Period
to 23 September 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 September 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
23 Sep 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 5
Rank change year-on-year +1 0 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 1,515 1,457 1,319
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 16.92% 18.33% 16.04%
As % of the Programming Languages category 31.79% 36.39% 33.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,260 1,176 1,109
Central London median daily rate £550 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year - +4.76% -
10th Percentile £413 £394 £363
90th Percentile £713 £700 £675
London median daily rate £550 £535 £500
% change year-on-year +2.80% +7.00% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 3 0 2
Central London median hourly rate £13.00 - £32.62
10th Percentile £12.50 - £15.06
90th Percentile £15.30 - £52.28
London median hourly rate £50.00 £29.00 £37.63
% change year-on-year +72.41% -22.94% +0.35%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,766 4,004 3,976
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 53.24% 50.36% 48.36%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,928 3,192 3,290
Central London median daily rate £525 £500 £460
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +5.00% +8.70% +2.22%
10th Percentile £363 £356 £313
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
London median daily rate £525 £500 £450
% change year-on-year +5.00% +11.11% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 15 13 12
Central London median hourly rate £22.00 £21.50 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +2.33% -21.82% +11.72%
10th Percentile £12.50 £13.31 £16.81
90th Percentile £52.34 £45.20 £56.68
London median hourly rate £39.00 £35.50 £30.00
% change year-on-year +9.86% +18.33% +13.53%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 23 September 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 23 September 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 1,232 £550 - 485
West End of London -3 51 £563 +18.42% 84
City of Westminster +6 34 £550 +4.76%
Southwark -8 33 £575 +27.42%
Camden -7 5 £294 -34.72% 1
Kensington and Chelsea - 1 £475 -
Java
London

For the 6 months to 23 September 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 677 (44.69%) Agile Software Development
2 451 (29.77%) Finance
3 382 (25.21%) Spring
4 368 (24.29%) TDD
5 353 (23.30%) Java 8
6 352 (23.23%) Amazon AWS
7 331 (21.85%) JavaScript
8 318 (20.99%) Microservices
9 286 (18.88%) Banking
10 276 (18.22%) DevOps
11 260 (17.16%) Docker
12 258 (17.03%) Python
13 256 (16.90%) REST
14 245 (16.17%) Test Automation
15 226 (14.92%) Git (software)
15 226 (14.92%) Jenkins
15 226 (14.92%) Linux
16 219 (14.46%) SQL
17 216 (14.26%) HTML
18 214 (14.13%) BDD
19 209 (13.80%) Maven
20 184 (12.15%) Spring Boot
21 171 (11.29%) Kafka
22 168 (11.09%) Web Services
23 167 (11.02%) RESTful
24 166 (10.96%) Kubernetes
25 163 (10.76%) AngularJS
25 163 (10.76%) Scrum
26 161 (10.63%) MongoDB
27 160 (10.56%) NoSQL

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 103 (6.80%) Apache Spark
2 86 (5.68%) Elasticsearch
3 69 (4.55%) Apache
4 41 (2.71%) Confluence
4 41 (2.71%) Tomcat
5 30 (1.98%) WebSphere
6 26 (1.72%) JBoss
6 26 (1.72%) Oracle SOA Suite
7 21 (1.39%) Adobe Experience Manager
8 19 (1.25%) Cloud Foundry
8 19 (1.25%) SAS
8 19 (1.25%) WebLogic
9 15 (0.99%) CMS
9 15 (0.99%) MQSeries
9 15 (0.99%) WordPress
10 12 (0.79%) nginx
11 11 (0.73%) Apache Solr
12 9 (0.59%) Jetty
13 7 (0.46%) Mule
14 6 (0.40%) OpenStack
Applications
1 16 (1.06%) Microsoft Excel
2 3 (0.20%) Chatbot
3 2 (0.13%) Microsoft Office
3 2 (0.13%) MS Visio
4 1 (0.066%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.066%) Adobe Creative Suite
4 1 (0.066%) Microsoft Project
4 1 (0.066%) OmniGraffle
4 1 (0.066%) Spreadsheet
Business Applications
1 18 (1.19%) Actimize
2 13 (0.86%) ION MarketView
3 7 (0.46%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.46%) Oracle General Ledger
3 7 (0.46%) SAP Hybris
4 2 (0.13%) Oracle Cash Management
4 2 (0.13%) Salesforce.com CRM
4 2 (0.13%) Sentinel
5 1 (0.066%) BusinessWorks
5 1 (0.066%) Dynamics CRM
5 1 (0.066%) Kondor
5 1 (0.066%) MetaTrader
5 1 (0.066%) Oracle BPM
5 1 (0.066%) Oracle Retail
5 1 (0.066%) Payment Gateway
5 1 (0.066%) ScheduALL
5 1 (0.066%) Siebel CRM
5 1 (0.066%) Summit
5 1 (0.066%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 352 (23.23%) Amazon AWS
2 62 (4.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 52 (3.43%) GitHub
4 40 (2.64%) Google Cloud Platform
5 37 (2.44%) Amazon S3
5 37 (2.44%) Heroku
6 29 (1.91%) Serverless
7 27 (1.78%) AWS Lambda
8 25 (1.65%) Amazon EC2
9 23 (1.52%) Amazon Kinesis
9 23 (1.52%) PaaS
10 17 (1.12%) Cloud Computing
11 13 (0.86%) Amazon ELB
11 13 (0.86%) Amazon EMR
12 12 (0.79%) Amazon CloudWatch
13 11 (0.73%) AWS CloudFormation
13 11 (0.73%) IaaS
13 11 (0.73%) npm
14 9 (0.59%) IBM Cloud
15 8 (0.53%) Virtual Private Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 76 (5.02%) HTTP
2 51 (3.37%) TCP/IP
3 49 (3.23%) SSL
4 43 (2.84%) FTP
5 42 (2.77%) DNS
6 14 (0.92%) Internet
7 9 (0.59%) AMQP
8 8 (0.53%) Firewall
9 5 (0.33%) DHCP
10 4 (0.26%) Kerberos
10 4 (0.26%) MQTT
10 4 (0.26%) Network Security
11 3 (0.20%) ICMP
11 3 (0.20%) SMS
12 2 (0.13%) BIG-IP
12 2 (0.13%) IPsec
12 2 (0.13%) SMTP
12 2 (0.13%) Software-Defined Networking
12 2 (0.13%) VPN
12 2 (0.13%) X.509
Database & Business Intelligence
1 161 (10.63%) MongoDB
2 160 (10.56%) NoSQL
3 133 (8.78%) Big Data
4 128 (8.45%) Relational Database
5 112 (7.39%) Hadoop
6 92 (6.07%) SQL Server
7 79 (5.21%) PostgreSQL
8 78 (5.15%) MySQL
9 76 (5.02%) Apache Cassandra
10 56 (3.70%) Redis
11 52 (3.43%) Apache Hive
12 38 (2.51%) RDBMS
13 23 (1.52%) HBase
14 19 (1.25%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 15 (0.99%) DB2
15 15 (0.99%) KDB
16 14 (0.92%) Couchbase
16 14 (0.92%) Neo4j
17 12 (0.79%) Data Warehouse
18 11 (0.73%) Amazon RDS
Development Applications
1 226 (14.92%) Git (software)
1 226 (14.92%) Jenkins
2 209 (13.80%) Maven
3 119 (7.85%) Cucumber
4 116 (7.66%) Selenium
5 104 (6.86%) JUnit
6 82 (5.41%) Gradle
7 73 (4.82%) JIRA
8 65 (4.29%) Mockito
9 41 (2.71%) GitLab
10 32 (2.11%) Subversion
11 29 (1.91%) gulp
12 26 (1.72%) Appium
12 26 (1.72%) WebDriver
13 23 (1.52%) IntelliJ
14 22 (1.45%) TeamCity
15 21 (1.39%) Bitbucket
16 20 (1.32%) Sonatype Nexus
17 18 (1.19%) Artifactory
17 18 (1.19%) TestNG
General
1 451 (29.77%) Finance
2 286 (18.88%) Banking
3 136 (8.98%) Front Office
4 87 (5.74%) Investment Banking
5 41 (2.71%) Financial Institution
6 39 (2.57%) Back Office
7 31 (2.05%) Publishing
8 29 (1.91%) Games
9 28 (1.85%) Retail
9 28 (1.85%) Telecoms
10 25 (1.65%) Advertising
11 22 (1.45%) Marketing
12 11 (0.73%) Pharmaceutical
13 10 (0.66%) Legal
13 10 (0.66%) Retail Banking
14 9 (0.59%) Law
15 7 (0.46%) General Ledger
16 3 (0.20%) Electronics
16 3 (0.20%) Manufacturing
17 2 (0.13%) Automotive
Job Titles
1 928 (61.25%) Developer
2 671 (44.29%) Java Developer
3 196 (12.94%) Senior Developer
4 161 (10.63%) Senior Java Developer
5 84 (5.54%) DevOps Engineer
6 78 (5.15%) Java Engineer
7 75 (4.95%) Full Stack Developer
8 70 (4.62%) Architect
9 50 (3.30%) Analyst
10 48 (3.17%) Lead Developer
11 43 (2.84%) Agile Developer
12 41 (2.71%) Big Data Engineer
13 39 (2.57%) Agile Java Developer
13 39 (2.57%) AWS Engineer
13 39 (2.57%) Technical Leader
14 37 (2.44%) Lead Java Developer
14 37 (2.44%) Web Developer
15 35 (2.31%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 35 (2.31%) Senior Java Engineer
16 34 (2.24%) Scala Developer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 382 (25.21%) Spring
2 256 (16.90%) REST
3 216 (14.26%) HTML
4 184 (12.15%) Spring Boot
5 171 (11.29%) Kafka
6 168 (11.09%) Web Services
7 167 (11.02%) RESTful
8 163 (10.76%) AngularJS
9 132 (8.71%) React
10 120 (7.92%) Node.js
11 109 (7.19%) HTML5
12 107 (7.06%) CSS
13 100 (6.60%) Hibernate
14 95 (6.27%) SOAP
15 94 (6.20%) XML
16 89 (5.87%) JSON
17 76 (5.02%) OAuth
18 75 (4.95%) .NET
19 71 (4.69%) Middleware
20 68 (4.49%) JMS
Miscellaneous
1 110 (7.26%) Greenfield Project
2 93 (6.14%) Fintech
3 84 (5.54%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 71 (4.69%) Computer Science
5 61 (4.03%) Mobile App
6 58 (3.83%) Derivative
7 57 (3.76%) Fixed Income
8 51 (3.37%) Equities
9 50 (3.30%) Algorithms
10 43 (2.84%) Analytical Skills
11 34 (2.24%) User Experience
12 25 (1.65%) Public Cloud
13 22 (1.45%) Data Structures
13 22 (1.45%) Equity Derivative
13 22 (1.45%) iPad
14 21 (1.39%) Credit Risk
15 19 (1.25%) Self-Motivation
16 16 (1.06%) Hedge funds
16 16 (1.06%) Linux Command Line
17 12 (0.79%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 226 (14.92%) Linux
2 143 (9.44%) Unix
3 58 (3.83%) Android
4 49 (3.23%) Apple iOS
5 30 (1.98%) Windows
6 16 (1.06%) Ubuntu
7 14 (0.92%) CentOS
8 13 (0.86%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 12 (0.79%) Windows Server
10 11 (0.73%) Mac OS X
11 6 (0.40%) AIX
12 5 (0.33%) VMS
13 4 (0.26%) Debian
13 4 (0.26%) Solaris
14 3 (0.20%) CoreOS
14 3 (0.20%) Oracle Linux
15 2 (0.13%) DC/OS
15 2 (0.13%) Fedora
15 2 (0.13%) Windows Server 2012
16 1 (0.066%) HPUX
Processes & Methodologies
1 677 (44.69%) Agile Software Development
2 368 (24.29%) TDD
3 318 (20.99%) Microservices
4 276 (18.22%) DevOps
5 245 (16.17%) Test Automation
6 214 (14.13%) BDD
7 163 (10.76%) Scrum
8 149 (9.83%) Low Latency
9 139 (9.17%) Software Engineering
10 138 (9.11%) Continuous Integration
11 130 (8.58%) Multithreading
12 113 (7.46%) OO
13 104 (6.86%) E-Commerce
14 100 (6.60%) Electronic Trading
15 93 (6.14%) Open Source
16 85 (5.61%) SDLC
17 82 (5.41%) Problem-Solving
18 80 (5.28%) Pair Programming
19 71 (4.69%) Analytics
20 64 (4.22%) Unit Testing
Programming Languages
1 353 (23.30%) Java 8
2 331 (21.85%) JavaScript
3 258 (17.03%) Python
4 219 (14.46%) SQL
5 144 (9.50%) Scala
6 86 (5.68%) C#
7 76 (5.02%) Ruby
8 65 (4.29%) C++
9 55 (3.63%) Kotlin
10 53 (3.50%) Groovy
11 48 (3.17%) Bash Shell
11 48 (3.17%) ES6
12 43 (2.84%) TypeScript
13 36 (2.38%) C
13 36 (2.38%) Go
14 35 (2.31%) Shell Script
15 31 (2.05%) Perl
16 27 (1.78%) Clojure
17 22 (1.45%) PHP
18 18 (1.19%) PL/SQL
Qualifications
1 78 (5.15%) Degree
2 56 (3.70%) Security Cleared
3 32 (2.11%) SC Cleared
4 27 (1.78%) Computer Science Degree
5 18 (1.19%) DV Cleared
6 14 (0.92%) ISEB
7 13 (0.86%) ISTQB
8 8 (0.53%) Numerate Degree
9 6 (0.40%) AWS Certification
9 6 (0.40%) Siebel Certification
10 5 (0.33%) Master's Degree
10 5 (0.33%) PhD
10 5 (0.33%) Sun Certification
11 3 (0.20%) A+ Certification
11 3 (0.20%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.20%) MBA
12 2 (0.13%) CCNA
12 2 (0.13%) CCNP
12 2 (0.13%) CCSA
12 2 (0.13%) OCPJP
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 96 (6.34%) QA
2 12 (0.79%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.33%) PSD2
4 3 (0.20%) EMIR
4 3 (0.20%) ISO 8583
4 3 (0.20%) SEPA
4 3 (0.20%) SLA
5 2 (0.13%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.13%) Dodd-Frank
5 2 (0.13%) GDPR
5 2 (0.13%) ISO/IEC 27001
5 2 (0.13%) MiFID
6 1 (0.066%) HL7
6 1 (0.066%) ISO 20022
System Software
1 260 (17.16%) Docker
2 14 (0.92%) HDFS
3 7 (0.46%) Active Directory
3 7 (0.46%) Virtual Machines
4 6 (0.40%) VMware Infrastructure
5 5 (0.33%) Apache Flume
6 3 (0.20%) Apache ZooKeeper
6 3 (0.20%) KVM
6 3 (0.20%) OpenAM
6 3 (0.20%) VirtualBox
6 3 (0.20%) Xen
7 2 (0.13%) Varnish
8 1 (0.066%) etcd
8 1 (0.066%) Hyper-V
8 1 (0.066%) OpenDJ
8 1 (0.066%) OpenIDM
8 1 (0.066%) vSphere
Systems Management
1 166 (10.96%) Kubernetes
2 91 (6.01%) Terraform
3 86 (5.68%) Ansible
4 74 (4.88%) Puppet
5 49 (3.23%) Opscode Chef
6 30 (1.98%) Docker Swarm
7 26 (1.72%) Kibana
8 24 (1.58%) logstash
9 20 (1.32%) Nagios
9 20 (1.32%) Prometheus
10 17 (1.12%) Packer
11 16 (1.06%) Mesos
12 15 (0.99%) ZABBIX
13 12 (0.79%) Hadoop YARN
14 11 (0.73%) Pingdom
14 11 (0.73%) Uchiwa
15 10 (0.66%) Grafana
15 10 (0.66%) linkerd
15 10 (0.66%) Marathon
15 10 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
Vendors
1 132 (8.71%) Oracle
2 62 (4.09%) Google
3 46 (3.04%) IBM
4 36 (2.38%) TIBCO
5 32 (2.11%) Microsoft
6 27 (1.78%) Sybase
7 25 (1.65%) Apigee
7 25 (1.65%) SAP
8 24 (1.58%) Salesforce.com
9 23 (1.52%) Splunk
10 22 (1.45%) Adobe
10 22 (1.45%) hybris
11 20 (1.32%) New Relic
12 19 (1.25%) AppDynamics
13 16 (1.06%) Atlassian
14 15 (0.99%) ION Trading
15 14 (0.92%) MuleSoft
16 12 (0.79%) Informatica
16 12 (0.79%) PagerDuty
17 11 (0.73%) Apple