Period
to 21 January 2020

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 21 January 2020 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
21 Jan 2020
Same period 2019 Same period 2018
Rank 5 4 4
Rank change year-on-year -1 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 877 1,599 1,727
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 13.87% 18.04% 20.11%
As % of the Programming Languages category 28.87% 33.61% 38.47%
Number of daily rates quoted 704 1,307 1,466
Central London median daily rate £575 £575 £550
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.55% +4.76%
10th Percentile £413 £425 £409
90th Percentile £707 £725 £713
London median daily rate £575 £550 £550
% change year-on-year +4.55% - +8.37%
Number of hourly rates quoted 5 0 1
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 - £21.50
London median hourly rate £35.00 £36.00 £29.00
% change year-on-year -2.78% +24.14% -35.56%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 3,038 4,758 4,489
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 48.06% 53.67% 52.28%
Number of daily rates quoted 2,387 3,838 3,742
Central London median daily rate £525 £525 £513
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +2.44% +7.89%
10th Percentile £375 £375 £363
90th Percentile £675 £675 £675
London median daily rate £525 £525 £500
% change year-on-year - +5.00% +5.26%
Number of hourly rates quoted 17 8 14
Central London median hourly rate £35.00 £37.09 £28.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year -5.63% +32.46% +1.82%
10th Percentile £20.20 £18.39 £20.75
90th Percentile £54.00 £74.46 £151.50
London median hourly rate £44.51 £36.25 £34.00
% change year-on-year +22.79% +6.62% -15.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 21 January 2020.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 21 January 2020. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London 0 715 £575 - 501
City of Westminster -6 31 £525 -4.55%
West End of London +4 19 £488 -11.36% 1
Southwark -5 10 £588 +2.17% 1
Camden -8 1 £600 +9.09%
Java
London

For the 6 months to 21 January 2020, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 429 (48.92%) Agile Software Development
2 254 (28.96%) Microservices
3 227 (25.88%) Python
4 226 (25.77%) Finance
5 209 (23.83%) TDD
6 202 (23.03%) Spring
7 178 (20.30%) AWS
8 160 (18.24%) JavaScript
9 155 (17.67%) DevOps
10 142 (16.19%) Docker
11 140 (15.96%) SQL
12 130 (14.82%) Kubernetes
13 128 (14.60%) Banking
14 124 (14.14%) Test Automation
15 112 (12.77%) Spring Boot
16 106 (12.09%) HTML
17 105 (11.97%) Kafka
18 103 (11.74%) BDD
19 101 (11.52%) Linux
19 101 (11.52%) Java 8
20 99 (11.29%) REST
21 98 (11.17%) Scrum
22 96 (10.95%) Jenkins
23 92 (10.49%) Git (software)
24 91 (10.38%) Continuous Integration
25 89 (10.15%) Web Services
26 87 (9.92%) Software Engineering
27 86 (9.81%) Greenfield Project
28 84 (9.58%) RESTful
29 82 (9.35%) AngularJS

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 46 (5.25%) Apache Spark
2 38 (4.33%) Confluence
3 27 (3.08%) Elasticsearch
4 16 (1.82%) WebLogic
5 15 (1.71%) Apache
6 14 (1.60%) CMS
6 14 (1.60%) JBoss
7 13 (1.48%) WebSphere
8 11 (1.25%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 11 (1.25%) Tomcat
9 9 (1.03%) Cloud Foundry
10 7 (0.80%) Apache Airflow
11 6 (0.68%) Jetty
12 5 (0.57%) Luigi
12 5 (0.57%) OpenStack
12 5 (0.57%) SharePoint
13 4 (0.46%) Jupyter
13 4 (0.46%) Oracle Coherence
14 3 (0.34%) Oracle SOA Suite
14 3 (0.34%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 7 (0.80%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.46%) Photoshop
3 3 (0.34%) InDesign
4 2 (0.23%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.11%) Microsoft PowerPoint
5 1 (0.11%) MS Visio
5 1 (0.11%) Sketch
5 1 (0.11%) Weka
Business Applications
1 20 (2.28%) Dynamics CRM
2 3 (0.34%) Dynamics AX
2 3 (0.34%) ION MarketView
2 3 (0.34%) Oracle EBS
2 3 (0.34%) Oracle Financials
2 3 (0.34%) Unit4 Business World
3 2 (0.23%) Distributed Ledger
3 2 (0.23%) Magento
3 2 (0.23%) R3 Corda
3 2 (0.23%) Shopify
4 1 (0.11%) FINCAD Analytics
4 1 (0.11%) MoSes
4 1 (0.11%) Oracle Cash Management
4 1 (0.11%) Orchestrade
4 1 (0.11%) SAP GRC
4 1 (0.11%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 178 (20.30%) AWS
2 64 (7.30%) Azure
2 64 (7.30%) GCP
3 44 (5.02%) GitHub
4 30 (3.42%) Serverless
5 28 (3.19%) AWS Lambda
6 22 (2.51%) Amazon EC2
7 20 (2.28%) Amazon S3
8 18 (2.05%) Power Platform
9 14 (1.60%) OpenShift
10 12 (1.37%) Amazon SQS
10 12 (1.37%) AWS CloudFormation
11 9 (1.03%) PaaS
11 9 (1.03%) SaaS
12 8 (0.91%) Amazon ECS
12 8 (0.91%) Cloud Computing
12 8 (0.91%) Virtual Private Cloud
13 7 (0.80%) Apigee
13 7 (0.80%) Stackdriver
14 5 (0.57%) AWS Fargate
Communications & Networking
1 33 (3.76%) HTTP
2 17 (1.94%) TCP/IP
3 12 (1.37%) SSL
4 11 (1.25%) DNS
4 11 (1.25%) FTP
5 9 (1.03%) Firewall
5 9 (1.03%) Internet
6 8 (0.91%) Multicast
7 5 (0.57%) Remote Desktop
8 2 (0.23%) AMQP
8 2 (0.23%) Peer-to-Peer Networking
8 2 (0.23%) VPN
9 1 (0.11%) Broadband
9 1 (0.11%) DHCP
9 1 (0.11%) Ethernet
9 1 (0.11%) IPv4
9 1 (0.11%) IPv6
9 1 (0.11%) PBX
9 1 (0.11%) SNMP
9 1 (0.11%) VoIP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 62 (7.07%) NoSQL
2 47 (5.36%) PostgreSQL
3 46 (5.25%) MongoDB
4 45 (5.13%) Hadoop
5 39 (4.45%) Big Data
6 26 (2.96%) SQL Server
7 23 (2.62%) Apache Cassandra
8 22 (2.51%) Relational Database
9 20 (2.28%) MySQL
10 18 (2.05%) Power BI
11 17 (1.94%) Apache Hive
12 16 (1.82%) HBase
13 14 (1.60%) Data Warehouse
14 13 (1.48%) DB2
15 12 (1.37%) KDB
15 12 (1.37%) Redis
16 11 (1.25%) Amazon Redshift
16 11 (1.25%) Oracle Database
17 10 (1.14%) Amazon RDS
18 9 (1.03%) Amazon DynamoDB
Development Applications
1 96 (10.95%) Jenkins
2 92 (10.49%) Git (software)
3 54 (6.16%) JIRA
3 54 (6.16%) Maven
4 40 (4.56%) Selenium
5 38 (4.33%) JUnit
6 35 (3.99%) Cucumber
7 32 (3.65%) Gradle
8 29 (3.31%) TeamCity
9 21 (2.39%) Mockito
10 16 (1.82%) GitLab
11 15 (1.71%) Subversion
12 14 (1.60%) Atlassian Bamboo
12 14 (1.60%) Bitbucket
12 14 (1.60%) JMeter
13 12 (1.37%) Gatling
14 11 (1.25%) CircleCI
15 10 (1.14%) gulp
15 10 (1.14%) Sonatype Nexus
15 10 (1.14%) Travis CI
General
1 226 (25.77%) Finance
2 128 (14.60%) Banking
3 72 (8.21%) Front Office
4 29 (3.31%) Public Sector
5 26 (2.96%) Investment Banking
6 22 (2.51%) Advertising
7 19 (2.17%) Marketing
8 14 (1.60%) Financial Institution
9 12 (1.37%) Games
10 11 (1.25%) Law
11 10 (1.14%) Retail
11 10 (1.14%) Telecoms
12 9 (1.03%) Back Office
13 8 (0.91%) Manufacturing
14 6 (0.68%) Electronics
14 6 (0.68%) Retail Banking
15 4 (0.46%) French Language
15 4 (0.46%) Legal
16 3 (0.34%) Publishing
17 1 (0.11%) Aerospace
Job Titles
1 518 (59.06%) Developer
2 334 (38.08%) Java Developer
3 69 (7.87%) Senior Developer
4 57 (6.50%) Architect
4 57 (6.50%) Full Stack Developer
5 52 (5.93%) DevOps Engineer
5 52 (5.93%) Java Engineer
6 46 (5.25%) Senior Java Developer
7 38 (4.33%) AWS Developer
8 24 (2.74%) Data Engineer
8 24 (2.74%) React Developer
9 22 (2.51%) C# Developer
10 21 (2.39%) Solutions Architect
11 20 (2.28%) AWS Engineer
11 20 (2.28%) Technical Architect
12 19 (2.17%) Consultant
13 18 (2.05%) Python Developer
14 17 (1.94%) Analyst
14 17 (1.94%) Tester
15 16 (1.82%) Software Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 202 (23.03%) Spring
2 112 (12.77%) Spring Boot
3 106 (12.09%) HTML
4 105 (11.97%) Kafka
5 99 (11.29%) REST
6 89 (10.15%) Web Services
7 84 (9.58%) RESTful
8 82 (9.35%) AngularJS
9 77 (8.78%) CSS
10 69 (7.87%) Node.js
11 66 (7.53%) React
12 48 (5.47%) .NET
13 42 (4.79%) HTML5
13 42 (4.79%) JSON
14 41 (4.68%) XML
15 37 (4.22%) SOAP
16 32 (3.65%) J2EE
17 24 (2.74%) FIX Protocol
17 24 (2.74%) Hibernate
17 24 (2.74%) Spring Cloud
Miscellaneous
1 86 (9.81%) Greenfield Project
2 38 (4.33%) Analytical Skills
3 36 (4.10%) Enterprise Software
4 33 (3.76%) Data Structures
5 28 (3.19%) Algorithms
5 28 (3.19%) Equities
5 28 (3.19%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
6 25 (2.85%) User Experience
7 23 (2.62%) Fixed Income
8 20 (2.28%) Mobile App
9 19 (2.17%) Derivative
10 14 (1.60%) Cloud Native
10 14 (1.60%) Self-Motivation
11 11 (1.25%) Hedge funds
12 7 (0.80%) iPad
12 7 (0.80%) Linux Command Line
12 7 (0.80%) Management Information System
12 7 (0.80%) Public Cloud
13 6 (0.68%) Mobile Payment
13 6 (0.68%) Reinsurance
Operating Systems
1 101 (11.52%) Linux
2 42 (4.79%) Unix
3 33 (3.76%) Windows
4 23 (2.62%) Android
5 10 (1.14%) Apple iOS
5 10 (1.14%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6 5 (0.57%) Mac OS
6 5 (0.57%) Mac OS X
6 5 (0.57%) Ubuntu
7 4 (0.46%) Windows Server
8 3 (0.34%) CentOS
8 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2008
8 3 (0.34%) Windows Server 2012
9 2 (0.23%) Debian
9 2 (0.23%) VMS
10 1 (0.11%) Oracle Linux
10 1 (0.11%) Solaris
10 1 (0.11%) Windows 10
Processes & Methodologies
1 429 (48.92%) Agile Software Development
2 254 (28.96%) Microservices
3 209 (23.83%) TDD
4 155 (17.67%) DevOps
5 124 (14.14%) Test Automation
6 103 (11.74%) BDD
7 98 (11.17%) Scrum
8 91 (10.38%) Continuous Integration
9 87 (9.92%) Software Engineering
10 66 (7.53%) SDLC
11 65 (7.41%) Computer Science
12 63 (7.18%) Fintech
12 63 (7.18%) Multithreading
13 62 (7.07%) OO
14 57 (6.50%) Unit Testing
15 56 (6.39%) Open Source
16 49 (5.59%) Low Latency
17 48 (5.47%) Kanban
18 45 (5.13%) E-Commerce
18 45 (5.13%) Problem-Solving
Programming Languages
1 227 (25.88%) Python
2 160 (18.24%) JavaScript
3 140 (15.96%) SQL
4 101 (11.52%) Java 8
5 81 (9.24%) C++
6 79 (9.01%) Scala
7 66 (7.53%) C#
8 61 (6.96%) Ruby
9 51 (5.82%) Go
10 47 (5.36%) Kotlin
11 38 (4.33%) TypeScript
12 23 (2.62%) Groovy
13 22 (2.51%) PHP
14 21 (2.39%) PL/SQL
15 17 (1.94%) ES6
16 16 (1.82%) Bash Shell
17 13 (1.48%) C
18 12 (1.37%) R
19 8 (0.91%) Clojure
20 7 (0.80%) Apex Code
Qualifications
1 64 (7.30%) Degree
2 54 (6.16%) Security Cleared
3 44 (5.02%) SC Cleared
4 19 (2.17%) Computer Science Degree
5 13 (1.48%) Master's Degree
6 12 (1.37%) DV Cleared
7 11 (1.25%) PhD
8 7 (0.80%) AWS Certification
8 7 (0.80%) ISTQB
9 5 (0.57%) ISEB
10 2 (0.23%) BPSS Clearance
10 2 (0.23%) ISTQB Foundation Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CCIE
11 1 (0.11%) CCNA
11 1 (0.11%) Cisco Certification
11 1 (0.11%) CISSP
11 1 (0.11%) CTC Cleared
11 1 (0.11%) DBS Check
11 1 (0.11%) Numerate Degree
11 1 (0.11%) SANS
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 40 (4.56%) QA
2 10 (1.14%) GDPR
3 5 (0.57%) Data Quality
4 4 (0.46%) PCI DSS
5 3 (0.34%) PSD2
6 2 (0.23%) MiFID
6 2 (0.23%) WCAG
7 1 (0.11%) Basel III
7 1 (0.11%) IFRS
7 1 (0.11%) IFRS 9
7 1 (0.11%) ISO/IEC 20000
7 1 (0.11%) SLA
System Software
1 142 (16.19%) Docker
2 7 (0.80%) HDFS
3 5 (0.57%) Active Directory
4 4 (0.46%) Apache ZooKeeper
5 2 (0.23%) VMware Infrastructure
5 2 (0.23%) vSphere
6 1 (0.11%) Hyper-V
6 1 (0.11%) OpenAM
6 1 (0.11%) OpenDJ
6 1 (0.11%) Oracle RAC
6 1 (0.11%) Virtual Machines
6 1 (0.11%) VMware ESXi
6 1 (0.11%) zsh
Systems Management
1 130 (14.82%) Kubernetes
2 56 (6.39%) Ansible
3 54 (6.16%) Terraform
4 37 (4.22%) Puppet
5 30 (3.42%) Opscode Chef
6 16 (1.82%) Docker Swarm
7 7 (0.80%) SCCM
8 6 (0.68%) Cobbler
8 6 (0.68%) Hadoop YARN
8 6 (0.68%) Rancher
9 5 (0.57%) Istio
10 4 (0.46%) CFEngine
10 4 (0.46%) Grafana
10 4 (0.46%) Graphite
10 4 (0.46%) HP SiteScope
10 4 (0.46%) Nagios
10 4 (0.46%) Prometheus
10 4 (0.46%) Single Sign-On
11 2 (0.23%) HP Quality Center
11 2 (0.23%) logstash
Vendors
1 72 (8.21%) Oracle
2 45 (5.13%) Google
2 45 (5.13%) Microsoft
3 26 (2.96%) Salesforce.com
4 15 (1.71%) Adobe
4 15 (1.71%) SAP
4 15 (1.71%) Splunk
5 14 (1.60%) Sybase
6 13 (1.48%) Red Hat
7 10 (1.14%) Atlassian
7 10 (1.14%) MuleSoft
8 8 (0.91%) IBM
8 8 (0.91%) Vermilion
9 7 (0.80%) SaltStack
9 7 (0.80%) Solace
10 6 (0.68%) Tableau
11 5 (0.57%) Bloomberg
11 5 (0.57%) CA
11 5 (0.57%) Cloudera
11 5 (0.57%) Salesforce Marketing Cloud