Period
to 17 June 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 17 June 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
17 Jun 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 6
Rank change year-on-year 0 +2 -1
Contract jobs citing Java 1,346 1,698 1,206
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 16.07% 18.71% 16.45%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.45% 35.70% 33.69%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,072 1,428 986
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £550
10th Percentile £425 £413 £391
90th Percentile £700 £713 £675
London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
% change year-on-year - +4.76% +1.94%
Number of hourly rates quoted 1 11 0
Central London median hourly rate £70.00 £21.50 -
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +225.58% - -
London median hourly rate £50.00 £26.60 £35.00
% change year-on-year +88.01% -24.01% -12.50%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,280 4,756 3,580
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 51.10% 52.41% 48.82%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,447 3,940 2,861
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +5.00% +8.11%
10th Percentile £390 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £500 £488
% change year-on-year +5.00% +2.56% +8.33%
Number of hourly rates quoted 22 24 7
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £21.50 £28.35
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +62.79% -24.15% +9.02%
10th Percentile £21.00 £12.90 £16.65
90th Percentile £60.33 £66.00 £39.70
London median hourly rate £36.67 £42.50 £41.00
% change year-on-year -13.72% +3.66% +36.24%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 17 June 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 17 June 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London 0 993 £575 +4.55% 341
City of Westminster +2 79 £550 +10.00% 2
West End of London +1 53 £550 - 5
Southwark -35 15 £575 +4.55%
Camden +5 4 £563 +22.28% 3
Java
London

For the 6 months to 17 June 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 635 (47.18%) Agile Software Development
2 423 (31.43%) Microservices
3 369 (27.41%) TDD
4 365 (27.12%) Spring
5 316 (23.48%) JavaScript
6 314 (23.33%) Docker
7 310 (23.03%) Finance
8 308 (22.88%) Amazon AWS
9 307 (22.81%) DevOps
10 274 (20.36%) Python
11 241 (17.90%) Java 8
12 231 (17.16%) Linux
13 227 (16.86%) Test Automation
14 225 (16.72%) SQL
15 220 (16.34%) Kubernetes
16 216 (16.05%) Git (software)
17 208 (15.45%) BDD
18 198 (14.71%) Banking
19 192 (14.26%) Spring Boot
20 181 (13.45%) HTML
21 179 (13.30%) Jenkins
22 171 (12.70%) REST
23 169 (12.56%) Kafka
24 151 (11.22%) Scrum
25 143 (10.62%) RESTful
26 142 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
27 135 (10.03%) C#
28 132 (9.81%) OO
29 128 (9.51%) CSS
29 128 (9.51%) Scala

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 76 (5.65%) Apache Spark
2 65 (4.83%) Confluence
3 43 (3.19%) Elasticsearch
4 42 (3.12%) Apache
5 24 (1.78%) WebSphere
6 20 (1.49%) Adobe Experience Manager
7 18 (1.34%) CMS
8 15 (1.11%) Tomcat
9 14 (1.04%) JBoss
10 13 (0.97%) Cloud Foundry
10 13 (0.97%) nginx
10 13 (0.97%) WebLogic
11 7 (0.52%) Mule
12 6 (0.45%) Jetty
12 6 (0.45%) WebSphere Application Server
13 5 (0.37%) Apache Airflow
13 5 (0.37%) Apache Solr
13 5 (0.37%) GlassFish
13 5 (0.37%) IIS
13 5 (0.37%) SharePoint
Applications
1 14 (1.04%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.37%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.37%) Sketch
3 4 (0.30%) Photoshop
4 2 (0.15%) Chatbot
5 1 (0.074%) Adobe Creative Suite
5 1 (0.074%) Adobe Illustrator
5 1 (0.074%) HipChat
5 1 (0.074%) InVision
Business Applications
1 13 (0.97%) SAP ERP
1 13 (0.97%) SAP Hybris
2 5 (0.37%) Magento
3 4 (0.30%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 3 (0.22%) Dynamics AX
4 3 (0.22%) Dynamics CRM
4 3 (0.22%) Dynamics NAV
4 3 (0.22%) Remedy ITSM
5 2 (0.15%) Distributed Ledger
5 2 (0.15%) Markit EDM
5 2 (0.15%) MultiChain
5 2 (0.15%) Quorum
6 1 (0.074%) Actimize
6 1 (0.074%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.074%) ION MarketView
6 1 (0.074%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.074%) Shopify
6 1 (0.074%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 308 (22.88%) Amazon AWS
2 119 (8.84%) Microsoft Azure
3 75 (5.57%) Google Cloud Platform
4 47 (3.49%) GitHub
5 45 (3.34%) Serverless
6 43 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
7 37 (2.75%) Amazon EC2
8 33 (2.45%) Amazon S3
9 25 (1.86%) AWS CloudFormation
10 23 (1.71%) Virtual Private Cloud
11 20 (1.49%) OpenShift
12 19 (1.41%) Amazon CloudWatch
12 19 (1.41%) Amazon SQS
13 18 (1.34%) Amazon ECS
13 18 (1.34%) Amazon Kinesis
14 17 (1.26%) Apigee
15 16 (1.19%) Power Platform
16 13 (0.97%) Datadog
17 12 (0.89%) PaaS
18 11 (0.82%) Heroku
Communications & Networking
1 84 (6.24%) HTTP
2 41 (3.05%) TCP/IP
3 37 (2.75%) SSL
4 36 (2.67%) DNS
5 35 (2.60%) FTP
6 19 (1.41%) Internet
7 17 (1.26%) DHCP
7 17 (1.26%) IPsec
8 6 (0.45%) Kerberos
9 5 (0.37%) Firewall
10 3 (0.22%) AMQP
10 3 (0.22%) HTTPS
10 3 (0.22%) SAN
10 3 (0.22%) X.509
11 2 (0.15%) Intranet
11 2 (0.15%) VPN
11 2 (0.15%) Wireshark
12 1 (0.074%) BGP
12 1 (0.074%) OSPF
12 1 (0.074%) RTP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 110 (8.17%) MongoDB
2 108 (8.02%) NoSQL
3 99 (7.36%) Relational Database
4 95 (7.06%) Big Data
5 68 (5.05%) SQL Server
6 65 (4.83%) PostgreSQL
7 63 (4.68%) MySQL
8 57 (4.23%) Hadoop
9 47 (3.49%) Apache Cassandra
10 35 (2.60%) RDBMS
10 35 (2.60%) Redis
11 27 (2.01%) Amazon RDS
12 26 (1.93%) Apache Hive
13 24 (1.78%) HBase
14 23 (1.71%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 20 (1.49%) Data Warehouse
16 17 (1.26%) Neo4j
17 16 (1.19%) Data Lake
18 14 (1.04%) Impala
19 13 (0.97%) Blockchain
Development Applications
1 216 (16.05%) Git (software)
2 179 (13.30%) Jenkins
3 117 (8.69%) Maven
4 103 (7.65%) JIRA
5 98 (7.28%) Cucumber
6 81 (6.02%) Selenium
7 72 (5.35%) Subversion
8 54 (4.01%) JUnit
9 48 (3.57%) Mockito
10 42 (3.12%) Gradle
11 35 (2.60%) WebDriver
12 29 (2.15%) gulp
13 26 (1.93%) Gatling
14 25 (1.86%) Travis CI
15 24 (1.78%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 22 (1.63%) Sonatype Nexus
17 21 (1.56%) GitLab
18 16 (1.19%) Grunt
18 16 (1.19%) JMeter
18 16 (1.19%) TeamCity
General
1 310 (23.03%) Finance
2 198 (14.71%) Banking
3 116 (8.62%) Front Office
4 59 (4.38%) Retail
5 57 (4.23%) Investment Banking
6 17 (1.26%) Marketing
7 14 (1.04%) Financial Institution
7 14 (1.04%) Games
8 13 (0.97%) Back Office
9 12 (0.89%) Advertising
10 11 (0.82%) Retail Banking
11 8 (0.59%) Publishing
12 6 (0.45%) Law
13 5 (0.37%) Electronics
13 5 (0.37%) Legal
14 4 (0.30%) Telecoms
15 3 (0.22%) Billing
15 3 (0.22%) Manufacturing
16 1 (0.074%) French Language
16 1 (0.074%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 822 (61.07%) Developer
2 524 (38.93%) Java Developer
3 130 (9.66%) Senior Developer
4 113 (8.40%) DevOps Engineer
5 92 (6.84%) Senior Java Developer
6 80 (5.94%) Full Stack Developer
7 71 (5.27%) Java Engineer
8 62 (4.61%) Architect
9 55 (4.09%) AWS Developer
10 45 (3.34%) Software Engineer
11 43 (3.19%) React Developer
12 42 (3.12%) Front End Developer (Client-Side Developer)
13 37 (2.75%) AWS Engineer
13 37 (2.75%) Data Engineer
14 33 (2.45%) Cloud Engineer
14 33 (2.45%) Scala Developer
15 30 (2.23%) Analyst
15 30 (2.23%) Python Developer
15 30 (2.23%) Software Developer
16 27 (2.01%) Agile Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 365 (27.12%) Spring
2 192 (14.26%) Spring Boot
3 181 (13.45%) HTML
4 171 (12.70%) REST
5 169 (12.56%) Kafka
6 143 (10.62%) RESTful
7 128 (9.51%) CSS
8 123 (9.14%) Node.js
9 119 (8.84%) Web Services
10 118 (8.77%) React
11 114 (8.47%) AngularJS
12 85 (6.32%) HTML5
13 84 (6.24%) .NET
14 79 (5.87%) XML
15 76 (5.65%) JSON
16 75 (5.57%) Hibernate
17 51 (3.79%) SOAP
18 45 (3.34%) Redux
19 42 (3.12%) J2EE
20 36 (2.67%) Middleware
Miscellaneous
1 104 (7.73%) Greenfield Project
2 58 (4.31%) Algorithms
3 49 (3.64%) Analytical Skills
3 49 (3.64%) Equities
4 48 (3.57%) User Experience
5 43 (3.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 40 (2.97%) Derivative
7 39 (2.90%) Data Structures
8 35 (2.60%) Enterprise Software
9 32 (2.38%) Mobile App
10 29 (2.15%) Fixed Income
11 28 (2.08%) Equity Derivative
12 27 (2.01%) Self-Motivation
13 16 (1.19%) iPad
14 15 (1.11%) Linux Command Line
15 14 (1.04%) Cloud Native
15 14 (1.04%) Data Protection Act
16 12 (0.89%) Virtual Team
17 10 (0.74%) Hedge funds
17 10 (0.74%) Public Cloud
Operating Systems
1 231 (17.16%) Linux
2 108 (8.02%) Unix
3 52 (3.86%) Windows
4 51 (3.79%) Android
5 36 (2.67%) Mac OS X
6 28 (2.08%) Apple iOS
7 12 (0.89%) Windows Server
8 6 (0.45%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 6 (0.45%) Ubuntu
9 3 (0.22%) Solaris
10 2 (0.15%) Mac OS
10 2 (0.15%) Windows Server 2012
11 1 (0.074%) Amazon Linux
11 1 (0.074%) CentOS
11 1 (0.074%) CoreOS
11 1 (0.074%) Debian
11 1 (0.074%) Fedora
Processes & Methodologies
1 635 (47.18%) Agile Software Development
2 423 (31.43%) Microservices
3 369 (27.41%) TDD
4 307 (22.81%) DevOps
5 227 (16.86%) Test Automation
6 208 (15.45%) BDD
7 151 (11.22%) Scrum
8 142 (10.55%) Continuous Integration
9 132 (9.81%) OO
10 126 (9.36%) Software Engineering
11 115 (8.54%) SDLC
12 114 (8.47%) E-Commerce
13 110 (8.17%) Fintech
14 101 (7.50%) Open Source
15 79 (5.87%) Analytics
15 79 (5.87%) Multithreading
16 78 (5.79%) Problem-Solving
17 73 (5.42%) Web Development
18 70 (5.20%) Mentoring
19 67 (4.98%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 316 (23.48%) JavaScript
2 274 (20.36%) Python
3 241 (17.90%) Java 8
4 225 (16.72%) SQL
5 135 (10.03%) C#
6 128 (9.51%) Scala
7 80 (5.94%) Kotlin
8 75 (5.57%) TypeScript
9 59 (4.38%) C++
10 50 (3.71%) ES6
11 48 (3.57%) Bash Shell
12 43 (3.19%) Go
12 43 (3.19%) Ruby
13 37 (2.75%) Groovy
13 37 (2.75%) Shell Script
14 33 (2.45%) PHP
15 32 (2.38%) Perl
16 25 (1.86%) PowerShell
17 21 (1.56%) R
18 17 (1.26%) VBA
Qualifications
1 79 (5.87%) Degree
2 73 (5.42%) Security Cleared
3 37 (2.75%) SC Cleared
4 30 (2.23%) DV Cleared
5 22 (1.63%) Computer Science Degree
6 13 (0.97%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.82%) Master's Degree
8 10 (0.74%) PhD
9 9 (0.67%) ISEB
10 8 (0.59%) Numerate Degree
11 7 (0.52%) BPSS Clearance
12 6 (0.45%) AWS Certification
13 5 (0.37%) CTC Cleared
14 3 (0.22%) CISSP
15 2 (0.15%) CEH
15 2 (0.15%) CITP
15 2 (0.15%) GIAC
15 2 (0.15%) GPEN
15 2 (0.15%) ITIL Certification
15 2 (0.15%) MBCS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 92 (6.84%) QA
2 11 (0.82%) Data Quality
3 7 (0.52%) GDPR
4 5 (0.37%) PCI DSS
4 5 (0.37%) WCAG
5 3 (0.22%) SLA
5 3 (0.22%) Solvency II
6 2 (0.15%) MiFID
7 1 (0.074%) EMIR
7 1 (0.074%) ISO 8583
System Software
1 314 (23.33%) Docker
2 22 (1.63%) Virtual Machines
3 18 (1.34%) HDFS
4 10 (0.74%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 7 (0.52%) VMware Infrastructure
6 6 (0.45%) Active Directory
7 5 (0.37%) Apache Flume
8 4 (0.30%) OpenAM
8 4 (0.30%) OpenDJ
8 4 (0.30%) OpenIDM
9 3 (0.22%) KVM
9 3 (0.22%) Xen
10 2 (0.15%) etcd
11 1 (0.074%) VirtualBox
Systems Management
1 220 (16.34%) Kubernetes
2 101 (7.50%) Ansible
3 77 (5.72%) Terraform
4 46 (3.42%) Puppet
5 25 (1.86%) Opscode Chef
6 19 (1.41%) Hadoop YARN
7 15 (1.11%) Docker Swarm
8 14 (1.04%) Kibana
9 13 (0.97%) Istio
10 12 (0.89%) Mesos
11 11 (0.82%) Marathon
12 10 (0.74%) Grafana
13 6 (0.45%) ZABBIX
14 5 (0.37%) linkerd
14 5 (0.37%) logstash
14 5 (0.37%) Single Sign-On
15 3 (0.22%) Consul
15 3 (0.22%) Graphite
15 3 (0.22%) ITRS Geneos
15 3 (0.22%) Rundeck
Vendors
1 75 (5.57%) Google
2 68 (5.05%) Oracle
3 46 (3.42%) hybris
4 42 (3.12%) Microsoft
5 33 (2.45%) Splunk
6 25 (1.86%) Atlassian
7 22 (1.63%) MuleSoft
8 17 (1.26%) Adobe
8 17 (1.26%) Sybase
9 16 (1.19%) SAP
10 14 (1.04%) IBM
10 14 (1.04%) TIBCO
11 13 (0.97%) Perforce
12 11 (0.82%) New Relic
12 11 (0.82%) Salesforce.com
12 11 (0.82%) VMware
13 10 (0.74%) Tableau
14 8 (0.59%) AppDynamics
14 8 (0.59%) ForgeRock
14 8 (0.59%) Red Hat