The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 28 August 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
28 Aug 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 18 18 20
Rank change year-on-year
0 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 4373 4181 3745
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.47% 7.52% 7.11%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.77% 26.77% 24.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 3118 2727 2464
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£365 £350 £338
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.28% +3.70%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £242 £220
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £490 £453
UK excluding London average daily rate £340 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+4.61% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 74 62 50
Average hourly rate £33.88 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-3.21% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £11.25 £17.50 £17.50
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £42.75 £71.00 £49.77
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
16337 15619 15306
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.89% 28.09% 29.06%
Number of daily rates quoted 11094 9900 9829
Average daily rate £400 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+6.66% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £285 £265 £260
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £365 £350 £325
% change year-on-year
+4.28% +7.69%
Number of hourly rates quoted 288 218 264
Average hourly rate £39.25 £35.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+12.14% -
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £17.50 £20.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £52.17 £71.00 £50.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £39.25 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+12.14% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 August 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 4106 £370 +5.71% 2133
London -1 1974 £400 +3.22% 673
South East +3 713 £335 +3.07% 351
City of London -4 345 £400 +6.52% 140
North West -6 281 £350 +7.69% 295
Yorkshire +3 271 £350 +21.21% 185
South West -6 227 £325 -3.70% 154
West Yorkshire +4 216 £350 +26.12% 112
East of England -4 200 £325 -3.70% 126
Leeds 0 173 £350 +37.25% 77
West Midlands -3 170 £320 +6.66% 173
Scotland +4 167 £338 -3.57% 79
Berkshire +5 162 £313 -10.71% 75
East Midlands +5 137 £310 +12.72% 134
North East +6 130 £400 +14.35% 44
Manchester -13 122 £325 - 141
Hampshire -1 117 £325 -7.14% 82
Tyne and Wear +6 110 £425 +14.86% 37
Newcastle upon Tyne 0 97 £430 +16.21% 34
Bristol +4 96 £350 - 32
Edinburgh +2 90 £350 -6.66% 27
Surrey -4 85 £400 +33.33% 43
Cheshire +12 84 £400 +23.07% 84
West Sussex +7 84 £365 +21.66% 21
Buckinghamshire +7 77 £300 -14.28% 34
Oxfordshire +9 72 £375 +25.00% 43
Reading -1 68 £350 +2.56% 35
Cambridgeshire -4 67 £325 +4.00% 53
Wales +3 62 £300 - 16
South Wales -3 55 £313 +4.16% 11

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 August 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7688 (94.44%) HTML
2 6532 (80.24%) JavaScript
3 3595 (44.16%) HTML5
4 3148 (38.67%) Agile Software Development
5 3070 (37.71%) jQuery
6 2775 (34.09%) CSS3
7 2094 (25.72%) .NET
8 1941 (23.84%) AngularJS
9 1866 (22.92%) MVC
10 1790 (21.99%) C#
11 1704 (20.93%) Java
12 1604 (19.70%) TDD
13 1456 (17.88%) SQL
14 1424 (17.49%) ASP.NET
15 1248 (15.33%) SQL Server
16 1217 (14.95%) PHP
17 1212 (14.89%) OO
18 1190 (14.62%) Git (software)
19 1130 (13.88%) Scrum
20 1116 (13.71%) User Experience
21 1033 (12.69%) Web Services
22 1014 (12.46%) XML
23 997 (12.25%) Ajax
24 984 (12.09%) Web Development
25 952 (11.69%) Responsive Web Design
26 908 (11.15%) E-Commerce
27 899 (11.04%) MySQL
28 825 (10.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
29 824 (10.12%) Sass
30 736 (9.04%) Node.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 28 August 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 736 (9.04%) Node.js
2 712 (8.75%) CMS
3 336 (4.13%) SharePoint
4 279 (3.43%) Drupal
5 274 (3.37%) Apache
6 238 (2.92%) WordPress
7 228 (2.80%) Tomcat
8 221 (2.71%) Adobe Experience Manager
9 183 (2.25%) IIS
10 174 (2.14%) SharePoint 2013
11 170 (2.09%) WebSphere
12 154 (1.89%) Umbraco
13 138 (1.70%) JBoss
14 124 (1.52%) Confluence
15 116 (1.42%) WebLogic
16 98 (1.20%) SharePoint 2010
17 73 (0.90%) Sitecore CMS
18 57 (0.70%) Elasticsearch
19 49 (0.60%) WebSphere Application Server
20 47 (0.58%) ColdFusion
Applications
1 529 (6.50%) Photoshop
2 250 (3.07%) Adobe Illustrator
3 184 (2.26%) MS Excel
4 112 (1.38%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 75 (0.92%) MS Office
6 49 (0.60%) Fireworks
7 46 (0.57%) MS Visio
8 39 (0.48%) InDesign
9 33 (0.41%) InfoPath
10 32 (0.39%) OmniGraffle
11 29 (0.36%) MS PowerPoint
12 18 (0.22%) Acrobat
13 17 (0.21%) Spreadsheet
14 12 (0.15%) MS Project
15 9 (0.11%) GIMP
16 6 (0.074%) Adobe After Effects
16 6 (0.074%) PowerPivot
17 2 (0.025%) ImageReady
18 1 (0.012%) Maya
18 1 (0.012%) 3ds Max
Business Applications
1 164 (2.01%) Magento
2 65 (0.80%) Dynamics CRM
3 18 (0.22%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 15 (0.18%) Tridion
5 14 (0.17%) Dynamics AX
6 13 (0.16%) Summit
7 12 (0.15%) Oracle BPM
8 11 (0.14%) WebTrends
9 9 (0.11%) BigMachines
10 6 (0.074%) Adobe Campaign
10 6 (0.074%) BASE24
11 5 (0.061%) Dynamics NAV
11 5 (0.061%) Cordys
12 4 (0.049%) Fredhopper
13 2 (0.025%) Oracle EBS
14 1 (0.012%) Maximo
14 1 (0.012%) Visualfiles
14 1 (0.012%) Markit EDM
14 1 (0.012%) Shopify
14 1 (0.012%) Unica
Cloud Services
1 146 (1.79%) Amazon AWS
2 123 (1.51%) Microsoft Azure
3 110 (1.35%) GitHub
4 101 (1.24%) Google Analytics
5 89 (1.09%) SaaS
6 53 (0.65%) Office 365
7 42 (0.52%) Adobe Analytics
8 29 (0.36%) Amazon EC2
9 26 (0.32%) Heroku
10 15 (0.18%) Amazon S3
11 13 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (0.15%) PaaS
12 12 (0.15%) Google Cloud Platform
13 10 (0.12%) OpenShift
13 10 (0.12%) Google App Engine
14 8 (0.098%) Force.com
15 6 (0.074%) IaaS
16 5 (0.061%) MailChimp
16 5 (0.061%) Virtual Private Cloud
16 5 (0.061%) Google Checkout
Communications & Networking
1 330 (4.05%) HTTP
2 234 (2.87%) Internet
3 130 (1.60%) Intranet
4 57 (0.70%) Firewall
5 56 (0.69%) SSL
6 46 (0.57%) TCP/IP
7 41 (0.50%) WAN
7 41 (0.50%) DNS
8 31 (0.38%) LDAP
9 26 (0.32%) VPN
10 24 (0.29%) LAN
10 24 (0.29%) MPLS
10 24 (0.29%) Cisco Nexus
11 23 (0.28%) FTP
12 22 (0.27%) Cisco ASA
13 20 (0.25%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
13 20 (0.25%) BIG-IP
14 19 (0.23%) HTTPS
14 19 (0.23%) Extranet
15 18 (0.22%) SSH
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1248 (15.33%) SQL Server
2 899 (11.04%) MySQL
3 358 (4.40%) MongoDB
4 352 (4.32%) Relational Database
5 243 (2.98%) SQL Server 2008
6 181 (2.22%) NoSQL
7 156 (1.92%) PostgreSQL
8 124 (1.52%) SQL Server 2012
9 117 (1.44%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 109 (1.34%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 95 (1.17%) RDBMS
12 85 (1.04%) Oracle Database
13 72 (0.88%) Apache Cassandra
14 71 (0.87%) Redis
15 54 (0.66%) SQL Server 2005
16 47 (0.58%) Oracle Database 11g
17 44 (0.54%) DB2
17 44 (0.54%) Data Warehouse
18 43 (0.53%) Big Data
19 41 (0.50%) SQL Server Analysis Services
Development Applications
1 1190 (14.62%) Git (software)
2 584 (7.17%) Subversion
3 464 (5.70%) Grunt
4 426 (5.23%) Visual Studio
5 280 (3.44%) Jenkins
6 267 (3.28%) JIRA
7 262 (3.22%) Jasmine
8 254 (3.12%) Team Foundation Server
9 242 (2.97%) Selenium
10 213 (2.62%) Maven
11 208 (2.55%) Eclipse
12 172 (2.11%) gulp
13 159 (1.95%) Cucumber
14 146 (1.79%) Bower
15 134 (1.65%) Axure RP
16 132 (1.62%) JUnit
17 123 (1.51%) Ant
18 122 (1.50%) NUnit
19 97 (1.19%) TeamCity
20 85 (1.04%) Mocha
General
1 735 (9.03%) Finance
2 420 (5.16%) Marketing
3 298 (3.66%) Banking
4 290 (3.56%) Retail
5 156 (1.92%) Telecoms
6 142 (1.74%) Publishing
7 98 (1.20%) Investment Banking
8 89 (1.09%) Games
9 86 (1.06%) Advertising
10 61 (0.75%) Legal
11 51 (0.63%) Manufacturing
12 42 (0.52%) Multimedia
13 31 (0.38%) Automotive
14 28 (0.34%) Electronics
15 25 (0.31%) Financial Institution
16 23 (0.28%) Military
17 21 (0.26%) Front Office
18 20 (0.25%) Back Office
19 17 (0.21%) Law
20 15 (0.18%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6606 (81.14%) Developer
2 1538 (18.89%) Front-End Developer
3 1007 (12.37%) Web Developer
4 883 (10.85%) .NET Developer
5 624 (7.66%) JavaScript Developer
6 593 (7.28%) Java Developer
7 553 (6.79%) Senior Developer
8 534 (6.56%) Designer
9 423 (5.20%) PHP Developer
10 418 (5.13%) C# Developer
11 363 (4.46%) UI Developer
12 345 (4.24%) UI Programmer
13 321 (3.94%) C# .NET Developer
14 233 (2.86%) ASP.NET Developer
15 222 (2.73%) Front-End Web Developer
16 214 (2.63%) UX Designer
17 196 (2.41%) Architect
18 169 (2.08%) Full Stack Developer
19 155 (1.90%) SharePoint Developer
20 150 (1.84%) C# ASP.NET Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7688 (94.44%) HTML
2 3595 (44.16%) HTML5
3 3070 (37.71%) jQuery
4 2775 (34.09%) CSS3
5 2094 (25.72%) .NET
6 1941 (23.84%) AngularJS
7 1424 (17.49%) ASP.NET
8 1033 (12.69%) Web Services
9 1014 (12.46%) XML
10 997 (12.25%) Ajax
11 825 (10.13%) Twitter Bootstrap
12 824 (10.12%) Sass
13 699 (8.59%) JSON
14 682 (8.38%) ASP.NET MVC
15 665 (8.17%) Backbone.js
16 535 (6.57%) REST
17 507 (6.23%) RESTful
18 492 (6.04%) XHTML
19 481 (5.91%) .NET Framework
20 470 (5.77%) Spring
Miscellaneous
1 1116 (13.71%) User Experience
2 402 (4.94%) Mobile App
3 272 (3.34%) Analytical Skills
4 221 (2.71%) W3C
5 150 (1.84%) Visualisation
6 145 (1.78%) Computer Science
7 114 (1.40%) Enterprise Software
8 112 (1.38%) Social Media
9 107 (1.31%) Digital Media
9 107 (1.31%) Graphic Design
10 73 (0.90%) Management Information System
11 64 (0.79%) N-Tier
12 53 (0.65%) Inversion of Control
13 50 (0.61%) RIA
14 41 (0.50%) Data Structures
15 40 (0.49%) iPad
15 40 (0.49%) GIS
16 39 (0.48%) CMDB
16 39 (0.48%) Animation
17 38 (0.47%) Client/Server
Operating Systems
1 642 (7.89%) Linux
2 398 (4.89%) Windows
3 326 (4.00%) UNIX
4 242 (2.97%) Android
5 218 (2.68%) Apple iOS
6 113 (1.39%) Mac OS X
7 53 (0.65%) Solaris
8 48 (0.59%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 37 (0.45%) CentOS
10 28 (0.34%) Ubuntu
11 26 (0.32%) Windows Server 2008
12 24 (0.29%) Windows Server 2012
12 24 (0.29%) Windows Phone
13 17 (0.21%) AIX
14 15 (0.18%) Mac OS
15 13 (0.16%) Oracle Linux
16 11 (0.14%) Windows Server 2003
17 9 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
18 8 (0.098%) SUSE
19 4 (0.049%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 3148 (38.67%) Agile Software Development
2 1866 (22.92%) MVC
3 1604 (19.70%) TDD
4 1212 (14.89%) OO
5 1130 (13.88%) Scrum
6 984 (12.09%) Web Development
7 952 (11.69%) Responsive Web Design
8 908 (11.15%) E-Commerce
9 611 (7.51%) Continuous Integration
10 610 (7.49%) BDD
11 551 (6.77%) Web Design
12 485 (5.96%) Unit Testing
13 363 (4.46%) Content Management
14 348 (4.27%) Software Engineering
15 338 (4.15%) SOA
16 299 (3.67%) OOP
17 292 (3.59%) Open Source
18 287 (3.53%) SDLC
19 231 (2.84%) Analytics
20 226 (2.78%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6532 (80.24%) JavaScript
2 1790 (21.99%) C#
3 1704 (20.93%) Java
4 1456 (17.88%) SQL
5 1217 (14.95%) PHP
6 394 (4.84%) Ruby
7 292 (3.59%) Python
8 194 (2.38%) T-SQL
9 160 (1.97%) VB.NET
10 156 (1.92%) Scala
11 141 (1.73%) C++
11 141 (1.73%) VB
12 123 (1.51%) PL/SQL
13 111 (1.36%) Perl
14 108 (1.33%) PowerShell
15 97 (1.19%) C
16 91 (1.12%) Objective-C
17 76 (0.93%) Shell Script
18 72 (0.88%) ActionScript
19 71 (0.87%) TypeScript
Qualifications
1 371 (4.56%) Degree
2 351 (4.31%) Security Cleared
3 194 (2.38%) SC Cleared
4 42 (0.52%) DV Cleared
5 39 (0.48%) Cisco Certification
6 31 (0.38%) CCNP
7 23 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
8 22 (0.27%) ISEB
9 21 (0.26%) CCNA
10 19 (0.23%) Sun Certification
11 16 (0.20%) ISTQB
12 9 (0.11%) MCP
13 8 (0.098%) BC Cleared
14 7 (0.086%) ITIL Certification
14 7 (0.086%) HND
15 5 (0.061%) OCPJP
15 5 (0.061%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
16 4 (0.049%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
16 4 (0.049%) MCSD
17 3 (0.037%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 226 (2.78%) QA
2 23 (0.28%) WCAG
3 15 (0.18%) SLA
4 14 (0.17%) WAI
5 11 (0.14%) ISO 9001
6 10 (0.12%) ISO 14001
7 7 (0.086%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 4 (0.049%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 4 (0.049%) HL7
9 3 (0.037%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.025%) 21 CFR Part 11
10 2 (0.025%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.025%) TickIT
10 2 (0.025%) COBIT
11 1 (0.012%) GxP
11 1 (0.012%) ARP4754
11 1 (0.012%) ARP4761
System Software
1 62 (0.76%) Active Directory
2 46 (0.57%) Varnish
3 41 (0.50%) Docker
4 38 (0.47%) VMware Infrastructure
5 14 (0.17%) Hyper-V
6 12 (0.15%) vCloud
7 10 (0.12%) Squid
8 6 (0.074%) VMware ESXi
9 4 (0.049%) Shibboleth
9 4 (0.049%) ISA Server
9 4 (0.049%) BitLocker
10 3 (0.037%) VMware ESX
10 3 (0.037%) vSphere
10 3 (0.037%) Snort
11 2 (0.025%) VMware Workstation
12 1 (0.012%) qmail
12 1 (0.012%) Postfix
12 1 (0.012%) VirtualBox
12 1 (0.012%) HDFS
12 1 (0.012%) GlusterFS
Systems Management
1 88 (1.08%) Puppet
2 56 (0.69%) Vagrant
3 36 (0.44%) Opscode Chef
3 36 (0.44%) Ansible
4 27 (0.33%) Salt
5 25 (0.31%) logstash
6 20 (0.25%) Kibana
7 17 (0.21%) Rundeck
8 14 (0.17%) Capistrano
9 13 (0.16%) Graylog
10 12 (0.15%) ZABBIX
10 12 (0.15%) CiscoWorks
11 10 (0.12%) HAProxy
12 8 (0.098%) HP Quality Center
12 8 (0.098%) HP UCMDB
13 7 (0.086%) Plesk
13 7 (0.086%) CA Spectrum
14 6 (0.074%) Cacti
14 6 (0.074%) OpenView
15 5 (0.061%) TeamSite
Vendors
1 592 (7.27%) Microsoft
2 562 (6.90%) Adobe
3 431 (5.29%) Oracle
4 201 (2.47%) Google
5 153 (1.88%) Zend
6 113 (1.39%) IBM
7 108 (1.33%) Sitecore
8 106 (1.30%) Twitter
9 66 (0.81%) VMware
10 64 (0.79%) Salesforce.com
11 63 (0.77%) HP
12 61 (0.75%) EPiServer
13 59 (0.72%) ServiceNow
14 58 (0.71%) hybris
14 58 (0.71%) Red Hat
15 51 (0.63%) BMC
15 51 (0.63%) Cisco
16 47 (0.58%) New Relic
17 39 (0.48%) Facebook
17 39 (0.48%) CA
Taunton, Somerset
Capita
Posted: 15 hours ago
City, London
IT Rockstars Recruitment
Posted: 23 hours ago
City, London
IT Rockstars Recruitment
Posted: 23 hours ago
East Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: Yesterday
West London
Venturi
Rate: £0.00 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £280 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £230 - £300 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £400.00 - £600.00 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Scotland
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £375 - 415 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Somerset
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £300 - 350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive Rates
Posted: Yesterday
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: Competitive Rates
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £400 - £450 per annum
Posted: Yesterday
Pontypridd, Mid Glamorgan
Computer Recruiter Ltd
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: Yesterday
London
Venturi
Rate: £300.00 - £400 per day
Posted: Yesterday
Leicester, Leicestershire
Greywood Associates Limited
Rate: £325 - £350 per day + Benefits
Posted: Yesterday
Greater Manchester
Venn Group
Rate: £200 - £250 Per Day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Austin Fraser
Rate: £350 - £450 per day + Market Rates
Posted: Yesterday