The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 4 August 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
4 Aug 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 20 19 20
Rank change year-on-year
-1 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4132 4008 3551
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.26% 7.33% 6.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.52% 26.39% 24.53%
Number of daily rates quoted 2919 2686 2303
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£360 £350 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.85% +7.69%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £240 £213
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £490 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £320 £300
% change year-on-year
+1.56% +6.66%
Number of hourly rates quoted 69 57 50
Average hourly rate £34.20 £35.00 £34.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-2.28% +1.44%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £9.50 £17.50 £16.25
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £43.40 £71.00 £43.85
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £33.00
% change year-on-year
+1.44% +4.54%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15578 15189 14479
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.36% 27.79% 28.31%
Number of daily rates quoted 10499 9744 9186
Average daily rate £393 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £263 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
- +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 243 222 282
Average hourly rate £39.50 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+12.85% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.23 £17.50 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £55.00 £53.00 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.50 £34.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+16.17% -2.85%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 4 August 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 4 August 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +1 3852 £363 +3.57% 2143
London -2 1912 £400 - 718
South East +2 666 £325 +0.77% 362
City of London -6 360 £400 +1.26% 152
Yorkshire +4 238 £325 +15.04% 185
South West +1 237 £347 +6.69% 156
North West -10 222 £340 +4.61% 288
East of England -6 190 £325 - 131
Scotland +2 184 £344 -1.78% 56
West Yorkshire +4 172 £325 +27.32% 109
West Midlands -1 160 £305 +1.66% 142
Berkshire +3 143 £325 -7.14% 59
Leeds +3 140 £333 +33.00% 74
East Midlands +4 126 £300 +9.09% 123
Manchester -10 111 £325 - 144
Hampshire +2 108 £318 -9.28% 76
Bristol +11 101 £350 - 56
Edinburgh +3 94 £350 -6.66% 22
Surrey 0 90 £400 +33.33% 61
North East +3 81 £350 +7.69% 37
Buckinghamshire +12 75 £300 -7.69% 36
Oxfordshire +10 72 £350 +6.87% 47
Cheshire +11 70 £345 +15.00% 72
Tyne and Wear -5 63 £385 +18.46% 29
West Sussex +11 62 £368 +30.66% 28
Reading -2 59 £350 +6.06% 26
Cambridgeshire -9 59 £300 -4.00% 60
Wales +7 58 £325 +8.33% 28
East Sussex -2 55 £305 +12.96% 27
Hertfordshire -6 55 £363 +0.69% 29

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7488 (94.47%) HTML
2 6372 (80.39%) JavaScript
3 3544 (44.71%) HTML5
4 3016 (38.05%) jQuery
5 2974 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
6 2767 (34.91%) CSS3
7 2063 (26.03%) .NET
8 1882 (23.74%) MVC
9 1862 (23.49%) AngularJS
10 1770 (22.33%) C#
11 1634 (20.62%) Java
12 1599 (20.17%) TDD
13 1457 (18.38%) ASP.NET
14 1372 (17.31%) SQL
15 1250 (15.77%) SQL Server
16 1229 (15.51%) OO
17 1146 (14.46%) PHP
18 1104 (13.93%) Scrum
19 1085 (13.69%) User Experience
20 1077 (13.59%) Git (software)
21 1041 (13.13%) Web Services
22 993 (12.53%) XML
23 987 (12.45%) Ajax
24 959 (12.10%) Web Development
25 903 (11.39%) Responsive Web Design
26 898 (11.33%) MySQL
27 832 (10.50%) E-Commerce
28 784 (9.89%) Sass
28 784 (9.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 721 (9.10%) Node.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 4 August 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 721 (9.10%) Node.js
2 697 (8.79%) CMS
3 330 (4.16%) SharePoint
4 260 (3.28%) Apache
5 244 (3.08%) Drupal
6 225 (2.84%) WordPress
7 219 (2.76%) Tomcat
8 199 (2.51%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 181 (2.28%) SharePoint 2013
10 175 (2.21%) IIS
11 160 (2.02%) Umbraco
12 157 (1.98%) WebSphere
13 139 (1.75%) JBoss
14 114 (1.44%) WebLogic
15 106 (1.34%) Confluence
16 89 (1.12%) SharePoint 2010
16 89 (1.12%) Sitecore CMS
17 56 (0.71%) Elasticsearch
18 46 (0.58%) ColdFusion
19 44 (0.56%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 509 (6.42%) Photoshop
2 234 (2.95%) Adobe Illustrator
3 183 (2.31%) MS Excel
4 99 (1.25%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 72 (0.91%) MS Office
6 59 (0.74%) Fireworks
7 39 (0.49%) MS Visio
8 34 (0.43%) InfoPath
9 32 (0.40%) InDesign
10 28 (0.35%) OmniGraffle
11 25 (0.32%) MS PowerPoint
12 22 (0.28%) Spreadsheet
13 17 (0.21%) Acrobat
14 16 (0.20%) MS Project
15 9 (0.11%) PowerPivot
16 8 (0.10%) Adobe After Effects
17 6 (0.076%) GIMP
18 2 (0.025%) ImageReady
18 2 (0.025%) Edge Animate
19 1 (0.013%) Weka
Business Applications
1 150 (1.89%) Magento
2 60 (0.76%) Dynamics CRM
3 19 (0.24%) WebTrends
4 18 (0.23%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 18 (0.23%) Tridion
5 14 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
6 11 (0.14%) Oracle BPM
7 9 (0.11%) Summit
8 6 (0.076%) BASE24
8 6 (0.076%) Adobe Campaign
9 5 (0.063%) Dynamics NAV
10 3 (0.038%) Fredhopper
10 3 (0.038%) BigMachines
11 2 (0.025%) Cordys
11 2 (0.025%) Maximo
12 1 (0.013%) Exstream
12 1 (0.013%) Visualfiles
12 1 (0.013%) AWD
12 1 (0.013%) Remedy ITSM
12 1 (0.013%) osCommerce
Cloud Services
1 141 (1.78%) Amazon AWS
2 134 (1.69%) Microsoft Azure
3 102 (1.29%) GitHub
4 94 (1.19%) Google Analytics
5 88 (1.11%) SaaS
6 59 (0.74%) Office 365
7 43 (0.54%) Adobe Analytics
8 33 (0.42%) Amazon EC2
9 32 (0.40%) Heroku
10 19 (0.24%) Amazon S3
11 13 (0.16%) Google Cloud Platform
12 11 (0.14%) Google App Engine
13 10 (0.13%) PaaS
14 8 (0.10%) Cloud Computing
14 8 (0.10%) Force.com
14 8 (0.10%) OpenShift
15 5 (0.063%) Virtual Private Cloud
15 5 (0.063%) Google Checkout
16 3 (0.038%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
16 3 (0.038%) CallidusCloud
Communications & Networking
1 300 (3.79%) HTTP
2 225 (2.84%) Internet
3 135 (1.70%) Intranet
4 56 (0.71%) Firewall
5 48 (0.61%) SSL
6 43 (0.54%) TCP/IP
7 41 (0.52%) DNS
8 39 (0.49%) LDAP
9 37 (0.47%) WAN
10 29 (0.37%) Cisco Nexus
11 26 (0.33%) Extranet
12 25 (0.32%) VPN
12 25 (0.32%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 24 (0.30%) BIG-IP
14 23 (0.29%) Cisco ASA
14 23 (0.29%) MPLS
15 19 (0.24%) HTTPS
15 19 (0.24%) LAN
16 18 (0.23%) VoIP
16 18 (0.23%) F5 BIG-IP GTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1250 (15.77%) SQL Server
2 898 (11.33%) MySQL
3 346 (4.37%) Relational Database
4 335 (4.23%) MongoDB
5 235 (2.96%) SQL Server 2008
6 160 (2.02%) NoSQL
7 136 (1.72%) SQL Server 2012
8 123 (1.55%) PostgreSQL
9 116 (1.46%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 94 (1.19%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 91 (1.15%) RDBMS
12 77 (0.97%) Oracle Database
13 68 (0.86%) Apache Cassandra
14 65 (0.82%) Redis
15 62 (0.78%) SQL Server 2005
16 49 (0.62%) Big Data
17 44 (0.56%) DB2
18 42 (0.53%) Data Warehouse
19 32 (0.40%) SQL Server Analysis Services
20 30 (0.38%) Oracle Database 11g
Development Applications
1 1077 (13.59%) Git (software)
2 546 (6.89%) Subversion
3 464 (5.85%) Grunt
4 435 (5.49%) Visual Studio
5 259 (3.27%) Jasmine
6 249 (3.14%) Team Foundation Server
7 238 (3.00%) Selenium
8 237 (2.99%) JIRA
9 228 (2.88%) Jenkins
10 193 (2.44%) Eclipse
11 189 (2.38%) Maven
12 160 (2.02%) Bower
13 158 (1.99%) Cucumber
14 155 (1.96%) gulp
15 142 (1.79%) JUnit
16 133 (1.68%) NUnit
17 120 (1.51%) Axure RP
18 119 (1.50%) Ant
19 92 (1.16%) TeamCity
20 90 (1.14%) Mocha
General
1 707 (8.92%) Finance
2 412 (5.20%) Marketing
3 275 (3.47%) Retail
4 270 (3.41%) Banking
5 134 (1.69%) Publishing
5 134 (1.69%) Telecoms
6 112 (1.41%) Games
7 103 (1.30%) Investment Banking
8 83 (1.05%) Advertising
9 55 (0.69%) Legal
10 44 (0.56%) Manufacturing
11 39 (0.49%) Multimedia
12 30 (0.38%) Automotive
13 29 (0.37%) Electronics
14 27 (0.34%) Back Office
15 22 (0.28%) Law
16 21 (0.26%) Financial Institution
16 21 (0.26%) Front Office
17 16 (0.20%) Military
18 14 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6421 (81.01%) Developer
2 1457 (18.38%) Front-End Developer
3 975 (12.30%) Web Developer
4 919 (11.59%) .NET Developer
5 641 (8.09%) JavaScript Developer
6 565 (7.13%) Java Developer
7 536 (6.76%) Senior Developer
8 517 (6.52%) Designer
9 449 (5.66%) C# Developer
10 407 (5.13%) PHP Developer
11 358 (4.52%) UI Developer
12 350 (4.42%) C# .NET Developer
13 340 (4.29%) UI Programmer
14 261 (3.29%) ASP.NET Developer
15 213 (2.69%) Front-End Web Developer
16 206 (2.60%) UX Designer
17 191 (2.41%) Architect
18 173 (2.18%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 163 (2.06%) SharePoint Developer
20 150 (1.89%) Full Stack Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7488 (94.47%) HTML
2 3544 (44.71%) HTML5
3 3016 (38.05%) jQuery
4 2767 (34.91%) CSS3
5 2063 (26.03%) .NET
6 1862 (23.49%) AngularJS
7 1457 (18.38%) ASP.NET
8 1041 (13.13%) Web Services
9 993 (12.53%) XML
10 987 (12.45%) Ajax
11 784 (9.89%) Sass
11 784 (9.89%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 710 (8.96%) ASP.NET MVC
13 676 (8.53%) JSON
14 671 (8.47%) Backbone.js
15 527 (6.65%) REST
16 493 (6.22%) .NET Framework
17 491 (6.19%) RESTful
18 476 (6.01%) XHTML
19 475 (5.99%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1085 (13.69%) User Experience
2 394 (4.97%) Mobile App
3 256 (3.23%) Analytical Skills
4 222 (2.80%) W3C
5 151 (1.91%) Visualisation
6 144 (1.82%) Computer Science
7 123 (1.55%) Enterprise Software
8 106 (1.34%) Graphic Design
9 95 (1.20%) Digital Media
10 94 (1.19%) Social Media
11 69 (0.87%) Management Information System
12 59 (0.74%) N-Tier
13 57 (0.72%) Inversion of Control
14 54 (0.68%) Data Structures
15 50 (0.63%) RIA
16 48 (0.61%) iPad
17 41 (0.52%) GIS
18 40 (0.50%) Client/Server
18 40 (0.50%) CMDB
19 38 (0.48%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 569 (7.18%) Linux
2 395 (4.98%) Windows
3 300 (3.79%) UNIX
4 250 (3.15%) Android
5 217 (2.74%) Apple iOS
6 101 (1.27%) Mac OS X
7 47 (0.59%) Solaris
8 37 (0.47%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 35 (0.44%) CentOS
10 25 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
10 25 (0.32%) Ubuntu
11 24 (0.30%) Windows Server 2012
11 24 (0.30%) Windows Phone
12 12 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
13 11 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
13 11 (0.14%) AIX
14 8 (0.10%) SUSE
15 7 (0.088%) Windows 7
16 4 (0.050%) Mac OS
16 4 (0.050%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 2974 (37.52%) Agile Software Development
2 1882 (23.74%) MVC
3 1599 (20.17%) TDD
4 1229 (15.51%) OO
5 1104 (13.93%) Scrum
6 959 (12.10%) Web Development
7 903 (11.39%) Responsive Web Design
8 832 (10.50%) E-Commerce
9 582 (7.34%) BDD
10 547 (6.90%) Continuous Integration
11 528 (6.66%) Web Design
12 454 (5.73%) Unit Testing
13 358 (4.52%) Content Management
14 356 (4.49%) Software Engineering
15 312 (3.94%) SOA
16 306 (3.86%) OOP
17 268 (3.38%) Open Source
18 259 (3.27%) SDLC
19 231 (2.91%) Analytics
20 207 (2.61%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6372 (80.39%) JavaScript
2 1770 (22.33%) C#
3 1634 (20.62%) Java
4 1372 (17.31%) SQL
5 1146 (14.46%) PHP
6 384 (4.84%) Ruby
7 270 (3.41%) Python
8 180 (2.27%) T-SQL
9 153 (1.93%) Scala
10 150 (1.89%) VB.NET
11 125 (1.58%) C++
12 112 (1.41%) PL/SQL
13 108 (1.36%) Perl
13 108 (1.36%) VB
14 94 (1.19%) Objective-C
14 94 (1.19%) PowerShell
15 83 (1.05%) C
16 79 (1.00%) PHP5
17 68 (0.86%) TypeScript
18 57 (0.72%) ActionScript
Qualifications
1 399 (5.03%) Degree
2 324 (4.09%) Security Cleared
3 186 (2.35%) SC Cleared
4 46 (0.58%) DV Cleared
5 40 (0.50%) Cisco Certification
6 31 (0.39%) Microsoft Certification
7 30 (0.38%) CCNP
8 24 (0.30%) ISEB
9 19 (0.24%) CCNA
9 19 (0.24%) Sun Certification
10 18 (0.23%) ISTQB
11 11 (0.14%) MCP
12 7 (0.088%) HND
12 7 (0.088%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.088%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 6 (0.076%) CTC Cleared
13 6 (0.076%) MCSD
14 4 (0.050%) OCPJP
14 4 (0.050%) MCTS
14 4 (0.050%) BC Cleared
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (2.69%) QA
2 21 (0.26%) WCAG
3 18 (0.23%) SLA
4 13 (0.16%) WAI
5 8 (0.10%) ISO 14001
5 8 (0.10%) ISO 9001
6 5 (0.063%) HL7
7 4 (0.050%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 3 (0.038%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 3 (0.038%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 3 (0.038%) Data Quality
9 2 (0.025%) PCI DSS
9 2 (0.025%) TickIT
9 2 (0.025%) COBIT
System Software
1 59 (0.74%) Active Directory
2 41 (0.52%) Varnish
3 36 (0.45%) VMware Infrastructure
4 29 (0.37%) Docker
5 9 (0.11%) vCloud
6 8 (0.10%) Squid
7 5 (0.063%) Hyper-V
8 4 (0.050%) ISA Server
8 4 (0.050%) Shibboleth
9 3 (0.038%) VMware ESXi
9 3 (0.038%) Snort
9 3 (0.038%) vSphere
9 3 (0.038%) VMware ESX
10 2 (0.025%) VMware Workstation
10 2 (0.025%) Firmware
10 2 (0.025%) HDFS
11 1 (0.013%) qmail
11 1 (0.013%) Postfix
11 1 (0.013%) Oracle RAC
11 1 (0.013%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 96 (1.21%) Puppet
2 50 (0.63%) Vagrant
3 38 (0.48%) Opscode Chef
4 31 (0.39%) Ansible
5 23 (0.29%) Salt
6 20 (0.25%) logstash
7 19 (0.24%) Graylog
8 17 (0.21%) Kibana
9 14 (0.18%) Rundeck
10 12 (0.15%) CiscoWorks
10 12 (0.15%) Capistrano
11 9 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
11 9 (0.11%) ZABBIX
11 9 (0.11%) HP UCMDB
12 8 (0.10%) HAProxy
13 7 (0.088%) Plesk
14 6 (0.076%) TeamSite
14 6 (0.076%) OPNET
14 6 (0.076%) CA Spectrum
15 4 (0.050%) Pingdom
Vendors
1 593 (7.48%) Microsoft
2 502 (6.33%) Adobe
3 411 (5.19%) Oracle
4 213 (2.69%) Google
5 158 (1.99%) Zend
6 127 (1.60%) Sitecore
7 117 (1.48%) IBM
8 100 (1.26%) Twitter
9 66 (0.83%) EPiServer
10 61 (0.77%) HP
11 58 (0.73%) ServiceNow
12 57 (0.72%) BMC
12 57 (0.72%) VMware
13 56 (0.71%) Cisco
14 55 (0.69%) Salesforce.com
15 52 (0.66%) hybris
16 44 (0.56%) Red Hat
17 43 (0.54%) New Relic
18 42 (0.53%) Apple
19 39 (0.49%) CA
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £280 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Hotfoot Recruitment
Rate: Up to £350 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £20.00 - £25.00 per hour
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Oxford, Oxfordshire
Mortimer Spinks
Posted: 2 hours ago
West London
Reed Technology
Rate: £375 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £370 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Square One Resources
Posted: 3 hours ago
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
Harvey Nash plc
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £300.00 - £360.00 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Posted: 4 hours ago
Cornwall
itecopeople
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
G2 Recruitment Solutions Ltd.
Rate: £65000
Posted: 17 hours ago
Buckinghamshire
Arrows Group
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Lorien Resourcing
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £375 to £400 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
West Yorkshire
Initi8 Recruitment
Rate: £350 - £400 Per Day
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Salt
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago