The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 19 December 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
19 Dec 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 20 20
Rank change year-on-year
+1 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 4021 3697 3287
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.29% 7.16% 6.62%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.04% 25.73% 23.44%
Number of daily rates quoted 2861 2448 2167
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+16.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 46 83 81
Average hourly rate £33.25 £33.00 £27.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+0.75% +20.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £15.25 £12.60 £13.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £42.50 £40.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £33.50 £33.00 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+1.51% +10.00%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14868 14366 14021
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.95% 27.84% 28.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 10163 9229 8765
Average daily rate £395 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+5.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 191 300 383
Average hourly rate £35.00 £33.50 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+4.47% -1.47%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £18.50 £16.50 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £50.00 £42.50 £43.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £34.00
% change year-on-year
+6.06% -2.94%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 December 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 December 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 December 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 3666 £375 +15.38% 1726
London +3 1809 £400 +6.66% 536
South East +2 722 £340 +7.93% 352
City of London -3 366 £400 +5.96% 184
North West -3 256 £325 +8.33% 213
Scotland +3 221 £350 +12.00% 66
South West -6 199 £325 - 155
East of England -10 197 £375 +15.38% 113
Yorkshire +2 174 £350 +23.89% 161
Berkshire -9 167 £350 +7.69% 54
Manchester +1 159 £325 +1.56% 134
Surrey +20 130 £350 +39.44% 33
Hampshire -10 125 £350 +7.69% 102
West Midlands -8 120 £325 +18.18% 87
East Midlands 0 115 £325 +18.18% 66
West Yorkshire 0 113 £388 +40.90% 86
Edinburgh +4 110 £375 +17.64% 23
Leeds 0 90 £425 +51.11% 44
Glasgow +4 83 £345 +45.26% 29
Oxfordshire -6 79 £356 +29.54% 60
Wales +19 72 £450 +71.42% 20
Buckinghamshire +2 72 £350 +7.69% 21
Bristol -1 69 £325 -7.14% 39
Reading -3 68 £383 +9.28% 17
South Wales +23 64 £450 +71.42% 11
Cambridgeshire -3 64 £375 +15.38% 39
North East +10 57 £361 +11.15% 39
Essex +8 55 £425 +70.00% 11
Cheshire -6 54 £350 +16.66% 45
Tyne and Wear +7 53 £361 +20.41% 32

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7823 (94.18%) HTML
2 6492 (78.16%) JavaScript
3 3655 (44.00%) HTML5
4 3427 (41.26%) jQuery
5 3053 (36.76%) Agile Software Development
6 2908 (35.01%) CSS3
7 2235 (26.91%) .NET
8 2137 (25.73%) MVC
9 1896 (22.83%) C#
10 1591 (19.15%) Java
11 1537 (18.50%) ASP.NET
11 1537 (18.50%) TDD
12 1488 (17.91%) SQL
13 1453 (17.49%) AngularJS
14 1412 (17.00%) PHP
15 1378 (16.59%) OO
16 1355 (16.31%) XML
17 1339 (16.12%) Ajax
18 1296 (15.60%) SQL Server
19 1173 (14.12%) User Experience
20 1121 (13.50%) Git (software)
21 1119 (13.47%) Web Services
22 1083 (13.04%) Web Development
23 1032 (12.42%) Scrum
24 1029 (12.39%) MySQL
25 965 (11.62%) Responsive Web Design
26 822 (9.90%) JSON
27 817 (9.84%) CMS
28 791 (9.52%) E-Commerce
29 733 (8.82%) Backbone.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 19 December 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 817 (9.84%) CMS
2 674 (8.11%) Node.js
3 504 (6.07%) SharePoint
4 373 (4.49%) Apache
5 281 (3.38%) Drupal
6 279 (3.36%) IIS
7 255 (3.07%) Tomcat
8 239 (2.88%) SharePoint 2013
9 224 (2.70%) WordPress
10 188 (2.26%) SharePoint 2010
11 135 (1.63%) WebSphere
12 132 (1.59%) JBoss
13 131 (1.58%) Umbraco
14 108 (1.30%) Adobe CQ
15 104 (1.25%) Sitecore CMS
16 62 (0.75%) WebLogic
17 50 (0.60%) nginx
17 50 (0.60%) Confluence
18 48 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
19 46 (0.55%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 653 (7.86%) Photoshop
2 361 (4.35%) Adobe Illustrator
3 214 (2.58%) MS Excel
4 116 (1.40%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 79 (0.95%) Fireworks
6 64 (0.77%) MS Office
7 38 (0.46%) InfoPath
7 38 (0.46%) InDesign
8 32 (0.39%) MS PowerPoint
9 30 (0.36%) OmniGraffle
10 21 (0.25%) MS Visio
11 18 (0.22%) Acrobat
11 18 (0.22%) Adobe After Effects
12 11 (0.13%) MS Project
13 10 (0.12%) Adobe Captivate
14 9 (0.11%) Spreadsheet
15 7 (0.084%) GIMP
16 5 (0.060%) Adobe Premiere
17 3 (0.036%) PaintShop Pro
17 3 (0.036%) AutoCAD
Business Applications
1 153 (1.84%) Magento
2 92 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 43 (0.52%) Google Analytics
4 27 (0.33%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 19 (0.23%) SiteCatalyst
6 18 (0.22%) Tridion
7 17 (0.20%) WebTrends
8 16 (0.19%) Dynamics AX
9 10 (0.12%) Summit
10 9 (0.11%) ION MarketView
10 9 (0.11%) RMDS
11 7 (0.084%) Oracle Payables
12 6 (0.072%) Dynamics NAV
13 5 (0.060%) Oracle BPM
13 5 (0.060%) Cognos Business Intelligence
14 4 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
14 4 (0.048%) osCommerce
15 3 (0.036%) Cordys
15 3 (0.036%) Shopify
15 3 (0.036%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 132 (1.59%) Microsoft Azure
2 78 (0.94%) Amazon AWS
3 60 (0.72%) Office 365
4 58 (0.70%) GitHub
5 49 (0.59%) SaaS
6 47 (0.57%) Amazon EC2
7 38 (0.46%) Amazon S3
8 28 (0.34%) Heroku
9 12 (0.14%) Force.com
10 10 (0.12%) Google Cloud Platform
10 10 (0.12%) Cloud Computing
10 10 (0.12%) PaaS
11 6 (0.072%) OpenShift
12 5 (0.060%) Google App Engine
12 5 (0.060%) Amazon SQS
13 4 (0.048%) Basecamp
14 3 (0.036%) Google Apps
14 3 (0.036%) IaaS
14 3 (0.036%) Trello
15 1 (0.012%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 241 (2.90%) HTTP
2 212 (2.55%) Internet
3 155 (1.87%) Intranet
4 78 (0.94%) LDAP
5 41 (0.49%) Firewall
5 41 (0.49%) HTTPS
6 39 (0.47%) TCP/IP
7 30 (0.36%) FTP
8 29 (0.35%) SSL
9 28 (0.34%) SSH
10 25 (0.30%) VPN
10 25 (0.30%) DNS
11 20 (0.24%) Cisco Nexus
12 19 (0.23%) BIG-IP
13 18 (0.22%) Extranet
14 17 (0.20%) BGP
15 16 (0.19%) OSPF
15 16 (0.19%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
16 14 (0.17%) SNMP
17 11 (0.13%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1296 (15.60%) SQL Server
2 1029 (12.39%) MySQL
3 439 (5.29%) Relational Database
4 362 (4.36%) SQL Server 2008
5 239 (2.88%) MongoDB
6 164 (1.97%) NoSQL
7 160 (1.93%) SQL Server 2012
8 135 (1.63%) Oracle Database
9 132 (1.59%) RDBMS
10 121 (1.46%) PostgreSQL
11 116 (1.40%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 115 (1.38%) SQL Server Reporting Services
13 93 (1.12%) SQL Server 2005
14 68 (0.82%) Oracle Database 11g
15 49 (0.59%) Data Warehouse
16 48 (0.58%) MariaDB
17 47 (0.57%) Apache Cassandra
18 45 (0.54%) Oracle Database 10g
19 43 (0.52%) Big Data
20 42 (0.51%) Redis
Development Applications
1 1121 (13.50%) Git (software)
2 645 (7.77%) Subversion
3 527 (6.34%) Visual Studio
4 348 (4.19%) Team Foundation Server
5 340 (4.09%) Grunt
6 284 (3.42%) Jasmine
7 266 (3.20%) JUnit
8 256 (3.08%) Selenium
9 246 (2.96%) Jenkins
10 232 (2.79%) JIRA
11 206 (2.48%) Maven
12 195 (2.35%) Eclipse
13 180 (2.17%) Cucumber
14 174 (2.09%) Axure RP
15 136 (1.64%) Dreamweaver
16 135 (1.63%) NUnit
17 120 (1.44%) Ant
18 108 (1.30%) Bower
19 100 (1.20%) WebDriver
20 93 (1.12%) QUnit
General
1 716 (8.62%) Finance
2 400 (4.82%) Marketing
3 341 (4.11%) Banking
4 264 (3.18%) Retail
5 165 (1.99%) Publishing
6 119 (1.43%) Advertising
7 117 (1.41%) Telecoms
8 95 (1.14%) Games
9 90 (1.08%) Investment Banking
10 82 (0.99%) Legal
11 65 (0.78%) Manufacturing
12 41 (0.49%) Electronics
13 31 (0.37%) Financial Institution
14 29 (0.35%) Front Office
14 29 (0.35%) Law
15 25 (0.30%) Multimedia
16 23 (0.28%) Automotive
17 21 (0.25%) Back Office
18 9 (0.11%) Dutch Language
19 8 (0.096%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6811 (82.00%) Developer
2 1626 (19.58%) Front-End Developer
3 1112 (13.39%) Web Developer
4 884 (10.64%) .NET Developer
5 665 (8.01%) Senior Developer
6 603 (7.26%) Java Developer
7 587 (7.07%) Designer
8 576 (6.93%) PHP Developer
9 561 (6.75%) JavaScript Developer
10 458 (5.51%) C# Developer
11 310 (3.73%) C# .NET Developer
12 301 (3.62%) UI Developer
13 292 (3.52%) UI Programmer
14 274 (3.30%) ASP.NET Developer
15 236 (2.84%) Front-End Web Developer
16 223 (2.68%) UX Designer
17 221 (2.66%) SharePoint Developer
18 186 (2.24%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 173 (2.08%) Architect
20 171 (2.06%) Web Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7823 (94.18%) HTML
2 3655 (44.00%) HTML5
3 3427 (41.26%) jQuery
4 2908 (35.01%) CSS3
5 2235 (26.91%) .NET
6 1537 (18.50%) ASP.NET
7 1453 (17.49%) AngularJS
8 1355 (16.31%) XML
9 1339 (16.12%) Ajax
10 1119 (13.47%) Web Services
11 822 (9.90%) JSON
12 733 (8.82%) Backbone.js
13 691 (8.32%) ASP.NET MVC
14 629 (7.57%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 624 (7.51%) Sass
16 604 (7.27%) REST
17 592 (7.13%) XHTML
18 573 (6.90%) Spring
19 558 (6.72%) .NET Framework
20 460 (5.54%) RESTful
Miscellaneous
1 1173 (14.12%) User Experience
2 372 (4.48%) Mobile App
3 326 (3.92%) Open Source
4 278 (3.35%) W3C
5 274 (3.30%) Analytical Skills
6 250 (3.01%) Computer Science
7 175 (2.11%) Visualisation
8 147 (1.77%) Enterprise Software
9 104 (1.25%) Digital Media
10 95 (1.14%) Social Media
11 81 (0.98%) Graphic Design
12 63 (0.76%) Inversion of Control
13 58 (0.70%) iPad
13 58 (0.70%) Web 2.0
14 56 (0.67%) Animation
15 54 (0.65%) N-Tier
15 54 (0.65%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
16 50 (0.60%) Management Information System
17 49 (0.59%) Algorithms
18 45 (0.54%) RIA
Operating Systems
1 711 (8.56%) Linux
2 444 (5.35%) UNIX
3 359 (4.32%) Windows
4 293 (3.53%) Apple iOS
5 284 (3.42%) Android
6 172 (2.07%) Mac OS X
7 54 (0.65%) Windows Server 2008
8 34 (0.41%) Ubuntu
9 32 (0.39%) AIX
9 32 (0.39%) Solaris
9 32 (0.39%) CentOS
10 27 (0.33%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 27 (0.33%) Windows Phone
11 18 (0.22%) Mac OS
12 15 (0.18%) VMS
13 14 (0.17%) Windows Server 2003
13 14 (0.17%) Windows 7
14 12 (0.14%) Debian
15 11 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
16 10 (0.12%) Windows Mobile
Processes & Methodologies
1 3053 (36.76%) Agile Software Development
2 2137 (25.73%) MVC
3 1537 (18.50%) TDD
4 1378 (16.59%) OO
5 1083 (13.04%) Web Development
6 1032 (12.42%) Scrum
7 965 (11.62%) Responsive Web Design
8 791 (9.52%) E-Commerce
9 593 (7.14%) BDD
10 569 (6.85%) Web Design
11 492 (5.92%) Unit Testing
12 482 (5.80%) Continuous Integration
13 421 (5.07%) OOP
14 314 (3.78%) Content Management
15 299 (3.60%) Software Engineering
16 254 (3.06%) SOA
17 240 (2.89%) Mentoring
18 203 (2.44%) CRM
19 198 (2.38%) Workflow
20 191 (2.30%) SEO
Programming Languages
1 6492 (78.16%) JavaScript
2 1896 (22.83%) C#
3 1591 (19.15%) Java
4 1488 (17.91%) SQL
5 1412 (17.00%) PHP
6 433 (5.21%) Ruby
7 379 (4.56%) Python
8 261 (3.14%) T-SQL
9 211 (2.54%) PL/SQL
10 187 (2.25%) Scala
11 175 (2.11%) PHP5
12 152 (1.83%) Perl
13 151 (1.82%) VB.NET
14 97 (1.17%) C
15 91 (1.10%) C++
16 77 (0.93%) VB
16 77 (0.93%) Shell Script
17 76 (0.92%) Bash Shell
18 70 (0.84%) VBA
19 65 (0.78%) VBScript
Qualifications
1 462 (5.56%) Degree
2 245 (2.95%) Security Cleared
3 137 (1.65%) SC Cleared
4 31 (0.37%) Microsoft Certification
5 27 (0.33%) Cisco Certification
6 23 (0.28%) ISEB
7 16 (0.19%) CCNA
8 10 (0.12%) Sun Certification
9 9 (0.11%) DV Cleared
9 9 (0.11%) ISTQB
10 8 (0.096%) CCNP
10 8 (0.096%) MCTS
10 8 (0.096%) BC Cleared
11 6 (0.072%) HND
11 6 (0.072%) MCP
11 6 (0.072%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 6 (0.072%) CTC Cleared
12 5 (0.060%) MCPD
12 5 (0.060%) ITIL Certification
12 5 (0.060%) MCSD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 216 (2.60%) QA
2 40 (0.48%) WCAG
3 26 (0.31%) ISO 9001
4 25 (0.30%) WAI
5 21 (0.25%) SLA
6 16 (0.19%) HL7
7 9 (0.11%) COBIT
7 9 (0.11%) ISO 14001
8 2 (0.024%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 2 (0.024%) 21 CFR Part 11
8 2 (0.024%) Data Quality
9 1 (0.012%) PCI DSS
9 1 (0.012%) Section 508
9 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 35 (0.42%) Active Directory
1 35 (0.42%) VMware Infrastructure
2 23 (0.28%) Docker
3 17 (0.20%) Varnish
4 13 (0.16%) Shibboleth
4 13 (0.16%) VirtualBox
5 12 (0.14%) VMware ESX
6 7 (0.084%) Veritas Cluster Server
7 6 (0.072%) vCloud
8 5 (0.060%) NFS
9 4 (0.048%) ProxySG
9 4 (0.048%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.036%) RHEV
11 2 (0.024%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.024%) KVM
11 2 (0.024%) IAG
11 2 (0.024%) UAG
11 2 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.024%) DFS Replication
12 1 (0.012%) XenApp
Systems Management
1 64 (0.77%) Puppet
2 38 (0.46%) Vagrant
3 22 (0.26%) Opscode Chef
4 17 (0.20%) Ansible
5 12 (0.14%) OPNET
5 12 (0.14%) Graylog2
6 11 (0.13%) OpenSSO
7 10 (0.12%) HP UCMDB
8 9 (0.11%) HP Quality Center
9 8 (0.096%) Capistrano
10 5 (0.060%) cPanel
11 3 (0.036%) logstash
11 3 (0.036%) Tivoli Identity Manager
12 2 (0.024%) NetBackup
12 2 (0.024%) Nagios
12 2 (0.024%) HP Data Protector
12 2 (0.024%) OpenAM
12 2 (0.024%) Graphite
12 2 (0.024%) Cacti
12 2 (0.024%) Zenoss
Vendors
1 717 (8.63%) Microsoft
2 528 (6.36%) Oracle
3 446 (5.37%) Adobe
4 233 (2.81%) Zend
5 188 (2.26%) Google
6 129 (1.55%) Sitecore
7 123 (1.48%) Twitter
8 85 (1.02%) IBM
9 67 (0.81%) Facebook
10 61 (0.73%) EPiServer
11 56 (0.67%) Salesforce.com
12 55 (0.66%) SAP
13 51 (0.61%) hybris
14 48 (0.58%) VMware
15 41 (0.49%) ServiceNow
15 41 (0.49%) Ektron
15 41 (0.49%) Sybase
15 41 (0.49%) Telerik
16 40 (0.48%) Cisco
17 38 (0.46%) Sencha
Central London / West End
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Posted: 11 hours ago
South West London
Vantage Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £300 per annum
Posted: 11 hours ago
Cardiff, South Glamorgan
LA International
Rate: £550 - £575 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
Watford, Hertfordshire
Stratospherec
Rate: Up to £400 per day
Posted: 12 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: £400.00 - £425.00 per day
Posted: 13 hours ago
London
Federation of Master Builders
Rate: £25,000 per annum pro rata
Posted: 14 hours ago
London
Hydrogen Group
Rate: Negotiable
Posted: 15 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350 - £405 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
UK
Next Ventures Ltd
Rate: From £400 to £425 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Cambridgeshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £150 - £350 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Oxfordshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
Oxfordshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £100 - £300 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Randstad Technologies
Rate: £480 - £500 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
London
Purple Consultancy
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire
Polar Recruitment
Rate: £29.00 - £33.00 per hour
Posted: 19 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 19 hours ago
Romsey, Hampshire
Polar Recruitment
Rate: £250 - £350 per day + none
Posted: 19 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Capita Resourcing - IT Resourcing
Posted: 19 hours ago