HND
14 5 (0.065%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.039%) MCSD
15 3 (0.039%) CCIE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 198 (2.56%) QA
2 27 (0.35%) WAI
3 23 (0.30%) WCAG
4 20 (0.26%) ISO 9001
5 18 (0.23%) SLA
6 9 (0.12%) HL7
7 5 (0.065%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 4 (0.052%) ISO 14001
9 2 (0.026%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.026%) Sarbanes-Oxley
10 1 (0.013%) Data Quality
10 1 (0.013%) GxP
System Software
1 36 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
2 25 (0.32%) Active Directory
3 24 (0.31%) Docker
4 14 (0.18%) Varnish
5 11 (0.14%) VirtualBox
6 8 (0.10%) VMware ESX
6 8 (0.10%) vCloud
7 5 (0.065%) Firmware
8 4 (0.052%) NFS
8 4 (0.052%) Shibboleth
8 4 (0.052%) Veritas Cluster Server
9 2 (0.026%) Oracle RAC
9 2 (0.026%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.026%) XenApp
9 2 (0.026%) XenDesktop
9 2 (0.026%) VMware ESXi
10 1 (0.013%) KVM
10 1 (0.013%) HDFS
10 1 (0.013%) RHEV
10 1 (0.013%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 97 (1.25%) Puppet
2 42 (0.54%) Vagrant
3 36 (0.47%) Ansible
4 23 (0.30%) Opscode Chef
5 18 (0.23%) Graylog
6 17 (0.22%) HP UCMDB
7 13 (0.17%) OPNET
8 12 (0.16%) Capistrano
9 9 (0.12%) HP Quality Center
10 6 (0.078%) Salt
11 5 (0.065%) Kibana
11 5 (0.065%) logstash
12 4 (0.052%) Zenoss
13 3 (0.039%) OpenAM
13 3 (0.039%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.039%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 3 (0.039%) CiscoWorks
13 3 (0.039%) Backup Exec
13 3 (0.039%) SCCM
13 3 (0.039%) WSUS
Vendors
1 711 (9.20%) Microsoft
2 538 (6.96%) Oracle
3 395 (5.11%) Adobe
4 182 (2.35%) Google
5 153 (1.98%) Zend
6 147 (1.90%) Sitecore
7 96 (1.24%) Twitter
8 77 (1.00%) IBM
9 66 (0.85%) SAP
10 53 (0.69%) EPiServer
10 53 (0.69%) VMware
10 53 (0.69%) ServiceNow
11 47 (0.61%) hybris
12 46 (0.60%) Ektron
12 46 (0.60%) Facebook
13 42 (0.54%) Cisco
14 41 (0.53%) Open Text
14 41 (0.53%) Apple
15 40 (0.52%) Salesforce.com
16 35 (0.45%) Telerik
London
Oho Group Ltd.
Rate: £30000 - £40000 per annum
Posted: 28 minutes ago
Northampton, Northamptonshire
Spring Technology
Rate: £0.30 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
Leicestershire
X4 Group
Rate: £260 - 320 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Randstad Strategic Accounts
Rate: £19 - £21 per hour
Posted: 15 hours ago
London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £450.00 - £545.00 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
ComputerWorld Personnel Ltd
Rate: £220 - £270 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Buckinghamshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Surrey
TEKsystems
Rate: £400 - £500 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Bedfordshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Telford, Shropshire
Experis Ltd
Posted: 15 hours ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 15 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
IT Connections
Rate: 360-£375/Day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Leeds, Yorkshire
Premier Farnell
Posted: 17 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Robert Walters
Rate: Market Rate
Posted: 17 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Cooper Lomaz Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £300 - 350 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Chester, Cheshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Bedford, Bedfordshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £20000 - £22000 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Talent Crew
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago