Period
to 19 November 2018

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 19 November 2018 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
19 Nov 2018
Same period 2017 Same period 2016
Rank 4 5 6
Rank change year-on-year +1 +1 +1
Contract jobs citing Java 1,665 1,603 1,324
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 18.20% 19.13% 16.43%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.83% 37.24% 32.75%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,399 1,329 1,111
Central London median daily rate £563 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.27% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £419 £400 £375
90th Percentile £713 £713 £675
London median daily rate £550 £538 £500
% change year-on-year +2.33% +7.50% -
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 0 3
Central London median hourly rate - - £45.00
London median hourly rate £46.50 £28.50 £42.00
% change year-on-year +63.16% -32.14% +12.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,921 4,305 4,043
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 53.80% 51.38% 50.17%
Number of daily rates quoted 4,029 3,528 3,340
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
10th Percentile £368 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £638
London median daily rate £525 £500 £468
% change year-on-year +5.00% +6.95% +3.89%
Number of hourly rates quoted 9 19 10
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £24.49 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +51.48% -10.96% +5.42%
10th Percentile £16.90 £18.07 £16.06
90th Percentile £63.70 £45.85 £55.19
London median hourly rate £37.09 £35.91 £35.00
% change year-on-year +3.30% +2.59% +40.00%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 19 November 2018.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 19 November 2018. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 1,320 £575 +0.44% 470
Southwark -1 84 £575 +16.46%
West End of London -5 66 £550 +22.22% 86
City of Westminster +1 47 £550 +15.79%
Camden 0 13 £294 -34.72% 1
Kensington and Chelsea - 1 £475 -
Java
London

For the 6 months to 19 November 2018, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 820 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
2 472 (28.35%) TDD
3 444 (26.67%) Spring
4 440 (26.43%) Amazon AWS
5 431 (25.89%) Finance
6 407 (24.44%) Microservices
7 387 (23.24%) Java 8
8 349 (20.96%) Banking
9 345 (20.72%) DevOps
10 323 (19.40%) JavaScript
11 278 (16.70%) Docker
12 267 (16.04%) REST
13 258 (15.50%) Spring Boot
14 249 (14.95%) Test Automation
15 236 (14.17%) Maven
16 234 (14.05%) Jenkins
17 228 (13.69%) SQL
17 228 (13.69%) Python
18 225 (13.51%) BDD
19 222 (13.33%) Git (software)
19 222 (13.33%) HTML
20 196 (11.77%) Linux
21 192 (11.53%) Kubernetes
22 189 (11.35%) Continuous Integration
23 188 (11.29%) Greenfield Project
24 186 (11.17%) NoSQL
25 183 (10.99%) OO
26 178 (10.69%) RESTful
27 173 (10.39%) Front Office
28 170 (10.21%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.47%) Apache Spark
2 84 (5.05%) Elasticsearch
3 71 (4.26%) Tomcat
4 67 (4.02%) WebSphere
5 58 (3.48%) WebLogic
6 54 (3.24%) Confluence
7 44 (2.64%) OpenStack
8 42 (2.52%) Apache
9 23 (1.38%) Oracle SOA Suite
10 22 (1.32%) CMS
11 19 (1.14%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 17 (1.02%) JBoss
13 16 (0.96%) Cloud Foundry
13 16 (0.96%) WordPress
14 14 (0.84%) SAS
15 13 (0.78%) WildFly
16 10 (0.60%) Mule
17 7 (0.42%) nginx
18 6 (0.36%) Apache Solr
18 6 (0.36%) Oracle Workflow
Applications
1 11 (0.66%) Microsoft Excel
2 5 (0.30%) Spreadsheet
3 3 (0.18%) Chatbot
4 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
5 1 (0.060%) Acrobat
5 1 (0.060%) InVision
5 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Project
5 1 (0.060%) MS Visio
Business Applications
1 14 (0.84%) Actimize
2 8 (0.48%) ION MarketView
2 8 (0.48%) SAP Hybris
3 7 (0.42%) Oracle Financials
3 7 (0.42%) Oracle General Ledger
4 3 (0.18%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.18%) Oracle EBS
5 2 (0.12%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.060%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.060%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.060%) Kondor
6 1 (0.060%) MetaTrader
6 1 (0.060%) Oracle BPM
6 1 (0.060%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.060%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.060%) ScheduALL
6 1 (0.060%) Siebel CRM
6 1 (0.060%) Summit
6 1 (0.060%) SunGard Martini
Cloud Services
1 440 (26.43%) Amazon AWS
2 118 (7.09%) Microsoft Azure
3 55 (3.30%) GitHub
4 38 (2.28%) Google Cloud Platform
5 32 (1.92%) Serverless
6 31 (1.86%) AWS Lambda
7 30 (1.80%) Amazon S3
8 27 (1.62%) Heroku
9 26 (1.56%) Amazon EC2
10 21 (1.26%) Amazon Kinesis
11 20 (1.20%) PaaS
12 19 (1.14%) Apigee
13 17 (1.02%) AWS CloudFormation
14 13 (0.78%) Amazon ELB
14 13 (0.78%) Amazon EMR
14 13 (0.78%) BrowserStack
15 12 (0.72%) Cloud Computing
16 11 (0.66%) IaaS
16 11 (0.66%) npm
17 10 (0.60%) IBM Cloud
Communications & Networking
1 61 (3.66%) HTTP
2 34 (2.04%) TCP/IP
3 33 (1.98%) DNS
3 33 (1.98%) SSL
4 28 (1.68%) FTP
5 9 (0.54%) Firewall
5 9 (0.54%) Internet
6 8 (0.48%) Kerberos
7 7 (0.42%) AMQP
8 5 (0.30%) DHCP
9 4 (0.24%) MQTT
9 4 (0.24%) X.509
10 3 (0.18%) ICMP
10 3 (0.18%) Network Security
11 2 (0.12%) IPsec
11 2 (0.12%) SMS
11 2 (0.12%) VPN
12 1 (0.060%) LAN
12 1 (0.060%) SNA
12 1 (0.060%) SNMP
Database & Business Intelligence
1 186 (11.17%) NoSQL
2 149 (8.95%) MongoDB
3 122 (7.33%) Relational Database
4 120 (7.21%) Big Data
5 111 (6.67%) MySQL
6 104 (6.25%) PostgreSQL
7 100 (6.01%) Hadoop
8 91 (5.47%) SQL Server
9 75 (4.50%) Apache Cassandra
10 63 (3.78%) Redis
11 52 (3.12%) RDBMS
12 40 (2.40%) Apache Hive
13 24 (1.44%) Riak
14 19 (1.14%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 16 (0.96%) DB2
15 16 (0.96%) Neo4j
16 13 (0.78%) HBase
17 12 (0.72%) Data Warehouse
18 11 (0.66%) InfluxDB
18 11 (0.66%) KDB
Development Applications
1 236 (14.17%) Maven
2 234 (14.05%) Jenkins
3 222 (13.33%) Git (software)
4 133 (7.99%) Cucumber
5 129 (7.75%) Selenium
6 108 (6.49%) JUnit
7 89 (5.35%) Gradle
8 87 (5.23%) JIRA
9 76 (4.56%) Mockito
10 47 (2.82%) GitLab
11 46 (2.76%) NUnit
12 44 (2.64%) MSTest
13 40 (2.40%) Subversion
14 32 (1.92%) WebDriver
15 31 (1.86%) gulp
16 28 (1.68%) Bitbucket
17 24 (1.44%) Atlassian Bamboo
18 23 (1.38%) SonarQube
19 19 (1.14%) IntelliJ
19 19 (1.14%) jMock
General
1 431 (25.89%) Finance
2 349 (20.96%) Banking
3 173 (10.39%) Front Office
4 105 (6.31%) Investment Banking
5 38 (2.28%) Publishing
6 31 (1.86%) Back Office
7 28 (1.68%) Financial Institution
8 27 (1.62%) Games
9 24 (1.44%) Advertising
10 22 (1.32%) Retail
11 18 (1.08%) Telecoms
12 15 (0.90%) Marketing
13 11 (0.66%) Law
14 10 (0.60%) Pharmaceutical
15 7 (0.42%) General Ledger
15 7 (0.42%) Legal
16 5 (0.30%) Retail Banking
17 2 (0.12%) Digital Economy
17 2 (0.12%) Prime Brokerage
17 2 (0.12%) Russian Language
Job Titles
1 1,080 (64.86%) Developer
2 838 (50.33%) Java Developer
3 232 (13.93%) Senior Developer
4 195 (11.71%) Senior Java Developer
5 112 (6.73%) Full Stack Developer
6 110 (6.61%) DevOps Engineer
7 79 (4.74%) AWS Developer
7 79 (4.74%) Java Engineer
8 72 (4.32%) Architect
9 57 (3.42%) Front Office Developer
10 44 (2.64%) Agile Developer
11 42 (2.52%) Analyst
11 42 (2.52%) Tester
12 41 (2.46%) Agile Java Developer
12 41 (2.46%) Lead Developer
13 37 (2.22%) AWS DevOps
14 36 (2.16%) AWS Engineer
15 35 (2.10%) Scala Developer
15 35 (2.10%) Senior Java Engineer
16 34 (2.04%) Big Data Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 444 (26.67%) Spring
2 267 (16.04%) REST
3 258 (15.50%) Spring Boot
4 222 (13.33%) HTML
5 178 (10.69%) RESTful
6 163 (9.79%) AngularJS
7 160 (9.61%) Kafka
8 151 (9.07%) Hibernate
9 132 (7.93%) React
10 120 (7.21%) Node.js
10 120 (7.21%) Web Services
11 111 (6.67%) CSS
12 109 (6.55%) HTML5
13 91 (5.47%) JSON
14 87 (5.23%) XML
15 86 (5.17%) SOAP
16 80 (4.80%) JMS
17 79 (4.74%) .NET
18 64 (3.84%) Middleware
19 55 (3.30%) Java EE
Miscellaneous
1 188 (11.29%) Greenfield Project
2 90 (5.41%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
3 86 (5.17%) Fintech
4 77 (4.62%) Computer Science
5 74 (4.44%) Equities
6 70 (4.20%) Fixed Income
7 59 (3.54%) Derivative
7 59 (3.54%) Mobile App
8 42 (2.52%) Algorithms
9 40 (2.40%) User Experience
10 27 (1.62%) iPad
10 27 (1.62%) Linux Command Line
11 26 (1.56%) Analytical Skills
12 23 (1.38%) Equity Derivative
13 22 (1.32%) Self-Motivation
14 20 (1.20%) Data Structures
15 18 (1.08%) Public Cloud
16 15 (0.90%) Hedge funds
17 14 (0.84%) Data Centre
18 11 (0.66%) PKI
Operating Systems
1 196 (11.77%) Linux
2 151 (9.07%) Unix
3 51 (3.06%) Android
4 33 (1.98%) Apple iOS
5 31 (1.86%) Windows
6 16 (0.96%) VMS
7 15 (0.90%) Windows Server
8 12 (0.72%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
9 11 (0.66%) Mac OS X
10 5 (0.30%) Ubuntu
11 4 (0.24%) CentOS
12 3 (0.18%) Solaris
13 2 (0.12%) AIX
13 2 (0.12%) Debian
13 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
14 1 (0.060%) CoreOS
14 1 (0.060%) DC/OS
14 1 (0.060%) Mac OS
14 1 (0.060%) Windows 10
14 1 (0.060%) Windows Server 2008
Processes & Methodologies
1 820 (49.25%) Agile Software Development
2 472 (28.35%) TDD
3 407 (24.44%) Microservices
4 345 (20.72%) DevOps
5 249 (14.95%) Test Automation
6 225 (13.51%) BDD
7 189 (11.35%) Continuous Integration
8 183 (10.99%) OO
9 170 (10.21%) Scrum
10 145 (8.71%) Multithreading
11 141 (8.47%) Low Latency
12 134 (8.05%) Open Source
13 129 (7.75%) Software Engineering
14 112 (6.73%) E-Commerce
15 109 (6.55%) SDLC
16 104 (6.25%) Electronic Trading
17 79 (4.74%) Migration
17 79 (4.74%) Problem-Solving
18 76 (4.56%) Analytics
19 70 (4.20%) Continuous Delivery
Programming Languages
1 387 (23.24%) Java 8
2 323 (19.40%) JavaScript
3 228 (13.69%) Python
3 228 (13.69%) SQL
4 119 (7.15%) Scala
5 101 (6.07%) C#
6 72 (4.32%) Kotlin
7 56 (3.36%) Ruby
8 55 (3.30%) C++
9 43 (2.58%) ES6
9 43 (2.58%) TypeScript
10 38 (2.28%) Bash Shell
10 38 (2.28%) Groovy
11 30 (1.80%) Go
11 30 (1.80%) Perl
12 29 (1.74%) PHP
13 28 (1.68%) C
14 23 (1.38%) Shell Script
15 22 (1.32%) PL/SQL
16 15 (0.90%) PowerShell
Qualifications
1 82 (4.92%) Degree
2 64 (3.84%) Security Cleared
3 31 (1.86%) Computer Science Degree
4 28 (1.68%) SC Cleared
5 19 (1.14%) DV Cleared
6 14 (0.84%) ISTQB
7 11 (0.66%) ISEB
8 6 (0.36%) Master's Degree
9 5 (0.30%) Numerate Degree
9 5 (0.30%) PhD
10 4 (0.24%) AWS Certification
11 3 (0.18%) BPSS Clearance
11 3 (0.18%) CTC Cleared
11 3 (0.18%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 3 (0.18%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.060%) ITIL Certification
12 1 (0.060%) Microsoft Certification
12 1 (0.060%) MOS
12 1 (0.060%) PMP
12 1 (0.060%) Siebel Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 93 (5.59%) QA
2 12 (0.72%) Disclosure Scotland
3 4 (0.24%) SLA
4 3 (0.18%) PSD2
5 2 (0.12%) Data Quality
5 2 (0.12%) GDPR
6 1 (0.060%) EMIR
6 1 (0.060%) HIPAA
6 1 (0.060%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.060%) MiFID
6 1 (0.060%) PCI DSS
6 1 (0.060%) Sarbanes-Oxley
6 1 (0.060%) SEPA
System Software
1 278 (16.70%) Docker
2 14 (0.84%) HDFS
3 11 (0.66%) Active Directory
4 9 (0.54%) VMware Infrastructure
5 8 (0.48%) Virtual Machines
6 6 (0.36%) vSphere
7 4 (0.24%) Apache Flume
7 4 (0.24%) Apache ZooKeeper
8 2 (0.12%) KVM
8 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
8 2 (0.12%) Varnish
8 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
9 1 (0.060%) etcd
9 1 (0.060%) Hyper-V
9 1 (0.060%) OpenDJ
9 1 (0.060%) OpenIDM
9 1 (0.060%) Xen
Systems Management
1 192 (11.53%) Kubernetes
2 138 (8.29%) Ansible
3 114 (6.85%) Terraform
4 108 (6.49%) Puppet
5 83 (4.98%) Opscode Chef
6 26 (1.56%) Docker Swarm
7 22 (1.32%) Kibana
7 22 (1.32%) logstash
7 22 (1.32%) Packer
8 18 (1.08%) Nagios
9 15 (0.90%) ZABBIX
10 13 (0.78%) Prometheus
11 11 (0.66%) Hadoop YARN
11 11 (0.66%) Pingdom
11 11 (0.66%) Single Sign-On
11 11 (0.66%) Uchiwa
12 9 (0.54%) linkerd
13 8 (0.48%) Oozie
14 7 (0.42%) Consul
14 7 (0.42%) Grafana
Vendors
1 169 (10.15%) Oracle
2 58 (3.48%) Google
3 35 (2.10%) TIBCO
4 34 (2.04%) IBM
5 32 (1.92%) Microsoft
6 31 (1.86%) Sybase
7 30 (1.80%) SAP
8 24 (1.44%) hybris
9 20 (1.20%) Salesforce.com
10 19 (1.14%) Adobe
11 18 (1.08%) New Relic
12 15 (0.90%) Atlassian
13 14 (0.84%) ION Trading
13 14 (0.84%) Splunk
14 13 (0.78%) MuleSoft
15 12 (0.72%) AppDynamics
15 12 (0.72%) PagerDuty
15 12 (0.72%) VMware
16 11 (0.66%) Tableau
17 10 (0.60%) CA