The table below looks at the statistics for CSS skills in IT contracts advertised across the UK. Included is a guide to the average contractor rates offered in IT contracts that have cited CSS over the 3 months to 24 November 2014 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily contractor rates and hourly contractor rates are treated separately. When calculating average contractor rates, daily rates are not derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Location
3 months to
24 Nov 2014
Same period 2013 Same period 2012
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
Rank 20 20 20
Rank change year-on-year
0 0
Contract jobs citing CSS 4189 3746 3411
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 7.35% 7.21% 6.51%
As % of the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category 27.48% 25.41% 23.25%
Number of daily rates quoted 2972 2521 2161
Average daily rate
Keep up to 90%
of your Daily Rate
Get a Free Illustration
£375 £325 £328
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+15.38% -0.76%
90% offered a daily rate of more than £253 £225 £225
10% offered a daily rate of more than £500 £450 £450
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £300 £300
% change year-on-year
+16.66% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 42 75 84
Average hourly rate £33.00 £33.25 £24.75
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
-0.75% +34.34%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £13.65 £14.85 £14.00
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.50 £42.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £33.00 £33.00 £27.75
% change year-on-year
- +18.91%

The following table is for comparison with the above and provides statistics for the entire Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category in contract jobs advertised across the UK.

Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards Category
UK
Contract IT job ads with a match in the
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category
15243 14744 14670
As % of all contract IT jobs located in the UK 26.74% 28.38% 28.01%
Number of daily rates quoted 10359 9543 8949
Average daily rate £388 £375 £375
Average daily rate % change year-on-year
+3.33% -
90% offered a daily rate of more than £275 £250 £250
10% offered a daily rate of more than £550 £525 £550
UK excluding London average daily rate £350 £325 £325
% change year-on-year
+7.69% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 171 284 365
Average hourly rate £35.00 £34.00 £32.50
Average hourly rate % change year-on-year
+2.94% +4.61%
90% offered a hourly rate of more than £17.00 £17.03 £14.15
10% offered a hourly rate of more than £54.00 £42.50 £45.00
UK excluding London average hourly rate £35.00 £33.00 £32.50
% change year-on-year
+6.06% +1.53%

CSS
Jobs Demand Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving total of IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK as a proportion of the total demand within the Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards category.

CSS Jobs Demand Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in IT contract jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Daily Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Daily Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of daily rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 November 2014.

CSS Daily Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Trend

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for hourly rates quoted in IT contractor jobs citing CSS within the UK.

CSS Hourly Rate Trend in the UK

CSS
Hourly Rate Histogram

This chart provides a histogram of hourly rates quoted in contract IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 November 2014.

CSS Hourly Rate Histogram in the UK

CSS
Top 30 Contract Locations

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the average contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing CSS within the UK over the 3 months to 24 November 2014. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 3 month period last year.

Location
(Use links below to see detailed
statistics and historical trends)
Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Average
Daily Rate
Last 3 Months
Average Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
England 0 3860 £375 +15.38% 2059
London +6 1931 £400 +6.66% 628
South East -6 646 £350 +7.69% 378
City of London +2 386 £400 +6.66% 190
North West +5 270 £328 +9.16% 283
East of England -6 218 £400 +29.03% 129
South West -10 202 £325 +13.04% 193
Yorkshire +3 199 £325 +18.18% 187
Scotland 0 192 £350 +12.00% 90
Manchester +3 180 £325 +4.00% 156
West Midlands -3 159 £338 +22.72% 130
Berkshire -16 149 £335 -1.47% 55
Surrey +21 143 £350 +27.27% 43
West Yorkshire +4 130 £350 +27.27% 106
East Midlands +6 129 £325 +30.00% 97
Leeds +7 95 £350 +32.07% 56
Hampshire -23 95 £345 +9.52% 103
Edinburgh +1 93 £350 +12.00% 38
North East +13 88 £375 +15.38% 31
Glasgow +1 83 £340 +42.40% 36
Tyne and Wear +12 82 £375 +20.00% 24
Newcastle upon Tyne +12 75 £375 +20.00% 15
Wales +14 73 £420 +86.66% 30
Oxfordshire -11 73 £356 +18.75% 51
Birmingham +9 71 £325 +13.04% 38
Bristol -6 70 £325 +30.00% 39
South Wales +20 68 £420 +95.34% 19
Essex +11 68 £425 +45.92% 24
Reading -8 62 £375 +7.14% 20
Northamptonshire +17 60 £337 +49.77% 18

CSS
Top 30 Related IT Skills

For the 6 months to 24 November 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS.

1 7920 (94.29%) HTML
2 6539 (77.85%) JavaScript
3 3665 (43.63%) HTML5
4 3442 (40.98%) jQuery
5 3061 (36.44%) Agile Software Development
6 2919 (34.75%) CSS3
7 2221 (26.44%) .NET
8 2140 (25.48%) MVC
9 1896 (22.57%) C#
10 1599 (19.04%) Java
11 1547 (18.42%) ASP.NET
12 1541 (18.35%) TDD
13 1470 (17.50%) PHP
14 1417 (16.87%) SQL
15 1395 (16.61%) AngularJS
16 1378 (16.40%) OO
17 1368 (16.29%) XML
18 1361 (16.20%) Ajax
19 1263 (15.04%) SQL Server
20 1168 (13.90%) User Experience
21 1150 (13.69%) Web Development
22 1142 (13.60%) Git (software)
23 1083 (12.89%) MySQL
24 1081 (12.87%) Web Services
25 1003 (11.94%) Responsive Web Design
26 986 (11.74%) Scrum
27 838 (9.98%) E-Commerce
28 835 (9.94%) JSON
29 784 (9.33%) CMS
30 767 (9.13%) Backbone.js

CSS
Top Related IT Skills by Category

For the 6 months to 24 November 2014, IT contractor jobs within the UK citing CSS also mentioned the following IT skills grouped by category. The figures indicate the number of jobs and their proportion against the total number of contract IT job ads sampled that cited CSS. Up to 20 skills are shown per category.

Application Platforms
1 784 (9.33%) CMS
2 656 (7.81%) Node.js
3 507 (6.04%) SharePoint
4 393 (4.68%) Apache
5 291 (3.46%) Drupal
6 273 (3.25%) IIS
7 266 (3.17%) Tomcat
8 245 (2.92%) SharePoint 2013
9 242 (2.88%) WordPress
10 195 (2.32%) SharePoint 2010
11 136 (1.62%) JBoss
12 133 (1.58%) Umbraco
13 129 (1.54%) WebSphere
14 99 (1.18%) Sitecore CMS
15 96 (1.14%) Adobe CQ
16 76 (0.90%) WebLogic
17 62 (0.74%) Elasticsearch
18 50 (0.60%) Joomla!
19 49 (0.58%) Confluence
20 45 (0.54%) Apache Solr
Applications
1 684 (8.14%) Photoshop
2 374 (4.45%) Adobe Illustrator
3 197 (2.35%) MS Excel
4 112 (1.33%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 84 (1.00%) Fireworks
6 59 (0.70%) MS Office
7 45 (0.54%) InfoPath
8 43 (0.51%) InDesign
9 31 (0.37%) OmniGraffle
10 29 (0.35%) MS PowerPoint
11 20 (0.24%) Adobe After Effects
11 20 (0.24%) MS Visio
12 17 (0.20%) Acrobat
13 10 (0.12%) Adobe Captivate
14 9 (0.11%) GIMP
15 6 (0.071%) Spreadsheet
16 4 (0.048%) MS Project
17 3 (0.036%) Adobe Premiere
17 3 (0.036%) AutoCAD
17 3 (0.036%) PaintShop Pro
Business Applications
1 158 (1.88%) Magento
2 93 (1.11%) Dynamics CRM
3 47 (0.56%) Google Analytics
4 27 (0.32%) SAP Oil and Gas
5 20 (0.24%) WebTrends
5 20 (0.24%) SiteCatalyst
6 17 (0.20%) Tridion
7 15 (0.18%) Dynamics AX
8 13 (0.15%) Summit
9 9 (0.11%) RMDS
9 9 (0.11%) ION MarketView
10 8 (0.095%) Oracle BPM
11 7 (0.083%) Oracle Payables
12 5 (0.060%) Cognos Business Intelligence
13 4 (0.048%) Remedy ITSM
13 4 (0.048%) Dynamics NAV
13 4 (0.048%) osCommerce
14 3 (0.036%) Cordys
14 3 (0.036%) Shopify
14 3 (0.036%) Remedy AR System
Cloud Services
1 133 (1.58%) Microsoft Azure
2 72 (0.86%) Amazon AWS
3 67 (0.80%) GitHub
4 60 (0.71%) Office 365
5 52 (0.62%) SaaS
6 50 (0.60%) Amazon EC2
7 36 (0.43%) Amazon S3
8 28 (0.33%) Heroku
9 13 (0.15%) Cloud Computing
9 13 (0.15%) Force.com
10 10 (0.12%) Google Cloud Platform
11 8 (0.095%) PaaS
12 5 (0.060%) Google App Engine
13 4 (0.048%) Basecamp
14 3 (0.036%) Amazon SQS
14 3 (0.036%) Google Apps
14 3 (0.036%) Trello
15 1 (0.012%) Responsys
15 1 (0.012%) IaaS
15 1 (0.012%) Amazon ELB
Communications & Networking
1 256 (3.05%) HTTP
2 223 (2.65%) Internet
3 154 (1.83%) Intranet
4 80 (0.95%) LDAP
5 43 (0.51%) Firewall
6 38 (0.45%) HTTPS
7 37 (0.44%) TCP/IP
7 37 (0.44%) FTP
8 31 (0.37%) SSH
9 28 (0.33%) DNS
10 26 (0.31%) SSL
11 21 (0.25%) Extranet
12 20 (0.24%) Cisco Nexus
13 19 (0.23%) BIG-IP
13 19 (0.23%) VPN
14 17 (0.20%) SNMP
14 17 (0.20%) BGP
15 16 (0.19%) OSPF
16 15 (0.18%) F5 BIG-IP LTM
17 13 (0.15%) SMTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 1263 (15.04%) SQL Server
2 1083 (12.89%) MySQL
3 450 (5.36%) Relational Database
4 350 (4.17%) SQL Server 2008
5 225 (2.68%) MongoDB
6 165 (1.96%) NoSQL
7 150 (1.79%) SQL Server 2012
8 143 (1.70%) RDBMS
9 140 (1.67%) Oracle Database
10 125 (1.49%) SQL Server Reporting Services
10 125 (1.49%) SQL Server Integration Services
11 119 (1.42%) PostgreSQL
12 89 (1.06%) SQL Server 2005
13 71 (0.85%) Oracle Database 11g
14 66 (0.79%) Apache Cassandra
15 63 (0.75%) Redis
16 49 (0.58%) MariaDB
17 47 (0.56%) Oracle Database 10g
18 44 (0.52%) Big Data
19 41 (0.49%) Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 1142 (13.60%) Git (software)
2 713 (8.49%) Subversion
3 510 (6.07%) Visual Studio
4 325 (3.87%) Team Foundation Server
5 302 (3.60%) Grunt
6 282 (3.36%) Jasmine
7 271 (3.23%) JUnit
8 256 (3.05%) Selenium
9 229 (2.73%) Jenkins
10 222 (2.64%) JIRA
11 217 (2.58%) Maven
12 212 (2.52%) Eclipse
13 179 (2.13%) Cucumber
14 165 (1.96%) Axure RP
15 144 (1.71%) Dreamweaver
16 143 (1.70%) NUnit
17 116 (1.38%) Ant
18 108 (1.29%) WebDriver
19 96 (1.14%) QUnit
20 95 (1.13%) Bower
General
1 718 (8.55%) Finance
2 400 (4.76%) Marketing
3 305 (3.63%) Banking
4 294 (3.50%) Retail
5 161 (1.92%) Publishing
6 123 (1.46%) Advertising
7 106 (1.26%) Telecoms
8 95 (1.13%) Games
9 83 (0.99%) Legal
10 80 (0.95%) Investment Banking
11 72 (0.86%) Manufacturing
12 42 (0.50%) Electronics
13 33 (0.39%) Front Office
14 29 (0.35%) Back Office
15 28 (0.33%) Financial Institution
16 27 (0.32%) Multimedia
17 25 (0.30%) Law
18 24 (0.29%) Automotive
19 13 (0.15%) French Language
20 9 (0.11%) Pharmaceutical
Job Titles
1 6918 (82.36%) Developer
2 1675 (19.94%) Front-End Developer
3 1153 (13.73%) Web Developer
4 905 (10.77%) .NET Developer
5 652 (7.76%) Senior Developer
6 601 (7.15%) Java Developer
7 594 (7.07%) Designer
8 577 (6.87%) JavaScript Developer
9 565 (6.73%) PHP Developer
10 446 (5.31%) C# Developer
11 324 (3.86%) UI Developer
12 315 (3.75%) C# .NET Developer
13 311 (3.70%) UI Programmer
14 287 (3.42%) ASP.NET Developer
15 253 (3.01%) Front-End Web Developer
16 243 (2.89%) SharePoint Developer
17 220 (2.62%) UX Designer
18 183 (2.18%) C# ASP.NET Developer
19 178 (2.12%) Web Designer
20 168 (2.00%) Architect
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 7920 (94.29%) HTML
2 3665 (43.63%) HTML5
3 3442 (40.98%) jQuery
4 2919 (34.75%) CSS3
5 2221 (26.44%) .NET
6 1547 (18.42%) ASP.NET
7 1395 (16.61%) AngularJS
8 1368 (16.29%) XML
9 1361 (16.20%) Ajax
10 1081 (12.87%) Web Services
11 835 (9.94%) JSON
12 767 (9.13%) Backbone.js
13 696 (8.29%) ASP.NET MVC
14 614 (7.31%) Sass
14 614 (7.31%) XHTML
15 582 (6.93%) Spring
16 576 (6.86%) REST
17 569 (6.77%) Twitter Bootstrap
18 553 (6.58%) .NET Framework
19 489 (5.82%) JSP
Miscellaneous
1 1168 (13.90%) User Experience
2 389 (4.63%) Mobile App
3 363 (4.32%) Open Source
4 284 (3.38%) Analytical Skills
5 273 (3.25%) W3C
6 256 (3.05%) Computer Science
7 187 (2.23%) Visualisation
8 161 (1.92%) Enterprise Software
9 100 (1.19%) Social Media
10 97 (1.15%) Digital Media
11 73 (0.87%) Graphic Design
12 64 (0.76%) Inversion of Control
13 60 (0.71%) iPad
14 58 (0.69%) Animation
14 58 (0.69%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
15 57 (0.68%) N-Tier
16 51 (0.61%) Management Information System
17 50 (0.60%) E-Learning
18 49 (0.58%) Web 2.0
19 48 (0.57%) iPhone
Operating Systems
1 760 (9.05%) Linux
2 478 (5.69%) UNIX
3 374 (4.45%) Windows
4 287 (3.42%) Apple iOS
5 276 (3.29%) Android
6 199 (2.37%) Mac OS X
7 58 (0.69%) Windows Server 2008
8 34 (0.40%) Solaris
9 31 (0.37%) AIX
9 31 (0.37%) CentOS
10 29 (0.35%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
10 29 (0.35%) Ubuntu
11 25 (0.30%) Windows Phone
12 19 (0.23%) Mac OS
13 16 (0.19%) Windows Server 2003
14 14 (0.17%) VMS
15 13 (0.15%) Windows 7
16 11 (0.13%) Oracle Linux
17 10 (0.12%) Debian
18 9 (0.11%) Windows Server 2012
Processes & Methodologies
1 3061 (36.44%) Agile Software Development
2 2140 (25.48%) MVC
3 1541 (18.35%) TDD
4 1378 (16.40%) OO
5 1150 (13.69%) Web Development
6 1003 (11.94%) Responsive Web Design
7 986 (11.74%) Scrum
8 838 (9.98%) E-Commerce
9 604 (7.19%) Web Design
10 586 (6.98%) BDD
11 516 (6.14%) Unit Testing
12 495 (5.89%) Continuous Integration
13 402 (4.79%) OOP
14 285 (3.39%) Content Management
15 271 (3.23%) Software Engineering
16 247 (2.94%) SOA
17 226 (2.69%) Mentoring
18 206 (2.45%) Workflow
19 202 (2.40%) CRM
20 194 (2.31%) Configuration Management
Programming Languages
1 6539 (77.85%) JavaScript
2 1896 (22.57%) C#
3 1599 (19.04%) Java
4 1470 (17.50%) PHP
5 1417 (16.87%) SQL
6 473 (5.63%) Ruby
7 388 (4.62%) Python
8 255 (3.04%) T-SQL
9 208 (2.48%) PL/SQL
10 201 (2.39%) Scala
11 168 (2.00%) PHP5
12 162 (1.93%) VB.NET
13 158 (1.88%) Perl
14 97 (1.15%) C++
15 89 (1.06%) C
16 79 (0.94%) Shell Script
17 74 (0.88%) VB
18 67 (0.80%) PowerShell
18 67 (0.80%) Bash Shell
19 66 (0.79%) Objective-C
Qualifications
1 475 (5.65%) Degree
2 249 (2.96%) Security Cleared
3 140 (1.67%) SC Cleared
4 32 (0.38%) Microsoft Certification
5 24 (0.29%) Cisco Certification
6 20 (0.24%) ISEB
7 16 (0.19%) CCNA
8 10 (0.12%) Sun Certification
8 10 (0.12%) DV Cleared
9 8 (0.095%) BC Cleared
9 8 (0.095%) CTC Cleared
9 8 (0.095%) MCTS
9 8 (0.095%) MCPD
9 8 (0.095%) CCNP
10 7 (0.083%) MCP
10 7 (0.083%) MCSD
11 6 (0.071%) ISTQB
11 6 (0.071%) OCPJP
12 5 (0.060%) ITIL Certification
13 4 (0.048%) HND
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 231 (2.75%) QA
2 41 (0.49%) WCAG
3 32 (0.38%) ISO 9001
4 24 (0.29%) WAI
5 22 (0.26%) SLA
6 13 (0.15%) HL7
7 12 (0.14%) ISO 14001
8 9 (0.11%) COBIT
9 5 (0.060%) PCI DSS
10 3 (0.036%) Data Quality
11 2 (0.024%) 21 CFR Part 11
12 1 (0.012%) Section 508
12 1 (0.012%) ISO/IEC 27001
12 1 (0.012%) Sarbanes-Oxley
System Software
1 39 (0.46%) Active Directory
1 39 (0.46%) VMware Infrastructure
2 17 (0.20%) Varnish
2 17 (0.20%) Docker
3 14 (0.17%) VirtualBox
4 13 (0.15%) Shibboleth
5 12 (0.14%) VMware ESX
6 8 (0.095%) vCloud
7 7 (0.083%) Veritas Cluster Server
8 5 (0.060%) NFS
9 4 (0.048%) ProxySG
9 4 (0.048%) Hyper-V
10 3 (0.036%) RHEV
11 2 (0.024%) KVM
11 2 (0.024%) Oracle RAC
11 2 (0.024%) DFS Replication
11 2 (0.024%) IAG
11 2 (0.024%) UAG
11 2 (0.024%) VMware ESXi
12 1 (0.012%) Postfix
Systems Management
1 57 (0.68%) Puppet
2 36 (0.43%) Vagrant
3 16 (0.19%) Opscode Chef
4 13 (0.15%) Ansible
4 13 (0.15%) OpenSSO
4 13 (0.15%) Capistrano
5 12 (0.14%) OPNET
5 12 (0.14%) Graylog2
6 6 (0.071%) HP UCMDB
7 5 (0.060%) Kibana
8 4 (0.048%) HP Quality Center
9 3 (0.036%) Tivoli Identity Manager
9 3 (0.036%) logstash
10 2 (0.024%) Nagios
10 2 (0.024%) CA SiteMinder
10 2 (0.024%) HP Data Protector
10 2 (0.024%) NetBackup
10 2 (0.024%) Cacti
11 1 (0.012%) Zenoss
11 1 (0.012%) Tivoli
Vendors
1 679 (8.08%) Microsoft
2 517 (6.15%) Oracle
3 462 (5.50%) Adobe
4 241 (2.87%) Zend
5 176 (2.10%) Google
6 128 (1.52%) Twitter
7 116 (1.38%) Sitecore
8 84 (1.00%) IBM
9 69 (0.82%) Facebook
10 64 (0.76%) EPiServer
10 64 (0.76%) Salesforce.com
11 57 (0.68%) hybris
12 51 (0.61%) VMware
13 47 (0.56%) SAP
14 41 (0.49%) Cisco
15 39 (0.46%) Sencha
16 37 (0.44%) ServiceNow
17 34 (0.40%) Red Hat
18 33 (0.39%) Ektron
19 31 (0.37%) BMC
London
Purple Consultancy
Rate: £300 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Salt
Posted: 1 hour ago
London
Purple Consultancy
Rate: £400 per day
Posted: 1 hour ago
Edinburgh & Lothians
Davanti Solutions
Rate: Up to £350 per day
Posted: 2 hours ago
Romsey, Hampshire
Polar Recruitment
Rate: £225 - £300 per day + none
Posted: 2 hours ago
Birmingham, West Midlands (County)
Roc Search
Posted: 2 hours ago
Swindon, Wiltshire
Experis Ltd
Rate: £350.00 - £400.00 per day
Posted: 3 hours ago
London
Lorien Resourcing
Rate: £400 - £450 per annum
Posted: 4 hours ago
Liverpool, Merseyside
Montash
Rate: £350 - £450 per day
Posted: 4 hours ago
Brighton, East Sussex
Connectus
Rate: £21.58 per hour
Posted: 4 hours ago
Leeds, West Yorkshire
Oscar Associates (UK) Ltd
Rate: £250 - £300 per day
Posted: 5 hours ago
North London
Proactive Appointments
Rate: From £255 to £270 per day on a 3-6 months month contract.
Posted: 5 hours ago
London
Alexander Mann Solutions
Posted: 20 hours ago
Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Mortimer Spinks
Rate: £300 - £320 per day
Posted: 22 hours ago
Slough, Berkshire
Understanding Recruitment
Rate: £300 - £350 per day
Posted: Yesterday
UK
Global Technology Solutions Ltd
Rate: £450 - £650 per day
Posted: Yesterday
London
Careerwise UK Limited
Rate: £450 - £500 per day
Posted: Yesterday
City, London
Zebra People
Rate: £400 - £450 per day
Posted: 2 days ago
West Sussex
ARC IT Recruitment Ltd
Rate: £350 Per Day
Posted: 2 days ago
City, London
TEKsystems
Rate: £550 - £600 per day
Posted: 2 days ago