The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 28 April 2015 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
28 Apr 2015
Same period 2014 Same period 2013
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 23 20 22
Rank change year-on-year
-3 +2
Contract jobs citing CSS 3761 4097 3023
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 6.75% 7.51% 6.34%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 25.14% 27.40% 23.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 2501 2799 1875
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£360 £350 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+2.85% +7.69%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £250 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £475 £475 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £325 £300
% change year-on-year
- +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 40 34 84
Average hourly rate £32.52 £32.00 £35.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+1.62% -8.57%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £16.35 £17.70 £14.20
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £45.83 £71.00 £42.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £36.50 £32.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+14.06% -8.57%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
14961 14951 12882
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.86% 27.40% 27.00%
Number of daily rates quoted 9715 9718 8039
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £265 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £338 £325
% change year-on-year
+3.70% +3.84%
Number of hourly rates quoted 187 215 350
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £35.00
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.86 £18.50 £17.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £47.00 £55.00 £44.50
UK excluding London average hourly rate £37.00 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year
+5.71% -

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2015.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2015.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 28 April 2015. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England -4 3505 £363 +3.57% 2273
London -3 1702 £388 +3.33% 773
South East -5 555 £325 - 403
City of London -3 359 £383 +2.00% 202
Yorkshire -1 262 £336 +12.08% 171
North West -14 222 £330 +1.53% 303
South West -3 217 £350 +7.69% 149
East of England -5 203 £325 -3.34% 164
West Midlands -2 187 £313 +4.16% 159
Berkshire +1 184 £340 +1.11% 58
West Yorkshire +2 169 £335 +11.66% 89
Scotland -10 145 £325 -7.14% 67
Leeds -1 125 £340 +13.33% 48
Manchester -7 121 £325 - 160
East Midlands -6 108 £300 - 117
Buckinghamshire -2 84 £325 -1.51% 44
Cheshire -1 79 £388 +10.71% 76
Hampshire -25 76 £325 +3.17% 78
Cambridgeshire +2 74 £288 -4.16% 68
Edinburgh -11 73 £325 - 22
Surrey +5 70 £360 +2.85% 62
Reading +2 69 £350 +12.00% 24
Hertfordshire -4 60 £369 -1.66% 29
Bristol -11 58 £350 +7.69% 52
Birmingham -8 55 £295 -1.66% 45
Essex +7 51 £400 +10.34% 18
Wales 0 51 £375 +5.26% 24
North Yorkshire +11 50 £375 +35.74% 34
West Sussex +5 50 £375 +25.00% 22
Gloucestershire +7 47 £400 +33.33% 19

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 28 April 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7000 (94.35%) HTML
2 6078 (81.92%) JavaScript
3 3337 (44.98%) HTML5
4 3094 (41.70%) jQuery
5 2682 (36.15%) Agile Software Development
6 2656 (35.80%) CSS3
7 2037 (27.46%) .NET
8 1834 (24.72%) MVC
9 1783 (24.03%) C#
10 1545 (20.82%) Java
11 1536 (20.70%) AngularJS
12 1442 (19.44%) ASP.NET
13 1414 (19.06%) TDD
14 1351 (18.21%) SQL
15 1209 (16.30%) SQL Server
16 1204 (16.23%) OO
17 1137 (15.33%) XML
18 1096 (14.77%) Web Services
19 1082 (14.58%) User Experience
20 1075 (14.49%) PHP
21 1050 (14.15%) Ajax
22 939 (12.66%) Git (software)
23 913 (12.31%) Scrum
24 907 (12.23%) Web Development
25 781 (10.53%) MySQL
26 763 (10.28%) Responsive Web Design
27 736 (9.92%) CMS
28 687 (9.26%) JSON
29 672 (9.06%) Node.js
30 668 (9.00%) Sass

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 28 April 2015, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 736 (9.92%) CMS
2 672 (9.06%) Node.js
3 423 (5.70%) SharePoint
4 250 (3.37%) Apache
5 223 (3.01%) Drupal
6 209 (2.82%) Tomcat
7 208 (2.80%) SharePoint 2013
8 195 (2.63%) IIS
9 190 (2.56%) WordPress
10 178 (2.40%) Umbraco
11 152 (2.05%) WebSphere
12 143 (1.93%) Adobe Experience Manager
13 135 (1.82%) SharePoint 2010
14 123 (1.66%) JBoss
15 122 (1.64%) Sitecore CMS
16 93 (1.25%) WebLogic
17 61 (0.82%) Confluence
18 51 (0.69%) nginx
19 50 (0.67%) Apache Solr
20 48 (0.65%) Elasticsearch
Applications
1 529 (7.13%) Photoshop
2 251 (3.38%) Adobe Illustrator
3 214 (2.88%) MS Excel
4 138 (1.86%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 70 (0.94%) Fireworks
6 62 (0.84%) MS Office
7 39 (0.53%) InfoPath
8 35 (0.47%) InDesign
9 32 (0.43%) MS Visio
10 28 (0.38%) Spreadsheet
11 25 (0.34%) OmniGraffle
12 18 (0.24%) MS PowerPoint
13 16 (0.22%) Acrobat
13 16 (0.22%) MS Project
14 12 (0.16%) Adobe After Effects
15 8 (0.11%) GIMP
16 7 (0.094%) PowerPivot
17 5 (0.067%) ImageReady
18 4 (0.054%) Adobe Premiere
19 2 (0.027%) Edge Animate
Business Applications
1 122 (1.64%) Magento
2 77 (1.04%) Dynamics CRM
3 26 (0.35%) Tridion
4 25 (0.34%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 19 (0.26%) WebTrends
6 18 (0.24%) Dynamics AX
7 10 (0.13%) Dynamics NAV
8 3 (0.040%) osCommerce
8 3 (0.040%) Siebel Analytics
8 3 (0.040%) Oracle CRM
8 3 (0.040%) Summit
8 3 (0.040%) Fredhopper
9 2 (0.027%) Maximo
9 2 (0.027%) Temenos T24
10 1 (0.013%) AWD
10 1 (0.013%) Oracle 11i
10 1 (0.013%) Exstream
10 1 (0.013%) RMDS
10 1 (0.013%) SAP CRM
10 1 (0.013%) CODA-Financials
Cloud Services
1 164 (2.21%) Amazon AWS
2 154 (2.08%) Microsoft Azure
3 77 (1.04%) Office 365
4 75 (1.01%) GitHub
5 60 (0.81%) SaaS
6 46 (0.62%) Heroku
7 41 (0.55%) Google Analytics
8 39 (0.53%) Amazon EC2
9 24 (0.32%) Amazon S3
10 23 (0.31%) Adobe Analytics
11 15 (0.20%) Force.com
12 12 (0.16%) Cloud Computing
12 12 (0.16%) PaaS
12 12 (0.16%) Google Cloud Platform
13 8 (0.11%) OpenShift
13 8 (0.11%) Google App Engine
14 7 (0.094%) AWS CloudFormation
14 7 (0.094%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 7 (0.094%) Amazon CloudWatch
15 4 (0.054%) AWS Elastic Beanstalk
Communications & Networking
1 249 (3.36%) HTTP
2 213 (2.87%) Internet
3 161 (2.17%) Intranet
4 51 (0.69%) LDAP
5 37 (0.50%) SSL
6 34 (0.46%) Firewall
7 33 (0.44%) VPN
8 22 (0.30%) TCP/IP
9 20 (0.27%) HTTPS
9 20 (0.27%) Extranet
10 18 (0.24%) DNS
10 18 (0.24%) Network Security
11 14 (0.19%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
11 14 (0.19%) Cisco Nexus
12 13 (0.18%) BIG-IP
13 10 (0.13%) Cisco ASA
13 10 (0.13%) Reverse Proxy
13 10 (0.13%) Skype
13 10 (0.13%) WAN
13 10 (0.13%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1209 (16.30%) SQL Server
2 781 (10.53%) MySQL
3 336 (4.53%) Relational Database
4 303 (4.08%) SQL Server 2008
5 287 (3.87%) MongoDB
6 170 (2.29%) NoSQL
7 145 (1.95%) SQL Server 2012
8 123 (1.66%) PostgreSQL
9 108 (1.46%) Oracle Database
10 106 (1.43%) SQL Server Reporting Services
11 103 (1.39%) SQL Server Integration Services
12 80 (1.08%) RDBMS
13 76 (1.02%) SQL Server 2005
14 64 (0.86%) Redis
15 56 (0.75%) Big Data
16 55 (0.74%) Apache Cassandra
17 46 (0.62%) Oracle Database 11g
17 46 (0.62%) MS Access
18 45 (0.61%) Data Warehouse
19 31 (0.42%) Oracle Reports
Development Applications
1 939 (12.66%) Git (software)
2 557 (7.51%) Visual Studio
3 499 (6.73%) Subversion
4 389 (5.24%) Grunt
5 269 (3.63%) Team Foundation Server
6 254 (3.42%) Selenium
6 254 (3.42%) Jasmine
7 232 (3.13%) JUnit
8 228 (3.07%) Jenkins
9 213 (2.87%) Maven
10 188 (2.53%) JIRA
11 174 (2.35%) Cucumber
12 168 (2.26%) Axure RP
13 165 (2.22%) Eclipse
14 151 (2.04%) Bower
15 150 (2.02%) Ant
16 125 (1.68%) NUnit
17 100 (1.35%) Dreamweaver
18 95 (1.28%) Mocha
19 69 (0.93%) TeamCity
General
1 634 (8.55%) Finance
2 359 (4.84%) Marketing
3 318 (4.29%) Banking
4 225 (3.03%) Retail
5 148 (1.99%) Telecoms
6 134 (1.81%) Publishing
7 123 (1.66%) Games
8 112 (1.51%) Investment Banking
9 107 (1.44%) Advertising
10 45 (0.61%) Manufacturing
11 41 (0.55%) Legal
12 37 (0.50%) Electronics
13 30 (0.40%) Multimedia
14 28 (0.38%) Law
15 23 (0.31%) Automotive
16 22 (0.30%) Financial Institution
17 21 (0.28%) Back Office
18 20 (0.27%) Front Office
19 11 (0.15%) Pharmaceutical
19 11 (0.15%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 6086 (82.03%) Developer
2 1292 (17.41%) Front-End Developer
3 928 (12.51%) Web Developer
4 856 (11.54%) .NET Developer
5 567 (7.64%) Java Developer
6 564 (7.60%) JavaScript Developer
7 535 (7.21%) Designer
8 527 (7.10%) Senior Developer
9 468 (6.31%) C# Developer
10 403 (5.43%) PHP Developer
11 335 (4.52%) C# .NET Developer
12 318 (4.29%) UI Developer
13 297 (4.00%) UI Programmer
14 260 (3.50%) ASP.NET Developer
15 241 (3.25%) UX Designer
16 210 (2.83%) SharePoint Developer
17 193 (2.60%) C# ASP.NET Developer
18 181 (2.44%) Architect
19 179 (2.41%) Front-End Web Developer
20 133 (1.79%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7000 (94.35%) HTML
2 3337 (44.98%) HTML5
3 3094 (41.70%) jQuery
4 2656 (35.80%) CSS3
5 2037 (27.46%) .NET
6 1536 (20.70%) AngularJS
7 1442 (19.44%) ASP.NET
8 1137 (15.33%) XML
9 1096 (14.77%) Web Services
10 1050 (14.15%) Ajax
11 687 (9.26%) JSON
12 668 (9.00%) Sass
13 667 (8.99%) Backbone.js
14 656 (8.84%) Twitter Bootstrap
15 630 (8.49%) ASP.NET MVC
16 544 (7.33%) .NET Framework
17 527 (7.10%) REST
18 502 (6.77%) Spring
19 477 (6.43%) RESTful
20 445 (6.00%) XHTML
Miscellaneous
1 1082 (14.58%) User Experience
2 356 (4.80%) Mobile App
3 264 (3.56%) Open Source
4 234 (3.15%) Analytical Skills
5 220 (2.97%) W3C
6 201 (2.71%) Computer Science
7 151 (2.04%) Visualisation
8 104 (1.40%) Digital Media
9 97 (1.31%) Enterprise Software
10 94 (1.27%) Social Media
11 89 (1.20%) Graphic Design
12 66 (0.89%) RIA
13 55 (0.74%) iPad
14 52 (0.70%) Management Information System
15 51 (0.69%) Data Structures
16 42 (0.57%) CMDB
17 41 (0.55%) Web 2.0
17 41 (0.55%) Inversion of Control
18 38 (0.51%) iPhone
19 36 (0.49%) N-Tier
Operating Systems
1 554 (7.47%) Linux
2 352 (4.74%) Windows
3 301 (4.06%) UNIX
4 257 (3.46%) Android
5 254 (3.42%) Apple iOS
6 102 (1.37%) Mac OS X
7 35 (0.47%) Solaris
8 32 (0.43%) Windows Phone
9 29 (0.39%) CentOS
10 28 (0.38%) Ubuntu
11 20 (0.27%) Windows Server 2008
12 14 (0.19%) AIX
13 9 (0.12%) Mac OS
13 9 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 8 (0.11%) Windows 7
14 8 (0.11%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
14 8 (0.11%) Windows Mobile
14 8 (0.11%) SUSE
15 7 (0.094%) Windows Phone 7
16 6 (0.081%) Windows 8
Processes & Methodologies
1 2682 (36.15%) Agile Software Development
2 1834 (24.72%) MVC
3 1414 (19.06%) TDD
4 1204 (16.23%) OO
5 913 (12.31%) Scrum
6 907 (12.23%) Web Development
7 763 (10.28%) Responsive Web Design
8 589 (7.94%) E-Commerce
9 531 (7.16%) BDD
10 454 (6.12%) Web Design
11 444 (5.98%) Continuous Integration
12 415 (5.59%) Unit Testing
13 396 (5.34%) Content Management
14 366 (4.93%) OOP
15 305 (4.11%) Software Engineering
16 286 (3.85%) SOA
17 187 (2.52%) Mentoring
18 180 (2.43%) Analytics
19 178 (2.40%) Mobile Development
20 177 (2.39%) CRM
Programming Languages
1 6078 (81.92%) JavaScript
2 1783 (24.03%) C#
3 1545 (20.82%) Java
4 1351 (18.21%) SQL
5 1075 (14.49%) PHP
6 401 (5.41%) Ruby
7 304 (4.10%) Python
8 190 (2.56%) T-SQL
9 143 (1.93%) PL/SQL
10 131 (1.77%) Scala
11 129 (1.74%) VB.NET
12 121 (1.63%) PHP5
13 98 (1.32%) C++
14 97 (1.31%) Perl
15 90 (1.21%) VB
16 89 (1.20%) C
17 81 (1.09%) VBA
18 69 (0.93%) Objective-C
18 69 (0.93%) PowerShell
19 68 (0.92%) Shell Script
Qualifications
1 461 (6.21%) Degree
2 292 (3.94%) Security Cleared
3 184 (2.48%) SC Cleared
4 38 (0.51%) Microsoft Certification
5 28 (0.38%) DV Cleared
6 23 (0.31%) Cisco Certification
7 17 (0.23%) ISTQB
8 14 (0.19%) Sun Certification
8 14 (0.19%) ISEB
9 11 (0.15%) HND
10 10 (0.13%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 8 (0.11%) MCP
11 8 (0.11%) CCNP
12 7 (0.094%) ITIL Certification
12 7 (0.094%) CTC Cleared
13 6 (0.081%) MCSD
14 5 (0.067%) CCNA
14 5 (0.067%) BC Cleared
15 4 (0.054%) OCPJP
15 4 (0.054%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 186 (2.51%) QA
2 19 (0.26%) WCAG
3 15 (0.20%) WAI
3 15 (0.20%) ISO 9001
4 14 (0.19%) SLA
5 8 (0.11%) HL7
6 3 (0.040%) 21 CFR Part 11
6 3 (0.040%) ISO 14001
7 2 (0.027%) Sarbanes-Oxley
8 1 (0.013%) GxP
8 1 (0.013%) ISO/IEC 27001
8 1 (0.013%) PCI DSS
8 1 (0.013%) Data Quality
System Software
1 33 (0.44%) Active Directory
2 28 (0.38%) VMware Infrastructure
3 27 (0.36%) Varnish
4 23 (0.31%) Docker
5 9 (0.12%) VirtualBox
6 6 (0.081%) vCloud
7 5 (0.067%) Firmware
8 3 (0.040%) VMware ESXi
9 2 (0.027%) Terminal Services
9 2 (0.027%) XenApp
9 2 (0.027%) XenDesktop
10 1 (0.013%) vSphere
10 1 (0.013%) Shibboleth
10 1 (0.013%) VMware ESX
10 1 (0.013%) Oracle RAC
10 1 (0.013%) Hyper-V
10 1 (0.013%) Postfix
10 1 (0.013%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 92 (1.24%) Puppet
2 42 (0.57%) Vagrant
3 35 (0.47%) Ansible
4 28 (0.38%) Opscode Chef
5 20 (0.27%) HP UCMDB
6 18 (0.24%) Graylog
7 13 (0.18%) Kibana
7 13 (0.18%) TeamSite
8 12 (0.16%) HP Quality Center
9 10 (0.13%) Capistrano
9 10 (0.13%) Salt
10 6 (0.081%) OPNET
11 5 (0.067%) Zenoss
11 5 (0.067%) Plesk
11 5 (0.067%) OpenAM
11 5 (0.067%) logstash
12 4 (0.054%) CiscoWorks
13 3 (0.040%) ZABBIX
13 3 (0.040%) SCCM
13 3 (0.040%) WSUS
Vendors
1 644 (8.68%) Microsoft
2 478 (6.44%) Oracle
3 463 (6.24%) Adobe
4 206 (2.78%) Google
5 164 (2.21%) Sitecore
6 136 (1.83%) Zend
7 96 (1.29%) Twitter
8 92 (1.24%) IBM
9 70 (0.94%) EPiServer
10 63 (0.85%) ServiceNow
11 58 (0.78%) SAP
12 56 (0.75%) Apple
13 54 (0.73%) HP
14 44 (0.59%) VMware
14 44 (0.59%) Facebook
14 44 (0.59%) hybris
15 41 (0.55%) Ektron
15 41 (0.55%) Salesforce.com
16 38 (0.51%) Telerik
16 38 (0.51%) BMC
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Square One Resources
Rate: Up to £275 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Bromley, Kent
Hays Finance Technology
Rate: £500.00 - £550.00 per annum
Posted: 1 hour ago
Warwickshire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £220 - £300 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Burns Sheehan
Rate: £150 - £200 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire
Square One Resources
Posted: 1 hour ago
Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Northern Recruitment Group
Rate: £300/day depending on experience
Posted: 2 hours ago
Leicestershire
Senitor Associates
Rate: £250 - £320 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
East London
Clearwater People Solutions
Rate: £275 - £300 Per Day
Posted: 3 hours ago
West London
PCR
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Senitor Associates
Rate: £200 - £300 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
London
Total Recruitment Specialists Limited / TRG / Total recruitment group
Rate: £200 - £260 Per Day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Reading, Berkshire
Austin Fraser
Rate: Market Rates
Posted: 6 hours ago
Farnborough, Hampshire
Kelway (UK) Ltd
Rate: Day Rate - Negotiable
Posted: 14 hours ago
Sheffield, South Yorkshire
TEKsystems
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 18 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £375 - £425 per hour
Posted: 18 hours ago
City, London
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Posted: 19 hours ago
City, London
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Posted: 19 hours ago
Bristol, Avon
Reed Professional Services
Rate: £290 - £300 per day + +
Posted: 19 hours ago
Derby, Derbyshire
Candidate Source
Rate: From £300 to £380 per annum
Posted: 19 hours ago
Didcot, Oxfordshire
Connectus
Rate: £500 per day
Posted: 20 hours ago