Period
to 9 April 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 9 April 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
9 Apr 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 723 1,565 1,826
As % of all contract jobs advertised in Central London 14.04% 17.43% 19.96%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.61% 33.33% 37.88%
Number of daily rates quoted 575 1,275 1,561
Median daily rate £575 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% - +2.33%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £413
90th Percentile £720 £700 £725
London median daily rate £554 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +0.73% - +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 12 1 9
Median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.00% +225.58% -
London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £26.78
% change year-on-year -2.78% +34.45% -33.06%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 2,527 4,695 4,820
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 49.06% 52.30% 52.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,906 3,729 4,058
Median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £375 £381 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £688
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 23 16 23
Median hourly rate £35.00 £28.75 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +21.74% +33.72% -24.15%
10th Percentile £24.50 £18.32 £17.55
90th Percentile £57.30 £63.25 £67.50
Median hourly rate £43.01 £35.00 £35.00
% change year-on-year +22.89% - -20.45%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in Central London.

Daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in Central London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 9 April 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 9 April 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London -1 595 £575 - 249
City of Westminster -3 28 £600 +9.09%
West End of London -2 14 £538 -2.27%
Southwark +10 9 £600 +4.35% 1
Camden -5 1 £600 -
Java
London

For the 6 months to 9 April 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 323 (44.67%) Agile Software Development
2 185 (25.59%) Spring
3 184 (25.45%) Finance
4 183 (25.31%) Python
5 180 (24.90%) Microservices
6 169 (23.37%) TDD
7 134 (18.53%) AWS
8 128 (17.70%) DevOps
9 124 (17.15%) SQL
10 122 (16.87%) JavaScript
11 111 (15.35%) Banking
12 107 (14.80%) Kubernetes
13 106 (14.66%) Spring Boot
14 100 (13.83%) Docker
15 93 (12.86%) Java 8
16 91 (12.59%) HTML
17 89 (12.31%) REST
18 81 (11.20%) BDD
19 80 (11.07%) Kafka
20 79 (10.93%) Test Automation
20 79 (10.93%) Linux
21 76 (10.51%) Continuous Integration
22 75 (10.37%) Scrum
22 75 (10.37%) Jenkins
23 73 (10.10%) Oracle
24 70 (9.68%) Git (software)
25 69 (9.54%) Web Services
25 69 (9.54%) Software Engineering
25 69 (9.54%) Greenfield Project
26 67 (9.27%) C#

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 41 (5.67%) Apache Spark
2 27 (3.73%) Elasticsearch
3 26 (3.60%) Confluence
4 20 (2.77%) WebLogic
5 13 (1.80%) WebSphere
6 12 (1.66%) Adobe Experience Manager
6 12 (1.66%) CMS
7 10 (1.38%) Apache
8 8 (1.11%) Tomcat
9 7 (0.97%) Apache Airflow
9 7 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
10 6 (0.83%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 6 (0.83%) SharePoint
11 4 (0.55%) JBoss
11 4 (0.55%) MQSeries
11 4 (0.55%) SAS
12 3 (0.41%) BizTalk Server
12 3 (0.41%) Luigi
12 3 (0.41%) Oracle Workflow
12 3 (0.41%) Red Hat Fuse
Applications
1 6 (0.83%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.69%) Microsoft Excel
3 4 (0.55%) Photoshop
3 4 (0.55%) Spreadsheet
4 3 (0.41%) InDesign
5 1 (0.14%) Sketch
5 1 (0.14%) Weka
Business Applications
1 18 (2.49%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.41%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.41%) Oracle EBS
3 2 (0.28%) Magento
3 2 (0.28%) Shopify
4 1 (0.14%) Orchestrade
4 1 (0.14%) SAP ERP
4 1 (0.14%) SAP Oil and Gas
4 1 (0.14%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 134 (18.53%) AWS
2 64 (8.85%) Azure
3 63 (8.71%) GCP
4 34 (4.70%) GitHub
5 20 (2.77%) Power Platform
6 16 (2.21%) Amazon EC2
7 15 (2.07%) Amazon S3
8 12 (1.66%) OpenShift
9 11 (1.52%) Serverless
10 9 (1.24%) AWS Lambda
10 9 (1.24%) SaaS
11 8 (1.11%) Amazon ECS
11 8 (1.11%) AWS CloudFormation
12 7 (0.97%) Amazon Kinesis
12 7 (0.97%) Apigee
13 6 (0.83%) Stackdriver
13 6 (0.83%) Virtual Private Cloud
14 5 (0.69%) Amazon SQS
14 5 (0.69%) Google Compute Engine
14 5 (0.69%) Route 53
Communications & Networking
1 26 (3.60%) HTTP
2 11 (1.52%) Firewall
2 11 (1.52%) SSL
2 11 (1.52%) TCP/IP
3 7 (0.97%) Internet
4 6 (0.83%) DNS
4 6 (0.83%) FTP
5 5 (0.69%) Remote Desktop
6 4 (0.55%) Multicast
7 3 (0.41%) HTTPS
8 2 (0.28%) AMQP
8 2 (0.28%) DHCP
8 2 (0.28%) DSL
9 1 (0.14%) DOCSIS
9 1 (0.14%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.14%) MQTT
9 1 (0.14%) Skype
9 1 (0.14%) SNMP
9 1 (0.14%) Wi-Fi
9 1 (0.14%) Wireless
Database & Business Intelligence
1 48 (6.64%) NoSQL
2 40 (5.53%) Big Data
3 28 (3.87%) SQL Server
4 26 (3.60%) Hadoop
5 22 (3.04%) MySQL
5 22 (3.04%) PostgreSQL
6 21 (2.90%) MongoDB
6 21 (2.90%) Relational Database
7 20 (2.77%) Apache Cassandra
8 19 (2.63%) Power BI
9 16 (2.21%) Data Warehouse
10 10 (1.38%) Amazon RDS
10 10 (1.38%) Oracle Database
11 9 (1.24%) Data Lake
11 9 (1.24%) Redis
12 8 (1.11%) DB2
12 8 (1.11%) RDBMS
13 7 (0.97%) Amazon DynamoDB
13 7 (0.97%) HBase
14 6 (0.83%) Apache Hive
Development Applications
1 75 (10.37%) Jenkins
2 70 (9.68%) Git (software)
3 54 (7.47%) JUnit
4 47 (6.50%) JIRA
5 43 (5.95%) Maven
6 28 (3.87%) Gradle
6 28 (3.87%) Mockito
7 26 (3.60%) Selenium
8 20 (2.77%) Cucumber
9 19 (2.63%) GitLab
10 17 (2.35%) Ant
11 14 (1.94%) Postman
12 13 (1.80%) TeamCity
13 11 (1.52%) JMeter
14 10 (1.38%) Atlassian Bamboo
14 10 (1.38%) git-flow
14 10 (1.38%) Subversion
15 9 (1.24%) SoapUI
15 9 (1.24%) Team Foundation Server
16 8 (1.11%) SonarQube
General
1 184 (25.45%) Finance
2 111 (15.35%) Banking
3 61 (8.44%) Front Office
4 27 (3.73%) Investment Banking
5 21 (2.90%) Public Sector
6 18 (2.49%) Financial Institution
7 15 (2.07%) Marketing
7 15 (2.07%) Retail
8 12 (1.66%) Law
9 8 (1.11%) Back Office
9 8 (1.11%) Telecoms
10 7 (0.97%) Games
10 7 (0.97%) Manufacturing
11 6 (0.83%) Retail Banking
12 5 (0.69%) Electronics
13 4 (0.55%) French Language
13 4 (0.55%) Legal
14 3 (0.41%) Advertising
14 3 (0.41%) Automotive
14 3 (0.41%) Publishing
Job Titles
1 422 (58.37%) Developer
2 290 (40.11%) Java Developer
3 46 (6.36%) DevOps Engineer
3 46 (6.36%) Full Stack Developer
4 41 (5.67%) Architect
5 40 (5.53%) Java Engineer
6 37 (5.12%) Senior Developer
7 32 (4.43%) AWS Developer
8 24 (3.32%) Senior Java Developer
9 21 (2.90%) Consultant
10 20 (2.77%) Analyst
10 20 (2.77%) C# Developer
11 16 (2.21%) AWS DevOps
11 16 (2.21%) AWS Engineer
11 16 (2.21%) Backend Developer
11 16 (2.21%) Data Engineer
11 16 (2.21%) React Developer
11 16 (2.21%) Technical Architect
12 15 (2.07%) Android Developer
12 15 (2.07%) Software Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 185 (25.59%) Spring
2 106 (14.66%) Spring Boot
3 91 (12.59%) HTML
4 89 (12.31%) REST
5 80 (11.07%) Kafka
6 69 (9.54%) Web Services
7 59 (8.16%) AngularJS
7 59 (8.16%) RESTful
8 55 (7.61%) CSS
8 55 (7.61%) React
9 49 (6.78%) .NET
10 42 (5.81%) HTML5
11 41 (5.67%) Node.js
12 39 (5.39%) XML
13 35 (4.84%) SOAP
14 30 (4.15%) JSON
15 29 (4.01%) J2EE
16 23 (3.18%) Hibernate
16 23 (3.18%) Spring Cloud
17 22 (3.04%) RxJava
Miscellaneous
1 69 (9.54%) Greenfield Project
2 41 (5.67%) Enterprise Software
3 38 (5.26%) Analytical Skills
4 33 (4.56%) Fixed Income
5 31 (4.29%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 27 (3.73%) User Experience
7 25 (3.46%) Mobile App
8 22 (3.04%) Data Structures
9 14 (1.94%) Hedge funds
10 13 (1.80%) Algorithms
10 13 (1.80%) Derivative
11 12 (1.66%) Cloud Native
11 12 (1.66%) Equities
12 10 (1.38%) Mobile Payment
13 9 (1.24%) Linux Command Line
13 9 (1.24%) Market Risk
13 9 (1.24%) Self-Motivation
14 8 (1.11%) Credit Risk
15 5 (0.69%) Management Information System
15 5 (0.69%) Tandem
Operating Systems
1 79 (10.93%) Linux
2 37 (5.12%) Unix
3 33 (4.56%) Windows
4 27 (3.73%) Android
5 11 (1.52%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 10 (1.38%) Apple iOS
7 4 (0.55%) Ubuntu
8 3 (0.41%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2012
8 3 (0.41%) Windows Server 2016
9 2 (0.28%) CentOS
9 2 (0.28%) Debian
9 2 (0.28%) Mac OS X
9 2 (0.28%) Solaris
10 1 (0.14%) AIX
10 1 (0.14%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.14%) Windows 10
10 1 (0.14%) Windows XP
Processes & Methodologies
1 323 (44.67%) Agile Software Development
2 180 (24.90%) Microservices
3 169 (23.37%) TDD
4 128 (17.70%) DevOps
5 81 (11.20%) BDD
6 79 (10.93%) Test Automation
7 76 (10.51%) Continuous Integration
8 75 (10.37%) Scrum
9 69 (9.54%) Software Engineering
10 57 (7.88%) Multithreading
11 54 (7.47%) SDLC
12 47 (6.50%) Fintech
13 46 (6.36%) Computer Science
14 44 (6.09%) OO
15 39 (5.39%) Business Intelligence
15 39 (5.39%) Open Source
16 38 (5.26%) Pair Programming
17 37 (5.12%) E-Commerce
18 35 (4.84%) Low Latency
18 35 (4.84%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 183 (25.31%) Python
2 124 (17.15%) SQL
3 122 (16.87%) JavaScript
4 93 (12.86%) Java 8
5 67 (9.27%) C#
6 51 (7.05%) Scala
7 49 (6.78%) C++
8 46 (6.36%) Kotlin
9 33 (4.56%) Ruby
10 28 (3.87%) Go
11 26 (3.60%) PHP
12 24 (3.32%) Groovy
12 24 (3.32%) TypeScript
13 21 (2.90%) PL/SQL
14 15 (2.07%) Bash Shell
14 15 (2.07%) C
15 14 (1.94%) R
15 14 (1.94%) Shell Script
16 11 (1.52%) Perl
16 11 (1.52%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 45 (6.22%) Degree
2 40 (5.53%) Security Cleared
3 35 (4.84%) SC Cleared
4 20 (2.77%) Computer Science Degree
5 12 (1.66%) Master's Degree
6 10 (1.38%) ISTQB
7 8 (1.11%) ISEB
8 5 (0.69%) DV Cleared
8 5 (0.69%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
9 4 (0.55%) BPSS Clearance
10 3 (0.41%) PhD
11 2 (0.28%) AWS Certification
11 2 (0.28%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.14%) CCIE
12 1 (0.14%) CCNA
12 1 (0.14%) Cisco Certification
12 1 (0.14%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.14%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.14%) PMI Certification
12 1 (0.14%) PMP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 37 (5.12%) QA
2 8 (1.11%) GDPR
3 4 (0.55%) MiFID
3 4 (0.55%) PSD2
4 2 (0.28%) Data Quality
4 2 (0.28%) ISO/IEC 20000
4 2 (0.28%) WCAG
5 1 (0.14%) Basel III
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS
5 1 (0.14%) IFRS 9
5 1 (0.14%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 100 (13.83%) Docker
2 8 (1.11%) Active Directory
3 6 (0.83%) HDFS
4 3 (0.41%) OpenAM
4 3 (0.41%) OpenDJ
5 2 (0.28%) Apache Flume
5 2 (0.28%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.14%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 1 (0.14%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.14%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.14%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.14%) VMware Infrastructure
6 1 (0.14%) vSphere
6 1 (0.14%) zsh
Systems Management
1 107 (14.80%) Kubernetes
2 47 (6.50%) Terraform
3 44 (6.09%) Ansible
4 21 (2.90%) Puppet
5 15 (2.07%) Opscode Chef
6 11 (1.52%) Kibana
7 8 (1.11%) Grafana
7 8 (1.11%) Prometheus
8 7 (0.97%) SCCM
9 6 (0.83%) logstash
10 5 (0.69%) Docker Swarm
11 4 (0.55%) CFEngine
11 4 (0.55%) Graphite
11 4 (0.55%) Hadoop YARN
11 4 (0.55%) HP SiteScope
11 4 (0.55%) Istio
11 4 (0.55%) Nagios
11 4 (0.55%) Single Sign-On
12 2 (0.28%) Data Guard
12 2 (0.28%) Oracle RMAN
Vendors
1 73 (10.10%) Oracle
2 44 (6.09%) Microsoft
3 40 (5.53%) Google
4 25 (3.46%) Salesforce.com
5 20 (2.77%) SAP
6 17 (2.35%) Splunk
7 16 (2.21%) Adobe
8 14 (1.94%) Red Hat
9 12 (1.66%) MuleSoft
10 10 (1.38%) Sybase
11 7 (0.97%) IBM
12 6 (0.83%) Informatica
12 6 (0.83%) Tableau
13 5 (0.69%) Atlassian
13 5 (0.69%) HP
13 5 (0.69%) PeopleSoft
13 5 (0.69%) TIBCO
13 5 (0.69%) Vermilion
14 4 (0.55%) CA
14 4 (0.55%) Cloudera