Period
to 23 January 2019

The following table provides summary statistics for contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for Java skills. Included is a benchmarking guide to the contractor rates offered in vacancies that have cited Java over the 6 months to 23 January 2019 with a comparison to the same period in the previous 2 years.

Note that daily and hourly rates are treated separately in these statistics. When calculating contractor rate percentiles, daily rates are never derived from quoted hourly rates or vice versa.

Java
London > Central London
6 months to
23 Jan 2019
Same period 2018 Same period 2017
Rank 4 4 5
Rank change year-on-year 0 +1 +2
Contract jobs citing Java 1,615 1,773 1,226
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 18.08% 20.21% 16.57%
As % of the Programming Languages category 33.72% 38.65% 32.71%
Number of daily rates quoted 1,318 1,503 1,017
Central London median daily rate £575 £550 £525
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +4.55% +4.76% -
10th Percentile £425 £407 £375
90th Percentile £725 £713 £675
London median daily rate £550 £550 £513
% change year-on-year - +7.32% +2.50%
Number of hourly rates quoted 0 2 3
Central London median hourly rate - £21.50 £45.00
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year - -52.22% +20.00%
London median hourly rate £36.00 £27.50 £45.00
% change year-on-year +30.91% -38.89% +20.00%

Java is in the Programming Languages category. The following table is for comparison with the above and provides summary statistics for all contract job vacancies advertised in Central London with a requirement for coding skills.

All Programming Languages
Central London
Contract vacancies with a requirement for coding skills 4,789 4,587 3,748
As % of all contract IT jobs advertised in Central London 53.62% 52.29% 50.66%
Number of daily rates quoted 3,866 3,824 3,069
Central London median daily rate £525 £513 £475
Median daily rate % change year-on-year +2.44% +7.89% -
10th Percentile £375 £363 £325
90th Percentile £675 £675 £650
London median daily rate £525 £500 £475
% change year-on-year +5.00% +5.26% +5.56%
Number of hourly rates quoted 8 15 9
Central London median hourly rate £37.09 £28.00 £27.50
Median hourly rate % change year-on-year +32.46% +1.82% -8.33%
10th Percentile £18.39 £20.75 £15.50
90th Percentile £74.46 £139.50 £49.37
London median hourly rate £36.00 £32.50 £40.00
% change year-on-year +10.77% -18.75% +33.33%

Java
Job Vacancy Trend in Central London

Job postings citing Java as a percentage of all IT jobs advertised in Central London.

Job vacancy trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for daily rates quoted in contract jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor daily rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Daily Rate Histogram in Central London

The daily rate distribution of IT jobs citing Java in Central London over the 6 months to 23 January 2019.

Contractor daily rate histogram for Java in Central London

Java
Contractor Hourly Rate Trend in Central London

This chart provides the 3-month moving average for contractor hourly rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java in Central London.

Contractor hourly rate trend for Java in Central London

Java
Contract Job Locations in Central London

The table below looks at the demand and provides a guide to the median contractor rates quoted in IT jobs citing Java within the Central London region over the 6 months to 23 January 2019. The 'Rank Change' column provides an indication of the change in demand within each location based on the same 6 month period last year.

Location Rank Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Matching
Contract
IT Job Ads
Median
Daily Rate
Past 6 Months
Median Daily Rate
% Change
on Same Period
Last Year
Live
Job
Vacancies
City of London +1 1,266 £575 +4.55% 544
Southwark -4 85 £575 +4.55%
West End of London -6 65 £550 +16.21% 1
City of Westminster 0 44 £550 +12.82% 4
Camden +7 21 £550 +22.22%
Java
London

For the 6 months to 23 January 2019, IT contractor jobs citing Java also mentioned the following skills in order of popularity. The figures indicate the absolute number co-occurrences and as a proportion of all contract job ads across the Central London region with a requirement for Java.

1 881 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (28.85%) TDD
3 445 (27.55%) Spring
4 438 (27.12%) Microservices
5 420 (26.01%) Amazon AWS
6 385 (23.84%) Finance
7 368 (22.79%) Banking
8 351 (21.73%) DevOps
9 339 (20.99%) Java 8
10 310 (19.20%) Docker
10 310 (19.20%) JavaScript
11 268 (16.59%) REST
12 263 (16.28%) Spring Boot
13 251 (15.54%) Test Automation
13 251 (15.54%) Git (software)
14 247 (15.29%) Jenkins
15 233 (14.43%) Maven
16 230 (14.24%) Python
17 226 (13.99%) SQL
17 226 (13.99%) BDD
18 224 (13.87%) HTML
19 217 (13.44%) Kubernetes
20 215 (13.31%) Continuous Integration
21 209 (12.94%) Front Office
22 206 (12.76%) Greenfield Project
23 194 (12.01%) OO
24 185 (11.46%) Linux
25 182 (11.27%) RESTful
26 179 (11.08%) NoSQL
27 169 (10.46%) Scrum

Java
Co-occurring IT Skills in Central London by Category

The follow tables expand on the table above by listing co-occurrences grouped by category. The same job type, locality and period is covered with up to 20 co-occurrences shown in each of the following categories:

Application Platforms
1 91 (5.63%) Apache Spark
2 74 (4.58%) Confluence
3 67 (4.15%) Tomcat
4 64 (3.96%) WebSphere
5 63 (3.90%) Elasticsearch
6 56 (3.47%) WebLogic
7 44 (2.72%) OpenStack
8 41 (2.54%) Apache
9 25 (1.55%) CMS
10 18 (1.11%) Cloud Foundry
11 17 (1.05%) Adobe Experience Manager
12 16 (0.99%) JBoss
12 16 (0.99%) Oracle SOA Suite
13 15 (0.93%) Mule
14 13 (0.80%) WildFly
15 12 (0.74%) WordPress
16 8 (0.50%) IIS
16 8 (0.50%) Jetty
16 8 (0.50%) nginx
17 7 (0.43%) WebSphere Application Server
Applications
1 23 (1.42%) Microsoft Excel
2 4 (0.25%) Spreadsheet
3 2 (0.12%) Microsoft Office
4 1 (0.062%) Acrobat
4 1 (0.062%) Chatbot
4 1 (0.062%) InVision
4 1 (0.062%) Photoshop
Business Applications
1 9 (0.56%) SAP Hybris
2 8 (0.50%) Actimize
3 4 (0.25%) ION MarketView
3 4 (0.25%) SAP ERP
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle Applications
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle EBS
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle Financials
4 3 (0.19%) Oracle General Ledger
4 3 (0.19%) Salesforce.com CRM
5 2 (0.12%) Sentinel
6 1 (0.062%) BusinessWorks
6 1 (0.062%) Dynamics CRM
6 1 (0.062%) Eloqua
6 1 (0.062%) Endur
6 1 (0.062%) Kondor
6 1 (0.062%) Loan IQ
6 1 (0.062%) Oracle Retail
6 1 (0.062%) Payment Gateway
6 1 (0.062%) SunGard Martini
6 1 (0.062%) Temenos T24
Cloud Services
1 420 (26.01%) Amazon AWS
2 138 (8.54%) Microsoft Azure
3 60 (3.72%) GitHub
4 46 (2.85%) Google Cloud Platform
5 32 (1.98%) AWS Lambda
6 31 (1.92%) Serverless
7 25 (1.55%) Amazon EC2
7 25 (1.55%) Heroku
8 24 (1.49%) OpenShift
9 21 (1.30%) AWS CloudFormation
10 20 (1.24%) PaaS
11 17 (1.05%) Apigee
12 16 (0.99%) Amazon S3
13 13 (0.80%) SaaS
14 12 (0.74%) Amazon Kinesis
15 11 (0.68%) BrowserStack
15 11 (0.68%) IaaS
16 9 (0.56%) Datadog
17 8 (0.50%) Amazon EMR
17 8 (0.50%) Cloud Computing
Communications & Networking
1 78 (4.83%) HTTP
2 36 (2.23%) DNS
3 35 (2.17%) SSL
3 35 (2.17%) TCP/IP
4 30 (1.86%) FTP
5 10 (0.62%) Internet
6 9 (0.56%) Firewall
7 7 (0.43%) AMQP
8 6 (0.37%) DHCP
8 6 (0.37%) Kerberos
8 6 (0.37%) X.509
9 5 (0.31%) IPsec
10 3 (0.19%) VPN
11 2 (0.12%) LAN
11 2 (0.12%) SAN
12 1 (0.062%) Bluetooth
12 1 (0.062%) Ethernet
12 1 (0.062%) HTTPS
12 1 (0.062%) SNMP
12 1 (0.062%) WAN
Database & Business Intelligence
1 179 (11.08%) NoSQL
2 127 (7.86%) MongoDB
3 125 (7.74%) Relational Database
4 111 (6.87%) Big Data
5 103 (6.38%) PostgreSQL
6 101 (6.25%) MySQL
7 97 (6.01%) SQL Server
8 83 (5.14%) Apache Cassandra
9 75 (4.64%) Hadoop
10 64 (3.96%) Redis
11 44 (2.72%) RDBMS
12 26 (1.61%) Apache Hive
13 24 (1.49%) Riak
14 22 (1.36%) Amazon DynamoDB
15 18 (1.11%) Neo4j
16 14 (0.87%) DB2
17 12 (0.74%) Impala
17 12 (0.74%) KDB
18 11 (0.68%) SQL Server Integration Services
19 10 (0.62%) Apache Kudu
Development Applications
1 251 (15.54%) Git (software)
2 247 (15.29%) Jenkins
3 233 (14.43%) Maven
4 131 (8.11%) Cucumber
5 123 (7.62%) Selenium
6 108 (6.69%) JIRA
7 101 (6.25%) JUnit
8 91 (5.63%) Gradle
9 69 (4.27%) Mockito
10 64 (3.96%) Subversion
11 45 (2.79%) NUnit
12 44 (2.72%) MSTest
13 43 (2.66%) GitLab
14 41 (2.54%) Atlassian Bamboo
15 34 (2.11%) SonarQube
15 34 (2.11%) WebDriver
16 31 (1.92%) gulp
17 28 (1.73%) Bitbucket
18 25 (1.55%) jMock
19 24 (1.49%) Sonatype Nexus
General
1 385 (23.84%) Finance
2 368 (22.79%) Banking
3 209 (12.94%) Front Office
4 86 (5.33%) Investment Banking
5 32 (1.98%) Publishing
6 25 (1.55%) Games
7 22 (1.36%) Financial Institution
8 20 (1.24%) Advertising
9 18 (1.11%) Retail
10 17 (1.05%) Back Office
11 12 (0.74%) Law
12 10 (0.62%) Pharmaceutical
13 8 (0.50%) Marketing
13 8 (0.50%) Telecoms
14 5 (0.31%) Legal
14 5 (0.31%) Retail Banking
15 3 (0.19%) General Ledger
16 2 (0.12%) Automotive
16 2 (0.12%) Billing
16 2 (0.12%) Private Banking
Job Titles
1 1,047 (64.83%) Developer
2 797 (49.35%) Java Developer
3 209 (12.94%) Senior Developer
4 178 (11.02%) Senior Java Developer
5 142 (8.79%) Full Stack Developer
6 117 (7.24%) DevOps Engineer
7 93 (5.76%) Java Engineer
8 76 (4.71%) AWS Developer
9 68 (4.21%) Front Office Developer
10 61 (3.78%) Architect
11 44 (2.72%) JSP Developer
12 39 (2.41%) Agile Developer
12 39 (2.41%) Tester
13 38 (2.35%) Analyst
14 35 (2.17%) Scala Developer
15 34 (2.11%) Agile Java Developer
15 34 (2.11%) Electronic Trading Developer
15 34 (2.11%) Lead Developer
16 32 (1.98%) Senior DevOps
17 31 (1.92%) Senior DevOps Engineer
Libraries, Frameworks & Software Standards
1 445 (27.55%) Spring
2 268 (16.59%) REST
3 263 (16.28%) Spring Boot
4 224 (13.87%) HTML
5 182 (11.27%) RESTful
6 155 (9.60%) AngularJS
7 147 (9.10%) Kafka
8 145 (8.98%) Hibernate
9 132 (8.17%) Node.js
10 126 (7.80%) React
11 125 (7.74%) CSS
12 112 (6.93%) HTML5
13 103 (6.38%) Web Services
14 91 (5.63%) SOAP
15 89 (5.51%) JSON
16 83 (5.14%) .NET
17 77 (4.77%) XML
18 73 (4.52%) JMS
19 67 (4.15%) JSP
20 61 (3.78%) J2EE
Miscellaneous
1 206 (12.76%) Greenfield Project
2 78 (4.83%) Fixed Income
3 74 (4.58%) Foreign Exchange (FX)
4 71 (4.40%) Fintech
5 68 (4.21%) Equities
6 64 (3.96%) Derivative
7 59 (3.65%) Mobile App
8 52 (3.22%) Algorithms
9 41 (2.54%) User Experience
10 40 (2.48%) Analytical Skills
11 34 (2.11%) Equity Derivative
11 34 (2.11%) iPad
12 33 (2.04%) Self-Motivation
13 30 (1.86%) Linux Command Line
14 23 (1.42%) Data Structures
15 16 (0.99%) Clustering
16 14 (0.87%) Hedge funds
17 12 (0.74%) Fat Client
17 12 (0.74%) Thin Client
18 10 (0.62%) Data Centre
Operating Systems
1 185 (11.46%) Linux
2 144 (8.92%) Unix
3 48 (2.97%) Windows
4 42 (2.60%) Android
5 24 (1.49%) Apple iOS
6 19 (1.18%) Windows Server
7 17 (1.05%) Mac OS X
8 14 (0.87%) Red Hat Enterprise Linux
8 14 (0.87%) VMS
9 5 (0.31%) Ubuntu
10 4 (0.25%) CentOS
11 3 (0.19%) Solaris
12 2 (0.12%) Debian
12 2 (0.12%) Windows Server 2012
13 1 (0.062%) AIX
13 1 (0.062%) Fedora
13 1 (0.062%) Kali Linux
13 1 (0.062%) Mac OS
13 1 (0.062%) Windows 10
13 1 (0.062%) Windows 7
Processes & Methodologies
1 881 (54.55%) Agile Software Development
2 466 (28.85%) TDD
3 438 (27.12%) Microservices
4 351 (21.73%) DevOps
5 251 (15.54%) Test Automation
6 226 (13.99%) BDD
7 215 (13.31%) Continuous Integration
8 194 (12.01%) OO
9 169 (10.46%) Scrum
10 146 (9.04%) Open Source
11 140 (8.67%) Multithreading
12 135 (8.36%) Software Engineering
13 132 (8.17%) SDLC
14 112 (6.93%) Low Latency
15 111 (6.87%) E-Commerce
16 99 (6.13%) Electronic Trading
17 94 (5.82%) Continuous Delivery
18 93 (5.76%) Problem-Solving
19 85 (5.26%) Migration
20 76 (4.71%) Computer Science
Programming Languages
1 339 (20.99%) Java 8
2 310 (19.20%) JavaScript
3 230 (14.24%) Python
4 226 (13.99%) SQL
5 122 (7.55%) Scala
6 109 (6.75%) C#
7 73 (4.52%) Kotlin
8 51 (3.16%) C++
9 49 (3.03%) TypeScript
10 48 (2.97%) Ruby
11 45 (2.79%) PHP
12 43 (2.66%) ES6
12 43 (2.66%) Groovy
13 35 (2.17%) Bash Shell
13 35 (2.17%) Go
14 31 (1.92%) Perl
15 27 (1.67%) Shell Script
16 22 (1.36%) PL/SQL
16 22 (1.36%) PowerShell
17 19 (1.18%) C
Qualifications
1 95 (5.88%) Degree
2 55 (3.41%) Security Cleared
3 27 (1.67%) Computer Science Degree
4 23 (1.42%) DV Cleared
5 20 (1.24%) SC Cleared
6 16 (0.99%) ISTQB
6 16 (0.99%) Numerate Degree
7 13 (0.80%) ISEB
8 6 (0.37%) Master's Degree
8 6 (0.37%) PhD
9 4 (0.25%) AWS Certification
10 3 (0.19%) CTC Cleared
10 3 (0.19%) ISTQB Advanced Certification
11 2 (0.12%) BPSS Clearance
11 2 (0.12%) ITIL Certification
11 2 (0.12%) Sun Certification
12 1 (0.062%) CEH
12 1 (0.062%) CREST Certified
12 1 (0.062%) DBS Check
12 1 (0.062%) TOGAF Certification
Quality Assurance & Compliance
1 80 (4.95%) QA
2 7 (0.43%) Disclosure Scotland
3 5 (0.31%) SLA
4 3 (0.19%) GDPR
4 3 (0.19%) HIPAA
4 3 (0.19%) Sarbanes-Oxley
4 3 (0.19%) Solvency II
5 2 (0.12%) MiFID
5 2 (0.12%) PSD2
6 1 (0.062%) Data Quality
6 1 (0.062%) ISO 20022
6 1 (0.062%) PCI DSS
System Software
1 310 (19.20%) Docker
2 15 (0.93%) HDFS
3 13 (0.80%) VMware Infrastructure
4 12 (0.74%) Active Directory
5 9 (0.56%) Virtual Machines
6 7 (0.43%) Apache ZooKeeper
7 6 (0.37%) vSphere
8 5 (0.31%) Xen
9 3 (0.19%) Apache Flume
10 2 (0.12%) KVM
10 2 (0.12%) OpenAM
10 2 (0.12%) Varnish
10 2 (0.12%) VirtualBox
11 1 (0.062%) etcd
11 1 (0.062%) OpenDJ
11 1 (0.062%) OpenIDM
Systems Management
1 217 (13.44%) Kubernetes
2 154 (9.54%) Ansible
3 105 (6.50%) Terraform
4 95 (5.88%) Puppet
5 71 (4.40%) Opscode Chef
6 27 (1.67%) Docker Swarm
7 21 (1.30%) Packer
8 18 (1.11%) Kibana
9 13 (0.80%) logstash
10 11 (0.68%) Single Sign-On
11 9 (0.56%) Nagios
11 9 (0.56%) ZABBIX
12 8 (0.50%) Hadoop YARN
12 8 (0.50%) Istio
13 7 (0.43%) Consul
13 7 (0.43%) linkerd
13 7 (0.43%) Prometheus
14 6 (0.37%) Salt
15 5 (0.31%) Mesos
16 4 (0.25%) Oozie
Vendors
1 152 (9.41%) Oracle
2 54 (3.34%) Google
3 40 (2.48%) Microsoft
4 33 (2.04%) Sybase
5 26 (1.61%) hybris
6 24 (1.49%) Atlassian
6 24 (1.49%) IBM
6 24 (1.49%) Splunk
7 22 (1.36%) SAP
8 18 (1.11%) TIBCO
8 18 (1.11%) VMware
9 16 (0.99%) Salesforce.com
10 15 (0.93%) Adobe
10 15 (0.93%) ION Trading
11 12 (0.74%) New Relic
11 12 (0.74%) Terracotta
12 10 (0.62%) MuleSoft
12 10 (0.62%) Red Hat
12 10 (0.62%) Tableau
13 9 (0.56%) FXall