The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 30 January 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
30 Jan 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 22 20 20
Rank change year-on-year
-2 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 3681 3325 2905
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.21% 6.90% 6.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.63% 25.62% 23.05%
Number of daily rates quoted 2519 2133 1904
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £336 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+11.52% +3.46%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £235 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £341 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
+5.00% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 44 55 68
Average hourly rate £32.50 £30.00 £27.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+8.33% +9.09%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.00 £11.70 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £48.50 £58.50 £40.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £32.50 £27.50 £29.50
% change year-on-year
+18.18% -6.77%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
13821 12977 12603
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.08% 26.94% 28.23%
Number of daily rates quoted 9280 8153 7957
Average daily rate £388 £375 £360
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% +4.16%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 190 267 323
Average hourly rate £33.50 £32.50 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+3.07% -7.14%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £20.93 £14.03 £19.12
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £45.90 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £33.50 £32.50 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+3.07% -7.14%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 30 January 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 30 January 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 30 January 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3345 £375 +11.11% 2092
London +3 1659 £400 +9.58% 660
South East +10 670 £350 +7.69% 344
City of London +3 344 £400 +6.66% 176
North West 0 227 £325 +1.56% 280
Scotland +2 197 £375 +25.00% 66
Yorkshire +2 193 £338 +12.50% 174
South West -11 185 £338 +3.84% 213
East of England -9 160 £350 - 158
Berkshire -1 150 £330 -5.71% 91
West Yorkshire +1 135 £350 +16.66% 98
Manchester -1 132 £325 +1.56% 154
Hampshire -4 118 £350 +7.69% 62
Leeds +1 108 £350 +16.66% 62
Edinburgh +4 104 £375 +15.38% 22
Surrey +17 103 £375 +30.43% 44
West Midlands -11 102 £328 +19.09% 110
Buckinghamshire +14 83 £338 +3.84% 32
East Midlands -6 79 £300 - 108
Cambridgeshire -7 70 £375 +15.38% 58
East Sussex -1 64 £288 +15.57% 27
Wales +9 63 £450 +38.46% 28
Brighton 0 63 £290 +22.75% 21
Glasgow 0 61 £350 +47.36% 36
Hertfordshire -6 57 £330 -17.50% 37
North East +15 53 £325 +13.04% 42
Milton Keynes +9 53 £320 -8.57% 20
Bristol -13 53 £325 -3.34% 69
Reading -4 51 £325 -7.14% 40
Cheshire +2 50 £350 +16.66% 59

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 30 January 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7500 (94.08%) HTML
2 6340 (79.53%) JavaScript
3 3493 (43.82%) HTML5
4 3326 (41.72%) jQuery
5 2929 (36.74%) Agile Software Development
6 2787 (34.96%) CSS3
7 2127 (26.68%) .NET
8 2055 (25.78%) MVC
9 1811 (22.72%) C#
10 1619 (20.31%) Java
11 1492 (18.72%) TDD
12 1470 (18.44%) AngularJS
13 1443 (18.10%) ASP.NET
14 1439 (18.05%) SQL
15 1316 (16.51%) OO
16 1295 (16.24%) PHP
17 1276 (16.01%) XML
18 1258 (15.78%) Ajax
19 1220 (15.30%) SQL Server
20 1116 (14.00%) User Experience
21 1113 (13.96%) Web Services
22 1073 (13.46%) Git (software)
23 1004 (12.59%) Web Development
24 976 (12.24%) Scrum
25 936 (11.74%) MySQL
26 871 (10.93%) Responsive Web Design
27 779 (9.77%) JSON
28 757 (9.50%) CMS
29 721 (9.04%) Finance
30 710 (8.91%) Microsoft

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 30 January 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 757 (9.50%) CMS
2 669 (8.39%) Node.js
3 512 (6.42%) SharePoint
4 354 (4.44%) Apache
5 266 (3.34%) Drupal
6 258 (3.24%) Tomcat
7 256 (3.21%) IIS
8 246 (3.09%) SharePoint 2013
9 202 (2.53%) WordPress
10 178 (2.23%) SharePoint 2010
11 137 (1.72%) Umbraco
12 133 (1.67%) JBoss
13 121 (1.52%) WebSphere
14 108 (1.35%) Adobe CQ
15 105 (1.32%) Sitecore CMS
16 75 (0.94%) WebLogic
17 58 (0.73%) nginx
18 50 (0.63%) Apache Solr
19 48 (0.60%) Elasticsearch
20 42 (0.53%) Confluence
Applications
1 583 (7.31%) Photoshop
2 319 (4.00%) Adobe Illustrator
3 218 (2.73%) MS Excel
4 141 (1.77%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 78 (0.98%) Fireworks
6 64 (0.80%) MS Office
7 35 (0.44%) InfoPath
8 34 (0.43%) InDesign
9 32 (0.40%) MS Visio
10 29 (0.36%) MS PowerPoint
11 24 (0.30%) OmniGraffle
12 19 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
13 15 (0.19%) Spreadsheet
14 13 (0.16%) Acrobat
15 10 (0.13%) MS Project
15 10 (0.13%) Adobe Captivate
16 8 (0.10%) GIMP
17 6 (0.075%) ImageReady
18 4 (0.050%) Adobe Premiere
19 3 (0.038%) PaintShop Pro
Business Applications
1 156 (1.96%) Magento
2 113 (1.42%) Dynamics CRM
3 38 (0.48%) Google Analytics
4 30 (0.38%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 20 (0.25%) Tridion
6 11 (0.14%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.13%) SiteCatalyst
7 10 (0.13%) WebTrends
8 9 (0.11%) RMDS
8 9 (0.11%) ION MarketView
9 7 (0.088%) Dynamics NAV
9 7 (0.088%) Summit
10 5 (0.063%) Cognos Business Intelligence
10 5 (0.063%) Oracle BPM
10 5 (0.063%) Oracle Payables
11 4 (0.050%) osCommerce
12 3 (0.038%) Siebel Analytics
12 3 (0.038%) Oracle CRM
12 3 (0.038%) Cordys
12 3 (0.038%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 119 (1.49%) Microsoft Azure
2 80 (1.00%) Amazon AWS
3 62 (0.78%) Office 365
4 57 (0.72%) GitHub
5 52 (0.65%) Amazon EC2
6 46 (0.58%) SaaS
7 28 (0.35%) Heroku
8 26 (0.33%) Amazon S3
9 14 (0.18%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.15%) Force.com
10 12 (0.15%) PaaS
11 10 (0.13%) Google Cloud Platform
11 10 (0.13%) Yammer
12 8 (0.10%) OpenShift
13 5 (0.063%) Google App Engine
13 5 (0.063%) Amazon SQS
14 3 (0.038%) IaaS
15 2 (0.025%) Google Apps
16 1 (0.013%) Rackspace Cloud
16 1 (0.013%) Responsys
Communications & Networking
1 234 (2.94%) HTTP
2 211 (2.65%) Internet
3 166 (2.08%) Intranet
4 72 (0.90%) LDAP
5 40 (0.50%) Firewall
6 38 (0.48%) TCP/IP
6 38 (0.48%) HTTPS
7 31 (0.39%) SSL
8 28 (0.35%) VPN
9 23 (0.29%) DNS
10 20 (0.25%) FTP
11 17 (0.21%) SSH
11 17 (0.21%) Extranet
11 17 (0.21%) Cisco Nexus
12 15 (0.19%) BIG-IP
13 14 (0.18%) BGP
13 14 (0.18%) Network Security
14 13 (0.16%) SNMP
14 13 (0.16%) OSPF
14 13 (0.16%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1220 (15.30%) SQL Server
2 936 (11.74%) MySQL
3 403 (5.06%) Relational Database
4 338 (4.24%) SQL Server 2008
5 227 (2.85%) MongoDB
6 168 (2.11%) NoSQL
7 144 (1.81%) Oracle Database
8 142 (1.78%) SQL Server 2012
9 127 (1.59%) PostgreSQL
10 123 (1.54%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 114 (1.43%) RDBMS
12 113 (1.42%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 84 (1.05%) SQL Server 2005
14 74 (0.93%) Oracle Database 11g
15 54 (0.68%) Data Warehouse
16 51 (0.64%) Redis
17 49 (0.61%) Big Data
18 46 (0.58%) Oracle Database 10g
19 43 (0.54%) Apache Cassandra
20 41 (0.51%) MS Access
Development Applications
1 1073 (13.46%) Git (software)
2 577 (7.24%) Subversion
3 510 (6.40%) Visual Studio
4 350 (4.39%) Grunt
5 343 (4.30%) Team Foundation Server
6 287 (3.60%) Selenium
7 286 (3.59%) Jasmine
8 260 (3.26%) JUnit
9 252 (3.16%) Jenkins
10 233 (2.92%) JIRA
11 218 (2.73%) Maven
12 198 (2.48%) Eclipse
13 193 (2.42%) Cucumber
14 176 (2.21%) Axure RP
15 145 (1.82%) Ant
16 123 (1.54%) NUnit
17 120 (1.51%) Dreamweaver
18 113 (1.42%) Bower
19 87 (1.09%) WebDriver
20 86 (1.08%) Mocha
General
1 721 (9.04%) Finance
2 389 (4.88%) Marketing
3 355 (4.45%) Banking
4 226 (2.83%) Retail
5 157 (1.97%) Publishing
6 143 (1.79%) Telecoms
7 114 (1.43%) Advertising
8 105 (1.32%) Games
9 95 (1.19%) Investment Banking
10 66 (0.83%) Legal
11 51 (0.64%) Manufacturing
12 38 (0.48%) Electronics
13 32 (0.40%) Financial Institution
14 30 (0.38%) Law
15 29 (0.36%) Front Office
16 26 (0.33%) Multimedia
17 20 (0.25%) Automotive
18 19 (0.24%) Back Office
19 12 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
20 9 (0.11%) Music Industry
Job Titles
1 6524 (81.84%) Developer
2 1480 (18.56%) Front-End Developer
3 1003 (12.58%) Web Developer
4 843 (10.57%) .NET Developer
5 670 (8.40%) Senior Developer
6 626 (7.85%) Java Developer
7 577 (7.24%) Designer
8 534 (6.70%) JavaScript Developer
9 523 (6.56%) PHP Developer
10 438 (5.49%) C# Developer
11 300 (3.76%) C# .NET Developer
12 288 (3.61%) UI Developer
13 275 (3.45%) UI Programmer
14 247 (3.10%) ASP.NET Developer
15 235 (2.95%) UX Designer
16 224 (2.81%) SharePoint Developer
17 201 (2.52%) Front-End Web Developer
18 176 (2.21%) Architect
19 174 (2.18%) C# ASP.NET Developer
20 149 (1.87%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7500 (94.08%) HTML
2 3493 (43.82%) HTML5
3 3326 (41.72%) jQuery
4 2787 (34.96%) CSS3
5 2127 (26.68%) .NET
6 1470 (18.44%) AngularJS
7 1443 (18.10%) ASP.NET
8 1276 (16.01%) XML
9 1258 (15.78%) Ajax
10 1113 (13.96%) Web Services
11 779 (9.77%) JSON
12 684 (8.58%) Backbone.js
13 651 (8.17%) Sass
14 636 (7.98%) ASP.NET MVC
15 628 (7.88%) Twitter Bootstrap
16 608 (7.63%) REST
17 590 (7.40%) Spring
18 555 (6.96%) .NET Framework
19 506 (6.35%) XHTML
20 471 (5.91%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 1116 (14.00%) User Experience
2 363 (4.55%) Mobile App
3 312 (3.91%) Open Source
4 248 (3.11%) Analytical Skills
5 244 (3.06%) W3C
6 227 (2.85%) Computer Science
7 171 (2.15%) Visualisation
8 124 (1.56%) Enterprise Software
9 107 (1.34%) Digital Media
10 98 (1.23%) Social Media
11 81 (1.02%) Graphic Design
12 65 (0.82%) Inversion of Control
13 58 (0.73%) Web 2.0
14 55 (0.69%) RIA
15 54 (0.68%) Management Information System
16 53 (0.66%) N-Tier
17 51 (0.64%) Algorithms
18 49 (0.61%) Animation
19 46 (0.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
20 44 (0.55%) E-Learning
Operating Systems
1 685 (8.59%) Linux
2 411 (5.16%) UNIX
3 332 (4.16%) Windows
4 296 (3.71%) Apple iOS
5 277 (3.47%) Android
6 168 (2.11%) Mac OS X
7 46 (0.58%) Windows Server 2008
8 36 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 35 (0.44%) CentOS
10 32 (0.40%) Windows Phone
11 29 (0.36%) AIX
12 26 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
12 26 (0.33%) Solaris
13 15 (0.19%) VMS
13 15 (0.19%) Windows 7
14 12 (0.15%) Debian
14 12 (0.15%) Windows Server 2003
15 11 (0.14%) Windows Mobile
16 10 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
16 10 (0.13%) Mac OS
Processes & Methodologies
1 2929 (36.74%) Agile Software Development
2 2055 (25.78%) MVC
3 1492 (18.72%) TDD
4 1316 (16.51%) OO
5 1004 (12.59%) Web Development
6 976 (12.24%) Scrum
7 871 (10.93%) Responsive Web Design
8 702 (8.81%) E-Commerce
9 600 (7.53%) BDD
10 534 (6.70%) Web Design
11 474 (5.95%) Continuous Integration
12 466 (5.85%) Unit Testing
13 409 (5.13%) OOP
14 310 (3.89%) Content Management
15 301 (3.78%) Software Engineering
16 273 (3.42%) SOA
17 240 (3.01%) Mentoring
18 199 (2.50%) CRM
19 183 (2.30%) Workflow
20 182 (2.28%) Kanban
Programming Languages
1 6340 (79.53%) JavaScript
2 1811 (22.72%) C#
3 1619 (20.31%) Java
4 1439 (18.05%) SQL
5 1295 (16.24%) PHP
6 476 (5.97%) Ruby
7 410 (5.14%) Python
8 235 (2.95%) T-SQL
9 188 (2.36%) PL/SQL
10 187 (2.35%) Scala
11 147 (1.84%) PHP5
12 141 (1.77%) Perl
13 127 (1.59%) VB.NET
14 98 (1.23%) C
15 91 (1.14%) C++
16 87 (1.09%) Shell Script
17 79 (0.99%) Bash Shell
18 76 (0.95%) VBA
19 72 (0.90%) VB
20 61 (0.77%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 460 (5.77%) Degree
2 267 (3.35%) Security Cleared
3 149 (1.87%) SC Cleared
4 29 (0.36%) Microsoft Certification
5 28 (0.35%) Cisco Certification
6 26 (0.33%) ISEB
7 17 (0.21%) DV Cleared
8 13 (0.16%) CCNA
9 12 (0.15%) ISTQB
10 9 (0.11%) Sun Certification
11 8 (0.10%) MCP
12 7 (0.088%) BC Cleared
12 7 (0.088%) CCNP
13 6 (0.075%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
14 5 (0.063%) CTC Cleared
14 5 (0.063%) HND
14 5 (0.063%) ITIL Certification
15 3 (0.038%) Oracle Certification
15 3 (0.038%) CCIE
15 3 (0.038%) CCSP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 195 (2.45%) QA
2 30 (0.38%) WCAG
3 22 (0.28%) ISO 9001
3 22 (0.28%) WAI
4 17 (0.21%) SLA
5 11 (0.14%) HL7
6 8 (0.10%) COBIT
7 6 (0.075%) ISO 14001
8 2 (0.025%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.025%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.025%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.013%) GxP
9 1 (0.013%) Data Quality
System Software
1 34 (0.43%) VMware Infrastructure
2 30 (0.38%) Active Directory
3 27 (0.34%) Docker
4 14 (0.18%) VirtualBox
5 12 (0.15%) Shibboleth
6 11 (0.14%) Varnish
7 10 (0.13%) VMware ESX
8 8 (0.10%) vCloud
9 7 (0.088%) Veritas Cluster Server
10 5 (0.063%) NFS
11 3 (0.038%) ProxySG
11 3 (0.038%) Hyper-V
12 2 (0.025%) RHEV
12 2 (0.025%) IAG
12 2 (0.025%) VMware ESXi
12 2 (0.025%) XenApp
12 2 (0.025%) XenDesktop
12 2 (0.025%) DFS Replication
12 2 (0.025%) Firmware
12 2 (0.025%) Terminal Services
Systems Management
1 77 (0.97%) Puppet
2 37 (0.46%) Vagrant
3 34 (0.43%) Ansible
4 23 (0.29%) Opscode Chef
5 15 (0.19%) Graylog2
6 14 (0.18%) HP UCMDB
7 12 (0.15%) Capistrano
8 10 (0.13%) OPNET
9 9 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
10 8 (0.10%) OpenSSO
11 5 (0.063%) logstash
11 5 (0.063%) Salt
12 4 (0.050%) Kibana
12 4 (0.050%) Zenoss
13 3 (0.038%) Tivoli Identity Manager
13 3 (0.038%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.038%) cPanel
13 3 (0.038%) OpenAM
14 2 (0.025%) OpenIDM
14 2 (0.025%) NetBackup
Vendors
1 710 (8.91%) Microsoft
2 530 (6.65%) Oracle
3 424 (5.32%) Adobe
4 196 (2.46%) Zend
5 182 (2.28%) Google
6 134 (1.68%) Sitecore
7 111 (1.39%) Twitter
8 80 (1.00%) IBM
9 60 (0.75%) SAP
9 60 (0.75%) EPiServer
10 56 (0.70%) Facebook
11 51 (0.64%) VMware
12 50 (0.63%) hybris
13 47 (0.59%) Salesforce.com
14 44 (0.55%) ServiceNow
14 44 (0.55%) Ektron
15 42 (0.53%) Open Text
15 42 (0.53%) Red Hat
16 36 (0.45%) Cisco
17 35 (0.44%) Sybase
Jersey, Channel Isles
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £200 - £275 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Yoh
Posted: Yesterday
London
QUANTICA
Rate: £225 - £250 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West London
Experis Ltd
Rate: £300.00 - £335.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Rullion IT Plus
Posted: 2 days ago
Derby, Derbyshire
HAYS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Rate: £300.00 - £350.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: From £250 to £300 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Portsmouth, Hampshire
Blue Glue
Rate: From £400 to £400 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Glasgow, Lanarkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £375 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire
Roc Search
Posted: 2 days ago
London
McGregor Boyall
Posted: 2 days ago
Wendover, Buckinghamshire
InterAct Consulting
Posted: 2 days ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
eCom Recruitment
Rate: From £150 to £200 per day Up to £200/day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
Client Server
Rate: £400 to £425 p/day
Posted: 2 days ago
Crawley, West Sussex
Proactive Appointments
Rate: £300 per annum
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Testing Circle Ltd
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £200.00 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
Crawley, West Sussex
Gold Group
Rate: £350 - £400 per annum + benefits
Posted: 2 days ago