The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 19 September 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
19 Sep 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 17 20 21
Rank change year-on-year
+3 +1
Contract jobs citing CSS 4285 3748 3571
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.44% 7.10% 6.19%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.38% 24.64% 22.87%
Number of daily rates quoted 2814 2477 2213
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£350 £335 £325
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+4.47% +3.07%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £250 £217 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £476 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £325 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+8.33% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 50 59 94
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £30.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +16.66%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.70 £16.55 £15.15
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £71.00 £46.90 £46.75
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £34.75 £30.00
% change year-on-year
+0.71% +15.83%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15650 15213 15616
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 27.17% 28.83% 27.08%
Number of daily rates quoted 10137 9787 9367
Average daily rate £375 £375 £365
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
- +2.73%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £260 £255
10% offered a daily rate of more than £525 £550 £525
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 188 266 374
Average hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £34.00
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
- +2.94%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.75 £17.50 £16.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £71.00 £50.00 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £34.00 £35.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
-2.85% +7.69%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 September 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 September 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 19 September 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England +2 3984 £356 +5.55% 2020
London +6 2053 £388 +5.44% 664
South East 0 533 £325 - 359
City of London +2 421 £375 +3.44% 212
East of England +3 300 £363 +11.53% 120
North West -1 237 £315 +5.00% 263
South West -7 234 £338 +12.50% 151
West Midlands -1 213 £320 +16.36% 104
Yorkshire +6 194 £290 +5.45% 204
Manchester +3 155 £325 +8.33% 144
Scotland -1 148 £350 +21.73% 68
Berkshire -5 148 £350 - 77
West Yorkshire +4 130 £275 - 112
East Midlands +6 114 £311 +17.45% 104
Leeds +4 95 £275 +3.77% 68
Hampshire -5 92 £325 - 87
Hertfordshire -1 91 £363 +20.83% 29
Surrey +17 88 £325 -5.10% 68
North East +13 79 £375 +15.38% 52
Birmingham +2 79 £325 +20.37% 26
Tyne and Wear +6 69 £375 +15.38% 46
Newcastle upon Tyne +6 68 £375 +15.38% 42
Essex +17 66 £413 +24.90% 10
Cambridgeshire +8 66 £325 -3.70% 54
Glasgow +2 66 £306 +16.38% 33
Bristol -3 66 £336 +34.50% 39
Edinburgh -1 65 £375 +25.00% 21
Reading +7 57 £350 -3.44% 27
East Sussex -4 51 £250 -16.66% 27
Wales +13 48 £325 +38.29% 24

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 19 September 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7753 (93.57%) HTML
2 6392 (77.14%) JavaScript
3 3482 (42.02%) HTML5
4 3333 (40.22%) jQuery
5 2987 (36.05%) Agile Software Development
6 2756 (33.26%) CSS3
7 2238 (27.01%) .NET
8 1978 (23.87%) MVC
9 1923 (23.21%) C#
10 1611 (19.44%) ASP.NET
11 1563 (18.86%) PHP
12 1533 (18.50%) Java
13 1403 (16.93%) TDD
14 1397 (16.86%) OO
15 1368 (16.51%) XML
16 1322 (15.95%) Ajax
17 1291 (15.58%) SQL Server
18 1289 (15.56%) SQL
19 1175 (14.18%) AngularJS
20 1165 (14.06%) Web Development
21 1130 (13.64%) User Experience
22 1112 (13.42%) MySQL
23 1062 (12.82%) Git (software)
24 994 (12.00%) Web Services
25 942 (11.37%) Responsive Web Design
26 913 (11.02%) Scrum
27 884 (10.67%) E-Commerce
28 776 (9.37%) JSON
29 771 (9.30%) CMS
30 766 (9.24%) Linux

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 19 September 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 771 (9.30%) CMS
2 565 (6.82%) Node.js
3 480 (5.79%) SharePoint
4 344 (4.15%) Apache
5 281 (3.39%) IIS
6 280 (3.38%) Drupal
7 239 (2.88%) SharePoint 2013
8 236 (2.85%) WordPress
9 229 (2.76%) Tomcat
10 215 (2.59%) SharePoint 2010
11 167 (2.02%) Umbraco
12 146 (1.76%) WebSphere
13 121 (1.46%) Sitecore CMS
14 100 (1.21%) Adobe CQ
15 77 (0.93%) WebLogic
16 54 (0.65%) Confluence
17 48 (0.58%) Elasticsearch
18 45 (0.54%) Joomla!
18 45 (0.54%) SharePoint Server
19 39 (0.47%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 703 (8.48%) Photoshop
2 396 (4.78%) Adobe Illustrator
3 184 (2.22%) MS Excel
4 89 (1.07%) Fireworks
5 61 (0.74%) MS Office
6 60 (0.72%) InDesign
7 57 (0.69%) InfoPath
8 44 (0.53%) OmniGraffle
9 26 (0.31%) MS Visio
9 26 (0.31%) MS PowerPoint
10 17 (0.21%) Adobe After Effects
10 17 (0.21%) Acrobat
11 12 (0.14%) Adobe Captivate
12 7 (0.084%) MS Project
13 5 (0.060%) GIMP
14 4 (0.048%) PaintShop Pro
15 3 (0.036%) Spreadsheet
16 2 (0.024%) RoboHelp
16 2 (0.024%) Adobe Premiere
16 2 (0.024%) PowerPivot
Business Applications
1 165 (1.99%) Magento
2 74 (0.89%) Dynamics CRM
3 47 (0.57%) Google Analytics
4 30 (0.36%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 23 (0.28%) SiteCatalyst
5 23 (0.28%) Dynamics AX
6 18 (0.22%) WebTrends
7 13 (0.16%) Summit
8 9 (0.11%) Oracle BPM
8 9 (0.11%) Oracle CRM
8 9 (0.11%) Tridion
9 6 (0.072%) RMDS
9 6 (0.072%) ION MarketView
9 6 (0.072%) Oracle Payables
10 4 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
10 4 (0.048%) Cognos Business Intelligence
11 3 (0.036%) Cordys
11 3 (0.036%) osCommerce
11 3 (0.036%) Shopify
11 3 (0.036%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 112 (1.35%) Microsoft Azure
2 73 (0.88%) GitHub
3 72 (0.87%) SaaS
4 68 (0.82%) Amazon AWS
5 52 (0.63%) Office 365
6 43 (0.52%) Amazon EC2
7 27 (0.33%) Amazon S3
8 20 (0.24%) Heroku
9 16 (0.19%) Cloud Computing
10 12 (0.14%) Force.com
11 10 (0.12%) Google App Engine
12 6 (0.072%) PaaS
13 4 (0.048%) Basecamp
13 4 (0.048%) Joyent
14 3 (0.036%) Trello
14 3 (0.036%) Google Compute Engine
15 2 (0.024%) Amazon SQS
15 2 (0.024%) Rackspace Cloud
16 1 (0.012%) OpenShift
16 1 (0.012%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 252 (3.04%) HTTP
2 232 (2.80%) Internet
3 138 (1.67%) Intranet
4 69 (0.83%) LDAP
5 51 (0.62%) Firewall
6 36 (0.43%) FTP
7 34 (0.41%) DNS
8 32 (0.39%) TCP/IP
9 29 (0.35%) SSH
10 23 (0.28%) Cisco Nexus
10 23 (0.28%) SMTP
11 21 (0.25%) HTTPS
11 21 (0.25%) Extranet
12 20 (0.24%) BIG-IP
13 18 (0.22%) SSL
14 16 (0.19%) VPN
15 15 (0.18%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
15 15 (0.18%) BGP
16 14 (0.17%) SNMP
16 14 (0.17%) OSPF
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1291 (15.58%) SQL Server
2 1112 (13.42%) MySQL
3 429 (5.18%) Relational Database
4 350 (4.22%) SQL Server 2008
5 178 (2.15%) SQL Server Reporting Services
6 177 (2.14%) MongoDB
7 147 (1.77%) NoSQL
8 137 (1.65%) SQL Server Integration Services
8 137 (1.65%) SQL Server 2012
9 131 (1.58%) RDBMS
10 120 (1.45%) PostgreSQL
11 96 (1.16%) Oracle Database
12 89 (1.07%) SQL Server 2005
13 66 (0.80%) Apache Cassandra
14 61 (0.74%) Big Data
15 56 (0.68%) Redis
16 39 (0.47%) SQL Server Analysis Services
17 38 (0.46%) Oracle Database 11g
18 28 (0.34%) RavenDB
19 27 (0.33%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1062 (12.82%) Git (software)
2 739 (8.92%) Subversion
3 499 (6.02%) Visual Studio
4 260 (3.14%) JUnit
5 247 (2.98%) Jasmine
6 246 (2.97%) Team Foundation Server
6 246 (2.97%) Grunt
7 208 (2.51%) Maven
8 207 (2.50%) Selenium
9 194 (2.34%) Eclipse
10 186 (2.24%) JIRA
11 184 (2.22%) Jenkins
12 169 (2.04%) Cucumber
13 136 (1.64%) NUnit
14 130 (1.57%) Axure RP
15 126 (1.52%) Dreamweaver
16 116 (1.40%) Ant
17 99 (1.19%) WebDriver
18 96 (1.16%) TeamCity
19 86 (1.04%) Bower
General
1 694 (8.38%) Finance
2 384 (4.63%) Marketing
3 304 (3.67%) Retail
4 278 (3.36%) Banking
5 142 (1.71%) Publishing
6 127 (1.53%) Advertising
7 108 (1.30%) Telecoms
8 106 (1.28%) Games
9 85 (1.03%) Manufacturing
10 82 (0.99%) Legal
11 76 (0.92%) Investment Banking
12 44 (0.53%) Front Office
13 42 (0.51%) Electronics
14 33 (0.40%) Back Office
15 32 (0.39%) Financial Institution
16 28 (0.34%) Multimedia
17 24 (0.29%) Automotive
17 24 (0.29%) Law
18 14 (0.17%) Pharmaceutical
19 13 (0.16%) French Language
Job Titles
1 6840 (82.55%) Developer
2 1627 (19.64%) Front-End Developer
3 1232 (14.87%) Web Developer
4 936 (11.30%) .NET Developer
5 580 (7.00%) Designer
6 575 (6.94%) PHP Developer
7 572 (6.90%) JavaScript Developer
8 547 (6.60%) Senior Developer
9 544 (6.57%) Java Developer
10 428 (5.17%) C# Developer
11 338 (4.08%) UI Developer
12 318 (3.84%) UI Programmer
13 314 (3.79%) ASP.NET Developer
14 309 (3.73%) C# .NET Developer
15 257 (3.10%) Front-End Web Developer
16 237 (2.86%) SharePoint Developer
17 190 (2.29%) Web Designer
18 184 (2.22%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 183 (2.21%) User Experience Designer
20 162 (1.96%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7753 (93.57%) HTML
2 3482 (42.02%) HTML5
3 3333 (40.22%) jQuery
4 2756 (33.26%) CSS3
5 2238 (27.01%) .NET
6 1611 (19.44%) ASP.NET
7 1368 (16.51%) XML
8 1322 (15.95%) Ajax
9 1175 (14.18%) AngularJS
10 994 (12.00%) Web Services
11 776 (9.37%) JSON
12 763 (9.21%) Backbone.js
13 671 (8.10%) ASP.NET MVC
14 600 (7.24%) XHTML
15 538 (6.49%) .NET Framework
16 529 (6.38%) Spring
17 511 (6.17%) Sass
18 500 (6.03%) REST
19 476 (5.74%) JSP
19 476 (5.74%) Twitter Bootstrap
Miscellaneous
1 1130 (13.64%) User Experience
2 393 (4.74%) Mobile App
3 354 (4.27%) Open Source
4 254 (3.07%) Analytical Skills
5 248 (2.99%) W3C
6 215 (2.59%) Computer Science
7 157 (1.89%) Visualisation
8 139 (1.68%) Enterprise Software
9 105 (1.27%) Social Media
10 82 (0.99%) Digital Media
11 81 (0.98%) Graphic Design
12 72 (0.87%) iPhone
13 70 (0.84%) iPad
14 59 (0.71%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 56 (0.68%) Inversion of Control
16 53 (0.64%) N-Tier
16 53 (0.64%) Animation
17 50 (0.60%) E-Learning
18 47 (0.57%) RIA
19 45 (0.54%) Management Information System
Operating Systems
1 766 (9.24%) Linux
2 440 (5.31%) UNIX
3 413 (4.98%) Windows
4 304 (3.67%) Apple iOS
5 285 (3.44%) Android
6 213 (2.57%) Mac OS X
7 67 (0.81%) Windows Server 2008
8 55 (0.66%) Solaris
9 35 (0.42%) AIX
10 30 (0.36%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
11 25 (0.30%) CentOS
12 21 (0.25%) Mac OS
12 21 (0.25%) Windows Mobile
13 19 (0.23%) Windows 7
14 17 (0.21%) Windows Server 2003
15 16 (0.19%) Ubuntu
16 13 (0.16%) Windows XP
17 11 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
17 11 (0.13%) Windows 8
18 10 (0.12%) Windows Phone
Processes & Methodologies
1 2987 (36.05%) Agile Software Development
2 1978 (23.87%) MVC
3 1403 (16.93%) TDD
4 1397 (16.86%) OO
5 1165 (14.06%) Web Development
6 942 (11.37%) Responsive Web Design
7 913 (11.02%) Scrum
8 884 (10.67%) E-Commerce
9 572 (6.90%) Web Design
10 548 (6.61%) BDD
11 513 (6.19%) Unit Testing
12 479 (5.78%) OOP
13 472 (5.70%) Continuous Integration
14 310 (3.74%) Content Management
15 267 (3.22%) Software Engineering
16 211 (2.55%) SOA
16 211 (2.55%) SEO
17 197 (2.38%) CRM
18 184 (2.22%) Configuration Management
19 177 (2.14%) Workflow
Programming Languages
1 6392 (77.14%) JavaScript
2 1923 (23.21%) C#
3 1563 (18.86%) PHP
4 1533 (18.50%) Java
5 1289 (15.56%) SQL
6 452 (5.45%) Ruby
7 348 (4.20%) Python
8 267 (3.22%) T-SQL
9 195 (2.35%) VB.NET
10 186 (2.24%) PHP5
11 179 (2.16%) PL/SQL
12 165 (1.99%) Scala
13 149 (1.80%) Perl
14 92 (1.11%) C++
15 84 (1.01%) VB
16 69 (0.83%) C
17 62 (0.75%) Objective-C
18 59 (0.71%) VBScript
19 58 (0.70%) Shell Script
19 58 (0.70%) ActionScript
Qualifications
1 435 (5.25%) Degree
2 181 (2.18%) Security Cleared
3 109 (1.32%) SC Cleared
4 48 (0.58%) Microsoft Certification
5 24 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
6 15 (0.18%) CCNA
7 12 (0.14%) Sun Certification
7 12 (0.14%) CCNP
8 11 (0.13%) MCSD
9 10 (0.12%) CTC Cleared
10 9 (0.11%) MCPD
11 8 (0.097%) MCTS
11 8 (0.097%) OCPJP
11 8 (0.097%) DV Cleared
12 7 (0.084%) MCP
13 5 (0.060%) ISEB
13 5 (0.060%) MCSE
14 4 (0.048%) PRINCE2 Certification
14 4 (0.048%) BC Cleared
15 3 (0.036%) MySQL Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 227 (2.74%) QA
2 45 (0.54%) ISO 9001
3 42 (0.51%) WCAG
4 29 (0.35%) WAI
5 21 (0.25%) SLA
6 14 (0.17%) HL7
7 12 (0.14%) ISO 14001
8 9 (0.11%) COBIT
9 6 (0.072%) PCI DSS
10 2 (0.024%) Data Quality
10 2 (0.024%) Section 508
11 1 (0.012%) EMIR
11 1 (0.012%) Dodd-Frank
11 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
System Software
1 52 (0.63%) Active Directory
2 30 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
3 18 (0.22%) Varnish
4 15 (0.18%) VirtualBox
5 11 (0.13%) Docker
6 9 (0.11%) Shibboleth
7 6 (0.072%) NFS
7 6 (0.072%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.060%) VMware ESX
9 4 (0.048%) ProxySG
9 4 (0.048%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.036%) RHEV
10 3 (0.036%) vCloud
11 2 (0.024%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.024%) IAG
11 2 (0.024%) UAG
11 2 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
11 2 (0.024%) DFS Replication
11 2 (0.024%) KVM
12 1 (0.012%) Veritas Volume Manager
Systems Management
1 52 (0.63%) Puppet
2 27 (0.33%) Vagrant
3 23 (0.28%) OpenSSO
4 17 (0.21%) Capistrano
5 16 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (0.13%) OPNET
7 10 (0.12%) Graylog2
8 8 (0.097%) Ansible
9 6 (0.072%) Control-M
10 5 (0.060%) Kibana
11 4 (0.048%) HP Quality Center
12 3 (0.036%) logstash
12 3 (0.036%) ZABBIX
12 3 (0.036%) NetBackup
12 3 (0.036%) Nagios
13 2 (0.024%) CA SiteMinder
13 2 (0.024%) HP Data Protector
13 2 (0.024%) SCOM
13 2 (0.024%) Cacti
13 2 (0.024%) OpenIDM
Vendors
1 631 (7.62%) Microsoft
2 481 (5.80%) Oracle
3 477 (5.76%) Adobe
4 272 (3.28%) Zend
5 147 (1.77%) Sitecore
6 137 (1.65%) Google
7 133 (1.61%) Twitter
8 122 (1.47%) JBoss
9 99 (1.19%) IBM
10 74 (0.89%) EPiServer
11 68 (0.82%) hybris
12 63 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
13 59 (0.71%) SAP
13 59 (0.71%) Facebook
14 46 (0.56%) Red Hat
15 42 (0.51%) Sencha
16 41 (0.49%) Cisco
17 34 (0.41%) VMware
18 33 (0.40%) BMC
19 30 (0.36%) CheckPoint
Surrey
Austin Fraser
Posted: 21 minutes ago
Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire
Ashdown IT
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 33 minutes ago
London
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £450 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £250 to £275 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
South East London
IT Rockstars Recruitment
Posted: 2 hours ago
London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £400 to £450 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Tyne and Wear
Solutions Recruitment
Rate: From £350 to £400 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Edinburgh, Midlothian
TEKsystems
Rate: £300 - £400 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Complete Tech Limited
Rate: From £400 to £500 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £260 Per Day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Arrows Group
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
City, London
Client Server
Rate: £400 to £450 p/day
Posted: 5 hours ago
York, North Yorkshire
Ioko
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Digitech Resourcing Ltd
Rate: From £500 to £600 per day 6mths rolling contract
Posted: 5 hours ago
City, London
Oliver Bernard
Rate: From £300 to £300 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
Bradford, West Yorkshire
Fruition IT Resources Limited
Posted: 6 hours ago
City, London
Vivid Resourcing Ltd
Rate: £300 - £350 per week
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £250 - £350 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
Manchester, Lancashire
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago
London
Explore Recruitment Solutions
Rate: £350 - £400 per day
Posted: 7 hours ago