Period
to 13 July 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 13 July 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
13 Jul 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 4 4 4
Rank change year-on-year 0 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 504 1,388 1,725
As % of all contract jobs advertised in Central London 15.58% 15.87% 18.32%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.58% 31.28% 34.79%
Number of daily rates quoted 397 1,137 1,450
Median daily rate £563 £550 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% - -
10th Percentile £413 £425 £413
90th Percentile £725 £688 £713
London median daily rate £560 £560 £550
% change year-on-year - +1.82% +4.76%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 1 11
Median hourly rate £35.00 £70.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -50.00% +225.58% -
10th Percentile £33.35 £70.00 £12.50
90th Percentile £58.25 £70.00 £21.75
London median hourly rate £35.00 £50.00 £45.00
% change year-on-year -30.00% +11.11% +28.57%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 1,596 4,438 4,959
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 49.35% 50.75% 52.65%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,175 3,599 4,093
Median daily rate £525 £525 £525
10th Percentile £367 £392 £363
90th Percentile £688 £675 £675
London median daily rate £525 £525 £510
% change year-on-year - +2.94% +2.51%
Number of hourly rates quoted 16 23 24
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.00 £21.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - +62.79% -12.19%
10th Percentile £29.00 £21.00 £12.58
90th Percentile £57.00 £59.90 £55.38
Median hourly rate £35.00 £35.50 £42.38
% change year-on-year -1.41% -16.24% +5.96%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a proportion of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average daily rate quoted in jobs citing Java in Central London.

Daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

Daily rate distribution for jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

3-month moving average hourly rates quoted in jobs citing Java in Central London.

Hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Hourly Rate Histogram in Central London

Hourly rate distribution of jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 13 July 2020.

Hourly rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 13 July 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 411 £565 -1.74% 122
West End of London -2 16 £575 +4.55%
City of Westminster -4 16 £600 +9.09%
Southwark +38 5 £438 -23.91%
Camden +4 1 £600 -
Java
London

For the 6 months to 13 July 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 221 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (26.79%) Microservices
3 119 (23.61%) Finance
3 119 (23.61%) TDD
4 116 (23.02%) AWS
5 114 (22.62%) Python
6 109 (21.63%) Spring
7 100 (19.84%) Kubernetes
8 95 (18.85%) DevOps
9 93 (18.45%) Docker
10 91 (18.06%) SQL
11 88 (17.46%) JavaScript
12 86 (17.06%) Banking
13 77 (15.28%) Java 8
14 71 (14.09%) Azure
15 69 (13.69%) Spring Boot
16 68 (13.49%) Test Automation
17 64 (12.70%) Front Office
17 64 (12.70%) Scrum
18 63 (12.50%) Linux
18 63 (12.50%) REST
19 62 (12.30%) BDD
20 60 (11.90%) Git (software)
21 58 (11.51%) GCP
22 53 (10.52%) Continuous Integration
23 52 (10.32%) Kafka
23 52 (10.32%) Jenkins
24 50 (9.92%) Multithreading
24 50 (9.92%) Oracle
25 49 (9.72%) C#

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 40 (7.94%) Apache Spark
2 25 (4.96%) Elasticsearch
3 16 (3.17%) Confluence
4 13 (2.58%) WebLogic
5 11 (2.18%) Apache
6 6 (1.19%) Cloud Foundry
6 6 (1.19%) Oracle SOA Suite
6 6 (1.19%) Tomcat
7 5 (0.99%) SharePoint
8 4 (0.79%) Apache Airflow
8 4 (0.79%) WebSphere
9 3 (0.60%) Apache Solr
9 3 (0.60%) SAS
10 2 (0.40%) CMS
10 2 (0.40%) JBoss
10 2 (0.40%) MQSeries
10 2 (0.40%) nginx
10 2 (0.40%) Tornado
11 1 (0.20%) IBM HTTP Server
11 1 (0.20%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 8 (1.59%) Microsoft Office
2 5 (0.99%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Excel
4 1 (0.20%) RoboHelp
Business Applications
1 4 (0.79%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.60%) Salesforce.com CRM
3 1 (0.20%) Dynamics CRM
3 1 (0.20%) ION MarketView
3 1 (0.20%) Magento
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle 11i
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle Applications
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle EBS R12
3 1 (0.20%) Oracle Payables
3 1 (0.20%) SAP ERP
3 1 (0.20%) SAP Oil and Gas
3 1 (0.20%) Shopify
Cloud Services
1 116 (23.02%) AWS
2 71 (14.09%) Azure
3 58 (11.51%) GCP
4 25 (4.96%) GitHub
5 12 (2.38%) Power Platform
6 9 (1.79%) Amazon ECS
6 9 (1.79%) Serverless
7 8 (1.59%) SaaS
8 6 (1.19%) Amazon EC2
8 6 (1.19%) Cloud Computing
8 6 (1.19%) OpenShift
9 5 (0.99%) Amazon Kinesis
9 5 (0.99%) Apigee
9 5 (0.99%) AWS CloudFormation
9 5 (0.99%) AWS Lambda
10 4 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
11 3 (0.60%) Amazon EKS
11 3 (0.60%) PaaS
11 3 (0.60%) Tricentis Tosca
11 3 (0.60%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 15 (2.98%) SSL
2 13 (2.58%) HTTP
3 8 (1.59%) DNS
3 8 (1.59%) Firewall
3 8 (1.59%) HTTPS
3 8 (1.59%) TCP/IP
4 3 (0.60%) FTP
5 2 (0.40%) DSL
5 2 (0.40%) Internet
5 2 (0.40%) Multicast
6 1 (0.20%) Broadband
6 1 (0.20%) Cisco IPT
6 1 (0.20%) DHCP
6 1 (0.20%) FIX Connectivity
6 1 (0.20%) LAN
6 1 (0.20%) VPN
6 1 (0.20%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 35 (6.94%) NoSQL
2 33 (6.55%) Big Data
2 33 (6.55%) SQL Server
3 21 (4.17%) MongoDB
3 21 (4.17%) MySQL
4 16 (3.17%) Hadoop
5 13 (2.58%) Apache Cassandra
5 13 (2.58%) PostgreSQL
5 13 (2.58%) Relational Database
6 12 (2.38%) Data Warehouse
7 11 (2.18%) Power BI
8 9 (1.79%) RDBMS
9 8 (1.59%) Oracle Database
10 7 (1.39%) Data Lake
10 7 (1.39%) Redis
10 7 (1.39%) Spotfire
11 6 (1.19%) Amazon RDS
12 5 (0.99%) Apache Hive
12 5 (0.99%) Azure SQL Database
12 5 (0.99%) SQL Server Reporting Services
Development Applications
1 60 (11.90%) Git (software)
2 52 (10.32%) Jenkins
3 35 (6.94%) JUnit
4 32 (6.35%) Maven
5 29 (5.75%) JIRA
6 23 (4.56%) Gradle
7 21 (4.17%) Selenium
8 19 (3.77%) Mockito
9 17 (3.37%) Cucumber
10 15 (2.98%) GitLab
11 13 (2.58%) TeamCity
12 12 (2.38%) Ant
13 9 (1.79%) Android Studio
13 9 (1.79%) Postman
14 8 (1.59%) Sonatype Nexus
15 7 (1.39%) Atlassian Bamboo
16 6 (1.19%) JMeter
16 6 (1.19%) Subversion
16 6 (1.19%) Team Foundation Server
17 5 (0.99%) Xcode
General
1 119 (23.61%) Finance
2 86 (17.06%) Banking
3 64 (12.70%) Front Office
4 25 (4.96%) Investment Banking
5 17 (3.37%) Public Sector
6 14 (2.78%) Retail
7 13 (2.58%) Financial Institution
8 7 (1.39%) Law
9 6 (1.19%) Marketing
10 4 (0.79%) Police
11 3 (0.60%) Automotive
11 3 (0.60%) Back Office
11 3 (0.60%) French Language
11 3 (0.60%) Manufacturing
12 2 (0.40%) Games
12 2 (0.40%) Retail Banking
12 2 (0.40%) Telecoms
13 1 (0.20%) Aerospace
13 1 (0.20%) Electronics
13 1 (0.20%) Japanese Language
Job Titles
1 303 (60.12%) Developer
2 204 (40.48%) Java Developer
3 46 (9.13%) DevOps Engineer
4 31 (6.15%) Full Stack Developer
5 24 (4.76%) Senior Developer
6 21 (4.17%) AWS Developer
6 21 (4.17%) Java Engineer
7 19 (3.77%) Android Developer
8 16 (3.17%) Architect
8 16 (3.17%) Senior Java Developer
9 15 (2.98%) AWS DevOps
9 15 (2.98%) AWS Engineer
10 14 (2.78%) AWS DevOps Engineer
10 14 (2.78%) Backend Developer
10 14 (2.78%) Consultant
11 13 (2.58%) Scala Developer
12 12 (2.38%) Front Office Developer
12 12 (2.38%) Software Engineer
13 11 (2.18%) Agile Developer
13 11 (2.18%) Analyst
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 109 (21.63%) Spring
2 69 (13.69%) Spring Boot
3 63 (12.50%) REST
4 52 (10.32%) Kafka
5 42 (8.33%) Web Services
6 41 (8.13%) HTML
7 38 (7.54%) AngularJS
7 38 (7.54%) React
8 32 (6.35%) Node.js
8 32 (6.35%) RESTful
9 28 (5.56%) .NET
9 28 (5.56%) HTML5
10 25 (4.96%) CSS
11 24 (4.76%) SOAP
12 19 (3.77%) Hibernate
13 17 (3.37%) XML
14 16 (3.17%) RxJava
15 15 (2.98%) J2EE
15 15 (2.98%) JSON
16 13 (2.58%) FIX Protocol
Miscellaneous
1 38 (7.54%) Greenfield Project
2 37 (7.34%) Fixed Income
3 35 (6.94%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 30 (5.95%) Analytical Skills
5 26 (5.16%) Enterprise Software
6 22 (4.37%) User Experience
7 21 (4.17%) Mobile App
8 16 (3.17%) Derivative
9 14 (2.78%) Data Structures
9 14 (2.78%) Hedge funds
10 11 (2.18%) Market Risk
11 8 (1.59%) Credit Risk
12 7 (1.39%) Algorithms
13 6 (1.19%) Equities
14 5 (0.99%) Cloud Native
15 4 (0.79%) Augmented Reality
15 4 (0.79%) iPad
15 4 (0.79%) Linux Command Line
15 4 (0.79%) Mobile Payment
15 4 (0.79%) Self-Motivation
Operating Systems
1 63 (12.50%) Linux
2 34 (6.75%) Unix
3 28 (5.56%) Android
4 14 (2.78%) Windows
5 8 (1.59%) Apple iOS
5 8 (1.59%) Mac OS X
6 7 (1.39%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
7 2 (0.40%) Solaris
7 2 (0.40%) Ubuntu
7 2 (0.40%) Windows Server 2016
8 1 (0.20%) AIX
8 1 (0.20%) CentOS
8 1 (0.20%) Debian
8 1 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
8 1 (0.20%) Windows 10
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2008
8 1 (0.20%) Windows Server 2012
8 1 (0.20%) Windows XP
8 1 (0.20%) zOS
Processes & Methodologies
1 221 (43.85%) Agile Software Development
2 135 (26.79%) Microservices
3 119 (23.61%) TDD
4 95 (18.85%) DevOps
5 68 (13.49%) Test Automation
6 64 (12.70%) Scrum
7 62 (12.30%) BDD
8 53 (10.52%) Continuous Integration
9 50 (9.92%) Multithreading
10 43 (8.53%) SDLC
10 43 (8.53%) Software Engineering
11 36 (7.14%) Pair Programming
12 35 (6.94%) Electronic Trading
13 32 (6.35%) OO
14 31 (6.15%) Problem-Solving
15 29 (5.75%) Open Source
16 28 (5.56%) Fintech
17 24 (4.76%) Continuous Deployment
17 24 (4.76%) Low Latency
18 23 (4.56%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 114 (22.62%) Python
2 91 (18.06%) SQL
3 88 (17.46%) JavaScript
4 77 (15.28%) Java 8
5 49 (9.72%) C#
6 46 (9.13%) Kotlin
7 41 (8.13%) Scala
8 24 (4.76%) Go
9 21 (4.17%) Groovy
9 21 (4.17%) Ruby
10 18 (3.57%) Shell Script
11 17 (3.37%) C++
12 15 (2.98%) Bash Shell
12 15 (2.98%) TypeScript
13 14 (2.78%) PL/SQL
14 13 (2.58%) PHP
15 11 (2.18%) C
15 11 (2.18%) PowerShell
16 10 (1.98%) R
17 9 (1.79%) Perl
Qualifications
1 27 (5.36%) Security Cleared
2 25 (4.96%) Degree
3 21 (4.17%) SC Cleared
4 9 (1.79%) ISTQB
5 6 (1.19%) ISEB
6 5 (0.99%) Computer Science Degree
7 4 (0.79%) Numerate Degree
8 3 (0.60%) BPSS Clearance
8 3 (0.60%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
8 3 (0.60%) Master's Degree
9 2 (0.40%) AWS Certification
9 2 (0.40%) Microsoft Certification
10 1 (0.20%) DBS Check
10 1 (0.20%) DV Cleared
10 1 (0.20%) ISEB Practitioner
10 1 (0.20%) ITIL Certification
10 1 (0.20%) PhD
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 29 (5.75%) QA
2 3 (0.60%) GDPR
2 3 (0.60%) ISO/IEC 27001
2 3 (0.60%) MiFID
2 3 (0.60%) WCAG
3 2 (0.40%) ISO 9001
3 2 (0.40%) ISO/IEC 20000
3 2 (0.40%) PSD2
4 1 (0.20%) Cyber Essentials
4 1 (0.20%) Disclosure Scotland
4 1 (0.20%) HIPAA
4 1 (0.20%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 93 (18.45%) Docker
2 9 (1.79%) Active Directory
3 3 (0.60%) OpenAM
3 3 (0.60%) OpenDJ
4 2 (0.40%) Apache Flume
4 2 (0.40%) HDFS
4 2 (0.40%) Oracle RAC
4 2 (0.40%) zsh
5 1 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
Systems Management
1 100 (19.84%) Kubernetes
2 45 (8.93%) Terraform
3 36 (7.14%) Ansible
4 15 (2.98%) Puppet
5 11 (2.18%) Prometheus
6 10 (1.98%) Kibana
7 9 (1.79%) Grafana
7 9 (1.79%) Opscode Chef
8 6 (1.19%) logstash
9 3 (0.60%) Docker Swarm
9 3 (0.60%) Istio
9 3 (0.60%) SCCM
9 3 (0.60%) Zipkin
10 2 (0.40%) CFEngine
10 2 (0.40%) Data Guard
10 2 (0.40%) linkerd
10 2 (0.40%) Nagios
10 2 (0.40%) Oracle RMAN
10 2 (0.40%) Salt
10 2 (0.40%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 50 (9.92%) Oracle
2 25 (4.96%) Google
3 24 (4.76%) Microsoft
4 14 (2.78%) Databricks
5 12 (2.38%) Splunk
6 10 (1.98%) SAP
7 9 (1.79%) Salesforce.com
8 8 (1.59%) MuleSoft
8 8 (1.59%) Red Hat
8 8 (1.59%) Tableau
9 5 (0.99%) HP
9 5 (0.99%) Sybase
9 5 (0.99%) TIBCO
10 4 (0.79%) CA
10 4 (0.79%) CA Agile Central
10 4 (0.79%) Cloudera
10 4 (0.79%) ForgeRock
10 4 (0.79%) Informatica
11 3 (0.60%) Pega
11 3 (0.60%) Remedy