Period
to 13 August 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for BDD skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited BDD over the 6 months to 13 August 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD)
London > Central London
6 months to
13 Aug 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 64 46 46
Rank change year-on-year -18 0 -7
Contract jobs citing BDD 87 392 463
As % of all contract jobs advertised in Central London 3.39% 4.70% 5.07%
As % of the Processes & Methodologies category 3.84% 5.21% 5.72%
Number of daily rates quoted 63 342 392
Median daily rate £525 £550 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -4.55% +7.32% +2.50%
10th Percentile £453 £413 £413
90th Percentile £638 £680 £638
London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 0
Median hourly rate - - -
London median hourly rate £45.00 £35.00 £18.00
% change year-on-year +28.57% +94.44% -

BDD is in the Processes and Methodologies category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for process or methodology skills.

All Process and Methodology Skills
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for process or methodology skills 2,264 7,525 8,089
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 88.09% 90.27% 88.51%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,559 5,858 6,286
Median daily rate £515 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year -1.90% +5.00% -
10th Percentile £328 £350 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
London median daily rate £525 £520 £500
% change year-on-year +0.96% +4.00% +1.42%
Number of hourly rates quoted 45 81 121
Median hourly rate £35.00 £21.00 £18.70
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +66.67% +12.30% +0.03%
10th Percentile £13.26 £11.25 £13.25
90th Percentile £47.75 £56.50 £33.75
Median hourly rate £35.00 £24.50 £23.50
% change year-on-year +42.86% +4.26% +1.62%

BDD
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing BDD as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for BDD in Central London

BDD
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing BDD in Central London.

Daily rate trend for BDD in Central London

BDD
Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing BDD in Central London over the 6 months to 13 August 2020.

Daily rate histogram for BDD in Central London

BDD
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing BDD within the Central London region over the 6 months to 13 August 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -9 70 £514 -6.55% 64
City of Westminster +6 5 £600 +7.53%
West End of London +12 4 £600 +50.00%
BDD
London

For the 6 months to 13 August 2020, IT contractor jobs citing BDD also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for BDD.

1 74 (85.06%) TDD
2 65 (74.71%) Agile Software Development
3 50 (57.47%) Java
4 31 (35.63%) Scrum
4 31 (35.63%) Microservices
5 28 (32.18%) Test Automation
6 25 (28.74%) DevOps
7 23 (26.44%) Azure
8 20 (22.99%) AWS
9 19 (21.84%) JavaScript
10 18 (20.69%) Finance
10 18 (20.69%) Java 8
11 17 (19.54%) Front Office
11 17 (19.54%) Docker
12 16 (18.39%) Banking
13 15 (17.24%) Kanban
14 14 (16.09%) GCP
14 14 (16.09%) C#
15 13 (14.94%) Kubernetes
15 13 (14.94%) React
15 13 (14.94%) Scala
16 12 (13.79%) AngularJS
16 12 (13.79%) HTML
16 12 (13.79%) SQL
16 12 (13.79%) Pair Programming
17 11 (12.64%) Spring
17 11 (12.64%) Investment Banking
17 11 (12.64%) Selenium
17 11 (12.64%) CSS
17 11 (12.64%) Apache Spark

BDD
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 11 (12.64%) Apache Spark
2 4 (4.60%) Confluence
3 1 (1.15%) JBoss
3 1 (1.15%) Red Hat Fuse
3 1 (1.15%) WordPress
Business Applications
1 1 (1.15%) Salesforce.com CRM
1 1 (1.15%) Summit
Cloud Services
1 23 (26.44%) Azure
2 20 (22.99%) AWS
3 14 (16.09%) GCP
4 5 (5.75%) GitHub
5 4 (4.60%) Azure Data Factory
5 4 (4.60%) SaaS
6 2 (2.30%) npm
6 2 (2.30%) Power Platform
6 2 (2.30%) Slack
7 1 (1.15%) Amazon ECS
7 1 (1.15%) BlazeMeter
7 1 (1.15%) OpenShift
7 1 (1.15%) Salesforce Sales Cloud
7 1 (1.15%) Tricentis Tosca
7 1 (1.15%) Yarn
Communications & Networking
1 2 (2.30%) HTTP
2 1 (1.15%) AMQP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 9 (10.34%) MongoDB
2 8 (9.20%) Hadoop
3 6 (6.90%) SQL Server
3 6 (6.90%) SQL Server Integration Services
4 5 (5.75%) Data Lake
5 4 (4.60%) NoSQL
6 3 (3.45%) HBase
6 3 (3.45%) PostgreSQL
6 3 (3.45%) Relational Database
7 2 (2.30%) MySQL
7 2 (2.30%) Power BI
8 1 (1.15%) Amazon Redshift
8 1 (1.15%) Apache Hive
8 1 (1.15%) BigQuery
8 1 (1.15%) Data Warehouse
8 1 (1.15%) Impala
Development Applications
1 11 (12.64%) Selenium
2 10 (11.49%) Cucumber
3 9 (10.34%) Jenkins
3 9 (10.34%) JIRA
3 9 (10.34%) SpecFlow
4 8 (9.20%) Git (software)
5 7 (8.05%) Mockito
6 5 (5.75%) JUnit
7 4 (4.60%) JMeter
7 4 (4.60%) Postman
7 4 (4.60%) Visual Studio Team System
8 3 (3.45%) NUnit
8 3 (3.45%) Protractor
8 3 (3.45%) WebDriver
9 2 (2.30%) Atlassian Bamboo
9 2 (2.30%) jMock
9 2 (2.30%) Subversion
9 2 (2.30%) Team Foundation Server
9 2 (2.30%) TestNG
9 2 (2.30%) WebLOAD
General
1 18 (20.69%) Finance
2 17 (19.54%) Front Office
3 16 (18.39%) Banking
4 11 (12.64%) Investment Banking
5 3 (3.45%) Public Sector
6 1 (1.15%) Games
6 1 (1.15%) Legal
6 1 (1.15%) Publishing
6 1 (1.15%) Retail
Job Titles
1 58 (66.67%) Developer
2 29 (33.33%) Java Developer
3 8 (9.20%) React Developer
4 7 (8.05%) Agile Developer
4 7 (8.05%) Agile Java Developer
5 6 (6.90%) DevOps Engineer
5 6 (6.90%) Scala Developer
6 5 (5.75%) Analyst
6 5 (5.75%) Angular Developer
6 5 (5.75%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
6 5 (5.75%) Senior Developer
7 4 (4.60%) Java Scala Developer
7 4 (4.60%) Test Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) .NET Developer
8 3 (3.45%) C# Developer
8 3 (3.45%) C# Developer - Commodities
8 3 (3.45%) Java Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) JavaScript Developer
8 3 (3.45%) QA Engineer
8 3 (3.45%) Senior Java Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 13 (14.94%) React
2 12 (13.79%) AngularJS
2 12 (13.79%) HTML
3 11 (12.64%) CSS
3 11 (12.64%) Node.js
3 11 (12.64%) REST
3 11 (12.64%) Spring
4 10 (11.49%) RESTful
5 9 (10.34%) .NET
5 9 (10.34%) Kafka
5 9 (10.34%) Web Services
6 6 (6.90%) Spring Boot
7 5 (5.75%) ASP.NET
7 5 (5.75%) HTML5
8 4 (4.60%) ActiveMQ
8 4 (4.60%) Akka
8 4 (4.60%) GraphQL
8 4 (4.60%) JAX-RS
8 4 (4.60%) Jest
9 3 (3.45%) Vue.js
Miscellaneous
1 5 (5.75%) Analytical Skills
2 4 (4.60%) Augmented Reality
2 4 (4.60%) Greenfield Project
2 4 (4.60%) User Experience
3 3 (3.45%) Fixed Income
3 3 (3.45%) Self-Motivation
4 2 (2.30%) Enterprise Software
4 2 (2.30%) Public Cloud
5 1 (1.15%) Client/Server
5 1 (1.15%) FMCG
5 1 (1.15%) Hedge funds
5 1 (1.15%) Management Information System
5 1 (1.15%) Video on Demand
Operating Systems
1 7 (8.05%) Linux
2 6 (6.90%) Unix
3 4 (4.60%) Mac OS X
4 1 (1.15%) Android
4 1 (1.15%) Apple iOS
4 1 (1.15%) Windows
Processes & Methodologies
1 74 (85.06%) TDD
2 65 (74.71%) Agile Software Development
3 31 (35.63%) Microservices
3 31 (35.63%) Scrum
4 28 (32.18%) Test Automation
5 25 (28.74%) DevOps
6 15 (17.24%) Kanban
7 12 (13.79%) Pair Programming
8 10 (11.49%) SDLC
9 9 (10.34%) Continuous Integration
9 9 (10.34%) Non-Functional Testing
10 8 (9.20%) Mathematics
10 8 (9.20%) Problem-Solving
11 7 (8.05%) Acceptance Criteria
11 7 (8.05%) Computer Science
11 7 (8.05%) E-Commerce
11 7 (8.05%) Economics
11 7 (8.05%) Open Source
11 7 (8.05%) Unit Testing
12 6 (6.90%) Functional Testing
Programming Languages
1 50 (57.47%) Java
2 19 (21.84%) JavaScript
3 18 (20.69%) Java 8
4 14 (16.09%) C#
5 13 (14.94%) Scala
6 12 (13.79%) SQL
7 5 (5.75%) TypeScript
8 4 (4.60%) Python
9 3 (3.45%) T-SQL
10 2 (2.30%) PHP
10 2 (2.30%) Ruby
11 1 (1.15%) Apex Code
11 1 (1.15%) ES6
11 1 (1.15%) Groovy
11 1 (1.15%) Kotlin
11 1 (1.15%) XPath
Qualifications
1 9 (10.34%) Degree
2 8 (9.20%) Numerate Degree
3 5 (5.75%) Security Cleared
4 3 (3.45%) ISEB
4 3 (3.45%) ISTQB
5 2 (2.30%) SC Cleared
6 1 (1.15%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
6 1 (1.15%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
6 1 (1.15%) Master's Degree
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 9 (10.34%) QA
2 1 (1.15%) EMIR
2 1 (1.15%) GDPR
2 1 (1.15%) MiFID
System Software
1 17 (19.54%) Docker
2 1 (1.15%) HDFS
Systems Management
1 13 (14.94%) Kubernetes
2 4 (4.60%) Terraform
3 3 (3.45%) Grafana
4 1 (1.15%) Hadoop YARN
4 1 (1.15%) Kibana
Vendors
1 3 (3.45%) Google
2 2 (2.30%) Microsoft
2 2 (2.30%) Splunk
2 2 (2.30%) Tableau
3 1 (1.15%) Atlassian
3 1 (1.15%) DevExpress
3 1 (1.15%) IBM
3 1 (1.15%) Murex
3 1 (1.15%) Oracle
3 1 (1.15%) Salesforce.com
3 1 (1.15%) Sybase