Period
to 10 December 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 10 December 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
London > Central London
6 months to
10 Dec 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 57 40 39
Rank change year-on-year -17 -1 0
Contract jobs citing BDD 276 524 441
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 3.87% 5.61% 5.13%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 4.32% 6.35% 5.73%
Number of daily rates quoted 237 435 376
Central London median daily rate £550 £525 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.76% - +5.00%
10th Percentile £413 £417 £371
90th Percentile £675 £650 £650
London median daily rate £550 £525 £513
% change year-on-year +4.76% +2.44% +5.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Central London median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £19.50 -
% change year-on-year +79.49% - -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 6,394 8,257 7,692
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 89.61% 88.43% 89.54%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,898 6,391 6,005
Central London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
10th Percentile £319 £325 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
London median daily rate £513 £500 £500
% change year-on-year +2.50% - +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 71 102 75
Central London median hourly rate £21.00 £19.00 £20.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +10.53% -5.00% +5.26%
10th Percentile £12.04 £13.31 £13.31
90th Percentile £52.25 £32.90 £34.74
London median hourly rate £24.83 £24.00 £22.50
% change year-on-year +3.46% +6.67% +3.00%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing BDD as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in Central London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing BDD in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for BDD in Central London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing BDD in Central London over the 6 months to 10 December 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for BDD in Central London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the Central London region over the 6 months to 10 December 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -17 219 £550 +4.76% 112
West End of London +13 8 £400 -20.00%
Southwark +31 1 £600 +15.94%
City of Westminster -10 1 £550 -
BDD
London

For the 6 months to 10 December 2019, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 226 (81.88%) TDD
2 194 (70.29%) Agile Software Development
3 115 (41.67%) Java
4 95 (34.42%) Microservices
5 82 (29.71%) JavaScript
6 76 (27.54%) Scrum
7 61 (22.10%) Finance
8 59 (21.38%) Pair Programming
9 58 (21.01%) DevOps
10 57 (20.65%) Docker
11 56 (20.29%) C#
12 55 (19.93%) Test Automation
12 55 (19.93%) AWS
13 54 (19.57%) RESTful
14 53 (19.20%) Software Engineering
15 52 (18.84%) Node.js
16 51 (18.48%) Spring
17 50 (18.12%) Kafka
17 50 (18.12%) Azure
18 49 (17.75%) React
19 47 (17.03%) Kanban
20 46 (16.67%) AngularJS
21 43 (15.58%) Kubernetes
21 43 (15.58%) Continuous Integration
22 37 (13.41%) .NET
23 36 (13.04%) Git (software)
24 34 (12.32%) SQL
24 34 (12.32%) CSS
24 34 (12.32%) Java 8
25 32 (11.59%) TypeScript

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 20 (7.25%) Elasticsearch
2 7 (2.54%) Apache Spark
2 7 (2.54%) Confluence
2 7 (2.54%) JBoss
2 7 (2.54%) Jetty
2 7 (2.54%) Tomcat
3 5 (1.81%) IIS
4 4 (1.45%) Anypoint
5 3 (1.09%) Jupyter
6 2 (0.72%) Alfresco
6 2 (0.72%) LiveLink
6 2 (0.72%) Magnolia
7 1 (0.36%) Mule
7 1 (0.36%) Mule ESB
Applications
1 7 (2.54%) MS Visio
2 5 (1.81%) Chatbot
2 5 (1.81%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (1.81%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (1.81%) Microsoft PowerPoint
3 3 (1.09%) Microsoft Project
Cloud Services
1 55 (19.93%) AWS
2 50 (18.12%) Azure
3 13 (4.71%) GCP
4 8 (2.90%) GitHub
5 4 (1.45%) Amazon ECS
5 4 (1.45%) PaaS
5 4 (1.45%) Power Platform
6 3 (1.09%) Amazon SQS
6 3 (1.09%) Google App Engine
6 3 (1.09%) IaaS
6 3 (1.09%) OpenShift
7 2 (0.72%) Azure Data Factory
7 2 (0.72%) npm
8 1 (0.36%) Amazon EKS
8 1 (0.36%) BrowserStack
8 1 (0.36%) CloudFront
8 1 (0.36%) Data Lake Analytics
8 1 (0.36%) Sauce Labs
8 1 (0.36%) Serverless
8 1 (0.36%) Slack
Communications & Networking
1 11 (3.99%) HTTP
2 9 (3.26%) DNS
2 9 (3.26%) FTP
2 9 (3.26%) SSL
2 9 (3.26%) TCP/IP
3 4 (1.45%) Internet
4 1 (0.36%) Kerberos
Database & Business Intelligence
1 29 (10.51%) MongoDB
2 20 (7.25%) NoSQL
2 20 (7.25%) SQL Server
3 13 (4.71%) PostgreSQL
4 11 (3.99%) Hadoop
5 10 (3.62%) MySQL
6 7 (2.54%) Big Data
6 7 (2.54%) Relational Database
7 6 (2.17%) Apache Cassandra
7 6 (2.17%) Couchbase
8 4 (1.45%) Cosmos DB
8 4 (1.45%) Power BI
8 4 (1.45%) Redis
9 3 (1.09%) Amazon DynamoDB
9 3 (1.09%) Amazon Redshift
9 3 (1.09%) HBase
10 2 (0.72%) Data Lake
10 2 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
10 2 (0.72%) Neo4j
11 1 (0.36%) Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Development Applications
1 36 (13.04%) Git (software)
2 31 (11.23%) Selenium
3 29 (10.51%) Cucumber
4 23 (8.33%) Jenkins
5 17 (6.16%) SpecFlow
6 15 (5.43%) Gradle
7 13 (4.71%) JIRA
7 13 (4.71%) Postman
8 12 (4.35%) TeamCity
8 12 (4.35%) webpack
9 11 (3.99%) Jasmine
9 11 (3.99%) Maven
10 10 (3.62%) Gatling
10 10 (3.62%) GitLab
10 10 (3.62%) gulp
10 10 (3.62%) Mocha
10 10 (3.62%) Spock
11 9 (3.26%) Babel
11 9 (3.26%) Geb
12 8 (2.90%) NUnit
General
1 61 (22.10%) Finance
2 23 (8.33%) Banking
3 12 (4.35%) Front Office
4 9 (3.26%) Law
5 6 (2.17%) Investment Banking
5 6 (2.17%) Retail
6 5 (1.81%) Back Office
7 4 (1.45%) Games
7 4 (1.45%) Legal
8 3 (1.09%) Financial Institution
9 2 (0.72%) Advertising
10 1 (0.36%) Marketing
10 1 (0.36%) Public Sector
10 1 (0.36%) Retail Banking
Job Titles
1 178 (64.49%) Developer
2 71 (25.72%) Java Developer
3 35 (12.68%) Senior Developer
4 22 (7.97%) React Developer
5 21 (7.61%) Analyst
6 17 (6.16%) Scala Developer
7 15 (5.43%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
7 15 (5.43%) Full Stack Developer
8 14 (5.07%) Agile Developer
9 13 (4.71%) Agile Java Developer
9 13 (4.71%) Java Engineer
10 12 (4.35%) Business Analyst
10 12 (4.35%) Node.js Developer
10 12 (4.35%) Test Engineer
11 11 (3.99%) .NET Developer
11 11 (3.99%) Test Automation Engineer
12 10 (3.62%) JavaScript Developer
12 10 (3.62%) Senior React Developer
13 9 (3.26%) C# Developer
13 9 (3.26%) Tester
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 54 (19.57%) RESTful
2 52 (18.84%) Node.js
3 51 (18.48%) Spring
4 50 (18.12%) Kafka
5 49 (17.75%) React
6 46 (16.67%) AngularJS
7 37 (13.41%) .NET
8 34 (12.32%) CSS
9 31 (11.23%) REST
10 30 (10.87%) HTML
11 29 (10.51%) Redux
12 24 (8.70%) SOAP
13 23 (8.33%) Spring Boot
14 22 (7.97%) Spring Cloud
15 20 (7.25%) HTML5
16 18 (6.52%) GraphQL
16 18 (6.52%) Web Services
17 15 (5.43%) .NET Framework
17 15 (5.43%) Dropwizard
17 15 (5.43%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 15 (5.43%) Analytical Skills
2 13 (4.71%) Greenfield Project
3 10 (3.62%) User Experience
4 9 (3.26%) Mobile App
5 5 (1.81%) Management Information System
6 4 (1.45%) Algorithms
6 4 (1.45%) Cloud Native
6 4 (1.45%) Enterprise Software
6 4 (1.45%) Fixed Income
6 4 (1.45%) Public Cloud
7 3 (1.09%) Data Structures
7 3 (1.09%) Derivative
7 3 (1.09%) Over-the-Top Content
7 3 (1.09%) Video\Live Streaming
7 3 (1.09%) Wiki
8 2 (0.72%) Equities
8 2 (0.72%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
8 2 (0.72%) iPad
9 1 (0.36%) Mobile Banking
9 1 (0.36%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 21 (7.61%) Linux
2 13 (4.71%) Apple iOS
3 6 (2.17%) Android
3 6 (2.17%) Unix
4 3 (1.09%) Mac OS X
4 3 (1.09%) Windows
5 2 (0.72%) Mac OS
6 1 (0.36%) tvOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 226 (81.88%) TDD
2 194 (70.29%) Agile Software Development
3 95 (34.42%) Microservices
4 76 (27.54%) Scrum
5 59 (21.38%) Pair Programming
6 58 (21.01%) DevOps
7 55 (19.93%) Test Automation
8 53 (19.20%) Software Engineering
9 47 (17.03%) Kanban
10 43 (15.58%) Continuous Integration
11 25 (9.06%) Acceptance Criteria
12 24 (8.70%) Digital Transformation Programme
13 23 (8.33%) E-Commerce
13 23 (8.33%) SOLID
14 22 (7.97%) Front End Development
15 20 (7.25%) Continuous Delivery
15 20 (7.25%) SDLC
15 20 (7.25%) User Stories
16 19 (6.88%) MVC
17 18 (6.52%) Domain-Driven Design
Programming Languages
1 115 (41.67%) Java
2 82 (29.71%) JavaScript
3 56 (20.29%) C#
4 34 (12.32%) Java 8
4 34 (12.32%) SQL
5 32 (11.59%) TypeScript
6 22 (7.97%) Scala
7 17 (6.16%) Python
8 13 (4.71%) ES6
9 11 (3.99%) Apex Code
9 11 (3.99%) Ruby
10 5 (1.81%) Apple Swift
11 3 (1.09%) Go
11 3 (1.09%) PHP
11 3 (1.09%) R
11 3 (1.09%) T-SQL
12 2 (0.72%) Java 9
13 1 (0.36%) C++
13 1 (0.36%) ES7
13 1 (0.36%) RPG
Qualifications
1 7 (2.54%) SC Cleared
1 7 (2.54%) Security Cleared
2 6 (2.17%) Degree
3 5 (1.81%) ISTQB
4 2 (0.72%) ISEB
5 1 (0.36%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 26 (9.42%) QA
2 1 (0.36%) GDPR
System Software
1 57 (20.65%) Docker
2 1 (0.36%) HDFS
2 1 (0.36%) Varnish
2 1 (0.36%) Virtual Machines
2 1 (0.36%) VMware Infrastructure
2 1 (0.36%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 43 (15.58%) Kubernetes
2 17 (6.16%) Ansible
3 16 (5.80%) Terraform
4 9 (3.26%) Docker Swarm
5 7 (2.54%) Cobbler
5 7 (2.54%) Opscode Chef
5 7 (2.54%) Puppet
6 6 (2.17%) Marathon
6 6 (2.17%) Mesos
7 4 (1.45%) MIIS
8 1 (0.36%) Hadoop YARN
Vendors
1 17 (6.16%) Google
2 13 (4.71%) Salesforce.com
3 10 (3.62%) Microsoft
4 5 (1.81%) Oracle
5 4 (1.45%) Apple
5 4 (1.45%) MuleSoft
5 4 (1.45%) New Relic
6 3 (1.09%) Atlassian
7 2 (0.72%) Cadence
7 2 (0.72%) iManage
8 1 (0.36%) Birst
8 1 (0.36%) Cognos
8 1 (0.36%) Facebook
8 1 (0.36%) HP
8 1 (0.36%) IBM
8 1 (0.36%) Pega
8 1 (0.36%) Tableau
8 1 (0.36%) VMware