The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 28 May 2016 with a comparison to the same period over the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

3 months to
28 May 2016
Same period 2015 Same period 2014
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 23 19
Rank change year-on-year
+5 -4
Contract jobs citing CSS 4132 3828 3860
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.58% 6.93% 7.31%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.36% 25.67% 26.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 3011 2573 2695
Median daily rate £390 £356 £350
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+9.47% +1.78%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £530 £475 £475
UK excluding London median daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 32 52 24
Median hourly rate £21.64 £30.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-27.86% -14.28%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £9.40 £16.04 £24.30
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £51.93 £45.00 £71.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £20.49 £32.54 £33.50
% change year-on-year
-37.02% -2.86%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15104 14912 14481
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.70% 27.01% 27.43%
Number of daily rates quoted 10701 9800 9630
Median daily rate £420 £388 £375
Median daily rate % change year-on-year
+8.38% +3.33%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £300 £280 £275
10% offered a daily rate of more than £575 £550 £525
UK excluding London median daily rate £375 £350 £350
% change year-on-year
+7.14% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 176 206 180
Median hourly rate £32.50 £35.00 £35.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year
-7.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.00 £17.86 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.20 £47.88 £55.00
UK excluding London median hourly rate £31.90 £37.80 £35.00
% change year-on-year
-15.60% +8.00%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

The demand trend of contract jobs citing CSS as a proportion of all IT contracts with a match in the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 May 2016. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Click see detailed
statistics and trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +4 3878 £400 +11.11% 1922
London +7 2002 £425 +13.33% 726
South East +4 641 £350 +7.69% 285
City of London +12 318 £425 +13.33% 136
North West +7 278 £375 +13.63% 251
Yorkshire 0 239 £400 +19.40% 153
South West -4 219 £340 -2.85% 140
West Midlands 0 218 £325 +3.17% 141
West Yorkshire +2 183 £440 +32.33% 84
Leeds +5 155 £433 +30.07% 65
Manchester +2 150 £375 +15.38% 151
West Sussex +18 144 £425 +21.42% 12
Scotland -19 129 £325 - 58
East of England -9 128 £360 +9.09% 108
Hampshire +23 112 £325 +8.33% 60
Worthing +3 100 £425 -10.52%
East Midlands -1 97 £300 +1.69% 88
Berkshire -26 91 £375 +8.69% 44
Surrey +7 89 £400 +14.28% 43
Wales +9 79 £375 - 20
Birmingham +17 75 £325 +8.33% 40
Cheshire -6 74 £400 +3.22% 47
South Wales +11 71 £375 - 16
Bristol +2 71 £325 -3.70% 44
Buckinghamshire -13 57 £325 - 36
Glasgow +7 56 £325 - 26
North East -21 56 £375 +15.38% 29
Cardiff +9 54 £388 +3.33% 8
Edinburgh -16 52 £375 +15.38% 24
Tyne and Wear -24 49 £385 +6.20% 27

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 May 2016, IT contractor jobs citing CSS also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number co-occurrences and its proportion to all contract ads with a requirement for CSS.

1 7507 (93.04%) HTML
2 6652 (82.44%) JavaScript
3 3641 (45.12%) HTML5
4 3640 (45.11%) Agile Software Development
5 2862 (35.47%) CSS3
6 2570 (31.85%) jQuery
7 2507 (31.07%) AngularJS
8 2063 (25.57%) Java
9 2004 (24.84%) Front End Development
10 1887 (23.39%) Web Development
11 1844 (22.85%) .NET
12 1834 (22.73%) MVC
13 1703 (21.11%) C#
14 1615 (20.01%) TDD
15 1366 (16.93%) Git (software)
16 1292 (16.01%) SQL
17 1231 (15.26%) User Experience
18 1223 (15.16%) Scrum
19 1183 (14.66%) PHP
20 1178 (14.60%) ASP.NET
21 1124 (13.93%) Node.js
22 1104 (13.68%) SQL Server
23 1070 (13.26%) Sass
24 1069 (13.25%) OO
25 1059 (13.12%) XML
26 1008 (12.49%) Web Services
27 927 (11.49%) Ajax
28 895 (11.09%) Finance
29 848 (10.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 848 (10.51%) Responsive Web Design

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 1124 (13.93%) Node.js
2 616 (7.63%) CMS
3 258 (3.20%) Tomcat
4 255 (3.16%) SharePoint
5 246 (3.05%) WordPress
6 233 (2.89%) Apache
7 217 (2.69%) IIS
8 197 (2.44%) Drupal
9 166 (2.06%) Confluence
10 148 (1.83%) JBoss
11 118 (1.46%) Umbraco
12 94 (1.16%) Elasticsearch
12 94 (1.16%) WebSphere
13 86 (1.07%) SharePoint 2013
14 82 (1.02%) WebLogic
15 78 (0.97%) nginx
16 73 (0.90%) Adobe Experience Manager
17 64 (0.79%) Sitecore CMS
18 63 (0.78%) SharePoint 2010
19 49 (0.61%) Jetty
Applications
1 367 (4.55%) Photoshop
2 207 (2.57%) MS Excel
3 166 (2.06%) Adobe Illustrator
4 130 (1.61%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 92 (1.14%) MS Office
6 68 (0.84%) MS Visio
7 56 (0.69%) OmniGraffle
8 33 (0.41%) InfoPath
9 31 (0.38%) MS PowerPoint
10 25 (0.31%) Fireworks
11 21 (0.26%) SPSS
12 16 (0.20%) InDesign
13 14 (0.17%) GIMP
14 12 (0.15%) Stata
15 6 (0.074%) Acrobat
15 6 (0.074%) Adobe After Effects
15 6 (0.074%) Adobe Captivate
16 4 (0.050%) MS Project
17 3 (0.037%) Adobe Premiere
17 3 (0.037%) Edge Animate
Business Applications
1 121 (1.50%) Magento
2 56 (0.69%) Dynamics CRM
3 50 (0.62%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 31 (0.38%) Eloqua
5 27 (0.33%) BigMachines
6 21 (0.26%) Payment Gateway
7 13 (0.16%) WebTrends
8 10 (0.12%) OpenText VIM for SAP
9 8 (0.099%) OpenText Process Suite
9 8 (0.099%) SDL Web 8
10 6 (0.074%) Salesforce.com CRM
10 6 (0.074%) Unica
11 5 (0.062%) Adobe Campaign
11 5 (0.062%) Dynamics AX
11 5 (0.062%) ION MarketView
12 4 (0.050%) Dynamics NAV
12 4 (0.050%) Remedy ITSM
13 3 (0.037%) Oracle Payables
14 2 (0.025%) Radian6
14 2 (0.025%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 275 (3.41%) Amazon AWS
2 185 (2.29%) GitHub
3 175 (2.17%) Microsoft Azure
4 127 (1.57%) SaaS
5 60 (0.74%) Google Analytics
6 57 (0.71%) Amazon EC2
7 51 (0.63%) Office 365
8 38 (0.47%) Cloud Computing
9 31 (0.38%) Heroku
10 26 (0.32%) AWS CloudFormation
11 23 (0.29%) Google Cloud Platform
12 22 (0.27%) Amazon S3
12 22 (0.27%) Force.com
13 20 (0.25%) Adobe Analytics
14 15 (0.19%) Google App Engine
15 14 (0.17%) CloudFront
15 14 (0.17%) PaaS
16 13 (0.16%) Google Tag Manager
17 12 (0.15%) MailChimp
18 8 (0.099%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 448 (5.55%) HTTP
2 163 (2.02%) Internet
3 80 (0.99%) TCP/IP
4 76 (0.94%) DNS
5 74 (0.92%) Intranet
6 72 (0.89%) Network Security
7 63 (0.78%) SSL
8 53 (0.66%) LDAP
9 39 (0.48%) VPN
10 31 (0.38%) SNMP
11 28 (0.35%) Firewall
12 26 (0.32%) DHCP
12 26 (0.32%) SMTP
13 23 (0.29%) IPv6
14 20 (0.25%) IPsec
14 20 (0.25%) Software-Defined Networking
15 19 (0.24%) BGP
15 19 (0.24%) FTP
16 14 (0.17%) Extranet
16 14 (0.17%) HTTPS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1104 (13.68%) SQL Server
2 811 (10.05%) MySQL
3 422 (5.23%) MongoDB
4 383 (4.75%) Relational Database
5 333 (4.13%) NoSQL
6 243 (3.01%) PostgreSQL
7 162 (2.01%) SQL Server 2008
8 128 (1.59%) Oracle Database
9 111 (1.38%) RDBMS
10 90 (1.12%) SQL Server 2012
11 84 (1.04%) SQL Server Reporting Services
12 76 (0.94%) Big Data
13 75 (0.93%) Apache Cassandra
14 66 (0.82%) Hadoop
15 64 (0.79%) SQL Server Integration Services
16 62 (0.77%) Redis
17 55 (0.68%) Neo4j
18 49 (0.61%) GIS
19 47 (0.58%) Apache Hive
20 45 (0.56%) CouchDB
Development Applications
1 1366 (16.93%) Git (software)
2 659 (8.17%) Subversion
3 496 (6.15%) Grunt
4 374 (4.64%) Jenkins
5 371 (4.60%) gulp
6 362 (4.49%) JIRA
7 334 (4.14%) Visual Studio
8 325 (4.03%) JUnit
9 295 (3.66%) Jasmine
10 268 (3.32%) Selenium
11 246 (3.05%) Maven
12 194 (2.40%) Cucumber
13 168 (2.08%) Team Foundation Server
14 164 (2.03%) Eclipse
15 159 (1.97%) Mocha
16 153 (1.90%) Karma Test Runner
17 128 (1.59%) TeamCity
18 116 (1.44%) NUnit
19 110 (1.36%) Ant
20 106 (1.31%) Axure RP
General
1 895 (11.09%) Finance
2 425 (5.27%) Banking
3 342 (4.24%) Marketing
4 240 (2.97%) Retail
5 139 (1.72%) Publishing
6 128 (1.59%) Telecoms
7 122 (1.51%) Investment Banking
8 120 (1.49%) Games
9 85 (1.05%) Advertising
10 72 (0.89%) Manufacturing
11 64 (0.79%) Legal
12 56 (0.69%) Electronics
13 48 (0.59%) Front Office
14 39 (0.48%) Law
15 32 (0.40%) Financial Institution
16 31 (0.38%) Pharmaceutical
17 27 (0.33%) Back Office
18 19 (0.24%) Local Government
19 18 (0.22%) Automotive
20 14 (0.17%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6617 (82.01%) Developer
2 1641 (20.34%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
3 1503 (18.63%) JavaScript Developer
4 945 (11.71%) .NET Developer
5 862 (10.68%) Java Developer
6 811 (10.05%) Web Developer
7 767 (9.51%) HTML Developer
8 687 (8.51%) Senior Developer
9 625 (7.75%) HTML CSS Developer
10 624 (7.73%) C# Developer
11 508 (6.30%) Angular Developer
12 468 (5.80%) C# .NET Developer
13 460 (5.70%) Designer
14 455 (5.64%) PHP Developer
15 453 (5.61%) UI Developer
16 383 (4.75%) Full Stack Developer
17 366 (4.54%) ASP.NET Developer
18 324 (4.02%) ASP.NET MVC Developer
19 293 (3.63%) Agile Developer
20 247 (3.06%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7507 (93.04%) HTML
2 3641 (45.12%) HTML5
3 2862 (35.47%) CSS3
4 2570 (31.85%) jQuery
5 2507 (31.07%) AngularJS
6 1844 (22.85%) .NET
7 1178 (14.60%) ASP.NET
8 1070 (13.26%) Sass
9 1059 (13.12%) XML
10 1008 (12.49%) Web Services
11 927 (11.49%) Ajax
12 848 (10.51%) Twitter Bootstrap
13 825 (10.22%) React
14 806 (9.99%) Spring
15 759 (9.41%) JSON
16 752 (9.32%) REST
17 658 (8.15%) ASP.NET MVC
18 631 (7.82%) RESTful
19 529 (6.56%) Backbone.js
20 524 (6.49%) LESS
Miscellaneous
1 1231 (15.26%) User Experience
2 431 (5.34%) Mobile App
3 239 (2.96%) Computer Science
4 234 (2.90%) Analytical Skills
5 180 (2.23%) Visualisation
6 134 (1.66%) Enterprise Software
7 114 (1.41%) Digital Media
8 103 (1.28%) W3C
9 77 (0.95%) iPad
10 72 (0.89%) Fintech
11 71 (0.88%) Algorithms
12 63 (0.78%) N-Tier
13 56 (0.69%) Management Information System
14 53 (0.66%) Social Media
15 52 (0.64%) Data Structures
15 52 (0.64%) Inversion of Control
16 50 (0.62%) e-Learning
17 48 (0.59%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
18 42 (0.52%) RIA
19 40 (0.50%) Animation
Operating Systems
1 694 (8.60%) Linux
2 375 (4.65%) Unix
3 372 (4.61%) Windows
4 147 (1.82%) Android
5 137 (1.70%) Windows Server
6 131 (1.62%) Apple iOS
7 119 (1.47%) Mac OS X
8 73 (0.90%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 46 (0.57%) Windows Server 2012
10 43 (0.53%) Windows Server 2008
11 34 (0.42%) Mac OS
12 32 (0.40%) Ubuntu
13 19 (0.24%) Debian
14 18 (0.22%) Windows Phone
15 15 (0.19%) CentOS
16 13 (0.16%) Windows Server 2003
17 11 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
17 11 (0.14%) zOS
18 10 (0.12%) Solaris
19 8 (0.099%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 3640 (45.11%) Agile Software Development
2 2004 (24.84%) Front End Development
3 1887 (23.39%) Web Development
4 1834 (22.73%) MVC
5 1615 (20.01%) TDD
6 1223 (15.16%) Scrum
7 1069 (13.25%) OO
8 848 (10.51%) Responsive Web Design
9 747 (9.26%) E-Commerce
10 737 (9.13%) BDD
11 729 (9.03%) Continuous Integration
12 528 (6.54%) Web Design
13 475 (5.89%) Unit Testing
14 460 (5.70%) Software Engineering
15 413 (5.12%) Open Source
16 350 (4.34%) Wireframes
17 341 (4.23%) OOP
18 316 (3.92%) Mentoring
19 286 (3.54%) SOA
20 276 (3.42%) SDLC
Programming Languages
1 6652 (82.44%) JavaScript
2 2063 (25.57%) Java
3 1703 (21.11%) C#
4 1292 (16.01%) SQL
5 1183 (14.66%) PHP
6 613 (7.60%) Python
7 531 (6.58%) Ruby
8 388 (4.81%) Scala
9 254 (3.15%) T-SQL
10 203 (2.52%) ES6
11 193 (2.39%) Perl
12 170 (2.11%) C
13 163 (2.02%) PL/SQL
14 156 (1.93%) C++
15 124 (1.54%) PowerShell
16 122 (1.51%) TypeScript
16 122 (1.51%) VB
17 119 (1.47%) VB.NET
18 116 (1.44%) Groovy
19 74 (0.92%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 401 (4.97%) Degree
2 340 (4.21%) Security Cleared
3 187 (2.32%) SC Cleared
4 67 (0.83%) DV Cleared
5 56 (0.69%) Microsoft Certification
6 40 (0.50%) BPSS Clearance
7 32 (0.40%) MCSD
8 27 (0.33%) BC Cleared
9 24 (0.30%) MCSE
10 16 (0.20%) MCTS
11 15 (0.19%) MCAD
12 14 (0.17%) MCITP
13 13 (0.16%) MCSA
14 10 (0.12%) ISEB
15 8 (0.099%) SAS Certification
16 7 (0.087%) CBAP
16 7 (0.087%) Cisco Certification
17 6 (0.074%) CCNA
17 6 (0.074%) ITIL Certification
18 5 (0.062%) CCNP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 136 (1.69%) QA
2 63 (0.78%) Disclosure Scotland
3 48 (0.59%) WCAG
4 36 (0.45%) WAI
5 25 (0.31%) SLA
6 10 (0.12%) ISO/IEC 27001
7 4 (0.050%) PCI DSS
8 3 (0.037%) ISO 14001
8 3 (0.037%) ISO 9001
9 2 (0.025%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.025%) HL7
9 2 (0.025%) SDET
10 1 (0.012%) COBIT
10 1 (0.012%) HMG Security Policy Framework
10 1 (0.012%) MiFID
10 1 (0.012%) PMBOK
10 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 77 (0.95%) Active Directory
2 68 (0.84%) Docker
3 32 (0.40%) Hyper-V
4 21 (0.26%) Varnish
5 18 (0.22%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
7 3 (0.037%) ProxySG
7 3 (0.037%) VirtualBox
8 2 (0.025%) KVM
8 2 (0.025%) LXC
9 1 (0.012%) BitLocker
9 1 (0.012%) GlusterFS
9 1 (0.012%) HDFS
9 1 (0.012%) Xen
Systems Management
1 84 (1.04%) Puppet
2 45 (0.56%) Opscode Chef
3 23 (0.29%) Kibana
4 16 (0.20%) Kubernetes
5 14 (0.17%) AirWatch
5 14 (0.17%) Systems Management Server (SMS)
6 12 (0.15%) TeamSite
7 9 (0.11%) Ansible
8 8 (0.099%) Capistrano
8 8 (0.099%) SCOM
9 6 (0.074%) HP Quality Center
10 5 (0.062%) Nagios
10 5 (0.062%) OPNET
10 5 (0.062%) yum
11 3 (0.037%) CA Spectrum
11 3 (0.037%) Cacti
11 3 (0.037%) logstash
11 3 (0.037%) MIMEsweeper
11 3 (0.037%) Munin
11 3 (0.037%) Piwik
Vendors
1 557 (6.90%) Microsoft
2 517 (6.41%) Oracle
3 386 (4.78%) Adobe
4 222 (2.75%) Google
5 124 (1.54%) ServiceNow
6 120 (1.49%) Zend
7 117 (1.45%) IBM
8 111 (1.38%) SAP
9 103 (1.28%) Salesforce.com
10 99 (1.23%) Sitecore
11 78 (0.97%) Twitter
12 71 (0.88%) Red Hat
13 58 (0.72%) Telerik
14 57 (0.71%) EPiServer
15 52 (0.64%) Atlassian
16 46 (0.57%) hybris
17 42 (0.52%) VMware
18 39 (0.48%) ATG
19 36 (0.45%) Tableau
20 34 (0.42%) Siebel
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £500 - £550 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Brighton, East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
Hampshire
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £385 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Central London / West End
Trust In Soda
Rate: From £280 to £310 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Posted: 2 days ago
Coventry, West Midlands (County)
Rullion IT Plus
Posted: Yesterday
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Verticality Ltd
Rate: £350 - £370 per day
Posted: Yesterday
South West
ReThink Recruitment
Posted: Yesterday
London
Oscar
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Cadence Resourcing
Rate: £260 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Surrey
Oscar
Rate: £250 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
ninesharp
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday
Shropshire
Oscar
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Nigel Frank International Ltd
Rate: £150 - £151 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Gloucestershire
Computer People
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
ISL
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £350 - £430 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Middlesbrough, Cleveland
Harvey Nash plc
Rate: £300 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Bristol, Avon
CPS Group UK
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
CPS Group UK
Rate: £425 - £475 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Chester, Cheshire
Cathcart Associates Ltd
Rate: £275 - £325 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Basingstoke, Hampshire
Spectrum IT Recruitment (South) Ltd
Rate: £200 - £230 per day
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £450 - £550 per day + negotiable
Posted: 2 days ago
Gloucestershire
Experis Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
City, London
BAE Systems Applied Intelligence Ltd
Posted: 3 days ago
London
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + 350-450
Posted: 3 days ago