The first table below looks at the demand for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 31 July 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years. The second table is for comparison and provides aggregates for all of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
31 Jul 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 19 19 22
Rank change year-on-year
0 +3
Contract jobs citing CSS 4006 3561 3435
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.32% 6.97% 5.94%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 26.55% 24.90% 22.85%
Number of daily rates quoted 2698 2309 2141
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £325 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+7.69% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £240 £213 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £490 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £320 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+6.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 56 50 90
Average hourly rate £35.00 £34.50 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.44% +15.00%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £16.25 £16.17
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £71.00 £43.85 £41.90
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £28.75
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +14.78%
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15090 14302 15031
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.58% 27.98% 26.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 9690 9078 9190
Average daily rate £375 £375 £361
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +3.87%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £263 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £538
UK excluding London average daily rate £345 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+6.15% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 223 285 369
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +2.94%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.50 £20.00 £18.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £53.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £34.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-2.85% +7.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 31 July 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 31 July 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 31 July 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -1 3700 £350 +6.06% 1986
London +5 1994 £400 +9.28% 693
South East +1 527 £325 +4.00% 368
City of London +2 399 £400 +14.28% 203
North West +2 238 £325 +8.33% 237
East of England +4 237 £325 +4.00% 119
South West -2 221 £325 +8.33% 154
Scotland +2 181 £350 +22.27% 80
West Midlands -7 176 £300 +9.09% 103
Yorkshire +6 158 £280 +1.81% 143
Manchester +2 155 £325 +12.06% 135
Berkshire -1 133 £350 +7.69% 75
Hampshire -10 114 £350 +16.66% 74
East Midlands +7 99 £275 +3.77% 115
West Yorkshire -3 99 £263 -4.54% 79
Edinburgh -3 84 £375 +36.36% 24
Leeds -5 84 £250 -4.76% 43
Surrey +12 80 £300 -14.28% 72
Glasgow +10 73 £301 +6.84% 40
Cambridgeshire +3 66 £313 -10.71% 44
Hertfordshire +4 60 £361 +20.41% 28
Bristol -5 58 £350 +45.83% 46
Birmingham -7 57 £325 +19.26% 31
Buckinghamshire +4 52 £338 +6.38% 26
Leicestershire +5 48 £265 -7.82% 34
East Sussex +3 48 £270 -10.00% 24
Brighton +1 48 £270 -10.00% 22
Reading +12 46 £325 +10.63% 32
Cheshire -6 42 £300 -7.69% 46
Devon +2 41 £375 +3.44% 9

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 31 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7555 (93.58%) HTML
2 6310 (78.16%) JavaScript
3 3414 (42.29%) jQuery
4 3391 (42.00%) HTML5
5 2674 (33.12%) CSS3
6 2202 (27.28%) .NET
7 1914 (23.71%) C#
8 1842 (22.82%) MVC
9 1586 (19.65%) ASP.NET
10 1545 (19.14%) PHP
11 1540 (19.08%) Agile Software Development
12 1485 (18.39%) Java
13 1466 (18.16%) XML
14 1367 (16.93%) TDD
15 1340 (16.60%) SQL Server
16 1324 (16.40%) OO
17 1318 (16.33%) Ajax
18 1294 (16.03%) SQL
19 1128 (13.97%) Web Development
20 1068 (13.23%) MySQL
21 1021 (12.65%) Web Services
22 985 (12.20%) AngularJS
23 957 (11.85%) Git (software)
24 904 (11.20%) Responsive Web Design
25 897 (11.11%) Scrum
26 844 (10.45%) E-Commerce
27 767 (9.50%) CMS
27 767 (9.50%) JSON
28 756 (9.36%) Backbone.js
29 726 (8.99%) Subversion

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 31 July 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 767 (9.50%) CMS
2 496 (6.14%) Node.js
3 431 (5.34%) SharePoint
4 323 (4.00%) Apache
5 292 (3.62%) Drupal
6 265 (3.28%) WordPress
7 245 (3.03%) IIS
8 214 (2.65%) Tomcat
9 203 (2.51%) SharePoint 2010
10 185 (2.29%) SharePoint 2013
11 167 (2.07%) Umbraco
12 116 (1.44%) Sitecore CMS
13 112 (1.39%) WebSphere
14 100 (1.24%) Adobe CQ
15 94 (1.16%) WebLogic
16 51 (0.63%) Apache Solr
17 50 (0.62%) SharePoint Server
17 50 (0.62%) Confluence
18 41 (0.51%) Elasticsearch
19 33 (0.41%) Joomla!
Applications
1 671 (8.31%) Photoshop
2 382 (4.73%) Adobe Illustrator
3 204 (2.53%) MS Excel
4 76 (0.94%) MS Office
5 66 (0.82%) Fireworks
6 60 (0.74%) InDesign
7 55 (0.68%) InfoPath
8 47 (0.58%) OmniGraffle
9 40 (0.50%) MS Visio
10 25 (0.31%) Acrobat
10 25 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
11 12 (0.15%) Adobe After Effects
12 6 (0.074%) Adobe Captivate
12 6 (0.074%) MS Project
13 5 (0.062%) Spreadsheet
14 4 (0.050%) PaintShop Pro
14 4 (0.050%) GIMP
15 2 (0.025%) PowerPivot
15 2 (0.025%) RoboHelp
15 2 (0.025%) Adobe Premiere
Business Applications
1 167 (2.07%) Magento
2 58 (0.72%) Dynamics CRM
3 50 (0.62%) Google Analytics
4 27 (0.33%) Dynamics AX
5 22 (0.27%) SAP Oil and Gas
6 17 (0.21%) SiteCatalyst
7 16 (0.20%) WebTrends
8 12 (0.15%) Remedy ITSM
9 10 (0.12%) Oracle Payables
10 9 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
10 9 (0.11%) Summit
11 8 (0.099%) Oracle EBS
11 8 (0.099%) Tridion
12 4 (0.050%) Oracle BPM
13 3 (0.037%) SAP SD
13 3 (0.037%) osCommerce
13 3 (0.037%) Remedy AR System
14 2 (0.025%) Dynamics NAV
14 2 (0.025%) SunGard GMI
14 2 (0.025%) e-Work
Cloud Services
1 99 (1.23%) Microsoft Azure
2 74 (0.92%) Amazon AWS
3 72 (0.89%) SaaS
4 57 (0.71%) GitHub
5 40 (0.50%) Office 365
6 30 (0.37%) Amazon EC2
7 22 (0.27%) Amazon S3
8 20 (0.25%) Heroku
9 16 (0.20%) Cloud Computing
10 13 (0.16%) Force.com
11 8 (0.099%) Google App Engine
12 6 (0.074%) PaaS
13 5 (0.062%) Rackspace Cloud
13 5 (0.062%) Trello
14 4 (0.050%) Joyent
14 4 (0.050%) Basecamp
15 3 (0.037%) Google Compute Engine
16 2 (0.025%) Google Apps
16 2 (0.025%) CloudFront
17 1 (0.012%) IaaS
Communications & Networking
1 246 (3.05%) HTTP
2 239 (2.96%) Internet
3 139 (1.72%) Intranet
4 73 (0.90%) LDAP
5 38 (0.47%) Firewall
6 30 (0.37%) FTP
7 29 (0.36%) DNS
8 27 (0.33%) TCP/IP
9 26 (0.32%) SSL
10 24 (0.30%) Extranet
11 22 (0.27%) VPN
12 21 (0.26%) SMTP
13 20 (0.25%) SSH
14 16 (0.20%) WAN
14 16 (0.20%) SAN
14 16 (0.20%) HTTPS
15 12 (0.15%) Cisco ASA
15 12 (0.15%) Cisco Nexus
16 11 (0.14%) SNMP
17 10 (0.12%) MPLS
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1340 (16.60%) SQL Server
2 1068 (13.23%) MySQL
3 374 (4.63%) Relational Database
4 354 (4.38%) SQL Server 2008
5 201 (2.49%) MongoDB
6 181 (2.24%) SQL Server Reporting Services
7 153 (1.90%) NoSQL
8 141 (1.75%) SQL Server 2012
9 138 (1.71%) SQL Server Integration Services
10 117 (1.45%) RDBMS
11 110 (1.36%) PostgreSQL
12 107 (1.33%) SQL Server 2005
13 90 (1.11%) Oracle Database
14 67 (0.83%) Apache Cassandra
15 65 (0.81%) Big Data
16 50 (0.62%) Redis
17 35 (0.43%) Oracle Database 11g
17 35 (0.43%) SQL Server Analysis Services
18 33 (0.41%) RavenDB
19 31 (0.38%) SQL Server 2000
Development Applications
1 957 (11.85%) Git (software)
2 726 (8.99%) Subversion
3 498 (6.17%) Visual Studio
4 261 (3.23%) JUnit
5 251 (3.11%) Maven
6 220 (2.73%) Team Foundation Server
7 214 (2.65%) Jenkins
8 204 (2.53%) Jasmine
8 204 (2.53%) Eclipse
9 193 (2.39%) Grunt
10 178 (2.20%) Selenium
11 157 (1.94%) JIRA
12 155 (1.92%) Cucumber
13 137 (1.70%) NUnit
14 132 (1.64%) Ant
15 130 (1.61%) Axure RP
16 110 (1.36%) Dreamweaver
17 109 (1.35%) TeamCity
18 92 (1.14%) WebDriver
19 89 (1.10%) Hudson
General
1 687 (8.51%) Finance
2 329 (4.08%) Marketing
3 328 (4.06%) Retail
4 251 (3.11%) Banking
5 150 (1.86%) Publishing
6 129 (1.60%) Advertising
7 124 (1.54%) Telecoms
8 112 (1.39%) Games
9 82 (1.02%) Investment Banking
10 79 (0.98%) Manufacturing
11 76 (0.94%) Legal
12 40 (0.50%) Back Office
13 38 (0.47%) Electronics
13 38 (0.47%) Front Office
14 35 (0.43%) Financial Institution
15 25 (0.31%) Automotive
16 17 (0.21%) Multimedia
17 14 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
18 11 (0.14%) French Language
19 9 (0.11%) Law
Job Titles
1 6676 (82.70%) Developer
2 1503 (18.62%) Front-End Developer
3 1244 (15.41%) Web Developer
4 975 (12.08%) .NET Developer
5 573 (7.10%) Designer
6 567 (7.02%) PHP Developer
7 544 (6.74%) Java Developer
8 542 (6.71%) JavaScript Developer
9 468 (5.80%) Senior Developer
10 440 (5.45%) C# Developer
11 350 (4.34%) UI Developer
12 340 (4.21%) ASP.NET Developer
13 324 (4.01%) UI Programmer
14 319 (3.95%) C# .NET Developer
15 263 (3.26%) Front-End Web Developer
16 222 (2.75%) SharePoint Developer
17 192 (2.38%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 187 (2.32%) User Experience Designer
19 178 (2.20%) Architect
20 163 (2.02%) Web Designer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7555 (93.58%) HTML
2 3414 (42.29%) jQuery
3 3391 (42.00%) HTML5
4 2674 (33.12%) CSS3
5 2202 (27.28%) .NET
6 1586 (19.65%) ASP.NET
7 1466 (18.16%) XML
8 1318 (16.33%) Ajax
9 1021 (12.65%) Web Services
10 985 (12.20%) AngularJS
11 767 (9.50%) JSON
12 756 (9.36%) Backbone.js
13 682 (8.45%) ASP.NET MVC
14 676 (8.37%) XHTML
15 559 (6.92%) .NET Framework
16 520 (6.44%) Spring
17 472 (5.85%) Sass
18 470 (5.82%) JSP
19 450 (5.57%) WCF
20 431 (5.34%) REST
Miscellaneous
1 393 (4.87%) Mobile App
2 339 (4.20%) Open Source
3 256 (3.17%) W3C
4 218 (2.70%) Computer Science
5 159 (1.97%) Enterprise Software
6 110 (1.36%) Visualisation
7 107 (1.33%) Social Media
8 94 (1.16%) Graphic Design
9 88 (1.09%) Digital Media
10 72 (0.89%) iPhone
11 68 (0.84%) iPad
12 55 (0.68%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
13 53 (0.66%) Management Information System
14 50 (0.62%) RIA
15 47 (0.58%) N-Tier
16 43 (0.53%) E-Learning
17 41 (0.51%) Animation
18 40 (0.50%) Client/Server
19 39 (0.48%) GIS
20 34 (0.42%) DTV
Operating Systems
1 707 (8.76%) Linux
2 429 (5.31%) Windows
3 420 (5.20%) UNIX
4 333 (4.12%) Apple iOS
5 297 (3.68%) Android
6 151 (1.87%) Mac OS X
7 74 (0.92%) Windows Server 2008
8 55 (0.68%) Solaris
9 32 (0.40%) AIX
10 26 (0.32%) Windows Server 2003
10 26 (0.32%) Windows 7
11 23 (0.28%) Ubuntu
12 21 (0.26%) Windows Mobile
12 21 (0.26%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
13 20 (0.25%) Mac OS
14 17 (0.21%) CentOS
14 17 (0.21%) Windows XP
15 15 (0.19%) Windows Phone
16 14 (0.17%) Windows 8
17 12 (0.15%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 1842 (22.82%) MVC
2 1540 (19.08%) Agile Software Development
3 1367 (16.93%) TDD
4 1324 (16.40%) OO
5 1128 (13.97%) Web Development
6 904 (11.20%) Responsive Web Design
7 897 (11.11%) Scrum
8 844 (10.45%) E-Commerce
9 550 (6.81%) Web Design
10 520 (6.44%) BDD
11 505 (6.26%) Unit Testing
12 491 (6.08%) Continuous Integration
13 457 (5.66%) OOP
14 332 (4.11%) Content Management
15 281 (3.48%) Software Engineering
16 230 (2.85%) SEO
17 216 (2.68%) SOA
18 187 (2.32%) Configuration Management
19 178 (2.20%) Kanban
20 177 (2.19%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 6310 (78.16%) JavaScript
2 1914 (23.71%) C#
3 1545 (19.14%) PHP
4 1485 (18.39%) Java
5 1294 (16.03%) SQL
6 399 (4.94%) Ruby
7 300 (3.72%) Python
8 278 (3.44%) T-SQL
9 206 (2.55%) PHP5
10 183 (2.27%) VB.NET
11 177 (2.19%) PL/SQL
12 143 (1.77%) Scala
13 127 (1.57%) Perl
14 99 (1.23%) C++
15 82 (1.02%) VB
16 74 (0.92%) C
17 68 (0.84%) Objective-C
18 65 (0.81%) PowerShell
19 58 (0.72%) ActionScript
20 56 (0.69%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 449 (5.56%) Degree
2 178 (2.20%) Security Cleared
3 112 (1.39%) SC Cleared
4 48 (0.59%) Microsoft Certification
5 15 (0.19%) DV Cleared
6 14 (0.17%) Cisco Certification
7 11 (0.14%) MCSD
8 10 (0.12%) CCNP
8 10 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
8 10 (0.12%) MCPD
9 9 (0.11%) Sun Certification
9 9 (0.11%) ISEB
10 8 (0.099%) OCPJP
11 7 (0.087%) MCTS
11 7 (0.087%) ISTQB
12 6 (0.074%) BC Cleared
12 6 (0.074%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
13 5 (0.062%) CCNA
13 5 (0.062%) MCP
14 4 (0.050%) MCSE
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 213 (2.64%) QA
2 51 (0.63%) ISO 9001
3 47 (0.58%) WCAG
4 33 (0.41%) WAI
5 22 (0.27%) SLA
6 9 (0.11%) ISO 14001
6 9 (0.11%) HL7
7 8 (0.099%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 5 (0.062%) PCI DSS
9 4 (0.050%) Section 508
10 2 (0.025%) Data Quality
11 1 (0.012%) EMIR
11 1 (0.012%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.012%) COBIT
11 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
11 1 (0.012%) TickIT
System Software
1 50 (0.62%) Active Directory
2 23 (0.28%) VMware Infrastructure
3 21 (0.26%) Varnish
4 12 (0.15%) VirtualBox
5 8 (0.099%) VMware ESX
6 5 (0.062%) Docker
7 4 (0.050%) RHEV
7 4 (0.050%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 3 (0.037%) Hyper-V
8 3 (0.037%) Veritas Volume Manager
8 3 (0.037%) vCloud
8 3 (0.037%) KVM
8 3 (0.037%) NFS
8 3 (0.037%) Oracle RAC
8 3 (0.037%) UAG
9 1 (0.012%) MetaFrame
9 1 (0.012%) ProxySG
9 1 (0.012%) Squid
9 1 (0.012%) Microsoft Virtual Server
9 1 (0.012%) VMware ESXi
Systems Management
1 50 (0.62%) Puppet
2 24 (0.30%) Vagrant
3 18 (0.22%) Nagios
4 16 (0.20%) OpenSSO
5 14 (0.17%) Capistrano
5 14 (0.17%) Opscode Chef
6 13 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
7 8 (0.099%) Ansible
7 8 (0.099%) Control-M
8 6 (0.074%) HP UCMDB
8 6 (0.074%) Cacti
9 5 (0.062%) Kibana
10 4 (0.050%) Graylog2
10 4 (0.050%) Opsview
10 4 (0.050%) NetBackup
11 3 (0.037%) BMC PATROL
11 3 (0.037%) Munin
11 3 (0.037%) SCOM
11 3 (0.037%) HP Data Protector
11 3 (0.037%) ZABBIX
Vendors
1 598 (7.41%) Microsoft
2 544 (6.74%) Adobe
3 503 (6.23%) Oracle
4 271 (3.36%) Zend
5 142 (1.76%) Sitecore
6 139 (1.72%) Twitter
7 133 (1.65%) Google
8 114 (1.41%) JBoss
9 70 (0.87%) IBM
10 63 (0.78%) Salesforce.com
11 62 (0.77%) EPiServer
12 61 (0.76%) SAP
13 57 (0.71%) hybris
13 57 (0.71%) Sencha
14 50 (0.62%) Facebook
15 43 (0.53%) ServiceNow
16 40 (0.50%) Red Hat
17 35 (0.43%) Telerik
18 31 (0.38%) HP
19 30 (0.37%) VMware
Leeds, West Yorkshire
The Bridge Ltd
Rate: From £150 to £170 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Circle Recruitment
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 2 hours ago
City, London
I3
Rate: £350 - £425 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Gatwick, West Sussex
Proactive Appointments
Rate: Unspecified Market rate
Posted: 2 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Roc Search
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Opus Recruitment Solutions Ltd
Rate: £250 to £300 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £450 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £510 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £280 - £350 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
Bracknell, Berkshire
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Posted: 4 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Roc Search
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £300 to £400 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
Surrey
Marcus Donald People
Rate: £300 to £350 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £325 - £375 per day
Posted: 16 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £350 to £450 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Eames Consulting
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 17 hours ago
City, London
Apollo Solutions
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Apollo Solutions
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
Maidenhead, Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Posted: 18 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Roc Search
Posted: 18 hours ago